Wanda, Stephen Bowers with Honor Society’s Christine McCall, below.
Coconut Creek Casino is already gearing up for expansion, see below.
Bobby Henry makes more rain, Page 7.
Lake Placid FL
Permit No. 128
“Voice of the Unconquered”
Volume XXI Number 9
July 7, 2000
Okeechobee Battle Site: Save It Or Lose It Forever Council Approves
Raised In Oct.
By E. Bowers
HOLLYWOOD — On June 28, amidst a flurry
of cuts and a switch to zero-based budgeting, the Tribal
Council voted to approve the budget for the 2000-2001
fiscal year, estimated at $203 million, which includes an
increase in per capita distribution.
With many of the Tribal Program Directors in
attendance, Chairman James Billie stated matter-of-factly
that “everyone is overpaid.” He remarked despite the enormous boost in revenues due to gaming in recent years,
some Directors approached the fiscal process as in the
past, when the Tribal budget was subsidized by federal
When approaching the end of the fiscal year
“many people have the idea that you have to blow that
money,” said Billie.
Upon announcing the switch to zero-based budgeting, in which the Directors start from zero and justify all
expenditures that follow, Billie warned of freezes and, in
some cases, elimination of such costs as sponsorship of
events, pay raises, employee travel, per diem, advertising,
and equipment purchases.
The Tribal member loan and assistance programs
will also be scrutinized. Estimating the amount of assistance given to Tribal members in the past year at $9 million, Billie observed “the needy ones never come to the
Tribe, it’s the greediest ones that come and ask for assistance.” The $50,000 cap on loans may also become a
thing of the past. “Don’t mind if you get denied once in a
while,” said Billie, adding that members may be required
See COUNCIL, page 11
For Coconut Creek
BATTLE OF LAKE OKEECHOBEE: Artist Guy LaBree’s painting shows Indians, some hiding in trees, pouring fire onto advancing U.S. troops.
By Michael James
OKEECHOBEE — It has been 163
years since so many Seminoles have gathered at
the site of the Battle of Okeechobee.
This time, they came for a June 26 press
conference held by the Friends of the Okeechobee
Battlefield to hear the site has officially been
placed on the National Trust for Historic
Preservation’s 2000 list of America’s 11 most
endangered historic places.
Tribal members Stanlo Johns, Brighton
Board Representative Alex Johns, Amos Tiger,
Louise Gopher, Kevin Osceola, Rita Gopher,
Buster Baxley, Willie Johns, Michele Thomas,
and Ah-Tah-Thi-Kee Museum Executive Director
Billy Cypress joined a host of government officials, local historians, politicians, and media for
The historical recognition comes at a
time when the Okeechobee Battle Field is once
again under attack. This time it’s not soldiers’ bullets that threatens. Today, what has been likened
to a siege is underway in the form of development.
Urban sprawl has crept up on all sides of
the Okeechobee Battle Field and is threatening to
consume the area were the Seminoles were positioned during the battle on Dec. 26, 1837.
The National Trust is leading the way in
bringing the true significance of this battle to
light. The battle changed the very nature of settlement in Florida and the southeast and was the
major conflict of the Second Seminole War
Zachary Taylor’s actions at Okeechobee
ultimately helped him win the presidency in 1848
Betty Mae’s Book Back In Print
By Vida Volkert
HOLLYWOOD — After many
years out of being out of print, Betty Mae
Jumper’s book …And with the Wagon Came
God’s Word is back on the road.
Betty Mae, Director of the Seminole
Tribe’s Communications Department, is the
author of this marvelous tale of courage and
“It’s about Tribal members embracing Christianity,” said Pastor Arlen Payne
about Betty Mae’s book. “It’s a touching tale
of the first missionaries who brought the message of Jesus to the Seminole Indians of
Florida back in the mid 1920s and the triumphal outcome of their journey of love.”
Rev. Payne, pastor of Chikee
Baptist Church on the Hollywood
Reservation, said the book is a good source of
information and will be very useful during his
upcoming missions to the north of the United
States, where he is annually invited as a missionary himself.
“I did not know the complete story
about how the missioners came to the
[Seminole] reservation before Pastor Willie
King until I read Betty’s book,” said Rev.
Willie King, a Creek Indian from
Oklahoma, is considered the first minister to
come to the Hollywood Indian Reservation.
However, Betty Mae’s book reveals that prior
to King’s arrival to the reservation in the
early 1930s, a group of Oklahoma Seminole
missionaries, led by a priest whose last name
was Goat, came Indiantown to spread the
word of the Jesus.
In her book Betty Mae, who was
elected Tribal Chairman in 1967 — becoming
the first female Tribal ‘Chief’ in America –
recalls the journey of the missionaries from
day one at the train station in Wewoka, Ok.,
to their arrival into Indian Territory around
“Many people asked the preacher
why he had come to Florida,” writes Betty
Mae. “He told them, ‘These Florida Indians
are my people, the people we left behind. . .I
must tell them about Jesus, and through Him
we can never be hurt again. Never again walk
the ‘Trail of Tears.”
Betty Mae started writing about the
missionaries adventures about 15 years ago
influenced by her own experiences and the
difficulties she endured as a child.
“When I was a little child, a missionary used to talk to us about the Bible,”
said Betty Mae, referring to the late Minister
Betty Mae Jumper grew up in the
Hollywood Reservation, which at the time
was known as the Dania Reservation. As
half-breed – Betty is half-Indian and
See BETTY, page 7
due in part to the battle’s influence on national
politics. The battle was, however, a victory for the
Seminoles whose war dead probably lie today
somewhere near the old lake ridge at the battle
In the early 1980s, the King’s Bay subdivision began building homes on the site of the
site. Today the area is facing the very real possibility that another 145 acres will disappear to the
bulldozer’s blade as plans for a new 300 home
development take shape.
Last January, the Seminole Tribune
reported the trustees of the Rowland Estate plan
to do just that. At that time representative of the
estate said they would consider giving two or
three acres for preservation purposes. Attornies
for the estate said the trustees have an obligation
to make money.
See BATTLE, page 4
COCONUT CREEK — It’s official. The
Coconut Creek Casino is a huge success.
In the four months since its opening, more than 30,000
people have come to try their luck at the casino’s video
pull-tab machines, lightening bingo, and poker tables. And
many have one big— from cars and trips to one-time jackpots of up to $221,000.
“We’ve created a unique and inviting entertainment option for local residents and tourists,” said Jo-Lin
Osceola, general manger of the casino. “We’re thrilled
with the response we’ve received.”
The casino has been so successful that expansion
plans are already in the works. Over the next six months
40,000 square feet of additional space will be added to the
30,000 square foot facility. The new space will accommodate a well-known gourmet steak restaurant, an upscale
cafeteria-style restaurant, and a nightclub. The casino
already has a full-service bar and a gourmet snack bar
with seating for 50.
Part of the casino’s success can be attributed to
the many special events and theme nights the casino has
hosted, including Memorial Day and Mother’s Day celebrations as well as Las Vegas Night. Upcoming events
include a fireworks display and free BBQ on July 4th, a
70s night on July 30, and a free Hawaiian Luau on Aug.
The Coconut Creek Casino is located on
Northwest 54th Street, just east of State Road 7 on Sample
Road. For more information about the casino or the
upcoming events, call (954) 977-6700.
HOLLYWOOD — Christine E. McCall was
inducted into the National Junior Honor Society –
Driftwood Middle School Chapter in Hollywood on June 13.
In order to be considered for induction to the
society, a student must have a grade point average of at
least a 3.5. A candidate must possess qualities as scholarship, leadership, character, citizenship and service. The
National Junior Honor Society was established in 1929 for
middle-school students “to create enthusiasm for scholarship, to stimulate a desire to render service, to promote
leadership, and to develop character in the students of secondary schools.”
Consideration for induction came from the
Faculty Council. Membership in the National Junior
Honor Society is more than an honor. A member accepts
responsibility and an obligation to continue to demonstrate
these outstanding qualities.
Christine’s hard work has just started. Christine
must maintain a 3.5 GPA and continue satisfactory marks
on her conduct. A quality to be considered for membership
is service. Christine is required to earn 35 hours of service
by the end of each school year. Examples of service are
See HONOR, page 14
The Seminole Tribune
July 7, 2000
College Indian Student Output Low
*Dr. Dean Chavers
Indian Country needs to take a look at the low output of
Indian College students and improve on it. I believe in the value
of a college education so much I have dedicated my life to improving it. But many, many more people need to take an interest in it
to make real improvements.
First of all, there are just too few Indian College students.
The best data I have seen (and admittedly there is no comprehensive national data) indicate that only 17 percent of Indian high
school graduates in the U.S. attend college, while in all students
that figure is 67 percent, according to report from the Department
of Education (ED). Thus there is a 50-point gap between the number of Indian college students and the rest of the population.
Second, these college students concentrate in just two
areas — education and social work. The late Bill Burgess did a
national study for ED in which he found that 60 percent of Indian
college graduates have degrees in education. I estimate that 15-20
percent of Indian college graduates have degrees in education.
That leaves only 20 percent of Indian students to major in all the
other fields — anthropology, nursing, medicine, physics, engineering, communication, biology, math, aeronautics, computers,
Mr. Leroy Falling, when he was head of higher education
for the BIA, reported that only three percent of Indian college students majored in math, science, and engineering. I’m very sure the
same percentage still holds.
Third, the college entry rate is really worse than it looks.
The 17percent is of the 50 percent of Indian students who finish
high school. So in fact only 8.5 percent of Indian 18-year-olds
enter college, compared to 54 percent of all high school graduates
in the U.S. (The U.S. dropout rate is 20 percent, multiplied 80 percent = 53.6 percent). So for every Indian student who enters college, there are 6.3 non-Indians who enter.
Fourth, the completion rate for Indian students is much
worse. Only 20 percent of the Indian students who enter college
finish (according to data I have collected for a book I am writing
called The Indian Dropout). Thus only 1.7 Indian students per
hundred are earning college degrees.
This compares very unfavorably to the rate for nonIndians. The national college completion rate for them is 54 percent. Thus 29 of these students per hundred are finishing college
For every Indian college graduate there are thus 17 nonIndian graduates. In case you think we are closing the gap, think
again. Twenty-five years ago the gap was less than this. At that
time we had the same percentage of Indian students going to college, but the U.S. rate was only 38 percent. We have stayed the
same while the non-Indian population increased by 50 percent!
While tribes and Indian organizations are advertising
widely for computer programmers, nurses, doctors, accountants,
and hospital managers, not nearly enough are being produced.
Look at the advertising pages of any of the Indian papers; most of
the advertising is for professional positions!
The main places we need to seek improvements are on
high school and college campuses. Most of the colleges, especially the ones with high numbers of Indian students, have dropout
rates between 70 percent and 90 percent. The only exception is the
huge improvement that has happened at Arizona State University
because of Pete Zah in the past five years.
A few of the colleges such as Dartmouth, Harvard, and
Stanford have high completion rates. But there are only a handful
of these with low rates, and a few hundred others with high rates.
The first change that needs to happen is that tribal leadership needs to become involved in the schools. Most of the tribes
I visit have no one who is a tribal council member who is also
involved with the leadership of the schools, such as being a school
board member. The tribal leadership has the same attitude as the
parents; I send my students to your school, and you, educators,
handle all their education.
The tribal leaders by doing this have washed their hands
of responsibility. Unfortunately, washing your hands of responsibility is not the way to change bad situations. The only way to
change things is to get your hands dirty in the mud of combat.
Tribal leaders need to meet on a peer basis with the school officials on a regular basis and spell out what they expect of the
schools, including a college preparatory course of study.
The second change that needs to happen is that Indian
parents need to take an active role in their children’s education.
Now, most of them also wash their hands of responsibility. Most
Indian parents do not even know who the teachers of their children
At the same time, these parents know what they are supposed to do to support their children at school. This is one of my
favorite trick questions to ask Indian educators. They overwhelmingly say Indian parents do not know what they are supposed to do
to support their children’s education.
But when you sit down with the parents, as I have in half
a dozen different places, you will find they do know what they are
supposed to be doing. They know they are supposed to be monitoring homework, talking to teachers, making sure their children
read books, and so on.
The third thing that needs to change is that Indian high
schools need to implement a college preparatory track for their
students. Very few of them have such a track, and if they do the
Anglo and Hispanic students may be on it, but the Indian students
are on the other blue-collar track.
Luckily, seven of these 740 high schools have implemented a full college prep track in the past ten years. One of these
seven, Navajo prep, now sends 100cpercent of its graduates on to
college. The others are sending between 70cpercent and 90cpercent on to college. We just need to get more and more of the Indian
high schools to get students ready for college.
The good news for students is that they will never have
to look for a job. Everyone wants to hire them — tribes, school,
hospitals, clinics, IBM, the federal government, casinos, General
Motors, and on and on. At my organization we get requests on a
daily basis for information on how to find Indians to hire. Most of
the time we have to tell the persons inquiring that Indian graduates
are hard to find, and wish them good luck.
Many other things need to happen, of course, in addition
to tribal leadership, parents, and schools doing their part. All the
teachers need to make sure Indian students read a lot of books.
(They are now reading less than one per year outside of school).
Counselors need to help Indian students find the right college and
apply for scholarships. We all need to do much more.
— Dr. Dean Chavers writes extensively on Indian subjects.
Thank you and the Seminole
Tribe for everything last week and for
being the best hosts ever for the annual
Native American Journalists Association
Without your efforts and contribution, we would not have been able to
have such a positive conference. Thanks
NAJA Board Member
I am in search of a Seminole
Tribal hat or jacket patches for two
friends. I did not find any on your marketplace web pages? Are such
patches available? I would appreciate any
information you can send me.
There are no Seminole Tribal
hat or jacket patches at this time.
When I was a young lad in 1955
(9 years old) Chief Jack Tommie came by
Mr. Shell’s Store in Fort Pierce on Orange
Ave., by the Header Canal. He was
always joking with me, and I thought
myself rather lucky to know a real live
Indian in those days of nostalgic “cowboy
and Indian days.” One morning on Header
Canal Road, his daughter Rosalee had a
flat tire, and my dad stopped to change
her tire for her. That evening Jack wanted
to give her to my father for a wife.
Mr. Shell would sell liquor to
Jack (although it was against the law) and
one day Jack came in the store and said,
“Where Mr. Shell?” My mother had been
told by Mr. Shell he was going to town to
the bank and she assumed he was gone.
His house was quartered in the rear of the
store and she was at the meat counter with
her back to the door. About that time Mr.
Shell walked past and Jack saw him.
He looked at my mother and
said, “White woman no damn good. She
tell Indian lie.” From that day until I
became a teenager, when Jack would see
me or my dad or all of us, he would
shake my dad’s hand and say, “You fine
man.” He would pat my head and say,
“You good boy.” He would then look at
my mom and say, “White woman no
damn good. She tell Indian lie.”
Jack, Rosalee and Buster along
with several other Indians in 1955 picked
tomatoes for 10 cents a box. The Sunrise
Motor Company was the Ford dealer in
Fort Pierce and the 1955 Ford Crown
Victoria had just come out. I believe it
cost about $1,500 at the time. Jack and
Company went into the Ford place and
asked the salesman how much the car was
and he, thinking they were just poor
Indians, quoted them a lower price. They
counted out the money in dimes they had
saved from picking tomatoes.
Once he came by the store and
asked me, “Where you daddy?” I said,
“He’s in jail Chief.” He left without a
word, and in about 30 minutes my dad
drove in. In about ten more it looked like
the Seminole nation was there. Jack got
out, ran over to my dad and said, “How
you get out?”
Dad said, “Out of what Jack?” Jack said,
“Your boy say you in jail. We come to
camp out on courthouse lawn til they let
I got a good whippin for telling
Jack a lie, but my dad always felt honored
that the Seminoles in Fort Pierce gave
him such honor and friendship. I always
felt great pride in knowing the Tommie
Clan. They were fine people.
When I came home from Nam,
Buster offered to take me to the
Everglades to help me get my “spirit”
back. They were and are counted as some
of my few and dearest friends.
Dr. C. D. Reams
6209 Pleasant Ridge Ave
Pascagoula, MS 39581
What is the difference between
your Seminole Nation and the I:laponki?
Are they the same people? Are they different? Do they have different tribal governments, but related?
Patsy West replies:
The Seminole Tribe of Florida,
to whom you sent your questions, is not
the Seminole Nation. That term refers to
the federally recognized Seminoles in
I:laponki: is the name of the
language (also called Mikasuki) spoken
by most of the Seminole Tribe of Florida
and all of the Miccosukee Tribe of
Indians of Florida (while approximately
one third of the Seminole Tribal members are of Creek descent and speak
Muscogee.) These two tribes – the
Seminole Tribe of Florida and the
Seminole Nation of Oklahoma, while
containing a majority of clan related
members, have separate tribal governments. They were federally recognized in
1957 and 1962 respectfully.
Wancha Huntamechko? — Mom, where are you?
Thoughts From The Deep
ately, I’ve been having some weird
thoughts about life. I may be at the
beginning of a trip “off the deep
end,” but the more I think about it, the
more I’d bet the farm that there are those
of you who also think about these things
and may even share my concern and
views. Read on, and decide for yourselves.
First of all, do you ever think
about just grabbing your family and making a run for it? You know, just run off
somewhere up in the
mountains or go deep
into the swamp – alone
– with no outside influences. Being a parent is
getting dangerous –
and so is being a child.
Society has changed so
much since I was a kid
that it’s hard to differentiate the kid’s
mentality from the adult’s at times. These
kids today are smart!
I don’t mean that we were dumb,
but we were not “street-smart,” so to
speak, like our kids are today. They know
every con ever thought of, they know
what kind of power they have in the
courts. They also know how to act, lie,
cheat and steal. They also know how to
kill. And sadly many don’t know how to
Do you remember when you
were young, ever telling one or both of
your parents where to get off? Did you
ever threaten your parents with arrest for
child abuse if they spanked you? Probably
not – if you are over 40.
These kids today are crying wolf
and getting away with it. Parents are
afraid to discipline their kids. I would not
have even considered talking back! I liked
remaining in the same room that my teeth
were in. I hated getting whipped or
scratched – and I didn’t even dare to cry
You probably have heard the
“Shut up! Or I’ll give you something to
cry about!” threat as your muffled sniffle
reached your mom or dad’s ears.
Language has no barrier here, nor does
I don’t know if it was respect or
fear that kept us in line back then, but I
know we didn’t watch the violent TV
stuff that our kids are watching now. I
know that none of the kids I knew ever
went out and shot someone or built a
bomb – because we didn’t have computers then either.
I have also come to think that
people should not consider being parents
until they are at least 40. By then, they
have experience surviving in this world.
They’ve been there – done that.
At 15 or 16 (or even younger),
these children having children think they
know it all. They “are mature” for their
age. Some have even “finished high
school, and have a job.”
That’s nice, but what they don’t
have – and won’t have – are all those precious years of actually learning things for
themselves – usually the hard way. They
have been robbed of their youth and they
often wind up resenting their kids for it.
They may not admit it, but they do.
They really do love their kids,
but they want to go out and be with their
friends – so they want to – and usually do
– leave the kids with family. Some don’t
even come back for their kids. So then
they are carrying around guilt over the
abandonment of their children and they
don’t even visit them. They know someone is going to lecture them, so it’s better
to just stay away altogether.
Sound familiar? A lecture is supposed to provide a benefit. But, the person
giving the lecture is often criticized as
interfering. If you don’t want the lecture,
go on with your life, but take the time to
inform the family. Let them know you
don’t want them to worry.
What also should sound familiar,
is that these young parents are not paying
attention to what their children are watching on TV, and what their children are
seeing and doing on their computers. As
long as they are quiet, and are not bothering their parents, the tendency is to “let
sleeping dogs lie.”
Other more important things
dominate the lives of young parents. They
are insecure in their relationships. The
wife burns up the
phone lines calling
all over town to
every bar she
knows, looking for
her husband and
fearing he is out
V i r g i n i a M i t c h e l l with another
woman – which a
good part of the time – is true.
Or she may load the kids in the
car (or not) and drive all over town looking for him. God forbid the child tries to
speak to her during this time. She is ready
to snap and has become a woman with a
mission – obsessed with finding “him.”
Most young couples don’t know
how to budget their money or sacrifice. If
they want it – they get it. Marriages don’t
last like they used to. They have no foundation. Young people today change partners and divorce when they get bored
with their spouse or find someone who
can give them more “things.”
They are too young to know how
to work it out. They call it “irreconcilable
differences,” and move on from partner to
partner – with the children being shuffled
here and there, and put on the back burner
– left to occupy themselves.
That’s is exactly what the kids
are doing. They hear their parents fight
and verbally abuse each other. They see
their parents physically abuse each other,
and if they get in the way, they too, are
abused. Children live what they learn, and
they are learning a lot.
Young parents also can expect
that someday these same children are
going to become violent people and they
are going to use all that knowledge for
their own benefit. They are going to get
even for being ignored, abused or abandoned.
When people wait to have children, they have done their thing; they
have experienced all the “good” things in
life, and have gotten those things out of
their system. They are street smart and
experienced in dealing with the things life
throws in their paths. Isn’t it too bad we
can’t convince our young people all of
this is the truth?
Unfortunately, we can’t. Didn’t
our parents try to warn us and didn’t they
talk to us until they were blue in the face?
Sure they did. Did we listen? Of course
not. Will our kids listen? Of course not.
So the way I see it is, we should
just grab our husbands, wives and kids
and head for the hills – and save ourselves! Leave the TV, computer, gameboy,
boombox and rap CD’s. Take along a little
portable radio and sit back and listen to
the news reporting all the violent crimes
and political scandals.
And, thank God you aren’t there
any longer and that the kid who just shot
his parents isn’t yours!
— Virginia Mitchell is editor of
the Seminole Tribune.
July 28 Issue • Deadline July 14
August 18 Issue • Deadline August 4
September 8 Issue • Deadline August 25
Publisher: James E. Billie
Director: Dr. Betty Mae Jumper
Editor: Virginia M. Mitchell
Special Projects: Peter B. Gallagher
Graphic Design/Layout: Melissa Sherman
Graphic Design/Layout Assistant: Vanessa Frank
Secretary: Valerie M. Frank
Reporters: Libby Blake, Elrod Bowers,
Colin Kenny, Ernie Tiger
Business Manager: Dan McDonald
Contributors: Tommy Benn, Charles Flowers,
Michael James, Bob Kippenberger (Photos),
Brian Larney (Design), Mark Madrid,
Sandi McClenithan, Rhonda Roff,
Raiford Starke, Vida Volkert, Patsy West,
Dr. Patricia R. Wickman
The Seminole Tribune
is a member of the Native American
Journalists Association and the
Associated Press. Letters to the Editor
must be signed and may be edited for
publication. Subscription rate is $25
per year by mail. Make checks
payable to The Seminole Tribune,
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33024. Phone: (954) 967-3416. Fax:
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Internet at www.seminoletribe.com
© Seminole Tribe of Florida
The Seminole Tribune
July 7, 2000
Archaeological Site In Danger
These primitive tools are some of the ancient artifacts that have been recovered at the Turkey Point location.
because the Seminole ancestors were all over
Florida prior to and after colonization.
However, until the archaeological site is
identified as a significant site there is not much
scientists can do to protect it.
Jim Miller, the State Archaeologist, said
there are over 20,000 archaeological sites spread
“I am not in favor of people digging in
and taking archaeological artifacts but we can not
protect all 20,000 sites,” said Miller,
adding it would take much time and
resources to protect the sensitive
He also explained the value or
significance of an archaeological site
depends on the kind of activity the
inhabitants performed there. If the
Indigenous people used the site for
religious or ceremonial purposes, as
it appeared to be the case of the
Tequesta Indigenous people who
constructed the Miami Circle [a rare
archaeological site featuring circular
formations recently excavated in
downtown Miami] the site raises its
But if the indigenous people
simply threw artifacts away along the
Pottery, flints and points are from many different ages, experts believe.
coast, Miller said the archaeological
Unless the site is classified as ‘significant,’ it may fall through the cracks and be lost.
site is less important. Miller also said
the Miami Circle was of great signifihome to a wide variety of sea turtles and bald eagles. Florida State
cance not only to Americans but the rest of the world because people
years these lands were their source of staple, shelter and survival.
University has a 75-acre marine lab located in this area that the St. Joe
Just six months ago, several families living in St. Teresa, a
believed the circle was connected to the Maya culture.
Paper Company has an interest in pursuing.
“The [Miami Circle] archaeological remains suggested it had
beach community located a hundred yards from the archaeological site,
Preliminary talks about trading the FSU land for other property
provided the State Division of Historical Resources with a report on arti- religious importance,” said Miller, adding that human remains were
owned by the paper company have been on and off for the past couple of
facts they had uncovered in the area.
uncovered at the site that has since been purchased by the state.
“The Miami Circle received large public support and everybody weeks. Since the St. Joe Paper Company owns a million acres in Florida,
Marion Smith, supervisor for the Florida Master Site File
including tens of thousands of acres around Turkey Point, some believe
Division with the State Historical Resources, said the artifacts uncovered around the world got excited because they thought it was an astrological
FSU is strongly considering the trade.
ranged from different periods.
The St. Joe Paper Company has not yet released details of its
“We don’t have details of an excavation but our records indiMiller also said that no human remains or suggestive artifacts
development plans, but it is believed the comcate that a wide variety of artifacts have been found
pany wants to build a marina at Turkey Point
along the Turkey Point beach,” said Smith.
which one day could be the centerpiece of an
“There are records of prehistoric pottery.
exclusive waterfront community just an hour’s
We also have a musket ball and what appears to be a
drive south of Tallahassee.
Spanish olive jar, which does not date very well but
But the St. Teresa community and
was very common in the Colonial period.”
many different supporters are concerned about
Smith said according to the records, the
the archaeological site and the artifacts. Steve
ceramic varieties include prehistoric artifacts culturMetzke, a preservationist and news reporter
ally classified as Deptford, Swift Creek, Weeden
with channel 27 in Tallahassee, resides a few
Island and Fort Walton.
hundred yards from the site. He said there are
“The records suggest that most of the artiplenty of artifacts still in the area and urges an
facts’ time ranged from around 1,000 B.C. to 1,200
evaluation of the site before it is developed.
A.D.,” said Smith.
“Development is inevitable, but it
According to Charles Branham, senior data
must be done right,” said Metzke. “I fear conanalyst at the Florida Master Site, the artifacts found
struction would bury the artifacts forever.”
in the Turkey Point beach only represent a small
Meanwhile, Charles Branham says
that even though part of the area where the arti“I have been there [the site] and I have seen
facts were found seems to be owned by private
where people have dirtied,” said Branham. “I think
owners, it might be as well considered State
there is a lot of intact material there.”
Patricia Wickman, director of the Seminole
Experts say pottery like this -- recovered on the site -- often isn’t enough to stop development of the land.
“The site is mostly under water and
Tribe of Florida’s Department of Anthropology &
that makes it a State land,” said Branham,
Genealogy, said that if the Turkey Point site is of
importance, “we have to go by certain laws according to the resources of have been found in the Turkey Point area to suggest it was a religious or adding that it is easier to obtain permission to protect an archaeological
site when it is owned by the State.
the [Seminole] Tribe and the State” to assure its protection.
He also said it would be a shame to loose such historical site
“If this site is of any value to the Seminoles, I will do all that is
While protection of the Turkey Point archaeological site is still
over development or artifact diggers.
in my power to protect it,” said Wickman.
uncertain, the St. Joe Paper Company, the State’s largest private
“Personally, I think this is a significant site and the State should
She also said she would not be surprised if there are artifacts
landowner, envisions a beach resort in the area.
take action to protect it,” he said.
belonging to the Seminole ancestors in the Turkey Point beaches
The Turkey Point area is mostly wild, undeveloped land and
By Vida Volkert
TURKEY POINT — Artifacts belonging to the Seminole
Indians’ ancestors have been uncovered along the beaches of Turkey
Point, a geographic cape-shaped area located about 25 miles south west
of the State Capital in Eastern Franklin County.
For about a half century, the isolated and undeveloped beaches
along the Panhandle have been a favorite spot for fishermen, marine
researchers, and even amateur archaeologists.
But to the Seminole Indians’ ancestors the same Panhandle
beaches represented more than just an attractive land. For hundreds of
‘Never Had Indians Prepared A Battleground With Greater Care. . .’
The following excerpt about the Battle of Okeechobee is from
John K. Mahon’s book, ‘History of the Second Seminole War 18351842.’ It is reprinted with permission.
ortune was about to bestow upon Colonel Zachary Taylor the
opportunity to direct the largest battle of the war. On December 19
Taylor received permission from General Jesup to mover forward
and hunt the enemy. That same day he marched from Fort Gardner
(which he had built on the Kissimmee River a little south of Lake
Tohopekaliga) at the head of 1,032 men. Except for 180 Missouri volunteers, 47 men organized in a company called “Morgan’s Spies” of whom
about 30 were Missourians, and 70 Delaware and Shawnee Indians, the
force was composed of regulars. Taylor’s route was southward down the
Kissimmee toward Lake Okeechobee. On the evening of the first day
Indians began to come in and gave up. Jumper surrendered, accompanied by 63 followers. He and his party were sent back toward the fort,
guarded by some Shawnees who refused to march farther. The next day
26 Indians gave up when their camp was discovered. On the third day,
December 21, Taylor paused to build a small stockage in which to leave
his heavy baggage and artillery, for the going was becoming increasingly
severe. This stockade became Fort Bassinger. To garrison it, he detached
one company and the pioneers and pontoniers, with about 85 sick men
and some Indians. The main body moved out with provisions to last
through December 26. Small parties of Indians surrendered to them as
they advanced. By moving at daylight, the army entered one large camp
in which the fires were still burning, although the Indians had fled.
Then, they captured a single warrior in an open prairie (probably planted
R e f l e c t i o n s
there) who showed them where the foe was settled into position ready to
Never had Indians prepared a battleground with greater care.
They were in a hammock with about half a mile of swamp in front of
them, and Lake Okeechobee not far to their rear. The sawgrass in the
swamp stood five feet high, and mud and water were three feet deep.
The Seminoles had cut down the grass to provide a corridor for fire, and
had notched the trees in their hammock to steady their guns. Believing
themselves virtually impregnable, from 380 to 480 Indians waited
attack. Old Sam Jones, although not a war chief, commanded more than
half of them on the right, Alligator led 120 in the center, and
Coacoochee, crazy for revenge, held the left with about 80 followers.
Seminoles and were segregated, as usual, into separate groups. As a
result, they were not a cohesive fighting force subject to the direction of
one unifying will. And it was their misfortune that the largest body of
Negro warriors was not present.
Confronted by this defense, Taylor called his officers together.
His plan was to charge through the swamp squarely at the front of the
enemy. The Missourians later claimed that Colonel Gentry, their commander, proposed an encirclement, whereupon Taylor asked him if he
was afraid. It is not clear that there was not one to make an indirect
approach anyway. He put the Missourians with Morgans’s spies in the
first line. Only 132 men of the regiment were by this time fit for duty, a
heavy attrition rate from the near 600 who had left Missouri three
months before. Behind them came the Fourth and the Sixth Infantry, and
the First Infantry remained in reserve. Since the attack area was impassable for horses, all the attackers dismounted. The lines advanced at
P a t s y
W e s t
12:30 P.M. on a pleasant Christmas Day. In his official report Taylor
claimed that the Missouri volunteers broke after a volley or two and
went to the rear. Colonel Gentry was mortally wounded almost at the
first moment, and could not rally them. The volunteers denied Taylor’s
claim, asserting that they had to crawl through the sawgrass, stand to
fire, and drop down again, lest they be shot by the Indians in front or the
Sixth Infantry in the rear. They were placed, they said, in the hottest
spot. Be that as it may, the heaviest fire bored into five companies of the
Sixth in the corridor cut through the sawgrass. When all but one of their
company officers and most of the noncoms had been hit, these five companies retired and reformed. At this moment Colonel Ramsey Thompson
of the Sixth was fatally hit. Propped against a tree facing the foe, he
called out “Remember the regiment to which you belong! And so died.
Once the frontal attack was strongly pressed, Taylor ordered the First
Infantry, the reserve, to reach the enemy’s right and hit him in that flank.
As soon as the First got into position, the Indians gave one final volley
and began to retreat. Coacoochee and Alligator later asserted that Sam
Jones cravenly retreated on that wing, but they did not understand the
pressure he was under. The Indians withdrew toward the lake, scattered,
and escaped toward the east.
Even though outnumbered two to one, the Seminoles elected to
stand and fight at Okeechobee only because they thought they could
inflict more harm than they would receive. The casualties indicated that
their estimate was right; the white force lost 26 killed and 112 wounded,
compared to the Seminoles’ 11 and 14. The fight was over by three
o’clock. There was no pursuit because Taylor had so many dead and
wounded to evacuate.
Continued from page 1
Ho-la Wa-gus - A Devil Of An Adjective
djectives are those fascinating words which describe
(as we learned in school) a noun, which is a person,
place, or thing. Some adjectives are totally discarded
over time, while others change their meaning completely
over the decades.
I recall when one of my sons had a topic for a short paper.
His topic was the Roman god Apollo (the same as the
Greek god Adonis). We looked Apollo up in all the old dictionaries in our household libraries and one of the most
novel passages came from my grandmother’s World Book
Encyclopedia published in the early 1900s. In that old book
there was a long passage on the adjective “Adonis.”
The Seminoles had a word, which saw common
use, “ho-la wa-gus!” Ho-la wa-gus was a noun, which
referred to a demon by that name.
Far from being the glorious sun god that Apollo was, Ho-la
wa-gus was a Seminole “deity,” closer allied to the Devil.
Ho-la wa-gus lived underground in the underworld. He
would come to the surface to carry evildoers down below to
the Seminole Hell (like the Greek-Roman’s Hades or
As an adjective, ho-la wa-gus meant “bad or evil.”
A large number of accounts quoting conversations with late
19th and early 20th century Seminoles include this term,
showing it was very popular in usage. Strong drink was
considered ho-la wa-gus, so was a viciously quarrelsome
man, or a slacker who conducted himself against Seminole
Interracial unions and their offspring were considered ho-la wa-gus, as they too were firmly against the
Council’s edicts. Many minor everyday events of the negative sort, which today would call forth a variety of four letter expletives, were in days past considered ho-la wa-gus!
But, time and customs change. I wonder:
Does anyone ever say ho-la wa-gus anymore?
— Reflections Number 177.
The Corps of Engineers is presently
reviewing a permit for the Rowland Trust. If
issued, the development could jeopardize the
site’s National Historic Landmark status due to
the loss of an extremely sensitive area of the
The Okeechobee Battle Field site
encompasses approximately 1 square mile and
there are many landowners associated with the
property. According to Robert Carr, Executive
Director of the Archaeological and Historical
Conservancy, Inc., several hundred acres are
being sought for preservation.
Carr also announced that a study
would be undertaken by next year to research
the potential for turning the Okeechobee Battle
Field site into a national park. Whatever the
outcome, Carr, who did most of the original
archaeological and historical work at the site,
said preservation can and must move along in a
friendly and positive way.
Billy Cypress, who was instrumental
in the preservation of the Fort King site in
Ocala, concurred with Carr that preservation
can be achieved in a positive manner.
“It is one of the most significant sites
in the southeastern United States,” said Carr.
“Indeed, it is the only site in the southeast to be
considered for the 2000 list.”
Cypress added, “The Chairman (James E.
Billie) is interested in preservation of the site.”
“The listing doesn’t come with
money,” said John Hildreth, Director of the
National Trust’s southern office. Consequently
the listing doesn’t offer much in the way of
immediate protection. The listing, for now,
could be best described as a publicity tool for
preservationists. Publicity has proven to be a
key element in many successful preservation
efforts across the country.
“It’s [the list] an awareness building
tool,” said Hildreth. “We work with local and
state level people to develop strategies to help
preserve the site. It’s a site that not a lot of people know about and we need to raise people’s
The Seminole Tribune
July 7, 2000
By Maureen Vass
BIG CYPRESS — Chairman
James Billie hosted a luncheon at Billie
Swamp Safari on June 21 for Mrs. Glades
Mickle and her former students. The attendees included Billy and Carol Cypress,
Lottie Jim, Virginia Tommie, Theresa
Jumper, Jeanette Cypress, Mary Jean
Koenes, Beulah Gopher, Alice Snow, Agnes
Cypress, Linda Billie, and Mary Waggerby.
Mrs. Mickle, who will turn 90 in
October, was thrilled as many of the attendees brought along children and grandchildren to meet the former music teacher and
friend of the Big Cypress people.
Jeanette Cypress and Mary Koenes
recalled going to Mrs. Mickle’s home on the
weekends and how she would take them to
the beach in Fort Myers for a day of fun.
Mrs. Mickle and her twin daughters were given bags of goodies and a
Seminole lap quilt courtesy of the
Chairman’s office. All those attending had a
great time and even more fun remembering
the “good old days.”
Teacher Mrs. Mickle Returns to Big Cypress
Agnes Cypress, Theresa Jumper, Mrs. Mickle, Virginia Tommie, Lothie Jim recall old days.
Legislation Could Hurt Indian Tribes
WASHINGTON, D.C. — The 106th
Congress considered two pieces of legislation,
submitted by Florida Rep. Dave Weldon and
Indiana Rep. Peter Visclosky, that would aversely
impact Indian Country.
On June 16, by a vote of 204-172, the
House of Representatives passed the Fiscal Year
2001 Interior Appropriations bill. Only hours earlier, at 11:31 p.m., Rep. Dave Weldon (R-15)
offered House Amendment 829, which read:
An amendment numbered 48 printed in
the Congressional Record to ensure that the case
regarding Indian gaming brought by Florida and
Alabama against the Department of the Interior is
fully adjudicated before the Secretary of the
Interior is permitted to publish the procedures
that would allow tribes to establish casinos under
regulations that by-pass tribal-state compacts.
At 12:29 a.m., the amendment failed by
a recorded vote of 167-205. The votes were split
along party lines with 148 Republicans for and
148 Democrats against. A large factor in the
defeat were 56 Republicans who voted against
In the Florida contingent, Democrat
Robert Wexler and Republicans Porter Goss,
Clay Shaw, Dan Miller, John Mica, Bill Young,
Joe Scarborough, Cliff Stearns, Michael Bilirakis,
and Charles Canady voted for the amendment.
Others included Oklahoma Representatives
(L-R back row) Billie Osceola, Lothie Jim, Mrs. Mickle, Agnes Cypress,
(front row) Theresa Jumper, Virginia Tommie, Dorthy Cypress.
Celebrates Father’s Day
required tribes to collect and remit state taxes on
retail items or have the Secretary of the Interior
take those tribal lands used for the retail operations out of federal trust as a penalty. Tribes who
collect state taxes are rewarded and given priority
in the federal funding process.
Chairman Young’s amendment replaces
the trust land removal penalty and recommends the
appointment of a special trustee for the American
Indians to investigate and demand collection and
remittance of state taxes. If there is no compliance,
the special trustee will refer the matter to the
Department of Justice for civil enforcement action.
H.R. 1814, which refers mainly to the
collection of state taxes on motor fuels and
tobacco products, is backed by the Society of
Independent Gasoline Marketers of America,
National Association of Convenience Stores,
Petroleum Marketers Association of America,
National Association of Truck Stop Operations,
and the National Governors Association.
Introducing the bill on May 13, 1999
Rep. Visclosky said, “This measure insures a equity in the process of state taxation. This is not about
Native American sovereignty, nor is it about discrimination. This measure will give back the hundreds of millions of dollars that states lose annually because these taxes are not collected.”
Tribal Members Donate $25,000 to IRCC
By Maureen J. Vass
BRIGHTON — Members of the Seminole Tribe’s Brighton
community got together recently with Indian River Community
College (IRCC) President Dr. Edwin Massey and Kay Mullins, Provost
of the Dixon Hendry Campus, to present a very special donation.
Brighton Tribal Councilman Jack Smith and several Tribal
members presented a $25,000 check to IRCC. The money will be
going toward the building fund for the new educational building under
construction on the Dixon Hendry Campus.
Education Department employees and Tribal members present
were Lorene Gopher, Jenny Shore, Willie Johns, and Louise Gopher.
They have been actively involved in making sure this check goes to
Dad Max Osceola holds Zephaniah Roberts.
Fathers And Mothers
Extension Agent Pursuing Doctorate
By Libby Blake
BIG CYPRESS —
Fathers and mothers were recognized and remembered during a special luncheon held
June 16, at Big Cypress Gym.
The event was co-hosted by
Tribal President Mitchell
Cypress and Council
around 11 a.m. with Mitchell
and David welcoming all
Mitchell Cypress and brother David
present and extending a spejoined together to honor parents for all
cial “thank you” to all fathers
and mothers. They both stated the work they do for kids.
they decided to host the
luncheon as a way to honor
catered the luncheon and Paul Buster,
all fathers and mothers for their
accompanied by son Paul “Chunky”
love, guidance, and knowledge.
Buster Jr., provided the music. Robin
They reminded everyone of the
Hernandez, Vicki Knouse, Mabel Jim,
importance of their parents in makLouise Osceola, and the crew from
ing them who they are today and
the gym handled the decorations.
encouraged the young to continue
All the fathers received a
the traditions and culture passed on
mini drink cooler. The mothers were
given carnations and floral arrangeThe Swamp Water Café
ments commemorating the day.
the Education building at IRCC.
Johns, Education Liaison for Brighton, and Gopher, Education
Counselor, were both very pleased that a section of the building will be
named after the Seminole Tribe of Florida. Shore who works with the
culture program and realizes the benefits of an education for the
Seminole people was also excited about the funding.
The building will house a state of the art adult education center and include a library resource room. Students working on their
GED or continuing education programs can benefit from this addition.
This money is part of the Seminole Tribe of Florida’s continued commitment to the education of its members.
By T.R. Benn
BRIGHTON — Sabrina Tuttle, Extension
Agent with the Seminole Tribe of Florida since
1996, will be leaving for College Station, Texas to
pursue her Ph.D. degree in Agricultural
Communication and International Development.
During her years with the Tribe, Tuttle
planned and implemented extension projects with
4-H Youth and various agricultural programs. She
was also involved in money management and
Tuttle’s goal is to become a project
administrator with a non-profit international
development agency or a researcher in international development of agricultural communication.
“I will miss the interesting and various
aspects of my job with the Seminole Tribe,” “The
relationship with the 4-H youth, their parents, the
ranchers, the cattle program, and the frustrating yet
wonderful dry humor of the Seminole people.”
By E. Tiger
HOLLYWOOD — Community
members on the
gathered at the
Recreation facilities to
celebrate Father’s Day.
went to the festivities
received baskets, which
were filled with turtle
wax, a wax buffer, and
enjoyed a catered lunch
for family and community members who came
to the festivities that
Ernest Istook, J.C. Watts, and Steve Largent,
Republican Majority Whip Tom Delay (TX), and
Henry Hyde (IL).
Republicans Mark Foley, Tillie Fowler,
Lincoln Diaz-Balart and Democrats Alcee
Hastings, Bob Deutsch, Allen Boyd, Corrine
Brown, Karen Thurman, and Jim Davis voted
against the amendment. Others included Native
American Caucus members J.D. Hayworth (AZ),
David Bonior (MI), Dale Kildee (MI), and
Patrick Kennedy (RI).
Not voting were Republicans Bill
McCollum, Ileana Ros-Lehtinen, and Democrat
Carrie Meek. The amendment is similar to the
Weldon-Barr amendment offered last year, which
failed by a vote of 217-205. Rep. Weldon represents District 15, which covers Brevard, Indian
River, and parts of Osceola and Polk counties.
Vice Chairman of the Space and Aeronautics
Subcommittee, Weldon also co-chairs, with Gov.
Jeb Bush, the Florida Venture Pursuit Team, an
effort to bring next-generation launch vehicles to
On June 28, the House Resources
Committee held a markup on H.R. 1814, the
“Tribal-State Tax Fairness Act of 2000,” regarding an amendment by Committee Chairman Don
Young (R-AK) to H.R. 1814.
H.R. 1814, which was introduced on
May 14, 1999 by Rep. Peter Visclosky (D-IN),
Extension agent Sabrina Tuttle is heading to Texas for a Ph.D.
The Seminole Tribune
July 7, 2000
Fort Marion / Castillo de San Marcos: Stone Fortress Couldn’t Hold Wild Cat
uring the Seminole Wars (1817-1858), the
United States Army built forts across the
peninsula of Florida. While Fort Marion was
not constructed during this period, it served the U.S.
Government as a major base during the conflicts. In
this ongoing Seminole Tribune exclusive series, correspondent Vida Volkert reports on the role these forts
played in the battles that were – in their time – the
longest and most costly military campaigns ever
fought by the United States.
By Vida Volkert
ST. AUGUSTINE — On the moonless night
of Nov. 29, 1837, the impressively brilliant young
Seminole Indian leader Coacoochee, known as Wild
Cat, accomplished the most picturesque and intrepid
episode of the Second Seminole Wars [1835-1842].
“He escaped from Fort Marion, the maximum security facility in Florida during the wars,”
said Bill Steele, consultant for the Archaeological and
Coacoochee, the favorite son of the
Seminole head-Chief Emathla, scaled the interior
wall of his cell; squeezed through a nine to eight
inches wide and five feet long window situated about
15 feet from the floor; and let himself down on a rope
made from bedding.
After Coacoochee made it out of the cell, the
Black Indian John Cavallo, 16 warriors and two
women, followed him. Once free of the walls,
Coacoochee and his followers fled west. They left the
city of St. Augustine, where the fort is located, forded
the St. Johns River, and turned south.
Traveling all night, the tiny band slept in the
woods by day. They lived on roots and food they
found along the way, until they succeeded in rejoining the forces of the Medicine Man Abiaka, known to
the Whites as Sam Jones.
Two months later, Coacoochee was leading
80 men against the U.S. Army in the Battle of
Okeechobee (Dec. 25, 1837. see page 3). The Battle
of Okeechobee is regarded as the largest battle of the
Second Seminole War.
Fort Marion, known as well as Castillo de
San Marcos, represents the oldest remaining
European fortification in the United States. At the
time of Coacoochee’s escape it represented the bestguarded fortification in Florida.
“It had to be the highest security place in
Florida,” said Steele. “I can’t imagine otherwise since
St. Augustine was one of the most important cities in
Florida at that time.”
Cecile-Marie Sastre, a local historian who
has worked in the research department of the Castillo
for the last 18 months, said at the time of
Coacoochee’s escape, there were several hundreds of
soldiers stationed in St. Augustine.
“It was a secure place, but when the
Americans took over the fort in the early 1820s and
restructured the fortification, building windows on
the walls, they broke the fort’s integrity,” said Sastre
about the fort whose initial construction was ordered
by Queen Mariana of Spain in 1672.
“Queen Mariana ordered its construction
because the Spanish settlers in Florida were getting
scared that the British were going to attack them,”
said Sastre, who during her months of research specialized in the Spanish periods.
Sastre said the material chosen for the construction of the fort was coquina, a stone comprised
of little shellfish. The shellfish, which died long ago,
had bonded together and under intense pressure and
thousands of years, created a hard rock. In Spanish,
coquina means little shells. After 23 years of work,
the Castillo was completed in 1695.
“The Spanish named it Castillo de San
Marcos, probably after St. Mark, one of the four
Gospels,” said Sastre. “But in 1825 the Americans
renamed it Fort Marion after Francis Marion, a
famous American revolutionary patriot.”
Joseph Brehm, park ranger at the Castillo de
San Marcos Monument, says that before Fort
Marion’s construction began, nine other wooden forts
were built around the St. Augustine area.
“The very first was an Indian
Timucuan house. It was not far from where the
Castillo is now, about a quarter to half mile north,”
On Sept. 8, 1565, Spaniards under Pedro
Menendez de Aviles landed on the north East Coast
of Florida, on the shores of what is known today as
They had been two months at sea, dispatched by King Phillip II of Spain to occupy the
peninsula known as La Florida. Their orders were to
drive out a band of French Huguenots who had settled there.
Brehm says the Spaniards were received by
the Timucuan Indians, who offered their visitors a
large house near the waterfront. This Spanish occupation was the beginning of the settlement of what
became known as St. Augustine, the oldest city in
the United States.
“The Spaniards built a fortification around
the house, but about six months after they had landed, the Indians realized the Spaniards were planning
on staying in their land and set the fort on fire,” said
Brehm, who adds the next fort was built on
“The Spaniards didn’t leave,” he said.
“Instead, they built two more [forts] right across the
bay and five more wooden forts were built where
the Castillo is located today.”
Queen Mariana’s efforts, however, did not
stop the British from taking over St. Augustine. But
the British did not take St. Augustine by force.
Under the Treaty of Paris, Britain gained the
Florida Territory by the return to Spain of Havana.
Florida was divided in to an East Florida and a West
Florida and St. Augustine was made the capital of the
eastern part. The name of the fort was changed into
the English equivalent Fort St. Marks.
The Spanish; however, took back the Florida
peninsula in July 1784, handing it over to the
Americans in 1821. As the Americans took over
Florida, they began changing things around.
Sastre said that one of the changes at Fort
Marion included the construction of windows in all
the rooms of the west side of the fort.
“The Americans started these windows in
the early 1830s. We believe they were made for ventilation purposes since they wanted to use some of the
rooms for the soldiers. The other three sides of the
fort did not have openings,” said Sastre.
The Castillo de San Marcos underwent its
baptism of fire in 1702, 30 years after construction
had begun. By the time the Castillo was completed,
in 1695, the town of St. Augustine consisted of about
1,500 people, including Spanish, Indian and Black
families. St. Augustine was a Spanish colony governed by Florida’s Gov. General Jose de Zuniga, but
Spain was having a hard time claiming its lands on
the Atlantic coast.
Carolina’s governor James Moore was looking south and wanted to annex the Florida lands,
including St. Augustine. Supported by the British
Crown and his fellow allies who wanted the
In the attempt, the handsome, slim and very
Spaniards off the eastern coast of North America, he
Infantry John Sprague, a King Phillip contemporary,
creative leader induced his Tribesmen into a diet.
led an army of 1,200, half of them white Carolinians
described him as a good-natured and sensible Indian.
According to Coacoochee’s own accounts, in order to
and half Indian warriors, in an invasion of St.
King Phillip was nearly 60 years old at the
reduce themselves as much as possible so that they
time he opposed the treaty to move west and was
can squeeze through the small window, they took
As word of the invasion reached St.
determined to die upon Florida soil.
Augustine, Zuniga ordered the population to take
Surgeon Jacob R. Motte, an officer stationed medicine for five days.
“Under the pretext of being very sick, we
refuge within the coquina walls of the Castillo and
in Florida during the Second Seminole War, wrote in
were permitted to obtain the roots we required. For
sent La Gloria, his only vessel and hope, to Havana
his journal about both captures in great detail.
some weeks we watched the moon, in order that the
According to his accounts, the Indian leaders were
night of our attempt it should be as dark as possible.
As the British troops arrived to the scene,
taken at their respective camps by troops led by Col.
At the proper time we commenced the medicine, calZuniga ordered the destruction of every house within
musket’s range of the Castillo because he feared their
culating upon the entire disappearance of the moon.”
While King Phillip’s capture went easy and
enemies would use the houses for protection while
Historian Kenneth Porter, who in 1942 pubwithout casualties, Uchee Billy put up a fight, despite
attacking the fort.
lished an essay on the subject, went as far as
The confrontations lasted for about two
researching on the astronomical conditions of the
months, but neither side could gain an advanmoon back in November 1837. The information
tage. Zuniga kept his troops inside the fort, and
he obtained from Professor Maude Makemson,
Moore didn’t have enough manpower to storm
head of the Department of Astronomy at Vassar
College, confirmed Coacoochee’s accounts.
Zuniga believed it was too dangerous to
There was a dark moon on Nov. 29, 1837.
confront the British on the ground and believed
Coacoochee commented that on the
reinforcements would come to his people’s resnight of the escape, the keeper of the prison
cue. Moore also believed reinforcements would
annoyed them, “by frequently coming into the
come form Jamaica to support his cause.
room, and talking and singing.”
By Christmas day of 1702, Spanish
“At first we thought of tying him and
reinforcements arrived, forcing the British out of
putting his head in a bag; so that should he call
the Peninsula. Despite an ocean infested by
for assistance, he could not be heard.
pirates, the vessel La Gloria had made it to
“We first, however, tried the experiment
Havana, bringing help to the poor but couraof pretending to be asleep, and when he returned
geous people of St. Augustine.
to pay no regard to him. This accomplished our
Before the British took off, however,
objective. He came in and went immediately out;
they burned down the rest of the houses of the
and we could hear him snore in the immediate
town. That’s why the oldest houses of St.
vicinity of the door.
Augustine date after 1700 and not before.
“I then took the rope, which we had
Park ranger Brehm says that although
secreted under our bed, and mounting upon the
they don’t have complete U.S. Army records on
shoulder of my comrade, raised myself. I used
the Seminole Wars period, it is known that all
my knife and worked into the crevices of the
the rooms on the west side of the fort were used
stone, and succeeded in reaching the embrasure.
to imprison captive Seminoles. The Indians were
Here I made fast the rope, that my friend [John
held in the fortress while they waited to be
Cavallo] might follow me.
deported to the Indian Territory west of the
“I then passed through the hole a suffiMississippi.
cient length of it to reach the ground upon the
He said that all these rooms have exterioutside (about 50 feet) in the ditch. I had calcuor windows, but archaeologists and historians
lated the distance when going for roots.”
have not been able to identify the exact room
Porter accredited Coacoochee with havfrom where Coacoochee made his famous
ing a “vivid imagination” and a “keen sense of
his own importance.”
“We have two possible rooms,” said
He wrote the escape from Fort Marion
Brehm. “Both are 35 ft. deep from the front wall
was a “brilliant display of courage, agility, and
to the back wall; 12 to 15 ft. wide from right to
ingenuity,” and that it was of considerable
left and 23 ft. high. The two rooms have one
importance to the subsequent history of the
really high window about 9 inches wide and 3 ½
“It released the one man capable of
In addition, the windows had bars.
assuming leadership over a significant number of
Sastre believes Coacoochee was able to remove
the Seminoles and reviving the waning spirit of
the bars of his cell window because Coquina is
other chiefs, a man young, vigorous, intelligent,
easy to work with.
courageous, and with hereditary claims to chiefAccording to the Fort Marion report
taincy; neither the aged Philip, the indolent
made on Nov. 30, 1837, the day after
Micanopy, the sickly Jumper, the double dealing
Coacoochee’s escape, “one of the iron bars,
Coi Hajo, the weary Osceola, could have mainCoacoochee escape helped the Seminoles to greatest victory.
which formerly closed the aperture, was
tained the struggle for more than three years
removed, and the Indians descended into the
longer with the ability and tenacity displayed by
ditch by means of a line fastened to the remaining
Coacoochee,” wrote Porter for the Florida Historical
the fact his camp was taken in the early hours of the
day, pretty much by surprise.
But Coacoochee was not the only important
Porter concluded it is unlikely that without
“It was a moment of breathless suspense,”
leader held at Fort Marion.
the flight from Fort Marion, the Battle of Okeechobee
wrote Motte, about the capture of Uchee Billie. Once
Brehm says during the Second Seminole
would ever have been fought, inasmuch as two of the
the signal was given, “a hundred impatient men
War, the U.S. Government held hundreds of
four principal commanders — Coacoochee and John
jumped simultaneously from their crouching posture
Seminoles prisoners in Fort Marion while awaiting
Cavallo — were former prisoners.
in the grass; and with a shout charged forward at full
John Cavallo, also known as Gopher John,
“Osceola, King Phillip, Uchee Billy and
surrendered in April 1838. Coacoochee continued
“The Indians, most of them covered with
Micanopy were among the most note worthy prisonfighting until 1841.
war-paint; some of them still naked or half clad with
ers,” said Brehm, adding that the imprisonment of
Steele says that Coacoochee followed him,
‘hunting skirts,’ started yelling their war-whoop and
Osceola ranks along with Coacoochee’s escape as the firing their riffles. But, despite the resistance, the
but that after being transported to the Indian Territory,
most important events that occurred within the
he led several hundreds of his people to Mexico.
whole party of Indians was rounded and captured.
boundaries of the fortress during the Seminole Wars.
“Coacoochee became a colonel in the
Uchee Billy’s brother was among the captives.”
According to Patricia Wickman, the author
Mexican Army and the Seminoles who went with him
They were all taken to the prison of Fort
of Osceola’s Legacy, the Indian leader Osceola was
ended up fighting the Comanches,” said Steele. “He
Marion, where Uchee Billy died on Nov. 25, 1837.
captured under a flag of truce south of the St.
returned to the Indian reservation to try to get more
Micanopy, according to Sprague, was the
Augustine vicinity. Osceola was taken to Fort
people to go to Mexico, but the reservation police did
nephew of King Payne and the legitimate head chief
Marion, where he remained just after Coacoochee’s
not allow him. They put about 300 men to watch him
of the Seminoles. Micanopy, who had ascended to
[Coacoochee] and make sure he would not influence
chief by hereditary right in 1814, was always
Wickman, who is also Director of the
anyone to go to Mexico,” said Steele.
opposed to emigration, but inclined to peace. At the
Seminole Tribe of Florida’s Anthropology &
According to Porter, Coacoochee established
time of the Second Seminole War, he was about 50
Genealogy Department, concluded that as a result of
a military colony in the Santa Rosa Mountains of
and described by his contemporaries as fat and lazy.
Coacoochee’s escape, Gen. Thomas Jesup, the comMexico. Upon Coacoochee’s death from smallpox in
It has been said that the younger and more
1857 his people returned to the United States.
However, there is a significant chance that
descendants of the Seminole people may still reside
Historian Cecile-Marie Sastre says Fort
Marion was deactivated almost 50 years after
“The fort was active up until the Spanish
American War in 1898,” said Sastre. “But it was
demilitarized in 1900.”
Sastre said that during the Spanish
American War the fort served again as a prison, but
that as far as the records go, no other prisoner ever
escaped from its cells.
Fort Marion also served during the Civil
War (1861 – 1865), being in Union hands for the
majority of the conflict. After demilitarization, Fort
Marion was made a national monument in 1924 and
became part of the National Park system in 1933.
The Park ranger Joseph Brehm, says that
the 25-acre park located in downtown St. Augustine
attracts hundreds of people from all over the world.
“We had 668,000 last year,” said Brehm,
adding that in 1995, about 958,000 people visited
the park. Brehm says that although the park holds
different historical and informative programs for the
visitors, no Seminole Historical program – except
for a display — has been included in the schedule.
Aerial photograph shows the fort that was the last place in Florida that Osceola was to ever see.
“We are trying to address the Seminole
period, but we don’t have that many people asking
mander of Florida, “determined to transfer the prison- radical warriors, such as Osceola and Coacoochee,
about Seminole history,” said Brehm. “I think it’s not
ers to a position where they might be more securely
forced Micanopy into hostilities. Contrary to
that well known that this fort was used to help fight
held until transportation was available to Indian
Micanopy, according to Porter’s description,
the Seminole Wars.”
Territory in the West.”
Coacoochee was considered one of the most dangerSastre says that the Castillo currently lacks
Osceola was then transferred to Fort
ous chieftains in the field. Rather slim and agile as a
a historian and that not much research on Seminole
Moultrie in South Carolina where he died on Jan. 30,
deer, “he was attractive in appearance.”
history has been done throughout the years of the
Historian Bill Steele said Coacoochee was
King Phillip, Uchee Billy and their respecreferred by army officials as the “Napoleon” of the
“We don’t have much information on the
Seminole history because not much research on that
tive bands were also captured within the vicinity of
“The army just loved him,” said Steele.
period has been done,” he says. “St. Augustine was
St. Augustine — south of the modern city. On the
the depot for the army and the capital of the coastal
first days of September 1937, both leaders were taken “Coacoochee was a handsome guy; an amazing indicity. There were always ships coming in and out and
in irons to the dungeons of Fort Marion, where Uchee vidual, about 5 feet 8 inches tall. He was born in
Ahapopka, Florida in 1807 and at the beginning of
this is a historical place. For the benefit of history and
Billy died a few months after his capture.
the war, he had occupied the Fort Pierce area.”
Florida itself, the park should get a historian,” said
Uchee Billy or Billy Hicks, the son of the
In addition, Steele says that Coacoochee was Sastre.
old Hicks, was the chief of a band of Uchee warriors
not only a great warrior but also a great “story teller.”
The Castillo de San Marcos National
residing in the Spring Garden area.
Many historians have told the tale of
Monument is open to the public from 8:45 a.m. to
In December 1837, The Floridian, a local
4:45 p.m. every day of the year except Christmas
publication that circulated during the period, reported Coacoochee’s escape and it certainly appears in
almost every Seminole history book. But what is
that at the beginning of the Seminole Wars, Uchee
To get to the park, from I-95 take the exit for
Billy had gone into the Creek Nation and had brought remarkable about this tale is that Coacoochee initially
told it himself.
St. Augustine Historic Sites and Downtown (Exit 95,
back to Florida about 100 men of his Tribe.
Indeed, accounts of the escape in John
Route 16). Follow Rt. 16 to U.S. 1. Turn right on
Upon his return to Florida, he had joined
Sprague’s The Florida War come from Coacoochee
U.S. 1 for two miles to Castillo drive. Turn left on
Chief King Phillip, making Volusia and the vicinity
Castillo to traffic light. Turn right at the light. The
the scene of his hostilities. King Phillip, known to the himself, not from one of his followers or a military
Castillo and parking are ahead on the left.
Indians as Emathla, was the father of Coacoochee and official.
In his history of the Florida War, Sprague
For more information, call (904) 829-6506
the principal chief of the Indians east of the St. Johns
quotes Coacoochee’s narrative in great detail.
(Ext. 227 or 234).
“…we had been growing sickly from day to
Next: Fort Foster.
Phillip was the brother in law of Micanopy,
day, and we resolved to make our escape, or die in
the head chief of the Seminoles, and ranked high in
the attempt,” Coacoochee told his people several
the Seminole councils.
years after the event.
Brevet Captain, Eight Regiment U.S.
The Seminole Tribune
July 7, 2000
Indian Youth Program
The members and staff of the Florida Governor’s Council on
Indian Affairs, Inc. would like to thank the members of the Seminole
and Miccosukee Tribes listed below who have participated in the Florida
Indian Youth Program during the past 20 years as students and counselors.
If your name belongs on this list and it is not there, or we have
spelled your names incorrectly, please give us a call at 1-800-322-9186.
Edward Aguilar, Elaine Aguilar, Michele Aguilar, Pedro A. Aguilar Jr., Shelia Aguilar, April Baker,
Charlene Baker, Cleve Baker, Neil Baxley, Reese Bert, Adam Billie, Alice Billie, Alice M. Billie, B.J. Billie,
Charles H. Billie, Charles H. Billie, Chawndra Billie, Cheyenne Billie, Christina Billie, Christina A. Billie,
Ciara Billie, Ciara D. Billie, Clinton Billie, Cynthia Billie, Eldean J. Billie, Evangelina S. Billie, Jana Billie,
Jason Billie, Jason Don Billie, Jennifer L. Billie.
Jessica Billie, Leroy Billie, Margie Billie, Melissa Billie, Polly Billie, Rachel Billie, Rebecca Billie,
Richard D. Billie, Tammy L. Billie, Tammy L. Billie, Charilee Bowers, Clarissa Bowers, Elrod Bowers,
Evylyn Bowers, Leah Bowers, Lizina Bowers, Lucy Bowers, Paula Bowers, Pauletta Bowers, Philmon
Bowers, Reina Bowers, Rosetta Bowers, Toahooke Bowers, Trudy Bowers, Wendi E. Bowers, Alvin Bowers,
Jr., Andy Buster, Christopher Buster.
Diane Buster, Erin Dawn Cornelius, Errol Cornelius, Errol Cornelius, Andrea Cypress, Anthony L.
Cypress, Cathy Cypress, Charley Cypress, David R. Cypress, Devin Cypress, Eileen Cypress, Eric Cypress,
Eugenia G. Cypress, Gail L. Cypress, Houston Cypress, Jason Cypress, Jonah Cypress, Leo Anthony
Cypress, Marcia Cypress, Monica Cypress, Nanette Cypress, Patrick Cypress, Shelli Faye Cypress, Talbert
Cypress, Theodore Cypress, William Cypress, Micki Diaz, Resha Doctor, Rhonda Doctor, Dyle Doney,
Camilla Frank, Joel M. Frank Jr., Robert B. Frank.
Lesley L. Garcia, Virgina Garcia, Mary Ella Gercak, Charlotte W. Gopher, Craig D. Gopher, Esther
Gopher, Johnanna Gopher, Melissa Gopher, Melissa Gopher, Mura Ellen Gopher, Mura Ellen Gopher, Rita
Jayne Gopher, Claudia Gore, Remus Griffin, Tara Hahn, Cherelee Hall, Diane Dede Hall, Roxie Elana
Harjo, Rosie Elana Harjo, Connie M. Haught, Mable Haught, Rita M. Haught, Angela C. Holdiness.
Jimmy Wayne Holdiness, James Holt, Crystal Huff, Jimi lu Huff, John Huff Jr., Sam Eric Huff,
Waylon Huff, Kelvin Huggins, Marilyn Huggins, Savannah Huggins, Amber Jim, Tina Jim, Tina Jim, Helena
Jimmie, Jesse Joe Jimmie, Joletta John, Shawn S. John, Alexander P. Johns, JoLeigh Johns, Marlene Johns,
Spencer Johnson, Dania Jones, Daryl Jones, Joyce Jones, Patrick Jones.
Stacy M. Jones, Victoria M. Josh, Thomasine J. Jumper, Andre Jumper, Avalon Jumper, Cathy Myra
Jumper, Corey T. Jumper, John Jumper, Louvella Jumper, Eunice Jumper, Mary Jumper, Sherrie Jumper,
Wildcat Naha Jumper, Yvette Jumper, Lindsey King, Toi Koenes, Maggie Lara, Betty Ann Larkins, Michele
Madrigal, Toni Martinez, Donalda McDuffie, Allen Ray McInturff, Gary K. McInturff, Nancy McInturff, Joey
Micco, Mary Jo Micco, Michael Micco.
Franklin Moore Jr., David H. Motlow Jr., Gale Motlow, Norita Motlow, Thomasine Motlow, Vince
Motlow, Josephine M. North, Alice Nunez, Dallas Nunez, Daniel Nunez, Dyan Noella Nunez, Lesley D.
Nunez, Noella Nunez, Theresa Nunez, Allison Osceola, Anthony Osceola, Anthony L. Osceola, Billie
Osceola, Brenda Scott Osceola, Carl J. Osceola, Cicero Q. Osceola, Dean Osceola, Eteau Huggins Osceola,
Everett Willie Osceola, Geraldine Osceola, Glen Osceola.
Guy Osceola Jr., Ida Osceola, Jacki Osceola, Jacob Osceola Jr., Jamie R. Osceola, Janelle
Osceola, Jennifer L. Osceola, Jimmy Osceola, Karie Osceola, Keith K. Osceola, Kim Osceola, Lea Osceola,
Leane Jo Osceola, Louise G. Osceola, Rena Adam Osceola, Richard Lyle Osceola, Rodney Osceola, Shawn
Osceola, Veldna L. Osceola, Wayne N. Osceola, Wild Bill Osceola, William Osceola, Emily Osceola-Branch,
Chris Plunkett, Christopher Plunkett, Timi Cherie Reynolds, Seth Robbins, Tara Robbins, Genell
Roberts, Leona Roberts, Corina Russell, Jesse Sanchez, Ralph Sanchez, Tony Sanchez, Beverly Shore,
Camelia Lynn Smith, Dana Smith, Edie Smith, Jahna Smith, Joni Smith, Paulette Smith, Roger Smith, Toni
Smith, Crystal Sneed, Sheree Sneed, Davey Snow, Roy Snow, Valerie Snow.
Antillis Stockton, Kassim Stockton, Kassim A. Stockton, La’shara Stockton, Onesimus Stockton,
Jacob V. storm, Jamenia Thomas, Latoyia Thomas, Dustin Tiger, Glenn Tiger, Holly Tiger, Melissa r. Tiger,
Duane M. Tigertail, Malcolm Tigertail, Marina Rene Tigertail, Shavonta Timothy, Tirell Timothy, Alexander
Tommie, Alexandra Tommie, Arlene Tommie, Brenda Lee Tommie, Catherine J. Tommie, Ebony Tommie,
Janithina V. Tommie, Kenny Tommie, O’Hara M. Tommie.
Madeline Tongkeamha, LaDonna A. Tucker, Amy Johns Waldron, Gordon Wareham, Cory Wilcox,
Jeffrey Willie, Paladine Willie, Megan Yescas, Ryan Yescas, Bryan K. Youngblood, Suraiya Youngblood,
Brian M. Zepeda, Douglas Zepeda, Douglas C. Zepeda, Lee Zepeda Jr., Pedro Zepeda.
The Seminole Tribune
July 7, 2000
Bobby Henry, Seminole Rain Dancer
By T.R. Benn
grow all living things are as one. When it come to
TAMPA — Local meteorologist, Roger
their need for water. Water is needed to sustain life.
Shulman from 107 FM seeking to help put an end to
The cattle and wild life need water for the grass to
the unusual drought, and called up Seminole medigrow so they can eat the grass and become food for
cine man Bobby Henry to do a rain dance.
man. The crops need water and rain so they can grow
Shulman had witnessed
to feed man and animals to
medicine man, Bobby Henry’s
keep them healthy.” Bobby
rain dance on Hillsborough’s
Court House steps in 1985 when
“My uncle taught me the
within 15 minutes after his
rain dance. I stand by the chicdance, a tremendous lightening
kee pole and shake the shakers,
and thunderstorm appeared out
then use my long shirt to pull
of no where.
the rain towards me or where
Two years ago with
ever the rain is needed. I sit by
North Eastern Central Florida
the chickee pole and ask again,
aburn, Ms. Celine Tessor WGNE
telling the Breath Giver why
98FM, Daytona called upon
the rain is important. Then I
Bobby Henry for his services.
shake the shakers again and use
Henry drove to Daytona and permy long shirt to bring the rain
formed his traditional rain dance
and water closer.”
and rain came with – too much
The rain will come, it may
lightening! “You can’t please
be in four hours, four days, or
everyone” quoted Henry.
in four weeks but it will come.
Armed with shakers and
Four days after Bobby danced
a long shirt, the medicine man
his rain dance we received the
went to work. Chanting and
first rain we’d had in moths.
using his shakers he asked the
A Brighton resident told
Breath Giver for some relief
me that, “One time Bobby
from this unseasonable hot and
Henry did his rain dance, he
brought in five hurricanes.” I
“I asked for some rain
asked Bobby about that statefor the wild animals in the
ment and Bobby laughed and
woods. I asked for rain for the
said “Sometimes you have to
crops, for the cattle and grass.
be careful how and what you
Bobby Henry makes it rain again.
All things need water to live and
Continued from page 1
half-white — she had a difficult time fitting in. She
was too white to fit in the Indian community and too
Indian to fit in the white communities.
Besides, at that time, half-breed children were considered bad luck for the Tribal people and half-breed
babies were routinely put to death. Although Betty
Mae escaped from the hands that threatened her, she
writes that she grew up feeling rejected. She writes
that many children would mistreat her and call her
But Betty decided to grow strong and determined to make a difference rather than stay bitter and
resentful. She found the strength to fight and survive
in Jesus’ words.
“As I came to understand Christianity, I
learned that love is much more powerful than hate
and can displace it,” writes Betty Mae. “The journey
towards that understanding started on a hot day in the
early summer of 1936.”
A few years after the arrival of Minister
Willie King from Oklahoma – he left the Hollywood
Reservation to take God’s words to the Cow Creek
Indians at Okeechobee — a school bus carrying a few
Christians arrived at the Hollywood Reservation.
They were there to invite some of the
Seminole Indians to Oklahoma for two months of
church meetings and learning. Betty Mae, her mother
and uncle were among the group of Seminoles who
chose to go. It was a trip that was to have a profound
impact on the young woman who would one day head
the Seminole Tribe.
Betty says that’s when she began to learn of
a young man named Jesus, who was persecuted but
“turned the hatred that was hurled at him to a love for
She returned from Oklahoma changed into a
new person and from then she continued her life committed to spread Jesus’ message of sacrifice and love.
“I offer to you, my reader, the lessons of
peace and strength that have transformed my life.
Open your hearts and minds to receive the light and
In 1997, Betty Mae, who has also authored
Legends of the Seminoles, won the first Lifetime
Achievement Award ever presented by the Native
American Journalists Association.
She was named Woman of the Year by the
Jewish Women’s Defense League, Pioneer Woman’
by the City of Dania and has been awarded with the
1994 Florida Department of State Folklife Heritage
She has also been awarded an honorary
Doctorate of Humane Letters degree from Florida
State University and in 1995 was inducted into the
Florida Women’s Hall of Fame.
“This is a fine book that captures the feeling
of a time when the Native Americans were going
through a tremendous amount of change,” said Rev.
Payne. “This book captures the struggles and the faith
it took to convert to a new religion. It’s a very inspiring book.”
…And with the Wagon Came God’s Word was first
published in 1985. It was soon out of print. The
newest version has been re-edited and republished
with new drawings and photographs. Both of her
books can be purchased at the Seminole Tribe’s web
page at www.seminoletribe.com.
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The Seminole Tribune
July 7, 2000
SNEAK ATTACK: New Age Spoiler pounds Gator John for insulting his profession.
NEW AGE WATER TORTURE: Spoiler tosses stunned Gator John into swamp.
START OF BAD BLOOD: Gator John asnwers innocent question on wrestling.
By Libby Blake
BIG CYPRESS — During filming of an alligator demonstration June 26
at Billie Swamp Safari, professional
wrestler New Age Spoiler and his manager, Vicious Vinnie, took offense at a comment made by Gator John and attacked.
Gator John, who was in the
midst of a talk about the perils of alligator
wrestling with a group of school children
for a Seminole Broadcasting special, was
taken by surprise by the Florida
John was explaining, in response
to a question from one of the children, the
increased danger involved in wrestling
alligators as opposed to the “minor”
chance of injury in championship
Vicious Vinnie and the New Age
Spoiler, who were at the Safari finalizing
contracts with Jack Gorton for the Big
Cypress Snackdown July 15, overheard
the comments and confronted Gator John.
A verbal battle ensued and ended
with the Spoiler, abetted by Vinnie, physically thrashing Gator John and tossing his
body into the swamp. While John was in
the water, the legendary Skunk Ape, who
had witnessed the struggle from the reeds,
actually came forward and protected
Gator from drowning. The Skunk Ape,
which normally shuns human contact,
brought the semi-conscious John to the
Raiford Starke, who was at the
Shack seeking inspiration for a new
mega-hit song, rushed to aid the injured
John. Just as Gator John was coming
around, the Spoiler and Vinnie came by
in a canoe. The Skunk Ape and Starke
had to hold a struggling John back as the
wrestlers continued to hurl insults.
“If I lose my match against
Gomez (wrestler Joe Gomez, who is coincidentally managed by Gator), Vinnie will
wrestle an alligator,” shouted the Spoiler
as he and Vinnie paddled away.
Watch the Seminole
Broadcasting channel for complete coverage of the confrontation and be at the Big
Cypress Gym on July 15 for the
Snackdown as Vicious Vinnie, the New
Age Spoiler, Gator John, and Raiford
Starke face off in a man vs. reptile match.
Also check out the new Raiford
Starke hit single “The Legend of Gator
John,” available soon on Swamp Records.
TAG TEAM RESCUE: Skunk Ape and Raiford Starke carry Gator to safety.
New Age Spoiler
Attacks Gator John
RAIFORD’S RHAPSODY: Starke wonders if Skunk Ape would be good roommate.
The Seminole Tribune
July 7, 2000
By T.R. Benn
BRIGHTON — Keyah the name and roundball
is her game.
Keyah Osceola, 12, has been playing basketball
since she could walk, with her dad Kevin Osceola as her
mentor. Keyah proved that hard work, dedication and
determination does pay off as the young Seminole girl
was honored as Okeechobee’s Yearling Middle School
Athlete of the Year 2000.
When Keyah entered Yearling Middle School
last year, she was the first sixth grade student to start for
the Yearlings. She worked harder than ever, sharpening
and honing her skills on the basketball court.
This year for the first time in Yearling history,
the school awarded Keyah, now a seventh grader, the
prestigious Athlete of the Year trophy. She was also
named to the All Conference Team. Not being satisfied
with just outstanding basketball merits, Keyah picked up
another trophy for her efforts on the volleyball courts. In
that sport, she picked up the school’s Yearling Award.
Keyah’s goal is to someday play in the
Women’s Professional Basketball League.
“I want to thank my Dad for all he had done for
me, for always being there and to the Lord for the guidance throughout my life,” Keyah said.
Keyah’s science teacher, Mrs. Palmero, nominated the young Seminole from the student body of the
Yearling Middle School to participate in the United
States Achievement Academy National Awards Program.
Keyah was selected by the academy as an All-American
Scholar At Large, placing the young woman among the
top academically talented students in America.
The academy honors students for their hard
work and commitment to academic excellence. Keyah is
now eligible to compete for scholarship grants that only
All American scholar students can qualify for.
Keyah Osceola was named her school’s Athlete of the Year.
Pool Tourney Honors Edna Cypress
(L-R) David DeHass, Jarred Smith, Klye Jumper Clinton Holt, Garrett Anderson, Roy
Stewart ans Nick Jumper were part of crew that went to the Davie rodeo to perform.
Hollywood Cowboy Jarrid
Smith Wins Rodeo Event
By E. Tiger
DAVIE — Jarred Smith took first
place in the Junior Bull Division June 23, at
the Bergeron Rodeo Grounds in Davie.
Jarred, who is part of the Seminole
Tribe’s Junior Bull Riding Program on the
Hollywood Reservation, participated in the
Rodeo, the first the group has participated in
outside of the Seminole Arena. The rodeo
gave the Seminole Tribe’s cowboys and
cowgirls the chance to rope in some winning
money and possibly take place in a division.
David DeHass, Horse Club Manger
of the Summer Bull Riding Program,
brought seven of his youth to compete for
$100, which had been donated by Troy
Weekly, owner of stock contractor Five Star.
“It’s the first time Seminole youth
have participated in a rodeo outside of the
Seminole Arena, but we’re ready and hopefully well give the crowd a good show,” said
The Summer Bull Riding Program
started in 1994 under the guidance of Carl
Baxley and Moses Jumper.
“There were just a few youths participating in the summer youth program
when I first started in 1994 working,” said
DeHass. “Now the program rounds up 25 to
30 youths weekly.”
“The rodeo gave the youth and staff
officials a great show and the opportunity to
see youths their age participating in a sport
that was not known to them,” said
Hollywood resident Winifred Tiger, who
came to the show that morning to watch
Seminole youth compete. “This gives them
something they can relate to that is positive.”
The following are the results:
Bull Riding; 1st Jarrid Smith, 2nd
Garrett Anderson, 3rd Clinton Holt, 4th Roy
Stewart, 5th Nick Jumper, 6th Kiel Jumper.
Barrel Racing; Shadoe Billie, 18 Seconds.
EIRA Rodeo Results
By Libby Blake
IMMOKALEE — The
4th Annual Edna Mae Cypress Pool
Tournament was held June 17 at
Andy’s Place in Immokalee. Edna’s
brothers, Mitchell and David
Cypress, and Delores Jumper,
Immokalee Board Rep., co-sponsored the event.
Double elimination 8-ball
contests were held in both men’s
and women’s divisions. The open
tournament drew seven women and
17 men to compete for $2,000 in
prize monies. The top three finishers in each division also received
Winners were as follows:
Women: 1st place – Libby Blake,
2nd place – Maria Billie, 3rd place
– Esther Buster, 4th place – Dale
Grasshopper, 5th place – Gina Pina.
Men: 1st place – George
Grasshopper, 2nd place – Abel
Salgado, 3rd place – Ralph
Sanchez, 4th place – Manuel Garza,
5th place – Mario Posada.
Keyah Osceola Named Athlete Of The Year
WHAT’S UP: Delores Jumper asks, “I got my trophy, where’s my cash?”
Deadline Tuesday, July 25th, 2000
Miss Seminole contestants must be 18
years of age by November 30, 2000.
Jr. Miss Seminole contestants must be 12
years of age by August 12, 2000.
Application must be accompanied with
report card 3x5 color picture and a 300 word
Any young ladies interested in trying out for
the titles may pick up applications at any trib
al offices or call the Chairman s office in
Hollywood for more information at ext. 1410.
The following are the results of the
Eastern Indian Rodeo Association Big
Cypress Rodeo held June 10.
Bare Back Riding- Alex Johns, 64,
10 points. Steer Wrestling- Robbie Chalfant,
9.8, 10 points. Josh Jumper, 11.8, 9 points.
Marty Johns, 27.2, 8 points. Calf RopingNaha Jumper, 12.4, 10 points. Josh Jumper,
14.0, 9 points. Saddle Bronc Riding- No
Team Roping- Sidney Gore and
Billie Tiger, 9.6, 10 points. Marty Johns and
Shaun John, 13.9, 9 points. Billy Joe Johns
and Robbie Chalfant, 15.3, 8 points. Cicero
Osceola and Rudy Osceola, 16.3, 7 points.
Women’s Barrel Racing- Tess Ducheneaux,
17.40, 10 points. Bonita Osceola, 18.20, 9
points. Holly “Scooter” Johns, 18.40, 8
points. Women’s Break Away- Billie Tiger,
5.1, 10 points. Bull Riding- Justin Gopher,
70, 10 points. All Around- Billie Tiger, 20
Muttin Bustin- Jonathan Robbins,
10.7. Jamie Gonzalez, 6.6. Nauthkee Henry,
4.8 . Calf Riding- Ethan Gopher, 61. Randel
Osecola, 2.86. Roy Stewart, 2.59.
Beginners Barrels- Nauthkee Henry, 19.505.
Sheyanna Osceola, 19.770. Morningstar
50 and Over Break Away- Moses
Jumper, Jr., 5.8 seconds. Novice BarrelsReba Osceola, 18.57. Leanna Billie, 21.59.
Junior Bull Riding- Clinton Holt, 71. Wilson
Bowers, 63. Jarrid Smith, 61.
Total Points Per Event:
Saddle Bronc Riding: Jay Louis 30;
Shawn Best 19; Robert Simpson 19; Robert
Youngblood 17; Sidney Gore 9; Travis
Nanaeto 8. Women’s Barrel Racing- Holly
Johns 50; Jo Leigh Johns 41.5; Tess
Ducheneaux 40; Emma Johns 38.5; Ayze
Henry 17; Trina Bowers 10; Clarissa
Bowers 10; Bonita Osceola 9; Lisa Osceola
8; Brenda Youngblood 7.
Bare Back Riding- Alex Johns 49;
Shawn Best 20; Adam Turtle 17; Hank
Winnier 9; Robert Simpson 9; Michael
Henry 8. Steer Wrestling- Sidney Gore 35;
Naha Jumper 33; Josh Junmper 33; Marty
Johns 25; Robbie Chalfant 20; Howard
Edmundson 19; Jason Grasshopper 18;
Brandon Wright 17; Corbin Warren 9; Jeff
Women’s Break Away RopingBillie Tiger 60; Jo Leigh Johns 18; Bull
Riding- Justin Gopher 20; Shawn Best 19;
Hank Winier 10; Austin Billie 9; Adam
Turtle 7.5; Travis Nanaeto 7.5. Team Roping
Headers- Marty Johns 37; Cicero Osceola
31; Howard Edmundson 28; Moses Jumper
26; Josh Jumper 19; Sidney Gore 19; Billy
Jo Johns 15; Justin Gopher 8; Alfonso
Tigertail 8; Jeff Johns 8; Parker Jones 7;
Hank Winnier 7.
Team Roping Heelers- Shaun Johns
37; Naha Jumper 34; Brandon Wright 28;
Rudy Osceola 23; Billie Tiger 19; Jason
Grasshopper 18; Sampson Gopher 16;
Robbie Chalfant 15; Happy Jumper 10;
Corbin Warren 8; Jay Louis 8; todd Johns 8;
Norman Johns 8; robert Simpson 7.
Men’s Calf Roping- Naha Jumper
39.5; Marty Johns 35; Corbin Warren 30;
Josh Jumper 27; Howard Edmundson 26;
Brandon Wright 9; Happy Jumper 16.5;
Billy Joe Johns 8.
Junior Rodeo Series Standings
Muttin Bustin- Colby Strickland,
19.37, 10 points. Nauthkee Henry, 10.3, 9
points. Jamie Gonzalez, 6.65, 8 points.
Kevin Hipp, 2.56, 7 points. Kelton Smedley,
13 seconds, 6 points. Dummy Calf RopingKevin Hipp, 3 catches, 10 points.
Calf Riding- Randel Osceola, 4.46,
10 points. Ethan Gopher, 3.94, 9 points.
Dayne Johns, 3.19, 8 points. William
Corona, 3.03, 7 points. Roy Stewart, 2.06, 6
points. Chebon Gooden, 10.6, 5 points.
Junior Steer Undecorating- Reba Osceola,
3.90, 10 points.
Senior Steer Undecorating- Cody
Gornto, 1.65, 10 points. Benny Hernandez,
2.60, 9 points. Ayze Henry, 9.59, 8 points.
Wild Pony Riding- Buckshot Morrison, 61,
10 points. William Corona, 59, 9 points.
Reed Hair, 3.90, 8 points. Roy Stewart, 3.71,
7 points. Jonathan Torres, 3.41, 6 points.
Frank Garcia, 2.38, 5 points. Jerome Davis,
2.34, 4 points.
Junior Break Away- Dayne Johns,
21.49, 10 points. Jonathon Torres, 45.15, 9
points. Senior Break Away- Cody Gornto,
1.95, 10 points. Ben Mayworth, 2.22, 9
points. Cody Ariola, 6.27, 8 points. Trina
Bowers, 7.97, 7 points. Team RopingJoshua Torres and Clint P, 10.31, 10 points.
Ben Mayworth and Jimmy Kidwell, 12.40, 9
points. Benny Hernandez and Cody A,
31.72, 8 points.
Junior Goat Tying- Jonathan Torres,
20.66, 10 points. Dayne Johns, 32.06, 9
points. Randel Osceola, 33.60, 8 points.
Reba Osceola, 34.50, 7 points. Shelby
DeHass, 43.32, 6 points. Senior Goat TyingBen Mayworth, 12.57, 10 points. Stephanie
Sullivan, 13.53, 9 points. Frank Garcia,
17.47, 8 points. Carolyn Gonzalez, 17.54, 7
points. Jimmy Kidwell, 17.78, 6 points.
Joshua Torres, 19.47, 5 points. Shelby
Osceola, 20.23, 4 points. Cody Gornto,
29.14, 3 points. Trina Bowers, 30.82, 2
points. Ayze Henry, 34.06, 1 points.
Pee Wee Barrels- Nauthkee Henry,
30.187, 10 points. Junior Barrels- Sheyanna
Osceola, 21.045, 10 points. Morning Star
Webster, 21.098, 9 points. Her sister,
21.241, 8 points. Shelby Dehass, 25.229, 7
points. Dayne Johns, 26.635, 6 points.
Shorty Ulrici, 39.182, 5 points. Reba
Osceola, 24.039, 4 points. Jonathan Torres
33.382, 3 points.
Senior Barrels- Jennifer Deveaugh,
18.471, 10 points. Trina Bowers, 18.582, 9
points. Ayze Henry, 18.589, 8 points. Kari
Kroeplin, 18.802, 7 points. Ashley Hair,
18.972, 6 points. Jessica Alvarez, 19.737, 5
points. Shelby Osceola, 19.756, 4 points.
April Billie, 20.873, 3 points. Joshua Torres,
22.347, 2 points. Victoria Hernandez,
23.123, 1 point.
Junior Bull Riding- Wilson Bowers,
69, 10 points. Jerome Davis, 60, 9 points.
Joshua Gray, 3.38, 8 points. Zachary Billie,
3.15, 7 points. Buckshot Morrison, 2.58, 6
The Seminole Tribune
July 7, 2000
Brighton Athletes Honored
track history and the 4th greatest race of all time. Mills said at
the time he was ranked 8th in the world but wasn’t ranked at all
Mills said throughout school and college, he was
mostly referred to as ‘that Indian guy.’ He struggled with his
identity and what it meant to be a young Indian athlete. He
related to the Seminole youth the values that participation in
sports imparts and how those values transcend racial and other
Mills delivered a powerful message to the youth about
having faith in one’s self, aspiring to learning and higher education, never quitting, helping others, and being ever mindful
of the ‘warrior’ nature inherent in all native people. Mills’
accomplishment include the American Hero Award, Sports
Illustrated Athlete of the Century (State of South Dakota),
Induction into National Distance Running Hall of Fame and
the World Sports Humanitarian Hall of Fame and the 1984
motion picture about his life, Running Brave.
Mills has also raised millions of dollars which have
been disbursed across the globe for improving the quality of
life of the less fortunate.
After his speech, John Wayne Huff announced a new
honor, the Seminole Sports Legends, where well known
Seminole athletes from the past would receive plaques for their
outstanding contribution to sports.
This year the honors went to Russell Osceola, Cecil
Johns, and Eddie Shore, all outstanding athletes in their high
school days during the latter 50s and early 60s. During the special dedication, Johnny Mack Kinsaul, who coached these men
in their youth, shared some stories with the audience about
“Cecil Johns told me that he started out as a water
boy,” said Kinsaul. “One day the team ran short on players and
they drafted him on the spot thus beginning an illustrious high
(Back to front)Russell Osceola, Johnny Mack Kinsaul, Eddie Shore
school sports career.”
and Cecil Johns gather together to recall their sporting careers.
Johns played for coach Jim Young who said Johns,
winning the 10,000-meter run with a stunning come-from-behind-finish
“had the smoothest gait of any athlete he had ever seen. When
that made him a national treasure. Mills, became the first and only
he ran it was natural.”
Athlete Billy Mills shown in his shocking victory in the 1964 Olympics.
America to win gold in the men’s 10,000-meter run.
Kinsaul said Johns was injured during the 53-54 seaAn unknown heading into the 10,000 meters in Tokyo in 1964,
son, but not before the team had won the first five matches of
Coaches: Elton Shore, Dallas Nunez, Jeff Johns, Preston Baker,
Mills bolted past Mohammed Gammoudi and world record holder Ron
the year. Johns was a class officer and president of the ‘O’ club during
Matthew Gopher, Pernell Bert. Team Mom: Linda Tommie.
Clarke on the final lap to win the gold medal. Mills’ winning time of
the 1953-54 school year and was voted All Conference (Tamiami). In
Football: Marcus Robinson, Jacob Robinson, Steel Gopher,
addition, Johns was voted most athletic
Joshua Girtman, Clint Girtman, Seth Randolph, Travores Moss, Pete
54-55. Kinsaul said Johns set high stanHahn, Andrew Bowers.
dards for everyone to follow, academicalBowling: James Girtman, Avalon Jumper, Kerwin Miller,
ly as well as athletic.
Joshua Girtman, Mary Huff, Adam Osceola, Alyssa Willie, Hilliard
Kinsaul described Eddie Shore
Gopher, Erin White, Shaun Billie, Troy Billie, Wesley Bishop, Marcus
as a quiet, steady, and dependable athlete
Robinson, Eric Robinson, Ashton Baxley, Destiny Nunez, Alicia Nunez,
who led by example. “He is the kind of
Terence Billie, Kristina Osceola, Melanie Jones, Sheila Jones, Minnie
guy you wouldn’t mind sharing a foxhole Osceola, William Bearden, Brandon Billie, Erena Billie, Patty Snow.
with,” said Kinsaul. Shore played football
YABA Coordinators: Hosea Girtman, Denise Girtman.
and basketball for Okeechobee from
Softball: D’Anna Osceola, Mary Huff, Josie Snow, Nikki Osceola.
1957-1960. He was chosen most athletic
Wrestling: Jacob Robinson, Pete Hahn. Coach: Jeff Robinson.
during the 1959-60 school year. Kinsaul
Volleyball: Holly Johns, Danette Bowers, Keyah Osceola,
added Shore was also very popular in
D’Anna Osceola. Soccer: Stephanie Johns, Danette Bowers. Track &
Field: Stephanie Johns, Garrett Madrigal, Jordan Jones, Jacoby Johns,
Russell Osceola played football,
Erin Willie, Hilliard Gopher.
baseball, basketball, and track for
Basketball: Shyla Jones, Melanie Jones, Megan Jones, Brittany
Okeechobee in the early 60s. He was
Smith, Audrey Snow, Keyah Osceola, Lysandra Osceola, Steel Gopher,
voted All Conference for football.
Jacob Robinson, Zina Simmons, Travores Moss, Andrew Bowers,
“He was a real standout and the
Johnny Jones, Brian Arledge. Basketball Coaches: Kevin Osceola,
other teams would try and gear their
Emma Jane Urbina.
defense just for Russell,” said Kinsaul.
Golf: Kyle Doney. Motor Cross: Christian Buck, Farrah Lytle.
“He was an all around athlete.” Osceola
Rodeo: Reba Osceola, Dayne Johns, Randel Osceola, Seth
also pitched one of, if not the first no hit- Randolph, Jacoby Johns, Mary Huff, Jade Braswell, Justin Aldridge,
(Back to front) Kerwin Miller, Steele Gopher, Amber Craig, Keyha Osceola, Lysandra Osceola,
ter baseball games in Okeechobee history. Ethan Gopher, Nathan Gopher, Taylor Johns, Merilee Johns, McKenzie
Garrett Madrigal, Jordan Jones, Mary Huff, D’Anna Osceola, Danette Bowers, Ethan Gopher
Other recipients of awards
Johns, Kari Kroeplin, Holly Johns, Trina Bowers, Jared Smith.
Jacob Robinson, Jacoby Johns, Marshall Tommie, Austin Fisher, Tommie Jackson, Joshua Johns,
Tae Kwon Do: Amber Craig, Pierson Hunsinger. Baseball:
Melanie Jones, Justin Aldridge, Hilliard Gopher.
T-Ball: Joseph John, Stoney
Melanie Jones, Justin Aldridge, Clint Girtman, Jacoby Johns, Seth
Fish, Jaryaca Baker, Marshall Tommie,
Randolph, Cordy Jumper, Cordell Jumper, Jordan Jones, Hilliard
28:24.4 was approximately 46 seconds faster than his previous personal
Tommie Jackson, Paul Billie, Destiny Billie, Stevie Brantley, Randy
Gopher, Steel Gopher, James Girtman, Pete Hahn, Andrew Bowers.
best, and set an Olympic record.
Shore, Joshua Johns, Erena Billie, Maude Gopher, Janet Smith, Sheila
Baseball Coach: Johnny Jones.
Mills said his win has become known as the greatest upset in
Jones, Minnie Osceola, Wade Micco, Austin Fisher.
By Michael James
OKEECHOBEE — A group of approximately 250 athletes,
families and friends gathered at the Okeechobee KOA Banquet Room to
honor Brighton athletes on June 22.
Master of ceremonies Kevin Osceola gave the invocation and
introduced keynote speaker Billy Mills, a Lakota Sioux who earned a
gold medal in the 1964 Olympics in Tokyo.
Mills created one of the greatest upsets in Olympic history,
3 r d A n n u a l S u m m e r R e v iv a l 2 0 0 0
July 30, 2000 – August 11, 2000
Guest Evangelist: Rev. Clinton Sinclair of Beggs, Oklahoma
M.C. and music leader: Brian Redbarn and group
Pastor: Rev. Howard Micco
Assistant: Moses Jumper Jr.
Acting pastor: Joe Osceola.
Supper will begin at 5:30 p.m.
with services starting at 7:00 p.m.
Sharing the Gospel. God is Love. He Loves You!!
Sponsored by Big Cypress First Baptist Church and New Testament Baptist Church.
(954) 581 - 0416
(954) 581 - 8411
Fax:(954) 316 - 5003
and Art Gallery
5791 South State Road 7 (441)
Fort Lauderdale, Florida 33314
Joe Dan and Virginia Osceola
Joe Dan Osceola
Conver t your backg round
into a Native Wonderland
• CUSTOM MADE TIKIS
I sell Ford cars and trucks
If you are in the market for a new or used car
or truck, call or visit C.T. Smith at World Ford
- your friendly no hassle auto dealer.
• WOOD DECKING
• PATIOS & BARS
• NATIVE AMERICAN ARTIFACTS
64th Ave. and Josie Billie
Hollywood Seminole Reservation
CALL 954/581-8411 FOR
Call or visit C.T. Smith at World Ford
8655 Pines Blvd. • Pembroke Pines
(954) 443-7034 • pager (305) 732-5992
Chickee Baptist Church
Sunday Morning Worship 10:00 am
Sunday Evening Worship 6:00 am
Wednesday Prayer Meeting 7:00 pm
5791 S State Rd. 7 • Ft. Lauderdale, FL 33314
Rev Arlen Payne: Pastor
The Seminole Tribune
July 7, 2000
Bonita Osceola was host of youth conference.
Continued from page 1
to be fully paid up before receiving a new
Dividends were also increased to
$2,000 a month. The dividend increase “is
due to the cuts in budgets and expenditures,” said Director of Operations and
Compliance, Tim Cox. The increase is to
take place in October.
Other changes include:
*The designation of the
Councilmen as Reservation Managers, a
salaried position, for the Brighton, Big
Cypress, Hollywood, and Immokalee
*Pre-school programs will now
be under the control of each reservation.
*Council meetings will be held
every month, in the future twice a month,
and will be held, on a rotating basis, on
the Brighton, Big Cypress, and
President Mitchell Cypress questioned Tribal Counsel Jim Shore about the
proposed Dreamcatcher Resort, which
came before the Council on Feb. 27,
1998. At that time, businessman John G.
Warrior was directed to work with Shore
and Brighton Councilman Jack Smith Jr.
Cypress spoke of numerous
questions from Tribal members inquiring
about the resort and seeing a “newspaper
article that said they were going to break
ground in 30 days.” Cypress said
Dreamcatcher representatives seemed to
be “working with a group out in
Brighton” as well as the Glades County
Shore replied that Council had
approved nothing, and that although the
Dreamcatcher group had been told to
work with the Tribe’s legal department,
there has been no contact in the past two
Councilman Jack Smith Jr. stated
the Dreamcatcher representatives had not
been in contact with him or the committee, made up of Brighton community
members, to review the proposal. Smith
also said the Dreamcatcher group reportedly had a meeting with Okeechobee
Later in the meeting, when
deciding which reservation would be the
first to host the Tribal Council meeting,
Chairman Billie remarked, “We’ll go to
Brighton first, I heard there’s a
Dreamcatcher over there!”
The Council also:
*Approved the installation of
Class II gaming machines at Billie
Swamp Safari. Under the current situation, the machines may need to be accompanied by bingo. Therefore, the actual
installation will not begin until approval is
received from the gaming commission.
*Authorized negotiations to
finalize a contract with RacePark, USA. A
proposed NASCAR-themed amusement
park and restaurant on 14 acres in
Charlotte, N.C., the Tribe would have 40
percent ownership and hold title to the
property, which is 22 miles from the
Charlotte Motor Speedway.
*Terminated an agreement to
invest $1 million in the Native American
*Welcomed Grace Bunner,
Mekko of the Thlopthlocco Tribal Town
in central Oklahoma and Christie Fixico,
her Executive-Secretary. Bunner defines
Mekko as “King” in the Creek language.
Thlopthlocco is one of four tribal towns,
two are near Wetumka, in the Creek
Nation which is headquartered in
tive acts that may cause insecurity
in your child. They can appear in
various forms such as physical
emotion or verbal. Any and all of
these factors can cause a child to go
into a shell. Grades may decline, or
it may lead a child to rebel against
school entirely. Most generally
these acts occur away from responsible adults and the troublemakers
go unpunished. Watch for signs
within your own children and do
something positive about them for
the child’s welfare.
Good nutrition, adequate rest and
proper exercise all factor in the
equation of a well-rounded and
adjusted child. Breakfast is the most
important meal of the day. Make
the time to send your child off with
something in their stomach.
Get your child involved in
some type of organized sport such
as baseball, soccer, basketball or
horse back riding. Activities are
positive and constructive.
Culture was another topic
presented at the conference. It was
stressed that knowing your roots
and history helps children feel at
ease in the world.
The conference also highlighted
various careers. One of the best
received was David Billy, who is on
the Collier County Sheriff’s
Department SWAT Team. He had
all the youngster wanting to don
Youngsters will learn many lessons about running a cattle operation.
Youth Start Cattle Program
By T.R. Benn
BRIGHTON — Brighton’s
Youth Cattle Producers is a new program
established for young adults — still in
school — to promote agriculture in a
hands-on daily work related environment.
The participants would benefit knowing
the day to day routine and the knowledge
and understanding of what it takes to run
a small cattle operation. The course also
explains what chores have be done and in
what time for a successful cattle venture.
The program will be under the
Natural Resource Program and be supervised by Don Robertson and Brighton
Representative Alex Johns. A budget has
been set up that includes land participation, including planting grass, fertilizing,
and mowing. It also covers fencing, cul-
verts and gates, mineral boxes, and holding pens on the 200 acres allotted to the
“We hope the youth who participate will learn several lessons,” stated
Johns. “Getting the land prepared for the
project and maintaining it. The experience
of how a cow calf operation is run. And
they’ll learn the Tribal permitting process.
These factors will help them with their
own business activities in the future.”
If the program is successful, it
will be put in place on the other reservations.
“This will be a Pilot Program for
the Seminole Tribe as we hope to start
similar programs on the other reservations
in the near future,” said Don Robertson.
4Hers Calling All Steers
By T.R. Benn
Its time to start looking for your
4-H project steer for the 2001 Seminole 4H Steer Show and Sale. 4-H director
Polly Hayes is urging all members to be
By T. R. Benn
TAMPA — The annual
youth conference, hosted by Glenn
and Bonita Osceola for the Big
took place June 12 - 15 at the
Sheridan Four-Points Tampa.
“We had a few problems at
first, but nothing we couldn’t work
out,” said Bonita Osceola. “The
keynote speakers and program presenters did an outstanding job keeping everyone’s interest on the various topics discussed.”
This year’s general topic
was “Effective Communication
Skills,” and the show presented
ways to keep in touch with your
children and have them stay in tune
with you. It also gave ways to look
for tell tale signs of problems that
may be troubling your child and
ways to react them.
The presenters stressed
that communication does not have
to be verbal. Reactions sometimes
speak louder than words, and being
able to read your child can make all
the difference to their well being
both physically and mentally.
One of the greatest feelings to a child is knowing they can
come to you with any problem they
may incur. It lets children know
you are there for them, and your
children are loved.
Peer pressure bullying and
harassment are all forms of nega-
Youth Conference Aims At Communication
Youngsters will select steers like this.
looking for a quality steer that will weigh
between 600 and 700 pounds at weigh in.
Contact your local Seminole cattlemen and ask if they have in their herd a
steer that might work as a project animal.
Do not go into any pasture without the
cattle owners’ permission. Owners must
accompany you to the pastures.
Contact Don Robertson, Natural
Resource Director, or Board
Representatives for steers in the Board
Cattle Project whether on the Miccosukee
Land Lease, managed by Gary Raulerson
or the Parker Island Project supervised by
As in the past steers must come
from an independent Seminole Cattle
operator, or from the Board’s Cattle
Programs to be eligible for the 4-H program.
Someone You Know
May be serving an Illegal Sentence
1. Were they sentenced for a crime committed between 1995 and 1997?
2. Would they like a chance to be re-sentenced or released early?
3. Will friends or family help them hire a private lawyer to fight for them?
If so, recent developments in the law may permit them to to be re-sentenced for time served.
this means a lawyer may not be able to:
*Get them out:
* Shorten their sentence; or
* modify their sentence.
Call us for a free consultation! To help we will need:
* The data of the offense for which they were sentenced;
* Their date of birth;
*The correct spelling of their name;
* Where they were sentenced; and
* A copy of the disposition for the case under which they
are serving their sentence
Guy Seligman, P.A.
320 S.E. 9th Street
Fort Lauderdale, Fl. 33316
(954) 760-7600 • 1-800-760-7620
The hiring of a lawyer is an important decision that should not be based solely upon advertisement. Guy J.
Seligman worked as a Certified Legal Intern in both the State Attorney and Public Defenders offices in Broward
County; he has been in private practice for twelve years. He graduated from Nova Southeastern University Law
School in 1987. and was admitted to the Florida Bar in 1988. He is a member of the National Association of
Criminal Defense Attorneys. Adam Neidenberg is a former Assistant State Attorney for over two years. He graduated from hofstra University School of law in 1966 and was admitted to the Florida Bar in 1997. Together, both attorneys have defended thousands of criminal cases and concentrate on criminal defense representations.
The Seminole Tribune
July 7, 2000
Classified • Announcements
To the many friends and family who
assisted and/or visited us during our loss
– The family of Lottie Shore deeply
appreciates and gratefully acknowledges
your kind expression and sympathy.
Geneva, Eddie, Brown, Jim, Nancy, Mary
Jane, and Milly.
Dear Momma the pride & joy of my heart
To make you proud of me one time in my
life is my ultimate goal.
We would like to wish a Happy
Birthday to Mary E. Huff, who will be
10 years old on July 1. Also we would
like to congratulate her on making the
honor roll throughout the school year
and passing to the 5th grade; Placing at
the Seminole Elementary and
Countywide in Okeechobee at the 4-H
Tropicana Public Speaking Contest;
Making it to the All-star team in the
Girls Fastpitch softball on the Dixie
Angels league and winning at District and
going to State Competition on June 30,
2000. “Happy Birthday and Good Luck at
State.” Love, Mom, Dad, Jimi,
Grandma and the rest of the family.
We would like to wish a Happy
Birthday to Jimi Lu Huff on July 23,
who is also the 1999-2000 Seminole
Rodeo Queen. Love, Mom, Dad, Mary,
Grandma and the rest of the family.
Happy 1st B-Day Brady
Osceola Latchford, May 27. Love,
Mommy, Dad & Family.
Happy Birthday to my “Baby
Doll,” Chelsey Nicole Ford, who turned
two on July 3. Everyday, I thank God He
gave you to me to take care of. Everyday
you grow more and more into a beautiful
little girl and you fill my life with so
much joy and happiness. I remember the
day you came into this world. You were
so small and I cried with so much happiness, because I finally had my own “Baby
Doll.” I get to have the joy of seeing all
your first everything.
I was there to see you take your
first steps, I cried when you broke your
little arm and you had to have a cast on
for three weeks. I was there every night
when you couldn’t sleep and I would sing
you to sleep. I was there for you when
you were sick and all you wanted was for
Mommy to hold you. I was there when
you started to ride Ashley and you rode
her for your first horse show and won two
I love it when you call me Mom,
and you start talking and talking and I
have no clue as to what you are saying. I
love it when you give me your sweet little
kisses and hugs everyday and you say
“My Mommy.” No matter how much
time God lets me take care of you, I will
always be there for you and Mommy will
always love her sweet, little “Baby Doll.”
Happy Birthday to Vernon
Baker on July 22, from Janel & Isiah.
Happy Birthday to my Daddy
(Vernon). From your loving son Blake
Happy Birthday to Preston
Baker on July 18. From Vernon, Blake,
I’ve caused so much stress & pain
Do apologize, now I’ve gotten much older
As well as wise.
Tribal members and friends
gathered at the Seminole Fair Grounds to
celebrate the Sweet Sixteenth Birthday
of Mercedes Osceola. Mercedes celebrated to the fullest with a 30-foot tall
Rock Climbing Wall, dance floor with a
DJ, and a 30-foot blow up slide, which
attracted children and young adults who
competed to get chances to try the slide.
Also participants dined on a
catered dinner and cotton candy. Joe Dan
Osceola, Mercedes’ farther, also took
time during the night to call out to his
daughter for an individual dance.
In addition, parents Joe Dan and
Virginia Osceola wanted to wish their
daughter Mercedes a Happy 16th
Birthday and thank the Hollywood
Board Representatives for also participating in Mercedes’ birthday.
We would like to welcome our newest
arrival, Elizabeth Elane Frank. Proud
parents are Robert and Terri Frank.
Brothers are Bobby, Jonathan, Justin
and Brent. Proud grandparents are Sally
Gipson and Edna Frank and great
grandparents are Willie Frank and
Virginia Noble. We would like to thank
Dr. Suidmak, Maria Zludia and the rest
of their staff.
Periods Ending: April 30, 2000, CHTR
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*L – Fund returns prior to July 1, 1994 represent performa composite results. NOTE – Individual results are influenced by
the size and timing of contributions and withdrawals during the period; therefore, results in an individual participant’s
account may differ from those shown above.
I must apologize momma for those long
Sleepless nights, you sittin’ up worried
About me hoping I’m all right.
Dear momma I love & miss you, Pop’s &
the family so damn much, stay strong
& take good care Ike be in touch.
— Ike T. Harjo
Summer Camp Opens
We are proud to announce the
birth of our son Charles Lloyd
Alexander III. He was born on March
15, 2000 at 4:09 p.m. He weighed 9 lbs. 2
oz. and was 21 ½ inches long. Proud parents are Charles and Catherine
Alexander of Big Cypress.
You are appreciated each & everyday, so
Much love for you Momma in a
Don’t worry Momma with me your job’s
Been done, enjoy life with your
Grandkids have some fun.
We would like to wish our brother Andy Cypress a very Happy 37th
Birthday. We wish that you look at this
day to re-evaluate the importance of your
life, of who you are as a son, brother,
uncle, grandfather and as a grandson, also
the many lives you’ve touched in your
lifetime. We all love you always and God
Your Family (The Big Towns).
We would also like to wish a
belated Happy Birthday to John Huff,
Jr. on June 25. Love, Mom, Dad, Jimi,
Mary, Ty and Frank.
I must let you know it’s not your fault
For the way I am, you raised me proper
Momma I’m just a hardheaded man.
Happy Anniversary to Vernon & Kasey
Baker on July 24. Hope y’all have lots of
fun and be careful. From Janel.
I would like to wish my husband
Vernon a Happy Anniversary and a
Happy Birthday on July 22 and 24th.
I would like to personally thank
all the students and parents of the
Ahfachkee School. Thank you for taking
the time to remember me and I appreciate
the beautiful plaque.
Here at the Tribune, we’re
always ready to accommodate all of
Seminole Country. A pleasure to work
with all of you, hope we will continue to
— Virginia Mitchell
BIG CYPRESS — Boxing,
paintball survival games, karate and
wrestling are available for coed ages 8
years and up, from June 19 to July 13.
Hours are from 10 a.m. to 4
p.m., Monday - Thursday. Lunch is
included. Call Big Cypress Gymnasium
for more information and sign up at (863)
Big Cypress Recreation
Monday, July 3 — Movies –
leave at noon, return at 6 p.m.; Tuesday,
July 4 – Carnival/fireworks – leave at
noon, return open; Wednesday, July 5 –
Sun Splash; Thursday, July 6 – Roller
Skating – leave noon, return 6 p.m.;
Friday, July 7 – Safari – leave noon,
return 6 p.m.
Monday, July 10 – Movies;
Tuesday, July 11 – Activity at Gym;
Wed., July 12 – Bowling; Thursday, July
13 – Trail Ride; Friday, July 14 – Grand
Prix – leave noon, return 6 p.m.
Monday, July 17 – Movies;
Tuesday, July 18 – Sun Splash;
Wednesday, July 19 – Bowling;
Thursday, July 30 – Roller skating;
Friday, July 21 – Museum of Discovery
& Science, leave 10, return at 6 p.m.
Monday, July 24 – Movies;
Tuesday, July 25 – Ice skating;
Wednesday, July 26 – Grand Prix, leave
at 10, return 6 p.m.; Thursday, July 27 –
Pool Party; Friday, July 28 – Fort
Lauderdale beach – leave at 10 a.m.,
return at 6 p.m.
Survey Party Chief
Jan. 27, 00
$14.03 per hour
February 2, 2000
Utilities – Hollywood
February 23, 2000
$8.00 per hour plus bene-
February 22, 2000
Based on Instructional
Feb. 11, 2000
$10.00 per hour plus
Education (Big Cypress)
January 25, 2000
$7.18 per hour plus bene-
Health (Big Cypress)
January 25, 2000
$25,000 – 35,000 annually
Direct Care Aides
(5 needed in LaBelle)
January 25, 2000
$10.00 – 15.00 per hour
Alternative High School
Teacher in Math and
January 25, 2000
Based on salary schedule
February 9, 2000
$8.29 per hour plus bene-
January 12, 2000
Instructional salary scale
Health (Big Cypress)
January 11, 2000
$7.90 per hour plus bene-
Teacher Aide II – 2
year olds & infants
February 29, 2000
March 14, 2000
$8.73 per hour plus beneMaintenance Supervisor
Buildings and Grounds
March 8, 2000
March 22, 2000
$8.00 per hour plus beneClassroom Teacher
November 22, 1999
March 31, 2000
April 14, 2000
$9.00 per hour plus bene-
May 29, 2000
June 12, 2000
Negotiable (Has Benefits)
Family Services Program
May 31, 2000
$10 per hour Plus Benefits
Office Clerk Part Time
Utilities - Hollywood
May 31, 2000
June 15, 2000
$8 per hour - No Benefits
Youth Center Attendant
May 31, 2000
June 14, 2000
$6.20 per hour - plus ben-
Health – Big Cypress
May 12, 2000
$9.00 per hour - plus benefits
May 31, 2000
$10.00 per hour - plus
Building and Grounds –
February 22, 2000
$28,000 Plus Benefits
Ah-Tah-Thi Ki – Big
Ahfachkee School - BC
April 13, 2000
April 27, 2000
Negotiable (Has Benefits)
June 6, 2000
$7.00 per hour - plus ben-
May 29, 2000
$6.00 per hour - Plus
Seminole Broadcasting June 12, 2000
$9.60 per hour - Plus
Teacher IV Preschool
Ahfachkee School – Big
May 1, 2000
Mid-20’s Plus Benefits
(Salary will Commensurate with experience)
Teacher IV Preschool
Hollywood – Broward
May 1, 2000
Mid-20’s Plus Benefits
(Salary will Commensurate with experience)
Teacher IV Preschool
Big Cypress – Hendry
May 1, 2000
Mid-20’s Plus Benefits
(Salary will Commensurate with experience)
Teacher IV Preschool
Brighton – Glades County
May 1, 2000
Mid-20’s Plus Benefits
(Salary will Commensurate with experience)
The Seminole Tribune
July 7, 2000
Health/Career Fair Held At Big Cypress
BIG CYPRESS — The Seminole Health
questions and provide information for anyone interested
Department, led by Toni Taglione of the Health
in a future career in the health field. Finally, after
Education Program, hosted its annual Ahfachkee
reviewing all tables and maybe feeling a bit overSchool/Health and Career Fair
whelmed, many sought relief in a
at the Herman Osceola
soothing head or neck massage
Gymnasium in Big Cypress
given by therapists from, A
Healing Touch, located in Bonita
There were over 25
presenters who offered a wide
Other presenters included
variety of health education and
the Dental Program, Nutrition
career information. Each table
Program, Health Education,
displayed age-appropriate topPlanned Parenthood, Hendry
ics that focused on those
Regional Medical Center, Hendry
issues most specific to the
County EMS, Ah-Tah-Thi-Kee
museum, Hendry/Glades Mental
McGruff the Crime
Health, Environmental Health,
Dog entertained the younger
Miccosukee Wellness, Lice
students while relaying his
Services, 4-H, Hendry County
famous, “Help Take a Bite Out
Health Department and the
of Crime” message. Through
Memorial Blood Bank.
the help of electronic imaging
When asked to comment
John Ross Billie finds value of massage.
and the National Medical
on the combination of both a career
Research Institute many stuand health fair, Connie Whidden
dents were able to see on screen what was happening
the Health Department Director responded, “ It is
inside their bodies.
important for our children to see the diversity of health
For those a little older, a representative from
careers that are available to them. This is one way to
Broward Community College was available to answer
spark their interest in the medical field.”
In addition to the table
exhibits, new to this year’s
health fair were presentations
given exclusively to some of
the attendees. Susan Welke, an
RN from Memorial West
Hospital in Pembroke Pines
spoke to the 4th-6th graders
and gave them tips on babysitting.
Lynn Selzer and staff
from the Children’s Diagnostic
and Treatment Center
addressed the 7th –12th grade
on the issue of HIV and its
prevalence in the teenage community. At the end of the day,
Sandra Chittedan, a massage
therapist, taught moms how to
use infant massage as a way to
both nurture and bond with
their new babies.
Aileen Osceola, Cypress Billie, Darren Jim had time for some ‘healthy’ fun.
Addictions Can Be Treated
By Nery Mejicano
HOLLYWOOD — How many times have
you heard the phrase, ‘I’ll quit tomorrow,’ or for that
matter, how many times have we said it?
When it comes to stopping a long
entrenched behavior, be it alcohol or drugs or a negative and self-damaging behavior such as a gambling addiction, changing can be very difficult, but
The person addicted, with all the best
intentions really believes that he or she can quit
tomorrow; that they are strong enough or have the
will power to ‘just stop.’ The problem is that in most
cases, tomorrow never comes or tomorrow becomes
months and then years.
The American Medical Association in
1956 declared alcoholism and other drug dependency as treatable illnesses. Just like a diabetic can not
cure his diabetes by ‘will power’ nor can the alcoholic or drug dependent individual cure their illness
by will power and good intentions.
The first step in changing a negative
behavior is to recognize that the behavior has
become a problem. What kind of problem? Any
kind of problem. If you drink and because of your
drinking you get a DUI, get in a fight, argue with
your spouse, neglect your children or get in financial problems (any one of this qualifies) you have a
Once the individual has accepted there is a
problem, there is hope that help can be found. Just
like diabetes, addictions can not be cured, but they
New Health Educator Just Arrived
Health Education is proud to have Jessica
Novak join their team. Jessica will be working with
Toni Taglione in providing health education programs to the community under the direction of
Suzanne Davis. Jessica is a Certified Health
Education Specialist with a Master’s degree in
Public Health from Indiana University and a
Bachelor’s degree in Biological Sciences from
Michigan State University.
Jessica recently relocated to South Florida
from Tucson, Arizona where she was employed as
the statewide health education coordinator for the
March of Dimes. In Arizona, she provided pregnancy-related information to communities throughout
the state including many Native American communities. Some of her projects include establishing a
program to provide maternity clothing to women in
tree. The tree was planted in a part of the Tiger Bay
Forest, which was severely damaged by wildfires in 1998. need, developing a curriculum on folic acid suppleThe Department’s Division of Forestry oversees mentation, and speaking to students at the
800,000 acres of statewide forests. More than 100 million University of Arizona, Arizona state University and
seedlings are grown each year in Florida by state, industry, and private tree nurseries to meet reforestation needs.
Reforestation is vital to controlling soil erosion
and protecting water quality as well as providing fiber for
wood products, shelter for wildlife and revenue for
Continued from page 1
helping the teacher before or after school, tutoring,
It is estimated more than 100,00 acres of tree
seedlings are planted every year in Florida. While a vari- helping in events outside of school, community
projects, and babysitting without pay. Attendance at
ety of tree species are produced, Slash, Loblolly and
Longleaf Pine are the most popular.
Six-Billionth Forest Tree Planted
TALLAHASSEE – Florida Agriculture
Commissioner Bob Crawford announced that the
Division of Forestry commemorated the planting of the
state’s six-billionth forest tree seedling in Daytona’s
Tiger Bay Forest.
“The planting of this tree marks a milestone for
reforestation,” Crawford said. “This seedling represents
the ongoing commitment of the forestry community to
sustain Florida’s natural resources.”
The state first began growing forest tree
seedlings in public operated tree nurseries in 1928.
Division of Forestry Director Earl Peterson,
along with local officials, was on hand to watch a group
of Deland school children plant a 5-foot native cypress
Darlene T. Quinn
can be arrested and the individual can live a full and
rewarding life. As with diabetes, a positive life style
change has to occur.
Quitting is the first and most important
part, but staying quit is the hard part, and the key to
accomplishing a clean and sober life is reaching out
for help. To admit there is a problem, and to know
that help is available.
What do I mean by a positive life style
change? I mean we may have to change our negative
circle of friends, find new and healthier interests,
take better care of our bodies, re-examine our priorities, discover new possibilities and enrich our spiritual life.
There are many resources available. The
Tribe’s Family Services Program is there to provide
help. The program services are comprehensive and
are provided in a confidential and professional manner.
Other resources include the family priest or
rabbi. And let’s not forget our family and friends.
They can be the source of support when deciding to
change our life in a positive direction.
Helpful phone numbers: Family Services
Program, Hollywood, (954) 964-6338, Big Cypress,
(863) 983-6920, Brighton, (863) 763-7700,
Immokalee, (941) 657-6567 and Tampa, (813) 6211302.
After hours you can call SPD. You can find
AA, NA and GA (Gamblers Anonymous) numbers
in your local phone book, or call our offices any
Jessica Novak is the new health educator.
Northern Arizona University about prenatal care.
Jessica is very excited to be part of the
Seminole Tribe Health Education team. Once she is
settled in her new position, she will be working out
of Big Cypress Reservation and Hollywood on alternate days. Feel free to contact her or Toni Taglione
at 962-2009 for health education information.
regular meetings is also a requirement.
I am very proud of my daughter and congratulate her on her achievement in school. My
brother Stephen and I were in the audience to witness her induction ceremonies, and we are so very
proud of Christine.
— Wanda Faye Bowers.
Protect Your Rights!
Maybe we can help!
Tired of hiding?
DODGE TRUCKS & DOOLEYS
FORD TRUCKS & DOOLEYS
CHEVY TRUCKS & DOOLEYS
Violations of Probation?
WILL MATCH OR BEAT ANYONES DEAL
Warrants, open criminal cases?
CARS & TRUCKS AVAILABLE
Chevy • Ford • Dodge • Mercedes • Toyota • All
makes and models New & Used
8600 Pines Boulevard, Pembroke Pines, FL 33024
Bus: (954) 430-2628 • Fax: (954) 433-7769
Beeper: (954) 765-9018 • All South FL: 930-3200
ANY CAR OR TRUCK PURCHASE WITH THIS
*OFFER VALID THROUGH
DARLENE QUINN ONLY!
*NOT VALID ON ADD VEHICLE
DUI or DUI injury cases?
The Law Offices of Guy J. Seligman, P.A.
320 S. E. 9th Street
Fort Lauderdale, FL. 33316
The hiring of an attorney is an important decision that should not be based
solely upon advertisements before you decide, ask us to send you free written
information about our qualifications and experience.
Indian Agriculture Export Readiness
Seminar – July 13 – 14 at the Foxwoods Resort &
Casino. For info call the IAC at (406) 259-3525, or
the NTDA at (406) 395-4095.
Menominee Nation Contest Pow Wow –
August 5-6 at the Woodland Bowl in Keshena, WI.
Call (715) 799-5645/5231.
Mohegan Wigwam Pow Wow – August 18
– 20. Over $50,000 in dance prizes. For more information call 1-800-MOHEGAN ext. 6150.
Employment 2000 – July 23 – 26, Reno,
NV. The Employment Law and Human Resources
Development Conference for Tribal Organizations.
Call (800) 992-4489.
Governing in the 21st Century – August
20-23, San Diego, CA. Empowering tribal leaders of
today for the challenges of tomorrow. Call (800)
992-4489 and reference C6OANIC.
Trail of Tears Motorcycle Ride –
September 16. The largest organized motorcycle ride
in history. FMI: HYPERLINK http://www.al-tntrailoftears.org www.al-tn-trailoftears.org.
West Coast Pow Wow Cruise – September
18. 4-day cruise from $399 per person or East Coast
Pow Wow Cruise – February 2, 2001. 3-day cruise to
the Bahamas – Call (877) 369-2232 or visit us at
Grant Writing in Indian Country – July
24 – 26 at the fabulous Treasure Island Casino
Motel. Call (800) 222-7077 and ask for the J. Dalton
Assertiveness Skills for Supervisors,
Managers, Current and Future Leaders – August
14 – 15. Learn the special skills that will enhance
your workplace performance. Ramkota Inn, Rapid
City, SD. Call (800) 706-0102 to register.
43rd American Indian Boy Scouting/Girl
Scouting Seminar – July 22- 26. For further information contact Don Rogers at (972) 580-2127, Rita
Niemeyer at (800) 233-0624 or (212) 852-8582 or Al
Tibbitts at (605) 342-2824.
Wolf’s Flat EOD Conference – July 23 –
26 in Calgary, Alberta, Canada. First Nations coming
together to share experience in cleaning up
Indigenous Lands. To register call (888) 341-1011 or
(403) 269-1011. E-mail: HYPERLINK mailto:[email protected] [email protected]
23rd Annual Pow Wow of Champions –
August 11 – 13 at Tulsa, IL Fairgrounds Expo
Building. For more info call (918) 836-1523.
‘70s Theme Party – July 30. Great tunes
from 3 – 7pm. You could win a 3-day, 2-night cruise
for two to the Bahamas as well as free dinner with
limo service. For more information call Coconut
Creek Casino at (954) 977-6700.
Dreaming of Hawaii – August 27 we’ll
have a Luau from 3 – 7pm. Win either dinner for
two at the Mai-Kai or a six-day, five-night tip to
Hawaii. Call Coconut Creek Casino at (954) 9776700.
“What Tree Is That?” – a pocket guide for
identifying trees, is available free of charge from The
National Arbor Day Foundation, Nebraska City, NE
Annual Art Competition – Must be postmarked by July 31. Send to Arts & Kids, Suite 1012111, 3600 Crondall Lane, Owings Mills, MD
21117. Open to everyone 17 years of age and
younger and entry is free. One original work of art –
any style, any medium. Include name, address and
age on back.
Four Winds PowWow – Sept. 16 – 17 at
Killeen Special Events Center, Killeen, Texas.
Contact Paula Brock at (254) 699-3167 or fax (254)
2001 Native Life Calendar – Fifteen dollars
plus shipping charge of $2.50. For information call
(954) 973-7461 or visit HYPERLINK
Car & Boat Auction – July 29. For more
information call (954) 463-3725. Salvation Army
Adult Rehab Center at 1901 W. Broward Blvd., Ft.
Spiritual Poems Sought – One poem only
of 21 lines or less. Deadline is July 20. To enter online HYPERLINK http://www.freecontest.com
www.freecontest.com or write Free Poetry Contest,
PMB70, 103 N. Wood Ave., Linden, NJ 07036.
Pinellas County Drops the ‘S’ Word
LARGO — The American Indian
Movement of Florida congratulates the Pinellas
County School District on seizing the initiative.
Florida AIM State Executive Director
Sheridan Murphy, North Regional
Director David Narcomey, and State Information
Director Mark Madrid appeared before the Pinellas
County School Board June 13 to address a
November 1999 incident in which a Tyrone
Elementary School teacher taught her students that
the word “squaw” is an appropriate reference to
American Indian women.
Narcomey included a packet of information
for board members in his presentation. The board
agreed to revisit and modify its curriculum and prevent any further usage of the word squaw.
Then to the pleasant surprise of Florida
AIM the board on its own initiative took up the
question of banning sports mascots, making the link
between the use of the word squaw and the use of
American Indian peoples as a sports team mascot for
America’s fun and games.
Board members specifically pointed out
Seminole High School “Warhawks” noting having a
hawk with a headdress was no different than “having
a hawk with a yarmulke” the board directed the
Pinellas County School Superintendent to “investigate the process” that Los Angeles, Dallas,
Milwaukee and other locations have used to divest
itself of sports mascots.
The Pinellas County School Board is to be
informed of his findings through a future workshop
in which the methodology to get rid of sports mascots is to be discussed.
Black Bear Hunting Not
TALLAHASSEE — The
Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation
Commission (FWC) plans to receive a
staff report concerning the status of black
bears during the agency's Nov. 7-9 meeting. However, the agenda does not
include any proposal regarding re-establishing bear hunting in Florida.
Recent news reports have created
the impression that the bear status report
may include a staff recommendation to
allow some bear hunting in Florida. Bear
hunting has been illegal in this state for
the past 6 years.
"There is no such staff proposal,"
said Tim O'Meara, of the FWC's Division
of Wildlife. "This report is merely to brief
the Commissioners concerning how well
the species is doing at the moment."
For the past couple of days the
FWC's offices have received numerous
phone calls and e-mails from individuals
and news media who were under the
impression the agency has plans to consider placing black bears back on the list
Indian Web Sites Combine
AllNative.Com, the leading e-commerce site
for Native American products, is proud to announce
its recent merger with Indianz.Com, the Internet’s
most exciting Native American web site.
Formed in early 1999, AllNative.Com provides tribal and Native American owned companies
with a much-needed outlet for authentic Native
American products. AllNative.Com expects to expand
its present product line from several hundred to several thousand products within the next six months. The
site features products ranging from one of kind paintings to native American t-shirts.
Other e-commerce companies also utilize the
regulatory advantages of reservation-based
AllNative.Com. Several Internet companies, in addition to existing partner ships, have already agreed to
use AllNative’s distribution facilities for their online
In the fall of 1999, two Native Americans
began Indianz.Com based on a dream of making the
Internet more accessible to Native Americans.
Utilizing their educational and technical backgrounds
obtained from Harvard University and the
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), the pair
created one of the most popular and widely read
Native American sites on the web today, with a readership extending from the nation’s capital to the
Navajo Nation. Featuring a fresh mix of daily content,
news, information, and entertainment, Indianz.Com
has truly broken through the digital divide and plans
to offer even more exciting services including free email and collaborative chat.
“Indianz.Com is the destination of choice for
users interested in native content,” says Acee Agoyo,
Chief Information Officer of Indianz.Com, “We have
experienced tremendous growth over the past several
months, demonstrating the existence of an untapped,
emerging demographic which includes Native
Americans and millions of Internet users who have
taken an interest in the first Americans.”
Lance Morgan, CEO of Ho-Chunk, Inc., concurs with Agoyos’ sentiments. “AllNative.Com has
exceeded all of our growth and revenue expectations.
We are currently projecting revenues at $3 million this
year,” says Morgan, “With the addition of
Indianz.Com, we will greatly expand our ability to
reach a wider market. We believe that we are perfectly
positioned to establish the first vertically integrated
Native American product and content company on the
AllNative.Com is majority owned by HoChunk, Inc., the Development Corporation of the
Winnebago Tribe of Nebraska. AllNative.Com has
offices in Winnebago, NE, and Cambridge, MA. It
can be found online at http://www.AllNative.Com. Visit
Indianz.Com today at http://www.Indianz.Com.
For additional information, please contact
Lance Morgan, CEO, at 402-878-2809 or Mia
Merrick at 402-878-2400.
Alligator Alley Hosts ‘Swamp Nite’
By Libby Blake
SUNRISE — “Back to the Swamp,” sang
Chief Jim Billie as alligators, snakes, and falcons
moved through the crowd June 24, at Alligator Alley
in Sunrise. It was Billie Swamp Safari Night at the
Tribal owned nightspot voted Best New Club by City
Chief Billie performed with Raiford Starke
and the Lifers while Gator John, Mark “Billie Bob”
Blancet, Kim Royal, and the legendary Swamp Owl mingled
through the crowd with their wild
creatures. Half man, half beast
Sasquatch Shelley was also spotted
late in the night by a few of the
more stouthearted (or more likely
Also appearing on stage
was Washington, D.C. Swampabilly
legend, Evan Johns and the HBombs. “With social graces only a
mother could love, Johns lives up to
and beyond the rebel rap associated
with musicians,” wrote City Link
Magazine when it named Swamp
Night as Saturday’s ‘Best Bet.’ “His
music is an offbeat mixture of Delta
blues, swamp rock, punk, and surf
guitar sung in a voice somewhere
between Jerry Lee Lewis and Iggy
The evening was also filled
with trivia contests, giveaways, and
a special Swamp menu. Double
Eagle Distributors, along with Big
106, helped sponsor the event.
“This has been great,” said Swamp Owl.
“The people seem to really enjoy the animals and
want to know when we’ll do it again.”
When asked about a repeat performance,
Lucy Evanicki, Marketing Director for Billie Swamp
Safari, stated, “Tonight was a big success and the
crowd response was phenomenal. I would love to do
more (events). I think it was good for Alligator Alley
too and hopefully we can work together again.”
of game animals. Agency spokesmen are
spending a great deal of time reassuring
the public that re-establishing bear hunting is not under consideration at this time.
Black bears are listed as a threatened species in most of Florida. Although
evidence suggests that the bear population
has increased during the past few years,
bears still face an uncertain future in
"Bear habitat is fragmented and
is decreasing as Florida's human population growth continues to devour more and
more wilderness areas," O'Meara said.
"Individual bears can have a home range
of as much as 40 to 100 square miles."
The Florida sub-species of black
bear, known to scientists as Ursus americanus floridanus, occurs only in Florida
and along the southern fringes of neighboring states. Black bears' diet consists of
a variety of fruits, berries, insects and animals. Bears or bear signs are often spotted
on the Tribe's Big Cypress Reservation.
Win Hammer Award
MICCOSUKEE — The
Miccosukee Tribe of Indians, who live in
the Florida Everglades,announced recently two Tribal representatives were part of
the United South and Eastern Tribes, Inc.
(USET) Peer Review Team presented the
Hammer Award by the National
Partnership for Reinventing Government
for their important work in the fight
against contaminated water.
The Hammer Award was created
by Vice-President Gore in 1993 to recognize teams of federal employees that
develop and initiate programs that put
customers first and get results Americans
Miccosukee representatives F.K.
Jones, Wildlife Director, and Steve Terry,
Director of Real Estate, received a certificate and Hammer lapel pin for their work
to combat poor drinking water on Indian
lands. Other members receiving the
award were Susie Kippenberger (
Seminole Tribe of Florida); Calvin
Murphy (Eastern Band of Cherokee
Indians); Tony Darden (Chitimacha Tribe
of Louisiana); and Steve Stillwell (Poarch
Band of Creek Indians).
United South and Eastern Tribes,
Inc. (USET) represents 23 federally recognized tribes from twelve states. The
USET Peer Review Team is a partnership
between the U.S. Environmental
Protection Agency and USET and its
member tribes, and the Georgia Small
System Peer Review Team. The USET
Peer Review Team protects public health,
increases compliance with federal drink-
July 7, 2000
The Seminole Tribune
ing water regulations, and improves the
quality of drinking water for Indian communities in urban and rural settings.
“The Peer Review Team has
improved public safety,” said John
Hankinson, Jr., Regional Administrator,
Environmental Protection Agency.”
Morley Winograd, Director of the
National Partnership for Reinventing
Government congratulated them and said,
“The Team’s outstanding service has
helped rebuild the trust of the American
people in our government.”
Keller George, President of
USET recognized Calvin Murphy — the
Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians, and
Steve Terry — the Miccosukee Tribe, as
the driving force behind the PEER
Review Team. “Calvin and Steve did an
outstanding job on the Peer Review
Committee,” said Mr. George. “They
deserve special recognition for their leadership and hard work which made the
Peer Review Team the success that it is
The Miccosukee Tribe has long
been dedicated to clean water, both for
drinking and for the Everglades. The
Miccosukee Tribe was one of the first
tribes in United States to have adopted
their own water quality standards to protect Tribal Everglades lands from pollution. The Tribe is pleased that
Miccosukee Tribal representatives, Steve
Terry and F.K. Jones, have been recognized for helping to achieve clean, safe
drinking water for Indian Country.
Come and see for yoursel
Date: August 12th, 2000
Time: 7:00 p.m.
Place:Hollywood Tribal Office
The Seminole Tribune
By Benny Secody
BIG CYPRESS — Community members braved the
scorching heat to come out to the ball diamond to join in the festivities of the Fun Day, June 24.
Sponsored by the Recreation Department, there were
ball games, children’s rides and activities as well as plenty of
food prepared barbecue style.
Recreation Director George Grasshopper stated this
event had been held two years ago. At the time, the Recreation
Department planned for it to become a yearly event. However,
the turnout was poor and the concept lacked the support of the
community. Jack Gorton, Assistant Director of Recreation, hopes
Fun Day finally becomes a yearly event as this year’s response
has been the best yet.
Four teams signed up, although only three showed to
compete. The teams were Immokalee Recreation, headed by Gail
Boone; Mondo Tiger’s Blue Top Construction and a team comprised of Big Cypress Family Services and Big Cypress
Seminole Police Department was a no-show, possibly
because “they didn’t want to look bad when they got beat,”
Even Board President Mitchell Cypress joined in the
games for Big Cypress Recreation team, going up against Big
Cypress Board Representative Mondo Tiger and his team.
July 7, 2000
Mitchell, being multi-talented, served as catcher and first baseman — during different games.
The double elimination games began at 1 p.m. as the
younger children and Pre-Schoolers continued their quest for new
rides. The kids had a great time, and especially enjoying the cotton candy.
Benny Hernandez, who operates and maintains the Big
Cypress rodeo ground, was on hand to provide horse and pony
rides to the aspiring young cowboys and cowgirls. The children
were thrilled to be able to ride around the area on one of the horses – usually reserved for the older youth.
The softball championship game was between
Immokalee Recreation and Blue Top Construction. Immokalee
came on with a vengeance and before Blue Top figured out what
had hit them, the game was over with Immokalee’s Raul Escobar
blasting his winning homerun, capping a staggering 16-0 victory.
The winners snapped up the coveted trophy and posed
for team pictures. A note of thanks goes to brothers Joe and Larry
Stirone of the Broward County Super Sports Association of
Officials, who served as umpires for the day.
It was a good day for all that attended. The children
enjoyed themselves, as did the parents, players and spectators.
Several of the residents stated they are already looking forward to
next year’s Big Cypress Fun Day.
Photos by Benny Secody
The Seminole Tribune
Hi, I’m Lee Tiger with the Florida Department of
Transportation’s Native American Outreach
Program. I’d like to thank all the tribal members that
participated in this past years workshops.
To those who would like to
attend one, we will continue
FDOT workshops throughout
1999. One of the more asked
questions in getting DBE
Certified was “Do we need to
have a Florida Corporation?” The
answer is no, you can apply for a
registration with a fictitious
name. We have these one page
forms and can help you fill them out.
So if you or a family member are interested in
pursuing contracts with the state of Florida’s largest
contracting agency The Department of
Transportation, call me at (954) 370-3900. We will
be happy to answer any questions and add you to
our current mailing list to keep you informed on
If you have any questions regarding the Florida
Department of Transportation Native American
Outreach, please call (954) 370-3900.
The Voice of the
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