IBM COBOL and Language Environment for VSE/ESA How to Upgrade Now SG24-4277-00

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SG24-4277-00
IBM COBOL and Language Environment for VSE/ESA
How to Upgrade Now
July 1997
IBML
International Technical Support Organization
SG24-4277-00
IBM COBOL and Language Environment for VSE/ESA
How to Upgrade Now
July 1997
Take Note!
Before using this information and the product it supports, be sure to read the general information in
Appendix B, “Special Notices” on page 141.
First Edition (July 1997)
This edition applies to Version 1 Release 4 of the IBM Language Environment for VSE/ESA (LE/VSE), program
number 5686-094, and IBM COBOL for VSE/ESA Version 1 Release 1, program number 5686-068, for use with the
VSE/ESA Operating System Version 2, program number 5690-VSE.
Comments may be addressed to:
IBM Corporation, International Technical Support Organization
Dept. 3222 Building 71032-02
Postfach 1380
71032 Böblingen, Germany
When you send information to IBM, you grant IBM a non-exclusive right to use or distribute the information in any
way it believes appropriate without incurring any obligation to you.
 Copyright International Business Machines Corporation 1997. All rights reserved.
Note to U.S. Government Users — Documentation related to restricted rights — Use, duplication or disclosure is
subject to restrictions set forth in GSA ADP Schedule Contract with IBM Corp.
Contents
Figures
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Tables
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ix
Preface
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The Team that Wrote this Redbook
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Comments Welcome
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Chapter 1. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.1 The Year 2000 Aspect . . . . . . . . . . .
1.2 The Benefits of LE/VSE and COBOL/VSE
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1.2.1 What is LE/VSE
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1.2.2 What You Can Do with LE/VSE
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1.2.3 COBOL/VSE
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1.3 Debug Tool for VSE/ESA
1.4 How to Get Started . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.4.1 The Overall Picture . . . . . . . . . .
1.4.2 The Migration Process . . . . . . . .
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Chapter 2. Why Migrate? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.1 DOS/VS COBOL to COBOL/VSE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.2 VS COBOL II to COBOL/VSE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.3 What Can be Achieved with LE/VSE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.3.1 Properly Handle 2-digit Years in the Year 2000 and Beyond
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2.3.2 Mix Legacy Code with New Code
2.3.3 Debug Applications Interactively . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.3.4 Manage Storage Dynamically . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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2.3.5 Perform Date and Time Calculations
2.3.6 Access an Extensive Set of Mathematical Services . . . . .
2.3.7 Share Common Run-time Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.3.8 Handle Conditions Consistently . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.3.9 Perform Interlanguage Communication More Efficiently . .
2.3.10 Customize Routines for International Requirements . . . .
2.4 The Benefits of COBOL/VSE in LE/VSE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.4.1 COBOL/VSE Intrinsic Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.4.2 Structured Programming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.4.3 Using Other Products from COBOL/VSE Programs . . . . .
2.4.4 Support for Reentrancy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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2.4.5 COBOL/VSE Programs and LE/VSE
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2.4.6 Double-Byte Character Set
2.4.7 Advanced Compiler Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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2.5 Debug Tool for VSE/ESA
Chapter 3. Migration Considerations . . . . . . . . . . .
3.1 Planning for Migration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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3.2 Migration Scenarios
3.2.1 Ability to Combine Old and New Compile Units
3.2.2 Run-time Migration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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3.2.3 Source Migration
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3.3 Source Migration Aids and Tools
3.4 LE/VSE Migration from Release 1 to Release 4 . .
 Copyright IBM Corp. 1997
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3.4.1 New in LE/VSE Release 4
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3.4.2 Abnormal Termination Considerations
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3.4.3 Packaging Changes Since Release 1
3.5 Considerations about Prerequisite Products for Upgrading to COBOL/VSE
3.6 Major Changes with COBOL/VSE and LE/VSE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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3.6.1 Change Default LE/VSE Run-time Options
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3.6.2 Understand the RES Environment
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Chapter 4. Conversion Aids . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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4.1 DOS/VS COBOL MIGR Compiler Option
4.2 DOS/VS COBOL Migration PTFs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.3 COBOL/VSE FLAGMIG, CMPR2, and NOCOMPILE Compiler Options . .
4.4 COBOL and CICS Command Level Conversion Aid for VSE (CCCA/VSE)
4.5 COBOL Report Writer Precompiler Release 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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4.6 COBOL Structuring Facility/MVS and VM
4.7 Debug Tool for VSE/ESA Release 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.8 VisualAge for COBOL, Professional for OS/2 V 2.0 . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.9 COBOL Workstation Feature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Chapter 5. Significant Differences between Old COBOL and COBOL/VSE
5.1 Differences from DOS/VS COBOL Using LANGLVL(1) . . . . . . . . .
5.2 Differences from DOS/VS COBOL Using LANGLVL(2) . . . . . . . . .
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5.3 Differences from VS COBOL II Using CMPR2
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5.4 Differences from VS COBOL II Using NOCMPR2
5.5 Incompatibilities that Frequently Happen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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5.6 Incompatibilities that Cause More Impact
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5.7 Incompatibilities that are Easy/Difficult to Find
5.8 Incompatibilities that are Easy/Difficult to Modify . . . . . . . . . . . .
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5.9 List of Incompatibilities from Old COBOLs to COBOL/VSE
Chapter 6. CCCA/VSE
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6.1 Introduction to CCCA/VSE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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6.1.1 What CCCA/VSE Does
6.1.2 How CCCA/VSE Works . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.1.3 LCP (Language Conversion Program) . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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6.2 Installation of CCCA/VSE
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6.2.1 Software Requirements for CCCA/VSE
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6.2.2 Installing CCCA/VSE
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6.2.3 What to Do If There are Problems
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6.3 CCCA/VSE Conversion Examples
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6.3.1 ABJIVP01 - Batch COBOL Program
6.3.2 ABJIVP02 - Batch COBOL Program with Copy Members . .
6.3.3 ABJIVP03 - COBOL Program with Copy Members and CICS
Statements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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6.4 Limitations of CCCA/VSE
Chapter 7. Debug Tool for VSE/ESA . . .
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7.1 What is Debug Tool
7.2 What Do You Need to Run Debug Tool
7.2.1 Licensed Programs . . . . . . . .
7.2.2 DASD Storage . . . . . . . . . . .
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7.2.3 VTAM Considerations
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7.2.4 CICS Considerations
7.2.5 Debug Tool Run-time Environment
7.2.6 VSE Partition Requirements . . .
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Migration to COBOL/VSE
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7.3 How to Invoke Debug Tool
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7.3.1 Interactive Debug with CICS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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7.3.2 Batch Debug Using a Command File
7.3.3 Batch Execution with Interactive Debug . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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7.3.4 Batch Debug using CEETEST
7.4 How to Debug Your Program in Full-Screen Mode . . . . . . . . . . .
7.4.1 Using a COBOL Program to Demonstrate a Debug Tool Session
7.5 Limitations of Debug Tool for VSE/ESA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chapter 8. Performance Considerations
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8.1 Transferring Control to Another Program
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8.1.1 Nested Programs
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8.1.2 Static and Dynamic Calls
8.1.3 Dynamic CALL instead of EXEC CICS LINK . . . .
8.2 COBOL/VSE Compiler Options that Affect Performance
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8.2.1 DYNAM
8.2.2 FASTSRT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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8.2.3 NUMPROC(PFD),(NOPFD),(MIG)
8.2.4 OPTIMIZE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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8.2.5 RENT
8.2.6 SSRANGE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.2.7 TEST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.2.8 TRUNC(STD),(OPT),(BIN) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.3 CICS Compiler Options Considerations . . . . . . . . .
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8.4 Additional Performance Considerations
8.4.1 ALL31(ON) - LE/VSE Run-time Option . . . . . . .
8.4.2 Link-Edit Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.4.3 Considerations for VSAM Performance . . . . . .
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8.5 DFSORT/VSE STXIT/NOSTXIT
8.6 Service Issues with Vendor Products . . . . . . . . . .
Appendix A. Sample Case of Language Conversion
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A.1 Sample Conversion of DOS/VS COBOL LANGLVL(2)
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A.1.1 OUTPUT of CCCA for the Sample Source
A.1.2 Manual Conversion of the Sample Source . . .
Appendix B. Special Notices
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How to Get ITSO Redbooks
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How IBM Employees Can Get ITSO Redbooks
How Customers Can Get ITSO Redbooks . .
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IBM Redbook Order Form
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List of Abbreviations
Index
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Appendix C. Related Publications
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C.1 International Technical Support Organization Publications
C.2 Redbooks on CD-ROMs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
C.3 Other Publications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Glossary
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ITSO Redbook Evaluation
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Contents
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vi
Migration to COBOL/VSE
Figures
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 Copyright IBM Corp. 1997
The Overall Picture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The Migration Process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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ABJIVP01 - Source Program
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ABJIVP01 - Converted Program
ABJIVP01 - CCCA/VSE Diagnostics Report . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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ABJIVP02 - Source Program
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ABJIVP02 - Converted Program
ABJIVP02 - CCCA/VSE Diagnostics Report . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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ABJIVP03 - Source Program
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ABJIVP03 - Converted Program
ABJIVP03 - CCCA/VSE Diagnostics Report . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SAMPD5 - COBOL Sample Program for Debug Tool . . . . . . . .
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Job Control for EQAWIVC3
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COM5N - Interactive Debug with CICS
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COM5B - Batch Debug Using a Command File
COM5B - Debugging Result in SYSLST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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COM5BI - Batch Execution with Interactive Debug
SAMPD55 - Sample Program Invoking Debug Tool with CEETEST
COM55 - Sample Job Invoking Debug Tool Using CEETEST . . . .
SAMPSRT - COBOL Source Program to Demonstrate Debug Tool
SAMPD2 - Sample Source of DOS/VS COBOL LANGLVL(2) . . . .
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Result of SAMPD2 in Old Environment
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CCCA Messages for Conversion of SAMPD2
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CCCA Output of SAMPD2
Result of SAMPD2 in New Environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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SAMPD2 After Manual Update
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Migration to COBOL/VSE
Tables
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 Copyright IBM Corp. 1997
LE/VSE-Conforming Languages
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Valid Scenarios for COBOL Compiler, Link-Edit, and Run Time
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Required Product Level
Migration Aids . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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List of Incompatibilities
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Required Licensed Programs for Debug Tool
Optional Licensed Programs for Debug Tool . . . . . . . . . . .
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Approximate Library Storage Requirements for Debug Tool
CICS Reserved Word Table . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Migration to COBOL/VSE
Preface
The strategic VSE COBOL compiler is COBOL for VSE/ESA with Full-Function
Feature that includes the Debug Tool for VSE/ESA. The run-time library is
Language Environment for VSE/ESA Version 1 Release 4. With these products
customers can move their COBOL applications into and beyond Year 2000.
The benefits of moving to the new environment are described in this document.
The detailed description of the differences between the various language levels
and of available migration aids will help you perform the upgrade.
This redbook has been written for all professionals with the responsibility for
planning and executing the migration of DOS/VS COBOL or VS COBOL II
applications to COBOL/VSE and the run-time environment of LE/VSE.
Good knowledge of VSE/ESA concepts and HLL programming is required.
The Team that Wrote this Redbook
This redbook was produced by a team of specialists from around the world
working at the International Technical Support Organization Böblingen Center.
Annegret Ackel from the International Technical Support Organization Böblingen
Center, was the project leader.
Hiroshi Arai from IBM Japan.
Carey Fu from IBM China.
Omar Qureshi from IBM Pakistan.
Special thanks to Mike Moriarty, ISSC Australia, for his advice and guidance
provided in the production of this document.
Comments Welcome
Your comments are important to us!
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 Copyright IBM Corp. 1997
xi
xii
Migration to COBOL/VSE
Chapter 1. Introduction
Migration to IBM Language Environment for VSE/ESA (LE/VSE) and COBOL for
VSE/ESA (COBOL/VSE) is a requirement for all customers, since there are no
future enhancements planned for DOS/VS COBOL and VS COBOL II. All future
enhancements will be to the strategic product LE/VSE with the
LE/VSE-conforming languages. In addition the migration from DOS/VS COBOL
and VS COBOL II to a COBOL VSE environment is essential for exploiting the
advantages of LE/VSE.
DOS/VS COBOL and VS COBOL II have already been withdrawn from marketing
and it has been announced that service for VS COBOL II 1.4 will end 04/28/1998.
Therefore, it is in the best interests of the customers to migrate their
applications and take advantage of the increased functions and ease of
maintenance that LE/VSE and the new compiler contain, as soon as possible.
The purpose of this book is to give the reader a basic idea of the benefits of
migration and also to give exposure to migration tools such as CCCA/VSE
(COBOL & CICS Command Level Conversion Aid for VSE), COBOL/SF (COBOL
Structuring Facility), and DT/VSE (Debug Tool for VSE/ESA). The language
differences will not be described in detail, only specific incompatibilities will be
explained so that the reader can also use this book during migration.
1.1 The Year 2000 Aspect
The basic Year 2000 problem is the 2-digit year data representation. At the turn
of the century the current year will be less than the previous year because the
date field only contains the last two digits of the year. This requires that the
applications are migrated to a programming language that supports a full 4-digit
year format.
The redbook Preparing your VSE System for the Year 2000 describes how to
overcome the Year 2000 problem with short-term and long-term solutions
(together with LE/VSE) pertaining to programs written in high level languages.
For COBOL users, the conclusions are as follows:
1. When programs use a 2-digit year for calculation, comparison will encounter
logical mistakes after the year 2000.
2. The accurate calculation of a year requires current date information
containing a 4-digit year.
3. There are theoretically three solutions for the Year 2000 problem.
•
Change all years to four digits .. the long-term solution
•
Use two digits with conversion for calculation .. century window
•
Use two digits containing coded four digits
The long-term solution is the best. But not everyone will be able to complete
this project prior to year 2000, since this includes eventually rebuilding the
databases and data files with 4-digit years. Therefore, the practical way for
modification of existing applications is the solution using the century window.
4. There is no 4-digit year date support with DOS/VS COBOL or VS COBOL II.
Only COBOL/VSE fully supports 4-digit year dates with the COBOL/VSE
 Copyright IBM Corp. 1997
1
intrinsic functions, as does its prerequisite LE/VSE with its date/time callable
service routines for date conversion (sliding century window).
VS COBOL II programs may make calls to LE/VSE date/time service routines,
although there will be no support internally for the year 2000. DOS/VS
COBOL programs cannot use the services of LE/VSE date/time callable
routines.
5. It may be possible for other COBOL (DOS/VS COBOL, VS COBOL II) users to
get a 4-digit year date using an Assembler subroutine and adopt a century
window approach with their own logic. However, the workload of
modification and test of application source is the same as using COBOL/VSE.
In addition, development and maintenance of user-written routines may
require great effort.
1.2 The Benefits of LE/VSE and COBOL/VSE
The following section gives you an overview of the new functions that you can
use when you migrate to LE/VSE and the new compilers. Details are described
in Chapter 2, “Why Migrate?” on page 11.
1.2.1 What is LE/VSE
LE/VSE is a set of common services and language-specific routines that provide
a single run-time environment for applications written in LE/VSE-conforming
versions of the COBOL, PL/I and C high level languages (HLLs), and for many
applications written in previous versions of COBOL. An LE/VSE-conforming
language is any HLL that adheres to the LE/VSE common interface.
Table 1 lists the LE/VSE-conforming language compiler products you can use to
generate applications that run with LE/VSE.
Table 1. LE/VSE-Conforming Languages
Language
LE/VSE-Conforming Language
Minimum Release
COBOL/VSE
IBM COBOL for VSE/ESA
Release 1
PL/I VSE
IBM PL/I for VSE/ESA
Release 1
C/VSE *
IBM C for VSE/ESA
Release 1
Note:
*
Applications written in C/VSE can only run with LE/VSE Release 4.
Any HLL not listed in Table 1 is known as a non-LE/VSE-conforming or,
alternatively, a pre-LE/VSE-conforming language. Some examples of
non-LE/VSE-conforming languages are C/370, DOS/VS COBOL, VS COBOL II, and
DOS PL/I.
Only the following products can generate applications that run with LE/VSE:
•
LE/VSE-conforming languages
•
High Level Assembler (HLASM)
LE/VSE also supports applications written in assembler language using
LE/VSE-provided macros and assembled using HLASM.
•
2
Migration to COBOL/VSE
DOS/VS COBOL and VS COBOL II, with some restrictions
Although DOS/VS COBOL and VS COBOL II are non-LE/VSE-conforming
languages, many applications generated with these compilers can run with
LE/VSE without recompiling or relink-editing. For details see Chapter 3,
“Migration Considerations” on page 19.
LE/VSE is the prerequisite run-time environment for applications generated with
COBOL/VSE, PL/I VSE or C/VSE. LE/VSE does not include compilers, whereas
COBOL/VSE, PL/I VSE and C/VSE are compilers only, they do not include a
run-time environment, as the languages DOS/VS COBOL and VS COBOL II did
before.
Release 1 and Release 4 of the LE/VSE product are based on Release 2 and
Release 4 of the LE/370 product respectively (now called IBM Language
Environment for MVS and VM).
Therefore, the basic architecture is the same across the platforms and it is
possible (in many cases) for programs written in LE-conforming languages to be
easily adapted to run on an alternate platform.
1.2.2 What You Can Do with LE/VSE
LE/VSE is designed to provide defined calling conventions, enhanced
interlanguage communication, callable services, language-specific services,
common math functions, application utilities, and system services. LE/VSE
enables existing applications to function as before with few, if any, changes
required, thus helping preserve company investment in those applications.
In a single product LE/VSE combines essential run-time services, such as
routines for message handling, condition handling, and storage management. All
these services are available through a set of interfaces that are consistent
across programming languages. With LE/VSE, application programmers can use
one run-time environment for their applications, regardless of the programming
language or system resources.
1.2.3 COBOL/VSE
COBOL/VSE is the newest VSE COBOL compiler and is a direct descendent from
VS COBOL II and DOS/VS COBOL. The major differences between the compilers
are:
•
DOS/VS COBOL supports ANSI 68 and ANSI 74 Standard
•
VS COBOL II supports ANSI 85 Standard
•
COBOL/VSE supports ANSI 85 Standard with the ANSI 85 Addendum
(Intrinsic Functions)
The fundamental change from DOS VS COBOL to VS COBOL II and COBOL/VSE
is that source modules may be changed from unstructured source code to
structured source code. This significant change means you will have no more
′spaghetti′ code which only one person can maintain because they are the only
one that understands it.
COBOL/VSE has new language extensions and provides support for LE/VSE
features on top of the VS COBOL II language. New with COBOL/VSE is a set of
intrinsic functions that enable you to perform mathematical, statistical, financial,
character string or date and time calculations with simple invocations from
COBOL statements.
Chapter 1. Introduction
3
With LE/VSE, COBOL users can:
•
Solve the Year 2000 problem by using
−
COBOL/VSE intrinsic functions
−
LE/VSE callable services
•
Write applications that utilize 31-bit addressing
•
Have increased control over compiler output, such as Associated Data.
1.3 Debug Tool for VSE/ESA
LE/VSE Release 4 supports the Debug Tool for VSE/ESA (DT/VSE) for debugging
applications written in any LE/VSE-conforming language.
Prior to LE/VSE, each programming language provided its own separate run-time
environment. LE/VSE combines essential and commonly-used run-time services such as message handling, condition handling, storage management, date and
time services, and math functions - and makes them available through a set of
interfaces that are consistent across programming languages. With LE/VSE, you
can use one run-time environment for your applications, regardless of the
application′s programming language or system resource needs, because most
system dependencies have been removed.
1.4 How to Get Started
Planning is very important in upgrading your COBOL technology and moving
towards Year 2000, and planning is the key to the success of your migration. It is
important to communicate with management and the users so they understand
what you are planning.
The following plan items have to be developed:
•
Develop a cost/benefit analysis
This helps everyone understand what is being done and why.
•
Take inventory of your COBOL development tools
This is a good time to improve programmer productivity with enhanced tools.
•
Assess requirements of new software
Make sure you check all the prerequisite product levels, the compatibility
with vendor products and IBM products.
•
Take inventory of existing applications
By taking an inventory you will get a detailed picture of the work that is
required. You will also find all unused code and executables that exist in
your libraries.
•
Assess migration effort for each application
Assign complexity ratings and prioritize your applications. Tables that will
help you in doing this can be found in the manual COBOL/VSE Migration
Guide .
•
Schedule training for programmers
This is very important, since there is a new compiler, new run-time library,
new COBOL ANSI standard, new tools, and more.
4
Migration to COBOL/VSE
The following charts give you an overview of the whole migration project.
1.4.1 The Overall Picture
In Figure 1 on page 6 you will find the overall picture of the migration project
also with regard to project management.
Chapter 1. Introduction
5
Figure 1. The Overall Picture
6
Migration to COBOL/VSE
First of all the project management needs:
1. to give a project plan to the implementation team
2. to give a test plan to the implementation team
3. identify the change management procedure
4. define the method of documenting the changes made to the application
source.
The overall picture shows that the implementation team has to identify all
applications as well as the system software level.
The conversion/testing has to be done using migration aids such as COBOL/SF,
CCCA and DT/VSE. In the post implementation stage, testing and verification
has to be done to check whether the migration was successful.
The step ′other considerations′ covers what the customer considers are the
important jobs to be done at the same time as the migration. These are usually
long term objectives the company might have and include adding new modules
of software, Year 2000 support, expanding hardware, considering GUI (Graphical
Users Interface), and improving performance.
Chapter 1. Introduction
7
1.4.2 The Migration Process
The migration process as shown in Figure 2 gives you a picture of what has to
be done and the sequence of performing the different jobs.
Figure 2. The Migration Process
8
Migration to COBOL/VSE
First the application identification has to be done, to find out which are the latest
error-free versions. Based on this, an inventory of the applications is done to
get an idea of the size of the project.
As system software you need at least VSE/ESA 1.4.3 or VSE/ESA 2.2 and LE/VSE
R4. If the release levels are less than this, they should be updated.
If there are Report Writer programs in your inventory, then they need to be
converted through the COBOL Report Writer precompiler, so that COBOL/VSE
can recognize the commands. Also CCCA requires that the Report Writer
commands are changed to normal COBOL statements.
On the changed source code CCCA (COBOL & CICS Command Level Conversion
Aid) can perform its activities to change/flag/eliminate old COBOL features that
have been dropped.
You can run COBOL/SF (Structuring Facility) to structure the source code if you
want to increase programmer productivity and save time in changing/modifying
source code.
After all these activities you have to manually check the flagged statements for
manual update. After compile and link-edit, if there are no errors, run the
DT/VSE (Debug Tool) and check the before Results/Reports with the after
conversion Results/Reports.
If the comparison is exact then ensure that the changes made are logged and
observe the results carefully till the application cycle is completed.
Chapter 1. Introduction
9
10
Migration to COBOL/VSE
Chapter 2. Why Migrate?
Migration to LE/VSE and COBOL/VSE is strongly recommended, since there are
no future enhancements planned for DOS/VS COBOL and VS COBOL II. With
applications written in these old languages your system will not be ready for the
Year 2000.
2.1 DOS/VS COBOL to COBOL/VSE
The source migration effort from DOS/VS COBOL to COBOL/ESA is the same as
the source migration effort to VS COBOL II. The COBOL/VSE compiler supports
the same syntax as VS COBOL II and provides enhanced features.
The fundamental change from DOS/VS COBOL is that COBOL/VSE (as VS
COBOL II) provides structured programming constructs. Using these constructs
in the development of applications will ease the maintenance of source code and
make it less costly.
LE/VSE provides the same run-time support for existing DOS/VS COBOL
programs as does VS COBOL II. There may be some cases in which a few
changes are required where the mixed language load modules will have to be
re-linked.
For details see the manual COBOL/VSE Migration Guide .
2.2 VS COBOL II to COBOL/VSE
Migration from VS COBOL II (NOCMPR2 compiler option) to COBOL/VSE is a
recompile effort, no source changes are required. For a few new reserved words
some minor changes will be required.
LE/VSE provides the same run-time support for existing VS COBOL II programs.
There are a few cases where changes may be needed, particularly for mixed
language load modules which will require re-linking of the affected modules.
For details see the manual COBOL/VSE Migration Guide .
2.3 What Can be Achieved with LE/VSE
LE/VSE helps you create mixed-language applications and gives you a consistent
method of accessing common, frequently used services. LE/VSE promotes
efficient application development by providing enhanced capabilities to:
 Copyright IBM Corp. 1997
•
Properly handle 2-digit years in the Year 2000 and beyond.
•
Mix legacy code with new code.
•
Debug applications interactively (with LE/VSE Release 4 only).
•
Manage storage dynamically.
•
Perform date and time calculations.
•
Access an extensive set of math services.
•
Share common run-time services.
11
•
Handle conditions consistently.
•
Perform interlanguage communication more efficiently.
•
Customize routines for international requirements (LE/VSE Rel 4).
2.3.1 Properly Handle 2-digit Years in the Year 2000 and Beyond
With LE/VSE′s date and time services you can use existing date formats for the
Year 2000 and beyond. LE/VSE employs a sliding scheme called a century
window. When LE/VSE performs a date function, it determines the century of the
2-digit year by using this window and, optionally returns a 4-digit year. This
means that you can write your applications with the Year 2000 in mind, without
having to change the way dates are stored in your existing databases, or you
can modify the dates stored in your existing databases by using the 4-digit years
provided by LE/VSE date and time services.
2.3.2 Mix Legacy Code with New Code
LE/VSE protects your investment in your applications by minimizing disruption to
your system and programming resources as you migrate your current
applications, with certain exceptions such as:
•
COBOL 85 Standard interpretation changes
•
Reserved Words changes
These are described in more detail in 5.4, “Differences from VS COBOL II Using
NOCMPR2” on page 38. For details to correct these problems, please refer to
Modifying your VS COBOL II Source Programs in the COBOL/VSE Migration
Guide .
This upward compatibility means that you can produce new applications largely
from older object modules and phases. It also means that you do not have to
recompile and relink-edit the whole application and only that part needs to be
compiled which has been changed.
If your applications contain DOS PL/I programs, you must recompile them using
the PL/I VSE compiler. There are certain exceptions such as COUNT, NOCOUNT,
FLOW and NOFLOW which are not applicable and other reserved words which
have had their names changed such as ISASIZE to STACK, REPORT to
RPTSTG(ON), NOREPORT to RPTSTG(OFF), STAE to TRAP(ON) and NOSTAE to
TRAP(OFF). DOS PL/I programs are source-level compatible. DOS PL/I
programs are source-level compatible with PL/I VSE and can be compiled with
the PL/I VSE compiler without change.
If your applications contain C/370 programs, you must recompile them using the
C/VSE compiler. C/370 programs are source level compatible with C/VSE and
can be compiled with the C/VSE compiler without change.
Routines that depend on dump formats, error message formats, error handling
routines, Assembler routines and the like, may have to be changed.
12
Migration to COBOL/VSE
2.3.3 Debug Applications Interactively
LE/VSE provides a common debugging interface for all LE/VSE-conforming
languages. With the Debug Tool for VSE/ESA you can interactively:
•
View a program listing while debugging.
•
Step through execution code.
•
Set dynamic break points.
•
Track variables.
•
Modify program and variable storage during debug.
•
Debug mixed-language applications.
•
Develop testing scripts for regression testing.
2.3.4 Manage Storage Dynamically
Common storage management services are provided for all LE/VSE conforming
languages. LE/VSE controls the storage your routines use at run-time, removing
the need for each language to maintain a unique storage manager and avoiding
the incompatibilities between different storage mechanisms. Storage
management support provides:
•
a common heap for all conforming languages
•
run-time options for storage tuning
•
multiple heap support
•
a storage reporting facility
•
callable services to dynamically create, allocate, free, and discard heap
storage
LE/VSE storage services supplement and cooperate with the existing C malloc()
and free() functions, and with the PL/I ALLOCATE and FREE statements. You can
also use the storage services to allocate and free storage dynamically for your
COBOL routines, eliminating the need for Assembler.
2.3.5 Perform Date and Time Calculations
With LE/VSE′s date and time services you can:
•
format date and time values according to country or custom′s formats
•
parse date and time values
•
convert values between Gregorian, Julian, Asian, Lilian calendar formats
•
calculate days between dates
•
calculate elapsed time
All LE/VSE date and time services conform to national language support
guidelines, including full DBCS support.
Chapter 2. Why Migrate?
13
2.3.6 Access an Extensive Set of Mathematical Services
LE/VSE′s math services are fast, accurate, and accommodate a wide range of
data types. With LE/VSE, you can access a rich set of math services from
COBOL, PL/I, C, and Assembler routines through a common interface, and thus
avoid potentially conflicting results from language specific math services.
2.3.7 Share Common Run-time Services
Before LE/VSE, the language-specific run-time libraries provided many similar
services, but they were managed independently and were not always consistent
across languages.
LE/VSE consolidates essential run-time services for initialization, termination,
message handling, condition handling, storage management, national language
support, math calculations, and other common programming tasks into a single
run-time environment. These services are available, through a common calling
interface, to applications produced with LE/VSE-conforming language compilers.
2.3.8 Handle Conditions Consistently
One of LE/VSE′s most significant benefits is the way it handles conditions.
LE/VSE establishes a consistent condition handling method for high-level
languages and Assembler language routines that adhere to LE/VSE protocols.
LE/VSE also gives you the flexibility to create your own condition handling
routines, so you can deal with conditions as you wish.
LE/VSE′s condition handling honors both single and mixed-language
applications, and is integrated with run-time message handling services to
provide you with specific information about each condition.
When an application abends, LE/VSE provides a common dump environment
where you can find, in one place, traceback information, the contents of program
variables, control block information, error condition information, and program
status data for all languages used in the application. This means that you need
less language-specific knowledge to understand a run-time dump.
For COBOL applications, the Language Environment condition handling is a
natural extension of the language that permits existing applications to function
as before, or take advantage of the additional features.
2.3.9 Perform Interlanguage Communication More Efficiently
With LE/VSE, routines call one another within one common run-time
environment. This makes ILC in mixed-language applications easier and more
efficient.
LE/VSE eliminates incompatibilities among language-specific run-time
environments, removing the need for initialization and termination of a
language-specific run-time environment. This single run-time environment makes
interlanguage communication in mixed-language applications easier, more
efficient and more consistent.
This ILC capability also means that you can share and reuse code easily. For
instance, you can write a service routine in the language of your choice COBOL,
PL/I, C or Assembler - and allow that routine to be called from COBOL, PL/I, C
or Assembler applications. Reusing already developed code instead of
14
Migration to COBOL/VSE
repeating the function in more than one language saves application development
time, testing, and maintenance costs, and improves the quality of the code.
2.3.10 Customize Routines for International Requirements
LE/VSE provides a set of data files, called locales, which define coded character
sets to reflect the different specific requirements of users of various countries.
From your COBOL, PL/I or C routines you can access these pre-defined locales
at run time through a set of locale callable services. With locale callable
services, application developers can build programs that can be marketed
globally, and still meet the end user′s need to work with specific languages,
cultures, and convention. You can also create your own locales, or modify an
IBM supplied locale using the locale definition utility supplied with LE/VSE.
2.4 The Benefits of COBOL/VSE in LE/VSE
COBOL/VSE is the newest VSE COBOL compiler and is the recommended target
compiler for your COBOL II and DOS/VS COBOL applications.
COBOL/VSE has new language extensions and provides support for LE/VSE
features on top of the VS COBOL II language. New with COBOL/VSE is a set of
intrinsic functions that enable you to perform mathematical, statistical, financial,
character string or date and time calculations with simple invocations from
COBOL statements. With LE/VSE, COBOL users can:
•
Utilize COBOL/VSE intrinsic functions
•
Write applications that utilize 31-bit addressing
•
Use structured programming language constructs
•
Allow connectivity to other products
•
Use a wide variety of data types and character sets
•
Have increased control over compiler output, such as Associated Data
Some of the important COBOL features are described below.
2.4.1 COBOL/VSE Intrinsic Functions
COBOL/VSE offers a set of functions, that you can invoke to provide values at
execution time. These values require complex calculations, such as the
calculation of present value or the average of a large number of values. Intrinsic
functions and the ALL subscript are a powerful combination, making it possible
to reduce the code needed for applications that require mathematical, statistical,
financial and time calculations.
2.4.2 Structured Programming
The COBOL 85 Standard supported by COBOL/VSE, provides efficient language
constructs. These constructs include nested programs, in-line PERFORM
statements, nested statements using explicit scope terminators, and the
EVALUATE statement. Using these constructs will aid in the development of
applications that conform to top-down design, modular program development,
and structured programming concepts.
Chapter 2. Why Migrate?
15
2.4.3 Using Other Products from COBOL/VSE Programs
The COBOL/VSE language makes it easy to use the services of other products.
Among the products that can be used from COBOL/VSE are:
•
Customer Information Control System (CICS)
•
DOS/VS DL/I
•
DFSORT/VSE
•
Sort/Merge II
•
Structured Query Language/Data System (SQL/DS)
•
IBM Language Environment for VSE/ESA (LE/VSE)
2.4.4 Support for Reentrancy
LE/VSE supports programs that are reentrant. If a reentrant program (or a
reentrant subroutine) is placed in a shared area of virtual storage, a single copy
of the program will satisfy all requests for the program, even simultaneous
requests. With the improved ILC of LE/VSE, reentrant applications can now
include both PL/I and COBOL subprograms.
2.4.5 COBOL/VSE Programs and LE/VSE
LE/VSE, the common run-time environment for COBOL/VSE programs, provides
over 80 services that you can call directly from COBOL/VSE programs, using the
CALL statement.
For LE/VSE callable services that require the address of a procedure to be
passed as an argument, COBOL/VSE adds new extensions for the USAGE clause
that a data item is being used as a procedure pointer; that is, it contains the
address of a procedure entry point to the data item.
2.4.6 Double-Byte Character Set
COBOL/VSE accepts characters in the Double-Byte Character Set (DBCS) and
the standard COBOL set of characters. DBCS support makes it easier to develop
COBOL applications that require a DBCS character set - such as applications
using Kanji data.
2.4.7 Advanced Compiler Features
COBOL/VSE is a full-function compiler that can:
16
•
Assist in migration, compatibility, and conformance to standards
•
Produce easy-to-use listing
•
Generate code that is set up for debugging
•
Optimize generated code
•
Provide flexible numeric sign processing
•
Help you manage storage
•
Offer performance improvements in sorting
Migration to COBOL/VSE
2.5 Debug Tool for VSE/ESA
Debug Tool for VSE/ESA (DT/VSE) is a source-level debugger for programs that
were compiled under High Level Language compilers that support LE/VSE.
DT/VSE is a program-testing and analysis aid that allows users to examine,
monitor, and control the execution of their programs. Programs can be
dynamically patched to overcome execution failures.
Debugging sessions may be performed in either interactive or batch mode.
The debug capability can be particularly valuable in the context of the Year 2000
challenge. You are likely to find yourself making substantial changes to a
significant portion of the application portfolio. These debugging facilities can help
you make the testing of those changes productive and comprehensive. Thus
DT/VSE can help reduce the total cost and risk of the project.
DT/VSE is supplied as an optional feature with COBOL/VSE, PL/I VSE and C/VSE.
If you want to obtain DT/VSE you will only need to order the feature via one of
the compilers. DT/VSE will work with all supported LE-enabled programs
irrespective of the compiler with which it was ordered.
Chapter 2. Why Migrate?
17
18
Migration to COBOL/VSE
Chapter 3. Migration Considerations
3.1 Planning for Migration
Depending on your site′s situation you will most likely have to plan for the
following conversion tasks:
•
Upgrade your base operating system
To take advantage of COBOL/VSE and LE/VSE Release 4 your operating
system has to be upgraded to VSE/ESA 2.2 or VSE/ESA 1.4.3.
•
Move your run-time environment to LE/VSE
A run-time migration consists of link-editing the application program object
module with the LE/VSE library modules to produce a program phase. The
run-time environment is then changed to access the LE/VSE library modules.
•
Upgrade your source to COBOL/VSE
A source migration consists of updating the application program source if
necessary, and compiling the program with an LE/VSE-conforming compiler.
If you already have LE/VSE Release 1 installed, then a migration to LE/VSE
Release 4 should also be planned. For details see 3.4, “LE/VSE Migration from
Release 1 to Release 4” on page 25.
3.2 Migration Scenarios
The COBOL environment is complex due to the number of supported products
and the sharing of module and phase names.
The supported products are:
•
DOS/VS COBOL 1.3.1
•
VS COBOL II
•
COBOL/VSE
•
LE/VSE
The following table shows the valid combinations of COBOL products and the
potential conflicts of module and phase names when multiple products are
concurrently installed.
Table 2 (Page 1 of 2). Valid Scenarios for COBOL Compiler, Link-Edit, and Run Time
If you compile with this
compiler...
And you link-edit with this
run-time library...
Then you can run with this
run-time library...
DOS/VS COBOL *
DOS/VS COBOL ILB
VS COBOL II *
LE/VSE *
DOS/VS COBOL FCOB
VS COBOL II ILB
VS COBOL II *
LE/VSE *
LE/VSE ILB
 Copyright IBM Corp. 1997
LE/VSE *
19
Table 2 (Page 2 of 2). Valid Scenarios for COBOL Compiler, Link-Edit, and Run Time
If you compile with this
compiler...
And you link-edit with this
run-time library...
VS COBOL II IGY
using RES compile-time option
VS COBOL II IGZ
Then you can run with this
run-time library...
VS COBOL II IGZ
LE/VSE IGZ
LE/VSE IGZ
LE/VSE IGZ
VS COBOL II IGY
using NORES compile-time option
VS COBOL II IGZ
Not required **
LE/VSE IGZ
LE/VSE IGZ
COBOL/VSE IGY
LE/VSE IGZ
LE/VSE IGZ
Note:
*
For programs compiled by DOS/VS COBOL, there are a few library routines that can be used at run time,
but this is application program dependent.
**
Prior to APAR PN09126, the VS COBOL II run-time library was required for DTF build routines.
FCOB Prefix for DOS/VS COBOL compiler modules.
ILB Prefix for DOS/VS COBOL run-time modules.
IGY Prefix for VS COBOL II and COBOL/VSE compiler modules.
IGZ Prefix for VS COBOL II run-time modules and COBOL language component run-time modules of LE/VSE.
Table 2 on page 19 shows that for COBOL:
•
There is a possibility of module name conflict when old and new products
are installed concurrently.
•
It is possible to use new LE/VSE run-time programs with older
COBOL-compiled programs before implementing the COBOL/VSE compiler.
If you are a COBOL user, there are choices available so you must decide on a
migration strategy. LE/VSE provides object compatibility for programs compiled
with either DOS/VS COBOL or VS COBOL II. Therefore, in most cases it is
possible to migrate the run-time component first and then gradually introduce
the new LE-conforming compiler.
The migration scenarios for COBOL are:
•
•
20
Migration to COBOL/VSE
Source
−
DOS/VS COBOL 1.3.1 to COBOL/VSE
−
VS COBOL II (CMPR2) to COBOL/VSE
−
VS COBOL II (NOCMPR2) to COBOL/VSE
Run-time
−
DOS/VS COBOL 1.3.1 to LE/VSE
−
VS COBOL II to LE/VSE
−
LE/VSE Release 1 to LE/VSE Release 4
Recompile and/or relink?
- When must I recompile?
* For COBOL, it depends on whether source code has been amended
to conform with COBOL/VSE requirements or if LE/VSE callable
services are being introduced into the program.
- When must I relink?
* Always if recompile has been done.
* If no recompile is done for COBOL, it depends......, but highly
recommended.
* Few customers retain object modules, so usually recompile is done.
3.2.1 Ability to Combine Old and New Compile Units
When upgrading your applications to the new COBOL technology, you should
think of Selective Conversion. If you have an application that consists of multiple
programs in DOS/VS COBOL and/or VS COBOL II, you can upgrade a program
to take advantage of some new LE/VSE features or even the COBOL/VSE
intrinsic functions. Then you have to compile the program with COBOL/VSE and
relink it with your old DOS/VS COBOL and/or VS COBOL II programs. Now your
application can run with LE/VSE and the execution of your DOS/VS COBOL and
VS COBOL II programs is supported. You can then upgrade the other programs
when you open them for maintenance.
Recommendation
Where possible do a run-time migration to LE/VSE first, then carefully plan
and implement a source migration. New development can be done with the
COBOL/VSE compiler.
3.2.2 Run-time Migration
Run-time migration is required to:
•
Position to prepare for source migration in ″compatibility mode″
If you are able to do a run-time migration first then you can prepare for a
source migration by implementing the new LE/VSE run-time components in
compatibility mode.
Compatibility mode
″Compatibility mode″ means running old programs compiled with
pre-LE/VSE-conforming languages and executed using the LE/VSE
run-time library. LE/VSE provides compatibility mode for both DOS/VS
COBOL and VS COBOL II programs.
•
Implement source migration to LE/VSE-conforming compiler
To run any program compiled with an LE/VSE-conforming compiler, you must
use LE/VSE run-time libraries.
Chapter 3. Migration Considerations
21
Recommendation
SVA usage - although there will be recommendations to place LE/VSE phases
in the SVA, consider these very carefully during the migration period. This is
because there may be name conflicts with existing products which could
result in accessing an incorrect copy of a phase.
During the migration period try to avoid placing phases in the SVA for
products that have conflicting phase names.
The potential complexity of the COBOL run-time environment is shown in
Table 2 on page 19.
By implication, you must ensure that the correct version of a module is accessed
by:
•
•
•
Having the correct LIBDEF order
Avoiding use of the SVA if possible during migration
Being aware of COBPACK contents
3.2.2.1 COBOL Run-time Migration Hints and Tips
•
Access the correct modules
LE/VSE COBOL has modules with names common to both VS COBOL II and
DOS/VS COBOL. Also, some LE/VSE COBOL batch modules have the same
names as LE/VSE COBOL CICS modules.
It is important to ensure that the correct module is accessed.
Unless overridden, by default LE/VSE modules reside in VSE library
PRD2.SCEEBASE, except LE/VSE COBOL CICS modules which reside in
PRD2.SCEECICS.
−
−
•
Migrating from DOS/VS COBOL
Batch
PRD2.SCEEBASE before PRD2.SCEECICS before PRD2.PROD
CICS
PRD2.SCEECICS before PRD2.SCEEBASE before PRD2.PROD
Migrating from VS COBOL II
Batch
PRD2.SCEEBASE before PRD2.SCEECICS before PRD2.DBASE
and PRD2.CICSR
CICS
PRD2.SCEECICS before PRD2.SCEEBASE before PRD2.CICSR
and PRD2.DBASE
Tape or Disk Manager - see your OEM Vendor for required fixes
If your installation has a Third-Party Tape or Disk Manager such as
CA-DYNAM or CA-EPIC, then contact the Vendor for appropriate fixes for
LE/VSE.
•
ALL31(ON) default in CICS must be OFF to run AMODE 24 applications
•
Assess suitability of both batch and CICS run-time options
There are different LE/VSE supplied default options for batch and CICS.
These should be examined and adjusted for suitability in your environment.
22
Migration to COBOL/VSE
3.2.3 Source Migration
Source migration consists of amending the source if necessary and recompiling
the program. If you have programs that run using CICS, translate the programs,
using the CICS/VSE-supplied translator.
A source migration is required to:
•
Make changes because of language syntax differences
•
Add code to take advantage of new language functionality
•
Make changes to provide for Year 2000 support
•
Correct poor programming techniques
•
Implement LE/VSE-conforming compiler
Your target environment should be source that can be compiled with
COBOL/VSE and the NOCMPR2 compile option. If you have previously migrated
to VS COBOL II and NOCMPR2 then your source will not need to be changed.
NOCMPR2
The NOCMPR2 compiler option provides the full ANSI 85 implementation of
COBOL/VSE and VS COBOL II.
The CMPR2 compiler option provides compatibility with VS COBOL II Release
2 and is provided as an aid to migration (along with the FLAGMIG option).
New COBOL/VSE language elements, such as intrinsic functions, are not
supported under CMPR2.
Migrating from all other environments will require varying degrees of source
changes. Consult the COBOL for VSE/ESA Migration Guide for specific details.
3.2.3.1 COBOL Source Migration Hints and Tips
•
Change compiler name from FCOBOL to IGYCRCTL
The COBOL/VSE compiler is invoked by executing phase IGYCRCTL. If you
are migrating from DOS/VS COBOL then ensure that your JCL is changed to
execute IGYCRCTL instead of FCOBOL.
If you are converting from VS COBOL II, then no change is required.
•
Modify SELECT and ASSIGN clauses
The format of the SELECT and ASSIGN clauses has changed to a much
simpler form. COBOL/VSE will in some cases allow the DOS/VS COBOL
coding format but may produce unexpected results at run time due to a
different interpretation of the ASSIGN clause format.
For example, the statement in DOS/VS COBOL (for a standard label tape file):
SELECT FILEA ASSIGN TO SYS010-UT-3420-S
must be amended to:
SELECT FILEA ASSIGN TO filename
where filename must be a valid
VSE/ESA filename that matches the name
specified on the // TLBL JCL statement.
For example: // TLBL filename ,′Tape file label′
•
Remove unsupported language elements
Chapter 3. Migration Considerations
23
These are comprehensively documented in the IBM COBOL for VSE/ESA
Migration Guide . Examples include the removal of Report Writer and ISAM
support.
•
RETURN-CODE special register
COBOL/VSE (and VS COBOL II) provides a special register called
RETURN-CODE that is used to pass a completion code back to the operating
system. This register will be set after every COBOL/VSE CALL statement to
contain the value returned by the subroutine (non-COBOL/VSE and non-VS
COBOL II) in General Register 15. During program termination this value will
be passed back to VSE/ESA as a return code. If the value is non-zero this
can cause an unexpected completion code or at worse a VSE dump.
To avoid this it is recommended that the statement:
MOVE 0 TO RETURN-CODE
is inserted before STOP RUN or GOBACK statements.
Note: A new LE/VSE Run-Time Option (RETZERO) is being provided to assist
customers migrating from DOS/VS COBOL. This will allow the
RETURN-CODE to be always set to zero without modifying source
code. See APARs PQ04876 and PQ04879 for PTF details.
•
Include Year 2000 changes
Although this is potentially a major exercise, you have a unique opportunity
with the implementation of COBOL/VSE and LE/VSE to amend program
source to be Year 2000 compliant. This may include incorporating new
LE/VSE Date/Time callable services or using COBOL/VSE intrinsic functions
to provide 4-digit years.
•
Avoid file attribute mismatches
DOS/VS COBOL file open processing does not comprehensively check that
the file definition in your program exactly matches the file definition (as
defined in the VTOC for a SAM file or a LISTCAT for a VSAM file).
Because of ANSI 85 requirements, LE/VSE COBOL open processing carries
out many detailed checks for consistency between program and actual file
definition before opening the file. This can result in file open failures in
LE/VSE COBOL even though no changes have been made. The best
approach is to add a file status check following each OPEN statement. Then,
if these subsequently indicate problems amend your program appropriately.
•
Ensure ANSI85 option used for CICS translation
Either ANSI85 or its equivalent COBOL2 must be specified in the XOPTS
CICS/VSE translator options for CICS/VSE Command Level Programs.
(The keyword COBOL2 is valid for both VS COBOL II and COBOL/VSE
programs.)
This has two main effects on the translated code. Firstly, the translated
program will contain the RENT compiler option which is required by
programs running with LE/VSE and CICS/VSE. Secondly, the resulting
COBOL/VSE code generated by translating certain EXEC CICS statements is
necessarily different for the ANSI85 option.
24
Migration to COBOL/VSE
3.3 Source Migration Aids and Tools
If you use the available conversion aids, you will find that upgrading to
COBOL/VSE can be less difficult than expected. The following conversion tools
can assist in upgrading your source program to COBOL/VSE:
•
DOS/VS COBOL MIGR compiler option (for DOS/VS COBOL programs)
•
DOS/VS COBOL migration PTFs
•
COBOL/VSE CMPR2, FLAGMIG and NOCOMPILE compiler options
•
COBOL and CICS Command Level Conversion Aid for VSE (CCCA/VSE)
•
COBOL Report Writer Precompiler
•
COBOL Structuring Facility (COBOL/SF)
•
Debug Tool for VSE/ESA
•
VisualAge for COBOL, Professional for OS/2
For a detailed description of these tools refer to Chapter 4, “Conversion Aids”
on page 29.
3.4 LE/VSE Migration from Release 1 to Release 4
3.4.1 New in LE/VSE Release 4
LE/VSE Release 4 is a major functional enhancement to LE/VSE Release 1.
LE/VSE Release 4 is based on Language Environment for MVS and VM (LE 370)
Release 4 (but without multitasking support). New features introduced include:
•
C Support
C language run-time support has been added for C applications compiled
with the new LE/VSE-conforming C language compiler.
•
Support for Debug Tool for VSE/ESA
Support has been added for interactive and batch-mode debugging of
applications using a debug tool such as Debug Tool for VSE/ESA. The TEST
run-time option specifies the conditions under which DT/VSE assumes
control when the user application is being initialized. For meaningful results
using DT/VSE, your program must have been compiled with the compiler
TEST option set.
•
New and changed run-time options
For details about new and changed run-time options see the manuals LE/VSE
Run-Time Migration Guide and LE/VSE Programming Reference .
•
New callable services and other functions
For details about new callable services see the manuals LE/VSE Run-Time
Migration Guide and LE/VSE Programming Reference .
To take advantage of the many new features and facilities provided by this new
release you should plan for a migration to LE/VSE Release 4. In addition to this,
LE/VSE Release 1 was already withdrawn from marketing in 12/96, and will be
withdrawn from service in 12/97.
Chapter 3. Migration Considerations
25
LE/VSE Release 4 provides general object and phase compatibility for
applications that run with a previous release of LE/VSE.
Phases will run compatibly with any level of LE/VSE that is equivalent to or
higher than the level used to link-edit them.
Object modules can be link-edited with any level of LE/VSE that is equivalent to
or higher than the level required by the compiler that generated them.
3.4.2 Abnormal Termination Considerations
With LE/VSE Release 1, the IBM-supplied assembler user exit for CICS always
requested an abend when an enclave ended with the following types of
unhandled LE/VSE condition of severity 2 or greater, regardless of the setting of
the ABTERMENC run-time option:
•
A software-raised condition, such as the condition caused by LE/VSE if you
try to run an AMODE 24 program without specifying the ALL31(OFF) and
STACK(,,BELOW) run-time options.
•
A user-raised condition (caused by a call to the CEESGL callable service).
When the assembler user exit requests an abend at enclave termination, LE/VSE
uses an abend code provided by the exit or, if the exit does not provide an
abend code, one based upon the severity of the condition that caused
termination. The IBM-supplied assembler user exit for CICS does not provide an
abend code, so LE/VSE uses an abend code based upon the condition severity. A
severity 2 condition produces an abend code of 2000, a severity 3 condition
produces an abend code of 3000 and so on.
With LE/VSE Release 4, the assembler user exit for CICS does not specifically
request an abend when an enclave terminates with an unhandled condition of
severity 2 or greater. Instead, the ABTERMENC run-time option in effect at the
time is honored. If ABTERMENC(ABEND) is in effect during abnormal termination,
the enclave is terminated with abend code 4038.
In addition, with LE/VSE Release 4, the IBM-supplied abnormal termination exit
for CICS, which is driven whenever an enclave terminated abnormally, requests
a CICS transaction dump with a dump code of 4039. The CICS transaction dump
is produced in addition to the abnormal termination information produced by
LE/VSE under the control of the TERMTHDACT run-time option. Unlike LE/VSE
abnormal termination information, which is written to the CESE transient data
queue, the CICS dump is written to the CICS dump data set. There was no
corresponding abnormal termination exit for CICS supplied with LE/VSE Release
1.
For more information about customizing, see the LE/VSE Installation and
Customization Guide .
3.4.3 Packaging Changes Since Release 1
The packaging of LE/VSE has changed between Release 1 and Release 4. For
details about these changes and planning considerations when upgrading to
Release 4 see the redbook Taking Advantage of Language Environment for
VSE/ESA .
26
Migration to COBOL/VSE
3.5 Considerations about Prerequisite Products for Upgrading to COBOL/VSE
The list below gives the prerequisite product levels that you need to upgrade to
COBOL/VSE and migrate to LE/VSE.
Table 3. Required Product Level
Enterprise System
Architecture(ESA)
VSE/ESA 1.4.3 or VSE/ESA 2.2 is required to run applications with LE/VSE
1.4.
CICS/VSE Version 2 Release 3
LE/VSE Release 1 and later require CICS/VSE Version 2 Release 3.
Vendor Product Support
Any Vendor products used by your site should be LE/VSE-enabled for the
LE/VSE TRAP(ON) run-time option.
If you find that any of the above prevents you from upgrading to COBOL/VSE and
LE/VSE, you can still take incremental steps to prepare for conversion when
these obstacles no longer apply. For example:
•
Evaluate the effort to move to LE/VSE.
•
Code applications based on COBOL/VSE and LE/VSE requirements to ease a
future conversion. For example, specify the RES compiler option instead of
NORES. (COBOL/VSE does not support the RES/NORES compiler option, and
all programs are RES-like under LE/VSE.)
•
Convert all source code to COBOL 85 Standard.
3.6 Major Changes with COBOL/VSE and LE/VSE
With LE/VSE, you will find that existing applications are affected in two areas:
abends after severe errors and the RES/NORES environment. A brief description
of the differences and actions required to ensure compatibility follows.
3.6.1 Change Default LE/VSE Run-time Options
The DOS/VS COBOL and VS COBOL II run-time options do not control whether
or not your programs with severe errors end with an abend. With DOS/VS
COBOL and VS COBOL II, all severe errors result in abends.
LE/VSE′s default run-time option settings allow you to intercept and handle
severe errors instead of ending the application with an abend. To ensure your
application ends with an abend when there is a severe error, specify the LE/VSE
ABTERMENC(ABEND) run-time option as an installation default.
3.6.2 Understand the RES Environment
COBOL/VSE does not provide the RES/NORES compiler option. All programs are
RES under COBOL/VSE. For existing applications compiled with NORES, two
factors apply:
•
If you recompile existing programs with your current compiler, specify the
RES compiler option instead of the NORES compiler option. This allows you
to use some LE/VSE services after link-editing with LE/VSE and also
eliminates some link-edit requirements for a future move to LE/VSE.
•
Since programs compiled with RES access the library when invoked, you
now need to determine whether to place LE/VSE in the permanent LIBDEF
chain or temporary LIBDEF chain, depending on your site′s current
configuration.
Chapter 3. Migration Considerations
27
Note: The RES/NORES compiler option only applies to VS COBOL II. This option
does not exist in DOS/VS COBOL, which is usually referred to as a
′NORES′ environment, because all library routines are included at
link-edit time.
28
Migration to COBOL/VSE
Chapter 4. Conversion Aids
There are several migrations tools available, which you can use for a smooth
migration/conversion to COBOL/VSE. We shall discuss each in order to get an
idea of their capabilities. A detailed discussion of the differences between the
various language levels can be found in Chapter 5, “Significant Differences
between Old COBOL and COBOL/VSE” on page 35.
Table 4. Migration Aids
Migration Tool
Description
DOS/VS COBOL MIGR Compiler
option
Flags most statements that are changed in, or not supported by
COBOL/VSE with NOCMPR2. (Does not flag undocumented extensions to
DOS/VS COBOL)
DOS/VS COBOL Migration PTFs
Support for customers for a migration to a VSE/ESA 2.2 or VSE/ESA 1.4.3
system.
COBOL/VSE FLAGMIG, CMPR2,
NOCOMPILE Compiler option
Identifies DOS/VS COBOL and VS COBOL II language elements that are
incompatible with COBOL/VSE NOCMPR2.
COBOL and CICS Command Level
Conversion Aid for VSE (CCCA)
Program Offering 5785-CCC
Converts CICS and non-CICS source code into COBOL/VSE source code.
COBOL Report Writer Precompiler
Program Offering 5798-DYR
Converts Report Writer statements into COBOL/VSE source code or runs
as a precompiler for COBOL/VSE.
IBM COBOL Structuring
Facility/MVS and VM Version 3
(COBOL/SF) Program Product
5696-737
Running under MVS or VM, COBOL/SF transforms unstructured DOS/VS
COBOL or VS COBOL II to structured COBOL/VSE programs. Please note
that COBOL/SF is not available under VSE.
IBM Debug Tool for VSE/ESA
Release 1 Feature of the Full
Function order of COBOL/VSE
Debug Tool for COBOL/VSE.
IBM VisualAge for COBOL
Professional for OS/2 V2.0 Program
Number 5639-B92
Workstation based COBOL compiler.
IBM COBOL Workstation Function
Optional Feature of IBM
COBOL/VSE V1 Program Number
5686-068
The same as VisualAge for COBOL Professional for OS/2 V 2.0.
4.1 DOS/VS COBOL MIGR Compiler Option
You can use the DOS/VS COBOL MIGR compiler option whenever you are
planning to convert a DOS/VS COBOL program to COBOL/VSE with NOCMPR2.
This option allows you to analyze the conversion effort, and helps identify
required changes. By compiling your programs using MIGR, you can determine
ahead of time what language elements must be converted.
There are incompatibilities in the following areas:
 Copyright IBM Corp. 1997
•
New reserved words were introduced for added COBOL functions
•
Language function is supported in a different manner
•
Language function is no longer supported
29
You can set the MIGR compiler option either as an installation default at install
time, or when compiling a DOS/VS COBOL program. When you set MIGR on, the
compiler flags most statements that are changed in, or not supported by,
COBOL/VSE with NOCMPR2.
4.2 DOS/VS COBOL Migration PTFs
Customers running DOS/VS COBOL 1.3.0 and DOS/VS COBOL 1.3.1 are no
longer able to order these products since they were withdrawn from marketing
on March 24, 1997. These products are no longer available on any optional
product distribution media, or individual product order.
The components are:
5746CB100 E44 (RE44) DOS/VS COBOL 1.3.0 Compiler
5746LM400 E45 (RE45) DOS/VS COBOL 1.3.0 Library
5746CB100 E46 (RE46) DOS/VS COBOL 1.3.1 Compiler
5746LM400 E47 (RE47) DOS/VS COBOL 1.3.1 Library
Migration assistance for these customers is available by PTFs. These PTFs
contain sample JCL that will assist in the migration of both libraries and MSHP
service information to a new operating system environment. The target
environment will be VSE/ESA 2.2 and above or VSE/ESA 1.4.3 and above. The
following PTFs are available:
•
PTF UQ02699 for DOS/VS COBOL 1.3.0 Library
•
PTF UQ02700 for DOS/VS COBOL 1.3.1 Library
•
PTF UQ02697 for DOS/VS COBOL 1.3.0 Compiler
•
PTF UQ02698 for DOS/VS COBOL 1.3.1 Compiler
The PTFs provide Z. members in PROD2.PROD that create an MSHP installation
tape for the product currently on your system. This tape is suitable for product
installation on another system. The PTFs do this by defining a temporary
sublibrary, copying all the members of the compiler/library from PRD2.PROD to
that sublibrary, then backing up the product to tape from that sublibrary.
This is handy for people who have not kept their stacked product tape from
VSE/ESA 2.1 or earlier. MSHP history information and appropriate service also
are included on this tape to keep your service level up to date.
4.3 COBOL/VSE FLAGMIG, CMPR2, and NOCOMPILE Compiler Options
You can identify DOS/VS COBOL and VS COBOL II Release 2 statements that
are either not supported or changed in COBOL/VSE NOCMPR2 by compiling
existing old programs with the COBOL/VSE FLAGMIG compiler option together
with the COBOL/VSE CMPR2 compiler option. The NOCOMPILE option can also
be used with this for saving system resources over a full compile with the
COMPILE compiler option.
30
Migration to COBOL/VSE
4.4 COBOL and CICS Command Level Conversion Aid for VSE (CCCA/VSE)
CCCA/VSE is an effective tool for converting old COBOL source code and copy
modules to the new COBOL standard. CCCA converts DOS/VS COBOL, and
COBOL 74 Standard VS COBOL II (VS COBOL II Release 3 and 4(CMPR2))
source code to COBOL 85 standard VS COBOL II Release 3 or 4(NOCMPR2) or to
COBOL/VSE.
CCCA is designed to automate identifying incompatible source code and
converting it to COBOL/VSE source code. Using CCCA will help to reduce the
effort required to convert programs, and to minimize conversion errors.
In cases where a statement is no longer supported and has no equivalent
statement in the target COBOL, CCCA flags the statement. Table 5 on page 43
shows how CCCA handles incompatible source code.
CCCA is designed so that you can customize the conversion process to meet
unique conversion requirements. Installation and usage are easy, fast and
straight forward.
For a detailed description on how to use CCCA/VSE see Chapter 6, “CCCA/VSE”
on page 47.
Note: If you need to both convert your programs and structure your code and
you have COBOL/SF available, you can select an option within COBOL/SF
that will activate CCCA. CCCA will convert your program; then COBOL/SF
will structure it.
4.5 COBOL Report Writer Precompiler Release 4
The COBOL Report Writer statements are not supported in COBOL/VSE (and VS
COBOL II), instead the Report Writer feature is supported through use of the
Report Writer Precompiler Program Offering. The precompiler enables you to
use COBOL/VSE to compile your source programs written for DOS/VS COBOL
that incorporate Report Writer without needing to convert or rewrite the Report
Writer code. The precompiler also enables you to use Report Writer in new
programs, with the additional benefit of a greatly enhanced set of functions. All
the ANSI-85 features affecting Report Writer that first appeared with VS COBOL II
R3 are supported. The additional ANSI-85 Report Writer features are also
supported, provided the NOCMPR2 option is in effect.
You can use the COBOL Report Writer Precompiler to perform two functions:
1. To precompile applications containing Report Writer statements so the code
will be acceptable to the COBOL/VSE compiler.
For this function the precompiler runs under the control of the compiler by
using the compiler′s EXIT option. By this method the compiler appears to
handle Report Writer itself as a built-in part of COBOL. When used in its
built-in form, COBOL Report Writer Precompiler R4 uses either COBOL/VSE
and LE/VSE or VS COBOL II Compiler and Library.
2. To permanently convert Report Writer statements to valid COBOL statements
that can be compiled in COBOL/VSE.
In this case you run the precompiler as a separate step. It scans the source
code for any Report Writer elements, and converts them to valid COBOL,
leaving the rest of the source program unchanged. The resultant
Chapter 4. Conversion Aids
31
intermediate source program is written to SYSPCH. This may then be
compiled in a second JCL step. When used in this stand-alone form, it uses
LE/VSE or the run-time library of VS COBOL II, and is used together with
COBOL/VSE or the VS COBOL II compiler.
The Report Writer Precompiler offers the following features:
•
Extended Report Writer language capabilities.
•
Automatic invocation of the target COBOL compiler - as though Report Writer
statements in the source program are being processed by the COBOL
compiler itself.
•
Single consolidated source listing merge information from the Precompiler
and COBOL compiler listings.
•
COPY library members can contain Report Writer statements.
•
Supports the COBOL/VSE nested COPY feature.
•
Performs a diagnostic check of the Report Writer source statements.
•
Can be run in stand-alone mode to convert Report Writer statements in your
COBOL programs into non-Report Writer COBOL source statements
acceptable to the COBOL/VSE compiler.
•
VSE/ESA, MVS/ESA and VM/ESA support.
Further information can be found in the manuals COBOL Report Writer
Precompiler Installation and Operation for VSE/ESA and COBOL Report Writer
Precompiler Programmer ′ s Manual .
Note: A service update to COBOL Report Writer Release 4 is available for Year
2000 readiness. To receive this service update please contact the
following vendor:
SPC Systems - Mr. John Piggott
69 Merton Hall Road, Wimbledon
London SW19 3PX, United Kingdom
Telephone: (44) 181 540 8409
Fax: (44) 181 540 6152
4.6 COBOL Structuring Facility/MVS and VM
IBM COBOL Structuring Facility (COBOL/SF) offers you a way to re-engineer
your unstructured COBOL programs into structured COBOL code. By automating
this process, you can reduce the cost of program maintenance and increase
programmer productivity. This helps you protect your investments in existing
COBOL programs.
Note: Although COBOL/SF is not available for execution under VSE, you can still
benefit from the features it offers if your site operates either a VM or MVS
system. When installed under VM or MVS, COBOL/SF can be used to
restructure COBOL programs.
The input to COBOL/SF should be valid DOS/VS COBOL, VS COBOL II, or
COBOL/VSE source code.
32
Migration to COBOL/VSE
COBOL/SF can also help you establish and enforce structured programming
standards for new application program development. You can process all newly
developed code through COBOL/SF to ensure that your structured code
standards are being maintained.
COBOL/SF can sometimes uncover previously unknown information about the
input program - information that might provide an entirely different view of how
the program works. The COBOL/SF report documents potential anomalies in the
code and in each case describes the action taken by COBOL/SF. The report also
details complex parts of the unstructured program. There are other reports
available that do the following:
•
Sequence and list the input program
•
List the output program
•
Display cross-reference information from the input program to the output
program.
Note: If you need to both convert your programs and structure your code and
you have CCCA available, you can select an option within COBOL/SF that
will activate CCCA. CCCA will convert your program; then COBOL/SF will
structure it.
Details can be found in the manuals COBOL/SF Host User ′ s Guide and
COBOL/SF Reference Guide .
4.7 Debug Tool for VSE/ESA Release 1
Debug Tool for VSE/ESA (DT/VSE) is a source-level debugger for programs that
were compiled under High Level Language compilers that support LE/VSE.
DT/VSE is a program-testing and analysis aid that allows users to examine,
monitor, and control the execution of their programs.
The Debug Tool can prove invaluable during conversion and testing. Details can
be found in Chapter 7, “Debug Tool for VSE/ESA” on page 107.
4.8 VisualAge for COBOL, Professional for OS/2 V 2.0
VisualAge for COBOL for OS/2 provides a workstation environment for
developing and maintaining COBOL programs. With a context sensitive editor,
and enhancements to the Redeveloper it provides an environment for doing
much of the Year 2000 changes for COBOL applications. The Redeveloper
Program Understanding tool can be used to analyze COBOL/VSE programs.
Program Understanding uses the Associated Data (ADATA) files created by the
COBOL compiler to perform its analysis. To use Program Understanding to
analyze your programs you can either:
•
Download your COBOL/VSE program source and copybooks and compile
using VisualAge for COBOL on the workstation to create the ADATA files.
•
Compile your COBOL/VSE programs on your VSE/ESA system and download
the resultant ADATA files. PTF UQ04730 is available for COBOL/VSE to
enable ADATA support needed for Program Understanding.
Since these enhancements were not yet available, when this redbook was
written, we could not gain any experience with them.
Chapter 4. Conversion Aids
33
4.9 COBOL Workstation Feature
An alternate method for you to acquire the functions delivered by VisualAge for
COBOL, Professional for OS/2 V2.0 is to order the COBOL Workstation Feature.
This offering is orderable as a feature of COBOL/VSE and provides the following
additional benefits over VisualAge for COBOL:
34
•
Monthly license charging (orderable in increments of 20 user licenses).
•
Program services, including phone support.
•
Future releases at no additional charge.
Migration to COBOL/VSE
Chapter 5. Significant Differences between Old COBOL and
COBOL/VSE
There are three categories in the ″difference of languages″:
•
New functions
•
Obsolete functions
•
Changed functions
You can find the new functions of COBOL/VSE and LE in Chapter 2, “Why
Migrate?” on page 11.
For existing programs, the problems are caused by the latter two cases
(obsolete functions, changed functions).
In this chapter, we will consider these functions.
The manual COBOL/VSE Migration Guide describes how to modify your old
COBOL source programs to COBOL/VSE level.
The old source programs can be separated into the following four groups
depending on the compiler and options for compilation of them.
•
DOS/VS COBOL using LANGLVL(1) (COBOL 68 standard)
•
DOS/VS COBOL using LANGLVL(2) (COBOL 74 standard)
•
VS COBOL II using CMPR2
(COBOL 74 standard)
•
VS COBOL II using NOCMPR2
(COBOL 85 standard)
A detailed list of all incompatibilities can be found in the manual COBOL/VSE
Migration Guide (and VS COBOL II Migration Guide for the difference between
CMPR2 and NOCMPR2).
This chapter concentrates on some aspects based on experience in actual
migration projects:
•
Which incompatibilities frequently happen?
•
Which incompatibilities cause a lot of impact?
•
Which incompatibilities are easy/difficult to find?
•
Which incompatibilities are easy/difficult to modify?
In addition, you will find typical examples and the result/experience of converting
them using CCCA. See Appendix A, “Sample Case of Language Conversion” on
page 135. This shows how CCCA can help your conversion and what kind of
work remains to be done after CCCA conversion.
5.1
Differences from DOS/VS COBOL Using LANGLVL(1)
1. Difference from COBOL 68 Standard
•
Report Writer function was removed
CCCA does not support this conversion. In this case, you need to use the
program product COBOL Report Writer Precompiler. For more detail, see
Chapter 4, “Conversion Aids” on page 29.
 Copyright IBM Corp. 1997
35
•
ISAM function was removed
ISAM handling statements must be converted to VSAM KSDS/ESDS.
CCCA supports this conversion for source code. The file must be
converted to KSDS/ESDS.
•
DAM function was removed
DAM handling statements must be converted to VSAM RRDS. CCCA
supports this conversion for source code. The file must be converted to
RRDS.
•
Some statements were removed
The EXAMINE and TRANSFORM statements to handle character strings
were removed and integrated into a new statement INSPECT.
The EXHIBIT statement to display data value was removed. It must be
converted to a DISPLAY statement which has a different syntax rule.
•
Combined Abbreviated Relational condition was changed
Combined relation using NOT and abbreviated condition causes different
result.
•
Reserved word list change
COBOL reserved words cannot be used for identifiers. Therefore, some
variable names must be changed.
•
Others not listed here
2. Other Differences
After the above modifications, your source code is now LANGLVL(2). There
are more differences between LANGLVL(2) and COBOL/VSE. Please see the
next section, ″Difference from DOS/VS COBOL Using LANGLVL(2)″.
This does not mean the conversion from LANGLVL(1) takes two steps. You
can migrate a program with LANGLVL(1) or (2) in one step using CCCA.
5.2
Differences from DOS/VS COBOL Using LANGLVL(2)
1. Difference from COBOL 74 Standard - general enhancement
•
ALPHABETIC class was changed to contain lower-case
•
FILE STATUS code was changed
FILE STATUS code returns more detail codes. In addition, we can use
another status key for a VSAM file.
•
Reserved word change
COBOL reserved words cannot be used for identifiers. Therefore, some
variable names must be changed.
•
Others not listed here
2. Difference from COBOL 74 standard -- avoiding unexpected result
In some cases, dynamic change of control variables during execution causes
unexpected results decreasing the stability of structured code. Therefore, in
COBOL 85, dynamic evaluation of control variables was minimized.
36
Migration to COBOL/VSE
•
PERFORM ..VARYING/AFTER control
•
UNSTRING subscript evaluation
•
STOP RUN and GOBACK
In a COBOL/VSE (and VS COBOL II) subprogram you can end a
subprogram with STOP RUN to terminate the run unit. If you use the
run-time option RTEREUS you have to change the STOP RUN statements
to GOBACK statements. In DOS/VS COBOL, when a GOBACK or EXIT
PROGRAM statement is executed within a PERFORM structure, the
PERFORM remains in its uncompleted state. In COBOL/VSE (and
VS/COBOL II), however, the end of the PERFORM range is considered to
have been reached.
3. Difference from COBOL 74 standard -- performance improvement
The SEARCH statement requires good performance and also consumes
many general registers, so the coding syntax became stricter.
•
SEARCH statement change
Table value must appear on the left side in a WHEN comparison
•
SEARCH or SEARCH ALL .. WHEN with no imperative
4. Device independence
This change is not a COBOL standard change but an improvement in the
device independence of the COBOL language.
•
ASSIGN clause change
COBOL/VSE supports only the restricted formats of the Assignment
name.
5. SORT enhancement
This change is not a COBOL standard change but an improvement in SORT.
•
SORT special register was changed
•
SORT-OPTION IS clause was replaced by SORT-CORE-SIZE and
SORT-MESSAGE registers
6. Syntax checking has become stricter to improve accuracy
This change is not a COBOL standard change but an improvement in
checking by the compiler. These changes are to improve the quality of the
program and avoid unexpected results. However, from the customer
viewpoint, the compiler might show errors on some programs. These
problems can be solved by recompilation after small modifications.
•
Paragraph with no period is checked as error
•
Occurs depending on .. clause syntax
•
Unstring statement syntax
•
Others not listed here
5.3 Differences from VS COBOL II Using CMPR2
If your VS COBOL II source programs were compiled with the CMPR2 compiler
option, the source programs are COBOL 74 standard level. The difference is
described in the manual VS COBOL II Migration Guide , Appendix C, CMPR2 to
NOCMPR2 language difference.
1. Difference from COBOL 74 Standard
Chapter 5. Significant Differences between Old COBOL and COBOL/VSE
37
In general, the differences between CMPR2 and NOCMPR2 are contained
in the differences from DOS/VS COBOL LANGLVL(2). New items are as
follows:
−
BLOCK CONTAINS clause for SAM ESDS
−
CALL.. ON OVERFLOW
−
COPY..REPLACING using non-COBOL characters
Replacing of non-COBOL characters raises an E-level message.
Lower case characters and colon(:) became COBOL characters.
−
comparison between scaled integers and non-numerics
Integer value with ″P″ attribute (for example, PIC 999PP) is now
treated as a character string without P digits in comparison with
characters.
−
handling of unavailable SAM files
−
IMPLICIT EXIT PROGRAM
−
PERFORM RETURN mechanism
This is also to avoid unexpected results after a subroutine terminated
in pending status.
−
PICTURE clause with ′ A′s and ′ B′ s
′ A′ ′ B′ data was ALPHABETIC class in CMPR2, now it is
ALPHANUMERIC-EDITED. So, the String statement cannot be used
for it.
−
reserved word list change
COBOL reserved words cannot be used for identifiers. Therefore,
some variable names must be changed.
−
SET ... TO TRUE
5.4 Differences from VS COBOL II Using NOCMPR2
1. If your VS COBOL II source programs were compiled with the NOCMPR2
compiler option (COBOL 85 Standard), in general they will be able to be
compiled by COBOL/VSE without change. The only differences are the
following four points:
•
REPLACE and Comment lines
Blank or comment lines will not appear in the output of the REPLACE
statements.
•
Precedence of USE procedure
In VS COBOL II, a file-specific USE procedure always takes precedence
over a mode-specific USE procedure. In COBOL/VSE, USE procedure
precedence is based on a program-by-program level.
•
Reference Modification of a Variable-Length Group
In VS COBOL II R3.2 or older version, if the length of an ODO (Occurs
Depending On) object is not specified, the actual length is used. in
COBOL/VSE and VS COBOL II R4, the maximum length is used.
•
38
Migration to COBOL/VSE
Reserved Words List change
FUNCTION, PROCEDURE-POINTER were added to the reserved word list
and now cannot be used for identifiers.
5.5 Incompatibilities that Frequently Happen
When we estimate total migration workload, the analysis of frequency of each
problem is very important. The frequency depends on each customer′ s
application environment. Therefore, analysis of actual frequency of problems is
essential.
According to some experiences, actual frequency of the problems is very small,
although there are many incompatible points in the quick reference list.
In general, we can say as follows:
1. COBOL 68 level commands are less frequently used.
2. Old commands are less frequently used.
Some old commands are not described even in the manual for DOS/VS
COBOL R3.1. Such commands seem to be kept for compatibility for very old
COBOL languages so we can assume they are less frequent.
•
NOTES statement
•
ON statement
3. Old commands which depend on old environment are less frequent.
The operating environment changes more rapidly than the languages. The
language elements which have a strong relationship with the old
environment cannot be kept so long.
•
UPSI switch function
4. Some incompatibilities were caused by rarely used data attributes
These problems are only in programs which use these data attributes.
•
Scaled integer (PIC 999PP) causes incompatibility when it is used for
comparison, MOVE to alphabetic characters.
•
Picture ″ B″ attribute causes many incompatibilities when it is used for
CALL/CANCEL identifier and initialized.
5. Some incompatibilities happen only in very complicated usage of not
so frequently used statements/data.
These cases happen less frequently:
•
UNSTRING statement subscript evaluation change
•
PERFORM statement changes in VARYING/AFTER
•
OCCURS DEPENDING ON value for receiving items
5.6 Incompatibilities that Cause More Impact
This study is to estimate the impact of each incompatibility from the following
aspects.
•
If no compile error occurs, can we accept the different result?
•
If a compile error occurs, can we omit the statement? or can we say the
modification effort is very small?
Chapter 5. Significant Differences between Old COBOL and COBOL/VSE
39
1. Less frequently used statements will not cause a large impact.
2. The removal of restrictions does not cause any impact.
•
APPLY WRITE ONLY... Usage restriction was removed
•
SERVICE RELOAD .... became not necessary, only treated as a comment.
3. Debug purpose statements will not cause a large impact.
Debugging statements should be removed in the production environment or
just used for reference.
•
TRACE or NOTRACE
•
WHEN-COMPILED special register format change
4. The changes to make the result more accurate will not cause a large impact.
•
arithmetic statement changes
This change causes the improvement of precision for floating point
calculation.
•
subscripts out of range .. flagged at compile time
•
ON SIZE ERROR ...... changes in intermediate result
This error condition was caused when intermediate results overflowed.
In COBOL/VSE, this error is checked only for the final result.
−
DIVIDE
−
MULTIPLY .. ON SIZE ERROR
.. ON SIZE ERROR
•
implicit EXIT PROGRAM
•
File Status change
Most of the new status keys indicate the status which caused an ABEND
in the old COBOL (COBOL 74 and before). So we can say this change is
a new chance for us to understand the system status in more detail.
5. Some changes only to the compiler′ s internal logic can be ignored.
•
Unstring statement in Program Collating Sequence
•
String statement in Program Collating Sequence
•
Inspect statement in Program Collating Sequence
6. Some changes were made only to check compile errors more strictly.
This kind of problem can be solved by small modifications and recompilation.
•
non-unique Program-ID names
•
paragraph period missing
•
UNSTRING syntax check
5.7 Incompatibilities that are Easy/Difficult to Find
How can we find the incompatible points in application libraries?
1. Some points are easily checked by keyword scanning.
If you want to estimate the migration effort without using a lot of CPU
resources, keyword scanning is a practical way.
40
Migration to COBOL/VSE
•
Reserved keywords change
•
Obsolete commands
2. Some points are easily checked by compile error.
The compiler can find most of the problems. If you use the FLAGMIG
compiler option of DOS/VS COBOL or the MIGR compile option of
COBOL/VSE, you can get the flag message for migration.
3. Some points cannot be found unless statement analysis is done.
•
PERFORM statement change in the VARYING/AFTER
•
UNSTRING ...subscript evaluation change
4. Some points cannot be found unless data and statement analysis are done.
•
CALL identifier statement B symbol in PICTURE clause
5.8 Incompatibilities that are Easy/Difficult to Modify
This section describes how to find the most difficult points in your application
environment.
If you use CCCA (COBOL and CICS Command Level Conversion Aid), most
syntax changes are supported. Some incompatible points are not supported by
CCCA. Some incompatible points are supported by CCCA only for FLAG
(checking). So, you must check and modify these flagged points manually.
(This information is based on the manual COBOL and CICS Command Level
Conversion Aid for VSE, Appendix B. Converted COBOL Language Elements.)
1. Changes which are automatically converted by CCCA
The following items are already covered by the CCCA conversion aid. If you
have to convert them without CCCA it will be very difficult work.
•
EXAMINE statement
•
TRANSFORM statement
•
EXHIBIT statement
•
CURRENT-DATE register
•
TIME-OF-DAY register
•
WHEN-COMPILED register
•
reserved word list change
•
and others
2. Changes which are only indicated by CCCA
The following items can be found by CCCA. However, the solution can not be
decided automatically. So, you must check them and modify them manually.
•
CURRENCY SIGN .. if not valid, you must specify another character.
•
CALL ON OVERFLOW
•
CALL USING
•
COPY REPLACING
•
DIVIDE ON SIZE ERROR
•
MULTIPLY ON SIZE ERROR
Chapter 5. Significant Differences between Old COBOL and COBOL/VSE
41
•
NSTD-REELS special register
•
FILE STATUS value checking
•
PERFORM VARYING AFTER
•
PICTURE clause scaled integers(P)
•
REDEFINE clause for table
•
REPLACE statement
•
REPORTWRITER related statements
The aid Report Writer Precompiler can convert these statements.
•
SEARCH ALL
•
STRING statement
•
UNSTRING statement
•
OCCURS syntax error
•
INDEX NAME (qualified)
•
COM-REG use
3. Changes which are not supported by CCCA
42
Migration to COBOL/VSE
•
APPLY WRITE ONLY clause restriction removed
•
arithmetic statement changes
•
COPY statement changes 68 standard
•
MOVE statement binary value vs display value
•
NUMERIC class tests for group items
•
OCCURS DEPENDING ON ASCENDING/DESCENDING option
•
OPEN statement failing for VSAM files (file status 39)
•
OPEN statement failing for SAM files (file status 39)
•
READ statement redefined record keys in the KEY phrase
•
READ and RETURN statement changes INTO phrase
•
RECORD CONTAINS n CHARACTERS INTO phrase
•
READ and RETURN statement changes INTO phrase
•
RENAMES clause nonunique, nonqualified data names
•
RERUN clause changes
•
SEARCH or SEARCH ALL ..WHEN with no imperative
•
Segmentation changes..PERFORM statement in independent segments
•
SERVICE RELOAD
•
SORT special registers
•
SORT-OPTION clause
•
subscript out of range check
5.9 List of Incompatibilities from Old COBOLs to COBOL/VSE
The following table is a summary of incompatibilities between old COBOLs and
COBOL/VSE.
1. Category column(*)
•
68 means only DOS/VS COBOL LANGLVL(1)
•
74 means only DOS/VS COBOL LANGLVL(2) or VS COBOL II CMPR2
•
DOS means only DOS/VS COBOL
•
OLD means only DOS/VS COBOL and VS COBOL II CMPR2
•
NOC means only VS COBOL II NOCMPR2
•
ALL means it is applicable for all language levels
2. Frequency column means the frequency level of the difference in the general
environment.
L/M/H stand for Low, Medium and High frequency.
LL stands for very Low frequency.
3. IMPACT column means the impact level when the differences remain
unchanged.
L/M/H stand for Low, Medium and High impact.
LL stands for very Low impact.
4. CCCA support means the support level of the CCCA migration aid.(*)
C=converted R=removed F=flagged W=warning N=no support
5. Difficulty of manual check means the difficulty of manual check without
CCCA.
E/L/M/H stand for Error when compile Low, Medium and High difficulty
6. Difficulty of manual modify means the difficulty of manual modification after
the use of CCCA.
-/L/M/H stand for - No, Low, Medium and High difficulty.
Notes (*): The Category and CCCA support columns are based on the CCCA
manual.
difficulty of
manual
modify
difficulty of
manual check
IMPACT
CCCA
support level
Frequency
Incompatible
point name
CATEGORY
Table 5 (Page 1 of 4). List of Incompatibilities
ALPHABETIC class changes
OLD
L
L
C
L
-
ALPHABET clause change
DOS
L
E
C
E
-
APPLY WRITE ONLY restriction removed
68
LL
LL
N
L
-
arithmetic statement change
68
LL
LL
N
M
-
ASSIGN TO integer system-name
DOS
L
L
C
E
-
ASSIGN .. FOR MULTIPLE REEL/UNIT
DOS
L
LL
C
E
-
ASSIGN clause changes - assign name forms
DOS
M
L
C
E
-
Chapter 5. Significant Differences between Old COBOL and COBOL/VSE
43
difficulty of
manual
modify
difficulty of
manual check
CCCA
support level
IMPACT
Frequency
Incompatible
point name
CATEGORY
Table 5 (Page 2 of 4). List of Incompatibilities
B symbol in PICTURE clause -changes in evaluation
OLD
LL
L
F
E
M
BLANK WHEN ZERO clause and asterisk replace
DOS
LL
L
C
E
M
BLOCK CONTAINS clause for SAM ESDS
OLD
L
LL
C
L
-
CALL identifier statement B symbol in PICTURE
clause
OLD
LL
L
F
E
M
CALL statement changes -- procedure names and
file names in USING
DOS
LL
M
F
E
M
CALL .. ON OVERFLOW
74
L
LL
F
L
-
CANCEL statement B symbol in PICTURE clause
74
LL
L
F
E
M
combined abbreviated relation condition changes
68
LL
M
CF
M
M
COM-REG special register
68
LL
L
F
E
M
comparison between scaled integers and
nonnumerics
74
LL
L
F
M
M
COPY statement changes from 68 standard
68
LL
L
C
E
-
COPY ..REPLACING
74
LL
L
F
L
M
CURRENCY SIGN clause change
68
LL
L
F
E
L
CURRENT-DATE special register
68
LL
M
C
E
-
DAM file handling
DOS
L
L
C
E
M
DIVIDE ..ON SIZE ERROR change
OLD
L
LL
F
L
-
EXAMINE statement
68
LL
M
C
E
-
EXHIBIT statement
68
LL
M
C
E
-
EXIT PROGRAM/GOBACK
OLD
L
L
C
L
M
FILE-LIMIT clause of the FILE-CONTROL
DOS
LL
L
C
E
-
FILE STATUS code change
74
M
L
F
M
L
GIVING option of USE AFTER STANDARD ERROR
DOS
L
L
C
E
M
handling of unavailable SAM files
74
L
L
N
L
M
IF..OTHERWISE statement
DOS
L
M
C
E
-
implicit EXIT PROGRAM
OLD
L
LL
N
L
-
index names
DOS
L
L
C
E
L
INITIALIZE..replacing changes in evaluation
DOS
LL
L
F
L
M
ISAM file handling
DOS
L
L
C
E
M
INSPECT statement in PROGRAM collating
sequence?
OLD
M
LL
F
L
-
JUSTIFIED clause change
68
LL
L
C
L
-
LABEL RECORD is data-name in non-sequential files
OLD
L
L
C
L
-
MOVE statement -binary value vs display value
DOS
L
L
N
L
M
MOVE statements and comparisons- scaled integer
68
LL
L
F
L
M
44
Migration to COBOL/VSE
difficulty of
manual
modify
difficulty of
manual check
CCCA
support level
IMPACT
Frequency
Incompatible
point name
CATEGORY
Table 5 (Page 3 of 4). List of Incompatibilities
MOVE CORRESPONDING statement
68
LL
L
C
E
-
MULTIPLY ON SIZE ERROR change in intermediate
results
OLD
L
LL
F
L
M
non-unique program-ID names
DOS
LL
M
C
E
-
NOTE statement
DOS
LL
M
C
E
-
NSTD-REELS special register
DOS
LL
L
F
E
M
NUMERIC class tests for group items
DOS
L
M
N
L
M
OCCURS clause
DOS
LL
L
F
E
L
OCCURS DEPENDING ON ASCENDING/DESCENDING
KEY option
DOS
LL
L
N
E
M
OCCURS DEPENDING ON value for receiving items
changed
OLD
LL
L
C
M
M
OCCURS DEPENDING ON reference modification
NOC
LL
L
C
M
-
ON statement
DOS
LL
L
C
E
-
OPEN statement failing for VSAM files
DOS
L
L
N
L
L
OPEN statement failing for SAM files
DOS
L
L
N
L
L
PERFORM RETURN mechanism
74
LL
LL
F
M
M
PERFORM statement changes in the
VARYING/AFTER
74
LL
L
F
M
M
periods on paragraph missing
DOS
LL
M
C
E
-
READ statement redefined record keys in the KEY
phrase
DOS
LL
L
N
E
M
READ and RETURN statement changes .. INTO
options
DOS
L
LL
N
M
M
READY TRACE and RESET TRACE statement
DOS
L
LL
C
E
M
RECORD CONTAINS n CHARACTERS
OLD
L
L
N
L
L
REDEFINES clause in SD or FD entries
DOS
L
LL
C
E
-
REDEFINE clause with tables
DOS
L
L
N
E
M
relation conditions
68
LL
L
C
E
-
REMARKS paragraph
68
LL
LL
C
E
-
RENAMES clause nonunique, nonqualified data
names
DOS
L
L
N
E
L
REPLACE and comment lines
NOC
L
LL
F
M
-
Report Writer
68
LL
M
F
E
H *1
RERUN clause change
DOS
L
L
N
L
L
RESERVE clause change
DOS
L
L
C
L
-
reserved word list change
ALL
L
L
C
E
-
SEARCH statement changes
DOS
L
L
C
E
-
Chapter 5. Significant Differences between Old COBOL and COBOL/VSE
45
difficulty of
manual
modify
difficulty of
manual check
IMPACT
CCCA
support level
Frequency
Incompatible
point name
CATEGORY
Table 5 (Page 4 of 4). List of Incompatibilities
SEARCH or SEARCH ALL..WHEN with no imperative
DOS
L
L
N
E
M
segmentation changes ..PERFORM statement in
independent segments
DOS
L
L
N
L
M
SELECT OPTIONAL clause changes
68
LL
L
C
L
L
SERVICE RELOAD
DOS
L
LL
C
L
-
SORT special registers
DOS
L
L
N
L
L
SORT-OPTION IS clause
DOS
L
L
C
E
M
START..USING KEY statement
DOS
L
L
C
E
-
STRING statement in PROGRAM COLLATING
SEQUENCE clause
74
L
LL
C
L
-
subscripts out of range -- flagged at compile time
DOS
LL
LL
N
E
-
THEN as a statement connector
DOS
L
L
C
E
-
TIME-OF-DAY special register
68
LL
L
C
E
-
TRANSFORM statement
68
LL
L
C
E
-
UNSTRING statement in PROGRAM-COLLATING
SEQUENCE
74
L
LL
F
L
-
UNSTRING statement coding with OR/IS
74
LL
L
C
E
-
UNSTRING statements subscript evaluation changes
74
LL
L
F
L
M
UPSI switches
OLD
LL
L
CF
E
M
USE procedures
NOC
L
L
F
L
L
USE BEFORE STANDARD LABEL statement
DOS
L
L
C
E
-
VALUE clause signed value in relation to the
PICTURE clause
DOS
LL
LL
C
E
-
VALUE clause condition names
DOS
L
LL
C
E
-
WHEN-COMPILED special register
DOS
L
LL
C
L
-
WRITE AFTER POSITIONING
68
LL
L
C
E
-
NOTE. *1 If the Report Writer Precompiler was used, this conversion is
automatically done.
46
Migration to COBOL/VSE
Chapter 6. CCCA/VSE
6.1 Introduction to CCCA/VSE
This section summarizes:
•
What CCCA/VSE does
•
How CCCA/VSE works
•
LCP (Language Conversion Program)
6.1.1 What CCCA/VSE Does
CCCA/VSE converts old COBOL source and copy modules to the new COBOL
standard. This tool shortens the COBOL migration and eases the upgrade to
new COBOL technology.
CCCA/VSE helps you convert COBOL source from:
Source Language
Release
Program Number
DOS/VS COBOL
3
5746-CB1
OS/VS COBOL
2
5740-CB1
VS COBOL II
1,1.1,2,3,3.1,3.2
5668-958
ANSI 85 Target Language
Release
Program Number
VS COBOL II
3 or later
5668-958
COBOL/VSE
1 or later
5686-068
to:
The following are the key CCCA facilities:
 Copyright IBM Corp. 1997
•
Conversion of most syntax differences between DOS/VS COBOL and VS
COBOL II programs and COBOL/VSE programs.
•
Elimination of conflicts between DOS/VS COBOL and VS COBOL II
user-defined names and COBOL/VSE reserved words.
•
Flagging of language elements that cannot be directly converted.
•
Statement-by-statement diagnostic listing.
•
Conversion management information, including where-used reports for COPY
books and files.
•
Conversion of EXEC CICS commands.
•
Removal and/or conversion of the Base Locator for Linkage Section (BLL)
mechanism and references.
47
6.1.2 How CCCA/VSE Works
CCCA/VSE is a combination of CICS application and batch application. You use
CCCA/VSE online CICS panels to:
•
Define the type of conversion you want
•
Submit a batch job to convert your programs
The conversion consists of three phases:
Phase 1: Analyze input source
•
Translates the original source program into a set of character strings known
as tokenized source
•
Extracts copy members from the appropriate copy libraries
•
For each item in the tokenized source, identifies whether conversion is
required, and if so, which LCP (Language Conversion Program) to use
Phase 2: Create change requests
For each item that needs converting, phase 2:
•
Loads an LCP
•
Runs the LCP
•
Generates change requests
Phase 3: Apply changes and generate output
•
Applies the change requests from phase 2, creating new source programs
and, if required, new copy members
•
Generates the diagnostic listing
6.1.3 LCP (Language Conversion Program)
The LCPs are written in a COBOL-like language used to describe the process of
converting the differences between the old COBOL language, and the new
COBOL language. A set of LCP modules describing how each old COBOL
language element is to be converted into the new COBOL language is provided
with this tool. The set also provides CICS command level-related statements
conversion. The basic set enables users to convert most differences, and can be
very easily customized for specific conversion requirements.
By adding new LCPs, the user can:
•
Change COBOL source syntax.
•
Add, replace or remove a word, clause or statement.
•
Indicate where the new generated COBOL source needs to be reviewed for
possible manual action.
For details of how to customize CCCA/VSE and LCP, please refer to Chapter 6,
′Customizing CCCA/VSE′ and Chapter 7, ′Developing Language Conversion
Programs′ in the COBOL and CICS Command Level Conversion Aid for VSE
Installation and User ′ s Guide .
48
Migration to COBOL/VSE
6.2 Installation of CCCA/VSE
This section describes:
•
Software requirements for CCCA/VSE
•
Installing CCCA/VSE
•
What to do if there are problems
6.2.1 Software Requirements for CCCA/VSE
The software requirements for using CCCA/VSE are:
•
VSE/ESA 1.2 and subsequent releases
•
VS COBOL II Library 1.3 or later, or LE/VSE V1
•
A SORT program capable of being used with the COBOL SORT verb
•
VS COBOL II Compiler 1.3 or later, or COBOL/VSE V1
•
DL/I or SQL/DS for preprocessing if you have DL/I or SQL/DS programs
6.2.2 Installing CCCA/VSE
For details on installation of CCCA/VSE, please refer to ′Program Directory for
COBOL and CICS Command Level Conversion Aid for VSE′.
6.2.3 What to Do If There are Problems
•
1QC3I - MEMBER ABJPPARM.P NOT FOUND ...
Please make sure you have run sample job ABJSLI with return code zero.
Make sure you have ABJPPARM.P in your CCCA/VSE library. If the problem
still exists, please check whether your CCCA/VSE library is in the search
chain of the POWER partition.
•
DFH0951 - OPEN OF FILE ABJxxxx FAILED. JCL NOT AVAILABLE.
Please make sure you have DLBL definitions in your CICS startup job and
the file definition in your FCT. If the problem still exists, please move those
DLBL statements close to the EXEC DFHSIP statement in your CICS startup
job.
6.3 CCCA/VSE Conversion Examples
This section gives you three CCCA/VSE conversion examples:
•
ABJIVP01 - batch DOS/VS COBOL
•
ABJIVP02 - batch DOS/VS COBOL with copy members
•
ABJIVP03 - DOS/VS COBOL, CICS, with copy members and BLL cells in the
Linkage Section
The source programs are in your CCCA/VSE library (the default is ABJ.PR$18W)
with member type .C.
The converted programs are produced with the same name as the source
program but in a different VSE library, which is specified by the user when doing
CCCA/VSE conversion. The source programs remain unchanged.
Chapter 6. CCCA/VSE
49
The CCCA/VSE Diagnostic Reports are produced in the LST queue. As well as
the report, CCCA/VSE creates conversion management reports which:
•
produce cross-references between converted programs and files defined in
the program (CCCA/VSE Converter Menu, Option 3 and 4)
•
produce cross-references between converted programs and COPY modules
(CCCA/VSE Converter Menu, Option 5 and 6)
•
produce cross-references between converted programs and CALLed
programs (CCCA/VSE Converter Menu, Option 7 and 8)
•
produce status of conversion for all converted program runs (CCCA/VSE
Converter Menu, Option L)
The conversion step received a Return Code of 8 requiring a manual update of
the program, and consequently no compilation or linkage edit action as taken.
Refer to the diagnostic report for an explanation of the actions taken by the
conversion program CCCA/VSE.
50
Migration to COBOL/VSE
6.3.1 ABJIVP01 - Batch COBOL Program
6.3.1.1 Input Source Program
000100
000200
000300
000400
000500
000600
000700
000800
000900
001000
001300
001400
001500
001600
001700
001800
001900
002000
002100
002200
002300
002400
002500
002600
002700
002800
002900
003000
003100
003200
003300
003400
003500
003600
003700
003800
003900
004100
004200
004300
004400
004500
004600
004700
004800
004900
005400
005500
005600
005700
IDENTIFICATION DIVISION.
PROGRAM-ID. ABJIVP01.
REMARKS.
1
THIS PROGRAM IS BEING WRITTEN TO TEST THE PROPER CONVERSION
FROM OS/VS COBOL SOURCE LANGUAGE TO IBM SOURCE LANGUAGE.
AUTHOR. XXXXXX.
2
DATE-WRITTEN. JANUARY 24, 1983.
3
NOTE 1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
THE FOLLOWING AREAS ARE ADDRESSED
REMARKS
THEN
OTHERWISE
CURRENT-DATE
TIME-OF-DAY
NOTE
EXAMINE...TALLYING...REPLACING
JUSTIFIED.
DATE-COMPILED. TODAYS DATE.
5
EJECT
ENVIRONMENT DIVISION.
INPUT-OUTPUT SECTION.
FILE-CONTROL.
SELECT PRINT-FILE
ASSIGN TO UT-3330-S-DDPRINT.
DATA DIVISION.
FILE SECTION.
FD PRINT-FILE
RECORDING MODE IS F
6
LABEL RECORDS ARE STANDARD
DATA RECORD IS OUT-LINE.
01 OUT-LINE
PIC X(80).
WORKING-STORAGE SECTION.
7 8 9
77 MY-COUNTER
PIC 9(5) VALUE 0.
77 TRIPSWCH
PIC 9
VALUE 0.
77 PASSWCH
PIC 9
VALUE 0.
77 FAILSWCH
PIC 9
VALUE 1.
77 CURRFLAG
PIC 9
VALUE 0.
77 TOFDFLAG
PIC 9
VALUE 0.
77 I
PIC 9
VALUE 0.
77 DATE1
PIC X(8) VALUE SPACES.
77 DATE2
PIC X(8) VALUE SPACES.
77 DATE3
PIC X(8) VALUE SPACES.
77 TIME1
PIC X(6) VALUE SPACES.
77 TIME2
PIC X(6) VALUE SPACES.
77 TIME3
PIC X(6) VALUE SPACES.
01 ORIGINAL-NUMBER.
05 FILLER
PIC 9(18) VALUE 0.
05 FILLER
PIC 9(18) VALUE 0.
4
00010000
00020000
00030000
00040000
00050000
00060000
00070000
00080000
00090000
00100000
00110000
00120000
00130000
00140000
00150000
00160000
00170000
00180000
00190000
00200000
00210000
00220000
00230000
00240000
00250000
00260000
00270000
00280000
00290000
00300000
00310000
00320000
00330000
00340000
00350000
00360000
00370000
00380000
00390000
00400000
00410000
00420000
00430000
00440000
00450000
00460000
00470000
00480000
00490000
00500000
Figure 3 (Part 1 of 4). ABJIVP01 - Source Program
Chapter 6. CCCA/VSE
51
005800
005900
006000
006100
006200
006300
006400
006500
006600
006700
006800
006900
007000
007100
007200
007300
007900
008000
008100
008200
008300
008400
008500
008600
008700
008800
008900
009000
009100
009200
009300
009400
009500
009600
009700
009800
009900
010000
010100
010200
010300
010400
010500
010600
010700
010800
010900
011000
011100
011200
011300
05 FILLER
05 FILLER
PIC 9(18) VALUE 000000009099843576.
PIC 9(18) VALUE 121212121212121290.
01 THIS-DEF REDEFINES ORIGINAL-NUMBER.
03 A-NUMBER OCCURS 2 TIMES.
05 LINE1
PIC 9(18).
05 LINE2
PIC 9(18).
01 A-POEM.
03 LINE1.
05 FILLER
05 FILLER
03 LINE2.
05 FILLER
05 FILLER
PIC X(20) VALUE ″SUGAR IS SWEET AND S″ .
PIC X(20) VALUE ″O ARE YOU.
″.
01 FAIL1CON2.
03 FILLER
03 CPLACE
PIC XX
VALUE SPACES.
PIC X(20) VALUE SPACES.
01 FAIL2CON.
03 FILLER
03 FILLER
03 FILLER
03 FILLER
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
01 FAIL2CON2.
03 FILLER
03 DPLACE
PIC XX
VALUE SPACES.
PIC X(8) VALUE SPACES.
01 FAIL3CON.
03 FILLER
03 FILLER
03 FILLER
03 FILLER
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
01 FAIL3CON1.
03 FILLER
PIC X(20) VALUE ″BUT THEY ARE:
01 FAIL3CON2.
03 FILLER
03 TPLACE
PIC XX
VALUE SPACES.
PIC X(6) VALUE SPACES.
01 FAILCON.
03 FILLER
03 FILLER
PIC X(20) VALUE ″TEST CASE SAMPLE
PIC X(20) VALUE ″AILED.
F″ .
″.
01 SUCCESS.
03 FILLER
03 FILLER
PIC X(20) VALUE ″TEST CASE SAMPLE
PIC X(20) VALUE ″S SUCCESSFUL.
I″ .
″.
PIC X(20) VALUE ″ROSES ARE RED VIOLET″ .
PIC X(20) VALUE ″S ARE BLUE,
″.
X(20)
X(20)
X(20)
X(20)
X(20)
X(20)
X(20)
X(20)
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
Figure 3 (Part 2 of 4). ABJIVP01 - Source Program
52
Migration to COBOL/VSE
″ALL THREE READINGS O″ .
″F ′ CURRENT-DATE′ SHO″ .
″ULD BE THE SAME, BUT″ .
″ THEY ARE:
″.
″THE THREE READINGS O″ .
″F ′ TIME-OF-DAY′ SHOU″ .
″LD BE EQUAL OR IN AS″ .
″CENDING ORDER,
″.
″.
00510000
00520000
00530000
00540000
00550000
00560000
00570000
00580000
00590000
00600000
00610000
00620000
00630000
00640000
00650000
00660000
00670000
00680000
00690000
00700000
00710000
00720000
00730000
00740000
00750000
00760000
00770000
00780000
00790000
00800000
00810000
00820000
00830000
00840000
00850000
00860000
00870000
00880000
00890000
00900000
00910000
00920000
00930000
00940000
00950000
00960000
00970000
00980000
00990000
01000000
01010000
011400
011500
011600
011700
011800
011900
012000
012500
012700
012800
014000
014100
014200
014300
014400
014500
014600
014700
014800
014900
015000
015100
015200
015300
015400
015500
015600
015700
015800
015900
016000
016100
016200
016300
016400
016500
016600
016700
016800
016900
017000
017100
017200
017300
017400
017500
017600
017700
017800
017900
018000
EJECT
PROCEDURE DIVISION.
THIS-IS-A SECTION.
START-HERE.
MOVE TIME-OF-DAY TO TIME1
OPEN OUTPUT PRINT-FILE
MOVE CURRENT-DATE TO DATE1
MOVE CURRENT-DATE TO DATE2
MOVE CURRENT-DATE TO DATE3.
10
11
12
13
MOVE TIME-OF-DAY TO TIME2.
14
IF DATE1 EQUAL DATE2 AND EQUAL DATE3 THEN
NEXT SENTENCE
OTHERWISE
15
MOVE FAILSWCH TO TRIPSWCH
MOVE DATE1 TO DPLACE
WRITE OUT-LINE FROM FAIL2CON
WRITE OUT-LINE FROM FAIL2CON2
MOVE DATE2 TO DPLACE
WRITE OUT-LINE FROM FAIL2CON2
MOVE DATE3 TO DPLACE
WRITE OUT-LINE FROM FAIL2CON2.
MOVE TIME-OF-DAY TO TIME3.
16
IF (TIME1 LESS THAN TIME2 OR EQUAL TIME2) AND
(TIME2 LESS THAN TIME3 OR EQUAL TIME3) THEN
NEXT SENTENCE
OTHERWISE
17
MOVE FAILSWCH TO TRIPSWCH
MOVE TIME1 TO TPLACE
WRITE OUT-LINE FROM FAIL3CON
WRITE OUT-LINE FROM FAIL3CON1
WRITE OUT-LINE FROM FAIL3CON2
MOVE TIME2 TO TPLACE
WRITE OUT-LINE FROM FAIL3CON2
MOVE TIME3 TO TPLACE
WRITE OUT-LINE FROM FAIL3CON2.
AFTER-THOUGHT.
EXAMINE A-POEM TALLYING ALL SPACES REPLACING BY ″*″
MOVE TALLY TO MY-COUNTER
MOVE LINE1 OF A-POEM TO OUT-LINE WRITE OUT-LINE
MOVE LINE2 OF A-POEM TO OUT-LINE WRITE OUT-LINE
EXAMINE A-POEM TALLYING ALL ″*″ .
19
IF TALLY = MY-COUNTER
MOVE ″OK″ TO OUT-LINE WRITE OUT-LINE
OTHERWISE
20
MOVE ″BAH″ TO OUT-LINE WRITE OUT-LINE.
EXAMINE A-POEM TALLYING ALL ″E″
21
PERFORM THREE-LINES
EXAMINE A-POEM TALLYING UNTIL FIRST ″ . ″
22
PERFORM THREE-LINES
EXAMINE A-POEM TALLYING LEADING ″R″
23
01020000
01030000
01040000
01050000
01060000
01070000
01080000
01090000
01100000
01110000
01120000
01130000
01140000
01150000
01160000
01170000
01180000
01190000
01200000
01210000
01220000
01230000
01240000
01250000
01260000
01270000
01280000
01290000
01300000
01310000
01320000
01330000
01340000
01350000
01360000
01370000
01380000
1801390000
01400000
01410000
01420000
01430000
01440000
01450000
01460000
01470000
01480000
01490000
01500000
01510000
01520000
Figure 3 (Part 3 of 4). ABJIVP01 - Source Program
Chapter 6. CCCA/VSE
53
018100
PERFORM THREE-LINES
018200
MOVE 2 TO I
018300
EXAMINE A-NUMBER(I) TALLYING ALL 1
24
018400
PERFORM THREE-LINES
018500
EXAMINE A-NUMBER(I) TALLYING LEADING 0 REPLACING BY 2.
018600 THREE-LINES.
018700
ADD TALLY TO MY-COUNTER.
018800
MOVE TALLY TO OUT-LINE WRITE OUT-LINE
018900
MOVE MY-COUNTER TO OUT-LINE WRITE OUT-LINE.
019000 THE-END.
019100
IF TRIPSWCH EQUAL FAILSWCH OR MY-COUNTER NOT EQUAL 125
019200
WRITE OUT-LINE FROM FAILCON
019300
OTHERWISE
26
019400
WRITE OUT-LINE FROM SUCCESS.
019500
CLOSE PRINT-FILE.
019600
STOP RUN.
27
Figure 3 (Part 4 of 4). ABJIVP01 - Source Program
54
Migration to COBOL/VSE
01530000
01540000
01550000
01560000
2501570000
01580000
01590000
01600000
01610000
01620000
01630000
01640000
01650000
01660000
01670000
01680000
6.3.1.2 Output Program from CCCA/VSE Conversion
000010 IDENTIFICATION DIVISION.
000020 PROGRAM-ID. ABJIVP01.
000030*
PROGRAM CONVERTED BY
000040*
COBOL CONVERSION AID PO 5785-ABJ
000050*
CONVERSION DATE 02/05/97 10:12:10.
000060*REMARKS.
1
000070*
THIS PROGRAM IS BEING WRITTEN TO TEST THE PROPER CONVERSION
000080*
FROM OS/VS COBOL SOURCE LANGUAGE TO IBM SOURCE LANGUAGE.
000090*AUTHOR. XXXXXX.
2
000100*DATE-WRITTEN. JANUARY 24, 1983.
3
000110
000120*
NOTE - THE FOLLOWING AREAS ARE ADDRESSED
4
000130*
1 REMARKS
000140*
2 THEN
000150*
3 OTHERWISE
000160*
4 CURRENT-DATE
000170*
5 TIME-OF-DAY
000180*
6 NOTE
000190*
7 EXAMINE. TALLYING. REPLACING
000200*
8 JUSTIFIED.
000210
000220*DATE-COMPILED. TODAYS DATE.
5
000230 EJECT
000240 ENVIRONMENT DIVISION.
000250 INPUT-OUTPUT SECTION.
000260 FILE-CONTROL.
000270
SELECT PRINT-FILE
000280
ASSIGN TO UT-3330-S-DDPRINT.
000290 DATA DIVISION.
000300 FILE SECTION.
000310 FD PRINT-FILE
000320
.
6
000330 01 OUT-LINE
PIC X(80).
000340 WORKING-STORAGE SECTION.
000350 01 LCP-TIME-OF-DAY-68
PIC 9(6).
7
000360 01 LCP-TIME-OF-DAY-74.
8
000370
05 LCP-TIME-74
PIC 9(6).
000380
05 FILLER
PIC 9(2).
000390 01 LCP-CURRENT-DATE-68.
9
000400
05 LCP-MONTH
PIC X(2).
000410
05 FILLER
PIC X VALUE ″ / ″ .
000420
05 LCP-DAY1
PIC X(2).
000430
05 FILLER
PIC X VALUE ″ / ″ .
000440
05 LCP-YEAR
PIC X(2).
000450 01 LCP-DATE-NEW-74.
000460
05 LCP-YEAR
PIC X(2).
000470
05 LCP-MONTH
PIC X(2).
000480
05 LCP-DAY1
PIC X(2).
000490 77 MY-COUNTER
PIC 9(5) VALUE 0.
00010000
00020000
00030000
00040000
00050000
00060000
00070000
00080000
00090000
00100000
00110000
00120000
00130000
00140000
00150000
00160000
00170000
00180000
00190000
00200000
00210000
00220000
00230000
00240000
00250000
00260000
00270000
00280000
00300000
00320000
00330000
00340000
Figure 4 (Part 1 of 4). ABJIVP01 - Converted Program
Chapter 6. CCCA/VSE
55
000500
000510
000520
000530
000540
000550
000560
000570
000580
000590
000600
000610
000620
000630
001180
001190
001200
001210
001220
001230
001240
001250
001260
001270
001280
001290
001300
001310
001320
001330
001340
001350
001360
001370
001380
001390
001400
001410
001420
001430
001440
001450
001460
001470
001480
001490
001500
001510
77
77
77
77
77
77
77
77
77
77
77
77
TRIPSWCH
PASSWCH
FAILSWCH
CURRFLAG
TOFDFLAG
I
DATE1
DATE2
DATE3
TIME1
TIME2
TIME3
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
9
9
9
9
9
9
X(8)
X(8)
X(8)
X(6)
X(6)
X(6)
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
0.
0.
1.
0.
0.
0.
SPACES.
SPACES.
SPACES.
SPACES.
SPACES.
SPACES.
**** No changes - same as source *****
.
.
.
PROCEDURE DIVISION.
THIS-IS-A SECTION.
START-HERE.
ACCEPT LCP-TIME-OF-DAY-74 FROM TIME
10
MOVE LCP-TIME-74 TO LCP-TIME-OF-DAY-68
MOVE LCP-TIME-OF-DAY-68 TO TIME1
OPEN OUTPUT PRINT-FILE
ACCEPT LCP-DATE-NEW-74 FROM DATE
11
MOVE CORRESPONDING LCP-DATE-NEW-74 TO LCP-CURRENT-DATE-68
MOVE LCP-CURRENT-DATE-68 TO DATE1
ACCEPT LCP-DATE-NEW-74 FROM DATE
12
MOVE CORRESPONDING LCP-DATE-NEW-74 TO LCP-CURRENT-DATE-68
MOVE LCP-CURRENT-DATE-68 TO DATE2
ACCEPT LCP-DATE-NEW-74 FROM DATE
13
MOVE CORRESPONDING LCP-DATE-NEW-74 TO LCP-CURRENT-DATE-68
MOVE LCP-CURRENT-DATE-68 TO DATE3.
ACCEPT LCP-TIME-OF-DAY-74 FROM TIME
MOVE LCP-TIME-74 TO LCP-TIME-OF-DAY-68
MOVE LCP-TIME-OF-DAY-68 TO TIME2.
IF DATE1 EQUAL DATE2 AND EQUAL DATE3 THEN
NEXT SENTENCE
ELSE
15
MOVE FAILSWCH TO TRIPSWCH
MOVE DATE1 TO DPLACE
WRITE OUT-LINE FROM FAIL2CON
WRITE OUT-LINE FROM FAIL2CON2
MOVE DATE2 TO DPLACE
WRITE OUT-LINE FROM FAIL2CON2
MOVE DATE3 TO DPLACE
WRITE OUT-LINE FROM FAIL2CON2.
ACCEPT LCP-TIME-OF-DAY-74 FROM TIME
MOVE LCP-TIME-74 TO LCP-TIME-OF-DAY-68
MOVE LCP-TIME-OF-DAY-68 TO TIME3.
Figure 4 (Part 2 of 4). ABJIVP01 - Converted Program
56
Migration to COBOL/VSE
00350000
00360000
00370000
00380000
00390000
00400000
00410000
00420000
00430000
00440000
00450000
00460000
00470000
00480000
01030000
01040000
01050000
01060000
01070000
01080000
01090000
01100000
14
01110000
01120000
16
01130000
01140000
01150000
01160000
01170000
01180000
01190000
01200000
01210000
01220000
01230000
01240000
001520
IF (TIME1 LESS THAN TIME2 OR EQUAL TIME2) AND
001530
(TIME2 LESS THAN TIME3 OR EQUAL TIME3) THEN
001540
NEXT SENTENCE
001550
ELSE
17
001560
MOVE FAILSWCH TO TRIPSWCH
001570
MOVE TIME1 TO TPLACE
001580
WRITE OUT-LINE FROM FAIL3CON
001590
WRITE OUT-LINE FROM FAIL3CON1
001600
WRITE OUT-LINE FROM FAIL3CON2
001610
MOVE TIME2 TO TPLACE
001620
WRITE OUT-LINE FROM FAIL3CON2
001630
MOVE TIME3 TO TPLACE
001640
WRITE OUT-LINE FROM FAIL3CON2.
001650 AFTER-THOUGHT.
001660
MOVE ZERO TO TALLY
18
001670
INSPECT A-POEM TALLYING TALLY FOR ALL SPACES REPLACING ALL
001680
SPACES
BY ″*″
001690
MOVE TALLY TO MY-COUNTER
001700
MOVE LINE1 OF A-POEM TO OUT-LINE WRITE OUT-LINE
001710
MOVE LINE2 OF A-POEM TO OUT-LINE WRITE OUT-LINE
001720
MOVE ZERO TO TALLY
19
001730
INSPECT A-POEM TALLYING TALLY FOR ALL ″*″ .
001740
IF TALLY = MY-COUNTER
001750
MOVE ″OK″ TO OUT-LINE WRITE OUT-LINE
001760
ELSE
20
001770
MOVE ″BAH″ TO OUT-LINE WRITE OUT-LINE.
001780
MOVE ZERO TO TALLY
21
001790
INSPECT A-POEM TALLYING TALLY FOR ALL ″E″
001800
PERFORM THREE-LINES
001810
MOVE ZERO TO TALLY
22
001820
INSPECT A-POEM TALLYING TALLY FOR CHARACTERS BEFORE ″ . ″
001830
PERFORM THREE-LINES
001840
MOVE ZERO TO TALLY
23
001850
INSPECT A-POEM TALLYING TALLY FOR LEADING ″R″
001860
PERFORM THREE-LINES
001870
MOVE 2 TO I
001880
MOVE ZERO TO TALLY
24
001890
INSPECT A-NUMBER(I) TALLYING TALLY FOR ALL ″1″
001900
PERFORM THREE-LINES
001910
MOVE ZERO TO TALLY
25
001920
INSPECT A-NUMBER(I) TALLYING TALLY FOR LEADING ″0″ REPLACING
001930
LEADING ″0″ BY ″2″.
001940 THREE-LINES.
001950
ADD TALLY TO MY-COUNTER.
001960
MOVE TALLY TO OUT-LINE WRITE OUT-LINE
001970
MOVE MY-COUNTER TO OUT-LINE WRITE OUT-LINE.
001980 THE-END.
001990
IF TRIPSWCH EQUAL FAILSWCH OR MY-COUNTER NOT EQUAL 125
002000
WRITE OUT-LINE FROM FAILCON
002010
ELSE
26
002020
WRITE OUT-LINE FROM SUCCESS.
01250000
01260000
01270000
01280000
01290000
01300000
01310000
01320000
01330000
01340000
01350000
01360000
01370000
01380000
01390000
01400000
01410000
01420000
01430000
01440000
01450000
01460000
01470000
01480000
01490000
01500000
01510000
01520000
01530000
01540000
01550000
01560000
01570000
01580000
01590000
01600000
01610000
01620000
01630000
01640000
01650000
01660000
Figure 4 (Part 3 of 4). ABJIVP01 - Converted Program
Chapter 6. CCCA/VSE
57
002030
CLOSE PRINT-FILE.
002040
STOP RUN.
002050 END PROGRAM ABJIVP01.
01670000
01680000
27
Figure 4 (Part 4 of 4). ABJIVP01 - Converted Program
6.3.1.3 CCCA/VSE Diagnostic Report
5785-CCC R1.0
- IBM
COBOL CONVERSION AID SEQNBR-A 1 B.. ... 2 ... ... COBOL SOURCE STATEMENTS
SAMPLE RUN
ABJIVP01
05 FEB 1997 10:05:09 PAGE 1
... 6 ... ... 7 .IDENTFCN OLD/SQ S MSGID SEV --- D I A G N O S T I C S ---
000010 IDENTIFICATION DIVISION.
000020 PROGRAM-ID. ABJIVP01.
000030*
PROGRAM CONVERTED BY
000040*
COBOL CONVERSION AID PO 5785-ABJ
000050*
CONVERSION DATE 02/05/97 10:05:03.
*OLD** REMARKS.
1
000060*REMARKS.
*OLD**
THIS PROGRAM IS BEING WRITTEN TO TEST THE PROPER CONVERSION
000070*
THIS PROGRAM IS BEING WRITTEN TO TEST THE PROPER CONVERSION
*OLD**
FROM OS/VS COBOL SOURCE LANGUAGE TO IBM SOURCE LANGUAGE.
000080*
FROM OS/VS COBOL SOURCE LANGUAGE TO IBM SOURCE LANGUAGE.
*OLD** AUTHOR. XXXXXX.
2
000090*AUTHOR. XXXXXX.
*OLD** DATE-WRITTEN. JANUARY 24, 1983.
3
000100*DATE-WRITTEN. JANUARY 24, 1983.
000110
*OLD**
NOTE - THE FOLLOWING AREAS ARE ADDRESSED
4
000120*
NOTE - THE FOLLOWING AREAS ARE ADDRESSED
*OLD**
1 REMARKS
000130*
1 REMARKS
*OLD**
2 THEN
000140*
2 THEN
*OLD**
3 OTHERWISE
000150*
3 OTHERWISE
*OLD**
4 CURRENT-DATE
000160*
4 CURRENT-DATE
*OLD**
5 TIME-OF-DAY
000170*
5 TIME-OF-DAY
*OLD**
6 NOTE
000180*
6 NOTE
*OLD**
7 EXAMINE...TALLYING...REPLACING
000190*
7 EXAMINE. TALLYING. REPLACING
*OLD**
8 JUSTIFIED.
000200*
8 JUSTIFIED.
000210
*OLD** DATE-COMPILED. TODAYS DATE.
5
000220*DATE-COMPILED. TODAYS DATE.
000230 EJECT
000240 ENVIRONMENT DIVISION.
000250 INPUT-OUTPUT SECTION.
000260 FILE-CONTROL.
000270
SELECT PRINT-FILE
000280
ASSIGN TO UT-3330-S-DDPRINT.
000290 DATA DIVISION.
000300 FILE SECTION.
000310 FD PRINT-FILE
*OLD**
RECORDING MODE IS F
6
*OLD**
LABEL RECORDS ARE STANDARD
*OLD**
DATA RECORD IS OUT-LINE.
000320
.
000330 01 OUT-LINE
PIC X(80).
000340 WORKING-STORAGE SECTION.
000350 01 LCP-TIME-OF-DAY-68
PIC 9(6).
7
00010000 000100
00020000
00030000
00030000
00040000
00040000
00050000
00050000
00060000
00060000
00070000
00070000
00080000
00090000
00090000
00100000
00100000
00110000
00110000
00120000
00120000
00130000
00130000
00140000
00140000
00150000
00150000
00160000
00160000
00170000
00170000
00180000
00190000
00190000
00200000
00210000
00220000
00230000
00240000
00250000
00260000
00270000
00280000
00290000
00300000
00310000
00300000
00320000
00330000
Figure 5 (Part 1 of 6). ABJIVP01 - CCCA/VSE Diagnostics Report
58
Migration to COBOL/VSE
000200
000300
000300
000400
000400
000500
000500
000600
000600
000700
000700
000800
000900
000900
001000
001000
001300
001300
001400
001400
001500
001500
001600
001600
001700
001700
001800
001800
001900
001900
002000
002100
002100
002200
002300
002400
002500
002600
002700
002800
002900
003000
003100
003200
003300
003300
003400
ABJ6011 00 REMARKS CHANGED TO COMMENT
ABJ6181 00 OBSOLETE ELEMENT IS REMOVED
ABJ6181 00 OBSOLETE ELEMENT IS REMOVED
ABJ6022 00 NOTE CHANGED TO COMMENT
ABJ6181 00 OBSOLETE ELEMENT IS REMOVED
ABJ6119 00 RECORDING MODE CLAUSE REMOVED
ABJ6181 00 OBSOLETE ELEMENT IS REMOVED
ABJ6181 00 OBSOLETE ELEMENT IS REMOVED
ABJ6004 00 LCP-TIME-OF-DAY-68 GENERATED
IN WORKING-STORAGE
5785-CCC R1.0
- IBM
COBOL CONVERSION AID SEQNBR-A 1 B.. ... 2 ... ... COBOL SOURCE STATEMENTS
000360
000370
000380
000390
000400
000410
000420
000430
000440
000450
000460
000470
000480
000490
000500
000510
000520
000530
000540
000550
000560
000570
000580
000590
000600
000610
000620
000630
000640
000650
000660
000670
000680
000690
000700
000710
000720
000730
000740
000750
000760
000770
000780
000790
000800
000810
000820
000830
000840
000850
000860
000870
000880
01
01
01
77
77
77
77
77
77
77
77
77
77
77
77
77
01
LCP-TIME-OF-DAY-74.
05 LCP-TIME-74
05 FILLER
LCP-CURRENT-DATE-68.
05 LCP-MONTH
05 FILLER
05 LCP-DAY1
05 FILLER
05 LCP-YEAR
LCP-DATE-NEW-74.
05 LCP-YEAR
05 LCP-MONTH
05 LCP-DAY1
MY-COUNTER
PIC
TRIPSWCH
PIC
PASSWCH
PIC
FAILSWCH
PIC
CURRFLAG
PIC
TOFDFLAG
PIC
I
PIC
DATE1
PIC
DATE2
PIC
DATE3
PIC
TIME1
PIC
TIME2
PIC
TIME3
PIC
ORIGINAL-NUMBER.
05 FILLER
PIC
05 FILLER
PIC
05 FILLER
PIC
05 FILLER
PIC
SAMPLE RUN
ABJIVP01
05 FEB 1997 10:05:09 PAGE 2
... 6 ... ... 7 .IDENTFCN OLD/SQ S MSGID SEV --- D I A G N O S T I C S --8
9
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
9(5)
9
9
9
9
9
9
X(8)
X(8)
X(8)
X(6)
X(6)
X(6)
9(18)
9(18)
9(18)
9(18)
X(2).
X VALUE ″ / ″ .
X(2).
X VALUE ″ / ″ .
X(2).
PIC X(2).
PIC X(2).
PIC X(2).
VALUE 0.
VALUE 0.
VALUE 0.
VALUE 1.
VALUE 0.
VALUE 0.
VALUE 0.
VALUE SPACES.
VALUE SPACES.
VALUE SPACES.
VALUE SPACES.
VALUE SPACES.
VALUE SPACES.
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
0.
0.
000000009099843576.
121212121212121290.
01
THIS-DEF REDEFINES ORIGINAL-NUMBER.
03 A-NUMBER OCCURS 2 TIMES.
05 LINE1
PIC 9(18).
05 LINE2
PIC 9(18).
01
A-POEM.
03 LINE1.
05 FILLER
05 FILLER
03 LINE2.
05 FILLER
05 FILLER
PIC X(20) VALUE ″ SUGAR IS SWEET AND S″ .
PIC X(20) VALUE ″ O ARE YOU.
″.
FAIL1CON2.
03 FILLER
03 CPLACE
PIC XX
VALUE SPACES.
PIC X(20) VALUE SPACES.
FAIL2CON.
03 FILLER
PIC X(20) VALUE ″ ALL THREE READINGS O″ .
01
01
ABJ6002 00 LCP-CURRENT-DATE-68 GENERATED
IN WORKING-STORAGE
PIC 9(6).
PIC 9(2).
PIC X(20) VALUE ″ ROSES ARE RED VIOLET″ .
PIC X(20) VALUE ″ S ARE BLUE,
″.
00340000
00350000
00360000
00370000
00380000
00390000
00400000
00410000
00420000
00430000
00440000
00450000
00460000
00470000
00480000
00490000
00500000
00510000
00520000
00530000
00540000
00550000
00560000
00570000
00580000
00590000
00600000
00610000
00620000
00630000
00640000
00650000
00660000
00670000
00680000
00690000
00700000
00710000
00720000
00730000
003500
003600
003700
003800
003900
004100
004200
004300
004400
004500
004600
004700
004800
004900
005400
005500
005600
005700
005800
005900
006000
006100
006200
006300
006400
006500
006600
006700
006800
006900
007000
007100
007200
007300
007900
008000
008100
008200
008300
008400
008500
Figure 5 (Part 2 of 6). ABJIVP01 - CCCA/VSE Diagnostics Report
Chapter 6. CCCA/VSE
59
5785-CCC R1.0
- IBM
COBOL CONVERSION AID SEQNBR-A 1 B.. ... 2 ... ... COBOL SOURCE STATEMENTS
000890
000900
000910
000920
000930
000940
000950
000960
000970
000980
000990
001000
001010
001020
001030
001040
001050
001060
001070
001080
001090
001100
001110
001120
001130
001140
001150
001160
001170
001180
001190
001200
*OLD**
001210
001220
001230
03
03
03
01
FILLER
FILLER
FILLER
SAMPLE RUN
ABJIVP01
05 FEB 1997 10:05:09 PAGE 3
... 6 ... ... 7 .IDENTFCN OLD/SQ S MSGID SEV --- D I A G N O S T I C S ---
PIC X(20) VALUE ″ F ′ CURRENT-DATE′ SHO″ .
PIC X(20) VALUE ″ ULD BE THE SAME, BUT″ .
PIC X(20) VALUE ″ THEY ARE:
″.
FAIL2CON2.
03 FILLER
03 DPLACE
PIC XX
PIC X(8)
VALUE SPACES.
VALUE SPACES.
FAIL3CON.
03 FILLER
03 FILLER
03 FILLER
03 FILLER
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
01
FAIL3CON1.
03 FILLER
PIC X(20) VALUE ″ BUT THEY ARE:
01
FAIL3CON2.
03 FILLER
03 TPLACE
PIC XX
PIC X(6)
FAILCON.
03 FILLER
03 FILLER
PIC X(20) VALUE ″ TEST CASE SAMPLE
PIC X(20) VALUE ″ AILED.
01
01
01
X(20)
X(20)
X(20)
X(20)
″ THE THREE READINGS O″ .
″ F ′ TIME-OF-DAY′ SHOU″ .
″ LD BE EQUAL OR IN AS″ .
″ CENDING ORDER,
″.
″.
VALUE SPACES.
VALUE SPACES.
SUCCESS.
03 FILLER
PIC X(20) VALUE ″ TEST CASE SAMPLE
03 FILLER
PIC X(20) VALUE ″ S SUCCESSFUL.
EJECT
PROCEDURE DIVISION.
THIS-IS-A SECTION.
START-HERE.
MOVE TIME-OF-DAY TO TIME1
10
ACCEPT LCP-TIME-OF-DAY-74 FROM TIME
MOVE LCP-TIME-74 TO LCP-TIME-OF-DAY-68
MOVE LCP-TIME-OF-DAY-68 TO TIME1
F″ .
″.
I″ .
″.
00740000
00750000
00760000
00770000
00780000
00790000
00800000
00810000
00820000
00830000
00840000
00850000
00860000
00870000
00880000
00890000
00900000
00910000
00920000
00930000
00940000
00950000
00960000
00970000
00980000
00990000
01000000
01010000
01020000
01030000
01040000
01050000
01060000
01060000
008600
008700
008800
008900
009000
009100
009200
009300
009400
009500
009600
009700
009800
009900
010000
010100
010200
010300
010400
010500
010600
010700
010800
010900
011000
011100
011200
011300
011400
011500
011600
011700
011800
011800
001240
*OLD**
001250
001260
001270
OPEN OUTPUT PRINT-FILE
MOVE CURRENT-DATE TO DATE1
11
ACCEPT LCP-DATE-NEW-74 FROM DATE
MOVE CORRESPONDING LCP-DATE-NEW-74 TO LCP-CURRENT-DATE-68
MOVE LCP-CURRENT-DATE-68 TO DATE1
01070000 011900
01080000 012000
01080000
*OLD**
001280
001290
001300
MOVE CURRENT-DATE TO DATE2
12
ACCEPT LCP-DATE-NEW-74 FROM DATE
MOVE CORRESPONDING LCP-DATE-NEW-74 TO LCP-CURRENT-DATE-68
MOVE LCP-CURRENT-DATE-68 TO DATE2
01090000 012500
01090000
*OLD**
001310
001320
001330
MOVE CURRENT-DATE TO DATE3.
13
ACCEPT LCP-DATE-NEW-74 FROM DATE
MOVE CORRESPONDING LCP-DATE-NEW-74 TO LCP-CURRENT-DATE-68
MOVE LCP-CURRENT-DATE-68 TO DATE3.
01100000 012700
01100000
012000
012500
Figure 5 (Part 3 of 6). ABJIVP01 - CCCA/VSE Diagnostics Report
60
Migration to COBOL/VSE
012700
ABJ6005 00 NEW CODE GENERATED FOR
TIME-OF-DAY
ABJ6003 00 NEW CODE GENERATED FOR
CURRENT-DATE
ABJ6003 00 NEW CODE GENERATED FOR
CURRENT-DATE
ABJ6003 00 NEW CODE GENERATED FOR
CURRENT-DATE
5785-CCC R1.0
- IBM
COBOL CONVERSION AID SEQNBR-A 1 B.. ... 2 ... ... COBOL SOURCE STATEMENTS
001340
*OLD**
001350
001360
001370
MOVE TIME-OF-DAY TO TIME2.
14
ACCEPT LCP-TIME-OF-DAY-74 FROM TIME
MOVE LCP-TIME-74 TO LCP-TIME-OF-DAY-68
MOVE LCP-TIME-OF-DAY-68 TO TIME2.
001380
001390
*OLD**
001400
001410
001420
001430
001440
001450
001460
001470
001480
*OLD**
001490
001500
001510
IF DATE1 EQUAL DATE2 AND EQUAL DATE3 THEN
NEXT SENTENCE
OTHERWISE
15
ELSE
MOVE FAILSWCH TO TRIPSWCH
MOVE DATE1 TO DPLACE
WRITE OUT-LINE FROM FAIL2CON
WRITE OUT-LINE FROM FAIL2CON2
MOVE DATE2 TO DPLACE
WRITE OUT-LINE FROM FAIL2CON2
MOVE DATE3 TO DPLACE
WRITE OUT-LINE FROM FAIL2CON2.
MOVE TIME-OF-DAY TO TIME3.
16
ACCEPT LCP-TIME-OF-DAY-74 FROM TIME
MOVE LCP-TIME-74 TO LCP-TIME-OF-DAY-68
MOVE LCP-TIME-OF-DAY-68 TO TIME3.
SAMPLE RUN
ABJIVP01
05 FEB 1997 10:05:09 PAGE 4
... 6 ... ... 7 .IDENTFCN OLD/SQ S MSGID SEV --- D I A G N O S T I C S ---
001520
IF (TIME1 LESS THAN TIME2 OR EQUAL TIME2) AND
001530
(TIME2 LESS THAN TIME3 OR EQUAL TIME3) THEN
001540
NEXT SENTENCE
*OLD**
OTHERWISE
17
001550
ELSE
001560
MOVE FAILSWCH TO TRIPSWCH
001570
MOVE TIME1 TO TPLACE
001580
WRITE OUT-LINE FROM FAIL3CON
001590
WRITE OUT-LINE FROM FAIL3CON1
001600
WRITE OUT-LINE FROM FAIL3CON2
001610
MOVE TIME2 TO TPLACE
001620
WRITE OUT-LINE FROM FAIL3CON2
001630
MOVE TIME3 TO TPLACE
001640
WRITE OUT-LINE FROM FAIL3CON2.
001650 AFTER-THOUGHT.
*OLD**
EXAMINE A-POEM TALLYING ALL SPACES REPLACING BY ″ *″
18
001660
MOVE ZERO TO TALLY
001670
INSPECT A-POEM TALLYING TALLY FOR ALL SPACES REPLACING ALL
001680
SPACES
BY ″ *″
001690
MOVE TALLY TO MY-COUNTER
001700
MOVE LINE1 OF A-POEM TO OUT-LINE WRITE OUT-LINE
001710
MOVE LINE2 OF A-POEM TO OUT-LINE WRITE OUT-LINE
*OLD**
EXAMINE A-POEM TALLYING ALL ″ *″ .
19
001720
MOVE ZERO TO TALLY
001730
INSPECT A-POEM TALLYING TALLY FOR ALL ″ *″ .
001740
IF TALLY = MY-COUNTER
001750
MOVE ″ OK″ TO OUT-LINE WRITE OUT-LINE
*OLD**
OTHERWISE
20
001760
ELSE
001770
MOVE ″ BAH″ TO OUT-LINE WRITE OUT-LINE.
01110000 012800
01120000 014000
01120000
014000
01130000
01140000
01150000
01150000
01160000
01170000
01180000
01190000
01200000
01210000
01220000
01230000
01240000
01240000
014100
014200
014300
014300
014400
014500
014600
014700
014800
014900
015000
015100
015200
015200
01250000
01260000
01270000
01280000
01280000
01290000
01300000
01310000
01320000
01330000
01340000
01350000
01360000
01370000
01380000
015300
015400
015500
015600
015600
015700
015800
015900
016000
016100
016200
016300
016400
016500
016600
016700
01390000
016700
016700
01400000 016800
01410000 016900
01420000 017000
017100
01430000
017100
01440000 017200
01450000 017300
017400
01460000 017400
01470000 017500
ABJ6005 00 NEW CODE GENERATED FOR
TIME-OF-DAY
ABJ6021 00 OTHERWISE REPLACED BY ELSE
ABJ6005 00 NEW CODE GENERATED FOR
TIME-OF-DAY
ABJ6021 00 OTHERWISE REPLACED BY ELSE
ABJ6018 00 TALLY IS INITIALIZED
ABJ6019 00 EXAMINE REPLACED BY INSPECT
ABJ6018 00 TALLY IS INITIALIZED
ABJ6019 00 EXAMINE REPLACED BY INSPECT
ABJ6021 00 OTHERWISE REPLACED BY ELSE
Figure 5 (Part 4 of 6). ABJIVP01 - CCCA/VSE Diagnostics Report
Chapter 6. CCCA/VSE
61
5785-CCC R1.0
- IBM
COBOL CONVERSION AID SEQNBR-A 1 B.. ... 2 ... ... COBOL SOURCE STATEMENTS
SAMPLE RUN
ABJIVP01
05 FEB 1997 10:05:09 PAGE 5
... 6 ... ... 7 .IDENTFCN OLD/SQ S MSGID SEV --- D I A G N O S T I C S ---
*OLD**
EXAMINE A-POEM TALLYING ALL ″ E″
21
01480000
001780
MOVE ZERO TO TALLY
01480000
001790
INSPECT A-POEM TALLYING TALLY FOR ALL ″ E″
001800
PERFORM THREE-LINES
01490000
*OLD**
EXAMINE A-POEM TALLYING UNTIL FIRST ″ . ″
22
01500000
001810
MOVE ZERO TO TALLY
01500000
001820
INSPECT A-POEM TALLYING TALLY FOR CHARACTERS BEFORE ″ . ″
001830
PERFORM THREE-LINES
01510000
*OLD**
EXAMINE A-POEM TALLYING LEADING ″ R″
23
01520000
001840
MOVE ZERO TO TALLY
01520000
001850
INSPECT A-POEM TALLYING TALLY FOR LEADING ″ R″
001860
PERFORM THREE-LINES
01530000
001870
MOVE 2 TO I
01540000
*OLD**
EXAMINE A-NUMBER(I) TALLYING ALL 1
24
01550000
001880
MOVE ZERO TO TALLY
01550000
001890
INSPECT A-NUMBER(I) TALLYING TALLY FOR ALL ″1″
001900
PERFORM THREE-LINES
01560000
*OLD**
EXAMINE A-NUMBER(I) TALLYING LEADING 0 REPLACING BY 2.
25
001910
MOVE ZERO TO TALLY
01570000
001920
INSPECT A-NUMBER(I) TALLYING TALLY FOR LEADING ″0″ REPLACING
001930
LEADING ″0″ BY ″ 2 ″ .
001940 THREE-LINES.
01580000
001950
ADD TALLY TO MY-COUNTER.
01590000
001960
MOVE TALLY TO OUT-LINE WRITE OUT-LINE
01600000
001970
MOVE MY-COUNTER TO OUT-LINE WRITE OUT-LINE.
01610000
001980 THE-END.
01620000
001990
IF TRIPSWCH EQUAL FAILSWCH OR MY-COUNTER NOT EQUAL 125
01630000
002000
WRITE OUT-LINE FROM FAILCON
01640000
*OLD**
OTHERWISE
26
01650000
002010
ELSE
01650000
002020
WRITE OUT-LINE FROM SUCCESS.
01660000
002030
CLOSE PRINT-FILE.
01670000
002040
STOP RUN.
01680000
002050 END PROGRAM ABJIVP01.
27
Figure 5 (Part 5 of 6). ABJIVP01 - CCCA/VSE Diagnostics Report
62
Migration to COBOL/VSE
017600
017600
017700
017800
017800
017900
018000
018000
018100
018200
018300
018300
018400
018500
018500
018500
018600
018700
018800
018900
019000
019100
019200
019300
019300
019400
019500
019600
ABJ6018 00 TALLY IS INITIALIZED
ABJ6019 00 EXAMINE REPLACED BY INSPECT
ABJ6018 00 TALLY IS INITIALIZED
ABJ6019 00 EXAMINE REPLACED BY INSPECT
ABJ6018 00 TALLY IS INITIALIZED
ABJ6019 00 EXAMINE REPLACED BY INSPECT
ABJ6018 00 TALLY IS INITIALIZED
ABJ6019 00 EXAMINE REPLACED BY INSPECT
ABJ6018 00 TALLY IS INITIALIZED
ABJ6019 00 EXAMINE REPLACED BY INSPECT
ABJ6021 00 OTHERWISE REPLACED BY ELSE
ABJ6126 99 *----------------------------*
* END OF COBOL CONVERSION
*
* 5785-CCC COBOL CONVERSION *
5785-CCC R1.0
- IBM
COBOL CONVERSION AID SAMPLE RUN
CONVERSION FROM DOS/VS COBOL
TO COBOL/VSE
OPTIONS IN EFFECT :
28
PROCEDURE NAME CHECKING ........ YES
LANGLEVEL ......................
FLAG REPORT WRITER STMTS ....... YES
CICS ...........................
REMOVE OBSOLETE ELEMENTS ....... YES
LINE COUNT .....................
GENERATE CALL ILBOABN0 STMT..... YES
DATE FORMAT ....................
GENERATE END PROGRAM STMT ...... YES
RESEQUENCING ...................
POST-CONVERSION COMPILE ........ NO
INCREMENT ......................
MANUAL CHANGE FLAGGING ......... YES
RESERVED WORD SUFFIX ...........
HANDLE EXEC SQL INCLUDE AS COPY. YES
GENERATE NEW PROGRAM ...........
REMOVE NON 88 VALUE CLAUSE IN FS YES
GENERATE NEW COPY ..............
FLAG IF FILE-STATUS (NOT) = ″00″ YES
REPLACE LIKE-NAMED COPY MBR ....
FLAG 31-BIT ADDRESS ARITHMETIC.. YES
PRINT REFERENCE SOURCE LINE ....
INCL.W-S IN CICS COMPILE OF L-S. YES
PRINT COPY MODULE ..............
OPTION-13 ...................... NO
LEVEL DIAGNOSTIC ...............
OPTION-14 ...................... NO
DEBUG MODE .....................
OPTION-15 ...................... NO
SQL ............................
HIGHEST SEVERITY MESSAGE FOR THIS CONVERSION:
00
29
0034 MESSAGES ISSUED
0034 MESSAGES PRINTED
SEQNBR CPYNBR
MSGID
RC MESSAGE TEXT
ABJIVP01
*----------------------------*
05 FEB 1997 10:05:09 PAGE 6
DOS/VS COBOL
NO CICS ST.
60
MM/DD/YY
YES
0010
74
YES
YES
YES
YES
YES
00
0
N
000060
000090
000100
000120
000220
000320
000320
000320
000340
000340
001230
001270
001300
001330
001370
001400
001510
001550
001660
001660
001720
001720
001760
001780
001780
001810
001810
001840
5785-CCC R1.0
ABJ6011
ABJ6181
ABJ6181
ABJ6022
ABJ6181
ABJ6119
ABJ6181
ABJ6181
ABJ6004
ABJ6002
ABJ6005
ABJ6003
ABJ6003
ABJ6003
ABJ6005
ABJ6021
ABJ6005
ABJ6021
ABJ6018
ABJ6019
ABJ6018
ABJ6019
ABJ6021
ABJ6018
ABJ6019
ABJ6018
ABJ6019
ABJ6018
- IBM
00 REMARKS CHANGED TO COMMENT
00 OBSOLETE ELEMENT IS REMOVED
00 OBSOLETE ELEMENT IS REMOVED
00 NOTE CHANGED TO COMMENT
00 OBSOLETE ELEMENT IS REMOVED
00 RECORDING MODE CLAUSE REMOVED
00 OBSOLETE ELEMENT IS REMOVED
00 OBSOLETE ELEMENT IS REMOVED
00 LCP-TIME-OF-DAY-68 GENERATED IN WORKING-STORAGE
00 LCP-CURRENT-DATE-68 GENERATED IN WORKING-STORAGE
00 NEW CODE GENERATED FOR TIME-OF-DAY
00 NEW CODE GENERATED FOR CURRENT-DATE
00 NEW CODE GENERATED FOR CURRENT-DATE
00 NEW CODE GENERATED FOR CURRENT-DATE
00 NEW CODE GENERATED FOR TIME-OF-DAY
00 OTHERWISE REPLACED BY ELSE
00 NEW CODE GENERATED FOR TIME-OF-DAY
00 OTHERWISE REPLACED BY ELSE
00 TALLY IS INITIALIZED
00 EXAMINE REPLACED BY INSPECT
00 TALLY IS INITIALIZED
00 EXAMINE REPLACED BY INSPECT
00 OTHERWISE REPLACED BY ELSE
00 TALLY IS INITIALIZED
00 EXAMINE REPLACED BY INSPECT
00 TALLY IS INITIALIZED
00 EXAMINE REPLACED BY INSPECT
00 TALLY IS INITIALIZED
COBOL CONVERSION AID SAMPLE RUN
001840
001880
001880
001910
001910
002010
ABJ6019
ABJ6018
ABJ6019
ABJ6018
ABJ6019
ABJ6021
00
00
00
00
00
00
ABJIVP01
05 FEB 1997
10:05:09
PAGE
7
EXAMINE REPLACED BY INSPECT
TALLY IS INITIALIZED
EXAMINE REPLACED BY INSPECT
TALLY IS INITIALIZED
EXAMINE REPLACED BY INSPECT
OTHERWISE REPLACED BY ELSE
Figure 5 (Part 6 of 6). ABJIVP01 - CCCA/VSE Diagnostics Report
Notes:
1 2 3 4 5 The input source program contains remarks, author,
note and date compiled information within the IDENTIFICATION DIVISION
of the program. If you specify Y for the Remove obsolete elements option
on conversion Options panel 2, these paragraphs are commented out.
6 The target language compilers ignore this clause, if it is specified for
a VSAM file. If the clause is in a file description entry for a VSAM file or a
file that is to be converted to VSAM, it is removed.
Chapter 6. CCCA/VSE
63
7 8 10 14 16 The TIME-OF-DAY register is not supported by the
target languages. Wherever TIME-OF-DAY is referenced in the program,
it is replaced by code that obtains the time from the system and puts it in
the format of the TIME-OF-DAY register. The fields required for the
reformatting are generated in the WORKING STORAGE section. For
non-CICS programs, the ACCEPT...FROM TIME statement is used to obtain
the time.
9 11 12 13 The CURRENT-DATE register is not supported by the
target languages. Wherever CURRENT-DATE is referenced in the
program, it is replaced by code that obtains the date from the system and
puts it in the format of the CURRENT-DATE register. The fields required
for the reformatting are generated in the WORKING- STORAGE section.
For non-CICS programs, the ACCEPT... FROM DATE statement is used to
obtain the date.
15 17 20 26 OTHERWISE is replaced by ELSE.
18 19 21 22 23 24 25 The EXAMINE statement is changed to
an INSPECT statement and the statement MOVE ZERO TO TALLY is put in
front of it.
27 Under the ANSI 85 standard, control can not flow beyond the last line
of a called subprogram. The conversion generates an implicit END
PROGRAM at the end of each program.
28 This section of the report shows the conversion options that were in
effect during processing. These options were obtained from the
CCCA/VSE panels completed prior to job submission.
29 This section of the report shows the highest severity for this
conversion. In this case the highest level was 0, which means the
conversion was completed successfully without taking any manual
actions.
64
Migration to COBOL/VSE
6.3.2 ABJIVP02 - Batch COBOL Program with Copy Members
6.3.2.1 Input Source Program
000100 IDENTIFICATION DIVISION.
000200 PROGRAM-ID. ABJIVP02.
000300 REMARKS.
000600 --000700
THIS PROGRAM COMPUTES THE GROSS SALARY, TAX AND NET SALARY
000800
OF A GROUP OF EMPLOYEES.
001100 AUTHOR. YOUR NAME FOLLOWED BY A PERIOD.
001200 INSTALLATION. IBM-370.
001300 DATE-WRITTEN. FEB 27,1981.
001400*
001500
NOTE - THE FOLLOWING AREAS ARE ADDRESSED
001600
1 REMARKS
001700
2 NOTE
001800*
3 COPY FOR LANGLVL(1).
001900*
002000 DATE-COMPILED. TODAYS DATE.
002100 EJECT
002200 ENVIRONMENT DIVISION.
002300 CONFIGURATION SECTION.
002400*SOURCE-COMPUTER. IBM-370.
002500*OBJECT-COMPUTER. IBM-370.
002600 INPUT-OUTPUT SECTION.
002700 FILE-CONTROL.
002800
SELECT PRINT-OUT ASSIGN TO UR-2540R-S-PRINT.
002900 DATA DIVISION.
002910*
003000 FILE SECTION.
003100 FD PRINT-OUT
003200
LABEL RECORDS ARE OMITTED
1
003300
DATA RECORDS ARE OUTPUT-RECORD ENTRY-DET.
003500 01 OUTPUT-RECORD COPY ABJL9O1.
2
004400 01 COPY ABJL9O2 REPLACING STEMPL BY PREMPL STHOURS BY PRHOURS
004500
STSALARY BY PRSALARY STTAX BY PRTAX STNET BY PRNET.
004600*
005400 WORKING-STORAGE SECTION.
005500*
005600 77 NUM-OF-ITEMS COPY ABJL9O3.
4
005700*
006500 77 COPY ABJL9O3A.
5
006600*
007300 77 WORK-TAX
PIC 9(3)V9(4).
007400 77 WORK-NET
PIC 9(3)V9(4).
007500 77 SUB1
PIC 99
VALUE 1.
007600 77 ERROR-FLAG
PIC 9
VALUE 0.
007700 01 INPUT-AREA.
007800
03 ENTRYA.
007900
06 FILLER PIC X
VALUE ″A″ .
008000
06 FILLER PIC 99
VALUE 40.
008100
03 ENTRYB.
008200
06 FILLER PIC X
VALUE ″B″ .
3
Figure 6 (Part 1 of 3). ABJIVP02 - Source Program
Chapter 6. CCCA/VSE
65
008300
008400
008500
008600
008700
008800
008900
009000
009100
009200
009300
009400
009500
009600
009700
009800
009900
010000
010100
010200
010300
010400
010500
010600
010700
010800
010900
011000
011100
011200
011300
011400*
011500 01
011600*
012400 01
012500
012600
012700
012800
012900 01
013000
013100
013200
013300
013400
013500 01
013600
013700
013800
013900
014000
06 FILLER
03 ENTRYC.
06 FILLER
06 FILLER
03 ENTRYD.
06 FILLER
06 FILLER
03 ENTRYE.
06 FILLER
06 FILLER
03 ENTRYF.
06 FILLER
06 FILLER
03 ENTRYG.
06 FILLER
06 FILLER
03 ENTRYH.
06 FILLER
06 FILLER
03 ENTRYI.
06 FILLER
06 FILLER
03 ENTRYJ.
06 FILLER
06 FILLER
03 ENTRYK.
06 FILLER
06 FILLER
03 ENTRYL.
06 FILLER
06 FILLER
PIC 99
VALUE 41.
PIC X
PIC 99
VALUE ″C″ .
VALUE 39.
PIC X
PIC 99
VALUE ″D″ .
VALUE 16.
PIC X
PIC 99
VALUE ″E″ .
VALUE 21.
PIC X
PIC 99
VALUE ″F″ .
VALUE 44.
PIC X
PIC 99
VALUE ″G″ .
VALUE 55.
PIC X
PIC 99
VALUE ″H″ .
VALUE 60.
PIC X
PIC 99
VALUE ″I″ .
VALUE 41.
PIC X
PIC 99
VALUE ″J″ .
VALUE 42.
PIC X
PIC 99
VALUE ″K″ .
VALUE 39.
PIC X
PIC 99
VALUE ″L″ .
VALUE 32.
COPY ABJL9O4 REPLACING A BY REDEF-AREA B BY INPUT-AREA.
HDG-1.
03 FILLER
03 FILLER
03 FILLER
03 FILLER
HDG-2.
03 FILLER
03 FILLER
03 FILLER
03 FILLER
03 FILLER
HDG-3.
03 FILLER
03 FILLER
03 FILLER
03 FILLER
03 FILLER
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
X(8)
X(21)
X(21)
X(82)
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
SPACES.
″_____________________″.
″_____________________″.
SPACES.
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
X(8)
X(10)
X(16)
X(13)
X(85)
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
SPACES.
SPACES.
″HOURS GROSS ″ .
″TAX
NET″ .
SPACES.
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
X(8)
X(10)
X(8)
X(8)
X(10)
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
SPACES.
″EMPLOYEE ″ .
″WORKED ″ .
″SALARY ″ .
″DEDUCTED ″ .
Figure 6 (Part 2 of 3). ABJIVP02 - Source Program
66
Migration to COBOL/VSE
6
014100
014200
014300
014400
014500
014600
014700
014800
014900
015000
015100
015200
015300
015400
015500
015600
015700
015800
015900
016000
016100
016200
016300
016400
016500
016600
016700
016800
016900
017000
017100
017200
017300
017400
017500
017600
017700
017800
017900
018000
018100
018200
018300
018400
018500
018600
018700
03 FILLER
PIC X(6) VALUE ″SALARY″ .
03 FILLER
PIC X(82) VALUE SPACES.
01 HDG-4.
03 FILLER
PIC X(8) VALUE SPACES.
03 FILLER
PIC X(10) VALUE ″________ ″ .
03 FILLER
PIC X(8) VALUE ″______ ″ .
03 FILLER
PIC X(8) VALUE ″______ ″ .
03 FILLER
PIC X(10) VALUE ″________ ″ .
03 FILLER
PIC X(6) VALUE ″______″.
03 FILLER
PIC X(82) VALUE SPACES.
PROCEDURE DIVISION.
OPEN OUTPUT PRINT-OUT.
WRITE OUTPUT-RECORD FROM HDG-1.
WRITE OUTPUT-RECORD FROM HDG-2.
WRITE OUTPUT-RECORD FROM HDG-3.
WRITE OUTPUT-RECORD FROM HDG-4.
PERFORM PROCESS THRU PROCESS2 VARYING SUB1 FROM 1 BY 1
UNTIL SUB1 GREATER THAN NUM-OF-ITEMS.
WRITE OUTPUT-RECORD FROM HDG-4.
GO TO EOJ-ROUTINE.
PROCESS.
MOVE SPACES TO ENTRY-DET.
MOVE EMPLOYEE(SUB1) TO PREMPL.
MOVE HOURS-WORK(SUB1) TO PRHOURS.
COMPUTE WORK-GROSS ROUNDED = HOURS-WORK(SUB1) * 4.00.
MOVE WORK-GROSS TO PRSALARY.
IF WORK-GROSS GREATER THAN 150.00
COMPUTE WORK-TAX ROUNDED = (WORK-GROSS - 150) * .2 + 5
GO TO PROCESS2.
IF WORK-GROSS NOT LESS THAN 100.00
COMPUTE WORK-TAX = (WORK-GROSS - 100) * .1
GO TO PROCESS2.
MOVE ZEROS TO WORK-TAX.
PROCESS2.
MOVE WORK-TAX TO PRTAX
COMPUTE WORK-NET = WORK-GROSS - WORK-TAX
MOVE WORK-NET TO PRNET
WRITE ENTRY-DET.
EOJ-ROUTINE.
IF ERROR-FLAG = ZERO
MOVE ″TEST CASE LCPTST09 IS SUCCESSFUL.″ TO OUTPUT-RECORD
WRITE OUTPUT-RECORD
OTHERWISE
MOVE ″TEST CASE LCPTST09 FAILED.″ TO OUTPUT-RECORD
WRITE OUTPUT-RECORD.
CLOSE PRINT-OUT.
STOP RUN.
Figure 6 (Part 3 of 3). ABJIVP02 - Source Program
Chapter 6. CCCA/VSE
67
6.3.2.2 Output Program from CCCA/VSE Conversion
000010 IDENTIFICATION DIVISION.
000020 PROGRAM-ID. ABJIVP02.
000030*
PROGRAM CONVERTED BY
000040*
COBOL CONVERSION AID PO 5785-ABJ
000050*
CONVERSION DATE 02/05/97 10:07:10.
000060*REMARKS.
000070*--000080*
THIS PROGRAM COMPUTES THE GROSS SALARY, TAX AND NET SALARY
000090*
OF A GROUP OF EMPLOYEES.
000100*AUTHOR. YOUR NAME FOLLOWED BY A PERIOD.
000110*INSTALLATION. IBM-370.
000120*DATE-WRITTEN. FEB 27,1981.
000130*
000140*
NOTE - THE FOLLOWING AREAS ARE ADDRESSED
000150*
1 REMARKS
000160*
2 NOTE
000170*
3 COPY FOR LANGLVL(1).
000180*
000190*DATE-COMPILED. TODAYS DATE.
000200 EJECT
000210 ENVIRONMENT DIVISION.
000220 CONFIGURATION SECTION.
000230*SOURCE-COMPUTER. IBM-370.
000240*OBJECT-COMPUTER. IBM-370.
000250 INPUT-OUTPUT SECTION.
000260 FILE-CONTROL.
000270
SELECT PRINT-OUT ASSIGN TO UR-2540R-S-PRINT.
000280 DATA DIVISION.
000290*
000300 FILE SECTION.
000310 FD PRINT-OUT
1
000320
.
000330 01 OUTPUT-RECORD COPY ABJL9O1 REPLACING ==01 STD-LINE== BY
000340
==
==.
000350 COPY ABJL9O2 REPLACING STEMPL BY PREMPL STHOURS BY PRHOURS
000360
STSALARY BY PRSALARY STTAX BY PRTAX STNET BY PRNET.
000370*
000380 WORKING-STORAGE SECTION.
000390*
000400 77 NUM-OF-ITEMS COPY ABJL9O3 REPLACING ==77 A== BY ==
==.
000410*
000420 COPY ABJL9O3A.
5
000430*
000440 77 WORK-TAX
PIC 9(3)V9(4).
000450 **** No Change - same as source ********************
.
.
.
000820
03 ENTRYL.
000830
06 FILLER PIC X
VALUE ″L″ .
000840
06 FILLER PIC 99
VALUE 32.
Figure 7 (Part 1 of 2). ABJIVP02 - Converted Program
68
Migration to COBOL/VSE
2
3
4
000850*
000860 COPY ABJL9O4 REPLACING A BY REDEF-AREA B BY INPUT-AREA.
000870*
000880 01 HDG-1.
000890 **** No Change - same as source ********************
.
.
.
001510
STOP RUN.
6
Figure 7 (Part 2 of 2). ABJIVP02 - Converted Program
6.3.2.3 CCCA/VSE Diagnostic Report
5785-CCC R1.0
- IBM
COBOL CONVERSION AID SEQNBR-A 1 B.. ... 2 ... ... COBOL SOURCE STATEMENTS
SAMPLE RUN
ABJIVP02
05 FEB 1997 10:07:16 PAGE 1
... 6 ... ... 7 .IDENTFCN OLD/SQ S MSGID SEV --- D I A G N O S T I C S ---
000010 IDENTIFICATION DIVISION.
000020 PROGRAM-ID. ABJIVP02.
000030*
PROGRAM CONVERTED BY
000040*
COBOL CONVERSION AID PO 5785-ABJ
000050*
CONVERSION DATE 02/05/97 10:07:10.
*OLD** REMARKS.
000060*REMARKS.
*OLD** --000070*--*OLD**
THIS PROGRAM COMPUTES THE GROSS SALARY, TAX AND NET SALARY
000080*
THIS PROGRAM COMPUTES THE GROSS SALARY, TAX AND NET SALARY
*OLD**
OF A GROUP OF EMPLOYEES.
000090*
OF A GROUP OF EMPLOYEES.
*OLD** AUTHOR. YOUR NAME FOLLOWED BY A PERIOD.
000100*AUTHOR. YOUR NAME FOLLOWED BY A PERIOD.
*OLD** INSTALLATION. IBM-370.
000110*INSTALLATION. IBM-370.
*OLD** DATE-WRITTEN. FEB 27,1981.
000120*DATE-WRITTEN. FEB 27,1981.
000130*
*OLD**
NOTE - THE FOLLOWING AREAS ARE ADDRESSED
000140*
NOTE - THE FOLLOWING AREAS ARE ADDRESSED
*OLD**
1 REMARKS
000150*
1 REMARKS
*OLD**
2 NOTE
000160*
2 NOTE
000170*
3 COPY FOR LANGLVL(1).
000180*
*OLD** DATE-COMPILED. TODAYS DATE.
000190*DATE-COMPILED. TODAYS DATE.
000200 EJECT
000210 ENVIRONMENT DIVISION.
000220 CONFIGURATION SECTION.
000230*SOURCE-COMPUTER. IBM-370.
000240*OBJECT-COMPUTER. IBM-370.
000250 INPUT-OUTPUT SECTION.
000260 FILE-CONTROL.
000270
SELECT PRINT-OUT ASSIGN TO UR-2540R-S-PRINT.
000280 DATA DIVISION.
000290*
000300 FILE SECTION.
000310 FD PRINT-OUT
*OLD**
LABEL RECORDS ARE OMITTED
1
*OLD**
DATA RECORDS ARE OUTPUT-RECORD ENTRY-DET.
000320
.
*OLD** 01 OUTPUT-RECORD COPY ABJL9O1.
2
000330 01 OUTPUT-RECORD COPY ABJL9O1 REPLACING ==01 STD-LINE== BY
000340
==
==.
000010 01 STD-LINE
PIC X(132).
*OLD** 01 COPY ABJL9O2 REPLACING STEMPL BY PREMPL STHOURS BY PRHOURS
000350 COPY ABJL9O2 REPLACING STEMPL BY PREMPL STHOURS BY PRHOURS
000360
STSALARY BY PRSALARY STTAX BY PRTAX STNET BY PRNET.
000010 01 ENTRY-DET.
000100
000200
000300
ABJ6011
000300
000600
000600
000700
000700
000800
000800
001100
ABJ6181
001100
001200
ABJ6181
001200
001300
ABJ6181
001300
001400
001500
ABJ6022
001500
001600
001600
001700
001700
001800
001900
002000
ABJ6181
002000
002100
002200
002300
002400
002500
002600
002700
002800
002900
002910
003000
003100
003200
ABJ6181
003300
ABJ6181
003300
003500
ABJ6088
003500
003500
002400 +
3 004400
ABJ6088
004400
004500
000100 +
00 REMARKS CHANGED TO COMMENT
00 OBSOLETE ELEMENT IS REMOVED
00 OBSOLETE ELEMENT IS REMOVED
00 OBSOLETE ELEMENT IS REMOVED
00 NOTE CHANGED TO COMMENT
00 OBSOLETE ELEMENT IS REMOVED
00 OBSOLETE ELEMENT IS REMOVED
00 OBSOLETE ELEMENT IS REMOVED
00 LANGLEVEL 1 COPY IS CHANGED
00 LANGLEVEL 1 COPY IS CHANGED
Figure 8 (Part 1 of 5). ABJIVP02 - CCCA/VSE Diagnostics Report
Chapter 6. CCCA/VSE
69
5785-CCC R1.0
- IBM
COBOL CONVERSION AID SEQNBR-A 1 B.. ... 2 ... ... COBOL SOURCE STATEMENTS
000020
03 FILLER
PIC X(8).
000030
03 FILLER
PIC X(3).
000040
03 STEMPL
PIC X.
000050
03 FILLER
PIC X(8).
000060
03 STHOURS
PIC 99.
000070
03 FILLER
PIC X(4).
000080
03 STSALARY
PIC ZZZ.99.
000090
03 FILLER
PIC X(2).
000100
03 STTAX
PIC ZZZ.99.
000110
03 FILLER
PIC X(4).
000120
03 STNET
PIC ZZZ.99.
000130
03 FILLER
PIC X(82).
000370*
000380 WORKING-STORAGE SECTION.
000390*
*OLD** 77 NUM-OF-ITEMS COPY ABJL9O3.
4
000400 77 NUM-OF-ITEMS COPY ABJL9O3 REPLACING ==77
000010 77 A
PIC 99
VALUE 12.
000410*
*OLD** 77 COPY ABJL9O3A.
5
000420 COPY ABJL9O3A.
000010 77 WORK-GROSS
PIC 9(3)V9(4).
000430*
000440 77 WORK-TAX
PIC 9(3)V9(4).
000450 77 WORK-NET
PIC 9(3)V9(4).
000460 77 SUB1
PIC 99
VALUE 1.
000470 77 ERROR-FLAG
PIC 9
VALUE 0.
000480 01 INPUT-AREA.
000490
03 ENTRYA.
000500
06 FILLER PIC X
VALUE ″ A″ .
000510
06 FILLER PIC 99
VALUE 40.
000520
03 ENTRYB.
000530
06 FILLER PIC X
VALUE ″ B″ .
000540
06 FILLER PIC 99
VALUE 41.
000550
03 ENTRYC.
000560
06 FILLER PIC X
VALUE ″ C″ .
000570
06 FILLER PIC 99
VALUE 39.
000580
03 ENTRYD.
000590
06 FILLER PIC X
VALUE ″ D″ .
000600
06 FILLER PIC 99
VALUE 16.
000610
03 ENTRYE.
000620
06 FILLER PIC X
VALUE ″ E″ .
000630
06 FILLER PIC 99
VALUE 21.
000640
03 ENTRYF.
000650
06 FILLER PIC X
VALUE ″ F″ .
000660
06 FILLER PIC 99
VALUE 44.
000670
03 ENTRYG.
000680
06 FILLER PIC X
VALUE ″ G″ .
000690
06 FILLER PIC 99
VALUE 55.
000700
03 ENTRYH.
000710
06 FILLER PIC X
VALUE ″ H″ .
000720
06 FILLER PIC 99
VALUE 60.
000730
03 ENTRYI.
SAMPLE RUN
ABJIVP02
05 FEB 1997 10:07:16 PAGE 2
... 6 ... ... 7 .IDENTFCN OLD/SQ S MSGID SEV --- D I A G N O S T I C S ---
A== BY ==
==.
Figure 8 (Part 2 of 5). ABJIVP02 - CCCA/VSE Diagnostics Report
70
Migration to COBOL/VSE
000200
000300
000400
000500
000600
000700
000800
000900
001000
001100
001200
001300
004600
005400
005500
005600
005600
002700
005700
006500
006500
002800
006600
007300
007400
007500
007600
007700
007800
007900
008000
008100
008200
008300
008400
008500
008600
008700
008800
008900
009000
009100
009200
009300
009400
009500
009600
009700
009800
009900
010000
010100
010200
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
ABJ6088 00 LANGLEVEL 1 COPY IS CHANGED
+
ABJ6088 00 LANGLEVEL 1 COPY IS CHANGED
+
5785-CCC R1.0
- IBM
COBOL CONVERSION AID SEQNBR-A 1 B.. ... 2 ... ... COBOL SOURCE STATEMENTS
SAMPLE RUN
ABJIVP02
05 FEB 1997 10:07:16 PAGE 3
... 6 ... ... 7 .IDENTFCN OLD/SQ S MSGID SEV --- D I A G N O S T I C S ---
000740
06 FILLER PIC X
VALUE ″ I″ .
000750
06 FILLER PIC 99
VALUE 41.
000760
03 ENTRYJ.
000770
06 FILLER PIC X
VALUE ″ J″ .
000780
06 FILLER PIC 99
VALUE 42.
000790
03 ENTRYK.
000800
06 FILLER PIC X
VALUE ″ K″ .
000810
06 FILLER PIC 99
VALUE 39.
000820
03 ENTRYL.
000830
06 FILLER PIC X
VALUE ″ L″ .
000840
06 FILLER PIC 99
VALUE 32.
000850*
*OLD** 01 COPY ABJL9O4 REPLACING A BY REDEF-AREA B BY INPUT-AREA.
000860 COPY ABJL9O4 REPLACING A BY REDEF-AREA B BY INPUT-AREA.
000010 01 A REDEFINES B.
000020
03 ENTRY-ITEM OCCURS 12 TIMES.
000030
06 EMPLOYEE
PIC X.
000040
06 HOURS-WORK PIC 99.
000870*
000880 01 HDG-1.
000890
03 FILLER
PIC X(8)
VALUE SPACES.
000900
03 FILLER
PIC X(21) VALUE ″_____________________″.
000910
03 FILLER
PIC X(21) VALUE ″_____________________″.
000920
03 FILLER
PIC X(82) VALUE SPACES.
000930 01 HDG-2.
000940
03 FILLER
PIC X(8)
VALUE SPACES.
000950
03 FILLER
PIC X(10) VALUE SPACES.
000960
03 FILLER
PIC X(16) VALUE ″ HOURS
GROSS
″.
000970
03 FILLER
PIC X(13) VALUE ″ TAX
NET″ .
000980
03 FILLER
PIC X(85) VALUE SPACES.
000990 01 HDG-3.
001000
03 FILLER
PIC X(8)
VALUE SPACES.
001010
03 FILLER
PIC X(10) VALUE ″ EMPLOYEE ″ .
001020
03 FILLER
PIC X(8)
VALUE ″ WORKED ″ .
001030
03 FILLER
PIC X(8)
VALUE ″ SALARY ″ .
001040
03 FILLER
PIC X(10) VALUE ″ DEDUCTED ″ .
001050
03 FILLER
PIC X(6)
VALUE ″ SALARY″ .
001060
03 FILLER
PIC X(82) VALUE SPACES.
001070 01 HDG-4.
001080
03 FILLER
PIC X(8)
VALUE SPACES.
001090
03 FILLER
PIC X(10) VALUE ″________ ″ .
001100
03 FILLER
PIC X(8)
VALUE ″______ ″ .
001110
03 FILLER
PIC X(8)
VALUE ″______ ″ .
001120
03 FILLER
PIC X(10) VALUE ″________ ″ .
001130
03 FILLER
PIC X(6)
VALUE ″______″.
001140
03 FILLER
PIC X(82) VALUE SPACES.
001150 PROCEDURE DIVISION.
001160
OPEN OUTPUT PRINT-OUT.
001170
WRITE OUTPUT-RECORD FROM HDG-1.
001180
WRITE OUTPUT-RECORD FROM HDG-2.
001190
WRITE OUTPUT-RECORD FROM HDG-3.
001200
WRITE OUTPUT-RECORD FROM HDG-4.
001210
PERFORM PROCESS THRU PROCESS2 VARYING SUB1 FROM 1 BY 1
6
010300
010400
010500
010600
010700
010800
010900
011000
011100
011200
011300
011400
011500
011500
007000
007100
007200
007300
011600
012400
012500
012600
012700
012800
012900
013000
013100
013200
013300
013400
013500
013600
013700
013800
013900
014000
014100
014200
014300
014400
014500
014600
014700
014800
014900
015000
015100
015200
015300
015400
015500
015600
015700
ABJ6088 00 LANGLEVEL 1 COPY IS CHANGED
+
+
+
+
Figure 8 (Part 3 of 5). ABJIVP02 - CCCA/VSE Diagnostics Report
Chapter 6. CCCA/VSE
71
5785-CCC R1.0
- IBM
COBOL CONVERSION AID SEQNBR-A 1 B.. ... 2 ... ... COBOL SOURCE STATEMENTS
001220
001230
001240
001250
001260
001270
001280
001290
001300
001310
001320
001330
001340
001350
001360
001370
001380
001390
001400
001410
001420
001430
001440
001450
001460
*OLD**
001470
001480
001490
001500
001510
001520
SAMPLE RUN
ABJIVP02
05 FEB 1997 10:07:16 PAGE 4
... 6 ... ... 7 .IDENTFCN OLD/SQ S MSGID SEV --- D I A G N O S T I C S ---
UNTIL SUB1 GREATER THAN NUM-OF-ITEMS.
WRITE OUTPUT-RECORD FROM HDG-4.
GO TO EOJ-ROUTINE.
PROCESS.
MOVE SPACES TO ENTRY-DET.
MOVE EMPLOYEE(SUB1) TO PREMPL.
MOVE HOURS-WORK(SUB1) TO PRHOURS.
COMPUTE WORK-GROSS ROUNDED = HOURS-WORK(SUB1) * 4.00.
MOVE WORK-GROSS TO PRSALARY.
IF WORK-GROSS GREATER THAN 150.00
COMPUTE WORK-TAX ROUNDED = (WORK-GROSS - 150) * .2 + 5
GO TO PROCESS2.
IF WORK-GROSS NOT LESS THAN 100.00
COMPUTE WORK-TAX = (WORK-GROSS - 100) * .1
GO TO PROCESS2.
MOVE ZEROS TO WORK-TAX.
PROCESS2.
MOVE WORK-TAX TO PRTAX
COMPUTE WORK-NET = WORK-GROSS - WORK-TAX
MOVE WORK-NET TO PRNET
WRITE ENTRY-DET.
EOJ-ROUTINE.
IF ERROR-FLAG = ZERO
MOVE ″ TEST CASE LCPTST09 IS SUCCESSFUL.″ TO OUTPUT-RECORD
WRITE OUTPUT-RECORD
OTHERWISE
ELSE
MOVE ″ TEST CASE LCPTST09 FAILED.″ TO OUTPUT-RECORD
WRITE OUTPUT-RECORD.
CLOSE PRINT-OUT.
STOP RUN.
END PROGRAM ABJIVP02.
Figure 8 (Part 4 of 5). ABJIVP02 - CCCA/VSE Diagnostics Report
72
Migration to COBOL/VSE
015800
015900
016000
016100
016200
016300
016400
016500
016600
016700
016800
016900
017000
017100
017200
017300
017400
017500
017600
017700
017800
017900
018000
018100
018200
018300
018300
018400
018500
018600
018700
ABJ6021 00 OTHERWISE REPLACED BY ELSE
ABJ6126 99 *----------------------------*
* END OF COBOL CONVERSION
*
* 5785-CCC COBOL CONVERSION *
*----------------------------*
5785-CCC R1.0
- IBM
COBOL CONVERSION AID SAMPLE RUN
CONVERSION FROM DOS/VS COBOL
TO COBOL/VSE
OPTIONS IN EFFECT :
PROCEDURE NAME CHECKING ........ YES
LANGLEVEL ......................
FLAG REPORT WRITER STMTS ....... YES
CICS ...........................
REMOVE OBSOLETE ELEMENTS ....... YES
LINE COUNT .....................
GENERATE CALL ILBOABN0 STMT..... YES
DATE FORMAT ....................
GENERATE END PROGRAM STMT ...... YES
RESEQUENCING ...................
POST-CONVERSION COMPILE ........ NO
INCREMENT ......................
MANUAL CHANGE FLAGGING ......... YES
RESERVED WORD SUFFIX ...........
HANDLE EXEC SQL INCLUDE AS COPY. YES
GENERATE NEW PROGRAM ...........
REMOVE NON 88 VALUE CLAUSE IN FS YES
GENERATE NEW COPY ..............
FLAG IF FILE-STATUS (NOT) = ″00″ YES
REPLACE LIKE-NAMED COPY MBR ....
FLAG 31-BIT ADDRESS ARITHMETIC.. YES
PRINT REFERENCE SOURCE LINE ....
INCL.W-S IN CICS COMPILE OF L-S. YES
PRINT COPY MODULE ..............
OPTION-13 ...................... NO
LEVEL DIAGNOSTIC ...............
OPTION-14 ...................... NO
DEBUG MODE .....................
OPTION-15 ...................... NO
SQL ............................
HIGHEST SEVERITY MESSAGE FOR THIS CONVERSION:
00
0014 MESSAGES ISSUED
0014 MESSAGES PRINTED
SEQNBR CPYNBR
MSGID
RC MESSAGE TEXT
000060
000100
000110
000120
000140
000190
000320
000320
000330
000350
000400
000420
000860
001470
ABJ6011
ABJ6181
ABJ6181
ABJ6181
ABJ6022
ABJ6181
ABJ6181
ABJ6181
ABJ6088
ABJ6088
ABJ6088
ABJ6088
ABJ6088
ABJ6021
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
ABJIVP02
05 FEB 1997
10:07:16
PAGE
5
DOS/VS COBOL
NO CICS ST.
60
MM/DD/YY
YES
0010
74
YES
YES
YES
YES
YES
00
0
N
REMARKS CHANGED TO COMMENT
OBSOLETE ELEMENT IS REMOVED
OBSOLETE ELEMENT IS REMOVED
OBSOLETE ELEMENT IS REMOVED
NOTE CHANGED TO COMMENT
OBSOLETE ELEMENT IS REMOVED
OBSOLETE ELEMENT IS REMOVED
OBSOLETE ELEMENT IS REMOVED
LANGLEVEL 1 COPY IS CHANGED
LANGLEVEL 1 COPY IS CHANGED
LANGLEVEL 1 COPY IS CHANGED
LANGLEVEL 1 COPY IS CHANGED
LANGLEVEL 1 COPY IS CHANGED
OTHERWISE REPLACED BY ELSE
Figure 8 (Part 5 of 5). ABJIVP02 - CCCA/VSE Diagnostics Report
Notes:
1 If you specify Y for the Remove obsolete elements option on the
Optional Processing Panel, this clause is removed.
2 4 5COPY statements with associated names are not supported by
the target languages. If the name starts with $, the COPY $name is
flagged.
3 6 If the operands of the REPLACING phrase contain an ANSI 85
standard non-COBOL character that is not in a non-numeric literal, the
statement is flagged. Under the ANSI 68 and ANSI 74 standard
non-COBOL characters in the REPLACING phrase are diagnosed. You
should remove all non-COBOL characters from the REPLACING phrase
and from the copybook.
6.3.3 ABJIVP03 - COBOL Program with Copy Members and CICS Statements
CCCA/VSE converts CICS Command Level statements from the syntax of the
source language level to the target language level.
The Base Locator for Linkage sections (BLLs) are classified as either primary or
secondary. Primary BLLs are associated with the portion of the record that is
equal to or less than 4096 bytes, and secondary BLLs correspond to record
portions greater than 4096 bytes.
Chapter 6. CCCA/VSE
73
6.3.3.1 Input Source Program
CBL QUOTE
ID DIVISION.
PROGRAM-ID. ABJIVP03.
ENVIRONMENT DIVISION.
DATA DIVISION.
WORKING-STORAGE SECTION.
1
77 PCB
PIC X(4) VALUE ″PCB ″ .
77 GN
PIC X(4) VALUE ″GN ″ .
77 GU
PIC X(4) VALUE ″GU ″ .
77 GNP
PIC X(4) VALUE ″GNP ″ .
77 TERM
PIC X(4) VALUE ″TERM″ .
77 SAVE-TCAFCRC PIC X VALUE SPACE.
77 SAVE-TCADLTR PIC X VALUE SPACE.
77 SAVE-STATUS-CODE PIC XX VALUE SPACES.
01 SAVE-TCACCCA PIC X(32) VALUE SPACES.
01 PAGE-OVERFLOW-CTR PIC S9(4) COMP.
01
DFHBMSCA.
02
DFHBMPEM PICTURE X VALUE IS ″″ .
02
DFHBMPNL PICTURE X VALUE IS ″″ .
02
DFHBMASK PICTURE X VALUE IS ″0″.
02
DFHBMUNP PICTURE X VALUE IS ″ ″ .
02
DFHBMUNN PICTURE X VALUE IS ″&″.
02
DFHBMPRO PICTURE X VALUE IS ″-″ .
02
DFHBMBRY PICTURE X VALUE IS ″H″ .
02
DFHBMDAR PICTURE X VALUE IS ″<″.
02
DFHBMFSE PICTURE X VALUE IS ″A″ .
02
DFHBMPRF PICTURE X VALUE IS ″ / ″ .
02
DFHBMASF PICTURE X VALUE IS ″1″.
02
DFHBMASB PICTURE X VALUE IS ″8″.
02
DFHBMEOF PICTURE X VALUE IS ″Ø″ .
02
DFHBMDET PICTURE X VALUE IS ″″ .
02
DFHSA
PICTURE X VALUE IS ″″ .
02
DFHCOLOR PICTURE X VALUE IS ″â″ .
02
DFHPS
PICTURE X VALUE IS ″ä″ .
02
DFHHLT
PICTURE X VALUE IS ″″ .
02
DFH3270 PICTURE X VALUE IS ″{″.
02
DFHVAL
PICTURE X VALUE IS ″A″ .
02
DFHALL
PICTURE X VALUE IS ″″ .
02
DFHERROR PICTURE X VALUE IS ″″ .
02
DFHDFT
PICTURE X VALUE IS ″″ .
02
DFHDFCOL PICTURE X VALUE IS ″″ .
02
DFHBLUE PICTURE X VALUE IS ″1″.
02
DFHRED
PICTURE X VALUE IS ″2″.
02
DFHPINK PICTURE X VALUE IS ″3″.
02
DFHGREEN PICTURE X VALUE IS ″4″.
02
DFHTURQ PICTURE X VALUE IS ″5″.
02
DFHYELLO PICTURE X VALUE IS ″6″.
02
DFHNEUTR PICTURE X VALUE IS ″7″.
02
DFHBASE PICTURE X VALUE IS ″″ .
02
DFHDFHI PICTURE X VALUE IS ″″ .
Figure 9 (Part 1 of 13). ABJIVP03 - Source Program
74
Migration to COBOL/VSE
00001000
00002000
00003000
00004000
00005000
00006000
00007000
00008000
00009000
00010000
00011000
00012000
00013000
00014000
00015000
00016000
00017000
00017020
00017040
00017060
00017080
00017100
00017120
00017140
00017160
00017180
00017200
00017220
00017240
00017260
00017280
00017300
00017320
00017340
00017360
00017380
00017400
00017420
00017440
00017460
00017480
00017500
00017520
00017540
00017560
00017580
00017600
00017620
00017640
00017660
02
02
02
02
02
02
02
02
02
02
02
02
02
02
02
02
02
01
02
02
02
02
02
02
02
02
02
02
02
02
02
02
02
02
02
02
02
02
02
02
02
02
02
02
02
02
02
02
02
02
DFHBLINK
DFHREVRS
DFHUNDLN
DFHMFIL
DFHMENT
DFHMFE
DFHUNNOD
DFHUNIMD
DFHUNNUM
DFHUNINT
DFHUNNON
DFHPROTI
DFHPROTN
DFHMT
DFHMFT
DFHMET
DFHMFET
DFHAID.
DFHNULL
DFHENTER
DFHCLEAR
DFHCLRP
DFHPEN
DFHOPID
DFHMSRE
DFHSTRF
DFHTRIG
DFHPA1
DFHPA2
DFHPA3
DFHPF1
DFHPF2
DFHPF3
DFHPF4
DFHPF5
DFHPF6
DFHPF7
DFHPF8
DFHPF9
DFHPF10
DFHPF11
DFHPF12
DFHPF13
DFHPF14
DFHPF15
DFHPF16
DFHPF17
DFHPF18
DFHPF19
DFHPF20
PICTURE
PICTURE
PICTURE
PICTURE
PICTURE
PICTURE
PICTURE
PICTURE
PICTURE
PICTURE
PICTURE
PICTURE
PICTURE
PICTURE
PICTURE
PICTURE
PICTURE
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
IS
IS
IS
IS
IS
IS
IS
IS
IS
IS
IS
IS
IS
IS
IS
IS
IS
IS
IS
IS
IS
IS
IS
IS
IS
IS
IS
IS
IS
IS
IS
IS
IS
IS
IS
IS
IS
IS
IS
IS
IS
IS
IS
IS
IS
IS
IS
IS
IS
″″ .
QUOTE.
″_″.
″]″.
″=″.
″W″ .
″X″ .
″h″ .
″″″″.
″%″.
″>″.
″,″.
″1″.
″2″.
″3″.
″4″.
″5″.
″6″.
″7″.
″8″.
″9″.
″:″.
″#″.
[email protected] .
″A″ .
″B″ .
″C″ .
″D″ .
″E″ .
″F″ .
″G″ .
″H″ .
″1″.
″2″.
″4″.
″″ .
″″ .
″ ″.
″(″.
″I″ .
″J″ .
″R″ .
″)″.
″Y″ .
″%″.
″″ .
″
″.
″″ .
″′″.
00017680
00017700
00017720
00017740
00017760
00017780
00017800
00017820
00017840
00017860
00017880
00017900
00017920
00017940
00017960
00017980
00018000
00018020
00018040
00018060
00018080
00018100
00018120
00018140
00018160
00018180
00018200
00018220
00018240
00018260
00018280
00018300
00018320
00018340
00018360
00018380
00018400
00018420
00018440
00018460
00018490
00018520
00018550
00018580
00018610
00018640
00018670
00018700
00018730
00018760
00018790
Figure 9 (Part 2 of 13). ABJIVP03 - Source Program
Chapter 6. CCCA/VSE
75
02
02
02
02
DFHPF21
DFHPF22
DFHPF23
DFHPF24
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
X
X
X
X
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
IS
IS
IS
IS
″I″ .
″¢″ .
″.″.
″<″.
01 PSBNAME PIC X(8).
01 DLIO PIC X(70).
01 SSA1.
02 FILLER PIC X(19) VALUE ″ID
(NUM
=″ .
02 SSA1KEY PIC X(5).
02 FILLER PIC X VALUE ″ ) ″ .
01 SSA2.
02 FILLER PIC X(19) VALUE ″CHEQUE (COMPTE =″ .
02 SSA2KEY PIC X(5).
02 FILLER PIC X VALUE ″ ) ″ .
01 SSA3.
02 FILLER PIC X(19) VALUE ″PRET
(PRENUM =″ .
02 SSA3KEY PIC X(6).
02 FILLER PIC X VALUE ″ ) ″ .
01 MAP1I COPY ABJCQIN.
LINKAGE SECTION.
01 DFHBLLDS SYNCHRONIZED.
2
02 BLLCBAR PICTURE XXXX.
02 CSACBAR PICTURE XXXX.
02 CSAOPBAR PICTURE S9(8) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
02 TCACBAR PICTURE S9(8) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
02 PCB-LIST-PTR PIC S9(8) COMP.
02 PCB1-PTR PIC S9(8) COMP.
02 CINQOUT-PTR PIC S9(8) COMP.
02 ERRORMP-PTR PIC S9(8) COMP.
02 CIDLOUT-PTR PIC S9(8) COMP.
01 DFHCSADS SYNCHRONIZED.
02 CSAFILLER PICTURE X(512).
02 FILLER1 REDEFINES CSAFILLER.
03 FILLER.
04 FILLER PICTURE X(76).
04 CSACDTA PICTURE S9(8) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
04 CSATODP PICTURE S9(7) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL-3.
04 FILLER PICTURE X(12).
04 CSACTODB PICTURE S9(8) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
04 FILLER PICTURE X(24).
04 CSAJYDP PICTURE 9(7) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL-3.
04 FILLER PICTURE X(64).
03 FILLER.
04 FILLER PICTURE X(8).
04 CSAOPFLA PICTURE S9(8) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
04 FILLER PICTURE X(20).
04 FILLER.
05 CSAKCNAC PICTURE XXXX.
05 CSASCNAC PICTURE XXXX.
Figure 9 (Part 3 of 13). ABJIVP03 - Source Program
76
Migration to COBOL/VSE
00018820
00018850
00018880
00018910
00018940
00018970
00019000
00020000
00021000
00022000
00023000
00024000
00025000
00026000
00027000
00028000
00029000
00030000
00031000
00032000
00033000
00034000
00035000
00035200
00035400
00035600
00035800
00036000
00037000
00038000
00039000
00040000
00041000
00041005
00041010
00041015
00041020
00041025
00041030
00041035
00041040
00041045
00041050
00041055
00041060
00041065
00041070
00041075
00041080
00041085
00041090
*
05 CSAPCNAC PICTURE XXXX.
05 CSAICNAC PICTURE XXXX.
05 CSADCNAC PICTURE XXXX.
05 CSATCNAC PICTURE XXXX.
05 CSAFCNAC PICTURE XXXX.
05 CSATDNAC PICTURE XXXX.
05 CSATSNAC PICTURE XXXX.
05 CSASANAC PICTURE XXXX.
05 CSATRNAC PICTURE XXXX.
05 CSAPINAC PICTURE XXXX.
05 FILLER PICTURE X(4).
05 CSASPNAC PICTURE XXXX.
05 CSATCRWE PICTURE XXXX.
03 FILLER PICTURE X(215).
03 CSAUTA1 PICTURE S9(5) USAGE IS
03 CSAUTA2 PICTURE S9(5) USAGE IS
03 CSAUTA3 PICTURE S9(5) USAGE IS
03 CSAUTA4 PICTURE S9(5) USAGE IS
03 FILLER PICTURE X(1).
ABOVE FILLER ADDED BY APAR PN26174
COMPUTATIONAL-3.
COMPUTATIONAL-3.
COMPUTATIONAL-3.
COMPUTATIONAL-3.
01 DFHTCADS PICTURE X(64) SYNCHRONIZED.
01 CSAOPFL REDEFINES DFHTCADS SYNCHRONIZED.
02 CSAATP PICTURE XXXX.
02 CSAATTCH PICTURE XXXX.
02 CSADLI PICTURE XXXX.
02 CSABFNAC PICTURE XXXX.
02 CSABMS PICTURE XXXX.
02 CSATMSVT PICTURE XXXX.
02 CSAJCNA1 PICTURE XXXX.
02 CSAJCNA2 PICTURE XXXX.
02 CSASRNAC PICTURE XXXX.
02 CSASRTBA PICTURE XXXX.
02 CSAKPNAC PICTURE XXXX.
02 CSAATMSP PICTURE XXXX.
02 CSAXLTBA PICTURE XXXX.
02 CSAJCTBA PICTURE XXXX.
01 DFHTCA SYNCHRONIZED.
02 FILLER.
03 FILLER PICTURE X(8).
03 TCAFCAAA PICTURE S9(8) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
03 FILLER REDEFINES TCAFCAAA.
04 TCAFCAA1 PICTURE X.
04 FILLER PICTURE X(3).
03 FILLER.
04 FILLER PICTURE X(8).
04 TCATCEA PICTURE S9(8) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
04 FILLER REDEFINES TCATCEA.
05 TCATCQA PICTURE S9(8) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
04 TCATCTR1 PICTURE 9(4) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
00041095
00041100
00041105
00041110
00041115
00041120
00041125
00041130
00041135
00041140
00041145
00041150
00041155
00041160
00041165
00041170
00041175
00041180
00041185
00041190
00041195
00041200
00041205
00041210
00041215
00041220
00041225
00041230
00041235
00041240
00041245
00041250
00041255
00041260
00041265
00041270
00041275
00041280
00041285
00041290
00041295
00041300
00041305
00041310
00041315
00041320
00041325
00041330
00041335
00041340
00041345
Figure 9 (Part 4 of 13). ABJIVP03 - Source Program
Chapter 6. CCCA/VSE
77
04 FILLER REDEFINES TCATCTR1.
05 TCATCEI PICTURE X.
05 TCATCTR PICTURE X.
04 FILLER REDEFINES TCATCTR1.
05 TCATCDC PICTURE X.
05 FILLER PICTURE X.
04 TCATCDP PICTURE X.
04 FILLER PICTURE X(5).
04 TCATCRS PICTURE X(60).
04 FILLER REDEFINES TCATCRS.
05 TCATCDP1 PICTURE 9(4) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
05 FILLER PICTURE X(58).
03 FILLER.
04 TCASCCA.
05 TCASCSA PICTURE S9(8) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
04 FILLER REDEFINES TCASCCA.
05 TCAFCTL PICTURE S9(8) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
04 FILLER REDEFINES TCASCCA.
05 TCASCTR PICTURE X.
05 TCASCIB PICTURE X.
05 TCASCNB PICTURE 9(4) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
04 FILLER REDEFINES TCASCCA.
05 TCASCRI PICTURE 9(4) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
05 FILLER PICTURE X(2).
04 TCAFCTL1 PICTURE S9(8) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
04 FILLER PICTURE X(28).
03 FILLER.
04 TCACCCA.
05 TCACCCA1 PICTURE X(32).
05 TCACCRS1 PICTURE X(56).
05 TCACCSV1 PICTURE S9(4) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
05 TCACCRSV PICTURE XX.
05 TCACCSV2 PICTURE XXXX.
04 FILLER REDEFINES TCACCCA.
05 TCATPAPR PICTURE X.
88 TCATPVAL VALUE ″6″.
88 TCATPNVL VALUE ″7″.
88 TCATPLNR VALUE ″″ .
05 FILLER PICTURE X.
05 TCATPOS PICTURE S9(4) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
05 TCATPCS PICTURE S9(4) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
05 TCATPOC PICTURE S9(4) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
05 TCATPLDM PICTURE XX.
05 TCATPCON PIC S9(4) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
05 TCATPPNM PICTURE X(8).
05 FILLER PICTURE X(76).
04 FILLER REDEFINES TCACCCA.
05 FILLER PICTURE X(24).
05 TCAKCTI PICTURE X(4).
05 TCAKCFA PICTURE S9(8) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
05 FILLER PICTURE X(64).
Figure 9 (Part 5 of 13). ABJIVP03 - Source Program
78
Migration to COBOL/VSE
00041350
00041355
00041360
00041365
00041370
00041375
00041380
00041385
00041390
00041395
00041400
00041405
00041410
00041415
00041420
00041425
00041430
00041435
00041440
00041445
00041450
00041455
00041460
00041465
00041470
00041475
00041480
00041485
00041490
00041495
00041500
00041505
00041510
00041515
00041520
00041525
00041530
00041535
00041540
00041545
00041550
00041555
00041560
00041565
00041570
00041575
00041580
00041585
00041590
00041595
00041600
04 FILLER REDEFINES TCACCCA.
05 TCAICDA PICTURE S9(8) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
05 FILLER REDEFINES TCAICDA.
06 TCAICTR PICTURE 9(4) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
06 FILLER PICTURE X(2).
05 FILLER REDEFINES TCAICDA.
06 TCAICRC PICTURE X.
06 FILLER PICTURE X(3).
05 TCAICQID.
07 TCAICQPX PICTURE XX.
07 FILLER PICTURE X(6).
05 TCAICRT PICTURE S9(7) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL-3.
05 TCAICTI PICTURE X(4).
05 TCAICTID PICTURE X(4).
05 FILLER PICTURE X(4).
05 TCAFCTR1 PICTURE 9(4) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
05 FILLER PICTURE X(66).
04 FILLER REDEFINES TCACCCA.
05 TCAPCLA PICTURE S9(8) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
05 FILLER REDEFINES TCAPCLA.
06 TCAPCTR PICTURE 9(4) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
06 FILLER PICTURE X(2).
05 FILLER REDEFINES TCAPCLA.
06 TCAPCRC PICTURE X.
88 PCPGMIDER VALUE ″″ .
88 PCNORESP
VALUE ″″ .
88 ICNORESP
VALUE ″″ .
88 ICENDDATA VALUE ″″ .
88 ICIOERROR VALUE ″″ .
88 ICTRNIDER VALUE ″│″ .
88 ICTRMIDER VALUE ″└″ .
88 ICTSINVLD VALUE ″″ .
88 ICEXPIRD
VALUE ″″ .
88 ICNOTFND
VALUE ″£″ .
88 ICINVREQ
VALUE ″″ .
88 TSNORESP
VALUE ″″ .
88 TSENERROR VALUE ″″ .
88 TSIDERROR VALUE ″″ .
88 TSIOERROR VALUE ″″ .
88 TSINVREQ
VALUE ″″ .
88 TDNORESP
VALUE ″″ .
88 TDQUEZERO VALUE ″″ .
88 TDIDERROR VALUE ″″ .
88 TDIOERROR VALUE ″″ .
88 TDNOTOPEN VALUE ″ ; ″ .
88 TDNOSPACE VALUE ″┌″ .
88 FCNORESP
VALUE ″″ .
88 FCDSIDER
VALUE ″″ .
88 FCSEGIDER VALUE ″″ .
88 FCINVREQ
VALUE ″ ; ″ .
88 FCDUPDS
VALUE ″″ .
00041605
00041610
00041615
00041620
00041625
00041630
00041635
00041640
00041645
00041650
00041655
00041660
00041665
00041670
00041675
00041680
00041685
00041690
00041695
00041700
00041705
00041710
00041715
00041720
00041725
00041730
00041735
00041740
00041745
00041750
00041755
00041760
00041765
00041770
00041775
00041780
00041785
00041790
00041795
00041800
00041805
00041810
00041815
00041820
00041825
00041830
00041835
00041840
00041845
00041850
00041855
Figure 9 (Part 6 of 13). ABJIVP03 - Source Program
Chapter 6. CCCA/VSE
79
88 FCNOTOPEN VALUE ″″ .
88 FCENDFILE VALUE ″″ .
88 FCIOERROR VALUE ″Ø″ .
88 FCNOTFND
VALUE ″a″ .
88 FCDUPREC
VALUE ″b″ .
88 FCNOSPACE VALUE ″c″ .
88 FCDUPKEY
VALUE ″d″ .
88 FCILLOGIC VALUE ″″ .
06 TCAPCFLA PICTURE X.
06 TCAPCARO PICTURE X.
06 FILLER PICTURE X.
05 TCAPCPI PICTURE X(8).
05 FILLER REDEFINES TCAPCPI.
06 TCAPCERA PICTURE S9(8) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
06 FILLER PICTURE X(4).
05 TCAPCAC PICTURE XXXX.
05 TCAPCPSW PICTURE X(8).
05 TCAPCINT PICTURE X(8).
05 FILLER PICTURE X(64).
04 FILLER REDEFINES TCACCCA.
05 TCADCTR PICTURE 9(4) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
05 TCADCNB PICTURE 9(4) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
05 TCADCSA PICTURE S9(8) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
05 FILLER PICTURE XXXX.
05 TCADCDC PICTURE XXXX.
05 FILLER PICTURE X(80).
04 FILLER REDEFINES TCACCCA.
05 TCAFCAA PICTURE S9(8) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
05 FILLER REDEFINES TCAFCAA.
06 TCAFCTR PICTURE 9(4) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
06 FILLER PICTURE X(2).
05 FILLER REDEFINES TCAFCAA.
06 TCAFCRC PICTURE X.
06 FILLER PICTURE X(3).
05 TCAFCDI PICTURE X(8).
05 TCAFCURL PICTURE 9(4) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
05 FILLER REDEFINES TCAFCURL.
06 TCAFCNRD PICTURE 9(4) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
05 FILLER PICTURE X(6).
05 FILLER PICTURE X(8).
05 TCAFCRI PICTURE S9(8) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
05 FILLER PICTURE X(64).
04 FILLER REDEFINES TCACCCA.
05 TCATDAA PICTURE S9(8) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
05 FILLER REDEFINES TCATDAA.
06 TCATDRC PICTURE X.
06 FILLER PICTURE X(3).
05 FILLER REDEFINES TCATDAA.
06 TCATDTR PICTURE 9(4) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
06 FILLER PICTURE X(2).
05 TCATDDI PICTURE XXXX.
Figure 9 (Part 7 of 13). ABJIVP03 - Source Program
80
Migration to COBOL/VSE
00041860
00041865
00041870
00041875
00041880
00041885
00041890
00041896
00041902
00041908
00041914
00041920
00041926
00041932
00041938
00041944
00041950
00041956
00041962
00041968
00041974
00041980
00041986
00041992
00041998
00042004
00042010
00042016
00042022
00042028
00042034
00042040
00042046
00042052
00042058
00042064
00042070
00042076
00042082
00042088
00042094
00042100
00042106
00042112
00042118
00042124
00042130
00042136
00042142
00042148
00042154
05 FILLER PICTURE X(88).
04 FILLER REDEFINES TCACCCA.
05 TCATSDA PICTURE S9(8) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
05 FILLER REDEFINES TCATSDA.
06 TCATSRC PICTURE X.
06 FILLER PICTURE X(3).
05 FILLER REDEFINES TCATSDA.
06 TCATSTR PICTURE 9(4) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
06 FILLER PICTURE X(2).
05 TCATSDI PICTURE X(8).
05 TCATSRN PICTURE 9(4) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
05 FILLER PICTURE X(2).
05 TCATSTR2 PICTURE 9(4) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
05 FILLER PICTURE X(78).
04 FILLER REDEFINES TCACCCA.
05 TCAMSTR1 PICTURE X(8).
05 FILLER REDEFINES TCAMSTR1.
06 FILLER PICTURE X.
06 TCAMSTR2 PICTURE X.
06 TCAMSTR3 PICTURE X.
06 TCAMSTR4 PICTURE X.
06 TCAMSTR5 PICTURE X.
06 TCAMSTR6 PICTURE X.
06 TCAMSTR7 PICTURE X.
06 TCAMSTR8 PICTURE X.
05 FILLER REDEFINES TCAMSTR1.
06 TCAMSRC1 PICTURE X.
06 TCAMSRC2 PICTURE X.
06 TCAMSRC3 PICTURE X.
06 TCAMSRI1 PICTURE X.
06 TCAMSPGN PICTURE 9(4) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
06 TCAMSOCN PICTURE 9(4) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
05 FILLER REDEFINES TCAMSTR1.
06 FILLER PICTURE XX.
06 TCAMSRC3H PICTURE 9(4) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
06 FILLER PICTURE X(4).
05 FILLER REDEFINES TCAMSTR1.
06 TCAMSRC PICTURE XXX.
06 FILLER PICTURE X(5).
05 TCAMSIOA PICTURE S9(8) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
05 FILLER REDEFINES TCAMSIOA.
06 TCAMSTA PICTURE S9(8) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
05 TCAMSFSC PICTURE XXXX.
05 FILLER REDEFINES TCAMSFSC.
06 TCABMSFB PICTURE 9(4) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
06 FILLER REDEFINES TCABMSFB.
07 TCABMSWC PICTURE X.
07 FILLER PICTURE X.
06 FILLER REDEFINES TCABMSFB.
07 TCAMSWCC PICTURE X.
07 TCAMSJ PICTURE X.
00042160
00042166
00042172
00042178
00042184
00042190
00042196
00042202
00042208
00042214
00042220
00042226
00042232
00042238
00042244
00042250
00042256
00042262
00042268
00042274
00042280
00042286
00042292
00042298
00042304
00042310
00042316
00042322
00042328
00042334
00042340
00042346
00042352
00042358
00042364
00042370
00042376
00042382
00042388
00042394
00042400
00042406
00042412
00042418
00042424
00042430
00042436
00042442
00042448
00042454
00042460
Figure 9 (Part 8 of 13). ABJIVP03 - Source Program
Chapter 6. CCCA/VSE
81
06 TCABMSCP PICTURE S9(4) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
05 TCABMSMN PICTURE X(8).
05 FILLER REDEFINES TCABMSMN.
06 TCABMSMA PICTURE S9(8) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
06 FILLER PICTURE X(4).
05 FILLER REDEFINES TCABMSMN.
06 TCAMSHDR PICTURE S9(8) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
06 FILLER PICTURE X(4).
05 FILLER REDEFINES TCABMSMN.
06 TCAMSRLA PICTURE S9(8) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
06 TCAMSRTI PICTURE S9(7) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL-3.
06 FILLER REDEFINES TCAMSRTI.
07 TCAMSTRL PICTURE S9(8) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
05 TCAMSMSN PICTURE X(8).
05 FILLER REDEFINES TCAMSMSN.
06 TCAMSMSA PICTURE S9(8) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
06 FILLER PICTURE X(4).
05 FILLER REDEFINES TCAMSMSN.
06 TCAMSTI PICTURE X(4).
06 FILLER PICTURE X.
06 TCAMSOC PICTURE XXX.
05 TCAMSLDM PICTURE XX.
05 TCAMSLDC PICTURE X.
05 TCAMSRID PICTURE XX.
05 FILLER PICTURE XXX.
05 TCAMSFMP PICTURE X(8).
05 FILLER PICTURE X(48).
04 FILLER REDEFINES TCACCCA.
05 TCASPTR PICTURE 9(4) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
05 FILLER PICTURE X(94).
04 FILLER REDEFINES TCACCCA.
05 TCADLIO PICTURE S9(8) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
05 FILLER REDEFINES TCADLIO.
06 FILLER PICTURE X.
06 TCADLTR PICTURE X.
88 FCDLINA VALUE ″″ .
88 FCPSBSCH VALUE ″″ .
88 FCPSBNF VALUE ″″ .
88 FCTASKNA VALUE ″″ .
88 FCPSBNA VALUE ″ ″.
88 FCLANGCON VALUE ″″ .
88 FCPSBFAIL VALUE ″ ″ .
88 FCFUNCNS VALUE ″ ; ″ .
88 FCTERMNS VALUE ″ ′ ″ .
06 FILLER PICTURE X(2).
05 TCADLPCB PICTURE S9(8) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
05 TCADLPSB PICTURE X(8).
05 TCADLSSA PICTURE S9(8) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
05 TCADLPAR PICTURE S9(8) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
05 TCADLECB PICTURE S9(8) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
05 FILLER REDEFINES TCADLECB.
Figure 9 (Part 9 of 13). ABJIVP03 - Source Program
82
Migration to COBOL/VSE
00042466
00042472
00042478
00042484
00042490
00042496
00042502
00042508
00042514
00042520
00042526
00042532
00042538
00042544
00042550
00042556
00042562
00042568
00042574
00042580
00042586
00042592
00042598
00042604
00042610
00042616
00042622
00042628
00042634
00042640
00042646
00042652
00042658
00042664
00042670
00042676
00042682
00042688
00042694
00042700
00042706
00042712
00042718
00042724
00042730
00042736
00042742
00042748
00042754
00042760
00042766
06 TCADLLAN PICTURE X(4).
05 TCADLFUN PICTURE X(4).
05 FILLER PICTURE X(64).
04 FILLER.
05 TCATRF1 PICTURE S9(8) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
05 FILLER REDEFINES TCATRF1.
06 TCATRF1H PICTURE 9(4) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
06 FILLER PICTURE X(2).
05 FILLER REDEFINES TCATRF1.
06 TCATRF1F PICTURE S9(8) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
05 FILLER REDEFINES TCATRF1.
06 TCATRF1C PICTURE X(4).
05 FILLER REDEFINES TCATRF1.
06 TCATRF1P PICTURE 9(7) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL-3.
05 FILLER REDEFINES TCATRF1.
06 TCATRF1A PICTURE X.
06 FILLER PICTURE X(3).
05 TCATRF2 PICTURE S9(8) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
05 FILLER REDEFINES TCATRF2.
06 TCATRF2H PICTURE 9(4) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
06 FILLER PICTURE X(2).
05 FILLER REDEFINES TCATRF2.
06 TCATRF2F PICTURE S9(8) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
05 FILLER REDEFINES TCATRF2.
06 TCATRF2C PICTURE X(4).
05 FILLER REDEFINES TCATRF2.
06 TCATRF2P PICTURE 9(7) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL-3.
05 FILLER REDEFINES TCATRF2.
06 TCATRF2A PICTURE X.
06 FILLER PICTURE X(3).
05 TCATRRI PICTURE 9(4) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
05 TCATRRI1 PICTURE 9(4) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
05 FILLER PICTURE X(4).
05 TCAJCAAD PICTURE S9(8) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
05 TCAATAC PICTURE S9(8) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
03 FILLER.
04 TCACSPE PICTURE XXXX.
04 TCANXTID PICTURE X(4).
01 PCB-ADDR.
02 PCB1-ADDR PIC S9(8) COMP.
01 PCB1.
02 DBD-NAME PIC X(8).
02 SEG-LEVEL PIC XX.
02 STATUS-CODE PIC XX.
02 PROC-OPTIONS PIC X(4).
02 RESERVE-DLI PIC S9(5) COMP.
02 SEG-NAME-FB PIC X(8).
02 LENGTH-FB-KEY PIC S9(5) COMP.
02 NUMB-SENS-SEGS PIC S9(5) COMP.
02 KEY-FB-AREA PIC X(30).
01 MAP11I COPY ABJCQOUT.
00042772
00042778
00042784
00042790
00042796
00042802
00042808
00042814
00042820
00042826
00042832
00042838
00042844
00042850
00042856
00042862
00042868
00042874
00042880
00042886
00042892
00042898
00042904
00042910
00042916
00042922
00042928
00042934
00042940
00042946
00042952
00042958
00042964
00042970
00042976
00042982
00042988
00042994
00043000
00044000
00045000
00046000
00047000
00048000
00049000
00050000
00051000
00052000
00053000
00054000
00055000
Figure 9 (Part 10 of 13). ABJIVP03 - Source Program
Chapter 6. CCCA/VSE
83
01 MAP12I COPY ABJERRMP.
00056000
01 MAP13I COPY ABJCIOUT.
00057000
PROCEDURE DIVISION.
00058000
MOVE CSACDTA TO TCACBAR.
3
00059000
EXEC CICS HANDLE CONDITION ERROR(ERRORS) MAPFAIL(CIDL)
00060000
OVERFLOW(PAGE-OVERFLOW) END-EXEC.
00061000
EXEC CICS RECEIVE MAP(″MAP1″) MAPSET(″CINQIN″) END-EXEC.
00062000
IF CUSTNOI = SPACES OR CUSTNOL = +0000
00063000
MOVE ″CUSTOMER″ TO ERRNAMEO
00064000
MOVE SPACES TO ERRNOO GO TO ERR-MSG.
00065000
MOVE ″PSBCLIG″ TO PSBNAME.
00066000
CALL ″CBLTDLI″ USING PCB PSBNAME.
00067000
IF TCAFCRC NOT EQUAL TO ″″ GO TO INTERFACE-ERROR.
00068000
MOVE TCADLPCB TO PCB-LIST-PTR.
4
00069000
MOVE PCB1-ADDR TO PCB1-PTR.
5
00070000
MOVE CUSTNOI TO SSA1KEY.
00071000
MOVE CHECKNOI TO SSA2KEY.
00072000
MOVE LOANNOI TO SSA3KEY.
00073000
IF SSA2KEY NOT = LOW-VALUE GO TO CHECK-PROC.
00074000
IF SSA3KEY NOT = LOW-VALUE GO TO LOAN-PROC.
00075000
CALL ″CBLTDLI″ USING GU PCB1 DLIO SSA1.
00076000
IF TCAFCRC NOT EQUAL TO ″″ GO TO INTERFACE-ERROR.
00077000
IF STATUS-CODE = ″ ″ GO TO GU-OK.
00078000
IF STATUS-CODE = ″GE″ MOVE ″CUSTOMER″ TO ERRNAMEO
00079000
MOVE CUSTNOI TO ERRNOO
00080000
GO TO ERR-MSG.
00081000
GO TO ERROR1.
00082000
CHECK-PROC.
00083000
MOVE CHECKNOI TO SSA2KEY.
00084000
CALL ″CBLTDLI″ USING GU PCB1 DLIO SSA1 SSA2.
00085000
IF TCAFCRC NOT = ″″ GO TO INTERFACE-ERROR.
00086000
IF STATUS-CODE = ″ ″ GO TO GU-OK.
00087000
IF STATUS-CODE = ″GE″ MOVE ″CHECK″ TO ERRNAMEO
00088000
MOVE CHECKNOI TO ERRNOO
00089000
GO TO ERR-MSG.
00090000
LOAN-PROC.
00091000
MOVE LOANNOI TO SSA3KEY.
00092000
CALL ″CBLTDLI″ USING GU PCB1 DLIO SSA1 SSA3.
00093000
IF TCAFCRC NOT = ″″ GO TO INTERFACE-ERROR.
00094000
IF STATUS-CODE = ″ ″ GO TO GU-OK.
00095000
IF STATUS-CODE = ″GE″ MOVE ″LOAN″ TO ERRNAMEO
00096000
MOVE LOANNOI TO ERRNOO
00097000
GO TO ERR-MSG.
00098000
GU-OK.
00099000
MOVE 1 TO PAGE-OVERFLOW-CTR.
00100000
EXEC CICS GETMAIN SET(CINQOUT-PTR) LENGTH(96) END-EXEC. 600101000
EXEC CICS SEND MAP(″MAP11″) MAPSET(″CINQOUT″) ACCUM
00102000
ERASE PAGING FRSET FREEKB END-EXEC.
00103000
PAGE-BUILD.
00104000
MOVE SEG-NAME-FB TO SEGNAMEO.
00105000
MOVE DLIO TO SEGCONTO.
00106000
Figure 9 (Part 11 of 13). ABJIVP03 - Source Program
84
Migration to COBOL/VSE
SEND-MAP2.
00107000
MOVE 2 TO PAGE-OVERFLOW-CTR.
00108000
EXEC CICS SEND MAP(″MAP21″) MAPSET(″CINQOUT″) ACCUM
00109000
PAGING FRSET FREEKB END-EXEC.
00110000
GNP-LOOP.
00111000
CALL ″CBLTDLI″ USING GNP PCB1 DLIO.
00112000
IF TCAFCRC NOT = ″″ GO TO INTERFACE-ERROR.
00113000
IF STATUS-CODE = ″ ″ OR STATUS-CODE = ″GA″
00114000
OR STATUS-CODE = ″GK″ GO TO PAGE-BUILD.
00115000
IF STATUS-CODE = ″GE″ OR STATUS-CODE = ″GB″
00116000
GO TO END-GNP-LOOP.
00117000
GO TO ERROR1.
00118000
END-GNP-LOOP.
00119000
EXEC CICS SEND MAP(″MAP31″) MAPSET(″CINQOUT″) ACCUM
00120000
PAGING FRSET FREEKB END-EXEC.
00121000
EXEC CICS SEND MAP(″MAP41″) MAPSET(″CINQOUT″) ACCUM
00122000
PAGING FRSET FREEKB END-EXEC.
00123000
PAGE-OUT.
00124000
EXEC CICS SEND PAGE NOAUTOPAGE END-EXEC.
00125000
END-PROG.
00126000
PROG-RETURN.
00127000
CALL ″CBLTDLI″ USING TERM.
00128000
EXEC CICS RETURN TRANSID(″CINQ″) END-EXEC.
00129000
ERRORS.
00130000
PERFORM SAVE-INFO.
00131000
EXEC CICS DUMP DUMPCODE(″ERRS″) END-EXEC.
00132000
GO TO PROG-RETURN.
00133000
CIDL.
00134000
EXEC CICS GETMAIN SET(CIDLOUT-PTR) LENGTH(12) END-EXEC. 7 00135000
MOVE LOW-VALUE TO MAP13O.
00136000
EXEC CICS SEND MAP(″MAP13″) MAPSET(″CIDLOUT″) ERASE END-EXEC.00137000
EXEC CICS RETURN END-EXEC.
00138000
PAGE-OVERFLOW.
00139000
EXEC CICS SEND MAP(″MAP41″) MAPSET(″CINQOUT″) ACCUM
00140000
PAGING FREEKB END-EXEC.
00141000
EXEC CICS SEND MAP(″MAP11″) MAPSET(″CINQOUT″) ACCUM
00142000
ERASE PAGING FRSET FREEKB END-EXEC.
00143000
GO TO GU-OK SEND-MAP2 DEPENDING ON PAGE-OVERFLOW-CTR.
00144000
ERR-MSG.
00145000
EXEC CICS SEND MAP(″MAP1″) MAPSET(″CINQIN″) ACCUM
00146000
PAGING FREEKB END-EXEC.
00147000
EXEC CICS SEND MAP(″MAP2″) MAPSET(″CINQIN″) ACCUM
00148000
PAGING FREEKB END-EXEC.
00149000
EXEC CICS SEND PAGE END-EXEC.
00150000
GO TO END-PROG.
00151000
INTERFACE-ERROR.
00152000
MOVE TCAFCRC TO SAVE-TCAFCRC.
00153000
MOVE TCADLTR TO SAVE-TCADLTR.
00154000
PERFORM SAVE-INFO.
00155000
EXEC CICS DUMP DUMPCODE(″INTE″) END-EXEC.
00156000
EXEC CICS GETMAIN SET(ERRORMP-PTR) LENGTH(85) END-EXEC. 8 00157000
Figure 9 (Part 12 of 13). ABJIVP03 - Source Program
Chapter 6. CCCA/VSE
85
MOVE ″*** INTERFACE ERROR. DUMP IN PROGRESS.***″ TO ERRMSGO.
EXEC CICS SEND MAP(″MAP12″) MAPSET(″ERRORMP″) ACCUM
PAGING FREEKB END-EXEC.
GO TO CIDL.
ERROR1.
PERFORM SAVE-INFO.
EXEC CICS DUMP DUMPCODE(″ERRO″) END-EXEC.
EXEC CICS GETMAIN SET(ERRORMP-PTR) LENGTH(85) END-EXEC. 9
MOVE ″*** DL/1 CALL ERROR. DUMP IN PROGRESS.***″ TO ERRMSGO.
EXEC CICS SEND MAP(″MAP12″) MAPSET(″ERRORMP″) ACCUM
PAGING FREEKB END-EXEC.
GO TO CIDL.
SAVE-INFO.
MOVE STATUS-CODE TO SAVE-STATUS-CODE.
MOVE TCACCCA TO SAVE-TCACCCA.
END-PGM.
STOP RUN.
Figure 9 (Part 13 of 13). ABJIVP03 - Source Program
86
Migration to COBOL/VSE
00158000
00159000
00160000
00161000
00162000
00163000
00164000
00165000
00166000
00167000
00168000
00169000
00170000
00171000
00172000
00173000
00174000
6.3.3.2 Output Program from CCCA/VSE Conversion
CBL QUOTE
000010 ID DIVISION.
000020 PROGRAM-ID. ABJIVP03.
000030*
PROGRAM CONVERTED BY
000040*
COBOL CONVERSION AID PO 5785-ABJ
000050*
CONVERSION DATE 02/05/97 10:09:39.
000060 ENVIRONMENT DIVISION.
000070 DATA DIVISION.
000080 WORKING-STORAGE SECTION.
000090 77 LCP-WS-ADDR-COMP
PIC S9(8) COMP.
1
000100 77 LCP-WS-ADDR-PNTR
REDEFINES LCP-WS-ADDR-COMP
000110
USAGE POINTER.
000120 77 PCB
PIC X(4) VALUE ″PCB ″ .
000130 77 GN
PIC X(4) VALUE ″GN ″ .
000140 77 GU
PIC X(4) VALUE ″GU ″ .
000150 77 GNP
PIC X(4) VALUE ″GNP ″ .
000160 77 TERM
PIC X(4) VALUE ″TERM″ .
000170 77 SAVE-TCAFCRC PIC X VALUE SPACE.
000180 77 SAVE-TCADLTR PIC X VALUE SPACE.
000190 77 SAVE-STATUS-CODE PIC XX VALUE SPACES.
000200 01 SAVE-TCACCCA PIC X(32) VALUE SPACES.
000210 **** No Change - same as source ********************
.
.
.
001230 01 SSA3.
001240
02 FILLER PIC X(19) VALUE ″PRET
(PRENUM =″ .
001250
02 SSA3KEY PIC X(6).
001260
02 FILLER PIC X VALUE ″ ) ″ .
001270 01 MAP1I. COPY ABJCQIN REPLACING ==01 MAP1I.== BY ====.
001280 LINKAGE SECTION.
001290*01 DFHBLLDS SYNCHRONIZED.
2
001300* 02 BLLCBAR PICTURE XXXX.
001310* 02 CSACBAR PICTURE XXXX.
001320* 02 CSAOPBAR PICTURE S9(8) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
001330* 02 TCACBAR PICTURE S9(8) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
001340*
02 PCB-LIST-PTR PIC S9(8) COMP.
001350*
02 PCB1-PTR PIC S9(8) COMP.
001360*
02 CINQOUT-PTR PIC S9(8) COMP.
001370*
02 ERRORMP-PTR PIC S9(8) COMP.
001380*
02 CIDLOUT-PTR PIC S9(8) COMP.
001390 01 DFHCSADS SYNCHRONIZED.
001400 **** No Change - same as source ********************
.
.
.
005140 01 MAP11I. COPY ABJCQOUT REPLACING ==01 MAP11I.== BY ====.
005150 01 MAP12I. COPY ABJERRMP REPLACING ==01 MAP12I.== BY ====.
005160 01 MAP13I. COPY ABJCIOUT REPLACING ==01 MAP13I.== BY ====.
00001000
00002000
00003000
00004000
00005000
00006000
00007000
00008000
00009000
00010000
00011000
00012000
00013000
00014000
00015000
00029000
00030000
00031000
00032000
00033000
00034000
00035000
00035200
00035400
00035600
00035800
00036000
00037000
00038000
00039000
00040000
00041000
00055000
00056000
00057000
Figure 10 (Part 1 of 3). ABJIVP03 - Converted Program
Chapter 6. CCCA/VSE
87
005170 PROCEDURE DIVISION.
00058000
005180
MOVE CSACDTA TO LCP-WS-ADDR-COMP
3
00059000
005190
SET ADDRESS OF DFHTCA TO LCP-WS-ADDR-PNTR.
005200
EXEC CICS HANDLE CONDITION ERROR(ERRORS) MAPFAIL(CIDL)
00060000
005210
OVERFLOW(PAGE-OVERFLOW) END-EXEC.
00061000
005220
EXEC CICS RECEIVE MAP(″MAP1″) MAPSET(″CINQIN″) END-EXEC.
00062000
005230
IF CUSTNOI = SPACES OR CUSTNOL = +0000
00063000
005240
MOVE ″CUSTOMER″ TO ERRNAMEO
00064000
005250
MOVE SPACES TO ERRNOO GO TO ERR-MSG.
00065000
005260
MOVE ″PSBCLIG″ TO PSBNAME.
00066000
005270
CALL ″CBLTDLI″ USING PCB PSBNAME.
00067000
005280
IF TCAFCRC NOT EQUAL TO ″″ GO TO INTERFACE-ERROR.
00068000
005290
MOVE TCADLPCB TO LCP-WS-ADDR-COMP
4
00069000
005300
SET ADDRESS OF PCB-ADDR TO LCP-WS-ADDR-PNTR.
005310
MOVE PCB1-ADDR TO LCP-WS-ADDR-COMP
5
00070000
005320
SET ADDRESS OF PCB1 TO LCP-WS-ADDR-PNTR.
005330
MOVE CUSTNOI TO SSA1KEY.
00071000
005340
MOVE CHECKNOI TO SSA2KEY.
00072000
005350
MOVE LOANNOI TO SSA3KEY.
00073000
005360 **** No Change - same as source ********************
.
.
.
005610 GU-OK.
00099000
005620
MOVE 1 TO PAGE-OVERFLOW-CTR.
00100000
005630
EXEC CICS GETMAIN SET(ADDRESS OF MAP11I) LENGTH(96) END-EXEC.00101000 6
005640
EXEC CICS SEND MAP(″MAP11″) MAPSET(″CINQOUT″) ACCUM
00102000
005650
ERASE PAGING FRSET FREEKB END-EXEC.
00103000
005660 **** No Change - same as source ********************
.
.
.
005960 CIDL.
00134000
005970
EXEC CICS GETMAIN SET(ADDRESS OF MAP13I) LENGTH(12) END-EXEC.00135000 7
005980
MOVE LOW-VALUE TO MAP13O.
00136000
005990
EXEC CICS SEND MAP(″MAP13″) MAPSET(″CIDLOUT″) ERASE END-EXEC.00137000
006000
EXEC CICS RETURN END-EXEC.
00138000
006010 **** No Change - same as source ********************
.
.
.
006140 INTERFACE-ERROR.
00152000
006150
MOVE TCAFCRC TO SAVE-TCAFCRC.
00153000
006160
MOVE TCADLTR TO SAVE-TCADLTR.
00154000
006170
PERFORM SAVE-INFO.
00155000
006180
EXEC CICS DUMP DUMPCODE(″INTE″) END-EXEC.
00156000
006190
EXEC CICS GETMAIN SET(ADDRESS OF MAP12I) LENGTH(85) END-EXEC.00157000 8
006200
MOVE ″*** INTERFACE ERROR. DUMP IN PROGRESS.***″ TO ERRMSGO. 00158000
006210
EXEC CICS SEND MAP(″MAP12″) MAPSET(″ERRORMP″) ACCUM
00159000
006220
PAGING FREEKB END-EXEC.
00160000
006230
GO TO CIDL.
00161000
Figure 10 (Part 2 of 3). ABJIVP03 - Converted Program
88
Migration to COBOL/VSE
006240
006250
006260
006270
006280
006290
006300
006310
006320
006330
006340
006350
006360
006370
ERROR1.
00162000
PERFORM SAVE-INFO.
00163000
EXEC CICS DUMP DUMPCODE(″ERRO″) END-EXEC.
00164000
EXEC CICS GETMAIN SET(ADDRESS OF MAP12I) LENGTH(85) END-EXEC.00165000 9
MOVE ″*** DL/1 CALL ERROR. DUMP IN PROGRESS.***″ TO ERRMSGO. 00166000
EXEC CICS SEND MAP(″MAP12″) MAPSET(″ERRORMP″) ACCUM
00167000
PAGING FREEKB END-EXEC.
00168000
GO TO CIDL.
00169000
SAVE-INFO.
00170000
MOVE STATUS-CODE TO SAVE-STATUS-CODE.
00171000
MOVE TCACCCA TO SAVE-TCACCCA.
00172000
END-PGM.
00173000
STOP RUN.
00174000
END PROGRAM ABJIVP03.
Figure 10 (Part 3 of 3). ABJIVP03 - Converted Program
Chapter 6. CCCA/VSE
89
6.3.3.3 CCCA/VSE Diagnostic Report
5785-CCC R1.0
- IBM
COBOL CONVERSION AID SEQNBR-A 1 B.. ... 2 ... ... COBOL SOURCE STATEMENTS
SAMPLE RUN
ABJIVP03
05 FEB 1997 10:09:49 PAGE 1
... 6 ... ... 7 .IDENTFCN OLD/SQ S MSGID SEV --- D I A G N O S T I C S ---
CBL QUOTE
000010 ID DIVISION.
000020 PROGRAM-ID. ABJIVP03.
000030*
PROGRAM CONVERTED BY
000040*
COBOL CONVERSION AID PO 5785-ABJ
000050*
CONVERSION DATE 02/05/97 10:09:39.
000060 ENVIRONMENT DIVISION.
000070 DATA DIVISION.
000080 WORKING-STORAGE SECTION.
000090 77 LCP-WS-ADDR-COMP
PIC S9(8) COMP.
1
000100 77 LCP-WS-ADDR-PNTR
REDEFINES LCP-WS-ADDR-COMP
000110
USAGE POINTER.
000120 77 PCB
PIC X(4) VALUE ″ PCB ″ .
000130 77 GN
PIC X(4) VALUE ″ GN ″ .
000140 77 GU
PIC X(4) VALUE ″ GU ″ .
000150 77 GNP
PIC X(4) VALUE ″ GNP ″ .
000160 77 TERM
PIC X(4) VALUE ″ TERM″ .
000170 77 SAVE-TCAFCRC PIC X VALUE SPACE.
000180 77 SAVE-TCADLTR PIC X VALUE SPACE.
000190 77 SAVE-STATUS-CODE PIC XX VALUE SPACES.
000200 01 SAVE-TCACCCA PIC X(32) VALUE SPACES.
000210 01 PAGE-OVERFLOW-CTR PIC S9(4) COMP.
000220 01
DFHBMSCA.
000230
02
DFHBMPEM PICTURE X
VALUE IS ″ ″ .
000240
02
DFHBMPNL PICTURE X
VALUE IS ″ ″ .
000250
02
DFHBMASK PICTURE X
VALUE IS ″ 0 ″ .
000260
02
DFHBMUNP PICTURE X
VALUE IS ″ ″ .
000270
02
DFHBMUNN PICTURE X
VALUE IS ″&″.
000280
02
DFHBMPRO PICTURE X
VALUE IS ″ -″ .
000290
02
DFHBMBRY PICTURE X
VALUE IS ″ H″ .
000300
02
DFHBMDAR PICTURE X
VALUE IS ″ < ″ .
000310
02
DFHBMFSE PICTURE X
VALUE IS ″ A″ .
000320
02
DFHBMPRF PICTURE X
VALUE IS ″ / ″ .
000330
02
DFHBMASF PICTURE X
VALUE IS ″ 1 ″ .
000340
02
DFHBMASB PICTURE X
VALUE IS ″ 8 ″ .
000350
02
DFHBMEOF PICTURE X
VALUE IS ″ Ø″ .
000360
02
DFHBMDET PICTURE X
VALUE IS ″ ″ .
000370
02
DFHSA
PICTURE X
VALUE IS ″ ″ .
000380
02
DFHCOLOR PICTURE X
VALUE IS ″ â″ .
000390
02
DFHPS
PICTURE X
VALUE IS ″ ä″ .
000400
02
DFHHLT
PICTURE X
VALUE IS ″ ″ .
000410
02
DFH3270
PICTURE X
VALUE IS ″ { ″ .
000420
02
DFHVAL
PICTURE X
VALUE IS ″ A″ .
000430
02
DFHALL
PICTURE X
VALUE IS ″ ″ .
000440
02
DFHERROR PICTURE X
VALUE IS ″ ″ .
000450
02
DFHDFT
PICTURE X
VALUE IS ″ ″ .
000460
02
DFHDFCOL PICTURE X
VALUE IS ″ ″ .
000470
02
DFHBLUE
PICTURE X
VALUE IS ″ 1 ″ .
000480
02
DFHRED
PICTURE X
VALUE IS ″ 2 ″ .
000490
02
DFHPINK
PICTURE X
VALUE IS ″ 3 ″ .
000500
02
DFHGREEN PICTURE X
VALUE IS ″ 4 ″ .
000510
02
DFHTURQ
PICTURE X
VALUE IS ″ 5 ″ .
000520
02
DFHYELLO PICTURE X
VALUE IS ″ 6 ″ .
00001000
00002000
00003000
00004000
00005000
00006000
00007000
00008000
00009000
00010000
00011000
00012000
00013000
00014000
00015000
00016000
00017000
00017020
00017040
00017060
00017080
00017100
00017120
00017140
00017160
00017180
00017200
00017220
00017240
00017260
00017280
00017300
00017320
00017340
00017360
00017380
00017400
00017420
00017440
00017460
00017480
00017500
00017520
00017540
00017560
00017580
00017600
Figure 11 (Part 1 of 16). ABJIVP03 - CCCA/VSE Diagnostics Report
90
Migration to COBOL/VSE
CBL Q
ABJ6212 00 WORKING POINTER FOR CICS
ADDED TO WORKING STORAGE
5785-CCC R1.0
- IBM
COBOL CONVERSION AID SEQNBR-A 1 B.. ... 2 ... ... COBOL SOURCE STATEMENTS
000530
02
000540
02
000550
02
000560
02
000570
02
000580
02
000590
02
000600
02
000610
02
000620
02
000630
02
000640
02
000650
02
000660
02
000670
02
000680
02
000690
02
000700
02
000710
02
000720
02
000730
000740 01
000750
02
000760
02
000770
02
000780
02
000790
02
000800
02
000810
02
000820
02
000830
02
000840
02
000850
02
000860
02
000870
02
000880
02
000890
02
000900
02
000910
02
000920
02
000930
02
000940
02
000950
02
000960
02
000970
02
000980
02
000990
02
001000
02
001010
02
001020
02
001030
02
001040
02
001050
02
DFHNEUTR
DFHBASE
DFHDFHI
DFHBLINK
DFHREVRS
DFHUNDLN
DFHMFIL
DFHMENT
DFHMFE
DFHUNNOD
DFHUNIMD
DFHUNNUM
DFHUNINT
DFHUNNON
DFHPROTI
DFHPROTN
DFHMT
DFHMFT
DFHMET
DFHMFET
DFHAID.
DFHNULL
DFHENTER
DFHCLEAR
DFHCLRP
DFHPEN
DFHOPID
DFHMSRE
DFHSTRF
DFHTRIG
DFHPA1
DFHPA2
DFHPA3
DFHPF1
DFHPF2
DFHPF3
DFHPF4
DFHPF5
DFHPF6
DFHPF7
DFHPF8
DFHPF9
DFHPF10
DFHPF11
DFHPF12
DFHPF13
DFHPF14
DFHPF15
DFHPF16
DFHPF17
DFHPF18
DFHPF19
PICTURE
PICTURE
PICTURE
PICTURE
PICTURE
PICTURE
PICTURE
PICTURE
PICTURE
PICTURE
PICTURE
PICTURE
PICTURE
PICTURE
PICTURE
PICTURE
PICTURE
PICTURE
PICTURE
PICTURE
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
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X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
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VALUE
VALUE
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VALUE
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VALUE
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VALUE
VALUE
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VALUE
VALUE
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VALUE
VALUE
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VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
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VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
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IS
IS
IS
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IS
IS
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IS
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IS
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IS
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IS
IS
IS
IS
IS
IS
IS
IS
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″″ .
QUOTE.
″_″.
″]″.
″=″.
″ W″ .
″ X″ .
″ h″ .
″″″″.
″%″.
″>″.
″,″.
″1″.
″2″.
″3″.
″4″.
″5″.
″6″.
″7″.
″8″.
″9″.
″:″.
″#″.
″ @″ .
″ A″ .
″ B″ .
″ C″ .
″ D″ .
″ E″ .
″ F″ .
″ G″ .
″7″.
″″ .
″″ .
″1″.
″2″.
″4″.
″″ .
″″ .
″ ″.
″(″.
″ I″ .
″ J″ .
″ R″ .
″)″.
″ Y″ .
″%″.
″″ .
″
″″ .
″′″.
SAMPLE RUN
ABJIVP03
05 FEB 1997 10:09:49 PAGE 2
... 6 ... ... 7 .IDENTFCN OLD/SQ S MSGID SEV --- D I A G N O S T I C S ---
″.
00017620
00017640
00017660
00017680
00017700
00017720
00017740
00017760
00017780
00017800
00017820
00017840
00017860
00017880
00017900
00017920
00017940
00017960
00017980
00018000
00018020
00018040
00018060
00018080
00018100
00018120
00018140
00018160
00018180
00018200
00018220
00018240
00018260
00018280
00018300
00018320
00018340
00018360
00018380
00018400
00018420
00018440
00018460
00018490
00018520
00018550
00018580
00018610
00018640
00018670
00018700
00018730
00018760
Figure 11 (Part 2 of 16). ABJIVP03 - CCCA/VSE Diagnostics Report
Chapter 6. CCCA/VSE
91
5785-CCC R1.0
- IBM
COBOL CONVERSION AID SEQNBR-A 1 B.. ... 2 ... ... COBOL SOURCE STATEMENTS
001060
001070
001080
001090
001100
001110
001120
001130
001140
001150
001160
001170
001180
001190
001200
001210
001220
001230
001240
001250
001260
*OLD**
001270
000010
000020
000030
000040
000050
000060
000070
000080
000090
000100
000110
000120
000130
000140
000150
000160
000170
000180
000190
000200
000210
000220
000230
000240
000250
000260
000270
000280
000290
000300
02
02
02
02
02
01
01
01
01
01
01
01
01
01
DFHPF20
DFHPF21
DFHPF22
DFHPF23
DFHPF24
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
X
X
X
X
X
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
VALUE
IS
IS
IS
IS
IS
SAMPLE RUN
ABJIVP03
05 FEB 1997 10:09:49 PAGE 3
... 6 ... ... 7 .IDENTFCN OLD/SQ S MSGID SEV --- D I A G N O S T I C S ---
″ H″ .
″ I″ .
″ ¢″ .
″.″.
″<″.
PSBNAME PIC X(8).
DLIO PIC X(70).
SSA1.
02 FILLER PIC X(19) VALUE ″ ID
02 SSA1KEY PIC X(5).
02 FILLER PIC X VALUE ″ ) ″ .
SSA2.
02 FILLER PIC X(19) VALUE ″ CHEQUE
02 SSA2KEY PIC X(5).
02 FILLER PIC X VALUE ″ ) ″ .
SSA3.
02 FILLER PIC X(19) VALUE ″ PRET
02 SSA3KEY PIC X(6).
02 FILLER PIC X VALUE ″ ) ″ .
MAP1I COPY ABJCQIN.
MAP1I. COPY ABJCQIN REPLACING ==01
MAP1I.
02 FILLER PIC X(12).
02 TITLEL
COMP PIC S9(4).
02 TITLEF
PICTURE X.
02 FILLER REDEFINES TITLEF.
03 TITLEA
PICTURE X.
02 TITLEI PIC X(35).
02 CUSTNOL
COMP PIC S9(4).
02 CUSTNOF
PICTURE X.
02 FILLER REDEFINES CUSTNOF.
03 CUSTNOA
PICTURE X.
02 CUSTNOI PIC X(5).
02 CHECKNOL
COMP PIC S9(4).
02 CHECKNOF
PICTURE X.
02 FILLER REDEFINES CHECKNOF.
03 CHECKNOA
PICTURE X.
02 CHECKNOI PIC X(5).
02 LOANNOL
COMP PIC S9(4).
02 LOANNOF
PICTURE X.
02 FILLER REDEFINES LOANNOF.
03 LOANNOA
PICTURE X.
02 LOANNOI PIC X(6).
MAP1O REDEFINES MAP1I.
02 FILLER PIC X(12).
02 FILLER PICTURE X(3).
02 TITLEO PIC X(35).
02 FILLER PICTURE X(3).
02 CUSTNOO PIC X(5).
02 FILLER PICTURE X(3).
02 CHECKNOO PIC X(5).
(NUM
=″ .
(COMPTE
=″ .
(PRENUM
=″ .
MAP1I.== BY ====.
00018790
00018820
00018850
00018880
00018910
00018940
00018970
00019000
00020000
00021000
00022000
00023000
00024000
00025000
00026000
00027000
00028000
00029000
00030000
00031000
00032000
00033000
00033000
Figure 11 (Part 3 of 16). ABJIVP03 - CCCA/VSE Diagnostics Report
92
Migration to COBOL/VSE
ABJ6088 00 LANGLEVEL 1 COPY IS CHANGED
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
5785-CCC R1.0
- IBM
COBOL CONVERSION AID SEQNBR-A 1 B.. ... 2 ... ... COBOL SOURCE STATEMENTS
SAMPLE RUN
ABJIVP03
05 FEB 1997 10:09:49 PAGE 4
... 6 ... ... 7 .IDENTFCN OLD/SQ S MSGID SEV --- D I A G N O S T I C S ---
000310
02 FILLER PICTURE X(3).
000320
02 LOANNOO PIC X(6).
000330 01 MAP2I.
000340
02 FILLER PIC X(12).
000350
02 ERRNAMEL
COMP PIC S9(4).
000360
02 ERRNAMEF
PICTURE X.
000370
02 FILLER REDEFINES ERRNAMEF.
000380
03 ERRNAMEA
PICTURE X.
000390
02 ERRNAMEI PIC X(8).
000400
02 ERRNOL
COMP PIC S9(4).
000410
02 ERRNOF
PICTURE X.
000420
02 FILLER REDEFINES ERRNOF.
000430
03 ERRNOA
PICTURE X.
000440
02 ERRNOI PIC X(6).
000450 01 MAP2O REDEFINES MAP2I.
000460
02 FILLER PIC X(12).
000470
02 FILLER PICTURE X(3).
000480
02 ERRNAMEO PIC X(8).
000490
02 FILLER PICTURE X(3).
000500
02 ERRNOO PIC X(6).
001280 LINKAGE SECTION.
*OLD** 01 DFHBLLDS SYNCHRONIZED.
2
001290*01 DFHBLLDS SYNCHRONIZED.
*OLD**
02 BLLCBAR PICTURE XXXX.
001300* 02 BLLCBAR PICTURE XXXX.
*OLD**
02 CSACBAR PICTURE XXXX.
001310* 02 CSACBAR PICTURE XXXX.
*OLD**
02 CSAOPBAR PICTURE S9(8) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
001320* 02 CSAOPBAR PICTURE S9(8) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
*OLD**
02 TCACBAR PICTURE S9(8) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
001330* 02 TCACBAR PICTURE S9(8) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
*OLD**
02 PCB-LIST-PTR PIC S9(8) COMP.
001340*
02 PCB-LIST-PTR PIC S9(8) COMP.
*OLD**
02 PCB1-PTR PIC S9(8) COMP.
001350*
02 PCB1-PTR PIC S9(8) COMP.
*OLD**
02 CINQOUT-PTR PIC S9(8) COMP.
001360*
02 CINQOUT-PTR PIC S9(8) COMP.
*OLD**
02 ERRORMP-PTR PIC S9(8) COMP.
001370*
02 ERRORMP-PTR PIC S9(8) COMP.
*OLD**
02 CIDLOUT-PTR PIC S9(8) COMP.
001380*
02 CIDLOUT-PTR PIC S9(8) COMP.
001390 01 DFHCSADS SYNCHRONIZED.
001400
02 CSAFILLER PICTURE X(512).
001410
02 FILLER1 REDEFINES CSAFILLER.
001420
03 FILLER.
001430
04 FILLER PICTURE X(76).
001440
04 CSACDTA PICTURE S9(8) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
001450
04 CSATODP PICTURE S9(7) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL-3.
001460
04 FILLER PICTURE X(12).
001470
04 CSACTODB PICTURE S9(8) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
001480
04 FILLER PICTURE X(24).
001490
04 CSAJYDP PICTURE 9(7) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL-3.
001500
04 FILLER PICTURE X(64).
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
00034000
00035000
00035000
00035200
00035200
00035400
00035400
00035600
00035600
00035800
00035800
00036000
00036000
00037000
00037000
00038000
00038000
00039000
00039000
00040000
00040000
00041000
00041005
00041010
00041015
00041020
00041025
00041030
00041035
00041040
00041045
00041050
00041055
ABJ6203 00 BLL′ S ARE REMOVED
Figure 11 (Part 4 of 16). ABJIVP03 - CCCA/VSE Diagnostics Report
Chapter 6. CCCA/VSE
93
5785-CCC R1.0
- IBM
COBOL CONVERSION AID SEQNBR-A 1 B.. ... 2 ... ... COBOL SOURCE STATEMENTS
SAMPLE RUN
ABJIVP03
05 FEB 1997 10:09:49 PAGE 5
... 6 ... ... 7 .IDENTFCN OLD/SQ S MSGID SEV --- D I A G N O S T I C S ---
001510
03 FILLER.
001520
04 FILLER PICTURE X(8).
001530
04 CSAOPFLA PICTURE S9(8) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
001540
04 FILLER PICTURE X(20).
001550
04 FILLER.
001560
05 CSAKCNAC PICTURE XXXX.
001570
05 CSASCNAC PICTURE XXXX.
001580
05 CSAPCNAC PICTURE XXXX.
001590
05 CSAICNAC PICTURE XXXX.
001600
05 CSADCNAC PICTURE XXXX.
001610
05 CSATCNAC PICTURE XXXX.
001620
05 CSAFCNAC PICTURE XXXX.
001630
05 CSATDNAC PICTURE XXXX.
001640
05 CSATSNAC PICTURE XXXX.
001650
05 CSASANAC PICTURE XXXX.
001660
05 CSATRNAC PICTURE XXXX.
001670
05 CSAPINAC PICTURE XXXX.
001680
05 FILLER PICTURE X(4).
001690
05 CSASPNAC PICTURE XXXX.
001700
05 CSATCRWE PICTURE XXXX.
001710
03 FILLER PICTURE X(215).
001720
03 CSAUTA1 PICTURE S9(5) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL-3.
001730
03 CSAUTA2 PICTURE S9(5) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL-3.
001740
03 CSAUTA3 PICTURE S9(5) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL-3.
001750
03 CSAUTA4 PICTURE S9(5) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL-3.
001760
03 FILLER PICTURE X(1).
001770*
ABOVE FILLER ADDED BY APAR PN26174
001780
001790
001800 01 DFHTCADS PICTURE X(64) SYNCHRONIZED.
001810 01 CSAOPFL REDEFINES DFHTCADS SYNCHRONIZED.
001820
02 CSAATP PICTURE XXXX.
001830
02 CSAATTCH PICTURE XXXX.
001840
02 CSADLI PICTURE XXXX.
001850
02 CSABFNAC PICTURE XXXX.
001860
02 CSABMS PICTURE XXXX.
001870
02 CSATMSVT PICTURE XXXX.
001880
02 CSAJCNA1 PICTURE XXXX.
001890
02 CSAJCNA2 PICTURE XXXX.
001900
02 CSASRNAC PICTURE XXXX.
001910
02 CSASRTBA PICTURE XXXX.
001920
02 CSAKPNAC PICTURE XXXX.
001930
02 CSAATMSP PICTURE XXXX.
001940
02 CSAXLTBA PICTURE XXXX.
001950
02 CSAJCTBA PICTURE XXXX.
001960 01 DFHTCA SYNCHRONIZED.
001970
02 FILLER.
001980
03 FILLER PICTURE X(8).
001990
03 TCAFCAAA PICTURE S9(8) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
002000
03 FILLER REDEFINES TCAFCAAA.
002010
04 TCAFCAA1 PICTURE X.
002020
04 FILLER PICTURE X(3).
002030
03 FILLER.
00041060
00041065
00041070
00041075
00041080
00041085
00041090
00041095
00041100
00041105
00041110
00041115
00041120
00041125
00041130
00041135
00041140
00041145
00041150
00041155
00041160
00041165
00041170
00041175
00041180
00041185
00041190
00041195
00041200
00041205
00041210
00041215
00041220
00041225
00041230
00041235
00041240
00041245
00041250
00041255
00041260
00041265
00041270
00041275
00041280
00041285
00041290
00041295
00041300
00041305
00041310
00041315
00041320
Figure 11 (Part 5 of 16). ABJIVP03 - CCCA/VSE Diagnostics Report
94
Migration to COBOL/VSE
5785-CCC R1.0
- IBM
COBOL CONVERSION AID SEQNBR-A 1 B.. ... 2 ... ... COBOL SOURCE STATEMENTS
002040
002050
002060
002070
002080
002090
002100
002110
002120
002130
002140
002150
002160
002170
002180
002190
002200
002210
002220
002230
002240
002250
002260
002270
002280
002290
002300
002310
002320
002330
002340
002350
002360
002370
002380
002390
002400
002410
002420
002430
002440
002450
002460
002470
002480
002490
002500
002510
002520
002530
002540
002550
002560
04
04
04
SAMPLE RUN
ABJIVP03
05 FEB 1997 10:09:49 PAGE 6
... 6 ... ... 7 .IDENTFCN OLD/SQ S MSGID SEV --- D I A G N O S T I C S ---
FILLER PICTURE X(8).
TCATCEA PICTURE S9(8) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
FILLER REDEFINES TCATCEA.
05 TCATCQA PICTURE S9(8) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
04 TCATCTR1 PICTURE 9(4) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
04 FILLER REDEFINES TCATCTR1.
05 TCATCEI PICTURE X.
05 TCATCTR PICTURE X.
04 FILLER REDEFINES TCATCTR1.
05 TCATCDC PICTURE X.
05 FILLER PICTURE X.
04 TCATCDP PICTURE X.
04 FILLER PICTURE X(5).
04 TCATCRS PICTURE X(60).
04 FILLER REDEFINES TCATCRS.
05 TCATCDP1 PICTURE 9(4) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
05 FILLER PICTURE X(58).
03 FILLER.
04 TCASCCA.
05 TCASCSA PICTURE S9(8) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
04 FILLER REDEFINES TCASCCA.
05 TCAFCTL PICTURE S9(8) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
04 FILLER REDEFINES TCASCCA.
05 TCASCTR PICTURE X.
05 TCASCIB PICTURE X.
05 TCASCNB PICTURE 9(4) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
04 FILLER REDEFINES TCASCCA.
05 TCASCRI PICTURE 9(4) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
05 FILLER PICTURE X(2).
04 TCAFCTL1 PICTURE S9(8) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
04 FILLER PICTURE X(28).
03 FILLER.
04 TCACCCA.
05 TCACCCA1 PICTURE X(32).
05 TCACCRS1 PICTURE X(56).
05 TCACCSV1 PICTURE S9(4) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
05 TCACCRSV PICTURE XX.
05 TCACCSV2 PICTURE XXXX.
04 FILLER REDEFINES TCACCCA.
05 TCATPAPR PICTURE X.
88 TCATPVAL
VALUE ″ 6 ″ .
88 TCATPNVL
VALUE ″ 7 ″ .
88 TCATPLNR
VALUE ″ ″ .
05 FILLER PICTURE X.
05 TCATPOS PICTURE S9(4) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
05 TCATPCS PICTURE S9(4) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
05 TCATPOC PICTURE S9(4) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
05 TCATPLDM PICTURE XX.
05 TCATPCON PIC S9(4) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
05 TCATPPNM PICTURE X(8).
05 FILLER PICTURE X(76).
04 FILLER REDEFINES TCACCCA.
05 FILLER PICTURE X(24).
00041325
00041330
00041335
00041340
00041345
00041350
00041355
00041360
00041365
00041370
00041375
00041380
00041385
00041390
00041395
00041400
00041405
00041410
00041415
00041420
00041425
00041430
00041435
00041440
00041445
00041450
00041455
00041460
00041465
00041470
00041475
00041480
00041485
00041490
00041495
00041500
00041505
00041510
00041515
00041520
00041525
00041530
00041535
00041540
00041545
00041550
00041555
00041560
00041565
00041570
00041575
00041580
00041585
Figure 11 (Part 6 of 16). ABJIVP03 - CCCA/VSE Diagnostics Report
Chapter 6. CCCA/VSE
95
5785-CCC R1.0
- IBM
COBOL CONVERSION AID SEQNBR-A 1 B.. ... 2 ... ... COBOL SOURCE STATEMENTS
002570
002580
002590
002600
002610
002620
002630
002640
002650
002660
002670
002680
002690
002700
002710
002720
002730
002740
002750
002760
002770
002780
002790
002800
002810
002820
002830
002840
002850
002860
002870
002880
002890
002900
002910
002920
002930
002940
002950
002960
002970
002980
002990
003000
003010
003020
003030
003040
003050
003060
003070
003080
003090
05
05
05
SAMPLE RUN
ABJIVP03
05 FEB 1997 10:09:49 PAGE 7
... 6 ... ... 7 .IDENTFCN OLD/SQ S MSGID SEV --- D I A G N O S T I C S ---
TCAKCTI PICTURE X(4).
TCAKCFA PICTURE S9(8) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
FILLER PICTURE X(64).
04 FILLER REDEFINES TCACCCA.
05 TCAICDA PICTURE S9(8) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
05 FILLER REDEFINES TCAICDA.
06 TCAICTR PICTURE 9(4) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
06 FILLER PICTURE X(2).
05 FILLER REDEFINES TCAICDA.
06 TCAICRC PICTURE X.
06 FILLER PICTURE X(3).
05 TCAICQID.
07 TCAICQPX PICTURE XX.
07 FILLER
PICTURE X(6).
05 TCAICRT PICTURE S9(7) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL-3.
05 TCAICTI PICTURE X(4).
05 TCAICTID PICTURE X(4).
05 FILLER PICTURE X(4).
05 TCAFCTR1 PICTURE 9(4) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
05 FILLER PICTURE X(66).
04 FILLER REDEFINES TCACCCA.
05 TCAPCLA PICTURE S9(8) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
05 FILLER REDEFINES TCAPCLA.
06 TCAPCTR PICTURE 9(4) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
06 FILLER PICTURE X(2).
05 FILLER REDEFINES TCAPCLA.
06 TCAPCRC PICTURE X.
88 PCPGMIDER
VALUE ″ ″ .
88 PCNORESP
VALUE ″ ″ .
88 ICNORESP
VALUE ″ ″ .
88 ICENDDATA
VALUE ″ ″ .
88 ICIOERROR
VALUE ″ ″ .
88 ICTRNIDER
VALUE ″ │″ .
88 ICTRMIDER
VALUE ″ └″ .
88 ICTSINVLD
VALUE ″ ″ .
88 ICEXPIRD
VALUE ″ ″ .
88 ICNOTFND
VALUE ″ £″ .
88 ICINVREQ
VALUE ″ ″ .
88 TSNORESP
VALUE ″ ″ .
88 TSENERROR
VALUE ″ ″ .
88 TSIDERROR
VALUE ″ ″ .
88 TSIOERROR
VALUE ″ ″ .
88 TSINVREQ
VALUE ″ ″ .
88 TDNORESP
VALUE ″ ″ .
88 TDQUEZERO
VALUE ″ ″ .
88 TDIDERROR
VALUE ″ ″ .
88 TDIOERROR
VALUE ″ ″ .
88 TDNOTOPEN
VALUE ″ ; ″ .
88 TDNOSPACE
VALUE ″ ┌″ .
88 FCNORESP
VALUE ″ ″ .
88 FCDSIDER
VALUE ″ ″ .
88 FCSEGIDER
VALUE ″ ″ .
88 FCINVREQ
VALUE ″ ; ″ .
00041590
00041595
00041600
00041605
00041610
00041615
00041620
00041625
00041630
00041635
00041640
00041645
00041650
00041655
00041660
00041665
00041670
00041675
00041680
00041685
00041690
00041695
00041700
00041705
00041710
00041715
00041720
00041725
00041730
00041735
00041740
00041745
00041750
00041755
00041760
00041765
00041770
00041775
00041780
00041785
00041790
00041795
00041800
00041805
00041810
00041815
00041820
00041825
00041830
00041835
00041840
00041845
00041850
Figure 11 (Part 7 of 16). ABJIVP03 - CCCA/VSE Diagnostics Report
96
Migration to COBOL/VSE
5785-CCC R1.0
- IBM
COBOL CONVERSION AID SEQNBR-A 1 B.. ... 2 ... ... COBOL SOURCE STATEMENTS
003100
003110
003120
003130
003140
003150
003160
003170
003180
003190
003200
003210
003220
003230
003240
003250
003260
003270
003280
003290
003300
003310
003320
003330
003340
003350
003360
003370
003380
003390
003400
003410
003420
003430
003440
003450
003460
003470
003480
003490
003500
003510
003520
003530
003540
003550
003560
003570
003580
003590
003600
003610
003620
SAMPLE RUN
ABJIVP03
05 FEB 1997 10:09:49 PAGE 8
... 6 ... ... 7 .IDENTFCN OLD/SQ S MSGID SEV --- D I A G N O S T I C S ---
FCDUPDS
VALUE ″ ″ .
FCNOTOPEN
VALUE ″ ″ .
FCENDFILE
VALUE ″ ″ .
FCIOERROR
VALUE ″ Ø″ .
FCNOTFND
VALUE ″ a″ .
FCDUPREC
VALUE ″ b″ .
FCNOSPACE
VALUE ″ c″ .
FCDUPKEY
VALUE ″ d″ .
FCILLOGIC
VALUE ″ ″ .
06 TCAPCFLA PICTURE X.
06 TCAPCARO PICTURE X.
06 FILLER PICTURE X.
05 TCAPCPI PICTURE X(8).
05 FILLER REDEFINES TCAPCPI.
06 TCAPCERA PICTURE S9(8) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
06 FILLER PICTURE X(4).
05 TCAPCAC PICTURE XXXX.
05 TCAPCPSW PICTURE X(8).
05 TCAPCINT PICTURE X(8).
05 FILLER PICTURE X(64).
04 FILLER REDEFINES TCACCCA.
05 TCADCTR PICTURE 9(4) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
05 TCADCNB PICTURE 9(4) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
05 TCADCSA PICTURE S9(8) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
05 FILLER PICTURE XXXX.
05 TCADCDC PICTURE XXXX.
05 FILLER PICTURE X(80).
04 FILLER REDEFINES TCACCCA.
05 TCAFCAA PICTURE S9(8) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
05 FILLER REDEFINES TCAFCAA.
06 TCAFCTR PICTURE 9(4) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
06 FILLER PICTURE X(2).
05 FILLER REDEFINES TCAFCAA.
06 TCAFCRC PICTURE X.
06 FILLER PICTURE X(3).
05 TCAFCDI PICTURE X(8).
05 TCAFCURL PICTURE 9(4) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
05 FILLER REDEFINES TCAFCURL.
06 TCAFCNRD PICTURE 9(4) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
05 FILLER PICTURE X(6).
05 FILLER PICTURE X(8).
05 TCAFCRI PICTURE S9(8) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
05 FILLER PICTURE X(64).
04 FILLER REDEFINES TCACCCA.
05 TCATDAA PICTURE S9(8) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
05 FILLER REDEFINES TCATDAA.
06 TCATDRC PICTURE X.
06 FILLER PICTURE X(3).
05 FILLER REDEFINES TCATDAA.
06 TCATDTR PICTURE 9(4) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
06 FILLER PICTURE X(2).
05 TCATDDI PICTURE XXXX.
05 FILLER PICTURE X(88).
88
88
88
88
88
88
88
88
88
00041855
00041860
00041865
00041870
00041875
00041880
00041885
00041890
00041896
00041902
00041908
00041914
00041920
00041926
00041932
00041938
00041944
00041950
00041956
00041962
00041968
00041974
00041980
00041986
00041992
00041998
00042004
00042010
00042016
00042022
00042028
00042034
00042040
00042046
00042052
00042058
00042064
00042070
00042076
00042082
00042088
00042094
00042100
00042106
00042112
00042118
00042124
00042130
00042136
00042142
00042148
00042154
00042160
Figure 11 (Part 8 of 16). ABJIVP03 - CCCA/VSE Diagnostics Report
Chapter 6. CCCA/VSE
97
5785-CCC R1.0
- IBM
COBOL CONVERSION AID SEQNBR-A 1 B.. ... 2 ... ... COBOL SOURCE STATEMENTS
003630
003640
003650
003660
003670
003680
003690
003700
003710
003720
003730
003740
003750
003760
003770
003780
003790
003800
003810
003820
003830
003840
003850
003860
003870
003880
003890
003900
003910
003920
003930
003940
003950
003960
003970
003980
003990
004000
004010
004020
004030
004040
004050
004060
004070
004080
004090
004100
004110
004120
004130
004140
004150
04
SAMPLE RUN
ABJIVP03
05 FEB 1997 10:09:49 PAGE 9
... 6 ... ... 7 .IDENTFCN OLD/SQ S MSGID SEV --- D I A G N O S T I C S ---
FILLER REDEFINES TCACCCA.
TCATSDA PICTURE S9(8) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
FILLER REDEFINES TCATSDA.
06 TCATSRC PICTURE X.
06 FILLER PICTURE X(3).
05 FILLER REDEFINES TCATSDA.
06 TCATSTR PICTURE 9(4) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
06 FILLER PICTURE X(2).
05 TCATSDI PICTURE X(8).
05 TCATSRN PICTURE 9(4) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
05 FILLER PICTURE X(2).
05 TCATSTR2 PICTURE 9(4) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
05 FILLER PICTURE X(78).
04 FILLER REDEFINES TCACCCA.
05 TCAMSTR1 PICTURE X(8).
05 FILLER REDEFINES TCAMSTR1.
06 FILLER PICTURE X.
06 TCAMSTR2 PICTURE X.
06 TCAMSTR3 PICTURE X.
06 TCAMSTR4 PICTURE X.
06 TCAMSTR5 PICTURE X.
06 TCAMSTR6 PICTURE X.
06 TCAMSTR7 PICTURE X.
06 TCAMSTR8 PICTURE X.
05 FILLER REDEFINES TCAMSTR1.
06 TCAMSRC1 PICTURE X.
06 TCAMSRC2 PICTURE X.
06 TCAMSRC3 PICTURE X.
06 TCAMSRI1 PICTURE X.
06 TCAMSPGN PICTURE 9(4) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
06 TCAMSOCN PICTURE 9(4) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
05 FILLER REDEFINES TCAMSTR1.
06 FILLER PICTURE XX.
06 TCAMSRC3H PICTURE 9(4) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
06 FILLER PICTURE X(4).
05 FILLER REDEFINES TCAMSTR1.
06 TCAMSRC PICTURE XXX.
06 FILLER PICTURE X(5).
05 TCAMSIOA PICTURE S9(8) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
05 FILLER REDEFINES TCAMSIOA.
06 TCAMSTA PICTURE S9(8) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
05 TCAMSFSC PICTURE XXXX.
05 FILLER REDEFINES TCAMSFSC.
06 TCABMSFB PICTURE 9(4) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
06 FILLER REDEFINES TCABMSFB.
07 TCABMSWC PICTURE X.
07 FILLER PICTURE X.
06 FILLER REDEFINES TCABMSFB.
07 TCAMSWCC PICTURE X.
07 TCAMSJ PICTURE X.
06 TCABMSCP PICTURE S9(4) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
05 TCABMSMN PICTURE X(8).
05 FILLER REDEFINES TCABMSMN.
05
05
00042166
00042172
00042178
00042184
00042190
00042196
00042202
00042208
00042214
00042220
00042226
00042232
00042238
00042244
00042250
00042256
00042262
00042268
00042274
00042280
00042286
00042292
00042298
00042304
00042310
00042316
00042322
00042328
00042334
00042340
00042346
00042352
00042358
00042364
00042370
00042376
00042382
00042388
00042394
00042400
00042406
00042412
00042418
00042424
00042430
00042436
00042442
00042448
00042454
00042460
00042466
00042472
00042478
Figure 11 (Part 9 of 16). ABJIVP03 - CCCA/VSE Diagnostics Report
98
Migration to COBOL/VSE
5785-CCC R1.0
- IBM
COBOL CONVERSION AID SEQNBR-A 1 B.. ... 2 ... ... COBOL SOURCE STATEMENTS
004160
004170
004180
004190
004200
004210
004220
004230
004240
004250
004260
004270
004280
004290
004300
004310
004320
004330
004340
004350
004360
004370
004380
004390
004400
004410
004420
004430
004440
004450
004460
004470
004480
004490
004500
004510
004520
004530
004540
004550
004560
004570
004580
004590
004600
004610
004620
004630
004640
004650
004660
004670
004680
06
06
SAMPLE RUN
ABJIVP03
05 FEB 1997 10:09:49 PAGE 10
... 6 ... ... 7 .IDENTFCN OLD/SQ S MSGID SEV --- D I A G N O S T I C S ---
TCABMSMA PICTURE S9(8) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
FILLER PICTURE X(4).
05 FILLER REDEFINES TCABMSMN.
06 TCAMSHDR PICTURE S9(8) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
06 FILLER PICTURE X(4).
05 FILLER REDEFINES TCABMSMN.
06 TCAMSRLA PICTURE S9(8) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
06 TCAMSRTI PICTURE S9(7) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL-3.
06 FILLER REDEFINES TCAMSRTI.
07 TCAMSTRL PICTURE S9(8) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
05 TCAMSMSN PICTURE X(8).
05 FILLER REDEFINES TCAMSMSN.
06 TCAMSMSA PICTURE S9(8) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
06 FILLER PICTURE X(4).
05 FILLER REDEFINES TCAMSMSN.
06 TCAMSTI PICTURE X(4).
06 FILLER PICTURE X.
06 TCAMSOC PICTURE XXX.
05 TCAMSLDM PICTURE XX.
05 TCAMSLDC PICTURE X.
05 TCAMSRID PICTURE XX.
05 FILLER PICTURE XXX.
05 TCAMSFMP PICTURE X(8).
05 FILLER PICTURE X(48).
04 FILLER REDEFINES TCACCCA.
05 TCASPTR PICTURE 9(4) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
05 FILLER PICTURE X(94).
04 FILLER REDEFINES TCACCCA.
05 TCADLIO PICTURE S9(8) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
05 FILLER REDEFINES TCADLIO.
06 FILLER PICTURE X.
06 TCADLTR PICTURE X.
88 FCDLINA
VALUE ″ ″ .
88 FCPSBSCH VALUE ″ ″ .
88 FCPSBNF
VALUE ″ ″ .
88 FCTASKNA VALUE ″ ″ .
88 FCPSBNA
VALUE ″ ″ .
88 FCLANGCON VALUE ″ ″ .
88 FCPSBFAIL VALUE ″ ″ .
88 FCFUNCNS VALUE ″ ; ″ .
88 FCTERMNS VALUE ″ ′ ″ .
06 FILLER PICTURE X(2).
05 TCADLPCB PICTURE S9(8) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
05 TCADLPSB PICTURE X(8).
05 TCADLSSA PICTURE S9(8) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
05 TCADLPAR PICTURE S9(8) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
05 TCADLECB PICTURE S9(8) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
05 FILLER REDEFINES TCADLECB.
06 TCADLLAN PICTURE X(4).
05 TCADLFUN PICTURE X(4).
05 FILLER PICTURE X(64).
04 FILLER.
05 TCATRF1 PICTURE S9(8) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
00042484
00042490
00042496
00042502
00042508
00042514
00042520
00042526
00042532
00042538
00042544
00042550
00042556
00042562
00042568
00042574
00042580
00042586
00042592
00042598
00042604
00042610
00042616
00042622
00042628
00042634
00042640
00042646
00042652
00042658
00042664
00042670
00042676
00042682
00042688
00042694
00042700
00042706
00042712
00042718
00042724
00042730
00042736
00042742
00042748
00042754
00042760
00042766
00042772
00042778
00042784
00042790
00042796
Figure 11 (Part 10 of 16). ABJIVP03 - CCCA/VSE Diagnostics Report
Chapter 6. CCCA/VSE
99
5785-CCC R1.0
- IBM
COBOL CONVERSION AID SEQNBR-A 1 B.. ... 2 ... ... COBOL SOURCE STATEMENTS
004690
004700
004710
004720
004730
004740
004750
004760
004770
004780
004790
004800
004810
004820
004830
004840
004850
004860
004870
004880
004890
004900
004910
004920
004930
004940
004950
004960
004970
004980
004990
005000
005010
005020
005030
005040
005050
005060
005070
005080
005090
005100
005110
005120
005130
*OLD**
005140
000010
000020
000030
000040
000050
000060
05
FILLER REDEFINES TCATRF1.
TCATRF1H PICTURE 9(4) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
FILLER PICTURE X(2).
05 FILLER REDEFINES TCATRF1.
06 TCATRF1F PICTURE S9(8) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
05 FILLER REDEFINES TCATRF1.
06 TCATRF1C PICTURE X(4).
05 FILLER REDEFINES TCATRF1.
06 TCATRF1P PICTURE 9(7) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL-3.
05 FILLER REDEFINES TCATRF1.
06 TCATRF1A PICTURE X.
06 FILLER PICTURE X(3).
05 TCATRF2 PICTURE S9(8) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
05 FILLER REDEFINES TCATRF2.
06 TCATRF2H PICTURE 9(4) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
06 FILLER PICTURE X(2).
05 FILLER REDEFINES TCATRF2.
06 TCATRF2F PICTURE S9(8) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
05 FILLER REDEFINES TCATRF2.
06 TCATRF2C PICTURE X(4).
05 FILLER REDEFINES TCATRF2.
06 TCATRF2P PICTURE 9(7) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL-3.
05 FILLER REDEFINES TCATRF2.
06 TCATRF2A PICTURE X.
06 FILLER PICTURE X(3).
05 TCATRRI PICTURE 9(4) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
05 TCATRRI1 PICTURE 9(4) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
05 FILLER PICTURE X(4).
05 TCAJCAAD PICTURE S9(8) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
05 TCAATAC PICTURE S9(8) USAGE IS COMPUTATIONAL.
03 FILLER.
04 TCACSPE PICTURE XXXX.
04 TCANXTID PICTURE X(4).
PCB-ADDR.
02 PCB1-ADDR PIC S9(8) COMP.
PCB1.
02 DBD-NAME PIC X(8).
02 SEG-LEVEL PIC XX.
02 STATUS-CODE PIC XX.
02 PROC-OPTIONS PIC X(4).
02 RESERVE-DLI PIC S9(5) COMP.
02 SEG-NAME-FB PIC X(8).
02 LENGTH-FB-KEY PIC S9(5) COMP.
02 NUMB-SENS-SEGS PIC S9(5) COMP.
02 KEY-FB-AREA PIC X(30).
MAP11I COPY ABJCQOUT.
MAP11I. COPY ABJCQOUT REPLACING ==01 MAP11I.== BY ====.
MAP11I.
02 FILLER PIC X(96).
MAP11O REDEFINES MAP11I.
02 FILLER PIC X(96).
MAP21I REDEFINES MAP11I.
02 FILLER PIC X(12).
06
06
01
01
01
01
01
01
01
SAMPLE RUN
ABJIVP03
05 FEB 1997 10:09:49 PAGE 11
... 6 ... ... 7 .IDENTFCN OLD/SQ S MSGID SEV --- D I A G N O S T I C S --00042802
00042808
00042814
00042820
00042826
00042832
00042838
00042844
00042850
00042856
00042862
00042868
00042874
00042880
00042886
00042892
00042898
00042904
00042910
00042916
00042922
00042928
00042934
00042940
00042946
00042952
00042958
00042964
00042970
00042976
00042982
00042988
00042994
00043000
00044000
00045000
00046000
00047000
00048000
00049000
00050000
00051000
00052000
00053000
00054000
00055000
00055000
Figure 11 (Part 11 of 16). ABJIVP03 - CCCA/VSE Diagnostics Report
100
Migration to COBOL/VSE
ABJ6088 00 LANGLEVEL 1 COPY IS CHANGED
+
+
+
+
+
+
5785-CCC R1.0
- IBM
COBOL CONVERSION AID SEQNBR-A 1 B.. ... 2 ... ... COBOL SOURCE STATEMENTS
000070
000080
000090
000100
000110
000120
000130
000140
000150
000160
000170
000180
000190
000200
000210
000220
000230
000240
000250
000260
000270
000280
000290
000300
000310
000320
000330
000340
*OLD**
005150
000010
000020
000030
000040
000050
000060
000070
000080
000090
000100
000110
*OLD**
005160
000010
000020
000030
000040
005170
*OLD**
005180
005190
SAMPLE RUN
ABJIVP03
05 FEB 1997 10:09:49 PAGE 12
... 6 ... ... 7 .IDENTFCN OLD/SQ S MSGID SEV --- D I A G N O S T I C S ---
02
02
02
SEGNAMEL
COMP PIC S9(4).
SEGNAMEF
PICTURE X.
FILLER REDEFINES SEGNAMEF.
03 SEGNAMEA
PICTURE X.
02 SEGNAMEI PIC X(8).
02 SEGCONTL
COMP PIC S9(4).
02 SEGCONTF
PICTURE X.
02 FILLER REDEFINES SEGCONTF.
03 SEGCONTA
PICTURE X.
02 SEGCONTI PIC X(70).
01 MAP21O REDEFINES MAP21I.
02 FILLER PIC X(12).
02 FILLER PICTURE X(3).
02 SEGNAMEO PIC X(8).
02 FILLER PICTURE X(3).
02 SEGCONTO PIC X(70).
01 MAP31I REDEFINES MAP11I.
02 FILLER PIC X(12).
01 MAP31O REDEFINES MAP31I.
02 FILLER PIC X(12).
01 MAP41I REDEFINES MAP11I.
02 FILLER PIC X(12).
01 MAP41O REDEFINES MAP41I.
02 FILLER PIC X(12).
01 MAP51I REDEFINES MAP11I.
02 FILLER PIC X(12).
01 MAP51O REDEFINES MAP51I.
02 FILLER PIC X(12).
01 MAP12I COPY ABJERRMP.
01 MAP12I. COPY ABJERRMP REPLACING ==01 MAP12I.== BY ====.
01 MAP12I.
02 FILLER PIC X(12).
02 ERRMSGL
COMP PIC S9(4).
02 ERRMSGF
PICTURE X.
02 FILLER REDEFINES ERRMSGF.
03 ERRMSGA
PICTURE X.
02 ERRMSGI PIC X(70).
01 MAP12O REDEFINES MAP12I.
02 FILLER PIC X(12).
02 FILLER PICTURE X(3).
02 ERRMSGO PIC X(70).
01 MAP13I COPY ABJCIOUT.
01 MAP13I. COPY ABJCIOUT REPLACING ==01 MAP13I.== BY ====.
01 MAP13I.
02 FILLER PIC X(12).
01 MAP13O REDEFINES MAP13I.
02 FILLER PIC X(12).
PROCEDURE DIVISION.
MOVE CSACDTA TO TCACBAR.
3
MOVE CSACDTA TO LCP-WS-ADDR-COMP
SET ADDRESS OF DFHTCA TO LCP-WS-ADDR-PNTR.
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
00056000
00056000
ABJ6088 00 LANGLEVEL 1 COPY IS CHANGED
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
00057000
00057000
ABJ6088 00 LANGLEVEL 1 COPY IS CHANGED
+
+
+
+
00058000
00059000
00059000
ABJ6207 00 BLL CONVERTED TO SET POINTER
SET ADDRESS OF ...
ABJ6301 04 31 BIT ESA ADDRESSES WILL BE
TREATED AS NEGATIVE NUMBERS:
RESULTS MAY BE UNPREDICTABLE
Figure 11 (Part 12 of 16). ABJIVP03 - CCCA/VSE Diagnostics Report
Chapter 6. CCCA/VSE
101
5785-CCC R1.0
- IBM
COBOL CONVERSION AID SEQNBR-A 1 B.. ... 2 ... ... COBOL SOURCE STATEMENTS
SAMPLE RUN
ABJIVP03
05 FEB 1997 10:09:49 PAGE 13
... 6 ... ... 7 .IDENTFCN OLD/SQ S MSGID SEV --- D I A G N O S T I C S --*** MANUAL UPDATE RECOMMENDED
005200
005210
005220
005230
005240
005250
005260
005270
005280
*OLD**
005290
005300
EXEC CICS HANDLE CONDITION ERROR(ERRORS) MAPFAIL(CIDL)
OVERFLOW(PAGE-OVERFLOW) END-EXEC.
EXEC CICS RECEIVE MAP(″ MAP1″) MAPSET(″ CINQIN″) END-EXEC.
IF CUSTNOI = SPACES OR CUSTNOL = +0000
MOVE ″ CUSTOMER″ TO ERRNAMEO
MOVE SPACES TO ERRNOO GO TO ERR-MSG.
MOVE ″ PSBCLIG″ TO PSBNAME.
CALL ″ CBLTDLI″ USING PCB PSBNAME.
IF TCAFCRC NOT EQUAL TO ″ ″ GO TO INTERFACE-ERROR.
MOVE TCADLPCB TO PCB-LIST-PTR.
4
MOVE TCADLPCB TO LCP-WS-ADDR-COMP
SET ADDRESS OF PCB-ADDR TO LCP-WS-ADDR-PNTR.
*OLD**
005310
005320
MOVE PCB1-ADDR TO PCB1-PTR.
5
MOVE PCB1-ADDR TO LCP-WS-ADDR-COMP
SET ADDRESS OF PCB1 TO LCP-WS-ADDR-PNTR.
005330
MOVE CUSTNOI TO SSA1KEY.
005340
MOVE CHECKNOI TO SSA2KEY.
005350
MOVE LOANNOI TO SSA3KEY.
005360
IF SSA2KEY NOT = LOW-VALUE GO TO CHECK-PROC.
005370
IF SSA3KEY NOT = LOW-VALUE GO TO LOAN-PROC.
005380
CALL ″ CBLTDLI″ USING GU PCB1 DLIO SSA1.
005390
IF TCAFCRC NOT EQUAL TO ″ ″ GO TO INTERFACE-ERROR.
005400
IF STATUS-CODE = ″ ″ GO TO GU-OK.
005410
IF STATUS-CODE = ″ GE″ MOVE ″ CUSTOMER″ TO ERRNAMEO
005420
MOVE CUSTNOI TO ERRNOO
005430
GO TO ERR-MSG.
005440
GO TO ERROR1.
005450 CHECK-PROC.
005460
MOVE CHECKNOI TO SSA2KEY.
005470
CALL ″ CBLTDLI″ USING GU PCB1 DLIO SSA1 SSA2.
005480
IF TCAFCRC NOT = ″ ″ GO TO INTERFACE-ERROR.
005490
IF STATUS-CODE = ″ ″ GO TO GU-OK.
005500
IF STATUS-CODE = ″ GE″ MOVE ″ CHECK″ TO ERRNAMEO
005510
MOVE CHECKNOI TO ERRNOO
005520
GO TO ERR-MSG.
005530 LOAN-PROC.
005540
MOVE LOANNOI TO SSA3KEY.
005550
CALL ″ CBLTDLI″ USING GU PCB1 DLIO SSA1 SSA3.
005560
IF TCAFCRC NOT = ″ ″ GO TO INTERFACE-ERROR.
005570
IF STATUS-CODE = ″ ″ GO TO GU-OK.
005580
IF STATUS-CODE = ″ GE″ MOVE ″ LOAN″ TO ERRNAMEO
005590
MOVE LOANNOI TO ERRNOO
005600
GO TO ERR-MSG.
005610 GU-OK.
005620
MOVE 1 TO PAGE-OVERFLOW-CTR.
*OLD**
EXEC CICS GETMAIN SET(CINQOUT-PTR) LENGTH(96) END-EXEC.
00060000
00061000
00062000
00063000
00064000
00065000
00066000
00067000
00068000
00069000
00069000
00070000
00070000
00071000
00072000
00073000
00074000
00075000
00076000
00077000
00078000
00079000
00080000
00081000
00082000
00083000
00084000
00085000
00086000
00087000
00088000
00089000
00090000
00091000
00092000
00093000
00094000
00095000
00096000
00097000
00098000
00099000
00100000
6 00101000
Figure 11 (Part 13 of 16). ABJIVP03 - CCCA/VSE Diagnostics Report
102
Migration to COBOL/VSE
ABJ6207 00 BLL CONVERTED TO SET POINTER
SET ADDRESS OF ...
ABJ6301 04 31 BIT ESA ADDRESSES WILL BE
TREATED AS NEGATIVE NUMBERS:
RESULTS MAY BE UNPREDICTABLE
*** MANUAL UPDATE RECOMMENDED
ABJ6207 00 BLL CONVERTED TO SET POINTER
SET ADDRESS OF ...
ABJ6301 04 31 BIT ESA ADDRESSES WILL BE
TREATED AS NEGATIVE NUMBERS:
RESULTS MAY BE UNPREDICTABLE
*** MANUAL UPDATE RECOMMENDED
ABJ6201 00 POINTER OPTION IN EXEC CICS
5785-CCC R1.0
- IBM
COBOL CONVERSION AID SEQNBR-A 1 B.. ... 2 ... ... COBOL SOURCE STATEMENTS
005630
005640
005650
005660
005670
005680
005690
005700
005710
005720
005730
005740
005750
005760
005770
005780
005790
005800
005810
005820
005830
005840
005850
005860
005870
005880
005890
005900
005910
005920
005930
005940
005950
005960
*OLD**
005970
005980
005990
006000
006010
006020
006030
006040
006050
006060
006070
006080
006090
006100
006110
006120
006130
006140
SAMPLE RUN
ABJIVP03
05 FEB 1997 10:09:49 PAGE 14
... 6 ... ... 7 .IDENTFCN OLD/SQ S MSGID SEV --- D I A G N O S T I C S ---
EXEC CICS GETMAIN SET(ADDRESS OF MAP11I) LENGTH(96) END-EXEC.00101000
EXEC CICS SEND MAP(″ MAP11″) MAPSET(″ CINQOUT″) ACCUM
00102000
ERASE PAGING FRSET FREEKB END-EXEC.
00103000
PAGE-BUILD.
00104000
MOVE SEG-NAME-FB TO SEGNAMEO.
00105000
MOVE DLIO TO SEGCONTO.
00106000
SEND-MAP2.
00107000
MOVE 2 TO PAGE-OVERFLOW-CTR.
00108000
EXEC CICS SEND MAP(″ MAP21″) MAPSET(″ CINQOUT″) ACCUM
00109000
PAGING FRSET FREEKB END-EXEC.
00110000
GNP-LOOP.
00111000
CALL ″ CBLTDLI″ USING GNP PCB1 DLIO.
00112000
IF TCAFCRC NOT = ″ ″ GO TO INTERFACE-ERROR.
00113000
IF STATUS-CODE = ″ ″ OR STATUS-CODE = ″ GA″
00114000
OR STATUS-CODE = ″ GK″ GO TO PAGE-BUILD.
00115000
IF STATUS-CODE = ″ GE″ OR STATUS-CODE = ″ GB″
00116000
GO TO END-GNP-LOOP.
00117000
GO TO ERROR1.
00118000
END-GNP-LOOP.
00119000
EXEC CICS SEND MAP(″ MAP31″) MAPSET(″ CINQOUT″) ACCUM
00120000
PAGING FRSET FREEKB END-EXEC.
00121000
EXEC CICS SEND MAP(″ MAP41″) MAPSET(″ CINQOUT″) ACCUM
00122000
PAGING FRSET FREEKB END-EXEC.
00123000
PAGE-OUT.
00124000
EXEC CICS SEND PAGE NOAUTOPAGE END-EXEC.
00125000
END-PROG.
00126000
PROG-RETURN.
00127000
CALL ″ CBLTDLI″ USING TERM.
00128000
EXEC CICS RETURN TRANSID(″ CINQ″) END-EXEC.
00129000
ERRORS.
00130000
PERFORM SAVE-INFO.
00131000
EXEC CICS DUMP DUMPCODE(″ ERRS″) END-EXEC.
00132000
GO TO PROG-RETURN.
00133000
CIDL.
00134000
EXEC CICS GETMAIN SET(CIDLOUT-PTR) LENGTH(12) END-EXEC. 7 00135000
EXEC CICS GETMAIN SET(ADDRESS OF MAP13I) LENGTH(12) END-EXEC.00135000
MOVE LOW-VALUE TO MAP13O.
00136000
EXEC CICS SEND MAP(″ MAP13″) MAPSET(″ CIDLOUT″) ERASE END-EXEC.00137000
EXEC CICS RETURN END-EXEC.
00138000
PAGE-OVERFLOW.
00139000
EXEC CICS SEND MAP(″ MAP41″) MAPSET(″ CINQOUT″) ACCUM
00140000
PAGING FREEKB END-EXEC.
00141000
EXEC CICS SEND MAP(″ MAP11″) MAPSET(″ CINQOUT″) ACCUM
00142000
ERASE PAGING FRSET FREEKB END-EXEC.
00143000
GO TO GU-OK SEND-MAP2 DEPENDING ON PAGE-OVERFLOW-CTR.
00144000
ERR-MSG.
00145000
EXEC CICS SEND MAP(″ MAP1″) MAPSET(″ CINQIN″) ACCUM
00146000
PAGING FREEKB END-EXEC.
00147000
EXEC CICS SEND MAP(″ MAP2″) MAPSET(″ CINQIN″) ACCUM
00148000
PAGING FREEKB END-EXEC.
00149000
EXEC CICS SEND PAGE END-EXEC.
00150000
GO TO END-PROG.
00151000
INTERFACE-ERROR.
00152000
CHANGED TO ADDRESS OF
...
ABJ6201 00 POINTER OPTION IN EXEC CICS
CHANGED TO ADDRESS OF ...
Figure 11 (Part 14 of 16). ABJIVP03 - CCCA/VSE Diagnostics Report
Chapter 6. CCCA/VSE
103
5785-CCC R1.0
- IBM
COBOL CONVERSION AID SEQNBR-A 1 B.. ... 2 ... ... COBOL SOURCE STATEMENTS
006150
006160
006170
006180
*OLD**
006190
006200
006210
006220
006230
006240
006250
006260
*OLD**
006270
006280
006290
006300
006310
006320
006330
006340
006350
006360
006370
SAMPLE RUN
ABJIVP03
05 FEB 1997 10:09:49 PAGE 15
... 6 ... ... 7 .IDENTFCN OLD/SQ S MSGID SEV --- D I A G N O S T I C S ---
MOVE TCAFCRC TO SAVE-TCAFCRC.
00153000
MOVE TCADLTR TO SAVE-TCADLTR.
00154000
PERFORM SAVE-INFO.
00155000
EXEC CICS DUMP DUMPCODE(″ INTE″) END-EXEC.
00156000
EXEC CICS GETMAIN SET(ERRORMP-PTR) LENGTH(85) END-EXEC. 8 00157000
EXEC CICS GETMAIN SET(ADDRESS OF MAP12I) LENGTH(85) END-EXEC.00157000
MOVE ″ *** INTERFACE ERROR. DUMP IN PROGRESS.***″ TO ERRMSGO. 00158000
EXEC CICS SEND MAP(″ MAP12″) MAPSET(″ ERRORMP″) ACCUM
00159000
PAGING FREEKB END-EXEC.
00160000
GO TO CIDL.
00161000
ERROR1.
00162000
PERFORM SAVE-INFO.
00163000
EXEC CICS DUMP DUMPCODE(″ ERRO″) END-EXEC.
00164000
EXEC CICS GETMAIN SET(ERRORMP-PTR) LENGTH(85) END-EXEC. 9 00165000
EXEC CICS GETMAIN SET(ADDRESS OF MAP12I) LENGTH(85) END-EXEC.00165000
MOVE ″ *** DL/1 CALL ERROR. DUMP IN PROGRESS.***″ TO ERRMSGO. 00166000
EXEC CICS SEND MAP(″ MAP12″) MAPSET(″ ERRORMP″) ACCUM
00167000
PAGING FREEKB END-EXEC.
00168000
GO TO CIDL.
00169000
SAVE-INFO.
00170000
MOVE STATUS-CODE TO SAVE-STATUS-CODE.
00171000
MOVE TCACCCA TO SAVE-TCACCCA.
00172000
END-PGM.
00173000
STOP RUN.
00174000
END PROGRAM ABJIVP03.
Figure 11 (Part 15 of 16). ABJIVP03 - CCCA/VSE Diagnostics Report
104
Migration to COBOL/VSE
ABJ6201 00 POINTER OPTION IN EXEC CICS
CHANGED TO ADDRESS OF ...
ABJ6201 00 POINTER OPTION IN EXEC CICS
CHANGED TO ADDRESS OF ...
ABJ6126 99 *----------------------------*
* END OF COBOL CONVERSION
*
* 5785-CCC COBOL CONVERSION *
*----------------------------*
5785-CCC R1.0
- IBM
COBOL CONVERSION AID SAMPLE RUN
CONVERSION FROM DOS/VS COBOL
TO COBOL/VSE
OPTIONS IN EFFECT :
PROCEDURE NAME CHECKING ........ YES
LANGLEVEL ......................
FLAG REPORT WRITER STMTS ....... YES
CICS ...........................
REMOVE OBSOLETE ELEMENTS ....... YES
LINE COUNT .....................
GENERATE CALL ILBOABN0 STMT..... YES
DATE FORMAT ....................
GENERATE END PROGRAM STMT ...... YES
RESEQUENCING ...................
POST-CONVERSION COMPILE ........ NO
INCREMENT ......................
MANUAL CHANGE FLAGGING ......... YES
RESERVED WORD SUFFIX ...........
HANDLE EXEC SQL INCLUDE AS COPY. YES
GENERATE NEW PROGRAM ...........
REMOVE NON 88 VALUE CLAUSE IN FS YES
GENERATE NEW COPY ..............
FLAG IF FILE-STATUS (NOT) = ″00″ YES
REPLACE LIKE-NAMED COPY MBR ....
FLAG 31-BIT ADDRESS ARITHMETIC.. YES
PRINT REFERENCE SOURCE LINE ....
INCL.W-S IN CICS COMPILE OF L-S. YES
PRINT COPY MODULE ..............
OPTION-13 ...................... NO
LEVEL DIAGNOSTIC ...............
OPTION-14 ...................... NO
DEBUG MODE .....................
OPTION-15 ...................... NO
SQL ............................
HIGHEST SEVERITY MESSAGE FOR THIS CONVERSION:
04
10
0016 MESSAGES ISSUED
0016 MESSAGES PRINTED
SEQNBR CPYNBR
MSGID
RC MESSAGE TEXT
000080
001270
001290
005140
005150
005160
005180
005180
ABJ6212
ABJ6088
ABJ6203
ABJ6088
ABJ6088
ABJ6088
ABJ6207
ABJ6301
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
04
005290
005290
ABJ6207
ABJ6301
00
04
005310
005310
ABJ6207
ABJ6301
00
04
005630
005970
006190
006270
ABJ6201
ABJ6201
ABJ6201
ABJ6201
00
00
00
00
ABJIVP03
05 FEB 1997
10:09:49
PAGE 16
DOS/VS COBOL
CICS ST. WITH BLL
60
MM/DD/YY
YES
0010
74
YES
YES
YES
YES
YES
00
0
N
WORKING POINTER FOR CICS ADDED TO WORKING STORAGE
LANGLEVEL 1 COPY IS CHANGED
BLL′ S ARE REMOVED
LANGLEVEL 1 COPY IS CHANGED
LANGLEVEL 1 COPY IS CHANGED
LANGLEVEL 1 COPY IS CHANGED
BLL CONVERTED TO SET POINTER SET ADDRESS OF ...
31 BIT ESA ADDRESSES WILL BE TREATED AS NEGATIVE NUMBERS: RESULTS MAY BE UNPREDICTABLE
*** MANUAL UPDATE RECOMMENDED
BLL CONVERTED TO SET POINTER SET ADDRESS OF ...
31 BIT ESA ADDRESSES WILL BE TREATED AS NEGATIVE NUMBERS: RESULTS MAY BE UNPREDICTABLE
*** MANUAL UPDATE RECOMMENDED
BLL CONVERTED TO SET POINTER SET ADDRESS OF ...
31 BIT ESA ADDRESSES WILL BE TREATED AS NEGATIVE NUMBERS: RESULTS MAY BE UNPREDICTABLE
*** MANUAL UPDATE RECOMMENDED
POINTER OPTION IN EXEC CICS CHANGED TO ADDRESS OF ...
POINTER OPTION IN EXEC CICS CHANGED TO ADDRESS OF ...
POINTER OPTION IN EXEC CICS CHANGED TO ADDRESS OF ...
POINTER OPTION IN EXEC CICS CHANGED TO ADDRESS OF ...
11
12
13
Figure 11 (Part 16 of 16). ABJIVP03 - CCCA/VSE Diagnostics Report
Notes:
1 If needed by the conversion of statements involving primary BLLs,
these codes are generated in the Working-Storage Section for use with
the POINTER facility.
2 If the CICS option on the Conversion panel is set to Y, the BLL
definitions are removed. If the entire BLL structure is redefined, the
redefined structure is removed. If the BLLs are not defined with a length
of four bytes, the CICS conversion cannot be preformed. If the level 01 of
the BLL structure is FILLER, the BLL definitions are not removed from the
Linkage Section, but all of the references to BLLs in the Procedure
Division are processed.
3 4 5 The primary BLL references are changed to ADDRESS OF
special register and POINTER facility. For example:
•
MOVE BLL1 TO BLL2 is changed to SET ADDRESS OF REC2 to
ADDRESS OF REC1
•
MOVE ID to BLL is changed to MOVE ID TO LCP-WS-ADDR-COMP
SET ADDRESS OF REC TO LCP-WS-ADDR-PNTR
•
MOVE BLL to ID is changed to SET LCP-WS-ADDR-PNTR TO
ADDRESS OF REC MOVE LCP-WS-ADDR-COMP TO ID
Chapter 6. CCCA/VSE
105
6 7 8 9 The primary BLLs are replaced by corresponding
ADDRESS OF special register. For example: EXEC CICS READ ...
SET(BLL1) ... is replaced by EXEC CICS READ ... SET(ADDRESS OF
REC1)... The statements affected are GETMAIN, READ, READNEXT,
READPREV, READQ, RECEIVE, RETRIEVE, SEND CONTROL, SEND PAGE,
SEND TEXT, LOAD, CONVERSE, ISSUE RECEIVE, and POST.
10 The highest severity of 4 means that manual update is
recommended. The reason for the severity 4 message is described in
11 12 13.
11 12 13 You should review your source code where arithmetic is
being done against any address field. In theory you could add a number
large enough to make a negative number positive, that is transform from
indicating a 31-bit address to a 24-bit address! This is where an error
could occur. So you may want to alter your code so you either don′t have
to do arithmetic on address fields or handle the situation where the sign
of your address field changes.
For details on the converted COBOL statements, see Appendix A. ′Converted
COBOL Language Elements′ in the COBOL and CICS Command Level
Conversion Aid for VSE Installation and User ′ s Guide .
6.4 Limitations of CCCA/VSE
106
•
CCCA does not support total conversion and there are some
incompatibilities. (See Chapter 5, “Significant Differences between Old
COBOL and COBOL/VSE” on page 35 for details.)
•
Exact knowledge of the input source level is necessary for exact conversion,
otherwise the output source member will still contain old and rejected
statements.
•
Each member has to be individually identified, and diagnosed. The person
running the tool has to be very meticulous in his activity, if the number of
programs is very high. This approach of individual processing has its
drawbacks.
•
CCCA does not give an overall impact analysis before the start of a project.
This kind of impact analysis report is very useful in proposal submission.
This report can contain the following fields:
−
Name of Library
−
Number of Programs
−
Number of Lines of Code
−
Possible conversion required in Lines of Code
−
Percentage of Whole
•
A Summary report after the whole job is done is useful in accessing the
automated and manual work done on the overall project.
•
The actual conversion process runs in batch mode and not on-line where
user intervention can be called to change the output source code and also to
change the statements if required.
Migration to COBOL/VSE
Chapter 7. Debug Tool for VSE/ESA
This chapter summarizes:
•
What is Debug Tool
•
What do you need to run Debug Tool
•
How to invoke Debug Tool
•
How to debug your program in full-screen mode
•
Limitations of Debug Tool
This chapter does not intend to give you all the information about Debug Tool.
You can find detailed information in:
•
Debug Tool for VSE/ESA User ′ s Guide and Reference .
•
Debug Tool for VSE/ESA Installation and Customization Guide .
This chapter is more a quick start guide which will help you start work with
Debug Tool quickly and easily.
7.1 What is Debug Tool
Debug Tool for VSE/ESA is a powerful interactive source-level debug tool for
application programs written in the following high-level languages:
•
IBM C for VSE/ESA (C/VSE)
•
IBM COBOL for VSE/ESA (COBOL/VSE)
•
IBM PL/I for VSE/ESA (PL/I VSE)
You receive Debug Tool when you order the full function offering of any of the
above IBM compiler products.
Debug Tool allows programmers to address difficult problems at the source level
where they are comfortable. Debugging sessions may be performed in either
interactive or batch mode. Debug Tool provides an interactive full-screen
interface to a 3270 device. The full-screen interface is made up of session panel
windows containing information about the debugging session. In batch mode,
command files provide the mechanism to predefine a series of Debug Tool
commands to be performed on an executing batch application. Neither terminal
input nor user interaction is required in batch mode.
While a program is running, you can control and examine its execution with
functions such as:
 Copyright IBM Corp. 1997
•
Viewing the source listing and stepping through the source one statement at
a time.
•
Setting dynamic break points, which can be simple or conditional based on
other values in the program.
•
Monitoring the value of program variables.
•
Modifying program and variable storage.
•
Debugging mixed-language applications from a single debug session.
107
The debug session can be recorded in a log file, so you can replay the session.
You can use Debug Tool to help capture test cases for future program validation
or to further isolate a problem within an application.
7.2 What Do You Need to Run Debug Tool
The following sections describe system requirements for running Debug Tool.
7.2.1 Licensed Programs
Debug Tool runs under VSE/ESA with the required licensed programs listed in
Table 6 and optional licensed programs listed in Table 7. You should install all
licensed programs with the minimum release listed or with any subsequent
release.
The licensed programs listed in Table 6 are required to install and customize
Debug Tool, or to run Debug Tool.
Table 6. Required Licensed Programs for Debug Tool
Required Licensed Program
Minimum Release
Program
Number
One of:
VSE/ESA
Version 1 Release 4.3
5750-ACD
VSE/ESA
Version 2 Release 2
5690-VSE
Version 1 Release 4
5686-094
One of:
IBM LE/VSE including the
C-specific base component
5690-VSE
VSE C Language Run-Time
Support feature of VSE/ESA
Version 2 Release 2
One of:
IBM C for VSE/ESA
Release 1
5686-A01
IBM COBOL for VSE/ESA •
Release 1
5686-068
IBM PL/I for VSE/ESA •
Release 1
5686-069
Note:
1. To run Debug Tool with output f r o m this compiler the LE/VSE run-time library support
for the compiler language is required.
The licensed programs listed in Table 7 can optionally be used with Debug Tool.
Table 7 (Page 1 of 2). Optional Licensed Programs for Debug Tool
108
Optional Licensed Program
Minimum Release
Program Number
CSP/AD
Version 3 Release 3
5668-813
CSP/AE
Version 3 Release 3
5668-814
DFSORT/VSE
Version 3 Release 1
5746-SM3
BookManager/Read
Release 2 (to view
softcopy documentation)
73F6-023 (Read/2)
IBM DL/I DOS/VS
Release 10
5746-XX1
IBM DOS/VS Sort/Merge
Version 2 Release 5
5746-SM2
Migration to COBOL/VSE
Table 7 (Page 2 of 2). Optional Licensed Programs for Debug Tool
Optional Licensed Program
Minimum Release
Program Number
QMF/VSE
Version 3 Release 2
5648-061
SQL/DS
Version 3 Release 4
5688-103
7.2.2 DASD Storage
When installing Debug Tool, you must provide DASD storage for the VSE
Librarian library.
Table 8 lists the estimated minimum DASD storage required for VSE Librarian
library storage. The storage requirements given in Table 8 are in addition to the
storage requirements of any other licensed programs installed in the library. You
should consider allowing 10% to 15% extra library storage for any future
enhancements and service updates.
Table 8. Approximate Library Storage Requirements for Debug Tool
Component
LIBR
BLKS •
3380
TRK
3390
TRK
9345
TRK
FBA
BLKS
Debug Tool Base
4600
150
120
150
9200
Debug Tool Japanese NLF
220
8
7
8
440
Total
4820
158
127
158
9640
Note:
One library block equals 1024 bytes.
7.2.3 VTAM Considerations
If you plan to use Debug Tool to debug your batch applications interactively you
must add the Debug Tool VTAM definitions to your system by following the
instructions on Page 18 of the Debug Tool for VSE/ESA Installation and
Customization Guide .
7.2.4 CICS Considerations
If you plan to use Debug Tool to debug your CICS applications you must update
your CICS system by following the instructions on Page 19 of the Debug Tool for
VSE/ESA Installation and Customization Guide .
7.2.5 Debug Tool Run-time Environment
Debug Tool requires the LE/VSE run-time library and LE/VSE C-specific run-time
library. To run Debug Tool you must install the base and C components of
LE/VSE or the VSE C language Run-time Support feature of VSE/ESA Version 2
Release 2.
If you are writing your programs in COBOL/VSE or PL/I VSE then the LE/VSE
run-time library components that match the language you are using must be
installed.
Chapter 7. Debug Tool for VSE/ESA
109
7.2.6 VSE Partition Requirements
The minimum recommended partition size for batch programs running with
Debug Tool is 6MB. Batch programs can run with Debug Tool in either a static or
dynamic partition. The partition in which an interactive Debug Tool session starts
is unavailable to other users for the duration of the Debug Tool session.
7.3 How to Invoke Debug Tool
You can invoke Debug Tool in any of the following ways:
1. Interactive debug with CICS
2. Batch debug using a command file
3. Batch execution with interactive debug session
4. Batch debug using CEETEST
In the following sessions, we use a sample COBOL program SAMPD5 to show
you the various ways to invoke Debug Tool. The program SAMPD5 is as the
following in Figure 12:
IDENTIFICATION DIVISION.
PROGRAM-ID. SAMPD5.
ENVIRONMENT DIVISION.
DATA DIVISION.
WORKING-STORAGE SECTION.
77 AA PIC 99.
77 BB PIC 99.
77 CC PIC 99.
77 DD PIC 99.
PROCEDURE DIVISION.
MOVE 4 TO AA BB.
MOVE 5 TO CC.
MOVE 3 TO DD.
IF AA = BB AND NOT LESS THAN CC OR DD DISPLAY ′ 1 ′ .
IF (AA = BB) AND ( AA NOT < CC ) OR ( AA NOT < DD )
DISPLAY ′ 2 ′ .
STOP RUN.
Figure 12. SAMPD5 - COBOL Sample Program for Debug Tool
7.3.1 Interactive Debug with CICS
To use Debug Tool under CICS, you need to ensure that you have completed all
of the required installation and configuration steps for CICS, LE/VSE, and Debug
Tool. Please see the related LE/VSE and Debug Tool manuals for details.
In this section, you compile the program SAMPD5 with compile option TEST and
link-edit it. Then you define the program SAMPD5 and a transaction SAM5 to
CICS. After entering transaction code SAM5, you start the execution of the
program SAMPD5. An interactive debug session starts immediately on the same
terminal as the SAM5 transaction entered.
Before you compile SAMPD5, you need to assemble the LE/VSE default options
module CEEUOPT. The sample job EQAWIVC3 already assembles and catalogs
an LE/VSE options module CEEUOPT for the CICS environment. Therefore, you
110
Migration to COBOL/VSE
can also use this options module for link-editing your SAMPD5 phase. The TEST
option in the CEEXOPT macro sets the Debug Tool options for your CICS
program. Modify the sample job control to meet your requirements before
submitting the job. Figure 13 shows the job EQAWIVC3; tailoring requirements
for each statement are discussed in the notes. You can find this job in your
Debug Tool library.
* $$ JOB JNM=EQAWIVC3,CLASS=4
1
* $$ PUN DISP=I,PRI=6,CLASS=4
// JOB EQAWIVC3
// LIBDEF *,SEARCH=(PRD2.SCEEBASE)
2
// ASSGN SYSIPT,SYSRDR
// EXEC IESINSRT
// JOB EQAWIVC3
*
*
Step 2: Catalog module CEEUOPT.OBJ
*
// EXEC LIBR,PARM=′ MSHP;ACCESS SUBLIB=PRD2.TEMP′
* $$ END
*
*
Step 1: Assemble the LE/VSE default options
*
// OPTION DECK
// EXEC ASMA90,SIZE=ASMA90
PUNCH ′ CATALOG CEEUOPT.OBJ,REPLACE=YES′
PRINT ON,NOGEN
CEEUOPT CSECT
CEEUOPT AMODE ANY
CEEUOPT RMODE ANY
CEEXOPT TEST=(ALL,*,PROMPT,*)
4
END
/*
// ASSGN SYSIPT,SYSRDR
// EXEC IESINSRT
/*
#&
$ $$ EOJ
* $$ END
/&
* $$ EOJ
3
Figure 13. Job Control for EQAWIVC3
Notes:
1Modify the VSE/POWER job control statements for your site.
2If necessary, change the sublibrary to match the sublibrary where
LE/VSE is installed.
3Change ′SUBLIB=PRD2.TEMP′ as appropriate for your site. This is
where the options module CEEUOPT will be cataloged.
4 The TEST option in the CEEXOPT macro.
EQAWIVC3 creates two jobs and returns two output listings. The first job is the
assembly of the default options module CEEUOPT; if successful, this job
Chapter 7. Debug Tool for VSE/ESA
111
completes with return code zero. The second job catalogs the object module
CEEUOPT; if successful, this job completes with return code zero.
In order to invoke Debug Tool interactively under CICS, you need the following
job control COM5N to compile and link-edit your program. You may need to
modify the job control to meet your requirements before submitting the job.
Tailoring requirements for each statement are discussed in the notes.
* $$ JOB JNM=COM5N,DISP=D,CLASS=4,NTFY=YES
1
* $$ LST DISP=D,CLASS=Q,PRI=3
+------------------- 2
// JOB COM5N COMPILE PROGRAM SAMPD5
|
+---------- 3
// LIBDEF *,SEARCH=(PRD2.TEMP,PRD2.SCEEBASE,PRD2.PROD)
4
// SETPARM CATALOG=1
|___________________________________|
// IF CATALOG = 1 THEN
// GOTO CAT
// OPTION ERRS,SXREF,SYM,LIST,NODECK
// GOTO ENDCAT
/. CAT
// LIBDEF PHASE,CATALOG=PRD2.TEMP
4
// OPTION ERRS,SXREF,SYM,NODECK,CATAL
PHASE SAMPD5,*
INCLUDE CEEUOPT
5
/. ENDCAT
// EXEC IGYCRCTL,SIZE=IGYCRCTL,PARM=′ EXIT(PRTEXIT(EQALIST))′ 6
CBL LIB,APOST,NOADV,RENT,BUF(4096),TEST
7
* $$ SLI ICCF=(SAMPD5),LIB=(0010)
/*
// IF CATALOG NE 1 OR $MRC GT 4 THEN
// GOTO NOLNK
// EXEC LNKEDT
/. NOLNK
/&
* $$ EOJ
Figure 14. COM5N - Interactive Debug with CICS
Notes:
1 Make sure the partition size is big enough to run Debug Tool
interactively.
2If necessary, change the sublibrary to match the sublibrary where
LE/VSE is installed.
3If necessary, change the sublibrary to match the sublibrary where
Debug Tool and COBOL/VSE are installed (Debug Tool and COBOL/VSE
might not be installed in the same sublibrary).
4 Debug Tool writes a profile settings file (member-name. DTSAFE) to
the first sublibrary in the LIBDEF SOURCE search chain. The DTSAFE
member is used to save the Debug Tool session settings when your
debug session terminates; these settings are used as your defaults for
future debugging sessions. The phase SAMPD5 created by the link-edit is
written to this sublibrary also. You need to add this sublibrary to the
LIBDEF SOURCE and LIBDEF PHASE job control statements in your CICS
startup job control. If you do not want to add this sublibrary to your CICS
system, you can:
112
Migration to COBOL/VSE
•
Copy the listing member SAMPD5.LIST to a sublibrary that exists in
your CICS LIBDEF SOURCE search chain.
•
Copy the phase SAMPD5.PHASE to a sublibrary that exists in your
CICS LIBDEF PHASE search chain.
5 You include a user run-time options module, CEEUOPT, to define TEST
run-time options. Debug Tool runs in the mode defined in the run-time
TEST option you supplied. Don′t forget to remove the CEEUOPT containing
your run-time TEST option when you finish debugging your program. For
instructions on how to create the CEEUOPT run-time options module,
follow the steps described in page 116 of the Debug Tool for VSE/ESA
User ′ s Guide and Reference . In this sample, we used:
CEEXOPT TEST=(ALL,*,PROMPT,*)
This can be considered as an overwrite modifying the system-wide
LE/CICS run-time options in order to activate Debug Tool.
6 In order for you to view the program you are debugging, Debug Tool
must have access to a file containing the program source statements. For
COBOL, Debug Tool must have access to the listing generated by the
compiler. Debug Tool supplies the compiler print exit program EQALIST to
assist you in storing the compiler listing for your COBOL programs to disk
files. EQALIST is invoked by using the COBOL compile-time option.
7 When you compile with the TEST option, the compiler creates the
dictionary tables that Debug Tool uses to obtain information about
program variables, and inserts program hooks at selected points in your
program. Your source is not modified. These points can be at the
entrances and exits of blocks, at statement boundaries, and at points in
the program where program flow might change between statement
boundaries (called path points), such as before and after a CALL
statement. Using these hooks, you can set breakpoints to instruct Debug
Tool to gain control of your program at selected points during its
execution.
The compile-time TEST sub-options control the production of such
debugging aids as dictionary tables and program hooks that Debug Tool
needs to debug your program. Specifying TEST with no sub-option is
equivalent to TEST(ALL,SYM).
Submit this job and make sure it runs without error. (Return code 2 indicates
unresolved weak external references during the link-edit step. This return code
is normal and does not indicate an error.) Now you need to define your program
and transaction to CICS in order to invoke Debug Tool interactively:
•
CEDA DEF PROG(sampd5) LANG(COBOL) GROUP(test)
•
CEDA DEF TRAN(sam5) PROG(sampd5) GROUP(test)
•
CEDA INSTALL GROUP(test)
•
CEMT SET PROG(sampd5) NEW
Note: Whenever you modify your source program, you need to submit COM5N
to recompile the program and issue CEMT SET PROG(sampd5) NEW to get an
updated copy of the program.
Chapter 7. Debug Tool for VSE/ESA
113
7.3.2 Batch Debug Using a Command File
You can invoke Debug Tool from a batch job, including the Debug Tool
commands in the batch job. You need to compile your program with compile
option TEST. Then submit the job to execute your program. You get the
debugging result in SYSLST.
The job control COM5B in Figure 15 on page 115 compiles, link-edits, and
executes program SAMPD5 that invokes Debug Tool.
114
Migration to COBOL/VSE
* $$ JOB JNM=COM5B,DISP=D,CLASS=4,NTFY=YES
* $$ LST DISP=D,CLASS=Q,PRI=3
// JOB COM5B BATCH DEBUG USING A COMMANDS FILE
// LIBDEF *,SEARCH=(PRD2.TEMP,PRD2.SCEEBASE,PRD2.PROD)
// SETPARM CATALOG=1
// IF CATALOG = 1 THEN
// GOTO CAT
// OPTION ERRS,SXREF,SYM,LIST,NODECK
// GOTO ENDCAT
/. CAT
// LIBDEF PHASE,CATALOG=PRD2.TEMP
// OPTION ERRS,SXREF,SYM,NODECK,CATAL
PHASE SAMPD5B,*
/. ENDCAT
// EXEC IGYCRCTL,SIZE=IGYCRCTL
1
CBL LIB,APOST,NOADV,RENT,BUF(4096),TEST
* $$ SLI ICCF=(SAMPD5),LIB=(0010)
/*
// IF CATALOG NE 1 OR $MRC GT 4 THEN
// GOTO NOLNK
// EXEC LNKEDT,SIZE=256K
*
* TO EXEC YOUR PROGRAM WITH DEBUG TOOL
*
// EXEC SAMPD5B,SIZE=AUTO,PARM=′ / TEST(,SYSIPT,,SYSIPT)′
*
* Preference file Input
*
SET MSGID ON;
3
/*
*
* Command file Input
*
LIST AA;
4
LIST BB;
LIST CC;
LIST DD;
GO;
LIST AA;
LIST BB;
LIST CC;
LIST DD;
SET MSGID OFF;
QUIT;
/*
/. NOLNK
/&
* $$ EOJ
2
Figure 15. COM5B - Batch Debug Using a Command File
Note:
1 The ′batch compile′ process in COBOL only produces one open/close
call for the listing file, no matter how many END PROGRAM units there
are. Thus, all compiler listings for the batch compile will be written to a
file named after the first compile unit name. The use of batch compiles
Chapter 7. Debug Tool for VSE/ESA
115
with the EQALIST exit is not recommended, as a single output file for
each compile unit will not be produced.
2 You can use the run-time TEST option to invoke Debug Tool and begin
testing your program. The option is passed as an execution time
parameter when you invoke your application program, as shown in the
following example:
// EXEC MYPROG,PARM=′ prog arg list / TEST(suboptions)′
The simplest form of the TEST option is TEST with no sub-option.
However, sub-options provide you with more flexibility. There are four
sub-options available:
•
test_level
•
commands_file
•
prompt_level
•
session_par and preferences_file
In this sample, it tells Debug Tool to read the preference file and the
command file from SYSIPT.
3 The preferences file is specified as a sub-option of the TEST run-time
option. It is processed by Debug Tool before any primary commands file
and is useful for setting up the Debug Tool environment. This file will
usually contain Debug Tool commands that you would use during every
Debug Tool session. For example, you can use it to set up your preferred
layout of the Debug Tool windows and the preferred screen colors for a
full-screen session.
If no preferences file is specified in the TEST run-time option, Debug Tool
looks for a default preferences file in the sublibrary member
userid.DTPREF. Debug Tool searches for this member in the sublibraries
specified in the SOURCE search chain.
4 The commands file can be specified to Debug Tool as a sub-option of
the TEST run-time option or by the Debug Tool USE command.
•
If a commands file is specified as part of the commands_file
sub-option of the TEST run-time option, it is termed a primary
commands file. The commands in a file specified in this way are
executed to end of file.
•
If a commands file is specified by the USE command, it is termed a
USE file. Commands in a USE file (unless the USE command is
included as part of a primary commands file) are executed until a
′non-returning′ command, such as GO, is encountered; any further
commands in the USE file are ignored.
The debugging results in SYSLST are as following:
116
Migration to COBOL/VSE
* DEBUG TOOL FOR VSE/ESA VERSION 1 RELEASE 1 MOD 0
* 02/12/97 10:33:42 AM
* (C) COPYRIGHT IBM CORP. 1992, 1996
SET MSGID ON ;
LIST AA ;
* EQA1576E THE ENVIRONMENT IS NOT YET FULLY INITIALIZED.
LIST BB ;
* EQA1576E THE ENVIRONMENT IS NOT YET FULLY INITIALIZED.
LIST CC ;
* EQA1576E THE ENVIRONMENT IS NOT YET FULLY INITIALIZED.
LIST DD ;
* EQA1576E THE ENVIRONMENT IS NOT YET FULLY INITIALIZED.
GO ;
1
2
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
EQA1306I YOU WERE PROMPTED BECAUSE THE CEE067 CONDITION WAS RAISED IN YOUR PROGRAM.
EQA1309I CEE067 IS A SEVERITY OR CLASS 1 CONDITION.
EQA1334I THE OPERATING SYSTEM HAS GENERATED THE FOLLOWING MESSAGE:
EQA1335I
CEE0199W THE TERMINATION OF A THREAD WAS SIGNALED DUE TO A STOP STATEMENT.
EQA1238I THE CURRENT LOCATION IS SAMPD5 :> 17.1.
LIST AA ;
EQA1141I AA = 04
LIST BB ;
EQA1141I BB = 04
LIST CC ;
EQA1141I CC = 05
LIST DD ;
EQA1141I DD = 03
SET MSGID OFF ;
QUIT ;
Figure 16. COM5B - Debugging Result in SYSLST
7.3.3 Batch Execution with Interactive Debug
You can get a full-screen debugging session by running a batch job, without
CICS. Firstly, you still need to compile your program with compile option TEST.
Then execute your program with run-time option /TEST. You will get a full-screen
debugging session on the terminal which you specified in the batch job.
The following job control in Figure 17 on page 118 compiles, link-edits and
executes program SAMPD5 that invokes Debug Tool interactively.
Chapter 7. Debug Tool for VSE/ESA
117
* $$ JOB JNM=COM5BI,DISP=D,CLASS=4,NTFY=YES
* $$ LST DISP=D,CLASS=Q,PRI=3
// JOB COM5BI BATCH EXECUTION WITH INTERACTIVE DEBUG
// LIBDEF *,SEARCH=(PRD2.TEMP,PRD2.SCEEBASE,PRD2.PROD)
// SETPARM CATALOG=1
// IF CATALOG = 1 THEN
// GOTO CAT
// OPTION ERRS,SXREF,SYM,LIST,NODECK
// GOTO ENDCAT
/. CAT
// LIBDEF PHASE,CATALOG=PRD2.TEMP
// OPTION ERRS,SXREF,SYM,NODECK,CATAL
PHASE SAMPD5BI,*
/. ENDCAT
// EXEC IGYCRCTL,SIZE=IGYCRCTL,PARM=′ EXIT(PRTEXIT(EQALIST))′
CBL LIB,APOST,NOADV,RENT,BUF(4096),TEST
* $$ SLI ICCF=(SAMPD5),LIB=(0010)
/*
// IF CATALOG NE 1 OR $MRC GT 4 THEN
// GOTO NOLNK
// EXEC LNKEDT,SIZE=256K
*
* RUN SAMPD5BI INVOKING DEBUG TOOL ON TERMINAL D08101
*
// EXEC SAMPD5BI,SIZE=AUTO,PARM=′ / TEST(,SYSIPT,,MFI%D08101:*)′ 1
*
* Command file Input
2
*
SET LOG ON FILE prd2.temp(sampd5.LOG);
3
MONITOR LIST DD;
LIST AA;
/*
/. NOLNK
/&
* $$ EOJ
Figure 17. COM5BI - Batch Execution with Interactive Debug
Notes:
1 The interactive debug session runs on the terminal with the VTAM LU
name ′D08101′. This terminal must not be in session with another
application when Debug Tool attempts to acquire it.
2You can include your command file in your job, while you get an
interactive debug session. The command file in your batch job will be
executed first. Then you can get a full-screen debugging session and you
can enter Debug Tool commands also.
3Debug Tool can record commands and their generated output in a
session log file. By default, Debug Tool writes the session log to SYSLST.
The default under CICS is no log file. The SET LOG command can be used
to change the log file from the default. Issuing the command SET LOG
OFF can be used to suppress output to the log file. The session log can
be used as a commands file for a later Debug Tool session without having
to edit out the results from a previous run.
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Migration to COBOL/VSE
In Figure 17, you indicate to Debug Tool that a file is a sublibrary
(prd2.temp) member by enclosing the member name and type
(sampd5.log) in parentheses and connecting the name and type with a
period (.) character.
7.3.4 Batch Debug using CEETEST
Debug Tool can also be invoked directly from within your program using the
LE/VSE callable service CEETEST and get the debugging result in SYSLST.
Using CEETEST, you can invoke Debug Tool from within your program and send
it a string of commands. If no command string is specified, or the command
string is insufficient, Debug Tool prompts you for commands from your terminal
or reads them from the commands file. In addition, you have the option of
receiving a feedback code that tells you whether the invocation procedure was
successful.
The syntax for CEETEST is:
CALL ″CEETEST″ USING string_of_commands,fc
You can define ′string_of_commands′ and ′fc′ (feedback code) in the
WORKING-STORAGE SECTION of your COBOL program.
The following is a sample program invoking Debug Tool with CEETEST. A
command string is passed to Debug Tool at its invocation and the feedback code
is returned.
IDENTIFICATION DIVISION.
PROGRAM-ID. SAMPD55.
ENVIRONMENT DIVISION.
DATA DIVISION.
WORKING-STORAGE SECTION.
77 FC
PIC X(12) VALUE ZEROES.
1
77 DEBUGTOOL PIC X(7) VALUE ′ CEETEST′ .
.
. (your source code)
.
01 PARMS.
02 EE
PIC 99
VALUE 14.
02 FF
PIC X(11) VALUE ′ LIST CALLS;′ .
PROCEDURE DIVISION.
CALL DEBUGTOOL USING PARMS FC.
3
.
. (your source code)
.
STOP RUN.
2
Figure 18. SAMPD55 - Sample Program Invoking Debug Tool with CEETEST
Notes:
1 FC is a 12-byte feedback code that indicates the result of this service.
LE/VSE provides a callable service called CEEDCOD to help you decode
the fields in the feedback code. Requesting the return of the feedback
code is recommended. See LE/VSE Programming Reference for details.
Chapter 7. Debug Tool for VSE/ESA
119
2 A command string is passed to Debug Tool at its invocation and the
feedback code is returned.
3 The statement that invokes Debug Tool.
The job control in Figure 19 compiles, link-edits and runs program SAMPD55 in
Figure 18 on page 119 with Debug Tool.
* $$ JOB JNM=COM55,DISP=D,CLASS=4,NTFY=YES
* $$ LST DISP=D,CLASS=Q,PRI=3
// JOB COM55 COMPILE PROGRAM SAMPD55
// LIBDEF *,SEARCH=(PRD2.TEMP,PRD2.SCEEBASE,PRD2.PROD)
// SETPARM CATALOG=1
// IF CATALOG = 1 THEN
// GOTO CAT
// OPTION ERRS,SXREF,SYM,LIST,NODECK
// GOTO ENDCAT
/. CAT
// LIBDEF PHASE,CATALOG=PRD2.TEMP
// OPTION ERRS,SXREF,SYM,NODECK,CATAL
PHASE SAMPD55,*
/. ENDCAT
// EXEC IGYCRCTL,SIZE=IGYCRCTL
CBL LIB,APOST,NOADV,RENT,BUF(4096),TEST
4
* $$ SLI ICCF=(SAMPD55),LIB=(0010)
/*
// IF CATALOG NE 1 OR $MRC GT 4 THEN
// GOTO NOLNK
// EXEC LNKEDT,SIZE=256K
// EXEC SAMPD55,SIZE=AUTO
5
/. NOLNK
/&
* $$ EOJ
Figure 19. COM55 - Sample Job Invoking Debug Tool Using CEETEST
Notes:
4 If you don′t want to compile your program with hooks, you can use
CEETEST calls to invoke Debug Tool at strategic points in your program. If
you decide to use this method, you still need to compile your program
with the TEST option so that symbolic information is created for Debug
Tool.
5 When SAMPD55 is executed, Debug Tool is invoked. You will get the
debugging result in SYSLST.
7.4 How to Debug Your Program in Full-Screen Mode
This section describes the most common feature of Debug Tool. It helps you
start using this tool to debug your programs quickly.
Before using Debug Tool you must compile at least one part of your program
with the compile-time TEST option. This inserts hooks, which are assembly
instructions that you can see in an assembly listing. The execution of these
120
Migration to COBOL/VSE
hooks enables Debug Tool to gain control during program execution. Please see
previous samples for the details of the compile-time TEST option.
7.4.1 Using a COBOL Program to Demonstrate a Debug Tool Session
This section uses a simple COBOL program SAMPSRT to demonstrate how to
use Debug Tool to debug your program when there is a problem during the
execution. You can find the complete description of Debug Tool commands in
the Debug Tool for VSE/ESA User ′ s Guide and Reference .
When a program does not work as you expect, you may determine and solve the
problem with the following steps:
1. If an abend message occurred, find the statement that is issuing the
message.
2. If output data is not as expected, find the first ′bad′ record of the output and
the corresponding input record. Then find the statements which process the
input record.
3. Review the source code lines which are suspected.
4. Insert some DISPLAY statements to monitor the status of variables.
5. Recompile the program.
6. Execute and test the program.
7. Analyze the result.
8. Retry Step 4 to Step 7 until the cause of the problem is found.
9. Modify the source program.
10. Test the program again till you get the expected result.
11. Delete DISPLAY statements for debugging from the program.
12. Source program update complete.
Using Debug Tool, you can interactively perform Step 4 to Step 11 without
modifying the source program.
The following program SAMPSRT is supposed to sort characters alphabetically,
and by intention contains a flaw.
Chapter 7. Debug Tool for VSE/ESA
121
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
IDENTIFICATION DIVISION.
PROGRAM-ID. SAMPSRT.
ENVIRONMENT DIVISION.
DATA DIVISION.
WORKING-STORAGE SECTION.
01 STRX.
02 STR1 PIC X(40).
02 STRD REDEFINES STR1 OCCURS 40 PIC X.
77 STRLEN PIC 99 VALUE ZEROS.
77 COL1 PIC 99 VALUE ZEROS.
77 SORTMORE PIC 9 VALUE ZERO.
77 WW PIC X.
PROCEDURE DIVISION.
MOVE ′ RED BOOK′ TO STR1.
MOVE 8 TO STRLEN.
DISPLAY ′ SORT START =′ STR1.
MOVE 1 TO SORTMORE.
PERFORM UNTIL SORTMORE = 0
MOVE 0 TO SORTMORE
PERFORM VARYING COL1 FROM
1 BY 1 UNTIL COL1 > STRLEN
IF STRD ( COL1 ) > STRD ( COL1 + 1 )
MOVE STRD ( COL1 + 1 ) TO WW
MOVE STRD ( COL1 ) TO STRD ( COL1 + 1 )
MOVE WW TO STRD ( COL1 )
MOVE 1 TO SORTMORE
END-IF
END-PERFORM
END-PERFORM.
DISPLAY ′ SORT RESULT =′ STR1.
STOP RUN.
Figure 20. SAMPSRT - COBOL Source Program to Demonstrate Debug Tool
When you execute this program you will get the follow result:
SORT START =RED BOOK
SORT RESULT = BDEKOOR
Note: There are two blanks at the beginning of the result. There should be only
one blank. That is the problem.
Before you start to use the interactive debug session to debug this sample
program, you need to compile the program with the TEST option and define the
program and transaction to CICS. For details on how to invoke Debug Tool
interactively with CICS, refer to 7.3.1, “Interactive Debug with CICS” on
page 110.
7.4.1.1 Simple Execution to the End of the Program
You can execute this program as normal.
122
•
In CICS mode, enter transaction SSRT to start the debug session.
•
When you see the full debugging screen, press PF9(GO). PF9(GO) runs your
program until a breakpoint is reached, the program ends, or a condition is
raised.
•
The program is executed and stops at the STOP RUN statement.
•
Enter LIST STR1 in the command line and you will get the following result in
the Log window:
Migration to COBOL/VSE
STR1 = ′
′
BDEKOOR
If you use the LIST command to list the contents of an uninitialized variable,
or a variable that contains invalid data, Debug Tool will display INVALID
DATA .
•
Enter DESCRIBE ATTRIBUTES STR1 and you will see:
ATTRIBUTES FOR STR1
ITS LENGTH IS 40
ITS ADDRESS IS 01F88408
02 SAMPSRT:>STR1 X(40) DISP
You can use this action as a simple browser for group items and data
hierarchies.
•
Enter LIST STORAGE (STR1,16) and you will get 16 bytes of storage for STR1:
01F88408 4040C2C4 C5D2D6D6D9404040 40404040 * BDEKOOR
•
*
Press PF3 to quit and enter Y to confirm.
7.4.1.2 Step Through the Program and Monitor a Variable′s Value
To continuously display or monitor a variables value, you can issue most LIST
commands preceded by the word MONITOR. For example, enter MONITOR LIST
STR1. The output for this command will be continuously displayed in the Monitor
window. The MONITOR command makes it easy to watch values while stepping
through your program.
Pressing PF2(STEP) runs your program, halting on the next hook encountered. If
you compiled your program with TEST(ALL,SYM) , PF2(STEP) performs one
statement.
Now you can keep pressing PF2(STEP) to execute your program step by step. At
the same time, you can monitor the value of STR1 from the Monitor window.
Press PF3 to quit and enter Y to confirm.
7.4.1.3 Setting Breakpoints to Halt the Execution
The AT command defines a breakpoint or a set of breakpoints. By defining
breakpoints, you can temporarily suspend program execution and use Debug
Tool to perform other tasks. By specifying an AT-condition, you instruct Debug
Tool when to gain control. You can also specify in the AT command what action
Debug Tool should take when the AT-condition occurs.
A breakpoint for the specified AT-condition remains established until either
another AT command establishes a new action for the same AT-condition or a
CLEAR command removes the established breakpoint.
In this example, there are two PERFORM statements. You want to check at every
end of the outer loop. You can do the following:
•
In CICS mode enter transaction SSRT to start the debugging session.
•
For example, you want to halt at line 27 (END-PERFORM). However, AT 27
LIST STR1 command is rejected because END-PERFORM statement is not
suitable for a breakpoint.
•
Enter AT 19 LIST STR1 and press PF9(GO). You will get the results every
time at the beginning of the outer loop. Press PF9(GO) three times, you will
see:
Chapter 7. Debug Tool for VSE/ESA
123
GO;
STR1 = ′ RED BOOK
GO;
STR1 = ′ ED BOOK R
GO;
STR1 = ′ D BEOK OR
′
′
′
According to the result, the second display of STR1 has two blanks which is not
the expected result. To confirm that, you need to quit and enter the session
again.
•
Press PF3 and enter Y to confirm.
•
In CICS mode, enter transaction SSRT.
•
Enter AT 19 LIST STR1 .
•
Enter AT 24 IF WW= ′ ′ LIST TITLED(COL1,WW);END-IF;
•
Press PF9(GO) nine times and you will see the following:
GO;
STR1
GO;
GO;
GO;
COL1
WW =
GO;
GO;
GO;
GO;
GO;
COL1
WW =
= ′ RED BOOK
′
= 03
″ ″
= 08
″ ″
There is a problem in the first loop, when COL1 is 8. At this point, it is clear that
this sort logic uses an out of range character. The condition of UNTIL COL1 >
STRLEN is not correct.
7.4.1.4 Modifying the Value of a Variable
Now that you know where the problem is, you can modify the value of STRLEN
interactively to fix the problem.
•
Press PF3 and enter Y to confirm it.
•
In CICS mode, enter transaction SSRT.
•
Enter AT 17 COMPUTE STRLEN = STRLEN - 1 .
(You may also enter AT 17 MOVE 7 TO STRLEN.)
•
Press PF9(GO) twice.
•
Program execution finished. Enter LIST (STR1,STRLEN) and you will see:
STR1 = ′ BDEKOOR
STRLEN = 07
′
This is the expected result. Now you can start to modify your source program
using one of the following:
124
•
Add COMPUTE STRLEN = STRLEN - 1. at line 17, or
•
Change the UNTIL statement to COL1 > STRLEN - 1 , or
Migration to COBOL/VSE
•
Change the UNTIL statement to C O L 1 > = S T R L E N .
7.4.1.5 Restrictions on COBOL-like Commands
To make testing COBOL programs easier, Debug Tool allows you to write
debugging commands in a manner resembling COBOL statements. It does this
by providing an interpretive subset of COBOL language statements. This
interpretive subset is a list of commands recognized by Debug Tool that either
closely resembles or duplicates the syntax and action of the appropriate COBOL
statements. This not only allows you to work with familiar commands, but also
simplifies the insertion into your source code of program patches developed
while in your Debug Tool session.
However, some restrictions apply to the use of the COBOL commands
COMPUTE, MOVE, and SET; the conditional execution command, IF; the multiway
switch, EVALUATE; the iterative looping command, PERFORM; and the
subroutine call, CALL.
For details on the restrictions, please see Chapter 10 ′Using Debug Tool with
COBOL Programs′ in the Debug Tool for VSE/ESA User ′ s Guide and Reference .
For a complete list of Debug Tool commands, see Chapter 13 ′Using Debug Tool
Commands′ in the Debug Tool for VSE/ESA User ′ s Guide and Reference .
7.5 Limitations of Debug Tool for VSE/ESA
Debug Tool for VSE fully supports the process of debugging multilanguage
applications. There are no limitations when all the programs in the application
were compiled with an LE-conforming compiler.
However, if the application contains programs compiled with a
non-LE-conforming compiler, Debug Tool will not support source-level debugging
of those programs.
The application will execute unhindered while control is within a program written
in an unsupported language. Debug Tool will regain control and allow debug
commands to be issued once execution returns to a program unit written in a
supported language.
Debug Tool for VSE does not support the cooperative mode of operation where
the program being debugged is executing on a VSE/ESA host system and Debug
Tool is executing on a programmable workstation (PWS).
Debug Tool for VSE cannot execute without an active LE/VSE Release 4
environment.
Chapter 7. Debug Tool for VSE/ESA
125
126
Migration to COBOL/VSE
Chapter 8. Performance Considerations
Although the LE/VSE and language publications provide information about
performance, here are some very specific recommendations to help you
overcome potential problems.
Please realize that the performance you may experience depends upon the
release of COBOL to which you are comparing, the amount of tuning you have
done, and the particular characteristics of the programs themselves.
In this chapter we will discuss the performance considerations and the specific
compiler options that affect the performance.
8.1 Transferring Control to Another Program
In the Procedure Division, a program can call another program, and the called
program may itself call yet another program. When the called program
processing is completed, the program can either transfer control back to the
calling program or end the run unit. This kind of technique helps to limit the use
of GETVIS area, and thus improves the performance.
A called program must not directly or indirectly execute its caller (such as
program X calling program Y; program Y calling program Z; and program Z then
calling program X). This is called a recursive call. If you attempt to execute a
recursive call to a COBOL program, the run unit will end abnormally (abend).
Very often you will want your COBOL/VSE programs to communicate with other
COBOL and non-COBOL programs. So to transfer control from one COBOL/VSE
program to another COBOL/VSE program, you can use one of these methods:
•
Calls to nested program
•
Static calls
•
Dynamic calls
8.1.1 Nested Programs
Nested programs, first introduced in VS COBOL II, means that a COBOL source
program can contain another COBOL source program, and a contained COBOL
source program can in turn contain other COBOL source programs.
Using nested programs instead of separately compiled programs will improve
the performance. Nested programs are resolved during compilation, thereby
removing the call altogether which substantially improves performance. You can
use nested copy statements to code nested programs.
8.1.2 Static and Dynamic Calls
In addition to making calls between COBOL/VSE programs, you can also make
static and dynamic calls between COBOL/VSE and VS COBOL II programs and,
in a non-CICS environment, between COBOL/VSE and DOS/VS COBOL
programs. In a CICS environment you must use EXEC CICS LINK to transfer
control between COBOL/VSE and DOS/VS COBOL programs.
 Copyright IBM Corp. 1997
127
Dynamic calls from VS COBOL II and COBOL/VSE to DOS/VS COBOL programs
are supported with the following restrictions:
•
The DOS/VS COBOL program must be relinked with the LE/VSE COBOL
Run-Time compatibility library.
•
DOS/VS COBOL programs that are segmented cannot be loaded into GETVIS
storage. These are programs that are compiled with LANGLVL(1) and specify
the SEGMENT-LIMIT clause.
•
The debug options STATE, FLOW, COUNT and SYMDMP are disabled.
A static call is used to invoke a separately compiled program that is link-edited
into the same phase as the calling program. A dynamic call is used to invoke a
separately compiled program that has been link-edited into a separate phase
from the calling program. In this case, the subprogram is loaded into storage the
first time it is called.
Note: Although they may use more storage than dynamic calls, static calls are
executed more quickly.
8.1.3 Dynamic CALL instead of EXEC CICS LINK
Within a CICS environment use a dynamic CALL rather than an EXEC CICS LINK.
DOS/VS COBOL had a restriction that any called subroutine could not issue
EXEC CICS commands. This resulted in widespread use of EXEC CICS LINK to
subroutines. However, this restriction does not exist with COBOL/VSE and
LE/VSE and dynamic calls are recommended.
Why? EXEC CICS LINK causes LE/VSE to create a nested enclave which will
have its own resources such as storage. The termination of this enclave with an
EXEC CICS RETURN will free these resources, but along the way there will be
more LE/VSE code executed and a corresponding degradation in performance.
CICS/VSE 2.3 uses VSE/ESA GETVIS/FREEVIS services for CICS storage obtained
or released above 16MB, so this will incur further overhead.
Note: There is the APAR PQ03907 for CICS/VSE that addresses this overhead.
The PTFs UQ06448 and UQ06449 solve this problem.
8.2 COBOL/VSE Compiler Options that Affect Performance
The default options that were set up when your compiler was installed will be in
effect for your program unless you replace them with other options, and they can
affect performance at run time.
The tuning methods and performance information discussed here are intended to
help you select from various COBOL/VSE options for compiling your program.
But before changing defaults of the options make sure that the installed options
are not required.
A brief description of each item is followed by performance advantages and
disadvantages.
A detailed description of these options can be found in the manual COBOL/VSE
Programming Guide .
128
Migration to COBOL/VSE
8.2.1 DYNAM
The DYNAM compiler option dynamically loads subprograms invoked through
the CALL statement at run time.
Performance advantages
Using DYNAM means easier subprogram maintenance since the
application will not have to be relink-edited if the subprogram is
changed.
When using the DYNAM option, you can free virtual storage that is no
longer needed by issuing the CANCEL statement.
Performance disadvantages
You pay a slight performance penalty using DYNAM since the call
must go through an LE/VSE routine.
8.2.2 FASTSRT
The FASTSRT compiler option specifies that the DFSORT/VSE product (or
equivalent) will handle the I/O.
Performance advantages
FASTSRT eliminates the overhead of returning to COBOL/VSE after
each record is processed.
Performance disadvantages
No performance disadvantages.
8.2.3 NUMPROC(PFD),(NOPFD),(MIG)
Use this compiler option for sign processing when coding numeric comparisons.
Performance advantages
NUMPROC(PFD) generates significantly more efficient code for
numeric comparisons.
Performance disadvantages
For most references to COMP-3 and DISPLAY numeric data items,
using NUMPROC(MIG) and NUMPROC(NOPFD) causes extra code to
be generated because of sign ″fix up″ processing. This extra code
may also inhibit some other types of optimizations.
8.2.4 OPTIMIZE
Use the OPTIMIZE compiler option to ensure your code is optimized for better
performance.
Performance advantages
Generally results in more efficient run-time code.
Performance disadvantages
OPTIMIZE requires more processing time for compiles than
NOOPTIMIZE.
8.2.5 RENT
Use the RENT compiler option to generate a reentrant program.
Performance advantages
Using RENT enables the program to be placed in the Shared Virtual
Area (SVA) for running above the 16-megabyte line on an extended
addressing system.
Chapter 8. Performance Considerations
129
Performance disadvantages
Using RENT generates additional code to ensure that the program is
reentrant.
8.2.6 SSRANGE
The SSRANGE compiler option verifies that all subscripts, indexes, and reference
modification expressions are within proper bounds.
Performance advantages
No performance advantages.
Performance disadvantages
SSRANGE generates additional code for verifying subscripts.
8.2.7 TEST
The TEST compiler option with any hook-location sub-option other than NONE
(that is, ALL,STMT,PATH,BLOCK) produces object code that can take full
advantage of and be run under Debug Tool/VSE.
Performance advantages
No performance advantages.
Performance disadvantages
Since the TEST compiler option with any hook-location sub-option
other than NONE generates additional code, it can cause significant
performance degradation when used in a production environment.
8.2.8 TRUNC(STD),(OPT),(BIN)
The compiler option creates code that will shorten the receiving fields of
arithmetic operations.
Performance advantages
TRUNC(OPT) does not generate extra code and generally improves
performance.
Performance disadvantages
Both TRUNC(BIN) and TRUNC(STD) generate extra code whenever a
BINARY data item is changed. TRUNC(BIN) is usually the slowest of
these options.
8.3 CICS Compiler Options Considerations
If you compile CICS code, the following compiler options are required:
RES
RENT
NODYNAM
LIB (if the program has a COPY on BASIS statement in it)
The CICS translator always inserts a line into COBOL/VSE programs that
specifies:
CBL RES,RENT,NODYNAM,LIB
You cannot replace these compiler options with options passed when you invoke
the compiler (for example, with PARM=...).
130
Migration to COBOL/VSE
The input file for the compiler is the file you received as a result of the
translation, which is SYSPCH by default.
Although the CICS translator automatically issues the above CBL statement, the
COBOL/VSE compiler will always issue a warning message, because the RES
option is not valid (COBOL/VSE always runs RESIDENT), whereas VS COBOL II
has the RES/NORES compiler option. The warning message can be ignored.
Recommended Options:
TRUNC(BIN) is recommended only for those applications that use binary data
items that may contain more than nine digits in a fullword or more than four
digits in a halfword.
WORD(CICS) is recommended if you want those COBOL language elements not
supported under CICS to be flagged at compile time. You use WORD(xxxx) to
specify that an alternative reserved word table is to be used during compilation.
COBOL/VSE provides an alternate reserved word table (IGYCCICS) specifically
for CICS applications. It is set up so that COBOL words not supported under
CICS are flagged with an error message.
In addition to the default COBOL restricted word table, the CICS reserved word
table restricts the following COBOL words:
Table 9. CICS Reserved Word Table
ACCEPT
FILE-CONTROL
RERUN
CLOSE
INPUT-OUTPUT
REWRITE
DELETE
I-O-CONTROL
SD
DISPLAY
MERGE
SORT
FD
OPEN
START
FILE
READ
WRITE
8.4 Additional Performance Considerations
8.4.1 ALL31(ON) - LE/VSE Run-time Option
Running all applications with run-time option ALL31(ON) provides a performance
improvement over ALL31(OFF). This is because there is code within LE/VSE to
test and switch addressing modes if required. This has further implications.
Running with ALL31(OFF) means that HEAP and STACK storage must be
allocated below-the-line.
Under CICS with ALL31(OFF) the Thread control blocks are not pre-allocated, so
the Run-Unit Initialization routine must issue a CICS GETMAIN for below-the-line
storage for these control blocks. This therefore requires the Run-Unit
Termination routine to also issue a CICS FREEMAIN to release the storage for
these control blocks.
The supplied batch default is ALL31(OFF), the supplied CICS default is
ALL31(ON).
Chapter 8. Performance Considerations
131
8.4.2 Link-Edit Parameters
To gain maximum benefit from storage above the 16MB line, always attempt to
link-edit your program AMODE 31 and RMODE ANY, either by default, or if
appropriate by using AMODE and RMODE link-edit parameters.
This is especially true for programs link-edited AMODE ANY because VSE/ESA
will always invoke these programs in AMODE 24. In this case you must explicitly
override the link-edit AMODE by means of link-edit parameters.
Note: For COBOL/VSE programs the RMODE and RENT compiler options can
affect the resulting AMODE and RMODE of the link-edited program.
8.4.3 Considerations for VSAM Performance
APAR PN84947/UN92489 VSAM SHOWCB - (LE/VSE COBOL only)
Improve your VSAM performance, particularly when reading a large number of
records, by ensuring that this fix is applied, if you are still running LE/VSE 1.1.
This PTF is already incorporated in the LE/VSE 1.4 base code.
Although there will be an improvement on VSE/ESA 1.4 there will be even better
gains on a VSE/ESA 2.1 system with Turbo Dispatcher.
8.5 DFSORT/VSE STXIT/NOSTXIT
Were you aware that DFSORT/VSE is provided as the only IBM sort product with
VSE/ESA 2.1 and above?
Maybe not! This is because SORT control statements are mostly compatible
amongst the different products, and you may be using DFSORT/VSE without
being aware of it. Further, you may not be aware that DFSORT/VSE has
introduced new error handling features which will have a direct effect on SORT
performance. The new STXIT option introduced by DFSORT/VSE (and supplied
as the default), will invoke additional SVC overhead for every DFSORT/VSE user
exit.
Why may this be a problem?
All language products use SORT user exits to handle input and output
processing (E15 and E35 exits). These exits are usually called for each record
passed to SORT(E15) and passed back from SORT(E35). With the STXIT option,
DFSORT/VSE issues the STXIT SVC on return from every SORT user exit. So for
languages, there is an additional overhead for each record passed to sort and
each record returned. In addition, LE/VSE also provides error condition handling
via the TRAP(ON) run-time option, so it also must issue the STXIT SVC to
re-establish its error handling on return from DFSORT/VSE. But this will only
occur if the DFSORT/VSE STXIT option is set. So use the DFSORT/VSE NOSTXIT
option. Either change the DFSORT/VSE supplied defaults (STXIT=YES|NO) or
add NOSTXIT to a DFSORT/VSE OPTION statement and pass it to the application
program.
Notes:
1. A detailed description of these performance issues can be found in the
Information APAR II09745.
2. For COBOL/VSE, the FASTSRT compiler option is available to bypass
DFSORT/VSE exit processing in some circumstances. Read the appropriate
section in the IBM COBOL for VSE/ESA Programming Guide for details.
132
Migration to COBOL/VSE
3. If you use a non-IBM SORT product, the same considerations may apply.
Change the equivalent SORT STXIT option if necessary.
4. The same considerations will apply to DOS/VS COBOL using DFSORT/VSE.
8.6 Service Issues with Vendor Products
Most Vendor tape and disk managers such as CA-DYNAM, CA-DYNAM/T and
CA-EPIC, interface with LE/VSE OPEN processing. Typically, these products
intercept the OPEN to provide the required functionality.
Because of the increased number of pre-OPEN checks introduced by VS COBOL
II (for ANSI 85 conformance), changes to VS COBOL II OPEN processing were
required to enable the vendor code to function correctly. For VS COBOL II the
vendor interface was provided by a number of VS COBOL II APARs/PTFs.
The solution provided was considered to be a temporary measure because of
the technique used (communicating via the Label Parameter List (LPL) during a
call to the LABEL macro processor ($IJBSLA)).
With LE/VSE, the VSE/ESA PRODEXIT facility was introduced, providing a
standard interface without the need to change VSE/ESA control blocks. Ask your
Vendor, if the product they supply, requires the PRODEXIT interface.
What kinds of problems can be expected, if the vendor interface has not been
enabled?
Typically problems will be seen during OPEN processing of SAM or VSAM
managed SAM files.
How do I obtain diagnostic information for file OPEN problems?
An SDAID Branch trace is usually the best way to obtain information to help
debug a failing file OPEN.
You will be directed by your IBM support representative on the modules that
must be traced. This will vary according to the file type (for example VSAM or
SAM) of the file being opened.
The following are examples of SDAID control statements:
•
COBOL SAM file
TRACE BR AR=ALL PHASE=IGZEQOC OUTP=GREG
•
COBOL VSAM file
TRACE BR AR=ALL PHASE=IGZEVOC OUTP=GREG
TRACE BR AR=ALL PHASE=IGZEVOP OUTP=GREG
Chapter 8. Performance Considerations
133
134
Migration to COBOL/VSE
Appendix A. Sample Case of Language Conversion
This chapter shows an example to give you practical information about COBOL
migration to COBOL/VSE.
(REMARKS: This example is not a ″good program″. Please keep in mind the
average program cannot contain so many incompatibilities.)
A.1
Sample Conversion of DOS/VS COBOL LANGLVL(2)
There are six problems in total:
•
1 ALPHABET clause changes -SPECIAL NAMES paragraph
•
2 reserved keyword list change
•
3 MOVE statements and comparison change
•
4 UNSTRING statements -subscript evaluation changes
•
5 ALPHABETIC class change
•
6 PERFORM statement -changes in the VARYING/AFTER options
Since the programs which can be compiled by VS COBOL II with CMPR2 are
very similar to DOS/VS COBOL LANGLVL(2), these problems are common also
in VS COBOL II CMPR2.
 Copyright IBM Corp. 1997
135
IDENTIFICATION DIVISION.
PROGRAM-ID. SAMPD2.
ENVIRONMENT DIVISION.
CONFIGURATION SECTION.
SPECIAL-NAMES.
ALPHA-NAME IS STANDARD-1.1
DATA DIVISION.
WORKING-STORAGE SECTION.
77 AA PIC X(40).
77 BB PIC X(40).
77 N1 PIC 9(3).
77 N2 PIC 9(5).
01 FLAG-AREA.
03 REPLACE PIC 9.2
03 NO-DATA PIC 9.
01 P1 PIC 999PP. 3
01 CC-TAB.
03 CCX PIC X(120) VALUE SPACE.
03 CC REDEFINES CCX OCCURS 3 PIC X(40).
01 I PIC 999.
*
PROCEDURE DIVISION.
*
** UNSTRING
MOVE ′ XX YYY ZZZZ WW′
TO AA.
MOVE 1 TO I.
UNSTRING AA DELIMITED BY ALL SPACES4
INTO BB COUNT IN I
CC( I ) .
DISPLAY ′ I=′ 1 ′ VALUE=′ CC ( 1 )
DISPLAY ′ I=′ 2 ′ VALUE=′ CC ( 2 )
DISPLAY ′ I=′ 3 ′ VALUE=′ CC ( 3 )
*
MOVE 12300 TO P1.
IF P1 = ′12300′ DISPLAY ′ P1=12300′ . 3
IF P1 = ′ 1 2 3 ′
DISPLAY ′ P1=123′ .
IF P1 = ′123 ′ DISPLAY ′ P1=123__′ .
*
MOVE ′ Abcde′ TO AA.
IF AA IS ALPHABETIC DISPLAY ′ Ax IS ALPHA′ . 5
MOVE ′ ABCDE′ TO AA.
IF AA IS ALPHABETIC DISPLAY ′ AX IS ALPHA′ . 5
*
PERFORM DISP1 VARYING N1 FROM 1 BY 1 UNTIL N1 > 36
AFTER N2 FROM N1 BY 1 UNTIL N2 > 5.
STOP RUN.
*
*
DISP1.
DISPLAY ′ N1,N2= ′ N1 ′ ′ N2.
Figure 21. SAMPD2 - Sample Source of DOS/VS COBOL LANGLVL(2)
136
Migration to COBOL/VSE
This program can be compiled and executed in a DOS/VS COBOL LANGLVL(2)
environment. The result is:
I=1 VALUE=
4
I=2 VALUE=YYY
I=3 VALUE=
P1=12300
3
AX IS ALPHA
5
N1,N2= 001 00001 6
N1,N2= 001 00002
N1,N2= 001 00003
N1,N2= 001 00004
N1,N2= 001 00005
N1,N2= 002 00001
N1,N2= 002 00002
N1,N2= 002 00003
N1,N2= 002 00004
N1,N2= 002 00005
N1,N2= 003 00002
N1,N2= 003 00003
N1,N2= 003 00004
N1,N2= 003 00005
Figure 22. Result of SAMPD2 in Old Environment
When this source is compiled in a COBOL/VSE environment, there are some
compile errors. After the correction of compile errors, some incompatibilities
remain.
•
1 ALPHABET clause changes -SPECIAL NAMES paragraph
IGYDS1325-E The ALPHABET clause did not start with the ″ALPHABET″
keyword. The clause was accepted. (ALPHABET keyword must be added.)
•
2 reserved keyword change
SYNTAX ERROR (REPLACE is a new keyword. You must rename this.)
A.1.1 OUTPUT of CCCA for the Sample Source
If you use CCCA, most of the syntax conversion was made automatically. In this
case CCCA converted the source as follows:
MSGID
ABJ6170
ABJ6268
ABJ6171
ABJ6026
RC MESSAGE TEXT
00
00
00
04
ALPHABET WORD IS ADDED1
DATA NAME IS AN ANSI 85 RESERVED WORD2
ALPHABETIC CHANGED TO ALPHABETIC 5
SCALED VARIABLE FOUND 68 STANDARD INTERPRETATION
*MANUAL UPDATE MAY BE REQUIRED
3
ABJ6025 08 UNSTRING..DEL. BY ALL FOUND 68 STANDARD INTERPRETATION
*MANUAL UPDATE REQUIRED
4
ABJ6253 08 RULES FOR AUGMENTING VARIABLES HAVE CHANGED. IF DEPENDENCIES
BETWEEN VARIABLES EXIST, THEN
*MANUAL UPDATE MAY BE REQUIRED
6
Figure 23. CCCA Messages for Conversion of SAMPD2
•
125 were converted.
•
346 were flagged.
Appendix A. Sample Case of Language Conversion
137
000010 IDENTIFICATION DIVISION.
000020 PROGRAM-ID. SAMPD2.
000030*
PROGRAM CONVERTED BY
000040*
COBOL CONVERSION AID PO 5785-ABJ
000050*
CONVERSION DATE 01/31/97 12:27:35.
000060 ENVIRONMENT DIVISION.
000070 CONFIGURATION SECTION.
000080 SPECIAL-NAMES.
000090
ALPHABET ALPHA-NAME IS STANDARD-1. 1
000100 DATA DIVISION.
000110 WORKING-STORAGE SECTION.
000120 01 LCP-ABND-CODE
PIC S999 COMP VALUE +519.
000130 77 AA PIC X(40).
000140 77 BB PIC X(40).
000150 77 N1 PIC 9(3).
000160 77 N2 PIC 9(5).
000170 01 FLAG-AREA.
000180
03 REPLACE-74 PIC 9. 2
000190
03 NO-DATA PIC 9.
000200 01 P1 PIC 999PP.3
000210 01 CC-TAB.
000220
03 CCX PIC X(120) VALUE SPACE.
000230
03 CC REDEFINES CCX OCCURS 3 PIC X(40).
000240 01 I PIC 999.
000250*
000260 PROCEDURE DIVISION.
000270*
000280** UNSTRING
000290
MOVE ′ XX YYY ZZZZ WW′
TO AA.
000300
MOVE 1 TO I.
000310
UNSTRING AA DELIMITED BY ALL SPACES4
000320
INTO BB COUNT IN I
000330
CC( I ) .
000340
DISPLAY ′ I=′ 1 ′ VALUE=′ CC ( 1 )
000350
DISPLAY ′ I=′ 2 ′ VALUE=′ CC ( 2 )
000360
DISPLAY ′ I=′ 3 ′ VALUE=′ CC ( 3 )
000370*
000380
MOVE 12300 TO P1.
000390
IF P1 = ′12300′ DISPLAY ′ P1=12300′ . 3
000400
IF P1 = ′ 1 2 3 ′
DISPLAY ′ P1=123′ .
000410
IF P1 = ′123 ′ DISPLAY ′ P1=123__′ .
000420*
000430
MOVE ′ Abcde′ TO AA.
000440
IF AA IS ALPHABETIC-UPPER DISPLAY ′ Ax IS ALPHA′ . 5
000450
MOVE ′ ABCDE′ TO AA.
000460
IF AA IS ALPHABETIC-UPPER DISPLAY ′ AX IS ALPHA′ . 5
000470*
000480
PERFORM DISP1 VARYING N1 FROM 1 BY 1 UNTIL N1 > 36
000490
AFTER N2 FROM N1 BY 1 UNTIL N2 > 5.
000500
STOP RUN.
000510*
000520*
000530 DISP1.
000540
DISPLAY ′ N1,N2= ′ N1 ′ ′ N2.
000550 LCP-LCP-LCP-EXIT-PROGRAM SECTION.
000560
CALL ′ ILBOABN0′ USING LCP-ABND-CODE.
000570 END PROGRAM SAMPD2.
Figure 24. CCCA Output of SAMPD2
138
Migration to COBOL/VSE
The compile errors were solved automatically in this case. However, the result of
execution is different as follows: (In addition, if 5was not converted by CCCA,
there will be two lines for the result: Ax is ALPHA AX is ALPHA.)
To get the exact same result, we need some manual modifications.
I=1 VALUE=YYY 4
I=2 VALUE=
I=3 VALUE=
P1=123
3
P1=123__
AX IS ALPHA 5
N1,N2= 001 00001 6
N1,N2= 001 00002
N1,N2= 001 00003
N1,N2= 001 00004
N1,N2= 001 00005
N1,N2= 002 00002
N1,N2= 002 00003
N1,N2= 002 00004
N1,N2= 002 00005
N1,N2= 003 00003
N1,N2= 003 00004
N1,N2= 003 00005
Figure 25. Result of SAMPD2 in New Environment
The difference of the result is:
•
4YYY is assigned to cc(1) instead of cc(2).
In the UNSTRING statement, the evaluation of variable I is not made
dynamically. So the value of I is 1 during execution of UNSTRING.
•
3P1 not equal to ″12300″.
•
6The values of N2 are different.
In the PERFORM..VARYING/AFTER statement, the increment rule of second
/third.. loop counters was changed to the ″natural″ way.
According to the new rule, this loop is the same as follows:
PERFORM VARYING N1 FROM 1 BY 1 UNTIL N1 > 3
PERFORM VARYING N2 FROM N1 BY 1 UNTIL N2 > 5
PERFORM DISP1
END-PERFORM
END-PERFORM.
A.1.2 Manual Conversion of the Sample Source
The following manual conversions were required:
•
3 A test area (TESTAREA) was reserved for comparison.
•
4 The UNSTRING statement was divided into two statements.
•
6 A dummy subroutine EX-1 was defined for emulating intermediate control
of COBOL 74 standard.
Appendix A. Sample Case of Language Conversion
139
000010 IDENTIFICATION DIVISION.
000020 PROGRAM-ID. SAMPD2.
000030*
PROGRAM CONVERTED BY
000040*
COBOL CONVERSION AID PO 5785-ABJ
000050*
CONVERSION DATE 01/31/97 12:27:35.
000060 ENVIRONMENT DIVISION.
000070 CONFIGURATION SECTION.
000080 SPECIAL-NAMES.
000090
ALPHABET ALPHA-NAME IS STANDARD-1.1
000100 DATA DIVISION.
000110 WORKING-STORAGE SECTION.
000120 01 LCP-ABND-CODE
PIC S999 COMP VALUE +519.
000130 77 AA PIC X(40).
000140 77 BB PIC X(40).
000150 77 N1 PIC 9(3).
000160 77 N2 PIC 9(5).
000160 77 N3 PIC 9(5).
000170 01 FLAG-AREA.
000180
03 REPLACE-74 PIC 9.2
000190
03 NO-DATA PIC 9.
000200 01 TEST-AREA.
000200
03 P1 PIC 999PP.3
000200
03 FILLER PIC XX VALUE ′ 0 0 ′ .
000210 01 CC-TAB.
000220
03 CCX PIC X(120) VALUE SPACE.
000230
03 CC REDEFINES CCX OCCURS 3 PIC X(40).
000240 01 I PIC 999.
000250 01 USTR-PTR PIC 999.
000260*
000270 PROCEDURE DIVISION.
000280*
000290** UNSTRING
000300
MOVE ′ XX YYY ZZZZ WW′
TO AA.
000310
MOVE 1 TO I.
000320
MOVE 1 TO USTR-PTR.
000330
UNSTRING AA DELIMITED BY ALL SPACES4
000340
INTO BB COUNT IN I POINTER USTR-PTR.
000330
UNSTRING AA DELIMITED BY ALL SPACES4
000350
INTO CC( I ) POINTER USTR-PTR.
000360
DISPLAY ′ I=′ 1 ′ VALUE=′ CC ( 1 )
000370
DISPLAY ′ I=′ 2 ′ VALUE=′ CC ( 2 )
000380
DISPLAY ′ I=′ 3 ′ VALUE=′ CC ( 3 )
000390*
000400
MOVE 12300 TO P1.
000410
IF TEST-AREA = ′12300′ DISPLAY ′ P1=12300′ . 3
000420
IF TEST-AREA = ′123′
DISPLAY ′ P1=123′ .
000430
IF TEST-AREA = ′123 ′ DISPLAY ′ P1=123__′ .
000440*
000450
MOVE ′ Abcde′ TO AA.
000460
IF AA IS ALPHABETIC-UPPER DISPLAY ′ Ax IS ALPHA′ . 5
000470
MOVE ′ ABCDE′ TO AA.
000480
IF AA IS ALPHABETIC-UPPER DISPLAY ′ AX IS ALPHA′ .
000490*
000491
MOVE 1 TO N3.
000500
PERFORM EX-1 VARYING N1 FROM 1 BY 1 UNTIL N1 > 3.6
000520
STOP RUN.
000530*
000530 EX-1.
000510
PERFORM DISP1 VARYING N2 FROM N3 BY 1 UNTIL N2 > 5.
000511
MOVE N1 TO N3.
000540*
000550 DISP1.
000560
DISPLAY ′ N1,N2= ′ N1 ′ ′ N2.
000570 LCP-LCP-LCP-EXIT-PROGRAM SECTION.
000580
CALL ′ ILBOABN0′ USING LCP-ABND-CODE.
000590 END PROGRAM SAMPD2.
Figure 26. SAMPD2 After Manual Update
*
140
Migration to COBOL/VSE
Appendix B. Special Notices
This publication is intended to assist customer and IBM technical personnel in
the conversion of DOS/VS COBOL and VS COBOL II applications to COBOL/VSE
and LE/VSE.
The information in this publication is not intended as a specification of any
programming interfaces that are provided by VSE/ESA or COBOL/VSE and
LE/VSE. See the PUBLICATIONS section of the IBM Programming
Announcement for these products for more information about what publications
are considered to be product documentation.
References in this publication to IBM products, programs or services do not
imply that IBM intends to make these available in all countries in which IBM
operates. Any reference to an IBM product, program, or service is not intended
to state or imply that only IBM′s product, program, or service may be used. Any
functionally equivalent program that does not infringe any of IBM′s intellectual
property rights may be used instead of the IBM product, program or service.
Information in this book was developed in conjunction with use of the equipment
specified, and is limited in application to those specific hardware and software
products and levels.
IBM may have
this document.
these patents.
Licensing, IBM
patents or pending patent applications covering subject matter in
The furnishing of this document does not give you any license to
You can send license inquiries, in writing, to the IBM Director of
Corporation, 500 Columbus Avenue, Thornwood, NY 10594 USA.
Licensees of this program who wish to have information about it for the purpose
of enabling: (i) the exchange of information between independently created
programs and other programs (including this one) and (ii) the mutual use of the
information which has been exchanged, should contact IBM Corporation, Dept.
600A, Mail Drop 1329, Somers, NY 10589 USA.
Such information may be available, subject to appropriate terms and conditions,
including in some cases, payment of a fee.
The information contained in this document has not been submitted to any
formal IBM test and is distributed AS IS. The information about non-IBM
(″vendor″) products in this manual has been supplied by the vendor and IBM
assumes no responsibility for its accuracy or completeness. The use of this
information or the implementation of any of these techniques is a customer
responsibility and depends on the customer′s ability to evaluate and integrate
them into the customer′s operational environment. While each item may have
been reviewed by IBM for accuracy in a specific situation, there is no guarantee
that the same or similar results will be obtained elsewhere. Customers
attempting to adapt these techniques to their own environments do so at their
own risk.
Any performance data contained in this document was determined in a
controlled environment, and therefore, the results that may be obtained in other
operating environments may vary significantly. Users of this document should
verify the applicable data for their specific environment.
 Copyright IBM Corp. 1997
141
Reference to PTF numbers that have not been released through the normal
distribution process does not imply general availability. The purpose of
including these reference numbers is to alert IBM customers to specific
information relative to the implementation of the PTF when it becomes available
to each customer according to the normal IBM PTF distribution process.
The following terms are trademarks of the International Business Machines
Corporation in the United States and/or other countries:
ACF/VTAM
APPN
CICS
Current
DB2
GDDM
IIN
ISSC
MERVA
PR/SM
Processor Resource/Systems Manager
PSF
SKI
System/390
VM/ESA
VTAM
3090
AFP
C/370
CICS/VSE
DATABASE 2
DFSORT
IBM
ILE
Language Environment
NetView
Print Services Facility
PS/2
QMF
SQL/DS
VisualGen
VSE/ESA
XT
The following terms are trademarks of other companies:
C-bus
DOS
HP
PC Direct
SX
UNIX
Windows, Windows 95 logo
386
142
Migration to COBOL/VSE
Corollary, Inc.
Microsoft Corporation
Hewlett-Packard Company
Ziff Communications Company (used by IBM Corporation
under license)
Intel Corporation
X/Open Company Ltd. (registered trademark in the United
States and other countries)
Microsoft Corporation
Intel Corporation
Appendix C. Related Publications
The publications listed in this section are considered particularly suitable for a
more detailed discussion of the topics covered in this redbook.
C.1 International Technical Support Organization Publications
For information on ordering these ITSO publications see “How to Get ITSO
Redbooks” on page 145.
•
Migration to VSE/ESA 2.1 - Why and How , SG24-4773
•
Taking Advantage of IBM Language Environment for VSE/ESA , SG24-4798
•
Preparing Your VSE System for the Year 2000 , SG24-4932
C.2 Redbooks on CD-ROMs
Redbooks are also available on CD-ROMs. Order a subscription and receive
updates 2-4 times a year at significant savings.
CD-ROM Title
System/390 Redbooks Collection
Networking and Systems Management Redbooks Collection
Transaction Processing and Data Management Redbook
AS/400 Redbooks Collection
RS/6000 Redbooks Collection (HTML, BkMgr)
RS/6000 Redbooks Collection (PostScript)
Application Development Redbooks Collection
Personal Systems Redbooks Collection
Subscription
Number
SBOF-7201
SBOF-7370
SBOF-7240
SBOF-7270
SBOF-7230
SBOF-7205
SBOF-7290
SBOF-7250
Collection Kit
Number
SK2T-2177
SK2T-6022
SK2T-8038
SK2T-2849
SK2T-8040
SK2T-8041
SK2T-8037
SK2T-8042
C.3 Other Publications
These publications are also relevant as further information sources.
Language Environment for VSE/ESA Release 4
•
Installation and Customization Guide , SC33-6682
•
Programming Reference , SC33-6685
•
Run-Time Migration Guide , SC33-6687
COBOL for VSE/ESA
•
Migration Guide , GC26-8070
•
Installation and Customization Guide , SC26-8071
•
Programming Guide , SC26-8072
•
Language Reference , SC26-8073
VS COBOL II
•
Migration Guide for VSE , GC26-3150
Debug Tool for VSE/ESA
•
 Copyright IBM Corp. 1997
User ′ s Guide and Reference , SC26-8797
143
•
Installation and Customization Guide , SC26-8798
COBOL and CICS Command Level Conversion Aid for VSE
•
CCCA/VSE Installation and User ′ s Guide , SC26-8269
COBOL Report Writer Precompiler
•
Installation and Operation for VSE/ESA , SC26-4864
•
Programmer ′ s Manual , SC26-4301
COBOL Structuring Facility/MVS and VM Version 3
•
COBOL/SF Host User ′ s Guide , SC26-3278
•
COBOL/SF Reference Guide , SC26-3411
VSE/ESA Publications
•
VSE/ESA General Information - What ′ s New V2.1 and V2.2, GC33-6627
•
VSE/ESA Enhancements V2.2 , SC33-6629
•
VSE/ESA Planning V2.2 , SC33-6603
•
VSE/ESA Installation V2.1 , SC33-6604
•
VSE/ESA System Upgrade and Service V2.1 , SC33-6602
Year 2000 related publications
•
VSE/ESA Software Newsletter Special Issue - VSE and Year 2000 , G225-4508
•
The Year 2000 and 2-Digit Dates: A Guide for Planning and Implementation ,
GC28-1251, on the World Wide Web at
http://www.software.ibm.com/year2000/index.html
•
VSE/ESA Home Page , on the World Wide Web at
http://www.s390.ibm.com/vse/ .
Softcopy Publications
The following collection kit contains LE/VSE and LE/VSE-conforming language
product publications:
•
144
Migration to COBOL/VSE
VSE Collection , SK2T-0060
How to Get ITSO Redbooks
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Internet Listserver
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 Copyright IBM Corp. 1997
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Migration to COBOL/VSE
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148
Migration to COBOL/VSE
Glossary
abend.
Abnormal end of task.
abend code. A system code that identifies the
system message number and type of error condition
causing the abend.
abnormal termination. (1) The cessation of
processing prior to planned termination. (2) A system
failure or operator action that causes a job to end
unsuccessfully.
access. (1) To obtain the use of a computer resource.
(2) The use of an access method. (3) The manner in
which files or data sets are referred to by the
computer. (4) To obtain data from or to put data in
storage. (5) In FORTRAN, the means by which a
scoping unit accesses entities in a module
subprogram or, in the case of an internal procedure,
in its host. Such entities may be explicitly or
implicitly accessible. Access is provided by the USE
statement.
accuracy. (1) A quality of that which is free of error.
(2) A qualitative assessment of freedom from error,
with a high assessment corresponding to a small
error. (3) Contrast with precision.
action. In a conceptual schema language, one or
more elementary actions that, as a unit, change a
collection of sentences into another one or make
known a collection of sentences present in the
information base or conceptual schema.
activate. (1) To put a device into an operational
state. (2) To pass control to a program, procedure, or
routine. (3) To make a resource ready to perform its
function.
active. (1) Operational. (2) Pertaining to a file, page,
or program that is in main storage or memory, as
opposed to a file, page, or program that must be
retrieved from auxiliary storage; for example, an
active page in an IBM personal computer. (3) The
state of a resource when it has been activated and is
operational. Contrast with inactive, inoperative.
allocate. To assign a resource, such as a disk or a
diskette file, to perform a task.
analysis. The methodical investigation of a problem,
and the separation of the problem into smaller related
units for further detailed study.
American National Standards Institute (ANSI). An
organization consisting of producers, consumers, and
general interest groups, that establishes the
procedures by which accredited organizations create
and maintain voluntary industry standards in the
United States.
authorized program analysis report (APAR). A report
of a problem caused by a suspected defect in a
current unaltered release of a program.
application. (1) The use to which an information
processing system is put; for example, a payroll
application, an airline reservation application, a
network application. (2) A collection of software
components used to perform specific types of
user-oriented work on a computer.
application program. (1) A program that is specific to
the solution of an application problem. Synonymous
with application software. (2) A program written for
or by a user that applies to the user′s work, such as a
program that does inventory control or payroll.
application software. (1) Software that is specific to
the solution of an application problem. (2) Software
coded by or for an end user that performs a service
or relates to the user′s work. See also system
software.
argument. (1) An independent variable. (2) Any value
of an independent variable; for example, a search
key; a number identifying the location of an item in a
table. (3) A parameter passed between a calling
program and a called program.
arithmetic statement. In COBOL, a statement that
causes an arithmetic operation to be executed.
Note: The arithmetic statements are the ADD,
COMPUTE, DIVIDE, MULTIPLY, and SUBTRACT
statements.
address. (1) A character or group of characters that
identifies a register, a particular part of storage, or
some other data source or destination. (2) To refer to
a device or an item of data by its address. (3) A
name, label, or number identifying a location in
storage, a device in a system or network, or any
other data source.
array element.
addressing. (1) The assignment of addresses to the
instructions of a program. (2) A means of identifying
storage locations. (3) Specifying an address or
location within a file.
assembler. (1) A translator that can assemble. (2) A
computer program that converts assembly language
instructions into object code.
 Copyright IBM Corp. 1997
A data item in an array.
assemble. To translate an assembly language
program into an object program.
149
assembly language.
language.
assembly listing.
Deprecated term for assembler
The output of an assembler.
attribute. (1) A named property of an entity. (2) In
FORTRAN, a property of a data object that may be
specified in a type declaration statement, namely data
type, type parameters, rank, shape, whether variable
or constant, initial value, accessibility (PUBLIC or
PRIVATE), intent (IN, OUT, or INOUT), whether
allocatable, whether alias, whether optional, whether
to be saved, and whether ranged.
automate. To convert a process or equipment to
automatic operation.
batch. (1) An accumulation of data to be processed.
(2) A group of records or data processing jobs
brought together for processing or transmission. (3)
Pertaining to activity involving little or no user action.
Contrast with interactive.
batch application. In VSE, a set of programs that
normally processes data without user interaction; for
example, an application to print a company payroll.
Such an application uses a device, a data file, or the
processor intensively for a longer time than online
applications.
batch job. A job submitted as a predefined series of
actions to be performed with little or no interaction
between user and system.
binary. (1) Pertaining to a selection, choice, or
condition that has two possible different values or
states. (2) Pertaining to a system of numbers to the
base two; the binary digits are 0 and 1.
binary-coded decimal notation (BCD). A binary-coded
notation in which each of the decimal digits is
represented by a binary numeral; for example, in
binary-coded decimal notation that uses the weights
8, 4, 2, 1, the number ″twenty-three″ is represented by
0010 0011 (compare its representation 10111 in the
pure binary numeration system).
blank. A part of a data medium in which no
characters are recorded.
block. (1) In programming languages, a compound
statement that coincides with the scope of at least
one of the declarations contained within it. A block
may also specify storage allocation or segment
programs for other purposes. (2) A string of data
elements recorded or transmitted as a unit. The
elements may be characters, words or physical
records. (3) A collection of contiguous records
recorded as a unit. Blocks are separated by interblock
gaps and each block may contain one or more
records. (4) A subdivision of a track on a diskette. (5)
In PL/I, a sequence of statements, processed as a
unit, that specify the scope of names and the
150
Migration to COBOL/VSE
allocation of storage for names declared within it.
Contrast with DO group. (6) In FORTRAN, a sequence
of executable constructs embedded in another
executable construct, bounded by statements that are
particular to the construct, and treated as an integral
unit. (7) In COBOL, a physical unit of data that is
normally composed of one or more logical records.
Synonymous with physical record.
breakpoint. (1) A point in a computer program where
execution may be halted. A breakpoint is usually at
the beginning of an instruction where halts, caused by
external intervention, are convenient for resuming
execution. (2) An instruction in a program for halting
execution. Breakpoints are usually established at
positions in a program where halts, caused by
external intervention, are convenient for restarting.
(3) A place in a program, specified by a command or
a condition, where the system halts execution and
gives control to the workstation user or to a specified
program.
browse. (1) To look at records in a file. (2) To look at
information without changing it. See also scan and
search. (3) To rapidly scan information on a display
screen by scrolling or paging.
built-in. In programming languages, pertaining to a
language object that is declared by the definition of
the programming language; for example, the built-in
function SIN in PL/I, the predefined data type INTEGER
in FORTRAN. Synonymous with predefined.
call. (1) The action of bringing a computer program,
a routine, or a subroutine into effect, usually by
specifying the entry conditions and jumping to an
entry point. (2) To transfer control to a procedure,
program, routine, or subroutine.
caller.
The requester of a service.
calling. The process of transmitting selection signals
in order to establish a connection between data
stations.
calling conventions. Specified ways for routines and
subroutines to exchange data with each other.
calling program. A program that requests execution
of another program (a called program).
cancel.
To end a task before it is completed.
capture. In optical character recognition, to gather
picture data from a field on an input document, using
a special scan.
CASE. Computer assisted software engineering. A
set of tools or programs to help develop complex
applications.
CEMT. The CICS-supplied transaction that allows
checking of the status of terminals, connections and
other CICS entities from a console or from CICS
terminal sessions.
character. (1) A member of a set of elements that is
used for the representation, organization, or control of
data. (2) A letter, digit, or other symbol that is used
as part of the organization, control, or representation
of data. A character is often in the form of a spatial
arrangement of adjacent or connected strokes. (3) In
COBOL, the basic indivisible unit of the COBOL
language.
character set. (1) A finite set of different characters
that is complete for a given purpose; for example, the
character set in ISO Standard 646. (2) An ordered set
of unique representations called characters; for
example, the 26 letters of the English alphabet,
Boolean 0 and 1, the set of symbols in the Morse
code, and the 128 ASCII characters. (3) A defined
collection of characters. (4) All the valid characters
for a programming language or for a computer
system.
character string. (1) A string consisting solely of
characters. (2) A sequence of consecutive characters
that are used as a value. (3) In COBOL, a sequence of
contiguous character that form a COBOL word, a
literal, a PICTURE character string, or a
comment-entry.
check. (1) A process for determining accuracy. (2) An
error condition. (3) To look for a condition.
choice.
An item that a user can select.
class. (1) In object-oriented design or programming,
a group of objects that share a common definition and
that therefore share common properties, operations,
and behavior. Members of the group are called
instances of the class. (2) Any category to which
things are assigned or defined. (3) In VSE/POWER, a
means of grouping jobs that require the same set of
resources.
clause. (1) In COBOL, an ordered set of consecutive
COBOL character-strings whose purpose is to specify
an attribute of an entry. (2) In SQL, a distinct part of
a statement in the language structure, such as a
SELECT clause or a WHERE clause.
COBOL (common business-oriented language). A
high-level programming language, based on English,
that is used primarily for business applications.
code. (1) A set of items, such as abbreviations,
representing the members of another set. (2) Loosely,
one or more computer programs, or part of a
computer program. (3) Instructions written for a
computer. (4) A representation of a condition, such as
an error code. (5) To write a routine. (7) To write
instructions for a computer. Synonymous with
program.
coded.
See binary-coded decimal notation.
collate. To alter the arrangement of a set of items
from two or more ordered subsets to one or more
other subsets each containing a number of items,
commonly one, from each of the original subsets in a
specified order that is not necessarily the order of
any of the original subsets.
column. (1) One of two or more vertical
arrangements of lines, positioned side by side on a
page or screen. (2) A vertical arrangement of
characters or other expressions. (3) A character
position within a print line or on a display. The
positions are numbered from 1, by 1, starting at the
leftmost character position and extending to the
rightmost position. (4) In COBOL, a character position
within a print line. Columns are numbered
consecutively from 1, starting at the leftmost
character position of the print line and extending to
the rightmost position of the print line.
combination. A given number of different elements
selected from a set without regard to the order in
which the selected elements are arranged. Contrast
with permutation.
Command. The typed name and parameters
associated with an action that can be performed by
an application. A command is one form of action
request.
command line. On a display screen, a display line
usually at the bottom of the screen, in which only
commands can be entered.
compact.
clear. (1) To put one or more storage locations or
registers into a prescribed state, usually that denoting
zero. (2) To cause one or more storage locations to
be in a prescribed state, usually that corresponding to
zero or that corresponding to the blank character.
close. (1) The function that ends the connection
between a file and a program, and ends the
processing. Contrast with open. (2) A data
manipulation function that ends the connection
between a file and a program. Contrast with open. (3)
To end the processing of a file.
Synonym for compress.
comparison. The process of examining two or more
items for identity, similarity, equality, relative
magnitude, or for order in a sequence.
compatibility. The capability of a hardware or
software component to conform with the interface
requirements of a given data processing system
without adversely affecting its functions.
compatible. (1) Pertaining to computers on which the
same programs can be run without appreciable
alteration. See also upward compatibility. (2)
Glossary
151
Pertaining to the capability of hardware or software to
meet the requirements of a specified interface.
compilation. Translation of a source program into an
executable program (an object program).
compile. (1) To translate all or part of a program
expressed in a high-level language into a computer
program expressed in an intermediate language, an
assembly language, or a machine language. (2) To
prepare a machine language program from a
computer program written in another programming
language by making use of the overall logic structure
of the program, or generating more than one
computer instruction for each symbolic statement, or
both, as well as performing the function of an
assembler. (3) To translate a source program into an
executable program (an object program). (4) To
translate a program written in a high-level
programming language into a machine language
program.
compiled program. The set of machine language
instructions that is the output of the compilation of a
source program.
compiler. (1) A translator that can compile. (2) A
program that translates a source program into an
executable program (an object program). (3) A
program that decodes instructions written as pseudo
codes and produces a machine language program to
be executed at a later time. (4) A program that
translates instructions written in a high-level
programming language into machine language.
compiler listing. A printout produced by compiling a
program or creating a file and that optionally
includes, for example, a line-by-line source listing,
cross-reference list, diagnostic information, and for
programs, a description of externally described files.
compiler options. Keywords that can be specified to
control certain aspects of compilation. Compiler
options can control the nature of the load module
generated by the compiler, the types of printed output
to be produced, the efficient use of the compiler, and
the destination of error messages.
completion code. A return code indicating that an
operation has ended.
component. (1) Hardware or software that is part of
a functional unit. (2) A functional part of an operating
system; for example, the scheduler or supervisor. (3)
A set of modules that performs a major function
within a system; for example, a compiler or a master
scheduler. (4) In systems with VSAM, a named,
cataloged collection of stored records, such as the
data component or index component of a
key-sequenced file or alternate index. (5) A part of a
structured type or value, such as an array.
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conceptual system design. A system design activity
concerned with specifying the logical aspects of the
system organization, its processes, and the flow of
information through the system.
condition. (1) One of a set of specified values that a
data item can assume. (2) An expression in a
program or procedure that can be evaluated as either
true or false when the program or procedure is
running. (3) In COBOL, the status of a program at
object time for which a truth value can be determined.
(4) In FORTRAN, a named circumstance in which it is
inappropriate to continue the normal execution
sequence.
connectivity. (1) The capability of a system or device
to be attached to other systems or devices without
modification. (2) The capability to attach a variety of
functional units without modifying them.
context. A stated or implied sense in which a thing
has meaning, or a category or scope to which it
applies.
control. The determination of the time and order in
which the parts of a data processing system and the
devices that contain those parts perform the input,
processing, storage, and output functions.
control block. A storage area used by a computer
program to hold control information. Synonymous with
control area.
conversion. (1) In programming languages, the
transformation between values that represent the
same data item but belong to different data types.
Information may be lost due to conversion since
accuracy of data representation varies among
different data types. (2) The process of changing from
one method of data processing to another or from one
data processing system to another. (3) The process of
changing from one form of representation to another;
for example, to change from decimal representation
to binary representation.
convert. To change the representation of data from
one form to another, without changing the information
they convey; for example, radix conversion, code
conversion, analog to digital conversion, media
conversion.
CPU.
Central processing unit. See also processor.
Customer Information Control System (CICS). An
IBM licensed program that enables transactions
entered at remote terminals to be processed
concurrently by user-written application programs. It
includes facilities for building, using, and maintaining
databases.
cycle. (1) An interval of space or time in which one
set of events or phenomena is completed. (2) Any set
of operations repeated regularly in the same
sequence. The operations may be subject to
variations on each repetition.
development time. The part of operating time used
for debugging new routines or hardware.
data. (1) A re-interpretable representation of
information in a formalized manner suitable for
communication, interpretation, or processing.
Operations can be performed upon data by humans or
by automatic means. (2) A representation of facts or
instructions in a form suitable for communication,
interpretation, or processing by human or automatic
means. Data include constants, variables, arrays, and
character strings.
device. A mechanical, electrical, or electronic
contrivance with a specific purpose.
DATABASE 2 (DB2). An IBM relational database
management system.
data item. (1) The smallest unit of named data that
has meaning in the schema or subschema.
Synonymous with data element. (2) A unit of data,
either a constant or a variable, to be processed. (3)
In COBOL, a unit of data, excluding literals, defined by
a COBOL program. (4) In FORTRAN, a constant,
variable, or array element.
data set. (1) The major unit of data storage and
retrieval, consisting of a collection of data in one of
several prescribed arrangements and described by
control information to which the system has access.
(2) See also file.
data value. In a database, an item of data viewed as
a member of a data type.
debug. (1) To detect, to locate, and to eliminate
errors in computer programs. (2) To detect, diagnose,
and eliminate errors in programs. (3) Synonymous
with checkout, troubleshoot.
debugger. A program or programs used to detect,
trace, and eliminate errors in computer programs or
other software.
debugging. Acting to detect and correct errors in
software or system configuration.
decode. (1) To convert data by reversing the effect
of some previous encoding. (2) To interpret a code.
default. Pertaining to an attribute, condition, value,
or option that is assumed when none is explicitly
specified.
default option. The implicit option assumed when no
option is explicitly stated.
delete. (1) A function that enables a user to remove
all or part of a previously entered text. (2) To remove
an object or a unit of data, such as a character, field,
or record.
design. See conceptual system design, functional
design, logic design, system design.
device independence. The capability to write and
execute programs or perform functions without regard
for the physical characteristics of devices. Contrast
with device dependence.
diagnostic. Pertaining to the detection and isolation
of errors in programs and faults in equipment.
dictionary. A database of specifications of data and
information processing resources.
disabled. Pertaining to a state of a processing unit
that prevents the occurrence of certain types of
interruptions. Synonymous with masked.
disk. (1) A round, flat, data medium that is rotated in
order to read or write data. (2) Loosely, a magnetic
disk unit. (3) Synonym for magnetic disk.
display. (1) A visual presentation of data. (2) To
present data visually. (3) Deprecated term for panel.
download. To transfer programs or data from a
computer to a connected device, typically a personal
computer. Contrast with upload.
dummy. Pertaining to the characteristic of having the
appearance of a specified thing but not having the
capacity to function as such; for example, a dummy
character, dummy plug, or dummy statement.
dump. (1) To record, at a particular instant, the
contents of all or part of one storage device in
another storage device. Dumping is usually for the
purpose of debugging. (2) To copy data in a readable
format from main or auxiliary storage onto an
external medium such as tape, diskette, or printer. (4)
To copy the contents of all or part of virtual storage
for the purpose of collecting error information.
dynamic. (1) In programming languages, pertaining
to properties that can only be established during the
execution of a program; for example, the length of a
variable-length data object is dynamic. (2) Pertaining
to an operation that occurs at the time it is needed
rather than at a predetermined or fixed time. (3)
Pertaining to events occurring at run time, or during
processing. (4) Contrast with static.
edit. (1) To add, change, delete, or rearrange data
and to perform operations such as code conversion
and zero suppression. (2) To enter, modify, or delete
data. (3) To modify a numeric field for output by
suppressing zeros and inserting commas, periods,
currency symbols, the sign status, or other constant
information.
Glossary
153
editor program. A computer program designed to
perform such functions as rearrangement,
modification, and deletion of data in accordance with
prescribed rules.
error condition. The state that results from an
attempt to execute instructions in a computer
program that are invalid or that operate on invalid
data.
element. (1) In a set, an object, entity, or concept
having the properties that define a set. (2) A
parameter value in a list of parameter values. (3)
The smallest unit of data in a table or array. (4) In
FORTRAN, see array element.
error message.
detected.
enable. (1) To make functional. (2) In interactive
communications, to load and start a subsystem.
Contrast with disable.
end of file (EOF). A coded character recorded on a
data medium to indicate the end of the medium. See
also end-of-file label.
An indication that an error has been
EXEC. In a VM operating system, a user-written
command file that contains CMS commands, other
user-written commands, and execution control
statements, such as branches.
execute. (1) To perform the actions specified by a
program or a portion of a program. (2) To carry out
an instruction.
executing phase.
Synonym for execute phase.
end-of-file label. (1) An internal label indicating the
end of a file and possibly containing data for file
control. (2) Synonymous with trailer label.
execution element (EE). An element in a central
processor that performs all floating-point, fixed-point
multiply, fixed-point divide, and convert operations.
enter. (1) To place on the line a message to be
transmitted from a terminal to the computer. (2) To
press the Enter/Rec Adv key (on a workstation
keyboard) or the Enter key (on the system console) or
a command function key to transfer keyed-in
information to the system for processing. (3) To type
in information on a keyboard and press the Enter key
to send the information to the computer.
execution. The process of carrying out an instruction
or instructions of a computer program by a computer.
entry. (1) In programming languages, a language
construct within a procedure, designating the start of
the execution sequences of the procedure. A
procedure may have more than one entry; each entry
usually includes an identifier, called the entry name,
and may include formal parameters. (2) An element of
information in a table, list, queue, or other organized
structure of data or control information. (3) A single
input operation on a terminal. (4) In FORTRAN, a
language construct within a procedure, designating
the start of the execution sequences of the procedure.
(6) In COBOL, any descriptive set of consecutive
clauses terminated by a separator period and written
in the Identification Division, Environment Division, or
Data Division of a COBOL program.
entry point (EP). (1) The address or label of the first
instruction executed on entering a computer program,
routine, or subroutine. A computer program, routine,
or subroutine may have a number of different entry
points, each perhaps corresponding to a different
function or purpose. Synonymous with entrance,
entry. (2) In a routine, any place to which control can
be passed.
error. (1) A discrepancy between a computed,
observed, or measured value or condition and the
true, specified, or theoretically correct value or
condition. (2) Contrast with failure, fault, malfunction,
mistake.
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Migration to COBOL/VSE
execution time. (1) Any instant at which the
execution of a particular computer program takes
place. (2) The amount of time needed for the
execution of a particular computer program. (3) The
time during which an instruction in an instruction
register is decoded and performed.
exit. To execute an instruction within a portion of a
computer program in order to terminate the execution
of that portion. Such portions of computer programs
include loops, subroutines, modules, and so on.
exit program.
Synonym for exit routine.
extended addressing. A direct-addressing mode that
can access any area in storage.
external. In programming languages, pertaining to a
language object that has a scope that extends beyond
one module; for example, the entry names of a
module.
facility. (1) An operational capability, or the means
for providing such a capability. (2) A service provided
by an operating system for a particular purpose; for
example, the checkpoint/restart facility.
feature. A part of an IBM product that may be
ordered separately by the customer. A feature is
designated as either special or specify and may be
designated also as diskette-only.
feedback. The return of part of the output of a
machine, process, or system as input to the computer,
especially for self-correcting or control purposes.
FF.
The form feed character.
field. On a data medium or a storage, a specified
area used for a particular class of data; for example,
a group of character positions used to enter or
display wage rates on a screen.
file. (1) A named set of records stored or processed
as a unit. (2) A collection of information treated as a
unit. (3) A collection of related data that is stored and
retrieved by an assigned name. (4) In COBOL, a
collection of logical records.
file attribute. Any of the attributes that describe the
characteristics of a file.
forward. To send information, such as received mail,
to someone else.
frame. (1) A data structure that consists of fields,
predetermined by a protocol, for the transmission of
user data and control data. The composition of a
frame, especially the number and types of fields, may
vary according to the type of protocol. Synonymous
with transmission frame. (2) A housing for machine
elements. (3) The hardware support structure,
covers, and all electrical parts mounted therein that
are packaged as one entity for shipping.
free storage.
file definition. (1) Information that describes the
contents and characteristics of a file. (2) In VM,
equating a CMS file identifier (file name, file type, file
mode) with an OS data set name via the FILEDEF
command, or equating a VSE file-id with a CMS file
identifier via the DLBL command. (3) In VM,
identifying the input or output files to be used during
execution of a program (via either the FILEDEF or
DLBL commands).
file description. A part of a file where file and field
attributes are described.
file description (FD) entry. In COBOL, an entry in the
File Section of the Data Division that is composed of
the level indicator FD, followed by a file-name, and
then followed by a set of file clauses as required.
file layout. The arrangement and structure of data or
words in a file, including the order and size of the
components of the file.
FILE-CONTROL. In COBOL, the name of an
Environment Division paragraph in which the data
files for a given source program are declared.
find.
Synonym for search.
fix. A correction of an error in a program, usually a
temporary correction or bypass of defective code.
flag. (1) A variable indicating that a certain condition
holds. (2) Any of various types of indicators used for
identification (3) A character that signals the
occurrence of some condition, such as the end of a
word. (4) Deprecated term for mark.
flaw. In computer security, an error of commission,
omission, or oversight that allows protection
mechanisms to be bypassed or disabled.
format. (1) In programming languages, a language
construct that specifies the representation, in
character form, of data objects in a file. (2) A
specified arrangement of such things as characters,
fields, and lines, usually used for displays, printouts,
or files. (3) To arrange such things as characters,
fields, and lines. (4) To arrange information on a page,
in a file, or on a display screen.
FS.
Storage that is not allocated.
The file separator character.
full-screen mode. (1) A form of screen presentation
in which the contents of an entire terminal screen can
be displayed at once. Full-screen mode is often used
for fill-in-the-blanks prompting. (2) In VM/ESA, a
mechanism to allow a virtual machine to have control
over a 3270 display screen. Contrast with line mode.
fullword.
Synonym for computer word.
function. (1) A mathematical entity whose value, that
is, the value of the dependent variable, depends in a
specified manner on the values of one or more
independent variables, not more than one value of
the dependent variable corresponding to each
permissible combination of values from the respective
ranges of the independent variables. (2) A subroutine
that returns the value of a single variable and that
usually has a single exit; for example, subroutines
that compute mathematical functions, such as sine,
cosine, logarithm, or that compute the maximum of a
set of numbers. (3) In the C and FORTRAN languages,
a named group of statements that can be called and
evaluated, and can return a value to the calling
statement. (4) In PL/I, a procedure that has a
RETURNS option in the PROCEDURE statement. A
function ends by running a RETURNS statement and
returning a scalar value to the point of call.
functional design. The specification of the functions
of the components of a system and of the working
relationships among them.
generate. (1) To produce a computer program by
selecting subsets from skeletal code under the control
of parameters. (2) To produce assembler language
statements from the model statements of a
macrodefinition when the definition is called by a
macroinstruction.
get.
To obtain a record from an input file.
group. (1) A set
same value for a
series of records
of lines repeated
of related records that have the
particular field in all records. (2) A
logically joined together. (3) A series
consecutively as a set on a
Glossary
155
full-screen form or full-screen panel. (4) A list of
names that are known together by a single name.
halfword. A contiguous sequence of bits or
characters that constitutes half a computer word and
can be addressed as a unit.
hardware. (1) All or part of the physical components
of an information processing system, such as
computers or peripheral devices. (2) The equipment,
as opposed to the programming, of a system. (3)
Contrast with software.
host system. (1) A data processing system used to
prepare programs and operating environments for
use on another computer or controller. (2) The data
processing system to which a network is connected
and with which the system can communicate. (3) The
controlling or highest level system in a data
communication configuration; for example, a
System/390 is the host system for the workstations
connected to it.
I-O-CONTROL. In COBOL, the name of an
Environment Division paragraph in which object
program requirements for rerun points, sharing of the
same areas by several data files, and multiple file
storage on a single input/output device are specified.
index. (1) A list of the contents of a file or of a
document, together with keys or references for
locating the contents. (2) In programming, an integer
that identifies the position of a data item in a
sequence of data items. (3) A symbol or a numeral
used to identify a particular quantity in an array of
similar quantities; for example, the terms of an array
represented by X1, X2,..., X100 have the indexes 1,
2,..., 100, respectively. (4) A table used to locate
records in an indexed sequential data set or an
indexed file. (5) In VSAM, an ordered collection of
pairs, each consisting of a key and a pointer, used by
VSAM to sequence and locate the records of a
key-sequenced data set or file; it is organized in
levels of index records. (6) In COBOL, a computer
storage area or register, the contents of which
represents the identification of a particular element in
a table.
information. In information processing, knowledge
concerning such things as facts, concepts, objects,
events, ideas, and processes, that within a certain
context has a particular meaning.
initial program load (IPL). (1) The initialization
procedure that causes an operating system to
commence operation. (2) The process of loading
system programs and preparing a system to run jobs.
(3) Synonymous with system restart, system startup.
ID. (1) Identifier. (2) Identification.
identification. In computer security, the process that
allows a system to recognize an entity by means of
personal, equipment, or organizational characteristics
or codes.
identifier. (1) One or more characters used to
identify or name a data element and possibly to
indicate certain properties of that data element. (2) In
programming languages, a token that names a data
object such as a variable, an array, a record, a
subprogram, or a function. (3) In COBOL, a
syntactically correct combination of a data name, with
its qualifiers, subscripts, and reference modifiers, as
required for uniqueness of reference, that names a
data item. The rules for an identifier associated with
the general formats may, however, specifically
prohibit qualification, subscripting, or reference
modification. (4) In FORTRAN, a lexical unit that
names a language object; for example, the names of
variables, arrays, and program units. The name of a
declared unit. (5) In PL/I, a single alphabetic character
or a string of alphabetic characters, digits, and break
characters that starts with an alphabetic character.
identifier, ordinary identifier.
implementation. The system development phase at
the end of which the hardware, software and
procedures of the system considered become
operational.
increment.
register.
156
A value used to alter a counter or
Migration to COBOL/VSE
initialization. (1) The operations required for setting a
device to a starting state, before the use of a data
medium, or before implementation of a process. (2)
Preparation of a system, device, or program for
operation. (3) See also initial machine load, IML,
initial program load.
input. (1) Pertaining to a device, process, or channel
involved in an input process, or to the associated
data or states. The word ″input″ may be used in place
of ″input data,″ ″input signal″, ″input process″, when
such a usage is clear in a given context. (2) Pertaining
to a functional unit or channel involved in an input
process or to the data involved in such a process. (3)
Loosely, input data, input process. (4) Information or
data to be processed.
input file. (1) A file that has been opened in order to
allow records to be read. Contrast with output file. (2)
In COBOL, a file that is opened in the input mode.
input program. A utility program that organizes the
input process of a computer.
insert. (1) A function or mode that enables the
introduction of additional characters within previously
entered text. (2) To introduce data between previously
stored items of data.
insertion. (1) The introduction of data or text within
previously stored data or text. (2) In a conceptual
schema language, the addition of a sentence to the
information base or to the conceptual schema.
install. (1) To add a program, program option, or
software to a system in such a manner that it is
runnable and interacts properly with all affected
programs in the system. (2) To connect hardware to a
system.
installation. (1) In system development, preparing
and placing a functional unit in position for use. (2) A
particular computing system, including the work it
does and the people who manage it, operate it, apply
it to problems, service it, and use the results it
produces.
instruction. (1) A language construct that specifies
an operation and identifies its operands, if any. (2) A
statement that specifies an operation to be performed
by a system and that identifies data involved in the
operation. (3) In COBOL, one or more clauses, the
first of which starts with a keyword that identifies the
instruction. Instructions affect the flow of control,
provide services to the programmer, or both.
integer. (1) One of the numbers zero, +1, -1, +2,
-2... Synonymous with integral number. (2) A positive
or negative whole number, that is, an optional sign
followed by a number that does not contain a decimal
place or zero. (3) In COBOL, a numeric literal or a
numeric data item that does not include any digit
position to the right of the assumed decimal point.
When the term ″integer″ appears in general formats,
the integer must not be a numeric data item, and
must not be signed, nor zero unless explicitly allowed
by the rules of that format.
integrated. Pertaining to a feature that is part of a
device. Synonymous with built-in.
integrated software. (1) Application software such as
spreadsheets, word processing programs, and
database management programs that can be used
interchangeably to exchange and operate on the
same data. (2) Personal computer application
software that allows the use of two or more
applications concurrently.
interaction. (1) A basic unit used to record system
activity, consisting of the acceptance of a line of
terminal input, processing of the line, and a response,
if any. (2) The exchange of information between a
user and a computer.
interactive. Pertaining to a program or system that
alternately accepts input and then responds. An
interactive system is conversational, that is, a
continuous dialog exists between user and system.
Contrast with batch.
interface. (1) A shared boundary between two
functional units, defined by functional characteristics,
signal characteristics, or other characteristics, as
appropriate. The concept includes the specification of
the connection of two devices having different
functions. (2) Hardware, software, or both, that links
systems, programs, or devices.
intrinsic. In FORTRAN, pertaining to types, operators,
procedures, and conditions, defined in the ANSI
FORTRAN Standard, that may be used in any scoping
unit without further definition or specification.
invocation. (1) The activation of a program or
procedure. (2) An execution of a program.
invoke.
To start a command, procedure, or program.
item. An element of a set of data; for example, a file
may consist of a number of items such as records
which in turn may consist of other items.
job. (1) A unit of work defined by a user that is to be
accomplished by a computer. Loosely, the term job is
sometimes used to refer to a representation of a job.
This representation may include a set of computer
programs, files, and control statements to the
operating system. (2) A collection of related
programs, identified by appropriate job control
statements.
job control. In VSE, a program called into storage to
prepare each job or job step to be run. Some of its
functions are to assign I/O devices to symbolic
names, set switches for program use, log (or print)
job control statements, and fetch the first phase of
each job step.
key. (1) An identifier within a set of data elements.
(2) One or more characters used to identify the record
and establish the order of the record within an
indexed file. (3) In VSAM, one or more consecutive
characters taken from a data record, used to identify
the record and establish its order with respect to
other records. (4) The value used to identify a record
in a keyed sequence file. (5) In COBOL, a data item
that identifies the location of a record, or a set of data
keyword. (1) In programming languages, a lexical
unit that, in certain contexts, characterizes some
language construct; for example, in some contexts, IF
characterizes an if-statement. A keyword normally
has the form of an identifier. (2) One of the predefined
words of an artificial language. (3) A name or symbol
that identifies a parameter. (4) Part of a command
operand that consists of a specific character string,
such as DISP=. (5) In PL/I, an identifier used with
related material that takes on a specific meaning,
such as an action to be taken or the characteristics of
data. (6) In COBOL, a reserved word whose presence
is required when the format in which the word
appears is used in a source program. (7) In
FORTRAN, a statement keyword or an argument
keyword. (8) Deprecated term for reserved word.
Glossary
157
label. (1) In programming languages, a language
construction naming a statement and including an
identifier. (2) An identifier within or attached to a set
of data elements. (3) A record that identifies a volume
on tape, disk, or diskette or that identifies a file on the
volume. (4) An identifier of a command generally used
for branching. (5) In PL/I, an identifier that names a
statement so that it can be referred to at some other
point in the program. (5) Synonymous with tag.
language. A set of characters, conventions, and rules
that is used for conveying information.
layout.
See file layout, record layout.
level. (1) The degree of subordination of an item in a
hierarchic arrangement. (2) In a hierarchical
database, the successive vertical dependencies of
records or segments. (3) The version of a program.
library. (1) A file or a set of related files; for
example, in stock control, a set of inventory control
files. (2) A repository for demountable recorded
media, such as magnetic disk packs and magnetic
tapes. (3) A collection of functions, calls, subroutines,
or other data. (4) A data file that contains files and
control information that allows them to be accessed
individually. (5) In VSE, a collection of data stored in
sublibraries on disk. A library consists of at least one
sublibrary in which data is stored as members of
various types such as phase, object module, or
source book.
reference to data. (3) A character string whose value
is given by the characters themselves; for example,
the numeric literal 7 has the value 7, and the
character literal ″CHARACTERS″ has the value
CHARACTERS. (4) In COBOL, a character-string
whose value is implied by the ordered set of
characters comprising the string.
load. (1) To feed data into a database. (2) To bring
all or part of a computer program into memory from
auxiliary storage so that the computer can run the
program.
logic design. A functional design that uses formal
methods of description, such as symbolic logic.
logical. (1) Pertaining to content or meaning as
opposed to location or actual implementation. (2)
Pertaining to a view or description of data that does
not depend on the characteristics of the computer
system or of the physical storage. (3) Contrast with
physical.
long.
loop. (1) A sequence of instructions that is to be
executed iteratively. (2) A closed unidirectional signal
path connecting input/output devices to a system.
looping. Repetitive execution of the same statement
or statements, usually controlled by a DO statement.
macro.
library block.
sublibrary.
Synonym for macroinstruction.
In VSE, a block of data stored in a
library member. (1) A named collection of records or
statements in a library. (2) In VSE, the smallest unit of
data that can be stored into and retrieved from a
sublibrary.
link-edit. To create a loadable computer program by
means of a linkage editor.
maintenance. (1) Any activity intended to retain a
functional unit in, or to restore it to, a state in which it
can perform its required function. Maintenance
includes keeping a functional unit in a specified state
by performing activities such as tests, measurements,
replacements, adjustments, and repairs. (2) The
activities intended to keep a machine in, or restore a
machine to, good working order.
match.
Linkage Section. In COBOL, the section in the Data
Division of the called program that describes the data
items available from the calling program. These data
items may be referred to by both the calling and the
called program.
list. (1) An ordered set of data. (2) A data object
consisting of a collection of related records.
listing. A printout that lists the source language
statements and the output resulting from execution of
a program. See also compiler listing.
literal. (1) In programming languages, a lexical unit
that directly represents a value; for example, 14
represents the integer fourteen, ″APRIL″ represents
the string of characters APRIL, 3.0005E2 represents
the number 300.05. (2) A symbol or a quantity in a
source program that is itself data, rather than a
158
A signed 4-byte number.
Migration to COBOL/VSE
A comparison to determine identity of items.
member. (1) A partition of a partitioned data set. (2)
In VSE, the smallest unit of data that can be stored in
and retrieved from a sublibrary. See also library
member. (3) A data object in a structure, a union, or a
library. (4) Synonym for element.
member name. In SDF/CICS, a minor identification of
an object in the map specification library. Member
names can be map names, profile names, and page
names.
merge. (1) To combine the items of two or more sets
that are each in the same given order into one set in
that order. (2) See also collate.
message. (1) In information theory, an ordered
series of characters intended to convey information.
(2) An assembly of characters and sometimes control
codes that is transferred as an entity from an
originator to one or more recipients. (3) A
communication sent from a person or program to
another person or program. (4) A unit of data sent
over a telecommunication line. (5) In COBOL, data
associated with an end of message indicator or an
end of group indicator.
method. Methods are used to implement behavior
specified by an operation.
migrate. (1) To move data from one hierarchy of
storage to another. (2) To move to a changed
operating environment, usually to a new release or
version of a system.
migration. (1) The process of moving data from one
computer system to another without converting the
data. (2) Installation of a new version or release of a
program to replace an earlier version or release.
minimize. To remove from the screen all windows
associated with an application and replace them with
an icon that represents the application.
mode.
number. (1) A mathematical entity that may indicate
quantity or amount of units. (2) Loosely, a numeral.
numeric. (1) Pertaining to data that consist of
numerals. (2) Pertaining to data or to physical
quantities that consist of numerals. Synonymous with
numerical. (3) Pertaining to any of the digits 0 through
9.
numeric data. (1) Data represented by numerals. (2)
Data in the form of numerals and some special
characters; for example, a date represented as
81/01/01. Synonymous with numerical data.
object. (1) A passive entity that contains or receives
data; for example, bytes, blocks, clocks, fields, files,
directories, displays, keyboards, network nodes,
pages, printers, processors, programs, records,
segments, words. Access to an object implies access
to the information it contains. (2) In programming
languages, a data object.
object code. Output from a compiler or assembler
which is itself executable machine code or is suitable
for processing to produce executable machine code.
A method of operation.
modification. (1) An addition or change to stored
data or a deletion of stored data. (2) The change or
customization of a system, subsystem, or application
to work more effectively at a given installation.
module. (1) In programming languages, a language
construct that consists of procedures or data
declarations and that can interact with other such
constructs. (2) A program unit that is discrete and
identifiable with respect to compiling, combining with
other units, and loading; for example, the input to or
output from an assembler, compiler, linkage editor, or
executive routine. (3) A packaged functional hardware
unit designed for use with other components. (4) A
part of a program that usually performs a particular
function or related functions. (5) In FORTRAN, an
external program unit that contains or accesses
definitions to be accessed by other program units.
monitor. (1) A device that observes and records
selected activities within a data processing system for
analysis. Possible uses are to indicate significant
departure from the norm, or to determine levels of
utilization of particular functional units. (2) Software
or hardware that observes, supervises, controls, or
verifies operations of a system. (3) Synonym for
video display terminal.
multitasking. A mode of operation that provides for
concurrent performance, or interleaved execution of
two or more tasks.
name. An alphanumeric term that identifies a data
set, statement, program, or cataloged procedure. The
first character of the name must be alphabetic. See
also label.
online. (1) Pertaining to the operation of a functional
unit when under the direct control of the computer. (2)
Pertaining to a user′s ability to interact with a
computer. (3) Pertaining to a user′s access to a
computer via a terminal. (4) Controlled by, or
communicating with, a computer. (5) Contrast with
offline.
open. (1) The function that connects a file to a
program for processing. (2) To prepare a file for
processing. (3) Contrast with close.
operating environment.
See operational environment
operating system (OS). Software that controls the
execution of programs and that may provide services
such as resource allocation, scheduling, input/output
control, and data management. Although operating
systems are predominantly software, partial hardware
implementations are possible.
operation. (1) A well-defined action that, when
applied to any permissible combination of known
entities, produces a new entity; for example, the
process of addition in arithmetic; in adding five and
three and obtaining eight, the numbers five and three
are the operands, the number eight is the result, and
the plus sign is the operator indicating that the
operation performed is addition. (2) A program step
undertaken or executed by a computer; for example,
addition, multiplication, extraction, comparison, shift,
transfer. The operation is usually specified by the
operator part of an instruction.
operational environment. (1) The physical
environment; for example, temperature, humidity, and
Glossary
159
layout. (2) All of the supplied basic functions and the
user programs that can be executed by a store
controller to enable the devices in the system to
perform specific operations. (3) The collection of
supplied store controller data, user programs, lists,
tables, control blocks, and files that reside in a
subsystem store controller and control its operation.
operational sign. An algebraic sign associated with a
numeric data item or a numeric literal that indicates
whether the item is positive or negative.
option. (1) A specification in a statement that may be
used to influence the execution of the statement. (2)
See default option.
option set. A set of functions that may be supported
by products that implement a particular architecture.
A product may support any number of option sets or
none. For each option set supported, all functions in
that set are supported.
order. (1) A specified arrangement used in ordering.
(2) To place items in an arrangement in accordance
with specified rules. (3) Deprecated term for
instruction, sequence.
Note: In contrast to a sequence, an order need
not be linear; for example, the ordering of a
hierarchy of items.
output. (1) Pertaining to a device, process, or
channel involved in an output process, or to the
associated data or states. The word ″output″ may be
used in place of ″output data,″ ″output signal″, ″output
process″, when such a usage is clear in a given
context. (2) Data that has been processed. (3) Data
transferred from storage to an output device.
output data. (1) Data that a data processing system
or any of its parts transfers outside of that system or
part. (2) Data being produced or to be produced by a
device or a computer program. (3) Data delivered or
to be delivered from a functional unit or from any part
of a functional unit. (4) Synonymous with output
output file. (1) A file that contains the results of
processing. (2) A file that has been opened in order
to allow records to be written. (3) In COBOL, a file
that is opened in either the output mode or the extend
mode. (4) Contrast with input file.
override. (1) A parameter or value that replaces a
previous parameter or value. (2) The attributes
specified at run time that change the attributes
specified in the file description or in the program. (3)
To replace a parameter or value.
overwrite. To write into an area of storage, thereby
destroying the data previously stored in the same
area.
page. (1) In a virtual storage system, a fixed-length
block that has a virtual address and is transferred as
160
Migration to COBOL/VSE
a unit between real storage and auxiliary storage. (2)
The information displayed at the same time on the
screen of a display device. (3) A defined unit of space
on a storage medium. (4) In VSE, a fixed-length block
of instructions, data, or both that can be located in
processor storage or in the page data set on disk. (5)
In COBOL, a vertical division of a report representing
a physical separation of report data, the separation
being based on internal reporting requirements,
external characteristics of the reporting medium, or
both.
panel. (1) In VSE/ESA, the complete set of
information shown in a single display on a display
station screen. Each panel is like a manual page;
scrolling back and forth through panels is like turning
manual pages. (2) A set of logically related
information displayed on the screen for the purpose
of communicating information to or from a computer
user. (3) A formatted display of information that
appears on a display screen.
paragraph. (1) In the COBOL Procedure Division, a
paragraph-name followed by a separator period and
by zero, one, or more than one sentence. In the
Identification and Environment Divisions, a paragraph
header followed by zero, one, or more than one
entries. See FILE-CONTROL, I-O-CONTROL.
parameter. (1) A variable that is given a constant
value for a specified application and that may denote
the application. (2) An item in a menu for which the
user specifies a value or for which the system
provides a value when the menu is interpreted. (3)
Data passed between programs or procedures.
parse. (1) In systems with time sharing, to analyze
the operands entered with a command and create a
parameter list for the command processor from the
information. (2) In REXX, to split a string into parts,
using function calls or by using a parsing template on
the ARG, PARSE, or PULL instructions.
partition. (1) A fixed-size division of storage. (2) In
VSE, a division of the virtual address area that is
available for program execution.
pass.
One cycle of processing a body of data.
path. (1) The route used to locate files; the storage
location of a file. A fully qualified path lists the drive
identifier, directory name, subdirectory name (if any),
and file name with the associated extension. (2) In
VSAM, a named, logical entity providing access to the
records of a base cluster either directly or through an
alternate index.
performance. One of the two major factors, together
with facility, on which the total productivity of a
system depends. Performance is largely determined
by a combination of throughput, response time, and
availability.
phase. (1) A distinct part of a process in which
related operations are performed. (2) A part of a
sort/merge program; for example, sort phase, merge
phase. (3) In VSE, the smallest complete unit of
executable code that can be loaded into virtual
storage.
phrase. In COBOL, an ordered set of one or more
consecutive COBOL character-strings that form a
portion of a COBOL procedural statement or of a
COBOL clause.
picture. (1) In a programming language, a language
construct that describes a data type by means of a
model character string literal. (2) In a program, a
string of characters used in editing to modify the
individual characters in a field. There is a one-to-one
relationship between the characters in a picture and
the characters in its field.
statements that cause one or more programs to be
performed. (4) In COBOL, a paragraph or group of
logically successive paragraphs, or a section or group
of logically successive sections, within the Procedure
Division. (5) In PL/I, a block of programming
statements that can be started from various points
within a program by use of a CALL statement and can
process data passed to it from the block in which it
was called. (6) In FORTRAN, a computation that may
be invoked during program execution. It may be a
function or a subroutine. A procedure subprogram
may define more than one procedure if it contains
ENTRY statements.
Procedure Division. One of the four main parts of a
COBOL program. The Procedure Division contains
instructions for solving a problem. The Procedure
Division may contain imperative statements,
conditional statements, paragraphs, procedures and
sections.
PL/I. Programming language one. A programming
language designed for numeric scientific
computations, business data processing, systems
programming, and other applications. PL/I is capable
of handling a large variety of data structures and
easily allows variation of precision in numeric
computation.
process. (1) The course of events that occurs during
the execution of all or part of a program. (2) Any
operation or combination of operations on data. (3) A
function being performed or waiting to be performed.
(4) To perform operations on data in a process.
platform. (1) The operating system environment in
which a program runs. (2) In computer technology, the
principles on which an operating system is based.
processing. (1) The performance of logical
operations and calculations on data, including
temporary retention of data in processor storage
while the data is being operated on. (2) The action of
performing operations on input data.
post. (1) To note the occurrence of an event. (2) To
add information to a record in order to keep the
record current.
precision. (1) A measure of the ability to distinguish
between nearly equal values; for example, four-place
numerals are less precise than six-place numerals;
nevertheless, a properly computed four-place numeral
may be more accurate than an improperly computed
six-place numeral. (2) The degree of discrimination
with which a quantity is stated; for example, a
three-digit numeral discriminates among 1000
possibilities.
precompile. Enables COBOL/VSE to compile source
programs written for DOS/VS COBOL that incorporate
Report Writer without needing to convert or rewrite
the Report Writer code.
previous release. The last required release of a
system, such as Release 1.0, prior to the current
release, such as Release 2.0, including any
modification levels, such as Release 1.0 Modification
Level 1 or Modification Level 2, that were not
required.
procedure. (1) In a programming language, a block,
with or without formal parameters, whose execution is
invoked by means of a procedure call. (2) The
description of the course of action taken for the
solution of a problem. (3) A set of related control
processor. A functional unit that interprets and
executes instructions. A processor consists of at least
an instruction control unit and an arithmetic and logic
unit.
profile. (1) Data that describes the significant
characteristics of a user, a group of users, or one or
more computer resources. (2) In computer security, a
description of the characteristics of an entity to which
access is controlled. (3) A description of the control
available to a particular network operator.
program. (1) A sequence of instructions suitable for
processing by a computer. Processing may include
the use of an assembler, a compiler, an interpreter, or
a translator to prepare the program for execution, as
well as to execute it. (2) In programming languages, a
logical assembly of one or more interrelated modules.
(3) A syntactic unit that conforms to the rules of a
particular programming language composed of
declarations and statements or instructions needed to
solve a certain function, task, or problem.
Synonymous with computer program.
program product.
program.
Deprecated term for licensed
program unit. In FORTRAN, the fundamental
component of a FORTRAN program; a sequence of
Glossary
161
statements and comment lines. It may be a main
program or a subprogram.
programmable. Pertaining to a device that can
accept instructions that alter its basic functions.
programmable workstation. A workstation that has
some degree of processing capability and that allows
a user to change its functions.
programmer. A person who designs, writes, and
tests computer programs.
programming. The design, writing, modifying, and
testing of programs.
programming language. An artificial language for
expressing computer programs.
project. An undertaking with prescribed objectives,
magnitude, and duration.
project management. The activities concerned with
project planning and project control.
put.
To place a single data record into an output file.
queue. (1) A line or list of items waiting to be
processed; for example, work to be performed or
messages to be displayed. (2) In COBOL, a logical
collection of messages awaiting transmission or
processing.
quick start.
Synonym for system restart
quit. A key, command, or action that tells a system
to return to a previous state or stop a process.
range. (1) The set of values that a quantity or
function may take. (2) Synonym for span
range check. A limit check in which both high and
low values are stipulated.
read. To acquire or interpret data from a storage
device, from a data medium, or from another source.
reader. (1) A device that converts information in one
form of storage to information in another form of
storage. (2) A part of an operating system scheduler
that reads an input stream into the system. (3) A
program that reads jobs from an input device or
database file and places them on a job queue.
reading. Acquisition or interpretation of data from a
storage device, from a data medium, or another
source.
receive. (1) To obtain and store data. (2) In systems
with VTAM, to obtain a message transmitted from a
terminal to the computer over a line. Contrast with
send.
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Migration to COBOL/VSE
record. (1) In programming languages, an aggregate
that consists of data objects, possibly with different
attributes, that usually have identifiers attached to
them. In some programming languages, records are
called structures. (2) A set of one or more related
data items grouped for processing. (3) In COBOL,
synonym for logical record.
record layout. The arrangement and structure of
data or words in a record including the order and size
of the components of the record.
recursive. (1) Pertaining to a process in which each
step makes use of the results of earlier steps. (2)
Pertaining to a program or routine that calls itself
after each run until it is interrupted or until a
specified condition is met.
reentrant. The attribute of a program or routine that
allows the same copy of a program or routine to be
used concurrently by two or more tasks.
reentrant program. (1) A computer program that may
be entered at any time before any prior execution of
the program has been completed. (2) Synonymous
with reenterable program.
reference. In programming languages, a language
construct designating a declared language object.
register. A part of internal storage having a specified
storage capacity and usually intended for a specific
purpose.
relation. (1) The comparison of two expressions to
see if the value of one is equal to, less than, or
greater than the value of the other. (2) In COBOL,
synonym for relational operator.
relation condition. In COBOL, the proposition, for
which a truth value can be determined, that the value
of an arithmetic expression, data item, nonnumeric
literal, or index name has a specific relationship to
the value of another arithmetic expression, data item,
nonnumeric literal, or index-name.
release. A distribution of a new product or new
function and APAR fixes for an existing product.
Normally, programming support for the prior release
is discontinued after some specified period of time
following availability of a new release. The first
version of a product is announced as Release 1,
Modification Level 0.
replace. A function or mode that enables the user to
substitute text for a specified part of previously
entered text.
request. A directive, by means of a basic
transmission unit, from an access method that causes
the network control program to perform a
data-transfer operation or auxiliary operation.
requirement. An essential condition that a system
has to satisfy.
(3) To search records for a specified character string
or syntax error.
reserved word. (1) In programming languages, a
keyword that may not be used as an identifier. (2) A
word used in a source program to describe an action
to be taken by the program or the compiler. It must
not appear in the program as a user-defined name or
a system name. (3) In COBOL, a COBOL word
specified in the list of words that may be used in a
COBOL source program, but that must not appear in
the program as user-defined words or system-names.
scanning.
resource. (1) Any facility of a computing system or
operating system required by a job or task, and
including main storage, input/output devices,
processing unit, data sets, and control or processing
programs. (2) In COBOL, a facility or service,
controlled by the operating system, that can be used
by an executing program.
result. An entity produced by the performance of an
operation.
return. (1) Within a subroutine, to effect a link to the
computer program that called the subroutine. (2) In
programming languages, a language construct within
a procedure designating an end of an execution
sequence in the procedure.
return code. (1) A code used to influence the
execution of succeeding instructions. (2) A value
returned to a program to indicate the results of an
operation requested by that program.
risk. The probability that a particular threat will
exploit a particular vulnerability of the system.
routine. A program, or part of a program, that may
have some general or frequent use.
row. A horizontal arrangement of characters or other
expressions. (2) Contrast with column.
run. (1) A performance of one or more jobs. (2) A
performance of one or more programs. (3) To cause a
program, utility, or other machine function to be
performed.
run time.
Synonym for execution time.
The systematic examination of data.
scope. (1) The portion of an expression to which the
operator is applied. (2) The portion of a computer
program within which the definition of the variable
remains unchanged.
screen.
Deprecated term for display panel.
search. (1) A function or mode that enables the user
to locate occurrences of such things as particular
character strings, embedded commands, or boldface
letters in a document. Synonymous with find. (2) The
process of looking for a particular item. See also
browse, scan. (3) To scan one or more data elements
of a set in order to find elements that have a certain
property.
search chain. In VSE, the order in which chained
sublibraries are searched for the retrieval of a certain
library member of a specified type.
section. (1) In a VSAM index record, a group of
consecutive index entries. The index entries in an
index record are divided into approximately as many
sections as the square root of the number of entries
in order to speed up a search for an entry. (2) In
COBOL, a set of zero, one, or more than one
paragraphs or entries, called a section body, the first
of which is preceded by a section header. Each
section consists of the section header and the related
section body.
semantic error. A compile-time error caused by
incorrect definition of constants and identifiers.
separately compiled program. In COBOL, a program
that, together with its contained programs, is
compiled separately from all other programs.
sequence. (1) A series of items that have been
sequenced. (2) An arrangement of items according to
a specified set of rules; for example, items arranged
alphabetically, numerically, or chronologically. (3) To
place items in an arrangement in accordance with the
order of the natural numbers. (4) Synonym for
collating sequence.
run-time environment. In programming languages, a
logical grouping of one or more program objects that
must be connected at application run time to do some
task.
service. A customer- related or product-related
business function such as design/manufacturing error
correction, installation planning, maintenance,
customer education, or programming assistance.
save. (1) A function that enables a user to write into
a file of a previously entered or modified text. (2) To
retain data by copying it from main storage to
another storage device.
service routine.
Synonym for utility routine.
session. The period of time during which a user of a
terminal can communicate with an interactive system,
usually, elapsed time between logon and logoff.
scan. (1) To examine sequentially, part by part. (2)
To briefly examine or read. See also browse, search.
Glossary
163
set. (1) A finite or infinite number of objects of any
kind, of entities, or of concepts that have a given
property or properties in common. (2) To cause a
counter to take the state corresponding to a specified
number. (3) To put all or part of a data processing
device into a specified state.
share. To make a resource available to remote users
or other processes.
shared. Pertaining to the availability of a resource
for more than one use at the same time.
sign.
See operational sign.
simultaneous. (1) Pertaining to the occurrence of two
or more events at the same instant of time. (2) In a
process, pertaining to two or more events that occur
within the same interval of time, each one handled by
a separate functional unit; for example, in the
execution of one or more programs, several
input/output operations handled by I/O equipments
may be simultaneous with one another and with other
operations handled directly by the processing unit.
softcopy. (1) A nonpermanent copy of the contents of
storage in the form of a display image. (2) One or
more files that can be electronically distributed,
manipulated, and printed by a user. Contrast with
hardcopy.
software. (1) All or part of the programs, procedures,
rules, and associated documentation of a data
processing system. Software is an intellectual
creation that is independent of the medium on which
it is recorded. (2) Contrast with hardware. (3) See
application software, integrated software, system
software.
sort. (1) The operation of sorting. (2) To arrange a
set of items according to keys used as a basis for
determining the sequence of the items; for example,
to arrange the records of a personnel file in
alphabetical sequence by using the employee names
as sort keys. (4) Synonym for order.
source. (1) In advanced program-to-program
communications, the system or program that starts
jobs on another system. (2) A system, a program
within a system, or a device that makes a request to
a target. Contrast with target. (3) In COBOL, the
symbolic identification of the originator of a
transmission to a queue.
source code. The input to a compiler or assembler,
written in a source language. Contrast with object
code.
source program. (1) A program that a particular
translator can accept. (2) A set of instructions written
in a programming language that must be translated to
machine language before the program can be run. (3)
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Migration to COBOL/VSE
In COBOL, a syntactically correct set of COBOL
statements. A COBOL source program commences
with the Identification Division, a COPY statement, or
a REPLACE statement. It is terminated by the end
program header, if specified, or by the absence of
additional source program lines. (4) Contrast with
object program.
special register. In COBOL, a compiler-generated
storage area whose primary use is to store
information produced in conjunction with the use of
specific COBOL feature.
SPECIAL-NAMES. In COBOL, the name of an
Environment Division paragraph in which
implementor-names are related to user-specified
mnemonic-names.
specification. In system development, a description
of how the design of a system, device, or program is
to be implemented.
STAE (specify task abnormal exit). A
macroinstruction that specifies a routine to receive
control in the event of abnormal termination of the
issuing task.
stand-alone. Pertaining to operation that is
independent of any other device, program, or system.
standard label. A fixed-format record that identifies a
volume of data such as a tape reel or a file that is
part of a volume of data.
startup.
See system startup.
statement. (1) In programming languages, a
language construct that represents a step in a
sequence of actions or a set of declarations. (2) In
computer programming, a symbol string or other
arrangement of symbols. (3) An instruction in a
program or procedure. (4) In COBOL, a syntactically
valid combination of words, literals, and separators,
beginning with a verb, written in a COBOL source
program. (5) A language syntactic unit consisting of
an operator, or other statement identifier, followed by
one or more operands.
static. (1) In programming languages, pertaining to
properties that can be established before execution of
a program; for example, the length of a fixed length
variable is static. (2) Pertaining to an operation that
occurs at a predetermined or fixed time. (3) Contrast
with dynamic.
status. The condition or state of hardware or
software, usually represented by a status code.
step. (1) One operation in a computer routine. (2) To
cause a computer to execute operation.
storage. (1) A functional unit into which data can be
placed, in which they can be retained and from which
they can be retrieved. (2) The action of placing data
into a storage device. (3) A storage device.
storing. (1) The action of placing data into a storage
device. (2) To place data into a storage device. (3) To
retain data in a storage device.
string. (1) A sequence of elements of the same
nature, such as characters considered as a whole. (2)
In programming languages, the form of data used for
storing and manipulating text. (3) In PL/I, a sequence
of characters or bits that is treated as a single data
item.
structure. (1) A variable that contains an ordered
group of data objects. Unlike an array, the data
objects within a structure can have varied data types.
(2) In PL/I, a collection of data items that need not
have identical attributes. Contrast with array. (3) In
FORTRAN, an object of derived type.
structured programming. (1) A method for
constructing programs using only hierarchically
nested constructs each having a single entry and a
single exit point. Three types of control flow are used
in structured programming: sequential, conditional,
and iterative. (2) A technique for organizing and
coding programs that makes them easier to debug,
modify, and replace.
Note: Typically, a structured program is a
hierarchy of modules that all have a single entry
point and a single exit point. Control is passed
downward through the structure without
unconditional branches to higher levels of the
structure.
sublibrary. In VSE, a subdivision of a library. See
also library.
submit. In VSE, a function that passes a job to the
system for processing.
subprogram. (1) A program invoked by another
program. Contrast with main program. (2) In
FORTRAN, a function subprogram, a subroutine
subprogram, a module subprogram, or a block data
subprogram. (3) In COBOL, synonym for called
program.
subroutine. (1) A sequence of instructions whose
execution is invoked by a call. (2) A sequenced set of
instructions or statements that may be used in one or
more computer programs and at one or more points
in a computer program. (3) A group of instructions
that can be part of another routine or can be called
by another program or routine. (4) In PL/I, a
procedure that has no RETURNS option in the
PROCEDURE statement. Contrast with function. (6) In
FORTRAN, a procedure that is invoked by a CALL
statement or an assignment statement.
subroutine call. (1) The subroutine in object coding
that performs the call function. (2) In a source
program, a language construct that invokes a
subroutine. (3) In PL/I, an entry reference that must
represent a subroutine, followed by an optional and
possibly empty argument list that appears in a CALL
statement. Contrast with function reference.
subscript. (1) A symbol associated with the name of
a set to identify a particular subset or element. (2) An
integer or variable whose value selects a particular
element in a table or array. (3) In COBOL, an
occurrence number represented by either an integer,
a data-name optionally followed by an integer with
the operator + or -, or an index-name optionally
followed by an integer with the operator + or -, which
identifies a particular element in a table. (4) In
FORTRAN, an item of a list of subscripts that selects
an element of a named array or an array-valued
structure component.
subset. (1) A set each element of which is an
element of a specified other set. (2) A variant form of
a programming language with fewer features or more
restrictions than the original language. (3) A set
contained within a set.
support. In system development, to provide the
necessary resources for the correct operation of a
functional unit.
switch. A device or programming technique for
making a selection; for example, a toggle, a
conditional jump.
symbol. (1) A representation of something by reason
of relationship, association, or convention. (2) A name
in a source document that can be replaced with
something else, for example, a character string. (3) In
S/390 operating systems, any group of eight or less
alphanumeric and national characters that begins with
an alphabetic character or the characters (@, #, $).
syntax. (1) The relationship among characters or
groups of characters, independent of their meanings
or the manner of their interpretation and use. (2) The
rules governing the structure of a language. (3) The
rules for the construction of a statement.
syntax error. A compile-time error caused by
incorrect syntax. See also semantic error.
system. In data processing, a collection of people,
machines, and methods organized to accomplish a set
of specific functions.
system resources. Those resources controlled by the
system, such as programs, devices, and storage
areas that are assigned for use in jobs.
system software. (1) Application-independent
software that supports the running of application
software. (2) Software that is part of or made
available with a computer system and that
determines how application programs are run; for
Glossary
165
example, an operating system. Contrast with
application software.
system startup.
Synonym for initial program load.
system termination. The state in which all processing
on a system is stopped.
table. (1) A two-dimensional array in which each
item and its position with respect to other items is
identified. (2) An orderly arrangement of data in rows
and columns that can contain numbers, text, or a
combination of both. (3) In COBOL, a set of logically
consecutive items of data that are defined in the Data
Division of a COBOL program by means of the
OCCURS clause.
tape (magnetic tape). A tape with a magnetizable
layer on which data can be stored.
target. (1) Pertaining to a storage device to which
information is written. (2) The program or system to
which a request is sent. (3) The location to which the
information is destined. (4) A system, program, or
device that interprets, rejects or satisfies, and replies
to requests received from a source.
target language.
The output language of a translator.
term. (1) A construct in a conceptual schema
language that refers to an entity. (2) The smallest part
of an expression that can be assigned a value.
terminal. (1) A point in a system or communication
network at which data can either enter or leave. (2) A
device, usually equipped with a keyboard and display
device, capable of sending and receiving information.
(3) In COBOL, the originator of a transmission to a
queue, or the receiver of a transmission from a
queue.
terminate. (1) To stop the operation of a system or
device. (2) To stop execution of a program.
termination. (1) The act of putting a system or an
element of a system in a state in which it no longer
performs its normal function. See also system
termination. (2) Cessation of the execution of a task.
test plan. A plan that establishes detailed
requirements, criteria, general methodology,
responsibilities, and general planning for test and
evaluation of a system.
testing. The running of a system or a program
against a predetermined series of data to arrive at a
predictable result for the purpose of establishing the
acceptability of the system or program.
tool. Software that permits the development of an
application program without using a traditional
programming language.
166
Migration to COBOL/VSE
trace. (1) A record of the execution of a computer
program. It exhibits the sequences in which the
instructions were executed. (2) The process of
recording the sequence in which the statements in a
program are executed and, optionally, the values of
the program variables used in the statements. (3) To
record a series of events as they occur.
transaction. (1) In a batch or remote batch entry, a
job or job step. (2) An exchange between a
workstation and another device that accomplishes a
particular action or result. (3) A specific set of input
data that triggers execution of a specific process or
job; a message destined for an application program.
(4) In CICS/VSE, one or more application programs
that can be used by a display station operator. A
given transaction can be used concurrently from one
or more display stations. The execution of a
transaction for a certain operator is also referred to
as a task: a task can relate to only one operator.
transfer. (1) To send data from one place and
receive the data at another place. Synonymous with
move. (2) To read data from auxiliary storage or from
an input device into processor storage or from
processor storage to auxiliary storage or to an output
device.
Note: A transfer usually does not erase data from
the original location.
transient. Pertaining to a program or subroutine that
does not reside in main storage or to a temporary
storage area for such a program.
transient data queue. A sequential data set used by
the Folder Application Facility in CICS/VSE to log
system messages.
translate. In programming languages, to transform
all or part of a program expressed in one
programming language, into another programming
language or into a machine language suitable for
execution.
tuning. The process of adjusting an application or a
system to operate in a more efficient manner in the
work environment of a particular installation.
type. A class of objects. All objects of a specific type
can be accessed through one or more of the same
interfaces.
update. (1) To add, change, or delete items. (2) To
modify a master file with current information
according to a specified procedure.
upward compatibility. The capability of a computer to
execute programs written for another computer
without major alteration, but not vice versa.
user. (1) Any person or any thing that may issue or
receive commands and messages to or from the
information processing system. (2) Anyone who
requires the services of a computing system.
user exit. (1) A point in an IBM-supplied program at
which a user exit routine may be given control. (2) A
programming service provided by an IBM software
product that may be requested during the execution
of an application program for the service of
transferring control back to the application program
upon the later occurrence of a user-specified event.
user ID.
User identification.
userid. A string of characters that uniquely identifies
a user to a system.
utility. The capability of a system, program, or
device to perform the functions for which it is
designed.
validation. The checking of data for correctness or
for compliance with applicable standards, rules, and
conventions.
value. A quantity assigned to a constant, a variable,
parameter or a symbol. See also argument.
variable. (1) In programming languages, a language
object that may take different values, one at a time.
The values of a variable are usually restricted to a
certain data type. (2) A name used to represent data
whose value can be changed while the program is
running by referring to the name of the variable. (3) In
FORTRAN, a named storage location whose value can
be changed while the program is running by referring
to the name of the variable. (4) In COBOL, a data item
whose value may be changed by execution of the
object program. A variable used in an arithmetic
expression must be a numeric elementary item.
verb. In COBOL, a word that expresses an action to
be taken by a COBOL compiler or object program.
verification. The act of determining whether an
operation has been accomplished correctly.
version. A separate IBM-licensed program, based on
an existing IBM-licensed program, that usually has
significant new code or new function. Each version
has its own license, terms, conditions, product type
number, monthly charge, documentation, test
allowance (if applicable), and programming support
category.
Note: Numbering of versions starts with version
2. The first release of an IBM-licensed program is
referred to as Release 1 with no indication of
version number.
viewpoint. In computer graphics, the origin from
which angles and scales are used to map virtual
space into display space.
virtual. Pertaining to a functional unit that appears to
be real, but whose functions are accomplished by
other means.
virtual storage. The storage space that may be
regarded as addressable main storage by the user of
a computer system in which virtual addresses are
mapped into real addresses. The size of virtual
storage is limited by the addressing scheme of the
computer system and by the amount of auxiliary
storage available, not by the actual number of main
storage locations.
warning message. An indication that a possible error
has been detected. Contrast with error message.
window. A portion of a display surface in which
display images pertaining to a particular application
can be presented. Different applications can be
displayed simultaneously in different windows.
word. (1) A character string or a bit string
considered as an entity. (2) In COBOL, a
character-string of not more than 30 characters that
forms a user-defined word, a system-name, or a
reserved word.
workstation. (1) A functional unit at which a user
works. A workstation often has some processing
capability. (2) One or more programmable or
nonprogrammable devices that allow a user to do
work. (3) A terminal or PC, usually one that is
connected to a mainframe or to a network, at which a
user can perform applications.
write. To make a permanent or transient recording of
data in a storage device or on a data medium.
writing. The action of making a permanent or
transient recording of data in a storage device or on a
data medium.
zero. In data processing, the number that, when
added to or subtracted from any other number, does
not alter the value of the other number. Zero may
have different representations in computers, such as
positively or negatively signed zero (which may result
from subtracting a signed number from itself) and
floating-point zero (in which the fixed point part is
zero while the exponent in the floating-point
representation may vary).
Glossary
167
168
Migration to COBOL/VSE
List of Abbreviations
ACB
Access control block
DSECT
Dummy control SECTion
AFP
Advanced Function Printer
DTF
Define The File
AMODE
Addressing MODE
EC
Engineering Change
ANSI
American National Standards
Institute
EE
Execution Element
EIB
Error Information Block
APAR
Authorized Program Analysis
Report
EOJ
End Of job
API
Application Program Interface
ESA
Enterprise Systems
Architecture
AR
Attention Routine
ESDS
Entry Sequenced Data Set
ASC
Address Space Control
EBA
Fixed/Block-Architecture
ASI
Automated System
Initialization
FD
File Definition
ATMS
Advanced Text Management
System
FSU
Field Serviceable Unit
GDDM
Graphical Data Display
Manager
GUI
Graphical User Interface
HLL
High Level Language
I/O
Input/Output
BAM
Basic Access Method
BIT
Binary Digit
BLL
Base Locator for Linkage
section
BSC
Binary Synchronous
Communication
IBM
International Business
Machines
BTAM
Basic Telecommunications
Access Method
ICA
Integrated Communication
Adapter
CCCA
COBOL CICS Conversion Aid
IDCAMS
CICS
customer information control
system
Program name for Access
Method Services
II
Interactive Interface
CMS
Conversational Monitor
System
ILC
Inter Language
Communication
COBOL
COmmon Business Oriented
Language
IPL
Initial Program Load
ISAM
COMREG
Communication region
Indexed Sequential Access
Method
CPU
Central Processing Unit
ISQL
CSECT
Control SECTion
Interactive Structured Query
Language
CSP
Cross-System Product
ITSO
International Technical
Support Organization
DASD
Direct Access Storage Device
JCL
job control language
DB2
DATABASE 2
KSDS
Key Sequenced Data Set
DBCS
Double Byte Character Set
LCP
DCF
Document Composition
Facility
Language Conversion
Program
LE
Language Environment
DD
Data Definition
LE/370
Language Environment/370
DL/I
Data Language 1
LU
Logical Unit
DLBL
Disk Label
MPS
Multiple Partition Support
DOS
Disk Operating System
MRI
DOS/VS
Disk Operating System/Virtual
Storage
Machine Readable
Information
 Copyright IBM Corp. 1997
169
MSHP
Maintain System History
Program
MVS
Multiple Virtual Storage
MVS/ESA
Multiple Virtual
Storage/Enterprise Systems
Architecture
NETVIEW
Network observation tool
NJE
Network Job Entry
NLDM
Network Logical Data
Manager
NLF
NEWS Library Files
NLS
National Language Support
NPDA
Network Problem
Determination Aid
NPSI
NCP Packet Switching
Interface
OEM
Original Equipment
Manufacturer
SDAID
System Debugging AIDs
SDF/CICS
Screen Definition
Facility/Customer Information
Control System
SDL
System Directory List
SLI
source Library Inclusion
SMF
Source Macro File
SNA
Systems Network
Architecture
SQL
Structured Query Language
SQL/DS
Structured Query
Language/Data System
SVA
Shared Virtual Area
SVC
SuperVisor Call Instruction
SYSLST
System List Device
SYSPCH
System Punch Device
TOD
Time Of Day
OS/2
Operating System/2
TP
Teleprocessing
OS/VS
Operating System/Virtual
Storage
VM
Virtual Machine
VM/ESA
PC
Personal computer
Virtual Machine/Enterprise
Systems Architecture
PCB
Pool control block.
VSAM
PL/I
programming language 1
Virtual Storage Access
Method
PNET
Power NETworking interface
VSE
Virtual Storage Extended
PR/SM
Processor Resource/Systems
Manager
VSE/ESA
Virtual Storage
Extended/Enterprise Systems
Architecture
PSB
Program Status Block
VSE/ICCF
PSF/VSE
Print Services Facility/Virtual
Storage Extended
PTF
Program Temporary Fix
Virtual Storage
Extended/Interactive
Computing and Control
Facility
RC
Return Code
VSE/POWER
RCF
Report Controller Feature
REXX
REstructured eXtended
eXecutor language
Virtual Storage
Extended/Priority Output
Writers, Execution processor,
and input Readers
VSE/SP
RMODE
Residency MODE
Virtual Storage
Extended/System Package
RPG
Report Program Generator
VSE/VSAM
RPG II
Report Program Generator II
Virtual Storage
Extended/Virtual Storage
Access Method
RRDS
Relative Record Data Set II
VTAM
SAM
Sequential Access Method
Virtual Telecommunications
Access Method
VTOC
Volume Table Of Contents
170
Migration to COBOL/VSE
Index
Numerics
31-bit addressing
4, 15
A
abbreviations 169
abnormal termination 26
ABTERMENC option 26, 27
acronyms 169
ALL(31) option 22, 131
AMODE 31 132
ANSI85 option 24
ASSIGN clause 23
associated data 4, 15, 33
AT command 123
automatic conversion 41
B
Base Locator for Linkage
batch debug 114
bibliography 143
73
C
C support 25
C/370 programs 12
CCCA 9, 41
automatic changes 41
conversion examples 49
conversion management reports 50
description 48
features 31, 47
indicated changes 41
installation problems 49
language conversion program 48
limitations 106
overall impact analysis 106
software requirements 49
unsupported changes 42
CEETEST callable service 119
CEEUOPT module 110, 113
century window 1, 12
CICS translator options 24
CMPR2 compiler option 23, 30, 37
COBOL & CICS Command Level Conversion Aid
See CCCA
COBOL 68 Standard differences 35
COBOL 74 Standard differences 36
COBOL 85 Standard 38
COBOL/Structuring Facility 9, 32
COBOL/VSE
benefits 2, 15
compiler features 16
 Copyright IBM Corp. 1997
COBOL/VSE (continued)
incompatibility s u m m a r y 43
intrinsic functions 2, 3, 15, 23
OPEN processing 24
options required 130
performance considerations 128
prerequisite products 27
recommended options 131
reentrant programs 16
Report Writer statements 31
reserved word table 131
RETURN-CODE special register 24
commands file for Debug Tool 116
compatibility mode 21
compiler name change 23
compiler options
CMPR2 23, 30, 37
DYNAM 129
FASTSRT 129
FLAGMIG 23, 30, 41
MIGR 29, 41
NOCMPR2 11, 23, 38
NOCOMPILE 30
NORES 27
NUMPROC 129
OPTIMIZE 129
recommended 131
RENT 24, 129
required 130
RES 27
SSRANGE 130
TEST 130
TRUNC 130
conversion management reports for CCCA
conversion tools 25, 29
50
D
D A M 36
DASD storage for Debug Tool 109
date support 1
DBCS support 13, 16
Debug Tool 4, 9, 13, 17, 25, 33
AT condition 123
breakpoints 123
CEETEST callable service 119
COBOL commands 125
commands file 116
DASD storage 109
debugging sessions 107
description 107
DTSAFE member 112
EQALIST print exit program 113, 116
feedback code 119
full-screen debugging 117
171
Debug Tool (continued)
full-sreen mode 120
in batch 114
interactive under CICS 110
invoke 110
library storage 109
limitations 125
MONITOR command 123
partition size 110
preferences file 116
profile settings file 112
run-time environment 109
SET LOG command 118
system requirements 108
TEST sub-options 113, 116
DFSORT/VSE 132
disk management 133
disk manager 22
DOS/VS COBOL 3, 11, 35
DOS/VS COBOL MIGR compiler option
DTSAFE member 112
dump environment 14
DYNAM compiler option 129
dynamic calls 127
E
enclave termination 26
EQALIST print exit program
EXEC CICS LINK 128
113, 116
F
FASTSRT compiler option 129
FCOBOL 23
feedback code 119
FLAGMIG compiler option 23, 30, 41
full-screen debugging session 117
G
GETVIS/FREEVIS services
glossary 149
128
I
IGYCRCTL 23
impact analysis 106
incompatibilities 39
incompatibility summary 43
indicated changes 41
interactive debug 110
interlanguage communication 14
intrinsic functions 2, 3, 15, 23
ISAM 36
172
Migration to COBOL/VSE
K
keyword scanning
40
L
29
language conversion program 48
LE/VSE
abnormal termination 26
benefits 2, 11
C support 25
callable routines 2
callable services 16
CEETEST callable service 119
CEEUOPT module 110
century window 12
condition handling 14
conforming languages 2
Debug Tool support 25
dump environment 14
functions 3
locales 15
math services 14
mixed language applications 14
object compatibility 20
OPEN processing 24
prerequisite products 27
PRODEXIT facility 133
RETZERO option 24
severe error handling 27
storage management 13
LIBDEF chain 22
library storage for Debug Tool 109
locales 15
M
MIGR compiler option 29, 41
migration
compatibility mode 21
compiler name 23
conversion tools 25, 29
LIBDEF chain 22
planning 4, 19
process 8
project 5
PTFs 30
run-time 20, 21
scenarios 19
SELECT/ASSIGN clauses 23
source 11, 20, 23
SVA usage 22
module name conflicts 20
MONITOR command 123
MSHP 30
N
nested programs 127
NOCMPR2 compiler option 11, 23, 38
NOCOMPILE option 30
NORES compiler option 27
NOSTXIT option 132
NUMPROC compiler option 129
tape manager 22
TEST compiler option 130
TEST sub-options 113, 116
thread control blocks 131
TRUNC compiler option 130
Turbo Dispatcher 132
U
unsupported changes 42
unsupported language elements
O
object compatibility 20
OPEN processing 24, 133
OPTIMIZE compiler option
129
23
V
VisualAge for OS/2 33
VS COBOL II 3, 11, 37
VSAM performance 132
P
partition size for Debug Tool 110
PL/I programs 12
planning 4, 19
preferences file for Debug Tool 116
primary BLLs 73, 105
procedure entry point 16
PRODEXIT facility 133
PTFs for migration 30
W
Workstation Feature
34
Y
Year 2000
1, 12, 24
R
recommended compiler options 131
recursive calls 127
reentrant programs 16
RENT compiler option 24, 129
Report Write Precompiler 31
Report Writer 9, 35
required compiler options 130
RES compiler option 27
reserved words for COBOL 131
RETURN-CODE special register 24
RETZERO option 24
RMODE ANY 132
S
secondary BLLs 73
SELECT clause 23
SET LOG command 118
severe errors 27
source migration 11
SSRANGE compiler option 130
static calls 127
storage management 13
structured programming 15, 32
structured source code 3
STXIT option 132
SVA usage 22, 129
T
tape management
133
Index
173
174
Migration to COBOL/VSE
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