Provider Manual HP Enterprise Services

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Provider Manual
dvha.vermont.gov/
8/1/2014
HP Enterprise Services
vtmedicaid.com/
Green Mountain Care ~ Provider Manual
Page 1 of 182
Summary of Updates
All changes/updates will be indicated in red font.
A detailed record of all changes made to this Provider Manual is maintained and available for
review at http://www.vtmedicaid.com/Downloads/manuals.html
DATE
Section Information
08/01/2014
Individual Consideration/manual Pricing
6.7
Prior Authorization Notice of Decision
7.7
Timely Filing
8.1
Bilateral Procedures Physician/Professional Billing
10.3.7
Outpatient Services Rendered During an Inpatient Stay
12.4.12
Telemonitoring
13.4.1
Medicaid & Medicare Crossover Billing
6.6
Hospital Clinical Laboratory Tests
12.5.4
Adult Day Services Billing Instructions/Field Locators
13.6
Referrals
2.5.8
Medicaid Rule & State Plan Resources
3.6
Who is Responsible for Payment
6.3
Place of Service (POS) Codes
9.10
Choices for Care: Enhanced Residential Care (ERC)/
Nursing Facilities Home Based Waiver (HBW), Moderate Needs 15
Authorization for Care & Non-Covered Services
15.2.1
Member Placement Levels (RPL)
15.2.2
Choices for Care Short Term Respite Stays
15.2.10
Fraud
16.1
Claim Submission & Correspondence Mailing Addresses
1.2.4
Rehabilitative Therapy
7.8.6
Wheelchair Repairs
11.11.21
CMS 1500 Paper Claim Billing Instructions/Field Locators
11.12
Reimbursement Policy
12.2
Primary Care Plus (PC Plus)
2.3
Beneficiary Cost Sharing/Co-Payments and Premiums
4.4
CMS 1500 Paper Claim Billing Instructions/Field Locators
11.12
07/01/2014
06/11/2014
06/01/2014
05/01/2014
Section Number
Procedural Terminology / CPT® codes, descriptors, and other data only are copyright 2012 AMA.
All Rights Reserved. Applicable FARS/DFARS restrictions apply to government use.
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Page 2 of 182
Table of Contents
SUMMARY OF UPDATES ............................................................................................................................... 2
TABLE OF CONTENTS .................................................................................................................................... 3
SECTION 1
GENERAL INFORMATION AND ADMINISTRATION ............................................................. 12
1.1
Green Mountain Care Overview .................................................................................. 12
1.2
Administration & Responsibilities ................................................................................... 12
1.2.1
Member Eligibility Determination .................................................................................... 12
1.2.2
Administration of Insurance Programs ........................................................................... 12
1.2.3
Claims System & Provider Services ................................................................................. 13
1.2.4
Claim Submission & Correspondence Mailing Addresses.......................................... 14
1.2.5
Claim Copy Requests ........................................................................................................ 15
1.2.6
Provider Administrative Appeal Process ........................................................................ 15
1.2.6.1
Improper Payments and the Recovery of Overpayments ...................................... 15
1.2.6.2
Underpayments that Otherwise cannot be Timely Resubmitted ............................ 16
SECTION 2
GREEN MOUNTAIN CARE ................................................................................................... 18
2.1
Medicaid for Adults ......................................................................................................... 18
2.2
Dr. Dynasaur (Children) ................................................................................................... 18
2.3
Prescription Assistance Pharmacy-Only Programs .................................................... 18
2.4
Medicare Savings Programs (MSP) ............................................................................... 19
2.5
Primary Care Plus (PC PLUS) ........................................................................................... 19
2.5.1
Allowed Practitioner Types ............................................................................................... 20
2.5.2
Application .......................................................................................................................... 21
2.5.3
Enrollment Minimum/Maximum ...................................................................................... 21
2.5.4
Monthly Enrollment List ...................................................................................................... 21
2.5.5
Provider Enrollment Status Change................................................................................. 21
2.5.6
Notice of Termination of Participation in PCP Plus........................................................ 22
2.5.7
Hospital Admitting Privileges............................................................................................ 22
2.5.8
Referrals ............................................................................................................................... 22
2.5.9
Case Management Responsibilities ............................................................................... 23
2.3.10
Case Management Fee and Treatment Plan.............................................................. 24
SECTION 3
POLICIES & OTHER INFORMATIONAL RESOURCES ............................................................. 25
3.1
Advisory .............................................................................................................................. 25
3.2
Banner Page ..................................................................................................................... 25
3.3
Claim Edit Standards ....................................................................................................... 25
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3.4
Correct Form Versions ..................................................................................................... 26
3.5
Manuals for Providers ...................................................................................................... 26
3.6
Medicaid Rule & State Plan Resources ........................................................................ 26
3.7
National Correct Coding Initiative (NCCI) .................................................................. 26
3.8
Remittance Advice.......................................................................................................... 27
3.8.1
SECTION 4
4.1
The 835 Transaction (Electronic Remittance Advice) .................................................. 28
MEMBER INFORMATION ...................................................................................................... 28
Eligibility .............................................................................................................................. 28
4.1.1
Partial Eligibility ................................................................................................................... 29
4.1.2
Eligibility Verification.......................................................................................................... 29
4.2
Identification ..................................................................................................................... 31
4.3
Member Bill of Rights........................................................................................................ 31
4.4
Member Cost Sharing/Co-pays and Premiums ......................................................... 32
4.5
Qualified Medicaid Member (QMB) ............................................................................ 33
4.6
Notice of Decision ............................................................................................................ 33
4.7
Court Ordered Services .................................................................................................. 33
4.8
Retroactive Eligibility ........................................................................................................ 33
4.9
Member Appeal Process ................................................................................................ 33
4.10
Fair Hearing ...................................................................................................................... 34
4.11
Advanced Directives ..................................................................................................... 34
SECTION 5
5.1
PROVIDER ENROLLMENT, LICENSING & CERTIFICATION ................................................... 35
Enrollment & Certification............................................................................................... 35
5.1.1
Enrollment Agreement Signatures................................................................................... 36
5.2
Payment Conditions ........................................................................................................ 37
5.3
Conditions of Participation ............................................................................................. 37
5.4 Documentation of Services ............................................................................................. 37
5.5
Rights & Responsibilities ................................................................................................... 37
5.6
Termination ........................................................................................................................ 38
SECTION 6
COORDINATION OF BENEFITS/MEDICAID PAYMENT LIABILITY/THIRD PARTY LIABILITY .. 38
6.1
Contractual Allowance .................................................................................................. 38
6.2
Reimbursement of Overpayments................................................................................ 39
6.3
Who is Responsible for Payment? ................................................................................. 39
6.3.1
Supplementation ................................................................................................................ 40
6.4
Who Is Primary ................................................................................................................... 40
6.5
Notice That Medicaid Will Not Be Accepted ............................................................. 41
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6.6
Medicaid & Medicare Crossover Billing....................................................................... 41
6.7
Individual Consideration/Manual Pricing .................................................................... 42
6.8
Third Party Liability (TPL)/Other Insurance (OI)............................................................ 42
6.8.1
6.9
Third Party Liability Coverage Codes ............................................................................. 46
Workers Compensation/Accident Liability Billing ...................................................... 46
SECTION 7
PRIOR AUTHORIZATION ....................................................................................................... 47
7.1
Prior Authorization Reviewers ......................................................................................... 47
7.2
Procedures & Requirements .......................................................................................... 48
7.3
7.4
7.2.1
Clinical Practice Guidelines ............................................................................................. 48
7.2.2
Date of Service ................................................................................................................... 48
7.2.3
Prior Authorization Requirements .................................................................................... 48
7.2.4
Required Documentation ................................................................................................. 49
7.2.5
Review of Records.............................................................................................................. 49
Exceptions ......................................................................................................................... 49
7.3.1
General Exceptions ........................................................................................................... 49
7.3.2
Immediate Need Exception ............................................................................................. 50
Determination Time.......................................................................................................... 51
7.4.1
7.5
Payment Decision Review Process ................................................................................. 51
Medical Necessity ............................................................................................................ 52
7.5.1
Medical Necessity Form (MNF)........................................................................................ 52
7.6
Utilization Review .............................................................................................................. 53
7.7
Prior Authorization Notice of Decision .......................................................................... 54
7.8
Services Requiring Prior Authorization .......................................................................... 54
7.8.1
Concurrent Review for Admissions at Vermont & In-Network Border Hospitals...... 54
7.8.2
Out of-State Elective Inpatient Hospital Admissions .................................................... 55
7.8.3
Out-of-Network Elective Outpatient Referrals............................................................... 55
7.8.4
In-State & Out of State Psychiatric & Detoxification Inpatient Services.................... 55
7.8.5
Out-of-State Urgent/Emergent Inpatient Hospital Admissions ................................... 56
7.8.6
Rehabilitative Therapy....................................................................................................... 56
SECTION 8
8.1
REIMBURSEMENT, BILLING PROCEDURES AND CLAIM PROCESSING ............................... 58
Timely Filing ........................................................................................................................ 58
8.1.1
8.2
Adjustment Requests & Timely Filing............................................................................... 59
Usual & Customary Rate (UCR) ..................................................................................... 60
8.3 Incident-To Billing.................................................................................................................. 60
8.3.1 Licensed Physician Incident-To Billing ............................................................................... 61
8.3.2 Licensed Doctorate-Level Psychologist Incident-To Billing ........................................... 61
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8.4
Locum Tenens ................................................................................................................... 62
8.5
Time-based Procedure Codes – Billing Guidelines .................................................... 62
8.6
Electronic Claim Submission ........................................................................................... 63
8.7
Electronic Funds Transfer (EFT) ....................................................................................... 63
8.8
Claim Disposition Information Introduction ................................................................. 64
8.9
Remittance Advice (RA)................................................................................................. 64
8.10
8.9.1
RA Sections .......................................................................................................................... 64
8.9.2
RA Headings & Descriptions ............................................................................................. 65
8.9.3
Earnings Data & Message Codes .................................................................................... 69
Refunds ............................................................................................................................. 71
SECTION 9
BILLING PROCEDURES CMS1500 & UB04 CLAIM TYPES ..................................................... 71
9.1
Abortions ............................................................................................................................ 71
9.2
Aids/HIV .............................................................................................................................. 72
9.3
CPT Category III Procedure Codes............................................................................... 72
9.4
Factor HCPCS Codes ...................................................................................................... 72
9.5
Fee Schedule .................................................................................................................... 72
9.6
Health Examination of Defined Subpopulation ......................................................... 73
9.7
Interpreter Services/Limited English Proficiency (LEP) ............................................... 73
9.7.1 Informed Consent .................................................................................................................. 73
9.7.2 HIPAA ....................................................................................................................................... 74
9.7.3 Vermont Medicaid Billing ..................................................................................................... 74
9.7.4 Limited English Proficiency (LEP) Resources...................................................................... 74
9.7.5 Deaf and Hard of Hearing Resources ................................................................................ 74
9.8
Inpatient Newborn Services (Physicians) ..................................................................... 75
9.9
Modifier ‘LT’ & ‘RT’ ............................................................................................................ 76
9.10
Place of Service (POS) Codes ...................................................................................... 76
9.11
Rehabilitative Therapy see section 7.8.6 .................................................................... 78
9.12
Spend-Down .................................................................................................................... 78
SECTION 10
CMS 1500 CLAIM SUBMISSIONS ....................................................................................... 79
10.1
Payment DVHA Primary ................................................................................................. 80
10.2
Non-Reimbursable Services .......................................................................................... 82
10.3
CMS 1500 Claim Type – Billing Information ................................................................ 83
8/1/2014
10.3.1
Alcohol/Drug Detoxification Treatment ....................................................................... 83
10.3.2
Ambulance Services ....................................................................................................... 83
10.3.3
Anesthesia ......................................................................................................................... 85
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10.3.4
Antineoplastic Drugs ....................................................................................................... 88
10.3.5
Assistant Surgeon ............................................................................................................. 88
10.3.6
Audiological Services/Hearing Aids............................................................................. 88
10.3.7
Bilateral Procedures Physician/Professional Billing .................................................... 89
10.3.8
Capsule Endoscopy (Esophagus through Ileum) ....................................................... 90
10.3.9
Children with Special Health Needs Infant Toddler Programs ................................. 90
10.3.10
Chiropractic Services .................................................................................................... 90
10.3.11
Consultation .................................................................................................................... 90
10.3.12
Detail Processing ............................................................................................................ 91
10.3.13
Developmental & Autism Screening of Young Children ......................................... 91
10.3.14
Diabetic Teaching ......................................................................................................... 93
10.3.15
Drugs Requiring Prior Authorization............................................................................. 93
10.3.16
Dual Eligibility .................................................................................................................. 94
10.3.17
Emergency Indicator .................................................................................................... 94
10.3.18
Emergency Room Services .......................................................................................... 94
10.3.19
EPSDT Program Well – Child Health Care ................................................................... 94
10.3.20
ESRD Related Services ................................................................................................... 96
10.3.21
Evaluation & Management Services (Post-Operative Care) ................................. 96
10.3.22
Family Planning Services .............................................................................................. 96
10.3.23
FQHC/RHC ....................................................................................................................... 96
10.3.24
Health Maintenance Organization (HMO) ................................................................ 99
10.3.25
Hospital Based Physicians ............................................................................................ 99
10.3.26
Hysterectomy ............................................................................................................... 100
10.3.27
Independent Laboratory ............................................................................................ 100
10.3.28
Injections ....................................................................................................................... 101
10.3.29
Inpatient Services ........................................................................................................ 102
10.3.30
Lead Screening ............................................................................................................ 102
10.3.31
Maintenance Drug Prescriptions ............................................................................... 102
10.3.32
Mastectomy .................................................................................................................. 103
10.3.33
Medical Nutrition Therapy .......................................................................................... 103
10.3.34
Midwife Services .......................................................................................................... 103
10.3.35
Multiple Surgery Pricing .............................................................................................. 105
10.3.36
Naturopathic Physicians ............................................................................................. 105
10.3.37
NDC (National Drug Code) ........................................................................................ 106
10.3.38
Non-Emergency Medical Transportation (NEMT) ................................................... 107
10.3.39
Obstetrical Care ........................................................................................................... 107
10.3.40
Oral Surgery .................................................................................................................. 109
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10.3.41
Over-The-Counter (OTC) Medications ..................................................................... 109
10.3.42
Oximetry Services ........................................................................................................ 109
10.3.43
Pharmacologic Management (Psychiatric) ............................................................ 109
10.3.44
Physician Visit Limits .................................................................................................... 109
10.3.45
Post-Operative Follow-up Visits ................................................................................. 110
10.3.46
Psychiatry/Psychology ............................................................................................... 110
10.3.47
Radiology ...................................................................................................................... 114
10.3.48
Smoking Cessation Counseling................................................................................. 115
10.3.49
Specimen Collection Fee ........................................................................................... 115
10.3.50
Sterilizations ................................................................................................................... 116
10.3.51
Team Care Program .................................................................................................... 116
10.3.52
Telemedicine ................................................................................................................ 116
10.3.53
Topical Fluoride Varnish.............................................................................................. 117
10.3.54
Vision Care & Eyeglasses ........................................................................................... 117
SECTION 11
DURABLE MEDICAL EQUIPMENT, PROSTHETICS, ORTHOTICS & MEDICAL SUPPLIES .... 120
11.1
Reimbursable/Non-Reimbursable Services .............................................................. 121
11.2
Payment DVHA Primary ............................................................................................... 121
11.3
Payment-Dual Eligible/Medicare Primary ................................................................ 122
11.4
Prescribing Provider ...................................................................................................... 123
11.5
Dates of Service ............................................................................................................ 124
11.6
Procedure Codes & Pricing ........................................................................................ 124
11.7
Repairs ............................................................................................................................. 125
11.8
Supply Returns ............................................................................................................... 125
11.9
Durable Medical Equipment (DME) Recycling ....................................................... 125
11.10
Rehabilitation Equipment Review ........................................................................... 126
11.11
DME Billing Information - Equipment Specific (Alphabetical) ............................ 126
8/1/2014
11.11.1
Adaptive Weighted Eating Utensils ........................................................................... 126
11.11.2
Apnea Monitors ............................................................................................................ 126
11.11.3
BICROS/CROS (Contralateral Routing of Sound) ................................................... 126
11.11.4
Blood Pressure Monitors .............................................................................................. 127
11.11.5
Breast Pumps ................................................................................................................ 127
11.11.6
CPAP & BIPAP ................................................................................................................ 127
11.11.7
Crutches ........................................................................................................................ 127
11.11.8
Glucometers ................................................................................................................. 128
11.11.9
Hospital Beds ................................................................................................................ 128
11.11.10
Incontinence Supplies .............................................................................................. 128
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11.12
11.11.11
Medical Supplies ...................................................................................................... 128
11.11.12
Oxygen ........................................................................................................................ 129
11.11.13
Peak Flow Meters ....................................................................................................... 129
11.11.14
Special Needs Feeder Bottles .................................................................................. 129
11.11.15
Speech Augmentation Devices .............................................................................. 129
11.11.16
Splints ........................................................................................................................... 130
11.11.17
TENS/MNES .................................................................................................................. 130
11.11.19
Ventricular Assist Devices ........................................................................................ 130
11.11.20
Wheelchairs & Seating Systems............................................................................... 130
11.11.21
Wheelchair Repairs.................................................................................................... 131
CMS 1500 Paper Claim Billing Instructions/Field Locators ................................... 132
SECTION 12
UB04 CLAIM SUBMISSIONS .............................................................................................. 135
12.1
Reimbursable Services ................................................................................................. 135
12.2
Reimbursement Policy.................................................................................................. 136
12.3
Patient Share (Applied Income) Reporting ............................................................. 137
12.4
General Hospital Billing Information .......................................................................... 137
12.5
8/1/2014
12.4.1
Bilateral Billing Procedures ........................................................................................... 137
12.4.2
In-Network & Extended Network Hospitals................................................................ 137
12.4.3
Inpatient/Outpatient Overlap Examples ................................................................... 138
12.4.4
Inpatient Claims: No Medicare Part A; Has Medicare B Coverage ..................... 138
12.4.5
Inpatient Claims: Medicare Part A Exhausts or Begins During the Inpatient Stay139
12.4.6
Inpatient Claims: Medicare Primary but Medicaid Eligibility Termed During Stay140
12.4.7
Interim Inpatient Claims ................................................................................................ 140
12.4.8
Present on Admission (POA) - Inpatient Admissions ............................................... 140
12.4.9
Same-Day-Stays............................................................................................................. 141
12.4.10
Subacute Care ............................................................................................................. 141
12.4.11
Transfer Cases............................................................................................................... 141
12.4.12
Outpatient Services Rendered During an Inpatient Stay ...................................... 142
Out-Patient/Inpatient Hospital Services ................................................................... 142
12.5.1
Cardiac Rehabilitation .................................................................................................. 142
12.5.2
Dialysis ............................................................................................................................. 142
12.5.3
Inhalation Therapy ......................................................................................................... 143
12.5.4
Hospital Clinical Laboratory Tests ............................................................................... 143
12.5.5
Observation Rooms ....................................................................................................... 144
12.5.6
Private Room ................................................................................................................... 144
12.5.7
Hospital Inpatient Billing Instructions/Field Locators ................................................ 144
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12.5.9
SECTION 13
Hospital Outpatient Billing Instructions/Field Locators ............................................ 148
HOME HEALTH AGENCY SERVICES ................................................................................. 150
13.1
Conditions for Payment ............................................................................................... 150
13.2
Reimbursable Services ................................................................................................. 151
13.2.1
Visit at Patient’s Place of Residence ........................................................................... 152
13.2.2
Nursing Care Services ................................................................................................... 153
13.3.3
Registered Nurse Services ............................................................................................ 153
13.3.4
Licensed Practical Nurse Services .............................................................................. 153
13.3.5
Home Health Aide Services ......................................................................................... 153
13.3.6
Personal Duties ............................................................................................................... 153
13.3.7
Medical Duties ................................................................................................................ 153
13.3.8
Household Services ....................................................................................................... 154
13.3.9
Hospice ............................................................................................................................ 154
13.4.0
Respite Billing .................................................................................................................. 154
13.4.1
Telemonitoring ................................................................................................................ 155
13.3
Home Health Agency & Hospice Services Billing Instructions/Field Locators.... 156
13.4
Adult Day Services Billing Instructions/Field Locators ............................................. 159
SECTION 14
ASSISTIVE COMMUNITY CARE SERVICES (ACCS) ......................................................... 162
14.1
Revenue Code & Date Span Billing .......................................................................... 162
14.2
Assistive Community Care Services (ACCS) Billing Instructions/Field Locators 163
SECTION 15 CHOICES FOR CARE: ENHANCED RESIDENTIAL CARE (ERC)/NURSING FACILITIES
HOME BASED WAIVER (HBW), MODERATE NEEDS ................................................................................. 166
15.1
ERC Paper Claim Submission Billing Instructions/Field Locators ........................... 167
15.2
Choices for Care: Nursing Facilities - General Billing Information........................ 170
8/1/2014
15.2.1
Authorization for Care & Non-Covered Services...................................................... 170
15.2.2
Member Placement Levels (RPL) ................................................................................. 170
15.2.3
DME in Health Care Institutions .................................................................................... 171
15.2.4
Duration of Coverage.................................................................................................... 171
15.2.5
Hold Bed .......................................................................................................................... 171
15.2.6
Leave of Absence .......................................................................................................... 173
15.2.7
Nursing Home Claims & Patient Hospitalization ....................................................... 173
15.2.8
Patient Share in a Nursing Facility ............................................................................... 173
15.2.9
Prior Payments ................................................................................................................ 174
15.2.10
Choices for Care Short-Term Respite Stays ............................................................. 174
15.2.11
Services Included in Per Diem Rate.......................................................................... 174
15.2.12
Short Term Stays ........................................................................................................... 174
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15.2.13
15.3
Nursing Facilities Billing Instructions/Field Locators ............................................... 174
Home Based Waiver (HBW) Billing Instructions/Field Locators.............................. 177
SECTION 16
PROGRAM INTEGRITY ...................................................................................................... 181
16.1
Fraud ............................................................................................................................... 181
16.2
Private Litigation ............................................................................................................ 181
16.3
Sanctions ........................................................................................................................ 181
16.4
Violations ........................................................................................................................ 181
SECTION 17
OTHER PROVIDER INFORMATION ................................................................................... 182
17.1
Provider Tax .................................................................................................................... 182
17.2
Pharmacy Tax ................................................................................................................ 182
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Section 1 General Information and Administration
The Department of Vermont Health Access (DVHA) is
responsible for the administration of the State of Vermont’s
publicly funded health insurance programs.
1.1 Green Mountain Care Overview
Green Mountain Care is the brand name for the family of
publicly funded health coverage programs offered by the State of
Vermont. Programs include Medicaid, Dr. Dynasaur and
premium assistance pharmacy-only programs.
1.2 Administration & Responsibilities
1.2.1 Member Eligibility Determination
Application for health benefit eligibility and other public benefit
determinations may be made online at
http://dcf.vermont.gov/mybenefits/apply_for_benefits or at a
DCF Economic Services Division (ESD) District Office
http://dcf.vermont.gov/esd/contact_us/district_offices. Eligible
members are enrolled in the appropriate health care
assistance program by the Department for Children and
Families, Economic Services Division (ESD), Health Access
Eligibility Unit (HAEU). Questions about applying and other
information queries can be made at any DCF District Office
http://dcf.vermont.gov/ or by calling the Benefits Service
Center/District Office.
Benefits Service Center/District Offices:
Telephone (800) 479-6151
The Benefits Service Center’s call center interactive voice
response (IVR) system services providers and member
statewide. Providers should stay on the line after the message
for a separate queue, and will be serviced directly.
1.2.2 Administration of Insurance Programs
The Department of Vermont Health Access (DVHA) has the
primary responsibility for establishing program policy
direction and administration of Vermont’s health insurance
programs, determining service coverage, establishing provider
reimbursement rates, and provides funding for provider
payments.
Department of Vermont Health Access:
Telephone (802) 879-5900
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http://dvha.vermont.gov/
312 Hurricane Lane, Suite 201
Williston, VT 05495
DVHA operates the Green Mountain Care Member Services Unit to provide
information to health benefit applicants and respond to questions and problems from
members.
Green Mountain Care Member Services:
Telephone (800) 250-8427
TTY: (888) 834-7898
101 Cherry Street, Suite 320
Burlington, VT 05401-9823
1.2.3 Claims System & Provider Services
The State of Vermont contracts with a fiscal agent HP Enterprise Services (HPES) to
process Medicaid claims and perform other duties as required by the contract.
This includes maintenance of the eligibility sub-system, claims processing billing codes
and rates, and electronic fund transfers for reimbursement of services.
The Provider Services Unit of HPES consists of four components: Provider
Relations/Field Representatives, Provider Help Desk, Provider Enrollment and the
Communications/Publications Coordinator. This unit is available to assist Vermont
Medicaid providers and their billing personnel (at no cost), Monday through Friday from
8:00am to 5:00am (except for State holidays; see the Holiday Closure Schedule at
http://www.vtmedicaid.com/Information/whatsnew.html.
•
Provider Services/HPES: Toll-free in Vermont (800) 925-1706
•
Local and Out-of-State (802) 878-7871
*Note: HPES does not assist or take calls from members. Please direct all member
questions to Green Mountain Care Member Services (800) 250-8427.
Provider Enrollment
Facilitates the enrollment and recertification of providers requesting to participate in
the Vermont Medicaid Program. Representatives are available during regular business
hours to answer written and verbal inquires; see Section 5 Provider Enrollment,
Licensing & Certification.
Provider Help Desk
Help Desk Representatives are available to assist providers with program eligibility
questions, provide service limitation information, assist with claim inquiries and other
information not available through the Voice Response System (VRS) or Vermont
Medicaid website http://www.vtmedicaid.com/.
HPES provides claim and member information only to enrolled Vermont Medicaid
providers; therefore, providers are required to state their provider number at the time
of contact. The following information that will be requested, when applicable:
•
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Member ID Number
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•
Internal Control Number (ICN)
•
Date of Service
•
Date of Remittance Advice (RA)
Providers are limited to 5 inquiries/questions per Help Desk call. Callers with more
than five inquiries can choose to call again or submit their inquiries in writing. The
Help Desk is not authorized to verify eligibility for dates 9 or more days beyond the date
of inquiry.
The Provider Relations Field Representative
The Provider Relations/Field Representatives are available to travel throughout the
state for problem solving and provider education. These representatives work to
increase provider participation by speaking at professional association meetings,
scheduling provider visits, and presenting statewide workshops for Vermont Medicaid.
Providers wishing to schedule a visit or identify the representative assigned to their
area are directed to the Provider Representative Map at
http://www.vtmedicaid.com/Information/whatsnew.html.
Written Inquiries
To ensure accuracy and consistency, submit written inquiries on the Provider Inquiry
Form, available at http://www.vtmedicaid.com/Downloads/forms.html. Send completed
inquiries to:
HP Enterprise Services Provider Services Unit
P.O. Box 888
Williston, Vermont 05495-0888
To expedite the handling of your request, complete boxes one through twelve of the
Provider Inquiry Form and attach the appropriate documentation.
Note: Provider Inquiry Forms may not be used to:
•
Resubmit corrected claims*
•
Request an adjustment on a paid claim
•
Check on the status of a claim.
*Corrected claims should be sent directly to HPES with copies of all required
attachments, when applicable. If there are no attachments, claims may be resubmitted
electronically, see Section 8.1.1 Adjustment Requests & Timely Filing.
1.2.4 Claim Submission & Correspondence Mailing Addresses
To ensure your request is processed in a timely manner, use the correct PO Box specific
to each correspondence type mailed to HP Enterprise Services.
• PO Box 999 – UB04 Claim Forms
• PO Box 777 – CMS 1500 Forms
• PO Box 1710 – Dental Forms
• PO Box 1645 – All Checks
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• PO Box 888 – All Other Mail & Inquiries
• Williston, VT 05495-0888
1.2.5 Claim Copy Requests
When a member or an attorney for a member requests a copy of a claim which has been
paid, please inform them that copies should be requested in writing from: DVHA - COB
Unit, 312 Hurricane Lane, Suite 201 Williston, VT 05495.
1.2.6 Provider Administrative Appeal Process
The Department of Vermont Health Access (DVHA) offers a program policy allowing an
enrolled provider a process for reconsideration/appeal for certain claims payments.
Information regarding the Provider Administrative Appeal Process applicable to each of
the following is outlined below.
1. Improper payments and the recovery of overpayments
2. Underpayments that cannot otherwise be timely resubmitted.
The program policy allows for three levels of reconsideration/appeal
Level 1 - Reconsideration by DVHA
Submit Level 1 requests to:
HP Enterprise Services
PO Box 888, Williston VT 05495
Attn: Level 1 Request
Level 2 - Appeal to the DVHA commissioner
Submit Level 2 requests to:
Commissioner, Department of Vermont Health Access
312 Hurricane, Suite 201
Williston, VT 05495
Level 3 – Pursue via the Vermont Superior Court.
1.2.6.1
Improper Payments and the Recovery of Overpayments
Level 1 – Reconsideration by DVHA
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•
A qualified person will conduct the reconsideration
•
No monetary threshold is applied.
•
Provider must provide a written explanation of the reason for the disagreement,
stating the amount of the payment
•
Provider has 30 days to file for a reconsideration from either the
o
Date of the claim payment, or,
o
Date on the remittance advice (RA), or,
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o
Date of receipt of notice of recovery.
• DVHA has 30 days to respond following the
o
Date of receipt of the request for reconsideration,
o
Date of a meeting with the provider, if one is scheduled.
o
If DVHA requests additional information from the provider, DVHA has
30 days to respond following the receipt of that information.
o
In some circumstances, DVHA may notify the provider that
an additional 14 day extension is invoked.
• DVHA will consider a stay of recovery within the timeframe of the Level 1
reconsideration only if an adjustment has not been completed by the DVHA
fiscal agent.
o
Provider must document good cause
o
Stay timeframe is, the earlier of, completion of administrative appeals
process or six months.
o
Stay does not apply to adjustment for third party liability (TPL) reason
including Medicare or to recoupment of general claims processing errors.
Level 2 - Appeal to the DVHA Commissioner
A provider who is dissatisfied with the result of the DVHA Reconsideration may
appeal that decision to the DVHA Commissioner
•
Within 30 days from the date on the Level 1 Reconsideration decision notice
•
DVHA Commissioner or a hearing officer appointed by the Commissioner will
schedule an appeal hearing within 30 days from the date of receipt of the
request for an appeal to the Commissioner
•
Appeal hearing shall be conducted under the same rules of conduct as in current
use for hearings before the Human Services Board.
•
A hearing officer does not render a decision about the legality of federal or state
laws, including, but not limited to DVHA regulations. If the legality of such law
or regulation is raised by the provider, the hearing officer renders a decision
based on the applicable law as interpreted by DVHA
•
DVHA Commissioner has 14 days from the date of the appeal hearing to
generate a decision, or notify provider that an additional 14 day extension has
been invoked. The decision notice will indicate the next level of appeal should
the provider be dissatisfied with the decision.
Level 3 - Vermont Superior Court
1.2.6.2
Underpayments that Otherwise cannot be Timely Resubmitted
Level 1 – Reconsideration by DVHA
•
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A qualified person will conduct the reconsideration
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•
No monetary threshold is applied
•
Provider owns the responsibility of presenting a preponderance of evidence that
the claim was underpaid due to DVHA error
•
Provider must have submitted claim in a timely manner
•
Provider must have exhausted all other possible corrective actions per the
Provider Manual
•
Date of service for claim for reconsideration must exceed the timely filing limit of
12 months, or when third party insurance is involved the filing limit is 18
months (final billing deadline)
•
A claim with date of service older than 24 months is not eligible for
reconsideration/appeal
•
Provider must file for reconsideration within 30 days after date of remittance
advice that first denied the claim for exceeding the final billing deadline
•
Provider must provide a written explanation of the reason for the disagreement,
stating the amount of the payment, that the claim was underpaid as a result of
DVHA error, and provide the following to substantiate that the claim was
underpaid
o Statement outlining nature of appeal
•
o
Evidence of claim’s original timely submission and resubmission, if
applicable
o
Copies of applicable page from each remittance advice on which the
claim was previously processed
o
Copy of remittance advice that indicates final billing deadline has
passed
o
Statement describing nature of DVHA error that resulted in the
underpayment of claim
o
Legible and accurately completed paper claim and
o
Any other documentation supporting the appeal, including any
correspondence from DVHA.
DVHA has 30 days to respond following the
o
Date of receipt of the request for reconsideration,
o
Date of a meeting with the provider, if one is scheduled.
o
If DVHA requests additional information from the provider, DVHA has
30 days to respond following the receipt of that information.
o
In some circumstances, DVHA may notify the provider that an additional
14 day extension is invoked.
The decision notice will indicate the next level of appeal should the provider be
dissatisfied with the decision.
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Level 2 - Appeal to the DVHA Commissioner
A provider who is dissatisfied with the result of the DVHA Reconsideration may
appeal that decision to the DVHA Commissioner
•
Within 30 days from the date on the Level 1 Reconsideration decision notice
•
DVHA Commissioner or a hearing officer appointed by the Commissioner will
schedule an appeal hearing within 30 days from the date of receipt of the request
for an appeal to the Commissioner
•
Appeal hearing shall be conducted under the same rules of conduct as in current
use for hearings before the Human Services Board.
•
A hearing officer does not render a decision about the legality of federal or state
laws, including, but not limited to DVHA regulations. If the legality of such law
or regulation is raised by the provider, the hearing officer renders a decision
based on the applicable law as interpreted by DVHA
•
DVHA Commissioner has 14 days from the date of the appeal hearing to
generate a decision, or notify provider that an additional 14 day extension has
been invoked.
•
The decision notice will indicate the next level of appeal should the provider be
dissatisfied with the decision.
Level 3 - Vermont Superior Court
Section 2 Green Mountain Care
Green Mountain Care is a family of state-sponsored low-cost and free health insurance
programs for uninsured Vermonters.
2.1 Medicaid for Adults
Medicaid programs for adults provide low-cost or free coverage for Vermonters who are
eligible based on income and resources. Medicaid provides a broad benefit package that
may include acute care, long-term care, dental, pharmacy and, if necessary,
transportation to medical services.
Members are enrolled in PC Plus managed care and may be responsible for certain copayments for services performed in an inpatient and outpatient hospital setting as well as
for pharmacy and dental benefits (see section 4.4 Member Cost Sharing).
2.2 Dr. Dynasaur (Children)
Dr. Dynasaur encompasses all health care programs available for children up to age 19
Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP) and Underinsured Children Members are
enrolled in the PC Plus managed care program.
2.3 Prescription Assistance Pharmacy-Only Programs
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Prescription assistance programs help Vermonters pay for prescription medicines based
on income, disability status and age. Pharmacy program requirements apply
http://dvha.vermont.gov/for-providers.
There is a monthly premium based on income, and co-pays based on the cost of the
prescription; see Section 4.4 Membery Cost Sharing/Co-pays and Premiums.
VPharm - VPharm assists Vermonters enrolled in Medicare Part D with payment for
prescription medications. In general, VPharm covers drug classes that are excluded from
the Part D benefit, and may assist with premiums and cost-sharing.
Healthy Vermonters - Healthy Vermonter’s provides a discount on both long-term and
short-term prescriptions for Vermonters not eligible for other pharmacy assistance
programs.
2.4 Medicare Savings Programs (MSP)
Qualified Medicare Beneficiary - A Qualified Medicare Beneficiary (QMB) is an aged,
blind or disabled individual with income at or below 100% FPL who is eligible for
Medicaid payment of Medicare premiums, deductibles and co-insurance but not for any
other payments
Specified Low-Income Beneficiaries - A Specified Low-Income Medicare Beneficiary
(SLMB) is an aged, blind or disabled individual who is eligible for Medicaid payment of
their Medicare Part B premium if the individual would be eligible for QMB except for
income with income above 100% but at or below 120%FPL.
Qualified Individuals – A Qualified Individual (QI-1) is an aged, blind or disabled
individual with income at or below 100% FPL who is eligible for Medicaid payment of
Medicare Part B premium if the individual would be eligible for QMB except for income
with income above 100% but at or below 135%FPL and does not receive any other
federally-funded medical assistance except for coverage for excluded drug classes under
part D when the individual is enrolled in part D.
2.5 Primary Care Plus (PC PLUS)
Primary Care Plus (PC Plus) is a primary care case management program developed by
the DVHA as part of Vermont’s Global Commitment. Vermont requires that all Medicaid
and Dr. Dynasaur member enroll in PC Plus. Many services covered under PC Plus need
to be authorized by the Primary Care Provider (PCP). Services rendered to a member
enrolled in a primary care case management (PCCM) must follow the guidelines for the
PCCM program.
The key goals of PC Plus are to:
•
Enhance the continuity of care through the creation of a “medical home”
•
Establish a partnership between the Medicaid administration and community
providers
•
Maximize dollars spent for medical services
PCPs coordinate their members’ health care needs by providing the following services:
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•
Primary care medical services, covered by Vermont Medicaid
•
Referral authorization for needed specialty and other covered medical services
•
Arrange 24-hour-a-day/seven days-a-week coverage
PCPs receive a monthly case management fee for each member enrolled with the PCP.
This fee is for coordinating members’ health care services. The case management
payment structure is based on the number of patients that are attributed to the
practice. Vermont Medicaid will attribute members to the PCP who has billed for
appropriate services and who has seen the member within the last 24 months.
Membership in PC Plus is mandatory for all Medicaid and Dr. Dynasaur members who
are not otherwise exempt from managed care enrollment under the provisions of the
1115 waiver. Under the waiver, individuals who have third party insurance, in addition
to Medicaid/Dr. Dynasaur, and individuals who are on home and community-based
waivers, are exempted from PC Plus enrollment. In addition, individuals enrolled in the
Medicaid High Tech Program and individuals living in long-term care facilities are
exempt from PC Plus enrollment.
Once they are found eligible, members who are not exempt are sent an enrollment
package from the Green Mountain Care Member Services Unit and are asked to
select a primary care provider. A primary care provider is assigned to those members
who do not make a selection within 30 days.
Members may change their PCP by contacting the Member Services Unit. Members can
be verified as members of PC Plus using the VRS and the Vermont Medicaid web site
http://www.vtmedicaid.com/index.html.
A PCP enrolled in the PC Plus program must meet all of the following requirements
listed in the below sections.
2.5.1
Allowed Practitioner Types
The PCP must be enrolled and in good standing in the Vermont Medicaid program
and be routinely providing services as a:
•
Family Practice Physician
•
General Practice Physician
•
Internal Medicine Physician (general internists)
•
Pediatric Physician
•
Adult, Pediatric or Family Nurse Practitioner
•
Naturopaths
Physician specialists, with one or more sub-specialties, may enroll as PCPs for
members with life-threatening, degenerative or disabling conditions or disease. They
must agree to meet the obligations of a PCP and have experience in and are willing to
provide primary care services.
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2.5.2
Application
Providers who wish to be a PCP in the PC Plus program must be actively enrolled in
the Vermont Medicaid program and are required to complete and return the PCP
Agreement For Participation.”
Providers who are enrolling with PC Plus as a group, must complete a single
“Application for Participation”, signed by a representative of the practice group. The
PCP Agreement for Participation and the Provider Enrollment Agreement can be
accessed at http://www.vtmedicaid.com/Downloads/forms.html.
2.5.3
Enrollment Minimum/Maximum
PC Plus PCPs can set a limit on the number of PC Plus members to be enrolled in
their practice. Maximum enrollment for a PCP is 1500.
Should a PCP desire to increase or decrease the maximum number of members to be
managed, the PCP must notify HPES in writing at least 60 days prior to the new
change. A new Application for Participation will not be required.
2.5.4
Monthly Enrollment List
PCPs will receive a monthly roster of enrolled members. The roster does not assure
continuing eligibility; therefore, eligibility should be verified for each date of service
prior to rendering the service. It is required that incorrect member information is
noted and a revised roster be returned to the HPES Enrollment Unit for updating.
This information may be returned by fax to 802-878-3440, Attn: enrollment or mailed
to: HP Enterprise Services, Attn: Enrollment, PO Box 888, Williston, VT 05495.
2.5.5
Provider Enrollment Status Change
PCPs must notify HPES in writing should any of the changes listed below occur
which will affect participation in the plan. Mail written notification to HP Enterprise
Services, PC Plus, and P.O. Box 888, Williston, Vermont 05495-0888 or faxed to (802)
878-3440.
Group Composition
If there is any change in the composition of individual providers in a group that
originally agreed to participate in the Primary Care Plus Plan, the moving PCP is
required to complete a new Agreement for Participation prior to the effective date of
change.
In addition, any provider who has not previously participated in the PC Plus plan
will need to complete the Agreement for Participation located at
http://www.vtmedicaid.com/Downloads/forms.html
Office Location
Any change in PCP office address, telephone numbers or name of practice, must be
communicated in writing to HPES as soon as possible and prior to the effective date
of the change.
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2.5.6
Notice of Termination of Participation in PCP Plus
All individually participating or group identified PCPs must notify HPES of their
intention to withdraw from participation, in writing, at least 90 days prior to the
termination date. Providers are required to give their patients 30 day notice prior to
termination.
2.5.7
Hospital Admitting Privileges
A PC Plus PCP must have either local hospital admitting privileges or a formal
arrangement with a physician who has local hospital admitting privileges and who
agrees to abide by PC Plus requirements.
2.5.8
Referrals
Referral of PC Plus members can be made to any provider currently enrolled in the
Vermont Medicaid program.
The goals of the referral process are to:
•
Ensure that the PCP is involved in medical decisions affecting members
•
Reduce utilization of unnecessary medical services
•
Reduce duplication of services
•
Promote continuity of care
The PCP will be responsible for coordinating care between the member and any
specialty care that the member may need through the referral system. A referral
takes place when a participating PCP refers their PC Plus member for medically
necessary covered services not normally provided by the PCP. Referrals by the
member’s PCP will be required for payment of claims submitted by specialty
providers. Members seeking specialty care without a referral from their PCP will be
responsible for the visit, if they are informed in advance and in writing that because
they have no referral, they will have to accept financial responsibility for the visit.
See Section 6.5 Notice That Medicaid Will Not Be Accepted.
Effective July 1, 2012, non-emergency (elective) out-of-state medical visits will
require prior authorization from the DVHA Clinical Unit. Out-of-State Network
Hospitals and Extended Network Hospitals are excluded from this requirement.
In network referring providers must submit requests using the Out-ofState Elective Office Visit Request Form located at
http://dvha.vermont.gov/for-providers/forms-1. Fax requests to 802-879-5963.
Referrals may be made orally or in writing. Both the PCP and the referral to
specialty provider are required to keep documentation of the referral in the patient’s
medical records. The referral must include the following information:
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•
Patient identification information
•
Date
•
Reason for referral
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•
Requested service (evaluate, evaluate and treat)
Providers who make referrals in writing may do so using their own referral form.
Referral forms do not need to be attached when submitting claims. The referral
provider will be reimbursed on a fee-for-service basis for Vermont Medicaid covered
services.
The following services do not require a referral from the PCP:
2.5.9
•
Chiropractic services
•
Dental services (Medicaid/Dr. Dynasaur only)
•
Emergency services
•
Family planning services, defined as services that prevent or delay pregnancy
•
Gynecological services
•
Naturopathic services
•
Personal care for children
•
Prenatal and maternity care
•
Routine eye exams for adults/children and eyeglasses for children
•
Mental health services
•
School-based health services
•
Services rendered by the PCP or those providing back-up coverage for the
PCP
•
Substance abuse services
•
Local Transportation services (Medicaid/Dr. Dynasaur only)
Case Management Responsibilities
In addition to providing primary care services, PCPs must provide a number of case
management services. Responsibilities include:
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•
For referrals, the PCP must use Vermont Medicaid participating providers or
providers enrolled to serve members enrolled in the PC Plus program, unless the
required service is not otherwise available from a currently enrolled Vermont
Medicaid provider. If the PCP wants to use a provider who is not enrolled, HPES
should be notified to solicit the enrollment of the provider.
•
The PCP must have provisions for access to 24-hour/seven days-per-week
coverage that will assure practitioner availability in person or by phone.
•
The PCP (or PCP’s practice) must maintain office-visiting hours at least four
days per week for at least twenty-five hours per week for member appointments,
unless this provision is waived by the DVHA in order to assure access to services
and providers. Participating PCPs who work in a practice on a part-time basis,
must inform the DVHA of the times they are available to see patients.
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•
DVHA may request a corrective action plan from the PCP if timely access
responsibilities are not met.
•
The PCP must assure that all members have a current medical history and
record, and must maintain medical records for each member.
•
The PCP must agree to adhere to the appointment waiting times standards set
out in the Medicaid Rule 7101.3 O (1)(b). These appointment standards state
that any member should have immediate access to emergency care and for nonemergent care be seen within: 24 hours for urgent care, 2 weeks for non-urgent
care with prompt follow-up and 90 days for preventive and routine physical
examinations and 30 days for routine, laboratory, x-ray, general optometry, and
all other routine services.
•
PCPs must provide all covered primary care services consistent with their
qualifications.
•
The PCP must assure that every child or adolescent enrolled in the practice is
screened according to the requirements of the Vermont Department of Health’s
EPSDT Periodicity Schedule.
•
The PCP must follow the provisions of the Generic Drug Act where it permits
substitution and will prescribe the lowest cost equivalent available.
•
After consultation with specialists, the PCP will review and approve medically
necessary specialty services as appropriate, except for services exempted or those
approved by the DVHA or the DVHA’s designated prior authorization agent.
•
The PCP must participate in quality improvement projects agreed to by
participants in the PC Plus network and the DVHA.
•
The PCP must cooperate with the DVHA’s accessibility surveyors. The DVHA
will provide each PCP practice site with the results of any accessibility survey
conducted.
•
The PCP must notify the DVHA of any change in his/her office physical plant
that might change physical accessibility to The Department.
2.3.10 Case Management Fee and Treatment Plan
In addition to fee-for-service reimbursement, PCPs will be paid a monthly case
management fee for each member assigned to their practice. The PCP does not need to
file a claim for the case management fee. Claims for the monthly fee will be generated
by HPES based on the number of members enrolled in the practice and payment will
appear on the Remittance Advice (RA). Actual services provided to members will be
reimbursed on a fee-for-service basis in accordance with Vermont Medicaid fee-forservice payment policies and procedures.
When a PCP develops a treatment plan for a member, the PCP may submit a claim to
HPES for reimbursement for the development of this plan using procedure code G9001.
A PCP may submit no more than one treatment plan claim, per member, per calendar
year. A covering practitioner cannot bill for a treatment plan. Payment will be made in
accordance with the Vermont Medicaid fee schedule for this service. The treatment plan
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does not have to be submitted with the claim; however, it must be kept in the member’s
medical records. Treatment plans must include, at a minimum, the following
information:
•
Presenting clinical problems
•
Expected outcomes
•
Services required, including level of intensity
•
Provider(s) of services
Section 3 Policies & Other Informational Resources
3.1 Advisory
The Vermont Health Access Advisory is a bi-monthly publication of HPES and DVHA.
This newsletter provides important information which is necessary for accurate billing to
Vermont Medicaid. Providers may retain copies for the Advisory and consult them
whenever a question arises regarding DVHA policy or procedure or use the Advisory
archive http://www.vtmedicaid.com/Downloads/bulletins.html.To request electronic
delivery, e-mail [email protected]
3.2 Banner Page
The first page of the Remittance Advice (RA), the weekly report listing the status of each
claim and any pertinent financial information, is referred to as the banner page.
Messages on the banner page keep providers informed of important changes in policy or
billing procedures. The banner page may be the only or first notification of a change in
billing procedure. It is the provider’s responsibility to obtain this information from their
RA regarding DVHA policy or procedure. Banner pages are posted online weekly at
www.vtmedicaid.com/Information/whatsnew.html and are archived at the same
online location.
The Banner Page can be emailed directly to you when you join our communications email
distribution list. Send your email address to [email protected] to
receive this provider resource and other communications relevant to Vermont Medicaid.
3.3 Claim Edit Standards
Vermont Medicaid adheres to the following edit standards:
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•
AMA, CPT, HCPCS and NCCI;
•
National Specialty Edit Standards; or
•
Proprietary NCPDP-compliant pharmacy adjudication software provided
through our Prescription Benefit Management(PBM) Catamaran ® and
•
Other appropriate nationally-recognized edit standards, guidelines or
conventions approved by the commissioner.
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3.4 Correct Form Versions
The Department of Vermont Health Access and HP Enterprise Services requires the use
of current form versions, this includes but is not limited to: prior authorization requests
and patient consent forms. All requests and patient consent forms received on outdated
form versions will be denied.
3.5 Manuals for Providers
The Provider Manual, Dental Supplement and Inpatient Psychiatric & Detoxification
Authorization Manual Supplement are available at
http://www.vtmedicaid.com/Downloads/manuals.html. The 340B Medicaid Carve in
Manual is located at http://www.vtmedicaid.com/Downloads/forms.html.
The Pharmacy Benefit Management Program Provider Manual is located at
http://dvha.vermont.gov/for-providers under the Pharmacy section. The Pharmacy
Benefit Management Program is for prescription drugs dispensed by retail pharmacies.
DVHA clinical coverage guidelines for Durable Medical Equipment (DME), Laboratory
and Radiology, Therapy, J Codes, Intensive Social Support Services, and other services
are located at http://dvha.vermont.gov/for-providers/clinical-coverage-guidelines.
Check monthly for manual revisions.
3.6 Medicaid Rule & State Plan Resources
Medicaid Rule, along with other DVHA rules is located online at
http://humanservices.vermont.gov/on-line-rules/dvha.
Note: Per State statute, Vermont’s Secretary of State is charged with publication of a
bulletin of rules. As such, the Secretary of State is the official source for the most current
and comprehensive rules for DVHA. DVHA is not responsible for reliance on regulations
posted should rules be different than those posted on the Secretary of State website. An
electronic copy of the rules maintained by the Secretary of State is available via
http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/codeofvtrules/.
3.7 National Correct Coding Initiative (NCCI)
In accordance with the National Correct Coding Initiative (NCCI), Vermont Medicaid has
implemented pre-payment edits and applies NCCI guidelines for claims with a date of
service on or after 10/01/2010.
MUE (Medically Unlikely Edits) have been implemented and apply to all Professional,
ASC, Hospital and DME claims.
Vermont Medicaid is currently following the CMS MUE list (not Medicare’s). This list is
available for review at
http://www.cms.gov/apps/ama/license.asp?file=/NationalCorrectCodInitEd/downloads/MCR_
MUE_PractitionerServices.zip
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DVHA implemented the Procedure to Procedure NCCI edit effective 01/01/12. Edit
guidelines are available at:
http://www.cms.gov/NationalCorrectCodInitEd/NCCIEP/list.asp#TopOfPage
3.8 Remittance Advice
The Remittance Advice (RA) is a computer-generated report provided by the fiscal
agent. It indicates the status of all claims that have been submitted for processing and
payment information. The RA is posted at http://www.vtmedicaid.com under
Transaction Services on a weekly basis. The banner page of the RA provides important
information about policy and billing.
•
When a provider submits VT Medicaid claims via electronic claim submission
(ECS) directly or through a clearinghouse or billing service, the Remittance
Advice (RA) will be posted to the VT Medicaid Portal at
http://www.vtmedicaid.com.
•
When a provider is not set up for ECS and is only submitting paper claims to
Vermont Medicaid, the RA will be mailed weekly; however, if the provider
switches to ECS, the RA will be posted to the web and the RA mailing will stop.
•
When a provider is set up for ECS, all RA information will be posted to the Web
Portal regardless of whether the claims were submitted on paper, electronically
or any combination thereof.
Provider payments are made at the end of the week on Friday. The system maintains
the four most recent Web RAs. When a fifth RA is posted to the Web Portal, the oldest
dated RA will drop off the system. Once an RA drops off the system, it cannot be
reposted; therefore, it is highly recommended that RA copies are saved/printed for
future reference.
The Web RA can be accessed via two different account types a Trading Partner account,
and a Provider Web Services (PWS) account.
•
Go to http://www.vtmedicaid.com
If you have a Trading Partner Account (User id starts with 701…) click on
Transaction Services, then Production Logon.
If you have a PWS account, click on Provider Web Services.
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•
Use the Account ID and password to Logon
•
For either method of access after logging on, click on View RA Files
•
Pick the Provider Number from the drop down (if you have more than one)
•
Click Go
•
Click on the appropriate pdf
•
Click Open (this should display the RA on the screen)
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For questions about an existing account, creating an account, or accessing the Web RA,
please contact the EDI Coordinator at 802-879-4450, select option 3 or email at
[email protected]
Providers with questions about their RA’s content are to contact the HPES Help Desk
at 800-925-1706 in-state or 802-878-7871 out-of-state.
3.8.1 The 835 Transaction (Electronic Remittance Advice)
Vermont Medicaid posts the 835 weekly, to the web portal www.vtmedicaid.com, for
Trading Partners who have elected the 835 transaction. The 835 is a pull from the
website (i.e. must be downloaded). There is no restriction on the number of times the
835 can be downloaded and it is available until it rolls off the system; at a minimum,
it is available for at least one month from the posting date.
Normal processing has financial cycle running on a Friday with the 835 posting late
the following Monday or Tuesday. The requirement for the 835 posting is +/- (plus or
minus) 3 days from the EFT effective date (always the Thursday following a financial
cycle). In the event the 835 will be delayed past the required Sunday posting date, a
banner will be placed on the web site referencing the delay, and if known, the cause
and the expected posting time and date.
If your 835 is missing after Sunday (EFT+3), and no banner has been posted stating
its release is delayed, please contact the EDI Coordinator at 802 879-4450 Option 3,
or email [email protected] Include your Trading Partner ID and the week you
are referencing.
Section 4 Member Information
4.1 Eligibility
"Member" is the term used to refer to a person who has been determined eligible for and
enrolled in one of the Vermont health insurance programs. Eligibility is determined at
the Health Access Eligibility Unit or a district office of the Vermont Department for
Children and Families, based on a review of the applicant's needs, income and resources.
The various Vermont health insurance programs have differing eligibility requirements
and benefits. Effective January 1, 2014, individuals who are 65 or older, blind or are
disabled and not yet entitled to or don’t have Medicaid must apply for health care benefits
through Vermont Health Connect at http://healthconnect.vermont.gov/ or by calling
1-855-899-9600.
Each member is assigned a unique identification (UID) number and receives a Green
Mountain Care member card imprinted with their name and UID. The UID number will
be 1 to 8 digits in length and is to be entered on the claim exactly as it is shown on the
member’s card.
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When submitting an electronic claim for member with a one digit Unique ID Number
insert a zero in front of the single digit UID (04, 05, 06 and etc.); to allow the claim to be
accepted. This instruction does not apply to paper claims.
Providers must verify the patient's eligibility and other insurance information using the
patient's Medicaid UID number by accessing either of the automated eligibility
verification systems.
4.1.1
Partial Eligibility
Providers are allowed to compliantly bill the correct monthly code that meets the
definition of the actual services provided in a month for members who have partial
eligibly in that month. However, providers may only bill the dates-of-service during the
time frame in which the member is actively eligible for Medicaid.
4.1.2
Eligibility Verification
The Green Mountain Care Eligibility Verification System (EVS) provides member
information to participating health care providers. There are two components of the
EVS that are described in this manual and Appendix.
•
Voice Response System (VRS), 802-878-7871, option 1; or
•
Transaction Services at http://www.vtmedicaid.com/Interactive/login2.html.
If for any reason you are unable to use either method, you may call the HPES Provider
Services Help Desk at (800) 925-1706 or (802) 878-7871.
The EVS delivers a response that is clear to the user and appropriate for the method of
access used in making the inquiry. The DVHA encourages all providers to take full
advantage of this system to verify a patient’s eligibility status before services are
rendered. This system offers the following functionality:
•
Available 24 hours a day, seven days a week (except for routine maintenance)
•
Responds with rapid verification information
•
Substantially minimizes the risk of non-payment for services rendered to ineligible
patients
•
Decreases the number of claim resubmissions due to inaccurate eligibility
information
Providers should complete all VRS or website transactions to be sure that all the
pertinent information is captured. Compare the aid category given on the VRS or
VTMedicaid.com website to the aid category listing (see appendix), in order to determine
the program in which the member is enrolled in. This will assist you in determining
covered services and co-payment requirements where applicable. Providers may verify
eligibility for the current date, up to one year in the past and rely on the accuracy of the
response for up to nine days beyond the current date.
Providers should retain the authorization number issued by the system to assure that
the information received can be verified by the system. The number is not a guarantee
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of payment. The member must be eligible on the date of service and the services
provided must be medically necessary and covered.
In addition to eligibility verification, providers can receive other insurance information
and determine if service limits are approaching or have been reached. Providers can
also confirm the amount to be paid in the next RA or if that amount is zero, the amount
and date of the last payment given.
All provider calls to HPES are routed through the VRS. Spoken prompts will direct you
on how to access the service/information you require Contact the HPES Provider
Services Unit for information that is not available through VRS or the VTMedicaid.com
website.
At the beginning of each call users are asked to enter their Vermont Medicaid provider
number followed by their PIN number. The provider number and PIN number are a
security measure to ensure the user is authorized to access the requested information. If
the provider or PIN numbers entered are not valid or current, access will be blocked.
To expedite the process, please have the following information ready when placing a call
to the VRS:
•
Provider number
•
Provider PIN number
•
Member identification number
•
Dates of service
Transactions are limited to ten (10) per call are (example: five eligibility and five
service limits)
Providers using the VRS have access to the following data:
Eligibility Verification
•
Date-specific eligibility
•
Third party liability information (up to five segments)
•
Member lock-in data
•
Date of birth
•
Co-pay indication
•
Service Limitations when exhausted
•
Office visits
•
Visual refractions
•
Visual glasses
•
Adult dental benefits (dollars spent)
•
Last dental oral exam
•
Chiropractic visits
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•
Current RA check amount
Carrier Codes
Carrier Codes are two or three digit codes that identify other insurance carriers. The
complete list can be accessed on the Vermont Medicaid Portal at
http://www.vtmedicaid.com/Downloads/manuals.html.
4.2 Identification
A Green Mountain Care identification card is issued to each person enrolled in a
Vermont Medicaid program. Members must present their card for any covered service.
Because the card is not surrendered when eligibility stops, providers must verify
eligibility each time a medical service is delivered to be certain that the member is
eligible on the date that the service is provided. The system knows of each termination of
benefits nine days prior to the effective date. Verification can be made up to nine days in
advance of the appointment. Note: there are only 25 spaces on the Green Mountain
Care card for the member’s name so some names will not be completely printed.
4.3 Member Bill of Rights
DVHA is a Managed Care Organization (MCO) and must ensure that its enrolled health
care providers are aware of our Member Bill of Rights and that health care providers take
these rights into account when providing services to members.
The Member Bill of Rights
As a member of a Vermont health care program, an individual member has the right to:
•
Be treated with respect and courtesy
•
Be treated with thoughtfulness for his or her dignity and privacy
•
Choose and change providers
•
Get facts about program services and providers
•
Get complete, current information about his or her health in understandable terms
•
Be involved in decisions about his or her health care, including having questions
answered and having the right to refuse treatment
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•
Ask for and get a copy of his or her medical records and ask for changes to be made
to them when he or she believes the information is wrong
•
Get a second opinion from a qualified provider who is enrolled in Vermont
Medicaid
•
Complain about the program or his or her health care
•
Be free from any form of restraint or isolation used as a means of bullying,
discipline, convenience, or retaliation
•
Ask for an appeal if services are denied that he or she thinks are needed
4.4 Member Cost Sharing/Co-pays and Premiums
Certain members must participate in the cost of care for services.
Co-payments are never required of Medicaid members who are:
•
Under age 21;
•
Pregnant or in a 60-day post-pregnancy period;
•
Living in a long-term care facility, nursing home or hospice;
Copayments are not required for family planning services and supplies, emergency
services (includes: dental services covered by a GA Voucher), and durable medical
equipment (DME) and medical supplies.
Although some members are required to make co-payments under Medicaid, if the
member is unable to make the payment, Medicaid providers may not deny services. Per
section 1916(c) of the Social Security Act, "no provider participating under the State
[Medicaid] plan may deny care of services to an individual eligible for [Medicaid] on
account of such individual's inability to pay [the copayment]."
Medicaid Co-Pays
$1.00 - for prescription drugs costing less than $30.00
$2.00 - for prescription drugs costing $30.00 or more but
less than $50.00
$3.00 - for prescription drugs costing $50.00 or more
$3.00 - per dental visit
$3.00 - per day for hospital outpatient services
VPharm Pharmacy
Aid Categories VD, VE, VF, VG, VH, VI, VJ, VK, VL, VM, VN & VO:
$1.00 - Co-pays for prescriptions less than $30.00
$2.00 - Prescriptions $30.00 or more
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VPharm covers drug classes that are excluded from the Part D benefit.
Medicare Crossover Coverage: For members with category codes VG, VH, VI.
Vision Coverage: For members with category codes VG, VD, VJ & VM.
Healthy Vermonter’s Program
Aid Category VP
Offers access to drugs at a discounted price, which is the Vermont Medicaid rate for
prescription drugs.
4.5 Qualified Medicaid Member (QMB)
A QMBY’s only benefit is Medicare cost sharing coverage. They are not considered dual
eligible.
•
PQ – Pure QMB
•
VG – %150 VPharm and QMB
•
VH – %175 VPharm and QMB
•
VI – %225 VPharm and QMB
4.6 Notice of Decision
The Department for Children and Families (DCF) notifies members in writing of its
decisions made regarding eligibility, retroactive eligibility, spend-down requirements and
other determinations of status or program changes. These letters are called “Notice of
Decision” letters and are issued by the district office or HAEU. A copy of the Notice of
Decision is a required attachment for certain claims involving spend-down.
4.7 Court Ordered Services
If a member is mandated by a court to seek a service, the service may be covered if it
meets the medical necessity and Vermont Medicaid guidelines.
4.8 Retroactive Eligibility
Vermont Medicaid eligibility is occasionally granted retroactively. The provider may bill
for services rendered during the retroactive period. A note indicating the date of
retroactive eligibility must accompany the claim to waive the timely filing limit; see
section, 8.1 Timely Filing.
4.9 Member Appeal Process
Members may ask for review of certain actions if they disagree with the action. For
decisions made by DVHA, a request for an appeal or fair hearing may be requested
through Green Mountain Care Member Services by calling 1-800-250-8427 or by letter
to: Green Mountain Care Member Services, Department of Vermont Health Access, 101
Cherry Street, Suite 320, Burlington, VT 05401. Requests must be made within 90 days
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from the decision date and appeals are heard by a qualified person not responsible for the
original decision.
A provider may ask for an appeal on behalf of the member, if requested to do so by the
member. In most instances, a decision will be made within 45 days of the appeal request.
In some instances, the process can be extended up to an additional 14 days. However, a
decision will always be made within 59 days of the appeal request.
If the need for the denied benefit is an emergency, an expedited appeal may be requested.
If after review it is determined that the appeal is an emergency, a decision will be made
within three business days.
The following actions may be appealed:
•
Denial or limit of a covered service or eligibility for service, including the type,
scope or level of service;
•
Reduction, suspension or termination of a previously approved covered service or a
service plan;
•
Denial, in whole or in part, of payment for a covered service;
•
Failure to provide a clinically-indicated covered service, by any provider;
•
Failure to act in a timely manner when required by State rule;
•
Denial of a request to obtain covered services from a provider who is not enrolled
in Medicaid (note that the provider who is not enrolled in Medicaid cannot be
reimbursed by Medicaid).
Members with an employer –sponsored insurance plan may call the customer service
number on the back of their ID card to obtain information on appealing a decision made
by that plan.
When a member is told that the benefit has changed because of a change in a federal or
state law, the member may not ask for an appeal but may request a fair hearing. For
additional information, refer to the Health Care Programs Handbook located at
http://www.greenmountaincare.org/member_information.html, Member Handbooks.
4.10 Fair Hearing
A member that disagrees with the appeal decision may request a fair hearing by the
department responsible for the decision. The request must be made within 90 days from
the date of the original notice of decision or action, or 30 days from the date of an appeal
decision.
4.11 Advanced Directives
Hospitals, nursing homes, home health agencies, hospices and prepaid health care
organizations are required to provide certain patients with information about their right
to formulate advance directives and maintain written policies and procedures with
respect to advance directives. They are also required to document in patients’ files
whether or not an advance directive is in effect, provide education for staff and the
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community on issues concerning advance directives, and ensure compliance with State
law on advanced directives at their facilities. Providers are responsible to guard the
confidentiality of member information in a matter consistent with the confidentiality
requirements in 45 CFR parts 160 and 164 and as required by state law.
http://www.cms.hhs.gov/securitystandard/downloads/securityfinalrule.pdf.
Providers can obtain Advance Directive (AD) forms and additional information on AD
from the Vermont Ethics Network website: http://www.vtethicsnetwork.org/ or by mailing
your request to:
Vermont Ethics Network
61 Elm Street
Montpelier, Vermont 05602
Section 5 Provider Enrollment, Licensing & Certification
5.1
Enrollment & Certification
In order to participate in and receive reimbursement from Vermont Medicaid Programs,
providers must be enrolled. Licensed or certified health care providers may be enrolled as
Vermont Medicaid providers if at least one service they provide is recognized in the
Vermont Medicaid State Plan. Any health care provider who is interested in becoming
enrolled in the Vermont Medicaid program should contact the HPES Provider Enrollment
Unit. Enrollment requires that the provider submit a signed provider agreement and a copy
of the applicable license/certification document and meet all federal and state
requirements. When the DVHA accepts an application, a Vermont Medicaid provider ID
number will be issued. Payments will not be made until a provider number has been
assigned.
Enrollment may include the following:
•
Regular enrollment is for participating providers who are in-state and out-of-state
in network as well providers that are determined by DVHA to contribute to the
Green Mountain Care network., and see Vermont Medicaid members on a
regular basis.
•
The attending physician, whether the physician or practitioner who actually performs
the services for the patient or the referring or prescribing provider, must be enrolled as
a participating Vermont Medicaid provider.
•
Court ordered enrollment is for providers whose services have been ordered by a
court, a fair hearing decision or by a Coverage Exception.
•
Request (M108/7104) decision of the commissioner. Court ordered providers would
only be enrolled for dates consistent with the order/decision.
•
Special status is granted for out-of-state and out-of-network providers who have
seen a Vermont Medicaid member in an emergency or urgent situation, or who
have been prior approved for out-of-state services. The DVHA does not deem a
provider enrolled in Medicare as enrolled in Vermont Medicaid. DVHA will pay
for emergency and post-emergency stabilizations services delivered by providers
who were not enrolled at the time of the emergency.
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•
Note: Non-participating enrollment is no longer accepted.
A provider cannot be paid for a date of service when the provider is not enrolled. If a
provider has not been enrolled in Vermont Medicaid, the effective date for Vermont
Medicaid enrollment is the date on which HP received the completed enrollment
application. If a provider has been enrolled in Vermont Medicaid and re-enrollment is
completed within 30 days of the last certification date, there will be no lapse in
enrollment. If a provider has been enrolled in Vermont Medicaid and re-enrollment is
completed in more than 30 days of the last certification date, the new enrollment date is
the date on which HP received the completed re-certification application, unless an
extension has been granted to a Primary Care Plus Primary Care Physician (PCP) for
good cause. Special status providers will be enrolled for a date, or dates, agreed upon by
the DVHA and the provider. Retroactive enrollment will be allowed to cover urgent or
emergent care delivered by a provider outside of Vermont that is not considered a border
provider.
A provider must be re-certified in order to continue participation in the program.
Approximately 60 days prior to the re-certification date, a recertification request letter
will be sent to the provider’s address on file. The recertification letter will include the
information and directions necessary to complete the recertification process. Providers are
required to forward a copy of their current provider license, recertification request letter
and in some cases the Provider Enrollment/Recertification Form, at time of notification. A
complete list of Provider Enrollment Forms can be accessed at
http://www.vtmedicaid.com/Downloads/forms.html.
To assure that provider enrollment is uninterrupted; all requested applicable
documentation is required to be returned to HPES by the date indicated on the
recertification request letter.
Enrollment will be rejected if:
•
Mandatory information is not received
•
The provider is disbarred or sanctioned from participation in federal programs
The provider is disbarred or sanctioned by the State of Vermont
Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments (CLIA)
Providers that provide laboratory services are required to include a current copy of their
CLIA certification at time of enrollment or recertification.
5.1.1 Enrollment Agreement Signatures
All signatures must be original and signed in ink. Applications with signatures deemed
not original will not be processed. Stamped, faxed or copied signatures will not be
accepted.
Exception:
Faxed signatures are allowed for certain cases including but not limited to out-of-state
special enrollment for a single member and other special enrollment cases as identified
by DVHA. Upon receipt of the faxed provider enrollment agreement, HPES is directed
to telephone the provider to confirm that the provider did in fact send the fax. HPES
may then begin the screening and enrollment process. Enrollment, including the
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assignment of a Vermont Medicaid provider number, may be completed with the use of
the faxed agreement only.
5.2 Payment Conditions
Providers are entitled to payment for diagnostic, therapeutic, rehabilitative or palliative
services when all of the following conditions are met:
•
The provider is enrolled with Vermont Medicaid
•
The services are covered by the applicable program
•
The services are medically necessary
•
The services are within the scope of the provider’s license
•
The services are documented in the patient’s medical records
•
Prior approval, if required, has been obtained
•
The claim is submitted within the timely filing limits and contains all required
information
•
The provider complies with the Advance Directives Law
•
The member is eligible on the date of service
•
Billing may not be done in advance of any service to be performed or supplied
5.3 Conditions of Participation
The Conditions of Participation are stated in the Provider Enrollment/Recertification
Agreement. Please consult your current agreement for details.
5.4 Documentation of Services
Each provider must keep written documentation for all medical services, actual case
record notes for any services performed, or business records that pertain to members for
services provided and payments claimed or received. All documentation must be legible,
contain complete and adequate information and applicable dates. Providers must submit
information upon request of the State Agency of Human Services, Office of the Vermont
Attorney General or U.S, Secretary of Health and Human Services and at no charge to
the requester. The documentation for any service that was billed must be kept for seven
years. This information must also be available at any time for on-site audits. Records of
any business transactions between the provider and any wholly owned supplier, or
between the provider and any subcontractor, during the 5 year period ending on the date
of the request, must be submitted within 35 days of the request.
5.5 Rights & Responsibilities
Participation in Vermont Medicaid is voluntary. Participating health care providers:
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•
May not discriminate on the basis of race, color, sexual orientation, or national
origin
•
May not treat a Vermont Medicaid member any differently than a patient with other
payer sources
•
May not refuse service to a Vermont Medicaid member simply because the member
is covered by other health insurance
•
Must meet commonly accepted standards of professional practice.
•
Must submit claims and required documentation in a form acceptable to the State of
Vermont
•
Must ensure that claims are received within the timely filing limits
•
May not bill Vermont Medicaid or member any fee for missing a scheduled
appointment per Federal Medicaid policy
•
Adhere to other applicable federal and State of Vermont laws, rules and procedures
5.6 Termination
Providers who no longer wish to participate in the Vermont Medicaid Program may
terminate their enrollment at any time by either writing a letter to HPES or by
indicating in the Vermont Medicaid Provider Identification Record form during annual
re-certification. If requested, the provider’s enrollment will be closed on the date specified.
Providers are required to give their patients 30 day notice prior to termination. Primary
care providers in PC Plus are required to give 90 day notice before termination of the PC
Plus agreement.
Section 6 Coordination of Benefits/Medicaid Payment Liability/Third
Party Liability
6.1 Contractual Allowance
Vermont Medicaid is payer of last resort, and as such, will not consider and pay amounts
that are considered to be the contractual allowable amount of a primary insurer.
Providers must reduce the expected payment from Vermont Medicaid and note the
contractual allowable adjustment of a primary insurer. When another insurance carrier
has made a payment, you must add the contractual allowable adjustment/discount
amount to the payment and document the total in the appropriate field on your claim
form.
When the entire allowed amount is applied to the primary insurance deductible do not
enter the contractual allowance.
Vermont Medicaid will consider payment based on the Vermont Medicaid allowed amount
after deducting the other insurance payment and contractual allowable
adjustment/discount amounts.
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6.2 Reimbursement of Overpayments
Providers are reminded of the 2009 Fraud Enforcement and Recovery Act (FERA) which
amended the False Claims Act, 31 U.S.C §§3729-3733, by increasing the scope of the false
claims liability to include persons who knowingly conceal the retention of any
overpayment of government money and the 2010 Patient Protections and Affordable Care
Act (PPACA) which directly linked the retention of overpayments to false claims liability.
PPACA requires the report and return of all overpayments within 60 days after the date
on which the overpayment was identified or the date the corresponding cost report was
due, whichever is later. Additionally, providers must submit notification in writing as to
the reason of the overpayment. HPES will forward any cases in which the discovered
overpayment was not refunded during the timeline mandated by PPACA to the DVHA
Program Integrity Unit for their review.
Hospitals (in addition to the above information) HPES contracts with AIM HealthCare to
audit hospitals for credit balances on accounts. This arrangement does not negate the
provider's responsibility to report and return overpayments timely. HPES will forward
any cases in which the discovered overpayment was not refunded during the timeline
mandated by PPACA to the DVHA Program Integrity Unit for their review.
6.3 Who is Responsible for Payment?
Verifying eligibility before service:
Providers are expected to verify eligibility for every member prior to providing the service
or item to be clear about who has financial responsibility for the service. Eligibility can be
verified up to nine days in advance however, this is not a guarantee of payment.
Eligibility can be verified through the automated Voice Response System (VRS/Malcolm),
online Transaction Services (www.vtmedicaid.com) or by calling the Provider Services
Unit help desk. When an eligible aid category code is given, the provider should
determine that the service to be provided is covered within that aid category. This will
also show what other insurance is on file. To ensure timely processing of your claim,
validate other insurance with member or refer them to the Department for Children and
Families.
Billing the Member
If the provider bills Vermont Medicaid for a service or item, the provider may not bill the
patient for any reason except the following:
•
The amount due is for unpaid Vermont Medicaid co-payments and deductibles
•
The claim was denied for lack of eligibility and the date of service was greater
than 60 days beyond the loss of eligibility date
•
The claim was denied because another insurer’s rules were not followed
•
The claim is submitted to Medicaid by Medicare for a patient enrolled in a
Medicaid pharmacy only plan or
•
If the HPES system reports that a member has other insurance, the provider
must bill the service or item to the other medical insurance prior to billing
Vermont Medicaid. If the member is no longer enrolled with the other insurer
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and the member does not report the insurance change to Vermont Medicaid
within 30 days and after the 30 days have lapsed, the HPES system still reports that
the patient has other insurance, the provider may bill the member.
•
Under the Provider Enrollment Agreement (Conditions of Participation #9), failure
to give advance notice that a Vermont Medicaid payment will not be accepted
prevents the provider from billing the member. If the member is eligible for Vermont
Medicaid and the provider has made the decision not to bill Vermont Medicaid for
the service or item requested, the member must be informed in advance of providing
the service.
Federal Medicaid policy does not permit providers to bill Vermont Medicaid or the
member any fee for missing a scheduled appointment.
6.3.1 Supplementation
Once Vermont Medicaid has been billed for a service or item, the provider may not
attempt to collect any additional reimbursement for that service or item from the
member, the member’s family or anyone acting on behalf of the member, except for:
•
The applicable conditions described below in section 6.4 Who is Primary
•
Permitted deductible and co-payment amounts
•
Specific allowed supplementations authorized in Medicaid Rule 7602
6.4 Who Is Primary
When the DVHA is the primary payer (i.e. the HPES system indicates no other insurer)
and Vermont Medicaid payment is accepted, the provider should submit all bills to the
DVHA’s fiscal intermediary and never to the patient. Under the provider agreement, the
provider has agreed to accept the DVHA’s payment or denial (except as enumerated
above) as payment in full.
When the HPES system shows a source other than the DVHA as the primary payer (such
as Medicare or any other insurance carrier) the DVHA is the payer of last resort. Under
the provider agreement, certain restrictions apply.
When Vermont Medicaid is secondary to a private insurer and a co-payment is required
by the primary insurer at time of service, the provider is to bill the claim to Vermont
Medicaid and indicate the amount paid by the primary insurance. Vermont Medicaid
reimburses their allowed amount, minus the amount the other insurer has paid.
Providers that do not wish to bill Vermont Medicaid for the co-payment are only allowed
to bill the member if they notify the member in writing, prior to rendering the service,
that they will not bill Vermont Medicaid for the co-payment. The member must sign and
date this notification; please retain documentation in the member’s file.
If the third party payment was made directly to the member, the provider may bill the
member for the amount paid by such third parties. In addition, the provider may collect
patient liability or spend-down amounts.
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6.5 Notice That Medicaid Will Not Be Accepted
If a provider does not intend to bill Vermont Medicaid for specific services, the patient
must be fully informed of the decision and its consequences prior to rendering the service.
Patients must understand that they will be financially responsible for the service(s). To
document that proper notice was given; providers are required to document the
agreement/understanding between member and provider on their letterhead.
Comprehensive documentation showing evidence that proper notice was given to the
member should include the following information:
1. Provider’s name and Vermont Medicaid provider ID number
2. Member’s name and signature (or signature of a parent, if the member is a minor)
3. Description of service(s) sought
4. A clear statement that the provider is unwilling to accept Vermont Medicaid
payment for the specific service(s) sought and if the member wants to get this
service from this provider, the member or responsible adult must accept full
financial responsibility
5. Date of signing
The provider is to give a copy to the member or responsible adult and retain a copy in the
member’s file. Failure to give advance notice prevents the provider from billing the
member. When the member or responsible adult accepts financial responsibility, the
claim cannot be submitted to HPES for processing.
6.6 Medicaid & Medicare Crossover Billing
A Green Mountain Care member may be eligible for both Vermont Medicaid and
Medicare. When dual eligibility exists, Medicare must be billed first on an assigned basis.
After Medicare payment, the DVHA pays deductibles and coinsurance for crossover
claims.
Providers must include their NPI and taxonomy code on any claims sent to Medicare in
order to assure proper automatic crossover and subsequent Vermont Medicaid processing
of your claims. Vermont Medicaid is aware that Medicare does not have this same
requirement but will include the taxonomy code, as submitted on the claim, on the
crossover file.
HP Enterprise Services does not accept a CMS‐1500 crossover claim submitted with
multiple Medicare Attachment Summary Forms. When submitting a CMS‐1500 crossover
claim that contains more than 6 details, each 6 details must be submitted as an
individual claim with its Medicare Summary Attachment Form; indicate the number of
details and the total. The total must equal only the sum of the detail lines listed on that
claim form.
The Department of Vermont Health Access reviews all Medicare crossover claims where
the Medicaid allowed amount (coinsurance / deductible) is over $10,000.00. These claims
require DVHA’s review and approval prior to payments being made. To facilitate the
processing of these claims, please attach the following information to your claim if the
expected coinsurance /deductible payment from Medicaid is over $10,000.00: the Medicare
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Attachment Summary Form, the Medicare EOMB and the discharge summary at the time
of submission. Any claims submitted without the required supporting documentation will
be denied.
Vermont and New Hampshire Providers:
In order to crossover, Vermont Medicaid eligibility information must be clearly indicated
on the Medicare claim. These claims, as well as any future adjustments to these claims,
will crossover automatically to HPES for payment. If you do not receive the DVHA
payment within 30 days of the Medicare paid date, submit the claim to HPES with the
Medicare Attachment Summary Form.
If a service or item is denied by Medicare as non-reimbursable and is reimbursable by the
DVHA, submit a CMS 1500 claim, completed to the DVHA specifications, along with the
Medicare denial to HPES within twelve months of the date of service.
Other Out-of-State Providers (Except New Hampshire):
All out-of-state providers should first bill their regional Medicare carrier for services to
dual eligible Vermont residents. After Medicare payment is received, send a claim to
HPES for payment of any coinsurance or deductible as follows:
•
Send a claim completed to the DVHA specifications with a copy of the Medicare
Attachment Summary Form. The Medicare payment date must appear on the
Medicare Attachment Summary Form.
•
If a service or item is denied by Medicare as non-reimbursable and is reimbursable
by the DVHA, submit a CMS 1500 claim with the EOMB, completed to the DVHA
specifications to HPES within twelve months of the date of service; see section 8.1
Timely Filing
6.7 Individual Consideration/Manual Pricing
The rates on file for certain procedure codes do not have specific dollar amounts because
no one amount is appropriate. In these cases, the rate on file is set at “IC” (individual
consideration). The fiscal intermediary and the DVHA will calculate the allowed amount.
This process is often called “manual pricing”. For DME, see section 11.1 Payment DVHA
Primary.
6.8
Third Party Liability (TPL)/Other Insurance (OI)
Vermont Medicaid is the payer of last resort. Providers are required to pursue and apply
all third party payment resources prior to billing Vermont Medicaid. Third party
resources include, but are not limited to, Medicare, private/group health insurance plans,
military and veteran’s benefits, Worker’s Compensation and accident (automobile,
homeowners, etc.) insurance. (See Section 6.9 for information specific to Workers
Compensation and Accident Liability Billing)
TPL-Verification
The member’s other insurance information, including the name of the other insurance
company, address, carrier code and type of coverage, is available on the Vermont
Medicaid website, Provider Web Services (http://www.vtmedicaid.com/secure/logon.do)
and the Voice Response System (VRS) when the provider checks the member’s eligibility.
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Providers will review the member’s eligibility information for the date of service and must
bill other insurance carrier(s) before billing Vermont Medicaid. Use of the available
information will guide providers in billing.
Timely Filing of OI Claims
Providers will respect the member’s right to receive all medically necessary services and
equipment in a timely manner and must submit claims to primary insurers promptly to
mitigate issues with member primary insurance benefits exhausting.
Other Insurance Denial/DVHA Authorization Request
The following procedures are required for DVHA authorization requests when the
primary insurer has reviewed and denied a claim request for an item or service:
OI Denial for Non-Covered or Benefits Exhausted
The provider is required to submit to the DVHA the authorization request form (Medical
Necessity Form or other) with all standard documentation, the notice of denial from the
primary insurer that indicates the item or service is not a covered benefit or that the
benefit limit was determined to be exhausted, and all necessary documentation to support
medical necessity. The DVHA will then review.
•
The provider does not need to appeal to the primary insurer before billing
Medicaid when the item/service is not covered or benefits are exhausted.
•
If the code/service does not require authorization from Vermont Medicaid, then
the provider can bill Medicaid directly with a copy of the primary insurer’s
denial attached.
OI Denial for Not Medically Necessary
The provider and/or member is required to pursue all levels of reconsideration and
appeals with the primary insurer. If the request remains denied by the primary insurer,
the provider and/or member is required to seek review by the Vermont Department of
Financial Regulation if the cost of the item or service exceeds $100. If the denial stands,
then the provider may submit the request to the DVHA with copies of all of the original
documentation, the denials from the primary insurer and the Department of Financial
Regulation’s support of the denial. The provider should not submit any additional
documentation than what was reviewed by the primary insurer.
•
If the code/service does not require authorization from Vermont Medicaid, then
the provider can bill Medicaid directly, with copies of the primary insurer’s
denials (original and appeals) and the Department of Financial Regulation’s support
of the denial attached.
OI Blanket Denials
Providers are required to submit blanket denials from a primary insurer to HPES every
calendar year, for example: a blanket denial issued on July 7, 2013, will only be valid
until December 31, 2013 and a new denial will be required as of January 1, 2014. Blanket
Denials are required each calendar year as health insurance benefits are reviewed and
health care policies are generally, renewed yearly.
Vermont Medicaid will accept a blanket denial for the same calendar year as the
date(s) of service of the claim(s) being submitted for payment.
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All Blanket Denials are to include the following:
•
Name of the insurance company
•
Member name
•
Date(s) of service
•
Rev/Procedure code or description of service
Providers may obtain a “blanket statement” from an insurance company that states that
the company never covers a particular service for the member’s policy and attach it to the
claim when billing for that service. Blanket statement must be less than one year old and
must be attached to each claim submitted. Providers must indicate the member’s name
and identification number and the applicable dates of service and the provider must sign
and date the blanket statement.
Medicare Qualified Independent Contractor
For members covered by Medicare, the requirement to go through the Medicare Qualified
Independent Contractor appeal level applies, with the exception of wheelchairs that
Medicare denies or downgrades. Upon documentation of the Medicare action, Medicaid
will review for medical necessity and payment determination.
The DVHA will reject a request if there is reason to believe that the OI received incorrect
or incomplete information from the provider and based its decision on that incorrect or
incomplete information. Providers must determine OI/Medicare benefits before rendering
the service to minimize the risk of non-coverage by both OI or Medicare and the DVHA.
Other Insurance Attachments
Providers may submit electronically to HPES claims that have been denied by another
insurance company (third party payer/primary payer) when that payer has denied the
claim using certain adjustment reason codes. Providers are required to include the
adjustment reason code used by the primary payer when submitting the claim but will
not need to send a copy of the primary insurance attachment. The list of adjustment
reason codes that will be accepted electronically is available at
http://www.vtmedicaid.com/Downloads/manuals.html, select 837 Adjustment Reason
Codes. HPES may select your claim for post payment review and request a copy of the
explanation of benefits; if so, providers are required to supply all supporting
documentation in a timely manner. Failure to do so will result in the recoupment of your
paid claim.
When submitting a paper claim, an attachment is needed only when a third party
insurance carrier has not made a payment. Providers must attach documentation from
the carrier that verifies the member’s name, insurer’s name, dates of service, service code
or exact description of service, the amount reimbursed and the payment or denial date. If
the carrier does not include this information in the documentation (i.e. the carrier issues a
blanket statement that the particular service is not covered), the provider must write the
necessary information on the attachment, then sign and date the attachment. It must be
clear that the attachment relates to the specific services billed on the Medicaid claim.
If there was a payment made by the third party, providers must indicate the amount
paid, plus any contractual allowance/discount, in the “prior payments” field.
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Documentation from the carrier is not required with the claim form if there is a payment
amount, thus allowing the claims to be submitted electronically. In cases where a member
has more than one other insurance, providers must indicate on paper, that payment was
received (or denied) from each insurance company.
If the other insurance amount is less than $3.00, the provider must include the “other
insurance” attachment verifying that exact payment amount.
Exceptions: Members are excluded from the third party liability requirements specified
above for the following services:
•
Prenatal Care Services: This includes routine supervision of normal pregnancy,
prenatal screening of mother or fetus, and care provided in the prenatal period to
the mother for complications of pregnancy
•
Preventive Care Services: This includes immunizations, screening tests for
congenital disorders, well-child visits, preventive medicine visits, preventative
dental care, and screening and preventive treatment for infectious and
communicable diseases
•
Court-enforced Medical Support Members: This is identified by an insurance
coverage type D1 through D9 which indicates “Absent Parent”
Claims exempt from TPL may be submitted directly to HPES. Indicate “not billed” in the
“other insurance” field when submitting paper claims. When submitting electronically,
simply indicate “no” in the “other insurance” field. The provider should only indicate that
other insurance has not been billed if that is, in fact, true.
If the provider chooses to first bill the third party in these cases, he or she must wait 30
days from the date of furnishing the service before billing Vermont Medicaid. Medicaid
must be credited with any payments received from the other third party payer.
Accidents
Claims billed with a “yes” in the accident field and those with a trauma diagnosis will be
tracked in the claims processing system and monitored for post payment recovery from
liable parties. In order to determine liability information, HPES will send questionnaires
to members regarding some trauma cases.
Discrepancy in TLP Information
When a provider believes that the other insurance listed in the eligibility file is incorrect,
contact the DCF district worker for clarification/correction or have the member contact
Member Services.
HMOs
Are treated as other health insurance. When a Vermont Medicaid member does not
comply with the rules of their HMO, such as securing prior authorization, the HMO may
choose not to cover the service. In such cases, Vermont Medicaid will not pay for the
service either and the member will be responsible for payment.
TPL Cost Avoidance: HPES maintains eligibility files, which contain member health
insurance information. This data is integrated in the claims processing system to
coordinate benefits.
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6.8.1 Third Party Liability Coverage Codes
The VRS and the Vermont Medicaid website use the following codes to describe the type
of services covered by a patient’s other insurance. The Coverage Codes (below) and the
insurance matrix (see Appendix) will help in understanding how to interpret the
information provided about third party liability. For example, if the VRS reports “07” for
a member, the matrix shows that a dental claim for dental services will fail for reason
408 if the third party information is not provided. Contact HPES if you do not know
whether the coverage code refers to the service you have provided.
Code
Type of Coverage
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
50
99
A1
B1
Hospital Inpatient Services
Hospital Outpatient Services
Hospital Inpatient/Outpatient Services
Physician Services
Physician Inpatient/Outpatient Services
Physician Inpatient/Outpatient Services/Major Medical
Dental Coverage
Vision Coverage
Drug Coverage
Physician Inpatient/Outpatient Services/Major Medical/Dental
Physician Inpatient/Outpatient Services/Major Medical/Vision
Physician Inpatient/Outpatient Services/Major Medical/Drug
Medicare Supplement A & B
Indemnity Coverage Payment to Client
Major Medical
Major Medical/Physician
Major Medical/Physician/Dental
Major Medical/Physician/Vision
Major Medical/Physician/Drug
Major Medical/Physician/Dental/Vision/Drug
Inpatient/Outpatient/Physician/Dental/Major Medical/Drug/Vision
Medicare Supplement Part A
Medicare Supplement Part B
Specialty Coverage (e.g., cancer)
HMO
Nursing Home
Veterans Home
Worker's Compensation
Absent Parent (4D)
Unknown
Medicare A
Medicare B
6.9
Workers Compensation/Accident Liability Billing
Providers have two choices regarding billing when a member is also covered by worker’s
compensation or accident insurance, such as auto insurance, homeowners, etc.
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1. Bill Vermont Medicaid or
2. Bill workers compensation/auto insurance.
If the provider chooses to bill the workers compensation or the accident Insurance (i.e.,
auto insurance, homeowners, etc.), the provider cannot bill Vermont Medicaid
simultaneously. (Refer to your provider enrollment/recertification agreement.)
If a provider decides at any point to bill Vermont Medicaid, the provider must withdraw
the claim to the workers compensation/auto insurer. The withdrawn claim is still subject
to the six-month timely filing limit. Vermont Medicaid will pay the claim and bill the
responsible insurance provider. Payments made by the insurance provider will come
directly to Vermont Medicaid. No reimbursement will be made to the provider.
When a provider bills worker's compensation or accident insurance, and the claim is
denied by workers compensation or accident insurance, the provider then has 1 year from
the date of service to submit their claim to Vermont Medicaid for payment.
If a payment is received from a worker’s compensation/accident insurer after the provider
has received payment from Vermont Medicaid, the provider must return or refund the
payment to Vermont Medicaid.
In regards to billing the member, 42 USC § 1396a (a)(25)(C) states: “In the case of an
individual who is entitled to medical assistance under the State plan with respect to a
service for which a third party is liable for payment, the person furnishing the service
may not seek to collect from the individual (or any financially responsible relative or
representative of that individual) payment of an amount for that service…”
Section 7
Prior Authorization
Prior authorization (PA) is a process used to assure the appropriate use of health care
services. The goal of PA is to assure that the proposed health service, item or procedure
meets the medical necessity criteria; that all appropriate, less-expensive alternatives have
been given consideration; and the proposed service conforms to generally accepted practice
parameters recognized by health care providers in the same or similar general specialty
who typically treat or manage the diagnosis or condition. It involves a request for approval
of each health service that is designated as requiring prior approval before the service is
rendered. Authorization will not be granted after the service is rendered unless an
exception applies, see section 7.3 General Exceptions.
7.1
Prior Authorization Reviewers
The services and items requiring prior authorization are listed in the Fee Schedule which
can be accessed on the DVHA website at http://dvha.vermont.gov/for-provider/claimsprocessing-1.
All prescription drugs are reviewed by Catamaran (Pharmacy information is located at
http://dvha.vermont.gov/for-providers).
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Some DME items are subject to quantity limits that can be extended with Prior
Authorization (PA). A listing of the codes that have quantity limits and what these limits
are, is located in the DME Fee Schedule at http://dvha.vermont.gov/for-providers.
Select outpatient elective diagnostic imaging procedures require prior authorization;
please see the Diagnostic Imaging Program Guidelines & list of radiology CPT codes
requiring prior authorization located at
http://www vtmedicaid.com/Downloads/manuals.html.
Contact numbers for the reviewers:
(802) 879-5903
(802) 879-5963
(802) 879-5903
(802) 241-2604
DVHA Clinical Unit
Fax
Dental
VDH-MH
Pharmacy, Point of Sale
Catamaran Clinical Call Center
Catamaran Fax
(800) 918-7549
(866) 767-2649
Elective Diagnostic Outpatient High Tech Imaging
MedSolutions Customer Service
MedSolutions Fax
Internet PA Requests
(888) 693-3211, 8a.m. to 9 p.m., M-F
(888)693-3210
http://www.medsolutionsonline.com
Fax forms can be obtained at http://www.medsolutionsonline.com or by calling
MedSolutions Customer Service (888) 693-3211, 8a.m. to 9 p.m., M-F. Diagnostic Imaging
Program Guidelines and a complete list of CPT codes requiring prior authorization can be
accessed at http://www.vtmedicaid.com/Downloads/manuals.html.
7.2
Procedures & Requirements
7.2.1
Clinical Practice Guidelines
The Department of Vermont Health Access has adopted various Clinical Practice
Guidelines that are based upon evidence based medicine. These guidelines outline the
preferred approach for most patients and are used to support the decision making
processes. The guidelines can be found http://dvha.vermont.gov/for-providers/clinicalcoverage-guidelines
7.2.2
Date of Service
Unless otherwise indicated in a manual, the date of service is the actual date that the
service was provided, or the item was delivered to the member. If the date of service is a
range of dates, e.g. an inpatient stay, PA must be secured before the first day of service.
7.2.3
Prior Authorization Requirements
The DVHA PA criteria and regulations can be found in Medicaid Rule 7102. These rules
and procedures govern PAs performed by the DVHA and its agents. DVHA rules are
available online at http://dvha.vermont.gov/budget-legislative.
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PA is necessary if our eligibility system indicates that there is no other insurance
coverage for the service or item. The DVHA PA requirements apply when the DVHA is
known to be the primary payer for the service or item.
The DVHA Clinical Operations Unit enters prior authorizations with the exact
procedure code(s) given by the requesting provider on the request form. In those
instances when the procedure code to be billed does not exactly match the code
requested/authorized, the provider must notify the Clinical Unit in writing prior to
claim submission. Include the DVHA prior authorization number, the rationale for the
code change and signature. Fax information to (802) 879-5963.
All unlisted procedure codes (including urgent or emergent) require authorization from
the DVHA Clinical Unit prior to the service being rendered.
If it is determined during a surgical procedure that an unlisted procedure is appropriate
and medically necessary, prior authorization must be requested prior to claim
submission.
Notes must be attached with the claim indicating the usual and customary charge for
the service. Fax information to (802) 879-5963.
7.2.4
Required Documentation
At a minimum, the documentation required to support a PA request includes a
completed and legible copy of a medical necessity form, or other appropriate
documentation, with the prescribing provider’s signature, and all documents necessary
for identification and pricing of the service requested. Providers need to keep the
original or a legible copy of the medical necessity form on file in the patient’s record. It
is not necessary to submit a completed claim form with a PA request. The outside
envelope or fax cover sheet should be clearly marked as a PA Request. If a request for
PA is denied and a provider has questions or needs additional information, contact the
DVHA Clinical Unit.
7.2.5
Review of Records
Not with standing any other review, the State reserves the right to review medical
records at any time and without advance notice.
7.3
Exceptions
Medicaid Rule 7102 allows two general exceptions to securing authorization prior to the
date of service. Other specific exceptions for PA have been added as needed, see the two
sections below for further details.
Under federal law, PA is not required to dispense a 72-hour supply of a covered drug in an
emergency situation.
7.3.1
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Emergency Services: Services normally requiring PA do not require PA when treating
an emergency condition.
This exception applies to both the emergency care and the post-emergency stabilization.
Post-emergency stabilization care will be provided until the attending emergency
physician determines that the patient is sufficiently stabilized for transfer or discharge.
Retroactive Eligibility: Covered services that normally require PA, which are provided
to an individual in the retroactive period (defined as eligibility start date to
eligibility segment update date), do not require PA.
7.3.2
Immediate Need Exception
1. Authorization in advance does not have to occur if the service or item is rendered
for urgently needed care as defined below and if the urgent care is required
outside of normal DVHA business hours. If a request for authorization is shown
to be for urgently needed care, and if the request for authorization is made on the
next business day, the request will be considered timely. Payment for such
services or items will further depend on a determination that they are medically
necessary. If any such item is not considered medically necessary, the DVHA will
provide normal reimbursement for a reasonable quantity of consumable items
actually provided and/or the DVHA will provide normal reimbursement for the
rental of such items in the minimum allowable period for the service.
2. Authorization in advance does not have to occur if the service or item is rendered
for immediately needed care as defined below. However, the request for PA must
be faxed to the DVHA Clinical Unit by the next business day. Following the
notification, the provider should submit documentation of medical necessity and
evidence that the care or item was immediately needed. This may take the form
of an order or a discharge plan. Payment for such services or items will further
depend on a determination that the service(s) are medically necessary. If any
such item is not considered medically necessary, the DVHA will provide normal
reimbursement for a reasonable quantity of consumable items actually provided
and/or the DVHA will provide normal reimbursement for the rental of such items
in thirty-day increments.
Definitions:
1. “Emergency medical condition” means the sudden and, at the time, unexpected
onset of an illness or medical condition that manifests itself by symptoms of
sufficient severity, including severe pain, that the absence of immediate medical
attention could reasonably be expected by the prudent layperson who possess an
average knowledge of health and medicine, to result in:
•
Placing the member’s physical or mental health in serious jeopardy; or
•
serious impairment to bodily functions; or
•
serious dysfunction of any bodily organ or part.
2. “Post Emergency Stabilization” is the care required after an emergency to
stabilize the patient for transfer or discharge. The attending emergency
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physician determines when a patient has been sufficiently stabilized for transfer
or discharge. Post-emergency stabilization care is covered 24 hours per day, 7
days per week as necessary to stabilize a patient after an emergency.
3. “Urgently-needed care” or “urgent care” means those health care services that
are necessary to treat a condition or illness of an individual that if not treated
within twenty-four (24) hours presents a serious risk of harm.
4. “Immediately needed” means that action is needed on the same day to avoid
delay in discharge or to allow the member to remain in a community setting.
These definitions are consistent with both Medicaid rules and those of the Vermont
Department of Banking, Insurance, Securities and Health Care Administration.
7.4
Determination Time
Under Medicaid Rule 7102.4, the DVHA is obligated to make its review determinations
within three working days of obtaining all necessary information. However, the longest
wait time for a decision is 28 days. A request must be decided within 14 days of receipt.
That time frame may be extended up to another 14 days if the member or provider
requests an extension or if the extension is needed to obtain additional information and is
in the member’s best interest. A notice of decision will be issued within 28 days of
receiving the initial PA request even if all necessary information has not been received.
Written confirmation will be sent within 24 hours. Under federal law, the department is
obligated to provide a response within 24 hours of a request for PA of a drug.
7.4.1
Payment Decision Review Process
The DVHA will conduct an internal review of the following types of DVHA decisions
directly affecting providers in response to requests by providers:
1. PA disapproval by the DVHA or its agents (other than medical necessity
determinations);
2. PA decisions about the “immediate need” for durable medical equipment;
3. PA disapproval because documentation was inadequate;
4. Error in manual pricing;
5. Purchase versus rental decisions for durable medical equipment.
The DVHA will not review any decision other than those listed above.
Although this process is not an appeals process, the DVHA’s position that providing a
“second look” for certain decisions may help improve accuracy. Any affected provider
may ask that the DVHA reconsider its decision. Such a request for reconsideration must
be made no later than 21 calendar days after the DVHA gives written notice to the
provider of its decision. The reconsideration request should provide a brief background
of the case, and the reasons why the provider believes the DVHA should have found
differently. The DVHA will base its reconsideration on the materials submitted by the
provider in support of its reconsideration request and any additional information
provided by the DVHA. It is expected that the request will contain all supporting
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documents. Supplemental information submitted after the reconsideration request is
made, even if before decision, will not be considered by the DVHA except when the
DVHA determines that extraordinary circumstances exist.
Upon receipt of the request and supporting information, the DVHA will review all
information received. The DVHA may consider additional information, either verbal or
written, from the provider or others, in order to further clarify the case. The Director of
the DVHA, or a designee, will issue a written decision. The DVHA will notify the
provider of its reconsideration decision within 30 calendar days of receipt of notice of the
request for reconsideration by the provider or notify the provider that an extension is
needed. There is no additional review or reconsideration after the DVHA Director or the
designee has made a decision on reconsideration.
All requests for reconsideration must be addressed to:
Director, Department of Vermont Health Access
312 Hurricane Lane, Suite 201
Williston, VT 05495
7.5
Medical Necessity
Vermont Medicaid only pays for items that are medically necessary. Per the Medicaid
Rule, 7103, medically necessary is defined as health care services that are appropriate, in
terms of type, amount, frequency, level, setting and duration to the member’s diagnosis or
condition. Medically necessary care must be consistent with generally accepted practice
parameters as recognized by health care providers in the same or similar general
specialty as typically treat or manage the diagnosis or condition and
•
Help restore or maintain the member’s health
•
Prevent deterioration or palliate the member’s condition
•
Prevent the reasonably likely onset of a health problem or detect an incipient
problem
Additionally, for EPSDT-eligible members, medically necessary includes a determination
that a service is needed to achieve proper growth and development or prevent the onset or
worsening of a health condition.
7.5.1
Medical Necessity Form (MNF)
A completed DVHA Medical Necessity Form (DVHA 60) is the preferred documentation
for Home Respiratory Therapy programs, DME and certain prescribed medical supply
items with a few exceptions. The ordering physician or nurse practitioner needs to
complete the MNF and give a clean copy to the patient or to the DME supplier.
Submission of the form and any necessary information to clearly document medical need
is all that is needed to make the request for prior authorization.
If the code/service requires prior authorization, the DME supplier will send the MNF
and all pertinent information to the DVHA as a PA request.
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Both the ordering physician/nurse practitioner and the DME vendor are required to
keep legible copies of all information in the patient record.
The signature date on the MNF/order must be within 6 months (before or after) of the
dispensing date (billed DOS) for all items except ostomy and urologic supplies. (The
order on these supplies is good for one year).
The DVHA MNFs are Form DVHA 286 and DVHA 60. Other medical necessity forms
are acceptable as long as the following information is provided:
•
Member name
•
Member date of birth
•
Member Vermont Medicaid ID number (MID)
•
Diagnosis code(s) or description or full description of medical condition
•
Where equipment/item will be used (home or other; if other, name of facility)
•
Length of time it will be used
•
Legible name of ordering provider (physician, nurse practitioner, or other
allowable practitioner)
•
Signature and provider number of ordering provider (physician, nurse
practitioner or other allowable practitioner) excluding chiropractors and
physicians assistants
•
Date that ordering provider reviewed and signed the MNF. The signature date
must be within 6 months (before or after) of the dispensing date (billed DOS) for
all items except ostomy and urologic supplies. (The order on these supplies is
good for one year).
Medical Necessity and prior authorization forms are available at
http://dvha.vermont.gov/for-providers/forms-1.
7.6
Utilization Review
The DVHA conducts numerous utilization management and review activities. Reviews
are intended to assure that quality services are provided to members and that providers
are using the program properly. The reviews are generally an examination of records,
known as a desk audit, although they may also include an on-site visit from the
utilization review unit.
DVHA staff utilizes clinical criteria for making Utilization Review (UR) decisions that are
objective and based on sound medical evidence. Approved criteria include the following:
•
McKesson Health Solutions InterQual® Guidelines
•
DVHA Clinical Guidelines
•
Vermont State Medicaid Rules
•
Hayes and Cochrane New Technology Assessments
•
Other Nationally Recognized Evidence Based Criteria
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McKesson Health Solutions InterQual® Guidelines are now available to providers
behind the Vermont Medicaid secure provider web portal at
http://www.vtmedicaid.com/secure/logon.do.
DVHA Clinical Guidelines and Vermont Medicaid State Rules will continue to be
available at the DVHA website at http://dvha.vermont.gov/for-providers/clinicalcoverage-guidelines.
7.7
Prior Authorization Notice of Decision
The Notice of Decision is a system-generated form that the requesting provider receives
from the DVHA or HPES in response to a Prior Authorization (PA) request. Copies of this
form are sent to the member; see Spend Down.
The Notice of Decision contains the following information:
•
Box 2: The value will be either “A” (approved) or “D” (denied) or “I” (awaiting
further information)
•
Box 3: The dates of service
•
Box 4: The procedure code
•
Box 5: The number of units and/or occurrences
Per Medicaid Rule 7102.3, there are two exceptions to prior authorization requirements:
1. Emergency Services
2. Services that occurred during the Retroactive Eligibility segment
Therefore, a Notice of Decision (NOD) is not required for Prior Authorization if the service
is provided in the ‘retroactive period’ defined as eligibility start date to eligibility segment
update date.
7.8
7.8.1
Services Requiring Prior Authorization
Concurrent Review for Admissions at Vermont & In-Network Border Hospitals
Effective for dates of service July 1, 2012 and after, all Vermont in-state hospitals and
in-network border hospitals will be required to notify the Department of Vermont
Health Access Clinical Unit of all inpatient stays at time of admission or by the next
business day. This requirement only applies when Medicaid is the primary payer. This
requirement does not apply to psychiatric unit and psychiatric hospital admissions. In
addition, notification of patient discharge is required.
The admitting/discharging facility may fax admission notification in the form of a daily
census sheet or a utilization face sheet. The following information must be supplied:
date of admission, patient name, DOB, member Medicaid ID #, admitting diagnosis,
admitting status and admitting provider. The Inpatient Concurrent Review Procedures
are available at http://dvha.vermont.gov/for-providers/clinical-coverage-guidelines.
Prior Authorization is required if the patient stay is to exceed 13 days. The Admission
Notification Form must be completed and submitted to the Clinical Unit to request
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authorization by day 13 of the inpatient stay. Failure to get a PA for an admission that
exceeds 13 days will result in a denial of the claim. Forms are available at
http://dvha.vermont.gov/for-providers/forms-1.
Admission/discharge notifications, prior authorization requests and all required clinical
information can be faxed to the Clinical Unit at (802) 879-5963.
Failure to notify the DVHA Clinical Unit will result in a retrospective review of the
inpatient hospital admission to validate the quality of care, medical necessity, clinical
coding, appropriateness of place of service and evaluation of length of stay associated
with care. Results of the retrospective review will be utilized to assess refund requests
for services that were determined to be inappropriate or not medically necessary.
7.8.2
Out of-State Elective Inpatient Hospital Admissions
(Excluding Designated Border Hospitals)
All elective inpatient admissions to out-of-state hospitals require prior authorization
from the DVHA Clinical Unit prior to admission. The admitting facility must fax a
completed Vermont Medicaid Out of State Preadmission Form located at
http://dvha.vermont.gov/for-providers/clinical-coverage-guidelines, clinical
documentation and an explanation as to why this care cannot be performed within the
State of Vermont to (802) 879-5963. The prior authorization must be requested as early
as possible and no less than 3 business days prior to the planned admission.
7.8.3
Out-of-Network Elective Outpatient Referrals
Prior authorization is required for referrals to out-of-state/out-of-network medical visits
that are elective/non-emergency, for codes 99201-99215; 99241-99245; 99341-99360 and
99381-99456; however, PA is not required for referrals for office visits to:
•
Providers affiliated with Extended-network hospitals
•
Providers affiliated with Out-of-state In-network hospitals
All other PA requirements will apply. A list of Green Mountain Care in-network and
extended network hospitals is available at http://dvha.vermont.gov/for-providers/greenmountain-care-network.
Referring providers must submit requests using the OOS Medical Office Request Form
located at http://dvha.vermont.gov/for-providers/clinical-coverage-guidelines. Fax all
requests to the DVHA Clinical Unit, 802-879-5963.
7.8.4
In-State & Out of State Psychiatric & Detoxification Inpatient Services
The Department of Vermont Health Access (DVHA) in collaboration with the
Department of Mental Health (DMH) requires prior authorization for psychiatric and
detoxification inpatient admissions for the following in-state facilities: Brattleboro
Retreat, Central Vermont Hospital - Psychiatric Unit, Fletcher Allen Hospital, Rutland
Regional Medical Center and Springfield Hospital Windham Psychiatric Center. All outof-state psychiatric and detoxification inpatient admissions/services require priorauthorization. This includes all children and adults, including those enrolled in CRT.
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Admitting facilities must complete the Vermont Medicaid Admission Notification Form
for Psychiatric Inpatient Services and fax it to the DVHA at 802-879-5963 within 24
hours or the next business day of an urgent or emergent admission, please see the
Inpatient Psychiatric & Detoxification Authorization Manual. All individuals enrolled in
CRT, children and adolescents will continue to require screening by a Community
Mental Health Center prior to admission. Notification forms are posted on the DVHA
website at http://dvha.vermont.gov/for-providers/forms-1.
7.8.5
Out-of-State Urgent/Emergent Inpatient Hospital Admissions
(Excluding Designated Out-of-State Network Hospitals)
All urgent and emergent inpatient admissions to out-of-state (OOS) hospitals require
notification to the DVHA Clinical Unit of the admission within 24 hours or the next
business day. Concurrent review will begin at the time of notification and throughout
the course of the inpatient hospital stay. The admitting hospital must fax a completed
Out-Of-State Urgent and Emergent Hospital Admissions form located at
http://dvha.vermont.gov/for-providers/clinical-coverage-guidelinesand clinical
documentation to the DVHA at (802) 879-5963.
The hospital is required to notify the DVHA upon patient discharge.
7.8.6
Rehabilitative Therapy
Speech-Language Pathology (SLP) providers may enroll as private practitioners with
Vermont Medicaid. Coverage of private practice SLP services are limited to those
services provided outside of the school or hospital systems for Medicaid members of any
age.
Adult Coverage
Physical, Occupational, and Speech Therapy outpatient services for Medicaid eligible
adults are limited to 30 combined visits per calendar year.
Prior authorization for therapy visits beyond 30 combined visits in a calendar year may
be requested for members with the following diagnoses: spinal cord injury, traumatic
brain injury, stroke, amputation, or severe burn.
Changing programs or eligibility status within the calendar year does not reset the
number of available visits. See Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ), under Therapy
Guidelines at http://dvha.vermont.gov/for-providers/clinical-coverage-guidelines.
Limitations and prior authorization requirements do not apply when Medicare is the
primary payer.
The limit does not apply to services provided in inpatient facilities or by home health
agencies; inpatient facilities and home health agencies should follow the rules and
processes currently in place.
Members under age 21
Prior authorization for outpatient therapies (PT, OT, ST) changed for Medicaid
members under age 21. The initial eight visits from the start of the member’s acute care
episode/condition are allowed, per therapy discipline, before prior authorization is
required. Providers must request prior authorization in advance of the 8th visit if
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additional therapy services are necessary. Providers are required to determine the first
date of treatment at any outpatient facility, regardless of coverage source. It is the
responsibility of the therapists to track therapy visit/service history.
Subsequent authorizations will be required at 4 month intervals, based on the start of
care date.
This requirement does not apply to home health agencies.
Providers should refer to Medicaid Rule and Therapy Guidelines for additional
information at http://dvha.vermont.gov/for-providers/clinical-coverage-guidelines
Therapists should use the Medicaid Request for Extension of Rehabilitation Therapy
Services form. Be sure to include the original start of care date by any facility or
provider, for the condition listed.
Outpatient Therapy Modifiers
Effective for dates of service on and after 04/01/13, VT Medicaid follows Medicare’s
requirement that speech, occupational and physical therapists bill with modifier GN,
GO or GP to identify the discipline of the plan of care under which the service is
delivered.
GN = Services delivered under an outpatient speech-language pathology plan of care
GO = Services delivered under an outpatient occupational therapy plan of care
GP = Services delivered under an outpatient physical therapy plan of care
Medicare provides a link to the list of applicable therapy procedure codes, (this list is
updated annually by CMS). VT Medicaid therapists need only reference the code list
itself; do not use the column information.
http://www.cms.gov/Medicare/Billing/TherapyServices/AnnualTherapyUpdate.html.
All therapy services (including codes listed as “Sometimes Therapy”) that are performed
by a therapist (and billed with the therapist as the attending) must be part of an
outpatient therapy plan of care and the billing codes must use one of the above therapy
modifiers to bill.
Some codes on this list are “Always Therapy” services regardless of who performs them.
These services must be part of an outpatient therapy plan of care and the Billing codes
must use one of the above therapy modifiers to bill.
Practitioners other than therapists must use these modifiers when performing listed
services which are delivered under an outpatient therapy plan of care.
These modifiers are not to be used with codes that are not specified on the list of
applicable therapy codes.
Modifiers may be reported in any order.
Prior Authorization Requests must give the exact codes and modifiers in the same order
as they will be billed on the claim.
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Section 8 Reimbursement, Billing Procedures and Claim Processing
DVHA does not arbitrarily deny or reduce the amount, duration or scope of a required
covered service solely because of diagnosis, type of illness or condition of the member
DVHA does not incentivize or provide rewards to employees, providers or contractors for
denial of services or prior authorizations.
8.1
Timely Filing
When the system indicates that Vermont Medicaid is the primary payer, the timely filing
limit for such claims is six months from the date of service. In no case will a claim be
considered if the date of service is greater than two years prior to the DVHA’s receipt of
the claim. If a claim has a date or dates of service past the timely filing limit, it may be
submitted for payment directly to HPES if one or more of the following conditions are
met:
•
HPES denied the claim within the timely filing limit for a reason other than
exceeding the time limit. A copy of the remittance advice showing the denial must be
attached to each claim
•
A member’s eligibility was made retroactive and the date of service is within the
retroactive period. The claim must be submitted within the first twelve months of
the date on the Notice of Decision.
•
Inpatient claim, the timely filing limit is 180 days from the date of
discharge
When a claim is billed to Medicare with Vermont Medicaid noted as the secondary payer
(using the crossover function), the crossover claim will be considered timely if it is
received within two years of the date of service.
Global bills for maternity and orthodontia, which must be filed within 12 months of the
first date of service.
When the system indicates that Vermont Medicaid is not the primary payer, providers
can either file all claims (except Medicare crossover claims) within six months, or
providers may separate these claims into two groups each with a different timely filing
requirement.
For claims that are not “pay and chase” (see below), the timely filing limit is 12 months
from the date of service
The timely filing limit is six months from the date of service for “pay and chase” claims
(i.e. where the system indicates that the member is covered by court ordered
insurance D1, D2, D3, D5, D8 and D9) or the claim is for any of the following
procedure and diagnosis codes:
•
Procedure codes: 99381-99385, 99391-99394 and 99173
•
Diagnosis codes: 640-648 series, 651-658 series, 671 series, 673 series, 675-676
series, V01-V07 series, V20 series, V22-V23 series, V28 series, V30-31 series,
V33-34 series, V73-75 series, V700 code, V770-777 code, V783 code, V792
code, V793 code, V798 code, V823 code and V824 code
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Members covered by court ordered insurance can be identified by using the Voice
Response System that says “The recipient has other insurance with (name) with coverage
type (coverage code D1 or D2, etc.).”
The DVHA will consider paying an untimely claim in unusual circumstances. When
appealing a timely filing denial, providers must fully research and document in the
request the extenuating circumstances surrounding the claim (e.g. submission dates,
adjusted dates, and denial dates). If there is no documentation or the documentation is
insufficient to validate extenuating circumstances for the late submission, your appeal
will be denied.
Providers submitting a timely filing appeal request that contains 10 or more claims,
all with the same late submission reason, are required to complete and submit the Timely
Filing Appeal Claims List for10 or more claims form located at
http://www.vtmedicaid.com/Downloads/forms.html.
A request for an exception can be made by sending the claim with a detailed explanation
of why an exception should be granted, along with any other required attachments to: HP
Enterprise Services, P.O. Box 888, Williston, Vermont 05495-0888 Attn: Timely Filing
Appeals.
8.1.1
Adjustment Requests & Timely Filing
Adjustment requests may be submitted to HPES when a claim is paid incorrectly. These
requests can be initiated by the provider, HPES or the DVHA. If the error originates
with the provider, then the provider must submit the adjustment. When requesting an
adjustment, submit an adjustment form. Give a brief description of the reason for the
adjustment and the action required.
A new claim form with the correct information is required when changing the pay to,
provider number, member number or funding source. Any request, which does not have
the proper attachments, will be returned. If timely filing applies, then attach a copy of
the RA.
Denied claims cannot be submitted as adjustment requests. A claim that has been
denied should be corrected and resubmitted with all attachments as a new claim.
Adjustments are the preferred method of correction because they eliminate the use of
providers’ personal checks for repayment of incorrectly processed claims. Adjustments
also provide an accurate record of how the claim was processed.
Once a claim has been processed and placed in a PAID status, providers have one year
from the original paid date to adjust claims that would result in a positive financial
outcome for the provider.
Providers can request adjustments and recoupments to claims billed incorrectly that
result in a negative financial outcome for the provider within three years of the original
date of service; the entire claim will be recouped. Partial recoupment requests are to be
submitted as refunds. If the claim is more than three years old, the provider must
refund the overpayment by completing the refund form and attaching the refund check.
The Refund form is available on our website at
https://www.vtmedicaid.com/Downloads/forms.html.
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Late Charges (Applies to UB-04 Hospital charges)
Late charges to the original paid claims must be submitted as adjustments. These
adjustments must be submitted either using the HP paper adjustment form or
electronically through the HP Provider Electronic Solutions (PES) Application. Paper
claims with type of bill 117 (adjustment inpatient) or 137 (adjustment outpatient) will
not be accepted.
For instructions on completing adjustments using HPES’ PES software, please visit
http://www.vtmedicaid.com and follow the links to Downloads, Software, and Online
Adjustments.
Forms for completing single and multiple adjustments can be downloaded from
https://www.vtmedicaid.com/Downloads/forms.html.
8.2
Usual & Customary Rate (UCR)
Various claim forms (CMS 1500, UB 04 and 837) require the submission of “Charge” or
“Total Charges” or “Charge Amount” to be reported for each service billed. The provider’s
“usual and customary charge” or “uniform charge” is a dollar amount in effect at the time
of the specific date of service. This is the amount to be reported on the claim. This usual
and customary charge is the amount that the provider bills to insured and self-pay
persons for the same service. If the provider has more than one charge for a service, the
lowest charge will be reported to Vermont Medicaid, except, if the charge has been
reduced on an individual basis.
8.3 Incident-To Billing
Incident-to billing is a way of billing for services in an office setting only, provided by a
non-physician practitioner (NPP) whose provider type does not allow them to enroll with
Vermont Medicaid. There is no incident-to billing in a facility. NPPs that are eligible to
enroll in Vermont Medicaid must enroll and bill using their own provider number and
cannot bill incident-to.
When NPPs who are not eligible for enrollment in Vermont Medicaid provide services
that are incident-to a physician or other practitioner’s service, they may bill under the
physician/practitioner’s Vermont Medicaid provider ID (NPI/Taxonomy) if they are
employed by the billing provider (part-time, full-time, leased, contracted) and when the
service are:
•
An integral, although incidental, part of the professional services
•
Commonly rendered without charge or included in the physician’s bill
•
Of the type that is commonly furnished in physician offices or clinics
•
Furnished by the physician or auxiliary personnel under the physician’s direct
supervision
Documentation is critical for patient care and must clearly link the service to the
clinically-supervising provider, including for example, co-signature and credentials of
both practicing and clinically supervising provider and notation within the medical record
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of the clinically supervising provider’s involvement. Services billed in this manner may be
subject to post payment review.
8.3.1 Licensed Physician Incident-To Billing
The billing/clinically supervising provider must:
•
Be actively enrolled with Vermont Medicaid
•
Have seen the patient first, made a diagnosis and created a plan of care
•
Provide formal case oversight (documented one-on-one meetings to review
the case)
•
Be present in the office suite on site or immediately available within 15
minutes commute to provide assistance and direction throughout the time
the service is performed
The service must:
•
Be within the scope of practice of person providing the service;
•
Follow the plan of care created by the billing/clinically supervising
provider
•
Be only for the diagnosis in the original plan of care
•
•
If the patient requires a service for another diagnosis, the visit does
not qualify for “incident-to” billing
The billing/clinically supervising provider must see the patient to make a
new diagnosis and create a plan of care before s/he can bill incident-to for a
different diagnosis.
Incident-to billing is NOT Allowed if:
•
It is a new patient visit
•
It is an established patient with a new problem/diagnosis
•
There is no clinically supervising provider present in the office suite and
immediately available within 15 minutes
8.3.2 Licensed Doctorate-Level Psychologist Incident-To Billing
The billing/clinically supervising provider must:
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•
Be actively enrolled with Vermont Medicaid
•
Be a licensed doctorate-level psychologist
•
Provide formal case oversight (documented one-on-one meetings to review the
case)
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•
Be present in the office suite on site or immediately available within 15 minutes
commute to provide assistance and direction throughout the time the service is
performed
The person providing the service:
•
Must be a masters-level provider in the mental health field
•
Is non-licensed and not enrolled in Vermont Medicaid and is in the mental
health field
•
Is licensed and not enrolled in Vermont Medicaid
Please note:
8.4
•
DVHA defers to the ruling of the Vermont Board of Psychological Examiners for
special situations or questions
•
Community Mental Health Centers (Designated Agencies) follow rules set by the
Department of Mental Health regarding Incident-To billing
Locum Tenens
A Locum Tenens is a physician to “step in” for another provider that is on leave or has
permanently left a practice. The Locum Tenens physician must be licensed in Vermont
and be actively enrolled in Vermont Medicaid.
If a Locum Tenens physician is covering for a physician on leave, they are then allowed to
use that physician’s NPI number for up to 60 days. Modifier Q6 (Service rendered by a
Locum Tenens physician) should be used to show that the service was provided by a
Locum Tenens physician. The Billing provider is 100% liable for all locum tenens billing.
8.5
Time-based Procedure Codes – Billing Guidelines
Please follow the below guidelines when billing time based procedure codes.
Critical care procedure codes that are time-based
•
The billed units must reflect the actual time spent in face-to-face contact with the
member in the home and/or on the way to the hospital.
•
The duration of time to be reported by a physician is the actual time spent
evaluating, managing and providing the critically ill or injured patient’s care.
Services are not to be provided to any other patient. Your full attention is limited to
the critically ill or injured patient’s care.
•
In a facility setting, duration of time reflects time spent at the patient’s bedside or
elsewhere on the floor or unit. You must be immediately available to the patient.
Only one physician may bill for critical care services rendered to a patient during
any billable period of time. Time counted toward critical care may be continuous
clock time or intermittent aggregated time.
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•
Paper claims will be required if the number of units billed exceeds the allowed
number of units. It is required that clear copies of the provider’s actual records be
submitted with each claim. The number of units billed must be documented.
•
The total number of minutes and date of service must be clearly written in the
documentation and circled.
•
Failure to clearly mark the number of minutes will result in claim denial.
All other time-based procedure codes
•
The billed units must reflect the actual time spent.
•
Paper claims will be required if the number of units billed exceeds the allowed
number of units. It is required that clear copies of the provider’s actual records be
submitted with each claim. The number of units billed must be documented.
•
The total number of minutes and date of service must be clearly written in the
documentation and circled.
•
Failure to clearly mark the number of minutes will result in denial of the claim.
8.6
Electronic Claim Submission
The State of Vermont and HPES encourage the use of Electronic Claim Submission
(ECS). ECS allows for efficient, reliable and economic transfer of claims between the
provider’s facility and HPES. The same standards and conditions applicable to paper
claims, with regard to accuracy and completeness also apply to claims submitted
electronically.
ECS is fast, easy to use and eliminates time-extensive paperwork. ECS prevents most
errors, allowing providers to submit “clean” claims the first time. Turn-around time for
electronic claims is considerably faster than for paper claims. For information on
available methods of electronic billing, please contact the Electronic Data Interchange
(EDI) Coordinator at HPES.
8.7
Electronic Funds Transfer (EFT)
Vermont Medicaid requires health care provider payments to be made through Electronic
Funds Transmission (EFT), as stated in the Conditions of Participation of the Provider
Enrollment Agreement/Recertification Agreement. Failure to do so may result in the
suspension of payments.
EFT allows payment for “clean” claims within five business days. Funds are electronically
deposited into a specified bank account, avoiding stop payments and reissues due to
damaged or misplaced checks.
EFT has no effect on billing procedures but does apply to all claim types submitted.
Providers are not required to submit claims electronically to receive direct deposits.
At time of enrollment, complete the Electronic Funds Transfer Request Form located on
the Vermont Medicaid Portal at http://www.vtmedicaid.com/Downloads/forms.html. This
form is also used to facilitate a change or cancelation of EFT enrollment.
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Select the above link to open the forms page of the Vermont Medicaid Web Portal; scroll
down to Enrollment, click the Electronic Funds Transfer Request Form. Once opened,
select “save as” from the file drop down menu and rename the document to save a copy to
your PC. Open the saved Electronic Funds Transfer Request Form from your PC. Light
blue fields indicate where text can be entered. Please remember to save the form
whenever changes are made, complete all required sections and obtain the authorized
signature.
One of the following documents must be attached to both new EFT enrollment and change
enrollment requests for verification of account owner and account number: (1) voided check
or (2) a signed letter from your bank that lists the account holder’s name, and the
appropriate financial institution’s account and routing numbers.
Return your completed Electronic Funds Transfer Request Form by mail to: HP
Enterprise Services, P.O. Box 888, Williston, VT 05495 or fax to 802-878-3440. Please
direct all questions and EFT status requests to the HPES Enrollment Unit at
802-879-4450 (option 4).
8.8
Claim Disposition Information Introduction
This section will assist providers in reviewing the status of each of their claims on the
Remittance Advice (RA). It will also explain steps providers must follow to make
adjustments or refunds on paid claims. A strong knowledge of these available resources
and procedures will assist providers in maintaining accurate payment records.
8.9
Remittance Advice (RA)
The Remittance Advice (RA) is a computer-generated report provided by the fiscal agent.
It indicates the status of all claims that have been submitted for processing. The RA is
posted at http://www.vtmedicaid.com/ a weekly basis, with your four most current RAs
available. The banner page of the RA provides important information about policy and
billing. See Appendix for RA example.
The Explanation of Benefits (EOB) codes printed on the RA explain the reason(s) why
Vermont Medicaid claims are paid or denied. Full descriptions for each code are printed at
the end of the RA.
EOB codes for denials that pertain to the entire claim are printed directly under the
patient’s name and the ICN on the RA. Detail denials are printed under each billing
detail on the RA. Please review all areas of the claim before resubmitting directly to
claims processing. If the reason for your denial is unclear, please contact the HPES
Provider Services Unit.
Providers that bill electronically will only receive electronic RAs. Please contact the HPES
EDI Department at HPES if you are interested in submitting and receiving this
information electronically.
8.9.1
RA Sections
The RA is divided into the following sections:
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Paid Claims - All claims paid in the current cycle. EOB codes under the claim header
and details indicate the reason(s) for the payment amount. There may be as many as
ten EOB codes per header and per denial.
Denied Claims - All claims denied in the current cycle. EOB codes under the claim
header and details indicate the reason(s) for the denial. There may be as many as ten
EOBs per header and per detail.
Suspended Claims - Claims requiring manual review by either HPES or the DVHA will
be identified in this section prior to disposition. The purpose of this section is to inform
the provider that HPES has received the claim, and payment or denial will be
forthcoming.
Adjusted Claims - Claims for which adjustments have been processed to correct
information, overpayment, underpayment or payment to the wrong provider.
Financial Items - Financial transactions such as recoupments, manual payouts and TPL
recoveries.
TPL & Medicare Information - Other insurance and Medicare information for members
with related denials on the RA.
Earnings Data - This “Earnings Data” section of the RA is provided to show the current
RA totals as well as cumulative year-to-date details.
Message Codes - Definitions of the EOB codes listed on the RA.
8.9.2
RA Headings & Descriptions
Recipient Name - Member name is listed in alphabetical order. The name appears in
last name, first name format.
MID - The member’s Medicaid Identification Number also known as the UID.
ICN - Each claim and any attachments received by HPES are assigned a unique
identifying number called the Internal Control Number (ICN). This number is displayed
in the third column on the RA. The fifteen digit number aids in identifying, locating or
researching the claim, either during or after processing. The following summary
describes what each number represents:
Digit
Description
1-2
Valid region code values for paper claims are: 10-Paper Claim without
attachments. 11- Paper claim with attachments
Valid region code values for ECS claims are: 40 - ECS
The valid region code values for financial items are listed in the description of
the financial items section
3-6
The year the claim was received at HPES
7-9
Three digits indicating the Julian Date on which HPES received the claim.
These numbers correspond with the calendar dates; see the Appendix
document. For example, 001 corresponds with January 1 and 365 correspond
with December 31
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10-15
The last six digits following the date are designed for HPES control purposes.
These numbers uniquely identify the claim and allow personnel to access the
claim both manually and through the computer
HVER - The version number of the claim. The original claim paid for the services
rendered is version 00. The first adjustment to any payment is version 01, etc.
PT ACCT/RX# - The patient account or medical record number is reported as it
appeared on the claim.
BILLED AMT - The amount charged for the service.
ALLOWED AMT -The Vermont Medicaid allowed reimbursement.
OI AMT - The amount paid by another insurance for this claim or detail.
LIAB AMT - The amount for which the patient is responsible, excluding co-pay.
COPAY AMT - The co-payment amount related to the claim.
PAID AMT - The amount included in the payment for this claim.
HEADER MESSAGES - These numbers relate to the EOB codes printed under the
header information. These numbers, which are referred to as EOB codes, indicate the
reasons for payment or denial for the claim on the header level (top portion of the
claim).
DNUM - The detail number.
DVER - The version of the detail. The original detail paid is version 00. The first
adjustment to any payment is version 01, etc.
FDOS - The beginning date of service as it appears on the claim.
TDOS - The ending date of service as it appears on the claim.
PROC+MODS - The procedure code and corresponding modifiers as they appear on the
claim.
QTY BLD - The number of units of service as it appears on the claim.
DETAIL MESSAGES - The numbers relate to the EOB codes printed under the detail
information. These numbers indicate the reasons for payment or denial on the detail
level of the claim.
ADJUSTED CLAIMS - This section of the RA includes detailed information on both the
original and the adjusted claim. The original claim data is displayed first, followed b the
adjusted claim data and an explanation of the effect the adjustment had on the original
claim.
RECIPIENT NAME - Member name on the adjusted claim is listed in alphabetical
order. The name appears in last name, first name format.
MID - The member’s Medicaid identification number on the adjusted claim.
ICN - The internal control number of the adjusted claim.
HVER - The version number of the adjusted claim. The original claim paid for the
services rendered is version 00. The first adjustment to any payment is version 01 etc.
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PT ACCT/RX # -The patient account or medical record number is reported as it
appeared on the adjusted claim.
BILLED AMT - The amount charged for the service on the adjusted claim.
ALLOWED AMT - The Medicaid allowed reimbursement on the adjusted claim.
OI AMT - The amount paid by another insurance for this claim or detail on the adjusted
claim.
LIAB AMT - The amount for which the patient is responsible, excluding co-pay on the
adjusted claim.
COPAY AMT - The co-payment amount related to the adjusted claim.
PAID AMT - The amount included in the payment for this adjusted claim.
HEADER MESSAGES - These numbers relate to the message codes printed under the
header information. These numbers, which are referred to as EOBs, indicate the
reasons for payment or denial for the claim on the header level (top portion of the
claim).
DNUM - The detail number on the adjusted claim.
DVER - The version of the detail on the adjusted claim. The original detail paid is
version 00. The first adjustment to any payment is version 01, etc.
FDOS - The beginning date-of-service as it appears on the adjusted claim.
TDOS - The ending date-of-service as it appears on the adjusted claim.
PROC+MODS - The procedure code and corresponding modifiers as they appear on the
adjusted claim.
QTY BLD - The number of units of service as it appears on the adjusted claim.
DETAIL MESSAGES - These numbers relate to the message codes printed under the
detail information. These numbers indicate the reasons for payment or denial on the
detail level of the adjusted claim.
ADJUSTMENT REASON - A text field that explains why the adjustment took place.
NET ADJUSTMENT AMOUNT - This field indicates the net effect the adjustment had
on the claim. The value is equal to the difference between the Original Claim Paid
Amount and the Adjusted Paid Amount.
FINANCIAL ITEMS: The “Financial Items” section of the RA is printed only when a
financial activity other than claims adjudication takes place. Please refer to the sample
“Financial Items” section of the RA in this section - Sample Remittance Advice. The
following summary describes the information in the “Financial Items” section:
CCN - The Cash Control Number of the financial transaction. The first two digits of the
number indicate the type of financial transaction (i.e., system payout, recoupment,
refund).
A/L NUMBER - The number assigned to the provider's ledger to account for the
transaction.
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MID - The member's ID number is shown if the financial transaction is related to a
specific claim. When the transaction does not relate to a specific claim, this space is
blank.
ICN - The Internal Control Number of the claim is shown if the financial transaction is
related to a specific claim. When the transaction does not relate to a specific claim, this
space is blank.
HVER - The version number of the related claim, if applicable.
DNUM - The detail number on the related claim, if applicable.
DVER - The detail version number of the claim, if applicable.
TXN DATE - This field indicates the date the transaction was entered and logged in the
provider's account ledger.
ORIG AMT - The original amount to be exhausted by financial transactions.
TXN AMT - The dollar amount corresponding to the transaction. This is the actual
amount of money included or withheld from the payment and applied to the original
amount.
BAL AMT - The remaining balance to be exhausted by future financial cash
transactions (amount still owed against the receivable or payable). This value is equal
to the Original Amount less the Transaction Amount.
RSN CD - This field describes why the transaction was performed.
FINANCIAL ITEMS REASON CODE – The financial reason codes and their
descriptions listed with any financial transactions on the RA.
TPL & MEDICARE INFORMATION - The TPL AND MEDICARE INFORMATION
REPORT displays the members for who claims denied for other insurance during the
week. It is generated only when such transactions occur. The report lists only the
insurance carrier that caused the claim to fail.
RECIPIENT NAME - The name of the member who had other insurance coverage for
the denied claim.
ICN - The Internal Control Number assigned to each denied claim.
HVER - The header version number corresponds to the ICN and indicates the version of
the claim. The original header has a version number of '00'. Subsequent version
numbers (01, 02, etc.) are the result of adjustments made to the header.
DVER - The detail version number corresponds to the detail and indicates the version of
the detail. The original detail has a version number of '00'. Subsequent version
numbers (01, 02, etc.) are the result of adjustments made to the detail.
DNUM - The detail number corresponds to the ICN and indicates the detail of the
claim.
OTHER INSURANCE - The name and address of the insurance carrier with whom the
member has other insurance coverage.
CARRIER CODE - The carrier code of the insurance carrier listed above.
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POLICY NAME - The name of the person who holds the insurance policy.
RELATIONSHIP DESCRIPTION - The relationship between the member and the policy
holder.
POLICY - The policy number of the insurance policy that the member holds with the
insurance carrier.
GROUP - The group number that the insurance policy falls under. This field is only
populated if the member's insurance policy is a group policy.
MEDICARE - This field indicates the Medicare type. Possible values are 'PART A' and
'PART B'.
MEDICARE ID - The Medicare ID of the member if applicable.
8.9.3
Earnings Data & Message Codes
The EARNINGS DATA AND MESSAGES CODES - displays the financial data for the
current RA and year-to-date as well as the message codes that were listed with any
claims (EOB codes) on the RA.
NUMBER OF CLAIMS PROCESSED (CURRENT) - The total number of claims
processed during the past week. This figure includes all paid, denied, suspended, and
adjusted claims appearing on the RA.
NUMBER OF CLAIMS PROCESSED (YTD) - The total number of claims processed this
calendar year. This figure includes all paid, denied, suspended, and adjusted claims
appearing on the RA; it is equal to the sum of the “Number of Claims Processed” fields
on each RA year-to-date.
DOLLAR AMOUNT PROCESSED (CURRENT) - The dollar amount paid for claims
processed during the past week.
DOLLAR AMOUNT PROCESSED (YTD) - The dollar amount paid for claims processed
this calendar year. This figure is equal to the sum of the “Dollar Amount Processed”
fields on each RA year-to-date.
SYSTEM PAYOUT AMOUNT (CURRENT) - The dollar amount paid out as a result of
system generated financial transactions during the past week.
SYSTEM PAYOUT AMOUNT (YTD) - The dollar amount paid out as a result of system
generated financial transactions for this calendar year. This figure is equal to the sum
of the “System Payout Amount” fields on each RA year-to-date.
MANUAL PAYMENT AMOUNT (CURRENT) - The dollar amount paid out through
manual checks during the past week.
MANUAL PAYMENT AMOUNT (YTD) - The total dollar amount paid out through
manual checks for this calendar year. This figure is equal to the sum of the “Manual
Payout Amount” fields on each RA year-to-date.
RECOUP AMOUNT WITHHELD (CURRENT) - The dollar amount withheld as a result
of recoupment financial transactions during the past week.
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RECOUP AMOUNT WITHHELD (YTD) - The dollar amount withheld as a result of
recoupment financial transactions for this calendar year. This figure is equal to the
sum of the “Recoup Amount Withheld” fields on each RA year-to-date.
PAYMENT AMOUNT (CURRENT) - The total dollar amount paid for paid claims,
system or manual payouts, minus recoup amounts.
PAYMENT AMOUNT (YTD) - The total dollar amount paid for claims submitted and
financial transactions incurred for the calendar year. This figure is equal to the sum of
the “Payment Amount” fields on each RA year-to-date.
CREDIT ITEMS (CURRENT) - The dollar amount relating to any credit items for the
past week. Credit items are all Medicaid void transactions, State void transactions, and
refund transactions.
CREDIT ITEMS (YTD) - The total dollar amount relating to any credit items for the
calendar year. Credit items are all Medicaid void transactions, State void transactions,
and refund transactions.
NET ADJUSTMENT AMOUNT (CURRENT) - The total net adjustment amount from
adjusted claims processing during the past week. This figure is equal to the sum of the
“Net Adjustment Amount” fields located in the “Adjustments” section of the RA for each
adjusted claim.
NET ADJUSTMENT AMOUNT (YTD) - The total net adjustment from adjusted claims
processing for the calendar year. This figure is equal to the sum of the “Net
Adjustment” fields for each RA year-to-date.
NET 1099 ADJUSTMENT (CURRENT) - The net 1099 adjustment incurred from
financial transactions during the past week. This figure is equal to the net sum of all
positive and negative 1099 transactions during the past week.
NET 1099 ADJUSTMENT (YTD) - The total net 1099 adjustment incurred from
financial transactions for the calendar year. This figure is equal to the net sum of the
“NET 1099 Adjustment” fields on each RA year-to-date.
COVERED DAYS INCLUDING NURSERY (CURRENT) - This field only applies to
hospital claims. It indicates the total number of covered days (including nursery care)
billed during the past week.
COVERED DAYS INCLUDING NURSERY (YTD) - This field only applies to hospital
claims. It indicates the total number of covered days (including nursery care) billed
during the calendar year.
NET EARNINGS (CURRENT) - The net earnings for the past week. This figure is
calculated as follows:
Claims Paid Amount
+ System Payout Amount
+ Manual Payout Amount
- Recoup Amount Withheld
- Credit Items
+/- Net 1099 Adjustment (may be positive or negative)
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= Net Earnings
NET EARNINGS (YTD) - The total net earnings for the calendar year. This figure is
equal to the sum of all the Net Earnings fields on each RA year-to-date.
ELECTRONIC FUNDS TRANSFER STATEMENT – The dollar amount deposited
electronically. This statement includes the account number into which the money was
deposited as well as the date the deposit was sent to the provider’s bank.
MESSAGE CODES - The (EOB) codes displayed in other sections of the RA and a
written explanation for each.
8.10
Refunds
In the event of a Medicaid overpayment, a refund check may be attached to a Medicaid
“Refund Form” (https://www.vtmedicaid.com/Downloads/forms.html) and sent to HPES.
The Refund Form requires providers to state the reason for the refund and to designate
the claim or account against which it should be applied. Refunds will be reflected on the
Financial Items page of the RA. The refund amounts will be deducted automatically from
the YEAR-TO-DATE total.
When other health insurance payments are received after Medicaid payment has been
made, the provider should refund to HPES the lesser of the amount paid by the insurer or
the Medicaid payment. Failure to do so may be criminally punishable as Medicaid fraud.
Section 9
9.1
Billing Procedures CMS1500 & UB04 Claim Types
Abortions
Induced abortions are billable only when the Abortion Certification Form has been
submitted and approved by the appropriate funding source prior to the procedure being
rendered. Forms can be found by clicking on the applicable Abortion Certification link at
http://ovha.vermont.gov/for-providers/forms-1. The two funding source forms are described
below.
1.
Vermont Medicaid
Completion of form DVHA 219A is required for abortions performed if the pregnancy
is a result of rape or incest, or when the mother’s life is endangered by carrying the
fetus to term. This consent form and the medical documentation of the situation must
be sent to HPES with each claim.
2.
State Funds
Abortions considered medically necessary require the completion of Physician
Certification form DVHA 219B, and are paid by the Department for Children and
Families (DCF) funding.
The form must be completed, signed and attached to the claim when submitted for
processing.
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Spontaneous and missed abortions completed surgically are billable under Vermont
Medicaid with use of the appropriate procedure and diagnosis codes. A certification form
is not required.
Vermont Medicaid does not reimburse for abortions performed by Certified Nurse
Midwives.
Abortion Diagnosis Codes
Unspecified abortion diagnosis codes will not be accepted by Vermont Medicaid. When
billing, use a more specific abortion diagnosis code. Providers should refer to the current
ICD-9-CM manual for the correct code.
9.2
Aids/HIV
Vermonters living with HIV infection who meet certain income guidelines may be eligible
for help with Medicaid co-payments for treatment drugs through the Vermont Medication
Assistance Program (VMAP)
http://healthvermont.gov/prevent/aids/aids_index.aspx#Anchor-Th-57625.
Vermont residents not covered by the Medicaid may be eligible for coverage of HIV
medications, and/or for benefits. Application for this benefit may be obtained by writing
to: VMAP Coordinator, Department of Health-Vermont Medication Assistance Program
(VMAP), P.O. Box 70, Burlington, VT 05402.
9.3
CPT Category III Procedure Codes
Category III codes are non-covered because they represent “emerging technology, services
and procedures”. These services are universally considered experimental or
investigational and therefore not covered by Vermont Medicaid. Should a
service/procedure represented by a Category III code become accepted medical practice,
providers may send written documentation to the DVHA Clinical Operations Unit (fax:
802-879-5963) requesting a coverage review.
9.4
Factor HCPCS Codes
Factor HCPCS Codes are typically submitted through the pharmacy benefit (except in
cases of emergency). Claims for services billed through the medical benefit require notes
be included. All claims submitted for emergency room services are exempt from this
requirement.
9.5
Fee Schedule
The Fee Schedule is published at http://dvha.vermont.gov/for-providers/claims-processing1 for providers to access current reimbursement rates on file for all procedure codes
accepted by Vermont Medicaid. Other pertinent information includes pricing effective
dates, whether the code requires a prior authorization and allowable provider types and
specialties.
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Services that are non-reimbursed by Vermont Medicaid are also identified. The PAC 8
(invalid codes) & 9 (non-covered) lists include all codes which are on file as “Do not pay”.
It is imperative that providers reference this list prior to rendering services to ensure
validity of specific procedure codes. When a procedure code is updated to a PAC 8 or 9
status, providers are notified 30 days prior via banner pages. However, the Fee Schedule
and PAC 8 & 9 lists are updated on a monthly basis, therefore, it is important to refer to
these lists often.
9.6
Health Examination of Defined Subpopulation
DVHA will only accept diagnosis code V70.5 (Health examination of defined
subpopulations) when it is billed as the primary diagnosis for the subpopulation
“Refugees”. All other claims containing diagnosis code V70.5 will be denied.
Diagnosis code V70.5 is acceptable billing for new refugees, but only when used for their
first domestic health examination and related diagnostic tests; and when medically
necessary for a follow-up visit.
Each claim must indicate V70.5 as the primary diagnosis and must contain the notation
“Refugee – Initial Exam” or “Refugee – Second Visit”.
All subsequent care must be billed with an appropriate medical diagnosis per standard billing
practice.
9.7 Interpreter Services/Limited English Proficiency (LEP)
Providers are required under federal and State laws to provide interpreters for patients with
limited English proficiency (LEP) and for those who are deaf or hard of hearing.
•
Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964
•
Title VI regulations, prohibiting discrimination based on national origin
•
Executive Order 13166 issued in 2000
•
Vermont’s Patients’ Bill of Rights (18 VSA 1852)
•
Vermont Public Accommodations (9 VSA 4502)
9.7.1 Informed Consent
The Vermont Patients’ Bill of Rights provides that “the patient has the right to receive
from the patients’ physician information necessary to give informed consent prior to the
start of any procedure or treatment.” Additionally, failing to obtain informed consent
may be a factor in medical malpractice litigation, although there are some exceptions.
For the purposes of medical malpractice actions, “lack of informed consent” is defined as
a failure to disclose to the patient reasonably foreseeable risks, benefits, and
alternatives to the proposed treatment, in a manner permitting the patient to make a
knowledgeable evaluation. In addition, patients are entitled to reasonable answers to
specific questions about foreseeable risks and benefits. [12 V.S.A. § 1909] Using
interpreters, translations services or other communication aids and services may be
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necessary to ensure that patients with LEP, who are deaf or hard-of-hearing receive
appropriate information about the proposed treatment to enable them to give informed
consent to treatment.
9.7.2 HIPAA
An interpreter or bilingual employee is covered under the health care operations
exception for purposes of HIPAA, and the patient’s written authorization to disclose
protected health information is not required. Providers who utilize a private company
for interpretation on an ongoing contractual basis should ensure that their contract
conforms to the HIPAA Privacy Rule business associate agreement requirements. In
other situations, with disclosures to family members, friends, or other persons identified
by an individual as involved in his or her care, when the individual is present, the
health care professional or facility may obtain the individual’s agreement or reasonably
infer, based on the exercise of professional judgment, that the individual does not object
to the disclosure of protected health information to the interpreter.
9.7.3 Vermont Medicaid Billing
A provider who pays for interpreter services for Vermont Medicaid members may bill
procedure code T1013 for each 15 minutes of paid interpreter services provided, on-site
or via telephone. This may include interpreter service outside of the actual healthcare
provider encounter in order to fill out forms or review information/instructions.
The provider may not bill Vermont Medicaid or the member for a missed appointment
per federal policy.
Claims are submitted using the CMS 1500 claim form with HCPCS code T1013, with
the exception that Home Health Agencies use the UB04 claim form with revenue code
940 with the HCPCS code T1013. FQHC/RHC providers must bill T1013 for interpreter
services using their non-FQHC/RHC provider numbers.
When a member receives services that are not eligible for reimbursement, the
interpreter services are ineligible for reimbursement.
9.7.4 Limited English Proficiency (LEP) Resources
Organization:
Web:
AT&T On Demand Interpreter (PHONE)
www.att.com/interpreter
Organization:
Phone/Web:
Voiance (PHONE)
1-866-743-9010
www.voiance.com
Organization:
Phone/Web:
Language Line Services
1-877-866-3885
(PHONE)
www.languageline.com
Organization:
Phone/Email:
Vermont Refugee Resettlement Program (IN-PERSON)
1-802-655-1963
[email protected]
9.7.5 Deaf and Hard of Hearing Resources
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Organization:
Phone/Web:
Language Services Associates (IN-PERSON)
1-800-305-9573
www.lsaweb.com
Organization:
Phone/Web:
Vermont Interpreter Referral Service (IN-PERSON)
1-802-254-3920
www.virs.org
Organization:
Phone/Web:
Registry of Interpreters for the Deaf
1-703-838-0030
www.rid.org
Vermont Agency of Human Services: In-house contract for interpretation services.
9.7.6 Additional Online Information
http://www.vtmd.org/interpreter-issues-and-resources
http://www.aot.state.vt.us/civilrights/Documents/VermontTranslationServicesGeneralPublic.pdf
9.8
Inpatient Newborn Services (Physicians)
Members may apply for a newborn ID for their child at the time of delivery using forms
available at the facility or by application, at the Department for Children and Families
(DCF) office. It is recommended providers wait for the child’s ID number to be issued
before billing Medicaid.
If the baby’s MID is not yet available when the provider needs to bill, the mother’s ID can
be used only if the baby and mother are inpatient together for the duration of the stay, up
to 7 consecutive days. The mother’s inpatient delivery charge must be paid or claim will
deny. This information (of payment) can be verified through the Provider Services help
desk at 800-925-1706 or 802-878-7871.
Example: Mother leaves hospital after three days and baby stays. The mother’s ID can be
used for the baby only those first three days; further claims for the baby must use the
baby’s ID.
Example: Both are hospitalized for more than seven days. Services for the baby on the
eighth day and after must be billed using the baby’s ID.
Since birthing room births are also billed as inpatient, the place of service would always
be 21.
The following information is required on the CMS1500 Claim Form:
Field Locator - Information
1a - Mother’s VT Medicaid ID number
2 - Baby’s name
Use the following name format to indicate twin and multiple-birth babies.
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ABaby
•
BBaby
•
CBaby
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3 - Baby’s date of birth
4 - Mother’s name
6 - Check “child”
19 - Write “billing for baby under mother’s ID number”.
The following information is required on the UB04 Claim Form:
Field Locator - Information
8b. - Baby's name
Use the following name format to indicate twin and multiple-birth babies.
•
ABaby
•
BBaby
•
CBaby
10 - Baby's date of birth
58 - Mother's name
60 - Mother's ID number
80 - Write "Billing for baby under mother's ID number"
Option 2: The provider can wait for the child’s permanent ID number to be issued.
9.9
Modifier ‘LT’ & ‘RT’
Vermont Medicaid does not utilize the modifier combinations ‘RTLT’ or ‘LTRT’ (right and
left; bilateral). When Correct Coding allows one of these combinations on the base
procedure code and the item is supplied bilaterally, the Vermont Medicaid provider must
bill two separate line items: one with modifier RT on the base code and another line with
modifier LT on the base code. The RT and LT modifier must appear first when used in
combination with another modifier.
9.10 Place of Service (POS) Codes
POS codes are 2-digit codes placed on health care professional claims to indicate the
setting in which a service was provided. CMS maintains the nationwide use of POS codes.
DVHA follows CMS POS instruction when determining the correct facility/non-facility
reimbursement. As an entity covered under HIPAA, DVHA must comply with standards
and implementation guides adopted by regulations for ASC X12N 837 electronic claim
transactions. All electronic and paper CMS 1500 claim forms are required to include a
POS code.
A POS Code reflects the actual place where the member receives the face-to-face service
and determines whether the facility or non-facility rate is paid. The correct POS code
ensures that reimbursement for the overhead portion of the payment is not paid
incorrectly to the physician when the service is performed in a facility setting. POS
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assigned by the physician/practitioner is the setting in which the member received the
technical component (TC) service.
Further information is included in these CMS publications:
• http://www.cms.gov/Outreach-and-Education/Medicare-Learning-NetworkMLN/MLNMattersArticles/downloads/SE1226.pdf
• https://www.cms.gov/Medicare/Coding/place-of-servicecodes/Place_of_Service_Code_Set.html
The list of settings where Professional services are paid at the facility rate:
Inpatient hospital
(POS 21)
Skilled nursing facility
(POS 31)
Outpatient
hospital (POS 22)
Hospice for inpatient care
(POS 34)
Emergency roomhospital (POS 23)
Ambulance – Land
(POS 41)
ASC for HCPCS
on list of approved
procedures
(POS 24)
Military treatment
facility (POS 26)
Ambulance – Air or water
(POS 42)
Inpatient
Psychiatry facility
(POS 51)
Psychiatry
facility – partial
hospitalization
(POS 52)
Community mental
health facility
(POS 53)
Psychiatric
Residential
Treatment Center
(POS 56)
Comprehensive
Inpatient
Rehabilitation
Facility (POS 61)
Professional services are paid at non-facility rates for procedures in the following:
settings:
School
(POS 03)
Birthing Center (POS 25)
Office (POS 11)
Nursing facility (POS 32)
Home or private
residence (POS 12)
Custodial Care Facility
(POS 33)
Assisted living
facility (POS 13)
Mobile Unit (POS
Federally Qualified
Health Center (POS 50)
Intermediate Health
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Comprehensive
Outpatient
Rehabilitation
Facility (POS 62)
End-Stage Renal
Disease Treatment
Facility (POS 65)
State or local
Health Clinic (POS
71)
Rural Health Clinic
(POS 72)
Independent Lab
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15)
Well Child Clinic
(POS 17)
(CMS Walk-in
Retail Clinic)
Care Facility
Developmentally disabled
(54)
Residential Substance
Abuse Treatment Facility
(POS 55)
(POS 81)
Other Place of
Service (POS 99)
9.11 Rehabilitative Therapy see section 7.8.6
9.12
Spend-Down
In some cases, eligibility is contingent upon the applicant having extraordinary expenses.
In these cases, the applicant must first become responsible for a specific dollar amount for
medical expenses during a six-month period. The actual amount is known as the “spenddown” amount as calculated by DCF. A spend-down member becomes eligible for Vermont
Medicaid on the day of the month in which the incurred medical expense amount equals
or exceeds the specified “spend-down” amount. When the member becomes eligible, all
providers performing a service on that first day of eligibility will receive a Notice of
Decision letter (ESD 220MP) from the district office. The letter explains that the spenddown amount has been met by the member, or that a portion of the provider’s bill remains
the responsibility of the member. The provider must deduct the spend-down amount, if
any, shown in the ESD 220MP prior to claim submission.
The following aid category codes indicate Notice of Decision (Spend Down) applies to
services provided on the first day of a member’s eligibility: PA, PB, PC, PD, PP PR, P3,
P4, P5, P6, P7 and P8.
When completing the UB04 Claim Form involving spend-down, the provider must do
the following:
1. Enter the spend-down amount shown on the Notice of Decision in field locator
54b. If there was a payment by a third party insurance, add the other
insurance payment and spend-down amount in field locator 54b.
2. Enter the spend down amount on the UB04 Medicare Attachment Summary
Form (MASF) for Medicare crossover claim types: X and W.
a. If no Other Insurance payment, check box for NO (6b) on MASF; the
provider is to enter the spend down amount in the other insurance
field on the MASF.
b. If there is an Other Insurance payment, check box for YES (6a) on
MASF; the provider is to enter the total combined amount of the other
insurance payment and the spend down in the other insurance field
(6c) on the MASF.
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3. Write “Spend-down deducted $(amount)” in field locator 80, labeled Remarks. If any
or the entire spend-down amount has been satisfied, write the applicable Internal
Control Number (ICN) and the total spend-down amount met by the member.
4. Attach a copy of the Notice of Decision to the claim and submit to HPES for
processing. The Notice of Decision must be specific to the provider that is submitting
the claim.
When submitting a CMS1500 Claim Form involving spend-down, the provider must
do the following:
1. Indicate “spend down” and the amount in field locator 19. If any or the entire
spend-down amount has been satisfied, write the applicable Internal Control
Number (ICN) and the total spend-down amount met by the member.
2. Put your usual and customary charge in field locator 24f.
3. Total all of the charges appearing on the claim form and write the total amount
in field locator 28.
4. Put the amount of the spend down in field locator 29.
5. Enter the spend down amount on the Medicare Attachment Summary
Form (MASF) for Medicare crossover claim type: Y.
a. If no Other Insurance payment, check box for NO (1b) on MASF; the
provider is to enter the spend down amount in the other insurance
field on the MASF.
b. If there is an Other Insurance payment, check box for YES (1a) on
MASF; the provider is to enter the total combined amount of the
other insurance payment and the spend down in the other insurance
field (1c) on the MASF.
6. Attach a copy of the Notice of Decision to the claim and submit to HPES for
processing.
Section 10 CMS 1500 Claim Submissions
Introduction
This section contains billing information and instruction specific to the CMS 1500 Claim
Form used to bill physician and other specified practitioner services, providers include:
audiologists, chiropractors, dentists, naturopathic physicians, nurse practitioners,
podiatrists, psychologists, and transportation (emergency and non-emergency) providers.
See section 11.12 to obtain CMS 1500 form field locator information and requirements.
An alphabetical list of billable services is located in the following section. The billable
services under the Vermont Medicaid programs are too numerous to list in their entirety;
therefore, only a selection of services is noted in detail.
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10.1 Payment DVHA Primary
The DVHA uses the CMS Common Procedure Coding System to describe reimbursable
items. Certain reimbursable services require prior authorization. For complete details
and a list of codes that require prior authorization, see the Fee Schedule available at
http://www.vtmedicaid.com/Downloads/manuals.html.
Vermont Medicaid reimbursement policy for the various CMS 1500 billers is as follows:
Ambulance Services-Reimbursement basis is the lower of the provider’s charge or
Vermont Medicaid rate on file. The unit of service is the loaded mile, see Section 10.3.2
Ambulance Services.
Anesthesia Assistants-Reimbursement basis is 80% of the Vermont Medicaid rate on file.
Audiologist-Reimbursement basis is the lower of the provider’s charge or Vermont
Medicaid rate on file. The unit of service is the procedure.
Chiropractor-Reimbursement basis is the lower of the provider’s charge or Vermont
Medicaid rate on file. For additional Chiropractic information, see Section 11.3.13
Chiropractic Services.
Certified Nurse-Midwife- Reimbursement basis is 100% of the Vermont Medicaid rate
on file.
CRNA- Reimbursement basis is 100% of the Vermont Medicaid rate on file.
Dentist-Reimbursement basis for CPT procedures is the lower of the provider’s charge or
the Vermont Medicaid rate on file when billing on a CMS1500 Claim Form. All other
billings are on the ADA Dental Claim Form (see Dental Supplement located at
http://www.vtmedicaid.com/Downloads/manuals.html.
Federally Qualified Health Center:
Primary Care - Reimbursement is on interim, cost-based encounter rates determined
using Medicare principles and receiving the higher of encounter cost of PPS payment
at the final cost settlement at year’s end. There is an upper limit to the encounter
rate when applicable.
Dental Services - Reimbursement is fee-for-service with a cost settlement at year’s
end.
Independent Lab - Reimbursement basis is the lower of the provider’s actual charge or the
Vermont Medicaid rate on file not to exceed the Medicare maximum allowable amount.
There is no cost settlement.
Independent Radiology - Reimbursement basis is the lower of the provider’s actual charge
for the Vermont Medicaid rate on file not to exceed the Medicare maximum allowable
amount. There is no cost settlement. For additional Radiology information, see the CMS
1500 Manual.
Licensed Lay Midwife - Reimbursement basis is the lower of the provider’s charge or
ninety percent (90%) of the Vermont Medicaid rate on file for a physician providing the
same service. Reimbursement is limited to certain procedure codes.
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Naturopathic Physicians – Reimbursement basis is the lower of the provider’s charge or
Vermont Medicaid rate on file.
Nurse Practitioner - Reimbursement basis is the lower of the provider’s charge or the
Vermont Medicaid rate on file for a physician providing the same service.
Optician - Reimbursement basis is the lower of the provider’s charge or Vermont Medicaid
rate on file. The unit of service is the procedure.
Optometrist - Reimbursement basis is the lower of the provider’s charge or Vermont
Medicaid rate on file. The unit of service is the procedure.
Physician:
Attending Physician - Reimbursement basis is the lower of the provider’s charge or
Vermont Medicaid rate on file. The unit of service is the CPT procedure.
Anesthesiologist - Reimbursement basis is the lower of the provider’s charge or
Vermont Medicaid rate on file for the procedure. The unit of service is 1 unit equals 1
minute.
Assistant Surgeon - Reimbursement is 25% of allowed amount paid to surgeons.
Reimbursement is limited to certain surgical procedures needing assistance.
Pathologists - Reimbursement will be made in accordance with Medicare’s Medigram
83-11 and subsequent Medigrams. The unit of service is the CPT procedure.
Psychiatry - Reimbursement basis is the lower of the provider’s charge or Vermont
Medicaid rate on file. The unit of service is per visit or for time elapsed.
Surgeons - Reimbursement basis is the lower of the provider’s charges or the
Vermont Medicaid rate on file. The unit of service is the surgical procedure.
Physician Assistant - Reimbursement basis is the lower of the provider’s charge or
ninety percent (90%) of the Vermont Medicaid rate on file for a physician providing
the same service. The unit of service is the procedure.
Podiatrist - Reimbursement basis is the lower of the provider’s charge or Vermont
Medicaid rate on file. The unit of service is the procedure.
Psychological Services - see Psychiatry/Psychology
Rural Health Clinic:
Primary Care - Reimbursement is on interim, cost-based encounter rates determined using
Medicare principles and a final cost settlement at year’s end. There is an upper limit to the
encounter rate when applicable.
Dental Services - Reimbursement is fee-for-service with a cost settlement at year’s end.
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Other Ambulatory Services - Reimbursement is Vermont Medicaid fee-for-service rate on file.
10.2 Non-Reimbursable Services
No payment will be made for a service or item that is not eligible for reimbursement,
unless authorized by the DVHA for reimbursement via section 7104 of Medicaid rules.
These authorizations may be made only when serious detrimental health consequences
would arise. Any member interested in applying, may contact the Green Mountain
Care Member Services Unit for the required forms.
The following list identifies some of the most frequently billed non-reimbursable services
(this list is not an all-inclusive list):
•
Acupuncture
•
Biofeedback Therapy
•
Cellular Therapy
•
Certain prescription drugs
•
Cochleostomy with neurovascular transplant for Meniere’s disease
•
Colonic irrigation
•
Cosmetic surgery-Providers are reminded that cosmetic surgery and expenses
incurred in connection with such surgery are not covered by Vermont Medicaid.
Coverage is available only when such surgery is required for the prompt repair of
accidental injury or the improvement of the functioning of malformed body members
(that coincidentally serves some cosmetic purpose). Examples of such required
surgeries include the treatment of severe burns, facial repair following an auto
accident, or severe congenital malformations.
•
Electro sleep therapy
•
Endothelial cell photography
•
Experimental and/or investigational procedures
•
Eyeglasses for adults
•
Hair analysis
•
Hemodialysis for the treatment of cancer
•
Hospital and ancillary services related to a non-covered surgery
•
In vitro fertilization
•
Laetrile and related substances
•
Low intensity direct current treatment of ischemic skin ulcers
•
Non-medically necessary services
•
Non-rebate National Drug Code (NDC)
•
Oxygen treatment of inner ear/carbon therapy
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•
Plethysmography, category II
•
Poison ivy desensitization
•
Prolotherapy, joint sclerotherapy and ligamentous injections with sclerosing
agents
•
Repeat sterilizations
•
Reversal of sterilizations
•
Routine foot care
•
Services performed for administrative reasons
•
Services related to any non-reimbursable service, such as services ancillary to the
reversal of a sterilization
•
State-supplied vaccines
•
Sterilization under age 21 at the time of signature on the consent form
•
Thermal (capsular) heating/shrinkage procedures/surgery
•
Thermogenic therapy
•
Transvenous (catheter) pulmonary embolectomy
10.3 CMS 1500 Claim Type – Billing Information
10.3.1 Alcohol/Drug Detoxification Treatment
Physicians and Alcohol & Drug Abuse Programs (ADAP) provide services for inpatient
alcohol/drug detoxification and are payable when provided within the geographical
limits of the state. Treatment facilities outside the state that wish to bill the DVHA,
including designated border facilities, must receive prior authorization. A request for
prior authorization must be made by or on behalf of the referring or admitting
physician. No telephone authorizations will be granted, see the Inpatient Psychiatric &
Detoxification Authorization Manual located at
http://www.vtmedicaid.com/Downloads/manuals.html for further instruction.
ADAP providers must bill services using their ADAP NPI (with taxonomy code when
applicable) as the attending number, as well as continue to put the ADAP NPI number
in field locator 33a.
10.3.2 Ambulance Services
All the following conditions must be met before reimbursement will be made:
1. The vehicle and personnel must be certified for participation in Medicare.
2. A physician or nurse must order ambulance transport and certify it as medically
necessary (any other mode of transport would have endangered the health of the
member).
3. The member is transported to the nearest appropriate facility.
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Vermont Medicaid is the Payer of Last Resort
All other insurances, Medicare and town or city government must be billed prior to
submitting a claim to Vermont Medicaid.
The completed claim must show the total loaded miles, i.e. the full number of miles the
member was on board/transported.
Mileage must be rounded to the nearest whole number. When the digit following the
decimal point is 0, 1, 2, 3, or 4, round down [keep the digit(s) before the decimal point
and drop the digits following the decimal point]. When the digit is 5, 6, 7, 8, or 9, round
up by one number. Examples: 36.3 miles becomes 36 miles; 36.5 miles becomes 37 miles.
Other services incidental to the member’s condition such as disposable supplies, oxygen,
tolls and ferry expense are reimbursed when detailed on the claim. The invoice or
receipt must be attached.
Ambulance providers must enter their own NPI in field locator 24j for each procedure
code. The ambulance provider NPI must also be entered in field locator 33a with the
provider name and address.
Basic/base rates include all procedures (e.g. administration of medications, application
of splints). The DVHA does not accept the modifiers utilized by Medicare. Air mileage is
no longer included within the ambulance service code and may be billed out separately.
Some service may be covered under Non –Emergency Transportation (NEMT)
section 10.3.38
SERVICE FROM
SERVICE TO
ALLOWED
1. Member’s home or
nursing home
Hospital, inpatient admission
Yes
2. Hospital or nursing home
or discharged as inpatient
Home, inpatient admission to
another hospital, nursing home
Yes
3. Home or nursing home
Hospital and return for specialized
diagnostic or therapeutic services
(not simple follow-up visits)
Yes
4. Inpatient hospital status
Another hospital and return for
specialized diagnostic or therapeutic
services not available at first hospital
No*
5. Scene of accident
Hospital for emergency room or inpatient
admission
Yes
6. Home or nursing home
Hospital based renal dialysis facility & return
Yes
7. Home or nursing home
Physician’s office (see NEMT)
No
8. Physician’s office
Home or nursing home (see NEMT)
No
9. Home or hospital
VT Respite House
Yes
*This service is paid for by the hospital where trip originates.
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Medicaid does not reimburse for miles accumulated when the member is not on board,
or for waiting time.
Physician Certification
Ambulance providers are required to keep a completed Certification of Medical
Necessity (CMN) in every Vermont Medicaid members file substantiating each claim
submitted for payment. A physician, a registered nurse or a licensed practical nurse
must sign this CMN. If the Medicare CMN form is used, the origin and destination
must be written on the form.
Physicians are reminded that they are certifying “other methods of transportation are
medically contraindicated” or “means of transportation other than ambulance would
endanger the member's health.” Since Vermont Medicaid pays for other forms of
transportation (e.g., taxi, bus) to and from medically necessary services, members are
able to access health care with no personal expense. Both the Vermont Medicaid
program and Vermont ambulance service providers ask physicians to order and certify
only those trips that are medically necessary, and to expedite their handling and return
of the forms to the ambulance service.
A copy of the ambulance CMN form is required to be sent in with claims for nonemergency transport services for chemotherapy, dialysis and radiation
treatment/services. The certification must state why other means of transportation were
not acceptable. A CMN is not required with claims for emergency transport.
See Non-Emergency Medical Transportation (NEMT) for information regarding
transportation for eligible members to and from medically necessary medical services
that are Medicaid billable.
10.3.3 Anesthesia
Payment is provided for anesthesia administered by an anesthesiologist, certified
registered nurse anesthetist (CRNA) or anesthesia assistant that remains in constant
attendance during the surgical procedure, for the sole purpose of providing the
anesthesia service. Payment is not reimbursable for the operating physician when
billing for the administration of anesthesia. The administration of anesthesia by the
operating M.D. is included in the reimbursement for the surgery.
Medical Direction of Anesthesia: When services are performed by non-physician
anesthetists and medically directed by the physician anesthesiologist, reimbursement
may be made to the physician for medical direction of the anesthetist. In order to be
reimbursed for medical direction, the physician must:
•
Direct no more than four concurrent anesthesia procedures
•
Be physically present in the operating suite and available for immediate diagnosis
and treatment of emergencies
•
Perform a pre-anesthetic examination and evaluation
•
Prescribe the anesthesia plan
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•
Personally participate in the most demanding procedures in the anesthesia plan,
including induction and emergent
•
Monitor the course of anesthesia administered at frequent intervals
•
Ensure that a qualified individual performs any procedures in the anesthesia
plan not done by the physician
•
Provide indicated post-anesthesia care
Oral surgery billed on a CMS 1500 using CPT coding is subject to the same rules as a
physician. The fee for anesthesia provided during oral surgery by the operating
physician or dentist is included within the payment for the surgical procedure. This is
different from payments for dentistry. See: Oral Surgery
Allowable Modifiers
Billable by the Anesthesiologist
•
AA-Services performed by an Anesthesiologist not medically directing.
•
QY-Medical direction of one case
•
QK-Medical direction of 2, 3 or 4 cases
•
AD-More than 4 cases (This change in current Vermont Medicaid policy follows
Medicare’s reduction in base units from 4 to 3 for this modifier).
Billable by the CRNA or Anesthesia Assistant
•
QX-Service with medical direction by Anesthesiologist
Billable by the CRNA only
•
QZ-Service without medical direction by Anesthesiologist
Billable by the CRNA or Physician
•
QS-Monitored anesthesiology care services
The QS modifier is for informational purposes. Providers must report actual
anesthesia time on the claim.
All anesthesia codes must be billed with the appropriate modifier. Reimbursement may
be extended to the services of more than one anesthesiologist when written justification
is attached to the claim with a copy of the operative report and the anesthesia record.
Epidural Catheter-Pain Management
In keeping with Medicare policy, the DVHA cannot pay either spinal cord catheter
introduction or pain management on the same date as surgery and/or general
anesthesia. Spinal catheter introduction and pain management is included within the
surgical and anesthetic reimbursements. Daily management of epidural or
subarachnoid drug administration is payable only after the day on which the catheter
was introduced.
Units of Service
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Anesthesia services (procedure codes which begin with zero in the CPT) are required to
bill units in actual time spent in minutes. For example, one unit equals one minute of
actual time spent in attendance. A limit of 600 units (10 hours) has been imposed all
anesthesia codes, with the exception for CPT codes 00211 and 00567 the unit limit is
480, and CPT code 01967 the unit limit is 360. When submitting a claim for anesthesia
services with units greater than the maximum allowed amount for the same date of
service; submit a paper CMS 1500 claim form and include the appropriate supporting
documentation (e.g. an anesthesia report), except for code 01967 for which the unit cap
is set.
The DVHA payment methodology for anesthesia services is the lower of the actual
charge or the Medicaid rate on file. Under Level III PAC A pricing is the Medicare
payment formula of (units of service + base unit) multiplied by a conversion factor. The
units of service billed are based on Medicare billing requirements. The base unit values
used by DVHA are those put in place by Medicare effective January 1, 2012. For
ongoing updates, the DVHA will follow Medicare's update schedule each January 1.
Time begins when the anesthesiologist/CRNA prepares the member for the introduction
of anesthesia and ends when the anesthesiologist/CRNA is no longer in constant
attendance. Included within the scope of this payment are pre and post-operative visits,
the administration of anesthetic, and the administration of any fluid or blood incident to
the anesthesia or surgery.
Local Anesthesia
Reimbursement for local anesthetic is included in the reimbursement for the procedure.
Local anesthesia is never reimbursed as a separate service. This includes Novocain or
topical anesthesia used by dentists.
Monitoring Services
The services of an anesthesiologist required to monitor the member during surgery
performed under local anesthesia are reimbursable. A narrative justification for the
service must accompany the claim.
Spinal Injection/Nerve Block
Nerve blocks performed concurrent with surgery or on the same date of service as
surgery are reimbursed as part of the surgical code payment and are not to be billed
separately.
When a spinal injection or nerve block (e.g. procedure codes in the 622—and 644—
series) is performed as an independent procedure for diagnostic or therapeutic reasons
(not concurrent with surgery), it is billed as the surgical procedure. The physician,
regardless of specialty (e.g. anesthesiologist, surgeon, etc.) must bill on a CMS 1500
claim form using the specific procedure code for the type of nerve block performed. A
unit of service is not time expended: one nerve block equals one unit of service.
Pre-Surgical Examination
Pre-surgical examination is reimbursable as part of the surgical procedure code
payment. Only when the surgery is cancelled will the pre-surgical examination be
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reimbursed as a separate service.
10.3.4 Antineoplastic Drugs
Antineoplastic drugs or agents necessary in the treatment of malignant diseases are
reimbursed by Vermont Medicaid and are to be billed by the physician/physician group
only when the physician/physician group has purchased the drug. Only drugs
administered by parenteral infusion, perfusion and intracavity means will be paid.
Reimbursement follows Medicare or by invoice. Use the appropriate HCPCS J----code
and NDC. For the administration of antineoplastic agents in the office or physicianbased clinic, see procedure codes in the 964-- section of the CPT manual. The
appropriate-level evaluation and management procedure code for the visit may also be
billed.
10.3.5 Assistant Surgeon
Reimbursement of services is limited to the Medicare list of procedures requiring an
assistant. It is further limited to one assistant surgeon during an operative session. An
assistant surgeon is reimbursed at 25% of the allowed amount paid to the primary
surgeon for the procedure. Use the appropriate modifier with the surgical code when
billing for assistant surgeons:
•
80-Assistant Surgeon (must be an MD)
•
AS-Physician’s Assistant
Many procedure codes do not require an assistant surgeon and therefore, Vermont
Medicaid will not reimburse for the service. Assistant surgeon services are not to be
billed in cases of co-surgery. In the case of co-surgery, each provider should bill on paper
with the appropriate procedure code without a modifier and attach all related operative
notes.
10.3.6 Audiological Services/Hearing Aids
Audiology services are provided to members of any age. Coverage of hearing aids is
limited to one hearing aid per ear every three years for specified degree of hearing loss.
Prior authorization is required for requests prior to the three year limit.
Audiology services pre-approved for coverage are limited to:
•
Audiologic examinations;
•
Hearing screening;
•
Hearing assessments;
•
Diagnostic tests for hearing loss;
•
Analog hearing aids, plus their repair or replacement for members of any age
•
Digital hearing aids, plus their repair or replacement for members of any age
(see below for further instruction).
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•
Prescriptions for hearing aid batteries – six batteries per month (see below for
further instruction);
•
Fitting/orientation/checking of hearing aids; and
•
Ear molds.
Payment will be made for hearing aids for members who have at least one of the
following conditions or if otherwise necessary under EPSDT found at rule 4100:
•
Hearing loss in the better ear is greater than 30dB based on an average taken at
500, 1000, and 2000Hz.
•
Unilateral hearing loss is greater than 30dB, based on an average taken at
500, 1000, and 2000Hz.
•
Hearing loss in the better ear is greater than 40dB based on an average taken at
2000, 3000, and 4000Hz, or word recognition is poorer than 72 percent.
Batteries
One package of 6 batteries is reimbursable per month when there is a written
prescription from the physician. Prior authorization is not required. A completed
Medical Necessity Form (MNF): Substantiating medical need for the hearing aid must
be kept on file for auditing purposes.
Hearing Aid Repairs
Prior authorization is required if a second repair/modification is needed within 365 days
of a previous repair or any repair in excess of $100. The cost of repairs/modifications
should be less than 50% of the cost of replacing the aid. Repairs must never be billed on
hearing aids that are still under warranty (new or repair/replacement).
Only Digital Hearing Aids in code range V5255-V5261 allow modifier “TJ” (child and/or
adolescent). The “TJ” modifier triggers a higher allowed amount to cover more
sophisticated programming capability when medically necessary. For monaural codes,
“TJ” will be the second modifier because modifier RT and LT must be given first (e.g.
V5255RT/TJ).
Non-Covered Services
The following are non-covered services unless authorized for coverage via rule 7104:
nonmedical items, such as: air canal aids and maintenance items other than batteries,
and fees associated with selection and trial periods or loaners. DVHA does not pay for
“CIC” (completely in the canal) hearing aids.
10.3.7 Bilateral Procedures Physician/Professional Billing
When bilateral surgical procedures are performed during the same operative session,
and the CPT code’s description does not already state “bilateral”, bill the CPT code only
once using modifier 50 and bill one unit only. The system will allow one 150% payment.
Modifier 50 on is not to be used on claims submitted for bilateral radiology services. In
addition, Modifier 50 is not to be used on institutional claims; it is not recognized under
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the VT OPPS Pricing Methodology.
10.3.8
Capsule Endoscopy (Esophagus through Ileum)
Capsule Endoscopy is a reimbursable service by Vermont Medicaid and requires prior
authorization from the DVHA. The cost of the capsule and the physician fee are
included in the payment. This procedure code should be billed as one unit and includes
a global follow-up care period of 90 days post-procedure. Providers should obtain prior
authorization before scheduling the procedure.
Capsule endoscopy of only the esophagus is not covered.
10.3.9
Children with Special Health Needs Infant Toddler Programs
Aid Category Code – SH (Children with Special Health Needs) is used only when
submitting medical claims for Physical, Occupational and Speech Therapy (PT,OT,ST),
Nutritionist (NU) or Autism Specialist (AU) services only.
Dental claims for Children with Special Health Needs will continue to be processed
through the Vermont Department of Health, PO Box 70, Burlington, VT 05402.
10.3.10 Chiropractic Services
DVHA will not pay for any x-rays necessary to substantiate the subluxation. Physicians,
hospitals and other providers should be aware that Vermont Medicaid does not pay for
any service ordered by a chiropractor.
Members under age 21 may only receive chiropractic services for the manipulation of
the spine to correct a subluxation. Chiropractic services for members under age 12
require prior authorization from the DVHA. Visits for adults and children are limited to
10 visits per calendar year. Prior Authorization, from the DVHA, is required for all
members requiring additional visits over the 10 visit limit per calendar year. The PA
request, accompanied by all pertinent clinical data documenting the need for treatment
must be submitted to the DVHA in writing.
10.3.11 Consultation
A consultation includes those services provided by a physician whose opinion or advice
is requested by the attending physician in the evaluation or treatment of a member’s
illness or condition. A consultation may occur in any location or setting. A consultation
must include a written report to the referring physician and must be available to
Vermont Medicaid upon request. The only time a consultation code is valid for a pre-op
exam is when the surgeon is not the member’s primary physician and is assessing the
need for surgery. In such a case, the billed diagnosis must indicate the medical
condition, not the pre-op V-code.
When the surgery is already scheduled, the physician who performs the pre-op (history
and physical) is to bill the appropriate E & M code, not a consultation code.
Consultation codes will be denied when the diagnosis or other information indicates the
service was a pre-op exam.
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To bill for a consultation service, use the CMS 1500 claim form, and refer to the CPT
manual for procedure codes and definitions. All initial consults are limited to one per
member per diagnosis. The NPI number of the referring physician is mandatory in field
locator 17b when billing a consultation code.
10.3.12 Detail Processing
Each line on the CMS 1500 claim form is called a “detail” and is processed individually.
All of the details on a claim form have the same Internal Control Number (ICN).
However, each detail has its own sequence number that is listed on the remittance
advice right after the claim’s ICN. Individual processing means that one detail from a
claim may appear on the remittance advice in the Paid Claims section while another
detail from the same claim may appear in the Suspended and/or Denied Claims section.
This type of processing allows each detail to be processed individually. No detail is
delayed by the processing of another detail.
10.3.13 Developmental & Autism Screening of Young Children
The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that all infants and young children
be screened with valid, reliable screening instruments for developmental delays at
regular intervals. To improve detection rates through the use of standardized screening
instruments by primary care providers, the DVHA will reimburse for a developmental
screening (CPT 96110) with a standardized screening tool to be billed on the same day
as a well-child visit or other E & M codes.
All infants or young children should have a general periodic developmental screening at
the 9th, 18th, 24th or 30th month well child visits. Developmental screening is
recommended when surveillance indicates an infant or young child may be at risk for
developmental delay.
When billing for a general developmental screening of an infant or young child at the
9th, 18th, 24th or 30th month visits providers should use CPT Code 96110 and the
appropriate "V" diagnosis code. Providers are required to maintain documentation in
the patient medical record of the screening, the screening tool used, and evidence of
screening result or screening score.
To ensure children are screened with the most appropriate tools, the Vermont Child
Health Improvement Program reviewed information on developmental screening tools
identified in the AAP policy statement, and coordinated a committee of developmental
and primary care pediatricians to review and comment on this information resulting in
a “preferred list” of developmental screening tools.
For most primary care physicians, tools that fall under the general screening category
are going to be most useful and appropriate for young children. There will be instances
where secondary screening tools, or domain specific tools, may be appropriate, and the
decision to use such tools should be based on individual practice needs, physician
experience, population needs, etc.
General Screening Tools
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•
Ages & Stages Questionnaire (ASQ) Third Edition (2009)
www.agesandstages.com
•
Battelle Developmental Inventory: 2nd Edition (BDI-II) - Screening Test (2006)
www.riverpub.com
•
Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development: 3rd Edition (Bayley-III)
Screener (2005) www.pearsonassessments.com
•
Brigance Early Childhood Screens (2005) www.curriculumassociates.com
•
Infant Development Inventory (IDI) (1998) www.childdevrev.com
•
Parents’ Evaluation of Developmental Status (PEDS) (1997) www.pedstest.com
•
PEDS: Developmental Milestones (2006) www.pedstest.com
Secondary Screening Tools
•
Ages & Stages Questionnaires: Social-Emotional (ASQ:SE)
www.agesandstages.com
•
Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) Achenbach System http://www.aseba.org/
•
Communication and Symbolic Behavior Scale-Developmental Profile (CSBSDP):Infant Toddler Checklist
http://www.brookespublishing.com/store/books/wetherby-csbsdp/index.htm
•
Early Language Milestone Scale (ELM Scale-2)
http://www.proedinc.com/customer/ProductLists.aspx?SearchWord=ELM
•
Language Development Survey http://www.aseba.org/
•
Alberta Infant Motor Scale (AIMS) (1994)
http://www.us.elsevierhealth.com/product.jsp?isbn=9780721647210
Autism Screening
The AAP recommends that young children should be screened with valid, reliable
screening tool for autism at regular intervals. All children should have an autism
specific screening at the 18th and 24th month well child visits. To improve detection
rates through the use of standardized screening tool by primary care providers, the
DVHA will allow for an autism screening (CPT 96110) with a standardized screening
tool to be billed on the same day as a well-child visit or other E & M codes.
Primary care providers must use a standardized screening tool to bill for autism
screening that occurs in conjunction with a well-child visit or other visit. Any
standardized screening tool listed in the Academy of Pediatrics policy statement
Identifying Infants and Young Children with Developmental Disorders in the Medical
Home (Pediatrics, Vol. 18, #1, July 2006) can be used through December 31, 2011. As of
January 1, 2012, reimbursement for child autism specific screening at the 18th and
24th month visits should only be requested when the standardized screening tool listed
at the bottom of this guidance is used.
When an autism screening is completed in addition to a developmental screening, using
two separate standardized screening instruments, bill both on the same claim form
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using the developmental screening 2013 CPT 96110 with two (2) units. Submit the
claim with the required diagnosis for the routine child health check (well child visit)
plus an additional diagnosis to indicate that a second screen for special screening for
developmental delays in early childhood has been performed. This is necessary to
differentiate for reporting purposes.
Required documentation must be maintained in the child’s health record and at a
minimum, includes the name of the screening instrument(s) used, the score(s) and the
anticipated guidance related to the results.
Preferred tool list for autism specific screening
Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers (MCHAT) (1999)
http://www.firstsigns.org/screening/tools/rec.htm#asd_screens
10.3.14 Diabetic Teaching
Routine diabetic teaching is included within payment for the medical visit. When it is
medically necessary for the member to be referred to a Certified Diabetic Educator for
more in-depth counseling, billing instructions are provided to the appropriate providers
upon enrollment.
10.3.15 Drugs Requiring Prior Authorization
The following medications (listed in alphabetical order) will require a prior
authorization when paid through the medical benefit as physician or hospital
outpatient billing. This allows the consistency of prior authorization requirements
between the medical and pharmacy benefits:
Amevive (alefacept), Boniva (ibandronate), Botox (botulinum Type A), Myobloc
(botulinum Type B), Orencia (abatacept), Reclast (zoledronic acid injection), Remicade
(infliximab), and Tysabri (natalizumab). For a list of ongoing changes, please see the
DVHA website at http://dvha.vermont.gov/for-providers.
Effective for dates of service on and after 10/01/13, all claims submitted for Zoledronic
Acid must be billed using HCPCS code Q2051.
•
Prior authorization is required from Catamaran when this medication is to be
used for Osteoporosis or Paget’s disease, and
•
Prior authorization is not required when this medication is used to treat
Hypercalcemia of Malignancy and Multiple Myelona with bone metastasis from
solid tumors.
This does not apply to Medicare crossover claims. The following J codes (listed in
numerical order) are affected:
J0129, J0215, J0585, J1740, J1745, and J2323
For members with a primary insurance, a prior authorization is not required in the
medical benefit if the primary insurer pays a portion of the claim. However, if the
primary insurer denies the claim, the DVHA will require a prior authorization.
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The following medications (listed in alphabetical order) may not be billed through the
medical benefit:
Soliris (eculizumab), Somatuline Depot (lanreotide), Synagis (palivizumab) and Xolair
(omalizumab). For a list of ongoing changes, please see the DVHA website at
http://dvha.vermont.gov/for-providers.
Therefore, the following J codes, C codes or other codes (listed in numerical order) will
not be accepted:
90378, C9003, C9237, J1300, J1743 and J2357.
These medications must be billed through the pharmacy benefit using NDCs. Please
note that these medications do require prior authorization for payment through the
pharmacy benefit.
Prescribers are instructed to call or fax the Catamaran Prescriber Call Center to
request prior authorization for the above mentioned medications regardless of whether
the medication will be billed through the medical or pharmacy benefit. Phone: 1-800918-7549 Fax: 1-866-767-2649. For clinical criteria and either the general or specific
prior authorization forms at http://dvha.vrmont.gov/for-providers.
10.3.16 Dual Eligibility
See Section 6.6 Medicare & Medicaid Crossover Billing
10.3.17 Emergency Indicator
Providers must indicate on the CMS 1500 form if the service provided is the result of an
emergency situation. These situations must be indicated in the “EMG” field locator (24c)
on the claim form.
10.3.18 Emergency Room Services
Emergency room services include, but are not limited to:
•
Consultations
•
ER physicians charges
•
Radiology
•
Laboratory services
•
Payment will not be made for professional services for medical follow-up services
in the emergency room.
10.3.19 EPSDT Program Well – Child Health Care
Vermont provides Early and Periodic Screening, Diagnosis and Treatment (EPSDT)
services to all Vermont Medicaid members under age 21. The goal of the program is to
prevent illness, complications and the need for long-term treatment by screening and
detecting health problems in the early stages. Services are tracked for appropriate
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follow-up and reported to CMS by collection of data from Vermont Medicaid claims. The
Vermont Department of Health (VDH) assists in EPSDT outreach and education
through its’ Partners in Health Program. Under an agreement to implement EPSDT
services, the VDH has established protocols and standards for screening services and is
available to all providers.
Required EPSDT Screening Components
A. Comprehensive health and developmental history
B. Comprehensive unclothed physical exam
C. Appropriate immunizations
D. Laboratory tests (includes blood lead level and TB screening)
E. Health education/anticipatory guidance
F. Vision screens
G. Dental screens
H. Hearing screens
Screening Service Delivery and Content
A. Screening is provided according to AAP recommended intervals, Vermont Division
of Dental Health Services standards, DOH periodicity schedules and as medically
indicated
B. Eligible individuals have free choice of qualified providers
Screens include developmental and nutritional assessment
Diagnosis and Treatment Services
A. Diagnostic procedures are reimbursable when medically indicated by a screening
examination.
B. Treatment services to correct or improve defects and physical and mental
illnesses and conditions discovered by the screening services, are reimbursable,
including:
•
Vision services
•
Dental services
•
Hearing services
•
Physical, Occupational, and Speech therapy (PT, OT and ST)
•
Supportive nursing service (Medicaid High Tech Program)
•
Case Management
C. Treatment services may require prior authorization and are limited to:
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•
Medically necessary, as defined by the Medicaid Division
•
The most economical treatment approach
•
Authorized providers
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EPSDT services are billed to Vermont Medicaid on the CMS 1500 claim form using CPT
procedure codes 99381-99385 and 99391-99395 and the appropriate modifiers.
*Valid Modifier: EP
10.3.20 ESRD Related Services
Vermont Medicaid reimburses for End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) related services
provided by the physician to members in the home, office, outpatient department,
skilled nursing facility, or nursing home.
Do not bill “daily” and “per full month” codes for the same calendar month.
Documentation (usually the physician notes) must be available in the member’s record
which shows that the service was given by the physician and the dates involved.
Providers should refer ESRD members to Medicare for possible eligibility.
10.3.21 Evaluation & Management Services (Post-Operative Care)
Evaluation and Management: (99--- codes)
The following limits apply:
•
Services included within payment for E&M service
•
Office visits limited to 5 per calendar month per attending
•
New patient visits limited to one per member/attending/3 years
•
One office visit/day for same member and same attending provider
Post-Operative Care
When reporting with a surgical procedure with a 90 day, 30 day or a 10 day global
period any E&M service billed during the global period by the same provider will be
included within the surgical procedure payment and not reimbursed
separately. Payments for surgical procedures with a 0 day global period will include
established patient E&M services.
10.3.22 Family Planning Services
Family Planning is defined as any medically approved diagnostic test, treatment,
counseling, drug, supply, or device which is prescribed or furnished by a provider to
individuals of child-bearing age for purposes of enabling such individuals to freely
determine the number and spacing of their children. Abortion is not considered Family
Planning.
It is important that physicians and other providers identify such services as family
planning in the appropriate field locator on the claim form. Reimbursement for
implantation and/or removal of contraceptive devices includes all related services
including the surgical tray, anesthetic, and physician visits within 30 days after the
procedure. Implantation is reimbursable once every five years.
10.3.23 FQHC/RHC
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Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHC) and Rural Health Clinics (RHC) have at
least two provider numbers: one for services paid at cost, and one for services paid per
fee schedule. Services paid at cost are billed as encounters.
Encounters
An Encounter at a FQHC/RHC is defined as a face-to-face visit between a member and a
provider. Face-to-face visits with more than one provider and multiple visits with the
same provider that take place on the same day and the same location constitute a single
visit, except when one of the following conditions exists
(1) After the first encounter, the member suffers illness or injury requiring
additional diagnosis or treatment
(2) The patient has a medical visit with a physician, physician assistant, nurse
practitioner, nurse midwife, or a visiting nurse, and a visit with a clinical
psychologist, clinical social worker, or other health professional for mental health
services. Vermont Medicaid follows the same list of health professionals as Medicare.
A Vermont Medicaid encounter does not include total OB care.
Centers must bill procedure code T1015 for the encounter in addition to CPT/HCPCS
codes for the services provided. The T1015 encounter code is to be billed with a zero
charge amount or a negligible charge amount (i.e., $.01 or $1.00) if software prohibits
using a zero charge amount. CPT/HCPCS codes for the services must be billed using
your usual and customary charge.
Encounter Examples
1. The member is treated for a headache in the morning at the office and returns home.
The member returns to the same office a few hours later because the headache is
worse, sees the same or a different practitioner, and returns home. The member
returns for the third time to the same office for the same problem, and is treated by
a third physician and returns home.
This must be billed and reimbursed as one encounter since the encounters were for
the same diagnosis at the same location on the same day.
2. The member is treated during a single visit for both a headache and stomach ache.
This must be billed and reimbursed as one encounter.
3. The member is treated in the morning for a headache and returns home. The
member returns the same day for treatment of a laceration.
This is billed and reimbursed as two separate encounters. When the member has left
the office and returns for an unrelated reason, then the service can be billed and
reimbursed as a second encounter.
4. The member is treated by a physician and a mental health provider on the same
day.
This is billed and reimbursed as two separate encounters, even if the diagnoses are
substantially the same, because one encounter is with a medical provider and the
other is with a mental health provider.
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5. The member sees her OB for a standard pre-natal visit and returns home. The
member returns the same day to see her OB for a separate, pre-natal concern.
Neither of these antepartum (pre-natal) visits with an OB are considered an
encounter by Vermont Medicaid. Antepartum care visits are typically billed globally
after the birth.
Hospital or Nursing Home Services
FQHC/RHC provider services delivered at hospitals may be billed as either encounters
or fee for service. The billing method used should be consistent throughout the fiscal
year.
•
Encounter billing: Use the facility number if the services are billed as
encounters. The time spent by the provider should be attributed to the same
account.
•
Fee for Service billing: Use the non-FQHC/RHC provider number and service
billed with the appropriate CPT code. These services would are subject to cost
settlement and the provider’s time spent at the hospital is not an FQHC/RHC
allowable cost.
•
FQHC/RHCs shall report the method used to the cost report auditor.
Other Insurance
If an FQHC/RHC provides one or more services on the same day to a Vermont Medicaid
member with insurance other than Medicare, the visit should first be billed to the other
insurer using the appropriate CPT code(s). The facility may bill Vermont Medicaid for
the balance between the other insurance payment and the facility’s encounter rate using
T1015 as the encounter code. (See also instructions for completing field locator 29 on the
CMS 1500 form.)
Insurance plans impose various rules for members covered by their plan including a
commercial HMO. If a Vermont Medicaid member has other insurance, the member
must follow the rules (such as network limitation) of that insurer. Vermont Medicaid
will not make a payment for which another insurer is responsible or would be
responsible if the member had followed that insurer’s rules.
If the other insurer requires a co-payment for office visits that are paid under the
capitated rate, Vermont Medicaid will reimburse the provider for this office visit co-pay
charge only. To bill the co-pay amount, use procedure code T1015. If FQHC/RHCs want
to bill for the co-pay for visits under capitation, they can claim a T1015 but must use the
non-FQHC/RHC provider number.
Other Services
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•
Laboratory services provided by a FQHC or RHC should be billed using the nonFQHC/RHC provider number. These services are paid per fee schedule. See
Specimen Collection.
•
Radiology services, except dental films, should be billed using the nonFQHC/RHC provider number.
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•
Dental services provided by FQHC should be billed using the appropriate dental
code and the FQHCs dental provider number. These services are paid on the
Vermont Medicaid fee schedule, but will be cost settled at year end.
•
When a FQHC or RHC bills for completing DVHA treatment plans or refugee
forms, or providing Healthy Babies services or planning for an IEP, the service
should be billed using the non-FQHC/RHC number.
•
Minor equipment and supplies (such as band aids and ace bandages) are
assumed to be part of the encounter and are not eligible for reimbursement on an
individual basis.
•
DME items are to be billed using the appropriate HCPCS codes and would be
reimbursed per the fee schedule. A DME Provider Number is required to bill
DME items. Your facilities NPI and taxonomy number must indicate that you
are a licensed DME provider. A copy of your NPI letter will be required at time of
enrollment.
Interim Settlements
After a FQHC or RHC files a cost report, it can request that an interim settlement be
made by sending a letter either to DVHA or the DVHA auditor requesting such. DVHA
will pay up to 90% of the balance due to the facility, based on the recommendations of
the auditor.
10.3.24 Health Maintenance Organization (HMO)
HMOs are insurance plans and are treated as such by the DVHA. Vermont Medicaid
members covered by a commercial HMO must follow the HMO rules. Vermont Medicaid
will make no payment for which an HMO is responsible or when the member has not
followed the HMO rules. Providers may notify the members that he or she is responsible
for payment when the HMO rules are not followed.
Vermont Medicaid will reimburse for HMO co-pay charges for physician office visits
when the physician is capitated by the primary HMO. To bill the HMO co-pay only, use
the procedure code T1015.
T1015 can be used only to bill Vermont Medicaid for the co-payment required by another
primary insurer when that visit was included in a capitation agreement with the
primary insurer.
Rural Health Centers and Federally Qualified Health Centers are not allowed to bill HP
for HMO co-payments. These will be included in the yearly cost settlement.
10.3.25 Hospital Based Physicians
Vermont Medicaid follows the billing procedures of the regional Medicare carrier.
Reimbursement is made in accordance with the Medicaid fee schedule for services and
must be billed on the CMS 1500 Claim Form.
The CPT codes for hospital inpatient services are used to report evaluation and
management services provided to hospital inpatients. When the member is admitted as
an outpatient, physician visits are billed with either the outpatient CPT codes or
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observation service CPT codes.
10.3.26 Hysterectomy
All hysterectomy claims require prior approval from the DVHA Clinical Operation Unit.
All hysterectomy claims on members under the age of 55 also require either:
•
A valid hysterectomy consent form, or if a valid consent form is not available
•
A valid ‘Notice of Decision” to provide retroactive eligibility, or
•
Operative notes or a statement that the member was already sterile prior to the
hysterectomy.
The hysterectomy consent form is available on the Vermont Medicaid website at
http://www.vtmedicaid.com/Downloads/forms.html.
Note: No prior authorization is required, if the procedure billed is hysterectomy with the
primary diagnosis indicating cancer of the genital system.
10.3.27 Independent Laboratory
The referring physician is the physician or practitioner who actually ordered the tests
for the member; he or she must be enrolled as a participating Vermont Medicaid
provider. Enter the NPI/taxonomy code combination of the referring physician in field
locators 17a and 17b. The billing provider name and address, to which payment will be
made, must appear in field locator 33 and the NPI number must appear in field locators
33a and 24j.
The DVHA follows the Medicare billing procedures for physician’s billing for laboratory
testing. It permits a physician to bill Vermont Medicaid for laboratory testing only when
the physician or an employee of the physician performs the test. Physicians who expect
to be reimbursed for lab services performed on site must indicate on the claim that the
test was performed on site, by completing field locator 20 on the CMS 1500 claim form,
and indicate the CLIA certification is on file with DVHA.
The professional component (modifier 26) is valid only when the test requires
interpretation by the billing physician. The result from the actual testing of a specimen
usually requires no interpretation and in some cases, is done by the lab specialist. The
billing of the lab code with modifier 26 is not valid for these services.
The Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments of 1988 (CLIA) require all providers
of lab services to meet quality standards and be certified by the U.S. Department of
Health and Human Services. CLIA applies to virtually all laboratory testing of human
specimens.
The DVHA must have documentation of CLIA Certification with each provider
enrollment period. Lapsed certificates will result in claim denials. Immediately forward
renewed/current CLIA certificates to HPES upon receipt.
Providers who perform laboratory services that have not obtained the appropriate CLIA
certification are instructed to contact the Vermont Department of Health, 108 Cherry
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Street, Burlington, VT 05401 by phone (802) 652-4145 or fax at (802) 865-7701 for
information.
In order to be reimbursed for laboratory services furnished in an office setting, providers
submitting claims for laboratory services are required to have a CLIA certificate on file
with HPES. The services being submitted must be covered by the certificate and within
the effective dates. HPES requires a copy of the most current CLIA certificate used by
each individual provider, group or facility be sent directly to HP Enterprise Services,
Provider Enrollment Unit, PO Box 888, Williston, VT 05495. Please be sure to include
your NPI and Taxonomy Code(s) when mailing your copy to HPES.
Additionally, Vermont Medicaid will utilize the QW modifier to indicate a CLIA waived
tests following CMS guidelines for billing waived tests. To determine if your lab service
requires at QW modifier please refer to the list published at:
http://www.cms.gov/CLIA/downloads/waivetbl.pdf.
Lab Handling
Payment for the service of obtaining specimens is included in the reimbursement of the
medical visit. For exceptions to this rule and the corresponding procedure codes, please
refer to Specimen Collection Fee.
10.3.28 Injections
Flu Shots
Immunization for flu and pneumonia are available at little or no cost in Vermont via a
program of the Vermont Agency of Human Services Department of Health. See the
Vermont Immunization Manual at
http://healthvermont.gov/hc/imm/VermontImmunizationManual.aspx. Members
are encouraged to use this service. Local home health agencies and Area Agencies on
Aging will administer flu vaccines in many locations around the state.
All in-state providers MUST obtain vaccines through the Vermont Department of
Health (VDH) Vaccine for Children Program, for children through age 18. Influenza and
H1N1 vaccines may be obtained through VDH; however it is not a requirement. The SL
modifier must be used with an appropriate procedure code when billing the CPT or
HCPCS code to assure correct payment. Report the charge as $0.00 to represent the free
vaccine.
Vaccines provided to adults over 18 or vaccines provided by out of state providers to
patients of any age, do not have to be obtained by the VDH Vaccine Program. The SL
modifier will not be required in either of those circumstances and payment will be based
on the current fee schedule.
All vaccine administration fees must be supported with a vaccine code, even when there
is no amount to be reimbursed.
Prescribers are instructed to call (800-918-7549) or fax (866-767-2649) the Catamaran
Prescriber Call Center to find out which drugs require prior authorization regardless of
whether the medication will be billed through the medical or pharmacy benefit. For
clinical criteria and either the general or specific prior authorization forms, visit
http://dvha.vermont.gov/for-providers/forms-1.
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Pharmacist-Administered
Flu Shots for Adults Effective September 30, 2011, DVHA-enrolled pharmacies may be
reimbursed for injectable influenza vaccinations administered by pharmacists to adults
19 years and older enrolled in Vermont’s publicly funded programs. Pharmacists must
be certified to administer vaccines in the state of Vermont and must be in compliance
with all Vermont laws governing vaccine administration. Failure to comply with all
Vermont immunization regulations will subject these claims to recoupment.
Reimbursement will be based on either a written prescription or a non-patient specific
written protocol based on a collaborative practice agreement per state law. These orders
must be kept on file at the pharmacy. The billing pharmacy and the ordering
prescriber's NPI is required on the claim for the claim to be paid.
Reimbursement and billing: Under this program, pharmacies are reimbursed for the
cost of the vaccine and an administration fee. No dispensing fee is paid for these claims.
Pharmacists should bill DVHA using either the paper CMS-1500 claim form or the 837
electronic CMS-1500 Claim Form. A claim for the vaccine must accompany a claim for
administration; therefore these vaccinations cannot be billed at POS through the
pharmacy benefit. The appropriate billing codes to be used are as follows: Influenza
vaccine codes: 90656, 90658 and administration code 90471.
For instructions on billing with a CMS 1500 claim form, see the CMS-1500 Manual at:
http://www.vtmedicaid.com/Downloads/manuals.html.
For information on reimbursement please refer to the Fee Schedule on the DVHA
website: http://dvha.vermont.gov/for-providers/claims-processing-1.
If you have additional billing questions, please contact HP provider services at 800-9251706. For other questions regarding this benefit, please contact a member of the DVHA
pharmacy unit at 802-879-5900.
10.3.29 Inpatient Services
Certain elective procedures also require prior authorization (e.g., hysterectomies, bariatric surgery,
etc.). These are usually requested by the physician but the hospital is always/also responsible for
making sure the DVHA approval is in place prior to the procedure being performed. This pertains to
all in-state and out-of-state providers.
See section 7.8 Services Requiring Authorization for a complete listing of in-state and out-of-state
hospital admissions prior authorization and notification requirements. Additional information is also
available at http://dvha.vermont.gov/for-providers.
10.3.30 Lead Screening
CMS has mandated that children ages one through five be screened for lead unless the
physician determines it to be medically inappropriate. The act of obtaining the sample
during a well-child or routine office visit is included within payment for that medical
visit. The processing laboratory will bill the proper CPT code for the actual testing.
10.3.31 Maintenance Drug Prescriptions
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When the DVHA is the primary payer; pharmacies are required to dispense designated
classes of maintenance drugs in 90-day supplies after the first fill. When the DVHA is
the primary payer, prescriptions written for maintenance drugs must be rewritten for
90 days for the drug to be covered. The maximum quantity limit of 102 days still
applies. This rule does not apply to members who have other primary insurance,
including Part D.
Maintenance drugs must be prescribed and dispensed for not less than 30 days and not
more than 90 days, to which one dispensing fee will be applied. Excluded from this
requirement are medications which the member takes or uses on an “as needed” basis or
generally used to treat acute conditions. If there are extenuating circumstances in an
individual case that, in the judgment of the prescriber, dictate a shorter prescribing
period for these drugs, the supply may be for less than 30 days as long as the prescriber
prepares in sufficient written detail a justification for the shorter period. The
extenuating circumstance must be related to the health and/or safety of the member
and not for convenience reasons. It is the responsibility of the pharmacy to maintain in
the member’s record the prescriber’s justification of extenuating circumstances. In these
circumstances, regardless of whether or not extenuating circumstances permit more
frequent dispensing, only one dispensing fee may be billed.
For a complete listing of pharmacy related information and the Pharmacy Provider
Manual, go to http://dvha.vermont.gov/for-providers. See DVHA’s Clinical Criteria
document for drugs with other quantity limits at http://dvha.vermont.gov/forproviders/preferred-drug-list-clinical-criteria.
10.3.32 Mastectomy
Mastectomy procedures will be restricted to a diagnoses involving benign and malignant
neoplasm of the breast. When the primary diagnosis is any other, documentation is
required to be submitted with the claim to substantiate medical necessity."
Prior Authorization is not required for reconstructive breast surgery if the primary
diagnosis indicates malignant neoplasm of the breast/breast cancer.
10.3.33 Medical Nutrition Therapy
This service is paid through the enrolled primary care physician, inpatient hospital,
outpatient hospital, registered dietitians (RD) and school health services. Registered
Dietitian billing is restricted to three codes specific to RD services. These services are
not reimbursable when billed by a physician
10.3.34 Midwife Services
Vermont Medicaid reimburses for the services of Certified Nurse-Midwives (CNMs) and
Licensed-Midwives.
Certified Nurse-Midwife/Licensed (non-nurse) Midwife: CNMs/LMs may be enrolled as
independent practitioners or physicians may employ them. The appropriate CPT codes
for Licensed Midwives are limited to:
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59400, 59409, 59410, 59610, 59612, 59614, 59425, 59426, 59430, 99354, 99355, 99461,
and 99381—(99381 requires EPSDT modifiers).
Important Billing Reminder for Licensed Midwives:
•
Delivery codes are valid only for pregnancies with an estimated gestational age of
30 or more weeks (viability)
•
See OBSTETRICAL CARE for antepartum care visit billing instructions
•
Total OB and Partial OB codes cannot be billed for the same pregnancy
•
Only one delivery code can be billed for a member in a 9-month date span
•
Licensed Midwives will not be reimbursed for surgery of assistant-at-surgery
charges
•
Episiotomy included in delivery reimbursement
•
The date of service for total OB care is the day delivery even though it includes
antepartum care received prior to this date
When the MD, nurse midwife or nurse practitioner monitors the labor in the member’s
home (for a planned home birth) but then has to admit the mother to the hospital for
delivery, and the delivering MD is not a member of the same provider group, the initial
provider can bill code(s) 99354 and/or 99355.
The DVHA will pay codes 99354 and 99355 only when a planned home delivery results
in hospital admission and the delivery is done by a different MD/MD group. (These
services are included in regular OB billing when the providers are of the same billing
group).
The billed units must reflect the actual time spent in face to face contact with the
member in the home and/or on the way to the hospital. Each claim will be suspended for
review, so clear copies of the provider’s actual records must be submitted with each bill
and they must document the number of units being billed.
Examples
1. The midwife and MD were present in the member’s home to monitor the labor. Due
to a lack of progression and meconium staining in the amniotic fluid, the member
was transported to the hospital and her care transferred to the hospital physician,
who delivered the baby. The initial MD was with the member “for the entire labor,
monitoring the baby, the mother and the progress of the labor.”
The documented time shows 5 hours. For these services (which include the midwife’s
attendance), the DVHA can be billed one unit of procedure code 99354 and 8 units of
99355.
2. The nurse midwife monitored the labor in the home for 15 hours, transported the
member by car (1/2 hour) and stayed 4 more hours at the hospital after the transfer.
Upon admission to the hospital, the care was assigned to the hospital physician who
delivered the baby by C-section. The midwife had started an IV of ringers lactate
while still at the home. The nurse midwife’s services may be billed with one unit of
99354 and 29 units of 99355. All care given during the face to face contact, including
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the IV insertion and supplies, is included within the reimbursement of these two
procedure codes. There can be no charge for the initial MD/nurse’s services as of the
admission to the hospital since all care at this point becomes part of the delivery
payment.
Summary
The DVHA will pay codes 99354 and 99355 only when a planned home delivery results
in hospital admission and the delivery is done by a different MD/MD group. (These
services are included in regular OB billing when the providers are of the same billing
group.) The billed units must reflect the actual time spent in face-to-face contact with
the member in the home and/or on the way to the hospital. Each claim will be
suspended for review, so clear copies of the provider’s actual records must be submitted
with each bill and they must document the number of units being billed. The place of
service (POS) must be a 12 (home).
Licensed midwives may receive reimbursement for Rhogam injections using code J2790
with the appropriate NDC code and a maximum of one unit. See NDC (National Drug
Code).
Use the appropriate office visit code with diagnosis 626.0 when a member is seen at the
office for a pregnancy test. If you bill a pregnancy diagnosis for the purpose of testing for
a pregnancy that has not yet been established, your claim will cause subsequent
prenatal claims to be denied as it is considered to be one prenatal visit if a pregnancy
diagnosis is recorded on the claim.
10.3.35 Multiple Surgery Pricing
Vermont Medicaid will price multiple surgery payments in order of Relative Value Unit
and will price all surgical procedures in decreasing percentages of 100%, 50%, 40%,
30%, 30%...This includes surgical procedures billed with multiple units. Any codes that
are add-on codes, or Modifier 51 exempt, as defined by the CPT, will be priced at 100%
of the allowed amount.
10.3.36 Naturopathic Physicians
Medically necessary health care services within the Vermont Medicaid benefit package
provided by a Naturopathic Physician (N.D.) are a covered service. N.D.s must be
licensed in Vermont and provide treatment within the scope of their practice as
described in Chapter 81 of Title 26 of the Vermont Statutes. N.D.s having local
admitting hospital privileges or a formal agreement with a physician who has local
hospital admitting privileges and arranges 24 hour-a-day/seven days-a-week coverage
for their members may enroll as primary care providers (PCPs) with Vermont Medicaid.
Naturopathic physicians wishing to participate in the PCP in the Primary Care Plus
Program, must provide additional information. Please complete the Agreement for
Participation for Naturopathic Physicians form (inpatient hospital admission
information is required).
Please access forms at http://www.vtmedicaid.com/Downloads/forms.html and mail the
completed Provider Enrollment Agreement and the Agreement for Participation for
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Naturopathic Physicians, along with any additional documentation, to: HP Enterprise
Services, P.O. Box 888, Williston, VT 05495-0888 Attn: Enrollment/Recertification.
10.3.37 NDC (National Drug Code)
Vermont Medicaid requires the collection and submission of rebates for all drugs
dispensed or administered by providers other than a pharmacy. This allows for the
collection of Medicaid drug rebates from manufacturers on all drugs dispensed in any
office setting. The NDC billed to Vermont Medicaid must be the NDC that was
dispensed to the member.
Drugs supplied by manufacturers currently participating in the rebate program will be
the only drugs reimbursed by Vermont Medicaid. A list of these manufacturers, by code
and name, can be found at http://www.vtmedicaid.com/Information/whatsnew.html.
In order to collect rebates from the correct manufacturers, Vermont Medicaid will
require data elements at the detail level in addition to the HCPCS codes. These
elements are the 11 digit National Drug Code (NDC) number, the Unit of Measurement
Qualifier code, and the unit quantity. These must be reported on paper and electronic
submissions of all professional claims.
NDC Requirements on CMS 1500 Form
When entering an NDC on your claim form, please enter the following data elements in
the following order: NDC, measurement qualifier code and unit quantity. Do not insert
brackets, spaces or dashes. Claims formatted incorrectly will be denied.
FL 24D: HCPCS code
FL 24D Shaded area: 11 digit NDC number, Unit of Measurement Qualifier,
and Unit Quantity
FL 24G: HCPCS unit
24D CPT/HCPCS
Modifier
E
F
DX
Pointer
Charges
G
Days
or Units
[60126598741][UN][1111.234]
J1234
XX
↑
11 Digit NDC
↑
Unit of
1,2,3
$637.00
5
↑
Unit Quantity
Measurement
Qualifier *
* Unit of Measurement Qualifier
F2-International Unit
GR-gram
ML-Milliliter
UN-Unit
Some NDCs are displayed on drug packaging in a 10-digit format. Proper billing of an
NDC requires an 11-digit number in a 5-4-2 format. Converting NDCs from a 10 to 11-
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digit format requires a strategically placed zero, dependent upon the 10-digit format.
The following table shows common 10-digit NDC formats on packaging and the
associated conversion to an 11-digit format with the proper placement of a zero:
10-Digit
Format on
Package
10-Digit
Format
Example
11-Digit
Format
11-Digit Format
Example
Actual 10-Digit
NDC Example
11-Digit
Conversion
Example
4-4-2
9999-9999-99
5-4-2
09999-9999-99
00002-7597-01
5-3-2
99999-999-99
5-4-2
99999-0999-99
5-4-1
99999-9999-9
5-4-2
99999-9999-09
0002-7597-01
Zyprexa IM 10mg
vial
50242-040-62
Xolair
60574-4112-1
Synagis
50mg vial
50242-0040-62
60574-4112-01
10.3.38 Non-Emergency Medical Transportation (NEMT)
Non-Emergency Medical Transportation (NEMT) is a covered service for members
enrolled in traditional, Primary Care Plus (PC Plus) Medicaid and the Dr. Dynasaur
programs. NEMT is a statewide service, providing transports for eligible members to
and from medically necessary medical services that are Medicaid billable. It is provided
through personal services contracts between the State of Vermont, Agency of Human
Services (AHS), Department of Vermont Health Access (DVHA) and local public transit
brokers.
All providers are required to confirm a member's appointment when verification is
requested from a Medicaid transportation provider. CMS requires transportation
providers to verify that transportation is to and from eligible medical appointments. At
this time, the DVHA requires transportation providers to verify 5% of all ride requests
made by members.
For further NEMT information and requirements go to http://dvha.vermont.gov/forproviders.
10.3.39 Obstetrical Care
Vermont Medicaid covers obstetrical (OB) care. Total OB care includes prenatal care,
delivery, episiotomy, and postpartum care including complications. A CPT total OB
procedure code is used when all OB-related care is provided by the same
physician/practitioner or practitioners in the same group practice.
When different physician groups provide OB care for the same pregnancy, total OB
codes cannot be used. Please follow the Instructions below for all pregnancies that span
dates from in 2010 into 2011.
Instructions
•
Antepartum Care, billing 1-3 visits; use appropriate E/M codes for each visit.
•
Antepartum Care, billing 4-6 visits; use CPT code 59425 with the range of dates
billed as 1 unit.
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•
Antepartum Care, billing 7 or more visits; use CPT code 59426 with the range of
dates billed as 1 unit.
Example A
Member goes to Dr. A for 3 visits; Dr. A would bill the appropriate E/M code for each
visit with each applicable date of service.
Member switches to Dr. B for the remainder of her pregnancy. Dr. B sees the member
for 6 visits; Dr. B bills out ONLY code 59425 with range of days and 1 unit. If Dr. B
delivers, he would also bill the appropriate delivery code.
Example B
Member goes to Dr. A for 5 visits; Dr. A bills 59425. Member then goes to Dr. B for one
visit; Dr. B will ONLY bill the E/M code for the visit he provided. Member goes to Dr. C
for 8 visits; Dr. C would bill 59426 with range of days and 1 unit. Dr. C delivers and
would bill the appropriate delivery code.
A Member may see more than one attending provider when billing multiple antepartum
visits (CPT 59425 or CPT 59426) within the same billing group/practice. It is up to the
practice to determine which attending provider number to use when submitting the
claim.
OB deliveries pertain only to infants who have an Estimated Gestational Age (EGA) of
30 or more weeks (viability). When the fetus is less than 7 months EGA and a noninduced fetal demise occurs, see procedure codes for surgical intervention and/or
medical visit codes for medical assistance. Do not use “delivery” codes. The combination
of all partial OB charges for a given pregnancy cannot exceed the reimbursement rate
for total OB care.
The Fetal Non-Stress Test
1 unit will cover the non-stress test for both twin A and twin B when billed with
modifier 22. Notes are not required when a twin diagnosis is indicated on the claim.
Twin Deliveries
The DVHA will reimburse for the delivery of twins at 100% and 50% of the prices on
file. The provider should bill both deliveries on the same claim and use diagnosis code
V272 for both. One code has to be a “delivery only” code.
Assist at Cesarean Delivery
A surgical assistant at a cesarean delivery cannot bill the “Total OB” procedure code
because the assistant did not give the prenatal care. To bill for service as the assistant,
use the “delivery only” procedure code with one of the following modifiers:
80-Assistant surgeon (MD or nurse practitioner)
AS-Physician’s assistant assisting at surgery (Only one assistant is covered per
surgery).
External cephalic version (ECV) is only eligible for reimbursement for pregnancies at or
beyond 36 weeks gestational age. Notes are required to confirm the service was
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performed. Only one ECV (successful or not) is reimbursable per pregnancy.
10.3.40 Oral Surgery
If oral surgery is billed with a CPT code, follow the physician’s rules for billing and bill
on a CMS 1500 claim form. If oral surgery is billed using ADA codes, follow the dentist’s
rules for billing, and bill on an approved dental claim form.
10.3.41 Over-The-Counter (OTC) Medications
Coverage of Over the Counter (OTC) medications is primarily limited to generics only in
categories determined to be medically necessary. All other OTC products will be
excluded from coverage without the option for a prior authorization request through the
Clinical Call Center. The coverage guidelines apply to Medicaid, Dr. Dynasaur and
VPharm. DVHA pays for OTCs only when there is a specific medical necessity, and
requires a prescription for the OTC product. Some OTC medications are already
managed on our Preferred Drug list (PDL) and other restrictions may apply. Though the
DVHA has restricted OTC medications to primarily generics, members will continue to
have at least one choice in all medically necessary drug categories. Please refer to the
DVHA website for a list of covered OTC medication categories at
http://dvha.vermont.gov/for-providers The PDL can be found at
http://dvha.vermont.gov/for-providers/preferred-drug-list-clinical-criteria.
10.3.42 Oximetry Services
When billing any medical visit, the following procedures are considered included within
the reimbursement for the visit:
•
Ear or pulse oximetry saturation-single determination
•
Non-invasive ear or pulse oximetry for oxygen saturation; by multiple
determinations
•
Non-invasive ear or pulse oximetry for oxygen saturation; by continuous
overnight monitoring
These services will be denied with EOB 091—Service denied; not reimbursed by
Vermont Health Access Program.
10.3.43 Pharmacologic Management (Psychiatric)
Pharmacologic management is payable only for mental health and developmentally
disabled members when providers must bill using appropriate procedure code with one
unit of service per visit, regardless of time spent.
10.3.44 Physician Visit Limits
Pursuant to Medicaid Rule 7301.1.1, the following physician visit limits apply:
1. Payment for office or home visits is limited to five visits per member, per month.
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2. Nursing facility visits are limited to one per provider per member per
week.
3. Hospital visits are limited to one per day for the same or similar diagnosis for
acute care, or after denial of acute care by utilization review, up to one visit per
month for subacute care.
Visits in excess of those listed above may be reimbursed if the services are medically
necessary. A medical exception request documenting the medical necessity must be sent
to the DVHA. Forms for prior authorization are located at http://dvha.vermont.gov/forproviders/forms-1
Non-emergency (elective) out-of-state medical visits will require prior authorization
from DVHA (In network OOS hospitals are excluded from this requirement). In network
referring providers are to submit requests using the OOS Medical Office Request Form
located at http://dvha.vermont.gov/for-providers/clinical-coverage-guidelines.
Mileage allowances for house calls apply only to the first member. If more than one
member is seen during the visit, no mileage will apply to those members.
10.3.45 Post-Operative Follow-up Visits
For all CPT surgical procedure codes, Medicare has assigned a follow-up/global period of
either “000”, “010” or “090” days. This means that office visits that are related to the
procedure are included within the payment for the procedure and may not be billed
during the restricted follow-up period.
10.3.46 Psychiatry/Psychology
•
•
•
•
If no E/M services are provided, use the appropriate psychotherapy code (90832,
90834, 90837)
Psychotherapy with E/M is now reported by selecting the appropriate E/M
service code and the appropriate psychotherapy add-on code.
The E/M code is selected on the basis of the site of service and the key elements
performed.
The psychotherapy add-on code is selected on the basis of the time spent
providing psychotherapy and does not include any of the time spent providing
E/M services
Prescribing health care professionals, conducting pharmacologic management, will now
use the appropriate E/M code. When psychotherapy is done during the same session as
the pharmacologic management, one of the new psychotherapy codes should be used
along with the E/M code. The psychiatrist or other qualified health care professional
will specify the level of E/M work done and add the psychotherapy component based on
the time spent delivering psychotherapy.
•
8/1/2014
Vermont licensure for CPs (Clinical Psychologists) is limited to the provider’s
scope of practice which does not include prescription and medication
management
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•
Providers that are approved to bill E/M series codes are to report this service
using the appropriate E/M series code
Enrolled provider types for Psychiatry and Psychology are
•
Licensed Clinical Social Worker (LCSW)
•
Licensed Mental Health Counselor (LMHC)
•
Licensed Marriage & Family Therapist (LMFT)
•
Nurse Practitioner - Psychiatric
•
Physician – Psychiatric
•
Psychologist - Doctorate Level
•
Psychologist - Masters Level
Modifiers
•
AJ = applicable to MA counselors, LCMHC, LSW, LMFT
•
AH = applicable to Doctorate level Psychologist.
Vermont Medicaid is continuing to require the use of modifier AJ and AH. As of 1-12013, modifier AJ is reimbursed at 76% of allowed amount and modifier AH at 90% of
allowed amount.
Psychiatric Diagnostic Evaluation
•
•
•
•
•
•
A distinction has been made between diagnostic evaluations without medical
services and evaluations with medical services
Interactive services are captured using an add-on code
These codes can be used in any setting
These codes can be used more than once in those instances where the patient
and other informants are included in the evaluation
These codes can be used for reassessments
Psychiatrists and other medical providers have the option of using the
appropriate E&M code in lieu of the 90792
Code Descriptions specifying “With medical services” refers to medical “thinking” as
well as medical activities, such as: physical examination, prescription of medication, and
review & ordering of medical diagnostic tests. Medical thinking must be documented,
e.g. consideration of a differential diagnosis, medication change, change in dose of
medication, drug-drug interactions, etc.
Psychotherapy
The new series of psychotherapy codes (90832 – 90838) was established to replace
individual psychotherapy codes (90804 – 90829). Site of service is no longer a criterion
for code selection and time specifications were changed to be consistent with CPT
convention.
•
8/1/2014
Psychotherapy codes are no longer site specific
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•
Psychotherapy time includes face-to-face time spent with the patient and/or
family member
•
Time is chosen according to the CPT time rule
•
Interactive psychotherapy is reported using the appropriate psychotherapy code
along with the interactive complexity add-on code
Crisis Psychotherapy
Crisis is defined as:
“an urgent assessment and history of a crisis state, a mental status exam, and a
disposition. The treatment includes psychotherapy, mobilization of resources to
defuse the crisis and restore safety, and implementation of psychotherapeutic
interventions to minimize the potential for psychological trauma. The presenting
problem is typically life threatening or complex and requires immediate attention to
a patient in high distress.”
A new subsection, Psychotherapy for Crisis, with guidelines was established to report
these services. These are timed codes and additional instruction on the appropriate use
of the new codes is included in the 2013 AMA CPT4 codebook.
•
90839, Psychotherapy for crisis, first 60 minutes
(CPT Rule applies: 30-74 minutes)
•
+90840 (add-on), Psychotherapy for crisis each additional 30 minutes
Important Billing Concepts to Consider
CPT Time Rule
“A unit of time is attained when the mid-point is passed”
“When codes are ranked in sequential typical times and the actual time is between two
typical times, the code with the typical time closest to the actual time is used.”
Example:
90832, 90833 is 16-37 minutes
90834, 90836 is 38-52 minutes |
90837, 90838 is 53 minutes and more
Interactive Complexity
A new subsection has been added to the Psychiatry section for reporting interactive
complexity. Interactive complexity is specific and recognized communication difficulties
for various types of patients and situations that represent significant complicating
factors that may increase the intensity of the primary psychiatric procedure.
Add-on Code 90785 is used to report interactive complexity services when provided in
conjunction with psychotherapy codes. See the 2013 AMA CPT4 codebook for further
explanation of when and how this code should be used. The guidelines include a list of
requirements or factors to consider when determining appropriate use of the interactive
complexity code.
•
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“Interactive” in previous codes was limited in use to times when physical aids,
translators, interpreters, and play therapy was used
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•
•
“Interactive Complexity” extends the use to include other factors that
complicate the delivery of a service to a patient and may be reported when at
least one of the following is present:
•
Arguing or emotional family members in a session that interfere with
providing the service
•
Third party involvement with the patient, including parents,
guardians, courts, and schools
•
Need for mandatory reporting of a sentinel event
•
Impaired patients
•
Young and verbally undeveloped
When performed with psychotherapy, the interactive complexity component
(+90785) relates only to the increased work intensity of the psychotherapy
service, but does not change the time for the psychotherapy service
Documentation Standards for Mental Health and Substance Abuse Health Records
At a minimum, the documentation in a mental health/substance abuse health record
will include the following core components:
1. Identifying data
•
Name/unique ID, date of birth, and other demographic information as needed,
2. Dates of service
•
Documentation by the primary treatment provider of all dates and the amount
of time clinical services were provided
3. Comprehensive clinical assessment (e.g., biopsychosocial, medical history, etc.)
•
•
Evidence that a comprehensive clinical assessment has been completed, with
documentation of a presenting problem and patient placement to support
clinical level of care, such as:
a.
Outpatient
b.
Intensive outpatient
c.
Partial hospitalization
d.
Residential
e.
Inpatient,
Evidence of ongoing reassessment as needed
4. Treatment and continued care planning
•
8/1/2014
Documentation of treatment plan, including the following:
a.
Prioritization of problems and needs,
b.
Evidence that goals and objectives are related to the assessment,
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c.
Evidence that goals and objectives are individualized, specific, and
measurable, with realistic timeframes for achievement,
d.
Specific follow-up planning, including but not limited to anticipated
response to treatment, additional or alternative treatment
interventions, and coordination with other treatment providers
(e.g., PCP)
5. Progress Notes
•
Documentation supporting continued need for services based on clinical
necessity, including the following:
a.
Dated progress notes that link to initial treatment plan,
b.
Updates or modifications to treatment plan,
c.
Interventions provided and client’s response,
d.
Printed staff name and signature or electronic equivalent.
For additional information concerning DVHA’s Mental Health and Substance Abuse
Health Record Documentation Standards and resources see http://dvha.vermont.gov/forproviders.
Community Mental Health Center Services
Covered services include rehabilitation services provided by qualified professional staff
in a community mental health center designated by the Department of Mental Health.
These services may be provided by qualified mental health providers as identified by the
Vermont Department of Mental Health (DMH). For further information, see the DMH
manual at http://mentalhealth.vermont.gov/publications.
10.3.47 Radiology
Radiologic Components
The professional component of radiologic services must be billed by the physician when
those services are done in a hospital radiology department. The professional component
includes any examination of and discussion with the member, supervision of
technologist, interpretation of the results of diagnostic or therapeutic procedures and
consultation with the attending physician. Only a radiologist will be paid for the
radiology professional component. The appropriate CPT procedure code should be used
with the modifier “26” when billing for the professional component.
Technical component includes the services of non-radiologist or non-physician
personnel, materials, facilities, equipment and space used for diagnostic or therapeutic
services. The appropriate CPT procedure code should be used with the modifier “TC”
when billing for the technical component.
Total component consists of the professional component and the technical component.
The total component is reimbursable only for diagnostic or therapeutic radiology
procedures done in the physician’s office. The appropriate CPT procedure code without
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the modifier should be used when a claim for total component services is submitted to
Vermont Medicaid.
The use of modifier 50 (bilateral) on CPT radiology codes (7**** series) is not valid
because modifier 50 causes payment to be only 1.5 times the price on file. When the
same radiology procedure code is done more than once on the same date of service and
is not done for reasons of comparison, the provider should bill the appropriate
radiology code once only with multiple units. Documentation must be maintained in
the member records substantiating the purpose and number of multiple x-rays.
Radiology services performed for comparison are not reimbursable.
High-tech outpatient elective diagnostic imaging scans require prior authorization from
MedSolutions. Diagnostic Imaging Program Guidelines and other provider resources are
available at http://www.vtmedicaid.com/Downloads/manuals.html.
The DVHA implemented a multiple procedure payment structure for CT, CTA, MRI
and MRA imaging procedures. This structure will apply whenever multiple outpatient
imaging services using the same or similar modality (MRI and MRA, CT and CTA) are
performed on the same day, by the same provider, on contiguous body areas.
In these cases, the procedure with the highest intensity will be paid at 100% of the fee
schedule rate and subsequent procedures will be reimbursed at a lower rate. If two
procedures are performed, the second procedure will be reimbursed at 50% of the fee
schedule rate. The third and all subsequent procedures will be paid at 25% of the fee
schedule rate. This rate structure applies only to the imaging procedure component of
the claim. The professional (physician) component is not affected by this change.
Providers who choose to bill worker's compensation or accident insurance first, instead
of Vermont Medicaid, will not be eligible for reimbursement if prior authorization is not
obtained prior to the service being rendered.
10.3.48 Smoking Cessation Counseling
Face-to-face smoking cessation counseling is covered for eligible Vermont Medicaid
members of any age who use tobacco. The maximum number of visits allowed per
calendar year is 16. This coverage applies when furnished by (or under the direction of)
a physician or by any other health care professional who is legally authorized to furnish
such services under state law and licensure. “Qualified” Tobacco Cessation Counselors
are also allowed, (requires at least eight hours of training in tobacco cessation services
from an accredited institute of higher education).
Providers must code each claim with the correct diagnosis for tobacco use.
Pharmacological Coverage
See the most recent Clinical Criteria document at http://dvha.vermont.gov/forproviders/preferred-drug-list-clinical-criteria for Smoking Cessation Therapy
information, preferred drug list and PA requirements.
10.3.49 Specimen Collection Fee
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Payment for obtaining specimens is included in the reimbursement of the office visit.
Physicians may bill Vermont Medicaid for a specimen collection fee in two situations
only; for the collection of blood via venipuncture or for collection of a urine sample by
catheterization. Federal Qualified Health Clinics and Rural Health Clinics have
different guidelines for this process:
•
Venipuncture (or blood draw fee) and the specimen handling fee are included as
part of FQHC services. They are not considered part of the diagnostic laboratory
services.
•
Blood draws/venipuncture and specimen handling provided by nurses or
technicians for services, such as lab tests and blood draws, do not bill an
encounter. These charges are included within the encounter payment when the
service was originally ordered. Clinical Diagnostic Laboratory tests performed on
site should be billed separately as a fee for service.
10.3.50 Sterilizations
Sterilizations of either a male or female member are covered only when the following
conditions are met:
1. The member has voluntarily given informed consent and has so certified by
signing the Sterilization Consent Form located at
http://www. vtmedicaid.com/Downloads/forms.html
2. The member is mentally competent
3. The member is at least 21 years of age at the time consent is obtained
4. At least 31 days but not more than 180 days have passed between the date of
informed consent and the date of sterilization except in the case of premature
delivery or emergency abdominal surgery. In those cases, at least 72 hours must
have passed between the informed consent and the operation.
Operations or procedures performed for the purpose of reversing or attempting to
reverse the effects of any sterilization procedure are not covered. Federal law does not
permit payment for sterilization of any members under the age of 21.
10.3.51 Team Care Program
The Team Care Program restricts a member to one physician and one pharmacy. If a
member is "locked-in" to a provider, that provider’s name is available on the Voice
Response System and the Vermont Medicaid website. Claims for services by any
provider other than the "lock-in" provider(s) are not reimbursable by Vermont Medicaid,
except in the case of an emergency or when a provider performs a service by referral of
the named provider.
The “lock-in” procedure also applies to a Primary Care (PC) Plus member. The “lock-in”
reflects the member’s choice of primary care physician. This information is also
available through the VRS and the Vermont Medicaid web site.
10.3.52 Telemedicine
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Telemedicine is defined in Act 107 as “…the delivery of health care services…through
the use of live interactive audio and video over a secure connection that complies with
the requirements the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996,
Public Law 104-191. Telemedicine does not include the use of audio-only telephone,
e-mail, or facsimile.” Act 107 is available at
http://www.leg.state.vt.us/DOCS/2012/ACTS/ACT107.PDF.
1) Distance site providers are required to follow correct coding in the application of
the GT modifier - CMS and/or Encoder Pro telemedicine codes excluding noncovered services,
2) Originating site providers (patient site) are required to document the reason the
service is being provided by telemedicine rather than in person and may be
reimbursed a facility fee (Q3014).
DVHA will not reimburse for teleophthalmology or teledermatology by store and
forward means.
Originating site provider locations are limited to:
•
Physician or practitioner's office
•
Hospital
•
Critical access hospital
•
Rural health clinic
•
Federally qualified health center
•
Community mental health center
•
Skilled nursing facility
•
Hospital-based or CAH-based renal dialysis center
10.3.53
Topical Fluoride Varnish
Physicians, naturopaths, nurse practitioners and physicians assistants with one of the
following specialty types: general practice, family practice, internal medicine, pediatric
medicine, nurse practitioner, family practitioner, naturopathic physician with childbirth
endorsement & without childbirth endorsement and pediatric practitioner are allowed
to administer and bill for Topical Fluoride Varnish treatments for children ages 0-5.
10.3.54 Vision Care & Eyeglasses
Eye Exams
Reimbursement for eye exams is limited to one comprehensive visual analysis and one
interim eye exam within a two-year period. The quantity limitations for reimbursement
of eyeglasses and associated fitting fees are below. In line with current DVHA policy
related to dates of service, providers may bill eyeglass fitting fees on the day they order
the glasses.
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Eyeglasses
Eyeglass benefits (frames, lenses, dispensing and repairs) are reimbursed only for
Medicaid members under age 21.
When sending a Medicaid member's eyewear prescription to Classic Optical (the
DVHA's sole-source eyewear provider), please provide the NPI of the
ordering/prescribing practitioner. A business, group or company NPI Number will not be
accepted. Classic Optical cannot fill the order without the NPI of the person giving
the order.
Coverage for eyeglasses is limited to one pair of glasses every two years per member, see
exception noted below. Earlier replacement for any reason restarts the benefit period.
Reimbursement for earlier replacement is limited to the following:
•
Eyeglasses have been lost or broken beyond repair, or scratched to the extent
that visual acuity is compromised
•
Change of at least one-half diopter in lens strength.
Exception: Members under the age of six are allowed one pair of eyeglasses every year
without obtaining prior authorization. Clinical best-practice validates annual
replacement for children under age 6 years due to physical growth.
•
Eyeglasses are provided only under the terms of a contract between the state and
the sole source vendor, Classic Optical Laboratories, Inc. All frames and lenses
must be ordered from:
Classic Optical Laboratories, Inc.
P.O. Box 1341
Youngstown, Ohio 44501
Phone: 888-522-2020
www.classicoptical.com
Business Hours:
8:00 am-5:30 pm EST, Monday through Friday
•
Providers submitting requests for lost or broken eyeglasses (lenses & frames) are
required to include that information on the order form or add the KX modifier to
indicate lost or broken.
•
Eyeglass cases can be billed only by Classic Optical as part of the sole-source
contract.
Procedure Codes - Fitting vs. Repair and Refitting
•
8/1/2014
Fitting of Spectacles CPT code descriptions should be viewed when fitting a new
pair of eyeglasses to the member and if glasses are replaced if lost or broken
beyond repair to select the most appropriate billing code. The claim must
indicate the circumstance in form locator 19 on the CMS1500 or electronically in
the Notes section regarding replacements. One fitting fee code applies, whether
one or both eyes are involved.
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•
Repair and Refitting Spectacles codes are used for the in-office repair of
eyeglasses. Codes for Repair and Refitting Spectacles are not applicable when
ordering frames, lenses or eyeglasses or for replacement.
Eligibility
Eligibility verification is the responsibility of the provider and must be verified before
an order is sent to Classic Optical. Providers may check eligibility through web access at
http://www.vtmedicaid.com or call the Voice Response System (VRS) at (800) 925-1706
(in-state only) or (802) 878-7871.
Prior Authorization (PA)
Medical necessity for special frames or lenses outside of Vermont Medicaid’s sole-source
contract requires that the prescribing optometrist or ophthalmologist seek prior
authorization from DVHA. This applies for new lenses when Classic Optical determines
that the member's current lenses cannot be incorporated safely and reasonably into the
special frames.
The following circumstances require prior authorization:
•
Frame has been outgrown and needs to be replaced within the benefit period
•
Replacement for a change in Rx (must be at least +/- 0.50 D in at least one eye)
within the benefit period
•
Replacement of frames or lenses other than those that are broken or lost within
benefit period
•
Scratched lenses to the extent that visual acuity is compromised.
The following benefits require prior authorization
•
V2025 (deluxe frames)
•
V2744 (photochromic lens)
•
V2745 (any other tint added to the lens)
•
V2762 (polarized lens)
•
V2199, 2299, 2399, 2799 (miscellaneous vision service)
The Prior Authorization Form is available from
•
Classicoptical.com or phone 1-888-522-2020
•
http://dvha.vermont.gov/for-providers/forms-1
The requesting/dispensing provider's NPI and taxonomy combination must be listed on
the Prior Authorization Form and must match the NPI # and corresponding provider
name on the CMS-1500 claim form. Per federal regulation, do not use the Medicaid ID
number.
Prior Authorization change requests must come from the original requesting
provider. Any requests to change or update an original or an existing prior
authorization must be in the form of a detailed letter referencing the PA number,
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stating the change(s) requested, and explaining why the change is needed. A copy of the
existing PA is not necessary.
Contact Lenses
•
Prior authorization is required.
•
Reimbursement may be available from the DVHA for contact lenses for the
optimum management of ocular conditions such as aphakia, keratoconus, or
corneal transplant.
•
A single lens, not a pair, is considered one unit. When a physician supplies two
contact lenses to a member, one for each eye, the procedure code must be billed
twice; once with modifier LT and once with modifier RT.
Cataract Removal
Cataract procedures are reimbursable and prior authorization is not required.
Non-Reimbursable Items:
•
Oversized frames and lenses
•
Tints-Unless for ultra violet cataract lens
Additional clinical information is located at
http://dvha.vermont.gov/for-providers/clinical-coverage-guidelines(Vision Care).
See EVALUATION & MANAGEMENT SERVICES for information on billing non-routine vision
office visits.
Section 11 Durable Medical Equipment, Prosthetics, Orthotics &
Medical Supplies
Introduction
This section of this Manual is unique to Durable Medical Equipment (DME), Prosthetics,
Orthotics and Medical Supplies. It contains information concerning billing, payment and
specific instructions for completion of the CMS 1500 Claim Form.
*Please note: when a service or an item is limited to, for example, one per year, a year is
defined as 365 days, unless otherwise specified.
The Vermont Medicaid website, http://www.vtmedicaid.com, will have information
regarding DME codes, the modifiers allowed, unit limitations (i.e. one unit per 365 days)
and pertinent prior authorization requirements. This information will be located under
http://www.vtmedicaid.com/Downloads/manuals.html.
DME guidelines are available on the DVHA website at: http://dvha.vermont.gov/forproviders/clinical-coverage-guidelines. It is imperative that you review the diagnosis
restrictions in these guidelines.
Rental/Loaned
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The DVHA will rent equipment when it is expected to be cost-effective, medically
necessary and short-term. The Department of Vermont Health Access has transitioned
most, but not all rental reimbursements to rental (RR) logic. This logic calculates the
rental modifier (RR) to allow 10% of the purchase price (rate on file) for the procedure
code. Most (but not all) rental periods are 30 days. Providers are required to pro rate
rentals when the rental period is less than 30 days.
Certain DME requires prior authorization to begin monthly rental. Rental equipment
that does not initially require prior authorization will require prior authorization when
the rental time is to exceed three months.
If an item’s code does not specify Rental, use modifier RR. The rental will be priced at a
monthly amount and is to be billed at a monthly amount unless stated otherwise.
The DVHA provides forms and tools to facilitate the prior authorization process. These forms
and tools are available for the following DME items: wheelchairs, speech generating devices,
TENS units, and custom orthotics, and can found at: http://dvha.vermont.gov/forproviders/clinical-coverage-guidelines. Use of these designated forms/tools is recommended to
ensure that all required information is available for review by the DVHA Clinical Unit.
Medical supplies which are necessary to the functioning of the equipment (e.g., leads and
electrodes for TENS Unit) are included in the rental and not to be billed in addition to the
rental of the equipment. When billing for supplies on member owned equipment, the
supplier must state on the claim or medical necessity form that the related piece of
equipment is not being rented (e.g., “TENS Units is not being rented” or “…is owned by
the member”).
When DME is loaned (provided without charge) or rented, as part of an equipment trial
and the equipment is then approved for purchase:
The claim for the equipment is required to include the UE modifier when the equipment
is to be retained by the member and was not new at the time of the loan or initial rental.
Only if the equipment was new, or if the used equipment is being replaced by new
equipment, should this modifier be omitted.
The provider is to document the DME serial number in the member’s record.
11.1 Reimbursable/Non-Reimbursable Services
Reimbursable/non-reimbursable information and prior authorization information is
available on the Department of Vermont Health Access website at
http://dvha.vermont.gov/for-providers/claims-processing-1 .
DME guidelines, including wheelchairs and other mobility devices, augmentative
communication devices, prosthetics, orthotics and medical supplies are available at
http://dvha.vermont.gov/for-providers/clinical-coverage-guidelines. See Medicaid Rules,
7504, 7505, 7506, 7507, and 7508; at http://humanservices.vermont.gov/on-line-rules.
11.2 Payment DVHA Primary
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When the DVHA is the primary payer, payment amounts for DME (except augmentative
communication devices and closed circuit TV purchased from the Vermont Association for
the Blind and Visually Impaired-VABVI), orthotics, prosthetics and medical supplies will
be calculated in the following manner:
1.
When the rate on file is a specific dollar amount, the DVHA pays the lesser of the
actual charge or the rate on file
2.
If the rate on file is “IC” (Individual Consideration), and if there is a
Manufacturer’s Suggested Retail Price (MSRP) for the item, the DVHA pays the
lesser of the actual charge or 85% of the MSRP for all items
3.
If the rate on file is “IC”, and if there is no MSRP, the DVHA pays the lesser of
the actual charge or 1.67 times the invoice cost.
The commissioner may approve an exception to the methods, if the commissioner finds
that payment for a particular item under the method in #2 or #3 is shown to cause a
significant loss to the vendor. In such cases, the commissioner may approve payment at
the lesser of the actual charge or the actual cost.
When the DVHA is the primary payer, payment amounts for augmentative
communication devices will be calculated in the following manner:
•
When the rate on file is a specific dollar amount, the DVHA pays the lesser of the
actual charge or the rate on file
•
If the rate on file is “IC” and if the seller is the manufacturer of the item, the DVHA
pays the lesser of the actual charge or 85% of MSRP
•
If the rate on file is “IC” for the item and if the seller is a distributor or retailer of
the item, the DVHA pays the lesser of the actual charge or MSRP.
•
When the DVHA is the primary payer, payment amounts for closed circuit TV
devices purchased from the VABVI will be calculated in the following manner:
a. When the rate on file is a specific dollar amount, the DVHA pays the lesser of the
actual charge or rate on file
b. If the rate on file is “IC”, the DVHA pays the lesser of the actual charge or 1.67
times the invoice cost.
Vermont Medicaid is payer of last resort. The DVHA does not reimburse when a primary
insurance has been billed incorrectly and/or has insufficient information/coding.
11.3 Payment-Dual Eligible/Medicare Primary
When Medicare is the primary payer, the provider must accept assignment of the claim
(except as noted below) in order to receive any DVHA payment. This applies to all claims
for services and items. See section 6.6 Medicaid & Medicare Crossover.
If the claim is submitted to Medicare on an assigned basis, when the DVHA receives the
crossover claim, it will pay the coinsurance and deductible amounts due.
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In order to assure access, the DVHA has created five exceptions to its requirement that
claims for dual-eligible individuals are to be submitted to Medicare on an assigned basis.
The exceptions are limited to claims for:
•
Wheelchairs
•
Seating systems
•
Cushions that are part of a seating system
•
Seat lifts, and
•
Repairs to wheelchairs for which Medicare did not participate.
For these items, a provider may submit a prior authorization request to the DVHA asking
for a medical necessity determination and waiver of the requirement to bill on an
assigned basis. When a provider submits a request for prior authorization of a wheelchair,
seating system, cushions that are part of a seating system or seat lift for a dually eligible
member, the DVHA will review the request for medical necessity and sufficient
information to support pricing. If the DVHA determines that the request is medically
necessary, it will approve the request, enter a Medicaid allowed amount into the system
and over-ride the Medicare assignment requirement. If the provider bills Medicare for the
requested item on an unassigned basis, when the provider submits to the DVHA evidence
of the Medicare payment or denial, the DVHA will pay the difference between the
Medicare paid amount and the Vermont Medicaid allowed amount.
In addition, when the primary wheelchair is found by the DVHA to need repair,
modification, and/or battery replacement; and Medicare denied or downgraded the
purchase of the primary chair; or the DVHA determines that Medicare is unlikely to
accept new documentation of medical necessity for the primary chair; the DVHA may
approve an over-ride of the assignment requirement. Approved repairs and modifications
under this exception may be billed directly to Vermont Medicaid.
To assure access, the DVHA will consider creating additional exceptions for items of DME
which cost over $100.00. Any request to add a service or item to the list (of exceptions for
access reasons) must demonstrate to the satisfaction of the commissioner of the DVHA
that the item is inaccessible statewide due to the Medicare payment level.
11.4 Prescribing Provider
Doctors of Medicine (M.D.s), Doctors of Osteopathy (D.O.s), Nurse Practitioners (NPs),
Physician Assistants (PAs) and certain other licensed practitioners may write prescriptions
for DME and medical supplies. Audiologists may prescribe hearing aids. Physical and
occupational therapists may prescribe wheelchairs and seating systems (MD endorsement
of the prescription is required). Augmentative communication devices require a
prescription by a speech/language pathologist with MD endorsement of the prescription.
All written prescriptions must be legible, contain the required information and applicable
dates.
The physician/nurse practitioner prescriber must be enrolled as a participating Vermont
Medicaid provider and the prescribing/attending NPI number on the CMS 1500 claim
must be valid. When billing for services to Vermont Medicaid, the prescribing/referring
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physician NPI number should appear in field locator 17a or b when billing on a CMS 1500
Claim Form. The billing provider name and address must appear in field locator 33 and the
NPI number must appear in field locators 33a and 24j.
DME providers must keep prescriptions on file for five years for members in DVHA
programs.
11.5 Dates of Service
The billed date of service on the claim must be the date that the item was dispensed
/delivered to the member. The date of service may not be earlier than the date the item
was dispensed/delivered. There are two exceptions:
•
When the billings are for monthly DME rentals, the dates of service should span the
rental month;
•
When the member becomes ineligible after a customized item has been ordered but
before it can be dispensed, the date may be the actual date of the order.
Custom order items include: the evaluation, fitting, casting and taking of measurements
in the allowance of the item. There will be no separate payment for these services.
Providers may not seek additional reimbursement.
11.6 Procedure Codes & Pricing
A list of procedure codes for DME equipment, orthotics, prosthetics and supplies is
available in electronic form which includes the code, rate on file, whether the code
requires prior authorization, and other pertinent information. Fee Schedules are at
http://dvha.vermont.gov/for-providers/claims-processing-1. Items on the fee schedule with
a rate on file of “IC” (individual consideration) are manually priced. DME Restrictions,
located at http://www.vtmedicaid.com/Downloads/manuals.html, inform DME providers of
current restrictions on certain DME items/supplies.
Changes in the price on file will be reflected on the Fee Schedule. The DVHA reserves the
right to change the price on file for any item or service without prior notice. For these
reasons providers should be careful to retain the changes noted in the RAs and updated
versions of the fee schedule. This file is for the convenience of the provider. Although the
DVHA will attempt to keep the file 100% accurate, the actual price recorded in the
computer system for payment is the only accurate price for the applicable date of service.
For items not prior priced or when a vendor is requesting special pricing consideration, an
invoice including the manufacturer’s price to the vendor and any discounts, must be
submitted with the claim.
Individual Consideration/Manual Pricing
The rate on file for certain procedure codes does not have a specific dollar amount because
no one amount is appropriate (e.g. code A4570, miscellaneous splints). In these cases, the
rate on file is set at “IC” (individual consideration) and the allowed amount will be
calculated in accordance with the section titled “Payment, DVHA Primary”. This process
is often called “manual pricing”.
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11.7 Repairs
Repairs to covered items are covered when the repairs are necessary to make the items
useful, are not included in a warranty, have been ordered by a physician, and do not total
more than 50% of replacement cost. Suppliers must check the procedure code listing in
the Fee Schedule for the specific code representing the repair being considered to
determine the need for prior authorization. Payment will not be made for repairs to
equipment for use in skilled nursing homes, ICFs, ICF-MRs, mental or general hospitals
or psychiatric facilities.
Mileage
Mileage incurred by providers associated with the repair of a DME item, is reimbursable
by Vermont Medicaid and cannot be charged to the member. The mileage is billed with
procedure code K0739. The mileage should be determined from their closest facility, if the
vendor is providing multiple deliveries; the only portion that will be reimbursed is the
portion of the mileage specific to the Vermont Medicaid member.
If the member is able to take the DME item that needs to be repaired to the vendor that is
the expectation. Charges for delivery of a DVHA reimbursed DME item, cannot be made
to Vermont Medicaid or to a member.
11.8 Supply Returns
DME purchased by Vermont Medicaid for eligible members, remains the property of
Vermont Medicaid. If a member no longer has a medical need for equipment purchased by
Vermont Medicaid, the member should be instructed to contact the DVHA Clinical
Review Unit at: 802-879-6396. DME suppliers should also contact this number if Vermont
Medicaid owned DME is returned to them.
11.9
Durable Medical Equipment (DME) Recycling
DME vendors who provide the following equipment to Medicaid members are required to
affix a sticker on the item at the time of delivery that identifies Medicaid as the owner of
the device
•
Manual Wheelchairs
•
Power Operated Vehicles
•
Power Wheelchairs
•
Standers
•
Lifts
•
Hospital Beds
•
Rehab Shower Commode Chairs
•
Augmentative Communication Devices/Speech Generating Devices.
Medicaid provides the stickers with contact information regarding return of the device
when it is no longer required by the member. The sticker must be applied to an area of
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the device that is protected from daily wear and tear but is visible without excessive
effort. The accompanying Durable Medical Equipment Ownership, Operation, and
Maintenance Agreement form must be signed by the vendor and the member or the
member’s legal guardian. The completed form must be kept on file at the vendor’s office
and be available for inspection by DVHA, and a copy provided to the member for their
records. The DVHA may request a copy of the completed form as part of the clinical
review process for items which require prior authorization. The Durable Medical
Equipment Ownership, Operation, and Maintenance Agreement form is available on the
DVHA website at http://dvha.vermont.gov/for-providers/forms-1. Contact DVHA at
802-879-6396 to obtain stickers and forms.
Exception: equipment for dual eligible members whose primary insurance covered the
cost of the device does not require a sticker.
11.10 Rehabilitation Equipment Review
The DVHA contracts with the Veteran’s Administration to provide second opinion
consults for select rehabilitation equipment that requires prior authorization. Members
may be contacted by a VA representative to arrange this consultation. Consultations will
take place at the member’s home or at a VA clinic. Members and providers will be notified
when the DVHA has required a consult.
11.11 DME Billing Information - Equipment Specific (Alphabetical)
11.11.1 Adaptive Weighted Eating Utensils
Vermont Medicaid allows for the reimbursement of “Adaptive Weighted Eating
Utensils” when medically necessary for individuals who have significant tremors that
interfere with daily activities (i.e., ability to feed self).
These utensils must be ordered by a physician, must be medically necessary, supplied
by a DME/Pharmacy or DME vendor, and billed using non-specific HCPCS code A9999.
Only one of each type of utensil is allowed. The billing/supplying provider must submit
an invoice with the claim in order to be reimbursed.
11.11.2 Apnea Monitors
Vermont Medicaid covers the rental of an Apnea Monitor for use in the home when
medically necessary, as per the DVHA Clinical Criteria, however purchase is not
covered. The DVHA Clinical Guidelines for Apnea Monitors is available online at
http://dvha.vermont.gov/for-providers/clinical-coverage-guidelines. For members under
the age of one year (infants), prior authorization is not required. When the condition(s)
which caused a need for the monitor have been resolved or are stable for two to four
months, monitor rental must be discontinued.
11.11.3 BICROS/CROS (Contralateral Routing of Sound)
Vermont Medicaid does not cover CROS (Contralateral Routing of Sound) and BICROS
hearing aids and related services.
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Per review of current medical literature, the effectiveness of these aids is unproven.
Related current HCPCS procedure codes are in the range of V5170 -V5240.
11.11.4 Blood Pressure Monitors
Vermont Medicaid covers two types of blood pressure monitors for home use when
medically necessary per the online DVHA guidelines at http://dvha.vermont.gov/forproviders/clinical-coverage-guidelines.
Providers are required to follow national correct coding requirements.
Non-Continuous Automatic Blood Pressure Monitors consist of a digital gauge and a
stethoscope in one unit and are powered by batteries. The cuff may be inflated manually
or automatically depending on the model.
Vermont Medicaid covers only the purchase of these monitors; coverage is not available
for rental. The Medical need must be clearly documented in the patient’s medical
records. HCPCS has a specific billing code for these common BP monitors.
Continuous Automatic Blood Pressure Monitors Measures blood pressure continuously
in real time and comes with a recording device. They are non-invasive and can be used
with a cuff or finger sensor.
VT Medicaid covers only the rental of these monitors; coverage is not available for
purchase. Prior authorization is required. VT Medicaid will accept the miscellaneous
durable medical equipment HCPCS code, since a specific code is not yet in place for
these special monitors.
Vermont Medicaid does not cover new or refurbished Dinamap Monitors.
11.11.5 Breast Pumps
Providers and suppliers are responsible for ensuring medical necessity and should refer
to the Coverage Guidelines for Electric Breast Pumps on the DVHA website
http://dvha.vermont.gov/for-providers/clinical-coverage-guidelines.
DME providers are allowed to bill using the mother’s name and UID; a diagnosis must
be specified for the baby.
11.11.6 CPAP & BIPAP
Prior authorization is not required for the rental of CPAP & BIPAP devices. The
purchase of CPAP and BIPAP devices does require prior authorization. Prior
authorization requests must include appropriate documentation of medical need to
support current best practice guidelines. (See McKesson Smart Sheets on our Website
VTMedicaid.com/Transaction services).
11.11.7 Crutches
A physician’s order for crutches usually refers to common, wooden, underarm crutches.
If other types are dispensed by the DME supplier, the medical necessity form must be
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specific as to the type ordered and why the common wood crutches are not sufficient.
11.11.8 Glucometers
The basic glucometer does not require prior authorization. The prescribing provider’s
medical necessity form must document that the member is a diagnosed diabetic.
Glucometers with special features (such as voice response) require prior authorization
from the Department of Vermont Health Access. The prescribing provider’s medical
necessity form must document that the member is a diagnosed diabetic. Information on
the special feature(s) of the unit, why the unit is medically necessary and pricing
information is required.
The Department of Vermont Health Access limits the quantity of diabetic supplies for
eligible Vermont Medicaid members (such as glucose meters and test strips). Extra
equipment and supplies require prior authorization.
Vermont Medicaid will reimburse pharmacies only for the following meters and the test
strips for those meters:
FreeStyle® Lite, FreeStyle Flash®, FreeStyle Freedom®, Precision Xtra™, One
Touch® Ultra® 2, One Touch® UltraMini™ and One Touch® Ultra® Smart.
All other meters and test strips will require a prior authorization.
11.11.9 Hospital Beds
All semi-electric and electric/electronic hospital beds for use in the home require prior
authorization from the DVHA. This includes rentals and all other modifier-code
combinations. Regardless of the procedure code/modifier to be used, prior authorization
must be obtained prior to placement of the bed in the home.
The only exception is the “Immediate Needs” exception as explained in the Prior
Authorization Supplement on the Vermont Medicaid website
http://www.vtmedicaid.com/Downloads/manuals.html. This prior authorization
requirement is not new, as semi-electric and electric/electronic hospital beds
have required prior authorization for many years.
11.11.10 Incontinence Supplies
Incontinence supplies are covered under HCPCS procedure codes. Dispensing providers
are required to maintain a completed and current medical necessity form on file for each
item, justifying the medical need and quantities used.
11.11.11 Medical Supplies
Medical supplies will be covered when:
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•
Prescribed by an enrolled physician or other authorized practitioner
•
Used in a member’s home due to a post-surgical or chronic condition
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•
Billed first to Medicare when the member is eligible
•
Billed first to any other insurer or applicable organization
•
Prior authorization is obtained for excess quantities
Medical supplies may be dispensed in two month time periods. The “from” and “to”
dates of service on the CMS 1500 Claim Form must accurately reflect the two month
date span.” Providers are not allowed to dispense more than a two month supply.
11.11.12 Oxygen
The rental of respiratory equipment is on a monthly basis and includes all supplies
necessary to use the piece of equipment. Supplies in excess of the monthly amounts are
covered only when prior authorization from the DVHA has been granted. (This includes
changes of supplies related to infection control means).
11.11.13 Peak Flow Meters
Members with a diagnosis of asthma or reactive airway disease may obtain Peak Flow
Meters (e.g., Access, MiniWright, Pulmograph) from any qualified provider (physician or
DME).
11.11.14 Special Needs Feeder Bottles
HCPCS procedure code S8265 is accepted by Vermont Medicaid to bill for the Haberman
Feeder (special needs bottle with nipple) when medically necessary for dysphasia due to
cleft lip/palate. When the cause of the dysphasia is other than cleft lip/palate or the
bottle is not Haberman, unlisted procedure code A9999 is allowed.
All special needs feeder bottles are reusable, must be ordered by a physician, and
supplied by a DME/pharmacy vendor. Quantity is limited to 10 bottles with nipples per
six months. Prior authorization is not required. The medical need must be clearly
documented in the patients’ medical records and an invoice is required with each claim
submission.
11.11.15 Speech Augmentation Devices
Effective 6/01/2012, the Department of Vermont Health Access (DVHA) will begin
covering ipad/ipod devices as dedicated speech generating/augmentative communication
devices for VT Medicaid members whose severe communication impairment prevents
writing, telephone use, and/or talking. DVHA does not cover this or any other device to
be used solely for educational, vocational, or avocational purposes. Multiple devices are
not covered.
Because the device supplier is not a standard Durable Medical Equipment (DME)
provider, Speech Language Pathologist (SLP) performing the evaluation will be
considered the provider of record. The prescribing SLP is required to be an enrolled
Vermont provider. If the member has more than one SLP, for example a school and a
medical model SLP or an expert consultant, and one SLP is an enrolled VT Medicaid
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provider, SLP collaboration will be allowed during the evaluation/ prescribing process;
the enrolled SLP submits the request.
Note: There has been no change to Medicaid Rule and no change to the prior
authorization process for all other types of augmentative communication devices. Prior
authorization is required for all augmentative communication devices.
A packet that includes the DVHA evaluation and prescription form, the DVHA
Ownership form, Rule related to speech generating devices and a procedure checklist is
available at http://www.dvha.vermont.gov/for-providers/clinical-coverage-guidelines. See
the link titled Augmentative Communication Device Packet.
11.11.16 Splints
When a miscellaneous splint code must be used because there is no included code
available, providers must submit a request for prior authorization and a completed
Medical Necessity Form. Claims must also be submitted with an invoice and an invoice
for identification and cost.
11.11.17 TENS/MNES
TENS and MNES units must have a trial period of up to three months to determine
effectiveness for the member. Purchase is to be considered only when the continuing
medical need is documented and benefit is proven. Documentation by the physical
therapist and/or physician must indicate the length of the trial period and the reasoning
to support the effectiveness for each individual member.
The DVHA provides forms and tools to facilitate the prior authorization process. These
forms and tools are found at: http://dvha.vermont.gov/for-providers/clinical-coverageguidelines. Use of these designated forms/tools will ensure that all required information
is available for review by the DVHA Clinical Unit.
11.11.18 Tracheostomy Care Kits
Tracheostomy care kits are not approved unless a compelling clinical case can be
established and prior authorization is obtained. The necessary supplies for
tracheostomy care come in bulk quantities and providers are advised to furnish bulk
supplies when appropriate. All these supplies have individual procedure codes.
11.11.19 Ventricular Assist Devices
Vermont Medicaid’s coverage of Ventricular Assist Devices is based on the CMS
National Coverage Determination 20.9, entitled “NCD for Artificial Hearts and Related
Devices”. Hospital and physician providers are referred to the current CPT and HCPCS
manuals for proper coding.
11.11.20 Wheelchairs & Seating Systems
The purchase and rental of wheelchairs requires prior authorization. Wheelchairs and
seating systems are covered under various procedure codes (see current HCPCS
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manual). Refer to the Fee Schedule at http://dvha.vermont.gov/for-providers to
determine the procedure codes that require prior authorization. To obtain prior
authorization and individual consideration pricing, providers are required to submit a
completed medical necessity form and pricing information to the clinical staff at the
DVHA. When a member is also covered by Medicare, see section 12.4 Payment-Dual
Eligibles/Medicare Primary.
The DVHA provides forms and tools to facilitate the prior authorization process. These
forms and tools are found at: http://dvha.vermont.gov/for-providers/clinical-coverageguidelines. Use of these designated forms/tools will ensure that all required information
is available for review by the DVHA Clinical Unit.
11.11.21 Wheelchair Repairs
All repairs on wheelchairs less than one year old require prior authorization from the
DVHA. The DVHA expects that these chairs would still be under the manufacturer’s
warranty and therefore any repairs, regardless of the dollar amount, require prior
authorization. For wheelchairs over one year old and not under warranty, prior
authorization is required only for repairs greater than $300.00.
Requests for prior authorization for wheelchair repairs must include a completed
Medical Necessity form in addition to the following:
•
The date the wheelchair was purchased/delivered
•
When the chair is less than 4 years old, the cost of repair vs. cost of replacement
•
Equipment guarantees, warranty and denial of third party coverage
•
The condition of the existing equipment
Durable Medical Equipment (DME) providers who service wheelchairs may make
repairs to wheelchairs provided to a Medicaid member by another DME provider, if the
initial provider has gone out of business or the device records are unobtainable (for
example, the records of the Scooter Store). In these instances, DME providers are
allowed to make repairs to the device in order to assure the safety and independence of
the Medicaid member. If there is any concern that the device is not medically
appropriate to the medical needs of the member, an assessment by a physical or
occupational therapist is advisable. The Department of Vermont Health Access website
provides access to the following information regarding repairs:
Medicaid guidelines:
http://dvha.vermont.gov/for-providers/dme-repairs-guidelines050313.pdf.
Medicaid Rule (section 7506.4): http://humanservices.vermont.gov/on-line-rules/dvha.
Assistive Technology Suppliers (ATS)
Vermont Medicaid follows Medicare’s lead in requiring that certain wheelchairs must
come from a supplier employing a RESNA-certified Assistive Technology Supplier (ATS)
who is directly involved in the wheelchair selection for the member. This applies to the
following wheelchairs: Group 2 single- or multiple-power option power wheelchairs, any
Group 3 or Group 4 power wheelchair or a push-rim power assist device for a manual
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wheelchair. All suppliers who have obtained their ATS certification should sign all
documentation regarding the above wheelchairs with their ATS designation. All ATS
certified suppliers must send a copy of their certification to Vermont Medicaid
Enrollment department on an annual basis to demonstrate that they have kept their
certification current.
It is understood that RESNA will be changing the Supplier certification to a
Practitioner certification in the near future. Providers should send a copy of all updated
certificates to the DVHA.
11.12 CMS 1500 Paper Claim Billing Instructions/Field Locators
Multiple Page Claims
When billing a multiple page claim, you must indicate "page x of y" in Box 19, "Local Use"
of the CMS-1500 claim form. To indicate the conclusion of the entire claim, field 28 of the
last page of the claim must also include the total billed amount.
Example: page 1 of 3 (1st page of claim), 2 of 3 (2nd page of claim) & 3 of 3 (3rd page of
claim).
Field Locators
All information on the CMS 1500 Claim Form should be typed or legibly printed. Only the
02-12 version of this form is accepted for processing. The field locators listed below are
used by HPES when processing Vermont Medicaid claims. The field locators designated
by an asterisk (*) are mandatory; other field locators are required when applicable. The
field locators not listed below are not used in the Vermont Medicaid program and do not
need to be completed.
FIELD LOCATOR
REQUIRED INFORMATION
1. CARRIER IDENTIFICATION
Check the Medicaid box.
1a. INSURED’S ID NUMBER*
Enter the Vermont Medicaid ID
number as shown on the member’s
Member ID card.
2. PATIENT’S NAME*
Enter the member’s last and first
name.
10. CONDITION RELATED TO*
Check appropriate box to indicate:
a. If condition is related to
employment
b. If condition is related to an auto
accident
c. If condition is related to any other
type of accident.
If yes is checked in any of these boxes,
enter the accident date in field
locator 15.
11. INSURED’S POLICY NUMBER
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If the member has other health
insurance (excluding Medicare), enter
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the applicable policy number.
a. Enter the insured’s date of birth in
MMDDYY format; check the
appropriate box to indicate
insured’s sex.
b. Enter the insured’s employer or
school name.
c. Enter the name of the other health
insurance carrier.
11d. IS THERE ANOTHER HEALTH BENEFIT PLAN*
Check the appropriate box. If yes, complete
fields 9 a-c. Health benefits provided under
Green Mountain Care are not considered
other insurance. Other insurance only
pertains to a private health insurance carrier.
15. OTHER DATE (ACCIDENT DATE)
If your response indicates a ‘yes’ in
field locators10b or 10c, enter the date
of the occurrence and qualifier “439”.
17. NAME OF REFERRING PROVIDER OR
OR OTHER SOURCE
Use qualifier “DN’, until
further notice
17a. TAXONOMY/REFERRING PROVIDER
Enter the referring provider’s
taxonomy code when applicable.
17b. NPI*
Enter the referring, ordering or
supervising provider’s NPI. If
applicable; completion of field
locator 17 is required.
19. LOCAL USE
Use this field to explain unusual
services or circumstances and to
indicate "page x of y" of a multiple
page claim.
21. ICD Ind.*
Enter “9” for ICD-9 diagnosis codes.
NOTE: ICD-10 codes are not valid
until 10-1-15; enter “0” for ICD-10.
21. DIAGNOSIS CODE(S)*
Enter the appropriate IDC-9-CM or
ICD-10 diagnosis code that relates to
the service rendered. You may use up
to twelve diagnosis codes.
24a. DATE(S) OF SERVICE*
Enter the date of each service
provided. If the From and To dates are
the same, the To date is not required.
You can add up to 4 pointers per
detail.
24b. PLACE OF SERVICE*
Enter the appropriate two digit place
of service code.
24c. EMG
Enter ‘1’ to indicate if the service
provided was the result of an
emergency. *This field is mandatory
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only if emergency services were
provided.
24d. PROCEDURE CODE*
Enter the appropriate procedure code
to explain the service rendered.
24e. DIAGNOSIS POINTER*
Enter the appropriate diagnosis
‘pointer’ that relates to the service
rendered from field locator 21. NOTE:
The pointer character has changed
from numbers to letters.
24f. CHARGES*
Enter the usual and customary charge
for the service rendered.
24g. DAYS OR UNITS*
Enter the number of days or units of
service which were rendered.
24h. EPSDT/FAMILY PLAN
Enter one of the following Vermont
Medicaid EPSDT and Family
Planning indicators:
1-Both EPSDT and Family Planning
2-Neither EPSDT nor Family
Planning
3-EPSDT Only
4-Family Planning Only
24j. ATTENDING PROVIDER*
Enter attending physician’s NPI.
Enter the billing provider NPI for
independent labs and DME suppliers.
If Atypical, enter the 7-digit Vermont
Medicaid ID number in the shaded
area.
26. PATIENT’S ACCOUNT NUMBER
Enter the account number you have
assigned to the member. HPES can
accept up to 12 digits; alpha, numeric,
or alpha/numeric in this field. This
information will print on the
Remittance Advice summary for your
accounting purposes.
28. TOTAL CHARGE*
Add the charges from field locator 24f
for each line and enter the total in this
field.
29. AMOUNT PAID*
Enter the amount paid by other health
insurance coverage, including
contractual allowance if applicable
(exclude Medicare payments). If this
field is completed, field locators 11a,
11b and 11c must also be completed.
Enter spend down if applicable.
Documentation must be attached if
the services are not covered by the
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primary, or if the payment by the
primary is $3.00 or less.
31. SIGNATURE
Enter the provider’s signature or
facsimile, or signature of the
provider’s authorized representative.
Enter the date of the signature.
33. BILLING PROVIDER*
Enter the payee provider name and
address (Individual provider format:
last name, first name)
33a. BILLING PROVIDER’S NPI*
Enter the billing provider’s NPI.
33b. BILLING PROVIDER’S TAXONOMY
Enter the billing provider’s taxonomy
code when applicable. If Atypical,
enter the 7-digit Vermont Medicaid ID
number in the shaded area.
Section 12 UB04 Claim Submissions
12.1
Reimbursable Services
Hospital Inpatient
Reimbursable services include: medically necessary care in a semi-private room; private
room and intensive care when medically necessary; nursing and related services; use of
hospital facilities, supplies, appliances and equipment; blood transfusions; therapeutic
services; drugs furnished by the hospital; rehabilitation services; diagnostic services.
See section 7.8 Services Requiring Prior Authorization
Hospital Outpatient
Reimbursable services include the use of facilities in connection with accidental injury or
minor surgery, diagnostic tests, rehabilitative therapies and emergency room care.
Pre-certification review of hospital admissions for dental procedures is not required.
When submitting claims use the appropriate dental HCPCS coding (D…).
Medicare restricts certain medical services that should be only performed in an inpatient
hospital setting. These services are not eligible for reimbursement when provided by a
physician in an outpatient setting. A list of Medicaid Outpatient MUE of Zero procedures
(Inpatient only list) is available at http://www.medicaid.gov/Medicaid-CHIP-ProgramInformation/By-Topics/Data-and-Systems/National-Correct-Coding-Initiative.html; see
the links under Medicaid NCCI edit files.
Home Health
Reimbursable services include nursing care services when the services are related to the
care of patients who are experiencing acute or chronic periods of illness if ordered by and
included in the treatment plan established by the physician.
Reimbursable services include physical, occupational and speech therapy services.
Therapy services must be directly related to an active treatment plan, of a level that a
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qualified therapist is required, and reasonable and necessary to the treatment of the
patient’s condition.
Reimbursable services also include Services of a home health aide.
Home Health Hospice
Reimbursable services include: nursing, Home Health Aide, homemaker, rehabilitative
therapy, social service, nutrition services, bereavement assessment and counseling, drugs,
equipment, medical supplies, inpatient care and respite services in the home.
Vermont Medicaid pays a Per Diem rate.
Assistive Community Care Services
Reimbursable services include: case management, personal care services, nursing
assessment & routine tasks, medication assistance, on-site assistive therapy and
restorative nursing.
Choices for Care
1.
Enhanced Residential Care Services include: personal care, meal preparation,
medication management, nursing overview, activities, 24-hour supervision, and
laundry/housekeeping.
2.
Long Term Care Services include: personal care, meals/nutritional services, 24-hour
skilled nursing, rehab & therapy, activities, 24-hour supervision, social services,
laundry/housekeeping.
3.
Home Based Waiver Services include: case management, personal care, respite or
companion care, adult day services, personal emergency response systems.
12.2
Reimbursement Policy
The Fee Schedule contains a complete list of services that are reimbursable by Vermont
Medicaid. Implementation of OPPS pricing has not changed the Vermont Medicaid policy
regarding non-covered services.
Providers are allowed to compliantly bill the correct monthly code that meets the
definition of the actual services provided for members subject to partial eligibility in any
given month. However, providers may only bill the dates of service in which the member
is actively eligible for Medicaid.
Inpatient services will be paid according to DRG payment methodology.
Vermont-based Relative Weight Information is available at
http://www.vtmedicaid.com/Downloads/manuals.html.
Outpatient services will be paid according to OPPS methodology. Go to
http://www.vtmedicaid.com/Downloads/manuals.html for a listing of revenue codes that
are required to be billed with a HCPCS/CPT code. The full fee schedule for hospitals is
also listed. The number of units billed on a detail line with the revenue code will
represent the number of units for the HCPCS code.
DRG Hospital Reimbursement-Vermont Medicaid Ineligibility:
With the DRG reimbursement methodology in effect, any claims for members who become
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ineligible for Vermont Medicaid during the duration of an inpatient stay must be billed to
any third party liability provider prior to billing Medicaid/HPES in its entirety. HPES
will prorate these claims based on member eligibility and partially reimburse for the days
the member was eligible for Vermont Medicaid.
Providers are instructed to bill the inpatient stay, including the Vermont Medicaid
ineligible days for reimbursement, then balance bill the member for the remainder.
Vermont Medicaid will not reimburse for days which the member was ineligible, thus it
becomes the member’s financial responsibility.
12.3
Patient Share (Applied Income) Reporting
The HPES claims processing system captures changes made to patient share amounts,
the highest paid providers and when the patient has moved to a new facility. Providers
can submit electronic replacement claim adjustments, for any claim that had deducted a
different patient share amount, or if you are now the highest paid provider or if you are
no longer the highest paid provider. Providers can also submit electronic adjustments
when the patient was discharged to a new facility and no longer owes their patient share
to the previously admitted facility. HPES will generate a monthly report detailing these
changes; we will adjust these claims. However, to receive your corrected payment
quicker, we recommend you submit electronic adjustments.
The DCF District office will send the facility a copy of the notification sent to the
members. This notification includes the amount of the patient’s share, if any, that the
member must apply toward the cost of his or her care. Patient Share obligations will be
automatically deducted from Vermont Medicaid claims starting with the first claims of
the month.
12.4
12.4.1
General Hospital Billing Information
Bilateral Billing Procedures
CPT codes that are not defined as bilateral but are performed bilaterally must be billed
as two separate detail line items. Each detail must contain the same revenue code, CPT
code and 1 unit of service. Modifier 50 is not to be used on institutional claims; it is not
recognized under the VT OPPS Pricing Methodology. Billing one line item will result in
a unilateral rate of reimbursement, regardless of the modifier submitted.
12.4.2
In-Network & Extended Network Hospitals
In-Network Hospitals are subject to the same Vermont Medicaid policy as are those
located within the geographical confines of the state of Vermont. Their physicians must
be enrolled in Vermont Medicaid. A complete list of Green Mountain Care In-Network
& Extended Network Hospitals is available at http://dvha.vermont.gov/forproviders/green-mountain-care-network.
Out-of-state hospitals not designated as an In-Network Hospital must bill using the
attending provider’s NPI number in field locator 76, when the attending provider is not
enrolled with Vermont Medicaid.
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12.4.3
Inpatient/Outpatient Overlap Examples
The general rule is when the patient does not leave the hospital campus going from the
outpatient to inpatient setting, then all of the outpatient charges should be rolled into
the inpatient claim and there should be no separate outpatient claim. The following
scenarios are to assist you in billing for out/inpatient overlap claims.
•
A patient comes into the ER Friday at 10:00 pm; patient is seen and stays in the
ER for 8 hours while tests and consults are performed. On Saturday morning, the
physician feels it is necessary to admit that patient as inpatient.
When a patient receives continuous outpatient care and then is admitted as an
inpatient, all of the outpatient charges should be rolled into the inpatient claim.
•
A patient comes into the ER Thursday at 8:00 pm and is admitted as an
outpatient in the observation room. By Friday pm, the physician determines it is
best to admit that patient as an inpatient.
When a patient is in the observation room, then transferred to an inpatient
status, the admission date is the date of service the patient was admitted into the
observation room. All of the charges associated with the observation room should
be rolled into the inpatient claim.
•
A patient comes in as an outpatient on Thursday am for services and leaves, then
later in the day, is admitted as an inpatient
Some hospitals may treat the outpatient and inpatient stay as one event and bill
all charges on the inpatient claim. Other hospitals may treat these as two
separate events since the patient left after the outpatient and bill one outpatient
and one inpatient claim. Either method is acceptable.
•
A patient comes in at 10:00 pm on Tuesday for ER services and leaves.
Wednesday morning the patient is admitted as inpatient.
These services are billed as two separate claims, one outpatient and one
inpatient, as they are different service events.
•
A patient is discharged on Tuesday am, but is readmitted Tuesday pm.
The services from the second admission are added to the first admission; the
claim will be inclusive of all inpatient days.
•
A patient is discharged on Tuesday am but comes in for outpatient services
Tuesday pm.
These are billed separately, one inpatient claim and one outpatient claim, as they
are different service events.
12.4.4
Inpatient Claims: No Medicare Part A; Has Medicare B Coverage
When a Vermont Medicaid member has Medicare part B and no Medicare part A
coverage, providers are instructed to bill as follows:
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1.
Days not covered under Medicare part A must be billed to Medicare B for
payment of covered ancillary charges. Claims will crossover to Vermont Medicaid
for payment of coinsurance and deductible.
2.
Add together Medicare’s part B payment, Medicare contractual adjustment
amount on part B EOMB and Vermont Medicaid’s crossover payment (part B) in
field locator 54 (Prior Payments) of the UB-04 claim form.
3. Submit your claim and all attachments to your Vermont Medicaid Provider
Representative.
(See http://www.vtmedicaid.com under Information/Provider Representative Map).
DVHA does not recognize Provider Liable charges, and therefore the charges are not to be deducted
from the billed amount. Do not indicate Provider liable charges in field locator 54 of the UB-04
Claim Form.
12.4.5
Inpatient Claims: Medicare Part A Exhausts or Begins During the
Inpatient Stay
When a Vermont Medicaid member has Medicare part B coverage and Medicare part A has
exhausted, providers are instructed to bill as follows:
1. Bill part A charges to Medicare.
2. A claim for Inpatient dates of service not covered under Medicare part A must be
billed to Medicare B for payment of covered charges. Claim will crossover to
Vermont Medicaid for payment of coinsurance and deductible.
3. The inpatient claim for the entire stay should be billed to Vermont Medicaid with
“Medicare benefits exhausted or began on mm/dd/yy” indicated in field locator 80
on the UB.
4. Add together the Medicare B payment, the Medicare B contractual adjustment,
and the Vermont Medicaid crossover payment. Indicate this total amount in field
locator 54a on the UB.
5. Attach both the part A and B EOBs. On part A EOMB, write “Medicare benefits
exhausted or began on mm/dd/yy”. The charges will not match on part B EOMB.
Sign and date part A EOMB.
6. Submit your claim and all attachments to your Vermont Medicaid Provider
Representative. (See http://www.vtmedicaid.com under Information/Provider
Representative Map)
If an inpatient claim is submitted to Medicare as primary payer is denied by Medicare
because the patient’s Medicare covered benefits are exhausted, DVHA will pay the claim
based on DRG Payment methodologies for the patient’s Medicaid covered services.
If a patient becomes Medicare eligible during an inpatient stay, Medicare will pay
Medicare covered days as the primary payer. DVHA will pay for the Medicaid covered
days as a separated DRG payment for the patient’s Medicaid covered services and
DVHA will pay the coinsurance and deductible for the Medicare covered days.
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12.4.6
Inpatient Claims: Medicare Primary but Medicaid Eligibility Termed
During Stay
When a Vermont Medicaid member has Medicare A but their Medicaid is termed during
the stay, providers are instructed to bill as follows:
1. Bill part A charges to Medicare
2. The inpatient claim for the entire stay should be billed to Vermont Medicaid.
3. If the patient is eligible for the first day of service the Medicare A deductible will
be paid. Complete the Medicare Attachment Summary. This claim can just be
submitted directly to HP Enterprise Services.
4. If the patient is eligible with Vermont Medicaid for co-insurance days, you must
attach the Medicare A EOB. On the Part A EOB write Medicare co-insurance
start date is mm/dd/yy, write the co-insurance due and sign and date the part A
EOMB.
5. Submit your claim and all attachments to your Vermont Medicaid Provider
Representative. (See http://www.vtmedicaid.com under Information/Provider
Representative Map).
12.4.7
Interim Inpatient Claims
Inpatient acute care hospitals that have a long term patient may bill interim claims in
at least 60-day intervals. Subsequent bills must be in the electronic adjustment bill
format. Each bill must include all applicable diagnoses and procedures. Indicate in the
note field: long term inpatient stay greater than 60 days.
1. Type of bill 112 – interim bill-first claim use patient status – still a patient.
2. Type of bill for subsequent claims will be 117 - electronic replacement claim. Use
Patient status - still a patient or a valid patient status – discharge code.
Type of bill for subsequent claims will be 117 - electronic replacement claim. Patient
status will be either patient status 30, or a discharged patient status code.
12.4.8
Present on Admission (POA) - Inpatient Admissions
The present on admission indicator (POA) will be required for all inpatient admissions.
Vermont Medicaid will follow Medicare’s guidelines. The indicator options are: Y (Yes),
N (No), U (Unknown), W (Not Applicable). If exempt from POA reporting leave the field
blank. The POA indicator is the eighth digit and is required on all diagnoses codes listed
on the UB 04 (principal field 67 and secondary field 67 A through Q). This is not
required for the admit diagnosis (69). For electronic claims using the 837 Institutional,
submit the POA indicator in HI01-9 of each appropriate HI segment. POA is always
required first, followed by the principal diagnosis. The last secondary diagnosis
indicator is followed by the letter Z to indicate the end of the data element. e.g.,
POAYNUW1YZ
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A list of diagnosis codes exempt from requiring the POA indicator can be located at
https://www.vtmedicaid.com/Information/whatsnew.html.
12.4.9
Same-Day-Stays
One day stays are defined as patients who are admitted and discharged from the same
acute care facility on the same calendar day.
•
Example: Patient is admitted 5:00 am on 12/4/07 and released 11:30 pm on
12/4/07. This is a same-day stay.
•
Example: Patient is admitted at 10:00 pm on 12/4/07 and released at 7:00 am on
12/5/07. This is not a same day stay.
These claims will be paid the lesser of the cost of the case or the DRG payment.
12.4.10 Subacute Care
Swing bed hospitals should bill revenue code 16X on a separate claim from the acute
care episodes (use appropriate discharge code.) Waiting for placement hospitals should
bill revenue code 19X on the same claim as the acute care episodes.
Payment to hospitals for subacute care is made either for swing bed care or while a
patient is waiting placement in a nursing facility. Vermont approved swing bed facilities
are eligible for swing bed payments but not waiting placement payments.
Swing bed payments will be made only if the following conditions are met:
•
The person must be found eligible for long-term care Medicaid during the period
for which payment is requested; and
•
The person’s income must be applied toward the cost of care, as determined by the
district office.
Medicare part B must be billed for those services usually billable. On the Medicare B
EOMB, write: “Member is not eligible for Medicare A, ancillary charges billed to
Medicare B & Vermont Medicaid. Charges do not match. Medicare B and Vermont
Medicaid payment combined in field locator 54.” Sign and date the Medicare B EOMB.
The following hospitals have been approved to offer swing bed services:
Vermont: Northeastern VT Regional, North Country, Porter, Grace Cottage, Gifford, Mt
Ascutney, Copley, Springfield.
New Hampshire: Upper CT Valley, Littleton, Valley Regional, Weeks
Hospitals not authorized to bill swing beds may bill for waiting placement for those days
after it is determined that a patient no longer requires acute care. If the patient
continues to be hospitalized while awaiting placement in a nursing facility and no bed
within the area is available, the hospital must be actively seeking placement. Payment
is the same as a swing bed day.
12.4.11 Transfer Cases
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Transfer cases are defined as patients who initiate an inpatient stay in one hospital and
are discharged/admitted from one acute care facility to another.
The receiving hospital will be paid under normal DRG payment logic.
•
The transferring hospital will be paid the lesser of the cost of the case or the DRG
payment (including any eligible outlier payment).
12.4.12 Outpatient Services Rendered During an Inpatient Stay
Member is admitted to Hospital A for inpatient care. Member is transferred to Hospital
B for outpatient services not able to be provided by Hospital A, and then Member is
transferred back to Hospital A to complete their inpatient care. Hospital B is to bill
Hospital A for the outpatient services provided. Hospital A is to bill Medicaid for the
inpatient stay and will be paid under the normal DRG logic.
12.5
Out-Patient/Inpatient Hospital Services
12.5.1
Cardiac Rehabilitation
Cardiac rehabilitation is billable under revenue code 943. One unit is equal to one day
regardless of the number of encounters.
Effective for date of service May 16, 2012 and thereafter, cardiac rehabilitation is
limited to 36 sessions within a 36 week timeframe. Additional sessions may be approved
by the DVHA Clinical Unit when the claim includes the appropriate notes and meets
the required criteria. The maximum allowed number of additional sessions eligible for
consideration is 72.
12.5.2
Dialysis
The DVHA has established a reimbursement policy for billing End Stage Renal Disease
outpatient treatment services. This reimbursement method is excluded from OPPS
pricing; providers identified as free standing dialysis centers are reimbursed under this
method. Only the revenue codes listed below are reimbursable. All other billed revenue
codes will be denied as incidental.
8/1/2014
•
Revenue codes 821, 831, 841 or 851 – Hemodialysis requires HCPCS code 90999
be billed. This service is reimbursed at a per diem rate of $151.32
•
Revenue code 304 – Lab services, non-routine dialysis, requires an appropriate
HCPCS code be billed. Reimbursement is 62% of the Level III price on file for the
HCPCS code.
•
Revenue code 636, separately-payable drugs except EPO - is reimbursed with the
appropriate HCPCS and NDC coding (when applicable). Pricing is the current
Level III price on file for the HCPCS or NDC code billed on the claim.
•
Revenue codes 634 and 635 EPO – are reimbursed when billed with the
appropriate HCPCS and NDC coding. Pricing is the current Level III price on file
for the HCPCS or NDC code billed on the claim.
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12.5.3
Inhalation Therapy
Vermont Medicaid will cover oxygen needed intermittently after a member has been
discharged from acute care. Payment will be made to the hospital for this outpatient
service.
12.5.4
Hospital Clinical Laboratory Tests
Packaged Clinical Laboratory Procedures
Lab related charges must include the corresponding CPT or HCPCS code with the
laboratory revenue code on the UB-04 claim form.
Medicaid packages some Clinical Laboratory procedure codes when they are billed with
a primary service on a hospital outpatient claim.
The general rule for OPPS payment methodology is that laboratory tests should be
reported on a 13X bill type. There are limited circumstances described below in which
hospitals can bill separately for laboratory tests on a 14x bill type.
Laboratory tests may be separately payable under the following limited exceptions;
•
the laboratory test is the only service provided to that member on that date of
service; or
•
the patient is neither an inpatient or outpatient of a hospital (the member is not
physically present at the hospital), but has a specimen that is submitted for
analysis; or
•
the laboratory test is on the same date of service as the primary service, but is
ordered for a different purpose than the primary service by a practitioner
different than the practitioner who ordered the primary service.
It is the hospital’s responsibility to determine when laboratory tests may be separately
billed on the 14X bill type under these limited exceptions.
Clinical Laboratory Tests Reimbursed Separately
Effective for claims submitted on or after 7/1/2014, CMS has created a new modifier, L1,
to be used on the 13x bill type when non-referred clinical laboratory tests are eligible for
separate payment under the following two exceptions:
•
A hospital collects specimen and furnishes only the outpatient labs on a given
date of service; or
•
A hospital conducts outpatient lab tests that are clinically unrelated to other
hospital outpatient services furnished the same day. “Unrelated” means the
laboratory test is ordered by a different practitioner than the practitioner who
ordered the other hospital outpatient services, for a different diagnosis.
A third exception is allowed for non-patient (referred) clinical laboratory specimens.
Providers are to continue billing these outpatient lab tests separately on a type of bill
14x; do not use the L1 modifier.
For additional information, please refer to CMS publication:
http://www.cms.gov/Outreach-and-Education/Medicare-Learning-Network8/1/2014
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MLN/MLNMattersArticles/Downloads/SE1412.pdf.
12.5.5
Observation Rooms
Vermont Medicaid is packaging observation services with OPPS primary procedures.
There are no exceptions for certain conditions as there are in Medicare. Charges for
observation however will be included in the determination of whether or not the claim is
eligible for an outlier payment.
Alternatively, Vermont Medicaid will pay for observation separately when there is NO
primary procedure. Vermont Medicaid will pay the observation line on a claim provided
that the G0378 HCPCS appears on the labor room or observation room revenue code
detail line and the number of hours in observation is indicated in the units field. The
DVHA will pay up to 24 hours of observation per stay at $35.00 per hour with a
maximum reimbursement benefit of $840.00 per claim. Lab details as well as other
CPT/HCPCS for which there is a separate OPPS fee assigned but are not designated as
primary procedures in the OPPS will be paid separately.
12.5.6
Private Room
Private rooms are allowed only if certified medically necessary by a physician to avoid
jeopardizing the health of the patient or to protect the health and safety of other
patients.
12.5.7
Hospital Inpatient Billing Instructions/Field Locators
Admission Indicator
The billing field locator 14 requires one of four codes. It is the decision of the Admitting
Physician when there is a question as to which admission indicator code to use.
Attending Physician
The attending physician, whether the physician or practitioner who actually performs
the services for the patient or the referring or prescribing provider, must be enrolled as
a participating Vermont Medicaid provider. When billing Vermont Medicaid on the UB04 Claim Form, the attending physician’s NPI (with Taxonomy code when applicable)
must appear in field locator 76.
Billing/Supplying Provider
The billing/supplying provider name and address on your enrollment application must
appear in the field locator 1 and the actual billing NPI (with taxonomy code when
applicable) to which payment will be made must appear in field locator 56. If an atypical
provider, use the Vermont Medicaid number in locator 57C.
Nurse-Midwife Services
The nurse-midwife provider number should be entered in field locator 76 on the UB-04
claim form. The provider number of an associated physician should NOT be used as the
attending.
Field Locators
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All information on the UB-04 Claim Form should be typed or legibly printed. The fields
listed below are used by HPES when processing Vermont Medicaid claims. The fields
designated by an asterisk (*) are mandatory; other fields are required when applicable.
Only the fields listed below are used in the Vermont Medicaid Program; other fields do
not need to be completed.
FIELD LOCATORS
REQUIRED INFORMATION
1. UNLABELED FIELD*
Enter the Hospital name and address as it
appears on the Vermont Medicaid Provider
Enrollment form.
2. UNLABELED FIELD
Enter “Vermont Medicaid Hospital Inpatient”
3a. PATIENT CONTROL #
For accounting purposes, enter the patient
control # in the field locator. The number may
consist of up to 24 characters, alpha/numeric.
This information will appear on the
Remittance Advice (RA).
3b. MEDICAL RECORD #
Enter patient’s medical record #.
4. TYPE OF BILL*
Enter the code indicating the specific type of
bill for Inpatient. The sequence is as follows:
1. Type of facility
1-Hospital
2. Bill Classification
1-Inpatient
3. Frequency
1-Admit through discharge claim
2-Interim-first claim
3-Interim-continuity claim
4-Interim-last claim
6. STATEMENT COVERS PERIOD*
Enter the from and through service dates
8b. PATIENT’S NAME*
Enter the patient’s last name, first name and
middle initial.
10. BIRTHDATE
Enter the date of birth
12. ADMISSION DATE*
Enter date of admission
13. ADMISSION HOUR*
Enter the hour in which patient was admitted
14. ADMISSION TYPE*
Enter the code indicating the priority of the
admission:
1-Emergency
2-Urgent
3-Elective
4-Nursery
16. DISCHARGE HOUR
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Enter the hour in which the patient was
discharged.
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17. STAT*
Enter the two digit code indicating the
patient’s status as of the ‘through date’ of the
statement period.
18-28. CONDITONS CODES*
Enter code to identify if condition is related to
the following (*PSRO code is mandatory):
02- Condition is Employment Related
A1-EPSDT Related Services
A4-Family Planning Related Services
C1-PSRO Approved as Billed
C5-PSRO Post-Payment Review
31-34. OCCURRENCE CODE & DATE*
Enter one of the following two digit accident
codes, and the corresponding occurrence date,
if applicable or 52 if no other applies:
01-Auto Accident
02-Auto Accident/No Fault Insurance
Involved
03-Accident/Tort Liability
04-Accident/Employment Related
05-Other Accident
06-Crime Victim
11-No Accident/Onset of Symptoms or
Illness
42-Date of Discharge
50-Medical Emergency-Non-accidental
51-Outpatient Surgery Related
52-Not an Accident
39. VALUE CODES AMOUNT*
Enter the number of covered days in the
amount/dollar column. Do not count the day of
discharge or the date of death. (The sum of all
the days should be equal to the amount of
days being billed.)
42. REVENUE CODES*
Enter the appropriate revenue code for the
service provided.
45. SERVICE DATE
Enter the ‘FROM’ date of the span of
consecutive service dates being billed.
46. SERVICE UNITS*
Enter the quantitative measure of service
rendered per revenue code.
47. TOTAL CHARGES*
Enter the total charges pertaining to each
revenue code billed for the current billing
period. Add the total charges for all revenue
codes being billed and enter at the bottom of
column 47 in the total field. (detail line 23)
50. PAYER*
On 50a, enter the primary payer name or
“Spend Down” if spend down amount applies
to the claim. On 50b, enter the other
insurance name if applicable. Enter “Vermont
Medicaid” on 50c.
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54. PRIOR PAYMENTS*
Enter the payment amount associated with
the payer listed in field locator 50. Attach
spend down Notice of Decision.
Documentation must be attached if there was
no payment, if the services are not covered by
the primary, or if the payment by the primary
is $3.00 or less.
55. ESTIMATED AMOUNT DUE
Enter the amount due after deducting any
amount entered in field locator 54 from the
total entered at the bottom of column 47.
56. NPI*
Enter the BILLING provider’s NPI number.
57a. TAXONOMY CODE(S)
Enter the BILLING provider’s Taxonomy
Code when applicable.
57c. VERMONT MEDICAID ID #
Atypical providers, enter your Vermont
Medicaid billing provider number.
60. INSURED'S MEMBER ID*
Enter the member's Vermont Medicaid ID #.
67. PRINCIPAL DIAGNOSES CODE*
(see Present On Admission -POA)
Enter the primary diagnosis code. Use the
appropriate ICD-9-CM code.
67 a-q. OTHER DIAGNOSES CODES
(Present On Admission-POA)
Enter the appropriate ICD-9-CM codes (see
any condition other than primary, which
requires supplementary treatment.
69. ADMITTING DIAGNOSES CODE*
Enter the admitting diagnosis code.
74. PRINCIPAL PROCEDURE CODE & DATE
Enter the appropriate ICD-9-CM procedure
code and corresponding date.
74 a-e. OTHER PROCEDURE CODE & DATE
Enter the appropriate ICD-9-CM procedure
codes and dates other than the principal
procedure performed.
76. ATTENDING PHYSICIAN*
Enter the individual Attending Physician’s
NPI number.
If billing with a Vermont Medicaid ID #, leave
the NPI field blank and enter the Vermont
Medicaid ID # to the right of the qualifier box.
78-79. OTHER PHYSICIAN. NPI
Enter the Vermont Medicaid ID # of the
physician who the patient was referred to for
further treatment, if applicable.
80. REMARKS
Enter any notations relating specific
information necessary to adjudicate the claim.
81CCa.
Enter the taxonomy code for the attending
provider. Must correspond with the NPI
number in field locator 76.
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12.5.9
Hospital Outpatient Billing Instructions/Field Locators
All information on the UB-04 claim form should be typed or legibly printed. The fields
listed below are used by HP when processing Vermont Medicaid claims. The fields
designated by an asterisk (*) are mandatory; other fields are required when applicable.
Only the fields listed below are used in the Vermont Medicaid Program; other fields do
not need to be completed.
FIELD LOCATOR
REQUIRED INFORMATION
1. UNLABELED FIELD*
Enter the Hospital name and address as it
appears on the Vermont Medicaid Provider
Enrollment form.
2. UNLABELED FIELD
Enter “Vermont Medicaid Hospital Inpatient”
3a. PATIENT CONTROL #
For accounting purposes, enter the patient
control # in the field locator. The number may
consist of up to 24 characters, alpha/numeric.
This information will appear on the
Remittance Advice (RA).
3b. MEDICAL RECORD #
Enter patient’s medical record #.
4. TYPE OF BILL*
Enter the code indicating the specific type of
bill for Inpatient. The sequence is as follows:
1. Type of facility
1-Hospital
2. Bill Classification
3-Outpatient
4-Patient not present
3. Frequency
1-Admit through discharge claim
6. STATEMENT COVERS PERIOD*
Enter the from and through service dates.
8b. PATIENT’S NAME*
Enter the patient’s last name, first name and
middle initial.
10. BIRTHDATE
Enter the date of birth
12. ADMISSION DATE*
Enter date of admission
13. ADMISSION HOUR
If billing for emergency services that are the
result of an accident, enter the admission
hour.
14. ADMISSION TYPE*
Enter the code indicating the priority of the
admission:
1-Emergency
2-Urgent
3-Elective
4-Nursery
16. DISCHARGE HOUR
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Enter the hour in which the patent was
discharged.
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17. DISCHARGE STATUS*
Enter the appropriate discharge code.
18-28. CONDITONS CODES
Enter code to identify if condition is related to
the following (*PSRO code is mandatory):
02-Conditon is Employment Related
A1-EPSDT Related Services
A4-Family Planning Related Services
31-34. OCCURRENCE CODE & DATE*
Enter one of the following two digit accident
codes and the corresponding occurrence date,
if applicable or 52 if no other applies:
01-Auto Accident
02-Auto Accident/No Fault Insurance
Involved
03-Accident/Tort Liability
04-Accident/Employment Related
05-Other Accident
06-Crime Victim
11-No Accident/Onset of Symptoms or
Illness
35-Physical Therapy
44-Occupational Therapy
45-Speech Therapy
50-Medical Emergency- Non-accidental
51-Outpatient Surgery Related
52-Not an Accident
42. REVENUE CODES*
Enter the appropriate revenue code for the
service provided.
43. NDC CODE*
Enter the NDC code of the drug that was
dispensed. Use a “N4” indicator preceding the
NDC to identify the information in FL 43 as
an NDC.
44. HCPCS/CPT
Enter the appropriate HCPCS/CPT code.
45. SERVICE DATE*
Enter the actual date the service was
rendered. If the service was rendered on more
than one day, you must bill a separate charge
for each day.
46. SERVICE UNITS*
Enter the quantitative measure of service.
47. TOTAL CHARGES*
Enter the total charges pertaining to each
code billed for the current billing period. Add
the total charges for all revenue codes being
billed and enter at the bottom of column 47 in
the total field. (detail line 23)
50. PAYER*
On 50a, enter the primary payer name or
“Spend Down” if spend down amount applies
to the claim. On 50b, enter the other
insurance name if applicable. Enter “Vermont
Medicaid” on 50c.
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54. PRIOR PAYMENTS*
Enter the payment amount associated with
the payer listed in field locator 50. Attach
spend down Notice of Decision.
Documentation must be attached if there was
no payment, if the services are not covered by
the primary, or if the payment by the primary
is $3.00 or less.
55. ESTIMATED AMOUNT DUE
Enter the amount due after deducting any
amount entered in field locator 54 from the
total entered at the bottom of column 47.
56. NPI*
Enter the BILLING provider’s NPI number.
57a. TAXONOMY CODE(S)
Enter the BILLING provider’s Taxonomy
Code when applicable.
57c. VERMONT MEDICAID ID #
Atypical providers, enter your Vermont
Medicaid billing provider number.
60. INSURED'S MEMBER ID*
Enter the member's Vermont Medicaid ID #.
67. PRINCIPAL DIAGNOSES CODE*
Enter the primary diagnosis code. Use the
appropriate ICD-9-CM code.
67 a-q. OTHER DIAGNOSES CODES
Enter the appropriate ICD-9-CM codes for
any condition other than primary, which
requires supplementary treatment.
76. ATTENDING PHYSICIAN NPI*
Enter the individual Attending Physician’s
NPI number.
If billing with a Vermont Medicaid ID #, leave
the NPI field blank and enter the Vermont
Medicaid ID # to the right of the qualifier box.
77. OPERATING PHYSICIAN NPI
Enter the Vermont Medicaid ID # of the
Operating Physician
78-79. OTHER PHYSICIAN NPI
Enter the Vermont Medicaid ID # of the
physician who the patient was referred to for
further treatment if applicable.
80. REMARKS
Enter any notations relating specific
information necessary to adjudicate the claim.
81CCa.
Enter the taxonomy code for the attending
provider. Must correspond with the NPI
number in field locator 76.
Section 13 Home Health Agency Services
13.1
Conditions for Payment
If all conditions for Medicare are met and the patient is Medicare eligible, Medicare must
be billed before Vermont Medicaid reimbursement is requested. Payment for covered
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home health care services is authorized when the conditions for Medicare (Part A or Part
B) payment are met or when all of the following conditions are met:
The service or item is furnished in the member’s place of residence. A place of residence
includes:
•
Member’s own dwelling, an apartment, congregate such as senior citizen or adult
day center, a community care home, and a hospital, but the last only for the purpose
of an initial observation, assessment and evaluation visit.); and
•
Items and services are ordered and furnished under a written plan, signed by the
attending physician and incorporated into the agency’s permanent record for the
patients, which relates the items and services to the patient’s condition, as follows:
1.
Includes the diagnosis and description of the patient’s functional limitation
resulting from illness or injury; and
2.
Specifies the type and frequency of needed service, e.g., nursing services, drugs
and medications, special diet, permitted activities, rehabilitation and therapy
services, home health aide services, medical supplies and appliances; and
3.
Provides a long-range forecast of likely changes in the patient’s condition; and
4.
Specifies changes in the plan in writing, signed by the attending physician or by
a registered professional nurse on the agency staff pursuant to the physician’s
verbal orders; and
5.
Is reviewed by the attending physician, in consultation with professional agency
personnel every 60 days, or more frequently as the severity of the patient’s
condition requires, and shows the day of each review and physician’s signature;
and
6.
The attending physician certifies that the services and items specified in the
treatment plan can, as a practical matter, be provided through a Home Health
Agency in the patient’s place of residence.
For Vermont Medicaid reimbursement, there is no homebound restriction, nor a three day
prior hospitalization required. Patient’s condition may be either an episode of acute
illness or injury, or a chronic condition requiring home health care under a physician’s
order.
13.2
Reimbursable Services
General Information: Home health services are provided by certified home health
agencies under a plan of treatment authorized and approved by a physician. The objective
of the home health services is to restore, rehabilitate, or maintain patients in their own
homes or in a domiciliary facility by providing professional care and/or supervision.
Approved home health services include nursing care services, services of home health
aides, speech therapy, physical therapy, occupational therapy, and medical supplies.
Covered services under the Vermont Medicaid Home Health Service Program are those
which are necessary to restore, rehabilitate or maintain health, including care for the
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terminally ill, when provided under professional supervision in the home. Following are
descriptions of home health visits covered under the Vermont Medicaid Program.
13.2.1
Visit at Patient’s Place of Residence
A visit is a personal contact in the patient’s place of residence for providing a covered
home health service by a health worker on the staff of the home health agency or by
others under contract or arrangement with the home health agency.
Initial Evaluation Visit: A visit to evaluate the patient, the patient’s status, the physical
environment and facilities available, attitudes of family members, availability of family
members to assist in the care and to assess the appropriateness of home health care for
the patient.
Services provided by the home health agency, except for the initial evaluation visit,
must be furnished under a physician’s plan of care. The physician establishes a written
plan of care for the patient and supervises the plan in conjunction with the home health
agency. The physician must sign the plan of care initially and review and sign it every
60 days. The plan of care becomes a permanent part of the patient’s records. It must be
kept on file at the home health agency. If any changes in the plan of treatment are
ordered by the physician, these changes must also be signed. They may be given
verbally by the physician, and then reduced to writing by the registered nurse or
qualified therapist (who must date and sign the changes); however, the physician must
countersign the order as soon as possible thereafter.
The plan of care must cover all pertinent diagnoses and include the following
information:
•
Mental status
•
Types of professional services needed
•
Frequency of visits
•
Prognosis as a result of the services
•
Rehabilitation potential
•
Functional limitations
•
Activities permitted
•
Nutritional requirements
•
Medication and treatments
•
Any safety measures to protect against injury
•
Instruction for timely discharge or referral
Specific therapy services - This should include the specific procedures and modalities to
be used, and the amount, frequency and duration of the therapies.
The plan of care is reviewed periodically by the physician and home health agency
personnel. The agency professional staff is responsible for promptly reporting to the
physician any changes in the patient’s condition which would warrant altering the plan
of care.
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13.2.2
Nursing Care Services
Nursing care services provided on a part-time or intermittent basis by a home health
agency or, in the case where no agency exists in the area, by a registered nurse
employed or contracted by the home health agency, are covered. Nursing services must
be provided in accordance with the physician’s plan of care.
13.3.3
Registered Nurse Services
Skilled nursing care consists of those services reasonable and necessary to the
treatment of an illness or injury and for evaluation and assessment of the patient’s
condition. These services must be performed by or under the direct supervision of a
licensed nurse in accordance with the current Nurse Practice Act (State Law) and the
individual home health agency policy. Skilled services are covered for patients who have
reached a maintenance level but are able to remain in the home if supervised
periodically by an RN or therapist.
13.3.4
Licensed Practical Nurse Services
Intermittent or part-time nursing services may be provided to a patient by a licensed
practical nurse when these services are ordered by the patient’s physician and the
licensed practical nurse is working under the direction of the registered nurse. LPN
services are assigned and provided in accordance with the current Nurse Practice Act
(State Law) and individual home health agency policy. Duties of a licensed practical
nurse may include preparing clinical and progress notes, assisting the physician and/or
registered nurse in performing specialized procedures, preparing equipment and
materials for treatment, observing aseptic techniques as required, and assisting the
patient in learning appropriate self-care techniques.
13.3.5
Home Health Aide Services
Home health aide services can be provided even if a skilled service is not needed;
however, a registered nurse or appropriate therapist must make a supervisory visit
every 2 weeks. The primary function of a home health aide is the personal care of a
patient. The home health aide is assigned to a particular patient by the nurse or
therapist. Written instructions for the patient’s care are prepared by a registered nurse
or therapist as appropriate. Routine small cost items such as cotton balls and tongue
depressors are included in the home visit charges and will not be paid for separately.
13.3.6
Personal Duties
Personal duties provided in accordance with the written plan of care by the home health
aide include medical assistance, assistance in the activities of daily living, such as
helping the patient to bathe, to get in and out of bed, to care for hair and teeth, to
exercise, assisting the patient in taking medicines specifically ordered by the physician
which are ordinarily self-administered, retraining the patient in necessary self-help
skills, and assisting with provision and maintenance of a desirable physical
environment for the patient in his home.
13.3.7
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Medical duties include taking temperature, pulse, respirations and blood pressure,
weighing the patient, reporting changes in the patient’s conditions and needs, and
completing appropriate records for the home health agency.
13.3.8
Household Services
Household services that are essential to the patient’s health care and incidental to the
medical care of the patient, such as light housekeeping, meal preparation, laundering
essential to the comfort of the patient, etc. are considered covered services of a home
health aide when these activities can be documented as a necessary adjunct to the
patient’s prescribed therapeutic plan of care. Light housekeeping may include, changing
the bed, light cleaning, and rearrangement of room furnishings to accommodate
patient’s needs. Meal preparation, meeting patient’s nutritional needs, may include
purchase of food, meal preparation, and washing of utensils. Laundering may include
being sure the patient has clean articles such as stump socks for amputees, elastic
stockings, sleepwear, or undergarments for the incapacitated patient.
13.3.9
Hospice
Vermont Medicaid reimburses for hospice services provided to patients in nursing
homes. Under federal regulations, hospice providers who contract with nursing homes
to provide services become responsible for management of the patient’s care and billing
for all services, including the room and board normally paid to the nursing home. The
revenue code 659 should be used for these hospice services and the name of the nursing
home should be entered in field locator 80. Vermont Medicaid pays the hospice a rate
which is equal to 95% of the nursing home’s established per diem rate, and the hospice
in turn, pays the nursing home.
The date of death is not eligible for reimbursement from Vermont Medicaid.
13.4.0
Respite Billing
Only provider types of Aged/Disabled Waiver, with Waiver indicated as provider
specialty, may bill for respite care. Providers billing for respite must select a type of bill
from the following:
1. Type of Facility
8-Hospice or Special Facility
2. Bill Classification
6-Respite
3. Frequency
1-Admit through discharge claim
2-Interim-first claim
3-Interim-continuity claim
4-Interim-last claim
For additional information, please refer to: http://ddas.vermont.gov/ddaspolicies/policies-cfc/policies-cfc-highest/policies-cfc-highest-manual.
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13.4.1
Telemonitoring
Home Telemonitoring is a health service that allows and requires scheduled remote
monitoring of data related to an individual’s health, and transmission of the data from
the individual’s home to a licensed home health agency. Scheduled periodic reporting of
the individual’s data to a licensed physician is required, even when there have been no
readings outside the parameters established in the physician’s orders.
Eligibility Criteria:
Individuals receiving Medicaid telemonitoring services must:
•
Have Medicaid as primary insurance or be dually-eligible with “non-home bound”
status; and
•
Have Congestive Heart Failure (any diagnosis; 428.xx); and
•
Be clinically eligible for home health services; and
•
Have a physician’s plan of care with an order for telemonitoring services.
Qualified Providers:
A qualified telemonitoring provider must be a designated home health agency and
enrolled in Vermont Medicaid.
Providers must use the following licensed health care professionals to review data:
•
Registered nurse (RN)
•
Nurse practitioner (NP)
•
Clinical nurse specialist (CNS)
•
Licensed practical nurse (LPN), under the supervision of an RN
•
Physician assistant (PA)
Providers must follow data parameters established by a licensed physician’s plan
of care.
In the event of a measurement outside of the established individual’s parameters, the
provider shall use the health care professionals noted above to be responsible for
reporting the data to a physician.
The data transmission must comply with standards set by the Health Insurance
Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA).
Reimbursement
When Telemonitoring services are provided to clinical eligible Medicaid patients,
qualified providers may bill CPT S9110 for once every 30 days for telemonitoring of
patient in their home, including all necessary equipment; computer system, connections,
and software; maintenance; patient education and support; per month. CPT 98969 may
be billed once every 7 days for ongoing assessment and management of telemonitoring
data.
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13.3
Home Health Agency & Hospice Services Billing Instructions/Field
Locators
All information on the UB-04 Claim Form should be typed or legibly printed. The fields
listed below are used by HP when processing Vermont Medicaid claims. The fields
designated by an asterisk (*) are mandatory; other fields are required when applicable.
Only the fields listed below are used in the Vermont Medicaid Program; other fields do
not need to be completed. See Section 12.3 Patient Share (Applied Income) Reporting.
FIELD LOCATORS
REQUIRED INFORMATION
1. UNLABELED FIELD*
Enter the Home Health Agency name and
address as it appears on the Vermont
Medicaid Provider Enrollment form.
2. UNLABELED FIELD
Enter pay to name and pay to address
3a. PATIENT CONTROL #
For accounting purposes, enter the patient
control # in the field locator. The number may
consist of up to 24 characters, alpha/numeric.
This information will appear on the
Remittance Advice (RA).
3b. MEDICAL RECORD #
Enter patient’s medical record #.
4. TYPE OF BILL*
Enter the code indicating the specific type of
bill for Home Health. The sequence is as
follows:
1. Type of facility
3-Home Health
8-Hospice or Special Facility
2. Bill Classification
1-Hospice (Non-hospital based)
2-Hospice (Hospital based)
2-Home Health
4-Ambulatory Surgical Center
6-Respite
3. Frequency
1-Admit through discharge claim
2-Interim-first claim
3-Interim-continuity claim
4-Interim-last claim
5-Late charge(s) only
6. STATEMENT COVERS PERIOD*
Enter the from and through service dates.
8b. PATIENT’S NAME*
Enter the patient’s last name, first name and
middle initial.
10. BIRTHDATE
Enter the date of birth
12. ADMISSION DATE*
Enter date of admission
13. ADMISSION HOUR
Enter the hour in which patient was admitted.
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14. ADMISSION TYPE
Enter the code indicating the priority of the
admission:
1-Emergency
2-Urgent
3-Elective
4-Nursery
17. STAT*
Enter the two digit code indicating the
patient’s status as of the statement period.
18-28. CONDITONS CODES
Enter code to identify if condition is related to
the following (*PSRO code is mandatory):
02-Conditon is Employment Related
A1-EPSDT Related Services
A4-Family Planning Related Services
*If the patient is found to have Medicare
benefits that would not cover the home
health visit for one of the following
reason, enter the condition code:
M3-Not home bound
M4-Non-chronic
M5-Non-acute
31-34. OCCURRENCE CODE & DATE*
Enter one of the following two digit accident
codes, and the corresponding occurrence date,
if applicable or 52 if no other applies:
01-Auto Accident
02-Auto Accident/No Fault Insurance
Involved
03-Accident/Tort Liability
04-Accident/Employment Related
05-Other Accident
06-Crime Victim
11-No Accident/Onset of Symptoms or
Illness
35-Physical Therapy
42-Date of Discharge
44-Occupational Therapy
45-Speech Therapy
50-Medical Emergency- Non-accidental
51-Outpatient Surgery Related
52-Not an Accident
42. REVENUE CODES*
Enter the appropriate revenue code for the
service provided. Each date of service must be
entered separately at the detail.
45. SERVICE DATE*
Enter the actual date the service was
rendered. Enter the from date of the span of
consecutive service dates being billed.
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46. SERVICE UNITS*
Enter the number of visits or units of time for
which reimbursement is being requested.
Nursing care and therapy services are
reimbursed on a per visit basis. One visit= 1
unit. Home Health Aide services are
reimbursed in 15 minute units; therefore,
enter total number of units the aide was in the
home (i.e. 45 minutes= 3 units.)
47. TOTAL CHARGES*
Enter the total charges pertaining to each
code billed for the current billing period. Add
the total charges for all revenue codes being
billed and enter at the bottom of column 47 in
the total field. (detail line 23)
50. PAYER*
Enter “Medicare” or “Spend Down” (if spend
down amount applies to the claim.) on 50a if
Medicare is the primary payer. On 50b, enter
the other insurance name if applicable. Enter
“Vermont Medicaid” on 50c.
54. PRIOR PAYMENTS*
Enter the payment amount associated with
the payer listed in field locator 50. Attach
spend down Notice of Decision.
Documentation must be attached if there was
no payment, if the services are not covered by
the third party.
55. ESTIMATED AMOUNT DUE
Enter the amount due after deducting any
amount entered in field locator 54 from the
total entered at the bottom of column 47.
56. NPI*
Enter the BILLING provider’s NPI number.
57a. TAXONOMY CODE(S)
Enter the BILLING provider’s Taxonomy
Code.
57c. VERMONT MEDICAID ID #
Atypical providers, enter your Vermont
Medicaid billing provider number.
60. INSURED'S MEMBER ID*
Enter the member's Vermont Medicaid ID #.
67. PRINCIPAL DIAGNOSES CODE*
Enter the primary diagnosis code. Use the
appropriate ICD-9-CM code.
67 a-q. OTHER DIAGNOSES CODES
Enter the appropriate ICD-9-CM codes for any
condition other than primary, which requires
supplementary treatment.
74. PRINCIPAL PROCEDURE CODE & DATE
Enter the appropriate ICD-9-CM procedure
code and corresponding date.
74 a-e. OTHER PROCEDURE CODE & DATE
Enter the appropriate ICD-9-CM procedure
codes and dates other than the principal
procedure performed.
76. ATTENDING PHYSICIAN NPI*
Enter the individual Attending Physician’s
NPI number.
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If billing with a Vermont Medicaid ID #, leave
the NPI field blank and enter the Vermont
Medicaid ID # to the right of the qualifier box.
78-79. OTHER PHYSICIAN NPI
Enter the Vermont Medicaid ID # of the
physician who the patient was referred to for
further treatment if applicable.
80. REMARKS
Enter any notations relating specific
information necessary to adjudicate the claim.
81CCa.
Enter the taxonomy code for the attending
provider. Must correspond with the NPI
number in field locator 76.
13.4
Adult Day Services Billing Instructions/Field Locators
All information on the UB-04 claim form should be typed or legibly printed. The fields listed below are
used by HP when processing Vermont Medicaid claims. The fields designated by an asterisk (*) are
mandatory; other fields are required when applicable. Only the fields listed below are used in the
Vermont Medicaid Program; other fields do not need to be completed.
FIELD LOCATOR
REQUIRED INFORMATION
1. UNLABELED FIELD*
Enter your Provider name and address as it
appears on the Vermont Medicaid Provider
Enrollment form.
2. UNLABELED FIELD
Enter pay to name and pay to address
3a. PATIENT CONTROL #
For accounting purposes, enter the patient
control # in the field locator. The number may
consist of up to 24 characters, alpha/numeric.
This information will appear on the
Remittance Advice (RA).
3b. MEDICAL RECORD #
Enter patient’s medical record #.
4. TYPE OF BILL*
Enter the code indicating the specific type of
bill for Enhanced Residential Care. The
sequence is as follows:
1. Type of facility
3-Home Health
2. Bill Classification
1-Hospice (Non-hospital based)}
2-Hospice (Hospital based)
2-Home Health
4-Ambulatory Surgical Center
3. Frequency
1-Admit through discharge claim
2-Interim-first claim
3-Interim-continuity claim
4-Interim-last claim
5-Late charge(s) only
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6. STATEMENT COVERS PERIOD*
Enter the from and through service dates.
8b. PATIENT’S NAME*
Enter the patient’s last name, first name,
middle initial.
10. BIRTHDATE
Enter the date of birth
12. ADMISSION DATE*
Enter date of admission
13. ADMISSION HOUR*
Enter the hour in which patient was admitted
14. ADMISSION TYPE*
Enter the code indicating the priority of the
admission:
1-Emergency
2-Urgent
3-Elective
4-Nursery
17. STAT*
Enter the two digit code indicating the
patient’s status as of the ‘through date’ of the
statement period.
18-28. CONDITONS CODES* Enter code to
identify if condition is related
to the following (*PSRO code is mandatory):
02-Conditon is Employment Related
A1-EPSDT Related Services
A4-Family Planning Related Services
*If the patient is found to have Medicare
benefits that would not cover the home
health visit for one of the following
reasons, enter the condition code
M3-Not home bound
M4-Non-chronic
M5-Non-acute
31-34. OCCURRENCE CODE & DATE*
Enter one of the following two digit accident
codes, and the corresponding occurrence date,
if applicable or 52 if no other applies:
01-Auto Accident
02-Auto Accident/No Fault Insurance
Involved
03-Accident/Tort Liability
04-Accident/Employment Related
05-Other Accident
06-Crime Victim
11-No Accident/Onset of Symptoms or
Illness
42-Date of Discharge
50-Medical Emergency-Non-accidental
51-Outpatient Surgery Related
52-Not an Accident
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39. VALUE CODES AMOUNT*
Enter the number of covered days mandatory
for Residential Care Facility only in the
amount/dollar column.
42. REVENUE CODES*
Enter the appropriate revenue code for the
service provided.
45. SERVICE DATE*
Enter the ‘FROM’ date of the span of
consecutive service dates being billed.
46. SERVICE UNITS*
Enter the number of units which
reimbursement is being requested.
47. TOTAL CHARGES*
Enter the total charges pertaining to each
revenue code billed for the current billing
period. Add the total charges for all revenue
codes being billed and enter at the bottom of
column 47 in the total field. (detail line 23)
50. PAYER NAME*
Enter “Medicare” or “Spend Down” (if spend
down amount applies to the claim.) on 50a if
Medicare is the primary payer. On 50b, enter
the other insurance name if applicable. Enter
“Vermont Medicaid” on 50c.
54. PRIOR PAYMENTS*
Enter the payment amount associated with
the payer listed in field locator 50. Attach
spend down Notice of Decision.
Documentation must be attached if there was
no payment, if the services are not covered by
the third party.
55. ESTIMATED. AMTOUNT DUE
Enter the amount due after deducting any
amount entered in field locator 54 from the
total entered at the bottom of column 47.
56. NPI*
Enter the BILLING provider’s NPI number.
57a. TAXONOMY CODE(S)
Enter the BILLING provider’s Taxonomy
Code when applicable.
57c. VERMONT MEDICAID ID #
Atypical providers, enter your Vermont
Medicaid billing provider number.
60. INSURED'S MEMBER ID*
Enter the member's Vermont
Medicaid ID #.
67. PRINCIPAL DIAGNOSES CODE*
Enter the primary diagnosis code. Use the
appropriate ICD-9-CM code.
67 a-q. OTHER DIAGNOSES CODES
Enter the appropriate ICD-9-CM codes for any
condition other than primary, which requires
supplementary treatment.
69. ADMITTING DIAGNOSES CODE*
Enter the admitting diagnosis code.
74. PRINCIPAL PROCEDURE CODE & DATE
Enter the appropriate ICD-9-CM procedure
code and corresponding date.
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74 a-e. OTHER PROCEDURE CODE & DATE
Enter the appropriate ICD-9-CM procedure
codes and dates other than the principal
procedure performed.
76. ATTENDING PHSYICIAN NPI*
If billing with a Vermont Medicaid ID #, leave
the NPI field blank and enter the Vermont
Medicaid ID # to the right of the qualifier box.
77. OPERATING PHYSICIAN. NPI
Enter the Vermont Medicaid ID # of the
Operating Physician
78-79. OTHER PHYSICIAN NPI
Enter the Vermont Medicaid ID # of the
physician who the patient was referred to for
further treatment if applicable.
80. REMARKS
Enter any notations relating specific
information necessary to adjudicate the claim.
81CCa.
Enter the taxonomy code for the attending
provider. Must correspond with the NPI
number in field locator 76.
Section 14 Assistive Community Care Services (ACCS)
The below General Billing Instruction applies to all Assistive Community Care Services Choices for Care Programs (ACCS) for licensed Level III and Assisted Living Residences.
14.1
Revenue Code & Date Span Billing
ACCS providers must bill revenue code 0098 assigned by the Department of Disabilities,
Aging and Independent Living (DAIL) in field locator 42. Only consecutive days may be
billed in field locator 6. If there is a gap in service during a billing period, you must
submit separate claims for each span of days. The day of admission is paid but the day of
discharge is not paid. Please find the examples below.
Example 1: (Continuous Stay)
Patient in the facility July 1, 2013 through July 31, 2013.
You would submit as follows:
Single claim
Field locator 6= 07/01/13 to 07/31/13
042=0098
Field locator 46= 31 units
Example 2: (Leave Days)
Patient in the facility July 1, 2013 but leaves on July 15th to visit with family members. Patient returns
on July 20th through July 31, 2013.
Submit two claims as follows:
First claim
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Field locator 6=07/01/13 to 07/15/13
Field locator 42= 0098
Field locator 46= 15 units
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Second claim
Field locator 6= 07/20/13 to 07/31/13
Field locator 42= 0098
Field locator 46= 5 units
Example 3: (Hospital Visit)
Patient in the facility July 1, 2013 but is discharged to the hospital on July 10th. Patient returns on July
27th through July 31, 2013.
Submit two claims as follows:
First claim
Field locator 6= 07/01/13 to 07/10/13
Field locator 42= 0098
Field locator 46= 9 units
Second claim
Field locator 6= 07/27/13 to 07/31/13
Field locator 42= 0098
Field locator 46= 12 units
Example 4: (Multiple Breaks)
Patient in the facility July 1, 2013 but is discharged to the hospital on July 10th. Patient returns on July
13th but leaves with family on July 16th. Patient returns on July 18th through July 31, 2013.
Submit three claims as follows:
First claim
Field locator6= 07/01/13 to 07/10/13
Field locator 42= 0098
Field locator 46= 9 units
Second claim
Field locator 6= 07/13/13 to 07/16/13
Field locator 42= 0098
Field locator 46= 4 units
Third claim
Field locator 6= 07/18/13 to 07/31/13
Field locator 42= 0098
Field locator 46= 14 units
14.2
Assistive Community Care Services (ACCS) Billing Instructions/Field
Locators
All information on the UB-04 claim form is to be typed or legibly printed. The fields listed
below are used by HPES when processing Vermont Medicaid claims. The fields
designated by an asterisk (*) are mandatory; other fields are required when applicable.
Only the fields listed below are used in the Vermont Medicaid Program; other fields do
not need to be completed.
FIELD LOCATORS
REQUIRED INFORMATION
1. UNLABELED FIELD*
Enter your Provider name and address as it
appears on the Vermont Medicaid Provider
Enrollment form.
2. UNLABELED FIELD
Enter “Assistive Community Care Services”.
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3a. PATIENT CONTROL #
For accounting purposes, enter the patient
control # in the field locator. The number may
consist of up to 24 characters, alpha/numeric.
This information will appear on the
Remittance Advice (RA).
3b. MEDICAL RECORD #
Enter patient’s medical record #.
4. TYPE OF BILL*
Enter the code indicating the specific type of
bill for Enhanced Residential Care. The
sequence is as follows:
1. Type of facility
3-Home Health or Residential Care
Facility
2. Bill Classification
2- Home Health or ACCS
3. Frequency
1-Admit through discharge claim
2-Interim-first claim
3-Interim-continuity claim
4-Interim-last claim
5-Late charge(s) only
6. STATEMENT COVERS PERIOD*
Enter the beginning and ending service dates
included on the bill.
8b. PATIENT’S NAME*
Enter the patient’s last name, first name,
middle initial.
10. BIRTHDATE
Enter the date of birth
12. ADMISSION DATE*
Enter date of admission
13. ADMISSION HOUR*
Enter the hour in which patient was admitted
14. ADMISSION TYPE*
Enter the code indicating the priority of the
admission:
1-Emergency
2-Urgent
3-Elective
4-Nursery
16. DISCHARGE HOUR
Enter the hour in which patient was
Discharged
17. STAT*
Enter the two digit code indicating the
patient’s status as of the ‘through date’ of the
statement period.
18-28. CONDITONS CODES*
Enter code to identify if condition is related to
the following (*PSRO code is mandatory):
02-Conditon is Employment Related
A1-EPSDT Related Services
A4-Family Planning Related Services
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31-34. OCCURRENCE CODE & DATE*
Enter one of the following two digit accident
codes, and the corresponding occurrence date,
if applicable or 52 if no other applies:
01-Auto Accident
02-Auto Accident/No Fault Insurance
Involved
03-Accident/Tort Liability
04-Accident/Employment Related
05-Other Accident
06-Crime Victim
11-No Accident/Onset of Symptoms or
Illness
42-Date of Discharge
50-Medical Emergency-Non-accidental
51-Outpatient Surgery Related
52-Not an Accident
39. VALUE CODES AMOUNT*
Enter the number of covered days mandatory
for Residential Care Facility only in the
amount/dollar column. Do not count the day
of discharge or the date of death. (The
sum of all days should be equal to the
amount of days being billed.)
42. REVENUE CODES*
Enter the appropriate revenue code for the
service provided.
45. SERVICE DATE*
Enter the ‘FROM’ date of the span of
consecutive service dates being billed.
46. SERVICE UNITS*
Enter the number of units which
reimbursement is being requested. One visit=
1 units. Home Health Aide services are
reimbursed in 15 minute units, therefore,
enter total number of units that aide was in
the home (i.e. 45 minutes= 3 units).
47. TOTAL CHARGES*
Enter the total charges pertaining to each
revenue code billed for the current billing
period. Add the total charges for all revenue
codes being billed and enter at the bottom of
column 47 in the total field. (detail line 23)
50. PAYER NAME*
Enter “Medicare” or “Spend Down” (if spend
down amount applies to the claim.) on 50a if
Medicare is the primary payer. On 50b, enter
the other insurance name if applicable. Enter
“Vermont Medicaid” on 50c.
54. PRIOR PAYMENTS*
Enter the payment amount associated with
the payer listed in field locator 50. Attach
spend down Notice of Decision.
Documentation must be attached if there was
no payment, if the services are not covered by
the third party.
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55. ESTIMATED AMOUNT DUE
Enter the amount due after deducting any
amount entered in field locator 54 from the
total entered at the bottom of column 47.
56. NPI*
Enter the BILLING provider’s NPI number.
57a. TAXONOMY CODE(S)
Enter the BILLING provider’s Taxonomy
Code when applicable.
57c. VERMONT MEDICAID ID #
Atypical providers, enter your Vermont
Medicaid billing provider number.
60. INSURED'S MEMBER ID*
Enter the member's Vermont
Medicaid ID #.
67. PRINCIPAL DIAGNOSES CODE*
Enter the primary diagnosis code. Use the
appropriate ICD-9-CM code.
67 a-q. OTHER DIAGNOSES CODES
Enter the appropriate ICD-9-CM codes for any
condition other than primary, which requires
supplementary treatment.
69. ADMITTING DIAGNOSES CODE*
Enter the admitting diagnosis code.
74. PRINCIPAL PROCEDURE CODE & DATE
Enter the appropriate ICD-9-CM procedure
code and corresponding date.
74 a-e. OTHER PROCEDURE CODE & DATE
Enter the appropriate ICD-9-CM procedure
codes and dates other than the principal
procedure performed.
76. ATTENDING PHYSICIAN NPI*
Enter the individual Attending Physician’s
NPI number.
If billing with a Vermont Medicaid ID #, leave
the NPI field blank and enter the Vermont
Medicaid ID # to the right of the qualifier box.
77. OPERATING PHYSICIAN NPI
78-79. OTHER PHYSICIAN NPI
Enter the Vermont Medicaid ID # of the
physician who the patient was referred to for
further treatment if applicable.
80. REMARKS
Enter any notations relating specific
information necessary to adjudicate the claim.
81CCa.
Enter the taxonomy code for the attending
provider. Must correspond with the NPI
number in field locator 76.
Section 15 Choices for Care: Enhanced Residential Care (ERC)/Nursing
Facilities Home Based Waiver (HBW), Moderate Needs
Due to the implementation of the long-term care 1115 waiver, patient share obligations
will be automatically deducted from Vermont Medicaid claims starting with the first
claim of the month for nursing homes, ERC and home-based providers. All nursing home
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claims will cost avoid for Medicare unless the provider has indicated why the service was
not covered by Medicare. See Section 13.3 Patient Share (Applied Income) Reporting.
Eligibility for Choices for Care high/highest in all settings is based on specific clinical and
financial eligibility criteria and is determined through the Choices for Care application
process. Applications may be found at http://dcf.vermont.gov/esd/ltc_medicaid
Moderate Needs Program eligibility is based on clinical and financial criteria and is
limited to available provider funding. Applications can be found at
http://www.ddas.vermont.gov/ddas-programs/programs-cfc/programs-cfc-defaultpage#forms.
15.1
ERC Paper Claim Submission Billing Instructions/Field Locators
All information on the UB-04 claim form should be typed or legibly printed. The fields
listed below are used by HPES when processing Vermont Medicaid claims. The fields
designated by an asterisk (*) are mandatory; other fields are required when applicable.
Only the fields listed below are used in the Vermont Medicaid Program; other fields do
not need to be completed.
FIELD LOCATOR
REQUIRED INFORMATION
1. UNLABELED FIELD*
Enter your Provider name and address as it
appears on the Vermont Medicaid Provider
Enrollment form.
2. UNLABELED FIELD
Enter “Enhanced Residential Care”.
3a. PATIENT CONTROL #
For accounting purposes, enter the patient
control # in the field locator. The number may
consist of up to 24 characters, alpha/numeric.
This information will appear on the
Remittance Advice (RA).
3b. MEDICAL RECORD #
Enter patient’s medical record #.
4. TYPE OF BILL*
Enter the code indicating the specific type of
bill for Enhanced Residential Care. The
sequence is as follows:
1. Type of facility
3. Home Health or E.R.C
2. Bill Classification
2-Home Health or E.R.C
3. Frequency
1-Admit through discharge claim
2-Interim-first claim
3-Interim-continuity claim
4-Interim-last claim
5-Late charge(s) only
6. STATEMENT COVERS PERIOD*
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Enter the beginning and ending service dates
included on the bill.
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8b. PATIENT’S NAME*
Enter the patient’s last name, first name,
middle initial.
10. BIRTHDATE
Enter the date of birth
12. ADMISSION DATE*
Enter date of admission
13. ADMISSION HOUR*
Enter the hour in which patient was admitted
14. ADMISSION TYPE*
Enter the code indicating the priority of the
admission:
1-Emergency
2-Urgent
3-Elective
4-Nursery
16. DISCHARGE HOUR
Enter the hour in which patient was admitted.
17. STAT*
Enter the two digit code indicating the
patient’s status as of the ‘through date’ of the
statement period.
18-28. CONDITONS CODES
Enter code to identify if condition is related to
the following (*PSRO code is mandatory):
02-Conditon is Employment Related
A1-EPSDT Related Services
A4-Family Planning Related Services
29. ACCIDENT STATE
31-34. OCCURRENCE CODE & DATE*
Enter one of the following two digit accident
codes and the corresponding date when
applicable or 52 if no other applies:
01-Auto Accident
02-Auto Accident/No Fault Insurance
Involved
03-Accident/Tort Liability
04-Accident/Employment Related
05-Other Accident
06-Crime Victim
11-No Accident/Onset of Symptoms or
Illness
42-Date of Discharge
50-Medical Emergency-Non-accidental
51-Outpatient Surgery Related
52-Not an Accident
39. VALUE CODES AMOUNT
Enter the number of covered days in the
amount/dollar column. Do not count the day
of discharge or the date of death. (The
sum of all days should be equal to the
amount of days being billed.)
42. REVENUE CODES*
Enter the appropriate revenue code for the
service provided.
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45. SERVICE DATE*
Enter the ‘FROM’ date of the span of
consecutive service dates being billed.
46. SERVICE UNITS*
Enter the number of units which
reimbursement is being requested.
47. TOTAL CHARGES*
Enter the total charges pertaining to each
revenue code billed for the current billing
period. Add the total charges for all revenue
codes being billed and enter at the bottom of
column 47 in the total field. (detail line 23)
50. PAYER NAME*
Enter “Medicare” or “Spend Down” (if spend
down amount applies to the claim.) on 50a if
Medicare is the primary payer. On 50b, enter
the other insurance name if applicable. Enter
“Vermont Medicaid” on 50c.
54. PRIOR PAYMENTS*
Enter the payment amount associated with
the payer listed in field locator 50. Attach
spend down Notice of Decision.
Documentation must be attached if there was
no payment, if the services are not covered by
the third party.
55. ESTIMATED AMOUNT DUE
Enter the amount due after deducting any
amount entered in field locator 54 from the
total entered at the bottom of column 47.
56. NPI*
Enter the BILLING provider’s NPI number.
57a. TAXONOMY CODE(S)
Enter the BILLING provider’s Taxonomy
Code when applicable.
57c. VERMONT MEDICAID ID #
Atypical providers, enter your Vermont
Medicaid billing provider number.
60. INSURED'S MEMBER ID*
Enter the member's Vermont
Medicaid ID #.
67. PRINCIPAL DIAGNOSES CODE*
Enter the primary diagnosis code. Use the
appropriate ICD-9-CM code.
67 a-q. OTHER DIAGNOSES CODES
Enter the appropriate ICD-9-CM codes for any
condition other than primary, which requires
supplementary treatment.
74. PRINCIPAL PROCEDURE CODE & DATE
Enter the appropriate ICD-9-CM procedure
code and corresponding date.
74 a-e. OTHER PROCEDURE CODE & DATE
Enter the appropriate ICD-9-CM procedure
codes and dates other than the principal
procedure performed.
76. ATTENDING PHYSICIAN NPI*
Enter the individual Attending Physician’s
NPI number.
If billing with a Vermont Medicaid ID #, leave
the NPI field blank and enter the Vermont
Medicaid ID # to the right of the qualifier box.
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80. REMARKS
Enter any notations relating specific
information necessary to adjudicate the claim.
81CCa.
Enter the taxonomy code for the attending
provider. Must correspond with the NPI
number in field locator 76.
15.2
Choices for Care: Nursing Facilities - General Billing Information
15.2.1
Authorization for Care & Non-Covered Services
Eligibility for long-term care is based on income available for care, admission/discharge
status and the medical need for the long-term care.
Personal comfort items, such as the following, are not covered under the Vermont
Medicaid program:
•
Radio
•
Television
•
Telephone
•
Air conditioner
•
Beauty and barber services
•
Deodorant
•
Denture cream
•
Hair brush
If the member requests any personal comfort items, the member must be advised that
he or she will be charged. The facility may charge the member for store items secured
for the member such as magazines, newspapers, candy, tobacco and dry cleaning.
15.2.2
Member Placement Levels (RPL)
The following placement levels are used for specific classifications of long-term care
members in the DCF ACCESS system long panel:
010
NH Highest Coverage
011
ERC Highest Coverage
012
HCBS Highest Coverage
014
NH Highest Special
015
ERC Highest Special
016
Cash& Counseling High
020
NH High Coverage
021
ERC High Coverage
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022
HCBS High Coverage
030
HCBS Mod Coverage
040
NH Highest Rehab
The RPL is determined by DAIL and entered into the Access system by DCF
(high/highest needs) or DAIL (Moderate Needs Program). Placement is not
reported on the UB-04 claim form.
15.2.3
DME in Health Care Institutions
Payment will not be made for DME and supplies ordered by a physician when the
member is an inpatient in a health care institution, specifically a general or psychiatric
hospital, nursing facility, or intermediate care facility for the mentally retarded (ICFMR). In these cases, the all-inclusive payment made to these facilities includes the
equipment and supplies used by the members.
The one exception is that payment will be made for a seating system, including required
accessories, for an individual residing in a long-term care facility when the seating
system is prescribed by a masters or doctoral level physical or occupational therapist
trained in rehabilitative equipment and is so unique to the individual that it would not
be useful to other nursing home residents. Cushions not integral to the seating system
are not covered by this exception.
Payment for orthotics and prosthetics, including ostomy supplies and elastic stockings,
may be made to the DME vendor when furnished to members in residential facilities,
including nursing homes. The doctor and vendor must keep a medical necessity form
and/or order, completed by the physician, and/or other documentation of medical need in
the member’s record.
15.2.4
Duration of Coverage
A continuous period of long-term care residence begins in any long-term care facility
with the most recent:
•
Day of admission to the facility
•
Initial date of Vermont Medicaid eligibility
•
First day medical need for long-term care is established by the Utilization Review
•
Committee decision
Payment ends on the last day of eligibility, or the day before the day of discharge or
death.
15.2.5
Hold Bed
Payment for hold bed days, when a patient is hospitalized, is limited to six consecutive
days. A facility may bill for hold bed days when the following criteria are met:
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1. While the patient is Medicaid eligible
2. When the patient has been a resident of the nursing home and has been admitted
directly to a hospital
3. When the patient’s attending physician attests that the patient is expected to be
readmitted to the nursing home in ten days or less or when the hospital’s
discharge planning unit provides notice that the discharge will occur on a day
within the 10-day time limit AND
4. When the facility has no other licensed bed available that is also suitable to the
gender of the patient for whom the bed will be held. (Example: If the hospitalized
patient is male and there is no other male beds available, a hold bed day can be
billed even if one female bed is empty.)
Under hold bed restrictions, the Vermont Medicaid Program will not reimburse for the
following:
•
Leave of absences during a hold bed stay
•
Hold bed days for members with MR or MH admissions
•
Hold bed days for swing bed facilities.
A Discharge Notice must be completed if the member is unlikely to be able to return to
the nursing home or, if during the ten days, the member’s condition changes such that
he/she will not be able to return within the ten days. The date of discharge when a
hospital admission is needed is the date of admission to the hospital. If the member’s
condition changes the date of discharge is the day on which the determination was made
or the tenth day.
To bill for a hold bed situation, enter the appropriate revenue code (0185) in field locator
42 (Revenue Code). The hold bed start date is entered in field locator 45 (Service Date)
and the total number of days to be billed should be entered in field locator 46 (Service
Units). Enter total at the bottom of column 47 in the totals field.
Note: If separate nonconsecutive services occur, the provider must enter a separate
detail line with the appropriate revenue code for the service. For example:
Rev. Code & Description
Start Date
120
185
120
02/01/07
02/16/07
02/19/07
Room/Board
Hold Bed
Room/Board
Days/Units
15
3
10
Billed Amount
$1500.00
$ 300.00
$1000.00
When billing a Hold Bed claim electronically, the information below is required in the
claim note section.
Claim Note Section:
The information in the notes segment must state: CERT FORM and to and from dates
the facility was at maximum licensed occupancy. Electronic claims submitted without
this information will be denied.
Providers submitting a Hold Bed claim on paper are required to include an Occupancy
Certification Form stating that the nursing home would otherwise be at its maximum
licensed occupancy. Paper claims submitted without the Occupancy Certification Form
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will be denied.
15.2.6
Leave of Absence
Leave days are counted by nights away from the facility for the purpose of a home visit.
The maximum number of leave days is 24 per calendar year. If a patient is gone the
night of the 4th, both the start date and the end date would be the 4th. If the patient
leaves the 4th and returns on the 6th, the start date would be the 4th and the end date
would be the 5th. The patient is considered back at the facility to sleep the night of the
6th.
To bill for a leave of absence situation, enter the appropriate revenue code (0182) in
field locator 42 (Revenue Code). The leave of absence start date is entered in field
locator 45 (Service Date) and the total number of days to be billed should be entered in
field locator 46 (Service Units). Enter total at the bottom of column 47 in the totals field.
If separate non-consecutive services occur, the provider must enter a separate detail
line with the appropriate revenue code for the service. For example:
Rev. Code
120
182
120
15.2.7
Description
Room/Board
Leave of Absence
Room/Board
Start Date
02/01/07
02/16/07
02/19/07
Days/Units
15
3
10
Billed Amount
$1500.00
$ 300.00
$1000.00
Nursing Home Claims & Patient Hospitalization
When a nursing home bills an entire month but the patient was hospitalized for a
portion of the billed month, the claim must be recouped and a corrected claim(s)
resubmitted.
If the criteria is met to bill a hold bed, follow the directions stated in the Hold Bed,
Section of this manual.
If the hold bed criteria is not met, 2 separate claims must be billed when a patient is
discharged from a nursing home and later readmitted into the same nursing home in
any one given month.
Do not send a partial refund for the days the patient is hospitalized; this will not correct
the actual days that the patient was at the nursing home and does not constitute correct
coding.
15.2.8
Patient Share in a Nursing Facility
Patient share amounts are deducted from nursing facilities the first claim of the month
when a member is still a patient. When the patient is discharged from a nursing facility
prior to month’s end, providers are required to adjust & recoup all claims paid for the
month of discharge and resubmit one claim for the entire month's service, using the
appropriate patient status code. The claim will then be processed and reimbursed
without the patient share deduction. See Section 13.3 Patient Share (Applied Income)
Reporting.
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15.2.9
Prior Payments
Providers are required to report all prior payments made on a claim. This includes
Patient Share, Medicare and all Third Party payments are to be totaled and recorded in
field locator 54b of the UB04 Claim Form.
15.2.10 Choices for Care Short-Term Respite Stays
Individuals enrolled in Choices for Care in the home or ERC settings may receive shortterm respite in a Vermont Medicaid licensed nursing facility by changing their Choices
for Care setting. This is done by notifying DCF and DAIL using the CFC 804 Change
Form. Once the DCF ACCESS long panel is updated with the nursing facility
information, the facility may bill Medicaid using the appropriate revenue code. (Respite
stays exceeding 30-days may trigger a change in patient share.
15.2.11 Services Included in Per Diem Rate
The services included in the per diem rate for the nursing facility are described in the
Division of Rate Setting’s reimbursement regulations. Please contact that division if you
are in need of a copy of the regulations. Regulations can be found online at:
http://humanservices.vermont.gov/departments/office-of-the-secretary/ahs-drs.
15.2.12 Short Term Stays
In an effort to better track accurate Medicaid expenditures associated with short and
long-term stays, Vermont Medicaid admissions with anticipated stay of less than 100
days should be coded as short-term stays using revenue code 128.
15.2.13 Nursing Facilities Billing Instructions/Field Locators
All information on the UB-04 Claim Form should be typed or legibly printed. The fields
listed below are used by HP when processing Vermont Medicaid claims. The fields
designated by an asterisk (*) are mandatory; other fields are required when applicable.
Only the fields listed below are used in the Vermont Medicaid Program; other fields do
not need to be completed.
FIELD LOCATORS
REQUIRED INFORMATION
1. UNLABELED FIELD*
Enter your Nursing Home name and address
as it appears on the Vermont Medicaid
Provider Enrollment form.
2. UNLABELED FIELD
Enter “Vermont Medicaid Nursing Home”.
3a. PATIENT CONTROL #
For accounting purposes, enter the patient
control # in the field locator. The number may
consist of up to 24 characters, alpha/numeric.
This information will appear on the
Remittance Advise (RA).
3b. MEDICAL RECORD #
Enter patient’s medical record #.
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4. TYPE OF BILL*
Enter the code indicating the specific type of
bill for Enhanced Residential Care. The
sequence is as follows:
1. Type of facility
2-Skilled Nursing
6-Intermediate Care
8-Respite Special Facility
2. Bill Classification
1-Inpatient (Part A)
2-Hospital Based or Inpatient (Part B)
(Included HHA visits under a Part
B plan of treatment)
5-Intermediate Care-Level I
6-Intermediate Care-Level II
7-Sub-Acute Inpatient (Revenue code 19X
required)
8-Swing Bed (used to indicate billing for
SNF level of care in a hospital with an
approved swing bed agreement).
3. Frequency
1-Admit through discharge claim
2-Interim-first claim
3-Interim-continuity claim
4-Interim-last claim
5-Late charge(s) only
6. STATEMENT COVERS PERIOD*
Enter the from and through service dates
8b. PATIENT’S NAME*
Enter the patient’s last name, first name and
middle initial.
10. BIRTHDATE
Enter the date of birth
12. ADMISSION DATE*
Enter date of admission
13. ADMISSION HOUR*
Enter the hour in which patient was admitted
14. SOURCE OF ADMISSION
Enter the appropriate source of admission
1. Physician referral
2. Clinic referral
3. HMO referral
4. Transfer from a Hospital
5. Transfer from a Skilled Nursing Facility
6. Transfer from another Health Care Facility
7. Emergency Room
8. Direction of the Court or Law
Enforcement
9. Information is not available.
A. Transfer from a Critical Access Hospital
B. Transfer from a Home Health Agency
16. DISCHARGE HOUR*
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Enter the hour in which patient was
discharged
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17. STAT*
Enter the two digit code indicating the
patient’s status as of the ‘through date’ of the
statement period.
18-28. CONDITONS CODES*
Enter code to identify if condition is related to
the following (*PSRO code is mandatory):
M1- Benefits Exhausted
M2- Non Qualifying Stay
31-34. OCCURRENCE CODE & DATE*
Enter one of the following two digit accident
codes and corresponding occurrence date if,
applicable or 52 if no other applies:
01-Auto Accident
02-Auto Accident/No Fault Insurance
Involved
03-Accident/Tort Liability
04-Accident/Employment Related
05-Other Accident
06-Crime Victim
11-No Accident/Onset of Symptoms or
Illness
42-Date of Discharge
50-Medical Emergency-Non-accidental
51-Outpatient Surgery Related
52-Not an Accident
39. VALUE CODES AMOUNT*
Enter the number of covered days in the
amount/dollar column. Do not count the day
of discharge or the date of death. (The
sum of all days should be equal to the
amount of days being billed.)
42. REVENUE CODES*
Enter the appropriate revenue code for the
service provided.
Acceptable room revenue codes are as follows:
0120= Room/Board/Semi-private, 2 beds
0128= Short-term stay/Rehab
0130= Room/Board/Semi-private, 3-4 beds
0182= Leave of Absence
0185= Hold Bed Days
45. SERVICE DATE*
Enter the appropriate start date of the
revenue code being billed for this detail
charge.
46. SERVICE UNITS*
Enter the number of days being billed for this
detail charge for the room charge and units of
service for any ancillary charges.
47. TOTAL CHARGES*
Enter the total charges pertaining to each
revenue code billed for the current billing
period. Add the total charges for all revenue
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codes being billed and enter at the bottom of
column 47 in the total field. (detail line 23)
50. PAYER*
Enter “Patient Share” in 50a, “Medicare” on
50b (if Medicare is the primary payer after
patient share.) If other third party, enter
name of insurer in 50b. Enter “Vermont
Medicaid” on 50c. As of DOS 10/01/05, claims
do not need to list patient share. This field
will be auto-populated.
54. PRIOR PAYMENTS*
Enter the payment amount associated with
the payer listed in field locator 50.
55. ESTIMATED AMOUNT DUE
Enter the amount due after deducting any
amount entered in field locator 54 from the
total entered at the bottom of column 47.
56. NPI*
Enter the BILLING provider’s NPI number.
57a. TAXONOMY CODE(S)
Enter the BILLING provider’s Taxonomy
Code when applicable.
57c. VERMONT MEDICAID ID #
Atypical providers, enter your Vermont
Medicaid billing provider number.
60. INSURED'S MEMBER ID*
Enter the member’s Vermont Medicaid ID #.
67. PRINCIPAL DIAGNOSES CODE*
Enter the primary diagnosis code. Use the
appropriate ICD-9-CM code.
67a-q. OTHER DIAGNOSES CODES
Enter the appropriate ICD-9-CM codes for any
condition other than primary, which requires
supplementary treatment.
69. ADMITTING DIAGNOSES CODE
Enter the admitting diagnosis code.
74. PRINCIPAL PROCEDURE CODE & DATE
Enter the appropriate ICD-9-CM procedure
code and corresponding date.
74 a-e. OTHER PROCEDURE CODE & DATE
Enter the appropriate ICD-9-CM procedure
codes and dates other than the principal
procedure performed.
76. ATTENDING PHYSICIAN*
Enter the individual Attending Physician’s
NPI number.
If billing with a Vermont Medicaid ID #, leave
the NPI field blank and enter the Vermont
Medicaid ID # to the right of the qualifier box.
80. REMARKS
Enter any notations relating specific
information necessary to adjudicate the claim.
81CCa.
Enter the taxonomy code for the attending
provider. Must correspond with the NPI
number in field locator 76.
15.3
Home Based Waiver (HBW) Billing Instructions/Field Locators
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This section applies to members receiving Choices for Care home based high/highest and
Moderate Needs services.
All information on the UB-04 claim form is to be typed or legibly printed. The fields listed
below are used by HPES when processing Vermont Medicaid claims. The fields
designated by an asterisk (*) are mandatory; other fields are required when applicable.
Only the fields listed below are used in the Vermont Medicaid Program; other fields do not need to
be completed.
FIELD LOCATORS
REQUIRED INFORMATION
1. UNLABELED FIELD*
Enter your Provider name and address as it
appears on the Vermont Medicaid Provider
Enrollment form.
2. UNLABELED FIELD
Enter “Home Based Waiver”.
3a. PATIENT CONTROL #
For accounting purposes, enter the patient
control # in the field locator. The number may
consist of up to 24 characters, alpha/numeric.
This information will appear on the
Remittance Advice (RA).
3b. MEDICAL RECORD #
Enter patient’s medical record #.
4. TYPE OF BILL*
Enter the code indicating the specific type of
bill for Enhanced Residential Care. The
sequence is as follows:
1. Type of facility
3-Home Health or H.B.W
2. Bill Classification
1-Hospice (Non-hospital based)
2-Hospice (Hospital based)
2-Home Health or H.B.W
4-Ambulatory Surgical Center
3. Frequency
1-Admit through discharge claim
2-Interim-first claim
3-Interim-continuity claim
4-Interim-last claim
5-Late charge(s) only
6. STATEMENT COVERS PERIOD*
Enter the from and through service dates
8b. PATIENT’S NAME*
Enter the patient’s last name, first name and
middle initial.
10. BIRTHDATE
Enter the date of birth
12. ADMISSION DATE*
Enter the date patient care started for Home
Based Waiver.
13. ADMISSION HOUR*
Enter the hour in which patient was admitted
14. ADMISSION TYPE*
Enter the code indicating the priority of the
admission:
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1-Emergency
2-Urgent
3-Elective
4-Nursery
17. STAT*
Enter the two digit code indicating the
patient’s status as of the ‘through date’ of the
statement period.
18-28. CONDITONS CODES* Enter code to
identify if condition is related to the following
(*PSRO code is mandatory):
02-Conditon is Employment Related
A1-EPSDT Related Services
A4-Family Planning Related Services
31-34. OCCURRENCE CODE & DATE*
Enter one of the following two digit accident
codes, and the corresponding occurrence date,
if applicable or 52 if no other applies:
01-Auto Accident
02-Auto Accident/No Fault Insurance
Involved
03-Accident/Tort Liability
04-Accident/Employment Related
05-Other Accident
06-Crime Victim
11-No Accident/Onset of Symptoms or
Illness
42-Date of Discharge
50-Medical Emergency-Non-accidental
51-Outpatient Surgery Related
52-Not an Accident
39. VALUE CODES*
Enter the number of covered days. Do not
count the day of discharge or the date of
death. (The sum of all days should be
equal to the amount of days being billed.)
42. REVENUE CODES*
Enter the appropriate revenue code for the
service provided.
45. SERVICE. DATE*
Enter the ‘FROM’ date of the span of
consecutive service dates being billed.
46. SERVICE. UNITS*
Enter the number of units which
reimbursement is being requested.
47. TOTAL CHARGES*
Enter the total charges pertaining to each
revenue code billed for the current billing
period. Add the total charges for all revenue
codes being billed and enter at the bottom of
column 47 in the total field. (detail line 23)
50. PAYER NAME*
Enter “Patient Liability” in 50a, “Medicare” on
50b (if Medicare is the primary payer after
Patient Share). If other third party, enter
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name of insurer in 50b. Enter “Vermont
Medicaid” on 50c. As of DOS 10/01/05, Claims
do not need to list patient share. This field
will be auto-populated.
54. PRIOR PAYMENTS*
Enter the payment amount associated with
the payer listed in field locator 50. Attach
spend down Notice of Decision.
Documentation must be attached if there was
no payment, if the services are not covered by
the third party.
55. ESTIMATED AMOUNT DUE
Enter the amount due after deducting any
amount entered in field locator 54 from the
total entered at the bottom of column 47.
56. NPI*
Enter the BILLING provider’s NPI number.
57a. TAXONOMY CODE(S)
Enter the BILLING provider’s Taxonomy
Code when applicable.
57c. VERMONT MEDICAID ID #
Atypical providers, enter your Vermont
Medicaid billing provider number.
60. INSURED'S MEMBER ID*
Enter the member’s Vermont
Medicaid ID #.
67. PRINCIPAL DIAGNOSES CODE*
Enter the primary diagnosis code. Use the
appropriate ICD-9-CM code.
67a-q. OTHER DIAGNOSES CODES
Enter the appropriate ICD-9-CM codes for any
condition other than primary, which requires
supplementary treatment.
69. ADMITTING DIAGNOSES CODE*
Enter the Admitting Diagnoses Code
74. PRINCIPAL PROCEDURE
Enter the appropriate ICD-9-CM procedure
code and corresponding date.
74a-e. OTHER PROCEDURE
Enter the appropriate ICD-9-CM procedure
codes and dates other than the principal
procedure performed.
76. ATTENDING PHYSICIAN*
Enter the individual Attending Physician’s
NPI number.
If billing with a Vermont Medicaid ID #, leave
the NPI field blank and enter the Vermont
Medicaid ID # to the right of the qualifier box.
80. REMARKS
Enter any notations relating specific
information necessary to adjudicate the claim
81CCa.
Enter the taxonomy code for the attending
provider. Must correspond with the NPI
number in field locator 76.
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Section 16 Program Integrity
16.1 Fraud
Medicaid pays only for services that are actually provided and that are medically
necessary. In filing a claim for reimbursement, the code(s) should be chosen that most
accurately describes the service that was provided. It is a felony under Vermont law
33VSA Sec. 141(d) knowingly to do, attempt, or aid and abet in any of the following
when seeking for receiving reimbursement from Vermont Medicaid:
•
Billing for services not rendered or more services than actually performed
•
Providing and billing for unnecessary services
•
Billing for a higher level of services than actually performed
•
Charging higher rates for services to Medicaid than other providers
•
Coding billing records to get more reimbursement
•
Misrepresenting an unallowable service on bill as another allowable service
•
Falsely diagnosing so Medicaid will pay more for services
Suspected fraud, waste or abuse should be reported to the DVHA Program Integrity Unit
at http://dvha.vermont.gov/for-providers/program-integrity, telephone (802) 879-5900 or
the Medicaid Fraud Control Unit of the Vermont’s Attorney General’s Office, telephone
(802) 828-5511.
16.2 Private Litigation
Providers are asked to notify Vermont Medicaid if they receive any information regarding
private litigation in which the DVHA may have an interest. These private litigations
might include malpractice suits involving Vermont Medicaid members, accident suits or
personal injury suits.
16.3 Sanctions
The DVHA may take administrative action against providers found in violation of
Vermont Medicaid policy. See section 7106 of the Medicaid Rules for regulatory details
pertaining to sanctions and appeals. A copy of Medicaid Rules is posted at
http://humanservices.vermont.gov/on-line-rules/dvha and at each DCF District Office
and at the state library in Montpelier.
16.4 Violations
Suspected violations of Vermont Medicaid policies should be reported to the Program
Integrity Unit (802) 879-5900. All information will be treated confidentially.
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Section 17 Other Provider Information
17.1 Provider Tax
State law requires payments, according to a schedule established by The Department of
Vermont Health Access (DVHA). If a health care provider fails to pay its assessments, the
commissioner may, after notice and opportunity for hearing, deduct these assessments
arrears and any late-payment penalties from Vermont Medicaid payments otherwise due
the provider pursuant to 33 V.S.A 1952(f).
The DVHA Commissioner retains the authority to adopt an alternative payment schedule
for your organization for good cause shown. If for some reason your financial position
demands an alternative payment schedule, you must seek and gain approval from the
Commissioner in advance of the due date.
Contact the Reimbursement Administrator if you have questions at (802) 879-5937.
Your payments should be mailed to:
Lockbox
State of Vermont State Agency of Human Services
Supplemental/Tax Assessment
PO Box 1335
Williston, VT 05495
17.2 Pharmacy Tax
A monthly assessment is due to the State of Vermont for each prescription fill or refill
sold by retail pharmacies. This applies to all scripts, and not only to Vermont Medicaid
scripts. The amount of the assessment is $0.10 for each prescription fill or refill. The
completed Pharmacy Assessment Monthly Documentation Form, available online at
http://dvha.vermont.gov/for-providers/pharmacy-forms along with additional
information regarding the tax, needs to accompany each monthly payment. Chain
pharmacies with more than one NPI number should complete a separate form for each
facility every month.
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