IUCN GLOBAL MARINE PROGRAMME

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IUCN
GLOBAL MARINE PROGRAMME
Kristina Gjerde
High Seas Policy Advisor
Warsaw, Poland
[email protected]
INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE
OVERVIEW
1. IUCN
General overview
2. GLOBAL MARINE PROGRAMME
Activity overview
Project presentations
3. REGIONAL PROGRAMMES
2
IUCN
INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE
3
IUCN
• World’s oldest and largest global environmental network
• 60 offices worldwide
• Six Commissions
• Neutral forum
• Official observer status at United Nations General Assembly
4
IUCN’S MISSION
To influence, encourage and assist societies throughout the world
to conserve the integrity and diversity of nature and to ensure that
any use of natural resources is equitable and ecologically
sustainable
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Action
Influence
6
Empowerment
Knowledge
IUCN
GLOBAL MARINE PROGRAMME
INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE
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IUCN GLOBAL MARINE PROGRAMME’S WORK
• Climate change mitigation and adaptation
• Conserving threatened species
• Energy and industry
• Fisheries and aquaculture
• Managing marine invasive species
• Marine protected areas
• Ocean governance
• Securing coastal livelihoods
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CORAL REEF MANAGEMENT
• Several ongoing projects
• AIMS OF PROJECTS:
– Improve scientific knowledge
– Develop management frameworks and
policies
– Develop management tools
– Develop alternative livelihood projects
– Improve education and awareness
10
MARINE INVASIVE SPECIES
• Four projects (Indian/Pacific Ocean)
• AIMS OF PROJECTS:
– Establish a baseline
– Increase knowledge of status
– Detect potential marine bio-invasions
– Increase knowledge and awareness
– Reduce species introduction risks
associated with aquaculture and ballast
water
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INDIAN OCEAN POST-TSUNAMI ASSESSMENTS
Immediate aftermath
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Marine/coastal ecosystem impact assessments
Sri Lanka, India, Thailand and Aceh
Coordinating coral reef assessments regionally
Undertaking or contributing to livelihood assessment
Rehabilitation and socio-ecological resilience
ƒ Integrating environmental safeguards into disaster management: a field
manual
ƒ Mangroves for the Future
ƒ Mainstreaming environmental concerns with relief and development
organizations
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Rehabilitating coastal ecosystems in a post tsunami context
MARINE PROTECTED AREAS
• Technical advisor on 2009 TED Prize wish
• www.protectplanetocean.org
• World Commission on Protected Areas
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SOUTHERN INDIAN OCEAN SEAMOUNTS
• GEF-funded study of five Southern Indian Ocean
seamounts
• Project objectives:
– Improve scientific understanding of biodiversity
– Enhance governance frameworks
– Identify conservation and management options
– Raise awareness
– Share knowledge
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REGIONAL PROGRAMMES
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MEDITERRANEAN SEA
Centre for Mediterranean Cooperation
• Species conservation
– Criteria for the inclusion of Species on
Protocol annex
• MPA management
– Methodology for the evaluation of the
Specially Protected Areas (SPAMI);
– Publication on pelagic ecosystems and
habitats
• Governance of the (high) seas
– Workshops on improvement of the
governance
– Maritime traffic and biodiversity
• http://www.iucn.org/mediterranean
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OCEANIA
• SEVERAL ONGOING PROJECTS:
– The Pacific Ocean 2020 Challenge
– GEF-funded Pacific Islands Oceanic
Fisheries Management Project,
– Pacific Mangrove and Climate Adaptation
Initiative
– Species
• http://www.iucn.org/about/union/secretariat/
offices/oceania/
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FURTHER INFORMATION
• IUCN website
www.iucn.org
• IUCN Global Marine Programme website
www.iucn.org/marine/
• Kristina Maria Gjerde
[email protected]
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SHARK PROJECT
• Cooperation with Save Our Seas Foundation
• Shark and ray abundance surveys off Sudan
• AIM OF PROJECT:
– Public awareness and outreach
– Boost local capacity
– Monitoring of local communities’ socio-economic conditions
– Identify key biodiversity-rich areas for protection
– Strengthen Red Sea network
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HIGH SEAS MARINE CONSERVATION
• Two-year project
• Funded by German Agency for Nature
Conservation (BfN)
• AIM OF PROJECT:
– Identify ecologically and biologicallysignificant marine areas
– Foster international support
• ROLE OF IUCN:
– Coordinate scientific work
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YEMEN LNG
• Yemen LNG Compagny Ltd
• ROLE OF IUCN:
– Convene independent scientific panel
– Conduct independent review of Biodiversity Action Plan
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ENHANCING LIVELIHOODS
• Various projects
• AIM OF PROJECTS:
– Analyse communities’ resource use,
dependence and management
– Identify bottlenecks to good common pool
marine resource governance
– Poverty reduction
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WESTERN GRAY WHALE PROJECT
• Critically endangered population (IUCN Red List)
• 2004: Collaboration with Sakhalin Energy
• 2006: Western Gray Whale Advisory Panel
• ROLE OF IUCN:
– Independent and impartial convener
– Coordinator and facilitator of the information
– Highest level of scientific expertise
– Transparency and openness
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