Answer questions (1-7)* p.349 3.) Read Ch#14 sec#2

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Revolutions 3/14/11
http://mrmilewski.com
• OBJECTIVE: First day of school
administrative stuff.
• I. Welcome Back 
• II. Attendance
• III. Distribution of:
-syllabus
-textbooks
• IV. Homework
Last name, First name 03-224
• New text
Important Stuff
• Web-site:
• http://mrmilewski.com
• Homework Due Monday 3/21/11
1.) Syllabus signed and returned
2.) Read Ch#14 sec#1 p.342-349
-Answer questions (1-7)* p.349
3.) Read Ch#14 sec#2 p.349-353
-Answer questions (1-7)* p.353
4.) Read Ch#14 sec#3 353-357
-Answer questions (1-7)* p.357
*Pick 4 questions of your choice
Revolutions 3/15/11
http://mrmilewski.com
• OBJECTIVE: Examine the beginnings of the
Renaissance.
• I. Journal #1 pt. A
-Read “The story about Michelangelo” p.342
-Who was Michelangelo?
II. Journal #1 pt. B
-notes on the Renaissance (14.1)
• III. Homework due Monday 3/21/11
1.) Syllabus signed and returned
2.) Read Ch#14 sec#1 p.342-349
-Answer questions (1-7)* p.349
3.) Read Ch#14 sec#2 p.349-353
-Answer questions (1-7)* p.353
4.) Read Ch#14 sec#3 353-357
-Answer questions (1-7)* p.357
*Pick 4 questions of your choice
Renaissance
• Means rebirth, or revival
• It began in Northern Italy in the 1300’s and
spread across Europe.
• It was a period of vigorous artistic and
intellectual activity.
• It produced a new attitude toward learning.
• This supported an adventurous spirit and led to
the voyages of discovery and the scientific
revolution that completely changed the way the
universe was viewed.
• A Renaissance thinker was well versed in many
fields of study (liberal arts)
Liberal Arts
• The Liberal Arts were divided
into the Trivium ("the three
roads") and the Quadrivium
("the four roads").
• The Trivium consisted of:
• Grammar
• Rhetoric
• Logic
• The Quadrivium consisted of:
• Arithmetic -- Number in itself
• Geometry -- Number in space
• Music, Harmonics, or Tuning
Theory -- Number in time
• Astronomy or Cosmology -Number in space and time
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liberal_arts
Why Italy?
• Italy was the home of the center of ancient
Rome, it made sense that it started there.
• Plenty of ruins of the “Empire” to study
• Northern Italian cities had survived the
Middle Ages.
• These cities grew rich from trade.
• These wealth merchants supported
education & individual achievement.
Florence
•
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Ponte_vecchio-arno-florence-np.jpg
• By the 1400’s, the Medici family in Florence had gain
great wealth & influence. (Bankers)
• They were great patrons of the arts, especially Lorenzo.
• The Ponte Vecchio and the Arno River in Florence, Italy.
Florence
• Niccolò di Bernardo dei
Machiavelli 1469-1527
was a political
philosopher, musician,
poet, and romantic
comedic playwright. He
is most widely known for
his treatises on political
theory. The Prince.
• It was written for the
instruction of the Medici
after they had just
regained power.
• The end justifies the
means.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Macchiavelli01.jpg
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The Prince
Contents
Introduction
Dedication
Chapter I: How Many Kinds of Principlaities There are, and by What means they are Acquired
Chapter II: Concerning Hereditary Principalities
Chapter III: Concerning Mixed Principalities
Chapter IV: Why The Kingdom of Darius, Conquered by Alexander, Did Not Rebel Against The Successors of
Alexander At His Death
Chapter V: Concerning The Way To Govern Cities Or Principalities Which Lived Under Their Own Laws Before
They Were Annexed
Chapter VI: Concerning New Principalities Which Are Acquired by One's Own Arms And Ability
Chapter VII: Concerning New Principalities Which Are Acquired Either by The Arms of Others Or by Good
Fortune
Chapter VIII: Concerning Those Who Have Obtained A Principality by Wickedness
Chapter IX:Concerning A Civil Principality
Chapter X: Concerning The Way In Which The Strength of All Principalities Ought To Be Measured Chapter XI:
Concerning Ecclesiastical Principalities
Chapter XII: How Many Kinds of Soldiery There Are, And Concerning Mercenaries
Chapter XIII: Concerning Auxiliaries, Mixed Soldiery, And One's Own
Chapter XIV: That Which Concerns A Prince On The Subject of The Art of War
Chapter XV: Concerning Things For Which Men, And Especially Princes, Are Praised Or Blamed
Chapter XVI: Concerning Liberality And Meanness
Chapter XVII: Concerning Cruelty And Clemency, And Whether It Is Better To Be Loved Than Feared
Chapter XVIIII [*]: Concerning The Way In Which Princes Should Keep Faith
Chapter XIX: That One Should Avoid Being Despised And Hated
Chapter XX: Are Fortresses, And Many Other Things To Which Princes often Resort, Advantageous Or Hurtful?
Chapter XXI: How A Prince Should Conduct Himself So As To Gain Renown
Chapter XXII: Concerning The Secretaries of Princes
Chapter XXIII: How Flatterers Should Be Avoided
Chapter XXIV: Why The Princes of Italy Have Lost Their States
Chapter XXV: What Fortune Can Effect In Human Affairs And How To Withstand Her
Chapter XXVI: An Exhortation To Liberate Italy From The Barbarians
Humanism
• Intellectual movement based on the study
of worldly subjects rather than on the
religious issues that had occupied medieval
scholars.
• Were the promoters of education (liberal
arts)
• The Greats: Leonardo da Vinci,
Michelangelo, Raphael, Donatello.
Revolutions 3/16/11
http://mrmilewski.com
• OBJECTIVE: Examine the spread of the Renaissance.
• I. Journal #2 pt. A
-Examine the painting on p.346
-How does Renaissance art compare to medieval art?
II. Journal #2 pt. B
-notes on the Renaissance moving North (14.2)
• III. Homework due Monday 3/21/11
1.) Syllabus signed and returned
2.) Read Ch#14 sec#1 p.342-349
-Answer questions (1-7)* p.349
3.) Read Ch#14 sec#2 p.349-353
-Answer questions (1-7)* p.353
4.) Read Ch#14 sec#3 353-357
-Answer questions (1-7)* p.357
*Pick 4 questions of your choice
Renaissance moves North
• Italy recovered from the
Black Death (The Plague)
faster than northern
Europe. For that reason,
it took the Renaissance
100 years to make it
North.
• Flemish painters
(Netherlands, Belgium)
used Italian techniques in
art p.350
• Painting in the North are
usually darker.
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/dc/Bubonic_plague_map.PNG/250px-Bubonic_plague_map.PNG
Northern Humanists
• Stresses the liberal arts, but also stressed religious
themes.
• They used the classics to bring about religious & moral
reforms.
• Desiderius Erasmus – (Dutch) created a better
translation of the Latin New Testament (New Testament
was written in Greek)
• He also called for the Bible to be translated into
vernacular (language of each people)
• Sir Thomas More – (English) pushed for economic &
social reforms.
• He called for an elimination of private property
(Communist?)
Renaissance Literature
• Shakespeare – (English)
Tons of commentaries on
love, history, rivalries, etc…
• Cervantes - (Spanish) Don
Quixote mocks the romantic
notions of medieval chivalry.
• The Printing Press made the
works of Renaissance
authors available to the
masses along with the
writings of the ancients.
• Books became cheap and
Europeans were exposed to
new ideas.
http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d0/Europe_map_1648.PNG/250px-Europe_map_1648.PNG&imgrefurl=http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki
The Protestant Reformation
• Protestant = protest
• Reformation= reform
• The goal of the Protestant Reformation
was to protest the authority of the pope and
the Roman Catholic Church and reform the
Christian religion.
Martin Luther
• Martin Luther was a
German priest who
was critical of the
selling of indulgences.
• What is an
indulgence?
• An indulgence is a
pardon of sins sold by
the Church.
Luther’s 95 Issues
• In 1517, Martin Luther nailed
a list of 95 questions to the
door of the Wittenberg castle
church.
• In these 95 questions, know as
theses, he condemned the sale
of indulgences.
• Because of the printing press,
his 95 theses spread quickly
and Luther found himself to
be in the middle of a religious
debate.
http://www.flholocaustmuseum.org/history_wing/assets/room1/martinlutherpaint.jpg
Luther Believed
• People could not achieve salvation through good
works (like giving money to the Church) but only
through God’s mercy.
• He believed that the Bible and individual
conscience outweighed the authority of the
Church.
• He rejected several of the Churches ceremonies.
• Luther’s teachings sparked the Protestant
Reformation
Other Reformers
http://www.piney.com/CalvinPort.gif
• John Calvin (Calvinism)
Geneva, Switzerland
• Calvin believed in
predestination. It is the
belief that God has decided
in advance who was
getting into heaven or
going to the other place.
• So, it didn’t matter what
you did in life, you fate
was already decided
Henry VIII
http://tudors.crispen.org/art/henry8_by_holbein.jpg
• Henry VIII (Anglican Church,
the Church of England)
London, England
• Henry VIII broke with the
Catholic Church when the Pope
refused to annul, cancel, his
marriage.
• Henry made himself the leader
of the Church of England,
granted himself a divorce, and
adopted some Protestant
beliefs.
Religious Wars in Europe
• The Catholic Church did respond to many
of the Protestant criticisms. (stopped
selling indulgences).
• But, wars broke out between Catholic
nations and Protestant nations. So did civil
wars between Protestants and Catholics.
Revolutions 3/17/11
http://mrmilewski.com
• OBJECTIVE: Examine the concepts related to
Fundamental Economic Concepts.
• I. Chapter#14 Guided Readings
Complete the following activities due today!
-Chapter#14 section#1 Guided Reading
-Chapter#14 section#2 Guided Reading
-Chapter#14 section#3 Guided Reading
-Chapter#14 Enrichment
• II. Chapter#14 Review
-Work on Chapter#14 Homework &/or Review for
Chapter#14 Test
Revolutions 3/18/11
http://mrmilewski.com
• OBJECTIVE: Examine the way we are.
• I. Administrative Stuff
-Attendance
• II. The Day the Universe Changed
-questions on episode#1 “The Way We Are”
• III. Homework due Monday
1.) Syllabus signed and returned
2.) Read Ch#14 sec#1 p.342-349
-Answer questions (1-7)* p.349
3.) Read Ch#14 sec#2 p.349-353
-Answer questions (1-7)* p.353
4.) Read Ch#14 sec#3 353-357
-Answer questions (1-7)* p.357
*Pick 4 questions of your choice
Revolutions 9/7/07
http://students.resa.net/milewski
• OBJECTIVE: Examine the beginnings of the
Reformation.
• I. Journal #3 pt. A
-Examine the picture on p.355
-Answer the caption question on p.355
II. Journal #3 pt. B
-notes on the Reformation (14.3)
• III. Journal#3 pt.C
-notes on film about the reformation
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