SALAMOL STERI-NEB 2.5 mg/2.5 ml NEBULISER SOLUTION

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SALAMOL STERI-NEB
2.5 mg/2.5 ml
NEBULISER SOLUTION
PE3119
salbutamol (as sulphate)
PACKAGE LEAFLET: INFORMATION
FOR THE USER
Read all of this leaflet carefully before you
start using this medicine because it contains
important information for you.
• Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it
again.
• If you have any further questions, ask your
doctor, pharmacist or nurse.
• This medicine has been prescribed for you
only. Do not pass it on to others. It may harm
them, even if their signs of illness are the
same as yours.
• If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor,
pharmacist or nurse. This includes any
possible side effects not listed in this leaflet.
See section 4.
WHAT IS IN THIS LEAFLET:
doctor or nurse. Salbutamol MUST NOT be
used for at least 6 hours before you are given
anaesthesia (see “Other medicines and Salamol
Steri-Neb”).
Use of this medicine may cause difficulty in
passing urine in male patients with enlarged
prostate gland.
Athletes should be aware the use of salbutamol
may cause a positive outcome in anti-doping
control tests.
On rare occasions, high doses of Salamol
Steri-Neb can cause a very rare but serious
condition known as lactic acidosis, which is
caused by an increase in lactate levels in your
blood (see section 4, “Possible side effects”).
Your doctor may need to regularly check the
level of serum lactate in your blood. Symptoms
of lactic acidosis include shortness of breath and
rapid or deep breathing. If you think you might
be suffering from lactic acidosis, contact your
doctor immediately.
Children and adolescents
Salamol Steri-Neb is indicated for adolescents
and children aged 4 to 11 years.
Children should be supervised by an adult when
using a nebuliser.
1. What Salamol Steri-Neb is and what it is used
for
2. What you need to know before you use
Salamol Steri-Neb
3. How to use Salamol Steri-Neb
4. Possible side effects
5. How to store Salamol Steri-Neb
6. Contents of the pack and other information
Children and their caregivers should be
encouraged and trained to use a mouthpiece
instead of a facemask as soon as possible.
1 What Salamol Steri-Neb is and what it
DO NOT use Salamol Steri-Neb if you are
taking:
is used for
Your medicine is called Salamol Steri-Neb
2.5 mg/2.5 ml Nebuliser Solution (referred to
as Salamol Steri-Neb throughout this leaflet).
It contains a substance called salbutamol,
which belongs to a class of medicines called
bronchodilators.
Bronchodilators help manage bronchospasm
(sudden narrowing of the tubes to the lungs
caused by muscle spasm), by opening up the air
passages in the lungs for up to 4 – 6 hours after
administration.
Salamol Steri-Neb is used to treat:
• asthma
• chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
(COPD), such as chronic bronchitis and
emphysema.
If you suffer from asthma, Salamol Steri-Neb can
be used to both manage the symptoms before
they occur and to relieve symptoms once they
occur.
Salamol Steri-Neb is for use in adults,
adolescents and children aged 4 to 11 years (see
section 3, “How to use Salamol Steri-Neb”).
2 What you need to know before you
use Salamol Steri-Neb
Do NOT use Salamol Steri-Neb:
• if you are allergic to salbutamol or any of the
other ingredients of this medicine (listed in
section 6)
• for the general management of premature
labour or threatened miscarriage. Although
some forms of salbutamol can be used
for such purposes, the inhaled salbutamol
preparations such as Salamol Steri-Neb
MUST NOT be used.
Warnings and precautions
Talk to your doctor before using Salamol
Steri-Neb if you:
• have a history of heart disease
• have heart problems such as poor blood flow
to the heart (coronary insufficiency), severe
heart failure, irregular heart rhythm (cardiac
arrhythmia), chest pain (angina) or a fast or
irregular heart rate
• suffer from severe and untreated high blood
pressure
• have a bulge in your blood vessel (aneurysm)
• suffer from overactive thyroid
(hyperthyroidism) or have thyroid problems
due to excessive thyroid hormone
(thyrotoxicosis)
• have a low concentration of potassium
in your blood, which is not being treated
(hypokalaemia)
• suffer from raised pressure in the eye(s)
(glaucoma). DO NOT get the solution or mist
in your eyes.
• suffer from deficiency of oxygen in the tissues
(hypoxia)
• have diabetes, especially if it is difficult to
control, as salbutamol may cause an increase
in your blood sugar level. Using Salamol
Steri-Neb with corticosteroids can exaggerate
this effect (see “Other medicines and Salamol
Steri-Neb”).
• have a rare, usually noncancerous (benign)
tumor that develops in cells in the center of an
adrenal gland (pheochromocytoma)
• suffer from acute severe asthma. Using this
medicine may lead to low potassium levels
in your blood, especially if you do not have
enough oxygen in your blood (a condition
called hypoxia). Your doctor may prescribe
you regular blood tests to monitor your
potassium levels. For medicines affecting
potassium levels, see “Other medicines and
Salamol Steri-Neb” in this section of the
leaflet.
As severe asthma is a serious and potentially lifethreatening condition, your doctor will regularly
monitor your lung function and how well you
are responding to treatment. Your doctor might
also decide to prescribe you inhaled and/or oral
corticosteroids (anti-inflammatory drugs).
If your intense breathing problems do not
improve or get worse following the inhalation,
you might need urgent medical attention (see
section 4, “Possible side effects”).
If you are due to have a surgery, talk to your
Other medicines and Salamol Steri-Neb
Tell your doctor, pharmacist or nurse if you are
taking, have recently taken or might take any
other medicines, including medicines obtained
without a prescription.
• p
ropranolol or any other non-selective
beta-blocking medicine (used to treat heart
problems and high blood pressure).
Talk to your doctor if you are taking any of
the following medicines.
The effects of salbutamol may be altered when
used with:
• guanethidine and methyldopa (medicines
used to treat high blood pressure)
• reserpine (used to treat psychosis or high
blood pressure)
• tricyclic antidepressants and monoamine
oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs), such as
moclobemide (used to teat depression)
• large doses of other sympathomimetic drugs,
such as ephedrine (used to treat low blood
pressure and breathing problems).
Low potassium levels (hypokalaemia) may be
worsened when salbutamol is used in particular
with:
• xantine derivatives, such as aminophylline or
theophylline (used to improve breathing for
people with asthma)
• glucocorticoids and other steroids (used
to treat mainly inflammation and immune
system disorders)
• diuretics, also known as “water tablets” (used
to treat high blood pressure)
• cardiac glycosides (used to treat severe heart
failure and certain irregular heartbeats).
Using Salamol Steri-Neb with corticosteroids
can exaggerate the increase in blood sugar. This
should be taken into consideration in patients
with diabetes (see “Warnings and precautions”).
In some cases, combined use of salbutamol and
ipratopium, which is also used for treatment
of COPD and asthma, has been reported to
cause raised pressure in the eye(s) (acute angle
glaucoma). Talk to your doctor before using these
medicines together. If you are to use salbutamol
and ipratropium together, avoid any contact of
the medicines with your eyes.
Some anaesthetics (such as chloroform,
cyclopropane or halothane) and salbutamol
MUST be used at least 6 hours apart. Talk to your
doctor or nurse if you are due to have a surgery
(see “Warnings and precautions”).
Talk to your doctor, pharmacist or nurse before
taking any other medicine.
Pregnancy, breast-feeding and fertility
If you are pregnant or breast-feeding, think you
may be pregnant or are planning to have a baby,
ask your doctor for advice before taking any
medicine.
During pregnancy, the use of Salamol Steri-Neb
is NOT recommended, unless the expected
benefit to the mother is greater than any possible
risk to the baby.
When breast-feeding, the use of Salamol SteriNeb is NOT recommended unless the expected
benefit to the mother is greater than any possible
risk to the baby. The medicine may pass into
breast milk and affect the baby.
There is no evidence of salbutamol affecting
human fertility.
Driving and using machines
Salamol Steri-Neb is not expected to affect your
ability to drive or operate machinery.
3 How to use Salamol Steri-Neb
Always use this medicine exactly as your doctor
has told you. Check with your doctor, pharmacist
or nurse if you are not sure.
The recommended dose is:
Adults (including elderly) and adolescents
aged 12 years and over
• T
he starting dose is 2.5 mg taken by wet
inhalation. Your doctor may increase this to
5 mg. Treatment may be repeated up to four
times a day.
• The maximum daily dose is normally 20 mg
per day.
• For treatment of severe airways obstruction,
the maximum dose of 40 mg per day can only
be given under strict medical supervision in
hospital.
Children aged 4 to 11 years
• T
he starting dose is 2.5 mg taken by wet
inhalation. Their doctor may increase this to
5 mg. Treatment may be repeated up to four
times a day.
• Children should be supervised by a
responsible adult when they are using a
nebuliser.
Children under 4 years of age
• O
ther pharmaceutical forms may be more
appropriate for children under 4 years.
Method of administration
Salamol Steri-Neb MUST be used by inhalation
only and breathed in through the mouth.
The solution MUST NOT be injected or
swallowed.
DO NOT get the solution or mist in your eyes.
You MUST only use Salamol Steri-Neb in a
power-operated nebuliser. The nebuliser turns
the solution into a fine mist that you can breathe
in through your mouth. Read the manufacturer’s
instructions and make sure you know how to use
the nebuliser before you use your medicine.
You can use Salamol Steri-Neb by breathing it in
through a facemask, “T” piece, or breathing tube.
DO NOT use Salamol Steri-Neb if you notice the
solution is cloudy.
Normally, Salamol Steri-Neb solution is used
undiluted. However, if prolonged delivery time of
over 10 minutes is desired, your doctor or nurse
will dilute Salamol Steri-Neb using sterile normal
saline. DO NOT dilute the solution or mix it with
other medicines yourself, unless your doctor has
instructed you to do so.
In most patients, a single dose of Salamol
Steri-Neb is effective for 4 to 6 hours from
administration.
Salamol Steri-Neb should be administered in a
well-ventilated room, as the nebulised drug is
likely to be released into the air.
Instructions for use
• P
repare your nebuliser for use according to
the manufacturer’s instructions.
• Remove a Steri-Neb from the labeled strip by
twisting and pulling (diagram A).
• Hold the Steri-Neb upright and twist off the
cap (diagram B).
• Squeeze the contents into the reservoir of
your nebuliser (diagram C).
• Following the manufacturer’s instructions, use
your nebuliser.
• After you have used your nebuliser, throw
away any solution that is left in the reservoir.
• Clean your nebuliser thoroughly.
A.
B.
C.
Talk to your doctor if you are not sure how to use
Salamol Steri-Neb or the nebuliser.
If your medicine is not working properly
Talk to your doctor if you think your current dose
has become less effective or is short-lasting.
DO NOT change the dose you use, or how often
you use your medicine without speaking to your
doctor first.
If your intense breathing problems do not
improve or get worse following the inhalation,
you might need medical attention (see section 4,
“Possible side effects”).
If you use more Salamol Steri-Neb than you
should
If you (or someone else) swallow(s) or uses a
lot of the solution, or if you think a child has
swallowed or used any of the solution without
supervision, contact your nearest hospital
casualty department or your doctor immediately.
Take this leaflet, any remaining solution, and
the container with you to the hospital or doctor
so that they know what substance has been
consumed or used. An overdose may cause side
effects described in section 4 of this leaflet.
If you forget to use Salamol Steri-Neb
If you forget to take a dose, take your
recommended dose as soon as you remember,
unless it is nearly time to take the next dose.
DO NOT take a double dose to make up for a
forgotten dose.
If you stop using Salamol Steri-Neb
DO NOT stop using your medicine without
talking to your doctor first, even if you feel better.
If you have any further questions on the use
of this product, ask your doctor, pharmacist or
nurse.
4 Possible side effects
Like all medicines, this medicine can cause side
effects, although not everybody gets them.
STOP using the solution and tell your doctor
or go to the casualty department at your
nearest hospital IMMEDIATELY if:
• y
our breathing problems worsen or you
experience wheezing following a dose of
Salamol Steri-Neb
• you have signs of a serious allergic reaction
(swelling of the lips, face or neck leading to
severe difficulty in breathing; skin rash or
hives; low blood pressure leading to collapse)
• lactic acidosis (rapid breathing, shortness of
breath, feeling cold, stomach pain, nausea
and vomiting).
These are very serious but rare side effects.
You may need urgent medical attention or
hospitalisation.
If you suffer from heart disease, tell your doctor
or go to the casualty department at your nearest
hospital IMMEDIATELY if you experience chest
pain or any symptoms of your heart disease
worsening.
Talk to your doctor, pharmacist or nurse if you
experience any of the following side effects:
Common (affecting less than 1 in 10 patients):
• tremor
• headache
• heart rate that exceeds normal resting rate
(tachycardia).
Uncommon (affecting less than 1 in 100 patients):
• palpitations
• mouth and throat irritation
• muscle cramps.
Rare (affecting less than 1 in 1,000 patients):
• low levels of potassium in the blood
(hypokalaemia)
• flushing or redness of the face or skin,
increased blood flow to your extremities
(peripheral vasodilatation).
Very rare (affecting less than 1 in 10,000 patients):
• rapid and irregular heart beat (atrial
fibrillation)
• rapid heart rhythm due to improper electrical
activity of the heart (supraventricular
tachycardia)
• premature electrical impulse in the heart,
generated above the level of the heart
chamber called ventricle (supraventricular
extrasystoles)
• hyperactivity. In addition, children up to 12
years of age may experience the state of
overexcitement, sleeping problems, and
hallucinations.
Frequency not known:
• decreased blood flow to the parts of the heart,
usually caused by narrowing or blocking of
blood vessels (myocardial ischaemia).
Reporting of side effects
If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor,
pharmacist or nurse. This includes any possible
side effects not listed in this leaflet. You can
also report side effects directly via HPRA
Pharmacovigilance, Earlsfort Terrace, IRL - Dublin
2; Tel: +353 1 6764971; Fax: +353 1 6762517.
Website: www.hpra.ie; E-mail: [email protected]
ie. By reporting side effects you can help provide
more information on the safety of this medicine.
5 How to store Salamol Steri-Neb
Keep out of the reach and sight of children.
Do not store above 25°C. Do not refrigerate or
freeze. Keep container in outer carton to protect
from light.
For single use only. Once opened, use
immediately. Discard any unused portion.
Do not use this medicine after the expiry date,
which is stated on the carton and on each SteriNeb unit after EXP. The expiry date refers to the
last day of that month.
DO NOT use Salamol Steri-Neb if you notice the
solution is cloudy.
Medicines should not be disposed of via
wastewater or household waste. Ask your
pharmacist how to dispose of medicines no
longer required. These measures will help to
protect the environment.
6 Contents of the pack and other
information
What Salamol Steri-Neb Nebuliser Solution
contains:
• The
active ingredient is salbutamol sulphate.
Each Steri-Neb ampoule contains 2.5 ml of
a solution that is equivalent to 2.5 mg of
salbutamol (1 mg/ml).
• The other ingredients are sodium chloride,
dilute sulphuric acid (for pH adjustment), and
water for injections.
What Salamol Steri-Neb Nebuliser Solution
looks like and contents of the pack:
A unit dose, blow molded, hermetically sealed,
low-density polyethylene Steri-Neb ampoule,
containing 2.5 ml of solution. Clear, colourless to
pale yellow, aqueous solution.
Steri-Nebs are packed into foil laminate pouches,
containing strips of 5 Steri-Nebs per pouch.
Available in cartons of 20 and 100 Steri-Nebs. Not
all pack sizes may be marketed.
Marketing Authorisation Holder and
Manufacturer
Marketing Authorisation Holder:
Norton Healthcare Ltd T/A
IVAX Pharmaceuticals UK
Ridings Point
Whistler Drive
Castleford
West Yorkshire
WF10 5HX
United Kingdom
Manufacturer:
IVAX Pharmaceuticals UK
Aston Lane North
Whitehouse Lane Industrial Estate
Preston Brook,Runcorn
Cheshire
WA7 3FA
United Kingdom.
This leaflet was last revised in June 2016.
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