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AlienVault Unified Security Management™ Solution
Complete. Simple. Affordable
How to create a data source plugin
Copyright© 2014 AlienVault. All rights reserved.
AlienVault™, AlienVault Unified Security Management™, AlienVault USM™, AlienVault Open Threat Exchange™, AlienVault OTX™, Open Threat Exchange™, AlienVault OTX Reputation Monitor™, AlienVault OTX Reputation Monitor Alert™, AlienVault OSSIM™ and OSSIM™ are trademarks or service marks of AlienVault.
AlienVault Unified Security Management™ Solution
How to create a data source plugin
CONTENTS
1.
INTRODUCTION ..................................................................................................... 4
2.
TYPES OF DATA SOURCE PLUGINS .................................................................. 4
2.1. Detector Plugins ....................................................................................................... 5
2.2. Monitor Plugins ...................................................................................................... 23
3.
HOW TO CREATE A CUSTOM DATA SOURCE PLUGIN .................................. 23
3.1. Exchange Web SMTP server logs .......................................................................... 24
3.2. Creation of the plugin configuration file exchangews.cfg ........................................ 24
3.3. Create the database file exchangews.sql ............................................................... 26
3.4. Activate data source plugins................................................................................... 26
3.5. Files .local .............................................................................................................. 32
5.
HOW TO USE CUSTOM FUNCTION IN DATA SOURCE PLUGINS .................. 33
APPENDIX A - RECOMMENDATIONS BEFORE CREATING A NEW PLUGIN ......... 35
APPENDIX B - LIST OF DATA SOURCE PLUGINS ................................................... 37
B.1. Database Plugins ................................................................................................... 37
B.2. Log Plugins ............................................................................................................ 37
B.3. Monitor Plugins ...................................................................................................... 38
B.4. Remote Plugins ...................................................................................................... 39
B.5. SDEE Plugins ........................................................................................................ 39
B.6. WMI Plugins ........................................................................................................... 39
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1.
INTRODUCTION
The objective of this document is to explain how to create plugins supported by AlienVault
USM.
A plugin is a software component that adds a specific feature to AlienVault USM. Plugins are
used to improve the collection capabilities of the AlienVault Sensors and to indicate to the
system, how to understand and to collect events generated by each application and device.
Sensors receive events from remote hosts using the Syslog, WMI or any other protocols. The
sensors use the Collection Plugins (also called Data Source connectors) in order to support the
maximum possible number of applications and devices.
For any system that consumes logs, it is needed a parser to read those logs and extract
information from them into standard information fields (username, IP addresses, etc.).
AlienVault does this via Agent plugin that defines how to collect events from the application or
device as well as how events should be normalized before sending them to the AlienVault
USM central Server. Log Normalization is essentially breaking down a log message into
common fields.
It is necessary to enable a plugin in order to indicate to the system that must collect events
generated by an application or device. Plugins may be pre-configured by AlienVault or defined
by users.
AlienVault plugins are text configuration files and have the extension *.cfg. These files are
located in /etc/ossim/agent/plugins in the Sensor’s file system.
2.
TYPES OF DATA SOURCE PLUGINS
There are 2 types: monitor and detector:
Detector. These plugins receive logs, information and extract events from them. They process text log information from log files created by RSyslog collection system;; and from log data retrieved from remote systems via one of the remote collection protocols such as SDEE and SFTP. These plugins can be:
Database. They monitor a file in external databases.
Logs. They monitor a file, usually receiving data through syslog.
Remote Logs. They monitor a file in a remote appliance.
SDEE (Security Device Event Exchange). CISCO device logs.
WMI (Windows Management Instrumentation). They collect remotely Microsoft Windows events and data in an agent-less way.
Monitor. These plugins request information from systems, checking the status of the things they monitored at the time of the request. They generate text logs that are fed into the DC-00138
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syslog like normal logs and they are often used to correlate log events into alarms by matching events against the current status of systems.
2.1.
Detector Plugins
DATABASE PLUGINS
2.1.1.
It is easier to understand how this type of plugin works by means of an example:
;; PCI Trace
[DEFAULT]
plugin_id=1698
[config]
type=detector
enable=yes
source=database
source_type=mssql
source_ip=
source_port=3306
user=
password=
db=
sleep=60
process=
start=no
stop=no
[start_query]
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query="select TOP 1 pci.RowNumber from pcitrace as pci ORDER BY
pci.RowNumber desc"
regexp=
userdata1={$3}
log= Virus {$3} detected on {$2}, path: {$4} {$5}
[query]
query="select pci.RowNumber, pci.EventClass, pci.TextData,
pci.ApplicationName, pci.NTUserName, pci.LoginName, pci.CPU, pci.Reads
from pcitrace as pci ORDER BY pci.RowNumber"
regexp=
ref=0
plugin_sid=1
username={$5}
userdata1={$2}
userdata2={$3}
userdata3={$4}
userdata4={$6}
userdata5={$7}
userdata6={$8}
log={$1},{$2},{$3},{$4},{$5},{$6},{$7},{$8}
The fields related to database fields are an example for mssql. In case of having mysql, it must
be indicated.
Indicate the point to start to capture. It must be a query to obtain the last event identified by a
sequence number. In this case will be:
select TOP 1 pci.RowNumber from pcitrace as pci ORDER BY pci.RowNumber
desc
The last “RowNumer” is obtained from a table.
A query for getting all values is needed. The same field used in the “start query” must be selected as first element.
query="select pci.RowNumber, pci.EventClass, pci.TextData,
pci.ApplicationName, pci.NTUserName, pci.LoginName, pci.CPU, pci.Reads
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from pcitrace as pci ORDER BY pci.RowNumber"
Regexp field must be empty:
regexp=
ref=0
plugin_sid=1
$2 is the second element in the query. In this example is the value of pci.EventClass
username={$5}
userdata1={$2}
userdata2={$3}
userdata3={$4}
userdata4={$6}
userdata5={$7}
userdata6={$8}
log={$1},{$2},{$3},{$4},{$5},{$6},{$7},{$8}
2.1.2.
LOGS
This is an example of a log plugin:
[DEFAULT]
plugin_id=1563
[config]
enable=yes
type=detector
source=log
location=/var/log/optenet.log
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create_file=false
process=
start=no
; launch plugin process when agent starts
stop=no
; shutdown plugin process when agent stops
startup=
shutdown=
[optenet - spam detected]
regexp="^(?P<domain>\S+)\t(?P<SRC_IP>\IPV4)\t*\[\S+\]*\t\[(?P<src_mail>\S+)\]
\t\[(?P<dst_mail>\S+)\].*"
event_type=event
plugin_sid=1
device={resolv($SRC_IP)}
src_ip={resolv($SRC_IP)}
userdata1={$domain}
userdata2={$src_mail}
userdata3={$dst_mail}
Plugins extract events (SIDs) from logs by matching each line in the log according to a
regular expression, and then normalizing out data fields from the text. So when the
following log message arrives:
Feb 8 10:09:06 golgotha sshd[24472]: Failed password for dgil from
192.168.6.69 port 33992 ssh2
It matches the following SID from the SSH plugin.
[01 - Failed password]
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The information in a log entry to be normalized into field is specified in the regular
expression1:
regexp="(?P<date>\w{3}\s+\d{1,2}\s\d\d:\d\d:\d\d)\s+(?P<dst>\S+).*ssh.*Failed
(?P<type>publickey|password|none) for\s+(?P<info>invalid
user)?\s*(?P<user>\S+)\s.*from\s+(?P<src>\S+)\s.*port\s+(?P<sport>\d{1,5})"
And these values are normalized out of it:
Date = Feb 8 10:09:06
src_ip =192.168.6.69
Username = dgil
The level of information that can be extracted from a log source is dependent on the level
of detail in the plugin. The more SIDs defined, the greater the ability to extract meaning
from processed logs.
REMOTE LOGS
2.1.3.
This is an example of a remote log plugin:
# Alienvault plugin
# Author: Alienvault Team at devel@alienvault.com
# Plugin ssh-remote id:4003 version: 0.0.1
# Last modification: 2013-06-05 11:43
#
# Accepted products:
# openbsd - openssh 5.4
# openbsd - openssh 5.5
# openbsd - openssh 5.6
1
The bolded fields in the regexp indicate that the matching text will be mapped to information fields during
normalization.
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# openbsd - openssh 5.7
# openbsd - openssh 5.8
# openbsd - openssh 5.8p2
# openbsd - openssh 5.9
# Description:
#
# Ssh (Secure Shell) is a program for logging into a remote machine
# and for executing commands on a remote machine.
# URL: http://www.openssh.com
#
#
$Id: ssh.cfg,v 1.12 2010/03/23 16:42:18 juanmals Exp $
#
#
[DEFAULT]
plugin_id=4003
dst_ip=\_CFG(plugin-defaults,sensor)
dst_port=22
[config]
type=detector
enable=yes
source=remote-log
location=/var/log/auth.log
create_file=false
process=sshd
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start=no
stop=no
startup=/etc/init.d/ssh start
shutdown=/etc/init.d/ssh stop
host=
user=root
passwd=
readAll=false
[ssh - Failed password]
event_type=event
regexp="(\SYSLOG_DATE)\s+(?P<sensor>[^\s]*).*?ssh.*?Failed password for
(?P<user>\S+)\s+from\s+.*?(?P<src>\IPV4).*?port\s+(?P<sport>\PORT)"
plugin_sid=1
device={resolv($sensor)}
date={normalize_date($1)}
src_ip={$src}
dst_ip={resolv($sensor)}
src_port={$sport}
username={$user}
Entries marked in bold must always appear because they are used for connecting to remote
host:
source=remote-log
host=
user=root
passwd=
readAll=false
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SDEE (SECURITY DEVICE EVENT EXCHANGE)
2.1.4.
SDEE 2 is a standard that specifies the format of messages and protocol used to
communicate events generated by security devices. This protocol is used in the Cisco
Systems IPS Sensor 5.0. AlienVault support this type of logs collection. AlienVault USM
captures events from:
Cisco Network Prevention Systems (IPS)
Cisco Network Detection Systems (IPS)
Cisco Switch IDS
Cisco IOS routers with the Inline Intrusion Prevention System (IPS) functions
Cisco IDS modules for routers
Cisco PIX Firewalls
Cisco Catalyst 6500 Series firewall service modules (FWSMs)
Cisco Management Center for Cisco security agents
CiscoWorks Monitoring Center for Security servers
If you have your own update package from your vendor, you can populate the AlienVault
database with the new signatures.
Go to /usr/share/ossim/scripts/ to update the plugin sid information:
python createCiscoIPSSidmap.py IOS-S416-CLI.pkg.xml
DELETE FROM plugin WHERE id = "1597";
DELETE FROM plugin_sid where plugin_id = "1597";
INSERT INTO plugin (id, type, name, description) VALUES (1597, 1, 'CiscoIPS', 'Cisco Intrusion Prevention System');
INSERT INTO plugin_sid (plugin_id, sid, category_id, class_id, name,
priority, reliability) VALUES (1597, 5986, NULL, NULL, 'Cisco-IPS:
Microsoft GDI GIF Parsing Vulnerability', 3, 4);
2
This protocol is used in the Cisco Systems IPS Sensor 5.0 to replace Remote Data Exchange Protocol
(RDEP).
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INSERT INTO plugin_sid (plugin_id, sid, category_id, class_id, name,
priority, reliability) VALUES (1597, 5984, NULL, NULL, 'Cisco-IPS: IE COM
Object Code Execution', 3, 4);
INSERT INTO plugin_sid (plugin_id, sid, category_id, class_id, name,
priority, reliability) VALUES (1597, 5985, NULL, NULL, 'Cisco-IPS:
Quicktime RTSP Content-Type Excessive Length', 3, 4);
INSERT INTO plugin_sid (plugin_id, sid, category_id, class_id, name,
priority, reliability) VALUES (1597, 19159, NULL, NULL, 'Cisco-IPS: Green
Dam Youth Escort Software Update Check', 1, 4);
INSERT INTO plugin_sid (plugin_id, sid, category_id, class_id, name,
priority, reliability) VALUES (1597, 19401, NULL, NULL, 'Cisco-IPS:
Microsoft Publisher File Parsing Vulnerability', 3, 4);
This is script generates the needed SQL information to update AlienVault database. Write
the following to insert information:
python createCiscoIPSSidmap.py IOS-S416-CLI.pkg.xml > sdee.sql
ossim-db < sdee.sql
If you want to update cross-correlation information:
python ciscoIPSOsMap.py IOS-S416-CLI.pkg.xml
replace into plugin_reference values (1597, 1109, 3001, 3);
replace into plugin_reference values (1597, 1109, 3001, 3);
replace into plugin_reference values (1597, 1109, 3001, 3);
replace into plugin_reference values (1597, 1109, 3001, 3);
replace into plugin_reference values (1597, 2156, 3001, 1);
replace into plugin_reference values (1597, 2157, 3001, 3);
replace into plugin_reference values (1597, 2157, 3001, 3);
replace into plugin_reference values (1597, 2157, 3001, 3);
...
...
python ciscoIPSOsMap.py IOS-S416-CLI.pkg.xml > sdee-os.sql
ossim-db < sdee-os.sql
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Do not forget to restart ossim-server in order to update AlienVault Server cache.
Follow the instructions below to configure AlienVault Agent and collect events from SDEE
capable device:
1.
Add SDEE reference to this file: /etc/ossim/agent/config.cfg
2.
Edit this file: /etc/ossim/agent/plugins/cisco-ips.cfg
[DEFAULT]
plugin_id=1597
[config]
type=detector
enable=yes
source=sdee
source_ip=
user=
password=
sleep=5
process=
start=no
stop=no
3.
Insert the credentials: your “source_ip”, “user” and “password” data.
4.
Restart AlienVault Agent for receiving data from SDEE device.
Keep in mind the following points:
Each time a new session begins with a SDEE device, a Subscription ID will be provided. If the device closes the connection or the connectivity is lost, you have to close the session DC-00138
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in order to continue collecting from the device. The AlienVault Agent closes the session automatically, but if not, you should do it manually.
The latest Subscription ID can be found here: /etc/ossim/agent/sdee_sid.data
Execute the following:
python /usr/share/ossim/scripts/closeSDEEsession.py SubscriptionID
This closes the last session. If you still have problems, execute the following:
grep subs /var/log/ossim/agent.log
The agent debugging can also turn on, stopping the current agent and starting it manually on verbose mode:
ossim-agent -v
You should get something like this:
2012-05-07 05:15:40,925 Agent [DEBUG]: <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF8"?><env:Envelope xmlns="http://www.cisco.com/cids/2006/08/cidee"
xmlns:env="http://www.w3.org/2003/05/soap-envelope"
xmlns:sd="http://example.org/2003/08/sdee"
xmlns:cid="http://www.cisco.com/cids/2006/08/cidee"><env:Header><sd:oobInfo><
sd:sessionId>373397c2f80a792a4029fbcc0cd027e5</sd:sessionId><sd:remainingevents>0</sd:remainingevents></sd:oobInfo></env:Header><env:Body><sd:events></sd:events></env:Body>
</env:Envelope>
2.1.5.
WMI (WINDOWS MANAGEMENT INSTRUMENTATION)
They collect remotely Microsoft Windows events and data in an agent-less way.
This is an example of a WMI plugin:
[DEFAULT]
plugin_id=1518
[config]
type=detector
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enable=yes
source=wmi
credentials_file=/etc/ossim/agent/wmi_credentials.csv
sleep=10
process=
start=no
stop=no
[start_cmd]
cmd=wmic -U OSS_WMI_USER%OSS_WMI_PASS //OSS_WMI_HOST "Select
LogFile,RecordNumber from Win32_NTLogEvent Where Logfile = 'Application'" |
head -n 3 | tail -n 1 | cut -f 2 -d \|
regexp=
[cmd]
cmd = wmic -U OSS_WMI_USER%OSS_WMI_PASS //OSS_WMI_HOST "Select
ComputerName,EventCode,Logfile,Message,RecordNumber,SourceName,TimeWritten,Us
er from Win32_NTLogEvent Where Logfile = 'Application' and RecordNumber >
OSS_COUNTER" | cat
start_regexp=^([^\|]+)\|(\d+)\|([^\|]+)\|
regexp="^(?P<system_name>[^\|]+)\|(?P<plugin_sid>\d+)\|(?P<logfile>[^\|]+)\|(
?P<message>[^\|]+)\|(?P<recordnumber>[^\|]+)\|(?P<sourcename>[^\|]+)\|(?P<tim
ewritten>[^\|]+)\|(?P<username>.*)$"
src_ip={resolv($0)}
plugin_sid={$1}
userdata2={$2}
userdata3={$3}
userdata4={$4}
userdata5={$5}
userdata6={$6}
username={$7}
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2.1.5.1.
3
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PREPARING WINDOWS
1.
Create a new limited user for not using an administrator account for remote connections and make the installation much more secure.
2.
For this example, the user “wmiuser” and password “wmi” have been created.
3.
Configure DCOM to allow the user access to the computer remotely.
4.
Grant remote launch to DCOM and activation permissions for our user:
a)
Run Dcomcnfg by selecting Run on the Start menu and typing in Dcomcnfg. Then click OK.
b)
Open “Administrative Tools” 3 and expand “Component Services”. Click the secondary button of the mouse over “My Computer” and select “Properties”.
This option is not always in the same place. It depends on the Windows version.
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c)
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Click on “COM Security” tab. Then click on Edit Limits under “Access Permissions”:
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d)
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Click on “Anonymous Logon” and then on “Remote Access”:
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4
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e)
Click OK.
f)
Click Apply.
g)
Click OK.
5.
Run Dcomcnfg by selecting Run on the Start menu and typing in Dcomcnfg. Then click OK.
6.
Open “Administrative Tools”4 and expand “Component Services”. Click the secondary button of the mouse over “My Computer” and select “Properties”.
7.
Click on “COM Security” tab and then click on Edit Limits under “Launch and Activation Permissions”.
This option is not always in the same place. It depends on the Windows version.
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8.
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Click Add button.
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9.
Enter the user name and click OK.
10. In the “Launch and Activation Permisson” screen, click the options: “Remote Launch”, “Local Activation” and “Remote Activation”. Then click OK.
11. Click OK.
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12. Click Apply.
13. Click OK.
2.1.5.2.
CONFIGURING ALIENVAULT USM
Before the activation of wmi plug-ins, it is necessary to create a file having Windows IPs
and credentials.
1.
Create a wmi_credentials.csv file.
vim /etc/ossim/agent/wmi_credentials.csv
2.
Add ips, users and password with following formats:
127.0.0.1,user,pass
127.0.0.2,domain/user, pass
127.0.0.3,domain/user ,pass
2.2.
Monitor Plugins
These plugins are used to execute actions in sensors in correlation time through directives. For
instance, the 2005 plugin monitor is used in these 2 files:
ntop-monitor.cfg
session-monitor.cfg
This is used from monitor directives like:
/etc/ossim/server/alienvault-attacks.xml: <rule type="monitor" name="AV
More than 10 secs persistence" reliability="5" from="1:SRC_IP"
to="1:DST_IP" port_from="1:SRC_PORT" port_to="1:DST_PORT"
plugin_id="2005" plugin_sid="248" condition="ge" value="10" interval="15"
time_out="30" absolute="true">
3.
HOW TO CREATE A CUSTOM DATA SOURCE PLUGIN
This section explains how to create a custom plugin to process Exchange Web Server logs
through the SIEM engine.
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3.1.
EXCHANGE WEB SMTP SERVER LOGS
The log file used for the following hands on exercise can be downloaded from here:
exchangews.log
Once the file has been downloaded, open it to see the logs we are going to parse. Here are
some sample lines:
2011-10-09 05:00:19 1.1.1.1 36A42160 SMTPSVC1 MEE-PDC 192.168.1.2 0 QUIT
- 36A42160 240 6219 68 4 0 SMTP - - - 1.1.1.10 - 1.1.1.9 [11/Oct/2011:13:16:40 -0600] "HELO -?+1.1.1.9 SMTP"
250 46
3.2.
CREATION OF THE PLUGIN CONFIGURATION FILE EXCHANGEWS.CFG
1.
Global plugin configuration settings:
Copy the file “ssh.cfg “ and name this new one as “exchangews.cfg”.
Change the “plugin id“ field (use 9001 as it is part of the user range that goes up to 10000).
Change location to point to the log file “/var/log/exchangews.log”
Delete startup and shutdown fields. These fields are not going to be used (there is no application associated with this plugin).
Create a new translation table5, as it is shown below. This step is optional:
HELO=1
MAIL=2
RCPT=3
DATA=4
QUIT=5
5
A translation table is used for translating a string to a number in order to use it as plugin_sid. It is necessary to
include the function {translate($field_to_translate)} for using a translation table.
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xxxx=6
DEFAULT_=9999
2.
Create new rules, filling up the fields below. Create two regular expressions to parse the data, because there are two different formats in the log file.
[exchangews - Generic rule]
#2011-10-09 05:00:15 1.1.1.1 36A42160 SMTPSVC1 MEE-PDC 192.168.1.2 0 HELO +36A42160 250 0 48 13 0 SMTP - - - #2011-10-09 05:00:16 1.1.1.1 36A42160 SMTPSVC1 MEE-PDC 192.168.1.2 0 MAIL +FROM:+<test@sample1.com> 250 0 57 45 0 SMTP - - - event_type=event
regexp="(?P<date>\d{4}-\d{2}\d{2}\s\d{2}:\d{2}:\d{2})\s(?P<src_ip>\IPV4)\s(?P<userdata2>\S+)\s(?P<hostnam
e>\S+)\s(?P<userdata3>\S+)\s(?P<dst_IP>\IPV4)\s\d\s(?P<type>\w+)"
date={normalize_date($date)}
plugin_sid={translate($type)}
dst_ip={resolv($dst_ip)}
src_ip={resolv($src_ip)}
hostname={$hostname}
userdata2={$userdata2}
userdata3={$userdata3}
[exchangews = Generic rule 2 NCSA Format]
#1.1.1.10 - 1.1.1.9 [11/Oct/2011:13:16:40 -0600] "HELO -?+1.1.1.9 SMTP" 250
46
#1.1.1.10 - 1.1.1.9 [11/Oct/2011:13:16:41 -0600] "MAIL ?+FROM:+<Keith@testdomain.com> SMTP" 250 46
event_type=event
regexp="(?P<src_ip>\IPV4)\s\s(?P<dst_ip>\S+)\s\[(?P<date>\d\d\/\w{3}\/\d{4}:\d\d:\d\d:\d\d)\s\d{4}\]\s\"(?P<type>\w+)"
date={normalize_date($date)}
plugin_sid={translate($type)}
dst_ip={resolv($dst_ip)}
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src_ip={resolv($src_ip)}
3.
3.3.
Check regular expressions with logs inside the file “/var/log/exchangews.log”. There are several utilities on the Internet to test regular expressions written in Python. It is recommended to use one of these utilities to check that the created regular expressions match the logs.
CREATE THE DATABASE FILE EXCHANGEWS.SQL
1.
Create a file using the following examples:
INSERT INTO plugin (id, type, name, description) VALUES (9001, 1,
'exchangews', 'Exchange E-mail Web server');
INSERT INTO plugin_sid (plugin_id, sid, category_id, class_id, name,
priority, reliability) VALUES (9001, 1, NULL, NULL, 'exchangews: HELO'
,3, 2);
INSERT INTO plugin_sid (plugin_id, sid, category_id, class_id, name,
priority, reliability) VALUES (9001, 9999, NULL, NULL, 'exchangews:
Generic exchange event' ,3, 2);
2.
Insert file values into the database in the server box.
cat exchangews.sql | ossim-db
3.
Apply changes in SIEM.
/etc/init.d/ossim-server restart
3.4.
ACTIVATE DATA SOURCE PLUGINS
Choose one of the following options to activate plugins:
Through command line console
Through web
3.4.1.
ACTIVATE PLUGINS THROUGH COMMAND LINE CONSOLE
To activate plugins by a console, the instructions below should be followed:
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1.
Open a console terminal application and connect to the AlienVault System by running the following command:
ssh root@IP_address
IP_address refers to the default IP of your appliance.
2.
Next, it appears a screen which includes the main menu:
3.
By using the arrow keys on the keyboard, select the option “Configure Sensor”. Accept the selection (<OK>) by pressing Enter key.
Use the Tab key on the keyboard to move from <OK> to <Exit> or vice versa:
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4.
Select the option “Configure Data Source Plugins”. Accept the selection (<OK>) by pressing Enter key.
5.
Select the plugins to activate. To move between them use the arrow keys on the keyboard and select/deselect it by pressing the Space Bar on the keyboard. Accept the selection (<OK>) by pressing Enter key. It is possible to select several plugins. Accept the selection (<OK>) by pressing Enter key.
6.
The ‘Configure Sensor’ window appears. Move from <OK> to <Back> by using the Tab key on the keyboard. Back to the AlienVault Setup Screen.
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7.
Select the option “Apply all changes”. Accept the selection (<OK>) by pressing Enter key.
8.
Apply all changes (<Yes>) by pressing Enter key.
9.
The process can take several minutes depending on the number of plugins to activate:
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10. Once the process finishes, the following screen appears:
11. Press Enter key. The AlienVault Setup screen appears.
12. Move from <OK> to <Exit> by using the Tab key on the keyboard. Press Enter key.
3.4.2.
ACTIVATE PLUGINS BY WEB
To activate plugins by the web, the instructions below should be followed:
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1.
Use a web browser access to your AlienVault console at https://your_ip/
2.
Write a valid IP address in the navigation bar of a web browser.
3.
Enter a valid user name and password and click on Login.
4.
Navigate to “Configuration > Deployment”:
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5.
The following window appears:
6.
Click on one of the “Node Name” then, on Sensor Configuration link, and finally on Collection link. A table appears:
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This table displays 2 columns. The left column shows plugins that are enabled and the
right column shows plugins that are available to be enabled.
To pass an item from one side to the other, drag and drop the item or use the links [+]
or [-] which are next to each item.
7.
3.5.
To make all changes take effect, click the APPLY CHANGES button.
FILES .LOCAL
Whenever a plugin file is going to be changed, it is recommended to copy the filename.cfg into
another file named filename.cfg.local. Make all necessary changes in the .local file and keep
the .cfg file without any change. By copying the file, you preserve the original plugin version
over the updated version. The new updates will never overwrite your plugin customization.
Keep in mind that the original plugins can be modified by AlienVault when an update process has been done.
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5.
HOW TO USE CUSTOM FUNCTION IN DATA SOURCE PLUGINS
The instructions below should be followed:
1.
Insert a custom function field in the plugin .cfg file:
[config]
custom_functions_file=/etc/ossim/agent/plugin/ssh_custom_functions.cfg
2.
Create a function file having in mind that a function must start with “Start Function <func name>” and must end with “End function”:
Start Function
log_hello
def log_hello(self):
return "Hello log!"
End Function
Start Function
log_hello_data
def log_hello_data(self,data):
return "Hello log: %s" % data
End Function
3.
Edit the plugin rules to use the function by using two points:
[0021 - ssh - Failed password]
# Feb 8 10:09:06 golgotha sshd[24472]: Failed password for dgil from
192.168.6.69 port 33992 ssh2
event_type=event
regexp="(\w{3}\s+\d{1,2}\s\d\d:\d\d:\d\d)\s+(?P<sensor>\S*).*ssh.*Failed
password for
(?P<user>\S+)\s+from\s+.*?(?P<src>\IPV4).*port\s+(?P<sport>\d{1,5})"
plugin_sid=1
sensor={resolv($sensor)}
date={normalize_date($1)}
src_ip={$src}
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dst_ip={resolv($sensor)}
src_port={$sport}
username={$user}
userdata1={:log_hello()}
userdata2={:log_hello_data($user)}
It is not possible to apply a built in function to a custom function (for instance, translate(:log_hello()) ), as the last function which are executed are the custom ones.
So translate will receive :log_hello() as a simple chain of chars.
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APPENDIX A - RECOMMENDATIONS BEFORE CREATING A NEW
PLUGIN
Follow the following recommendations before creating a new plugin:
Copy a log as big as possible.
Extract events from the log using consecutive grep -v, until the command does not return anything.
Use grep to check individually every event. Try to find different values that a same event may take.
Discard repeated events.
Look for event patterns in order to group them using some identifier such as the same field distribution, for instance.
Take into account that your target will be identifying individual events using a plugin_sid, you may need to think what translates you will be using.
For every event, find out the number of times it is repeated within the log, using the following command to count the lines.
wc -l
Think if it's worth using a single regex for an event or if several can be grouped together without making the regex very complex.
Only capture the fields that are going to be used in correlation later on.
Create a rule with a generic regex at the end to capture any remaining event.
Choose the right pre-check, keeping in mind that it applies a first filter to the events.
Make sure the rules are alphabetically ordered, starting with 0001 and finishing with 9999, creating 0002, 0003... groups, leaving room for future expressions.
The rules are loaded and applied in alphabetical order, so events captured by a rule will not be processed by the rules loaded after that one. Rule order must be chosen carefully to avoid event masking due to generic rules being loaded before specific ones.
The SQL does not need the sids to be correlative. Gaps can be left in order to make it more maintainable.
Let’s say from 1000 to 1999 for A event types, from 2000 to 2999 for B event types, etc.
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Be careful if you add a custom function into a plugin;; or if you access to a proprietary database. This may deteriorate the performance if it is not well designed.
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APPENDIX B - LIST OF DATA SOURCE PLUGINS
B.1. Database Plugins
drupal-wiki.cfg
eljefe.cfg
forensics-db-1.cfg
mcafee-epo.cfg
moodle.cfg
motion.cfg
oracle-sql.cfg
panda-se.cfg
post_correlation.cfg
vmware-vcenter-sql.cfg
B.2. Log Plugins
airlock.cfg
aix-audit.cfg
aladdin.cfg
allot.cfg
alteonos.cfg
amun-honeypot.cfg
apache.cfg
apache-syslog.cfg
arpalert.cfg
arpwatch.cfg
artemisa.cfg
aruba.cfg
aruba-6.cfg
ascenlink.cfg
avast.cfg
axigen-mail.cfg
bind.cfg
bit9.cfg
bluecoat.cfg
bro-ids.cfg
cisco-3030.cfg
cisco-ace.cfg
cisco-acs.cfg
cisco-acs-idm.cfg
cisco-asa.cfg
cisco-asr.cfg
cisco-fw.cfg
cisco-ids.cfg
cisco-ips-syslog.cfg
cisco-nexus-nx-os.cfg
cisco-pix.cfg
cisco-router.cfg
cisco-vpn.cfg
cisco-wlc.cfg
citrix-netscaler.cfg
clamav.cfg
clurgmgr.cfg
courier.cfg
cyberguard.cfg
dhcp.cfg
dionaea.cfg
dovecot.cfg
dragon.cfg
enterasys-rmatrix.cfg
exchange.cfg
extreme-switch.cfg
extreme-wireless.cfg
f5.cfg
f5-firepass.cfg
fidelis.cfg
fortigate.cfg
fortiguard.cfg
fortimail.cfg
fw1-alt.cfg
fw1ngr60.cfg
gfi.cfg
glastopng.cfg
heartbeat.cfg
honeyd.cfg
hp-eva.cfg
iis.cfg
impervasecuresphere.cfg
intrushield.cfg
ipfw.cfg
iphone.cfg
iptables.cfg
ironport.cfg
isa.cfg
juniper-srx.cfg
juniper-vpn.cfg
kismet.cfg
linuxdhcp.cfg
lucent-brick.cfg
m0n0wall.cfg
mcafee.cfg
mcafee-antispam.cfg
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modsecurity.cfg
monit.cfg
motorola-firewall.cfg
mwcollect.cfg
nagios.cfg
nepenthes.cfg
nessus.cfg
nessus-detector.cfg
netgear.cfg
netkeeper-fw.cfg
netkeeper-nids.cfg
netscreen-firewall.cfg
netscreen-igs.cfg
netscreen-manager.cfg
netscreen-nsm.cfg
nfs.cfg
nortel-switch.cfg
ntsyslog.cfg
openldap.cfg
optenet.cfg
oracle-syslog.cfg
osiris.cfg
ossec.cfg
ossec-idm.cfg
ossec-idm-single-line.cfg
ossec-single-line.cfg
ossim-agent.cfg
p0f.cfg
pads.cfg
paloalto.cfg
pam_unix.cfg
panda-as.cfg
pf.cfg
postfix.cfg
prads.cfg
prads_eth0.cfg
proxim-orinoco.cfg
pureftpd.cfg
radiator.cfg
radware-ips.cfg
raslogd.cfg
realsecure.cfg
rrd.cfg
rsa-secureid.cfg
sap.cfg
sendmail.cfg
serviceguard.cfg
shrubbery-tacacs.cfg
sidewinder.cfg
siteprotector.cfg
siteprotector-snmp.cfg
sitescope.cfg
smbd.cfg
snare.cfg
snare-idm.cfg
snare-mssql.cfg
snare-msssis.cfg
snort_syslog.cfg
sonicwall.cfg
sophos.cfg
spamassassin.cfg
squid.cfg
squidGuard.cfg
ssh.cfg
stonegate.cfg
stonegate_ips.cfg
storewize-V7000.cfg
sudo.cfg
suhosin.cfg
suricata-http.cfg
symantec-ams.cfg
symantec-epm.cfg
syslog.cfg
tacacs-plus.cfg
tarantella.cfg
tippingpoint.cfg
token-rsa.cfg
trendmicro.cfg
usbudev.cfg
vandyke-vshell.cfg
vmware-esxi.cfg
vmware-vcenter.cfg
vmware-workstation.cfg
vplus.cfg
vsftpd.cfg
vyatta.cfg
W2003DNS.cfg
watchguard.cfg
webmin.cfg
websense.cfg
wuftp.cfg
B.3. Monitor Plugins
The following plugins are monitor plugins:
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nessus-monitor.cfg
nmap-monitor.cfg
ntop-monitor.cfg
ocs-monitor.cfg
opennms-monitor.cfg
ossim-monitor.cfg
ping-monitor.cfg
session-monitor.cfg
tcptrack-monitor.cfg
whois-monitor.cfg
wmi-monitor.cfg
B.4. Remote Plugins
ssh-remote.cfg
B.5. SDEE Plugins
cisco-ips.cfg
B.6. WMI Plugins
wmi-application-logger.cfg
wmi-security-logger.cfg
wmi-security-logger-srv2008.cfg
wmi-system-logger.cfg
6
This plugin is used by certain directives to ascertain whether a DOS or DDoS attack was successful. See
directive 34031 for use-case.
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