Midterm Sample Problems This will give you an idea of the types of problems you can expect to see on the midterm and the general difficulty of the material. While not every concept in the actual exam is represented here, most of them are. Limits #3x # 6 is x "#2 x 2 + x # 2 1. lim A. -1 B. ! "1 3 C. ! 1 3 D. 1 E. Does not exist ! 2. The figure to the right shows the graph of f ( x ) . Which of the following statements are true? I. lim# f ( x ) exists ! x "1 II. lim+ f ( x ) exists x "1 ! III. lim f ( x ) exists x "1 ! A. I only B. II only C. I and II only D. I, II and III E. none are true ! $ x 2 " 6x + 9 & if x # 3 3. Let f ( x ) = % x " 3 & 3x if x = 3 ' I. lim f ( x ) exists II. f ( 3) exists x "3 ! A. only I ! www.MasterMathMentor.com Which of the following statements I,II, and III are true? B. only II III. f is continuous at x = 3 C. I and II D. none of them E. all of them ! -1- Stu Schwartz #4 # x # x 2 = is x "#$ 2x 2 + 3x # 2 4. lim A. 0 B. 2 C. -2 D. ! "1 2 E. ! ! Derivatives 5. 4 ( ) ( ) If f ( x ) = 1" 4 x 2 , then f #( x ) = A. 32x 1" 4 x 2 3 B. 4 (1" 8x ) 3 C. "32(1" 8x ) 3 ( D. 4 1" 4 x 2 ) 3 ( E. "32x 1" 4 x 2 ) 3 ! ! ! ! 6. The slope of the tangent line to y = A. ! 1 2 B. ! ! ! ! x at x = 4 is 2x "1 "1 14 C. 1 14 ! D. 1 49 E. ! "1 49 ! 7. The second derivative of f ( x ) = sin x cos x is ! www.MasterMathMentor.com 2 C. (cos x ) " (sin x ) B. "4 sin x cos x E. 2sin x " 2cos x A. 0 D. 2cos x " 2sin ! x ! ! 2 ! -2- Stu Schwartz 8. If f ("2) = 4 and f #("2) = "1, find the derivative of A. ! 3 4 B. 1 C. ! ! f ( x) at x = -2. x2 1 4 D. " ! 1 4 E. ! 9. Find the equation of the line tangent to y = sec x at x = $ 2 #' = 2& x " ) % 2 4( ! # D. y " 2 = x " 4 ! " . 4 $ #' B. y " 2 = 2 & x " ) % 4( $ #' E. y " 2 = "& x " ) % 4( A. y " ! ! ! ! $ #' C. y = 2 & x " ) % 4( ! 10. For how many values of x are the tangent lines to y = sin x + cos x and y = A. 0 1 2 B. 1 C. 2 D. 3 x3 x2 x " " parallel? 12 2 4 E. 4 ! www.MasterMathMentor.com -3- Stu Schwartz 11. Let f, g and their derivatives be defined by the table below. If the derivatives of f ( g( x )) and g( f ( x )) are equal at x = 3, what is the value of a? x 1 2 3 4 f ( x) 3 2 1 4 g( x ) 2 1 4 3 f "( x ) 4 3 4 2 g"( x ) a 1 2 3 A. 1 B. 2 C. 3 ! D. 4 E. Impossible ! Implicit Differentiation 12. If x 2 + xy " y = 7, find A. -3 dy at ( 3,"1) dx B. 1 C. " ! 5 2 D. -1 ! E. 1 2 ! 13. At which points is the tangent line to the curve 8x 2 + 2y 2 = 6xy + 14 vertical? I. (-2, -3) A. I only www.MasterMathMentor.com II (3, 8) B. II only ! III. (4, 6) C. III only -4- D. I and II only E. I and III only Stu Schwartz Continuity and Differentiability $ x 2 " 5x + 8, x # 3 14. If f ( x ) = % , describe the behavior of the graph of f ( x ) at x = 3 & x "1, x < 3 II. f ( x ) is continuous at x = 3 ! I. lim f ( x ) exists x "3 ! a) I only b) II only c) I and II only ! ! III. f ( x ) is differentiable at x = 3 d) I, II and III e) none are true ! Related Rates 15. Matthew is visiting Gregory at his home on North Street. Shortly after Matthew leaves, Gregory realizes that Matthew left his wallet and begins to chase him. When Gregory is 3 miles from the 90° intersection along North Street traveling at 45 mph towards the intersection, Matthew is 4 miles along East street traveling away from the intersection at 30 mph. At that time, how fast is the ! distance between the two men changing? A. getting closer at 3 mph C. getting closer at 51 mph E. getting closer at 18 mph B. getting further away at 51 mph D. Getting closer at 15 mph 16. A cylinder has both its height and radius changing. Its height is increasing at the rate of 3 meters/min. When the height of the cylinder is 8 meters and its radius is 2 meters, the volume is not changing. How fast is the radius decreasing in meters/min? (The volume of a cylinder is given by V = "r 2 h ). A. 3 B. 3 8 C. 6 D. 3" ! ! ! www.MasterMathMentor.com E. 6! -5- Stu Schwartz Function Analysis 17. Given that f ( x ) = x 3 find all values of x in the interval ("1,1) that satisfy the mean value theorem. A. 0 ! B. 1 3 ! 1 C. ± ! 3 D. 1 E. ± "1 ! ! 18. The graph of f ", the derivative of f is shown to the right for -2 ! x < 6. At what values of x does f have a horizontal tangent line? ! A. B. C. D. E. x = 0 only x = -1, x = 1, x = 4 x = 2 only x = -2, x = 2, x = 6 x = -2, x = 0, x = 2, x = 6 19. Given f (x) = 2 " x3 " x 2 . On what interval(s) is the graph of f concave upwards? 6 A. ("#,"2) B. ("#,2) C. ("2,#) ! ! ! ! www.MasterMathMentor.com ! D. (2,") ! -6- E. ("2,2) ! Stu Schwartz 20. The graph of f "( x ) , the derivative of f , is shown to the right. Which of the following statements is not true? A. ! B. C. D. E. f f f f f is increasing on 2 < x ! 4. has a local minimum at x = 1. has a local maximum at x = 0. has an inflection point at x = 1. is concave down on -2 ! x <1. 21. The graph of y = f ( x ) is to the right. At what point are both dy d2y > 0 and >0 ? dx dx 2 ! ! 22. If f ( x ) = ! A. B. C. D. E. 1 , where n > 0 and x > 0, describe the concavity of the graph of f ( x ) . xn Always concave up Always concave down Concave down if n < 1, concave up if n " 1 Concave up if n < 1, concave down if n " 1 Concave up if n < 2, concave down if n " 2 www.MasterMathMentor.com -7- ! Stu Schwartz Straight-Line Motion 23. A locomotive is moving along a straight track. Its velocity v of the locomotive at time t, 0 ! t ! 8 is given by the function whose graph is to the right. At what value of t does the locomotive change direction? A. 4 only B. 2 and 4 only C. 2, 4 and 6 only D. 1, 3, and 5 only E. 1, 3, 5 and 7 only 24. A particle moves along a horizontal line with position x ( t ) = A. Moving right and slowing down C. Moving left and slowing down E. Stopped ! 10 . Describe its motion at t = 1. t B. Moving right and speeding up D. Moving left and speeding up 25. A ball is thrown straight up from the top of a hill 30 feet high with initial velocity of 72 ft/sec. How high above level ground will the ball get? (objects subjected to gravity adhere to s( t ) = "16t 2 + v 0 t + s0 where s is the height of the object in feet, v 0 is the initial velocity and s0 is the initial height). A. 72 sec B. 81 feet ! www.MasterMathMentor.com C. 88 feet D. 111 ft ! E. 144 ft ! -8- Stu Schwartz Optimization 26. If f ( x ) = x3 " x 2 on ["2,3] , f ( x ) has an absolute minimum at 3 A. x = "2 B. x = 0 C. x = 2 D. x = 3 E. x = 0 and x = 2 ! ! ! ! ! ! ! 27. If the sum of two numbers x and y is 12, what is the maximum product of x 3 y ? A. 9 B. 27 C. 729 D. 2187 E. 19683 ! 28. f ( x ) = x2 + x " 4 cos(2x ) on [0, 2!] has a possible maximum slope at the x-value that solves the equation 4 x + 1" 8sin(2x ) = 0 2 1 D. + 16cos(2x ) = 0 2 x + 1+ 8sin(2x ) = 0 2 1 E. + 4 cos(2x ) = 0 2 A. ! B. ! ! ! ! www.MasterMathMentor.com C. x + 1+ 4 sin(2x ) = 0 2 ! -9- Stu Schwartz Indefinite Integration 29. # ( x 2 " 3x + 1" 5sin x ) dx x 3 3x 2 " " 5cos x + C 3 2 x 3 3x 2 D. " + x + 5cos x + C 3 2 A. ! ! B. C. x 3 3x 2 " + x " 5cos x + C 3 2 E. 2x " 3 " 5cos x + C ! ! ! ! ( 30. If f "( x ) = x 4 # x ) 2 and f (1) = 1, find f ( x ) x9 x3 5 + + 9 3 9 x9 x6 x3 1 D. " + + 9 3 3 9 x9 x6 " + 9 6 x9 x6 E. " + 9 3 A. ! x 3 3x 2 " + 5cos x + C 3 2 B. ! ! ! ! www.MasterMathMentor.com x 3 13 + 3 18 x3 +1 3 C. x9 x6 x3 8 " + + 9 3 3 9 ! - 10 - Stu Schwartz