Technological awakening design template

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First found May 22, 2018

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English
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Persons

Yasser Arafat
Yasser Arafat

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Organizations

Places

Transcript

Leaders of the Middle East
Filling in the Geographer Chart
Ayatollah Khomeni
Iran
1979-1989
• Shi’ite Muslim (Ayatollah is a
Shia scholar)
• against pro-western regime
of the Shah of Iran
• Leader of Iranian Revolution
in 1979
• declared Iran Islamic
Republic
• Sharia (Islamic Law)
Bashar al-Assad
Syria
2000-present
• President of Syria
• Ba’ath party
• originally presented himself
as a reformer, but began to
oppress free speech
• March 2011 protests against
Gov. arose, orders given to
crush it
• not friendly to US
Benjamin Netanyahu
Israel
PM: 1996-99
and 2009present
• Current PM of Israel
• “Bibi”
• currently hostile with Iran
over the threat of Nuclear
weapons
• 2012 officially recognized
right of Palestinians to
have their own state
• went to MIT
Gamal Nasser
Egypt
1956-1970
• Second president of
Egypt
• led the Egyptian
revolution of 1952
• in favor of liberating
Palestine
• built Aswan Dam,
backed by USSR
• not a fan of US
Hamad Karzai
Afghanistan
2004-Present
• Current president of
Afghanistan
• became prominent
after removal of the
Taliban
• worked with US
• accused of corruption
and not doing enough
to rebuild and put down
the neo-Taliban
Hosni Mubarak
Egypt
1981-2011
• Fourth President of Egypt
• ousted during protests of
the Arab Spring
• pressure from west for
democratic reforms
• corruption and
imprisonment of
protestors
• currently imprisoned for
life
King Abdullah
Saudi Arabia
2005-Present
• King of Saudi Arabia
• did not allow US troops in
Saudi Arabia during Gulf War
• against US support of Israel
• tolerance for religious diversity
• attacking domestic terrorism
• diversifying economy
• 2011 announced women could
have right to vote in 2015
• wants US to stop Iran
• strict Sharia
Mahmoud Abbas
• Chairman of the PLO
(Palestinian Liberation
Organization)
• Fatah Party
• calls for peaceful
solution to conflict with
Israel BUT will not stop
militant groups
Palestine
2004-Present
Mahmoud Ahmadinejad
Iran
2005-present
• Shia (Mother is a Seyyede,
believed to be direct
descendant of Muhammad)
• in the Iranian Revolution
• modest life
• anti-relations with US and
anti-UN
• supporter of Nuclear policy
• encourages more children
and earlier marriage
• strongly Islamicist, Sharia
• corruption
Muammar Gaddafi
Libya
1969-2011
• Wanted a United States of
Africa
• chemical weapons and
WMDs
• Feb. 2011 protests against
his rule began
• fundamentalist Islam,
• pro-Palestine,
• supported anti-Western
terrorist groups (IRA, in
SEAsia, S. Africa
[Mandela’s ANC party])
• Socialist
• Sharia
• anti-Berber
Gaddafi: Style Icon
Osama Bin Laden
Afghanistan
1979-2011
• Founder of al-Qaeda
• Islamic Jihadist behind
September 11 attacks
• restoration of Sharia
• need for violent Jihad
against US
• elimination of Israel
• wanted US withdrawal
from middle east
• believed US culture
corrupt
Saddam Hussein
• Ba’ath Party
• overthrown by US because threat to
US interests in area
• nationalized Iraq’s oil
• invaded Iran in 1980 (after Iranian
revolution overthrew Sunni Minority,
allies with Iraq)
• Western nations supported Iraq-afraid
of Islamic fundamentalism
• ceasefire in 1988
Iraq
1979-2003
• 1990 invaded Kuwait (needed to
support his economy after war with
Iran)
• 1990s Shia and Kurdish uprisingscrushed by security forces
• no-fly zone established
• violations led to air strikes in 1993 and
1998
Yasser Arafat
Palestine
1996-2004
• President of Palestinian
National Authority
• PLO anti-Israel in 60s-70s
• more recently worked toward
peace with Israel
• Nobel Peace Prize in 1994
• developed the PLO into a
state-within-a-state in Jordan
• kicked out of Jordan and then
Lebanon and moved to Tunis
• 1988 PLO denounced
terrorism
• PLO supported Iraq in Gulf
War
Arab Spring Timeline
• Make an illustrated timeline
of the Arab Spring
• Begin with 17 December
2010 and continue through
the present
• For each date:
• Give the specific date
• Give it a title
• Write 2-3 sentences
describing what occurred
• Make a symbol representing
the event
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