What Makes Fiber Optic Cables Better Than Copper Cables?

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What Makes Fiber Optic Cables
Better Than Copper Cables?
Fiber Optic cables are the first choice when it comes to making network
installations and upgrades. This is because they transmit data really
fast. They’re also the most preferred option for enabling good quality
internet connection. So what else makes them superior to copper
cables? Let’s check out.
1. ​Thin and robust
As compared to copper cables, fiber cables are much lighter and
thinner in weight. Plus, as fiber doesn’t carry electric current, the data
transmission doesn’t get affected due to electromagnetic interference.
For every fiber optic cable, the pulling specifications are 10 times more
than copper cables. Also, storing and handing them is extremely easy
due to its small size. Unlike copper cables, they don’t offer fire hazard
which makes them safer to use.
2. ​Better Speed
There is a core in fiber optic cables that carries light in order to transmit
data. It enables the cables to carry signals at a speed which is only 31%
slower than the speed of light. And that is what makes them faster than
CAT5 or ​CAT6 copper cables. When you use fiber cables, you will
observe that there is much lesser signal degradation as compared to
copper cables.
3. ​Remarkable Bandwidth
Copper cables have a limited bandwidth as compared to ​fiber optic
cables​. This is because they were designed keeping the voice
transmission in mind. Fiber offers a standardized performance of up to
10 Gbps and has a greater bandwidth. It can also carry more
information with better fidelity as compared to copper wires. However,
the fiber speed depends on the type of cable used. Most of the CATV
and telephone companies are converting to fiber due to the kind of
bandwidth it offers.
4. ​Greater Reliability
Fiber optic cables are immune towards temperature changes, moisture
and extreme weather conditions. Its core is made of glass which acts
like an insulator letting no electric current flow through it. It also stops
any kind of electromagnetic interference and radio frequency
interference. So there is no need to worry even if you want to run a
fiber optic cable next to industrial equipment. Fiber cables are less
vulnerable to temperature changes and can also be submerged inside
5. ​Superior Security
With fiber cables, your data is much safer. It is not possible to tap a
fiber cable. Even if it is tapped, it is easy to monitor such an activity as
the cable leaks light and fails the entire system. Hence, if someone tries
to damage the physical security of your fiber system, you will get to
know about it in no time. As fiber networks enable you to put all your
hardware in a centralized location, you do not need to have wiring
closets with equipment all over your building.
6. ​Covers a Longer Distance
10 Gbps singlemode fiber cables have the capacity to carry signals up to
25 miles. Copper cables, on the other hand, have a typical 328 foot
limitation. The distance covered by a fiber optic cable depends on the
type of cable, its wavelength and the type of network it is used for.
If you want better and faster connectivity, it is advisable to choose
Fiber Optic cables over copper cables. You can buy these cables online
and choose the one that fits the best for your needs.
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