Economics 101 Professor Scholz Second Sample Midterm Exam #2

Document technical information

Format pdf
Size 136.2 kB
First found Jun 9, 2017

Document content analysis

Category Also themed
Language
English
Type
not defined
Concepts
no text concepts found

Persons

Austan Goolsbee
Austan Goolsbee

wikipedia, lookup

Organizations

Places

Transcript

Second Sample Midterm Exam #2; Page 1 of 16
Economics 101
Second Sample Midterm Exam #2, Part #2
Professor Scholz
October 22, 2009
DO NOT BEGIN WORKING UNTIL YOU ARE
TOLD TO DO SO. READ THESE INSTRUCTIONS FIRST.
You have 75 minutes to complete the exam, which consists of 33 multiple-choice questions. The exam is
worth 100 points. Each question is worth 3 points: you get 1 point for filling in the requested information
correctly. Please answer the questions on your coding sheet with a #2 pencil. Be sure to fill in the coding
sheet carefully and accurately. Please also turn in your exam with name, ID, and student number.
Name____________________
ID _________________
Student number _____________
How to fill in the coding sheet:
1. Fill in the bubbles on your answer sheet with your last name, first name, and middle initial.
2. Fill in the bubbles so we know your student identification number.
3. Fill in the bubbles under "Special Codes" spaces ABC so we know the discussion section number for
which you are officially registered. Discussion sections are listed below:
4. Finally, after filling in your section code, please put the exam version in the “Special Codes” spaces.
You will end up with a 4-digit “Special Codes” number – a three digit section number followed by a one
digit exam number.
Georgy Loginov
William Nicholson
Jiao Shi
305
306
309
313
307
314
318
302
316
F 1:20
W 4:35
W 3:30
F 9:55
W 4:35
F 11:00
F 8:50
F 2:25
F 12:05
Fumihiko Suga
301
304
311
312
W 3:30
F 8:50
F 11:00
F 9:55
Carly Urban
Matthew Friedman
Irina Merkurieva
Michael Pistone
310
315
317
319
331
332
347
335
341
343
345
337
338
F 2:25
F 12:05
F 8:50
F 1:20
Evangelos Stravelas
330
333
334
342
W 3:30
W 4:35
F 1:20
F 2:25
W 3:30
W 4:35
F 8:50
F 1:20
F 9:55
F 11:00
F 2:25
F 2:25
F 12:05
Yuan Yuan
336
339
340
346
F 11:00
F 12:05
F 9:55
F 8:50
If you have a question during the exam, stay seated and please raise your hand. To show respect to your
fellow students, please stay seated in your exam seat for the full 75 minutes. All exams and answer sheets
must be turned in as you leave the exam.
The exam will be discussed in section next week.
Relax. Stop, take a deep breath, and think carefully before you answer any questions. Good luck!
Second Sample Midterm Exam #2; Page 2 of 16
Answer these multiple choice questions on the scantron sheet, selecting the best answer.
1)
100 students are in Michael’s discussion section. Each has a soft drink demand given by
P = 20 − 2Q. What is the market demand for students in Michael’s section?
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
Carpets
0
1
2
3
4
5
100P=2000-200Q
Q=10-.5P
P=20-200Q
P=2000-2Q
P=20-(1/50)Q
TVC
TFC
Jonathan’s Carpet Cleaning Company
TC
AVC
AFC
50
ATC
20
MC
20
42.5
105
85
10
35
2) Refer to the above table. Jonathan is producing in a perfectly competitive carpet cleaning market and
the price of the output is $30 per carpet. To maximize profit in the short run, setting P=MC, how many
carpets should Jonathan clean?
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
None, he should shut down.
2
3
4
5
3) Refer again to the Table. If the market price for carpets falls to $15, to maximize profits in the short
run how many carpets should Jonathan clean?
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
None, he should shut down.
2
3
4
5
4) Libby consumes two goods, fast food meals and books, and like all of us, faces a budget constraint.
The fast food meals she eats cost $5 per meal. The books she buys cost $8 per book. Her marginal utility
from her last fast food meal was 55. Her marginal utility from the last book she read was 64 (she’s a
voracious reader and eater, so her utility does not depend on the quality of the books or meals). Libby…
a) is behaving optimally.
b) should consume more books and fewer meals.
c) could be behaving optimally or suboptimally. We cannot answer the question without
information on prices.
d) should consume more meals and fewer books.
Second Sample Midterm Exam #2; Page 3 of 16
e) should buy and read more books, holding meal consumption constant.
Use the following information to answer the next two questions: Consider a perfectly competitive market
in the Short Run. Assume that Market Demand is P=48-3Qd and Market Supply is P=Qs. Denoting firm
level quantity by q, assume TC=2+4q+2q2 so that MC=4+4q.
5) Does the firm make a profit or loss in the short run, and how much are these profits/losses.
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
Loss, $6.
Profit, $6.
Loss, $194.
Profit, $194.
It is impossible to tell from the information given.
6) In the Long Run, there will be ______ into/from the industry and the Long Run equilibrium price will
be:
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
Entry, $12.
Exit, $12.
Entry, $8.
Exit, $8.
No entry or exit, $12.
1
2
7) Melissa has a utility function U = X + 2Y which implies MRS =
1
. If the price of X is 1, the
4 X
price of Y is 16, and her income is $160, what is Melissa’s optimal consumption of X and Y?
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
X=160, Y=0
Y=0, Y=10
X=16, Y=9
X=80, Y=5
Not enough information is given.
Second Sample Midterm Exam #2; Page 4 of 16
Figure: Indifference curves and Consumption Bundles
8) (Figure: Indifference Curves and Consumption Bundles) In the figure above, the initial optimum
is at a. The price of hot dogs now increases, and the new equilibrium point is c. The change in
hot dog consumption due to the income effect of the price change is:
a) H3 to H2.
b) H2 to H3.
c) H3 to H1.
d) H1 to H2.
e) H2 to H1.
9) (Figure: Indifference Curves and Consumption Bundles) In the figure above, the initial optimum
is at a. The price of hot dogs now increases. The change in hot dog consumption due to the
substitution effect is:
a) H3 to H2.
b) H3 to H1.
c) H2 to H1.
d) H1 to H3.
e) H2 to H3.
Second Sample Midterm Exam #2; Page 5 of 16
10) Consider the following graph representing the cost structure of a firm. Which of the following
statements is correct (note, AC in the figure is what we typically label “ATC”)?
p
MC
AC
p*
AVC
q
a) At the price p* the firm has a loss.
b) At the price p* the firm has a loss but lower than its fixed costs.
c) At p* the firm will offer a quantity corresponding to the point where the price is equal to
the average costs.
d) The firm won’t participate in the market with a price like p*.
e) In the long run, other firms will try to enter this market.
11) After a great deal of soul-searching, Jonathan has realized that he wishes to devote his life to cleaning
carpets. Consequently, he is thinking about expanding his business. After detailed study of his costs, he
can clean 27 carpets a week working half time with his current carpet cleaning machinery and shampoo.
If he doubles his labor, his carpet cleaning machinery, and his shampoo, he can clean 60 carpets a week.
Over this range of output, Jonathan has
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
Bathroom scales.
Diseconomies of scale.
Constant returns to scale.
Diminishing marginal product of labor.
Economies of scale.
Second Sample Midterm Exam #2; Page 6 of 16
Figure: Production Costs of Dog Sweaters
Quantity of
Total
Sweaters
Cost
0
300
5
500
10
680
15
900
20
1160
25
1500
30
1920
12) Maxine produces designer dog sweaters and sells them at her store, “Abercrombie & Fetch.” Assume
that the doggie sweater industry is perfectly competitive and that there are no costs associated with entry
or exit. What is Maxine’s shut-down price?
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
$36
$38
$40
$58
None of the above.
13) Using the cost information given above what is Maxine’s marginal cost for producing the 20th doggie
sweater (i.e., moving from the 15th to the 20th sweater)?
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
$13
$43
$52
$58
$68
14) The price of Pepsi falls by 20 percent and the quantity consumed of Coke falls by 10 percent. The
cross price elasticity of demand for Coke (with respect to the price of Pepsi) is
a)
0.5 and Coke and Pepsi are substitutes
b)
-2 and Coke and Pepsi are substitutes
c)
2 and Coke and Pepsi are complements
d)
-0.5 and Coke and Pepsi are substitutes
e)
None of the above
Second Sample Midterm Exam #2; Page 7 of 16
15) The Madison pizza market is perfectly competitive. In a given week (when school is in
session), 80000 pizzas are sold. The perfectly competitive price is $12 per pizza. All firms have
the same marginal costs, which equal MC = 4 + q/100. How many firms are there in the market?
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
80
100
120
200
240
16) Assume that the consumer depicted in the figure below has an income of $100 and currently
optimizes at point A. When the price of marshmallows decreases to $5, the optimizing consumer will
choose to purchase how many units of marshmallows?
a)
3
b)
10
c)
9
d)
4
e)
6
Second Sample Midterm Exam #2; Page 8 of 16
17) The following graph shows Joe’s preferences for bread and butter. Given his income and the initial
prices he optimally chooses to consume at point A. Suppose that the price of butter increases, it follows
that the new optimal consumption of bread must
Bread
II
I
A
Butter
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
increase.
decrease.
stay the same.
Anything may happen.
Consumption will go to zero
18) Danny likes to eat apples and bananas. In fact, Danny spends all of his money buying (and eating!)
only apples and bananas. In addition, Danny is a rational consumer, and makes all of his decisions to
maximize his own utility. Suppose that when the price of apples is $1 and the price of bananas is $3,
Danny buys 12 apples and no bananas. However, when the price of apples increases to $2 (and the price
of bananas is still $3), Danny is indifferent between spending money on apples only or on bananas only.
Now, suppose the prices of apples and bananas both increase to $3 and $4, respectively. How many
apples will Danny buy?
a) 0
b) 3
c) 4
d) 12
e) not enough information to answer the question
Second Sample Midterm Exam #2; Page 9 of 16
19) Jamie makes cookies. She has decided to go into business selling her soon-to-be famous chocolate
chip cookies at football games. Her total revenue from cookie sales is TR=60Q. Jamie’s marginal costs
are MC=4Q. The profit-maximizing level of output is
a) 5
b) 10
c) 12
d) 15
e) 20
Table: Marginal and Total Benefit
Number of games
Total benefit in
dollars
0
0
1
50
2
90
3
120
4
140
5
152
6
160
7
164
8
162
20) (Table: Marginal and Total Benefit) Rodger is deciding how many football games he wants to
attend this year. The total benefit that Rodger receives from football games is shown in the
accompanying table. If tickets to each football game cost $10, then he should attend ______
game(s).
a) 6
b) 1
c) 2
d) 3
e) 5
21) Kaile Cakes is currently producing 10 cakes per day. The marginal cost of the 10th cake is $24,
and average total cost of 10 cakes is $6. The average total cost of 9 cakes is:
a) $4.
b) $5.
c) $6.
d) $8.
e) Not enough information is given.
Second Sample Midterm Exam #2; Page 10 of 16
Figure: Revenues, Costs, and Profits
22) In the accompanying figure, at the profit-maximizing quantity of output, total revenue is
$______, total cost is $______, and profit is $______.
a) 90; 72; -18
b) 56; 56; 0
c) 30; 48; -18
d) 48; 56; -8
e) 30; 30; 0
23) Jane spends all her income on goods X and Y and is purchasing the optimal consumption bundle.
If the MUX/MUY = 3 and the price of X is equal to $12, then the price of Y is equal to:
a) $36.
b) $4.
c) $12.
d) $3.
e) $24.
24) A wheat farmer operating in the short run produces 100 bushels of wheat. Her average total cost
per bushel is $1.75, total revenue is $450, and (total) fixed costs are equal to $100. Then:
a) average fixed cost is equal to $1.50.
b) profit per bushel is equal to $2.75.
c) average variable cost is equal to $1.25.
d) profit is equal to $250.
e) Not enough information is given.
Second Sample Midterm Exam #2; Page 11 of 16
Figure: Good X and Good Y
25) (Figure: Good X and Good Y) Which chart in the accompanying figure shows the effects of an
increase in the price of X, when good X and good Y are (imperfect) substitutes?
a) A
b) B
c) C
d) D
e) None of the pictures capture the situation that is described.
26) (Figure: Good X and Good Y) Which chart in the accompanying figure shows the effect of a
decrease in income when both good X and good Y are normal goods?
a) A
b) B
c) C
d) D
e) None of the pictures capture the situation that is described.
27) Consider the demand curve Q = 16 - 2P. The demand elasticity when P goes from 3 to 5 is
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
Not enough information is provided
Elastic
Inelastic
Bigger in the short run than the long run
One.
Second Sample Midterm Exam #2; Page 12 of 16
28) Which of following is NOT true?
a) Average fixed cost (AFC) is decreasing in Quantity at any time.
b) Short run average total cost (ATC) cannot be lower than long run average total cost (ATC) at any
Quantity.
c) At the minimum-cost output, marginal cost (MC) is exactly equal to average total cost (ATC).
d) Whenever marginal cost (MC) is greater than average variable cost (AVC), the average variable
cost (AVC) is upward-sloping.
e) If marginal cost (MC) is upward-sloping, then the average total cost (ATC) is also upwardsloping.
29) A perfectly competitive firm operating in the short run producing 100 units of output has ATC =
$6 and AFC = $2. The market price is $3 and is equal to MC. In order to maximize profits (or
minimize losses), this firm should:
a) increase output.
b) reduce output, but continue to produce a positive amount of output.
c) shut down.
d) do nothing; the firm is already maximizing profits.
e) raise prices.
30) Chuck spends all his income on two goods: tacos and milkshakes. His income is $100, the price
of tacos is $10, and the price of milkshakes is $2. If the prices of each good double and Chuck's
income doubles, which of the following statements is correct?
a) Chuck's budget line will be unaffected.
b) Chuck's budget line will shift out.
c) Chuck's budget line will shift in.
d) Chuck will now be able to buy more of each good.
e) Cannot tell from the information provided.
31) Joan loves to eat sushi. Her first piece of sushi normally yields a marginal benefit of $5. Each
additional piece creates a declining marginal benefit by $0.25 per piece. If her favorite sushi bar
charges $2.80 per piece of sushi, how many pieces should she eat?
a) 8
b) 10
c) 9
d) 11
e) 1
Second Sample Midterm Exam #2; Page 13 of 16
Figure: The Optimal Consumption Bundle
32) (Figure: The Optimal Consumption Bundle) In the accompanying figure, if the price of
restaurant meals ______, then the optimal consumption bundle will be on a ______ indifference
curve.
a) increases; higher.
b) decreases; higher.
c) increases; lower.
d) decreases; lower.
e) both b and c are correct.
33) Each month Jacquelyn spends exactly $50 on ice cream regardless of the price. Jacquelyn's
price elasticity of demand for ice cream is:
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
Zero
One
Greater than one
Less than one, but greater than zero
Not enough information is given.
Second Sample Midterm Exam #2; Page 14 of 16
Extra Problems focusing on elasticties
1.
Each month Jessica buys exactly 15 Big Macs regardless of the price. Jessica's price elasticity of
demand for Big Macs is:
A) zero.
B) one.
C) greater than one.
D) less than one.
Use the following to answer questions 2-3:
Table: Market for Pizza
Price
(per pizza)
$20
18
16
14
12
10
8
6
Quantity of pizza demanded
(given income of $1,000 per month)
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Quantity of pizza demanded
(given income of $1,400 per month)
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
2.
(Table: Market for Pizza) In the accompanying table, the income elasticity of demand for pizza
at a price of $14 per pizza when income changes from $1,000 to $1,400 per month using the
midpoint method is:
A) –1.
B) 1.
C) 1.25.
D) 1.5.
3.
(Table: Market for Pizza) In the accompanying table, the price elasticity of demand for pizza
between prices of $14 and $12 per pizza when income is $1,000 per month (using the midpoint
method) is:
A) 0.6.
B) 1.
C) 1.6.
D) 2.
4.
Suppose the cross-price elasticity between demand for Burger King burgers and the price of
McDonald's burgers is 0.8. If McDonald's increases the price of their burgers by 10%, then:
A) Burger King will sell 10% more burgers.
B) Burger King will sell 8% more burgers.
C) Burger King will sell 8% fewer burgers.
D) we cannot tell what will happen to Burger King, but McDonald's will sell 8% fewer
burgers.
Second Sample Midterm Exam #2; Page 15 of 16
5.
The University president believes that increasing student tuition by 5% will increase revenues. If
the president is correct that revenues will increase, then the tuition increase will reduce the
number of students enrolling by:
A) less than 5%.
B) more than 5%.
C) exactly 5%.
D) 0%, there will be no change in the number of students enrolling.
6.
Suppose the price elasticity of demand for yachts equals 4.04, while the price elasticity of
supply for yachts equals 0.22. If Congress reinstates a luxury tax on yachts, who will pay more
of the tax?
A) Yacht builders will pay more.
B) Yacht buyers will pay more.
C) Yacht builders and buyers will pay equally.
D) It's impossible to tell without additional information.
7.
Suppose you manage a convenience mart and are in charge of ordering products but do not set
the price. The home office provides the prices. In your area, the income elasticity of demand for
peanut butter is –0.5. Due to local factory closings, you expect local incomes to decrease by
20%, on average, in the next month. As a result, you should:
A) stock 20% more peanut butter on the shelves.
B) stock 5% more peanut butter on the shelves.
C) stock 10% more peanut butter on the shelves.
D) stock 10% less peanut butter on the shelves.
8.
The price of watches of a new watch company decreases to $75 from $125. At the same time,
demand for watches increased from 35 units (measured in 100,000s) to 45 units. Calculate the
price elasticity of demand using the midpoint method.
A)
2
B)
½
C)
1
D)
5/7
E)
None of the above
9.
Suppose supply of a given good is perfectly elastic, and initial quantity supplied and price are 10
and $12. If the equilibrium quantity of demand increased from 10 to 15 (due to a demand shift),
then the price of this good
A)
also increases
B)
does not change
C)
decreases
D)
will fall as long as demand shifts rightward.
E)
Cannot tell from the information given.
Second Sample Midterm Exam #2; Page 16 of 16
10.
When the price of boxed macaroni and cheese falls 20 percent, the quantity demanded only
increases 10 percent. This means that:
A)
The elasticity of demand is 2
B)
The elasticity of demand is ½
C)
Macaroni and cheese is an inferior good
D)
A) and C)
E)
B) and C)
11)
A firm operating in long-run equilibrium in a perfectly competitive market will have economic
profit equal to
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
Total fixed cost.
Total variable costs
The interest rate times the value of capital invested
The present discounted value of future income streams
Zero
I will also ask questions on readings! A sample is
12) One of your readings discussed a study by economists Judith Chevalier and Austan
Goolsbee that found what about the college textbook market?
a) Students generally buy the textbooks they are assigned making their demand inelastic.
b) There can’t possibly be a person named Austan Goolsbee.
c) Books available on the internet (like your textbook) are changing the market for textbook
publishing.
d) Students are less likely to purchase an assigned textbook the semester before the text will
be revised.
e) The textbook market in economics, unlike chemistry and the biological sciences, behaves
more closely to the perfectly competitive model.
Second Sample Midterm Exam #2; Page 17 of 16
Sample Exam Answers
1 e, 2 d, 3 a, 4 d, 5 b, 6 c, 7 c, 8 e, 9 a, 10 e, 11 e, 12 b, 13 c, 14 a, 15 b, 16 c, 17 b, 18 a, 19 d, 20 e, 21 a,
22 c, 23 b, 24 b, 25 d, 26 c, 27 e, 28 e, 29 c, 30 a, 31 c, 32 e, 33 b
Answers to supplemental questions
1 a, 2 d, 3 b, 4 b, 5 a, 6 a, 7 c, 8 b, 9b, 10 b, 11 e, 12 d

Similar documents

×

Report this document