Tomato - Fertigation

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Tomato - Fertigation
The nutrient requirement for hybrids is 200:250:250 kg of NPK per ha. 75 % of P (187.5 kg P which comes to 1172 kg of superphosphate) is applied as
basal. The remaining quantity of 200:62.5:250 kg of NPK per ha is applied through fertigation. Every day irrigation should be given for one hour. Along with this,
water soluble fertilizers have to be given. This dose is split and given once in 3 days for the entire crop period through fertigation as detailed below.
Total
Duration Fertilizer
Stage Crop stage
Fertilizer
in days
grade
(kg/ha)
65.78
Transplanting
19:19:19
27.77
to plant
13:0:45
1
10
8.44
establishment
Urea
stage
(46%N)
40.98
12:61:0
Flower
222.22
13:0:45
2
initiation to
30
100.27
Urea
flowering
(46%N)
65.78
19:19:19
138.88
Flowering to
13.0:45
3
30
63.90
fruit set
Urea
(46%N)
20.49
12:61:0
111.11
Alternate day
13:0:45
4
80
50.14
from picking
Urea
(46%N)
Nutrient applied
N
12.50
3.61
3.88
19.99
4.92
28.89
46.12
79.93
12.50
18.05
29.39
59.94
2.46
14.44
23.06
39.96
199.82
or
200.00
P
K
% of requirement
N
P
K
12.50 12.50
12.50 10.00 5.00 10.00
12.50 25.00
25.00
100.00 40.00 10.00 40.00
25.00 100.00
12.50 12.50
62.50 30.00 5.00 30.00
12.50 75.00
12.50
50.00 20.00 5.00 20.00
12.50 50.00
62.50 250.00
100
25
The total quantity of the requirement of 19:19:19 is 132 kg, 12:61:0 is 62 kg, 13:0:45 is 500 kg and Urea is 223 kg per ha.
100
Brinjal -Fertigation
The nutrient requirement for hybrids is 200:150:100 kg of NPK per ha. 75 % of P (112.5 kg P which comes to 703 kg of superphosphate) is applied as
basal. The remaining quantity of 200:37.5:100 kg of NPK per ha is applied through fertigation. Every day irrigation should be given for one hour. Along with this,
water soluble fertilizers have to be given. This dose is split and given once in 3 days for the entire crop period through fertigation as detailed below.
Total
Duration Fertilizer
Stage Crop stage
Fertilizer
in days
grade
(kg/ha)
19:19:19
39.47
Transplanting
13:0:45
5.50
to plant
1
10
Urea
25.65
establishment
stage
Subtotal
12:61:0
24.50
13:0:45
88.89
Vegetative
2
30
Urea
142.4
stage
Subtotal
19:19:19
39.47
Flower
13.0:45
50.00
3
initiation to
30
Urea
100.00
first picking
Subtotal
12:61:0
12.30
13:0:45
44.40
4
Harvesting
80
Urea
71.13
Nutrient applied
N
P
% of requirement
K
N
P
7.50
7.50 7.50
0.70
2.50 10.00 5.00
11.80
20.00
7.50 10.00
2.94
15.00 40.00
11.56
40.00 10.00
65.50
80.00 15.00 40.00
7.50
7.50 7.50
6.50
22.50 30.00 5.00
46.00
60.00
7.50 30.00
1.48
7.50
5.80
20.00 20.00 5.00
32.72
Subtotal 40.00 7.50 20.00
200.00 37.50 100.00 100
25
The total quantity of the requirement of 19:19:19 is 79 kg, 12:61:0 is 37 kg, 13:0:45 is 189 kg and Urea is 340 kg per ha.
K
10.00
40.00
30.00
20.00
100
3. Chilli
Fertigation
The nutrient requirement for hybrids is 120:80:80 kg of NPK per ha. 75 % of P (60 kg P which comes to 375 kg of superphosphate) is applied as basal.
The remaining quantity of 120:20:80 kg of NPK per ha is applied through fertigation. Every day irrigation should be given for one hour. Along with this, water
soluble fertilizers have to be given. This dose is split and given once in 3 days for the entire crop period through fertigation as detailed below.
Stage
Total
Duration Fertilizer
Fertilizer
in days
grade
(kg/ha)
19:19:19 21.05
Transplanting
13:0:45
8.88
to plant
10
Urea
14.86
establishment
stage
Subtotal
12:61:0
13.11
Flower
13:0:45
71.04
initiation to
30
Urea
80.72
flowering
Subtotal
19:19:19 21.05
13.0:45
44.40
Flowering set to
30
Urea
56.91
fruit picking
Subtotal
12:61:0
6.52
13:0:45
35.52
Alternate day
8
Urea
40.38
from picking
Subtotal
Crop stage
Nutrient supplied
N
P
K
% requirement
N
P
4.00
4.00 4.00
10.00 5.00
1.15
3.98
1
6.83
11.98 4.00 7.98
1.57
8.00 40.00 10.00
9.24
31.97
2
37.13 47.94 8.00 31.97
4.00
4.00 4.00
30.00 5.00
5.77
19.98
3
26.18 35.95 4.00 23.98
0.75
3.81 20.00 5.00
4.62
15.98
4
18.57 23.94 3.81 15.98
119.81 19.81 79.91 100.00 25.00
(or)
(or)
(or)
120.00 20.00 80.00
The total quantity of the requirement of 19:19:19 is 42 kg, 12:61:0 is 20 kg, 13:0:45 is 160 kg and Urea is 193 kg per ha.
K
10.00
40.00
30.00
20.00
100.00
4. Bhendi
Fertigation
The nutrient requirement for hybrids is 200:100:100 kg of NPK per ha. 75 % of P (75 kg P which comes to 469 kg of superphosphate) is applied as basal.
The remaining quantity of 200:25:100 kg of NPK per ha is applied through fertigation. Every day irrigation should be given for one hour. Along with this, water
soluble fertilizers have to be given. This dose is split and given once in 3 days for the entire crop period through fertigation as detailed below.
Total
Nutrient applied
% of requirement
Duration Fertilizer
Fertilizer
Stage
in days
grade
N
P
K
N
P
K
(kg/ha)
19:19:19 26.30
7.50
5.00 5.00
10.00 5.00 10.00
Sowing
13:0:45
5.50
11.10 5.00
to plant
1
10
Urea
25.65
29.48 establishment
stage
Subtotal 20.00 5.00 10.00
12:61:0
16.39
1.97
10.00 40.00 10.00 40.00
Flower
13:0:45
88.88
11.55 40.00
2 initiation to
30
Urea
144.52
66.48 flowering stage
Subtotal 80.00 10.00 40.00
19:19:19 26.30
5.00
5.00 5.00
30.00 5.00 30.00
13.0:45
55.55
7.22
25.00
Flowering to
3
30
Urea
103.87
47.78 fruit set
Subtotal 60.00 5.00 30.00
12:61:0
8.20
0.98
5.00 20.00 5.00 20.00
13:0:45
44.44
5.78
20.00
Alternate day
4
30
Urea
72.26
33.24 from picking
Subtotal 40.00 5.00 20.00
Total duration
100
200.00 25.00 100.00 100
25
100
The total quantity of the requirement of 19:19:19 is 54 kg, 12:61:0 is 25 kg, 13:0:45 is 200 kg and Urea is 350 kg per ha.
Crop stage
5. Ash gourd and Pumkin
Fertigation
For Pumpkin, a dose of 60:30:30 kg NPK/ha is applied throughout the cropping period through split application. In phosphorous, 75% of the phosphorous is
applied as super phosphate as basal dose.
Fertigation Schedule- Ash gourd (Hybrid)
Recommended Dose: 200:100:100 kg/ha
Total
Duration Fertilizer
Crop stage
Fertilizer
Stage
in days
grade
(kg/ha)
19:19:19 + 26.81
11.00
Crop
13-0-45
29.03
1 establishment
10
Urea
stage
Subtotal
12-61-0
12.28
13-0-45
66.00
Vegetative
2
30
Urea
109.00
stage
Subtotal
12-61-0
12.28
Flower
13-0-45
44.00
3 initiation to
30
Urea
115.00
first picking
Subtotal
19:19:19 + 26.31
Harvesting
78.00
4
45
stage
13-0-45
97.52
Urea
Total duration 115 days
Subtotal
Total
*75% RD of Phosphorus applied as superphosphate = 469 Kg/ha.
1. 19:19:19 = 53 kg/ha
Nutrient applied
N
% of requirement
P
K
N
P
5.00
5.00
5.00
1.43
13.35
19.78
1.47
8.58
50.14
60.19
1.47
5.72
52.90
60.09
5.00
10.14
44.86
5.00
7.50
7.50
7.50
7.50
5.00
-
4.95
9.95
30.00 7.5
29.70
60.00
200.06
5.00 40.10
25.00 100.00 100
10.00 5.00
29.70
30.00 7.5
19.80
19.80
5.00 30.00 5.00
35.10
-
25
K
10.00
30.00
20.00
40.00
100
2. 13:0:45 = 199kg/ha
3. 12:61:0 = 25 kg/ha
4. Urea = 351 kg/ha
6. Bitter Gourd
Fertigation
For Bitter gourd, a dose of 200:100:100 kg NPK/ha is applied throughout the cropping period through split application. Fertigation is done once in every third day
from date of sowing or transplanting.
Fertigation Schedule- Bitter gourd (Hybrid)
Recommended Dose: 200:100:100 kg/ha
Stage
1
2
Crop stage
Crop
establishment
stage
Vegetative
stage
3
Flower
initiation to
first picking
4
Harvesting
stage
Total
Duration Fertilizer
Fertilizer
in days
grade
(kg/ha)
19:19:19 + 26.81
11.00
13-0-45
29.03
10
Urea
Subtotal
12-61-0
12.28
13-0-45
66.00
30
Urea
109.00
Subtotal
12-61-0
12.28
13-0-45
44.00
30
Urea
115.00
Subtotal
19:19:19 + 26.31
45
13-0-45
78.00
Nutrient applied
N
% of requirement
P
K
N
5.00
5.00
5.00
1.43
13.35
19.78
1.47
8.58
50.14
60.19
1.47
5.72
52.90
60.09
5.00
5.00
7.50
7.50
7.50
7.50
5.00
4.95
9.95
30.00 7.5
29.70
10.14
-
35.10
P
10.00 5.00
29.70
30.00 7.5
19.80
19.80
5.00 30.00 5.00
K
10.00
30.00
20.00
40.00
Urea
Total duration 115 days
97.52
Subtotal
Total
*75% RD of Phosphorus applied as superphosphate = 469 Kg/ha.
44.86
60.00
200.06
5.00 40.10
25.00 100.00 100
25
100
1. 19:19:19 = 53 kg/ha
2. 13:0:45 = 199kg/ha
3. 12:61:0 = 25 kg/ha
4. Urea = 351 kg/ha
7. Ribbed gourd
Fertigation
For Ribbed gourd, a dose of 200:100:100 kg NPK/ha is applied throughout the cropping period through split application. Fertigation is done for every third day
after transplanting or direct sowing.
Fertigation Schedule- Ribbed gourd (Hybrid)
Recommended Dose: 200:100:100 kg/ha
Stage
Crop stage
Total
Nutrient applied
Duration Fertilizer
Fertilizer
in days
grade
N
P
K
(kg/ha)
19:19:19 26.81
5.00
5.00 5.00
1
Crop
establishment
stage
10
2
Vegetative
stage
30
13-0-45
Urea
12-61-0
13-0-45
Urea
11.00
29.03
Subtotal
12.28
66.00
109.00
1.43
13.35
19.78
1.47
8.58
50.14
5.00
7.50
-
% of requirement
N
P
10.00 5.00
4.95
9.95
30.00 7.5
29.70
-
K
10.00
30.00
3
Flower
initiation to
first picking
4
Harvesting
stage
30
12-61-0
13-0-45
Urea
19:19:19
45
13-0-45
Urea
Total duration 115 days
Total
*75% RD of Phosphorus applied as superphosphate = 469 Kg/ha.
Subtotal
12.28
44.00
115.00
Subtotal
26.31
60.19
1.47
5.72
52.90
60.09
5.00
7.50
7.50
7.50
5.00
29.70
30.00 7.5
19.80
19.80
5.00 30.00 5.00
78.00
97.52
Subtotal
10.14
44.86
60.00
200.06
5.00
25.00
35.10
40.10
100.00 100
1. 19:19:19 = 53 kg/ha
2. 13:0:45 = 199kg/ha
3. 12:61:0 = 25 kg/ha
4. Urea = 351 kg/ha
8. Snake Gourd
Fertigation
For snake gourd a dose of 75:100:100 kg NPK/ha is applied throughout the cropping period through split application.
25
20.00
40.00
100
9. Watermelon
Fertigation
For watermelon / muskmelon a dose of 200: 100: 100 kg NPK/ha is applied throughout the cropping period through split application.
Fertigation Schedule- Watermelon
Recommended Dose: 200:100:100 kg/ha
Stage
Crop stage
1
Crop
establishment
stage
2
Vegetative
stage
3
Flower
initiation to
first picking
4
Harvesting
stage
Total
Nutrient applied
Duration Fertilizer
Fertilizer
in days
grade
N
P
K
(kg/ha)
19:19:19 26.81
5.00
5.00 5.00
10
30
30
13-0-45
Urea
12-61-0
13-0-45
Urea
12-61-0
13-0-45
Urea
19:19:19
45
13-0-45
Urea
Total duration 115 days
Total
*75% RD of Phosphorus applied as superphosphate = 469 Kg/ha.
1. 19:19:19 = 53 kg/ha
% of requirement
N
P
10.00 5.00
11.00
29.03
Subtotal
12.28
66.00
109.00
Subtotal
12.28
44.00
115.00
Subtotal
26.31
1.43
13.35
19.78
1.47
8.58
50.14
60.19
1.47
5.72
52.90
60.09
5.00
5.00
7.50
7.50
7.50
7.50
5.00
4.95
9.95
30.00 7.5
29.70
78.00
97.52
Subtotal
10.14
44.86
60.00
200.06
5.00
25.00
35.10
40.10
100.00 100
29.70
30.00 7.5
19.80
19.80
5.00 30.00 5.00
25
K
10.00
30.00
20.00
40.00
100
2. 13:0:45 = 199kg/ha
3. 12:61:0 = 25 kg/ha
4. Urea = 351 kg/ha
10. Aggregatum onion
Fertigation
The nutrient requirement is 60:60:.30 kg of NPK per ha. 75 % of P (45 kg P which comes to 281 kg of superphosphate) is applied as basal. The remaining
quantity of 60:15:30 kg of NPK per ha is applied through fertigation. Every day irrigation should be given for one hour. Along with this, water soluble fertilizers have
to be given. This dose is split and given once in 3 days for the entire crop period through fertigation.
Stage
Duration in
days
Fertilizer grade Total Fertilizer (kg/ha)
10
19:19:19
Urea
15.9
6.00
25
12-61-0
13-0-45
Urea
7.2
13.6
33.6
3
25
12-61-0
0:0:50
Urea
7.2
18.4
37.6
4
15
19:19:19
0:0:50
Urea
16.00
18.00
33.00
1
2
The total quantity of the requirement of 19:19:19 is 32 kg, 12:61:0 is 15 kg, 13:0:45 is 14 kg, 0:0:50 is 36 kg and Urea is 111 kg per ha.
11. Cabbage
Fertigation
The nutrient requirement for hybrids is 200:125:150 kg of NPK per ha. 75 % of P (93.75 kg P which comes to 586 kg of superphosphate) is applied as
basal. The remaining quantity of 200:31.25:150 kg of NPK per ha is applied through fertigation. Every day irrigation should be given for one hour. Along with this,
water soluble fertilizers have to be given. This dose is split and given once in 3 days for the entire crop period through fertigation as detailed below.
Stage
Crop stage
Duration in Fertilizer
days
grade
Nutrient supplied
N
P
K
% requirement
N
P
6.25
6.25 6.25
10.00
5.00
2.52
8.74
1
11.21
19.98
6.25 14.99
12-61-0
2.44
12.50 40.00
10.00
13-0-45
17.32
59.94
Head initiation
2
30
Urea
60.14
stage
79.90
12.50 59.54
19:19:19
6.25
6.25 6.25
30.00
5.00
Head initiation to
13-0.45
11.18
38.71
3 development
30
Urea
42.49
stage
59.92
6.25 44.96
12-61-0
1.22
6.25 20.00
5.00
Harvesting
4
35
13-0-45
8.66
29.97
stage
Urea
30.07
Total duration 105
39.95
6.25 29.97
199.75 31.25 149.85
Total
(or)
(or)
100
25
200.00
150.00
The total quantity of the requirement of 19:19:19 is 66 kg, 12:61:0 is 31 kg, 13:0:45 is 305 kg and Urea is 313 kg per ha.
Transplanting to
plant
10
establishment
19:19:19
13-0-45
Urea
Total
fertilizer
(kg/ha)
32.87
19.42
24.36
Subtotal
20.37
133.20
130.74
Subtotal
32.87
86.02
92.37
Subtotal
10.18
66.60
65.38
Subtotal
K
10.00
40.00
30.00
20.00
100
3. Potato
Fertigation
For potato, 120: 240: 120 kg NPK/ha is applied throughout the cropping period in every once in three days interval.75% of the phosphorous in the
recommendation is applied as super phosphate as a basal dose.
Fertigation schedule: Potato (Variety) Recommended dose: 120:240:120 kg/ha
No.
Crop Stage
1
Planting to crop
establishment
2
3
4
Vegetative stage
Tuber formation stage
Tuber development
stage
Duration in
days
20
30
35
35
Fertilizer
grade
Total fertilizer
(kg/ha)
Nutrient supplied
N
P
19:19:19
63.15
12.00
12-61-0 130.45 Urea
subtotal
39.34 106.67
63.82
subtotal
12.00
4.72 13.87
29.36
47.95
63.15
12.00
53.33 37.04
6.93 17.04
subtotal
19.67 53.33
31.92
Sub total
Total
35.97
2.36 6.93
14.68
23.97
119.89
19:19:19
13-0-45
Urea
12-61-0 130-45 Urea
K
% Requirement
N
P
K
12.00
12.00
10.00
5.00
10.00
12.00
24.00 24.00
12.00
12.00
30.00
10.00
30.00
40.00
5.00
30.00
- 24.00 -
20.00
5.00
30.00
24.00
120.0 0
100
25
100.00
12.00
12.00 12.00
60.00
- 48.00 48.00
12.00
24.00 36.00
75% RD of Phosphorus applied as superphosphate = 1125 kg/ha as basal dose. In hills rock phosphate is the source for P
1. 19:19:19 = 126 kg/ha
2. 13:0:45=213kg/ha
3. 12:61:0=59kg
14. Tapioca
Fertigation
For tapioca, a dose of 90:90:240/ha is applied through out the cropping period as split application. Irrigate the field through drip system daily for one hour.
Fertigation schedule: Tapioca (variety)
S. No
1
2
3
4
Crop Stage
Duration in
Days
Fertilizer Grade
Planting to crop
establishmentstage
20
19:19:19
13-0-45
0-0-50
70
12-61-0
13-0-45 Urea
60
12-61-0
0-0-50
Urea
Tuber development
stage
90
19:19:19
0-0-50
Urea
Total duration
240
Vegetative stage
Tuber formation
stage
Total
75% RD of Phosphorus applied as superphosphate 421.88 kg/ha.
Total Fertilizer
(kg/ha)
Nutrient supplied
N
P
% Requirement
K
N
P
K
4.48 15.60
3.93
10.00
5.00
10.00
30.00
7.5
20.00
30.00
7.5
30.00
30.00
5.00
40.00
100
25
100
23.57 34.67
7.87
4.48 4.50
-
subtotal
8.98
11.40 105.33
26.80
1.34 13.69
12.33
subtotal
27.36
4.48
4.48
6.80
6.80
11.40 144.00
55.73
1.34
- 25.64
6.80 -
- 72.00 -
subtotal
26.98
6.80
72.00
23.57 182.67
48.87
sub total
4.48
- 22.48
26.96
90.28 (or)
90
4.48 4.48
22.56(or
)22.50
4.48 92.34
96.82
240.2 2
(or)24 0
24.01
- 47.39 47.39
19:19:19 = 47. kg / ha
0:0:50 = 335kg / ha
13:0:45 = 140kg/ha
Urea = 132kg/ha
12:61:0 = 23kg/ha
Chlorosis: Foliar spray of1% FeSO4 + 0.5%
ZnSO4 at 60 and 90 DAP.
PRECISION PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGIES IN FRUIT CROPS
15.Banana Production Technology
Application of fertilizers
Details
Fertilizers g/plant/year
N
P
Apply N as Neem coated urea.
3rd,
5th
planting.
and
7th
Apply
month,
20g
of
Phosphobacteria at planting
(This should be applied prior to
Garden land
Varieties other than Nendran
Nendran
Wet land
Nendran, Rasthali
Poovan,Robusta
110*
150
210
210
160
35*
90
35
50
50
K
330*
300
450
390
390
Apply N and K in 3 splits on
Phosphorous at 3rd month of
Azospirillum110*
and
150
35*
and five months after planting
chemical fertilizer
210 application).
160
50
* For Tissue culture banana, apply 50% extra fertilizers at 2nd, 4th, 6th and 8th month after planting.
Fertigation

For maximizing productivity follow fertigation technique - Apply 25 litres of water / day + 200:30:300 g N: P 2O5: K2O / plant using water soluble fertilizers.

For economizing the cost of fertilizers, fertigate using normal fertilizers (Urea and Muriate of potash) with 50% of the recommended dose along with
recommended dose of phosphorus as basal at 2nd month after planting. Fertigate at weekly intervals as per the following schedule:
Fertigation schedule
Weeks after
planting
9-18 (10 weeks)
19-30 (12 weeks)
31-42 (12 weeks)
43-45 (3 weeks)
Total
N (% )
30
50
20
-100
P2O5 (% )
100
---100
K2O (%)
20
40
32
8
100
After cultivation technology
Garden Land: Give mammutti digging at bi-monthly intervals and earth up. Prune the suckers at monthly intervals. The dry and diseased leaves are
removed and burnt to control the spread of leaf spot diseases. Male flowers may be removed a week after opening of last hand. The plants at flowering may be
propped. Cover the peduncle with flag leaf to prevent stalk end rot. Cover the bunches with banana leaves to avoid sun scald.
Wet land: Form trenches in between alternate rows and cross trenches at every 5th row. The trenches are periodically deepened and the soil is spread
over the bed. Surface diggings may be given at bi-monthly intervals and desuckering at monthly intervals. Remove the male flower a week after opening of last
hand. Prop plants at or prior to flowering. Cover the peduncle with flag leaf and the bunch with leaves to avoid sun scald.
For ratoon crops, in respect of
Poovan, Monthan and Rasthali allow the follower at flowering of the mother plant and remove the other suckers at harvest.
Growth regulators
To improve the grade of bunches, 2,4-D at 25 ppm (25 mg / lit.) may be sprayed in Poovan and CO 1 banana after the last hand has opened. This will
also help to remove seediness in Poovan variety. Spray CCC 1000 ppm at 4th and 6th month after planting. Spray Plantozyme @ 2ml / l at 6th and 8th month
after planting to get higher yield.
Micronutrients: Spray micronutrients viz., ZnSO4 (0.5%), FeSO4 (0.2%), CuSO4(0.2%) and H3BO3 (0.1%) at 3rd, 5th and 7th MAP to increase yield and quality of
banana.
Bunch cover: Use transparent polyethylene sleeves with 2% (during cool season) and 4% (during summer season) ventilation to cover the bunches immediately
after opening of the last hand
Inter cropping: Leguminous vegetables, Beet root, Elephant foot yam and Sun hemp. Avoid growing Cucurbitaceous vegetables.
Kottaivazhai in Poovan: Spray 2,4 - D @ 25 ppm within 20 days after opening of last hand (1 g / 40 lit / 200 bunches) or 1.2 g of Sodium salt of 2,4 - D dissolved in 40
lit of water for 200 bunches.
Crop duration: The bunches will be ready for harvest after 12 to 15 months of planting. Harvest: Bunches attain maturity from 100 to 150 days after flowering
depending on variety, soil, weather condition and altitude.
Yield (t / ha / year):
Poovan & Rasthali
Monthan
Ney Poovan
Robusta
Grand Naine
:40 - 50 t / ha
: 30 - 40 t / ha
:30 - 35 t / ha
:50 - 60 t / ha
:70 - 80 t / ha; under HDP: 115-130 t / ha
TC Banana in polybags and field view after planting
Grand Naine banana at harvest stage
PRECISION PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGIES IN SPICES
16. Turmeric
Botanical name :CurcumalongaLin.
Family: Zingiberaceae
Fertigation
The nutrient requirement is 150:60:108 kg of NPK per ha. 75 % of P (45 kg P which comes to 281 kg of superphosphate) is applied as basal. The
remaining quantity of 150:15:108 kg of NPK per ha is applied through fertigation. Every day irrigation should be given for one hour. Along with this, water soluble
fertilizers have to be given. This dose is split and given once in 3 days for the entire crop period through fertigation as detailed below.
Stage
Crop Stage
Duration Nutrients requirement
(in days)
(%)
1
Planting to establishment stage
15
10
20
10
2
Vegetative stage
60
40
30
20
Quantity applied
(kg/ha)
19:19:19
15.78
Multi K
17.33
Urea
21.20
19:19:19
9.83
Multi K
96.00
3
Rhizome initiation stage
60
30
30
30
4
Rhizome maturation stage
135
20
20
40
Total Duration
270
100
100
100
Urea
19:19:19
Multi K
Urea
19:19:19
Multi K
Urea
100.57
4.91
71.28
76.29
15.78
40.42
47.06
.
PRECISION PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGIES IN FLOWER CROPS
17. JASMINE
Gundumalli - Jasminum sambac Ait.; Oleaceae
100% of the recommended dose of fertilizers are applied through fertigation in splits at weekly intervals. For soil application in conventional method,
straight fertilizers like SSP, Urea, DAP, MOP etc are used. But for fertigation, water soluble fertilizers life Poly-feed (19:19:19), KNO3 (13:0:45), Urea, Mono
Ammonium Phosphate (12:61:0), Sulphate of Potash etc.,are used.
Fertigation schedule (100% RDF – 500:1000:1000 kg/ha)
S. No
Crop stage
1
Planting to establishment
stage
(1st – 4th week) (Sep.)
2.
3
4.
Duration in
weeks
4
Vegetative stage
(5th – 20th week) (Oct.Jan.)
16
Flowering & Harvesting
stage
(21st – 42nd week) (Feb.May)
Rest period
(42nd – 52nd week) (JuneAug.)
20
Total
52
12
Total fertilizer
(kg /ha)
132
166
7.2
Sub total
395
800
22
Sub total
658
833
108
Sub total
132
166
7.2
Sub total
--
Fertilizer grade
19:19:19
13:0:45
Urea
19:19:19
13:0:45
Urea
19:19:19
13:0:45
Urea
19:19:19
13:0:45
Urea
N
25
22
3.3
50
75
65
10
150
125
108
16
250
25
22
3.3
50
500
Nutrient supplied
P
K
25
25
-75
--25
100
75
75
-225
--75
300
125
125
-375
--125
500
25
25
-75
--25
100
250
1000
75% recommended ‘P’ applied as super phosphate = 4600 Kg/ha (Basal dose)
Abstract
S. No
1
2
3
4
Biofertilizer
Fertilizer
*75 % of P applied as super phosphate
19:19:19
13:0:45
Urea
Quantity required (kg/ha)
736kg x 6.25 =4600
1317
1965
144.4
N
% requirement
P
K
10
10
10
30
30
30
50
50
50
10
10
10
100
100
100
18. ROSE (Rosa sp)
Family: Rosaceae
Manuring
After pruning in October and again in July the plants are manured with FYM 10 kg and fertilized with 178:178:356kg of NPK per ha. Fertigation is given once
in a week as per schedule.
Fertigation schedule
Recommended dose of fertilizer: 178:178: 356 kg/ha (75 % of p is applied as basal)
S. No
Crop stage
1
Planting to establishment
stage (1 to 4 weeks)
2
Vegetative stage (5-8 weeks)
Duration in
weeks
4
4
3
4
Flowering & harvesting stage
(9-30 weeks)
Flowering & harvesting stage
(9-30 weeks)
22
22
Total
Fertilizer grade
19:19:19
13-0-45 +
Urea
19:19:19
13-0-45 +
Urea
19:19:19
13-0-45 +
Urea
19:19:19
13-0-45 +
Urea
Total
fertilizer
(kg/ha )
23.42
69.15
9.46
23.42
69.15
9.46
93.68
276.60
37.84
93.68
276.60
37.84
Nutrient supplied
% requirement
N
P
K
N
P
K
17.80
4.45
35.60
10.00
10.00
10.00
17.80
4.45
35.60
10.00
10.00
10.00
71.20
17.80
142.40
40.00
40.00
40.00
71.20
17.80
142.40
40.00
40.00
40.00
178.00
44.50
356.00
100
100
100
Abstract:
S. No
1
2
3
4
Fertilizer
*75 % of P applied as super phosphate
19:19:19
13:0:45
Urea
19.TUBEROSE
Quantity required (kg/ha)
133.50 kgx 6.25 =834
234.20 or 235.00
691.50 or 692.00
94.60 or 95
Manuring
The following fertigation schedule can be followed for improving yield & quality of flowers.
FERTIGATION SCHEDULE FOR TUBEROSE PER HECTARE
Recommended Dose: 200:200:200 kg/ha
S.
NO
Crop stage
1.
100% of TRD: 200:50:200 kg/ha
Duration
in Days
Fertilizer
Grade
Bulb planting to
establishment
1-3 weeks
(3 weeks)
19:19:19
13:0:45
Urea
2.
Vegetative stage
4-13
weeks
(9 weeks)
19:19:19
13:0:45
Urea
3.
Spike emergence
and flowering
stage
14-52
weeks
(40
weeks)
52 weeks
19:19:19
13:0:45
Urea
Total
-
Total
Fertilizer
(kg/ha)
26
33
24
Total
53
111
121
Total
184
189
88
Total
-
N
5
4.33
10.64
20
10
14.14
55.56
80
35
25
40
100
200
Nutrient supplied
P
5
5
10
10
35
35
50
K
5
5
10
50
60
35
85
120
200
% Requirement
N
P
10
10
K
10
40
20
30
50
70
60
100
100
100
Abstract
S. NO
1.
2.
3.
4.
Fertilizer
75% of RD of P applied as Super Phosphate
19:19:19
13:0:45
Urea
Quantity required
150 x 6.25= 937.50 kg/ha
263 kg/ha
333 kg/ha
233 kg/ha
20. MARIGOLD (AFRICAN MARIGOLD)
Tagetes erecta L.; Asteraceae
Fertigation schedule
Recommended dose of fertilizer: 90:90: 75 kg/ha (75 % of P is applied as Super phosohate)
S.
No
Crop stage
Durati
on in
days
1
Transplanting
to
establishment
stage
20
2
Vegetative
stage
55
3
Flowering stage
45
Total
120
Fertilizer grade
19:19:19 +
MN 13-0-45 +
Urea
Subtotal
Total
fertilizer
(kg/ha )
11.80
11.70
11.60
Nutrient supplied
% requirement
N
P
K
2.25
1.50
5.25
9.00
2.25
0
0
2.25
2.25
5.25
0
7.50
19:19:19 +
MN 13-0-45 +
Urea
Subtotal
47.30
46.60
46.60
9.00
6.00
15.00
36.0
9.00
0
0
9.00
9.00
21.00
0
30.00
19:19:19 +
MN 13-0-45 +
Urea
Subtotal
59.20
58.30
57.50
11.25
7.50
26.25
45.0
11.25
0
0
11.25
11.25
26.25
0
37.5
90.00
22.50
75
N
P
K
10.00
10.0
0
10.
00
40.00
40.0
0
40.
00
50.00
50.0
0
50.
00
100
100
10
0
Abstract:
S. No
1
2
3
4
Fertilizer
*75 % of P applied as super phosphate
19:19:19
13:0:45
Urea
Quantity required (kg/ha)
422
118.30
116.60
115.70
Nutrition:
Fertigation schedule - Recommended dose of fertilizer: 100:200:200 kg/ha (75% of ‘P’ is applied basally as super phosphate)
S.
No
Crop stage
1
Transplanting to
establishment stage
15
Vegetative stage
(5-8 weeks)
35
2
3
Flowering stage
Total
Duration in
days
55
105
Fertilizer grade
19:19:19 +
MN 13-0-45 +
Urea
19:19:19 +
MN 13-0-45 +
Urea
19:19:19 +
MN 13-0-45 +
Urea
-
Total
fertilizer
(kg/ha )
26.30
33.00
1.56
105.20
132.00
6.24
131.50
165.00
7.80
-
Nutrient supplied
% requirement
N
P
K
N
P
K
10.00
5.00
20.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
40.00
20.00
80.00
40.00
40.00
40.00
25.00
25.00
100.00
50.00
50.00
50.00
100.00
50.00
200.00
100
100
100
Abstract:
S. No
1
2
3
4
Fertilizer
*75 % of P applied as super phosphate
19:19:19
13:0:45
Urea
Quantity required (kg/ha)
150.00 kg x 6.25 =937.50
263.00
330.00
16.00

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