Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, C-Ware,... he Energy Efficient Solutions logo, mobileGT, PowerQUICC, QorIQ, StarCore and...

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TM
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, C-Ware, t
he Energy Efficient Solutions logo, mobileGT, PowerQUICC, QorIQ, StarCore and Symphony
are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc., Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. BeeKit, BeeStack,
ColdFire+, CoreNet, Flexis, Kinetis, MXC, Platform in a Package, Processor Expert, QorIQ
Qonverge, Qorivva, QUICC Engine, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, VortiQa and Xtrinsic are trademarks
of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All other product or service names are the property
of their respective owners. © 2014 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
•
Network Function Virtualization
• I/O Virtualization Mechanisms
• Vhost-net Details
• NFV with virtio
−
Issues
− Workaround
•
Proposed Architecture
TM
2
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, mobileGT, PowerQUICC, QorIQ, StarCore
and Symphony are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc., Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. BeeKit, BeeStack, ColdFire+, CoreNet, Flexis, Kinetis, MXC, Platform in a
Package, Processor Expert, QorIQ Qonverge, Qorivva, QUICC Engine, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, VortiQa and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2014 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
Network Function Virtualization
TM
3
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, mobileGT, PowerQUICC, QorIQ, StarCore
and Symphony are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc., Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. BeeKit, BeeStack, ColdFire+, CoreNet, Flexis, Kinetis, MXC, Platform in a
Package, Processor Expert, QorIQ Qonverge, Qorivva, QUICC Engine, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, VortiQa and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2014 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
•
Dynamic network service launch restricted by existing
hardware
− Increased
•
New infrastructure = Increased power requirement
− Increased
•
capital investment
cost of energy
Shorter procure-design-integrate-deploy cycle due to
rapidly evolving hardware
− Shorter
TM
hardware lifecycles
4
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, mobileGT, PowerQUICC, QorIQ, StarCore
and Symphony are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc., Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. BeeKit, BeeStack, ColdFire+, CoreNet, Flexis, Kinetis, MXC, Platform in a
Package, Processor Expert, QorIQ Qonverge, Qorivva, QUICC Engine, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, VortiQa and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2014 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
•
Allows for dynamic network service launch
− Reduces
•
•
time for deploying new network services
Same infrastructure can be used/shared for hosting
multiple services
− Reduced
capital investment
− Reduced
cost of energy
Offers Agility and Flexibility
− Quickly
−
scale up or down services based on the demand
Reduces time to deploy new networking services
TM
5
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, mobileGT, PowerQUICC, QorIQ, StarCore
and Symphony are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc., Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. BeeKit, BeeStack, ColdFire+, CoreNet, Flexis, Kinetis, MXC, Platform in a
Package, Processor Expert, QorIQ Qonverge, Qorivva, QUICC Engine, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, VortiQa and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2014 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
•
Network Functions
− Data
plane and Control plane:
Firewall, VPN , UTM etc.
Network
Function
•
Network
Function
Network
Function
Virtualization
− Hypervisors:
KVM,
VMWare
Workstation, VirtualBox etc.
OS
•
IT virtualization technology to
consolidate network equipment .
OS
OS
Hypervisor
hardware
TM
6
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, mobileGT, PowerQUICC, QorIQ, StarCore
and Symphony are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc., Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. BeeKit, BeeStack, ColdFire+, CoreNet, Flexis, Kinetis, MXC, Platform in a
Package, Processor Expert, QorIQ Qonverge, Qorivva, QUICC Engine, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, VortiQa and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2014 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
Server
Server
Pkt
Pkt
Pkt
VM1
VM2
VM3
VM1
VM4
NFVM
VM3
VM4
Pkt
Switch
Switch
Hypervisor
Hypervisor
Shared NIC
Shared NIC
Pkt
NFVM1 NFVM2 NFVM3 NFVM4
Pkt
Pkt
Switch
Hypervisor
Shared NIC
Network Appliance
Pkt
TM
7
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, mobileGT, PowerQUICC, QorIQ, StarCore
and Symphony are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc., Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. BeeKit, BeeStack, ColdFire+, CoreNet, Flexis, Kinetis, MXC, Platform in a
Package, Processor Expert, QorIQ Qonverge, Qorivva, QUICC Engine, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, VortiQa and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2014 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
I/O Virtualization Mechanisms
TM
8
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, mobileGT, PowerQUICC, QorIQ, StarCore
and Symphony are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc., Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. BeeKit, BeeStack, ColdFire+, CoreNet, Flexis, Kinetis, MXC, Platform in a
Package, Processor Expert, QorIQ Qonverge, Qorivva, QUICC Engine, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, VortiQa and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2014 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
Guest OS
Guest OS
Para-drivers
Traps
Hypervisor
(Full Virtualization)
Interfaces
Hypervisor
(ParaVirtualization)
Device
Emulation
Hardware
TM
Device
Emulation
Hardware
9
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, mobileGT, PowerQUICC, QorIQ, StarCore
and Symphony are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc., Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. BeeKit, BeeStack, ColdFire+, CoreNet, Flexis, Kinetis, MXC, Platform in a
Package, Processor Expert, QorIQ Qonverge, Qorivva, QUICC Engine, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, VortiQa and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2014 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
Guest OS
Front end drivers
Virtio
Back end Drivers
HV (Para)
Device Emulation
virtqueues
TM
10
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, mobileGT, PowerQUICC, QorIQ, StarCore
and Symphony are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc., Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. BeeKit, BeeStack, ColdFire+, CoreNet, Flexis, Kinetis, MXC, Platform in a
Package, Processor Expert, QorIQ Qonverge, Qorivva, QUICC Engine, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, VortiQa and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2014 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
virtqueue layout
virtqueue operations
TM
11
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, mobileGT, PowerQUICC, QorIQ, StarCore
and Symphony are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc., Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. BeeKit, BeeStack, ColdFire+, CoreNet, Flexis, Kinetis, MXC, Platform in a
Package, Processor Expert, QorIQ Qonverge, Qorivva, QUICC Engine, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, VortiQa and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2014 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
Partition 2
Partition 1
► Each
guest sees a private VirtIO
network device on PCI bus
► VirtIO network driver is needed in
guest
► Standard tun/tap interface is used by
QEMU to bridge to host network
stack
► QEMU is involved in every operation
App
App
App
OS
QEMU
QEMU
OS
tun/tap
Bridge
eth0
network
stack
Linux Kernel / KVM
Hardware
TM
12
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, mobileGT, PowerQUICC, QorIQ, StarCore
and Symphony are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc., Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. BeeKit, BeeStack, ColdFire+, CoreNet, Flexis, Kinetis, MXC, Platform in a
Package, Processor Expert, QorIQ Qonverge, Qorivva, QUICC Engine, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, VortiQa and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2014 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.

Vhost-net is a module in
Partition 2
Partition 1
Linux Kernel.
App
App

Vhost does not emulate a
App
OS
complete VirtIO PCI.


Limited to transferring buffers
between host and guest.
QEMU
QEMU
vhost
Linux Kernel /
tun/tap
KVM
Bypasses QEMU for virtqueue
operations
OS
Bridge
eth0
Hardware
Linux Kernel / KVM
TM
13
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, mobileGT, PowerQUICC, QorIQ, StarCore
and Symphony are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc., Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. BeeKit, BeeStack, ColdFire+, CoreNet, Flexis, Kinetis, MXC, Platform in a
Package, Processor Expert, QorIQ Qonverge, Qorivva, QUICC Engine, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, VortiQa and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2014 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
Vhost-net Details
TM
14
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, mobileGT, PowerQUICC, QorIQ, StarCore
and Symphony are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc., Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. BeeKit, BeeStack, ColdFire+, CoreNet, Flexis, Kinetis, MXC, Platform in a
Package, Processor Expert, QorIQ Qonverge, Qorivva, QUICC Engine, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, VortiQa and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2014 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
Guest
VNIC
RX vq
TX vq
Linux Kernel/KVM
vhost thread
Tap
Ethernet
Driver
Bridge
NIC
TM
15
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, mobileGT, PowerQUICC, QorIQ, StarCore
and Symphony are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc., Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. BeeKit, BeeStack, ColdFire+, CoreNet, Flexis, Kinetis, MXC, Platform in a
Package, Processor Expert, QorIQ Qonverge, Qorivva, QUICC Engine, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, VortiQa and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2014 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
QEMU
Context
Misc Open
Vhost_net_open
Vhost _dev _init
Both these calls are made for
both Tx and Rx virtqueue
associated with vhost device
vhost_dev
vhost_virtqueue[2]
vhost_poll[2]
vhost_virtqueue
worker
work_list
Vhost _poll_init
wait_queue_head
kick_function
Vhost_work_init
TM
17
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, mobileGT, PowerQUICC, QorIQ, StarCore
and Symphony are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc., Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. BeeKit, BeeStack, ColdFire+, CoreNet, Flexis, Kinetis, MXC, Platform in a
Package, Processor Expert, QorIQ Qonverge, Qorivva, QUICC Engine, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, VortiQa and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2014 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
User Space
QEMU
ioctl
vhost_dev_ioctl
 A worker thread is
created per vhost
instance
Kernel Space
kthread_create
 This thread is responsible for
handling both Rx and Tx jobs
prior to one vhost device
TM
18
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, mobileGT, PowerQUICC, QorIQ, StarCore
and Symphony are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc., Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. BeeKit, BeeStack, ColdFire+, CoreNet, Flexis, Kinetis, MXC, Platform in a
Package, Processor Expert, QorIQ Qonverge, Qorivva, QUICC Engine, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, VortiQa and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2014 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
RX Packet Flow
TM
19
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, mobileGT, PowerQUICC, QorIQ, StarCore
and Symphony are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc., Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. BeeKit, BeeStack, ColdFire+, CoreNet, Flexis, Kinetis, MXC, Platform in a
Package, Processor Expert, QorIQ Qonverge, Qorivva, QUICC Engine, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, VortiQa and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2014 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
START
raise_softirq_irqoff
qman_p_poll_dqrr
Hardware Interrupt
irq_exit
Interrupt Handler
do_softirq
other routines
Other Routines
net_rx_action
netif_receive_skb
napi_schedule
TM
dpaa_eth_poll
20
priv_rx_default_dqrr
A
Softirq
Hardirq
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, mobileGT, PowerQUICC, QorIQ, StarCore
and Symphony are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc., Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. BeeKit, BeeStack, ColdFire+, CoreNet, Flexis, Kinetis, MXC, Platform in a
Package, Processor Expert, QorIQ Qonverge, Qorivva, QUICC Engine, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, VortiQa and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2014 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
A
dev_hard_start_xmit
br_handle_frame
Bridge
Handling
of skb
tun_net_xmit
br_handle_frame_finish
skb_queue_tail
Tun
receives
the skb
and
queues it
br_forward
wakeup_poll
br_dev_queue_push_xmit
This is going to wake up
tun_chr_poll
dev_queue_xmit
TM
Softirq
21
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, mobileGT, PowerQUICC, QorIQ, StarCore
and Symphony are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc., Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. BeeKit, BeeStack, ColdFire+, CoreNet, Flexis, Kinetis, MXC, Platform in a
Package, Processor Expert, QorIQ Qonverge, Qorivva, QUICC Engine, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, VortiQa and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2014 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
QEMU
User Space
ioctls
Kernel Space
Vhost_poll_start()
vhost_poll_wakeup()
Poll()
True
vhost_poll_queue()
POLLIN
or
POLLOUT
vhost_work_queue()
Returns
-EINVAL
Event
Returns
mask
TM
False
22
wakeup
vhost_worker
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, mobileGT, PowerQUICC, QorIQ, StarCore
and Symphony are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc., Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. BeeKit, BeeStack, ColdFire+, CoreNet, Flexis, Kinetis, MXC, Platform in a
Package, Processor Expert, QorIQ Qonverge, Qorivva, QUICC Engine, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, VortiQa and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2014 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
START
True
kthread_should_stop
schedule
RX processing
False
True
Return
need_
schedule
False
list_empty
False
Work dequeued
and handle_kick()
is called
True
TM
23
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, mobileGT, PowerQUICC, QorIQ, StarCore
and Symphony are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc., Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. BeeKit, BeeStack, ColdFire+, CoreNet, Flexis, Kinetis, MXC, Platform in a
Package, Processor Expert, QorIQ Qonverge, Qorivva, QUICC Engine, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, VortiQa and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2014 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
Return
vhost_worker()
Poll
False
True
handle_rx()
False
Total bytes
received >=
Vhost Budget
False
sock_len
Return
True
vhost_get_vq_desc
()
sock_recvmsg()
calls tun_recvmsg
TM
Socket refers to
tap socket
vhost_add_used_
and_signal()
tun_do_read()
24
Copy Packet
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, mobileGT, PowerQUICC, QorIQ, StarCore
and Symphony are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc., Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. BeeKit, BeeStack, ColdFire+, CoreNet, Flexis, Kinetis, MXC, Platform in a
Package, Processor Expert, QorIQ Qonverge, Qorivva, QUICC Engine, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, VortiQa and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2014 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
SoftIRQ_Rx
net_rx_action
virtnet_poll
ip_forward
True
Received < budget
False
virtqueue_get_buf
netdev_alloc_skb
A
TM
25
ip_rcv
netif_receive_skb
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, mobileGT, PowerQUICC, QorIQ, StarCore
and Symphony are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc., Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. BeeKit, BeeStack, ColdFire+, CoreNet, Flexis, Kinetis, MXC, Platform in a
Package, Processor Expert, QorIQ Qonverge, Qorivva, QUICC Engine, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, VortiQa and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2014 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
A
Free Rx Buffer > size/2
received < budget
try_fill_rcv
try_fill_rcv
schedule_delayed
refill_work
TM
Done. Added empty
buffers
26
napi_complete
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, mobileGT, PowerQUICC, QorIQ, StarCore
and Symphony are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc., Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. BeeKit, BeeStack, ColdFire+, CoreNet, Flexis, Kinetis, MXC, Platform in a
Package, Processor Expert, QorIQ Qonverge, Qorivva, QUICC Engine, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, VortiQa and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2014 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
TX Packet Flow
TM
27
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, mobileGT, PowerQUICC, QorIQ, StarCore
and Symphony are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc., Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. BeeKit, BeeStack, ColdFire+, CoreNet, Flexis, Kinetis, MXC, Platform in a
Package, Processor Expert, QorIQ Qonverge, Qorivva, QUICC Engine, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, VortiQa and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2014 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
Traffic from Guest OS
Virtio-net Driver
Report
Congestion
Ring_Full
Write Desc in Available Ring
TM
28
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, mobileGT, PowerQUICC, QorIQ, StarCore
and Symphony are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc., Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. BeeKit, BeeStack, ColdFire+, CoreNet, Flexis, Kinetis, MXC, Platform in a
Package, Processor Expert, QorIQ Qonverge, Qorivva, QUICC Engine, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, VortiQa and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2014 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
start_xmit()
virtqueue_kick()
virtqueue_kick_prepare
False
Return
True
virtqueue_notify()
iowrite16
TM
29
kvm_io_bus_write
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, mobileGT, PowerQUICC, QorIQ, StarCore
and Symphony are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc., Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. BeeKit, BeeStack, ColdFire+, CoreNet, Flexis, Kinetis, MXC, Platform in a
Package, Processor Expert, QorIQ Qonverge, Qorivva, QUICC Engine, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, VortiQa and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2014 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
NFV with VirtIO
TM
30
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, mobileGT, PowerQUICC, QorIQ, StarCore
and Symphony are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc., Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. BeeKit, BeeStack, ColdFire+, CoreNet, Flexis, Kinetis, MXC, Platform in a
Package, Processor Expert, QorIQ Qonverge, Qorivva, QUICC Engine, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, VortiQa and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2014 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
Server
Pkt
VM1
VM2
VM3
VM4
Switch
Hypervisor
Shared NIC
Packet Drop
Pkt
NFVM1 NFVM2 NFVM3 NFVM4
Packet Flooding
Pkt
Switch
Hypervisor
Shared NIC
Network Appliance
Pkt
TM
31
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, mobileGT, PowerQUICC, QorIQ, StarCore
and Symphony are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc., Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. BeeKit, BeeStack, ColdFire+, CoreNet, Flexis, Kinetis, MXC, Platform in a
Package, Processor Expert, QorIQ Qonverge, Qorivva, QUICC Engine, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, VortiQa and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2014 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
TM
32
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, mobileGT, PowerQUICC, QorIQ, StarCore
and Symphony are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc., Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. BeeKit, BeeStack, ColdFire+, CoreNet, Flexis, Kinetis, MXC, Platform in a
Package, Processor Expert, QorIQ Qonverge, Qorivva, QUICC Engine, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, VortiQa and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2014 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
Vhost Thread
1
Tap
Fails to Schedule due to lower
Priority than SoftIRQ
2
…
500
Tap Queue Full
Packets keep on
dropping at tap level
Bridge
NIC driver
Physical NIC
NAPI
processing
Packet Flooding
TM
33
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, mobileGT, PowerQUICC, QorIQ, StarCore
and Symphony are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc., Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. BeeKit, BeeStack, ColdFire+, CoreNet, Flexis, Kinetis, MXC, Platform in a
Package, Processor Expert, QorIQ Qonverge, Qorivva, QUICC Engine, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, VortiQa and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2014 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
TM
34
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, mobileGT, PowerQUICC, QorIQ, StarCore
and Symphony are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc., Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. BeeKit, BeeStack, ColdFire+, CoreNet, Flexis, Kinetis, MXC, Platform in a
Package, Processor Expert, QorIQ Qonverge, Qorivva, QUICC Engine, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, VortiQa and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2014 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
Vhost Rx Processing
NAPI SoftIRQ Processing
Vhost_Rx
NAPI Handler
Process Pkt
True
False
Congestion
Rx Ring < Lower Watermark
Disable HWI
Send Buffer to
Bridge/Tap
Enable HWI
TM
35
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, mobileGT, PowerQUICC, QorIQ, StarCore
and Symphony are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc., Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. BeeKit, BeeStack, ColdFire+, CoreNet, Flexis, Kinetis, MXC, Platform in a
Package, Processor Expert, QorIQ Qonverge, Qorivva, QUICC Engine, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, VortiQa and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2014 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
Now Vhost can schedule
during packet flooding.
Vhost Thread
last index
1
Tap
2
…
Last
index
Packet gets queued
Now Tap Queue Full
Congestion Notification
sent to bridge
Bridge
Bridge stops forwarding
NIC driver
NIC driver Disable HWI
Physical NIC
Packet Flooding
TM
36
Packet Drop at HW
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, mobileGT, PowerQUICC, QorIQ, StarCore
and Symphony are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc., Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. BeeKit, BeeStack, ColdFire+, CoreNet, Flexis, Kinetis, MXC, Platform in a
Package, Processor Expert, QorIQ Qonverge, Qorivva, QUICC Engine, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, VortiQa and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2014 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
1000
900
800
egress Rate
700
600
500
400
300
200
100
0
0
500
1000
1500
2000
2500
Ingress Rate
Current Design
TM
Modified Design
37
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, mobileGT, PowerQUICC, QorIQ, StarCore
and Symphony are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc., Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. BeeKit, BeeStack, ColdFire+, CoreNet, Flexis, Kinetis, MXC, Platform in a
Package, Processor Expert, QorIQ Qonverge, Qorivva, QUICC Engine, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, VortiQa and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2014 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
TM
38
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, mobileGT, PowerQUICC, QorIQ, StarCore
and Symphony are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc., Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. BeeKit, BeeStack, ColdFire+, CoreNet, Flexis, Kinetis, MXC, Platform in a
Package, Processor Expert, QorIQ Qonverge, Qorivva, QUICC Engine, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, VortiQa and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2014 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
•
Dynamic vhost thread controlled NIC driver instance.
• Vhost thread registers with NIC driver:
− Rx
Function handle
− Congestion
− Buffer
•
Function handler
depletion handle
Driver provides following during registration to Vhost:
− Tx
Function Handle
− Buffer
TM
pool management handle
39
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, mobileGT, PowerQUICC, QorIQ, StarCore
and Symphony are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc., Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. BeeKit, BeeStack, ColdFire+, CoreNet, Flexis, Kinetis, MXC, Platform in a
Package, Processor Expert, QorIQ Qonverge, Qorivva, QUICC Engine, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, VortiQa and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2014 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
GUEST
VNET1
Tx
Ring
Rx
Ring
KVM
Vhost Thread
New Network Acceleration Interface Driver
Buffer Pool
Vhost
Initialization
Fill Tx
Handler,
Buffer Pool
Management
Registerand
for
handler
Driver
Return
Instantiation
Tx FQ/BD
Ring
Rx FQ/BD
Ring
BD Ring
Creation,
Buffer Pool
Creation
Ethernet Port
PCD block
TM
40
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, mobileGT, PowerQUICC, QorIQ, StarCore
and Symphony are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc., Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. BeeKit, BeeStack, ColdFire+, CoreNet, Flexis, Kinetis, MXC, Platform in a
Package, Processor Expert, QorIQ Qonverge, Qorivva, QUICC Engine, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, VortiQa and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2014 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
GUEST
VNET1
Tx
Ring
Rx
Ring
KVM
Vhost Thread
Tx
Rx
Buffers Seeded
by Vhost
New Network Acceleration Interface Driver
Buffer Pool
No Rx Buffers
Left inBuffers
Buffer
available
in
Pool
Buffer Pool
Buffer
Acquire
Buffer
Acquire
Buffer
Acquire
Failure
Requested
Succeed
TM
Rx FQ/BD
Ring
Packet DMAed
to buffer and
Sent to Rx Ring
Ethernet Port
PCD block
Pkt
41
Packet Dropped
at HW
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, mobileGT, PowerQUICC, QorIQ, StarCore
and Symphony are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc., Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. BeeKit, BeeStack, ColdFire+, CoreNet, Flexis, Kinetis, MXC, Platform in a
Package, Processor Expert, QorIQ Qonverge, Qorivva, QUICC Engine, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, VortiQa and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2014 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
TM

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