幻灯片 1

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First found May 22, 2018

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Transcript

Zheng He ,born in 1337 in Yunnan
province ,made several voyages during his
lifetime and contributed greatly to the science
of navigation in China between 1405-1433.
Columbus was Spanish
sailors.He made four
voyages . He was the first
man who discovered
Amercia.
James Cook was a
British captain. He made
maps of Australia and
New zealand
Ferdinand Magellan was a
Portuguese sea captain. He
found the channel, known
as the Strait of Magellan,
which led to the Pacific .
Abel Tasman was a D
utch explorer, best k
nown for his voyages o
f 1642 and 1644.
Arctic Ocean
North America
Europe
Asia
Atlantic Ocean
Pacific Ocean
Africa
Indian Ocean
South America
Oceania
Antarctica
Question: How many continents are there in the world ?
India-------the middle east-----Rome
Silk road
coasts of India Ocean---Ceylon(Sri Lanka)
The Silk Road over sea
明朝前期,中国古代的航海事业达到了高峰。明朝政府组织大规模
的船队,由郑和率领,七下西洋,访问了东南亚、南亚、阿拉伯和东
非等地区的30多个国家和地区,最远到达索马里和肯尼亚,航程10万
余里。
Fast reading
Q1:Who were the real explorers long before?
Brave merchants
Q2: How many Chinese explorers are
mentioned in the text?
Three Chinese explorers. They are Gan Ying,
Du Huan , Zheng He .
Q3: In your opinion, what makes people
explore the new place?
Trade and curiosity.
Q4:What is the main idea of the whole passage?
It talks about Chinese explorations,
especially the contacts between China
and Africa.
Careful reading:
Q :Find information in the text
about contacts between China and
other places and fill in the blanks .
period
name
Way of
travel
goods
destination
The earliest
time
Chinese Silk road spices, glass India, the
Middle East ,
merchants
Rome
In 97 AD
Han Dynasty
Gan Ying Over land
rhinoceros
horns
In 751-762
Dang Dynasty
Du Huan
In 1405-1433
Ming Dynasty Zhenghe
China
By boat
In the 11th
century
the Africans By boat
Song Dynasty
the East Rome
Empire
A bronze
statue of a lion
China
giraffes,zebras,
By fleet shells, elephant Africa
ivory…
Put the sentences in good order.
1. In the eleventh century, the Africans made several voyages to the
court of the song dynasty.
2. Merchants from the Arabic countries began to travel to the
Swahili kingdom and the islands off the African coast to trade with
them.
3. People of the Han Dynasty exchanged silk for spices and glass
with Indians and Romans by way of the Silk Road.
4. The Chinese traveller, Du Huan, wandered through Arabic
countries for about 10 years.
5. Christopher Columbus and other European explorers searched for
routes to Asia.
6. Zheng He made seven voyages and discovered the eastern coast
of Africa.
3– 2–4– 1– 6- 5
Post reading
Paraphrasing:
The Africans were reaching out to
China.
→ The Africans left the African land
and came for a visit to China by sea.
The time was ripe.
→ In the Ming Dynasty both China
and the eastern coast countries became
very prosperous, and there came the
great needs for state-to-state contact.
The mouth of the Red Sea
→ The part of ocean where the Red Sea
meets the Indian Ocean.
For a short time, China had ruled
the seas.
→ For a short period of time, China
held the power of sea for she had large
navy, experienced sailors and an
excellent admiral—Zheng He.
Homework :
Write an essay about a form of sports ,
ask the students to contrast the two
viewpoint .
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