What is Required for Gas to be a Marketable Product... Suit Against a John Doe Defendant OBA President

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Volume 85
No. 2
Jan. 18, 2 014
OBA President
Renée DeMoss
What is Required for Gas to be a Marketable Product in Oklahoma?
Suit Against a John Doe Defendant
GableGotwals Welcomes the
Glass Law Firm to our Team.
The Glass Law Firm brings their expertise to GableGotwals, particularly in the
health care industry. The group is also recognized for their experience in the
areas of banking/corporate finance; business transactions and ventures; real
estate; employment law; tax; estate planning and probate; representations
before administrative/government agencies; commercial litigation; workouts
and bankruptcy.
Welcome to the GableGotwals team.
TULSA · OKLAHOMA CITY · www.gablelaw.com
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
Introducing the
Oklahoma Bar Association
Insurance Exchange/Marketplace
Shop individual and family health plans all from the convenience of your computer. Simply go to
http://oba.saleslinkportal.com and answer a few questions to begin. If you need help or have questions,
contact your local insurance experts, Beale Professional Services.
[email protected]
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
Meet Your Bar Association
pg. 147
Suit Aga
a John D st
Jan. 18, 2014 • Vol. 85 • No. 2
From the President
154 From the Executive Director
156 Law Practice Tips
159 Ethics/Professional Responsibility
160 OBA Board of Governors Actions
166 Oklahoma Bar Foundation News
169 Young Lawyers Division
171 For Your Information
173 Bench and Bar Briefs
176 In Memoriam
184 The Back Page
Cover photo: Office of the General Counsel
at the Oklahoma Bar Center.
Photographer: Emily Buchanan
pg. 139
What is Requir
for Gas to
Renée DeMoss Takes the Lead as
OBA President
By Emily Buchanan
101 OBA Officers and Board of
Governors: Volunteers Who
Guide Your Association
112 OBA Departments and the
Member Services They Provide
120 Member Perks: Take Advantage
139 What is Required for Gas to be
a Marketable Product in Oklahoma?
126 Connect with the OBA Through
Social Media
127 A Few Things You Can Do at
128 OBA Sections
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
By Richard B. Noulles
147 Is Anybody Out There? Suit Against
a John Doe Defendant
By Mark B. Houts
153 New Year, New Online Services
Provider for OBA/CLE
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
An Educated Response to the
Changing Face of the Law
By Renée DeMoss
As the Oklahoma Bar Association heads into 2014, it is
with the prediction that lawyers and legal institutions will change
more rapidly over the next two decades than they have over the last
two centuries. Fundamental changes will occur in the way our chosen
profession operates and how OBA members practice law:
The legal market is in an unprecedented state of flux. Over the next
20 years, the way in which lawyers work will change radically.
Entirely new ways of delivering legal services will emerge, new
providers will enter the market, and the workings of our courts
will be transformed.1
Change brings with it both challenges and opportunities. Consider
those that have come with the advent of e-filing, e-discovery and law
libraries without books. My goals for the OBA in 2014 are to prepare
for the challenges and to embrace the opportunities in the best way
possible — through legal education.
A strategic plan put in place by diligent and dedicated past OBA
leaders provides a roadmap for the OBA’s future, with seven specific
goals that provide a solid basis for responding to changes headed our
way. Critically, education is the fundamental premise of each goal.
Underlying the strategic plan is the OBA vision that “...all people
shall have access to, and full benefit of, the rule of law and the system
of justice in Oklahoma, through innovative and responsive services to
our members and the community” — and the OBA mission statement
— “to enable all OBA members to provide excellent legal services to
the community in an ethical, professional and civil manner.”
Preserving the rule of law and our system of justice in Oklahoma
may very well be the OBA’s biggest challenge in 2014. Attacks on our
courts stemming from disagreements with individual case decisions seem to be gaining force.
No matter what changes occur in our legal
world, however, we must steadfastly protect our
unique system of government that provides us
with fair and impartial courts and qualified
judges. It is our responsibility to help Oklahomans understand how our legal system works,
to preserve our democratic system of justice and
to promote public confidence in that system.
President DeMoss
practices in Tulsa.
[email protected]
In 2014 the OBA will activate a broad public
education initiative to help meet this responsibility. This will include establishment of a
statewide speaker’s bureau, composed of OBA
volunteer speakers, to ensure that our voices
are heard on the importance of our third
branch of government. Judicial town halls will
be conducted by your Board of Governors and
others in courthouses across the state to educate
and discuss with our friends and neighbors what
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
qualities make a good judge, how our
judicial selection process works and
how we must be vigilant in preserving
our democracy. Look for the first one to
be held in Canadian County in February and then Custer County in March.
OBA committees and departments
will also be contributing to this initiative. The Law Day Committee will be
working with the theme of “Democracy
and You.” The Law-related Education
Committee will continue to focus on
helping all Oklahoma school children
receive necessary civics instruction. The
CourtFacts.org website will be expanded. The Day at the Capitol in March will
provide OBA members an opportunity
to speak with local legislators.
The OBA will also respond to the
challenge of providing enhanced legal
education opportunities for members.
Plans are underway for innovations in
CLE, with an emphasis on affordability, availability and technology. I have
met with our three law school deans
on ways the OBA can help integrate
new lawyers into the profession. More
programs are planned for senior lawyers as their careers evolve, including
possible implementation of a Senior
Section and review of Oklahoma rules
regarding transitioning attorneys. New
educational opportunities will include
an Appellate College at the Oklahoma
Judicial Center in the spring, a Trial
College at the Annual Meeting in the
fall and a Professionalism Seminar in
As I take on the role of president of
this 17,500-member organization, I
want to sincerely thank each and every
one of you for the honor of serving in
this position. I look forward to working
with each of you for the OBA in 2014.
1. Tomorrow’s Lawyers, Richard Susskind,
Oxford University Press, 2013.
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
Renée DeMoss, President, Tulsa
David A. Poarch Jr., President-Elect, Norman
Susan S. Shields, Vice-President, Oklahoma City
James T. Stuart, Immediate Past President, Shawnee
James A. Drummond, Norman
Deirdre O’Neil Dexter, Sand Springs
Robert D. Gifford II, Oklahoma City
Kimberly Hays, Tulsa
Douglas L. Jackson, Enid
John W. Kinslow, Lawton
James R. Marshall, Shawnee
Nancy S. Parrott, Oklahoma City
Kevin T. Sain, Idabel
Bret A. Smith, Muskogee
Richard D. Stevens, Norman
Linda S. Thomas, Bartlesville
Kaleb Hennigh, Enid
Chairperson, OBA/Young Lawyers Division
events Calendar
OBA Closed – Martin Luther King, Jr. Day observed
OBA Bench and Bar Committee meeting; 12 p.m.; Oklahoma Bar
Center, Oklahoma City with teleconference; Contact Judge David Lewis
OBA Government and Administrative Law Practice Section
meeting; 4 p.m.; Oklahoma Bar Center, Oklahoma City with teleconference;
Contact Scott Boughton 405-717-8957
OBA Financial Institutions and Commercial Law Section meeting;
12 p.m.; Oklahoma Bar Center, Oklahoma City; Contact Eric Johnson
John Morris Williams, Executive Director;
Gina L. Hendryx, General Counsel; Jim Calloway,
Director of Management Assistance Program;
Craig D. Combs, Director of Administration;
Susan Damron Krug, Director of Educational
Programs; Beverly Petry Lewis, Administrator
MCLE Commission; Carol A. Manning, Director
of Communications; Travis Pickens, Ethics Counsel;
Robbin Watson, Director of Information Technology;
Jane McConnell, Coordinator Law-related Education;
Loraine Dillinder Farabow, Tommy Humphries,
Debbie Maddox, Katherine Ogden, Steve Sullins,
Assistant General Counsels; Tommy Butler, Tanner
Condley, Sharon Orth, William Thames and
Krystal Willis, Investigators
Manni Arzola, Jarrod Houston Beckstrom,
Debbie Brink, Emily Buchanan, Susan Carey,
Nickie Day, Johnny Marie Floyd, Matt Gayle,
Dieadra Goss, Brandon Haynie, Suzi Hendrix,
Misty Hill, Debra Jenkins, Durrel Lattimore,
Heidi McComb, Renee Montgomery, Larry Quinn,
Lori Rasmussen, Wanda F. Reece, Tracy Sanders,
Mark Schneidewent, Jan Thompson, Laura Willis
& Roberta Yarbrough
OBA Work/Life Balance Committee meeting; 12 p.m.; Oklahoma Bar
Center, Oklahoma City with teleconference; Contact Sarah Schumacher
Lawyers Helping Lawyers Assistance Program meeting; 12 p.m.;
Office of Hugh Hood, 400 S. Boston Ave., Ste. 1100W, Tulsa; Contact
Hugh Hood 918-856-5373
Oklahoma Bar Foundation Trustee orientation, meeting and
luncheon; 10:30 a.m.; Oklahoma Bar Center, Oklahoma City; Contact
Nancy Norsworthy 405-416-7070
Legislative Reading Day; 10 a.m.; Oklahoma Bar Center, Oklahoma City;
Contact John Morris Williams 405-416-7000
OBA Juvenile Law Section meeting; 4 p.m.; Oklahoma Bar Center,
Oklahoma City; Contact Tsinena Thompson 405-232-4453
OBA Women in Law Committee meeting; 12 p.m.; Oklahoma Bar
Center, Oklahoma City with OSU Tulsa, Tulsa; Contact Allison Thompson
Editor in Chief, John Morris Williams; News &
Layout Editor, Carol A. Manning; Editor,
Melissa DeLacerda, Stillwater; Associate Editors:
Dietmar K. Caudle, Lawton; Emily Duensing,
Tulsa; Erin Means, Moore; Mark Ramsey,
Claremore; Judge Megan Simpson, Buffalo;
Leslie Taylor, Ada; Judge Allen J. Welch,
Oklahoma City; January Windrix, Poteau
OBA Law Day contest judging; 4 p.m.; Oklahoma Bar Center, Oklahoma
City; Contact Jennifer Prilliman 405-208-5174
OBA Section Leaders Council meeting; 12 p.m.; Oklahoma Bar Center,
Oklahoma City; Contact Roy Tucker 918-684-6276
BAR Center Staff
For more events go to www.okbar.org/calendar
The Oklahoma Bar Association’s official website:
NOTICE of change of address (which must be
in writing and signed by the OBA member),
undeliverable copies, orders for subscriptions
or ads, news stories, articles and all mail items
should be sent to the Oklahoma Bar Association,
P.O. Box 53036, Oklahoma City, OK 73152-3036.
THE OKLAHOMA BAR JOURNAL is a publication of the Oklahoma Bar
Association. All rights reserved. Copyright© 2014
2008 Oklahoma Bar Association.
The design of the scales and the “Oklahoma Bar Association” encircling the
scales are trademarks of the Oklahoma Bar Association. Legal articles carried
in THE OKLAHOMA BAR JOURNAL are selected by the Board of Editors.
Oklahoma Bar Association 405-416-7000
Toll Free 800-522-8065 FAX 405-416-7001
Continuing Legal Education 405-416-7006
Ethics Counsel 405-416-7055
General Counsel 405-416-7007
Law-related Education 405-416-7005
Lawyers Helping Lawyers 800-364-7886
Mgmt. Assistance Program 405-416-7008
Mandatory CLE 405-416-7009
OBJ & Communications 405-416-7004
Board of Bar Examiners 405-416-7075
Oklahoma Bar Foundation 405-416-7070
The Oklahoma Bar Journal (ISSN 0030-1655) is published three times
a month in january, February, March, April, May, August, September, October, November and December and bimonthly in June and
July. by
by the
the Oklahoma
Oklahoma Bar Association, 1901 N. Lincoln Boulevard,
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73105. Periodicals postage paid at Oklahoma City, OK. POSTMASTER: Send address changes to THE OKLAHOMA
BAR ASSOCIATION, P.O. Box 53036, Oklahoma City, OK 73152-3036. Subscriptions are $60
$55 per year except for law students registered with the
Oklahoma Bar Association, who may subscribe for $25. Active member subscriptions are included as a portion of annual dues. Any
opinion expressed herein is that of the author and not necessarily that of the Oklahoma Bar Association, or the Oklahoma Bar
Journal Board of Editors.
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
lings and parents
Renée with her sib
mily birthdays.
celebrating July fa
Wedding in Maui
Renée on vacation in Estes Park,
Colo. with her girlfriends,
(from left) Shelley Bradley, Debbie
Huggins, Renée, Elsie Draper and
Patty Himes.
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
Meet Your
Bar Association
Renée DeMoss Takes the Lead
as OBA President
By Emily Buchanan
enée DeMoss, this year’s incoming OBA president, knows
the roads of Oklahoma well. Born in Enid, the youngest of
five children, Renée and her family moved often. While she
was growing up, she lived in eight different towns and attended
seven different schools across Oklahoma until her high school
graduation in 1976.
“Plus, what do you do with
a history and political science
major? You go to law school,”
she quips.
She went on to attend
Oklahoma City University,
majoring in music. She
changed majors to history
and political science after a
year, but can still be caught
playing the flute from time
to time.
Aside from the ever-changing
laws keeping her on her toes, one
thing Renée loves about being an
attorney is the natural integration
of the profession with community service.
“I learned very quickly
how much music majors had
to practice!” Renée chuckles.
“As a lawyer, I’m never bored,
it’s always interesting,” she says.
“I’m always learning new things,
having to keep up with new
After graduating summa
areas of law. And with bar orgacum laude from OCU, a
OBA 2014 President
nizations, we provide great
friend’s ambition to begin
Renée DeMoss
public service through the founlaw school sparked Renée’s
dation, and provide member
own interest in the legal field.
benefits through the association, so I can com“I thought, ‘Hey, I could do that!’” she says.
bine being a lawyer with service activities.”
“Law school just seemed fascinating. There
Renée inherited her service-oriented mentaliwere so many different areas to concentrate on,
from her parents, who both graduated from
and I always loved reading.
high school in Enid and were high school
sweethearts. Her father, a Methodist minister
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
Why did you choose the law
school you attended?
Good value and location
What’s the name of your pet?
Torry, the Border Collie, and
Tigger Charles Edward, the
Schnoodle (Schnauzer &
Poodle mix)
Are you named for someone?
No, but my great aunt named
both my mother and me.
What famous person would you
like to hang out with?
Julia Louis Dreyfus
My most ridiculous fear is I don’t like swimming in lakes
with squishy muddy bottoms.
What’s your typical Sunday
afternoon activity?
Swimming during the summer,
watching football in the fall
and winter.
Favorite news source?
NBC, Channel 2 in Tulsa 10 blocks from my house.
What was a pivotal moment in
your life?
High school graduation.
Young Renée feeding deer at Beaver’s Bend State Park.
and her mother, a talented artist, spent time working in
community settings and on volunteer projects.
“My Dad always did things like consistently donate
blood to the Red Cross,” Renée explains. “I still give blood
to this day because of that.” She also volunteers with the
Animal Rescue Foundation and is an avid animal lover.
She also inherited her voracious travel bug from her
parents. She has been to 46 states across the U.S. with her
husband Neal Sperry and has also traveled overseas,
including a brief stint living in France while in college.
“With my dad’s career as a minister and the moving that
involved, we never hesitated to just pack up the car and
travel. I had been all over the
United States by the time I graduated from high school. Even
though they were from a small
town, my parents didn’t let
themselves be confined. They
liked to get out and see the
Though the world seemed to
be at her fingertips, she didn’t
have to travel far to find a career
she fell in love with.
What about the legal profession
inspires you?
The fact that the ultimate goal
is to achieve justice.
Most important qualities a lawyer
can have?
Trustworthiness and
How do you most often listen to
On Sirius radio in my car
Renée and Neal,
Christmas at the
Rockefeller Center
in New York
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
“Almost 30 years. Wow, that’s
really hard to believe!” she
reflects on her time spent at
GableGotwals in Tulsa. What
started as a clerkship while
enrolled at OU Law in 1982 has
quickly turned into many years
at the firm, where she now
serves as shareholder. She
remembers the first case she
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
worked on during her
clerkship — a project
that evolved from the
Penn Square Bank
failure of 1982.
What’s one thing you wish you
could change?
I’d like to shorten the driving
distance between Tulsa and
Oklahoma City.
“Our firm represented the FDIC in
that complex event,
and it generated a lot
of interesting work
very early on,” she
says of her internship
at the firm. “I learned
so much just on the
issues and litigation
resulting from that.”
Renée graduated
law school with honors in June 1984 and
started at Gable
immediately following. Her current areas
of practice include
ERISA, commercial
litigation, insurance
law and general business matters.
My best one-word piece of advice
(for life in general) is
How do you keep cool under fire?
Make lists and prioritize.
Favorite season/why.
Fall — so full of anticipation
and possibilities. Summer is
over, new school year, leaves
changing, new football season.
Favorite food Comfort food and recipes my
mother made. And sweet/salty
combo, like white chocolate
covered pretzels and sea salt.
Renée on vacation at Long’s Peak,
Best summer getaway Colorado Rocky mountains
It was at GableGotwals early in her
career that she met her long-time friend, mentor and
travel partner, Elsie Draper, who has played a significant role and provided much inspiration in Renée’s
life throughout the years.
Your best trait Loyalty, generosity
“Elsie is one of my favorite attorneys and was at
Gable when I started,” Renée says. “She was a
woman litigator at a time when there weren’t many
Where did you work during
high school?
United Grocery Store, J.C.
Penney, swimming pool.
Biggest temptation Turning off the alarm in the
What is your favorite volunteer
ARF (Animal Rescue Foundation) and American Red Cross.
Several in my family have Oblood, always giving blood;
also the OBF.
You won’t catch me without:
A purse, God’s gift to
Renée with Neal and her parents celebrating Christmas
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
It is important to me to make
time for:
Renée with her extended family
women doing that. She was a well respected,
top-notch lawyer who had incredible focus.”
The job in Tulsa led her to settle permanently in Green Country and, after 30 years, she is
proud to call it home.
“I wanted to try Tulsa, so
I stayed here, and I love it,”
Renée says. “It’s a beautiful
place to live. Our oil pioneers gave generously to our
city and provided Tulsa with
a wonderful foundation,
with the Art Deco architecture, the parks, which are
gorgeous in the spring and
fall, world-class museums.
Our downtown area is
becoming revitalized, with
all kinds of new restaurants
and other venues popping
up, and great shows at the
BOK Center and Performing
Arts Center. It’s just a really
wonderful place to live.
Not only does she have many years of experienced lawyering under her belt, Renée has
served in various capacities on OBA committees, organizations in her community and on
the Bar Foundation — all prepping her for
this year’s challenge of OBA president.
“It’s been a sort of natural
progression,” she says. “I
served as president of the
Tulsa County Bar Association and Foundation, have
been involved in several
OBA committees, and I ran
for the OBA Board of Governors after I served as
president of the Oklahoma
Bar Foundation.
“I love the bar, love what
we do,” she continues. “We
are dedicated to providing
valuable services to our
members, making sure they
have the information and
skills they need to practice
Three-year-old Renée (bottom right)
competently and profeswith her siblings
“Tulsa also has a lot of
sionally, as well as providgreat outdoor spaces and
ing information to the pubactivities, such as the Route
lic, doing pro bono work. The Oklahoma bar
66 Marathon and the Tulsa Run,” she continprovides so many important legal services to
ues. She recently completed the Tulsa Run,
so many people.”
which is 9.6 miles.
She shares her mid-town Tulsa home with
Heading into her year as president, Renée
her beloved travel partner and husband of 17
considered the value her family placed on
years and her two dogs, Torry the Border Coleducation while growing up. As a result, her
lie and Tigger the rescue Schnoodle.
top focus in 2014 is an emphasis on legal edu98
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
As she stated during her Jan. 10 swearing-in
as OBA President, Americans are quick to
name three Kardashian sisters or the Three
Stooges, but struggle to name three members
of the U.S. Supreme Court.
“This lack of knowledge and interest that
the public has in our democracy, coupled with
the periodic unhappiness that some have with
individual court decisions, can be a danger to
our system of justice in Oklahoma,” she says.
Renée is already moving forward with this
year’s public education initiative, first with
the revamping of the CourtFacts website,
www.CourtFacts.org, and also planning
dates for the town hall meetings, the first
being held at the Canadian County Courthouse in El Reno on Feb. 27.
Renée and Neal on vacation in Kauai
cation in all areas. With Oklahoma’s judicial
selection process under increasing scrutiny,
she is pressing to educate the public on the
matter, as well as to provide basic information
on the three branches of government.
“Growing up, education was always
emphasized in my family, and the general
goal of education in the law evolved throughout the past year,” she says. “It is important
that Oklahomans are educated on how our
legal system works and how qualified judges
are selected. We will be setting up an OBA
speaker’s bureau, and meeting with the public
in courthouses across the state to discuss our
system in town hall-type settings.
Additional plans are in the works to present
an appellate college at the Justice Center, a
trial college at this year’s Annual Meeting and
a December professionalism seminar. Renée is
also pushing for the bar association to work
with Oklahoma’s Promise program, which
provides funding for Oklahoma students who
would not otherwise be able to complete their
higher educations.
With her plan in place and with the dedicated attorneys of the bar association at her side,
Renée looks forward to what 2014 will bring.
Emily Buchanan is an OBA Communications
Additionally, we will highlight our Law-related Education Committee’s focus on civics
education for Oklahoma students, as well as
our Law Day programs.” she continues. “This
year’s Law Day theme is Democracy and You,
and addresses how we must preserve our
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
are quick to name
three Kardashian
sisters or the Three
Stooges, but struggle
to name three
members of the U.S.
Supreme Court.
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
Meet Your
Bar Association
Volunteers Who Guide Your Association
o Background: I was born
in Oklahoma City but
moved with my folks at
an early age and grew up
in a small town in the
San Francisco bay area. I
returned to Oklahoma to
attend college after being
discharged from the
Army in 1969. Been
here since!
David Poarch Jr.
o Education: University of
Central Oklahoma, B.A.
1973; University of Oklahoma College of Law,
J.D. 1977
o Why did you choose the law school you attended? They accepted me! Actually, reputation, cost
and location. I was married, had a baby, fulltime job with a pharmaceutical company and
home when I applied to several law schools, so
all that weighed in my ultimate decision.
o What’s the name of your pet? Macy, our toy
poodle, died several years ago. She’s been
o Are you named for someone? I’m a junior, the
oldest of three and named after my father. There
are lots of men named David through the generations in my family, from my great-grandfather
to my grandson.
o What famous person would you like to hang out
with? Historically, Nelson Mandela; currently,
Warren Buffet, Jeff Bezos or President Bush 41
(George H.W.)
o My most ridiculous fear is… Well, I’m not a big
spelunker, if that tells you anything!
in Medicine Park, where we hike, hang out with
friends or just relax.
o F
avorite news source? Several. Wall Street Journal. New York Times. NPR in the car, PBS News
Hour on TV and the Oklahoma News Report with
our own, Dick Pryor, on the weekend.
o What was a pivotal moment in your life? My
service in Vietnam as a medic at age 18, right
out of high school; shaped my perspective
on life.
o What about the legal profession inspires you?
The seemingly endless number of lawyers,
young and old, who selflessly (and quietly)
serve others without any expectation of gratitude or remuneration in return; often when others are indifferent or even critical of their service.
o What are the most important qualities a lawyer
can have? Honesty and integrity, first and foremost. Competence and compassion, not always
in that order. Curiosity, empathy, and the ability
and willingness to actually listen to others, not
just hear ourselves talk.
o How do you most often listen to music? XM in
the car, iPod in the house
o What’s one thing you wish you could change?
The weather – if only!
o My best one-word piece of advice is…
o How do you keep cool under fire? Stay focused
and press on. I just challenge myself to keep
things in perspective; step back, consider the bigger picture, and not get overly invested in the
moment. Remind myself not to take it personally.
o What’s your typical Sunday afternoon activity?
Often, it’s returning to Norman from our cabin
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
o Background: I was
born in Bartlesville
and was part of the
last graduating class of
Sooner High School. I
went to college and
law school in California, and practiced law
in San Francisco for
several years before
moving back to Oklahoma City in 1991.
During college, I
Susan S. Shields
played alto sax in the
Stanford band and was
Oklahoma City
on the field during
“the play” (young people will have to look it
up). I am a shareholder at McAfee & Taft in
Oklahoma City, where I primarily practice
wealth transfer planning, trusts and estates,
business succession planning and nonprofit
law. I have two sons, Sam (17) and Ethan (15).
o What are the most important qualities a
lawyer can have? Honesty, attention to detail
and determination to arrive at the “right”
solution combined with a willingness to do
the work to get there.
o How do you most often listen to music? iPod
o What’s one thing you wish you could change?
Airport security
o My best one-word piece of advice is… Breathe.
o How do you keep cool under fire? Exercise
always helps, sometimes chocolate does, too.
Background: Born and
raised in Shawnee;
partner in the 109year-old law firm of
Stuart & Clover.
Education: Shawnee
Public Schools, University of Central Oklahoma and University of
Tulsa College of Law.
Why did you choose
the law school you
attended? Provided
quality education with
emphasis on my areas
of interest.
o Education: B.A. with honors from Stanford
University, J.D. from UCLA School of Law
o Why did you choose the law school you
attended? It was a top law school — and near
the beach as a bonus!
o What are the names of your pets? Grace, Gordon and Jazz – two Australian shepherds and
a black lab
o Are you named for someone? My middle name
is a family name.
o W
hat famous person would you like to hang
out with? John F. Kennedy
o My most ridiculous fear is… Spiders
o What’s your typical Sunday afternoon activity? Doing something outside — usually with
some work, cooking and laundry thrown in
Jim Stuart
Past President
o What’s the name of your pet? Bella, our
o Are you named for someone? Yes, my maternal
grandfather and my paternal great-grandfather
o W
hat famous person would you like to hang
out with? Abraham Lincoln
o My most ridiculous fear is… Heights
o Favorite news source? NPR, New York Times
and Wall Street Journal
o What’s your typical Sunday afternoon activity? Watching television sports and examining
abstracts of title
o What was a pivotal moment in your life?
Nothing will ever surpass the births of my two
wonderful sons, Sam and Ethan.
o Favorite news source? Newspapers and CNN
o What about the legal profession inspires you?
The privilege of assisting clients with solving
problems and helping them make critical decisions impacting their families and businesses
o What was a pivotal moment in your life?
Marrying my wife, Kathy
o What about the legal profession inspires you?
Helping people improve their lives
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
o What are the most important qualities a
lawyer can have? Honesty and hard work
o What was a pivotal moment in your life?
Birth of my children
o How do you most often listen to music?
Car radio — SiriusXM
o What are the most important qualities a lawyer can have? Integrity
o What’s one thing you wish you could change?
My mistakes
o How do you most often listen to music? Radio
o What’s one thing you wish you could change?
Would like to be a couple of inches taller.
o My best one-word piece of advice is…
o How do you keep cool under fire? Think of my
o Background: Born in
San Antonio, Texas;
raised in Stillwater and
Tulsa, lived in Arkansas as a teenager and
young adult; moved to
Bartlesville in 1990;
taught public school
from 1977 until 1997
when I began practicing law full time. Married to Curt Thomas;
Linda Thomas
children: Brad Daniel
and his wife, Christy
Governor from Charlotte, NC;
District No. One
Allison Zelinski and
her husband, AJ, and
my grandchildren,
Adam (6) and Abby (4)
from Austin, Texas; Amy Atkins and her husband, Matt also from Austin.
o Education: B.A. in speech pathology, B.A. in
elementary education; J.D. from University of
Tulsa College of Law, 1994
o Why did you choose the law school you
attended? It was within driving distance of the
community in which my family lives and I
o My best one-word piece of advice is… Give
o Background: Born in
the city of Newport
Beach, Calif.; raised on
a small farm in Goodwater, Okla.
o Education: Graduated
from Oklahoma City
University School of
Law in 1998.
Kevin Sain
Governor District No. Two
o W
hy did you choose
the law school you
attended? First school
that accepted me.
o What are the names of
your pets? I had a cat
named Tiger and dog
named Junior that I apparently called Ginger
as a child.
o Are you named for someone? I have the same
middle name as my father.
o What famous person would you like to hang
out with? Larry Bird
o My most ridiculous fear is… Dirty door knobs
o What’s your typical Sunday afternoon activity? Checking game cameras at the ranch
o What’s the name of your pet? I do not have
a pet.
o Favorite news source? CNN
o Are you named for someone? My mother
o What was a pivotal moment in your life?
The birth of my two boys.
o What famous person would you like to hang
out with? Condoleezza Rice
o My most ridiculous fear is… Claustrophobia
o What about the legal profession inspires you?
The ability to help those who can’t afford to
hire an attorney
o What’s your typical Sunday afternoon activity? Relax some and cook for the week
o What are the most important qualities a
lawyer can have? Compassion and integrity
o Favorite news source? Cable news
o How do you most often listen to music? iPod
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
o What’s one thing you wish you could change?
I wish Idabel was closer to Oklahoma City.
o Are you named for someone? I am named after
my grandfather, Robert Donald Gifford.
o My best one-word piece of advice is… Patience
o What famous person would you like to hang
out with? Depends if the famous person is
currently “alive” or deceased. If deceased, I
would like to hang out with Elvis. If alive? I
would say Elvis again (just in case the tabloids
were right).
o How do you keep cool under fire? I try to
imagine it being over quickly.
ackground: Born and
raised in Mannford
(Creek County); began
my legal career as an
Army JAG living in
Fort Knox, Ken., Bosnia and Fort Sill. Left
active duty to become
an assistant district
attorney in Tulsa and
remained an Army
Reserve JAG as the
first military defense
Robert D.
counsel assigned in
Oklahoma. I joined the
U.S. Attorney’s Office
Governor in Reno, Nev., and
District No. Three
eventually came
Oklahoma City
“home” to the U.S.
Attorney’s Office in
Oklahoma City. As a reservist, I’ve been a
defense counsel, an instructor at the Army JAG
School and currently serve as the staff judge
advocate to the historic 95th Division (Iron
Men of the Metz) at Fort Sill and hold the rank
of lieutenant colonel. Tribal member of the
Cherokee Nation and serve as the chief judge
for the Kaw Nation tribal court and am a justice on the Iowa Nation Supreme Court, as
well as serving as an adjunct law professor at
the law schools at OU, OCU and Arkansas.
Gloria and I have three amazing daughters,
Gabriela (15), Olivia (12) and Juliana (7).
o Education: J.D., University of Oklahoma College of Law; B.A. (x 3), Southwestern College
in Winfield, Kan., and Mannford High School.
Currently pursuing a master’s in strategic
studies through the U.S. Army War College
at Carlisle Barracks, Penn.
o Why did you choose the law school you
attended? The real question some may ask is
why did any law school choose me?
o My most ridiculous fear is… Reptiles or
o What’s your typical Sunday afternoon activity? Depends on the time of year in which I
may go for a nice run on a trail, but above all
any time with my three daughters is perfect.
o Favorite news source? I am a news junkie, so I
get it from everywhere (newspapers, radio, TV,
online/social media and other samizdat). My
favorite is The Daily Show with Jon Stewart to
keep it light.
o What was a pivotal moment in your life?
Becoming a father and being one every day
o What about the legal profession inspires you?
It is without limits, and there are so many in
our profession who do so much for so many
o W
hat are the most important qualities a
lawyer can have? Integrity, character, a sense
of humor and honor
o How do you most often listen to music?
With my ears
o What’s one thing you wish you could change?
If I could change any one thing, I would
change the number of things I could change to
more than just one. After that, I have a laundry
list of things.
o My best one-word piece of advice is… Smile.
o How do you keep cool under fire? Remember
to never let them see you sweat, that revenge
is best served cold, and above all, forgiveness
is most noble.
o What are the names of your pets? The chocolate lab is Norman (because we found him in
Norman); the cat is Tahoe (found not far from
Lake Tahoe) and the springer spaniel is Louie
(calling him “Animal Shelter” didn’t flow well,
and my other name for him upset the kids).
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
o B
ackground: Grew up
on a wheat, cotton,
alfalfa and cattle farm
south of Hobart and
graduated from Hobart
High School in 1969
Douglas L.
o E
ducation: B.S. in ag
econ from OSU in 1973
and J.D. from Washington College of Law
(American University)
in Washington, D.C. in
Governor District No. Four
o W
hy did you choose
the law school you
attended? I started at
the University of Oklahoma, but when I had
the opportunity to work for Sen. Henry Bellmon in Washington, D.C., I transferred to the
Washington College of Law, American
o What are the names of your pets? Our dog is a
collie named Owen, and our cat is Charlie.
o Are you named for someone? I was named for
one of my dad’s high school friends, Doug
o What famous person would you like to hang
out with? Winston Churchill
o My most ridiculous fear is… My sons having
long hair or my daughters having pierced ears
o What’s your typical Sunday afternoon
activity? In the spring and summer I work in
my garden and yard; in the fall I watch pro
o Favorite news source? Bloomberg
o What was a pivotal moment in your life? I
have two pivotal moments — 1) deciding
to attend Oklahoma State University and
2) marrying my wife, Beth
o How do you most often listen to music? I am
on the road quite a bit, and I listen to ‘50s and
‘60s music on Sirius radio.
o What’s one thing you wish you could change?
Coach Sutton substituting Weatherspoon for
Lucas in the closing moments of OSU’s game
with Georgia Tech in the Final Four
o My best one-word piece of advice is… Listen
o How do you keep cool under fire? Be prepared
o B
ackground: I grew up
in Madill. My dad was
a cattle rancher who
served as a cavalry
officer in WWI and
again as a troop transport commander in
WWII. I worked on the
ranch and in a sale
barn when I was
young. My other dad
was a journalist and
WWII officer in the
Jim Drummond
Pacific Theater. My
Governor mother was a newspaDistrict No. Five
per editor early on,
and my other mother
had a degree in psychology from OSU.
My wife, Deborah, has a degree in psychology
from OU. I have done my best to keep up with
them all, though of course that goal is an
o Education: Bachelor’s in English at Wesleyan
U. (Conn.), M.A. in creative writing at CCNY,
J.D. from OU
o Why did you choose the law school you
attended? It was cheaper by far than NYU,
even with a half scholarship, but mainly it was
home, which I somehow longed for while in
the Army.
o What are the names of your pets? Dogs are
Gabby, Sophie and Sasha; cat is Samson
o What about the legal profession inspires you?
Helping people work through problems
o Are you named for someone? Named after both
fathers, James M. Combs and Alfred Alexander
Drummond. Yes, I have two sets of parents.
o What are the most important qualities a
lawyer can have? The ability to listen, develop
a game plan to meet your clients’ needs and
having a strong work ethic
o What famous person would you like to hang
out with? Terry Pratchett, British novelist
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
o My most ridiculous fear is… Nothing, because
no fear is ridiculous, but I hate moths and love
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
o What’s your typical Sunday afternoon activity? Anything with Deborah
o Favorite news source? National Public Radio
o What was a pivotal moment in your life?
When I decided to return to law school, after
leaving as a 3L to go to CCNY for creative
writing. Kudos to my cattle rancher dad for
never pressuring me even though he was mortified when I said I hated law and would never
go back despite my relative success there.
o W
hy did you choose the law school you
attended? The University of Kansas law school
offered a top-notch education and a great basketball team to watch during study breaks.
(Rock Chalk Jayhawk!) A bonus was that my
future husband, Alan Souter, was also attending KU.
o W
hat’s the name of your pet? Lexi, a golden
retriever (aka the “Golden Goat” because she
will eat almost anything)
o Are you named for someone? No
o W
hat about the legal profession inspires you?
The incredible generosity and compassion of
o W
hat famous person would you like to hang
out with? Kenny Chesney or Walt Disney
o W
hat are the most important qualities a
lawyer can have? Perseverance and absolute
ethical integrity
o M
y most ridiculous fear is… Sharks (I should
have never watched the movie Jaws as a
o H
ow do you most often listen to music?
iTunes and car CDs
o W
hat’s your typical Sunday afternoon activity? Family time, run a few miles and get
everyone ready for the week ahead
o W
hat’s one thing you wish you could change?
The attack on habeas corpus by the Anti-Terrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996
o M
y best one-word piece of advice is…
o F
avorite news source? TV local 10 p.m. newscast and Sunday morning paper
o W
hat was a pivotal moment in your life?
Meeting my future husband, Alan Souter, in
Eskimo Joe’s in Stillwater in 1989
o H
ow do you keep cool under fire? Breathe and
defer my reaction till I am calmer
o B
ackground: Born in
Tulsa; graduated from
Tulsa Memorial High
School, Class of 1986;
attended OSU and met
my husband, Alan
Souter, in Eskimo Joe’s,
and we married in
1993. We have two children — Noelle, age 15
and Parker, age 11;
began practicing law in
1993 with my father,
Kim Hays
James R. Hays, in Tulsa;
Governor and after his death in
District No. Six
1994, I joined a firm for
a short time and then
opened my solo practice in Tulsa in 1998. My
legal assistant/friend, Stephanie Pierce, has
been with me since 1996. I practice exclusively
in the area of family law.
o W
hat about the legal profession inspires you?
The challenge of learning the always-changing
laws and the opportunity to guide a client
through a difficult transition in life
o W
hat are the most important qualities a
lawyer can have? Organization, ethical, civility
and courteous — a sense of humor is also
o H
ow do you most often listen to music? XM
radio to and from the office or while driving
with the kids and iPod when running
o W
hat’s one thing you wish you could change?
I wish I had a better “math brain.”
o My best one-word piece of advice is… Laugh.
o H
ow do you keep cool under fire? Smile and
say nothing for at least 10 seconds.
o E
ducation: B.A. Oklahoma State University,
1990; J.D., University of Kansas School of Law,
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
Bret Smith
Governor District No. Seven
o Background: Born in
Kingfisher on Jan. 6,
1964; an Okie from
Muskogee since 1968;
honorably discharged
from the Oklahoma
Army National Guard
in 1987; was a partner
with Bill Haworth and
Mike Finerty —
Haworth, Finerty &
Smith; now president
of Bret A. Smith, Attorney at Law, P.C.
o E
ducation: Graduated
OU, B.A. political science in 1986; graduated TU law school 1990.
o W
hy did you choose the law school you
attended? It was close to home and had a good
o W
hat are the names of your pets? Ginger,
Magnum and Sandy
oAre you named for someone? No
o B
ackground: Born in
Germany to a military
family. Father from
Monroe, Okla. and
mother from Czechoslovakia; raised in
three countries and
several states
Jim Marshall
Governor District No. Eight
o E
ducation: Graduated
Baumholder American
High School, Baumholder, Germany; B.A.
from OU, M.A. in
international relations
from Creighton University, Nebraska; J.D.
from OU
o W
hy did you choose the law school you
attended? I was in the U.S. Air Force stationed
in another state when selected to attend law
school; decided to attend law school in my
“home state.”
o W
hat’s the name of your pet? Our most recent
addition is a dog, Boomer.
o Are you named for someone? Yes
o W
hat famous person would you like to hang
out with? Bill Clinton
o My most ridiculous fear is… Being suffocated
o W
hat famous person would you like to hang
out with? Click and Clack, NPR’s “Car Talk”
radio show hosts
o W
hat’s your typical Sunday afternoon activity? Checking cows and drinking beer.
o M
y most ridiculous fear is… Not being able to
find any more vanilla Tootsie Rolls
o Favorite news source? CNN
o W
hat’s your typical Sunday afternoon activity? Pickup truck, chain saw and/or brush hog
o W
hat was a pivotal moment in your life? Birth
of my oldest child
o Favorite news source? Wall Street Journal
o W
hat about the legal profession inspires you?
The ability to help people
o W
hat about the legal profession inspires you?
The opportunity to “do good” for my clients
o W
hat are the most important qualities a
lawyer can have? Ethics and honesty
o W
hat are the most important qualities a
lawyer can have? Their word is their bond.
o H
ow do you most often listen to music?
XM radio
o H
ow do you most often listen to music?
I miss my eight-track.
o W
hat’s one thing you wish you could change?
My age
o My best one-word piece of advice is… Trust
o M
y best one-word piece of advice is…
o H
ow do you keep cool under fire? Keep all
things in perspective.
o H
ow do you keep cool under fire? Bite my lip
and clinch my fist (LOL)
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
John Kinslow
Governor District No. Nine
ackground: I was
born in Okemah and
lived with my maternal
grandmother and
younger sister in a
one-woman telephone
exchange in Cromwell
until I was 5, when we
moved to Wewoka to
join my mother. The
four of us lived in
Shawnee during my
junior and senior high
school years. I can’t
imagine a better place
and time to be a teenager than Shawnee in
the ’50s.
o W
hat’s one thing you wish you could change?
That everyone could learn that reasonable people can and do disagree on most issues (which
I have to remind myself about from time to
o My best one-word piece of advice is… Relax
How do you keep cool under fire? I’m not sure I
keep cool under fire, but when in difficult situations, I try to focus on what is really important.
o B
ackground: I was
born at Altus AFB and
raised mostly in
o E
ducation: B.A., Oklahoma Baptist University,
1963; J.D., University of Oklahoma, 1965
o E
ducation: B.A. University of Oklahoma,
1978; J.D. University of
Oklahoma, 1982
o W
hy did you choose the law school you
attended? I wanted to practice law in Oklahoma and decided OU would be the best choice
and the least expensive of the three state law
o W
hy did you choose
the law school you
attended? It was the
only one that I could
o W
hat’s the name of your pet? We don’t have a
pet at this time.
o A
re you named for someone? I was named in
part for my maternal grandfather, whose first
name was Wesley; my mother decided to give
me John as my first name.
o W
hat famous person would you like to hang
out with? President Barack Obama
o My most ridiculous fear is… Public speaking
o W
hat’s your typical Sunday afternoon activity? Taking it easy
o Favorite news source? New York Times
o W
hat was a pivotal moment in your life?
When Carolyn agreed to marry me
o W
hat about the legal profession inspires you?
The fact that we help people
o W
hat are the most important qualities a
lawyer can have? An open, inquiring mind,
compassion for others and good work ethics
o H
ow do you most often listen to music?
XM radio
Richard D.
Governor At Large
o W
hat are the names of
your pets? My dog is
Winston Churchill;
Peggy’s cat is Izze.
o Are you named for someone? No.
o W
hat famous person would you like to hang
out with? Theodore Roosevelt, because the
man knew how to live a life
o M
y most ridiculous fear is… We no longer get
o W
hat’s your typical Sunday afternoon activity? Drinking coffee and recycling with my dog
o Favorite news source? The Daily Show
o W
hat was a pivotal moment in your life?
When I chose between being an actor or a
o W
hat about the legal profession inspires you?
The Rule of Law
o W
hat are the most important qualities a
lawyer can have? Integrity
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
o H
ow do you most often listen to music?
Car radio
o H
ow do you most often listen to music? On
my iPhone but prefer my precious collection
of CDs
o W
hat’s one thing you wish you could change?
I would have been born rich instead of so good
o W
hat’s one thing you wish you could change?
My age, so I could do it all again.
o My best one-word piece of advice is… Chill
o My best one-word piece of advice is… Love
o H
ow do you keep cool under fire? Sometimes,
I don’t
o H
ow do you keep cool under fire? I try to
think, plan ahead, work hard and avoid
Nancy Parrott
Governor At large
Oklahoma City
o B
ackground: Born and
raised in Atoka; Atoka
High School Wampus
Cat. Taught high
school English before
going to OCU law
school at night and
running commercial
interior decorating
business. Was in private law practice, then
marshal of the Oklahoma Supreme Court
for 25 years. Two
grown daughters, six
grandsons and one
o E
ducation: B.A. in English, speech and French
from OU; M.A. in family counseling from
North Texas University, J.D. from OCU
o W
hy did you choose the law school you
attended? I chose OCU because I was a single
mom working full time and needed night
o W
hat famous person would you like to hang
out with? If Jesus is not an option, I’d pick
Burns Hargis and Mike Turpen — smart,
funny, mentally stimulating men of integrity.
o M
y most ridiculous fear is… An elevator door
that will not open
o W
hat’s your typical Sunday afternoon activity? Sunday afternoon is for family, doing
almost anything or nothing.
o F
avorite news source? Early morning newspaper with coffee
o W
hat about the legal profession inspires you?
The lawyers in the legal profession inspire me;
best folks I know.
o B
ackground: Born and
raised in Stillwater;
moved to Enid in 1977
after Terry and I married; moved to Norman in 1981 to start
law school and moved
to Tulsa in 1984 and to
Sand Springs in 1985 –
I love Oklahoma! I’ve
worked in private
practice, as a trial
judge and as city attorney for the city of
Deirdre O’Neil
Tulsa. I’ve been marDexter
ried to my husband,
Governor Terry, since 1977; we
At large
have two sons, a beauTulsa
tiful daughter-in-law
and granddaughter —
and another grandbaby on the way!
o E
ducation: OSU for three years and then graduated cum laude from Phillips University in
1981; J.D. from OU with highest honors in 1984
o W
hy did you choose the law school you
attended? Terry and I were trying to start our
family when I decided to apply to law school
so we made the decision to stay in Oklahoma
to be near both sets of grandparents. I found
out I was accepted to OU and TU the same
week I found out I was pregnant with our
oldest son. OU had the best tuition rate for
our young family.
o W
hat’s the name of your pet? Bailey is our
15-year-old border collie, Sorcha is our 3-yearold border collie and Shylah is our younger
son’s 8-year-old border collie mix (aka Bailey’s
boo-boo) who is currently staying with us.
o A
re you named for someone? Yes, Deirdre of
the Sorrows, a Celtic legend of whom there are
a variety of books and plays written.
o W
hat are the most important qualities a
lawyer can have? Honesty
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
o W
hat famous person would you like to hang
out with? Living: Sean Connery (a crush
from my youth); deceased: Rev. Martin Luther
King Jr.
professional, it helps me maintain my composure and focus.
o M
y most ridiculous fear is… Grasshoppers.
Although it’s not so much fear as just hating
the fact you never know where they might
jump — women in skirts and men in kilts
understand what I mean. So maybe it isn’t
really ridiculous.
o W
hat’s your typical Sunday afternoon activity? Hanging out at the lake or, if Addie is with
us, playing with her in her fort, coloring, reading books or any other activity in which she
wants to engage. I also can be found doing
laundry, ironing and getting ready for the
week ahead.
o F
avorite news source? Tulsa World – I read it
online nearly every morning.
o W
hat was a pivotal moment in your life?
When I started work as a legal secretary in
Enid. That was what convinced me that the
law was something about which I could be
passionate and enjoy doing, in one form or
another, for the rest of my life.
o W
hat about the legal profession inspires you?
Being a lawyer gives me the opportunity to
help others and the community – I love working to make a difference. The vast majority of
lawyers are wonderful people, and it’s an
honor to be part of the legal profession.
o W
hat are the most important qualities a lawyer can have? To be respectful to others, even
if they don’t deserve it; a good sense of humor;
a strong work ethic; a willingness to look at all
sides of an issue.
o H
ow do you most often listen to music?
Sirius-XM in my car
o W
hat’s one thing you wish you could change?
The all-too-prevalent “scorched earth” attitude
that it’s better to win at all costs than consider
the long-term ramifications, which may mean
that a compromise is the better approach.
o M
y best one-word piece of advice is… Faith —
it has so many different applications in so
many different situations.
o H
ow do you keep cool under fire? I do my
utmost to remain professional and try to stay
composed. If I can concentrate on remaining
Kaleb Hennigh
Governor YLD Chair
o B
ackground: I was
born and raised in
northwest Oklahoma,
graduating from
Laverne High School
in 1996 with strong
rural and agricultural
roots and interests. My
wife, Jennifer, and I
returned to Enid in
2007 following the
birth of our first son,
where I have been
practicing ever since.
My wife and I have
two sons, Karsen (6)
and Jase (4).
o E
ducation: B.S.
Agricultural Communications, Oklahoma State University, 2000;
J.D. University of Oklahoma College of Law,
2003; L.L.M. University of Arkansas College
of law, 2005.
o W
hy did you choose the law school you
attended? I wanted to obtain my J.D. within
the state of Oklahoma, and albeit my love for
my Oklahoma State Cowboys I headed south
to Norman with several other OSU alumni and
o W
hat’s the name of your pet? My wife has a
yorkie named Bentley; I’ll only claim the hunting dog though, named Rambo.
o A
re you named for someone? My father named
me after an outlaw in an old Western movie he
loved (I don’t recall the name of the movie).
o W
hat famous person would you like to hang
out with? Will Rogers
o M
y most ridiculous fear is… I don’t believe I
slow down long enough to have one.
o W
hat’s your typical Sunday afternoon activity? Finding ways to enjoy time with my sons,
trying to harness all the energy that God
blessed these ornery boys with!!
o Favorite news source? Local community and
state newspapers
o W
hat was a pivotal moment in your life? The
summer following my sophomore year at
OSU, when making the decision to serve as an
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
intern with the Oklahoma Department of Agriculture. It was during this internship that my
interest in policy and law was born and ultimately led me to attend law school. Although I
was headed to law school to gain insight and
requisite knowledge to assist me in pursuing
my “dream job” as a state/federal lobbyist
(not to practice law), things changed I guess.
o W
hat about the legal profession inspires you? Quality and commitment of the individuals
involved in the practice of law
o How do you most often listen to music? Radio
o W
hat’s one thing you wish you could change?
Where to begin…
o M
y best one-word piece of advice is… Always
maintain a positive attitude
o H
ow do you keep cool under fire? Focusing
on the big picture regardless of any small
problems or controversies immediately
facing me
o W
hat are the most important qualities a
lawyer can have? Civility
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
Meet Your
Bar Association
OBA Departments and the
Member Services They Provide
olunteer leaders may be the chief engineers who keep any
professional association on track, but it is the staff who
provides the power to move forward. Member services are
an essential part of the Oklahoma Bar Association. Learn more
about what each department offers members, and put a name
with a face in photos of the employees who work for you — bar
association members.
Executive Director
OBA Bylaws, Article IV, Section 4:
(a). The Executive Director shall keep the
roster of the members of the Association and of
the House of Delegates entitled to vote therein.
He or she shall record and be the custodian of
the minutes, journal and records of the Association and of the House of Delegates and of the
Board of Governors.
(b). The Executive Director shall act as Treasurer, and be the custodian of the funds of the
Association. No funds shall be withdrawn
except in the manner approved by the Board
of Governors.
(1) The expenditures of the Association shall
be in accordance with the provisions of the
Rules Creating and Controlling the Oklahoma
Bar Association as promulgated by the Oklahoma Supreme Court.
(2) The Executive Director shall maintain at all
times a fidelity bond executed by a surety company as surety, the amount thereof and the surety to be approved by the Board of Governors.
(c). He shall supervise the office of the Association and its personnel and shall see that the
work of the Association is properly performed.
He or she shall also perform such other duties
Executive Director John Morris Williams and
Executive Assistant Debbie Brink
as the House of Delegates, the Board of
Governors or the President of the Association
may direct.
Rules Creating and Controlling the OBA,
Article VI, Section 4:
The Executive Director shall perform such
duties and services as may be required by these
Rules or the Bylaws and as may be directed by
the Board of Governors or the President of the
Association. He shall also keep a complete and
accurate list of the members of the Association;
notify delinquent members and certify the
names of delinquent members to the Supreme
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
Court as required by these Rules; certify to the
Supreme Court records and other matters as
provided by these rules.
o invoicing senior members and non-members
for Oklahoma Bar Journal subscriptions
o managing the Legal Intern Program
Phone: 405-416-7014
o producing certificates of good standing
for our members
o processing expense claims for OBA
officers, YLD officers, and section and
committee members
Phone: 405-416-7000
Membership: 405-416-7080
ADMINISTRATION – Durrel “Doc” Lattimore,
Wanda F. Reece, Director Craig Combs, Tracy Sanders,
Suzi Hendrix and Roberta Yarbrough
The Communications Department has
responsibility for the OBA’s
member communications and
external public relations efforts. Areas of
major emphasis are:
o publishing 34 issues of the Oklahoma Bar
The responsibilities of the Administration
Department are multi-faceted, but its primary emphasis is handling finances, human
resources, Annual Meeting planning, bar center operations and maintaining official membership information. Specific duties include:
o scheduling bar center meeting rooms
o coordinating and scheduling meetings
utilizing video conference equipment in
Oklahoma City and Tulsa
Journal every year
o managing social media such as the OBA’s
official Facebook page and Twitter account
o contributing stories and information for the
OBA website to keep members current
o assisting the Law Day Committee in
accomplishing extensive Law Day statewide
activities and community service projects
that generate significant positive public
recognition for the legal profession
o assisting committees and sections with
mailings to their members
o providing mailing labels of bar members
to committees and sections
o tracking expenditures for all committees
and sections
o providing monthly committee and
section accounting reports upon request
o ensuring the bar center interior and
exterior facilities are maintained so
members can take pride in their
o maintaining and updating member
roster information
COMMUNICATIONS – Jarrod Beckstrom, Director
Carol Manning, Emily Buchanan, Assistant Director
Lori Rasmussen
o publishing the OBA Annual Meeting
program and House of Delegates book and
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
promoting award winners, the meeting itself
and election results
o developing and implementing a
communications strategy untilizing the
medium of videography to inform bar
members and the public
statewide Ask A Lawyer community service
project in which volunteer attorneys give
free legal advice to people who call in,
implement marketing strategies to promote
the Ask A Lawyer free legal advice and
produce a one-hour, interview-style TV
program, in cooperation with OETA (the
state’s PBS affiliate) that shows how lawyers
work to improve the lives of all Oklahomans
More specific duties that benefit members
o editing information submitted by and about
The department also assists the Awards
bar members for the FYI and Bench & Bar
Committee, Disaster Response and Relief
Briefs section of the bar journal
Committee, Lawyers Helping Lawyers
Assistance Program Committee and
o publishing the monthly E-News for OBA
Young Lawyers Division.
members with e-mail addresses
o expediting information requests from the
Phone: 405-416-7004 news media
o issuing news releases about association
o assisting OBA committees, sections and
divisions in publicizing their projects to
both members and the media
o working with sections to publish short
law articles related to the section’s focus
o assisting sections and committees with
placing and designing free ads in the
bar journal to promote their activities to
other members
CLE – Director Susan Damron Krug, Renee
The department serves as a
Montgomery, Mark Schneidewent, Assistant Director
liaison for one board and several comHeidi McComb and Susan Carey
mittees and assists in accomplishing their
goals. Responsibilities include:
o working with the 10-member Board of
Editors that reviews articles submitted and
plans for future theme-related Oklahoma Bar
Journal issues; once articles are approved for
publication, the staff has charge of editing,
proofreading and layout
o assisting the Communications Committee in
its projects including overseeing the
publication of 16 brochures on such topics as
divorce, landlord/tenant rights and estate
planning. Brochures are distributed free as a
community service to individuals, libraries,
nonprofit organizations, etc.; and staff
handles the continuous demand for those
materials to be mailed across the state
o working with the Law Day Committee to
conduct statewide contests for Oklahoma
students, provide county Law Day
chairpersons with both event and promotion
ideas for county celebrations, coordinate the
Continuing Legal Education
OBA/CLE is the state’s leading CLE provider. The staff works hard to provide innovative,
timely and entertaining programs to meet
all our members’ needs. Call Director of
Educational Programs Susan Damron Krug
at 405-416-7028 with your program ideas.
Department services include:
o developing and producing hundreds of
quality live seminars and webcasts
o offering video replays of the live seminars
o developing and producing on-demand and
audio seminars, including webcast encores
o offering recent seminar publications in hard
copy or electronic format
o developing and producing CLE at the OBA
Annual Meeting
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
o coordinating with the Management
Assistance Program to plan and facilitate the
annual Solo and Small Firm Conference
o assisting the Women in Law, Diversity and
Professionalism committees with conferences
o working with OBA officers to plan
leadership training for OBA members
o coordinating with various OBA sections in
the planning of OBA/CLE section
cosponsored CLE seminars
o securing local and nationally recognized
experts to present continuing legal education
programming in Oklahoma
o creating electronic forms to assist members
in various areas of law practice
o providing online OBA/CLE registration
o timely application of attendance credit to
enable members to have an up-to-date
view of accumulated OBA/CLE credit
on my.okbar.org
ETHICS COUNSEL – Ethics Counsel
Travis Pickens
o preparing and presenting CLE programs on
the topics of ethics and professionalism
Phone: 405-416-7029
Email: [email protected]
o acting as a liaison to the Bench and Bar,
Ethics Counsel
The Office of Ethics Counsel is a membership service available only to OBA members.
It was created to assist members with conflict
dilemmas, confidentiality questions, communication concerns and other ethical inquiries
unique to the profession. The Office of Ethics
Counsel is autonomous from and independent
of the Office of the General Counsel. Members
seeking assistance with ethical questions are
afforded an “attorney/client” relationship
with the full expectation of confidentiality.
Through the Office of Ethics Counsel, Oklahoma Bar Association members can obtain informal guidance and advisory interpretations of
the rules of professional conduct. The office is
staffed by Ethics Counsel Travis Pickens and
his assistant, Nickie Day. Responsibilities of
the Ethics Counsel include:
Professionalism and Lawyers Helping
Lawyers committees and the Legal Ethics
Advisory Panel
o monitoring the OBA diversion program and
teaching related classes
Phone: 405-416-7055
Email: [email protected]
o answering ethics questions from members of
the Oklahoma Bar Association
o researching and writing ethics materials for
the OBA website, CLE publications, seminars
and the Oklahoma Bar Journal
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
GENERAL COUNSEL – (Seated) Debbie Maddox,
General Counsel Gina Hendryx, Loraine Dillinder
Farabow; (back row) Tommy Humphries, Steve
Sullins and Katherine Ogden
Tommy Butler, Bill Thames, Sharon Orth;
(back row) Tanner Condley and Krystal Willis
General Counsel
o processes and approves the registration for
The Office of the General Counsel is
charged with the responsibility of:
o administers the trust account overdraft
attorneys from other jurisdictions
o reviewing and investigating allegations of
lawyer misconduct or incapacity
o reviewing and investigating allegations of
the unauthorized practice of law
o prosecuting violations of the Oklahoma
Rules of Professional Conduct
o administering the Clients’ Security Fund
In addition to these enumerated duties, the
Office of the General Counsel:
o serves as liaison to the OBA Board of
Governors advising the governing group on
legal matters
notification program
Phone: 405-416-7007
Information Technology
The Information Technology Department is
responsible for desktop computer support to
staff, network management of internal servers
and externally accessible servers, Web application development and maintenance, mailing
list management, development of association
management system and database, network
security, audio/visual support to staff, monitoring of evolving technologies and assistance
to all departments to utilize technology in
their departments. The Information Technology Department’s functions are mostly of an
internal nature; however, services directly
benefiting members are:
o providing a mailing list for each committee
and section through the list servers to
communicate with members easily and in a
cost effective manner
o maintaining a committee chairperson list
and a section chairperson list serve to allow
communication between the association and
the chairs, as well as between the chairs
o providing a website to include a members-
SUPPORT STAFF — Dieadra Goss, Misty Hill,
Laura Willis and (seated) Manni Arzola
only section where members can update
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
tory citizenship through digital media. LRE
is under the direction of Jane McConnell,
Law-related Education coordinator and
Debra Jenkins, administrative assistant.
Information about specific LRE programs
and resources is available on the OBA website at www.okbar.org/public/lre.
Phone: 405-416-7024
Email: [email protected]
Director Robbin Watson, Brandon Haynie; (back row)
Larry Quinn, Matt Gayle
roster information, pay dues, register for
CLE, review MCLE credits, etc.
o promoting the association’s online presence
through the OBA website and various social
media outlets
o providing free sign-up for the
lawyer referral service
Phone: 405-416-7045
Email: [email protected]
Law-related Education
The Law-related Education (LRE) Department of the Oklahoma Bar Association was
established in 1989 to further the OBA’s goals
of increasing public service and enhancing
public understanding of the law and the legal
system. To that end, LRE, now in its 25th year,
endeavors to educate citizens in a constitutional democracy and to create an active,
responsible citizenry.
LRE conducts programs independently and
in partnership with nonprofits, civic organizations and educational groups. Programs
include professional development for teachers
and others in the civic community via institutions and workshops. Classroom materials are
created and distributed for programs administered by LRE at no cost to educators.
LRE aims to join the education and law communities in its mission of fostering civic-mindedness. Understanding of law’s role in society is
essential for democracies. We are now training
teachers to engage students in active, participaVol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
LRE — Coordinator Jane McConnell and
Debra Jenkins
Management Assistance Program
The OBA Management Assistance Program
focuses on helping Oklahoma lawyers run
their law offices. From “basic training” for the
new lawyer to providing management and
technology advice for the seasoned professional, the department has a wide array of
information to assist every lawyer in every
practice setting.
o Free Telephone Hotline — The OBA-MAP
staff attempts to answer brief questions
about management and technology issues.
Our number is 405-416-7008. The toll-free
number is 800-522-8065. Advice provided is
o OBA Solo and Small Firm Conference —
Attend great CLE programs with nationally
recognized experts, network with other small
firm lawyers from across the state and meet
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
o Free consultations at the bar center — Any
lawyer who is setting up a new practice or
has encountered a difficult issue that cannot
be comfortably handled over the telephone is
welcome to schedule a free 45-minute
appointment with the OBA-MAP director.
o Opening Your Law Practice — This
MAP — Director Jim Calloway
with small-firm friendly vendors. Join us for
the Solo and Small Firm Conference June
19-21, 2014, at the Hard Rock Hotel and
Casino in Tulsa.
innovative program consists of a one-day
seminar, scheduled in Oklahoma City twice a
year (spring and fall) and in Tulsa in the fall,
to assist attorneys setting up new solo
practices. A companion project is the
“Starting a Law Practice Web Directory”
which is available to any attorney at
o OBA-MAP Lending Library — Attorneys can
borrow books on law practice management
and technology from the OBA-MAP Lending
o Discounts on practice management books
(and other ABA titles) – If you prefer to own
a book rather than borrow it, your OBA
membership entitles you to 15 percent off the
list price of any of the ABA’s more than 300
titles. Simply enter PAB9EOKB in the
Discount Code Number field when placing
your order on the ABA website.
o OBA-NET — This is an online community
for the legal profession. Oklahoma lawyers
post questions and brainstorm with other
lawyers online. There are many files and
forms available that have been uploaded by
other OBA members.
o Jim Calloway’s Law Practice Tips Blog – This
blog has just recently been updated with a
launch date in early 2014! Regular postings
of Internet tips, law practice tips and hot
news in law office management and
technology are available by visiting the blog
website, subscribing to the email alerts or
subscribing to the RSS news feed. Visit the
blog at http://jimcalloway.typepad.com
o Office “Health Checks” — These
consultations take place in the lawyer’s
office on a fee for services basis. A wide
range of management issues can be covered.
Typically all staff and attorneys will be
involved both in group and individual
MAP Administrative Assistant
Nickie Day, who also assists Ethics
Counsel Travis Pickens
o Oklahoma Bar Journal articles — Each theme
issue of the Oklahoma Bar Journal contains the
regular column “Law Practice Tips” by OBAMAP Director Jim Calloway.
o Local Bar Presentations — The OBA-MAP
director is available to speak at your county
bar meetings or other organized lawyer
groups at no charge.
Phone: 405-416-7008
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
Don’t Know
Whom to Contact?
If you need more information about
which employee in a department to contact, check out the staff list at www.
okbar.org/members/OBAstaff. You will
find a list of OBA staff members, a summary of their responsibilities and their
email address.
– Jan Thompson, Director Beverly Petry Lewis and
Johnny Floyd
Mandatory Continuing
Legal Education
The OBA Mandatory Continuing Legal Education Department is the regulatory office
concerned with the accreditation of all continuing legal education programs and the
compliance by all Oklahoma bar members
with the MCLE requirement. Often confused
with the CLE Department, the MCLE Department does not present CLE seminars.
Mandatory Continuing Legal Education, a
program adopted by the Oklahoma Supreme
Court in 1986, establishes minimum requirements for continuing legal education for Oklahoma attorneys. The program is administered
by the OBA Mandatory Continuing Legal
Education Commission, which consists of nine
members, that has general supervisory
authority over the rules and may adopt regulations consistent with the rules.
Member services include:
o review of seminars for accreditation
o accreditation of teaching activities
o responding to requests for clarification of the
Rules of the Oklahoma Supreme Court for
Mandatory Continuing Legal Education
o processing the annual reports of compliance
o helping members receive all the credit to
which they are entitled
o keeping a record of the Oklahoma approved
seminars attended by members
Phone: 405-416-7009
Email: [email protected]
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
Meet Your
Bar Association
Member Perks: Take Advantage
nhance your practice, save money and get the most out of
your OBA membership. OBA member perks include discounted services and programs, and some free stuff too.
E-News — Current OBA news and information to assist in your law practice that is sent
once a month to members with an email address
as part of their official roster information.
Fastcase — The OBA offers online legal
research software as a free benefit to all OBA
members. The OBA has contracted with Fastcase to provide national coverage, unlimited
usage, unlimited customer service, and unlimited free printing at no cost to bar members as
a part of their existing bar membership. Mobile
Sync makes the Fastcase Legal Research member benefit even more powerful. It gives you
the option to link your Fastcase for the iPhone
or iPad app with your desktop account. Mobile
Sync automatically syncs your activity history
and saved favorites on any of the Fastcase
applications, so no work is ever lost. When you
log in through www.okbar.org, you will see the
favorites saved on your iPhone or iPad. To use
Fastcase, sign in with your MyOKBar username (OBA number) and password on the
OBA website.
www.okbar.org — Main website of the OBA
with links to all other OBA web presences.
Information is primarily geared for members,
but contains a great deal of information for the
MyOKBar — Password-protected portion of
the OBA’s website. Easy to do everything from
changing your official address, enrolling in a
CLE course, checking your MCLE credits, paying your annual dues, joining a section to listing your practice areas on the Internet so
potential clients can find you. You can also
receive electronic communications from the
bar by adding your email address to the roster.
Plus, a new feature allows you to print a temporary bar card and print receipts from previous dues and CLE payments.
OBA-NET — OBA-NET is a message board
and file sharing service that allows members
to help each other through online participation. You must register for OBA-NET, and
your password will be different from www.
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
Online CLE — Quality audio, live seminar
and encore webcasts for unlimited MCLE credit as well as on-demand programs to watch at
your convenience (limited to 6 hours MCLE
Oklahoma Find A Lawyer — The OBA’s
official lawyer listing service is free. It is also a
useful tool for OBA members to identify other
attorneys practice area of expertise.
Online research links — A one-page resource
to quickly find the Oklahoma Supreme Court
website, look up Oklahoma cases and statutes
online. Can be used to find the online site of
the Court of Criminal Appeals or any of Oklahoma’s district courts, locate a state or federal
agency, locate a federal court site, find a municipal ordinance, rules from local or federal
courts or the current judicial pictorial directory.
As a bonus there are many other links to assist
in your legal and factual research.
Prepared speeches for community/civic
groups — Speeches, outlines and handouts
prepared by the OBA’s Bench and Bar Committee on selected topics for presentation to public
groups can be found online.
Oklahoma Bar Journal — 34 issues of the
Oklahoma Bar Journal are published annually,
contains articles, court opinions, substantive
law, state bar news, professional changes, member news (moves, kudos, additions to firms,
etc.), master calendar of judicial and bar events,
free to active members, $60 annual subscription,
discounted rate for senior members and Oklahoma law students. Specially printed binders to
keep bar journals organized on a shelf are available at $15.95 each by contacting the Communications Department.
Continuing Legal Education materials —
Seminar materials and form books are available for purchase, an affordable way to get
quality, state-specific practice aids. Prices start
at approximately $40. A complete list of topics
is available online, or come by the CLE Dept. at
the Oklahoma Bar Center Monday – Friday,
8:30 a.m. – 5 p.m., and review the books available. CLE materials are also available in an
electronic format, by chapter.
Consumer information brochures — Pamphlets on 15 topics covering commonly asked
questions to give to clients, are sold to OBA
members at a minimal cost of $16 for 100. Brochure topics are: wills, probate, joint tenancy,
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
home buying, tenant rights and duties, landlord rights, divorce, small claims court, employee rights, bankruptcy, trial juror information,
lawyers & legal fees, living wills (brochure and
form), criminal law and resolving conflicts and
disputes. As a community service, the OBA
distributes the brochures free to courthouses
and libraries throughout the state. There’s an
order form online.
Young Lawyers Division — The YLD is a
professional service network offering the
chance to participate in community and barrelated programs. Lawyers of any age who
have been in practice less than 10 years are
automatically members. No dues are required.
There are many YLD programs to become
involved in and connect with members on
Facebook at www.facebook.com/obayld.
Continuing Legal Education seminars —
The OBA creates and coordinates live seminars,
webcasts and videotaped programs. The OBA
also offers materials on a full spectrum of legal
topics. OBA members can come to the bar center anytime during regular business hours to
watch a seminar video of your choice and earn
CLE, but please call in advance to schedule.
Call Renee Montgomery at 405-416-7029.
Practice management/ technology hotline
service — OBA members may inquire via
email or by phone to the Management Assistance Program (MAP) staff and the OBA director
of technology for brief answers about practical
management and technology issues, such as law
office software, understanding computer jargon,
staff and personnel problems, software training
opportunities, time management and trust
account management. Call 405-416-7008.
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
education programs on the topics of ethics and
professionalism. Call 405-416-7055.
Office “health checks” — In-depth personal
or group consultations that take place in the
lawyer’s office, consultations may focus on
technology, office procedures or other areas
agreed upon by attorney and MAP director.
The fee is $500 per day for small law firms (five
attorneys or less) or $750 per day for medium
or larger firms (more than five attorneys). Call
405-416-7008 to schedule.
Book purchasing program — OBA members
can receive a discount on American Bar Association books through the OBA Management
Assistance Program. Contact us for details at
Lending library — Law practice management books, video and audio tapes available
for lawyers to check out and review. While
there is no fee for checking out materials to
take home, there is a $5 charge to mail the
materials to you. The complete list of materials
is online.
Ethics Counsel — Assists members with
ethical questions and inquiries on subjects such
as conflicts, confidentiality and client concerns.
The ethics counsel also presents continuing
Crisis Counseling Services — Need help
with stress, depression or addiction? Call the
Lawyers Helping Lawyers Assistance Program
toll-free at 800-364-7886. It’s strictly confidential and available 24 hours a day. The OBA
offers all bar members up to six hours of free
crisis counseling. Plus, members can take
advantage of free lawyer discussion groups
that meet monthly in Tulsa and Oklahoma
City. Details about the groups that have a different topic every month are online.
OBA sections — 24 substantive law sections
that offer professional development and interaction. Experience professional growth by
learning from colleagues in your practice area
and develop new contacts. Benefits vary by
section with a growing number of sections
holding midyear or quarterly meetings that
offer free or discount CLE to section members,
some sections publish member newsletters.
You’ll find a list of sections, their annual dues
and membership registration form online.
County bar association and civic group
speakers — OBA officers, Board of Governors
members and staff members are available (for
the price of a meal) to speak at luncheons and
banquets on a wide variety of topics including
legislative issues, ethics, law office management and law practice tips.
Leadership opportunities — Boards, committees, sections and commissions are some of
the volunteer opportunities that offer career
development and ways to interact with other
attorneys and judges. Members may volunteer to serve on a committee at any time during the year.
Annual Meeting — Participate in CLE programs, section and committee meetings, have a
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
voice in determining the OBA’s legislative program and electing future state bar leaders, take
advantage of networking opportunities with
attorneys and judges from throughout the
state. The 2014 Annual Meeting will be Nov.
13-14 at the Hyatt Regency in Tulsa.
Solo & Small Firm Conference/YLD Midyear Meeting — Lawyers have the opportunity
to get to know one another and to take advantage of a CLE seminar in a relaxed family setting. Mark your calendar for June 19-21, 2014,
at the Hard Rock Hotel & Casino in Tulsa.
Direct dial and 24-hour messaging to OBA
staff members — Bypass waiting for the OBA
receptionist to answer your call by dialing a
staff person or department directly, a list of
phone numbers is published in the Oklahoma
Bar Journal next to the events calendar, leave a
voice message anytime (nights and weekends
too). After-hour calls to the general phone
numbers 405-416-7000 or 800-522-8065 are
automated and will list department extension
numbers to punch in if you don’t know the
direct phone number.
ABA Retirement Funds — The ABA Retirement Funds program is designed to provide
unique, full service 401(k) plans to the legal
community, and ABA membership is not
required. It was created over 45 years ago by
the American Bar Association. By leveraging
the size of the ABA Retirement Funds Program
which brings together nearly 4,000 firms, the
program offers a fund lineup and services traditionally only available to the largest corporate
plans. These services are offered at no out-ofpocket expense to law firms of all sizes with
institutionally priced funds for their participants. Contact a program representative at 800826-8901 for a program prospectus or visit www.
abaretirement.com for more information.
Video conferencing — Available at OSU
Tulsa in downtown Tulsa so that committee
and section members can join in on meetings
without traveling to Oklahoma City.
Legislative services — The OBA’s executive
director works for adoption of legislative issues
approved by the House of Delegates, and the
Legislative Monitoring Committee provides a
periodic legislative report highlighting the status of selected bills during the session. The
report is published in the Oklahoma Bar Journal
and on the website while the Legislature is in
Meeting rooms at Bar Center — Many size
rooms to choose from to accommodate small
and large group meetings, client conferences
and depositions. Free to members during weekday business hours, nominal fee for evenings.
Toll-free phone number — In-state OBA
members who live outside the Oklahoma City
metro calling area can place free calls to the
Oklahoma Bar Center by dialing 800-522-8065,
which connects you to our receptionist (a real,
live person — not a machine) to direct your call
to the proper person or department.
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
OBA-sponsored insurance programs —
Keep rates low through group buying power.
For information about OBA programs for life,
health (employer-group and individual), individual disability, personal umbrella liability,
long-term care and other insurance plans, contact Beale Professional Services 405-521-1600,
800-530-4863. For professional liability, Oklahoma Attorneys Mutual Insurance Co. is the
only insurer owned by OBA members, OAMIC
can be reached at 405-471-5380 or 800-318-7505.
They also offer a broad range of court bonds
with more information at www.oklahoma.
Oklahoma Legal Directory — Official directory of OBA members with addresses and
phone numbers, roster alphabetical and by
county, includes guide to county, state and federal offices plus departments of the U.S. and
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
Oklahoma government, complete digest of
courts, professional associations including
OBA officers, committees and sections. Published by Legal Directories Publishing Co. in
both hard bound and electronic editions; $60 +
shipping and sales tax. Call 800-447-5375 ext. 2
to request order form or visit their www.legaldirectories.com.
Tulsa, accommodations, transfers, breakfast
buffet and other amenities. See highlights of
the current trip offerings at www.GoNext.com.
Call Go Next toll-free at 800-842-9023 for more
information and/or reservations.
Title Examination Standards — Contains all
the presently effective Oklahoma Title Examination Standards and reflects all revisions,
produced by the OBA Real Property Law Section, $5 per copy, free to section members. To
be mailed a copy, email Wanda Reece ([email protected]) for the exact shipping cost.
Avis Car Rental — The Oklahoma Bar Association can offer you the use of its Avis car
rental discount rates if you use the reference
code A674000. Contact Avis toll-free at 800-8318000 or www.avis.com.
Colcord Hotel — A boutique hotel near Bricktown in downtown Oklahoma City, the Colcord
Hotel offers OBA members a discounted rate of
$149 per night for a deluxe king or deluxe double room $179 per night for a superior corner
king and $279 per night for the Colcord Suite.
Call the hotel at 866-781-3800 to make your reservation and mention that you are an OBA member for the special discount or make your reservation online at www.colcordhotel.com utilizing
the corporate rate; access code is OKBR.
IT & Cloud Services — Dobson Technologies
offers an extensive portfolio of professional IT
services, including cloud backup & recovery,
hosting, disaster recovery and managed services, all of which cater specifically to business and
enterprise needs. Customers enjoy solutions that
make their lives simpler by ensuring their business operates more securely and efficiently. Dobson’s certified personnel, privately owned and
geographically separate data centers, industry
ranking services and partnerships with top technology leaders allow them to help Oklahoma
businesses improve business continuity, reduce
costs and minimize risks. Call 405-242-1000 or
toll free 888-356-2707 or visit them at www.dobsontechnologies.com/memberbenefit. Special
member pricing for all of their services.
LawPay — The OBA endorses the LawPay
credit card processing services programs
designed for attorneys. Funds from each client
credit card transaction may be either deposited
into client trust or operating account as the lawyer designates. All transaction fees are deducted
from the law firm operating account to simplify
the trust account record-keeping. Credit cards
attract clients, win business, improve cash flow
and reduce collections. To learn more call 866376-0950 or visit www.lawpay.com/oba.
Hertz Car Rental — The OBA’s discount number for Hertz car rental is CDP 0164851. Hertz
toll-free is 800-654-3131 or www.hertz.com.
International Travel — Go Next has been in
business for 39 years. They provide high quality, recreational travel to destinations around
the globe. Group rates on trips are available to
you, your family and your friends. All trips
include airfare from either Oklahoma City or
LawWare — Bar members may subscribe to
the document assembly, document management and client management software program at a discounted group rate. Created by
Oklahoma attorneys in 1991, LawWare streamlines the process of organizing and generating
legal forms and related documents for law
offices of any size. With the OBA endorsement,
members may subscribe to LawWare at a discounted rate of $49 per month for the first copy
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
and $10 per month for each additional office
copy. To inquire about LawWare or to order a
subscription, call 866-LAW-WARE or visit
Mobile Dictation Service — Mobile Assistant is designed to document your critical client meeting information through on-the-go
transcription over the phone. It’s an easy, fast,
secure and accurate way of documenting client
interaction, drafting letters and capturing
important meeting details. OBA members are
eligible for a 25 percent discount by using the
coupon code OKBAR. OBA member cost is
$54.37 a month for up to 500 lines (line equals 65
characters including spaces). Exceed that limit
and pay 12 cents per line above 500 lines. Using
Mobile Assistant is easy: 1) call the service from
any phone, 2) dictate your notes (no time limit)
and 3) your notes are emailed to you the same
day after being transcribed by a real, live person
located within the U.S. Instead of email, notes
can also be made available through secure download. Mobile Assistant promises privacy, confidentiality and complete security. If your phone
number is registered with them, the service recognizes the number and lets you start dictating
immediately without you having to remember
your log-in information. The service offers a free
trial. Sign up at www.mobileassistant.us.
Ruby Receptionists Virtual Reception Service — Looking for a full-time receptionist for
your law practice but worried about the
expense? Ruby Receptionists may be the
answer. Ruby Receptionists is a virtual reception service based in Portland, Ore. You can use
their services full-time, or you can get temporary help a few hours a day when you want to
close for lunch or need someone to fill in when
someone is out sick. It’s a great solution for
solo and small firms; the service will screen,
announce and transfer calls, take messages,
place outgoing calls and more. To learn more,
contact Ashley Fisher at 866-611-7829 or visit
www.callruby.com/okbar. Mention your OBA
membership and receive a free 14-day trial,
free activation and special pricing on your
monthly plan.
Shipping – OBA members
can use the UPS® Savings Program. Make the most out of
your membership and take
of some of
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
rates available on shipping services with UPS.
Whether you need your documents or packages to arrive the next day or are looking for
the most affordable shipping option, UPS
understands the importance of reliability, speed
and cost. See how UPS discounts can help your
bottom line:
•Up to 34 percent on UPS Air letters including
UPS Next Day Air®*
•Up to 30 percent on UPS Air packages (1
•Up to 32 percent on UPS International imports
and exports
•Up to 16 percent on UPS Ground shipments
•Savings begin at 70 percent on UPS Freight®
shipments over 150 lbs.
You can receive these discounts even if you
already have a UPS account. Plus, the more you
ship, the more you can save with UPS. To enroll
and start saving, visit savewithups.com/oba.
*Discounts exclude UPS Express Critical® and
UPS Next Day Air® Early A.M.®
Thomson Reuters Westlaw Discounts —
Thomson Reuters offers OBA members a variety of discounts on its products and services.
For information on other offers available call
WordPerfect Licensing Program — OBA
members can purchase licenses of Corel and
WordPerfect products such as Perfect Authority, PDF Fusion, WordPerfect Office X6,
WinDVD and WinZip 16 Pro at substantially reduced prices. To place an order, go to
WordRake — Is your
writing too “wordy” or reliant on “legalese?” WordRake may be the solution
for you. Developed for lawyers, the software
provides editing suggestions for clarity and
brevity. WordRake instantly edits documents
right in Microsoft Word, suggesting changes
that eliminate unnecessary words and phrases.
OBA members receive a 10 percent discount on
the product. Download a free three-day trial to
check it out. The MS Word add-in is easy to
install, and annual licensing plans offer
increased saving based on subscription duration. When you purchase, enter coupon code
OKBAR on the final purchase page to receive
the special OBA member discount.
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
Meet Your
Bar Association
A Few Things You Can Do at
Choose from a variety of archived programs,
live webcasts and CLE presentations at the bar
If you find yourself depressed or addicted,
visit the LHL site to learn about free counseling, getting involved and other helpful ways to
put you on your road to recovery.
Access archived
issues back to 2005,
find ad rates, get
information on submitting an article,
check publication
dates and more.
All members of the OBA in good standing
who were first admitted to the practice of law
10 years ago or less are automatically YLD
members. Get involved in community service
projects, put together bar exam survival packs
and enjoy many of the other fun activities
planned for 2014.
People from across Oklahoma visit this site in
search of attorneys. Get your name on the list
for free by signing into your MyOkbar account
and clicking on “Find a Lawyer.”
Sign up to offer one-on-one legal advice and
assistance to those who have honorably served
this nation who otherwise cannot afford or do
not have access to the legal services they need.
Lawyers of all areas are needed, but the
demand for family law attorneys is critical.
Change your address, enroll in CLE, check
MCLE credits and list practice areas so potential clients can find you. Your PIN number can
be found on your paper dues statement.
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
Meet Your
Bar Association
OBA Sections
ant a way to network with other attorneys in your practice
area from across the state? The OBA supports 24 substantive law sections that offer professional development and
interaction. Experience professional growth by learning from colleagues in your practice area and develop new contacts. Benefits
vary by section with a growing number of sections holding midyear or quarterly meetings that offer free or discount CLE to section
members, some sections publish member newsletters. The following is a list of those who are leading the sections in 2014.
Alternative Dispute Resolution Section
Jeffrey Love, Chairperson
Cheek & Falcone PLLC
6301 Waterford Boulevard, Suite 320
Oklahoma City, OK 73118
[email protected]
Ken Morgan Stoner, Vice Chairperson
1233 E. 33rd Street
Edmond, OK 73013
[email protected]
Appellate Practice Section
David Tracy, Secretary-Treasurer
320 S. Boston Avenue, Suite 1130
Tulsa, OK 74103-4700
[email protected]
Larry Yadon, Editor of ADR Connections
Southwestern Power Admininistration
1 W. 3rd Street, Suite 1667
Tulsa, OK 74103-3519
[email protected]
Michael F. Smith, Chairperson
McAfee & Taft
1717 S. Boulder, Suite 900
Tulsa, OK 74119
[email protected]
Susan Huntsman, Chairperson-Elect
500 Kennedy Building
321 S. Boston Avenue
Tulsa, OK 74103
[email protected]
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
Business and Corporate Law Section
Mark T. Koss, Treasurer
P.O. Box 720804
Oklahoma City, OK 73172-0804
[email protected]
Jeanette Timmons, Chairperson
1700 One Leadership Square
211 N. Robinson
Oklahoma City, OK 73102-7101
[email protected]
Alison A. Verret, Secretary
1717 S. Boulder, Suite 900
Tulsa, OK 74119
[email protected]
Collin R. Walke, Immediate Past Chairperson
210 Park Avenue, Suite 3030
Oklahoma City, OK 73102
[email protected]
H. Wayne Cooper, Chairperson-Elect
Doerner, Saunders, Daniel & Anderson LLP
Williams Center Tower II
Two West Second Street, Suite 700
Tulsa, OK 74103
[email protected]
Criminal Law Section
Kathryn A. LaFortune, Chairperson
Office of Congressman Jim Bridenstine
2448 E. 81st Street, Suite 5150
Tulsa, OK 74137
[email protected]
Russell S. Cochran, Chairperson-Elect
7301 Deerberry Lane
Oklahoma City, OK 73150
[email protected]
Bankruptcy and Reorganization
Virginia D. Sanders, Secretary
OIDS-General Appeals Division
P.O. Box 926
Norman, OK 73070
[email protected]
Timothy D. Kline, Chairperson
Phillips Murrah PC
Corporate Tower 13th Floor
101 N. Robinson Avenue
Oklahoma City, OK 73102
[email protected]
Judge Sarah Hall, Chairperson-Elect
U.S. Bankruptcy Judge, Western District
215 Dean A. McGee, 9th Floor
Oklahoma City, OK 73102
[email protected]
John B. Jarboe, Co-Treasurer
Jarboe & Stoermer
401 S. Boston, Suite 1810
Tulsa, OK 74103-4018
[email protected]
Therese Buthod, Co-Treasurer
P.O. Box 1347
Okmulgee, OK 74447-1347
[email protected]
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
Megan Morgan Tilly, Treasurer
1811 N.W. 19th Street
Oklahoma City, OK 73106
[email protected]
Charles S. Rogers, Immediate
Past Chairperson
2828 N.W. 159th Street
Oklahoma City, OK 73013
[email protected]
Cindy Danner, Active Past Chairperson
P.O. Box 926
Norman, OK 73070-0926
[email protected]
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
Trent H. Baggett, Active Past Chairperson
511 Chautauqua
Norman, OK 73069
[email protected]
Mike Wilds, Active Past Chairperson & Q & A
Editors Board
3100 E. New Orleans Street
Broken Arrow, OK 74014
[email protected]
Doug Drummond, Q & A Editors Board
Tulsa County District Attorney’s Office
500 S. Denver Avenue
Tulsa, OK 74105
[email protected]
L. Mark Walker, Budget Director
Crowe & Dunlevy
20 North Broadway, Suite 1800
Oklahoma City, OK 73102
[email protected]
Lisa Silvestri, Immediate Past Chairperson
1100 Oneok Plaza
100 W. 5th Street
Tulsa, OK 74103-4217
[email protected]
Ben Brown, CLE Events
5905 N. Classen Court
Oklahoma City, OK 73118
[email protected]
Virginia D. Sanders, CLE Events
OIDS-General Appeals Division
P.O. Box 926
Norman, OK 73070
[email protected]
Energy and Natural Resources
Law Section
Brad Gungoll, Chairperson
Gungoll, Jackson
101 Park Avenue, Suite 1400
Oklahoma City, OK 73102
[email protected]
Eric Huddleston, Chairperson-Elect
Elias, Books, Brown & Nelson
Two Leadership Square
211 N. Robinson Avenue, Suite 1300
Oklahoma City, OK 73102
[email protected]
Heather L. Cupp, Secretary/Treasurer
Hall, Estill, Hardwick, Gable, Golden
& Nelson PC
320 S. Boston Avenue, Suite 200
Tulsa, OK 74103
[email protected]
Environmental Law Section
Laura J. Finley, Chairperson
707 N. Robinson
Oklahoma City, OK 73101
[email protected]
Betsey Streuli, Chairperson-Elect
P.O. Box 1677
Oklahoma City, OK 73101
[email protected]
Matthew A. Caves, Secretary
100 N. Broadway Avenue, Suite 3300
Oklahoma City, OK 73102
[email protected]
Scott A. Butcher, Treasurer
20 N. Broadway, Suite 1800
Oklahoma City, OK 73102
[email protected]
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
Jeri R. Fleming, Immediate Past Chairperson
5508 E. 32nd Avenue
Stillwater, OK 74074
[email protected]
Estate Planning, Probate and
Trust Section
Emily E. Crain, Co-Legislative Liaison
The Allison Firm PLLC
P.O. Box 700116
Tulsa, OK 74170
[email protected]
Kara Greuel, Web-Based Application
Greuel Law Firm PLLC
5100 E. Skelly Drive, Suite 1040
Tulsa, OK 74135
[email protected]
Keith Peters, Chairperson
McAfee & Taft PC
Two Leadership Square
211 N. Robinson, 10th Floor
Oklahoma City, OK 73102
[email protected]
Kara Greuel, Immediate Past Chairperson
Greuel Law Firm PLLC
5100 E. Skelly Drive, Suite 1040
Tulsa, OK 74135
[email protected]
Donna J. Jackson, Chairperson-Elect
10400 N. Vineyard Boulevard, Suite A
Oklahoma City, OK 73120
[email protected]
Family Law Section
Dawn D. Hallman, Secretary
Hallman & Associates PC
2230 McKown Drive
Norman, OK 73072
[email protected]
M. Shane Henry, Chairperson
906 S. Cheyenne
Tulsa, OK 74119
[email protected]
Michelle K. Smith, Chairperson-Elect
8100 S. Pennsylvania, Suite C
Oklahoma City, OK 73159
[email protected]
Donelle Ratheal, Immediate Past Chairperson
4045 N.W. 64th Street, Suite 210
Oklahoma City, OK 73116
[email protected]
Gary J. Dean, Past Chairperson Emeritus
208 S. Vann Street
Pryor, OK 74361-5216
[email protected]
Brian L. Hill, Treasurer
Heritage Trust Company
P.O. Box 21708
Oklahoma City, OK 73156
[email protected]
Samantha Weyrauch Davis, Co-Legislative
Hall, Estill, Hardwick, Gable, Golden
& Nelson PC
320 S. Boston Avenue, Suite 200
Tulsa, OK 74103-3706
[email protected]
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
Doug Loudenback, Past Chairperson Emeritus
525 N.W. 19th Street
Oklahoma City, OK 73103
[email protected]
Michelle K. Smith, CLE Chairperson
8100 S. Pennsylvania, Suite C
Oklahoma City, OK 73159
[email protected]
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
Allyson Dow, CLE Co-Chairperson-Elect
9925 S. Pennsylvania Avenue
Oklahoma City, OK 73159
[email protected]
T. Luke Barteaux, CLE Co-Chairperson-Elect
906 S. Cheyenne
Tulsa, OK 74119
[email protected]
Monica A. Dionisio, Secretary
16311 Sonoma Park Drive
Edmond, OK 73013
[email protected]
Jon Ford, Practice Manual Co-Chairperson
One Grand Center
201 N. Grand, Suite 400
Enid, OK 73701-4341
[email protected]
Keith Jones, Practice Manual Co-Chairperson
5801 E. 41st Street, Suite 300
Tulsa, OK 74135-5628
[email protected]
Phil Tucker, Practice Manual Co-Chairperson
P.O. Box 601
Edmond, OK 73083-0601
[email protected]
Kim Hays, Budget Chairperson
248 W. 16th Street
Tulsa, OK 74119
[email protected]
Brad Cunningham, Membership Chairperson
320 S. Boston, Suite 725
Tulsa, OK 74103
[email protected]
David Tracy, Awards & Nominations
320 S. Boston Avenue, Suite 1130
Tulsa, OK 74103-4700
[email protected]
McLaine DeWitt-Herndon, Awards
& Nominations
320 S. Boston Avenue, Suite 1026
Tulsa, OK 74103
[email protected]
William G. LaSorsa, Bylaws
15 E. 5th Street, Suite 3800
Tulsa, OK 74103-4309
[email protected]
Noel Tucker, Policies & Procedures Manual
P.O. Box 601
Edmond, OK 73083-0601
[email protected]
Rees Evans, Historian
501 N.W. 13th Street
Oklahoma City, OK 73103-2203
[email protected]
Phillip J. Tucker, Legislative Co-Chairperson
P.O. Box 601
Edmond, OK 73083-0601
[email protected]
Noel Tucker, Legislative Co-Chairperson
P.O. Box 601
Edmond, OK 73083-0601
[email protected]
Kim Hays, Policies & Procedures Manual
248 W. 16th Street
Tulsa, OK 74119
[email protected]
Phil Tucker, Trial Advocacy Institute
P.O. Box 601
Edmond, OK 73083-0601
[email protected]
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
M. Shane Henry, Section Leaders Council
906 S. Cheyenne
Tulsa, OK 74119
[email protected]
Judge Mark Barcus, Judicial Liaisons
P.O. Box 2901
Tulsa, OK 74101
mark.b[email protected]
J. Mark Lovelace, Treasurer and Immediate
Past Chairperson
Phillips Murrah PC
Corporate Tower, 13th Floor
101 N. Robinson Avenue
Oklahoma City, OK 73102
[email protected]
Robert T. Luttrell III, Program Liaison and
Legislative Review Committee Chairperson
McAfee & Taft
211 N. Robinson Avenue, 10th Floor
Oklahoma City, OK 73102-7103
[email protected]
Judge Barry Hafar, Judicial Liaisons
321 Park Avenue, Room 113
Oklahoma City, OK 73102
[email protected]
Noel Tucker, ABA Liaisons
P.O. Box 601
Edmond, OK 73083-0601
[email protected]
M. Shane Henry, ABA Liaisons
906 S. Cheyenne
Tulsa, OK 74119
[email protected]
General Practice-Solo and
Small Firm Section
Amy Wilson Page, Suites Chairperson
3840 S. 103rd East Avenue, Suite 109
Tulsa, OK 74146
[email protected]
Allyson Dow, Social Committee Chairperson
9925 S. Pennsylvania Avenue
Oklahoma City, OK 73159
[email protected]
Keren Williams McLendon, Chairperson
5808 N. Billen Avenue
Oklahoma City, OK 73112-7352
[email protected]
Financial Institutions and Commercial
Law Section
Jeffrey B. Taylor, Chairperson-Elect
2525 N.W. Expressway, No. 620
Oklahoma City, OK 73112
[email protected]
Eric L. Johnson, Chairperson
Hudson Cook LLP
8524 S. Western, Suite 114
Oklahoma City, OK 73139
[email protected]
Gregory S. Wilson, Vice Chairperson
Wilson Law Firm PLLC
502 N. Broadway
Shawnee, OK 74801
[email protected]
Jesse Sumner Jr., Vice Chairperson
P.O. Box 1051
Tulsa, OK 74101-1051
[email protected]
Sonja R. Porter, Secretary
620 N. Robinson Avenue, Suite 203
Oklahoma City, OK 73102
[email protected]
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
Remona Kay Colson, Treasurer
511 ½ S. Cherokee Avenue
Bartlesville, OK 74003-3626
[email protected]
Karen S. Rieger, Vice Chairperson
20 N. Broadway, Suite 1800
Oklahoma City, OK 73102
[email protected]
Government and Administrative Law
Practice Section
Mary Holloway Richard, Secretary
Legal Counsel, INTEGRIS Health
3030 N.W. Expressway, Suite 1700
Oklahoma City, OK 73112
[email protected]
Scott D. Boughton, Chairperson
3545 N.W. 58th Street, Suite 1000
Oklahoma City, OK 73112-4712
[email protected]
Aletheia F. Lawry, Budget Officer
Integris Health
3030 N.W. Expressway, Suite 1700
Oklahoma City, OK 73112
[email protected]
John E. Miley, Chairperson-Elect
2900 N. Robinson Avenue
Oklahoma City, OK 73103-4123
[email protected]
Tamar Scott, Secretary
Oklahoma Department of Transportation
200 N.E. 21st Street
Oklahoma City, OK 73105
[email protected]
Deborah Ann Reed, Treasurer
Greuel Law Firm
5100 E. Skelly Drive, Suite 1040
Tulsa, OK 74135
[email protected]
Indian Law Section
Susan M. Arkeketa, Chairperson
P.O. Box 580
Okmulgee, OK 74447
[email protected]
Trisha Linn Archer, Chairperson-Elect
9242 S. Sheridan Road, Suite K
Tulsa, OK 74133
[email protected]
Deborah Ann Reed, Secretary
Greuel Law Firm
5100 E. Skelly Drive, Suite 1040
Tulsa, OK 74135
[email protected]
Budget Officer - TBD
Brandy L. Shores, Immediate Past
10441 S. Regal Boulevard, Suite 200
Tulsa, OK 74133
[email protected]
Health Law Section
Insurance Law
Elizabeth D. Tyrrell, Chairperson
Two Leadership Square, 10th Floor
211 N. Robinson Avenue
Oklahoma City, OK 73102
[email protected]
Jon Starr, Chairperson
McGivern & Gilliard
P.O. Box 2619
Tulsa, OK 74101-2619
[email protected]
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
Ryan C. Harper, Vice Chairperson
First Place
15 East 5th Street, Suite 3900
Tulsa, OK 74103
[email protected]
J. M. Scott Ryan, Treasurer
Taylor, Ryan, Schmidt & Van Dalsem PC
850 Boulder Towers
1437 S. Boulder Avenue
Tulsa, OK 74119
[email protected]
Jeffrey A. Curran, Secretary
One Leadership Square, Suite N1500
211 North Robinson Avenue
Oklahoma City, OK 73102-7101
[email protected]
Michael H. Smith, District 2 Director
Hall, Estill, Hardwick, Gable, Golden
& Nelson PC
100 N. Broadway, Suite 2900
Oklahoma City, OK 73102-8865
[email protected]
Scott R. Zingerman, Director-at-Large/
Immediate Past President
Fellers, Snider, Blankenship, Bailey
& Tippens PC
321 S. Boston, Suite 800
Tulsa, OK 74103-3318
[email protected]
Matthew B. Wade, OBA Liaison
Ailles & Associates
One Benham Place
9400 N. Broadway Extension, Suite 500
Oklahoma City, OK 73114
[email protected]
Intellectual Property Law Section
Juvenile Law Section
Barbara Krebs Yuill, President
Dunlap & Codding PC
609 W. Sheridan Avenue
Oklahoma City, OK 73102
[email protected]
Tsinena Bruno-Thompson, Chairperson
4901 Richmond Square, Suite 101
Oklahoma City, OK 73118
[email protected]
David M. Sullivan, Vice President
Crowe & Dunlevy
20 N. Broadway Avenue, Suite 1800
Oklahoma City, OK 73102
[email protected]
Ben C. Brown, Chairperson-Elect
5905 N. Classen Court
Oklahoma City, OK 73118
[email protected]
Derrick Wade Harvey, Secretary/Treasurer
100 W. Main Street, Suite 300
Ardmore, OK 73401
[email protected]
Paul E. Rossler, District 1 Director
1100 OneOk Plaza, 10th Floor
100 W. 5th Street
Tulsa, OK 74103-4217
[email protected]
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
William McKinney, Treasurer
5905 N. Classen Court
Oklahoma City, OK 73118
[email protected]
Valerie Baker, Secretary
7905 E. Highway 66
Canadian County District Attorney
El Reno, OK 73036
[email protected]
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
Cheryl A. Clayton, Chairperson-Elect
110 S. Main
P.O. Box 88
Noble, OK 73068
[email protected]
Labor and Employment Law Section
Amber L. Hurst, Chairperson
Hammons, Gowens, Hurst & Assoc.
325 Dean A. McGee Avenue
Oklahoma City, OK 73102
[email protected]
Nicole M. Longwell, Vice-Chairperson
One Williams Center, MB2800
Tulsa, OK 74103
[email protected]
Jody R. Nathan, Treasurer
P.O. Box 702860
Tulsa, OK 74170-2860
[email protected]
Litigation Section
(Elections to be held Jan. 20, 2014; see
www.okbar.org/members/sections for new officers.)
Military and Veterans Law Section
Tommy D. Klepper, Chairperson
702 Wall Street, Suite 100
P.O. Box 721980
Norman, OK 73070
[email protected]
Abby Dillsaver, Treasurer
Deputy General Counsel
Oklahoma Tax Commission
120 N. Robinson, Suite 2000W
Oklahoma City, OK 73102
[email protected]
Jeffrey A. Lee, Secretary
215 Dean A. McGee, No. 524
Oklahoma City, OK 73102
[email protected]
Adam W. Childers, Immediate Past
Crowe & Dunlevy PC
20 N. Broadway, Suite 1800
Oklahoma City, OK 73102
[email protected]
Law Office Management and
Technology Section
Michael D. Johnson, Chairperson
623 N. Porter, Suite 400
Norman, OK 73071
[email protected]
Brent Dishman, Chairperson-Elect
11017 Old River Trail
Edmond, OK 73013
[email protected]
Kate McClure, Secretary
P.O. Box 561
Lawton, OK 73502
[email protected]
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
Stan Evans, Treasurer
4108 N. Harvey Parkway
Oklahoma City, OK 73118-8432
[email protected]
Traci L. Soderstrom, CLE Chair
601 S. Sunnylane Road
Del City, OK 73115
[email protected]
Robert Don Gifford, Immediate Past
210 Park Avenue, Suite 400
Oklahoma City, OK 73102
[email protected]
Kraettli Epperson, TES Chairperson
50 Penn Place, Suite 1400
1900 N.W. Expressway
Oklahoma City, OK 73118
[email protected]
John B. Wimbish, TES Editor-in-Chief
5314 S. Yale, Suite 200
Tulsa, OK 74135
[email protected]
Jason Soper, Legislative Liaison Committee
P.O. Box 1292
Oklahoma City, OK 73101
[email protected]
Taxation Law Section
Abby Dillsaver, Chairperson
120 N. Robinson, Suite 2000W
Oklahoma City, OK 73102
[email protected]
Ralph “Ted” Blodgett, Vice-Chairperson
629 24th Avenue Southwest
Norman, OK 73069
[email protected]
Real Property Law Section
Christopher J. Smith, Chairperson
1000 W. Wilshire, Suite 428
Oklahoma City, OK 73116
[email protected]
Lucas J. Munson, Chairperson-Elect
247 N. Broadway
Edmond, OK 73034
[email protected]
Matthew L. Winton, Budget Officer
Winton Law
3233 E. Memorial Road, Suite 103
Edmond, OK 73013
[email protected]
Jared H. Harrison, Secretary
P.O. Box 658
202 N. 6th Street
Kingfisher, OK 73750-2705
[email protected]
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
W. Todd Holman, Secretary
525 S. Main, Suite 800
Tulsa, OK 74103
[email protected]
Jesse C. Chapel, Treasurer
5801 N. Broadway Extension, Suite 101
Oklahoma City, OK 73118-7489
[email protected]
Kurt Schneiter, Member at Large (West)
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The Oklahoma Bar Journal
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
What is Required for Gas to be a
Marketable Product in Oklahoma?
By Richard B. Noulles
his article discusses 1) the case law in Oklahoma giving rise
to the question of what is required for gas to be a marketable product, 2) the differing view of royalty owners and
producers on that question, 3) the uncertainties under the case
law, 4) recent changes in the gas industry relevant to the question
and 5) other authorities applicable to the question. The author
also proposes a standard to be applied in determining whether
gas is a marketable product.
Over 20 years ago, in the 1992 case of Wood v.
TXO Production Corp.,1 the Oklahoma Supreme
Court held that a lessee’s implied duty to market under an oil and gas lease “involves obtaining a marketable product.”2 The issue in Wood
was whether the lessee could charge its royalty
owners for their proportionate share of the
costs incurred by the lessee in compressing gas
on the leased premises so as to enable the gas
to be delivered into the buyer’s line, also located on the leased premises.3 The court held that
cost could not be charged to the lessors under
the implied duty to market.4
Two years after Wood, the court decided TXO
Production Corp. v. State ex rel. Comm’rs of the
Land Office (CLO).5 In CLO, the court decided
that post-production costs for on-lease compression, dehydration and gathering expenses
were not chargeable to the CLO under the producer’s lease with TXO. The court based its
decision on the fact the CLO lease provided the
lessee was to deliver to the CLO one-eighth of
the gas produced “without cost into pipelines
… or in lieu thereof, pay to the lessor the market
value thereof,”6 but also said the costs in question were incurred to “prepare the product for
market”7 and “prior to the product being placed
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
into the purchaser’s pipeline,”8 so were “necessary to make the product marketable”9 and
therefore not chargeable to the royalty owner.
Four years later, in Mittelstaedt v. Santa Fe
Minerals, Inc.,10 the court addressed, for the first
time, whether off-lease post-production costs
could be charged to royalty owners. The court
made it clear that the fact the costs were for offlease operations “does not mean the costs are
necessarily shared by the lessors,”11 but also
made it clear that such costs “must be examined on an individual basis to determine if they
are within the class of costs shared by royalty
interests.”12 The court then addressed the specific costs involved in the case, beginning with
dehydration. The court said that dehydration
costs “necessary to make a product marketable,
or dehydration within the custom and usage of
the lessee’s duty to create a marketable product, without provision for cost to lessors in the
lease,” are not payable from the royalty interest, but that “excess dehydration to an already
marketable product is to be allocated proportionately to the royalty interest when such
costs are reasonable, and when actual royalty
revenues are increased in proportion to the
costs assessed against the royalty interest.”13
The court likewise explained that blending
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
costs “necessary to make a marketable product” are not allocated to royalty owners, but
blending costs for “an already marketable
product” may be so allocated if the costs are
reasonable and royalty revenues increase in
proportion to them.14 A similar rule was given
for off-lease compression costs.15 The court concluded that:
In sum, a royalty interest may bear postproduction costs of transporting, blending,
compression, and dehydration, when the
costs are reasonable, when actual royalty
revenues increase in proportion to the costs
assessed against the royalty interest, when
the costs are associated with transforming
an already marketable product into an
enhanced product, and when the lessee
meets its burden of showing these facts.16
Subsequent to the decisions in Wood, CLO
and Mittelstaedt, a number of cases have been
filed by royalty owners — generally seeking to
represent a large number of other royalty owners on a class basis — claiming that producers
have underpaid royalties by effectively charging the royalty owner for off-lease post-production costs allegedly incurred to make the
producer’s gas a marketable product. Typically
these cases have involved one of the following
two scenarios:
1) In the first scenario, the lessee/producer
typically sells the gas at the well or a nearby
central delivery point to a midstream company
such as DCP, Enogex, ONEOK Field Services
or various others. Such sales are often on a
“percent of proceeds” (POP) basis whereby the
purchaser pays the producer — typically in
exchange for 100 percent of the MMBtus of gas
delivered at the delivery point — a stated percentage of the proceeds ultimately received by
the purchaser upon resale, after the purchaser
moves the gas to a downstream processing
plant (which may be located dozens of miles or
more from the lease), processes the gas for the
extraction of natural gas liquids (NGLs), and
sells the residue gas and NGLs at the plant
tailgate or further down the distribution chain.
The POP contracts also will frequently provide
that a portion of the gas being sold to the midstream company may be used for fuel in transporting, compressing and/or processing the
gas, with the percentage of proceeds paid for
the NGLs and residue gas also constituting the
consideration for the gas used for fuel. In some
instances, the POP contract also may provide
for a reduction in the proceeds otherwise payable to the producer to offset the purchaser’s
costs of off-lease transportation, compression
or treating of the gas, usually on the basis of
“X¢ per unit” of gas purchased.
2) In the second scenario, the lessee/producer itself (or an affiliate of the lessee/producer) typically pays the midstream company
to move the gas from the lease to the downstream processing plant, pays the costs of compressing and processing the gas to extract
NGLs — including bearing the loss of any gas
used as fuel for transporting, compressing
and/or processing the gas — and either sells
the residue gas and extracted NGLs at the
plant tailgate or moves them further down the
distribution chain for sale.
In both of these scenarios, the residue gas
remaining after extraction of the NGLs typically is delivered into a mainline interstate or
intrastate transmission line at the tailgate of the
processing plant, where it can be transmitted to
an ultimate end user or local distribution company at any downstream pipeline interconnect
point, which may be hundreds or thousands of
miles away.
In the first scenario, the producer typically
pays royalties on the proceeds it receives under
the POP contract for the wellhead sale to the
midstream purchaser. In the second scenario,
the producer typically pays royalties on the
“netback” value at the well after deducting the
downstream costs of the off-lease transportation, compression and processing from the
downstream proceeds ultimately received for
the sale of the residue gas and NGLs. In both
scenarios, the lessee/producer may incur costs
for treating, dehydrating, separating, compressing or other operations undertaken on the lease,
before either selling the gas (in the first scenario)
or delivering it to the midstream company (in
the second scenario), and those on-lease costs
are not allocated to the royalty owners, based on
the decisions in Wood and CLO. The producer’s
contention typically is that in either scenario the
gas is a marketable product at the lease when it
is either sold (in the first scenario) or delivered
(in the second scenario) into the midstream company’s pipeline.17
The royalty owners, however, typically argue
that gas is not a marketable product until it is
acceptable for delivery into the mainline inter-
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
…there is no Oklahoma
appellate decision addressing
the issue of what is required
for gas to be a
‘marketable product.’
state or intrastate transmission line at the tailgate of the processing plant, and further argue
that little or no gas is acceptable into such a
mainline transmission line until it has been
processed for extraction of NGLs, dehydrated
to a “dry” condition (generally 7 pounds of
water per 1 million cubic feet or less), and compressed to the high pressure required for entry
into a mainline transmission line. Thus, the
royalty owners typically argue that all costs
incurred prior to delivery into the mainline
transmission line are being incurred to produce
a marketable product.18 Therefore, the royalty
owners argue, in the first scenario royalties are
payable on the value of 100 percent of the residue gas and NGLs produced at the processing
plant (i.e., not just the lessee/producer’s share
under the POP contract), irrespective of the
values actually received under the POP contract, plus 100 percent of the value of any gas
consumed for fuel and 100 percent of any
hydrocarbons that may have condensed and
been removed from the pipeline as “drip liquids” en route to the plant. Similarly, in the
second scenario, the royalty owners argue royalties are due on the same 100 percent of the
residue gas and NGLs produced at the processing plant, plus 100 percent of the value of any
gas consumed as fuel in transporting, compressing and/or processing the gas, and 100
percent of any “drip liquids” removed en route
to the plant, without deduction of any off-lease
costs incurred by the lessee/producer in transporting, compressing or processing the gas in
order to achieve those values.
Surprisingly, despite the numerous cases
filed since Mittelstaedt raising this marketable
product issue, there is no Oklahoma appellate
decision addressing the issue of what is required
for gas to be a “marketable product.” The reason for this is the royalty cases raising the issue
uniformly have been settled, almost always
without a trial even being held.19 As a result,
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
the issue of exactly what is required for gas to
be a marketable product in Oklahoma has not
been addressed by an Oklahoma appellate
court. In Foster v. Merit Energy Co.,20 the United
States District Court for the Western District of
Oklahoma discussed the uncertainty regarding
this and several other related and still undecided issues under Mittelstaedt:
•“Having left marketability to be determined as a question of fact, ‘the [Mittelstaedt] court did not attempt to define
either the term ‘marketable’ or the term
•“The [Mittelstaedt] Court . . . had no occasion to discuss how the principles articulated in Mittelstaedt might apply to a POP
•“What, exactly, are the physical attributes of a product that is ‘marketable’ in
the sense required to qualify as an
‘already marketable product’ so as to
trigger possible cost sharing under the
Mittelstaedt formulation? What, exactly,
is the difference between ‘dehydration’
(all on the lessee) and ‘excess dehydration to an already marketable product’
[citation omitted] for purposes of the
Mittelstaedt formulation? Does this differentiation imply that . . . gas can be
dehydrated to the extent necessary to
qualify as ‘marketable’ in the sense discussed in Mittelstaedt, but still not be of
interstate pipeline quality?”23
•“[T]he [Oklahoma] Supreme Court’s royalty cases leave a considerable amount of
uncertainty as to the relative roles played
by lease language, on the one hand, and
the implied covenant to market, on the
other, in bringing about the results
reached in those cases.”24
All of these issues remain undecided by an
Oklahoma appellate court.25
In order to properly analyze this “marketable
product” issue, some historical context also is
necessary. Prior to the latter 1980s and early
1990s, almost all gas produced in the United
States was sold at the lease by the lessee/producer to an interstate or intrastate pipeline
company. The pipeline company served both a
merchant role — buying the raw gas from the
lessee/producer and selling the processed resi-
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
due gas to end users or local distribution companies — and a transportation role — moving
the gas from the producer to the end user/local
distribution company. As part of its transportation function, the pipeline company typically
also either processed the gas at a companyowned plant or had it processed at a thirdparty plant. The interstate/intrastate pipeline
company bore all the costs of transporting,
compressing and processing the gas and, at the
same time, received all the increased value
attributable to the transportation, compressing
and processing of the gas, while the lessee/
producer did not bear any of the costs or share
in any of the increased value. Thus, during this
time period, there were almost no “off-lease
post-production costs” incurred by a lessee/
producer.26 Because the gas was generally sold
at the well to the pipeline company buyer, gas
was generally considered to be marketable as
long as it was acceptable by the pipeline company buyer when delivered at the lease, before
the additional off-lease processes were performed by the buyer.27
From a lessee/producer’s
perspective, gas today is no
different than it was prior to
the FERC’s restructuring of the
pipeline industry…
company at the lease. However, the royalty
owner’s perspective is just the opposite. They
contend that following the restructure of the
pipeline industry gas is no longer marketable at
the wellhead, and that no gas can be marketable
now until it is has been transported to and processed at a downstream processing plant where
NGLs are extracted and the residue can be delivered into an interstate or intrastate pipeline company’s mainline transmission line.
Beginning in the latter 1980s and continuing
through the early 1990s, the Federal Energy
Regulatory Commission (FERC) issued a number of orders having the purpose and effect of
making the pipeline companies pure transporters of gas, rather than both merchants and
transporters.28 As a result, the pipeline companies spun off the portions of their pipeline
systems and processing plants upstream of
their high-pressure mainline transmission lines.
Those spun-off companies, or other newly created companies, became the merchant purchasers and resellers of gas, referred to as “midstream companies,” who now either purchase
gas at the lease, or transport it for a fee to a processing plant, where the gas is processed and
compressed for delivery into the pipeline company’s high-pressure mainline transmission line
for ultimate sale and delivery to the end user or
local distribution company purchaser.29
Sooner or later, in the author’s opinion, a
case presenting the marketable product issue is
going to be tried and either a jury will have to
be instructed as to what is required for gas to
be a marketable product or the court will have
to make a finding on that issue. Despite the
uncertainties under Mittelstaedt, the Oklahoma
Supreme Court did make it clear that determining whether gas is a marketable product is
a fact intensive question dependent in large
part on the custom and usage in the industry.30
However, as the court discussed in Foster,
exactly what is required for gas to be marketable under Mittelstaedt remains unclear. Notwithstanding that uncertainty, the author
believes there are several Oklahoma cases and
other authorities that provide guidance for
arriving at the appropriate standard to be
applied in determining what is required for gas
to be a marketable product. These are discussed below.
From a lessee/producer’s perspective, gas
today is no different than it was prior to the
FERC’s restructuring of the pipeline industry
and, since gas today is often being sold or
delivered into the same pipelines at the lease
— for delivery to and processing at the same
processing plants — as it was before the restructuring of the industry, it is just as much a marketable product at the lease as it was before the
industry was restructured, when almost all gas
was sold to an interstate or intrastate pipeline
In Replogle v. Indian Territory Illuminating Oil
Co.,31 the plaintiffs/royalty owners had agreed
with the lessee/producer that the producer
could use gas being produced from a certain oil
well for the producer’s other operations in
Oklahoma City, free of cost to the royalty owners “until such time as there is a market for said
gas.”32 Oklahoma Natural Gas Company later
attempted to make use of the gas and made a
few purchases from the lessee/producer for a
short time but determined it was unable to use
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
the gas and quit buying it.33 Plaintiffs argued
there was a market for the gas based on the few
discontinued sales to ONG, but the court
rejected that argument, saying:
[M]arket . . . alludes to the opportunity for
selling the commodity (gas) . . . that is, the
existence of a commercial demand for
In Johnson v. Jernigan,35 the plaintiff’s lease
called for royalties to be paid on gas based on
the “gross proceeds at the prevailing market
rate.”36 The parties agreed there was no market
for the gas at the lease, and the lessee moved
the gas ten miles off the lease to the point of
sale and deducted $.02 per 1,000 cubic feet
from the proceeds for that cost in calculating
royalties. The royalty owner sued, alleging the
deduction was not allowed under the lease, but
the court ruled in favor of the lessee/producer,
Market rate is the rate at which the gas is
commonly sold in the vicinity of the well.
It is market rate at the wellhead or in the
field that determines the sale price, and not
the market rate at the purchaser’s location
which may be some distance away from
the leased premises.37
Most recently, in the 2004 case of Howell v.
Texaco Inc.,38 the court said this about a lease
provision calling for payment of royalties based
on market value:
Market value is the price negotiated by a
willing buyer, not obligated to buy, and a
willing seller, not obligated to sell, in a free
and open market.39
The writings of Professors Eugene Kuntz and
Owen Anderson also have addressed the issue
of when gas is a marketable product. For example, Professor Kuntz’s treatise on oil and gas
law states:
It is not always easy to determine, however, when the first marketable product has
been obtained. Marketability of the product may be affected because the quality of
the raw gas is impaired by the presence of
impurities. In this instance, it should be
necessary to determine if there is a commercial market for the raw gas. If there is a
commercial market, then a marketable
product has been produced and further
processing to improve the product should
be treated as refining to increase the value
of the marketable product.40
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
Thus, similar to the Replogle court’s “commercial demand” analysis, Professor Kuntz
would look to whether there is a “commercial
market” for the gas. Although the author is not
aware of any Oklahoma case specifically defining the term “commercial demand” or “commercial market,” in Allenberg v. Bentley Hedges
Travel Service,41 the Oklahoma Supreme Court
said that “the term ‘commercial seller’ refers to
a seller who is in the business of selling” the
goods in question.42 Similarly, a “commercial
demand” or “commercial market” for gas
should only require the existence of buyers
who are in the business of buying the type of
gas at issue or who buy it in the regular course
of their business.
Finally, Professor Anderson has advocated a
similar approach to determining when gas is
marketable, based on what he refers to as the
“market realities” as to whether the gas is
“marketable in fact”:
While sweet, dry gas is in marketable condition (but not necessarily in a marketable
location) at the wellhead, sour or watersaturated gas, depending on market realities, may not be in a marketable condition
(or a marketable location) at the wellhead.
Of course, in many instances, gas in fact
may be in a first-marketable condition at
the wellhead. In other instances, gas, such
as sour gas, may not be marketable until it
is treated. I hesitate to offer a list of specific
examples, because the question of when a
product first becomes marketable is a question of fact, not law. . . . [I]f wet gas is marketable in fact, the location of a gasoline
extraction plant on the leased premises
should not trigger royalty on the gross
value of the extracted liquids and residue
gas because gasoline extraction would be
beyond the exploration and production
segment of the industry.
[I]n today’s gas markets, gas may be first
sold at a point and in a condition that is
well beyond the point and condition where
it becomes a first-marketable product. And
the point at which gas becomes a firstmarketable product may also vary from
area-to-area and perhaps from well-towell.43
While Professor Anderson does not expand
on what is sufficient to show the gas is “mar-
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
ketable in fact,” it seems clear the “market realities” he relies on would be satisfied by evidence
establishing that there is in fact a “commercial
market” of willing buyers in the business of buying gas of the type produced or who buy it in the
regular course of their business.
Based on Replogle, Johnson, Howell, Allenberg,
and the writings of Professors Kuntz and
Anderson, the author believes the following
formulation constitutes an appropriate standard for determining what is required for gas
to be a marketable product:
Gas is a marketable product when there is
a commercial market for it. This means the
gas is of a type capable of being sold to
willing buyers in the business of buying
such gas, or who buy such gas in the regular course of their business, and who are
not otherwise obligated to buy it, in a free
and open market. Gas can be marketable at
the well if the gas is of a type commonly
sold in the vicinity of a well, even though
the gas is moved some distance from the
well before being sold.44
In accordance with Mittelstaedt, all of the
foregoing should be able to be shown (or challenged) by evidence of the custom and usage in
the industry with respect to such gas.
This proposed standard is consistent with
the holdings in Replogle, Johnson, Howell, and
Allenberg, and also is consistent with the writings of Professors Kuntz and Anderson.45 The
proposed standard allows the jury or factfinder to determine whether the gas at issue is
a marketable product based on the realities of
the market place for the gas in question and the
facts that may be presented as to whether there
is a commercial market of buyers for gas in that
physical condition. However, the standard is
not dependent on whether the gas is marketable to midstream companies versus end users
(or others in the distribution chain); on whether the gas can be transported on an interstate or
intrastate mainline transmission line; or on
whether it is further treated or processed after
the sale for ultimate resale to end users. This is
because the standard depends on whether
there is in fact a commercial market for gas of
that type, regardless of whether the market
consists of end users or other buyers; whether
the gas can be transported on a mainline interstate or intrastate transmission line; and whether the gas is further treated or processed after
the sale for ultimate resale to end users.46 Nor is
the standard dependent on whether the gas is
sold under a POP contract versus some other
type of contract, since the type of contract
entered into is not a factor in determining
whether the gas is or is not a marketable product. As Professor Anderson has said regarding
the common practice of selling “wet gas”
(meaning gas saturated with NGLs47) to gasoline plants on a POP basis, “Such a real and
established market presumably makes the wet
gas marketable in fact even though the purchase price is unknown until the next sale
For over fifteen years, since the promulgation of the Mittelstaedt decision, producers and
royalty owners alike have had to deal with the
uncertainty of not knowing the standard that
will be applied in determining whether gas is a
marketable product in Oklahoma. Although
the promulgation of a more definitive standard
for answering this question will still leave
uncertainty as to what a fact finder may determine under any given state of facts, it would be
a clear improvement over the present status in
which producers and royalty owners do not
even know what standard will apply in determining whether gas is a marketable product.
The author hopes a case raising this question
reaches an appellate court in Oklahoma in the
near future so that both producers and royalty
owners can have a better understanding of
what is required for gas to be a marketable
product in Oklahoma, and believes the standard proposed herein should be adopted if and
when that occurs.
1. 1992 OK 100, 854 P.2d 880.
2. Id. at ¶ 12, 854 P.2d at 883.
3. Id. at ¶ 9, 854 P.2d at 882. The fact that the costs were incurred on
the lease is significant. Leases cover a specific location, and a producer’s production activities are generally undertaken on a specific area
within the lease. Producers typically deliver gas to a third party purchaser or transporter through a meter located on the lease and near the
wellhead, and the meter measures the quantity of gas being delivered
into the third party’s line. Operations undertaken on the lease and
prior to delivery of gas into the meter (for example, use of a separator
to separate liquids from gas prior to delivery of the gas into the meter)
generally have been viewed by the industry as production activities
that are not chargeable to royalty owners. On the other hand, off-lease
operations typically are not undertaken by a producer (and cannot be
done without acquiring the right to do so on the landowner’s property), and generally have been viewed by the industry as post-production costs to an already marketable product that can be charged to
royalty owners. (As discussed in note 26, infra, the primary circumstance in which “off lease” activities are undertaken by a producer is
for the collection and delivery of gas from several nearby wells to a
nearby central delivery point.)
4. Wood and other cases have made it clear this implied duty to
market can be negated by appropriate language in the lease. Id. at ¶ 11,
854 P.2d at 883 (“If a lessee wants royalty owners to share in compression costs, that can be spelled out in the lease.”) Accord Rogers v. Heston
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
Oil Co., 1984 OK 75, ¶ 19, 735 P.2d 542, 546 (an implied covenant in an
oil and gas lease “is a covenant implied in fact to carry out what the
parties must have intended” and “becomes a part of the lease only
where its inclusion in the lease is not inconsistent with other terms of
the lease.”) The issue of precisely what language is sufficient to negate
the implied covenant is beyond the scope of this article. However,
compare Emery Res. Holdings, LLC v. Coastal Plains Energy, Inc., 2012 WL
1085718, at *8 (D. Utah Mar. 30, 2012) (“[T]he majority of courts to
consider the topic have found ‘at the well’ royalty clauses to mean the
natural gas is valued for royalty purposes at its wellhead location and
condition”) and Elliott Indus. v. BP. Am. Prod. Co., 407 F.3d 1091, 1109
(10th Cir. 2005) (“[M]arket value at the well” should reflect “‘the value
of the gas in its unprocessed state as it comes to the surface at the
mouth of the well before it is transported and processed.’”) (citation
omitted) with Hill v. Kaiser-Francis Oil Co., No. CIV-09-07-R (W.D. Okla.
Aug. 16, 2012) (lease provisions calling for royalties to be paid on the
value or proceeds “at the well” or “at the mouth of the well” are not
sufficient to negate the implied covenant, but provisions for royalties
to be based on the value or proceeds for “raw gas” are sufficient to do
so) and Fankhauser v. XTO Energy, Inc., 2012 WL 601415 (W.D, Okla.
Feb. 23, 2012) (lease provisions calling for royalties to be based on
value or proceeds of “raw gas” or of gas “at the well” are not sufficient
to negate the implied covenant).
5. 1994 OK 131, 903 P.2d 259.
6. Id. at ¶¶ 7-8, 903 P.2d at 260-61.
7. Id. at ¶ 12, 903 P.2d at 262.
8. Id. at ¶ 15, 903 P.2d at 262.
9. Id. at ¶ 12, 903 P.2d at 263.
10. 1998 OK 7, 954 P.2d 1203.
11. Id. at ¶ 19, 954 P.2d at 1208.
12. Id.
13. Id. at ¶ 26, 954 P.2d at 1209.
14. Id. at ¶ 27, 954 P.2d at 1209-10.
15. Id. at ¶ 29, 954 P.2d at 1210.
16. Id. at ¶ 30, 954 P.2d at 1210 (emphasis added).
17. Producers also contend that natural gas produced at the well is
comparable to crude oil produced at the well, which is universally
considered to be a marketable product when produced at the well.
Both natural gas and crude oil contain mixtures of hydrocarbons and
other chemicals, and both typically undergo downstream processes
(refining for crude oil and processing for gas) before being sold to end
users. A similar process applies to a myriad of other products that are
processed or refined before being sold to end users. Examples include
corn, cattle, and iron ore.
18. In support of this argument, royalty owners often refer to midstream company marketing materials saying the midstream company
is producing marketable products by processing the gas. However,
those materials refer to making the gas and extracted NGLs marketable to end users, and marketability to end users should not be the test
of marketability for gas any more than it is for crude oil, corn, cattle,
iron ore, or other commodities that are typically sold to refiners, processors, or other midstream companies in a distribution chain and also
undergo a myriad of processes and changes before being marketable to
end users.
19. See, e.g., Brumley v. Conoco Phillips, Case No. CJ-2001-5, D. Ct.
Texas Cty.; Robertson v. Sanguine, Case No. CJ-02-140, D. Ct. Caddo
Cty.; Velma-Alma v. Chesapeake Energy Corp., Case No. CJ-02-331E, D. Ct.
Stephens Cty.; Velma-Alma v. Texaco, Case No. CJ-02-304E, D. Ct. Stephens Cty; Mitchusson v. EXCO Resources, Inc., Case No. CJ-2010-32, D.
Ct. Caddo County. These cases typically alleged fraud and breach of
fiduciary duty also, and sought to recover alleged royalty underpayments going back to the 1980s. Because the Oklahoma Production
Revenue Standards Act provides that unpaid royalties bear interest at
12 percent compounded annually, 52 O.S. §570.10.D, the potential
exposure for principal and interest alone generally ranged from tens of
millions of dollars to middle or upper eight figure amounts, and sometimes exceeded one hundred million dollars. Given the uncertainty in
the law and the huge dollars at stake, it is perhaps not surprising that
the producers and royalty owners would reach a settlement rather
than risk a complete loss to one side or the other.
20. 282 F.R.D. 541 (W.D. Okla. 2012).
21. Id. at 548-49, quoting from Byron C. Keeling and Karolyn K.
Gillespie, The First Marketable Product Doctrine: Just What is the “Product,” 37 St. Mary L.J. 1, at 65 (2005).
22. Id. at 550.
23. Id. at 550, fn. 8.
24. Id. at 550, fn. 9.
25. In Hill v. Marathon Oil Co., No. CIV-08-37 (W.D. Okla.), Judge
Russell sought to obtain clarification of the marketable product issue
by certifying three questions to the Oklahoma Supreme Court, including the question of:
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
When is gas “marketable” or how is the term “marketable”
defined for purposes of determining when gas becomes a “marketable product” and whether production and post-production costs
were incurred to make the gas “marketable” or were incurred to
enhance the value of an already marketable product?
Id. at doc. No. 118. However, the Oklahoma Supreme Court declined to
answer the certified question, stating that:
[S]ufficient direction existed in Oklahoma case law to allow the
instruction of fact finders . . . . Mittelstaedt . . . and the cases cited
and analyzed therein provide guidance sufficient to the federal
court to address the questions presented.
Hill v. Marathon Oil Co., No. 108098 (Okla. Sup. Ct.), Order dated May
11, 2010. Given the uncertainties on this question, it is unfortunate that
the court declined this opportunity to clarify the law. Interestingly,
Judge Russell later stated in Naylor Farms, Inc. Anadarko Oil & Gas Co.,
2011 WL 7053789 (W.D. Okla., July 14, 2011) that making gas marketable “by inference means of interstate or intrastate pipeline quality” id.
at n. 2, but subsequently modified that ruling, stating “there is no
Oklahoma authority holding that extraction of NGLs is necessary to
put gas in a marketable form and that the costs of such extraction must
be borne by the lessee”). Naylor Farms, Inc. Anadarko Oil & Gas Co., 2011
WL 7053794 (W.D. Okla., Oct. 14, 2011) (granting in part and denying
in part Defendant’s motion to reconsider the court’s July 14, 2011
Order). Two other judges in the Western District of Oklahoma have
rejected the contention that gas must be of mainline pipeline quality to
be marketable, stating that such an argument is “inconsistent with
Oklahoma law.” Foster v. Apache Corp., 285 F.R.D. 632, 642 (W.D. Okla.
2012); Foster v. Merit Energy Co., 2012 W.L. 6161939, at *4 (W.D. Okla.
Nov. 21, 2012).
26. The principal exception to this would be where a lessee/producer gathered gas from several nearby leases and moved it to a
nearby central delivery point for sale to the interstate/intrastate pipeline. In such a case, the lessee/producer would incur the cost of moving the gas to the central delivery point and potentially could incur
off-lease compression, dehydration and/or treating costs if the gas
needed to be compressed, dehydrated and/or otherwise treated in
order to be delivered into the purchaser’s line at the central delivery
point. In the author’s opinion, those “near the lease” activities are what
the court was referring to in Mittelstaedt as off-lease post-production
“field processes” that might be necessary to make gas marketable. 1998
OK 7 at ¶ 21, 954 P.2d at 1208. The author believes it is unlikely the
Mittelstaedt court intended that phrase to refer to the distant off-lease
activities of transporting the gas dozens of miles or more through a
midstream company pipeline to a processing plant, and then processing/compressing the gas at the plant, as contended by the royalty
owners’ attorneys in the royalty class action lawsuits. Such distant offlease activities were undertaken by producers infrequently, if at all, at
the time Mittelstaedt was decided. Had the court in Mittelstaedt intended to rule that such distant off-lease activities were necessary to make
gas a marketable product by making it acceptable into a mainline
transmission line, it seems likely the court would have explicitly said
that acceptability into a mainline transmission line was required for
gas to be a marketable product, rather than emphasizing the factual
nature of the question, id. at ¶ 26, 954 P.2d at 1209, the need to examine
any costs “on an individual basis,” id. at ¶ 19, 954 P.2d at 1208, and the
importance of custom and usage in the industry in determining what
activities were necessary to make a marketable product, id. at ¶¶ 20, 23,
26, 954 P.2d at 1208-09. Further, there would have been no need for the
court to discuss the concept of “excess dehydration to an already marketable product,” id. at ¶ 26, since gas acceptable to a mainline transmission line already is “dry” and not subject to further dehydration.
27. See Wood and TXO, supra, and Johnson v. Jernigan, infra at n. 35.
28. See Associated Gas Distributors v. F.E.R.C., 824 F.2d 981, 993-96
(D.C. Cir. 1987) (describing FERC’s efforts to accomplish a “complete
restructuring of the natural gas industry” through Order 436’s unbundling of the pipeline companies’ transportation and merchant roles);
Transwestern Pipeline Co. v. F.E.R.C., 897 F.2d 570, 573 (to same effect);
American Gas Ass’n v. F.E.R.C., 912 F.2d 1496, 1503 (D.C. Cir. 1990) (to
same effect); see also Foster v. Merit Energy Co., supra at 547 (referring to
the “radical changes in the business of natural gas production, processing and distribution in the last three decades”).
29. See, e.g., Owen L. Anderson, Royalty Valuation: Should Royalty
Obligations Be Determined Intrinsically, Theoretically, or Realistically? Part
2, 37 Natural Resources J. 611 at 634, n. 104 (hereafter, “Anderson”):
Until recently, gas was customarily sold at the well or in the
vicinity of the field to pipelines who acted as merchants of gas.…
Today, because pipelines are now regulated as common carriers,
gas may be sold at the well, in the vicinity of the field, or at some
distant market. In other words, there are potentially multiple
markets for gas produced from a single field.
30. 1998 OK 7 at ¶¶ 20, 23 and 26, 954 P.2d at 1208-09.
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
31. 1943 OK 417, 143 P.2d 1002.
32. 1943 OK 417, at ¶ 6, 143 P.2d at __.
33. Id. at ¶¶ 34-36, 143 P.2d at __.
34. Id. at ¶¶ 37, 143 P.2d at __ (emphasis added).
35. 1970 OK 180, 475 P.2d 396.
36. 1970 OK 180 at ¶ 4, 475 P.2d at __.
37. Id. at ¶ 5, 475 P.2d at __ (emphasis added).
38. 2004 OK 92, 112 P.3d 1154.
39. 2004 OK 92 at ¶ 17, 112 P.3d at __ (emphasis added).
40. 3 Eugene Kuntz, Law of Oil and Gas, §40.5(b) (1989) (emphasis added).
40. 2001 OK 22, 22 P.3d 223.
42. Id. at n. 1.
43. Anderson, supra at 634, 642-43, 645 (emphasis added).
44. The last sentence, and the phrase “of a type” in the last two
sentences, make it clear that gas from a particular well can be a marketable product even though potential buyers may not be willing to
extend a line to the particular well because, for example, of the well’s
location or other reasons unrelated to the quality of the gas (such as an
oversupply of gas). As shown by Johnson v. Jernigan and Mittelstaedt,
gas can be a marketable product even though there is no market available at the well.
45. Additionally, the proposed standard is consistent with what
Justice Opala proposed in his partial dissent in Mittelstaedt as the test
for determining whether a producer had obtained a “first marketable
product,” namely that the fact finder dertermine “the point of production at which there are both willing sellers and buyers.” Mittelstaedt,
1998 OK 7, ¶ 24 (Opala, J., dissenting in part). The proposed standard
also is consistent with the decisions of Justices Taylor and Reif in a case
in which Justice Taylor was the District Judge and Justice Reif was on
the Court of Civil Appeals. See Watts v. Amoco Prod’n. Co., Case No.
C-2001-73 (D. Ct. Pittsburgh County, Order dated Dec. 10, 2002, at 5-6)
(finding that gas in the counties at issue “was marketable at the wellhead” based on wellhead sales to midstream companies), aff’d., Case
No. 98,782 (Okla. Ct. Civ. App., Order dated Sept. 14, 2004, at 3) (“gas
produced by the wells in question was marketable at the wellhead”).
46. Of course, if such activities are undertaken by a non-commercial buyer, the gas may or may not be a marketable product, depending
on all the facts. For example, in some areas sour gas containing excessive hydrogen sulfide is not acceptable to commercial buyers. In those
areas, if a producer were to convince someone who was not in the business of buying gas to purchase his gas, treat it so as to make it acceptable to commercial buyers, and then resell it to a commercial buyer at
a price sufficient to recoup the treating cost, the sale to such a noncommercial buyer would not mean the gas was a marketable product.
However, in other areas where such gas was routinely purchased by
commercial buyers in the business of buying gas of that type, that gas
would be a marketable product. As discussed by Professors Kuntz and
Anderson, these results are exactly what an analysis based on the
market realities of a commercial market call for.
47. Anderson, supra at 634, n. 104.
48. Id. at 637, n. 138.
About The Author
Richard B. Noulles is a shareholder in the Tulsa office of
GableGotwals. He is a 1970
graduate of Rice University and
a 1975 graduate of the University of TU College of Law. He
has represented a number of producers in several gas royalty class
action lawsuits throughout Oklahoma. The opinions in this article are his alone and
do not necessarily reflect those of other GableGotwals attorneys or clients of the firm.
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
Is There Anybody Out There?
Suit Against a John Doe Defendant
By Mark B. Houts
his article addresses two issues: 1) whether the plaintiff in a
tort action may proceed against an unidentified driver, i.e.,
a “John Doe” defendant, specifically through service by
publication and default judgment and 2) if the first issue is
answered in the affirmative, whether a default judgment granted
against a “John Doe” defendant may be enforceable against a
liability insurer that provided coverage for the vehicle driven by
the John Doe defendant at the time of the accident.
Obviously, this issue will arise only in rare
circumstances. Frequently, however, the rare
circumstance leads to litigation. Such a circumstance might arise out of a night of drinking
wherein a “new friend” testifies ipse dixit to his
or her expertise in driving under the influence.
Then, when such testimony fails the Daubert
standard when faced with a roadside telephone
pole, this new friend evaporates leaving nothing but the residue of a few fingerprints on the
steering wheel. In such a case, the phantom
driver may be insured under the owner’s policy as a permissive user. Barring unusually
effective detective work, however, this permissive user will likely never be identified. Thus, a
passenger in the vehicle will be left in the unenviable position of attempting to maintain a
claim against an unknown driver with a known
Oklahoma law is not settled on the first issue.
Federal courts, however, generally agree that,
where a plaintiff cannot ascertain the name of a
known defendant, the plaintiff may use a fictitious name solely for purposes of conducting
discovery to learn the identity of such a defendant. Regarding the second issue, an insurer
must usually answer any judgment against its
insured for which coverage applies. Thus, if a
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
court answers the first question in the affirmative, the court would likely require an insurer
to pay damages up to policy limits. However,
“John Doe’s” failure to make his identity known
could be viewed as a breach of the cooperation
clause. Thus, a court would probably find that
the insurer should indemnify a John Doe up to
the compulsory liability limits.
Many states have implemented statutes governing the use of a fictitious name. Oklahoma
formerly had such a statute, which has since
been repealed. That statute, formerly codified
as 12 O.S. §320, provided as follows:
When the plaintiffs shall be ignorant of the
name of a defendant such defendant may
be designated, in any pleading or proceeding, by any name or description, and when
his true name is discovered, the pleading or
proceeding may be amended accordingly.
The plaintiff, in such case, must state in his
petition that he could not ascertain the true
name; and the summons must contain the
words, ‘real name unknown,’ And a copy
thereof must be served personally upon the
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
Although the Oklahoma
courts have not addressed the
specific issue of a plaintiff’s
ability to pursue judgment
against a John Doe defendant
since the repeal of §320, the
courts have addressed related
For instance, in Gonzales v.
Combined Insurance Company of
America,2 the Court of Civil
Appeals addressed a situation
wherein the district court entered default judgment against
a negligent driver. The district
court then denied a motion to vacate default
judgment filed by the driver’s employer and
entered partial summary judgment against the
employer. The appellate court held that the trial
court “abused its discretion in denying the petition to vacate the default judgment because
there was no notice given to [employer] despite
the fact that [it] was an interested party and had
filed an answer.” The court further held that the
employer would not be bound by default judgment against a co-defendant when the employer
had no opportunity to be heard on the issue.3
The Gonzales opinion sheds some light on
issues presented in this article, due largely to
the distinctions between Gonzales and the fact
pattern assumed here. Under the facts assumed
in this article, the insurer would have actual
notice of the litigation, but would not be a
party to the litigation. On the other hand, the
employer in Gonzales lacked the ability to control
the defense of the allegedly-negligent employee,
whereas an insurer would have the opportunity
to control the defense of John Doe (at least from
a contractual standpoint), even though the insurer would lack any helpful information regarding
John Doe’s true identity.
A number of courts have expressed disdain
for naming a “John Doe” defendant.
John Doe is a mere figment of the law’s
imagination, with no more existence as a
real suitor than Mercury has as a real god.
Only during high poetic transport does the
law regard him as a true, objective personality. Though born of the muse, he is dry
and commonplace enough to be engaged
in the extensive real estate business which
he pretends to carry on, but in very truth,
he is a phantom — a legal will-o’-the-wisp,
an ingenious conceit of the law in its rapt
poetic moods.4
…a fictitious name
serves little purpose
aside from acting as a
placeholder to allow a
plaintiff to determine
the identity of a proper
party defendant.
Thus, to say the least, an
insurer contesting a garnishment arising out of a default
judgment against a John Doe
insured would not lack support for its position that, as a
fictitious construct, the John
Doe defendant lacked sufficient basis in reality to permit
a garnishor to proceed against
the insurer.
The majority of cases addressing suit filed against a
John Doe deal with the “relation back” doctrine, i.e., whether an amended pleading will relate back to the
date of filing the initial pleading for statute-oflimitations purposes.5 It is widely recognized,
however, that a fictitious name serves little purpose aside from acting as a placeholder to allow
a plaintiff to determine the identity of a proper
party defendant.6 In other words, allowing a
plaintiff to use a fictitious name for a defendant
will serve the dual purposes of: 1) preventing
any prejudice to the plaintiff when the plaintiff
cannot ascertain the identity of a proper defendant within the statute of limitations, and 2)
allowing the plaintiff to utilize discovery in
order to determine the identity of the proper
Upon designating an unidentified defendant by using a fictitious name, a duediligence obligation is imposed upon a
plaintiff to bring the real defendant into
the litigation and to subject that defendant
to the jurisdiction of the particular court by
proper reasonable notice and diligent service. For the fictitious-party practice rule to
operate, a specific claim must be filed against
a described, though unnamed, party within
the statute of limitations, and the plaintiff
must diligently seek to identify the fictitiously named defendant. The identification
of fictitious defendants joined in an action
pursuant to a procedural rule must be made
within a reasonable time after the expiration
of a period of time specified under another
rule for the filing of plaintiff’s statement of
readiness. In federal court, “John Doe”
defendants must be identified and served
within 120 days of commencement of an
action against them. John Doe defendants
who are never identified or served are never
made parties to the action.7
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
No statute or rule governs this issue in federal courts.8 However, there seems to be consensus among federal courts that a plaintiff
may give a fictitious name for a defendant only
for purposes of ascertaining the true identity of
the proper defendant, as discussed above. Federal courts generally dismiss any defendant
identified by a fictitious name if the plaintiff is
unable to ascertain that defendant’s proper
identity within a reasonable period of time.9
In Newdow v. Robert, the DC Circuit recognized that courts will entertain suit against a
John Doe defendant, “but only in situations
where the otherwise unavailable identity of the
defendant will eventually be made known
through discovery.”10 The Western District of
Pennsylvania has recognized “conflicting authority on the question of whether fictitiously named
Defendants must be dismissed.”11 Under the circumstances presented in that case, the court
allowed “the Doe defendants to stand in for the
alleged real parties until discovery permits the
intended defendants to be installed.”12
In other words, effective service is a necessary
element of personal jurisdiction. The Oklahoma
statute governing service of process further provides that “[a] court of this state may exercise
jurisdiction on any basis consistent with the
Constitution of this state and the Constitution of
the United States.”15 Thus, federal law discussing invocation of personal jurisdiction over a
John Doe defendant is instructive.
Although state courts — particularly those
with controlling statutes in place — seem to be
more lax in their handing of John Doe defendants, federal courts allow plaintiffs to name a
John Doe defendant only for the purposes of
conducting discovery directed toward learning
the true identity of the proper party defendant.
Because Oklahoma does not have any controlling statute in place, Oklahoma courts should
follow the federal courts on this issue.13
Regarding default judgment, courts should
look to Rule 16 of the Oklahoma Rules for District Courts. That rule provides a list of criteria
a district court should consider in determining
whether to permit default judgment to be
taken against a defendant served solely by
publication. Tellingly, the rule presupposes
knowledge of the identity of the anticipated
opponent in that the rule focuses on whether
the plaintiff has attempted to ascertain the
whereabouts of that party and whether the
person is living. Thus, the lack of discussion
regarding the identity of the person, as opposed
to ability to locate the person, could serve as
evidence that the Supreme Court intended for
service by publication only against an ascertainable defendant. Of course one could also
argue the opposite conclusion, that the Supreme
Court did not mention “identity” of an individual defendant because this was assumed to
fall within the other factors.
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
Attempted service on a John Doe defendant
raises jurisdictional issues as well.
In personam jurisdiction is the power to
deal with the person of the defendant and
to render a binding judgment against the
defendant. Jurisdiction of the person is
acquired by service of process or by voluntary appearance before the court.14
The Western District of Washington addressed
a situation wherein a prisoner sued a John Doe
defendant whom the prisoner alleged had
wrongfully designated him as “gang affiliated,”
resulting in his segregation from the general
prison population and subsequent assault.16
The District Court found insufficient information identifying the John Doe defendant and
dismissed for lack of jurisdiction.
It is clear at this juncture that plaintiff is
unable to identify defendant John Doe I
with sufficient specificity to allow the Court
to effectuate service. Because the Court is
unable to serve John Doe I, the Court has
no personal jurisdiction over this defendant. Accordingly, plaintiff’s claims against
John Doe I must be dismissed pursuant to
Fed.R.Civ.P. 12(b)(2) for lack of personal
The United States District Court for the District of Columbia addressed claims of Internet
piracy brought against a number of John Doe
defendants. The court ultimately allowed the
case to proceed for purposes of jurisdictional
[A]t this juncture when no putative defendant has been named, the Court has limited
information to assess whether any putative
defendant has a viable defense of lack of
personal jurisdiction or to evaluate possible
alternate bases to establish jurisdiction. . . .
When the defendants are named, they will
have the opportunity to file appropriate
motions challenging the Court’s jurisdic-
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
tion and that will be the appropriate time
to consider this issue.18
The Supreme Court of Bronx County New
York recognized a statute that allowed a plaintiff to proceed against defendant whose name
is unknown. “However, jurisdiction is not
acquired over such a ‘John’ or ‘Jane Doe’ unless
the process is served in such a manner as to
give that unidentified person notice that he or
she is being summoned to court.”19
Because Oklahoma has no equivalent statute,
it seems doubtful that an Oklahoma Court
would have “the power to deal with the person
of the defendant and to render a binding judgment against the defendant” when that court
does not even know the identity of the defendant. Given the lack of such a governing statute
and extant Oklahoma law regarding personal
jurisdiction, an Oklahoma court would likely be
disinclined to permit pursuit of recovery against
a defendant whose identity cannot be ascertained. However, an Oklahoma court might
allow a plaintiff to pursue limited discovery for
purposes of determining the true identity of
the potential defendant.
Garnishment in General
Garnishment in Oklahoma is governed by
statute.20 “A post-judgment garnishment proceeding ‘is a special and extraordinary remedy
given only by statute,’ which allows a judgment creditor to secure payment of a judgment
through enforcing a liability owed to the judgment debtor by a third party.”21
Any creditor shall be entitled to proceed by
garnishment in any court having jurisdiction against any person who shall be
indebted to the creditor’s debtor or has any
property in his possession or under his
control belonging to such creditor’s debtor,
in the cases, upon the conditions, and in
the manner described by law.22
Through garnishment, a judgment creditor
may recover from an insurer that is obligated
to answer for a judgment debtor. A judgment
creditor’s right to recover from an insurer “is
defined by the language of the Policy and the
obligations of law imposed by the Legislature
on those who provide coverage.”23
As against an insurer, the remedy is “in aid
of and ancillary to the main action” against
…an Oklahoma court would
likely be disinclined to permit
pursuit of recovery against a
defendant whose identity cannot
be ascertained.
the insured and has nothing to do with the
merits. The judgment creditor may claim no
greater rights against the garnishee than the
judgment debtor possesses. An insurer’s
liability to the insured can be neither created
nor enlarged in a garnishment proceeding.24
The garnishment begins with the filing of a
garnishment affidavit, which must be served
upon the garnishee. Furthermore, “a garnishment lien attaches at the time the garnishment
summons is served upon the garnishee,” and at
that time, “the debtor’s property in the possession or control of the garnishee is placed in custodia legis or in the custody of the court.”25 Title
to the subject property does not, however, automatically transfer to the judgment creditor.26
A garnishee must answer the garnishment
affidavit within 10 days of service.27 The answer
must set forth whether the garnishee believes it
is liable and, if the garnishee denies any liability, the reasons for the denial.28 A garnishment
answer will be held sufficient, however, even if
the answer merely denies any liability.28 Furthermore, if the judgment debtor fails to contest the garnishee’s denial of liability, the court
will deem the garnishee’s denial of liability as
“conclusive as to the truth of the facts asserted
A judgment creditor must also give the
judgment debtor notice of the garnishment
In all cases of garnishment before judgment, the defendant in the principal action
shall be given notice of the issuance in said
action of any garnishee summons, the date
of issuance of said summons, and the name
of the garnishee.31
Failure to give proper notice of garnishment
proceedings to the defendant will preclude the
plaintiff from prevailing in the garnishment
action, as the court will lack jurisdiction over
the garnishment proceeding.32
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
Garnishment’s Relationship to Breach of
Cooperation Clause
plaintiff is unable to do so, federal courts will
dismiss the John Doe defendant.
The entry of default judgment against an
insured does not unequivocally resolve the
issue of an insurer’s liability to satisfy that
judgment.33 Thus, an insurer has standing to
contest certain issues in a garnishment action
brought against it as a result of judgment
against its insured.
If, however, an Oklahoma court finds otherwise and allows service upon and default judgment against a John Doe defendant, then the
judgment will probably be enforceable against
an insurer, at least up to the minimum liability
limits. Oklahoma public policy favors insurance
coverage for an innocent third party. Thus, in
circumstances similar to those addressed here,
the Oklahoma appellate courts have required
an insurer to indemnify a defendant when the
insurer might otherwise have correctly denied
coverage, though the insurer was liable only in
the amount of Oklahoma’s minimum compulsory liability limits.
Importantly, an insurer may deny coverage
based upon the insured’s failure or refusal to
cooperate with the insurer in the defense of
claims against the insured. “An insured . . . has
an obligation to cooperate with the insurer,
which is both contractual and implied in law.”34
Interestingly, the duty to cooperate has been
held to continue even after the insurer denies
coverage. “[A]n insured’s failure to keep an
insurer informed of critical post-denial developments may modify, excuse or provide a
defense to the performance of an insurer’s contractual duties.”35 Courts have recognized that
an insured’s failure to communicate with
defense counsel may constitute a violation of
the cooperation clause warranting denial of
coverage.36 Regardless, an insurer denying a
claim on a liability policy for failure to cooperate must prove prejudice as a result thereof.37
From a practical standpoint, Oklahoma plaintiff lawyers should name “John Doe” defendants any time the identity of a defendant is
unknown or uncertain. The plaintiff should
diligently attempt to discover the identity of
any such John Doe defendant and substitute
the proper defendant when and if the proper
party is identified. If the proper party cannot
be identified, the plaintiff should essentially
ignore the issue and allow any named defendant and/or concerned insurer to raise the
issue with the court.
Where an insurer asserts lack of coverage as
a defense to garnishment, Oklahoma courts
will, in many instances, require an insurer to
compensate the injured third party up to the
compulsory minimum limits, so long as there
was a policy in place.38 The courts have applied
this point of law in cases involving default judgment.39 Thus, although the Oklahoma courts
have not thoroughly addressed the issue of an
insured’s failure to cooperate as a defense to a
garnishment action, courts will probably hold
that coverage exists to the minimum limits.
Due to uncertainty in this area, an insurer
should intervene in the action against John
Doe, seeking declaratory judgment on how the
insurer should proceed.
Under the facts presumed here, an insurer
should consider intervening in the underlying
action and asking the court to determine
whether the insurer owes a duty to defend a
John Doe defendant. If so, then the court
should determine whether it has personal
jurisdiction over a defendant of unknown
identity. If the court determines it does have
jurisdiction, then the insurer should seek
declaratory judgment regarding the insurer’s
duty to indemnify an unidentified defendant.
Because the Oklahoma courts have not
recently addressed the issue of a plaintiff’s suit
against a John Doe defendant, it is difficult to
predict precisely how a court will rule. However, federal case law on this issue should be
persuasive, considering neither Oklahoma nor
federal courts have a rule in place addressing
the naming of fictitious defendants. In this
regard, federal courts allow a plaintiff to name
fictitious defendants, but require the plaintiff
to diligently seek to ascertain the identity and
proper naming of such defendant. Then, if the
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
An insurer who disputes the insured’s
demand to defend has three options. It can
(1) seek declaratory relief that would define
the insurer’s rights and obligations; (2)
defend the insured under a reservation of
rights, or (3) refuse to take any action at the
peril of being later found in breach of its
duty to defend.40
1. High v. Southwestern Ins. Co., 1974 OK 35, 520 P.2d 662, 664.
2. 2002 OK CIV APP 101, 57 P.3d 109.
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
3. Id. at ¶18.
4. Walker v. Huddleston, 261 S.W.2d 502, 506 (Mo.App.1953) (quoting Rutherford v. Hobbs, 1879 WL 2494, 2 (Ga. 1879)).
5. See, e.g., 63B Am.Jur. 2d Products Liability §1561 (“Some states
permit John Doe complaints, and in some cases, such complaints toll
the applicable statute of limitations, while in other instances, the substitution of the real party relates back”).
6. See, e.g., 59 Am.Jur. 2d, Parties §17 (recognizing the necessity of
a “subsequent substitution of the person’s true name when it is discovered” and further recognizing the purpose of fictitious naming as
enabling the plaintiff to ascertain the identity of a proper defendant
“through the use of judicial mechanisms such as discovery”).
7. 59 Am.Jur. 2d Parties §20.
8. 139 A.L.R. Fed. 553.
9. Redd v. Dougherty, 578 F. Supp. 2d 1042, 1049 (N.D. Ill. 2008) aff’d
sub nom. Redd v. Nolan, 663 F.3d 287 (7th Cir. 2011) (dismissing John
Doe defendant following the passage of “120 days [of] the filing of
Plaintiff’s complaint, and the unknown defendants have not been
identified or served”). See also Greczyn v. Colgate-Palmolive, 869 A.2d
866, 869-70 (N.J. 2005) (“Plaintiff shall on motion, prior to judgment,
amend the complaint to state defendant’s true name, such motion to be
accompanied by an affidavit stating the manner in which that information was obtained”).
10. 603 F.3d 1002, 1010-11 (D.C. Cir. 2010).
11. Johnson v. City of Erie, PA, 834 F. Supp. 873, 878 (W.D. PA 1993).
12. Id. (citing Scheetz v. Morning Call, Inc., 130 F.R.D. 34 (E.D.Pa.
13. See, e.g., Brill v. Walt Disney Co., 2010 OK CIV APP 132, ¶9, 246
P.3d 1099, 1103 (citing Johnson v. Ford Motor Co., 2002 OK 24, ¶26, 45
P.3d 86, 95) (“While a federal court decision is not binding or controlling on an Oklahoma court construing Oklahoma law, it is persuasive
in the absence of authoritative state law”).
14. Conoco, Inc. v. Agrico Chem. Co., 2004 OK 83, ¶16,115 P.3d 829,
834 (citations omitted).
15. 12 O.S. §2004 (F).
16. Driggers v. Doe I, C11-1630-JCC-MAT, 2012 WL 3763537 (W.D.
Wash. July 13, 2012) report and recommendation adopted, C11-1630JCC, 2012 WL 3762743 (W.D. Wash. Aug. 29, 2012).
17. Id. at *4 (footnote and citations omitted).
18. Call of the Wild Movie, LLC v. Does 1-1,062, 770 F. Supp. 2d 332,
347 (D.D.C. 2011).
19. Harak v. Lydig Superette, Inc., 1994, 161 Misc.2d 445, 613 N.Y.S.2d
582 (Sup.Ct.Bronx Co.).
20. 12 O.S. §1170 et seq.
21. Sisk v. Gaines, 2006 OK CIV APP 117, 144 P.3d 204, 207-08 (citation omitted).
22. 12 O.S. §1171 (A).
23. Sisk, at 208.
24. Id. at 207 (citation omitted).
25. DPW Employees Credit Union v. Tinker Federal Credit Union, 1996
OK CIV APP 106, 925 P.2d 93, 95 (citations omitted). See also 12 O.S.
26. Id.
27. 12 O.S. §1173.3 (E).
28. Id. at (E)(1).
29. Miller v. American Trust Ins. Co., Ltd., 931 F.2d 703, 704 (10th Cir.
(Okla.) 1991).
30. Id. at 704-05.
31. 12 O.S. §1174 (A). Harrison v. Williams, 1922 OK 351, 218 P. 305,
306 (affirming trial court’s dismissal of garnishment action where “the
record fail[ed] to disclose that the principal defendants, necessary parties to the garnishment proceeding, were made parties in the trial
32. Harrison v. Williams, 1922 OK 351, 218 P. 305, 306. See also State
Nat. Bank of Shawnee v. Wood & Co., 1922 OK 122, 212 P. 1002 (syllabus
by the court) (recognizing mandatory nature of service upon judgment
33. Alea London Ltd. v. Canal Club, Inc., 2010 OK CIV APP 33, ¶14, 231
P.3d 157, 160 (“Jumping analytically from the fact a judgment exists to
imposing liability for the judgment under an insurance policy ignores
the required intermediate step, a determination of coverage”); Baldridge
v. Kirkpatrick, 2003 OK CIV APP 9, 63 P.3d 568, 572 (“It would be fundamentally unfair to hold GuideOne responsible at this point when it
received no notice or opportunity to defend until after the fact”).
34. First Bank of Turley v. Fidelity and Deposit Ins. Co. of Maryland,
1996 OK 105, 928 P.2d 298, 304 (citations omitted).
35. Alea London Ltd. v. Canal Club, Inc., 2010 OK CIV APP 33, ¶14,
231 P.3d 157, 160.
36. Vaughan v. ACCC Ins. Co., 725 S.E.2d 855, 858-59 (Ga.App. 2012)
(Insured asserted she failed to communicate with attorney hired by
insurer because she had moved but did not update her contact information and did not have a “stable phone number;” court deemed these
excuses insufficient to justify her failure to cooperate, such that insurer
was entitled to withdraw coverage based on that noncooperation);
Assurance Co. of America v. MDF Framing, Inc., 338 Fed.Appx. 625, 627,
2009 WL 2013512, 2 (9th Cir. 2009) (failure to cooperate resulting in
default judgment deemed sufficient to warrant grant of summary
judgment insurer’s “action seeking a declaration that Assurance has
no obligation to defend and indemnify its insured); American Transit
Ins. Co. v. Fuentes, 771 N.Y.S.2d 295, 297 (N.Y.Sup. 2003) (insured’s
refusal to communicate with insurer and counsel deemed “willful lack
of cooperation warranting a disclaimer of insurance coverage”); Travelers Indem. Co. of America v. Pullini Water Services, Inc., 35 A.D.3d 846,
847, 828 N.Y.S.2d 130, 131 (N.Y.A.D. 2 Dept. 2006) (insurer demonstrated “through affidavits of its employee and of private investigators, as well as written correspondence, that it made diligent efforts to
secure [insured’s] cooperation, that the efforts were reasonably calculated to obtain that cooperation, and that [insured] willfully obstructed
the [insurer’s] defense of the underlying action” in such a way as to
implicate the cooperation clause). But see, Wausau Ins. Co. v. Home
Indem. Co., 151 Misc.2d 302, 306, 573 N.Y.S.2d 247, 250 (N.Y.City Civ.
Ct.,1991) (“An insurer which has timely notice of an accident, attempts
to arbitrate a claim arising out of that accident and has notice of a
default judgment — and does nothing — may not deny coverage on
the ground that its insureds ‘failed to cooperate’”).
37. O’Neill v. Long, 2002 OK 63, ¶25, n. 11, 54 P.3d 109, 115-16 (“To
prevail on its affirmative defense of failure to cooperate, State Farm
must demonstrate that the absence of the insured was prejudicial to its
38. Tapp v. Perciful, 2005 OK 49, 120 P.3d 480, 483-84 (“the automobile
business exclusion in Harmon’s liability insurance policy is contrary, to
the extent of the minimum amount required by the statute, to the public
policy inherent in the Compulsory Liability Insurance law”).
39. Mulford v. Neal, 2011 OK 20, 264 P.3d 1173, 1186 (“plaintiffs were
entitled to summary judgment against the garnishee on the . . . policy
up to the minimum amount of liability insurance mandated for the
protection of the general public, as a matter of law”); Sisk v. Gaines,
2006 OK CIV APP 117, 144 P.3d 204, 210.
40. First Bank of Turley v. Fidelity and Deposit Ins. Co. of Maryland,
1996 OK 105, 928 P.2d 298, 304-05 (citations omitted). Worth noting,
Turley involved a “claims-made policy” wherein the insured actually
tendered a demand for defense.
About The Author
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
Mark B. Houts is an associate
with the Edmonds Cole Law Firm
in Oklahoma City. Mr. Houts
graduated from the University of
Oklahoma College of Law in 2006,
where he served as articles editor
on the Oklahoma Law Review.
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
New Year, New Online Services
Provider for OBA/CLE
The OBA/CLE Department has
switched to a new online learning
platform through Peach New
Media. We are excited about the
opportunities that lie ahead for
online continuing legal education, and we think you will be
too. We know you will
be impressed by the ease
of use, quality of the
video and audio streaming, extra features and
• Easy to use
especially their 24/7
customer service and
• High-quality video and audio
technical support.
ings to the OBA Technology
Committee, it was agreed that
Peach’s core values focusing on
customer service, proven methodology and flexibility offers the
best fit for the future of our association management system.”
“We are thrilled to be
working with the Oklahoma Bar Association to
build on an already successful CLE program,”
said Peach Chief Executive David Will. “Together, OBA and Peach are
• 24/7 customer service and tech support
capable of providing
There are currently
• Accessible from any mobile device
excellent CLE topics
over 90 online programs
with incredibly easy-toavailable for purchase,
• Login at https://oba.peachnewmedia.com
use technology and
and we will have almost
using your email and pin. Your account
white-glove customer
200 plus electronic forms
has already been created!
service. Our user-friendand materials within the
ly, reliable and easy to
next 60 days, once the
use technology allows
transition from our previfor ubiquitous learning
ous provider is complete.
through mobile access and exceptionally easy-toWith 24/7 availability, you can easily meet your
view content.”
MCLE requirements whenever and wherever it is
convenient as long as you have either a computIf you are an OBA member, you already have
er, phone, iPad, Android or other device.
an account created. All you have to do is login at
https://oba.peachnewmedia.com using your
“I am excited about improving services to our
email address on file with the OBA and your
members,” OBA Director of Educational Promember pin as your password. If you need to
grams Susan Damron Krug said. “Over the past
check or update your email address, call 866-702year, we have spent countless hours evaluating
3278 (press 1 for customer support). We will keep
and comparing our existing services to other
you updated as new features become available.
third-party vendors. After presenting our find-
What’s in for you?
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
By John Morris Williams
Yes, change your calendars,
pay attention to how you date
things for a few days and ponder on the beginnings of a new
year. For some reason we seem
to like a lot of anniversaries in
our lives. New Year’s just happens to be the anniversary of
the earth making a rotation
around the sun. Funny, that
one particular day is set out as
the day of new beginnings —
the day of starting new traditions and ending bad habits.
Resolutions we call them.
Those high-minded, going to
lose 20 pounds, start going
to church or stop smoking —
ideas that sometimes stick
and often don’t.
So, I propose no specific resolutions this year. Simply, live
well, love often and give more
than you take. Now, I know
that in the grand scheme of
the practice of law this does
not seem germane. However, I
want to argue my case a bit.
Living well means not only
material wealth but also physical and mental well being.
Being “healthy, wealthy and
wise” has been a long-standing standard for living well. So
this year resolve to live well as
you may define that term. You
will find that upping the ante
on living well will probably
up the ante on time spent and
labor expended to increase
your living well index. In the
end you will form new habits
that will positively affect
everything else in your life.
Love often. If you have the
good fortune to love your
work, your family and your
friends, you are among the
luckiest people in the world.
As lawyers, it is rare that work
does not include people. Often
strangers coming through the
door with troubles and anxieties appear before your desk
seeking solutions and solace.
Some of these folks are easier
to love than others.
In 2014, live
well, love often
and give more than
you take.
Lawyers are among the rare
professions that at times have
people appointed to us. That
is, you have no choice; the
court says “here is your client.” These are often the poorest, least capable and oftentimes most despised people in
the community. If anyone
needs to be loved, it is these
folks. I hope that sometime in
2014 you have the good fortune to take under your wing
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
someone who needs your care
and compassion and that you
have the rich reward of doing
the thing that most drove you
to be a lawyer — helping other
Giving more than you take
is an old adage. It is sort of
like leaving the campsite in
better shape than you found it.
Good advice, but not the
whole enchilada. Giving more
than you take is good business. It is the act of protecting
and nurturing the systems that
sustain us. It is the essence of
the continuation of species,
both in the bigger sense and in
the professional sense. If we as
lawyers do not give back and
protect the systems that sustain us, there will not long be
any system that is worth sustaining.
As we begin this new year,
be mindful that we inherited a
great legal system that was
created and defended by the
blood, sweat and tears of those
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
who gave more than they got.
Some paid the ultimate sacrifice. Besides being selfish, failing to give back and help sustain our legal system will certainly in the long run affect
how well each of us lives. In
2014, pay attention to attacks
on the legal system, pay attention to needs of those who
cannot afford legal counsel
and lastly, do something so
that the system is better than
when you found it.
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
Okay, that was a bit of a sermon. However, 2014 (like
every other year) holds potential for both good and disaster.
I just am hopeful this year that
you resolve to live well, love
often and give back. Each of
these categories requires a
healthy body, mind and soul
to unite to get the best result.
Those are the same attributes
that sustain us during times of
disaster as well.
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
In 2014, live well, love often
and give more than you take.
If we each promise to do that
professionally and personally,
I am certain 2014 will be the
best year ever.
To contact Executive Director
Williams, email him at [email protected]
Adopting Mobile Technology
What Does that Mean for Today’s Lawyers?
By Jim Calloway
Two friends are having
lunch. One is a former client.
The other mentions a need to
retain a lawyer. Your satisfied
former client says that she
used you and recommends
you as a lawyer. Then she
picks up her phone, does a
quick search, locates your
website and texts the site to
the friend. The friend looks at
the information on her phone
for a moment and then they
go back to lunch. The text
message with the link remains
on her phone.
Someone has had to bail a
relative out of jail. As they
leave the bondsman’s office,
they are told there will be a
court appearance in a few
days and they will need to
hire a lawyer. They sit in the
car, discussing the situation.
Neither of them has ever
retained a lawyer before, nor
can they think of anyone that
they know who has. What
happens next? One of them
pulls out their phone, but not
to make a phone call — at
least not initially.
Those two scenarios illustrate how life works today —
not at some future time. The
ubiquity of Internet connected
smart phones has changed the
way we act and think about
things. How many former clients would actually still be
carrying your business card
months after the representation? And how many business
cards given out are retained
and carried by the recipient
anyway? It has been a long
time since two people sitting
in a car needing to find a local
lawyer (or any local business)
have thought that they need
to go locate a public telephone
that will hopefully have a telephone book.
The Internet has had a major
impact on business, creating
dot-com millionaires and
wrecking entire industries.
Mobile Internet access changes things even more. Lawyers
in private practice are in business and cannot afford to
ignore these trends.
According to a 2013 Nielsen
report, 94 percent of consumers in the U.S. have a mobile
phone, and the majority of
those phones are smartphones. Tablets have not
reached that level of market
saturation, but one market
research firm estimates that
tablet shipments will grow
from 121 million units in 2012
to 416 million units by 2017.
(Those statistics come courtesy
of Robert Ambrogi’s article
“As the World Goes Mobile Is
Your Marketing up to Speed?”
in Law Practice Magazine.1 It is
recommended reading as a
companion piece.)
The Internet has changed
our world. We have all developed an appetite for information on demand whether it is
street addresses, restaurant
reviews or in-depth research.
We are experiencing even
more changes because now all
of this wealth of information
is available at all times
through a mobile device.
Wondering about the exact
text of the Gettysburg Address
or the Fourth Amendment to
the United States Constitution? Just ask your phone.
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
It has been true for several
years now that, with a very
few exceptions, any lawyer in
private practice or law firm
should have a website and
would want to visit it periodically, just to make certain it is
still working correctly. It’s also
true that the smart lawyer will
enter her name (and law firm
name) into Google and/or
other search engines several
times a year just to see what
people looking for her will
find. In addition, trying a few
sample searches that someone
might use to find a lawyer
like you in your area could
be useful.
But now you need to try
those searches with your
phone (and tablet) to see what
the result is — and ask some
friends and employers who
use different phones to do the
same. Unless you have made
some conscious effort and
investment, you will likely
find that your website is not
very “mobile friendly.”
As the two opening illustrations point out, your website
does need to be mobile friendVol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
ly. Surely by now all of us
have had the experience of
opening a website on our
phone that is not mobile
friendly. The text will be very
tiny and sometimes you cannot even zoom in on the text
to make it readable on your
phone. A consumer who is
shopping for a law firm or
any other business on their
phone will quickly move on
to another website if this is
the case.
This is obviously an area
that is outside of the expertise
of most lawyers so the law
firm will have to get professional help. The balance of
this column will contain a
brief discussion of what you
need to know to have an intelligent conversation about this
topic with your website
Mobile friendly can mean a
lot of different things. First of
all, your site should be coded
using HTML5, the latest version of the HTML website
design language. HTML5 will
automatically adjust to the
browser and device. This is
one way of creating what web
designers call a responsive
website. The site recognizes
the screen size of the device
accessing it and adjusts
The challenge is that firms
really do not just want a
smaller version of the website
to appear on the phone. If you
look at any website you will
see that there are typically
buttons and navigation elements. But when these are all
displayed on a mobile device
in the exact same proportions
as on the website, it may be
impossible for a user on the
smart phone to easily use the
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
“shrunken” navigation elements. Designing a website
where the buttons are bigger
could make it look like it was
designed by a preschooler
when viewed on a computer,
with huge oversized buttons
dominating the design and little room for content. That may
be OK. See Readwrite.com
“On Mobile, Nobody Knows
You’re A Dog -Stop designing
separate experiences for
mobile and desktop. Bring
them together — and let
mobile win.”3
The next level of sophistication would be to have a separate mobile site. When a
mobile device is detected, the
user is forwarded to the
mobile site with a separate
address. Often this will be
indentified with the letter
“m,” as in m.nytimes.com.
This is the best and, of course,
most expensive solution. Larger businesses have done this
and we will continue to see a
lot more sites handling mobile
traffic in this way.
Should your law firm just
create an app?
It is a logical question. If
there’s going to be time,
money and effort spent to create a “mobile friendly” site,
why not just go all out and
create a law firm app? We’ve
all heard a lot about apps and
it would certainly be cool to
be able to tell your friends and
relatives that your law firm
has an app. But let’s face facts.
After you show off that app, it
would be challenging to get
those same friends and relatives to download and install
your app on their devices. If
you are interested in new client development, you want
them to become aware of you
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
and contact you for help with
their legal problems. Attempting to persuade a “shopper”
to install an app for more
information seems more cumbersome than helpful.
To persuade people to install
even a free app, it has to provide some benefit to them. An
app to share information with
existing clients might make
sense, but that will entail significant effort. An app that
performs the Oklahoma child
support calculations might
generate a lot of goodwill for
a family law firm. But
wouldn’t this be best done as
part of the law firm’s website
rather than as an app? (North
Carolina attorney Lee Rosen
has done this.)2 It would not
be wise for solo or small firm
lawyers to invest the financial
resources to create an app. So
for the vast majority of law
firms, an app does not seem to
make sense for marketing purposes. For those with an interest, there is a good discussion
of apps in the previously cited
article by Robert Ambrogi.
The Litigation Resource App
from Suffolk University Law
School’s Institute on Law
Practice Technology and Innovation is online at http://
www.masslitapp.com. This is
an app that is not really an
app in that you do not have
to install it on your mobile
device. But for a visual example of the topic of this column,
just open that site up on your
computer and then on your
smart phone to see. Some readers may want to bookmark the
site on their mobile device. The
links to local materials are Massachusetts materials, but this
app would give your phone
quick access to Federal Rules of
Civil Procedure, Federal Rules
of Criminal Procedure, Federal
Rules of Evidence, Federal Sentencing Guidelines and Federal
Rules of Bankruptcy Procedure.
It is certainly no surprise
that Suffolk’s Institute is on
the leading edge with products such as this. I have interviewed its director, Andrew
M. Perlman, on my podcast
and Professor Marc Lauritsen
has long been regarded as an
expert in document assembly
and law office automation.
The Institute recently
announced a new “major”
in legal technology and
It is easy for the busy lawyer
to become frustrated by all of
the technology issues associated with running a law practice. Practice management
software is needed. Software
seems to be too frequently
upgraded. Both the lawyers
and law firm staff likely need
more training on the tools
they currently use and it is
difficult to find time for
But it is also very clear that
we all are accessing the Internet more frequently via
mobile devices. So as the Yellow Pages and other traditional marketing tools fade from
lack of use, it is very important to make certain that people who are trying to locate a
lawyer via their smart phones
and other mobile devices are
able to do so. When they find
your law firm, you want them
to be able to view and use
your website.
A simple starting point is to
visit the law firm’s website on
various mobile devices and
see if the home page should
be designed more simply.
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
Google did just fine with a
very simple interface. What is
the most important element
that would help with mobile
marketing? A row of oversized buttons might not look
right, but one large button to
place a phone call to the law
firm is probably the best simple first step in making a law
firm website more mobile
Mr. Calloway is director of the
OBA Management Assistance
Program. Need a quick answer to
a tech problem or help resolving
a management dilemma?
Contact him at 405-416-7008,
800-522-8065 or [email protected]
It’s a free member benefit!
1. http://www.americanbar.org/publica
2. http://www.rosen.com/childcalculator/
3. http://readwrite.com/2013/12/20/mobiledesktop-divide-end-user-centric-design
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
What’s the Clients’ Security Fund?
By Gina Hendryx
Did you know that all 50
states, the District of Columbia
and several Canadian bar associations have funds similar to
Oklahoma’s Clients’ Security
Fund (CSF)? The rationale for
these funds as stated in the
ABA’s Model Rules for Lawyers’
Funds for Client Protection is:
“Despite the best attempts of
the legal profession to establish
high standards of ethics and
severe disciplinary sanction for
their breach, it is a fact that
some lawyers misappropriate
money from their clients. Typically, those lawyers lack the
financial wherewithal to make
restitution to their victims.”
The committee meets quarterly, considers the pending
claims and makes a recommendation for reimbursement at the
end of the calendar year to the
OBA Board of Governors.
Reimbursements are a matter of
grace, not right, and payment
is based upon an equitable
allocation related to the
amount of claims approved to
funds available for distribution. The CSF is a fund of last
resort for clients who cannot
recover money from other
sources, such as insurance, a
bonding company, the attorney involved or as a creditor
in a probate proceeding.
The organized bar associations throughout the country
have responded by creating
funds to provide reimbursement to these harmed clients.
In Oklahoma, the CSF was
established in 1965 by court
rules of the Oklahoma Supreme
In 2013, $100,450.01 was paid
to 21 clients. The chart details
the claims received, approved,
denied or continued and the
percent of approved claim
amounts paid for the past
four years.
Yearly, the OBA budget
includes $100,000 earmarked
for the CSF and paid from
member’s annual bar dues. The
purpose of the fund is to promote public confidence in the
administration of justice and
the integrity of the legal profession by reimbursing losses
caused by the dishonest conduct of persons practicing law
in the state of Oklahoma.
Claims are submitted to and
reviewed by the OBA Clients’
Security Fund Committee.
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
New claims
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
The committee is comprised
of 15 persons including nonlawyers. It has been chaired for
many years by attorney
Micheal Salem of Norman.
Mr. Salem, as well as the other
committee members, volunteer
countless hours reviewing and
investigating the submitted
claims. The committee’s work
is supported by the Office of
the General Counsel. Staff
members dedicate effort and
time substantiating the claims
by reviewing client files, court
dockets, pleadings, bank
records and witness statements.
If you know someone you
believe may have a loss that
would be covered by the CSF,
you may review FAQs and the
complete rules at http://goo.
gl/Bq7xeb or contact the Office
of the General Counsel at
Ms. Hendryx is the OBA
general counsel.
% of claims paid
Meeting Summaries
The Oklahoma Bar Association
Board of Governors met at the
Sheraton Hotel in Oklahoma
City as part of the OBA Annual
Meeting on Wednesday, Nov. 13,
President Stuart reported he
attended the October board
meeting in Oklahoma City,
Southern Conference of Bar
Presidents, OBA Diversity
Committee luncheon and
awards ceremony, 2014 budget
meeting, Annual Meeting
planning, Oklahoma House
of Representatives Judiciary
Committee Interim Study on
Judicial Reform meeting, Oklahoma Fellows of the American
Bar Foundation dinner in
Oklahoma City and Pottawatomie and Lincoln County
House of Delegate selection.
Vice President Caudle
reported he attended or participated in the Clients’ Security
Fund Committee meeting,
October board luncheon and
meeting, Comanche County
Bar Association CLE/luncheon, Oklahoma Fellows of
the American Bar Foundation
dinner in Oklahoma City,
phone conference with board
Christmas party subcommittee
members and Board of Editors
meeting. He reported invitations to the party are being
handed out at the board meeting, and he thanked subcom-
mittee members for their
planning assistance.
President-Elect DeMoss
reported she attended or participated in the Diversity Committee CLE seminar, luncheon
and awards ceremony, meetings on 2014 budget, Southern
Conference of Bar Presidents,
Audit Committee meeting,
Technology Committee meeting, Law Schools Committee
planning sessions, Litigation
Section planning sessions,
Tulsa County Bar Association
delegates meeting and 2014
events and programs planning. She said the Diversity
Committee event was well
attended and made a profit.
Past President Christensen
reported she participated in an
honor flight from Oklahoma
City to Washington, D.C., prepared and presented at the
Oklahoma House of Representatives Judiciary Committee
Interim Study on Judicial
Reform meeting, worked on
a law-related education flier
addressing judicial reform and
made a presentation at the
Annual Meeting to the OBA
Leadership Academy. She
attended the Southern Conference of Bar Presidents, Budget
Committee meeting, Lawyers
Helping Lawyers Committee
meeting and foundation meeting, swearing in of Judge Thad
Balkman, Least Understood
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
Branch Campaign training
scheduled by President-Elect
DeMoss and Oklahoma Fellows of the American Bar
Foundation reception and
Executive Director Williams
reported he participated in the
Southern Conference of Bar
Presidents meeting in Oklahoma City and presented a
50-year membership pin in
Guymon. He attended Sovereign Citizen Training in Woodward, staff meeting for Annual
Meeting, directors meeting,
Investment Committee meeting, Technology Committee
meeting, Lawyers Helping
Lawyers Assistance Program
Committee meeting, meetings
with President-Elect DeMoss,
Diversity Committee luncheon, ABA IOLTA luncheon,
Oklahoma House of Representatives Judiciary Committee
Interim Study on Judicial
Reform meeting and preconvention meeting at the
hotel for Annual Meeting.
Governor Drummond
reported he attended the October board meeting and has
been busy preparing to chair
the Legal Ethics Advisory
Panel special meeting on cloud
computing. Governor Farris
reported he attended the Tulsa
County Bar Association longrange planning meeting,
TCBA/OBA delegate meeting,
TCBA Mentor Committee
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
meeting and TCBA judicial
reception at the TU law school.
Governor Gifford reported he
attended the October Board of
Governors luncheon and meeting and Oklahoma County Bar
Association board of directors
meeting. He presented a CLE
as a part of Judge Gary Lumpkin’s panel at “Movie Night
with the Justices: A Few Good
Men.” Governor Hays reported she participated in OBA
Family Law Section Annual
Meeting planning, Board of
Governors Christmas party
planning and conducted the
Women in Law Committee
meeting. She attended the
October Board of Governors
meeting in Oklahoma City,
OBA Family Law Section
monthly meeting for which
she prepared and presented
the budget report, OBA Professionalism Committee meeting
for which she prepared the
minutes, Tulsa County Bar
Association board of directors
meeting at which she presented
a report on Board of Governors
activities, TCBA delegate/alternate meeting and TCBA judicial/legislative reception at TU.
Governor Meyers reported he
attended the October Board of
Governors meeting, Investment Committee meeting,
Budget Committee meeting for
2014 and Comanche County
Bar Association meeting.
Governor Pappas reported
she attended the October
Board of Governors meeting
and worked on the board’s
Christmas party. Governor
Parrott reported she attended
the Oklahoma County Bar
Association delegate meeting
to hear a presentation for the
House of Delegates and the
training session for the Least
Understood Branch Campaign
regarding proposed changes in
judicial selection and term limits. Governor Smith reported
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
he attended the October Board
of Governors meeting. Governor Stevens reported he
attended the October Board of
Governors meeting, November
Cleveland County Bar Association meeting and board
Christmas party subcommittee
meeting. Governor Thomas
reported she attended the
October board meeting, October Washington County Bar
Association meeting and judicial reform training at the
Oklahoma Bar Center. She
also participated in the
Budget Committee meeting
by telephone.
President Stuart reported a
hearing regarding a study on
judicial reform was held Oct.
31 at the State Capitol, which
he attended along with Executive Director Williams and
Past President Christensen,
who made a presentation.
President Stuart and Past
President Christensen shared
details about what took place
at the hearing. Executive
Director Williams reviewed
the history of the OBA’s support of The Missouri Plan in
1967. President-Elect DeMoss
shared her plans for next year.
The Communications Department was asked to send a
newspaper clipping report
on articles about the Judicial
Nominating Committee to the
Board of Governors each
Justice Kauger reported Past
President Christensen gave a
wonderful presentation at the
judicial reform hearing. She
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
reported a new judicial brochure titled “Oklahoma Judicial Review” is now online at
www.oscn.net and is currently
at the printer. She said 124
people attended the movie
night CLE showing of A Few
Good Men, and Judge Lewis
will be moderating the panel
discussion following A Miracle
on 34th Street on Dec. 10. She
also reported the Supreme
Court recently issued an order
exempting members of the
OBA Board of Governors,
Professional Responsibility
Tribunal and Professional
Responsibility Commission
from MCLE requirements.
Governor Hays reported the
Family Law Section invites
board members to its hospitality suite at Annual Meeting.
She said the Women in Law
Committee is holding meetand-greet events in Oklahoma
City and Tulsa as a way to
engage younger women. She
reported the Law Day Committee is already working on
the TV show for 2014, and the
Professionalism Committee
has started planning a symposium for next year.
General Counsel Hendryx
reported written status reports
of the PRC and OBA disciplinary matters for October 2013
were submitted for the board’s
Copies of the proposed budget were handed out. President-Elect DeMoss reported
expenses were projected to be
about $200,000 below 2013.
She said departments worked
hard to reduce their budgets.
She reviewed plans for her
presidential initiative. Discussion followed. The board
voted to amend the proposed
budget initiative line item with
an increase to $40,000. It was
pointed out that the change to
the new membership database
system will increase significantly annual licensing expenses.
Administration Director Combs
has put together a reference
guide with details about budget
items to better educate board
members about OBA finances.
The board approved the proposed 2014 budget as amended.
Executive Director Williams
briefed board members that
OBA members have received
FedEx postage/freight discounts offered by broker
Meridian One. FedEx recently
terminated its agreement with
Meridian One, which has
switched to a partnership with
UPS and offers OBA members
similar discounts. The board
ratified its email vote to
approve the agreement with
Meridian One for member
discounts on UPS services.
President Stuart reviewed
the programming and events
that took place at the conference hosted by the OBA that
was held Oct. 17-19 in Oklahoma City. He and Executive
Director Williams received
rave reviews from attendees
on its success.
The board voted to go into
executive session, met and
voted to come out of executive
The board approved a onetime supplemental payment to
OBA employee Debbie Brink.
The Oklahoma Bar Association
Board of Governors met at the
Oklahoma Bar Center in Oklahoma City on Friday, Dec. 13,
Delegates meeting, presented
an OBA award at the OU College of Law luncheon, presented the OBA 2014 budget to the
Supreme Court, participated
in 2014 planning meetings and
made OBA appointments.
President Stuart reported he
helped plan Annual Meeting
events, presided over the General Assembly, presented at the
TU alumni luncheon, presided
at the OBA annual luncheon
and worked on various OBA
matters including transition
and judicial independence.
Past President Christensen,
unable to attend the meeting,
reported via email that she
attended the OBA Annual
Meeting, November board
meeting, Oklahoma County
Bar Association holiday party,
Federalist Society meeting in
Tulsa and 2014 planning with
President-Elect DeMoss. She
presented an OBA award at
the OCU School of Law luncheon, made a presentation
to the Leadership Class,
researched legislative efforts
for changes in judicial selection in Oklahoma and other
states and planned the has
beens dinner.
Vice President Caudle
reported he attended the
annual November OBA convention, November Board of
Governors meeting, November
Board of Editors meeting and
monthly Comanche County
Bar Association CLE and luncheon. He coordinated the
board’s Christmas party with
assistance from subcommittee
members and Administration
Director Craig Combs, prepared the Oklahoma Bar Foundation article for the January
2014 Oklahoma Bar Journal and
presented the Oklahoma Bar
Foundation scholarships at the
annual OCU School of Law
President-Elect DeMoss
reported she attended the OBA
Annual Meeting, November
board meeting, Tulsa County
Bar Association holiday party,
Section Leaders Council meeting, Litigation Section meeting
and OBF reception. She served
as a TCBA delegate at the OBA
House of Delegates meeting,
presided over the House of
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
Executive Director Williams
reported he attended the
Annual Meeting, Federalist
Society meeting in Tulsa, staff
holiday lunch, staff directors
meetings, budget hearing at
the Supreme Court, staff planning meeting on the website
and planning conferences with
President-Elect DeMoss.
Governor Drummond
reported he attended the
Annual Meeting, Criminal
Law Section luncheon and
awards ceremony, and Military and Veterans Law Section
meeting. He chaired the Legal
Ethics Advisory Panel meeting
and presented a one-hour
ethics CLE to the Cleveland
County Bar Association.
Governor Farris reported he
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
attended the OBA Annual
Meeting, November board
meeting, TU Law School luncheon at the OBA Annual
Meeting, Tulsa County Bar
Association board meeting
and TCBA holiday dinner
party. He served as a TCBA
delegate at the OBA House of
Delegates meeting. Governor
Gifford, unable to attend the
meeting, reported via email
that he attended the OBA
Annual Meeting, November
board meeting, OBA Criminal
Law Section meeting, ABA
training on the Least Understood Branch, Criminal Law
Section luncheon and awards
ceremony and Federal Bar
Association’s Holloway lecture. He also chaired the Military and Veterans Law Section
meeting and was the keynote
speaker for the ABA’s Oklahoma Fellows dinner. Governor
Hays reported she attended
the OBA Annual Meeting at
which she participated in CLE
and events. She also attended
the November board meeting,
OBA Family Law Section
annual meeting, OBF reception
and ABA Least Understood
Branch training. She assisted
with the FLS meeting and hospitality suite, served as Tulsa
County Bar Association delegate at the OBA House of Delegates meeting, assisted with
the Board of Governors Christmas party planning and communicated with OBA FLS
leadership regarding end-ofyear activities and planning
for 2014. Governor Jackson
reported he attended the Garfield County Bar Association
meeting and county bar
Christmas party. Governor
Meyers reported he attended
the OBA Annual Meeting,
November board meeting,
Comanche County Bar Association meeting, OU Law School
luncheon and Reimbursement
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
Policy Recommendation Committee meeting. Governor
Pappas reported she attended
the November board meeting,
OBA Annual Meeting, Section
Leaders Council meeting and
Family Law Section meeting.
She made Board of Governors
Christmas party invitations
and worked on Christmas decorations for the party. Governor Parrott reported she
attended OBA Annual Meeting
events, including the November board meeting, Law
Schools Committee meeting,
OCU Law School annual luncheon, OBA annual luncheon,
evening social events, president’s breakfast, OBF reception and the ABA training for
the Least Understood Branch
Campaign. She served as an
Oklahoma County Bar Association delegate to the OBA
House of Delegates. Governor
Smith reported he attended
the OBA Annual Meeting,
November board meeting and
House of Delegates. Governor
Stevens reported he attended
the November board meeting,
OBA Annual Meeting, House
of Delegates and ABA judicial
independence training. He
also volunteered at a Yellow
Ribbon event for the Oklahoma Lawyers for America’s
Heroes program. Governor
Thomas reported she attended
judicial independence training
and the November Board of
Governors meeting. At the
OBA Annual Meeting, she
served on the Credential Committee, chaired the Tellers
Committee, attended the TU
Law School luncheon, General
Assembly and House of Delegates, serving as the delegate
from Washington County.
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
Governor Hays reported the
Women in Law Committee
held meet-and-greet events in
Oklahoma City and Tulsa and
the Family Law Section met at
the bar center during Annual
Meeting. The section meeting
was well attended, and 25 new
members joined the section.
Governor Drummond reported the Legal Ethics Advisory
Panel met during Annual
Meeting and said the panel
has decided to stay with the
old numbering system for
opinions and the cloud computing opinion should be out
early in 2014. He noted Ethics
Counsel Travis Pickens has
helped make ethics opinions
more accessible to bar members via the website. Executive
Director Williams reported the
Section Leaders Council met at
Annual Meeting and representatives were excited about
their sponsored Thursday
evening event. The new event
was well attended and worth
repeating. He said one section
wants to invest more money
in the event next year.
Governor Vorndran reported
the division devoted a great
deal of its energy to the statewide Day of Service project,
had a great Annual Meeting
and was looking forward to
next year.
Clients’ Security Fund Committee Chairperson Micheal
Salem reported the committee
considered 41 claims and
recommends 21 be paid for a
pro-rated total of $100,449.99,
which is the annual allocation
of $100,000 plus interest available for disbursement. Mr.
Salem reported the fund did
receive some payments of restitution this year. The board
approved the committee’s recommendation for payments
and approved the distribution
of a news release approved by
President Stuart and Chairperson Salem. Mr. Salem praised
General Counsel Hendryx and
General Counsel staff member
Manni Arzola for their assistance in aiding the committee
in its work.
Written status reports of the
PRC and OBA disciplinary
matters for November 2013
were submitted for the board’s
review. In the absence of General Counsel Hendryx, who
was attending the PRC meeting, Executive Director Williams reported the department
had been interviewing candidates for an investigator
position, which should be
filled soon.
President-Elect DeMoss
reported the subcommittee
had reviewed many state bar
association reimbursement
policies as part of its research.
The subcommittee recommends the policy be amended
to allow Board of Governors
officers traveling to out-ofstate meetings to be allowed
a $200 per diem to be reimbursed for expenses. Reimbursement for spouse expenses
would be eliminated. Staff travel to out-of-state meetings
would be changed to allow
up to $90/day per diem with
receipts required. The board
approved the amendments recommended by the Reimbursement Policy Subcommittee.
Executive Director Williams
reported the Law-related Education Department has $1,500
in iCivics program funds that
it requests be carried over to
2014. The board approved the
carryover of funds. Executive
Director Williams said the
Communications Committee
already has a revolving
account established and is
requesting that excess funds
from this year be carried over
to 2014. The board approved
the carryover of funds. Executive Director Williams reported the Diversity Committee
has excess funds from its CLE
seminar/awards luncheon and
asks for permission to carry
over its excess funds. The
board approved the carryover
of the committee funds.
Governor Hays explained
the council is requesting the
addition of an Oklahoma Bar
Foundation liaison, who
would not be a voting member. The board approved the
bylaws amendment.
The board approved the following appointments as recommended by President-Elect
Professional Responsibility
Commission – Reappoint
Angela Ailes Bahm, Oklahoma
City and William R. Grimm,
Tulsa, terms expire 12/31/16.
Oklahoma Indian Legal Services – Reappoint Diane Hammons, Tahlequah, term expires
Board of Editors – Reappoint
Melissa DeLacerda, Stillwater,
as chairperson, term expires
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
12/31/14; reappoint Judge
Allen Welch, Oklahoma City,
District 3, and appoint Leslie
Taylor, Ada, District 8, as associate editors, terms expire
Clients’ Security Fund –
Reappoint Micheal Salem,
Norman, as chairperson, and
William Brett Willis, Oklahoma City, as vice chairperson,
terms expire 12/31/14. Attorney members – Reappoint
Robbie Emery Burke, Tulsa,
and Peggy Stockwell, Norman;
appoint Cesar Tavares, Tulsa,
terms expire 12/31/16. Reappoint Robert H. Sunday, CPA,
Eufaula, as a lay member, term
expires 12/31/16.
MCLE Commission –
Reappoint Jack Brown, Tulsa,
as chairperson, term expires
12/31/14; reappoint Dan
Sprouse, Pauls Valley, Molly
Aspan, Tulsa, and W. Mark
Hixson, Yukon, as members,
terms expire 12/31/16.
President-Elect DeMoss presented a list of bar members
she has appointed to committee leadership positions.
YLD Chair-Elect Kaleb Hennigh presented a list of YLD
members he has appointed
to serve as liaisons to OBA
President-Elect DeMoss
announced the following
Audit Committee – Appoint
Doug Jackson, Enid, as chairperson, term expires 12/31/14.
Appoint as members Jim Stuart, Shawnee, and Susan
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
Shields, Oklahoma City, terms
expire 12/31/14; Richard Stevens, Norman, and Renée
DeMoss, Tulsa, terms expire
12/31/15; and John Kinslow,
Lawton, term expires
Board of Medicolegal Investigations – Reappoint Thomas
A. Mortensen, Tulsa, term
expires 12/31/14.
Investment Committee –
Reappoint Joe Crosthwait,
Midwest City, as chairperson,
and appoint Kendra Robben,
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
Oklahoma City, as vice chairperson, terms expire 12/31/14;
reappoint Joe Crosthwait,
Midwest City; Bob Farris,
Tulsa; Susan Shields, Oklahoma City; and Kendra Robben,
Oklahoma City, as members,
terms expire 12/31/16.
Legal Ethics Advisory Panel
– Appoint Steven Balman,
Tulsa, as panel coordinator,
term expires 12/31/14; reappoint Jim Drummond, Norman, and James R. Waldo,
Oklahoma City, as Oklahoma
City panel members, terms
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
expire 12/31/16; and reappoint Jon Prather, Tulsa; Steve
Balman, Tulsa; and David Butler, Enid, as Tulsa panel members, terms expire 12/31/16.
The Board of Governors met
on Saturday, Jan. 11, 2014, at
the Sheraton Hotel in Oklahoma City. A summary of those
actions will be published after
the minutes are approved. The
next board meeting will be at
10 a.m. Friday, Feb. 28, at the
Oklahoma Bar Center.
Hurdles Your Oklahoma Bar
Foundation Faces in 2014 and Beyond
By Dietmar K. Caudle
The Oklahoma Bar Foundation is a nonprofit 501(c)(3)
founded in 1946 by lawyer
members of the Oklahoma Bar
Association. The OBF mission
is to provide annual support
for the promotion of justice,
fund critical legal services
and provide advancement and
better understanding of the
law for all Oklahomans. The
OBF is the charitable arm of the
Oklahoma Bar Association. The
OBF’s offices are located on the
second floor of the Oklahoma
Bar Center. Over the years, the
OBF has granted awards in
excess of $10 million. At least
100,000 Oklahomans were
affected by OBF grant awards
in 2013 alone.
The OBF consists of a
26-member Board of Trustees.
Of these, 21 are trustees from
around the state elected to
three-year staggered terms. The
five remaining trustees are the
foundation’s immediate past
president, OBA president,
OBA president-elect, OBA
executive director and a representative of the Young
Lawyers Division.
Your 2014 OBF Trustees
represent all 77 counties
across our great state. Their
experience and energy will
be severely tested to guide
the OBF through a most difficult financial year. The past
two years, specifically,
reminded us that the anemic
economy directly affects
donations, which directly
affect law-related services
we are able to fund. The economic decline has resulted in
deep cuts in IOLTA receipts
and fewer cy pres awards.
The OBF grant funding was
cut back by more than
$125,000 in 2012 and again
in 2013.
(continued on next page)
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
Meet the 2014 OBF
Dietmar K. Caudle will lead the
Oklahoma Bar Foundation in a most
critical year for the third oldest state
bar foundation in the nation.
Mr. Caudle practices law as a sole
practitioner in
Lawton. His original staff has been
assisting him
since he first
opened his law
office in 1980. His
practice has an
emphasis on domestic relations, criminal and civil litigation. He is currently
an associate editor of the Oklahoma
Bar Journal, a longtime member of
the OBA Clients’ Security Fund Committee and served as the 2013 Oklahoma Bar Association vice president.
He was the Comanche County Bar
president in 2004 and received the
county bar’s Professionalism Award in
2011. He has served on the OBA Professional Responsibility Tribunal and
Professionalism Committee, and has
chaired the Military Assistance Committee and Lawyer Referral Tasks
Force. He is a an OBF Benefactor
Fellow and a member of the American
Bar Foundation Oklahoma Fellows. His
knowledge of nonprofit organizations
and financial background has been
enhanced by previous service to local
community boards and coordination
of fundraising campaigns, which will
all serve to enrich his leadership role
with the Oklahoma Bar Foundation as
president during 2014.
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
The good news is that
there is an answer and a
positive response for this
decline. The answer can be
made very simple. There is a
saying that “you cannot give
until you are asked.” A proposed strategic plan will be
reimplemented to reverse the
recent disturbing trends:
OBA Family Law Section
and The Garrett Law Center
of Tulsa are the most recent
Community Fellows at the
Patron level, the highest
level of support.
•We must increase the
number of individual
OBF Fellows (our OBA
membership exceeds 17,000
and the current number of
OBF fellows is 1,665).
•We must upgrade the
current giving level of
Fellows where applicable.
(620 paid Fellows are currently
available for upgrade to Sustaining or Benefactor Fellows)
•Increase the number of
Community Fellows from
organizations and groups
(current members are the OBA
Family Law Section and The
Garrett Law Center of Tulsa).
The above-stated goals
should easily be ascertainable
since it involves fellow practitioners. Our OBF product is
marketable and every lawyer’s
pride is on the line. I ask you,
“Is there a better way to promote our legal profession than
to show our lawyers’ generosity which transforms lives for
the better?”
The more difficult reimplementation of the proposed 2014
Strategic Plan assuring continued OBF revenue must come
in the following areas:
•IOLTA ACCOUNTS: Oklahoma was the first state in
the nation to implement
mandatory IOLTA accounts
during 2004 after many
years without change to
national IOLTA programs.
Interest rates banks pay are
not regulated and are subVol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
ject to change at any time.
This revenue source is critical to your OBF and its
endeavor to honor grant
awards each year. Your
Board of Trustees will
attempt to enlist the assistance of the ABA IOLTA
Commission, the OBA,
Legal Aid and others to
reverse this trend of shifting
IOLTA interest rates payable
on lawyers’ trust accounts.
Your assistance with your
bank rates is needed.
OBF must again become a
major player in the enlistment of cy pres awards and
champion access to justice
for all Oklahomans. The
OBF message should be
enhanced by virtue of our
previous court grant fund
awards and the good work
being accomplished.
The OBF has made tremendous recent strides to get
the new program going.
Community Fellows can be
IOLTA banks, businesses,
corporations, law firms,
county bar associations,
OBA sections and committees and other friends and
supporters of justice. The
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
FOUNDATIONS: Recruitment of other charitable
foundations that will make
the OBF their charitable
choice of giving shall be
pursued. All Oklahoma
lawyers are encouraged to
deliver our OBF mission,
“Lawyers Transforming
are a video-addicted society.
Two-thirds of us would prefer to receive information
via video as opposed to
reading. YouTube averages
four billion views per day
— the message here is clear.
The OBF must continue to
use social media to broadcast its message. Our mission remains as it always
had been, to be the charitable heart of the OBA and of
all Oklahoma lawyers. In
2014, the OBF will initiate
and present a video story
which will allow lawyers
and law firms, Fellows, our
Community Fellows and the
public to readily view how
the OBF has and will continue to transform lives by the
stories of its grantees. Peerto-peer communication is a
tried-and-true method that
never fails and we encourage all lawyers to help by
telling our story.
I submit that these strategies
are not all new. Reimplementation, commitment and dedication are old school, but essential for our OBF to survive. We
cannot receive if we don’t ask.
In closing, it is important to
recognize the 2014 Board of
Trustees. These lawyers dedicate their time, energy and talents to keep our OBF viable.
The Executive Committee consists of President Dietmar K.
Caudle, Lawton; PresidentElect Jack L. Brown, Tulsa; Vice
President Judge Millie E. Otey,
Tulsa; Secretary/Treasurer
Kevin R. Donelson, Oklahoma
City; and Past President Susan
B. Shields, Oklahoma City.
Other members of the 2014
Board of Trustees are: Steven L.
Barghols, Oklahoma City; A.
Gabriel Bass, Oklahoma City;
Stephen D. Beam, Weatherford;
Tanya A. Bryant, Oklahoma
City; Brett D. Cable, McAlester;
Jennifer M. Castillo, Oklahoma
City; Guy P. Clark, Ponca City;
Dean Valerie Couch, Oklahoma
City; OBA President Renée
DeMoss, Tulsa; Amber Peckio
Garrett, Tulsa; Deanna Hartley
Kelso, Ada; Brandon P. Long,
Oklahoma City; G. Patrick
O’Hara Jr., Edmond; David A.
Poarch Jr., Norman; Briana J.
Ross, Tulsa; Kara I. Smith,
Oklahoma City; Donna L.
Smith, Vinita; Alan Souter,
Tulsa; Jeffrey D. Trevillion,
Oklahoma City; Roy D. Tucker,
Muskogee and John Morris
Williams, Oklahoma City.
The OBF staff consists of our
29-year tenured Executive
Director Nancy Norsworthy,
executive assistant Jessi Hesami
and OBF and IOLTA administrative assistant Deb Holt.
Mr. Caudle can be reached at
[email protected]
Please join the OBF.
Oklahoma Bar Foundation staff members are available to answer any
OBF-related questions at 405-416-7070 or www.okbarfoundation.org.
(From left): Executive assistant Jessi Hesami, Executive Director Nancy
Norsworthy and OBF and IOLTA administrative assistant Deb Holt.
OBF Staff Duties
OBF staff duties are multi-faceted with a wide variety of
duties, which include:
• Responsible for the daily
operation of the foundation
• Maintains investment and books
of account
• Compiles reports and works
• Administers and maintains
with auditors and other financial
IOLTA membership and financial
• Works directly with IOLTA banks • Coordinates grant applications,
meetings, payments, grant
and the OBA membership
reporting and follow up as well
• Maintains Fellow membership
as help and support to grantee
records and pledge payments,
organizations throughout
including the new Community
the year
Fellow program
• Works with other nonprofit
• Provides reports and support
groups and outside organizato the 26-member Board of
tions; represents OBF at various
Trustees and works directly
outside events
with the executive committee
• Responsible for OBF website
• Coordinates meetings and
updates and communication
board and committee materials
• Provides support to the board
• Provides help and support to
in fundraising efforts
the OBA membership wherever
• Maintains expenditure and
income records of the
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
Community Service and Public
Education to be YLD Goals
By Kaleb Hennigh
In any business, association
or program it is important that
the leadership of the organization maintain and create a
vision to work toward and set
tangible goals to ensure that
success is accomplished. The
OBA Young Lawyers Division
maintains a vision of commitment to serve not only the
Oklahoma Bar Association,
but also the communities that
attorneys throughout this state
live and work. Service is
something that the OBA YLD
commits itself to every year. It
is my goal to focus the incoming leadership within the YLD
on continuing this commitment to community service
and public education.
President DeMoss has made
it a priority and has committed herself and the Board of
Governors to protecting the
integrity of our court system
during her time at the helm of
our organization. The YLD
will work side by side with
President DeMoss throughout
this year in assisting with
increasing the public’s understanding of the unique role
Oklahoma’s court system
plays and the importance of
a fair and impartial judiciary.
As young lawyers we understand the importance of the
judicial branch of our democratic governing system in
interpreting and applying our
laws and know that a fair and
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
impartial judiciary is essential
to democracy.
The YLD Board of Directors,
who have committed themselves to serving the YLD this
upcoming year, are a fine
group of professionals that I
am looking forward to working with as we maintain the
vision of community service
and our commitment to public
education. (continued on next page)
Kaleb Hennigh
Kaleb Hennigh, Enid
District 5
Erin Means, Moore
Chair Elect
LeAnne McGill, Edmond
District 6
Rachel Gusman, Tulsa
Amber Garrett, Tulsa
Tim Rogers, Tulsa
Bryon Will, Oklahoma City
Matt Mickle, Durant
Immediate Past Chair
Joe Vorndran, Shawnee
District 1
Aaron Pembleton,
District 2
Blake Lynch, McAlester
District 3
Bryon Will, Oklahoma City
Lane Neal, Oklahoma City
Faye Rodgers, Edmond
District 4
Dustin Conner, Enid
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
District 7
District 8
Brandi Nowakowski,
District 9
Grant Sheperd, Lawton
At Large
Christa Evans, Oklahoma
Sarah Stewart, Oklahoma City
Eric A. Davis, Oklahoma City
Justin Meek, Oklahoma City
At Large Rural
Matt Mickle, Durant
Nathan Richter, Mustang
Most importantly, I want to
encourage all young lawyers
to get active and involved this
year. Most of you know this,
but any member of the OBA
who has been first admitted to
the practice of law in the past
10 years is automatically considered a YLD member,
regardless of age.
I want to personally encourage all members of this division to find a way to get
involved with the bar association this year. Whether you
can volunteer time to assist in
preparing and distributing bar
exam survival kits to those
taking the bar exam, finding
time to speak to a classroom of
high school seniors to inform
them of the legal ramifications
of turning 18 years old, volunteering to serve on a committee or making it to any of our
monthly board meetings to
contribute your thoughts or
ideas, I want you to know that
you are more than welcome
and encouraged to get
involved. Learn more about
the division and all of its proj-
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
ects by visiting the YLD
webpage on www.okbar.org.
Also, be sure to like us on
I look forward to representing the YLD this year, and I
appreciate the opportunity to
serve this division throughout
2014. The YLD will continue
our commitment to service
and education.
Mr. Hennigh practices in
Enid and serves as the YLD
chairperson. He can be contacted
at [email protected]
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
Jan. 25, 2014 - OBA Legislative Reading Day
The Oklahoma Legislature reconvenes next month, and
hundreds of bills have been pre-filed. Much of that proposed legislation could affect the administration of justice,
and some will undoubtedly affect your practice. Join us at
10 a.m. on Saturday, Jan. 25, 2014 at the Oklahoma Bar
Center as we identify top bills of interest to the OBA
and your practice area. Lunch will be provided. RSVP to
OBA Executive Director John Morris Williams, [email protected]
okbar.org, if you’d like to attend.
Save the Date - OBA Day at the Capitol
March 25
Oklahoma lawyers, let your voices be heard! OBA will
host its annual Day at the Capitol on Tuesday, March 25.
Registration begins at 10 a.m. at the Oklahoma Bar Center, 1901 N. Lincoln Blvd., and the agenda will feature
speakers commenting on legislation affecting various
practice areas. We also will have remarks from the judiciary and bar leaders and lunch will be provided before
we go over to the capitol for the afternoon. Check
www.okbar.org for more updates.
Community Service Kudos
New Member Benefit – Discounted UPS Shipping
Crowe & Dunlevy attorneys and
staff in the firm’s Tulsa office
recently assembled 30 baskets and
20 stockings full of donations for
Tulsa Court Appointed Special
Advocates (CASA). Tulsa CASA
is a nonprofit organization that
recruits, trains and supervises quality volunteer advocates to speak for
the best interests of abused and
neglected children in the dependency court system. The group serves
Tulsa and Pawnee Counties. Participating are (from left) Brett Liles,
associate; Julie Balman, secretary;
Gary McSpadden, director; and
Ann Ashley, secretary.
The OBA announces the UPS Savings Program for our
members. This member benefit helps our members improve their bottom
line with some of the most competitive rates available on shipping services with UPS. Enroll and save up to 34 percent on a broad portfolio of
shipping services. Whether you need your documents or packages to
arrive the next day or are looking for the most affordable shipping
option, UPS understands how important reliability, speed and cost are
to meeting your business goals and your customers’ needs. To enroll and
start saving today, visit savewithups.com/oba or call 1-800-MEMBERS
(1-800-636-2377), M-F, 7 a.m. – 5 p.m. Existing accounts may also benefit
from this program.
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
Free Discussion Groups
Available to OBA Members
“Compassion Fatigue” will be the
topic of the Feb. 6 meetings of the
Lawyers Helping Lawyers discussion groups in Oklahoma City and
Tulsa. Each meeting, always the
first Thursday of each month, is
facilitated by committee members
and a licensed mental health professional. In Oklahoma City, the
group meets from 6 – 7:30 p.m. at
the office of Tom Cummings, 701
N.W. 13th Street. The Tulsa meeting
time is 7 – 8:30 p.m. at the TU
College of Law, John Rogers Hall, 3120 E. 4th Place, Room 206. There is no cost to attend and
snacks will be provided. RSVPs to Kim Reber, [email protected], are encouraged to
ensure there is food for all.
OBA Member Resignations
The following members have
resigned as members of the
association and notice is hereby
given of such resignation:
Marni Lefkowitz Ahram
OBA No. 22424
American Red Cross Office of
General Counsel
2025 E. Street, N.W., NE9-049
Washington, DC 20006
Aspiring Writers Take Note
We want to feature your work on “The Back Page.”
Submit articles related to the practice of law, or send
us something humorous, transforming or intriguing.
Poetry is an option too. Send submissions no more
than two double-spaced pages (or 1 1/4 singlespaced pages) to OBA Communications Director
Carol Manning, [email protected]
Cathy Jean Arrowsmith
OBA No. 18009
2612 E. 88th St., Apt. 6
Tulsa, OK 74137
Christopher Loran Coyle
OBA No. 1979
501 Wooden Deer Road
Carbondale, CO 81623
Marni Lefkowitz Ahram
OBA No. 22424
American Red Cross Office
of General Counsel
2025 E. Street, N.W., NE9-049
Washington, DC 20006
Cathy Jean Arrowsmith
OBA No. 18009
2612 E. 88th St., Apt. 6
Tulsa, OK 74137
Christopher Loran Coyle
OBA No. 1979
501 Wooden Deer Road
Carbondale, CO 81623
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
Andrew David
OBA No. 17900
12639 Old Tesson Rd.,
Ste. 115
St. Louis, MO 63128
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
Pickerill has been
appointed by Gov. Mary
Fallin as associate district
judge for Pawnee County,
replacing Judge Matthew
Henry who resigned. Judge
Pickerill began his service
as judge in December.
he National Judicial College awarded a certificate
in Judicial Development for
General Jurisdiction to Judge
Richard D. Osburn. Judge
Osburn is the district judge
for the Mille Lacs Band of
Ojibwe located in Onamia,
Minn. Judge Osburn graduated from the OU College of
Law in 2000.
alter Jenny of Edmond
has been elected president of the Edmond Neighborhood Alliance for 2014.
mily D. Campbell of
Dunlap Codding has been
named to The University of
Oklahoma’s College of Engineering Industrial & Systems
Engineering Advisory Board.
rowe & Dunlevy recently
named director Kent
Meyers as chair of the firm’s
alternative dispute resolution
business and litigation practice group. Attorneys in the
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
practice group focus on class
action matters, intellectual
property and family practice
dispute resolutions.
Kevin Ikenberry recently
. became chief legal
officer for Independent
Opportunities Inc., a provider of community-based
residential support services
for persons with developmental disabilities. He can be
reached at IOI’s corporate
offices at 6202 S. Lewis Ave.,
Suite P, Tulsa, 74136 or by
phone at 918-744-5067.
att Panach has joined
Fuller, Tubb, Bickford
and Krahl PLLC as a partner.
Mr. Panach’s civil litigation
practice focuses on labor and
employment, agricultural,
construction, oil and gas and
commercial law as well as
personal injury. He also
assists clients with workplace
investigations, policy review
and management training. He
graduated from the University of Arkansas School of Law
and joined the Oklahoma bar
in 2008.
Dunagan Gau anJanna
nounces the relocation of
The Gau Law Firm to 101
East Hurd, Suite A in
Edmond. Ms. Gau is a 1997
graduate of the TU College of
Law. She will continue to
practice in the areas of commercial litigation, construction defect litigation and general business and corporate
law. In addition, Ms. Gau will
continue to provide mediation services in commercial
and employment law matters.
The firm’s mailing address is
P.O. Box 183, Edmond, 73083.
The firm’s telephone number
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
is 405-705-0002 and fax number is 405-705-0004.
he law firm of Norman
Wohlgemuth Chandler &
Jeter announces that Ryan A.
Ray has been named a shareholder and director in the
firm. Mr. Ray joined the firm
in 2008, and his practice consists of litigation in state and
federal courts.
hillips Murrah announces
Rodney L. Cook has
joined the firm as an of counsel attorney. Mr. Cook’s practice focuses on tort litigation
with an emphasis on product
liability, warranty, insurance
and fraternity law. Prior to
joining the firm, he was director of the Jennings Cook &
Teague law firm in Oklahoma
City and adjunct law professor at the OU College of Law.
He received his undergraduate and law degrees from OU.
cAfee & Taft announce
that trial lawyers Todd
Woolery and Jodi C. Cole
have joined the firm. Mr.
Woolery’s practice includes
matters affecting the energy
industry including disputes
involving oilfield and industrial pollution, bodily injury,
property damage, surface
damages and class actions.
He holds two degrees from
OU, a J.D. and an undergraduate degree in environmental
geography. Ms. Cole’s practice includes the representation of oil and gas exploration
and production companies in
class action royalty lawsuits
as well as disputes involving
surface damages, pollution
and other environmental
issues, quiet title, lease cancellation, bodily injury,
property damage and materialmen’s and mehanic’s liens.
She holds a bachelor’s degree
in business administration
from Henderson State University and a J.D. from OCU.
racy W. Robinett, Charles
R. Swartz and Jacob W.
Aycock announce the establishment of Robinett Law
Firm. Mr. Robinett and Mr.
Swartz will continue their
work in commercial litigation
and business transactions.
Mr. Aycock will continue his
work in domestic relation
matters. The firm will office
at 624 S. Boston Ave., Suite
900, Tulsa, 74119 and can be
contacted at 918-592-3699.
oerner, Saunders, Daniel
& Anderson has named
Kristen Brightmire to the
firm’s executive committee.
Ms. Brightmire’s practice
includes employment and
labor law, litigation and arbitration and mediation. The
firm also announces Matthew
Christensen has been named
partner in the firm. He practices primarily in the areas of
real estate and corporate/
onner & Winters
announces Crystal A.
Johnson, Heidi M. Nichols,
David S. Randolph and Elizabeth G. Zeiders have
become partners at the firm.
Ms. Johnson concentrates her
practice on commercial litigation and graduated from the
University of Arkansas School
of Law in 2007. Ms. Nichols
focuses her practice on litigation and holds a J.D. from St.
Louis University. Mr. Rudolph practices in the firm’s
corporate group in Tulsa with
an emphasis on banking and
finance and mergers and
acquisitions. He holds a J.D.
from TU. Ms. Zeiders practices in the areas of commercial
real estate transactions, mergers and acquisitions, corporate services and banking.
She earned a J.D. from TU.
& Jones PC
announces three attorneys,
Whitney Mackey Eschenheimer, Stephanie Dinsmore
Phipps and Gauri D. Nautiyal have new positions in the
firm. Ms. Eschenheimer has
been made a shareholder in
the firm’s litigation group.
Her practice focuses on catastrophic injury, transportation
and business litigation and
bad faith and insurance disputes. Ms. Phipps is of counsel with the firm. She focuses
her practice on insurance
defense, nursing home
defense, products liability,
employment and labor law,
business litigation, corporate
law and appellate advocacy.
Ms. Nautiyal has joined the
firm as an associate in the litigation group. She graduated
from the OU College of Law
in 2013 and was named outstanding law student by the
National Association of
Women Lawyers.
he Kennedy Law Firm
announces the opening of
its new offices located at 1107
NW 26th St., Oklahoma City,
73106. The firm will continue
to offer a broad range of services, with a focus on civil litigation. The firm can be
reached by phone at 405-7788820, fax at 405-778-8822 or
e-mail at [email protected]
cAfee & Taft have
named eight new shareholders in the firm; Mark H.
Allen, Jody Warmbrod Dishman, J. Barrett Ellis, Roberta
Browning Fields, Maria E.
Gonzalez, Alison Patel,
Keith E. Peters and Sharolyn
C. Whiting-Ralston. Mr.
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
Allen’s practice focuses on
mergers, acquisitions, divestitures, corporate structuring,
tax planning, financing and
other complex business transactions. Ms. Warmbrod Dishman is a trial attorney whose
practice spans numerous
industries, including energy
and oil and gas, hospitals and
health care systems, waste
management, insurance and
financial, sports and retail.
Mr. Ellis is a banking and corporate attorney who advises
corporate and financial institution clients, with a particular
emphasis on finance transactions and regulatory compliance. Ms. Fields is a trial attorney who practice focuses on
representation of employers
in all areas of employment
law. Ms. Gonzalez is an aviation attorney whose practice
primarily focuses on aircraft
transactions and aircraft title
and registration matters. Ms.
Patel is an ERISA attorney
with experience in a range of
employee benefits and executive compensation matters,
including in corporate mergers and acquisitions. Mr.
Peters is a tax attorney whose
practice focuses on general
tax planning, structuring
business transactions, estate
planning and federal and
state tax disputes. Ms. Whiting-Ralston is a trial lawyer
whose practice focuses on
labor and employment law
as well as general civil and
business litigation.
ableGotwals announces
Paul Rossler and Greg
Metcalfe have been named
shareholders in the firm. Mr.
Rossler’s practice focuses on
intellectual property and
engineering. Prior to joining
the firm, Mr. Metcalfe served
eight years as assistant attorney general and focuses his
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
practice on litigation and
ichael L. Mullins, Tracey D. Martinez, Jamie
K. Sexton and Ryan J. Reaves
announce the formation and
opening of their law firm,
Mullins Martinez Sexton &
Reaves PC. The attorneys formerly practiced with the law
firm of Mullins, Hirsch,
Edwards, Heath, White &
Martinez PC. The group will
continue to focus its practice
in the area of family law with
an emphasis on matters
involving valuation and division of substantial marital
estates, complex business
evaluation, high income support issues, custody litigation,
appellate work and preparation of prenuptial agreements.
The new firm is located in the
Waterford Complex at 6307
Waterford Blvd., Suite 215,
Oklahoma City, 73118
and can be reached at
405-235-2335 or on the web
at www.mmsrlaw.com.
rowe & Dunlevy announced that Vicki
Behenna, a former federal
prosecutor, has joined the
firm’s Oklahoma City office
as a director. Behenna’s practice will focus on white collar
compliance, government relations and healthcare. Ms.
Behenna was a federal prosecutor in the U.S. Attorney’s
Office for the Western District
of Oklahoma for over 25
years before she joined
the firm.
unlap Codding announces that former legal
intern Elizabeth E. Lauderback has been named an
associate at the firm. Ms. Lauderback practices in the areas
of patent prosecution, trade-
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
marks, copyrights, entertainment law and Internet law as
well as licensing, transactional and litigation matters. She
recently graduated from
Oklahoma City University
School of Law.
elli Stump presented
“Navigating the Immigration Law Waters” and
“Ensuring a Smooth Course:
Review of Best Practices
Before the Immigration
Court” at the 16th Annual
American Immigration Lawyers Association New York
Chapter Immigration Law
Symposium in December.
Calvin Sharpe of Phillips Murrah presented
“Civility Matters” along with
Judge Patricia Parrish, Bill
Grimm, Dan Fulluo and
James Jennings. The presentation was part of the OBA
Annual Meeting and aimed at
educating lawyers on the ethics of civility in a courtroom
Wayne Cooper of the
firm Doerner, Saunders, Daniel & Anderson LLP
spoke on engineering business law at a seminar on engineering law held in Tulsa
Douglas Stump presented “Advanced Practice
Tips for Provisional Waivers
and Traditional Unlawful
Presence Waivers” and “Hot
Topics, Legislative and
Administrative Updates” at
the American Immigration
Lawyers Association Conference in Anaheim, Calif.,
recently. Mr. Stump also
spoke on legislative developments and presented an article on processing I-601 waivers at the December 2013
New York Annual Conference
on Immigration Law.
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
arvin A. Isaacs spoke on
closing arguments at the
Bob Chaloupka Trial Skills
Seminar held in Scottsbluff,
Neb., on Nov. 15, 2013.
How to place an announcement: The Oklahoma Bar Journal
welcomes short articles or
news items about OBA members and upcoming meetings.
If you are an OBA member and
you’ve moved, become a partner, hired an associate, taken
on a partner, received a promotion or an award, or given a
talk or speech with statewide
or national stature, we’d like
to hear from you. Sections,
committees, and county bar
associations are encouraged
to submit short stories about
upcoming or recent activities.
Honors bestowed by other
publications (e.g., Super Lawyers, Best Lawyers, etc.) will not
be accepted as announcements
(Oklahoma-based publications
are the exception.) Information
selected for publication is
printed at no cost, subject to
editing, and printed as space
Submit news items via email to:
Jarrod Beckstrom
Communications Dept.
Oklahoma Bar Association
[email protected]
Articles for the Feb. 15 issue
must be received by Jan. 21.
uth Ann Box of Aurora,
Colo., died Jan. 2, 2014.
She was born Jan. 24, 1953,
she earned an OU journalism
degree in 1976 and graduated
from the OU College of Law
in 1982 after working as a
journalist for a number of
years in Oklahoma City. She
focused her practice on real
estate law before moving to
Dallas where she worked for
Lawyers Title Insurance. She
was general counsel for two
nutrition companies before
selling her interest and moving to Colorado where she
worked for American Title
Insurance until her retirement.
eorge Warren Flippo of
Tulsa died Nov. 27, 2013.
He was born Aug. 5, 1945,
and graduated from the TU
College of Law in 1972.
C. Jennings of Tulsa
died Dec. 8, 2013. He was
born Nov. 3, 1930, in Whizbang in Osage County. He
graduated with a degree in
banking and finance from
Oklahoma A&M College in
1951. He served in the U.S.
Army during the Korean conflict. After receiving his discharge he received his J.D.
from TU in 1958. After practicing law in Tulsa he was
elected in 1967 as a district
judge, serving Tulsa County
for 28 years. He was a 33rd
Degree Mason, receiving a
50-year recognition in 2010
and member of the supreme
council in Washington, D.C.
He was an adjunct professor
at TU and served on the
administrative board of Boston Avenue Methodist
Church. Memorial contributions may be made to Boston
Avenue Television Ministry,
1301 S. Boston Ave, Tulsa, OK
ayne Lowell Johnson of
Edmond died June 28,
2012. Born March 28, 1934, in
Marysville, Calif., he earned
his J.D. from the University of
Denver after serving in the
U.S. Army during the Korean
conflict. He was an Oklahoma
assistant attorney general until
his retirement in early 2012.
D. “Dale” McDoulett Jr.
of Tulsa died Nov. 28,
2013. He graduated from
Duncan High School in 1963
and went to OU to earn his
B.B.A. and J.D. degrees,
attaining the latter in 1970.
Upon graduation, he moved
to Tulsa and joined the law
firm of Holliman, Langholz,
Runnels and Dorwart and
became a partner in 1975. In
1976 he joined Falcon Coal
Co. in Lexington, Ky., as vice
president. Diamond Shamrock
Oil Co. merged with Falcon
and Dale was moved to Dallas in 1981 first as director of
planning and development,
then as the president of their
new international oil unit. In
1992 he became president and
CEO of North American Platinum and Palladium Mining
Co. He retired in 1996. In his
retirement he was CFO of a
small cement testing equipment business. He served as a
trustee of the University of
Oklahoma Foundation and he
also served on the Bank of
Oklahoma Board of Directors.
Memorial contributions can
be made to the University of
Oklahoma Foundation, 100
Timberdell Rd., Norman,
OK 73019 or Yellowstone
onica E. McKnight of
Vienna, Va., died Sept. 3,
2013. Born May 17, 1942, she
graduated from the OU Col-
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
lege of Law in 1976. Memorial
contributions can be made to
the American Cancer Society.
arianne Holland Michel
of Wilmette, Ill., died
Aug. 1, 2012. She was born
Sept. 30, 1941, in Leland,
Iowa. She graduated from
Forest City High School in
1959 and went on to earn a
B.S. in chemistry from Iowa
State University in 1962. She
was a researcher at the Ames
Lab, Penick & Ford, Washington University and Minnesota
Valley Testing Labs. She
earned her J.D. from the University of Iowa at age 49. She
then worked as a patent attorney for Phillips Petroleum
Co., Chevron and Pioneer
Hi-Bred International. She
was an avid traveler and
visited all seven continents.
Memorial contributions can
be made to the Marianne
Michel Holland Fund, Chase
Bank, Attn: Brian Kolb,
1200 Central Ave., Wilmette,
IL 60091.
iram Keith Myers Jr. of
Edmond died July 9,
2013. He was born Sept. 10,
1931, in Utica, Mo. He joined
the U.S. Navy at the age of 16
and after his service, earned a
bachelor’s degree from Central Michigan University and
a law degree from TU. He
was admitted to the Oklahoma bar in 1964. During his 35year career as a trial lawyer,
he practiced from his firms in
Hollis and Altus. He also ran
on the Democratic ticket as a
candidate for the U. S. Congress. He served on the
boards of Western Oklahoma
State College in Altus, the
American Civil Liberties
Union of Oklahoma and the
Channing Unitarian Church
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
in Edmond. Upon his retirement from law, he began his
career as an author. He published In Pursuit of the Speckled
Gumball and Corkscrewed, two
of three volumes of his memoirs. His other books include
Malachi’s Child and The Baptism of Vincent Scarlotti.
Memorial contributions can
be made to the ACLU of
Oklahoma or the Channing
Unitarian Church of Edmond.
urtis Allan Parks of Tulsa
died Dec. 18, 2013. He
was born Sep. 6, 1942, in
Tulsa. He received a degree in
business administration and
his J.D. from TU in 1967.
While at TU he was a member
of the Sigma Chi fraternity.
He founded the Parks &
Beard Law Firm along with
his friend Michael Beard. Mr.
Parks was an avid sportsman
and enjoyed hunting and fishing with friends and his dogs.
David “Dave” Roberts of
Oklahoma City died Jan.
6, 2014. He was born Sep. 26,
1946, in Bartlesville. He
received his undergraduate
degree in 1968 from OU and
his J.D. from the OU College
of Law in 1971. During all
three years of law school he
worked for the law firm Rinehart, Cooper and Stewart in
Oklahoma City. Two years
later he formed his own practice with a lifelong friend, and
the two practiced law for 25
years. Mr. Roberts then
worked as a solo practitioner
until his death. He served as
chairman of the Oklahoma
Board of Bar Examiners. He
was a past president of the
Quail Creek Golf and Country
Club and a member of the
Oklahoma City Golf and
Country Club. He also served
on the vestry of All Souls’
Episcopal Church and on the
board of the American Heart
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
Association and other civic
organizations. Memorial contributions may be made to the
Bone Marrow Transplant
Research Fund, Washington
University Division of Oncology, Box 8007, Attention: Robert Barczewski, 660 Euclid
Avenue, St. Louis, MO 63110.
ichael Edward Schmidt
of Dallas died Jan. 2,
2014. He was born April 8,
1966, and attended Highland
Park High School in Dallas
before receiving a B.A. from
Southern Methodist University. He earned an M.B.A. and
J.D. from OCU in 1992 and
joined his father at the
Schmidt Firm LLP. He served
on the Texas Trial Lawyers
Association board. He was a
member of the Highland Park
Presbyterian Church, the
American Association for Justice and the International
Society of Barristers. Memorial contributions can be made
in Mr. Schmidt’s name to the
Baylor Health Care System
Foundation, Gift of Life Fund
for Celebrating Women, 3600
Gaston Ave., Suite 100, Dallas,
TX 75246 or the Highland
Park Presbyterian Church.
obert Sterling Settles of
Antlers died Dec. 17, 2013.
He was born Nov. 26, 1947, in
Big Springs, Texas. He graduated with a degree in industrial engineering from OSU in
1971. He was honored as the
top ROTC cadet. After graduation he did a tour of duty as
an officer with the U.S.
Army, including airborne
ranger training and a brief
period of service under Gen.
Colin Powell. He was a member of the U.S. Army for 30
years and retired from the
U.S. Army Reserves as a colonel. He received his J.D.
from OU in 1977. He began
practicing law in 1978 in
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
Antlers. He was active in his
community as a member of
the Chamber of Commerce,
Lion’s Club, Pushmata Bar
Association and school board.
He was a member of the First
United Methodist Church.
ouston Shirley of Glenpool died Dec. 12, 2013.
He was born Jan. 8, 1946, in
Tulsa, where he attended
Tulsa Central High School. He
received his B.A. from OU in
1968. He served in the U.S.
Army as a first lieutenant,
information officer for the
1st and 4th Armored Division. He earned his J.D. from
TU in 1974. He was an attorney for 39 years, practicing in
Houston before owning his
own practice in Bixby and
Glenpool. He served as a
Supreme Court of Muscogee
(Creek) Nation justice for 13
years, including service as
chief justice. He was a member of Bixby First United
Methodist Church, the Bixby
Historical Society and a 32nd
degree Mason. Memorial contributions may be made to the
Texas Scottish Rite Hospital
for Children, 2222 Welborn
St., Dallas, TX 75219.
Romig Smith of ShawJohn
nee died Feb. 19, 2013. Born
May 15, 1930, he graduated
from Classen High School in
1948 and served in the U.S.
Navy during the Korean conflict before attending OU
where he graduated in 1956.
He earned his J.D. from the
OU College of Law in 1959.
He was a founding member
and president of the Oklahoma Criminal Defense Lawyers
Association and served as a
prosecutor in the City of Valley Brook. He coached little
league, loved to play golf and,
an Eagle Scout himself, was
also a scout leader.
ewey Witt Stark Jr. of
Dallas died July 22, 2013.
Born Oct. 19, 1928, in Bearden,
Ark., he graduated from
Ouachita Baptist University in
1950. He served as first lieutenant in the U.S. Army for
two years in Germany. He
returned home and graduated
from the University of Arkansas School of Law in 1956.
Following that, he moved to
Tulsa where he served as
assistant city attorney and
had a private law practice. In
1975, he was appointed as an
administrative law judge and
served in that capacity in Dallas until his retirement in
2005. He served for many
years as a Bible teacher and
deacon at the First Baptist
Church of Tulsa and the First
Baptist Church of Dallas.
Memorial contributions can
be made to the Chinese Ministry at First Baptist Church,
Dallas; Young Life, North
Central Texas; or the Covenant School of Dallas.
tan Twardy of Edmond
died July 20, 2012. He was
born Dec. 27, 1927. He served
in the armed corps in Italy
during World War II. He
served as an intelligence analyst and interpreter in the
office of the U.S. special representative in Europe before
becoming a journalist for several newspapers and managing editor of the Oklahoma
Courier, a statewide diocesan
newspaper. Later, he became
chief of information for the
nuclear energy division of
General Electric in San Jose,
Calif., and speech writer for
top management of Standard
Oil (Amoco) in Chicago. Stan
earned his J.D. and master’s
degree in law from John Marshall Law School in Chicago.
He served as assistant U.S.
attorney for the Western District of Oklahoma, and later
went into private practice
focusing on civil law. Stan
also represented Tinker Air
Force Base and received the
U.S. Air Force medal “For
Selfless Sacrifice.” Stan’s hobbies were keeping informed of
world affairs and animal photography. Memorials gifts
may be sent to Sister Barbara
Joseph’s Pantry, 819 NW 4th,
Oklahoma City, OK 73103.
illiam Aciel Wilbanks
of Independence, Kan.,
died Nov. 20, 2013. Born Jan.
14, 1935, in Tulsa, he earned
his B.A. and J.D. from TU,
graduating law school in
1965. He was also a graduate
of the FBI National Academy.
He was captain of the Tulsa
Police Department and
became head of the police
academy. In his retirement, he
taught criminal law at TU and
Tulsa Community College.
inda Brackins Willett of
Pasadena, Calif., died July
29, 2013. She was born March
4, 1945, in Tulsa. She earned
her undergraduate degree at
TU, her J.D. from TU in 1976
and an M.A. from the University of Nebraska. She taught
at the University of Arkansas
and Ohio Northern University
law schools and at Southwestern Law School in Los Angeles. She served as president of
the Women Lawyers Association of Los Angeles. She
served on the women’s committee for the Pasadena Symphony and was a board member of Hathaway Sycamores,
an organization that helps
children and families in need.
She was also a founding
member of the legal support
network for Amnesty International. She enjoyed music,
including the opera and sym-
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
phony, hiking in Rocky
Mountain National Park and
traveling to new places.
Memorial contributions may
be made to the Pasadena
Symphony, 2 N. Lake Ave,
Pasadena, CA 91101 or
Hathaway Sycamores,
210 S. De Lacey Ave., Pasadena, CA 91105.
urton Clark Wood of
Washington, D.C., died
May 9, 2010. He was born
Dec. 27, 1923, in Oklahoma
City. He attended OU and
after his junior year, he joined
the U.S. Army, graduated
officer candidate school and
became a 2nd lieutenant in
the infantry serving during
World War II and after as
part of the occupation. He
returned to OU and finished
his B.A and proceeded to
attend Harvard Law School,
graduating in 1950. After a
stint with the Oklahoma City
law firm of Embry, Johnson,
Crowe & Tolbert, he became
chief of staff for Oklahoma
Congressman John Jarman in
Washington, D.C. After leaving the congressman’s office
he worked for the National
Association of Homebuilders
and the Federal Housing
Administration. His final job
was with the Mortgage Bankers Association. For many
years he was a senior vicepresident in charge of legislative affairs. He remained with
the MBA for 33 years until his
death. He was an active participant in civic affairs, was a
supporter of the arts in the
district and a generous
contributor to charitable
organizations. Memorial
contributions may be made
to the Washington Home,
The Washington National
Opera or to an entity of the
donors choice.
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
OBA 1995 President
James Duke Logan
ames Duke Logan, 82, attorney and
longtime resident of Vinita, died Dec. 22,
2013, at Heartsworth Center for Nursing
and Rehabilitation. An accomplished trial
lawyer for more than 50 years, Duke Logan
was founding partner of the Vinita law firm,
Logan and Lowry LLP. Among professionals,
family and friends, he was known for his
tenacious work ethic, caustic wit and skilled
command of the English language. This was
evident in the courtroom, at the dinner table,
and in his professional and personal correspondence, which he often illustrated with
caricatures of himself and others.
Mr. Logan was born on Feb. 4, 1931, in Norman and attended school there until his high
school graduation. In 1949, he attended OU
and joined the Sigma Chi fraternity. After
graduating from OU with a B.A. degree, he
earned his J.D. from the OU College of Law,
while working nights as a policeman for the
Norman Police Department. At OU, he met
the love of his life, Dorothy Darrough. The
couple married in 1953. They soon moved to
Vinita where Mr. Logan established his law
practice in 1955.
There, he served on the board of directors
of First National Bank & Trust of Vinita, First
National Bank of Chelsea and the Vinita
School Board. For many years he acted as
attorney for the City of Vinita, and as general
counsel for the Grand River Dam Authority
and Northeast Oklahoma Electric Cooperative. He was a member and former president
of the Craig County Bar Association and a
founding member and director of Cattlemen’s
Life Insurance Company.
In 1995, Mr. Logan was elected Oklahoma
Bar Association president. Following his term
of office, Gov. Brad Henry appointed him as
chairman and member of the Oklahoma
Council on Judicial Complaints. He served in
this capacity for 10 years and as general
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
counsel for the state agency for six years. He
was a fellow of the American College of Trial
Lawyers, American Bar Foundation, and the
Oklahoma Bar Foundation. He also served on
the board of the Oklahoma Historical Society.
A multi-talented individual, he took pleasure in painting, sculpting, woodcarving and
furniture making. For a time, he owned a private plane, and was known to “buzz” the
homes of neighbors and friends. A proud
yellow dog Democrat, he relished political
discourse and jokes, often at the expense of
his Republican family and friends. He was
a diehard Sooner fan, avid quail hunter
and trout fisherman who enjoyed spending
many wonderful summers with his wife
at their cabin in Colorado. In his later years,
he enjoyed long drives on his ranch west
of Vinita.
He is preceded in death by wife, Dorothy
Darrough Logan; parents, Dr. and Mrs.
Leonard M. Logan Jr.; and brother Leonard
M. Logan III. He is survived by his brother,
Kuyk Logan of Houston; children, Elizabeth “Liz” Logan, Leonard M. Logan IV,
and Mary Logan Wolf of Vinita, and James
“Jay” Duke Logan II of Ozark, Ark.; grandsons John Seidenberger and James Seidenberger of Vinita; and many loving nieces
and nephews.
Memorial contributions may be sent to
Craig County Salvation Army, 224 W.
Sequoyah Ave., Vinita, OK, 74301.
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
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Reorganization and Bankruptcy * SBA/Bank required.
Dual Certified by NACVA and IBA, experienced, reliable, established in 1982. Travel engagements accepted.
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Free consultation. Resolutions to all types of tax problems. Our clients never meet with the IRS. The Law
Office of Travis W. Watkins PC. 405-607-1192 ext. 112;
918-877-2794; 800-721-7054 24 hrs. www.taxhelpok.com.
NON-PRODUCING Minerals; ORRI; O & G Interests.
Please contact: Patrick Cowan, CPL, CSW Corporation,
P.O. Box 21655, Oklahoma City, OK 73156-1655; 405755-7200; Fax 405-755-5555; email: [email protected]
Appeals and litigation support
Expert research and writing by a veteran generalist
who thrives on variety. Virtually any subject or any
type of project, large or small. NANCY K. ANDERSON, 405-682-9554, [email protected]
Creative. Clear. Concise.
litigation. Backed by established firm. Neil D. Van
Dalsem, Taylor, Ryan, Schmidt, Van Dalsem & Williams PC, 918-749-5566, [email protected]
Exclusive research & writing. Highest quality: trial and
appellate, state and federal, admitted and practiced
U.S. Supreme Court. Over 20 published opinions with
numerous reversals on certiorari. MaryGaye LeBoeuf
405-728-9925, [email protected]
Fitzgerald Economic and Business Consulting
Economic Damages, Lost Profits, Analysis, Business/
Pension Valuations, Employment, Discrimination,
Divorce, Wrongful Discharge, Vocational Assessment,
Life Care Plans, Medical Records Review, Oil and Gas
Law and Damages. National, Experience. Call Patrick
Fitzgerald. 405-919-2312.
highest rating and with 30+ years’ experience on both
sides of the table is available for strategic planning,
legal research and writing in all state and federal trial
and appellate courts and administrative agencies.
Admitted and practiced before the United States
Supreme Court. Janice M. Dansby, 405-833-2813,
[email protected]
Want To Purchase Minerals AND OTHER
OIL/GAS INTERESTS. Send details to: P.O. Box 13557,
Denver, CO 80201.
Litigation support, embezzlement and fraud investigations, expert witness testimony, accounting
irregularities, independent determination of loss, due
diligence, asset verification. 30+ years investigative
and financial analysis experience. Contact
Darrel James, CPA, [email protected] or
Dale McDaniel, CPA, [email protected]l.com,
INSURANCE EXPERT - Michael Sapourn has been
qualified in federal and state courts as an expert in the
Insurance Agent’s Standard of Care, policy interpretation and claims administration. An active member of
the Florida Bar, he spent 30 years as an Insurance agent
and adjuster. He is a member of the National Alliance
faculty, a leading provider of education to agents. Call
321-537-3175. CV at InsuranceExpertWitnessUS.com.
Expert witness, tree appraisals, reports,
damage assessments, herbicide damage, hazard
assessments, all of Oklahoma and beyond.
Certified arborist, OSU horticulture alumni,
23 years in business. [email protected];
rankings 1995 Overall. Utah ranked 1st, Oklahoma
42nd http://www.americashealthrankings.org/OKUT/1995. Learn how to live healthy. Contact Choate
Water Engineering , 209 East Broadway Avenue, Seminole, 74868, 405-382-8883, [email protected]
25 Years in business with over 20,000 cases. Experienced in
automobile, truck, railroad, motorcycle, and construction zone
accidents for plaintiffs or defendants. OKC Police Dept. 22
years. Investigator or supervisor of more than 16,000 accidents.
Jim G. Jackson & Associates Edmond, OK 405-348-7930
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
LUXURY OFFICE SPACE – One office available for
lease in the Esperanza Office Park near NW 150th and
May in OKC. Fully furnished reception area, receptionist, conference room, complete kitchen, fax, high-speed
internet, building security, free parking, $870 per
month. Please call 405-285-8118.
CITY. Fully furnished with all bills and secretarial service included, copier, fax, Internet and conference
rooms. Rates range from $750-$1500/mo. Call Lauren
for details at 405-605-2375.
• Downtown Tulsa • Month to month leases starting at
$360.00 • One block south of courthouse • Phones and
WIFI internet available • Multiple conference rooms •
Reception area, kitchen, restrooms, copy area • Easy
parking • Conference room leasing by the day! $50-$75
• Call: Pat Huether, MoreLaw Suites 918-398-5678 or
[email protected] Stop by: 624 S. Denver #300.
month Downtown OKC. Private Suites available. Executive Suites @ 100 Park Ave. A couple of blocks from
the courthouses, minutes from the Capitol, directly
across from Skirvin. Fully turnkey. Short-term leases
available, daily rental for conference rooms also available. Call Tatum for details. 405-231-0909.
OFFICE SHARE WANTED – Solo oil & gas seeks office
share in OKC/Norman metro. Require experienced
personnel supporting oil and gas title and Corporation
Commission work. Require high speed internet. Low
maintenance tenant; but seeking quality workspace.
Send office address and contact information in confidence to: [email protected]
CITY LAW FIRM seeks senior legal assistant or paralegal with 5 years’ experience establishing new entities
and operating agreements for transactional matters.
Firm provides a salary commensurate with experience,
a benefit package and bonus opportunity. Applications
will be kept in the strictest confidence. Please send résumé to: DeBee Gilchrist, 100 North Broadway, Suite
1500, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73102. Attention: Human Resources.
COMMISSION is in need of two attorneys to serve as
law clerks to the Commissioners. These are full time
paid positions with state benefits. This is an ideal opportunity for a recent graduate or lawyer with 0-2 years
experience. Submit résumé and writing sample to [email protected], or mail to 1915 N. Stiles Ave,
Oklahoma City, 73105. Positions close Jan. 31, 2014.
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
a division of the Oklahoma
Department of Human Services
Announcement 14-M001U
CHILD SUPPORT SERVICES is seeking a full-time
attorney for our Tulsa West CSS Office located at 440
S Houston, STE 401, Tulsa, OK 74127. The position
involves negotiation with other attorneys and customers as well as preparation and trial of cases in
child support hearings in district and administrative
courts and the direction of staff in the preparation of
legal documents. In addition, the successful candidate will help establish partnership networks and
participate in community outreach activities within
the service area in an effort to educate others regarding our services and their beneficial impact on families. Position will provide recommendations and advice on policies and programs in furtherance of
strategic goals. In depth knowledge of family law related to paternity establishment, child support, and
medical support matters is preferred. Preference may
also be given to candidates who live in or are willing
to relocate to the service area.
Active membership in the Oklahoma Bar Association is required. This position has alternate hiring
levels. The beginning salary is at least $40,255.08 annually with an outstanding benefits package including health & dental insurance, paid leave & retirement. Interested individuals must send a cover letter
noting announcement number 14-M001U, a DHS Application (Form 11PE012E), résumé, three reference letters, and a copy of current OBA card to: Department of
Human Services, Human Resource Management Division, Box 25352, Oklahoma City, OK 73125 or email the
same to [email protected] OKDHS Application (Form
11PE012E) may found at http://www.okdhs.org/
library/forms/hrmd. Applications must be received
no earlier than 8:00 am on January 17, 2014, and no
later than 5:00 pm on February 6, 2014. For additional
information about this job opportunity, please email
[email protected]
COMMISSION is accepting applications from interested persons to serve as Administrative Law Judges.
Candidates must have been licensed to practice law for
at least three years and have at least three years experience in workers’ compensation prior to appointment.
Applications will be accepted until 5:00p Friday, January 24, 2014, for positions to begin on or after February
1, 2014. ALJs are full time employees with state benefits. Some travel will be required. Application forms
may be downloaded from www.owcc.state.ok.us. Submit application form, résumé, and writing sample to
[email protected], or mail to 1915 N. Stiles
Ave, Oklahoma City, 73105.
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
to 7 years of experience and demonstrated excellent research and writing skills. Competitive salary commensurate with experience. Send résumé to “Box Y,” Oklahoma Bar Association, PO Box 53036; Oklahoma City,
OK 73152.
GREEN, L.L.P. is seeking an experienced legal assistant
for an opening in the Tulsa office. We are seeking an
individual who has good computer and organizational
abilities, excellent interpersonal skills and is detail
oriented. Mortgage litigation and insurance defense
experience preferred but not required. Please submit
résumés by email to [email protected]
has an opening for an energetic individual with a tax
LLM or CPA background to work with senior attorney
in the areas of tax planning, tax controversies, business
startups, and estate planning. Apply in confidence
with résumé and writing samples or case citations to
[email protected]
OKC LAW FIRM, is seeking a paralegal with 7+ years
of experience in corporate, business entities, business
transactions and litigation. Advanced Word skills, including document comparison and document management system experience are required. Excellent organizational skills are a must. A paralegal certificate is
preferred. Andrews Davis offers a great work environment and competitive compensation and benefit package. Qualified applicants may email their résumé to
[email protected] No phone calls, please.
KRAETTLI Q. EPPERSON. Available as an expert consultant and/or witness for litigation or appeals on Real
Estate Title matters. Over thirty years of experience in
title examination and title litigation. OCU Adjunct Law
Professor teaching Oklahoma Land Titles since 1982.
OBA Real Property Law Section Title Examination
Standards Committee Chair since 1992. General Editor
of Vernon’s Oklahoma Forms 2d: Real Estate. Interested in unusual and complex title issues. Over 200 papers presented or published on real estate and oil/gas
matters, especially title issues. Visit www.Epperson
Law.com, & contact me at [email protected] or
FIRM seeks attorney with 3-5 years’ experience in
transactional matters and background in accounting.
An advanced degree in accounting or CPA is preferred.
Bonus opportunity is available and salary is commensurate with experience. Applications will be kept in the
strictest confidence. Please send résumé to: DeBee Gilchrist, 100 North Broadway, Suite 1500, Oklahoma City,
Oklahoma 73102. Attention: Human Resources.
seeks an experienced personal injury and Workers
Compensation paralegal with at least 3 years experience in Oklahoma City. Please submit résumé and salary requirements to “Box Q,” Oklahoma Bar Association, PO Box 53036, Oklahoma City, OK 73152.
experienced OFFICE MANAGER. Must have experience with payroll, A/P and A/R, billing, employment
records, HR matters, bank reconciliations, financial
statement preparation for outside CPA, and general office management. Need to be proficient in Timeslips,
QuickBooks, Word and Excel. Salary commensurate
with experience. Send résumé including references to
“Box J,” Oklahoma Bar Association, P.O. Box 53036,
Oklahoma City, OK 73152.
AN AV RATED OKLAHOMA CITY FIRM, seeks an associate attorney with 1-3 years’ experience. Excellent
research and writing skills essential. Deposition experience a plus. The attorney will work with partners on
insurance defense, medical malpractice and products
liability cases. Health insurance and other benefits included. Résumé, transcript and writing sample are required. Please send your résumé, writing sample and
transcripts to: Denise J. Abston, Office Administrator:
[email protected]
THE OKLAHOMA TAX COMMISSION, LEGAL DIVISION seeks an attorney for an opening in its OKC office, Protests/Litigation Section. Applicants must be licensed to practice law in Oklahoma. 0-5 years’
experience preferred. Submit résumé and writing sample to Abby Dillsaver, Deputy General Counsel, 120 N.
Robinson, Suite 2000W, Oklahoma City, OK 731027801. The OTC is an equal opportunity employer.
SERVICES Catholic Charities seeks an attorney to serve
as the Assistant Director for the Immigration Legal Services Department. This position coordinates with Director of the Immigration Legal Services to implement policies and procedures of the Immigration Legal Services,
manages ILS grants, and manages a caseload under the
supervision of the Director. The successful candidate
will be bilingual (Spanish) with supervisory experience
and two years experience in the field of immigration
law. Send cover letter, résumé and salary history to Human Resources, 1501 N. Classen Blvd, OKC, 73106 or
[email protected]
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
CONNER & WINTERS, a regional full-service firm, seeks
associate attorney with 1 to 4 years of experience for a
full-time litigation position in Oklahoma City. The ideal
candidate will possess excellent legal writing and research skills, a willingness to work closely with senior
attorneys while independently taking responsibility for
challenging projects and cases in a variety of industries,
creativity and a strong academic background. This partnership track position is immediately available and provides top of the market compensation and benefits. Applicants should submit résumé, law school transcript
and writing sample under cover letter to “Recruiting Coordinator” via email to [email protected] All
applications are confidential.
COMPLETE SET OF OKLAHOMA STATUTES ANNOTATED. $1500. Ask for Teresa, 405-702-4070.
CLASSIFIED RATES: $1 per word with $35 minimum per insertion. Additional $15 for blind box. Blind box word count
must include “Box ___, Oklahoma Bar Association, P.O. Box
53036, Oklahoma City, OK 73152.” Display classified ads with
bold headline and border are $50 per inch. See www.okbar.org
for issue dates and display rates.
DEADLINE: Theme issues 5 p.m. Monday before publication;
Court issues 11 a.m. Tuesday before publication. All ads must
be prepaid.
SEND AD (email preferred) stating number of times to be published to:
[email protected], or
Emily Buchanan, Oklahoma Bar Association, P.O. Box 53036,
Oklahoma City, OK 73152.
Publication and contents of any advertisement is not to be
deemed an endorsement of the views expressed therein, nor
shall the publication of any advertisement be considered an endorsement of the procedure or service involved. All placement
notices must be clearly non-discriminatory.
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
Father William is Deposed
By James Drummond (With apologies to Lewis Carroll)
“You are old, Mr. William,” the young deposer said,
“And your answers are evasive and vague,
And you insist that it’s due to poisoning by lead
As your lawyer’s objections spread like The Plague.”
“If I’m responsive,” said William, “it will spoil the fun,
And I fear it might injure my claim —
And since you’re perfectly sure I have none,
I’ll confine my answers to stating my name.”
“You are rude,” said the deposer,
“and this is becoming a bore,
And your claims are stupid at that;
If lead paint made you sick in an unpainted brick
Then I’ll fly to the moon on my cat!”
“In my youth,” said the sage, “for 700 weeks,
I sucked on the point of my pencil
And stored my lead sinkers in my cheeks
And my brain is shredded to tinsel!”
“You lie,” said the deposer, “you were never in school
And you said you only noodled and fished with a net;
Though you think your claims clever,
succeed will they never,
I request you admit you’re all wet!”
“In my youth,” said the plaintiff, “I took to the law,
And argued each case with my wife;
And the muscular strength, which it gave to my jaw,
Has lasted the rest of my life.”
“Now I have answered thirty questions,
and that is enough,
so please do not give yourself airs!
Do you think I can listen all day to such stupid stuff?
Be off, or I’ll kick you downstairs!”
Editor’s Note: This poem is inspired by a poem
recited by Alice in Lewis Carroll’s
Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland.
Mr. Drummond practices in Norman, but will soon relocate to Round Rock, Texas.
The Oklahoma Bar Journal
Vol. 85 — No. 2 — 1/18/2014
You are not alone.
Thursday, Feb. 6
Compassion Fatigue
Oklahoma City Location
6-7:30 p.m.
Office of Tom Cummings
701 N.W. 13th St.
Oklahoma City, OK
Tulsa Location
7-8 p.m.
University of Tulsa
College of Law
John Rogers Hall
3120 E. 4th Pl.
Rm. 206, Tulsa
Contact Kim Reber @ 405-840-0231 • [email protected]
Stubborn cases are our specialty.
With a success rate of better than 90 percent,
we know how to get your case to move.
DRC Panel Members
Joseph H. Paulk, President
Daniel J. Boudreau
Edward C. Cunningham
Sam P. Daniel
J. Christopher Davis
James L. Gibbs, II
John A. Gladd
Tony M. Graham
Bradley A. Gungoll
Kimberly Lambert-Love
Bob L. Latham, Jr.
James P. McCann
John F. McCormick, Jr.
Earl D. Mills
Larry D. Ottaway
Hugh M. Robert
John D. Rothman
Ted Sherwood
Terry M. Thomas
Nationwide 800-372-7540
Oklahoma City 405-228-0300
3540 S. Boulevard, Edmond
Tulsa 918-382-0300
1602 S. Main
That settles it. We’re calling DRC.

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