Basic Anatomy Terms

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First found May 22, 2018

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Basic Anatomy Terms
TERM
Anatomical
Position
DEFINITION
Eyes and feet facing forward;
arms at side; palms up
BiTriMidline
Medial
Two
Three
Straight line through the cent of
the body creating two equal
sides
Away from the midline or on the
outside
Toward the midline
Anterior
Front
Posterior
Back
CardioAbduction
Adduction
External
Internal
-itis
Having to do with the heart
To move away from the body
To move towards the body
Outer
Inner
Inflammation of something
-ology
The study of something
Superior
Above
Inferior
Below
Osteo-
Having to do with bone
Voluntary
Can consciously contract; can
control it
Contracts without thinking about
it; cannot directly control it
Lateral
Involuntary
Contract
To shorten a muscle
Extend/Relax To lengthen a muscle
EXAMPLE
Bicep-two head muscle
Tricep-three head muscle
The line is going through
The midline of the circle
Lateral collateral ligament in on
the outside of your knee
Medial collateral ligament is on
the inside of your knee
Your face is on the anterior
side of your head
Your heal is on the posterior
side of your foot
Cardiovascular-heart and lungs
Fingers spread=abduction
Fingers together=adduction
Your skin is an external organ
Your heart is an internal organ
Bronchitis-inflammation of
bronchioles.
Zoology-the study of zoo
animals
Your head is superior to your
neck
Your feet are inferior to your
knees
Osteoartritis-inflammation of
the bone
Moving you arm to catch a ball
is a voluntary movement
Your heart is an involuntary
muscle. You don’t have to
think about it to make it beat.
When you contract you bicep,
the muscle balls up
When you extend your bicep, it
becomes flatter and longer.
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