Food Dehydrator & Jerky Maker Care/Use & Recipe Guide

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8425Cover
12/12/01
12:41 PM
Page C1
Food Dehydrator &
Jerky Maker
Care/Use &
Recipe Guide
Welcome to the fun and exciting world of food dehydration,
and thank you for choosing NESCO® American Harvest®
— “The world’s fastest, most even drying dehydrators.” ® —
Our long history of developing and manufacturing food dehydrators and accessories
enables us to bring to you the best in patented drying technology.
If you have any questions regarding your food dehydrator and/or food dehydration,
please contact our Customer Satisfaction Department at 800-288-4545.
Our associates will be happy to assist you.
Table of Contents
Printed in the U.S.A.
Bolger Concept to Print
Important Safeguards................................... 2
Product Information
• FD-50 & FD-50T Snackmaster® Pro® ...... 3
• FD-60 Snackmaster® Express™ ................. 5
• FD-1000 & FD-1010 Gardenmaster®...... 7
General Drying Guidelines .......................... 9
Fruits.......................................................... 13
Vegetables .................................................. 19
Jerky........................................................... 23
Herbs.......................................................... 26
Crafts ......................................................... 30
Breakfast Recipes ....................................... 36
Desserts, Cookies & Candies .................... 38
Condiments, Dressing, Stuffing,
Sauces, Salads, Soups & Snacks ..............42
Accessories................................................. 47
Index ..........................................................49
Warranty .....................................................51
About Your Warranty..................................52
10% Post
1
Important Safeguards
—This product is designed for household use only—
When using electrical appliances, basic safety precautions should always be
followed, including the following:
1. Read all instructions.
2. Do not touch hot surfaces.
3. To protect against electrical hazards, do not immerse power unit or any part
of the dehydrator cord or plug, in water or any other liquid.*
4. Close supervision is necessary when any appliance is used by or near children.
5. Unplug from outlet when not in use and before cleaning. Allow the unit to
cool before putting on and taking off parts.
6. Do not operate any appliance with a damaged cord or plug, or after the
appliance malfunctions, or has been damaged in any manner. Return appliance
to the nearest authorized service facility for examination, repair, or adjustment.
7. The use of accessory attachments not recommended by the appliance manufacturer may cause hazards.
8. Sharp utensils should not be used inside the dehydrator.
9. Do not let cord hang over edge of table or counter, or touch hot surfaces.
10. Do not use outdoors. Always dehydrate indoors on a flat surface to allow
sufficient air flow. Never place base on carpet, towel, newspaper, etc., which
can block air flow to the bottom of base and cause failure. Never cover entire
unit with anything, as that will cause failure. The dehydrator needs an open,
breathable space to function properly.
11. Do not place on or near a hot gas or electrical burner, or in heated oven.
12. Do not use this appliance for other than its intended use.
*The power unit is located in the base piece on the FD-50, FD-50T, FD-1000 and FD-1010. On
the FD-60, the power unit is located in the top piece.
Save These Instructions
NOTE: This appliance has a polarized plug (one blade is wider than the other).
As a safety feature, this plug will fit on a polarized outlet only one way. If the
plug does not fit fully in the outlet, reverse the plug. If it still does not fit,
contact a qualified electrician. Do not attempt to defeat this safety feature.
Short Cord Instructions — a short power supply cord is provided to reduce
the risk resulting from becoming entangled in or tripping over a longer cord.
Extension cords may be used if care is exercised in their use. If an extension
cord is used, the marked electrical rating of the cord should be at least as great
as the electrical rating of the appliance. The longer cord should be arranged
so that it will not drape over the table top where it can be pulled on by
children or tripped over unintentionally.
2
Product Information — FD-50/FD-50T Snackmaster® Pro®
The Snackmaster Pro dehydrator is perfect for amateurs and professionals who
want to make their own natural snacks,
including fruit rolls, dried fruits, and
beef jerky. The Snackmaster Pro comes
with four trays and is expandable to
12 trays (with additional Add-A-Tray®
accessories) for up to 10 sq. feet of
drying space. The quiet 2,100 rpm
motor and 500 watts dries items
quickly. The adjustable thermostat
(95° - 155°F) provides the flexibility to
dry all types of fruits, vegetables, herbs,
even cured meat.
Adjustable thermostat
Assembling Your NESCO® American Harvest®
Snackmaster Pro®
Before using your dehydrator for the first time, wash the trays in warm soapy
water. Caution: Do not put base power unit in water. Wipe the top and base
power unit with a damp cloth.
• Set the base power unit on a sturdy countertop or table.
• Stack trays on base power unit.
• Place the lid on the top tray.
• Locate the temperature control knob.
• Plug cord into electrical outlet and you’re ready to dehydrate!
Dehydrator Cover
Clean-A-Screen® (1 included)
Fruit Roll Sheet (1 included)
Tray (4 included – can be expanded
up to 12 trays)
Base Power Unit Cover (non-removable)
Base Power Unit
3
FD-50/FD-50T Product Information (continued)
Use and Care
Trays
Your dehydrator trays are easy to clean. Simply soak the trays in warm water with a
mild detergent for several minutes. A soft-bristle brush will loosen food particles
that resist softening by soaking. Don’t clean trays with any metal objects or scouring pads as they tend to damage the surface of the trays. Trays can be washed on
the top rack of your dishwasher if you remove them before the drying cycle.
Caution: Remove trays before the beginning of the drying cycle of your dishwasher.
Cover
The cover for the Snackmaster can be washed in warm soapy water or wiped clean
with a soft cloth or sponge. Wash top after it has been removed from the rest of the
machine. Don’t use scouring pads, abrasive cleaners, or sharp utensils. Do not
wash the cover in the dishwasher.
Base Power Unit
Caution: Be sure the unit is unplugged before cleaning the base power unit.
Use a damp cloth or towel to remove dried food particles from the base power unit.
Avoid dripping any liquid into electrical parts. CAUTION: DO NOT IMMERSE IN
WATER. Don’t use scouring pads, abrasive cleaners, or sharp utensils. Do NOT
remove the base power unit cover!
Precautions
Follow these safety rules when dehydrating food:
• When drying liquids, sauces, or purées, use a Fruit Roll Sheet, available from
NESCO® American Harvest.
• When drying jerky, place a fruit roll sheet on the bottom tray. The Fruit Roll
Sheet will catch drips and make cleaning easier.
• Wash hands thoroughly prior to handling food.
• Clean all utensils and containers with a mild solution of detergent, bleach and
water before using.
• Make sure all counter surfaces and cutting boards are thoroughly cleaned in the
manner above before using. Wooden or plastic cutting boards should be thoroughly disinfected.
• Keep foods in the refrigerator before preparing for drying. Store dried foods in
refrigerator or freezer.
• After opening sealed containers of dried food, use food as soon as possible.
• Store opened containers of dried food tightly sealed in the refrigerator to maintain freshness and quality.
• Do not spray vegetable oil directly onto the surface of the trays.
4
Product Information — FD-60 Snackmaster® Express™
The Snackmaster Express dehydrator is perfect for amateurs and professional who
want to make their own natural snacks,
Adjustable thermostat
including fruit rolls, dried fruits, and
beef jerky. The Snackmaster Express
comes with four trays and is expandable
to 12 trays (with additional Add-ATray™ accessories) for up to 10 sq. feet
of drying space. The quiet 2,100 rpm
motor and 500 watts dries items quickly. The adjustable thermostat (95° 155°F) provides the flexibility to dry all
types of fruits, vegetables, herbs, even
cured meat.
Moisture tray
Assembling Your NESCO® American Harvest®
Snackmaster® Express™
Before using your dehydrator for the first time, wash the trays in warm soapy
water. Caution: Do not put top mounted power unit in water. Wipe the top
mounted power unit with a damp cloth.
• Set the base on a sturdy countertop or table.
• Stack trays on base.
• Place the top mounted power unit on the top tray.
• Locate the temperature control knob.
• Plug cord into electrical outlet and you’re ready to dehydrate!
Cover With Top Mounted Power Unit
Clean-A-Screen® (not included with this
model — may be purchased separately)
Fruit Roll Sheet (1 included)
Tray (4 included – can be expanded up to
12 trays)
Base
Removable Moisture Tray
5
FD-60 Product Information (continued)
Use and Care
Trays
Your dehydrator trays are easy to clean. Simply soak the trays in warm water with
a mild detergent for several minutes. A soft-bristle brush will loosen food particles
that resist softening by soaking. Don’t clean trays with any metal objects or scouring pads as they tend to damage the surface of the trays. Trays can be washed on
the top rack of your dishwasher if you remove them before the drying cycle.
Caution: Remove trays before the beginning of the drying cycle of your
dishwasher.
Base and Moisture Tray
The base and removable moisture tray for the Snackmaster Express can be washed
in warm soapy water or wiped clean with a soft cloth or sponge. Wash both after
they have been removed from the rest of the machine. Don’t use scouring pads,
abrasive cleaners, or sharp utensils. Do not wash the base and removeable
moisture tray in the dishwasher.
Top Mounted Power Unit
Caution: Be sure the unit is unplugged before cleaning the top mounted power
unit. Use a damp cloth or towel to remove dried food particles from the top
mounted power unit of the dehydrator. Avoid dripping any liquid into electrical
parts. CAUTION: DO NOT IMMERSE IN WATER. Don’t use scouring pads, abrasive cleaners, or sharp utensils. Do NOT disassemble any part of the power unit.
Precautions
Follow these safety rules when dehydrating food:
• When drying liquids, sauces, or purées, use a Fruit Roll Sheet, available from
NESCO® American Harvest.
• When drying jerky, place a fruit roll sheet on the base. The Fruit Roll Sheet will
catch drips and make cleaning easier.
• Wash hands thoroughly prior to handling food.
• Clean all utensils and containers with a mild solution of detergent, bleach and
water before using.
• Make sure all counter surfaces and cutting boards are thoroughly cleaned in the
manner above before using. Wooden or plastic cutting boards should be thoroughly disinfected.
• Keep foods in the refrigerator before preparing for drying. Store dried foods in
refrigerator or freezer.
• After opening sealed containers of dried food, use food as soon as possible.
• Store opened containers of dried food tightly sealed in the refrigerator to maintain freshness and quality.
• Do not spray vegetable oil directly onto the surface of the trays.
6
Product Information — FD-1000/FD-1010 Gardenmaster®
The Gardenmaster® dehydrator is the ultimate garden preserver. It is ideal for
people who dry produce, flowers, herbs,
and spices on a regular basis. The
Gardenmaster dehydrator comes with
four trays and is expandable up to
30 trays with Add-A-Tray® accessories.
Each tray holds up to one square foot
of produce — you can dry up to 30
square feet of garden items, fruits,
herbs, spices, and crafts simultaneously
with Add-A-Tray® accessories! The
Gardenmaster has a 2,400 rpm motor
and 1,000 watts for faster drying.
On/Off
It also has an adjustable thermostat
Switch
(95° - 155°F) for more precise drying.
Adjustable thermostat
Assembling Your NESCO® American Harvest®
Gardenmaster®
Before using your dehydrator for the first time, wash the trays in warm soapy
water. Caution: Do not put base power unit in water. Wipe the top and base
power unit with a damp cloth.
• Set the base power unit on a sturdy countertop or table.
• Stack trays on base power unit.
• Place the lid on the top tray.
• Locate the temperature control knob and the on/off switch.
• Plug cord into electrical outlet and you’re ready to dehydrate!
Dehydrator Cover
Clean-A-Screen® (1 included)
Fruit Roll Sheet (1 included)
Tray (4 included – can be expanded
up to 30 trays)
Base Power Unit Cover (non-removable)
Base Power Unit
7
FD-1000/FD-1010 Product Information (continued)
Use and Care
Trays
Your dehydrator trays are easy to clean. Simply soak the trays in warm water with a
mild detergent for several minutes. A soft-bristle brush will loosen food particles
that resist softening by soaking. Don’t clean trays with any metal objects or scouring pads as they tend to damage the surface of the trays. Trays can be washed on
the top rack of your dishwasher if you remove them before the drying cycle.
Caution: Remove trays before the beginning of the drying cycle of your dishwasher.
Cover
Do not submerge the cover of the Gardenmaster dehydrator in water. Wipe clean
with a soft cloth or sponge. Don’t use scouring pads, abrasive cleaners, or sharp
utensils. Do not wash the cover in the dishwasher.
Base Power Unit
Caution: Be sure the unit is unplugged before cleaning the base power unit.
Use a damp cloth or towel to remove dried food particles from the base power unit
of the dehydrator. Avoid dripping any liquid into electrical parts. CAUTION: DO
NOT IMMERSE IN WATER. Don’t use scouring pads, abrasive cleaners, or sharp
utensils. Do NOT remove the base power unit cover.
Precautions
Follow these safety rules when dehydrating food:
• When drying liquids, sauces, or purées, use a Fruit Roll Sheet, available from
NESCO® American Harvest.
• When drying jerky, place a fruit roll sheet on the base. The Fruit Roll Sheet will
catch drips and make cleaning easier.
• Wash hands thoroughly prior to handling food.
• Clean all utensils and containers with a mild solution of detergent, bleach and
water before using.
• Make sure all counter surfaces and cutting boards are thoroughly cleaned in the
manner above before using. Wooden or plastic cutting boards should be thoroughly disinfected.
• Keep foods in the refrigerator before preparing for drying. Store dried foods in
refrigerator or freezer.
• After opening sealed containers of dried food, use food as soon as possible.
• Store opened containers of dried food tightly sealed in the refrigerator to maintain freshness and quality.
• Do not spray vegetable oil directly onto the surface of the trays.
8
General
Drying
Guidelines
here are no absolutes and quite a
few variables in food dehydration.
The only way to become proficient
is to dry, dry, and dry some more!
Certain varieties of produce, the humidity in the air, and even methods of food
handling make a difference in the drying
time and quality of dried product.
• Do not add fresh produce to a partially dried batch. It will slow the rate of
drying for both products. It is possible
however, to combine partially dried
foods on to fewer trays.
T
• Many people have more than one
NESCO® American Harvest® dehydrator. If you have two, it’s easy to combine a load from both dehydrators
after a few hours and start a new
batch in your second dehydrator
using the remaining trays.
• Experiment with different drying temperatures, thicknesses of produce, pretreatment versus no pre-treatment and
different rehydration methods. You
will determine what works best for
your particular needs and preferences.
Selecting food to dry
Select the best quality produce at the
peak of ripeness and flavor. Wash
carefully to remove debris, dust, and
insects. Cut away any bruised or
damaged sections.
• To save nutrients and produce a
quality product, it is necessary to
work fast preparing foods to dry.
When placed in your dehydrator,
they need to dry continuously at the
recommended temperatures and
times. Do not turn off your dehydrator and leave partially dried foods
sitting on the trays. The food may
spoil or develop off flavors.
Loading Trays
Lay food pieces evenly on trays. Don’t
overlap food pieces as this will inhibit
drying. As each tray is loaded, place it
on the dehydrator to begin drying.
• Spread all foods evenly to dry in
single layers. If slices overlap, the
areas that are overlapping will take
twice as long to dry.
9
Drying Time
to a minimum during the first stages of
drying when they tend to multiply.
Nuts and seeds are high in oil, and if
higher temperatures are used, they will
tend to become rancid, developing off
flavors. The best drying temperature
for them is from 90° to 100°F (30° to
40°C).
Because of the unique design of the
patented Converga-Flow® system of
your NESCO® American Harvest® dehydrator, you’ll be surprised at how quickly most foods dry.
Drying times may vary, depending on
the type and amount of food, thickness
and evenness of the slices, percentage
of water in the food, humidity, temperature of air, altitude and the model of
NESCO® American Harvest® dehydrator you are using. Drying times may
also vary greatly from one area of the
country to another and from day to day,
depending on the climactic conditions.
Keep records to help you predict
future drying times for specific foods.
Herbs and spices are most flavorful
when they first open and should be
harvested while very fresh, before they
begin to blossom. Because the aromatic
oils are very sensitive, temperatures
should be 90° to 100°F (30° to 40°C)
for drying. Herbs generally dry in an
hour or two. Take care not to load
trays too heavily as this will prolong the
drying time.
Dried flowers, herbs and spices used
for potpourri should be dried at temperatures ranging from 90° to 100°F (30°
to 40°C.). These low temperatures
maintain aroma and colors.
Drying Temperature
Foods dried in the NESCO® American
Harvest Gardenmaster® dehydrator generally dry more quickly than in other
models. Fruits, fruit rolls, and vegetables should be dried at 130° to 140°F
(55° to 60°C). By drying foods in this
temperature range you will minimize
the loss of heat-sensitive vitamins A and
C. Because, all foods sweat when they
first begin to dry, the temperature may
be set higher than 140°F (60°C) during
the first couple of hours of drying. The
actual temperature of the food will
remain 15° to 20°F (6° to 8°C) lower
than the air temperature for the first
couple of hours.
Use these guidelines for the foundation
of your dehydrating techniques. Expand
on them as you gain skill and confidence with experience.
Testing for Dryness
Food must be carefully monitored near
the end of the dehydration process to
prevent overdrying. Overdried foods
lose quality in texture, nutrition and
taste. To test for dryness, remove a piece
of food, allow it to cool, and feel with
your fingers to determine dryness:
• Fruits should be pliable and leathery
with no pockets of moisture. To check
if fruit is dry, tear a piece in half and
watch for moisture beads along the
tear. If there aren’t any, it is sufficiently dry for long term storage.
Meats and fish should be dried on the
highest temperature setting of your
dehydrator. Since meats and fish do not
contain vitamins A or C, these higher
temperatures do not affect nutritional
value. These temperatures also keep
bacteria and other spoilage microorganisms, common to meats and fish,
10
• Fruit rolls should be leathery
with no sticky spots.
• Jerky should be tough but not brittle.
• Dried fish should be tough. If the fish
is high in fat, it may appear moist due
to the high oil content.
• Vegetables should be tough or crisp.
Plastic freezer bags can be used. Plastic
storage bags not labeled for use in the
freezer generally are not airtight nor
moisture-proof and should not be used
to store dried foods.
Since most packaging materials are
transparent, store packaged dried foods
in a plastic or metal container which
will not allow the light to penetrate. Do
not store fruits and vegetables together
in the same storage container because
flavor and moisture may transfer.
Packaging
Some pieces may dry in a shorter time
than others and should be removed and
placed in an airtight container while
allowing the rest of the pieces to remain
in the dehydrator until sufficiently dry.
Fruit rolls are best if removed while still
warm. Wrap in plastic wrap and place
in airtight moisture-proof containers for
storage.
Package all dried foods promptly to
prevent contamination by insects and
to prevent stickiness and rehydration
caused by humidity. Store dried foods
in airtight, moisture proof containers.
Onions and tomatoes are especially
prone to absorb moisture from the air
and should be packaged immediately
after removing from the dehydrator.
Home vacuum packaging devices are
ideal for packaging dried foods. They
extend the shelf life of dried foods 3 to
4 times. Home vacuum packaging can
be done in bags or glass jars. Manufacturers’ bags, designed for use in
home vacuum-packaging, are moisture
proof and airtight. Glass jars are vacuum sealed using a lid with a rubber
gasket. Only glass jars which have been
tempered for canning should be used.
Other storage jars may explode under
the pressure of vacuum packaging. Be
sure to follow the manufacturers’
instructions.
If foods are insufficiently dried, or are
exposed to moisture from faulty packaging, they can lose quality and nutrition,
and can even mold during storage.
Labeling
All dehydrated foods should be labeled
with the name of the product, date
dried, and quantity or weight. Clear
labeling allows you to rotate foods so
that you minimize waste and nutrient
loss.
Bag sealers can also be used to package
dehydrated foods. Bag sealers do not
remove air within the package, but the
bags are moisture-proof and airtight.
Squeeze the pouch tightly against the
food to remove as much air as possible
before sealing.
Storage
The storage area should be cool, dry,
and as dark as possible. The darker and
cooler the storage area, the longer the
dried foods will last with good quality
and nutritive value. For every 18°F
(10°C) drop in storage temperature, the
shelf life of dehydrated foods increases
3 to 4 times.
11
The ideal storage temperature for
dehydrated food is 60°F (15°C) to
below freezing. The ideal storage place
is your freezer or refrigerator, particularly for storing low acid foods such as
meats, fish, and vegetables.
Fruits or vegetables may also be rehydrated in liquids other than water,
including fruit juices, cider, vegetable
juices, milk, consommé, etc. Refrigerate
these foods while they are soaking to
reduce any risk of spoilage.
All fruits dried with skins intact should
be packaged and frozen for a minimum
of 48 hours to prevent any possibility of
insect infestation.
Do not add seasonings, especially salt or
sugar during rehydration because they
slow the rehydration process.
Cooking Dried Food
Record Keeping
After rehydrating food, cook it as you
would normally. If foods are cooked
before they are fully rehydrated, they
will cook in a shriveled state and will
not be plump. Most fruits and vegetables will rehydrate to about 80% of their
fresh state. Consequently they are a
little more chewy than a fresh or
frozen fruit or vegetable, even when
rehydrated.
Recording the following information
can be helpful in improving your dehydrating techniques and determining
quantities of food to dry each season.
• Date dried
• Quantity dried, including weight
of produce before and after drying
• Drying time, temperature, and
humidity
• Packaging: size of containers and
packaging materials used
• Storage temperature
• Length of storage time before use
Dried food used in cooking will absorb
additional liquid, so adjust the recipe
accordingly by adding more water:
• Vegetables – add 1 additional cup of
water for one cup dried food.
• Stewed fruits – add 2 additional cups
of water for each cup of fruit, allow to
stand for 1 hour, and simmer until
tender.
• Pies or fillings – use 1 additional cup
of water per 1 cup of fruit – less, if
you desire a thicker consistency.
By labeling storage containers with
the contents and date dried, you can
keep track of your supply, rotate as
needed and avoid mix-ups.
Rehydrating Dried Food
Eat dehydrated foods dry or rehydrate
for use in recipes. Rehydrate by
placing dried foods in a container (with
enough water to cover food) and soaking for 30 minutes to 2 hours Boiling
water rehydrates foods more quickly
than cold water or water at room temperature.
Note: When using fruits in baking or
for ice cream, they may be softened by
covering with boiling water and allowing them to stand for 5 minutes. Drain,
then chop or blend, depending upon
use.
12
Drying
Fruits
time needed depends on the thickness
and toughness of the skin) to speed
dehydration. This makes the skin more
porous by removing the natural wax
coating and thereby speeds up the drying
time. This process is called checking.
Small lines appear on the fruit skin
allowing moisture to escape but may be
too fine to be visible. Many fruits can be
dried in halves with the pits removed. If
they are dried with the skins on, be sure
to place them skin-side down to prevent
fruit juice and pulp from dripping down
through the trays. Check frequently near
the end of the drying process and remove
pieces as they become dry. To peel or not
to peel is a decision only you can make
(if the fruit has been artificially waxed,
it should definitely be peeled to remove
the wax). The skin has nutritional value,
but skins tend to be very tough when
dried and fruits take longer to dry
with the skin on. Try fruits both
ways – peeled and not peeled – then
decide for yourself.
F
ruits are ideal to dry because they
have a naturally high sugar content. They are high in acid (and
consequently less prone to spoilage and
micro-organisms), and taste delicious!
Seasonally, fruit can be obtained in bulk
from orchards or farms for considerably
lower prices than what you may find in
the supermarket.
Selection
Fruits picked at their prime have
the highest natural sugar content and
the best nutritional value. For the
best quality product, choose only fresh,
ripe, unblemished fruits.
Preparation
Wash fruit thoroughly and remove
any imperfections. Remove skins (if
desired), stems, and stones. Halve or
slice in 1⁄4" to 1⁄2" circles or slices (a food
processor or slicer will speed the slicing
and ensure more uniform slices, which
will allow fruits to dry at the same rate.)
Some fruits have a natural protective
wax coating such as figs, prunes, grapes,
blueberries, cranberries, etc. If you want
to dry these fruits whole, dip into boiling
water for 1 to 2 minutes (the amount of
Pre-treat if desired and place the fruit
into the dehydrator to dry at 135°F
(57°C).
13
Should I Pre-Treat?
Slice fruit directly into juice or ascorbic
acid mixture. Soak 5 minutes and place
on trays. Fruits can also be dipped in
honey or a honey/fruit juice mixture.
Pre-treatment isn't necessary for most
fruits. The majority of fruits are simply
sliced and dried. However, some fruits
tend to oxidize more than others.
Oxidation causes browning of cut food
surfaces when fruit is dried, This causes
a loss in flavor and vitamins A and C.
Syrup Blanching
Fruit which has been syrup blanched is
sweeter because it absorbs some of the
sugar from the blanching solution. It also
tends to be stickier, even though it is
rinsed prior to drying.
Pre-treatment minimizes oxidation, and
gives you a superior-quality, better tasting product with less vitamin loss.
Apples, pears, peaches and apricots are
better when pre-treated. They are more
appetizing, have a longer shelf life, and
higher nutritional value when pre-treated
prior to drying. Place cut fruits that tend
to brown in a holding solution of ascorbic acid to reduce browning during
preparation. Do not keep cut fruit in a
holding solution for more than an hour.
Prepare a sugar syrup by mixing 1 cup
sugar, 1 cup white corn syrup, and
2 cups water. Boil and add prepared fruit.
Simmer for 10 minutes over low heat.
Remove and allow to stand in the hot
syrup 30 to 45 minutes. Drain the fruit,
rinse lightly with cold water, and place
on drying trays.
Sulfating
Use one of the following methods of
pre-treatment.
Soaking fruits in a solution of sodium
bisulfite slows oxidation and reduces
browning, as well as the loss of vitamins
A and C. Sodium bisulfite may be
obtained from wine-making supply
houses. Sulfating isn’t recommended
for use if individuals are on restricted
sodium diets or have asthmatic or
respiratory conditions. Dissolve 1 tablespoon sodium bisulfite in 1 gallon water.
Soak 5 to 10 minutes. Rinse.
Natural Pre-Treatment
Garnishes
Pre-Treatment
Pre-treatments can vary from soaking in
fruit juice, ascorbic acid mixtures, syrup
blanching, steaming, to sulfating. The
results of each of these methods also
vary. Experiment and decide for yourself
which one you like best.
Fruit juices containing ascorbic acid may
be used as a natural pre-treatment to
reduce browning. Although there will
still be some loss of color, pineapple,
orange, lemon, or lime juice can be used.
Ascorbic acid mixtures, available from
your supermarket can also be used.
Follow the directions on the package.
14
After fruits have been prepared for drying, garnish with spices, gelatin powders
or coconut to give fruits a snappy flavor.
Granola, chopped nuts, poppy seeds,
sesame seeds, or sunflower seeds can
also be sprinkled on fruits. These adhere
best to fresh fruits if the fruits have first
been dipped in a fruit juice or honey.
Use your imagination for other dips
or sprinkles.
Drying Fruit Rolls
Conditioning
Moisture will tend to equalize throughout a container of dried fruit when left
at room temperature for several days.
If some pieces are drier than others,
the conditioning process will allow the
moisture to equalize. If any condensation appears on the lid of the container,
fruits are insufficiently dried. Return
to the dryer and check periodically
for dryness.
Fruit rolls, also known as fruit leathers,
are a favorite snack for young and old
alike. It is a chewy fruit product made
from puréed fresh fruit which has been
dried and rolled into snack sized pieces.
Fruit rolls are easy to make and cost
less than those bought at the store.
Selection
Almost any fruit will make an excellent
fruit roll. Most fruits can also be combined with others.
Hints and Suggestions
• Place a cup of dried apple slices in
the blender with a cup of water for
instant applesauce.
• Strawberries are perfect for malts,
shakes and sundaes.
• Cantaloupe and watermelon slices
become candy-like when dried.
• Dehydrate lemon and orange slices
and powder for use in recipes calling
for grated rind.
• Dehydrate grapes to make raisins that
taste better and plump up in recipes
better than store bought raisins.
• Dry banana slices until crisp, then
powder in blender and use for flavoring in recipes.
• Slice bananas 1⁄4" thick and dip into a
glaze of 1⁄4 cup of honey mixed with
1⁄4 cup water. Drain. Place on trays
and dry. For variety add 1/8 teaspoon
cinnamon to the glaze before dipping
bananas.
Some fruits, such as apples, are high in
pectin and fiber and have an excellent
texture when dried. The combinations
are limitless. Use your imagination and
have fun!
Use fresh fruits in season. You can also
use slightly overripe fruits, irregularly
shaped fruits, or slightly bruised fruits
which would be unsuitable for canning
or drying.
Some fruits, such as citrus, should be
used in combination with other fruits
because they have so much liquid and
very little pulp. If you find that a fruit is
too runny, combine it with apple, applesauce or a similar fruit which will give
it more substance.
When fresh fruits are not available,
canned fruits (either sweetened or
un-sweetened) can be used. Simply
drain the liquid, and pour the fruit into
the blender. Applesauce can be taken
directly from the container for wonderful fruit rolls. Frozen fruits can also be
used, although they tend to be a bit
more runny. Simply thaw and follow
directions for using fresh fruits.
15
Preparation
Fruit Roll Recipes
Wash fruits and cut away any bruised
or spoiled portions. Purée fruit in a
blender until it is very smooth. In some
blenders with some fruits, you may
want to add a little juice or water to
start the blending process.
Strawberry Rhubarb Leather
1 cup rhubarb
1
⁄4 cup water
2 cups strawberries
1
⁄2 cup honey
Combine 1⁄4 cup water and 1 cup
rhubarb. Simmer on stove over medium
high heat for 5 minutes. Add 2 cups
strawberries and 1⁄2 cup honey. Purée to
smooth consistency in blender. Pour on
a Fruit Roll sheet and dry.
Fruits generally need no added
sweetening, but if fruits are under ripe
or particularly tart, you may add light
corn syrup or honey. Add 1 or more
tablespoons sweetening for each quart
of purée, depending on your preference
(sugar added to fruit leather tends to
become brittle during storage).
Garnishes
Boysenberry Leather
1 quart of boysenberries.
Purée boysenberries in a blender. Strain
through cheesecloth to remove seeds.
Place on Fruit Roll sheet and dry.
For added variety, sprinkle different
garnishes on fruit rolls before they are
dried. Try coconut, chopped dates, nuts,
raisins, granola, poppy seeds, sesame
seeds or sunflower seeds. When these
garnishes are used, fruit rolls should
always be stored in the refrigerator
or freezer.
Yogurt Leather
Spread home made or store bought
yogurt on a lightly sprayed Fruit Roll
sheet (approximately 1⁄4" thick.) Dry at
130° F (55° C) for approximately 12 to
14 hours. Experiment until you find the
brand which dries most evenly.
Drying
Applesauce Leather
Place a Fruit Roll sheet on dehydrator
tray and spray lightly with a vegetable
spray to prevent sticking. Purée should
be about 1⁄4 to 3⁄8" thick and evenly
spread and dry at 130° - 140°F ( 55°60 °C) until fruit feels leather-like and
is pliable, approximately 4 to 8 hours.
There should be no sticky spots on top
or underneath the fruit. Remove the
leather while it is still warm, roll, cut
into smaller sized pieces (if desired)
and wrap in plastic wrap.
2 lbs. apples, peeled, cored and quartered
1
⁄4 cup lemon juice
1
⁄2 cup sugar
1 teaspoon cinnamon
Simmer apples in a saucepan with 1⁄2
cup water until softened (about 15-20
minutes). Place lemon juice in blender
and gradually add the apples. Purée.
Add sugar and cinnamon. Mix well,
pour on a Fruit Roll sheet and dry. If
you are going to rehydrate into applesauce, measure purée when putting it
on tray.
Storage
To rehydrate, add 1 cup of water to each
cup of leather.
Individually wrapped pieces of fruit
leather should be stored in larger airtight and moisture proof containers.
See Packaging, page 11.
16
Fruit Drying Guidelines
Expect a variance in the time needed to dry different fruits. Drying times are affected by the size of the load, fruit thickness, the moisture content of the food itself,
as well as other variables discussed in Drying Time, page 10. If pre-treatment is
suggested, use one of the pre-treatments indicated on page 14. The guidelines
below are general. For the most accurate drying times, keep records of your own
specific experiences in the space provided under each general time guideline in the
table below.
1. Spread fruits in single layers unless otherwise noted.
2. Usual drying temperature is 135°F (57°C)
Average
Drying Time
Food
Preparation
Apples
Pare, core, cut in 3/8"
rings. Pre- treat
4-10 hrs.
Applesauce, pies, cobblers
snacks, breads and cookies
Apricots
Cut in half, remove pit
and cut in quarters.
Pre-treat
8-16 hrs.
Desserts, muesli, meat dishes
pies and sauces
Bananas
Peel, cut in 3/8" slices
or divide lengthwise
6-12 hrs.
Snacks, baby food, granola,
cookies, and banana bread
Blueberries
Wash and remove stems.
Dip into boiling water for
1-2 minutes
10-18 hrs.
Breads, baked goods, snacks
ice cream, yogurt and muesli
Canned
Fruit
Dip in boiling water
Drain well. If small, place
on mesh screen.
6-12 hrs.
snacks, breads,granola
Cherries
Wash, remove stems and pit
18-26 hrs.
Breads, baked goods
and snacks
Citrus
Fruits
Peel, if desired.
Slice 3/8" thick
6-12 hrs.
Flavorings when powdered
Coconut
Remove dark outer skin,
slice 3/8" thick. Dry at 110°F
3-8 hrs.
Cakes, cookies,
desserts and granola
Cranberries
Wash and remove stems.
Dip into boiling water for
1-2 minutes
10-18 hrs.
Figs
Remove stems and halve
8-15 hrs
17
Uses
Breads, baked goods, snacks
ice cream, yogurt and muesli
Fillings, cakes, puddings,
breads and cookies
Fruit Drying Guidelines
Average
Drying Time
Food
Preparation
Grapes
Leave whole, remove stems
10-36 hrs.
If blanched
6-10 hours
Uses
Raisins; use in baked
goods, cereals and snacks
Kiwi
Peel, slice 3/8" to 1/2" thick
5-12 hrs.
Snacks
Mangos
Remove skin, slice 3/8"
thick from seed
6-16 hrs.
Snacks, cereals and
baked goods
Melons
Remove skin and seeds.
Slice 1/2" thick
8-20 hrs.
Snacks
Nectarines
Quarter or slice 3/8" to
1/2" thick. Pre -treat
6-16 hrs.
Snacks, desserts and
baked goods
Oranges,
limes,
lemons
Slice 1/4" thick
2-12 hrs.
Crafts, snacks, baking
Peaches
Peel if desired.
Halve or quarter
6-16 hrs.
Snacks, breads, cobblers,
cookies and granola
Pears
Peel, core, and slice
3/8" thick. Pre-treat
6-16 hrs.
Snacks, breads, cookies,
fritters and granola
Pineapple
Peel, core, slice 3/8" to
1/2" thick
6-12 hrs.
Snacks, baked goods,
baked granola
Plums/Prunes
Halve or quarter
and remove pit
8-16 hrs.
Snacks, cookies, muffins,
bread and granola
Rhubarb
desserts
Slice in 1" lengths. Steam
6-14 hrs.
Pies, tarts and other
6-12 hrs.
Snacks, cereals, and
baked goods
until slightly tender
Strawberries
Halve or slice 1/2" thick
18
Drying
Vegetables
ome vegetables are quite good dried.
Others lose their appeal and are better
frozen or fresh. Some vegetables are
far better frozen than dried, if you must
preserve them. Vegetables have a low acid
and sugar content that makes them more
subject to spoilage, and tend to have a far
shorter shelf life than dried fruits.
Packaging and ideal storage conditions
are key elements to producing dried
vegetables which will taste as good in
December as they did in the summer from
your garden!
action which will continue during
drying and storage. Water blanching is
not recommended because of the loss of
water soluble vitamins and minerals.
S
Note: Blanching softens the cell structure, allowing the moisture to escape
more easily and also allows vegetables
to rehydrate faster. There is no need to
blanch onions, garlic, peppers, and
mushrooms. Herbs also are not
blanched.
Steam Blanching
Selection
Wash vegetables thoroughly and remove
any blemishes. Peel, trim, core, and/or
slice vegetables.
Use a commercial steamer or a pan with
a tight fitting lid and a steaming rack.
Bring about 1 inch of water to a brisk
boil and drop in sliced vegetables.
Cover. Steam until vegetables are heated
completely through, but not cooked.
This is usually about 1⁄3 of the time
required to cook the vegetable.
Vegetables should still be crunchy.
Drain in steamer rack and place immediately on dryer trays.
Blanching
Microwave Blanching
Choose fresh, crisp vegetables for a high
quality dehydrated product. Just like
fruits, vegetables should be picked ripe
and dried as soon as possible to minimize nutritional loss.
Preparation
A microwave is ideal for blanching
vegetables. Prepare them in the same
manner as for steam blanching. Place
them in a microwave-safe dish, cover,
Most vegetables must be blanched,
either by steaming over boiling water
or in the microwave to slow the enzyme
19
and cook on high for about 1⁄2 of the
time required to completely cook the
fresh vegetable. Depending on the age
and design of your microwave, you may
want to stop the cooking half way
through and stir the vegetables to
achieve a more even blanching.
Tomato slices – use for color and
crunch when crumbled over a tossed
salad. They rehydrate well in soups,
stews and casseroles. Tomato leathers
can be powdered and used as instant
soup, sauces and paste.
All Purpose Tomato Sauce
Wash and core 15 lbs. of ripe tomatoes.
Chop in blender.
Chop or grind:
4 large green peppers
3 large onions
3 large carrots
2 garlic cloves
1 jar pimentos
Drying
Load blanched vegetables onto drying
trays, making sure that air can move
freely between the pieces. For vegetables, such as corn or peas, that tend to
clump together, stir occasionally to
allow air to reach all of the pieces.
Mix all ingredients together, then blend
in portions until smooth. Press through
a strainer to remove any pulp.
Vegetables are dried until they are crisp,
tough, or brittle. Package immediately
after drying to prevent absorption of
moisture from the air. See Packaging,
page 11 & Storage, page 16.
In a very large kettle (12 qt. or larger)
or 2 smaller kettles (6qts.) bring mixture to a boil over medium heat. Boil
gently, uncovered for about 5 hours.
Stir often to prevent scorching. Mixture
should be thick enough to mound on a
spoon. Ladle onto 5 Fruit Roll sheets
and dry at 140°F until crisp. Powder
in blender.
Hints and Suggestions
Carrots – to save time grating, dry carrots for salads, carrot cake or coleslaw.
Green pepper, onion, celery, chives,
etc., – chop and dry in a one-day effort
for use instantly all year!
Add different amounts of water to your
powder mixture to make:
Tomato Paste –
1 t. powder and 1 t. water.
Tomato Sauce –
l t. powder and 3 t. water.
Tomato Soup –
1 t. powder, 1 t. water and 2 t. cream.
Tomato Juice –
1 t. powder and 1/2 c. water or more.
Adjust amount of water to taste for
soup and juice.
Green beans, wax beans & green peas
– best when used in soups, stews or
casseroles.
Onion powder – dry the whole vegetable slice until crisp and powder in
the blender or chop in blender for
chopped onions.
20
Vegetable Drying Guidelines
Vegetables will also vary in their drying times. Blanching decreases drying times,
but not all vegetables are blanched. Again, the average drying times below are
general and depend on different variables which are listed in Drying Time page 10.
For more accurate times, keep records of your own specific experience and record
them in the space provided under each general time guideline.
1. Spread vegetables in single layers unless otherwise noted.
2. Usual drying temperature is 130° F to 145°F (55°to 63°C)
Average
Drying Time Uses
Food
Preparation
Artichoke
Globe
Cut hearts into 1/8" strips,
blanch
Asparagus
Wash and cut into 1"
pieces. Blanch
3-10 hrs.
Rehydrate, serve in
cream sauce
Beans
Green/Wax
Remove ends, cut into
1" pieces. Blanch
6-12 hrs.
Stews, soups and casseroles
Beets
Steam until tender. Cool and
peel. Cut into 1/2" pieces
3-10 hrs.
Soups and stews
Broccoli
Wash, cut as for serving.
Blanch
4-10 hrs.
Soups, quiche or souffles,
cream or cheese sauce
Carrots
Peel, cut ends, slice in
3/8" thick or shred. Blanch
6-12 hrs.
Salads, soups, stews and
carrot cake
Cauliflower Wash, cut as for serving.
Blanch
6-14 hrs.
Soups and stews
Celery
Trim, wash and cut 1/2" slices.
Blanch in solution of 1/2 t.
baking soda to 1 cup water
3-10 hrs.
Soups, stews, powder for celery
salt (add equal parts celery and salt)
Corn
Husk, remove silk and
blanch. Remove from cob
6-12 hrs.
Fritters, soups, stews or grind
for cornmeal
Eggplant
Peel, slice 1/4" thick
and blanch
4-14 hrs.
Cream sauces, casseroles,
dip in batter and fry
Garlic
6-12 hrs.
Separate and peel cloves
6-12 hrs.
21
Marinade or dip in batter
and fry
Powder for seasoning
Vegetable Drying Guidelines
Average
Drying Time Uses
Food
Preparation
Mushrooms*
Clean with soft brush
or cloth. Don't wash
4-10 hrs.
Rehydrate for soups, meat
dishes, omelets or frying
Onions
Remove skins, tops, and
root ends. Slice 3/8" thick
6-12 hrs.
Soups, stews and sauces.
Powder for seasoning salt
Package immediately
Peas
Shell, wash and blanch
5-14 hrs.
Soups, stews and mixed
vegetables
Peppers
Remove stem & seeds.
Cut into 1/2" pieces
5-12 hrs.
Soups, stews, pizza, meat
dishes and seasoning
Peppers (hot) Wash, slice or cut in half
remove seeds if you desire
a milder pepper.
3-20 hrs.
Soups, stews, pizza,
and seasoning
Potatoes
Use white potatoes. Peel and
slice 3/8" thick.Blanch.
Rinse and dry**
6-12 hrs.
Stews, soups and casseroles
Tomatoes
Wash and slice 3/8" circles
or dip in boiling water to
loosen skins, halve or quarter
6-12 hrs.
Soups and stews. Powder in
blender and add water for
paste or sauce.*** Dry in
roll-up form for pizza sauce
Zucchini or
Squash
Wash, remove ends and
slice 3/8" thick or grate.
Steam if you plan to rehydrate
5-10 hrs.
Breads, chips with
dip, soups and casserole.
(1 week shelf life)
* Dry at 80°-90°F for 2 to 3 hours then turn temperature up to 120°-125° and dry
for remaining time.
**Blanch for 5 minutes or until translucent. If not steamed long enough, they will turn
black during drying and storage.
***For information on rehydrating tomato powder and uses, see page 20.
22
Drying
Jerky
erky is a favorite snack for school,
lunch, trail or just about anywhere!
It is made by seasoning raw meat in
a salt mixture, and then drying it
without cooking. The finished product
is an exercise in chewing and ever
so delicious!
When making jerky from pork, chicken
or turkey, use precooked and processed
meat. Be sure to dry it at the highest
temperature setting. After drying, heat it
in your oven at a minimum temperature
of 160°F (71°C) for at least 30 minutes
as a precaution against the risk of salmonella. When you are jerking game
meats, freeze the meats for at least 60
days at 0°F (-18°C) before drying, as a
precaution against any diseases the
animal might be carrying. Lean ground
meats can also be dried. Add seasonings. Then press or form into strips or
sticks, and place on trays to dry.
J
Meat Jerky
You won't have to pay the exorbitant
prices for jerky slices or sticks at the
supermarket. Most lean meats will yield
about 1 pound of jerky for 3 pounds of
fresh meat.
Selection
Jerky may be made from a variety of
different meats. When purchasing meats
for making jerky, choose lean meats
with minimal marbling (fat), as fat
tends to go rancid during storage. A
lean cut of flank steak or round steak
makes excellent jerky.
Preparation
Using the NESCO® American Harvest®
Jerky Works™ kit, you can make delicious jerky from ground meat. It’s best
to use ground round or lean (or extra
lean) ground beef. Season with
NESCO®American Harvest® Jerky
Seasoning Mixes.
Marinate cut meats in store-bought or
your own recipe marinade for 6 to 8
hours in the refrigerator before drying.
Remove all fat from meat and cut into
thin strips 1⁄4" to 3⁄8" thick. It is easier
to slice partially frozen meat for jerky.
If meats are cut on the crosswise grain,
jerky is less chewy than if meats are cut
on the length-wise grain.
If you are using your own recipe, be
sure to include 1⁄2 to 1 teaspoon of salt
for each pound of meat. The salt slows
23
surface bacterial growth during the
initial stages of drying.
Beef Jerky Marinade
Note: Use this recipe on beef, venison
or other game meats.
4 tablespoons soy sauce
4 tablespoons Worcestershire sauce
1 tablespoons tomato sauce
1 tablespoon grated ginger root
(optional)
1
⁄4 teaspoon black pepper
(more pepper for hotter jerky)
1 tablespoon curry powder (optional)
2 cloves garlic
1
⁄2 teaspoon salt
Marinate the meat for 4 to 6 hours, then
drain. Place on trays to dry.
If you are making jerky from a ground
meat, add one package jerky seasoning
mix per pound of ground meat. Mix
well and form strips by using the Jerky
Works™ kit or a cookie press. Place on
trays in your dehydrator and dry.
EASY
HOMEMADE JERKY FROM
LEAN GROUND MEAT USING THE
JERKY WORKS™ ACCESSORY.
Drying Meat
MIX
Meats should be dried at 155°F (68°C).
Depending on how thick the meat is
cut, how heavily the dryer is loaded,
and the humidity, it will take from 4 to
15 hours to dry.
FILL
JERKY GUN
Pat jerky with clean paper towels
several times as it dries, to remove the
oil which accumulates on the top of the
jerky. When removing jerky from the
dryer, wrap it in paper towels and let it
stand for a couple of hours prior to
packaging. Excess fat will be absorbed
in the paper towels and shelf life will
be extended.
IN
SPICES
Storage
Beef jerky that is stored on the shelf will
start to go rancid at room temperature
after 3 or 4 weeks. Refrigerate or freeze
for longer storage.
EXTRUDE
MEAT INTO
TRAY
24
Drying Cooked Meats
Selection
If you are drying meat for other
purposes than jerky such as for stew,
sandwich spreads, or stroganoff, the
meat should be tender and choice. It
must be cooked so that it will not be
tough and chewy when reconstituted.
Using the remainder of a dinner roast
or left-over steak saves the step of
precooking the meat. Dehydrate those
leftovers for snacks, back-packing, and
camping meals.
Choose fresh fish to dry. If you catch it,
clean it promptly and keep it on ice
until you are ready to dehydrate it.
If you are purchasing fish, be sure that
it is fresh and not previously frozen.
Frozen fish can still be made into jerky,
but be aware that the quality is inferior
to fresh.
Preparation
Cut cold fish into strips 1⁄4 to 3⁄8 inch
thick. Marinate in your own favorite
marinade.
The shelf life of dried cooked meats is
2 to 3 weeks at room temperature.
Store them in the refrigerator or freezer
to maintain the best quality until ready
to use for backpacking or camping.
They will stay fresh and tasty for up to
6 months in the freezer.
When using your own recipe, be sure
to include at least 11⁄2 to 2 teaspoons
salt per pound of fresh fish. Salt slows
the growth of surface bacteria during
the initial stages of drying. Marinate
for at least 4 to 8 hours in the refrigerator so the fish will absorb the salt
and seasonings.
Drying Fish
Lean fish may be used for jerky. You can
also dry fat fish, but it will not keep at
room temperature more than a week.
Fish jerky should contain about 15%
moisture when it is completely dry. It
will be pliable and tough. If there is any
doubt about the dryness, store in the
refrigerator or freezer to avoid the risk
of spoilage.
Drying
Dry fish jerky strips at 130° to 140°F
(55° to 60°C) until they feel firm, dry,
and tough but don’t crumble. There
should be no moist spots.
Packaging and Storage
Follow guidelines for Packaging, page
11 and Storage, page 11. Store dried fish
jerky in the freezer if it is not to be
eaten within 2 to 3 weeks.
Cooked fish may also be dried,
although it has a different taste than
fish jerky. It still makes a nice snack.
Rehydrating cooked fish is not recommended because the resulting product
isn’t very good.
25
Drying
Herbs
resh herbs and spices have a stronger
aroma and flavor than dried herbs
and spices. They are prized by food
lovers and gourmet cooks.
Plants usually survive three or four
major harvests and depending on the
climate, may produce all year round.
Cold frames extend the growing season
and a sunny kitchen window frequently
will allow potted herbs to produce all
year round.
F
Dried herbs and spices are next-best.
They are used more often than fresh
because they are more readily available
and convenient to use. Although some
flavor is lost when they are dried, it
becomes more concentrated because so
much moisture is removed. Most herbs
contain from 70 to 85 percent water.
Eight ounces of fresh herbs will yield
about one ounce dried.
When plants have begun to flower, a
bitter taste develops and the leaves are
not as aromatic because the energy has
gone into producing buds.
The flowers of some herbs may be used
for seasoning. They should be harvested
when they first open and while still
very fresh. Seeds, such as caraway or
mustard, are harvested when they are
fully mature and have changed from
green to brown or gray.
Gathering Herbs
The flowers, seeds, leaves, and stems
of herbs can all be used for seasoning.
Leaves and stems should be gathered
early in the morning before the heat of
the sun dissipates the flavoring oils.
Preparation
Leaves and stems should be lightly
washed under cold running water to
remove any dust or insects. Remove any
dead or discolored portions.
Leaves should be harvested before the
plant begins to flower and while still
tender. Snip stems at the base, taking
care to leave sufficient foliage for the
plant to continue growing. The new
leaves at the tip of the plant have the
most concentrated flavor.
If flowers are to be used in teas, dry
them whole. Wash and separate petals,
and remove any tough or discolored
parts. When seed pods have dried, their
26
outer covering may be removed. Rub
the seeds between the palms of your
hands while blowing on them to
remove the husks. Place larger seeds on
a Clean-A-Screen® sheet. Place smaller
seeds loosely on a Fruit Roll sheet.
Dehydrate until there is no moisture
evident. If seeds are to be used for
planting, dry at room temperature
to maintain germination ability.
Using Dried
Herbs & Spices
Testing for Dryness
Some herbs, such as mint or basil, lose
their flavor more rapidly than others
when dried. It may take nearly an equal
volume of some dried herbs to replace
the amount of fresh called for in a
recipe.
Since dried herbs and spices are usually
3 to 4 times stronger than their fresh
counterparts, use conservatively. Their
taste should be subtle and not overpowering. The zest of dried herbs is
dependent upon the storage condition
and length of time stored. Sharpness of
flavor deteriorates with age.
Herbs are dry when they snap and
crumble easily. Stems should be brittle
& break when bent. Seeds should be
brittle & usually need additional
drying after they are removed from
the seed pods.
To be certain that herbs are sufficiently
dry, place in an airtight container for
several days. If condensation appears on
the inside of the container, they need
further drying.
Packaging
Dark colored jars with airtight lids are
ideal for storing herbs. They don’t allow
light in, which tends to fade and weaken herbs. You can use other containers
as long as they exclude air, light and
moisture. Air and light result in flavor
loss; moisture results in caking and
color loss or insect infestation.
Storage
As with other dried foods, dried herbs
and seeds should be stored in the
coolest place available, preferably below
60°F (15°C), to maintain the best flavor.
Do not crush or grind until ready to
use. Crushing exposes more surfaces
to the air, resulting in flavor loss. With
proper packaging and good storage
conditions, dried herbs and spices
should keep well for 6-12 months.
27
Herb Drying Guidelines
Most herbs may be dried in your NESCO® American Harvest® dehydrator right on
the plant stalk or stem. Seeds and leaves are easily stripped from the plant when
dry. Drying temperature should not exceed 90°-100°F (35°C). Do not dry herbs
with fruits and vegetables. Store in glass containers in a cool, dark place to reduce
flavor loss. Label clearly before storage because they are difficult to recognize when
dry. Do not powder leaves until you are ready to use.
Average
Food Part of Plant Preparation Drying Time Uses
Anise
Leaves
Rinse in cold water
1-3 hrs.
Soups, stews, sauces,
and vegetable and
fruit salads
Anise
Seeds
Rinse in hot water
2-5 hrs.
Cake, cookies,
sweet breads
Basil
Leaves
Clip leaves 3 to 4
inches from top of
plant just as first
buds appear
1-3 hrs.
Italian and
Mediterranean dishes,
tomato dishes, meat,
salads, soups, fish,
poultry and egg dishes
Caraway
Seeds
Clip entire plant.
Dip in boiling water
2-5 hrs.
Pork, sauerkraut, rye
bread, cheese,
vegetables and cookies
Chili
Peppers
Pods
Rinse and dice
5-12 hrs.
Powder for seasoning
Chives
Leaves
Chop, rinse in cold
water
2-3 hrs.
Mild onion flavor, use
in moist recipes
Cilantro
Leaves
Clip with stems.
Rinse in cold water
1-3 hrs.
Mexican, Chinese and
Mediterranean dishes
Coriander
Seeds
Clip entire plant.
Dip in boiling water
2-5 hrs.
Sausage, pickling,
spices, apple and
pear dishes
Cumin
Seeds
Rinse in cold water
2-5 hrs.
Curries and chili
dishes
Dill
Leaves
Rinse in cold water
1-3 hrs.
Salads, vegetables,
potatoes and fish
28
Herb Drying Guidelines
Average
Food Part of Plant Preparation Drying Time Uses
Fennel
Leaves
Rinse in cold water
1-3 hrs.
Salads, soups or stews
Fennel
Seeds
Rinse in cold water
2-5 hrs.
Cakes, cookies, breads
Garlic
Clove
Cut in half
lengthwise
6-12 hrs.
Salt, powder, recipes
Ginger
Root
Rinse, slice 3/8" or
grate
2-5 hrs.
Meat, vegetables,
cookies and dessert
dishes
Ginger
Leaves
Rinse in cold water
1-3 hrs.
Soups
Marjoram
Leaves
Rinse in cold water
1-3 hrs.
Italian, meat, fish, egg
and poultry dishes
Mint
Leaves
Rinse in cold water
1-3 hrs.
Sauces, mint jelly &
lamb dishes.
Mustard
Seeds
Rinse in cold water
2-5 hrs.
Corned beef,
sauerkraut, salad
dressings & cabbage
Oregano
Leaves
Rinse in cold water
1-3 hrs.
Italian, Greek,
Mexican
and tomato dishes
Parsley
Leaves and
stems
Rinse in cold water
1-3 hrs.
Powder, use leaves
for flakes
Leaves
Rinse in cold water
1-3 hrs.
Barbecue sauces,
poultry, meats, egg
dishes, lamb,
and vegetables
Leaves and
stems
Rinse in cold water
1-3 hrs.
Poultry, pork, lamb,
veal and fish dishes
Tarragon
Leaves
Rinse in cold water
1-3 hrs.
Sauces, salads, fish
and poultry
Thyme
Leaves
Rinse in cold water
1-3 hrs.
Meat, fish and poultry
dishes, green beans,
beets, carrots, and
potatoes
Rosemary
Sage
29
Drying
Crafts
ou've all seen a flower so perfect
in form, color, and texture that
you wish you could keep it
forever. With the Snackmaster® and
Gardenmaster® dehydrators, it now can
become a reality.
grasses, seedheads, foliage, and everlasting flowers.
Y
For flowers with petals, leaves, ferns,
fungi, and some varieties of mosses,
the best way to preserve them is to use
a desiccant powder. A desiccant is a
substance which absorbs moisture.
It speeds the drying process, especially
when used in a dehydrator, preserving
the vibrant colors and delicate structure
of the flower. The longer the drying
process, the more colors will fade.
Drying Flowers
Preserve garden and natural favorites
for attractive dried flower arrangements,
Christmas and holiday decorations,
party favors, place cards and corsages.
Help your children dry specimens for
their science class.
Using a desiccant in your dehydrator
will allow flowers to dry in a day
instead of a week or two. There are
several brands of flower desiccants
available from craft stores. They may
seem a little expensive, but can be
reused indefinitely. Silica gel is the
generic name and absorbs up to 50
percent of its own weight in moisture.
Many lovely flowers, foliage, flowering
grasses, seedheads, cones, and nonflowering plants may be dried simply
by placing on drying trays and drying
at 130° to 145°F (55° to 63°C) until no
moisture is evident. This is wonderful
for those of us who are too busy to
experiment with other techniques, and
also for the beginner who has not
attempted preserving flowers before.
Quite interesting arrangements can be
made with these dried materials.
Materials suitable for drying by this
method are bracts, cultivated and wild
30
Dried Apple Wreath
ed. Repeat process with the inside row,
until there are 2 rows of apples side by
side.
Supplies:
Mod Podge sealer (available in craft supply stores)
brush
1500 mgs. vitamin C
When apples are glued in place, seal
with Mod Podge on both sides of the
wreath, one side at a time. Add a ribbon
bow and any other decorative touches.
(dissolved in 1 gallon of water or lemon
or pineapple juice.)
8 or more apples (depending on the size of
wreath)
hot glue gun & glue sticks
styrofoam wreath
grapevines
straw
cardboard
ribbon
thin wire
baby's breath
cinnamon sticks
Dried Apple Roses
Supplies:
Pretreatment solution: sodium
bisulfite(1 tbl. in 1 gallon water)
red delicious apples
hot glue gun & glue sticks
16 gauge green floral wire
green floral tape
baby's breath
green, silk rose leaves
Mod Podge sealer
small brush
large square of styrofoam
scissors
dried apples (see instructions for apple wreath)
Slice apples into 1/8 inch uniform
slices. A meat slicer, apple slicer, or
potato slicer results in even slices
(do not core apples since the core forms
an attractive star shape when dried).
As you slice each apple, immediately
place slices in a solution of pineapple
or lemon juice and water (50/50 mix)
or vitamin C and water solution. Soak
apples 10 minutes, drain, and place
on trays to dry. Dry at 130°F to 140°F
(55°C to 60°C). They will take 4 to 8
hours to dry.
Slices must be flexible to make roses.
Use small slices to make the rose centers. Using your thumb and index finger, roll the slice into a tight cylinder.
Glue edge closed.
Cut apple slices in half for petals of the
rose. Place a thin line of glue along the
cut edge of the slice. Add this slice to
the rose center by pinching the glued
edge into place. Start close to the top of
the center piece working down with
next pieces. Pinch the petal to give it a
puckered effect. Keep adding petals,
slightly over-lapping them, until rose is
symmetrical.
Remove apples when they are leather
like with no pockets of moisture, but
before they become crisp.
Secure a hanging device on the back of
the styrofoam wreath form. Working a
small area at a time from the outside in,
squeeze a line of glue on the outside
edge, place an apple slice, keep repeating, over-lapping the slices slightly for a
more full look.
Continue around the outer half of the
wreath form, until the row is complet-
Trim excess apple from bottom of blossom. Place a small ball of hot glue on
the bottom of rose. Place a wire insert
into the bottom of the rose just far
31
enough to secure. Do not push the wire
through the top of the rose.
satiny smooth. It will take five to ten
minutes or more, depending on the
consistency of the dough and how
smooth you want your finished objects
to appear.
Trim wire to desired length. Push wire
into styrofoam to hold rose upright.
Using small brush, seal rose with Mod
Podge. When dry, add baby's breath and
silk leaves around the top of the rose.
Using floral tape, place a small drop of
glue on one edge. Starting at the base
of the rose, press the glued edge to the
baby's breath. Wrap the tape tightly
around the stem, slightly overlapping
it, working your way down the stem.
Dough that is insufficiently kneaded is
difficult to form and may fall apart
during drying and baking.
The dough dries out quickly so keep
unused dough in a plastic bag. For
smaller projects, mix only half a recipe.
Dough is best when used in about four
hours. It may be refrigerated, but
results from refrigerated dough are
unpredictable.
Half way down the stem, add more
baby's breath and wrap it against the
stem. Wrap to the end of the wire, twist
tightly and cut tape.
Other items needed to form ornaments:
• paper clips
• sharp knife
• aluminum foil
• cookie sheet
• rolling pin
• tooth picks
• cup of water
• garlic press
• cheese grater
• flour to keep dough from sticking
As a final touch, add fragrance to the
rose. Using a toothpick, lightly touch
the folds of the rose, a small drop at a
time. Don't put oil on the surface of the
rose. Cinnamon oil is nice. Do not use
candy oil as it discolors the apple.
Dough Ornaments
This basic recipe is also called “Baker’s
Clay.” Once mixed, it has a satiny
texture, a delicious aroma and begs to
be touched and shaped. Do not be
surprised if everyone in the family gets
involved in making ornaments!
4 cups flour
1 cup salt
1-1/2 cups water
Items needed to decorate and seal
ornaments:
• acrylic paints
• paint brushes
Creating ornaments
Shape objects directly on pieces of aluminum foil. All dough parts must be
joined with water which acts as a glue.
If parts are not joined properly, the
dough may separate during baking and
split when cooled. Use water sparingly.
To attach thin pieces of dough, adhere
them firmly by pushing a toothpick or
paper clip through them in addition to
moistening them with water.
Use a dough mixer or hand mix flour
with salt in large mixer bowl. Add water
until dough is a good consistency for
kneading. If it is too dry, it will crack.
If it's too wet, it will be sticky.
Knead the dough by pressing and turning it with your hands until it becomes
32
Large ornaments should be strengthened with wire. Dough has no strength
and requires support for larger ornaments. If the dough connects in small
pieces (head and neck, arms or legs),
insert toothpicks or wires between parts
to keep the portions from separating
over time.
Liquid shoe polish or leather dye can
also be brushed on lightly during the
first 15 minutes of baking.
Baking and Drying Dough
Dough should be baked for 2 hours
at 300°F (150°C) in your oven. Then
transfer to your dehydrator. Dry at the
highest temperature setting for an additional 4 to 12 hours until completely
dry (until you become more experienced with drying dough-art in your
NESCO® American Harvest® dehydrator, it is wise to place a piece of dough,
the same size as the largest /thickest
piece of your ornament, to use as a test
piece. To test for dryness, break apart
the test piece. It is done when it is completely dry inside).
Make impressions on dough with a
variety of instruments. Impressions
hold up best with a stiffer dough. All
kinds of instruments can be used to
make impressions to give texture and
design to ornaments.
Push dough through a garlic press or
grater to make hair and other decorative
effects. Cake decorating tubes with large
nozzles can be used for making designs.
Add extra water to soften dough to a
good consistency.
Remove ornaments when totally dry
and cool prior to applying paint.
Painting dough
Acrylic paints are the most popular and
easily applied. They are available in jars,
spray cans, and tubes. They mix easily
and dry quickly. If you are adding
different colored layers over one
another, use a coat of sealer between
them to prevent them from running
or smearing.
Add a hanging device to the top or back
of an ornament, before baking and drying, if it is to be hung.
Use Christmas ornament hooks, bent
wire, circles from pop-top drink cans,
or paper clips. Push hanging device into
dough at top center, close to the back
of the piece.
When painting is complete, dry in your
dehydrator at the highest temperature
setting for 1 to 2 hours until thoroughly
dry.
Remember, the final dough shape is
the shape which will be baked. If there
are loose pieces or undesirable marks
in the dough, they will exist in the
finished product.
Sealing
It is extremely important to seal salt
dough ornaments to prevent moisture
from reentering and causing mold and
disintegration.
Precoloring dough
Before baking, raw dough can be
precolored by adding drops of paste
food coloring, watercolors, inks, and
fabric dyes. Powdered colors should be
mixed with the flour and salt before
adding water.
There is a wide variety of final coatings
which can be used, but they should be
33
transparent and non penetrating so
that the surface of your dough-art is
strengthened with a hard protective
coating. The best choice is a polyurethane varnish.
The shoe polish or acrylic paint add
whiteness to the dough. Glycerin
softens the dough to prevent it from
cracking and bubbling.
Remove crusts from bread and tear into
small pieces. Mix all ingredients together and knead until mixture no longer
sticks to your fingers and has a smooth
texture. Kneading usually takes about
10 to 15 minutes. A few drops of glycerin on your fingers keeps the dough
from sticking as you knead it.
Be sure to remove your ornaments from
your dehydrator and place in a well
ventilated area (preferably out-of-doors)
before applying varnish. Carefully place
objects (on aluminum foil making sure
that no foil covers the center hole or
outer ring vents) in dehydrator to dry.
CAUTION: Make sure your dehydrator
is placed in a room with adequate ventilation or an open window.
Keep in a plastic bag while not working
with the dough to prevent it from drying out. Remove small bits of the dough
at a time, leaving remainder of dough in
the plastic bag. If the dough tends to
dry out, add a little more glue and
reknead.
Place your ornaments in your dehydrator. Set at the highest temperature
setting to speed drying. Most varnishes
will dry in an hour or so in your
dehydrator.
Roll thin layers of dough between layers
of waxed paper. This dough is easier to
handle than salt dough and can be used
for more intricate objects.
Repeat the varnishing process until a
minimum of 4 complete coats (both
sides of object) have been applied,
allowing ornament to dry thoroughly
between coats. Again, it is handy to use
your dehydrator for this process to
speed the drying time.
Dough can be colored by using liquid
or paste food colors, watercolors, or liquid temperas. Do not mix in acrylics
because they dry too fast. Acrylics can
be used to paint the dried objects.
Pieces of the dough can be colored
differently, simply by kneading in the
color to each different piece of dough.
Knead until dough is evenly colored
throughout.
Bread and Glue
Ornaments
This recipe is a no-bake mixture that is
particularly adaptable to making small
delicate forms.
It is made with slices of white bread and
glue, resulting in a pliable mixture that
can be rolled very thin and formed into
fragile ornaments.
3 slices white bread
3 tbl. white glue
1 tsp. white shoe polish or acrylic
paint
1 tsp. glycerin (available at the drugstore)
Shape dough on pieces of aluminum
foil and follow directions for shaping
salt dough.
Dry shaped dough in the dehydrator at
the highest temperature setting. This
recipe does not need to be baked in the
oven. If air dried, objects may take from
34
12 to 24 hours. In the dehydrator, they
are usually dry in 6 to 12 hours.
When you have the right blend of color
and fragrance, add fixative, spices, and
oil. Age in a tightly sealed jar for 2 - 6
weeks, shaking occasionally to blend
fragrances.
Paint and seal as directed in the salt
dough recipe.
Package in smaller decorative containers or bags for gifts or personal use.
Potpourri
Home dried potpourri and sachets are
fun and easy to do in your dehydrator.
Take advantage of your flower garden in
the summer by dehydrating petals, for
potpourri, to use the rest of the year.
Combine petals with store-bought
spices, fixatives, and essential oils to
make inexpensive, elegant gifts.
Sweet & Spice Potpourri
For a perfect holiday gift, place one cup
of this recipe in a lace bag tied with a
colorful ribbon.
1cup dried rose petals
1
⁄4 cup dried lavender blossoms
1
⁄8 cup dried rosemary
1
⁄8 cup dried chamomile
1
⁄2 cup dried grated orange peel
1 tsp. powdered orrisroot
2 tsp. orange-spice tea
1 tbl. coriander seed
1 tbl. whole cloves
1 stick cinnamon, crumbled
1
⁄3 tsp. ground cloves
1
⁄4 tsp. ground nutmeg
2 drops rose oil
1 drop orange oil
1 drop lavender oil
1
⁄2 cup dried bachelor’s button
petals (for color)
Pick flowers when they are about threequarters open – when they are fully
open, they lose fragrance. Gather about
twice the amount you believe you’ll
need, since they shrink as they dry.
Remove petals from flower heads and
pull herb leaves from their stems.
Spread in a single layer on a Clean-AScreen® accessory and place in your
dehydrator.
Set temperature at 90°- 100°F (35°C).
Dry until brittle-dry, which may take
from 2 to 12 hours, depending upon the
plants, the amount, and the model of
dehydrator you are using.
In a large bowl, combine rose petals,
lavender, rosemary, chamomile, and
orange peel. Add orrisroot, tea, and
spices. Add oils, sprinkling lightly over
mixture. Mix in bachelor’s button
petals. Makes about 2 cups potpourri.
There are numerous ingredients that
produce wonderful smelling potpourri!
Experiment with plants that you have
available or purchase plants from an
herbalist, drug-store, or supermarket.
Store different flowers and herbs separately in covered jars until you’re ready
to mix. Keep in a cool place, out of
direct sunlight.
Experiment with different combinations, mixing small quantities and
recording the results until you come up
with a blend that you like.
To blend ingredients, measure and stir
dried materials into a large bowl.
35
Breakfast
Recipies
Banana Bread
Chunks of dried banana gives this old favorite a new twist.
3
⁄4 cup margarine or butter
1-1⁄2 cups sugar
2 eggs
1 teaspoon vanilla
1-1⁄2 cups mashed ripe banana
(4 to 6 bananas)
1
⁄2 cup buttermilk
2 cups flour
1 teaspoon soda
1
⁄2 teaspoon salt
1
⁄2 cup chopped dried banana
1
⁄2 cup chopped dates
1
⁄2 cup chopped pecans
2 tablespoons raw sugar (plain
sugar may be substituted)
Preheat oven to 350°F (175°C). Generously grease and flour 3 small (3" x 5") loaf
pans or two medium (3-1⁄2" x 7-1⁄2") loaf pans. Cut waxed or parchment paper to fit
bottoms and line pans. In a large bowl, cream margarine or butter with sugar. Add eggs
and vanilla. Mash banana in separate bowl with a fork. Add to margarine/egg mixture.
In a separate bowl, combine flour, soda, and salt. Stir until well mixed. Add flour to
creamed mixture alternately with 1⁄2 cup buttermilk, blending just until combined.
Fold in dried banana chunks, pecans, and dates. Pour into prepared pans. Sprinkle raw
sugar over tops of loaves. Bake in preheated oven for 45 minutes, until a wooden pick
inserted in center comes out clean. Cool 10 minutes in pan. Remove from pan and cool
on a cooling rack.
Makes 3 small or 2 medium loaves.Variation: Add dried pineapple instead of dates.
36
Waffles
Glamorize Sunday morning waffles with bits of dried apple,
pineapple, or apricots.
2 eggs, separated
2-1⁄2 cups buttermilk
1
⁄2 cup vegetable oil
l 1⁄2 cups all-purpose flour
1 1⁄2 cup corn meal
2 teaspoons baking powder
2 teaspoons baking soda
1 teaspoon salt
1
⁄2 cup finely chopped dried apple,
pineapple or apricots
Preheat waffle iron. Separate eggs. In small bowl, beat egg white until stiff. Set aside.
In medium bowl, beat egg yolks, buttermilk, and vegetable oil until blended.
In large bowl, sift together dry ingredients: all-purpose flour, corn meal, baking powder, baking soda, and salt. Add finely chopped dried fruit and stir. Add liquid ingredients to dry ingredients, stir only until dry ingredients are moist. Pour onto hot waffle
iron and bake until indicator light goes off.
Serve hot with syrup, jam, or yogurt. Makes 6 nine inch waffles.
Awesome Bran Muffins
Make these for breakfast, and pop the extra in your children’s lunch box!
2-1⁄2 cups all-purpose flour
2-1⁄2 teaspoons baking soda
2 teaspoon salt
1 cup chopped dried apple,
dates, raisins, pineapple
1
⁄2 cup chopped walnuts or pecans
1
⁄4 cup coarse sugar
1 cup bran
1 cup boiling water
1
⁄2 cup margarine
2 cups buttermilk
2 eggs, beaten
1 cup granulated sugar
1
⁄2 cup brown sugar, firmly packed
2 cups bran
Preheat oven to 400°F (205°C). Fill 24 muffin pans with muffin liners. Spray muffin
liners with vegetable spray. In large bowl, pour boiling water over 1 cup bran and let
stand. Add 1⁄2 cup margarine to bran/boiling water mixture. Stir in buttermilk, eggs,
sugars and additional bran. In large bowl, sift together dry ingredients: all-purpose
flour, baking soda, and salt. Add chopped dried fruit and stir.
Combine with wet ingredients and stir only until dry ingredients are moist. Mixture
should be lumpy. Spoon into prepared muffin cups. Sprinkle coarse sugar on tops.
Bake at 400°F (205°C) for 20 to 25 minutes. Remove from pan and place on rack to
cool. Makes 24 of the best bran muffins you’ve ever tasted!
Variation: Substitute 1 cup oat bran for wheat bran for an oat taste.
37
Desserts
Cookies
Candies
Fruit Hors d’oeuvres
Serve these at your next party.
1
24 pieces dried fruit, cut in half
⁄8 teaspoon paprika
⁄3 cup shredded
Monterey Jack cheese
1
⁄3 cup shredded sharp
Cheddar cheese
1
(apricots, peaches, pears, or prunes)
3 ounces cream cheese, softened
3 tablespoons sour cream or plain
yogurt
1
⁄4 cup chopped slivered almonds
Dried fruits should be pliable. If too hard, allow to stand in boiling water 5 minutes to
soften. Drain. In small bowl, beat cream cheese until fluffy. Stir in sour cream, paprika, Monterey Jack and Cheddar cheese and chopped almonds. Spoon 1 teaspoon filling
into pit cavity of each piece of dried fruit.
Garnish with parsley. Makes 24 appetizers.
38
Dried Apple Pastry Squares
This is an elegant dessert or tasty breakfast pastry.
2
5 to 6 cups dried apples
2 cups boiling water
2-1⁄2 cups cake or pastry flour
1 teaspoon salt
1 cup plus 2 tablespoons margarine
or butter
1 egg yolk + almost 2⁄3 cup milk
1 cup crushed bran flakes
⁄3 cup sugar
⁄2 teaspoon ground ginger
1
⁄2 teaspoon cinnamon
1 egg white, stiffly beaten
1 cup sifted powdered sugar
1
⁄2 teaspoon vanilla
1
Preheat oven to 400°F (205°C). Place dehydrated apples in large bowl. Cover with
2 cups boiling water. Let stand until pastry is finished. In large bowl, stir flour and salt
together. Cut in butter with pastry blender until crumbly. Beat egg yolk lightly with
fork in measuring cup. Add enough milk to egg yolk to make 2⁄3 cup. Stir milk into
flour mixture. Mix with fork to blend, stirring until mixture holds together and clings
to side of bowl. Divide dough into two parts. On heavily floured surface, roll half of
dough to line a 10" x 15" jelly roll pan. As you are rolling dough, roll it up on the pin
and sprinkle flour underneath to keep dough from sticking. Roll dough onto pin.
Unroll dough onto pan, pressing lightly to form bottom crust. Sprinkle bottom with
Grape Nuts Flakes®.In large bowl, combine drained rehydrated apples, sugar, ginger,
and cinnamon. Stir to mix. Spread apple mixture over bottom crust. Roll out remaining
half of dough and place on top. Pinch edges of dough together to seal. Crimp edges.
Beat egg white until stiff. Brush over top crust. Bake 50 to 60 minutes or until golden
brown. Combine powdered sugar, vanilla, and water to make a smooth frosting.
Let pastry cool slightly, then frost while crust is still warm.
Cut into squares. Makes 15 three inch squares.
Fruit Carmel Corn
A new twist on an old favorite…
1 cup butter or margarine
2 cups brown sugar
1
⁄2 cup light corn syrup
6 cups popped popcorn
2 cups finely chopped dried fruit
1 teaspoon salt
1
⁄2 teaspoon baking soda
1 teaspoon vanilla
(pineapple, apples, raisins, prunes, etc.)
Melt butter or margarine in large heavy-bottom pot. Stir in brown sugar, syrup, and
salt. Bring to a boil, stirring constantly. Boil for 5 minutes without stirring. Remove
from heat and stir in soda and vanilla. It foams. Pour over popped corn and mix well.
Pour into a shallow 11" x 14" baking pan. Bake in a 250°F (129°C) degree oven
for 1 hour, stirring every 20 minutes. During last 5 minutes, stir in finely chopped
dried fruit. Remove from oven, cool, and break apart.
Makes 7 cups caramel corn.
39
Apricot Cream Cheese Coffee Cake
Strawberry preserves and dried strawberries
can be substituted for the apricots. Or try pineapple or apple.
2-1⁄4 cups all-purpose flour
3
⁄4 cup brown sugar, packed
3
⁄4 cup butter
1
⁄2 teaspoon baking powder
1
⁄2 teaspoon baking soda
1
⁄4 teaspoon salt
3
⁄4 cup sour cream
1 egg
1 teaspoon almond extract
8 ounces cream cheese
1
⁄4 cup sugar
1 egg
1
⁄2 cup apricot preserves
1 cup chopped dried apricots
1
⁄2 cup slivered almonds
Preheat oven to 350°F (175°C). Grease and flour a 10 inch spring form pan. In a
large bowl, combine flour and 3⁄4 cup sugar. Using a pastry blender, cut in butter until
mixture resembles coarse crumbs. Reserve 1 cup crumb mixture. To remaining crumb
mixture, add baking powder, baking soda, salt, sour cream, 1 egg, and almond extract.
Blend well. Spread batter over bottom and 2 inches up sides of pan. In small bowl,
combine cream cheese, 1⁄4 cup sugar, and 1 egg. Pour over batter in pan. Carefully
spoon preserves and finely chopped dried apricots over cream cheese filling. In small
bowl, combine 1 cup reserved crumb mixture and sliced almonds. Sprinkle over top.
Bake at 350°F(175°C) for 45 to 50 minutes or until cream cheese filling is set and
crust is deep golden brown.
Cool 15 minutes. Remove sides of pan. Serve in wedges warm or cool.
Refrigerate leftovers.
Makes 16 pieces.
Classic Oatmeal Cookies
These keep well in an airtight container for a couple of weeks.
1 cup butter or margarine
1 cup brown sugar
1
⁄2 cup granulated sugar
2 eggs
1-1⁄2 teaspoons vanilla
2 cups all-purpose flour
1 teaspoon baking powder
1 teaspoon baking soda
⁄2 teaspoon salt
1-1⁄2 cups chopped dried apricots,
peaches, pears, pineapple,
cherries, or other dried fruit
2-1⁄2 cups old fashioned oats
1
Preheat oven to 350°F (175°C). In large bowl, cream butter or margarine, brown
sugar, and white sugar until fluffy. Add 2 eggs, and 1-1⁄2 teaspoon vanilla and mix well.
In large bowl, sift together dry ingredients: all-purpose flour, baking powder, baking
soda, and salt. Add chopped dried fruit and stir. In dry blender, blend oats until fine.
Add to above dry mixture. Combine dry ingredients with creamed ingredients and mix
until blended. Shape dough into 1-1⁄4 inch balls. Flatten on cookie sheet. Bake 7 to 8
minutes or until barely golden brown. Remove and cool on rack.
Makes 3 dozen cookies.
40
Crispy Pinwheels
Dates, apricots, and other dried fruits can be used to fill these delicious cookies.
Dried Fruit Filling (see below)*
1
⁄2 cup butter or margarine
1
⁄2 cup brown sugar, packed
1
⁄2 cup granulated sugar
1 egg
1 teaspoon vanilla extract
2 cups all-purpose flour
1
⁄4 teaspoon baking soda
1
⁄4 teaspoon salt
Prepare dried fruit filling. In a medium bowl, cream butter or margarine with
brown sugar and granulated sugar. Add egg and vanilla. Beat well. In a large bowl, combine flour, baking soda and salt. Add to creamed mixture and mix well. Cut dough in
half. Generously flour a large sheet of waxed paper. Roll out each half of dough on
floured waxed paper to a 12"x9" rectangle. Spread with cooled filling. Starting with
longer edge, roll up tightly to make a 12 inch long roll. Wrap roll in waxed paper.
Refrigerate 4 hours. Preheat oven to 375°F (190°C). Grease cookie sheets. Cut chilled
roll into 1⁄4 inch slices. Bake in preheated oven 6 to 8 minutes until edges are golden.
Remove and cool on cooling rack.
Makes about 80 cookies.
Dried Fruit Filling
Try this in cookies and pastries.
1-1⁄2 cups finely chopped dried figs,
dates and raisins, pineapple,
apricots, or prunes
1 teaspoon lemon juice
1
⁄2 teaspoon grated lemon peel
⁄2 cup water
1
⁄3 cup chopped nuts,
1
⁄2 cup sugar (if desired)
1
In a medium saucepan, combine dried fruit, water, and sugar. Cook over low heat until
thickened, 20 to 25 minutes, stirring frequently. When thickened, add lemon juice,
lemon peel and nuts, if desired. Cool.
Makes 1-3/4 cups filling.
Note: For extra zest, substitute orange or pineapple juice for the water when making apricot
or pineapple filling
Strawberry Yogurt Ice-Cream
Double or triple this recipe and freeze in your ice cream maker.
2 tablespoons sugar
1 cup plain or flavored yogurt
1
⁄2 cup dried strawberries*
Mix together strawberries and sugar. Add to yogurt. Freeze yogurt in a container until
it thickens. Remove from freezer and stir. Return to freezer until solid.
Makes two servings.
*Almost any dried fruit or combination can be used.
41
Condiments
Dressing
Stuffing
Sauces & Salads
Soups & Snacks
Dried Tomatoes in Olive Oil
These tomatoes taste better than the expensive
"sun dried" ones at the supermarket .
1 cup extra light olive oil
1 lb. dried tomato slices
White wine vinegar
Dip dried tomato slices in vinegar. Shake off excess. Pack in a jar and cover with olive
oil. Store at a cool temperature 1 month before use. Refrigerate for up to 6 months.
The oil solidifies at refrigerator temperatures, but quickly liquifies at room temperature.
Makes 1 pint.
CAUTION: Do not add fresh garlic or fresh herbs to oil packed tomatoes. The US
Department of Agriculture cautions against this because garlic and herbs are low-acid foods
which create a low-acid, anaerobic environment when placed in oil. This could result in the
perfect breeding ground for botulism.
Dried Tomato Spaghetti Sauce
Use this on your favorite pasta dish.
1
1 cup chopped onion
1 cup chopped celery
1 cup diced carrot
3 cloves garlic, minced
2 (28 ounce) cans whole tomatoes
1 pint Dried Tomatoes In Olive Oil
⁄3 cup dry white wine
⁄2 teaspoon salt
1
⁄2 teaspoon pepper
8 (dry) ounces spaghetti, cooked
1
In heavy pan, sauté onion, celery, carrot, and garlic in 1 tablespoon olive oil from
dried tomatoes. Stir in whole tomatoes, dried tomatoes in olive oil, white wine, salt,
and pepper. Cook, uncovered, over low to medium heat 1 hour or to desired consistency, stirring occasionally. Serve over cooked and drained spaghetti or linguini.
Makes 4 servings.
42
Tomato Paste Supreme
Store in freezer to maintain the best flavor.
1
4 quarts ripe tomatoes
1 teaspoon oregano
1
⁄2 cup chopped carrots
1
⁄4 teaspoon garlic powder
⁄3 cup chopped onions
⁄3 cup chopped celery
2 tablespoons basil leaves
1 teaspoon salt
1
Cook all ingredients over low heat until vegetables are tender. Strain through a sieve,
and simmer the puree until thick. Spread on Fruit Roll sheets or spread on trays lined
with plastic wrap (be sure not to cover the center hole or the side vent hole on the
outer edge of the dehydrator trays). Dry at 115°F(38°C) for 10-12 hours or until
moisture has been removed. Roll up like scrolls in fresh plastic wrap and store in
airtight containers for rehydrating later as tomato paste.
Herb Stuffing
Great in turkey or chicken.
1
2 tablespoons dried parsley
1
⁄2 teaspoon dried sage
2 teaspoons dried chervil
2 1 1⁄2 lb. loaves bread, cubed
1 teaspoon dried marjoram
⁄2 cup butter
1 teaspoon dried savory
1
⁄4 cup each dried onion, celery
1
⁄2 teaspoon dried thyme
Mix all ingredients, plus juice from roasting pan or other liquid, to moisten. Bake
covered for 1 hour in 325° oven.
Makes about 2 quarts.
Salad Crunchies
Zesty for any salad!
Dehydrate the following vegetables:
1
⁄ 2 cup onions
1
⁄ 2 cup carrots
1
⁄ 2 cup tomatoes
1
⁄ 2 cup peppers
After they are dry and crisp,
chop them into pieces in the blender
and add the following:
1
⁄ 2 cup bacon bits
1
⁄4 cup roasted sunflower seeds
1
⁄4 cup soy nuts
Mix thoroughly and sprinkle on salads. Add salad dressing and toss. Keep unused
portion in the refrigerator in an airtight container to preserve crunchiness.
Use 1 teaspoon per serving.
43
Homemade Chili Powder
Add to your favorite Mexican recipe or use in ground meat for tacos.
3 ounces dried chilies (mild peppers
1 teaspoon onion powder
1 teaspoon ground oregano
1
⁄2 teaspoon ground cloves
1 teaspoon ground coriander
such as Anaheim, or a combination of
mild and hot peppers)*
1 tablespoon ground cumin
2 teaspoons salt
1 teaspoon ground allspice
1 teaspoon garlic powder
Remove and discard stems and seeds. Whirl pods in a blender until finely ground.
Allow powder to settle. Add remaining ingredients and whirl briefly.
Store in an airtight container.
*Dry peppers according to Drying Guidelines in the vegetable section. Peppers dried in
a dehydrator retain their original color and flavor. They may either be dried whole or in
halves, skin side down. Hotness and flavor will vary with the chilies used. Removing
the seeds will decrease the hotness. Make sure that peppers are completely dry and
stored in airtight containers.
Makes 1/2 cup.
Savory Rice Salad
This main dish salad is perfect for lunch or a light supper.
Serve with a whole wheat roll and fresh fruit.
1
3 cups cold cooked brown rice
(can use white)
3 cups diced cooked, turkey,
chicken or cooked small shrimp
1 cup celery, finely chopped
1
⁄2 cup onion, finely chopped
1 cup green pepper, finely chopped
⁄4 cup dried tomato flakes
1 can water chestnuts, drained
and sliced
Tangy Dressing (see below)
1
⁄2 cup slivered almonds, chopped
(1⁄2 cup dried & rehydrated)
In a large bowl, gently mix together rice, turkey, celery, onion, green pepper, tomato
flakes, sliced water chestnuts, and tangy dressing. Add salt and pepper to taste, cover
and chill for 3 to 4 hours. Toast almonds in a 300°F (150°C) oven, stirring occasionally,
until golden, about 10 minutes. Sprinkle on top of salad before serving.
Makes about 6 servings.
44
Tangy Dressing
3
⁄4 cup mayonnaise
⁄4 cup lemon juice
1 tablespoon prepared mustard
1
⁄2 teaspoon dried garlic powder
1 teaspoon lemon rind (grated
fresh) or 1⁄2-1 teaspoon dried
1 tablespoon prepared horseradish
2 tablespoons dried parsley
1
(or 1⁄4 cup chopped fresh)
1
⁄2 cup sliced green onions
1 jar pimientos (2 ounce)
Blend mayonnaise, lemon juice, mustard, dried garlic powder, lemon rind, horseradish,
and parsley in a blender. Remove and stir in sliced green onions and pimientos.
Vegetable Soup
This soup cooks in your thermos and is ready to eat by lunch time.
1
1
⁄3 cup dried vegetable flakes
⁄4 teaspoon dried sweet basil
pinch garlic powder
pinch onion powder
salt and pepper to taste
2 cups boiling hot chicken or
beef broth
(any combination of tomatoes, peas,
onions, broccoli, zucchini, celery, carrots)
1 tablespoon bulgur wheat
1 tablespoon small pasta
(spaghetti, linguini, etc.), broken
1
⁄4 teaspoon dried parsley
Place the dried vegetables in a dry blender and whirl until the size of flakes are the size
of small peas. Measure 1⁄3 cup. Save remaining vegetables for another day. Place 1⁄3 cup
flaked vegetables in a pint thermos. Add parsley, basil, garlic powder, onion powder,
salt and pepper. Add bulgur wheat and pasta to thermos. Bring broth to a rolling boil
and pour over dry ingredients. Quickly cover thermos and close securely.
Yield: 2 cups.
Cheesy Corn Chips
Great for after school munchies.
1
1 cup whole kernel or creamed corn
1 cup sharp cheddar cheese, grated
⁄8 teaspoon cayenne pepper
⁄8 teaspoon chili powder
Salt to taste
1
(the ready grated cheese is not as satisfactory)
1
⁄2 cup red or green peppers, diced
1 tablespoon onion, chopped
In a blender or food processor, blend together all ingredients at high speed.
Spread mixture thinly onto Fruit Roll sheets. Dry at 130°F (55°C) for approximately 10
hours or until dry on one side. Lift entire corn ring off of the Fruit Roll sheet, turn
over and dry for two hours longer or until crisp. Break into pieces.
45
Harvest Granola
Most often served as a breakfast food, it can also be a snack or an
ingredient in desserts, cookies, or main dishes.
5 cups rolled oats
3
⁄4 cup brown sugar firmly packed
1
⁄2 cup wheat germ
1
⁄2 cup dried apple, chopped
1
⁄2 cup of honey
1
⁄2 cup sesame seeds
1 cup raisins
1
⁄2 cup date crystals
1 cup pecans or almonds chopped
1
⁄3 cup salad oil
1 teaspoon vanilla
3
⁄4 cup margarine, melted
1 teaspoon cinnamon
Mix together very well so that all ingredients are distributed evenly. Adding dry
ingredients to wet ingredients makes a crunchier granola. Spread onto a Fruit Roll
sheet.
Dry at 145° until crunchy. Crumble and store in an airtight container.
Energy Bars
These nutritious bars are great high energy snacks.
Grind together:
1
⁄3 cup carob chips
1 cup slivered almonds
4 cups dried fruit (pliable)
Mix in:
3
⁄4 cup unsweetened pineapple juice
1
⁄2 teaspoon almond extract
1
⁄2 cup honey wheat germ
1 cup carob chips
(apple, raisin, date, pear, peach,
apricot, pineapple)
Mix all ingredients thoroughly. More juice may be needed to allow mixture to stick
together. Put onto Fruit Roll sheet. Dry at 140°F (60°C) for approximately 14 hours.
Cut into small squares and place on unlined tray to finish drying. May be coated with
melted chocolate, yogurt coating, or carob to make candy bars.
Makes 24 squares.
Energy Nibbles
Seal in a small plastic bag to carry along on hikes.
1
6 cups ready-to-eat cereal flakes
1 cup raisins or chopped nuts
1 cup brown sugar
⁄2 cup margarine, melted
1 cup dry roasted nuts
1 6oz. pkg. butterscotch chips
Mix all ingredients together with hands until completely mixed. Spread onto Fruit Roll
sheet. Dry until crisp at 140°F (60°C).
46
Look for these exclusive accessories wherever
NESCO® American Harvest® Food Dehydrators are sold.
Add-A-Trays®
NESCO® American Harvest®
Add-A-Trays® allow you to expand your
dehydrator to meet your needs.
LT-2W (Set of 2): For use on FD-40,
FD-50, FD-50T and FD-60. FD-40 is
expandable to 8 trays. Other models are
expandable to 12 trays.
TR-2 (Set of 2): For use on FD-1000 and
FD-1010. Expandable to 30 trays.
Clean-A-Screens®
NESCO® American Harvest® Clean-AScreens® are ideal for drying spices and
herbs. Flexes for easy removal of sticky
fruits such as pineapple.
LM-2-6 (Set of 2): For use on FD-40, FD50, FD-50T and FD-60.
MS-2-6 (Set of 2): For use on FD-1000
and FD-1010.
Fruit Roll Sheets
NESCO® American Harvest® Fruit Roll
Sheets feature an exclusive “no spill” lip
that allows you to dry liquids and semiliquids. Ideal for making fruit rolls.
LSS-2-6 (Set of 2): For use on FD-40,
FD-50, FD-50T and FD-60.
SLD-2-6 (Set of 2): For use on FD-1000
and FD-1010.
47
Accessories (continued)
Jerky Making Kits
NESCO® American Harvest® Jerky Kits
are the fast and easy way to make delicious jerky at a fraction of the cost of
store bought jerky. Jerky gun with three
attachments included with each kit.
BJW-1: Jerky Works™ Kit (Includes 5
spice packs)
BJW-10: Beef Jerky Factory™ Plus
(Includes 10 spice packs)
Jerky Spices
NESCO® American Harvest® Jerky Spice
is an easy way to make delicious jerky.
Available in three packs:
BJ-2: 2 Pack Original Spice
BJ-6: 6 Pack Original Spice
BJV-6: 6 Pack Variety Spice
(Original, Cajun, Pepperoni)
How to Dry Foods
by Deanna DeLong
Deanna Delong’s How to Dry Foods is
one of the most comprehensive books on
drying foods on the market today. Book
is 160 pages and includes 174 photos.
HP-9: How to Dry Foods
If you are unable to locate NESCO® American Harvest® accessories,
please contact our Customer Satisfaction Department at 1-800-288-4545.
48
Index
Accessories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .47-48
Breakfast Recipes
Awesome Bran Muffins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37
Banana Bread . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36
Waffles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37
Cookies
Classic Oatmeal Cookies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40
Crispy Pinwheels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41
Dried Fruit Filling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Condiments, Dressing, Stuffing, Sauces, Salads, Soups & Snacks
All Purpose Tomato Sauce . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20
Cheesy Corn Chips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .45
Dried Tomatoes in Olive Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Dried Tomato Spaghetti Sauce . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .42
Energy Bars . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .46
Energy Nibbles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .46
Fruit Caramel Corn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39
Fruit Rolls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-16
Harvest Granola . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .46
Herb Stuffing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Homemade Chili Powder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .44
Salad Crunchies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .43
Savory Rice Salad . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .44
Tangy Dressing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .45
Tomato Paste . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20
Tomato Paste Supreme . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .43
Tomato Soup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20
Vegetable Soup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .45
Cooking Dried Food . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
Crafts
Bread and Glue Ornaments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34-35
Dough Ornaments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32-34
Dried Apple Roses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31
Dried Apple Wreath . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31
Drying Flowers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30
Potpourri . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35
Sweet & Spice Potpourri . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35
Desserts
Apricot Cream Cheese Coffee Cake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Dried Apple Pastry Squares . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39
Dried Fruit Filling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41
Fruit Hors d'oeuvres . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38
Strawberry Yogurt Ice-Cream . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41
Drying Temperatures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10
Drying Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10
49
Index (continued)
Fruits
Conditioning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15
Fruit Drying Guidelines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17-18
Fruit Rolls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15-16
Garnishes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
Hints & Suggestions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15
Preparation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13
Pre-Treatment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
Selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13
General Drying Guidelines
Herbs
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9
Herb Drying Guidelines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28-29
Gathering Herbs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26
Packaging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27
Preparation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26
Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27
Testing for Dryness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27
Using Dried Herbs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27
Jerky
Meat Jerky . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23-25
Beef Jerky Marinade . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24
Cooked Meats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25
Drying Meat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Preparation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23-24
Selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23
Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24
Fish Jerky
Drying Fish . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25
Selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25
Preparation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25
Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25
Labeling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11
Loading Trays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9
Packaging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11
Record Keeping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
Rehydrating Dried Foods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
Selecting Foods to Dry
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9
50
Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11
Testing for Dryness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10
Vegetables
Blanching . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19
Drying . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20
Hints & Suggestions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20
Preparation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19
Selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19
Tomato Juice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20
Vegetable Drying Guidelines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21-22
ONE YEAR LIMITED WARRANTY
This appliance is warranted for one year from date of original purchase
against defects in material and workmanship. This warranty does not
cover transportation damage, misuse, accident or similar incident. This
warranty gives you specific legal rights and you may have other rights
which vary from state to state.
Your new food dehydrator comes equipped with numerous safety
features. Any attempt to interfere with the operation of these safety
features makes this warranty null and void. In the event we receive a
dehydrator for service that has been tampered with, we reserve the right
to restore it to its original state and charge for the repair.
Defective products may be returned, postage prepaid, with a description
of the defect to: The Metal Ware Corporation, 1700 Monroe Street, Two
Rivers, Wisconsin 54241, for no-charge repair or replacement at our
option.
Service and genuine NESCO® American Harvest® replacement parts
may be obtained from the NESCO® FACTORY SERVICE DEPARTMENT.
For service in warranty, follow instructions set forth in warranty. When
ordering new parts, make sure that you always mention the model number of the product, which is found on the bottom of the base power unit
on the FD-40, FD-50, FD-50T, FD-1000 and FD-1010, and bottom of
the top-mounted power unit on the FD-60.
51
About Your Warranty and Service Satisfaction
One simple step sets you on the road to complete customer satisfaction:
Mail in your warranty card and file your food dehydrator’s exclusive registration
number now!
Your serial number and dehydrator model number are located on the bottom of the
base power unit on the FD-50 and FD-1010, and the bottom of the top-mounted
power unit on the FD-60.
We enter this number into our database. It registers your warranty and identifies
your machine specifically by its individual code. Should you call in for help on
our 800 toll free line, your registration number helps us identify your machine and
speeds up our assistance to you.
Five Easy Steps to Satisfaction
Should you have a problem with your food dehydrator, please refer to these steps
for help:
1. Call us on our toll free number, 1-800-288-4545, and tell us about your problem.
2. If we instruct you to send us all or part of your appliance for repair or replacement, the Customer Satisfaction representative will give you an authorization
number (this number notifies our receiving department to expedite your
repair). Pack your unit carefully in a sturdy carton to prevent damage because
any damage caused in shipping is not covered by the warranty.
3. Print your name, address and authorization number on the carton.
4. Write a letter explaining the problem. Include the following: your name,
address and a copy of the original bill of sale.
5. Attach the sealed envelope containing the letter inside the carton. Insure the
package for the value of the food dehydrator and ship prepaid to:
The Metal Ware Corporation
1700 Monroe Street
Two Rivers, WI 54241
1-800-288-4545
www.nesco.com
52
8425Cover
12/12/01
12:40 PM
Page C4
Food Dehydrator & Jerky Maker
The Metal Ware Corporation, 1700 Monroe St., Two Rivers, WI 54241
© 2000 The Metal Ware Corporation
300-01448

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