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A ll rights reserved
Contents
Welcome .......................................................................................................................................................................7
Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................8
Login...........................................................................................................................................................................10
Dashboard ...................................................................................................................................................................11
Dashboard Menu Options .......................................................................................................................................11
Toolbar ...................................................................................................................................................................13
Hiding the Toolbar..............................................................................................................................................14
Posts............................................................................................................................................................................16
Pages ...........................................................................................................................................................................18
Adding your Site Content ...........................................................................................................................................20
Adding a New Page ................................................................................................................................................20
Adding a New Post .................................................................................................................................................21
Adding Content with the Visual Editor ..................................................................................................................23
Switching to the Text Editor ...................................................................................................................................26
Changing your Post Format ....................................................................................................................................28
Reviewing Past Revisions ......................................................................................................................................29
Adding Images and Other Media................................................................................................................................32
Inserting an Image ..................................................................................................................................................32
Edit or Delete an Image ......................................................................................................................................37
Setting a Featured Image ........................................................................................................................................42
Insert an Image Gallery ..........................................................................................................................................44
Edit or Delete an Image Gallery .............................................................................................................................46
Inserting Video, Audio or Other File Type ............................................................................................................47
Embedding a Video, Image or Other Content ........................................................................................................48
Adding HTML Links ..................................................................................................................................................51
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Inserting an HTML Link ........................................................................................................................................51
Inserting Links to Media Files ............................................................................................................................52
Editing an HTML Link ...........................................................................................................................................54
Removing an HTML Link ......................................................................................................................................54
Editing Existing Content ............................................................................................................................................55
Deleting Content .........................................................................................................................................................56
Fullscreen Editing .......................................................................................................................................................58
Saving and Publishing Content...................................................................................................................................60
Categories ...................................................................................................................................................................62
Adding Categories within your Post .......................................................................................................................64
Tags ............................................................................................................................................................................65
Adding Tags within your Post ................................................................................................................................67
Media Library .............................................................................................................................................................69
Viewing a File in the Media Library ......................................................................................................................69
Adding a File to the Media Library ........................................................................................................................70
Editing the File Properties ......................................................................................................................................70
Editing an Image .................................................................................................................................................72
Deleting a File from the Media Library..................................................................................................................75
Comments ...................................................................................................................................................................76
Replying to a Comment ..........................................................................................................................................77
Editing a Comment .................................................................................................................................................80
Quick edit ...........................................................................................................................................................80
Edit .....................................................................................................................................................................80
Unapproving and Approving Comments ................................................................................................................81
Marking Comments as Spam and Trash .................................................................................................................82
Appearance .................................................................................................................................................................84
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Selecting your Theme .............................................................................................................................................84
Previewing and Customizing your Theme .........................................................................................................85
Widgets ...................................................................................................................................................................86
Updating the Menu .................................................................................................................................................88
Adding a New Menu...........................................................................................................................................90
Editing an Existing Menu Item ...........................................................................................................................90
Adding a New Menu Item ..................................................................................................................................92
Adding a Custom Link Menu Item .....................................................................................................................93
Deleting a Menu Item .........................................................................................................................................94
Managing Menu Locations .................................................................................................................................94
Header.....................................................................................................................................................................95
Background.............................................................................................................................................................95
Editor ......................................................................................................................................................................95
Plugins ........................................................................................................................................................................97
Users ...........................................................................................................................................................................99
Adding a New User ..............................................................................................................................................100
Deleting a User .....................................................................................................................................................102
Editing your Profile ..............................................................................................................................................102
Tools .........................................................................................................................................................................106
Press This..............................................................................................................................................................106
Categories and Tags Converter.............................................................................................................................106
Import ...................................................................................................................................................................106
Export ...................................................................................................................................................................106
Settings .....................................................................................................................................................................107
General .................................................................................................................................................................107
Writing..................................................................................................................................................................109
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Reading .................................................................................................................................................................110
Discussion.............................................................................................................................................................110
Media ....................................................................................................................................................................113
Permalinks ............................................................................................................................................................113
Where To From Here? ..............................................................................................................................................115
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Welcome
It might be easier to say what this guide isn’t, rather than what it is. It isn’t an in depth look at every single function available within the WordPress dashboard. Nor is it a guide to help you
develop or modify WordPress themes. My aim is to create a simple WordPress guide that will
help you to get an overall understanding of how you use the various features within the
WordPress Dashboard to keep your site or blog updated.
If you’re looking for more in-depth knowledge, there are heaps of articles in the WordPress
Codex that go into more detail. This is great if you want to get really involved in developing your
own WordPress theme or modifying your site with plugins, but it can be a bit daunting for those
users who just want a simple guide to using the Content Management side of WordPress or just
need to update their site pages every so often.
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Introduction
WordPress is an Open Source software system used by millions of people around the world to
create beautiful websites and blogs. It is completely customisable by the use of themes and
plugins.
“WordPress is web software you can use to create a beautiful website or blog. We like to say that WordPress is both free and priceless at the
same time.”
Themes can be easily downloaded from the WordPress site or from hundreds of other places
around the web. The same goes with plugins, which are used to extend the functionality of your
WordPress site.
WordPress is built around two basic concepts. Posts and Pages. Posts are typical blog entries. A
series of articles, listed (usually) reverse-chronologically. Pages are used for more static content
(i.e. content that doesn’t change or changes infrequently). An ‘About us’ page is an example of a Page on a typical website. In most cases you’ll find that the content in the ‘About us’ page doesn’t change all that frequently.
Now, you might be thinking, “but I don’t need a blog”. This might be true, but you can also use the blog concept if you have a site where you need to display your ‘latest news’ or even just
company updates. Basically, any information that gets updated on a semi-regular basis can
benefit from the ‘blog’ functionality. Whether that’s a traditional blog, your company’s ‘latest news’ or even just your own personal updates.
The following are just a very few examples of the millions of diverse sites powered by
WordPress...
Bata – http://www.bata.com
Bata is a family-owned global footwear and fashion accessory manufacturer and retailer with
acting headquarters located in Lausanne, Switzerland. The organisation has a retail presence in
over 70 countries and production facilities in 26 countries.
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Sweden’s Official Site – http://sweden.se
The website is the official source for facts about Sweden. It is publicly funded, with four
organisations behind it: the Swedish Institute; the Swedish Government Offices, including the
Ministry for Foreign Affairs and the Ministry of Enterprise, Energy and
Communications; Business Sweden; and VisitSweden.
Variety – http://variety.com
Recognized and respected throughout the world of show business, Variety is the premier source
of entertainment news. Since 1905, the most influential leaders in the industry have turned to
Variety for timely, credible and straightforward news and analysis — information vital to their
professions.
BBC America – http://www.bbcamerica.com
Presenting Britain’s best shows and groundbreaking American originals, BBC America is home
to brilliant television from both sides of the pond.
Georgia State University – http://www.gsu.edu
Georgia State’s website represents its colleges and schools, centers of creativity and discovery,
and provides visitors an opportunity to discover how Georgia State has a major impact on
Atlanta, the nation and the world.
Tech Crunch – http://techcrunch.com
TechCrunch, founded on June 11, 2005, is a weblog dedicated to obsessively profiling and
reviewing new Internet products and companies. In addition to covering new companies, they
profile existing companies that are making an impact (commercial and/or cultural) on the new
web space.
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Login
Before you can make any changes to your site, you will need to log in. The login for your site is
typically found at the following URL - http://your-wordpress-site.com/wp-admin. Obviously,
replace your-wordpress-site.com with your actual domain name.
There are exceptions to this of course. For instance, your WordPress setup maybe installed in a
subdirectory. For most standard setups though, you’ll find the above URL should work.
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Dashboard
Once you’ve logged in, the WordPress Dashboard appears. This is your main administration homepage. At the very top of your Dashboard (and across every page) you will see the name of
your site in the header area. In the example screenshot below (and throughout this
documentation) the site name is Your WordPress Site. This is also hyperlinked to your site's
homepage. You will also see the name of the person who is currently logged in (e.g. Joe Blogg).
Move your cursor over your name to reveal the Log Out link as well as a link to edit your Profile.
When new or updated features are introduced into WordPress, you’ll be shown a New Feature
Pointer. This is simply to bring to your attention some feature within the Dashboard that’s been added or updated. In the following Dashboard image, the New Feature Pointer is highlighting the
updated Toolbar. Click Dismiss to hide the pointer.
On most pages, just below your Username there are a couple of small inverted tabs. One called
Screen Options and another called Help. Clicking either of these links will cause a panel to slide
down from the top of the page. The Help link, not surprisingly, displays some help information.
The Screen Options link will display various options that allow you to configure what is
displayed on the current page. The details in this panel change depending on what page you’re currently viewing. As an example, on your main Dashboard page the Screen Options allow you to
set which panels you’d like displayed on the page.
Dashboard Menu Options
Down the left hand side of the Dashboard and on every page you will see your main navigation
menu. This is where you’ll find all the options to update and configure your site.
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Hovering your cursor over each of the main menu options will display a ‘fly-out’ menu with the
various choices for that particular menu option. Once you click each of the main menu options,
that particular menu will expand to show all the available options within that section (if there are
any).
The main menu options and their usage are:
Dashboard
This will display your main Dashboard ‘homepage’. In the top left of your Dashboard you’ll see some brief stats on the number of Posts, Pages and Comments. If you have the Akismet anti-spam
plugin activated, you’ll also see the number of Spam Comments or comments awaiting
moderation.
Posts
This is where you can create a new Blog Post. You can also update your Categories and Post
Tags.
Media
This is where all your uploaded images, documents or files are stored. You can browse through
your Media library, as well as edit and update the files.
Pages
This is where you create and maintain all your Pages.
Comments
You can manage all your Comments within this section, including replying to comments or
marking them as Spam.
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Appearance
This menu is where you control how your site looks. You can choose a new Theme, manage your
site Widgets or Menus and even edit your site theme files.
Plugins
Plugins extend and expand the functionality of WordPress. You can add or delete plugins within
here as well as activate or deactivate them.
Users
This screen lists all the existing users for your site. Depending on your Role, you can also add
new users as well as manage their Roles.
Tools
This section gives you access to various convenient tools. You can also import data to your
WordPress site or export all your WordPress data to a file.
Settings
This is where most of your site is configured. Among other things, it allows you to configure
your site name and URL , where your Posts appear, whether people can leave Post Comments or
not and numerous other settings. Most times, once your site is setup, there's no need to change
any of the settings within this section.
At the bottom of the menu you'll see a link called Collapse menu. Clicking this will hide the
menu and simply display their icons instead. Click the small arrow icon again to expand the
menu.
Occasionally when you install a Plugin, they will have their own configuration or setup pages.
The location of these will be entirely dependent on the individual Plugin but most times these
pages will either appear within the Tools section, the Settings section or in a completely new
menu section at the bottom of the menu.
Toolbar
The WordPress Toolbar is a way of easily accessing some of the most common WordPress
features. When you are logged into your WordPress dashboard and you visit your website, you
will see the Toolbar running across the top of your site. This bar only appears if you are currently
logged into your WordPress site, which means that it won’t be visible to your everyday site visitors. If you are not logged in, the Toolbar won’t be displayed.
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The Toolbar allows you to quickly access the following commonly used features.
Visit the WordPress.org website, Codex or Support forums
Display your site Dashboard and other commonly used menu options that allow you to
update your site Themes, Widgets, Menus and depending on your theme, Background and
Header
View or Edit your blog comments
Add a new Post, Media, Page or User
Edit the current Page or Post
Perform a site Search
View or Edit your Profile and logout from the WordPress Dashboard
Hiding the Toolbar
You can stop the Toolbar from displaying by modifying the preferences associated with your
Profile. Simply click on the Users link in the left hand navigation to display the list of Users.
From this list of Users, click your user name or click on the Edit link that appears beneath the
user name when hovering your cursor over each row. Alternatively, click on the Your Profile link
underneath the Users menu option in the left hand navigation or within the fly-out menu.
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When editing your Profile there is a Toolbar option as shown in the screen above.
Show Toolbar when viewing site – Checking this box will display the Toolbar at the very
top of your website (only for the person who is currently logged in)
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Posts
After clicking on the Posts menu option you'll be shown a list of Posts that your site contains.
Among the information displayed is the Post title, the Author, Categories, Tags, No. of
Comments and either the Date Published, Date Scheduled or the Date the Post was Last
Modified. The Posts screen will look similar to the screen below.
At the top of the page you can view how many Posts in total you have in your site, how many are
Published, Scheduled, Sticky, Pending, in Draft or in the Trash.
When hovering your cursor over each row, a few links will appear beneath the Post title.
Edit – Will allow you to edit your Post. This is the same as clicking on the Post title
Quick Edit – Allows you to edit basic Post information such as Title, Slug, Date plus a few
other options
Trash – Will send the Post to the Trash. Once the Trash is emptied, the page is deleted
View – Displays the Post. If the Post hasn’t been published yet, this will say Preview
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Next to each Post title is a checkbox. This allows you to perform an action on multiple items at
once. You simply check the Posts that you would like to affect and then from the Bulk Actions
dropdown select either the Edit option or the Move to Trash option and then click the Apply
button. The Edit option will allow you to edit the Categories, Tags, Author, whether to allow
Comments and Pings or not, the Status and whether or not the Posts are ‘Sticky’. The Move to
Trash option will move the selected items to the Trash.
You can also filter the pages that are displayed using the dropdown lists and the Filter button.
At the top of the list of Posts there are also two icons that change how the list is displayed. Click
the List View icon (
View icon (
) to display the posts in the traditional List View or click the Excerpt
) to display a short excerpt from the Post underneath the Post title.
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Pages
After clicking on the Pages menu option you'll be shown a list of Pages that your site contains.
Among the information displayed is the Page title, the Author, No. of Comments and either the
Date Published or the Date the Page was Last Modified. The Pages screen will look similar to
screen below.
At the top of the page you can view how many Pages in total you have in your site and how many
are Published or in Draft.
When hovering your cursor over each row, a few links will appear beneath the Page title.
Edit – Will allow you to edit your Page. This is the same as clicking on the Page title
Quick Edit – Allows you to edit basic Page information such as Title, Slug, Date plus a few
other options
Trash – Will send the Page to the Trash. Once the Trash is emptied, the page is deleted
View – Displays the Page. If the Page hasn’t been published yet, this will say Preview
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Next to each Page title is a checkbox. This allows you to perform an action on multiple items at
once. You simply check the Pages that you would like to affect and then from the Bulk Actions
dropdown select either the Edit option or the Move to Trash option and then click the Apply
button. The Edit option will allow you to edit the Author, Parent, Template, whether to allow
Comments or not and the Status of each of the checked items. The Move to Trash option will
move the selected items to the Trash.
You can also filter the pages that are displayed using the dropdown list and the Filter button.
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Adding your Site Content
Adding content to your site is an easy process no matter whether you’re creating a Post or a Page. The procedure for both is almost identical. Apart from how they display on your site, which was
described earlier, the other main difference is that Posts allow you to associate Categories and
Tags whereas Pages don’t. What’s the difference between categories and tags? Normally, Tags are ad-hoc keywords that identify important information in your Post (names, subjects, etc) that
may or may not recur in other Posts, while Categories are pre-determined sections. If you think of
your site like a book, the Categories are like the Table of Contents and the Tags are like the terms
in the index.
Adding a New Page
To add a new Page, hover your cursor over the Pages menu option in the left hand navigation
menu and in the fly-out menu, click the Add New link. Alternatively, click the Pages menu
option and then click the Add New link underneath, or the Add New button at the top of the page.
You will be presented with a page similar to the image below.
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Adding a New Post
To add a new Post, hover over the Posts menu option in the left hand navigation menu and in the
fly-out menu, click the Add New link. Alternatively, click the Posts menu option and then click
the Add New link underneath, or the Add New button at the top of the page. You will be
presented with a page similar to the image below.
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Adding Content with the Visual Editor
The editor used to enter content into your Page or Post is very easy to use. It’s much like using a regular word processor, with toolbar buttons that allow you to Bold (
) or Italicize (
)
text or enter in Headings (
) or bullet points (
). You can even use
most of the basic keyboard shortcuts used in other text editors. For example: Shift+Enter inserts a
line break, Ctrl+C/Cmd+C = copy, Ctrl+X/Cmd+X = cut, Ctrl+Z/Cmd+Z = undo,
Ctrl+Y/Cmd+Y = redo, Ctrl+A/Cmd+A = select all, etc. (use the Ctrl key on a PC or the
Command key on a Mac).
At the top of the editor there are two tabs, Visual and Text (
). These switch
the editor view between the Visual editor and the Text editor. The Text view will enable you to
view the HTML code that makes up your content. For the more experienced users this can be
helpful at times but for those not familiar with HTML tags, it’s not recommended.
When creating a new Page or Post, the first thing to do is enter in your title in the top entry field
where it says Enter title here. After moving the cursor down to the editor a new Permalink is
created for your page. Permalinks are the permanent URL’s to your individual Posts, Pages, Categories etc.. Though not usually necessary, you can manually edit your permalink by clicking
on the actual permalink (the part after the domain name with the yellow background) or by
clicking the Edit button next to it. Once you’ve modified it, click Ok to save or Cancel to cancel
your changes.
At the top of the editor where your content is written, there are numerous formatting buttons.
Clicking the Show/Hide Kitchen Sink button (
) will show or hide a second line of
formatting buttons which gives you extra functionality. The editor buttons perform the following
functions:
Add Media – Used to upload and insert media such as images, audio, video
or documents
Bold – Bold text
Italic – Italicise text
Strikethrough – Add a strikethrough to your text
Unordered List – Create an unordered (bullet point) list
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Ordered List – Create an Ordered (numbered) list
Blockquote – Used as a way of showing a quote. How this looks will be
entirely dependent on the Theme that your site is currently using
Align Left – Align text to the left
Align Center – Align text in the center of the page
Align Right – Align text to the right
Insert/edit link – Used to create an html link to another page or website.
The text or image that you want to link needs to be selected first before the
button will become active
Unlink – Remove the html link from the selected link. Your cursor must be
sitting on an active link for the button to be active
Insert More tag – Inserts the More tag into your Page. Most blogs only
display a small excerpt of a Post and you’re required to click the Post title or a ‘Read more...’ link to continue reading the rest of the article. When
you insert a ‘More’ tag into your Post, everything prior to the tag is considered as this excerpt. Most times you’d only use this button when you’re creating a blog Post, rather than a Page
Toggle fullscreen mode – Clicking this button will enlarge the editor so
that it fills the browser window. Clicking the Exit fullscreen link at the top
of the screen will reduce it back to its original size
Show/Hide Kitchen Sink – Used to show or hide the second row of
formatting buttons on the editor toolbar
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Style – Used to format the Page text based on the styles used by the current
Theme
Underline – Underline your text
Align Full – Align text on both the left and right (i.e. justify)
Select text color – Use to change the color of text
Paste as Plain Text – Copying and pasting text from other sites or word
processors sometimes leaves the text formatted differently to what you
were expecting. The reason for this is that quite often the html tags or
codes that formatted the original text are pasted along with the text itself.
To avoid this, Paste as Plain Text will strip all these formatting and html
tags. Checking the keep linebreaks checkbox will preserve all HTML <br
/> tags. Unchecking this option will remove them
Paste from Word – Pasting text from MS Word typically includes a huge
amount of extra unrequired HTML tags which usually leaves the text
formatted incorrectly. Using the Paste from Word option will remove these
additional tags and clean up the HTML
Remove formatting – Use this to remove all the formatting (e.g. Bold,
Underline, text color etc..) from the highlighted text
Insert custom character – Used to insert special characters not easily
accessible via the keyboard (e.g. ¼, ½, ¾, ©, €, ö etc..)
Outdent – Removes one level of indenting
Indent – Indents text by one level
Undo – Undo your last action
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Redo – Redo your last action
Help – Displays information about the WordPress visual editor along with
keyboard shortcuts
Visual/Text – Switches the editor view between the Visual Editor and the
Text editor. The Text view will enable you to view the HTML code that
makes up your content. For the more experienced users this can be helpful
at times but for those not familiar with HTML tags, it’s not recommended
Switching to the Text Editor
At the top of the editor there are two tabs, Visual and Text (
). These switch
the editor view between the Visual editor and the Text editor. The Text view will enable you to
view the HTML code that makes up your content. For the more experienced users this can be
helpful at times but for those not familiar with HTML tags, it’s not recommended.
The Text editor is much like the Visual editor, only not as intuitive. The numerous formatting
buttons provide you with basic HTML formatting capabilities when editing your Page or Post
content.
The buttons work in two ways. Clicking a button without highlighting any text first, will simply
insert the opening HTML tag relevant for that button. As an example, clicking the Bold button
will insert the <strong> HTML tag into your text. Clicking the Bold button again will close the
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tag by inserting the closing </strong> tag. If you highlight some text prior to clicking a button,
both the opening and closing tags will be inserted around that highlighted text. For example,
highlighting the text, ‘bold text’, prior to clicking the Bold button will insert ‘<strong>bold text</strong>’.
The following editor buttons are available whilst in the Text editor:
Bold – Bold text
Italic – Italicise text
Link – Used to insert a website link. When the button is clicked a popup
window will appear where you type in the URL that you would like to link
to
Blockquote – Used as a way of showing a quote. How this looks will be
entirely dependent on the Theme that your site is currently using
Delete – Used as a way of showing deleted text. How this looks will be
dependent on the Theme but is usually done by showing the text with a
strikethrough
Insert – Used as a way of showing inserted text. How this looks will be
dependent on the Theme but is usually done by showing the text with an
underline
Image – Used to insert an image into the text. When the button is clicked a
popup window will appear where you type in the URL of the image that
you would like inserted
Unordered List – Used to insert an unordered (bullet point) list
Ordered List – Used to insert an ordered (numbered) list
List Item – Used to insert a list item into your ordered or un-ordered list
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Code –Used for indicating a piece of code
More – Inserts the More tag into your Page. Most blogs only display a
small excerpt of a Post and you’re required to click the Post title or a ‘Read more...’ link to continue reading the rest of the article. When you insert a ‘More’ tag into your Post, everything prior to the tag is considered as this
excerpt. Most times you’d only use this button when you’re creating a blog Post, rather than a Page
Close Tags – Used to close open tags. If for example, you clicked both the
Bold and Italic buttons to insert their opening tags, clicking the Close tags
button will insert both of the matching closing tags, in the correct order
Toggle fullscreen mode – Clicking this button will enlarge the editor so
that it fills the browser window. Clicking the Exit fullscreen link at the top
of the screen will reduce it back to its original size
Changing your Post Format
A Post Format is meta information that can be used within a Theme to style or customise the
presentation of a Post. The Post Formats feature provides a standardised list of formats that are
available to all themes that support the feature. There is no requirement for Themes to support
every format on the list and new formats cannot be introduced by themes or even plugins. If your
Theme supports Post Formats you can choose how each Post looks by selecting a Post Format
from a list of radio buttons, similar to the following screen. If your Theme doesn’t support Post Formats then the Format panel won’t be displayed.
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While the actual post content entry won't change, the theme can use the selected Format to
display the post differently. How content is displayed is entirely up to the Theme, but the
following list of available Post Formats provides some general WordPress guidelines as to how
they might be styled.
Aside – Typically styled without a title. Similar to a Facebook note update
Audio – An audio file, such as a Podcast
Chat – A chat transcript
Gallery – A gallery of images. Post will likely contain a gallery shortcode and will have
image attachments
Image – A single image
Link – A link to another site
Quote – A quotation, most likely contained within a blockquote
Status – A short status update, similar to a Twitter status update
Video – A single video
Reviewing Past Revisions
When you’re editing your Post or Page, the number of revisions for that particular Post or Page is
shown in the Publish Panel, if you have any.
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Click the Browse link next to Revisions: in the Publish panel to browse through the various
revisions for the current Post or Page.
Use the slider at the top of the page or click the Previous and Next buttons to navigate through
your various Post or Page revisions.
Content that has been deleted will be shaded red and content that has been added will be shaded
green. If there is content that is shaded dark red and/or dark green, it’s highlighting specific
content that was removed or added. If the paragraph or line is simply light red and/or light green,
then the whole paragraph or line was affected by the change.
You can also compare two different revisions by clicking the Compare any two revisions
checkbox at the top of the page.
If you’d like to restore a previous revision, click the Restore This Revision button.
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Adding Images and Other Media
Adding images and other media files such as videos, documents or PDFs is extremely easy within
WordPress. All your images and files are stored in the Media Library. Once they’re uploaded into the Media Library, it’s a very simple matter to insert them into your Page or Post content. In the case of files such as Word Documents or PDFs, if necessary, it’s a simple process to create links to those files so that people can then download them.
Inserting an Image
Using the WordPress media manager, it’s extremely simple to insert, align and link your individual images and image galleries.
To insert an image into your Page/Post, click the Add Media button (
) and
then simply drag your image(s) from wherever they are on your computer, into the browser
window. Your file(s) will be automatically uploaded.
Alternatively, click the Select Files button and then select the file(s) that you’d like to upload, using the dialog window that is displayed.
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Once your image is uploaded, your Media Library, which contains all your previously uploaded
images, is displayed. The image(s) that you’ve just uploaded will be automatically ‘selected’ for easy insertion into your Page or Post. Selected images are shown with a ‘tick’ icon in the top right corner of the image.
After uploading your image(s), you can then select other previously uploaded images by holding
down the Ctrl key (Cmd key on Macs) and simply clicking on them. To deselect an image, click
the ‘tick’ in the top right corner of the image.
At the bottom of the window you will see a count of the number of images currently selected.
There are several options within this Insert Media window to help make it easier to add images
into your Page or Post.
By default, all previously uploaded images are shown, starting with the most recent uploads. If
you’d like to narrow this list down, at the top of the window is a dropdown list that allows you to
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filter your displayed images by All media items, items Uploaded to this post, or just Images,
Audio files or Video files. There is also a Search field that allows you to search for specific
images.
The properties of the currently highlighted image (i.e. The image with the blue border) will be
shown on the right-hand side of the Insert Media window. These properties include the filename,
the date the file was uploaded and the image size. It’s at this point you can also change the image
Title, Caption, Alt Text and Description for each image, as well as the Alignment, Link and the
Size at which the image is inserted.
Title – is displayed as a tooltip when the mouse cursor hovers over the image in the browser
Caption – is displayed underneath the image as a short description. How this displays will
be dependent on the WordPress theme in use at the time. You can also include basic HTML
in your captions
Alt Text – is displayed when the browser can’t render the image. It’s also used by screen readers for visually impaired users so it’s important to fill out this field with a description of the image. To a small degree, it also plays a part in your website Search Engine
Optimisation (SEO). Since search engines can’t ‘read’ images they rely on the Alt Text
Description – is usually displayed on the attachment page for the media, however this is
entirely up to the theme that is currently in use
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For each image, you can select how you would like the image aligned, either Left, Center or
Right aligned, using the Alignment dropdown list. You can also select None for no alignment
which will mean the image will display using the default alignment setting for your Theme.
You can also change what your inserted image(s) will link to using the Link To dropdown list.
You have the choice of linking to the image’s attachment page by selecting Attachment Page, or
you can link to the full size image by selecting Media File. You can also link to any URL by
selecting Custom URL. When you do this, a new field will appear that allows you to enter in the
custom URL. You can also choose not to link to anything by selecting None.
When your image(s) are uploaded, WordPress will also create several copies of your file at
various sizes. You can choose which one you’d like to insert into your Page or Post using the Size dropdown list. To insert the image at the exact size you uploaded, simply select Full Size.
Next to each size listed in this dropdown will be the actual dimensions of the image, in pixels
(e.g. 300 x 200).
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Once you’ve selected all your images, click the Insert into post button to insert the selected
image(s) into your Post at the current cursor position (when editing a Page, this button will say
Insert into page).
If you’d like to change the order of your images, click the Edit link at the bottom of the Insert
Media window. The window will change so that only the selected images are shown.
Alternatively, clicking the Clear link will deselect all images.
After clicking the Edit link at the bottom of the Insert Media window, all the currently selected
images are shown. You can change the order in which the images will appear in your Page or
Post by clicking and dragging each image to reorder them. You can also update the image Title,
Caption, Alt Text and Description for each image.
Clicking the Return to library button will take you back to the previous screen that allows you to
select or deselect your images.
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When you’re editing your Post/Page, if you wish to insert an image that you uploaded earlier (as opposed to uploading a new image), click the Add Media button again (
).
Once the popup window displays, click the Media Library link at the top of the pop-up window
rather than dragging a new file into the upload window. All your previously uploaded images will
be displayed, with the most recent ones shown first.
Select the image(s) that you’d like to insert into your Page or Post and then simply click the Insert
into post button. As mentioned earlier, you can also click the Edit link at the bottom of the
window if you’d like to change the order the images are inserted.
Edit or Delete an Image
There are various options available for adjusting the layout of inserted images.
After clicking on an image that has already been inserted into your Page or Post, two icons will
appear over the image. Clicking the left icon (
) allows you to edit the image properties.
Clicking the right icon (
) will delete the image from your content. It will only remove the
image from your Page or Post, it will not delete the image from your Media Library.
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After clicking the Edit Image icon (
) the following pop-up window will appear.
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There are two tabs at the top of the pop-up window that contain the various image and link
properties. The Edit Image tab allows you to change the following settings:
Size – The size ‘slider’ displayed next to the image allows you adjust the image size. Sizes
range from 130% down to 60%. If you want the image to be displayed at the same size that
you inserted, then set this slider to 100%
Alignment – Allows you to select how you would like the image aligned. They can be either
Left, Centered or Right aligned. Setting alignment to None will remove the other alignment
settings. How this affects your image within your content will depend on the current theme
in use
Title – is displayed as a tooltip when the mouse cursor hovers over the image in the browser
Alternative Text – is displayed when the browser can’t render the image. It’s also used by screen readers for visually impaired users so it’s important to fill out this field with a description of the image. To a small degree, it also plays a part in your website Search
Engine Optimisation (SEO). Since search engines can’t ‘read’ images they rely on the Alt Text
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Caption – is displayed underneath the image as a short description. How this displays will
be dependent on the WordPress theme in use at the time. You can also include basic HTML
in your captions
Link URL – is the URL that the image links to. Leaving this field blank will mean the
image will not have an HTML link assigned to it and will therefore do nothing if the image
is clicked. Clicking the None button will remove any link currently set in this field.
Clicking the Current Link button will set the Link URL to the default URL, if one is
currently set for that image. The Link to Image button will use the URL of the actual image.
Once you have updated the image properties, click the Update button to save your changes.
Alternatively, click Cancel to close the pop-up window without saving any changes.
Clicking on the Advanced Settings tab at the top of the above pop-up window allows extra image
and link properties to be set. If you’re not familiar with HTML and CSS then it’s best to leave these settings alone.
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The Advanced Settings tab allows you to change the following settings.
The Advanced Image Settings change the html tag for the actual image (i.e. the <img> tag):
Size – The size ‘slider’ displayed next to the image allows you adjust the image size. Sizes range from 130% down to 60%. If you want the image to be displayed at the same size that
you uploaded, then set this slider to 100%
Source – is the actual source location of the image. This should not be changed! If you need
to changed the image then it’s best to delete the current image from the post and then reinsert the correct image from the Media Library
Size Width/Height – These two input fields allow you specifically set the size to display
your image. Care needs to taken when changing these values as it will distort your image if
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they aren’t changed proportionally. Clicking the Original Size button will return the width
and height back to their original sizes
CSS Class – By default, WordPress will assign several CSS Classes to your image. If, for
some reason, there’s other CSS Classes that you’d like to assign to your image then you can add them into this input field
Styles – is used to specify ad-hoc CSS styles for your image. These are applied as inline
styles using the style attribute
Image properties - Border – is used to specify the border width (in px) to display around the
image. After changing the value in this field the Styles input field will be updated with the
appropriate CSS style
Image properties - Vertical space – is used to specify the margin (in px) above and below
the image. After changing the value in this field the Styles input field will be updated with
the appropriate CSS style
Image properties - Horizontal space – is used to specify the margin (in px) on the left and
right of the image. After changing the value in this field the Styles input field will be
updated with the appropriate CSS style
The Advanced Link Settings change the html link tag assigned to the image, if one is currently set
(i.e. the <a> tag):
Title – is displayed as a tooltip when the mouse cursor hovers over the image in the browser
Link Rel – describes the relationship from the current document to the specified link. More
information on the rel HTML attribute can be found on Wikipedia
CSS Class – If there is a specific CSS Class that needs to be set on the HTML link then you
can add it into this input field
Styles – is used to specify ad-hoc CSS styles for your link. These are applied as inline styles
using the style attribute
Target - Open link in a new window – When someone clicks the image link you can have it
open in the same window (default setting) or, if this box is checked, have it open in a new
browser window/tab
Once you have updated the image properties, Click the Update button to save your changes.
Alternatively, click Cancel to close the pop-up window without saving any changes.
Setting a Featured Image
Some themes allow you to specify a Featured Image for your Page and Post. A Featured Image,
often called a Post/Page Thumbnail, is usually some sort of image that is representative for that
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particular Page or Post. How these images are displayed is dependent entirely on the Theme that
is currently in use.
If your Theme allows you to set a Featured Image, the following Featured Image panel will be
displayed when you’re editing your Page or Post. If Featured Images can’t be set then this panel won’t be displayed.
Setting your featured image is very similar to adding an image into your Page or Post. After
clicking the Set featured image link a pop-up window will display that looks similar to the one
that displays when you add an image to your Page/Post. You can upload a new image to use as
your Featured Image or you can simply choose from one of your previously uploaded images.
By default, you’ll be shown a list of the previously uploaded images. If you’d like to upload a new image, click on the Upload Files link at the top of the pop-up window. After clicking the
image you’d like to use as your featured image you can then update the Title, Caption, Alt Text
and Description. To set the image as your Featured Image, click the Set featured image button.
Your chosen image will then appear in the Featured Image panel.
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Insert an Image Gallery
WordPress has its own simple built-in Image Gallery that allows you to add multiple images to a
page in one easy step.
To insert an image gallery into your Page/Post, click the Add Media button (
). A pop-up window will display that looks the same as the one that displays when you add an
image to your Page/Post. You can upload new images to use in your gallery or you can simply
choose from your previously uploaded images.
By default, you’ll be shown a list of the previously uploaded images. If you’d like to upload a new image, click on the Upload Files link at the top of the pop-up window. Alternatively, click
the Create Gallery link in the left hand navigation then select the images that you’d like to insert into your gallery.
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After selecting your images, click the Create a new gallery button at the bottom of the pop-up
window. The window will change so that only the selected images are shown.
All the images that appear will be used within your Image Gallery. To reorder the images simply
click on an image and drag it to its new position. If you’d like to add captions to your images, click the ‘Caption this image..’. text below each image and then type in your caption.
Alternatively, click each image and then update the Title, Caption, Alt Text and Description on
the right hand side of the pop-up window. You can also include basic HTML, such as links, in
your captions.
If you decide you no longer want a certain image to appear in your gallery, click the small ‘x’ that appears in the top right corner of the image when you hover your cursor over it.
Since the built-in gallery is quite simple, there aren’t that many options to choose from when setting it up.
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Link to – This sets what happens when the thumbnail image is clicked. Selecting Media File
will open the (full size) image directly in your browser window. Selecting Attachment Page
will open the image within one of your WordPress formatted pages.
Columns – Specifies the number of columns to use when displaying your thumbnail images.
Ultimately, this will be dependent on your Theme and how wide your page is. If you find
the gallery isn’t displaying properly after changing this number you may need to change it to another number.
Random Order – Click this checkbox to display your images in a random order
Edit or Delete an Image Gallery
Editing or Deleting an Image Gallery is much like editing or deleting an image. After clicking on
an Image Gallery that has been inserted into your Page or Post, two icons will appear on top of
the gallery. Clicking the left icon (
) allows you to edit the image gallery properties.
Clicking the right icon (
) will delete the image gallery from your content. It will only
remove the image gallery from your Page or Post, it will not delete any images from your Media
Library.
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After clicking the Edit Gallery icon you will be shown the same pop-up window and options as
when your image gallery was inserted into your Page/Post.
Inserting Video, Audio or Other File Type
The procedure for inserting any other type of file into your Page/Post is exactly the same as
Inserting an Image. Simply click the Add Media button (
). Once the relevant
popup window displays, perform the same steps to upload your file to your site and to insert it
into your Page or Post.
When inserting video or audio files, you can select Embed Media Player from the Embed or Link
dropdown list in the Insert Media pop-up window to use the new audio and video players that are
now built into WordPress. Supported audio/video formats include M4a, MP4, OGG, WebM,
FLV, WMV, MP3, WAV and WMA files.
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It’s recommended that you make your filename ‘server friendly’. Make sure the filename has no spaces, apostrophes, slashes or other non-alphanumeric characters
(such as $, % and &). Rename the file before uploading if it does. To preserve
readability, some people replace spaces with the underline character or hyphen. For
instance, My File Name.txt becomes My_File_Name.txt or My-File-Name.txt
Embedding a Video, Image or Other Content
Another way to add video or other content into your pages is through embedding. A popular
example of this is embedding a YouTube video into your page.
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When you’re embedding a file, there’s no need to upload the file to your site. You’re basically just creating a link to the file, from within your own page. WordPress is able to automatically
embed files from a number of different services.
To embed something into your Post or Page, simply paste the URL into your content area. The
URL needs to be on its own line and not hyperlinked.
If you’d like to specify the width and height, you can wrap the URL in the [embed] shortcode.
Embedding your link using this shortcode does not require the URL to be on its own line. The
format for using the shortcode is:
[embed width= “123” height= “456”] url [/embed]
WordPress will automatically embed content from the following sites:
blip.tv
Bunkr
DailyMotion
Flickr
FunnyOrDie.com
Hulu
Instagram
Qik
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Photobucket
Polldaddy
Rdio
Revision3
Scribd
SlideShare
SmugMug
SoundCloud
Spotify
Twitter
Viddler
Vimeo
WordPress.tv (Currently only VideoPress type videos)
YouTube (Only public videos)
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Adding HTML Links
HTML links allow your site visitors to easily navigate around your site. They’re also used when
you want to allow people to download files from your site, such as PDFs or other documents, for
viewing images or even just linking to other websites. HTML links will frequently be shown with
an underline to differentiate it from other text, but this may vary depending on the theme you’re currently using.
Inserting an HTML Link
Inserting an html link in your Page/Post to one of your own pages or another site is extremely
easy. Simply click and drag the cursor and highlight the text that you want turned into a link and
then click the Insert/edit link button (
). As well as being able to insert a link to another site,
you can also easily insert a link to one of your existing Posts or Pages by simply selecting it from
a list.
In the popup window that is displayed, simply fill in URL and the Title and then click the Add
Link button.
URL – URL of the page or website that you would like to create a link to
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Title – The text to display in tooltip form when the cursor hovers over the link
Open link in a new window/tab – When someone clicks the link you can have it open in the
same window (default setting) or have it open in a new browser window/tab
Alternatively, if you’d like to add a link to one of your existing Posts or Pages, simply click the
Or link to existing content link to display a list of your existing content then select the relevant
page from the supplied list. If you have a large number of pages within your site, you can type the
Page or Post name in the Search field to make it easier to find. As you type, the list will repopulate based on matching results. After selecting one of your existing pages, the relevant
details will be updated in the URL and Title fields. Click the Add Link button to add your link.
Inserting Links to Media Files
Adding a link to media files such as documents or PDF’s is just as easy as adding a standard html link. There are a couple of ways you can go about it.
Click the Add Media button (
) and then simply drag your file from wherever
it is on your computer, into the browser window. Your file will be automatically uploaded.
Alternatively, click the Select Files button and then select the file that you’d like to upload, using the dialog window that is displayed.
Once your file is uploaded, your Media Library, which contains all your previously uploaded
files, is displayed. The file that you’ve just uploaded will be automatically ‘selected’ for easy insertion into your Page or Post.
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Update the Title for your file. The Title will be used for the text link when it’s inserted into your content. From the Link To dropdown list, select Media File. The field just below this will be
automatically populated with the URL for the file.
Click the Insert into post button to insert a link to the selected file in your Post at the current
cursor position (when editing a Page, this button will say Insert into page).
If you happen to know the URL for the media file that you’d like to link to or if you’d like to create a link on some existing text, simply click and drag the cursor and highlight the text that
you want turned into a link and then click the Insert/edit link button (
). Just like previously,
when adding a simple HTML link, enter the URL to your media file and the Title and then click
the Add Link button. A standard html link will be created that links to the media file that you
specified.
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Editing an HTML Link
Simply click the link within your Page/Post that you’d like to edit, to position the cursor somewhere within it and then click the Insert/edit link button (
). A popup window will
appear, just like when the link was originally inserted. Update the required details and click the
Update button.
Removing an HTML Link
To remove an html link, click the link within your post that you’d like to remove, to position the
cursor somewhere within it and then click the Unlink button (
). If you want to remove a link
from an image, simply click the image once to select it and then click the Unlink button. If the
html link is linking to an uploaded file or image, clicking the Unlink button won’t remove or delete that file, it will simply remove the hyperlink.
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Editing Existing Content
To edit an existing page, simply click on the relevant Page/Post title, when viewing your list of
Pages or Posts. Alternatively, click on the Edit link that appears beneath the title when hovering
your cursor over each row.
The screen that appears will be exactly the same as the Add New Page/Add New Post screen,
only with the existing content displayed. When you’ve finished editing your Page/Post, click the
Update button.
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Deleting Content
If you wish to delete one of your Pages or Posts, click on the Trash link that appears beneath the
title when hovering your cursor over each row. This will move the Page/Post to the Trash.
To delete the Page/Post permanently or to restore the Page/Post, click the Trash link at the top of
the screen. When the cursor is hovering over each item in the Trash, the Restore and Delete
Permanently links appear. Click Delete Permanently to permanently remove a single Page or
Post. Clicking Restore will restore the Page or Post.
If you would like to permanently delete or restore numerous items at once, click the checkboxes
next to the items you would like to delete or restore and then choose either Restore or Delete
Permanently from the Bulk Actions dropdown list at the top of the page. After selecting the
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appropriate action click the Apply button to make your change. Alternatively, click the Empty
Trash button to delete all the items in the Trash.
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Fullscreen Editing
WordPress allows for fullscreen composing. It provides for complete distraction free editing of
your Page or Post. To enter fullscreen mode simply click on the Toggle fullscreen mode button (
). The editor will then takeover the whole browser window.
At the top of the screen is a toolbar with only the minimal number of buttons to enhance the
distraction free environment. The toolbar and editor borders are displayed when first entering
fullscreen mode. After a few seconds, these fade leaving you with a clean and clutter free editor
where you can concentrate on updating your content.
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To view the menu toolbar again once they have faded simply move your cursor up towards the
top of the screen and they will be displayed again.
To exit from fullscreen mode and return to the standard visual editor, click on the Exit fullscreen
link at the top of the page.
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Saving and Publishing Content
Once you’ve added all your content to your Page or Post you have the option of Saving the Page as a Draft or Publishing the page. Clicking the Save Draft button will simply save your Page/Post.
This is handy if you would like to come back at a later date to add more content or if you’re simply not ready to publish yet.
Clicking the Publish button will save your Page/Post and publish it on your website.
Clicking the Preview button will show you a preview of the current Page/Post.
There are also several options available when saving. By default the Status is set to Draft but this
can be changed by clicking the Edit link just to the right of Status: within the Publish panel.
Pending Review means the draft is waiting for review by an editor prior to publication.
Draft means the post has not been published and remains a draft for you.
You can also change the visibility of the Page by clicking the Edit link just to the right of
Visibility: within the Publish panel.
Public is the default and means the page is viewable to all. There is also an option to make
the Post ‘sticky’. Sticky posts are placed at the top of all blog posts and stay there even after
new posts are published.
Password Protected allows you to assign a password to your page. Only people who have
the password will be able to access the page.
Private hides the content from the public completely. Normal users and visitors will not be
aware of private content. You will only see the private content when you are logged into
your WordPress blog.
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By default, when you click the Publish button your Page/Post is published immediately. To
change this, click the Edit link just to the right of Publish immediately within the Publish panel.
You can then select the date and time that you’d like to schedule your Page/Post to be published. You must also click the Publish button when you have updated the date and time fields to publish
at the desired date and time.
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Categories
You can use categories to define sections of your site and group related posts. The default
category is Uncategorized but this can be easily changed in your Settings. Pages cannot be
associated with Categories. You can only associate Categories to Posts.
There are two ways to add Categories. They can be added whilst adding or editing your Post or
they can be added via the Categories menu option. Adding Categories whilst editing your Post,
will automatically assign those Categories to your Post. Adding Categories using the Categories
menu option will simply add them to the list of available Categories.
When you click on the Categories menu option you’ll be shown a list of Categories that have already been added along with some blank fields that allow you to add a new Category.
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To add a new Category, fill in the blank fields and then click the Add New Category button:
Name – The name is how it appears on your site
Slug – The Slug is the URL-friendly version of the name. It’s usually all lowercase and contains only letters, numbers, and hyphens
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Parent – Categories, unlike tags, can have a hierarchy. You might have a Car category, and
under that have children categories for Ford, General Motors and Toyota. Totally optional.
To create a subcategory, just choose another category from the Parent dropdown.
Description – The description is not prominent by default; however, some themes may
display it
Once you add a new Category it will appear in the list of Categories on the right side of the
screen.
When hovering your cursor over each row in the list of Categories, a few links will appear
beneath the Category name.
Edit – Allows you to edit the Category properties such as Name, Slug, Parent and
Description
Quick Edit – Allows you to quickly edit the Category Name and Slug
Delete – Deletes the Category permanently from the list of Categories. After clicking Delete
you will be prompted to confirm your choice. Click OK to delete the Category or Cancel if
you don’t want to delete it.
View – This will list all the Posts that are currently using this Category
If you would like to permanently delete numerous Categories at once, click the checkboxes next
to the Categories you would like to delete and then choose Delete from the Bulk Actions
dropdown list at the top of the page. After selecting Delete, click the Apply button to immediately
delete the selected Categories (you will not be prompted to confirm your choice).
Deleting a Category does not delete the posts in that Category. Instead, posts that were only
assigned to the deleted Category are set to the default Category, which is set to Uncategorized by
default. The Default Post Category can be configured within the Settings > Writing section.
Adding Categories within your Post
Adding Categories whilst editing your Post will automatically assign those Categories to your
Post.
When adding or editing your Post, the Categories panel can be found just below the Format panel
if your Theme supports Post Formats. Alternatively, it will reside just below the Publish panel.
To add an existing Category, simply tick the checkbox(es) next to the Categories you’d like to assign to the Post.
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If you would like to create a new Category and assign it to the Post at the same time, click the +
Add New Category link. Two fields will then appear. Type the name of the Category that you’d like to add into the empty input field. If you’d like the new Category to have a Parent, select it
from the Parent Category dropdown list. Click the Add New Category button when done to create
the Category and automatically assign it to the Post.
Tags
Tags are ad-hoc keywords that identify important information in your post (names, subjects, etc)
that may or may not recur in other posts. Unlike Categories, Tags have no hierarchy, meaning
there’s no relationship from one Tag to another. Pages cannot be assigned Tags and cannot be associated with Categories. You can only associate Tags and Categories to Posts.
Like Categories, there are two ways to add Post Tags. They can be added whilst adding or editing
your Post or they can be added via the Tags menu option. Adding Tags whilst editing your Post,
will automatically assign those Tags to your Post. Adding Tags using the Tags menu option will
simply add them to the list of available Tags.
When you click on the Tags menu option you’ll be shown a list of Tags that have already been added, along with some blank fields that allow you to add a new Tag. A list of popular Tags is
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also displayed in ‘cloud’ format. That is, the Tags are displayed in alphabetical order and the
more often a Tag has been used, the larger the font it’s displayed in.
To add a new Tag, fill in the blank fields and then click the Add New Tag button:
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Name – The name is how it appears on your site
Slug – The Slug is the URL-friendly version of the name. It’s usually all lowercase and contains only letters, numbers, and hyphens
Description – The description is not prominent by default; however, some themes may
display it
Once you add a new Tag it will appear in the list of Tags on the right side of the screen.
When hovering your cursor over each row in the list of Tags, a few links will appear beneath the
Tag name.
Edit –Allows you to edit the Tag properties such as Name, Slug and Description
Quick Edit – Allows you to quickly edit the Tag Name and Slug
Delete – Deletes the Tag permanently from the list of Tags. After clicking Delete you will
be prompted to confirm your choice. Click OK to delete the Tag or Cancel if you don’t want to delete it.
View – This will list all the Posts that are currently using this Tag
If you would like to permanently delete numerous Tags at once, click the checkboxes next to the
Tags you would like to delete and then choose Delete from the Bulk Actions dropdown list at the
top of the page. After selecting Delete, click the Apply button to immediately delete the selected
Tags (you will not be prompted to confirm your choice).
Adding Tags within your Post
Adding Tags whilst editing your Post, will automatically assign those Tags to your Post.
When adding or editing your Post, the Tags panel can be found just below the Categories panel.
To add an existing Tag, click the Choose from the most used tags link. This will display a list of
previously used Tags (if available). They are arranged alphabetically and in ‘cloud’ format. That
is, the more often a Tag has been used, the larger the font it’s displayed in. To add a previously used Tag, simply click on the Tag name and it will be assigned to your Post. To add a new Tag,
simply write the Tag or Tags (separated with commas) into the edit field and click the Add
button. Tags that are assigned to the Post will be displayed below the edit field. To remove a Tag
from your Post, click the small ‘x’ icon next to the Tag name.
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Media Library
The Media Library is where you can find all the files that you’ve uploaded. The most recent uploads are listed first. The list of files contains a small thumbnail version of the image or file,
the file name and the type of file (JPG, MP3, etc.), the name of the Author who uploaded the file,
the Page or Post which the image was uploaded to, the number of comments and the date the file
was uploaded.
When hovering your cursor over each row, a few links will appear beneath the file name.
Edit – Allows you to edit the file properties such as Title, Alt Text, Caption and
Description. You can also perform some basic image manipulation
Delete Permanently – Deletes the file permanently from the Media Library
View – Will take you to the display page for that file
Viewing a File in the Media Library
To view a file, hover the cursor over the particular row that contains the file name and click the
View link. If the file is an image, you'll see a larger version of the image. If the file was another
type of file such as a text file or PDF for example, you'll simply see a link to that file. Click the
link to view the file.
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Adding a File to the Media Library
To add a new file to the Media Library, click on the Add New link in the left hand navigation
menu or the Add New button at the top of the page. You will be presented with a page similar to
the popup window that is displayed when uploading a new image in your Post or Page.
To upload a new file to the Media Library, simply drag your images from wherever they are on
your computer, into the area marked Drop files here. Your file(s) will be automatically uploaded.
Alternatively, click the Select Files button and then select the files that you’d like to upload, using the dialog window that is displayed.
Once your images or files are uploaded, they’re listed below the file uploader. If you’d like to edit the file properties, click the Edit link next to the file.
Editing the File Properties
To edit the properties of an existing file, hover the cursor over the particular row that contains the
file, when viewing the list of Media Library files and click the Edit link. Alternatively, you can
also click the file title or the thumbnail image. Clicking the Edit link next to the file after it’s just been uploaded, will also allow you to edit its properties.
After clicking Edit, the file properties are displayed, including the title, URL, filename, file type
and in the case of an image, the file dimensions. When editing the file properties, the Alternative
Text field will only be displayed for images.
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Title – Although the field isn’t labelled, the Title is the field at the very top of the page. The
Title is displayed as a tooltip when the mouse cursor hovers over the image in the browser
Caption – is displayed underneath the image as a short description. How this displays will
be dependent on the WordPress theme in use at the time. You can also include basic HTML
in your captions
Alternative Text – is displayed when the browser can’t render the image. It’s also used by screen readers for visually impaired users
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Description – This content is displayed on the file’s attachment page
Once the file properties are updated click the Update button to save your changes.
Editing an Image
WordPress has a basic image editing tool that allows you to perform some simple manipulation
with your uploaded images. You’re able to rotate and flip your images as well as scale them and crop them to different sizes.
When editing the properties of an image (as opposed to other file types like documents or PDFs),
click the Edit Image button just below the thumbnail to show the image editing tools.
Just above the image you’ll find the following image editing buttons:
Crop – Click on the image and drag the selection box to the size that you’d like the image cropped. Click the Crop button to crop the image to the new
size
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Rotate counter-clockwise – Rotate the image 90° counter-clockwise
Rotate clockwise – Rotate the image 90° clockwise
Flip vertically – Flip the image vertically
Flip horizontally – Flip the image horizontally
Undo – Undo the last change
Redo – Redo the last change
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Click the Scale Image link to resize the image proportionally. For best results, scaling should be
done before performing any other operations like cropping, rotating, etc..
To scale your image to a new size, simply enter the width or height dimensions in the appropriate
field (w x h) and click the Scale button. After entering one value, the other value will change
automatically so as to keep the image in proportion. The original image dimensions are displayed
just above the input fields, for your reference.
There are several ways to crop your image. The easiest is to simply click on the image and drag
the selection box to the appropriate size. If you’d like your image cropped to a specific ratio, enter the values in the Aspect Ratio input fields (e.g. 1:1 (square), 4:3, 16:9 etc.). You can then
hold down the shift key and drag one of the edges of your selection to enlarge or reduce the size,
while keeping this aspect ratio locked. If there is already a selection made, specifying the aspect
ratio will automatically change the selection to match it.
Whenever the selection box is adjusted, the dimensions are displayed in the Selection input fields.
You can also manually enter the dimensions of the selection box (in pixels) by entering values
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into these two fields. Once your selection box is adjusted, simply click the Crop button just above
the image to crop the image to this new size.
By selecting one of the options in the Thumbnail Settings panel, you have the option to apply
your changes to All image sizes, just the Thumbnail image or All sizes except Thumbnail.
Click the Save button to save your changes.
Click the Update Media button to return to the main Media Library page.
If you’d like to revert back to your original image, click the Edit Image button again to return to
the image editor. A new Restore Original Image link is displayed just below the Scale Image link.
Click the Restore Original Image link and then click the Restore image button to discard your
changes and restore your original image.
Deleting a File from the Media Library
To delete a file from the Media Library, click on the Delete Permanently link that appears
beneath the file name when hovering your cursor over each row. You will be prompted with the
following message;; “You are about to permanently delete the selected items. 'Cancel' to stop,
'OK' to delete.”
Click the OK button to delete the file or click the Cancel button to return to the Media Library.
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Comments
Comments are a feature of blogs which allow readers to respond to Posts. Typically, readers
simply provide their own thoughts regarding the content of the post, but they may also provide
links to other resources, generate discussion, or simply compliment the author for a well-written
post. Comments allow you to interact more with your site visitors as well as generate feedback
and discussion on your Posts.
Comments can be controlled and regulated through the use of filters for language and content,
and if you prefer, can also be queued for approval before they are visible on the web site. This is
useful in dealing with comment spam.
When you click on the Comments menu option, you’ll be shown a list of all the comments on your site.
At the top of the screen there are links that allow you filter the comment list to only show the
comments that are Pending, Approved, Marked as Spam or that are in the Trash. The number in
brackets will advise how many there are for that particular type.
As well as the standard settings that allow you to manage your comments, the default WordPress
install comes with an excellent Plugin that helps to filter out Spam from your comments. This
Plugin is called Akismet.
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After activating the Akismet plugin, you need to supply it with an API Key. You can grab an API
key and find out more information on the Akismet website.
When hovering your cursor over each row in the list of Comments, a few links will appear
beneath the comment.
Unapprove/Approve – Allows you to unapprove the comment. This will stop it displaying
on your site. If the comment is already unapproved then this link will change to Approve, to
allow you to approve the comment.
Reply – Allows you to write a reply comment
Quick Edit – Allows you to quickly edit the commenter’s Name, Email or URL as well as the actual comment
Edit – Allows you to edit the commenter’s Name, Email or URL as well as the actual comment. It also allows you to mark the comment as either Approved, Pending or Spam
and change the Date and Time
Spam – Allows you to mark the comment as Spam
Trash – Allows you to mark the comment as Trash. Once it’s in the Trash, you can either restore it if you made a mistake, or delete it permanently
If you would like to change the status of numerous Comments at once, click the checkboxes next
to the Comment(s) you would like to change and then choose either Unapprove, Approve, Mark
as Spam or Move to Trash from the Bulk Actions dropdown list at the top of the page. After
selecting the appropriate option, click the Apply button.
Replying to a Comment
To respond to a comment that someone has written on one of your Posts, simply hover the mouse
over the comment and click the Reply link when it appears. An edit field will then appear beneath
the comment where you can type your reply.
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When you’ve written your comment, click the Reply button or alternatively, click Cancel to stop
replying and cancel your editing.
The editor that appears when replying or editing a comment (using either the Reply, Quick Edit
or Edit links) is much like the editor when creating or editing a Page or Post, only not as intuitive.
At the top of the editor there are numerous formatting buttons. These buttons provide you with
basic html formatting capabilities when composing a new reply comment or editing an existing
comment.
The buttons work in two ways. Clicking a button without highlighting any text first, will simply
insert the opening html tag relevant for that button. As an example, clicking the Bold button will
insert the <strong> html tag into your comment. Clicking the Bold button again will close the tag
by inserting the closing </strong> tag. If you highlight some text prior to clicking a button, both
the opening and closing tags will be inserted around that highlighted text. For example,
highlighting the text, ‘bold text’, prior to clicking the Bold button will insert ‘<strong>bold text</strong>’.
Bold – Bold text
Italic – Italicise text
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Link – Used to insert a website link. When the button is clicked a popup
window will appear where you type in the URL that you would like to link
to
Blockquote – Used as a way of showing a quote. How this looks will be
entirely dependent on the Theme that your site is currently using
Delete - Used as a way of showing deleted text. How this looks will be
dependent on the Theme but is usually done by showing the text with a
strikethrough
Insert - Used as a way of showing inserted text. How this looks will be
dependent on the Theme but is usually done by showing the text with an
underline
Image – Used to insert an image into the comment. When the button is
clicked a popup window will appear where you type in the URL of the
image that you would like inserted
Unordered List – Used to insert an unordered (or un-numbered) list
Ordered List – Used to insert an ordered (or numbered) list
List Item – Used to insert a list item into your ordered or un-ordered list
Code – Used for indicating a piece of code
Close Tags – Used to close open tags. If for example, you clicked both the
Bold and Italic buttons to insert their opening tags, clicking the close tags
button will insert both of the matching closing tags, in the correct order
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Editing a Comment
There are two ways to edit a comment. Once you hover over an individual comment you can
click the Quick Edit link or the Edit link. Both perform a similar function except that the Edit
option also allows you to mark the comment as either Approved, Pending or Spam and change
the Date and Time.
Quick edit
Clicking Quick Edit will replace the comment with an editor that allows you to update the
comment, the comment authors name, email address and URL.
Once you have finished, click Update Comment to save your changes or click Cancel to cancel
your changes and return to the list of comments.
Edit
Clicking Edit will display the editor on a new page. Like the Quick Edit option, you can update
the comment, the comment authors name, email address and URL. The Edit option also gives you
the ability to set the comment Status and change the comment Date and time. The comment status
can be set to Approved, Pending or Spam. You also have the option to move the item to the Trash
by clicking on the Move to Trash link.
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You can change the date and time that the comment was submitted by clicking on the Edit link
next to the date and time. After clicking Edit, several fields appear below the original date and
time. Update the fields if required and click the OK button to save the new date and time.
Once you have finished updating the comment, click the Update button to save your changes. If
you want to cancel your changes, click the browser Back button or click on the Comments menu
option to return to the list of comments.
Unapproving and Approving Comments
If an inappropriate comment has been submitted, you may wish to Unapprove it. This will stop
the comment from displaying on your site. Unapproved comments will be displayed with a
different coloured background within your list of comments. They will also be highlighted with a
red vertical bar down the left side of the row. Hovering your cursor over the comment will
display an Approve link instead of an Unapprove link.
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Marking Comments as Spam and Trash
If a Spam comment has been posted to your site you can mark it as Spam simply by hovering
your cursor over the comment and clicking the Spam link.
If you simply want to remove a comment, hover your cursor over it and click the Trash link.
To empty the Trash, click on the Trash link at the top of the page to display all the comments that
have been marked as Trash. This link will be displayed along with a number within brackets
which indicates how many comments are marked as Trash. To permanently remove all these
comments, click the Empty Trash button. You will not be prompted for confirmation.
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To remove all the Spam comments, click on the Spam link at the top of the page to display all the
comments that have been marked as Spam. This link will be displayed along with a number in
brackets which indicates how many Spam comments there are. To permanently remove all these
comments, click the Empty Spam button. You will not be prompted for confirmation.
You can also delete a single spam comment permanently by clicking on the Delete Permanently
link that appears when hovering your cursor over each row. You will not be prompted for
confirmation.
If you find there are comments that have been marked as Spam that shouldn’t be, click the checkboxes next to them and select Not Spam from the Bulk Actions drop down at the top of the
page. Click the Apply button to confirm your choice. Alternatively, click the Not Spam link that
appears when hovering your cursor over each row.
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Appearance
The various Appearance menus allow you to change how your site looks and behaves. If your site
has been setup for you by a third party then it’s more than likely that you won’t need to change any of the settings in here.
Depending on the theme that your site is running, you may find that you don’t have all the menu options listed here, or you may have a couple of different ones. The reason for this is that a
couple of the options under the Appearance section are theme based. For example, the default
Twenty Fourteen theme allows you to customize options for how your theme displays. Not all
themes will have these option pages, or if they do, they may be under another menu entirely.
Selecting your Theme
The overall appearance of a WordPress site is controlled by the Theme. Although there is a
default theme that comes installed with WordPress, most people will either download a new
theme, purchase one, or have one custom designed and built. There are hundreds of places where
themes can be downloaded for free and/or for a small fee. One of the best places to start looking
for themes is in the official WordPress Themes Directory.
Clicking on the Appearance menu option will default you at the Themes screen. The theme that is
currently active is shown at the top left of the screen. The other themes shown are ones that are
installed, but not currently in use. To see a preview of your site in another theme (that isn’t currently active), you can click the Live Preview button associated with each theme. While the
preview screen is displayed, you’re able to click your site links to view your various pages in the new theme layout as well as make various theme changes. To change your site to another Theme,
hover your cursor over the theme you’d like to activate and click the Activate button that appears
underneath the Theme. Alternatively, if the preview window is displaying, you can click the Save
& Activate button in the top left corner of the window to activate the theme.
Clicking on the Add New button at the top of the page allows you to upload a new theme to your
site as well as search the WordPress Themes Directory for new themes and install them directly
from within your Dashboard.
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Previewing and Customizing your Theme
As well as the ability to preview a theme, you can also update various theme settings all while
previewing the changes live. The options that you can change will be dependent on the individual
theme.
For the currently active theme, clicking the Customize button allows you to update various
settings whilst also previewing those changes. Until you click the Save & Publish button, only the
theme preview window is updated, not the theme on your live site.
For all other installed themes that are not currently active, click the Live Preview button to
preview the theme, update its settings and activate the theme. Until you click the Save & Activate
button, only the theme preview window is updated, not the theme on your live site.
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Widgets
Widgets are independent sections of content that can be placed into any widgetized area provided
by your theme. Although these widgetized areas are commonly called ‘Sidebars’ and are quite often located in the left or right hand column, they can be also located anywhere within your site
and are entirely dependent on the current theme as to their location. There are numerous widgets
available by default which allow you to add extra content to your site, such as Recent Comments,
Categories or Custom Menus, just to name a few. New Widgets can also be installed via Plugins
and again, depending what the plugin is used for the extra functionality it brings to your site will
vary.
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The Available Widgets section contains all the widgets you may choose from. To populate one of
your Sidebars, drag and drop a widget to the desired location. Once the Widget is dragged to the
Sidebar, it will open up to allow you to configure its settings. Click the Save button within the
Widget to save your settings.
If you want to remove a widget from a Sidebar but save its settings for future use, just drag it into
the Inactive Widgets section. If you simply want to delete the Widget from your Sidebar, click
the Delete link within the Widget.
Updating the Menu
If your theme supports custom menus, you can make modifications to them from the Menus
option. Menus can contain links to Pages, Posts, Categories, Custom Links or other content types.
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Adding a New Menu
Depending on the current Theme being used, your site may make use of more than one
navigation menu. Sometimes you might have multiple menus in your site header, other times you
may even have menus located in the sidebar or footer of your site.
To add a new menu, hover your cursor over the Appearance menu option in the left hand
navigation menu and in the fly-out menu, click the Menus link. Alternatively, click the
Appearance menu option and then click the Menus link underneath.
On the screen that’s displayed, click the create a new menu link. You’ll be presented with a screen similar to below. Enter a name for your new menu in the Menu Name input field. Click the
Create Menu button to create your new menu.
Editing an Existing Menu Item
Your current list of menu items resides in the right hand column on the menu screen. If there are
multiple menus on your site, there will be a dropdown list displayed at the top of the page that
enables you to select the menu that you would like to edit. Simply select the menu you would like
to edit from the Select a menu to edit dropdown list and then click the Select button. The menu
items for your selected menu will then be displayed.
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The items in this right-hand column on the Menus page will match the menu items that appear on
your website. Clicking on the down arrow next to each menu item name will show an options
panel for that particular menu item. In this options panel, there are several items that can be
updated/changed. You can show or hide extra fields such as Link Target, CSS Classes, Link
Relationship (XFN) or Description using the Screen Options tab at the very top-right of the
screen.
URL – Used within Custom Links and will contain the URL to navigate to when that menu
item is clicked
Navigation Label – This is the label that will display within the actual menu on your
website
Title Attribute – This is the tooltip that appears when the mouse cursor hovers over the
menu item
Link Target – (Hidden by default) You can set the menu item to open in the Same window
or tab (which is the default) or in a New window or tab
CSS Classes – (Hidden by default) Optional CSS Classes to add to this menu item
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Link Relationship (XFN) – (Hidden by default) Allows for the generation of XFN attributes
so you can show how you are related to the authors/owners of site to which you are linking
Description – (Hidden by default) The description for the link. This may or may not appear,
depending on the theme
Each menu item can be moved to a new location in the menu hierarchy by using either the links
underneath the Navigation Label input field or by clicking on the title area of the menu item and
dragging ‘n dropping the menu to new location. If you choose to drag ‘n drop your menu items, the cursor will turn into a four-pointed arrow when you’re hovering over the correct area.
After making updates to your menu items, click the Save Menu button at the top or bottom of the
screen.
Adding a New Menu Item
By default, only the Pages, Links and Categories panels are shown. If you’d like to add Posts, Tags or Post Formats as menu items, you simply use the Screen Options tab at the top-right of the
screen to enable these panels as well.
To add a new Page as a menu item, tick the checkboxes in the Pages panel, next to each of the
Pages that you’d like to add. You can select one Page at a time or multiple. After selecting your Pages, click the Add to Menu button. The new menu items will append to the bottom of the
current list of menu items. The menu item name will default to the Page name. To change this,
simply click on the down arrow next to the menu item name to view the options panel and then
update the Navigation Label to your preferred name. After making your updates, click the Save
Menu button at the top or bottom of the screen. The steps to add a Post, Post Format, Category or
Tag as a menu item are exactly the same as adding a Page.
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To change the order that the menu options appear in, simply place your cursor over the title area
of the menu item you’d like to move. When the cursor changes to a four-pointed arrow, click and
drag the menu item to its new location. Depending on how your menu is configured within your
theme, it’s even possible to create the multi-level hierarchy required for dropdown menus. After
moving your menu items around, don’t forget to click the Save Menu button at the top or bottom
of the screen to save your changes.
Adding a Custom Link Menu Item
Use the Links panel to add a custom link to your menu, such as a link to an external website.
Simply type in the website URL in the URL field and the menu name in the Link Text field.
Click the Add to Menu button when done. Use the same steps outlined previously to adjust the
order of the menu item and click the Save Menu button at the top or bottom of the screen to save
your changes.
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Deleting a Menu Item
To delete a menu item click on the down arrow next to the menu item name to view the options
panel for that item and then click the Remove link. After making your updates, click the Save
Menu button at the top or bottom of the screen.
Managing Menu Locations
After you create a menu, you also need to tell WordPress where to use it. This is where the
Manage Locations tab on the Menus page comes in.
After clicking the Manage Locations tab on the Menus page, you will be shown a page similar to
below, with a list of the various menu locations used in your Theme. You may have one menu
location or you may have multiple, depending on the Theme currently in use. Your menu wont
necessarily be called ‘Navigation Menu’ either, as shown below. Again, that will depend entirely on your Theme.
Assign an existing menu to the appropriate location by selecting it from the dropdown list. Click
the Save Changes button to save your changes.
Alternatively, you can choose to create a new menu and automatically assign it to the location by
clicking the Use new menu link.
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Header
The Header menu option will only be available if your current Theme is making use of this
option. It allows you to choose an image to display in the header area. You can choose one of the
images that comes with the theme or you can upload your own image. You can also choose to
display a static image or a random image. The Site Title and Tagline in the header area can be
turned on or off using the Show header text with your image option on this page. Again,
depending on the theme you’re using you may or may not have this, or a similar option.
Background
The Background menu option is another theme specific menu. It allows you to choose a
background image and the background colour for the theme. Again, depending on the theme
you’re currently using you may or may not have this, or a similar option.
Editor
The Editor menu allows you to edit the individual CSS and PHP files which make up your
Theme. Normally once a theme is installed and configured on your site, there's no need to make
any changes within here. Extreme care should be taken with this option to avoid making changes
to files that will affect how your site is displayed. Incorrectly modifying any files within this
section can cause your site to display incorrectly or at worst, not at all. Extra caution must be
taken if you intend to make any changes here.
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It cannot be stressed enough how dangerous this option is if you know nothing about
HTML, CSS or PHP. Modifying your theme files can drastically change how your
site displays and depending on what gets changed, can even stop your site from
displaying altogether.
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Plugins
Plugins extend and expand the functionality of WordPress. Once a Plugin is installed, you may
activate it or deactivate it here. There are thousands of plugins available that provide a huge range
of functionality. The easiest place to find them is within the official WordPress Plugin Directory.
You can search and install new plugins by clicking on the Add New button at the top of the page
or the Add New link in the left hand navigation menu.
Once a plugin has been added to your site, it needs to be ‘turned on’. To do this, click the Activate link to activate it. Depending on the plugin, you might also find that there are settings
that need to be configured.
Activated plugins will be displayed with a different coloured background within your list of
plugins. They will also be highlighted with a blue vertical bar down the left side of the row. If an
activated plugin also has an updated version available, the background colour will change and the
vertical bar will be red.
If any of your installed Plugins have available updates, a small number will appear next to the
Plugins menu option. The number will advise you as to how many Plugins have updates
available. A message will also be displayed just below the plugin name and description, advising
that it has an update. Prior to updating a Plugin, it’s wise to verify that the Plugin functionality hasn't changed significantly as to adversely affect your site. It’s also recommended to check that the Plugin and your site still works as expected, once it has been updated.
If you have plugins that have been deactivated because you’re no longer using them, it’s good practice to remove them from your site. You can do this by clicking the Delete link underneath
the plugin name.
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Users
This screen lists all the existing users for your site. Users with roles other than Administrator will
see fewer options when they are logged in. Depending on your Role, you can also add new users
as well as manage their Roles.
At the top of the screen there are links that allow you to filter the list of Users based on the User
Roles. The number in brackets will advise how many there are for that particular type.
When hovering your cursor over each row in the list of Users, links will appear beneath the user
name.
Edit – Allows you to edit the user profile
Delete – Allows the User to be deleted. This link won’t be available for your own profile
A User can have one of five defined roles as set by the site admin: Site Administrator, Editor,
Author, Contributor, or Subscriber.
Super Admin – (Only relevant when running multiple sites from one WordPress
installation). Someone with access to the blog network administration features controlling
the entire network.
Administrator – Somebody who has access to all the administration features
Editor – Somebody who can publish and manage posts and pages as well as manage other
users' posts, etc.
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Author – Somebody who can publish and manage their own posts
Contributor – Somebody who can write and manage their posts but not publish them
Subscriber – Somebody who can only manage their profile
When WordPress is first installed, an Administrator account with all capabilities is automatically
created.
The avatar that is displayed in the list of Users is using what's called a Gravatar. A Gravatar is a
Globally Recognized Avatar. Gravatars are currently used by a huge number of blogs, forums,
chat sites and the like. Rather than having to upload an avatar on each and every system you sign
up to, Gravatars allow you to have one avatar that is viewable everywhere. To create a Gravatar,
simply go to gravatar.com and sign up. To use your Gravatar within WordPress, simply add an
email address to your Profile that you’ve configured within the Gravatar site and it will automatically display.
Adding a New User
To add a new user, click on the Add New link in the left hand navigation menu or the Add New
button at the top of the page.
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Once the above page is displayed, simply fill in the various fields and click the Add New User
button.
Username – (mandatory) Enter the username of the new user here. This will also be used as
the Login name for the user. Once saved, the Username can’t be changed
E-mail – (mandatory) Enter a valid email address of the new user here. The email address
must be unique for each user. If a published Post or Page is authored by this user and
approved comments are made to that post or page, a notification email is sent to this email
address
First Name - Enter the first name of the new user here
Last Name – Enter the last name of the new user in this text box
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Website – You may enter the new user's website URL in this text box
Password – (mandatory, twice) Enter a password for the new user twice here, once in each
text box.
Strength indicator – This indicates if the password you entered is Very Weak, Weak,
Medium, or Strong (displayed in green). The stronger the password the more secure the
login. Hint: The password should be at least seven characters long. To make it stronger, use
upper and lower case letters, numbers and symbols like ! " ? $ % ^ & )
Send Password? – Check the box to send this password to the new user by email
Role – Select the desired Role for this user from the dropdown list
Deleting a User
To delete a user, click on the Delete link that appears beneath the user name when hovering your
cursor over each row. The Delete link wont appear for the user that is currently logged in.
Along with deleting the user you will be given the choice of what to do with all the content
currently assigned to that User. The available choices are:
Delete all posts – This will delete all the content which this user created.
Attribute all posts to – This will assign all the content currently linked to this User, to
another User of your choosing. Simply select the User from the dropdown list
After making your selection, click the Confirm Deletion button to remove the User.
Editing your Profile
To edit your profile details, simply click on your user name, when viewing the list of Users or
click on the Edit link that appears beneath your user name when hovering your cursor over each
row. Alternatively, click on the Your Profile link in the left hand navigation.
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If you’re an Administrator and would like to edit someone else’s profile, click on their user name when viewing the list of Users or click on the Edit link that appears beneath their user name when
hovering your cursor over each row.
Update the appropriate fields and then click the Update Profile button to save all your changes.
Personal Options
Visual Editor – Checking this box disables the visual editor when writing and uses the plain
html editor
Admin Color Scheme – Check this radio button next to the colour scheme desired for the
administrative panels. You have the choice of eight different color schemes
Keyboard Shortcuts – Checking this box Enables keyboard shortcuts for comment
moderation. Keyboard shortcuts are designed to allow you to rapidly navigate and perform
actions on comments
Toolbar – Checking this box will display the Admin Bar at the very top of your website
(only for the person who is currently logged in)
Name
Username – You cannot edit your Username because it is used as your Username during the
login process. Even an Administrator cannot change your Username. Usually, no one else
ever needs to see your Username
First name – Enter your first name in this text box
Last name – Enter your last name in this text box
Nickname – (mandatory) The nickname is a requirement for every user. It may be the same
as your Username or it can be different. If you don’t supply a Nickname, then the Username will be placed in this field
Display name publicly as – Select how your name is cited on your blog, from the dropdown
list. You can choose from several choices: Nickname, Username, First Name, Last Name,
‘First Last’, or ‘Last First’. If you prefer ‘Last First’, insert a comma after your last name in
the Last Name text field and choose the last option from the dropdown list. For security
reasons, it’s a good idea to keep this different from your Username
Contact Info
E-mail – (mandatory) All users are required to list an email address in their respective
Profiles. The email address must be unique for each user. Your blog will use this address to
notify you of new comments to your posts and for other administrative purposes. Only other
registered users of your blog will have access to this email address. It is never sent
anywhere
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Website – Enter your website address
About Yourself
Biographical Info – Enter a short description or profile of yourself here. Depending on your
theme, this optional information may be displayed when creating new Posts
New Password – Enter your new password. Leaving this input field and the Repeat New
Password field blank will keep the password you are currently using
Repeat New Password – Enter your password a second time to confirm it
Strength Indicator – This indicates if the password you entered is Very Weak, Weak,
Medium, or Strong (displayed in green). The stronger the password the more secure your
login. Hint: The password should be at least seven characters long. To make it stronger, use
upper and lower case letters, numbers and symbols like ! " ? $ % ^ & )
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Tools
The Tools menu provides some handy administration tools. Most of the time though, they're used
when setting up or configuring your WordPress site and so as such, they won’t be covered here in great detail.
Press This
Press This is a bookmarklet: a little app that runs in your browser that lets you grab bits of the
web. It provides you with a handy shortcut within your browser to creating new Posts. Simply
Drag-and-drop the Press This link to your bookmarks bar or right click it and add it to your
browser favourites for a posting shortcut.
Categories and Tags Converter
The Categories and Tags Converter is a tool to convert existing Categories to Tags or Tags to
Categories. Before it can be used it must be installed via the Import menu option.
Import
The Import option provides you with various tools for importing content from other blogging
systems. You can import content from Blogger, LiveJournal, Moveable Type, TypePad and
Tumblr. You can also import content from Blogrolls that use the OPML Format, posts from an
RSS feed or content from other WordPress sites. To import content from another WordPress site
you first need to install the WordPress Importer plugin.
Export
The Export option is used to export your data in XML format, from your WordPress site. The
export format is called WordPress eXtended RSS or WXR and will contain your posts, pages,
comments, custom fields, terms, navigation menus and custom posts. Once you’ve saved the download file, you can use the Import function on another WordPress site to import the content
from this site.
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Settings
The various Settings screens are used to configure your WordPress site. Normally, once your
WordPress site is set up there’s no reason to change any of these settings. These Settings options
will only be touched upon very briefly. You can find out lots more information in regards to
configuring your site within the WordPress Codex.
General
The General settings configure your basic site preferences such as the Site Title and Tag Line, the
WordPress Address and Site Address, the administrators email address and the date and time
format, among other things.
The WordPress Address (URL) is the location of your main WordPress core files. The Site
Address (URL) is the address you want to use for your site homepage. Usually these two URL’s are the same but they can be different if, for example, you have your WordPress files stored in a
subdirectory.
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Writing
The Writing settings configure various options with regards to your site content. Settings include
defining the Default Post Category, Default Post Format (if supported by your Theme) and if the
Link Manager plugin is installed, the Default Link Category.
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Reading
The Reading settings configure how your site is viewed. You can define whether your front page
displays a static Page or your blog Posts, how many blog posts are displayed by default as well as
Syndication/RSS options. If you configure your site to display a static front page, you can set
which page to display and also which page will show your blog posts.
The Search Engine Visibility setting enables you to block your site from search engines or allow
it to be visible.
Discussion
The Discussion settings define how your readers interact with your site and how your site
interacts with other blogs. You can configure Pingbacks and Trackbacks, whether readers can
post Comments or not and if so, how those Comments are moderated and displayed on your site.
This screen also lets you configure whether the Post Author should be emailed whenever
someone posts a comment on your site. If you are receiving emails whenever someone posts a
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comment, simply uncheck the box next to Anyone posts a comment within the E-mail me
whenever section on this screen and then save your changes.
If you would like to be notified whenever a comment is held for moderation, it can be configured
on this screen as well within the E-mail me whenever section. The email notification is sent to the
email address listed on the Settings > General page.
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Media
The Media settings define the default image sizes that are created when an image is uploaded.
You can also configure whether your uploaded media files are stored in folders based on the year
and the month of the upload.
Permalinks
The Permalink settings enable you to configure the URL format that is displayed in the web
browser when someone browses your site. By default WordPress uses web URLs which have
question marks and lots of numbers in them however you can change this so that the URL is more
user friendly. This also helps considerably with Search Engine Optimisation (SEO). To change
the way your site URL is displayed simply select one of the radio button options within the
Common Settings section on this screen. Next to each option is an example of how the URL
would be displayed.
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Where To From Here?
If you’re looking for more resources to further your WordPress knowledge the first place to
check out is the WordPress.org website. There you’ll find technical support and new resources
like Plugins which are a fantastic way to add extra functionality to your site without having to
modify your theme files. The Plugin Directory has over 28,000 different plugins that are available
to download. Furthermore, if you want to change how your site looks, have a look in the
WordPress Themes Directory which is also there on the WordPress site.
If you find you need more information on a particular topic, have a search through the WordPress
Codex which goes into greater detail about how WordPress works. Not only will you find
information about updating your site content but there is all sorts of other useful information that
will help you with installing WordPress, Troubleshooting, Using Plugins & Themes and also
Theme Development, for the more technically minded.
Once your website is humming along nicely, you might want to think about getting involved in
the awesome WordPress community. One of the easiest ways to get involved is simply by helping
others within the WordPress Support Forums. There is always someone there who’s newer to the
learning curve than you, and learning is so much improved while you’re teaching others! There
are topics there for all ability levels, from installation issues, theme and template issues, and
general troubleshooting all the way through to more advanced areas of theme and plugin
development.
It’s a great benefit not just for yourself, but for others as well in getting more involved in the
WordPress community. This could be through core commits, UI design, testing beta releases or
even just helping people on the WordPress forums. Or, how about getting along to Meetups
where users and developers alike get together and learn from and teach each other, show off the
projects they’re working on and meet others to collaborate with. The more we work together to
make WordPress great, the more robust the platform becomes. Everyone wins!
Last but not least, don’t forget to keep in touch with us on the web;
omOriginals.com
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