LD-5 CW/SSB QRP Transceiver

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LD-5 CW/SSB QRP Transceiver
LnR Precision, Inc. 10490 US Hwy. 220 Bus. N., Randleman, N.C. 27317 email [email protected]
LD5 – CW/SSB QRP Transceiver
Quick guide manual
Description:
Features
At the development base of the digital signal processing unit, an algorithm is embedded for IQ processing of
the channels with phase suppression of the unwanted side-band channel!
Unit CPU \ DSP performs the following functions:
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Digital signal processing
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Frequency synthesizer
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Full control of the transceiver with direct conversion / SDR /
Applicaton:
Due to its small dimensions and light weight, transceiver is suitable for any portable or stationary operation.
This unit contains:
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-CPU STM32F407,
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-NS -24 bit ADC PCM1803,
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-NS -16 bit DAC CS4338 low hissing amp
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-HF-generator Si570
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-1602-line LCD
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-Matrix of buttons
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-Encoder
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The unit has electronic CW Iambic key, SWR meter and output power wattmeter.
Functions that this unit performs, are separate and switchable for reception / transmission.
They are displayed on the screen display as RX / TX with symbols.
How to order:
L&R direct www.LNRprecision.com
© 2014 LNR Precision Par EndFedz Antennas and QRP Transceivers
Emmision Modes: SSB, CW
5W output power typ.
Very low noise floor due to DDC input stage
The unit has an electronic CW Iambic A/B keyer,
SWR meter and output power wattmeter.
High stability Si 570 generator
Split-frequency operation
PTT can be switched by connecting PTT to ground
RX/TX switching:
o push PTT input to ground
o AF VOX
Output SWR indicator
Optimal output power indicator
Integrated Sequencer
TX 3 band EQ – presets for bass, middle and treble
boost
LnR Precision, Inc. 10490 US Hwy. 220 Bus. N., Randleman, N.C. 27317 email [email protected]
Block diagram
Specifications
General
Frequency range
7000 kHz – 22 MHz
40, 30, 20, 17 and 15 meter operation
Modes
USB , LSB , CW , CW-R
DATA :CAT –USB jack : CW, PSK, RTTY,
SSTV – 3,5mm jack
Power
5 output in CW / SSB
Frequency Stability
Supply Voltage
+/- 30 PPM typical over 0-50 deg C
10.5V min to 15V max
350mA receive and 1.5 to 2 A typical in
transmit
Push button operation
© 2014 LNR Precision Par EndFedz Antennas and QRP Transceivers
LnR Precision, Inc. 10490 US Hwy. 220 Bus. N., Randleman, N.C. 27317 email [email protected]
LO temp. Stability
Antenna
+/- 2.5
50 ohms
BNC
Memory
100 memory storage per band
memorize frequency, mode, VFO’s
Built-in speaker
0.2 watts
Dual VFO
Dimensions
4.724” long X 3.937” wide x 1.957 “ tall
Weight
19.0oz / 0,54kilogram /excluding microphone/
Iambic key
mode A and mode B
Pitch CW
adjustable- CW tone from 400 to 1000 Hz when crossing the transmit shift to the same tone
Notch Filter
reject interfering tone only for SSB from -6 to -40 db
Noise reduction
level of attenuation of the noise from 1 to 50- use minimal necessary
Noise Blanker
adjusted in the range from value 4 to 12 readings depending on interference
CW VOX
retention /delay/ mode in CW – 100 milliseconds to 5000 milliseconds / 5 seconds /
SSB VOX
max. 0.4 sec.
Filters
8 different filters – 4 of 4 for CW/ SSB - 1-3 factory presets – No.4 adjustable for CW/501000Hz/ and SSB/250-3.6KHz
Compressor SSB
0-20dB
SSB – MONITOR
mode in transmit
Trasnsmitter
Input Power
8-9
W
Output Power
5
Measurement
SWR and Power in numbers or bar
4.0
6
W
supply voltage –real voltage on
display
Two modes CW
a simple key and AUTO as automatic
Morse key
Receiver
Receive sensitivity
0.2uV
Preamp
Ant Preamp
+16
dB
Spurious response rejection
IMD3 -38Db/ 5W
IMD5 -43dB
ATT
-6 db
© 2014 LNR Precision Par EndFedz Antennas and QRP Transceivers
dB
LnR Precision, Inc. 10490 US Hwy. 220 Bus. N., Randleman, N.C. 27317 email [email protected]
Front panel indicators and functions
© 2014 LNR Precision Par EndFedz Antennas and QRP Transceivers
DESCRIPTION of the command buttons
LnR Precision, Inc. 10490 US Hwy. 220 Bus. N., Randleman, N.C. 27317 email [email protected]
Command
Meaning
ON/OFF
POWER – ON OFF the transceiver
UP
Switching the ranges or values up
DOWN
Switching the ranges or values down
MODE
Switching type of detection
VFO
VFO A/B switch
STEP
Switch step between 10Hz 100Hz 1kHz 10kHz (this button is duplicated by pressing the encoder) – a push -10 Hz; two
indents- 100 Hz; three pushes -1 KHz ; four pushes 10 kHz
LOCK
Lock/unlock the encoder” symbol key in place of the step”.
RIT
On / off :”star” after frequency =0 RIT; Shifting the frequency DOWN – symbol “<”; Shifting the frequency UP – symbol
“>”
PRE/ATT
Switching in three positions: RF preamp “arrow-up”; attenuator and direct reception “arrow down
FILTER
Switches 8 different filters – 4 of 4 for CW/ SSB, as from 1 to 3 are set by the service menu under default values and 4
separate filters with direct access to adjustments during reception.
MEMO
100 Memories for all bands with memorizing frequency, type of mode and the filter bandwidth.
Memorizing : Press the MEMO button to select the memory number with TUNING, paste it from 0 to 99, then press the
DOWN button again and MEMO button again – frequency is stored, MODE, preamp or attenuator, Notch Filter, Noise
Blanker, Noise reduction.
Memory Recall: Press to select MEMO and with TUNING choose the memory you require from 0 to 99 as the display will
show the preset frequency on the bottom line, then press the UP button and it will display the selected frequency and
then push memory button again –MEMO – and then you go to: preset frequency, MODE, preamp or attenuator, Notch
Filter, Noise Blanker, Noise reduction
© 2014 LNR Precision Par EndFedz Antennas and QRP Transceivers
Note
LnR Precision, Inc. 10490 US Hwy. 220 Bus. N., Randleman, N.C. 27317 email [email protected]
MENU –settings
Enter in MENU MODE while pressing MENU button and exit the menu mode by pressing the MENU again after set up!
MENU
Default menu settings
AGC
Speed adjustable AGC value 1 to 20, with 1 being with a biggest delay and at 20 with fastest one. Direct adjustment in real time
-
PITCH CW
tuning range on CW from 400HZ to 1000HZ implemented automatically on both modes- transmitting to a receiving band, no direct
adjustment in real time – and then exit this mode
CW SPEED
5 to 60 WPM. No direct input tuning in real time, only when exit this mode
WEIGHT CW KEY
point identical to ratio modes with 2> 1; 2.5> 1; 3> 1; 3.5> 1; 4> 1; 4.5> 1 – to switch abruptly? Turning the tuning right and to
the left increases the ratio or decreases.
CW VOX
adjustment of VOX for CW – DISABLE is off, retention of 100 milliseconds to 5000 milliseconds through 100 milliseconds
REVERSE CW KEY
Reverse of dots and dashes to paddle
CW KEY TYPE
two modes SIMPLE as a simple key and AUTO as automatic Morse key with a sharp turn of the tuning
IAMBIC MODE
NOTCH FILTER
Two modes: mode A and mode B.
Regulation 6 db to 40 db. Direct tuning in real time.
NOISE BLANKER
Adjustable from 4 to 12. Direct tuning in real time.
NOISE REDUCTION
Adjustable from 1 to 50 with 1 being the most big noise suppression and decreased with increasing. Direct tuning in real time.
S-METER MODE
evidence of S-meter – Two modes Scale and micro volts switching with a sharp turn of the tuning
TX METER
Display mode of transmission in numbers or bar switch with a sharp turn of the tuning
SHOW TX
display in transmission power or SWR switch with a sharp turn of the tuning
POWER TX
Adjustment of the output stage of power at rates from 10 to 100%.
LED MODE
FOREVER or AUTO mode: in AUTO after certain seconds turns off the backlight on the display and by pressing a button or
turning the tuning knob lights turned on.
SSB TX MUTE
to listen to the microphone signal “monitor feedback,” two-mode – on and off
SSB COMPRESSOR
compressor SSB model from 0 to 100
SSB VOX
adjustment of VOX for SSB – DISABLE is off, retention of 100 milliseconds to 5000 milliseconds through 100 milliseconds
VOX LEVEL
adjustment level of microphone for VOX SSB
© 2014 LNR Precision Par EndFedz Antennas and QRP Transceivers
Note
LnR Precision, Inc. 10490 US Hwy. 220 Bus. N., Randleman, N.C. 27317 email [email protected]
© 2014 LNR Precision Par EndFedz Antennas and QRP Transceivers
LnR Precision, Inc. 10490 US Hwy. 220 Bus. N., Randleman, N.C. 27317 email [email protected]
FUNCION SETTINGS = PUSHING F + :
RIT
On virtual intermediate frequency (VIF) – can be set from the main menu from 5000 to 10000 hertz. Identified as arrows on the upper right
corner of the display ->. VIF is working as a main working feature and must be switched on permanently. DIRECT CONVERSION should be
used as an option.
MENU
Shows the power supply in place of S-meter / SWR / Power – reception and transmission. It remains in this state until pressed again “ F
<MENU> “
UP
On Noise Blanker. Direct tuning in real time.
MODE
On Notch Filter (only SSB) pass-CW off and does not affect the display- no indication. Direct setting in real time.
DOWN
On Noise reduction. Direct tuning in real time.
FILTER
Modifying bandwidth of filter 4 – separately for SSB and CW. Direct tuning in real time. Push F button, then FILTER and tune chosen
bandwidth with TUNING – for exit push FILTER. Direct setting in real time.
SERVICE MODE
Entry into service mode
To enter into default settings – switch OFF the radio and THEN power it up while F button is pressed!!!! RADIO IS READY NOW!!!!
Upon entering the service mode reset all the settings IN DEFAULT EXCEPT “RX IQ”, “TX IQ” and fine tuning of the synthesizer.
You should not switch factory settings “RX IQ”, “TX IQ” THEY ARE set with additional devices, TRANSMITTING certain frequency.
On each radio in the service menu are recorded INDIVIDUAL factory settings “RX IQ”, “TX IQ”!
© 2014 LNR Precision Par EndFedz Antennas and QRP Transceivers
LnR Precision, Inc. 10490 US Hwy. 220 Bus. N., Randleman, N.C. 27317 email [email protected]
BASIC SETTINGS
F button and then press the MENU button and moving with UP / DOWN and RIT
IF DSP
virtual gap frequency from 5006 to 10013 Hz / recommended to use a low-frequency virtual
V PWR
adjustment of the displayed voltage
REF VFO
correcting the VFO frequency
MULT VFO
Divider VFO. For LD-5 = 4 / do not touch it , it is correct by the service menu/
STARTING FREQUENCY
starting frequency range – can be changed
END FREQUENCY
end of the range, can be varied
S METER
setting S-METER for the range – calibration
RX IQ
Setting the mirror channel correcting the phase and amplitude of IQ for each band separately on RX “- minimum reading – has two modesfast and slow for quick setting and fine – switched with STEP.
Each
transceiver is factory default recorded on the accompanying document
FILTER SSB
Setup filters from 1 to 3 for each type of work. Changing the filter with the push button “Filter”
FILTER CW
Setup filters from 1 to 3 for each type of work. Changing the filter with the push button “Filter”
AGC DSP
on / off AGC -SHOULD ALWAYS BE ENABLE
SHOW S METER
switches S meter
FILTER TX SSB
Adjustment of bandwidth in the transmit mode /FROM 150 Hz to 3600Hz/ -. Changing adjustment of the upper frequency
FILTER TX CW
With the push button “RIT/VIF” adjustment of bandwidth in the transmit mode /FROM 50 Hz to 1000Hz/ - soft CW manipulation 50 – 180 Hz.
BELL SOUND
Adjustment of Power – entries are shown from “Power TX”power”.
LEVEL TX
First row on Display: TX ADC indications power “when all bands are equal in
DESCRIPTION of the settings in transmit mode
PWR / VTT
POWER TX
First row on Display: TX ADC indications power for each band separately.
Second row on Display : Power Control for each band separately, shows power of radio on TX – use forward wave of SWR meter
settings are made on a 50 ohms dummy load and SWR = 1, setting indication varies around 100 – 4000
TX IQ
Correcting amplitude and phase balance in IQ channel – in the transmit mode for each band separately
For this purpose we need to have a separate receiver on the frequency and listen to the unwanted side band channel – set
On minimal hearing. Factory setting on all bands is : A 0.0000 F 0,0000
TX EQ
3 band audio presets on transmit only: bass, middle. Treble boost
© 2014 LNR Precision Par EndFedz Antennas and QRP Transceivers
LnR Precision, Inc. 10490 US Hwy. 220 Bus. N., Randleman, N.C. 27317 email [email protected]
DESCRIPTION of the current settings
/ Those settings are directly accessible by pressing MENU /
AGC SPEED
ADJUSTABLE in levels of delay from 1 to 20
PITCH CW
CW tones from 400 to 1000 Hz when crossing the transmit shift to the same tone
NOTCH FILTER
NOISE BLANKER
NOISE REDUCTION
S-METER MODE
LED
CW SPEED
WEIGHT CW KEY
CW VOX
COMPRESS TX
REVERSE CW KEY
reject interfering tone only for SSB from -6 to -40 db
adjusted in the range from value 4 to 12 - readings depending on interference
level of attenuation of the noise from 1 to 50- use minimal necessary
shows scale bars or S-units in microvolt’s
backlight brightness of the LCD from 0 to 250
regulating the speed of the automatic key from 20 signs to maximum
dot-dash ratio 2.5> 1 to 4.5> 1 in 0.5
DELAY mode in CW - 100 milliseconds to 5000 milliseconds / 5 seconds /
compression microphone from 0 to 100%
reversing dot-dash to paddle
TX METER
shows SWR or power in the transmit mode with bar graph or scale figures
SHOW TX
SWR or power to be displayed in the transmit mode
POWER TX
regulation in mw from 10% to 100%
LED MODE
mode for backlight LCD - constant or relight by pressing any button or rotating of tuning knob
SSB MUTE
on / off microphone - MONITOR mode in transmit
The radio has a built-in ALC SWR protection, when SWR do not exceed 1:3 – there is no change in output power,
But at a greater SWR, the protection gradually lowers the power output, and at SWR = 10 – the output power is only 1%.
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© 2014 LNR Precision Par EndFedz Antennas and QRP Transceivers

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