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ITT Technical Institute PH2530 Physics Onsite Course SYLLABUS Credit hours: 4.5 Contact/Instructional hours: 56 (34 Theory Hours, 22 Lab Hours) Prerequisite(s) and/or Corequisite(s): Prerequisites: MA1310 College Mathematics II or equivalent Course Description: This course introduces students to the principles of general physics. Practical applications demonstrate the theory. This course includes a laboratory component. Physics Syllabus Where Does This Course Belong? Program Scope General Education courses include courses in the humanities, composition, mathematics, the sciences, and the social sciences. Program Goals and Objectives General Education courses are designed to provide ITT Tech students with a well-rounded education in the context of their technical programs. Each course emphasizes one or more of ITT Tech’s General Education Student Learning Outcomes. 1. The student will be able to demonstrate personal responsibility. 2. The student will be able to analyze information. 3. The student will be able to solve complex problems. 4. The student will be able to communicate effectively in oral, written, and visual forms. 5. The student will be able to contribute as a member of a team. 6. The student will be able to pursue lifelong learning opportunities. 1 Date: 7/11/2013 Physics Syllabus The following diagram demonstrates how this course fits in the program: Science General Studies Mathematics Composition Humanities Science Social Science AP2630 Human Anatomy and Physiology II SC1130 Survey of the Sciences PH2530 Physics AP2530 Human Anatomy and Physiology I SC2730 Microbiology MA1310 College Mathematics II GS1140 Problem Solving Theory Physics MA1210 College Mathematics I Science Courses General Studies Courses 2 Mathematics Courses Composition Courses Prerequisite or Corequisite Date: 7/11/2013 Physics Syllabus Course Summary Major Instructional Areas 1. Classical mechanics 2. Electromagnetism 3. Thermodynamics 4. Modern Physics Detailed Topical Outline 1. Scientific Method 1.1. Five-step method 1.1.1. Observation 1.1.2. Hypothesis 1.1.3. Prediction 1.1.4. Test prediction 1.1.5. Draw conclusion 1.2. Facts, theory, and hypothesis 2. Scientific Measurements and Units 2.1. Metric units 2.2. Unit conversion 3. Kinematics: Description of Motion 3.1. Kinematic quantities 3.1.1. Displacement 3.1.2. Distance 3.1.3. Speed 3.1.4. Velocity 3.1.5. Acceleration 3.2. Free fall 4. Dynamics: Description of Force and Motion 4.1. Newton's laws 4.1.1. 1st Law–Inertia 4.1.1.1. Distinguish mass and weight 4.1.2. 2nd Law–Force = (mass) (acceleration) 4.1.2.1. Definition of force 4.1.2.2. Balanced forces 3 Date: 7/11/2013 Physics Syllabus 4.1.2.3. Net force 4.1.3. 3rd Law–Law of Action/Reaction 4.1.3.1. Action/reaction pairs 4.2. Free-body diagrams 5. Work and Energy 5.1. Definition of mechanical work 5.2. Calculations 5.2.1. Work 5.2.2. Kinetic energy 5.2.3. Potential energy 5.3. Work-energy theorem 6. Linear Momentum and Collisions 6.1. Conservation of momentum 6.2. Elastic and inelastic collisions 6.3. Impulse 6.3.1. Force and momentum 6.3.2. Stopping time 7. Angular Momentum and Torque 7.1. Rotational motion 7.1.1. Rotational inertia 7.1.2. Lever arms 7.1.3. Conservation of angular momentum 7.2. Torque 8. Gravity 8.1. Newton's law of gravitation 8.1.1. Gravitational potential energy 8.1.2. Projectile Motion 8.1.3. Satellites 8.1.3.1. Circular orbit 8.1.3.2. Elliptical orbit 8.1.3.3. Escape velocity 8.2. Inverse-square law 9. Fluids 9.1. Pressure and Pascal’s Principle 9.1.1. Density 9.1.2. Pressure as a function of depth 9.2. Archimedes' Principle 4 Date: 7/11/2013 Physics Syllabus 9.3. Buoyancy 9.4. Flowing fluids 9.4.1. Bernoulli's Principle 10. Temperature and Heat 10.1. Difference between temperature and heat 10.2. Specific heat capacity 10.2.1. Thermal expansion 10.2.2. Heat of fusion 10.2.3. Heat of vaporization 10.3. Laws of Thermodynamics 10.3.1. 1st Law–Conservation of Energy 10.3.2. 2nd Law–Law of Entropy 10.3.3. 3rd Law–Law of Absolute Zero 11. Electricity and Magnetism 11.1. Coulomb's Law 11.1.1. Test charge 11.1.2. Electric field 11.1.3. Electric potential 11.2. Circuits 11.2.1. AC and DC 11.2.2. Ohm's Law 11.2.3. Parallel and Series 11.3. Magnetism 11.3.1. Current and magnetism 11.3.2. Motors and generators 12. Vibrations and Waves 12.1. Waves 12.1.1. Wavelength 12.1.2. Amplitude 12.1.3. Frequency 12.1.4. Period 12.1.5. Velocity 12.2. Transverse and longitudinal waves 12.3. Interference 12.4. Doppler Effect 13. Physical Optics 13.1. Law of reflection 5 Date: 7/11/2013 Physics Syllabus 13.2. Laws of refraction 13.3. Total internal reflection 13.4. Electromagnetic spectrum 14. Introduction to Modern Physics 14.1. Photoelectric effect 14.2. Bohr's atomic model 14.3. Radioactivity 14.3.1. Half-life 14.3.2. Radiometric dating 14.4. Fission and fusion Course Objectives 1. Apply scientific methods to analyze graphical data and predictions. 2. Use units and measurements to solve conversion problems. 3. Apply concepts of kinematics and dynamics to solve problems involving motion. 4. Apply Newton’s three laws to solve problems. 5. Use energy and momentum concepts to solve motion problems. 6. Apply Newton’s law of gravitation. 7. Apply pressure, density, buoyancy, and Pascal’s Principle to solve problems. 8. Apply the concepts of density, pressure, temperature, and heat to different phases of matter. 9. Use the concepts of electric and magnetic fields to solve problems in electrostatics, electric current, and magnetism. 10. Apply properties of waves to sound and light. 11. Use the principles of modern physics to explain basic ideas of quantum mechanics. 12. Use the ITT Tech Virtual Library and other ITT Tech resources to research various topics as appropriate. 6 Date: 7/11/2013 Physics Syllabus Learning Materials and References Required Resources New to this Course Textbook Package Carried over from Previous Course(s) Required for Subsequent Course(s) Carried over from Previous Course(s) Required for Subsequent Course(s) Hewitt, P. G. (2008). Conceptual physics fundamentals. n Boston, MA: Pearson Addison-Wesley. Wright, B. (2010). Physics lab manual. (Custom 2nd ed.). Indianapolis, IN: Pearson Learning Solutions. PhET Interactive Simulations for Physics [CD]. (2012) n n New to this Course Other Items PhET: Interactive Simulations—University of Colorado at Boulder Faraday’s Electromagnetic Lab: http://phet.colorado.edu/en/simulation/faraday n Bending Light http://phet.colorado.edu/en/simulation/bendinglight Recommended Equipment: Scientific calculator (Casio fx-115/MS) Web2.0calc: http://web2.0calc.com/ (accessed OR n 12/22/11) This web page contains a free online scientific calculator. Technology Requirements Intel Pentium processor Microsoft Windows XP/Vista/7 256MB RAM minimum Approximately 267 MB available disk space (for full installation) 1024x768 screen resolution or better Sun Java 1.5.0_15 or later 7 Date: 7/11/2013 Physics Syllabus Adobe Flash Player 9 or later Microsoft Internet Explorer 6 or later, Firefox 2 or later Recommended Resources Books, Professional Journals Benenson, W., Harris, J. W., Stöcker, H., & Lutz, H. (2006). Handbook of physics. New York, NY: Springer Publishing Co. ITT Tech Virtual Library (accessed via Student Portal) Reference Resources o Access Science o Mathematics School of Study: General Education o Tutorial Links Math Tutorials from Brightstorm Physics Tutorials Physics Videos from Brightstorm The Physics Classroom Books 24x7 o Kodicek, D. (2005). Mathematics and physics for programmers. Stamford, CT: Cengage Charles River Media. Other References Physics Forums http://www.physicsforums.com/ (accessed 10/03/11) A discussion forum for questions and answers, guidance, and links to tutorials Physics Today http://www.physicstoday.org/ (accessed 10/03/11) The web site of Physics Today magazine, a publication of the American Institute of Physics, with news about related science, politics, and policy Scientific American Magazine http://www.scientificamerican.com/sciammag/ (accessed 10/03/2011) Web site of the 150-year-old magazine covering science and technology issues Free Online MIT Course Materials http://ocw.mit.edu/OcwWeb/Physics/index.htm (accessed 10/03/2011) 8 Date: 7/11/2013 Physics Syllabus Portal page for course materials such as videos, lecture notes, assignments and solutions, images, and online textbooks for various physics courses taught at MIT 9 Date: 7/11/2013 Physics Syllabus Related sites: o Lewin’s MIT Physics 8.01 video: Classical Mechanics o Lewin’s MIT Physics 8.02 video: Electricity and Magnetism o Lewin’s MIT Physics 8.03 video: Vibrations and Waves Free online math videos http://www.cosmolearning.com/courses/math-110-college-algebra-406/ (accessed 10/03/2011) Free online math and physics videos and practice http://www.khanacademy.org/about (accessed 10/03/20100) NOTE: All links are subject to change without prior notice. Information Search Use the following keywords to search for additional online resources that may be used for supporting your work on the course assignments: Scientific method Hypothesis Momentum Photoelectric effect Magnetic field Angular momentum Escape velocity Doppler effect Total Internal reflection 10 Date: 7/11/2013 Physics Syllabus Course Plan Suggested Learning Approach In this course, you will be studying individually and within a group of your peers. As you work on the course deliverables, you are encouraged to share ideas with your peers and instructor, work collaboratively on projects and team assignments, raise critical questions, and provide constructive feedback. Use the following advice to receive maximum learning benefits from your participation in this course: DO DON’T Do take a proactive learning approach. Don’t assume there is only one correct Do share your thoughts on critical issues answer to a question. and potential problem solutions. Don’t be afraid to share your perspective on Do plan your course work in advance. the issues analyzed in the course. Do explore a variety of learning resources in Don’t be negative about the points of view that addition to the textbook. are different from yours. Do offer relevant examples from your Don’t underestimate the impact of experience. collaboration on your learning. Do make an effort to understand different Don’t limit your course experience to reading points of view. the textbook. Do connect concepts explored in this Don’t postpone your work on the course course to real-life professional situations deliverables – work on small assignment and your own experiences. components every day. 11 Date: 7/11/2013 Physics Syllabus Course Outline Unit 1: THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD AND 1-D MOTION Upon completion of this unit, students are expected to: Identify the steps in the scientific method. Distinguish among observations, facts, hypotheses, laws, and principles. Use the scientific method to predict the outcome of an experiment. Distinguish between systems of units. Identify the Système International (SI). Specify the references for the three main base units of the SI system. Use common metric prefixes and nonstandard metric units. Use conversion-factor relationships to convert units within a system or from one system of units to another. Identify graphs of directly proportional, inversely proportional, power, and inverse square relationships. Apply concepts of kinematics and dynamics to solve problems involving linear motion. Distinguish between vector and scalar quantities. Define displacement, distance, speed, velocity, and acceleration. Describe linear and rotational motion. Distinguish between instantaneous and average velocity. Calculate acceleration. Describe the motion of an object in free fall. Use the kinematic equations to solve problems involving motion. Use graphs to describe distance and speed as time changes. Out-of-class work: 9 hours GRADED ACTIVITIES / DELIVERABLES READING ASSIGNMENT Grading Category Hewitt, Chapter 1, pp. 1-7 Hewitt, Appendix A Hewitt, Chapter 3 Problem Set Assignment Lab Activity/Deliverable Title Unit 1 Problem Set 1: Solving Algebraic Equations Unit 1 Assignment 1: The Scientific Method and Newton’s Laws Unit 1 Lab 1: Kinematics in One Dimension 12 Grade Allocation (% of all graded work) 1.5% 2% 3% Date: 7/11/2013 Physics Syllabus Unit 2: NEWTON’S LAWS Upon completion of this unit, students are expected to: Describe force as it applies to linear motion. Explain what is meant by a net or unbalanced force. Explain Newton's first law of motion. Explain Newton's second law of motion. Apply Newton's second law of motion to physical situations. Distinguish between weight and mass. Explain Newton's third law of motion. Identify action-reaction force pairs. Use Newton's second law to determine forces acting on an object and the acceleration produced by a net force. Use free-body diagrams to represent forces acting on an object. Explain the concept of translational and rotational equilibrium. Define torque as it applies to rotation. Explain what is meant by a net or unbalanced torque. Describe inertia and rotational inertia and its relationship to mass. Out-of-class work: 9 hours GRADED ACTIVITIES / DELIVERABLES READING ASSIGNMENT Grading Category Hewitt, Chapter 4 Hewitt, Appendix B (pp. 379-381) Hewitt, Appendix C Problem Set Assignment Lab Activity/Deliverable Title Unit 2 Problem Set 1: Newton’s Second Law Unit 2 Assignment 1: Newton’s Laws (PORTFOLIO) Unit 2 Lab 1: Forces in One Dimension 13 Grade Allocation (% of all graded work) 1.5% 2% 3% Date: 7/11/2013 Physics Syllabus Unit 3: MOMENTUM AND ENERGY Upon completion of this unit, students are expected to: Define mechanical work. Describe the concept of work as it applies to motion. Define kinetic energy. Use the work-energy theorem to solve problems. Describe gravitational potential energy and the elastic potential energy of a spring. Calculate linear momentum and the components of momentum. Describe how impulse affects changes in momentum. Define conservation of linear momentum. Define angular momentum for rotating objects. Define conservation of angular momentum. Describe how energy affects changes in motion. Apply the condition for the conservation of energy to physical situations. Out-of-class work: 9 hours GRADED ACTIVITIES / DELIVERABLES READING ASSIGNMENT Grading Category Hewitt, Chapter 5 Hewitt, Appendix B Problem Set Assignment Lab Activity/Deliverable Title Unit 3 Problem Set 1: Conservation of Energy and Momentum Unit 3 Assignment 1: Momentum and Energy Unit 3 Lab 1: Energy 14 Grade Allocation (% of all graded work) 1.5% 2% 3% Date: 7/11/2013 Physics Syllabus Unit 4: GRAVITATION, SATELLITES, AND PROJECTILE MOTION Upon completion of this unit, students are expected to: Describe the motion of an object in two dimensions. Explain Newton's law of gravitation. Define the universal gravitational constant. Describe the significance of the inverse-square law. Describe how Newton's law of gravitation applies to orbital motion. Use two-dimensional motion to calculate the range, maximum height, and time of flight for a projectile. Out-of-class work: 9 hours GRADED ACTIVITIES / DELIVERABLES READING ASSIGNMENT Grading Category Hewitt, Chapter 6 Exam Problem Set Assignment Lab Activity/Deliverable Title Unit 4 Exam 1 (Units 1, 2, 3) Unit 4 Problem Set 1: Derivation of g Unit 4 Assignment 1: Gravitation, Satellites, and Projectile Motion Unit 4 Lab 1: Two-Dimensional Motion Unit 5: Fluid Mechanics Upon completion of this unit, students are expected to: Explain the pressure-depth relationship. Define Pascal's Principle. Describe how to use Pascal's Principle in practical applications. Describe Archimedes' Principle. Determine if an object will float in a fluid based on its relative densities. Use the continuity equation and Bernoulli's equation to explain common effects of ideal fluid flow. Grade Allocation (% of all graded work) 7% 1.5% 2% 3% Out-of-class work: 9 hours GRADED ACTIVITIES / DELIVERABLES READING ASSIGNMENT Activity/Deliverable Title Grade Allocation (% of all graded work) Unit 5 Problem Set 1: Buoyancy of a Boat Unit 5 Assignment 1: Fluid Mechanics Unit 5 Lab 1: Gas Properties 1.5% 2% 3% Grading Category Hewitt, Chapter 7 Problem Set Assignment Lab 15 Date: 7/11/2013 Physics Syllabus Unit 6: TEMPERATURE AND HEAT Upon completion of this unit, students are expected to: Distinguish between temperature and heat. Describe temperature in terms of the kinetic energy of atoms. Distinguish between internal energy and heat. Define the laws of thermodynamics. Define specific heat. Calculate the thermal expansions of solids and liquids. Describe how water's high specific-heat capacity affects climate. Give examples and applications of thermal expansion of solids. Define modes of heat transfer. Identify the different phases of matter. Calculate the effect of adding or subtracting heat to matter leading to phase transitions. Out-of-class work: 9 hours GRADED ACTIVITIES / DELIVERABLES READING ASSIGNMENT Grading Category Hewitt, Chapter 2, Sections 2.1-2.2, pp. 13-15 Hewitt, Chapter 8 Hewitt, Chapter 9, Sections 9.1-9.3 and 9.6-9.9, pp. 175-184, 186-192 Problem Set Assignment Lab Activity/Deliverable Title Unit 6 Problem Set 1: Applying Thermal Expansion Unit 6 Assignment 1: Temperature and Heat Unit 6 Lab 1: Temperature and Heat 16 Grade Allocation (% of all graded work) 1.5% 2% 3% Date: 7/11/2013 Physics Syllabus Unit 7: STATIC AND CURRENT ELECTRICITY Upon completion of this unit, students are expected to: Describe the concept of electric charges. Identify Coulomb's Law. Use the concept of electric force to solve problems with static charges. Describe relationships among the concepts of electrostatic forces, electric fields, and electric potentials. Describe the difference between AC and DC current. Identify Ohm's Law. Use Ohm's Law to find voltages and currents in DC circuits. Apply Ohm's Law to simple series and parallel circuits. Out-of-class work: 9 hours GRADED ACTIVITIES / DELIVERABLES READING ASSIGNMENT Grading Category Hewitt, Chapter 10 Exam Problem Set Assignment Lab Activity/Deliverable Title Unit 7 Exam 2 (Units 4, 5, and 6) Unit 7 Problem Set 1: Calculating a Charge Unit 7 Assignment 1: Static and Current Electricity Unit 7 Lab 1: Electricity Unit 8: MAGNETISM Upon completion of this unit, students are expected to: Identify the nature of magnetic forces. Describe the magnetic force on a moving charge. Describe the relationship between electric currents and magnetic fields. Describe how electric generators, transformers, and motors work. Describe Faraday's law for electromagnetic induction. Grade Allocation (% of all graded work) 7% 1.5% 2% 3% Out-of-class work: 9 hours GRADED ACTIVITIES / DELIVERABLES READING ASSIGNMENT Grading Category Hewitt, Chapter 11 Problem Set Assignment Lab Activity/Deliverable Title Unit 8 Problem Set 1: Stepping Up Unit 8 Assignment 1: Magnetism Unit 8 Lab 1: Electromagnetism 17 Grade Allocation (% of all graded work) 1.5% 2% 3% Date: 7/11/2013 Physics Syllabus Unit 9: WAVES Upon completion of this unit, students are expected to: Apply properties of waves to sound and light. Differentiate between vibrations and waves. Define the properties of waves. Calculate the velocity, amplitude, wavelength, and frequency of a wave. Differentiate between transverse and longitudinal waves. Describe forced vibrations and resonance. Explain the sound frequency spectrum. Describe how the speed of sound differs in different media. Apply constructive and destructive interference properties to sound waves. Describe the Doppler effect of sound waves. Define the electromagnetic spectrum. Explain the law of reflection as it applies to light. Explain refraction in terms of the index of refraction of transparent media. Describe total internal reflection. Out-of-class work: 9 hours GRADED ACTIVITIES / DELIVERABLES READING ASSIGNMENT Grading Category Hewitt, Chapter 12, pp. 246-251, 256260 Hewitt, Chapter 13, pp. 271-272 Hewitt, Chapter 14, pp. 294-299, 302303, 310-312 Problem Set Assignment Lab Activity/Deliverable Title Unit 9 Problem Set 1: The Doppler Effect Unit 9 Assignment 1: Waves Unit 9 Lab 1: Waves 18 Grade Allocation (% of all graded work) 1.5% 2% 3% Date: 7/11/2013 Physics Syllabus Unit 10: INTRODUCTION TO MODERN PHYSICS Upon completion of this unit, students are expected to: Apply quantum theory to the photoelectric effect. Identify how Bohr's atomic model uses quantum ideas. Explain emission and absorption spectra in terms of quantum theory. Define radioactivity. Explain radioactive half-life. Define radiometric dating. Distinguish between nuclear fusion and fission. Out-of-class work: 9 hours GRADED ACTIVITIES / DELIVERABLES READING ASSIGNMENT Activity/Deliverable Title Grade Allocation (% of all graded work) Unit 10 Exam 3 (Units 7, 8, and 9) Unit 10 Problem Set 1: Dating an Artifact Unit 10 Assignment 1: Quantum Pioneers Unit 10 Lab 1: Quantum Theory 7% 1.5% 2% 3% Grading Category Hewitt, Chapter 15 Hewitt, Chapter 16 Exam Problem Set Assignment Lab Unit 11: COURSE REVIEW AND FINAL EXAM Out-of-class work: 9 hours GRADED ACTIVITIES / DELIVERABLES READING ASSIGNMENT Grading Category Exam None Activity/Deliverable Title Final Exam Grade Allocation (% of all graded work) 14% Note: Your instructor may add a few learning activities that will change the grade allocation for each assignment in a category. The overall category percentages will not change. Evaluation and Grading Evaluation Criteria The graded assignments will be evaluated using the following weighted categories: Category Assignment Problem Set Lab Exam TOTAL Weight 20% 15% 30% 35% 100% 19 Date: 7/11/2013 Physics Syllabus Grade Conversion The final grades will be calculated from the percentages earned in the course, as follows: Grade A B+ B C+ C D+ D F Percentage Credit 90–100% 85–89% 80–84% 75–79% 70–74% 65–69% 60–64% <60% 4.0 3.5 3.0 2.5 2.0 1.5 1.0 0.0 Academic Integrity All students must comply with the policies that regulate all forms of academic dishonesty, or academic misconduct, including plagiarism, self-plagiarism, fabrication, deception, cheating, and sabotage. For more information on the academic honesty policies, refer to the Student Handbook and the Course Catalog. (End of Syllabus) 20 Date: 7/11/2013