Clauses and Sentences Unit One

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Clauses and Sentences Unit One
English Grammar and Skills Toolkit
Clauses and
Sentences Unit 1
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Learning objectives
In this unit you will…
Learn what a clause is
Learn what a simple sentence is
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Clauses
All sentences are made up of clauses. A sentence can
consist of one clause, or a number of clauses.
Do you know what a clause is?
A clause is a group of words that includes a subject and a
main verb. Sometimes a clause contains an object as well.
The cat is sleeping.
subject
verb
My mum likes tea.
subject
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verb
object
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Clauses
Some clauses make sense on their own.
These types of clauses are called main clauses.
They are also known as ‘independent’ clauses
because they can stand on their own.
Jenna ate the chips.
The dog barked.
Some clauses do not make sense on their own.
These types of clauses are called subordinate clauses.
For example: where I went
although she was scared
These clauses cannot stand on their own because they are
not complete thoughts. But they are still clauses because
they each contain a subject and a main verb.
Can you identify the subject and main verb
in each clause?
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Is it a clause?
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What is a simple sentence?
A simple sentence consists of one main clause. We can
therefore say that a simple sentence is a main clause!
A simple sentence contains a subject and a main verb,
and it can also contain an object.
Amy read her books.
subject
verb
object
Marcus swims every day.
subject
verb
Now write five simple sentences of your own.
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