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FUNNY & FABULOUS
FRACTION STORIES
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
30 Reproducible Math Tales and Problems
To Reinforce Important Fraction Skills
by Dan Greenberg
S
C
H
O
L
A
S
T
I
C
PROFESSIONALBOOKS
New York • Toronto • London • Auckland • Sydney
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
Teachers may photocopy the designated reproducible pages for classroom use. No other part of this publication
may be reproduced in whole or in part, or stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any
means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying or otherwise, without written permission of the publisher. For information regarding permission, write to Scholastic, 555 Broadway, New York, 10012.
Cover design by Jaime Lucero, Liza Charlesworth, and Vincent Ceci
Interior design by Robert Dominguez and Jaime Lucero for Grafica, Inc.
Illustrations by Jared Lee
ISBN 0-590-96576-X
Copyright © 1996 by Dan Greenberg. All rights reserved. Printed in the U.S.A.
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Contents
HOW TO USE THIS BOOK . . . . . . . . . . . 5
ADDING AND SUBTRACTING
FRACTIONS
THE BASICS
Skill 9: Adding and Subtracting
Fractions with Like Denominators
Skill 1: Picturing Fractions
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
Martha Crunch, Personal
Fractions Trainer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Skill 2: Recognizing Fractions
Great Artists of the World
Draw Fractions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Skill 3: Drawing and Identifying
Fractions
Rex Roper’s Believe It or Not! . . . . . . 28
Skill 10: Adding and Subtracting Mixed
Numbers with Like Denominators
Texarkana Bernstein: The World’s
Greatest Adventurer and Her Trusty
Dog, Woovis (Episode 1) . . . . . . . . . . 31
Skill 11: Least Common Denominators
Officer Meg O’Malley of the Fraction
Police . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Skill 12: Adding and Subtracting
Fractions with Unlike Denominators
Martha’s Brain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Skill 13: Adding Mixed Numbers with
Unlike Denominators
Texarkana Bernstein: The World’s
Greatest Adventurer and Her Trusty
Dog, Woovis (Episode 2) . . . . . . . . . . . 40
The History of Fractions: A Play . . . . 13
Skill 4: Comparing Fractions
Dear Ms. Fraction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Skill 5: Equivalent Fractions
Louie Lewis, Fractional Private Eye . . 18
Skill 6: Introduction To Simplest Form
Martha and Steve: Simplest Form. . . 20
Skill 7: Improper Fractions and Mixed
Numbers
Joe Trella, Fraction Fella . . . . . . . . . . 22
Skill 8: Practice Simplest Form
Skill 14: Subtracting Mixed Numbers
with Unlike Denominators
Never More, Baltimore! . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Billy Doogan, Roving Weather Man . . 43
Skill Review
Skill Review
Ultra Workout 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Ultra Workout, Too! . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
continued on next page
MULTIPLYING AND DIVIDING
FRACTIONS
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Contents
Skill 15: Multiplying Fractions by Whole
Numbers
Emily Taproot, Fractional Poet . . . . . 47
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
Skill 16: Multiplying Fractions
USING FRACTIONS
Skill 22: Multiplying Probabilities
The Critics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
Skill 23: Ratios
Arnold Guck: Man or Myth? . . . . . . . 65
The Frackie Awards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Skill 17: Reciprocals
Emily Taproot’s Winky-Tinky
Tigglesworth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
Skill 18: Dividing Fractions
Louie Lewis: The Case of the
Flipping Fractions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
Skill 19: Multiplying And Dividing Mixed
Numbers
Officer Meg O’Malley: Episode 2 . . . . 56
Skill 20: Multiplying and Dividing Mixed
Numbers
Yucky Cooking with Mr. Pierre . . . . . 58
Skill 21: Multiplying and Dividing
Fractions
Martha Crunch and Her Amazing
Fraction Workout Video . . . . . . . . . . . 60
Skill Review
Ultra Workout 3!. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
Skill 24: Equivalent Fractions and
Decimals
Enid The Magnificent, Part 1. . . . . . . 68
Skill 25: Equivalent Fractions and
Decimals
Enid the Magnificent, Part 2:
Enid Does the Unthinkable . . . . . . . . 70
Skill 26: Fraction Number Sense
Name That Fraction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
Skill 27: Multiplication, Division and
Addition
Martha’s Brain Game. . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
TEST 1: THE ULTIMATE FRACTION
WORKOUT, PART ONE . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
TEST 2: THE ULTIMATE FRACTION
WORKOUT, PART TWO . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
ANSWERS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
W
elcome to Funny & Fabulous
Fraction Stories!
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Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
How To Use This Book
Fractions are a tricky topic. Neither
completely concrete or abstract, they
mark the transition in math from
the purely representational to the
purely symbolic. Because of this,
many students find fractions difficult to learn—and many teachers
find them difficult to teach.
This book seeks to make fractions
more accessible to both students
and teachers by introducing an element of fun. The stories, poems,
plays, and parodies contained in
these pages are designed to entertain your students and at the same
time to give them a solid grasp of
important fractional concepts. The
characters and situations in each
activity will also help students apply
the concepts they learn to real-life
situations—a key element of the
5
National Council of Teachers of
Mathematics’ Curriculum
Standards.
The stories in this book are intended
to appeal to all kinds of learners,
including:
• students at all achievement
levels
• students working with fractions
for the first time
• older students who need review
and enrichment
• students who find it difficult to
visualize and conceptualize fractions
• students not easily motivated by
traditional textbooks
• students who seek a connection
between their own lives and
mathematical concepts
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THE ACTIVITIES
This book is divided into four sections:
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
• The Basics, which covers general
fractional concepts, from visualizing fractions to expressing fractions in simplest form
• Adding and Subtracting
Fractions
• Multiplying and Dividing
Fractions
• Using Fractions, where students
apply the fraction skills they have
learned to calculate probability,
ratios, and decimals.
Sprinkled throughout the book are a
series of “One Way to Do It” tip
boxes. Each suggests a strategy
which students may find helpful in
solving the problems in that particular activity. Students should not be
limited to that specific solving strategy, however; if they prefer using a
method other than the one suggested in the box, by all means encourage them to try it.
6
To make selecting appropriate activities an easier task, the table of contents lists the primary concepts covered in each activity.
ASSESSMENT
Each of the first three sections concludes with a Skill Workout that
reinforces concepts covered in that
section. In addition, two tests appear
at the end of the book.
• Test No. 1 covers sections 1 and
2, including basic fraction concepts and addition and subtraction of fractions.
• Test No. 2 covers sections 3 and
4, including multiplication and
division of fractions, reciprocals,
ratios, and conversion of fractions to decimals.
THE SOLUTIONS
Annotated solutions to each of the
27 activities, plus the workouts and
tests, are located on pages 82 to 88.
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The stories in this book can be used
in a variety of ways.
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
• You can use the activities as a
framework from which to
approach fractions, or as a supplement to classroom activities.
• You can work through the problems in sequence, or reinforce
skills as you see fit.
• Students can work on the stories
individually, in teams or groups,
or as a class.
• Stories can be assigned to students for independent self-paced
study.
• Activities can be read as part of
an interdisciplinary program that
includes storytelling, fantasy,
humor, or literature.
• The use of manipulatives is an
excellent way to reinforce the
skills presented in this book. For
even more enrichment, have students brainstorm other real-life
applications of the fraction concepts presented in each activity.
• Encourage students to explore
different problem-solving methods when working on an activity.
In addition, remind them that the
best way to be sure they’ve done
a problem correctly is to check
their work.
7
• Many students find word problems like the ones in this book
challenging. Make sure students
carefully read the problems and
are able to state the question
being asked before they attempt
to solve them.
• Present the activities in unique
ways. If a story is written in dialogue form, for example, assign
roles to students and have them
read it aloud.
• Once students have shown an
understanding of fractional concepts, allow them to use calculators to solve some of the more
challenging word problems presented in the book.
I hope this book helps you to motivate
your students to a greater understanding of fraction concepts. I know they’ll
have a great time learning them!
—Dan Greenberg
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
SKILL 1:
Picturing Fractions
Name
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Martha Crunch,
Personal Fractions Trainer
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
Hi. I’m Martha Crunch, your personal fractions trainer. And this is
Steve. Say hello, Steve.
Ra-a-ah! Ee-e-urk!
Welcome to
fractions, the
Martha Crunch
way.
You know what
really gets me?
People who think
fractions are hard.
Doing 250 jumping
jacks on a gravel
driveway—barefoot
… now that’s hard.
Compared to that,
fractions are a PIECE
OF CAKE.
So what do
you say? Are
you ready to
learn fractions...
...the Martha Crunch way?
Ra-a-ah! Ee-e-urk!
When do we start?
Right now, Steve.
9
HERE’S A PRACTICE PROBLEM
TO GET YOU GOING.
If you color in 3 of the boxes in
the bar above, what fraction of the
whole bar is colored in?
First color in 3 boxes. Like this:
To find out what fraction of the
bar is colored in:
1. On the top,
write the NUMBER
OF BOXES YOU
COLORED IN.
2. Write the
TOTAL NUMBER
OF BOXES on the
bottom.
3
3
4
_3 of the bar is colored in!
4
1. Color 2 squares. What fraction
is colored?
Write:
<— Number of colored squares
<— Total number of squares
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Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
2. Color 1 section of the circle.
What fraction is colored?
6. Color 1 slice. What fraction
is colored?
Write:
Write:
<— Number of colored sections
<— Number of colored slices
<— Total number of sections
<— Total number of slices
3. Color 3 circles. What fraction
is colored?
Write:
7. Color 5 squares. What fraction
is colored?
<— What number goes here?
<— Number of colored circles
<— Total number of circles
4. Color 3 ovals. What fraction
is colored?
Write:
<— Number of colored ovals
<— Total number of ovals
5. Color 4 x’s. What fraction
is colored?
Write:
XXXXX
<— Number of colored x’s
<— Total number of x’s
<— What number goes here?
8. Color 7 donuts. What fraction
is colored?
oooooooooo
<— What number goes here?
<— What number goes here?
9. Color 6 triangles. What fraction
is colored?
10. Color 4 bars. What fraction is
colored?
10
SKILL 2:
Recognizing Fractions
Name
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
Five of the world’s great artists
have volunteered to explain how
their most famous work relates to
fractions.
Pablo Pescado:
I paint fishes.
Only fishes.
Always fishes.
People ask me,
“Pablo, why fishes?” I say to
them: Why not
fishes? No one
has ever been
able to give me a
reason why not.
Can you?
Fishes, Fishes
by Pablo Pescado
1. What fraction
of fishes is plain?
2. What fraction
is striped?
3. What fraction
has open mouths?
4. What fraction has
their mouths closed?
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Great Artists of the World
Draw Fractions
______
______
______
______
11
Leonardo da
Pepperoni:
Look into the eyes
of the young
woman. They tell a
story. It is a love
story. It is a story
of a woman and a
pizza. She loves
the pizza because
it has extra
cheese. I hate to
brag. But to me,
this is the most
beautiful painting
in the world.
Mona Lisa with a Pizza
by Leonardo da Pepperoni
5. What fraction of the
pizza has only cheese?
______
6. What fraction of the
pizza has pepperoni?
______
7. Five slices represent what
fraction of the pizza?
______
8. Eight slices represent what
fraction of the pizza?
______
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
In the desert
where I live, one
often comes
across a scene
like this. The sky
is bright. The cow
is lonely. The
fence is angry.
How can you tell?
It is picketing.
The Sky, a Cow, a Fence
by Georgia O’Fourth
9. What fraction of the
cow’s legs is colored?
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Georgia O’Fourth:
______
10. What fraction of the
cow’s legs is white?
______
11. What fraction of the
fence is colored?
______
12. What fraction of the
fence is white?
______
Salvadore Golly:
Little Men
Holding Umbrellas
Falling Out of the Sky
by Salvadore Golly
This painting was
inspired by a real
experience I had. It
started raining
hard. First it rained
cats and dogs.
Then it rained
shoes and socks.
Finally, it rained little men. Some of
them were wearing
hats, and some
were holding
umbrellas.
12
13. What fraction of the
little men are holding
umbrellas?
______
14. What fraction of the
men are not holding
umbrellas?
______
15. What fraction of the little
men are wearing hats?
______
16. What fraction of the men
are not wearing hats?
______
Diane Rhombus:
This is a picture of a
girl with a bad haircut making lemonade. I call it Girl With
a Bad Haircut Making
Lemonade. I tasted
some of the lemonade
after I finished the
picture. It was delicious. P.S. The girl
better get a new haircut.
Girl With a Bad Haircut
Making Lemonade by
Diane Rhombus
17. What fraction
of the pitcher is full?
______
18. What fraction of
the pitcher is empty?
______
19. What fraction of
the glass is full?
______
20. What fraction of
the glass is empty?
______
MORE: Draw your own artwork. When you’re done,
label all the fractions you can find on it.
SKILL 3:
Drawing and Identifying Fractions
Name
The History of Fractions:
A Play in One Act
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Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
Written and Performed by the Students in Ms. Webster’s Class
NARRATOR: No one knows for sure
who discovered fractions. But
experts suspect it had something to
do with the invention of the cookie,
back in the Stone Age.
STONE AGE MOM: Look, kids! It’s
one of those newfangled cookie
things!
STONE AGE KID: I want it.
OTHER KID: No, I want it.
MOM: Now look what you did. You
broke the cookie in two differentsized parts. Hmm—that gives me an
idea. You take this part. And you
take this other part. (She gives a
part to each kid.)
BOTH KIDS: Gee, thanks.
NARRATOR: Experts believe this
method of dividing cookies was used
for thousands of years. But as the
Iron Age dawned, kids began to
squabble over the size of the cookie
pieces they got.
IRON AGE KID: His piece is bigger
than mine!
OTHER KID: No, hers is bigger!
IRON AGE KID: Hey, what’s going
on in there?
IRON AGE MOM: (to Dad) Let me
borrow your ax. (She cuts another
cookie into two equal pieces.)
DAD: What do you call this strange
new method of peacemaking?
MOM: I call them HALVES.
BOTH KIDS: Wow.
NARRATOR: And so it was discovered that two halves of something
had to be of equal size. (And so did
three thirds, and four quarters, and
five fifths.) Following this discovery,
fractions flourished in the Ancient
World. True, there were those years
during the time of the Romans when
fractions were very difficult to write
and use.
ROMAN MOM: (shopping at Roman
store) Let’s see...I’d like a VIIIth of a
13
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pound of Roman Meal Bread.
ROMAN SHOPKEEPER: Oy. There
must be a better way.
NARRATOR: ...this shepherd girl...
SHEPHERD GIRL: I need to round
5
up _6
of my flock.
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
NARRATOR: Let’s fast-forward to a
More Recent Age. Two inventors,
Francine Numerator and Larry
Denominator, get together for an
historic agreement...
FRANCINE NUMERATOR: So it’s a
deal. We’ll call the top part of the
fraction the numerator—
LARRY DENOMINATOR: —and the
bottom part the denominator. Let’s
shake on it!
NARRATOR: And so modern fractions with numerators on the top
and denominators on the bottom
were born. People from all different
walks of life found uses for fractions.
For example, this piemaker...
1
PIEMAKER: My customer wants _2
of this big pie, and _2 of this small
3
pie.
NARRATOR: ...this carpenter...
3
CARPENTER: I need to paint _4
of
1
_
this long board and of this short
4
board.
NARRATOR: ...even this miser...
MISER: I need to save _4 of these
9
coins.
NARRATOR: Yes, fractions were
extremely useful. But the most useful purpose of all wasn’t discovered
until the very recent past. Here we
join a teacher sitting up late at
night.
MS. WEBSTER: I need something
that my students will find truly fun
and fascinating. Wait! I’ve got it!
Fractions!
NARRATOR: And so the best use of
fractions was found: to make the
students in Ms. Webster’s class
happy!
KID IN CLASS: Please, Ms.
Webster, give us more fractions for
homework...
ANOTHER KID: Oh, yes. Please!
Please!
MS. WEBSTER: Well, okay. If you
insist.
14
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ALL THE KIDS: Hurray!
NARRATOR: So what are you waiting for, kids? Settle down and do
these fractions!
8. Use any kind of drawing you
7
_
.
like to show the fraction 10
KID: They’re so cute and cuddly...
ANOTHER KID: and good for you,
too!
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
WHOLE CLASS: Goodnight, everyone.
THE END (curtain)
PROBLEMS
_1 of the
1. Mark and color in 2
piemaker’s large pie.
_1 of
9. Draw 6 shapes. Color in 2
the shapes.
_2 of his small
2. Mark and color in 3
pie.
_3 of the car3. Mark and color in 4
penter’s long board.
_1 of her short
4. Mark and color in 4
board.
5. How many sheep
does the shepherd girl
need to round up?
______
6. How many coins does
the miser need to save?
______
7. Use any kind of drawing you
_3
like to show the fraction 5.
_2 of
10. Draw 12 shapes. Color in 3
the shapes.
Note: Ideas expressed in this play are solely
those of Ms. Webster’s class. Any resemblance to
anything real is strictly a coincidence. Any historical facts that turn out to be true are likewise a
coincidence. We MADE ALL THIS UP! Yours truly,
Ms. Webster’s Class.
15
SKILL 4:
Comparing Fractions
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
Dear Ms. Fraction,
There’s this really cute boy in
school. I’ll call him Randy. He
2
offered me _3
of his candy bar.
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Name
Then there’s this other really cute
2
boy, Sandy. He offered me _5
of his
candy bar.
So now I don’t know. Who do you
think really likes me more, Randy or
Sandy?
Signed,
CLUELESS IN SEATTLE
Dear Clueless,
I don’t know who likes you more, but
I can tell you who is willing to give
you more candy. Look at these two
candy bars.
Color in _2 of the top one and _2 of
3
5
the bottom one. Which fraction of
candy bar is bigger?
Dear Ms. Fraction,
This girl in my class, Jennifer, really
thinks I’m cool. At least she thought
I was cool. Then she offered to split
a Mango Fango fruit drink with me.
Well, Ms. Fraction, I forgot what I
5
was doing and drank _6
of the Mango
Fango. That made Jennifer mad. She
says I’m worse than her last
7
boyfriend, Lloyd, who drank _8
of a
Choco-Rocko shake they were sharing.
So who’s worse, Lloyd or me?
Signed,
The Kansas City GULPer
Dear KCG,
Why don’t you line up a Mango
Fango next to a Choco-Rocko? Color
_5 of the Mango Fango and _7 of
in 6
8
the Choco-Rocko. That should tell
you who’s the bigger chugger.
Randy’s Candy Bar
Sandy’s Candy Bar
Yours Truly,
MS. FRACTION
16
Yours Truly,
MS. FRACTION
Mango
Fango
ChocoRocko
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Dear Ms. Fraction,
Help! I’m totally uncool. The way I
see it, a cool baseball cap would
1
make me _4
cooler than I am now.
But a totally cool haircut would
3
make me _8
cooler.
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
So which should I get, the hat or the
hair?
Signed,
Uncool in UPPER ONTARIO
Dear Uncool,
Personally, I think ice cubes in your
shoes would keep you the coolest.
But what do I know? To compare
the two cooling methods, divide
these bars and see which fraction
is bigger.
_1
4
3
_
8
cooler
cooler
Yours Truly,
MS. FRACTION
Dear Ms. Fraction,
I took a survey in school to find out
what girls really like in a guy. I
2
found that _3
of the girls liked a guy’s
3
smile, _4
thought a sense of humor
7
was important, _8
liked hair best, and
_1 felt that expensive
shoes were the
7
only thing that mattered. How can I
make sense of these results?
Signed,
Survey Sam
Dear Sam,
Draw the fractions below on
candy bars, pies, or whatever you
like. Then list them in order from
greatest to smallest. And if you
want my opinion, it’s no contest: It’s
the shoes.
17
Yours Truly,
MS. FRACTION
2
_
3
3
_
4
7
_
8
_1
7
Greatest to Smallest:
SKILL 5:
Equivalent Fractions
Name
My name is
Louis
Lewis. I’m a
Fractional
Detective. I
solve fraction cases.
You know
the type:
fourths,
eighths,
sixteenths, and so on. That’s why
they call me Louie Lewis, FPE,
Fractional Private Eye. Here’s my
card:
LOUIE LEWIS
Fractional Private Eye
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Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
Louie Lewis
Fractional Private Eye
Being an FPE is tough work, if you
can get it. The hours are long. The pay
is lousy. And the cases are baffling.
Take this case I had just the
other day...
The Case of the
Krispy Krackers
I got a call from Victor Kronsky. He’s
the millionaire owner of the Kronsky
Krispy Krackers Kompany. You know
the ones. They come in all different
sizes like: WHOLES, HALVES, and
FOURTHS.
Whole
Kracker
1
Does one
of these...
_1
Equal 2
of these?
2
_1
_1
4
4
Kronsky was frantic. His factory had
messed up a gigantic cracker order,
making thousands of FOURTHS
crackers instead of HALF crackers.
Unless he did something quick, his
whole cracker empire was doomed!
But there was one glimmer of hope.
Kronsky’s cracker experts had told
him that he could substitute two
FOURTHS for one HALF. But was it
true? Were two FOURTHS really
equal to one HALF?
“Blast it, Lewis!” Kronsky roared.
“I’ve got to know the answer to this
question, NOW!!”
18
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“Sure thing, Mr. Kronsky,” I replied.
“I’ll get right on it.”
THIRDS,” Kronsky said.
So I got right on it. But I’m not going
to tell you the answer.
Write 4 fractions that are
equal to 3_1 .
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
Instead, on another sheet of
paper, use diagrams, cutouts, or
numbers to prove the following:
1.
1
_
2
is the same as
2
_
4
2.
1
_
2
is the same as
4
_
8
3. Explain how you know your
answers are true.
Well, wouldn’t you know it. No sooner had I finished that problem when
Kronsky came up with a new one.
And this was a doozy. He wanted me
to find FOUR NEW FRACTIONS that
were equal to 2_1 .
Can you think of 4 more fractions
that are equal to 2_1? Write them
here.
4. _______
5. _______
6. _______
7. _______
Needless to say, I cracked the case.
“Lewis,” Kronsky said, “you’re a
genius. Now think of FOUR DIFFERENT FRACTIONS that are equal to 3_1 .”
“What for?” I asked.
8.
_______
10. _______
9. _______
11. _______
Kronsky was delighted when I finished. “Remind me to give you a
bonus,” he said.
“A bonus?” I said. “You haven’t even
paid me to begin with.”
But that didn’t matter. Kronsky had
more problems for me. He wanted
me to think of 2 fractions that were
equal to 3_2 , 4_3 , 5_2 , and 6_1 . Oh well.
Another day, another fraction.
Think of 2 different fractions that
are equal to each fraction below.
Draw a picture of each fraction if
you need to.
12. 3_2 = _______ _______
13. 4_3 = _______ _______
_2 = _______ _______
14. 5
_1 = _______ _______
15. 6
“I’m coming out with a new line of
crackers that are divided into
19
SKILL 6:
Introduction to Simplest Form
Name
9999999999999999
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
Martha and Steve:
Simplest Form
Ra-a-ah! Ee-e-urk! No
way! How do you know
if a fraction is written
in simplest form?
1
2
Take a look at _2
and _4
.
_1
2
Simplest
Form
Hello. I’m Martha Crunch, your personal fraction trainer. And this is
Steve.
Say, you know what really makes
me mad? Trying to do sit-ups while
wearing these solid lead earrings!
Every time I sit up I get bonked in
the head! Boy, that makes me mad!
You know what else makes me mad?
Fractions that aren’t in simplest
form. Look at these fractions:
2
_
4
3
_
12
14
_
21
They’re not in simplest form. We
don’t like ‘em like that. Do we,
Steve?
_2
4
Not
Simplest
Form
1
is
The fractions are equal. But _2
2
_
written in simplest form. 4 isn’t. How
can you tell when a fraction is in
simplest form? The easiest way is to
just try reducing. If you can’t
reduce, the fraction is probably in
simplest form.
20
Ra-a ee-urk. But how
do you write a fraction in simplest form,
Martha? What
about a fraction
_?
like 14
21
9999999999999999999
No sweat, Steve! Here’s one way:
Just think: what is the LARGEST
number that divides evenly into both
14 and 21? That’s right. It’s 7.
14
21
÷
÷
7
7
=
2
3
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
So just divide both 14 and 21 by 7.
_ equals _2.
In simplest form, 14
21
3
So you see, if you do it the MARTHA
CRUNCH WAY, writing fractions in
simplest form can be... JUST
PEACHY!
To see for yourself, try these problems. We did the first one for you.
5
_
1. 10
=
6
_
2. 14
=
_1
2
______
4
_
3. 20
= ______
20
_ =
4. 70
______
_
5. 15
25 = ______
_
6. 12
28 =
______
8
_
7. 32
= ______
18
_ =
8. 45
______
15
_ =
9. 18
______
24
_ =
10. 30
______
40
_ =
11. 80
______
36
_ =
12. 42
______
36
_ =
13. 45
______
28
_ =
14. 49
______
26
_ =
15. 39
______
48
_ =
16. 54
______
33
_ =
17. 44
______
40
_
18. 100
= ______
81
_ =
19. 90
______
64
_ =
20. 96
______
Hey, what’d I tell you? Was that a
piece of cake or was that a piece of
cake? Bye bye everyone! See you
next time.
MARTHA’S E-Z
FRACTION TIPS
BONUS
Hey, kids! Here’s a way to make
writing fractions in simplest form
easier than doing 25 one-handed
push-ups with your eyes closed.
First, simplify as best you can.
36 ÷ 6
6
=
48 ÷ 6
8
When you’re done, see if you can
simplify again. Sometimes you can.
6÷2
3
=
8÷2
4
So remember: When you’re done
simplifying, look again. Sometimes
you can simplify one more time.
Martha Crunch’s wardrobe furnished by Fraction Gal Fashions.
21
SKILL 7:
Improper Fractions and Mixed Numbers
Name
JOE: Welcome back, everyone.
1
You’re listening to 99 _2
WFRA, the
home of Talk Fraction Radio. I’m Joe
Trella, the Fraction Fella. OK, let’s
go to the phones. Betty, you’re on
Line 2.
99999999
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
Joe Trella,
Fraction Fella
BETTY: Hi Joe. Love your show. I
listen to it half the time.
JOE: Half the time? Why only half?
BETTY: Sorry, Joe. I was just joking, see. “Half” is a fraction. Get it?
JOE: I get it, Betty. What’s your
problem?
BETTY: It’s my 14-year old daughter, Dora Mae. Whenever I give her a
2
mixed number, like 2 _3
, she turns it
into an improper fraction. You know
the type. Where the top number is
8
bigger than the bottom. Like _3
. She
thinks it’s funny.
JOE: Hey, I used to do the same
thing when I was a kid.
BETTY: You did?
JOE: Sure. You know what you
ought to do? Use reverse psychology.
Give Dora Mae some improper fractions, and make her think you want
her to keep ‘em that way. I bet she’ll
turn ‘em right into mixed numbers.
BETTY: Great idea, Joe. Hey,
thanks a lot.
22
CHANGING IMPROPER FRACTIONS
TO MIXED NUMBERS
To write 7_ as a mixed number:
5
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
1. Divide the bottom (denominator)
into the top
(numerator).
2. Write the
remainder as a
fraction with the
same denominator.
1 R 2
5 7
1 R2
2
1_
5
9999999999999999999
ONE W
TO DO AY
IT
plest form, then go ahead and
change to simplest form.
AL: Is that all there is to it, Joe?
JOE: You bet. Here’s what you
should do. Try writing these improper fractions as mixed numbers.
Then, if they’re not in simplest form,
change ‘em to simplest form. You’ll
feel much better. I promise ya.
AL: Hey, thanks Joe. These improper fractions look great. They really
do. I’m gonna try ‘em as soon as I
hang up.
Write these improper fractions as
mixed numbers.
_3 = _______
1. 2
_ = _______
6. 16
5
_5 = _______
2. 3
_ = _______
7. 25
8
_7 = _______
3. 4
_ = _______
8. 35
6
_9 = _______
4. 2
57
_ = _______
9. 10
_ = _______
5. 14
5
91
_ = _______
10. 15
JOE: Let’s go to Al on Line 4. Hello,
Big Al.
AL: Hello, Joe. Love your show. So
anyway, what’s the deal with
improper fractions?
JOE: What do you mean?
AL: When I change an improper
fraction to a mixed number—sometimes I find it’s not in simplest form.
Is this normal?
JOE: Relax, big guy. You know
what my Uncle Roy used to say to
me? If you need to change to sim-
Write these improper fractions as
mixed numbers. Make sure they’re
in simplest form.
_8 = _______
11. 6
_ = _______
16. 13
7
_ = _______
12. 12
8
45
_ = _______
17. 36
_ = _______
13. 12
3
60
_ = _______
18. 48
_ = _______
14. 21
9
_ = _______
19. 100
24
30
_ = _______
15. 12
88
_ = _______
20. 16
JOE: Let’s go to Pauline on Line 5.
PAULINE: Hi, Joe. It’s my little
brother, Danny. He’s 10. Every time
he sees an improper fraction, it’s
like he NEEDS to turn it into a
mixed number.
JOE: Relax, Pauline. I think I know
someone your little brother would
like to meet. Her name is Dora Mae.
PAULINE: Oh, wow, Joe. That’s
sounds great.
23
9999999999999999999
JOE: So this is what you do. Have
your brother turn these mixed numbers into improper fractions. And I’ll
see about getting him together with
Dora Mae.
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
ONE W
TO DO AY
IT
CHANGING IMPROPER FRACTIONS
TO MIXED NUMBERS
2
To change 2 _3 to an improper fraction:
1. Multiply the
whole number by
the bottom (denominator) of the fraction.
2. Add the top
(numerator) of the
fraction to that
product.
3. Write the
improper fraction
with the same
denominator.
1
2 _
3
1
2_
3
6
6+1
7
_
3
Write these mixed numbers as
improper fractions.
PAULINE: Thanks, Joe. I think my
little brother’s really going to like
these fractions.
JOE: Not as much as he’s gonna
like Dora Mae.
PAULINE: You’re probably right,
Joe.
JOE: When it comes to fractions,
Pauline, I’m always right! Anyway,
that’s about all we have time for.
Goodnight, everyone!
_1 = _______ 26. 4 _5 = _______
21. 1 2
6
_2 = _______ 27. 10 _1 = _______
22. 2 3
3
_2 = _______ 28. 8 _3 = _______
23. 3 5
7
_1 = _______ 29. 12 _1 = _______
24. 4 2
6
_5 = _______ 30. 40 _2 = _______
25. 2 8
3
24
SKILL 8:
Practice Simplest Form
Name
Never More, Baltimore!
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
Once upon a midnight’s gloom
Sat young Lenore inside her room
Doing fractions late at night,
Her heart a-pounding, full of fright.
Whereupon she heard a moaning
Then a ghastly gruesome groaning
Followed by a ghostly roar,
‘Twas her pet parrot—Baltimore.
Making dreadful, squawking sounds
To mark each error that he found.
“Squawk!” he screeched. “Another blunder.”
Outside was heard a crack of thunder.
“Stop!” she cried, “And don’t come near.
Your squawking fills me full of fear.
Does my homework have mistakes?
Oh woe I am, my body quakes.”
The bird it squawked, and then it spoke:
“Oh good Lenore, I do not joke.
Your fractions, like a wilted flower,
Start out quite sweet but end up sour.
“Like a melancholy song
They start out right but end up wrong.
Your fractions would be truly best
If in simplest form they were expressed.”
“In simplest form?” said young Lenore.
“Oh please, I beg you, Baltimore.
Can you show me how it’s done?
We’ll work together; ‘twill be fun!”
25
And so the bird showed young Lenore
How to reduce for Ever More.
And as she worked all through the night,
She changed her answers to make them right.
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
And as the morning sun shone through
She had but one group left to do.
You see it on the page below,
So do it now, and off you go.
Here are Lenore’s answers. If an answer is written in simplest form, write “OK” in the blank next to the answer. If
the answer is not in simplest form, write it that way.
= _______
9.
32
_
48
= _______
2.
8
_
8 12
= _______
10.
48
_
56
= _______
3.
_7 = _______
58
11.
15
_
80
= _______
1.
12
_
16
=
_______
42
_ = _______
12. 12 48
30
_ =
5. 14 40
_______
12
_ = _______
13. 5 60
_______
14.
4.
25
_
30
6.
21
_
35
=
7.
18
_
25
= _______
54
_ = _______
15. 7 81
8.
22
_
55
= _______
16.
26
16
_
27
96
_
144
= _______
= _______
SKILL REVIEW:
Quiz 1
Name
99999999999999999
Ultra-Workout 1
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
Hi. Martha Crunch, your personal
fractions trainer, here. And this is
Ultra Workout 1!
te UltraCAUTION: Those who comple
ments
Workout 1 may experience mo
deep
of severe light-headedness and
mathematical understanding.
For your own safety, DO NOT
attempt Ultra-Workout 1 if any of
the following is true:
• Your hair is currently on fire.
• You have a chip on your shoulder
more than 17 inches long.
• You are being chased by a swarm
of angry bees.
• Each of your feet weighs more
than 250 pounds.
1. What fraction does this picture
represent?
__________________________________
2. Draw a picture that
_7 .
shows the fraction 9
3. Order these fractions from
7 _
1 _
7 _
1
_3, _
smallest to largest: 5
10, 3, 8, 2 .
__________________________________
4. Write two fractions
_2 .
that are equivalent to 5
__________________________________
_ in simplest form.
5. Write 24
32
__________________________________
6. Write _7 as a mixed number.
4
__________________________________
2
7. Write 4_ as an improper fraction.
3
__________________________________
Hey, wasn’t that easy?
See you next time, everyone!
27
SKILL 9:
Adding and Subtracting Fractions with Like Denominators
Name
99999999999999999
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
Rex Roper’s
Believe It or Not!
Hi, kids. I’m Rex Roper, ace reporter
for America’s number one tabloid, the
National Gasbag Chatterer. I’d like to
tell you about some things that are
so STRANGE, so BIZARRE, so downright SHOCKING that you may not
believe they actually happened.
Are these things true? Well, you be
the judge.
6
hour in the
Tommy was treated for _7
ICFU (Incredibly Crummy Food Unit)
at Fargo General Hospital. After
3
another _7
hour of observation, he
was released.
“I thought I was eating fish sticks,”
Tommy explained.
Doctors estimate that the boy swal3
lowed three bites of liver weighing _5
2
4
ounce, _5
ounce, and _5
ounce.
“Ketchup saved him,” said Dr. Janet
Janetski. “He had so much ketchup
on it, he couldn’t even taste the
liver.”
“Hey,” said Tommy. “I put ketchup
on everything.” Write all fractions in
simplest form.
1. How much time did
Tommy spend in the
hospital?
______
2. How much more time
was spent treating Tommy
than observing him?
______
Fargo, N.D. Ten-year-old Tommy
Farkus mistakenly ate liver for dinner last night.
3. How many ounces of
liver did Tommy eat in all? ______
Emergency teams rushed to the
scene.
4. How many ounces of
liver did Tommy eat in
his first 2 bites?
28
______
9999999999999999999
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
5. How much liver did Tommy
eat in his last 2 bites?
______
7. What fraction of victims
______
either panics or groans?
6. How much more liver did
Tommy eat in his third bite
than his second bite?
______
8. What fraction of victims
yowls or covers the stuff
with ketchup?
______
ADDING FRACTIONS WITH
LIKE DENOMINATORS
ONE W
TO DO AY
IT
8 5
To add 9_ + 9_ :
1. Add the
numerators
2. Change the
sum to a mixed
number, if necessary.
8 _
5
13
_
+
= _
9
9
9
13
_=
9
4
1 _9
9. What fraction of victims
panics, yowls, or covers
with ketchup?
______
10. What fraction panics,
groans, yowls, or covers
with ketchup?
Awful foods like liver can turn up on
your plate at any time. How can you
protect yourself? Here’s what the
experts say.
•
•
•
•
3
Don’t panic. _
16 of all victims
panic, but it doesn’t help.
1
_
of victims groan. That doesn’t
16
work either.
5
_
16 of victims yowl. Don’t bother.
_
7
16 of victims cover their food with
ketchup. This works best.
______
Bobville, SC: Mike, a mutt
owned by 12-year-old Brenda
Sykes, became the first dog in
history to actually eat a homework assignment.
Brenda had been making a scale
model of Washington D.C. out of
foot-long frankfurters when the
hungry pup struck.
“He ate the whole thing,” Brenda
said.
Among the monuments destroyed
1
were a _
12-pound frankfurter
5
White House, a _
12-pound frank7
furter Pentagon, a _
12-pound
_frankfurter Capitol, and an 11
12
pound frankfurter Smithsonian.
(See questions on the next page)
29
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
12. How much more
does the Smithsonian
weigh than the Capitol?
13. How much more does
the Capitol weigh than
the White House?
9999999999999999999
11. What is the total
weight of the frankfurter
White House and the
frankfurter Pentagon?
MISSING HOMEWORK:
THE REAL STORY
Homework taken
away by extraterrestrials
______
4
_
15
_1
15
2
_
15
8
_
15
Homework
run over by
lawn-mowers
______
Homework eaten
by cats,
hamsters,
etc.
Victim of the DUH
syndrome — homework
that has Disappeared,
is Unaccounted for, and
is Hard to explain.
______
14. What is the total weight
of all the buildings?
______
15. What fraction of
homework is eaten or
run over by lawn mowers?
______
16. What fraction is
run over or taken by
extraterrestrials?
______
17. What fraction is
eaten or becomes a
victim of DUH?
______
18. What fraction is
eaten, run over, or taken
away by extraterrestrials?
______
Each year, over 2 million school
kids claim, “The dog ate my homework.”
“But it’s almost never true,” said
homework expert Larry Twitch.
What actually does happen to all
that homework? Twitch has prepared a graph that explains the
mystery.
30
SKILL 10:
Adding and Subtracting Mixed Numbers with Like Denominators
Name
Texarkana Bernstein:
9999999999999999
The World’s Greatest Adventurer
and Her Trusty Dog, Woovis
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
EPISODE 1: In which Tex and
Woovis meet up with the famous
Johnny Hat-Size
Howdy, and welcome to The Tales of
Texarkana Bernstein: World’s
Greatest Adventurer. I’m Woovis the
dog, Tex’s faithful sidekick. Today’s
tale tells the story of one of our
greatest adventures. It all started
when Tex and me were doin’ some
explorin’ down near Dodge City. We
saw our old pals, Pete Forker and
Jane Spoon, being carting off to jail!
“I’d have known those two horse
thieves anywheres,” said the sheriff.
He pointed to a WANTED poster:
WANTED
Horse Rustlers
The hat sizes of these 2 desperadoes
adds up to exactly 30 inches
“I measured their hats myself, and
what do you know,” said the Sheriff,
“30 inches exactly.”
“We’re being framed!” Forker cried.
“These aren’t our hats! Our hats
5
both measure 14 _8
inches.”
“Please, Tex,” said Spoon. “You’ve
got to find Johnny Hat-Size and
bring him here!”
Before I go on with the story, try
these problems. Use the information
in the examples on the next page if
you need help.
1. Suppose Forker and
Spoon really do wear
_5-inch hats. What is
14 8
the sum of their hat sizes?
______
2. What is the difference
between the sum of
Forker’s and Spoon’s hat
sizes and 30 inches?
______
31
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
4. Write two other mixed
numbers that both add
up to 30.
ONE W
TO DO AY
IT
8
1. Add the whole
numbers and fractions separately.
2. Write the
improper fraction
in the sum as a
mixed number.
Then add it to the
whole number.
_
610
8
______
1. It’s hard to subtract a mixed number
from a whole number.
So write 6 as 5 44_
(because 5 + 44_ = 6).
6 + 1 _28
=
6
2
_
+
18
7 _28
=
3 41_
Subtract
3 _83
7
_
38
_
610
8
+
SUBTRACTING A MIXED NUMBER
FROM A WHOLE NUMBER
______
ADDING MIXED NUMBERS WITH
LIKE DENOMINATORS
Add 3 3_ and 3 7_ :
8
9999999999999999999
3. Suppose Forker wears
_5. What size would
size 14 8
Spoon need to wear to
make a total of 30 inches?
1
7 _4
So off we went, lookin’ for Johnny
Hat-Size. Johnny’s pretty much like
Johnny Appleseed, who roamed the
west plantin’ apple trees. Only
instead of plantin’ apple trees,
Johnny Hat-Size measures people’s
hat sizes.
from 6:
AY
ONE W IT
TO DO
6
_1
–
34
4
2. Subtract the fractions and whole numbers separately.
5 _4
_1
–
34
2 _43
We found Johnny near Cowtown,
Texas. Sure enough, he was measurin’ hat sizes. Had the whole town
lined up.
“Johnny!” Tex cried. “You got to
come with us. It’s Spoon and Forker.
They’re in jail.”
“Not again!” Johnny cried.
Johnny rode back to Dodge City
with us. On the way, he asked if he
could measured our hat sizes.
“Again?” Tex said. “You’ve measured
my hat dozens of times before. And
Woovis here’s a dog. He doesn’t wear
hats.”
32
Time for some more problems. Use
the example box if you get stuck.
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
5. What is the sum of Tex
and Woovis’s hat-sizes?
6. How much larger is
Tex’s hat size than
Woovis’s hat size?
7. How much less than
30 inches is the sum
of Tex’s and Woovis’s
hat sizes?
9999999999999999999
Old Johnny didn’t care. He mea5
sured Tex at 13 _8
inches and me,
7
_
Woovis, at 6 8 inches.
3
____________________________________
____________________________________
We got back to Dodge City to find
old Forker and Spoon stuck in their
jail cell.
“Measure us!” they cried to Johnny.
“Can’t,” said the Sheriff.
“Why not?” asked Tex.
ABSOLUTELY
NO
HAT-SIZE
F
MEASURING O
PRISONERS!
1
7 _3
2
_
–
43
4
6 _3
2. Subtract the fraction
and whole numbers
separately.
______
______
3
1. It’s hard to subtract
_2 from _1. So write 7 _1
3
3
3
4
as 6 _3
4
1
(because 6 + _3 = 7 _3).
______
8. Could Tex and Woovis be the
rustlers? Why or why not? ______
The
Sheriff
pointed to
a sign on
the wall.
SUBTRACTING A MIXED NUMBER
AY
FROM A MIXED NUMBER
ONE W IT
TO DO
Subtract 4 2_ from 7 1_ :
2
_
–
43
2 _23
“Hmm,” said Tex suspiciously.
Then we caught a lucky break. Some
runaway stolen horses came
steamin’ into town, draggin’ one of
the real crooks. His name was
Stinky Weeden.
“Where’s yer partner?” Tex asked.
“I ain’t tellin’,” Stinky said.
But it didn’t matter, because Johnny
came rushin’ over. He measured old
3
Stinky’s hat size at exactly 13 _8
inches. Now we had a way to figure
out the hat size of Stinky’s unknown
partner.
9. Is the hat of Stinky’s unknown
partner larger or smaller than
Stinky’s hat? Explain.
______
33
____________________________________
____________________________________
____________________________________
9999999999999999999
10. Forker and Spoon both
claim they have a hat size of
_5 inches. Could either of
14 8
them be Stinky’s partner?
Explain. __________________________
____________________________________
That was my cue. I quick ran over
and lassoed his head with my tail.
Then Johnny jumped in and measured the lasso.
“Sixteen and _5 inches,” he
____________________________________
announced.
____________________________________
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
on the floor. The Sheriff bent over to
pick it up.
11. What’s the hat size of
Stinky’s unknown partner? ______
Then Tex came up with a plan. “We
don’t know who Stinky’s partner is,”
she explained, “but we do know his
partner’s hat size. All we need to do
is measure every hat in town.”
So Johnny started measuring. Only
thing is, no one’s hat seemed to be
the right size. At the end of the day,
Johnny figured only one person had
gone unmeasured: the Sheriff.
“Sorry,” said the Sheriff. He pointed
to another sign on the wall.
ABSOLUTELY
NO
HAT-SIZE
MEASURING O
F
SHERIFF!
Tex swung into action. First, she
“accidentally” dropped a silver dollar
8
12. What is the sum of
Stinky’s and the Sheriff’s
hat sizes?
______
13. How much bigger was
the Sheriff’s hat than
Stinky’s hat?
______
14. How much bigger was
the Sheriff’s hat than
Forker’s and Spoon’s hats?
______
15. Who do you think
Stinky’s partner is? Why?
______
____________________________________
____________________________________
____________________________________
We should’ve known it’d all turn out
okay. They locked up that Sheriff
and let old Forker and Spoon out of
jail. Our old buddies couldn’t thank
us enough. And Johnny Hat-Size?
He kept on a measurin’ and a measurin’. In time, folks said he measured nearly every single hat size in
the West. And Tex and me, well, we
just kept havin’ adventures.
34
SKILL 11:
Least Common Denominators
Name
Hi. Welcome to another episode of
The Fraction Police, where each
week you’ll see...Real crimes. Real
Fractions. Real Justice.
9999999999999999
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
Officer Meg O’Malley
of the Fraction Police
I’m Officer Meg O’Malley. Has this
ever happened to you? A kid tries to
help you with your homework, but
gives you a WRONG ANSWER:
YOU: Wow, that’s a pretty neat trick.
KID: It’s easy. And I’ve got plenty
more tricks where that one came
from.
You say you’d never fall for a trick
like this? Wrong! Every year I see
kids just like you fall into BFHs—
Bad Fractional Habits. Pretty soon,
they’re committing FCs—Fractional
Crimes.
A Fractional Crime may look okay,
but it doesn’t work. Take the FC
mentioned above:
_1 _1
_2
2 + 3 does NOT equal 5.
To see why, just take a look at the
evidence.
OFFICIAL CRIME EVIDENCE
EXHIBIT 1A
1
1
KID: Trying to add _2
+ _3
, eh? That’s
easy. Want to see how to do it?
YOU: Well, I don’t know.
KID: You’ll see. My way is easier.
_1 + _1 equals _2. You just add up the
2
3
5
tops, then add up the bottoms.
35
_2
5
_2
bogus
answer
5
+
_1
2
_1
3
_1
3
_5
6
_1
real
answer
2
FINDING THE LEAST COMMON
DENOMINATOR
To get the correct answer, you need to
find the least common denominator.
How do you find the least common
denominator?
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
Think: What’s the smallest number that
can be divided evenly by both 3 and 2?
The answer is 6.
9999999999999999999
ONE W
TO DO AY
IT
How can you avoid falling into
BFHs and committing FCs? Easy.
Just do these problems. Make sure
your answers are in simplest form.
And read my handy tips below.
1.
4
+
=
=
_
6
_
6
To change both denominators to 6:
1
2
• Multiply _3 by _2.
1
3
• Multiply _2 by _3 .
+
_1
3
_1
2
x
x
x
x
2
_
2
3
_
3
=
=
=
=
2
_
6
3
_
6
Now both fractions have the same
denominator. When you add them, you
5
get a sum of _6.
+
2
_
6
3
_
6
5
_
6
(Hint: What’s the smallest number
that can be divided by both 1 and 2?)
+ 1
So 6 is the least common denominator
for this problem.
_1
3
_1
2
1
2
2.
2
5
+ 3
10
3.
2
3
+ 1
6
4.
36
3
5
+ 1
3
(Hint: What’s the smallest number
that can be divided by both 5 and 10?)
3
8
+ 1
2
6.
3
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
4
+ 1
6
7.
2
7
+ 5
14
8.
1
10
+ 1
2
9.
5
8
+ 1
6
9999999999999999999
5.
10.
37
7
10
+ 2
15
Straight Talk
from Meg
O’Malley,
Fraction Cop
• Be on the lookout for SFTs—
Suspicious Fractional Tricks.
• Report all FCs—Fractional
Crimes—to your local fractional
police.
• And when you’re adding fractions,
for Pete’s sake, USE A COMMON
DENOMINATOR!
SKILL 12:
Adding and Subtracting Fractions with Unlike Denominators
Name
9999999999999999
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
Martha’s Brain
Hello. I’m Martha Crunch, your personal fractions trainer. And this is
Steve.
Welcome to my brain, everyone!
Old Pasta Recipes
1
_
24
Gumption
_1
6
Stubborn
Determination
Imagination
1
_
12
_1
3
Vim and
Vigor
_1
8
Fa Olds
Ba hion
Go ked- ed
I
od
ne n
ss
?
As you can see, my brain is full of
good things...
...like Gumption, Vim and Vigor, and
Old-Fashioned Baked-In Goodness.
These things help me with my fractions.
Plus, you’ll feel better knowing that
my brain has absolutely NO artificial
flavorings, colorings, or preservatives.
1. What part of my brain takes up
the most space? __________________
____________________________________
2. What part takes up the smallest
space? ____________________________
____________________________________
3. Which part takes up more
space—Vim and Vigor or
Gumption? How much more space
does it take up? __________________
____________________________________
4. Which takes up more space—
Stubborn Determination or
Imagination? How much more
space does it take up? ____________
____________________________________
____________________________________
____________________________________
38
______
6. What fraction of my
brain is taken up by
Old-Fashioned Baked-in
Goodness?
______
9999999999999999999
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
5. Add up all the parts of
my brain except for the
Old-Fashioned Baked-in
Goodness. What fraction
do you get?
7. Which two parts of my brain
make up exactly 1/2 of my brain
power? ____________________________
____________________________________
8. Which three brain parts, when
added together, are equal in size
to Stubborn Determination? ______
____________________________________
9. Suppose my Old Pasta Recipes
triple in size. They would now
have the same size as what other
brain area? ________________________
____________________________________
Hey, this has been fun! For more
fun with My Brain, see page 75.
And for more fun with your own
brain, try my Handy Brain Tips
below.
Otherwise, so long everyone! See you
next time.
39
MARTHA’S HANDY
BRAIN TIPS
TIP 1: Your brain is a muscle.
Use it or lose it!
TIP 2: Math problems make
your brain strong. Do 500 or
more a day.
TIP 3: At night, store your
brain in a cool dry place, like
your head.
TIP 4: Try not to clutter your
brain with too many old pasta
recipes.
TIP 5: Get a complete brain
tune-up every 3 months or
3,000 thoughts, whichever
comes first.
SKILL 13:
Adding Mixed Numbers with Unlike Denominators
Name
Texarkana Bernstein:
9999999999999999
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
The World’s Greatest Adventurer
and Her Trusty Dog, Woovis
EPISODE 2: In which Tex and
Woovis get involved in another one of
their rollicking adventures
Howdy, and welcome to The Tales of
Texarkana Bernstein, the World’s
Greatest Adventurer. I’m Woovis,
Tex’s trusty dog. I’m also the narrator of this story. Tex and I were out
trekkin’ on another one of our unforgettable journeys. Down near the
Spooky-Dark Mountains we went,
searchin’ for fabulous fortunes, glitterin’ jewels, tantalizin’ treasures,
and hair-raisin’ adventure.
Suddenly, a piece of paper came
hurtlin’ through the window of our
tent. It had three Secret Numbers
written on it:
SN #1: 4 _2
3
1
SN #2: 1 _
6
3
SN #3: 3 _
4
The other side had a Secret Riddle:
SECRET RIDDLE #1
her
Strong as an ox, light as a feat
ther.
Add the Secret Numbers toge
more clear
The answer then will become
ear.
As 4 NEW Secret Numbers app
“Woof woof!” I said.
“Right again,” Tex said. “Let’s add
‘em up and see what happens. We’ll
use that information box on the next
page if we run into trouble.”
1. Add Secret Numbers
1 and 2 to find Secret
Number 4.
SECRET NUMBER 4 =
______
2. Add Secret Numbers 2
and 3 to find Secret
Number 5.
SECRET NUMBER 5 =
______
40
9999999999999999999
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
3. Add Secret Numbers 1
and 3 to find Secret
Number 6.
SECRET NUMBER 6 =
______
4. Add Secret Numbers 1,
2, and 3 to find Secret
Number 7.
SECRET NUMBER 7 =
of Saturn
The sands of Mars, the rings
?
ern
Can you see a Riddle patt
her
Strong as an ox, light as a feat
together.
bers
Add the NEW Secret Num
______
“Listen to this,” Tex said. She read
the riddle aloud:
ONE W
TO DO AY
IT
ADDING MIXED NUMBERS
WITH UNLIKE DENOMINATORS
Add 5 1_ and 4 7_ :
3
1. Write the mixed
numbers with a
common denominator. Add the
whole numbers
and the fractions
separately.
2. Write the
improper fraction
in the sum as a
mixed number.
Then add it to the
whole number
9
+
5 _31
=
5 _93
4 _97
=
4 _97
_
910
9
_
910
9
=
9 + 1 _91
9
_1
+
19
10 _91
Well, we did it, all right. Solved that
old Riddle Number 1 as sure as my
name’s Woovis. Now that we’d solved
Riddle 1, it was on to Riddle 2. We
found it blowing among the tumbleweed.
SECRET RIDDLE #2
5. Add Secret Numbers 4
and 5 to find Secret
Number 8.
SECRET NUMBER 8 =
______
6. Add Secret Numbers 4
and 6 to find Secret
Number 9.
SECRET NUMBER 9 =
______
7. Add Secret Numbers 4
and 7 to find Secret
Number 10.
SECRET NUMBER 10 =
______
8. Add Secret Numbers 5
and 6 to find Secret
Number 11.
SECRET NUMBER 11 =
______
9. Add Secret Numbers 5
and 7 to find Secret
Number 12.
SECRET NUMBER 12 =
______
10. Add Secret Numbers
6 and 7 to find Secret
Number 13.
SECRET NUMBER 13 =
______
41
9999999999999999999
11. Add Secret Numbers 4,
5, 6, and 7 to find Secret
Number 14.
SECRET NUMBER 14 =
______
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
Well, we were so busy goin’ along
there, addin’ up the Secret Numbers
that we didn’t realize we’d fallen in a
pit of poisonous snakes. And we
surely didn’t hear Tex’s EVIL ARCH
RIVAL, Miles Portly, sneak up on us.
“Tex,” Portly snickered, “I want to
thank you and your scrungy dog for
leadin’ me straight to the treasure.”
“Treasure?!” we said. And sure
enough, underneath all the snakes
was a treasure chest with a combination lock. Written on the chest
were these words:
Salsa, Cha-cha, do the Mambo
Combo:
Here’s how you get the Secret
t
The lock will open without a figh
t-left-right...
If you go this many turns, righ
bers 1 and 11
Right: The sum of Secret Num
7
Left: Now add Numbers 10 and
9
and
Right: Add Secret Numbers 14
.
And everything will turn out fine
12. Which combination
number did Miles get
correct?
______
13. Which numbers
did Miles get wrong?
______
14. What is
the correct
combination?
______
Well, after old Miles tried out the
wrong combination, a whole bunch
of stuff happened: the pit caved in,
the snakes got loose, et cetera, et
cetera. In the end, old Miles found
himself in a bucket of mud. Haw,
haw.
Meanwhile, Tex and I got the treasure. But being the nice, kindly
hombres we are, we decided to give
it all away. We pretty much ended
up with what we began with: nothin’
much but a good adventure.
Old Miles Portly demanded we give
him the Secret Numbers. Which we
did. But Tex wasn’t concerned.
“Don’t worry,” she said. “Old Miles
will make a mistake.”
Which he did. Old Miles figured that
the numbers for the combination
lock were 17, 25, and 44.
42
SKILL 14:
Subtracting Mixed Numbers with Unlike Denominators
Name
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
SCENE 1: A beautiful park. A boy
and a girl carry a picnic basket.
GIRL: This is going to be a great
picnic.
99999999999999999
Billy Doogan,
Roving Weather Man
NARRATOR: Overhead, a big, black
rain cloud blocks out the sun.
BOY: Oh, no! Our picnic will be
ruined!
park. We’ll reach a high of 82 and a
3
low of 68 _4
degrees today. Normal
1
_
high is 83 3 degrees. Normal low is
1
69 degrees. I expect 1 _4
inches of
rain from that big black cloud. That
will give us a total of 10 inches of
rain so far this month.
BOY: B-b-but how do you know all
this?
BILLY: I’m Billy Doogan, Roving
Weather Man! I roam around, doing
what I can, helping people with their
weather problems.
NARRATOR: Suddenly, Billy disappears.
BOY: Who was that guy?
GIRL: He’s Billy Doogan, Roving
Weather Man.
BOY: I know, but who was he really?
GIRL: Look, we can’t talk now.
We’ve got to get out of here. It’s
going to rain!
NARRATOR: Suddenly, a kid in a
super-hero suit appears.
GIRL: Who are you?
BILLY: I’m Billy Doogan, Roving
Weather Man!
BOY: Huh??
PROBLEMS
1. How many degrees does
Billy expect the temperature
to rise this afternoon?
______
BILLY: Here’s my complete forecast:
1
Currently, it’s 76 _2
degrees in the
43
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
3. What is the difference
between the current
temperature and the
expected low?
4. What is the difference
between the normal high
and the normal low?
5. Find the difference
between today’s expected
high and the normal high.
6. Find the difference
between today’s expected
low and the normal low.
9999999999999999999
2. What is the difference
between today’s expected
high and low?
SUBTRACTING MIXED
NUMBERS WITH UNLIKE
DENOMINATORS
______
2
Subtract 5 65_ from 10 3_ :
1. Write both
mixed numbers
with a common
denominator.
______
–
2. Rename the
mixed number
you’re subtracting from, if necessary.
______
7. How many inches of
rain have fallen this month
before today?
______
10 _23
=
10 _46
5 _56
=
5 _56
–
10 _46
=
_
9 10
6
5 _5
=
5 _56
–
3. Subtract the
whole numbers
and fractions
separately.
______
______
AY
ONE W IT
TO DO
6
–
4 _56
SCENE 2: Man and woman in a
movie theater, waiting for a movie to
start.
MAN: Oh my gosh! We left the ice
cream in the trunk of the car. We
have to take it home or it’ll melt.
WOMAN: Isn’t there anything we
can do?
NARRATOR: Suddenly, Billy
Doogan appears!
GIRL: Who are you?
44
9999999999999999999
BILLY: I’m Billy Doogan, Roving
Weather Man! But don’t worry. The
3
temperature is now 30 _4
degrees.
Your ice cream won’t start to melt
until the temperature reaches 32
degrees.
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
WOMAN: Do you mean we can stay
and watch the movie?
BILLY: That’s right. My forecast
1
calls for a high of 34 _2
degrees, but
your movie will be long over by then.
MAN: Thank goodness. You’ve
saved us, Roving Weather Man!
BILLY: Hey, I’m only doing my job.
2
By the way, winds are calm at 4 _3
miles per hour. They should
increase to about 6 miles per hour
tonight. My overnight forecast calls
2
for _3
of an inch of snow. This should
give us a total of 5 inches on the
ground. Good day, and good weather
to you.
NARRATOR: Billy disappears.
MAN: What a great guy!
WOMAN: I wonder why he does
what he does?
MAN: Beats me. Oh well, let’s sit
back and enjoy our movie.
MORE PROBLEMS
8. How many degrees
will it have to warm up
before the ice cream
starts to melt?
9. How many degrees
above freezing will today’s
high be?
______
10. What is the difference
between the current
temperature and today’s
expected high?
______
11. By how many miles
per hour does Billy
predict the wind speed
will increase?
______
12. How many inches
of snow are on the ground
right now?
______
13. How many inches
of snow would have to
fall to have a foot of snow
on the ground by tonight?
______
______
45
SKILL REVIEW:
Quiz 2
Name
99999999999999999
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
Ultra-Workout, Too!
Howdy, folks. This is Woovis the dog,
your host for Ultra-Workout, Too!
Now, folks often ask me, “How do
you know when you’ve solved a
problem correctly, Woovis?”
The answer is simple. Just look
down at your tail. It usually wags
when the answer is correct.
Of course, if you don’t HAVE a tail,
then maybe you better think of
somethin’ else. Like checkin’ your
answer or somethin’.
Anyway, go ahead and do these
problems. And for goodness sakes—
pay attention to your tail!
4
7
_
_
1. Add 15
+ 15
.
______
_4 and _1 . _______
3. Find the sum of 9
6
4. Here’s one of my favorite
recipes. I call it Cheez-Whip
Soo-Flay a là Woovis: Mix
_1 cup of flour, _3 cup of
4
8
1
smashed dog biscuits, and _3
cup of Cheez-Whip. How many
cups does this recipe make?
______
3
_
_3 .
5. Subtract 4 10
from 7 5
______
6. I can smell Nacho-Flavored
Cheez-Whip from 6 blocks away.
I can smell Regular Cheez-Whip
2
from only 4 _ blocks away. How
3
much closer do I need to get
to smell Regular Cheez-Whip? ______
7
_7 to 8 _
7. Add 4 8
12 .
______
8. Did you know you can
use Cheez-Whip to power
your car? Suppose you filled
1
your gas tank with 15 _ gallons
4
2. I love Cheez-Whip. Suppose
7
I found a 2 _
12 pound can of it. I would
5
probably eat 1 _ pounds
of Cheez-Whip. Then you drove around
of it and save the rest. How
gallons would be left?
12
much would I save?
for a while and burned
3
up 6 _ gallons. How many
5
______
46
______
SKILL 15:
Multiplying Fractions by Whole Numbers
Name
99999999999999999
Emily Taproot,
Fractional Poet
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
Hello. I’m Emily Taproot, Fractional
Poet. And today I’d like to share
some of my favorite fractional poems
with you.
What do fractions mean to me? Read
this poem and find out.
The Power of Fractions
I am fraction
Hear me roar.
In the kitchen
Through the door.
Someone dropped me
On the floor.
By the way...
What’s _56 of 54?
_5 of 54?
1. Well, what is 6
________
If you don’t know, try this example.
ONE W
TO DO AY
IT
FINDING A FRACTION OF A WHOLE
What is _3 of 10?
5
3 10
_
x _
5
1
1. Write the whole
number as a fraction.
Then write the problem as a multiplication expression.
2. Simplify if you can.
1
3. Multiply the numerators together and
the denominators
together.
3 x 10
_
_
5 1
3 x _
2
_
1
1
2
=
6
_
1
Fractions can reveal our inner
feelings:
Inner Feelings
I’m sad. I’m blue.
What’s _34 of 32?
I don’t know.
How about you?
_3 of 32?
2. Well, what is 4
________
Fractions can tell us about love...
Fragments of Love
A cloudy day.
My love and I walk by the bay.
And then, he surprises
As a fundamental question arises:
3
_
“What’s 10
of 90?” he inquires.
My heart burns with a thousand fires.
3
of 90?
________
3. OK, what is _
47
10
9999999999999999999
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
Fractions can tell us about our deepest hungers...
But sometimes you just want to
have fun:
Thoughts on a Spring Day
Some Poems Are Just
Plain Fun
You know what I’d like?
To solve a fraction
While riding my bike.
Now that would be fun.
Like: What’s _13 of 21?
Or: What’s _38 of 24?
Dare I do more?
Or shall I fall asleep and start to snore?
_1 of 21
4. What is 3
and _3 of 24?
8
________
The Joy of Fractions
The satisfaction
I get from a fraction
Is something that sticks...
All the way from my feet
To the bottom of my appendix.
So tell me, please...
What’s _23 of 36?
_2 of 36?
________
5. So what is 3
...and our biggest frustrations.
Oh drat. Oh gee.
What’s _13 of 33?
I don’t know.
Can you tell me?
_1 of 33?
6. Well, what is 3
8
Thank you for sharing these poems
with me. Here’s a little going-away
gift for you.
________
...our happiest joys...
A Cry for Help
Occasionally a poem is just plain fun.
But this ain’t the one.
This one is a bore:
What’s _87 of 64?
________
7. Well, what is _7 of 64?
The End
Oh wow. What fun.
_2 of 21?
8. What’s 3
After you tell me
You’ll be done.
________
48
________
FINDING A FRACTION OF A WHOLE
Bonus! Yet another way to do it!
(This way uses a picture.)
What is _23 of 6?
1. Divide 6
into thirds.
_1
3
_1
3
_ of 6 = 4
2. 2
3
2 of 6 = 4
_
3
_1
3
SKILL 16:
Multiplying Fractions
Name
99999999999999999
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
The Frackie Awards
JERR Y: LIVE from Hollywood, welcome to the Third Annual Fractional
Academy Awards. I’m your co-host,
Jerry Fragment.
DEBBIE: And I’m Debbie Slash,
your other co-host, reminding you
that this year’s Frackies are brought
to you by Common Denominator:
When it comes to fractions, we’re the
common denominator.
JERR Y: As you’ll recall, Cheese
Man is the story of a man whose
entire body turns to cheese.
DEBBIE: The local townspeople
think Cheese Man is evil. But all
Cheese Man really wants is a hug
from Vickie Ganoosh. Here she is in
a powerful fractional scene:
Scene from
CHEESE MAN: THE MOVIE
VICKIE GANOOSH: Oh, Cheese
Man. I DO love you. Before, I only
2
1
3
loved _3
of _2
of you. Later, I loved _4
of
_2 of you.
But now, I love all of you.
3
4
7
Or at least _5
of _8
of you.
CHEESE MAN: Me never so happy
in whole life. Me not think so good
because brain made of cheese. But if
5
3
me could think, _6
of _4
of me would
feel happy. That some powerful happiness, Vickie Ganoosh.
JERR Y: Well, Debbie, without any
further ado, let’s get to the awards.
This first Frackie goes to the Best
Supporting Fraction in a Comedy,
Drama, or Action Sequence.
DEBBIE: Our first nominee is
Vickie Ganoosh in Cheese Man:
The Movie.
49
FINDING A FRACTION OF A FRACTION
1 of _
1?
What is _
2
AY TO
ONE W OUT IT
AB
THINK
2
1. Start with _12.
2. Take _12 of that.
3. That shows you
that _12 of _12 is _14.
_1
2
_1
4
_1 of _1 = _1
4
2
2
_1
2
9999999999999999999
Scene from
(Thunderous applause from audience)
1. Befor e, V ickie only
_2 of 1
_
loved 3
2 of the Cheese
_2 of 1
_
Man . What is 3
2 ?
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
_3
2. Later, V ickie loved 4
_2 of the Cheese Man.
of 3
_3 of _2 ?
What is 4
3
3. What fraction of the
Cheese Man does V ickie
love now?
4. What fraction of the
Cheese Man feels happy?
ONE W
TO DO AY
IT
MULTIPLYING A FRACTION
BY A FRACTION
What is _3 x _5 ?
5
6
1
1. Simplify if you can.
1
2. Multiply the
numerators together
and the denominators together.
3 x _
5
_
5 6
_1 x _1
1 2
1
=
2
1
=_
2
JERR Y: (Sniffs away a tear.) Wasn’t
that wonderful, Debbie? Our second
Frackie nominee comes from the
comedy Dull as Dirt.
DEBBIE: Dull as Dirt is the story of
two guys who are dull as dirt.
They’re so dull that their dullness
becomes a secret weapon for the
FBI. Here’s a scene where an FBI
scientist interviews them:
DULL AS DIRT
SCIENTIST : Think real hard on
3
of a cookie. What
this one. I have _4
_
1
_
3
is 2 of that 4 ?
DULL GUY: Huh?
3
SCIENTIST : Try this one: I have _5
_
5
of a pizza. What’s 6 of that?
OTHER DULL GUY: Whuh?
_
SCIENTIST : OK, what’s _5 of 16
8
25
of a pie?
BOTH DULL GUYS: Huh?
(Curtain goes up. Another thunderous
applause)
5. The scientist asked
_1 of _3 of a cookie
what 2
4
was. What is it?
_3 of _5
6. What is 5
6
of a pizza?
6
_5 of 1_
7. What is 8
25
of a pie?
DEBBIE: Our third nominee comes
from the exciting thriller, Murder on
the Fraction Express. Listen as
bungling detective Lon Largely and
his sidekick Pokey figure out who
the criminal must be.
50
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
MURDER ON THE
FRACTION EXPRESS
9999999999999999999
Scene from
LON LARGELY: (Fingers his slim
mustache) Wait! Alice was in the par2
of an hour, right? So she
lor for _3
and Bob must have been drinking
1
tea for _2
of that time. Meanwhile,
Carmen and Ron were on a walk
3
that lasted _4
of an hour. They were
5
out of sight for _6
of that time.
POKEY: Which means the money
was left unattended for only _1
6 of an
_
3
hour. If Digby spent 5 of that time
playing the violin, it means that...
LON: ...Monica Monroe MUST have
done it. Brilliant, Pokey. Simply brilliant.
(Curtain goes up. Another thunderous
applause.)
8 . What
ho ur did
sp end in
dri nking
fra ction of an
Alice and Bob
t he pa rlor
tea?
9. What fraction of an
hour did Car men and
Ron spend out of sight?
10. What fraction of an
hour did Digby spend
playing the violin?
JERR Y: Wow! That was exciting.
And now, the moment we’ve all been
waiting for. Do you have the envelope, Debbie?
DEBBIE: I sure do, Jerry. Oh my
gosh! You’re not going to believe
this, Jerry. It’s a three-way tie for
the Frackie!
JERR Y: Unbelievable! Vickie
Ganoosh, the Dull Guys, and Lon
Largely all win Frackies. Come on up
here, everyone!
(Thunderous applause as Vickie, the
Dull Guys, and Lon walk up to the
stage)
4
DEBBIE: Oh, no. We only have _5
of
a minute for all 4 of them to give
their speeches. What should we do?
1
JERR Y: Each person gets _4
of that
_4 of a minute to speak.
5
DEBBIE: Great idea, Jerry. Good
night, everyone!
11. For what fraction of
a minute does each per son get to speak?
12. For how many sec onds does each person
get to speak? (Hint: How
many seconds ar e in a
minute?)
51
SKILL 17:
Reciprocals
Name
9999999999999999
Emily Taproot’s
Winky-Tinky Tigglesworth
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
Hello. I’m Emily Taproot, Fractional
Poet. Today I’d like to talk to you
about reciprocals. Here’s a very
small poem about reciprocals:
“Reciprocal, reciprocal...”
Ugh! Nothing seems to rhyme with
the word reciprocal! Fortunately, it’s
easier to find a reciprocal than to
make up a poem about one.
How do you find reciprocals?
Easy. Just turn the number or
fraction upside down. Here are
some examples.
FINDING RECIPROCALS
ONE W
A
TO DO Y
IT
ANOT
HER
TO DO WAY
IT
Find the reciprocal of 3
3
1. Write the number
as to a fraction.
2. Reverse the
numerator and
denominator.
3
_
1
=
3
_
1
_1
3
4
Find the reciprocal of _
7
1. Just reverse
the numerator
and denominator
4
_
7
7
_
4
Hey wait. I just remembered a poem
that is about reciprocals.
Winky-Tinky
Tigglesworth
Winky-Tinky Tigglesworth
Found the reciprocal of 1.
“I turned it upside-down,” said Winky.
“Hey, this is sort of fun.”
Winky-Tinky Tigglesworth
Computed the reciprocal of 50
“That’s good,” Winky’s mother said.
“You’ll grow up fair and thrifty.”
52
9999999999999999999
Winky-Tinky Tigglesworth
Got the reciprocal of 7 over 18
“It’s neither small nor big,” said Winky.
“It’s kind of in-between.”
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
Winky-Tinky Tigglesworth
Found the reciprocal of 2.
“I think I’m getting the hang of it,”he said.
“Though the concept’s still quite new.”
Winky-Tinky Tigglesworth
Discovered the reciprocal of 3 over 8.
“It’s a lot like flipping coins,” he said.
“I think this is working out great.”
Winky-Tinky’s fish was named
“The Reciprocal of 4 over 9.”
“It’s kind of an awkward name,” he said.
“But I think he likes it fine.”
Winky-Tinky Tigglesworth
Got stuck on the reciprocal of 1 _2
3.
“I feel so frustrated right now,” Winky said.
“I’m at a loss for words.”
Winky-Tinky was tired after finding
The reciprocal of 1 over 8.
“To you it might seem early,” he said.
“But to me it’s very, very late.”
“Fshew!” said Winky-Tinky
_4 .
As he found the reciprocal of 33
“I feel much better now,” Winky said.
“Let’s have a cup of tea.”
Find the reciprocals of the num bers and fractions in the poem
5. Recipr ocal of 1_78 :
6. Recipr ocal of _4:
_______
7. Recipr ocal of 1 3_2:
8. Recipr ocal of _1:
_______
9. Recipr ocal of
_______
_______
9
8
_4
33:
_______
Her e ar e some bonus
recipr ocals to find
10. Recipr ocal of 2 _1:
_______
11. Recipr ocal
of 11_2
6 in simplest for m:
_______
12. Recipr ocal
of 55_0
0 in simplest for m:
_______
2
Super Bonus
13. What is the
recipr ocal of 3_2?
_______
14. What is the
recipr ocal of your
answer to pr oblem 13?
_______
15. What is the
5
recipr ocal of 7_
?
_______
16. What is the
recipr ocal of your
answer to pr oblem 15?
_______
1. Recipr ocal of 1:
_______
17. Make up a rule about finding
the recipr ocal of a r eciprocal.
(Hint: See your answers to
pr oblems 13 thr ough 16.)
2. Reciprocal of 2:
_______
____________________________________
3. Recipr ocal of 50:
4. Reciprocal of _3:
_______
____________________________________
_______
____________________________________
8
53
SKILL 18:
Dividing Fractions
Name
99999999999999999
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
Louie Lewis: The Case
of the Flipping Fractions
My name is Louis Lewis. I’m a
Fractional Detective. I specialize in
fractional cases. That’s why they
call me:
LOUIE LEWIS
Fractional Private Eye
Sometimes an FPE gets a weird case.
For example, the other day this guy
Mopey Mulligan calls me up. Mopey’s
a joker. Always trying to be funny.
“Excuse me?” I said.
“It’s the alphabet without a ‘C,’” he
explained. “Long time, no C.’ Get it?
No see?”
“I get it,” I said. “So what’s up,
Mopey?”
“I’m in a jam, Louie,” he said.
“Punky Pearson paid me a whole
bunch of money to do these division
problems.”
“What’s wrong with division?” I
asked. “You were always good at
division, Mope.”
“Yeah,” he said. “But this is FRACTIONS, Louie. Look at this sample
problem that Punky did.”
2
_
3
÷
4
_
9
=
1 _21
“Hmm,” I said. “Are you sure this
answer’s right?”
“Positive,” he said. “You gotta help
me figure this out, Louie. You just
GOTTA.”
Suddenly I noticed something Punky
had written on the side of the page:
“Hey Louie,” he said. “Long time,
ABDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ.”
54
2
_
3
÷
4
_
9
=
2
_
3
x
9
_
4
9999999999999999999
“What does it mean?” Mopey asked.
And then it hit me. Punky was using
the old reciprocal trick! “Of course,” I
cried. “He just flipped and multiplied!”
“Flipped and multiplied?” Mopey
said. “What’s that? Sounds like a
circus trick they do on the flying
trapeze.”
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
“Not at all,” I said. “Just look at this
example.”
ONE W
TO DO AY
IT
DIVIDING FRACTIONS
2 _
4
What is _
3 ÷ 9?
1. Find the reciprocal of the fraction
you’re dividing by. Invert, or flip the numerator and denominator.
2
_
3
÷
4
_
9
=
2 x _
9
_
3 4
2. Then multiply as you would normally.
1
1
2 x _
9
_
3 4
3
=
2
3
_
2
=
1
1 _2
“I get it,” Mopey said. “When you
divide fractions you just FLIP and
MULTIPLY. That’s how you divide
fractions.”
“Flip and multiply,” I said. “That’s
the ticket.”
Mopey was all smiles. “You’re the
greatest, Louie!” he cried. “What do I
owe you?”
But I just shook my head. I didn’t
need any reward. For me, just solving the case was reward enough. My
job was done.
You, of course, have one more job to
do. You need to solve the problems
below. Once you do that we can
truly say:
THIS CASE IS CLOSED.
1. 3_2 ÷ 9_4 =
_1
1
____2___
7
2. 9_7 ÷ 1_
8 =
_______
3
3. 8_5 ÷ 1_
6 =
_______
6
4. 5_3 ÷ 2_
5 =
_______
1
5. 8_7 ÷ 1_
2 =
_______
9
6. 4_3 ÷ 1_
6 =
_______
1
0
_
7. 7_5 ÷ 2
1 =
_______
8. 6 ÷ 3_2 =
_______
9. 12 ÷ 4_3 =
_______
1
8
_
10. 1_30 ÷ 2
5 =
_______
1
6
2
4
_
_
11. 2
5 ÷ 35 =
_______
8
12. 3_2 ÷ 3_
3 =
_______
9
5 _
13. 11_
6 ÷ 32 =
_______
2
4 _
_
6
14. 4
9÷7 =
_______
3
3
_
_
1
15. 1
24 ÷ 40 =
_______
55
SKILL 19:
Multiplying and Dividing Mixed Numbers
Name
99999999999999999
Officer Meg O’Malley:
Episode 2
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
Hi. Meg O’Malley here. Welcome to
another episode of The Fraction Police.
See that kid? We’ll call her Wendy.
Wendy was a kid who thought she
knew all the answers. She was
smart. She was tough. She was
building a tree house. When it came
time to order wood for the roof, the
lumber store clerk asked, “How
many square yards do you want?”
As I said, Wendy was smart. She
looked at her plans.
Then she
2 _41 yd.
thought,
“I’ll multiply
Tree house
_1 yd.
1
_1.”
1
3
2_
by
1
4
3
roof
Which was correct. But here’s where
she made her big mistake. She multiplied the whole numbers and fractions separately.
2 _1
WEN
BIG M DY’S
ISTAK
E
4
x
1 _1
3
2 _1
12
That might sound right. But it’s
WRONG! It doesn’t work! It’s a FC—
a Fractional CRIME!
You can probably guess what happened from here.
Wendy ordered the wood. The wood
was the wrong size.
And guess what happened when it
rained on Wendy’s tree house?
WENDY GOT WET!!!
Is there a moral to our story?
Don’t build tree houses in rainy
places, perhaps. But more importantly, don’t commit FCs or fall
into BFHs—Bad Fractional Habits.
Learn how to multiply mixed numbers correctly.
56
_1
1
Multiply: 2 _
4 x 1 3
1. Write
the mixed
numbers as
improper
fractions:
9 x _
4
_
4 3
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
3
2. Multiply
as you
normally
would:
9 x _
4
_
4 3
=
1
=
1
3
_
1
=
3
9999999999999999999
ONE W
TO DO AY
IT
Don’t worry about Wendy. We
straightened her out. Fixed her roof,
too. When she multiplies fractions
now, she does it the RIGHT WAY.
But don’t be fooled. What happened
to Wendy could happen to you. I’ve
seen it a thousand times.
1. 1 3_2 x 1 5_1 =
2. 1 4_3 x 1 3_1 =
1
3. 3 _
x 1 _7 =
_______
4. 1 6_1 x 9 =
5. 2 9_2 x 3 5_3 =
6. 2 _3 x _4 =
_______
3
4
• Be on the lookout for SFTs—
suspicious fractional tricks.
• Report all FCs—fractional crimes—
to your local fractional police.
• And for Pete’s sake, always WRITE
MIXED NUMBERS AS IMPROPER
FRACTIONS when you multiply!
_______
8
_______
_______
5
3
4
_
_
7. 1 1
15 x 121 =
3
_
_1
8. 1 1
27 x 1 8 =
1
9. 6 _1 x 1 1_
=
_______
3
2
3
_
10. 3 2_
0 x 1 27 =
_______
8
_______
_______
21
Bonus Tip! This method works for
DIVISION, too. Check out this example:
How can you avoid turning Wendy’s
UHS (Unhappy Story) into your own
UHS? Simple. Just do these problems
—and read my handy tips below.
Straight Talk
from Meg
O’Malley,
Fraction Cop
_______
AY
ONE W IT
TO DO
_1
3
Divide: 1 _
7 ÷ 3 3
1. Write the mixed
numbers as
improper fractions.
3. Substitute the
reciprocal of the
number you’re dividing by.
4. Multiply
normally.
1
10
_ ÷ 10
_
7 3
=
10
3
_ x _
7 10
=
10
3
3 = _
_ x _
7 10 1 7
Now try these problems:
11. 2 5_2 ÷ 1 5_1 =
_______
1
12. 2 1_
0 ÷ 14 =
_______
57
SKILL 20:
Multiplying and Dividing Mixed Numbers
Name
99999999999999999
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
Yucky Cooking
with Mr. Pierre
Welcome to Yucky Cooking. I’m Mr.
Pierre. People ask me all the time,
“What is Yucky Cooking, Mr. Pierre?”
I tell them that Yucky Cooking is
more than just cooking with yucky
food. It’s a whole way of putting
together poor-quality ingredients so
they look yucky, taste yucky, and
smell yucky.
Now suppose you’re having a dinner
party for people you don’t like so
much. Do you serve them your best
recipes? Of course not! You serve
them Yucky Cooking.
Here’s a good recipe for a not-sospecial appetizer which I call Sad
Sack Salad:
Sad Sack Salad
In an old sack, mix:
1
•2_
2 ounces wilted brown lettuce
1
•1_
8 ounces egg shells
3
•1_
8 ounces coffee grounds
Pour into a pan. Heat 2 hours until it
turns to a thick mud and sticks to the
pan. Chip off with a chisel or screwdriver.
1. In all, how many
ounces of ingr edients
ar e in Sad Sack Salad?
2. Suppose you divided
the Sad Sack Salad into 4
equal portions. How
many ounces would each
portion contain?
_ of
3
3. S up po se y ou pu t 5
the sa la d i n a b ow l. Ho w
man y o un ce s of sa la d
wou ld be in t he bo wl ?
4. How many 6_5-ounce
servings could you get
fr om the r ecipe?
58
9999999999999999999
Here’s a way to make a delicious
ham not worth eating. I served this
to a guest once and she ran screaming from the table. Now that’s Yucky
Cooking! I call this recipe Shriveled
Ham Jubilee:
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
Shriveled Ham
Shriveled
HamJubilee
Jubilee
No bad meal is complete without a
bad dessert. Here’s an especially
awful dessert that uses up all your
unwanted leftovers. I call it Nuked
Ice Cream Surprise:
Nuked Ice Cream
Nuked Ice Cream Surprise
Surprise
In a tightly-covered plastic dish, put:
Place one
ham
in an
Place
one good-sized
good-sized
ham
in old
an
bucket.
Cook Cook
for several
days at days
a high
old
bucket.
for several
temperature
until
it
shrivels
to
a
at a high temperature until itfraction of itstooriginal
size. Ham
done
shrivels
a fraction
of itsisoriginal
when Ham
foul black
smoke
comes
out
of
size.
is done
when
foul
black
the bucket.
smoke
comes out of the bucket.
5. Cooking for 2 days shrinks
a 3 4_3-pound ham to 3_2 its
original size. How many
pounds is this?
6. Cooking for a week shrinks
a 3 4_3-pound ham to 11_0 its
original size. How many
pounds is this?
7. To dry out the ham faster, Mr.
Pierre likes to divide the ham into
_3-pound pieces before cooking.
4
How manypiecescan he
make fr om a 3 4_3-pound
ham?
_ po und
3
8. Say Mr. Pierr e cuts a 3 8
_ - po u n d p ie c e s . Ho w
h a m i n to 1 1
8
m a n y p ie c e s w il l h e
h ave?
• 1 ounce of ice cream (any flavor)
5
•_
6 ounces of leftover Sad Sack Salad
_
1
• 1 12
ounces of leftover Shriveled Ham
Jubilee
Microwave until mixture explodes. Scrape
off walls of microwave. Top with soggy potato chips.
9. How many total
ounces of ingr edients
does the r ecipe call for?
10. If the dessert is divid ed evenly into 5 portions,
how many ounces will
each portion weigh?
11. Suppose you divided
the dessert into portions
5
that weigh 1_
2 ounces
each. How many portions
would you have?
12. Suppose you divided
the dessert into 14 equal
portions. How much would
each portion weigh?
59
SKILL 21:
Multiplying and Dividing Fractions
Name
Hi. I’m Martha Crunch, your personal fractions trainer. And this is Steve.
Listen to what folks are saying about Martha Crunch’s Amazing Fraction
Workout V ideo.
BEFORE
My imagination
was dull as a
butter knife.
Larry G.
I was
boring. How boring?
Sometimes I even put
myself to sleep.
Rosa M.
999999
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
Martha Crunch and Her
Amazing Fraction Workout Video
60
AFTER
I feel great!
My imagination
slices and dices through
ideas like a knife
through cheese.
Larry G.
Rosa M.
Talk about
AMAZING! My
thoughts are 35 percent
more interesting. What
a difference!
99999
Sound too good to be true?
It’s NOT.
For a limited time, you too can enjoy
the benefits of Martha Crunch’s
Amazing Fraction Workout V ideo
in the comfort of your home.
For a limited time only, you can try
WORKOUT #1 of the Amazing
Fraction Workout ABSOLUTELY
FREE!
If you don’t absolutely love it, just
return the unused fractions for a
COMPLETE MONEY-BACK
REFUND.*
WORKOUT #1
DIRECTIONS:
(1) Strap on fraction safety helmet.
(2) Adjust safety goggles over eyes.
(3) Use brain to solve problems.
9999999999
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
Ra-a-ah!
Ee-e-urk! Where
do I sign up?
Right here, Steve.
1. 3_2 x 4_3 =
__________
_1 =
10. 4 4_3 ÷ 1 4
__________
2. 3_2 ÷ 5_2 =
__________
_7 ÷ 1 _3 =
11. 8
4
__________
3. 4_3 x 9_8 =
__________
12. 8 6_1 x 3 7_3 =
__________
4. 5_3 x 2 2_1 =
__________
7
13. 5 9_5 ÷ 1 1_8 =
__________
_2 ÷ 1 _1 =
5. 6 3
9
__________
1
2
14. 1 3_9 ÷ 1 1_3 =
__________
3
6. 3 3_2 x 2_2 =
__________
11
13
15. 1 2_5 x 1 2_7 =
__________
7. 6_5 ÷ 10 =
__________
Wasn’t that great?
8. 12 x 2 3_2 =
__________
Well, goodbye
everyone! See you
next time.
9. 16 ÷ 2 5_2 =
__________
Say Ra-a-a ee-urk,
Steve.
1
2
_
1
Ra-a-ah!
Ee-e-urk!
Refund applies only to left-handed people who have blue hair, wear size 17 2 shoe, currently reside in the continent of
*Antarctica
and own 2 or more aardvarks as pets.
61
SKILL REVIEW
Quiz 3
Name
Ultra-Workout 3
•
•
•
•
•
•
The Cheese Man
The Dull Guys
Jerry Fragment
V ickie Ganoosh
Lon Largely
Pokey
And of course, me, Debbie Slash. And
so, without further ado, I give you...
Ultra-Workout 3!
99999999999999999
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
Live from Hollywood, I’m
Debbie Slash. And this
is...Ultra-Workout 3!
Starring, in alphabetical
order:
1. Hi, I’m Jerry Fragment, movie mogul
and producer. When I’m not making
multi-million dollar movie deals, I like to
do problems like this one. Find
_1 of 36. Go ahead and try it.
4
And hey, let’s do lunch soon!
2. Hello, I’m the Cheese Man, star of
the blockbuster Cheese Man: The
Movie. Our movie had a budget of
$40 million. Two-fifths of the budget
went to mega-star Vickie
Ganoosh. H o w m u c h mo n e y
wa s V i c k i e p a id?
3. Hi, we’re the Dull Guys, stars of The
Dull Guys. You know, when we’re not
acting in blockbuster Hollywood megahits, we like to unwind by
doing problems like this:
2
3
Find the pr oduct of 1_1 x _7.
4. Hey, I’m Vickie Ganoosh, one of the
stars of Cheese Man: The Movie. One of
the most exciting moments in the movie
7
was when a giant cheese slicer cut off _8 of
a huge block of cheese weighing
16
_ ton. How big a block did
21
the cheese slicer cut?
5. Hey there, movie star Lon Largely here.
Bet you didn’t recognize me without my
movie make-up! But here’s one
thing you will recognize—a
great problem: Find the quo _2 ÷ _3.
tient of 3
4
6. Howdy. Pokey here, Lon Largely’s co-star
in Mystery on the Fraction Express. Our
_1 hours. How
movie lasted 2 4
_5 of
long did it take to show 6
the movie?
7. Hi, it’s the Cheese Man again. Did I tell
you that the screenplay for Cheese Man:
The Movie. was inspired by a famous photograph called “Underground Velveeta”?
1
The photograph measures 6 _4
1
inches by 3 _5 inches. What is
the area of the photograph?
That’s about all the time we have. So long
from the greatest Workout of them all...
62
Ultra-Workout 3!
SKILL 22:
Multiplying Probabilities
Name
99999999999999999
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
The Critics
Studies show that movie critics use
the same words over and over again.
This list shows the top 10 words used
in positive reviews. It also shows the
probability of each word appearing in
a review. For example, the probability
_3. That
of the word wild apearing is 7
means it is likely to appear in three
out of every seven reviews.
Top 10 Positive
Review Words
wild
weir d
classic
riot
blast
action-packed
side-splitting
rip-snorting
roller coaster ride
knock-down, drag-out
3
_
7
7
_
18
10
_
27
3
_
11
2
_
5
5
_
12
3
_
10
2
_
9
_1
6
2
_
7
Probabilities are independent of each
other. So to find the probability of
more than one positive word appearing in a review, you need to multiply
the probabilities of each word. For
example, the probability that a
movie will be called a “side-splitting
action-packed blast” is:
3
_
10
x
probability
of sidesplitting
5
_
12
probability
of actionpacked
2
30 = _1
x _ = _
5
600 20
probability
of blast
What is the probability that the movie
Let Them Eat Soup will be called:
1.wild?
________
2. a wild roller
coaster ride?
________
63
________
What is the probability that the
movie Waiter, There’s an Aardvark in
My Soup will be called:
4. a rip-snorting,
side-splitting riot?
________
9. a rip-of f?
________
10. a cheap rip-of f?
________
11. a stupid turkey?
________
12. a pointless,
icky turkey?
________
What is the probability that The
President’s Soup Is Cold will be
called:
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
9999999999999999999
3. rip-snorting
and side-splitting?
5. a blast?
________
6. an action-packed blast? ________
7. a knock-down, drag-out,
action-packed blast?
________
8. a side-splitting,
knock-down, drag-out,
action-packed blast?
________
Top 10 Negative
Review Words
cheap
lame
pointless
stupid
icky
cheesy
crummy
turkey
rip-of f
third-rate rubbish
5
_
18
3
_
8
3
_
25
4
_
15
5
_
12
8
_
25
_1
6
5
_
32
2
_
5
3
_
16
What is the probability that the
movie The Chicken Noodle Man will
be called:
13. stupid,
thir d-rate rubbish?
________
14. stupid,
icky, and crummy?
________
15. cheesy,
thir d-rate rubbish?
________
16. icky, stupid,
thir d-rate rubbish?
________
BONUS QUESTION: Which is most
likely to appear in a r eview: ripof f, side-splitting, or stupid? How
can you tell?
____________________________________
____________________________________
____________________________________
____________________________________
____________________________________
____________________________________
64
SKILL 23:
Ratios
Name
PART 1: BEGINNINGS
99999999999999999
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
Arnold Guck:
Man or Myth?
“It smelled like garlic and turned
your teeth black,” Guck explained.
Guck was soon fired from the toothpaste company. He came home a
broken man. Slowly, Guck began to
admit that he had only one true talent in the world: to make disgusting
things. And to be able to compare
one disgusting ingredient to another,
he’d have to learn how to use ratios.
For example, the ratio of baking
soda to salsa in Tar-Gum toothpaste
was 4 parts baking soda to every 8
parts salsa.
“He was a messy child,” says Vivian
Guck, Arnold Guck’s mother. “He
ate messy, he drank messy. All he
did was make messes.”
At age five, Guck made mud pies. He
mixed 3 scoops of mud with 9 scoops
of gravel and 12 scoops of water.
At age 20, Guck got a job at a toothpaste company. Soon after that, he
created Tar-Gum Toothpaste. The
toothpaste contained 4 parts baking
soda, 6 parts black licorice gum,
and 8 parts Extra Hot Garlic Salsa.
Tar-Gum Toothpaste was not a
success.
65
WRITING RATIOS
How can you write the ratio
4 to 8 mathematically?
1. Write it
with words:
4 to 8
2. Write it
with a colon.
4:8
3. Write it so
it looks like a
fraction.
4_
8
4. Simplify,
if possible.
4 to 8 = 1 to 2
4:8 = 1:2
4 = _1
_
8 2
AY
ONE W IT
TO DO
9999999999999999999
1. The ratio of mud to gravel in
Guck’s mud pies was 3 to 9. Write
this ratio three dif ferent ways.
__________
__________
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
2. Write the ratio
in simplest for m.
__________
__________
3. The ratio of gravel to mud was
9 to 3. Write the ratio
in simplest for m.
__________
4. What is the ratio of water to
mud in Guck’s mud pies? Write
the ratio using the word to..
Make sure it’s in
simplest for m.
__________
5. What is the ratio of baking soda
to black licorice gum in Tar-Gum
toothpaste? Write
the ratio as a fraction.
Make sure it’s in
simplest for m.
__________
6. What is the ratio of salsa to
baking soda in Tar-Gum? Write
the ratio with a colon.
Put it in simplest for m. __________
7. What is the ratio of salsa to
black licorice gum in Tar-Gum?
Write the ratio
any way you want,
as long as it’s in
simplest for m.
__________
PART 2: THE LOST CAT
For a while, Guck gave up his work.
Then one day his cat got lost. To lure
it back, Guck mixed 12 milliliters of
vinegar with 8 milliliters of rotten fish
juice. The result was a powerfully
bad-smelling concoction. Within an
hour, it attracted not only Guck’s cat,
but a half dozen other garbage-loving
cats and dogs in the neighborhood.
It also attracted me. I’m Warren
Vuss, a scout for Wow! Inc. We’re the
world’s leading maker of plastic puddles, fake garbage, and other such
products.
“Young man,” I told him, “I’m gonna
make you rich!”
“You are?” Guck said.
The rest, as they say, is history.
Guck’s first big success for Wow!
Inc. was called Fabulous Guck. To
make Fabulous Guck, he mixed 3
ounces of gunk with 6 ounces of
sludge and 8 ounces of muck.
The result was a greasy, grimy mess.
It made you feel sick just to look at
it. Touching it made your skin crawl.
But that wasn’t all. Fabulous Guck
had the most nauseating smell I’d
ever come across. And I’ve been in
this business 35 years.
Needless to say, kids loved it. It outsold
the other top-selling slime product by a
2 to 1 ratio. In other words, stores sold
two Fabulous Gucks for every one of
the other top-selling slime.
In simplest for m, what is the ratio
of...
66
9999999999999999999
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
8. ...vinegar to rotten
fish juice in
Guck’s cat mixture?
__________
9. ...gunk to sludge
in Fabulous Guck?
__________
10. ...sludge to muck
in Fabulous Guck?
__________
11. A store sold 10 cases of the
other top-selling slime product.
How many cases of Fabulous Guck
would you expect it to sell?
(Remember: FG outsold the other
top-selling slime
product 2 to 1.)
__________
12. Suppose 40,000 cases of the
other top-selling slime product
were sold last year. How many
cases of Fabulous
Guck were sold?
__________
PART 3: THE MAN WITH
THE GOLDEN TOUCH
From there, Guck had one hit product after another. First there was
Fabulous Guck. Then Plutz. Then
Yellow Yetch. Then came Guck’s
biggest hit of all: Totally Gross Guck.
This was the greatest product I’ve
ever sold. It was disgusting. It was
revolting. But it was also great fun.
It outsold Crudd by 5 to 2.
Before long, both Arnold Guck and I
were voted into the Disgusting
Products Hall of Fame. I’ll never forget the induction ceremony. I spoke
first. Then Guck got up and started
talking. All of a sudden, someone
dumped a huge vat of Totally Gross
Guck over his head.
For a moment, Guck was speechless. His head was covered with the
stuff. His suit was ruined. Then he
started to laugh. We all laughed. It
was a great moment in the history of
disgusting things.
13. A stor e sold 20 boxes of OozeJuice in one week. How many
boxes of T otally Gr oss Guck
would you expect
that it sold?
__________
14. A stor e sold 25 boxes of
Totally Gr oss Guck in one week.
How many boxes of Crudd
would you expect that
it sold?
__________
15. A stor e sold 20,000 boxes of
Totally Gr oss Guck in a year. How
many boxes of Ooze-Juice would
you expect that it sold in
that time? How many
boxes of Crudd?
__________
Totally Gross Guck outsold other
ooze products by wide margins. It
outsold Ooze-Juice by a 4 to 1 ratio.
67
SKILL 24:
Equivalent Fractions and Decimals
Name
_
7
10
9999999999999999
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
Enid the Magnificent,
Part 1
“I don’t know,” Hugo’s father gulped.
Enid went on to change many decimal numbers to fractions. Can you
duplicate this astounding feat?
Here’s how:
CHANGING DECIMALS
TO FRACTIONS
1. Find the
decimal place
farthest to
the right.
Hugo was twelve when his father
took him to the circus. He saw the
strong man, the dancing bear, the
clowns, and so on. But the part he
liked best was Enid the Magnificent.
2. Identify that
decimal place.
3. Write the decimal as a fraction
or mixed number,
using that decimal place as the
denominator.
“Velcome!” she said, as they entered
her dark and mysterious tent. “I am
Enid the Magnificent. I can change
any decimal number to a fraction.
Any number at all!”
The audience laughed. In those days,
people never changed decimal numbers to fractions. It just wasn’t done.
“How about 0.7,” a man cried. “Let’s
see you change that to a fraction,
Enid the Magnificent!”
“The number 0.7 as a fraction is _7 ,”
10
Enid said coolly. A hush came over
the room.
“How did she do that?” Hugo asked
his father.
AY
ONE W IT
TO DO
5.632
10th 100th 1000th
5.632
=
632
_
5 1000
Now you try it. Write each decimal
number as a fraction or mixed number.
1. 3.2 = _______ 6. 24.09 = _________
2. 0.4 = _______ 7. 0.004 = _________
3. 5.89 = ______ 8. 13.001 = ________
4. 64.8 = ______ 9. 562.029 = ______
5. 0.05 = ______ 10. 37.040 = ______
68
9999999999999999999
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
After that, things got very strange
indeed. People kept shouting numbers. And Enid kept changing them
to fractions.
Can you write these fractions as
decimals?
“It’s a trick!” cried one man. “I want
my money back!”
7
7
17. 1_
12. 1_
00 = ___________
0 = _________
But it wasn’t a trick. Enid did it
again and again. Finally, a woman
3
_ to a
said, “Let’s see you change 10
decimal!”
8
23
18. 41_
13. 1_
00 = _________
00 = ________
“A fraction to a decimal!” someone
shouted. “That’s impossible!”
37
25
20. 21_
15. 1 1_
000 =________
00 = ______
“SILENCE!” replied Enid the
Magnificent.
Through all this, Hugo’s father sat
quietly. He was a stern man. He had
known few pleasures in life, but fractions were one of them. Hugo’s father
loved fractions. But he also believed
in right and wrong. And he’d always
thought it was wrong to change one
kind of number to another.
Then, calm as can be, Enid turned
3
_ into 0.3.
the fraction 10
The place exploded into an uproar.
Once again, Enid had done the
impossible. She had changed a fraction to a decimal. You can do it, too.
Here’s how:
ANO
WAY TTHER
O DO
CHANGING DECIMALS
TO FRACTIONS
1. Make sure
the denominator
of the fraction or
mixed number is
a power of 10.
2. Draw lines
that stand for
each place in
the denominator.
3. Fill in the
blanks with the
numbers in the
numerator.
8
429
_
1000
_.___
1 10th 100th 1000th
8 . _4 _2 _9
_
_
41
9
16. 6 13
11. 1_
000 = ________
0 = _________
3
5
19. 1_
14. 2 1_
000 = _________
0 = _______
But now he wasn’t so sure.
“Your tricks are good,” Hugo’s father
said to Enid.
“They are not tricks,” replied Enid.
“Change _3 to a decimal,” he said
8
calmly.
The whole room gasped. To our left,
one man actually fainted and had to
be carried away. To change a frac3
tion like _
8 — a fraction with a
denominator that WASN’T a power of
10—to a decimal was—well, at that
time, it was just unthinkable.
Could Enid the Magnificent do it?
Find out the thrilling conclusion of
this story on page 70 in Enid the
Magnificent, Part 2.
69
SKILL 25:
Equivalent Fractions and Decimals
Name
Hugo, a young boy, had just witnessed an amazing display of fractional power (see page 68). Was Enid
the Magnificent for real? Could she
really do things with numbers that
no one else could do? Or was her
power just a trick?
9999999999999999
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
Enid the Magnificent, Part 2:
Enid Does the Unthinkable
Hugo would find out when his father
gave Enid the Magnificent the ultimate challenge—to change the fraction 8_3 to a decimal. Could it be done?
Enid calmly announced the answer:
3
“The fraction _
8 is equal to 0.375.”
No one in the room could believe it.
There was shouting. There was
stomping. People from the audience
demanded that Enid explain how
she had done what she had done.
ONE W
TO DO AY
IT
HERE’S ENID’S METHOD:
1. Divide the
denominator
(bottom) into the
numerator (top).
2. Attach zeroes
if you need
them. Divide.
8 3
0.375
8 3.000
Can you write these fractions as decimals? (Round repeating decimals to
the nearest thousandth.)
70
1. 2_1 = _______
6. 8_3 = ________
2. 5_2 = _______
7. 8_5 = ________
3. 4_3 = _______
8. 7_2 = ________
4. 5_4 = _______
7
9. 1_
1 = ________
5. 9_2 = _______
9
10. 12_
0 = _______
9999999999999999999
Hugo remembers little after that.
People shouted. The goons in the
audience grew louder and louder.
Finally, they rushed the stage. The
tent started to fall.
Suddenly, all was in darkness.
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
Hugo found himself outside in a
ditch. He looked up to see frightened
eyes. It was Enid the Magnificent.
“There she is!” cried one of the
goons.
Then she walked out the door and
was gone. Hugo and his father never
saw her or heard about her again.
But on the table, she left a piece of
paper with these problems on it.
Write the fractions as decimals and
the decimals as fractions. (Round
repeating decimals to the nearest
thousandth.)
“Quick,” said Hugo’s father. “Come
with us.”
13
11. 1_
00 =
_________
They escaped to a small inn at the
edge of the woods. Hugo’s father
gave Enid a cup of steaming hot tea.
12. 5_1 =
_________
“Drink this,” he said.
13. .76
_________
14. 8.08 =
_________
15. 9_4 =
_________
3
16. 91_
0 =
_________
17. 77.08 =
_________
18. 678.009 =
_________
_2 =
19. 11
5
_________
20. 7_4 =
_________
“You saved my life,” Enid said.
“Perhaps,” Hugo’s father said. “Has
such a thing ever happened to you
before?”
“Too often,” Enid said. “These people,
they don’t understand fractions.”
“Neither did I,” Hugo’s father said.
“You opened my eyes tonight, Enid.”
She smiled. “I must go,” she said.
“But wait,” Hugo’s father said. “There
is so much you have to teach us.”
“You know enough already,” Enid
said. “What you don’t know, you can
discover on your own.”
“But how can we ever thank you?”
Hugo’s father asked.
“You’ve thanked me enough
already,” Enid said.
71
SKILL 26:
Fraction Number Sense
Name
Name That Fraction
CONNIE: And now it’s time for NAME THAT
FRACTION. I’m your host, Connie Twinkle.
Here’s our All-Star Panel: Gunther Duff,
Jane Pesto, and Mickey Toothache. Hello,
Panel! (wild applause)
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
PANEL: Hi, Connie!
CONNIE: And now it’s time to introduce our
Secret Fraction. Tell us about yourself,
Secret Fraction.
(even wilder applause. Secret Fraction enters
in disguise.)
FRACTION: Hello, Panel. Hey, what can I tell
ya? I’m a common fraction. You’ve probably
seen me around — in pizzas, hockey games,
candy bars, stuff like that. (audience murmurs)
GUNTHER: I know it’s early but I’m gonna
5
make a guess here. Are you _
6?
BUZZER: B-u-u-u-z-z!
CONNIE: I’m sorry, Gunther. The Secret
5
Fraction is much smaller than _
6. We move to
Jane Pesto.
1
JANE: Are you larger than _
4 and smaller
1
than _
2?
FRACTION: Yes I am.
JANE: Hmm. I think I saw you at a party
once. Is your numerator odd or even?
FRACTION: It’s odd, Jane. Very odd.
(Audience roars with laughter.)
1. Name 2 fractions
that are
smaller
than 6_5.
________ ________
2. Name 2 fractions
larger than 4_1
and smaller
than 2_1.
________ ________
3. Name a fraction small _1 that has
er than 2
an odd numerator. _______
72
3
JANE: I’m going to guess..._
8?
4. Name a fraction that’s
smaller than _3 and
BUZZER: B-u-u-u-z-z!
8
CONNIE: I’m sorry, Jane, that’s too big. We’ll
move to Mickey Toothache.
larger than 4_1.
_________
MICKEY: You sound familiar to me. If I split
1
?
you in half, would you be much bigger than 6_
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
FRACTION: Not a bit. But please don’t split
me in half. I’ll go on a diet. I promise!
(Audience howls)
MICKEY: I think I know who it is, Connie.
1
Are you _
3?
5. What fraction
could you split
in half to get 6_1? _________
BUZZER: Ding! Ding! Ding!
CONNIE Very well done, Mickey. Secret
Fraction, will you please come out! (Fraction
takes off disguise)
GUNTHER: (smacks his forehead) I should’ve
known!
JANE: Well aren’t you cute.
FRACTION: I try to be. (Audience chortles.)
MICKEY : Can I ask you one question. As a
decimal, what do you look like?
FRACTION: As a decimal, my real name is
too long to pronounce. Most people call me
0.33 for short.
6. Write the fraction
_1 as a decimal.
_________
3
MICKEY: Of course.
7. Write the
decimal 0.33
as a fraction.
CONNIE: And now it’s time to move on to
our Super Secret Bonus Fraction round.
(Super Secret Fraction enters. Big applause.)
BONUS FRACTION : I come from a family of
large denominators. But I wanted to be in
show biz, so I changed my denominator to 8
when I left home. At that time I was so skinny, I had a numerator of 1. But then I started
working out and doubled my numerator size.
MICKEY: My goodness!
73
_________
8. So far, what do you
think the super secret
bonus fraction
could be?
___________
B ON U S FRA C T ION : That’s just the beginning. It was around then that people started noticing me. I got a job as a model.
Then I started getting really big. My
denominator stayed the same, but my
numerator size increased to 6.
9. Write the
fraction.
___________
_
6
MICKEY: Wait. Are you 13
?
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
BUZZER: B-u-u-u-z-z!
BONUS FRACTION: No I’m not. Around at
that time I starting writing myself in simplest
form. It was unbelievable! I was the same
size, only I now had a different numerator
and denominator.
10. Write the
fraction in
simplest for m. ___________
JANE: This is fascinating. It must be wonderful to be a fraction.
BONUS FRACTION: Oh it’s okay. But you
never really feel WHOLE, you know?
(Audience hoots with laughter.)
1
But anyway, at this time, I added myself to _
8
and became the fraction I am today.
CONNIE: Well, panel, there you have it—
today’s Super Secret Fraction’s story. Now it’s
time for each of you to record your guesses
on your cards.
GUNTHER: Oh goodness, Connie. This is
really a toughie.
MICKEY: Yeah, Connie. Can’t you give us a
little hint?
CONNIE: I’d love to, Mickey. But as you
know, it just wouldn’t be Name That Fraction
if I gave you clues. Good luck, panel, and
good night.
74
_1 to your answer
11. Add 8
for pr oblem 9. Write the
Super Secret
Fraction in
lowest ter ms. ___________
12. What is
the decimal
value of the
Super Secret
number?
___________
SKILL 27:
Multiplication, Division and Addition
Name
99999999999999999
Martha’s Brain Game
I’m Martha Crunch, your personal
fractions trainer.
Ra-a-ah!
And this is Steve.
Ee-e-urk!
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
Guess what?
We found a great
new game you can
play using my brain!
Martha’s Brain Game
Actually, it uses my IMAGINATION.
That’s the part of my brain that’s
full of good things.
Here’s how you play.
1. You need a penny, the brain
board at right, and paper and
pencil. The object of the game is
to score the most points.
2. Spin the penny on the board.
Watch where it lands. Then
think of an example that fits
that category.
• Example 1: The penny lands on
Funny Stuff. You have to think of
something funny.
3. The other players rate your funny
idea. Ratings must be between 1
and 100, with 100 as the best score.
4. Multiply the rating by the fraction
next to the category. The number
you get is your score.
• Example 2: Your funny idea gets a
rating of 20. You then multiply 20 x
_2 to get a score of 8.
5
• Example 3: The penny lands on
Daydreams. Your daydream gets a
1
rating of 18. You multiply 18 x _
4 to
1
get a score of 4 _
2.
5. Write your scores on separate
paper. Scores count only if you
multiply correctly.
6. Add up the scores. The first player to get 100 points wins.
I just know you’re going to have a lot
of fun with my Brain Game.
And who knows. It may even
improve your own brain!
So long everyone!
75
Martha’s Imagination
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
(Not drawn to scale)
Weird
Stuff
Really
Boring
Stuff
1
10
1
12
Funny Stuff
2
5
Totally Cool Stuff
1
6
Daydreams
1
4
76
TEST 1
Name
The Ultimate Fraction
Workout, Part 1
Hi. Martha Crunch here, your personal
fractions trainer.
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
Now that you know all there is to know
about fractions, it’s time you learned soming about me......Martha Crunch.
So without further ado, here I am ...
THE MARTHA CRUNCH STORY
PART 1 — THE EARLY YEARS
1
1. I was born at a very young age. When I was _
2 year old, I found my first
3
true love in life—fractions. My mother claims I was actually _
5 of a year
_
_
old at the time. When was I older—at 21 year or 53 year?
2
2. As an infant, I loved to play with my food. I remember one time I had 3_
2
_
of a bowl of mush. I changed it into a fraction that was still equal to 3.
Write two dif fer ent fractions I might have used.
3. I used to cry and scream when fractions weren’t written in simplest
18
_ , 16
_ 28
_
form. Here are some fractions: 42
25, 63.
Which ones made me cry and scream?
4. Rewrite the fractions that made me cry and scr eam
so they ARE in simplest for m.
5. As a toddler, I became obsessed with improper fractions.
3
When I was 2 _
4 years old I expressed my age as an improper fraction.
How many years old did I say I was?
_ I started becoming interested in mixed numbers.
6. At age 30
7
What was my age as a mixed number?
77
7. In kindergarten I met Steve, my bird. He was doing jumping jacks in his
7
cage at the pet store. He did them for 2 8_
minutes. Then he stopped and
_
5
did sit-ups for 3 8 minutes. How many minutes did he exercise in all?
8. I noticed that Steve did sit-ups for longer than jumping jacks.
How many minutes longer did he do sit-ups?
9. I took Steve home with me. It was then I realized he could talk. He said,
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
_3 ounces of mango juice and _1 ounce of papaya juice in my
“Please mix 4
6
water tray.” What was the total weight of the juice?
1
10. Steve drank _
2 ounce of the juice. How much was left over?
11. It turned out that Steve loved fractions. One of the first things he
_
_
5
1
ever asked me was, “What is 4 7 + 1 14?”
I worked out the answer. But Steve’s curiosity about fractions was unending. He
kept asking me questions like these:
7
1
_
12. What is 6 1_
0 + 36 ?
_
16. And finally,
_
_
what is 20 32 - 10 65?
_
13. What is 8 31 - 2 41 ?
17. I was exhausted.
Before I met Steve I
remember I weighed 60
pounds. Before long, I’d
_2 pounds. How
lost 6 3
much did I weigh then?
_
_
14. What is 13 51 - 7 53 ?
_5
7
15. What is 4 1_
2 + 9 + 9?
It soon dawned on me that if I liked doing fractions so much I should get paid for
them. So I put out a sign that said: I’LL DO FRACTIONS FOR YOU—25¢
But nobody came. And now we were out of money. Would Steve and I ever get paid
for doing fractions? All I can tell you is that this story...
WILL BE CONTINUED.
If you want to find out what happened, see The
Ultimate Fraction Workout, Part 2 on page 79.
78
TEST 2
Name
The Ultimate Fraction
Workout, Part 2
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
Hi. Martha Crunch here, your personal fractions trainer. And this is the second part of
The Martha Crunch Story.
I call it...
THE MARTHA CRUNCH STORY, PART 2
THE YEARS THAT FOLLOWED PART 1
1. As you’ll recall, I’d put out a sign that said I’LL DO FRACTIONS FOR
YOU—25¢. But nobody came. So I put up another sign. It said, I’LL DO
1
FRACTIONS FOR YOU—_
5 OFF THE REGULAR 25¢ PRICE.
How many cents of f the regular price was this?
_2 of that on some bird2. Steve and I were down to our last 18¢. I spent 3
seed. How much did it cost?
3. I spent what remained of our 18¢ on a piece of bread.
How much did the bread cost?
5
4. Then it hit me: musical fractions. I found an old guitar. I multiplied 8_
x
_
12
25 to the tune of “Yankee Doodle Dandy.” What answer did I get?
_5 by 10 to the tune of “Swanee River.”
5. I tried musical division. I divided 7
What answer did I get?
_
1
5
6. I multiplied 4 _
5 x 14 to the tune of “Happy Birthday to You.”
What answer did I get?
79
_1 by 1 _2 to the tune of “Twinkle Twinkle Little Star.”
7. I tried dividing 10 2
5
What answer did I get?
8. Steve and I had no money left. Everyone seemed to love our music.
1
But no one was interested in paying money for it. Luckily, we found _
2 of
3
a pizza. We sold _
4 of that half for two dollars.
What fraction of an entire pie did we sell?
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
6
9. I used the money to buy more pizza. I bought 7_
of a whole pizza. I divided it into 3 parts. What fraction of the entire pie was each piece?
10. I kept buying pizza and selling it for a little more than I paid for it. I
_2
1
did this for 3 _
2 weeks. For 3 of that time, I was selling anchovy pizza.
For how many weeks did I sell anchovy pizza?
1
11. Then I got a new idea: an aerobic fractions video. It would be 2 _
2
hours long. I would divide it into 5 equal parts.
How many hours would each part last?
12. I shortened the video to only 60 minutes. Commercials took up 12 of
those minutes. What fraction of the video did commercials take up?
13. People complained that the video had too many commercials. I cut all
2
but 3 commercials. Each lasted 1 _
3 minutes.
How many minutes did the commercials take up now?
14. What fraction of the entire HOUR did the commercials now take up?
15. Then it happened. The famous adventurer Texarkana Bernstein
bought my video. She liked it and started telling her friends about it.
Sales took off. Suddenly, I was famous.
27
_
I’ll never forget the first thing Tex asked me. “Can you change 100 to a
decimal?” she said. Of course I could! What did I write?
16. I did a Holiday Fractions Special for National TV. On it I changed 0.3
to a fraction. What answer did I get?
80
17. One thing led to another. Steve and I became Fraction Specialists for
all the big Hollywood stars. Did you see the movie Dull and Duller? I did
the fractions for that movie. I wrote 0.6 as a fraction in simplest form.
What answer did I get?
7
18. In another movie, Cheese Man 4: Major Meltdown, I wrote _
8 as
a decimal. What answer did I get?
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
19. Pretty soon I became a personal fractions trainer for the rich and
famous. I once explained to zillionaire cracker mogul Victor Kronski
7 _3
71
how to put _
, , 0.73, and _
in order from
10
4
100
greatest to least. Can you put them in or der?
20. Don’t get me wrong. I loved working for the rich and famous, but it
bothered me that I couldn’t help REGULAR folks like you and me. So
when they offered me the job to be the personal fractions trainer here, I
jumped at the chance. I still work for the rich and famous 2 days a
week. The other 4 days I work here. What’s the ratio of the days I
work for the rich and famous to the days I work her e? Write the
ratio in simplest for m.
So that’s pretty much my story.
I LOVE being a personal fractions
trainer. I really do. Because it lets
me help people like you.
But you don’t really need my
help anymore. As far as fractions
go, you’re an ACE.
So I guess it’s time to be moving
along. So long, everyone.
Keep in touch!
81
SKILL: 1
1. 3_2
2. 2_1
3. 5_3
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
4. 7_3
5. 5_4
6. 8_1
7. 9_5
7
_
8. 10
6
_
9. 11
10. 4_4
Great Artists of the World
Draw Fractions
SKILL: 2
1. 7_3
2. 7_4
3. 7_2
4. 7_5
5. 8_4 or 2_1
6. 8_4 or 2_1
7. 8_5
8. 8_8 or 1
9. 4_3
10. 4_1
11. 8_3
12. 8_5
3
_
13. 12
or 4_1
9
_
14. 12
or 4_3
6
_
15. 12
or 2_1
6
_
16. 12
or 2_1
17. 3_2
18. 3_1
19. 4_1
20. 4_3
999999999999999999
Martha Crunch, Personal
Fractions Trainer
999999999999999999
Answers
T ry This: Answers will vary.
The History of Fractions
SKILL: 3
1. 2_1 of the large pie should
be colored in
2. 3_2 of the small pie should
be colored in
10. 8 shapes should be
colored.
Dear Fraction Lady
SKILL: 4
1. 3_2 is greater, Randy’s
Candy Bar
2. 8_7 is greater, Lloyd’s worse
3. 8_3 is greater, get the
haircut
4. In order: 8_7, 4_3, 3_2, 7_1
Louie Lewis,
Fractional Private Eye
SKILL: 5
1. Students should show that
diagrams, models, or cut-outs
1
2
of _ and _ are equivalent.
2
4
They might also show a way
that 1 is half of 2.
3. 4_3 of the long board should
be colored in
4. 4_1 of the short board
should be colored in
5. 5 sheep
6. 4 coins
2. Students should show
that diagrams, models, or
1
4
cut-outs of _ and _ are equiv2
8
alent. They might also show
that 4 is half of 8 in the same
way that 1 is half of 2.
3. Explanations should indi-
7. Drawing should be divided
cate that the fractions take
into 5 parts; 3 parts should
up the same part of the total
be colored.
but are divided into different
8. Drawing should be divided
into 10 parts; 7 parts should
be colored.
numbers of parts.
5
_
4. Sample response: 10
6
_
5. Sample response: 12
9. 3 shapes should be colored.
82
7
_
6. Sample response: 14
9. Sample response: 9_3
5
_
10. Sample response: 15
_
11. Sample response: 10
30
_
12. Sample responses: 9_6, 10
15
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
9 15
_
_
13. Sample response: 12
, 20
4 _
8
_
14. Sample responses: 10
, 20
2 _
6
_
15. Sample responses: 12
, 36
Martha and Steve:
Simplest Form
SKILL: 6
1. 2_1
2. 7_3
3. 5_1
4. 7_2
5. 5_3
6. 7_3
7. 4_1
8. 5_2
9. 6_5
10. 5_4
11. 2_1
12. 7_6
13. 5_414. 7_4
15. 3_2
16. 9_8
17. 4_3
18. 5_2
9
_
19. 10
20. 3_2
Joe Trella, Fraction Fella
SKILL: 7
1. 1 2_1
2. 1 3_2
3. 1 4_3
4. 4 2_1
5. 2 5_4
6. 3 5_1
7. 3 8_1
8. 5 6_5
7
_
9. 5 10
10.
1
_
6 15
11. 1 3_1
12. 1 2_1
13. 4
14. 2 3_1
15. 2 2_1
16. 1 7_6
17. 1 4_1
18. 1 4_1
19. 4 6_1
20. 5 2_1
21. 2_3
22. 3_8
83
9999999999999999999
8. Sample response: 6_2
9999999999999999999
_
7. Sample response: 10
20
_
23. 17
5
24. 2_9
_
25. 21
8
_
26. 29
6
_
27. 31
3
_
28. 59
7
_
29. 73
6
122
30. _
3
Never More, Baltimore!
SKILL: 8
1. 4_3
2. 8 3_2
3. OK
4. 6_5
5. 14 4_3
6. 5_3
7. OK
8. 5_2
9. 3_2
10. 7_6
3
_
11. 16
12. 12 8_7
13. 5 5_1
14. OK
15. 7 3_2
16. 3_2
1. 8_3
2. Answers will vary.
7 _
_
3. 3_1, 2_1, 5_3, 10
, 87
4. Answers will vary.
4 6
Sample response: _ , _
10 15
5. 4_3
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
6. 1 4_3
7.
14
_
3
Rex Roper’s
Believe It or Not!
SKILL: 9
1. 1 7_2 hour
2. 7_3 hour
3. 1 5_4 ounces
4. 1 ounce
5. 1 5_1 ounce
6. 5_2 oz
7. 4_1
8. 4_3
_
9. 15
16
10. 1
11. 2_1 pound
12. 3_1 pound
13. 2_1 pound
14. 2 pounds
15. 5_2
16. 3_1
17. 3_2
7
_
18. 15
Texarkana Bernstein:
Episode 1
SKILL: 10
1. 29 4_1 inches
2. 4_3 inch
3. 15
_3
8
inches
4. Answers will vary
1
20 2_ inches
5.
6. 6 4_3 inches
_1
2
9999999999999999999
QUIZ 1
9999999999999999999
Ultra-Workout 1
7.
9
8.
No, their hat sizes don’t
inches
add up to 30 inches.
9. It has to be larger
because Stinky’s hat size is
less than half of 30 inches.
Meg O’Malley
of the Fraction Police
SKILL: 11
1. 4_3
7
_
2. 10
3. 6_5
_
4. 14
15
5. 8_7
_
6. 11
12
9
_
7. 14
8. 5_3
_
9. 19
24
10. 6_5
Martha’s Brain
SKILL: 12
1. Stubborn Determination
2. Old Pasta Recipes
10. No, because the sum of
5
3
14 _ and 13 _ is 28 inches,
1
_
3. Gumption; 24
not 30 inches.
4. Stubborn
8
8
11. 16 8_5 inches
12. 30 inches
13. 3 4_1 inches
14. 2 inches
15. It must be the sheriff.
He’s the only one in town
1
Determination; 4_
5. 4_3
6. 4_1
7. Stubborn Determination
and Gumption
8. Gumption, Old Pasta
Recipes, Vim & Vigor
who has the right hat size.
84
9. Vim & Vigor
1. 5 6_5
2. 4
11
_
12
5
_
3. 8 12
7
_
4. 9 12
5. 10 4_3
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
6. 14 4_1
5
_
7. 15 12
8. 13 3_1
9. 14 2_1
10. 18
11. 28 4_3
12. 25
13. 17 and 44
14. 18, 25, 43
Billy Doogan, Roving
Weather Man
SKILL: 14
1. 5 2_1 degrees
2. 13 4_1 degrees
3. 7 4_3 degrees
4. 14 3_1 degrees
5. 1 3_1 degrees
6. 4_1 degree
7. 8 4_3 inches
8. 1 4_1 degrees
9. 2 2_1 degrees
10. 3 4_3 degrees
11. 1 3_1 miles per hour
12. 4 3_1 inches
13. 7 3_2 inches
Ultra-Workout, Too!
QUIZ 2
_
1. 11
15
2. 1 6_1 pounds
_
3. 11
18
_
4. 23
24 cup
3
_
5. 3 10
6. 1 3_1 blocks
_
7. 13 11
24
_
8. 8 13
20 gallons
Emily Taproot
SKILL: 15
1. 45
2. 24
3. 27
4. 7, 9
5. 24
6. 11
7. 56
8. 14
The Frackie Awards
SKILL: 16
1. 3_1
2. 2_1
85
9999999999999999999
SKILL: 13
9999999999999999999
Texarkana Bernstein:
Episode 2
7
_
3. 10
4. 8_5
5. 8_3
6. 2_1
7. 5_2
8. 3_1
9. 8_5
1
_
10. 10
11. 5_1
12. 12 seconds
Emily Taproot’s Winky-Tinky
Tigglesworth
SKILL: 17
1. 1
2. 2_1
1
_
3. 50
4. 3_8 or 2 3_2
_ or 2 _4
5. 18
7
7
6. 4_9 or 2 4_1
7. 5_3
8. 1_8 or 8
_ or 8 _1
9. 33
4
4
10. 5_2
11. 3_4 or 1 3_1
_
12. 50
50 or 1
13. 2_3 or 1 2_1
14. 3_2
15. 5_7 or 1 5_2
The reciprocal of a reci-
5.
8
6.
1
2 5_
7.
2 9_2
8.
2
1 3_
9.
1
9 3_
procal is the original number
itself.
Louie Lewis, The Case
of the Flipping Fractions
SKILL: 18
1. 1 2_1
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
2. 2
3. 3 3_1
4. 2 2_1
5. 10 2_1
6. 1 3_1
7. 1 2_1
8. 9
9. 16
5
_
10. 12
_
11. 14
15
12. 2 4_3
13. 3 3_1
14. 7_4
15. 9_5
Officer Meg O’Malley:
Episode 2
SKILL: 19
1. 2
2. 2 3_1
3.
6 4_1
4.
1
10 2_
10.
5 6_5
11.
2
3
_
12. 20
Yucky Cooking
With Mr. Pierre
SKILL: 20
1. 5 ounces
2. 1 4_1 ounces
3. 3 ounces
4. 6 servings
5. 2 2_1 pounds
6. 8_3 pound
7. 5 pieces
8. 3 pieces
_
9. 2 11
12 ounces
7
_
10. 12
ounce
11. 7 portions
5
_
12. 24
ounce
86
9999999999999999999
17.
9999999999999999999
16. 7_5
Martha’s Video Workout
SKILL: 21
1. 2_1
2. 1 3_2
3. 3_2
4. 1 2_1
5. 6
6. 2_1
1
_
7. 12
8. 32
9. 6 3_2
10. 3 5_4
11. 2_1
12. 28
13. 4
14. 9_8
2
_
15. 2 15
Ultra-Workout 3
QUIZ 3
1. 9
2. $16 million
6
_
3. 77
4. 3_2 ton
5. 9_8
6. 1 8_7 hour
7. 20 square inches
1. 7_3
1
_
2. 14
1
_
3. 15
1
_
4. 55
5. 5_2
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
6. 6_1
1
_
7. 21
1
_
8. 70
9. 5_2
10. 9_1
1
_
11. 24
1
_
12. 128
1
_
13. 20
1
_
14. 54
3
_
15. 50
1
_
16. 48
BONUS QUESTION: Icky,
because it has the largest
probability. It will appear in
almost half of all negative
reviews.
Arnold Guck
SKILL: 23
1. 3 to 9, 3:9, 9_3
2. 1 to 3, 1:3, or 3_1
3. 3 to 1, 3:1, or 1_3
4. 4 to 1
5. 3_2
6. 2:1
7. 4 to 3, 4:3, or 3_4
8. 3 to 2, 3:2, or 2_3
9. 1 to 2, 1:2, or 2_1
10. 3 to 4, 3:4, or 4_3
11. 20 cases
12. 80,000 cases
13. 80 boxes
14. 10 boxes
15. 5,000; 8,000
9999999999999999999
SKILL: 22
9999999999999999999
The Critics
Enid the Magnificent, Part 1
SKILL: 24
2
_
1. 3 10
4
_
2. 10
89
_
3. 5 100
8
_
4. 64 10
5
_
5. 100
9
_
6. 24 100
4
_
7. 1000
1
_
8. 13 1000
9.
29
_
562 1000
40
_
10. 37 1000
11. 0.9
12. 0.7
13. 0.23
14. 2.5
15. 1.25
87
16. 6.341
17. 0.07
18. 4.08
19. 0.003
20. 2.037
Enid the Magnificent, Part 2
SKILL: 25
1. 0.5
2. 0.4
3. 0.75
4. 0.8
5. 0.222
6. 0.375
7. 0.625
8. 0.286
9. 0.636
10. 0.95
11. 0.13
12. 0.2
76
_
13. 100
8
_
14. 8 100
15. 0.444
16. 9.3
8
_
17. 77 100
9
_
18. 678 1000
19. 0.8
20. 0.571
1. Answers will vary. Sample
response: _1, _1
2 4
2. Answers will vary. Sample
3 1
response: _, _
8 3
3. Answers will vary. Sample
3
response: _
7
Funny & Fabulous Fraction Stories © Dan Greenberg, Scholastic Teaching Resources
4. Answers will vary. Sample
response: _1
3
5. 3_1
6. .33
33
_
7. 100
8. 8_2
9. 8_6
10. 4_3
11. 8_7
12. 0.875
Test 1
1. 5_3 year
9999999999999999999
SKILL: 26
9999999999999999999
Name That Fraction!
2. Answers will vary. Sample
4 _
8
response: 6_, 12
3.
18
_
42
and
28
_
63
_ _3
4. 18
42 = 7,
28
_
63
= 9_4
_
5. 11
4 years
6. 4 7_2 years
7. 6 2_1 minutes
8. 4_3 minute
_
9. 11
12 ounces
5
_
10. 12
_
11. 5 11
14
12. 9 5_4
1
_
13. 6 12
14. 5 5_3
5
_
15. 14 36
16. 9 6_5
17. 53 3_1 pounds
88
Test 2
1. 5¢
2. 12¢
3. 6¢
3
_
4. 10
1
_
5. 14
6. 1 2_1
7. 7 2_1
8. 8_3 pie
9. 7_2 pie
10. 2 3_1 weeks
11. 2_1 hour
12. 5_1
13. 5 minutes
1
_
14. 12
15. 0.27
3
_
16. 10
17. 5_3
18. 0.875
71
7
_
_
19. 4_3, 0.73, 100
, 10
20. 1 to 2; 1:2; 2_1

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