FUNCTION OF KEY BRAIN STRUCTURES

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FUNCTION OF KEY BRAIN STRUCTURES
The Hypothalamus
It is hypothesized that Nexalin stimulates the Hypothalamus, which is a collection of specialized cells located
in the lower central part of the brain. This vital area is the control center of all autonomic regulatory activities of
the body.
body It has been said that the hypothalamus is the "brain of the brain
brain."" It is also:
Important emotional center, controlling the molecules that make you feel exhilarated, angry, or unhappy.
The hub for automatic (or subconscious) and endocrine homeostatic systems such as cardiovascular,
temperature, and abdominal visceral regulation.
Management system for all endocrine hormonal levels, sensory processing, and organizing body metabolism.
The hypothalamus is the primary link between the endocrine and nervous systems; it appears that almost
everything the hypothalamus does is related in some way to the management of the brain and body
connection. Nerve cells in the hypothalamus control the pituitary gland by producing chemicals that either
stimulate or suppress hormone secretions from the pituitary.
The hypothalamus is responsible for maintaining homeostasis, the body's regulation of its internal
environment so as to maintain a stable, constant condition. To maintain homeostasis, the hypothalamus is
constantly adapting to stimuli from the five senses (sight, hearing, touch, taste, smell) as well as feedback from
the nervous and endocrine systems.
Once the hypothalamus is aware of a problem, how does it fix it? Essentially, there are two main outputs:
neural signals to the autonomic system and endocrine signals to/through the pituitary. Again it is hypothesized
that the Nexalin waveform stimulates the Hypothalamus and promotes a movement to ‘Homeostasis’.
Neurochemicals
The brain produces more than 50 identified active drugs. Some of these are associated with memory, others
g
still others are sedatives. Some of the neurochemicals believed to be affected byy Nexalin
with intelligence,
Therapy are:
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Endorphin - Called the brain's painkiller, it is 3 times more potent than morphine.
Serotonin - An opiate-like chemical that helps maintain a "happy feeling," and seems to help keep
our moods under control.
Melatonin - Produced by the pineal gland, regulates behavioral and physiological circadian
rhythms. Levels of melatonin in the blood are highest prior to bedtime.
Dopamine - Similar to adrenaline; it affects brain processes that control movement, emotional
response, and ability to experience pleasure and pain. The brains of people with Parkinson's
disease contain almost no dopamine.
Substance P - In the central nervous system, is associated with the regulation of mood disorders,
anxiety, stress, reinforcement, neurogenesis, neurotoxicity and pain.
Acetylcholine - The first neurotransmitter ever identified, it is particularly important in the
stimulation of muscle tissue. In high doses, it can cause convulsions and tremors. In deficient
levels, it can contribute to motor dysfunction.
The Endocrine System
S stem
Although we rarely think about them, the glands of the endocrine system and the hormones they release
influence almost every cell, organ, and function of our bodies. The endocrine system is instrumental in
regulating mood, growth and development, tissue function, and metabolism, as well as sexual function and
reproductive processes. Even though the nervous system and endocrine system are separate systems, they
often work together to help the body function properly.
The foundations of the endocrine system are the hormones and glands. As the body's chemical messengers,
hormones transfer information and instructions from one set of cells to another. Hormone levels can be
influenced by factors such as stress, infection, and changes in the balance of fluid and minerals in blood.
A gland is a group of cells that produces and secretes, or gives off, chemicals. Some types of glands release
their secretions in specific areas. Endocrine glands release more than 20 major hormones directly into the
bloodstream where they can be transported to cells in other parts of the body. The major glands that make up
the human endocrine system are the hypothalamus, pituitary, thyroid, parathyroids, adrenals, pineal body, and
the reproductive glands.
The Pituitary Gland
The pituitary gland is located at the base of the brain just beneath the hypothalamus and is considered the
most important part of the endocrine system. It's often called the "master gland" because it receives
instructions from the hypothalamus and then releases hormones that control the thyroid and adrenal glands.
The production and secretion of pituitary hormones can be influenced by factors such as emotions and
seasonal changes. To accomplish this, the hypothalamus relays information sensed by the brain (such as
environmental temperature, light exposure patterns, and feelings) to the pituitary. One of the hormones
secreted by the pituitary is endorphins, chemicals that act on the nervous system to reduce sensitivity to pain."
The Pineal Gland
The pineal body, also called the pineal gland. The pineal gland is a small organ shaped like a pine cone
(hence its name) located in the middle of the brain. The pineal gland synthesizes and secretes melatonin, a
structurally simple hormone that communicates information about environmental lighting to various parts of the
body. The duration of melatonin secretion each day is directly proportional to the length of the night. The lighttransducing ability of the pineal gland has led some to call the pineal the "third eye".
The Limbic System
The limbic system wraps around the brain stem and is beneath the cerebral cortex. It is a major center for
emotion formation, behavior, learning, and memory. The limbic structures are also connected with other major
structures such as the cortex, hypothalamus, thalamus, and basal ganglia. The structures of the limbic system
are highly interconnected with the rest of the brain, and they likely form a gateway for communication between
the cerebral cortex and the hypothalamus. This gateway allows for cognitive processes to modify the affect of
the limbic system on hypothalamic functions,
functions which provides a more extensive adaptive mechanism in an effort
to normalize.
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