john tyler

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“Popularity, I
have always
thought, may
aptly be
compared to a
coquette—the
more you woo
her, the more apt
is she to elude
your embrace.”
Background/Family
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Born on March 29, 1790 in Charles City County, Virginia
His father was John Tyler, Sr. and his mother was Mary Armistead Tyler
His father, John Tyler, a governor of Virginia and a judge of the U.S. district court
Had five sisters and two brothers
When Tyler was seven years old, his mother died from a stroke, and when he was twelve he
entered the preparatory branch of the College of William and Mary, enrolling into the
collegiate program there three years later. Tyler graduated from the college in 1807, at age
seventeen.
Although his denominational affiliation was Episcopalianism, John Tyler was, in practice and
belief, a Deist. Tyler was a strong supporter of religious tolerance and separation of church
and state.
Was married March 29, 1813, to Letitia Christian (1790-1842) and again on June 26, 1844, to
Julia Gardiner (1820-1889)
 In January 1862 John Tyler died of a stroke
Political Rise
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December 17, 1816-March 3, 1821: member of the U.S. House of Representatives form Virginia's
23rd district
December 10,1825-March 4, 1827: 23rd Governor of Virginia
March 4, 1827-Febuary 29, 1836: Served as United States Senator of Virginia
Tyler was elected as a Jacksonian to the United States Senate in 1827
He was reelected as Senator in 1833 and served from March 4, 1827, to February 29, 1836, when
he resigned.
March 3, 1835-December 6, 1835: President pro tempore of the Untied states senate (secondhighest-ranking official of the United States Senate and the highest-ranking senator)
Was chair of the Committee on the District of Columbia as well as the Committee on
Manufactures
1836: Tyler was named as a vice-presidential candidate. He finished third
1838: After leaving the U.S. Senate, Tyler served as a member of the Virginia House of Delegates
from Williamsburg.
1839: elected Speaker of the House of Delegates
March 4, 1841-April 4, 1841: 10th Vice President of the United States
April 4, 1841-March 4, 1845: 10th president of the United States
Political party: Whig, Independent ,Democratic
Domestic Policy Issue
• Following the Panic of 1837, he twice vetoed Clay's
legislation for a bill resurrecting the Bank of the
United States
• Congress passed two bills calling for higher tariffs; he
vetoed them both
• The Tariff of 1842 -Tyler did sign a tariff bill which
provided for upward revision, taking the average
rates back to the level of 1833 before the recent
reductions had been implemented. This protected
northern manufacturers.
• March 1, 1845 Tyler signed the Texas statehood bill
into law- Republic of Texas was annexed.
Foreign Policy Issues
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1842- Tyler ratified the Webster-Ashburton Treaty
which set up a clear Maine-Canada border
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1842- issued the Tyler Doctrine guaranteeing the
independence of the Hawaiian Islands, essentially
putting the Islands off limit to European colonization
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Tyler ended a costly and bloody war against the
Seminole Indians. After defrauding the Indians of their
remaining lands in 1833, the U.S. had waged an
inconclusive war against Chief Osceloa. Tyler was able
to announce the end of hostilities in 1842.
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Recognizing the coming importance of the Asian Pacific
region to trade, he sent a key diplomatic mission to
China. This resulted in commercial and consular
relations with the country, giving the U.S. the same
trading concessions as the British
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Tyler could claim a successful foreign policy presidency,
due largely to the efforts of Secretary of State Webster,
who served from 1841 to 1843.
Successes and Failures
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Failure 1836: finished 3rd in the vice presidential
election
Success- 1841: was elected 10th president( the first
vice president to succeed upon presidency upon
the death of a president)
Success- 1842: Ended the costly Seminole Indian wars which stopped hostilities
toward Seminole Indians
Success- 1842: the Webster-Ashburton Treaty which established the boundary of
Maine and Canada
Success- 1842: the annexation of Texas
Success- 1842: Reorganized the Navy to establish the nucleus of the present Naval
Observatory and to promote a national telegraph system– which became the
center of the Weather Bureau
Success- 1842:Ended Dorr’s Rebellion in Rhode Island
Success- 1844: Negotiated treaty with China to open ports for first time
Failure- Clarified the position of the cabinet as being responsible to the president
rather than merely a body of constitutional advisors.
John Tyler, "His Accidency"
D E T E R M I N E D
John Tyler was dubbed by his detractors as the
‘Accidental President’, and was also renown as ‘His
Accidency’. When President William Harrison died
exactly 30 days after assuming office John Tyler was
now in charge. Everything suddenly changed. Opinions
of John Tyler were erratic and politically, he had
nothing but enemies. Tyler simply dismissed the
concerns and calmly stated his presidential rights. Even
after all the negativity, John Tyler continued on and
was ambitious.
Impact
• President John Tyler would not serve well as a
president today because he is described as
being very stubborn. He did not want to
compromise his positions with Congress.
• A President now would have to understand
and take into consideration others ideas and
points of view. He can’t just do what he wants.
Life After Presidency
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1860: With the Civil War looming, Tyler
tried to avert the conflict by chairing a
"Peace Convention" between
representatives of both northern and
southern states. Unfortunately, no
agreement could be reached between
Tyler and President-elect Abraham
Lincoln, and the Richmond Convention
collapsed in failure.
1861: Tyler then became a leading
proponent of southern secession and he
was elected to the Confederate House of
Representatives.
1862: Days before the first meeting of the
Confederate House of Representatives,
John Tyler died, denounced in the North
as a traitor.
Bibliography
• Bailey, Thomas A., Lizabeth
Cohen, David M. Kennedy.
The American Pageant. 13
ed. Boston Massachusetts:
Houghton Mifflin Company.
2006.
• “Impact and Legacy.”
millercenter.org. Web. 20 Jan
2010.
• “John Tyler.” wikipedia.com.
Web. 19 Jan 2010
• “John Tyler.” whitehouse.gov.
Web. 19 Jan 2010
• “John Tyler.”
historycentral.com. Web. 18
Jan 2010
Brandie Lucano
Frank Maciel
Jasmin Diaz

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