Earth Science Lecture - Quiz 1

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Earth Science Lecture - Quiz 1 – (total points 55)
Choose the best possible answer for each multiple choice question (40 points)
Which of the following would be considered a non-renewable resource?
c. agriculture products
a. water
b. ore deposits
d. solar energy
2. Which of the following statements regarding the scientific method is false?
a. A tentative explanation of a body of data is called a hypothesis
b. A theory is less likely to be correct than hypotheses.
c. A hypothesis is strengthened if it successfully predicts the outcomes of new experiments.
d. If new evidence indicates that a theory is wrong, the theory may be modified or
Geology is the study of
a. earths material and its geologic history
c. galaxies and solar system
Astronomy is the study of
a. galaxies and solar system
c. earths material and its history
b. the ocean floor
d. weather and climate
b. weather and climate
d. the ocean floor
Chemical differentiation describes
a. the layering of the earth, where lighter material sinks and heavier material rises
b. the layering of the earth where heavier material sinks towards the core
c. the alteration of minerals forming new types of sedimentary rocks
d. different types of ionic bonds producing weak minerals
7. Which of the following is not one of the four inner planets?
a. Mars
b. Earth
c. Mercury
d. Neptune
The earth is considered a (an) ________ system because ______________
a. isolated / energy is transferred from the sun to the atmosphere
b. closed system / only matter is exchanged between the sun and earth
c. open system / matter and energy are exchanged through sub-systems
d. closed system / there is an exchange of energy and not matter
9. The name of the layer that separates the curst from the core is called the
a. mama
b. lithosphere
d. continent
c. mantle
10. Which of the following statements about the lithosphere is false?
a. The lithosphere is cool and relatively brittle.
b. The lithosphere includes the crust and uppermost mantle.
c. The lithosphere rides on the weak asthenosphere.
d. The lithosphere is easily deformed, like a tube of toothpaste.
11. Earth science is the scientific study of ______________
a. soils
b. all the terrestrial planets c. all aspects of earth
d. mines and oil fields
12. The scientific method is a way of investigating natural phenomena by ______________
a. challenging entrenched beliefs
b. using mathematics to confuse students
c. defending personal ideas
d. making observations and repeatedly testing conclusions
13. As of 2010, the current earth human population is approximately:
a. 6.5 million
c. 10 billion
d. 5.6 billion
b. 6.5 billion
14. An open system is defined as:
a. An exchange of matter and no energy c. an exchange of energy but no matter
b. An exchange of both energy and matter
matter d. a and b
15. The theory of plate tectonics describe:
a. the movement and interactions of large fragments of the earth’s lithosphere
b. climatic changes from the study of fossils
c. the current location of continental masses
d. segregated fragments of lithosphere that remain stationary
16. Which of the following earth interior layers is most dense?
c. lithosphere
a. Outer core
b. inner core
d. asthenosphere
17. The atomic number indicates::
a. The number of electrons b. the number of protons
c. number of protons + neutrons
18. Each atom has own unique number of :
a. electrons
b. neutrons
d. orbital shells
c. protons
19. __________ make minerals, ______________ make _______________.
a. Rocks, elements, minerals
b. elements, rocks, minerals
20. Granite is an example of a:
b. mineral
a. Rock
c. element
c. elements, minerals, rocks
d. kitchen counter top
Briefly answer the following questions: (15 points)
Describe the relationship between positive and negative feedback mechanisms
A positive feedback mechanism tends to change the process, while a negative feedback
mechanism resists the change ultimately achieving balance within the process
2. How is earth science studied?
Earth science is typically studied by investigating the interrelationship between the
various open systems of the earth (biosphere, lithosphere, hydrosphere and atmosphere)
Present 3 reasons why the earth is considered a unique planet.
Plate tectonics, oxygen atmosphere, life, water in three states, soil accumulation, our
distance from the sun, etc…..

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