Contest ID 1002
2010 NJCL Greek Life and Literature Test
1. Sparta had ___ ephors.
2. What were the five companies of the Spartan army?
3. Who reformed the Athenian army in the early fifth century?
4. What was the heavily armored infantry soldier ?
5. What was a sarissa?
6. How many men were in the bodyguard of a Spartan king?
7. What was a Spartan serf?
8. In the Athenian calendar January was ____.
9. A Greek day began at ____.
10. What day of the month was noumenia?
11. How long was an Olympiad?
A. 2 years
B. 3 years
C. 4 years
12. Only women in ____ could normally inherit property directly.
13. What was the Greek term for a wife?
14. Upper class Greek women were most active in ___.
15. What were hetairai?
16. Females were usually married by the age of _____ years.
17. Males were usually married by the age of ___ years.
18. In Athens, who led the bride to her husband's home?
A. bride's father
B. bride's mother
C. groom's father
19. In Hellenistic times, polygamy was practiced in ____.
20. The amphidromia or purification ceremony took place ___ days after birth.
21. What were a child's paignia?
A. swaddling clothes
C. baby teeth
22. What were dice?
23. At what age did Spartan boys leave home to live in the barracks?
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D. 5 years
D. groom's mother
24. What was the main meal of the day?
25. What was the classical Greek equivalent of the Roman tunica?
26. Which shoes were made of wood?
A. bymademata koila
27. What was the most violent of the Olympic sports?
28. How many laps were in the chariot race at the Olympic Games?
29. How many handfuls of dirt made up minimal burial in Greece?
30. Near what major city were the Eleusinian Mysteries held?
31. Which was the most elaborate style of column capital?
32. What was an olive mill?
D. cire perdue
33. Where was silk produced in Hellenistic times?
34. Whose priestess was the Pythia?
35. In what style was the Temple of Zeus at Olympia?
36. Which deity did NOT have a temple on the Acropolis?
37. To which deity were horses sacrificed?
38. Where was there an oracle of Zeus?
39. What was the traditional founding date of the Olympic Games?
A. 876 BC
B. 826 BC
C. 776 BC
D. 726 BC
40. Where do you find the Lion's Gate?
41. This author wrote Erga kai Hemera, a poem on the topic of agriculture which includes one of the earliest
versions of the myth of Prometheus and Pandora.
42. An influential tragedian whose epitaph commemorated not his art, but his military service at Marathon, this
individual apocryphally perished due the the collaboration of an eagle, a tortoise, and gravity.
43. In winter, Greek men would wear this woolen cloth over their shoulders.
44. Which word best matches the theme of this series: balaneia, loutērion, therma,__________.
45. Hippocrates, Galen, and Asclepiades would have been most interested in discussing
A. military strategy
46. Mount Taygetus was used by _____________ to _____________________.
A. Athens / defend against attack
B. the Persians / navigate their navies toward Greece
C. Sparta / dispose of unfit or weak newborns
D. Aristophanes / serve as the setting for his Lysistrata
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47. Like us, the Greeks of Homer's time apparently realized that breakfast is the 'most important' meal of the
day, as evidenced by their name for it.
48. The typical position a dinner guest would take while dining is etymologically derived from the name for the
piece of furniture which he used, namely:
49. Which of the following epithets was not used by Homer?
A. ox-eyed Hera
B. grey-eyed Athena
C. rosy-fingered Eos
D. aegis-bearing Thetis
50. medimnos : weight :: ___________ : distance
51. Both Xenophon and Plato wrote works sharing this title; in Plato's version, the character of Aristophanes
tells a creation myth in which humans are divided in half by an angry Zeus.
52. Kottabos was
A. a game popular at symposia, especially in the 4th and 5th centuries BC.
B. the type of wooden plow characteristic of early Hellenic craftsmanship.
C. a technique of red-figure pottery used by late Archaic painters.
D. the traditional cheer used at athletic competitions.
53. The hoplitodromos, first introduced in 520 BC, was at first 2 stades, and ultimately 15 stades in length.
What was it?
A. a ship
B. a footrace
C. a ceremony
D. a poetic meter
54. In the midst of the Sicilian Expedition, what Athenian general defected to Sparta, necessitating his
replacement by Nicias?
55. Barbitos, psalterion, diaulos, lura. These are all types of
D. musical instrument
56. In early Greek history, when the government of a polis needed funds to equip a military expedition, it would
most likely go to one of these “too big to fail” institutions:
57. 430 BC was not a great year for Athens. What event is estimated to have cost up to 67% of the Athenian
population their lives?
A. Spartan invasion
B. the Great Fire
C. a plague
D. the Sicilian Expedition
58. “A free man?—There is no such thing! All men are slaves: some, slaves of money; some, of chance; others
are forced, either by mass opinion, or the threatening law, to act against their nature. ” Identify the
author of this quotation.
59. This school of Greek philosophy was the first in history to condemn morally the practice of slavery.
60. What is the common thread linking these individuals: Aesop, Phaedo, Epictetus, Pasion?
A. they were all philosophers
B. they all wrote works that have survived to the present
C. they were all slaves or former slaves
D. they all lived in the 6th century BCE
61. Who was the first recorded town planner who began his career by redesigning the destroyed city of Miletus?
62. Who wrote the only surviving examples of Old Comedy?
63. What was the school of Aristotle?
D. Hagia Sophia
64. Who was known for his fables?
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65. Who was the "father of history" and the author of the Persian Wars?
66. Which elegiac poet wrote war songs to encourage the Spartans in the Second Messenian War?
67. What poet's house was spared by Alexander the Great, when Alexander destroyed Thebes?
68. Who was the most famous writer of New Comedy?
69. Who was the teacher of Alexander the Great?
70. Who wrote the Anabasis about the March of the Ten Thousand?
A. Dionysius of Halicarnassus
71. Who wrote about his philosophy in a series of dialogues?
72. What type of comedy was based on contemporary politics and social commentary?
A. Old Comedy
B. New Comedy
C. Stoic Comedy
D. Menippean Satire
73. Who wrote the Oresteia trilogy?
74. What philosopher propagated the theory of the four elements?
75. Thales, the first philosopher, believed that ____ was the first cause.
76. Who wrote the Iliad and Odyssey?
77. Who calculated the circumference of the earth and and made the first scientific attempt to fix the dates of
78. Who, an opponent of Philip II of Macedonia, was considered the greatest Greek orator?
79. Who was the most famous writer on geometry?
80. Which philosopher from Croton was famous for his theories on mathematics and music?
81. Whose most famous surviving plays are Medea and Bacchae?
82. Which statement about Apollonius Rhodius is NOT true?
A. he lived and wrote in the 3rd century BC
C. his major work was the Argonautica
B. he lived much of his life in Thebes
D. he was a pupil of Callimachus
83. Which playwright wrote plays named after their choruses of animals such as frogs, birds and wasps?
84. In what city did Euripides, Aechylus, Sophocles live?
85. Thespius is considered to be the creator of _____.
86. Who was famous for his writings on medicine and has given his name to the doctor's oath?
87. Which philosopher proposed the atomic theory?
88. Who wrote plays on Oedipus and Antigone?
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89. Which city had the most famous library in the classical world, and the Museum?
90. The adult male population of Athens declined by about 33% from the 5th century BC to the 4th century BC.
91. The greatest female poet of the ancient world, from the island of Lesbos, was:
92. The only historical (non-mythological) tragedy to survive is the Persians by
93. The most important festival in Athens for the production of plays was the
C. City Dionysia
94. The historian who wrote on the Peloponnesian War was
95. The greatest painter of antiquity, who painted Alexander the Great, Aphrodite Anadyomene, and grapes that
looked so real that birds pecked at them, was
96. The sculptor of Hermes with the Infant Dionysus and the original of which the Venus de Milo is a copy was
97. The author Pausanias claimed to have seen a statue of Athena punishing Marsyas. Who was the sculptor of
that statue, as well as the more famous Discobolos (discus thrower), of which we have a number of
98. The sculptor of the statue of Zeus at Olympia (one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World), as well as
of the Athena in the Parthenon, was
99. The Peripatetic School of philosophy (legendarily so called because the instructor walked as he talked) is
C. Zeno of Citium
100. Ictinus and Callicrates collaborated in the building of which temple?
A. Zeus at Olympia
C. Artemis at Ephesus
D. Apollo at Corinth
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