geography scheme form 1

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GEOGRAPHY SCHEMES OF WORK
FORM ONE 2014
TERM I
REFERENCES:
1.
KLB Secondary Geography
2.
Certificate Geography Students Book
3.
Teacher’s Book
4.
Gateway Secondary
5.
Comprehensive Secondary Geography
6.
Focus on Geography
1
WK
LSN
TOPIC
SUB-TOPIC
1-4
5
L/ACTIVITIES
L/T AIDS
REFERENCE REMARKS
Photographs
Local
environment
KLB BK1 Pg 1-2
Maps
Photographs
A globe
Local
environment
Atlases
Charts
Maps
Local
environments
Atlas
Text books
KLB BK1 Pg 2
Textbooks
Atlas
Well maps
Resource person
KLB BK1 Pg 3-6
REPORTING
1
2
3
6
OBJECTIVES
1
Introduction to
Geography
Introduction
Definition of geography
and environment
Origin of terms
Geography
Environment
Components of the
environment
Introduction to
Geography
Branches of Geography
Introduction to
Geography
Importance of studying
Geography
Introduction to
Geography
Relationship between,
Geography and other
disciplines
Earth and solar
system
Composition of the solar
system
By the end of the lesson, the learner
should be able to
Define terms geography and environment
Explain the origin of Geography and
environment
Describe the components of environment
By the end of the lesson, the learner
should be able to
Identify branches of Geography
Define physical geography
Identify branches of physical Geography
Define and identify branches of human
geography
By the end of the lesson, the learner
should be able to:
Explain the importance of studying
Geography
By the end of the lesson, the learner
should be able to:
Identify the relationship between
geography and other disciplines
Defining the terms
Geography and
environment
Explaining the origin of
geography and
environment
Identifying compounds
of the environment
Naming branches of
Geography
Defining the branches of
Geography
Identifying branches of
Human & Physical
Geography
Explaining the
importance of
Geography
Taking notes
Discussing importance
of studying Geography
Identifying and
explaining the
relationship between
geography and other
disciplines
Discussing these
relationships
Taking notes
Asking and answering
questions
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 1
Certificate BK1
Pg 1
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 2-5
Certificate BK1
Pg 2-3
KLB BK1 Pg 2-3
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 6-7
Certificate BK1
Pg 5-6
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 7-10
Certificate BK1
Pg 5-6
KLB BK1
2
By the end of the lesson, the learner
should be able to:
Define solar system
Describe the composition of the solar
2
Demonstrating
Discussing
Expositions
Drawing diagrams and
Globe
Atlases
Well maps
Text books
Pg 7-12
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 11-14
Certificate BK1
Pg 7-11
sketches
Satellite photos
Earth and solar
system
Theories that explain the
origin of and the
formation of the earth
By the end of the lesson, the learner
should be able to
Explain the origin of the earth
Describe origin, size, shape and position
of the earth in the solar system
Oral expositions
(explanation)
Demonstrations
Class discussion
Asking and answering
questions
Globe
Satellite
Photos
Wall maps
KLB BK1
Earth and Solar
system
Rotation and revolution
of the earth
By the end of the lesson, the learner
should be able to:
Explain how the earth rotates round its
axis
Explain how the earth revolves round the
sun
Explain the effects of earth’s rotation
Explain the effects of earth’s revolution
Demonstrating
Class discussion
Group work
Drawing diagrams and
sketching
Taking notes
Explain rotation and
revolution of the earth
Globe
Atlases
Wall maps
Local
environment
KLB BK1
2
Earth and solar
system
Longitudes and time
Calculation of time
By the end of the lesson, the learner
should be able to
Calculate time using longitudes
Calculating time
Calculating distance
Group work
observing
wall maps
globe
atlases
encyclopedia
teacher’s Guide
3
Earth and solar
system
Internal structure of the
earth (earth’s crust)
By the end of the lesson, the learner
should be able to:
Describe the structure if the earth
Explain the characteristics of earth’s
crust
Discussing
Drawing
Diagrams
Demonstrating
Globe
Student’s book
Encyclopedia
Pg 21-22
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 28-31
Certificate BK1
Pg 18-19
1
Earth and solar
system
The core (bar sphere)
By the end of the lesson, the learner
should be able to
Explain the characteristics and structure
of the core
Drawing diagrams and
sketching
Discussing
Making and taking notes
Working in groups
Teacher’s guide
Local
environment
Globe
Display board
KLB BK1 Pg 23
Earth and solar
system
External structure of the
earth (hydro-sphere)
Atlas
Wall maps
Student’s book
Satellite photos
KLB BK1
3
7
system
1
Pg 12-16
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 15-20
Certificate BK1
Pg 10-13
Pg 17-18
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 28-31,
22-24
Certificate BK1
Pg13-15
KLB BK1
Pg 19-20
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 27-28
Certificate BK1
Pg 15-17
KLB BK1
8
2
By the end of the lesson, the learner
Drawing/sketching
should be able to
Describe the structure of the hydrosphere Explaining (oral
explanation)
Summarizing
3
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 31
Certificate BK1
Pg 20
Pg 22
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 31-32
Certificate BK1
Pg 18
Earth and solar
system
Atmosphere
Troposphere
Stratosphere
Me-sphere
Thermosphere
Exosphere
By the end of the lesson, the learner
should be able to
Describe the structure of hydrosphere
Explaining (oral
explanation)
Making and taking notes
Working in groups
sketching
student’s book
Supplementary
library reading
Wall maps
Atlas
1
Weather
Meaning of weather
Meaning of climate
By the end of the lesson, the learner
should be able to:
Define the term weather
Differentiate between weather and
climate
Class discussion
Making and taking notes
Weather
Charts
Students book
2
Weather
Elements of weather
By the end of the lesson, the learner
should be able to:
State the elements of weather
3
Weather
Factors influencing
temperatures in the
surface of the earth
Latitudes
Length of the day
Altitude
Factors influencing
weather
Distance from the sea
Winds
Cloud cover
Aspect
Atmosphere pressure
3
KLB BK1
Pg 22
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 32-33
Certificate BK1
Pg 18
KLB BK1
9
10
1
Weather
Pg 24
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 34
Certificate BK1
Pg 21
KLB BK1 Pg 24
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 34
Certificate BK1
Pg 23-27
Observing local weather
elements
Discussing
Explaining
demonstrating
Resource person
Weather chars
Teachers Guide
By the end of the day, the learner should
be able to:
Explain factors that influence
temperatures on the earth’s surface
Making and taking notes
Working in a group
summarizing
wall maps
Weather
charts
KLB BK1
By the end of the lesson, the earner
should be able to
Describe factors that influence weather
Explaining (oral
expositions)
Drawing diagrams and
sketches
Class discussion
Weather charts
Text books
School based
weather station
KLB BK1
Pg 24-25
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 35-36
Certificate BK1
Pg 24-26
Pg 45-46
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 36-37
Certificate BK1
Pg 27-30
KLB BK1
2
Weather
Distribution of pressure
system
Characteristics of winds
By the end of the lesson, the learner
should be able to:
Detail the distribution of pressure system
Identify the types of clouds
Demonstrating
Observing level wings
Observing clouds in the
sky
Wall maps
Atlas
Weather charts
Teachers Guide
Pg 30-31
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 35-39
Certificate BK1
Pg 31-44
3
Weather
I.T.C.2
By the end of the lesson ,the learner
Drawing diagrams
Satellite photos
KLB BK1 Pg 30
4
Effects of wind
Land and sea breeze
should be able to:
Analyze the effects of wind and explain
the workings of a land and a sea breeze
Explain land and sea
breeze
Cup counter
Anemometer
Weather charts
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 39-44
Certificate BK1
Pg 42-43
Mountain and valley
winds
Humidity
By the end of the lesson, the learner
should be able to:
Explain how valley winds originate and
move
Define humidity
Drawing sketches
Class discussion
Taking and making
notes
Weather charts
Text books
By the end of the lesson, the learner
should be able to:
Identify various forms of precipitation
Define cyclonic rain fall
Oral expositions
Demonstrating
Students discussing
Drawing sketches
KLB BK1
Teacher’s guide
Pg 26-28
Weather charts
Relevant pictures Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 47, 51
Certificate BK1
Pg 29-30
Satellite
Photographs
Weather charts
Maps
Student’s book
Weather station
Stevenson’s
Screen
Pictures of
weather
instruments
Simple weather
instruments e.g
wind vane, rain
gauge,
hygrometer,
barometer e.t.c
KLB BK1
11
1
Weather
2
Weather
3
Weather
Convectional rainfall
Orographic rainfall
By the end of the lesson, the learner
should be able to
State the characteristics of convectional
and orographic rainfall
Drawing sketches
Observing local weather
1
Weather
Study of weather station
By the end of the lesson, the learner
should be able to
Carry out a field study of a weather
station
Drawing sketches and
diagrams
Observing weather
instruments
Precipitation
Dew
Fog
Mist
Hail
Rainfall (cyclonic
rainfall)
Pg 36-37
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 45-46
Certificate BK1
Pg 26-27
KLB BK1
12
2
Weather
Weather station –
Stevenson’s screen
Factors for citing a
weather station
By the end of the lesson, the learner
should be able to:
Explain factors that influence citing of a
weather station
Drawing sketches and
diagrams
Observing weather
instruments
3
Weather
Description of the
structure and
composition of the
atmosphere
By the end of the lesson, the learner
should be able to:
Describe the structure of the atmosphere
Describe the composition of the
atmosphere
Taking and making
notes
Asking and answering
questions
Drawing diagrams
Pg 27-28
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 49-50
Certificate BK1
Pg 30-31
KLB BK1
Pg 43-45
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 45-46
Certificate BK1
Pg 30-31
KLB BK1
Pg 32-34
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 42-51
Certificate BK1
Pg 22-23
KLB BK1
Resource person
Globe
Satellite
Photographs
Pg 32-40
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 49-50
Certificate BK1
Pg 51-54
KLB BK1
5
13
1
Weather
Measuring elements of
weather
Pressure
Temperature
humidity
By the end of the lesson, the learner
should be able to:
explain how weather measuring
instruments function
Taking notes and
making notes
Predicting the weather
discussing
Weather
instruments
Pictures of
weather
Instruments
Pg 41-43
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 56-60
Certificate BK1
Pg 45-51
2
Weather
Weather focusing
Traditional methods
Modern methods
By the end of the lesson, the learner
should be able to:
Explain how weather focusing is carried
out
Analyzing weather data
and making conclusions
Weather charts
Weather station
Satellite photos
Pg 43-45
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 66-67
Certificate BK1
Pg 54-55
3
Weather
By the end of the lesson, the learner
should be able to:
describe the weather conditions
calculate and record weather conditions
Calculating of the
average analyzing
weather data and making
conclusions
Student’s book
Teachers guide
Satellite
Photographs
KLB BK1
KLB BK1
14
15
Calculating and
recording weather
conditions
Rainfall
Temperature
Pressure
humidity
END OF TERM EXAMINATIONS
PREPARATION OF REPORTS AND CLOSING
6
Pg 39-40
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 60-62
Certificate BK1
Pg 55-57
GEOGRAPHY SCHEMES OF WORK
FORM ONE 2014
TERM II
REFERENCES:
1.
KLB Secondary Geography
2.
Certificate Geography Students Book
3.
Teacher’s Book
4.
Gateway Secondary
5.
Comprehensive Secondary Geography
6.
Focus on Geography
7
WK
LSN
1
1-3
2
1
TOPIC
SUB-TOPIC
OBJECTIVES
L/ACTIVITIES
L/T AIDS
REFERENCE REMARKS
REPORTING AND REVISION OF LAST TERM’S EXAMS
Statistical methods Definitions of statistics
Types of statistical data
Usage of statistics
By the end of the lesson, the learner
should be able to:
Define the term statistics
Identify types and sources of statistical
data
State the uses of statistics
Explaining the meaning Figures obtained
of statistics
from a statistical
Discussing the types of
abstract
statistical data
Discussing the sources of
the statistical data
KLB BK1
Pg 49-50
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 36-38
Certificate BK1
Pg 61-63
KLB BK1
Pg 49-50
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 75
Certificate BK1
Pg 63
2
Statistical methods Sources of statistical data By the end of the lesson, the learner
Primary sources
should be able to:
Secondary sources
Identify primary and secondary sources of
statistical data
Visiting the field and
interviewing resource
persons or observing
phenomena directly and
recording the information
Statistical abstract
Any statistical
figures
Field obtained data
3
Statistical Methods Methods of data
collection
Observation
Interview
Questionnaire
Methods of data
Statistical methods collection
The measurement method
Sampling types
Random
Systematic
stratified
Methods of recording
Statistical methods data
Field sketching
Tallying
Tabulation
Photography
Video taping notes taking
By the end of the lesson, the learner
should be able to:
Identify and describe methods of
collecting and recording data
Visiting the fields
Discussing
Designing of
questionnaires
Field obtained data Pg 50-52
Comprehensive
Questionnaires
BK1 Pg 76-79
schedules
Certificate BK1
Pg 63-64
By the end of the lesson, the learner
should be able to
identify the measurement method
identify and describe the types of
sampling
taking and making notes
discussing
scores on a
geographical test
in class
By the end of the lesson, the learner
should be able to:
Analyze and interpret data collected
Discussing various
methods of data
recording such as note
taking photography e.t.c
Field obtained data KLB BK1
Pg 55-57
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 83-85
Certificate BK1
Pg 64
Statistical methods Methods of analyzing
data
By the end of the lesson, the learner
should be able to:
discussing methods of
metrological
analyzing their merits and statistics for a
KLB BK1
3
1
2
KLB BK1
Pg 53-54
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 80-82
Certificate BK1
Pg 63
KLB BK1
3
8
Pg 57-59
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 85-88
Mean
Medium
Mode
Percentage
Frequency distribution
range
Analyze and interpret data collected
demerits
specific station on Certificate BK1
rainfall and
Pg 64-66
temperature
1
Statistical methods Data representation
Line graph
Bar graph
Combined line and bar
graph (polygraph)
By the end of the lesson, the learner
should be able to:
Present statistical data by use of
appropriate graphical methods
Drawing of each graph
using data provided
Graph papers
Provide climatic
statistics for any
specific station to
plot graph
2
Statistical Methods Simple wind rose
By the end of the lesson, the learner
should be able to:
Present statistical data using a simple
wind rose
Drawing of simple rose
using statistical data
presented
Provide figures
from a statistical
abstract to draw a
simple wind rose
3
Statistical Methods Advantages and
disadvantages of each
method of data
presentation
By the end of the lesson, the learner
should be able to:
State the advantages and disadvantages of
the statistical methods
Discussing the
advantages and
disadvantages of graphs
as a means of presenting
data
Class discussion
Student’s book
1
Maps and Map
Work
Definitions of pictures,
plans and maps
By the end of the lesson, the learner
should be able to
Define the terms picture, plan and map
Drawing a simple plan of Drawings of
the classroom
simple plans and
Drawing a simple plan of sketch maps
a school compound
2
Map and map
work
Types of maps
Atlas
Topographical sketch
By the end of the lesson, the learner
should be able to
Identify the different types of maps
Discussion on the types
of maps and types of
scales
3
Maps and map
work
Uses of different maps
By the end of the lesson, the learner
should be able to
Identify different uses of maps
© Education Plus Agencies
Taking and making notes Topographical
Explain the uses of maps maps
KLB BK1
4
Pg 59-64
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 88-89
Certificate BK1
Pg 66-73
KLB BK1 Pg 65
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 92-93
Certificate BK1
Pg 73-74
KLB BK1
Pg 59-65
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 88-93
Certificate BK1
Pg 66-74
KLB BK1
5
Atlas
Topographical
maps
Student’s book
Pg 66-68
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 95-96
Certificate BK1
Pg 75
KLB BK1 Pg 69
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 96-97
Certificate BK1
Pg 76
KLB BK1
9
Pg 69-70
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 97
Certificate BK1
Pg 77
6
KLB BK1
By the end of the lesson, the learner
should be able to
Identify different marginal information
found in the margin of a map
Learner s viewing various Topographical
information on select
maps
maps
Student’s book
1
Map and map
work
Marginal information
The key
The scale
The compass
The frame
2
Maps and Map
work
Maps scale
Representative fraction
linear
By the end of the lesson, the learner
should be able to:
identify the different types of maps
discussing on types of
maps and types of scales
classroom discussion
3
Maps and map
work
Conversion of scale
R.F to statement scale
R.F to linear scale
By the end of the lesson, the learner
should be able to:
Perform conversion of the scales
Drawing single sketches Topographical
of scales
maps
Practicing how to convert
scales
1
Maps and map
work
Sizes of scales
Small scale
Medium scale
Large scale
By the end of the lesson, the learner
Discussion on sizes of the Topographical
should be able to:
scales
maps
State and explain the different sizes of the
Student’s book
scales
2
Maps and Map
work
Uses of scales
By the end of the lesson, the learner
should be able to:
Identify and explain the different uses of
scales
3
Maps and Map
work
Distances on maps
Measuring distances
along a straight line
Using a paper edge
Using a pair of dividers
By the end of the lesson, the learner
Practicing how to
Topographical
should be able to:
measure distance between maps
Measure distance using different methods places on maps
1
Maps and Map
work
Calculating areas on map By the end of the lesson, the learner
Regular shapes
should be able to:
Calculate features in maps using scales
Pg 70-73
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 97-98
Certificate BK1
Pg 77-80
KLB BK1
provide
topographical
maps to learners
Pg 73-74
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 99-100
Certificate BK1
Pg 81-82
KLB BK1
Pg 74-75
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 100-101
Certificate BK1
Pg 82
KLB BK1
7
Pg 75-76
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 101
Certificate BK1
Pg 83
KLB BK1
Identifying and
explaining the different
uses of scales
Topographical
maps
Pg 76-77
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 102
Certificate BK1
Pg 84-86
KLB BK1
8
Practicing how to
calculate areas of certain
features on maps
Student’s book
Topographical
maps
Pg 77-79
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 102-105
Certificate BK1
Pg 84
KLB BK1 Pg 79
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 105
Certificate BK1
Pg 87-89
KLB BK1
10
9
Practicing law
Calculate areas of
irregular shapes
Teacher’s guide
Topographical
maps
Importance of field work By the end of the lesson, the learner
should be able to
Explain the importance of field work
Explaining and
describing methods of
collecting data e.g
Observation
Internal questionnaire
Resource person
Lesson notes
Student’s book
Field work
Field work procedure
By the end of the lesson, the learner
should be able to
Explain the procedure to be followed
during fieldwork
Preparing objectives and
hypothesis required for
field study
Student’s book
Teacher’s guide
1
Field work
Formulating hypothesis
Reconnaissance
By the end of the lesson, the learner
should be able to:
Explain the procedure to be followed
during field work
2
Field work
Preparation for field work By the end of the lesson, the learner
should be able to:
Prepare on how to carry out field study
Preparing hypothesis and Formulated
carrying out
hypothesis
reconnaissance study
Student’s book
Teacher’s guide
Students reading about
the topic of study from
The field e.g local
relevant books
environment
Gathering equipment,
tool, route maps and
guiding questions
3
Field work
Problems encountered
during fieldwork
2
Maps and map
work
Finding the areas of
irregular shapes
Grid squares method
Geometry method
By the end of the lesson, the learner
should be able to
Calculate areas using strips and graph
methods
3
Maps and Map
work
Strips method
Graphs paper method
By the end of the lesson, the learner
should be able to
Calculate areas using strips and graph
methods
1
Field work
Definition of field work
Types of field work
By the end of the lesson, the learner
should be able to:
Define the term fieldwork
Identify types of fieldwork
2
Field work
3
Pg 79-80
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 105-106
Certificate BK1
Pg 89-90
KLB BK1 Pg 80
Practicing how to
Transparent graph Comprehensive
calculate areas of
papers to enable
BK1 Pg 107-108
irregular shapes by graph learners to
Certificate BK1
and strips
calculate areas
Pg 90
Discussing types of field
KLB BK1 Pg 82
work
Resource person
Comprehensive
Oral exposition
Student’s book
BK1 Pg 105
Defining fieldwork
Lesson notes
Certificate BK1
Asking and answering
Pg 91-92
questions
KLB BK1
Pg 82-83
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 110-111
Certificate BK1
Pg 92-93
KLB BK1
10
Pg 83-85
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 111
Certificate BK1
Pg 93-95
KLB BK1 Pg 87
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 112-114
Certificate BK1
Pg 94-95
KLB BK1
Pg 85-88
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 115
Certificate BK1
Pg 94-96
KLB BK1
By the end of the lesson, the learner
should be able to
11
Classroom discussion
Oral expositions
class notes
Student’s book
Pg 87-88
Comprehensive
Mention some of the possible problems
encountered in the field and how to cope
with them
Taking and making notes
Making notes
Drawing sketches and
simple maps and
formulating hypothesis
BK1 Pg 115
Certificate BK1
Pg 102-103
KLB BK1
11
12
13
14
1
Field work
Sample studies
By the end of the lesson, the learner
should be able to:
Identify a suitable topic of study and
formulate questionnaires and hypothesis
2
Field work
Field work within the
local environment
By the end of the lesson, the learner
should be able to:
Carry out reconnaissance pre-visit study
of field work
3
Field work
Field work within the
local environment
By the end of the lesson, the learner
should be able to:
Visit the field ,take notes, draw sketches
interviews and photographs
Student’s to actively
involve themselves in
fieldwork
Interviewing resource
persons while in the
fields
Involvement in the field
work by note-taking
sketching
Compiling of a
comprehensive field
report from the field
TOPICAL REVISION
END TERM EXAMS
PREPARATION OF REPORTS AND CLOSING
12
The field (local
environment)
Compass
Clinometers
Pg 89-92
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 115-116
Certificate BK1
Pg 100-102
KLB BK1
The field (local
environment
Magnetic compass
Clinometers
Pg 89-92
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 115-116
Certificate BK1
Pg 100-102
KLB BK1
The field (local
environment)
Magnetic compass
Relevant
stationary
Pg 89-92
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 115-116
Certificate BK1
Pg 100-102
GEOGRAPHY SCHEMES OF WORK
FORM ONE 2014
TERM III
REFERENCES:
1.
KLB Secondary Geography
2.
Certificate Geography Students Book
3.
Teacher’s Book
4.
Gateway Secondary
5.
Comprehensive Secondary Geography
6.
Focus on Geography
13
WK
1
LSN
TOPIC
SUB-TOPIC
OBJECTIVES
L/ACTIVITIES
L/T AIDS
REFERENCE REMARKS
REPORTING AND REVISION OF LAST TERM’S EXAMS
1-3
KLB BK1
2
1
Minerals and
Rocks
Definition of minerals
and rocks
2
Minerals and rocks Characteristics of
minerals
By the end of the lesson, the learner
should be able to:
Define rocks and minerals
Defining the terms
mineral and rocks
Classroom discussion
Rock samples
Geological maps
Student’s book
Discussion on the various
characteristics of
minerals
Making and taking notes
Drawing sketch
Asking and answering
questions
Discussing the various
By the end of the lesson, the learner
modes of formation of
Resource person
should be able to:
igneous rocks
as a geologist
Classify intrusive igneous rocks according Classifying igneous rocks
to the mode of formation
Oral exposition
Class debating
By the end of the lesson, the learner
should be able to:
State the characteristics of minerals
Pg 94-95
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 119
Certificate BK1
Pg 105
KLB BK1
Pg 95-96
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 119-120
Certificate BK1
Pg 105-106
KLB BK1
Pg 96-97
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 120-122
Certificate BK1
Pg 106-107
3
Minerals and rocks Rocks
Igneous rocks (intrusive)
1
Minerals and
Rocks
Igneous rocks (extrusive) By the end of the lesson, the learner
should be able to:
Classify extrusive igneous rocks
Making and taking notes
Exposition
Discussion on the
extrusive rocks
Rocks specimens
Geological maps
Photographs of
rocks
2
Minerals and
Rocks
Sedimentary rocks
Mechanically formed
Organically formed
Chemically formed
By the end of the lesson, the learner
should be able to
Explain sedimentary rocks
Making and taking notes
Discussion
Listening and exposition
Asking and answering
questions
Student’s books
Rock specimens
Pg 100-102
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 124-128
Certificate BK1
Pg 109-110
3
Minerals and rocks Metamorphic rocks
Dynamic metamorphism
Thermal dynamic
metamorphism
By the end of the lesson, the learner
should be able to:
Explain dynamic and thermal dynamic
metamorphism
Making and taking notes
Explaining rock
formation by
metamorphism
Describing process of
Geological maps
Teacher’s guide
Rock specimens
KLB BK1
KLB BK1
3
Pg 98-99
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 122-128
Certificate BK1
Pg 107-108
KLB BK1
14
Pg 102-103
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 128-130
Certificate BK1
metamorphism
4
5
1
Mineral and Rocks Thermal metamorphism
By the end of the lesson, the learner
should be able to:
Classify and explain rocks formed by
thermal metamorphism
Pg 111
Local environment
Taking and making notes Teacher’s Guide
Demonstration
Diagrams and
photographs of
rocks formed by
thermal
metamorphism
Classroom discussion on
rock classification
Oral exposition
demonstrating
Asking and answering
questions
Discussion on the
characteristics of rocks
Stating the characteristics
of rocks
Drawing a sketch of map
of Kenya
Asking and answering
questions
Discussion the
distribution of rocks
Making and taking notes
Oral exposition
Drawing diagrams of
rocks
Discussing the
distribution of rocks
Taking and making notes
rock specimen
Geological maps
KLB BK1
Pg 102-103
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 128-130
Certificate BK1
Pg 111
KLB BK1 Pg 103
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 133
Certificate BK1
Pg 11-113
2
Minerals and rocks Classification of rocks by By the end of the lesson, the learner
age
should be able to:
Classify rocks according to age
3
Minerals and
Rocks
Characteristics of rocks
By the end of the lesson, the learner
should be able to:
State the characteristics of rocks
1
Minerals and
Rocks
Distribution of rocks
types in Kenya
By the end of the lesson, the learner
should be able to:
Account for the distribution of major
types of rocks in Kenya
2
Minerals and
Rocks
Distribution of Rocks
types in Kenya
By the end of the lesson, the learner
should be able to:
Account for the distribution of rocks in
Kenya
3
Minerals and
Rocks
Significance of Rocks
By the end of the lesson, the learner
should be able to:
Explain the significance of rocks
Taking and making notes Sample of rocks
Oral exposition
Teachers Guide
Class debating
Student’s Book
Explaining usefulness of
rocks
Pg 106-109
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 135
Certificate BK1
Pg 114-116
1
Minerals and
Rocks
Field work
By the end of the lesson, the learner
should be able to:
Identify major types of rocks and their
Collecting rock samples
from local environment
Identifying and
KLB BK1 Pg 109
KLB BK1
Local environment
Diagrams and
photographs of
rocks
Rock specimens
Pg 102-104
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 132-134
Certificate BK1
Pg 113
KLB BK1
Atlas
Geological maps
Diagrams and
photographs of
different rocks
Pg 104-106
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 134
Certificate BK1
Pg 113-114
KLB BK1
Atlas
Geological maps
Diagrams and
Photographs of
different rocks
Pg 104-106
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 134
Certificate BK1
Pg 113-114
KLB BK1
6
15
Rock samples
(specimens from
the field)
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 135
uses within the local environment
7
2
Minerals and
Rocks
Practical work
3
Minerals and Rock Assessment
1
Mining
Definition of mining
2
Mining
Factors influencing
mining
classifying them
Rock samples
Displaying fully labeled Photographs of
rock samples
rocks
Identifying types of rocks Pictures and
diagrams of rocks
Quizzes
By the end of the lesson, the learner
Tackling an exercise
Exercise from
should be able to:
student’s book
Correctly answer the questions asked
Drawings
Relevant
stationery
Samples of
By the end of the lesson, the learner
Defining mining
minerals
should be able to:
Taking and making notes Pictures of
Define mining
Class discussion on
minerals
mining
Lesson notes
Oral exposition
By the end of the lesson, the learner
Making and taking notes Charts on minerals
should be able to
Describing the
Pictures and
Explain factors influencing the occurrence occurrence of minerals
diagrams of
of minerals
Identifying factors that
minerals
influence mineral
occurrences
By the end to the lesson, the learner
should be able to:
Do practical work, identify and collect
rock samples
Certificate BK1
Pg 116
KLB BK1 Pg 109
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 135
Certificate BK1
Pg 116
KLB BK1
Pg 109
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 136
Certificate BK1
Pg 116
KLB BK1 Pg 110
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 137
Certificate BK1
Pg 117
KLB BK1
Pg 110-111
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 137-138
Certificate BK1
Pg 117
KLB BK1
3
Mining
Factors influencing
exploitation of mining
By the end of the lesson, the learner
should be able to:
Explain factors influencing the
exploitation of minerals
Stating factors that
influence mineral
exploitation
Taking and making notes
Explaining terms
Photographs of
minerals
Teachers Guide
Lesson notes
1
Mining
Mining methods ( surface By the end of the lesson, the learner
mining)
should be able to:
Describe surface mining as a method of
mining
Describing surface
Charts on surface
mining
mining
Taking and making notes Lesson notes
Classroom discussion on
surface mining
2
Mining
Methods of mining
(underground mining)
Describing the
underground mining
Taking and making notes
Listing various methods
Pg 111-112
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 138-140
Certificate BK1
Pg 118-119
KLB BK1
8
Pg 112-113
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 141-143
Certificate BK1
Pg 119-120
KLB BK1
By the end of the lesson, the learner
should be able to:
Describe underground mining
16
Charts on
underground
mining
Lesson notes
Pg 113-115
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 143-145
Certificate BK1
3
Mining
Distribution of major
minerals in East Africa
1
Mining
Distribution of major
minerals in East Africa
2
Mining
Significance of minerals
in Kenya
3
Mining
1
Mining
2
3
By the end of the lesson, the learner
should be able to
Account for the distribution of minerals in
Kenya
of underground mining
Drawing a map showing
the location of major
minerals in Kenya
Making notes and taking
them
Asking and answering
questions
Pg 119
Atlas
Lesson notes
Geological map
Charts
KLB BK1
Pg 116-118
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 145-147
Certificate BK1
Pg 120-122
KLB BK1
9
10
By the end of the lesson, the learner
should be able to:
Account for the distribution of minerals in
Kenya
Explaining the various
Atlas
localities where minerals Geological maps
are found
Charts on minerals
Locating the mineral sites
Discussing the
importance of minerals in
Kenya
Oral exposition
Asking and answering
questions
Describing the problems
Problems facing the
By the end of the lesson, the learner
facing mining in Kenya
mining industry in Kenya should be able to:
Oral exposition
Account for the problems facing the
Discussion on the
mining industry in Kenya
problems facing mining
industries in Kenya
Illustrating the
Trona mining in lake
By the end of the lesson, the learner
occurrence of soda ash in
Magadi
should be able to:
lake Magadi
Describe the occurrence of exploitation of Drawing sketch
Trona in lake Magadi
Asking and answering
questions
Newspaper
cuttings in
minerals
Lesson notes
Products of
minerals
Mining
Gold mining in South
Africa
Locating the main areas
of gold in south Africa
Drawing sketch diagrams
Asking and answering
questions
Atlas
Lesson notes
Maps charts on
Gold in S.A
Teacher’s guide
Mining
Diamond mining in South By the end of the lesson, the learner
Africa
should be able to:
Describe the occurrence and exploitation
Identifying areas rich in
diamonds
Drawing diagrams and
Maps
Charts
Lesson notes
By the end of the lesson, the learner
should be able to:
Explain the economic importance of
minerals in Kenya
Pg 116-117
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 145-147
Certificate BK1
Pg 122-132
KLB BK1
Pg 115-116
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 147-149
Certificate BK1
Pg 133
KLB BK1
Lesson notes
Teachers guide
Student’s book
Pg 118-120
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 149-153
Certificate BK1
Pg 133-137
KLB BK1
Maps
Charts student’s
book
Pg 120-121
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 153-154
Certificate BK1
Pg 122-123
KLB BK1
By the end of the lesson, the learner
should be able to:
Describe and explain the occurrence and
exploitation of Gold in south Africa
Pg 121-123
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 155-157
Certificate BK1
Pg 126-128
KLB BK1
17
Pg 123-125
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 155-157
11
12
of diamonds in South Africa
sketches
Student’s
Discussion of the
problems facing mining
in South Africa
Taking and making notes
Asking and answering
questions
Student’s Book
Newspaper
cuttings
Films
Class notes
1
Mining
Problems and
contributions of mining
in S.A
By the end of the lesson, the learner
should be able to:
Account for the problems facing mining
in South Africa
2
Mining
Petroleum mining in the
Middle East
By the end of the lesson, the learner
should be able to:
Describe the occurrence of petroleum and
its exploitation in the middle East
3
Mining
Contribution and
problems facing oil
industry in middle East
Asking and answering
questions
Discussion on the
occurrence
Making and taking notes
Explaining the
By the end of the lesson, the learner
importance of petroleum
should be able to
to the middle East
Explain the contribution of petroleum to
Making notes
economy of the Middle East
Discussion on the
contribution of oil in the
Middle East
END OF YEAR EXAMINATIONS
18
Certificate BK1
Pg 125
KLB BK1 Pg 125
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 156-159
Certificate BK1
Pg 133-136
Teacher’s guide
Newspaper
cuttings
Student’s book
Maps
:Lesson notes
KLB BK1
Lesson notes
Student’s book
Teacher’s book
Pictures and
photographs of
industry
KLB BK1
Pg 125-129
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 160-162
Certificate BK1
Pg 136
Pg 129-131
Comprehensive
BK1 Pg 162-163
Certificate BK1
Pg 137-138

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