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English 5.2 Spanish Perimeters and Areas of Similar Figures How do changes in dimensions of similar geometric figures affect the perimeters and areas of the figures? 1 ACTIVITY: Comparing Perimeters and Areas Work with a partner. Use pattern blocks to make a figure whose dimensions are 2, 3, and 4 times greater than those of the original figure. Find the perimeter P and area A of each larger figure. a. Sample: Square 1 1 1 1 P=4 P=8 P = 12 P = 16 A=1 A=4 A= 9 A = 16 b. Triangle 1 1 1 P=3 P=6 P= P= A=B A = 4B A= A= c. Rectangle d. Parallelogram 1 2 1 1 2 200 Chapter 5 1 1 1 P=6 P=4 A=2 A=C Similarity and Transformations Spanish 2 ACTIVITY: Finding Patterns for Perimeters Work with a partner. Copy and complete the table for the perimeters of the figures in Activity 1. Describe the pattern. Perimeters Figure Original Side Lengths Double Side Lengths Triple Side Lengths Quadruple Side Lengths P=4 P=8 P = 12 P = 16 P=3 P=6 P=6 P=4 3 ACTIVITY: Finding Patterns for Areas Work with a partner. Copy and complete the table for the areas of the figures in Activity 1. Describe the pattern. Figure Areas English Original Side Lengths Double Side Lengths Triple Side Lengths Quadruple Side Lengths A=1 A=4 A=9 A = 16 A=B A = 4B A=2 A=C 4. IN YOUR OWN WORDS How do changes in dimensions of similar geometric figures affect the perimeters and areas of the figures? Use what you learned about perimeters and areas of similar figures to complete Exercises 8 –11 on page 204. Section 5.2 Perimeters and Areas of Similar Figures 201 English 5.2 Spanish Lesson Lesson Tutorials Perimeters of Similar Figures E If two figures are similar, then the ratio of their perimeters is equal to the ratio of their corresponding side lengths. Perimeter of △ABC Perimeter of △DEF AB DE BC EF AC DF —— = — = — = — EXAMPLE 1 B D F C A Finding Ratios of Perimeters Find the ratio (red to blue) of the perimeters of the similar rectangles. 4 6 Perimeter of red rectangle Perimeter of blue rectangle 4 6 2 3 ——— = — = — 2 3 The ratio of the perimeters is —. 1. The height of Figure A is 9 feet. The height of a similar Figure B is 15 feet. What is the ratio of the perimeter of A to the perimeter of B ? Areas of Similar Figures E If two figures are similar, then the ratio of their areas is equal to the square of the ratio of their corresponding side lengths. B D A Area of △ABC Area of △DEF ( ) ( ) ( ) Chapter 5 Similarity and Transformations C AB 2 BC 2 AC 2 = — = — DE EF DF —— = — 202 F English Spanish EXAMPLE 2 Finding Ratios of Areas Find the ratio (red to blue) of the areas of the similar triangles. 6 ( ) () 6 2 10 Area of red triangle Area of blue triangle —— = — 3 2 9 =— 5 25 10 = — 9 25 The ratio of the areas is —. EXAMPLE 3 Real-Life Application You place a picture on a page of a photo album. The page and the picture are similar rectangles. a. How many times greater is the area of the page than the area of the picture? b. The area of the picture is 45 square inches. What is the area of the page? a. Find the ratio of the area of the page to the area of the picture. ( Area of page Area of picture 6 in. ) length of page 2 length of picture —— = —— () () 8 2 4 2 16 = — =— 6 3 9 = — 8 in. 16 9 The area of the page is — times greater than the area of the picture. 16 9 b. Multiply the area of the picture by —. ⋅ 169 45 — = 80 The area of the page is 80 square inches. Exercises 4 –13 2. The base of Triangle P is 8 meters. The base of a similar Triangle Q is 7 meters. What is the ratio of the area of P to the area of Q? 3. In Example 3, the perimeter of the picture is 27 inches. What is the perimeter of the page? Section 5.2 Perimeters and Areas of Similar Figures 203 English Spanish Exercises 5.2 Help with Homework 1. WRITING How are the perimeters of two similar figures related? 2. WRITING How are the areas of two similar figures related? 3. VOCABULARY Rectangle ABCD is similar to Rectangle WXYZ. The area of ABCD is 30 square inches. What is the area of WXYZ ? Explain. A B D C AD WZ W X Z Y 1 2 AB WX —=— 1 2 —=— 6)=3 9+(- 3)= 3+(- 9)= 4+(- = 1) 9+(- The two figures are similar. Find the ratios (red to blue) of the perimeters and of the areas. 1 2 5. 4. 11 5 8 6 6. 7. 9 14 4 7 8. How does doubling the side lengths of a triangle affect its perimeter? 9. How does tripling the side lengths of a triangle affect its perimeter? 10. How does doubling the side lengths of a rectangle affect its area? 11. How does quadrupling the side lengths of a rectangle affect its area? 12. FOOSBALL The playing surfaces of two foosball tables are similar. The ratio of the corresponding side lengths is 10 : 7. What is the ratio of the areas? 13. LAPTOP The ratio of the corresponding side lengths of two similar computer screens is 13 : 15. The perimeter of the smaller screen is 39 inches. What is the perimeter of the larger screen? Triangle ABC is similar to Triangle DEF. Tell whether the statement is true or false. Explain your reasoning. Perimeter of △ ABC Perimeter of △DEF AB DE 14. —— = — 204 Chapter 5 Similarity and Transformations Area of △ ABC Area of △DEF AB DE 15. —— = — English Spanish 21 in. 16. FABRIC The cost of the fabric is $1.31. What would you expect to pay for a similar piece of fabric that is 18 inches by 42 inches? 9 in. 6 in. 10 ft 17. AMUSEMENT PARK A model of a merry-go-round has a base area Model of about 450 square inches. What is the percent of increase of the base area from the model to the actual merry-go-round? Explain. 450 in.2 18. CRITICAL THINKING The circumference of Circle K is π. The circumference of Circle L is 4π. a. What is the ratio of their circumferences? of their radii? of their areas? Circle K Circle L b. What do you notice? 19. GEOMETRY Rhombus A is similar to Rhombus B. What is the ratio (A to B) of the corresponding side lengths? 20. A B Area = 36 cm2 Area = 64 cm2 A triangle with an area of 10 square meters has a base of 4 meters. A similar triangle has an area of 90 square meters. What is the height of the larger triangle? Find the percent of change. Round to the nearest tenth of a percent, if necessary. (Section 4.2) SECTION 4.2 21. 24 feet to 30 feet 22. 90 miles to 63 miles 23. 150 liters to 86 liters 24. MULTIPLE CHOICE A runner completes an 800-meter race in 2 minutes 40 seconds. What is the runner’s speed? (Section 3.1)3.1 SECTION A ○ 3 sec 10 m — B ○ 160 sec 1m — Section 5.2 MSNA7PE2_0502.indd 205 C ○ 5m 1 sec — D ○ 10 m 3 sec — Perimeters and Areas of Similar Figures 205 11/23/10 2:14:19 PM