Ralph C.J. Ferrara Tristan Bosvieux Terry Peterson Senior Systems Engineer

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TM
Ralph C.J. Ferrara
Senior Systems Engineer
Tristan Bosvieux
Automotive Application Engineer
Terry Peterson
Software Engineer
June 2012
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire,
ColdFire+, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, Kinetis, mobileGT, PowerQUICC,
Processor Expert, QorIQ, Qorivva, StarCore, Symphony and VortiQa are trademarks of
Freescale Semiconductor, Inc., Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack,
CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
Ready Play, SafeAssure, the SafeAssure logo, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, Vybrid and
Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All other product or service
names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
.
•
Purpose for introducing the MC33816
•
Overview of MC33816
− Hardware
− Software
•
– Circuit functions and features
– Instruction set and tools
MC33816 Applications and Examples
− 3,
4 and 6 cylinder examples
− Peak
and Hold waveform generation
− Boost
TM
voltage regulator
2
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, ColdFire+, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, Kinetis,
mobileGT, PowerQUICC, Processor Expert, QorIQ, Qorivva, StarCore, Symphony and VortiQa are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.,
Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
Ready Play, SafeAssure, the SafeAssure logo, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, Vybrid and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All
other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
•
Many engine manufacturers are turning to Direct Diesel
Injection (DDI) and Gasoline Direct Injection (GDI) to increase
fuel efficiency and reduce engine emissions, hence the need
for a “smart” injector driver.
•
A “smart” injector driver can off-load tasks from the Engine
Control Unit‟s (ECU‟s) microcomputer (MCU) by performing the
high-speed control algorithms and generating the high voltage
necessary to produce the complex peak and hold injector
current waveform.
TM
3
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, ColdFire+, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, Kinetis,
mobileGT, PowerQUICC, Processor Expert, QorIQ, Qorivva, StarCore, Symphony and VortiQa are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.,
Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
Ready Play, SafeAssure, the SafeAssure logo, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, Vybrid and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All
other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
TM
4
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, ColdFire+, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, Kinetis,
mobileGT, PowerQUICC, Processor Expert, QorIQ, Qorivva, StarCore, Symphony and VortiQa are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.,
Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
Ready Play, SafeAssure, the SafeAssure logo, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, Vybrid and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All
other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
•
Purpose for introducing the MC33816
•
Overview of MC33816
− Hardware
− Software
•
– Circuit functions and features
– Instruction set and tools
MC33816 Applications and Examples
− 3,
4 and 6 cylinder examples
− Peak
and Hold waveform generation
− Boost
TM
voltage regulator
5
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, ColdFire+, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, Kinetis,
mobileGT, PowerQUICC, Processor Expert, QorIQ, Qorivva, StarCore, Symphony and VortiQa are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.,
Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
Ready Play, SafeAssure, the SafeAssure logo, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, Vybrid and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All
other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
•
Automotive (12V), Truck and Industrial (24V) Applications - Engine
Management Systems
−
−
−
GDI / DDI programmable pre-drivers
Positioning and dithering of transmission valves
Solenoid and valve actuation
33816
VBAT
VBAT / VBOOST
VBATT
5V
VCC5
VCCIO
VCC2P5
VCCP
MCU
GPIO
GPIO
GPIO
CLK
RESETB
IRQB
MOSI
SCLK
CSB
MISO
MOSI
SCLK
CSB
MISO
GPIO/ETPU
GPIO
6
3
Logic
Channel 1
µCore (x2)
B_HSx
G_HSx
S_HSx
TM
x5 HS
6
/
Gate drive
6
/
Diag
x6 LS
Code RAM
Data RAM
Logic
Channel 2
µCore (x2)
/
STARTx
Code RAM
/
FLAGx
Data RAM
D_LSx
G_LSx
VSENSEP1-3
VSENSEN1-3
G_LS7
VBOOST
ADC
ADC
5
/
Gate drive
5 (x2)
/
Diag
OA_1
OA_2
GND
/
3 (x2)
Gate drive
Feedback
VBOOST
Boost
supply
x1 LS
/
1 (x2)
6
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, ColdFire+, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, Kinetis,
mobileGT, PowerQUICC, Processor Expert, QorIQ, Qorivva, StarCore, Symphony and VortiQa are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.,
Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
Ready Play, SafeAssure, the SafeAssure logo, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, Vybrid and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All
other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
(Ch1µC0)
(Ch1µC0)
•
Key Features:
(Ch1µC1)
−
5 High Side (HS) and 7 Low Side
(LS) MOSFET pre-drivers
−
2 Logic Channels, consisting of 2
µCores each, for up to 4
simultaneous threads of code
execution
−
Separate Code and Data RAM
blocks for each Logic Channel
−
4 current measurement blocks for
closed loop current control
−
Built-in fault diagnosis and
protection
−
Power Supply monitoring
−
HV DC-DC converter circuitry
TM
(Ch2µC0)
(Ch2µC1)
7
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, ColdFire+, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, Kinetis,
mobileGT, PowerQUICC, Processor Expert, QorIQ, Qorivva, StarCore, Symphony and VortiQa are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.,
Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
Ready Play, SafeAssure, the SafeAssure logo, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, Vybrid and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All
other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
(Ch1µC0)
Communication with MCU
via ≤10 mbps SPI interface
(Ch1µC1)
6 start inputs (STARTx)
3 general purpose I/Os
(FLAGx)
Reset and IRQ pins
Pre-driver enable input
(DRVEN)
(Ch2µC0)
(Ch2µC1)
TM
8
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, ColdFire+, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, Kinetis,
mobileGT, PowerQUICC, Processor Expert, QorIQ, Qorivva, StarCore, Symphony and VortiQa are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.,
Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
Ready Play, SafeAssure, the SafeAssure logo, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, Vybrid and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All
other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
(Ch1µC0)
Boost voltage monitor input
with Integrated Charge Pump
(Ch1µC1)
Integrated 7.0V linear regulator
(VCCP) for pre-driver power
supply (can be externally
supplied for 24V battery
systems), with under-voltage
monitoring
External VCC5 (5.0V) supply
input with under/over-voltage
monitoring
Integrated 2.5V linear regulator
for digital core supply, sourced
by VCC5 input supply, with
under-voltage monitoring
(Ch2µC0)
VCCIO external supply (5.0V or
3.3V) to select reference for
digital I/O
(Ch2µC1)
Built-in thermal monitoring
for additional protection
TM
9
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, ColdFire+, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, Kinetis,
mobileGT, PowerQUICC, Processor Expert, QorIQ, Qorivva, StarCore, Symphony and VortiQa are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.,
Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
Ready Play, SafeAssure, the SafeAssure logo, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, Vybrid and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All
other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
(Ch1µC0)
(Ch1µC1)
2 Logic Channels
Each logic channel consists of:

2 µCores

Code RAM: 1024 x 16 bits

Data RAM: 64 x 16 bits

2 µCores share 1 Code RAM and
1 Data RAM
24 MHz, PLL-generated, system
clock sync’d to 1.0 MHz clock


1 MHz clock can be provided
externally or generated
internally.
(Ch2µC0)
Switches automatically to
internal clock
TM
(Ch2µC1)
10
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, ColdFire+, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, Kinetis,
mobileGT, PowerQUICC, Processor Expert, QorIQ, Qorivva, StarCore, Symphony and VortiQa are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.,
Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
Ready Play, SafeAssure, the SafeAssure logo, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, Vybrid and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All
other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
(Ch1µC0)
Features:
(Ch1µC1)

Single cycle operations:
- Addition
- Subtraction
- Logic operations (not, or, and, xor)
- Shift 8 positions

Multiple cycle operations:
- Multiplication (32 steps)
- Shift “n” positions (“n” steps)

8 General Purpose Registers (16
bits each)
(Ch2µC0)
(Ch2µC1)

Arithmetic Condition Register
TM
11
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, ColdFire+, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, Kinetis,
mobileGT, PowerQUICC, Processor Expert, QorIQ, Qorivva, StarCore, Symphony and VortiQa are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.,
Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
Ready Play, SafeAssure, the SafeAssure logo, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, Vybrid and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All
other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
Direct access to
Data RAM
Indirect
access to
Data RAM
Instruction counter
Direct access
to Code RAM
Instruction
decoder
Auxiliary register for
interrupt return
address
Arithmetic
Logical Unit
Communication
with other device
functional blocks
4 counters with ‘end of
count’ registers
Direct access
to/from Flag bus
TM
12
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, ColdFire+, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, Kinetis,
mobileGT, PowerQUICC, Processor Expert, QorIQ, Qorivva, StarCore, Symphony and VortiQa are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.,
Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
Ready Play, SafeAssure, the SafeAssure logo, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, Vybrid and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All
other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
(Ch1µC0)
5 high-side pre-drivers
•
Require logic-level N-channel
MOSFETs
•
4 programmable slew rates
•
VS_HSx + 4V < VB_HSx < VS_HSx + 8V
•
VS_HSx maximum is 72V
•
HS2, HS4 can drive MOSFETs
referenced to VBAT or VBOOST
•
HS1, HS3, HS5 can only drive
MOSFETs referenced to VBAT
•
Built-in bootstrap circuitry

•
Requires external capacitor
(Ch2µC0)
Built-in charge pump with 100%
duty cycle capability

•
(Ch1µC1)
(Ch2µC1)
No external capacitor required
All high-side drivers can also be
used as low–side drivers
TM
13
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, ColdFire+, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, Kinetis,
mobileGT, PowerQUICC, Processor Expert, QorIQ, Qorivva, StarCore, Symphony and VortiQa are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.,
Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
Ready Play, SafeAssure, the SafeAssure logo, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, Vybrid and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All
other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
Provides VGS above
VBOOST/VBAT for
100% duty cycle
operation
Low Drop Out 7V
Regulator
External
bootstrap
capacitor
(HS1,HS3,HS5
VBAT Only)
HS2 and HS4
ON/OFF
command
from µCore
Pre-Driver
4 selectable
slew rates
TM
Pull-Down Resistor
14
External gate
resistor
External logic-level N-Channel
MOSFET
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, ColdFire+, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, Kinetis,
mobileGT, PowerQUICC, Processor Expert, QorIQ, Qorivva, StarCore, Symphony and VortiQa are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.,
Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
Ready Play, SafeAssure, the SafeAssure logo, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, Vybrid and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All
other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
(Ch1µC0)
(Ch1µC1)
7 low-side pre-drivers for
driving logic level N-channel
MOSFETs
4 programmable slew rates
LS7 optionally dedicated to
DC-DC converter
(Ch2µC0)
(Ch2µC1)
TM
15
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, ColdFire+, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, Kinetis,
mobileGT, PowerQUICC, Processor Expert, QorIQ, Qorivva, StarCore, Symphony and VortiQa are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.,
Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
Ready Play, SafeAssure, the SafeAssure logo, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, Vybrid and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All
other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
Low Drop Out 7V
Regulator
External logic-level
N-Channel MOSFET
ON/OFF command
from µCore
External gate
resistor
4 selectable slew
rates
Current Sense
Resistor
Pull-Down Resistor
TM
16
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, ColdFire+, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, Kinetis,
mobileGT, PowerQUICC, Processor Expert, QorIQ, Qorivva, StarCore, Symphony and VortiQa are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.,
Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
Ready Play, SafeAssure, the SafeAssure logo, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, Vybrid and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All
other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
(Ch1µC0)
5 independent high-side VDS
monitors:
(Ch1µC1)
- 2 dedicated to VBOOST or VBAT voltage
- 3 dedicated to VBAT voltage only
5 independent high-side VSRC
monitors
6 independent low-side VDS
monitors
Threshold values changed in data
registers via microcode or SPI
(Ch2µC0)
(Ch2µC1)
TM
17
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, ColdFire+, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, Kinetis,
mobileGT, PowerQUICC, Processor Expert, QorIQ, Qorivva, StarCore, Symphony and VortiQa are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.,
Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
Ready Play, SafeAssure, the SafeAssure logo, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, Vybrid and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All
other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
8 selectable VDS thresholds for high sides
8 selectable
VRSC
thresholds
for high sides
Comparators provide
digital fault indications
TM
8 selectable VDS
thresholds for low sides
18
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, ColdFire+, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, Kinetis,
mobileGT, PowerQUICC, Processor Expert, QorIQ, Qorivva, StarCore, Symphony and VortiQa are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.,
Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
Ready Play, SafeAssure, the SafeAssure logo, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, Vybrid and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All
other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
(Ch1µC0)
The Crossbar Switch configures
connections between µCores
and analog resources
(Ch1µC1)
Maps µCore control of:
•
Outputs
•
Slew rate
•
Biasing
•
VDS Monitors
•
Current sense blocks gain
•
Current sense blocks feedback
gain
•
VBOOST DAC setting
•
VBOOST current feedback gain
(Ch2µC0)
(Ch2µC1)
TM
19
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, ColdFire+, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, Kinetis,
mobileGT, PowerQUICC, Processor Expert, QorIQ, Qorivva, StarCore, Symphony and VortiQa are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.,
Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
Ready Play, SafeAssure, the SafeAssure logo, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, Vybrid and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All
other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
(Ch1µC0)
3 standard current measurement
blocks – single threshold current
comparison
(Ch1µC1)
„Shunt resistor, connected to
ground‟ topology must be used
4 values of gain, selected by
microcode or SPI
VSENSE differential voltage can
also be routed to OA_x pin
ADC mode
(Ch2µC0)
Automatic offset compensation
TM
(Ch2µC1)
20
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, ColdFire+, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, Kinetis,
mobileGT, PowerQUICC, Processor Expert, QorIQ, Qorivva, StarCore, Symphony and VortiQa are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.,
Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
Ready Play, SafeAssure, the SafeAssure logo, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, Vybrid and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All
other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
Pre-Driver
Ground
referenced
current sense
resistor
Analog MUX
8 bit DAC sets thresholds
via SPI or µCore
TM
Differential amplifier
21
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, ColdFire+, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, Kinetis,
mobileGT, PowerQUICC, Processor Expert, QorIQ, Qorivva, StarCore, Symphony and VortiQa are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.,
Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
Ready Play, SafeAssure, the SafeAssure logo, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, Vybrid and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All
other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
(Ch1µC0)
1 specific current measurement block
– triple threshold current comparison
for DC-DC conversion in current mode
(Ch1µC1)
„Shunt resistor, connected to ground‟
topology must be used
4 values of gain selected by
microcode or SPI
VSENSE differential voltage can be
routed to OA_2 pin only
(Ch2µC0)
(Ch2µC1)
TM
22
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, ColdFire+, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, Kinetis,
mobileGT, PowerQUICC, Processor Expert, QorIQ, Qorivva, StarCore, Symphony and VortiQa are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.,
Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
Ready Play, SafeAssure, the SafeAssure logo, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, Vybrid and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All
other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
3 Current threshold
comparators
Ground
referenced
current sense
resistor
Differential
8 bit DACs set high
amplifiers
and low thresholds 4 bit DAC sets
via SPI or µCore negative threshold
TM
via SPI or µCore
23
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, ColdFire+, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, Kinetis,
mobileGT, PowerQUICC, Processor Expert, QorIQ, Qorivva, StarCore, Symphony and VortiQa are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.,
Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
Ready Play, SafeAssure, the SafeAssure logo, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, Vybrid and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All
other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
LS7 dedicated to BOOST DC/DC Converter
Current measurement block 4 dedicated to BOOST converter
Boost voltage feedback with integrated divider
Regulation loop controlled by means of microcode
Triple threshold
comparator
Pre-Driver LS7
Ground
referenced
current
sense
resistor
4-bit DAC sets
negative threshold
via SPI or µCore
8-bit DACs set high
and low thresholds
via SPI or µCore
TM
24
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Pre-Driver LS7
Overview - Hardware
Triple threshold current
comparator
External circuitry
VBoost Voltage
Feedback
VBoost Voltage
Comparator
TM
8-bit DAC sets
VBOOST voltage
via SPI or µCore
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•
Ground loss detection
−
Loss of connection between one or more ground pins and the system ground will
result in a fault indication
•
Code RAM memory BIST
•
Contents of Code RAM is checked via a Check Sum for bit corruption
•
Cipher encryption of Code RAM at download
•
−
Code RAM must be loaded with encrypted code
−
Code RAM contents read-out in encrypted form only
External digital input-output (I/O) able to sustain up to 18V
−
Extra safety provided by higher maximum voltage rating on digital I/O pins
−
Normal external digital I/O on other products are only able to sustain 7.0 volts
TM
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MC33816 Internal Flag Bus:
• 16 internal digital flags available
• Certain flags are the bitwise-AND‟d from each of the 4 µCores
• Default value is „0‟
• Some flags routed to external pins, some are internal
• Used for Inter-processor and Intra-processor communication
• Flag definitions
Flag number (0-15)
Pin name assigned
Defined function type
0 to 2
FLAGx (x=1 to 3)
Digital Inputs/Outputs
3 to 8
STARTx (x=1 to 6)
Digital Inputs
9
IRQ (Interrupt Request)
Digital Output
10 and 11
OA_x (x=1, 2)
Analog Outputs
12
DBG (Debug)
Digital Output
13 to 15
TM
No pin assigned (3 Internal flags)
27
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•
STARTx Flags (inputs to the MC33816)
−
−
•
FLAGx Flags (Inputs/Outputs to/from the MC33816)
−
−
•
−
Provides analog voltage to MCU A/D converter for resolution and accuracy
Two outputs mux‟d to provide outputs from all 4 measurement blocks
DBG Flag (One debug digital output from MC33816)
−
•
Initiates MCU interrupt for time critical updates such as fault conditions
OA Flags (Analog Outputs from Current measurement blocks)
−
•
Can be used by the MC33816 to tell the MCU an injection cycle is completed
Provide three signals between the MCU and the MC33816
IRQB Flag (Interrupt Request from the MC33816)
−
•
For MCU to command the MC33816 to begin an injection cycle
Six STARTx inputs for up to six separate injectors
Provides indication of branches taken during program execution
General Purpose Internal Flags (for inter-core communication)
−
Can provide three internal semaphores
TM
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•
Purpose for introducing the MC33816
•
Overview of MC33816
− Hardware
− Software
•
– Circuit functions and features
– Instruction set and tools
MC33816 Applications and Examples
− 3,
4 and 6 cylinder examples
− Peak
and Hold waveform generation
− Boost
TM
voltage regulator
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Address
10
µCore
(x4)
Code RAM
1023x16
16
µPC
Auxiliary
Register
Instructions
10
10
Start
10
Address Base +
Address
Data RAM
64x16
16
6
Instruction
Decoder
Outputs
Current Feedbacks
Address
6
16
16
16
Comparator Feedbacks
Diagnostic Intr.
Data
ALU
8 x 16
4 Counters
&
4 EOC_Regs
4 TC
16
Flags
1x16
TM
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•
93 instructions in 7 categories:
− Arithmetic
Logic Unit (27)
− Configuration
− Diagnostic
− Interrupt
− Jump
− Load
− Wait
(29)
(3)
and Subroutine (6)
(16)
(9)
(3)
TM
31
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1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
add – addition of two registers
addi – addition with immediate register
and – mask AND with immediate register
mul – multiplication of two registers
muli – multiplication with immediate value
not – invert contents of a register
or – mask OR with immediate register
sub – subtraction of two registers
subi – subtraction with immediate register
swap – swap high and low bytes of a register
toc2 – performs 2’s complement on register
toint – converts 2’s complement to integer
xor – mask XOR with immediate register
TM
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14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
sh32l – shift 32-bit register left (register)
sh32li – shift 32-bit register left immediate
sh32r – shift 32-bit register right (register)
sh32ri – shift 32-bit register right immediate
shl – shift register left (register)
shl8 – shift register left 8 positions
shli – shift register left immediate
shls – shift register left signed (register)
shlsi – shift register left signed immediate
shr – shift register right (register)
shr8 – shift register right 8 positions
shri – shift register right immediate
shrs – shift register right signed (register)
shrsi - shift register right signed immediate
TM
33
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ALU
Eight 16 bit General Purpose Registers r0 – r7
r0
r1
r2
r3
r4
Immediate register
(r5)
ir
32 bit register
r6
mh
r7
ml
Condition register
condition
TM
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The ALU general purpose registers (r0 – r4) can be used
as:
• Source (operands) for arithmetic and logical operations
• Destination (results) for arithmetic and logical operations
The ALU 32-bit register(mh, ml) can be used as:
• Two general purpose registers (r6 and r7)
• One 32-bit register used for 32-bit shift instructions
• One 32-bit register used in multiplication instructions
TM
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The ALU immediate register (ir) can be used as:
•
General purpose register
•
SPI address for the SPI backdoor operations
•
Offset to modify the address towards the Data Ram.
•
Mask value for logic operations (AND, OR, XOR)
•
Constant value
The ALU immediate value is a 4-bit (0 – 15) number that can be
used as:
•
A factor in a multiplication
•
An operand in other ALU instructions
TM
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BIT
NAME
DESCRIPTION
15
SHIFT_OUT
Shifted out bit
14
CONV_SIGN
Last conversion sign
13
CARRY
Carry over bit
12-11
ARITH_LOGIC
Arithmetic logic
10
MASK_MIN
Mask result 0x0000
9
MASK_MAX
Mask result 0xFFFF
8
MUL_SHIFT_OVR
Multiplication shift overflow
7
MUL_SHIFT_LOSS
Multiplication shift precision loss
6
RES_ZERO
Addition or subtraction result is zero
5
RES_SIGN
Addition or subtraction sign result
4
UNSIGNED_UND
Unsigned underflow
3
UNSIGNED_OVR
Unsigned overflow
2
SIGNED_UND
Signed underflow
1
SIGNED_OVR
Signed overflow
0
OP_DONE
Operation complete
TM
37
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1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
bias – enables/disables a single bias structure
chth – changes threshold on feedback comparator
dfcsct – define shortcut for current feedback
dfsct – define shortcut for outputs
rdspi – request SPI read
rstreg – reset register
rstsl – reset start latch register
slab – select address base
slfbk– select feedback source
slsa – selects which register to use as SPI address
stab – load value in address base register
stadc – enables/disables ADC conversion on specified
current measurement block
TM
38
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13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
stal – set ALU mode
stcrb – set control register bit
stcrt – set channel communication register
stdcctl– set DC/DC control mode
stdm – set DAC register access mode
stdrm– set DRAM read mode
steoa– enable end of actuation mode
stf – set flag
stfw– set freewheeling mode
stgn – set Op Amp gain
stirq – set interrupt request output pin
sto – set single output
stoc – set offset compensation
stos – set output shortcut
TM
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27.
stslew – set slew rate
28.
stsrb – set status register bit
29.
wrspi– request SPI write (backdoor)
TM
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1.
endiag – enable diagnostics (single)
2.
endiaga – enable diagnostics (all)
3.
endiags – enable diagnostic shortcut
TM
41
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1.
iconf – interrupt configuration
2.
iret – return from interrupt
3.
reqi – request for software interrupt
1.
jtsf – jump to subroutine far
2.
jtsr – jump to subroutine relative
3.
rfs – return from subroutine
TM
42
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1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
jarf – jump on arithmetic register far
jarr – jump on arithmetic register relative
jcrf – jump on control register far
jcrr – jump on control register relative
jfbkf – jump on feedback far
jfbkr – jump on feedback relative
jmpf – unconditional jump far
jmpr – unconditional jump relative
jocf – jump on flag condition far
jocr – jump on flag condition relative
joidf – jump on µcore id far
joidr – jump on µcore id relative
joslf – jump on start-latch far
TM
43
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14.
joslr – jump on start-latch relative
15.
jsrf – jump on status register far
16.
jsrr– jump on status register relative
TM
44
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1.
cp – copy source to destination register
2.
ldca – load counter from register and set outputs
3.
ldcd– load counter from DRAM and set outputs
4.
ldirh – load immediate register high-byte
5.
ldirl– load immediate register low-byte
6.
ldjr1 – load jump register 1
7.
ldjr2 – load jump register 2
8.
load – load data from DRAM to register
9.
store– store data from register to DRAM
TM
45
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1.
cwef – create wait table entry far
2.
cwer – create wait table entry relative
3.
wait – wait until a condition is verified
TM
46
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1.
MC33816 Data sheet for hardware reference
2.
MC33816 Software programming reference manual
3.
MC33816 EVB with 4 Cylinder and DC/DC software
4.
Assembler with built-in encryptor
5.
SPIGen register setting with software download capability
6.
Software simulator with debug capability*
7.
Execution tracing module and software to use the dbg flag pin.*
*coming soon
TM
47
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, ColdFire+, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, Kinetis,
mobileGT, PowerQUICC, Processor Expert, QorIQ, Qorivva, StarCore, Symphony and VortiQa are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.,
Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
Ready Play, SafeAssure, the SafeAssure logo, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, Vybrid and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All
other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
•
Purpose for introducing the MC33816
•
Overview of MC33816
− Hardware
− Software
•
– Circuit functions and features
– Instruction set and tools
MC33816 Applications and Examples
−4
cylinder example
− Peak
and Hold waveform generation
− Boost
TM
voltage regulator
48
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, ColdFire+, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, Kinetis,
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Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
Ready Play, SafeAssure, the SafeAssure logo, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, Vybrid and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All
other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
TM
49
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, ColdFire+, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, Kinetis,
mobileGT, PowerQUICC, Processor Expert, QorIQ, Qorivva, StarCore, Symphony and VortiQa are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.,
Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
Ready Play, SafeAssure, the SafeAssure logo, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, Vybrid and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All
other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
TM
50
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, ColdFire+, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, Kinetis,
mobileGT, PowerQUICC, Processor Expert, QorIQ, Qorivva, StarCore, Symphony and VortiQa are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.,
Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
Ready Play, SafeAssure, the SafeAssure logo, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, Vybrid and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All
other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
TM
51
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, ColdFire+, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, Kinetis,
mobileGT, PowerQUICC, Processor Expert, QorIQ, Qorivva, StarCore, Symphony and VortiQa are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.,
Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
Ready Play, SafeAssure, the SafeAssure logo, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, Vybrid and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All
other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
TM
52
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, ColdFire+, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, Kinetis,
mobileGT, PowerQUICC, Processor Expert, QorIQ, Qorivva, StarCore, Symphony and VortiQa are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.,
Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
Ready Play, SafeAssure, the SafeAssure logo, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, Vybrid and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All
other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
Filter
Hysteretic conversion mode:
variable frequency
Vboost
• Async Phase: current
automatic regulation between
MaxCurrent and MinCurrent
up to Vboost>VboostHigh
LS7 gate
• Sync Phase: MOSFET off up
to Vboost < VboostLow
Isense4
• MaxCurrent must be lower
than the inductor saturation
current
ILS7
• Filter (usTime) is used to filter
Vboost feedback
Filter
•
VboostHigh
VboostLow
MaxCurrent
MinCurrent
Iboostcap
TM
53
Time
Async
Sync
Phase
Phase
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, ColdFire+, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, Kinetis,
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other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
Initialization phase:
−
Set current threshold
−
Set boost voltage condition
Filter
Filter
•
VboostHigh
Vboost
VboostLow
LS7 gate
MaxCurrent
Isense4
MinCurrent
ILS7
Iboostcap
TM
54
Time
Async
Sync
Phase
Phase
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, ColdFire+, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, Kinetis,
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Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
Ready Play, SafeAssure, the SafeAssure logo, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, Vybrid and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All
other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
LS7 is ON until
Isense4 >MaxCurrent
• Current flowing
through the inductor
and the LS7 MOSFET
• Async phase up to
Vboost>VboostHigh
Filter
Filter
•
VboostHigh
Vboost
VboostLow
LS7 gate
MaxCurrent
Isense4
MinCurrent
ILS7
ON
Isense4
ILS7
Iboostcap
TM
55
Time
Async
Sync
Phase
Phase
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, ColdFire+, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, Kinetis,
mobileGT, PowerQUICC, Processor Expert, QorIQ, Qorivva, StarCore, Symphony and VortiQa are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.,
Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
Ready Play, SafeAssure, the SafeAssure logo, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, Vybrid and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All
other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
•
Isense4
TM
Filter
Filter
VboostHigh
VboostLow
MaxCurrent
MinCurrent
ILS7
OFF
Iboostcap
•
LS7 is OFF until
Isense4 < MinCurrent
Vboost
Current flowing
through the diode and
charging the capacitor
LS7 gate
Async phase up to
Vboost>VboostHigh
Iboostcap
Isense4
•
56
Async
Sync
Phase
Phase
Time
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, ColdFire+, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, Kinetis,
mobileGT, PowerQUICC, Processor Expert, QorIQ, Qorivva, StarCore, Symphony and VortiQa are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.,
Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
Ready Play, SafeAssure, the SafeAssure logo, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, Vybrid and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All
other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
Filter
Filter
LS7 is OFF until
Vboost < VboostLow
VboostHigh
Vboost
VboostLow
OFF
LS7 gate
MaxCurrent
Isense4
MinCurrent
ILS7
Isense4
•
Iboostcap
TM
57
Time
Async
Sync
Phase
Phase
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, ColdFire+, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, Kinetis,
mobileGT, PowerQUICC, Processor Expert, QorIQ, Qorivva, StarCore, Symphony and VortiQa are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.,
Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
Ready Play, SafeAssure, the SafeAssure logo, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, Vybrid and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All
other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
TM
58
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, ColdFire+, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, Kinetis,
mobileGT, PowerQUICC, Processor Expert, QorIQ, Qorivva, StarCore, Symphony and VortiQa are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.,
Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
Ready Play, SafeAssure, the SafeAssure logo, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, Vybrid and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All
other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
TM
•
One injector shown.
•
Common (banked) features are
high side supplies and current
feedback
•
Individual cylinders get individual
low side (LS) FETs
59
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Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
Ready Play, SafeAssure, the SafeAssure logo, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, Vybrid and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All
other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
TM
•
All FETs off
•
No current flow
60
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Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
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other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
TM
•
Bank 1 Boost ON
•
Inj1 HS Bat OFF
•
Inj1 Low side ON
•
Vbat blocked by diode D1
•
Current rises to peak target
61
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other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
•
Bank 1 Boost OFF
•
Inj1 HS Bat OFF
•
Inj1 Low side ON
•
Current
recirculates
through D2 and
decays
•
Peak phase is
combination of
Peak ON and
Peak OFF
TM
62
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, ColdFire+, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, Kinetis,
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Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
Ready Play, SafeAssure, the SafeAssure logo, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, Vybrid and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All
other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
TM
•
Bank 1 Boost OFF
•
Inj1 HS Bat OFF
•
Inj1 Low side ON
•
Current recirculates through D2 and decays
•
Peak phase is combination of Peak ON and Peak OFF
63
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, ColdFire+, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, Kinetis,
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Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
Ready Play, SafeAssure, the SafeAssure logo, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, Vybrid and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All
other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
•
•
•
•
•
•
TM
Bank 1 HS Boost OFF
Bank 1 HS Bat OFF
Inj1 LS OFF
Current re-circulates through D2 and D3
High voltage energy recovery to boost
supply capacitor
Faster decay rate than Peak OFF
64
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Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
Ready Play, SafeAssure, the SafeAssure logo, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, Vybrid and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All
other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
TM
•
Bank 1 HS Boost OFF
•
Bank 1 HS Bat ON
•
Inj1 LS ON
•
Current rises to hold target
65
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, ColdFire+, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, Kinetis,
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Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
Ready Play, SafeAssure, the SafeAssure logo, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, Vybrid and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All
other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
•
TM
Same as Peak OFF
−
Bank 1 HS Boost OFF
−
Bank 1 HS Bat OFF
−
Inj1 LS ON
•
Current re-circulates through D2 and decays
•
Hold phase is combination of Hold ON and Hold OFF
66
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, ColdFire+, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, Kinetis,
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Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
Ready Play, SafeAssure, the SafeAssure logo, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, Vybrid and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All
other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
•
TM
Same as Peak Decay
−
Bank 1 HS Boost OFF
−
Bank 1 HS Bat OFF
−
Inj1 LS OFF
•
Current re-circulates through D2 and D3
•
High voltage energy recovery to boost supply
capacitor
67
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, ColdFire+, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, Kinetis,
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Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
Ready Play, SafeAssure, the SafeAssure logo, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, Vybrid and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All
other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
Defaults in brackets
Boost
Max current (20A)
Max duration (100uA)
Timeout or Target Current
MCU trigger
Peak
Max current (20A)
Toff (5us)
Switch: Toff/Min Current (18A)
Max duration (300us)
Off
Timeout or Target Current
Timeout or Target Current
Peak Decay
Target current (10A)
Max duration (15us)
Hold Decay
Target current (0.1A)
Max duration (50us)
Timeout or Target Current
Hold
Max current (10A)
Toff (15us)
Switch: Toff/Min Current (8A)
TM
68
Timeout or Target Current
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, ColdFire+, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, Kinetis,
mobileGT, PowerQUICC, Processor Expert, QorIQ, Qorivva, StarCore, Symphony and VortiQa are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.,
Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
Ready Play, SafeAssure, the SafeAssure logo, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, Vybrid and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All
other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
•
Manage transitions. Current may be above or below threshold
on entry, use appropriate state ON or OFF
•
Option on current control:
− Threshold
then Toff
− Threshold
to threshold (Current measurement 4 only)
TM
69
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, ColdFire+, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, Kinetis,
mobileGT, PowerQUICC, Processor Expert, QorIQ, Qorivva, StarCore, Symphony and VortiQa are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.,
Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
Ready Play, SafeAssure, the SafeAssure logo, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, Vybrid and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All
other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
•
Currents and default durations programmed over SPI
•
Start signal from MCU rising triggers start of injection pulse
•
Start signal from MCU triggers end of HOLD phase
Start signal
TM
70
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, ColdFire+, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, Kinetis,
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Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
Ready Play, SafeAssure, the SafeAssure logo, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, Vybrid and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All
other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
•
High side Boost supply FET with PWM
− Two
•
High side Battery supply FET with PWM
− Two
•
on EVB
Low side FET with PWM
− Four
•
on EVB
on EVB
Current sense low side channel
− Four
on EVB
TM
71
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, ColdFire+, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, Kinetis,
mobileGT, PowerQUICC, Processor Expert, QorIQ, Qorivva, StarCore, Symphony and VortiQa are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.,
Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
Ready Play, SafeAssure, the SafeAssure logo, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, Vybrid and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All
other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
TM
72
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, ColdFire+, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, Kinetis,
mobileGT, PowerQUICC, Processor Expert, QorIQ, Qorivva, StarCore, Symphony and VortiQa are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.,
Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
Ready Play, SafeAssure, the SafeAssure logo, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, Vybrid and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All
other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
•
Purpose for introducing the MC33816
•
Overview of MC33816
− Hardware
− Software
•
– Circuit functions and features
– Instruction set and tools
MC33816 Applications and Examples
−4
and 6 cylinder examples
− Peak
and Hold waveform generation
− Boost
TM
voltage regulator
73
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, ColdFire+, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, Kinetis,
mobileGT, PowerQUICC, Processor Expert, QorIQ, Qorivva, StarCore, Symphony and VortiQa are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.,
Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
Ready Play, SafeAssure, the SafeAssure logo, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, Vybrid and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All
other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
•
For more information see the following additional slides or
contact the authors.
Facebook.com/Freescale
Tag yourself in photos
and upload your own!
Tweeting?
Please use hashtag
#FTF2012
Session materials will be posted @ www.freescale.com/FTF
Look for announcements in the FTF Group on LinkedIn or follow Freescale on Twitter
TM
74
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, ColdFire+, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, Kinetis,
mobileGT, PowerQUICC, Processor Expert, QorIQ, Qorivva, StarCore, Symphony and VortiQa are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.,
Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
Ready Play, SafeAssure, the SafeAssure logo, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, Vybrid and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All
other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
TM
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire,
ColdFire+, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, Kinetis, mobileGT, PowerQUICC,
Processor Expert, QorIQ, Qorivva, StarCore, Symphony and VortiQa are trademarks of
Freescale Semiconductor, Inc., Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack,
CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
Ready Play, SafeAssure, the SafeAssure logo, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, Vybrid and
Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All other product or service
names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
.
•
Diagnostics and FMEN
•
Flag Configuration Details
•
Instructions Detailed Description
TM
76
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Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
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other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
•
Boost FET
− Open:
report, leave FET on
− Short to Vbat: report, turn FET off and retry next event
− Short to Gnd: report, turn FET off and retry next event
•
Battery FET
− Open:
report, leave FET on
− Short to Vbat: report, leave FET on
− Short to Gnd: report, turn FET off and retry next event
•
Low side FET
− Open:
report, leave FET on
− Short to Vbat: report, turn FET off and retry next event
− Short to Gnd: report, leave FET on
TM
77
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other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
− Failure
to reach Boost voltage: report and continue
− Failure
to reach target current in prescribed duration (any phase):
report and continue
TM
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Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, ColdFire+, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, Kinetis,
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Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
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other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
•
Diagnostics and FMEN
•
Flag Configuration Details
•
Instructions Detailed Description
TM
79
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, ColdFire+, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, Kinetis,
mobileGT, PowerQUICC, Processor Expert, QorIQ, Qorivva, StarCore, Symphony and VortiQa are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.,
Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
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other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.




Can be connected to the STARTx pins (digital input pins)
Can provide direct digital inputs to the µCores (programmable)
Set as output combination of the Logic Channels 1 and 2 local
flags
Set as internal flag the STARTx pin keep their primary
functions.
TM
80
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Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
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other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.

Always connected to FLAGx pins (digital input pins)
 Set as input directly feedbacks the µCores
 Set as output combination of the Logic Channels 1
and 2 ‘local’ flags
TM
81
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, ColdFire+, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, Kinetis,
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Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
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other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.




Can be connected to the IRQB and DBG pins (digital pins)
Set as input directly feedbacks the µCores
Set as output combination of the Logic Channels 1 and 2 ‘local’
flags
Set as internal flag the STARTx pin keep their primary functions.
TM
82
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, ColdFire+, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, Kinetis,
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Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
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other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.




Can be connected to the OA_x pins (analog output pins)
Set as input directly feedbacks the µCores
Set as output combination of the Logic Channels 1 and 2
‘local’ flags
Set as internal flag the OA_x pin keep their primary functions.
TM
83
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, ColdFire+, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, Kinetis,
mobileGT, PowerQUICC, Processor Expert, QorIQ, Qorivva, StarCore, Symphony and VortiQa are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.,
Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
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other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
•
Internal flags only
TM
84
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Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
Ready Play, SafeAssure, the SafeAssure logo, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, Vybrid and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All
other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
•
Diagnostics and FMEN
•
Flag Configuration Details
•
Instructions Detailed Description
TM
85
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, ColdFire+, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, Kinetis,
mobileGT, PowerQUICC, Processor Expert, QorIQ, Qorivva, StarCore, Symphony and VortiQa are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.,
Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
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other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
93 instructions in 7 categories:
Arithmetic Logic Unit (27)
Configuration (29)
Diagnostic (3)
Interrupt and Subroutine (6)
Jump (16)
Load (9)
Wait (3)
TM
86
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Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
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other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
add – addition of two registers
addi – addition with immediate register
and – mask AND with immediate register
mul – multiplication of two registers
muli – multiplication with immediate value
not – invert contents of a register
or – mask OR with immediate register
sub – subtraction of two registers
subi – subtraction with immediate register
swap – swap high and low bytes of a register
toc2 – performs 2‟s complement on register
toint – converts 2‟s complement to integer
xor – mask XOR with immediate register
TM
87
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Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
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other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
sh32l – shift 32-bit register left (register)
sh32li – shift 32-bit register left immediate
sh32r – shift 32-bit register right (register)
sh32ri – shift 32-bit register right immediate
shl – shift register left (register)
shl8 – shift register left 8 positions
shli – shift register left immediate
shls – shift register left signed (register)
shlsi – shift register left signed immediate
shr – shift register right (register)
shr8 – shift register right 8 positions
shri – shift register right immediate
shrs – shift register right signed (register)
shrsi - shift register right signed immediate
TM
88
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other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
The ALU contains a single-cycle 16-bit adder. Overflow and underflow are managed
according to the configuration called arithmetic_logic.
Instruction “stal
•
arithLogic”:
Set the ARITH_LOGIC(1:0) bits of the ALU configuration register:
•
al1, C2 : number are considered to be 2-complement. Overflow limit is 0x7FFF,
underflow limit is 0x8000.
•
al2, C2sat : number are considered to be 2-complement. Overflow limit is
0x7FFF, underflow limit is 0x8000. In case of overflow the result is saturated to
0x7FFF, in case of underflow the result is saturated to 0x8000.
•
al3, Pos : number are considered to be positive. Overflow limit is 0xFFFF,
underflow limit is 0x0000.
•
al4, PosSat : number are considered to positive. Overflow limit is 0xFFFF,
underflow limit is 0x0000. In case of overflow the result is saturated to 0xFFFF, in
case of underflow the result is saturated to 0x0000.
Condition register bits affected:
•
ARITH_LOGIC (12-11)
TM
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other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
Instruction “add
•
op1 op2 res”:
Reg[res] = Reg[op1] + Reg[op2]
Instruction “addi
•
Reg[res] = Reg[op1] + imm
Instruction “sub
•
op1 op2 res”:
Reg[res] = Reg[op1] - Reg[op2]
Instruction “subi
•
op1 immediate res”:
op1 immediate res”:
Reg[res] = Reg[op1] - imm
Condition register bits affected:
•
CARRY
(13),
RES_ZERO
(6),
RES_SIGN(5),
UNSIGNED_UND
UNSIGNED_OVR (3), SIGNED_UND (2), SIGNED_OVR (1)
(4),
Note: The operand „imm‟ is a 4-bit immediate value a an direct instruction parameter.
TM
90
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, ColdFire+, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, Kinetis,
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Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
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other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
The ALU contains a single-cycle 16-bit x 16-bit multiplier. The multiplier
produces a 329-bit result, so overflow is not possible. The result is
correct only if the operands are represented as positive numbers. The
result is available after 32 clock cycles.
Instruction “mul
•
op1 op2”:
m = Reg[op1] * Reg[op2]
Instruction “muli
•
op1 immediate”:
GPR6 & GPR7 = Reg[op1] * imm
Condition register bits affected:
•
MUL_SHIFT_OVR (8), MUL_SHIFT_LOSS (7), OP_DONE (0)
TM
91
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other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
To multiply 2-complement represented numbers, they must first be converted to positive representation.
Instruction “toint
•
op1 rst”:
Extract the module from a 2-complement represented number. The sign can either replace or be accumulated in
the CONV_SIGN bit. The operation consumes the operand.
Instruction “toc2
op1”:
•
Convert the operand from positive to 2-complement representation by adding the sign contained in the
CONV_SIGN bit.
•
Example:
toint r0 rst;
* convert the first operand => rst => *
* CONV_SIGN = signof(r0)
toint r1 _rst;
*
* convert the first operand =>_rst => *
* CONV_SIGN = CONV_SIGN * signof(r1)
*
mul r0 r1;
toc2 mh;
* takes as a result 16 MSBs of the result *
* and add the the sign CONV_SIGN = signof(r1) * signof(r2) *
Condition register bit affected:
•
CONV_SIGN (14)
TM
92
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other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
The result of these shift operation is available after a number of clock cycles equal to the
number of shift positions required.
Instruction “shr
•
Reg[op1] = Reg[op1] >> Reg[op2]. The bits shifted in are all „0‟.
Instruction “shl
•
op1 op2”:
op1 op2”:
Reg[op1] = Reg[op1] << Reg[op2]. The bits shifted in are all „0‟.
Instruction “shri
•
Reg[op1] = Reg[op1] >> immediate. The bits shifted in are all „0‟.
Instruction “shli
•
op1 immediate”:
op1 immediate”:
Reg[op1] = Reg[op1] << immediate. The bits shifted in are all „0‟.
ALU Condition register bits affected:
•
SHIFT_OUT (15), OP_DONE (0)
TM
93
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, ColdFire+, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, Kinetis,
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Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
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other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
The result of these shift operation is available after a number of clock cycles equal to the
number of shift positions required. In all these instruction the MSB is not shifted.
Instruction “shrs
•
Reg[op1] = Reg[op1] >> Reg[op2]. The bits shifted in are equal to the MSB.
Instruction “shls
•
op1 op2”:
op1 op2”:
Reg[op1] = Reg[op1] << Reg[op2]. The bits shifted in are all „0‟.
Instruction “shrsi
op1 immediate”:
Reg[op1] = Reg[op1] >> immediate. The bits shifted in are equal to the MSB.
Instruction “shlsi
•
op1 immediate”:
Reg[op1] = Reg[op1] << immediate. The bits shifted in are all „0‟.
ALU Condition register bits affected:
•
SHIFT_OUT (15), OP_DONE (0)
TM
94
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, ColdFire+, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, Kinetis,
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Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
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other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
The result of these shift operation is available after a number of clock cycles equal to the
number of shift positions required. These instructions operate only on the 32-bit register.
Instruction “sh32r
•
m = mh & ml >> Reg[op1]. The bits shifted in are all „0‟.
Instruction “sh32l
•
op1”:
op1”:
m = mh & ml << Reg[op1]. The bits shifted in are all „0‟.
Instruction “sh32ri
•
m = mh & ml >> immediate. The bits shifted in are all „0‟.
Instruction “sh32li
•
immediate”:
immediate”:
m = mh & ml << immediate. The bits shifted in are all „0‟.
ALU Condition register bits affected:
•
SHIFT_OUT (15), OP_DONE (0)
TM
95
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, ColdFire+, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, Kinetis,
mobileGT, PowerQUICC, Processor Expert, QorIQ, Qorivva, StarCore, Symphony and VortiQa are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.,
Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
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other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
These operations are all single cycle. Useful for 8 bit operations.
Instruction “sh8r
•
Reg[op1] = Reg[op1] >> 8. The bits shifted in are all „0‟.
Instruction “sh8l
•
op1”:
Reg[op1] = Reg[op1] << 8. The bit shifted in are all „0‟.
Instruction “swap
•
op1”:
op1”:
Reg[op1] = (Reg[op1] << 8) + (Reg[op1] >> 8).
ALU Condition register bits affected:
•
None
TM
96
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, ColdFire+, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, Kinetis,
mobileGT, PowerQUICC, Processor Expert, QorIQ, Qorivva, StarCore, Symphony and VortiQa are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.,
Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
Ready Play, SafeAssure, the SafeAssure logo, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, Vybrid and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All
other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
Logic operations always consumes the operand. If a mask is needed, the immediate
register is used (r5).
Instruction “not
•
Every bit of Reg[op1] is inverted.
Instruction “and
•
op1”:
Reg[op1] = Reg[op1] | r5.
Instruction “xor
•
op1”:
Reg[op1] = Reg[op1] & r5.
Instruction “or
•
op1”:
op1”:
Reg[op1] = Reg[op1] ^ r5.
Condition register bits affected:
•
MASK_MIN(10), MASK_MAX (9)
TM
97
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, ColdFire+, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, Kinetis,
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Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
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other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
93 instructions in 7 categories:
Arithmetic Logic Unit (27)
Configuration (29)
Diagnostic (3)
Interrupt and Subroutine (6)
Jump (16)
Load (9)
Wait (3)
TM
98
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Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
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other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
bias – enables/disables a single bias structure
chth – changes threshold on feedback comparator
dfcsct – define shortcut for current feedback
dfsct – define shortcut for outputs
rdspi – request SPI read
rstreg – reset register
rstsl – reset start latch register
slab – select address base
slfbk– select feedback source
slsa – selects which register to use as SPI address
stab – load value in address base register
stadc – enables/disables ADC conversion on specified
current measurement block
TM
99
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Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
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other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
stal – set ALU mode (ARITH_LOGIC(1:0) bits )
stcrb – set control register bit
stcrt – set channel communication register
stdcctl– set DC/DC control mode
stdm – set DAC register access mode
stdrm– set DRAM read mode
steoa– enable end of actuation mode
stf – set flag
stfw– set freewheeling mode
stgn – set Op Amp gain
stirq – set interrupt request output pin
sto – set single output
stoc – set offset compensation
stos – set output shortcut
TM
100
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other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
27.
stslew – set slew rate
28.
stsrb – set status register bit
29.
wrspi– request SPI write (backdoor)
TM
101
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Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
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other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
The action of all these instructions is masked by the “output_access” register of
the µCore.
Instruction “bias
•
sel ctrl”:
Biasing can be configured as described below.
o
a single bias structure
o
all HS bias structures
o
all LS bias structures
o
all bias structures
Instruction “stslew
•
Force or unforce the value of the slewrate to the maximum value.
Instruction “chth
•
sel”:
sel level”:
Set the threshold of a voltage feedback comparator.
TM
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Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
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other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
Instruction “stab
•
addrbase”:
Set the Data RAM Address Base.
Instruction “slab
•
sel”:
Force the ALU GPR5 (immediate register) as Data RAM offset instead of the Address Base. By
default the Address Base is used.
TM
103
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Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
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other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
Instruction “stdrm
•
sel”:
Select the “data ram read mode” per the combinations below:
o
word : when a “load” instruction is executed, all the 16 bit of the data ram value are written in
the destination register. This is the default value.
o
lowbyte : when a “load” instruction is executed, all the 8 LSBs of the data ram value are
written in the 8 LSBs of the destination register. The 8 MSBs of the destination register are filled
with „0‟.
o
highbyte : when a “load” instruction is executed, all the 8 MSBs of the data ram value are
written in the 8 LSBs of the destination register. The 8 MSBs of the destination register are filled
with „0‟.
o
swapbyte : when a “load” instruction is executed, all the 8 MSBs and the 8 LSBs of the data
ram value are written swapped in the destination register.
TM
104
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Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
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other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
Reading or writing an SPI accessible register always requires a multi-instruction set.
Instruction “slsa
•
sel”:
Select if the address to be used for the operation is spi_add or GPR5. By default the address used
is spi_add.
Instruction “rdspi”:
•
Read the SPI register at the address 0x100 + the selected address. The result is available at in
the register spi_data.
Instruction “wrspi”:
•
Write the value contained in the internal register spi_data into the SPI register at the address
0x100 + the selected address.
TM
105
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mobileGT, PowerQUICC, Processor Expert, QorIQ, Qorivva, StarCore, Symphony and VortiQa are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.,
Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
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other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
In order to optimize the code size 3 output shortcuts and 1 current feedback shortcut can
be defined.
Instruction “dfcsct
•
Define one of the current feedback as shortcut. For this purpose, only current
feedbacks 1 to 4L can be selected (define 4H and 4Neg is not allowed). The
instructions that can use the current feedback defined as shortcut are:
•
conditional jump/wait on feedbacks (“jocr/f”, “cwer/f”) (own current feedback
high/low)
Instruction “dfsct
•
short”:
short1 short2 short3”:
Define up to 3 output shortcuts. More than 1 shortcut can point to the same output.
The instructions that can use the output defined as shortcuts are:
•
load complex (“ldcd”, “ldca”)
•
set output shortcuts (“stos”)
•
jump/wait condition on feedbacks (“jocr/f”, “cwer/f”)
TM
106
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, ColdFire+, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, Kinetis,
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Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
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other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
The status register is 16-bit wide. It can be read/written by the µCore, while the external
micro-controller can only read this register through SPI.
The register can be used as an output communication channel towards an external device
or as temporary register. A combination of the two is possible.
Instruction “stsrb
value sel”:
•
Set the value of one of the bits of the status register.
•
The status register can be read/written as a word (using “cp”, “load” or “store”) or
a single bit test (using “jsrr/f”).
TM
107
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, ColdFire+, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, Kinetis,
mobileGT, PowerQUICC, Processor Expert, QorIQ, Qorivva, StarCore, Symphony and VortiQa are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.,
Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
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other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
The control register is made of two 8-bit part:
•
CR[7:0], can only be read by the µCore, while the external micro-controller can read
or write this slice. This slice can be used as an input communication channel from an
external device.
•
CR[15:8] have a configurable behavior. This slice can be used like either the lower
slice (CR[7:0]) or as the status register.
Instruction “stcrb
•
value sel”:
Set the value of one of the bits of the upper slice of the control register. This
operation is successful only if the slice is configured to behave like the status register.
The control register can be read as a whole (using “cp”, “load” or “store”) or a single
bit can be tested (using “jcrr/f”), regardless of the configuration of the CR[15:8]
slice.
TM
108
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Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
Ready Play, SafeAssure, the SafeAssure logo, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, Vybrid and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All
other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
•
The channel flags can be set all at once with the cp or load instructions, one at time
with the stf instruction.
Instruction “stf
value sel”:
•
Set the value of one of channel flags.
•
The flags can be read as a whole (using “cp” or “store”) or a single bit can be tested
(using “jocr/f” or “cwer/f”).
TM
109
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, ColdFire+, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, Kinetis,
mobileGT, PowerQUICC, Processor Expert, QorIQ, Qorivva, StarCore, Symphony and VortiQa are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.,
Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
Ready Play, SafeAssure, the SafeAssure logo, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, Vybrid and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All
other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
The outcome of all these instructions is masked by the “output_access”
registers of the µCore.
Instruction “sto
•
Set the status of a single output driver.
Instruction “stos
•
rst ofs outValue1 outValue2 counter address”:
Load a counter from Data DAM and set the outputs defined as shortcut1
and shortcut2.
Instruction “ldca
•
outValue1 outValue2 OutValue3”:
Set the status of the outputs defined as shortcuts.
Instruction “ldcd
•
sel outValue”:
rst outValue1 outValue2 counter address”:
Load a counter from an ALU register and set the outputs defined as
shortcut1 and shortcut2
TM
110
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mobileGT, PowerQUICC, Processor Expert, QorIQ, Qorivva, StarCore, Symphony and VortiQa are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.,
Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
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other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
Each HS MOSFET can be configured as automatic free function. There are 5
pre-defined pairing HS-FW drivers implemented.
Instruction “stfw
•
mode”:
This instruction is effective only if the output shortcut 1 is an HS, and if the µCore has
the access right to drive the FW mosfet related to that HS. In this case, the instruction
activates or deactivates automatic FW driving for that HS-FW pair.
TM
111
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, ColdFire+, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, Kinetis,
mobileGT, PowerQUICC, Processor Expert, QorIQ, Qorivva, StarCore, Symphony and VortiQa are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.,
Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
Ready Play, SafeAssure, the SafeAssure logo, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, Vybrid and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All
other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
Instruction “stdcctl
•
mode”:
The LS7 can be switched from the default synchronous mode (output driven by one of the
µCores), to asynchronous mode. In this condition it is completely independent from the code flow
and its output value is determined only by the unfiltered current feedbacks.
Muliplexer
Ls7 sync command
Current feedback 4L
Current feedback 4H
S
R
SET
CLR
Q
Ls7 command
S1
D
S2
C
Q
ENB
Ls7 mode selection
Instruction “steoa
•
diag mode”:
Activate end of actuation mode (used to measure when the current reaches 0A) for all the HS for
which the µCore has access rights. It can also enable or disable the diagnosis on the related
Vsource comparators.
TM
112
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, ColdFire+, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, Kinetis,
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Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
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other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
7 registers are dedicated to DACs
•
4 are managed independantly –Dac4h, Dac4neg and Boost_dac are managed as a
group
•
R/W access using “cp”, “load” and “store ”
•
The instructions is masked by the “current_access” register of the µCore.
•
The value 15 corresponds to 0A threshold. Lower is a negative threshold, higher is
positive.
Instruction “stdm
•
Address (Hex)
Description
19B
Boost_dac
19E
Dac1_value
19F
Dac2_value
1A0
Dac3_value
1A1
Dac4l_value
1A2
Dac4h_value
1A3
Dac4neg_value
sel”:
Select the “dac mode”. It can be null, dac(default), offset or full.
TM
113
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, ColdFire+, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, Kinetis,
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Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
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other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
The action of all these instructions is masked by the “current_access” register of the
µCore.
Instruction “stgn
•
target value”:
Set the gain of the operational amplifier of one of the current measure blocks.
Instruction “stadc
•
Enable or disables adc mode on one of the current measure blocks. While the mode
is active, the acquired value can be read (with “cp” or “store”) in the internal
memory map at the address normally used for the corresponding DAC.
Instruction “stoc
•
target mode”:
target mode”:
Enable or disables automatic offset compensation on one of the current measure
blocks. This mode should be active only if the differential input of the current measure
block is zero.
TM
114
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, ColdFire+, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, Kinetis,
mobileGT, PowerQUICC, Processor Expert, QorIQ, Qorivva, StarCore, Symphony and VortiQa are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.,
Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
Ready Play, SafeAssure, the SafeAssure logo, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, Vybrid and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All
other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
Each of the four µCore s has a “channel communication register” (CCR), useful to
exchange 16-bit data between different µCores. When this register is written (“cp” or
“load”), the µCore writes its own register. When the register is read (“cp” or “store”),
the µCore can read its own or the one belonging to another µCore.
Instruction “stcrt
•
seqId”:
Configures a link between the µCore and the CCR of another µCore. It is used when
the CCR is read. It is possible to link a µCore with his own CCR, to use the CCR a
temporary register.
TM
115
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, ColdFire+, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, Kinetis,
mobileGT, PowerQUICC, Processor Expert, QorIQ, Qorivva, StarCore, Symphony and VortiQa are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.,
Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
Ready Play, SafeAssure, the SafeAssure logo, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, Vybrid and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All
other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
Instruction “rstreg
•
This instruction can reset one or more of the following register.
•
Status register. It includes the higher slice of the control register, if it is configured
to behave like the status register.
•
Control register. The upper slice is excluded if it is configured to behave like the
status register.
•
Automatic diagnosis register, thus enabling latching the status of the output drivers
when the next fault occurs.
•
Automatic diagnosis interrupt generation. Re-enables the generation of interrupt
from the automatic diagnosis block.
Instruction “slfbk
•
target”:
mode diag”:
HS2 and HS4 have 2 different Vds comparator each, one which uses Vboost pin as
drain, the other which uses Vbat pin as drain. This pin selects which is the enabled
comparator between the 2 and can enable or disable the diagnosis on that
comparators.
TM
116
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, ColdFire+, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, Kinetis,
mobileGT, PowerQUICC, Processor Expert, QorIQ, Qorivva, StarCore, Symphony and VortiQa are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.,
Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
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other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
The 6 start signals can be used to trigger the actuations but each µCore can access only a
configurable subset of these signals: gen_start and start_latch. The generation of these signals depend
of the start mode selected. Each of the 4 µCore has its own gen_start and start_latch signals set.
Normal start mode:
•
•
gen_start : logical “OR” of all the accessible
start signals.
start_latch : „living copy‟ of all the accessible
start signals.
•
Start2
StartLatch
000000
000001
000000
000001
000011
000010
000000
GenStart
Start1
Smart start mode:
•
Start1
gen_start: active when one of the start is
active and start_latch is zero. Deactivated
when the start that triggered its rising edge
goes low.
start_latch saves the status of the starts if one
of the accessible start signal is active and the
previous value of start_latch is zero. The
start_latch is reset when the “rstsl”
instruction is executed.
Instruction “rstsl”:
Start2
StartLatch
000000 000010
GenStart
ResetStartLatch
StartLatch = 000000
& start1 = 1 :
rising edge on gen_start
StartLatch /= 000000 & start2 =
1:
StartLatch = 000001 &
start1 = 0 :
falling edge on gen_start
StartLatch = 000000:
new cycle
ResetStartLatch = 1 :
StartLatch is reset
•Reset the start_latch, enabling theenablement to other start signals.
TM
117
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, ColdFire+, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, Kinetis,
mobileGT, PowerQUICC, Processor Expert, QorIQ, Qorivva, StarCore, Symphony and VortiQa are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.,
Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
Ready Play, SafeAssure, the SafeAssure logo, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, Vybrid and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All
other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
93 instructions in 7 categories:
Arithmetic Logic Unit (27)
Configuration (29)
Diagnostic (3)
Interrupt and Subroutine (6)
Jump (16)
Load (9)
Wait (3)
TM
118
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Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
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other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
1.
endiag – enable diagnostics (single)
2.
endiaga – enable diagnostics (all)
3.
endiags – enable diagnostic shortcut
TM
119
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Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
Ready Play, SafeAssure, the SafeAssure logo, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, Vybrid and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All
other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
93 instructions in 7 categories:
Arithmetic Logic Unit (27)
Configuration (29)
Diagnostic (3)
Interrupt and Subroutine (6)
Jump (16)
Load (9)
Wait (3)
TM
120
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mobileGT, PowerQUICC, Processor Expert, QorIQ, Qorivva, StarCore, Symphony and VortiQa are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.,
Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
Ready Play, SafeAssure, the SafeAssure logo, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, Vybrid and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All
other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
1.
iconf – interrupt configuration
2.
iret – return from interrupt
3.
reqi – request for software interrupt
TM
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Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
Ready Play, SafeAssure, the SafeAssure logo, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, Vybrid and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All
other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
Each µCore has 3 interrupt sources:
•
•
•
automatic diagnostics. It can be enabled/disabled through SPI registers and
instructions.
driver disabled or loss of clock. It can be enabled/disabled through SPI register.
software interrupt. It includes gen_start rising and falling edge. The software
interrupts related to gen_start can be enabled/disabled through SPI registers, the
others must be requested by an instruction.
•
When an interrupt is received, the code execution is halted and the corresponding
interrupt routine is executed (address in Channel Parameter Register).
•
All interrupt routines cannot be interrupted by other interrupts. Interrupts received
during this state are cached and can be serviced after the end of the currently
executing routine.
•
The interrupt service routine is ended by an “iret” instruction.
TM
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Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
Ready Play, SafeAssure, the SafeAssure logo, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, Vybrid and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All
other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
Instruction “iconf
•
It configures the µCore enablement by automatic interrupt return request.
•
none : automatic interrupt return request are ignored.
•
restart : if a matching automatic interrupt return request is received, the
interrupt routine ends and the code execution restart from the entry point.
•
continue : if an matching automatic interrupt return request is received, the
interrupt routine ends and the code execution resume from the value saved in the
irq_status register.
Instruction “iret
•
mode”:
dest rst”:
It ends the interrupt service routine. It is possible to reset the irq buffer. The code
execution continues according to the dest parameter:
•
restart : the code execution restarts from the entry point.
•
continue : the code execution resumes from the value saved in the
irq_status register.
TM
123
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, ColdFire+, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, Kinetis,
mobileGT, PowerQUICC, Processor Expert, QorIQ, Qorivva, StarCore, Symphony and VortiQa are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.,
Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
Ready Play, SafeAssure, the SafeAssure logo, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, Vybrid and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All
other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
1.
jtsf – jump to subroutine far
2.
jtsr – jump to subroutine relative
3.
rfs – return from subroutine
TM
124
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Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
Ready Play, SafeAssure, the SafeAssure logo, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, Vybrid and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All
other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
Instruction “jtsr/f
•
dest”:
Begin the subroutine at the specified address. The return address is saved into the
“auxiliary” register.
Instruction “rfs”:
•
End the interrupt routine. Code execution resumes at the value saved into the
auxiliary register + 1. Return address can be manipulated.
Example:
ldjr2 write_back;
j
l
write_back:
jtsf jr2;
* jump to subroutine *
stos off off off;
* execution continues here after subroutine *
…
store cnt1 4 ofs;
k
TM
* begin subroutine *
…
rfs;
* end subroutine *
125
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mobileGT, PowerQUICC, Processor Expert, QorIQ, Qorivva, StarCore, Symphony and VortiQa are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.,
Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
Ready Play, SafeAssure, the SafeAssure logo, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, Vybrid and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All
other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
93 instructions in 7 categories:
Arithmetic Logic Unit (27)
Configuration (29)
Diagnostic (3)
Interrupt and Subroutine (6)
Jump (16)
Load (9)
Wait (3)
TM
126
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, ColdFire+, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, Kinetis,
mobileGT, PowerQUICC, Processor Expert, QorIQ, Qorivva, StarCore, Symphony and VortiQa are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.,
Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
Ready Play, SafeAssure, the SafeAssure logo, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, Vybrid and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All
other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
jarf – jump on arithmetic register far
jarr – jump on arithmetic register relative
jcrf – jump on control register far
jcrr – jump on control register relative
jfbkf – jump on feedback far
jfbkr – jump on feedback relative
jmpf – unconditional jump far
jmpr – unconditional jump relative
jocf – jump on flag condition far
jocr – jump on flag condition relative
joidf – jump on µcore id far
joidr – jump on µcore id relative
joslf – jump on start-latch far
TM
127
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, ColdFire+, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, Kinetis,
mobileGT, PowerQUICC, Processor Expert, QorIQ, Qorivva, StarCore, Symphony and VortiQa are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.,
Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
Ready Play, SafeAssure, the SafeAssure logo, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, Vybrid and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All
other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
14.
joslr – jump on start-latch relative
15.
jsrf – jump on status register far
16.
jsrr– jump on status register relative
TM
128
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Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
Ready Play, SafeAssure, the SafeAssure logo, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, Vybrid and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All
other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.










Flags (high or low)
Internal counters
Start trigger signals (high or low)
Voltage feedback signals (high or low)
Boost voltage feedback signals (high or low)
Current feedback signals (high or low)
ALU condition register bits
Status register bits (internal status) (high or low)
Control register bits (commands from microcontroller) (high or low)
µCore ID (test for a specific version of µCore)
TM
129
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Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
Ready Play, SafeAssure, the SafeAssure logo, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, Vybrid and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All
other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
Relative addressing (-r):

•
•
•
The Code line address is expressed as an offset (-16 and 15 lines) relative to the current code line
The operation requires only 1 instruction only and is preferred when applicable.
Example:
idle_diag:
idle_diag_fail:
jocr idle_diag_fail _sc1v;
* jump offset +1 *
jmpr idle_diag;
* jump offset -1 *
reqi 1;
Absolute addressing (-f):

•
•
•
•
The code line address is expressed as an absolute value (10 bits)
The value must be pre-charged into a jump register (jr1 or jr2)
The operation requires 2 instruction – must be used if relative addressing is not applicable
Example:
init:
stgn gain19.4 sssc;
* set the maximum gain *
ldjr1 tail_start;
* Jr1 = end of the actuation (tail_start) *
jmpf jr1;
*
unconditional jump to tail_start *
…
* Any number of instructions – not limited within the Code RAM range*
tail_start:
endiags off off off off;
Instruction “ldjr1/2
•
address”:
Load the address parameter into one of the jump registers.
TM
130
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, ColdFire+, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, Kinetis,
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Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
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other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
Instruction “jmpr/f
•
Unconditional jump.
Instruction “jarr/f
•
dest value”:
Jump if the start latch has the required value
Instruction “joidr/f
•
dest sel value”:
Jump using one of voltage feedbacks as condition
Instruction “joslr/f
•
dest sel value”:
Jump using a bit of the status register as condition.
Instruction “jfbkr/f
•
dest sel value”:
Jump using a bit of the control register as condition.
Instruction “jsrr/f
•
dest sel”:
Jump using a bit of the arithmetic register as condition.
Instruction “jcrr/f
•
dest”:
dest value”:
Jump if the µCore id is the required one
TM
131
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, ColdFire+, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, Kinetis,
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Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
Ready Play, SafeAssure, the SafeAssure logo, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, Vybrid and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All
other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
93 instructions in 7 categories:
Arithmetic Logic Unit (27)
Configuration (29)
Diagnostic (3)
Interrupt and Subroutine (6)
Jump (16)
Load (9)
Wait (3)
TM
132
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mobileGT, PowerQUICC, Processor Expert, QorIQ, Qorivva, StarCore, Symphony and VortiQa are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.,
Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
Ready Play, SafeAssure, the SafeAssure logo, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, Vybrid and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All
other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
1.
cp – copy source to destination register
2.
ldca – load counter from register and set outputs
3.
ldcd– load counter from DRAM and set outputs
4.
ldirh – load immediate register high-byte
5.
ldirl– load immediate register low-byte
6.
ldjr1 – load jump register 1
7.
ldjr2 – load jump register 2
8.
load – load data from DRAM to register
9.
store– store data from register to DRAM
TM
133
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, ColdFire+, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, Kinetis,
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Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
Ready Play, SafeAssure, the SafeAssure logo, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, Vybrid and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All
other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
Instruction “cp
•
source dest”:
Copy the value from a register to another, both of which must be in the internal memory map.
Instruction “load
•
source dest ofs”:
Copy the value from the Data RAM to a register in the internal memory map. For the Data RAM
address only, an offset can added to the requested address (Address Base).
Instruction “store
•
source dest ofs”:
Copy the value from a register in the internal memory map to the Data RAM. For the Data RAM
address only, an offset can added to the requested address (Address Base).
TM
134
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, ColdFire+, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, Kinetis,
mobileGT, PowerQUICC, Processor Expert, QorIQ, Qorivva, StarCore, Symphony and VortiQa are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.,
Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
Ready Play, SafeAssure, the SafeAssure logo, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, Vybrid and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All
other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
93 instructions in 7 categories:
Arithmetic Logic Unit (27)
Configuration (29)
Diagnostic (3)
Interrupt and Subroutine (6)
Jump (16)
Load (9)
Wait (3)
TM
135
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, ColdFire+, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, Kinetis,
mobileGT, PowerQUICC, Processor Expert, QorIQ, Qorivva, StarCore, Symphony and VortiQa are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.,
Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
Ready Play, SafeAssure, the SafeAssure logo, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, Vybrid and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All
other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
1.
cwef – create wait table entry far
2.
cwer – create wait table entry relative
3.
wait – wait until a condition is verified
TM
136
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mobileGT, PowerQUICC, Processor Expert, QorIQ, Qorivva, StarCore, Symphony and VortiQa are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.,
Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
Ready Play, SafeAssure, the SafeAssure logo, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, Vybrid and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All
other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
Wait List
•
•
1
Cond1
Address Instruction n1
Each ¨µCore has a 5 row “wait table”.
2
Cond2
Address Instruction n2
3
Cond3
Address Instruction n3
Each row can be loaded with a condition and a destination
(“cwer/f”).
4
Cond 4
Address Instruction n4
5
Cond 5
Address Instruction n5
When a “wait” instruction is executed, the flow is stopped
until one of the enabled condition is true. The flow resumes at
the address in the same row of the fulfilled condition.
•
Result
MUX
Address
Result
Condition selector
Condition Tester
Condition Tester
Condition Tester
Priority
selector
Condition Tester
Condition Tester
Instruction “cwer/f
•
Load the selected line in the wait table with the destination address and condition specified as parameters.
Instruction “wait
•
Control signals
dest cond row”:
mask”:
Stop the code execution and enables the row of the wait table specified by mask parameter. When the condition
on one of the enabled rows is met, the code execution resumes at the corresponding address.
cwer peak_cl_high tc2 row1;
cwer hold_start tc1 row2;
cwer peak_cl_low ocur row3;
peak_cl_low:
ldcd rst _ofs off on TbOFF c2;
wait row12;
peak_cl_high: ldcd rst _ofs on on 0 c2;
wait row23;
TM
* turn off HS and load TbOFF in counter 2 *
* wait until row1: counter 2 tc *
*
row2: peak phase is finished *
* turn on HS *
* wait until row3: current above threshold *
*
row2: peak phase is finished *
137
Freescale, the Freescale logo, AltiVec, C-5, CodeTEST, CodeWarrior, ColdFire, ColdFire+, C-Ware, the Energy Efficient Solutions logo, Kinetis,
mobileGT, PowerQUICC, Processor Expert, QorIQ, Qorivva, StarCore, Symphony and VortiQa are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.,
Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Airfast, BeeKit, BeeStack, CoreNet, Flexis, MagniV, MXC, Platform in a Package, QorIQ Qonverge, QUICC Engine,
Ready Play, SafeAssure, the SafeAssure logo, SMARTMOS, TurboLink, Vybrid and Xtrinsic are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All
other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
TM

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