Organelles - nnhsbio611

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First found May 22, 2018

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Cells and their Organelles
How do cells communicate with each other?
By cell phone!
What are Cells?
• Basic building block of life
• Have Organelles
– similar to organs in a human body
Paramecium
Blood Cells
The dark cells are white blood cells. The rest are red blood cells.
Plant Cells
Cells Video
• Write 3 questions & 3 observations about
the video
What are the Types of Cells?
Prokaryotic
•No nucleus or
membrane-bound
organelles
•Simpler & smaller
Bacteria
Eukaryotic
•Has nucleus &
membrane-bound
organelles
•Larger & more complex
Animal
Fungi
Plant
Protist
ALL cells have 3 main parts
Nucleus
(contains DNA)
Cytoplasm
Cell membrane
Do Now
• Make a Venn diagram to compare/
contrast prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells
• Include the following words:
cell membrane, cytoplasm, nucleus,
genetic material, smaller, larger,
membrane-bound organelles, plant,
animal, fungus, bacteria, simple, complex
Prokaryotic
Eukaryotic
Nucleus
Smaller
Bacteria
Simple
Cell
membrane
Membrane-bound
organelles
Cytoplasm
Plants
Genetic
material
Animals
Larger
Fungus
Complex
Flashcards: Getting Started
ANIMAL
PLANT
• Use a glue stick to paste 10 animal cells &
3 plant cells on the non-lined sides of
index cards.
Making your Flashcard
• First, color in the highlighted region.
– Use a different color for each card.
• Second, write the name of the organelle
ABOVE THE DIAGRAM!
• Third, write the description of the
organelle on the back.
Nucleus
• Holds the genetic
material (DNA)
• Controls the cell
*?
Cell Membrane
• “Skin” that protects
the cell
• Regulates what enters
and exits the cell
• *?
Cytoplasm
• Everything in the cell
between the nucleus
and the cell
membrane
• *?
Animal Cell Vacuole
• Small storage tank
for materials like
water, salts, proteins,
sugar
• *?
Lysosome
• Sacs filled with
enzymes to break
down molecules,
including proteins,
sugars, and other
organelles
• *?
Centriole
• Help cells during cell
division.
• In animal cells only.
• *?
Ribosome
• Make proteins
• *?
Endoplasmic Reticulum
• Assemble and
package proteins for
transport to other
locations
• *?
Golgi Apparatus
• Modifies, sorts, and
ships proteins (in or
out of cell)
• *?
Mitochondria
• Provides energy for
the cell.
• Cellular respiration
• *?
Time for the Plants
• The following organelles are found
ONLY in plant cells, not in animal cells.
• Please cut out the plant cell pictures and
glue them onto index cards.
Cell Wall
• Provides support and
gives shape to the cell
• *?
Cell Wall with Cell Membrane
• Do not make this into a flashcard!
• Plant cells still have a membrane! It’s just
inside the cell wall.
Chloroplast
• Uses sunlight to
make food for the
cell.
• Photosynthesis!
• *?
Plant Cell Vacuole
• Huge storage tank
that holds water,
minerals, and waste
• *?
That’s it for now!
Go study 
Nucleolus
• Located inside the
nucleus
• Makes ribosomes
×

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