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2015 Homechool
Scope & Sequence
Preschool—Grade Twelve
abeka.com
1-877-A BEKA BOOK
(223-5226)
Scope & Sequence
Contents
Preschool . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
2- & 3-Year-Olds
Kindergarten . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
4-Year-Olds
Kindergarten . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
5-Year-Olds
First Grade . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Second Grade . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Third Grade . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
Fourth Grade . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
Fifth Grade . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
Sixth Grade . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
Secondary Subjects 7–12
English. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
Mathematics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129
History & Geography . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149
Science & Health. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 168
Bible . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 200
Electives
Foreign Languages. . . . . . . . . . . . . .208
Keyboarding/Document Processing . . . .213
Speech. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .214
Family & Consumer Sciences . . . . . . . .215
Art . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .216
Preschool
2- & 3-Year-Olds
Language Arts: Phonics
3-Year-Olds
Letters and Sounds for 3s is a beginning ABC book for three-year-olds.
Each new letter is introduced by an animal alphabet friend. This animal
friend helps the child recognize the letter and learn the letter’s sound.
Letters and Sounds for 3s is also designed to teach early writing skills.
Children learn letter formation and practice hand-eye coordination as they
trace or glue items to letters.
Added Enrichment
•• Lessons featuring 12 themes including
circus, farm, rain ­forest, community
helpers, children of the world, zoo
•• Games involving parades, animals, playing community helpers, and more (126)
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Phonics Skills Development
hh Recognize
hhIdentify
articles in a bag by touch
and unzip an item
hh Play games that include galloping, tightrope walking, bouncing a ball
hhZip
each ­letter’s shape and sound
Motor Skills Development
Creativity Development
hh Practice
hand-eye coordination:
hhTrace letter shapes
hhGlue objects on letter shape
hhWork puzzles
hhFish with magnet on pole
hhToss a beanbag
hh Animal
Alphabet Friends (26)
letters on picture fl
­ ashcards
hh Practice letter name and sound with Amber Lamb puppet and felt
letters
hh Learn a song for each letter
hh Recognize
Language Arts: Language
2- & 3-Year-Olds
Added Enrichment
Children love to learn new things. With the Language Development Visuals,
children develop their language and listening skills as they learn about and
discuss God’s creation and the people and world around them. Ninety-nine
topics include science, health, safety, manners, community helpers, geography,
history, family, colors, and shapes.
•• Corresponding poems in most lessons
•• Comprehension questions
•• Learning games
•• Picture flashcards (76)
•• Additional activities
•• Animal Alphabet Friends Flashcards (26)
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Language Skills Development
hhScience:
apples, eggs, Edison and light bulb, flowers, garden, magnets, night, jungle, peanuts, pond, rain forest, rubber, sea, spring,
fall, summer, winter, vegetables, water, wind and weather, zinnias
hhMiscellaneous topics: rainbow colors, What color is it?, shapes and
shape pictures, astronaut, buses and boats, cars, Eskimos, family,
farm, games, Here we go!, groceries, house, Indians, jelly, jam, juice,
jellybeans, kindergarten, names, olives, opposites, pairs of things,
quarter, quilt, reading, telephone, transportation, yarn, zipper, zoo
hh Develop
language and listening skills through 99 topical studies
including:
hhAnimals and their habitats: ants, arctic animals, bears, butterflies,
birds, cats, camels, ducks, dogs, forest animals, hummingbirds,
insects, jellyfish, jungle animals, koalas, ladybugs, lambs, mice,
ostriches, pandas, rabbits, reptiles, underground animals, woodpeckers
hhCountries around the world: Canada, England, Israel, Japan,
­Australia, Mexico, The Netherlands, land of Africa
hhHealth, safety, manners:
hhGod made me, healthy bodies, kitchen safety, manners, neighbors
hhSenses: tasting and smelling, seeing, hearing, touching
hhTable manners
hhCommunity helpers: doctor, dentist, firefighter, letter carrier,
nurse, pastor, police officer, veterinarian
hhCharacter development: kindness, listening, obeying quickly,
being quiet
Motor Skills Development
hh Increase
motor skills through language-driven activities:
games such as hide-and-seek, monkey tag, jellyfish tag, and
“Simon Says” (50)
hhFinger plays including “Fish for Fish,” “My House,” and “The Woodpecker’s Home” (20)
hhActivities involving play dough, building blocks, finger painting,
puzzles, and more (85)
hhColoring activities (5)
hhDirected drawings (18)
hhAction
1
Language cont. p. 2
Preschool
2- & 3-Year-Olds
Language cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Creativity Development
hh Poems
hh 237
special activities such as:
­certain foods for snacks
hhActing out familiar stories
hhBringing animals to the classroom
hhHaving community helpers visit the classroom
hhTaking field trips
hh Songs such as “Old MacDonald’s Farm” and “Oh, Be Careful” (13)
hhHaving
(77)
hh Games
involving feeding animals, pretending to help at home, finding
hidden items, matching pairs, and more (88)
Language Arts: Poetry
2- & 3-Year-Olds
Fun Poems and Finger Plays, a compilation of more than 120 poems and finger
plays, includes many of the traditional poems young children have enjoyed for
generations, together with new works in rhyme.
Added Enrichment
•• Additional resource poems and finger
plays (21)
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Skills Development hh Develop
use of appropriate expression
from exposure to basic literature skills such as rhyming words
hh Practice motor skills
hh Benefit
hh Memorize
hh Recite
poems and finger plays (42)
in unison
Numbers
2- & 3-Year-Olds
2-year-olds
2-year-olds
Learning Numbers with Button Bear
Learning
Numbers
Learning Numbers with Button Bear is a number-recognition and coloring book especially designed for two-year-olds. This text helps children to listen, follow directions,
and practice hand-eye coordination as they learn number concepts 1–10.
with
3-year-olds
3-year-olds
Numbers & Skills with Button Bear
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Numbers
& Skills
with
Numbers and Skills with Button Bear helps three-year-olds sharpen their
listening skills, follow directions, and practice hand-eye coordination
as they learn number concepts 1–15. Children enjoy tracing pathways,
doing dot-to-dot, and coloring large, simple forms on these skill sheets.
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abeka.com
16828901
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Numbers Skills Development
3-Yr.-Olds
•• Review counting from 1–25
hh Count from 26–30
•• Review number concepts 1–10
hh Understand number concepts 11–15:
hhCounting objects
hhNumber recognition
hhProper sequence
2-Yr.-Olds
hh Count from 1–25
hh Understand number concepts 1–10:
hhCounting objects
hhNumber recognition
hhProper sequence
2
Numbers cont. p. 3
Preschool
2- & 3-Year-Olds
Numbers cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Motor Skills Development
2-Yr.-Olds
Creativity Development
2-Yr.-Olds hh Jump
hh Learn
hh March
hh Count
and clap a given number of times
and hop while counting to a given number
hh Color given pictures
each number using Button Bear puppet
felt objects, paper objects such as acorns, flowers, apples,
leaves, points on a caribou’s antlers, money pieces, and toy animals
hh Apply skills and concepts in activities such as counting animals,
picking apples, delivering the mail, and feeding peanuts to an
“elephant” (64 games)
3-Yr.-Olds
•• Break a piñata
•• Jump and clap a given number of times
•• March and hop while counting to a given number
•• Color
hh Trace and follow dot-to-dots
Bible
3-Yr.-Olds
•• Learn each number using Button Bear puppet
hh Practice number recognition and concepts with puppet,
felt numbers, and objects
hh Apply skills and concepts in activities such as placing dots on ladybug,
shopping in a grocery store, delivering the mail, building a turtle shell,
and gathering eggs (76 games)
2- & 3-Year-Olds
3-year-olds
Preschool Bible Coloring Sheets provide a review for Bible stories that children have
heard during Bible time. These 40 coloring sheets are assigned in the Preschool Curriculum to be done during Skills Development time.
Large, colorful A Beka Book Flash-a-Cards are designed to hold each
child’s interest as he learns about God and His Son, Jesus. Selected Old
and New Testament lessons are presented using Old Testament Stories,
Series 1 & 2, and New Testament Stories, Series 1 & 2.
´0~O!J¨
16944701
Evaluation
•• Memory verses (not graded)
Preschoolers will also enjoy learning about the first Thanksgiving, the
birth of Christ, and Christ’s resurrection while viewing the Holiday Stories
Flash-a-Cards. At the end of the year, a cumulative review of Bible lessons will help children remember what they have learned.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Lessons
hh Holiday
lessons (7):
the First Thanksgiving, Birth of Jesus, Shepherds See the
Savior, Wise Men Worship Jesus, Triumphal Entry and Last Supper,
Christ’s Crucifixion and Resurrection, Jesus Appears Alive and
Returns to Heaven
174 A Beka Flash-a-Cards
hhCover
hh Old
Testament lessons (18): ­
biblical events and people including: Creation, Adam
and Eve, Noah, Abraham, Isaac (2), Joseph, Moses, Hannah,
Samuel, David (3), Elijah, Elisha and Naaman, Daniel, Queen
Esther, Jonah
hh New Testament lessons (22):
hhInclude events in the life of Christ and some of the stories Jesus
told such as Jesus’ Boyhood, Follow Me, First Miracle, Woman
at Well, Nobleman’s Son, Fishing with Jesus, Jesus Heals
Paralyzed Man, Beside the Pool, Jesus Stills the Storm, Jairus’s
Daughter, Feeding Five Thousand, Jesus Walks on Water, Blind
Bartimaeus, Ten Lepers, Good Samaritan, Lost Lamb, Prodigal
Son, Jesus Loves the Children, Rich Young Ruler, Zacchaeus,
Friends at Bethany, Heaven
hhFeature
Music
37 songs
hh Choruses,
holiday songs, patriotic songs
Memory Work
•• Place stickers on verse chart after correctly reciting verse:
hh2-
and 3-yr.-olds: new verses (10 each)
•• 3-yr.-olds: review verses (9)
Prayer Time
hh Learn
3
to pray with thanksgiving
Preschool
Music
2- & 3-Year-Olds
2- & 3-Year-Olds
Fun Songs for Little Ones contains 50 songs including both traditional and
newer songs young children love. The sing-along CD makes song time easy
for the teacher and enjoyable for the children.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Skills Development
Variety of Songs to Memorize
50 songs
hh Animal
songs, motion songs, seasonal songs
songs about the alphabet, character building, colors, counting,
family, and food
hh Reinforce
letters and numbers being taught
hh Understand message of the song
hh Improve coordination by using motions to keep time with words
hh Benefit from fun activities that spark and keep interest: making
appropriate animal sounds; using hand motions; placing their
name in a song
Arts & Crafts
Second Edition
2sK4
Arts & Crafts with Button Bear has
been designed to give two-year-olds
delightful opportunities to enjoy art as
they develop motor skills. The ­variety
of projects, which introduces young
children to basic art and craft concepts,
correlates with academics, Bible teaching, seasons, and holidays.
Second Edition
3s
Child Art for 2s gives children additional
art sheets emphasizing coloring skills.
´0s3!G¨
16831901
3-yr-olds
Preschool
3-year-olds
Preschool
2-year-olds
2s
2- & 3-Year-Olds
3-yr-olds
2-yr-olds
2-yr-olds
hh Fun
´[email protected]¨
16835101
Second Edition
Second Edition
The colorful projects in Arts & Crafts with
Amber Lamb give three-year-olds delightful
opportunities to enjoy art and develop motor
skills while they paint, glue, and color projects with seasonal, biblical, and fun themes.
Three-year-olds learn colors and shapes,
learn how to follow directions, and develop
hand-eye coordination with the projects in
Child Art for 3s. Pictures have been drawn
with wide, colorful lines in simple styles with
the preschooler in mind.
Added Enrichment
Added Enrichment
•• Child Art for 2s: coloring pages that
•• Child Art for 3s:
•• Coloring pages that coordinate with themed
coordinate with themed topics
´0sC!w¨
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topics
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•• Occasional poems to enhance coloring page
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Reinforce Language Development topics
•• Gluing, coloring
Skills Development
2-Yr.-Olds 51 projects
hh Recognize 8 colors: red, yellow, blue, green, purple, orange, black,
brown
hh Recognize 4 shapes: square, circle, rectangle, triangle
hh Apply proper colors to guided practice activities
hh Reinforce Language Development topics
hh Coloring, gluing, taping, applying glitter
hh Folding
•• Applying glitter
Technique Development
2-Yr.-Olds
hh Coloring in the lines
hh Finger painting, sponge painting
3-Yr.-Olds 52 projects
•• Review 8 colors and 4 shapes
hh Associate groups of objects with colors
hh Develop comprehension by answering thinking questions
3-Yr.-Olds
•• Coloring in the lines, gluing, finger painting, sponge painting
hh 3-D Objects
4
Kindergarten
 Children have been introduced to some
Language Arts: Phonics
Added Enrichment
ABC-123 contains brightly-colored exercises that will appeal to 4-year-olds
and reinforce their beginning ­phonics and reading skills.
K4
K4 Phonics
and Numbers
Fifth Edition
4-Year-Olds
K4 concepts in preschool curriculum.
Writing with Phonics K4 provides phonics practice later in the year.
•• A Beka Book games (19)
•• Additional games and activities (45)
•• Enrichment activities (37)
•• Guided and independent practice
activities
Evaluation
´-u9!Z¨
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•• Oral evaluations (8) include letter
recognition, blending, and reading
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Skills Development
hh Apply
phonics concepts to reading:
hhBlends
hh Recognize:
hhOne-
and two-vowel words
sentences and stories
hhLearn sight words the, a, and I
hhLearn purpose of a story title
hhLearn that words ending in ’s are possessive
hh Know to:
hhCapitalize letters at beginning of sentences
hhPlace period at end of sentences
hh Apply phonics concepts through abundant guided and independent
practice activities including:
hhLetter picture recognition and association
hhBlend and word association with picture
hhSound recognition
hhDictation for developing sound recognition and spelling application
hhThe
five vowels and their short sounds
hhThe 21 consonants and their sounds
hhThe long sounds of the five vowels
hh Blend a consonant and vowel together (19 consonants)
hh Sound one- and two-vowel words
hh Learn these phonics rules:
hhc / k rule: k goes with i and e; c goes with the other three, a, o, and u
hhWhen c and k come together we say the sound only once
hhs can say “s” or “z”
hhq is always followed by u; vowel sound students hear will not be
short u, but sound of vowel which follows u
hhWhen a word ends in a double consonant, we say its sound only
once
hh One- and two-vowel words phonetically
hhSimple
Language Arts: Reading
Little Books 1–12 and Animal Friends Books 1–8 are the basis of the K4
reading program. The Little Books give children practice reading letters,
words, and simple sentences. Each book is short enough to complete
in two or three sessions. Later, students are thrilled to be able to read
simple stories in their very own Animal Friends readers.
Materials
•• Readers (20)
•• Letter Picture Flashcards,
Blend Practice Cards A, and
One-Vowel Word Cards for review
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Skills Development
hh Successfully
follow along with oral readers
oral skills including:
hhAccuracy
hhExpressive reading
hhSmoothness
hhAppropriate pace
hh Build
hh Apply
phonics sounds and rules
accuracy
hh Improve comprehension
hh Read sight words the, a, I
hh Receive differentiated instruction with ability grouping
hh Achieve
5
Reading cont. p. 6
Kindergarten
4-Year-Olds
Reading cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Little Book 9 reviews 5 vowels, s, j, n, d, and k; practices y and v,
Readers
blending y and v with several vowels and reading several one-vowel
words; combines these letters to read one short sentence; includes a
written exercise matching capital with lowercase letters, matching letters with pictures beginning with that sound, and pictures to color
•• Little Book 10 reviews 5 vowels, d, j, y, v, and t; practices w and z,
blending w and z with several vowels and reading several one-vowel
words; combines these letters to read one short sentence; includes a
written exercise matching capital with lowercase letters, matching letters with pictures beginning with that sound, and pictures to color
•• Little Book 11 reviews 5 vowels, v, w, y, and z; practices w and z, blending w and z with several vowels and reading many one-vowel words;
combines these letters to read one short sentence including sight
word the; includes a written exercise matching capital with lowercase
letters, matching words with pictures, and pictures to color
•• Little Book 12 reviews 5 vowels, w, x, z, and q; practices reading several words and short sentences including sight words a and the which
make up two stories; includes a written exercise matching words with
pictures and pictures to color
•• Tip and Gus are readers that include a warm-up with several one-vowel
words, a review of sight words a and the, the “z” sound for the letter s
sometimes, and a story made up of one-vowel words and sight words.
•• The reader Tess and Bess includes a warm-up with several one-vowel
words, a review of sight words a and the, and a story made up of these
and other one-vowel words and sight words, observing new punctuation, and practicing appropriate expression
•• Matt the Rat includes a warm-up with several one-vowel words many
of them ending in double consonants, blending two consonants, a
review of sight words I, a, and the, and a story made up of these and
other one-vowel words, rhyming words, and sight words.
•• Pet Pete practices one- and two-vowel rules; includes several (5)
exercises for phonetically marking short and long sounds in one- and
two-vowel words and a story made up of these and other words;
encourages observing new punctuation and practicing appropriate
expression
•• Jake practices one- and two-vowel rules; includes several (4) exercises
for phonetically marking short and long sounds in one- and two-vowel
words and a story made up of these and other words
•• Dave and A Pal practice many one- and two-vowel words; each
includes a story made up of many one- and two-vowel words
•• Little Book 1 practices 5 vowels (names and sounds); includes a
written exercise matching capital with lowercase letters
•• Little Book 2 practices 5 vowels, and consonants m, s, and r
(names and sounds); practices blending consonants m, s, and r
with a vowel and reading a one-vowel word; includes a written
exercise matching capital with lowercase letters, matching letters
with pictures beginning with that sound, and pictures to color
•• Little Book 3 reviews 5 vowels, m, r, and s; practices b and t,
blending b and t with a vowel and reading one-vowel words for
each; combines these letters to read one short sentence; includes
a written exercise matching capital with lowercase letters, matching letters with pictures beginning with that sound, and pictures
to color
•• Little Book 4 reviews 5 vowels, m, r, s, t, and b; practices f and g,
blending f and g with a vowel and reading one-vowel words for
each; combines these letters to read one short sentence; includes
a written exercise matching capital with lowercase letters, matching letters with pictures beginning with that sound, and pictures
to color
•• Little Book 5 reviews 5 vowels, f, t, b, s, and g; practices p and
h, blending p and h with several vowels and reading several onevowel words; combines these letters to read one short sentence;
includes a written exercise matching capital with lowercase letters,
matching letters with pictures beginning with that sound, and
pictures to color
•• Little Book 6 reviews 5 vowels, p, f, h, b, and g; practices l and c,
blending l and c with several vowels and reading several onevowel words; combines these letters to read one short sentence;
includes a written exercise matching capital with lowercase letters,
matching letters with pictures beginning with that sound, and
pictures to color
•• Little Book 7 reviews 5 vowels, c, l, p, h, and m; practices k and
n, blending k and n with several vowels and reading several onevowel words; combines these letters to read one short sentence;
includes a written exercise matching capital with lowercase letters,
matching letters with pictures beginning with that sound, and
pictures to color
•• Little Book 8 reviews 5 vowels, r, l, c, n, and k; practices d and j,
blending d and j with several vowels and reading several onevowel words; combines these letters to read one short sentence;
includes a written exercise matching capital with lowercase letters,
matching letters with pictures beginning with that sound, and
pictures to color
6
Kindergarten
4-Year-Olds
Language Arts: Language
The Language Development Teacher Guide and 76 accompanying picture
flashcards provide a delightful way for children to expand their language skills
as they learn new vocabulary words, increase listening skills as they hear new
information and then answer questions, and strengthen motor skills as they
­participate in fun games and activities. By learning about the world around
them, children will develop an appreciation for God’s creation.
Added Enrichment
•• Picture flashcards (76)
•• Corresponding poems in most l­essons
•• Comprehension questions, learning
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Language Skills Development
games, additional activities
•• Animal Alphabet Friends Flashcards (26)
(optional)
hhMiscellaneous
topics: rainbow colors, What color is it?, shapes and
shape pictures, astronaut, buses and boats, cars, Eskimos, family,
farm, games, Here we go!, groceries, house, Indians, jelly, jam, juice,
jellybeans, names, olives, opposites, pairs of things, quarter, quilt,
reading, telephone, transportation, yarn, zipper, zoo
hh Develop
language and listening skills through 99 topical studies
including:
hhAnimals and their habitats: ants, arctic animals, bears, butterflies,
birds, cats, camels, ducks, dogs, forest animals, hummingbirds,
insects, jellyfish, jungle animals, koalas, ladybugs, lambs, mice,
ostriches, pandas, rabbits, reptiles, underground animals, woodpeckers
hhCountries around the world: Canada, England, Israel, Japan,
Australia, Mexico, The Netherlands, land of Africa
hhHealth, safety, manners:
hhGod made me, healthy bodies, kitchen safety, manners, neighbors
hhSenses: tasting and smelling, seeing, hearing, touching
hhCommunity helpers: doctor, dentist, firefighter, letter carrier,
nurse, pastor, police officer, veterinarian
hhCharacter development: kindness, listening, obeying quickly,
being quiet
hhScience: apples, eggs, Edison and light bulb, flowers, garden,
magnets, night, jungle, peanuts, pond, rain forest, rubber, sea,
spring and fall seasons, summer and winter seasons, vegetables,
water, wind and weather, zinnias
Motor Skills Development
games (50), finger plays (20)
hh Activities such as dress-up, puzzles, working with play dough, making
and flying a kite (85)
hh Coloring activities and directed drawings (23)
hh Action
Creativity Development
hh Poems
(78)
hh Games
about feeding animals, practicing table manners and household chores, counting different objects, and more (87)
hh Additional activities such as identifying and associating tastes and
sounds, acting out familiar ­stories, making apple prints, listening to
recorded animal sounds (238)
hh Songs (13)
Language Arts: Cursive Writing
Kindergartners love to “write like Mom and Dad.” In the ABC Writing Tablet and
Writing with Phonics K4, they practice tracing and then writing the lowercase letters of the alphabet and 12 capital letters in cursive. By the end of the year, they
are writing blends and words and their own first name.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Skills Development
hh Correctly
write:
lowercase letters and 12 capital letters
hhBlends and one-vowel words
hhSmooth connections between difficult letter blends
hh Follow step-by-step instruction using key strokes: waves, loops, ovals,
mountains
hh26
hh Achieve:
hh Good
writing posture, proper pencil hold, and slanted paper position
writing
hhCorrect letter placement and formation
hhIncreased hand-eye coordination through tracing
hhGood overall appearance
hhWriting first name
hhCareful
7
Kindergarten
4-Year-Olds
Language Arts: Poetry
The purpose of Poetry for You and Me is to acquaint children with a wide
variety of good poetry through classroom recitation and memorization.
Children are exposed to poetry by well-known authors such as “A Good
Boy” by Robert Louis Stevenson and “Hiding” by Dorothy Aldis.
Fun Poems and Finger Plays includes simple rhymes coupled with finger
actions. Instead of singing the rhyme, the children act out the finger
play. Finger plays have a twofold purpose: to entertain and to teach
through play. They instruct, aid motor control and observation skills,
and help the memory span.
Added Enrichment
•• Poems and finger plays (94):
•• Build appreciation for biblical
creation
•• Present and encourage good
character traits
•• Additional resource poems and finger
plays (21)
•• Poetry is part of activity time which
also includes drama (acting out
children’s stories and nursery rhymes),
music, Bible Activity book, and art.
Included in daily lesson plans.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Skills Development
hh Increase
comprehension through questions that encourage listening
and thinking skills
hh Identify with main characters
hhBenefit from exposure to basic literature skills such as rhyming words
hhPractice motor skills and observation skills
hh Gain vocabulary enrichment such as understanding and producing
rhyming words and opposite words
hh Memorize
22 poems, 4 finger plays, and 12 nursery rhymes
i­ncluding actions and motions
hh Develop appreciation and enjoyment of a wide variety of appealing rhymes and classic poetry
hh Recite in unison
hh Gain confidence performing in front of an audience
hh Develop use of appropriate expression
Numbers
K4
K4 Phonics
and Numbers
Fifth Edition
In K4, children learn to recognize and understand the concepts of numbers. By
the end of the year, they will be able to count from 1 to 100, recognize numbers
1–20, distinguish before and after numbers, and answer simple combinations.
ABC-123 has practice pages that reinforce the concepts and the formation of
numbers 1 to 20 by having children count and color familiar objects.
´-u9!Z¨
13852501
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Numbers
Added Enrichment
•• A Beka Book games (17)
•• Additional games (36)
•• Enrichment activities (39)
•• Many guided and independent practice
activities
hh Comparing:
hhLarger
and smaller
and after 1–20
hhMore or less
hhLargest and smallest 1–20
hh Addition:
hhRecognize symbols:
hh+ (plus)
hh= (equal)
hhAdd 1 to 1–9 using concrete objects
hhAdd number 1 to numbers 1–9:
hhOrdered and in mixed order
hhHorizontal and vertical format
hh Establish
building blocks of learning numbers through object
counting
hh Recognize numbers 1–20
hh Recognize concepts 1–20
hh Develop observation, listening, and motor skills through counting
sounds and counting while clapping, jumping, hopping
hh Count by ones to 100
hh Write numbers 1–20
hh Associate sets of concrete objects and pictorial representations
with numbers
hh Develop concepts of patterning and sequencing using colors,
shapes, and numbers
hh Connect numbers 1–20 in sequence by dot-to-dot
hhBefore
Geometry
hh Recognize
8
shapes: circle, square, rectangle, triangle
Kindergarten
4-Year-Olds
Developmental Skills
Readiness Skills K4 includes pages that help develop children’s listening skills and motor
coordination through activities such as following instructions, coloring, cutting, and directed
drawing. Free art, which allows children to draw or color their own original creations on art
paper, will also help develop visual perception and motor skills.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Social & Personal Skills Development
hhConnecting
dot-to-dots, coloring by number
sets of items
hhIncludes thinking questions
hh Motor skills development:
hhRefining motor skills through:
hhColoring
hhTracing
hhCutting
hhManipulatives such as:
hhPlay dough, puzzles, interlocking and building blocks
hhLacing cards and beads
hhFollowing step-by-step instructions for directed drawing with
­placement of lines and shapes
hh Listening skills development: learn to follow step-by-step directions
hh Language skills development: development of vocabulary and
usage—recognizing 29 sets of opposites and 14 positional words with
picture interpretation
hhMatching
hh Develop
skills with coordinating character-building stories, including
biblical character traits encouraging kindness, courtesy, gentleness,
obedience, truthfulness, attentiveness, respect, good manners,
helpfulness, cheerfulness, orderliness, diligence, dependability,
thoughtfulness, self control, unselfishness, and generosity
hh Health and safety skills development:
hhPromote:
hhHome safety, playground safety, community safety, and recognizing and obeying simple ­traffic signs
hhPersonal hygiene, nutrition, rest, exercise
hh Visual perception skills development:
hhBuilds visual perception skills through:
hhSeparating out items in a grouping
hhManeuvering through mazes
hhFinding hidden shapes
hhRecognizing and reproducing missing parts
Bible
Large, colorful Flash-a-Cards are used to hold the children’s interest as they learn about God
and His Son, Jesus. Selected Old Testament stories are presented using Old Testament Stories,
Series 1 & 2, and New Testament lessons use New Testament Stories, Series 1 & 2. Holiday Stories teach the events surrounding the first Thanksgiving, the birth of Christ, and the resurrection.
Evaluation
•• Memory verses and
passage (not graded)
K4 Bible Activity Book is correlated with the Bible stories taught in the K4 Bible curriculum.
These 72 activities are designed to bring Bible truths to mind again during activity time later on
in the day. Activities include counting, drawing, comparing, dot-to-dot, and color by number.
Some activities will be used in assembling New Testament and Old Testament story books.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
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13861401
abeka.com
Lessons
Jairus’s Daughter, Feeding Five Thousand, Jesus Walks on Water, Blind
Bartimaeus, Jesus Loves the Children, Rich Young Ruler, Zacchaeus,
Friends at Bethany, Heaven, Ten Lepers; also includes some stories
Jesus told such as Good Samaritan, Lost Lamb, Prodigal Son
hh Holiday lessons (7):
hhCover the first Thanksgiving, Birth of Jesus, Shepherds See the
Savior, Wise Men Worship Jesus, Triumphal Entry and Last Supper,
Christ’s Crucifixion and Resurrection, Jesus Appears Alive and
Returns to Heaven
174 A Beka Flash-a-Cards
hh Old
Testament lessons (18): ­
biblical events and people including: Adam and Eve,
Noah, Abraham, Isaac (2), Joseph, Moses, Hannah, Samuel,
David (3), Elijah, Elisha and Naaman, Daniel, Queen Esther, Jonah
hh New Testament lessons (22):
hhInclude events in the life of Christ: Jesus’ Boyhood, Follow Me,
First Miracle, Woman at Well, Nobleman’s Son, Fishing with Jesus,
Jesus Heals Paralyzed Man, Beside the Pool, Jesus Stills the Storm,
hhFeature
9
Bible cont. p. 10
Kindergarten
4-Year-Olds
Bible cont.
Music
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Doctrinal Drill
38 songs
hh Choruses,
hh Increase
Bible knowledge of basic doctrines: the Bible, God, sin, salvation, heaven, assurance of salvation
holiday songs, ­patriotic songs
Memory Work
hh Place
Prayer Time
sticker on verse chart after correctly reciting verse:
verses (26) and new passage: The Lord’s Prayer
hhNew
hh Learn
to pray with thanksgiving for God’s creation, each other, school,
parents, and country
Music
Added Enrichment
Preschool Fun Songs contains traditional songs that boys and girls have enjoyed
singing for generations—songs that are part of our rich American heritage.
These songs are mixed with fun, new songs that will appeal to all children.
•• Activities that spark and keep
­interest:
•• Making animal sounds
•• Reinforcing alphabet and numbers
1–10 musically
•• Activities encouraging ­interaction
and social skills
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Singing poetry
Skills Development 4 9 songs
Variety of Songs to Memorize
creativity acting out story in song
hh Develop motor skills through motion songs
hh Follow a song leader and stay together with classmates or CD
hh Animal
hh Exercise
songs, Mother Goose rhymes, songs to act out, motion songs,
finger plays, songs with character-building and biblical principles,
holiday songs, and other fun songs
Arts & Crafts
K4
Art Projects K4 provides children with 36 bright, colorful projects which include
coloring, painting, cutting, and gluing. Practicing these skills will aid in the
development of small-muscle coordination.
Third Edition
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
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13858401
Skills & Concept Development
hh Develop
hh Projects
include: animal, seasonal, and scriptural themes
promote:
hhCreativity with puppets
hhEncourage storytelling and drama
hhRecitation of poetry and rhymes
hhMaking projects that visualize songs
36 projects
hh Projects
fine motor skills with:
hhGluing
hhColoring
hhFolding
hhIncorporating
hhApplying
moving parts
glitter
Technique Development
hhCutting
hh Finger
painting (5 lessons)
objects (4)
hh Coloring with chalk (2)
hh Assembling cards and puzzles
hhTracing
hh 3-D
hhIncrease
listening skills through following step-by-step instructions to complete more difficult projects
hhDrawing
hhWriting their name
10
Kindergarten
Language Arts: Phonics
5-Year-Olds
K5 & AK5
Added Enrichment
Students enjoy the varied activities found in ­Letters and Sounds K5 as they
learn and review vowel and consonant sounds, blends, one- and two-vowel
words, words with special sounds, and sentence comprehension.
K5
vt
Letters and Sounds K5
sea
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99201001
(K5 56 /AK5 59)
•• Enrichment activities (K5/AK5 9)
Second Edition
Ff
Evaluation
fi˘
˘
fish
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•• A Beka Book games (K5 18 /AK5 16)
•• Additional games and activities
sand
˘
•• Graded written papers to check com-
Second Edition
prehension of c­ oncepts (20)
•• Oral evaluations (11; to determine individual
˘ ˘ ly
dragonf
˘
mushroom
˘
frog
leaf
¯/
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
application of ­phonics concepts in reading blends
and words)
•• Apply phonics concepts to reading:
•• Blends
•• One- and two-vowel words
•• Simple sentences and stories
Skills Development
K5
•• Master:
•• The five vowels and their short and long sounds using letter sound
association
•• The 21 consonants and their sounds using letter sound association
•• Blend a consonant and vowel together
•• Sound one- and two-vowel words
•• Master one- and two-vowel rules
•• Learn and review these phonics rules:
•• c / k rule: k goes with i and e; c goes with the other three, a, o, and
u.
•• When c and k come together, we say the sound only once.
•• s can say “s” or “z.”
•• q is always followed by u. Vowel sound students hear will not be
short u, but sound of vowel which follows u.
•• When a word ends in a double consonant, we say its sound only
once.
hh Recognize and read 49 special sounds and clue words (special
sounds include 27 consonant blends, 5 consonant digraphs, 5 diphthongs, and 12 letters / letter groups that say a special sound)
hh Learn the following rules for special sounds:
hhck follows a short vowel.
hhe and o say their long sound when they are only vowel at end of
short word; y says long i when only vowel at end of short word.
hhth in thick is a whisper sound and very quiet; th in this is a voiced
sound and louder.
hhsh and ch can come at the beginning or end of a word.
hhou usually comes in the middle of a word.
•• Mark:
•• One- and two-vowel words phonetically
hhSpecial sounds phonetically
hhWords
with special sounds
words
hh Apply phonics concepts to spell dictated words, including words with
two different ending consonants (band)
•• Review the sight words the, a, and I
hh Learn to read the sight words to, do, and of
•• Learn purpose of a story title
•• Recognize words that rhyme
•• Learn that words ending in ’s are possessive
•• Know to:
•• Capitalize letters at beginning of sentences
•• Place period at end of sentences
hhPlace exclamation point or question mark at end of sentences
•• Apply phonics concepts through abundant guided and independent
practice activities including:
•• Letter picture recognition and association
•• Blend and word association with picture
hhAssociate sentence with picture
hhColor by letter and sound
hhDecode hidden pictures through letters and sounds
•• Sound recognition
•• Choose the correct ending sound / letter
•• Choose the correct beginning sound/letter
•• Dictation for developing sound recognition and spelling application
hhWord recognition with creative drawing
hhFinish the sentence
hhOrder words correctly to finish a sentence
hhCompound
Advanced K5
hh AK5 students learn all of the sounds and rules that are taught in
regular K5. AK5 students also learn and apply 83 additional special
sounds, including 11 suffixes and 5 prefixes (special sounds include
27 consonant blends, 5 diphthongs, 9 consonant digraphs, and 75
­letters / letter groups that say a special sound)
11
Kindergarten
5-Year-Olds
Language Arts: Reading
K5
I Can
Read Well
The Basic Phonics Readers are twelve small r­ eaders that are an excellent introduction to r­ eading.
The stories and word pages are correlated with the phonics sounds that are presented in class,
beginning with one-vowel words and then progressing to two-vowel words. Kindergartners are
thrilled with how rapidly they are able to move from one reader to the next. Students will gain a
firm foundation in reading and develop a love for books that will last a lifetime.
3
Book
K5a
This book belongs to me:
I Learn
to Read
Materials
Basic Phonics Reading Program
Book
1
58 words
K5
I Do
Read
Book
2
This book
belongs
to me:
Basic Phoni
cs Readi
This book
belongs
ng Progr
am
•• My Blend and Word Book contains
blends, one- and two-vowel words,
words with simple consonant blends
and digraphs
•• Readers (K5 13 readers / AK5 23 readers)
•• Family Fun readers (AK5 7)
•• Primary Bible Reader (AK5)
•• Friends and Helpers readers (AK5 3)
Evaluation
•• K5 oral reading grades taken
bi-weekly beginning second
semester
•• AK5 oral reading grades taken
bi-weekly beginning second six
weeks
to me:
am
ng Progr
cs Readi
Basic Phoni
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Reading Skills Development
block; includes observing punctuation, practicing appropriate expression, answering oral comprehension questions, and defining vocabulary
words
•• I Do Read, Book 4 contains 8 stories reading one- and two-vowel words,
sight words including says, words ending in two consonants, simple compound words, and words beginning with simple consonant blends; includes
observing punctuation, use of apostrophes, practicing smooth reading and
appropriate expression, and answering oral comprehension questions
•• I Can Read Well, Book 1 contains 11 stories reading one- and two-vowel
words, sight words, words ending in two consonants, simple consonant
blend words containing special sounds such as fl in flake, gl in glue,
bl in block, cl in clock, pl in plane, and sl in sleep; developing appropriate expression, answering oral comprehension questions, and defining
vocabulary words
•• I Can Read Well, Book 2 contains 11 stories reading one- and two-vowel
words, sight words; practices words ending in two consonants, more
difficult consonant blend words containing special sounds such as br
in bride, cr in crab, dr in drum, and pr in pray; developing appropriate expression, answering oral comprehension questions, and defining
vocabulary words
•• I Can Read Well, Book 3 contains 7 stories reading one- and two-vowel
words, sight words; practices words ending in two consonants, words
with diphthongs, and many more difficult consonant blend words containing special sounds such as sh in ship, sm in smoke, st in stop, ay in
pray, pl in plane, sw in swim, gl in glue, tr in train, fl in flake, cl in clock,
squ in squeak, scr in scream, dr in drum, cr in crab, str in stream, sp in
spade, spl in splash, ch in church, thr in three, tw in twins, th in thick,
th in this, o in go; developing appropriate expression, answering oral
comprehension questions , and defining vocabulary words
•• I Can Read Well, Book 4 contains 13 stories reading one- and two-vowel
words, sight words including Bible, are, they, and from, words ending in
two consonants, simple compound words, words with digraphs, diphthongs, and consonant blend words containing special sounds such as sh
in ship, st in stop, ay in pray, pr in pray, pl in plane, sw in swim, gl in glue,
tr in train, fl in flake, cl in clock, squ in squeak, scr in scream, dr in drum,
cr in crab, bl in block, str in stream, sn in snack, ch in church, thr in three,
tw in twins, th in thick, th in this, o in go, ow in owl, ou in out, ar in stars,
ir in bird, fr in frog, ur in nurse, er in verse, ow in bowl, sc in scat, sk in
skate, sp in spade, br in bride, gr in grin, oo in book, wor in worms, igh in
night, or in morning; developing appropriate expression, answering oral
comprehension questions, and defining vocabulary words
•• I Can Read Well, Book 5, Our Week contains one story divided into 7
little stories reading one- and two-vowel words, sight words, words
ending in two consonants, words with digraphs, diphthongs, and
K5 Readers 14 readers
hh Read and decode by applying phonics sounds, 47 special sounds,
rules, and 12 sight words
•• Improve: accuracy, correct enunciation, expression, comprehension
hh Strive for: smoothness, fluency, appropriate volume, alertness to
punctuation
•• Receive differentiated instruction with ability grouping
•• I Learn to Read, Book 1 practices 5 vowels (names and sounds);
blends consonants and vowels; practices reading one-vowel words,
words ending in double consonants, sight word the, and one short
sentence; includes an oral comprehension question
•• I Learn to Read, Book 2 practices 5 vowels, blending consonants and
vowels, reading one-vowel words, sight word a, phrases, and several
short sentences; practices use of apostrophes, words ending in two
different consonants, and the “z” sound for the letter s sometimes;
includes observing new punctuation and practicing appropriate
expression; includes oral comprehension questions
•• I Learn to Read, Book 3 practices blends, reading one-vowel words,
sight word to and several short sentences; includes observing new
punctuation, practicing appropriate expression, and answering oral
comprehension questions
•• I Learn to Read, Book 4 practices one- and two-vowel rules, reading
short and long vowel sounds; demonstrates phonetically marked
vowels; reading similar one- and two-vowel words, sight words, and
several short sentences; includes observing punctuation and practicing appropriate expression, answering oral comprehension questions
and defining vocabulary
•• I Do Read, Book 1 practices blends, adding double consonants, and
blending two different consonants; contains 5 little stories reading
one- and two-vowel words, sight words, and several short sentences,
use of apostrophes, two consonants; includes observing punctuation,
practicing appropriate expression, answering oral comprehension
questions, and defining vocabulary words
•• I Do Read, Book 2 contains 9 little stories reading one- and twovowel rules, sight words including to, several short sentences, words
ending in two different consonants; includes observing punctuation,
practicing appropriate expression, and answering oral comprehension questions
•• I Do Read, Book 3 contains 11 little stories reading one- and twovowel words, sight words including I, was, and of, words ending in
two consonants, simple compound words, and simple consonant
blends found at the beginning of a word such as st in stop and bl in
12
Reading cont. p. 13
Kindergarten
5-Year-Olds
Reading cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
consonant blend words containing special sounds (from Basic Phonics Charts 6–8) such as sh in ship, st in stop, ay in pray, pr in pray,
pl in plane, gl in glue, tr in train, cl in clock, sl in sleep, y in fly, dr in
drum, sn in snack, ch in church, th in this, e in me, o in go, ou in out,
ar in stars, ir in bird, fr in frog, ur in nurse, ow in bowl, br in bride,
oo in book, wor in worms, igh in night, or in morning, and more
advanced words; developing appropriate expression, and answering
oral comprehension questions
special sounds such as ph in phone, -ly in slowly, ow in owl, -ed in played,
th in this, all in ball, ch in church, dr in drum, be in because, old in gold, g
in giant, e in me, br in bride, aw in saw, er in verse, -ed in wanted, ould in
could, c in city, ey in obey, wh in whale, ar in stars, a- in asleep, ear in ear,
sp in spade, sl in sleep, ay in pray, th in thick, st in stop, bl in block, pr in
pray, sh in ship, fl in flake, ew in flew, tw in twins, ought in thought, gr in
grin, igh in night, ou in out, or in morning, kn in knot, aught in caught, ea
in thread, -ing in pointing, y in fly, oi in coin, cr in crab, ear in earth, wr in
wrinkle, le in little, ing in king, ea in leaf, oo in book, thr in three, ind in
kind, o in shovel, y in baby, fr in frog, tr in train, ea in steak, arr in carry, pl
in plane, a in adopt, a in banana, wh in who, ch in chorus, -ed in looked,
ang in bang, -en in sharpen, al- in also, o in go, or in sailor, scr in scream,
tion in nation, war in warm, ir in bird, -es in peaches, are in care, un- in
unbutton, wor in worms, cl in clock, oy in boy, gl in glue, ow in bowl, ture
in pasture, ank in bank, -ful in wonderful, wa in wash, -est in biggest, ure
in pure; answering oral comprehension questions and defining vocabulary
words
•• Family Fun by the Lake, Book 1 contains one story divided into 3 parts
reading one- and two-vowel words, advanced words to watch for: to,
thank you, from, of, into; includes words ending in two consonants,
practice words, digraphs, diphthongs, and consonant blend words containing special sounds (from Basic Phonics Charts 6–8) such as fl in flake,
sp in spade, pl in plane, ay in pray, tr in train, st in stop, sw in swim, gr
in grin, th in thick, sh in ship, str in stream, spl in splash, cl in clock, sk in
skate, sm in smoke, dr in drum, thr in three, th in this, gl in glue; answering oral comprehension questions and defining vocabulary words
•• Family Fun on a Hike, Book 2 contains one story divided into 4 parts
reading one- and two-vowel words, advanced words to watch for: says,
you, thank, do; includes words ending in two consonants, practice
words, digraphs, diphthongs, and consonant blend words containing
special sounds (from Basic Phonics Charts 6–8) such as fl in flake, sp in
spade, ay in pray, tr in train, y in fly, st in stop, br in bride, ch in church,
oo in book, ir in bird, wor in worms, ow in owl, ou in out, all in ball, oo in
tooth, cr in crab, bl in block, oi in coin, sw in swim, gr in grin, th in thick,
sh in ship, sk in skate, sm in smoke, dr in drum, th in this, gl in glue, sl in
sleep, sn in snack, tw in twins, squ in squeak, ank in bank, ar in stars, ur
in nurse, ow in bowl, igh in night, or in morning; answering oral comprehension questions and defining vocabulary words
•• Family Fun at the Zoo, Book 3 contains one story divided into 4 parts
reading one- and two-vowel words, advanced words to watch for:
onto, two, one, two, lion, tiger, monkey, they, are; includes words using
apostrophes, words ending in two consonants, practice words, digraphs,
diphthongs, and consonant blend words containing special sounds (from
Basic Phonics Charts 6–11) such as oi in coin, alk in walk, ch in church,
ou in out, sm in smoke, all in ball, sh in ship, ur in nurse, oo in book, th
in this, ir in bird, or in morning, igh in night, gr in grin, br in bride, dr in
drum, cr in crab, oy in boy, tr in train, cl in clock, ay in pray, pl in plane,
ong in long, all in ball, st in stop, sl in sleep, gl in glue, th in thick, ow in
owl, sc in scat, oo in tooth, thr in three, str in stream, sw in swim, ar in
stars, are in care, bl in block, ey in key; answering oral comprehension
questions and defining vocabulary words
•• Family Fun on the Farm, Book 4 contains one story divided into 4 parts
reading one- and two-vowel words, advanced words to watch for:
does, calf, mama, are, I’m, mother, from, four, said, saw, donkey, mew,
hee-haw; includes words ending in two consonants, practice words,
digraphs, diphthongs, suffixes, and consonant blend words containing
special sounds (from Basic Phonics Charts 6–11) such as ar in stars, sn in
snack, oo in tooth, br in bride, dr in drum, squ in squeak, kn in knot, -ing
in pointing, y in baby, ay in pray, igh in night, ow in owl, sm in smoke, ow
in bowl, tr in train, y in fly, ing in king, cl in clock, fr in frog, str in stream,
ou in out, th in thick, sh in ship, oo in book, ink in wink, pl in plane, spl
in splash, oi in coin, all in ball, alk in walk, sp in spade, gl in glue, gr in
grin, ch in church, wa in wash, -ed in wanted, fl in flake, ang in bang, a
in adopt, sw in swim, -ed in looked, aw in saw, o in go, cr in crab, or in
Advanced K5 Readers 23 readers
hh Read and decode by applying phonics sounds, 132 special sounds,
rules, and 12 sight words
•• Improve: accuracy, correct enunciation, expression, comprehension
hh Strive for: smoothness, fluency, appropriate volume, alertness to
punctuation, appropriate pace, poise
•• Receive differentiated instruction with ability grouping
•• Basic Phonics Readers (13)
•• The Little Pie includes practice words and sight words; contains one
longer story reading one- and two-vowel words, words with prefixes,
suffixes, digraphs, diphthongs, and consonant blend words containing special sounds (from Basic Phonics Charts 6–11) including: ou
in out, ow in owl, ank in bank, th in thick, ir in bird, st in stop, sh in
ship, sw in swim, le in little, ear in bear, ear in ear, ang in bang, ung
in strung, wor in worms, or in morning, ing in king, ch in church, ong
in long, igh in night, -ed in looked, wa in wash, tch in patch, sm in
smoke, -es in peaches, all in ball, oo in book, o in shovel, th in this,
br in bride, o in go, thr in three, dr in drum, e in me, cr in crab, ay in
pray, wh in whale, -ed in played, ea in leaf, fr in frog; answering oral
comprehension questions and defining vocabulary words
•• Jesus Helps includes practice words and sight words; contains 4 stories reading one- and two-vowel words, words ending in two consonants, words with prefixes, suffixes, digraphs, diphthongs, and consonant blend words containing special sounds (from Basic Phonics
Charts 6–13) such as pr in pray, bl in block, c in city, br in bride, igh
in night, wa in wash, wh in who, ear in earth, all in ball, alk in walk, st
in stop, ar in stars, -ed in wanted, -ed in played, -ed in looked, sh in
ship, ou in out, -ing in pointing, tr in train, gr in grin, th in thick, ing in
king, ind in kind, ay in pray, ear in ear, ow in owl, oi in coin, y in fly, cr
in crab, e in me, th in this, sm in smoke, oo in tooth, oo in book, ong
in long, oy in boy, old in gold, ey in obey, ea in thread, le in little, ain asleep, o in shovel, er in verse, ch in church, gl in glue, are in care,
o in go, aw in saw, wh in whale, ow in bowl, tch in patch, a in adopt,
be in because, -er in bigger, cl in clock, fr in frog; answering oral
comprehension questions and defining vocabulary words
•• Penny Porcupine includes practice words and sight words; contains
one longer story reading one- and two-vowel words, words ending in
two consonants, words with prefixes, suffixes, digraphs, diphthongs,
and consonant blend words containing special sounds from Basic
Phonics Charts 6–12 such as ind in kind, or in morning, kn in knot,
y in baby, th in this, sk in skate, unk in trunk, ou in out, squ in squeak,
be in because, pr in pray, -ly in slowly, ay in pray, ou in out, br in bride,
igh in night, ir in bird, sh in ship, e in me, sm in smoke, oo in book,
-ed in looked, er in verse, pl in place, th in think, st in stop, ck in
duck, tr in train, alk in walk, y in fly, -ing in pointing, fr in frog, ear
in ear, ow in owl, ch in church, all in ball, -ed in played, in tooth,
ow in bowl, ur in nurse, cr in crab, oi in coin, sc in scat, o in go, -ed
in wanted; answering oral comprehension questions and defining
vocabulary words
•• Primary Bible Reader contains selected passages from Scripture;
students read Genesis 37:3–5, 18–20, 26–28; Genesis 39:1–6,
17–23; Genesis 41:1a, 14–16, 28b–30, 33–40; Genesis 42:1, 2;
43:13–16; 45:1–10; Luke 23:32–46; 24:1–9; Acts 1:8–11; Psalm 100;
and Psalm 23; passages include words with digraphs, diphthongs,
prefixes, suffixes, and many consonant blend words containing
13
Reading cont. p. 14
Kindergarten
5-Year-Olds
Reading cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Readers cont.
three, ou in out, tr in train, ea in leaf, cl in clock, bl in block, cr in crab,
ow in owl, sl in sleep, all in ball, sm in smoke, ch in church, oo in book,
igh in night, aw in saw, sh in ship, ey in obey, scr in scream, gr in grin, ur
in nurse, o in shovel, ey in key, y in fly, -er in bigger, -ly in slowly, -ed in
wanted, ind in kind, be- in because, onk in honk, air in hair, pl in plane,
or in morning, ink in wink, sc in scat, sk in skate, a in adopt, er in verse, fl
in flake, gl in glue, ay in pray, ank in bank; answering oral comprehension
questions and defining vocabulary words
•• Family Fun at the Play, Book 7 contains one story reading one- and twovowel words, advanced words to watch for: great, lived, porridge, some,
door, were, someone, been, voice, gone; includes words ending in two
consonants, practice words, compound words, digraphs, diphthongs, prefixes, suffixes, and consonant blend words containing special sounds (from
Basic Phonics Charts 6–12) such as old in gold, ind in kind, wh in whale, br in
bride, ing in king, -ing in pointing, y in fly, sh in ship, y in baby, -ly in slowly,
cl in clock, mb in lamb, -ed in played, sn in snack, ow in bowl, a- in asleep,
ong in long, sl in sleep, ay in pray, or in morning, ou in out, le in little, ank
in bank, pl in plane, thr in three, gr in grin, oo in book, ch in church, dge in
fudge, alk in walk, oo in tooth, st in stop, ea in steak, a in adopt, th in this, ir
in bird, er in verse, aw in saw, all in ball, ear in ear, ar in stars, th in thick, fr in
frog, igh in night, cr in crab, ear in bear, sp in spade, oi in coin, c in city, str in
stream, tch in patch, sc in scat, sw in swim ; answering oral comprehension
questions and defining vocabulary words
morning, ew in few, le in little, ank in bank, ey in key; answering
oral comprehension questions and defining vocabulary words
•• Family Fun at the Beach, Book 5 contains one story divided into 5
parts reading one- and two-vowel words, advanced words to watch
for: are, I’m, laughed, watch, what, they, castle, have, when, was,
dolphin, ocean, Jesus, love; includes words ending in two consonants, practice words, compound words, digraphs, diphthongs, and
consonant blend words containing special sounds (from Basic Phonics
Charts 6–11) such as -ed in played, bl in block, ow in bowl, -ing in
pointing, sk in skate, wa in wash, alk in walk, st in stop, ar in stars, -ed
in wanted, th in thick, kn in knot, y in baby, er in verse, ur in nurse, pr
in pray, ay in pray, oo in book, igh in night, y in fly, a in banana, ing
in king, ch in church, cr in crab, gr in grin, sm in smoke, o in go, pl in
plane, le in little, -ed in looked, sh in ship, wh in whale, th in this, tr in
train, be- in because, ow in owl, ir in bird, sc in scat, are in care, a in
adopt, gl in glue, tch in patch, fl in flake, dr in drum, ou in out, all in
ball, oi in coin, or in morning, ang in bang, spl in splash, sw in swim,
oo in tooth, ph in phone, thr in three, ey in obey, br in bride, e in me,
str in stream, ea in thread; answering oral comprehension questions
and defining vocabulary words
•• Family Fun in the Park, Book 6 contains one story divided into
5 parts reading one- and two-vowel words, advanced words to
watch for: tiny, saw, lions, monkey, were, ice; includes words
ending in two consonants, practice words, compound words,
digraphs, diphthongs, prefixes, suffixes, and consonant blend
words containing special sounds (from Basic Phonics Charts 6–12)
such as -ed in looked, fl in flake, ow in bowl, y in baby, dr in drum,
ear in ear, -ed in played, squ in squeal, ir in bird, wa in wash, tch in
patch, oi in coin, ew in flew, ear in earth, oo in tooth, -ing in pointing, wh in whale, le in little, old in gold, ang in bang, wh in who, ar
in stars, th in thick, st in stop, o in go, th in this, sp in spade, thr in
Comprehension, Discussion, & Analysis
Skills Development
hh Answer
factual comprehension questions for most stories
inferential comprehension and discussion questions for most stories
•• Complete integrated phonics and reading skills exercises with progressing level of difficulty throughout readers
hh Answer
Language Arts: Language
Added Enrichment
K4–K5
A full-color set of visual illustrations, the Language Enrichment Visuals, provides
an interesting way to teach children the concept of opposites and the difference
between positions such as over, under, in, and out. These visuals will help to develop
skills in picture interpretation and vocabulary development.
Opposites
•• Language and Skills Development
times include the use of Language
Enrichment Visuals as well as activities suggested below. Included in
daily lesson plans.
and
Positions
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Language Skills Development
Character Development
•• Recognize 38 pairs of opposites and 9 positional words and pic-
•• Learn basic biblical character traits such as obedience, honesty,
ture interpretation
­kindness, etc., from:
•• Scripture applications
•• Maxims (traditional sayings rich in general truth) including ­explanation
Vocabulary Skills Development
hhRecognize
similar and different items
complete statements
hhGive simple analogies; use descriptive words
and application
hhMake
Social Skills Development
•• Develop positive social ­interaction through: show and tell, sharing time,
Cognitive Skills Development
acting out stories
hh Solve
riddles using rhyming words
hh Group like items
hh Classify groups of words and items
hh Develop deductive reasoning
hh Make comparisons
hh Recognize incorrect information
14
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5-Year-Olds
Languagen Arts: Cursive Writing
K5
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W¯riting with Phonics K5 Cursive
with
Fifth Edition
formation (13)
•• Correctly write:
•• 12 capital letters
•• All lowercase letters
•• Blends and one- and two-vowel words
•• Achieve:
•• Good writing posture; proper pencil hold; slanted paper position
•• Careful writing
•• Correct letter placement and formation
•• Good overall appearance
•• Good control of fine motor skills
•• Writing first name
hhSentences
hhSmooth
connections between more difficult letter blends
•• Follow:
•• Step-by-step instruction using key strokes: trace, smile, wave, loop,
oval, mountain
guided as well as independent practice writing worksheets
slant of letters and words
hh Complete
Language Arts: Poetry
Added Enrichment
The beautifully illustrated My Favorite Kindergarten Poems introduces
young ­children to the wonderful world of poetry with familiar, enjoyable poems that evoke laughter, paint a picture with words, and touch
children’s sensitive hearts. Children learn poetry of well-known authors
such as “The Swing” by Robert Louis Stevenson and “What Can I Give
Him?” by Christina Rossetti. Children enjoy poetry rich in visual imagery
and ear-tickling rhythm and rhyme. Hearing the poems repeated often
helps in memorization. Discussing the art in these teaching cards and
the meaning of the poems helps develop a better vocabulary.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Descriptions to enhance vocal inflection
•• Actions and hand motions
•• Demonstrations
•• Comprehension and discussion ques-
tions for deeper thinking
•• Biblical applications
•• Suggested activities such as creating
a poem using rhyming words; playing
dress-up; drawing with free art; acting
out poems with play dough; making
­construction paper cards
•• Increase comprehension through:
•• Good expression
•• Appropriate volume
Skills Development
hh Memorize
•• Written tests to evaluate
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Skills Development
hhConsistent
Evaluation
Writing with Phonics K5 is an appealing cursive writing book that is correlated
with the phonics program. Students learn to write the letters as they learn
what sound the letters say. Teachers appreciate the sample letters that show
exactly how each letter is to be written. The “houses” help students remember where each letter “lives.” Review is included along with new instruction.
Students will write letters, blends, words, and even sentences.
13 lyrical poems
•• Increase appreciation and enjoyment of classic poetry and whimsi-
hhArt
cal rhymes
analysis
•• Benefit from exposure to basic literature skills
•• Gain vocabulary enrichment through use of terms such as
•• Rhyming words
•• Recite in unison
•• Gain confidence performing in front of an audience
hhTitle,
15
author
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Kindergarten
5-Year-Olds
Numbers
Added Enrichment
Numbers Writing Tablet K5
K5
Numbers
Writing Tablet
K5
K5
Fifth Edition
Numbers Skills K5 Arithmetic
Numbers
Skills
Numbers Skills K5 is a colorful workbook that reinforces number
­concepts and formation through 100, addition and subtraction
­combinations, number sequences, number words, telling time,
and working with money. Some pages are designed to be worked
together as a class while others are designed as independent work.
Arithmetic
•• A Beka Book games (13)
•• Additional games (11)
•• Enrichment activities (18)
Evaluation
•• Written tests (19)
•• Oral tests (11)
Second Edition
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Numbers
Fractions
•• Reinforce building blocks of learning numbers through object counting
•• Count by ones to 100
•• Compare: larger and smaller; more and less
hh Learn
parts of a whole: one half
Problem Solving & Applications
hh Establish
hh Recognize
numbers 1–100
hh Understand concepts 1–100
hh Count by tens, fives, and twos to 100
hh Write numbers to 100 by ones, tens, fives, twos
hh Recognize and spell number words one–ten
hh Recognize left from right
hh Recognize and spell ordinal numbers first–tenth
hh Compare: before and after 1–100; largest and smallest 1–100
building blocks: solving story problems
Time
hh Recognize
the parts of a clock: face, hour and minute hands
and write time: o’clock (:00), half past (:30), quarter past (:15)
hh Recognize 5-minute intervals of time: counting minutes by fives
hh Recognize months, dates, days, weeks, years
hh Complete calendar: fill in month, days of week, date, year
hh Read
Measures
Addition
hh Recognize
an inch
objects more or less than an inch
hh Measure and record individual growth of students throughout the year
(Growth Chart)
•• Understand symbols: + (plus); = (equal)
hh Measure
hh Add
to 10 with concrete objects
number combination families 1–10:
hhOrdered and in mixed order
hhHorizontal and vertical format
hh Solve oral word problems
hh Add money: pennies; dimes and pennies; nickels and pennies
hh Understand simple concept of commutation
Geometry
Subtraction
hh Write
hh Add
•• Recognize shapes: circle, square, rectangle, triangle
Numbers Writing
hh Learn
hh Introduction
to subtraction
symbol: – (minus)
hh Understand subtracting one or all of a number from numbers 1–10
hh Write subtraction sentences (5 – 5 = 0)
hh Recognize
Multiplication
hh Establish
building blocks: counting by tens, fives, twos
16
formation for numbers 0–9
numbers 1–100 by ones, twos, fives, tens
Kindergarten
Social Studies
5-Year-Olds
K5 & AK5
Added Enrichment
K5 –1
14
K5–1
Social Studies K5 introduces kindergartners to
community helpers, beginnings of American
­history, interesting features of countries around
the world, and simple geography. Children will
enjoy coloring, drawing, and completing other fun
activities on the worksheet pages.
Te a c h i n g C a rd s
K5–1
Social Studies Visuals
Social Studies Visuals
•• Corresponding worksheets
•• Maps of the world, North and
South America, and the U.S.
•• Comprehension questions and
questions for deep thinking
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Community Helpers
abeka.com
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hhLandmarks
and symbols: Statue of Liberty, U.S. flag, Washington, D.C.,
currency (“In God We Trust”), Liberty Bell, Mt. Rushmore, bald eagle
hhGlobe studies: directions—north, south, east, west; equator
hhUnited States (50), neighboring countries, 7 continents, 4 oceans
hhStudy of native American culture, Alaska, Hawaii, and American territories
19 lessons
•• In the family
•• In the community:
•• Community helpers such as firefighter, police officer, doctor,
nurse, dentist, postal employee, pastor
baker, teacher, server, mayor, farmer
hhSalesperson,
America: Our Great Country
•• Poems; finger plays
•• Additional enrichment activities
Children of the World
34 lessons
•• Learn about the landscape, location, famous landmarks, historical people,
16 lessons
and culture of 12 different countries:
hhItaly, Peru, Kenya, China, Canada, Bahamas
•• Mexico, England, The Netherlands, Israel, Japan, Australia
hh Globe studies: learn to identify 7 continents, 4 oceans, 12 countries
hh Introduction
to the history of America containing:
hhHistorical figures such as Christopher Columbus, the Pilgrims,
George Washington, Abraham Lincoln, George Washington
Carver, Pocahontas
Science
God’s World K5
Even at a very young age, children are curious about everything around them and ask
many questions. The science text God’s World K5 is a simple, exciting introduction to
God’s plan for the universe. Children will enjoy reading aloud from their first textbook.
As the study progresses, even beginning readers will want to read the book aloud
because of its intrinsic interest. Units on the five senses, the weather, seasons, seeds,
animals, and the seashore all show the amazing wonders of God’s design in this world He
has created. Simple drawing and coloring activities highlight the units.
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Added Enrichment
•• Hands-on activities (63)
•• Activity and color sheets (23)
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 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Health & Human Body
Seeds & Plants
•• Seeds grow into the plant they came from (tiny plant
•• Designed by God
•• Parts of the body: eyes, nose, tongue, ears, skin
•• Safety guidelines
•• Growth
•• Hygiene
inside seed)
•• Steps of plant growth; parts of a plant
•• Seeds need sunshine, water, soil
•• Planting: farmers, animals, wind
•• Seeds to eat such as corn, strawberries, beans
Weather
Animals
•• God’s care
•• Baby animal names
•• Born alive or hatch from eggs
•• Animal instincts
•• Animal homes such as holes, nests, tunnels
•• Insects such as bumblebees, ­ladybugs, crickets
hh Kinds
of weather: sunny, cloudy, windy, hot, cold, rainy
hh Storms: thunder, stay inside for safety
hh Snow: made of air, water, and dust; six points
•• Wind: air that moves, breeze
•• Dressing appropriately
Seasons
hh Spiders:
eight legs, spider homes
•• Zoo animals such as monkeys, bears, snakes
•• Bird, reptiles, amphibians
•• Farm animals such as cows, pigs, chickens
•• Pets: proper care
•• Spring: planting time, baby animals
•• Summer: hot weather, plants grow
•• Fall: harvest time, leaves change colors, animal preparation
•• Winter: cold, resting time, snow; animals grow warm coats or sleep
Seashore
hh Kinds
17
of seashores: rocky or sandy (beach)
such as fish, crabs, starfish, sea gulls
hh Animals
Kindergarten
5-Year-Olds
Developmental Skills
Think and Learn K5 features coloring pages, mazes, directed-art pages, and
other activities designed to aid the kindergarten child in the development of
writing readiness, hand-eye coordination, visual perception, listening and thinking skills, and good character.
Pets
30
25
20
15
10
5
0
Dogs
Cats
Birds
Kind
•• Skills Development time includes
the use of Think and Learn K5 as
well as suggested activities below.
Included in daily lesson plans.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
writing skills • eye-hand coordination • visual perception
listening and thinking skills • good character
hh Recognizing
similarities
items with the appropriate place
hh Recognizing items out of place
hh Creating objects through paper folding or shapes
hh Identifying and assembling 3-D shapes
hh Drawing missing items
hh Ordering events in sequence
hh Reading maps and map keys
Social & Personal Skills
hh Associating
•• Develop good character traits including: kindness, courtesy,
gentleness, obedience, truthfulness, attentiveness, respect, good
manners, helpfulness, cheerfulness, orderliness, diligence, dependability, thoughtfulness, self control, unselfishness, and generosity
hh Learn good telephone manners and how to handle emergency
situations
Health & Safety Skills
•• Learn how to be well and safe by:
•• Eating a balanced diet
•• Developing good dental care habits
•• Obeying traffic signs
•• Learning about:
•• Home and playground safety
•• Community safety and simple traffic signs
•• Developing good personal hygiene
•• Good nutrition
•• Getting adequate rest and exercise
Motor Skills Development
•• Refining motor skills through grade-appropriate activities with increas-
ing level of difficulty:
•• Coloring, cutting; free art (creative drawing on a blank page)
•• Painting, gluing
hhButtoning
and unbuttoning; tying shoes; zipping and unzipping
•• Following step-by-step instructions for directed drawing with place-
ment of lines and shapes
•• Manipulatives suggested include:
•• Play dough; puzzles; interlocking and building blocks; lacing cards;
stringing beads; tracing objects and shapes
science tools such as magnets, magnifying glasses, planting seeds
Visual Perception Skills Development
hhSimple
•• Separating out items in a grouping
•• Maneuvering through mazes
•• Finding hidden shapes
•• Recognizing and reproducing missing parts
•• Using lines and shapes to assemble a directed drawing
hh Creating
Added Enrichment
Listening Skills Development
•• Identifying sounds
•• Imitating sequences of rhythms such as snapping, clapping, stomping
•• Listening carefully to follow oral directions
•• Classifying things in categories
pictographs, bar graphs, tally charts
•• Identifying opposites and positional words
hh Solving
riddles
Bible
Creation,
Adam, & Cain

Genesis • Series 1
Flash-a-Card®
Adam and Eve in the Garden
3 Lessons • 27 Cards
1 Creation
2 Adam and Eve
3 Cain and Abel

In K5 Bible, children will review many stories that were taught in Preschool and K4
Bible, and this year they will hear additional stories. Students will learn stories about
God’s creation of the world and about the life of Christ while viewing beautifully
illustrated A Beka Book Flash-a-Cards. Age-appropriate applications are included in
each lesson.
Lesson Guide Included
Abel Sacrifices a Lamb
Garden of Eden
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Second Edition
•• Graded memory verses and
passages
K5 Bible Activity Book is correlated with the Genesis and Life of Christ Bible
lessons taught in the K5 Bible curriculum. These 68 activities are designed to
bring Bible truths to mind again during language enrichment or seatwork time.
Activities include simple mazes, hidden pictures, dot-to-dot pages, and standup and fold-out pictures.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
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Lessons
Evaluation
Crucifixion and Resurrection
Stories (3); The First Thanksgiving
362 A Beka Flash-a-Cards
hh Missionary
hh Salvation
Series (5 lessons)
hh Genesis Series (21 lessons): Creation, Adam, Cain; Enoch, Noah,
Babel; Abraham and Isaac; Jacob; Joseph
hh Life of Christ Series (36 lessons): First Christmas; Boyhood and Early
Ministry of Jesus; Jesus Heals and Helps; Later Ministry of Jesus;
Music
39 songs and choruses
•• Choruses, holiday songs, hymns, patriotic songs include:
hh
18
9 new hymns and songs; 14 new choruses
Bible cont. p. 19
Kindergarten
5-Year-Olds
Bible cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Memory Work
Prayer Time
hh New:
•• Learn to pray with thanksgiving for God’s creation, each other, school,
individual verses (20) and passages (2)
•• Review individual verses (8) and passage (1)
Doctrinal Drill
parents, and country
38 questions and answers
•• Basic doctrines: the Bible, God, sin, ­salvation, heaven, assurance of
salvation further detailed study
Music
Song Time for K5 presents traditional, patriotic, and learning songs that have
delighted children for years and make a lively addition to the classroom. The
sing-along CD makes song time easy for the teacher and enjoyable for the
children.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Skills Development
•• Benefit from fun activities that spark and keep interest:
•• Making animal sounds
•• Reviewing numbers and formations, vowel sounds
•• Singing Mother Goose rhymes
43 songs
•• Gain understanding of a song’s message
•• Exercise creativity while acting out songs with props
•• Define unfamiliar words
•• Develop:
•• Coordination through motions that keep time with words
•• Skills in following a song leader, singing out on pitch, and staying
Variety of Songs to Memorize
•• Motion songs
•• Fun songs about animals, Mother Goose rhymes, toys, friends,
together with classmates or CD
­holidays, and ­character-building traits
•• Songs to act out with props; patriotic songs
hh Includes
20 new songs
Arts & Crafts
The assortment of colorful projects found in Art Projects K5 introduces students to
basic concepts of art and gives them a variety of opportunities to build upon concepts that have already been taught such as coloring, painting, tracing, drawing, cutting, and gluing with a variety of materials. Month-by-month projects correlate with
academics, Bible teaching, and the seasons and holidays.
Third Edition
Added Enrichment
•• When I Grow Up Booklet
•• Motivational pencil toppers (9)
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
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Skill & Concept Development
•• Projects include these themes:
•• Animal, season, holiday, scriptural, historical, cultural
37 projects
•• Develop fine motor skills with increasing level of difficulty through:
•• Cutting, gluing, coloring, folding
hhMixing
hhPhonetic,
counting, telling time, game assembly
Technique Development
colors
•• Incorporating moving parts
•• Directed drawings, painting
•• Develop basic concepts of color, line, shape, and texture through:
•• Projects that include:
hhCrayon
overlay, shape painting, directional coloring
according to a light source
•• Finger and hand stamping
hh3-D curling, 3-D layering
•• Assembling song and story booklets and song visuals
•• Projects that promote:
•• Safety, creativity with stick puppets, storytelling, and drama
hhPaper
modeling
perspective
hhLacing, play dough modeling
•• 3-D crafting
•• Increase listening skills through following step-by-step instructions
to complete more difficult projects
hhShading
hhIntroducing
19
First Grade
Language Arts: Phonics
Letters and Sounds 1 is a complete phonics practice seatwork book. Each phonics element
necessary for learning to read is systematically reviewed in an appealing way. The many
puzzles, riddles, exercises, and illustrations are designed to teach word analysis skills, build
vocabulary, and increase reading comprehension.
Handbook for Reading is an invaluable teaching tool for the application of phonics rules. The
words for students to read are arranged to correlate with the sequence in which diphthongs,
digraphs, consonant blends, etc., are taught. Ample practice and thorough review help
students master phonics concepts. The early introduction of short vowels allows students to
read whole words, sentences, and stories during the first few weeks of first grade.
Added Enrichment
•• Review games (18)
•• Additional games (11)
•• During Seatwork:
•• Circle special sounds /mark vowels (15)
•• Write word other than clue word
for special sound (14)
•• Underline root word/circle suffix (12)
•• Write or match rhyming words (6)
•• Add correct special sound to
Evaluation
•• Oral and written phonics tests (32)
beginning /middle of word (5)
•• Add suffix to given root word (4)
•• Match special sound to correct word (4)
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Know and apply tips for learning special sounds:
•• “ck in duck” usually follows a short vowel; says the k sound one time
Skills Development
•• Review: long and short vowel sounds, consonant sounds
•• Blend consonants with vowels
•• Blend special sounds with vowels
•• Review 47 special sounds and clue words learned in K5
only
•• “e in me” says long e sound when only vowel at end of short word
•• “o in go” says long o sound when only vowel at end of short word
•• “y in fly” says long i sound when at end of short word
•• “ay in pray” usually comes at end of word
hh Learn
and apply 85 additional special sounds and clue words:
special sounds include consonant blends, diphthongs, digraphs, 11
suffixes, 5 prefixes
•• Demonstrate ability to provide other example words that contain
special sounds
hh Understand that syllables are parts of words
hh Be able to identify root words
hh Demonstrate ability to add suffixes using the rules:
hhWhen a root word ends with a single consonant and the vowel
is short, the consonant is usually doubled before adding a suffix
beginning with a vowel.
hhWhen a root word ends with a silent e, the e is usually dropped
before adding a suffix that begins with a vowel
hh Demonstrate ability to add prefixes to root words correctly
hh Correctly divide words into syllables between:
hhDouble consonants; root words and suffixes
hhA vowel and a consonant
hhTwo differing consonants
hhPrefixes and root words
•• Master phonics rules including:
•• One- and two-vowel rules: When there is one vowel in a word,
it usually says its short sound. When there are two vowels in
a word, the first one says its long sound and the second one is
silent.
•• When ll, ff, or ss come at end of word, say sound of the first one;
second one is silent.
•• c-k follows a short vowel (ex.: back)
hhk-e follows a long vowel (ex.: bake)
•• c / k rhyme: k comes before i and e; c before the other three—a,
o, u (ex.: key, cat)
•• Suffix -s says “s” or “z”
hh“oi
in coin” usually comes in middle of word or syllable
in boy” usually comes at end of word or syllable
hh“kn in knot” comes at beginning of word or syllable; k is silent
hh“gn in gnat” comes at the beginning of a word; g is silent
hh“a in adopt” comes at the beginning of a word (“a” usually says
short “u” at the beginning of any word)
hhSuffix -ed can say “t” or “d,” or it can say “ed” when it comes after
t or d
hh“wh in whale” says “h” when followed by o
hh“tch in patch” usually follows a short vowel
hh“ew” can say “oo” or long “u”
hhWhen c comes before e, i, or y, it says “s”
hhWhen g comes before e, i, or y, it says “j”
hh“dge in fudge” usually follows a short vowel
hh“wr in wrinkle” has a silent w
hh“are in care” can be sounded using two-vowel rule
hh“ure in pure” can be sounded using two-vowel rule
hh“sion in television” is usually found in a word with one s
hh“sion in missionary” s says “sh”; usually followed with another s
hh“or in sailor” comes at end of word with two or more syllables
hh“ar in dollar” comes at end of word with two or more syllables
hh Apply phonics concepts to reading
hh“oy
20
First Grade
Language Arts: Reading
First graders learn that there is a whole new world just waiting for them as they advance their reading skills. The early readers coordinate the reading material with the phonics concepts students
are learning. Students move from stories with simple one- and two-vowel words to stories based
on children’s classics, giving them valuable practice in applying phonics skills. Each reader features
delightful, character-building selections that appeal strongly to the interests of first graders.
Literary Value
•• 31 authors, including well-known writers
such as Aesop, Christina Rossetti, Robert
Louis Stevenson, and Lewis Carroll
•• Character-building and patriotic story
themes such as honesty, integrity, courage, kindness, industry, forgiveness, and
unselfishness

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94951004
•• Readers (10) containing:
•• Short stories and plays (204)
•• Poems (140)
•• Primary Bible Reader containing
Evaluation
•• Weekly oral reading grade
selected Scripture reading
(24 lessons)
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Materials
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Reading Skills Development
Comprehension, Discussion, & Analysis
Skills Development
•• Read and decode (sound out) words by applying phonics sounds
and rules
•• Answer factual and interpretive questions for most stories and poems
•• Answer inferential comprehension and discussion q
­ uestions
•• Read sight words; challenging words
•• Complete integrated phonics, language, and reading skills activities
•• Strive for increasing:
•• Accuracy, correct enunciation, fluency
hhPhrasing
•• Alertness to punctuation; good expression; comprehension
•• Appropriate pace for grade level
•• Volume; poise
such as:
•• Marking short and long vowel sounds
•• Circling special sounds
•• Adding correct special sounds to complete words
•• Reading clues to solve puzzles
•• Filling in the blank with correct word / phrase to complete a sen-
•• Follow along as others read orally
•• Receive differentiated instruction with ability grouping
Readers
tence
•• Fun with Pets—Begins with simple one-vowel words and pro-
•• Matching pictures with descriptive words
gresses to stories with two-vowel words
hhMatching
pictures with descriptive phrases or sentences
correct sentences for telling events in story
•• Choosing correct picture to answer comprehension questions about
the story
hhNumbering pictures in correct story sequence
hhMarking root words and suffixes
hhIdentifying parts of compound words
hhForming contractions
hhMatching rhyming words; writing rhyming words
hhMatching picture with correct homonym
hhReading comprehension question and circling correct answer
•• Tiptoes—39 stories and 15 poems; uses words with special sounds
hhChoosing
from Basic Phonics Charts 6 & 7
•• Stepping Stones—19 stories and 13 poems; reinforces special
sounds from Basic Phonics Charts 8 & 9
•• Secrets & Surprises—14 stories and 30 poems; covers Charts 8–11
•• The Bridge Book—9 stories and 74 poems; covers Charts 6–13
•• Animals in the Great Outdoors—25 stories and 6 poems; covers
Charts 8–13 (Group I, Advanced Group 1 reader)
•• Kind & Brave—19 stories; covers Charts 10–11
•• Aesop’s Fables—28 stories; covers Charts 8–11
•• Strong & True—22 stories and 7 poems; covers Charts 12–13
•• Down by the Sea—16 stories and 4 poems; covers all charts; for
Gr. 1 at end of the year
•• Primary Bible Reader—24 Class Reading lessons including selected
stories and passages from Genesis, Luke, and John
21
First Grade
Language Arts: Language
Designed for use during independent work times, the work-text ­Language 1 provides daily
exercises to help students increase thinking skills, improve reading comprehension, and
develop creative writing ability. By the end of the year, students will be able to write in
complete sentences, capitalize the first word of a sentence, capitalize the days and months,
place a period at the end of a sentence, know and use suffixes and prefixes, and alphabetize
words.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Grammar
hhTwo
consonants that are not alike
and root words
hh Alphabetize words
hh Comprehend reading material and answer questions
hhPrefixes
•• Capitalization:
•• First word in the sentence
hhDays
of week and months of year
•• The word I
•• Punctuation: correctly use period at end of a telling sentence
•• The sentence: always begin with capital letter
•• Word study and diction:
Composition
hh Write:
hhInteresting
sentences, paragraphs
narratives
•• Compositions about designated topics (9)
•• Copying / completing sentences (49)
•• Writing original sentences (39)
hhShort
hhFind
root words
suffixes and prefixes to root words
hhDetermine number of syllables
•• Recognize and use:
hhCompound words; rhyming words
•• Opposite words (antonyms)
hhSame-meaning words (synonyms); same-sounding words
­(homonyms)
hhContractions
hh Divide a word into syllables between:
hhDouble consonants
hhRoot words and suffixes
hhA vowel and a consonant
hhAdd
Added Enrichment
•• During Seatwork:
•• Copy sentences (54)
•• Finish sentences (9)
•• Write original sentences (19)
•• Write compositions about designated topics (12)
•• During Science, History, and Health:
•• Creative writing exercises (14)
Language Arts: Cursive Writing
Added Enrichment
Writing with Phonics 1 is designed for use as a first-grade cursive writing worktext. Students learn the proper formation and slant of letters and the correct
spacing between letters, words, and sentences. Through daily writing exercises,
students will practice and review what they are learning in phonics, beginning with
single letters and progressing to special sounds, words, and sentences.
•• Animal booklet compilation
Evaluation
•• Tests (31)
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Perfect writing skills for a good, overall appearance:
•• Forming troublesome letters correctly
•• Placing letters correctly on the lines
•• Using proper spacing between letters and words
•• Slanting letters properly
•• Writing slowly and carefully
•• Making smooth connections between letters, troublesome l­etters,
Skills Development
•• Achieve good writing position:
•• Sitting properly in desk
•• Holding pencil correctly
•• Slanting paper correctly
•• Review correct formation for all small letters, numbers 0–9, and
the 12 capital letters learned in K5
formation for remaining 14 capital letters
blends
hh Learn
•• Using key strokes: slant, loops, tails, humps
•• Evaluate writing for personal improvement
22
First Grade
Language Arts: Spelling & Poetry
Added Enrichment
In Spelling and Poetry 1, first graders apply the phonics concepts they are
currently learning as they master the spelling of approximately 420 words. Most
of the words in Spelling and Poetry 1 are arranged phonetically, which teaches
students to recognize basic spelling patterns. They will learn sight words, contractions, and abbreviations that they will encounter frequently in their reading
and writing. First graders will also learn eight poems that will help them develop
their oral speaking skills while deepening their appreciation for poetry.
•• Spelling lists (30):
•• Total words (420)
•• Organized by special sounds
•• Worksheet activities reinforce new
concepts (112)
•• Homework sheets include spelling list
and helpful hints or special sounds
featured in the list (30)
•• Spelling games (16)
Evaluation
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Spelling Skills Development
•• Spelling words tested in 30 of the 32
phonics tests
Worksheet Activities:
•• Marking special phonics sounds
hhMarking roots and suffixes
•• Completing words and sentences
hhArranging words alphabetically
hhIdentifying misspelled words, opposites, rhyming words
hhCategorizing words by special phonics sounds
hhSolving word puzzles and riddles
•• Associating words with pictures
hhMatching words with their meaning
hhCombining root words and suffixes -ing, -ed
hh Master
spelling lists including sight words, abbreviations, and
contractions
hh Apply spelling and phonics concepts through daily:
hhTeacher-directed oral practice
hhIndependent written practice
hh Hear spelling words used in sentences and clearly picture each
word’s meaning
hh Learn to differentiate between words that sound alike
hh Use spelling words in creative writing exercises
hh Learn spelling rules:
hhKnow: one- and two-vowel rules; k comes before i and e; c comes
before a, o, u
hhCorrectly use at end of word:
hhDouble consonants ll, ff, or ss
hhVowels e, o, or y
hhck after a short vowel; ke after a long vowel
hhDouble a consonant before adding a suffix that begins with a vowel
hhDrop the silent e
Poetry Skills Development
hh Memorize
8 lyrical poems
•• Develop appreciation of poetry
•• Perform in front of an audience
•• Recite in unison
hh Develop
appropriate expression and volume
comprehension through thinking questions
hh Learn terms such as title and author
•• Maintain interest and increase comprehension through added learning
features such as actions and hand motions
hh Improve
Arithmetic
Added Enrichment
•• Thematic units: zoo, farm, ocean,
spring
Using delightful themes and full-color illustrations, ­Arithmetic 1 presents concepts
in an orderly manner, building on prior learning and including ­consistent year-long
review. Concepts include counting, writing and reading numbers, place value, addition and subtraction, money, graphs, measurements, time, temperature, and fractions.
Applications to real-life situations and daily thinking questions stretch the students’
reasoning ability.
•• Introductory song and / or poem for
each unit
Evaluation
•• Written tests (31)
•• Daily timed skills-development
exercises (136)
•• Oral tests (31): combinations,
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
answers, and complete instructions
for oral tests in daily lesson plans
•• Understanding concepts:
•• 1–100
Numbers
•• Recognizing numbers:
•• 1–100
hh101–1,000
•• Counting:
•• Money
•• Ordinal numbers: 1–10
hh101–1,000
23
Arithmetic cont. p. 24
First Grade
Arithmetic cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Numbers cont.
hh Subtracting
coins
mastery
hh Missing terms
hh Mental arithmetic: problems combining single-digit addi­tion and
subtraction up to 3 numbers
hh Writing subtraction number sentences
hh Subtracting:
hhOne-digit problems
hhTwo- and three-digit problems without borrowing
hh Word problems: oral, w
­ ritten
hh Timed
hhForward
and backward by ones, twos, fives, and tens
hhForward by twenty-fives
hhBy threes from 3 to 36
hhTally marks
hhRoman numerals 1–10
hhBy even and odd numbers
hhOrdinal numbers: 11–20
•• Writing numbers:
•• By ones, twos, fives, and tens to 100
•• Words one–twelve
hhTo 1,000
hhBy threes to 36
hhUsing tally marks
•• Comparing:
•• Greater/less, greatest /least
•• Before /after
•• By ones, twos, fives, tens
•• Using symbols > and < to show greater than and less than
hhBefore and after: by twos, fives, tens
hhPlace value:
hhIllustrating numbers and place value with objects
hhUnderstanding hundreds, tens, ones
hhOrdering four numbers
hhAddition with carrying
Multiplication
•• Building blocks:
hhRepeated
addition
to ­multiply
•• Counting by twos, fives, tens
hhCounting by threes
hh Concept of multiplication
hh Writing a multiplication fact
hhObjects
Fractions
hh Concept
of fractions
blocks: equal parts
•• Parts of a whole:
•• One half
hhOne fourth, one third
hh Parts of a group: one half, one fourth, one third
hh Comparing one half, one fourth, one third
hh Least to greatest
hh Building
Addition
•• Review of addition families 1–10
hhLearn
addition families 11–18
and vertical form
•• Oral or written
•• Addition “twins” (concept of commutative principle)
hh Timed mastery
hh Missing terms
•• Word problems:
•• Oral
hhWritten
hh Doubles +1
hh Writing addition number sentences
hh Addends:
hhColumn addition with up to five single-digit addends
hhTwo- and three-digit problems without carrying
hh Carrying two- and three-digit n
­ umbers with carrying to the tens’
and hundreds’ places
hh Mental arithmetic:
hhProblems with up to 5 single-digit n
­ umbers
hhProblems combining single-digit addition and subtraction up to
3 numbers
•• Adding coins
hhHorizontal
Problem Solving & Applications
•• Building blocks: oral word problems
hh Written
word problems
word problems:
hhAddition, subtraction, money
hhIllustrating story problems
hhCreating story problems
hhExtra facts; missing facts
hhChoosing the operation
hh Applications:
hhTemperature; time
hhWeight; length; money
hhNumber puzzles; graphs
hhCalendars; maps
hh Thinking logically: patterns; thinking caps; sequencing; clue words
hh Solving
Time
•• Clock: face, hour and minute hands
•• Reading and writing time:
•• O’clock (:00), half past (:30), quarter past (:15)
Subtraction
hhQuarter
till (:45)
intervals
hhA.M. and P.M.
•• Calendar: months, days, date, rhyme
hh Measures of time
•• Recognizing symbol: – (minus)
hhFive-minute
hh Subtraction
families 1–18:
and horizontal form
•• Written, oral
hhVertical
24
Arithmetic cont. p. 25
First Grade
Arithmetic cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Weight:
Money
hhOunce,
pound
weights
hh Dozen, half dozen
hh Capacity: cup, pint, quart, gallon
hh Perimeter of a rectangular object
•• Recognize coin and value: penny, nickel, dime, quarter, half dollar,
hhComparing
dollar
•• Count:
•• Pennies, dimes, nickels
hhQuarters,
half dollars
•• Add:
•• Pennies, dimes and pennies, nickels and pennies
Graphing, Statistics, Probability
hh Graphs:
hhQuarters
and pennies, dimes and nickels
hh Count: combinations of coins, coins in mixed order
hh Adding and subtracting money
•• Recognize symbol: ¢ (cent)
•• Word problems: oral and written
hhHorizontal
hhGraphing
tally marks
Geometry
•• Recognize shapes: circle, square, rectangle, triangle
Measures
hh Symmetry
•• Word problems: oral and written
•• Temperature: reading and writing degrees
•• Length:
hhInch,
bar graphs: scales by 2s, 10s, 5s, and 3s
hhPictograph
hh Shapes
in a grid
of a rectangle
hh Perimeter
foot, yard, centimeter
History & Geography
Added Enrichment
1
My America and My World
Fourth
Edition
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95311005
In My America and My World, students will learn how our country was founded and
what our basic freedoms are. They meet several famous American patriots and take
a trip across America. Good citizenship is emphasized and reading skills are developed. In addition, students will learn new patriotic songs and be introduced to major
countries and U.S. Territories. America: Our Great Country, Children of the World,
and Community Helpers are used in correlation with My America and My World.
History & Geography Series
•• Vocabulary boxes to point out difficult
words
•• Activities such as:
•• Artistic projects
•• Learning foreign words and phrases
•• Listening to classical music
•• Reading stories by writers of given
country
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Suggested creative writing topics
•• American places such as:
•• Washington, D.C.
America
•• U.S. flag:
•• History
hhPlymouth
Rock, Fort McHenry
Virginia; Mississippi River
hhMount Rushmore, Yellowstone National Park, Grand Teton National
Park, Rocky Mountains, Grand Canyon, Yosemite National Park
•• Patriotic songs:
•• “My Country, ‘Tis of Thee”
•• “The Star-Spangled Banner”
hh“America the Beautiful”
hh­Williamsburg,
hhMeaning
of colors
of Pledge of Allegiance
hh America’s freedoms
•• Symbols such as:
hhGreat Seal of the U.S., American eagle, Liberty Bell, Uncle Sam
•• Statue of Liberty, U.S. coins
hh Great U.S. documents: Declaration of Independence, Constitution,
Bill of Rights
•• Great people of America:
•• Pilgrims (First Thanksgiving)
•• George Washington, Abraham Lincoln
hhPaul Revere, Benjamin Franklin
hh America grows by communication and travel: telephone, mail, television, radio; changes in transportation
hh Meaning
The World
•• Countries and territories:
•• Mexico, Peru, England, The Netherlands, Israel, Italy, Kenya, China,
Australia
Islands, Puerto Rico, Bahamas, Norway, France, Germany,
Switzerland, Egypt, India, Guam, American Samoa
hhVirgin
25
History & Geography cont. p. 26
First Grade
History & Geography cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Geography Study
Community Helpers
•• Continents: North America, South America, Africa, Europe,
•• Pastor
•• Firefighter
•• Doctor
•• Dentist
•• Waiter / Waitress
•• Postal Employee
Australia, Asia
•• Globe
•• Oceans: Atlantic and Pacific
•• Cardinal directions and compass rose
•• What is an island?
hh Location of 19 specific states in America
hh North and South Poles
hh Home state, neighboring states
hh Thirteen original colonies
hh Equator
hh Gulf of Mexico, Mississippi River, Rocky Mountains, Grand Canyon,
Death Valley, Great Plains, Yosemite National Park
•
•
•
•
•
•
Teacher
Police Officer
Nurse
Farmer
Baker
Mayor
Science
The colorfully illustrated science text Discovering God’s World presents God as the
Master Designer of the world around us. The studies of plants, animals, insects,
energy, health, the seasons, and the five senses provide an excellent introduction to
science, with the emphasis on building student interest and augmenting students’
reading skills. Hands-on activities and demonstrations also increase students’ comprehension of basic science concepts.
Added Enrichment
•• Additional hands-on learning activities
•• Lesson activities (24)
•• Additional activities (47)
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Health & Human Biology
Activities & Demonstrations:
hhMaking a balloon jet
hhSeeing how wheels help
hhHaving a ramp race
hhUsing a lever lifter
•• Discovering what magnets pick up
•• Special to God: five senses and sense organs
hh Hands:
fingerprints
hh Hair:
hhHair
types, skin, oil gland, follicle
pigment
hh Eyes: placement in skull; eyelids, eyelashes, tears
hh Ears: outer ear, eardrum; vibrate
•• Nose: nostrils; sneezing
•• Tongue:
•• Taste buds: sour, salty, bitter, sweet
hhSpeaking
•• Skin:
hhExperiencing cold, warmth
•• Experiencing tickles, pain
hhPores, “goose-bumps,” proper care of skin
Activities & Demonstrations:
hhComparing thumb prints
hhDiscovering how sound travels
hhSeeing how senses work together
hhRoot,
Animals
•• Instinct
hh Reproduce
after their kind
that are born drink mother’s milk: kangaroo, opossum
hh Babies that hatch do not drink mother’s milk: frogs, tadpoles, chicks,
alligators, snakes
•• God’s wonderful plan:
•• Elephants: ears, trunk, tusk
•• Ducks: sac of oil, webbed feet, bill
•• Turtles:
•• Shell
hhJaws; land turtles, water turtles
hhOwls: herbivores, carnivores, omnivores; eyes, head rotation;
feathers, talons
Activities & Demonstrations:
hhRaising tadpoles
hhConducting the elephant ear experiment
hhObserving oil on a duck
hh Babies
Energy
hh Water:
force, push, pull
wind, provides push
hh Wind: moving air, force
hh Simple machines: wheels, ramps, levers
•• Magnets: attract (pull), repel (push)
hh Air:
26
Science cont. p. 27
First Grade
Science cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Insects
Seasons
•• Importance of insects
•• God made seasons
•• Winter: rest, hibernate
•• Spring: new life
•• Summer: grow
•• Fall: get ready
hh Insect
identification: head, thorax, abdomen, six legs
•• Ants: workers, queen
Activities & Demonstrations:
hhObserving a caterpillar change into a butterfly
•• Making an insect zoo; ant farm
hh A
sunflower’s year
squirrel’s year
Activities & Demonstrations:
hhBringing some twigs to life
hhFinding air in water and soil
hhMaking a bird feeder
•• Planting a bean garden
hh A
Plants
hh Uses
for plants: oxygen, food, medicine, building
of the plant: roots, stem, flowers, cones, seeds
hh Reproduce after their kind
Activities & Demonstrations:
hhOpening a seed
•• Germinating seeds
hhGrowing a plant from root
hhWatering up a stem
hh Parts
Health
Health, Safety, & Manners 1 is an interesting and attractive health reader that
introduces first graders to the importance of good health habits and gives God the
glory for the way He has designed us. Students will learn about nutrition, exercise,
proper sleep habits, good posture, safety habits, and manners. Activities and
checklists help students apply good principles of health, safety, and manners.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Health
hh Forming
right amount of rest:
sleeping habits:
hhPre-bedtime activities
hhWearing clean pajamas
hhGoing to bed early and at same time each night; sleeping until
rested; good sleeping conditions; going right to sleep
hh Building good posture:
hhBenefits of good posture
hhGood posture habits:
hhHow to stand straight and tall; proper way to sit in a chair
hhWell-fitting shoes; proper walking habits
•• Taking care of the body:
•• Good skin and hair habits:
•• Bathing often with warm water and soap
•• Proper care for cuts
•• Washing hands: before eating; after using bathroom; after playing
outside; after handling animals
hhHow to dry off effectively
•• Shampooing dirty hair
hhProper use and maintenance of your comb and brush
hhKeeping pets away from your face
hhKeeping fingernails and toenails clean and trimmed
•• Not biting fingernails
•• Keeping fingers out of mouth
good habits
good breakfast, a good snack
•• Good eating habits:
hhEating
meals same time every day
•• Washing hands before eating
•• Drinking milk every day
•• Eating different kinds of food
hhWashing
fresh fruits and vegetables before eating
•• Limiting sugar and candy
hhTaking
small bites and chewing food well
•• Exercising each day:
exercises for children (8)
•• Benefits of fresh air and sunshine
•• Good exercise habits:
•• Getting exercise every day and playing outside in fresh air
•• Helping with work at home
hhNot
student book, Teacher Edition, and
daily lesson plans (16)
•• Growing Tall growth chart
•• Checksheets: My Health, My Safety,
My Manners
hhGood
•• Eating good foods:
•• Kinds of foods
hhFun
•• Hands-on learning activities in
hh Getting
•• Growing tall
hhA
Added Enrichment
playing hard right after a meal
from play
hhResting
27
Health cont. p. 28
First Grade
Health cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Away from home:
•• Policemen
Health cont.
•• Eyes:
•• Purpose; protection
hhGood
safety habits:
with an adult before leaving
hhAvoid:
hhTalking to strangers when you are alone; getting in a car with a
stranger
hhPlaying in old, empty buildings
hhPetting stray animals
hhEating berries found outside
hhPutting flowers, leaves, or twigs in mouth
hhPlaying in old refrigerators
hhWalking across empty lots that might have rusty nails or broken
glass
•• On the street:
hhGood walking habits:
hhWhere to walk when there is no sidewalk
hhWhere to cross a street; how to cross a railroad track
hhSafety around trains that are stopped on the track
hhBicycle safety habits:
hhRiding in the correct direction
hhUsing a safety helmet, handlebars, and hand signals
hhPassengers
hhKeeping your bike in good working order
hhRiding to school:
hhBus, car
hhGood riding habits:
hhUsing car seat belts
hhStaying seated on the bus
hhKeeping hands inside bus and car windows
hhHow to cross the street after getting off a bus
hhHow to get out of a car that is parked on a street
•• On the playground:
hhGood safety habits:
hhStaying far from swings that are being used; not standing up while
swinging or jumping off while swing is in motion
hhSlide safety: at the bottom of the slide; at the top of the slide
hhStanding back from merry-go-round in motion
hhNot standing on top of monkey bars
hhTaking turns with other boys and girls
•• In the water:
hhPool safety habits:
hhImportance of taking swimming lessons
hhAvoid going swimming or wading alone
hhNot pushing others into the pool or running beside the pool
hhBoat safety habits: wearing a life jacket; not standing up
•• In a storm:
•• Good safety habits:
•• Stay inside
hhSafety with telephone or electrical cords
hhWhere to take refuge: if you are outside; if you are in a car
hhConsulting
hhGood
eye-care habits:
hhReading in a well-lighted place
hhNot rubbing your eyes
hhNot running while holding sharp things
hhProtecting eyes from sun or other bright lights
hhGetting proper rest
hhGetting eye check-ups by a doctor
hhKeeping eye glasses clean
•• Ears:
•• Protection: wax, hairs
hhGood ear-care habits:
hhProper washing of ears
hhNot putting objects in ears
hhProtecting ears from getting hit; from cold and wind
hhGoing to a doctor for chronic earaches
•• Nose:
•• Purpose; protection from germs
•• Good health habits:
•• Protecting others from your coughing or sneezing; proper use
of tissues
•• Teeth:
hhInstructions for proper brushing
•• Good tooth-care habits:
•• Drinking plenty of milk every day
•• Limiting sugar
•• Not cracking nuts with teeth
•• Brushing correctly
•• Getting regular dental checkups
•• Keeping hands away from face
hhKeeping pencils out of mouth
hhNot eating from someone else’s food
hh Taking care of clothing:
hhGood clothing-care habits:
hhChanging from school clothes to play clothes
hhLearning what to do with clothes after taking them off; clothes
that need to be mended; dirty clothes
hhPutting on clean underclothes daily
hhTaking coat or raincoat off when inside
hh Taking care of the home
Safety
•• At home:
•• Ways to prevent falls
•• Good safety habits:
•• Sharp and pointed objects:
•• Walking while carrying
hhCarrying
with the point down
•• Getting parents to take medicine from medicine cabinet
hhHandling
electrical cords with dry hands
•• Safety with matches and fire
hhNot
playing with your parent’s guns
•• Putting toys away to avoid an accident
28
Health cont. p. 29
First Grade
Health cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• At church:
•• Purpose of church
Manners
•• At home:
•• Important words: please, thank you, I’m sorry, you’re welcome
hhGood
habits at church:
on time
hhSinging praises to God; listening to His Word
hhNot chewing gum
hhHandling your money for the offering plate
hhWhen to leave the service
•• In public:
hhGrocery store, doctor’s office
•• Good habits in public:
hhSaying “ma’am” or “sir” when talking to an adult
hhBeing quiet in a waiting room
•• Answering when someone speaks to you
hhNot running in a store
hhArriving
hhHaving
company
•• Good habits at home:
•• Coming quickly when called
•• Thanking God for your food
•• Not talking with food in your mouth; chewing with mouth closed
•• Saying “please” when you want something; remembering to say
“thank you”
hhNot spilling food on the table
•• Not putting elbows on the table
•• Saying “I’m sorry” for hurting someone
•• At school:
•• Say “good morning” to your teacher
hhRaise your hand
hhGood habits at school:
hhNot interrupting when someone is speaking
hhProper response when someone makes a mistake
hh Paying attention to your teacher; how to get your teacher’s attention
hhAnswering when spoken to
hhStanding in line quietly
hhPosture and conduct while saying Pledge of Allegiance
Bible
Enoch,
Noah, & Babel

Genesis • Series 2

Flash-a-Card
The Bible stories that have been taught from Preschool to K5 have laid the foundation
for stories that will be taught in first grade. Students learn more about the character,
strengths, and weaknesses of men and women from the Bible. By studying the lives of
Bible characters, students will learn practical truths to apply to their own lives, such as
our actions will bring about either rewards or consequences.
Evaluation
•• Graded memory verse passages (9)
Noah and the Ark
3 Lessons • 19 Cards
1 Enoch—The Man Who
Went to Heaven
without Dying
2 Noah and the Ark
3 The Tower of Babel
Lesson Guide Included
Enoch
Tower of Babel
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16897101
abeka.com
Bible Friends is correlated with the Bible concepts taught in the First Grade Bible curriculum.
These 113 activities are designed to bring Bible truths to mind again during seatwork time.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Lessons
Memory Work
405 A Beka Flash-a-Cards
hh New
•• Salvation Series (5 lessons)
•• Genesis Series (21): Creation, Adam, Cain; Enoch, Noah, Babel;
Abraham and Isaac; Jacob; Joseph
Doctrinal Drill
•• Life of Christ Series (36): First Christmas; Boyhood and Early Ministry
salvation, heaven, assurance of salvation
Prayer Time
•• Learn to pray with thanks­giving for each other, our nation, those in
authority over us
25 songs
•• Choruses, hymns of the faith, holiday songs, patriotic songs including:
hh11
38 questions/answers
•• Increase Bible knowledge of basic doctrines: the Bible, God, sin,
of Jesus; Jesus Heals and Helps; Later Ministry of Jesus; Crucifixion
and Resurrection
hh Life of Paul Series 1 and 2 (14)
•• The First Thanksgiving
Music
passages (9) containing 56 verses
•• Review verses (6)
Added Enrichment
new hymns and songs; 16 new choruses
•• The Bible Friends Activity Book includes 112 worksheets to be com-
pleted during seatwork.
29
First Grade
Music
Songs We Enjoy 1 includes traditional, patriotic, holiday, and fun selections that have been a
part of our American heritage for generations. The sing-along CD makes song time easy for the
teacher and enjoyable for the children.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Skills Development 7 5 songs
Variety of Songs to Memorize
•• Fun songs about animals, Mother Goose rhymes
•• Songs about our founding fathers; songs to help build character
•• Songs to act out with suggested props
•• Motion songs, patriotic songs, folk songs, gospel songs
hh Define
9 unfamiliar words in the lyrics
•• Learn to follow a song leader
•• Develop ability to understand a song’s message
•• Exercise creativity by acting out songs with props
•• Improve coordination through motions that keep time with words
hh Learn about: dynamic contrasts, tempo changes, solfège pitch
•• Benefit from fun activities that spark and keep interest:
hhWhistling
•• Making appropriate animal sounds
hhSinging familiar poems
hhReviewing numbers
hhPlacing their name in a song
Arts & Crafts
Art Projects 1 has been designed to give month-by-month variety in enjoyable art activities,
to teach children elementary art techniques in many types of media, and to provide interesting
seasonal projects.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Skills & Concept Development
Technique Development
50 projects
•• Developing basic concepts of color, line, shape, and texture through:
•• 3-D forms; drawing
•• Paper folding and sculptures
•• Mixed media; directional coloring; creative design
•• Cutting, gluing, coloring hh Directed
drawing
•• Tracing, folding paper, using glitter
hhIntroduction
hhMobiles
30
to painting
Second Grade
Language Arts: Phonics
Second grade phonics class is a culmination of the A Beka intensive phonics program.
After reviewing vowel sounds, consonant sounds, and how to blend them together,
students learn consonant blends, diphthongs, digraphs, and clue words to help them
remember these sounds. Students practice what they have learned on a deeper level
of application than first grade. Students use these skills to have more success in
reading and to spell “challenge words” and compound words quickly and accurately.
The skills learned in second grade phonics provide a foundation for reading and spelling skills throughout elementary.
Handbook for Reading and Letters and Sounds 2 provide practice with the material
presented in phonics class. Later in the year, Handbook for Reading and the
­Language 2 Word Challenge Appendix are used for oral speed practice during
­phonics class.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Skills Development
Added Enrichment
•• Review games (9)
•• Additional games and activities (54)
•• During Seatwork:
•• Add suffixes to given words (45)
•• Write rhyming words (18)
•• Circle special sounds /mark vowels (10)
•• Write word other than clue word
for special sound (9)
Evaluation
•• Oral and written phonics tests (33)
hhChoose
•• Review long and short vowel sounds, consonant sounds
•• Review and master one- and two-vowel rules: When there is one vowel
in a word, it usually says its short sound. When there are two vowels in
a word, the first one says its long sound and the second one is silent.
•• Blend consonants / special sounds with vowels:
•• Students write the blend of a given word; circle the special sound and
mark the vowel
•• Master 132 special sounds and clue words: special sounds include consonant blends, diphthongs, digraphs, 11 suffixes, 5 prefixes
•• Demonstrate ability to provide other example words that contain
special sounds
hhList all the special sounds in a given word after it is orally dictated
hhMaster ability to identify special sounds in a given word and why that
special sound is used
hhMaster choosing the correct sound in a given word when there is more
than one spelling for a sound:
hhck in duck / k-e (ex.: back—”ck in duck” follows a short vowel sound;
bake—k-e follows a long vowel sound
hhoy in boy / oi in coin (ex.: joyful—”oy in boy” must be chosen because
it is at the end of a root word; point—”oi in coin” must be chosen
because it is in the middle of the root word)
hhtch in patch / ch in church (ex.: matches—”tch in patch” must be
chosen because the sound follows a short vowel; chimes—”ch in
church” must be chosen because “tch in patch” cannot be at the
beginning of a word)
hhg in giant, dge in fudge, j in jar (ex.: cage—”g in giant” must come
before e, i, or y; badge—”dge in fudge” must follow a short vowel)
hhc in city / s consonant (ex.: century—”c in city” comes before e, i, or y
hhsion in missionary / tion in nation (ex.: motion—”tion in nation” does
not have a double s / “sh” sound like “sion in missionary”)
hhChoose the correct beginning sound:
hhRecognize choices in the following consonant blend sounds when
given blends or words to spell:
hhst in stop, pl in plane, tr in train, bl in block, cl in clock, fl in flake,
gl in glue, br in bride, dr in drum, pr in pray, gr in grin, sm in smoke,
sc in scat, sk in skate, sp in spade, cr in crab, tw in twins, spl in splash,
spr in sprain, scr in scream, qu in squeak, sn in snack, sl in sleep,
str in stream, sw in swim, thr in three
hhUse 5 prefixes correctly when heard in a word dictated
hhRecognizing silent letters in words beginning with gn in gnat,
kn in knot, wr in wrinkle, eigh in eight
hhChoose between wor in worms / war in warm by listening to the beginning sound
31
“wa in wash” when beginning with a word sounding with short
o / “w” sound
hhChoose the correct ending sound in a given word:
•• Correctly use ll, ff, ss at end of a word
•• suffix -s says “s” or “z”
•• Recognize the following sounds at the end of short words: e in me, o
in go, y in fly
hhUse 11 suffixes correctly when heard in a word dictated
hhAdding more than one suffix to a word
hhChoose “ay in pray” when a long a sound is at the end of a root word
hhChoose “y in baby” at the end of certain words ending with a long e
sound
hh Choose “le in little” at the end of certain words ending with an “l” sound
hhChoose between -ed in looked / -ed in played when a root word follows a “t” or “d” sound
hhChoose ought in thought / aught in caught at the end of a root word
with a short o / “t” sound
hhChoose “ture in pasture” at the end of certain words with the same
sound as “ch in church” along with an “er” sound (ex.: fracture)
hhRecognizing silent letters when spelling words with igh in night,
alk in walk, le in little, -ed in looked, -ed in played, tch in patch,
mb in lamb, ought in thought, aught in caught, dge in fudge,
ould in could, ough in enough
hhRecognize choices in the spelling of special sounds having or containing
the same sound:
hhe in me, y in baby, -y in rainy, -ly in slowly, ie in brownie
hho in go / ow in bowl
hhay in pray, ea in steak, ey in obey, eigh in eight
hhsh in ship, tion in nation, sion in missionary
hhth in thick / thr in three
hhsc in scat / sk in skate
hhor in morning / war in warm
hhou in out / ow in owl
hhch in church / tch in patch, ture in pasture
hher in verse, ur in nurse, ir in bird, ear in earth, -er in bigger,
wr in wrinkle, or in sailor, ar in dollar
hhoo in tooth / ew in flew
hhoi in coin / oy in boy
hhoo in book, ou in could, u in push
hha in adopt, o in shovel, a in banana, a- in asleep, ough in enough, ou
in country
hhall in ball, alk in walk, au in faucet, aw in saw, ought in thought, aught
in caught
hhg in giant / dge in fudge
hhair in hair, arr in carry, are in care, err in cherry
Phonics cont. p. 32
Second Grade
Phonics cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Correctly divide words into syllables between:
•• Double consonants; root words and suffixes
•• A vowel and a consonant; two differing consonants
•• Prefixes and root words
Skills Development cont.
hhSpell
compound words correctly by applying special sound application tips / rules
hhRead compound words with speed and accuracy
hhRead “challenge words” with speed and accuracy
hhDevelop listening through dictated sentences; using phonics application skills while students:
hhRemember each word
hhSpell each word correctly
hhSpell contractions correctly
hhSpell number words, days of the week, months of the year
hhCapitalize correctly based on rules learned
hhChoose correct ending punctuation
•• Understand that syllables are parts of words
hhIdentify
the number of syllables in a given word and which syllable is
accented / loudest (ex.: “e-nor’-mous” has 3 syllables and the 2nd syllable is accented)
•• Identify root words
hhDemonstrate ability to add prefixes and suffixes to a root word while
spelling the new word correctly by applying the following rules:
•• When a root word ends with a single consonant and the vowel is
short, the consonant is usually doubled before adding a suffix beginning with a vowel. (ex.: swim + ing = swimming)
•• When a root word ends with a silent e, the e is usually dropped before
adding a suffix that begins with a vowel. (ex.: hike + ed = hiked)
hhWhen a root word ends with a y and the suffix begins with an e,
change the y to an i before adding the suffix. (ex.: try + ed = tried)
Language Arts: Reading
Each student will be successful in second grade reading as he masters the application of phonics
rules. The early readers have stories written with words that are directly tied to what is being
learned in phonics class. Subsequent readers present children’s classics, stories from America’s
past, selections by famous authors, and stories with heroes that the children can emulate. One
reader is a juvenile novel, another presents life in Israel in the days of Christ, and others include
fables, animal tales, stories from children’s classics, biographical stories, poetry, Scripture readings,
and patriotic stories.
Literary Value
Materials
•• 103 authors, including well-known
writers such as Beatrix Potter, A.
A. Milne, Hans Christian Andersen,
Robert Louis Stevenson, Louisa May
Alcott, and Nathaniel Hawthorne
•• Selections and adaptations from
children’s literature such as The Princess and the Pea, The Adventures of
Pinocchio, Aesop’s Fables, Grimm’s
Fairy Tales, The Tale of Peter Rabbit,
and Winnie-the-Pooh
•• Character-building themes such as
gratitude, responsibility, helpfulness,
industry, persistence, courage, patriotism, and integrity
•• Readers (7) containing:
•• Short stories (184) and poems (81)
•• Christian fiction novel, Bible geog-
raphy book, and nonfiction book
about animals
•• Primary Bible Reader includes
Scripture reading
Evaluation
•• Weekly oral reading grade
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Reading Skills Development
Readers
•• Read and decode (sound out) words by applying phonics sounds
•• Story Tree—20 stories and 11 poems; uses words with special sounds
and rules
hhRead silently and complete comprehension activities
•• Strive for increasing accuracy, correct enunciation, fluency, phrasing, alertness to punctuation, good expression, comprehension,
appropriate pace for grade level, volume, and poise
•• Follow along as others read orally
•• Receive differentiated instruction with ability grouping
•• Increase vocabulary
from Basic Phonics Charts 6–9
•• Treasure Chest—20 stories and 22 poems and riddles; covers Basic
Phonics Charts 8–13
•• Hidden Treasure—26 stories and 10 poems including classic literature
and stories with patriotic themes
•• No Longer a Nobody—a Christian fiction novel containing 6 chapters
•• Paths of Gold—27 stories and 12 poems including classic literature
and Scripture selections
•• Sunshine Meadows—42 stories and 21 poems with a wide variety of
styles and topics
32
Reading cont. p. 33
Second Grade
Reading cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Primary Bible Reader—30 class reading lessons including selected sto-
Readers cont.
ries and passages from the Old Testament, such as Genesis, Exodus,
Numbers, Joshua, Judges, 1 Samuel, Job, Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Isaiah, Jeremiah, Daniel, and Jonah; and New Testament selections from Matthew, Luke, John, Acts, (epistles such as) Ephesians,
Colossians, 1 Thessalonians, 2 Timothy, Hebrews, James, 1 & 2 Peter,
1 John, and Revelation
•• Silver Sails—16 stories and 3 poems containing legends, fairy tales,
and historical stories
•• Open Skies—a supplemental reader containing 22 stories and 14
poems with a wide variety of styles and topics
•• Growing Up Where Jesus Lived—a 10-chapter informational book
describing life in Palestine in the days of Christ; used as a reader
for class reading
•• All Kinds of Animals—an informational class reading book containing 14 selections on animals; “Do You Remember” sections
especially help develop comprehension skills
Comprehension, Discussion, & Analysis
Skills Development
•• Answer factual and interpretive questions for most stories and poems
•• Answer inferential c­ omprehension and discussion questions
Language Arts: Language
Added Enrichment
Language 2 is used to practice concepts taught in phonics class. Concepts learned
in first grade are reinforced as students go on to master the following areas:
recognizing and correctly punctuating three kinds of sentences; giving compound
words, rhyming words, antonyms, synonyms, contractions, and singular possessive
words in response to a written prompt; forming plurals; and using troublesome
words correctly. By the end of the year, the students’ reading comprehension skills
will be sharpened; and they will write more clearly, correctly, and concisely.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Note: See 2nd Grade Cursive Writing
section in this Scope & Sequence (p. 34)
for additional creative ­writing exercises.
Evaluation
•• Some language skills are included in
weekly phonics tests
•• Divide words into syllables
•• Alphabetize words
Grammar
•• Capitalization:
•• First word in the sentence
•• Days of week and months of year
hhHolidays
•• Word Challenge section to expand
vocabulary (1,499 terms)
hhCorrectly
use words such as sit, sat, set; learn, teach; may, can;
to, too, two; right, write; blue, blew
hhAbbreviate days of the week, months of the year, selected English
measures, selected titles such as Dr., Mr., Mrs.
•• Comprehend reading material and answer questions
•• Correctly use a glossary (terms: guide words, entry)
and special days
•• Names of people
•• The word I
•• Titles
Composition
•• Punctuation:
•• Using periods to end sentences
•• Write:
•• Complete sentences (109)
•• Original sentence (90)
•• Rewrite a sentence correctly (68)
•• Answer a question in complete sentence (37)
•• Paragraph about a topic (26)
•• Composition about a designated topic (15)
•• Thank-you letter
hhUsing
question marks and exclamation points to end sentences
hhUsing an apostrophe to show ownership (’s)
hhThe sentence:
hhRecognize complete sentences
hhRecognize that a phrase is part of a sentence
hhRecognize questions and exclamations
hhLearn terms: exclamatory, declarative, and interrogative sentences
•• Word study and diction:
•• Add suffixes and prefixes to root words
•• Determine number of syllables
hhDetermine accented syllables
•• Recognize and use correctly:
•• Compound words, rhyming words
•• Opposite words (antonyms), same-meaning words (synonyms),
same-sounding words (homonyms)
hhSingular and plural words; singular possessives
•• Contractions
Added Enrichment
Extra practice available in Seatwork curriculum:
•• Copy sentences (22)
•• Finish / correct sentences (63)
•• Write original sentences (449)
•• Write friendly letters (4)
•• Glossary skill exercises (130)
33
Second Grade
Language Arts: Cursive Writing
Building upon each grade, the consistent step-by-step approach to good
penmanship presented in Writing with Phonics 2 emphasizes neatness
and correct letter formation in daily practice. Writing habits which are
polished during second grade will greatly influence students’ penmanship
skills throughout life.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Added Enrichment
•• Journal containing 13 creative writing
exercises and dated journal entries
Evaluation
•• Tests (30)
•• Copy good cursive models to reinforce capitalization / punctuation
Skills Development
rules and simple sentences includes:
•• Achieve good writing position:
•• Sitting properly in desk
•• Holding pencil correctly
•• Slanting paper correctly
•• Perfect writing skills for a good, overall appearance:
•• Correctly writing all lower- and uppercase letters and numbers 0–9
•• Copy Scripture or a sentence (79)
•• Copy a paragraph (28)
•• Copy a title (7)
•• Number formation
•• Creative writing practice:
•• Dated journal entries (31)
•• Original compositions using an assigned theme (17)
•• Writing an acrostic (2)
•• Develop listening skills by writing dictated sentences (12)
hhPerforming
correct warm-up procedure by practicing basic strokes
size consistent while making a connection without the
help of a dotted line
hhWriting without use of dotted lines; double-spaced writing
•• Placing letters correctly on the lines, slanting letters properly, writing slowly and carefully, making smooth connections between letters
•• Using key strokes: slant, loops, tails, humps
hhKeeping
Language Arts: Spelling & Poetry
In second grade, spelling is taught as an individual subject for the first time. The spelling curriculum continues to be correlated with phonics. The spelling lists in Spelling and Poetry 2 reinforce
the phonics concepts which the students are learning. By the end of the year, students will be
learning vocabulary words and their definitions. Poems for memorization have been selected for
their beauty of language, literary greatness, and character-building qualities.
Added Enrichment
•• Spelling lists (32):
•• Spelling words (625)
•• Vocabulary words (645)
•• Organized by special sounds
•• Worksheet activities (106):
•• Build on previous concepts
•• Reinforce new concepts
•• Homework sheets (30) include spelling list
and helpful hints or featured special sounds
•• Glossary for application and practice
•• Spelling games (16)
Evaluation
•• Spelling tests (32)
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Hear and see spelling and vocabulary words in example sentences, in
Spelling Skills Development
order to:
hhMaster
spelling lists including:
hh60 sight words and 23 contractions
hh50 vocabulary words and d
­ efinitions
hhUse vocabulary words in proper context
hhCorrectly write sentences dictated by teacher using vocabulary words
hhCreate good sentences using spelling and vocabulary words
•• Apply spelling and phonics concepts through daily:
•• Teacher-directed oral practice
•• Independent written practice
•• Clearly picture each word’s meaning; differentiate between sound-
alike words
words correctly when speaking and writing
•• Use spelling words in creative writing exercises
hhLearn beginning dictionary skills such as using guide words, locating
entries quickly, finding word definitions, and alphabetizing words
hhUse
34
Spelling & Poetry cont. p. 35
Second Grade
Spelling & Poetry cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Matching contractions with their words
•• Combining root words with the suffixes -y, -er, -est, -ly, -en, -es
•• Using prefixes a-, al-, be-, en-, un-
Spelling Skills Development cont.
•• Learn spelling rules:
•• Know: one- and two-vowel rules; k comes before i and e; c comes
before a, o, and u
Poetry Skills Development
•• Correctly use at end of word: double consonants ll, ff, or ss;
hhMemorize
vowels e, o, or y; ck after a short vowel; ke after a long vowel
•• Double a consonant before adding a suffix that begins with a
vowel
•• Drop the silent e
Worksheet Activities:
7 lyrical poems
•• Develop appreciation of poetry
•• Perform in front of an audience
•• Recite in unison
•• Develop appropriate expression and volume
•• Improve comprehension
•• Solving crossword puzzles; thinking of homonyms
•• Creating phrases; grouping similar words together
•• Understanding the meaning of vocabulary words
•• Finding misspelled words and knowing how to correct them
hhLearn
definitions and use of unfamiliar words
•• Maintain interest and increase understanding with comprehension questions
Arithmetic
The traditional work-text Arithmetic 2 builds a foundation for learning more abstract concepts
and teaches students how to apply mathematical concepts to real-life situations. Concepts
taught or reviewed in Arithmetic 2 include counting, place value, addition and subtraction,
money, time, graphs, simple geometry, multiplication and division, and Roman numerals.
Students will apply the skills and facts they have learned as they complete word problems
that are based on concrete situa­tions. New material is built on prior learning and encourages
students to think through new concepts. Arithmetic 2 and curriculum include daily reasoning
questions that challenge students’ thinking ability.
Added Enrichment
•• Higher-level thinking activities (139)
•• A Beka Book games (7)
•• Thematic units: pond, transportation,
children of the world, jungle, workers
and helpers, camping
•• Review games (48)
•• Additional games (19)
•• Enrichment activities (36)
Evaluation
•• Written tests (31)
•• Daily skills-development exercises (128)
•• Oral tests (31): combinations, answers,
and detailed instructions for weekly oral
tests in daily lesson plans
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Comparing before and after:
•• By ones, twos, fives, tens
Numbers
•• Recognize and understand numbers:
•• 1–1,000
hhBy
threes and fours
•• Number words:
•• Use of one to twelve
hh1,001–10,000
•• Counting:
•• By ones, twos, fives, and tens to 100
•• By threes to 36
hhUse
of thirteen, twenty, thirty, forty, fifty, sixty, seventy, eighty,
ninety, one hundred
•• Place value:
•• Ones, tens, hundreds
hhThousands, ten thousands, hundred thousands
hhMoney: round to nearest dollar; to nearest ten
•• Roman numerals:
•• Counting and value:
•• 1–12
hh13–30; 50; 100; 500; 1,000
•• Reading clock using Roman numerals
hhBy
fours to 48
twenty-fives to 300
•• Continue counting patterns
•• Tally marks
•• Writing numbers:
•• By ones, twos, fives, and tens to 1,000
•• By threes to 36
hhBy fours to 48
hhDictation to ten thousands
hhBy
35
Arithmetic cont. p. 36
Second Grade
Arithmetic
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
cont.
Numbers cont.
Multiplication
•• Building blocks:
•• Counting by twos, threes, fives, and tens
hh Basic
rules for Roman numerals:
hh Add repeated Roman numerals
hh Add when lesser numeral follows greater one
hh Subtract when lesser numeral comes before greater one
hhCounting
by fours
problems: oral, written
hhGraphs to show multiplication facts
hhTerms: factor, product
•• Multiply:
hhBy 1, 0
hhTables, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
hhFind missing factor
hhMultiple combinations
hhMultiplication “twins” (concept of commutative principle)
hhWord
Addition
•• Addition families:
•• 1 –18
•• Horizontal and vertical form
•• Add on 0, 1, and 2
•• Add doubles
•• Add doubles plus one
hhAddition
terminology
•• Addition “twins” (concept of commutative principle)
•• Timed mastery
•• Word problems: oral, written
•• Mental arithmetic:
Division
hhConcept
of division
blocks: dividing groups of objects
hhRecognize symbols: ÷ and
(division house)
hhWord problems: oral, written
hhTerm: quotient
hhDivide:
hhBy 1
hhTables 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
hhMultiple combinations
hhBuilding
hhProblems
with up to 5 single-digit numbers
with double-digit addend with c­ arrying
hhEstimate sums
•• Carrying:
•• To tens’ and hundreds’ places in 2- and 3-digit problems
hhTo ten-thousands’ place in 3- and 4-digit p
­ roblems
hhHorizontal problems with carrying
•• Money: add dollars and cents
hhProblems
Fractions
•• Parts of a whole and group: one half, one third, one fourth
•• Finding the fractional part of a whole number
Subtraction
•• Subtraction families:
•• 1 –13
hhWord
problems: oral, written
numbers
hhMixed
hh14 –18
•• Vertical and horizontal form
•• Subtract:
•• 0, 1, 2; all of a number
Decimals
•• Money: use of dollar sign ($) and decimal point (.) in ­addition
hhHalf
of a number
hhSubtraction terminology
•• Timed mastery
•• Word problems: oral, written
hhMental arithmetic:
hhProblems combining single- and double-digit subtraction and addition
•• Subtraction with borrowing:
•• 2 and 3 digits
hh4 digits
•• Borrowing:
hhFrom tens’ place in 2-, 3-, and 4-digit problems
hhFrom hundreds’ place in 3- and 4-digit problems
hhFrom thousands’ place in 4-digit problems
hhWith zeros in the minuend
•• Money: subtract dollars and cents
36
hhAlign
decimal points when adding and subtracting dollars and cents
Problem Solving & Applications
•• Building blocks: oral word problems
•• Word problems:
•• Addition, subtraction
hhMultiplication,
•• Money
division
hhFractions
hhCarrying,
borrowing
of problem-­solving process
•• Applications for broader and deeper understanding of concepts:
•• Time, length, temperature
•• Graphs, weight, money
hhFractions, recipes
hhSteps
Arithmetic cont. p. 37
Second Grade
Arithmetic cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Length:
Time
hhQuarter
•• Clock:
•• Hour and minute hands
•• A.M. and P.M.
•• O’clock (:00); half past (:30)
•• Quarter past; quarter till; three-quarters past
•• Five-minute intervals
hhOne-minute
hhMeter
hhAbbreviations
hhSmallest
hhDays
to longest; comparing lengths
measuring, drawing
hhApplications:
•• Weight:
•• Ounce, pound, kilogram
intervals
•• Table of time:
•• Seconds, minutes, hours
•• Days, months, year
•• Calendar:
•• Months of year, days of week
•• Date
inch
•• Inch, foot, yard, centimeter
hhGram
hhApplications
•• Dozen, half dozen
•• Capacity: cup, pint, quart, gallon
•• Perimeter of rectangle hhPerimeter
in year, weeks in year
of square
Graphing, Statistics, Probability
hhTime
zones, time lapse
hhDates as digits
•• Bar graphs:
•• Horizontal
Money
hhVertical
•• Recognition and value of penny, nickel, dime, quarter, half dollar
•• Counting pennies, nickels, dimes, quarters, half dollars
•• Pictographs
hhCombining
hhRead
hhLine
coins for any amount
hhConverting to cents using dollar sign ($) and decimal point (.)
•• Word problems: oral, written
hhRecognize symbols:
hh$ (dollar)
•• ¢ (cent)
hhAdding money using dollar sign ($) and decimal point (.)
hhMaking change
graphs: plot point on line graph
a grid, a map
Geometry
•• Plane figures: circle, square, rectangle, ­triangle
hhSolid
figures: introduce concept
identify number of vertexes in plane and solid shapes
hhMeasure and draw lines
hhScale drawings
•• Symmetry
hhLocations on a coordinate plane
•• Perimeter:
•• Rectangle
hhSquare
hhVertex:
Measures
•• Word problems: oral, written
•• Temperature:
•• Degrees: reading, writing
hhIntroduced
to:
scale
hhFreezing and boiling point of water
hhBody temperature on Fahrenheit scale
hhTemperatures below zero
hhCelsius
37
Second Grade
History & Geography
Added Enrichment
Our America takes students back into history to learn what life would have been
like in our country’s early days. Students will study the lives of groups of people
who have made valuable contributions to our American heritage: the Pilgrims,
American Indians, early colonists, pioneers, cowboys, and immigrants.
In addition to maps and geographical facts, Our America also features information
about our flag and the history behind our patriotic holidays and songs. Review
questions and activities throughout the text help to check students’ comprehension.
•• Vocabulary boxes featuring difficult
words
•• Activities included in student text and
teacher edition such as games, class
parades, art ­projects, class diorama
•• Songs such as “Swing Low, Sweet Chariot”
and “Pawpaw Patch” passed down through
history from early Americans
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
America
hhNew
Americans:
islanders, Black Americans
hhContributions and songs
hhImmigrants,
•• Our flag:
•• Meaning
hhFlag
etiquette
Tomorrow’s America
•• Our patriotic holidays:
hhGeorge
hhWhat
hhMemorial
hhHow
Washington’s Birthday, Abraham Lincoln’s Birthday
Day, Flag Day, Independence Day
hhLabor Day, Veteran’s Day, Thanksgiving Day
•• America’s Songs:
•• “My Country, ‘Tis of Thee,” “The Star-Spangled Banner,”
“America the Beautiful,” “God Bless America”
hh“Yankee Doodle”
will I be?
can I help my country?
Geography Study
•• Cardinal directions
•• Continents
•• Home state
•• Neighbors to north and south: Canada and Mexico
•• Location of England
•• Mississippi River
•• Gulf of Mexico
People Who Built America
hhPilgrims:
Separatists and Strangers
Americans: contributions from New England tribes,
especially toward the Pilgrims
hhColonists: homes, jobs, school
hhPioneers: Daniel Boone, westward movement
hhCowboys: cattle drive, stampede, songs
hhNative
hhLearn
50 states
hhOceans
hhSections
hhGreat
of the country: Northeast, Northwest, Southeast, Southwest
Lakes
Science
Enjoying God’s World guides the student’s study of God’s plan for creation.
Students will increase both their reading comprehension and their knowledge
of scientific concepts while learning about the human body, plants and animals,
matter and energy, and earth and space from God’s viewpoint.
Through the “how” and “why” questions that are answered in this text, children will
learn about the world around them while developing their thinking skills. Enjoying God’s World also includes hands-on activities and demonstrations that help to
increase each student’s comprehension of basic science concepts.
Added Enrichment
•• Additional hands-on learning
activities in daily lesson plans
•• Lesson activities (18)
•• Additional activities (39)
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Taking care of our teeth:
Human Biology
hhEnamel,
gum, root
jobs of teeth: cutting, tearing, grinding
•• Tips for taking care of teeth:
•• Brushing
hhFlossing
•• Keeping clean: pores, oil, sweat; wash away dirt each day
hhMuscles,
energy
•• Using food:
hhEnergy foods: starch, fat
hhProtein foods:
•• Exercise
hhMinerals, vitamin foods
hhDifferent
38
Science cont. p. 39
Second Grade
Science
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
cont.
Human Biology cont.
Plant World
•• Enjoying exercise
•• Rest and sleep: 10–12 hours of sleep; necessary for growth
•• Parts of a plant:
•• Flowers or cones; stem
•• Leaves:
Activities & Demonstrations:
hhFinding out which foods have sugar in them
hhHow
Animal World
hhWhy
•• Roots
•• Animals:
•• Instincts and equipment
•• Examples of different animals:
hhSpider,
leaves make food in green plants:
hhChlorophyll
green leaves change colors in the fall
hhGrowth
of a tree
seeds travel: wind and water, squirrels, birds, hitchhikers
Activities & Demonstrations:
•• Seeing how water rises up a stem
hhDiscovering whether a leaf grows without light or water
•• Watching a plant grow
hhHow
praying mantis
•• Chicken, owl
•• Earthworm:
•• Burrows
hhBristles
Things That Work Together
•• Animal homes:
•• Nests, tunnels
•• God’s plan for plants and animals
hhDens
Things That Move
•• Beaver:
hhEngineer,
webbed feet, lodge
•• Animals’ protection:
hhCamouflage
•• Insects:
•• Designed by God; six legs
hhThree parts: head, thorax, abdomen
•• Baby insects:
•• Caterpillar to butterfly:
hhChrysalis and cocoon
•• Good insects:
hhHoneybees: pollen
hhWorker bees
•• Harmful insects:
hhFlies, termites, beetles, and grasshoppers
Activities & Demonstrations:
hhDiscovering which home earthworms prefer
hhDiscovering why webbed feet help the beaver swim
hhFinding the three body parts of insects
•• Watching a caterpillar change
hhEnergy:
makes things go; fuel
gravity, pull, push, friction
Activities & Demonstrations:
hhUsing the energy from wind and moving water
hhSeeing how gravity pulls
•• Discovering how magnets pull
hhForce:
Atmosphere
hhProperties
•• Wind:
of air
hhLight
air moves up, heavy air moves down
hurricanes, tornadoes
•• Weather:
hhSun, air, and water
hhEvaporation
•• Rain, snow
hhHow we hear: sound and sound waves
•• The air around the earth
Activities & Demonstrations:
hhDiscovering that air is real
hhFinding whether an empty bottle is really empty
hhSeeing water evaporate
hhDiscovering how to block sound waves
hhStorms:
Earth & Sky
hhStars,
sun, moon
Earth: globe, North and South Pole, equator
hhRound
39
Second Grade
Health
The purpose of Health, Safety, & Manners 2 is to teach the basic facts of health
and safety; to teach courtesy at home, at school, and everywhere; and to instill
within students a desire to take care of the body God has given them.
Added Enrichment
•• Hands-on learning activities, charts,
and checklists in student book, teacher
­edition, and daily lesson plans (28)
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Cleanliness:
•• Skin and hair: bathing
•• Fingernails and hands:
Health
•• Posture:
hhDetailed
•• Nutrition:
instruction on proper posture
hhCuticles,
chapped skin
•• Cuts
•• Washing and combing hair:
hhAppetite,
nutrients
hhFood groups:
hhMilk: keeps us growing, healthy, active, and warm
hhMeat and beans: protein
hhVegetables and fruits:
•• Vitamins and minerals
hhFiber
hhGrains
hhFats and oils
hhWater: every part of the body needs water
•• A good breakfast
hhA good lunch and dinner
•• Good table manners:
•• Thanking God for your food
hhWaiting for food to be passed and not reaching for it
•• Saying “please” and “thank you”
hhUsing serving spoon to put food on plate
hhKeeping hand not in use in your lap
•• Keeping elbows off table
hhNot slurping soup
•• Not talking with food in mouth
•• Chewing with mouth closed
hhTaking small bites
hhUsing a napkin
hhProperly cutting meat and buttering bread
hhEating a little bit of every food on the table
hhHaving pleasant conversation
hhExpressing thanks to the preparer of the meal
hhBeing excused
•• Exercise:
hhFun exercises for children (5) and a group game
•• Fresh air and sunshine
hhVitamin D
hhBenefits of playing outside in the sunshine
•• Rest: amount needed; good sleeping habits
hhThoughts: love, kindness, joy
hhLice
hhWashing
•• Teeth:
face, neck, and ears
hhCavities
•• Brushing
hhFlossing
•• Good dental-care habits:
•• Importance of milk
hhEating
a variety of foods; limiting sweets; crunchy foods for snacks
•• Avoid chewing gum
•• Adequate brushing
hhRegular
flossing
•• Regular dental checkups
•• Eyes:
hhParts
of the eye (diagram)
•• Proper care
hhEye
trouble
•• Good eye-care habits:
hhReading
with a light
•• Not rubbing your eyes
•• Safety while holding sharp things
•• Protection from sun and other bright lights
hhAvoid
reading while riding in a car
•• Proper rest and doctor checkups
•• Keeping eyeglasses clean
•• Ears:
hhParts
of the ear (diagram)
•• Proper care
hhEar
trouble
•• Good ear-care habits:
•• Proper washing of ears
•• Putting items in ears
•• Protecting ears from getting hit
40
Health cont. p. 41
Second Grade
Health cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Health cont.
hhSafety
hhProper
removal of ear wax
ears from loud noises
•• Protecting ears in cold, windy weather
hhFollowing doctor’s orders
•• Disease prevention:
hhCommunicable diseases
•• Preventing colds:
hhBreathing through your nose
•• Keeping hands away from face
•• Covering mouth when coughing
•• Covering mouth and nose when sneezing
•• Using handkerchiefs: clean cloth ones, paper tissues
•• Not eating from someone else’s food
•• Rest and exercise
•• Eating nutritious meals
hhStaying away from anyone who has a cold
•• Good health habits:
•• Sitting and standing tall
•• Eating nutritious meals
•• Exercising every day
•• Playing and working outside in fresh air and sunshine
hhWorking and playing safely
•• Regular doctor and dentist checkups
•• Keeping your body clean
•• Brushing teeth daily
hhFlossing teeth daily
•• Protecting eyes and ears
•• Getting plenty of sleep
•• Being happy
hhOn
hhProtecting
hhWalking
•• Cars and buses:
•• Using car seat belts
•• Staying seated on a bus; keeping hands inside bus or car windows
•• How to cross the street after getting off a bus
•• How to get out of a car that is parked on a street
hhWhile
riding in a car or bus: danger of sharp items; keeping hands
away from driver or steering wheel
•• Safety around water:
•• Importance of swimming lessons
hhAdult supervision for swimming or wading
hhStaying out from under a diving board
hhGoing only in areas marked safe for swimming: not boating areas or
areas where water depth is unknown
hhSafety with lifeguard and other swimmers
hhUsing common sense in the water
hhSafety around the pool’s perimeter
•• Boat safety:
•• Lifejackets; sitting while boat is moving
hhKeeping legs inside boat
hhAvoiding prolonged exposure to sun
hhStaying out of the water during a thunderstorm
•• Safety during bad weather:
hhUse caution crossing slippery streets
hhHow to properly hold an umbrella
hhStay away from broken electrical wires on or near the ground
•• During a thunderstorm:
•• Where to take refuge
•• Safety with telephones and electrical cords
hhSafety with electrical appliances
•• Safety in the home:
hhReaching high items with a stepladder
hhPicking up things as soon as they fall
hhKeeping stairways clear
hhWalking, not running, in the house; walking carefully on stairs
hhKeeping shoelaces tied
hhStoring skates out of way
•• Properly carrying pointed objects
hhProperly handing a pointed object to someone
•• Never playing with real guns
hhKeeping a screen in front of fire in the fireplace
away from home
•• Avoid:
•• Accepting a ride from a stranger
candy, ice cream, or money from a stranger
•• Putting flowers, leaves, or twigs in your mouth
hhDanger,
Keep Out, and No Trespassing signs
•• Staying away from stray animals
•• Safety on the street:
hhRecreation:
a bike across a busy intersection
•• Using a safety helmet
•• Proper steering
•• Using hand signals
•• Passengers
•• Keeping your bike in good working order
•• Safety away from home:
•• Parental permission:
•• Going directly home after school
•• Going places alone or with friends
hhTaking
a busy street
•• Proper riding on a street
Safety
hhEating
around parked cars
•• Bicycle safety:
not in street; safety playing in a driveway
•• Knowing where to walk when there is no sidewalk
hhObeying
traffic lights
crossing a street or railroad track
•• Using street corners and regular crosswalks to cross street
hhProperly
41
Health cont. p. 42
Second Grade
Health cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Safety cont.
Manners
•• Courtesy:
•• Being polite:
•• Please and thank you
•• Never playing with matches
hhNever
allowing small children to play with matches
hhFire escape plan
hhYour area’s emergency telephone number
hhBathroom safety:
hhPutting soap in its container after using it
hhUsing nonskid mat in tub or shower
hhWiping up water spills
hhKeeping medicines and cleaning fluids out of reach of children
hhKeeping electrical appliances away from water
•• Properly using electrical cords
hhKitchen safety:
hhKeeping drawers and cupboard doors closed
hhImmediate attention to spills and broken glass
hhProperly plugging in appliances
hhUsing a sharp knife correctly with permission
hhProperly using the garbage disposal
hhDressing safely for cooking
hhStove safety: position of pan handles, flammable items, lifting hot
foods and liquids, correctly turning off burners
•• Fire safety: stop, drop, and roll
hhMaking
an apology
•• Greeting and answering adults; introductions
•• Being kind to people and animals; being cheerful: not grumbling
•• Being respectful to older people and those in authority:
hhOffering
your seat
when spoken to
hhRefering to an older person by his full name
hhNever contradicting an older person
hhBeing respectful to your country:
hhNot flying the flag in bad weather
hhHow to properly raise, lower, display our flag normally and as sign
of trouble; keeping flag from touching the ground or water
•• Being thoughtful:
hhThe Golden Rule
•• Being patient: waiting in line, taking turns talking
•• Always be courteous:
•• At the table
hhOn the telephone: answering; dialing the wrong number
hhSpeaking
Bible
Moses in EGYPT
Life
of
Moses
Flash-a-Card
SERIES 1
6 Lessons—34 Cards
1
2
3
4
5
6
The Baby in the River
The Burning Bush
The Contest with Pharaoh
The First Nine Plagues
The Passover
Crossing the Red Sea
Lesson Guide Included
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75817007
Second graders will enjoy learning about a variety of Bible characters including
Joshua, Judges, Ruth, Jonah, and Moses. The A Beka Book Flash-a Cards help
­students visualize events as they study the life of Moses and his journey from
Egypt to the Promised Land. Students will learn about Moses’ decision to suffer
with God’s people rather than live in luxury; they will also learn that even though
Moses chose to follow God, he still faced many trials. By studying Bible characters
such as Moses, students will learn how to respond to real-life joys and struggles.
Evaluation
•• Graded memory verse passages (8)
abeka.com
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Lessons
Music
365 A Beka Flash-a-Cards
33 songs
•• Choruses, hymns of the faith, holiday songs, patriotic songs including:
•• Salvation Series (5 lessons)
hh10
hhLife
of Moses Series (20): Moses in Egypt; Journey to Sinai; Journey
through the Wilderness
hhTabernacle (3)
•• First Christmas (5)
hhJoshua (7); Judges (6); Ruth (3)
•• Crucifixion and Resurrection (9)
hhJonah (2); Favorite Bible Stories 1 and 2 (10)
•• The First Thanksgiving
new hymns and songs; 10 new choruses
Memory Work
hhNew
passages (8) containing 54 verses
•• Review verses (26)
Doctrinal Drill 38 questions/answers
•• Increase Bible knowledge of basic doctrines: the Bible, God, sin, salva-
tion, heaven, assurance of salvation
Prayer Time
•• Learn to pray with thanks­giving for each other, our nation, those in
authority over us
42
Second Grade
Music
The traditional, patriotic, holiday, and fun selections in Songs We Enjoy 2 have delighted children
for many years. Enrichment ideas for teaching new songs and ideas for motions and props are
included throughout the book. The sing-along CD makes song time enjoyable for the students
and easy for the teacher.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Skills Development 68 songs
hhDefine
hhReinforce
Bible stories through fun Bible songs
•• Benefit from fun activities that spark and keep interest:
•• Making appropriate animal sounds
14 unfamiliar words in the lyrics
•• Exercise creativity by acting out songs with props
hhHumming;
hhImprove
coordination by tapping or clapping with leader to steady beat
•• Learn to:
•• Follow a song leader while staying together with class or CD
hhSing in a round while staying together with group and staying on pitch
enunciating silly words; echo singing; drumming sounds
•• Using dynamic contrast
Variety of Songs to Memorize
•• Fun, folk, holiday, spirituals and gospel, patriotic
Arts & Crafts
Art Projects 2 is a full-color book designed to give month-by-month variety in art. Working with
various types of media, students learn elementary art techniques such as incorporating basic shapes,
coloring and drawing techniques, painting, using primary and complementary colors, and creating
three-dimensional forms. Seasonal projects are also included.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Skill & Concept Development Technique Development
58 projects
•• Basic shapes; 3-D forms (20)
•• Increasing fine motor skills through:
•• Paper folding, cutting, and gluing (46)
•• Enhancing basic concepts of color, line, shape, and texture through:
•• Directional drawing and coloring (13)
hhPainting
techniques such as: spatter, wet-on-dry, wax-resist, etc. (10)
rubbing, etching, and smudging (3)
•• Mixed media; paper sculptures (31)
hhAdding highlights and shading (10)
hhPaper
curling (4)
hhMixing primary and complementary colors (6)
hhIntroducing motion and texture lines (4)
hhCreating mosaics and collages (3)
hhColoring with an underhand grip (1)
hhCrayon
43
Third Grade
Language Arts: Phonics
To firm up the foundation for lifelong reading skills, third graders will briefly
review all of the phonics sounds learned in first and second grades.
Added Enrichment
•• Differentiated instruction using Hand-
book for Reading included in Help Class
(for new students and those needing
remedial help)
•• One- and two-vowel rules
•• 132 special sounds and clue words, including consonant blends,
Skills Development
•• Review:
•• Long and short vowel sounds
•• Consonant sounds
•• Consonant and vowel blends
diphthongs, digraphs, 11 suffixes, 5 prefixes, etc.
•• Know that words ending with a short vowel and k sound end with ck
•• Apply phonics concepts to reading
Language Arts: Reading
Students will develop reading enjoyment and appreciation for literature through a wide variety of
quality reading selections that include children’s classics, Bible and missionary stories, biographies,
stories of adventure, fables, stories of humor and patriotism, and tales of fantasy. Students will also
read four novels: one based on the experiences of a young immigrant; one historical fiction; and
simplified versions of a famous novel and a Christian classic.
The first speed and comprehension reader is introduced.
Literary Value
•• 113 authors, including well-known writers such as
Louisa May Alcott, Hans Christian Andersen, Dr.
Seuss, Laura Ingalls Wilder, Sir Walter Scott, and
Patricia St. John.
•• Selections and adaptations from children’s literature such as Little House in the Big Woods,
A Bear Called Paddington, The Swiss Family
Robinson, The Ugly Duckling, Aesop’s Fables,
Treasures of the Snow, Black Beauty, The
Cricket in Times Square, and Pilgrim’s Progress
•• Character-building themes such as faithfulness,
determination, forgiveness, humility, obedience,
courage, truthfulness, resourcefulness
Materials
Evaluation
•• Readers (6) containing:
•• Weekly oral reading grade
•• Short stories (135)
•• Homework reading quizzes (15)
•• Poems (61)
•• Novels (4)
•• Speed and comprehension reader (1):
•• Read & Think 3 Skill Sheets (30)
for timed silent reading exercises with
written comprehension quizzes
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Reading Skills Development
Readers
•• Read and decode (sound out) words by applying phonics sounds
•• Paths to Adventure—26 stories and 15 poems; contains a wide variety
and rules
•• Strive for increasing:
•• Accuracy, correct enunciation
•• Fluency, phrasing
•• Alertness to punctuation
•• Good expression, comprehension
•• Appropriate pace for grade level
•• Volume and poise
•• Ability to follow along and comprehend as others read orally
hhVocabulary development through words and definitions included
in readers
of styles and topics such as patriotic, Bible, classics, stories
•• Footprints—19 stories and 4 poems with an emphasis on literary and
moral value
•• The Swiss Family Robinson—an 11 chapter adaptation of a classic story
•• Crossroads—21 stories and 6 poems containing a variety of topics and
styles
•• Better Bridges—16 stories and 5 poems with an emphasis on wise,
moral choices
•• Pilgrim Boy—a 16-chapter historical fiction book following a Separa-
tist boy and his family as they travel to the New World onboard the
Mayflower; includes a glossary for class practice and use
44
Reading cont. p. 45
Third Grade
Reading cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Pilgrim’s Progress Simplified—a 35-chapter adaptation of a timeless
Readers cont.
•• Secret in the Maple Tree—a 19-chapter Christian fiction novel based
on an immigrant family growing up in Minnesota; book is used to
write the first book report assigned in the Language curriculum;
includes a glossary
•• Worlds of Wonder—33 stories and 18 poems; includes many patriotic
stories of America as well as a wide variety of stories from around the
world
•• Doors to Discovery—20 stories and 9 poems of adventure emphasizing character values
classic; contains an introduction on the life of John Bunyan; contains
many conceptual illustrations to help students understand the meaning
of this allegory
Comprehension, Discussion, & Analysis
Skills Development
•• Answer factual and interpretive questions for most stories and poems
•• Answer inferential comprehension and d
­ iscussion questions for most
stories and poems
Language Arts: Language
The work-text Language 3 provides a variety of practice exercises for students as they
begin their formal study of English as an academic subject. Students will benefit from
solid skills instruction that will develop their thinking abilities and allow them to express
their thoughts correctly.
Third graders will learn to incorporate correct capitalization, punctuation, sentence
structure, and word usage into their daily speaking and writing. Language 3 gives students practice in recognizing nouns and verbs and correctly using synonyms, antonyms,
and homonyms. Students will also develop their dictionary skills and improve their writing skills through journal entries and creative-writing exercises.
Evaluation
•• Quizzes (22; including dictated quiz)
•• Tests (15)
•• Short format book reports (3)
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Grammar
hhCommas
to separate:
or No at beginning of sentence
hhNames of people you are speaking to (direct address)
hhName of a town or city from the state
hhWords or groups of words in a series
hhParts of a date
hhAfter greeting and closing of a friendly letter
•• Apostrophes:
•• In contractions
•• With s to make a possessive word
hhQuotation marks before and after a direct quotation
•• The sentence: •• Recognize:
•• Complete sentences
•• Kinds of sentences: declarative, interrogative, exclamatory
hhSubjects and verbs
hh Parts of speech:
hhRecognize:
hhCommon and proper nouns
hhAction verbs and other verbs
hhOver 30 irregular verbs and their correct usage
hhAdjectives
hhDiagram subjects and verbs
hhYes
•• Capitalization:
•• First word in every sentence
•• The word I
•• Days of week and months of year
hhSeasons
should not be capitalized
•• Holidays and special days
hhNames
referring to God and the Bible
hhNames
of particular places or things
•• Names of particular people
hhInitials
hhTitles
of respect
word and every important word in titles of books, stories,
songs
•• Punctuation: •• Place:
•• Periods at end of declarative (telling) sentences
•• Question marks after questions
•• Exclamation points after sentences showing strong feeling
hhPeriods after initials
•• Periods after abbreviations
hhFirst
45
Language cont. p. 46
Third Grade
Language cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Composition
Grammar cont.
•• Word study and diction:
•• Writing sentences using an assigned word or topic (97)
•• Completing a sentence (14)
•• Answering an interrogative sentence with a declarative sentence (12)
•• Combining short sentences (8)
•• Rewriting a sentence with correct captialization/punctuation (22)
•• Writing:
•• In chronological order
•• Paragraph/group of sentences about a given topic or picture (7)
•• Story about a given topic or picture (22, including 13 assigned to Journal)
•• Friendly letter (3, thank-you letter, addressing an envelope)
hhForm
plural of words
•• Form contractions (34)
hhRecognize and learn terms for same-meaning words (synonyms),
opposite words (antonyms), and same-sounding words (homonyms)
hhUse dictionary: guide words, pronunciation, meaning, spelling
hhUse helping words
hhCorrectly use:
hhIs, are, isn’t, aren’t, and over 30 other irregular verbs
hhWords such as there, their, they’re; its, it’s
hhBook
reports (3)
•• Journal entries (27)
Language Arts: Cursive Writing
Cursive Writing Skillbook contains a variety of fascinating exercises designed to give third graders
continued instruction and practice in developing their penmanship skills. Students will receive a thorough review of letter formation with an emphasis on correct slant, spacing, and proportion. The many
activities in the book allow students to review phonics, practice their dictionary skills, and improve
their creative-writing abilities.
Added Enrichment
•• Animal dictionary to help answer 91 work-
sheet questions / exercises
•• 26 animal reports to be copied; 5 of which
are included in a science notebook
•• 50-lesson study of the U.S. state emblems
•• Grid chart included with information such
as the state capital, bird, flower, tree, and
popular name
•• 13-lesson study of the Canadian provinces
and territories
•• Chart / key included with information
such as the state capital, bird, flower,
rock, tree, and slogan or popular name
•• 50 lessons including definitions, Bible
verses, and quotations to be copied
into a character notebook
•• 10 lessons including patriotic songs,
poems, documents, and quotes from
famous Americans that can be copied
into a patriotic notebook
Evaluation
•• Progress report boxes (11)
•• Tests (32)
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Writing slowly and carefully
•• Making smooth connections between letters
•• Using key strokes: slant, loops, tails, humps
Skills Development
•• Achieve good writing position:
•• Sitting properly in desk
•• Holding pencil correctly
•• Slanting paper correctly
•Perfect writing skills for a good overall appearance:
•• Correctly writing all upper- and lowercase letters and numbers 0–9
hh Demonstrate
ability to copy from print into cursive
•• Evaluate writing for personal improvement
•• Activities including written practice and review
•• Phonics skills review of all vowels and consonants as well as 132
special sounds
hhPerforming
correct warm-up procedure using slants, ovals, and
basic letter strokes
•• Keeping letters uniform in size, slant, and spacing, and making
them touch the line
hhWriting letters 3/4-space high, using single spacing
hhObserving margins
•• Dictionary skills used during Animal Dictionary Study
•• Accurately reading charts and grids practiced during state and
province study
•• Creative writing practice includes 99 original sentences practicing
good sentence structure
46
Third Grade
Language Arts: Spelling & Poetry
Third graders will increase their vocabulary as they study the spelling and vocabulary words found in
Spelling & Poetry 3. Each list contains words from everyday life and “content words” that include terms
from other academic areas. Students will learn to spell and define two to three vocabulary words with
each list and learn to use them in good original sentences. They will also build spelling and vocabulary
skills by completing a variety of practice exercises.
The poetry section acquaints students with a wide variety of good poetry through classroom recitation
and memorization. By discussing the meaning and purpose of each poem, students will develop their
comprehension skills.
Added Enrichment
•• Spelling lists (34):
•• Character-building quotations
•• Spelling words (664)
•• Teacher resources:
•• Vocabulary words and definitions (100)
•• Sentence banks
•• Practice exercises (34)
•• Practical spelling tips and suggestions
•• Spelling games (19)
•• Poetry:
•• Pronunciation key
•• Poem introductions include:
•• Glossary of vocabulary words includes pronuncia•• Discussion ideas, historical content
•• Suggested motions, enrichment activities
tion and definition of each vocabulary word
Evaluation
•• Spelling tests (33)
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Spelling Skills Development
Poetry Skills Development
hh Master
hh Memorize
spelling lists
•• Use vocabulary words in proper context
hh Memorize vocabulary definitions
•• Correctly write sentences dictated by teacher using vocabulary words
•• Create good sentences using spelling and vocabulary words
•• Apply spelling and phonics concepts through daily:
•• Teacher-directed oral practice
•• Independent written practice
•• Develop dictionary skills
•• Recognize misspelled words in pairs or sentences
•• Learn spelling rules:
•• Use i before e, except after c, or when sounded like a
•• Double a final consonant before adding a suffix beginning with a vowel
•• Drop the silent e before adding a suffix beginning with a vowel
hhKnow how to form contractions
47
8 lyrical poems
•• Develop appreciation of poetry
•• Perform in front of an audience
•• Recite in unison
•• Develop appropriate expression and volume
•• Learn definitions and use of unfamiliar words
•• Improve comprehension through thinking questions
hh Discuss
hh Use
meaning and purpose of poems
proper observation of punctuation
Third Grade
Arithmetic cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
A thorough review of the facts and concepts students learned in grades 1 and 2
provides the foundation for new material covered in Arithmetic 3. Extensive work is
provided in multiplication and division; word problems up to four steps; Roman numerals; averaging numbers; standard measures; equations; and adding, subtracting,
and reducing fractions. Students also benefit from the abundance of review problems
as well as supplementary problems designed to meet individual needs.
Evaluation
•• Skills development exercises (138)
•• Tests (32)
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Numbers
hh Measures
•• Number sentences:
•• With unknowns
•• With greater /less than
•• Place value: ones, tens, ­hundreds, thousands; money
•• Writing numbers:
•• From dictation to ten thousands’ place
•• From number words
•• Roman numerals:
•• Value of I, V, X, L, C, D, M
•• Counting 1–30
•• Basic rules: the numeral V may not be repeated or s­ ubtracted
hhMore
hhOrder
Subtraction
•• Subtraction families 1–18: mixed order
•• Timed mastery
•• Missing number
complex rules for forming Roman numerals
hh Missing
sign
arithmetic: problems combining subtraction, addition, multiplication, and division up to 5 numbers
•• Subtracting with any number of digits, money
•• Word problems:
hhClue words: how many (much) more, have left, less, fewer, how much
change
hh Terms: minuend, subtrahend, difference
•• Borrowing:
hhFrom any whole number in any position
hhWith any number of zeros in the minuend
hh Checking by addition
hh Fractions
hh Measures
•• Number sentences:
•• With unknowns
•• With greater/less than
hhOrder of operations
•• >, <, =
hhFinding
hh Mental
missing Roman numerals
•• Number sentences:
•• With unknowns
•• Greater/less than
hhOrder
of operations (parentheses)
Addition
hh Recognize
of operations (parentheses)
symbols: = (equal) and ≠ (not equal)
•• Addition families 1–18: mixed order
•• Timed mastery
•• Terms: addend, sum
•• Missing number
•• Missing sign
hh Word
problems:
words: in all, altogether, how many (much) more (in a statement)
hhProblem set up
•• Money:
•• Adding:
•• Dimes and pennies
•• Nickels and pennies
•• Dimes, nickels, pennies
•• Any combination of half dollars, quarters, dimes, nickels, and /
or pennies by converting to cents
•• Principles:
•• Commutative
hhAssociative
hh Mental arithmetic: problems combining addition, subtraction,
multiplication, and division up to 5 numbers
hh Carrying to any place value
•• Checking by addition
•• Addends: column addition
hh Averaging
hh Fractions
hhClue
Multiplication
•• Multiplication tables:
•• 0–5
hh6–12
•• Word problems:
hhClue
words: twice, times as many, per
•• Principles:
•• Commutative
hhAssociative
•• Timed mastery
•• Terms: factor, product, partial product
hh Missing
number
sign
hh Mental arithmetic: problems combining multiplication, division, addition, and subtraction up to 5 numbers
•• Multiplying:
hhWith any number of digits in first factor
hhWith up to 2 digits in second factor
hh Missing
48
Arithmetic cont. p. 49
Third Grade
Arithmetic cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Multiplication cont.
Decimals
•• Money:
•• Use of dollar sign and decimal point in addition
hh Carrying:
hhTo
the tens’, hundreds’, and thousands’ places
problems with 2-digit multiplier
hh Checking by reversing factors
hh Number sentences:
hhWith unknowns
hhWith greater/less than
hhOrder of operations (parentheses)
hhUse
of dollar sign and decimal point in s­ ubtraction, multiplication,
division
hhIn
Problem Solving & Applications
•• Word problems:
hhSteps
of problem-solving process
•• Addition, subtraction, multiplication
hhDivision
Division
•• Fractions, money
•• Recognize symbols: ÷ and
•• Division tables:
•• 1–5
hhMeasures:
hhDry
measures of capacity
and yards in a mile
hhLiter
hhConverting measures
hhMeasurement problems
•• Clue words
hhUp to 4 steps
•• Mixed operations
•• Applications:
hhPuzzles
hhMultiple combinations
•• Time, length, money, weight, fractions
hhFeet
hh6–12
hh Word
problems:
words: divided equally, shared equally
hh Steps of division
hh Terms: dividend, divisor, quotient
hh Short division
hh Missing number
hh Timed master
hh Mental arithmetic: prob­lems combining division, multiplication,
subtraction, and addition up to 5 numbers
hh Divisors: 1 and 2 digits
hh Dividends: any number of digits, money
hh Remainders: writing as a fraction
hh Checking by multiplication
hh Money
hh Averaging
hh Number sentences:
hhWith unknowns
hhWith greater / less than
hhOrder of operations (parentheses)
hhClue
Time
•• Clock: face, hour/minute hands
•• A.M. and P.M.
•• Reading and writing time
•• Table of time:
•• Seconds, minutes, hours
•• Days, months
•• Calendar, year
hhLeap
year
Money
Fractions
•• Recognition and value of all coins
•• Counting and combining all coins
•• Recognize symbols: $ (dollar sign) and . (decimal point)
•• Word problems, making change
•• Addition
•• Parts of a whole:
•• Halves, thirds, fourths
hhFifths,
sixths, sevenths, eighths, ninths, tenths
fractional part
hh Parts of a group: any fractional part
•• Finding the fractional part of a whole number:
hhWith a mixed number as the answer
hh Word problems
hh Timed mastery
hh Reading and writing fractions
hh Number line
hh Types: equivalent, mixed, for a whole number
hh Reducing to lowest terms
hh Adding:
hhWith a common denominator
hhMixed numbers with a common denominator
hh Subtracting:
hhWith a common denominator
hhMixed numbers with a common denominator
hhComparing fractions
hhAny
hh Subtraction,
multiplication, division; equations
Measures
•• Temperature:
•• Reading and writing
•• Terms: degrees
•• Fahrenheit:
•• Freezing and boiling points of water; normal body temperature
•• Celsius:
•• Freezing and boiling points of water
hhNormal
body temperature
•• Length:
•• English system: inch, foot, yard
hhMile
•• Metric system: centimeter, meter
•• Weight:
•• English system: ounce, pound
hhTon
•• Metric system: gram, kilogram
49
Arithmetic cont. p. 50
Third Grade
Arithmetic cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Measures cont.
Geometry
•• Capacity:
•• English liquid measures: cup, pint, quart, gallon
•• Plane figures:
•• Recognize and draw shapes:
•• Circle, rectangle, square
hhEnglish
dry measures: pint, quart, peck, gallon, bushel
system: liter
hh Ordering measures least to greatest
hh Converting from one measure to another within same system
hh Adding unlike measures within same system
hh Subtracting unlike measures within same system
hhMetric
hhParallelogram,
•• Triangle
hhTrapezoid
hhRecognize
right angle, parallel lines
Pre-Algebra
Graphing, Statistics, Probability
hh Statistics:
rhombus
hh Finding
averaging
the unknown number in an ­equation
History & Geography
Our American Heritage is a biographical study of the people who made an impact on American history
through their character, contributions, and courage. Students will be inspired as they learn more information about these great Americans. This chronologically arranged introduction to American history
makes it easier for students to remember important events and provides them with valuable heroes
and role models. This 89-lesson course is taught in the spring semester.
Added Enrichment
•• Important words and names boxes
•• Timeline of 10 important dates to clearly
show time period relating to the 22
people studied
•• Important places boxes with map(s) (16)
•• Comprehension checks (40)
•• Stop and Think sections: considering how
Evaluation
•• Quizzes (19)
•• Tests (7)
to impact our ­country for good
•• Geography worksheets (18)
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Study of Our American Heritage through
Biographies of Great People
hh Ulysses
S. Grant: Union general, eighteenth President
May Alcott: stories about pioneer life — Little Women, Little Men
hh Booker T. Washington: founder of Tuskegee Institute
hh George Washington Carver: director of agriculture at Tuskegee Institute
hh Laura Ingalls Wilder: stories about pioneer life — Little House in the
Big Woods, Little House on the Prairie, On the Banks of Plum Creek,
By the Shores of Silver Lake
hh Billy Sunday: baseball, Chicago “White Stockings,” great evangelist
hh Martin Luther King, Jr.: segregation ends, Rosa Parks, “I Have a Dream”
hh Louisa
hh Christopher
Columbus: discovery of America
Smith: founding of Jamestown
hh Pocahontas: helped save Jamestown
hh Miles Standish: Pilgrim leader, founding of Plymouth Colony
hh Squanto: an instrument of God, Pilgrims
hh William Penn: Quaker, founder of Pennsylvania
hh Benjamin Franklin: writer, inventor, ambassador, Constitutional
­Convention
hh George Washington: general during the War for Independence, first
­President, Mount Vernon
hh Thomas Jefferson: Declaration of Independence, third President,
­Monticello, Jefferson Memorial hh Daniel Boone: French and Indian War, pioneer, Wilderness Road
hh Noah Webster: The Blue-Backed Speller, an American dictionary
hh John Greenleaf Whittier: “Snow-Bound”
hh Robert E. Lee: Civil War; general of Confederate Army; Arlington,
Virginia, Lee’s home
hh Abraham Lincoln: sixteenth President, Civil War, ended slavery,
­assassinated, Lincoln Memorial
hh Clara Barton: American Red Cross Society
hh John
Geography Study
•• Globe, continents, oceans
•• Map skills:
hhMap
key, compass rose, map grid, distance scale
•• Directions
•• 50 states taught and reviewed in sections; i­dentification and location
of specific states
Mountains
•• Gulf of Mexico, Great Lakes, Mississippi River
•• Canada, Mexico
•• Rocky Mountains, Yellowstone National Park, Grand Canyon National
Park, Yosemite National Park
hh Appalachian
50
Third Grade
Science
Added Enrichment
Beginning with the most important part of God’s creation, man, Exploring God’s
World teaches students about the human body, with an emphasis on the sense
organs and how they work. After exploring the world of plants, students will
learn how to classify animals as vertebrates and invertebrates. Students will also
“visit” the ocean, desert, pond, forest, and field to observe plants and animals
in these environments. Exploring God’s World concludes with a study of the
weather. This 75-lesson course is taught in the fall semester.
•• Hands-on learning activities in daily
lessons (18)
•• Worksheets (4)
•• CDs (2; with 16 related stories)
Evaluation
•• Quizzes (18)
•• Tests (6)
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Other ways of growing plants:
Human Biology
hh Nervous
hhStems,
System: brain, nerves, spinal cord
hhSpores
•• Sense Organs:
•• Eyes:
Activities & Demonstrations:
•• Finding a baby plant
hhGrowing plants from a sweet potato and white potato
hhGrowing a plant from a cutting and a mold
hhStudying a piece of moss
hhMaking a spore print
hhDetailed
diagram of eye
•• Parts of the eye:
•• Iris, pupil, lens, retina
hhOptic nerve
•• Protection:
hhTears, glasses
•• Ears:
•• Sound:
hhVibrate, sound waves
hhDetailed diagram of ear
•• Parts of the ear:
•• Eardrum
hhOuter ear, auditory (hearing) canal, middle ear, hammer,
anvil, stirrup, cochlea, auditory nerve
•• Protection
•• Nose:
hhOdors: molecules
•• Tongue:
•• Taste buds: sweet, salty, sour, and bitter
•• Skin:
•• Touch, pores
hhSensitivity, perspiring, scab
•• Protection
Vertebrates
hh Characteristics:
backbones, inside skeleton, classified into five groups
worksheets (2)
hh Mammals: make milk, have hair, no more than four limbs, warmblooded, lungs
hh Fish: gills, fins, cold-blooded
hh Amphibians: gills and lungs, smooth, moist skin, lay eggs, cold-blooded
hh Reptiles:
hhCharacteristics: lungs, dry scales, cold-blooded
hhExamples: snakes, lizards
hh Birds: feathers, wings, two legs, lungs, bills or beaks, egg tooth
hhCorrelating
Invertebrates
hh Characteristics:
no backbone, weak muscles, small animals with soft
bodies, outside skeletons if they have them, cold-blooded
•• Kinds of invertebrates:
•• Earthworms:
hhSetae, ten hearts
hhOctopuses: tentacles, defense system, siphon
hhStarfish: tube feet, no mouth, can grow a new arm if one is lost
•• Insects:
hhBiggest group of invertebrates
•• Three main characteristics:
•• Six legs
hhThree body parts:
hhHead, thorax, abdomen: spiracles
hhOuter skeleton
hhComplete metamorphosis
hhSenses: compound eye, antennae
•• Protection:
•• Camouflage
hhMimicry
•• Spiders:
hhTwo body parts, spiderlings, ballooning
hhExamples: bolas spider, water spider
Activities & Demonstrations:
hhWatching the pupil change sizes
hhDiscovering that two eyes are better than one
hhMaking a tin-can telephone
•• Locating taste buds
•• Demonstrating:
hhMolecules traveling through the air
hhSensitivity of nerve endings in the skin (2)
hhGrowth of nails
Plants
•• Seeds:
hhSeed
coat
hhNecessary
•• Flowers:
shoots, buds, and cuttings
and mosses
for growth: water, soil, air, right temperature
hhPollination
•• Stems
•• Leaves:
Activities & Demonstrations:
•• Observing insects closely
hhPhotosynthesis
•• Roots
51
Science cont. p. 52
Third Grade
Science cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
The Desert
The Forest
hh Animals:
hh The
kangaroo rat, desert tortoise, jack rabbit
hh Plants: thorns, waxy coats, prickly pear
hh Homes: protection from heat
hhBirds: cactus plants
hhSnakes: crevices of rock
hh Amphibians: desert toad
forest community:
on trees
hhSapsucker, ants
hh Food in forest: green plants, trees, food chain
hhCorrelating worksheet
hh Tiny forest plants: fungi, bacteria, mushrooms, toadstools
•• Trees:
hhCrown, trunk, heartwood, sapwood, bark, annual rings
hhAutumn colors: nitrogen
•• Enjoying the forest: camouflage
hhDepends
Activities & Demonstrations:
hhOver-watering desert plants
The Ocean
hh Oceanography,
oceanographers
of the sea: mineral, salt, calcium
hh Why is the ocean so salty?
hh The ocean’s energy: always moving
hh Life in the ocean: plankton, baleen whale
hh Ocean plants make food: algae, food chain
hh Tide pools
hh The ocean floor: sonar, coral reefs, sediment
The Farmer’s Field
hh Minerals
hh Soil
hhTopsoil,
subsoil
soil
hhTaking care of the soil: rotate, fertilizer
hhSoil erosion: gullies
•• Animals in the farmer’s field
•• Earthworms, moles: underground homes
hhShrews, skunks, field mice
hhFertile
Activities & Demonstrations:
hhDiscovering why the ocean is salty
hhMaking some limestone
Activities & Demonstrations:
hhFinding what’s in the soil
•• Making an earthworm farm
hhTaking a walk through a field
The Pond
hh The
pond community: freshwater
pondweed
•• Fish, birds
hh Muskrat
•• Amphibians:
•• Frogs
hhSalamanders
•• Reptiles: turtles, snakes
•• Invertebrates:
•• Insects:
•• Dragonfly, damselfly, mosquito
hhBack swimmer, water boatman, whirligig
hhWater strider, surface film
•• Worms, spiders
hhSnails
hh Plants:
Weather
hh Definition
of weather
•• Atmosphere:
•• Heat
•• Water:
hhWater
hhThree
•• Wind
vapor
forms: solid, liquid, gas
hh Water
cycle: condensation, precipitation, evaporation
worksheet
•• Types of precipitation:
•• Rain, snow
hhSleet, hail
•• Storms:
•• Thunderstorms:
hhHumid, lightning
•• Hurricane
•• Tornado:
hhTwister
hhCorrelating
Activities & Demonstrations:
hhObserving protozoans in a drop of water
hhSeeing how oxygen is dissolved in water
hhObserving the surface of the water
hhTaking a walk by a pond
Activities & Demonstrations:
hhDiscovering what evaporates faster
hhFinding out if warm air rises
hhMaking rain clouds
52
Third Grade
Health
The purpose of Health, Safety, & Manners 3 is to teach students about the body God has
given them and to encourage them to practice good health, safety, and manners habits
each day. Third-grade students enjoy learning about good posture, personal hygiene,
exercise, nutrition, courtesy, first aid, safety, and spiritual growth.
Added Enrichment
•• Comprehension Checks (25)
Something You Can Do boxes (42)
•• Terms to Remember and
Habits to Form boxes (29)
•• The Manners Twins and Safety Sam
•• Review worksheets for specific topics (2)
•• Physical exercises (6)
•• Fun games (3)
Evaluation
•• Quizzes (15)
•• Tests (4)
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Balanced diet:
Health
hhFood
Pyramid’s 5 groups: grains, vegetables and fruits, milk, meat
and beans, oils
•• Good breakfast, lunch, and dinner
•• Good food choices:
•• Milk; lean protein foods; foods rich in vitamin C
•• Variety of cooked and raw vegetables
•• Fruit or fruit juice
•• Whole-grain foods: bread, cereal, rice, and pasta
•• Fats, sugar, and salt
•• Mealtime:
hhManners: using plate, glass, napkin, serving bowl and spoon, eating
utensils
hhCorrelating worksheet
hhHelpers: clothing; jobs
hhFood labels:
hhCheck the date
hhCheck the ingredients:
hhSugars: honey, molasses, sucrose
hhCauses of malnutrition
•• Good mealtime habits:
•• Coming to the table clean and on time
•• Thanking God for the food
•• Keeping the hand that is not in use in your lap
•• Keeping elbows off the table
•• Taking small bites; chewing food well
•• Not talking with food in mouth; chewing with mouth closed
•• Using napkin properly
•• Eating a little bit of every food on the table
•• Keeping conversations pleasant
•• Personal hygiene: cleanliness, neatness
•• Good cleanliness habits:
•• Bathing daily, with clean washcloth and towel
•• Washing hands properly
•• Keeping nails clean and trimmed
•• Hair grooming: shampooing, using a brush or comb
•• Wearing clean underclothes
hhWearing clean socks
•• Skin:
hhParts: epidermis, dermis, sweat glands, oil glands
•• Personal care: bathing, hand-washing, cuticle care
•• Posture:
•• Sitting, standing, walking
hhBending,
pulling, lifting, pushing
skull, scapula, clavicle, humerus, ­sternum, ribs, vertebrae,
pelvis, femur, patella, phalanges
hhCorrelating worksheet
•• Good posture habits:
hhHead up, shoulders back, back straight, abdomen in
•• Toes forward
hh Muscles, exercise, and rest:
hhMuscles:
hhVoluntary muscles: skeletal muscles, biceps, triceps, trapezius,
abdominal, facial
hhTendons
hhInvoluntary muscles: heart and cardiac muscle, diaphragm
•• Exercise:
•• Importance
•• Fresh air
hhProtein foods
hhEndurance exercises:
hhRunning, jumping, and swimming
hhStrengthens heart and lungs
•• Good habits for rest:
hhTaking a day of rest each week
•• Amount of sleep needed
•• Same bedtime each night; going right to sleep
•• Nutrients:
hhDigestive system: esophagus, stomach, small and large intestines,
digestive juices
•• Good digestion habits:
•• Chewing food well
•• Eating meals at regular times
•• Resting or playing quietly for a while before and after meals
•• Getting fresh air and exercise
•• Not eating too much at a time
•• Being pleasant at the table
hhSources and benefits of nutrients: protein; vitamins A, B, C, D, K;
minerals; carbohydrates; fats and oils; water and fiber
hhBones:
53
Health cont. p. 54
Third Grade
Health cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Spiritual, social, and mental health:
Health cont.
hh Promoting
•• Hair: washing, lice prevention
•• Teeth:
spiritual growth: God’s Word, prayer, witnessing, obedience
•• Promoting good social health: putting others first
•• Promoting good mental health:
•• Using your mind
hhParts
and kinds: crown, cusp, root, incisor, cuspid, bicuspid,
molar
hhOrthodontist
•• Good dental hygiene habits:
•• Brushing teeth:
hhFluoride toothpaste
hhFlossing teeth
•• Regular dental checkups
•• Disease:
hhHow germs enter the body
hhInfectious diseases
hhFood preparation
hhDisease prevention and cures:
hhAntibodies, vaccine, smallpox, immunization
hhBacteria, virus, colds, antibiotic
hhTonsillitis, bronchitis, pneumonia, tuberculosis, tetanus, cancer
hhEdward Jenner, Florence Nightingale, Louis Pasteur
•• Good health habits:
•• Eating a well-balanced diet
•• Getting adequate exercise, fresh air, and sleep
•• Keeping your body clean
•• Having regular doctor and dental checkups
hhStaying away from those who have an infectious disease
hhNot sharing drinking glass or foods
•• Preventing the spreading of cold germs: coughing and sneezing
hhNot spitting
hhKeeping a clean home
hhKeeping food clean and covered
hhKeeping garbage can covered
•• Using handkerchiefs and tissues
•• Good habits during sickness:
•• Drinking liquids
•• Getting plenty of rest
•• Eating nourishing foods
hh First Aid:
hhArtificial respiration; signs of infection
hhTypes of wounds: cuts, scrapes, abrasions, punctures, slivers, blisters, bruises, burns, nosebleeds
hhScab; sterile; antiseptic
hhSimple and compound fractures
hhStrains and sprains
hhBites and stings: black widow, brown recluse, rabies
hhPoisoning
hhElectrical shock
hhPracticing good first aid:
hhTreating an injury with clean hands
hhKeeping the bandage sterile
hhLetting scabs heal
hhCleaning open wounds
hhTreating blisters, bruises, burns, broken bones, sprained joints,
strained muscles correctly
hhRemoving an insect stinger or a tick
hhTreating snakebites
hhDealing with breathing a harmful gas
hhHelping someone who is hurt by electricity
hhForming
good study habits
•• Thinking right thoughts
hhHaving
regular responsibilities
•• Maintaining a cheerful attitude
Safety
•• Learn safety habits for preventing falls:
•• Reaching high items with a stepladder
•• Keeping things picked up and put away
•• Cleaning up spilled water or food immediately
hhReplacing
burned-out light bulbs
•• Learn to play safely:
•• Not playing in the street
hhNot
playing around workmen
to your body concerning rest
hhBeing a good sport
hh Recognize poisonous plants: poison oak, poison ivy, poison sumac
hh Practice street safety:
hhAround strangers; pedestrians
hhCrossing a busy intersection; dusk
hhGetting out of a bus
•• Know these traffic signs:
•• Stop sign; warning sign; railroad warning and crossing signs
hhSchool sign
•• Street safety habits:
•• Where to safely walk on a street
•• Crossing busy street; between parked cars
hhLight-colored clothing for walking at night
•• Bicycle safety:
•• Ride on right side of the street
hhKeep bike in good working condition
•• Know bicycle hand signals
hhCorrelating worksheet
hhRide slowly in the rain
•• Always wear a safety helmet
•• Walk your bicycle across busy intersections
hhRide single file when with a group
•• Water safety:
hhStaying afloat
hhGetting in a boat
hhCalling for help
hhGetting a cramp
•• Water safety habits:
•• Never swim alone
•• Get out of the water when tired or cold
hhNever jokingly call for help
•• Never swim during an electrical storm
hhListening
54
Health cont. p. 55
Third Grade
Health cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Manners
Safety cont.
•• Being polite, thoughtful:
•• Saying “please,” “thank you,” “I’m sorry,” “excuse me”
•• Fire safety:
•• Fire drills
hhNot
chewing gum in public places
of litter
•• Showing respect to older people
hh Special manners for boys and girls
•• Polite conversation
•• Telephone courtesy: answering, dialing the wrong number
•• Making introductions
•• Company manners
•• Good habits while playing:
hhTaking turns; letting others be first; following the rules
hhPlaying your best for your team; being a good sport when losing
•• Thinking of others
hhCarbon
monoxide
liquids
•• Fire safety habits:
•• Burning buildings; exiting from a building that is filled with
smoke
•• Stop, drop, and roll
hhTending a campfire
hhDisposing
hhFlammable
Bible
DAVID
Young
Life
of
David
Flash-a-Card®
SERIES 1
3 Lessons—21 Cards
1 God Chooses David
2 David Kills Goliath
3 David and Jonathan
Lesson Guide Included
´.,R/L¨
14125015
abeka.com
As students embark on their third-grade Bible studies, they will be excited about
the new Bible stories they will be learning. These stories include Old Testament
Bible characters such as Samuel, David, Elijah, Elisha, Daniel, Esther, Ezra, and
Nehemiah. As children listen to the events leading up to King David’s rule, they
will see the contrast between King Saul and David. Students will hear examples of
David’s heart toward God and that true obedience comes from the heart. Students
will be challenged to examine their own hearts in their walk with God.
Evaluation
•• Graded memory verse passages (9)
•• Content tests (6)
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Lessons
Memory Work
390 A Beka Flash-a-Cards
•• Salvation Series (5 lessons)
hh New
of Jesus Series 1 and 2 (12); Life of Samuel (4)
hh Young David (3); David in Hiding (4)
•• First Christmas (5)
hh Elijah (6); Elisha (8); Daniel (6); Esther (5); Ezra and Nehemiah (7)
•• Crucifixion and Resurrection (9); The First Thanksgiving
Music
Doctrinal Drill
37 questions/answers
•• Increase Bible knowledge of basic doctrines: the Bible, God, sin,
­salvation, heaven, assurance of salvation
Prayer Time
•• Learn to pray with thanks­giving for each other, our nation, those in
36 songs
•• Hymns of the faith, patriotic songs, holiday songs, ­choruses including:
hh8
passages (9) containing 34 verses
•• Review verses (54)
hh Parables
authority over us
new hymns and songs; 8 new choruses
55
Third Grade
Music
Songs We Enjoy 3 brings together many of the traditional, patriotic, holiday, and fun songs that
American children have enjoyed singing for generations. Today’s children still love these songs.
The sing-along CD makes song time easy for the teacher and delightful for the students.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Variety of Songs to Memorize
Skills Development 6 4 songs
•• Folk, fun songs, spirituals and gospels, patriotic, holiday, Americana
hh Explain
meaning of 19 unfamiliar phrases or words in lyrics
hh Sing rounds in two or more parts
•• Follow a song leader while singing together with class or CD
•• Benefit from fun activities that spark and keep interest:
•• Echo parts, whistling
hhGroup parts
hh Learn patriotism through patriotic music and folk songs
Arts & Crafts
Art Projects 3 features some simplified and some finely detailed crafts. Students are introduced to
the concept of secondary colors, the colors of the spectrum, and the use of perspective. Coloring,
drawing, modeling, painting and texture techniques build upon what third graders have previously
been taught. Students enjoy creating three-dimensional forms using several types of media.
RED indicates first introduction of content.
Skill & Concept Development
Technique Development
39 projects
•• Develop concepts through:
•• Primary colors; secondary colors; complementary colors (10):
•• Mixing / blending colors (4)
•• Enhancing techniques through:
•• Direction coloring; drawing; 3-D forms (47)
hhPainting
(8)
hhSmudging;
mixed media collage; mosaics; mobiles (5)
•• Underhand grip and shading (5)
56
Language Arts: Reading
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Outstanding children’s literature by famous authors, combined with colorful art and design, entices
young readers to come back for more. Students will be entertained and inspired as they read children’s
classics; stories of missionaries, inventors, and people who overcame difficulties; factual stories about colonial
and pioneer Americans; and patriotic stories.
Fourth graders will also read two Christian fiction ­novels that they will use when writing language book
reports. Two speed and comprehension readers will e
­ nlarge students’ ­reading interests, teach them to
skim, and develop their ­reading speed and power of comprehension.
Literary Value
•• 140 authors, including such well-
known writers as E. B. White, Lewis
Carroll, and Rudyard Kipling
•• Character-building themes such
as faithfulness, honesty, industry,
­kindness, perseverance, resourcefulness, and service
Materials
•• Readers (4) containing:
•• Short stories (121)
•• Poems (74)
•• Christian fiction novels (2)
•• Speed and comprehension readers (2):
•• Read & Think 4 Skills Sheets (44)
•• Adventures in Other Lands exercises (28)
•• Scripture selections (59)
Evaluation
•• Weekly oral reading grade
•• Homework reading quizzes (3)
•• Vocabulary comprehension quizzes (8)
•• Speed and comprehension q
­ uizzes (72)
for timed silent reading exercises and
stories
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Reading Skills Development
Comprehension, Discussion, & Analysis
Skills Development
•Strive for increased:
•• Accuracy, fluency, and good expression
•• Answer factual and interpretive questions for most stories and poems
•• Answer inferential c­ omprehension and ­discussion questions for most
hhPace
and comprehension while r­ eading silently
•• Ability to follow along and comprehend as others read orally
hhImprovement of flow
•• Vocabulary development through words and definitions included
in readers
hhAbility to read poetry correctly
stories and poems
ability to use deductive reasoning, understand cause and
effect, and draw conclusions
hh Determine main characters, theme, climax, and turning point
hh Develop
Language Arts: Language
Evaluation
God’s Gift of Language A emphasizes usage and the writing process. Students
are given extensive instruction on how to write letters, book reports, and even
an encyclopedia report. God’s Gift of ­Language A also includes a variety of
creative-writing exercises and excellent sections on using the dictionary and
the encyclopedia. Traditional grammar training continues as students learn to
recognize all eight parts of speech; identify simple and compound subjects and
verbs; diagram subjects, verbs, adjectives, and adverbs; and learn simple rules
for correct usage and subject and verb agreement.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
student book
•• Tests (12)
•• Graded book reports (7):
•• Short format (2; each counts as 2 quiz grades)
•• Long format (3; each counts as test grade)
•• Oral (2; each counts as test grade)
•• Encyclopedia report (counts as 2 quiz grades)
•• First and every important word in:
•• Titles of books
Grammar
•• Capitalization:
•• First word in every sentence
hhFirst
•• Quizzes (23) from quiz /test book
•• Quizzes (7) dictated or from e
­ xercises in
hhMagazines,
newspapers
•• Poems, stories, songs
word of direct quotations
•• Particular person, place, or thing
•• The word I
•• Days of week and months of year, but not seasons
hhWords
used as a name such as Mother, Father, Grandmother, and
Grandfather
•• Names referring to God and the Bible
•• Initials
•• Title of a person when it comes before a name
hhFirst
word in every line of poetry
•• Holidays and special days
57
Language cont. p. 58
Fourth Grade
Language cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Grammar cont.
hh Pronouns:
hhIdentify
antecedents
to correctly use subjective, objective, and possessive
pronouns
hhUnderstand how to diagram pronoun subjects
•• Adjectives:
•• Identify adjectives
hhLocate adjectives in the predicate that describe the subject
hhCompare adjectives correctly
hhLearn how to diagram adjectives
hhAdverbs:
hhUnderstand adverbs modify verbs, adjectives, and adverbs
hhDistinguish adverbs from a
­ djectives
hhUse good and well correctly
hhUse adverbs and negatives correctly
hhLearn how to diagram adverbs
hhPrepositions: identify prepositional phrases
hhConjunctions: recognize and, but, or, nor, for, yet
hhInterjections: use correctly
•• Word study and diction:
•• The dictionary: alphabetical order, guide words, dictionary
­information
hhUnderstand agreement of s
­ ubject and verb
•• Review using these troublesome words correctly: sit, set; its, it’s; your,
you’re; their, there; to, too, two; learn, teach; can, may; good, well
hhUnderstand how to use these troublesome words: lie, lay; accept,
except; affect, effect; beside, besides; between, among; burst, bust;
have, of; less, fewer; off of, off; to, and; wait on, wait for
hhUse negative words correctly
•• Form contractions correctly
•• Punctuation:
•• End marks
•• Commas:
•• To separate:
•• Three or more items in a series, city from state in address, Yes
hhLearn
or No at beginning of sentence
items in address
•• To set off words of direct address
•• After greeting of a friendly letter and closing of any letter
hhDirect quotations
•• Quotation Marks:
•• Before and after a direct quotation
hhBefore and after titles of short stories, poems, songs,
chapters, and magazine or newspaper articles
•• Apostrophes: in contractions and possessive words
•• Colons:
hhTo write time
hhIn scripture references
hhAfter greeting of business letters
hhUnderlining titles of books, newspapers, magazines, ships, plays,
and works of art
•• The sentence:
•• Recognize and write good ­sentences
•• Recognize fragments
hhCorrect fragments
•• Classify a sentence according to its purpose: declarative,
interrogative, exclamatory
hhRecognize and classify imperative sentences
hhRecognize and correct run-together sentences
hhUse specifics to write interesting sentences
hhRecognize complete subject and predicate
•• Identify simple subject and verb
hhRecognize verb phrases
hhIdentify compound subject and verb
•• Diagram simple subjects and verbs
hhDiagram compound subjects and verbs
hhUnderstand agreement of subject and verb
•• Parts of speech:
hhRecognize all eight parts of speech
hhDiagram all parts of speech except preposition and interjection
•• Verbs:
•• Action, state of being, helping verbs
hhCompound verbs; verb phrases
•• Nouns:
hhRecognize compound nouns
•• Review common and proper nouns
•• Use nouns as subjects
•• Review singular and plural nouns
•• Understand how to make nouns plural
hhOther
Composition
•• Write good sentences
•• Complete various creative writing assignments such as writing about
a picture, describing an event, writing with details, using the right
words, writing about a maxim, describing a place you would like to
visit, etc. (7 assignments)
•• Write friendly letters, thank-you notes, properly addressed envelopes
hh Write post cards
hh Write with details
hh Gather information by observation and reading
hh Know how to use encyclopedia headings and guide words
hh Learn the Writing Process: read and gather, think and plan, write and
rewrite, check and polish, share your results
hh Write an encyclopedia report using the writing process: take notes;
make a rough draft; check, polish, and rewrite the rough draft
hh Learn to use the Writer’s Checklist
hh Use the writing process to write a book report
hh Use the checklist for book reports
hh Prepare and give oral reports
58
Fourth Grade
Language Arts: Penmanship
Added Enrichment
Penmanship Mastery I provides daily practice for penmanship excellence. This text emphasizes the importance of correct formation, spacing, letter size and slant, and overall
neatness. Each week’s lessons feature exercises which allow students to practice
writing difficult connections, improve their listening skills, and develop their creativewriting abilities. Students will enjoy the interesting and challenging games in the text.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Journal entries including several
creative writing pages discussing
“A Word to Live By" (26)
•• Creative writing assignments (56)
Evaluation
•• Tests (33)
•• Progress report boxes (26)
•• Maintain correct letter formation, uniform slant and size, correct spac-
Skills Development
ing, letters that touch the line, and proper margins for overall appearance
•• Use key strokes: slant, loops, tails, humps
•• Evaluate writing for personal improvement
•• Copy most assignments from print to cursive
•• Write dictated sentences
•• Complete a weekly journal entry or “A Word to Live By” assignment
•• Copy assignments from print to cursive using language skills and science and geography facts
•• Achieve good writing position:
•• Sitting properly in desk
•• Holding pencil correctly
•• Slanting paper correctly
•• Learn to write:
hhWith
pens
a flowing movement and relaxed grip
•• Use correct warm-up procedure with slants, ovals, and basic letter
strokes
•• Correctly write all upper- and lowercase letters and numbers 0–9
hhWith
Language Arts: Spelling, Vocabulary, & Poetry
Spelling, Vocabulary, & Poetry 4 features a variety of spelling and vocabulary words that are crucial for
expanding each student’s vocabulary. Not only will students learn words that relate to other academic
subjects and words that are commonly used in writing and speaking, but they will also learn the spellings
and postal abbreviations for each of the fifty states. By completing the variety of exercises found in Spelling, Vocabulary, & Poetry 4, students will learn how to use spelling and vocabulary words correctly in their
speaking and writing. They will also improve proofreading skills.
The six poems included in this text have been selected for their beauty of language, literary greatness, and
character-building qualities. Fourth graders will improve their comprehension skills as they learn how to
develop a mental visualization of each poem.
Added Enrichment
•• Spelling and vocabulary:
•• Spelling lists (34) including review
list at end of each 9 weeks:
•• Total words (642)
•• Vocabulary words and definitions
(233)
•• Practice exercises (38)
•• Spelling games (19)
•• Poetry:
•• Pronunciation key
•• Poem introductions include discussion
•• Glossary of vocabulary words
ideas, some historical content, and
•• Bible verses and references e
­ ncouraging
Evaluation
•• Spelling tests (34)
­information about the author
good character traits
•• Quick-reference spelling rules in text
•• For teachers: sentence banks; practical
spelling tips and ­suggestions
•• CD included to help with correct
­interpretation
•• Vocabulary words and definitions with
each poem
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
hh Learn
background information on some spelling and vocabulary words
for spelling errors: recognizing misspelled words in pairs,
lists, and sentences
hh Learn the spellings and abbreviations of the fifty states
•• Learn rules:
•• Use i before e, except after c, or when sounded like a
•• Double a final consonant before adding a suffix beginning with a
vowel
•• Drop the silent e before adding a suffix beginning with a vowel
Spelling & Vocabulary Skills Development
hh Master
hh Proofread
spelling and vocabulary lists
•• Use vocabulary words in proper context
•• Memorize vocabulary definitions
•• Correctly write sentences dictated by teacher using vocabulary words
•• Create good sentences using spelling and vocabulary words
•• Further develop dictionary skills
•• Apply spelling and phonics concepts through daily teacher-directed
oral practice and independent written practice
59
Spelling, Vocab., & Poetry cont. p. 60
Fourth Grade
Spelling, Vocabulary, & Poetry cont.
•• Recite in unison
•• Develop appropriate expression and volume
•• Learn definitions and use of unfamiliar words
Spelling & Vocabulary Skills Development cont.
hhLearn
hhLearn
when to change y to i when adding suffixes
some exceptions to ie rule
hh Improve
comprehension of emotion and content
mental visualization of the poem
•• Discuss meaning and purpose of each poem
•• Use proper observation of punctuation
hh Learn the term stanza
Poetry Skills Development
hh Memorize
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
hh Develop
5 lyrical poems and a portion of 1 epic poem
•• Develop appreciation of poetry
•• Perform in front of an audience
Arithmetic
The colorful daily worksheets in Arithmetic 4 provide practice over familiar concepts and
new material. The four basic processes are taught and reviewed, as well as multiplying and
dividing by two-digit numbers, estimation, square measures, writing decimals as fractions,
and simple geometry. A major emphasis is on working with proper and improper fractions;
adding, subtracting, and multiplying fractions; and finding the least common denominator.
Students will continue to solve multi-step word problems which encourage the application
of concepts being learned.
Evaluation
•• Biweekly quizzes (16)
•• Biweekly tests (17)
•• Daily skills development
exercises (136)
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Numbers
Subtraction
•• Place value:
•• Subtraction families 1–18: mixed order
•• Timed mastery
•• Missing sign
hhWhole
numbers to the 100 millions’ place
to the thousandths’ place
hh Writing numbers from dictation to the 100 millions’ place
•• Roman numerals:
•• Value of I, V, X, L, C, D, M
•• Basic rules for Roman numerals
hhMore complex rules for forming Roman numerals
•• Number sentences:
•• With unknowns
•• Order of operations (parentheses)
•• Even/odd numbers
hh Estimating: product, quotient, d
­ ivisor
hhDecimals
hh Mental
arithmetic: problems combining subtraction, addition,
multiplication, and division up to 7 numbers
•• Word problems
•• Terms: minuend, subtrahend, difference
•• Borrowing from a whole number or zero in any position
•• Money and measures
•• Number sentences: with unknowns, order of operations
•• Checking by addition
•• Fractions:
•• With common denominators
hhWith uncommon denominators
hh Decimals
Addition
•• Addition families 1–18: mixed order
•• Timed mastery
•• Terms: addend, sum
•• Missing sign
•• Word problems
•• Money
Multiplication
•• Multiplication facts: 0–12 tables
•• Word problems
•• Timed mastery
•• Terms: factor, product, p
­ artial product
•• Missing sign
hh Mental
arithmetic: problems combining addition, subtraction,
multiplication, and division up to 7 numbers
•• Carrying to any position
•• Checking by addition
•• Addends: column addition
•• Averaging
•• Fractions:
•• With common denominators
hhWith uncommon denominators
•• Measures
hh Decimals
hh Mental
arithmetic: problems combining m
­ ultiplication,
division, addition and subtraction up to 7 numbers
•• Multiplying with:
•• 1 or 2 digits
hh3 digits
•• Carrying
•• Checking by reversing factors
•• Number sentences: with unknowns, order of operations (parentheses)
•• Money
60
Arithmetic cont. p. 61
Fourth Grade
Arithmetic cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Multiplication cont.
hh Reading
and writing: writing a decimal as a fraction
value to the tenths’, hundredths’, thousandths’ places
hh Addition and subtraction
hh Place
hh Factors:
hhFactoring
hhFinding
common factors and greatest common factor
Problem Solving & Applications
hh Fractions:
•• Word Problems:
•• Steps of problem-solving process
•• Addition, subtraction
•• Multiplication, division
•• Fractions, money, measures
•• Finding averages
hhUsing
cancellation
hhMultiplying fractions with whole and mixed numbers
hh Estimation of product
Division
•• Division facts: 1–12 tables
•• Word problems
•• Steps of division
•• Terms: dividend, divisor, quotient
•• Missing sign
•• Timed mastery
hhDecimals
hhGeometry:
hh Mental
arithmetic: problems combining division, multiplication,
addition, and subtraction up to 7 numbers
•• Divisor: 1 and 2 digits
•• Dividends: 2 and 3 digits or more
•• Remainders written as a fraction
•• Checking by multiplication
•• Money
•• Averaging
•• Number sentences: with unknowns; order of operations (parentheses)
hh Estimating quotients, divisors
hh Divisibility rules for dividing by 2, 3, 4, 5, 9, 10
hhEstimating
answers
for broader and deeper understanding of concepts:
fractions, length, weight, graphs, ­geometry
hh Applications
Time
•• Table of time:
•• Second, minute, hour, day
•• Week, year, leap year
hh Decade,
score, century, millennium
Money
•• Know values of all coins
•• Recognize symbols: $ (dollar sign) and . (decimal point)
•• Money problems with mixed operations
•• Making change
Fractions
•• Parts of a whole or group
•• Word problems
•• Timed mastery
•• Terms: numerator, denominator
•• Number words
•• Reading and writing fractions
•• Number line
•• Types:
hh Counting
back change
Measures
•• Temperature:
•• Reading and writing
•• Terms: degrees
•• Celsius and Fahrenheit:
hhProper,
mixed, improper
as whole or mixed number
•• Reducing:
hhFinding least common ­denom­inator
hhAnswers to lowest terms using greatest common factor
•• Addition:
•• With common denomi­nators
hhWith uncommon denomi­nators
•• Subtraction:
hhWith common and uncommon denomi­nators
hhWith borrowing
hh Multiplication:
hhUsing cancellation
hhWith whole or mixed numbers
•• Equivalent fractions
hhDetermining
hhWrite
if a Celsius temperature is cold or hot
•• Freezing and boiling points of water
•• Normal body temperature
•• Length:
•• English: inch, foot, yard, mile
•• Metric:
hhMillimeter
•• Centimeter
hhDecimeter
•• Meter
hhDecameter,
hectometer, k­ ilometer
•• Weight:
•• English: ounce, pound, ton
•• Metric:
hhMilligram,
Decimals
centigram
hhDecigram
•• Gram
•• Money
hh Decimal
area, perimeter
•• Graphs, clue words
•• 1, 2, and 3 steps
•• Mixed operations
hhDecagram,
point
•• Kilogram
61
hectogram
Arithmetic cont. p. 62
Fourth Grade
Arithmetic cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Measures cont.
Geometry
•• Plane figures:
•• Capacity:
•• English:
hhSimple
closed curve, ­polygon
•• Quadrilateral: parallelogram, rectangle, square, rhombus, trapezoid
•• Triangle
hhFluid
ounce
•• Cup, pint, quart, gallon
•• Peck, bushel
hhTeaspoon, tablespoon
•• Metric:
hhMilliliter, centiliter, deciliter
•• Liter
hhDecaliter, hectoliter, kiloliter
•• Ordering measures least to greatest
•• Converting from one m
­ easure to another within same system
•• Subtracting unlike measures within same system
hh Square measures: square inches, feet, and yards
hh Metric prefixes: milli-, centi-, deci-, deca-, hecto-, kilohh Timed mastery
•• Angles:
•• Right
hhCongruent
hh Lines:
hhLine
segment, line, ray
lines
hh Terms: point, perpendicular, parallel
hh Perimeter of a polygon: formulas for rectangle, square
hh Recognize models and symbols:
hh• (point); — (line segment)
hh<
­ > (line); —> (ray)
—
hh< (angle)
hhConcept of area: finding area of rectangle, square
hhIntersecting
Graphing, Statistics, Probability
Pre-Algebra
•• Statistics: averaging
•• Graphs:
•• Pictographs, bar graphs, scale drawings, line graphs
•• Finding the unknown number in an equation
hhReading
hh Finding
and completing
distance on scale drawings
History & Geography
4
4
in Christian Perspective
Fourth Edition
The History of Our United States is a high-interest, inspiring, narrative approach to American history.
The lively writing style and outstanding visual features make the student’s first formal study of United
States history a positive, enjoyable experience. As they learn how the United States of America
came to be a nation, who its famous people have been, and what important events have taken place
in its history, students learn to love, respect, defend, and protect their native land. Through this
study of American history, students are given ideals to reach for and aspirations to follow.
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HISTORY SERIES
Added Enrichment
•• Chapters include:
•• Important new words, names, places,
and dates
•• Maps (14) and time lines (9) of impor-
tant dates of events
•• Comprehension checks (53)
•• Chapter checkups (18)
•• Special feature boxes with in-depth
study (15):
•• Important U.S. leaders, inventors, and
missionaries
•• Interesting facts of the events in U.S. history
•• My State Notebook for individual state study
•• Map Study Skills worksheets (47)
Evaluation
•• Printed quizzes (29)
•• Homework quizzes (4)
•• Tests (10)
•• 9-weeks exam (4)
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Years of exploration:
U.S. History Study
hhSpain:
•• Years of discovery:
hhEurope
hhNorth
conquest of Mexico, De Soto discovers Mississippi
Cartier explores New World, first French settlement in New
hhFrance:
explores New World
America claimed for England
World
hhEngland:
62
Drake the Dragon, “sea dogs”
History & Geography cont. p. 63
Fourth Grade
History & Geography cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
U.S. History Study cont.
hhThe
American colonies fight for independence:
Continental Congress: decision to write Declaration of
­Independence
hhBattle of Bunker Hill
hhEthan Allen, Green Mountain Boys, Hessians
•• Declaration of Independence is written:
•• Thomas Jefferson
hhJohn Hancock: President of Second Continental Congress
•• The war continues:
•• General George Washington: became commander in chief of colonial
army
hhNathan Hale, Betsy Ross
hhAmerica wins its freedom:
hhBattle of Saratoga
hhValley Forge
hhJohn Paul Jones, Lord C
­ ornwallis
•• Yorktown
hhTreaty of Paris
•• Building a new nation:
•• Articles of Confederation
•• Constitutional Convention
•• Constitution of the United States
hhCongress, Supreme Court
hhBill of Rights, republic
•• George Washington
•• Washington, D.C.:
hhBenjamin Banneker
•• Our nation grows:
•• America pushes farther west:
•• Daniel Boone, Wilderness Road, Kentucky
hhNorthwest Territory
hhLand Ordinance of 1785
hhNorthwest Ordinance of 1787
hhUnited States doubles its size—Louisiana Purchase:
hhCaptain Meriwether Lewis, Captain William Clark
hhWar of 1812:
hhNapoleon Bonaparte
•• Francis Scott Key
•• Fort McHenry
•• “The Star-Spangled Banner”
hhThe purchase of Florida: James Monroe
hhThe Second Great Awakening:
hhFrancis Asbury
hhCircuit-riding p
­ reachers; Peter Cartwright
hhThe U.S. gains the Southwest:
hhAlamo, Santa Anna
hhDavy Crockett, General Sam Houston
hhWar with Mexico, Mexican Cession, Gadsden Purchase
hhThe great Gold Rush to California: John Sutter, “forty-niners,”
­statehood
hhOregon Territory: Oregon Trail, Marcus and Narcissa Whitman
•• New schools and schoolbooks:
•• Noah Webster
hhWilliam H. McGuffey
hhSecond
•• First Americans:
hhDifferences
in American Indian homes, transportation, games
to American Indians: John Eliot, Roger Williams, John
hhMissionaries
Wesley
hhSequoya,
Jim Thorpe
hhRoanoke,
the lost colony
•• English come to America:
•• Jamestown: first lasting colony
•• The Pilgrims: lovers of religious freedom
•• New England Colonies:
hhMassachusetts
Bay Colony: Puritans, religious freedom for some
Island: religious freedom for all
hhNew Hampshire: John Mason
hhConnecticut: Thomas Hooker, Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
•• Middle and Southern Colonies:
•• Who settled them:
hhNew York: Dutch, French, British
hhDelaware: Dutch, Swedish, English
hhNew Jersey: Dutch, English
•• Pennsylvania:
hhSwedish
•• Quakers, William Penn
•• Virginia:
•• English
hhHouse of ­Burgesses, elected representatives
hhMaryland: Catholic, religious freedom
hhThe Carolinas: England, Charles Towne, plantations
hhGeorgia: English, James Oglethorpe
•• Colonial life:
hhHome: house-raising, homespun clothes
hhCommunication: town criers, circuit-riding preachers
•• Education:
•• Hornbook, New England Primer
hhDame school, old-field schools, Harvard
•• The Great Awakening:
hhRevival, Jonathan Edwards, John Wesley, George Whitefield, David
Brainerd
•• French & Indian War:
•• George Washington: officer in colonial army
hhGeneral Edward Braddock: commander of English army
hhNew France: land French claimed in New World
•• American War for Independence:
hhColonists demand their rights as Englishmen:
hhStamp Act, King George III
hhRepresentatives, taxes
hhBoston Massacre, Boston Tea Party
hhThe war begins:
hhFirst Continental Congress: decision to boycott English goods
hh“Minutemen”
•• Paul Revere
hhPatrick Henry, patriots, Loyalists, Tories
hhLexington, Concord
hhRhode
63
History & Geography cont. p. 64
Fourth Grade
History & Geography cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Time for freedom and responsibility:
•• Freedom and opportunity for all Americans:
U.S. History Study cont.
•• The Civil War:
•• Before the war:
•• North and South differ on slavery
•• Abraham Lincoln: President of Union
hhBrown
v. Board of Education
•• Martin Luther King, Jr.
hhCivil
Rights Act of 1964
America’s freedoms: Dwight D. Eisenhower, Interstate
Highway System, beginning space program
hhPreserving freedom: Cold War, John F. Kennedy, Lyndon B. Johnson,
Vietnam War, Richard Nixon
hhReturn to patriotism and family values: Ronald Reagan, Reagan
Doctrine, Grenada
hhSupreme Court’s influence: Sandra Day O’Connor; Clarence Thomas;
John G. Roberts, Jr.
hhTimes of testing:
hhSaddam Hussein, Iraq, Kuwait
hhPresident George Bush, Operation Desert Storm, Bill Clinton
hhTerrorism, Osama bin Laden, “War on Terror”
hhOperation Iraqi Freedom
hhHurricane Katrina
Jefferson Davis: President of Confederate States
hhEli Whitney and cotton gin
hhFree states, slave states
hhMissouri Compromise
•• Civil War:
hhFort Sumter, blockade
hhMerrimac and Monitor
hhEmancipation Proclamation
•• Ulysses S. Grant, Robert E. Lee
hhBattle of Gettysburg, Gettysburg Address
•• Appomattox Court House, Virginia
•• After the war:
•• John Wilkes Booth: shot President Lincoln
hhAndrew Johnson: President after Lincoln died
•• New frontiers:
•• Rebuilding the South: Booker T. Washington, Tuskegee Institute,
George Washington Carver
•• The last frontier:
•• Cowboys, Indians, farmers, reservations
hhTranscontinental railroad, Union Pacific Company, C
­ entral
Pacific Company
hhPromontory Point, Utah, Homestead Act, Oklahoma Land Rush
hhCyrus McCormick
•• Age of progress:
•• A growing nation: immigrants
•• Spreading the Gospel:
•• Billy Sunday
hhCharles Finney, Dwight L. Moody, Adoniram Judson
hhSteel and oil (ingredients for success): Andrew Carnegie, Sir
Henry Bessemer, John D. Rockefeller, Standard Oil
•• Inventions (new ways to do things):
•• Pony Express
hhSteamboat, telegraph, Morse code, telephone
hhThomas Edison
hhAssembly line
hhOrville and Wilbur Wright
•• Beyond our boundaries:
hhAlaska: Russian America, William H. Seward, territory, gold
hhHawaii: Captain James Cook
hhSpanish-American War: Cuba, Theodore Roosevelt, Rough
Riders, San Juan Hill, Guam, Puerto Rico
hhPanama Canal: Isthmus of Panama
•• The World Wars:
hhWorld War I (1914–1918):
hhAllied Powers, Central Powers, neutral nations
hhArchduke Ferdinand, President Woodrow Wilson
hhGerman U-Boats, Lusitania, Zimmermann Note
hhLeague of Nations
hhBetween the World Wars: Roaring Twenties, Great Depression,
­dictators arise
hh World War II (1939–1945): Poland, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Axis Powers,
Allies, Pearl Harbor, V-E Day, atomic bomb, concentration camps
hhContinuing World Problems: United Nations, Harry S. Truman,
­Communism, Berlin Wall, Korean War
hhEnjoying
Memory Work
hh 6
documents:
American’s Creed
hhPortion of The Declaration of Independence
hhPreamble to the Constitution
hhFirst Amendment to the ­Constitution
hhThe Rights of Americans
hhLincoln’s Gettysburg Address
•• States
hh Capitals
hh 44 U.S. Presidents
hhThe
State History Study
hh 6
weeks of lessons including the following information:
and physical maps, flower, motto, bird, song, tree, flag,
­nickname, time line, early settlement,
hhHistorical figures, landmarks, government, regions, weather,
­industries, state capital, my city, citizens, my county, wildlife, plant
life, sports, vacation spots
hhPolitical
Geography Study
•• Globes, maps, map key, map grid, distance scale, compass rose
•• Cardinal and intermediate directions
•• Western and Eastern Hemispheres
•• Continents and oceans
•• Equator
•• North America:
•• Great Lakes
hhSeas,
bays, gulfs, rivers
hhCountries
•• Mountains
hh Geographical
terms: source and mouth of river, delta, channel, canal,
desert, oasis, downstream, upstream, sea level, altitude, mountain,
valley
hh Atlas, physical and political maps
•• U.S. maps:
•• States
hhCapitals
hh13 original colonies; U.S. expansion
64
Fourth Grade
Science
 RED indicates NEW MATERIAL
Additional Helps
Understanding God’s World fascinates elementary students from the very beginning by
presenting things that they can see, observe, and understand in the world around them.
They learn how to make an insect zoo, how to recognize the plants they see every day,
how to attract birds to their own backyard, how to use field guides, how to interpret
cloud formations, and how to identify rocks. Students learn to appreciate many aspects
of God’s creative genius by studying the miracle of plant germination, the causes of
weather, the God-given provisions for life on earth, the design of the starry heavens,
and the ecology of the ocean depths.
4
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Science: Let’s Find Out
trees and palms: deciduous, state trees
parts of a flower (sepals, petals, stamens, pistils), pollinators,
weeds, daisy (composite) family flowers
hh Seed design: embryo, cotyledon
•• Traveling seeds: air, wind, water, animals, people
•• Germination: water, oxygen, right temperature
hh Poisonous plants
•• Plants: helpful and beautiful
hh George Washington Carver: the plant doctor
Activities & Demonstrations:
•• Observing three parts of a seed in lima beans; observing g
­ ermination
about science: what a scientist is, what scientists do
how to observe:
hhObserving North American birds and flowers:
hhState bird project: 25 birds memorized
hhCanadian floral emblems project:
hh13 provincial floral emblems memorized
Insects
•• Ten million designs:
•• Characteristics:
•• Invertebrate (has an exoskeleton)
•• Three body parts: head, thorax, abdomen
Birds
•• Birds in your backyard
•• Recognizing birds: appearance, behavior, habitat
hhOvipositor
•• Breathing tubes; spiracles
•• Insect zoo:
•• Making a zoo
hh Feeding
birds: how, what, when
birdbaths and birdhouses
hh Birds of the forest
•• Designer birds: various beaks and feet
•• Designed for flight:
hhBones and feather structure; lift
hhSeeing, hearing
hh Jack Miner Bird Sanctuary
Activities & Demonstrations:
hhObserving lift
hhMaking a birdbath
hhBuilding a bird feeder and birdhouse
hh Making
butterflies from moths
•• Insect life cycles:
•• Complete metamorphosis
of biogenesis
•• Designer heads:
hhAntennae
with sensilla
•• Compound and simple eyes
hhMouth
parts
•• Designed for motion:
•• Legs
hhTypes
of wings
hhMigration
Matter: Water, Air, & Weather
hh Crickets
and grasshoppers: incomplete metamorphosis, differences
hh Insects’ defense: fighting, chemical warfare, scare tactics, disguises
hh Insects communicate: sight, smell, dancing, touch, sound
hh Where insects live: trees, bushes, soil, wood, water
hh Dwellings of social insects: nests, hives, mounds
hh Jean Henri Fabre: explorer of backyard wonders
Activities & Demonstrations:
•• Observing insect life
•• Growing plants from seeds
•• Making an insect zoo
hh God’s
gift of water (clouds): cirrus, cumulus, stratus
for life:
hhWater is matter:
hhMolecules and atoms, hydrogen and oxygen
•• Three states of water: water, steam, ice
•• Water changes state
•• Water’s energy:
•• Energy and force defined
hhPotential energy, moving energy
•• The atmosphere (an ocean of air):
•• Gases: oxygen, carbon dioxide, nitrogen
•• Layers of air
hh Air’s weight and pressure
•• Wind (moving air):
•• Temperature
hhPressure, energy
hh Water
Plants
•• Designed to produce:
•• Food (photosynthesis), better air
hhBetter
•• Printed quizzes (23)
•• Homework quizzes (3)
•• Chapter tests (6)
•• 9-weeks exam (3)
hh Flowers:
hh Learning
hhLaw
Evaluation
hh Broadleaf
hh Learning
hhDistinguishing
•• Additional activities (5)
•• CD with 10 related nature stories
•• Suggested DVDs (5)
•• Worksheets in Activity Book (44)
soil
trees: evergreen, conifers
hh Needleleaf
65
Science cont. p. 66
Fourth Grade
Science cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Matter: Water, Air, & Weather cont.
hh The
hhDew,
hhConservation
frost
hhWater
•• Kinds of precipitation
types and combination types of clouds
forecasting: meteorologist, predicting weather
hh Robert Boyle: father of chemistry
Activities & Demonstrations:
•• Observing:
hhSurface tension and dissolving substances
hhHow a water wheel works
hhThe weight of air
hhAir pressure
hhThe power of moving air
•• Evaporation
•• Condensation
hhMaking a water wheel
hh Rocks: igneous, sedimentary, metamorphic
Activities & Demonstrations:
hhMeasuring the earth
hhLooking at the cause of day and night
hhLearning why winter is cold
hhMaking crystals, a compass, a rock collection
hh Weather
Oceanography
•• Paths of the sea:
hhMatthew
F. Maury: paths of the sea
hhOceanography
hh Continental
shelf and slope: Mariana Trench, fish of the continental
shelf
hh Ocean floor and open ocean: oceanic ridges, seamounts, fish of the
depths, upper-level fish
hh Methods and equipment for exploring the sea: aqualung, submersible,
undersea labs
hh The sandy sea: where sand comes from
hh Salt and waves: properties and benefits of salt water
hh Giants of the sea:
hhMarine mammals: baleen whales, toothed whales
hh Three invertebrates: octopuses, squid, jellyfish
Activities & Demonstrations:
hhMaking currents
hhObserving water pressure
hhSeeing the difference in the density of salt water and fresh water
hhObserving how salt water freezes at lower temperatures
hhLearning about jet propulsion
Energy: Sound & Hearing
•• Sounds all around us:
•• Vibrations, sound waves
hhSpeed
of sound
sound: larynx, vocal cords
•• Receiving sound:
•• Parts of the ear
hhHearing aids, animal ears
hh High and low sounds: frequency
hh Sounds that bounce back: echoes, ultrasound, sonar
hh Preserving sound: phonograph, stereo
hh Alexander Graham Bell: ­inventor of the telephone
Activities & Demonstrations:
hhObserving:
hhHow sound travels
hhSound vibrations
hhDemonstrating:
hhFrequency
hhHigh and low sounds
hhObserving how energy bounces
hhHearing the difference in sound
hhLearning some of the signs in the American manual alphabet
hhMaking a tin-can telephone
hh Making
Astronomy
hh Wonders
of the night sky: our galaxy, our solar system, planet names
•• Seasons, days, and years:
hhWeeks;
astronomy, astrology
in the sky: constellations
•• The sun (the greater light):
hhDistance from the earth
hhSun’s energy and gravity
•• The moon (the lesser light):
hhOur nearest neighbor
hhApollo 11
hhA natural satellite
hhA reflector
•• The origin of the universe:
hhCan’t be proved by science
•• God created
hhExplained in the Bible; we accept by faith
Activities & Demonstrations:
hhShowing how sunlight affects starlight in the daytime
hhShowing how light is absorbed and reflected
hhMaking a star viewer
hh Pictures
Geology
•• Our home, the earth:
hemispheres
•• North Pole, South Pole, equator
•• Earth’s motion:
hhEarth
as a builder
hhFloods
hh Clouds:
hhSphere,
earth’s crust
•• Water and soil:
•• Erosion
•• Water in air: water cycle
•• Condensation and precipitation:
rotates, revolves
•• Seasons
•• Oceans and continents:
•• Facts about oceans and continents
hhEarth,
a magnet
ingredients:
hhHumus
•• Minerals
•• Layers of soil: topsoil, subsoil
hh Soil’s
66
Fourth Grade
Health
4
Additional Helps
4
Developing Good Health
Third Edition
Developing Good Health begins with a unit on physical fitness and emphasizes the
skeletal, muscular, and respiratory systems. Practical instruction regarding personal
hygiene follows a study of the teeth and skin. A chapter on interpersonal relationships teaches students how to have a right relationship with God and with others,
stressing the necessity of maintaining close family relationships and the importance
of choosing the right friends.
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 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Physical Fitness
•• Chapter content review sheets (2)
•• Anatomy worksheets (5)
•• Physical fitness exercises (11)
•• Demonstration to illustrate how acid
attacks teeth
•• Review games (5)
Evaluation
•• Printed quizzes (9)
•• Homework quizzes (2)
•• Tests (3)
Personal Hygiene
•• Skeletal system:
•• Identify:
•• Teeth:
hhFunction:
hhBones,
ligaments
hhHinge, ball-and-socket, pivot joints
hhCranium, carpals, metacarpals
•• Build strong bones: nutrients
•• Correct posture:
•• Sitting, standing
hhWalking: roll heel to toe
•• Bending, lifting
•• Muscular system:
hhIdentify skeletal muscles:
hhFrontalis, masseters, trapezius, quadriceps, hamstrings
•• Biceps, triceps, trapezius, abdominal muscles
hhSkeletal muscles: work in pairs
•• Muscles: work by pulling only
•• Involuntary muscles: cardiac muscle
•• Exercise:
•• Benefits of endurance exercises
hhTerms: cramp, strain, aerobic, muscle tone
hhCalisthenics
hhIsometric exercises
hh Respiratory system:
hhProcess of external respiration:
hhOxygen and carbon dioxide
hhNose:
hhFunctions as an air conditioner
hhMucus membrane, sinuses, cilia, sinusitis
hhFight infection: adenoids, tonsils
hh Identify parts of the respiratory system:
hhPharynx, epiglottis, trachea, larynx
hhBronchi, bronchial tubes, bronchioles, alveoli
hhDiaphragm
hh Lung cancer
hh Aerobic exercise: benefits, requirements, good sportsmanship,
­preventing injuries
hhAppearance,
speech
saliva
hh Structure of a tooth: enamel, dentin, pulp, cementum, periodontal
membrane
•• Plaque control:
•• Acid
hhDental caries; forms of sugar
•• Keep teeth strong and healthy:
•• Brushing, fluoride toothpaste, flossing
hhResults of poor oral hygiene: halitosis, calculus, periodontal ­disease,
malocclusion
hh Treatment of injured teeth
hhDigestion:
Body’s Cover
•• Three layers of skin:
•• Epidermis: callus, pigments, melanin, ultraviolet rays, ­albinos
•• Dermis: sebaceous glands, sebum, sweat glands
hhSubcutaneous
layer
of infection
hh Structure of hair: hair follicles
hh Burns and how to treat them
hh Functions of the skin:
hhControlling temperature
hhKeeping out bacteria
hhProducing vitamin D
hhGathering information
hh Proper skin care: nutrition, rest, exercise, water, sunscreen
hh Signs
Keys to Good Grooming
•• Good hygiene for the skin:
hhCare
for fingernails and toenails
•• Clean clothes and appropriate dress
•• Keeping the home clean
Right Relationships
•• Receiving everlasting life
•• Having healthy relationships with God and others
67
Fourth Grade
Bible
Later
Ministry of
Life of Christ • Series 4
Jesus

Flash-a-Card

®
7 Lessons • 37 Cards
1 Jesus Stills the Storm
2 Transfiguration
3 Jesus and the Lepers
4 Lazarus and the Rich Man
5 Rich Young Ruler
6 Zacchaeus
7 Friends at Bethany
Lesson Guides Included
Jesus Stills the Storm
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Zacchaeus
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Using the foundation that has been laid from preschool to third grade, fourth graders review
the stories of Jesus’ birth; Jesus’ miracles; and His death, burial, and resurrection that provide
every individual an opportunity to accept the free gift of salvation. Not only will students attain
knowledge of Christ’s earthly ministry, but they will also learn about Joshua and Ruth’s faith and
God’s abundant blessing in their lives. Among the many Bible stories taught in fourth grade are
those about the apostle Paul’s life. Students will not only learn about the successes and oppositions Paul experienced on his three missionary journeys, but they will also be amazed by the many
miracles God performed on Paul’s behalf.
Evaluation
•• Graded memory
verse passages (8)
•• Content tests (5)
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Lessons
Memory Work
405 A Beka Flash-a-Cards
•• Salvation Series (5 lessons)
•• Genesis Series (21): Creation, Adam, Cain; Enoch, Noah, Babel; Abra-
hh New
ham and Isaac; Jacob; Joseph
hh Books
•• The First Thanksgiving
•• Life of Christ Series (36): First Christmas; Boyhood and Early Ministry
60 questions/answers
•• Increase Bible knowledge of basic doctrines: the Bible, God, sin, salva-
tion, heaven, assurance of salvation
questions with verses to ­memorize as answers
hh 8
Prayer Time
36 songs
•• Learn to pray with thanks­giving for each other, our nation, those in
•• Choruses, hymns of the faith, holiday songs, patriotic songs including:
hh12
of the Bible, sword drills
Doctrinal Drill
of Jesus; Jesus Heals and Helps; Later Ministry of Jesus; Crucifixion
and Resurrection
•• Life of Paul Series 1 and 2 (14)
Music
passages (11) containing 68 verses
•• Review verses (74)
authority over us
new hymns and songs; 11 new choruses
Sword Drills
hh 110
Old and New Testament references to find
Music
American music reflects the spirit and strength of its people, telling the history of our country’s
struggle for independence, growth, and expansion. America’s rich, colorful legacy is essential to a
child’s education. Songs We Enjoy 4 brings together traditional, patriotic, holiday, and fun selections that students have enjoyed singing for generations. The sing-along CD makes song time
enjoyable for the students and easy for the teacher.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Echo sing parts
•• Use dynamic contrast in music
•• Improve coordination skills through motion songs
Skills Development 6 6 songs
•• Follow a song leader while singing with class or CD
hh Define
•• Aid in understanding a song’s message
and explain 22 unfamiliar words and phrases in lyrics
hh Learn
hh Count
a steady rhythm in songs
Variety of Songs to Memorize
•• Enunciate silly words
hh Sing
historical facts through patriotic, folk, and Americana music
•• Folk, fun, patriotic, spirituals and hymns, holiday, ­Americana, songs
a two-part canon and rounds of 3 or more parts
at sea
68
Fourth Grade
Arts & Crafts
In Art A, students are introduced to the fundamental principles of color and perspective. These concepts are introduced and practiced using basic drawing, coloring, and painting techniques with colored
pencils and watercolors. A decorative calendar begins each monthly selection, and suggestions for interesting variations and further practice stimulate creativity. This art book has been carefully organized
and illustrated so that students may work in them independently or as a class.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Concept Development
Technique Development
39 projects
•• Drawing: template, freehand, animation (8)
•• Modeling (7)
•• Primary and secondary colors (14)
hh Intermediate
colors (4)
•• Complementary colors (6)
hh Painting:
wash (2)
•• Texture, weaving (4)
•• Paper curling, folding, and shaping (6)
hh Neutral
and analogous colors (5)
•• Colors of spectrum (3); color wheel (10)
•• Perspective (3)
hh Duplicating
hh Proportion
(1)
(2)
•• Motion lines (2)
•• Translucent and cut-paper sculpture (3)
•• Lettering (13)
69
Fifth Grade
Language Arts: Reading
5a
BEYOND THE HORIZON
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Fifth graders will travel to other lands, other times, or just around the block while reading the characterbuilding stories in their three readers. While reading classic stories of foreign lands, other time periods,
great achievers, inventors, and men and women who made America great, young readers are introduced
to a variety of literature and provided with a rich literary heritage.
5a
Reader
E



Literary Value
Materials
•• 125 authors, including well-known writ-
•• Readers (3) containing:
•• Weekly oral reading grade
•• Short stories (97)
•• Speed and comprehension quizzes (73)
•• Poems (62), plays (2), songs (4)
for timed silent reading exercises and
stories
•• Scripture selections (4)
•• Weekly vocabulary comprehension
•• Christian fiction novel (1)
quizzes (33)
•• Biographical novel (1)
•• Speed and comprehension readers (2):
•• Read & Comprehend 5 Skill Sheets (42)
•• Adventures in Nature exercises (31)
ers such as Louisa May Alcott, Frances
Hodgson Burnett, Beverly Cleary,
Rudyard Kipling, and Mark Twain
•• Character-building themes such as
bravery, charity, compassion, contentment, determination, duty, faith,
teamwork, and forgiveness
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A Christian fiction novel and a biographical novel will be used for language book reports. Two speed and
comprehension readers will whet students’ appetites for a wider range of reading, while they challenge
each student to learn how to read quickly for information, with a strong emphasis on comprehension.
13498804
Evaluation
Comprehension, Discussion, & Analysis
Skills Development
Reading Skills Development
•• Strive for increased:
•• Accuracy, fluency, phrasing
•• Good expression, comprehension
•• Improvement of flow
•• Ability to follow along and comprehend as others read orally
•• Vocabulary development through words and definitions included in
•• Answer factual and interpretive questions for most stories and poems
•• Answer inferential comprehension and discussion questions
•• Improve ability to use deductive reasoning, understand cause and
effect, and draw conclusions
•• Determine main characters, theme, climax, and turning point
readers
•• Pace and comprehension while reading silently
•• Ability to read poetry correctly
Language Arts: Language
5
As well as providing a thorough review of capitalization, punctuation, and the parts of speech, God’s
Gift of Language B deepens students’ knowledge of grammar and increases their writing skills. Students will be introduced to the four main types of complements and to additional rules for punctuation. They will learn how to diagram prepositional phrases and complements. Students’ writing skills
will improve as they learn how to write effective topic sentences and paragraphs and how to use
transitional words. Skills learned in outlining, note taking, and preparing a bibliography will aid fifth
graders in writing an encyclopedia report and a library research report.
5
Third Edition
Writing & Grammar
Work-text
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LANGUAGE SERIES
Evaluation
•• Quizzes from quiz/test book (12)
•• Exercises from student book
(9; each counts as a quiz grade)
•• Tests from quiz/test book (11)
•• Encyclopedia report (counts as test grade)
•• Library research report (counts as 2 test grades)
•• 7 graded book reports:
•• Short format (2; each counts as 2 quiz grades)
•• Long format (3; each counts as test grade)
•• Oral (2; each counts as test grade)
70
Language cont. p. 71
Fifth Grade
Language cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• The sentence:
•• Know definitions of sentence, subject, predicate
•• Find subjects and verbs: compound, simple
•• Indentify four types of sentences: declarative, imperative,
Grammar
•• Capitalization:
•• First word in every line of poetry, every sentence, and direct quota-
tions
­interrogative, exclamatory
•• Pronoun I
•• Proper nouns:
•• Names, initials
•• Recognize simple and compound sentences
hhDiagram
compound sentences
•• Correct run-on sentences and fragments
hhNationalities,
races, religions
•• Days, holidays, months
hhHistorical events or periods, organizations, businesses, ships,
awards
•• Other particular nouns
•• Geographical locations: streets, cities, states; regions of the
­country or world; countries, continents
•• Geographical features
hhRecreational areas, planets
hhProper adjectives
•• First and last words and all important words in the following titles:
•• Books, magazines, poems, and stories
hhPlays, paintings, and other works of art
•• Title of person before a name
hhTitles used instead of a name in direct address
•• Nouns referring to the Bible; nouns and pronouns referring to God
•• Punctuation:
•• End marks
•• Commas:
•• To separate three or more items in a series
hhTo separate two or more adjectives before a noun
hhBefore coordinating conjunctions joining a compound sentence
•• To separate items in a date or address
•• After salutation of a friendly letter and closing of any letter
•• After well, yes, no, and why at beginning of sentence
•• To set off words of direct address, direct quotation
•• Apostrophes:
•• To form contractions and possessive words
hhTo form the plural of letters
•• Colons:
•• To write time
•• After salutation of business letters
•• In Scripture references
hhHyphens: to divide a word at end of line
hhSemicolons: to separate simple sentences not joined by conjunction
•• Underline:
•• Titles of books, newspapers, ships, plays, sculptures, paintings,
and other works of art
hhTitles of films, planes, trains
•• Quotation marks:
•• With direct quotations
•• With titles of short stories, poems, songs, chapters, articles, other
parts of books, magazines, and newspapers
hhIdentify
complements: direct objects, indirect objects, predicate
nominatives, predicate adjectives, objects of preposition
hhAvoid wordiness
hhFind the subject and verb:
hhInverted order (interrogative sentences)
hhThere and other words when beginning the sentence
•• Parts of speech:
•• Recognize and diagram all eight parts of speech:
•• Noun as subject
hhNoun as predicate nominative, direct object, indirect object, and
object of the preposition
•• Verb, pronoun, adjective, adverb
hhPreposition
•• Conjunction
hhInterjection
•• Verbs:
•• Action, state of being, helping
hhLinking
•• Verb phrase
hhPrinciple parts of verbs
•• Spelling rules for verb endings
hhIrregular forms of principle parts
•• Correct and effective verbs
hhCorrect use of troublesome verbs: burst, busted; attacked,
attackted; brought, brung; climbed, clumb; drowned, drownded;
ate, et; eaten, aten; grew, growed; sneaked, snuck; stole, stoled;
threw, throwed; thought, thunk
•• Nouns:
•• Common, proper, compound, plural
•• Nouns as antecedents, subjects
hhNouns as direct object, indirect object, predicate nominative,
object of preposition
•• Pronouns:
•• Personal pronouns (subject, object, possessive)
hhCompound, interrogative, demonstrative
hhSubject and verb agreement with pronouns
•• Adjectives:
•• Proper
hhAdjectives that look like verbs
•• Possessive nouns and pronouns as adjectives
hhPredicate adjectives
hhDistinction between adjectives modifying noun and a compound
noun
hhPositive, comparative, and superlative degrees
hhComparison of irregular adjectives
71
Language cont. p. 72
Fifth Grade
Language cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Grammar cont.
Composition
•• Adverbs:
•• Know adverbs modify verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs
•• Distinguish adjectives from adverbs
•• Use modifiers correctly
•• Use good and well correctly
•• Use adverbs and negatives correctly
hhCompare
hhWrite
a book report with character sketch using the Writing Process
•• Use a checklist for book reports
•• Write:
•• Friendly letters
•• Post cards
•• Thank-you notes
adverbs
hhParagraphs
•• Prepositions:
•• Prepositional phrase
•• Object of preposition
with a topic sentence
•• Paragraphs with unity
•• Write with details
hhWrite
dialogue
creative writing assignments including a poem, narrative,
biography, Bible story, dialogue, paragraphs, etc. (8)
hhMake topical and sentence outlines
•• Use the encyclopedia and Writing Process to write an encyclopedia
report: taking notes, writing a rough draft, rewriting
•• Use the Writing Process for a library research report:
hhMake a preliminary outline
hhTake notes
hhWrite bibliography cards
hhMake a final outline
hhWrite the rough draft, a second rough draft, and the final draft
hhAdjective
or adverb phrase
•• Preposition or adverb
hhDiagram prepositional phrases
•• Conjunctions: and, but, or, nor, for, yet
•• Interjections:
•• Punctuation
hhDiagram
•• Word study and diction:
•• Use the best words; use specific words
•• Understand synonyms, homonyms, and antonyms
•• Use the dictionary
hhUse the thesaurus
•• Correctly use:
•• Between, among; can, may; less, fewer
hhAmount, number
hhComplete
Language Arts: Penmanship
5
5
Penmanship Mastery II concentrates on what fifth graders need most—practice with
“trouble-maker” letters. Each week’s lessons provide practice with basic letter size
and formation, correct pen grip, slant, and overall neatness. Students are given the
opportunity to employ their skills through a variety of interesting activities such as
word studies and creative writing exercises. Each week, students will also complete a
creative writing assignment, including a biweekly journal entry.
Penmanship • Creative Writing
Penmanship MASTERY



´-R£!ߨ
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13509701

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Added Enrichment
•• Journal compilation (16)
•• Creative writing assignments (75)
Evaluation
•• Tests (34)
•• Progress report boxes (32)
•• Maintain correct letter formation, uniform slant and size, correct
Skills Development
spacing, letters that touch the line, and proper margins for success in
writing legibly
•• Use key strokes: slant, loops, tails, and humps
•• Evaluate writing for personal improvement
•• Copy most assignments from print to cursive
•• Be able to write sentences as dictated
•• Write topical journal entries
•• Maintain good writing position:
•• Sitting properly in desk
•• Holding pencil correctly
•• Slanting paper correctly
•• Write in ink with a relaxed grip and flowing movement
•• Use correct warm-up procedure with slants, ovals, basic letter strokes
•• Correctly write all upper- and lowercase letters and numbers 0–9
72
Penmanship cont. p. 73
Fifth Grade
Penmanship cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Copy assignments from print to cursive using language skills and sci-
Skills Development cont.
ence and geography facts
challenging and fun-filled assignments using poetry, word
puzzles, and jokes
•• Creative writing assignments:
•• Match words to definitions or abbreviations (18)
•• Write a paragraph or sentence on a particular topic (16)
•• Use words beginning with or containing a particular letter (8)
•• Write a poem, paragraph, or sentence with given words (8)
•• Classify words by syllables or alphabetical order (8)
•• Complete a given paragraph or sentence (6)
•• Correct word usage or spelling (5)
•• Create tongue twisters or limericks (3)
•• Form compound words from given parts or new words by adding
hhComplete
prefix or suffix (2)
•• Word search (1)
Language Arts: Spelling, Vocabulary, & Poetry
5
S pelling V ocabulary
&
P oetry
5
Fifth Edition

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´*B^!`¨


LANGUAGE SERIES

10346201
In order to achieve spelling mastery, students must learn how spelling “works.” Spelling, Vocabulary, &
Poetry 5 allows students to understand how spelling “works” by teaching them to examine words and
apply spelling and phonics rules. They will also learn the spelling and abbreviation for each book of the
Bible and the difference between pairs of words commonly used as synonyms, antonyms, or homonyms.
A variety of exercises allows fifth graders to recognize misspelled words, practice using spelling and
vocabulary words in sentences, and improve their proofreading skills. Students will enjoy memorizing
and reciting the six character-building poems that have been included in this text.
Added Enrichment
•• Spelling and vocabulary:
•• Spelling lists (34) including a review
list at the end of each 9 weeks:
•• Spelling words (725)
•• Vocabulary words (300)
•• Organized by topic (29)
•• Practice exercises (68) including cumulative review of vocabulary words and
definitions
Evaluation
•• Spelling games (19)
•• Spelling tests (34)
•• Poetry:
•• Pronunciation key
•• Poem introductions include: discussion
•• Spelling rules in text for quick ­reference
ideas, some historical content, and
information about the author
•• Teacher resources:
•• CD included to help with interpretation
•• Sentence bank
•• Vocabulary words and definitions with
•• Practical spelling tips and suggestions
each poem
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Learn background information on some spelling and vocabulary words
Spelling & Vocabulary Skills Development
hhLearn
the spelling and abbreviation for each book of the Bible
between pairs of words commonly used as synonyms,
antonyms, or homonyms
•• Learn spelling rules:
•• Use i before e, except after c, or when sounded like a
•• Double a final consonant before adding a suffix beginning with a vowel
•• Know when to change y to i when adding suffixes
•• Drop the silent e before adding a suffix beginning with a vowel
hhLearn:
hhExceptions to the final e rule
hhWords that follow no spelling pattern
hhHow to choose the correct ending for spelling words with soundalike suffixes
hhRules for standard plural nouns
hhCompound words and words with hyphens
hhMaster
spelling and vocabulary lists including:
hhVocabulary words and definitions
hhSynonyms and homonyms
hhAntonyms
•• Use vocabulary words in proper context
•• Memorize vocabulary definitions
•• Correctly write sentences dictated by teacher using vocabulary
words
•• Create good sentences using spelling and vocabulary words
•• Proofread for spelling errors: recognize misspelled words in pairs,
lists, and sentences
•• Apply spelling and phonics concepts through daily teacher-directed
oral practice and independent written practice
hhDistinguish
73
Spelling, Vocabulary, & Poetry cont. p. 74
Fifth Grade
Spelling, Vocabulary, & Poetry cont.
•• Learn definitions and use of unfamiliar words
•• Improve comprehension of emotion and content
•• Develop mental visualization of the poem
•• Discuss meaning and purpose of each poem
•• Use proper observation of punctuation
Poetry Skills Development
hhMemorize
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
5 lyrical poems and 1 hymn
•• Develop appreciation of poetry
•• Perform in front of an audience
•• Recite in unison
•• Develop appropriate expression and volume
Arithmetic
5
Work-text
´-S3!k¨
13511901
An information box, abundant practice of new and review concepts and facts, and
daily word problems are key features of Arithmetic 5. Problem-solving strategies
are scattered throughout the text to help students acquire the skills necessary to
be expert problem solvers. Emphasis is placed on topics such as whole numbers,
fractions, decimals, measurement and algebraic equations, and basic geometric
problems.
Fourth Edition




•• Checking by:
•• Addition
•• Place value:
hhCasting
numbers to the 100 billions’ place
out 9s
•• Addends: column addition
•• Averaging
•• Fractions with common and uncommon ­denominators
•• Measures
•• Decimals to the thousandths’ place
•• Counting sequences
hhWriting
•• Biweekly tests (17)
•• Biweekly quizzes (17)
•• Daily skills development exercises (135)
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Numbers
hhWhole
Evaluation
numbers from dictation to the 100 billions’ place
•• Roman numerals:
•• Value of I, V, X, L, C, D, M
•• Basic rules for Roman numerals
•• More complex rules for forming Roman numerals:
hhDecimals
with annexing zeros
Subtraction
hhSubtract
a numeral only from the next two greater numerals
hhTerms: notation, numeration
•• Comparing
•• Recognize symbols:
•• > (greater than); < (less than)
hh≠ (unequal)
hhRounding: whole numbers, money, deci­mals, timed mastery
•• Number sentences: greater or less than
•• Estimating:
hhSum, difference
•• Product, quotient
•• Subtraction families 1–18 in mixed order
•• Timed mastery
•• Missing sign
hhMental
arithmetic: problems combining subtraction, a­ ddition,
multiplication, and division up to 13 numbers
•• Word problems
•• Terms: minuend, subtrahend, difference
•• Borrowing from any position
•• Money
•• Checking by addition
•• Fractions with common and uncommon denominators
•• Measures
hhDecimals with annexing zeros
•• Number sentences: greater or less than
Addition
•• Addition families 1–18 in mixed order
•• Timed mastery
•• Terms: addend, sum
•• Missing sign
•• Word problems
•• Money
Multiplication
•• Multiplication facts: 0–12 tables
•• Word problems
•• Timed mastery
•• Terms: factors, product, partial products
•• Missing sign
hhMental
arithmetic: problems combining addition, subtraction,
multiplication, and division up to 13 numbers
•• Carrying to any position
hhMental
arithmetic: problems combining multiplication, division,
addition, and subtraction up to 13 numbers
74
Arithmetic cont. p. 75
Fifth Grade
Arithmetic cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Multiplication cont.
Fractions
•• Multiplying with up to 3-digit multiplier (factor)
•• Carrying
•• Parts of a whole or group
hhWord
problems: a broader and deeper understanding of concepts
by:
hhReversing factors
hhCasting out 9s
•• Money
•• Factors:
•• Factoring
•• Finding common and greatest common factor
•• Fractions:
•• Using cancellation
•• Multiplying:
•• Fractions with whole or mixed numbers
hhFractions with 2 mixed numbers
hhDecimals:
hhMultiplied by whole numbers
hhMultiplied by another decimal
hh Annexing zeros in multiplication
•• Number sentences: greater or less than
hhBy powers of ten
•• Timed mastery
•• Terms: numerator, denominator
•• Number words
•• Types:
•• Proper, mixed, improper
•• Change to mixed or whole number
•• Reducing:
•• Finding least common denominator
•• Answers reduced to lowest terms
•• Number line
•• Addition with common or uncommon denominators
•• Subtraction:
•• With common or uncommon denominators
•• With borrowing
•• Multiplication:
•• Using cancellation
•• Multiplying a fraction with a whole or mixed number
Division
hhDivision:
hhChecking
hhMultiplying
2 mixed numbers
•• Equivalent fractions
hhWhole
or mixed number by a fraction
by a fraction
hhFraction or a mixed number by a whole number
hhBy a mixed number
hhChanging fractions to decimals and decimals to ­fractions
•• Division facts: 1–12 tables
•• Word problems
•• Steps of division
•• Terms: dividend, divisor, quotient
•• Missing sign
•• Timed mastery
hhFraction
Decimals
hhMental
arithmetic: problems combining division, multiplication,
addition, and subtraction up to 13 numbers
•• Divisor:
•• 1 or 2 digits
hh3 digits
•• Dividends up to 6 digits
•• Remainders written as fractions
•• Checking by:
•• Multiplication
hhCasting out 9s
•• Money
•• Averaging
•• Estimating quotients
•• Divisibility rules:
•• Dividing by 2, 3, 4, 5, 9, 10
hhDividing by 6
hhDividing fractions:
hhWhole or mixed number by a fraction
hhFraction by a fraction
hhFraction or mixed number by a whole number
hhBy a mixed number
hhDecimals:
hhDividing a decimal by a whole number
hhEliminating the decimal point in the divisor
hhAnnexing zeros to avoid remainders
•• Number sentences: greater or less than
hhBy powers of ten
•• Money
•• Reading and writing:
hhWriting
fraction as a decimal
•• Writing decimal as a fraction
•• Place value to the thousandths’ place
hhAddition
and subtraction: annexing zeros
hhMultiplication:
hhBy
a whole number
another ­decimal
hhWhen zeros are annexed
hhDivision:
hhDividing a decimal by a whole number
hhEliminating the decimal point in the divisor
hhAnnexing zeros to avoid remainders
hhComparing and repeating decimals
hhRounding
hhTimed mastery
hhChanging decimals to fractions or fractions to decimals
hhBy
Problem Solving & Applications
•• Word problems:
•• Addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, fractions
•• Money, measures, a
­ verages, decimals
•• Geometry: area, perim­e­ter
•• Graphs
hhScale
75
drawings, temperature
Arithmetic cont. p. 76
Fifth Grade
Arithmetic cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Problem Solving & Applications cont.
Graphing, Statistics, Probability
•• Steps of problem-solving process:
•• Statistics: averaging
•• Scale drawing
•• Graphs:
hhProblems
requiring four steps
•• Mixed operations, estimating answers, eliminating unnecessary facts
hhWriting a number sentence, drawing a model of a problem, using a
schedule, estimating money amounts, guessing and checking, making
an organized list, reading a chart, using educated trial and error
•• Applications:
hhDeveloping a broader and deeper understanding of concepts:
hhMeasures, Roman numerals
hhFractions, money, decimals
hhGraphs, scale drawings
hhTempera­ture, geometry, place value
hhDrawing
hhColumn
graphs
title, labels, and scale
hhOrdered pairs
hhProbability ratio
hhIdentify
Geometry
•• Plane figures:
•• Simple closed figure, polygon
•• Quadrilateral: parallelogram, rectangle, square, rhombus, trapezoid
Time
•• Table of time: second, minute, hour; day, week, year, leap year;
hhPentagon,
decade, score, ­century, millennium
hhTriangle:
hexagon, heptagon, octagon
right, isosceles, equilateral
•• Angles:
•• Right, congruent
Money
hhAcute,
•• Addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division with $
obtuse, straight
•• Lines:
•• Line segment, line, ray, intersecting lines
hhEstimation
hhRounding
graphs
•• Pictographs, bar, and line graphs
to nearest cent
hhParallel
and perpendicular lines
hhSimilar,
diagonal
•• Terms:
•• Point, plane, congruent
Measures
•• Temperature:
•• Reading and writing
•• Term: degrees
•• Celsius and Fahrenheit:
•• Freezing and boiling points of water
•• Normal body temperature
•• Perimeter of a polygon
•• Area: formulas for rectangle and square
•• Recognize models and symbols:  (point); ­— (line segment);
↔ (line); →  (ray); ∠ (angle)
hhSquares
hhConverting
Celsius to Fahrenheit and Fahrenheit to Celsius
hhNegative temperatures
•• Length:
hhMeasuring to 1/8 of an inch
•• English: inch, foot, yard, mile
•• Metric: millimeter, centimeter, decimeter, meter, decameter,
hectometer, kilometer
hhConverting kilometers to miles and miles to kilometers
•• Weight:
•• English: ounce, pound, ton
•• Metric: milligram, centigram, decigram, gram, decagram,
­hectogram, kilogram
•• Capacity:
•• English: fluid ounce, cup, pint, quart, gallon, peck, bushel,
­teaspoon, tablespoon
•• Metric: milliliter, centiliter, deciliter, liter, decaliter, hectoliter, k
­ iloliter
•• Ordering measures: least to greatest
•• Converting measures from one measure to another within same system
•• Adding unlike measures within the same system
•• Subtracting unlike measures within the same system
•• Square measures:
•• Square inches, square feet, square yards
hhAcres, square miles
•• Timed mastery; metric prefixes
.
and square roots
Percent, Ratio, Proportion
hhIntroduction
hhRecognize
to concept
symbol: % (percent)
Pre-Algebra
hhSolving
equations:
new axioms:
hhWith number and unknown side by side
hhUnknown as numerator and number as denominator
hhNegative numbers
hhSquares and square roots
hhExponents, bases, radical signs
hhOrder of operations
hh4
76
Fifth Grade
History & Geography
5
5
Fourth Edition
´-Tk$S¨
13527504
Old World History and Geography presents a fascinating study of the Eastern Hemisphere by
geographical regions starting with the Middle East, where history began. It not only presents the
importance of studying history and the significance of geography, but also describes the beginnings
of history from a Christian perspective. Students are introduced to worldwide missions and missionary heroes, while learning about the history, geography, and culture of these specific locations:
Asia, Africa, Europe, Australia, Oceania, and Antarctica. They will also study history as it relates to
important topics such as creation, evolution, humanism, government, and nations.
Added Enrichment
Evaluation
•• Comprehension checks (69)
•• Worksheets (39):
•• Chapter checkups at end of each chapter (16)
•• Geography facts and review (24)
•• Special feature boxes with in-depth study
•• Chapter content worksheets (6)
•• Geography atlas and continent study (6)
of Eastern Hemisphere (36):
•• Concepts and places of history
•• Map skills (3)
•• Spotlights on events
•• Nation Notebook optional research project:
•• Animals of the world
•• For nation from Eastern or Western Hemisphere
•• Wonders of geography
•• Including geography, symbols, way of life, history
•• Important people of history and
•• Improving skills: organizing time and meeting
•• Printed quizzes (36)
•• Homework quizzes (6)
•• Tests (11)
•• 9-weeks content and geography exams (4)
•• Atlas, continent, and geography facts
missionaries of the world
•• Maps (43) and important facts about each
continent at beginning of each unit
memorized and evaluated (36)
deadlines, gathering information, writing reports,
reading maps, mounting and labeling pictures,
making a time line
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
History Study
hhCountries
of Central and Southern Asia:
hhIndia:
hhFertile
Crescent:
of civilization:
hhLand of beginnings
hhSumer: civilization of southern Mesopotamia (Babylon), irrigation, writing, wheel, archaeologists, ziggurats
hhUr of the Chaldees: Chaldea, stone temples, marketplace,
Abraham
hhAncient Middle East:
hhWhere history began
hhHomes of ancient times
hhDaily life in an ancient city
hhPhoenicians (seafaring people): sailors, Carthage, alphabet, papyrus, blown glass
hhHittites: empire builders
hhLydians (makers of money): trade by barter, first coins minted
hhIsraelites (God’s chosen people): Sinai Peninsula, Ten Commandments, Joshua, “Holy Land,” Canaanites, judges, King Saul, King
David, King Solomon
hhAssyrian Empire: feared conquerors
hhBabylonian Empire: Code of Hammurabi, Chaldeans, Seven
­Wonders of the Ancient World, Daniel, King Belshazzar
hhPersian Empire: Cyrus the Great
hhMiddle East today:
hhGeographical features
hhClimate: desert regions, Mediterranean climate, fertile land
hhPlants and animals
hhPeople: Arabic language, Islam religion
hhImportance of history and current events: Islam, Judaism,
Christianity, natural resources
hhThree geographical areas: F
­ ertile Crescent, Arabian ­Peninsula,
Northern Plateaus
hhHenry Martyn: missionary to India and Middle East
hhTopographical
features, caste system, family life, religion, place
value, decimal numeral system
hhTaj Mahal, Vasco da Gama, East India Company, William Carey,
East and West Pakistan, Mt. Everest
hhAmy Carmichael: missionary to Indian children
hhOther Central and Southern Asian Countries
hhCountries of the Far East:
hhChina:
hhHuang He (China’s Sorrow), dynasties, Great Wall of China,
­discoveries and inventions, missionary efforts
hhChanging country, Republic of China, Communism, Mao Tse-tung,
Chiang Kai-shek, People’s Republic of China
hhModern China, Beijing, Hong Kong, Tiananmen Square
hhChinese sphere of influence
hhNortheast and Southeast Asian countries
hhEgypt:
hhGeography of Egypt
hhEgypt’s beginning: early river civilizations
hhDynasties
hhBuilding projects of the phar­aohs: irrigation and flood control,
shadoof, pyramids, Great Sphinx, obelisks, Valley of the Kings,
“King Tut”
hhEveryday life in ancient Egypt: people, education, food
hhPapyrus plant: first paper, hieroglyphics, Rosetta Stone
hhDecline of Egypt
hhCradle
77
History & Geography cont. p. 78
Fifth Grade
History & Geography cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
History Study cont.
hhEngland
and the British Isles:
Isles: “Mother Country,” biblical heritage
•• Great events in English history:
hhMagna Carta, Elizabethan Age
•• Age of Puritans:
hhPuritans and science, Wesleyan Revival
hhRise of industry, Victorian Age, England’s decline, r
­ estoring England’s greatness, Margaret Thatcher
hhEngland: land and people, ­Pennine Chain, London, Thames, the
Chunnel
hhIreland, Scotland, and Wales: “Emerald Isle,” people, p
­ otato famine,
Republic of ­Ireland, Northern Ireland, ­Scottish Highlands
hhOther countries of Western Europe:
hhTwo Europes: Communist Eastern Europe, Free Western Europe
hhMediterranean Europe:
hhSpain: ancient Armada
hhPortugal: explorers
hhItaly: Renaissance
hhGreece: early E
­ uropean civilizations
hhCentral Europe:
hhFrance: revolution
hhSwitzerland: mountain republic
hhAustria: culture and beauty
hhGermany: reformation
hhThe low countries: The ­Netherlands (land below sea level), how
Dutch made Holland, Belgium and Luxembourg
hhScandinavia (land of Vikings):
hhNorway: land of the Midnight Sun
hhSweden: largest Scandinavian country
hhDenmark: Hans Christian Andersen
hhIceland: land of fire and ice
hhFinland: scenic forest land, European tundra
hhLanguages of Europe: Romance, Germanic, Slavic, and others
hhCountries of Eastern Europe:
hhRussia under the czars
hhHow Communism began: Karl Marx, Marxism
hhBirth of the Soviet Union: ­Russian Revolution, Communist terrorism
•• Changes in the Soviet Union:
hhNo food, disaster in Afghanistan
•• Mikhail Gorbachev
hhPerestroika and glasnost, Lech Walesa, Solidarity, Baltic Republics
hhLife in the Soviet Union: atheism, few freedoms, government c
­ ontrol
hhSoviet Union and United Nations
hhFall of the Soviet Empire: Boris Yeltsin, Russian Republic, Commonwealth of Independent States
hhModern countries of Eastern Europe
hhAustralia and beyond:
hhAustralia: “Island Continent,” land and climate, Great Barrier Reef,
plants and animals, history, government, cities, country life, industry
and resources
hhOceania: islands of the Pacific
hhAntarctica: coldest continent, discovery and exploration, Captain
James Cook, Richard Byrd
hhBritish
hhAfrica
long ago:
hhLand of mystery: “Dark Continent”
hhHighlights of African history:
hhLand of Phut, Sahara, Land of Cush
hhEthiopian eunuch, Queen of Sheba, early Christians in North
Africa
hhMuslim control, Ghana Empire, Mali Empire
hhAge of exploration and missions:
hhMalaria, yellow fever, sleeping sickness, slave trade
hhRobert Moffat, David Livingstone, Victoria Falls, Henry Stanley,
Samuel Crowther, Mary Slessor
hhAfrica in modern times:
hhNorthern Africa: Sahara, Barbary Coast, Aswan High Dam, Suez
Canal, Sudan, Khartoum
hhTropical Africa: history and geography
hhSouthern Africa: European settlement, Republic of South Africa,
resources and industries
hhModern Africa’s needs: the Gospel, food, shelter, education,
stable government
hhAncient Greece
hhGeographical features
hhFirst Greeks: Minoans, Crete, Mycenaeans, Trojan horse
hhGreek alphabet and writings: Homer, Aesop
hhGreek philosophers: Pythagoras, Democritus, Socrates, Plato,
Aristotle
hhGreek city: city-state, agora, acropolis, theater, gymnasium,
stadium
hhA Greek idea: democracy (people rule)
hhTwo famous city-states: Sparta, courage, strength, loyalty, helots;
Athens, culture
hhPhilip of Macedonia: Macedonia, phalanx
hhAlexander the Great (Conqueror of the World): Hellenistic Age
hhRome:
hhLand: Apennine Peninsula, Italy, Alps, Po River, Tiber River
hhPeople: Italians, Latins, Etruscans, Greek influence
hhLife in Rome: home, education, roads, bridges, tunnels, aqueducts, concrete, government, Roman Republic, patricians, plebeians
hhHow Rome conquered the world: Punic Wars, Julius Caesar, Rubicon River, dictator, Mark Antony, Pompeii
hhRoman Empire: Augustus Caesar, Pax Romana
hhChristianity:
hhGreatest event in history: birth of Jesus, early ministry of Jesus
Christ, spread of the Gospel
hhNero and the persecution of Christians: colosseum, gladiators,
the catacombs
hhRise of Constantine
hhFall of Rome
hhMiddle Ages:
hhPeasants and lords, Roman church, Charlemagne, Holy Roman
Empire
hhMonasteries, convents, crusades, Waldensians, Inquisition, John
Wycliffe, John Huss
hhInvention of printing press: Johann Gutenberg, Gutenberg Bible
hhMartin Luther and the Protestant Reformation: indulgences, purgatory, Ninety-Five Theses
78
History & Geography cont. p. 79
Fifth Grade
History & Geography cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Geography terms and facts memorized:
•• Circle of the earth:
•• Sphere
Memory Work
•• 6 documents:
•• The American’s Creed
•• Portion of The Declaration of Independence
•• Preamble to the Constitution
•• First Amendment to the ­Constitution
•• The Rights of Americans
•• Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address
•• States and capitals
•• 44 U.S. Presidents
hhDiameter,
•• Oceans
circumference
hhSeas
•• Seven continents
•• Earth’s hemispheres:
hhNorthern,
southern
•• Eastern, western
•• Latitude and longitude:
Geography Study
hhParallels
of latitude, tropics, meridians
•• Poles, Equator
•• Atlas facts memorized:
hhBodies
hhEastern
Hemisphere: political map of nations, cities, states,
bodies of water, oceans
hhWorld: physical maps of rivers, seas, deserts, mountain ranges,
mountains
hhKingdoms and empires of the ancient world
hhAfrica: countries, rivers, mountains, bodies of water
•• Landforms
hhBodies of water
•• U.S. states and capitals
hhContinent facts memorized:
hhAsia: countries, capital names, locations; continent facts, seas,
rivers, mountain ranges, mountains, deserts
hhAfrica: countries, capital names, locations; continent facts, rivers,
deserts, mountain ranges, mountain
hhEurope: countries, capital names, locations; continent facts, seas,
rivers, mountain ranges, mountains
hhAustralia, Oceania, & Antarctica: countries, capital names,
­locations; continent facts, mountain ranges, desert, islands
•• Rivers:
of water: gulf, strait, channel
hhTributary,
mouth, delta
•• Upstream, downstream
hhLandforms:
plains, plateaus, hills, mountains
and mountain ranges: sea level, altitude, peak, summit;
volcano, dormant, extinct
hhWorld’s greatest deserts
hhClimate zones
hhTropical rain forests
hhTropical savannas
hhMountains
Science
5
Additional Helps
Investigating God’s World leads students continually from the known to the unknown
by teaching important science concepts within the context of things they can see
and know. The aim is to help students better understand basic science principles
rather than to merely teach them science vocabulary.
5

Fourth Edition
This text presents the world as the creation of God and glorifies Him as its Sustainer
and Upholder. It introduces great scientists and naturalists who believed in the
biblical account of Creation, and where appropriate, it refutes the materialist’s faith
in evolution. Students will also learn about topics such as plants and animals, matter
and energy, light, and minerals.
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 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Insects & Plants
hhMore
stinging insects: bumblebees, yellow jackets
hhPredator,
and order
•• Pollination
•• Honeybees
•• Printed quizzes (25)
•• Homework quizzes (3)
•• Tests (6)
•• 9-weeks exam (3)
prey
•• Food chain
•• Mimicry:
•• Monarchs and viceroy butterflies
•• A detective’s tools: his senses and intelligence, books and equipment
hhInvestigating
Evaluation
•• Victims and villains:
•• The mysteries around us:
•• Science and observation
hhLaw
•• Suggested:
•• Enrichment projects (3)
•• DVDs (4)
•• Worksheets (24)
a goldenrod jungle:
hhBee
79
and fly differences; bee killers
Science cont. p. 80
Fifth Grade
Science cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Insects & Plants cont.
hhOther
bug, goldenrod spider
bugs:
hhPiercing and sucking mouthparts
hhWings that cross
hhPraying mantis: egg case, nymph
•• Beetles and seed eaters:
hhBeetle characteristics, locust borer, goldenrod soldier beetle
•• Seed feeders:
•• Birds
hhRabbits
hhComposite flowers: characteristics of composites; daisy, aster, blackeyed Susan, thistle, goldenrod, ragweed
hhWilliam Carey: missionary and botanist in India
Activities & Demonstrations:
hhSetting up a living flower exhibit
hhMaking a meadow in a terrarium
hhObserving insect orders
hhMaking plant exhibits: drying flowers, building a gall cage
hhUsing a water lens
hhLearning more about honeybees: the “bee dance”
hhObserving social insects
hhMaking a creature keeper
hhMaking a pitfall trap
carnivores: contrast in size
carnivores: bears, giant pandas
hhSmall carnivores:
hhWeasels and minks
•• Skunks
hhPrimates (tree-dwelling mammals):
hhCharacteristics
hhApes: mountain gorillas and chimpanzees
hhMonkeys: New World and Old World
hhHorses: man’s best helper
hhCloven-hoofed animals:
hhBovids (useful ruminants): cattle, sheep, goats
hhDeer (antlered ruminants): white-tailed deer, moose, reindeer and
caribou
hhDifferences between horns and antlers
hhGrenfell of Labrador: missionary and doctor
hhMammals and man:
hhLikenesses and differences
hhBalance of nature; extinct and endangered species
Activities & Demonstrations:
hhCollecting and recognizing animal tracks
hhInvestigating your dog and cat
hhFollowing tracks: studying animal tracks
hhDemonstrating wool’s ability to hold heat
hhBuilding a nature sanctuary
hhObserving animal measurements
Mammals
Energy: Light
hhLarge
•• Camouflage:
hhAmbush
hhTrue
•• Habitats
•• Vertebrates:
•• Characteristics:
hhFour
hhDefining
light:
of light
hhTransparent, opaque, translucent light
hhShadows
hhJourney of light:
hhLuminous objects
hhNatural and artificial light
hhReflection: bouncing light; convex and concave mirrors
hhRefraction (bending light rays):
hhConvex and concave lens, telescopes
hhThe spectrum: ROY G. BV, infrared, ultraviolet
hhEyes (the light detectors):
•• Parts of the eye:
•• Pupil, iris, lens, retina, optic nerve
hhCornea
hhEye conditions: nearsightedness, farsightedness
hhSir Isaac Newton and the eye
hhAnimal eyes:
hhCharacteristics of birds’ eyes
•• Insects’ eyes
•• Night vision
hhBinocular vision, monocular vision
hhSeeing color
Activities & Demonstrations:
hhMaking a lens and mirror collection
hhObserving light reflectors
hhObserving eyeshine
hhDemonstrating transparent, translucent, and opaque materials
hhObserving mirrored impressions
hhMaking a spectrum
hhSpeed
limbs: two forelimbs, two hind limbs
•• Warm-blooded
•• Hair:
•• Fur, wool, spines or quills, bristles, whiskers
hhFor
warmth:
blubber
•• For camouflage
hhSpecial structures: horns, claws, nails, hoofs, hard plates
hhMammary glands: most mammals provide milk for their young
hhUnusual mammals:
hhMarsupials
hhPlatypus and echidna: hatch from eggs
hhGnawing mammals:
hhRodents (herbivores): rats, mice
hhRabbits are not rodents
•• Insect-eating mammals:
hhAnt-eating mammals: giant anteater, aardvark, pangolin
hhInsectivores: shrews, moles, hedgehogs
hhBats
hhDogs (canines): breeding, training
hhCarnivores
hhWild dogs: wolves, coyotes, foxes
hhCats (felines):
hhDesigned to stalk: night vision, whiskers, rough tongue, padded
feet
hhWild cats: tiger, lion, jaguar, leopard, etc.
hhWhales’
80
Science cont. p. 81
Fifth Grade
Science cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Geology
Energy & Engines
hhThe
hhForce
earth’s structure: crust, mantle, outer core, inner core
hhSoil (a natural resource):
•• Humus; conservation
hhChemical and physical weathering
•• Rocks: igneous, sedimentary, metamorphic
hhMinerals: crystals and gemstones; mineralogists
hhMetals:
hhCharacteristics of metals
hhGold, silver, copper, iron, aluminum, mercury, uranium
hhHidden treasures:
hhFossil fuels: coal, oil
hhHot springs and geysers
hhHollowed-out caves: stalactites, stalagmites, spelunkers
hhCharles Spurgeon: preacher who loved nature
hhInteresting treasures:
hhFossils:
hhFormation, kinds
hhPaleontologists
hhMen who saw dinosaurs: Bible characters; others throughout history
Activities & Demonstrations:
hhGathering a rock collection
hhDoing the acid test
hhMaking a crystal garden
hhIdentifying minerals
hhIdentifying artificial fossils
hhObserving physical weathering at work
and motion (engines):
•• Forces necessary for motion:
•• Force of gravity, force of friction
hhForce
of contact
and magnetism:
hhForce of electricity: positive and negative charges
•• Force of magnetism
hhWork and energy:
hhForms of energy; types of energy; transfers of energy
•• Energy for muscles
•• The power of water and wind: windmills, water wheels
•• Water, ice, and steam:
hhThe three states of matter, changes in the states
•• Water’s three states
•• Water molecules in motion
hhThe power of steam:
hhPerformance under pressure
hhSteam engine; steam locomotive
hhThe power of internal combustion:
hhNecessary ingredients for combustion
hhGasoline and diesel engines
hhThe power of jet propulsion: how a jet engine works
hhThe power of rocket engines:
hhRockets and oxygen
hhModern rocketry
hhTwo types of rocket engines
Activities & Demonstrations:
hhCalculating weight on the moon (effect of gravity)
hhDemonstrating electrical charges
hhObserving molecules move in water
hhDemonstrating:
hhImportance of oxygen in combustion
hhMagnetic field
hhElectricity
Oceanography
•• The sea is His: beauty, power, secrets
•• Water (the necessary resource):
•• Composition of water
•• Water cycle
hhTide
and shore:
of tides, tidal zones
hhRocky shores
•• Sandy shores
hhShellfish: mollusks, crustaceans
hhSea stars
hhBeauties of the coral reef: coral polyps; fish of the coral reefs
hhSome seafaring mammals:
•• Whales
hhPinnipeds, sea otters
hhWinged wanderers: albatrosses, gulls, penguins
hhPreserving the sea:
hhOil spills
•• Conservation
Activities & Demonstrations:
hhGathering a seashell collection
hhMoving molecules
hhDemonstrating a miniature oil slick
hhTypes
Astronomy
•• The sun:
•• Size; a source of energy
hhLayers:
core, photosphere, chromospheres, corona
•• The stars: constellations of the northern and southern hemispheres
•• The moon:
•• Appearance
hhMoon
seas, phases of the moon
planets: names, description of each
•• Air: gases in the air, importance of air, atmosphere, air pressure
hhThe wild blue yonder: troposphere, stratosphere, mesosphere, thermosphere, exosphere, magnetic field
hhWernher von Braun: aerospace engineer
Activities & Demonstrations:
hhExploring space from your backyard
hhDemonstrating:
hhAir’s expansion and contraction in response to t
­ emperature
hhAir pressure with an atmospheric egg
hhEight
81
Science cont. p. 82
Fifth Grade
Science cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Weather
hhMaking
hhSolar
fog
hhInvestigating
•• Temperatures and winds:
snow crystals
a weather prophet
hhBeing
rays; greenhouse effect
hhSeasons:
Variety of Vertebrates
hhResult
of earth’s tilt on axis
winds:
hhTemperature differences
hhAir pressure
hhMajor wind systems
•• Water vapor: humidity; condensation
hhAtmosphere: ingredients for cloud formation; types of air masses,
fronts
•• Clouds:
•• Shapes and names: ­cumulus, stratus, cirrus, combination clouds
hhFog
•• Precipitation:
•• Rain, sleet, snowflakes:
hhDry snow, wet snow, freezing rain, tropical rain
•• Storms:
hhHow a storm is produced
hhAnatomy of a cumulonimbus cloud
•• Hailstones
hhTypes of lightning
hhTornadoes: watches and warnings
•• Storm safety
hhWeather monitoring and forecasting
Activities & Demonstrations:
hhBuilding a water barometer
hhCreating a wind system
hhBuilding a hygrometer
•• Classification of animals
•• Warm-blooded and cold-blooded vertebrates: definition
•• Birds and flight:
•• Structure of feathers and bones
hhThe
hhTypes
of wings
breast muscles
hhPowerful
•• Fish:
•• Structure: gills, scales, swim bladder
hhTypes:
jawless fish, cartilaginous fish, bony fish
•• Snakes (reptiles):
hhParts
of a snake, venomous snakes, common snakes, constrictors
of snakebites
hhLizards (reptiles): defenses, types
hhTurtles and crocodiles (reptiles):
hhArmor-like structure, parts of turtle shells
hhTypes of turtles and crocodiles
•• Amphibians:
•• Types
•• Tadpole metamorphosis
hhUnusual amphibians
•• Louis Agassiz: “America’s Greatest Science Teacher” (1847–1873)
Activities & Demonstrations:
hhConducting an egg watch
hhObserving fish
•• Raising tadpoles
hhTreatment
Health
5
5
E NJOYING G OOD H EALTH
Third Edition
®
Additional Helps
The active lifestyle presented in Enjoying Good Health emphasizes the significance of
maintaining sound health habits. While reviewing the muscular and respiratory systems
of the human body, each student is encouraged to measure his level of fitness. An
in-depth study of the circulatory system adds to the student’s knowledge of physical
fitness. The study of nutrition focuses on the importance of a healthful diet and its
effects on overall fitness and personal appearance.

Enjoying Good Health also stresses personal responsibility in overcoming spiritual
battles, concluding with a practical study of the Christian’s spiritual armor.
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 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Circulatory System
•• Worksheets (11)
•• Physical exercises (7)
•• Mental exercise (1)
•• Demonstrations:
•• Measuring amount of air in breath
•• Determining your optimal range
•• Review games (16)
Evaluation
•• Printed quizzes (6)
•• Homework quizzes (3)
•• Tests (4)
hhRest:
lactic acid, carbon dioxide, amount needed
your heart: alcohol and tobacco use, cholesterol, physical
fitness
hhProtecting
hhBlood:
cardiac muscle, arteries, capillaries, veins, plasma, red and
white cells, antibodies, platelets
hhHeart: atrium, ventricle, valves
hhCirculatory system: aorta, pulse, capillaries, venae cavae, varicose
veins, blood pressure
82
Health cont. p. 83
Fifth Grade
Health cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Water:
•• Importance, amount needed
Nutrient Study
•• Energy; diet
•• Nutrients:
hhSafe
drinking water
hhDysentery
hhSimple
and complex carbohydrates
and unsaturated fats
hhWater-soluble and fat-soluble vitamins
hhMinerals: phosphorus, magnesium, sodium, potassium, iron, iodine,
zinc
hhDeficiency conditions: osteoporosis, goiter, anemia
•• Daily Food Guide: malnutrition, balanced diet, Food Guide ­Pyramid
and 5 groups
hhEnergy for activity: calories, metabolism
•• Balanced meals: a good breakfast, lunch, dinner, and snacks
•• Energy input and output: maintaining a healthy weight, obesity
hhCaffeine
hhSaturated
hhAids
and hindrances to digestion
•• Pleasant meals: manners
Physical Fitness in Action: Exercise
•• Factors:
•• Aerobic endurance
•• Muscular strength and endurance; agility
hhFlexibility
•• Body composition
Interpersonal Relationships
Digestive System
•• Social acceptance:
•• Influenced by personal appearance and hygiene: posture, halitosis,
hhDigestive
system: alimentary canal
hhParts: mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, colon
•• Saliva, gastric juices, bile
hhExcretory system: kidneys, bladder
hhJob of the liver in digestion
hhAbsorption and elimination: villi, colon, fiber
brushing, flossing, deodorant
•• Influenced by actions:
•• Polite conversations; proper introductions
•• Telephone courtesy during incoming and outgoing calls
hhRSVPs,
thank-you notes
•• Being a good friend
hhMental
awareness: potential, eye-gate, ear-gate, right attitudes,
­gratitude
hhSpiritual warfare: armor of God
Bible
DAVID
Young
Life
of
David
Flash-a-Card®
SERIES 1
Evaluation
Fifth grade Bible is filled with many astounding stories about Bible characters
such as Moses, Ruth, Daniel, Samuel, and David. Students will also study Joshua’s
life and learn how his loyalty to God made him an excellent leader and caused
him to triumph in battle. These Bible stories will show students how God can do
mighty acts when a person has faith in Him.
•• Graded memory verse
passages (8)
•• Content tests (5)
3 Lessons—21 Cards
1 God Chooses David
2 David Kills Goliath
3 David and Jonathan
Lesson Guide Included
´.,R/L¨
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abeka.com
Lessons
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Memory Work
407 A Beka Flash-a-Cards
•• Salvation Series (5 lessons)
•• Life of Moses Series (20): Moses in Egypt; Journey to Sinai; Journey
hhNew
through the Wilderness
Doctrinal Drill
•• Tabernacle (3)
•• First Christmas (5); Joshua (7); Judges (6); Ruth (3); Jonah (2)
•• Crucifixion and Resurrection (9); Life of Samuel (4)
•• Life of David Series (13):
•• Young David, David in Hiding
salvation, heaven, assurance of salvation
•• 8 questions with verses to ­memorize as answers
Prayer Time
the King
•• The First Thanksgiving
•• Learn to pray with thanks­giving for each other, our nation, those in
authority over us
45 songs
Sword Drills
•• Choruses, hymns of the faith, holiday songs, and patriotic songs:
hh18
59 questions/answers
•• Increase Bible knowledge of basic doctrines: the Bible, God, sin,
hhDavid
Music
Scripture passages (8) containing 49 verses
•• Review verses (97)
•• Learn to quickly find 112 Old and New Testament references
new hymns and songs; 12 new choruses
83
Fifth Grade
Music
One important foundation of a nation’s heritage is its music. Songs We Enjoy 5 contains
songs that reflect the spirit and strength of the American people. These traditional, patriotic, holiday, and fun songs have been delighting students for generations. The sing-along
CD makes song time easy for the teacher and even more enjoyable for the students.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Skills Development 6 6 songs
Variety of Songs to Memorize
•• Follow a song leader, while singing with class or CD
•• Patriotic, folk, Americana, fun, spirituals and hymns, holiday, songs at sea
hhDefine
and understand 17 unfamiliar words and phrases in lyrics
hhImprove coordination skills with songs that require hand motions
•• Benefit from fun activities that keep interest:
•• Dynamic contrasts, singing in rounds
hhTongue twisters
•• Learn historical facts through patriotic, folk, and Americana music
Arts & Crafts
5
Added Enrichment
Students use Art B to review fundamental principles of color with colored-pencil renderings and watercolor paintings. Fifth graders will learn new concepts such as light
and dark values, one-point perspective (with step-by-step drawings), and symmetry.
Students will enjoy using different types of media to create three-dimensional forms.
Art B also encourages students to appreciate art by introducing them to accomplished artists and art techniques.
5
Third Edition
Basic drawing and painting techniques,
color concepts, and perspective
word picture
grid drawing
colored pencil
watercolor

´+JC! ¨
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



ART SERIES
•• Art Appreciation
•• Introduction to influential artists
such as Julius Schnorr von
Carolsfeld, Currier and Ives,
and Brian Jekel
•• Art forms: woodcuts, calligraphy,
origami, and lithographs
•• Introduction to well-known prints
and works
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Skill & Concept Development
Technique Development
37 projects
•• Primary, secondary, intermediate, complementary, analogous, and
hhDrawing:
sketching basic shapes (4)
enlarging and reducing (4)
•• Animation
•• Modeling (4):
•• Paper shaping, paper cutting, paper folding
hhFoil, imprinting, curling
hhPainting: watercolor techniques (4)
neutral hues
hhValue: light and dark; watercolor; contrasting (12)
hhPerspective: horizon line, vanishing point (6)
hhSymmetry (4)
hhShading;
84
Sixth Grade
Language Arts: Reading
6c
Of America II
6b
6b
6c
America
Of
Fourth Edition
Students will read a biographical novel and a Christian fiction novel and use them when writing language
book reports. Two speed and comprehension readers contain challenging and interesting selections.
Sixth graders will develop a wider range of comprehension skills by answering comprehension questions
based on stated facts, implications, and general reasoning.
H
Second
Edition





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
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6
Literary Value
6


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Speed &
15717103
Compreh
Materials
•• 146 authors, including well-known writers
ension Rea
der
Fourth Edition


´/hD#k¨
Sixth graders will enjoy reading exciting selections about animals of all kinds, patriots from
America’s past, and Christians in foreign lands. This delightful collection of stories and poems
features several well-known authors and introduces students to a variety of interesting characters.
15723603
Reading Progra
m
Evaluation
•• Readers (3) containing:
•• Weekly oral reading grade
•• Short stories (102), poems (67), plays (3)
•• Weekly vocabulary and
•• Scripture selections (5)
c­ omprehension quizzes (34)
•• Christian fiction and biographical novels (1 each) •• Speed and comprehension
­quizzes (73) for timed silent
•• Speed and comprehension readers (2):
reading exercises and stories
•• Reading Comprehension 6 Skill Sheets (42)
•• Adventures in Greatness exercises (31)
such as Louisa May Alcott, Benjamin Franklin, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Rudyard Kipling,
Lucy Maud Montgomery, and Mark Twain
•• Themes including brotherhood, friendship,
generosity, honor, ­ingenuity, leadership,
patience, prayer, justice, loyalty, citizenship, dedication, and responsibility
Reading Skills Development
Comprehension, Discussion, & Analysis
Skills Development
•Strive for increased:
•• Accuracy, fluency, phrasing
•• Good expression, comprehension
•• Improvement of flow
•• Pace and comprehension while r­ eading silently
•• Ability to follow along and comprehend as others read orally
•• Vocabulary development through words and definitions in readers
•• Ability to read poetry correctly
•• Answer factual, interpretive, and inferential c­ omprehension and ­discussion
questions for most stories and poems
•• Improve ability to use deductive reasoning, understand cause and
effect, and draw conclusions
•• Determine main characters, theme, climax, and turning point
Language Arts: Language
6
6
Writing & Grammar
Work-text
´/hL!{¨
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



LANGUAGE SERIES
Third Edition
The sixth grader should be constantly guided to see how grammar applies to his writing and speaking. God’s Gift of Language C gives a thorough, systematic presentation of grammar, composition,
and mechanics in a clear and appealing manner. Both the student and the teacher will appreciate
the explanations and demonstrations of the writing process. Students who use this program are
not “afraid of composition.” Creative Writing, a companion text to God’s Gift of Language C, helps
students to think and to convey their thoughts more clearly, critically, and creatively.
God’s Gift of Language C features a cumulative review section at the end of each unit and a Handbook of Rules and Definitions at the end of the text.
Added Enrichment
•• Creative writing focus (23 lessons)
•• The Student Writer’s Handbook includes:
•• How to use a dictionary, thesaurus, ency-
clopedia; The Writing Process; a Writer’s
Checklist; proofreader marks
•• How to write book reports using the Writing Process and the Book Report Checklist;
friendly letters and social notes
•• How your library works
Evaluation
•• Quizzes:
•• From quiz/test book (15)
•• Graded grammar exercises in
student book (10)
•• Tests from quiz/test book (10)
85
•• Book reports (7):
•• Short format (3; each counts as 2 quiz grades)
•• Long format (3; each counts as test grade)
•• Oral (1; counts as test grade)
•• Library research report (counts as 2 test grades)
•• Graded creative writing exercises (3)
Language cont. p. 86
Sixth Grade
Language cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• The sentence:
•• Identify sentences and fragments
•• Correct sentence fragments and run-on sentences
•• Recognize four types of sentences: declarative, imperative,
Grammar
•• Capitalization:
•• Proper nouns:
•• Particular persons, places, things; words referring to Deity or
interrogative, exclamatory
the Holy Scriptures
•• Words formed from proper nouns:
•• Proper adjectives
hhAbbreviations of proper nouns
•• Titles of persons:
•• Used before a person’s name as part of the name
•• Used alone in direct address
•• Titles of works:
•• First, last, and all important words in titles of books, magazines,
newspapers, poems, stories, plays, and works of art
•• First word in a sentence, including quoted sentences
•• Pronoun I
•• Punctuation:
•• End marks
•• Commas:
•• Before a coordinating conjunction joining two simple sentences
•• To indicate where word(s) have been omitted
hhTo avoid a possible misreading
•• To indicate nonessential elements in a sentence: nouns of direct
address; well, yes, no, why
hhTo indicate parenthetical words or expressions
•• In dates and addresses
•• In letter salutations and closings
•• Apostrophes:
•• To show possession
•• To show omissions from a word
hhTo show omissions from an expression
•• With s to form:
•• The plural of letters
hhThe plural of numbers, signs, and words used as words
•• Quotation marks:
•• In a direct quotation
•• To enclose titles of short stories, short poems, songs, chapters,
articles, and other parts of books or magazines
•• Semicolons:
•• To separate simple sentences not joined by a conjunction
hhWith a conjunction to join two simple sentences if those
­sentences already contain commas
•• Colons:
hhBefore a list of items
•• Between chapter and verse of a Bible reference
•• Between hour and minute when writing the time
•• After the salutation of a business letter
•• Underlining: titles of books, magazines, newspapers, plays, works
of art, ships, trains, and airplanes
•• Hyphens:
•• To divide a word at the end of the line
hhIn compound numbers
hhIn fractions used as adjectives
•• Locate simple and complete subjects and predicates
•• Identify compound subjects and verbs; compound sentences
•• Locate out-of-the-ordinary subjects and verbs
•• Parts of speech:
•• Recognize and diagram all eight parts of speech
•• Verbs:
•• Distinguish action, state of being, helping, and linking verbs
•• Recognize verb phrases, principal parts of verbs, and irregular
verbs
•• Use spelling rules for verb endings
•• Use action verbs with picturing power
•• Find exact verbs
•• Use troublesome verbs correctly
•• Nouns:
•• Recognize common, proper, compound
•• Use:
•• As subjects, predicate nominatives, direct objects, indirect
objects, objects of the preposition
•• In direct address
hhMake
subject agree with verb
•• Pronouns:
•• Recognize personal pronouns: nominative, objective, possessive
•• Choose correct pronoun case
•• Recognize:
•• Compound, demonstrative, and interrogative pronouns
hhIndefinite
pronouns
pronoun agree with the verb
•• Adjectives:
•• Know distinguishing characteristics of adjectives
hhCorrectly use compound proper adjectives
•• Recognize:
•• Predicate adjectives, verbs used as adjectives
•• Prepositional phrases used as adjectives
•• Use and compare adjectives correctly
hhCorrectly use less, least; fewer, fewest; them, those
hhPlace adjectives correctly in sentence
hhLearn how to use adjective-forming suffixes
•• Adverbs:
•• Distinguish adjectives from adverbs
•• Identify prepositional phrases used as adverbs
•• Correctly use:
•• Good, well
•• Adverbs in comparisons
•• Avoid double negatives and double comparisons
•• Prepositions:
•• Recognize prepositional phrases
•• Distinguish prepositions from adverbs
•• Avoid:
•• Preposition errors
hhUnnecessary prepositions
•• Conjunctions:
hhRecognize coordinating and correlative conjunctions
•• Interjections
hhMake
86
Language cont. p. 87
Sixth Grade
Language cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Write a library research report using the Writing Process:
•• Make bibliography cards and preliminary outline
•• Take notes
•• Make a final outline
•• Write the rough, second, and final drafts
•• Write the final bibliography
Composition
Note: Many creative writing exercises are included in
Creative Writing, a companion text to Language C.
•• Creative writing exercises:
•• Write:
•• Friendly letter and social notes
•• Dialogue
•• Paragraphs:
•• Develop:
•• A good topic sentence
hhParagraphs with details, examples, reasons, or brief story
•• Use paragraph unity
hhDevelop sentence order: chronological order, order of importance
hhWrite a compare-and-contrast paragraph
hhWrite a narrative paragraph
•• Write about an emotion and a memory
•• Apply the Writing Process to writing paragraphs
•• Use transitional words and phrases
hhCombine paragraphs to make a composition
hhWrite
poetry:
rhymes, assonance, consonance
hhDefinition and picture poems
hhHaiku and cinquain poetry
hhUsing
Language Arts: Penmanship & Creative Writing
6
6
Creative Writing
with Penmanship Skills
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Creative Writing is a companion text to God’s Gift of Language C. This work-text
develops students’ abilities to observe, proofread, think clearly, and use descriptive
words. Students learn what characterizes good writing and how they can write more
creatively as they study observation and creativity, poetry, and journal writing. The
challenging Mind Stretchers provide lively openers for each creative writing class as
students create anagrams, acrostics, and rebuses, and work with synonyms, connotation, and alliteration. Creative Writing features many examples for students to follow
as they complete these exercises. Sixth graders will also review previously learned
penmanship skills and concepts by completing practice exercises.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Penmanship Skills Development
Added Enrichment
•• Journal compilation including
creative writing assignments (24)
•• Additional exercises to build
creative writing skills (40)
Evaluation
•• Penmanship tests (17)
•• Progress report boxes through-
out penmanship section (12)
Creative Writing Skills Development
•• Maintain good writing position:
•• Sitting properly in desk
•• Holding pen correctly
•• Slanting paper correctly
•• Write in ink with a relaxed grip and flowing movement
•• Evaluate writing for personal improvement
•• Maintain correct letter spacing, shape, alignment, and proportion;
hh Understand
the value of crea­tivity in writing
alliterated sentences and acrostics (38)
hh Make observations while paying attention to ­details
hh Proofread with correction symbols while rewriting and perfecting
work
hh Write topical journal entries
hh Descriptions, portraits, dialogue (7)
hhWith “color words” (1)
hhPoems, rhymes, couplets, picture poetry (5)
hhHaiku and cinquain poetry (5)
hhAbout memories (3)
hhA rebus (1)
hhAbout an emotion (1)
hhUsing comparisons, improvisations (1)
hh Write
uniform slant, retracing, and smooth connecting strokes
and practice difficult connections (13)
•• Use correct warm-up procedure using slants, ovals, and basic
letter strokes
•• Correctly write all upper- and lowercase letters
•• Use key strokes: humps, slants, loops, tails
•• Be able to write sentences as dictated (10)
hh Identify
87
Sixth Grade
Language Arts: Spelling, Vocabulary, & Poetry
Sixth Edition


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Spelling, Vocabulary, & Poetry 6 teaches students the spelling and meaning of words through the study
of prefixes, roots, and suffixes. They will be able to spell and recognize thousands of words after
learning these common roots, prefixes, and suffixes. Sixth graders will appreciate the eight review lists
and exercises that provide opportunity for spelling mastery. Three Spelling Challenge lists allow them
to learn commonly misspelled words that pertain to a specific spelling rule. Students will also practice
their proofreading skills while learning about the origin and development of the English language from
a Christian perspective.
15729501
Spelling, Vocabulary, & Poetry 6 contains eight delightful poems written by well-known poets; this recitation and memorization of poetry will further develop each student’s appreciation for good poetry.
Added Enrichment
•• Spelling and vocabulary:
•• Spelling lists (34) including 8 review lists:
•• Spelling words (460)
•• Definition included with each spelling
word
•• Vocabulary words and definitions (345)
•• Frequently misspelled words (150)
•• Organized by prefixes (49), roots (50),
suffixes (33)
•• Practice exercises included with each
list (77)
•• Spelling games (19)
•• Pronunciation key
•• Thought-provoking quotation with
each list
•• Quick-reference lists:
•• All prefixes, root words, and suffixes
•• Word meaning and /or sample derivation
•• Teacher resources: practical spelling tips
•• Poetry:
•• Poem introductions include:
•• Discussion ideas
•• Historical content
•• Information about the author
•• CD included to help with
Evaluation
•• Spelling tests (34)
­interpretation
•• Vocabulary lists accompany each
poem
and suggestions; sentence bank
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Spelling & Vocabulary Skills Development
hh Master
spelling and vocabulary lists:
root words, and suffixes
hhVocabulary words and definitions
hhHomonyms, synonyms, and antonyms
hhFrequently misspelled words
•• Use vocabulary words in proper context
•• Memorize vocabulary definitions
•• Correctly write sentences dictated by teacher using vocabulary words
•• Create good sentences using spelling and vocabulary words
•• Apply spelling and phonics concepts through daily teacher-directed
oral practice and independent written practice
hh Learn about the history and literal meaning of words
hh Learn to pronounce thousands of words correctly
hh Become familiar with a pronunciation key
hh Practice proofreading skills while also learning about the origin and
development of the English language from a Christian perspective
hh Develop spelling skills using Greek and Latin roots, prefixes, and suffixes
hh Be able to identify commonly misspelled words
hh Be able to comprehend a word within proper context
•• Proofread for spelling errors: recognize misspelled words in lists or
sets of words
hh Apply knowledge of prefixes, roots, suffixes to:
hhForm words
hhAnswer comprehension questions
hhPrefixes,
88
•• Learn spelling rules:
•• Use i before e, except after c, or when sounded like a
•• Double a final consonant before adding a suffix beginning with a
vowel
•• Change y to i when adding suffixes
•• Drop the silent e before adding a suffix beginning with a vowel
•• A prefix is added to the b
­ eginning of a word to change the meaning
•• A suffix is added to the end of a word to change the function of
original word, not the meaning
•• Learn:
hhExceptions
to spelling rules
•• Words that follow no spelling pattern
•• How to choose correct ending for words with sound-alike suffixes
hhPrinciple
of assimilation to expand creativity
Poetry Skills Development
hh Memorize
6 lyrical poems and 2 dramatic poems
•• Develop appreciation of poetry
•• Perform in front of audience
•• Recite in unison
•• Develop appropriate expression and volume
•• Improve comprehension of content and emotion
•• Learn definitions and use of unfamiliar words
•• Develop mental visualization of the poem
•• Discuss meaning and purpose of poems
•• Use proper observation of punctuation
Sixth Grade
Arithmetic cont.
6
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The Arithmetic 6 work-text includes an abundance of practice problems and review
exercises to help each student master important arithmetic skills and concepts. Almost
daily story problems and frequent problem-solving strategies are featured, providing
practical application for real-life situations. Arithmetic 6 takes students from the known
to the unknown as they study fractions, decimals, proportions, percents, prime factoring, algebraic equations, measurement, basic geometry, and beginning banking.
Evaluation
•• Biweekly quizzes (17)
•• Biweekly tests (17)
•• 4 weekly skills development
exercises (135)
335.8
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Checking by addition
•• Fractions with common and uncommon ­denominator
•• Measures
•• Decimals with annexing zeros
Numbers
•• Place value:
•• Whole numbers to the 100 billions’ place
hhDecimals
to the millionths’ place
•• Writing numbers to the 100 billions’ place
•• Roman numerals:
•• Value of I, V, X, L, C, D, M
•• Basic and complex rules for forming Roman numerals
hhUse
hh Compound
Multiplication
•• Multiplication facts: 0–12 tables
•• Word problems:
of dash to increase value one thousand times
•• Terms:
•• Notation, numeration
hhPrime
hhWith
number, composite number
hh Mental
arithmetic: problems combining multiplication, division,
a­ ddition, and subtraction with up to 16 numbers
•• Multiplying with up to a 3-digit multiplier (factor)
•• Checking by reversing factors and casting out 9s
•• Money
hh Recognize symbol: • (raised dot)
•• Factors:
•• Factoring
•• Finding common and greatest common factor
hhPrime factors:
hhDivision by primes
hhFactoring tree
hhLeast common multiple
hh Compound measures
•• Fractions:
•• Using cancellation
•• Multiplied by fractions, mixed or whole numbers
•• Decimals:
•• Multiplied by decimals or whole ­numbers
•• Multiplied by powers of ten
hh Rounding
to nearest billion
hh Prime numbers: Eratosthenes sieve
hh Composite numbers
•• Estimating: divisor, quotient
•• Rounding: whole numbers, money, decimals, timed mastery
hh Irrational numbers
Addition
•• Addition families 1–18: mixed order
•• Timed mastery
•• Terms: addend, sum
•• Word problems:
hhWith
added complexity
•• Timed mastery
•• Terms: factors, product, partial products
•• Comparing
•• Money
measures
added complexity
hh Mental
arithmetic: problems combining addition, subtraction,
­ ultiplication, and division up to 16 numbers
m
•• Checking by addition and ­casting out 9s
•• Addends: column addition
•• Averaging
•• Fractions with common and uncommon denominators
•• Measures
•• Decimals with annexing zeros
hh Compound measures
Division
•• Division facts: 1–12 tables
•• Word problems:
hhWith
Subtraction
added complexity
•• Timed mastery
•• Steps of division
•• Terms: dividend, divisor, quotient
•• Subtraction families 1–18: mixed order
•• Timed mastery
hh Mental
arithmetic: problems combining subtraction, addition,
­ ultiplication, and division up to 16 numbers
m
•• Word problems:
hhWith added complexity
•• Terms: minuend, subtrahend, difference
•• Money
hh Mental
arithmetic: problems combining division, multiplication,
addition, and subtraction with up to 16 numbers
•• Divisors:
hhUp to 4 digits
89
Arithmetic cont. p. 90
Sixth Grade
Arithmetic cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Multiplication:
•• By a whole number
•• By another decimal
•• When zeros are annexed
•• Division:
•• By a whole number
•• Eliminating decimal point in divisor
•• Annexing zeros to avoid r­ emain­ders
•• Comparing and repeating decimals
•• Rounding
•• Timed mastery
•• Changing fractions to decimals and decimals to fractions Division cont.
•• Dividends:
hhUp
to 7 digits
•• Remainders written as fractions
•• Checking by multiplication or casting out 9s
•• Money
•• Averaging
•• Estimating quotients
•• Divisibility rules for dividing by 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 9, 10
•• Fractions:
•• Dividing a whole number, mixed number, or fraction by a fraction
or mixed number
hh Terminating
decimals
decimals
hh Converting repeating decimals to fractions
•• Dividing a fraction or mixed number by a whole number
hh Repeating
•• Decimals:
•• Dividing a decimal by a whole number
•• Eliminating decimal point in divisor
•• Annexing zeros to avoid remainders
hhIncluding
­quotient
Problem Solving & Applications
•• Word problems: steps of problem-solving process
•• Addition, subtraction, multiplication, division
•• Fractions, money, measures
•• Time, averages, decimals
•• Geometry, graphs
zeros immediately to the right of decimal point in
•• Dividing by powers of ten
Fractions
hh Equations,
hhBroader,
ratio, percent, p
­ roportion
•• One, two, three, and four steps
•• Mixed operations
•• Eliminating unnecessary ­information
•• Parts of a whole or group
•• Word problems:
deeper understanding of concepts
hh Making
a table
factors
hh Using logic charts
hh Finding a pattern
hh Testing a hunch
hh Making a sensible guess
hh Drawing a geometric model
hh Using proportions
•• Applications:
hhBroader, deeper understanding of concepts:
hhMeasures, Roman numerals, money, graphs, scale drawings, geometry
hhCharts, time, banking, ratio, proportion, reading meters (electric
and gas)
hhDiscount, interest, sales tax, profit, commission
hhInstallment buying, planning ­budgets, amount of profit
•• Timed mastery
•• Terms: numerator, denominator
•• Types:
•• Proper, mixed, improper
•• Change to mixed number or whole number
•• Change mixed number to an improper fraction
•• Simplifying: reducing and making proper
•• Addition with common and uncommon denominators
•• Subtraction:
•• With common and uncommon denominators
•• With borrowing
•• Multiplication:
•• Using cancellation
•• Multiplying a fraction with a whole or mixed number
•• Multiplying two mixed numbers
•• Equivalent fractions
•• Division:
•• Of a whole number, mixed number, or fraction by a fraction or
hh Conversion
Time
•• Table of time:
•• Second, minute, hour
•• Day, week, month, year, leap year
•• Decade, score, c­ entury, millennium
mixed number
•• Of a fraction or a mixed number by a whole number
•• Changing fractions to decimals; decimals to fractions •• Finding fractional part of whole
hh Time
zones:
meridian
hhInternational Date Line
hhCoordinated Universal Time
hh Daylight Savings Time
hh Latitude
hh Degrees
hhPrime
Decimals
•• Money
•• Reading and writing: writing a fraction or decimal as a fraction
•• Place value:
•• To the thousandths’ place
Money
hhTo
the millionths’ place
•• Addition and subtraction: annexing zeros
•• Addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division with dollar sign ($)
and decimal point (.)
90
Arithmetic cont. p. 91
Sixth Grade
Arithmetic cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Area:
•• Formulas for:
•• Rectangle, square
Measures
•• Temperature:
•• Reading and writing
•• Terms: degrees
•• Celsius and Fahrenheit: freezing and boiling points of water;
hhParallelogram,
triangle, circle, complex shapes
formula
hh Using a compass and protractor
hh Constructions: circles, angles
hh Bisecting angles
hh Sliding, rotating, and flipping shapes
•• Recognize models and symbols:
•• . (point); — line segment; ↔ line; → ray; ∠ angle
hh|| parallel lines; � triangle; ≅  congruent; ∩ arc; π pi
hh Circumference:
normal body temperature
•• Conversions: Celsius to Fahrenheit; Fahrenheit to Celsius
•• Length:
•• English: inch, foot, yard, mile
•• Metric: millimeter, centimeter, deci­meter, meter, decameter,
­hectometer, kilometer
•• Weight:
•• English: ounce, pound, ton
•• Metric: milligram, centigram, decigram, gram, decagram, hecto-
Percent, Ratio, Proportion
gram, kilogram
•• Recognize symbol: % (percent)
•• Capacity:
•• English: fluid ounces, cup, pint, quart, gallon, peck, bushels,
hh Reading
and writing:
as a fraction, decimal, ratio
hhFraction as a percent
hhDecimal as a percent
hh Subtracting from 100%
hh Word problems
•• Timed mastery
hh Finding percentage:
hhOf a whole number
hhWhen the percent ends in a fraction; percent is over 100%
hhBy comparison when the percent is given as more or less than
hhLess than 1%
hh Estimating answers
hh Finding:
hhPercent by comparison
hhPercent of increase or decrease
•• The rate of discount
hhPercent for circle graphs
•• Discounts
hhAmount of profit
•• Simple interest
hhThe base
hh Ratio:
hhReading and writing
hh Terms: antecedent, consequent
hhEquivalent, word problems
hh Proportion:
hhReading and writing
hhTerms: means, extremes, cross products, word problems
hhPercent
­teaspoon, tablespoon
•• Metric: milliliter, centiliter, deciliter, liter, decaliter, hectoliter, kiloliter
•• Ordering measures: least to greatest
•• Converting measures within the same system
•• Adding and subtracting unlike measures within the same system
•• Square measure:
•• English: square inches, square feet, square yards, square acres,
square miles
cm2, m2, km2; hectares
•• Timed mastery
•• Metric prefixes
hh Compound measures: adding, subtracting, multiplying
hhMetric:
Graphing, Statistics, Probability
•• Graphs:
•• Pictographs; bar, line graphs
hhCircle,
r­ ectangle graphs
range, mean, median, ranked
•• Scale drawing
hh Finding distance on maps
•• Probability ratio
hhStatistics:
Geometry
•• Plane figures:
•• Simple closed figure, polygon
•• Quadrilateral: parallelogram, rectangle, square, rhombus, trapezoid
•• Pentagon, hexagon, ­heptagon, octagon
•• Triangle: right, isosceles, e
­ quilateral
•• Angles:
•• Right, acute, obtuse, straight
hhIn
Pre-Algebra
a circle
•• Solving equations
•• Negative numbers
•• Squares and square roots:
•• Lines: line segment, ray, intersecting lines; parallel and perpen­
dicular lines
•• Terms:
•• Point, plane, vertex, congruent, similar, diagonal
hhBase,
hhPerfect
radius, diameter, arc, degree, semicircle
•• Perimeter of a polygon
•• Formulas for:
•• Rectangle, square
hhParallelogram,
squares
•• Exponents, bases, radical signs (
•• Order of operations:
hhBroader,
deeper understanding of concepts
•• Powers of ten
hh Algebraic
triangle, ­irregular shapes
hh Two-step
•• Converting measures to find perimeter
91
)
multiplication
equations
Sixth Grade
History & Geography
6
6
New World History and Geography offers a Christian perspective on the history and geography of
North and South America. It includes a chapter on Canada and a chapter on the recent events in
the United States and around the world. Important geographical facts and historical documents that
should be given special attention throughout the year are highlighted and placed for easy reference.
By reading special-feature articles found throughout the text, students will learn about the lives and
contributions of great missionaries and other well-known Christian leaders.
´/kF#w¨
15753803
Added Enrichment
•• Maps and important facts about each continent
•• Comprehension checks (92)
•• Chapter checkups (18)
•• Time line of important dates at beginning of
each U.S. history chapter (9)
•• Special feature boxes (25):
•• Historical concepts, events, and special interests
•• People of history and missionary heroes that
influenced Western Hemisphere countries
highlighted throughout text
Evaluation
•• Map skills and activities worksheets (44):
•• Chapter content review (7)
•• Review of physical, political, and geograph­i­cal
•• Printed quizzes (39)
•• Homework quizzes (6)
•• Tests (11)
•• 9-weeks exam (4)
•• Atlas and geography facts
features of Western Hemisphere (34)
•• Map skills (4)
•• Current event reports (12)
•• Canadian Province Notebook:
memorized and evaluated on
quizzes and tests
­ anadian
optional research project of a selected C
­province or territory
•• Nation map project: optional
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Missionaries to the American Indians:
•• John Eliot
History Study
•• The first Americans and the land they found:
hhGreatest
hhJohn
migration in history
Campanius
•• Roger Williams, David Brainerd
•• Land the Americans settled:
•• Geography of North America
•• Famous woodland Indians:
•• Sequoya
hhGeography
of Central and South America
•• How American Indians lived: education, food, clothing, shelter,
recreation, religion
•• North America: cold lands to the north:
hhTrip to the North Pole
hhTundra (“Land of the Midnight Sun”): land, plants, animals
hhPeople of the tundra (Eskimos): traditional life, modern life
hhNorthern woodlands: tall trees, animals
hhIndians of the Far North: food, clothing, homes, religion, children,
modern life
•• Canada: the second largest country:
hhVast lands to the north: sparsely settled
hhHighlights of Canadian history
hhMaritime provinces
hhQuebec and Ontario
hhPrairie provinces
hhBritish Columbia and Territories
hhPeople, resources, and industry
hhCanadian government: constitutional monarchy, Prime Minister,
­Parliament, Royal Canadian Mounted Police
•• The Eastern United States:
•• Eastern coast and mountains
hhAtlantic Ocean facts, uses, fish
hhWoodland animals
•• Indians of the eastern woodlands:
hhHopewell Indians, Iroquois League of Five Nations, Southern
Indians
•• Indians the Pilgrims knew
hhJoseph
Brant and Tecumseh
•• The North American plains:
hhWorld’s
largest prairie
of the prairie
hhSpecial geographical features of the land
hhPlains Indians
•• The American West:
•• Rocky Mountains:
hhCordilleras Chain, the Great Divide, mountain flora and fauna
hhIntermountain Region: plateaus and deserts
hhDesert flora and fauna: hardy plants, variety of animals
•• Pacific Ocean:
hhCoastal Regions
hhIndians of the West
•• The colonial heritage:
•• English colonize America:
•• Spain and France
•• England: John Cabot
•• Roanoke
•• Jamestown:
•• London Company
•• Captain John Smith
hhLord De La Warr
hhFree enterprise system
hhAnimals
92
History & Geography cont. p. 93
Sixth Grade
History & Geography cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Expansion and evangelism:
•• Pioneers push farther west:
•• Daniel Boone and the Wilderness Road:
History Study cont.
•• Pilgrims: lovers of religious freedom:
•• Settling in Plymouth
•• Friends with the Indians
•• First Thanksgiving
hhThanksgiving
hhCumberland
hhThe
of 1623
hhRichard
Bay Company and Charles I
•• Christianity among black Americans:
•• Lott Carey, Colin Teague, Lemuel Haynes
Deluder Satan Act
•• Roger Williams and Rhode Island
•• New Hampshire: fish and lumber
•• Connecticut: “Place of the Long River”
•• New England: churches
hhJohn
Jasper, Catherine Ferguson, John Chavis
•• From the Gulf of Mexico to the Rocky Mountains:
•• Purchasing and exploring Louisiana
•• War of 1812:
•• Middle Colonies:
•• New York:
•• Settled by the Dutch
hhPatroon
Allen
•• Beginnings of American missions
•• Massachusetts Bay Colony and Boston
hhOle’
Erie Canal
•• Revival and missions:
•• Second Great Awakening:
•• New England Colonies:
•• Massachusetts and the Puritans:
hhMassachusetts
Gap
•• Settling the Northwest Territory
hhTreaty
of Ghent
•• United States gains Florida and the Southwest
system
•• From sea to sea:
•• Gold Rush:
•• Delaware: New Sweden
•• Pennsylvania:
•• Quaker State
hhJohn
Marshall
•• Oregon Territory
hhSociety
of Friends
and Count von Zinzendorf
•• New Jersey: haven of religious freedom
•• Southern Colonies:
•• Virginia: oldest colony
•• Maryland: freedom for Catholics
•• Carolinas: the Southern Plantation
•• Georgia: last of the thirteen
•• The Great Awakening:
•• Jonathan Edwards, George Whitefield
hhPhillis Wheatley
•• George Washington and the New World’s first republic:
•• Young hero of the French and Indian War
•• French settle New France
•• French and Indian War:
•• Fort le Boeuf and George Washington
•• General Braddock
hhFort Duquesne
•• Defeat at Quebec
•• Threats to American Freedoms:
•• King George III and the Stamp Act
•• The Boston Massacre and the Boston Tea Party
hhThe Quebec Act
•• Colonists prepare to fight
•• Fight for Independence
•• Independence for America
•• Building a new nation:
hhCivil government
hhThree branches of government
hhRights and responsibilities of Americans
•• New friends in Japan:
hhMoravians
hhCommodore
Matthew Perry, Samuel Wells Williams, and Jonathan
Goble
•• Division and reunion:
•• Slavery, compromise
hhTariffs
•• States’ rights
hhAbolitionists: Harriet Beecher Stowe, Sojourner Truth
hhUnderground railroad and Harriet Tubman
•• Civil War begins:
•• Fort Sumter, Emancipation Proclamation, Ulysses S. Grant,
Robert E. Lee
hhStonewall Jackson
•• Important Civil War battles
•• Gettysburg Address
•• Other events of Civil War times:
hhNational motto, new songs, American Red Cross
•• Gospel spreads, Pony Express, transcontinental railroad
•• Rebuilding the South: Booker T. Washington, George Washington
Carver
•• The nation grows and prospers:
•• Western frontier: Indians of the Great Plains, Homestead Act,
Oklahoma Land Rush
hhFamous westerners: Buffalo Bill, Annie Oakley
hhJames Garfield
•• Immigration, revival, industry
•• Inventions: new ways to do things
hhNorbert Rillieux
hhGranville T. Woods
•• New frontiers: Alaska, Hawaii
•• Spanish-American War: Philippines, Guam, Puerto Rico
93
History & Geography cont. p. 94
Sixth Grade
History & Geography cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
History Study cont.
hh Mexico
and Central America:
America
hhMexico (land of the Aztecs): geography, many climates, natural
resources, people, ­cities, recreation, government
hhCentral America (land in ­between):
hhMayans: builders of civilization
hhClimate, natural resources, wildlife
hhCountries of Central America
hh West Indies—Islands of the Caribbean:
hhLand of discovery: rich heritage, from colonial days to modern days
hhExploring the West Indies: islands of mountains and coral, colorful
creatures on land and in the sea, climate, industry
hhCuba: country under Communist dictatorship, desire and need for
capitalism
hh South America:
hhExploring South America: tropical climate and opposite seasons,
many nations and varied geography, animal life, abundant national
resources
hhThe Amazon and its peoples
hhHighlights of South American history: Incas, rule by Spain and Portugal, struggle for independence, South America’s greatest need
hh Nations of South America:
hhPeru: land of Incas
hhEcuador
hhBolivia: country with two capitals
hhColombia, Venezuela, and the Three Guianas
hhBrazil (giant of the south): land of the Amazon, historical events,
prosperous economy, people, cities
hhArgentina: land of pampas, granary of the south
hhChile: where land ends
hhParaguay: from prosperity to poverty
hhUruguay: industrious little ­country
hhMiddle
•• Into the twentieth century:
hhOur
country in 1900
world power
hhEducation, religion
hhMasters of invention and technology
hhHall of Fame for Great Americans
hhPresident Theodore Roosevelt:
hhChildhood, public servant, Great White Fleet
•• 26th President, Rough Riders, Panama Canal
hhDiscovery of the North Pole
hhSinking of the Titanic
•• World War I
•• Between the World Wars:
•• Great Depression and plans for peace that failed
hhChallenges to Christianity
•• Fighting for freedom:
•• World between the wars:
•• Russia: Communism
•• Italy: Fascism
•• Germany: National Socialism
hhJapan: Militarism
hhWorld War II: many wars in one
hhU.S. enters World War II:
hhJapanese-American patriots
hhBenjamin O. Davis, Jr.
hhGeneral Douglas MacArthur
•• Continuing world problems: United Nations, spread of Communism, Berlin divided, Israel becomes a nation, Korean War
•• Time for freedom and responsibility:
•• Years of prosperity and opportunity:
•• Post-war boom
•• Advances in technology
•• Freedom and opportunity for all Americans:
hhJackie Robinson and Mel Martinez
•• Preserving freedom in an age of big government:
•• Proper role of government
•• President Eisenhower
•• President Kennedy:
hhNew frontier
•• President Johnson:
hhGreat Society
•• Return to peace through strength: Ronald Reagan, decline of the
“Evil Empire”
•• Advances for freedom: Operation Desert Storm, collapse of the
Soviet Union
•• Twentieth century comes to a close:
hhNationwide moral decline:
hhDeclining academics and school violence
hhWhitewater investigation
•• Into the new millennium:
•• Terrorism strikes again 9/11, “War on Terror”
•• War in Afghanistan
•• Natural disasters
hhAxis of evil, War in Iraq
hhIllegal immigration, election 2008
hhMajor
Geography Study
•• Atlas facts memorized:
•• 9 maps, both physical and political, cover hemispheres, continents,
oceans
•• Western Hemisphere: location of straits, bays, gulfs, rivers, lakes,
waterfalls, islands, peninsulas and isthmuses, mountain ranges,
mountain peaks, deserts, and highlands
hhMap mastery countries and cities for the Western Hemisphere:
hhCanada: 13 provinces and t
­ erritories, 8 cities
hhMiddle America: 20 countries and dependencies, 12 cities
hhSouth America: 13 countries, 9 cities
•• Geography facts memorized:
•• Geography terms over land and sea forms (68)
•• Climate zones
•• Using latitude and longitude
Memory Work
94
•• 6 documents:
•• The American’s Creed
•• Portion of The Declaration of Independence
•• Preamble to the Constitution
•• First Amendment to the ­Constitution
•• The Rights of Americans
•• Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address
•• States and capitals
•• 44 U.S. Presidents
Sixth Grade
Science
6
6
Fourth Edition
Added Enrichment
•• Worksheets (24) including:
Observing God’s World is an excellent bridge between elementary and junior high or
middle school science. This memorable text presents the universe as the direct creation
of God and refutes the man-made idea of evolution.

Observing God’s World features photos, art, and charts that clearly illustrate the science
concepts being taught. Students will apply what they have learned by doing projects
and experiments both at home and at school. Some of the topics students will study
include invertebrates, plants, forces of the earth, the universe, space travel, and matter
and chemistry.
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 RED indicates first introduction of content.
labeling diagrams, identification,
chapter content review
•• Suggested:
•• Review games (13)
•• DVDs (2)
•• Adopt-a-Tree poster
•• Astronomy report
Evaluation
•• Printed quizzes (25)
•• Homework quizzes (9)
•• Tests (8)
•• 9-weeks exam (3)
•• Selected conifers:
•• Pines, hemlocks, firs, spruces:
Plants
•• Leaves:
hhSpecific
examples
firs
hhLarches: tamarack
hhRedwoods: giant sequoia, General Sherman tree, bald cypress,
knees
hhCypresses: cedars, junipers, western red cedar, cedar of Lebanon
•• Palms:
hhFronds
•• Coconuts
•• Plant surprises:
•• Ferns:
•• Spores
hhFern anatomy: spore cases, rhizoids, fronds
hhTree fern
•• Mosses:
hhMoss anatomy
hhPeat moss
•• Algae:
hhDiatoms, diatomite, dinoflagellates, flagella, filamentous algae
•• Seaweeds: blades, air sacs, holdfasts
•• Kelp
hhAlgin
•• Carrageenan
•• Fungi:
hhSaprophytes
•• Parasites
hhMycelium, hyphae
•• Molds and mildews:
hhStructure and characteristics
•• Penicillin
•• Mushroom:
hhStructure: fruiting body
•• Yeast
hhSlime molds, lichens
Activities & Demonstrations:
hhRecognizing leaf shapes
hhColoring carnations
hhDemonstrating tropism in plants
hhDissecting a flower
hhMaking bark rubbings
hhWorking with yeasts
hhHunting mushrooms
•• Producing bread mold spores
hhPhotosynthesis
in detail, leaf anatomy, tendrils, spines, bulbs,
insectivorous plants
•• Roots and stems:
hhShoot system, taproot, root cap, root hairs
hhEpiphytes, cellulose, cell wall
hhStolon or “runner,” rhizomes, thorns
•• Flower, fruit, and seed:
•• Flower structure:
hhBud, bracts, ovary, ovules, stigma
hhProcess of fertilization
•• Fruits:
hhDevelopment and scientific definition
•• Conditions for seed growth
•• Seed structure:
hhCotyledons
hhHybrid
•• Plant families you should know:
•• Composite family
hhPea, rose, lily, grass families:
hhCereal grass, turf grass, woody grass
•• Trees:
hhPerennials, annuals, biennials
•• Notable trees:
hhCalifornia redwood
hhBanyan, candlewood, and baobab trees
•• Bristlecone pine
hhCambium, tree bark
•• Annual growth rings
•• Broadleaf trees:
hhHardwoods
•• Deciduous
•• Selected broadleaf trees:
•• Maples, elms oaks:
hhSpecific examples, Dutch elm disease
hhBirches, willows: specific examples
•• Conifers:
hhTypes of cones, conifer pollination
hhCharacteristics contrasted with broadleaf trees
•• Evergreens
hhDouglas
95
Science cont. p. 96
Sixth Grade
Science cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Jellyfish:
•• Stinging cells
Invertebrates
•• Classification:
hhLife
hhKingdom,
phylum, class, order, family, genus, species, scientific
name
•• Vertebrate, invertebrate
•• Insects:
hhGeneral characteristics of anthropods
•• Insect anatomy:
hhTracheae, air sacs
•• Metamorphosis:
•• Complete
hhIncomplete
hhClassification
hhFamiliar orders of insects: Orthoptera, Odonata, Coleoptera,
Homoptera, Hymenoptera, Lepidoptera, Hemiptera, Diptera
•• Spiders:
hhArachnids, book lung, details of silk production and use
•• Selection of spiders:
hhTrap-weaving, ambushing, and hunting spiders
•• Swimming spiders:
hhFishing spider
•• Water spider
hhTarantulas, Goliath birdeater
hh Other arachnids: harvestman, scorpions, ticks, mites
•• Crustaceans:
•• Regeneration, plankton
•• Crabs, lobsters, shrimp:
hhAnatomy, specific examples
•• Barnacles
hhKrill, wood lice
hh Centipedes and millipedes
•• Worms:
•• Earthworms:
hhCastings
hh Parasitic worms: leeches, tapeworms, roundworms
•• Mollusks:
hhMantle
•• Snails and slugs:
hhGastropods
•• Univalves
•• Cowrie, conch
hhNudibranch
•• Bivalves
•• Cephalopods:
•• Jet propulsion; octopus, squid
hhCuttlefish, nautilus
•• Strange sea specimens:
•• Sea stars: rays, tube feet
•• Sea urchins:
hhSand dollar
hhSea lily, feather star, sea cucumber
hhSponge
•• Sea anemone
hhCoral polyp
hhHydra
cycle: larva, polyp, medusa
•• Portuguese man-of-war
•• Protozoans:
hhGod’s
design for variety in the world of invertebrates
parts: cell membrane, cytoplasm, organelles, nucleus,
­chromosomes
hhAmoeba: pseudopods, food vacuole
hhParamecium: cilia
hhRelationship between protozoans and humans; discovery of
­protozoans
hh Science and great Christians: Jonathan Edwards
Activities & Demonstrations:
hhObserving spiders and their ways
hhSnorkeling for sea invertebrates
•• Making exhibits:
•• Insect
hhArachnid, crustacean, earthworm, ­mollusk, ocean, protozoan
hhCell
Geology
•• Earth’s structure:
•• Crust, mantle, core:
hhMoho
•• Chemical and physical weathering
hhMovements
of the crust, plates, mid-oceanic ridges
tsunami, tremor, seismology, fault, focus, epicenter,
magnitude, Richter scale, seismic belts
•• Volcanoes:
•• Magma
hhMagma chamber, vent, Ring of Fire, fumaroles
•• Lava
hhTephra: volcanic ash, bombs and blocks, lapilli
hhClassification:
hhBy formation: shield, cinder cone, composite, caldera
hhBy activity: active, dormant, extinct
hhBy kind of eruption: Hawaiian, Strombolian, Plinian
•• Igneous rocks:
hhExtrusive, intrusive
•• Sedimentary rocks:
hhMechanical, chemical, and organic sediments; breccia, halite, gypsum
•• Metamorphic rocks:
hhFoliated and unfoliated
•• Gems:
hhPrecious and semiprecious stones
•• Diamond:
hhDiamond pipe
•• Ruby
hhSapphire, emerald, red spinel
•• Metals:
hhPrecious metal
•• Gold, silver
hhPlatinum
•• Iron:
hhSteel
•• Copper: brass, bronze
hhAluminum
hh Earthquakes:
96
Science cont. p. 97
Sixth Grade
Science cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Smaller space travelers:
Geology cont.
hhAsteroids,
•• Fossil fuels:
•• Coal:
•• Meteors:
comets
hhMeteorite, impacts
Activities & Demonstrations:
hhObserving friction
hhDrawing ellipses
hhStudying the tail of a comet
hhLearning meteor shower schedules
hhTypes
of coal: anthracite, bituminous, sub-bituminous, lignite
hhCoal mining: surface mining, overburden, underground mining
•• Petroleum:
hhCrude oil, hydrocarbons
hhFinding, recovering, and refining petroleum: fractional distillation
•• Caves:
hhCavern, speleology
hhCave types: sea cave, lava cave, solution cave
•• Limestone:
hhCalcium carbonate
•• Cave formations:
•• Stalactites, stalagmites
hhSoda straws, columns, draperies, flowstones, moon milk, cave
rafts, cave pearls
hhLife in caves: trogloxenes, troglophiles, troglobites
•• Earth’s magnetic field:
•• Basics of magnetism
hhMagnetic vs. geographic poles of Earth
hhThe source of Earth’s magnetism: electromagnet
•• The magnetosphere: solar wind, auroras
Activities & Demonstrations:
•• Demonstrating:
•• Weathering from water and plants
hhWeathering from chemicals
hhMaking a volcano
hhDemonstrating:
hhIgneous rock textures with fudge
hhStratification of sedimentary rock
•• Growing salt crystals; rock hounding; testing for calcium carbonate
hhGrowing stalactites
Exploring Space
•• Understanding light:
hhElectromagnetic
•• Speed of light
hhFrequency,
wave
wavelength, electromagnetic spectrum
•• Instruments of astronomy:
•• Refracting and reflecting telescope, Hubble Space telescope
hhAdaptive
optics; spectroscope, radio telescopes
•• Principles of space flight:
•• Astronauts
hhObjects
and satellites in orbit
Isaac Newton: discoverer of God’s laws
hh Race to the moon: Sputnik and Explorer I, Gemini and Apollo programs
hh Space stations: Salyut, Skylab, Mir, International Space Station
hh Space shuttle and beyond: private space flights, return trips to moon
hh Satellites and space probes: communication, weather, navigational,
earth observation, military, and astronomical satellites; space probes
hh Exploring:
hhInner planets: detailed description of Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars
hhOuter planets: detailed description of Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune
hh Space explorers: William and Caroline Herschel
•• Origin of the universe: God created
Activities & Demonstrations:
•• Observing: reflection and refraction; the sights in night sky
hh Sir
God’s Great Universe
Matter & Chemistry
•• What space is like: vacuum, temperature extremes
•• Galaxies:
•• Galaxy, Milky Way
•• Materials and matter:
•• Mass, weight, density
hhLocal
group; notable galaxies, supercluster
hhGalactic shapes: spiral, barred spiral, elliptical, irregular
hhNebulae
•• Constellations:
hhCassiopeia, Cepheus, Andromeda, Pegasus, Cygnus, Draco, Taurus,
Sagittarius, Centaurus
•• Stars:
•• Structure and atmosphere of the sun:
hhGranule, spicule, solar prominence, solar flare
hhLight year, star magnitude, colors and categories, supernova
hh Early ideas in astronomy: earth-centered universe, sun-centered
­universe, ellipse, three laws of planetary motion, gravity
•• Exploring the solar system: overview of planets, moons
•• Earth: revolution, rotation, atmosphere, ozone layer, greenhouse effect
•• Moon: lunar month, phases, the moon and tides
97
hhMeasuring
•• Atoms:
hhAnatomy
•• Electrons
hhProtons,
density
of an atom
neutrons, atomic number
definition of an ­element, selected elements
•• Groups of elements:
hhPeriodic table, metals, nonmetals, semimetals
hhAlkali metals, alkaline earth metals, halogens, noble gases
•• Molecules and compounds:
hhDefinition of compound, formulas of compounds, nonmolecular
compounds
hhNonionic crystals, compounds vs. mixtures, chemical reactions
•• Robert Boyle: pioneer of modern chemistry
Activities & Demonstrations:
hhObserving elements
hhSeparating mixtures
hhObserving chemical reactions
hh Elements:
Sixth Grade
Health
6
6
Third
Edition


Choosing Good Health places special emphasis on the study of the endocrine, immune, and nervous systems. Students become familiar with major health concerns such as drug abuse and AIDS,
and discover the physical, mental, social, and spiritual effects of these problems on the individual
and on the nation. A proper attitude toward safety is stressed in Choosing Good Health, teaching
students personal responsibility for safety behavior. Students learn to recognize symptoms requiring emergency aid and practice basic first-aid procedures for minor injuries.

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Added Enrichment

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•• Worksheets (11) including: chapter content review;
body systems content; locating and identifying
body systems and parts
•• Physical exercises (15)
•• Mental exercises (7)
•• Demonstrations (2): checking your pulse;
checking your field of vision
•• Review games (17)
•• Optional CD and DVD
Evaluation
•• Printed quizzes (8)
•• Homework quizzes (2)
•• Tests (4)
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Critical conditions:
Safety & First Aid
hhSevere
bleeding:
points: brachial, femoral, carotid, and temporal arteries
hhHead injury: concussion, contusion
•• Not breathing:
hhRescue breathing
•• Choking: Heimlich maneuver
•• Poison:
•• Substance swallowed
•• Poison bite:
hhAntivenin, ­neurotoxic
•• Burns:
hhKinds: thermal, electrical, and chemical burns
hhLayers of skin
hhDegrees of burn
•• Safety:
•• Personal safety:
•• Poison prevention
hhFirearm
hhPressure
safety
•• Electrical shock, fire and burn prevention
hhYard-work
hhLadder
safety
safety
hhKeys
•• Passenger safety
•• Strangers:
hhOn
the telephone
the door
hhPersonal precautions
•• Recreational safety:
•• Bicycle and walking safety
hhHeat exhaustion, heat stroke
•• Water safety:
hhThe buddy system
hhSurvival float, Heat Escape Lessening ­Posture, ocean swimming
hhWinter sports safety: preventing h
­ ypothermia and frostbite;
sledding and ice skating safety
hhWilderness sports:
hhHiking and campfire safety
•• Dealing with poisonous plants, ticks, and poisonous snakes
•• Environmental safety in:
•• Thunderstorms, hurricanes, tornadoes:
hhEarthquakes
•• First Aid:
•• Basic first aid:
hhDiscerning emergency situations: emergency medical technician,
paramedic; basic rules in an emergency medical situation
•• Sports aid: muscles and bones:
hhRICE treatment:
•• Strain, sprain
•• Simple and compound fracture:
hhSplint
hhDislocation
•• Skin-deep irritations:
•• Abrasions
hhCuts (incision): stitches
•• Nosebleeds, insect stings, contact poisoning
hhSunburn, hot weather cramps, heat exhaustion, heat stroke,
­ angrene
skin cancer; frostbite, hypothermia, g
hhAt
Growth & Fitness
•• Your changing body:
hhUterine
development: egg, sperm, cell division, womb, placenta,
umbilical cord
hhBody growth and development: motor skills
hhCells, tissues, organs, systems:
hh Parts of a cell: cell membrane, cytoplasm, nucleus, organelles, chromatin
hhBody regulators
hhEndocrine system: hormones, endocrine glands
hhPituitary gland: growth h
­ ormone
hhThyroid gland: controls metabolism
hhAdrenal glands: adrenaline
hhGonads: reproduction
hhPineal gland: time awareness
hhIslets of Langerhans: insulin, glucagon
•• Maintaining an active lifestyle:
hhBody systems: skeletal, muscular, circulatory, respiratory, and n
­ ervous
systems
•• Importance of good nutrition: balanced diet, vitamins, minerals
•• Physical fitness needed:
•• Circulatory system: aerobic exercises
•• Respiratory system: alveoli, diaphragm
•• Muscular system:
hhAtrophic muscles, origin and insertion points
•• Muscle names
hhSkeletal system:
hhTypes of bones, marrow:
hhCartilage connectors: immovable, slightly movable, and freely
movable joints
98
Health cont. p. 99
Sixth Grade
Health cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Nervous system:
Growth & Fitness cont.
hhCentral
nervous system:
brain:
hhCerebrum: right and left hemisphere, short- and long-term memory
hhCerebellum: balance and movements
hhBrain stem: involuntary muscle activity
hhSpinal cord: carries messages, reflex actions
•• Peripheral nervous system:
•• Involuntary actions
hhSpinal and cranial nerves
•• Nerves and senses:
hhSensory and motor nerve fibers; sensory receptors, olfactory nerves
•• Taste buds
hhParts of the ear: eustachian tube, semicircular canals
hhParts of the eye:
hhSclera, cornea, conjunctiva, rods and cones, eye sockets
•• Optic nerve
•• Drug use and abuse:
•• Use of drugs:
•• Helpful drugs, antibiotics
hhPrescription, sulfa drugs, penicillin; general and local anesthetics
hhNarcotic and non-narcotic a
­ nalgesics
•• Abuse of drugs:
hhHarmful drugs:
hhNarcotic, addiction, drug tolerance
hhMarijuana: hallucinations
hhInhalants
hhCocaine: stimulant, crack cocaine
hhNicotine: tar, carcinogen, c
­ arbon monoxide, secondhand smoke,
chewing tobacco, snuff
hhAlcohol: depressant, e
­ thanol, alcoholism
•• Spiritual life: spiritual food, spiritual exercise, spiritual rest
hhTotal
workout: 14 fitness exercises include warm-ups and
stretches, aerobic workout, and aerobic cool-down
hhThe
A Healthy Mind & Body
•• Your body’s defenses:
•• Immunity and disease-causing microorganisms:
hhImmune
system
•• Microbes, viruses, bacteria
hhIntegumentary
system:
•• Skin layers, mucus membrane, cilia
hhHydrochloric
acid, lysozyme
system:
hhTissue fluid, lymph capillaries, lymph ­vessels, lymph nodes,
­lymphocytes, Peyer’s patches, spleen, ­thymus
•• Protein products:
•• Disease fighters: antibodies
•• Protection through prevention:
•• Vaccines:
hhPolio epidemic
•• Healthful foods:
•• Prevent rickets, osteoporosis
hhPrevent scurvy
•• Rest and sleep, daily exercise
hhCleanliness: prevent acne; derma­tologist
hhGod’s Word on disease: attitude, morality and AIDS, the wonder
of God’s glory
hhLymphatic
Bible
DanieL

Flash-a-Card

Sixth graders are looking for heroes, and they will find many to pattern their lives after as they
study such outstanding Old Testament figures as Daniel, Elijah, and Esther. They will also learn
many important values by studying stories such as the parables of Jesus. These stories teach
students about being compassionate, having faith in God’s provision, knowing that God still
loves His wayward children, anticipating Christ’s return, and praying for specific things. Those attributes are just a few important truths that each sixth grader will learn and can apply to his life.
Evaluation
•• Graded memory verse
passages (8)
•• Content tests (5)
6 Lessons • 32 Cards
1 Daniel’s Daring Decision
2 Nebuchadnezzar’s Dream of
World Empires
3 Deliverance from the Fiery
Furnace
4 The Humbling of
Nebuchadnezzar
5 The Handwriting on the Wall
6 Daniel in the Lions’ Den
Lesson Guide Included
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Lessons
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Music
435 A Beka Flash-a-Cards
54 songs
•• Choruses, hymns of the faith, and holiday and patriotic songs including:
•• Salvation Series (5 lessons)
•• Life of Christ Series (36): First Christmas; Boyhood and Early
hh20
Ministry of Jesus; Jesus Heals and Helps; Later Ministry of Jesus;
Crucifixion and Resurrection
•• Parables of Jesus Series 1 and 2 (12)
•• Elijah (6); Daniel (6); Esther (5); Ezra and Nehemiah (7)
•• The First Thanksgiving
new hymns and songs; 8 new choruses
Memory Work
hh New
individual verses (13); passages (9) containing 31 verses
•• Review verses (86)
99
Bible cont. p. 100
Sixth Grade
Bible cont.
Doctrinal Drill
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Prayer Time
60 questions/answers
•• Increase Bible knowledge of basic doctrines: the Bible, God, sin,
•• Learn to pray with thanks­giving for each other, our nation, those in
salvation, heaven, assurance of salvation
•• 8 questions with verses to ­memorize as answers
authority over us
Sword Drills
•• Learn to quickly find 114 Old and New Testament references
Music
Songs We Enjoy 6 brings together traditional, patriotic, holiday, and fun songs that have become
a part of our American heritage. Historical and cultural information, definitions for unfamiliar
words, and other enrichment ideas are included throughout this book. The sing-along CD makes
song time easy for the teacher and enjoyable for the students.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
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Skills Development 6 6 songs
•• Improve coordination skills with songs that require hand motions
•• Learn historical facts through patriotic, folk, and Americana songs
hh Define
Variety of Songs to Memorize
•• Follow a song leader while singing with class or CD
and understand 37 unfamiliar words and phrases in lyrics
•• Sing in rounds and echo sing; sing with dynamic contrasts
•• Folk, patriotic, ­Americana, fun, holiday, songs at sea, spirituals, and hymns
Arts & Crafts
Third Edition
watercolor techniques
Basic drawing and painting techniques,
color concepts, and perspective
colored-pencil
rendering
tissue
collage

drawing
people
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Added Enrichment
Art C encourages students to keep drawing and creating their own works of art.
As they follow the step-by-step format, students will be excited with their increasing
ability to draw. They will learn new art concepts such as two-point perspective
and composition. In addition to using mixed media to create collages and threedimensional sculptures, students will use colored pencils and watercolor paints or
markers. Students will also become acquainted with different styles of art by studying the work of accomplished artists.
6
6
•• Introduction to influential artists:
N. C. Wyeth, Adam Clague, Thomas
Sully, Bonnie Kwan Huo, and Brian Jekel
•• Art forms: woodcut, origami, abstract,
calligraphy, collage, still life, and landscapes
•• Introduction to popular prints and works




ART SERIES
Skill & Concept Development
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Technique Development
38 projects
•• Drawing:
•• Sketching, shading, shapes (4)
•• Value (12)
hh Perspective:
one- and two-point; foreshortening (7)
facial, body; size distance relations (6)
•• Analogous, primary, secondary, and intermediate hues (17)
•• Complements (3)
hh Composition (3)
•• Symmetry (2)
hh Mood: using color (1)
hhFigures
hh Proportion:
(1)
•• Animated expression and cartoons (1)
hhOverlapping
•• Enlarging (1)
(1)
•• Modeling:
hhMixed-media
shaping (5)
•• Painting:
•• Washes, watercolors (4)
hhMasks
(2)
•• Resists (1)
hhStreaking,
dabbing (3)
•• Spattering (2)
hhDry
brushing (2)
•• Chalking (2)
100
English
Grade 7
Grammar & Composition Grade 7
GRAMMAR
Composition
and
GRAMMAR and Composition I
´-xC#®¨
13883503
I
WORK-TEXT
Fifth Edition
Students will learn to recognize the different parts of speech, fit these parts of speech together to
form sentences, join sentences together to make paragraphs, and organize paragraphs into compositions. They will also learn to develop complete and orderly thoughts and to communicate those
thoughts clearly and concisely, so that they can use God’s gift of language effectively.




Grammar and Composition I purposes: to emphasize the orderly structure of our language and
train students to use the English language effectively. The Christian perspective of this textbook
promotes standards of correct grammar and usage, equipping students with the tools they need to
become effective communicators in both speaking and writing.
Language Series
Added Enrichment
•• English teaching transparencies
•• Review games
•• Grammar Court procedures explained
Evaluation
•• Grammar quizzes (21)
•• Optional (graded at teacher discretion):
•• Tests (8), 9-weeks exam (2)
•• Original poems, character sketches
•• Semester exam, final exam
•• Narratives (imaginative and first person)
•• Compositions:
•• Patriotic pledge, full book report
•• Summary (3)
•• Book reports: full (2), short (2), oral (1)
•• Description, research paper, friendly letter (1 each)
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Colons:
•• Before a list of items
•• Between:
•• Chapter and verse of Bible reference
•• Hour and minute of time reference
•• After salutation of a business letter
•• Italics: for titles of books, magazines, newspapers, plays, works of
Grammar
•• Capitalization:
•• Proper nouns and words formed from proper nouns:
•• Particular persons, places, things
•• Words referring to Deity and Holy Scripture
•• Words from proper nouns
•• Common noun or adjective when part of proper name
•• Titles of persons, titles of works
•• First word of every sentence
•• Pronoun I and interjection O
•• First word of every line of poetry
•• Punctuation:
•• End marks:
•• Period for declarative sentences and abbreviations
•• Question mark for interrogative sentences
•• Exclamation point for exclamatory sentences
•• Commas:
•• Before a coordinating conjunction joining two independent
art, ships, trains, aircraft, and spacecraft
•• Hyphens:
•• To divide a word at the end of line
•• In compound numbers
•• In fractions used as adjectives
•• Quotation Marks:
•• In a direct quotation
•• To enclose titles of short poems, songs, chapters, articles, and
other parts of books or magazines
•• Apostrophes:
•• To form possessive case of nouns
•• To show omissions from words
•• With s to form plurals of letters, numbers, signs, and words
clauses
•• To indicate:
•• Omissions or avoid possible misreading
•• Nonessential elements in a sentence:
••Appositive and appositive phrase
••Direct address
••Well, yes, no, or why
••Parenthetical expressions
hhTo
used as words
•• The sentence:
•• Definition of sentence
•• Kinds of sentences classified by purpose: declarative, imperative,
interrogative, exclamatory
•• Recognizing subjects and verbs: complete subject, simple sub-
ject, complete predicate, simple predicate, and verb phrase
set off introductory phrases or clauses
•• Overcoming problems locating subjects and verbs:
•• Finding:
•• Subject in an inverted sentence: interrogative sentence,
•• In dates and addresses
•• After salutations and closings of letters
•• Semicolons:
•• Between independent clauses:
•• If not using coordinating conjunction
•• Joined by:
hhTransitional
sentence beginning with there or here
•• Subject of an imperative sentence
•• Verb phrase that is interrupted by other words
•• Diagraming subjects and verbs
•• Recognizing and diagraming compound subjects and verbs
•• Locating complements
words
••Coordinating conjunction if clauses already contain
commas
101
Grammar & Comp. cont. p. 102
English
Grade 7
Grammar & Composition cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Adjectives:
•• Recognizing and diagraming:
•• Adjectives and proper adjectives
Grammar cont.
•• The sentence cont.:
•• Correcting fragments and run-on sentences
•• Sentence structure:
hhDefining
hhParticiples
•• Distinguishing adjectives from nouns and pronouns
•• Recognizing and diagraming predicate adjectives
•• Using and diagraming:
•• Prepositional phrases as adjectives
dependent and independent clauses
•• Recognizing and diagraming:
•• Simple and compound sentences
hhComplex
and compound-complex sentences
hhParticipial
phrases as adjectives
clauses
•• Placing and punctuating adjective modifiers
•• Using adjectives in comparison
•• Avoiding double comparison and double negatives
•• Using exact and vivid adjectives
•• Adverbs:
•• Recognizing and digraming adverbs
•• Distinguishing adverbs from adjectives
•• Using and diagraming:
•• Prepositional phrases as adverbs
hhAdverb clauses
•• Correct placement of adverb modifiers
•• Using: adverbs in comparison, exact and vivid adverbs
•• Prepositions:
•• Recognizing prepositions, prepositional phrases, and
objects of prepositions
•• Distinguishing between prepositions and adverbs
•• Using prepositions correctly
•• Conjunctions:
•• Recognizing:
•• Coordinating and correlative conjunctions
hhSubordinating conjunctions
•• Interjections
•• Parts of speech:
•• Recognizing eight parts of speech
•• Verbs:
•• Recognizing action, linking, and helping verbs
hhDistinguishing
hhAdjective
verbs from verbals (participles)
•• Using principal parts of verbs
•• Regular verb endings
•• Irregular verbs
•• Using correct principal parts
hhVerb
tense
consistent verb tense
•• Avoid incorrect verb forms
•• Use troublesome verbs correctly and avoid verb usage
errors
•• Use exact and vivid verbs
•• Nouns:
•• Recognizing nouns: compound, common, and proper
hhRecognizing collective nouns
•• Keeping agreement of subject and verb
•• Recognizing nouns as predicate nominatives, direct objects,
indirect objects, objects of prepositions, direct address
•• Diagraming nouns as predicate nominatives, direct objects,
indirect objects, objects of prepositions
hhRecognizing and diagraming nouns as appositives
•• Using exact and vivid nouns
•• Pronouns:
•• Antecedents
•• Recognizing:
•• Personal, interrogative, demonstrative, indefinite, compound
hhRelative pronouns
•• Keeping agreement of verbs and indefinite pronoun subjects
•• Nominative case:
•• For subjects and predicate nominatives
hhFor appositives of subjects and appositives of predicate
nominatives
•• Objective case:
•• For direct objects, indirect objects, and objects of prepositions
hhFor appositives of direct objects, indirect objects, objects
of prepositions
•• Possessive case
hhUsing
Composition
hhManuscript
form: abbreviations, numbers
•• Manuscript form: titles
•• The library: Dewey Decimal System, Library of Congress Clas-
sification System, using the catalog and reference section
hhSummaries
(3)
•• Outline (4):
•• Topical outline
•• Sentence outline
•• Format of outline
hhParallelism
in an outline
•• Steps to preparing an outline
•• Book reports:
•• Preparing:
•• Written book reports including introduction, body, conclusion
•• Oral book reports: written preparation and oral presentation
•• Introducing paragraphs:
•• Topic sentence
•• Summarizing sentence
•• Paragraph development with details
•• Paragraph unity
•• Paragraph coherence:
•• Chronological order, order of importance, and transitional
expressions
order, pronoun reference, and repetition
hhSpace
102
Grammar & Comp. cont. p. 103
English
Grade 7
Grammar & Composition cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Rewriting the paper:
•• Check:
•• Organization, introduction, and conclusion
Composition cont.
hhWriting
descriptions about persons, places, and things (13):
point of view, careful selection of details, arrangement
of details, use of exact nouns and verbs
•• The Writing Process: plan, write, rewrite, edit
•• Research paper:
•• Planning the paper: selecting subject, finding sources, writing
­bibliography cards, making a preliminary outline, taking notes,
writing note cards, avoiding plagiarism
•• Writing the paper: introduction, body
hhUsing parenthetical citations
hhSteps:
hhUnity,
coherence, and citations
•• Editing the paper: check each paragraph, sentence, word; capitali­
zation and punctuation
works cited page
hhTyping the paper
hhDocumenting the research paper
hhImproving writing style: correct a choppy or monotonous style
•• Writing Letters:
•• Friendly: letter parts, thank-you note, bread-and-butter note
hhBusiness: letter parts, order letter, request letter
hhPreparing
Vocabulary, Spelling, Poetry Grade 7
7
VOCABULARY, SPELLING , Poetry
SPELLING
Poetry
I
I
Fifth Edition
Vocabulary, Spelling, Poetry I emphasizes the application of spelling rules to lists of challenging words
and the utilization of an expanded vocabulary. All of the spelling words are practical, and many are
words that are frequently misspelled. A majority of the vocabulary words are taken from the stories
in Of People. The goals of poetry recitation and memorization are an enjoyment and appreciation of
poetic beauty and excellence.

Added Enrichment


13887801

´-xn!1¨


Language Series
•• Spelling and vocabulary:
•• Spelling and vocabulary lists (28)
•• Review games
•• Each vocabulary word includes:
•• Pronunciation, part of speech
•• Definition, sample sentence
•• Pronunciation key
•• Teacher resource: vocabulary mastery
including review list at end of each
9 weeks:
•• Spelling words (480)
•• Vocabulary words (168)
•• Organized by spelling rules, suffixes,
sentences
­homonyms, compound words, and •• Poetry: CD included to help with correct
commonly misspelled words
interpretation
•• Practice exercises (60)
Evaluation
•• Spelling and vocabulary quizzes:
•• Weekly (24)
•• Quarterly review (1 each 9 weeks;
each counts as 2 quiz grades)
•• Poetry quizzes:
•• Written (7)
•• Oral (1)
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Apply spelling and phonics concepts through daily teacher-
Spelling & Vocabulary Skills Development
directed oral practice and independent written practice
hhMaster
spelling and vocabulary lists that include:
hhVocabulary words and definitions
hhWords that follow the spelling rules
hhSound-alike suffixes
hhCommonly misspelled words
hhHomonyms
•• Use vocabulary words in sentences and in proper context
•• Memorize vocabulary definitions
•• Be able to identify commonly misspelled words
hhLearn:
hhAntonyms
and synonyms of vocabulary words
distinguish between homophones
hhPractical spelling tips and suggestions by studying Keys to
Good Spelling
•• Spelling rules:
•• Use i before e, except after c, or when sounded like long a
•• Double a final consonant before adding a suffix beginning
with a vowel
hhTo
103
Vocabulary, Spelling, Poetry cont. p. 104
English
Grade 7
Vocabulary, Spelling, Poetry cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Spelling & Vocabulary Skills Development cont.
Poetry Skills Development
•• Spelling rules cont.:
•• Change y to i when adding suffixes
•• Drop the silent e before adding a suffix beginning with a
hhMemorize
7 lyrical poems and 1 hymn
•• Develop appreciation of poetry
•• Lay foundation for future literature study
•• Perform in front of an audience
•• Recite in unison
•• Use appropriate expression and volume
•• Increase vocabulary
•• Demonstrate comprehension of emotion and content
•• Develop a mental visualization of the poem
•• Discuss meaning and purpose of poems
•• Use proper observation of punctuation
vowel
•• Learn exceptions to the spelling rules
hhCreating
a compound word doesn’t change the spelling of
the two parts
hhAdding a prefix to a word doesn’t change the word’s spelling
Literature Grade 7
7
7
Fourth Edition
´-y0!G¨
Of People features stories and poems that can help students increase their understanding of
themselves and others. Students will gain exposure to people of different ages, nationalities, races,
cultures, and economic levels to develop a better understanding of people’s motives and feelings and
to recognize the consequences of particular actions. Students will also become familiar with classics
such as A Christmas Carol, Robinson Crusoe, Don Quixote, and Of Plymouth Plantation.


13891601


Language Series
Literary Value
•• 93 authors, including well-known writers such as
Added Enrichment
•• Footnotes define and explain unfamiliar words
Louisa May Alcott, John Bunyan, Charles Dickens, •• Comprehension and discussion questions after
Robert Frost, and ­Longfellow
•• Prose selections (50), poems (63), plays (4)
•• Character-building themes such as personal
sacrifice, importance of family, admitting one’s
mistakes, and hard-work ethics
selections
•• Character-building quotations and verses
throughout
Evaluation
•• Speed and comprehension quizzes (15)
•• Homework reading quizzes (8)
•• Tests (8), 9-weeks exam (2)
•• Semester exam, final exam
•• Introductory paragraphs for interest and back-
ground information
•• Review games
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Reading Skills Development
Comprehension, Discussion, & Analysis
Skills Development
hhBe
•• Answer factual, interpretive, and inferential comprehension and
•• Develop skills in reading speed and comprehension
•• Further develop oral reading skills
hhDevelop
able to identify significant quotations and the selection in which
they are featured
•• Increase vocabulary
proper discernment according to the truths of Scripture
discussion questions
•• Improve ability to use deductive reasoning, understand cause and
effect, and draw conclusions
appreciation for good literature and a love of reading
hhBuild
104
English
Grade 8
Grammar & Composition Grade 8
Two vital abilities, the ability to express one’s ideas creatively as well as correctly and the ability to
comprehend and interpret the written word skillfully, are built upon the elements which are included in
English 8. Grammar and Composition II builds upon the skills learned in earlier grammar studies providing
foundational practice of proper grammar and developing the basic composition skills used in outlining,
summarizing, describing, researching, and letter-writing. Students will also be introduced to new grammar
rules and new editing techniques that will allow them to expand their writing skills.
Added Enrichment
•• English teaching transparencies
•• Review games
•• Grammar Court procedures explained
Evaluation
•• Grammar quizzes (22)
•• Tests (8), 9-weeks exam (2)
•• Semester exam, final exam
•• Compositions:
•• Book reports: full (2), oral (1)
•• Paragraphs (2), description (1)
•• Research paper (1)
•• Optional (graded at teacher discretion):
•• Comparison, descriptions
•• Narratives (true, descriptive)
•• Newspaper articles, original poems
•• Paragraph, limerick, missionary letter
•• Short book reports, characteristic essay
•• Character sketches, journal entries
•• Essay answer
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Semicolons:
•• Between independent clauses:
•• If not using coordinating conjunction
•• Joined by:
••Transitional words
••Coordinating conjunction if clauses already contain
Grammar
•• Capitalization:
•• Proper nouns and words formed from proper nouns:
•• Particular persons, places, things:
hhPolitical
and economic organizations and alliances
•• Words referring to Deity and Holy Scripture
•• Words from proper nouns
•• Common noun or adjective when part of proper name
commas
items in a series if the items contain commas
•• Colons:
•• Before a list of items
hhTo introduce a formally announced statement or quotation
•• Between:
•• Chapter and verse of Bible reference
•• Hour and minute of time reference
•• After salutation of a business letter
•• Italics:
•• For titles of books, magazines, newspapers, plays, works of
art, ships, trains, aircraft, and spacecraft
hhFor words, letters, numbers referred to as such
hhFor foreign words or phrases
•• Hyphens:
•• To divide a word at the end of line
•• In compound numbers
•• In fractions used as adjectives
hhIn prefixes before a proper noun or adjective
hhIn compound adjectives before a noun
•• Quotation Marks:
•• In a direct quotation
•• To enclose:
•• Titles of short poems, songs, chapters, articles, and other
parts of books or magazines
hhA quoted passage of more than one paragraph: at the
beginning of each paragraph and at the end of the last
paragraph
hhBetween
•• Titles of persons, titles of works
•• First word of every sentence
•• Pronoun I and interjection O
•• First word of every line of poetry
•• Punctuation:
•• End marks:
•• Period for declarative sentences and abbreviations
•• Question mark for interrogative sentences
•• Exclamation point for exclamatory sentences
•• Commas:
•• Before a coordinating conjunction joining two independent
clauses
•• To indicate:
•• Omissions or avoid possible misreading
•• Nonessential elements in a sentence:
••Appositive and appositive phrase
hhParticipial
phrase
and adverb clauses
••Direct address
••Well, yes, no, or why
••Parenthetical expressions
•• To set off introductory phrases or clauses
•• In dates and addresses
•• After salutations and closings of letters
hhAdjective
105
Grammar & Comp. cont. p. 106
English
Grade 8
Grammar & Composition cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Verb tenses:
Grammar cont.
hhUsing
•• Apostrophes:
•• To form:
•• Possessive case of nouns
progressive and emphatic forms
•• Using consistent verb tense
hhUsing
active and passive voice
•• Avoid incorrect verb forms
•• Use troublesome verbs correctly and avoid verb usage
hhIndividual
possession within a group
hhPossessive case of indefinite pronouns
•• To show omissions from words
•• With s to form plurals of letters, numbers, signs, and
words used as words
hhDashes:
hhAfter a series of words or phrases giving details about a
statement that follows
hhTo indicate an abrupt change or break in a sentence
hhTo set off parenthetical elements or confidential comments
hhParentheses: to enclose parenthetical elements
•• The sentence:
•• Definition of sentence
•• Kinds of sentences classified by purpose: declarative,
imperative, interrogative, exclamatory
•• Recognizing subjects and verbs: complete subject, simple
subject, complete predicate, simple predicate, and verb
phrase
•• Overcoming problems locating subjects and verbs:
•• Finding:
•• Subject in an inverted sentence: interrogative sentence,
sentence beginning with there or here
•• Subject of an imperative sentence
•• Verb phrase that is interrupted by other words
•• Diagraming subjects and verbs
•• Recognizing and diagraming compound subjects and verbs
•• Recognizing complements
•• Correcting fragments and run-on sentences
•• Sentence structure:
•• Defining dependent and independent clauses
•• Recognizing and diagraming simple, compound, complex,
and compound-complex sentences
hhRecognizing noun clauses used as subjects of independent
clauses
•• Parts of speech:
•• Recognizing eight parts of speech
•• Verbs:
•• Recognizing action, linking, and helping verbs:
hhAction: transitive and intransitive verbs
•• Distinguishing verbs from verbals:
•• Participles
hhGerunds and infinitives
•• Using:
•• Principal parts of verbs
•• Regular verb endings, irregular verbs
•• Correct principal parts
errors
•• Use exact and vivid verbs:
hhChoosing
exact verbs instead of verb-adverb combinations
•• Nouns:
•• Recognizing nouns: compound, common, proper, and collective
hhGerunds
•• Keeping agreement of subject and verb:
hhWords ending in -ics as subjects may be singular or plural
•• Recognizing nouns as predicate nominatives, direct
objects, indirect objects, objects of prepositions, direct
address, and appositives
hhGerund phrases
•• Diagraming nouns as predicate nominatives, direct
objects, indirect objects, objects of prepositions, and
appositives:
hhDiagraming:
••Compound verb with separate direct objects
hhCompound verb with same direct object
hhNouns as direct address
hhGerund phrases
•• Using exact and vivid nouns
•• Pronouns:
•• Antecedents
•• Recognizing personal, interrogative, demonstrative, indefinite, compound, relative
•• Keeping agreement of verbs and indefinite pronoun subjects
hhMaking pronouns agree with their antecedents in number
and in gender
•• Nominative case:
•• For subjects, predicate nominatives, appositives of subjects, and appositives of predicate nominatives
hhFor appositives to subjects and appositives to predicate
nominatives
•• Objective case:
•• For direct objects, indirect objects, and objects of prepositions and for appositives of direct objects, indirect
objects, objects of prepositions
hhFor appositives to direct objects, indirect objects,
objects of prepositions
•• Possessive case
hhUsing correct case for who, whom, whoever, and whomever and in incomplete clauses beginning with than or as
hhAvoid pronoun usage problems: double subject, possessive case before a gerund
106
Grammar & Comp. cont. p. 107
English
Grade 8
Grammar & Composition cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Grammar cont.
Composition
•• Adjectives:
•• Recognizing and diagraming adjectives:
•• Participles and proper adjectives
hhInfinitives
•• Manuscript form: abbreviations, numbers, titles
•• The library: Dewey Decimal System, Library of Congress Clas-
sification System, using the catalog and reference section
•• Summaries (3)
•• Book reports:
•• Preparing:
•• Written book reports including introduction, body, conclu-
as adjectives
•• Distinguishing adjectives from nouns and pronouns
•• Recognizing and diagraming predicate adjectives:
•• Diagraming compound verbs with one predicate adjec-
sion
tive and separate predicate adjectives
•• Oral book reports: written preparation and oral presenta-
•• Using and diagraming:
•• Prepositional and participial phrases as adjectives
hhInfinitive
tion
•• Outline (5):
•• Topical and sentence outlines
•• Format of outline
•• Parallelism in an outline
•• Steps to preparing an outline
•• Introducing paragraphs (11):
•• Topic sentence
•• Summarizing sentence
•• Paragraph development:
•• Development by examples, incidents, and reasons
•• Paragraph unity
•• Paragraph coherence: chronological order, order of impor-
phrases as adjectives
•• Adjective clauses
•• Placing and punctuating adjective modifiers
•• Using adjectives in comparison
•• Avoiding double comparison and double negatives:
hhSupplying
necessary words in comparison
•• Using exact and vivid adjectives
•• Adverbs:
•• Recognizing and digraming adverbs
hhInfinitives
as adverbs
•• Distinguishing adverbs from adjectives
•• Using and diagraming:
•• Prepositional phrases as adverbs
hhInfinitive
tance, transitional expressions, space order, pronoun
reference, and repetition
•• Writing descriptions about persons, places, and things (14):
•• Steps: point of view, careful selection of details, arrangement of details, use of exact nouns and verbs
•• The Writing Process: plan, write, rewrite, edit
•• Research paper:
•• Planning the paper: selecting subject, finding sources,
writing bibliography cards, making a preliminary outline,
taking notes, writing note cards, avoiding plagiarism
•• Writing the paper: introduction, body
•• Using parenthetical citations
•• Rewriting the paper: check organization, introduction,
conclusion, unity, coherence, and citations
•• Editing the paper: check each paragraph, sentence, word;
capitali­zation and punctuation
•• Preparing works cited page
•• Typing the paper
•• Documentation for research paper
•• Improving writing style
•• Correct a choppy or monotonous style:
•• Begin sentence with an adverb, adverb phrase, adverb
clause, or participial phrase
hhBegin sentence with an adjective, participle, prepositional phrase, or infinitive phrase
phrases as adverbs
•• Adverb clauses:
hhElliptical
clauses
•• Correct placement of adverb modifiers
hhDistinguishing
dependent clauses
•• Using adverbs in comparison
•• Using exact and vivid adverbs
•• Prepositions:
•• Recognizing prepositions, prepositional phrases, and
objects of prepositions
•• Distinguishing between prepositions and adverbs
•• Using prepositions correctly
•• Conjunctions: recognizing coordinating, correlative, and
subordinating conjunctions
•• Interjections
107
English
Grade 8
Vocabulary, Spelling, Poetry Grade 8
VOCABULARY, SPELLING, Poetry II
VOCABULARY
Vocabulary, Spelling, Poetry II emphasizes using an expanded vocabulary and applying spelling
rules when analyzing challenging words. The goals of poetry memorization and recitation are
an enjoyment and appreciation of poetic beauty and excellence.
SPELLING
Poetry
Fifth Edition
Added Enrichment

´-sO#9¨


13834703

LANGUAGE SERIES
•• Each vocabulary word includes:
•• Pronunciation, part of speech
including review list at end of each 9 weeks: •• Definition, sample sentence
•• Pronunciation key
•• Spelling words (560)
•• CD includes a reading of the vocabulary
•• Vocabulary words (280)
words and definitions and sample
•• Organized by spelling rules, suffixes,
•• Spelling and vocabulary:
•• Spelling and vocabulary lists (32)
­ omonyms, compound words, and comh
monly misspelled words
•• Practice exercises (68) including
crossword puzzles
•• Review games
Evaluation
•• Spelling and vocabulary quizzes:
•• Weekly (24)
•• Quarterly review (1 each 9 weeks;
each counts as 2 quiz grades)
•• Poetry quizzes: written (7), oral (2)
sentences
•• Teacher resource: vocabulary mastery
­sentences
•• Poetry: CD included to help with interpretation
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Spelling & Vocabulary Skills Development
Poetry Skills Development
hhMemorize
hhMaster
spelling and vocabulary lists including:
hhVocabulary words and definitions
hhWords that follow the spelling rules
hhCommonly misspelled words
hhHomonyms
•• Use vocabulary words in sentences and in proper context
•• Memorize vocabulary definitions
•• Be able to identify commonly misspelled words
•• Apply spelling and phonics concepts through daily teacherdirected oral practice and independent written practice
•• Learn:
•• Antonyms and synonyms of vocabulary words
•• To distinguish between homophones
•• Practical spelling tips and suggestions by studying Keys to
Good Spelling
•• Spelling rules:
•• Use i before e, except after c, or when sounded like long a
•• Double a final consonant before adding a suffix beginning
with a vowel
•• Change y to i when adding suffixes
•• Drop the silent e before adding a suffix beginning with a
vowel
•• Learn exceptions to the spelling rules
•• Creating a compound word doesn’t change the spelling of
the two parts
•• Adding a prefix to a word doesn’t change the word’s spelling
9 lyrical poems
•• Develop appreciation of poetry
•• Lay foundation for future literature study
•• Perform in front of an audience
•• Recite in unison
•• Use appropriate expression and volume
•• Increase vocabulary
•• Demonstrate comprehension of emotion and content
•• Develop a mental visualization of the poem
•• Discuss meaning and purpose of poems
•• Use proper observation of punctuation
108
English
Grades 8–9
Literature Grade 8
Of Places uses young people’s interest in other places to teach Christian character traits such as
compassion, courage, and understanding. Not only will students gain exposure to people of different ages,
nationalities, races, cultures, and economic levels through a variety of literary selections, but they will also
learn to enjoy reading wholesome literature. Many of the selections in Of Places were written by famous
authors and are well-known classics that are an important part of a student’s education. Of Places features
excerpts from classics such as Up from Slavery, The Jungle Book, Ben Hur, and The Legend of Sleepy Hollow.
Literary Value
Added Enrichment
Emily Dickinson, L. M. Montgomery, Carl Sandburg, and Booker T. Washington
•• Prose selections (46), poems (48), and play (1)
•• Character-building themes such as personal
sacrifice, importance of family, admitting one’s
mistakes, and hard-work ethics
•• Character-building quotations and verses
•• Introductory paragraphs for interest and
•• 83 authors, including well-known writers such as
•• Footnotes define and explain unfamiliar words
•• Comprehension and discussion questions after
selections
Evaluation
•• Speed and comprehension quizzes (19)
•• Homework reading quizzes (13)
•• Tests (8), 9-weeks exam (2)
•• Semester exam, final exam
background information
•• Review games
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Reading Skills Development
Comprehension, Discussion, & Analysis
Skills Development
•• Develop skills in reading speed and comprehension
•• Further develop oral reading skills
•• Be able to identify significant quotations and the selections in which
•• Develop proper discernment according to the truths of Scripture
•• Answer factual, interpretive, and inferential comprehension and dis-
they are featured
cussion questions
•• Increase vocabulary
hhRecognize
•• Improve ability to use deductive reasoning, understand cause and
effect, and draw conclusions
the different settings in the selections
•• Build appreciation for good literature and a love of reading
Grammar & Composition Grade 9
9
Grammar & Composition
Two vital abilities, the ability to express one’s ideas creatively as well as correctly and the ability to comprehend and interpret the written word skillfully, are built upon the elements studied in English 9. Grammar and
Composition III provides foundational practice of proper grammar and develops the basic composition skills
utilized in outlining, summarizing, researching, and writing a variety of expositions, letters, and essay answers.
Fifth Edition
III
´-rZ!P¨
13825801
Added Enrichment




LANGUAGE SERIES
•• English teaching transparencies
•• Review games
Evaluation
•• Optional (graded at teacher discretion):
•• Grammar quizzes (29)
•• Narratives (true), historic paragraph
•• Tests (8), 9-weeks exam (2)
•• Semester exam, final exam
•• Magazine preview, original poems, outline
•• Compositions:
•• Description, character sketches, summary
•• Book reports: full (2), oral (1)
•• Play scene, short book reports, newspaper articles
•• Paragraph, description (1 each)
•• Essays: short formal, full formal, comparison and
•• Research paper (1)
contrast, personal
•• Definitions
•• Thank-you note, business letter, p
­ aragraph
109
Grammar & Comp. cont. p. 110
English
Grade 9
Grammar & Composition cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Grammar
•• Hyphens:
•• To divide a word at the end of line
•• In compound numbers
•• In fractions used as adjectives
•• In prefixes before a proper noun or adjective
•• In compound adjectives before a noun
•• Quotation marks:
•• In a direct quotation
•• To enclose:
•• Titles of short poems, songs, chapters, articles, and other parts
•• Capitalization:
•• Proper nouns and words formed from proper nouns:
•• Particular persons, places, things
•• Political and economic organizations and alliances
•• Words referring to Deity and Holy Scripture
•• Words from proper nouns
•• Common noun or adjective when part of proper name
•• Titles of persons, titles of works
•• First word of every sentence
•• Pronoun I and interjection O
•• First word of every line of poetry
•• Punctuation:
•• End marks:
•• Period:
•• For declarative sentences and abbreviations
hhFor
of books or magazines
•• A quoted passage of more than one paragraph: at the beginning
of each paragraph and at the end of the last paragraph
•• Apostrophes:
•• To form:
•• Possessive case of nouns
•• Individual possession within a group
•• Possessive case of indefinite pronouns
•• To show omissions from words
•• With s to form plurals of letters, numbers, signs, and words used as
indirect question and polite request
•• Question mark for interrogative sentences
•• Exclamation point for exclamatory sentences
•• Commas:
•• Before a coordinating conjunction joining two independent clauses
•• To indicate:
•• Omissions or avoid possible misreading
•• Nonessential elements in a sentence:
••Appositive and appositive phrase
••Participial phrase
••Adjective and adverb clauses
••Direct address
••Well, yes, no, or why
••Parenthetical expressions
•• To set off introductory phrases or clauses
•• In dates and addresses
•• After salutations and closings of letters
•• Semicolons:
•• Between independent clauses:
•• If not using coordinating conjunction
•• Joined by:
••Transitional words
••Coordinating conjunction if clauses already contain commas
•• Between items in a series if the items contain commas
•• Colons:
•• Before a list of items
•• To introduce a formally announced statement or quotation
•• Between:
•• Chapter and verse of Bible reference
•• Hour and minute of time reference
•• After salutation of a business letter
•• Italics:
•• For titles of books, magazines, newspapers, plays, works of art,
words
•• Dashes:
•• After a series of words or phrases giving details about a statement
that follows
•• To indicate an abrupt change or break in a sentence
•• To set off parenthetical elements or confidential comments
•• Parentheses:
•• To enclose:
•• Parenthetical elements
hhBrief
confirmatory information
•• The sentence:
•• Definition of sentence
•• Kinds of sentences classified by purpose: declarative, imperative,
interrogative, exclamatory
•• Recognizing subjects and verbs: complete subject, simple subject,
complete predicate, simple predicate, and verb phrase
•• Overcoming problems locating subjects and verbs:
•• Finding:
•• Subject in an inverted sentence: interrogative sentence, sentence
beginning with there or here
•• Subject of an imperative sentence
•• Verb phrase that is interrupted by other words
•• Diagraming subjects and verbs
•• Recognizing and diagraming compound subjects and verbs
•• Recognizing complements
•• Correcting fragments and run-on sentences:
•• Correcting run-ons by comma and coordinating conjunction
hhCorrecting
run-ons by semicolon or subordination
•• Sentence structure:
•• Defining dependent and independent clauses
•• Recognizing and diagraming simple, compound, complex, and
ships, trains, aircraft, and spacecraft
•• For words, letters, numbers referred to as such
•• For foreign words or phrases
compound-complex sentences
•• Recognizing noun clauses used as subjects of independent clauses
hhSentence
improvement:
subordination, active voice, parallelism, clear pronoun
reference
hhPlacement of modifiers
hhConciseness,
110
Grammar & Comp. cont. p. 111
English
Grade 9
Grammar & Composition cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Using and diagraming:
•• Prepositional, participial, and infinitive phrases as adjectives
•• Adjective clauses
•• Placing and punctuating adjective modifiers
•• Using adjectives in comparison
•• Avoiding double comparison and double negatives
•• Using exact and vivid adjectives
Grammar cont.
•• Parts of speech:
•• Recognizing eight parts of speech
•• Verbs:
•• Recognizing action (transitive and intransitive), linking, and helping
verbs
•• Distinguishing verbs from verbals: participles, gerunds, and infinitives
•• Using principal parts of verbs
•• Regular verb endings
•• Irregular verbs
•• Using correct principal parts
•• Verb tenses:
•• Progressive and emphatic forms
hhWhen
•• Adverbs:
•• Recognizing and diagraming adverbs
•• Infinitives as adverbs
•• Distinguishing adverbs from adjectives
•• Using and diagraming:
•• Prepositional and infinitive phrases as adverbs
•• Adverb clauses
•• Correct placement of adverb modifiers
•• Distinguishing dependent clauses:
to use the tenses
•• Using consistent verb tense
•• Active and passive voice
•• Avoid incorrect verb forms
•• Use troublesome verbs correctly and avoid verb usage errors
•• Use exact and vivid verbs
hhAdvanced
technique to determine dependent clauses as noun,
adjective, or adverb
•• Using: adverbs in comparison, exact and vivid adverbs
•• Prepositions:
•• Recognizing prepositions, prepositional phrases, and objects of
prepositions
•• Distinguishing between prepositions and adverbs
•• Using prepositions correctly
•• Conjunctions:
•• Recognizing coordinating, correlative, and subordinating conjunctions
hhUsing parallel structure
•• Interjections:
•• Definition
•• Punctuation with interjections
hhOther parts of speech used as interjections
hhDiagraming interjections
•• Nouns:
•• Recognizing nouns: compound, common, proper, and collective
•• Keeping agreement of subject and verb
•• Recognizing and diagraming nouns as predicate nominatives,
direct objects, indirect objects, objects of prepositions, direct
address, and appositives
hhUsing parallelism
•• Using exact and vivid nouns
•• Pronouns:
•• Antecedents
•• Recognizing personal, interrogative, demonstrative, indefinite,
compound, relative
•• Keeping agreement of verbs and indefinite pronoun subjects
•• Making pronouns agree with their antecedents in number and in
gender:
hhUsing expressions that agree with the object of the preposition
such as one of those who (which, that)
•• Nominative case:
•• For subjects, predicate nominatives
•• For appositives of subjects, appositives of predicate nominatives, appositives to subjects, and appositives to predicate
nominatives
•• Objective case:
•• For direct objects, indirect objects, objects of prepositions
•• For appositives of direct objects, indirect objects, objects of
prepositions
•• For appositives to direct objects, indirect objects, objects of
prepositions
•• Possessive case
•• Using correct case for who, whom, whoever, and whomever and
in incomplete clauses beginning with than or as
•• Avoid pronoun usage problems: double subject, possessive case
before a gerund
•• Adjectives:
•• Recognizing and diagraming adjectives: participles and proper
adjectives and infinitives as adjectives
•• Distinguishing adjectives from nouns and pronouns
•• Recognizing and diagraming predicate adjectives
Composition
•• Manuscript form: abbreviations, numbers, titles
•• The library: Dewey Decimal System, Library of Congress Classification
System, using the catalog and reference section
•• Introducing paragraphs (11):
•• Topic sentence
•• Summarizing sentence
•• Paragraph development by examples, incidents, and reasons
•• Paragraph unity
•• Paragraph coherence: chronological order, order of importance, tran-
sitional expressions, space order, pronoun reference, and repetition
•• Outline (3):
•• Topical and sentence outlines
•• Format of outline
•• Parallelism in an outline
•• Steps to preparing an outline
•• Book reports:
•• Preparing:
•• Written book reports including introduction, body, conclusion
•• Oral book reports: written preparation and oral presentation
•• Summaries
hhFormal
full-length essays (5):
for writing
hhComparison and contrast essay
hhPersonal essay
hhSteps
111
Grammar & Comp. cont. p. 112
English
Grade 9
Grammar & Composition cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Editing the paper: check each paragraph, sentence, word; capitali­
Composition cont.
hhFormal
zation and punctuation
short essays:
•• Preparing works cited page
•• Typing the paper
•• Documentation for research paper
•• Writing descriptions about persons, places, and things (7):
•• Steps: point of view, careful selection of details, arrangement of
details, use of exact nouns and verbs
•• Writing Letters:
•• Friendly: letter parts, thank-you note, bread-and-butter note
•• Business:
•• Letter parts, order letter, and request letter
•• The Writing Process: plan, write, rewrite, edit
•• Research paper:
•• Planning the paper: selecting subject, finding sources, writing bib-
liography cards, making a preliminary outline, taking notes, writing
note cards, avoiding plagiarism
•• Writing the paper: introduction, body
•• Using parenthetical citations
•• Rewriting the paper: check organization, introduction, conclusion,
unity, coherence, and citations
hhComplaint
letter
to a government official
•• Improving writing style: correct a choppy or monotonous style
hhCorrect a stringy style
hhLetter
Vocabulary, Spelling, Poetry Grade 9
Vocabulary, Spelling,
The lists of challenging words in Vocabulary, Spelling, Poetry III emphasize the application of
several spelling rules, the addition of specific suffixes, and the necessity of learning frequently
misspelled words. To expand students’ vocabulary, words and definitions are taken from
Themes in Literature. The goals of poetry recitation and memorization are an enjoyment and
appreciation of poetic beauty and excellence.
III
Fifth Edition
Added Enrichment



´/nP"0¨


15784802

LANGUAGE SERIES
•• Spelling and vocabulary:
•• Spelling lists (32) including review list at
•• Review games
•• Each vocabulary word includes:
•• Pronunciation, part of speech
•• Definition, sample sentence
•• Pronunciation key
•• Teacher resource: vocabulary mastery
end of each 9 weeks:
•• Spelling words (560)
•• Vocabulary words (280)
•• Organized by spelling rules, suffixes and
prefixes, compound words, homophones,
sentences
and commonly misspelled words
•• Poetry: footnotes define and explain
•• Practice exercises (68)
­unfamiliar words
Evaluation
•• Spelling and vocabulary quizzes:
•• Weekly (28)
•• Quarterly review (1 each 9 weeks;
each counts as 2 quiz grades)
•• Poetry quizzes: written (8), oral (2)
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Spelling rules:
•• Use i before e, except after c, or when sounded like long a
•• Double final consonant before adding suffix beginning with vowel
•• Change y to i when adding suffixes
•• Drop the silent e before adding a suffix beginning with a vowel
•• Learn exceptions to the spelling rules
•• Creating a compound word doesn’t change the spelling of the two parts
•• Adding a prefix to a word doesn’t change the word’s spelling
Spelling & Vocabulary Skills Development
hhMaster
spelling lists including:
words and definitions
hhWords that follow the spelling rules
hhSound-alike suffixes
hhCommonly misspelled words
hhHomonyms
•• Use vocabulary words in proper context
•• Memorize vocabulary definitions
•• Be able to identify commonly misspelled words
•• Apply spelling and phonics concepts through daily teacher-directed
oral practice and independent written practice
•• Learn:
•• Antonyms and synonyms of vocabulary words
•• To distinguish between homophones
•• Practical spelling tips and suggestions by studying Keys to Good
Spelling
hhVocabulary
Poetry Skills Development
hhMemorize
112
10 lyrical poems
•• Develop appreciation of poetry
•• Lay foundation for future literature study
•• Perform in front of an audience
•• Recite in unison
•• Use appropriate expression and volume
•• Increase vocabulary
•• Demonstrate comprehension of emotion and content
•• Develop a mental visualization of the poem
•• Discuss meaning and purpose of poems
•• Use proper observation of punctuation
English
Grades 9–10
Literature Grade 9
9
´/n%!y¨
Themes in Literature reflects these eleven themes: truth and wisdom, courage, humility, justice, temperance, joy and peace, beauty, faith and hope, love, Christmas, and time and eternity. As the student
becomes familiar with classics such as Wind in the Willows, Jane Eyre, Don Quixote, and The Adventures
of Tom Sawyer, he learns to appreciate a well-written presentation of a theme. This appreciation not only
aids in increased enjoyment of literature but also provides the foundation needed to critically analyze it.
This then can serve as a stimulus for corresponding creative essays.


15780501
Literary Value
•• 99 authors, including well-known writers such
as Ralph Waldo Emerson, Nathaniel Haw­ hakespeare, and
thorne, Helen Keller, William S
Leo Tolstoy
•• Prose selections (59), poems (60), and plays (5)
Evaluation
Added Enrichment
•• Footnotes define and explain unfamiliar words
•• Comprehension and discussion questions after
selections
•• Character-building quotations and verses
•• Introductory paragraphs for interest and
•• Speed and comprehension quizzes (20)
•• Homework reading quizzes (13)
•• Tests (8), 9-weeks exam (2)
•• Semester exam, final exam
background information
•• Review games
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Reading Skills Development
Comprehension, Discussion, & Analysis
Skills Development
•• Develop skills in reading speed and comprehension
•• Further develop oral reading skills
•• Be able to identify significant quotations and the selections in which
•• Develop proper discernment according to the truths of Scripture
•• Answer factual, interpretive, and inferential comprehension and
they are featured
discussion questions
•• Increase vocabulary
•• Improve ability to use deductive reasoning, understand cause and
effect, and draw conclusions
•• Build appreciation for good literature and a love of reading
hhRecognize
the character-building and life-enriching themes that
divide units
rase
P
ity
Ph
r
Ve
ram
iag
ase
Ph r
e
tiv
Ac
Transitive
ver
b
Ad
fni
rs
tion Noun
dve
rbs A
s
cti
Exte
nded
De
on A
hy Mod
rap
if
og
ion
ect
e rj
Int
e
Lett
a se
Phr
itiv
b
e Direct O
un
Clause No
E ss
ay
ve
rbs
position
n Pre
Adj
Inte
n ou
ec
rjec
Pro
t
tion
Complem
Parts of Speech
en
ts
e
us
Ca
h
E s sa
rap
y Parag
itive Active P
hra
se
ns
Tra
Outline V
Ad
lause D
lC
D ic
e
b
Ver
Bib
li
Phras
IV
ing
jec
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
er
Conj un
Thesis O
u
gram
S um mari e
ver b s
b
l
Ad
Fourth Edition
Dia
n
Inf

Grammar and Composition IV builds upon the grammar foundation established in previous years
and introduces new concepts to further enhance the students’ knowledge of basic grammar. In
addition, this text emphasizes explanative writing by having students write essays, an extended
definition, a process paper, a literary theme, critical book reviews, and a research paper.
s
c e d e nt s

Report U
n
Object
work-text
s
ive
h
16788602
ection Noun C
nterj
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s
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hra
&
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tlin
is
ape
Grammar
omposit ion
Sketc
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P
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Res
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
n te
Grammar & Composition IV
C
y
inative Essa
Outli
icate No
m
ct
Pred
ne
O
Grammar & Composition Grade 10

LANGUAGE SERIES
Added Enrichment
•• English teaching transparencies
•• Review games
Evaluation
•• Optional (graded at teacher discretion):
•• Grammar quizzes (20)
•• Tests (8), 9-weeks exam (2)
•• Paragraphs, summaries, outline
•• Semester exam, final exam
•• Short reviews, limerick, haiku
•• Compositions:
•• Comparison and contrast
•• Book reviews: full (2), oral (1)
•• Character sketch
•• Essay answer, paragraph (1 each)
•• Theme paper on Julius Caesar
•• Research paper and author project (1 each)
113
Grammar & Comp. cont. p. 114
e
English
Grade 10
Grammar & Composition cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Grammar
•• Capitalization:
•• Proper nouns and words formed from proper nouns:
•• Particular persons, places, things:
•• Political and economic organizations and alliances
•• Words referring to Deity and Holy Scripture
•• Words from proper nouns
•• Common noun or adjective when part of proper name
•• Titles of persons, titles of works
•• First word of every sentence
•• Pronoun I and interjection O
•• First word of every line of poetry
•• Punctuation:
•• End marks:
•• Period for declarative sentences, abbreviations, indirect question,
and polite request
•• Question mark for interrogative sentences
•• Exclamation point for exclamatory sentences
•• Commas:
•• Before a coordinating conjunction joining two independent
•• Hyphens:
•• To divide a word at the end of line
•• In compound numbers
•• In fractions used as adjectives
•• In prefixes before a proper noun or adjective
•• In compound adjectives before a noun
•• Quotation marks:
•• In a direct quotation
•• To enclose titles of short poems, songs, chapters, articles, and
other parts of books or magazines
•• To enclose a quoted passage of more than one paragraph: at the
beginning of each paragraph and at the end of the last paragraph
•• Apostrophes:
•• To form:
•• Possessive case of nouns
•• Individual possession within a group
•• Possessive case of indefinite pronouns
•• To show omissions from words
•• With s to form plurals of letters, numbers, signs, and words used
as words
•• Dashes:
•• After a series of words or phrases giving details about a state-
clauses
•• To indicate:
•• Omissions or avoid possible misreading
•• Nonessential elements in a sentence:
••Appositive and appositive phrase
••Participial phrase
••Adjective and adverb clauses
••Direct address
••Well, yes, no, or why
••Parenthetical expressions
•• To set off introductory phrases or clauses
•• In dates and addresses
•• After salutations and closings of letters
ment that follows
•• To indicate an abrupt change or break in a sentence
•• To set off parenthetical elements or confidential comments
•• Parentheses:
•• To enclose:
•• Parenthetical elements
•• Brief confirmatory information
•• The sentence:
•• Definition of sentence
•• Kinds of sentences classified by purpose: declarative, imperative,
interrogative, exclamatory
•• Recognizing subjects and verbs: complete subject, simple subject,
complete predicate, simple predicate, and verb phrase
•• Semicolons:
•• Between independent clauses:
•• If not using coordinating conjunction
•• Joined by:
••Transitional words
••Coordinating conjunction if clauses already contain commas
•• Between items in a series if the items contain commas
•• Colons:
•• Before a list of items
•• To introduce a formally announced statement or quotation
•• Between:
•• Overcoming problems locating subjects and verbs:
•• Finding:
•• Subject in an inverted sentence: interrogative sentence, sen-
tence beginning with there or here
•• Subject of an imperative sentence
hhSubject
before its appositive
•• Verb phrase that is interrupted by other words
•• Diagraming subjects and verbs
•• Recognizing and diagraming compound subjects and verbs
•• Recognizing complements
•• Correcting fragments and run-on sentences:
•• Sentence structure:
•• Defining dependent and independent clauses
•• Recognizing and diagraming simple, compound, complex, and
hhIndependent
clauses when second clause further explains first
one
•• Chapter and verse of Bible reference
•• Hour and minute of time reference
•• After salutation of a business letter
•• Italics:
•• For titles of books, magazines, newspapers, plays, works of art,
ships, trains, aircraft, and spacecraft
•• For words, letters, numbers referred to as such
•• For foreign words or phrases
compound-complex sentences
•• Recognizing noun clauses used as subjects of independent
clauses
•• Sentence improvement:
•• Conciseness, subordination, active voice, parallelism, clear pro-
noun reference
•• Placement of modifiers
hhConsistency
hhClear
114
of subject, tense, or voice
and effective diction
Grammar & Comp. cont. p. 115
English
Grade 10
Grammar & Composition cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Grammar cont.
•• Parts of speech:
•• Recognizing eight parts of speech
•• Verbs:
•• Recognizing action (transitive and intransitive), linking, and ­helping
verbs
•• Distinguishing verbs from verbals: participles, gerunds, and
infinitives
•• Using:
•• Principal parts of verbs
•• Regular verb endings, irregular verbs
•• Using correct principal parts
•• Verb tenses:
•• Using progressive and emphatic forms
•• When to use the tenses
hhUsing
logical verb tense sequence between clauses and between
verbals and independent clause
hhAvoiding unnecessary shifts in sentences: in subjects, verb tense,
voice of verbs
•• Active and passive voice
hhMood: indicative, imperative, and subjunctive
•• Avoid incorrect verb forms
•• Use troublesome verbs correctly and avoid verb usage errors
•• Use exact and vivid verbs
•• Nouns:
•• Recognizing nouns:
•• Compound, common, proper, and collective
hhConcrete and abstract
hhSubstantives
•• Keeping agreement of subject and verb
•• Recognizing and diagraming:
•• Nouns as predicate nominatives, direct objects, indirect objects,
objects of prepositions, direct address
•• Nouns as appositives
hhRecognizing and diagraming objective complements
•• Using:
•• Parallelism
•• Exact and vivid nouns
•• Pronouns:
•• Antecedents
•• Recognizing personal, interrogative, demonstrative, indefinite,
compound, relative
•• Keeping agreement of verbs and indefinite pronoun subjects
•• Making pronouns agree with their antecedents in number and in
gender
•• Nominative case:
•• For subjects, predicate nominatives
•• For appositives of subjects, appositives of predicate nominatives,
appositives to subjects, and appositives to predicate nominatives
•• Objective case:
•• For direct objects, indirect objects, objects of prepositions
•• For appositives of direct objects, indirect objects, objects of
prepositions
•• For appositives to direct objects, indirect objects, objects of
prepositions
•• Possessive case
•• Using correct case for who, whom, whoever, and whomever and in
incomplete clauses beginning with than or as
115
•• Avoid pronoun usage problems: double subject, possessive case
before a gerund
•• Adjectives:
•• Recognizing and diagraming adjectives: participles and proper
adjectives and infinitives as adjectives
•• Distinguishing adjectives from nouns and pronouns
•• Recognizing and diagraming predicate adjectives
•• Using and diagraming:
•• Prepositional and participial phrases as adjectives
•• Infinitive phrases as adjectives
•• Adjective clauses
•• Placing and punctuating adjective modifiers
•• Using adjectives in comparison
•• Avoiding double comparison and double negatives
•• Using exact and vivid adjectives
•• Adverbs:
•• Recognizing and diagraming adverbs
•• Infinitives as adverbs
•• Distinguishing adverbs from adjectives
•• Using and diagraming:
•• Prepositional phrases as adverbs
•• Infinitive phrases as adverbs
•• Adverb clauses
•• Correct placement of adverb modifiers
•• Distinguishing dependent clauses:
•• Advanced technique to determine dependent clauses as noun,
adjective, or adverb
•• Using: adverbs in comparison, exact and vivid adverbs
•• Prepositions:
•• Recognizing prepositions, prepositional phrases, and objects of
prepositions
•• Distinguishing between prepositions and adverbs
•• Using prepositions correctly
•• Conjunctions:
•• Recognizing coordinating, correlative, and subordinating conjunctions
•• Using parallel structure
•• Interjections:
•• Definition
•• Punctuation with interjections
•• Other parts of speech used as interjections
•• Diagraming interjections
•• Word study:
•• Using the dictionary:
hhKinds
of dictionaries
a dictionary
•• Using the dictionary
•• Parts of the dictionary:
hhVariant spellings, pronunciation, parts of speech, inflected forms,
cross reference, sample contexts, idiom, etymologies, run-on
entries, usage notes
hhCapitalization, restrictive labels, scientific names, illustrations,
synonyms and antonyms
hhUsage and diction:
hhLevels of usage
hhUsing correct diction
hhUsing clear and effective diction
hhGlossary of diction
hhSelecting
Grammar & Comp. cont. p. 116
English
Grade 10
Grammar & Composition cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Formal short essay:
•• Writing descriptions about persons, places, and things (6):
•• Steps: point of view, careful selection of details, arrangement of
Composition
•• Manuscript form: abbreviations, numbers, titles
•• The library: Dewey Decimal System, Library of Congress Classifica-
details, use of exact nouns and verbs
tion System, using the catalog and reference section
•• Formal full-length essay:
•• Introducing paragraphs (12):
•• Topic sentence
•• Summarizing sentence
•• Paragraph development:
•• By examples, incidents, and reasons
hhBy
hhInformative
essay
•• Personal essay
comparison and contrast and combination of methods
•• Paragraph unity
•• Paragraph coherence: chronological order, order of importance, tran-
sitional expressions, space order, pronoun reference, and repetition
•• Outline (3):
•• Topical and sentence outlines
•• Format of outline
•• Parallelism in an outline
•• Steps to preparing an outline
hhCritical book reviews:
hhPreparing:
hhWritten book reviews including outline, introduction, body,
­conclusion
hhOral book reviews: written preparation and oral presentation
•• Summaries
•• The Writing Process: plan, write, rewrite, edit
•• Research paper:
•• Planning the paper: selecting subject, finding sources, writing bibliog-
raphy cards, making a preliminary outline, taking notes, writing note
cards, avoiding plagiarism
•• Writing the paper: introduction, body
•• Using parenthetical citations
•• Rewriting the paper: check organization, introduction, conclusion,
unity, coherence, and citations
•• Editing the paper: check each paragraph, sentence, word; capitalization and punctuation
•• Preparing works cited page
•• Typing the paper
•• Documentation for research paper
hhAuthor project
•• Improving writing style: correct a choppy or monotonous style
hhExtended definition
hhWriting about a process
Vocabulary, Spelling, Poetry Grade 10
necessary e
ffe
ct
su
nate rel
forty
al i n
me
dso
ha n
sim
Vocabulary
ch
c
conval
e sc
ent
ile
fac
ad o l e s c e n c
opardy
nterfeit je
ou
isp
en s
able
ind
able m
ch nonchalant
a asylum
ov
ow
all
e
spee
u lat e
e
spos fa m
an
oner
ate d
mm
le m
ab
i le
ex
d
com
luci
mis
t
erate
g en
aerial contin
co
e
nd
ir re v o c
ce
se
om in a t i o
es
ric
Mastering the vocabulary and spelling words in Vocabulary, Spelling, Poetry IV will greatly help students in their writing, speaking, and reading comprehension. Students memorize ten poems over
the course of the year. This memory work will not only help students lay a foundation for future literature studies, but will also enrich their personal lives. In addition, students will learn how to solve
analogy questions and how to analyze word meanings based on their prefixes, roots, and suffixes.


LANGUAGE SERIES
ab
reverberat
n t io n t r
a ll u d e f
ora
y
em
n te
nd
ea
ap p
ole
pier
mor f
na
ly
bal licen
ver
s
gged e
wa
ff
tari
du
asteries
ly
ard
ast
iesce d
p e r f or
on
for
wa
rd
s
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acqu
ou
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balk
16792402
ou
am s
deploys
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abduct
Fifth
Edition
e
at
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iet
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wa
w h os e
SPELLING
Poetry IV
ourish c
e f
VOCABULARY, SPELLING,P oetry IV
ilar marsh
women
a g ed
lary
palpitate w
se n
co
y
e
xe
mp
Added Enrichment
•• Spelling and vocabulary:
•• Spelling words (480)
•• Vocabulary words (144)
•• Spelling lists (24):
•• Organized by spelling rules, suffixes,
•• Pronunciation, etymology
•• Part of speech, definition
•• Sample sentence
•• Synonyms, antonyms
•• Related forms of the word
homonyms, compound words, and
•• Practice exercises (100), including:
commonly misspelled words
•• Pretest over vocabulary words
•• Vocabulary lists:
and their meanings
•• Organized by word origin, prefixes and
•• Cumulative review of vocabulary
suffixes, and vivid and precise verbs
words and definitions
•• Each vocabulary word includes:
116
•• Review games
•• Vocabulary chart showing:
•• Prefixes (48), suffixes (48)
•• Greek and Latin roots and
meanings (100)
•• Guidelines for solving analogy
questions
Evaluation
•• Spelling and vocabulary
quizzes:
•• Weekly (20)
•• Quarterly review (1 each
9 weeks; each counts as 2 quiz
grades)
•• Poetry quizzes; written (8),
oral (2)
•• Pronunciation key
•• Poetry: footnotes define and
explain unfamiliar words
Voabulary, Spelling, Poetry cont. p. 117
English
Grade 10
Vocabulary, Spelling, Poetry cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Learn spelling rules:
•• Use i before e, except after c, or when sounded like long a
•• Double a final consonant before adding a suffix beginning with a vowel
•• Change y to i when adding suffixes
•• Drop the silent e before adding a suffix beginning with a vowel
•• Learn exceptions to spelling rules
•• Learn the principle of assimilation
•• Creating a compound word doesn’t change the spelling of the two
Spelling & Vocabulary Skills Development
hhMaster
spelling lists including:
words and definitions
hhWords that follow the spelling rules
hhSound-alike suffixes
hhCommonly misspelled words
hhHomonyms
•• Use vocabulary words in proper context
•• Memorize vocabulary definitions
•• Be able to identify commonly misspelled words
•• Apply spelling and phonics concepts through daily teacher-directed
oral practice and independent written practice
•• Learn to distinguish between homophones
•• Learn practical spelling tips and suggestions by studying Keys to
Good Spelling
hhMaster 48 prefixes, 100 roots, and 48 suffixes
hhLearn more than 1,000 synonyms, antonyms, and related words for
vocabulary words
hhAnalyze word meanings based on their prefixes, roots, and suffixes
hhDevelop ability to solve analogy questions
hhVocabulary
parts
•• Adding a prefix to a word doesn’t change the word’s spelling
Poetry Skills Development
hhMemorize
10 lyrical poems
•• Develop appreciation of poetry
•• Lay foundation for future literature study
•• Perform in front of an audience
•• Recite in unison
•• Use appropriate expression and volume
•• Increase vocabulary
•• Demonstrate comprehension of emotion and content
•• Develop a mental visualization of the poem
•• Discuss meaning and purpose of poems
•• Use proper observation of punctuation
Literature Grade 10
10
d arranges
manner as to
owerfully and
C ULLEN B RYANT
ay into the
Fourth Edition
ities of
—L. H. J
ONES
his person acts
ERT
B RO WNING
history
—ARISTOTLE
´+V!!9¨
11540101


In previous years, students read mostly for enjoyment, but now they will learn about the makeup of
literature by studying a variety of literary terms and devices such as imagery and figurative language.
While the first part of World Literature offers a background to the study of world literature, the second
part introduces works chronologically from the time of the ancient East to the Modern Age (twentieth century). Students will read classics which reflect the thinking of each time period, such as Divine
Comedy, Moby Dick, Paradise Lost, Aesop’s Fables, and Foxe’s Book of Martyrs.
Art appreciation is also an important part of the literature study in English 10. As the author uses words
to paint visual images in our minds, the artist uses his brush to paint a story. World Literature includes
paintings, sculptures, and architecture that reflect the themes of each unit.
Literary Value
Added Enrichment
as e. e. cummings, Charles Dickens, John Donne,
Homer, Martin Luther, and Isaac Watts
•• Prose selections (49), poems (81), plays (2), and
essays (10)
•• Character-building quotations and verses
•• Introductory paragraphs for interest and back-
•• 113 authors, including well-known writers such
•• Footnotes define and explain unfamiliar words
•• Comprehension and discussion questions after
selections
Evaluation
•• Comprehension quizzes (25)
•• Homework reading quizzes (22)
•• Tests (8), 9-weeks exam (2)
•• Semester exam, final exam
ground information
•• Review games
•• Author biographies
•• Literary terms defined and explained through-
out and in a handy glossary (121)
117
Literature cont. p. 118
English
Grades 10–11
Literature cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Reading Skills Development
Comprehension, Discussion, & Analysis
Skills Development
•• Develop skills in reading speed and comprehension
•• Further develop oral reading skills
•• Be able to identify significant quotations and the selections in which
•• Read entire works: Silas Marner and Julius Caesar
•• Study drama and learn about Elizabethan and Greek theaters
•• Develop proper discernment according to the truths of Scripture
•• Answer factual, interpretive, and inferential comprehension and
they are featured
•• Increase vocabulary
hhFurther
develop writing skills
various literary forms: short story, essay, novel, narrative
poetry, and descriptive poetry
hhLearn meaning and use of literary terms and devices such as theme,
plot, imagery, figurative language, point of view, dramatic structure
and dénouement.
hhStudy the development of plot, theme, setting, and character(s) in
short stories, essays, and classical works of literature
discussion questions
•• Improve ability to use deductive reasoning, understand cause and
hhLearn
effect, and draw conclusions
•• Build appreciation for good literature and a love of reading
•• Develop an understanding of people’s motives and feelings while
recognizing consequences of particular actions
to analyze literature while studying selections
hhComprehend and appreciate the basic elements of a work of literature
hhLearn to appreciate the rhyme, rhythm, and figurative language of
poetry
hhLearn
Grammar & Composition Grade 11
11
WORKBOOK
V for Handbook o f GRAMMAR & C omposition

for
GRAMMAR
Composition
´*s(! ¨
10830801
The abilities to express ideas creatively and to skillfully comprehend the written word are built
upon the study elements which are included in English 11. The Handbook of Grammar and Composition and Workbook V build upon the grammar foundation established in previous years and
introduce new concepts to further enhance the students’ knowledge of basic grammar. In addition, Handbook of Grammar and Composition emphasizes writing through assignments in argumentative essay, narrative essay, exposition of a process, literary character analysis, critical book
reviews, and a research paper. Several smaller writing assignments are also included throughout
the text.
Added Enrichment
•• English teaching transparencies
Evaluation
•• Grammar quizzes (17)
•• Tests (8), 9-weeks exam (2)
•• Semester exam, final exam
•• Compositions:
•• Character trait paragraph
•• Book reviews: oral, full (1 each)
•• Paragraph, character sketch (1 each)
•• Essays: argumentative, narrative (1 each)
•• Character analysis, rhyming poem,
•• Optional (graded at teacher discretion):
•• Paragraphs, short book reviews
•• Character analysis, one-act play,
c­ lassification, application letter, résumé,
research paper (1 each)
outline, essay
•• Summary, descriptions, type
sketch, poems
•• Exposition of a process
•• Pronoun I and interjection O
•• First word of every line of poetry
Grammar
•• Capitalization:
•• Proper nouns and words formed from proper nouns:
•• Particular persons, places, things:
•• Political and economic organizations and alliances
•• Words referring to Deity and Holy Scripture
•• Words from proper nouns
•• Common noun or adjective when part of proper name
•• Titles of persons, titles of works
•• First word of every sentence
•• Punctuation:
•• End marks:
•• Period for declarative sentences, abbreviations, indirect ques-
tion, and polite request
•• Question mark for interrogative sentences
•• Exclamation point for exclamatory sentences
118
Grammar & Comp. cont. p. 119
English
Grade 11
Grammar & Composition cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Dashes:
•• After a series of words or phrases giving details about a state-
Grammar cont.
•• Punctuation cont.:
•• Commas:
•• Before a coordinating conjunction joining two independent
ment that follows
•• To indicate an abrupt change or break in a sentence
•• To set off parenthetical elements or confidential comments
clauses
•• Parentheses:
•• To enclose:
•• Parenthetical elements
•• Brief confirmatory information
•• To indicate:
•• Omissions or avoid possible misreading
•• Nonessential elements in a sentence:
••Appositive and appositive phrase
••Participial phrase
••Adjective and adverb clauses
••Direct address
••Well, yes, no, or why
••Parenthetical expressions
•• To set off introductory phrases or clauses
•• In dates and addresses
•• After salutations and closings of letters
hhBrackets:
hhTo
enclose editorial comments within quotations
replace parentheses within parentheses
•• The sentence:
•• Definition of sentence
•• Kinds of sentences classified by purpose: declarative, imperative,
interrogative, exclamatory
•• Recognizing subjects and verbs: complete subject, simple subject,
complete predicate, simple predicate, and verb phrase
•• Overcoming problems locating subjects and verbs:
•• Finding:
•• Subject in an inverted sentence: interrogative sentence, sentence beginning with there or here
•• Subject of an imperative sentence
•• Subject before its appositive
•• Verb phrase that is interrupted by other words
•• Diagraming subjects and verbs
•• Recognizing and diagraming:
•• Compound subjects and verbs
•• Complements: direct object, indirect object, objective complement, predicate nominative, predicate adjective
•• Fragments and run-on sentences
•• Recognizing and diagraming simple, compound, complex, and
compound-complex sentences
•• Sentence improvement:
hhUnity and coordination
•• Subordination:
•• Choosing what to subordinate
hhAvoiding upside-down, illogical, and excessive subordination
•• Placement of modifiers:
•• Avoid:
hhSquinting modifiers and split constructions
••Dangling participial phrases
hhDangling gerund and infinitive phrases
hhElliptical clauses
•• Pronoun reference
hhClear and logical construction
•• Parallelism
•• Point of view:
•• Avoid unnecessary shifts in:
••Subject, voice, and tense
hhMood, person, number, discourse, and tone
•• Consistency of subject, tense, or voice
•• Clear and effective diction
•• Conciseness
hhTo
•• Semicolons:
•• Between independent clauses:
•• If not using coordinating conjunction
•• Joined by:
••Transitional words
••Coordinating conjunction if clauses already contain commas
•• Between items in a series if the items contain commas
•• Colons:
•• Before a list of items
•• To introduce a formally announced statement or quotation
•• Between:
•• Independent clauses when second clause further explains first one
•• Chapter and verse of Bible reference
•• Hour and minute of time reference
•• After salutation of a business letter
•• Italics:
•• For titles of books, magazines, newspapers, plays, works of art,
ships, trains, aircraft, and spacecraft
•• For words, letters, numbers referred to as such
•• For foreign words or phrases
•• Hyphens:
•• To divide a word at the end of line
•• In compound numbers
•• In fractions used as adjectives
•• In prefixes before a proper noun or adjective
•• In compound adjectives before a noun
•• Quotation Marks:
•• In a direct quotation
•• To enclose:
•• Titles of short poems, songs, chapters, articles, and other
parts of books or magazines
•• A quoted passage of more than one paragraph: at the begin-
ning of each paragraph and at the end of the last paragraph
•• Apostrophes:
•• To form:
•• Possessive case of nouns
•• Individual possession within a group
•• Possessive case of indefinite pronouns
•• To show omissions from words
•• With s to form plurals of letters, numbers, signs, and words
used as words
119
Grammar & Comp. cont. p. 120
English
Grade 11
Grammar & Composition cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Possessive case
•• Using correct case for who, whom, whoever, and whomever
Grammar cont.
•• Parts of speech:
•• Recognizing eight parts of speech
•• Verbs:
•• Recognizing action (transitive and intransitive), linking, and
and in incomplete clauses beginning with than or as
•• Avoid pronoun usage problems: double subject, possessive
case before a gerund
•• Adjectives:
•• Recognizing and diagraming adjectives: participles and
helping verbs
•• Distinguishing verbs from verbals: participles, gerunds, and
proper adjectives and infinitives as adjectives
infinitives
•• Distinguishing adjectives from nouns and pronouns
•• Recognizing and diagraming predicate adjectives
•• Using and diagraming:
•• Prepositional and participial phrases as adjectives
•• Infinitive phrases as adjectives
•• Adjective clauses
•• Placing and punctuating adjective modifiers
•• Using adjectives in comparison
•• Avoiding double comparison and double negatives
•• Using principal parts of verbs
•• Regular verb endings
•• Irregular verbs
•• Using correct principal parts
•• Verb tenses: progressive and emphatic forms
•• When to use the verb tenses
•• Using logical verb tense sequence between clauses and
between verbals and independent clause
•• Avoiding unnecessary shifts in sentences: in subjects, verb
•• Adverbs:
•• Recognizing and diagraming adverbs
•• Infinitives as adverbs
tense, voice of verbs
•• Active and passive voice
•• Mood: indicative, imperative, and subjunctive
•• Avoid incorrect verb forms
•• Use troublesome verbs correctly and avoid verb usage errors
hhNouns
as adverbs
•• Distinguishing adverbs from adjectives
•• Using and diagraming:
•• Prepositional phrases as adverbs
•• Infinitive phrases as adverbs
•• Adverb clauses
•• Correct placement of adverb modifiers
•• Distinguishing dependent clauses
•• Using adverbs in comparison
•• Nouns:
•• Recognizing nouns:
•• Compound, common, proper, and collective
•• Concrete and abstract
•• Substantives
•• Keeping agreement of subject and verb
•• Recognizing and diagraming nouns as predicate nomina-
•• Prepositions:
•• Recognizing prepositions, prepositional phrases, and
tives, direct objects, indirect objects, objects of prepositions,
direct address, appositives, and objective complements
•• Using parallelism
•• Pronouns:
•• Antecedents
•• Recognizing personal, interrogative, demonstrative, indefinite, compound, relative
hhRecognizing reflexive and intensive pronouns
•• Keeping agreement of verbs and indefinite pronoun subjects
•• Making pronouns agree with their antecedents:
•• In number and in gender
hhIn person
•• Nominative case:
•• For subjects, predicate nominatives
•• For appositives of subjects, appositives of predicate
nominatives
•• For appositives to subjects, appositives to predicate
nominatives
hhFor complements of the infinitive to be
•• Objective case:
•• For direct objects, indirect objects, objects of prepositions
•• For appositives of direct objects, indirect objects, objects
of prepositions
•• For appositives to direct objects, indirect objects, objects
of prepositions
hhFor subjects of infinitives and complements of the infinitive to be
objects of prepositions
•• Distinguishing between prepositions and adverbs
•• Using prepositions correctly
•• Conjunctions:
•• Recognizing coordinating, correlative, and subordinating
conjunctions
•• Using parallel structure
•• Interjections:
•• Definition
•• Punctuation with interjections
•• Other parts of speech used as interjections
•• Diagraming interjections
hhRecognizing
and diagraming:
absolute and expletives
hhNominative absolute phrases
•• Word study:
•• Using the dictionary:
•• Kinds of dictionaries
•• Selecting a dictionary
•• Using the dictionary
•• Parts of the dictionary
•• Usage and diction:
•• Levels of usage
•• Using correct diction
•• Using clear and effective diction
hhNominative
120
Grammar & Comp. cont. p. 121
English
Grade 11
Grammar & Composition cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• The library:
•• The catalog
•• The reference section:
•• Encyclopedias, dictionaries, special dictionaries, atlases
•• Handbooks of miscellaneous information, books of quotations
Grammar cont.
•• Usage and diction cont.:
•• Appropriateness
•• Exactness and vividness
•• Figurative language
hhBiographical
aids, reference works on literature
specialized reference works
hhThe Readers’ Guide to Periodical Literature
hhInternet sources
•• The Dewey Decimal System
•• The Library of Congress Classification System
•• Critical book reviews: written and oral review
•• Writing letters:
•• Friendly: letter parts, thank-you note, bread-and-butter
note
•• Business:
•• Letter parts, order letter, request letter, complaint letter
•• Letter to a government official
hhLetter of application, résumé
•• Research paper:
•• Planning the paper:
•• Selecting subject
•• Finding sources:
hhEncyclopedia, periodical databases
hhEssay and General Literature Index, published bibliographies
•• Writing bibliography cards
•• Making a preliminary outline
•• Taking notes: writing note cards, avoiding plagiarism
•• Writing the paper: introduction, body
•• Using parenthetical citations
•• Rewriting the paper: check organization, introduction, conclusion, unity, coherence, and citations
•• Editing the paper: check each paragraph, sentence, word;
capitalization and punctuation
•• Typing the paper:
•• General information
•• Formatting pages: title page, pledge page, outline page,
first page, and succeeding pages
•• Inserting footnotes or endnotes
hhAdditional guidelines:
hhAbbreviations in citation entries
hhEllipsis marks in quotations
hhBlock quotations
•• Documentation for research paper:
•• Parenthetical citations
hhEndnotes and footnotes
hhTyping instructions
hhGobbledygook
hhOther
•• Jargon
•• Triteness
•• Wordiness:
hhSentences
beginning with there, it, and this
•• Wordy expressions
•• Redundancies
•• Glossary of diction
Composition
•• Manuscript form:
•• Abbreviations, numbers, titles
hhAbbreviations
in footnotes and parenthetical references
•• The Writing Process: plan, write, rewrite, edit
•• Introducing paragraphs (7):
•• Topic sentence
•• Summarizing sentence
•• Paragraph development by examples, incidents, reasons,
comparison and contrast, and combination of methods
•• Paragraph unity
•• Paragraph coherence: chronological order, order of importance,
transitional expressions, space order, pronoun reference, and
repetition
hhParagraph with proper emphasis
•• Essays:
•• Essay answer
hhNarrative essay
hhArgumentative essay
•• Outline:
•• Topical and sentence outlines
•• Format of outline
•• Parallelism in an outline
•• Steps to preparing an outline
hhParaphrase (5)
•• Summaries (6)
•• Writing about a process (Exposition of a Process)
hhClassification paper
•• Extended definition
•• Writing descriptions about persons, places, and things:
•• Steps: point of view, careful selection of details, arrangement of details, use of exact nouns and verbs
hhCharacter sketch
hhType sketch
hhCharacter analysis
121
English
Grade 11
Vocabulary, Spelling, Poetry Grade 11
Mastering the vocabulary and spelling words in Vocabulary, Spelling, Poetry V will greatly
help students in their writing, speaking, and reading comprehension. Students will memorize nine poems throughout the year. The benefits of reciting and memorizing poetry are
learning an appreciation of poetic excellence, enriching, their personal lives, and laying a
foundation for future literature studies. Students will also further develop their ability to
analyze words by studying prefixes, roots, and suffixes.
Added Enrichment
•• Spelling and vocabulary:
•• Spelling lists (24):
•• Spelling words (360)
•• Vocabulary words (144)
•• Organized by spelling rules, suf-
•• Synonyms, antonyms
•• Related forms of the word
•• Practice exercises (100), including:
•• Pretest over vocabulary words and their
Evaluation
•• Spelling and vocabulary quizzes:
•• Weekly (20)
•• Quarterly review (1 each 9 weeks;
each counts as 2 quiz grades)
•• Poetry quizzes: written (7), oral (2)
meanings
•• Cumulative review of vocabulary
fixes, homonyms, compound words,
and commonly misspelled words
words and definitions
•• Vocabulary lists:
•• Review games
•• Organized by word origin, prefixes •• Vocabulary chart showing:
and suffixes, and vivid and precise •• Prefixes (48), suffixes (48)
verbs
•• Greek and Latin roots and meanings (100)
•• Each vocabulary word includes:
•• Guidelines for solving analogy questions
•• Pronunciation, etymology
•• Pronunciation key
•• Part of speech, definition
•• Index includes vocabulary words; prefixes,
•• Sample sentence
roots, suffixes; synonyms, antonyms
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Spelling & Vocabulary Skills Development
Poetry Skills Development
hhMaster
spelling lists including:
hhVocabulary words and definitions
hhWords that follow the spelling rules
hhSound-alike suffixes
hhCommonly misspelled words
hhHomonyms
•• Use vocabulary words in proper context
•• Memorize vocabulary definitions
•• Be able to identify commonly misspelled words
•• Apply spelling and phonics concepts through daily teacherdirected oral practice and independent written practice
•• Learn to distinguish between homophones
•• Learn practical spelling tips and suggestions from Keys to
Good Spelling
•• Master 48 prefixes, 100 roots, and 48 suffixes
hhMemorize
9 lyrical poems
•• Develop appreciation of poetry
•• Lay foundation for future literature study
•• Perform in front of an audience
•• recite in unison
•• Use appropriate expression and volume
•• Increase vocabulary
•• Demonstrate comprehension of emotion and content
•• Develop a mental visualization of the poem
•• Discuss meaning and purpose of poems
•• Use proper observation of punctuation
122
English
Grade 11
Literature Grade 11
11
lassics for
hristians
F OURTH E DITION
Nathaniel Hawthorne
by Emanuel Gottlieb Leutze
Boyhood of Lincoln
´*s[!R¨
by Eastman Johnson
10835901
American Literature presents a variety of selections that reflect the faith, doubts, longings,
accomplishments, and emotions of the American people. Students will further develop their skills
in analyzing literature as they study several genres and time periods of American literature. In
addition, students will learn about significant American authors and their influential works while
reading classics such as Moby Dick, Ben Hur, Uncle Tom’s Cabin, The Innocents Abroad, and The
Song of Hiawatha. Since art appreciation is an important part of the literature study in English 11,
American Literature includes paintings that reflect the themes and time periods of each unit.
Literary Value
Added Enrichment
known writers such as Washington
Irving, Will Rogers, Mark Twain, Phyllis
Wheatley, and Walt Whitman
•• Prose selections (45), poems (175),
plays (2), essays (25)
unfamiliar words
•• Comprehension and discussion
questions after selections
•• Character-building quotations
and verses
•• 105 authors, including works by well-
•• Footnotes to define and explain
•• Introductory paragraphs for
interest and background info
•• Author biographies
•• Literary terms defined and
explained throughout
•• Glossaries of literary terms and
vocabulary-building words
•• Unit reviews
Evaluation
•• Comprehension quizzes (18)
•• Homework reading quizzes (35)
•• Tests (8), 9-weeks exam (2)
•• Semester exam, final exam
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Reading Skills Development
Comprehension, Discussion, & Analysis
Skills Development
•• Develop skills in reading speed and comprehension
•• Further develop oral reading skills
•• Be able to identify significant quotations and the selections in
hhRead
entire novel: The Scarlet Letter
•• Develop proper discernment according to the truths of Scripture
•• Answer factual, interpretive, and inferential comprehension and
which they are featured
•• Increase vocabulary
•• Further develop writing skills
•• Study various literary forms: short story, essay, novel, narrative
discussion questions
•• Improve ability to use deductive reasoning, understand cause and
effect, and draw conclusions
•• Build appreciation for good literature and a love of reading
•• Develop an understanding of people’s motives and feelings while
poetry, and descriptive poetry
•• Study meaning and use of literary terms and devices such as
theme, plot, imagery, figurative language, aphorism, character
analysis, conceit, dialect, epitaph, local color, pun, realism, rhetorical devices, and understatement
•• Study the development of plot, theme, setting, and character(s) in
short stories, essays, and classical works of literature
hhStudy historical backgrounds and writing techniques to better
understand American literary periods
recognizing consequences of particular actions
•• Learn to analyze literature while studying selections
•• Comprehend and appreciate the basic elements of a work of
literature
•• Learn to appreciate the rhyme, rhythm, and figurative language of
poetry
hhDevelop
a greater understanding and appreciation for American
culture and heritage
123
English
Grade 12
Grammar & Composition Grade 12
WORKBOOK
VI for Handbook o f GRAMMAR & C omposition

for
GRAMMAR
Composition
Fourth Edition
English 12 is designed to incorporate a program of English literature, composition, grammar, vocabulary, and outside reading into a senior-level English class. The study of grammar is not stressed in the
senior year as much as in earlier years because of the extensive background that students should have
gained from previous study; however, grammar is still taught briefly each day. Grammar instruction
includes correcting homework exercises from Workbook VI for Handbook of Grammar and Composition and briefly presenting new material from Handbook of Grammar and Composition.
Added Enrichment
´2?%!ߨ
18310501
•• English teaching transparencies
Evaluation
•• Grammar quizzes (17)
•• Tests (8), mid-semester tests (2)
•• Semester exam, final exam
•• Compositions:
•• Essays (5)
•• Argumentative essay
•• Oral book reviews (2)
•• Full book review
•• Vocation project
•• Character analysis
•• Extended definition
Grammar
•• Optional (graded at teacher discretion):
•• Paragraphs, book reviews
•• Character sketch, original poem
•• Extemporaneous compositions, résumé
•• Descriptions, narrative
•• Colons:
•• Before a list of items
•• To introduce a formally announced statement or quotation
•• Between:
•• Independent clauses when second clause further explains
•• Capitalization:
•• Proper nouns and words formed from proper nouns:
•• Particular persons, places, things:
•• Political and economic organizations and alliances
•• Words referring to Deity and Holy Scripture
•• Words from proper nouns
•• Common noun or adjective when part of proper name
•• Titles of persons, titles of works
•• First word of every sentence
•• Pronoun I and interjection O
•• First word of every line of poetry
•• Punctuation:
•• End marks:
•• Period for declarative sentences, abbreviations, indirect
first one
•• Chapter and verse of Bible reference
•• Hour and minute of time reference
•• After salutation of a business letter
•• Italics:
•• For titles of books, magazines, newspapers, plays, works of
art, ships, trains, aircraft, and spacecraft
•• For words, letters, numbers referred to as such
•• For foreign words or phrases
•• Hyphens:
•• To divide a word at the end of line
•• In compound numbers
•• In fractions used as adjectives
•• In prefixes before a proper noun or adjective
•• In compound adjectives before a noun
•• Quotation Marks:
•• In a direct quotation
•• To enclose:
•• Titles of short poems, songs, chapters, articles, and other parts
question, and polite request
•• Question mark for interrogative sentences
•• Exclamation point for exclamatory sentences
•• Commas:
•• Before a coordinating conjunction joining two independent
clauses
•• To indicate:
•• Omissions or avoid possible misreading
•• Nonessential elements in a sentence:
••Appositive and appositive phrase
••Participial phrase
••Adjective and adverb clauses
••Direct address
••Well, yes, no, or why
••Parenthetical expressions
•• To set off introductory phrases or clauses
•• In dates and addresses
•• After salutations and closings of letters
•• Semicolons:
•• Between independent clauses:
•• If not using coordinating conjunction
•• Joined by transitional words
•• Joined by coordinating conjunction if clauses already
contain commas
•• Between items in a series if the items contain commas
of books or magazines
•• A quoted passage of more than one paragraph: at the
beginning of each paragraph and at the end of the last
paragraph
•• Apostrophes:
•• To form:
•• Possessive case of nouns
•• Individual possession within a group
•• Possessive case of indefinite pronouns
•• To show omissions from words
•• With s to form plurals of letters, numbers, signs, and words
used as words
124
Grammar & Comp. cont. p. 125
English
Grade 12
Grammar & Composition cont.
•• Parts of speech:
•• Recognizing eight parts of speech
•• Verbs:
•• Recognizing action (transitive and intransitive), linking, and
Grammar cont.
•• Dashes:
•• After a series of words or phrases giving details about a
statement that follows
helping verbs
•• To indicate an abrupt change or break in a sentence
•• To set off parenthetical elements or confidential comments
•• Distinguishing verbs from verbals: participles, gerunds, and
infinitives
•• Parentheses:
•• To enclose:
•• Parenthetical elements
•• Brief confirmatory information
•• Brackets:
•• To enclose editorial comments within quotations
•• To replace parentheses within parentheses
•• Using principal parts of verbs
•• Regular verb endings
•• Irregular verbs
•• Using correct principal parts
•• Verb tenses: progressive and emphatic forms
•• When to use the verb tenses
•• Using logical verb tense sequence between clauses and
•• The sentence:
•• Definition of sentence
•• Kinds of sentences classified by purpose: declarative, impera-
between verbals and independent clause
•• Avoiding unnecessary shifts in sentences: in subjects, verb
tense, voice of verbs
tive, interrogative, exclamatory
•• Recognizing subjects and verbs: complete subject, simple subject, complete predicate, simple predicate, and verb phrase
•• Overcoming problems locating subjects and verbs:
•• Finding:
•• Subject in an inverted sentence: interrogative sentence,
sentence beginning with there or here
•• Subject of an imperative sentence
•• Subject before its appositive
•• Verb phrase that is interrupted by other words
•• Diagraming subjects and verbs
•• Recognizing and diagraming compound subjects and verbs
•• Recognizing and diagraming complements: direct object,
indirect object, objective complement, predicate nominative,
predicate adjective
•• Fragments and run-on sentences
•• Recognizing and diagraming simple, compound, complex,
and compound-complex sentences
•• Sentence improvement:
•• Unity and coordination
•• Subordination:
•• Choosing what to subordinate
•• Avoiding upside-down, illogical, and excessive subordination
•• Placement of modifiers:
•• Avoid:
••Squinting modifiers and split constructions
••Dangling participial phrases
••Dangling gerund and infinitive phrases
••Elliptical clauses
•• Pronoun reference
•• Clear and logical construction
•• Parallelism
•• Point of view:
•• Avoid unnecessary shifts in:
••Subject, voice, and tense
••Mood, person, number, discourse, and tone
•• Consistency of subject, tense, or voice
•• Clear and effective diction
•• Conciseness
•• Active and passive voice
•• Mood: indicative, imperative, and subjunctive
•• Avoid incorrect verb forms
•• Use troublesome verbs correctly and avoid verb usage errors
•• Nouns:
•• Recognizing nouns:
•• Compound, common, proper, and collective
•• Concrete and abstract
•• Substantives
•• Keeping agreement of subject and verb
•• Recognizing and diagraming nouns as predicate nomina-
tives, direct objects, indirect objects, objects of prepositions, direct address, appositives, and objective complements
•• Using parallelism
•• Pronouns:
•• Antecedents
•• Recognizing personal, interrogative, demonstrative, indefinite, compound, relative
•• Recognizing reflexive and intensive pronouns
•• Keeping agreement of verbs and indefinite pronoun subjects
•• Making pronouns agree with their antecedents:
•• In number and in gender
•• In person
•• Nominative case:
•• For subjects, predicate nominatives, appositives of subjects, appositives of predicate nominatives, appositives to
subjects, and appositives to predicate nominatives
•• For complements of the infinitive to be
•• Objective case:
•• For direct objects, indirect objects, objects of prepositions
and for appositives of direct objects, indirect objects,
objects of prepositions and for appositives to direct
objects, indirect objects, and objects of prepositions
•• For subjects of infinitives and complements of the infinitive to be
•• Possessive case:
•• Using correct case for who, whom, whoever, and whomever and in incomplete clauses beginning with than or as
•• Avoid pronoun usage problems: double subject, possessive case before a gerund
125
Grammar & Comp. cont. p. 126
English
Grade 12
Grammar & Composition cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Jargon
•• Triteness
•• Wordiness:
•• Sentences beginning with there, it, and this
•• Wordy expressions
•• Redundancies
•• Glossary of diction
Grammar cont.
•• Adjectives:
•• Recognizing and diagraming adjectives: Participles and
proper adjectives and infinitives as adjectives
•• Distinguishing adjectives from nouns and pronouns
•• Recognizing and diagraming predicate adjectives
•• Using and diagraming:
•• Prepositional and participial phrases as adjectives
•• Infinitive phrases as adjectives
•• Adjective clauses
•• Placing and punctuating adjective modifiers
•• Using adjectives in comparison
•• Avoiding double comparison and double negatives
Composition
•• Manuscript form:
•• Abbreviations, numbers, titles
•• Abbreviations in footnotes and parenthetical references
•• The Writing Process: plan, write, rewrite, edit
•• Introducing paragraphs:
•• Topic sentence
•• Summarizing sentence
•• Paragraph development by examples, incidents, reasons,­
•• Adverbs:
•• Recognizing and diagraming adverbs
•• Infinitives as adverbs
•• Nouns as adverbs
•• Distinguishing adverbs from adjectives
•• Using and diagraming:
•• Prepositional phrases as adverbs
•• Infinitive phrases as adverbs
•• Adverb clauses
•• Correct placement of adverb modifiers
•• Distinguishing dependent clauses
•• Using adverbs in comparison
•• Prepositions:
•• Recognizing prepositions, prepositional phrases, and
­comparison and contrast, and combination of methods
•• Paragraph unity
•• Paragraph coherence: chronological order, order of impor-
tance, transitional expressions, space order, pronoun reference, and repetition
•• Paragraph with proper emphasis
•• Essays (6):
•• Essay answer
•• Narrative and argumentative essays
•• Outline:
•• Topical and sentence outlines
•• Format of outline
•• Parallelism in an outline
•• Steps to preparing an outline
•• Extended definition
•• Writing descriptions about persons, places, and things (6):
•• Steps: point of view, careful selection of details, arrangement
of details, use of exact nouns and verbs
•• Character sketch
•• Critical book reviews: written and oral review
•• Writing letters:
•• Friendly: letter parts, thank-you note, bread-and-butter note
•• Business:
•• Letter parts, order letter, request letter, complaint letter,
and letter to a government official
•• Letter of application, résumé
hhVocation Project (Research paper):
•• Planning the paper:
•• Selecting subject
•• Finding sources: encyclopedia, periodical databases, Essay
and General Literature Index, published bibliographies
•• Writing bibliography cards
•• Making a preliminary outline
•• Taking notes: writing note cards, avoiding plagiarism
hhWriting a questionnaire cover letter and conducting
an interview
•• Writing the paper: introduction, body
•• Using parenthetical citations
•• Rewriting the paper: check organization, introduction, conclusion, unity, coherence, and citations
objects of prepositions
•• Distinguishing between prepositions and adverbs
•• Using prepositions correctly
•• Conjunctions:
•• Recognizing coordinating, correlative, and subordinating
conjunctions
•• Using parallel structure
•• Interjections:
•• Definition
•• Punctuation with interjections
•• Other parts of speech used as interjections
•• Diagraming interjections
•• Recognizing and diagraming:
•• Nominative absolute and expletives
•• Nominative absolute phrases
•• Word study:
•• Using the dictionary:
•• Kinds of dictionaries
•• Selecting a dictionary
•• Using the dictionary
•• Parts of the dictionary
•• Usage and diction:
•• Levels of usage
•• Using correct diction
•• Using clear and effective diction
•• Appropriateness
•• Exactness and vividness
•• Figurative language
•• Gobbledygook
126
Grammar & Comp. cont. p. 127
English
Grade 12
Grammar & Composition cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Editing the paper: check each paragraph, sentence, word;
•• Abbreviations in citation entries
•• Ellipsis marks in quotations
•• Block quotations
capitali­zation and punctuation
Composition cont.
•• Documentation for research paper:
•• Parenthetical citations
•• Endnotes and footnotes
•• Typing instructions
•• Research paper cont.:
•• Typing the paper:
•• General information
•• Formatting pages: title page, pledge page, outline page,
first page, and succeeding pages
•• Inserting footnotes or endnotes
•• Additional guidelines:
Vocabulary, Poetry Grade 12
nt
te
la
s
ou
eti
fac
Fifth Edition
ur p
en
s
cu
rso
r
av
ive p
re
banal entrepren
e
rion
rite
e c
e rs
na
y i
cras
syn
idio
ne
Knowing and using a selection of choice vocabulary words gives high school students an advantage,
whether it is in a job interview, on a college entrance exam, or simply in meeting today’s expectations for
expression and communication. Mastering the vocabulary words in Vocabulary, Poetry VI will help students
in their writing, speaking, and reading comprehension. Many of the words are taken from English Literature.
Students will study the antonyms and synonyms included with the definitions and learn prefixes, root words,
and suffixes, expanding their vocabulary even further. Students will also memorize ten poems throughout
the year. The students will benefit from reciting and memorizing poetry.
ote
ric
fea
jux
sib
t ap
le
ose
es
Added Enrichment
•• Vocabulary lists (12):
•• Total words and definitions (144)
•• Organized by word origin or by
roots, prefixes, and suffixes
•• Practice exercises (100) including:
•• Pretest over vocabulary words and
their meanings
•• Cumulative review of vocabulary
Evaluation
•• Each vocabulary word includes:
•• Vocabulary chart showing:
•• Pronunciation, etymology, part of •• Prefixes (48), suffixes (48)
•• Greek and Latin roots and
speech
•• Definition, sample sentence
meanings (100)
•• Synonyms, antonyms
•• Guidelines for solving analogy
•• Related forms of the word
questions
•• Index includes vocabulary words;
•• Pronunciation key
•• Weekly quizzes (8)
•• Quarterly review (1 each 9 weeks;
each counts as 2 quiz grades)
•• Poetry quizzes: written (9),
oral (1)
prefixes, roots, suffixes; synonyms
antonyms
words and definitions
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Skills Development
Poetry Skills Development
hhMaster
vocabulary words and definitions
•• Use vocabulary words in sentences and in proper context
•• Memorize vocabulary definitions
•• Master 48 prefixes, 100 roots, and 48 suffixes
•• Learn more than 1,000 synonyms, antonyms, and related words for
vocabulary words
•• Analyze word meanings based on their prefixes, roots, and suffixes
•• Develop ability to solve analogy questions
•• Apply spelling and phonics concepts through teacher-directed oral
practice and independent written practice
hhMemorize
10 lyrical poems
•• Develop appreciation for poetry
•• Lay foundation for future literature study
•• Recite in unison
•• Use appropriate expression and volume
•• Increase vocabulary
•• Demonstrate comprehension of emotion and content
•• Develop a mental visualization of the poem
•• Discuss meaning and purpose of poems
•• Use proper punctuation in writing and reciting poems
127
English
Grade 12
Literature Grade 12
C lassics for C hristians
F OURTH E DITION
´*tX!K¨
English Literature presents a chronological study of English literature from the Anglo-Saxon period
to the Modern Age (twentieth century). Classics such as Beowulf, The Importance of Being Earnest,
Pride and Prejudice, Paradise Lost, Robinson Crusoe, David Copperfield, and The Canterbury Tales
were chosen not only for their literary value but also for their character development. Students will
learn about a variety of literary genres and will further analyze literature through in-depth studies of
a tragedy, an allegory, and a novel. In order to help students visualize the works and time periods
they are studying, English Literature contains a variety of illustrations and photographs of English
people, places, and art.
10845601
Literary Value
Added Enrichment
writers such as Elizabeth Barrett
Browning, Geoffrey Chaucer, Daniel
Defoe, Charles Wesley, and Oscar
Wilde
•• Prose selections (24), poems (221),
plays (4), essays (13), devotional
works (7), and sermon (1)
terms
unfamiliar words
•• Comprehension and discussion
•• Glossary of literary terms
•• Unit reviews
questions after selections
•• Character-building quotations and •• Introduction to each literary period
verses
describing literary characteristics of
•• Introductory paragraphs for interthat age
est and background information
•• 105 authors, including well-known
•• Footnotes define and explain
•• Author biographies and literary
Evaluation
•• Comprehension quizzes (22)
•• Homework reading quizzes (29)
•• Tests (8), 9-weeks exam (2)
•• Semester exam, final exam
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Reading Skills Development
Comprehension, Discussion, & Analysis
Skills Development
•• Develop skills in reading comprehension
•• Further develop oral reading skills
•• Be able to identify significant quotations and the selections in which
hhRead
entire works: The Pilgrim’s Progress and Macbeth
•• Develop proper discernment according to the truths of Scripture
•• Answer factual, interpretive, and inferential comprehension and dis-
they are featured
•• Increase vocabulary
•• Further develop writing skills
cussion questions
•• Improve ability to use deductive reasoning, understand cause and
hhStudy
various literary forms: lyric and epic poetry, drama, allegory,
Romantic and Victorian poetry, and modern fiction
•• Study meaning and use of literary terms and devices such as theme,
plot, imagery, figurative language, analogy, aside, caesura, carol,
comic relief, exemplum, idyll, kenning, madrigal, metonymy, ode,
rondeau, scop, currealism, and terza rima
•• Study historical backgrounds and writing techniques to better understand each literary period
hhStudy the development of plot, theme, setting, and character(s) in
short stories, essays, and other notable works of English literature
128
effect, and draw conclusions
•• Build appreciation for good literature and a love of reading
•• Develop an understanding of people’s motives and feelings while
recognizing consequences of particular actions
•• Learn to analyze literature while studying selections
•• Comprehend and appreciate the basic elements of a work of literature
•• Learn to appreciate the rhyme, rhythm, and figurative language of
poetry
Mathematics
Grade 7
Basic Mathematics Grade 7
7
Fourth Edition
´.t'!#¨
14840701



Traditional MATH SERIES

Basic Mathematics is the capstone of arithmetic studies. Students must solidify their skills
in arithmetic and be confident, competent operational problem solvers before moving on to
algebra.
Basic Mathematics builds on the foundation set in grades 1–6 by the incremental review and
practice of whole numbers, fractions, decimals, ratios, percents, and measurements. Students
continue to practice their arithmetic skills by applying them to finances and mathematics in
daily life. Units on statistics, algebra, plane and solid geometry introduce students to higher
mathematics.
Word problems and the Problem Solving Strategies feature ensure that students can apply
their mathematical skills to everyday situations, and it encourages them to connect varying types of mathematical knowledge. Skills development exercises and abundant practice
­problems help students to work quickly and accurately.
Evaluation
•• Quizzes (34)
•• Skills development
exercises (54)
•• Tests (8)
•• 9-weeks exam (2)
•• Semester exam
•• Final exam
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Mental arithmetic
•• Timed mastery
•• Word problems
•• Axiom
Numbers
•• Place value:
•• Whole numbers to the 100 billions’ place
•• Decimals to the millionths’ place
•• Writing numbers up to 100 billions
•• Terms: notation, numeration, prime numbers, composite numbers
•• Reading numbers
•• Rounding: whole numbers, money, decimals
•• Roman numerals:
•• Value of I, V, X, L, C, D, M
•• Rules for forming Roman numerals
•• Prime numbers
•• Eratosthenes sieve
hhPrime
Multiplication
•• Terms: factors, partial product, product
•• Whole numbers, fractions, decimals, compound measures,
by powers of ten
numbers
•• Checking by reversing factors and by casting out 9s
•• Recognize symbol: · (raised dot)
•• Mental arithmetic
•• Timed mastery
•• Word problems
•• Factors:
•• Finding common and greatest common factor
•• Prime factors
•• Prime factoring:
•• Division by primes
•• Factoring tree
•• Least common multiple
hhFactorial
•• Axiom
hhSigned
pair, reciprocal
•• Composite numbers
hhNumber
line
•• Signed numbers:
•• Reading and writing, zero as a reference point
hhAbsolute
value, comparing, adding, subtracting, multiplying,
­ ividing
d
•• Using number sense
Addition
•• Terms: addend, sum
•• Whole numbers, fractions, decimals, compound measures
Division
hhSigned
numbers with and without a number line
•• Checking by addition and by casting out 9s
•• Mental arithmetic
•• Timed mastery
•• Arithmetic progression
•• Word problems
hhPrinciple: distributive
•• Axiom
•• Terms: dividend, divisor, quotient, remainder
•• Estimating quotients
•• Whole numbers, fractions, decimals
hhCompound
hhSigned
numbers
•• Checking by multiplying and by casting out 9s
•• Divisibility rules
•• Divisors: 4 digits
Subtraction
hhDivision
•• Terms: minuend, subtrahend, difference
•• Whole numbers, fractions, decimals, compound measures
hhSigned
measures
•• By powers of ten
with end zeros
•• Mental arithmetic
•• Timed mastery
•• Word problems
•• Axiom
numbers
•• Checking by addition
129
Basic Mathematics cont. p. 130
Mathematics
Grade 7
Basic Mathematics cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• The base when given percentage and percent
•• Discounts
Fractions
•• Terms: numerator, denominator
•• Equivalent fractions
•• Reducing
•• Types:
•• Proper, improper, mixed
hhCommission,
rate of commission, amount of sales
•• Percent given as more or less than
Measures
•• Metric prefixes
•• Length:
•• English: inch, foot, yard, mile
•• Metric: millimeter, centimeter, decimeter, meter, decameter,
hhComplex
•• Addition, subtraction, multiplication, division
•• Timed mastery
•• Word problems
­hectometer, kilometer
cubit, span, finger, fathom
•• Capacity:
•• English: teaspoon, tablespoon, fluid ounce, cup, pint, quart, gallon,
peck, bushel
•• Metric: milliliter, centiliter, deciliter, liter, decaliter, hectoliter, k
­ iloliter
hhBiblical: log, hin, bath, ephah, homer, cor
•• Time: second, minute, hour, day, week, month, year, leap year,
decade, score, century, millennium
•• Weight:
•• English: ounce, pound, ton
•• Metric: milligram, centigram, decigram, gram, decagram, hectogram, kilogram
hhBiblical: shekel, dram, menah, gerah, talent, mince, litra
hhMetric-English approximate relationships
•• Converting measures within the same system
hhConverting measures between English and metric systems
•• Compound measures:
•• Adding, subtracting, multiplying
hhDividing
•• Square measures:
•• English: square inches, square feet, square yards, acres, square miles
•• Metric: square centimeters, square meters, hectares, square
­kilometers
•• Timed mastery
hhSimplifying
complex fractions
•• Changing fractions to decimals and decimals to fractions
hhBiblical:
Decimals
•• Place value to the millionths’ place
•• Mixed
•• Reading and writing
•• Comparing
•• Addition, subtraction, multiplication, division
•• Timed mastery
•• Word problems
•• Rounding
•• Money
•• Multiplying and dividing by powers of ten
•• Changing fractions to decimals
•• Terminating, repeating
•• Nonterminating and nonrepeating
•• Converting repeating decimals to fractions
Ratios
•• Terms: antecedent, consequent
•• Reading and writing
•• Equivalents
•• Word problems
Money & Finances
Proportions
•• Terms: means, extremes
•• Reading and writing
•• Finding missing terms
•• Word problems
•• Banking: checking and savings account
•• Budgeting
•• Borrowing money
Percents
hhTaxes:
hhBiblical:
shekel, mite, dram, pence, farthing, talent, gerah
hhInsurance:
life, health, homeowners, automobile
income, sales
hhIncome: salary, commission, piecework, tip
•• Purchasing electricity and natural gas
•• Recognize symbol: % (percent)
•• Reading and writing:
•• Percent as a fraction, decimal
•• Decimals as a percent
•• Fractions as a percent
•• Subtracting from 100%
•• Percents over 100% and under 1%
•• Percents ending in fractions
•• Word Problems
•• Finding:
•• Percentage of a whole number, money
•• Percents when given percentage and base
•• Percent of increase and decrease
Graphing, Statistics, & Probability
•• Graphs:
•• Bar, pictograph, line, circle, rectangle
hhHistogram
hhStatistics:
range, mean, median, mode
•• Finding probability
•• Scale drawing: finding distance on maps
130
Basic Mathematics cont. p. 131
Mathematics
Grade 7
Basic Mathematics cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Triangles: right, isosceles, equilateral, sum of angles
•• Using a compass and protractor
•• Constructions:
•• Angles, bisecting angles
Pre-Algebra
•• Algebraic expressions:
hhTerms,
reading and writing
•• Operational order, equations
hhPerpendicular
lines
algebra in geometric problems
•• Circle:
•• Center, radius, diameter, arc, semicircle, angle, vertex, degree
•• Circumference using diameter and radius formulas
•• Area
hhSolid geometry:
hhSolid figures: rectangular solid, cube, triangular prism, square pyramid, cylinder, cone, sphere
hhFormulas for finding surface area of rectangular solid, cube, square
pyramid, cylinder
hhFormulas for finding volume of rectangular solid, cube, square pyramid, cylinder, cone
•• One- and two-step equations: addition, subtraction, multiplication,
hhUsing
and division axioms
hhUsing algebra to solve word problems
•• Terms:
hhVariable
•• Base, exponent, root
hhMonomial, binomial, trinomial, polynomial
hhFormulas expressed on tables and graphs
hhSigned numbers
hhComparing, adding, subtracting, multiplying, dividing
hhAbsolute value
•• Square roots:
•• Radical sign, perfect square
hhExtracting the square root
•• Evaluating algebraic expressions
hhDistributive principle
hhCombining like terms
hhSolving equations after simplifying
hhEliminating fractions in equations
Trigonometry
hhTerms:
hypotenuse, legs, sine, cosine, tangent
rule: finding length of hypotenuse and legs
hhFinding the sine, cosine, and tangent using the formula and trigonometric ratios chart
hhPythagorean
Problem Solving & Applications
Mathematical Geography
•• Word problems:
•• Addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, fractions, decimals
•• Money, averages, proportions, percents, measures, time, graphs
•• Time:
•• Table of time: second, minute, hour, day, week, month, year, leap
year, decade, score, century, millennium
hhEquations,
•• Prime Meridian, International Date Line
hhTime
zone conversions
•• Daylight Savings Time
•• Longitude and latitude, degrees
hhChoosing
the better method
the problem
hhReading a chart
hhUsing algebra and formulas
•• Writing and solving a ratio
•• Applications
•• 13 Multi-step Problem Solving Strategies:
•• Percent:
•• Discount
hhCommission
•• Simple interest, profit, and loss
•• Measures
hhAdjusting recipes
•• Banking: checking and savings accounts, budgeting, borrowing
money, installment buying
hhInsurance: life, health, homeowners, automobile
hhTaxes: income, sales
hhIncome: salary, commission, piecework, tip
hhComparative shopping: unit pricing
•• Purchasing electricity: current, kilowatt, reading electric meter
•• Purchasing natural gas: cubic feet, reading gas meter
•• Scale drawings: maps
•• Time: time zones
hhGeometry
•• Temperature:
•• Thermometer, degrees
hhClimate
hhSimplifying
zones: torrid, temperate, frigid
•• Converting Celsius to Fahrenheit and Fahrenheit to Celsius
hhTemperature
and altitude: finding the drop in temperature
Geometry
•• Plane Geometry:
•• Symbols and definitions:
•• Point, line segment, congruent, line, ray, angle, vertex
•• Right angle, intersecting lines, perpendicular lines, parallel lines,
plane
•• Geometric plane shapes:
•• Simple closed shape, similar shapes, congruent shapes
•• Polygon, triangle, quadrilateral, parallelogram, rectangle, square
•• Rhombus, trapezoid, pentagon, hexagon, heptagon, octagon
•• Perimeter of rectangle, parallelogram, square, triangle
•• Area:
•• Of rectangle, square, parallelogram, triangle
hhOf
trigonometry
•• Mixed operations
•• One- to four-step problems
trapezoid
•• Angles:
•• Right, acute, obtuse, straight, in a circle
•• Measuring, constructing, and bisecting angles
131
Mathematics
Grade 8
Pre-Algebra Grade 8
Pre-Algebra completes the span of study between elementary arithmetic and the more
advanced study of mathematics at the high school level. It not only provides mathemati­cal
tools for daily practical use, such as banking, graphs, statistics, and measurements, but is an
excellent introduction to algebra, geometry, and trigonometry. Many links from arithmetic
to algebra are highlighted throughout the book.
8
´.f¡!A¨
14709501
Frequent word problems and the Problem Solving Strategies feature ensure that ­students
can apply their mathematical skills to real-life ­situations. The problems and strategies also
encourage them to connect varying types of mathematical knowledge.


Evaluation
•• Written quizzes (34)
•• Skills development
excercises (57)
•• Tests (8)
•• 9-weeks exam (2)
•• Semester exam
•• Final exam
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Factors:
•• Common and greatest common factor
•• Prime factoring: division by primes
•• Common and least common multiple
•• Timed mastery
•• Mental arithmetic
•• Word problems
Numbers
•• Place value
•• Terms: notation, numeration, whole numbers, prime, compos-
ite, natural (counting) ­numbers, integers, rational and irrational
numbers
•• Order of operations
•• Rounding: whole numbers, decimals
•• Roman numerals:
•• Value of I, V, X, L, C, D, M
•• Rules for forming Roman numerals
•• Number sentences:
hhGreater than and less than
•• Order of operations (with and without parenthesis)
•• Signed numbers
hhScientific notation
Division
•• Terms: dividend, divisor, quotient
•• Steps of division
•• Whole numbers, fractions, decimals, by powers of ten, compound
measures, signed numbers
•• Timed mastery
•• Mental arithmetic
•• Word problems
Addition
•• Terms: addend, sum
•• Whole numbers, fractions, decimals, compound measures,
Fractions
•• Terms: numerator, denominator
•• Types: mixed number, proper, improper, complex
•• Equivalent
•• Reducing
•• Addition, subtraction, multiplication, division
•• Simplifying complex fractions
•• Changing fractions to decimals and decimals to fractions
•• Word problems
signed numbers with and without a number line
hhPrinciples:
hhCommutative, associative, identity
•• Distributive
•• Timed mastery
•• Mental arithmetic
•• Word problems
Subtraction
Decimals
•• Terms: minuend, subtrahend, difference
•• Whole numbers, fractions, decimals, compound measures,
•• Reading and writing
•• Place value to the ten millionths’ place
•• Types: mixed, terminating, repeating, nonterminating, nonrepeat-
signed numbers with and without a number line
•• Timed mastery
•• Mental arithmetic
•• Word problems
ing
•• Comparing, rounding
•• Addition, subtraction, multiplication, division
•• Changing decimals to fractions, fractions to decimals
Multiplication
hhScientific
•• Terms: factors, product
•• Recognize symbols: x (multiplication sign); · (raised dot)
•• Whole numbers, fractions, decimals, by powers of ten, com-
notation
•• Timed mastery
•• Word problems
pound measures, signed numbers including two or more factors
hhPrinciples:
hhCommutative,
•• Distributive
associative, identity
132
Pre-Algebra cont. p. 133
Mathematics
Grade 8
Pre-Algebra cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Temperature:
•• Degree
•• Fahrenheit and Celsius: freezing and boiling points of water and
Ratios & Proportions
•• Ratios:
•• Terms: antecedent, consequent
•• Reading and writing
•• Reducing and equivalents
•• Word problems
•• Proportions:
•• Terms: means, extremes
•• Finding missing terms by cross multiplication
•• Word problems
normal body temperature
•• Converting Celsius to Fahrenheit and Fahrenheit to Celsius
•• Temperature zones
•• Compound measures: adding, subtraction, multiplying, dividing
•• Converting measures within the same system and from metric to
English and English to metric
•• Metric-English approximate equivalents
Algebra
Percents
•• Terms:
•• Variables
•• Recognize symbol: % (percent)
•• Writing decimals as percents
•• Percents less than 1% and more than 100%
•• Percent given as more or less than
•• Finding:
•• The percentage, percent, and base using decimal methods
hhThe
hhNumerical
hhSurd
•• Like and unlike terms
•• Reading and writing algebraic expressions
•• Adding and subtracting like terms
•• Order of operations
•• Evaluating algebraic expressions
percentage, percent, and base using ratio methods
•• Percent of increase and decrease
•• Discount, rate of discount, sale price, commission, rate of com-
hhMultiplying
monomials, polynomials by monomials,
polynomials by polynomials
hhDividing monomials, polynomials by monomials
•• Equations:
•• Addition, subtraction, multiplication, division axioms
•• Eliminating fractions
hhEliminating decimals
hhUsing algebra to solve word problems
•• Formulas expressed by tables and graphs
•• Signed numbers:
•• Zero used as reference point
•• Signs of operation and direction
•• Absolute value
•• Comparing, adding and subtracting with and without the number
line, multiplying, and dividing
•• Evaluating algebraic expressions with signed numbers
•• Combining like terms with signed numbers
•• Square root:
•• Terms: radical sign, radicand, index, principal square root, perfect square
•• Extracting the square root
hhSimplifying irrationals
•• Word problems
mission
hhPercent
of profit and loss based on cost and on selling price
Measures
•• Linear:
•• English: inch, foot, yard, mile
•• Metric: millimeter, centimeter, decimeter, meter, decameter,
hectometer, kilometer
•• Biblical: reed, cubit, span, finger
•• Capacity:
•• English: teaspoon, tablespoon, fluid ounce, cup, pint, quart,
gallon, peck, bushel
•• Metric: milliliter, centiliter, deciliter, liter, decaliter, hectoliter,
kiloliter
•• Biblical: homer, ephah, cor, bath, hin, log
•• Weight:
•• English: ounce, pound, ton
•• Metric: milligram, centigram, decigram, gram, decagram, hec-
togram, kilogram
•• Biblical: talent, menah, shekel, dram
•• Time:
•• Second, minute, hour, day, week, month, year, leap year,
decade, century, millennium
•• Time zones
hhSpeed:
and literal coefficients
•• Terms, polynomial, monomial, binomial, trinomial, base, e
­ xponent
Graphing, Statistics, Probability
formula to compute speed, distance, and time
•• Terms: data, statistics, rank, range, graph
•• Graphs:
•• Pictograph, bar, line, circle, rectangle, histogram
•• Scale drawing and finding distance on maps
•• Statistics: mean, median, mode
•• Probability:
•• Money:
•• Biblical: talent of pure gold, talent, menah, shekel, pence,
­farthing, mite
•• Square measures:
•• English: square inches, square feet, square yards, square miles,
acres
hhFormula
•• Metric: square centimeters, square meters, hectares, square
hhProbability
­ ilometers
k
hhCubic measures:
hhEnglish: cubic inches, cubic feet, cubic yards
hhMetric: cubic centimeters, cubic meters
133
of independent data
Pre-Algebra cont. p. 134
Mathematics
Grade 8
Pre-Algebra cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Triangles:
•• Types:
Business Mathematics
•• Terms: employers, employees
•• Income: salary, hourly, piecework wages, commission, tips, gross
hhAcute,
pay, net pay
•• Taxes:
•• Income
hhScalene
•• Similar, congruent
•• Constructions:
•• Angles, bisecting angles
hhProperty
•• Sales
•• Budget
•• Banking:
•• Check, deposit slip, balancing checkbook
hhReconciling
obtuse
•• Right, equiangular, equilateral, isosceles
hhLine
segments, congruent angles
perpendicular to a given line segment, parallel lines
hhTriangles when given length of three sides, given two angles
and included side and, given two sides and the included angle
•• Perimeter: polygon, rectangle, square, triangle
•• Circumference: formulas when given diameter or radius
•• Area: rectangle, square, parallelogram, triangle, trapezoid, circle
•• Geometric solid shapes:
•• Prism, rectangular prism, cube, triangular prism, pyramid,
square pyramid, cylinder, cone, sphere
•• Surface area: rectangular prism, cube, square pyramid, cylinder
•• Volume: rectangular prism, cube, square pyramid, cylinder, cone
hhLine
monthly statements
•• Borrowing money:
•• Simple interest, installment buying
hhConstant
ratio formula
interest formula
hhBuying bonds and stocks
•• Insurance: life, health, fire, automobile
hhCompound
Geometry
•• Models and symbols:
•• Point, line, line segment, ray, angle, parallel lines, perpendicular,
right angle
hhSimilar to, congruent to, arc
•• Triangle
•• Plane geometric figures:
•• Curve, closed curve, simple closed curve, polygon, triangle
•• Quadrilateral, parallelogram, rectangle, rhombus, square,
trapezoid
•• Pentagon, hexagon, heptagon, octagon, circle
•• Lines:
•• Line, line segment, ray, intersecting, perpendicular
hhSkew
•• Angles:
•• Terms: sides, vertex, degree
•• Types:
•• Right, acute, obtuse, straight
hhReflex, central
hhAdjacent
•• Congruent
hhVertical, complementary, supplementary
•• In a circle
•• Measuring, constructing
•• Using a compass and protractor
•• Circle:
•• Terms:
•• Center, radius, diameter, arc, semicircle
hhChord
Trigonometry
•• Terms: hypotenuse, legs, sine, cosine, tangent
•• Pythagorean formula: to find length of hypotenuse and legs
•• Finding sine, cosine, tangent using formulas and trigonometric
table
Problem Solving & Applications
•• Word problems:
•• Addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, rounding, fractions
•• Decimals, ratios, proportions, measures, percent, time, graphs
•• Statistics, probability, maps, commission, gross pay
•• Net pay, taxes, budget, interest
hhBuying
stocks and bonds
•• Insurance, geometry, trigonometry
hhScientific
notation
•• One-, two-, and three-step problems
•• Applications:
•• Making change, unit pricing, percent of discount, commission
hhProfit,
loss
•• Measures, time zones
hhWind
chill factor
•• Banking:
•• Writing checks, filling out deposit slips, balancing a checkbook
hhReconciling
monthly statements, buying stocks and bonds
•• Insurance, taxes
•• Mental arithmetic: problems combining addition, subtraction,
multiplication, and division with up to 18 numbers
•• 13 Multi-step Problem Solving Strategies
134
Mathematics
Grade 9
Algebra 1 Grade 9
Algebra is an extension of arithmetic, and the concepts and procedures of arithmetic are
used as the foundation upon which the study of algebra is built. Algebra supplies the
language and patterns of reasoning used in the sciences and other branches of knowledge.
Algebraic axioms are used to form and solve equations.
Algebra 1 uses mathematical ideas in solving problems ranging from everyday applications
to applications in the physical and biological sciences.
Supplementary Exercises
•• Progress test, improvement test, and test
for high rank at end of each chapter
•• Exercises at end of text:
•• Graphing, addition and subtraction,
parentheses
Evaluation
•• Multiplication, division, special cases in
multiplication, factoring
•• Fractions, equations involving fractions
•• Ratios and proportions, formulas
•• Exponents and radicals, quadratic equations
•• General review, general review tests, final review
•• Quizzes (57)
•• Tests (8)
•• 9-weeks exam (2)
•• Semester exam
•• Final exam
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Introductory Processes
Numbers
Algebraic Numbers
•• Positive and negative numbers, absolute value
•• Addition and subtraction using the number line
•• Algebraic sums, prime numbers
•• Using letters, notation
•• Making algebraic statements from words, solving word problems
hhAccuracy,
•• Terms, coefficients, factors, variables
•• Products:
•• With multiple factors
hhWith
Operations
hhAxioms:
subtraction, division, addition, multiplication, equality,
­substitution
•• Adding and subtracting monomials
hhAdding and subtracting polynomials
hhSolving equations, checking solutions
hhUsing parentheses, grouping terms
•• Product of monomials, monomial and a polynomial, polynomials
•• Division of monomials, a polynomial by a monomial
hhDivision of a polynomial by a polynomial
hhWord problems
hhRules for operations
signed factors
•• Monomials, binomials, trinomials, polynomials
•• Combining terms, exponents
hhDegree
of a term
•• Order of operation: addition and subtraction, multiplication
and division, parentheses
Graphs
•• Number line, scale, reading graphs
hhHorizontal
significant figures, rounded numbers
and vertical axes
•• Bar graphs, circle graphs
Products
hhCurved-line
graph
•• Broken-line graph, line graph
•• Prime numbers
hhSimilar
binomials, binomials with a common term
squaring binomials
hhSum and difference of two numbers
hhWord problems
hhRules for operations
hhFOIL,
Formulas & Equations
•• Used to make a table, an arithmetic rule
hhUsed
as an algebraic statement
variables, constants, functions
hhSubstituting values
•• Solving:
hhUniform motion
•• Velocity
hhAcceleration, momentum, force, temperature conversions
hhDegree of a term, degree of an equation
hhSolving equations
hhWord problems
hhRules for solving equations
hhGraphing,
Factoring
hhExpressions
with a common factor
that are products of similar binomials
hhTrinomials that are squares
hhDifference of two squares
hhWhen either square is a square of a polynomial
hhBy finding prime factors
hhWord problems
hhRules for operations
hhTrinomials
135
Algebra 1 cont. p. 136
Mathematics
Grade 9
Algebra 1 cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Fractions
Powers & Roots
•• Review of numeric fractions:
•• Nature of, multiplication of
•• Numerator and denominator
•• Proper and improper fractions, mixed numbers and complex
hhTerms
•• Squares and square roots:
•• Radical sign, radicand
hhPrincipal
square root, principal root
of number raised to a power, positive numbers, a
product, fractions, polynomials
hhRoots of numbers, of monomials
•• Square root of a polynomial:
•• By extraction
hhBy estimation
hhCube roots by factoring
hhUsing a calculator to find powers and roots
hhGeneral principles
fractions
•• Reducing to lowers terms, adding and subtracting
•• Changing mixed numbers to fractions
•• Multiplying and dividing, simplifying complex fractions
•• General principles and terminology
hhPowers
Algebraic Fractions
hhReducing,
reducing to lowest terms, simplifying
common factor
hhChanging to: a required denominator, a mixed expression,
least common denominator
hhAddition and subtraction, multiplication and division
hhReciprocals
hhComplex fractions
•• Clearing equations of fractions
hhWord problems with fractions
hhGeneral principles
Exponents & Radicals
Ratios, Proportions, & Variation
hhGraphic
hhGreatest
•• Notation, radical, radicand
hhOrder
of an expression
•• Numbers with:
•• Exponent of zero
hhA
negative exponent, a fractional exponent
representation of second order radicals
hhRational and irrational numbers
hhSimplifying radical expression, reducing radical expressions
hhReducing the index of a root, reducing radicals to the same order
hhRadicals: addition and subtraction, multiplication and division,
finding powers
hhRationalizing a denominator
hhGeneral principles
•• Definitions, terms
hhVariable,
constant
proportional
hhWord problems
hhGeneral principles
hhMean
Linear Equations
•• Defined
hhMembers
hhSolving
Quadratic Equations
hhAs
hhFirst
by inspection, by axioms, roots
word statements
hhGraphs
hhIntegral and fractional equations, solution of literal equations
hhWord problems
hhGeneral principles
degree and quadratic equations
solution of quadratic equations: parabolas and a
minimum point
hhAlgebraic solution of incomplete quadratic equations
hhFormulas
hhAlgebraic solution of complete quadratic equations
hhSolving by completing the square, using the quadratic formula
hhMiscellaneous quadratic equations
hhWord problems
hhGeneral principles
hhGraphic
Linear Systems of Equations
hhGraphing
and terms: point of intersection, origin, abscissa,
­ rdinate, coordinates, quadrants, axes
o
hhGraphs of linear equations
hhEquations: indeterminate, dependent, independent, simultaneous, inconsistent
hhSolution of linear equations: graphic, algebraic
hhElimination by addition and subtraction, by substitution
hhSystems of linear equations
hhChecking algebraic solutions by graphing
hhSolving word problems
hhGeneral principles
Geometry
•• Isosceles triangle, square, rectangle, cube, parallelogram,
trapezoid
•• Circle, right triangle, regular polygon, rectangular solid, cone
•• Pyramid, cylinder of revolution, sphere
136
Algebra 1 cont. p. 137
Mathematics
Grades 9–10
Algebra 1 cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Pythagorean theorem
•• Similar figures:
•• Relationships of corresponding sides
Geometry cont.
•• Perimeter, area, volume, Pythagorean theorem, altitude
•• Circumference, diameter, radius
•• Similar figures
hhProportional
hhProportional
hhRelationships
lengths, areas
areas and volumes of similar solids
hhAngles
of elevation and depression
triangles: 30°-60°-90°; 45°-45°-90°
•• Solving right triangles
•• Using a table
hhInterpolation of values of a function using a table
•• Using a calculator
hhSpecial
Trigonometry
•• Vertex, angle, degrees, types of angles
•• Protractor and types of triangles
hhSum
of corresponding angles
•• Trigonometric ratios:
•• Tangent, sine, and cosine
of the angles of a triangle
Algebra 2 Grade 10
Algebra 2 presents a thorough review of elementary algebra and will help the student acquire
important manipulative algebraic skills. Students will develop self-reliance and confidence in their
accuracy by repeated insistence on the checking of algebraic solutions. The students’ understanding of the algebraic concepts will advance to prepare them for further study in mathematics.
Supplementary Exercises
•• Progress test and improvement text at end of
each chapter
•• For Experts Only test at end of most chapters
•• Historic character interest stories: Robert
Recorde, Sir Isaac Newton, René Descartes,
Leonhard Euler, Albert Einstein
Evaluation
•• Algebra in Action—Interest Scenarios: Kinetic
Energy, Medicine, Air Resistance and Bicycles,
Rope Strength, ­Hull Speed, Is it likely to rain?
•• Quizzes (46)
•• Tests (8)
•• 9-weeks exam (2)
•• Semester exam
•• Final exam
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Multiplication and division of polynomials
•• Special cases of multiplication
Introductory Review
•• Words as algebraic expressions
•• Terms and symbols
•• Number line
•• Order of operations
•• Addition and subtraction of polynomials
•• Equations involving addition and subtraction
hhInequalities
hhSynthetic
division
•• Special cases of division
•• Solving equations and literal equations
hhSolving
inequalities
•• Algebraic representation
•• General principles
involving addition and subtraction
•• Word problems
137
Algebra 2 cont. p. 138
Mathematics
Grade 10
Algebra 2 cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Factoring
Variation & Dependence
hhSum
•• Constants, functions
•• Domain, range
•• Ratios
•• Proportions:
•• Means, extremes
•• Fundamental law of proportions
•• Review factor, prime factor, monomial factors
•• Perfect square trinomials
•• Difference of two squares
hhVariables:
or difference: of two cubes, of the same odd powers
of even powers of two numbers
•• Quadratic trinomial, general quadratics
hhPolynomials with common polynomial factors
hhMaking a perfect square trinomial for factoring
hhApplying by solving equations
hhGeneral principles
hhDifference
hhVariation:
hhDirect,
inverse
to geometric solids
hhIn construction of formulas
hhEmpirical formulas
hhGraphs of variation
hhWord problems
hhApplied
Rational Expressions & Equations in One Variable
hhSigns
in fractions
numbers and expressions
hhEquivalent fractions
hhLowest term
hhReducing a fractional algebraic expression
hhLeast common denominator of algebraic fractions
hhAddition and subtraction of algebraic fractions
hhMultiplication and division of algebraic fractions
hhComplex algebraic fractions
hhEquations in one variable:
hhRoot of, extraneous root
hhRational and non-rational
hhLinear form
hhClearing equations of fractions
hhLiteral equations
hhFormulas of
hhGeneral principles
hhRational
Systems of Equations
•• Simultaneous equations: elimination by addition and subtrac-
tion, by substitution
•• Systems of literal equations
hhWith
three unknowns
principles
hhWord problems
hhGeneral
Powers & Roots
•• Power
•• Root:
•• Index of
hhOdd
or even root
hhReal,
imaginary
•• Square, cube
•• Principal
Coordinate Geometry
hhBinomial
theorem
triangle
hhFinding the rth term of an expansion of (a + b)n
•• Square root of a polynomial
hhFinding roots by factoring
•• Finding powers and roots using a calculator
hhWord problems
hhGeneral principles
hhGraphs:
hhPascal’s
•• Coordinate plane
hhx-axis,
independent, dependent
y-axis, origin
•• Abscissa, ordinate
•• Rectangular coordinates, quadrants
hhx-intercept,
y-intercept
graphs to solve word problems
•• Graphing linear equations by table
hhGraphing linear equations by slope-intercept form
hhGraphing linear inequalities
hhSlope:
hhFrom two points
hhVariation, undefined
hhPerpendicular and parallel lines
hhDistance between two points
hhPythagorean theorem
hhMidpoint
hhEquation of a line using two points, point-slope form
hhUsing
Exponents, Radicals, & Imaginary Numbers
•• Exponent theory: general principles, zero, negative values, ­
fractional values
hhOperations
hhScientific
notation
•• Reduction of radicals: radicand, order, rational and irrational
numbers
•• Reducing radicals to the same order
•• Addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division of radicals
138
Algebra 2 cont. p. 139
Mathematics
Grade 10
Algebra 2 cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Exponents, Radicals, & Imaginary Numbers cont.
hhDomain
and range of logarithmic functions
properties: products, quotients, powers
hhAntilogarithms: original number, calculators
hhApplications: decibels, star magnitude, the pH scale
hhExponential functions:
hhForm, graphs, asymptotes
hhDomain and range
hhSimple and compound interest
hhSolving exponential and logarithmic equations
hhGraphs
hhRational functions: vertical and horizontal asymptotes
hhGeneral properties
hhLogarithm
•• Rationalization:
hhFactors
•• Denominators
hhConjugate
•• Powers of radicals
hhRoots
of radicals
hhApplications
hhRadical
equations
and complex numbers:
hhFundamental property of imaginaries, powers of i
hhGraphic representation, standard form
hhNumber theory: natural numbers, fractions, positive and negative numbers
hhWord problems
hhGeneral principles
hhImaginary
Trigonometry
•• Angle properties
•• Measuring tiny angles: minutes and seconds
•• Triangle properties:
•• By angle measure
Quadratic & Higher Equations
hhSum
•• Quadratic equations:
•• Defined
of angles
•• Pythagorean theorem, similar triangles
•• Trigonometric functions:
•• Of acute angles
•• Of special angles:
•• 30°-60°-90° triangle
•• 45°-45°-90° triangle
•• Triangle solutions
•• Angles of elevation and depression
•• Function values using a calculator
hhCoincident
and imaginary roots
•• Minimum points
•• Solving incomplete and complete quadratics:
•• Factoring, completing the square, quadratic formula
•• General direction
•• Literal equations
hhRadical equations leading to quadratics
hhEquations in quadratic form:
hhGraphing:
hhCircles
•• Parabolas
hhEllipses, hyperbolas
hhSystems of equations
hhSolving systems of equations involving quadratics
hhThe nature of roots of quadratics: discriminant, real or imaginary, equal or unequal
hhSolving polynomials of degree three or greater:
hhZeros, factor theorem, graphs, imaginary factors
hhFactors of nth order polynomials
hhWord problems
hhGeneral principles
hhOf
non-acute angles
of sines, cosines
hhWord problems
hhLaw
Statistics & Probability
•• Measures of central tendency:
•• Mean, median, mode
•• Bimodal, multimodal
hhMeasures
of dispersion: range, standard deviation
•• Normal distribution, frequency distribution
•• Histogram
hhCounting,
permutations, and combinations: theory and formulas
•• Probability of a single event
hhMutually and non-mutually exclusive events
•• Probability of multiple events:
•• Independent events
hhDependent events
Logarithmic, Exponential, & Rational Functions
hhIntroduction:
hhLogarithms,
base
logarithms, natural logarithms
hhCalculators
hhConverting between exponential and logarithmic form:
hhExponential equations
hhLogarithmic equations
hhCommon
139
Mathematics
Grade 10
Consumer Mathematics Grade 10
No student studying Consumer Mathematics is tempted to ask, Why do I have to learn this? No
other math course is as clearly related to knowledge and skills that are a must for every person.
Percents, proportions, fractions, decimals, word problem skills, and many other concepts are fun
to learn in the practical setting of buying a car, food, house, clothing, insurance, etc.
Consumer tips are given frequently, but most importantly, biblical principles are highlighted
throughout the text.
The accompanying workbook gives students the practice they need to master arithmetic skills
and completes the course.
Supplementary Exercises
Evaluation
•• Analytical Skills Problem Solving Scenario
•• Quizzes (35)
•• Tests (8)
•• 9-weeks exam (2)
•• Semester exam, final exam
•• Skills development exercises (optional—12)
within each chapter
•• Skills and Review Exercises Workbook
to be used simultaneously with the text
for homework and review:
•• Daily practice exercises for maintenance
of basic mathematics skills
•• Unit and exam review exercises
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Deductions:
•• Federal income tax
Buying a Car
hhCost
of a car: warranty, trade-in, options, advertisements,
taxes and fees, registration and rates
hhFinancing: installments, installment charge, carrying charge,
contract
hhDepreciation: average annual depreciation, rate of depreciation
•• Insurance:
•• Liability
hhBodily injury, property
•• Collision, comprehensive
hhDeductible, premium
hhMaintenance and repair: owner’s manual, service manual, trunk
essentials
hhAnnual operating cost
hhLeasing:
hhOpen-ended lease, closed-ended lease
hhLessee, lease agreement
hhWord problems
hhSocial
hhWord
problems
Budgeting
hhTime
budget
•• Circle graph: steps in preparing, protractor
•• Household budget:
hhItemizing
to estimate expenses
the budget, trial budget
hhBudget adjustments
hhStandardized budgets
hhDisposable income
hhWord problems
hhBalancing
Housing
hhRenting
versus buying: security deposit
•• Mortgage loans:
•• Principal, balance
Travel
•• Times zones: prime meridian, international date line
hhBy
security tax, FICA
•• Gross pay, net pay, take-home pay
hhMortgage
train or bus, renting a car
problems
loan schedule
•• Property tax
hhWord
hhAssessed
value, market value
rate: as a percent, amount per $100, per $1,000, in mills
•• Homeowner’s insurance:
hhTenant’s policies
hhRepairs and upkeep
hhFurnishing costs
•• Purchasing electricity: kilowatt-hour, electric company rates,
reading the electric meter
•• Purchasing natural gas: gas meter, cubic foot, hundred cubic
feet, natural gas rates
hhOther utility expenses: water rates, wastewater rates
Income
hhTax
•• Hourly wages, straight time, overtime, time and a half, piece-
work wages
•• Employers, employees
hhTime
clocks
bonus
•• Tips, salary
•• Commission: rate of commission, amount of sales
hhSelf-employment, fees
•• Gross income, net income
hhIncentive
140
Consumer Mathematics cont. p. 141
Mathematics
Grade 10
Consumer Mathematics cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Housing cont.
hhManufacturer’s
cost: wholesale price, total factory cost, factory
overhead, cost of a garment
hhWord problems
hhTelephone
hhWord
rates: local service, long distance
problems
Food
Leisure
hhBuying
hhTaking
food
hhGrocery shopping tips
•• Reading graphs
•• Unit price, using unit price
•• Conversion equivalents
hhInflation
hhConsumer price index
hhCost of living:
hhCities ranked by cost of groceries
hhRange statistic
•• Circle graph
•• The metric system: conversions
hhRestaurant eating: table service, fast food, chain, franchise,
­franchiser, eating-out tips, junk food
hhFood freezers
hhSaving food dollars: coupons
hhFood labeling and nutrition
hhU.S. Food and Drug Administration
hhMeasuring calories:
hhCalorie, kilocalorie
hhCalorie need: based on age, on occupation
hhCalorie content of selected foods
•• Using calories
hhBalanced diet
hhWord problems
a vacation
hhShopping
hhEnjoying
the computer:
programmer, microcomputer, history of, analog
computers, digital computers
hhBit, binary, conversions
hhCooking:
•• Recipes: conversions, adjustments
hhReading books:
•• Roman numerals in copyright
hhChurch activities
hhWord problems
hhProgram,
Federal Taxes & Records
hhSocial
security tax
•• Federal Insurance Contribution Act (FICA)
hhMedicare
•• Federal income tax
•• Progressive tax
hhW-4
form
•• Exemptions, dependents
hhWithholding
allowance
tax return:
•• W-2 form
hh1040 EZ, 1040A, 1040
hhJoint return, separate return
hhHead of household
•• State income tax:
hhSample state tax rates
hhCash records:
hhAudited
hhCash receipt record, cash payment record
hhComparing receipts and payments: deficit
hhCash payment records
hhWord problems
hhIncome
Clothing
hhClothing
plan
clothing by mail: shipping charges
hhStretching the clothing budget: clothing quality, care
hhSewing your own clothing
•• Buying clothing on sale:
•• Discount
hhList price
•• Rate of discount
hhConsumer price index for clothing
hhPrice changes
•• Profit and loss in the clothing business:
•• Cost, selling price, gross profit, net profit, overhead, loss
•• Selected business formulas: gross profit, net profit, loss
hhOperating statement: net sales, gross profit, net profit
hhMarkup on cost, finding selling price based on markup on cost
hhMarkup on retail price, finding cost based on markup on retail
hhBuying
Banking
•• Electronic transfer
•• Demand deposit
•• NOW accounts, super-NOW accounts, money-market accounts
•• Depositor
•• Monthly service charge
•• Bank balance
141
Consumer Mathematics cont. p. 142
Mathematics
Grade 10
Consumer Mathematics cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Buying stock:
Banking cont.
hhLiquid
•• ATM, PIN
•• Deposit slips
•• Writing checks:
•• Check stubs, register
hhNo-par
stock
•• Market price
hhPrice
to earnings ratio, net change
stockbroker:
hhRound lots, odd lots
hhNo-load stocks
•• Brokerage fees for stock
•• Dividends from stock:
hhCash dividends, stock dividends
hhCapital gains and losses on sale of stock:
hhBull market, bear market
hhCapital gain, capital loss
hhWord problems
hhOverdraft
•• Reconciling the bank statement:
•• Canceled checks
hhThe
hhOutstanding
checks
money:
hhPromissory note, signature loan, unsecured loan, collateral,
secured loan
•• Interest: simple interest, principal, rate of interest, time
•• Installment plans: finance charge, percent of interest
•• Constant ratio formula
•• Credit cards:
hhActive, credit line
hhSavings account
•• Compound interest:
hhExponent, base
hhCertificates of deposit, savings bonds, series EE savings
bonds, maturity date
hhRelated bank services: safety deposit box, cashier’s check,
­certified check, traveler’s checks, debit card, online banking
hhWord problems
hhBorrowing
Small Business
hhBeginning
a small business:
hhEntrepreneur
hhCapital,
owner capital, creditor capital
business ratio
hhExpenses, assets and liabilities, resources
hhNet worth
hhOwner’s equity
hhBalance sheet:
hhCurrent assets, fixed assets
hhCurrent liabilities, fixed liabilities
hhHorizontal format
hhBalance
hhRatio analysis: current ratio, quick ratio, acid-test ratio
hhIncome statement:
hhNet profit, net loss
hhPercent analysis
hhRatios related to sales:
hhAverage collection period
hhInventory turnover
hhAverage daily sales, annual sales
hhPayroll record: employees’ quarterly federal tax returns
hhBreak-even point analysis: fixed costs, variable costs
hhTrade discounts:
hhList price, gross selling price
hhChain discount
hhTrade credit: percent of discount, discount period, net, credit
period, invoice dates, E.O.M
•• Storage and inventory:
•• Volume
hhInventory
hhWord problems
hhStandard
Investments
•• Life insurance:
•• Rider, term insurance, lifetime insurance, endowment insur-
ance
•• Straight life, limited payment life, premiums
hhLife
money
•• Common stock, preferred stock, dividends, par value
insurance benefits:
•• Cash value
hhBorrowing,
extended term, accelerated death benefit, dividend
hhLife insurance settlement options:
hhLump sum payment
hhAnnuity: fixed amount, fixed number of years, lifetime, guaranteed life annuity
•• Buying bonds:
•• Bondholder, par value, premium, discount, broker, brokerage
fee
hhWall Street Journal, quoted price, net change
hhInterest paid on bonds: annual yield
hhProceeds from bonds:
hhAccrued interest
hhUsing a calculator
142
Mathematics
Grade 11
Plane Geometry Grade 11
Plane Geometry teaches students how to use known facts to verify the truth of additional facts, to
solve geometric problems, and to use deductive reasoning for drawing correct conclusions. Students
learn to think naturally, logically, and systematically whenever they encounter a proof to write, a construction to make, or a problem to solve. They are then equipped throughout life to perform such tasks
as determining which car is the better buy or identifying truth and flaws in politics.
Evaluation
Topical Interest Essays
5 Final Review Exercises
Pyramids
•• Euclid, Master of Logic; Geometry and Solomon’s
Temple
•• Archimedes, Greatest Mathematician of Antiquity
•• Geometry and the Parthenon; Blaise Pascal,
­Inventor, Mathematician, Writer
•• The Golden Ratio; Leibniz, Universal Genius
•• Notre Dame de Paris; Isaac Barrow, Teacher,
Friend of Isaac Newton
•• Kaleidoscope; Sir Christopher Wren, Mathematician
and Architect
•• The value of π; Symmetry in Nature
Quick Reference & Summaries
•• Geometry Past and Present; Geometry and the
•• Conversion tables, plane geometry notation and
formulas
•• Basic mathematics axioms, geometry principles,
­postulates, and ­informal statements
•• Quizzes (50)
•• Tests (8)
•• 9-weeks exam (2)
•• Semester exam
•• Final exam
•• Theorems and corollaries, properties of
­proportions, transformations
•• Constructions, proof methods, factual summaries
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
hhPerpendicular
Introduction to Geometry
hhPrinciples,
from a point
•• Triangle given three sides, one side and adjacent angles, two
•• Geometry defined
sides and included angle
illusions, deduction
•• Euclid’s Elements
hhNumeric applications
informal statements, axioms, postulates
hhOptical
•• Fundamental definitions: equal segments, midpoint, trisection
•• Angles:
•• Equal, bisector
hhPerigon
•• Straight angle, adjacent, right, perpendicular lines, acute,
Rectilinear Plane Figures
obtuse, reflex
hhOblique
•• Complementary, supplementary, vertical
•• Measuring angles; degrees, minutes, seconds; protractor; compass
•• Triangle:
•• Defined, vertices, base, exterior angle
hhOpposite interior angle, median
•• Altitude, scalene, isosceles, equilateral, acute, obtuse, right,
­equiangular, sum of angles
•• Polygon:
•• Defined
hhBase, adjacent sides, diagonal, convex, concave, sum of angles,
regular, center
•• Circle:
•• Defined, center, circumference, diameter, radius
hhChord, arc, semicircle, quadrant
•• Congruence:
•• Defined
hhCorresponding parts
•• Constructions:
•• Perpendicular bisector, angle bisector, angle
•• Perpendicular at a point
•• Demonstrative proof: defined, demonstrated, given, prove, analy-
sis, proof, theorem, corollary
•• Triangles congruent by:
•• SAS
hhLL
•• ASA
hhLA
•• SSS
hhHA,
SAA, HL
•• Triangle sides-angles relationships:
•• Isosceles triangle, equilateral, equiangular
hhExterior-exterior
angle, opposite sides-angles
lines, direct and indirect method of proof
•• Parallel lines
hhParallel postulate and corollary
hhTransversal formed
hhAngles formed, angle relationships
hhProving lines parallel
•• Proving angles equal, supplementary, complementary
•• Triangle relationships:
•• Sum of angles
hhExterior-opposite interior angles
hhAuxiliary
143
Plane Geometry cont. p. 144
Mathematics
Grade 11
Plane Geometry cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Rectilinear Plane Figures cont.
Proportions & Similar Polygons
•• Definitions: ratio, antecedent, consequent, proportion,
hhAcute
angles of right triangle
hh30°-60°-90°
hhUnequal lines and angles, perpendicular lines, triangles with
unequal lines and angles
hhDistance defined between two points, two lines, a line and a
point
•• Parallelograms and quadrilaterals:
•• Defined, base, altitude, rhombus, rectangle, square
hhRelationships of sides, angles, diagonals, shapes formed
hhProving a quadrilateral is a parallelogram
hhSegments intersected by parallel lines
•• Trapezoid:
•• Defined, legs
hhMedian
•• Altitude
hhIsosceles
•• Polygons:
•• Defined
hhSum of exterior angles, sum of interior angles
hhEach angle measure, formulas
hhConcurrent lines of a triangle:
hhDefined, altitudes
hhAngle bisectors, perpendicular bisectors of sides, medians
hhProof reasoning methods (critical thinking skills): analytic, synthetic, general method
hhInequality axioms
hhNumeric applications
extremes, means
proportional
•• Mean proportional
hhThird proportional, continued proportion
•• Fundamental properties: product of means and extremes, writing proportions
hhLike-powers axioms
•• Finding a mean proportional
hhTransformations: alternation, inversion, addition, subtraction,
like powers
hhProportional segments: by parallel lines, by angle bisectors
•• Similar polygons, corresponding sides
hhCorresponding angles, ratio of similitude
hhProving triangles similar aaa, aa, sas, ll, sss
hhProportional line proofs: in triangles, with parallel lines, in right
­triangles, in circles
hhPythagorean theorem proved
hhSimilar polygons:
hhProportional sides, perimeters, diagonals, corresponding
lengths
hhSimilarity of corresponding triangles
hhConstruction of proportional segments and polygons: fourth
­proportional, a given proportional, mean proportional
hhProjection
hhNumeric applications
hhFourth
Surface Measurement
•• Defined, equal figures, constant, variable
The Circle
hhLimit
•• Relationships of equal arcs, central angles, and chords;
•• Area mensuration formulas for rectangle, square, parallelo-
unequal arcs, central angles, and chords; chord distances from
center
•• Diameter-chord relationships, perpendicular relationships
•• Inscribed and circumscribed polygons
•• Tangent lines and relationships, common tangents
•• Tangent and intersecting circles, common chord, concentric
circles
•• Measuring angles and arcs, inscribed angles, semicircles
•• Angles formed by combinations of chords, tangents, secants
•• Constructions and proofs:
•• Reviewed
hhBisect arc
•• Parallel lines
hhDivide a line into n equal parts
hhCircumscribe a circle, inscribe a circle, tangent to a circle
hhCircle from various givens, triangle from various givens
hhLocus:
hhDefinitions and drawings
hhFundamental locus theorems:
hhEquidistant and given distances from various points
hhIntersecting and parallel lines
hhCenters of circles tangent to a line, etc.
•• Intersecting loci
•• General directions for constructions
gram, ­triangle, trapezoid
proportions for rectangle, square, parallelogram, triangle,
trapezoid
hhAreas of similar triangles and similar polygons
•• Pythagorean theorem:
hhBy areas of squares, by area of similar polygons
hhConstruction of equal non-similar shapes
hhTransforming plane figures
hhNumeric applications
hhArea
Regular Polygons & Circles
•• Defined
hhInscribed
and circumscribed, chords, tangents, midpoints
and circumscribed circles
hhAngle at center of n-gon
hhRatios regarding similar polygons: perimeters, corresponding
sides, areas, radii, apothems
•• Area formula
hhCircle proportions
hhFormulas to measure:
•• Circumferences, radii, diameters
•• Pi
hhInscribed
144
Plane Geometry cont. p. 145
Mathematics
Grade 11
Plane Geometry cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Regular Polygons & Circles cont.
Trigonometry
•• Defined
hhArc
length using angles in degrees
hhSectors, segments, similar sectors and segments
hhConstructions: inscribing a square, regular polygons
hhNumeric applications including 30°-60°-90°, 45°-45°-90°
hhGraphic
solutions
•• Right triangle solutions
•• Sine, cosine, tangent, ratios, functions of angles in degrees
•• Interpolation, angles of elevation and depression
•• Numeric applications
Business Mathematics Grade 11
Business Mathematics introduces secondary students to beginning accounting procedures and
gives valuable insight into the world of investments. At the same time, the course reviews and
expands students’ understanding of basic mathematic principles, concepts, and skills. Students
use arithmetic, algebra, and geometry as tools to make better financial decisions and to gain an
understanding of the workings of business.
The excellent balance of skills practice and problem solving meets the needs of the varying
abilities of the students. Students increase their understanding of good investment practices
and the stock market. The daily Basic Mathematics Practice Exercises review the fundamentals
of mathematics while challenging the students with interesting word problems and concepts
that may be new to them. These exercises require students to apply and connect various types
of mathematical knowledge. Bible principles regarding finance are set forth throughout this
textbook.
Evaluation
•• Quizzes (34)
•• Skills development
exercises (54)
•• Tests (8)
•• 9-weeks exam (2)
•• Semester exam
•• Final exam
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
hhGeneral
journal: debit and credit entries and totals
ledger: chart of accounts
hhPractical exercise application problems
hhWord problems
hhGeneral principles
hhUnit review
Stewardship
hhGeneral
•• Keeping money records
•• Accounting, bookkeeping
•• Cash receipts and payment records
•• Terminology:
•• Addends, sum, minuend, subtrahend
•• Difference, multiplicand, multiplier
•• Product, factor, dividend, divisor, quotient
•• Assets, liabilities, capital:
hhAccounts
•• Creditor
Managing Your Business
•• Ratio analysis:
•• Ratio, antecedent, consequent
•• Current ratio, quick ratio
receivable, accounts payable
hhAccounting
hhLiquidity
equations
hhCorporation:
of assets, current liabilities
•• Percent analysis:
•• Percent, cost of goods sold, gross profit, operating
•• Balance sheet
•• Income, cost of goods sold, operating expenses
•• Profit, loss: net sales, gross profit, equations
expenses, net profit
•• Proportion, means, extremes, algebraic axioms
average owner’s equity, return on equity
hhAverage
•• Income statement
•• Debits and credits:
•• Assets, liabilities, capital
•• Income, cost of goods, expenses
collection turnover:
•• Average daily sales, equations
•• Inventory turnover:
•• Cost of goods sold, average inventory
•• Amount of sales, average inventory
hhJournal,
double-entry bookkeeping system, debit entry,
credit entry, “T” accounts
145
Business Mathematics cont. p. 146
Mathematics
Grade 11
Business Mathematics cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Real return on an investment:
•• Inflation, taxes
Managing Your Business cont.
•• Break-even point:
•• Fixed costs, variable costs
hhGraph
hhExpected
gross return, expected after-tax return,
expected real return
hhWord problems
hhGeneral principles
hhUnit review
analysis
•• Parallel lines, intersecting lines, coordinate plane
•• Review of mathematical order of operation
hhFormula
•• Trade discount: list price, net price, percentage
•• Trade credit: percent of discount, discount period, credit
Income Taxes
•• Earning a living:
period, E. O. M
•• Storage and Inventory:
•• Volume, congruent
•• Cube, edges, rectangular solid, cylinder, cone
•• Conversion factors:
•• Time, English linear, liquid, dry, weight, metric
•• Metric-English
hhPractical exercise application problems
hhWord problems
hhGeneral principles
hhUnit review
hhEducation,
regular pay, bonus
•• Deductions:
•• Gross pay, net pay
•• FICA, social security tax
hhMaximum
•• Inflation
taxable income
•• Income tax return: 1040EZ, employee’s withholding, allow-
ance ­certificate, W-4 form, dependents, W-2 form, 1040A,
1040, tax audit
•• State income taxes: sample rate table
•• Sales tax
•• Property tax:
•• Assessed value, property tax rate, market value, assessed
value
•• As a percent, amount per $100, per $1,000, in mills
hhCorporate income tax: corporation, taxable income, annual
gross income, deductions, graduated tax
hhPractical exercise application problems
hhWord problems
hhGeneral principles
hhUnit review
Investment
•• Reading the stock exchange table
•• Principal, dividends:
•• Fraction, denominator, numerator, mixed number
•• Greatest common factor, prime number, composite
number
•• Least common denominator, improper fraction
•• Absolute value, cancellation, reciprocal
•• Stock market
•• Buying and selling stock:
hhStock
years with a business, responsibility
•• Salary, hourly, commission, piecework, tip, overtime,
certificate
•• Stockbrokers
Banking
hhStock
exchange, New York Stock Exchange
•• Market value
•• Mixed decimal, whole number, decimal, terminating decimal, ­repeating decimal
•• Capital gain, capital loss
hhPractical exercise application problems
hhStock market game: log sheets, money market fund
•• Certificate of deposit (CD): simple interest formula, percents
•• Savings account:
hhFDIC
hhFinding the principal: ending-balance method, minimumbalance method, daily-interest method
hhReal estate: things to be aware of, rate of income, annual
net income, cash investment
hhCorporate bonds:
hhBondholder, face value, par value, premium, discount,
quoted price
hhAnnual yield, annual interest, selling price
hhMutual funds: investment portfolio, prospectus
•• Compound interest
•• Checking records:
•• Balance, deposit slip, currency, transit number
•• Finding percent of increase or decrease
•• Checks and register:
•• Steps for writing a check
•• Bouncing a check, poor credit risk
•• Bank statement
hhRC,
OD
•• Canceled check, outstanding check
hhOutstanding
deposit, reconcile
•• Electronic banking: electronic funds transfer, automatic
teller, PIN, debit card
to small businesses:
hhSingle-payment loans, term, maturity value
hhDiscount loan, proceeds, installment loan, amount
financed
hhPractical exercise application problems
hhWord problems
hhGeneral principles
hhUnit review
hhLoans
146
Mathematics
Grade 12
Precalculus Grade 12
The purpose of Precalculus is to teach the student how to select and apply various
techniques to solve mathematical problems in a skillful, systematic, and logical manner.
Students will learn the underlying principles of trigonometry and interrelationships of lines
and functions with graphical and analytical problem-solving techniques from a study in
analytical geometry. The study culminates with an introduction to selected calculus topics.
Topical Interest Essays
Evaluation
•• The History of Pi
•• Distance of travel due to earth’s rotation
•• Mathematics in Astronomy—Eratosthenes’
­calculation of earth’s ­circumference
•• Sir Isaac Newton
•• Oscilloscope Measurement of Household Voltage
•• Mathematics in Engineering
•• The Place of Imaginary Numbers
•• Euler’s Formula ei~ + 1 = 0
•• Missile Guidance Technology
•• Mathematics in Physics—Projectile Motion
•• Mathematics in Biology
•• Summation—A Calculation of Pi
•• The Design of Cylindrical Containers
•• Mathematics in Physics—Fluid pressure on a
•• Quizzes (49)
•• Tests (9)
•• 9-weeks exam (2)
•• Semester exam
•• Final exam
vertical surface
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Trigonometry & Analytical Trigonometry
hhReducing
trigonometric function angles: reference angle, reference triangle
hhRewriting as a cofunction
•• Basic trigonometric ratios
•• Solving right triangles
hhAdvanced
trigonometric ratios
functions
hhSolving trigonometric equations
•• Trigonometric graphs:
•• Intercepts
hhSymmetry, sinusoid
hhAmplitude, period, key angles, key points
hhVertical and horizontal scaling
hhVertical and horizontal translation
hhPhase shift
hhVertical asymptotes
hhSigns of the functions by quadrant
hhPeriodic motion: simple harmonic motion, frequency, rotating
object, suspended object
hhIdentities:
hhReciprocal, cofunction, Pythagorean, quotient
hhNegative angle, double angle, half angle
hhSum and difference, product to sum, sum to product
hhVerifying
hhUsed to find unknown values
~ ~
•• Special angle function values (30°, 45°, etc.; 6 , 4 , etc.)
•• Inverse function values using a calculator
•• Function values:
•• Angles in degrees
hhAngles in radians
hhFinding unknown function values
hhFunction values using the unit circle, line diagrams of function
values
•• Using a calculator, using right triangles, using special triangles:
•• 30°-60°-90°
•• 45°-45°-90°
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
•• 90°; 6 - 3 - 2 , 4 - 4 - 2
Coordinate Geometry
hhTrigonometric
•• Basic review, terminology
hhTrigonometric
Function graphs:
symmetry, sinusoid
hhAmplitude, period, key angles, key points
hhVertical and horizontal scaling
hhVertical and horizontal translation, phase shift
hhVertical asymptotes
hhAngles in degrees and radians
hhGraphing by addition of ordinates
hhInverse functions, inverse trigonometric functions
•• Intercepts: x-intercept, y-intercept
hhSymmetry: x-axis, y-axis, origin
•• Domain:
•• Limiting operations
hhDetermining
•• Complex number plane
•• Points of intersection
•• Distance
•• Slope:
hhVariation, inclination
•• Parallel and perpendicular lines
hhAngle between two intersecting lines
•• Straight line:
hhInclination
hhDistance to a point
•• Systems of lines
•• Equation forms:
•• Slope-intercept
hhPoint-slope, two-point, intercept, parallel to axes, general
•• Midpoint
hhIntercepts,
147
Precalculus cont. p. 148
Mathematics
Grade 12
Precalculus cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Coordinate Geometry cont.
•• Parametric equations:
hhEliminating
the parameter
equations: Shrödinger’s wave model graph
hhInvolute of a circle, brachistochrone, cycloids
•• Locus of a point
hhConic sections:
•• Circle: center, radius
•• Ellipse:
hhVertexes, foci, major and minor axes, latus rectum, eccentricity
•• Parabola:
•• Vertex
hhFocus, latus rectum, eccentricity
hhHyperbola: vertexes, foci, transverse and conjugate axes, latus
rectum, eccentricity, asymptotes, conjugate hyperbolas
hhHorizontal and vertical translation, rotation of axes
hhGraphing in three dimensions:
hhTraces, cylinders, elements
hhGraphs: ellipsoid, paraboloid, hyperboloid of one sheet, hyperboloid of two sheets, hyperbolic paraboloid, cone
hhDeveloping
hhGraphing
techniques
conversions
hhAnalysis techniques: branch tangents at the pole, symmetry,
­determining angles resulting in undefined values
hhRotation of axes
hhGraphs: lines, circles, roses, cardioids, limaçons, parabolas
triangle
Complex Numbers
•• Imaginary numbers and basic quantities
•• Standard form
•• Graphing on the complex plane
hhMagnitude,
argument, trigonometric form, polar form, conversions
and dividing complex numbers
hhFinding roots and powers: De Moivre’s theorem
hhMultiplying
Distance
•• Length of an arc:
•• Using degrees
hhUsing
radians
•• Distance between two points:
•• In two dimensions
hhIn
three dimensions
and vertical distance
hhFrom a line to a point
Vectors
hhTerminology,
hhScalar,
equal vectors, unequal vectors, negative vector, resultant,
vector sum
Regression Analysis
hhMethod
of least squares: general equations for solution
curve
hhSummation notation
hhPearson-r correlation coefficient
hhLinear and non-linear data: y = mx + b, y = aetx, y = axt,
y = a + bx + cx2 ... + mxn
hhClose-fit
Angles
•• Angles on the Cartesian plane:
•• In degrees
hhIn
radians
side, terminal side, standard position
hhQuadrant of an angle, coterminal angles, positive and negative
angles: in degrees, in radians, conversions
hhBearing
hhKey angles for a trigonometric function graph
•• Trigonometric function values:
hhReference angle by quadrant: in degrees, in radians
~ ~
•• Special angles: 30°, 45°, etc.; 6 , 4 , etc.
hhInitial
Introductory Calculus
hhHistory,
limits
derivative of a polynomial: using limits, using the short
method
hhSlope using derivatives
hhSecond derivative of a polynomial: maximum and minimum,
critical points
•• Rate of change:
•• Average
hhInstantaneous
•• Velocity:
•• Average
hhInstantaneous
•• Acceleration:
•• Average
hhInstantaneous
hhAnti-derivative
hhArea under a curve
hhFirst
Functions
•• Functional notation
•• Domain and range:
hhFinding,
using inequalities, using intervals, characteristics
even, odd, periodic, inverse
hhHorizontal line test, vertical line test, one-to-one functions
hhFunctions:
Triangles
•• Solving right triangles
oblique triangles:
•• Law of sines, law of cosines
hhThe
hhReference
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
•• 30°-60°-90°, 45°-45°-90°; 6 - 3 - 2 , 4 - 4 - 2
hhHorizontal
Polar Coordinates
hhSolving
•• Using angles of elevation and depression
•• Finding area
•• Right triangle trigonometry
ambiguous case
148
History & Geography
Grade 7
World History Grade 7
History of the World is presented from a conservative, Christian perspective as part of a wellrounded program designed to give students a better understanding and a working knowledge of
the geography of the Eastern Hemisphere. The interesting narrative style of the text and the many
illustrations, maps, and photographs invite students to explore the past and learn about the people
behind the events of world history.
The goal of the text is threefold: first, to show God’s hand in the history of the world; second,
to emphasize the role of individuals in history; and third, to teach the many ­lessons that can be
learned from history. Above all, History of the World emphasizes the providence of God in the
actions of men. It provides students with heroes to emulate and goals to fulfill by focusing on the
individuals whose character, initiative, and hard work have made a positive impact on world history.
´[email protected]"!~¨
18320201
Added Enrichment
•• Special feature boxes (42):
•• Highlight important people and events of history
•• Present fascinating facts and intriguing details from
a Christian perspective
•• Introduce the foundations of history and place
importance on knowing current history
•• Maps correlating to text (67)
Evaluation
•• Review quizzes (40)
•• Reading quizzes (19)
•• Current event reports (23; each counts as quiz grade)
•• Geography projects (13; each counts as quiz grade)
•• Tests (8), 9-weeks exam (2)
•• Semester exam, final exam
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Beginning of World History: The Ancient Middle East
New Empires & Cultures
•• The beginning:
•• Creation
•• Fall of man:
•• Assyria, Babylon, and Persia (c. 800–300 B.C.):
•• Assyrian Empire:
hhShalmaneser
V and Ashurbanipal
•• Chaldean Empire: Nebuchadnezzar
•• Persian Empire: Cyrus the Great:
hhCain,
Abel, Seth
hhCapital punishment
•• Flood
•• Dispersion
•• From Sumer to Canaan (c. 2300–1700 B.C.):
•• Sumerian civilization and religion
•• Call of Abraham
•• Hammurabi and Babylon
hhPatriarchs in Canaan
•• Down to Egypt (c. 2300–1400 B.C.):
•• Egyptian civilization
•• Hebrew exodus:
hhGod’s judgment through the plagues
•• Israel in its land (c. 1500–500 B.C.):
•• Ten Commandments
•• Conquest of Canaan
hhSamuel
•• David and Solomon
hhDivision of Israel
•• Phoenicians and Hittites
hhDarius
and the Royal Road
•• Greece (c. 800–300 B.C.):
•• Early Greek civilization:
hhDorians
•• Homer and the Olympian gods
hhGreco-Persian
Wars
•• Athens and Sparta:
•• Greek politics and philosophy
hhPeloponnesian
War
•• Alexander the Great
•• Rome before Christ (c. 800 B.C.–birth of Christ):
•• Foundation of Rome
•• Roman republic
•• Punic Wars
•• Julius Caesar
hhRoman
drama
•• Caesar Augustus
hhMeasuring
time
•• Rome after Christ (A.D. 100–500):
•• Gospel of Christ
•• Persecution of early church:
hhClaudian
and Flavian emperors
•• Constantine the Great:
hhEdict
of Milan
•• Fall of the Roman Empire
hhUnderstanding
149
why the Roman Empire fell
World History cont. p. 150
History & Geography
World History cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
The Middle Ages & the Distortion of Christianity
hhAge
of Exploration (1275–1865):
•• Asia’s mysterious land: India, China, and Japan
•• Time of discovery:
•• Early church history (A.D. 100–500):
hhNew
Grade 7
Testament
hhEffects
•• Early church
of the Crusades
•• New World: Christopher Columbus, Vasco da Gama,
hhRise
of Roman church and popes
and the Crusades (A.D. 600–1300):
•• Mohammed and Islam
hhEurope’s Crusades:
hhChristendom and Islam: checks and balances
hhFrom empire to feudalism (A.D. 500–1500):
hhMerovingian and Carolingian Kings:
hhPapal states
hhCharlemagne and his empire
hhTreaty of Verdun
hhFeudalism
•• Age of Darkness (A.D. 500–1500):
•• Distorted Christianity:
hhDoctrines of the Roman church
hhScholasticism
•• Holy Roman Empire
•• Renaissance
and Amerigo Vespucci
hhIslam
•• Other nations explore: Portugal, France, England
•• United States (1600–1914):
•• Pilgrims
hhPhilipp
Spener
•• Wesleyan Revival and Great Awakening
•• War for Independence
•• Constitution of the United States
•• Expansion and progress
•• Rise as a world power
•• Revival and missions
Rise of Modern Europe
•• France in the Modern Age (c. 1500–1850):
•• Huguenots:
hhEdict
of Nantes
of Louis XIV
hhAge of Enlightenment: Voltaire, Montesquieu, and Rousseau
•• French Revolution
hhRobespierre and Reign of Terror
•• Napoleon Bonaparte:
hhBattle of Nations and Battle of Waterloo
hhCongress of Vienna
hhJuly Revolution
•• British Empire: Asia, Africa, and Australia (1800–1921):
•• Victorian Age
•• British Empire:
hhConflicts of England and Ireland
hhChristianity and charity
•• Missions
•• India and the Far East:
hhSepoy Rebellion
•• Africa:
hhSlave trade
hhSamuel Adjai Crowther
•• Australia and Canada:
hhBritish North America Act
•• Science and industry in the Modern Age (c. 1500–1900):
hhFailures of ancient and medieval science
•• Founders of modern science
•• Darwin and evolution:
hhUnderstanding evolution’s threat to science
•• Agricultural advancement
•• Industrial Revolution:
hhInventors and captains of industry
hhTriumph of capitalism
hhNew world of classics (16th–20th Century):
hhAncient and modern classics
hhMedieval music
hhPost-Reformation music, art, and literature
hhReign
Beginning of the Modern Age
•• Protestant Reformation (c. 1400–1600):
•• Forerunners of the Reformation
•• John Wycliffe and John Huss
•• Inquisition
•• Gutenberg and the printing press
hhErasmus
•• Martin Luther:
hhLuther’s
reforms
and Calvin
hhAnabaptists and Mennonites
•• Post-Reformation Europe (c. 1500–1700):
hhPeasant’s Revolt
hhState churches: Peace of Augsburg
hhCounter-Reformation
hhThirty Years’ War: Peace of Westphalia
•• Seventeenth-century Europe:
hhSwiss Confederation
hhFranks and Capetian Dynasty
•• English nation (c. 55 B.C.–A.D. 1689):
•• Alfred the Great
•• Norman Conquest:
hhDomesday Book
hhWitan and the Great Council
•• Plantagenet kings:
hhHenry II, Richard I, John
hhMagna Carta and Parliament
hhHundred Years’ War and Wars of the Roses
•• Henry VIII
•• Scottish and English Reformation
•• Elizabethan Age: Spanish Armada
hhGreat English Civil War
•• Restoration of the monarchy
hhGlorious Revolution
hhZwingli
150
World History cont. p. 151
History & Geography
World History cont.
Grade 7
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Modern Middle East:
The Twentieth Century
hhBalfour
•• World War I and the rise of Communism (c. 1900–1930):
•• Unification of Germany and Italy
•• World War I:
Declaration; independence for India and African nations
•• Collapse of Soviet Union
•• Ronald Reagan
•• Gorbachev’s influence: perestroika and glasnost
•• Tiananmen Square
hhBattles:
Verdun, Sommé, Jutland
of Versailles
•• Czarist Russia
•• Karl Marx and Communism:
hhCapitalism, socialism, and Communism
•• Bolshevik Revolution
•• Vladimir Lenin and Joseph Stalin:
hhFive Year Plan
•• Soviet Union
•• Before and during World War II (1920–1945):
hhAnti-Christian philosophies
•• Mussolini and Fascist Italy
•• Hitler’s Third Reich
•• 1920s and the Great Depression
hhWorld War II:
hhBattle of Britain
•• American involvement: Pearl Harbor
hhWar in Africa
hhEuropean and Pacific Theater
•• Atomic bomb and the Holocaust
hhCold War Era (1945–1991):
•• United Nations
•• Cold War
•• NATO
•• Berlin Wall:
hhOperation Airlift
•• Space Age
•• Communist takeovers
•• China
•• Korean War:
hh38th Parallel
•• Communist Cuba
•• Vietnam Conflict:
hhGulf of Tonkin Resolution
hhTreaty
•• Toward a new millennium (1990–2000):
hhNew
World Order
Union
•• NAFTA
•• World Changes
•• Persian Gulf War
•• United States, Central and South America, Russia
hhModern culture: literature, music, art, architecture
hhChanges in technology
•• Change in the new millennium (2000– ):
•• 9/11 Attack: Osama bin Laden and al-Qaeda
•• War on Terror:
hhOperation Iraqi Freedom
hhArab Spring
•• Change in politics
hhNuclear nations
hhIsraeli/Palestinian conflict
hhAfrican Union
•• Kosovo, Venezuela, Cuba
•• Economic world change
hhUnited States' financial crises
hhAsian economies
•• Changes in the natural world
hhEnvironmentalism and global warming
hhEuropean
Prayer Time
hhLearn
151
to pray for our nation and for government officials
History & Geography
U.S. History Grade 8
Grade 8
 RED indicates NEW MATERIAL
America: Land I Love presents American history from a conservative, biblical perspective: God
exalts nations and determines their course in human history. The text promotes the Bible as the
center of God’s plan. History is the story of individuals to whom God has given the responsibility to
make choices.
Unlike secular history textbooks which suggest that material things—­economic conditions, geography, political circumstances, or genetics—are the main causes in history, America: Land I Love uses
biographical accounts to illustrate that history traces God’s working through people to accomplish His
will. Students will also be studying the geography of the Western Hemisphere and federal, state, and
local government as part of this course. Knowledge of and familiarity with local offices and officials will
encourage students to use the gift of political expression which is so easily taken for granted in America.
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97578005
Added Enrichment
•• Special feature boxes (52):
•• Give in-depth study of people and events of
history that have shaped the U.S.
•• Promote better understanding of U.S. history
•• Help students see lessons to be learned from
history and grasp key concepts of U.S. history
•• Lists: states and capitals, the U.S. Presidents
•• Maps correlating to text (30)
Evaluation
•• Review quizzes (44)
•• Reading quizzes (31)
•• States and capitals quizzes (2)
•• Current event reports
(33; each counts as quiz grade)
•• Geography studies
(12; each counts as quiz grade)
•• Geography projects
•• Tests (8), 9-weeks exam (2)
•• Semester exam, final exam
•• Civics Activity Book:
•• Study of national, state, and local
government as information is
gathered to complete activities
•• Includes history, geography, and
an overview of the Constitution
(18; each counts as quiz grade)
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Preparation for independence (1730s–1766):
•• Great Awakening:
Exploration & Settlement in a New World
•• New World to explore (1492–1682):
hhGod’s
hhHalf-way
Covenant
of Great Awakening
•• French and Indian War:
hhSeven Years’ War
hhFundamental differences between the colonists and the English
•• British regulations on the colonists:
hhQuartering Act, Declatory Act
timing in discovery of America
hhResults
•• Native American heritage
•• Christopher Columbus
•• Defeat of Spanish Armada
•• Spanish and French exploration:
hhRobert
Cavalier de la Salle
and French legacy
•• First English colonies (1576–1620):
•• English exploration and settlement
•• Jamestown
•• Failure of socialism and benefits of free enterprise
hhScrooby Congregation in Leyden
•• Pilgrims and Plymouth
•• Representative government:
•• House of Burgesses
hhGeneral Court
•• Religious freedom
•• New colonies (1620s–1730s):
•• Advance of learning: Harvard College, Ole’ Deluder Satan Act
•• Missionary efforts:
hhAlgonquin Bible
hhMayhews
•• Life in Colonial America (1607–1775):
hhNew England Confederation
•• King Philip’s War
•• Land of diversity in immigration, churches, and social classes
hhAdvance of learning: schools, apprentices, and universities
•• Agriculture, landholdings, and slavery in the colonies
hhContributions to science
hhGovernment in the colonies
hhSpanish
Birth of the United States
•• Home of the brave (1767–1783):
•• Conflict with England:
hhTownshend
Acts
of Correspondence
hhIntolerable Acts
•• Continental Congress:
hhOlive Branch Petition
•• Declaration of Independence:
hhRichard Henry Lee
•• War for Independence:
hhHelp from Europe
hhHaym Solomon, Molly Pitcher, Benedict Arnold,
James Armistead
hhBattle of King’s Mountain
•• Treaty of Paris
hhCommittee
152
U.S. History cont. p. 153
History & Geography
U.S. History cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Promise of the West (1820–1850):
•• Exploration of the West:
Birth of the United States cont.
•• Land of the free (1783–1800):
•• Articles of Confederation and land expansion
•• Constitutional Convention:
hhVirginia
hhJedediah
and New Jersey Plan, Connecticut Compromise
hhBear
Flag Revolt
Taylor
•• Texas and the Mexican War:
hhTreaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
•• Mexican Cession
of powers
hhWilliam
•• Bill of Rights
•• Federalist Era
•• Presidencies of George Washington and John Adams:
hhCabinet
hhRise
of political parties
Treaty and Pickney Treaty
hhForeign affairs
hhConstitution of the United States
Times of Testing & Triumph
hhJay
•• Civil War and Reconstruction (1848–1877):
•• States’ rights
•• Slavery:
Building an American Character
hhDred
•• From the Appalachians to the Rockies (1770–1828):
•• Daniel Boone
•• Northwest Territory:
hhTreaty
Scott Decision
•• Abraham Lincoln
•• Civil War:
hhNorth
and South differences
Plan
hhBattles: Shiloh, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville,
Chickamauga, Chattanooga
hhImportant people: Johnston, Farragut, McClellan, Stuart, Pickett,
Meade
hhFinancing the war
hhReconstruction Era
•• Tuskegee Institute:
•• Booker T. Washington and George Washington Carver:
hhSamuel C. Armstrong
•• Age of Industry (1865–1900):
•• Inventors: Bell, Edison, Carver
hhWonders of technology: Brooklyn Bridge, Statue of Liberty,
skyscrapers
hhCapitalism in medicine
•• Entrepreneurs:
•• Carnegie, Rockefeller
hhLyman Stewart
•• Gilded Age (1865–1900):
hhImmigration
hhEvangelism and social reform
•• Settlement of the Great Plains:
hhDawes Act, Homestead Act
hhPopulist Movement
hhArt of the Gilded Age
•• Growing into greatness (1898–1913):
•• Spanish-American War:
hhVenezuelan Boundary Dispute, Delôme letter
hhPlatt Amendment
•• U.S. territorial acquisitions
hhTeddy Roosevelt and the Progressive Movement
of Greenville
hhAnaconda
•• Louisiana Purchase:
hhZebulon
Smith and James Beckworth
•• Evangelism and settlement in the Pacific Northwest
•• Marcus Whitman and the Oregon Trail
•• California and the gold rush:
•• Structure and basis of American government:
hhBalancing
Grade 8
Pike
•• War of 1812:
hhImpressment
and Embargo Act
Tippecanoe, Lake Erie, Thames River, Horseshoe Bend
hhTreaty of Ghent
•• Acquisition of Florida
hhMissouri Compromise
hhMonroe Doctrine
•• Jacksonian Era (1825–1842):
•• President Andrew Jackson: Trail of Tears, suffrage, and abolition
hhNational Bank
hhStates’ rights
hhWhig Party
hhRelations with Britain
•• Blessings of technology (1825–1865):
•• Improved transportation and communication
•• Agricultural and industrial advancements
•• Christian influence on industry
•• Natural sciences:
hhLouis Agassiz and James Audubon
hhMedicine
•• Second Great Awakening and its impact (1770–1860):
•• Circuit riders and camp meetings
•• Charles Finney: Second Great Awakening
hhCults and false philosophies
•• Evangelism among black and native Americans
•• Beginnings of American missions movement
hhReform movements
•• Education and culture (1800–1858):
•• American textbooks: Blue-Backed Speller and McGuffey’s Reader
•• Traditional education
hhPublic education: Horace Mann’s normal schools
hhRomantic Era: schoolroom poets
hhBattles:
153
U.S. History cont. p. 154
History & Geography
U.S. History cont.
Grade 8
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Reagan Era and the ‘90s (1980–2000):
•• President Ronald Reagan:
Times of Challenge & Promise
•• Into the Twentieth Century (1914–1918):
•• World War I:
•• Selective Service Act
hhIran-Contra
hearings
•• Conservative movement of the 1980s:
hhThomas
hhBattles:
Cantigny, Marne, Belleau Wood, St. Mihiel, Argonne
Forest
hhPeople: Pershing, Rickenbacker, York
hhFourteen Points
•• Roaring Twenties:
hhSports and literature
hhBilly Sunday and Prohibition
•• Evolution: Scopes trial
•• Presidents Harding and Coolidge:
hhForeign affairs
hhCharles Lindbergh
hhRise of big government (1929–1939):
hhCause of the Great Depression: government intervention
hhPresident Herbert Hoover
hhSuccess of private relief
hhPresident Franklin D. Roosevelt
hhNew Deal and rise of socialism in America
•• A world at war (1939–1953):
•• Steps to World War II
hhResults of socialism and evolutionary thought
•• World War II in Europe and Asia:
hhLend-Lease Act
hhWar efforts
hhDoolittle Raid
hhFighting Red Tails
•• Spread of Communism in Eastern Europe
•• Cold War against Communism begins:
hhTaft-Hartley Act
•• Korean War:
hhPusan Perimeter
•• Time for freedom and responsibility (1950–1963):
hhProgress and prosperity in the 1950s
•• President Dwight D. Eisenhower:
hhMcCarthy Era
•• Civil rights movement
hhPresident John F. Kennedy and the New Frontier
•• Troubled times for America (1963–1979):
hhRebellion in the 1960s
•• President L. B. Johnson and the Great Society:
hhCivil Rights Act
•• Vietnam War:
hhTet Offensive
hhAmerica’s decline in the 1970s
•• Presidents Nixon, Ford, and Carter:
hhSALT talks
Sowell
•• End of Cold War
•• Persian Gulf War
•• President George Bush:
hhGrowing
national debt
•• President Bill Clinton:
hhLiberal
agenda
threatens America:
hhAtlanta’s Centennial Park
hhColumbine High School
•• America’s “Melting Pot”
•• A new millennium (2000–2005):
hhLast acts of the Clinton Administration
•• Election 2000
•• President George W. Bush
•• “9/11” and the War on Terror:
hhDepartment of Homeland Security
•• Operation Iraqi Freedom: Saddam Hussein
•• Election 2004:
hhLaura Bush
hhTerrorism
Geography
•• Geography studies featuring fact sheets and political and physical
maps for the following:
•• Western Hemisphere
•• North America
•• Canada
•• United States (including Washington, D.C., and outlying possessions)
•• Eastern United States
•• Central United States
•• Western United States
•• Pacific United States
•• Mexico
•• Central America
•• West Indies
•• South America
154
•• Map projects:
•• Western Hemisphere
•• North America
•• The 13 Original Colonies
•• Canada
•• The War for Independence
•• United States: physical
•• Washington, D.C.
•• Eastern United States
•• Central United States
•• Westward expansion
•• Western United States
•• Civil War
•• Pacific United States
•• Mexico
•• Central America
•• West Indies
•• South America
•• United States: political
U.S. History cont. p. 155
History & Geography
U.S. History cont.
Grades 8–9
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Geography
•• History
•• Government
•• County
•• City/Town
•• State Profiles (for use with State Studies)
Civics
•• A study of national, state, and local government:
•• Symbols
•• Flag etiquette
•• Symbolism of the flag-folding ceremony
•• Patriotic documents
•• The Constitution at a glance
•• Location of states
Prayer Time
•• Learn to pray for our nation and for government officials
World Geography Grade 9
9
WORLD GE GRAPHY
IN CHRISTIAN PERSPECTIVE
Second Edition
with
POLITICAL
and
CULTURAL
PROFILES
IN CHRISTIAN
PERSPECTIVE
World Geography presents a physical-cultural study of the earth and mankind from a conservative,
Christian perspective. Basic to this perspective is the conviction that God is the Creator of the earth
and of man. By applying to the study of geography their knowledge of the Creation, the Flood, the
beginning of nations at Babel, and God’s dealing with mankind throughout the ages, students can
better understand the physical features of the earth as well as the cultures of its people.
While most geography texts approach world geography from the globalist perspective, World
Geography in Christian Perspective recognizes and discusses the national identities of individual
countries. Building on what students have previously learned, this text presents a deeper, more
thorough study of the religions, languages, customs, historic backgrounds, resources, and industries
to expand the students’ knowledge of each continent, region, and country presented.
Neuschwanstein
Castle, Germany
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16779701
Added Enrichment
•• Special feature boxes (75):
•• Give in-depth look at the continent being
studied
•• Present details about the vegetation and
wildlife of the region
•• Show diversity of the country’s culture and
•• Look at heroes of the mission field
•• Explore the wonders of the world,
concepts to consider, and strategic
geography of a location
•• Maps correlating to text (30)
spotlight the history of the country
Evaluation
•• Reading quizzes (11)
•• Review quizzes (22; includes labeling 12 maps)
•• Map projects (8; each counts as quiz grade)
•• Current events (15; each counts as quiz grade)
•• Tests (4), mid-semester test (1)
•• Final exam
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Introduction to Geography
hhFar
East:
hhChinese
sphere: Communism, Great Wall of China,
Great Silk Road, Taiwan
hhNortheast Asia: Korean War
hhSoutheast Asia: Vietnam War, Roman Catholicism
hhThe
earth:
hhThe importance of understanding geography in the Christian
­perspective
hhLocation and topography
hhWeather and climate
hhNatural resources and wildlife:
hhRenewable and nonrenewable resources
hhMankind:
hhCulture and the Christian perspective
hhCultural characteristics: religion, language, forms of government,
economic systems
hhThe geographer’s craft: working with and understanding maps,
statistics, charts, and graphs
Europe
hhMediterranean
Europe: Alexander the Great, Greek Orthodoxy,
Mount Vesuvius, Vatican City
hhCentral Europe: Gauls, Franks, Protestant Reformation, Berlin Wall
hhThe Low Countries: Dutch, The Hague, European Union
hhThe British Isles: Angles, Normans, Church of England, Scottish Highlands, the British Empire
hhScandinavia: Lutheranism, geothermal energy
hhEastern Europe: Ivan the Terrible, Bolshevik Revolution, USSR,
Lech Walesa, John Huss
Asia
hhMiddle
East:
Crescent: Cradle of Civilization
hhArabian Peninsula: Al-Saud family
hhNorthern Plateaus and Transcaucasia
hhCentral Asia
hhSouthern Asia:
hhIndian subcontinent: Hinduism, Mount Everest, Buddhism
hhFertile
Africa
hhNorthern
hhTropical
disease
Africa: Sahara, Maghreb, Sahel, French Sahel, Sudan
Africa: Western, Central, and Eastern Africa, hunger and
hhSouthern
155
Africa: David Livingstone
World Geography cont. p. 156
History & Geography
World Geography cont.
Grades 9–10
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Australia, the Pacific, & Antarctica
hhBrazil
and the Guianas: the Amazon, Pedro Cabral, environmentalism
in the rain forest
hhSouthern countries
hhAustralia:
Western Plateau, Central Lowlands, Eastern Highlands,
Uluru Rock, Great Barrier Reef, Abel Tasman, Captain James Cook,
Matthew Flinders, Australian Gold Rush
hhThe Pacific: Oceania, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Easter
Island, Challenger Deep
hhAntarctica: Vinson Massif, Captain Robert F. Scott, Richard E. Byrd,
Antarctic Treaty
Geography
•• Geography projects (8) correlating to chapters in text, featuring maps,
both physical and political, and review questions:
•• Introduction of geography
•• Asia
•• Europe
•• Africa
•• Australia and the Pacific
•• North America
•• South America
•• Nations of the world
North America
hhCanada:
Leif Ericson, “New France,” Henry Hudson, Acadia
States: American Indians, independence
hhMiddle America: Mexico, Central America, the West Indies
hhUnited
South America
hhNorthern
Andean countries: Simón Bolívar, Auca Indians, José de
San Martín, Inca Indians
Prayer Time
•• Learn to pray for our nation and for government officials
World History Grade 10
10
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11570301
World History and Cultures is written and taught from the Christian perspective. Basic to this
perspective is the conviction that God is the Creator of the universe and the Controller of history.
Because the focal point of history is the birth of Christ, World History and Cultures takes the view
that all history is either pointing toward the birth of Christ or looking back to it. Students study how
God used events before the birth of Christ to prepare the world for His coming. Then, after His
birth, they trace the impact of Christianity on the events of world history.
The Christian perspective of World History and Cultures helps students see the sovereign hand of
God in history, as well as the consequences of man’s choices. The Providence of God has guided history for His glory. Yet each person is free to choose whether to obey God and be used by Him, or to
disobey and suffer the consequences. Thus world history also illustrates the truth of Proverbs 14:34:
“Righteousness exalteth a nation: but sin is a reproach to any people.”
Evaluation
Added Enrichment
•• Special feature boxes (56):
•• Provide a framework for understanding the concepts in history
•• Explore language and writing through the ages
•• Give insight to the people and events of history
•• Maps correlating to text (84)
•• Reading quizzes (30)
•• Review quizzes (40)
•• Geography map projects (8; each counts as quiz grade)
•• Current events (32; each counts as quiz grade)
•• Tests (8), 9-weeks exam (2)
•• Semester exam, final exam
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Middle East (c. 1800 B.C.–A.D. 700s):
•• Old Babylonian Empire:
•• Hammurabi and the law
Foundations for Studying History
•• Creation versus evolution
•• Capital punishment
•• Beginning of languages, nations, and races: Nimrod and Babel
hhPlace-value
notation, Babylonian Genesis
•• Hittite Empire
•• Assyrian Empire: Tiglath-pileser I, Nineveh
•• New Babylonian Empire: Nebuchadnezzar and Daniel
•• Persian Empire: Cyrus the Great, Darius I, and Xerxes I
•• Israel: Patriarchs, Exodus, Moses, Decalogue, theocracy, David,
Asia and Africa: The Beginning of Civilization
•• Cradle of Civilization: Fertile Crescent and Mesopotamia
(c. 2300–1800 B.C.):
•• Sumer:
•• Cuneiform, culture, civilization, education, architecture,
and Divided Kingdom
and Arabic language
•• Rise of Islam: Byzantine Empire, Constantinople, and Mohammed
trade, society, religion
hhMathematics, government
hhSettlements: Eridu, Uruk, Ur
hhGolden Age of Ur, Epic of Gilgamesh
hhHebrew
156
World History cont. p. 157
History & Geography
World History cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Emperors:
•• Claudian, Flavian, “Five Good Emperors,” “Barracks
Asia and Africa: The Beginning of Civilization­cont.
•• Middle East (c. 1800 B.C.–A.D. 700s) cont.:
•• Missionary efforts:
hhIon-Keith
Emperors,” Diocletian
wall
•• Christian emperor: Constantine I
•• Fall of Rome:
hhRomulus Augustulus
hhLegacy of Rome: language, literature, law
•• Early church history (A.D. 30–476):
•• Apostolic church: the New and Old Testaments
hhPersecuted and imperial church
•• Byzantine Empire (c. A.D. 324–1453):
hhAge of Justinian: Hagia Sophia, Justinian Code, and
Theodora
hhFall of Byzantium
hhByzantine contributions: Eastern Orthodox, Greek liturgy,
Byzantine text
hhHadrian’s
Falconer and Samuel Zwemer
•• Other Asian cultures (c. 2000 B.C.–A.D. 1800s):
•• India: Indus River, Hinduism, caste system, and Buddhism
•• Ancient Chinese dynasties
hhChinese
language
•• Japan: Shinto religion
•• Egypt—Gift of the Nile (c. 2300 B.C.– A.D. 1700s):
•• History and language: Herodotus and the Rosetta Stone
hhReligion:
Book of the Dead
hhThebes
•• Old, Middle, and New Kingdom
•• Other African cultures (c. 2300 B.C.–A.D. 1700s):
hhLand
of Phut and Cush
•• Ethiopia:
•• Kingdom of Aksum and Ethiopian Orthodox Church:
hhPiankhi,
The Middle Ages: From the Ancient to the
Modern
Ebed-melech
•• Dark Ages (c. A.D. 500–1500):
•• Church of Rome:
•• Petrine Theory, Pope Leo I, Gregory I
•• Early Christianity in North Africa: Simon of Cyrene, Tertul-
lian, ­Clement of Alexandria, Athanasius, and Augustine
•• Other empires and kingdoms:
•• Ghana, Mali, Songhai, and Kongo:
hhMansa
Grade 10
hhPatrick
of Ireland
•• Doctrine of Romanism
•• Other teachings: John Wycliffe, Vulgate, Peter Waldo,
Musa and King Ewuare
Council of Toulouse
Europe: Beginnings of Western Civilization
•• Charlemagne’s empire:
•• Greece (c. 2000–30 B.C.):
•• Minoans and Mycenaeans
•• Civilization: Homer, Greek gods, city-states, Olympics
•• Greco-Persian Wars:
hhDivision:
•• Lorraine
Lothar, Charles, Louis
•• Saxons
hhSalians,
Hohenstaufens
Controversy
hhDecline of the papacy: Babylonian Captivity of the papacy
and the Great Schism
•• Medieval culture (c. A.D. 500–1500):
•• Feudal society and chivalry
•• Crusades:
•• Check and balance results
hhBernard of Clairvaux, Frederick Barbarossa, Philip
Augustus
hhPre-Reformation Europe
•• Universities and scholasticism:
•• Thomas Aquinas and William of Ockham
hhTrivium and quadrivium, scholasticism
•• Forerunners of the Reformation:
•• John Wycliffe, Roger Bacon, and John Huss
hhGerhard Groote and Savonarola
•• Italian Renaissance:
•• Humanism
hhPetrarch, Boccaccio, Giotto
•• Johann Gutenberg: Gutenberg Bible
hhIonian
Revolt, Battle of Plataea
•• Types of government
hhDraco’s Code
hhCourt of Areopagus
hhPeisistratus and Cleisthenes
•• Sparta and Athens: Peloponnesian War
•• Macedonia:
•• Alexander the Great
hhBattle of Ipsus
•• Classical Greece:
•• Writing and philosophy
hhHellenic Age, education and architecture, art and science
•• Hellenistic Age:
hhStoics and Epicureans
hhLanguage of the New Testament: Koine Greek
•• Rome (c. 753 B.C.–A.D. 476):
•• Early people:
•• Latins, Etruscans, Magna Graecia, Carthage, and Gauls
hhItalis
hhSociety: family, religion, education, and government
•• Punic Wars:
•• Hannibal and Scipio
hhBattle of Cannae
hhCivil Wars: reforms of Gracchi
•• Pax Romana
hhInvestiture
157
World History cont. p. 158
History & Geography
World History cont.
Grade 10
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
The Age of Ideas: Revolution, Revival, and Reform
The Middle Ages cont.
•• France—road to revolution (c. 1640–1815):
•• Rise of modern nations (c. 850–1300):
•• Ancient Britain: Stonehenge, Celts, Angles, Saxons, Jutes,
hhAge
of Absolutism: War of the Spanish Succession
•• Enlightenment:
and Beowulf
•• Alfred the Great
•• Norman Conquest:
hhCharter of Liberties and Exchequer
•• Plantagenet kings:
hhEleanor of Aquitaine, House of Lords, and House of
Commons
•• Hundred Years’ War, Wars of the Roses
•• Feudal France:
•• Hugh Capet and Estates-General
hhHouse of Valois
•• Spain:
•• Moorish culture, the Reconquista, Spanish Inquisition
hhEl Cid, Antonio de Nebrija
•• Portugal:
•• Prince Henry
hhAlfonso Henriques
hhAge of Exploration
•• Native civilizations: Arawaks, Mayas, Incas, and Aztecs
•• France: Northwest Passage
hhDiderot
hhReasons
for the revolution: religious, economic, and social
turmoil
•• French Revolution
•• Reign of Terror:
•• Atheism, deism
hhDirectory
•• Tyranny of Napoleon: Continental System, Battles of Leipzig
and Waterloo
•• England and America: quest for freedom (c. 1600–1800):
•• James I: Puritans, Separatists, KJV, Jamestown, and Plymouth
hhNational Covenant, Long Parliament, Grand Remonstrance
•• English Civil War:
•• Oliver Cromwell
hhRump Parliament, Battle of Marston Moor, Battle of Naseby,
Treaty of Dover
•• Glorious Revolution
•• Pietism in Germany:
•• Philipp Spener
hhCount von Zinzendorf
•• Great Awakening in America: Jonathan Edwards and George
Whitefield
hhAge of Reason: John Locke and David Hume
•• Wesleyan Revival: John and Charles Wesley
•• Rise of modern missions:
•• William Carey and Adoniram Judson
hhJohn Howard
•• French and Indian War
•• American War for Independence
•• Age of Industry (c. 1760–1900):
•• Protestant work ethic
•• Agricultural advancements: better use of land and tools
•• Industrial Revolution: Enclosure Movement and domestic and
­factory system
•• Transportation and communications:
hhGuglielmo Marconi
hhScience: Dalton, Faraday, Kelvin, Maxwell, Curie, Jenner
•• United States’ rise to power: capitalism and the SpanishAmerican War
•• Blessings of capitalism: John D. Rockefeller, Andrew Carnegie,
J. P. Morgan, philanthropy, and Adam Smith
•• Victorian Era: England’s Age of Progress (1837–1901):
•• Great English statesmen: William Pitt the Younger and Sir
Robert Peel
•• Victorian England: William Gladstone and Benjamin Disraeli
•• China and Japan missions:
hhTreaty of Amity and Commerce, Neesima
•• Christianity and charity
hhBritish imperialism:
•• Crimean War and British North America Act
•• India: Sepoy Rebellion, William Carey and Amy Carmichael
The Reformation Era: The Modern Age Begins
•• Protestant Reformation (c. 1517–1600):
•• Renaissance in Germany, England, and France:
hhJohann
Reuchlin, Philipp Melanchthon, John Colet, Thomas
Moore
•• Martin Luther:
•• Charles V, Edict of Worms, popular education
hhKatharina von Bora
•• Switzerland:
•• Ulrich Zwingli, John Calvin, Conrad Grebel, Anabaptists
hhGuillaume Farel
•• Post-Reformation Europe (c. 1517–1650):
hhAugsburg Confession
•• Counter-Reformation:
•• The Inquisition, Loyola
hhThe Index, Council of Trent
•• Reformation in the Netherlands: Council of Blood and William
the Silent
•• English Reformation:
•• Tudor rulers, Spanish Armada
hhAct of Supremacy, Lady Jane Grey
•• Scottish Reformation: Mary Stuart vs. John Knox
•• Reformation in France: Huguenots and St. Bartholomew’s Day
Massacre
•• Thirty Years’ War:
•• Peace of Westphalia
hhCount of Tilly, Albrecht Wallenstein
hhBattle of Lützen, results of Thirty Years’ War
•• Post-Reformation science and culture (c. 1517–1800):
•• Founders and progress of modern science
•• Classics: music and art
158
World History cont. p. 159
History & Geography
World History cont.
Grade 10
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• World War II (1939–1945):
•• Ideologies and dictatorships
•• Aggressors on the march:
The Age of Ideas cont.
•• Victorian Era: England’s Age of Progress (1837–1901) cont.:
•• Africa:
•• David Livingstone, Robert Moffat, and Samuel Adjai Crowther
hhMunich
Pact, Siegfried and Maginot Lines
hhKhama
•• European Theater:
•• Battle of Britain, Winston Churchill, and Erwin Rommel
hhCecil
•• Invasion of Russia
•• American involvement:
•• Neutrality Act, Lend-Lease Act, Pearl Harbor, and D-Day
•• South Africa:
•• Afrikaners and Boer War
hhInvasion
Rhodes, Paul Kruger, Louis Botha
hhBeginning of Britain’s decline: Charles Darwin, Thomas Henry
Huxley, Christian Socialists, Fabian Society, utilitarians, and
modernism
•• Unbelief and revolution in 19th-century Europe (c. 1800–1900):
hhGerman philosophy and liberal Christianity: romanticism, idealism, relativism, dialectic thinking, “Higher Criticism,” modernists, and Darwinism
•• Age of Metternich
•• Revolutions of the 1830s: France, Belgium, and Central Europe
•• Revolutions of 1848: Louis Napoleon, Austria, and German states
•• Franco-Prussian War:
•• Otto von Bismarck and Wilhelm II
hhThird French Republic
hhRise of modern socialism
hhPanay
Incident
•• European Theater: Operation Torch, Italian Campaign
•• Key battles in the Pacific Theater:
•• Bataan Death March, Doolittle’s raid, Midway, Coral Sea,
Guam, Saipan, Iwo Jima, Okinawa, and kamikazes
of the Java Sea, Guadalcanal, the Aleutians, the
Gilberts, the Marianas
•• Manhattan Project:
hhFermi, Teller, Oppenheimer
•• Holocaust
hhAftermath: wartime conferences
•• Cold War Era (c. 1945–1989):
hhForming, framework, and failure of the UN
•• Communist subversion: Rosenbergs, Klaus Fuchs, and
Joseph P. McCarthy
•• Response of the West:
•• Truman Doctrine, containment, Marshall Plan, and NATO
hhWarsaw Pact
•• Fall of Nationalist China: Chiang Kai-shek, George C.
­Marshall, and Taiwan
•• Communist China:
•• Mao Tse-tung, cultural revolution, Red Guards
hhFive-Year Plan
•• Korean War:
•• MacArthur vs. containment
hhInchon
•• International changes:
•• Communist Cuba
hhSouth America: Isabel Perón and Salvador Allende
hhAsia:
hhConflicts in Israel, Lebanon, Iran, and Iraq
•• Conflict in India
•• Africa
•• Vietnam War:
hhNgo Dinh Diem
hhNuclear freeze movement
•• Space Age
•• Rise of conservatism in the West
•• Margaret Thatcher, Ronald Reagan, Falkland Islands,
Reagan Doctrine, SDI:
hhKAL 007, Chernobyl
•• Changes in Eastern Europe: perestroika, glasnost, Berlin Wall
falls, Poland, Hungary
•• Tiananmen Square Massacre
hhBattle
Twentieth Century: A World at War
•• World War I (1914–1918):
•• Road to war: spiritual decay
•• Fronts:
•• Eastern, western, Balkans, and Italian
hhPétain,
of Scandinavia
von Ludendorff
•• Bolshevik Revolution
•• American involvement:
•• Lusitania and the Zimmermann Note
hhWeimar
Republic
of God in History
•• Aftermath of war: Wilson’s Fourteen Points, Treaty of
­Versailles, and League of Nations
•• Rise of Communism (1848–1939):
•• Roots of Communism: Karl Marx, dialectical materialism,
bourgeoisie, proletariat, Frederich Engels, Communist
­Manifesto, Das Kapital
•• Early Russian history of the czars
•• Bolshevik Revolution: Vladimir Lenin, Leon Trotsky, Red
Guards, Cheka
•• Lenin’s Russia:
•• Third International, new economic policy, USSR
hhCentral Committee
•• Stalin’s Russia: Five-Year Plan, collectivization, genocide
hhWhy Communism Kills
hhTwentieth-century liberalism (c. 1900–1940):
hhDefining liberalism and conservatism
hhLiberal pseudo-sciences and philosophies
hhLiberalism in education versus traditional education
hhReligious liberalism: modernism, social gospel, and
ecumenism
hhChristian witness
hhLiberalism and conservatism in the arts
•• Prosperity of the Twenties: Paris Peace Pact
•• Great Depression: easy credit, risky investment, and government involvement
hhProvidence
159
World History cont. p. 160
History & Geography
World History cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Asia and the Pacific:
•• Japan
Twentieth Century cont.
•• Rise of globalism (c. 1990s–present):
•• Persian Gulf War
•• Rise of Islamic terrorism: 9/11 attacks and Bush Doctrine
hhPakistan
hhTaiwan
and Lee Teng-hui
Korea and Kim Young Sam
•• Southeast Asia
•• Israel and the PLO:
•• Road map for peace
hhOperation Defensive Shield
hhIntelligent Design
•• Bioethics
•• Environmentalism and globalism
hhSouth
and Kashmir
•• Changes in Western Europe:
•• Gordon Brown, Jacques Chirac, Angela Merkel
hhMaastricht
Grades 10–11
Treaty
•• Eastern Europe: Bosnia, Slobodan Milosevic, Kosovo, Dayton
Peace Accords
•• Russia after the Cold War:
•• Boris Yeltsin, Dmitri Medvedev
Geography
•• Geography projects (8) featuring maps, both physical and political:
•• The World
•• The Middle East
•• Asia
•• Africa
•• Europe
•• North America
•• South America
•• Australia and New Zealand
hhChechnya
hhNorth
Korea: Kim Jong Un
•• New leaders in African nations
•• Cuba and Raul Castro
hhSouth America: Daniel Ortega
hhCanada: Pierre Trudeau, Kim Campbell
hhUnited States: GATT
Prayer Time
•• Learn to pray for our nation and for government officials
U.S. History Grade 11
11
Third Edition
´*B^!`¨
10346201




HISTORY SERIES
The United States has attained a position of world stature hitherto unknown in the history of mankind. Therefore, it is of paramount importance that students study the history of such a nation to
learn why and how God has blessed it. United States History: Heritage of Freedom presents United
States history from a Christian perspective. As a result, the spiritual thread which has always run
prominently through United States history is carefully interwoven throughout the text with the facts,
dates, and places that make up history. A thorough coverage of key historical events, reinforced by
pictures, maps, and biographical sketches, helps to make the past come alive. After affirming the
roots of American history in Europe, United States History: Heritage of Freedom traces the progress
of America through its stages of colonization, independence, and growth to its emergence as a world
power in the twentieth century.
Added Enrichment
•• Important U.S. documents: The Declaration of
•• Special feature boxes (65):
­Independence, Preamble to the Constitution,
•• Emphasize the foundation of United States history
and ­Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address
•• Highlight great influential Americans
•• Lists: U.S. Presidents, states and capitals
•• Give facts about American symbols, details of
•• Maps correlating to text (79)
historical events, and government concepts for a
better understanding of U.S. history
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Reading quizzes (42)
•• Review quizzes (40; including 6 memorization quizzes over Preamble to Constitution, Gettysburg Address, states and
capitals, and U.S. Presidents)
•• Editorials (33; each counts as quiz grade)
•• Tests (8), 9-weeks exam (2)
•• Semester exam, final exam
•• Thirteen original colonies:
•• Spiritual and political heritage of England:
America: Land of New Beginnings (1492–1775)
•• Discovery and exploration:
•• Providence of God
•• Tribes of North America and ancient c
­ ivilizations
•• Protestant Reformation
•• Exploration of New World:
hhNew
Evaluation
hhSir
Martin Frobisher and “Northwest Passage”
political, and economic reasons for colonization
•• Jamestown: failed common-store system
hhPolitical structure
•• Plymouth: importance of the Mayflower Compact
hhReligious,
France sparsely populated
160
U.S. History cont. p. 161
History & Geography
U.S. History cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
A Growing Nation (1800–1841)
America: Land of New Beginnings cont.
•• Age of Jefferson (1800–1814):
•• Life in colonial America:
•• Diversity:
•• Immigration, churches, and governments
hhSocial
hhMarbury
vs. Madison, the Burr Conspiracy
Purchase violates Jeffersonian principles
hhTripolitan War
•• President James Madison:
•• War of 1812
hhResponsibilities of freedom
hhNon-Intercourse Act
hhFighting in Canada
hhBenefits of War of 1812
•• Nationalist Era:
•• President James Monroe and the Monroe Doctrine:
hhPanic of 1819
hhJohn Marshall’s Supreme Court
•• Westward Expansion and the Missouri Compromise:
hhBonus Bill and American System
hhRush-Bagot Agreement
•• President John Q. Adams and the Favorite Sons Election
•• Age of Jackson (1828–1841):
•• President Andrew Jackson:
hhWebster-Hayne Debate
hhForce Bill
•• President Martin Van Buren: Whig Party, Panic of 1837, and suffrage
•• President William Henry Harrison
•• President John Tyler:
hhAroostook War
hhLouisiana
classes
•• Industry and trade: triangular slave trade
•• Advance of learning:
•• Harvard College, Ole’ Deluder Satan Act, New England Primer
hhNewspapers
hhRelationship
Grade 11
of church and state
Birth of a Nation (1660–1800)
•• Preparation for independence:
•• Great Awakening
•• French and Indian War:
hhAnglo-French
conflicts
and French advantages
hhBattle of Quebec
•• Fundamental differences between the colonists and the English
•• Conflict with England:
•• British regulations on the colonists and colonial reaction:
hhNavigation Acts and regulations on industry
hhEffects of the French and Indian War
•• War for Independence:
•• American attempts at reconciliation and the British refusal: Olive
Branch Petition, Prohibitory Act, and Hessians
•• Thomas Paine’s Common Sense
•• Declaration of Independence: influence of John Locke and William Blackstone
hhPatriot disadvantages
hhPeople: St. Leger, Herkimer, Wayne, Rochambeau
hhBattle of Oriskany
•• Treaty of Paris
•• Critical Period and the Constitution (1776–1790):
•• Articles of Confederation:
hhUnderstanding the weaknesses
•• Mount Vernon, Annapolis, and Constitutional Conventions:
hhJonathan Dayton
hhWilliam Paterson and New Jersey Plan
•• Federalists and Anti-Federalists
hhHow the Constitution works
•• Federal system and implied powers
•• States’ rights with religious freedom:
•• Alexis de Tocqueville
hhIsaac Backus and John Leland
•• Federalist Era:
•• President George Washington: Judiciary Act of 1789
•• Loose and strict construction
hhMint Act of 1792
•• Federalists and Democratic-Republicans
•• French Revolution:
hhCitizen Genêt
•• President John Adams: Department of the Navy
•• President Thomas Jefferson: 12th Amendment and the Judiciary
Act of 1801
hhEnglish
161
The American Character (1790–1860)
•• Revival and missions:
•• “Age of Methodism”
•• Second Great Awakening:
hhRichard
Allen
outreach organizations
•• Reform movements: abolition, temperance, and suffrage
•• Challenges to Christianity: unitarianism and transcendentalism
•• Education and technology:
•• American textbooks: Blue-Backed Speller and the Eclectic Readers
•• Public education: Horace Mann’s normal schools and traditional
education
•• Agricultural and industrial advancements:
hhSamuel Slater, James Watt, and Oliver Evans
•• Improved transportation and communication:
hhJohn Loudon McAdam
hhNew social classes
•• Expansion to the Pacific:
•• Texas War for Independence
•• Oregon Territory: Jason Lee, Whitmans, and Spaldings
•• President James K. Polk
•• Mexican War:
•• Texas is annexed and the California Gold Rush
hhJohn Slidell
hhMission
U.S. History cont. p. 162
History & Geography
U.S. History cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Life in the “Gilded Age”:
•• Immigration to America:
Expansion and Conflict (1831–1877)
•• Slavery and secession:
•• Abolition movement
hhWilmot
hhWilliam
Speer
Exclusion Act
•• Labor unions
•• Gay Nineties
•• Growing Christian influence:
•• Charles Jones Soong
•• Advances in reforms:
hhEducation: Morrill Act and Chautauqua Movement
hhTemperance Movement: Frances Willard
•• Literature in the late 19th century
•• Politics in the Age of Industry:
•• Trouble on the farm: Greenback Labor Party and the Free
Silver Movement
•• “Black Friday”
hhPresidential Succession Act and Electoral Count Act
•• Expanding world influence:
•• Relations with foreign countries:
hhEngland and the Treaty of Washington
hhLatin America and the Organization of American States
•• New possessions
•• Spanish-American War
•• Philippines:
hhTydings-McDuffie Act
hhChinese
Proviso
•• President Zachary Taylor:
hhSeventh
of March speech
•• President Millard Filmore
•• President Franklin Pierce:
hhKansas-Nebraska
Bill
•• Republican Party
•• President James Buchanan
•• Dred Scott Case
•• Lincoln-Douglas Debate:
hhFreeport
Doctrine
•• President Abraham Lincoln
•• South Carolina secedes
•• Civil War:
•• Key battles:
•• Ft. Sumter, Vicksburg, Antietam Creek, Fredericksburg,
Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, and Wilderness Campaign
in the West
•• Emancipation Proclamation
•• Gettysburg Address
•• Confederate surrender at Appomattox Court House
hhFinancing the War: Trent affair and Alabama dispute
•• Reconstruction:
•• Lincoln’s reconstruction plan:
hhWade-Davis Bill
•• President Andrew Johnson
•• Civil War amendments and reconstruction acts
•• Johnson impeached:
hhTenure of Office Act
•• President Ulysses S. Grant
•• President Rutherford B. Hayes: Election of 1876 and Compromise of 1877
•• Tuskegee Institute: Booker T. Washington and George Washington Carver
hhWar
A New Century (1900–1940)
•• Progressive Era:
•• Advances in technology, transportation, and communication
•• President Theodore Roosevelt:
•• Business and labor: “trust-buster” and Panic of 1907
hhNatural
resources: Gifford Pinchot
affairs: Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty
•• President William Taft:
hhPayne-Aldrich Bill
•• Progressive Party
•• State and local government changes:
hhJoseph G. Cannon, recall, Presidential primary
•• World War I:
•• Steps toward war and beginning of war
•• United States’ involvement:
hhSussex Pledge, National Defense Act
•• Wilson’s Fourteen Points, League of Nations, and Treaty of
­Versailles:
hhHenry Cabot Lodge
•• Roaring Twenties:
•• Postwar unrest:
hhCommunist threats: Sacco-Vanzetti case
•• Washington Conference for Limitations of Armaments
hhFordney-McCumber Tariff
hhDawes Plan and Young Plan
hhMcNary-Haugen Bill
•• Liberalism: social gospel and new thought patterns
•• Darwinism and the Scopes trial:
hhResults of the Scopes trial
hhFundamentalists: Warfield, Gray, Dixon, Meyer, Gaebelein
hhForeign
The Age of Industry (1865–1900)
•• Nation on the move:
•• Transcontinental railroad:
hhJames
J. Hill and Jay Gould
•• Last Frontier:
hhChisholm
Trail
•• Oklahoma Land Rush
•• Plains Indians:
hhWovoka
hhHelen
Grade 11
Hunt Jackson and the Indian Reorganization Act
•• Triumph of free enterprise:
•• Agricultural progress:
hhLuther
Burbank and new legislation
of America’s prosperity
hhBig business organizations
•• Threats to free enterprise: government regulations
hhFactors
162
U.S. History cont. p. 163
History & Geography
U.S. History cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Reagan Era:
•• President Ronald Reagan: Moral Majority, “Reaganomics,”
A New Century (1900–1940) cont.
•• Depression and the New Deal:
•• President Herbert Hoover
•• Causes of the Great Depression:
and the Reagan Doctrine
•• President George H. W. Bush
•• Foreign policy: Tiananmen Square, Manuel Noriega, Nelson
hhSuccess
of private relief versus government intervention
affairs: Hawley-Smoot Tariff
•• President Franklin Roosevelt and the New Deal:
•• Relief, recovery, and reform
•• Repeal of Prohibition
•• Failure of the New Deal
Mandela, and apartheid
hhForeign
•• Collapse of the Soviet Union: fall of the Berlin Wall
•• Persian Gulf War
•• President Bill Clinton:
•• NAFTA and the PLO
hhNewt
Gingrich and “Contract with America”
debate
•• Immigration boom: “Melting Pot” versus multiculturalism
•• America enters the new millennium:
•• President George W. Bush and the 2000 election
•• 9/11 attack:
•• Why America was attacked, security vs. liberty
hhPatriot Act
•• Bush Doctrine, Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom
•• Bioethics: stem cell research and cloning
•• Neo-conservatism:
•• “One World Order”
hhIrving Kristol
hhRise of conservative talk radio
•• Intelligent Design
•• Cultural decay:
hhLawrence vs. Texas
hhEuthanasia
hhRoy Moore
•• Globalism and environmentalism: Earth Charter, global
warming, Kyoto Protocol, and flex fuels
•• President Barack Obama
The Global Age (1940–Present)
hhBudget
•• World War II:
•• Road to war:
•• Disarmament failure and religious unbelief
hhGeneva
Conference
•• Rising dictatorships
•• Unchecked aggression and failure of the Munich Pact
•• American involvement:
•• Lend-Lease Act and Pearl Harbor
hhAmerica
First Committee
•• European and Pacific theaters: D-Day, Doolittle’s Raid, V-E
Day, and V-J Day
•• Manhattan Project
•• Holocaust
•• United Nations
•• Years of strength and stability:
•• President Harry S. Truman and the Fair Deal:
hhG.I.
Bill of Rights and Internal Security Act
•• Communist subversion: McCarthy trials
•• Cold War:
•• “Iron Curtain,” Truman Doctrine, Marshall Plan, NATO
hhJapanese
Grade 11
Peace Treaty Conference
Prayer Time
•• Korean War: failure of containment
•• President Dwight D. Eisenhower and the Eisenhower Doctrine
•• Space race: Sputnik I and NASA
•• Civil rights: Martin Luther King, Jr.; Rosa Parks; and Jackie
•• Learn to pray for our nation and for government officials
Robinson
•• President John F. Kennedy
•• Communist Cuba: Bay of Pigs and Cuban Missile Crisis
•• Troubled times:
•• President Lyndon Baines Johnson: “The Great Society” and
1964 Civil Rights Act
•• Vietnam War and Communist sympathizers
•• Moon landing
•• Cultural revolution: Roe vs. Wade
•• President Richard M. Nixon: Kent State, 26th Amendment,
and Watergate
•• Middle East: Yom Kippur War and OPEC
•• President Gerald R. Ford and the fall of Saigon
•• President Jimmy Carter: Panama Canal Zone, Camp David
Peace Accord, and Iran hostages
163
History & Geography
American Government Grade 12
Grade 12
 RED indicates NEW MATERIAL
American Government in Christian Perspective seeks to give students a clear understanding
of the historical and philosophical elements that make the United States a unique nation. Only
when students fully understand these foundational elements will they be able to love and
appreciate our republic. American Government in Christian Perspective traces the roots of
our political institutions and examines the Constitution itself. Through a clear explanation of
the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government, students learn how a republic
actually functions. Students will also study state and local government and be better able
to understand their local systems, which will in turn develop a better understanding of and a
greater appreciation for American philosophy and ideology.
12
´y<*!n¨
89281001
Added Enrichment
•• Important U.S. documents: the Constitution
•• Special feature boxes (44):
of the United States, the Declaration of Inde•• Give better understanding of the following:
pendence, and the Articles of Confederation
•• Foundations of American liberty
•• State and Local Government (5 sections)
•• Operation of opposing government systems
•• Helps students understand the state and
•• Symbols of American government
local government by completing the study
•• Concepts of American government
outline for their state
•• Highlight those who have helped shape Ameri-
can government through their writings and
biographical sketches
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Evaluation
•• Reading quizzes (15)
•• Review quizzes (19); (includes memorization quizzes for “The Star-Spangled Banner,” the Preamble
to the Constitution, and four Scripture passages
totaling 15 verses)
•• Current events (14; each counts as quiz grade)
•• Patriotic project (counts as test grade)
•• Tests (4), 9-weeks exam (1)
•• Final exam
Foundations of American Government
Our Constitutional Republic
hhAmerica—a
hhConstitution
of the United States:
Plymouth to Philadelphia:
hhRoots of America’s Constitution
hhArticles of Confederation
hhNew Constitution adopted:
hhConstitutional Convention, 1787
hhBundle of compromises
hhFederalists and Anti-Federalists
hhMain features of the Constitution:
hhSupreme law of the land
hhPurposes of our government
hhRights and responsibilities of the American people
hhRepublican and limited government
hhCongress—legislative branch:
hhStructure of Congress:
hhCongressional houses and leadership
hhConstitutional qualifications
unique nation:
of America:
hhA blessed nation
hhAmerican character
hhNeed for vigilance
hhAmerican symbols
hhPatriotism versus nationalism
hhGovernment under God:
hhFoundations of civil government: nature of government
hhForms of government:
hhTheocracy and human governments
hhConstitutional republic
hhDictatorship
hhChristians and government:
hhChristian’s response and responsibilities to government
hhCharacter and government
hhShaping of the American republic:
hhEnglish heritage:
hhBible and Christianity in England
hhEnglish common law and government
hhStruggle for liberty
hhEnglish tradition takes root in America:
hhCompacts, colonies, and charters
hhColonial law and government
hhLocal government
hhSteps toward unity:
hhSpiritual revival in the colonies
hhEarly efforts at political union
hhA nation is born:
hhSteps toward independence
hhIndependence declared
hhFrom
hhMiracle
hhProcedures
within Congress: process, pay, privileges, and penalties
of Congress:
hhLawmaking and the process
hhRepresentation and oversight
hhPowers of Congress that they can and cannot exercise
hhPresident—executive branch:
hhPresident and the Constitution: creation, term, tenure, qualifications, succession, and compensation
hhPresident’s leadership: constitutional powers and God-given
authority
hhVice President
hhRoles of the President: chief of state, commander in chief
hhPresident’s team:
hhWhite House office
hhOffice of Management and Budget
hhOther advisory bodies
hhResponsibilities
164
American Government cont. p. 165
History & Geography
American Government cont.
Grade 12
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Our Constitutional Republic cont.
hhState
courts
government: county, New England town, township,
and municipal government
hhFinancing state and local government
hhAmerican citizen in action—making a difference:
hhUnited States citizen:
hhCitizenship defined
hhCitizenship by birth and naturalization
hhCitizen and his government: elected and appointed
hhPolitical participation in America:
hhCitizen and the military, voting process, political party,
interest group, public opinion, and news media
hhOther forms of political action
hhCitizen and his character: importance of righteousness in the
preservation of the nation
hhLocal
hhBureaucracy—executive
branch:
patronage to a merit system
hhGrowth of the bureaucracy
hhOrganization of the bureaucracy:
hhExecutive departments
hhAgencies
hhGovernment corporations
hhPower of the bureaucracy:
hhBureaucracy and the Constitution
hhLegacy of expanding bureaucracy
hhReform of the bureaucracy: reorganization, reduction, and
removal
hhFederal Courts—judicial branch:
hhConstitutional and legislative courts: nominating federal judges
and justices
hhJudicial process:
hhCivil and criminal cases
hhProcedure in a trial court and an appeals court
hhSupreme Court:
hhJudicial review: Marbury v. Madison
hhLegal road to the Supreme Court
hhCourt in session
hhChanging role of the Court: Earl Warren
hhBill of Rights and other amendments:
hhBill of Rights:
hhBackground of the Bill of Rights
hhOur civil rights and responsibilities
hhOriginal meaning of separation of church and state
hhOther amendments
hhImportance of various court cases
hhFrom
State and Local Government Study Outline
•• A research guide divided into five sections to help students
better understand their state and local government:
•• Section 1—My home state
•• State history
•• Voter requirements
•• Elections
•• State constitution overview
•• Changing the state constitution
•• Section 2—State executive officers
•• The governor’s office
•• Gubernatorial qualifications, elections, and terms
•• Powers and duties of the governor
•• Lieutenant governor
•• Secretary of state
•• State attorney general
•• State treasurer
•• State auditor
•• State comptroller
•• State superintendent of education
•• Other state offices
•• Section 3—State legislature
•• Overview
•• Terms and sessions
•• Apportionment
•• Qualifications and elections
•• Officers, organizations, and powers
•• Legislative committees
•• The legislative process
•• Section 4—State courts
•• State court levels
•• The jury system
•• Section 5—Local government
•• County government
•• New England town government
•• Township government
•• Municipal government
Our Federal Republic
hhAmerican
federalism:
defined
hhFounders’ choice
hhConstitution and federalism: dividing power and fulfilling
­obligations
hhHistory of federalism: rise of central power:
hhDual, cooperative, and coercive federalism
hhFederalism today:
hhStates and the Supreme Court
hhStates and Congress: the 10th Amendment
hhState and local government:
hhFifty individual states:
hhState constitutions and the federal Constitution
hhChanging states constitutions
hhFunctions of state government
hhState executive officers
hhState legislators:
hhTerms, sessions, and apportionment
hhQualifications, elections, compensation, and personnel
hhPowers of the state legislature
hhOfficers and organization of the state legislature
hhLegislative process
hhVoter participation in the lawmaking process
hhFederalism
Prayer Time
•• Learn to pray for our nation and for government officials
165
History & Geography
Economics Grade 12

Work & Prosperity

 
              
Work & Prosperity
in Christian Perspective

THIRD
EDITION
Russell Kirk
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17465301
Grade 12
 RED indicates NEW MATERIAL
The purpose of Economics: Work and Prosperity is to teach basic economic principles and to
give students a clear understanding of free-enterprise capitalism, individual moral responsibility,
and the biblical work ethic from a conservative Christian perspective. This course emphasizes
God’s Word as the one standard for man’s thoughts and actions and encourages man’s depend­
e­nce upon God rather than upon government. It stresses acceptance of moral responsibility
and accountability to God and man. Finally, this course strengthens the link between economic
freedom and the political and individual freedoms Americans enjoy.
Added Enrichment
Evaluation
•• Special feature boxes (27):
•• Emphasize the importance of responsibility in
­economics
•• Highlight people that have had positive and negative
influence on economics
•• Include illustrations of the success of capitalism,
comparison and contrasts of different economies, and
relationships of economics and government
•• Reading quizzes (18)
•• Review quizzes (17)
•• Current events (18; each counts as quiz grade)
•• Research paper (1; counts as test grade)
•• Tests (4), 9-weeks exam (1)
•• Final exam
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Everybody’s Economics
Good That Competition Does
hhWhy
hhHealthy
bother about economics?
hhBuilding an economy: the Pilgrims at Plymouth
hhEconomists and the language of economics
hhEverything has to be worked for
hhGoods, wants, and needs
hhGoods for production and goods to use up
hhWhat makes goods valuable?
competition
competition
hhMonopolies and monopolistic competition
hhOligopolies
hhCompetitive encouragement in the free market
Efficiency of Production
Economists & Economic Laws
hhTotal
hhPerfect
hhSource
principles of economics
economic history
hhAdam Smith and The Wealth of Nations
hhWays to prosperity
of efficiency
cost and efficiency
hhDivision of labor
hhScale of production
hhAbsolute and comparative advantage
hhGeographic specialization and trade
Factors of Production
Why Everybody Needs to Save
hhProsperity
hhFables
hhFirst
hhEarly
does not grow on trees
hhFactors of natural resources, labor, capital, and
entrepreneurship
hhAchieving economic prosperity
in support of saving
in Old Egypt and in modern countries
hhRewards of saving
hhWise and foolish saving
hhMany forms of saving
hhSavings in stocks, bonds, and mutual funds
hhCompulsory saving
hhSaving
Laws of Supply & Demand
hhValue
of goods
utility and value
hhBasic laws of supply and demand
hhSupply and demand in balance
hhGovernment and economic laws
hhMarginal
What Money Is Good For
hhThree
functions of money
and paper money
hhMoney supply
hhThe Treasury, Federal Reserve, and commercial banks
hhUse and abuse of money
hhMetallic
Productive Market Economy
hhMarket
signals
economic systems
hhProfits and productivity
hhContrasting
166
Economics cont. p. 167
History & Geography
Economics cont.
Grade 12
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Government & the Economy
Promise & Performance in the Command Economy
hhPurpose
hhGoals,
of government
hhGovernment and macroeconomics
hhGovernment’s potential danger to economics
hhAmerican government and the economy
Look at the Global Economy
hhGrowth
Successes & Difficulties in the Market Economy
hhGlobal
hhAchievements
hhBusiness
of the market economy
cycles
of the global economy
issues in perspective
Cheerful View of Our Economic Future
hhRefuting
the prophets of doom
the goose that lays the golden eggs
hhBuilding the moral foundation of economics
hhInflation
hhSelfishness
tours, and permanent problems of a command economy
of socialism
hhInfiltration
hhKilling
and envy
Prayer Time
•• Learn to pray for our nation and for government officials
167
Grade 7
Science: Order & Design Grade 7
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ORDER & DESIGN
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ORDER & DESIGN
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Many life science textbooks study the “simple” cell as the origin of life and discuss the “evolution” of life
through the plant and animal worlds. Science: Order & Design uses a different approach.
This life science text begins with the more complex plant world and human anatomy and physiology.
­Evolutionary hypotheses are discussed and discarded as unscientific. Similarities between man and animals
are explored and proved to be the result of a common Designer, laying a biblical foundation of origins.
A look at the complexity of the “simple” cell, the basis of all life, emphasizes the hand of the Creator in its
design. A study of ecology shows God’s providential design in the relationships between living things and
their environments.
plant kingdom
es
SCIENCE
su
Science
Added Enrichment
•• Feature boxes with activities, puzzles, extra
i­nformation, hands-on investigations for the
­classroom and at home
•• Short articles highlighting God’s design in
Creation (93)
•• Challenging homework questions to provoke
­thinking more deeply about concepts taught (69)
•• Thought-provoking review exercises (7)
•• Highlighted fun facts (127)
•• Review activities to prepare for tests (38)
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Evaluation
•• Reading quizzes (18)
•• Review quizzes (40)
•• Insect collection (counts as 3 quiz grades)
•• Science project background paper and
investigation plan (counts as test grade)
•• Tests (8), 9-weeks exam (2)
•• Semester exam, final exam
•• Photosynthesis and respiration:
•• Structures, process, chemicals
Introduction to Life Science
hhIntroduction
of basic terms: biology, organism, divisions of biology,
respiration, excretion
hhSymmetry in living things
•• Observing nature: how to set up an observation notebook and
observation kit
•• Overview of environments: meadow, woodlands, freshwater, and marine
hhScientific method:
hhSix-step process
hhExplains process of the experimental method
hhDifferentiate hypotheses, theories, and scientific laws
hhDifferentiate experimental and control groups, constants and
variables
Human Anatomy & Physiology
Plants
•• Cardiovascular system:
hhProducers
hhVegetative
reproduction
phloem
hhPrimary vs. secondary growth
hhOsmosis in plants
hhCapillarity
hhTranspiration
hhXylem,
hhOutward
•• Purpose and design of flowers:
•• Functions and structures of flowers:
hhStyle,
venules
flow through veins
hhPericardium
hhPulmonary, coronary, and systemic circulation
•• Respiratory system:
hhNasal cavity, pleura
•• Digestive system:
hhEnzymes, peristalsis, duodenum, rectum, feces
•• Excretory system:
hhUrinary system, ureters, urethra
•• Lymphatic system:
hhNeutrophils, macrophages, phagocytes
hhMain types of lymphocytes
•• Integumentary system:
hhAdipose
•• Skeletal system:
hhAxial and appendicular skeleton
hhMaxillary bones, mandible
hhPelvis
hhHinge joint, pivot joint, ball-and-socket joint
hhFracture repair
hhBlood
anther, filament, receptacle
cell, egg cell, embryo, endosperm, plumule, radicle
•• Seed dispersal:
•• Fruit
hhMechanical
and agent dispersal
•• Germination:
•• Requirements
hhProcess
•• Plant life expectancies:
hhAngiosperms
divisions: head, trunk, appendages
hhArterioles,
•• Pollination and fertilization:
•• Process, provisions for fertilization, results, development:
hhSperm
vs. consumers; uses of glucose
•• Vascular system:
•• Roots
vs. gymnosperms
•• Familiar flower families:
hhButtercup,
mint, honeysuckle, parsley, milkweed, and amaryllis
families
hhFlower arrangements: spikes, umbels, racemes
•• Monocots vs. dicots
•• Leaf structure and arrangement:
•• Margins
hhLeaf arrangement, simple or compound leaves, venation
168
Science: Order & Design cont. p. 169
Science
Grade 7
Science: Order & Design cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Human Anatomy & Physiology cont.
hhDevelopment
•• Muscular system:
hhLargest
body system by weight
•• Nervous system:
hhImpulses
•• Endocrine system:
hhGland
defined, parathyroid glands, epinephrine
of diabetes mellitus
hhReproductive system: eggs, sperm
hhTissue types
•• Prenatal growth and development:
•• Pictures and detailed descriptions of development at weekly intervals:
hhConception, fertilization, uterus
hhTypes
•• Proper nutrition:
•• Carbohydrates, fiber, protein, fats, vitamins, m
­ inerals, and water:
hhAmino
Biological Classification
•• Pioneers in classification: John Ray and Carolus Linnaeus
•• Classification system:
•• Kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species, s­ cientific name
hhSix-kingdom
system
the plant kingdom—with and without vascular systems
­(tracheophytes and bryophytes)
•• Classifying the animal kingdom—with and without backbones
­(vertebrates and invertebrates)
hhClassifying
A Healthy Life
•• Exercise:
of modern evolutionary thought: Darwin, Lyell,
­ niformitarianism, missing links
u
hhEvolution as a retreat from true science:
hhChemical evolution, evolutionary relationships
hhRecapitulation, vestigial organs, mutations
hhEvolution of horses, whales, humans
hhMutations: most are harmful or deadly, gradualism, punctuated
­equilibrium
acids, lipids
Mammals
•• Characteristics of mammals:
hhAnaerobic
•• Aerobic, training heart rate, benefits
hhFour-chambered
heart
•• Hair, mammary glands, endoskeleton, warm-blooded
•• Rest
•• Outward appearance: cleanliness, grooming, sun exposure, acne,
hhOrders
of placental mammals: 16 orders taught with more than 90
s­ pecific example animals
hhMarsupials: mammals with pouches
•• Egg-laying mammals—monotremes
•• Endangered animals
dental care
•• Introduction to disease:
•• Bacteria, viruses
•• Infectious
hhNoninfectious, congenital
hhSpread of pathogens
•• Common diseases:
•• Common cold, allergies
hhCardiovascular disease, cancer
•• Substance abuse:
•• Medications, abuse
•• Dependence, withdrawal
•• Narcotics, hallucinogens, stimulants, depressants
hhEmotions: adolescence
•• Spiritual health: Bible study and prayer
Birds
•• Internal anatomy:
•• Skeletal and muscular systems
hhRespiratory,
cardiovascular, and digestive systems
•• Senses:
•• Sight, hearing
hhSmell
•• Feathers:
•• Flight and down feathers, structure, preening
hhContour
feathers, growth, molting
motions, types of flight
•• Behavior:
•• Audible communication
hhVisual communication
•• Baths
hhDusting, anting, mobbing, running, migration
•• Courtship, egg laying, nesting, ­incubation
•• Identifying features: wings, tails, bills, feet, field marks
hhGroups: perching, birds of prey, water, game, tropical, flightless
hhFlight:
Creation & Science
hhDesign
in nature: introduction, history, and evidence of design
similar structures
hhInformation in living things: complexity, DNA, mutations
hhNatural selection: kind, speciation vs. macroevolution, specific
examples
hhThree views of life: “tree of life”—evolution, “lawn view,” “orchard
view”—Creation science
hhA Christian’s faith: what I believe and why
hhHistory of science:
hhMaterialism, Aristotle, Middle Ages
hhGeneral and special revelation
hhProtestant Reformation
hhThe Bible and science: advances in modern life science
hhLaw of biogenesis: experiments by Redi and Pasteur
hhWorld views and science: ordered or accidental, who determines
truth, faith
hhHomology:
Fish, Reptiles, & Amphibians (Cold-Blooded)
•• Fish anatomy and groups:
•• External and internal structures of bony and cartilaginous fish:
hhTypes
of fins, types of scales, myomeres
digestive, excretory, nervous, and reproductive systems
•• Reptile anatomy and groups:
•• External and internal structures, and c­ haracteristics:
hhLizard and snake groups, snake movement, snake venom, t
­ uataras
hhCirculatory,
169
Science: Order & Design cont. p. 170
Science
Grade 7
Science: Order & Design cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Protozoa:
•• Leeuwenhoek, sarcodines, ciliates
Fish, Reptiles, & Amphibians (Cold-Blooded) cont.
hhDinosaurs
and similar creatures: descriptions of various types
hhFlagellates,
•• Amphibians:
hhBacteria:
hhAnatomy
bacteria
•• Metamorphosis
•• Salamanders, frogs, and toads:
Forestry
hhSalamander
life cycles, estivation
hhCaecilians (limbless amphibians)
•• Tree groups:
•• Basic traits of angiosperm and gymnosperm trees:
hhCycads,
Insects & Other Arthropods
hhBark
hhOpen
system of circulation
•• Jean-Henri Fabre—entomologist
•• Insect anatomy and life cycles:
•• Complete and incomplete metamorphosis
hhStructure of compound eyes
•• Insect orders:
hhDetailed description and examples for each order
•• Coleoptera (sheathed wings), Hemiptera (half-wing)
•• Homoptera (same wings), Diptera (two wings)
•• Orthoptera (straight wings), Odonata (toothed)
hhNeuroptera (nerve wings)
•• Hymenoptera (membrane wings), Lepidoptera (scale-wing)
hhInsects and man: helpful and harmful characteristics of insects
•• Crustacean anatomy and orders (aquatic arthropods):
hhCommon anatomy
•• Orders:
•• Decapoda (ten feet)
hhAmphipoda (both legs), Copepoda (one eye), Branchiopoda
(gill feet)
•• Cirripedia
hhEuphausiacea (shining bright)
•• Isopoda (equal feet), includes wood lice
•• Arachnid anatomy and groups:
•• Details of common anatomy
•• Spiders, harvestmen (daddy longlegs), scorpions
hhPseudoscorpions
•• Mites, ticks
•• Centipedes and millipedes: comparison and contrast of traits
hhBud
structure and types
and lenticels
hhSun and shade leaves, leaf pigments
hhLocations of American forests: introduction and geographical
­description of North American forests
hhBranches of forestry: introductory concepts regarding forestry
hhFunctions and resources of forests
hhUsing forests: harvesting methods and renewing the resources
•• Notable tree species: details and characteristics of 24 types of North
American trees
hhForest conservation: Theodore Roosevelt, sustainability, reforestation,
forest fires, disease, insects
hhNodes
Ecology
hhFactors
in an ecosystem: of factors affecting an ecosystem
hhTolerance vs. optimum range
hhLimiting factor
hhCarrying capacity
hhBiodiversity
hhBiogeochemical cycles
hhLevels of ecology: biosphere, atmosphere, lithosphere, hydrosphere,
community, population
hhTypes of biomes:
hhOverview of traits and communities of:
hhTundra, boreal forest, temperate deciduous forest
hhGrassland, tropical rainforest
hhAquatic biomes
hhNutrition types: traits and types of producers and consumers:
•• Food chains
hhTrophic levels
hhFood webs
hhSpecial nutritional relationships: predation, symbiosis, competition,
and neutralism
hhDominion and stewardship: role of man in the environment, biblical
stewardship
hhDangers of modern environmentalism: bias, pantheism
•• Biblical conservation:
hh Bible examples
hhOverview
•• Cell theory: introduction to the cell, Robert Hooke
•• Cell structure:
•• Basic structures and functions:
cell structure and differences from human and animal cells
•• Algae:
•• Characteristics and types:
volvox, spirogyra
•• Fungi:
•• Characteristics and types:
hhClassification
hhRusts,
hhYeast
and wood as vascular tissue
hhPith
Microbiology
hhClassification;
ginkgoes
•• Tree structure:
•• Details of roots, stems, branches, and leaves:
•• Common characteristics of arthropods:
•• Basic common traits:
hhPlant
sporozoa, vorticella, stentor
eukaryotes and prokaryotes, examples of helpful and h
­ armful
smuts
reproduction
170
Science
Grade 8
Science: Earth & Space Grade 8
8
SCIENCE
SCI ENCE
Earth and Spac e
The exploration of the seas includes studying currents, tides, and ocean floor. An investigation of the
atmosphere and processes that cause weather includes overviews of several weather phenomena and of
measuring and forecasting the weather.
Earth and Space
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Science: Earth and Space lays a foundation for future study of the nonliving world. The text begins “from the
ground up,” starting with soil science and geology. Students learn how geology and the fossil record support
the biblical record of a worldwide Flood—not the hypotheses of evolution.
The solar system, stars, and galaxies are examined as the creation of God; ­evolutionary hypotheses
of solar-system formation are briefly discussed and shown to be scientifically unsound. Students learn
about man’s study and use of astronomy, including an overview of manned and unmanned spaceflight.


The text concludes with a study of environmental issues, thus teaching students to be good stewards of
the natural resources God has provided.
Added Enrichment
•• Feature boxes with activities, extra information,
hands-on ­investigations for the classroom and
at home
•• Short articles highlighting God’s design in
­creation (5)
Evaluation
•• Challenging homework questions designed to
provoke thinking more deeply about concepts
taught (53)
•• Thought-provoking review exercises (53)
•• Highlighted fun facts (142)
•• Review activities to prepare for tests (28)
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
investigation plan, experimentation, and
oral presentation (counts as 2 quiz grades and
2 test grades)
•• Tests (8), 9-weeks exam (2)
•• Semester exam, final exam
•• Mantle—middle layer:
Introduction to Science
•• Using the scientific method:
•• Three main components: hypothesizing, observation, experimentation
•• Six steps
Pedology: Soil Science
hhSeismic
•• Moho
waves, upper mantle, transition zone, lower mantle
•• Core:
•• Outer and inner core
hhCore-mantle
•• Characteristics of soil:
•• Organic and mineral materials, humus
•• Topsoil, subsoil, bedrock
boundary
•• Movements of crust:
•• Plates, plate tectonics
hhLithosphere
hhTexture:
sand, silt, clay, loam
hhColors: Munsell charts
hhSoil pH: pH scale
•• Soil nutrients—nutrients and primary plant food elements:
hhFertilizer composition: phosphates, nitrogen, potassium
hhNitrogen:
hhNitrogen cycle, nitrogen compounds
hhNitrogen-fixing bacteria
hhNitrifying bacteria, denitrifying bacteria
hhPhosphorus: cell division, growth, plant maturity
hhPotassium: general health of plant and disease resistance
•• Air and water in the soil:
hhGround air: pore spaces
•• Ground water:
hhSaturated, water table, artesian well­
•• Aquifer, capillarity
hhDevelopment
of plate tectonics theory
of plate tectonics to biblical record
hhPangaea, types of faults and folds
hhMountains: volcanic, domed, folded, fault-block
•• Earthquakes:
•• Earthquakes and tremors:
•• Tectonic earthquakes, tsunamis, aftershocks
•• Seismology, faulting, elastic rebound theory
•• San Andreas Fault, focus epicenter
hhEarthquake waves: P waves, S waves, surface wave, seismograph,
seismogram, locating an earthquake’s epicenter
•• Earthquake zones: circum-Pacific belt, Alpide belt
•• Earthquake strength:
hhModified Mercalli Scale
•• Richter magnitude scale
hhMoment magnitude scale
hhStudying earthquakes:
hhProvide information about earth’s interior
hhSan Andreas Fault Observatory at Depth
•• Reducing earthquake damage:
hhFixed-base, base-isolated, and energy-dissipating systems
hhRelationship
Geology
•• Structure of the earth:
•• Introduction to geology: defined
•• Crust—outer layer:
•• Covered with sediment
hhOxygen,
•• Reading quizzes (23)
•• Review quizzes (36)
•• Science project with background paper,
silicon, ­aluminum, iron
171
Science: Earth & Space cont. p. 172
Science
Grade 8
Science: Earth & Space cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Metamorphic rocks:
•• Metamorphism:
Geology cont.
•• Volcanoes:
•• Magma, magma chamber, cone
hhContact
and regional metamorphism
•• Foliated and nonfoliated rocks
hhVolcanology
hhCharacteristics
•• Types of volcanoes: cinder-cone, shield, composite, active,
of metamorphic rocks
•• Weathering:
•• Physical weathering:
­dormant, extinct
•• Location of volcanoes: Ring of Fire
•• Volcanic eruptions and ejecta:
hhIce
wedging, exfoliation
•• Chemical weathering:
hhTypes
of lava
•• Pyroclasts:
•• Volcanic ash, lapilli, volcanic blocks, volcanic bombs
hhDifference between volcanic blocks and volcanic bombs,
pyroclastic flows
•• Volcanic structures:
•• Calderas
hhLava tunnels
hhIgneous intrusions: dikes, sills, laccoliths, batholiths
•• Introduction to minerals:
•• Study of minerals:
•• Mineralogy, crystals
hhGroups of minerals (halides, sulfides, sulfates, oxides, carbonates, phosphates, silicates); faces
•• Identifying minerals:
•• Surface color, streak color, luster, hardness, Mohs scale
•• Cleavage, acid test
hhSpecific gravity, special properties (fluorescence, phosphoresence)
•• Notable minerals:
•• Metals:
•• Ore, useful metals
hhMetallurgy, Bayer process, Hall-Héroult process
•• Iron, alloy, precious metals
hhBlast furnace, direct iron reduction
•• Gemstones:
•• Precious stones, diamond pipes, semiprecious stones
hhSimulant and synthetic gemstones
hhMethods of synthesizing: flame fusion process, pulled method,
hydrothermal synthesis
•• Rocks—petrology:
•• Igneous rocks:
•• Intrusive and extrusive rock
•• Coarse-grained, fine-grained
hhPorphyritic (mixed-textured), amorphous, porous
•• Sedimentary rocks:
hhConcretions, stratum, law of superposition
•• Mechanical sediments:
•• Conglomerate rock
hhClastic sedimentary rock
•• Chemical sediments:
hhPrecipitate, evaporites, salt domes
•• Organic sediments:
•• Fossil fuel, types of coal, bitumen, surface mining
•• Underground mining:
hhLongwall, continuous, and retreat mining
hhCauses,
rate
•• Erosion:
•• Erosion by rain:
hhRunoff,
sheet erosion
•• Gullying
•• Erosion by rivers:
hhHeadwaters,
load, river system, drainage basin, drainage divide
floodplain, levees, meanders, oxbow lake, alluvial fan
•• Erosion by groundwater:
•• Caverns, stalactite, stalagmite, column, sinkhole
hhDripstone, karst
•• Erosion by the sea:
•• Beaches, sea caves
hhBars, barrier islands, promontories, sea cliff, sea arches, sea stack
•• Erosion by glaciers:
hhContinental glaciers, ice caps, valley glaciers, crevasses
hhCirque, arête, horn, fjord, striae, till, moraine, drumlins
hhOutwash, kettles, Ice Age
hhErosion by wind:
hhAeolian processes, deflation, sand and dust storms, sand dunes
hhCrescentic, parabolic, and transverse dunes
hhAbrasion
hhErosion by gravity:
hhMass wasting, soil creep, mudflows
hhAvalanche, landslides, rockfall
•• Preventing erosion:
•• Terracing
hhStrip-cropping, breakwaters
hhTributary,
Interpreting the Fossil Record
•• Conflicting views of the beginning:
•• Special creation, evolution:
hhBig
bang, theistic evolution
of geology: principle of uniformity
hhGeology and the Genesis Flood
•• Uniformitarianism: Charles Lyell, problems with, Charles Darwin
hhCatastrophism: Georges Cuvier
•• Paleontology:
•• Fossil formation
hhGeologic column:
hhEons, eras, periods, epochs, index fossils
hhImaginary arrangement, circular reasoning, anomalies
hhRadiometric dating: carbon-14 dating
hhBiblical explanation of the fossil record
hhEvidence of a flood:
hhQuick deposition: massive “graveyards,” polystrate fossils,
­unconformity
hhLiving fossils: coelacanth, stasis
hhLimitations
172
Science: Earth & Space cont. p. 173
Science
Grade 8
Science: Earth & Space cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Interpreting the Fossil Record cont.
The Atmosphere
•• Evidence against evolution:
•• Introducing the atmosphere:
•• Atmospheric composition:
hh“Missing
links”:
hhSeymouria, Archaeopteryx, Tiktaalik
hhCambrian explosion
hhImpossibility of intermediates
•• Natural selection and intermediates
•• Punctuated equilibrium
•• Evolution of man—a mistaken belief:
hhMan vs. ape: body structure, upright posture, cranial capacity
•• Questionable intermediates:
•• Ramapithecus, Neanderthal man
hhAuthralopithecines, Lucy, Homo habilis, Skull 1470
hhHomo erectus, Java man, Peking man, Cro-Magnon man
•• True origin of man: created in God’s image
hhHomosphere,
heterosphere
•• Composition of air, water vapor, ozone
•• Layers by temperature:
•• Troposphere:
hhTemperature
gradient, tropopause
•• Stratosphere, ozone layer:
hhTypes
of ultraviolet radiation
•• Mesosphere, thermosphere, exosphere:
hhMesopause,
•• Ionosphere:
hhCosmic
thermopause
rays, plasma
•• Magnetosphere:
•• Poles, magnetic field, auroras
The Seas
hhVan
Allen radiation belts
•• Atmospheric pressure: weight of air
•• Water of the seas—oceanography:
•• Characteristics of seawater:
•• Composition, salinity
•• Heat and the atmosphere:
•• Balanced system:
hhRadiation,
hhColor,
temperature, density, hydrostatic pressure
hhIce of the seas: sea ice, icebergs, ice shelf
•• Movement of the seas:
•• Ocean currents:
hhSurface currents, gyre
•• Gulf Stream, Peru Current
hhSubsurface currents: density current, turbidity current
hhUpwelling, countercurrent
•• Waves and related phenomena:
•• Crest, trough
hhPeriod, whitecaps, ocean swells, breaker, surf
hhUndertow, longshore current, rip current
hhTsunami formation, propagation, and warning systems
•• Tides:
•• High, low, spring, neap tides
hhDiurnal, semidiurnal, mixed semidiurnal
•• Geography of the seas:
•• Continental margin:
•• Continental shelf, continental slope
hhShelf break, continental rise, submarine canyons
•• Deep ocean floor:
•• Seamount, atoll, lagoon, mid-ocean ridge
hhAbyssal plain, Mid-Atlantic Ridge, hadal zone
•• Study of the seas:
•• Introduction to oceanography:
•• Matthew Maury
hhH.M.S. Challenger
•• Vessels of the oceanographer:
•• Submersibles
hhResearch vessel, bathyscaphe
hhDeep Submergence Vehicles, remotely operated vehicle
•• Manned undersea laboratories
•• Equipment of the oceanographer:
hhOceanographic buoys, drift bottles, profiling floats
hhNiskin bottles, rosette, gravity corer, piston corer
•• Sonar, scuba
•• Insolation:
albedo
hhFactors
affecting insolation
aphelion, energy budget
•• Greenhouse effect:
hhGreenhouse gases
•• Heat distribution in the atmosphere:
hhConduction, convection, convection currents
•• Updrafts, downdrafts
hhAdiabatic heating and cooling
•• Patterns of circulation:
•• Circulating currents:
•• Low pressure, high pressure, global winds
hhConvection cell, Hadley cell
•• Coriolis effect:
hhInertia, cyclone, anticyclone
•• Earth’s wind zones:
hhIntertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ or doldrums), horse latitudes
•• Trade winds, polar easterlies, prevailing westerlies
hhJet streams, Rossby waves
•• Local winds:
hhMonsoon effect
hhSea, lake, land, and forest breezes
hhAnabatic, katabatic, fall winds, and the mistral
hhFoehns, chinooks, Santa Ana winds
hhPerihelion,
Weather
•• Understanding weather—climate, meteorology:
•• Factors causing weather: heat energy, uneven heat distribution,
water vapor
•• Atmospheric water vapor:
•• Melting, freezing, precipitation, condensation
•• Saturated, relative humidity
•• Dew and frost points:
•• Dew, frozen dew, frost
hhCondensation
freezing nuclei
173
nuclei, frost point, deposition, supercooled,
Science: Earth & Space cont. p. 174
Science
Grade 8
Science: Earth & Space cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Measuring and forecasting weather:
•• Measuring basics:
•• Thermometer:
Weather cont.
•• Clouds and fog:
•• Naming clouds:
•• Based on:
•• Shape
hhMaximum-minimum,
bimetallic strip, and electrical thermometers;
thermograph
•• Barometer:
•• Bar
hhAneroid barometer, millibars
•• Hygrometer:
•• Psychrometer
hhWet-bulb depression, hair hygrometer
•• Weather vane
hhAnemometer
hhRain gauge, Stevenson Screen
•• Modern measurements:
hhAutomated instruments, automatic weather stations
hhTransmissometer, visibility
•• Weather balloons:
hhRadiosonde
hhSounding rocket, ceilometers
•• Radar, weather satellite
hhSummarizing weather conditions: surface weather charts, station
model, isobars, isotherms
•• Predicting weather conditions: weather forecasts, supercomputers
•• Do-it-yourself forecasting: predictable patterns, analyzing clouds
hhHeight
•• Cumulus, stratus, cirrus, and variations of these three
hhLenticular,
contrails
•• Fog:
•• Radiation and steam fog
hhMist;
advection, upslope, and freezing fog
photochemical smog
•• Precipitation—water cycle
•• Liquid precipitation:
•• Rain, raindrops, snowflakes, drizzle, freezing rain
hhBergeron process, collision-coalescence process
•• Solid precipitation:
•• Sleet, snow, dendrite, hail
hhFlurries, snow squall, blizzard, whiteout, glaze, rime
hhDrought: conditions for; agricultural, hydrological, and socioeconomic droughts
•• Air masses:
•• Types of:
•• Maritime tropical, continental tropical
•• Maritime polar, continental polar, Arctic
hhAir-mass weather
•• Fronts and weather:
•• Warm and cold fronts
hhStationary and occluded fronts
hhFrontal cyclones
•• Thunderstorms, lightning, and tornadoes:
•• Thunderstorms:
hhStable and unstable air, stages of development
hhDownbursts, cells, supercell
•• Squall line
•• Lightning:
•• Formation, stepped leader, thunder
hhReturn stroke, dart leader
•• Types:
hhNegative and positive cloud-to-ground, hot lightning,
ground-to-cloud, ball lightning
•• Tornadoes:
•• Formation, dangers
hhMesocyclone, condensation funnel, occurrence
hhEnhanced Fujita scale, waterspout, dust devil
•• Hurricanes:
hhLife of a hurricane: tropical cyclone, tropical disturbance
hhCyclone categories:
hhTropical depression, tropical storm
hhSaffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale
hhHurricane structure: eye, eye wall
•• Hurricane dangers:
•• Wind, inland flooding
hhStorm surge
hhSmog,
Astronomy
•• Solar System:
•• Structure of the solar system:
•• Orbit
hhGeocentric,
Aristotle
•• Ptolemy
•• Copernicus, Galileo, Kepler
hhHeliocentric
•• Planetary motions:
•• Elliptical paths, Kepler’s three laws of planetary motion
•• Astronomical units
•• Gravity and the solar system:
•• Sir Isaac Newton, law of universal gravitation
hhOrigin
of the solar system: Creation vs. nebular hypothesis
•• Interplanetary space: vacuum
•• Planets:
•• Mercury: speediest planet
•• Venus:
•• Earth’s twin, morning and evening star
hhRetrograde
•• Earth:
•• Life-sustaining planet
•• Moon, satellite, lunar month, maria
hhTerrae,
rays
•• Phases of the moon, solar eclipse, lunar eclipse
•• Mars: red planet, Phobos, Deimos, Tharsis Bulge, Olympus Mons
•• Jupiter:
•• Largest planet, Great Red Spot, Galilean satellites
174
Science: Earth & Space cont. p. 175
Science
Grade 8
Science: Earth & Space cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Astronomy cont.
Man & the Universe
•• Saturn:
•• Second-largest, “shepherd moons,” Titan, Iapetus, Mimas, Phoebe
•• Instruments of astronomy:
•• Visible light astronomy:
•• Telescope, refracting telescope, objective
•• Eyepiece, reflecting telescope
hhEnceladus
•• Uranus:
•• Retrograde rotation
hhResolution
•• Spectroscopy: visible spectrum, spectroscope, spectrogram
•• Radio wave astronomy:
•• Radio telescopes
hhTitania,
Oberon, Miranda, Cordelia, Ophelia
•• Neptune: discovered mathematically before seen
hhPlanets vs. dwarf planets: Pluto and moons, Eris
•• Asteroids: asteroid belt, Ceres, Trojan asteroids, near-earth
asteroids
•• Comets:
hhEdmond Halley
•• Halley’s comet, nucleus, coma, tail
hhShort-period comet, long-period comet
•• Kuiper belt
•• Meteoroids: meteor, meteor shower, meteorites
•• Constellations:
hhCelestial sphere:
hhHorizon, distance between objects, celestial poles
hhCelestial equator, circumpolar
•• Polaris, zodiac
hhModern definition of constellation, asterisms
•• Seasonal constellations:
hhSpring constellations
hhSummer constellations: Lyra, Vega, Summer Triangle
hhAutumn and winter constellations
•• Great Square
•• Southern constellations: Centaurus and Crux
•• Sun, stars, and galaxies:
•• Sun:
•• Core, photosphere, granule, sunspots
hhSupergranules
•• Chromosphere, spicules, solar flares, solar prominence
hhTransition region
•• Corona, solar wind
•• Stellar measurements:
•• Light-year
hhParallax, stellar parallax, parsec
•• Star magnitude: apparent magnitude, absolute magnitude
•• Star categories:
•• Temperature and color, temperature and magnitude
hhHertzsprung-Russell diagram
•• Giants, supergiants, main sequence, white dwarfs
hhRed dwarfs
•• Stars in groups:
•• Binary star, optical double
hhOpen clusters, globular clusters
•• Stellar explosions:
•• Nova, supernova, pulsar
hhNeutron star
•• Galaxies:
•• Milky Way, clusters, Local Group, Andromeda galaxy
•• Superclusters
•• Spiral, barred, elliptical, and irregular galaxies
hhLenticular galaxies
hhQuasars
•• Nebulae
hhInterferometry
•• Astronomy and time:
hhMeridian
and transits: zenith, nadir, meridian, transit
•• Day and night:
hhSidereal
day
solar day, mean solar day, equation of time
•• Standard solar time, summer time
•• Longer times: lunar month, solar year, week
•• Calendars:
•• Gregorian
hhJulian, Jewish
•• Ecliptic and climates:
hhEquinox, precession of the equinoxes, solstice
•• Climate zones
•• Seasons:
hhRelationship to equinoxes and solstices; lengths
•• Causes
•• History of spaceflight:
•• Rockets: solid-fuel rocket, Robert Goddard, liquid-fuel rocket,
­Wernher von Braun
•• Race to the moon:
•• Sputnik 1, Explorer 1
•• Yuri Gagarin, Alan Shepard, John Glenn, Valentina Tereshkova
•• Gemini and Apollo Programs, Saturn V, Neil Armstrong
•• Manned space stations: Salyut program, Skylab, Mir, International
Space Station
•• Space shuttle
•• Spaceflight today:
hhNations in space
•• Private space flights
•• Orbits and satellites:
•• Objects in orbit:
hhApogee, perigee
•• Geostationary orbit, polar orbit
hhSun-synchronous orbits, Hohmann transfer orbit
•• Unmanned satellites:
•• Astronomical, communications, weather, navigational
•• Earth observation, military satellites, GPS
•• Unmanned space probes:
hhEscape velocity
hhApparent
Environmental Science
•• Environment and pollution:
•• Introduction to environmental science:
•• Biotic and abiotic factors, biogeochemical cycles
hhPreservationists,
•• Pantheism
175
conservationists
Science: Earth & Space cont. p. 176
Science
Grades 8–9
Science: Earth & Space cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Managing our resources:
•• Biblical commands
•• Examining our resources:
Environmental Science cont.
•• Pollution basics
hhLand
pollution: landfill, reclaimed, waste-to-energy incinerator, syngas
pollution:
hhPrimary and secondary pollutants, formation and dangers of
temperature inversion
hhClean Air Acts
hhWater pollution: point and non-point sources, coliform bacteria
hhGlobal change:
hhAcid rain
hhOzone depletion:
hhRowland-Molina hypothesis, freons, halons
hhOzone-depleting substances, Montreal Protocol
hhHydrochlorofluorocarbons, fluorocarbons
•• Global warming: anthropogenic global warming, Medieval C
­ limate
Optimum, Little Ice Age
hhNon-renewable
hhAir
and renewable resources
•• Sustainable development, environmental technology
hhWater
reclamation
•• Recycling programs
•• Renewable energy:
•• Solar energy:
hhActive
and passive solar power, photovoltaic cells, concentrating
solar power
•• Wind power:
hhWind turbine, wind farm
hhHydroelectric power
hhNuclear power:
hhNuclear chemistry, nuclear fission, nuclear chain reaction
hhNuclear reactor, breeder reactor
Science: Matter and Energy Grade 9
9
´+Wt!f¨
11558401
S CIENCE M tter nd Energy
ctronics
M tter nd Energy
Sound
Friction
Acceleration
Gravity
Science: Matter and Energy builds a foundation for future studies in chemistry, physics, and other fields.
The ­Christian perspective of this text naturally rejects the unproven hypothe­sis of evolution, recognizing
special c­reation as the only reasonable explanation for the universe’s origin. This position is presented
throughout the text and highlighted in a chapter on origins, which provides evidence against evolution
and for the reality of the Genesis Creation account.
Science: Matter and Energy also recognizes God’s command for man to have dominion over creation.
Thus the purpose of science becomes the application of scientific knowledge for mankind’s benefit. From
chemistry to physics, the goal is to learn how man might extend his “dominion” and make better use
of creation. With man’s dominion over the earth comes a responsibility to tend, manage, and conserve
resources. However, the ultimate purpose of creation must not be forgotten—the earth was made for
man to inhabit, and its resources were made for man to use.


Added Enrichment
•• Feature boxes with extra information, articles highlighting
God’s design in creation
•• Classroom demonstrations with student p
­ articipation (36)
•• Challenging homework questions to make students think
more deeply about concepts (63)
Evaluation
•• Reading quizzes (20)
•• Review quizzes (39)
•• Science project with background paper, investigation
plan, experimentation, follow-up paper, created display,
oral presentation (counts as test grade)
•• Tests (8), 9-weeks exam (2)
•• Semester exam, final exam
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Scientific method:
•• 3-step process; theories, laws
Introduction to Physical Science
•• Basics of matter and energy:
•• Inertia, force
•• Properties of matter:
hhPhysical
hhPredictions:
hhLimitations
and chemical changes
hhBiblical
•• Mass, weight, volume, density, state, temperature
hhBranches
testability, repeatability
hhCausality
of science: scope, assumptions, bias, approximations
reasons to study science
of physical science: physics and chemistry
176
Science: Matter and Energy cont. p. 177
Science
Grade 9
Science: Matter and Energy cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Energy:
Matter and Energy
hhSI
•• Measuring matter:
unit
•• Forms:
hhMathematics
in science
precision, and significant figures
•• Scientific notation
•• Units:
•• Systems of measurement:
hhNeed for systems of measurement
•• Metric system / SI:
hhDefinition of units: meter, liter, kilogram, second
•• Celsius temperature scale
hhKelvin temperature scale
•• Volume, density, and specific gravity:
hhMeasuring volume by fluid displacement
•• States of matter:
hhAtomic theory defined
hhKinetic theory of matter:
hhCohesion, Brownian motion, diffusion
•• Osmosis
•• Solids:
hhCrystalline vs. amorphous solids
•• Properties of solids:
hhElasticity, resilience, rigidity, plasticity
•• Hardness:
••Mohs scale
hhBrinell hardness scale
hhDeformation of solids:
hhStretching, compression, bending, shear, torsion
hhHooke’s law, spring constant
•• Liquids:
hhAdhesion
•• Surface tension
•• Capillarity:
hhMeniscus
•• Pressure in liquids:
hhMathematical definition; SI units
hhGravitational pressure, Pascal’s principle
hhHydraulic press
•• Gases:
hhGas laws: Boyle’s, Charles’s, Amontons’s
•• Atmospheric pressure:
•• Barometers:
hhPhysical principles
hhApplications: straws, siphons, vacuum cleaners
hhFluid displacement:
hhArchimedes’ principle, buoyancy
hhBuoyancy in liquids: floating, neutral buoyancy
hhBuoyancy in air
hhBernoulli’s principle:
hhApplication to flight: forces on flight, control surfaces, streamlining
hhOther applications: hydrofoils, curve balls, carburetors
hhRadiant,
hhAccuracy,
mechanical
•• Energy changes:
hhConservation
•• Kinetic energy:
hhForms;
of matter and energy
calculation of translational kinetic energy
•• Potential energy:
hhFundamental
forces: relationship to potential energy
hhTypes
hhCalculation
of gravitational potential energy
•• Heat and thermal energy:
hhFactors
affecting thermal energy
equilibrium
hhHeat capacity and specific heat
hhCalorimetry
•• Thermal expansion:
hhExplained
•• Heat transfer: conduction, convection, radiation:
hhDirection
hhApplications: Dewar flask, indoor heating
hhThermodynamics: laws of thermodynamics; mechanical equivalent
of heat, Carnot engine, entropy, perpetual motion
•• State changes:
hhFreezing point depression, latent heat, heat of fusion
hhVolatile, nonvolatile
hhScientific definition of boiling; boiling point elevation, heat of
vaporization
hhVapor pressure: relationship to boiling point; critical temperature
hhHeat pumps
hhSublimation, deposition
hhThermal
Chemistry
•• Foundations of chemistry:
•• Chemistry and matter:
hhBrief
history
•• Definition, characteristics of matter, atomic theory
•• Elements and compounds
hhHistory
of atomic symbols
•• Inside the atom:
•• Nucleus with protons and neutrons, atomic number, electrons:
hhQuarks,
electron shells, types of ions
number, atomic mass
•• Atomic models:
hhQuantum theory, uncertainty principle, quantum numbers, Pauli
exclusion principle
•• Nuclear chemistry:
hhNuclear decay
•• Fission and fusion
hhDetails of process
hhMass
177
Science: Matter and Energy cont. p. 178
Science
Grade 9
Science: Matter and Energy cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Chemistry cont.
Science vs. Evolution
•• Biblical view of origins:
•• Electrons and chemical properties:
•• Valence electron, periodic table of elements:
hhOrigin
of time, space, matter, and energy
•• History of evolutionary philosophy:
•• Darwin, Lyell, Origin of Species, uniformitarianism
hhPeriods
and groups
•• Alkali metals, alkaline earth metals
hhTransition metals, inner transition metals
hhGroups 13–16
•• Halogens, noble gases
•• Molecules and chemistry:
•• Compounds and mixtures:
hhMolecular mass, isomers
hhPure substance, homogeneous, heterogeneous
hhSolutions, solubility, colloids
•• Chemical bonds:
•• Covalent bonds:
hhSingle, double, triple; Lewis structures
hhPolar and nonpolar; electronegativity, partial charge
hhCovalent network, formula unit
•• Ionic bonds:
hhPolyatomic ions; ionic crystals
hhMetallic bonds
hhBasic chemical nomenclature; types of chemical formulas
hhIntermolecular forces:
hhTypes, characteristics, and relative strength
hhEffects on physical properties: solid structure, state changes,
solubility
•• Chemical reactions:
hhReactants, products
•• Chemical equations, conservation of mass:
hhBalancing equations
hhChemical thermodynamics:
hhEndothermic and exothermic reactions
hhEntropy in chemical reactions
hhChemical kinetics: activation energy, factors affecting reaction
rates; catalysts
hhChemical equilibrium: Le Châtelier’s principle
hhTypes of chemical reactions
•• Salts
hhChemistry of acids and bases: pH as a measure of concentration
hhRedox reactions and electrochemistry:
hhBasic terms
hhTypes and chemistry of electrochemical cells
hhOrganic chemistry:
hhUniqueness of carbon, hydrocarbon nomenclature
hhAlkanes, alkenes, alkynes
hhAromatics, substituted hydrocarbons, soaps, and polymers
•• Biochemistry:
•• Carbohydrates, lipids:
hhDisaccharides, glycogen, structure of fats, types of cholesterol
hhChemistry and structure of proteins, types and structure of
nucleic acids
•• Metabolism:
hhChemistry of ATP
hhThomas
Huxley
to the U.S.: Asa Gray, James Dana
•• Theistic evolution
hhNeo-Darwinism defined; evolution and secular humanism
•• Evolutionary views of origins:
•• Chemical evolution and big bang theory
hhStanley Miller’s experiment
•• Modern opposition to evolution:
•• Rise of Creation science
hhNotable figures and organizations
•• Notable scientists who believed in Creation:
•• Isaac Newton
hhWilliam Gilbert, Samuel Morse
hhEvidences against evolution from chemistry and physics:
hhImpossibility of chemical evolution, DNA complexity, interpretation
of DNA
hhInverse square laws, second law of thermodynamics, decay of earth’s
magnetic field
hhComplexity of the human brain; bat echolocation; electric fish
hhMovement
Motion
•• Describing motion:
hhBrief
history of physics
and vectors, distance and displacement, simple vector addition
•• Speed
hhVelocity
hhAcceleration
•• Newton’s laws of motion:
hhSecond and third laws
•• Forces in nature:
hhQuantitative treatment of gravity
hhCircular motion: centripetal and centrifugal force
•• Friction:
hhCauses and types of friction
hhQuantitative treatment
•• Work:
hhQuantitative treatment
hhPower, momentum
•• Simple machines:
hhMechanical advantage, efficiency
•• Types of simple machines:
•• Lever, wheel and axle, inclined plane
hhPulley, wedge, screw
•• Waves and energy:
•• Medium, structure of waves
hhTypes of waves
•• Measurement of wave properties:
•• Wavelength, frequency
hhPeriod, amplitude, speed
hhWave behavior
hhScalar
178
Science: Matter and Energy cont. p. 179
Science
Grade 9
Science: Matter and Energy cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Motion cont.
hhTransferring
•• Sound waves:
•• Nature and transmission of sound waves
•• History of understanding of sound waves
hhIntensity,
•• Pitch:
hhInduction
hhNature
hhElectrostatic
hhPrinciples
hhAudible,
infrasonic, and ultrasonic sounds
effect
hhQuantitative treatment of speed, shock waves
•• Behavior of sound waves:
•• Reflection:
hhEchoes
•• Sonar
hhMinimizing reflection: acoustics
hhRefraction, diffraction, interference
hhMusic:
hhScientific definition
hhInterference in music:
hhConsonance, dissonance, interval
hhBeats, harmonic series, timbre
hhResonance
hhMain types of acoustic musical instruments
hhLeyden
jar, capacitor
static electricity
•• Magnets and magnetism:
•• Brief history, law of magnetic poles, magnetic fields
hhQuantitative treatment of law of magnetic force
hhPermeability
hhElectron spin, domains
hhTypes of materials: diamagnetic, paramagnetic, ferromagnetic
hhMethods of magnetization
•• Electromagnets:
hhLeft-hand rule, strength
•• Demagnetization
hhMagnetic deflection
•• Magnetic earth:
hhCompass, dipping needle
hhMagnetic declination, isogonic lines
hhMagnetic inclination, isoclinic lines
•• Magnetosphere
hhCelestial magnets
hhElectric current:
hhMoving charges, direct and alternating current, voltage
hhCurrent, power, kilowatt-hours
hhResistance, Ohm’s law:
hhReducing resistance, resistors
hhJoule heat, superconductors
hhElectric circuits:
hhComponents of a circuit, closed / open circuits
hhShort circuits, fuses and breakers
hhSeries and parallel circuits
hhUsing electricity:
hhIncandescent, fluorescent, and neon lamps
hhCFLs and LEDs
hhSolenoid, telegraph, relay, and loudspeaker
hhBasic structure and motions of electric motors
hhProducing electricity:
hhElectrochemical cells:
hhBatteries in series and parallel
hhElectromagnetic induction:
hhAC and DC generation
hhMHD generators, transformers
hhUsing
Light & Color
•• Nature of light:
•• History of theories of light
relationship between wavelength and frequency
•• Dual nature of light
•• Color:
hhRelationship
to frequency and wavelength; additive and subtractive mixing, primary colors
•• Behavior of light:
hhReflection, refraction, mirage, scintillation, rainbow formation
hhInterference, diffraction, polarization
•• Electromagnetic radiation:
•• Electromagnetic spectrum
hhProperties of radio waves, microwaves, infrared, ultraviolet,
x-rays, and gamma rays
hhRelationship between frequency and energy
hhLaser light formation, properties, and uses
•• Speed of light:
hhConstant
hhBrief overview of Einstein’s special and general relativity
Electricity & Magnetism
•• Electrostatics:
history
•• Electric charge and fields, law of electric charges
hhQuantitative
generators:
of operation
•• Lightning:
•• Stepped leader, return stroke
•• Lightning rods
hhDoppler
hhBrief
of current in gases, liquids, solids
hhElectroscope
loudness
hhQuantitative
charges:
conservation, grounding
hhConduction,
treatment of law of electric force
179
Science
Grade 9
Science: Matter and Energy cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Electricity & Magnetism cont.
hhElectronic
computers:
of the computer: ENIAC and UNIVAC I
hhAnalog vs. digital
hhBinary and hexadecimal number systems, logic gates
hhProcessing, storage, data transfer
hhHardware, software
hhModern computers: PCs, servers, mainframes, and supercomputers
hhRobotics
•• Electronics:
hhHistory
hhFoundations
of electronics:
tubes, cathode-ray tubes, picture tubes, x-ray tubes
hhThermionic emission, diodes, triodes
•• Semiconductor electronics:
hhHow a semiconductor works, doping
hhDiodes, transistors
•• Photovoltaic cells
hhLED, semiconductor lasers
hhIntegrated circuit production and application
hhVacuum
Health Grade 9
Health in Christian Perspective will enable students to gain a deeper knowledge of the anatomy
and physiology of the human body. They will be encouraged to reach out to others and to live
a happy, healthy life as they maintain a consistent walk with the Lord. They will learn how to
maintain their physical health through good nutrition and fitness with an emphasis on cardiorespiratory and musculoskeletal health.
A study of the nervous system in light of biblical principles encourages students to maintain
good mental and emotional health. Practical aspects of safety and first aid are included in the
middle of the course. Students will also learn how the immune system works to prevent disease, how to avoid drug abuse, and how to pursue a right relationship with God and others.
Added Enrichment
Evaluation
•• Sidebars containing extra health facts,
checklist for personal health, and applications of health information (185)
•• Feature boxes including biblical discernment, medical
careers, and articles on health-related issues (20)
•• Atlas of human anatomy
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Developing a Healthy Body
•• Reading quizzes (12)
•• Review quizzes (16)
•• Tests (4)
•• 9-weeks exam, final exam
Maintaining Personal Health
•• Growth and development:
•• Fetus development from conception to birth
•• Infancy
•• Cardiorespiratory fitness:
•• Cardiology: anatomy and physiology of organs in the cardiovascular
system:
hhSeptum
•• Blood pressure and heart rate:
hhRadial and carotid pulse, stroke volume
•• Pneumology: anatomy and physiology of organs in respiratory
system:
hhLung capacity
•• Musculoskeletal health:
•• Osteology: anatomy and physiology of skeletal system:
hhDivisions of the backbone
hhArm and leg bones, periosteum
hhCompact and spongy bones
hhGliding, saddle, and ellipsoid joints
•• Myology: anatomy and physiology of muscular system:
hhFast-twitch and slow-twitch muscle fibers
hhFlexors and extensors
•• Review 7 muscles and groups
hhLearn 10 muscles and groups
hhAdolescent
development
•• Endocrinology:
•• Endocrine glands and hormones:
hhSomatotropin, antidiuretic hormone, aldosterone, estrogens,
testosterone, melatonin
•• Regulating metabolism, physical changes, and sleep
•• Nutritional needs:
•• Gastroenterology: digestion; anatomy and physiology of organs
in the digestive system
hhGingiva, root canal, uvula, chyme
•• Macronutrients:
•• Carbohydrates, dietary fiber, proteins, fats and oils:
hhEssential amino acids; triglycerides
•• Micronutrients: vitamins, minerals, electrolytes, water
•• Healthful food choices:
•• Energy from food:
hhKilocalorie / calorie, basal metabolism, food guide pyramid
•• Nutritional balance: acceptable weight range, weight control
180
Health cont. p. 181
Science
Grade 9
Health cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Maintaining Personal Health cont.
hhIngested,
hhProtection
hhStrength
training
•• Assessing physical fitness:
hhCardiorespiratory endurance
•• Muscular strength and endurance
•• Measuring flexibility, body fat content
•• Total workout: warm-up, work out (training heart rate), cool down,
overload
hhEnergy for exercise:
hhAerobic and anaerobic processes
hhEnergy efficiency, sports nutrition, maintaining hydration
•• Benefits of exercise
•• Personal hygiene:
•• Your protective covering: skin, below the dermis, throughout the
dermis, above the dermis
•• Good grooming:
•• Basic skin care, clear complexion, hair that flatters
•• Healthy nails, healthy smile
•• UV protection and skin cancer prevention:
hhTypes of skin cancer
hhConsumer awareness
hhDehydration
•• Heat exhaustion, heat stroke
•• Water sports:
hhSwimming
safety
basics PWCs (personal watercraft)
•• Water rescue techniques
hhSkating
•• Wilderness recreation:
•• Poisonous plants and animals: dermatitis, poisonous snakes
hhWilderness supplies and precautions
hhHunting
•• Winter sports:
•• Frostbite
hhSpecific safety tips
hhRecreational vehicles: snowmobiles, ATVs (all-terrain vehicles)
•• Safety on the road:
•• Bicycle basics
hhMopeds and motorcycles: determining risks, developing skills
hhMotor vehicle safety:
hhTraffic accidents
hhThe leading cause of accidental deaths in the United States
hhSafe actions, courteous driving
hhAlcohol and traffic safety
•• Environmental safety:
•• Natural disasters:
hhBlizzards, floods
•• Earthquakes, hurricanes, ­lightning, tornadoes
•• Environmental hazards:
•• Man’s responsibility, pollution problems, radical environmentalism
hhChecks and balances, assessing risks, proper balance
hhBoating
•• Nervous system:
•• Neurology: anatomy and physiology of organs in the nervous system:
anatomy and types
•• Central nervous system, peripheral nervous system
hhLimbic
of others, protection at work
•• Recreational safeguards:
•• Sport safety:
Keeping a Sound Mind
hhNeuron
inhaled, and absorbed toxins
•• Reducing risks:
•• Self protection
•• Exercise and fitness:
•• Aerobic and anaerobic exercise
system, somatic and autonomic nervous system
•• Sensory receptors:
hhSenses
of the skin: pain, mechanoreceptors, and thermoreceptors
of smell and taste: chemoreceptors
•• Sense of sight:
•• Anatomy of the eye, vision (rod and cone cells)
hhDefective vision
•• Sense of hearing:
•• Anatomy of the ear
•• Hearing damage:
hhDecibels, sensorineural (nerve) deafness
•• Brain and the mind
hhRecognizing mental disorders:
hhKinds of mental disorders: eating, anxiety, depression
•• Good mental health:
hhManaging stress: kinds of stress, stress and body systems
•• Mental and emotional well-being:
•• Benefits of exercise, sufficient sleep, thinking right thoughts,
controlling emotions, exercising your brain
hhPracticing biblical discernment: biblical discernment and suicide
hhSenses
Administering First Aid
•• Emergency preparedness:
•• Knowing priorities:
•• Check, call, care
•• Check airway, breathing, and severe bleeding
hhVital
signs
•• Respiratory emergencies:
•• Head-tilt and chin-lift position
hhRescue
breathing
•• Choking:
hhUnconscious
victim, self, infant
hhDrowning
•• Circulatory emergencies:
Practicing Personal Safety
hhCPR
•• Household hazards:
•• Electrocution, falls, firearms
•• Fires and burns: fire and burn prevention, fire precautions
•• Poisoning:
(cardiopulmonary resuscitation) instructions
•• Severe bleeding-care instructions
hhShock-care
hhRecovery
181
instructions
position
Health cont. p. 182
Science
Grade 9
Health cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Administering First Aid cont.
•• First aid procedures:
•• Care instructions for burns:
•• First-, second-, and third-degree burns
•• Chemical burns (eye injury care)
•• Care instructions for:
hhConvulsions,
autoimmune diseases:
autoimmune diseases: Grave’s, lupus, multiple sclerosis,
psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis
hhNutritional diseases
hhPsychosomatic diseases
hhDiseases caused by harmful substances
•• Cancer:
•• Causes
hhTypes, development
•• Treatment
hhDisabilities: impaired mobility, hearing, speech, sight
•• Systemic diseases and disorders:
•• Cardiovascular diseases—leading cause of death:
hhHypertension, arteriosclerosis
•• Atherosclerosis, coronary artery disease
hhAngina
•• Heart attack, arrhythmia
hhVentricular fibrillation, congestive heart failure, stroke, aneurysm
•• Dermatopathy:
•• Acne
hhAthlete’s foot, dandruff, warts
hhEndocrinopathy: ketoacidosis, hyperglycemia, hypoglycemia
•• Gastrointestinal diseases and disorders:
•• Dental caries, periodontitis
hhGingivitis, appendicitis
hhColorectal cancer
•• Dysentery
hhFood-borne illnesses: salmonella, E. coli, and staphylococcus
poisoning; botulism
•• Peptic ulcer
hhHemopathy: anemia
hhHemophilia
hhHepatopathy: hepatitis, viral hepatitis
•• Immune-deficiency and lymphatic diseases:
•• AIDS, HIV
hhMononucleosis
hhMusculoskeletal diseases: arthritis, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid
­arthritis, bursitis, back pain
•• Nervous system diseases and disorders:
•• Concussion
hhAmnesia, coma, meningitis, encephalitis, shingles, cerebral palsy,
epilepsy
•• Pneumopathy:
•• Common cold
hhBronchitis, influenza, pneumonia, tuberculosis
hhUropathy: kidney failure, kidney stones
hhBiblical discernment and organ donation
•• Personal health care:
hhMedical examination: medical history, general health, physical exam
•• Disease prevention
hhHyperventilation
bites (rabies and tetanus)
•• Snakebites: pit vipers (hemolitic), coral snake (neurotoxin)
•• Stings and bites:
•• Insect stings, tick bites (lyme disease)
•• Strains and sprains:
•• Strain: muscle or tendon stretch or tear
•• Sprain: ligament stretch or tear
•• Wounds:
hhClosed
wound or contusion, internal bleeding, open wound
•• Incisions, abrasions
hhLacerations,
punctures
Preventing Diseases
•• Immunology:
•• White blood cells: leukocytes (phagocytes and lymphocytes)
•• Antibodies
•• Lymphatic system: tissue fluid, lymph vessels, lymph nodes
•• Other body defenses:
hhBone
marrow, brain, colon, lacrimal glands, liver, lungs
•• Mucous membranes, skin, stomach, tonsils and adenoids
•• Infectious diseases and defenses:
•• Classification of diseases:
•• Infectious diseases, noninfectious diseases
hhAcute,
chronic
•• Communicable and noncommunicable
•• Causes of infectious diseases:
•• Bacteria, viruses
hhProtozoa,
discernment and abortion
hhSelected
•• Hypothermia, nosebleeds
•• Poisoning:
•• Ingested toxins
hhAnimal
hhBiblical
hhAsthma,
fainting
and absorbed toxins
discernment and euthanesia
•• Immunological diseases:
•• Allergies
•• Dislocations, electric shock
•• Fractures: closed and open
•• Frostbite
•• Hyperthermia: heat cramps, heat exhaustion, heat stroke
hhInhaled
hhBiblical
•• Genetic and congenital diseases
•• Hormonal diseases: diabetes mellitus
fungi, parasitic worms
•• Spread of infectious diseases:
•• Airborne pathogens, contaminated surfaces, direct contact
•• Infected animals, contaminated food or water
•• Immunity against disease:
hhGaining
immunity (activated lymphocytes and antibodies)
inborn, and species immunity
•• Medical defenses: vaccines, drugs, and antibiotics
•• Noninfectious diseases and disabilities:
•• Leading causes of death (listed in a chart)
•• Degenerative diseases:
•• Osteoporosis
hhDementia, Parkinson’s disease
hhAcquired,
182
Health cont. p. 183
Science
Grades 9–10
Health cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Avoiding Drug Abuse
•• Alcohol and health:
•• Alcohol is the most widely abused drug in the world
•• Forms of alcohol
•• Immediate effects:
•• On the brain, liver, and other organs
•• Depressant
•• Drug use and medicines:
•• Drugs as medicine: drug, medicine, OTC, prescription, antibiotics
•• Pain relievers:
•• Anesthetics
•• Analgesics:
hhAlcohol
hhAspirin,
acetaminophen, ibuprofen
hhOther common medicines: antihistimines
•• Use medicines responsibly
•• Drug abuse and the body systems:
•• Effects of drug use:
hhPsychoactive drugs, physical vs. psychological dependence
•• Addiction, tolerance
•• Narcotics:
•• Opiates:
hhMorphine, codeine
•• Heroin
hhOpioids
•• Hallucinogens:
hhPsychedelic drugs, LSD, flashback, PCP, MDMA, ketamine
•• Stimulants:
•• Cocaine, crack
hhAmphetamines
•• Methamphetamine
•• Depressants:
hhBarbiturates, benzodiazepines (valium, rohypnol)
•• Marijuana and related drugs:
hhCannabinoids
•• Inhalants
hhSteroids
hhLong-term effects of drug abuse
•• Preventing drug abuse
poisoning
•• Long-term effects:
•• Alcoholism
hhDelirium
tremens
•• Liver and cardiovascular disease
•• Gastrointestinal disorders
•• Alcohol and society:
hhCrimes
•• Accidents
hhFetal
alcohol syndrome
people drink
•• Tobacco and health:
•• Tobacco as a drug: nicotine
•• Effects of smoking:
•• Heart disease, respiratory problems, emphysema, cancer risks
•• Effects on nonsmokers
•• Smokeless tobacco
hhBiblical discernment and substance abuse
hhWhy
Pursuing Right Relationships
•• Putting God first:
hhBecoming
spiritually fit: continuous workout, resting in Him
•• Maintaining spiritual fitness:
•• Essential nutrition, power through prayer
hhExercise
forgiveness
•• Thinking of others:
hhMaturing
relationships: responsible behavior, effective communication, wholesome associations
hhFamily interactions: parent-child relationships, sibling relationships
•• Close friendships: friendship qualities, influence from peers
Biology Grade 10
Biology: God’s Living Creation deals with one of the most fascinating subjects known to man. Students
begin with a combination of field, text, and lab work to take a closer look at plants. They will use the
microscope and dissections as they study the Creator’s provision for plants and animals. The anatomy
and physiology of the human body are studied using the Transvision® view of the human body, which
shows some of the body systems.
Third Edition
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Students will look deeper into the micro-cosmos as they learn some of man’s latest discoveries about
the most complicated structure in all of creation: the living cell. They will see the intricate detail that
God has built into living things and His master plan for transmitting information within an organism and
from one generation of organisms to the next. Students will also understand just how far man still has
to go to gain a complete understanding of God’s living creation.
Added Enrichment
•Feature articles with information about God’s design, provision,
and the wonders of His creation (65)
•Laboratory exercises (25)
•Application and Critical Thinking questions for every chapter
183
Evaluation
•• Reading quizzes (19)
•• Review quizzes (36)
•• Science project (counts as test grade)
•• Tests (8), 9-weeks exam (2)
•• Semester exam, final exam
Biology cont. p. 184
Science
Grade 10
Biology cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Internal structure of woody stems:
•• Bark, pith
•• Wood:
•• Heartwood, sapwood, annual rings
Botany
•• Angiosperms:
•• Introduction to biology: definition and major fields of study
•• Parts of a green plant: flowers, leaves, stems, roots
•• Nitrogen cycle
•• Families of angiosperms:
•• Composite, mint, parsley, rose, pea, lily
hhMustard,
hhTracheids
hhHerbaceous
hhAsexual
nightshade, cashew
reproduction, cutting, layering, grafting, budding, culturing
•• Special stems: bulbs, corms, rhizomes, stolons, tendrils, tubers,
•• Monocots and dicots:
•• Types of angiosperms: characteristics of monocots and dicots
•• Grasses:
•• Cereal crops
hhTurf
stems: dicots and monocots
•• Vegetative reproduction:
thorns
•• Root systems:
•• Taproots, fibrous roots
•• Structure:
•• Root hairs, root cortex
grasses, other grasses
•• Broadleaf trees:
•• Observing trees, characteristics of trees
hhEpidermis,
central vascular cylinder
•• Primary and secondary growth
hhGuide
to familiar American broadleaf trees by groups—bark,
leaves, fruits, and crown shapes are pictured and explained
•• Leaves:
hhSystems and organs in plants
•• External structure of leaves:
•• Leaf shapes
•• Parts of a leaf:
hhStipule
•• Simple and compound leaves
•• Arrangement of leaves on stems:
•• Nodes, opposite, alternate, whorled, and rosette
•• Phototropism
hhThree types of plant tissues: structural, vascular, and meristematic
•• Structure of leaves:
hhEpidermis, mesophyll
•• Veins, parts of plant cells
•• Photosynthesis:
hhThylakoids, light and dark reactions
•• Products of photosynthesis:
hhFactors that influence photosynthesis
•• Fall coloration of leaves and special leaves:
•• Leaf pigments, ­abscission layer
hhCellulase
hhWater pressure and wilting
•• Flowers, fruits, and seeds:
•• Flower parts:
•• Sepals, petals, stamen, pistil
hhComplete and incomplete flowers
hhMonoecious vs. dioecious
hhFactors affecting flowering: photoperiodism
•• Development of fruits and seeds: pollination, fertilization
•• Formation, types, and function of fruits:
hhSimple, aggregate, and multiple fruits
•• Seed dispersal
•• Structure of seeds: parts of the embryo, germination
•• Stems and roots:
•• External structure of woody stems:
•• Buds, scales, bud-scale scars, growth
hhBundle scars
•• Root’s absorption and transportation of water:
•• Diffusion, osmosis, capillarity
hhAdhesion,
cohesion, sap stream
•• Variety in the world of plants:
•• Classification:
•• Linnaeus, John Ray
•• Kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species, scientific
name
hhPhylogeny,
domains
•• Conifers and other gymnosperms:
•• Characteristics and reproduction of conifers, cycads, and ginkgo
trees
hhAlternation
of generations
•• Ferns, club mosses, and horsetails:
•• Spores
hhStructures
and life cycle of ferns
•• Club mosses, horsetails
hhLycopodium
•• Mosses and liverworts:
•• Structures of moss
hhUses,
types and life cycle of mosses
•• Liverwort characteristics
•• Algae:
•• Characteristics
•• Green algae:
hhDesmids
•• Brown algae:
hhGulfweed
•• Yellow, red, and blue-green algae
hhDinoflagellates
•• Fungi:
•• Importance
•• Club fungi:
hhRust
life cycle
•• Molds:
hhParasitic
•• Sac fungi
hhSlime
molds
molds
•• Lichens
184
Biology cont. p. 185
Science
Grade 10
Biology cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Parts of the brain:
•• Cerebrum:
•• Hemispheres
Human Anatomy & Physiology
•• Fearfully and wonderfully made:
•• Wonders of the human body: the crown of God’s creation
•• Introduction to body cavities:
hhCranial,
hhCorpus
spinal
•• Cerebellum:
•• Location
•• Thoracic, abdominal
•• Body systems: introduction to eleven systems
•• Tissues:
•• Four main types
•• Tissue fluids
hhMembranes:
•• Cells
callosum
•• Cerebral cortex, lobes, cerebral palsy
hhStructure
•• Function, purpose
•• Brain stem: medulla oblongata, pons, midbrain, reticular formation
•• Limbic system:
•• Thalamus, hypothalamus
four main types
hhMatrix
hhHippocampus,
amygdala
•• Vestigial organs: brief discussion
•• Prenatal development of the systems: brief discussion
•• The mind and the brain:
hhWhat
•• Neurological health:
•• Caring for the nervous system:
hhBehaviorism
abortion is: description of six types of abortion procedures
•• Bones and muscles:
hhDetailed discussion of axial skeleton
hhDetailed discussion of appendicular skeleton
•• Bones:
•• Classification
•• Structure:
hhDiaphysis, epiphysis, medullary cavity
hhTissues
•• Bone growth and development:
hhMaintenance
•• Nutrition
•• Exercise:
hhWolff’s law
hhConstruction
•• Fracture and repair
•• Joints:
hhSynovial fluid
•• Ligaments, types of joints, problems with joints
•• Muscles:
•• Types
hhSpecific muscles for moving different parts of the body
•• Structure of skeletal muscles:
hhFascia, tendons, fibers, and neuromuscular junction; muscle
­control
•• Muscles and exercise: hypertrophy, atrophy, red and white fibers
•• The nervous system:
•• Divisions of the nervous system:
•• Central nervous system:
hhGlial cells, gray and white matter, myelin, ganglia, plexus,
­poliomyelitis
•• Peripheral nervous system:
hhMixed nerves
•• Autonomic nervous system
hhNerves: median nerve, Schwann cells, multiple sclerosis
•• How neurons work:
hhAction potential
•• Synapse, neurotransmitter
hhInhibitors
•• Parkinson’s disease
•• Reflex action:
hhReflex arc
hhREM
sleep
•• Importance of avoiding alcohol:
hhNeuritis
•• Injuries to the nervous system:
hhSciatica
•• Stroke, concussion, amnesia, coma
•• Neurological diseases:
•• Tetanus, Alzheimer’s disease, epilepsy
•• Dementia:
hhAcute
confusion, senile dementia
•• Arteriosclerotic dementia
•• Senses:
hhSomatic
vs. special senses
•• Skin sensations
•• Chemical senses (taste and smell):
hhTaste
bud structure
odors
hhPrimary
•• Hearing:
hhMalleus,
incus, stapes
hhTinnitus
•• Vision:
•• Protection of the eye: socket, eyelid, lacrimal glands
hhEye
movement
•• Eye structure and function:
•• Sclera
•• Uvea:
hhChoroid,
••Iris, pupil
ciliary body
•• Retina:
hhFovea
hhStructure
and function of rod and cone cells; rhodopsin; color
vision, persistence of vision
hhBlind spot
hhAqueous humor, vitreous humor
•• Lens
•• Defective vision:
•• Nearsightedness, farsightedness, astigmatism, night blindness
hhPresbyopia, colorblindness
hhGlaucoma
185
Biology cont. p. 186
Science
Grade 10
Biology cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Circulation and respiration:
•• Blood: cardiovascular system, arteries, veins, capillaries
•• Composition of blood:
•• Plasma, red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets:
Human Anatomy & Physiology cont.
•• Nutrition and digestion:
•• Carbohydrates, proteins, lipids:
hhIncomplete
proteins
hhPlasma
proteins, circulatory shock
blood cell production, leukemia
hhBlood types: antigens or agglutinogens, universal donors and
­recipients, Rh factor
•• Design of the heart:
•• Structure:
hhLayers, valves, and skeleton
•• Blood flow:
•• Through the heart
hhTo the heart
hhTypes, symptoms, and treatment of heart failure
hhHeart beats, detailed structure and function of cardiac muscle,
electrical system
•• Circulation of blood:
•• Arteries, veins, and capillaries:
hhStructure of blood vessels
hhDetails of systemic circulation
•• Pulmonary circulation
hhPortal and renal circulations
•• Atherosclerosis
•• Blood pressure and pulse
•• Cardiovascular health: leading cause of death, treatment
•• Anatomy and function of respiratory system:
hhTypes of respiration: external, internal, and cellular
•• Organs of respiration:
hhNasal meatuses
•• Throat structures
•• Trachea, bronchi
•• Lungs:
••Bronchitis, pneumonia, bronchial asthma
••Pleural membrane:
hhPleurisy
•• Diaphragm
•• The breathing process:
hhRole of intercostal muscles
hhControl by the medulla oblongata
•• Lung capacity:
••Vital capacity
hhTidal volume
•• Respiratory diseases:
•• Common cold, influenza, tuberculosis, emphysema, lung cancer
hhCystic fibrosis
•• Vitamins, minerals and water: importance, function, results of defi-
hhRed
ciencies:
hhCoenzymes
hhScurvy, pellagra, pernicious anemia, xerophthalmia
hhIntracellular vs. extracellular fluid
hhEdema
•• Nutritional and caloric intake:
•• Breads and grains, vegetables, fruits, milk, meats and beans
•• Limiting fats, sugars and salts
•• Calories, metabolism
hhObesity
•• Beginning of the digestive system:
•• Alimentary canal, digestion, enzymes, glands
•• Oral cavity:
hhPalate, bolus, papillae
hhWisdom tooth, impacted, mastication
•• Esophagus: peristalsis, epiglottis
•• Stomach and intestines:
•• Stomach structure and function:
hhHunger contractions
•• Gastric juice, hydrochloric acid, chyme
hhIntrinsic factor
hhCardiac and pyloric sphincter
•• The liver and pancreas in digestion:
•• Bile, gallbladder
hhBile salts, emulsification, common bile duct
•• Pancreatic juice
hhSodium bicarbonate production by the pancreas
•• Small intestine:
•• Primary organ of digestion and absorption
•• Divisions of the small intestine
•• Villi
hhMicrovilli, lacteal
•• Insulin, glucagon
hhUrea
•• Colon: function and structures
•• Gastrointestinal disorders:
•• Food poisoning
hhDyspepsia
•• Ulcers, ­effects of alcohol
hhConstipation, diarrhea
•• Dysentery, colon cancer
186
Biology cont. p. 187
Science
Grade 10
Biology cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• How infectious diseases are spread:
Human Anatomy & Physiology cont.
hhDroplet
•• Integumentary, excretory, and endocrine systems:
infection, carrier
•• Vector, venereal diseases
hhIntroduction:
body’s design for maintaining homeostasis
•• Integumentary system:
•• Purpose
•• Structure:
hhPsoriasis, keratin in skin, skin pigments
•• Tanning, sunburn
hhHair structure
•• Sebaceous glands
hhDetails of sweat glands
•• Excretory system:
•• Kidneys:
hhFunction, regulation, structures, failure, dialysis
•• Endocrine system:
hhEndocrine vs. exocrine glands
•• Hormones:
hhHormone receptors
•• Pituitary gland:
•• Hypothalmus, somatotropin
hhDisorders: pituitary gigantism, pituitary dwarfism, acromegaly
hhGonadotropins
•• Thyroid and parathyroid glands:
•• Thyroxine
•• Thyroid disorders:
hhCretinism, hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism
••Simple goiter
•• Pancreas (endocrine function): islets of Langerhans, insulin,
­glucagon, diabetes mellitus
•• Adrenal glands: epinephrine, steroid hormones, cortisol,
aldosterone
•• Gonads:
•• Hormones
hhGametes
•• Adolescence, secondary sex characteristics
•• Pineal gland: melatonin
•• Disease and the body’s immune system:
•• Introduction: disease, microbes, pathogen, infectious and noninfectious, acute, chronic
•• Noninfectious diseases: degenerative, immunological, hormonal,
congenital and genetic, nutritional, harmful substances, cancer
•• Infectious diseases:
•• Communicable and noncommunicable
•• Bacteria:
•• Structure:
hhPlasmids
hhTypes, variations and shapes, reproduction
hhDisease:
hhGerm concept of disease, Koch’s postulates
hhPathogenic activity
•• Viruses:
•• Introduction
hhReplication, types, diseases
•• Protozoa, fungi, parasites
hhIncubation
•• Preventing the spread of disease: epidemic, vaccination
•• Immune system:
•• Overview, white blood cells
hhHistamine,
•• Antibodies
hhTable
interferon
of white blood cell types
•• Lymphatic system:
•• Lymph, vessels, ducts, nodes
hhStructure
and function of lymph nodes
•• Other organs
•• Special defenses, immunity, immune deficiencies:
•• Skin barrier, mucous membranes, lysozymes, fever,
microorganisms of digestion
•• Acquired immunity, innate immunity:
hhSerum
•• Immune deficiency diseases (HIV, AIDS)
•• Medical defenses against disease:
hhImmune
therapy
•• Chemotherapy, antibiotics
•• Prevention: nutrition, rest, exercise
Life Sciences: Methodology & Philosophy
•• Natural history and scientific investigation:
•• Natural history through the ages:
•• Bible beginnings, Hebrews
•• Greeks:
hhAnaximander,
•• Romans:
hhPliny,
Plato, Aristotle
Galen
•• Ancient science vs. the Bible
•• Middle Ages:
hhNestorians
•• Modern science: Protestant Reformation, advances in biological
­sciences, microscopy, cell theory
•• Biology and scientific investigation:
•• Scripture and scientific investigation, scientific method
•• Repudiation of spontaneous generation, law of biogenesis
hhLimitations
187
of science—scientism
Biology cont. p. 188
Science
Grade 10
Biology cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Zoology
Life Sciences: Methodology & Philosophy cont.
•• Evolution—a retreat from science:
•• Science and faith: great founders of science believed in God and
•• Mammals:
•• Characteristics of animals, vertebrates, and mammals:
•• Mobility, diversity, symmetry
creation
•• Rejecting the truth:
•• Darwin and Lyell, natural selection
hhEffects
of naturalism
•• Paleontology:
•• Evidence against evolution, speciation, macroevolution, fossils
•• Transitional forms and lack thereof
•• Punctuated equilibrium hypothesis
•• Geologic column, Cambrian explosion
hhCoelacanth,
Archaeopteryx, horse series
mammals
hhExtinct
birds
•• Avian anatomy and physiology:
•• Feathers, skeletal and muscular systems
respiratory system
•• Homology
•• Molecular biology: design and complexity
•• Genetics: limited variety, mutations
•• Natural selection and genetic variety:
hhNervous
system: brain, senses
•• Food and digestion:
hhIntestine,
cloaca, bursa of Fabricus
system
•• Circulatory system:
hhNucleated red blood cells
hhDetails of respiratory system
•• Family life of birds:
•• Migration, courtship
hhMating and fertilization
•• Egg, nesting, incubation
hhCare of young
•• Reptiles and amphibians:
•• Reptiles:
•• Cold-blooded, similar traits
•• Lizards: habitat, sizes, poisonous lizards, colorful, detached tails
and other defenses, and eating habits
•• Snakes:
•• Sizes, methods of locomotion, scaly skin
•• Sense organs:
hhScale-covered eyes, hearing (quadrate bone)
••Smell: Jacobson’s organ
•• Design for feeding, groups of snakes, venom, snakebite treatment
•• Turtles:
•• Reptiles with shells
•• Characteristics:
hhTympanic and nictating membranes
•• Groups
•• Crocodilians
•• Tuataras: parietal eye
•• Dinosaurs and similar creatures: extinct reptiles, types and characteristics
hhPeppered
moth
•• Pesticide-resistant insects, antibiotic-resistant bacteria
hhBacterial proliferation
•• Embryonic recapitulation
hhWhy evolution cannot be properly called a science
hhThreat of evolution to modern science
hhExcretory
Ecology
•• Introduction of basic terms: ecology, habitat, biotic and abiotic
factors
•• Levels of ecology: biosphere, biomes, ecosystems, community,
­population, organism
•• Influences in the ecosystem: biodiversity, carrying capacity, types
of abiotic and biotic factors
•• Nutritional relationships in an ecosystem:
•• Producers and consumers, trophic level, food chain, food web,
niches
flow, pyramid diagrams
•• Special nutritional relationships:
•• Symbiosis, predation, competition
hhAmensalism
•• Neutralism
hhHerbivory
•• Nutrient cycles:
•• Hydrologic, atmospheric, sedimentary cycles
hhCarbon-oxygen,
hhExtinct
less
•• Biological evidence against evolution:
•• Impossible transitional forms:
hhEnergy
of mammal reproduction
•• Birds:
•• Feathered vertebrates:
•• Characteristics for flight
•• Backyard and roadside birds
•• Groups of birds:
•• Perching, birds of prey, swimming and wading, game, tropical, flight-
•• Hominid fossils, Neanderthal, Cro-Magnon
hhAvian
hhDetails
•• 18 mammal orders: discussed with representative animals
phosphorous cycles
•• Major biomes:
•• Tundra, northern coniferous forest, temperate deciduous forest
•• Grassland, desert, tropical rain forest
•• Aquatic biomes:
•• Freshwater
•• Marine:
hhEstuary
•• Ecological succession and man’s role:
hhPrimary
succession, secondary succession
•• Dominion and stewardship
188
Biology cont. p. 189
Science
Grade 10
Biology cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Flatworms and roundworms:
•• Platyhelminths:
Zoology cont.
•• Amphibians:
•• Vertebrates with a double life:
•• Characteristics:
hhThree-chambered
•• Frogs and toads:
hhAnatomy
hhFilaria,
heart
hookworm, trichina, ascaris
•• Protozoa:
•• Flagellates:
•• Euglena:
hhColoring
••Toxic skin secretions
hhExternal
of planarians, flukes, and tapeworms
•• Nematodes:
hhPellicle,
fertilization
binary fission
•• Trypanosome
••Development and metamorphosis
•• Sarcodines:
•• Amoeba
hhAnatomy:
head, oral cavity, body systems
•• Salamanders:
••Reproduction and metamorphosis:
hhSpermatophore, paedomorphosis
••Sizes; notable salamanders
•• Caecilians
•• Fish:
•• Bony fish:
•• Abundance and importance
hhDetailed study of anatomy and physiology
•• Cartilaginous fish: sharks, rays, and chimaeras; lampreys, hagfish
•• Arthropods:
•• Common characteristics, classes
•• Insects:
•• Life cycle of insects
hhGrasshopper anatomy and physiology
•• Orders of insects and their economic significance: 8 of the more
than 25 orders are taught
•• Insects and man
•• Arachnids:
•• Spiders:
•• External anatomy
hhInternal anatomy, reproduction
•• Harvestmen, scorpions, mites, and ticks
•• Centipedes and millipedes
•• Crustaceans:
hhAnatomy and life cycle of crayfish
•• Other crustaceans
hhExtinct arthropods
•• Other invertebrates:
•• Mollusks:
•• General characteristics
•• Bivalves, gastropods, cephalopods
•• Enchinoderms:
•• Starfish anatomy
hhRotifers: parthenogenic
•• Coelenterates and porifera:
•• Coelenterates: hollow-intestined invertebrates, polyp, medusa,
hydra, jellyfish, sea anemones, corals
•• Porifera (sponges):
hhAnatomy and physiology
•• Annelids:
•• Earthworms:
•• Characteristics and anatomy and physiology
hhSea worms
•• Leeches
hhForaminifera,
radiolarla
•• Ciliates: paramecia, other ciliates
•• Sporozoans
Cellular & Molecular Biology
•• Cytology—design and function of cells:
•• Variety and complexity of cells:
•• Discovery of cells
hhVariety
in cells, complexity of cells
•• Design of cells:
hhDetails
of cell structure and organelles
and work of cells:
hhMaintaining life, photosynthesis and cellular respiration
hhActive transport, cell movement, cilia and flagella
hhCell cycle and mitosis, chromatin, cell death
•• Heredity: continuity of life:
•• God’s provision for the continuity of life:
•• Heredity, genes
hhDifferentiation, sexual reproduction, meiosis
hhClassical genetics:
hhMendel’s experiments, law of dominance, genotype and phenotype
hhPunnett squares, hybrids and hybridization, law of segregation
hhCodominance, law of independent assortment, linkage
hhPunnett square for dihybrid cross, Sutton’s hypothesis
hhMorgan’s research, sex chromosomes, sex-linked traits
hhHuman genetics:
hhDominant gene inheritance, codominance
hhMultiple allele inheritance
hhPleiotropy and polygenic inheritance
hhSex-linked disorders, genetic advances, eugenics
•• DNA—regulation of life:
•• DNA:
•• Deoxyribonucleic acid
hhWatson and Crick, chromosomes, storage
hhStructure of RNA and DNA, bases, base pairing
•• Activities of DNA:
hh“Central dogma of molecular biology,” DNA replication
hhRNA and transcription, constructing proteins, translation
•• Mutations
hhLife
189
Science
Grade 11
Chemistry Grade 11
Chemistry: Precision and Design explores the many branches of chemistry to discover the ingenious
structure and orderly function of God’s creation. The Christian perspective of this text rejects evolution
and recognizes special creation as the reasonable explanation for the origin and design of the universe.
Although chemistry has been less permeated by evolutionary doctrine than biology or geology, one’s view
of origins does affect how he approaches the science of chemistry and how he applies chemical principles
to societal issues.
Chemistry: Precision and Design recognizes God’s command for man to have dominion over the creation,
and its goal is to teach how man might extend his “dominion” and make wiser use of the physical
creation. This text presents chemistry as a foundational science and includes chapters on nuclear and
organic chemistry. It seeks not only to give students a solid basis in chemical principles, but also to help
students understand the practical application of these principles.
Added Enrichment
•• Feature boxes include:
•• Additional information on topics of interest
•• Chemistry in everyday objects
•• Highlights of God’s design in the chemistry of His creation
•• Innovations in chemistry
•• Chemical explanations of environmental issues
•• Laboratory exercises (27)
Evaluation
•• Reading quizzes (19)
•• Review quizzes (27)
•• Science project (counts as test grade)
•• Tests (8), 9-weeks exam (2)
•• Semester exam, final exam
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Chemistry: An Introduction
Stoichiometry
•• Branches of ­chemistry, importance of chemistry
•• Purpose of science, scientific method
•• Measurement and mathematics in chemistry:
•• Precision and accuracy, uncertainty
•• F.P.S. and SI units
•• Prefixes, measuring length, volume, mass, density, temperature,
•• Formulas and names: types of chemical formulas, naming binary
molecular compounds
•• Naming ionic compounds: memorizing names of ions, determining
empirical formulas
•• The mole:
•• Molecular masses
and other quantities
hhAvogadro’s
number, mole, molar mass
formulas from percent composition
•• Balancing chemical equations:
•• Equations, reactants, products, law of conservation of mass
hhSteps for balancing equations
•• Classification of chemical reactions:
•• Combination (synthesis), decomposition, single displacement (substitution), and double displacement reactions
hhQuantitative relationships from the balanced equation:
hhMole relationships
hhLimiting reactant, mass relationships in chemical reactions
•• Unit conversion
•• Scientific notation:
hhEmpirical
hhCalculations
•• Significant figures in measurement and calculation
hhProblem-solving
strategies
Matter
•• States of matter, melting and boiling points
•• Classification:
•• Atoms, molecules
•• Elements, compounds, pure substances, mixtures:
hhRelative
abundance of elements
Gases
•• Homogeneous and heterogeneous matter
•• John Dalton and atomic theory:
hhLaws
•• Kinetic-molecular theory:
derived from atomic theory
hhFive
assumptions of kinetic-molecular theory
gas
•• Gas pressure:
•• Pressure, barometer
hhManometers
•• The gas laws:
•• Boyle’s law, Charles’s law, combined gas law
hhSTP, Gay-Lussac’s law
hhAvogadro’s law, molar volume, ideal gas law
•• Properties and changes of matter:
•• Properties of matter
•• Physical and chemical changes
hhSeparation
hhIdeal
of mixtures
•• Subatomic particles:
hhDiscovery
of the electron, proton, and neutron
•• Atomic number, mass number, isotopes, and ions
•• Atomic mass:
•• Atomic mass units
hhMass
spectrometer, mass spectrum
atomic mass, weighted averages
hhCalculating
190
Chemistry cont. p. 191
Science
Grade 11
Chemistry cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Classification of the elements:
•• Group, period
•• Nonmetals, metals, ­semimetals, main-group element, transition and
Gases cont.
•• Diffusion, partial pressures, and stoichiometry:
•• Diffusion
inner transition metal
hhRates
of diffusion, Graham’s law, partial pressure
hhDalton’s law of partial pressures, stoichiometry and gases
•• Brief description of several groups (alkali metals, etc.)
hhPeriodicity
of chemical properties: periodic properties of elements in
the alkali and alkaline earth metals, combining capacity
hhElectron configurations and the periodic table: correlations between
the two
hhPeriodic properties of the elements: atomic size, ionic size, ionization
energy, metallic character, electron affinity, electronegativity
Chemical Thermodynamics
•• Energy:
•• Kinetic and potential energy
•• System, surroundings
hhInternal
energy
The Chemical Bond & Intermolecular Forces
•• First law of thermodynamics:
•• Types of chemical bonds:
•• Octet rule, explanation of ionic bonding, ionic crystalline solids
•• Explanation of covalent bonding, nonbonding and bonding
hhMathematical
statement
•• Heat in chemical reactions:
hhEnthalpy
•• Endothermic and exothermic reactions
•• Calorimetry:
hhHeat of reaction, thermochemical equation
hhStandard state, enthalpy of formation, mass-heat calculations
•• Heat and changes of state:
•• Heat of fusion, heat of vaporization
•• Entropy:
•• Second law of thermodynamics, spontaneity
hhGibbs free energy
­electrons
•• Single, double, and triple bonds
•• Covalent networks, metallic bonds
•• Polar and nonpolar covalent bonds, dipole
•• Shapes and properties of molecules:
•• Lewis structures, delocalized e
­ lectrons
hhResonance
hhMolecular
molecules
•• Intermolecular forces: dipole-dipole, London forces, hydrogen bonds
•• Crystals: amorphous and crystalline solids:
Light, Electrons, & Atomic Structure
hhTypes
•• Nature of light:
•• Properties of waves: crest, trough, wavelength, amplitude,
hhHydrogen:
most abundant element in universe, properties,
­ reparation, reactions, and uses
p
hhOxygen: occurrence, properties, preparation, reactions, and uses,
hydrogen peroxide, free radicals
hhNitrogen: occurrence, properties, preparation, reactions, and uses
hhPhosphorus: occurrence, properties, preparation, reactions, and uses
hhSulfur: occurrence, properties, preparation, reactions, and uses
•• Halogens:
hhOccurrence, properties, preparation, reactions, and uses of stable
halogens
•• Noble gases:
hhOccurrence, properties, compounds, and uses
Selected Metals & Semimetals
•• Metallurgy:
•• Ore
hhProcessing
hhMendeleev’s
table
hhOccurrence,
properties, preparation, and uses; alkali metal compounds
hhOccurrence,
properties, preparation, and uses
•• Alkaline earth metals:
•• Iron:
•• Occurrence
•• Historical development of the periodic table:
•• Periodic law
ore
•• Alkali metals:
Periodic Table
triads, N
­ ewland’s octaves
of unit cells, close packing
Selected Nonmetals & Their Compounds
frequency, speed
•• Classical theories of light, electromagnetic wave, speed of light,
electromagnetic spectrum, quantum theory of light
•• Photon, wave-particle duality
hhPhoton energy-frequency relationship
•• Electrons and the structure of the atom:
•• Spectrometer
hhLine spectra, continuous spectra, hydrogen spectrum
hhIntroductory quantitative treatment of Bohr model, details of
energy levels, ground state, excited state, quantized, matter waves
hhSchrödinger’s equation
•• Uncertainty principle
hhDetailed description of electron-cloud model
•• Electron configuration and quantum numbers:
•• Probability contours, orbital shapes
hhElectron configuration
•• Four quantum numbers, Pauli exclusion principle
hhAufbau principle, Hund’s rule
•• Valence electrons
hhLewis structures of atoms
hhDöbereiner’s
structures
shapes: VSEPR, effect of shape on polar and nonpolar
hhProperties,
production, steel refining, annealing, hardening, and
tempering
•• Copper:
hhOccurrence, properties, preparation, and uses
191
Chemistry cont. p. 192
Science
Grade 11
Chemistry cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Selected Metals & Semimetals cont.
Chemical Equilibrium
•• Precious Metals:
hhOccurrence,
metals
•• Reversible reactions:
•• Chemical equilibrium
properties, preparation, and uses of selected precious
hhEquilibrium
•• Aluminum:
hhOccurrence,
properties, chemistry of preparation, and uses;
thermite process
hhOther metals: lead, titanium, and uranium
hhImportant semimetals and their compounds:
•• Silicon and germanium:
hhOccurrence, properties, preparation, and uses
•• Semiconducting properties
hhSilicates, glass, silicones
hhBoron
hhConcentration
changes, pressure changes, temperature changes,
effects of a catalyst
hhEquilibrium constants, solubility product constants
Acids, Bases, & Salts
•• Nature of acids and bases:
•• Characteristics of acids and bases
hhArrhenius
concept, Brønsted-Lowry concept
acids and bases, naming acids and bases
hhPolyprotic acids, acidic and basic anhydrides
hhStrengths of acids and bases: strong and weak acids and bases
•• Acids in chemical reactions:
hhNet ionic equations
•• Reactions with bases—neutralization, salts
hhReactions with carbonates, bicarbonates, and metals; activity series
hhEquivalents and normality: equivalent mass of acids and bases, normality
•• pH:
hhIonization of water
hhCalculating pH, pOH scale, pH measurement
•• Acid-base indicators
hhAcid-base titrations: titration, equivalence point, end point
hhHydrolysis and buffers: principles of hydrolysis, characteristics of buffers
hhConjugate
Solutions & Colloids
•• Introduction to solutions:
•• Solution, solvent, solute
hhMiscible
and immiscible
solvated, ionization
•• Factors affecting solution rates
hhSolubility rules
•• Behavior of solutions:
hhCrystallization, dynamic equilibrium
•• Solubility
hhSaturated, unsaturated, supersaturated
•• Effect of temperature
hhEffect of pressure on solubility; enthalpy of solution
hhMeasuring solution concentration:
hhGeneric concentration expression
hhMolarity, dilution, molality
•• Colligative properties:
•• Vapor pressure:
hhEffects of solute
•• Vapor pressure and changes of state
hhQuantitative treatment of boiling point elevation and freezing
point depression
hhElectrolytes and colligative properties
hhOsmotic pressure
•• Colloids:
•• Tyndall effect, Brownian motion
hhTypes of colloids
•• Soaps and detergents
hhHydrated,
Oxidation-Reduction Reactions & Electrochemistry
•• Redox reactions:
hhOxidizing
and reducing agents
numbers
hhBalancing redox reactions
hhStrength of oxidizing and reducing agents
•• Electrochemical reactions:
•• Electric current, electrolyte, anode, cathode
•• Electrolysis:
•• Molten sodium chloride
hhWater, aqueous salt solution
•• Electroplating
•• Voltaic cells:
hhConstruction, activity series, salt bridge
hhElectrode potentials, standard electrode potential
•• Sign conventions of anodes and cathodes
hhOxidation
Chemical Kinetics
hhIntroduction
to chemical kinetics: reaction rate, collision theory
•• Concentration, temperature, and reaction rate:
hhQuantitative
concentrations
•• Le Chatelier’s Principle:
Nuclear Chemistry
treatment
•• Activation energy
•• Radioactivity:
hhTransition
states and energy changes:
hhTransition-state theory, activated complex
hhPotential energy in endothermic and exothermic reactions
•• Effects of a catalyst:
•• Alternate pathway with lower activation energy
hhEnergy changes in catalyzed reactions, types of catalysts
•• Enzymes:
hhInhibitors
hhReaction mechanisms: elemantary reactions, chain mechanisms,
rate laws
hhChanges
in the nucleus—discovery
hhNuclides
•• Radiation, radioactivity, types of radioactivity
•• Nuclear stability:
hhDensity
of the nucleus
•• Strong nuclear force
•• Radioactive decay
hhNuclear
mass defect, nuclear binding energy, electron volt, binding
energy per nucleon
192
Chemistry cont. p. 193
Science
Grade 11
Chemistry cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Nuclear Chemistry cont.
Organic Chemistry
•• Nuclear reactions:
•• Introduction to organic chemistry: carbon bonding, isomer, s­ tructural
formula, functional group
hhDetails
of alpha, beta, and gamma decay; positron emission;
neutron radiation
hhPenetration ability
•• Half-life
hhActivity, units of measurement
hhRadioactive decay series, bombardment reactions
hhParticle accelerators, transuranium elements
•• Effects of radiation on matter:
hhIonizing radiation, effects on living tissue
hhDetecting radiation, measuring radiation
•• Health effects, sources of exposure
•• Nuclear fission and fusion:
hhDiscovery
hhDetails of chain reaction
•• Critical mass
hhAtomic bomb
•• Nuclear reactor:
hhEnrichment
•• Safety
•• Waste, breeder reactor
hhChemistry of nuclear fusion, proposed confinement methods
•• Hydrocarbons:
hhDetailed
overview of alkanes, alkenes, alkynes, aromatic hydrocarbons: structure, nomenclature, and reactions
hhSaturated and unsaturated, alkyl groups, benzene
hhSources of hydrocarbons
•• Substituted hydrocarbons:
•• Alcohols, carboxylic acids, esters:
hhNomenclature, reactions
hhAldehydes and ketones, amines, amides
•• Other substituted hydrocarbons:
•• Haloalkanes
hhEpoxides, thiols
•• Polymer chemistry:
•• Monomer, polymerization
hhPolymers by chemical structure:
hhPolyethylene, vinyls, polyesters, ­polyamides (nylon), polycarbonate, silicones
•• Biological polymers:
•• Protein, cellulose, chitin, and DNA
•• Biochemistry:
•• Proteins and amino acids, peptide bonds
•• Carbohydrates, sugars, mono-, di-, and polysaccharides
hhPentose hexose, chain and ring forms
•• Fats, lipids, fatty acids, oils:
•• Saturated and unsaturated
hhSaponification
•• Phospholipids, steroids, cholesterol:
hhChemical structure
•• Nucleic acids: DNA, RNA
193
Science
Grade 12
Physics Grade 12
Physics: The Foundational Science describes the laws that govern the interactions between matter and energy. Clear
and thorough explanations penetrate the most perplexing questions. Whenever possible, the principles of physics
are illustrated by everyday experience and practical devices. Numerous illustrative problems are solved in detail.
12
This course will play an important role in showing students the harmony between scientific knowledge and Christian
belief. The premise of the book is that we live in a God-created world governed by laws discoverable by reverent
scientific inquiry. Issues of vital importance to Christians are handled in depth.
´:x>!|¨
00000000
Physics: The Foundational Science adopts the traditional procedure of starting with solids, liquids, and gases—
tangible things familiar to students. By putting the study of matter first, this course offers a smooth transition
between chemistry and physics. An extended treatment of mechanics follows so that the student will be well
prepared for further study in physics and engineering. While taking a traditional approach, this text more than
adequately covers the most recent developments in physics for a broad range of topics: from particle physics to
electronics and from lasers to relativity. The emphasis throughout is upon solid advances in knowledge rather than
upon theoretical speculation.


Added Enrichment
Evaluation
•• Feature boxes include:
•• Information on physics in action in the everyday world (10)
•• Articles highlighting Christian physicists and their contributions (6)
•• Information about related physics topics (3)
•• Key symbols and abbreviations at the beginning of each chapter
•• Key equations listed at the end of each chapter
•• Laboratory exercises (20)
•• Reading quizzes (23)
•• Review quizzes (42)
•• Science project includes background paper, investiga-
tion plan, experimentation, follow-up paper, and oral
presentation (counts as 2 quiz grades and 2 test grades)
•• Tests (8), 9-weeks exam (2)
•• Semester exam, final exam
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Pure substances and mixtures:
•• Molecule, elemental molecule, compound, mixtures
•• Homogeneous, heterogeneous, solid, liquid, gas, plasma
•• Composition of matter:
•• Atom, nucleus, proton, atomic number, neutron, mass number
•• Isotope, atomic mass, atomic mass units
•• Electron, ion, anion, cation, element, periods, groups
•• Valence electrons
•• Elementary particles:
•• Einstein’s equation, photons, mass gain, nuclear mass defect
•• Subatomic particles
Introduction to Physics
•• Nature of science:
•• Branches of science, man’s dominion, God’s revelation
hhClassical
and modern physics
•• The Scientific Method: cogitation, observation, experimentation,
scientific method, hypothesis, data
•• Measurement:
•• Units of measurement:
hhFundamental
and derived quantities
•• Systems of units:
•• FPS, MKS
hhElementary
hhCGS
•• Quarks
•• Standards of measurement:
•• Length, mass, time
hhNeed
hhHadrons,
particles
mesons, baryons, gluon
hhLeptons
for consistent ­standards
•• Neutrino, positron, gamma radiation
•• Scientific notation
•• Measurement calculations: metric-metric conversions, calculations
hhPair
production
•• Particle reactions:
with physical qualities, dimensional analysis
•• Significant digits:
•• Determining, calculation rules, accuracy and precision
hhTolerance, error of measurement, systematic and random errors
•• Mathematical techniques:
•• Fractions, literal equations, proportions
hhSteps in working physics problems
hhAntiparticles,
antimatter, annihilation, electron capture
•• Heavy atoms
•• Radioactive decay, half-life
hhReaction
implications
Liquid State
•• Characteristics of a liquid:
•• Surface tension
•• Adhesion, cohesion
•• Capillarity:
Matter
•• Nature of matter:
•• Characteristics:
•• Inertia
•• Mass, weight, density, specific gravity
hhCapillary
194
tubes, meniscus
Physics cont. p. 195
Science
Grade 12
Physics cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Liquid State cont.
hhHorizontal
motion: final velocity, average velocity, displacement,
common equations
•• Vertical motion:
hhFree-fall acceleration, effect of air resistance, terminal velocity
•• Hydrostatics:
•• Law of liquid pressure:
•• Force, pressure
hhDefined,
equation, Pascal’s vases, water head, lateral force
principle: transmission of liquid pressure, hydraulic device
hhArchimedes’ principle: derivation, buoyant force
hhHydrodynamics:
hhPrinciple of viscosity: poise
hhPrinciple of continuity:
hhIdeal liquids
hhCavitation, laminar flow, eddy currents, volume flow rate
hhBernoulli’s principle: velocity and pressure, lateral pressure
Vectors & Projectile Motion
hhPascal’s
•• Introduction to vectors:
•• Vector properties
hhParallel,
antiparallel, collinear, perpendicular
vector diagram, concurrent vectors
•• Resultant
•• Vector composition of collinear vectors
•• Vector composition of perpendicular vectors:
hhParallelogram method
•• Pythagorean method:
•• Magnitude
hhDirection
hhVector composition of skewed vectors:
hhParallelogram method: law of cosines, law of sines
hhVector resolution
hhVector composition revisited: component method
•• Projectile motion:
hhProjectile motion and gravity, rate of fall, final velocity, trajectory
hhEffect of air resistance, critical velocity
•• Escape velocity
hhSkewed,
Gaseous State
•• Air pressure:
•• Gases in the air, vacuum, atmospheric pressure
hhGases
compared to liquids:
principle, Bernoulli’s principle, airfoil
•• Barometers:
hhHorror vacui, Pascal’s discovery
•• Standard atmospheric pressure
hhGauge and absolute pressure
•• Aneroid barometer
•• Gas laws:
•• Boyle’s law, inverse proportion, Charles’s law
•• Absolute zero, absolute temperature, direct proportion
•• Combined gas law, Avogadro’s law, mole, Avogadro’s number
•• Universal gas constant, ideal gas law
hhPneumatic devices: entrained, water and exhaust pumps, compressors, siphon
hhArchimedes’
Forces in Nature
•• Newton’s three laws of motion:
•• Newton’s first law:
•• Inertia, force
hhFriction
•• Alternative formulations
Solid State
•• Newton’s second law: determinants of force, units of force, mean-
•• Characteristics of solids:
•• Elasticity, plasticity
ing of mass, mass vs. weight
•• Newton’s third law: action-reaction
hhRigidity,
resilience, elastic limit
working, forging, rolling, malleability, drawing, ductility
hhModuli of deformation:
hhHooke’s law: tensile force, restorative force
hhForces of deformation: stress, strain
hhTensile stress:
hhTension, Young’s modulus, proportional limit, elastic limit
hhUltimate tensile strength, breaking point, brittle, compression
hhShear stress and volume stress
•• Friction—the cause, kinetic and static friction
hhMechanical
hhLaws
hhReducing
Introduction to Motion
hhKinematics:
of kinetic ­friction, normal force:
•• Coefficients of friction: coefficients of kinetic and static friction
translational, rectilinear, and curvilinear motion
•• Speed and velocity:
•• Rates of motion:
•• Velocity
hhConstant
velocity, uniform, variable velocity, sign convention
equations: change in position over time, graph of displacement vs. time, instantaneous velocity
•• Acceleration:
hhTypes of acceleration: average, uniform, variable
•• Acceleration equations:
hhGraph of velocity vs. time, instantaneous acceleration, deceleration
hhVelocity
195
friction: minimizing roughness, lubricating, rollers and
bearings
•• Four fundamental forces: strong, electromagnetic, weak, and gravitational forces
•• Gravity and gravitation—geocentric, heliocentric:
•• Laws of planetary motion:
•• Empirical, law of orbits
hhMathematical description of law of areas
•• Aphelion, perihelion
hhQuantitative treatment of law of periods
•• Universal gravitation:
hhKinematics, dynamics
•• Universal law of gravitation, Cavendish’s measurement of G
hhEarth’s gravitational field:
hhFactors affecting g, static equilibrium, center of gravity
hhStable, unstable, and neutral equilibrium, instability
hhDetermining the CG, multiple suspensions, center of mass
hhGravitational field, gravitational field strength
Physics cont. p. 196
Science
Grade 12
Physics cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Concurrent Forces
Rotary Motion: Angular, Circular, & Rotary Motion
hhForce
hhAngular
velocity and angular acceleration:
length, rim speed, radians
hhRotary motion:
hhAngular displacement, angular velocity, and angular acceleration
hhBasic equations for rotary motion, linear motion and angular motion
hhRadian measure for circular motion
hhRotational inertia: experimental study of, equation for, I for various
bodies
hhTorque:
hhLaw of torque: radius of a force
hhWork, power, kinetic energy, and momentum:
hhTotal kinetic energy of moving body
hhConservation of energy in rotary motion
hhConservation of angular momentum
hhFlywheels
hhAngular momentum as a vector:
hhRight-hand rule
hhGyroscope
hhParallel forces:
hhEffects of parallel forces on rotating body
hhEffects of static equilibrium: translational equilibrium, rotational
equilibrium
as a vector:
hhFree-body diagram, principle of transmissibility, tension
hhCenter of gravity, friction, translational equilibrium, equilibrant
hhForce problems:
hhFriction, level surfaces, angled forces, inclined plane
hhLoad-bearing structures
hhArc
Circular & Periodic Motion
hhUniform
circular motion:
acceleration: rate of, centripetal force, centrifugal
force, roadway and railway curves
hhPeriodic motion:
hhMotion of a spring:
hhSpring constant, equilibrium, oscillatory motion
hhPeriod, amplitude, frequency, simple harmonic motion
hhMotion of a pendulum: laws of a pendulum, physical pendulum
hhResonance: natural frequency, resonance
hhCentripetal
Work & Machines
•• Work:
•• Scientific definition, work and force, basic work equation
•• Units of work, scalar quantity
hhApplied
at an angle
applied forces
hhNegative work, net work, work and potential energy
•• Power: watt, horsepower, defining work in terms of power
hhSimple machines:
•• Lever:
hhLaw of levers, fulcrum, load
•• Input force, output force, input distance, output distance
•• Input lever arm, output lever arm, input work, output work
•• Mechanical advantage, classes of levers
•• Inclined plane, wedge, and screw; pulley: block and tackle; wheel
and axle
•• Efficiency
Heat
hhConcurrent
•• Thermometry:
•• Thermal equilibrium
•• Constructing a temperature scale:
•• Fahrenheit, Celsius, and Kelvin scales
hhTriple
point, absolute scale
•• Converting among temperature scales
hhThermal
expansion:
of heating a solid: linear, area, and volume expansion
hhLiquid expansion
•• Heat exchange:
hhCaloric theory
•• Units of heat
•• Law of heat exchange:
•• Heat capacity
•• Specific heat
•• Phase changes: melting, freezing, exothermic, heat of vaporization,
condensation, calorimeter, calorimetry
•• Heat transfer:
hhHeat conduction, thermal conductor, thermal conductivity
hhThermal insulator, heat flow
•• Conduction, convection, radiation
hhEffects
Energy & Momentum
•• Energy:
•• Kinetic energy:
hhKinetic
energy equation, work and kinetic energy, relative contributions of mass and velocity
•• Potential energy:
hhGravitational, elastic force
hhConservative forces: nonconservative force, dissipative force
•• Conservation of energy:
hhMechanical energy
hhLaw of conservation of mechanical energy
•• Law of conservation of energy
•• Momentum:
hhOriginal formulation of Newton’s second law:
hhTwo useful interpretations
•• Law of conservation of momentum
hhColliding objects:
hhElastic and inelastic collisions, elastic one-dimensional collisions
hhCompletely inelastic one-dimensional collisions
hhImpulse
Laws of Thermodynamics
•• First Law of Thermodynamics:
•• Internal energy:
•• System, surroundings
hhClosed
system, open system, isolated system
internal energy, thermal energy
•• Mechanical equivalent of heat
•• Thermodynamics
hhInternal energy equation
hhQualitative explanation of adiabatic processes, isothermal
hhEquilibrium,
196
Physics cont. p. 197
Science
Grade 12
Physics cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Pitch:
Laws of Thermodynamics cont.
hhSonic
•• Ideal gas law:
hhReversible
and irreversible processes
hhCavitation
•• Second Law of Thermodynamics:
•• Entropy:
hhQuantitative
hhEar’s
definition
•• Early light theories:
hhOther
formulations of the second law
hhCause of ordered complexity
hhEvolution and the second law of thermodynamics: evolution’s
­challenge to science
hhZeroth and Third Laws of Thermodynamics: thermal equilibrium
hhAncient
contributions, camera obscura, rectilinear propagation
•• Huygens’ theory
•• Newton’s theory:
hhCorpuscles
hhYoung’s
demonstration, Herschel’s discovery
•• Infrared rays
•• Maxwell’s theory, electromagnetic waves, photons, wave-particle
Waves
•• Transverse waves:
•• Wave pulse, crest, trough
duality
•• Electromagnetic spectrum:
•• Nature of an electromagnetic wave: range of wavelengths, elec-
medium
•• Energy transport
•• Wave properties:
hhSimple
nonlinear response to frequency
Nature of Light
•• Tendency to minimum energy and maximum entropy
hhElastic
spectrum, mean free path, audio spectrum
•• Infrasonic and ultrasonic waves
tromagnetic spectrum, Planck’s constant
•• Regions within the electromagnetic spectrum: visible light, infra-
red, ultraviolet
harmonic motion, sinusoidal, periodic
•• Color:
•• Spectrum of visible light:
•• ROY G. BV
•• Frequency, period, speed, wavelength, amplitude
hhWave
classification:
two-, and three-dimensional waves
hhInterface, wavefront, ray; straight, spherical, and plane waves
•• Longitudinal waves:
•• Compression pulse, rarefaction pulse, longitudinal waves
hhSinusoidal character of longitudinal waves
•• Water waves, sound waves
•• Boundary effects:
•• Reflection:
•• Angle of incidence, angle of reflection, law of reflection, reflection of sound, sonar
•• Refraction: of sound waves
•• Diffraction: of sound waves
•• Superposition:
hhComposite wave trains
•• Constructive and destructive interference
hhStanding wave train, standing wave:
hhNode, antinode, loop, envelope of oscillation
hhOne-,
hhSolar
spectrum
•• Monochromatic, composite light
•• Light mixing:
•• Additive mixing, primary colors
hhSecondary
and complementary colors
•• Objects’ colors:
•• Surface color
hhTransparent,
translucent, opaque, color filters, hue, pure color,
brightness
•• Pigment mixing:
•• Subtractive mixing, subtractive primaries
hhSubtractive secondaries
Reflection of Light
•• Laws of reflection:
hhAbsorbed,
scattered, transmitted, reflected, reflectance, specular
and diffuse reflection
•• First law of reflection
hhSecond law of reflection
hhMirror images:
hhPlane mirrors: virtual and real images, right-angled mirror, double
mirror
hhConcave mirrors:
hhSpherical mirrors, concave, convex
hhVertex, center of curvature, principal axis
hhSecondary axis, radius of curvature, aperture, point source
hhFocal point, focal length, focal plane, ray diagram
hh Principal rays: central, parallel, and focal rays; real and virtual image
hhConvex mirrors: spherical aberration
hhParabolic mirrors
hhMirror equation:
hhEstablishing the mirror equation: geometric relationships,
­important sign conventions
hhLateral magnification: comparing heights, important references
Sound
•• Nature of sound:
hhGraphical
representation of sound waves:
and pressure wave trains
•• Speed of sound:
hhHardness
•• Density, temperature, effect of air temperature
•• Doppler effect:
hhGeneral Doppler equation
•• Sonic booms, supersonic speed, shock wave
•• Characteristics of sound:
•• Intensity:
hhThreshold of hearing, quantitative treatment, amplifying
•• Loudness:
hhNonlinear receiver, relative intensity, quantitative treatment
•• Decibel
hhDisplacement
197
Physics cont. p. 198
Science
Grade 12
Physics cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Transfer of charge: conduction, induction, grounded, electroscope
•• Coulomb’s law:
•• Law of electric force, coulomb
Refraction of Light
•• Laws of refraction:
hhOptical
density
•• Refraction
hhMicrocoulombs,
hhRefractive
hhComparing
index, refractometer
hhFirst law of refraction: angle of incidence, angle of refraction
hhSecond law of refraction: principle of reversibility
•• Refraction effects: mirage
hhTotal internal reflection: critical angle
•• Lenses:
•• Convex and concave lenses
hhPlanar lenses, sign convention, focal length of lens
hhConverging lenses:
hhPrincipal axis, principal focal point, optical center, focal length
hhSecondary focal point, converging images, ray diagrams
hhOptical plane; parallel, central, and focal rays
hhDiverging lenses
hhLensmaker equation
hhThin lens equation:
hhLateral magnification: lens combinations, corrective lenses
hhMyopia, hyperopia, power of a lens
•• Electric fields:
hhElectric
permittivity
gravitation and electric force, charge conservation
field strength: first formulation, second formulation
•• Electric field maps:
•• Lines of force
•• Uniform field
hhElectric
potential:
potential energy vs. electric potential
hhPotential difference
hhPotential gradient: GPE, EPE
hhDistribution of free electrons: corona discharge, equipotential
­surface, equipotential lines
hhElectric
Magnetism
•• Magnetic materials:
•• Dipolarity: magnetite, lodestone, north pole, south pole, dipolar,
monopoles, law of magnetic poles
•• Making magnets:
•• Magnetization, contact, induction, demagnetization, keeper,
Wave Optics
•• Interference:
temporary vs. permanent magnets
alnico
•• Coulomb’s law of magnetic force
•• Magnetic fields:
•• Mapping a magnetic field, lines of flux
hhMagnetic induction
•• Permeability
•• Magnetic moment:
•• Spin magnet, orbital magnets, domain theory
hhSaturation
•• Diamagnetic, paramagnetic, ferromagnetic
•• Electromagnets:
hhConventional current
•• Oersted’s discovery
hhAmpere’s right-hand rule
•• Solenoid
hhMagnetic force: two loops or two solenoids, two parallel conductors, ampere, coulomb, force of a straight conductor
hhDefining magnetic induction:
hhDirection of magnetic force: three-finger rules
hhForce on a moving charge
hhMagnetic flux: flux density
hhIn
phase, out of phase, antinode, node
hhNewton’s rings: fringes, cause of, optically flat
•• Interference fringes in soap film:
hhMonochromatic and color fringes
•• Iridescence
•• Diffraction:
•• Obstacle diffraction: umbra, penumbra
•• Single-slit diffraction: diffraction fringes, antinode, node, fringe
formation
hhMultiple-slit diffraction: double slits, coherent light, triple slits,
zeroth-order maximum, first-order maximum, second-order
maximum
•• Diffraction gratings:
hhDiffraction angle, grating constant, reflection grating, transmission grating, phase gratings
•• Dispersion:
•• Dispersion of white light:
•• By a prism
hhBy diffracting grating
hhChromatic aberration
•• Rainbows:
•• Formation, primary bow, secondary bow
hhSupernumerary bows, miniature bows, lunar bow
•• Polarization: unpolarized, polarized, by selective absorption, by
reflection
hhScattering, structural colors
hhPermalloy,
Current Generation
•• Electromagnetic induction:
•• Current in a moving conducting loop:
Electrostatics
hhRight-handed
•• Charge:
•• Static electricity: discharge, law of electric charges, neutralized
•• Charge carriers:
•• Anion, cation
•• Current in gases, liquids, and solids
•• Conductors, delocalized electrons, insulators, semiconductors
three-finger rule, magnetic flux
•• Electromagnetic induction
hhDifferent
motions in a magnetic field
•• Galvanometer
•• Discovery of electromagnetic induction:
hhLaw
hhLenz’s
198
of induction
law: direction of current
Physics cont. p. 199
Science
Grade 12
Physics cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•Effective values of current and voltage: house current, in phase
•• Capacitor:
Current Generation cont.
•• Electric generators:
•• Simple AC generators: armature, slip rings, brushes, alternating
hhCalculating
capacitance: farad, dielectric, dielectric constant,
­ ermittivity of free space, dielectric strength
p
hhCapacitor combinations: parallel and series capacitors
hhInductance: single loop, self-induced emf, coil, self-inductance,
­inductor, mutual inductance
hhInductor combinations: series and parallel inductors, series-aiding
and series-opposing combinations
•• Transformers:
hhTransformer equation
•• Step-up and step-down transformers
hhEfficiency
current, AC frequency
•• Simple DC generators: direct current, commutator
hhComplex generators: rotor, stator, prime mover, three-phase current
•• Motors:
hhMotor effect: electric motor, torque, torque arm, two-pole motor
hhEnergy losses: hysteresis, eddy currents
•• Electrochemical cells:
•• Current production: electrodes, electrolyte, salt bridge, load,
anode, cathode, electromotive force
•• Batteries: cells in series and in parallel
•• Thermoelectricity:
hhSeebeck effect: thermocouple, Seebeck voltage and effect
hhPeltier effect
•• Piezoelectricity:
hhPiezoelectric effect and devices
Advanced Physics Concepts
•• Quantum theory:
•• Blackbody radiation:
•• Incandescence
hhRadiancy
hhStefan-Boltzmann
Electric Circuits
•• Resistance:
•• Defining resistance
•• Photons:
•Photoelectric effect:
hhPhotoelectrons, work function
hhSaturation potential, stopping potential
hhThreshold frequency, Eistein’s hypothesis, Compton effect
•• Matter waves:
hhMomentum of light
•• De Broglie’s equation, matter waves
hhWave-particle duality, complementarity
•• Quantum numbers:
•• Pauli exclusion principle, orbital
•• Principal, subshell, magnetic, and spin quantum numbers
hhAngular momentum
•• Spectral lines:
•• Line emission spectra:
•• Line absorption spectrum, emission spectra and classical
theory, quantized, ground and excited states
hhQuantitative relationships between wavelength, energy, and
quantum numbers
•• Wave mechanics:
hhWave mechanical model, wave function
•• Uncertainty principle:
hhMathematical formulation, philosophical ­implications
hhResistance
in a conductor
nonohmic, resistivity
•• Rheostat
hhNichrome
•• Insulators, semiconductor, conductor, superconductivity
•• Ohm’s Law:
•• Elements of a circuit: current source, conventional current
•• Circuits with a single resistance: Ohm’s law
•• IR drop: voltage, energy transactions
hhQuantitative treatment of equivalent resistance:
hhSeries and parallel resistors
hhRules for resistances in series
hhEquivalent parallel resistance, rules for resistance in parallel
•• Complex circuits:
•• Networks
•• Circuit resistance and current:
•• Open circuit
hhOpen-circuit voltage
•• Closed circuit
hhClosed-circuit voltage
•• Short circuit
hhMeasuring electricity: multimeter, galvanometer, ammeter,
voltmeter, ohmmeter
hhKirchhoff’s Laws: first law, junctions, principle of charge conservation,
second law
hhOhmic,
Relativity
•• Speed of light:
hhGalileo’s,
Rømer’s, and Michelson’s methods; ether, interfe­
rometer
•• Theories of relativity:
hhPhysical absolutes, relativism:
•• Special relativity:
•• Five applications, rest mass, time dilation, length contraction
hhQuantitative aspects
•• General relativity: its effects, conclusion
Electrical Devices
•• Electrical work:
•• Work and heat:
hhCalculation
of joule heat
•• Work and power:
hhThree
law, Wien’s law
•• Quanta: Planck, quantum theory
equations for electric power
•• Energy consumption
199
Bible
Grade 7
Exodus— First Semester Grade 7
Bible 7 consists of two semester courses: Exodus and the Life of Christ.
Journey to SINAI
Life
of
Moses
Flash-a-Card
SERIES 2
Journey to SINAI
Life
Journey
WILDERNESS
of
Moses
Flash-a-Card
SERIES 2
7 Lessons—28 Cards
Life
1 Marah: God Heals the Bitter Waters
2 God Gives Meat and Manna
3 Rephidim: God Gives Water
from the Rock
4 God Saves the People from Amalek
5 Sinai: God Speaks to the People
6 The Golden Calf
7 The Ten
Commandments
Flash-a-Card
through the
of
Moses
SERIES 3
´krR''¨
Lesson Guide Included
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

TABERNACLE
7 Lessons—28 Cards
Exodus is designed to give students a basic overview of the way God
miraculously delivered His people out of captivity and led them into the
­Promised Land.
When we understand many of the Israelites’ struggles and how God’s
people often turned away from His leading, it shows us how God will
deal with us if we stray from trusting in His perfect plan. By studying
Exodus, students will clearly see God’s patience and mercy as He deals
with His people.
Evaluation
•• Verses:
•• Verse quizzes (11)
•• 9-weeks verses exam (1)
•• Final verses exam (1)
•• Content:
•• Quiz on the books of the Bible (1)
•• 9-weeks content exam (1)
•• Final content exam (1)
Flash-a-Card®
1 Marah: God Heals the Bitter Waters
2 God Gives Meat and Manna
3 Rephidim: God Gives Water
from the Rock
4 God Saves the People from Amalek
5 Sinai: God Speaks to the People
6 The Golden Calf
7 The Ten Commandments
´krR''¨
Lesson Guide Included
75825007
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7 Lessons—35 Cards
1 Journey to Kadesh-Barnea
2 The Twelve Spies
3 The Rebellion of Korah
4 Moses Strikes the Rock
5 The Serpent of Brass
6 Balaam, the False Prophet
7 Moses Sees the Promised
Land
´ks>&P¨
Lesson Guide Included
75833006
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3 Lessons—9 Cards
1 The Outer Court
2 The Holy Place
3 The Holy of Holies
Lesson Guide Included
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14281015
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Lessons Music 142 A Beka Flash-a-Cards
•• Abraham through Joseph (14 lessons)
•• Moses in Egypt (17)
•• Journey to Sinai (15)
•• Journey through the Wilderness (18)
•• Tabernacle (6)
37 songs
•• Hymns of the faith, choruses, holiday songs
Memory Work
•• Passages (11 containing 34 verses) and the books of the Bible
Prayer Time
•• Learn to pray for each other, our nation, those in authority over us
Life of Christ— Second Semester Grade 7
First
Christmas

Life of Christ • Series 1

Flash-a-Card
This second-semester course focuses on the many narratives in
the Gospels and covers Christ’s life from His birth through His
ascension. The example that Christ set for believers, both then
and now, helps us pattern our lives after our Savior. Christ’s
teaching and miracles show us what He valued and help us understand His earthly ministry in a more complete way.
®
5 Lessons • 27 Cards
1 Promise of the Savior
2 Birth of Jesus
3 Angels Bring the News to
the Sheperds
4 Wise Men Worship the King
5 Flight into Egypt
Lesson Guides Included
Jesus
Boyhood & Early
Ministry of
Life of Christ • Series 2
Flash-a-Card
´k? '`¨
75310007 • 37 Cards
8 Lessons
abeka.com
1 The Boy Jesus
2 Baptism of Jesus
3 Temptation of Jesus
4 First Disciples
5 Calling the Fishermen and
Matthew
6 First Miracle
7 Through a Roof and Beside
a Pool
8 Cleansing the Temple and
Visit of Nicodemus
Lesson Guide Included
Later
Ministry of
Baptism
of Jesus
Life of Christ • Series 4
Multitude
Jesus

Flash-a-Card

®
Evaluation
•• Verses:
•• Verse quizzes (13)
•• 9-weeks verses exam (1)
•• Final verses exam (1)
•• Content:
•• 9-weeks content exam (1)
•• Tests (4)
•• Final content exam (1)
´[email protected]%3¨
of Fishes
75329005
Jesus Goes to the Temple
abeka.com
7 Lessons • 37 Cards
1 Jesus Stills the Storm
2 Transfiguration
3 Jesus and the Lepers
4 Lazarus and the Rich Man
5 Rich Young Ruler
6 Zacchaeus
7 Friends at Bethany
Lesson Guides Included
Jesus Stills the Storm
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75345001
Zacchaeus
Lessons abeka.com
Music 178 A Beka Flash-a-Cards
•• First Christmas (8 lessons)
•• Boyhood & Early Ministry of Jesus (17)
•• Jesus Heals & Helps (13)
•• Later Ministry of Jesus (12)
•• Crucifixion and Resurrection (17)
40 songs
•• Hymns of the faith, holiday songs, choruses
Memory Work
•• Passages (13 containing 35 verses)
Prayer Time
200
•• Learn to pray for each other, our nation, those in authority over us
Bible
Grade 8
Book of Acts — First Semester Grade 8
Bible 8 consists of two parts: Book of Acts and Joshua and Judges.
This first-semester course is designed to give students a basic overview
of the life of Peter and Paul, the beginning of the church, and the spread
of the gospel to the Gentiles and eventually to the world through Paul’s
missionary travels.
Series 1



Series 2
Flash-a-Card
Saul Meets Jesus on the Road to Damascus
The Philippian Jailer Is Saved
Lesson Guide Included
Escape from Damascus
Flash-a-Card
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King Agrippa—Almost Persuaded
75841006
abeka.com
•• Verses:
•• Verse quizzes (14)
•• 9-weeks verses exam (1)
•• Final verses exam (1)
•• Content:
•• 9-weeks content exam (1)
•• Final content exam (1)
9 Lessons • 36 Cards
1 The Macedonian Vision
2 The Philippian Jailer
3 Thessalonica, Berea, and
Mars’ Hill
4 Uproar at Ephesus
5 Paul Arrested in Jerusalem
6 Before Governors and Kings
7 Shipwreck!
8 Rome, at Last!
9 Paul’s Letters from Prison
5 Lessons • 25 Cards
1 God Gives Power to Witness
2 The Stoning of Stephen
3 Saul Meets His Master
4 God Gives Saul a Friend
5 Paul’s First Missionary
Journey
Saul Teaches in Antioch
Through the Book of Acts, students may see the power of God at work in
His willing servants. His servant Paul is a real person—a person with feelings just like anyone else. Yet Paul’s reactions to the trials of life and his
indomitable faith in the power of Christ separated him from the nominal
Christian life. His life serves as an example for all believers to follow.

Evaluation
Lesson Guide Included
´kvp'"¨
Voyage to Rome
75868007
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Lessons Music 129 A Beka Flash-a-Cards
•• John the Baptist/Peter (19 lessons)
•• Crucifixion and Resurrection (16)
•• Life of Paul Series 1 (14)
•• Life of Paul Series 2 (21)
44 songs
•• Hymns of the faith, choruses, holiday songs
Memory Work
•• Passages (14 containing 48 verses)
Prayer Time
•• Learn to pray for each other, our nation, those in authority over us
Joshua & Judges— Second Semester Grade 8
Joshua


Flash-a-Card
Joshua Leads God’s People

ESTHER S A M U E L

7 Lessons • 35 Cards
1 Joshua: God’s Chosen Leader
2 Rahab and the Scarlet Cord
3 The Fall of Jericho
4 Achan’s Sin
5 The Gibeonites
6 The Sun Stands Still
7 Joshua’s Last Days
Lesson Guide Included
Rahab’s Family Is Saved
Flash-a-Card
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®
Ezra &

Life of
God Sends Hail
Flash-a-Card

The second-semester course, Joshua and Judges, focuses
on the nation of Israel after their triumphant exodus from
Egypt. The exciting, dramatic account of the conquering of the Promised Land will remind the student of the
power of God and the provision for His people. This
course begins with the anointing of Joshua and ends with
the rule of Israel’s judges.


Nehemiah
Flash-a-Card
Evaluation
•• Verses:
•• Verse quizzes (14)
•• 9-weeks verses exam (1)
•• Final verses exam (1)
•• Content:
•• 9-weeks content exam (1)
•• Final content exam (1)
God Speaks to Samuel
4 Lessons • 21 Cards
5 Lessons—24 Cards
1 Esther Becomes Queen
2 Haman Conspires
against the Jews
3 Esther Petitions the King
4 Haman Hangs on His
Gallows
5 Victory for the Jewish
People
Lesson Guide Included
1 The Boy Samuel
2 The Philistines Capture
the Ark
3 Samuel Anoints Saul King
4 Samuel Rebukes King Saul
Lesson Guide Included
´.1\/t¨
Samuel Goes to the Tabernacle
Saul Anointed King
14176015
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14117014
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7 Lessons—31 Cards
1 Temple’s Foundation Laid
2 Temple Completed
3 Ezra the Priest
4 Nehemiah the Cupbearer
5 Enemies Without and
Within
6 Wall Completed
7 Wall Dedicated
Lesson Guide Included
´.2H0>¨
14184016
abeka.com
Lessons Memory Work
154 A Beka Flash-a-Cards
•• Joshua (16 lessons)
•• Judges (19)
•• Ruth (5)
•• Life of Samuel (9)
•• Esther (8)
•• Ezra and Nehemiah (15)
Music •• Passages (14 containing 44 total verses)
Sword Drill 85 verses
•• Old and New Testament
Prayer Time
•• Learn to pray for each other, our nation, those in authority over us
40 songs
•• Hymns of the faith, holiday, choruses
201
Bible
Grade 9
Kings of Israel Grade 9
Evaluation
Kings of Israel charts the course of Israel’s history. First semester covers the lives of Saul,
David, and Solomon—the kings of the United Kingdom of Israel—up to the division of
the kingdom between Israel and Judah. Second semester covers the kings of Israel and
Judah, the Assyrian and Babylonian captivities, and the return of the Jewish people to
Jerusalem.
Information is given in an easy-to-follow outline format. Numerous applications are given
for nearly every outline to help students understand how these portions of Scripture
relate to the temptations and problems they face every day.
•• Verses:
•• Verse quizzes (28)
•• 9-weeks verses exams (2)
•• Semester verses exam (1)
•• Final verses exam (1)
•• Content:
•• Quizzes (10)
•• Quizzes on the books of the Bible (2)
•• 9-weeks exams (2)
•• Semester exam (1)
•• Final exam (1)
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Lessons •• Elijah:
•• Elijah proclaims drought
•• Mount Carmel contest with Ahab and false prophets
•• Discouraged by Jezebel’s letter
137
•• Samuel: God directs Samuel to choose a king for Israel
•• Saul:
•• Saul is chosen to be king
•• Saul disobeys God
•• David:
•• Chosen to be king
•• His faith in God when fighting Goliath
•• Flees from Saul
•• Davidic kingdom established
•• Sin committed with Bathsheba and repentance
•• Importance of proper friendships: David and Jonathan
•• Absalom’s rebellion and defeat
•• Sin and consequences in taking census
•• Character of David
hhJehoshaphat
•• Elisha: his calling and miracles
hhCountdown
to captivity
prayer and test
hhIsaiah: prophet of God
hhJosiah: last good king
hhLast kings of Judah witness destruction of Jerusalem
•• Daniel:
•• Nebuchadnezzar’s dream of world empires
•• Nebuchadnezzar exalted and humbled
•• Darius sees handwriting on wall
•• Esther boldly stands before the king
•• Ezra: children of Israel return to rebuild the Temple
•• Nehemiah shows leadership skills in building wall and working with
people
hhHezekiah:
hhPsalms:
hhDecision
hhPraising
and Ahab demonstrate need for Christian separation
•• Elijah enters Heaven
and destiny
the Lord
•• Solomon:
•• Asks for God’s wisdom
•• Monarchy of Israel with Solomon as king
Music hhChristian
and civil authority
hhBuilding and dedication of the Temple
hhSunset of Israel’s Golden Age
hhProverbs: selected topics such as truths about your heart,
­communicating with others, work, honesty, correction, money, and
relationships
hhThe Divided Kingdom: contrasts in North and South
91 songs
•• Choruses, hymns of the faith, holiday songs
Memory Work
•• Passages (28 containing 97 verses)
•• Books of the Bible
Prayer Time
•• Learn to pray for each other, our nation, those in authority over us
202
Bible
Grade 10
Bible Doctrines Grade 10
Evaluation
Christians need to know what they believe and why they believe it so they can be built
up in their faith and equipped to present their beliefs intelligently and effectively to
others. Bible Doctrines for Today is written as a practical, personal study designed to
reach both the head and the heart of the student. It covers all major doctrines: the
Bible, God, Christ, the Holy Spirit, man, salvation, the Church, angels, and end times.
Important terms and definitions of these doctrines will be explained, illustrated, and
applied to the student’s life. Many memory verses are correlated with the text to confirm the doctrinal truths being presented.
•• Verses:
•• Verse quizzes (28)
•• 9-weeks verses exams (2)
•• Semester verses exam (1)
•• Final verses exam (1)
•• Content:
•• Quiz on the books of the Bible (1)
•• Quizzes (8)
•• 9-weeks exams (2)
•• Semester exam (1)
•• Final content exam (1)
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Lessons hhEschatology—doctrine
of last things:
rapture of the church
hhJudgment Seat of Christ for the saved
hhTribulation on earth
hhChrist’s second coming to earth and millennial reign
hhGreat White Throne Judgment for the lost
hhPersonal eschatology
hhReality of heaven and hell
137
hhThe
hhVarious
biblical doctrines such as: Bibliology (18 lessons), Theology
(16), Christology (12), Pneumatology (6), Anthropology (9), Soteriology (11), Ecclesiology (8), Angelology (9), and Eschatology (18)
hhBibliology—doctrine of the Bible:
hhRevelation and inspiration of the Scriptures
hhAuthenticity, credibility, and canonicity of the Scriptures
hhTheology—doctrine of God:
hhArguments for His existence
hhAttributes, sovereignty, nature, and names of God
hhHis work of Creation and providence
hhChristology—doctrine of Christ:
hhNames and nature of Jesus Christ
hhSignificance of Christ’s supernatural life
•• Humiliation, crucifixion, resurrection, and exaltation of Jesus
Christ
hhPneumatology—doctrine of the Holy Spirit:
hhHoly Spirit’s past and present work
hhGifts and graces of the Holy Spirit
hhBlasphemy against the Holy Spirit
hhAnthropology—doctrine of man:
•• Origin of man and sin on earth
hhSeriousness of sin
hhSoteriology—doctrine of salvation:
hhNecessity of and faith for salvation
hhJustification, sanctification, and adoption
hhBlessings and assurance of salvation
hhEcclesiology—doctrine of the church:
hhOrganization, ordinance, and mission of the church
hhAngelology—doctrine of angels:
hhNames and titles of specific angels
hhSatan: his present and future position
Music 90 songs
•• Hymns of the faith, gospel songs, choruses, holiday songs
Memory Work
•• Passages (32 containing 94 verses)
•• Salvation (5)
•• The authenticity of the Scriptures (6)
•• The Man of sorrows (6)
•• Being wise (3)
•• Being of one mind (4)
•• Preeminence of Christ (4)
•• The Everlasting and All-Knowing God (10)
•• Praises to God (3)
•• Serving with gladness (5)
•• Books of the Bible
Prayer Time
•• Learn to pray for each other, our nation, those in authority over us
203
Bible
Grade 11
Jesus & His Followers— First Semester Grade 11
Jesus and His Followers traces the life of Christ from His arrival as a Babe in Bethlehem,
through His death on the cross at Calvary, to His ascension into heaven. This practical, personal study of the gospels is designed to reach both the head and the heart of the student.
Through the teachings of Jesus and the example He set for His followers, the student learns
how to live a more abundant and fruitful Christian life. Practical applications and thoughtprovoking questions encourages the student to examine his walk with Christ and apply
God’s Word to his life. Memory passages have been selected to correlate with the topics
discussed to help the student become grounded in the Scriptures.
Evaluation
•• Verses:
•• Verse quizzes (16)
•• 9-weeks verses exam (1)
•• Final verses exam (1)
•• Content:
•• Unit quizzes (8)
•• 9-weeks content exam (1)
•• Final content exam (1)
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Lessons •• Christ encounters the hypocritical Pharisees:
•• Mount of Transfiguration
72
hhThe
Bible—God communicates with us:
our English Bible came to us
hhThe English Bible in the 20th Century
hhFour portraits of Christ in the Gospels
•• Jesus’ birth and preparation for ministry:
•• The first Christmas
•• In the Temple at age twelve
•• Jesus is baptized
•• The trinity of God
•• The purpose of water baptism
•• Salvation is a prerequisite
•• Jesus is tempted
•• The background of the tempter
hhThe essence of temptation
•• Jesus’ early ministry:
•• Miracle at the wedding in Cana
hhWhat Scripture says about alcohol
hhDrugs—a blessing or a curse?
•• Jesus cleanses the Temple
•• The Spirit of God dwelling in the believer
hhNew birth and the new nature
•• Samaritan woman at the well
•• His popular ministry in Galilee:
•• Jesus heals and forgives sin
hhCauses of sickness
•• Ten lepers and Jairus’s daughter
hhPromises for answered prayer
•• Feeding the multitude
•• Jesus walks on water and offers living Bread
•• Jesus meets with opposition
hhJesus meets demonic activity
•• The Master Teacher:
•• Jesus teaches through parables
•• Jesus calls the disciples and chooses apostles
•• Jesus teaches His followers to pay taxes
•• Jesus reveals what hell is like
hhVarious Encounters: The Sabbath encounter
hhHow
hhTwo
ways to increase faith
•• Encounters with a young ruler and Zacchaeus
•• Widow’s Son and Lazarus
•• The Passion Week:
•• Triumphal entry
•• Passover supper and Garden of Gethsemane
•• Paul instructs the church about the Lord’s table
•• Jesus speaks to the eleven
hhThe
vine and the branches
inevitably awaits His followers
hhJesus’ prayer for His disciples
•• Jesus’ trial and crucifixion
•• Resurrection: Post-resurrection appearances
•• Ascension
hhSermon on the Mount
hhThe Beatitudes produce “overflowing joy”
hhDisciples called to be “salt” and “light”
hhGuidelines for giving and praying
hhThe Lord’s Prayer—an outline for prayer
hhGuidelines to combat materialism
hhPractical points to avoid pitfalls
hhPersecution
Music 51 songs
•• Hymns, gospel songs, holiday songs
Memory Work
•• Passages (16 containing 48 verses)
Prayer Time
•• Learn to pray for others, missions, our nation, those in authority over
us. Include praise and thanksgiving to God.
204
Bible
Grade 11
Life Management— Second Semester Grade 11
11–12
Evaluation
Life Management
Life
a underement
God
under
Getting Along with Parents • Drug Abuse
God
Job Success • Managing Money
Alcohol and Tobacco • Gambling
Dating • Preparing for Marriage
Abortion • First Aid
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Living with Your Marriage Partner
Divorce from a Biblical Perspective
The successful Christian life is a life under biblical management. Life Management
under God is an application of biblical principles in practical areas of life. Each lesson
provides a marvelous opportunity to apply God’s truth to everyday problems and
situations. Great effort has been taken to also include critical topics from a scriptural
point of view. This study can help each student obtain success by instructing him on
how to apply the Word of God, life’s greatest certainty, to his own life.
Fornication and Adultery
Social Networking
´17{!A¨
17239101
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Third Edition
Lessons •• Verses:
•• Verse quizzes (17)
•• 9-weeks verses exam (1)
•• Final verses exam (1)
•• Content:
•• Unit quizzes (7)
•• 9-weeks content exam (1)
•• Final content exam (1)
hhTaking
responsibility:
management for efficient living
hhManaging your money
hhResponsibilities of citizenship
hhPreparing for marriage from a biblical perspective:
hhFalling in love
hhLiving with your marriage partner
hhLooking at the issue of divorce
hhFornication and adultery
hhSexually transmitted diseases
hhIssues that affect your life:
hhCreation versus evolution, abortion
hhGambling, social networking
70
hhTime
hhHow
to relate to others:
hhBeing a friend
hhRelationships with the opposite sex
hhGetting along with your family
hhLearning to forgive
hhLiving courteously
hhYour safety and well-being:
hhFirst aid
•• Alcohol and tobacco
•• Illegal drugs
hhDeveloping balanced living habits:
hhNutrition for optimum living
hhExercise for vibrant living
hhDealing with stress and fatigue
hhPromoting spiritual health
hhJob success:
hhPart-time work and your life’s work
hhHow to get a job
hhHow to get along with your boss and relate to your fellow workers
Music 44 songs
•• Songs, holiday songs
Memory Work
•• Passages (29 containing 72 verses)
Prayer Time
•• Learn to pray for each other, our nation, those in authority over us
205
Bible
Grade 12
Genesis— First Semester Grade 12
Evaluation
Genesis—First Things introduces the student to the fascinating record of God’s Creation
and the beginning of Israel, His chosen nation. Relevant topics such as marriage, government, and the sanctity of life are addressed from a Christian perspective through the
stories of Genesis. This course imparts practical application and proposes many thoughtprovoking questions that encourage a student to think biblically and develop a Christian
world-view. Memory passages have been selected to correlate with the topics discussed
and help the student become grounded in the Word of God.
´1OB!-¨
17473401
•• Verses:
•• Verse quizzes (14)
•• 9-weeks verses exam (1)
•• Final verses exam (1)
•• Content:
•• Content quizzes (6)
•• 9-weeks content exam (1)
•• Final content exam (1)
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Lessons Music 69
40 songs
•• Hymns of the faith, holiday songs
hhAbout
Genesis:
hhThe inspiration of the sacred Scriptures
hhThe Bible and scientific discoveries
•• Creation and the nature of man:
•• Man is the crown jewel of creation
hhMan’s practice of paganism
•• Man’s dominion of the earth
•• Beginning of marriage and family:
•• Perfect marriage
•• Adam’s Fall
•• Cain, Abel, and Seth
hhEarth’s great catastrophe and its effect on man:
•• Noah prepares the ark
hhAfter the Flood:
hhAtmospheric changes
hhCivil government mandate
•• Nations begin to form:
•• Tower of Babel
hhOrigin of nations
•• Beginning of Israel: journeys of Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and Joseph
Memory Work
•• Passages (14 containing 47 verses)
Prayer Time
•• Learn to pray for each other, our nation, those in authority over us
206
Bible
Grade 12
Book of the Revelation— Second Semester Grade 12
Using the seven churches of Asia Minor as an outline of church history, Book of the Revelation chronicles the life of the church from the apostolic church of the first century to the
Laodicean church of the twentieth century. The text focuses particularly on godly men and
women who allowed themselves to be used by God. This gives students a greater appreciation for their Christian heritage and provides them with good role models such as John
Wycliffe, George Whitefield, David Livingstone, Fanny Crosby, and Billy Sunday. Book of the
Revelation continues with a look at the future events revealed to John on the isle of Patmos.
The prophecies of Revelation are clearly explained to help students develop a greater desire
for the Lord’s return and to encourage them to watch and be ready.
Evaluation
•• Verses:
•• Verse quizzes (13)
•• 9-weeks verses exam (1)
•• Final verses exam (1)
•• Content:
•• Content quizzes (15)
•• Test (1)
•• Final content exam (1)
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Lessons hhThings
to come:
of the Church:
hhWhy we believe the Rapture occurs before the Tribulation
hhThrone of God and Six Seal Judgments:
hhThe First Parenthesis: 144,000 Jewish Evangelists
hhSeventh Seal is opened:
hhSix Trumpet Judgments
hhThe Second Parenthesis:
hhMighty angel
hhBitter-sweet book
hhMeasuring rod
hhTwo faithful witnesses
hhThird Parenthesis:
hhAntichrist and False Prophets:
hhGreat Dragon persecutes Israel
hhWinepress of God’s Wrath
hh7th Trumpet:
hhSeven last plagues
hhThe Great Day of the Lord’s Wrath
hhBabylon and its fall
hhSecond Coming of Christ: to judge and make war
hhChrist’s Millennial Reign and Satan’s Doom:
hhResurrection of the saved and the lost
hhGreat White Throne Judgment
hhThe New Jerusalem
69
hhRapture
hhChurch
history:
hhEphesus: seven periods of church history
hhSmyrna: some famous martyrs
hhPergamos:
hhEmperor Constantine
hhArian and Augustine and the Pelagian controversies
hhDoctrine of Balaam weakens the believers
hhDoctrine of the Nicolaitans gets a stronghold
hhThe spread of the Gospel to Africa and Ireland
hhThyatira:
hhRise of the Papacy
hhDoctrines of men
hhLong line of popes
hhReactions and divisions:
hhMohammed and Islam
hhEastern Catholics break with the Roman Church
hhSardis:
hhThe English Reformation
hhState churches and denominations
hhSeparatists and pilgrims
hhPhiladelphia:
hhPietists and Moravians
hhGreat Awakening circuit riding preachers and camp meetings
hhAmerica’s Second Great Awakening
hhVictorian Era
hhHeroes of the faith in the 1800s
hhSatan’s response to the Philadelphia Church:
hhThe rise of false philosophies and cults
hhHow we should respond when encountering a cult
hhLaodicea:
hhRevival fires in the first half of the 20th Century: Satan countermoves with Neo-orthodoxy
hhThe Laodicean Church in the last half of the 20th Century:
hhHistory of New Evangelicalism
hhSocial revolution in the 1960s and ’70s
hhProgressive Education and Materialism impact the Laodicean
Church
Music 42 songs
•• Hymns of the faith, choruses
Memory Work
•• Passages (19 containing 53 verses)
Prayer Time
•• Learn to pray for each other, our nation, those in authority over us
207
Electives
Grades 7–12
Spanish 1 Grades 7–12
Application
•• Vocabulary exercises to master each
The four basic steps in learning any language are study, memorization, practice,
and application. This course utilizes all four of these steps. The text Por todo el
mundo is designed to enable the student to speak, understand, read, and write
the basic Spanish he would need to know in most everyday situations. Memorization of Bible verses in Spanish is also a major part of the course.
The Vocabulary Manual provides a first-year student with a logical, step-by-step
introduction to the most common Spanish words and expressions. They apply
this knowledge as they participate in conversations, read assigned material, sing
songs, translate Bible stories orally, give oral reports, perform dramas, and write
letters and reports.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
to Spanish alphabet, vowel and consonant sounds
hhConstant review of sounds, intonation, stress, and punctuation
Grammar
alphabet: vowels, consonants
introductory conversations
hhNouns:
hhGender
hhPlural:
reports
•• Dramas, letters, written reports
•• Spanish hymns (75)
Evaluation
•• Memorize 35 verses in Spanish
(witnessing tool)
•• Weekly vocabulary quizzes (33)
•• Grammar and reading quizzes
recommended
•• Written tests (12)
hhDescriptive,
hhIntroduction
hhNames,
interviews
•• Oral Bible story translations, oral
hhAdjectives:
Pronunciation
hhSpanish
vocabulary lesson:
•• Conversation, reading, songs,
the and a (an) before plural nouns
hhArticles:
hhDefinite:
el/la
a
hhStatements and questions:
hhWith ES, ESTA, transitive verbs, pronouns, descriptive adjectives,
helping verbs
hhIn past tense with helping verbs, irregular helping verbs
hhComparisons: ES versus ESTA, Saber versus Conocer, Ser versus
Estar, Por versus Para, of quantity
hhPrepositions:
hhDe and a
hhBefore infinitives: in past tense
hhPronouns as objects of prepositions
hhPronouns:
hhSubject, asking and answering questions, relative pronoun Que
hhDirect object pronouns: before the verb
hhUse of object pronouns, asking questions in past tense sentences,
double object, as object of prepositions
hhVerbs:
hhTransitive verbs, verb endings, personal endings for Spanish -AR verbs
hhIrregular
hhHelping, -ER and -IR verbs
hhRegular: -AR, -ER, and -IR verbs
hhInfinitives:
hhAdjective expressions before infinitives
hhPrepositions before infinitives: in past tense
hhTenses:
hhPresent
hhPast: regular -AR, -ER, and -IR verbs; stem changing -IR verbs;
questions with pronouns; combining sentences
hhIndefinite:
208
types and forms, ending in E and in a consonant,
preceding a noun, double adjectives, adjective expressions before
infinitives
hhPossessive: before plural nouns
hhDemonstrative
hhSummary of types, of nationality, Ser and Estar before adjectives
hhComparison: with Tan…Como
hhSer and Estar: comparison, before adjectives, describing inanimate
objects
hhAnd, or, but, contraction of DE and EL, the personal you, telling time,
the date, combining sentences, indefinite and negative words
Vocabulary Topics
hhIntroductory
expressions: greetings, introductions and farewells,
questions and answers, favors and courtesies
hhSchool: people, things, requests, days, numbers 1–30, places, in the
classroom, times, courses, months, actions, activities
hhClothing: type and style, color, shopping, quality and size, quantity
and measurement, price
hh-ER verbs, -IR verbs
hhThe family: personal characteristics, physical appearance, personal
history
hhHome:
hhThe house: characteristics and conditions, construction, furniture,
prepositions of place, pastimes, housework
hhFood:
hhThe meal, table service, beverages, meat, vegetables, fruit
hhCondiments, breakfast, lunch, dinner, dessert, in the restaurant
hhCreation:
hhThe universe, the world, animals
hhMan: the head, the body
hhHealth: What’s wrong with you?, health and the mind, religion and worship
hhVacation: recreation and relaxation
hh Travel and sightseeing, transportation, departure date, directions,
distance
hhIn the city: important buildings and places
Electives
Grades 7–12
Spanish 2 Grades 7–12
The Spanish 2 program is designed to improve the students’ ability to speak, understand, read, and write basic
Spanish in most everyday situations, with a strong emphasis on witnessing for Christ. A Bible memory verse for
each week, practice lessons from the life of Christ, and a strong missionary emphasis make this course unique. The
other applications of these skills include writing Bible stories, performing create-a-scenes and situation act-outs,
storytelling, taking part in discussion and debate, anecdote and questions, and giving their testimony.
The text Más que vencedores briefly reviews basic Spanish 1 grammar and then introduces new grammar. The goal
of Spanish 2 is to enable the student to speak the language with a real working knowledge of it. Cultural readings
of Spain and Latin America are featured.
The Vocabulary Manual briefly reviews the basic words and expressions learned in Spanish 1, and then introduces new
expressions and words. The Spanish 2 student will find the vocabulary manual a helpful tool in writing compositions.
Application
•• Vocabulary exercises to master
each vocabulary lesson:
•• Conversations, cultural readings
•• Stories from the life of Christ (a
witnessing tool)
•• Written reports, interviews
•• Oral Bible story translations,
written Bible story translations
•• Create-a-scene, situation act-outs,
dictation, storytelling
Evaluation
•• Memorize 32 verses in Spanish
(witnessing tool)
questions
•• Weekly vocabulary quizzes (30)
•• Grammar and reading quizzes
activities
•• Written tests (12)
•• Discussion and debate, anecdote and
•• Testimony, oral report, enrichment
recommended
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Adjectives:
•• Descriptive before the noun
Grammar
•• Tenses
•• Present tense:
•• Verb forms and structures
hhAbsolute
superlative, “true superlative”
adverbs from adjectives, diminutives
hhAdverbs: forming adverbs from adjectives, comparative and superlative
•• Contrasts:
hhConcepts and structures, direct and indirect object pronouns
hhPreterite and imperfect
•• Por and Para
•• Passive action (with Ser) and state of being (with Estar)
hhSubjunctive and indicative moods
hhNominalization: modification structures, demonstrative pronouns,
possessive pronouns
hhQuestions:
hhCompound interrogatives: indirect questions
hhIndefinite and negative words
hhGustar: to be pleasing, indirect objects with Gustar, similar verbs
hhJoining sentences with words similar to Cuando, infinitive constructions
hhCommands:
hhWith irregular verbs
hhIndirect: subjunctive mood
hhForming
hhPresent
perfect: irregular forms
progressive: overview, forms, structure, irregular forms
•• Past tense
•• Forms and structures, irregular verbs
hhCustomary action, true passive
hh Imperfect: irregular forms, states of mind and being, with ongoing
states
hhFuture: overview, endings, irregular forms, in indirect questions
and statements, with If clauses
hhConditional: overview, endings, irregular forms, with unreal If
clauses
hhProgressive of tenses
•• Nouns:
•• Related forms and structures
hhDiminutives
•• Verbs:
•• Irregular verbs: past tense, commands
hhPassive voice: true passive, passive action
hhSubjunctive mood:
hhAfter expressions of emotion and expressions of doubt and
denial
hhSubjunctive mood vs. indicative mood
hhAfter joining words and relative pronouns
•• Pronouns:
hhIndirect objects, contrast of direct and indirect object pronouns
•• Double object
hhReflexive object: to convey action done to oneself, reciprocal
action, bodily movements, and the assumption of bodily positions
hhRelative and compound relative
hhPresent
Vocabulary Topics
•• Spanish 1 Vocabulary Review
•• In the city:
•• Important buildings and places
hhBusinesses,
merchants
distance, on a trip, departure time
hhCommunication: mail, telephone
•• School: back to school, class activities
hhSports: contest elements, sports activities and skills
hhDirections,
209
Spanish 2 cont. p. 210
Electives
Grades 7–12
Spanish 2 cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
hhMiscellaneous
topics:
and finances
hhPrepositions and adverbs of place
hhIn the garden, on the farm, at the seaside (beach)
hhImportant days, logic and reasoning
hhThe church, state and government
hhThe arts, artists, works of art, artistic skills, construction materials,
shapes and textures
Vocabulary Topics cont.
hhMoney
hhJewelry
and personal effects, fabric, toilet accessories, personal
hygiene, getting ready
•• Clothing, shopping
hhPersonal relations: attitudes, actions
hhPosture, movement of body parts, adjectives describing events and
situations, verbs of becoming
hhIn the kitchen:
hhStove and sink, utensils and appliances
hhCooking, recipes, measurements and quantities
French 1 Grades 7–12
Application
•• Vocabulary exercises to master
each vocabulary lesson:
Nouveaux Chemins is designed to give students the skills to speak, understand,
read, and write basic French in most everyday situations, with a strong emphasis
on witnessing for Christ. Memorization of Bible verses in French is a major part of
this course.
The vocabulary exercises aid the students in reading French writings, forming
French words, singing songs, conducting interviews, translating Bible stories
orally, writing compositions, giving oral reports, and performing dramas all in
French.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Pronunciation
dramas
Evaluation
•• Memorize 35 verses in French
(witnessing tool)
•• Weekly vocabulary quizzes (33)
•• Grammar and reading quizzes
recommended
•• Written tests (10)
hhAnswering
questions with pronoun subjects
tag pronouns in past tense
hhIndirect questions in past tense
hhPersonal you
hhAdjectives: placement, gender/number agreement, preceding a
noun, doubling their final consonant, expressions before the infinitive,
irregular, possessive, demonstrative
hhFrench words: Avoir, Aller, Il y a, Être, Savoir, Devoir, Voir, Croire,
Vouloir, Pouvoir, Offrir, Souffrir, Ouvrir, Couvrir, Découvrir, Pendre,
Comprendre, Apprendre, Surprendre, Lire, Dire, Écrire, Faire, Mettre,
Connaître, Paraître, Boire, Recevoir, Dormir, Sortir, Partir, Servir, and
Courir, Venir, Tenir, Vivre, Suivre
hhTelling time, combining sentences
hhAdverbs: adverbial phrases, placement in past tense sentences
hhCommands
hhIndefinite and negative words
hhComparisons
hhPartitive article
to the French alphabet and vowel sounds
review of sounds, intonation, stress, and rhythm
hhWith
Grammar
hhNouns:
interviews
•• Oral Bible story translations
•• Compositions, oral reports,
hhQuestions:
hhIntroduction
hhConsistent
•• Reading, word formation, songs,
plural, articles before plural nouns
hhGender
hhArticles:
definite, indefinite, before plural nouns
and questions
hhAnd, or, but
hhPrepositions
hhContraction of de + article
hhThe date
hhPronouns:
hhSubject, relative
hhDirect object, double object, objects of preposition
hhNeuter demonstrative
hhVerbs:
hhTransitive, verb endings, taking infinitive complements
hhWith spelling changes, passé composé of regular verbs
hhInfinitives
hhIrregular past participles
hhPresent and past tenses:
hhCombining and expanding sentences, adverb placement
hhNegative words in past-tense constructions
hhStatements
Vocabulary Topics
hhIntroductory
expressions:
introductions and farewells
hhQuestions and answers, favors and courtesies
hhSchool:
hhPeople, things, requests, days of the week, numbers 1–30
hhIn the classroom, courses, subjects, weather, months, holidays
hhDesires, actions, and activities
hhGreetings,
210
French 1 cont. p. 211
Electives
Grades 7–12
French 1 cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Vocabulary Topics cont.
hhFood:
hhClothing:
men’s, women’s, fashion, color, shopping, quality and size,
choice, quantity, measurement, price
hh-Ir verbs: the family, personal characteristics, physical appearance
hh-Re verbs:
hhAdverbial phrases (point in time), curriculum vitae
hhPlace of residence and work, professions and trades (optional)
hhHome:
hhThe house: rooms, architecture, inside and outside, characteristics,
condition
hhFurniture, prepositions of place, pastimes, time, gardening, housework
meal/table service, food, menu, beverages and desserts
vacation/recreation and relaxation, travel and sightseeing,
transportation, departure time
hhWorship: religion and worship
hhBody and health: parts of the body, health and the mind, state of
mind
hhCreation: the universe, the world, animals
hhThe city: important buildings, important places, businesses, merchants, directions, distance
hhRecreation:
French 2 Grades 7–12
Langue et Louange briefly reviews basic French 1 grammar and then introduces new grammar. The
goal of French 2 is to enable the student to have a real working knowledge of French. Cultural
readings are featured in this text.
The application of these skills include reading and answering questions; writing compositions;
conducting interviews; performing create-a-scenes and situation act-outs; telling stories; participating in discussions, debates, anecdotes, and questions; and being prepared to give a testimony for
Christ.
Application
•• Vocabulary exercises to master each vocabulary lesson:
•• Reading and questions, composition, interviews
•• Oral Bible story translation
•• Create-a-scene, situation act-outs, dictation, storytelling
•• Discussion and debate, anecdote and questions
•• Testimony, oral report, enrichment activities
Evaluation
•• Memorize 30 verses in French (witnessing tool)
•• Weekly vocabulary quizzes (28)
•• Grammar and reading quizzes recommended
•• Written tests (12)
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Grammar
hhOf
perception before the infinitive
mood:
hhIn indirect commands, after expressions of emotion
hhIrregular forms, after expressions of doubt and denial
hhAfter joining words, in relative clauses
•• Pronouns:
•• Double object
hhIndirect object, direct versus indirect object
•• Demonstrative
hhInterrogative
hhReflexive object:
hhTo convey action done to oneself
hhThe assumption of bodily positions
hhReciprocal action, the process of becoming
hhPossessive, the pronoun En, compound relative
hhThe pronoun Y: adverbial, indirect
hhThe order of object pronouns
hhInterrogative
hhOrder of pronouns with commands
hhSubjunctive
•• Tenses:
•• Present: forms and structures
•• Past: forms and structures, customary action in the past
hhImperfect:
hhImperfect
versus the Passé Composé
forms of imperfect tense
hhWith states of mind and being
hhTo report a state of affairs
hhFuture:
hhIrregular forms, in indirect statements, with If clauses
hhCombining and expanding sentences
hhConditional: irregular forms, with hypothetical If clauses
•• Nouns: forms and structures
•• Verbs:
•• Taking Être as a helping verb in the Passé Composé
hhReflexive verbs in the Passé Composé
hhIrregular
211
French 2 cont. p. 212
Electives
Grades 7–12
French 2 cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Directions, distance, on a trip, departure time
Grammar cont.
hhQuestions:
rogatives
hhCommunication:
compound interrogatives, indirect with compound inter-
mail, telephone
•• School: back to school, class activities
hh Sports:
What do you play?, Where does the game take place?, sports skills
and accessories, toiletries, general appearance, personal
hygiene
•• Clothing, shopping
hhPersonal relations: attitudes, actions
hhPosture, movement of body parts
hhIn the kitchen: stove and sink, utensils and appliances, cooking, recipes, measurements and quantities
hhMiscellaneous topics:
hhMoney and finances
hhOn the farm, at the seaside (beach)
hhTime, logic and reasoning
hhThe church, state and government
hhShapes and surfaces, the arts, artistic skills
•• Adjectives:
•• Descriptive adjectives before the noun
hhJewelry
hhSuperlative
form of adjectives
adverbs from adjectives
hhTu commands
hhAdverbs: forming from adjectives, comparative and superlative
hhJoining sentences
hhExpanding sentences
hhCausative constructions with Faire
hhForming
Vocabulary Topics
•• Review of French 1 vocabulary
•• The city: important buildings/places
Keyboarding Grades 10–12
Special Projects
Keyboarding and Document Processing is written to be clear and concise without
being software or hardware specific. This keyboarding course begins with the
basics of learning the keyboard—all alphabet and figure keys.
Document formatting skills for business letters with special features and other
letter and memo styles, unbound reports, and documents with tables are then
covered. The main goal of this text is to teach students a skill they will use for life.
•• Creative writing
•• Weeklong office simulation combin-
ing many documents learned
Evaluation
•• Written quizzes (15)
•• Tests (8)
•• Desk arrangement and technique
quizzes (40)
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Basic Skills
Proofreading Skills
hhWork
hhProofreader’s
area arrangement
hhHand and finger placement, proper body position, correct keying
technique
hhIntroduction of alphabet keys in 23 lessons
hhIntroduction of number and symbol keys
hhSpacing after punctuation and symbols:
hhSemicolon, period, colon, backslash, question mark, exclamation point,
hyphen, dash, dollar sign
hhGross words a minute
hhNet words a minute
•• Graded documents (17)
•• Timed writings (at least 163)
marks:
close up or delete space, transpose, add space
hhNew paragraph, do not delete
hhCapitalize, lowercase, spell out
hhMove right or left, align horizontally or vertically, center
hhBold, italics, underline, start new line, delete
hhKeying and correcting documents
hhApplying proofreader’s marks to already keyed text
hhInsert,
Number Expression Facts
hhRegular
numbers, house numbers, numbers that begin a sentence
numbers, sums of money, weights and measurements
hhNumbers that follow nouns, numbers used together
hhRelated and unrelated numbers
Computer Skills
hhStreet
hhLine
spacing, hard and soft returns, headers and footers
orientation, margins, text alignment
hhCharacter formats: bold, italics, underline
hhCentering text on a page, tab stops, indents
hhPage
212
Keyboarding cont. p. 213
Electives
Grades 10 –12
Keyboarding cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Document Formatting
hhOutlines
hhReports:
hhAnnouncements
hhUnbound
hhMemorandums:
hhSimplified,
standard
features: attachment, enclosure
hhDistribution lists
hhPersonal business letters: punctuation, block style, enclosure notation
hhEnvelopes: USPS format, inside address format
hhBusiness letters:
hhPunctuation: open, closed, mixed
hhSpecial features:
hhConfidential, attention line, subject line, delivery notation
hhCompany name in closing
hhEnclosure notation, copy notation, postscript notation
hhBlock style
hhModified block style: horizontal center point
hhSimplified block style
hhSpecial
report:
numbers, side headings, paragraph headings
hhParenthetical citations, long quotations
hhBound report
hhWorks cited page, title page, tables
hhColumns and rows, title and body, text columns, number columns
hhOptional features:
hhSecondary title, column headings, source note
hhDollar amounts, total line
hhEnumerations for letters, memorandums, and reports
hhSecond page headings for 2-page letters and memorandums
hhPage
Document Processing Grades 11–12 (one semester)
Special Projects
•• Preparing employment documents
for an open position
Keyboarding and Document Processing is also used in this course. Formatting
and producing employment and business documents is the focus of this course.
Students spend weeks on an office simulation, producing documents for their
“supervisor.” They also work on their résumé and a cover letter, preparing them
to seek employment. The final project is the compilation of a document portfolio
which includes many documents that students have worked on in the keyboarding
and document processing courses.
•• Weeklong office simulation combin-
ing many documents learned
•• Creative writing
Evaluation
•• Written quizzes (3)
•• Tests (4)
•• Desk arrangement and technique
quizzes (13)
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
•• Graded documents (15)
•• Timed writings (at least 177)
•• Envelopes
•• Business letters:
•• Personal
•• Block style, modified block style, simplified block style
Computer Skills
•• Margins, line spacing, headers and footers
•• Page orientation, text alignment, character formats
•• Centering text on a page, tab stops, indents, inserting symbols
hhEnumerations
for letters, memorandums, and reports
•• Second-page headings for 2-page letters and memorandums
Proofreading Skills
hhLetters
•• Correcting formatting and typing errors
•• Keying documents and applying proofreader’s marks
and memorandums with tables
•• Tables
•• Reports:
•• Unbound
Document Formatting Skills
hhBound:
long quotations
reports: long quotations, works cited page
hhItineraries, agendas
hhEmployment
applications
hhRésumés: chronological, functional
hhCover letters, follow-up letters, forms, announcements
•• Memorandums: simplified, standard
hhMLA-style
213
Electives
Grades 11–12
Speech Grades 11–12 (one semester)
Speech for Today presents the art of everyday speech in a friendly, conversational style that students
and teachers love. Experience is the key to developing good speaking skills; students need practice
speaking to one another in small groups and before larger audiences. An abundance of speaking exercises, group projects, and selections for interpretation throughout the text provides opportunities for
practice and performance. Skills mastered include telephone courtesy, introductions, personal testimonies, group discussion, parliamentary procedure, pantomime, monologues, poetry, and storytelling.
Application
•• Conversation exercise
•• Impromptu speeches, interview exercise,
personal ­testimony speech
•• Group discussion exercise
•• Parliamentary procedures exercise
•• Pantomime exercise, character pantomime
•• Monologue preview and speech
•• Declamation preview and speech
•• Poetry preview and speech
•• Storytelling preview and speech
•• Devotional speech
Evaluation
•• Speeches (14)
•• Pronunciation quizzes (2)
•• Reading quizzes (2)
•• Practice time sheets
exercise
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Place of Speech in Society
Reading with Meaning
hhBlessings
hhInterpretation
and responsibilities of free speech
of speech to citizenship and success
hhImportance
hhStudying
the selection: thought analysis, attitude analysis
of interpretation:
hhQuality, pitch, range, inflection
hhForce, time, pause, emphasis
hhTechniques
Everyday Conversation
hhWhy
so much, how to improve conversation
Special Types of Conversation
Our American Pronunciation
hhTelephone
conversation
hhIntroductions, impromptu speaking
hhInterviews, personal testimonies
hhProblem
Group Discussion
Listening
hhMethods:
hhDo
of pronunciation, regional pronunciation
of American speech, articulating the sounds
hhPutting the sounds together: blending, rhythm
hhSounds
you listen?
of listening: enjoyment, inspiration, information/ideas, critical
listening
hhHow to listen effectively
hhCommittee
meetings and conferences
hhCooperative investigations, single-leader discussion, debates
hhQualities of good group discussion
hhKinds
Parliamentary Procedure
Interpreting Declamations and Poetry
hhPurpose,
constitution and by-laws
hhDuties of officers, conducting business
hhThe meeting:
hhCalling to order, reading the minutes
hhReports, presenting motions, adjourning the meeting
hhElecting officers: nominations, elections
hhValue
Talking with the Body
Storytelling
hhWhy
hhValues
of declaiming, preparing a declamation
the declamation:
hhMood, pointing the thoughts, transitions
hhImpersonating, effectiveness, practicing continuously
hhJudging a declamation, 5 sample declamations
hhPresenting poetry, 21 sample poems
hhDelivering
of storytelling, the storyteller, the audience
of stories:
hhFable, folk story, myth, adventure
hhHistorical story, biographical story, Bible story
hhSpecial occasion story, modern short story
hhChoosing, preparing, and presenting the story
hh4 sample stories
and how we talk with the body
hhPosture, movement, walking and sitting
hhGestures, pantomime
hhTypes
Interpreting Monologues
hhWhat
is a monologue?
to good characterization
hhReacting to unseen characters
hhHow to memorize for performance
hh12 sample monologues
hhSteps
Extemporaneous Devotionals
hhChoosing
a topic, tentative outline
details, final outline, practice delivery
hhSupporting
214
Electives
Grades 11–12
Family & Consumer Sciences Grades 11–12 (one semester)
Additional Helps
The themes of hospitality and stewardship are woven throughout Scripture. Family/
Consumer Sciences presents a wonderful opportunity for young people to learn
entertaining and hospitality habits that they can implement as they establish their own
homes and families. This practical introductory course on cooking and entertaining
covers topics such as nutrition, meal management, and etiquette. The final project is
a dinner party that pulls together all aspects studied during the course.
•• Demonstrations (31)
Evaluation
•• Labs (15)
•• Projects (2)
•• Written quizzes (20)
•• Tests (5)
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Kitchen Basics
Adding Flavor
hhKitchen
safety, food safety, dishwashing
hhUse and care of appliances
hhMicrowave cooking, basic kitchen techniques
hhKitchen equipment
hhUsing a recipe, lab procedures, key nutrients
hhHerbs,
Nutrition
Produce
hhKey
hhVegetables:
spices, seasonings
legumes, pasta
hhFats and oils, frying: pan-frying, deep-fat frying
hhTypes of fat: solid, liquid
hhSauces, gravies
hhMarinades,
nutrients, dietary guidelines, food pyramid
hhWeight management, sports nutrition, consumer education
hhMeal management
hhClassification
hhSelecting
Beverages & Breakfast
hhFruits:
hhMilk,
hhSalads:
coffee, tea, punch
hhEggs:
hhPurchasing and storing
hhHandling, breaking and separating, cooking
hhEgg substitutes
fresh, frozen, canned, uses
hhTypes:
fruit, gelatin, pasta, protein, vegetable, green
hhDressings
Lunch
hhSoups
and stews, casseroles
natural, processed, imitation, storage and use
hhSandwiches
Grains
hhCheese:
hhTypes
of grains, preparation and storage
breads:
hhMuffins, nut breads, pancakes, French toast, waffles
hhBiscuits
hhYeast breads
hhQuick
Dinner
hhMeat:
hhNutritional
value, determining quality
beef, veal, game, lamb, pork
hhCuts, purchasing, storing, thawing, handling
hhSeasoning, cooking, checking for doneness
hhPoultry:
hhNutritional value, determining quality
hhPurchasing, handling, thawing
hhSeasoning, cooking, checking for doneness, stuffing
hhFish and shellfish:
hhNutritional value, purchasing
hhWhole, drawn, dressed, fillets, steaks
hhTypes of fish
hhShellfish: shrimp, mollusks, imitation seafood
hhCooking
hhTypes:
Food Preservation
hhFreezing,
high quality: fresh, canned, frozen, dried
hhGarnishes
canning, making jelly
Serving
hhTable
appointments: dinnerware, flatware, beverageware, linens,
centerpieces
hhTable setting, place setting
hhEntering and seating in the dining room
hhTypes of meal service, buffet service
hhServing and clearing the table
hhPlate presentation
Successful Entertaining
Appetizers
hhHospitality,
table etiquette, table manners
awkward situations, restaurant etiquette
hhParty planning: budget and theme, invitations, planning details,
introductions
hhHandling
hhVarieties:
hhHors
d’oeuvres
fruit and cheese platters
hhFinger foods, dips and spreads
hhVegetable,
215
Family & Consumer Sciences cont. p. 216
Electives
Grades 7–12
Family & Consumer Sciences cont.
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Appetizers cont.
Desserts
hhEntertaining
hhSelection,
with appetizers:
hhParty planning
hhArranging the food, arranging the table
garnishes
and puddings
hhCookies: bar, drop, pressed, shaped, rolled
hhCakes: butter cakes, foam cakes, frosting
hhPies and pastries: pie crusts, baking
hhCandy: cooking stages, storage
hhCustards
Art Grades 7–12
Additional Features
Watercolor Step-by-Step introduces the tools of the trade, gives innovative substitutes for art materials, and shows the basic techniques used in creating watercolor
paintings. Given this foundation, students copy the author’s step-by-step demonstration paintings, create their own compositions, and paint them in watercolor. Art
history is incorporated in later lessons as students analyze and copy the style of
master watercolorists. Students learn to paint still lifes, landscapes, floral compositions, architecture, and other subjects.
•• Step-by-step demonstrations (15)
•• Self-paced assignments (43)
•• Art history incorporated
•• Advice on purchasing art materials
•• Selected bibliography
Evaluation
•• Graded paintings (15)
 RED indicates first introduction of content.
Getting Started
Watercolor Paintings Produced
hhStretching
hh15
paintings of scenes such as sunset, misty morning, storm over Lake
Jackson, winter landscape, mimosa blossoms, teddy bears, the Valley
of Dry Bones, Ochlocknee River in fall, portrait
hh43 other related assignments
the paper
hhPainting indoors and outdoors
hhThe palette
hhAfter painting
Basics of Watercolor
hhFlat
wash, dark wash, graded wash
in wet, dry brush, calligraphy
hhSpattering, toothbrush, salt, dropping water, masking
hhPainting with a sponge, scraping with a knife
hhRubbing with an eraser or sponge, scrubbing with a tissue
hhWet
216
11/13 ER

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