Concepts and Exercises

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CHAPTER 10
Cognitive Abilities
CONCEPTS AND EXERCISES
Defining Intelligence
Completing this exercise should help you to achieve Learning Objectives 18, 19, 20, 21, and 24.
Following is a conversation among several professors who want to found a new university. They are
arguing about what admission requirements would ensure that only the brightest students attended their
school. Determine which approach each professor would use to study intelligence and who generated
the original ideas behind those approaches. Choose your answers from the list following the
conversations. Answers can be used more than once.
1.
Pedro: I think we should have several tests: one for language, one for musical abilities including
dancing, one for analytical skills, and one for personal knowledge. (Pedro would follow the
_______________ approach as suggested by _______________.)
2.
Pam: How many engineers do you know who can do the polka? I think we should give
prospective students a general intelligence test and look at the correlations among the
various subscales to see how high their g is. (Pam would follow the _______________
approach as suggested by _______________.)
3.
Steve: g doesn’t explain all the available data. Besides, we could end up admitting someone with a
high g who doesn’t have many of the primary mental abilities, such as reasoning, spatial
visualization, perceptual ability, memory, and verbal fluency and comprehension. (Steve
would follow the _______________ approach as suggested by _______________.)
4.
Elena: Let’s get down to what counts. I know primary mental abilities are necessary for success,
but that’s not all there is to it. We should look for students who can approach problems
with fresh, new ideas and who can adapt and function in the real world when there may be
no readily available “right” answers. (Elena would follow the _______________ approach
as suggested by _______________.)
5.
Leigh: We really need to find people who can think creatively. I know a ton of dull but brilliant
people. Let’s ask students to produce a film on what would happen if all higher-level
education were banned by the government and decide on the basis of that. (Leigh wants to
test for _______________.)
a.
Sternberg
b.
Divergent thinking
c.
Gardner
d.
Psychometric theory
e.
Spearman
f.
Thurstone
g.
Multiple intelligences
h.
Triarchic theory
The Testing Business
Completing this exercise should help you to achieve Learning Objectives 7, 8, 9, 10, and 17.
Sean Dorgan has recently begun a testing service. Following are some descriptions of his activities. Fill
in the blank with the correct term by either choosing from the list at the end of the exercise or recalling
the appropriate information from your reading. Answers can be used more than once.
1.
Dorgan has just received information on a new test on the market. He has ordered a sample copy
of the test and plans to divide the test into two sections that are roughly equivalent, and
then correlate the scores on the two sections. Dorgan is using the _______________
method to check for reliability.
2.
Dorgan has just received a new achievement test. He knows that it has already been successfully
tested for reliability. Because the test is reliable, does Dorgan have to test it for validity?
_______________
3.
Dorgan wants to attract newcomers from foreign countries as clients. Can Dorgan develop a
culture-fair test? _______________
4.
Dorgan has just issued a memo to all his employees saying that all tests are to be administered in
exactly the same way, given in the same room, and scored in exactly the same way. Dorgan
wants to ensure that all of his tests are _______________.
5.
Dorgan has just received a new test of mathematical ability. He is confused because there are no
math problems on the test. What kind of validity is he worried about? _______________
a.
Standardized
b.
Culture-fair
c.
Achievement test
d.
Predictive validity
e.
Criterion validity
f.
Content validity
g.
Reliability
h.
Test-retest
i.
Alternate forms
j.
Split half
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