IRAS e-Tax Guide GST Guide for the Logistics Service Industry

Document technical information

Format pdf
Size 451.5 kB
First found Jun 9, 2017

Document content analysis

Language
English
Type
not defined
Concepts
no text concepts found

Persons

Hank Snow
Hank Snow

wikipedia, lookup

Organizations

Places

Transcript

IRAS e-Tax Guide
GST Guide for the Logistics Service Industry
Published by
Inland Revenue Authority of Singapore
Published on 28 Aug 2012
Disclaimers: IRAS shall not be responsible or held accountable in any way for any damage, loss
or expense whatsoever, arising directly or indirectly from any inaccuracy or incompleteness in
the Contents of this e-Tax Guide, or errors or omissions in the transmission of the Contents.
IRAS shall not be responsible or held accountable in any way for any decision made or action
taken by you or any third party in reliance upon the Contents in this e-Tax Guide. This
information aims to provide a better general understanding of taxpayers’ tax obligations and is
not intended to comprehensively address all possible tax issues that may arise. While every
effort has been made to ensure that this information is consistent with existing law and practice,
should there be any changes, IRAS reserves the right to vary our position accordingly.
© Inland Revenue Authority of Singapore
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or
by any means, including photocopying and recording without the written permission of the
copyright holder, application for which should be addressed to the publisher. Such written
permission must also be obtained before any part of this publication is stored in a retrieval
system of any nature.
1
Table of Contents
Page
1
Aim ........................................................................................................ 3
2
Overview ............................................................................................... 3
3
International Transportation of Goods ............................................. 10
4
Local Transportation within Singapore, provided together with
International Transportation of Goods ............................................. 12
5
Local Transportation of Goods within Singapore (but outside
FTZs or designated areas) only ........................................................ 13
6
Handling Services and Storage Services within FTZ or
designated area .................................................................................. 18
7
Handling Services within Singapore but outside FTZs or
designated areas ................................................................................ 22
8
Storage Services within Singapore but outside FTZs or
designated areas ................................................................................ 29
9
Illustration on the GST Treatment of the Logistics Services .......... 34
10
Importing Goods on behalf of your Customers ............................... 36
11
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) .................................................. 38
12
Contact Information ........................................................................... 38
Annex A – List of Free Trade Zones (FTZs) and Designated Areas of
a Port, Terminal and Airport .............................................................. 39
Annex B – Categories of Logistics Services .............................................. 41
Annex C – List of International Services for the Logistics Service
Industry ............................................................................................... 43
Annex D – List of Handling Activities that may be performed by the
Logistics Service Industry ................................................................. 46
2
GST Guide for the Logistics Service Industry
1
Aim
1.1
This guide serves to:

explain the GST principles relevant to the logistics service
industry; and

clarify the GST treatment on some of the more common services
provided by businesses in the logistics service industry1.
1.2
You should read this guide if you are GST-registered and are in the
business of providing logistics services such as transportation, goods
handling (e.g. labeling, re-packing, inventory control, etc) and storage
of goods.
2
Overview
Services provided by logistics businesses
2.1
2.2
In the logistics service business, there are three main categories of
services:

Transportation Services (including ancillary handling activities
such as stuffing, loading and unloading)

Handling Services

Storage Services
The transportation, handling and storage services may be provided in
any of the three main geographical regions:

Outside Singapore;

Within the Free Trade Zones (FTZs) or designated areas of a
port, terminal and airport (hereafter referred as “designated
areas”); or

Within
Singapore
(including
Zero-GST/Licensed/Bonded
warehouses) but outside the FTZs or designated areas.
[Annex A shows the list of FTZs and Designated Areas. Annex B
lists some examples of the logistics services provided in each of
these three geographical regions.]
Zero-rating of Services
2.3
1
Generally, all supplies of services made in Singapore in the course
or furtherance of your business are subject to GST at the prevailing
rate.
This e-Tax Guide replaces the IRAS’s e-Tax Guide “GST Guide for the Freight
th
Forwarding Industry (4 Edition)” published on 01 Jun 2010.
3
2.4
You can zero-rate (i.e. charge GST at 0%) your supply of services to
your customers only if your supply fulfils specific conditions to qualify
as an international service under Section 21(3) of the GST Act. In
addition, you must support with documentary evidence or records
that the conditions for zero-rating are satisfied.
2.5
The relevant zero-rating provisions in the GST Act applicable to the
logistics service industry are:
Section 21(3)(a), (b)
and (c)
International transportation (including local
transportation and handling services ancillary
to international transportation)
Section 21(3)(l)
Handling or storage services provided within
FTZs and designated areas on imported
goods or goods for export
Section 21(3)(k)
Handling, transportation, or storage services
provided within Singapore (but outside FTZs
and designated areas) at the first leg of
import to an overseas customer in business
capacity
Section 21(3)(g)
Services provided to an overseas customer
that are supplied directly in connection with
goods for exports
[The list of zero-rating provisions for international services that are
relevant to the logistics service industry can be found in Annex C.]
2.6
An overview of the applicable zero-rating conditions for
Transportation, Handling and Storage Services provided in each of
the three main geographical regions is shown in Tables 1, 2 and 3
respectively in the subsequent pages.
2.7
The details of GST treatment of the various logistics services are
elaborated in later parts of this guide.
4
Table 1: Zero-Rating of Transportation Services
Geographical
regions
Services
Only international
transportation
services
To / From
outside
Singapore
Within FTZ or
designated
area
Always zero-rated2
to both local and overseas
customers.
Within Singapore but outside
FTZs or designated areas
Not applicable
[Refer to paragraph 3.]
International
and local
transportation
services (when
provided together
as one supply)
Zero-rated only if contractually provided by same supplier2 and 3 .
Can zero-rate to both local and overseas customers.
[Refer to paragraph 4.]
Zero-rated only under these
scenarios:
Scenario 1
Only local
transportation
services
Zero-rated4
only if on
imported
goods or
goods for
export.
Not
applicable
[Regarded as
part and parcel
of handling
services within
FTZ or
designated area.
Refer to
paragraph 6.]
Local transportation services are
supplied to an overseas customer
in business capacity5 for the first
leg of import*.
* First leg of import means from
the entry point in Singapore (i.e.
FTZ or designated area) to the
first destination6 in Singapore.
[Refer to paragraphs 5.3 and 5.4.]
Scenario 2
Local transportation services are
supplied to an overseas customer
(in business or personal capacity)
on goods for export7.
[Refer to paragraphs 5.5 to 5.8.]
2
3
4
5
6
7
This is under Section 21(3)(a) and (c) of the GST Act.
This is under Section 21(3)(b) of the GST Act.
This is under Section 21(3)(l) of the GST Act.
This is under Section 21(3)(k) of the GST Act.
The first destination in Singapore is usually the place stated on consignment note or any
other supporting documents for the import. If the place is unknown, then it would be the
first place in Singapore that the goods are transported to from the FTZ or designated
area.
This is under Section 21(3)(g) of the GST Act.
5
Table 2: Zero-rating of Handling Services
Geographical
regions
Services
To / From
outside
Singapore
Within FTZ or
designated
area
Within Singapore but
outside FTZs or
designated areas
Zero-rated only under these
scenarios:
Scenario 1
Handling services are supplied
to an overseas customer (in
business or personal capacity)
on goods for export8.
[Refer to paragraphs 7.4 to 7.8.]
Scenario 2
Handling
services
[Refer to Annex D
for the list of
handling activities
that may be
performed by the
logistics service
industry.]
Not
applicable
Handling services are supplied
Zero-rated4 only
to an overseas customer in
if on imported
business capacity for the first
goods or goods
leg of import9 (i.e. from FTZ or
for export.
[Refer to
paragraph 6.]
designated area to first
destination in Singapore).
[Refer to paragraphs 7.9 to 7.11.]
Scenario 3
Ancillary10 handling services
provided together with both
international and local
transportation services are
contractually provided by same
supplier to a customer (i.e.
local or overseas).
[Refer to paragraphs 7.12 and
7.13.]
8
9
10
This is under section 21(3)(g) of the GST Act.
This is under section 21(3)(k) of the GST Act.
This is under section 21(3)(a), (b) and (c) of the GST Act.
6
Table 3: Zero-rating of Storage Services
Geographical
regions
Services
To / From
outside
Singapore
Within FTZ
or
designated
area
Within Singapore but
outside FTZs or
designated areas
Zero-rated only under these
scenarios11:
Scenario 1
Storage services provided at
the first leg of import (i.e. from
Storage services
Not
applicable
Zero-rated4
only if on
imported
goods or
goods for
export.
[Refer to
paragraphs 6.3,
6.7 to 6.11]
FTZ or designated area to first
destination in Singapore) are
supplied to an overseas
customer in business capacity,
where the supplier must also
provide transportation services
for the first leg12.
[Refer to paragraphs 8.3 and 8.4.]
Scenario 2
Storage services are supplied
to an overseas customer (in
business or personal capacity)
on goods for export13.
[Refer to paragraphs 8.5 to 8.8.]
11
12
13
In addition to these scenarios, storage services performed on qualifying goods stored in
Approved Specialised Warehouses can be zero-rated to overseas persons under the
Specialised Warehouse Scheme. For more information on this scheme, please refer to
our e-Tax Guide “GST: Specialised Warehouse Scheme and Zero-rating of Supplies”
which can be downloaded from www.iras.gov.sg.
This is under section 21(3)(k) of the GST Act.
This is under section 21(3)(g) of the GST Act.
7
Recovery of costs
 When is it a supply made by you (i.e. reimbursement)?
2.8
In your billings for the services provided, you usually itemize the
various charges. Besides the charges for the main services provided
by you (i.e. Transportation, Handling and Storage Services), your
invoice may also include recovery of the costs you have incurred as
a principal.
You incurred the cost as a principal if:
2.9
a)
You have purchased the goods or services from the
supplier in your own capacity; and
b)
You are legally liable to pay the supplier for the
goods or services billed to you.
For GST purpose, the recovery of costs (incurred by you as principal)
is termed as reimbursement and will form part of the supply of your
services to your customer. Thus, the GST treatment of the
reimbursement will follow that of your supply.
2.10 Therefore, if you are recovering costs that are related to your main
services provided to your customer, the GST treatment of the
reimbursement will follow that of the main services (e.g.
transportation, handling, storage services) provided by you. To
decide whether GST is chargeable at 7% or 0% for the
reimbursement, you have to ascertain which type of services the
costs recovered are primarily for. This is because there are different
zero-rating rules for Transportation, Handling and Storage Services.
2.11 Examples of recovery of costs incurred as a principal which are
reimbursements include wharf handling charges and container freight
station charges.
2.12 There may be instances where the recovery of cost does not relate to
any supply of goods or services by you. Instead, the recovery of cost
arises from you helping a third party (e.g. your related company) to
purchase the goods or services for reasons of convenience or costs
saving, etc.
2.13 In such instance, the GST treatment of the recovery of costs
(incurred by you as principal) with no mark-up will follow that of the
goods or services you originally purchased. If you charge a mark-up
for the additional service you are providing, the mark-up is treated as
a separate supply of administrative / arranging / facilitation service.
The GST treatment is then decided separately from the recovery of
costs.
8
Recovery of costs
 When is it not a supply made by you (i.e. disbursement)?
2.14
Where the costs recovered from your customers are not those
incurred by you as a principal, but you have merely made payment
on behalf of your customer, such cost recovery is termed as
disbursement for GST purpose.
2.15
Disbursement is not subject to GST, as it is not a supply made by
you. For the costs paid on behalf of your customer, you cannot claim
the GST incurred as the supply is made to your customer.
2.16
Examples of disbursement are:
- recovery of import GST paid by you on behalf of your customer
who is the importer on record;
- recovery of freight or insurance charges paid by you when the
freight or insurance services are separately contracted by your
customer with the supplier.
9
3
International Transportation of Goods
3.1
Generally, the provision of international transportation services
involves transport of goods or passengers by air, land or sea either
from or to a place outside Singapore, or between two places outside
Singapore.
3.2
In the logistics service industry, the services provided for transporting
or arranging the transport of goods are international services and
may be zero-rated14 where the transport is:
(i) By air or land –
 from a place outside Singapore to another place outside
Singapore; or
 from a place in Singapore to a place outside Singapore; or
 from a place outside Singapore to a place in Singapore.
(ii) By sea –
 from a place outside Singapore to another place outside
Singapore; or
 from a place in Singapore to international waters; or
 from international waters to a place in Singapore.
3.3
You can zero-rate the above international transportation services to
both local and overseas customers.
3.4
Examples of international transportation services which can be zerorated are ocean freight, air freight and freight-related charges.
Example 1
A freight forwarder provides international transportation of goods
from China to Singapore by sea to a customer in China and a
customer in Singapore. The ocean freight charged by the freight
forwarder to both the customers in China and in Singapore can
be zero-rated.
3.5
14
Freight-related charges in relation to international transportation
include fuel surcharge, terminal handling charges, agency fees and
documentation fees (such as delivery order fees, air waybill / bill of
lading fees, bill of lading surrender fees and fees for other shipping
documents). All such billings that relate to international transportation
services can be zero-rated.
This is under Section 21(3)(a) and (c) of the GST Act.
10
3.6
Sea freight containers are usually provided by shipping lines to the
customers as part of the freight services to load the goods for
transportation. In the course of providing transportation services, you
may incur Depot Handling Charges15 (DHC) upon the collection or
return of the container at the depot.
3.7
If you have contracted and arranged with the shipping line for freight
services so as to provide international transportation services to your
customers (e.g. in the case of consolidated shipment for various
shippers), your recovery of DHC from the customers will be a
reimbursement. It forms part of your supply of international
transportation services and can be zero-rated.
3.8
If you did not arrange with the shipping line for freight services and
are only providing local transportation of goods which includes
returning or collecting the containers to or from the depot, your
payment of DHC to the depot operators is only a payment made on
behalf of your customers (who have arranged for the freight
services). In this instance, your recovery of DHC from the customers
is a disbursement and is not subject to GST.
15
Depot Handling Charge (DHC) is a fee levied by depot operators whenever a container
enters/leaves the depot. It is a consideration for the supply of surveying service
performed by the depot operators on the container before it can be admitted or
discharged into/from the depot area.
11
4
Local Transportation within Singapore, provided together with
International Transportation of Goods
4.1
Local transportation services may be provided within Singapore as
part of the international transportation to move the goods to its
requested destination.
4.2
You can zero-rate16 the entire transportation services (both
international and local segments) to local or overseas customers if
you are the same service provider for both the international and local
transportation. You need not physically perform both the services but
you must contractually supply both the international transport and the
local transport to the customer.
Example 2
A freight forwarder ships goods for customer from Singapore to
overseas and also transports the goods from the customer’s
warehouse to the port in Singapore for export. The charges for
the entire transportation services (both international and local
segments) can be zero-rated.
4.3
16
Your billings for transport activities performed in Singapore (such as
trucking and fuel charges, ancillary handling charges – e.g. loading,
unloading, labour charges) can also be zero-rated if you are
providing it as part of the international transportation of goods.
This is provided for under Section 21(3)(a), (b) and (c) of the GST Act.
12
5
Local Transportation of Goods within Singapore (but outside
FTZs or designated areas) only
5.1
Where only local transport is provided within Singapore (including to
or from Zero-GST/Licensed/Bonded warehouses), you are providing
a local supply of service. This supply to your customers (both local
and overseas) is standard-rated.
5.2
There are, however, two exceptions where you can zero-rate your
local transportation services in Singapore (even though you are not
providing it as part of the international transportation as explained in
paragraph 4).
Zero-rating Scenario 1 –
When the local transportation services are provided at the first leg
of import to an overseas customer in business capacity
[‘First leg of import’ means from the entry point in Singapore (i.e.
FTZ or designated area) to the first destination17 in Singapore.]
5.3
17
18
19
You can zero-rate18 your local transportation services for the first leg
of import if:
(a)
You are transporting imported goods from the entry point into
Singapore (i.e. FTZs or designated areas) to the first destination
in Singapore (e.g. your own warehouse or your customer’s
warehouse); and
(b)
The transportation services must be provided to an overseas
customer19 wholly in his business capacity (and not in his
private or personal capacity), and also directly benefiting the
overseas customer or any other overseas person wholly in his
business capacity.
The first destination in Singapore is usually the place stated on consignment note or any
other supporting documents for the import. If the place is unknown, then it would be the
first place in Singapore that the goods are transported to from the FTZ or designated
area.
This is under Section 21(3)(k) of the GST Act.
The overseas customer refers to one who belongs outside Singapore.
13
5.4
An example of when local transportation services can or cannot be
zero-rated under scenario 1 is as follows.
Example 3
Re-packing
Port
Local Transportation
at first leg of import
Zero-rated
Tuas
Local
Woodlands
Transportation
Standard-rated
A haulier is engaged by an overseas company to collect the
imported goods from FTZ and deliver to an address in Tuas for
re-packing by another service provider. The overseas customer
also instructs the haulier to collect the goods from Tuas after
they have been re-packed, and deliver to a local warehouse in
Woodlands.
The haulier can zero-rate its transportation services provided for
the first leg of import, that is from the FTZ to its first destination in
Tuas, to the overseas customer.
However, for the transportation of the same goods from Tuas to
Woodlands, the haulier cannot zero-rate the supply to the
overseas customer as it is not the first leg of import. The haulier
must charge GST on this local supply of service.
14
Zero-rating Scenario 2 –
When the local transportation services are supplied to an
overseas person (in business or personal capacity) in respect of
goods for export
5.5
You can zero-rate20 your local transportation services if:
(a)
You are transporting goods that are meant for export outside
Singapore; and
(b)
The transportation services are provided to a customer who
belongs outside Singapore21 at the time when the services are
performed.
5.6
At the point of zero-rating the supply of your local transportation
services for the goods, you must be certain that the goods in respect
of which the services are provided are meant for export. If there is no
certainty at the time of the supply of services that the goods would be
exported, you cannot zero-rate your services even though your
customer claims that the goods would be exported.
5.7
Examples of when you can be certain that the goods would be
exported are:
20
21
(a)
When the final destination of your transportation in Singapore is
a FTZ or designated area (i.e. the exit point in Singapore). You
should maintain documentary evidence such as delivery note to
prove that you have delivered the goods to the FTZ or
designated area.
(b)
The customer has produced documentary proof showing that
the goods would be exported (e.g. his confirmed booking with
the shipping line or freight forwarder on the export, etc) or have
been exported (e.g. air waybill or bill of lading, etc). You should
keep a copy of these documents to support your zero-rating.
This is under Section 21(3)(g) of the GST Act.
For GST purpose –
A company belongs outside Singapore if:
(a) it has overseas business or fixed establishment; or
(b) it has no business or fixed establishment overseas but its place of incorporation is
outside Singapore; or
(c) it has business or fixed establishment both in and outside Singapore but the service
it receives is directly concerned with the establishment that is outside Singapore.
An individual belongs outside Singapore if his usual place of residence is outside
Singapore.
15
5.8
Examples of when local transportation services can or cannot be
zero-rated under scenario 2 are as follows.
Example 4
A haulier is engaged by an overseas customer to collect the
goods from a local warehouse in Woodlands and deliver to the
airport for export to Canada.
The haulier can zero-rate its supply of transportation services,
from the warehouse to the airport that is the exit point, to the
overseas customer.
Example 5
The business arrangement in Example 4 is changed such that
the goods are delivered to another freight forwarder’s warehouse
in Changi before sending to the airport for export.
The haulier can zero-rate the supply to the overseas customer
only if it is, at the point of supply, certain that the goods delivered
will be exported. If the haulier is not certain, it cannot zero-rate
the supply and must charge GST on the transportation services
to overseas customer.
Example 6
If the transportation service in Example 4 is provided to a local
customer instead of an overseas customer, GST is chargeable
on the supply as the provisions for zero-rating are not satisfied.
16
Example 7
Consolidation
and Re-packing
Tuas
Local
Transportation
Changi
Local
Transportation
Airport
Jurong
Entire Transportation Services
Zero-rated
A logistics service company is engaged by an overseas
customer to collect goods from his suppliers in Jurong and Tuas.
The logistics service company would consolidate and re-pack the
goods in its warehouse in Changi before delivering to the airport
for export by another freight forwarder engaged by the customer.
If the logistics service company is certain at the point of supply
that the goods delivered will be exported, it can zero-rate the
entire transportation services to the overseas customer.
Although the goods collected from Jurong and Tuas are first
transported to the warehouse in Changi, the transportation
service for this leg can be zero-rated as the goods are
subsequently delivered by the logistics service company to the
airport (i.e. the final destination) for export.
17
6
Handling Services
designated area
and
Storage
Services
within
FTZ
or
6.1
In the logistics businesses, the broad types of services provided
within FTZs or designated areas are: i) Handling Services; ii) Storage
Services.
6.2
Goods held in FTZs and other designated areas are goods shipped
from overseas waiting to be imported for local deliveries, or
transshipped goods, or goods (moved in from within Singapore)
waiting to be exported to overseas.
6.3
The supply of handling services and storage services within FTZs or
designated areas where the goods are imported or to be exported
can be zero-rated22, regardless of whether they are provided to local
or overseas persons. The conditions for zero-rating are as follows:
(a)
The services provided by you must occur within the FTZs or
designated areas; and
(b)
The services provided are in respect of goods that are imported
or for export.
If all the conditions are satisfied, you can zero-rate the supply.
Handling Services within FTZ or designated area
6.4
Examples of handling services that are performed within FTZs or
designated areas are:
(a)
Handling of goods: e.g. loading and unloading of goods,
packing, sorting, weighing, labeling, fumigation services, etc.
(b)
Transportation: e.g. for moving the goods from vessels /
aircrafts to warehouses (or vice versa) in the same FTZ or
designated area, forklift charges.
(c)
Documentation: fee for bills of lading / air waybills preparation,
fees for permit declaration to Customs.
The documentation services may be performed outside FTZs or
designated areas. However as they are necessary for the
movement or handling of goods into / from / within FTZs or
designated areas, they will be considered as provided within
FTZs or designated areas.
22
This is provided for under Section 21(3)(l) of the GST Act.
18
6.5
In the course of providing the above handling services within FTZs or
designated areas, you may also bill your customer for the following
charges incurred by you in FTZs or designated areas:

wharf handling charge (WHC)

FCL/ LCL stuffing charge

container freight station charge

cargo retrieval fee

lift-on/ lift-off (LOLO) charge

berthing charge

forklift charge

demurrage charge
Such charges billed to your customer can also be zero-rated.
6.6
Examples of scenarios where handling services provided within FTZs
or designated areas can or cannot be zero-rated are as follows:
Example 8
A logistics service company provides services in unloading the
imported goods from the container and move them to the
warehouse in FTZ. These handling services performed on
imported goods can be zero-rated.
Example 9
A logistics service company provides packing and labeling
services on goods brought into the FTZ from within Singapore
and the impending movements of the goods are not known.
In this case, the logistics service company should standard-rate
the services as it is uncertain whether the goods will be exported.
19
Storage Services within FTZ or designated area
6.7
You may also provide storage services for goods held in FTZs or
designated areas which are not removed within a certain grace
period (usually 48 hours).
6.8
You need to be certain that you are supplying storage services and
not renting out your warehouse space to your customer.
6.9
Unlike storage service which may be zero-rated if it meets the
conditions in paragraph 6.3, the rental of warehouse space located in
Singapore (be it in or outside FTZs or designated areas) is a supply
of goods which is always standard-rated.
6.10 The main differences between storage services and rental of
warehouse space are:
a)
Storage services – a supply of service
When you provide storage service, it is up to you to decide
where to store the goods in your warehouse when the customer
passes the goods to you. Your customer is not allowed to enter
your warehouse and cannot have access to his goods without
your permission. So, the customer’s goods will be under your
charge and it is your responsibility to take care of the goods
until they are released to the customer.
b)
Rental of warehouse space – a standard-rated supply of goods
as it involves a right to occupy the whole property or part of the
property
When you rent out a specified area (e.g. 1st floor) of your
warehouse, your customer has the right to occupy the specified
area for his sole use. The customer is allowed to enter the
specified area to store his goods and has access to his goods at
all times without having to seek your permission.
You are generally not involved in the handling of his goods, nor
do you have custody of his goods.
20
6.11
Here are examples to show whether the supply involves a storage
service within FTZ or rental of warehouse space.
Example 10
A local company shipped in some goods from overseas and
stored them in the warehouse within FTZ for more than 48 hours.
The warehouse provider charged the local company for the
storage of these goods in its warehouse. During the period
where the goods are stored, the warehouse provider has custody
of these goods.
In this case, the storage fee for goods stored in FTZ can be zerorated.
Example 11
The local company rents a warehouse space in FTZ from the
warehouse provider for purpose of storing its goods. The
warehouse provider charges monthly rent of $2,000 where the
local company has the exclusive right and freedom to store its
goods in the allocated warehouse space. The warehouse
provider is not involved in the handling of the goods nor have
custody of the goods.
Although the warehouse is located in FTZ, the warehouse
provider cannot zero-rate the supply as the amount charged is
for the rental of warehouse space which is a supply of goods and
not the provision of storage services.
21
7
Handling Services within Singapore but outside FTZs or
designated areas
7.1
The handling of goods performed in Singapore (i.e. outside FTZs or
designated areas) can be broadly categorised as:
(a) Those ancillary to the transportation of goods: e.g. stuffing,
loading and unloading of goods onto / from the vehicle or
container. These handling services are necessary when
delivering the goods to the instructed destination.
(b)
Those not ancillary to the transportation of goods, but are
specific handling services required by the customer: e.g.
packing or re-packing, sorting, weighing, labelling and QC
inspection according to the customer’s specifications.
Such handling services are independent in nature and are not
considered as ancillary to the transportation of goods. This is
because the goods can still be transported to the instructed
destination even if these specific handling services were not
performed on the goods.
7.2
For the supply of handling services performed on goods in Singapore
(including Zero-GST/Licensed/Bonded warehouses) that are outside
FTZs or designated areas, GST is chargeable on these supplies.
7.3
There are, however, three exceptions where you can zero-rate your
handling services for goods in Singapore:
Zero-rating Scenario 1 –
When the handling services are directly in connection with goods
for export
7.4
23
24
You can zero-rate23 your handling services if:
(a)
Your handling services are performed on goods that are meant
for export outside Singapore; and
(b)
You provide these handling services to a customer who belongs
outside Singapore24 at the time when the services are
performed.
This is under Section 21(3)(g) of the GST Act.
For GST purpose –
A company or business (e.g. partnership or sole proprietorship) belongs outside
Singapore if:
(a) it has overseas business or fixed establishment; or
(b) it has no business or fixed establishment overseas but its place of incorporation or
place where business is legally constituted is outside Singapore; or
(c) it has business or fixed establishment both in and outside Singapore but the service
it receives is directly concerned with the establishment that is outside Singapore.
An individual belongs outside Singapore if his usual place of residence is outside
Singapore.
22
7.5
If all the above conditions for scenario 1 are met, you can zero-rate
your supply of handling services that are:
(a)
ancillary to the transportation of goods if you also provide
transportation services for these goods;
(b)
specifically required by the customer which are not ancillary to
your services of transporting these goods; or
(c)
provided independently and
transportation of these goods.
you
are
not
handling
the
7.6
At the point of zero-rating the supply of your handling services for the
goods, you must be certain that the goods in respect of which the
services are provided are meant for export. If there is no certainty at
the time of the supply of services that the goods would be exported,
you cannot zero-rate the services even though your customer claims
that the goods would be exported.
7.7
Examples of when you can be certain that the goods would be
exported are as follows:
(a)
When you also provide transportation services for the goods (in
addition to the handling services) and the final destination of
your transportation in Singapore is a FTZ or designated area
(i.e. the exit point in Singapore). You should maintain
documentary evidence such as delivery note to prove that you
have delivered the goods to the FTZ or designated area.
(b)
If you only provide specific handling services for the goods and
do not handle the transportation of the goods, you must
maintain documentary proof showing that the goods have been
exported (e.g. delivery note or service chit showing that the
goods have been handed over to an appointed freight forwarder
for export, shipping documents such as copy of airway bill or bill
of lading from your customer etc). You should keep a copy of
these documents to support your zero-rating.
23
7.8
Here are 2 examples of when handling services can or cannot be
zero-rated under scenario 1.
Example 12
A local logistics service company is engaged by an overseas
company to provide re-packing services for its goods located in a
warehouse in Tuas. The local company is certain that the goods
are to be exported after re-packing is done.
The local company can zero-rate the supply of these handling
services to the overseas company and must be able to furnish
the required export documents to substantiate the export.
Example 13
A local company is engaged by an overseas company to provide
handling services for its goods located in Singapore. The goods
are meant for re-distribution within the Asia Pacific region
including Singapore.
In this situation, if the local company is uncertain at the time of
supply whether the goods are meant for export or local delivery,
the local company should standard-rate its supply of handling
services to the overseas company.
Zero-rating Scenario 2 –
When the handling services are provided together with local
transportation services at the first leg of import
[‘First leg of import’ means from the entry point in Singapore (i.e.
FTZ or designated area) to the first destination25 in Singapore.]
7.9
You can zero-rate26 your handling services performed at the first leg
of import if:
(a)
25
26
You are also providing the transportation of imported goods
from FTZ or designated area to the first destination in Singapore
(e.g. your own warehouse or your customer’s warehouse).
Hence, you are the same supplier for both the local
transportation and handling services at the first leg of import;
and
The first destination in Singapore is usually the place stated on consignment note or any
other supporting documents for the import. If the place is unknown, then it would be the
first place in Singapore that the goods are transported to from the FTZ or designated
area.
This is under Section 21(3)(k) of the GST Act.
24
(b)
7.10
The handling services (and the local transportation services)
must be provided to your overseas customer wholly in his
business capacity27 (and not in his private or personal capacity),
and must not directly benefit any local person.
If all the above conditions for scenario 2 are met, you can zero-rate
your supply of handling services that are:
(a)
ancillary to the local transportation of goods at the first leg of
import; and
(b)
other specific handling services performed by you at the first leg
of import which are not ancillary to your local transportation
services provided for the same goods.
7.11 Here are 2 examples of when handling services can or cannot be
zero-rated under scenario 2.
Example 14
A local freight forwarder is engaged by a company from
Indonesia for the goods shipped into Singapore. Goods are
moved by the freight forwarder from the FTZ (i.e. place of
release of the goods) to the freight forwarder’s warehouse where
it provides re-packing and inventory updating for the Indonesian
customer.
In this case, the freight forwarder is providing local transportation
services and handling services at the first leg of import, and it
can zero-rate the supplies of these services to the overseas
company.
If the freight forwarder engages someone else to perform these
services, the freight forwarder can also zero-rate these supplies
of services to the overseas company as he is contractually
supplying these services to the overseas company.
Example 15
If the business arrangement in Example 14 is changed such that
the overseas company engages another haulier to transport the
goods from FTZ to the freight forwarder’s warehouse.
As the freight forwarder is not providing the local transportation
of goods at the first leg of import to the overseas company, its
supplies of specific handling services (i.e. re-packing and
inventory updating) provided to the overseas company cannot be
zero-rated.
27
Overseas customer has a business (i.e. company, sole proprietorship business or
partnership business) which is established outside Singapore.
25
Zero-rating Scenario 3 –
When the handling services are provided together with both the
international and local transportation services
Handling services ancillary to transportation
7.12
When you are providing both the international and local
transportation services to your customer, your handling services
which are ancillary to the transportation of goods (e.g. loading and
unloading) can also be zero-rated28.
7.13
In this instance, you can zero-rate these ancillary handling services
together with the entire transportation services (both international and
local segments) if you are the same service provider for both the
international and local transportation29. This applies to both local and
overseas customers.
Specific handling services not ancillary to transportation
7.14
You may also provide other specific handling services which are not
ancillary to the transportation of goods (e.g. packing or re-packing,
sorting, weighing, labelling, QC inspection according to the
customer’s specifications). The GST treatment of the specific
handling services will depend on whether these services are provided
to overseas customers or local customers.
(i) To overseas customers
7.15
You can zero-rate these specific handling services to your overseas
customers only if the conditions in the above zero-rating scenario 1
or 2 are all met.
That is, specific handling services are performed on goods meant for
export or at the first leg of import where you are also providing local
transportation.
(ii) To local customers
7.16
The specific handling services provided to local customers are
always standard-rated.
7.17
Flowchart 1 summarises the GST treatment for handling services
which are provided together with international and local
transportation services.
28
29
This is under Section 21(3)(b) of the GST Act.
Please refer to paragraph 4 for the GST treatment on local transportation within
Singapore (when provided together with international transportation).
26
Flowchart 1: GST Treatment of Handling Services (when provided
together with international and local transportation services)
Handling Services
(provided together with international and local transportation)
Are the handling services
ancillary to the
transportation of goods?
Yes
No
Handling services
ancillary to
transportation
Specific handling
services not ancillary to
transportation
For import
or export
Can zero-rate to
local or overseas
customers under
Zero-rating
Scenario 3
For import
Can zero-rate to
overseas customers
(wholly in business
capacity) under
Zero-rating Scenario 2
(i.e. at the first leg of
import)
For export
Can zero-rate to
overseas customers
(in business or
personal capacity)
under Zero-rating
Scenario 1
If provided to
local customers
Always charge GST
at standard-rate to
local customers
27
7.17 Here are examples of scenarios where such handling services can or
cannot be zero-rated.
Example 16
A local freight forwarder provides door-to-door services to an
overseas company. The freight forwarder would arrange for the
importation of goods belonging to the customer, and transports
the goods from the FTZ (i.e. place of release of the goods) to its
warehouse where it provides QC inspection and labelling of
goods for the overseas customer.
In this case, the freight forwarder is providing both the
international and local transportation of goods, and can zero-rate
its supplies of handling services (e.g. loading and unloading) that
are ancillary to the transportation of goods.
The specific handling services (i.e. QC inspection and labelling)
are independently provided and are not ancillary to transport
activities.
As the specific handling services are performed on imported
goods (at the first leg of import) for overseas customer, the
freight forwarder can zero-rate such specific handling services,
as all the conditions in zero-rating scenario 2 are met.
Example 17
The transportation and handling services in Example 16 are
provided to a local customer instead.
The freight forwarder has to charge GST on the specific handling
services provided to the local customer, as one of the conditions
in zero-rating scenario 2 is not satisfied.
However, the freight forwarder can zero-rate its supplies of
international and local transportation of goods, including the
ancillary handling services (e.g. loading and unloading) to the
local customer.
28
8
Storage Services within Singapore but outside FTZs or
designated areas
8.1
A supply of storage service for goods in Singapore (including ZeroGST/Licensed/Bonded warehouses) that are outside FTZs or
designated areas is a local supply of service which has to be
standard-rated. This applies to both local and overseas customers.
[Please refer to paragraph 6.10 for the difference between storage
service which is a supply of service and rental of warehouse space
which is a supply of goods – being a right to occupy the whole
property or part of the property.]
8.2
There are, however, two exceptions where you can zero-rate your
storage services for goods in Singapore:
Zero-rating Scenario 1 –
When the storage services are provided together with local
transportation services at the first leg of import
[‘First leg of import’ means from the entry point in Singapore (i.e.
FTZ or designated area) to the first destination30 in Singapore.]
8.3
30
31
32
When you provide storage services for imported goods during the
first leg of import or at the destination of the first leg of import, you
can zero-rate31 your storage services if:
(a)
You are also providing the transportation of the imported goods
from FTZs or designated areas to the first destination in
Singapore (e.g. your own warehouse or your customer’s
warehouse). Hence, you are the same supplier for both the local
transportation and storage services at the first leg of import; and
(b)
The storage services (and the local transportation services)
must be provided to your overseas customer wholly in his
business capacity32 (and not in his private or personal capacity),
and must not directly benefit any other local person.
The first destination in Singapore is usually the place stated on consignment note or any
other supporting documents for the import. If the place is unknown, then it would be the
first place in Singapore that the goods are transported to from the FTZ or designated
area.
This is under Section 21(3)(k) of the GST Act.
Overseas customer has a business (i.e. company, sole proprietorship business or
partnership business) which is established outside Singapore.
29
8.4
Examples of when storage services can or cannot be zero-rated
under scenario 1 are as follows.
Example 18
A local logistics service company provides storage services to an
overseas company for goods that are imported into Singapore.
The logistics service company would clear the imported goods
from FTZ (i.e. place of release of the goods) and transport the
goods to its own warehouse in Tuas for storage.
The logistics service company can zero-rate both its storage
services and local transportation services provided at the first leg
of import to the overseas company.
Example 19
If the business arrangement in Example 18 is changed such that
the overseas company now engages another haulier to transport
the goods from FTZ to the logistics service company’s
warehouse for storage.
As the logistics service company is not providing the
transportation services in bringing the goods from FTZ to its
warehouse (i.e. the first leg of import), it cannot zero-rate its
storage services to the overseas company.
30
Example 20
1) Storage service
Zero-rated
Port
Pasir
Panjang
Kallang
(place of
delivery
stated on the
consignment
note)
2) Local Transportation
Zero-rated
An overseas company has engaged a local freight forwarder to
collect a container of imported goods from the port and deliver
them to a showroom in Kallang (which is the place of delivery as
stated on the consignment note).
As the shipment has arrived late, the freight forwarder has
transported the goods from the port to its own warehouse in
Pasir Panjang and stores the goods for a night before delivering
them to the showroom in Kallang on the next day.
In this case, the freight forwarder has provided 2 separate
supplies:
– storage services in its own warehouse; and
– transportation services during the first leg of import (i.e. from
the port to the first destination in Singapore, which is the
showroom in Kallang as stated on the consignment note).
Hence, it can zero-rate both its storage services and local
transportation services provided at the first leg of import to the
overseas company.
31
Zero-rating Scenario 2 –
When the storage services are directly in connection with goods
for export.
8.5
You can zero-rate33 your storage services if:
(a)
Your storage services are performed for goods that are meant
for export outside Singapore; and
(b)
You provide these storage services to a customer who belongs
outside Singapore34 at the time when the services are
performed.
8.6
At the point of zero-rating the supply of your storage services for the
goods, you must be certain that the goods in respect of which the
services are provided are meant for export. If there is no certainty at
the time of the supply of services that the goods would be exported,
you cannot zero-rate the services even though your customer claims
that the goods would be exported.
8.7
Examples of when you can be certain that the goods would be
exported are as follows:
33
34
(a)
When you also provide transportation services for the goods (in
addition to the storage services) and the final destination of your
transportation in Singapore is a FTZ or designated area (i.e. the
exit point in Singapore). You should maintain documentary
evidence such as delivery note to prove that you have delivered
the goods to the FTZ or designated area.
(b)
If you only provide storage services for the goods and do not
handle the transportation of the goods, you must maintain
documentary proof showing that the goods have been exported
(e.g. delivery note or service chit showing that the goods have
been handed over to an appointed freight forwarder for export,
copy of the shipping documents (such as air waybill or bill of
lading) obtained from your customer’s freight forwarder, etc).
You should keep a copy of these documents to support your
zero-rating.
This is provided for under Section 21(3)(g) of the GST Act.
For GST purpose –
A company or business (e.g. partnership or sole proprietorship) belongs outside
Singapore if:
(a) it has overseas business or fixed establishment; or
(b) it has no overseas business or fixed establishment but the place where company is
incorporated or business is legally constituted is outside Singapore; or
(c) it has business or fixed establishment both in and outside Singapore but the service
it receives is directly concerned with its overseas establishment.
An individual belongs outside Singapore if his usual place of residence is outside
Singapore.
32
8.8
Examples of when storage services can or cannot be zero-rated
under scenario 2 are as follows:
Example 21
A logistics service company has contracted with an overseas
company to provide storage services for the overseas customer’s
goods in Singapore. The goods are meant for re-distribution within
Asia Pacific region including Singapore. The importation of goods
is arranged by another freight forwarder (as engaged by the
overseas customer) who would deliver the goods to the logistics
service company’s warehouse in Changi for storage. This freight
forwarder would also handle the subsequent export or local
delivery of the goods. While the goods are stored in the
warehouse, the goods are under the custody of the logistics
service company.
In this situation, the logistics service company has to standard-rate
its supply of storage services to the overseas customer. It is not
involved in the delivery of the goods and is unable to ascertain
whether the storage services are for goods meant for export or
local delivery.
Example 22
The scenario in Example 21 is changed such that the logistics
service company would either deliver the goods locally or export
the goods out of Singapore upon receiving instructions from the
overseas customer.
In such instance, the logistics service company can only zero-rate
the supply of storage services to the overseas company for goods
that are exported and must be able to furnish the required export
documents to substantiate the export. For those goods that are
delivered locally, the logistics service company cannot zero-rate its
storage services to the overseas customer and must standard-rate
these supplies.
If the logistics service company charges a flat monthly rate for the
storage service, it can apportion the storage service if it is able to
determine a reasonable proxy of the percentage of goods meant
for export and local sale (e.g. based on recent movements or
indicative projection from the overseas customers).
33
9
Illustration on the GST Treatment of the Logistics Services
9.1
The following are the examples of different logistics services billed to
the customer and their GST treatment.
Example 23
A local wholesaler engages a freight forwarder to clear a batch of
goods from the port and stores them in the freight forwarder’s
warehouse in Woodlands. The freight forwarder issues a tax
invoice to the local wholesaler for the following charges:
Forklift
charges and
handling
charges incurred in FTZ
PSA wharfage charged by PSA
$ 80
Container freight station charges
$ 30
Permit and Stamp fee
Depot Handling Charge (DHC)
$ 50
$ 5
Trucking charges for transporting the
container from port to Woodlands
$150
Fuel surcharge
$50
Labour charges
$50
Storage
fees
warehouse
Total
for
Woodlands
$ 35
$200
Handling services
within FTZ (Zero-rated)
Disbursement (Not
subject to GST)
Local transportation
(Standard-rated)
Storage service
(Standard-rated)
$650
*The prices indicated above are for illustration purposes and are not reflective of the
actual fees charged in the industry.
In this case, the freight forwarder has provided 3 types of
services to the customer: i) handling of goods within the port (i.e.
FTZ), ii) local transportation of goods, iii) storage services at his
warehouse.
The local transportation services and storage services are
provided to a local customer, hence GST is chargeable on these
services. The freight forwarder can, however, zero-rate the
handling services performed within the FTZ.
As the freight forwarder is not providing international
transportation services, the DHC is a disbursement and is not
subject to GST.
34
Example 24
A local company engages a freight forwarder to ship the goods
from China to Singapore. The freight forwarder would also clear
the goods from the port and store them in the freight forwarder’s
warehouse in Changi. The freight forwarder issues a tax invoice
to the local company for the following charges:
Ocean Freight
Bill of lading fees
Depot Handling Charge (DHC)
$2,000
$ 100
$
5
Forklift
charges and
charges incurred in FTZ
$
80
PSA wharfage charged by PSA
$
35
Container freight station charges
$
30
Permit and Stamp fee
Trucking, fuel and labour charges for
transporting the container from port
to Changi
$ 50
$ 150
Fuel surcharge
$
50
Labour charges
$
50
Storage fees for Changi warehouse
$ 200
Total
$2,750
handling
International
transportation
(Zero-rated)
Handling services
within FTZ (Zero-rated)
Local transportation
provided together with
international
transportation
(Zero-rated)
Storage service
(Standard-rated)
*The prices indicated above are for illustration purposes and are not reflective of the
actual fees charged in the industry.
In this case, the services provided by freight forwarder are:
i) international and local transportation of goods, ii) handling of
goods within the port (i.e. FTZ), iii) storage service at the
warehouse.
The freight forwarder is providing both international and local
transportation services to the customer. Hence, he can zero-rate
the entire transportation services. As DHC is a charge incurred in
the course of providing international transportation service, the
GST treatment for DHC will follow that of the supply of
international transportation and can be zero-rated.
The freight forwarder can also zero-rate all the handling services
since services are performed within the FTZ. However, storage
services provided to local person has to be standard-rated.
35
10
Importing Goods on behalf of your Customers
10.1 In the course of your business, you may be required to import goods
on behalf of your customers who may either be local importers or
overseas importers.
When you are importing the goods as a declaring agent for local
customers
10.2 Where you act for an importer and pay the import GST as a
forwarding agent for your local customer, you cannot claim the GST
paid as your input tax as the goods do not belong to you. The
payment of import GST is merely a commercial arrangement
between you and the importer35.
10.3 The importer, if GST-registered, may claim the import GST according
to the normal input tax claiming rules.
When you are importing the goods as a declaring agent for overseas
customers
10.4 When you are merely providing freight forwarding services and
import goods as a declaring agent for overseas persons, you are
similarly not allowed to make any claim on the import GST paid on
your customer’s behalf. The import GST may be claimed by the
overseas customer, if it is GST-registered.
When you are importing the goods as a GST Agent [under Section
33(2) or Section 33A] of overseas persons who are not GSTregistered
10.5 There are two situations where you can act as a GST agent of an
overseas person and import goods belonging to the overseas
person.
35
When you act on behalf of an
overseas person to import and
subsequently supply the goods
either locally or for export to
overseas.
You are acting as a
Section 33(2) agent.
When you act on behalf of an
overseas person to import goods
into Singapore for subsequent
export (but with no sale made).
You are acting as a
Section 33A agent.
If you are unable to recover the import GST paid on behalf of your customer (i.e. the
local importer), you may make an application to the Comptroller of GST for remission of
tax. You must meet all the conditions listed in the application form which can be
downloaded from www.iras.gov.sg > Quick links > Forms > GST > Others > 4f:
Application for Remission under Section 89 of the GST Act for refund of import GST
paid on behalf of an importer (GST F18).
36
10.6 When you import goods on behalf of the overseas person as a
Section 33(2) or Section 33(A) agent, such goods imported would be
deemed as your imports. You may:
-
claim the GST paid on the importation of these goods; or
use your Major Exporter Scheme (MES) or Approved Third
Party Logistics Company Scheme (3PL) or Import GST
Deferment Scheme (IGDS) to import such goods.
However, you must meet the conditions stated below.
10.7 To qualify as a Section 33(2) agent for the overseas person, the
following conditions must be met:
(a)
The overseas person must not belong in Singapore36 and must
not be GST-registered;
(b)
You are authorized to handle the imports and supply for the
overseas person;
(c)
Such goods imported must be subsequently sold locally or
exported to the customers of the overseas person;
(d)
The subsequent supply of goods is regarded as made by you as
if you are the principal;
(e)
The overseas person’s transactions of imports and supply have
to be reported in your GST return, and you must maintain
separate records for the overseas person’s transactions;
(f)
For local sales of the overseas person, you have to charge
GST. For export sales of the overseas person, you have to
maintain export documents.
10.8 To qualify as a Section 33A agent for the overseas person, certain
conditions must be met:
(a)
The overseas person must not be GST-registered and is
carrying on a business outside Singapore;
(b)
You are authorized by the overseas person to handle the
imports and export of goods belonging to the overseas person;
(c)
The goods of the overseas person are imported to be stored in
or transit through Singapore and are subsequently re-exported;
(d)
You must have control over the imported goods while they are
in Singapore;
(e)
You should not seek recovery from the overseas person for the
GST paid on the imports, as you are allowed to claim as input
tax on behalf of the overseas person;
(f)
The imports and exports of overseas person’s goods must be
reported in your GST return, and you must maintain separate
records on the movement of the overseas person’s goods.
[Please refer to the e-Tax Guide “GST Guide on Imports” for more
information on the requirements for a Section 33(2) and Section 33A agent.]
36
The overseas person must not have a business or fixed establishment in Singapore.
37
11
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
11.1 What if my charge to the customer for international freight is $0 or
lower than my other charges? Can I still zero-rate my services for the
local transportation and ancillary handling services which are
provided together with the international transportation?
Yes. In such instance, you can still zero-rate your supplies of both
the international and local transportation services (see paragraph 4)
as well as your handling services which are ancillary to the
transportation (see paragraph 7).
11.2 A customer has engaged me to transport goods from one FTZ to
another FTZ. Do I have to charge my customer GST?
If it is a local customer, you should charge GST at 7% as you are
providing local transportation between the FTZs and it is considered
as a local supply of service.
If it is an overseas customer, you can zero-rate your supplies (i.e.
charge GST at 0%) only if it falls into one of the 2 scenarios in
paragraph 5 and satisfies the conditions for zero-rating.
11.3 In my tax invoice to the customer, I may have to bill him for standardrated supplies, zero-rated supplies and disbursements (i.e. recovery
of expenses which is not subject to GST). Can I issue a single tax
invoice to my customer for these charges?
Yes. You can bill your customer for these charges in the same tax
invoice. However, for each charge, you should indicate on the tax
invoice whether it is a standard-rated supply, zero-rated supply or
non-taxable supply. This is to facilitate your customer to know the
GST treatment of your supply.
12
Contact Information
For enquiries on this e-Tax Guide, please contact:
Goods and Services Tax Division
Inland Revenue Authority of Singapore
55 Newton Road
Singapore 307987
Tel: 1800 356 8633
Fax: (+65) 6351 3553
Email: [email protected]
38
Annex A – List of Free Trade Zones (FTZs) and Designated Areas of a
Port, Terminal and Airport
Free Trade Zones (FTZs)
(reference: Free Trade Zones Act)
Free Trade Zones (FTZs) are essentially designated areas in Singapore
where the payment of duties and taxes are suspended when the goods
arrive in Singapore.
No duty or taxes are payable on goods that are stored in FTZs. You only
need to pay duty and taxes when the goods leave the FTZ and enter into
customs territory for local consumption.
There are 3 FTZ authorities and the locations of the FTZs under each
control are:

PSA Corporation Limited
- Tanjong Pagar Terminal, Keppel Terminal and Marina
Terminal
- Sembawang Terminal
- Pasir Panjang Wharves / Multi-Purpose Terminal
- Brani Terminal
- Keppel Distripark
- Keppel Distripark Linkbridge
- Pasir Panjang Terminal

Jurong Port Pte Ltd
- Jurong Port

The Civil Aviation Authority of Singapore
- Airport Logistics Park of Singapore (ALPS)
- Changi Airport Cargo Terminal Complex
Designated Areas of a Port, Terminal and Airport
(reference: Third Schedule to the Goods and Services Tax (International
Services) Order)
The designated areas in relation to a port include:
 Jurong Marine Base;
 Loyang Offshore Supply Base;
 Singapore Cruise Centre;
 Jurong Fishery Port;
 Senoko Fishery Port;
 Changi Ferry Terminal;
 Tuas Jetty For Explosives And Dangerous Goods;
 Barter Trade Control Area;
 Harbour Branch Headquarters; and
 any area declared to be a Port within the meaning of the Maritime
and Port Authority of Singapore Act.
39
The designated areas in relation to an airport are:
 Changi Airport;
 Paya Lebar Airport;
 Seletar Airport; and
 Tengah Air Base.
The designated areas in relation to a terminal are:
 Pulau Bukom;
 Pulau Bukom Kecil;
 Pulau Ular;
 Pulau Sebarok;
 Pulau Busing;
 Jurong Island;
 all that area comprised in lot 280 Pt, A1057 and A1057 (a), Mukim
No. 7 at 35 Shipyard Road occupied by ‘‘EXXONMOBIL ASIA
PACIFIC PRIVATE LIMITED’’;
 all that area comprised in lots A2278, A10627, A166, A166 (a),
A166 (b), A166 (c), A166 (d), A166 (e), A166 (x), A166 (y), A651,
A651 (a) and A651 (b), Mukim No. 7 at 18 Pioneer Road occupied
by ‘‘EXXONMOBIL ASIA PACIFIC PRIVATE LIMITED’’;
 all that area comprised in lots 191-1, 191-2, 191-3, 193, A12,
A12A, A12B, A12C, A12D and A12E, 2096, 4091, 4124, 4209,
4211L, 4213 Mukim No. 5 at 210 Jalan Buroh occupied by
‘‘CHEVRON SINGAPORE PTE LTD’’;
 all that area comprised in lots 2887X, 2885K and 4170M, Mukim
No. 7 at 60 Tuas South Avenue 9 occupied by ‘‘TUAS POWER
GENERATION PTE LTD’’;
 all that area comprised in lot 1832 Pt, A1259 (b), Mukim No. 6 at
41 Jalan Buroh occupied by “SINGAPORE PETROLEUM
COMPANY LIMITED’’; and
 all that area comprised in lot 3210 Pt, A1241 and A1241 (a),
Mukim No. 5 at 59 Penjuru Road occupied by “VOPAK
TERMINALS SINGAPORE PTE LTD’’.
40
Annex B – Categories of Logistics Services
The table shows the broad categories of services that may be provided by
the local service providers in the respective geographical regions. The
services mentioned below are some examples of the logistics services.
Please refer to the relevant paragraphs for the GST treatment.
Geographical
regions
Outside
Singapore
Within Singapore
but outside Free
Trade Zones or
designated areas
Within Free
Trade Zone or
designated area
Services
 Ocean
freight
 Air freight
 Air waybill
fee / bill of
lading fee
 Agency fee
 Bunker
adjustment
Transportation
factor
charge
 Delivery
order fee
 Terminal
handling
charge
 Trucking and fuel
 Despatch
 Dangerous goods surcharge on
trucking
 Labour charge
[Refer to paragraphs 4 to 6.]
[Refer to
paragraph 3.]




Handling





Forklift
Documentation
fees
Container
freight station
charge
Stuffing or
unstuffing
Cargo
clearance
Lift-on / lift-off
(LOLO) charge
Survey of
cargo
Weighing of
cargo
Custom
examine fee



Documentation
fees
Stuffing or
unstuffing
Repacking
[Refer to paragraph 7.]
41
Geographical
regions
Outside
Singapore
Within Singapore
but outside Free
Trade Zones or
designated areas
Within Free
Trade Zone or
designated area
Services

Handling



Full container
load / loose
container load
charge
Berthing
charge
Cargo retrieval
charge
Wharf handling
charge
[Refer to paragraph
6.]

Storage
Storage fees /
rental of
warehouse
space

Storage fees /
rental of
warehouse space
[Refer to paragraph 8.]
[Refer to paragraph
6.]
42
Annex C – List of International Services for the Logistics Service
Industry
Section 21 of the GST Act provides for zero-rating of exports and
international services.
The following is an extract from the GST Act and its Subsidiary Legislation,
Goods and Services Tax (International Services Order) which define the
scope of international services relevant to the Logistics Service Industry that
qualify for zero-rating. Specifically, it lists the zero-rating provisions under
Section 21(3)(a), 21(3)(b), 21(3)(c), 21(2)(f), 21(2)(g), 21(2)(j), 21(3)(k) and
21(3)(l) of the GST Act.
International Services
Section 21(3):
(a) services (not being ancillary transport activities such as loading,
unloading and handling) comprising the transport of passengers or
goods —
(i)
in the case of transport by air or land, where the transportation is —
(A) from a place outside Singapore to a place outside Singapore;
(B) from a place in Singapore to a place outside Singapore; or
(C) from a place outside Singapore to a place in Singapore; and
(ii) in the case of transport by sea, where the transportation is —
(A) from a place outside Singapore to a place outside Singapore;
or
(B) from a place in Singapore or to a place in Singapore, and
substantially outside Singapore;
(b) services (including any ancillary transport activities such as loading,
unloading and handling) comprising the transport of goods from a place
in Singapore to another place in Singapore to the extent that those
services are supplied by the same supplier as part of the supply of
services to which paragraph (a)(i) and (ii) (other than in relation to any
transportation that is from a place outside Singapore to another place
outside Singapore) applies;
(c) services (other than the letting on hire of any means of transport)
comprising the insuring or the arranging of the insurance or the
arranging of the transport of passengers or goods to which any provision
of paragraphs (a) and (b) applies;
(f) services supplied directly in connection with goods situated outside
Singapore when the services are performed;
The services referred shall not include any services comprising either of
or both —
(a) the supply of a right to promulgate an advertisement by means of any
medium of communication; and
(b) the promulgation of an advertisement by means of any medium of
communication.
43
(g) services supplied directly in connection with goods for export outside
Singapore and supplied to a person who belongs in a country other than
Singapore, at the time the services are performed;
The services referred shall not include any services comprising either of
or both —
(a) the supply of a right to promulgate an advertisement by means of any
medium of communication; and
(b) the promulgation of an advertisement by means of any medium of
communication.
(j) services supplied —
(i) under a contract with a person who belongs in a country outside
Singapore; and
(ii) which directly benefit a person who belongs in a country other than
Singapore and who is outside Singapore at the time the services
are performed;
Not being services which are supplied directly in connection with —
(a) land or any improvement thereto situated inside Singapore; or
(b) goods situated inside Singapore at the time the services are
performed, other than goods referred to in subsection (3)(g).
And the services referred shall not include any services comprising
either of or both —
(a) the supply of a right to promulgate an advertisement by means of any
medium of communication; and
(b) the promulgation of an advertisement by means of any medium of
communication.
(k) prescribed services supplied —
(i) under a contract with a person wholly in his business
not in his private or personal capacity) and who in
belongs in a country outside Singapore; and
(ii) which directly benefit a person wholly in his business
not in his private or personal capacity) and who in
belongs in a country other than Singapore;
capacity (and
that capacity
capacity (and
that capacity
The prescribed services include the handling or storage of goods at or
their transport to or from the place at which they are to be exported or
have been imported or of the handling or storage of such goods in
connection with such transport.
44
(l) prescribed services in connection with —
(i) the handling of ships or aircraft; or
(ii) the handling or storage of goods carried in any ship or aircraft;
The prescribed services are the services supplied within any free
trade zone or designated area37 of a port, terminal or airport for —
(a) the handling of ships or aircraft; or
(b) the handling or storage of goods carried in any ship or aircraft.
Section 21(4)(a) defines that:
"aircraft" means —
(i) any aircraft which is not used or intended to be used for recreation
or pleasure; or
(ii) any aircraft used or intended to be used for recreation or pleasure if
it is wholly used or intended to be wholly used for travel —
(A) from a place outside Singapore to another place outside
Singapore;
(B) from a place in Singapore to a place outside Singapore; or
(C) from a place outside Singapore to a place in Singapore;
"ship" means any ship (including an oil rig) but does not include any ship —
(i) that is licensed under the Maritime and Port Authority of Singapore
Act (Cap. 170A) as a passenger harbour craft or pleasure craft;
(ii) in respect of which a vessel permit has been granted by the Public
Utilities Board under regulations made under the Public Utilities Act
(Cap.261); or
(iii) that is designed or adapted for use for recreation or pleasure and is
so used within Singapore (unless the use within Singapore is for
such purpose that is incidental to its use outside Singapore as the
Comptroller may allow).
37
Please refer to Annex A for the list of free trade zones and designated areas of a port,
terminal or airport.
45
Annex D – List of Handling Activities that may be performed by the
Logistics Service Industry
Goods handling services that may be provided by logistics service industry
include the following:
-
-
-
transport ancillary to the handling of ship or aircraft cargo (including
the movement of goods to or from a ship/aircraft)
stevedoring and porterage
loading, unloading, reloading, stowing, securing and shifting cargo
for the use of cranes and weighing machines together with an
operator. (If you provide a crane without an operator, your supply is
to be standard-rated.)
soiling, opening for inspection, repairing and making good weighing
and taring, taping and sealing, erasing and re-marking, labeling and
re-numbering, tallying, checking, sampling, measuring or gauging of
goods
packing and unpacking of cargo
survey of cargo (including damaged cargo)
cargo security services
presenting goods for Customs examination
preparing or amending Customs entries
preparing or amending bills of lading, air waybills, and certificates of
shipment
container handling for which a box charge is made
transit rate, basic rate, consolidated rate and stevedoring rate, if
they relate solely to goods handling at FTZ or designated areas
These activities must satisfy the provisions under Section 21(3) of the GST
Act in order to be zero-rated.
46

Similar documents

×

Report this document