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NAME _____________________________________________ DATE ____________________________ PERIOD _____________ 2-2 Study Guide and Intervention Solving One-Step Equations Solve Equations Using Addition and Subtraction If the same number is added to each side of an equation, the resulting equation is equivalent to the original one. In general if the original equation involves subtraction, this property will help you solve the equation. Similarly, if the same number is subtracted from each side of an equation, the resulting equation is equivalent to the original one. This property will help you solve equations involving addition. Addition Property of Equality For any numbers a, b, and c, if a = b, then a + c = b + c. Subtraction Property of Equality For any numbers a, b, and c, if a = b, then a – c = b – c. Example 1: Solve m – 32 = 18. m – 32 = 18 Example 2: Solve 22 + p = –12. 22 + p = –12 Original equation m – 32 + 32 = 18 + 32 Add 32 to each side. m = 50 Original equation 22 + p – 22 = –12 – 22 Subtract 22 from each side. p = –34 Simplify. Simplify. The solution is –34. The solution is 50. Exercises Solve each equation. Check your solution. 1. h – 3 = –2 2. m – 8 = –12 3. p – 5 = 15 1 2 5 8 4. 20 = y – 8 5. k – 0.5 = 2.3 6. w – = 7. h – 18 = –17 8. –12 = –24 + k 9. j – 0.2 = 1.8 10. b – 40 = –40 11. m – (–12) = 10 12. w – 2 = 4 13. x + 12 = 6 14. w + 2 = –13 15. –17 = b + 4 16. k + ( –9) = 7 17. –3.2 = l + (– 0.2) 18. – 8 + x = 8 19. 19 + h = – 4 20. –12 = k + 24 21. j + 1.2 = 2.8 22. b + 80 = – 80 23. m + (–8) = 2 24. w + 2 = 8 Chapter 2 3 1 3 5 3 11 5 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME _____________________________________________ DATE ____________________________ PERIOD _____________ 2-2 Study Guide and Intervention (continued) Solving One-Step Equations Solve Equations Using Multiplication and Division If each side of an equation is multiplied by the same number, the resulting equation is equivalent to the given one. You can use the property to solve equations involving multiplication and division. To solve equations with multiplication and division, you can also use the Division Property of Equality. If each side of an equation is divided by the same number, the resulting equation is true. Multiplication Property of Equality For any numbers a, b, and c, if a = b, then ac = bc. Division Property of Equality For any numbers a, b, and c, with c ≠ 0, if a = b, then = 1 2 7 2 1 2 = Original equation 3 2 −5 −5 Rewrite each mixed number 7 2 2 7 3 7 3 2 p= 60 Divide each side by –5. −5 Simplify. The solution is –12. 2 ( ) = ( ) = n = –12 as an improper fraction. 2 7 . Example 2: Solve –5n = 60. –5n = 60 Original equation Example 1: Solve = . 3 =1 . Multiply each side by . 7 Simplify. 3 7 The solution is . Exercises Solve each equation. Check your solution. ℎ 3 1. = –2 4. 5 = 12 1 2 7. –1 h = 4 1 1 8 1 5 2. m = 6 3. p = 1 4 5. – k = –2.5 8 6. – 3 2 3 8. –12 = – k 9. = 7 3 5 = 5 8 2 5 1 10. –33b = 5 11. 10m = 10 12. 5 = – 4 13. 3h = –42 14. 8m = 16 15. –3t = 51 16. –3r = –24 17. 8k = –64 18. –2m = 16 19. 12h = 4 20. –2.4p = 7.2 21. 0.5j = 5 22. –25 = 5m 23. 6m = 15 24. –1.5p = –75 Chapter 2 12 Glencoe Algebra 1