2014 L P AWBOOK FOR HARMACY

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2014 LAWBOOK FOR PHARMACY The Pharmacy Law (Business and Professions Code 4000 et seq.) Excerpts from the Business and Professions Code Board of Pharmacy Regulations (California Code of Regulations, Title 16, Section 1700 et seq.) Excerpts from the California Uniform Controlled Substances Act (Health and Safety Code 11000 et seq.) Excerpts from the Confidentiality of Medical Information Act (Civil Code 56 et seq.) Excerpts from the Public Resources Code
1
BUSINESS & PROFESSIONS CODE CHAPTER 9, DIVISION 2 Article 1. Administration
Section
4000. Chapter Title
4001. Board of Pharmacy; Appointment; Terms
4001.1. Purpose of the Board: Protection of the Public
4001.5. Pharmacist Shortage; Recommendations to Alleviate
4002. Officers
4003. Executive Officer; Records; Revenue
4004. Teaching by Board Members
4005. Adoption of Rules and Regulations
4006. Regulations Restricting Furnishing of Particular Drug
4007. Limitations of Rules
4008. Inspectors; Authority as Public Officers
4009 Board Rules; Exemption from Coverage under Industrial Welfare Commission Rules
4010. Immunity of Officers
4011. Administration and Enforcement of Uniform Controlled Substances Act
4012 Board to Provide Copy of Laws or Regulations
4013 Board-Licensed Facilities to Join E-Mail Notification List
Article 2. Definitions
4015. Definitions to Govern Construction
4016. Administer
4016.5. Advanced Practice Pharmacist
4017. Authorized Officers of the Law
4018. Board
4019. Chart Order
4021. Controlled Substance
4022. Dangerous Drug - Dangerous Device Defined
4022.5. Designated Representative; Designated Representative-in-Charge
4023. Device
4023.5. Direct Supervision and Control
4024. Dispense
4025. Drug
4025.1. Non-Prescription Drug
4026. Furnish
4026.5 Good Standing
4027. Skilled Nursing Facility - Intermediate Care Facility - Other Health Care Facilities
4028. Licensed Hospital
4029. Hospital Pharmacy
4030. Intern Pharmacist
4031. Laboratory
4032. License
2
Section
4033. Manufacturer
4034. Pedigree
4034.1. Enactment of Federal Pedigree Legislation
4035. Person
4036. Pharmacist
4036.5 Pharmacist-in-Charge
4037. Pharmacy
4038. Pharmacy Technician
4039. Physician; Other Practitioners Defined
4040. Prescription; Content Requirements
4040.5. Reverse Distributor
4041. Veterinary Food-Animal Drug Retailer
4042. Veterinary Food-Animal Drugs
4043. Wholesaler
4044. Repackager
4045. Third-Party Logistics Provider or Reverse Third-Party Logistics Provider
Article 3. Scope of Practice and Exemptions
4050. Legislative Declaration
4051. Conduct Limited to Pharmacist; Conduct Authorized by Pharmacist
4052. Furnishing to Prescriber; Permitted Pharmacist Procedures
4052.1. Permitted Pharmacist Procedures in Licensed Health Care Facility
4052.2. Permitted Pharmacist Procedures in Health Care Facility, Home Health Agency or Clinic
with Physician Oversight
4052.3. Emergency Contraception Drug Therapy; Requirements and Limitations
4052.4. Skin Puncture by Pharmacist
4052.5. Pharmacist May Select Different Form of Medication with Same Active Chemical
Ingredient; Exceptions
4052.6. Advanced Practice Pharmacist; Permitted Procedures
4052.7. Repackage Previously Dispensed Drug; Requirements
4052.8. Initiation and Administration of Vaccines; Requirements
4052.9. Pharmacist Furnishing Nicotine Replacement Products; Requirements
4053. Designated Representative to Supervise Wholesaler or Veterinary Food-Animal Drug
Retailer
4054. Supply by Manufacturer, etc. of Certain Dialysis Drugs and Devices
4055. Sale of Devices to Licensed Clinics, etc.
4056. Purchase of Drugs at Wholesale - Hospital Containing 100 Beds or Less
4057. Exceptions to Application of this Chapter
4058. Display of Original License
4059. Furnishing Dangerous Drugs or Devices Prohibited Without Prescription: Exceptions
4059.5. Who May Order Dangerous Drugs or Devices: Exceptions; Compliance with Laws of
All Involved Jurisdictions
4060. Controlled Substance - Prescription Required; Exceptions
4061. Distribution of Drug as Sample; Written Request Required
4062. Furnishing Dangerous Drugs during Emergency
4063. Refill of Prescription for Dangerous Drug or Device Requires Prescriber Authorization
4064. Emergency Refill of Prescription without Prescriber Authorization
3
Section
4064.5. Dispensing a 90-Day Supply of a Dangerous Drug or Device; Requirements and
Exceptions
4065. Injection Card System; Requirements for Administration
4066. Furnishing Dangerous Drugs to Master or First Officer of Vessel
4067. Internet; Dispensing Dangerous Drugs or Devices without Prescription
4068. Dispense Dangerous Drugs or Controlled Substances to Emergency Room Patient;
Requirements
Article 4. Requirements for Prescriptions
4070. Reduction of Oral or Electronic Prescription to Writing
4071. Prescriber May Authorize Agent to Transmit Prescription; Schedule II Excluded
4071.1. Electronic Prescription Entry into Pharmacy or Hospital Computer
4072. Oral or Electronic Transmission of Prescription - Health Care Facility
4073. Substitution of Generic Drug - Requirements and Exceptions
4074. Drug Risk: Informing Patient; Providing Consultation for Discharge Medications
4075. Proof of Identity Required - Oral or Electronic Prescription
4076. Prescription Container - Requirements for Labeling
4076.5 Standardized, Patient-Centered Prescription Labels; Requirements
4077. Dispensing Dangerous Drug in Incorrectly Labeled Container
4078. False or Misleading Label on Prescription
Article 5. Authority of Inspectors
4080. Stock of Dangerous Drugs and Devices Kept Open for Inspection
4081. Records of Dangerous Drugs and Devices Kept Open for Inspection; Maintenance of
Records, Current Inventory
4082. Names of Owners, Managers and Employees Open for Inspection
4083. Orders of Correction
4084. Adulterated, Misbranded or Counterfeit Dangerous Drug or Device
4085. Unlawful to Remove, Sell, Dispose of Embargoed Dangerous Drug or Dangerous Device
4086. Adulterated or Counterfeit Dangerous Drug or Dangerous Device; Court Proceedings
Article 6. General Requirements
4100. Change of Address or Name - Notification to Board
4101. Pharmacist-in-Charge, Designated Representative-in-Charge: Termination of
Employment; Notification to Board
4103. Blood Pressure - Taking by Pharmacist
4104. Licensed Employee, Theft or Impairment: Pharmacy Procedures
4105. Retaining Records of Dangerous Drugs and Devices on Licensed Premises; Temporary
Removal; Waivers; Access to Electronically Maintained Records
4106. License Verification Using Board Web Site
4107. One Site License per Premises; Exception
4
Article 7. Pharmacies
4110. License Required; Temporary Permit upon Transfer of Ownership; Temporary Use of
Mobile Pharmacy
4111. Restrictions on Prescriber Ownership
4112. Nonresident Pharmacy: Registration; Provision of Information to Board; Maintaining
Records; Patient Consultation
4113. Pharmacist in Charge: Notification to Board; Responsibilities
4114. Intern Pharmacist: Activities Permitted
4115. Pharmacy Technician: Activities Permitted; Required Supervision; Activities Limited to
Pharmacist; Registration; Requirements for Registration; Ratios
4115.5 Pharmacy Technician Trainee; Placement; Supervision; Requirements
4116. Security of Dangerous Drugs and Devices in Pharmacy: Pharmacist Responsibility for
Individuals on Premises; Regulations
4117. Admission to Area Where Narcotics are Stored, etc. - Who May Enter
4118. Waiving of Minimum Requirements by Board
4119. Furnish Prescription Drug to Licensed Health Care Facility – Secured Emergency
Supplies
4119.1 Pharmacy May Provide Services to Health Facility
4119.2. Furnish Epinephrine Auto-Injectors to School; Requirements
4119.3. Furnish Epinephrine Auto-Injectors to First Responder or Lay Rescuer; Requirements
4119.5. Transfer or Repackaging Dangerous Drugs by Pharmacy
4120. Nonresident Pharmacy: Registration Required
4121. Advertisement for Prescription Drug: Requirements; Restrictions
4122. Required Notice of Availability of Prescription Price Information, General Product
Availability, Pharmacy Services; Providing Drug Price Information; Limitations on Price
Information Requests
4123. Compounding Drug for Other Pharmacy for Parenteral Therapy; Notice to Board
4124. Dispensing Replacement Contact Lenses: Requirements; Patient Warnings; Registration
with Medical Board; Application of Section to Nonresident Pharmacies
4125. Pharmacy Quality Assurance Program Required; Records Considered Peer Review
Documents
4126. Covered Entity May Contract with Pharmacy to Provide Pharmacy Services; Segregation
of Drug Stock; Return of Drugs not Dispensed; Wholesale License Not Permitted or
Required
4126.5 Furnishing Dangerous Drug by Pharmacy
Article 7.5. Compounded Sterile Drug Products
4127. Board Shall Adopt Regulations Establishing Standards
4127.1 License to Compound Injectable Sterile Drug Products Required
4127.2 Nonresident Pharmacy – License to Compound and Ship Injectable Drug Products into
California Required
4127.3 Cease and Desist Order; Hearing
4127.4 Fine for Violation
4127.5 Fee
4127.6 Article Operative upon Allocation of Positions
4127.7 Compounding Sterile Injectable from Nonsterile Ingredients; Requirements
4127.8 Temporary License to Compound Injectable Sterile Drug Products When a Change of
Ownership
4127.9. Pharmacies that Compound Sterile Drug Products; Recalls; Requirements
5
Article 7.6. Centralized Hospital Packaging Pharmacy
Section
4128. Centralized Hospital Packaging
4128.2. Specialty License Required; Application; Fees
4128.3. Preparing and Storing Limited Quantity of Unit Dose Drugs in Advance of a PatientSpecific Prescription
4128.4. Barcode Required; Information Retrievable Upon Reading Barcode
4128.5. Labeling for Unit Dose Medications
4128.6. Compounding
4128.7. Integrity, Potency, Quality and Labeled Strength of Unit Dose Drug Products
Article 9. Hypodermic Needles and Syringes
4141. 4142. 4143. 4144. 4145. Furnishing without License
Prescription Required
Exemption: Sale to Other Entity, Physician, etc.
Industrial Use Exception
Conditions for Furnishing Hypodermic Needles and Syringes for Human Use or
Specified Animal Use without a Prescription
4146 Needle/Syringe Return in Sharps Container
4147. Disposal of Needle or Syringe
4148. Confiscation if Found Outside Licensed Premises
4149. Sale by Nonresident Distributor; License Required
Article 10. Pharmacy Corporations
4150.
4151.
4152.
4153.
4154.
4155.
4156.
Definitions
Licensure Requirements
Corporate Name Requirements
Shareholder Income While Disqualified
Regulations Authorized
Corporate Form Not Required
Unprofessional Conduct by Corporation
Article 11. Wholesalers and Manufacturers
4160. 4161. 4162. 4162.5
4163. 4163.1
Wholesaler: License Required
Nonresident Wholesaler Requirements
Wholesaler License Surety Bond Requirements
Issuance or Renewal of Nonresident Wholesaler License; Surety Bond
Unauthorized Furnishing by Manufacturer or Wholesaler
Legislative Intent on Pedigree Requirements [A Second Like-Numbered Section
Follows.]
4163.1. Drop Shipment by Manufacturer
4163.2. Pedigree; Grandfathering
4163.3. Pedigree Inference Standards
6
4163.4. Holding Legal Title on Pedigree Required Effective Date
4163.5 Pedigree Requirement Implementation Date
4164. Reports Required
4165. Sale or Transfer of Dangerous Drug or Device into State: Furnishing Records to
Authorized Officer on Demand; Citation for Non-compliance
4166. Shipping of Dangerous Drugs or Devices - Wholesaler or Distributor Liable for Security
and Integrity until Delivery
4167. Wholesaler: Bar on Obtaining Dangerous Drugs or Devices It Cannot Maintain on
Licensed Premises
4168. Board License Required for Local Business License
4169. Prohibited Acts
Article 12. Prescriber Dispensing
4170. Dispensing by Prescriber: Requirements and Restrictions; Enforcement
4170.5 Veterinarian in Teaching Hospital May Dispense and Administer Dangerous Drugs and
Devices; Requirements
4171. Exceptions to Section 4170: Samples; Clinics; Veterinarians; Narcotic Treatment
Programs; Certain Cancer Medications
4172. Storage Requirements
4173. Dispensing by Registered Nurses
4174. Dispensing by Pharmacist upon Order of Nurse Practitioner
4175. Processing of Complaints
Article 13. Nonprofit or Free Clinics
4180.
4181.
4182.
4183.
4184.
4185.
4186.
Purchase of Drugs at Wholesale Only with License: Eligible Clinics
License Requirements; Policies and Procedures; Who May Dispense
Duties of Professional Director; Consulting Pharmacist Required
No Professional Dispensing Fee
Dispensing Schedule II Substance by Clinic is Prohibited
Inspection Permitted
Automated Drug Delivery Systems
Article 14. Clinics
4190.
4191.
4192.
4193.
4194.
4195.
Clinic Defined; License Required; Purchase of Drugs at Wholesale: Drug Distribution
Service of a Clinic; Information Reported to the Board
Compliance with Department of Health Services Requirements; Who May Dispense
Drugs
Duties of Professional Director; Providing Information to Board
Clinic Not Eligible for Professional Dispensing Fee; Ban on Offering Drugs for Sale
Dispensing of Schedule II Substance by Clinic Prohibited; Physician May Dispense;
Administration Authorized in Clinic
Inspection Authorized
7
Article 15. Veterinary Food-Animal Drug Retailers
Section
4196. License Required: Temporary License on Transfer of Ownership; Board Approval of
Designated Representative-in-Charge
4197. Minimum Standards: Security; Sanitation; Board Regulations; Waivers
4198. Written Policies and Procedures Required: Contents; Training of Personnel; Quality
Assurance; Consulting Pharmacist
4199. Labeling Requirements; Maintaining Prescription Records
Article 16. Applications
4200. Pharmacist License Requirements: Age; Education; Experience; Examination; Proof of
Qualifications; Fees
4200.1. Multiple Failures of License Examination: Additional Education Requirement
4200.2. California Practice Standards and Jurisprudence Examination for Pharmacist; Required
Inclusions
4200.3. Examination Process to be Reviewed Regularly; Required Standards
4200.4. Retaking National Examination after Failure; Waiting Period
4200.5. Retired Licensee: Eligibility; Bar on Practice; Requirement for Restoration to Active
Status
4201. Application Form: Required Information; Authority Granted by License; Reporting
Changes in Beneficial Ownership
4202. Pharmacy Technician: License Requirements for Education, Experience; Board
Regulations; Criminal Background Check; Discipline
4203. Non-Profit Clinic License Application: Form; Investigation
4204. Surgical Clinic Application: Form; Investigation
4205. Sale or Dispensing of Hypodermic Syringes and Needles: When Separate License
Required; Form and Content of Application; Renewability; Discipline
4207. Investigation by Board
4208. Intern Pharmacist License
4209. Intern Pharmacist; Minimum Hours of Practice to Apply for Pharmacist Exam
4210. Advanced Practice Pharmacist License
Article 17. Continuing Education
4231. Requirements for Renewal of Pharmacist License: Clock Hours; Exemption for New
Licensee
4232. Content of Courses
4233. Advanced Practice Pharmacist; Continuing Education Requirements
4234. Exceptions: Emergencies; Hardship
Article 18. Poisons
4240. California Hazardous Substances Act; Application of Act
8
Article 19. Disciplinary Proceedings
Section
4300. Revocation and Suspension: Authority; Conditions; Issuance of Probationary License;
Application of Administrative Procedure Act; Judicial Review
4300.1 Board Authority to Render a Decision on a License
4301. Obtaining License by Fraud or Misrepresentation; Unprofessional Conduct
4301.5 Pharmacist License; Out-of-State Suspension or Revocation to Apply to California
License
4302. Discipline of Corporate Licensee for Conduct of Officer, Director, Shareholder
4303. Nonresident Pharmacy: Grounds for Discipline
4304. Nonresident Wholesaler: Authority to Discipline
4305. Disciplinary Grounds: Failure of Pharmacy, Pharmacist to Notify Board of Termination
of Pharmacist-in-Charge; Continuing to Operate Without Pharmacist
4305.5. Disciplinary Grounds: Failure of Wholesaler or Veterinary Food-Animal Drug Retailer to
Notify Board of Termination of Designated Representative-in-Charge; Continuing to
Operate Without a Designated Representative-in-Charge
4306. Violation of Professional Corporation Act as Unprofessional Conduct
4306.5. Acts or Omissions by Pharmacist: Unprofessional Conduct
4306.6 Mitigating Factors for Pharmacist-in-Charge Reporting Violations of Others
4307. Individuals with Denied, Revoked, Suspended, etc., Licenses Prohibited from Pharmacy
Ownership or Association with Board Licensed Entities
4308. Prohibited Association: Notification of Affected Licensees Known to Board
4309. Petition for Reinstatement, etc. of Disciplined License: Time for Filing; Contents;
Investigation; Hearing; Factors to Be Considered; Effect of Ongoing Criminal Sentence
or Accusation or Petition to Revoke Probation
4310. Notice of Denial of Application: Petition for Licensure; Application of Administrative
Procedure Act
4311. Suspension of License for Felony Conviction: Automatic Suspension; Summary
Suspension; Other Suspensions; Applicable Proceedings
4312. Voiding License of Entity Remaining Closed: Notice; Disposition of Stock; Distribution
of Proceeds Where Board Sells Stock
4313. Evidence of Rehabilitation; Priority of Public Protection
4314. Orders of Abatement
4315. Letters of Admonishment
Article 20. Prohibitions and Offenses
4320. Penalties for Violation of Pharmacy Law: Actions Authorized; Who May File Actions
4321. Penalties: Misdemeanors; Infractions
4322. Misdemeanor or Infraction: False Representations to Secure License for Self or Others;
False Representation of Licensure; Penalties
4323. Misdemeanor: False Representation of Self as Physician, Agent of Physician, etc. to
Obtain Drug
4324. Felony or Misdemeanor: Forgery of Prescription; Possession of Drugs Obtained Through
Forged Prescription
4325. Misdemeanor: Manufacture, Possession, etc. of False Prescription Blank
4326. Misdemeanor: Obtaining Needle or Syringe by Fraud, etc.; Unlawful Use of Needle or
Syringe Obtained from Another
4327. Misdemeanor: Sale, Dispensing, or Compounding While under the Influence of Drugs or
Alcoholic Beverages
9
Section
4328. Misdemeanor: Permitting Compounding, Dispensing, or Furnishing by Non-Pharmacist
4329. Misdemeanor: Non-Pharmacist Acting as Manager; Compounding, Dispensing or
Furnishing Drugs
4330. Misdemeanor: Non-Pharmacist Owner Failing to Place Pharmacist-in-Charge;
Dispensing or Compounding Except by Pharmacist; Interfering with Pharmacist-inCharge
4331. Misdemeanor: Medical Device Retailer, Wholesaler, Veterinary Food-Animal Drug
Retailer Failing to Place Pharmacist or Designated Representative-in-Charge; Permitting
Dispensing or Compounding Except by Pharmacist or Designated Representative
4332. Misdemeanor: Failure or Refusal to Maintain or Produce Required Drug or Device
Records; Willful Production of False Records
4333. Maintaining Prescriptions, Other Drug Records on Premises, Open to Inspection; Waiver;
Willful Failure to Keep or Permit Inspection of Records of Prescriptions, Other Records
is Misdemeanor
4335. Knowingly Failing to Arrange for Disposition of Stock of Closed or Discontinued
Business: Misdemeanor
4336. Felony: Knowing or Willful Use of Minor to Violate Specified Sections of Pharmacy
Law: Exception for Pharmacist Furnishing Pursuant to a Prescription
4337. Distribution of Fines Collected
4338. Additional Fines May be Assessed
4339. Board Action to Enjoin Violation of Pharmacy Law; Exception for Certain Drugs and
Devices
4340. Unlawful Advertising by Nonresident Pharmacy Not Registered with Board
4341. Advertisement of Prescription Drugs or Devices
4342. Actions by Board to Prevent Sales of Preparations or Drugs Lacking Quality or Strength;
Penalties for Knowing or Willful Violation of Regulations Governing Those Sales
4343. Buildings: Prohibition Against Use of Certain Signs Unless Licensed Pharmacy Within
Article 21. Pharmacists Recovery Program
4360.
4361. 4362. 4364. 4365. 4366. 4369. Impaired Pharmacists: Legislative Intent
Definitions
Function of Program: Board Referrals; Voluntary, Confidential Participation
Criteria for Participation to Be Established by Board
Contracting with Employee Assistance Program: Selection
Function of the Employee Assistance Program
Board Referrals to Program: Written Information Provided to Licensee; Termination for
Non-Compliance; Report to Board of Termination When Public Safety Threatened;
Authority to Discipline
4371. Review of Activities of Program
4372. Confidential Records; Exception for Disciplinary Proceeding
4373. Immunity from Civil Liability
Article 22. Unfair Trade Practices
4380. Resale of Preferentially Priced Drugs: Prohibition; Exceptions
4381. Violation of Article as Unfair Competition; Private Actions Authorized; Triple Damages
and Attorneys’ Fees; Proof Required
4382. Board May Audit Sales to Walk-in Customers
10
Article 23. Revenue and Renewal
Section
4400. Fees
4401. Pharmacist: Biennial Renewal
4402. Cancellation: of Pharmacist after Non-Renewal for Three Years; All Other Licenses after
60 Days
4403. Reissuance without Payment of Fees Prohibited
4404. Reissuance of Lost or Destroyed License; Proof of Loss, etc.
4405. Disposition of Fines
4406. Report of Fees Collected
4407. Compensation of Members
4409. Pharmacist Scholarship Program, Donations
Article 24. Prescription Rates for Medicare Beneficiaries
4425. Pharmacy Participation in Medi-Cal Program; Conditions; Department of Health Care
Services Utilization Review and Monitoring
4426. Department of Health Services to Study Reimbursement Rates
Other Important Sections of the Business & Professions Code
31
Licensee or Applicant Name on Tax Delinquencies List
40
Expert Consultant Agreement
114.5. Applicants; Military Service Inquiry
115.5. Expedited Licensure Process
125.3. Recovery of Investigation and Enforcement Costs: Procedures; Proof; Enforcement
125.9. Citation and Fine
144.5. Authority to Receive Certified Records
148. Unlicensed Activity
208. CURES Fee Assessment
209. CURES Prescription Drug Monitoring Program; Application and Approval Process
315.2 Violation of Probation; Order for Licensee to Cease Practice
315.4 Order Clinical Diagnostic Evaluation for Licensee
460
Licensed Department of Consumer Affairs Businesses
476
Licensure/Registration Related to Section 31
480
Denial of Licenses
494.5 License Shall Not be Issued, Reactivated, Reinstated, or Renewed and be Suspended if
Named on Certified Tax Delinquencies List
650. Rebates or Discounts for Referral Prohibited
650.1. Lease Prohibition - Hospitals or Prescribers
651. Professional Advertising Requirements
652. Violation as Unprofessional Conduct
652.5. Violation as Misdemeanor
733.
Dispensing Prescription Drugs and Devices
901
Authorization for Out-of-State Health Practitioners to Participate in Sponsored Events in
California
17500. False or Misleading Statements, Generally
11
BUSINESS & PROFESSIONS CODE CHAPTER 9, DIVISION 2 Article 1. Administration
4000. Chapter Title
This chapter constitutes, and may be cited as, the Pharmacy Law.
4001. Board of Pharmacy; Appointment; Terms
(a) There is in the Department of Consumer Affairs a California State Board of Pharmacy in
which the administration and enforcement of this chapter is vested. The board consists of 13
members.
(b) The Governor shall appoint seven competent pharmacists who reside in different parts of the
state to serve as members of the board. The Governor shall appoint four public members, and the
Senate Committee on Rules and the Speaker of the Assembly shall each appoint a public member
who shall not be a licensee of the board, any other board under this division, or any board referred
to in Section 1000 or 3600.
(c) At least five of the seven pharmacist appointees to the board shall be pharmacists who are
actively engaged in the practice of pharmacy. Additionally, the membership of the board shall
include at least one pharmacist representative from each of the following practice settings: an
acute care hospital, an independent community pharmacy, a chain community pharmacy, and a
long-term health care or skilled nursing facility. The pharmacist appointees shall also include a
pharmacist who is a member of a labor union that represents pharmacists. For the purposes of this
subdivision, a "chain community pharmacy" means a chain of 75 or more stores in California
under the same ownership, and an "independent community pharmacy" means a pharmacy owned
by a person or entity who owns no more than four pharmacies in California.
(d) Members of the board shall be appointed for a term of four years. No person shall serve as a
member of the board for more than two consecutive terms. Each member shall hold office until
the appointment and qualification of his or her successor or until one year shall have elapsed
since the expiration of the term for which the member was appointed, whichever first occurs.
Vacancies occurring shall be filled by appointment for the unexpired term.
(e) Each member of the board shall receive a per diem and expenses as provided in Section 103.
(f) This section shall remain in effect only until January 1, 2017, and as of that date is repealed,
unless a later enacted statute, that is enacted before January 1, 2017, deletes or extends that date.
Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the repeal of this section renders the board subject to
review by the appropriate policy committees of the Legislature.
4001.1. Protection of the Public is Board’s Highest Priority
Protection of the public shall be the highest priority for the California State Board of Pharmacy
in exercising its licensing, regulatory, and disciplinary functions. Whenever the protection of the
public is inconsistent with other interests sought to be promoted, the protection of the public shall
be paramount.
4001.5. Pharmacist Shortage ; Recommendations to Alleviate
The Joint Committee on Boards, Commissions, and Consumer Protection shall review the state's
shortage of pharmacists and make recommendations on a course of action to alleviate the
shortage, including, but not limited to, a review of the current California pharmacist licensure
examination.
12
4002. Officers
(a) The board shall elect a president, a vice president, and a treasurer. The officers of the board
shall be elected by a majority of the membership of the board.
(b) The principal office of the board shall be located in Sacramento. The board shall hold a
meeting at least once in every four months. Seven members of the board constitute a quorum.
4003. Executive Officer; Records; Revenue
(a) The board, with the approval of the director, may appoint a person exempt from civil service
who shall be designated as an executive officer and who shall exercise the powers and perform
the duties delegated by the board and vested in him or her by this chapter. The executive officer
may or may not be a member of the board as the board may determine.
(b) The executive officer shall receive the compensation as established by the board with the
approval of the Director of Finance. The executive officer shall also be entitled to travel and other
expenses necessary in the performance of his or her duties.
(c) The executive officer shall maintain and update in a timely fashion records containing the
names, titles, qualifications, and places of business of all persons subject to this chapter.
(d) The executive officer shall give receipts for all money received by him or her and pay it to
the department, taking its receipt therefor. Besides the duties required by this chapter, the
executive officer shall perform other duties pertaining to the office as may be required of him or
her by the board.
(e) This section shall remain in effect only until January 1, 2017, and as of that date is repealed,
unless a later enacted statute, that is enacted before January 1, 2017, deletes or extends that date.
4004. Teaching by Board Members
No member of the board shall teach pharmacy in any of its branches, unless he or she teaches as
either one of the following:
(a) A teacher in a public capacity and in a college of pharmacy.
(b) A teacher of an approved continuing education class as, or under the control of, an accredited
provider of continuing education.
4005. Adoption of Rules and Regulations
(a) The board may adopt rules and regulations, not inconsistent with the laws of this state, as
may be necessary for the protection of the public. Included therein shall be the right to adopt rules
and regulations as follows: for the proper and more effective enforcement and administration of
this chapter; pertaining to the practice of pharmacy; relating to the sanitation of persons and
establishments licensed under this chapter; pertaining to establishments wherein any drug or
device is compounded, prepared, furnished, or dispensed; providing for standards of minimum
equipment for establishments licensed under this chapter; pertaining to the sale of drugs by or
through any mechanical device; and relating to pharmacy practice experience necessary for
licensure as a pharmacist.
(b) Notwithstanding any provision of this chapter to the contrary, the board may adopt
regulations permitting the dispensing of drugs or devices in emergency situations, and permitting
dispensing of drugs or devices pursuant to a prescription of a person licensed to prescribe in a
state other than California where the person, if licensed in California in the same licensure
classification would, under California law, be permitted to prescribe drugs or devices and where
the pharmacist has first interviewed the patient to determine the authenticity of the prescription.
(c) The adoption, amendment, or repeal by the board of these or any other board rules or
regulations shall be in accordance with Chapter 3.5 (commencing with Section 11340) of Part 1
of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code.
13
4006. Regulations Restricting Furnishing of Particular Drug
The board may adopt regulations consistent with this chapter and Section 111485 of the Health
and Safety Code or regulations adopted thereunder, limiting or restricting the furnishing of a
particular drug upon a finding that the otherwise unrestricted retail sale of the drug pursuant to
Section 4057 is dangerous to the public health or safety.
4007. Limitations of Rules
(a) Nothing in Section 4005 shall be construed as authorizing the board to adopt rules of
professional conduct relating to price fixing or advertising of commodities.
(b) Nothing in Section 4005 shall be construed as authorizing the board to adopt any rule or
regulation that would require that a pharmacist personally perform any function for which the
education, experience, training, and specialized knowledge of a pharmacist are not reasonably
required. However, rules and regulations may require that the function be performed only under
the effective supervision of a pharmacist who shall have the overall responsibility for supervising
all activities that take place in the pharmacy.
4008. Inspectors; Authority as Public Officers
(a) Except as provided by Section 159.5, the board may employ inspectors of pharmacy. The
inspectors, whether the inspectors are employed by the board or the department's Division of
Investigation, may inspect during business hours all pharmacies, wholesalers, dispensaries, stores,
or places where drugs or devices are compounded, prepared, furnished, dispensed, or stored.
(b) Notwithstanding subdivision (a), a pharmacy inspector may inspect or examine a physician's
office or clinic that does not have a permit under Section 4180 or 4190 only to the extent
necessary to determine compliance with and to enforce either Section 4080 or 4081.
(c) (1) (A) A pharmacy inspector employed by the board or in the department's Division of
Investigation shall have the authority, as a public officer, to arrest, without warrant, any person
whenever the officer has reasonable cause to believe that the person to be arrested has, in his or
her presence, violated a provision of this chapter or of Division 10 (commencing with Section
11000) of the Health and Safety Code.
(B) If the violation is a felony, or if the arresting officer has reasonable cause to believe that
the person to be arrested has violated any provision that is declared to be a felony, although no
felony has in fact been committed, he or she may make an arrest although the violation or
suspected violation did not occur in his or her presence.
(2) In any case in which an arrest authorized by this subdivision is made for an offense
declared to be a misdemeanor, and the person arrested does not demand to be taken before a
magistrate, the arresting inspector may, instead of taking the person before a magistrate, follow
the procedure prescribed by Chapter 5C (commencing with Section 853.5) of Title 3 of Part 2 of
the Penal Code. That chapter shall thereafter apply with reference to any proceeding based upon
the issuance of a citation pursuant to this authority.
(d) There shall be no civil liability on the part of, and no cause of action shall arise against, a
person, acting pursuant to subdivision (a) within the scope of his or her authority, for false arrest
or false imprisonment arising out of an arrest that is lawful, or that the arresting officer, at the
time of the arrest, had reasonable cause to believe was lawful. An inspector shall not be deemed
an aggressor or lose his or her right to self-defense by the use of reasonable force to effect the
arrest, to prevent escape, or to overcome resistance.
(e) Any inspector may serve all processes and notices throughout the state.
(f) A pharmacy inspector employed by the board may enter a facility licensed pursuant to
subdivision (c) or (d) of Section 1250 of the Health and Safety Code to inspect an automated drug
delivery system operated pursuant to Section 4119 or 4119.1.
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4009. Board Rules; Exemption From Coverage Under Industrial Welfare Commission
Rules
The board may not adopt or amend any rule or regulation that thereby would conflict with
Section 1186 of the Labor Code.
4010. Immunity of Officers
All authorized officers of the law, while investigating violations of this chapter in performance
of their official duties, and any person working under their immediate direction, supervision, or
instruction are immune from prosecution under this chapter.
4011. Administration and Enforcement of Uniform Controlled Substances Act
The board shall administer and enforce this chapter and the Uniform Controlled Substances Act
(Division 10 (commencing with Section 11000) of the Health and Safety Code).
4012. Board to Provide Copy of Laws or Regulations
The board shall upon request furnish any person with a copy of the laws or regulations relating
to dangerous drugs, the furnishing or possession of which is restricted by this article or by further
rules of the board.
4013. Board licensed Facilities Required to Join Board’s E-Mail Notification List
(a) Any facility licensed by the board shall join the board’s e-mail notification list within 60 days of
obtaining a license or at the time of license renewal.
(b) Any facility licensed by the board shall update its e-mail address with the board’s e-mail
notification list within 30 days of a change in the facility’s e-mail address.
(c) An owner of two or more facilities licensed by the board may comply with subdivisions (a) and (b)
by subscribing a single e-mail address to the board’s e-mail notification list, where the owner
maintains an electronic notice system within all of its licensed facilities that, upon receipt of an e-mail
notification from the board, immediately transmits electronic notice of the same notification to all of
its licensed facilities. If an owner chooses to comply with this section by using such an electronic
notice system, the owner shall register the electronic notice system with the board by July 1,
2011, or within 60 days of initial licensure, whichever is later, informing the board of the single e-mail
address to be utilized by the owner, describing the electronic notice system, and listing all facilities to
which immediate notice will be provided. The owner shall update its e-mail address with the board’s
e-mail notification list within 30 days of any change in the owner’s e-mail address.
(d) This section shall become operative on July 1, 2010.
Article 2. Definitions
4015. Definitions to Govern Construction
For purposes of this chapter, the definitions of the terms in this article shall govern the
construction of this chapter, unless otherwise indicated.
4016. Administer
"Administer" means the direct application of a drug or device to the body of a patient or
research subject by injection, inhalation, ingestion, or other means.
4016.5. Advanced Practice Pharmacist
“Advanced practice pharmacist” means a licensed pharmacist who has been recognized as an
advanced practice pharmacist by the board, pursuant to Section 4210. A board-recognized
advanced practice pharmacist is entitled to practice advanced practice pharmacy, as described in
Section 4052.6, within or outside of a licensed pharmacy as authorized by this chapter.
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4017. Authorized Officers of the Law
"Authorized officers of the law" means inspectors of the California State Board of Pharmacy,
inspectors of the Food and Drug Branch of the State Department of Public Health, and
investigators of the department's Division of Investigation or peace officers engaged in official
investigations.
4018. Board
"Board" means the California State Board of Pharmacy.
4019. Chart Order
An "order," entered on the chart or medical record of a patient registered in a hospital or a
patient under emergency treatment in the hospital, by or on the order of a practitioner authorized
by law to prescribe drugs, shall be authorization for the administration of the drug from hospital
floor or ward stocks furnished by the hospital pharmacy or under licensure granted under Section
4056, and shall be considered to be a prescription if the medication is to be furnished directly to
the patient by the hospital pharmacy or another pharmacy furnishing prescribed drugs for hospital
patients; provided that the chart or medical record of the patient contains all of the information
required by Sections 4040 and 4070 and the order is signed by the practitioner authorized by law
to prescribe drugs, if he or she is present when the drugs are given. If he or she is not present
when the drugs are given, the order shall be signed either by the attending physician responsible
for the patient's care at the time the drugs are given to the patient or by the practitioner who
ordered the drugs for the patient on the practitioner's next visit to the hospital.
4021. Controlled Substance
"Controlled substance" means any substance listed in Chapter 2 (commencing with Section
11053) of Division 10 of the Health and Safety Code.
4022. Dangerous Drug – Dangerous Device Defined
"Dangerous drug" or "dangerous device" means any drug or device unsafe for self-use in
humans or animals, and includes the following:
(a) Any drug that bears the legend: "Caution: federal law prohibits dispensing without
prescription," "Rx only," or words of similar import.
(b) Any device that bears the statement: "Caution: federal law restricts this device to sale by or
on the order of a ____," "Rx only," or words of similar import, the blank to be filled in with the
designation of the practitioner licensed to use or order use of the device.
(c) Any other drug or device that by federal or state law can be lawfully dispensed only on
prescription or furnished pursuant to Section 4006.
4022.5. Designated Representative; Designated Representative-in-Charge
(a) "Designated representative" means an individual to whom a license has been granted
pursuant to Section 4053. A pharmacist fulfilling the duties of Section 4053 shall not be required
to obtain a license as a designated representative.
(b) "Designated representative-in-charge" means a designated representative or a pharmacist
proposed by a wholesaler or veterinary food-animal drug retailer and approved by the board as
the supervisor or manager responsible for ensuring the wholesaler’s or veterinary food-animal
drug retailer’s compliance with all state and federal laws and regulations pertaining to practice in
the applicable license category.
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4023. Device
"Device" means any instrument, apparatus, machine, implant, in vitro reagent, or contrivance,
including its components, parts, products, or the byproducts of a device, and accessories that are
used or intended for either of the following:
(a) Use in the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment, or prevention of disease in a human or any
other animal.
(b) To affect the structure or any function of the body of a human or any other animal.
For purposes of this chapter, "device" does not include contact lenses, or any prosthetic or
orthopedic device that does not require a prescription.
4023.5. Direct Supervision and Control
For the purposes of this chapter, "direct supervision and control" means that a pharmacist is on
the premises at all times and is fully aware of all activities performed by either a pharmacy
technician or intern pharmacist.
4024. Dispense
(a) Except as provided in subdivision (b), "dispense" means the furnishing of drugs or devices
upon a prescription from a physician, dentist, optometrist, podiatrist, veterinarian, or naturopathic
doctor pursuant to Section 3640.7, or upon an order to furnish drugs or transmit a prescription
from a certified nurse-midwife, nurse practitioner, physician assistant, naturopathic doctor
pursuant to Section 3640.5, or pharmacist acting within the scope of his or her practice.
(b) "Dispense" also means and refers to the furnishing of drugs or devices directly to a patient
by a physician, dentist, optometrist, podiatrist, or veterinarian, or by a certified nurse-midwife,
nurse practitioner, naturopathic doctor, or physician assistant acting within the scope of his or her
practice.
4025. Drug
"Drug" means any of the following:
(a) Articles recognized in the official United States Pharmacopoeia, official National Formulary
or official Homeopathic Pharmacopoeia of the United States, or any supplement of any of them.
(b) Articles intended for use in the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment, or prevention of
disease in humans or other animals.
(c) Articles (other than food) intended to affect the structure or any function of the body of
humans or other animals.
(d) Articles intended for use as a component of any article specified in subdivision (a), (b), or
(c).
4025.1. Non-Prescription Drug
"Nonprescription drug" means a drug which may be sold without a prescription and which is
labeled for use by the consumer in accordance with the requirements of the laws and rules of this
state and the federal government.
4026. Furnish
"Furnish" means to supply by any means, by sale or otherwise.
4026.5. Good Standing
"Good standing" means a license issued by the board that is unrestricted by disciplinary action
taken pursuant to Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 11500) of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2
of the Government Code.
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4027. Skilled Nursing Facility – Intermediate Care Facility – Other Health Care Facilities
(a) As used in this chapter, the terms "skilled nursing facility," "intermediate care facility," and
other references to health facilities shall be construed with respect to the definitions contained in
Article 1 (commencing with Section 1250) of Chapter 2 of Division 2 of the Health and Safety
Code.
(b) As used in Section 4052.1, "licensed health care facility" means a facility licensed pursuant
to Article 1 (commencing with Section 1250) of Chapter 2 of Division 2 of the Health and Safety
Code or a facility, as defined in Section 1250 of the Health and Safety Code, operated by a health
care service plan licensed pursuant to Chapter 2.2 (commencing with Section 1340) of Division 2
of the Health and Safety Code.
(c) As used in Section 4052.2, "health care facility" means a facility, other than a facility
licensed under Division 2 (commencing with Section 1200) of the Health and Safety Code, that is
owned or operated by a health care service plan licensed pursuant to Chapter 2.2 (commencing
with Section 1340) of the Health and Safety Code, or by an organization under common
ownership or control of the health care service plan; "licensed home health agency" means a
private or public organization licensed by the State Department of Public Health pursuant to
Chapter 8 (commencing with Section 1725) of Division 2 of the Health and Safety Code, as
further defined in Section 1727 of the Health and Safety Code; and "licensed clinic" means a
clinic licensed pursuant to Article 1 (commencing with Section 1200) of Chapter 1 of Division 2
of the Health and Safety Code.
(d) "Licensed health care facility" or "facility," as used in Section 4065, means a health facility
licensed pursuant to Article 1 (commencing with Section 1250) of Chapter 2 of Division 2 of the
Health and Safety Code or a facility that is owned or operated by a health care service plan
licensed pursuant to Chapter 2.2 (commencing with Section 1340) of Division 2 of the Health and
Safety Code or by an organization under common ownership or control with the health care
service plan.
4028. Licensed Hospital
"Licensed hospital" means an institution, place, building, or agency that maintains and operates
organized facilities for one or more persons for the diagnosis, care, and treatment of human
illnesses to which persons may be admitted for overnight stay, and includes any institution
classified under regulations issued by the State Department of Public Health as a general or
specialized hospital, as a maternity hospital, or as a tuberculosis hospital, but does not include a
sanitarium, rest home, a nursing or convalescent home, a maternity home, or an institution for
treating alcoholics.
4029. Hospital Pharmacy
(a) "Hospital pharmacy" means and includes a pharmacy, licensed by the board, located within
any licensed hospital, institution, or establishment that maintains and operates organized facilities
for the diagnosis, care, and treatment of human illnesses to which persons may be admitted for
overnight stay and that meets all of the requirements of this chapter and the rules and regulations
of the board.
(b) A hospital pharmacy also includes a pharmacy that may be located outside of the hospital in
another physical plant that is regulated under a hospital's consolidated license issued pursuant to
Section 1250.8 of the Health and Safety Code. As a condition of licensure by the board, the
pharmacy in another physical plant shall provide pharmaceutical services only to registered
hospital patients who are on the premises of the same physical plant in which the pharmacy is
located, except as provided in Article 7.6 (commencing with Section 4128). The pharmacy
services provided shall be directly related to the services or treatment plan administered in the
physical plant. Nothing in this subdivision shall be construed to restrict or expand the services
that a hospital pharmacy may provide.
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4030. Intern Pharmacist
"Intern pharmacist" means a person issued a license pursuant to Section 4208.
4031. Laboratory
"Laboratory" means a research, teaching, or testing laboratory not engaged in the dispensing or
furnishing of drugs or devices but using dangerous drugs or dangerous devices for scientific or
teaching purposes. Every laboratory shall maintain an established place of business and keep
purchase records. Every laboratory shall be subject to the jurisdiction of the board.
4032. License
"License" means and includes any license, permit, registration, certificate, or exemption issued
by the board and includes the process of applying for and renewing the same.
4033. Manufacturer
(a) (1) "Manufacturer" means and includes every person who prepares, derives, produces,
compounds, or repackages any drug or device except a pharmacy that manufactures on the
immediate premises where the drug or device is sold to the ultimate consumer.
(2) Notwithstanding paragraph (1), "manufacturer" shall not mean a pharmacy compounding a
drug for parenteral therapy, pursuant to a prescription, for delivery to another pharmacy for the
purpose of delivering or administering the drug to the patient or patients named in the
prescription, provided that neither the components for the drug nor the drug are compounded,
fabricated, packaged, or otherwise prepared prior to receipt of the prescription.
(3) Notwithstanding paragraph (1), "manufacturer" shall not mean a pharmacy that, at a
patient's request, repackages a drug previously dispensed to the patient, or to the patient's agent,
pursuant to a prescription.
(b) Notwithstanding subdivision (a), as used in Sections 4034, 4163, 4163.1, 4163.2, 4163.3,
4163.4, and 4163.5, "manufacturer" means a person who prepares, derives, manufactures,
produces, or repackages a dangerous drug, as defined in Section 4022, device, or cosmetic.
Manufacturer also means the holder or holders of a New Drug Application (NDA), an
Abbreviated New Drug Application (ANDA), or a Biologics License Application (BLA),
provided that such application has been approved; a manufacturer's third party logistics provider;
a private label distributor (including colicensed partners) for whom the private label distributor's
prescription drugs are originally manufactured and labeled for the distributor and have not been
repackaged; or the distributor agent for the manufacturer, contract manufacturer, or private label
distributor, whether the establishment is a member of the manufacturer's affiliated group
(regardless of whether the member takes title to the drug) or is a contract distributor site.
4034. Pedigree
(a) "Pedigree" means a record, in electronic form, containing information regarding each
transaction resulting in a change of ownership of a given dangerous drug, from sale by a
manufacturer, through acquisition and sale by one or more wholesalers, manufacturers,
repackagers, or pharmacies, until final sale to a pharmacy or other person furnishing,
administering, or dispensing the dangerous drug. The pedigree shall be created and maintained in
an interoperable electronic system, ensuring compatibility throughout all stages of distribution.
(b) A pedigree shall include all of the following information:
(1) The source of the dangerous drug, including the name, the federal manufacturer's
registration number or a state license number as determined by the board, and principal address of
the source.
(2) The trade or generic name of the dangerous drug, the quantity of the dangerous drug, its
dosage form and strength, the date of the transaction, the sales invoice number or, if not
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immediately available, a customer-specific shipping reference number linked to the sales invoice
number, the container size, the number of containers, the expiration dates, and the lot numbers.
(3) The business name, address, and the federal manufacturer's registration number or a state
license number as determined by the board, of each owner of the dangerous drug, and the
dangerous drug shipping information, including the name and address of each person certifying
delivery or receipt of the dangerous drug.
(4) A certification under penalty of perjury from a responsible party of the source of the
dangerous drug that the information contained in the pedigree is true and accurate.
(5) The unique identification number described in subdivision (i).
(c) A single pedigree shall include every change of ownership of a given dangerous drug from
its initial manufacture through to its final transaction to a pharmacy or other person for
furnishing, administering, or dispensing the drug, regardless of repackaging or assignment of
another National Drug Code (NDC) Directory number. Dangerous drugs that are repackaged shall
be serialized by the repackager and a pedigree shall be provided that references the pedigree of
the original package or packages provided by the manufacturer.
(d) A pedigree shall track each dangerous drug at the smallest package or immediate container
distributed by the manufacturer, received and distributed by the wholesaler or repackager, and
received by the pharmacy or another person furnishing, administering, or dispensing the
dangerous drug. For purposes of this section, the "smallest package or immediate container" of a
dangerous drug shall include any dangerous drug package or container made available to a
repackager, wholesaler, pharmacy, or other entity for repackaging or redistribution, as well as the
smallest unit made by the manufacturer for sale to the pharmacy or other person furnishing,
administering, or dispensing the drug.
(e) Any return of a dangerous drug to a wholesaler or manufacturer shall be documented on the
same pedigree as the transaction that resulted in the receipt of the drug by the party returning it.
(f) If a licensed health care service plan, hospital organization, and one or more physician
organizations have exclusive contractual relationships to provide health care services, drugs
distributed between these persons shall be deemed not to have changed ownership.
(g) The following transactions are exempt from the pedigree requirement created by this section:
(1) An intracompany sale or transfer of a dangerous drug. For purposes of this section,
"intracompany sale or transfer" means any transaction for any valid business purpose between a
division, subsidiary, parent, or affiliated or related company under the common ownership and
control of the same corporate or legal entity.
(2) Dangerous drugs received by the state or a local government entity from a department or
agency of the federal government or an agent of the federal government specifically authorized to
deliver dangerous drugs to the state or local government entity.
(3) The provision of samples of dangerous drugs by a manufacturer's employee to an
authorized prescriber, provided the samples are dispensed to a patient of the prescriber without
charge.
(4) (A) A sale, trade, or transfer of a radioactive drug, as defined in Section 1708.3 of Title 16
of the California Code of Regulations, between any two entities licensed by the Radiologic
Health Branch of the State Department of Public Health, the federal Nuclear Regulatory
Commission, or an Agreement state.
(B) The exemption in this paragraph shall remain in effect unless the board, no earlier than
the date that is two years after the compliance date for manufacturers set forth in subdivision (k)
of Section 4034 or Section 4163.5, determines after consultation with the Radiologic Health
Branch of the State Department of Public Health that the risk of counterfeiting or diversion of a
radioactive drug is sufficient to require a pedigree. Two years following the date of any such
determination, this paragraph shall become inoperative.
(5) The sale, trade, or transfer of a dangerous drug that is labeled by the manufacturer as "for
veterinary use only."
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(6) The sale, trade, or transfer of compressed medical gas. For purposes of this section,
"compressed medical gas" means any substance in its gaseous or cryogenic liquid form that meets
medical purity standards and has application in a medical or homecare environment, including,
but not limited to, oxygen and nitrous oxide.
(7) The sale, trade, or transfer of solutions. For purposes of this section, "solutions" means any
of the following:
(A) Those intravenous products that, by their formulation, are intended for the replenishment
of fluids and electrolytes, such as sodium, chloride, and potassium, calories, such as dextrose and
amino acids, or both.
(B) Those intravenous products used to maintain the equilibrium of water and minerals in
the body, such as dialysis solutions.
(C) Products that are intended for irrigation or reconstitution, as well as sterile water,
whether intended for those purposes or for injection.
(8) Dangerous drugs that are placed in a sealed package with a medical device or medical
supplies at the point of first shipment into commerce by the manufacturer and the package
remains sealed until the drug and device are used, provided that the package is only used for
surgical purposes.
(9) A product that meets either of the following criteria:
(A) A product comprised of two or more regulated components, such as a drug/device,
biologic/device, or drug/device/biologic, that are physically, chemically, or otherwise combined
or mixed and produced as a single entity.
(B) Two or more separate products packaged together in a single package or as a unit and
comprised of drug and device products or device and biological products.
(h) If a manufacturer, wholesaler, or pharmacy has reasonable cause to believe that a dangerous
drug in, or having been in, its possession is counterfeit or the subject of a fraudulent transaction,
the manufacturer, wholesaler, or pharmacy shall notify the board within 72 hours of obtaining
that knowledge. This subdivision shall apply to any dangerous drug that has been sold or
distributed in or through this state.
(i) "Interoperable electronic system" as used in this chapter means an electronic track and trace
system for dangerous drugs that uses a unique identification number, established at the point of
manufacture and supplemented by a linked unique identification number in the event that drug is
repackaged, contained within a standardized nonproprietary data format and architecture, that is
uniformly used by manufacturers, wholesalers, repackagers, and pharmacies for the pedigree of a
dangerous drug. No particular data carrier or other technology is mandated to accomplish the
attachment of the unique identification number described in this subdivision.
(j) The application of the pedigree requirement shall be subject to review during the board's
evaluation pursuant to Section 473.4.
(k) This section shall become operative on January 1, 2015.
4034.1. Enactment of Federal Pedigree Legislation
(a) (1) Upon the effective date of federal legislation or adoption of a federal regulation
addressing pedigree or serialization measures for dangerous drugs, Sections 4034, 4163, 4163.1,
4163.2, 4163.4, and 4163.5 shall become inoperative.
(2) Within 90 days of the enactment of federal legislation or adoption of a regulation
addressing pedigree or serialization measures for dangerous drugs, the board shall publish a
notice that Sections 4034, 4163, 4163.1, 4163.2, 4163.4, and 4163.5 are inoperative.
(3) Within 90 days of the enactment of federal legislation or adoption of a regulation that is
inconsistent with any provision of California law governing the application of any pedigree or
serialization requirement or standard, the board shall adopt emergency regulations necessary to
reflect the inoperation of state law.
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(b) (1) If the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) enacts any rule, standard, or takes any other
action that is inconsistent with any provision of California law governing application of a
pedigree to a dangerous drug, that provision of California law shall be inoperative.
(2) Within 90 days of the FDA enacting any rule, standard, or taking any other action that is
inconsistent with any provision of California law governing application of a pedigree to a
dangerous drug, the board shall publish a notice that the provision is inoperative.
(3) Within 90 days of the FDA enacting any rule, standard, or taking any other action that is
inconsistent with any provision of California law governing application of a pedigree to a
dangerous drug, the board shall adopt emergency regulations necessary to reflect the inoperation
of state law.
(c) If the board fails to recognize the inoperation within 90 days pursuant to this section, nothing
in this section shall preclude a party from filing an action in state or federal court for declaratory
or injunctive relief as an alternative to filing a petition with the board.
4035. Person
“Person" includes firm, association, partnership, corporation, limited liability company, state
governmental agency, or political subdivision.
4036. Pharmacist
"Pharmacist" means a natural person to whom a license has been issued by the board, under
Section 4200, except as specifically provided otherwise in this chapter. The holder of an
unexpired and active pharmacist license issued by the board is entitled to practice pharmacy as
defined by this chapter, within or outside of a licensed pharmacy as authorized by this chapter.
4036.5. Pharmacist-in-Charge
“Pharmacist-in-charge” means a pharmacist proposed by a pharmacy and approved by the board
as the supervisor or manager responsible for ensuring the pharmacy’s compliance with all state
and federal laws and regulations pertaining to the practice of pharmacy.
4037. Pharmacy
(a) "Pharmacy" means an area, place, or premises licensed by the board in which the profession
of pharmacy is practiced and where prescriptions are compounded. "Pharmacy" includes, but is
not limited to, any area, place, or premises described in a license issued by the board wherein
controlled substances, dangerous drugs, or dangerous devices are stored, possessed, prepared,
manufactured, derived, compounded, or repackaged, and from which the controlled substances,
dangerous drugs, or dangerous devices are furnished, sold, or dispensed at retail.
(b) "Pharmacy" shall not include any area in a facility licensed by the State Department of
Public Health where floor supplies, ward supplies, operating room supplies, or emergency room
supplies of dangerous drugs or dangerous devices are stored or possessed solely for treatment of
patients registered for treatment in the facility or for treatment of patients receiving emergency
care in the facility.
4038. Pharmacy Technician
(a) "Pharmacy technician" means an individual who assists a pharmacist in a pharmacy in the
performance of his or her pharmacy related duties, as specified in Section 4115.
(b) A "pharmacy technician trainee" is a person who is enrolled in a pharmacy technician
training program operated by a California public postsecondary education institution or by a
private postsecondary vocational institution approved by the Bureau for Private Postsecondary
and Vocational Education.
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4039. Physician; Other Practitioners Defined
"Physicians," "dentists," "optometrists," "pharmacists," "podiatrists," "veterinarians," "veterinary
surgeons," "registered nurses," "naturopathic doctors," and "physician's assistants" are persons
authorized by a currently valid and unrevoked license to practice their respective professions in
this state. "Physician" means and includes any person holding a valid and unrevoked physician' s
and surgeon's certificate or certificate to practice medicine and surgery, issued by the Medical
Board of California or the Osteopathic Medical Board of California, and includes an unlicensed
person lawfully practicing medicine pursuant to Section 2065, when acting within the scope of
that section.
4040. Prescription; Content Requirements
(a) “Prescription” means an oral, written, or electronic transmission order that is both of the
following:
(1) Given individually for the person or persons for whom ordered that includes all of the
following:
(A) The name or names and address of the patient or patients.
(B) The name and quantity of the drug or device prescribed and the directions for use.
(C) The date of issue.
(D) Either rubber stamped, typed, or printed by hand or typeset, the name, address, and telephone
number of the prescriber, his or her license classification, and his or her federal registry number,
if a controlled substance is prescribed.
(E) A legible, clear notice of the condition or purpose for which the drug is being prescribed, if
requested by the patient or patients.
(F) If in writing, signed by the prescriber issuing the order, or the certified nurse-midwife, nurse
practitioner, physician assistant, or naturopathic doctor who issues a drug order pursuant to
Section 2746.51, 2836.1, 3502.1, or 3640.5, respectively, or the pharmacist who issues a drug
order pursuant to Section 4052.1, 4052.2, or 4052.6.
(2) Issued by a physician, dentist, optometrist, podiatrist, veterinarian, or naturopathic doctor
pursuant to Section 3640.7 or, if a drug order is issued pursuant to Section 2746.51, 2836.1,
3502.1, or 3460.5, by a certified nurse-midwife, nurse practitioner, physician assistant, or
naturopathic doctor licensed in this state, or pursuant to Section 4052.1, 4052.2, or 4052.6 by a
pharmacist licensed in this state.
(b) Notwithstanding subdivision (a), a written order of the prescriber for a dangerous drug, except
for any Schedule II controlled substance, that contains at least the name and signature of the
prescriber, the name and address of the patient in a manner consistent with paragraph (2) of
subdivision (a) of Section 11164 of the Health and Safety Code, the name and quantity of the
drug prescribed, directions for use, and the date of issue may be treated as a prescription by the
dispensing pharmacist as long as any additional information required by subdivision (a) is readily
retrievable in the pharmacy. In the event of a conflict between this subdivision and Section 11164
of the Health and Safety Code, Section 11164 of the Health and Safety Code shall prevail.
(c) “Electronic transmission prescription” includes both image and data prescriptions. “Electronic
image transmission prescription” means any prescription order for which a facsimile of the order
is received by a pharmacy from a licensed prescriber. “Electronic data transmission prescription”
means any prescription order, other than an electronic image transmission prescription, that is
electronically transmitted from a licensed prescriber to a pharmacy.
(d) The use of commonly used abbreviations shall not invalidate an otherwise valid prescription.
(e) Nothing in the amendments made to this section (formerly Section 4036) at the 1969 Regular
Session of the Legislature shall be construed as expanding or limiting the right that a chiropractor,
while acting within the scope of his or her license, may have to prescribe a device.
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4040.5. Reverse Distributor
"Reverse distributor" means every person who acts as an agent for pharmacies, drug
wholesalers, manufacturers, and other entities by receiving, inventorying, and managing the
disposition of outdated or nonsalable dangerous drugs.
4041. Veterinary Food-Animal Drug Retailer
"Veterinary food-animal drug retailer" is an area, place, or premises, other than a pharmacy, that
holds a valid license from the Board of Pharmacy of the State of California as a wholesaler and,
in and from which veterinary drugs for food-producing animals are dispensed pursuant to a
prescription from a licensed veterinarian. "Veterinary food-animal retailer" includes, but is not
limited to, any area, place, or premises described in a permit issued by the board wherein
veterinary food-animal drugs, as defined in Section 4042, are stored, possessed, or repackaged,
and from which veterinary drugs are furnished, sold, or dispensed at retail pursuant to a
prescription from a licensed veterinarian.
4042. Veterinary Food-Animal Drugs
"Veterinary food-animal drugs" as used in this chapter shall include the following:
(a) Any drug to be used in food-producing animals bearing the legend, "Caution, federal law
restricts this drug to use by or on the order of a licensed veterinarian" or words of similar import.
(b) Any other drug as defined in Section 14206 of the Food and Agricultural Code that is used in
a manner that would require a veterinary prescription.
4043. Wholesaler
(a) "Wholesaler" means and includes a person who acts as a wholesale merchant, broker, jobber,
customs broker, reverse distributor, agent, or a nonresident wholesaler, who sells for resale, or
negotiates for distribution, or takes possession of, any drug or device included in Section 4022.
Unless otherwise authorized by law, a wholesaler may not store, warehouse, or authorize the
storage or warehousing of drugs with any person or at any location not licensed by the board.
(b) This section shall become operative January 1, 2006.
4044. Repackager
"Repackager" means a person or entity that is registered with the federal Food and Drug
Administration as a repackager and operates an establishment that packages finished drugs from
bulk or that repackages dangerous drugs into different containers, excluding shipping containers.
4045. Third-Party Logistics Provider or Reverse Third-Party Logistics Provider
"Third-party logistics provider" or "reverse third-party logistic provider" means an entity licensed
as a wholesaler that contracts with a dangerous drug manufacturer to provide or coordinate
warehousing, distribution, or other similar services on behalf of a manufacturer, but for which
there is no change of ownership in the dangerous drugs. For purposes of Sections 4034, 4163,
4163.1, 4163.2, 4163.3, 4163.4, and 4163.5, a third-party logistics provider shall not be
responsible for generating or updating pedigree documentation, but shall maintain copies of the
pedigree. To be exempt from documentation for pedigrees, a reverse third-party logistic provider
may only accept decommissioned drugs from pharmacies or wholesalers.
Article 3. Scope of Practice and Exemptions
4050. Legislative Declaration
(a) In recognition of and consistent with the decisions of the appellate courts of this state, the
Legislature hereby declares the practice of pharmacy to be a profession.
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(b) Pharmacy practice is a dynamic, patient-oriented health service that applies a scientific body
of knowledge to improve and promote patient health by means of appropriate drug use, drugrelated therapy, and communication for clinical and consultative purposes. Pharmacy practice is
continually evolving to include more sophisticated and comprehensive patient care activities.
(c) The Legislature further declares that pharmacists are health care providers who have the
authority to provide health care services.
4051. Conduct Limited to Pharmacist; Conduct Authorized by Pharmacist
(a) Except as otherwise provided in this chapter, it is unlawful for any person to manufacture,
compound, furnish, sell, or dispense a dangerous drug or dangerous device, or to dispense or
compound a prescription pursuant to Section 4040 of a prescriber unless he or she is a pharmacist
under this chapter.
(b) Notwithstanding any other law, a pharmacist may authorize the initiation of a prescription,
pursuant to Section 4052.1, 4052.2, 4052.3, or 4052.6, and otherwise provide clinical advice,
services, information, or patient consultation, as set forth in this chapter, if all of the following
conditions are met:
(1) The clinical advice, services, information, or patient consultation is provided to a health care
professional or to a patient.
(2) The pharmacist has access to prescription, patient profile, or other relevant medical
information for purposes of patient and clinical consultation and advice.
(3) Access to the information described in paragraph (2) is secure from unauthorized access and
use.
4052. Furnishing to Prescriber; Permitted Procedures by Pharmacist
(a) Notwithstanding any other law, a pharmacist may:
(1) Furnish a reasonable quantity of compounded drug product to a prescriber for office use by
the prescriber.
(2) Transmit a valid prescription to another pharmacist.
(3) Administer drugs and biological products that have been ordered by a prescriber.
(4) Perform procedures or functions in a licensed health care facility as authorized by Section
4052.1.
(5) Perform procedures or functions as part of the care provided by a health care facility, a
licensed home health agency, a licensed clinic in which there is a physician oversight, a provider
who contracts with a licensed health care service plan with regard to the care or services provided
to the enrollees of that health care service plan, or a physician, as authorized by Section 4052.2.
(6) Perform procedures or functions as authorized by Section 4052.6.
(7) Manufacture, measure, fit to the patient, or sell and repair dangerous devices, or furnish
instructions to the patient or the patient’s representative concerning the use of those devices.
(8) Provide consultation, training, and education to patients about drug therapy, disease
management, and disease prevention.
(9) Provide professional information, including clinical or pharmacological information, advice,
or consultation to other health care professionals, and participate in multidisciplinary review of
patient progress, including appropriate access to medical records.
(10) Furnish the medications described in subparagraph (A) in accordance with subparagraph
(B):
(A) (1) Emergency contraception drug therapy and self-administered hormonal contraceptives,
as authorized by Section 4052.3.
(2) Nicotine replacement products, as authorized by Section 4052.9.
(3) Prescription medications not requiring a diagnosis that are recommended by the federal
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for individuals traveling outside of the United States.
25
(B) The pharmacist shall notify the patient’s primary care provider of any drugs or devices
furnished to the patient, or enter the appropriate information in a patient record system shared
with the primary care provider, as permitted by that primary care provider. If the patient does not
have a primary care provider, the pharmacist shall provide the patient with a written record of the
drugs or devices furnished and advise the patient to consult a physician of the patient’s choice.
(11) Administer immunizations pursuant to a protocol with a prescriber.
(12) Order and interpret tests for the purpose of monitoring and managing the efficacy and
toxicity of drug therapies. A pharmacist who orders and interprets tests pursuant to this paragraph
shall ensure that the ordering of those tests is done in coordination with the patient’s primary care
provider or diagnosing prescriber, as appropriate, including promptly transmitting written
notification to the patient’s diagnosing prescriber or entering the appropriate information in a
patient record system shared with the prescriber, when available and as permitted by that
prescriber.
(b) A pharmacist who is authorized to issue an order to initiate or adjust a controlled substance
therapy pursuant to this section shall personally register with the federal Drug Enforcement
Administration.
(c) This section does not affect the applicable requirements of law relating to either of the
following:
(1) Maintaining the confidentiality of medical records.
(2) The licensing of a health care facility.
4052.1. Permitted Pharmacist Procedures in Licensed Health Care Facility
(a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a pharmacist may perform the following
procedures or functions in a licensed health care facility in accordance with policies, procedures,
or protocols developed by health professionals, including physicians, pharmacists, and registered
nurses, with the concurrence of the facility administrator:
(1) Ordering or performing routine drug therapy-related patient assessment procedures
including temperature, pulse, and respiration.
(2) Ordering drug therapy-related laboratory tests.
(3) Administering drugs and biologicals by injection pursuant to a prescriber's order.
(4) Initiating or adjusting the drug regimen of a patient pursuant to an order or authorization
made by the patient's prescriber and in accordance with the policies, procedures, or protocols of
the licensed health care facility.
(b) Prior to performing any procedure authorized by this section, a pharmacist shall have
received appropriate training as prescribed in the policies and procedures of the licensed health
care facility.
4052.2. Permitted Pharmacist Procedures in Health Care Facility; Home Health Agency
or Clinic with Physician Oversight
(a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a pharmacist may perform the following
procedures or functions as part of the care provided by a health care facility, a licensed home
health agency, a licensed clinic in which there is a physician oversight, a provider who contracts
with a licensed health care service plan with regard to the care or services provided to the
enrollees of that health care service plan, or a physician, in accordance with the policies,
procedures, or protocols of that facility, home health agency, licensed clinic, health care service
plan, or physician, and in accordance with subdivision (c):
(1) Ordering or performing routine drug therapy-related patient assessment procedures
including temperature, pulse, and respiration.
(2) Ordering drug therapy-related laboratory tests.
(3) Administering drugs and biologicals by injection pursuant to a prescriber's order.
26
(4) Initiating or adjusting the drug regimen of a patient pursuant to a specific written order or
authorization made by the individual patient's treating prescriber, and in accordance with the
policies, procedures, or protocols of the health care facility, home health agency, licensed clinic,
health care service plan, or physician. Adjusting the drug regimen does not include substituting or
selecting a different drug, except as authorized by the protocol. The pharmacist shall provide
written notification to the patient's treating prescriber, or enter the appropriate information in an
electronic patient record system shared by the prescriber, of any drug regimen initiated pursuant
to this paragraph within 24 hours.
(b) A patient's treating prescriber may prohibit, by written instruction, any adjustment or change
in the patient's drug regimen by the pharmacist.
(c) The policies, procedures, or protocols referred to in this subdivision shall be developed by
health care professionals, including physicians, pharmacists, and registered nurses, and shall, at a
minimum, do all of the following:
(1) Require that the pharmacist function as part of a multidisciplinary group that includes
physicians and direct care registered nurses. The multidisciplinary group shall determine the
appropriate participation of the pharmacist and the direct care registered nurse.
(2) Require that the medical records of the patient be available to both the patient's treating
prescriber and the pharmacist.
(3) Require that the procedures to be performed by the pharmacist relate to a condition for
which the patient has first been seen by a physician.
(4) Except for procedures or functions provided by a health care facility, a licensed clinic in
which there is physician oversight, or a provider who contracts with a licensed health care plan
with regard to the care or services provided to the enrollees of that health care service plan,
require the procedures to be performed in accordance with a written, patient-specific protocol
approved by the treating or supervising physician. Any change, adjustment, or modification of an
approved preexisting treatment or drug therapy shall be provided in writing to the treating or
supervising physician within 24 hours.
(d) Prior to performing any procedure authorized by this section, a pharmacist shall have done
either of the following:
(1) Successfully completed clinical residency training.
(2) Demonstrated clinical experience in direct patient care delivery.
4052.3. Emergency Contraception Drug Therapy; Requirements and Limitations
(a) (1) Notwithstanding any other law, a pharmacist may furnish self-administered hormonal
contraceptives in accordance with standardized procedures or protocols developed and approved
by both the board and the Medical Board of California in consultation with the American
Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, the California Pharmacists Association, and other
appropriate entities. The standardized procedure or protocol shall require that the patient use a
self-screening tool that will identify patient risk factors for use of self-administered hormonal
contraceptives, based on the current United States Medical Eligibility Criteria (USMEC) for
Contraceptive Use developed by the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and that
the pharmacist refer the patient to the patient’s primary care provider or, if the patient does not
have a primary care provider, to nearby clinics, upon furnishing a self-administered hormonal
contraceptive pursuant to this subdivision, or if it is determined that use of a self-administered
hormonal contraceptive is not recommended.
(2) The board and the Medical Board of California are both authorized to ensure compliance
with this subdivision, and each board is specifically charged with the enforcement of this
subdivision with respect to its respective licensees. This subdivision does not expand the
authority of a pharmacist to prescribe any prescription medication.
(b) (1) Notwithstanding any other law, a pharmacist may furnish emergency contraception drug
therapy in accordance with either of the following:
27
(A) Standardized procedures or protocols developed by the pharmacist and an authorized
prescriber who is acting within his or her scope of practice.
(B) Standardized procedures or protocols developed and approved by both the board and the
Medical Board of California in consultation with the American Congress of Obstetricians and
Gynecologists, the California Pharmacists Association, and other appropriate entities. The board
and the Medical Board of California are both authorized to ensure compliance with this clause,
and each board is specifically charged with the enforcement of this provision with respect to its
respective licensees. This subdivision does not expand the authority of a pharmacist to prescribe
any prescription medication.
(2) Prior to performing a procedure authorized under this subdivision, a pharmacist shall
complete a training program on emergency contraception that consists of at least one hour of
approved continuing education on emergency contraception drug therapy.
(3) A pharmacist, pharmacist’s employer, or pharmacist’s agent shall not directly charge a
patient a separate consultation fee for emergency contraception drug therapy services initiated
pursuant to this subdivision, but may charge an administrative fee not to exceed ten dollars ($10)
above the retail cost of the drug. Upon an oral, telephonic, electronic, or written request from a
patient or customer, a pharmacist or pharmacist’s employee shall disclose the total retail price
that a consumer would pay for emergency contraception drug therapy. As used in this paragraph,
total retail price includes providing the consumer with specific information regarding the price of
the emergency contraception drugs and the price of the administrative fee charged. This limitation
is not intended to interfere with other contractually agreed-upon terms between a pharmacist, a
pharmacist’s employer, or a pharmacist’s agent, and a health care service plan or insurer. Patients
who are insured or covered and receive a pharmacy benefit that covers the cost of emergency
contraception shall not be required to pay an administrative fee. These patients shall be required
to pay copayments pursuant to the terms and conditions of their coverage. This paragraph shall
become inoperative for dedicated emergency contraception drugs if these drugs are reclassified as
over-the-counter products by the federal Food and Drug Administration.
(4) A pharmacist shall not require a patient to provide individually identifiable medical
information that is not specified in Section 1707.1 of Title 16 of the California Code of
Regulations before initiating emergency contraception drug therapy pursuant to this subdivision.
(c) For each emergency contraception drug therapy or self-administered hormonal contraception
initiated pursuant to this section, the pharmacist shall provide the recipient of the drug with a
standardized factsheet that includes, but is not limited to, the indications and contraindications for
use of the drug, the appropriate method for using the drug, the need for medical followup, and
other appropriate information. The board shall develop this form in consultation with the State
Department of Public Health, the American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, the
California Pharmacists Association, and other health care organizations. This section does not
preclude the use of existing publications developed by nationally recognized medical
organizations.
4052.4. Skin Puncture by Pharmacist; Conditions Permitting
Notwithstanding Section 2038 or any other provision of law, a pharmacist may perform skin
puncture in the course of performing routine patient assessment procedures or in the course of
performing any procedure authorized under Section 1206.5 or 1206.6. For purposes of this
section, "routine patient assessment procedures" means: (a) procedures that a patient could, with
or without a prescription, perform for himself or herself, or (b) clinical laboratory tests that are
classified as waived pursuant to the federal Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments of
1988 (42 U.S.C. Sec. 263a) and the regulations adopted thereunder by the federal Health Care
Financing Administration, as authorized by paragraph (11) of subdivision (a) of Section 1206.5 or
Section 1206.6. A pharmacist performing these functions shall report the results obtained from a
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test to the patient and any physician designated by the patient. Any pharmacist who performs the
service authorized by this section shall not be in violation of Section 2052.
4052.5. Pharmacist May Select Different Form of Medication with Same Active Chemical
Ingredients
(a) In addition to the authority allowed under Section 4073, a pharmacist filling a prescription
order for a drug product may select a different form of medication with the same active chemical
ingredients of equivalent strength and duration of therapy as the prescribed drug product when the
change will improve the ability of the patient to comply with the prescribed drug therapy.
(b) In no case shall a selection be made pursuant to this section if the prescriber personally
indicates, either orally or in his or her own handwriting, "Do not substitute" or words of similar
meaning.
Nothing in this subdivision shall prohibit a prescriber from checking a box on a prescription
marked "Do not substitute" if the prescriber personally initials the box or checkmark.
(c) Selection pursuant to this section is within the discretion of the pharmacist, except as
provided in subdivision (b). The pharmacist who selects the drug product to be dispensed
pursuant to this section shall assume the same responsibility for selecting the dispensed drug
product as would be incurred in filling a prescription for a drug product using the prescribed form
of medication. There shall be no liability on the prescriber for an act or omission by a pharmacist
in selecting, preparing, or dispensing a drug product pursuant to this section.
(d) This section shall apply to all prescriptions, including those presented by or on behalf of
persons receiving assistance from the federal government or pursuant to the California Medical
Assistance Program set forth in Chapter 7 (commencing with Section 14000) of Part 3 of
Division 9 of the Welfare and Institutions Code.
(e) When a substitution is made pursuant to this section, the use of the different form of
medication shall be communicated to the patient, and the name of the dispensed drug product
shall be indicated on the prescription label, unless the prescriber orders otherwise.
(f) This section shall not permit substitution between long-acting and short-acting forms of a
medication with the same chemical ingredients or between one drug product and two or more
drug products with the same chemical ingredients.
4052.6. Advanced Practice Pharmacist; Permitted Procedures
(a) A pharmacist recognized by the board as an advanced practice pharmacist may do all of the
following:
(1) Perform patient assessments.
(2) Order and interpret drug therapy-related tests.
(3) Refer patients to other health care providers.
(4) Participate in the evaluation and management of diseases and health conditions in
collaboration with other health care providers.
(5) Initiate, adjust, or discontinue drug therapy in the manner specified in paragraph (4) of
subdivision (a) of Section 4052.2.
(b) A pharmacist who adjusts or discontinues drug therapy shall promptly transmit written
notification to the patient’s diagnosing prescriber or enter the appropriate information in a patient
record system shared with the prescriber, as permitted by that prescriber. A pharmacist who
initiates drug therapy shall promptly transmit written notification to, or enter the appropriate
information into, a patient record system shared with the patient’s primary care provider or
diagnosing provider, as permitted by that provider.
(c) This section shall not interfere with a physician’s order to dispense a prescription drug as
written, or other order of similar meaning.
(d) Prior to initiating or adjusting a controlled substance therapy pursuant to this section, a
pharmacist shall personally register with the federal Drug Enforcement Administration.
29
(e) A pharmacist who orders and interprets tests pursuant to paragraph (2) of subdivision (a)
shall ensure that the ordering of those tests is done in coordination with the patient’s primary care
provider or diagnosing prescriber, as appropriate, including promptly transmitting written
notification to the patient’s diagnosing prescriber or entering the appropriate information in a
patient record system shared with the prescriber, when available and as permitted by that
prescriber.
4052.7. Repackage Previously Dispensed Drug; Requirements
(a) A pharmacy may, at a patient's request, repackage a drug previously dispensed to the patient
or to the patient's agent pursuant to a prescription.
(b) Any pharmacy providing repackaging services shall have in place policies and procedures
for repackaging these drugs and shall label the repackaged prescription container with the
following:
(1) All the information required by Section 4076.
(2) The name and address of the pharmacy repackaging the drug and the name and address of
the pharmacy that initially dispensed the drug to the patient.
(c) The repackaging pharmacy and the pharmacy that initially dispensed the drug shall only be
liable for its own actions in providing the drug to the patient or the patient's agent.
4052.8. Initiation and Administration of Vaccines; Requirements
(a) In addition to the authority provided in paragraph (11) of subdivision (a) of Section 4052, a
pharmacist may independently initiate and administer vaccines listed on the routine immunization
schedules recommended by the federal Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP),
in compliance with individual ACIP vaccine recommendations, and published by the federal
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) for persons three years of age and older.
(b) In order to initiate and administer an immunization described in subdivision (a), a pharmacist
shall do all of the following:
(1) Complete an immunization training program endorsed by the CDC or the Accreditation
Council for Pharmacy Education that, at a minimum, includes hands-on injection technique,
clinical evaluation of indications and contraindications of vaccines, and the recognition and
treatment of emergency reactions to vaccines, and shall maintain that training.
(2) Be certified in basic life support.
(3) Comply with all state and federal recordkeeping and reporting requirements, including
providing documentation to the patient’s primary care provider and entering information in the
appropriate immunization registry designated by the immunization branch of the State
Department of Public Health.
(c) A pharmacist administering immunizations pursuant to this section, or paragraph (11) of
subdivision (a) of Section 4052, may also initiate and administer epinephrine or diphenhydramine
by injection for the treatment of a severe allergic reaction.
4052.9. Pharmacist Furnishing Nicotine Replacement Products; Requirements
(a) A pharmacist may furnish nicotine replacement products approved by the federal Food and
Drug Administration for use by prescription only in accordance with standardized procedures and
protocols developed and approved by both the board and the Medical Board of California in
consultation with other appropriate entities and provide smoking cessation services if all of the
following conditions are met:
(1) The pharmacist maintains records of all prescription drugs and devices furnished for a period
of at least three years for purposes of notifying other health care providers and monitoring the
patient.
(2) The pharmacist notifies the patient’s primary care provider of any drugs or devices furnished
to the patient, or enters the appropriate information in a patient record system shared with the
30
primary care provider, as permitted by that primary care provider. If the patient does not have a
primary care provider, the pharmacist provides the patient with a written record of the drugs or
devices furnished and advises the patient to consult a physician of the patient’s choice.
(3) The pharmacist is certified in smoking cessation therapy by an organization recognized by
the board.
(4) The pharmacist completes one hour of continuing education focused on smoking cessation
therapy biennially.
(b) The board and the Medical Board of California are both authorized to ensure compliance
with this section, and each board is specifically charged with the enforcement of this section with
respect to their respective licensees. Nothing in this section shall be construed to expand the
authority of a pharmacist to prescribe any other prescription medication.
4053. Designated Representative to Supervise Wholesaler or Veterinary Food-Animal Drug
Retailer
(a) Notwithstanding Section 4051, the board may issue a license as a designated representative
to provide sufficient and qualified supervision in a wholesaler or veterinary food-animal drug
retailer. The designated representative shall protect the public health and safety in the handling,
storage, and shipment of dangerous drugs and dangerous devices in the wholesaler or veterinary
food-animal drug retailer.
(b) An individual may apply for a designated representative license. In order to obtain and
maintain that license, the individual shall meet all of the following requirements:
(1) He or she shall be a high school graduate or possess a general education development
certificate equivalent.
(2) He or she shall have a minimum of one year of paid work experience in a licensed pharmacy,
or with a drug wholesaler, drug distributor, or drug manufacturer, in the past three years, related
to the distribution or dispensing of dangerous drugs or dangerous devices or meet all of the
prerequisites to take the examination required for licensure as a pharmacist by the board.
(3) He or she shall complete a training program approved by the board that, at a minimum,
addresses each of the following subjects:
(A) Knowledge and understanding of California law and federal law relating to the distribution
of dangerous drugs and dangerous devices.
(B) Knowledge and understanding of California law and federal law relating to the distribution
of controlled substances.
(C) Knowledge and understanding of quality control systems.
(D) Knowledge and understanding of the United States Pharmacopoeia standards relating to the
safe storage and handling of drugs.
(E) Knowledge and understanding of prescription terminology, abbreviations, dosages, and
format.
(4) The board may, by regulation, require training programs to include additional material.
(5) The board may not issue a license as a designated representative until the applicant provides
proof of completion of the required training to the board.
(c) The veterinary food-animal drug retailer or wholesaler shall not operate without a pharmacist
or a designated representative on its premises.
(d) Only a pharmacist or a designated representative shall prepare and affix the label to
veterinary food-animal drugs.
(e) Section 4051 shall not apply to any laboratory licensed under Section 351 of Title III of the
Public Health Service Act (Public Law 78-410).
(Amended by Stats. 2013, Ch. 473, Sec. 19. Effective January 1, 2014.)
31
4054. Supply by Manufacturer, etc. of Certain Dialysis Drugs and Devices
Section 4051 shall not apply to a manufacturer or wholesaler that provides dialysis drugs and
devices directly to patients.
4055. Sale of Devices to Licensed Clinics, etc.
Nothing in this chapter, nor any other law, shall prohibit the sale of devices to clinics that have
been issued a clinic license pursuant to Article 13 (commencing with Section 4180) of this
chapter, or to skilled nursing facilities or intermediate care facilities licensed pursuant to Chapter
2 (commencing with Section 1250) of, or to home health agencies licensed pursuant to Chapter 8
(commencing with Section 1725) of, or to hospices licensed pursuant to Chapter 8.5
(commencing with Section 1745) of, Division 2 of, the Health and Safety Code, as long as the
devices are furnished only upon the prescription or order of a physician, dentist, or podiatrist.
4056. Purchase of Drugs at Wholesale – Hospital Containing 100 Beds or Less
(a) Notwithstanding any provision of this chapter, a licensed hospital that contains 100 beds or
fewer, and that does not employ a full-time pharmacist, may purchase drugs at wholesale for
administration, under the direction of a physician, or for dispensation by a physician, to persons
registered as inpatients of the hospital, to emergency cases under treatment in the hospital, or,
under the conditions described in subdivision (f), to persons registered as outpatients in a rural
hospital as defined in Section 124840 of the Health and Safety Code. The hospital shall keep
records of the kind and amounts of drugs so purchased and administered or dispensed, and the
records shall be available for inspection by all properly authorized personnel of the board.
(b) No hospital shall be entitled to the benefits of subdivision (a) until it has obtained a license
from the board. Each license shall be issued to a specific hospital and for a specific location.
(c) Each application for a license under this section shall be made on a form furnished by the
board. Upon the filing of the application and payment of the fee prescribed in subdivision (a) of
Section 4400, the executive officer of the board shall issue a license authorizing the hospital to
which it is issued to purchase drugs at wholesale pursuant to subdivision (a). The license shall be
renewed annually on or before November 1 of each year upon payment of the renewal fee
prescribed in subdivision (b) of Section 4400 and shall not be transferable.
(d) The form of application for a license under this section shall contain the name and address of
the applicant, the number of beds, whether the applicant is a licensed hospital, whether it does or
does not employ a full-time pharmacist, the name of its chief medical officer, and the name of its
administrator.
(e) The board may deny, revoke, or suspend a license issued under this section in the manner
and for the grounds specified in Article 19 (commencing with Section 4300).
(f) A physician himself or herself may dispense drugs to outpatients directly pursuant to
subdivision (a) only if the physician determines that it is in the best interest of the patient that a
particular drug regimen be immediately commenced or continued, and the physician reasonably
believes that a pharmacy located outside the hospital is not available and accessible at the time of
dispensation to the patient within 30 minutes of the hospital pharmaceutical services or within a
30-mile radius from the hospital pharmaceutical services by means of the method of
transportation the patient states that he or she intends to use. The quantity of drugs dispensed to
any outpatient pursuant to this subdivision shall be limited to that amount necessary to maintain
uninterrupted therapy during the period when pharmaceutical services outside the hospital are not
readily available or accessible, but shall not exceed a 72-hour supply. The physician shall ensure
that the label on the drug contains all the information required by Section 4076.
(g) A rural hospital, as defined in Section 124840 of the Health and Safety Code, shall obtain
information regarding the hours of operation of each pharmacy located within the 30 minute or
30-mile radius of the hospital. The hospital shall update this information annually, and shall
make this information available to its medical staff.
32
(h) A licensed hospital that contains 100 beds or fewer, does not employ a full-time pharmacist,
and purchases drugs at wholesale for administration or dispensation pursuant to subdivision (a),
shall retain the services of a pharmacist consultant to monitor and review the pharmaceutical
services provided by the hospital to inpatients of the hospital, and the dispensing of drugs by
physicians to outpatients pursuant to subdivision (f).
(i) This section shall not be construed to eliminate the requirements of Section 11164 or 11167
of the Health and Safety Code.
4057. Exceptions to Application of this Chapter
(a) Except as provided in Sections 4006, 4240, and 4342, this chapter does not apply to the retail
sale of nonprescription drugs that are not subject to Section 4022 and that are packaged or bottled
in the manufacturer's or distributor's container and labeled in accordance with applicable federal
and state drug labeling requirements.
(b) This chapter does not apply to specific dangerous drugs and dangerous devices listed in
board regulations, where the sale or furnishing is made to any of the following:
(1) A physician, dentist, podiatrist, pharmacist, medical technician, medical technologist,
optometrist, or chiropractor holding a currently valid and unrevoked license and acting within the
scope of his or her profession.
(2) A clinic, hospital, institution, or establishment holding a currently valid and unrevoked
license or permit under Division 2 (commencing with Section 1200) of the Health and Safety
Code, or Chapter 2 (commencing with Section 3300) of Division 3 of, or Part 2 (commencing
with Section 6250) of Division 6 of, the Welfare and Institutions Code.
(c) This chapter shall not apply to a home health agency licensed under Chapter 8 (commencing
with Section 1725) of, or a hospice licensed under Chapter 8.5 (commencing with Section 1745)
of, Division 2 of, the Health and Safety Code, when it purchases, stores, furnishes, or transports
specific dangerous drugs and dangerous devices listed in board regulations in compliance with
applicable law and regulations including:
(1) Dangerous devices described in subdivision (b) of Section 4022, as long as these dangerous
devices are furnished only upon the prescription or order of a physician, dentist, or podiatrist.
(2) Hypodermic needles and syringes.
(3) Irrigation solutions of 50 cubic centimeters or greater.
(d) This chapter does not apply to the storage of devices in secure central or ward supply areas
of a clinic, hospital, institution, or establishment holding a currently valid and unrevoked license
or permit pursuant to Division 2 (commencing with Section 1200) of the Health and Safety Code,
or pursuant to Chapter 2 (commencing with Section 3300) of Division 3 of, or Part 2
(commencing with Section 6250) of Division 6 of, the Welfare and Institutions Code.
(e) This chapter does not apply to the retail sale of vitamins, mineral products, or combinations
thereof or to foods, supplements, or nutrients used to fortify the diet of humans or other animals
or poultry and labeled as such that are not subject to Section 4022 and that are packaged or
bottled in the manufacturer's or distributor's container and labeled in accordance with applicable
federal and state labeling requirements.
(f) This chapter does not apply to the furnishing of dangerous drugs and dangerous devices to
recognized schools of nursing. These dangerous drugs and dangerous devices shall not include
controlled substances. The dangerous drugs and dangerous devices shall be used for training
purposes only, and not for the cure, mitigation, or treatment of disease in humans. Recognized
schools of nursing for purposes of this subdivision are those schools recognized as training
facilities by the California Board of Registered Nursing.
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4058. Display of Original License
Every person holding a license issued under this chapter to operate a premises shall display the
original license and current renewal license upon the licensed premises in a place where it may be
clearly read by the public.
4059. Furnishing Dangerous Drugs or Devices Prohibited Without Prescription:
Exceptions
(a) A person may not furnish any dangerous drug, except upon the prescription of a physician,
dentist, podiatrist, optometrist, veterinarian, or naturopathic doctor pursuant to Section 3640.7. A
person may not furnish any dangerous device, except upon the prescription of a physician,
dentist, podiatrist, optometrist, veterinarian, or naturopathic doctor pursuant to Section 3640.7.
(b) This section does not apply to the furnishing of any dangerous drug or dangerous device by a
manufacturer, wholesaler, or pharmacy to each other or to a physician, dentist, podiatrist,
optometrist, veterinarian, or naturopathic doctor pursuant to Section 3640.7, or to a laboratory
under sales and purchase records that correctly give the date, the names and addresses of the
supplier and the buyer, the drug or device, and its quantity. This section does not apply to the
furnishing of any dangerous device by a manufacturer, wholesaler, or pharmacy to a physical
therapist acting within the scope of his or her license under sales and purchase records that
correctly provide the date the device is provided, the names and addresses of the supplier and the
buyer, a description of the device, and the quantity supplied.
(c) A pharmacist, or a person exempted pursuant to Section 4054, may distribute dangerous
drugs and dangerous devices directly to dialysis patients pursuant to regulations adopted by the
board. The board shall adopt any regulations as are necessary to ensure the safe distribution of
these drugs and devices to dialysis patients without interruption thereof. A person who violates a
regulation adopted pursuant to this subdivision shall be liable upon order of the board to
surrender his or her personal license. These penalties shall be in addition to penalties that may be
imposed pursuant to Section 4301. If the board finds any dialysis drugs or devices distributed
pursuant to this subdivision to be ineffective or unsafe for the intended use, the board may
institute immediate recall of any or all of the drugs or devices distributed to individual patients.
(d) Home dialysis patients who receive any drugs or devices pursuant to subdivision (c) shall
have completed a full course of home training given by a dialysis center licensed by the State
Department of Public Health. The physician prescribing the dialysis products shall submit proof
satisfactory to the manufacturer or wholesaler that the patient has completed the program.
(e) A pharmacist may furnish a dangerous drug authorized for use pursuant to Section 2620.3 to
a physical therapist. A record containing the date, name and address of the buyer, and name and
quantity of the drug shall be maintained. This subdivision shall not be construed to authorize the
furnishing of a controlled substance.
(f) A pharmacist may furnish electroneuromyographic needle electrodes or hypodermic needles
used for the purpose of placing wire electrodes for kinesiological electromyographic testing to
physical therapists who are certified by the Physical Therapy Board of California to perform
tissue penetration in accordance with Section 2620.5.
(g) Nothing in this section shall be construed as permitting a licensed physical therapist to
dispense or furnish a dangerous device without a prescription of a physician, dentist, podiatrist,
optometrist, or veterinarian.
(h) A veterinary food-animal drug retailer shall dispense, furnish, transfer, or sell veterinary
food-animal drugs only to another veterinary food-animal drug retailer, a pharmacy, a
veterinarian, or to a veterinarian's client pursuant to a prescription from the veterinarian for foodproducing animals.
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4059.5. Who May Order Dangerous Drugs or Devices: Exceptions; Compliance With Laws
of All Involved Jurisdictions
(a) Except as otherwise provided in this chapter, dangerous drugs or dangerous devices may
only be ordered by an entity licensed by the board and shall be delivered to the licensed premises
and signed for and received by a pharmacist. Where a licensee is permitted to operate through a
designated representative, the designated representative shall sign for and receive the delivery.
(b) A dangerous drug or dangerous device transferred, sold, or delivered to a person within this
state shall be transferred, sold, or delivered only to an entity licensed by the board, to a
manufacturer, or to an ultimate user or the ultimate user's agent.
(c) Notwithstanding subdivisions (a) and (b), deliveries to a hospital pharmacy may be made to a
central receiving location within the hospital. However, the dangerous drugs or dangerous devices
shall be delivered to the licensed pharmacy premises within one working day following receipt by
the hospital, and the pharmacist on duty at that time shall immediately inventory the dangerous
drugs or dangerous devices.
(d) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a dangerous drug or dangerous device may be
ordered by and provided to a manufacturer, physician, dentist, podiatrist, optometrist,
veterinarian, naturopathic doctor pursuant to Section 3640.7, or laboratory, or a physical therapist
acting within the scope of his or her license. A person or entity receiving delivery of a dangerous
drug or dangerous device, or a duly authorized representative of the person or entity, shall sign
for the receipt of the dangerous drug or dangerous device.
(e) A dangerous drug or dangerous device shall not be transferred, sold, or delivered to a person
outside this state, whether foreign or domestic, unless the transferor, seller, or deliverer does so in
compliance with the laws of this state and of the United States and of the state or country to
which the dangerous drugs or dangerous devices are to be transferred, sold, or delivered.
Compliance with the laws of this state and the United States and of the state or country to which
the dangerous drugs or dangerous devices are to be delivered shall include, but not be limited to,
determining that the recipient of the dangerous drugs or dangerous devices is authorized by law to
receive the dangerous drugs or dangerous devices.
(f) Notwithstanding subdivision (a), a pharmacy may take delivery of dangerous drugs and
dangerous devices when the pharmacy is closed and no pharmacist is on duty if all of the
following requirements are met:
(1) The drugs are placed in a secure storage facility in the same building as the pharmacy.
(2) Only the pharmacist-in-charge or a pharmacist designated by the pharmacist-in-charge has
access to the secure storage facility after dangerous drugs or dangerous devices have been
delivered.
(3) The secure storage facility has a means of indicating whether it has been entered after
dangerous drugs or dangerous devices have been delivered.
(4) The pharmacy maintains written policies and procedures for the delivery of dangerous
drugs and dangerous devices to a secure storage facility.
(5) The agent delivering dangerous drugs and dangerous devices pursuant to this subdivision
leaves documents indicating the name and amount of each dangerous drug or dangerous device
delivered in the secure storage facility.
The pharmacy shall be responsible for the dangerous drugs and dangerous devices delivered to
the secure storage facility. The pharmacy shall also be responsible for obtaining and maintaining
records relating to the delivery of dangerous drugs and dangerous devices to a secure storage
facility.
4060. Controlled Substance – Prescription Required; Exceptions
A person shall not possess any controlled substance, except that furnished to a person upon the
prescription of a physician, dentist, podiatrist, optometrist, veterinarian, or naturopathic doctor
pursuant to Section 3640.7, or furnished pursuant to a drug order issued by a certified nurse­
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midwife pursuant to Section 2746.51, a nurse practitioner pursuant to Section 2836.1, a physician
assistant pursuant to Section 3502.1, a naturopathic doctor pursuant to Section 3640.5, or a
pharmacist pursuant to Section 4052.1, 4052.2, or 4052.6. This section does not apply to the
possession of any controlled substance by a manufacturer, wholesaler, pharmacy, pharmacist,
physician, podiatrist, dentist, optometrist, veterinarian, naturopathic doctor, certified nursemidwife, nurse practitioner, or physician assistant, if in stock in containers correctly labeled with
the name and address of the supplier or producer.
This section does not authorize a certified nurse-midwife, a nurse practitioner, a physician
assistant, or a naturopathic doctor, to order his or her own stock of dangerous drugs and devices.
4061. Distribution of a Drug as Sample; Written Request Required
(a) No manufacturer's sales representative shall distribute any dangerous drug or dangerous
device as a complimentary sample without the written request of a physician, dentist, podiatrist,
optometrist, veterinarian, or naturopathic doctor pursuant to Section 3640.7. However, a certified
nurse-midwife who functions pursuant to a standardized procedure or protocol described in
Section 2746.51, a nurse practitioner who functions pursuant to a standardized procedure
described in Section 2836.1, or protocol, a physician assistant who functions pursuant to a
protocol described in Section 3502.1, or a naturopathic doctor who functions pursuant to a
standardized procedure or protocol described in Section 3640.5, may sign for the request and
receipt of complimentary samples of a dangerous drug or dangerous device that has been
identified in the standardized procedure, protocol, or practice agreement. Standardized
procedures, protocols, and practice agreements shall include specific approval by a physician. A
review process, consistent with the requirements of Section 2725, 3502.1, or 3640.5, of the
complimentary samples requested and received by a nurse practitioner, certified nurse-midwife,
physician assistant, or naturopathic doctor, shall be defined within the standardized procedure,
protocol, or practice agreement.
(b) Each written request shall contain the names and addresses of the supplier and the requester,
the name and quantity of the specific dangerous drug desired, the name of the certified nursemidwife, nurse practitioner, physician assistant, or naturopathic doctor, if applicable, receiving
the samples pursuant to this section, the date of receipt, and the name and quantity of the
dangerous drugs or dangerous devices provided. These records shall be preserved by the supplier
with the records required by Section 4059.
(c) Nothing in this section is intended to expand the scope of practice of a certified nursemidwife, nurse practitioner, physician assistant, or naturopathic doctor.
4062. Furnishing Dangerous Drugs during Emergency; Mobile Pharmacy
(a) Notwithstanding Section 4059 or any other provision of law, a pharmacist may, in good
faith, furnish a dangerous drug or dangerous device in reasonable quantities without a
prescription during a federal, state, or local emergency, to further the health and safety of the
public. A record containing the date, name, and address of the person to whom the drug or device
is furnished, and the name, strength, and quantity of the drug or device furnished shall be
maintained. The pharmacist shall communicate this information to the patient's attending
physician as soon as possible. Notwithstanding Section 4060 or any other provision of law, a
person may possess a dangerous drug or dangerous device furnished without prescription
pursuant to this section.
(b) During a declared federal, state, or local emergency, the board may waive application of any
provisions of this chapter or the regulations adopted pursuant to it if, in the board's opinion, the
waiver will aid in the protection of public health or the provision of patient care.
(c) During a declared federal, state, or local emergency, the board shall allow for the
employment of a mobile pharmacy in impacted areas in order to ensure the continuity of patient
care, if all of the following conditions are met:
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(1) The mobile pharmacy shares common ownership with at least one currently licensed
pharmacy in good standing.
(2) The mobile pharmacy retains records of dispensing, as required by subdivision (a).
(3) A licensed pharmacist is on the premises and the mobile pharmacy is under the control
and management of a pharmacist while the drugs are being dispensed.
(4) Reasonable security measures are taken to safeguard the drug supply maintained in the
mobile pharmacy.
(5) The mobile pharmacy is located within the declared emergency area or affected areas.
(6) The mobile pharmacy ceases the provision of services within 48 hours following the
termination of the declared emergency.
4063. Refill of Prescription for Dangerous Drug or Device Requires Prescriber
Authorization
No prescription for any dangerous drug or dangerous device may be refilled except upon
authorization of the prescriber. The authorization may be given orally or at the time of giving the
original prescription. No prescription for any dangerous drug that is a controlled substance may
be designated refillable as needed.
4064. Emergency Refill of Prescription without Prescriber Authorization
(a) A prescription for a dangerous drug or dangerous device may be refilled without the
prescriber's authorization if the prescriber is unavailable to authorize the refill and if, in the
pharmacist's professional judgment, failure to refill the prescription might interrupt the patient's
ongoing care and have a significant adverse effect on the patient's well-being.
(b) The pharmacist shall inform the patient that the prescription was refilled pursuant to this
section.
(c) The pharmacist shall inform the prescriber within a reasonable period of time of any refills
dispensed pursuant to this section.
(d) Prior to refilling a prescription pursuant to this section, the pharmacist shall make every
reasonable effort to contact the prescriber. The pharmacist shall make an appropriate record,
including the basis for proceeding under this section.
(e) The prescriber shall not incur any liability as the result of a refilling of a prescription
pursuant to this section.
(f) Notwithstanding Section 4060 or any other law, a person may possess a dangerous drug or
dangerous device furnished without prescription pursuant to this section.
4064.5. Dispensing a 90-Day Supply of a Dangerous Drug or Device; Requirements and
Exceptions
(a) A pharmacist may dispense not more than a 90-day supply of a dangerous drug other than a
controlled substance pursuant to a valid prescription that specifies an initial quantity of less than a
90-day supply followed by periodic refills of that amount if all of the following requirements are
satisfied:
(1) The patient has completed an initial 30-day supply of the dangerous drug.
(2) The total quantity of dosage units dispensed does not exceed the total quantity of dosage
units authorized by the prescriber on the prescription, including refills.
(3) The prescriber has not specified on the prescription that dispensing the prescription in an
initial amount followed by periodic refills is medically necessary.
(4) The pharmacist is exercising his or her professional judgment.
(b) For purposes of this section, if the prescription continues the same medication as previously
dispensed in a 90-day supply, the initial 30-day supply under paragraph (1) of subdivision (a) is
not required.
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(c) A pharmacist dispensing an increased supply of a dangerous drug pursuant to this section
shall notify the prescriber of the increase in the quantity of dosage units dispensed.
(d) In no case shall a pharmacist dispense a greater supply of a dangerous drug pursuant to this
section if the prescriber personally indicates, either orally or in his or her own handwriting, "No
change to quantity," or words of similar meaning. Nothing in this subdivision shall prohibit a
prescriber from checking a box on a prescription marked "No change to quantity," provided that
the prescriber personally initials the box or checkmark. To indicate that an increased supply shall
not be dispensed pursuant to this section for an electronic data transmission prescription as
defined in subdivision (c) of Section 4040, a prescriber may indicate "No change to quantity," or
words of similar meaning, in the prescription as transmitted by electronic data, or may check a
box marked on the prescription "No change to quantity." In either instance, it shall not be
required that the prohibition on an increased supply be manually initialed by the prescriber.
(e) This section shall not apply to psychotropic medication or psychotropic drugs as described
in subdivision (d) of Section 369.5 of the Welfare and Institutions Code.
(f) Nothing in this section shall be construed to require a health care service plan, health insurer,
workers' compensation insurance plan, pharmacy benefits manager, or any other person or entity,
including, but not limited to, a state program or state employer, to provide coverage for a
dangerous drug in a manner inconsistent with a beneficiary's plan benefit.
4065. Injection Card System; Requirements for Administration
(a) "Injection card system," as used in this section, means a system that enables a facility to
authorize an outpatient to receive injections of controlled substances at the facility pursuant to a
prior written order by a physician, through the use of a card that is maintained at the location in
the facility where the injections are administered.
(1) The injection card shall include, at a minimum, the following information: the date of
authorization, the number and frequency of injections authorized, the name of the drug including
the strength and amount authorized, the names of the prescribing physician and the patient, the
date and time of each injection, and the signature of the person administering the injection.
(2) In addition, the patient's medical record maintained by the facility shall contain all of the
information required under Sections 4040 and 4070 and Chapter 1 (commencing with Section
70001) of Division 5 of Title 22 of the California Code of Regulations.
(b) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a licensed health care facility may provide for
the administration of controlled substances through the use of an injection card system for
controlled substances.
(c) A facility that employs an injection card system shall have a written protocol for the use of
this system. The protocol shall be developed by a team of health care professionals, including at
least one physician, one registered nurse, and one pharmacist. The protocol shall provide for, but
not be limited to, the following:
(1) Identification of drugs to be included in the injection card system.
(2) Distinction among classes of drugs.
(3) Periodic review of the efficacy of the injection card system, including, but not limited to, its
effectiveness and safety for different classes of drugs.
(4) Determination as to whether each drug included in the injection card system requires the
presence of a physician or only the ready availability of a physician.
(5) Implementation of recordkeeping systems that, at a minimum, record each injection and
each visit, provide for the immediate entry of the injection in the patient's medical record, provide
a system for discontinuance of the order by the prescribing physician, and allow for ready
identification of patterns of possible or actual patient abuse of controlled substances and other
potential adverse drug interactions.
(6) Retention of the injection card by the facility at all times when a controlled substance is
being administered.
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(7) Adequate initial evaluation of patients, including, but not limited to, a determination as to
whether each patient is a proper subject for the injection card system.
(8) Ongoing medical evaluation of the patient's response to the injection card system.
(9) That all injection cards shall become a permanent part of the patient's medical record within
15 days from the date the last authorized dose is administered.
(d) Nothing in this section shall be construed to prohibit the use, or impose new requirements on
the use, of an injection card system for noncontrolled substances.
4066. Furnishing Dangerous Drugs to Master or First Officer of Vessel
(a) Notwithstanding Section 4059, a wholesaler or pharmacy may furnish dangerous drugs to the
master or first officer of an ocean vessel, pursuant to a written prescription. The requisition shall
be on the vessel's official stationery, signed by the vessel's first officer. The drugs shall be
maintained on board the vessel and dispensed from medicine chests, first aid packets, or
dispensaries, pursuant to standardized procedures established by a registered medical officer.
(b) Dangerous drugs shall be furnished in a sealed container to the vessel's first officer, on
proper identification, or delivered aboard the vessel.
(c) Wholesalers or pharmacies engaging in the activities authorized by this section shall give
notice to the board within 30 days of undertaking the activity.
(d) Distribution of controlled substances shall be in accordance with federal requirements
contained in Section 1301.28 of Title 21 of the Code of Federal Regulations.
4067. Internet; Dispensing Dangerous Drugs or Devices without Prescription
(a) No person or entity shall dispense or furnish, or cause to be dispensed or furnished,
dangerous drugs or dangerous devices, as defined in Section 4022, on the Internet for delivery to
any person in this state without a prescription issued pursuant to a good faith prior examination of
a human or animal for whom the prescription is meant if the person or entity either knew or
reasonably should have known that the prescription was not issued pursuant to a good faith prior
examination of a human or animal, or if the person or entity did not act in accordance with
Section 1761 of Title 16 of the California Code of Regulations.
(b) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a violation of this section may subject the
person or entity that has committed the violation to either a fine of up to twenty-five thousand
dollars ($25,000) per occurrence pursuant to a citation issued by the board or a civil penalty of
twenty-five thousand dollars ($25,000) per occurrence.
(c) The Attorney General may bring an action to enforce this section and to collect the fines or
civil penalties authorized by subdivision (b).
(d) For notifications made on and after January 1, 2002, the Franchise Tax Board, upon
notification by the Attorney General or the board of a final judgment in an action brought under
this section, shall subtract the amount of the fine or awarded civil penalties from any tax refunds
or lottery winnings due to the person who is a defendant in the action using the offset authority
under Section 12419.5 of the Government Code, as delegated by the Controller, and the processes
as established by the Franchise Tax Board for this purpose. That amount shall be forwarded to
the board for deposit in the Pharmacy Board Contingent Fund.
(e) Nothing in this section shall be construed to permit the unlicensed practice of pharmacy, or
to limit the authority of the board to enforce any other provision of this chapter.
(f) For the purposes of this section, "good faith prior examination" includes the requirements for
a physician and surgeon in Section 2242 and the requirements for a veterinarian in Section 2032.1
of Title 16 of the California Code of Regulations.
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4068. Dispense Dangerous Drug or Controlled Substance to Emergency Room Patient;
Requirements
(a) Notwithstanding any provision of this chapter, a prescriber may dispense a dangerous drug,
including a controlled substance, to an emergency room patient if all of the following apply:
(1) The hospital pharmacy is closed and there is no pharmacist available in the hospital.
(2) The dangerous drug is acquired by the hospital pharmacy.
(3) The dispensing information is recorded and provided to the pharmacy when the pharmacy
reopens.
(4) The hospital pharmacy retains the dispensing information and, if the drug is a schedule II,
schedule III, or schedule IV controlled substance, reports the dispensing information to the
Department of Justice pursuant to Section 11165 of the Health and Safety Code.
(5) The prescriber determines that it is in the best interest of the patient that a particular drug
regimen be immediately commenced or continued, and the prescriber reasonably believes that a
pharmacy located outside the hospital is not available and accessible at the time of dispensing to
the patient.
(6) The quantity of drugs dispensed to any patient pursuant to this section are limited to that
amount necessary to maintain uninterrupted therapy during the period when pharmacy services
outside the hospital are not readily available or accessible, but shall not exceed a 72-hour supply.
(7) The prescriber shall ensure that the label on the drug contains all the information required
by Section 4076.
(b) The prescriber shall be responsible for any error or omission related to the drugs dispensed.
Article 4. Requirements for Prescriptions
4070. Reduction of Oral or Electronic Prescription to Writing
(a) Except as provided in Section 4019 and subdivision (b), an oral or an electronic data
transmission prescription as defined in subdivision (c) of Section 4040 shall as soon as
practicable be reduced to writing by the pharmacist and shall be filled by, or under the direction
of, the pharmacist. The pharmacist need not reduce to writing the address, telephone number,
license classification, federal registry number of the prescriber or the address of the patient or
patients if the information is readily retrievable in the pharmacy.
(b) A pharmacy receiving an electronic transmission prescription shall not be required to reduce
that prescription to writing or to hard copy form if, for three years from the last date of furnishing
pursuant to that prescription or order, the pharmacy is able, upon request by the board, to
immediately produce a hard copy report that includes for each date of dispensing of a dangerous
drug or dangerous device pursuant to that prescription or order: (1) all of the information
described in subparagraphs (A) to (E), inclusive, of paragraph (1) of subdivision (a) of Section
4040, and (2) the name or identifier of the pharmacist who dispensed the dangerous drug or
dangerous device. This subdivision shall not apply to prescriptions for controlled substances
classified in Schedule II, III, IV, or V, except as permitted pursuant to Section 11164.5 of the
Health and Safety Code.
(c) If only recorded and stored electronically, on magnetic media, or in any other computerized
form, the pharmacy's computer system shall not permit the received information or the dangerous
drug or dangerous device dispensing information required by this section to be changed,
obliterated, destroyed, or disposed of, for the record maintenance period required by law once the
information has been received by the pharmacy and once the dangerous drug or dangerous device
has been dispensed. Once a dangerous drug or dangerous device has been dispensed, if the
previously created record is determined to be incorrect, a correcting addition may be made only
by or with the approval of a pharmacist. After a pharmacist enters the change or enters his or her
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approval of the change into the computer, the resulting record shall include the correcting
addition and the date it was made to the record, the identity of the person or pharmacist making
the correction, and the identity of the pharmacist approving the correction.
(d) Nothing in this section shall impair the requirement to have an electronically transmitted
prescription transmitted only to the pharmacy of the patient's choice or to have a written
prescription. This requirement shall not apply to orders for medications to be administered in an
acute care hospital.
4071. Prescriber May Authorize Agent to Transmit Prescription; Schedule II Excluded
Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a prescriber may authorize his or her agent on his
or her behalf to orally or electronically transmit a prescription to the furnisher. The furnisher
shall make a reasonable effort to determine that the person who transmits the prescription is
authorized to do so and shall record the name of the authorized agent of the prescriber who
transmits the order. This section shall not apply to orders for Schedule II controlled substances.
4071.1. Electronic Prescription Entry into Pharmacy or Hospital Computer
(a) A prescriber, a prescriber's authorized agent, or a pharmacist may electronically enter a
prescription or an order, as defined in Section 4019, into a pharmacy's or hospital's computer
from any location outside of the pharmacy or hospital with the permission of the pharmacy or
hospital. For purposes of this section, a "prescriber's authorized agent" is a person licensed or
registered under Division 2 (commencing with Section 500). This subdivision shall not apply to
prescriptions for controlled substances classified in Schedule II, III, IV, or V, except as permitted
pursuant to Section 11164.5 of the Health and Safety Code.
(b) Nothing in this section shall reduce the existing authority of other hospital personnel to enter
medication orders or prescription orders into a hospital's computer.
(c) No dangerous drug or dangerous device shall be dispensed pursuant to a prescription that has
been electronically entered into a pharmacy's computer without the prior approval of a
pharmacist.
4072. Oral or Electronic Transmission of Prescription ―Health Care Facility
(a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a pharmacist, registered nurse, licensed
vocational nurse, licensed psychiatric technician, or other healing arts licentiate, if so authorized
by administrative regulation, who is employed by or serves as a consultant for a licensed skilled
nursing, intermediate care, or other health care facility, may orally or electronically transmit to
the furnisher a prescription lawfully ordered by a person authorized to prescribe drugs or devices
pursuant to Sections 4040 and 4070. The furnisher shall take appropriate steps to determine that
the person who transmits the prescription is authorized to do so and shall record the name of the
person who transmits the order. This section shall not apply to orders for Schedule II controlled
substances.
(b) In enacting this section, the Legislature recognizes and affirms the role of the Department of
Public Health in regulating drug order processing requirements for licensed health care facilities
as set forth in Title 22 of the California Code of Regulations as they may be amended from time
to time.
4073. Substitution of Generic Drug ―Requirements and Exceptions
(a) A pharmacist filling a prescription order for a drug product prescribed by its trade or brand
name may select another drug product with the same active chemical ingredients of the same
strength, quantity, and dosage form, and of the same generic drug name as determined by the
United States Adopted Names (USAN) and accepted by the federal Food and Drug
Administration (FDA), of those drug products having the same active chemical ingredients.
41
(b) In no case shall a selection be made pursuant to this section if the prescriber personally
indicates, either orally or in his or her own handwriting, "Do not substitute," or words of similar
meaning. Nothing in this subdivision shall prohibit a prescriber from checking a box on a
prescription marked "Do not substitute"; provided that the prescriber personally initials the box or
checkmark. To indicate that a selection shall not be made pursuant to this section for an electronic
data transmission prescription as defined in subdivision (c) of Section 4040, a prescriber may
indicate "Do not substitute," or words of similar meaning, in the prescription as transmitted by
electronic data, or may check a box marked on the prescription "Do not substitute." In either
instance, it shall not be required that the prohibition on substitution be manually initialed by the
prescriber.
(c) Selection pursuant to this section is within the discretion of the pharmacist, except as
provided in subdivision (b). The person who selects the drug product to be dispensed pursuant to
this section shall assume the same responsibility for selecting the dispensed drug product as
would be incurred in filling a prescription for a drug product prescribed by generic name. There
shall be no liability on the prescriber for an act or omission by a pharmacist in selecting,
preparing, or dispensing a drug product pursuant to this section. In no case shall the pharmacist
select a drug product pursuant to this section unless the drug product selected costs the patient
less than the prescribed drug product. Cost, as used in this subdivision, is defined to include any
professional fee that may be charged by the pharmacist.
(d) This section shall apply to all prescriptions, including those presented by or on behalf of
persons receiving assistance from the federal government or pursuant to the California Medical
Assistance Program set forth in Chapter 7 (commencing with Section 14000) of Part 3 of
Division 9 of the Welfare and Institutions Code.
(e) When a substitution is made pursuant to this section, the use of the cost-saving drug product
dispensed shall be communicated to the patient and the name of the dispensed drug product shall
be indicated on the prescription label, except where the prescriber orders otherwise.
4074. Drug Risk: Informing Patient; Providing Consultation for Discharge Medications
(a) A pharmacist shall inform a patient orally or in writing of the harmful effects of a drug
dispensed by prescription if both of the following apply:
(1) The drug poses substantial risk to the person consuming the drug when taken in combination
with alcohol or the drug may impair a person’s ability to drive a motor vehicle, whichever is
applicable.
(2) The drug is determined by the board pursuant to subdivision (c) to be a drug or drug type for
which this warning shall be given.
(b) In addition to the requirement described in subdivision (a), on and after July 1, 2014, if a
pharmacist exercising his or her professional judgment determines that a drug may impair a
person’s ability to operate a vehicle or vessel, the pharmacist shall include a written label on the
drug container indicating that the drug may impair a person’s ability to operate a vehicle or
vessel. The label required by this subdivision may be printed on an auxiliary label that is affixed
to the prescription container.
(c) The board may by regulation require additional information or labeling.
(d) This section shall not apply to a drug furnished to a patient in conjunction with treatment or
emergency services provided in a health facility or, except as provided in subdivision (e), to a
drug furnished to a patient pursuant to subdivision (a) of Section 4056.
(e) A health facility shall establish and implement a written policy to ensure that each patient
shall receive information regarding each drug given at the time of discharge and each drug given
pursuant to subdivision (a) of Section 4056. This information shall include the use and storage of
each drug, the precautions and relevant warnings, and the importance of compliance with
directions. This information shall be given by a pharmacist or registered nurse, unless already
provided by a patient’s prescriber, and the written policy shall be developed in collaboration with
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a physician, a pharmacist, and a registered nurse. The written policy shall be approved by the
medical staff. Nothing in this subdivision or any other law shall be construed to require that only
a pharmacist provide this consultation.
4075. Proof of Identity Required – Oral or Electronic Prescription
No prescription for a controlled substance transmitted by means of an oral or electronically
transmitted order shall be furnished to any person unknown and unable to properly establish his
or her identity. The board may by regulation establish procedures to prevent unauthorized
persons from receiving prescription drugs furnished to a patient or a representative of the patient.
4076. Prescription Container – Requirements for Labeling
(a) A pharmacist shall not dispense any prescription except in a container that meets the
requirements of state and federal law and is correctly labeled with all of the following:
(1) Except when the prescriber or the certified nurse-midwife who functions pursuant to a
standardized procedure or protocol described in Section 2746.51, the nurse practitioner who
functions pursuant to a standardized procedure described in Section 2836.1 or protocol, the
physician assistant who functions pursuant to Section 3502.1, the naturopathic doctor who
functions pursuant to a standardized procedure or protocol described in Section 3640.5, or the
pharmacist who functions pursuant to a policy, procedure, or protocol pursuant to Section 4052.1,
4052.2, or 4052.6 orders otherwise, either the manufacturer’s trade name of the drug or the
generic name and the name of the manufacturer. Commonly used abbreviations may be used.
Preparations containing two or more active ingredients may be identified by the manufacturer’s
trade name or the commonly used name or the principal active ingredients.
(2) The directions for the use of the drug.
(3) The name of the patient or patients.
(4) The name of the prescriber or, if applicable, the name of the certified nurse-midwife who
functions pursuant to a standardized procedure or protocol described in Section 2746.51, the
nurse practitioner who functions pursuant to a standardized procedure described in Section
2836.1 or protocol, the physician assistant who functions pursuant to Section 3502.1, the
naturopathic doctor who functions pursuant to a standardized procedure or protocol described in
Section 3640.5, or the pharmacist who functions pursuant to a policy, procedure, or protocol
pursuant to Section 4052.1, 4052.2, or 4052.6.
(5) The date of issue.
(6) The name and address of the pharmacy, and prescription number or other means of
identifying the prescription.
(7) The strength of the drug or drugs dispensed.
(8) The quantity of the drug or drugs dispensed.
(9) The expiration date of the effectiveness of the drug dispensed.
(10) The condition or purpose for which the drug was prescribed if the condition or purpose is
indicated on the prescription.
(11) (A) Commencing January 1, 2006, the physical description of the dispensed medication,
including its color, shape, and any identification code that appears on the tablets or capsules,
except as follows:
(i) Prescriptions dispensed by a veterinarian.
(ii) An exemption from the requirements of this paragraph shall be granted to a new drug for the
first 120 days that the drug is on the market and for the 90 days during which the national
reference file has no description on file.
(iii) Dispensed medications for which no physical description exists in any commercially
available database.
(B) This paragraph applies to outpatient pharmacies only.
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(C) The information required by this paragraph may be printed on an auxiliary label that is
affixed to the prescription container.
(D) This paragraph shall not become operative if the board, prior to January 1, 2006, adopts
regulations that mandate the same labeling requirements set forth in this paragraph.
(b) If a pharmacist dispenses a prescribed drug by means of a unit dose medication system, as
defined by administrative regulation, for a patient in a skilled nursing, intermediate care, or other
health care facility, the requirements of this section will be satisfied if the unit dose medication
system contains the aforementioned information or the information is otherwise readily available
at the time of drug administration.
(c) If a pharmacist dispenses a dangerous drug or device in a facility licensed pursuant to
Section 1250 of the Health and Safety Code, it is not necessary to include on individual unit dose
containers for a specific patient, the name of the certified nurse-midwife who functions pursuant
to a standardized procedure or protocol described in Section 2746.51, the nurse practitioner who
functions pursuant to a standardized procedure described in Section 2836.1 or protocol, the
physician assistant who functions pursuant to Section 3502.1, the naturopathic doctor who
functions pursuant to a standardized procedure or protocol described in Section 3640.5, or the
pharmacist who functions pursuant to a policy, procedure, or protocol pursuant to Section 4052.1,
4052.2, or 4052.6.
(d) If a pharmacist dispenses a prescription drug for use in a facility licensed pursuant to Section
1250 of the Health and Safety Code, it is not necessary to include the information required in
paragraph (11) of subdivision (a) when the prescription drug is administered to a patient by a
person licensed under the Medical Practice Act (Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 2000)), the
Nursing Practice Act (Chapter 6 (commencing with Section 2700)), or the Vocational Nursing
Practice Act (Chapter 6.5 (commencing with Section 2840)), who is acting within his or her
scope of practice.
4076.5. Standardized, Patient-Centered Prescription Labels; Requirements
(a) The board shall promulgate regulations that require, on or before January 1, 2011, a
standardized, patient-centered, prescription drug label on all prescription medicine dispensed to
patients in California.
(b) To ensure maximum public comment, the board shall hold public meetings statewide that are
separate from its normally scheduled hearings in order to seek information from groups representing
consumers, seniors, pharmacists or the practice of pharmacy, other health care professionals, and other
interested parties.
(c) When developing the requirements for prescription drug labels, the board shall consider all of the
following factors:
(1) Medical literacy research that points to increased understandability of labels.
(2) Improved directions for use.
(3) Improved font types and sizes.
(4) Placement of information that is patient-centered.
(5) The needs of patients with limited English proficiency.
(6) The needs of senior citizens.
(7) Technology requirements necessary to implement the standards.
(d) The board may exempt from the requirements of regulations promulgated pursuant to subdivision
(a) prescriptions dispensed to a patient in a health facility, as defined in Section 1250 of the Health
and Safety Code, if the prescriptions are administered by a licensed health care professional.
Prescriptions dispensed to a patient in a health facility that will not be administered by a licensed
health care professional or that are provided to the patient upon discharge from the facility shall be
subject to the requirements of this section and the regulations promulgated pursuant to subdivision (a).
Nothing in this subdivision shall alter or diminish existing statutory and regulatory informed consent,
patients’ rights, or pharmaceutical labeling and storage requirements, including, but not limited to, the
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requirements of Section 1418.9 of the Health and Safety Code or Section 72357, 72527, or 72528 of
Title 22 of the California Code of Regulations.
(e) (1) The board may exempt from the requirements of regulations promulgated pursuant to
subdivision (a) a prescription dispensed to a patient if all of the following apply:
(A) The drugs are dispensed by a JCAHO-accredited home infusion or specialty pharmacy.
(B) The patient receives health-professional-directed education prior to the beginning of therapy
by a nurse or pharmacist.
(C) The patient receives weekly or more frequent followup contacts by a nurse or pharmacist.
(D) Care is provided under a formal plan of care based upon a physician and surgeon’s orders.
(2) For purposes of paragraph (1), home infusion and specialty therapies include parenteral therapy
or other forms of administration that require regular laboratory and patient monitoring.
4077. Dispensing Dangerous Drug in Incorrectly Labeled Container
(a) Except as provided in subdivisions (b) and (c), no person shall dispense any dangerous drug
upon prescription except in a container correctly labeled with the information required by Section
4076.
(b) Physicians, dentists, podiatrists, and veterinarians may personally furnish any dangerous
drug prescribed by them to the patient for whom prescribed, provided that the drug is properly
labeled to show all information required in Section 4076 except the prescription number.
(c) Devices that bear the legend "Caution: federal law restricts this device to sale by or on the
order of a _____," or words of similar meaning, are exempt from the requirements of Section
4076, and Section 111480 of the Health and Safety Code, when provided to patients in skilled
nursing facilities or intermediate care facilities licensed pursuant to Chapter 2 (commencing with
Section 1250) of Division 2 of the Health and Safety Code.
(d) The following notification shall be affixed to all quantities of dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO)
prescribed by a physician, or dispensed by a pharmacy pursuant to the order of a physician in
California: "Warning: DMSO may be hazardous to your health. Follow the directions of the
physician who prescribed the DMSO for you."
(e) The label of any retail package of DMSO shall include appropriate precautionary measures
for proper handling and first aid treatment and a warning statement to keep the product out of
reach of children.
4078. False or Misleading Label on Prescription
(a) (1) No person shall place a false or misleading label on a prescription.
(2) No prescriber shall direct that a prescription be labeled with any information that is false or
misleading.
(b) Notwithstanding subdivision (a), a person may label a prescription, or a prescriber may
direct that a prescription be labeled, with information about the drug that is false under either of
the following circumstances:
(1) If the labeling is a necessary part of a clinical or investigational drug program approved by
the federal Food and Drug Administration or a legitimate investigational drug project involving a
drug previously approved by the federal Food and Drug Administration.
(2) If, in the medical judgment of the prescriber, the labeling is appropriate for the proper
treatment of the patient.
(c) The furnisher of a prescription labeled pursuant to subdivision (b) shall make, and retain for
three years from the date of making, a record stating the manner in which the information on the
prescription label varies from the actual drug in the container and documenting the order of the
prescriber to so label the container. The prescriber shall make, and retain for at least three years,
a record of his or her order to so label the container.
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Article 5. Authority of Inspectors
4080. Stock of Dangerous Drugs and Devices Kept Open for Inspection
All stock of any dangerous drug or dangerous device or of shipments through a customs broker
or carrier shall be, at all times during business hours, open to inspection by authorized officers of
the law.
4081. Records of Dangerous Drugs and Devices Kept Open for Inspection; Maintenance of
Records, Current Inventory
(a) All records of manufacture and of sale, acquisition, or disposition of dangerous drugs or
dangerous devices shall be at all times during business hours open to inspection by authorized
officers of the law, and shall be preserved for at least three years from the date of making. A
current inventory shall be kept by every manufacturer, wholesaler, pharmacy, veterinary foodanimal drug retailer, physician, dentist, podiatrist, veterinarian, laboratory, clinic, hospital,
institution, or establishment holding a currently valid and unrevoked certificate, license, permit,
registration, or exemption under Division 2 (commencing with Section 1200) of the Health and
Safety Code or under Part 4 (commencing with Section 16000) of Division 9 of the Welfare and
Institutions Code who maintains a stock of dangerous drugs or dangerous devices.
(b) The owner, officer, and partner of a pharmacy, wholesaler, or veterinary food-animal drug
retailer shall be jointly responsible, with the pharmacist-in-charge or designated representative-in­
charge, for maintaining the records and inventory described in this section.
(c) The pharmacist-in-charge or designated representative-in-charge shall not be criminally
responsible for acts of the owner, officer, partner, or employee that violate this section and of
which the pharmacist-in-charge or designated representative-in-charge had no knowledge, or in
which he or she did not knowingly participate.
4082. Names of Owners, Managers and Employees Open for Inspection
When called upon by an inspector, the owner or manager of any entity licensed by the board, or
other store, shop, building, or premises retailing, wholesaling, or storing drugs or devices shall
furnish the inspector with the names of the owner or owners, manager or managers, and
employees together with a brief statement of the capacity in which these persons are employed on
the premises.
4083. Orders of Correction
(a) An inspector may issue an order of correction to a licensee directing the licensee to comply
with this chapter or regulations adopted pursuant to this chapter.
(b) The order of correction shall be in writing and shall describe in detail the nature and facts of
the violation, including a reference to the statute or regulations violated.
(c) The order of correction shall inform the licensee that within 30 days of service of the order of
correction, the licensee may do either of the following:
(1) Submit a written request for an office conference with the board's executive officer to
contest the order of correction.
(A) Upon a timely request, the executive officer, or his or her designee, shall hold an office
conference with the licensee or the licensee's legal counsel or authorized representative. Unless
so authorized by the executive officer, or his or her designee, no individual other than the
licensee's legal counsel or authorized representative may accompany the licensee to the office
conference.
(B) Prior to or at the office conference, the licensee may submit to the executive officer
declarations and documents pertinent to the subject matter of the order of correction.
(C) The office conference is intended to be an informal proceeding and shall not be subject
to the provisions of the Administrative Procedure Act (Chapter 3.5 (commencing with Section
46
11340), Chapter 4 (commencing with Section 11370), Chapter 4.5 (commencing with Section
11400), and Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 11500) of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the
Government Code).
(D) The executive officer, or his or her designee, may affirm, modify, or withdraw the order
of correction. Within 14 calendar days from the date of the office conference, the executive
officer, or his or her designee, shall personally serve or send by certified mail to the licensee's
address of record with the board a written decision. This decision shall be deemed the final
administrative decision concerning the order of correction.
(E) Judicial review of the decision may be had by filing a petition for a writ of mandate in
accordance with the provisions of Section 1094.5 of the Code of Civil Procedure within 30 days
of the date the decision was personally served or sent by certified mail. The judicial review shall
extend to the question of whether or not there was a prejudicial abuse of discretion in the issuance
of the order of correction.
(2) Comply with the order of correction and submit a written corrective action plan to the
inspector documenting compliance. If an office conference is not requested pursuant to this
section, compliance with the order of correction shall not constitute an admission of the violation
noted in the order of correction.
(d) The order of correction shall be served upon the licensee personally or by certified mail at
the licensee's address of record with the board. If the licensee is served by certified mail, service
shall be effective upon deposit in the United States mail.
(e) The licensee shall maintain and have readily available on the pharmacy premises a copy of
the order of correction and corrective action plan for at least three years from the date of issuance
of the order of correction.
(f) Nothing in this section shall in any way limit the board's authority or ability to do any of the
following:
(1) Issue a citation pursuant to Section 125.9, 148, or 4067 or pursuant to Section 1775,
1775.15, 1777, or 1778 of Title 16 of the California Code of Regulations.
(2) Issue a letter of admonishment pursuant to Section 4315.
(3) Institute disciplinary proceedings pursuant to Article 19 (commencing with Section 4300).
(g) Unless a writ of mandate is filed, a citation issued, a letter of admonishment issued, or a
disciplinary proceeding instituted, an order of correction shall not be considered a public record
and shall not be disclosed pursuant to a request under the California Public Records Act (Chapter
3.5 (commencing with Section 6250) of Division 7 of Title 1 of the Government Code).
4084. Adulterated, Misbranded or Counterfeit Dangerous Drug or Device
(a) When a board inspector finds, or has probable cause to believe, that any dangerous drug or
dangerous device is adulterated, misbranded, or counterfeit, the board inspector shall affix a tag
or other marking to that dangerous drug or dangerous device. The board inspector shall give
notice to the person that the dangerous drug or dangerous device bearing the tag or marking has
been embargoed.
(b) When a board inspector has found that an embargoed dangerous drug or dangerous device is
not adulterated, misbranded, or counterfeit, a board inspector shall remove the tag or other
marking.
(c) A board inspector may secure a sample or specimen of a dangerous drug or dangerous
device. If the board inspector obtains a sample prior to leaving the premises, the board inspector
shall leave a receipt describing the sample.
(d) For the purposes of this article, "counterfeit" shall have the meaning defined in Section
109905 of the Health and Safety Code.
(e) For the purposes of this article, "adulterated" shall have the meaning defined in Article 2
(commencing with Section 111250) of Chapter 6 of Part 5 of Division 104 of the Health and
Safety Code.
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(f) For the purposes of this article, "misbranded" shall have the meaning defined in Article 3
(commencing with Section 111330) of Chapter 6 of Part 5 of Division 104 of the Health and
Safety Code.
4085. Unlawful to Remove, Sell, or Dispose of Embargoed Dangerous Drugs or Dangerous
Devices
(a) It is unlawful for any person to remove, sell, or dispose of an embargoed dangerous drug or
dangerous device without permission of the board.
(b) When a board inspector has reasonable cause to believe, that the embargo will be violated, a
board inspector may remove the embargoed dangerous drug or dangerous device from the
premises.
4086. Adulterated or Counterfeit Dangerous Drug or Dangerous Device; Court
Proceedings
(a) If a dangerous drug or dangerous device is alleged to be adulterated or counterfeit, the board
shall commence proceedings in the superior court in whose jurisdiction the dangerous drug or
dangerous device is located, for condemnation of the dangerous drug or dangerous device.
(b) If the court finds that an embargoed dangerous drug or dangerous device is adulterated or
counterfeit, the dangerous drug or dangerous device shall, after entry of the judgment, be
destroyed at the expense of the claimant or owner, under the supervision of the board. All court
costs and fees and all reasonable costs incurred by the board in investigating and prosecuting the
action, including, but not limited to, the costs of storage and testing, shall be paid by the claimant
or owner of the dangerous drug or dangerous device.
(c) A superior court of this state may condemn any dangerous drug or dangerous device
pursuant to this article. In the absence of an order, the dangerous drug or dangerous device may
be destroyed under the supervision of the board who has the written consent of the owner, his or
her attorney, or authorized representative. If the board cannot ascertain ownership of the
dangerous drug or dangerous device within 30 days of establishing an embargo, the board may
destroy the dangerous drug or dangerous device.
Article 6. General Requirements
4100. Change of Address or Name – Notification to Board
(a) Within 30 days after changing his or her address of record with the board or after changing
his or her name according to law, a pharmacist, intern pharmacist, technician, or designated
representative shall notify the executive officer of the board of the change of address or change of
name.
(b) This section shall become operative on January 1, 2006.
4101. Pharmacist-in-Charge, Designated Representative-in-Charge: Termination of
Employment; Notification to Board
(a) A pharmacist may take charge of and act as the pharmacist-in-charge of a pharmacy upon
application by the pharmacy and approval by the board. Any pharmacist-in-charge who ceases to
act as the pharmacist-in-charge of the pharmacy shall notify the board in writing within 30 days
of the date of that change in status.
(b) A designated representative or a pharmacist may take charge of, and act as, the designated
representative-in-charge of a wholesaler or veterinary food-animal drug retailer upon application
by the wholesaler or veterinary food-animal drug retailer and approval by the board. Any
48
designated representative-in-charge who ceases to act as the designated representative-in-charge
at that entity shall notify the board in writing within 30 days of the date of that change in status.
4103. Blood Pressure―Taking by Pharmacist
Notwithstanding Section 2038, or any other provision of law, a pharmacist may take a person's
blood pressure and may inform the person of the results, render an opinion as to whether the
reading is within a high, low, or normal range, and may advise the person to consult a physician
of the person's choice. Pharmacists rendering this service shall utilize commonly accepted
community standards in rendering opinions and referring patients to physicians. Enforcement of
this section is vested in the Board of Pharmacy of the State of California. Any pharmacist who
performs this service shall not be in violation of Section 2052.
4104. Licensed Employee, Theft or Impairment: Pharmacy Procedures
(a) Every pharmacy shall have in place procedures for taking action to protect the public when a
licensed individual employed by or with the pharmacy is discovered or known to be chemically,
mentally, or physically impaired to the extent it affects his or her ability to practice the profession
or occupation authorized by his or her license, or is discovered or known to have engaged in the
theft, diversion, or self-use of dangerous drugs.
(b) Every pharmacy shall have written policies and procedures for addressing chemical, mental,
or physical impairment, as well as theft, diversion, or self-use of dangerous drugs, among
licensed individuals employed by or with the pharmacy.
(c) Every pharmacy shall report and provide to the board, within 14 days of the receipt or
development thereof the following information with regard to any licensed individual employed
by or with the pharmacy:
(1) Any admission by a licensed individual of chemical, mental, or physical impairment
affecting his or her ability to practice.
(2) Any admission by a licensed individual of theft, diversion, or self-use of dangerous drugs.
(3) Any video or documentary evidence demonstrating chemical, mental, or physical
impairment of a licensed individual to the extent it affects his or her ability to practice.
(4) Any video or documentary evidence demonstrating theft, diversion, or self-use of
dangerous drugs by a licensed individual.
(5) Any termination based on chemical, mental, or physical impairment of a licensed individual
to the extent it affects his or her ability to practice.
(6) Any termination of a licensed individual based on theft, diversion, or self-use of dangerous
drugs.
(d) The report required in subdivision (c) shall include sufficient detail to inform the board of
the facts upon which the report is based, including an estimate of the type and quantity of all
dangerous drugs involved, the timeframe over which the losses are suspected, and the date of the
last controlled substances inventory. Upon request of the board, the pharmacy shall prepare and
submit an audit involving the dangerous drugs suspected to be missing.
(e) Anyone making a report authorized or required by this section shall have immunity from any
liability, civil or criminal, that might otherwise arise from the making of the report. Any
participant shall have the same immunity with respect to participation in any administrative or
judicial proceeding resulting from the report.
4105. Retaining Records of Dangerous Drugs and Devices on Licensed Premises;
Temporary Removal; Waivers; Access to Electronically Maintained Records
(a) All records or other documentation of the acquisition and disposition of dangerous drugs and
dangerous devices by any entity licensed by the board shall be retained on the licensed premises
in a readily retrievable form.
49
(b) The licensee may remove the original records or documentation from the licensed premises
on a temporary basis for license-related purposes. However, a duplicate set of those records or
other documentation shall be retained on the licensed premises.
(c) The records required by this section shall be retained on the licensed premises for a period of
three years from the date of making.
(d) Any records that are maintained electronically shall be maintained so that the pharmacist-in­
charge, the pharmacist on duty if the pharmacist-in-charge is not on duty, or, in the case of a
veterinary food-animal drug retailer or wholesaler, the designated representative on duty, shall, at
all times during which the licensed premises are open for business, be able to produce a hard copy
and electronic copy of all records of acquisition or disposition or other drug or dispensing-related
records maintained electronically.
(e) (1) Notwithstanding subdivisions (a), (b), and (c), the board, may upon written request, grant
to a licensee a waiver of the requirements that the records described in subdivisions (a), (b), and
(c) be kept on the licensed premises.
(2) A waiver granted pursuant to this subdivision shall not affect the board's authority under
this section or any other provision of this chapter.
(f) When requested by an authorized officer of the law or by an authorized representative of the
board, the owner, corporate officer, or manager of an entity licensed by the board shall provide
the board with the requested records within three business days of the time the request was made.
The entity may request in writing an extension of this timeframe for a period not to exceed 14
calendar days from the date the records were requested. A request for an extension of time is
subject to the approval of the board. An extension shall be deemed approved if the board fails to
deny the extension request within two business days of the time the extension request was made
directly to the board.
4106. License Verification Using Board Web Site
For purposes of license verification, a person may rely upon the licensing information as it is
displayed on the board's Internet Web site that includes the issuance and expiration dates of any
license issued by the board.
4107. One Site License per Premises; Exception
(a) The board may not issue more than one site license to a single premises except as follows:
(1) To issue a veterinary food-animal drug retailer license to a wholesaler pursuant to
Section 4196.
(2) To issue a license to compound sterile injectable drugs to a pharmacy pursuant to
Section 4127.1.
(3) To issue a centralized hospital packaging license pursuant to Section 4128.
(b) For the purposes of this subdivision, “premises” means a location with its own address and
an independent means of ingress and egress.
4110. License Required; Temporary Permit Upon Transfer of Ownership; Mobile
Pharmacy Requirements
(a) No person shall conduct a pharmacy in the State of California unless he or she has obtained a
license from the board. A license shall be required for each pharmacy owned or operated by a
specific person. A separate license shall be required for each of the premises of any person
operating a pharmacy in more than one location. The license shall be renewed annually. The
board may, by regulation, determine the circumstances under which a license may be transferred.
(b) The board may, at its discretion, issue a temporary permit, when the ownership of a
pharmacy is transferred from one person to another, upon the conditions and for any periods of
time as the board determines to be in the public interest. A temporary permit fee shall be required
in an amount established by the board as specified in subdivision (a) of Section 4400. When
50
needed to protect public safety, a temporary permit may be issued for a period not to exceed 180
days, and may be issued subject to terms and conditions the board deems necessary. If the board
determines a temporary permit was issued by mistake or denies the application for a permanent
license or registration, the temporary license or registration shall terminate upon either personal
service of the notice of termination upon the permitholder or service by certified mail, return
receipt requested, at the permitholder's address of record with the board, whichever comes first.
Neither for purposes of retaining a temporary permit nor for purposes of any disciplinary or
license denial proceeding before the board shall the temporary permitholder be deemed to have a
vested property right or interest in the permit.
(c) The board may allow the temporary use of a mobile pharmacy when a pharmacy is destroyed
or damaged, the mobile pharmacy is necessary to protect the health and safety of the public, and
the following conditions are met:
(1) The mobile pharmacy shall provide services only on or immediately contiguous to the site
of the damaged or destroyed pharmacy.
(2) The mobile pharmacy is under the control and management of the pharmacist-in-charge of
the pharmacy that was destroyed or damaged.
(3) A licensed pharmacist is on the premises while drugs are being dispensed.
(4) Reasonable security measures are taken to safeguard the drug supply maintained in the
mobile pharmacy.
(5) The pharmacy operating the mobile pharmacy provides the board with records of the
destruction of, or damage to, the pharmacy and an expected restoration date.
(6) Within three calendar days of restoration of the pharmacy services, the board is provided
with notice of the restoration of the permanent pharmacy.
(7) The mobile pharmacy is not operated for more than 48 hours following the restoration of
the permanent pharmacy.
4111. Restrictions on Prescriber Ownership
(a) Except as otherwise provided in subdivision (b), (d), or (e), the board shall not issue or renew
a license to conduct a pharmacy to any of the following:
(1) A person or persons authorized to prescribe or write a prescription, as specified in Section
4040, in the State of California.
(2) A person or persons with whom a person or persons specified in paragraph (1) shares a
community or other financial interest in the permit sought.
(3) Any corporation that is controlled by, or in which 10 percent or more of the stock is owned
by a person or persons prohibited from pharmacy ownership by paragraph (1) or (2).
(b) Subdivision (a) shall not preclude the issuance of a permit for an inpatient hospital pharmacy
to the owner of the hospital in which it is located.
(c) The board may require any information the board deems is reasonably necessary for the
enforcement of this section.
(d) Subdivision (a) shall not preclude the issuance of a new or renewal license for a pharmacy to
be owned or owned and operated by a person licensed on or before August 1, 1981, under the
Knox-Keene Health Care Service Plan Act of 1975 (Chapter 2.2 (commencing with Section
1340) of Division 2 of the Health and Safety Code) and qualified on or before August 1, 1981,
under subsection (d) of Section 1310 of Title XIII of the federal Public Health Service Act, as
amended, whose ownership includes persons defined pursuant to paragraphs (1) and (2) of
subdivision (a).
(e) Subdivision (a) shall not preclude the issuance of a new or renewal license for a pharmacy to
be owned or owned and operated by a pharmacist authorized to issue a drug order pursuant to
Section 4052.1, 4052.2, or 4052.6.
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4112. Nonresident Pharmacy: Registration; Provision of Information to Board;
Maintaining Records; Patient Consultation
(a) Any pharmacy located outside this state that ships, mails, or delivers, in any manner,
controlled substances, dangerous drugs, or dangerous devices into this state shall be considered a
nonresident pharmacy.
(b) A person may not act as a nonresident pharmacy unless he or she has obtained a license from
the board. The board may register a nonresident pharmacy that is organized as a limited liability
company in the state in which it is licensed.
(c) A nonresident pharmacy shall disclose to the board the location, names, and titles of (1) its
agent for service of process in this state, (2) all principal corporate officers, if any, (3) all general
partners, if any, and (4) all pharmacists who are dispensing controlled substances, dangerous
drugs, or dangerous devices to residents of this state. A report containing this information shall
be made on an annual basis and within 30 days after any change of office, corporate officer,
partner, or pharmacist.
(d) All nonresident pharmacies shall comply with all lawful directions and requests for
information from the regulatory or licensing agency of the state in which it is licensed as well as
with all requests for information made by the board pursuant to this section. The nonresident
pharmacy shall maintain, at all times, a valid unexpired license, permit, or registration to conduct
the pharmacy in compliance with the laws of the state in which it is a resident. As a prerequisite
to registering with the board, the nonresident pharmacy shall submit a copy of the most recent
inspection report resulting from an inspection conducted by the regulatory or licensing agency of
the state in which it is located.
(e) All nonresident pharmacies shall maintain records of controlled substances, dangerous drugs,
or dangerous devices dispensed to patients in this state so that the records are readily retrievable
from the records of other drugs dispensed.
(f) Any pharmacy subject to this section shall, during its regular hours of operation, but not less
than six days per week, and for a minimum of 40 hours per week, provide a toll-free telephone
service to facilitate communication between patients in this state and a pharmacist at the
pharmacy who has access to the patient's records. This toll-free telephone number shall be
disclosed on a label affixed to each container of drugs dispensed to patients in this state.
(g) A nonresident pharmacy shall not permit a pharmacist whose license has been revoked by
the board to manufacture, compound, furnish, sell, dispense, or initiate the prescription of a
dangerous drug or dangerous device, or to provide any pharmacy-related service, to a person
residing in California.
(h) The board shall adopt regulations that apply the same requirements or standards for oral
consultation to a nonresident pharmacy that operates pursuant to this section and ships, mails, or
delivers any controlled substances, dangerous drugs, or dangerous devices to residents of this
state, as are applied to an in-state pharmacy that operates pursuant to Section 4037 when the
pharmacy ships, mails, or delivers any controlled substances, dangerous drugs, or dangerous
devices to residents of this state. The board shall not adopt any regulations that require face-to­
face consultation for a prescription that is shipped, mailed, or delivered to the patient. The
regulations adopted pursuant to this subdivision shall not result in any unnecessary delay in
patients receiving their medication.
(i) The registration fee shall be the fee specified in subdivision (a) of Section 4400.
(j) The registration requirements of this section shall apply only to a nonresident pharmacy that
ships, mails, or delivers controlled substances, dangerous drugs, and dangerous devices into this
state pursuant to a prescription.
(k) Nothing in this section shall be construed to authorize the dispensing of contact lenses by
nonresident pharmacists except as provided by Section 4124.
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4113. Pharmacist-in-Charge: Notification to Board; Responsibilities
(a) Every pharmacy shall designate a pharmacist-in-charge and, within 30 days thereof, shall
notify the board in writing of the identity and license number of that pharmacist and the date he or
she was designated.
(b) The proposed pharmacist-in-charge shall be subject to approval by the board. The board
shall not issue or renew a pharmacy license without identification of an approved pharmacist-in­
charge for the pharmacy.
(c) The pharmacist-in-charge shall be responsible for a pharmacy's compliance with all state and
federal laws and regulations pertaining to the practice of pharmacy.
(d) Every pharmacy shall notify the board in writing, on a form designed by the board, within 30
days of the date when a pharmacist-in-charge ceases to act as the pharmacist-in-charge, and shall
on the same form propose another pharmacist to take over as the pharmacist-in-charge. The
proposed replacement pharmacist-in-charge shall be subject to approval by the board. If
disapproved, the pharmacy shall propose another replacement within 15 days of the date of
disapproval and shall continue to name proposed replacements until a pharmacist-in-charge is
approved by the board.
(e) If a pharmacy is unable, in the exercise of reasonable diligence, to identify within 30 days a
permanent replacement pharmacist-in-charge to propose to the board on the notification form, the
pharmacy may instead provide on that form the name of any pharmacist who is an employee,
officer, or administrator of the pharmacy or the entity that owns the pharmacy and who is actively
involved in the management of the pharmacy on a daily basis, to act as the interim pharmacist-in­
charge for a period not to exceed 120 days. The pharmacy, or the entity that owns the pharmacy,
shall be prepared during normal business hours to provide a representative of the board with the
name of the interim pharmacist-in-charge with documentation of the active involvement of the
interim pharmacist-in-charge in the daily management of the pharmacy, and with documentation
of the pharmacy’s good faith efforts prior to naming the interim pharmacist-in-charge to obtain a
permanent pharmacist-in-charge. By no later than 120 days following the identification of the
interim pharmacist-in-charge, the pharmacy shall propose to the board the name of a pharmacist
to serve as the permanent pharmacist-in-charge. The proposed permanent pharmacist-in-charge
shall be subject to approval by the board. If disapproved, the pharmacy shall propose another
replacement within 15 days of the date of disapproval, and shall continue to name proposed
replacements until a pharmacist-in-charge is approved by the board.
4114. Intern Pharmacist: Activities Permitted
(a) An intern pharmacist may perform all functions of a pharmacist at the discretion of and
under the direct supervision and control of a pharmacist whose license is in good standing with
the board.
(b) A pharmacist may not supervise more than two intern pharmacists at any one time.
4115. Pharmacy Technician: Activities Permitted; Required Supervision; Activities
Limited to Pharmacist; Registration; Requirements for Registration; Ratio
(a) A pharmacy technician may perform packaging, manipulative, repetitive, or other
nondiscretionary tasks, only while assisting, and while under the direct supervision and control of
a pharmacist.
(b) This section does not authorize the performance of any tasks specified in subdivision (a) by a
pharmacy technician without a pharmacist on duty.
(c) This section does not authorize a pharmacy technician to perform any act requiring the
exercise of professional judgment by a pharmacist.
(d) The board shall adopt regulations to specify tasks pursuant to subdivision (a) that a
pharmacy technician may perform under the supervision of a pharmacist. Any pharmacy that
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employs a pharmacy technician shall do so in conformity with the regulations adopted by the
board.
(e) No person shall act as a pharmacy technician without first being licensed by the board as a
pharmacy technician.
(f) (1) A pharmacy with only one pharmacist shall have no more than one pharmacy technician
performing the tasks specified in subdivision (a). The ratio of pharmacy technicians performing
the tasks specified in subdivision (a) to any additional pharmacist shall not exceed 2:1, except that
this ratio shall not apply to personnel performing clerical functions pursuant to Section 4116 or
4117. This ratio is applicable to all practice settings, except for an inpatient of a licensed health
facility, a patient of a licensed home health agency, as specified in paragraph (2), an inmate of a
correctional facility of the Department of the Youth Authority or the Department of Corrections,
and for a person receiving treatment in a facility operated by the State Department of Mental
Health, the State Department of Developmental Services, or the Department of Veterans Affairs.
(2) The board may adopt regulations establishing the ratio of pharmacy technicians performing
the tasks specified in subdivision (a) to pharmacists applicable to the filling of prescriptions of an
inpatient of a licensed health facility and for a patient of a licensed home health agency. Any ratio
established by the board pursuant to this subdivision shall allow, at a minimum, at least one
pharmacy technician for a single pharmacist in a pharmacy and two pharmacy technicians for
each additional pharmacist, except that this ratio shall not apply to personnel performing clerical
functions pursuant to Section 4116 or 4117.
(3) A pharmacist scheduled to supervise a second pharmacy technician may refuse to supervise
a second pharmacy technician if the pharmacist determines, in the exercise of his or her
professional judgment, that permitting the second pharmacy technician to be on duty would
interfere with the effective performance of the pharmacist's responsibilities under this chapter. A
pharmacist assigned to supervise a second pharmacy technician shall notify the pharmacist in
charge in writing of his or her determination, specifying the circumstances of concern with
respect to the pharmacy or the pharmacy technician that have led to the determination, within a
reasonable period, but not to exceed 24 hours, after the posting of the relevant schedule. No entity
employing a pharmacist may discharge, discipline, or otherwise discriminate against any
pharmacist in the terms and conditions of employment for exercising or attempting to exercise in
good faith the right established pursuant to this paragraph.
(g) Notwithstanding subdivisions (a) and (b), the board shall by regulation establish conditions
to permit the temporary absence of a pharmacist for breaks and lunch periods pursuant to Section
512 of the Labor Code and the orders of the Industrial Welfare Commission without closing the
pharmacy. During these temporary absences, a pharmacy technician may, at the discretion of the
pharmacist, remain in the pharmacy but may only perform nondiscretionary tasks. The pharmacist
shall be responsible for a pharmacy technician and shall review any task performed by a
pharmacy technician during the pharmacist's temporary absence. Nothing in this subdivision shall
be construed to authorize a pharmacist to supervise pharmacy technicians in greater ratios than
those described in subdivision (f).
(h) The pharmacist on duty shall be directly responsible for the conduct of a pharmacy
technician supervised by that pharmacist.
4115.5. Pharmacy Technician Trainee; Placement; Supervision; Requirements
(a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a pharmacy technician trainee may be placed in
a pharmacy to complete an externship for the purpose of obtaining practical training required to
become licensed as a pharmacy technician.
(b) (1) A pharmacy technician trainee participating in an externship as described in subdivision
(a) may perform the duties described in subdivision (a) of Section 4115 only under the direct
supervision and control of a pharmacist.
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(2) A pharmacist supervising a pharmacy technician trainee participating in an externship as
described in subdivision (a) shall be directly responsible for the conduct of the trainee.
(3) A pharmacist supervising a pharmacy technician trainee participating in an externship as
described in subdivision (a) shall verify any prescription prepared by the trainee under
supervision of the pharmacist by initialing the prescription label before the medication is
disbursed to a patient or by engaging in other verification procedures that are specifically
approved by board regulations.
(4) A pharmacist may only supervise one pharmacy technician trainee at any given time.
(5) A pharmacist supervising a pharmacy technician trainee participating in an externship as
described in subdivision (a) shall certify attendance for the pharmacy technician trainee and
certify that the pharmacy technician trainee has met the educational objectives established by a
California public postsecondary education institution or the private postsecondary vocational
institution in which the trainee is enrolled, as established by the institution.
(c) (1) Except as described in paragraph (2), an externship in which a pharmacy technician
trainee is participating as described in subdivision (a) shall be for a period of no more than 120
hours.
(2) When an externship in which a pharmacy technician trainee is participating as described in
subdivision (a) involves rotation between a community and hospital pharmacy for the purpose of
training the student in distinct practice settings, the externship may be for a period of up to 320
hours. No more than 120 of the 320 hours may be completed in a community pharmacy setting or
in a single department in a hospital pharmacy.
(d) An externship in which a pharmacy technician trainee may participate as described in
subdivision (a) shall be for a period of no more than six consecutive months in a community
pharmacy and for a total of no more than 12 months if the externship involves rotation between a
community and hospital pharmacy. The externship shall be completed while the trainee is
enrolled in a course of instruction at the institution.
(e) A pharmacy technician trainee participating in an externship as described in subdivision (a)
shall wear identification that indicates his or her trainee status.
4116. Security of Dangerous Drugs and Devices in Pharmacy: Pharmacist Responsibility
for Individuals on Premises; Regulations
(a) No person other than a pharmacist, an intern pharmacist, an authorized officer of the law, or
a person authorized to prescribe shall be permitted in that area, place, or premises described in the
license issued by the board wherein controlled substances or dangerous drugs or dangerous
devices are stored, possessed, prepared, manufactured, derived, compounded, dispensed, or
repackaged. However, a pharmacist shall be responsible for any individual who enters the
pharmacy for the purposes of receiving consultation from the pharmacist or performing clerical,
inventory control, housekeeping, delivery, maintenance, or similar functions relating to the
pharmacy if the pharmacist remains present in the pharmacy during all times as the authorized
individual is present.
(b) (1) The board may, by regulation, establish reasonable security measures consistent with this
section in order to prevent unauthorized persons from gaining access to the area, place, or
premises or to the controlled substances or dangerous drugs or dangerous devices therein.
(2) The board shall, by regulation, establish conditions for the temporary absence of a
pharmacist for breaks and lunch periods pursuant to Section 512 of the Labor Code and the orders
of the Industrial Welfare Commission without closing the pharmacy and removing authorized
personnel from the pharmacy. These conditions shall ensure the security of the pharmacy and its
operations during the temporary absence of the pharmacist and shall allow, at the discretion of the
pharmacist, nonpharmacist personnel to remain and perform any lawful activities during the
pharmacist's temporary absence.
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4117. Admission to Area Where Narcotics are Stored, etc. – Who May Enter
No person other than a pharmacist, an intern pharmacist, a pharmacy technician, an authorized
officer of the law, a person authorized to prescribe, a registered nurse, a licensed vocational
nurse, a person who enters the pharmacy for purposes of receiving consultation from a
pharmacist, or a person authorized by the pharmacist in charge to perform clerical, inventory
control, housekeeping, delivery, maintenance, or similar functions relating to the pharmacy shall
be permitted in that area, place, or premises described in the license issued by the board to a
licensed hospital wherein controlled substances, dangerous drugs, or dangerous devices are
stored, possessed, prepared, manufactured, derived, compounded, dispensed, or repackaged.
4118. Waiving of Minimum Requirements by Board
(a) When, in the opinion of the board, a high standard of patient safety, consistent with good
patient care, can be provided by the licensure of a pharmacy that does not meet all of the
requirements for licensure as a pharmacy, the board may waive any licensing requirements.
(b) When, in the opinion of the board, a high standard of patient safety, consistent with good
patient care, can be provided by the licensure of a hospital pharmacy, as defined by subdivision
(a) of Section 4029, that does not meet all of the requirements for licensure as a hospital
pharmacy, the board may waive any licensing requirements. However, when a waiver of any
requirements is granted by the board, the pharmaceutical services to be rendered by this
pharmacy shall be limited to patients registered for treatment in the hospital, whether or not they
are actually staying in the hospital, or to emergency cases under treatment in the hospital.
4119. Furnish Prescription Drug to Licensed Health Care Facility – Secured Emergency
Supplies
(a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a pharmacy may furnish a dangerous drug or
dangerous device to a licensed health care facility for storage in a secured emergency
pharmaceutical supplies container maintained within the facility in accordance with facility
regulations of the State Department of Public Health set forth in Title 22 of the California Code
of Regulations and the requirements set forth in Section 1261.5 of the Health and Safety Code.
These emergency supplies shall be approved by the facility's patient care policy committee or
pharmaceutical service committee and shall be readily available to each nursing station. Section
1261.5 of the Health and Safety Code limits the number of oral dosage form or suppository form
drugs in these emergency supplies to 24.
(b) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a pharmacy may furnish a dangerous drug or a
dangerous device to an approved service provider within an emergency medical services system
for storage in a secured emergency pharmaceutical supplies container, in accordance with the
policies and procedures of the local emergency medical services agency, if all of the following
are met:
(1) The dangerous drug or dangerous device is furnished exclusively for use in conjunction
with services provided in an ambulance, or other approved emergency medical services service
provider, that provides prehospital emergency medical services.
(2) The requested dangerous drug or dangerous device is within the licensed or certified
emergency medical technician's scope of practice as established by the Emergency Medical
Services Authority and set forth in Title 22 of the California Code of Regulations.
(3) The approved service provider within an emergency medical services system provides a
written request that specifies the name and quantity of dangerous drugs or dangerous devices.
(4) The approved emergency medical services provider administers dangerous drugs and
dangerous devices in accordance with the policies and procedures of the local emergency medical
services agency.
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(5) The approved emergency medical services provider documents, stores, and restocks
dangerous drugs and dangerous devices in accordance with the policies and procedures of the
local emergency medical services agency.
Records of each request by, and dangerous drugs or dangerous devices furnished to, an approved
service provider within an emergency medical services system, shall be maintained by both the
approved service provider and the dispensing pharmacy for a period of at least three years.
The furnishing of controlled substances to an approved emergency medical services provider
shall be in accordance with the California Uniform Controlled Substances Act.
4119.1. Pharmacy May Provide Services to Health Facility
(a) A pharmacy may provide pharmacy services to a health facility licensed pursuant to
subdivision (c), (d), or both, of Section 1250 of the Health and Safety Code, through the use of an
automated drug delivery system that need not be located at the same location as the pharmacy.
(b) Drugs stored in an automated drug delivery system shall be part of the inventory of the
pharmacy providing pharmacy services to that facility, and drugs dispensed from the pharmacy
system shall be considered to have been dispensed by that pharmacy.
(c) (1) The pharmacy shall maintain records of the acquisition and disposition of dangerous
drugs and dangerous devices stored in the automated drug delivery system separate from other
pharmacy records.
(2) The pharmacy shall own and operate the automated drug delivery system.
(3) The pharmacy shall provide training regarding the operation and use of the automated drug
delivery system to both pharmacy and health facility personnel using the system.
(4) The pharmacy shall operate the automated drug delivery system in compliance with Section
1261.6 of the Health and Safety Code.
(d) The operation of the automated drug delivery system shall be under the supervision of a
licensed pharmacist. To qualify as a supervisor for an automated drug delivery system, the
pharmacist need not be physically present at the site of the automated drug delivery system and
may supervise the system electronically.
(e) Nothing in this section shall be construed to revise or limit the use of automated drug
delivery systems as permitted by the board in any licensed health facility other than a facility
defined in subdivision (c) or (d), or both, of Section 1250 of the Health and Safety Code.
4119.2. Furnish Epinephrine Auto-Injectors to School; Requirements
(a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a pharmacy may furnish epinephrine autoinjectors to a school district or county office of education pursuant to Section 49414 of the
Education Code if all of the following are met:
(1) The epinephrine auto-injectors are furnished exclusively for use at a school district site or
county office of education.
(2) A physician and surgeon provides a written order that specifies the quantity of epinephrine
auto-injectors to be furnished.
(b) Records regarding the acquisition and disposition of epinephrine auto-injectors furnished
pursuant to subdivision (a) shall be maintained by both the school district or county office of
education for a period of three years from the date the records were created. The school district
or county office of education shall be responsible for monitoring the supply of auto-injectors and
assuring the destruction of expired auto-injectors.
4119.3. Furnish Epinephrine Auto-Injectors to First Responder or Lay Rescuer;
Requirements
(a) Notwithstanding any other law, a pharmacy may dispense epinephrine auto-injectors to a
prehospital emergency medical care person or lay rescuer for the purpose of rendering emergency
57
care in accordance with Section 1797.197a of the Health and Safety Code, if both of the
following requirements are met:
(1) A physician and surgeon provides a written order that specifies the quantity of epinephrine
auto-injectors to be dispensed to a person described in subdivision (b) of Section 1797.197a of the
Health and Safety Code. The physician and surgeon may issue the prescription only upon
presentation of a current certificate demonstrating that the person is trained and qualified under
Section 1797.197a of the Health and Safety Code to administer an epinephrine auto-injector to
another person in an emergency situation. The prescription shall specify that the dispensed
epinephrine auto-injector is for “First Aid Purposes Only” and that the named recipient is a
“Section 1797.197a Responder.” A new prescription shall be written for any additional
epinephrine auto-injectors required.
(2) (A) The pharmacy shall label each epinephrine auto-injector dispensed with all of the
following:
(i) The name of the person to whom the prescription was issued.
(ii) The designations “Section 1797.197a Responder” and “First Aid Purposes Only.”
(iii) The dosage, use, and expiration date.
(B) Each dispensed prescription shall include the manufacturer’s product information sheet for
the epinephrine auto-injector.
(b) The person described in subdivision (b) of Section 1797.197a of the Health and Safety Code
receiving epinephrine auto-injectors pursuant to this section shall make and maintain a record for
five years reflecting dates of receipt, use, and destruction of each auto-injector dispensed, the
name of any person to whom epinephrine was administered using an auto-injector, and the
circumstances and manner of destruction of any auto-injectors.
(c) The epinephrine auto-injectors dispensed pursuant to this section may be used only for the
purpose, and under the circumstances, described in Section 1797.197a of the Health and Safety
Code.
4119.5. Transfer or Repackaging Dangerous Drugs by Pharmacy
(a) A pharmacy can transfer a reasonable supply of dangerous drugs to another pharmacy.
(b) A pharmacy may repackage and furnish to a prescriber a reasonable quantity of dangerous
drugs and dangerous devices for prescriber office use.
4120. Nonresident Pharmacy: Registration Required
(a) A nonresident pharmacy shall not sell or distribute dangerous drugs or dangerous devices in
this state through any person or media other than a wholesaler who has obtained a license
pursuant to this chapter or through a selling or distribution outlet that is licensed as a wholesaler
pursuant to this chapter without registering as a nonresident pharmacy.
(b) Applications for a nonresident pharmacy registration shall be made on a form furnished by
the board. The board may require any information as the board deems reasonably necessary to
carry out the purposes of this section.
(c) The Legislature, by enacting this section, does not intend a license issued to any nonresident
pharmacy pursuant to this section to change or affect the tax liability imposed by Chapter 3
(commencing with Section 23501) of Part 11 of Division 2 of the Revenue and Taxation Code on
any nonresident pharmacy.
(d) The Legislature, by enacting this section, does not intend a license issued to any nonresident
pharmacy pursuant to this section to serve as any evidence that the nonresident pharmacy is doing
business within this state.
4121. Advertisement for Prescription Drug: Requirements; Restrictions
(a) Notwithstanding Section 651, an advertisement of the retail price for a drug that requires a
prescription shall be limited to quantities of the drug that are consistent with good medical
58
practice and shall include the strength, dosage form, and the exact dates during which the
advertised price will be in effect.
(b) This section shall not apply to a pharmacy that is located in a licensed hospital and that is
accessible only to hospital medical staff and personnel.
4122. Required Notice of Availability of Prescription Price Information, General Product
Availability, Pharmacy Services; Providing Price Information; Limitations on Price
Information Requests
(a) In every pharmacy there shall be prominently posted in a place conspicuous to, and readable
by, prescription drug consumers a notice provided by the board concerning the availability of
prescription price information, the possibility of generic drug product selection, the type of
services provided by pharmacies, and a statement describing patients' rights relative to the
requirements imposed on pharmacists pursuant to Section 733. The format and wording of the
notice shall be adopted by the board by regulation. A written receipt that contains the required
information on the notice may be provided to consumers as an alternative to posting the notice in
the pharmacy.
(b) A pharmacist, or a pharmacist's employee, shall give the current retail price for any drug sold
at the pharmacy upon request from a consumer, however that request is communicated to the
pharmacist or employee.
(c) If a requester requests price information on more than five prescription drugs and does not
have valid prescriptions for all of the drugs for which price information is requested, a pharmacist
may require the requester to meet any or all of the following requirements:
(1) The request shall be in writing.
(2) The pharmacist shall respond to the written request within a reasonable period of time. A
reasonable period of time is deemed to be 10 days, or the time period stated in the written request,
whichever is later.
(3) A pharmacy may charge a reasonable fee for each price quotation, as long as the requester
is informed that there will be a fee charged.
(4) No pharmacy shall be required to respond to more than three requests as described in this
subdivision from any one person or entity in a six-month period.
(d) This section shall not apply to a pharmacy that is located in a licensed hospital and that is
accessible only to hospital medical staff and personnel.
(e) Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, no pharmacy shall be required to do any
of the following:
(1) Provide the price of any controlled substance in response to a telephone request.
(2) Respond to a request from a competitor.
(3) Respond to a request from an out-of-state requester.
4123. Compounding Drug for Other Pharmacy for Parenteral Therapy; Notice to Board
Any pharmacy that contracts to compound a drug for parenteral therapy, pursuant to a
prescription, for delivery to another pharmacy shall report that contractual arrangement to the
board. That information shall be reported by the pharmacy performing the compounding services
within 30 days of commencing that compounding.
4124. Dispensing Replacement Contact Lenses: Requirements; Patient Warnings;
Registration with Medical Board; Application of Section to Nonresident Pharmacies
(a) Notwithstanding Section 2543, a pharmacist may dispense replacement contact lenses
pursuant to a valid prescription of a physician or optometrist. Nothing in this section authorizes a
pharmacist to conduct an examination of the eyes or to fit or adjust contact lenses. For purposes
of this section, "replacement contact lenses" means soft contact lenses that require no fitting or
adjustment, and that are dispensed as packaged and sealed by the manufacturer.
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(b) No replacement contact lenses may be sold or dispensed except pursuant to a prescription
that meets all of the following requirements:
(1) Conforms to state and federal statutes and regulations governing those prescriptions and
includes the name, address, and state license number of the prescribing practitioner.
(2) Explicitly states an expiration date of not more than one year from the date of the last
prescribing examination.
(3) Explicitly states that the prescription is for contact lenses and includes the lens brand name,
type, and tint, including all specifications necessary for the ordering of lenses. (c) The contact
lenses that are dispensed shall be the exact contact lenses that have been prescribed, and no
substitutions shall be made.
(d) Any pharmacist and pharmacy that dispenses replacement contact lenses shall direct the
patient to confer with his or her eyecare practitioner in the event of any eye problem or reaction to
the lenses.
(e) Any pharmacist and pharmacy that sells replacement contact lenses shall provide the
following or substantially equivalent written notification to the patient whenever contact lenses
are supplied:
WARNING: IF YOU ARE HAVING ANY UNEXPLAINED EYE DISCOMFORT,
WATERING, VISION CHANGE, OR REDNESS, REMOVE YOUR LENSES IMMEDIATELY
AND CONSULT YOUR EYE CARE PRACTITIONER BEFORE WEARING YOUR LENSES
AGAIN.
(f) Any pharmacy and pharmacist dispensing replacement contact lenses shall be subject to all
statutes, regulations, and ordinances governing the advertisement of contact lenses. In addition,
any advertisement by a pharmacy or pharmacist that mentions replacement contact lenses shall
include within the advertisement all fees, charges, and costs associated with the purchase of the
lenses from that pharmacy and pharmacist.
(g) Any pharmacy dispensing replacement contact lenses shall register with the Medical Board
of California at the time of initial application for a license or at the time of annual renewal of that
license.
(h) All nonresident pharmacies shall maintain records of replacement contact lenses shipped,
mailed, or delivered to persons in California for a period of at least three years. The records shall
be available for inspection upon request by the board or the Division of Licensing of the Medical
Board of California.
(i) The requirements of this section are applicable to nonresident pharmacies as defined in
subdivision (a) of Section 4112. A nonresident pharmacy may dispense contact lenses only as
provided in this section.
4125. Pharmacy Quality Assurance Program Required; Records Considered Peer Review
Documents
(a) Every pharmacy shall establish a quality assurance program that shall, at a minimum,
document medication errors attributable, in whole or in part, to the pharmacy or its personnel.
The purpose of the quality assurance program shall be to assess errors that occur in the pharmacy
in dispensing or furnishing prescription medications so that the pharmacy may take appropriate
action to prevent a recurrence.
(b) Records generated for and maintained as a component of a pharmacy's ongoing quality
assurance program shall be considered peer review documents and not subject to discovery in any
arbitration, civil, or other proceeding, except as provided hereafter. That privilege shall not
prevent review of a pharmacy's quality assurance program and records maintained as part of that
system by the board as necessary to protect the public health and safety or if fraud is alleged by a
government agency with jurisdiction over the pharmacy. Nothing in this section shall be
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construed to prohibit a patient from accessing his or her own prescription records. Nothing in this
section shall affect the discoverability of any records not solely generated for and maintained as a
component of a pharmacy's ongoing quality assurance program.
(c) This section shall become operative on January 1, 2002.
4126. Covered Entity May Contract With Pharmacy to Provide Pharmacy Services;
Segregation of Drug Stock; Return of Drugs Not Dispensed; Wholesale License Not
Permitted or Required
(a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a covered entity may contract with a pharmacy
to provide pharmacy services to patients of the covered entity, as defined in Section 256b of Title
42 of the United States Code, including dispensing preferentially priced drugs obtained pursuant
to Section 256b of Title 42 of the United States Code. Contracts between those covered entities
and pharmacies shall comply with guidelines published by the Health Resources and Services
Administration and shall be available for inspection by board staff during normal business hours.
(b) Drugs purchased pursuant to Section 256b of Title 42 of the United States Code and received
by a pharmacy shall be segregated from the pharmacy's other drug stock by either physical or
electronic means. All records of acquisition and disposition of these drugs shall be readily
retrievable in a form separate from the pharmacy's other records.
(c) Drugs obtained by a pharmacy to be dispensed to patients of a covered entity pursuant to
Section 256b of Title 42 of the United States Code that cannot be distributed because of a change
in circumstances for the covered entity or the pharmacy shall be returned to the distributor from
which they were obtained. For the purposes of this section, a change in circumstances includes,
but is not limited to, the termination or expiration of the contract between the pharmacy and the
covered entity, the closure of a pharmacy, disciplinary action against the pharmacy, or closure of
the covered entity.
(d) A licensee that participates in a contract to dispense preferentially priced drugs pursuant to
this section shall not have both a pharmacy and a wholesaler license.
(e) Neither a covered entity nor a pharmacy shall be required to obtain a license as a wholesaler
based on acts reasonably necessary to fully participate in the drug purchase program established
by Section 256b of Title 42 of the United States Code.
4126.5. Furnishing Dangerous Drugs by Pharmacy
(a) A pharmacy may furnish dangerous drugs only to the following:
(1) A wholesaler owned or under common control by the wholesaler from whom the dangerous
drug was acquired.
(2) The pharmaceutical manufacturer from whom the dangerous drug was acquired.
(3) A licensed wholesaler acting as a reverse distributor.
(4) Another pharmacy or wholesaler to alleviate a temporary shortage of a dangerous drug that
could result in the denial of health care. A pharmacy furnishing dangerous drugs pursuant to this
paragraph may only furnish a quantity sufficient to alleviate the temporary shortage.
(5) A patient or to another pharmacy pursuant to a prescription or as otherwise authorized by
law.
(6) A health care provider that is not a pharmacy but that is authorized to purchase dangerous
drugs.
(7) To another pharmacy under common control.
(b) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a violation of this section may subject the
person or persons who committed the violation to a fine not to exceed the amount specified in
Section 125.9 for each occurrence pursuant to a citation issued by the board.
(c) Amounts due from any person under this section on or after January 1, 2005, shall be offset
as provided under Section 12419.5 of the Government Code. Amounts received by the board
under this section shall be deposited into the Pharmacy Board Contingent Fund.
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(d) For purposes of this section, "common control" means the power to direct or cause the
direction of the management and policies of another person whether by ownership, by voting
rights, by contract, or by other means.
Article 7.5 Compounded Sterile Drug Products
4127. Board Shall Adopt Regulations Establishing Standards (Effective January 1, 2014, and
Inoperative on July 1, 2014)
(a) The board shall adopt regulations establishing standards for compounding injectable sterile
drug products in a pharmacy.
(b) The board shall adopt emergency regulations in accordance with the Administrative
Procedure Act (Chapter 3.5 (commencing with Section 11340) of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2
of the Government Code) to establish policies, guidelines, and procedures to initially implement
the provisions of this article that become operative on July 1, 2014. The initial adoption,
amendment, or repeal of a regulation authorized by this section is deemed to address an
emergency for purposes of Sections 11346.1 and 11346.6 of the Government Code, and the board
is hereby exempted for that purpose from the requirements of subdivision (b) of Section 11346.1
of the Government Code. After the initial adoption, amendment, or repeal of an emergency
regulation pursuant to this section, the board may request approval from the Office of
Administrative Law to readopt the regulation as an emergency regulation pursuant to Section
11346.1 of the Government Code.
(c) This section shall become inoperative on July 1, 2014, and, as of January 1, 2015, is
repealed, unless a later enacted statute, that becomes operative on or before January 1, 2015,
deletes or extends the dates on which it becomes inoperative and is repealed.
4127. License to Compound Sterile Drug Products Required (Operative on July 1, 2014)
(a) A pharmacy that compounds sterile drug products for injection, administration into the eye,
or inhalation shall possess a sterile compounding pharmacy license as provided in this article.
(b) The board shall adopt regulations in accordance with the Administrative Procedure Act
(Chapter 3.5 (commencing with Section 11340) of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the
Government Code) to establish policies, guidelines, and procedures to implement this article.
(c) The board shall review any formal revision to General Chapter 797 of the United States
Pharmacopeia and The National Formulary (USP–NF), relating to the compounding of sterile
preparations, not later than 90 days after the revision becomes official, to determine whether
amendments are necessary for the regulations adopted by the board pursuant to subdivision (b).
(d) This section shall become operative on July 1, 2014.
4127.1. License to Compound Injectable Sterile Drug Products Required (Effective
January 1, 2014, and Inoperative on July 1, 2014)
(a) A pharmacy shall not compound injectable sterile drug products in this state unless the
pharmacy has obtained a license from the board pursuant to this section. The license shall be
renewed annually and is not transferable.
(b) A license to compound injectable sterile drug products may only be issued for a location that
is licensed as a pharmacy. Furthermore, the license to compound injectable sterile drug products
may only be issued to the owner of the pharmacy license at that location. A license to compound
injectable sterile drug products may not be issued until the location is inspected by the board and
found in compliance with this article and regulations adopted by the board.
(c) A license to compound injectable sterile drug products may not be renewed until the location
has been inspected by the board and found to be in compliance with this article and regulations
adopted by the board.
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(d) Pharmacies operated by entities that are licensed by either the board or the State Department
of Public Health and that have current accreditation from the Joint Commission on Accreditation
of Healthcare Organizations, or other private accreditation agencies approved by the board, are
exempt from the requirement to obtain a license pursuant to this section.
(e) The reconstitution of a sterile powder shall not require a license pursuant to this section if
both of the following requirements are met:
(1) The sterile powder was obtained from a manufacturer.
(2) The drug is reconstituted for administration to patients by a health care professional licensed
to administer drugs by injection pursuant to this division.
(f) This section shall become inoperative on July 1, 2014, and, as of January 1, 2015, is
repealed, unless a later enacted statute, that becomes operative on or before January 1, 2015,
deletes or extends the dates on which it becomes inoperative and is repealed.
4127.1. License to Compound Injectable Sterile Drug Products Required (Operative on
July 1, 2014)
(a) A pharmacy shall not compound sterile drug products unless the pharmacy has obtained a
sterile compounding pharmacy license from the board pursuant to this section. The license shall
be renewed annually and is not transferable.
(b) A license to compound sterile drug products shall be issued only to a location that is licensed
as a pharmacy and shall be issued only to the owner of the pharmacy licensed at that location.
(c) A license to compound sterile drug products shall not be issued or renewed until the location
is inspected by the board and found in compliance with this article and regulations adopted by the
board.
(d) A license to compound sterile drug products shall not be issued or renewed until the board
does all of the following:
(1) Reviews a current copy of the pharmacy’s policies and procedures for sterile compounding.
(2) Reviews the pharmacy’s completed self-assessment form required by Section 1735.2 of
Title 16 of the California Code of Regulations.
(3) Is provided with copies of all inspection reports conducted of the pharmacy’s premises, and
any reports from a private accrediting agency, conducted in the prior 12 months documenting the
pharmacy’s operations.
(4) Receives a list of all sterile medications compounded by the pharmacy since the last license
renewal.
(e) A pharmacy licensed pursuant to this section shall do all of the following:
(1) Provide to the board a copy of any disciplinary or other action taken by another state within
10 days of the action.
(2) Notify the board within 10 days of the suspension of any accreditation held by the pharmacy.
(3) Provide to the board, within 12 hours, any recall notice issued by the pharmacy for sterile
drug products it has compounded.
(f) Adverse effects reported or potentially attributable to a pharmacy’s sterile drug product shall
be reported to the board within 12 hours and immediately reported to the MedWatch program of
the federal Food and Drug Administration.
(g) The reconstitution of a sterile powder shall not require a license pursuant to this section if
both of the following requirements are met:
(1) The sterile powder was obtained from a manufacturer.
(2) The drug is reconstituted for administration to patients by a health care professional licensed
to administer drugs by injection pursuant to this division.
(h) This section shall become operative on July 1, 2014.
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4127.2. Nonresident Pharmacy – License to Compound and Ship Injectable Sterile Drug
Products into California Required (Effective January 1, 2014, and Inoperative on July 1, 2014)
(a) A nonresident pharmacy shall not compound injectable sterile drug products for shipment
into the State of California without a license issued by the board pursuant to this section. The
license shall be renewed annually and shall not be transferable.
(b) A license to compound injectable sterile drug products may only be issued for a location that
is licensed as a nonresident pharmacy. Furthermore, the license to compound injectable sterile
drug products may only be issued to the owner of the nonresident pharmacy license at that
location. A license to compound injectable sterile drug products may not be issued or renewed
until the board receives the following from the nonresident pharmacy:
(1) A copy of an inspection report issued by the pharmacy’s licensing agency, or a report from a
private accrediting agency approved by the board, in the prior 12 months documenting the
pharmacy’s compliance with board regulations regarding the compounding of injectable sterile
drug products.
(2) A copy of the nonresident pharmacy’s proposed policies and procedures for sterile
compounding.
(c) Nonresident pharmacies operated by entities that are licensed as a hospital, home health
agency, or a skilled nursing facility and have current accreditation from the Joint Commission on
Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations, or other private accreditation agencies approved by
the board, are exempt from the requirement to obtain a license pursuant to this section.
(d) On or before January 1, 2018, the board shall provide a report to the Legislature regarding
the regulation of nonresident pharmacies. The report shall be submitted to the Legislature in the
manner required pursuant to Section 9795 of the Government Code. At a minimum, the report
shall address all of the following:
(1) A detailed description of board activities related to the inspection and licensure of
nonresident pharmacies.
(2) The status of proposed changes to federal law that are under serious consideration and that
would govern compounding pharmacies, including legislation pending before the United States
Congress, administrative rules, regulations, or orders under consideration by the federal Food and
Drug Administration or other appropriate federal agency, and cases pending before the courts.
(3) If applicable, recommended modifications to the board’s statutory duties related to
nonresident pharmacies as a result of changes to federal law or any additional modifications
necessary to protect the health and safety of the public.
(e) This section shall become inoperative on July 1, 2014, and, as of January 1, 2015, is
repealed, unless a later enacted statute, that becomes operative on or before January 1, 2015,
deletes or extends the dates on which it becomes inoperative and is repealed.
4127.2. Nonresident Pharmacy – License to Compound and Ship Sterile Drug Products into
California Required (Operative on July 1, 2014)
(a) A nonresident pharmacy shall not compound sterile drug products for shipment into this state
without a sterile compounding pharmacy license issued by the board pursuant to this section. The
license shall be renewed annually and shall not be transferable.
(b) A license to compound sterile drug products shall be issued only to a location that is licensed
as a nonresident pharmacy and shall be issued only to the owner of the nonresident pharmacy
licensed at that location.
(c) A license to compound sterile drug products shall not be issued or renewed until the location
is inspected by the board and found in compliance with this article and any regulations adopted
by the board. The nonresident pharmacy shall reimburse the board for all actual and necessary
costs incurred by the board in conducting an inspection of the pharmacy at least once annually
pursuant to subdivision (v) of Section 4400.
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(d) A license to compound sterile drug products shall not be issued or renewed until the board
does all of the following:
(1) Reviews a current copy of the nonresident pharmacy’s policies and procedures for sterile
compounding.
(2) Reviews the pharmacy’s completed self-assessment form required by Section 1735.2 of
Title 16 of the California Code of Regulations.
(3) Is provided with copies of all inspection reports conducted of the nonresident pharmacy’s
premises, and any reports from a private accrediting agency, conducted in the prior 12 months
documenting the nonresident pharmacy’s operations.
(4) Receives a list of all sterile drug products compounded by the pharmacy within the prior 12
months.
(e) A pharmacy licensed pursuant to this section shall do all of the following:
(1) Provide to the board a copy of any disciplinary or other action taken by its state of residence
or another state within 10 days of the action.
(2) Notify the board within 10 days of the suspension of any accreditation held by the pharmacy.
(3) Provide to the board, within 12 hours, any recall notice issued by the pharmacy for sterile
drug products it has compounded that have been shipped into, or dispensed in, California.
(4) Advise the board of any complaint it receives from a provider, pharmacy, or patient in
California.
(f) Adverse effects reported or potentially attributable to a nonresident pharmacy’s sterile
compounded drug product shall be reported to the board within 12 hours and immediately
reported to the MedWatch program of the federal Food and Drug Administration.
(g) On or before January 1, 2018, the board shall provide a report to the Legislature regarding
the regulation of nonresident pharmacies. The report shall be submitted to the Legislature in the
manner required pursuant to Section 9795 of the Government Code. At a minimum, the report
shall address all of the following:
(1) A detailed description of board activities related to the inspection and licensure of
nonresident pharmacies.
(2) Whether fee revenue collected pursuant to subdivision (v) of Section 4400 and travel cost
reimbursements collected pursuant to subdivision (c) of this section provide revenue in an amount
sufficient to support the board’s activities related to the inspection and licensure of nonresident
pharmacies.
(3) The status of proposed changes to federal law that are under serious consideration and that
would govern compounding pharmacies, including legislation pending before the United States
Congress, administrative rules, regulations, or orders under consideration by the federal Food and
Drug Administration or other appropriate federal agency, and cases pending before the courts.
(4) If applicable, recommended modifications to the board’s statutory duties related to
nonresident pharmacies as a result of changes to federal law or any additional modifications
necessary to protect the health and safety of the public.
(h) The requirement for submitting a report imposed under subdivision (g) is inoperative on
January 1, 2022, pursuant to Section 10231.5 of the Government Code.
(i) This section shall become operative on July 1, 2014.
4127.3. Cease and Desist Order; Hearing
(a) Whenever the board has a reasonable belief, based on information obtained during an
inspection or investigation by the board, that a pharmacy compounding injectable sterile drug
products poses an immediate threat to the public health or safety, the executive officer of the
board may issue an order to the pharmacy to immediately cease and desist from compounding
injectable sterile drug products. The cease and desist order shall remain in effect for no more
than 30 days or the date of a hearing seeking an interim suspension order, whichever is earlier.
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(b) Whenever the board issues a cease and desist order pursuant to subdivision (a), the board
shall immediately issue the owner a notice setting forth the acts or omissions with which the
owner is charged, specifying the pertinent code section or sections.
(c) The order shall provide that the owner, within 15 days of receipt of the notice, may request a
hearing before the president of the board to contest the cease and desist order. Consideration of
the owner's contest of the cease and desist order shall comply with the requirements of Section
11425.10 of the Government Code. The hearing shall be held no later than five days from the
date the request of the owner is received by the board. The president shall render a written
decision within five days of the hearing. In the absence of the president of the board, the vice
president of the board may conduct the hearing permitted by this subdivision. Review of the
decision of the president of the board may be sought by the owner or person in possession or
control of the pharmacy pursuant to Section 1094.5 of the Code of Civil Procedure.
(d) Failure to comply with a cease and desist order issued pursuant to this section shall be
unprofessional conduct.
4127.4. Fine for Violation
Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a violation of this article, or regulations adopted
pursuant thereto, may subject the person or entity that committed the violation to a fine of up to
two thousand five hundred dollars ($2,500) per occurrence pursuant to a citation issued by the
board.
4127.5. Fee
This section is repealed.
4127.6. Article Operative Upon Allocation of Positions
This article shall become operative upon the allocation of positions to the board for the
implementation of the provisions of this article in the annual Budget Act.
4127.7. Compounding Sterile Injectables from Nonsterile Ingredients; Requirements
On and after July 1, 2005, a pharmacy shall compound sterile injectable products from one or
more nonsterile ingredients in one of the following environments:
(a) An ISO class 5 laminar airflow hood within an ISO class cleanroom. The cleanroom must
have a positive air pressure differential relative to adjacent areas.
(b) An ISO class 5 cleanroom.
(c) A barrier isolator that provides an ISO class 5 environment for compounding.
4127.8. Temporary License to Compound Injectables
The board may, at its discretion, issue a temporary license to compound injectable sterile drug
products, when the ownership of a pharmacy that is licensed to compound injectable sterile drug
products is transferred from one person to another, upon the conditions and for any periods of
time as the board determines to be in the public interest. A temporary license fee shall be required
in an amount established by the board as specified in subdivision (u) of Section 4400. When
needed to protect public safety, a temporary license may be issued for a period not to exceed 180
days, and may be issued subject to terms and conditions the board deems necessary. If the board
determines a temporary license was issued by mistake or denies the application for a permanent
license, the temporary license shall terminate upon either personal service of the notice of
termination upon the licenseholder or service by certified mail, return receipt requested at the
licenseholder's address of record with the board, whichever comes first. Neither for purposes of
retaining a temporary license nor for purposes of any disciplinary or license denial proceeding
before the board shall the temporary licenseholder be deemed to have a vested property right or
interest in the license.
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4127.9. Pharmacies That Compound Sterile Drug Products; Recalls; Requirements
(a) A pharmacy licensed pursuant to Section 4127.1 or 4127.2, including a pharmacy that is
exempt from licensure pursuant to subdivision (d) of Section 4127.1 and subdivision (c) of
Section 4127.2, that issues a recall notice regarding a sterile compounded drug shall, in addition
to any other duties, contact the recipient pharmacy, prescriber, or patient of the recalled drug and
the board as soon as possible within 12 hours of the recall notice if both of the following apply:
(1) Use of or exposure to the recalled drug may cause serious adverse health consequences or
death.
(2) The recalled drug was dispensed, or is intended for use, in this state.
(b) A recall notice issued pursuant to subdivision (a) shall be made as follows:
(1) If the recalled drug was dispensed directly to the patient, the notice shall be made to the
patient.
(2) If the recalled drug was dispensed directly to the prescriber, the notice shall be made to the
prescriber, who shall ensure the patient is notified.
(3) If the recalled drug was dispensed directly to a pharmacy, the notice shall be made to the
pharmacy, who shall notify the prescriber or patient, as appropriate. If the pharmacy notifies the
prescriber, the prescriber shall ensure the patient is notified.
Article 7.6. Centralized Hospital Packaging Pharmacy
4128. Centralized Hospital Packaging
(a) Notwithstanding Section 4029, a centralized hospital packaging pharmacy may prepare
medications, by performing the following specialized functions, for administration only to
inpatients within its own general acute care hospital and one or more general acute care hospitals
if the hospitals are under common ownership and located within a 75-mile radius of each other:
(1) Preparing unit dose packages for single administration to inpatients from bulk containers, if
each unit dose package is barcoded to contain at least the information required by Section 4128.4.
(2) Preparing compounded unit dose drugs for parenteral therapy for administration to
inpatients, if each compounded unit dose drug is barcoded to contain at least the information
required by Section 4128.4.
(3) Preparing compounded unit dose drugs for administration to inpatients, if each unit dose
package is barcoded to contain at least the information required by Section 4128.4.
(b) For purposes of this article, "common ownership" means that the ownership information on
file with the board pursuant to Section 4201 for the licensed pharmacy is consistent with the
ownership information on file with the board for the other licensed pharmacy or pharmacies for
purposes of preparing medications pursuant to this section.
4128.2. Specialty License Required; Application; Fees
(a) In addition to the pharmacy license requirement described in Section 4110, a centralized
hospital packaging pharmacy shall obtain a specialty license from the board prior to engaging in
the functions described in Section 4128.
(b) An applicant seeking a specialty license pursuant to this article shall apply to the board on
forms established by the board.
(c) Before issuing the specialty license, the board shall inspect the pharmacy and ensure that the
pharmacy is in compliance with this article and regulations established by the board.
(d) A license to perform the functions described in Section 4128 may only be issued to a
pharmacy that is licensed by the board as a hospital pharmacy.
(e) A license issued pursuant to this article shall be renewed annually and is not transferrable.
(f) An applicant seeking renewal of a specialty license shall apply to the board on forms
established by the board.
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(g) A license to perform the functions described in Section 4128 shall not be renewed until the
pharmacy has been inspected by the board and found to be in compliance with this article and
regulations established by the board.
(h) The fee for issuance or annual renewal of a centralized hospital packaging pharmacy license
shall be six hundred dollars ($600) and may be increased by the board to eight hundred dollars
($800).
4128.3. Preparing and Storing Limited Quantity of Unit Dose Drugs in Advance of a
Patient-Specific Prescription
A centralized hospital packaging pharmacy may prepare and store a limited quantity of the unit
dose drugs authorized by Section 4128 in advance of receipt of a patient-specific prescription in a
quantity as is necessary to ensure continuity of care for an identified population of inpatients of
the general acute care hospital based on a documented history of prescriptions for that patient
population.
4128.4. Barcode Required; Information Retrievable Upon Reading Barcode
Any unit dose medication produced by a centralized hospital packaging pharmacy shall be
barcoded to be readable at the inpatient's bedside. Upon reading the barcode, the following
information shall be retrievable:
(a) The date the medication was prepared.
(b) The components used in the drug product.
(c) The lot number or control number.
(d) The expiration date.
(e) The National Drug Code Directory number.
(f) The name of the centralized hospital packaging pharmacy.
4128.5. Labeling for Unit Dose Medications
The label for each unit dose medication produced by a centralized hospital packaging pharmacy
shall contain all of the following:
(a) The expiration date.
(b) The established name of the drug.
(c) The quantity of the active ingredient.
(d) Special storage or handling requirements.
4128.6. Compounding
All compounding and packaging functions specified in Section 4128 shall be performed only in
the licensed centralized hospital packaging pharmacy and that pharmacy shall comply with all
applicable federal and state statutes and regulations, including, but not limited to, regulations
regarding compounding and, when appropriate, sterile injectable compounding.
4128.7. Integrity, Potency, Quality and Labeled Strength of Unit Dose Drug Products
A centralized hospital packaging pharmacy and the pharmacists working in the pharmacy shall
be responsible for the integrity, potency, quality, and labeled strength of any unit dose drug
product prepared by the centralized hospital packaging pharmacy.
Article 9. Hypodermic Needles and Syringes
4141. Furnishing without License
No person shall furnish hypodermic needles or syringes, by sale or otherwise, without a license
issued by the board, except as otherwise provided by this article.
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4142. Prescription Required
Except as otherwise provided by this article, no hypodermic needle or syringe shall be sold at
retail except upon the prescription of a physician, dentist, veterinarian, podiatrist, or naturopathic
doctor pursuant to Section 3640.7.
4143. Exemption: Sale to Other Entity, Physician, etc.
This article shall not apply to the sale of hypodermic syringes and needles at wholesale by
pharmacies, drug wholesalers, drug manufacturers or manufacturers and dealers in surgical
instruments to pharmacies, physicians, dentists, podiatrists, veterinarians, or persons to whom a
license has been issued under this article.
4144. Industrial Use: Exception
(a) A person may sell or obtain hypodermic needles and hypodermic syringes without a
prescription or permit, for uses that the board determines are industrial, and that person shall not
be required to comply with Section 4145 or 4146.
(b) This section shall be inoperative until January 1, 2015
4144.5. Industrial Use: Exception
(a) A person may sell or obtain hypodermic needles and hypodermic syringes without a
prescription or permit, for uses that the board determines are industrial, and that person shall not
be required to comply with Section 4145.5 or 4146.
(b) This section shall remain in effect only until January 1, 2015, and as of that date is repealed,
unless a later enacted statute, that is enacted before January 1, 2015, deletes or extends that date.
4145. Conditions for Furnishing Hypodermic and Syringes for Human Use and Specified
Animal Use without a Prescription
(a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a pharmacist or physician may, without a
prescription or a permit, furnish hypodermic needles and syringes for human use, and a person
may, without a prescription or license, obtain hypodermic needles and syringes from a pharmacist
or physician for human use, if one of the following requirements is met:
(1) The person is known to the furnisher and the furnisher has previously been provided a
prescription or other proof of a legitimate medical need requiring a hypodermic needle or syringe
to administer a medicine or treatment.
(2) Pursuant to authorization by a county, with respect to all of the territory within the county,
or a city, with respect to the territory within the city, for the period commencing January 1, 2005,
and ending December 31, 2018, a pharmacist may furnish or sell 10 or fewer hypodermic needles
or syringes at any one time to a person 18 years of age or older if the pharmacist works for a
pharmacy that is registered for the Disease Prevention Demonstration Project pursuant to Chapter
13.5 (commencing with Section 121285) of Part 4 of Division 105 of the Health and Safety Code
and the pharmacy complies with the provisions of that chapter.
(b) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a pharmacist, veterinarian, or person licensed
pursuant to Section 4141 may, without a prescription or license, furnish hypodermic needles and
syringes for use on animals, and a person may, without a prescription or license, obtain
hypodermic needles and syringes from a pharmacist, veterinarian, or person licensed pursuant to
Section 4141 for use on animals, providing that no needle or syringe shall be furnished to a
person who is unknown to the furnisher and unable to properly establish his or her identity.
(c) This section shall be inoperative until January 1, 2015.
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4145.5. Hypodermic Needles and Syringes for Human Use and Specified Animal Use
without a Prescription; Prevention of Bloodborne Diseases; Number of Hypodermic
Needles and Syringes Allowed
(a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a pharmacist or physician may, without a
prescription or a permit, furnish hypodermic needles and syringes for human use, and a person
may, without a prescription or license, obtain hypodermic needles and syringes from a pharmacist
or physician for human use, if the person is known to the furnisher and the furnisher has
previously been provided a prescription or other proof of a legitimate medical need requiring a
hypodermic needle or syringe to administer a medicine or treatment.
(b) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, as a public health measure intended to prevent
the transmission of HIV, viral hepatitis, and other bloodborne diseases among persons who use
syringes and hypodermic needles, and to prevent subsequent infection of sexual partners,
newborn children, or other persons, a physician or pharmacist may, without a prescription or a
permit, furnish 30 or fewer hypodermic needles and syringes for human use to a person 18 years
of age or older, and a person 18 years of age or older may, without a prescription or license,
obtain 30 or fewer hypodermic needles and syringes solely for personal use from a physician or
pharmacist.
(c) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a pharmacist, veterinarian, or person licensed
pursuant to Section 4141 may, without a prescription or license, furnish hypodermic needles and
syringes for use on animals, and a person may, without a prescription or license, obtain
hypodermic needles and syringes from a pharmacist, veterinarian, or person licensed pursuant to
Section 4141 for use on animals, providing that no needle or syringe shall be furnished to a
person who is unknown to the furnisher and unable to properly establish his or her identity.
(d) A pharmacy that furnishes nonprescription hypodermic needles and syringes shall store
hypodermic needles and syringes in a manner that ensures that they are available only to
authorized personnel, and are not accessible to other persons.
(e) In order to provide for the safe disposal of hypodermic needles and syringes, a pharmacy or
hypodermic needle and syringe exchange program that furnishes nonprescription hypodermic
needles and syringes shall provide consumers with one or more of the following disposal options:
(1) It shall establish an onsite, safe, hypodermic needle and syringe collection and disposal
program that meets applicable state and federal standards for collection and disposal of medical
sharps waste.
(2) It shall furnish, or make available, mail-back sharps containers authorized by the United
States Postal Service that meet applicable state and federal requirements for the transport of
medical sharps waste, and shall provide tracking forms to verify destruction at a certified disposal
facility.
(3) It shall furnish, or make available, a sharps container that meets applicable state and federal
standards for collection and disposal of medical sharps waste.
(f) A pharmacy that furnishes nonprescription syringes shall provide written information or
verbal counseling to consumers at the time of furnishing or sale of nonprescription hypodermic
needles or syringes on how to do the following:
(1) Access drug treatment.
(2) Access testing and treatment for HIV and hepatitis C.
(3) Safely dispose of sharps waste.
(g) This section shall remain in effect only until January 1, 2015, and as of that date is repealed,
unless a later enacted statute, that is enacted before January 1, 2015, deletes or extends that date.
4146. Needle/Syringe Return in Sharps Container
A pharmacy may accept the return of needles and syringes from the public if contained in a
sharps container, as defined in Section 117750 of the Health and Safety Code.
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4147. Disposal of Needle or Syringe
(a) For the purposes of this section, "playground" means any park or outdoor recreational area
specifically designed to be used by children that has play equipment installed or any similar
facility located on public or private school grounds or county parks.
(b) Any hypodermic needle or syringe that is to be disposed of, shall be contained, treated, and
disposed of, pursuant to Part 14 (commencing with Section 117600) of Division 104 of the Health
and Safety Code.
(c) It is unlawful to discard or dispose of a hypodermic needle or syringe upon the grounds of a
playground, beach, park, or any public or private elementary, vocational, junior high, or high
school.
(d) A person who knowingly violates subdivision (c) is guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon
conviction shall be punished by a fine of not less than two hundred dollars ($200) and not more
than two thousand dollars ($2,000), or by imprisonment in a county jail for up to six months, or
by both that fine and imprisonment.
(e) Subdivision (c) does not apply to the containment, treatment, and disposal of medical sharps
waste from medical care or first aid services rendered on school grounds, nor to the containment,
treatment, and disposal of hypodermic needles or syringes used for instructional or educational
purposes on school grounds.
4148. Confiscation if Found Outside Licensed Premises
(a) All stocks of hypodermic needles or syringes shall be confiscated if found outside the
licensed premises of any person holding a permit under Section 4141 and found not in the
possession or under the control of a person entitled to an exemption under Section 4143, 4144, or
4145.
(b) This section shall be inoperative until January 1, 2015.
4148.5. Hypodermic Needles and Syringes for Human Use and Specified Animal Use
without a Prescription; Prevention of Bloodborne Diseases; Number of Hypodermic
Needles and Syringes Allowed
(a) All stocks of hypodermic needles or syringes shall be confiscated if found outside the
licensed premises of any person holding a permit under Section 4141 and found not in the
possession or under the control of a person entitled to an exemption under Section 4143, 4144, or
4145.5, or under Section 11364.5, 121349, or 121349.1 of the Health and Safety Code.
(b) This section shall remain in effect only until January 1, 2015, and as of that date is repealed,
unless a later enacted statute, that is enacted before January 1, 2015, deletes or extends that date.
4149. License Required for Nonresident Distributor of Needles or Syringes
(a) A nonresident distributor shall not sell or distribute hypodermic needles or syringes in this
state without obtaining a license from the board pursuant to Section 4141.
(b) Notwithstanding subdivision (a), no license shall be required if the nonresident distributor
sells or distributes solely through a person who is licensed as a wholesaler pursuant to Section
4160.
(c) The Legislature, by enacting this section, does not intend a license issued to any nonresident
distributor pursuant to this article to serve as evidence that the entity is doing business within this
state.
4149.5 Local Authorizations Inoperative Until January 1, 2015, Unless Other Agencies
Remove Authorization
(a) Local authorizations related to Sections 4144, 4145, and 4148 of this code and Sections
11364 and 121285 of the Health and Safety Code shall be inoperative until January 1, 2015.
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(b) Local authorizations related to Sections 4144, 4145, and 4148 of this code and Sections
11364 and 121285 of the Health and Safety Code shall again become operative on January 1,
2015, unless the city, county, or city and county acts to remove the authorization.
Article 10. Pharmacy Corporations
4150. Definitions
(a) A pharmacy corporation means a corporation that is authorized to render professional
services, as defined in Section 13401 of the Corporations Code, so long as that corporation and its
shareholders, officers, directors, and employees rendering professional services who are
pharmacists are in compliance with the Moscone-Knox Professional Corporation Act, this article,
and all other statutes and regulations now or hereafter enacted or adopted pertaining to the
corporation and the conduct of its affairs.
(b) With respect to a pharmacy corporation, the governmental agency referred to in the
Moscone-Knox Professional Corporation Act is the Board of Pharmacy of the State of California.
4151. Licensure Requirements
Each shareholder, director, and officer of a pharmacy corporation, except an assistant secretary
and an assistant treasurer, shall be a licensed person as defined in Section 13401 of the
Corporations Code.
4152. Corporate Name Requirements
The name of a pharmacy corporation and any name or names under which it may render
professional services shall contain the word "pharmacist," "pharmacy," or "pharmaceutical" and
wording or abbreviations denoting corporate existence.
4153. Shareholder Income While Disqualified
The income of a pharmacy corporation attributable to professional services rendered while a
shareholder is a disqualified person, as defined in Section 13401 of the Corporations Code, shall
not in any manner accrue to the benefit of the shareholder or his or her shares in the pharmacy
corporation.
4154. Regulations Authorized
The board may adopt and enforce regulations to carry out the purposes and objectives of this
article, including regulations requiring (a) that the bylaws of a pharmacy corporation shall include
a provision whereby the capital stock of the corporation owned by a disqualified person, as
defined in Section 13401 of the Corporations Code, or a deceased person, shall be sold to the
corporation or to the remaining shareholders of the corporation within the time as the regulations
may provide, and (b) that a pharmacy corporation shall provide adequate security by insurance or
otherwise for claims against it by its patients or clients arising out of the rendering of professional
services.
4155. Corporate Form Not Required
Nothing in this article shall be construed as requiring the applicant or holder of a pharmacy
permit pursuant to Section 4110 to be a pharmacy corporation.
4156. Unprofessional Conduct by Corporation
A pharmacy corporation shall not do, or fail to do, any act where doing or failing to do the act
would constitute unprofessional conduct under any statute or regulation. In the conduct of its
practice, a pharmacy corporation shall observe and be bound by the laws and regulations that
apply to a person licensed under this chapter.
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Article 11. Wholesalers and Manufacturers
4160. Wholesaler: License Required
(a) A person may not act as a wholesaler of any dangerous drug or dangerous device unless he
or she has obtained a license from the board.
(b) Upon approval by the board and the payment of the required fee, the board shall issue a
license to the applicant.
(c) A separate license shall be required for each place of business owned or operated by a
wholesaler. Each license shall be renewed annually and shall not be transferable.
(d) Every wholesaler shall be supervised or managed by a designated representative-in-charge.
The designated representative shall be responsible for the wholesaler's compliance with state and
federal laws governing wholesalers. As part of its initial application for a license, and for each
renewal, each wholesaler shall, on a form designed by the board, provide identifying information
and the California license number for a designated representative or pharmacist proposed to serve
as the designated representative–in-charge. The proposed designated representative-in-charge
shall be subject to approval by the board. The board shall not issue or renew a wholesaler license
without identification of an approved designated representative-in-charge for the wholesaler.
(e) Every wholesaler shall notify the board in writing, on a form designed by the board, within
30 days of the date when a designated representative-in-charge ceases to act as the designated
representative-in-charge, and shall on the same form propose another designated representative or
pharmacist to take over as the designated representative-in-charge. The proposed replacement
designated representative-in-charge shall be subject to approval by the board. If disapproved, the
wholesaler shall propose another replacement within 15 days of the date of disapproval, and shall
continue to name proposed replacements until a designated representative-in-charge is approved
by the board.
(f) A drug manufacturer premises licensed by the Food and Drug Administration or licensed
pursuant to Section 111615 of the Health and Safety Code that only distributes dangerous drugs
and dangerous devices of its own manufacture is exempt from this section and Section 4161.
(g) The board may issue a temporary license, upon conditions and for periods of time as the
board determines to be in the public interest. A temporary license fee shall be shall be required in
an amount established by the board as specified in subdivision (f) of Section 4400. When needed
to protect public safety, a temporary license may be issued for a period not to exceed 180 days,
subject to terms and conditions that the board deems necessary. If the board determines that a
temporary license was issued by mistake or denies the application for a permanent license, the
temporary license shall terminate upon either personal service of the notice of termination upon
the licenseholder or service by certified mail, return receipt requested, at the licenseholder's
address of record with the board, whichever occurs first. Neither for purposes of retaining a
temporary license, nor for purposes of any disciplinary or license denial proceeding before the
board, shall the temporary licenseholder be deemed to have a vested property right or interest in
the license.
4161. Nonresident Wholesaler; Requirements
(a) A person located outside this state that (1) ships, sells, mails, or delivers dangerous drugs or
dangerous devices into this state or (2) sells, brokers, or distributes dangerous drugs or devices
within this state shall be considered a nonresident wholesaler.
(b) A nonresident wholesaler shall be licensed by the board prior to shipping, selling, mailing, or
delivering dangerous drugs or dangerous devices to a site located in this state or selling,
brokering, or distributing dangerous drugs or devices within this state.
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(c) A separate license shall be required for each place of business owned or operated by a
nonresident wholesaler from or through which dangerous drugs or dangerous devices are shipped,
sold, mailed, or delivered to a site located in this state or sold, brokered, or distributed within this
state. A license shall be renewed annually and shall not be transferable.
(d) The following information shall be reported, in writing, to the board at the time of initial
application for licensure by a nonresident wholesaler, on renewal of a nonresident wholesaler
license, or within 30 days of a change in that information:
(1) Its agent for service of process in this state.
(2) Its principal corporate officers, as specified by the board, if any.
(3) Its general partners, as specified by the board, if any.
(4) Its owners if the applicant is not a corporation or partnership.
(e) A report containing the information in subdivision (d) shall be made within 30 days of any
change of ownership, office, corporate officer, or partner.
(f) A nonresident wholesaler shall comply with all directions and requests for information from
the regulatory or licensing agency of the state in which it is licensed, as well as with all requests
for information made by the board.
(g) A nonresident wholesaler shall maintain records of dangerous drugs and dangerous devices
sold, traded, or transferred to persons in this state or within this state, so that the records are in a
readily retrievable form.
(h) A nonresident wholesaler shall at all times maintain a valid, unexpired license, permit, or
registration to conduct the business of the wholesaler in compliance with the laws of the state in
which it is a resident. An application for a nonresident wholesaler license in this state shall
include a license verification from the licensing authority in the applicant's state of residence.
(i) The board may not issue or renew a nonresident wholesaler license until the nonresident
wholesaler identifies a designated representative-in-charge and notifies the board in writing of the
identity and license number of the designated representative-in-charge.
(j) The designated representative-in-charge shall be responsible for the nonresident wholesaler's
compliance with state and federal laws governing wholesalers. A nonresident wholesaler shall
identify and notify the board of a new designated representative-in-charge within 30 days of the
date that the prior designated representative-in-charge ceases to be the designated representative­
in-charge.
(k) The board may issue a temporary license, upon conditions and for periods of time as the
board determines to be in the public interest. A temporary license fee shall be five hundred fifty
dollars ($550) or another amount established by the board not to exceed the annual fee for
renewal of a license to compound injectable sterile drug products. When needed to protect public
safety, a temporary license may be issued for a period not to exceed 180 days, subject to terms
and conditions that the board deems necessary. If the board determines that a temporary license
was issued by mistake or denies the application for a permanent license, the temporary license
shall terminate upon either personal service of the notice of termination upon the licenseholder or
service by certified mail, return receipt requested, at the licenseholder's address of record with the
board, whichever occurs first. Neither for purposes of retaining a temporary license, nor for
purposes of any disciplinary or license denial proceeding before the board, shall the temporary
licenseholder be deemed to have a vested property right or interest in the license.
(l) The registration fee shall be the fee specified in subdivision (f) of Section 4400.
4162. Wholesaler License Surety Bond Requirements
(a) (1) An applicant, that is not a government owned and operated wholesaler, for the issuance
or renewal of a wholesaler license shall submit a surety bond of one hundred thousand dollars
($100,000) or other equivalent means of security acceptable to the board payable to the Pharmacy
Board Contingent Fund. The purpose of the surety bond is to secure payment of any
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administrative fine imposed by the board and any cost recovery ordered pursuant to Section
125.3.
(2) For purposes of paragraph (1), the board may accept a surety bond less than one hundred
thousand dollars ($100,000) if the annual gross receipts of the previous tax year for the
wholesaler is ten million dollars ($10,000,000) or less, in which case the surety bond shall be
twenty-five thousand dollars ($25,000).
(3) A person to whom an approved new drug application has been issued by the United States
Food and Drug Administration who engages in the wholesale distribution of only the dangerous
drug specified in the new drug application, and is licensed or applies for licensure as a
wholesaler, shall not be required to post a surety bond as provided in paragraph (1).
(4) For licensees subject to paragraph (2) or (3), the board may require a bond up to one
hundred thousand dollars ($100,000) for any licensee who has been disciplined by any state or
federal agency or has been issued an administrative fine pursuant to this chapter.
(b) The board may make a claim against the bond if the licensee fails to pay a fine within 30
days after the order imposing the fine, or costs become final.
(c) A single surety bond or other equivalent means of security acceptable to the board shall
satisfy the requirement of subdivision (a) for all licensed sites under common control as defined
in Section 4126.5.
4162.5. Issuance or Renewal of Nonresident Wholesaler License; Surety Bond [Repeals 1-12015]
(a) (1) An applicant for the issuance or renewal of a nonresident wholesaler license shall submit
a surety bond of one hundred thousand dollars ($100,000), or other equivalent means of security
acceptable to the board, such as an irrevocable letter of credit, or a deposit in a trust account or
financial institution, payable to the Pharmacy Board Contingent Fund. The purpose of the surety
bond is to secure payment of any administrative fine imposed by the board and any cost recovery
ordered pursuant to Section 125.3.
(2) For purposes of paragraph (1), the board may accept a surety bond less than one hundred
thousand dollars ($100,000) if the annual gross receipts of the previous tax year for the
nonresident wholesaler is ten million dollars ($10,000,000) or less in which the surety bond shall
be twenty-five thousand dollars ($25,000).
(3) For applicants who satisfy paragraph (2), the board may require a bond up to one hundred
thousand dollars ($100,000) for any nonresident wholesaler who has been disciplined by any state
or federal agency or has been issued an administrative fine pursuant to this chapter.
(4) A person to whom an approved new drug application or a biologics license application has
been issued by the United States Food and Drug Administration who engages in the wholesale
distribution of only the dangerous drug specified in the new drug application or biologics license
application, and is licensed or applies for licensure as a nonresident wholesaler, shall not be
required to post a surety bond as provided in this section.
(b) The board may make a claim against the bond if the licensee fails to pay a fine within 30
days of the issuance of the fine or when the costs become final.
(c) A single surety bond or other equivalent means of security acceptable to the board shall
satisfy the requirement of subdivision (a) for all licensed sites under common control as defined
in Section 4126.5.
4163. Unauthorized Furnishing by Manufacturer or Wholesaler
(a) A manufacturer, wholesaler, repackager, or pharmacy may not furnish a dangerous drug or
dangerous device to an unauthorized person.
(b) Dangerous drugs or dangerous devices shall be acquired from a person authorized by law to
possess or furnish dangerous drugs or dangerous devices. When the person acquiring the
dangerous drugs or dangerous devices is a wholesaler, the obligation of the wholesaler shall be
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limited to obtaining confirmation of licensure of those sources from whom it has not previously
acquired dangerous drugs or dangerous devices.
(c) Except as otherwise provided in Section 4163.5, commencing on July 1, 2016, a wholesaler
or repackager may not sell, trade, or transfer a dangerous drug at wholesale without providing a
pedigree.
(d) Except as otherwise provided in Section 4163.5, commencing on July 1, 2016, a wholesaler
or repackager may not acquire a dangerous drug without receiving a pedigree.
(e) Except as otherwise provided in Section 4163.5, commencing on July 1, 2017, a pharmacy
may not sell, trade, or transfer a dangerous drug at wholesale without providing a pedigree.
(f) Except as otherwise provided in Section 4163.5, commencing on July 1, 2017, a pharmacy
may not acquire a dangerous drug without receiving a pedigree.
(g) Except as otherwise provided in Section 4163.5, commencing on July 1, 2017, a pharmacy
warehouse may not acquire a dangerous drug without receiving a pedigree. For purposes of this
section and Section 4034, a "pharmacy warehouse" means a physical location licensed as a
wholesaler for prescription drugs that acts as a central warehouse and performs intracompany
sales or transfers of those drugs to a group of pharmacies under common ownership and control.
4163.1. Legislative Intent on Pedigree Requirements [A second like-numbered section
follows]
It is the intent of the Legislature that commencing on January 1, 2007, and continuing through the
full implementation of the pedigree requirements specified by Section 4163, manufacturers and
wholesalers shall use best efforts to provide in the most readily accessible form possible,
information regarding the manufacturer's specific relationships in the distribution of dangerous
drugs with wholesalers.
4163.1. Drop Shipment by Manufacturer
(a) For purposes of Sections 4034 and 4163, "drop shipment" means a sale of a dangerous drug
by the manufacturer of the dangerous drug whereby all of the following occur:
(1) The pharmacy, or other person authorized by law to dispense or administer the drug,
receives delivery of the dangerous drug directly from the manufacturer.
(2) The wholesale distributor takes ownership of, but not physical possession of, the dangerous
drug.
(3) The wholesale distributor invoices the pharmacy or other person authorized by law to
dispense or administer the drug in place of the manufacturer.
(b) The board may develop regulations to establish an alternative process to convey the pedigree
information required in Section 4034 for dangerous drugs that are sold by drop shipment.
4163.2. Pedigree; Grandfathering
(a) (1) A manufacturer, wholesaler, or pharmacy lawfully possessing or owning dangerous drugs
manufactured or distributed prior to the operative date of the pedigree requirements, specified in
Sections 4034 and 4163, may designate these dangerous drugs as not subject to the pedigree
requirements by preparing a written declaration made under penalty of perjury that lists those
dangerous drugs.
(2) The written declaration shall include the National Drug Code Directory lot number for each
dangerous drug designated. The written declaration shall be submitted to and received by the
board no later than 30 days after the operative date of the pedigree requirements. The entity or
person submitting the written declaration shall also retain for a period of three years and make
available for inspection by the board a copy of each written declaration submitted.
(3) The board may, by regulation, further specify the requirements and procedures for the
creation and submission of these written declarations. Information contained in these declarations
shall be considered trade secrets and kept confidential by the board.
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(b) Any dangerous drugs designated on a written declaration timely created and submitted to the
board may be purchased, sold, acquired, returned, or otherwise transferred without meeting the
pedigree requirements, if the transfer complies with the other requirements of this chapter.
4163.3. Pedigree Inference Standards
(a) It is the intent of the Legislature that participants in the distribution chain for dangerous
drugs, including manufacturers, wholesalers, or pharmacies furnishing, administering, or
dispensing dangerous drugs, distribute and receive electronic pedigrees, and verify and validate
the delivery and receipt of dangerous drugs against those pedigrees at the unit level, in a manner
that maintains the integrity of the pedigree system without an unacceptable increase in the risk of
diversion or counterfeiting.
(b) To meet this goal, and to facilitate efficiency and safety in the distribution chain, the board
shall, by regulation, define the circumstances under which participants in the distribution chain
may infer the contents of a case, pallet, or other aggregate of individual units, packages, or
containers of dangerous drugs, from a unique identifier associated with the case, pallet, or other
aggregate, without opening each case, pallet, or other aggregate or otherwise individually
validating each unit.
(c) Manufacturers, wholesalers, and pharmacies opting to employ the use of inference as
authorized by the board to comply with the pedigree requirements shall document their processes
and procedures in their standard operating procedures (SOPs) and shall make those SOPs
available for board review.
(d) SOPs regarding inference shall include a process for statistically sampling the accuracy of
information sent with inbound product.
(e) Liability associated with accuracy of product information and pedigree using inference shall
be specified in the board's regulations.
4163.4. Holding Legal Title on Pedigree Requirement Effective Date
(a) All units of dangerous drug in the possession of a wholesaler or pharmacy, for which the
manufacturer does not hold legal title on the effective date of the pedigree requirement set forth in
Section 4163.5, shall not be subject to the pedigree requirements set forth in Sections 4034 and
4163. However, if any units of those drugs are subsequently returned to the manufacturer, they
shall be subject to the pedigree requirements if the manufacturer distributes those units in
California.
(b) All units of dangerous drug manufactured in California but distributed outside the state for
dispensing outside the state shall not be subject to the pedigree requirements set forth in Sections
4034 and 4163 at either the time of initial distribution or in the event that any of those units are
subsequently returned to the manufacturer.
4163.5. Pedigree Requirement Implementation Date
(a) The Legislature hereby finds and declares that:
(1) The electronic pedigree system required by Sections 4034 and 4163 will provide
tremendous benefits to the public and to all participants in the distribution chain. Those benefits
should be made available as quickly as possible through the full cooperation of prescription drug
supply chain participants. To this end, all drug manufacturers and repackagers are strongly
encouraged to serialize drug products and initiate electronic pedigrees as soon as possible, and all
participants in the supply chain are encouraged to immediately ready themselves to receive and
pass electronic pedigrees.
(2) At the same time, it is recognized that the process of implementing serialized electronic
pedigree for all prescription drugs in the entire chain of distribution is a complicated
technological and logistical undertaking for manufacturers, wholesalers, repackagers, pharmacies,
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and other supply chain participants. The Legislature seeks to ensure continued availability of
prescription drugs in California while participants implement these requirements.
(b) Before January 1, 2015, each manufacturer of a dangerous drug distributed in California
shall designate those dangerous drugs representing a minimum of 50 percent of its drugs, generic
or single source, distributed in California, for which it is listed as the manufacturer by the federal
Food and Drug Administration, which shall be the subject of its initial phase of compliance with
the January 1, 2015, deadline of the state's serialized electronic pedigree requirements set forth in
Sections 4034 and 4163. Each manufacturer shall notify the Board of Pharmacy of the drugs so
designated and the measure or measures used in designating its drugs to be serialized, and shall
include in the notification the technology to be used to meet the serialized electronic pedigree
requirements. The notification process for these specific actions may be specified by the board.
(c) Before January 1, 2016, each manufacturer of a dangerous drug distributed in California
shall designate the final 50 percent of its drugs, generic or single source, distributed in California
for which it is listed as the manufacturer by the federal Food and Drug Administration that are
subject to the state's serialized electronic pedigree requirements set forth in Sections 4034 and
4163, which shall comply with the state's serialized electronic pedigree requirement by January 1,
2016. Each manufacturer shall notify the Board of Pharmacy of the drugs so designated and the
measure or measures used in designating its drugs to be serialized, and shall include in the
notification the technology to be used to meet the serialized electronic pedigree requirements. The
notification process for these specific actions may be specified by the board.
(d) For purposes of designating drugs to be serialized as required by subdivisions (b) and (c),
manufacturers shall select from any of the following measures:
(1) Unit volume.
(2) Product package (SKU) type.
(3) Drug product family.
(e) Drugs not subject to compliance with the pedigree requirements set forth in Sections 4034
and 4163 under this section shall not be subject to the provisions of subdivisions (c), (d), (e), and
(f) of Section 4163.
4164. Reports Required
(a) A wholesaler licensed by the board that distributes controlled substances, dangerous drugs,
or dangerous devices within or into this state shall report to the board all sales of dangerous drugs
and controlled substances that are subject to abuse, as determined by the board.
(b) Each wholesaler shall develop and maintain a system for tracking individual sales of
dangerous drugs at preferential or contract prices to pharmacies that primarily or solely dispense
prescription drugs to patients of long-term care facilities. The system shall be capable of
identifying purchases of any dangerous drug at preferential or contract prices by customers that
vary significantly from prior ordering patterns for the same customer, including by identifying
purchases in the preceding 12 calendar months by that customer or similar customers and
identifying current purchases that exceed prior purchases by either that customer or similar
customers by a factor of 20 percent. Each wholesaler shall have the tracking system required by
this subdivision in place no later than January 1, 2006.
(c) Upon written, oral, or electronic request by the board, a wholesaler shall furnish data tracked
pursuant to subdivision (b) to the board in written, hardcopy, or electronic form. The board shall
specify the dangerous drugs, the customers, or both the dangerous drugs and customers for which
data are to be furnished, and the wholesaler shall have 30 calendar days to comply with the
request.
(d) As used in this section, "preferential or contract prices" means and refers to purchases by
contract of dangerous drugs at prices below the market wholesale price for those drugs.
(e) This section shall become operative on January 1, 2006.
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4165. Sale or Transfer of Dangerous Drug or Device Into State: Furnishing Records to
Authorized Officer on Demand; Citation for Non-Compliance
A wholesaler licensed by the board who sells or transfers any dangerous drug or dangerous
device into this state or who receives, by sale or otherwise, any dangerous drug or dangerous
device from any person in this state shall, on request, furnish an authorized officer of the law with
all records or other documentation of that sale or transfer.
4166. Shipping of Dangerous Drugs or Devices – Wholesaler or Distributor Liable for
Security and Integrity Until Delivery
(a) Any wholesaler that uses the services of any carrier, including, but not limited to, the United
States Postal Service or any common carrier, shall be liable for the security and integrity of any
dangerous drugs or dangerous devices through that carrier until the drugs or devices are delivered
to the transferee at its board-licensed premises.
(b) Nothing in this section is intended to affect the liability of a wholesaler or other distributor
for dangerous drugs or dangerous devices after their delivery to the transferee.
4167. Wholesaler: Bar on Obtaining Dangerous Drugs or Devices it Cannot Maintain on
Licensed Premises
A wholesaler shall not obtain, by purchase or otherwise, any dangerous drugs or dangerous
devices that it cannot maintain, in a secure manner, on the premises licensed by the board.
4168. Board License Required for Local Business License
A county or municipality may not issue a business license for any establishment that requires a
wholesaler license unless the establishment possesses a current wholesaler license issued by the
board. For purposes of this section, an "establishment" is the licensee's physical location in
California.
4169. Prohibited Acts
(a) A person or entity may not do any of the following:
(1) Purchase, trade, sell, or transfer dangerous drugs or dangerous devices at wholesale with a
person or entity that is not licensed with the board as a wholesaler or pharmacy.
(2) Purchase, trade, sell, or transfer dangerous drugs that the person knew or reasonably should
have known were adulterated, as set forth in Article 2 (commencing with Section 111250) of
Chapter 6 of Part 5 of Division 104 of the Health and Safety Code.
(3) Purchase, trade, sell, or transfer dangerous drugs that the person knew or reasonably should
have known were misbranded, as defined in Section 111335 of the Health and Safety Code.
(4) Purchase, trade, sell, or transfer dangerous drugs or dangerous devices after the beyond use
date on the label.
(5) Fail to maintain records of the acquisition or disposition of dangerous drugs or dangerous
devices for at least three years.
(b) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a violation of this section or of subdivision (c)
or (d) of Section 4163 may subject the person or entity that has committed the violation to a fine
not to exceed the amount specified in Section 125.9 for each occurrence, pursuant to a citation
issued by the board.
(c) Amounts due from any person under this section shall be offset as provided under Section
12419.5 of the Government Code. Amounts received by the board under this section shall be
deposited into the Pharmacy Board Contingent Fund.
(d) This section shall not apply to a pharmaceutical manufacturer licensed by the Food and Drug
Administration or by the State Department of Public Health.
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Article 12. Prescriber Dispensing
4170. Dispensing by Prescriber: Requirements and Restrictions; Enforcement
(a) No prescriber shall dispense drugs or dangerous devices to patients in his or her office or
place of practice unless all of the following conditions are met:
(1) The dangerous drugs or dangerous devices are dispensed to the prescriber's own patient,
and the drugs or dangerous devices are not furnished by a nurse or physician attendant.
(2) The dangerous drugs or dangerous devices are necessary in the treatment of the condition
for which the prescriber is attending the patient.
(3) The prescriber does not keep a pharmacy, open shop, or drugstore, advertised or otherwise,
for the retailing of dangerous drugs, dangerous devices, or poisons.
(4) The prescriber fulfills all of the labeling requirements imposed upon pharmacists by
Section 4076, all of the recordkeeping requirements of this chapter, and all of the packaging
requirements of good pharmaceutical practice, including the use of childproof containers.
(5) The prescriber does not use a dispensing device unless he or she personally owns the device
and the contents of the device, and personally dispenses the dangerous drugs or dangerous
devices to the patient packaged, labeled, and recorded in accordance with paragraph (4).
(6) The prescriber, prior to dispensing, offers to give a written prescription to the patient that
the patient may elect to have filled by the prescriber or by any pharmacy.
(7) The prescriber provides the patient with written disclosure that the patient has a choice
between obtaining the prescription from the dispensing prescriber or obtaining the prescription at
a pharmacy of the patient's choice.
(8) A certified nurse-midwife who functions pursuant to a standardized procedure or protocol
described in Section 2746.51, a nurse practitioner who functions pursuant to a standardized
procedure described in Section 2836.1, or protocol, a physician assistant who functions pursuant
to Section 3502.1, or a naturopathic doctor who functions pursuant to Section 3640.5, may hand
to a patient of the supervising physician and surgeon a properly labeled prescription drug
prepackaged by a physician and surgeon, a manufacturer as defined in this chapter, or a
pharmacist.
(b) The Medical Board of California, the State Board of Optometry, the Bureau of Naturopathic
Medicine, the Dental Board of California, the Osteopathic Medical Board of California, the Board
of Registered Nursing, the Veterinary Medical Board, and the Physician Assistant Committee
shall have authority with the California State Board of Pharmacy to ensure compliance with this
section, and those boards are specifically charged with the enforcement of this chapter with
respect to their respective licensees.
(c) "Prescriber," as used in this section, means a person, who holds a physician's and surgeon's
certificate, a license to practice optometry, a license to practice naturopathic medicine, a license
to practice dentistry, a license to practice veterinary medicine, or a certificate to practice podiatry,
and who is duly registered by the Medical Board of California, the State Board of Optometry, the
Bureau of Naturopathic Medicine, the Dental Board of California, the Veterinary Medical Board,
or the Board of Osteopathic Examiners of this state.
4170.5. Veterinarian in Teaching Hospital May Dispense and Administer Dangerous Drugs
and Devices; Requirements
(a) Veterinarians in a veterinary teaching hospital operated by an accredited veterinary medical
school may dispense and administer dangerous drugs and devices and controlled substances from
a common stock.
(b) The veterinary teaching hospital shall designate a pharmacist to be responsible for ordering
the drugs for the common stock and the designated pharmacist-in-charge shall be professionally
responsible to insure that inventories, security procedures, training, protocol development,
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recordkeeping, packaging, labeling, and dispensing occur in a manner that is consistent with the
promotion and protection of the health and safety of the public.
(c) The veterinary teaching hospital's pharmacist-in-charge shall develop policies, procedures,
and guidelines that recognize the unique relationship between the institution's pharmacists and
veterinarians in the control, management, dispensation, and administration of drugs.
(d) The board may inspect a veterinary teaching hospital dispensing or administering drugs
pursuant to this section.
4171. Exceptions to Section 4170: Samples; Clinics; Veterinarians; Narcotic Treatment
Programs; Certain Cancer Medications
(a) Section 4170 shall not prohibit the furnishing of a limited quantity of samples by a
prescriber, if the prescriber dispenses the samples to the patient in the package provided by the
manufacturer, no charge is made to the patient therefor, and an appropriate record is entered in
the patient's chart.
(b) Section 4170 shall not apply to clinics, as defined in subdivision (a) of Section 1204 or
subdivision (b) or (c) of Section 1206 of the Health and Safety Code, to programs licensed
pursuant to Sections 11876, 11877, and 11877.5 of the Health and Safety Code, or to a prescriber
dispensing parenteral chemotherapeutic agents, biologicals, or delivery systems used in the
treatment of cancer.
4172. Storage Requirements
A prescriber who dispenses drugs pursuant to Section 4170 shall store all drugs to be dispensed
in an area that is secure. The Medical Board of California shall, by regulation, define the term
"secure" for purposes of this section.
4173. Dispensing by Registered Nurses
This chapter does not prevent the dispensing of drugs or devices by registered nurses
functioning pursuant to Section 2725.1.
4174. Dispensing by Pharmacist Upon Order of Nurse Practitioner
Notwithstanding any other law, a pharmacist may dispense drugs or devices upon the drug order
of a nurse practitioner functioning pursuant to Section 2836.1 or a certified nurse-midwife
functioning pursuant to Section 2746.51, a drug order of a physician assistant functioning
pursuant to Section 3502.1 or a naturopathic doctor functioning pursuant to Section 3640.5, or the
order of a pharmacist acting under Section 4052.1, 4052.2, 4052.3, or 4052.6.
4175. Processing of Complaints
(a) The California State Board of Pharmacy shall promptly forward to the appropriate licensing
entity, including the Medical Board of California, the Veterinary Medical Board, the Dental
Board of California, the State Board of Optometry, the Osteopathic Medical Board of California,
the Board of Registered Nursing, the Bureau of Naturopathic Medicine, or the Physician
Assistant Committee, all complaints received related to dangerous drugs or dangerous devices
dispensed by a prescriber, certified nurse-midwife, nurse practitioner, naturopathic doctor, or
physician assistant pursuant to Section 4170.
(b) All complaints involving serious bodily injury due to dangerous drugs or dangerous devices
dispensed by prescribers, certified nurse-midwives, nurse practitioners, naturopathic doctors, or
physician assistants pursuant to Section 4170 shall be handled by the Medical Board of
California, the Dental Board of California, the State Board of Optometry, the Osteopathic
Medical Board of California, the Bureau of Naturopathic Medicine, the Board of Registered
Nursing, the Veterinary Medical Board, or the Physician Assistant Committee as a case of
greatest potential harm to a patient.
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Article 13. Nonprofit or Free Clinics
4180. Purchase of Drugs at Wholesale Only with License: Eligible Clinics
(a) (1) Notwithstanding any provision of this chapter, any of the following clinics may purchase
drugs at wholesale for administration or dispensing, under the direction of a physician and
surgeon, to patients registered for care at the clinic:
(A) A licensed nonprofit community clinic or free clinic as defined in paragraph (1) of
subdivision (a) of Section 1204 of the Health and Safety Code.
(B) A primary care clinic owned or operated by a county as referred to in subdivision (b) of
Section 1206 of the Health and Safety Code.
(C) A clinic operated by a federally recognized Indian tribe or tribal organization as referred
to in subdivision (c) of Section 1206 of the Health and Safety Code.
(D) A clinic operated by a primary care community or free clinic, operated on separate
premises from a licensed clinic, and that is open no more than 20 hours per week as referred to in
subdivision (h) of Section 1206 of the Health and Safety Code.
(E) A student health center clinic operated by a public institution of higher education as
referred to in subdivision (j) of Section 1206 of the Health and Safety Code.
(F) A nonprofit multispecialty clinic as referred to in subdivision (l) of Section 1206 of the
Health and Safety Code.
(2) The clinic shall keep records of the kind and amounts of drugs purchased, administered,
and dispensed, and the records shall be available and maintained for a minimum of three years for
inspection by all properly authorized personnel.
(b) No clinic shall be entitled to the benefits of this section until it has obtained a license from
the board. A separate license shall be required for each clinic location. A clinic shall notify the
board of any change in the clinic's address on a form furnished by the board.
4181. License Requirements; Policies and Procedures; Who May Dispense
(a) Prior to the issuance of a clinic license authorized under Section 4180, the clinic shall
comply with all applicable laws and regulations of the State Department of Public Health relating
to the drug distribution service to ensure that inventories, security procedures, training, protocol
development, recordkeeping, packaging, labeling, dispensing, and patient consultation occur in a
manner that is consistent with the promotion and protection of the health and safety of the public.
The policies and procedures to implement the laws and regulations shall be developed and
approved by the consulting pharmacist, the professional director, and the clinic administrator.
(b) The dispensing of drugs in a clinic shall be performed only by a physician, a pharmacist, or
other person lawfully authorized to dispense drugs, and only in compliance with all applicable
laws and regulations.
4182. Duties of Professional Director; Consulting Pharmacist Required
(a) Each clinic that makes an application for a license under Section 4180 shall show evidence
that the professional director is responsible for the safe, orderly, and lawful provision of
pharmacy services. In carrying out the professional director's responsibilities, a consulting
pharmacist shall be retained to approve the policies and procedures in conjunction with the
professional director and the administrator. In addition, the consulting pharmacist shall be
required to visit the clinic regularly and at least quarterly. However, nothing in this section shall
prohibit the consulting pharmacist from visiting more than quarterly to review the application of
policies and procedures based on the agreement of all the parties approving the policies and
procedures.
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(b) The consulting pharmacist shall certify in writing quarterly that the clinic is, or is not,
operating in compliance with the requirements of this article. Each completed written certification
shall be kept on file in the clinic for three years and shall include recommended corrective
actions, if appropriate.
(c) For the purposes of this article, "professional director" means a physician and surgeon acting
in his or her capacity as medical director or a dentist or podiatrist acting in his or her capacity as a
director in a clinic where only dental or podiatric services are provided.
(d) Licensed clinics shall notify the board within 30 days of any change in professional director
on a form furnished by the board.
4183. No Professional Dispensing Fee
No clinic dispensing drugs pursuant to this article shall be eligible for any professional
dispensing fee that may be authorized under the Medi-Cal program (Chapter 7 (commencing with
Section 14000) of Part 3 of Division 9 of the Welfare and Institutions Code).
4184. Dispensing Schedule II Substance by Clinic Prohibited
No Schedule II controlled substance shall be dispensed by the clinic. This limitation shall not be
construed to prohibit a physician dispensing a Schedule II drug to the extent permitted by law.
4185. Inspection Permitted
The board shall have the authority to inspect a clinic at any time in order to determine whether a
clinic is, or is not, operating in compliance with this article.
4186. Automated Drug Delivery Systems
(a) Automated drug delivery systems, as defined in subdivision (h), may be located in any clinic
licensed by the board pursuant to Section 4180. If an automated drug delivery system is located
in a clinic, the clinic shall develop and implement written policies and procedures to ensure
safety, accuracy, accountability, security, patient confidentiality, and maintenance of the quality,
potency, and purity of drugs. All policies and procedures shall be maintained at the location
where the automated drug system is being used.
(b) Drugs shall be removed from the automated drug delivery system only upon authorization by
a pharmacist after the pharmacist has reviewed the prescription and the patient's profile for
potential contraindications and adverse drug reactions. Drugs removed from the automated drug
delivery system shall be provided to the patient by a health professional licensed pursuant to this
division.
(c) The stocking of an automated drug delivery system shall be performed by a pharmacist.
(d) Review of the drugs contained within, and the operation and maintenance of, the automated
drug delivery system shall be the responsibility of the clinic. The review shall be conducted on a
monthly basis by a pharmacist and shall include a physical inspection of the drugs in the
automated drug delivery system, an inspection of the automated drug delivery system machine for
cleanliness, and a review of all transaction records in order to verify the security and
accountability of the system.
(e) The automated drug delivery system used at the clinic shall provide for patient consultation
pursuant to Section 1707.2 of Title 16 of the California Code of Regulations with a pharmacist
via a telecommunications link that has two-way audio and video.
(f) The pharmacist operating the automated drug delivery system shall be located in California.
(g) Drugs dispensed from the automated drug delivery system shall comply with the labeling
requirements in Section 4076.
(h) For purposes of this section, an "automated drug delivery system" means a mechanical
system controlled remotely by a pharmacist that performs operations or activities, other than
compounding or administration, relative to the storage, dispensing, or distribution of prepackaged
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dangerous drugs or dangerous devices. An automated drug delivery system shall collect, control,
and maintain all transaction information to accurately track the movement of drugs into and out
of the system for security, accuracy, and accountability.
Article 14. Clinics
4190. Clinic Defined; License Required; Purchase of Drugs at Wholesale: Drug
Distribution Service of a Clinic; Information Reported to the Board
(a) For the purposes of this article, "clinic" means a surgical clinic licensed pursuant to
paragraph (1) of subdivision (b) of Section 1204 of the Health and Safety Code, an outpatient
setting accredited by an accreditation agency, as defined in Section 1248 of the Health and Safety
Code, or an ambulatory surgical center certified to participate in the Medicare Program under
Title XVIII of the federal Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. Sec. 1395 et seq.).
(b) A clinic licensed by the board may purchase drugs at wholesale for administration or
dispensing, under the direction of a physician and surgeon, to patients registered for care at the
clinic, as provided in subdivision (c). A separate license shall be required for each clinic location.
A clinic licensed by the board shall notify the board of any change in the clinic's address on a
form furnished by the board. The clinic shall keep records of the kind and amounts of drugs
purchased, administered, and dispensed, and the records shall be available and maintained for a
minimum of three years for inspection by all properly authorized personnel.
(c) The drug distribution service of a clinic shall be limited to the use of drugs for
administration to the patients of the clinic and to the dispensing of drugs for the control of pain
and nausea for patients of the clinic. Drugs shall not be dispensed in an amount greater than that
required to meet the patient's needs for 72 hours. Drugs for administration shall be those drugs
directly applied, whether by injection, inhalation, ingestion, or any other means, to the body of a
patient for his or her immediate needs.
(d) No clinic shall be entitled to the benefits of this section until it has obtained a license from
the board.
(e) If a clinic is licensed by the board, any proposed change in ownership or beneficial interest
in the licensee shall be reported to the board, on a form to be furnished by the board, at least 30
days prior to the execution of any agreement to purchase, sell, exchange, gift or otherwise transfer
any ownership or beneficial interest or prior to any transfer of ownership or beneficial interest,
whichever occurs earlier.
(f) Nothing in this section shall limit the ability of a physician and surgeon to prescribe,
dispense, administer, or furnish drugs at a clinic as provided in Sections 2241.5, 2242, and 4170.
4191. Compliance With Department of Public Health Requirements; Who May Dispense
Drugs
(a) Prior to the issuance of a clinic license authorized under this article, the clinic shall
comply with all applicable laws and regulations of the State Department of Public Health
and the board relating to drug distribution to ensure that inventories, security procedures,
training, protocol development, recordkeeping, packaging, labeling, dispensing, and
patient consultation are carried out in a manner that is consistent with the promotion and
protection of the health and safety of the public. The policies and procedures to
implement the laws and regulations shall be developed and approved by the consulting
pharmacist, the professional director, and the clinic administrator.
(b) The dispensing of drugs in a clinic that has received a license under this article shall
be performed only by a physician, a pharmacist, or other person lawfully authorized to
dispense drugs, and only in compliance with all applicable laws and regulations.
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4192. Duties of Professional Director; Providing Information to Board
(a) Each clinic that makes an application for a license under this article shall show evidence that
the professional director is responsible for the safe, orderly, and lawful provision of pharmacy
services. In carrying out the professional director's responsibilities, a consulting pharmacist shall
be retained to approve the policies and procedures in conjunction with the professional director
and the administrator. In addition, the consulting pharmacist shall be required to visit the clinic
regularly and at least quarterly. However, nothing in this section shall prohibit the consulting
pharmacist from visiting more than quarterly to review the application of policies and procedures
based on the agreement of all the parties approving the policies and procedures.
(b) The consulting pharmacist shall certify in writing quarterly that the clinic is, or is not,
operating in compliance with the requirements of this article. Each completed written certification
shall be kept on file in the clinic for three years and shall include recommended corrective
actions, if appropriate.
(c) For the purposes of this article, "professional director" means a physician and surgeon acting
in his or her capacity as medical director or a dentist or podiatrist acting in his or her capacity as a
director in a clinic where only dental or podiatric services are provided.
(d) Licensed clinics shall notify the board within 30 days of any change in professional director
on a form furnished by the board.
4193. Clinic Not Eligible for Professional Dispensing Fee; Ban on Offering Drugs for Sale
No clinic holding a license pursuant to this article shall be eligible for any professional
dispensing fee that may be authorized under the Medi-Cal program (Chapter 7 (commencing with
Section 14000) of Part 3 of Division 9 of the Welfare and Institutions Code). No clinic holding a
license pursuant to this article shall offer drugs for sale or shall charge or bill for professional
services for the dispensing or administering of drugs.
4194. Dispensing of Schedule II Substance by Clinic Prohibited; Physician May Dispense;
Administration Authorized in Clinic
No Schedule II controlled substance shall be dispensed in the clinic. This limitation does not
prohibit a physician from dispensing a Schedule II drug to the extent permitted by subdivision (b)
of Section 11158 of the Health and Safety Code and all other provisions of law, nor does it
prevent the lawful administration of Schedule II drugs on the premises of the clinic.
4195. Inspection Authorized
The board shall have the authority to inspect a clinic that is licensed pursuant to this article at
any time in order to determine whether the clinic is, or is not, operating in compliance with this
article and all other provisions of the law.
Article 15. Veterinary Food-Animal Drug Retailers
4196. License Required: Temporary Licenses; Persons Authorized in Storage Area; Other
Requirements; Board Approval of Designated Representative-in-Charge
(a) No person shall conduct a veterinary food-animal drug retailer in the State of California
unless he or she has obtained a license from the board. A license shall be required for each
veterinary food-animal drug retailer owned or operated by a specific person. A separate license
shall be required for each of the premises of any person operating a veterinary food-animal drug
retailer in more than one location. The license shall be renewed annually and shall not be
transferable.
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(b) The board may issue a temporary license, upon conditions and for periods of time as the
board determines to be in the public interest. A temporary license fee shall be fixed by the board
at an amount not to exceed the annual fee for renewal of a license to conduct a veterinary foodanimal drug retailer.
(c) No person other than a pharmacist, an intern pharmacist, a designated representative, an
authorized officer of the law, or a person authorized to prescribe, shall be permitted in that area,
place, or premises described in the permit issued by the board pursuant to Section 4041, wherein
veterinary food-animal drugs are stored, possessed, or repacked. A pharmacist or designated
representative shall be responsible for any individual who enters the veterinary food-animal drug
retailer for the purpose of performing clerical, inventory control, housekeeping, delivery,
maintenance, or similar functions relating to the veterinary food-animal drug retailer.
(d) Every veterinary food-animal drug retailer shall be supervised or managed by a designated
representative-in-charge. The designated representative-in-charge shall be responsible for the
veterinary food-animal drug retailer's compliance with state and federal laws governing
veterinary food-animal drug retailers. As part of its initial application for a license, and for each
renewal, each veterinary food-animal drug retailer shall, on a form designed by the board, provide
identifying information and the California license number for a designated representative or
pharmacist proposed to serve as the designated representative-in-charge. The proposed designated
representative-in-charge shall be subject to approval by the board. The board shall not issue or
renew a veterinary food-animal drug retailer license without identification of an approved
designated representative-in-charge for the veterinary food-animal drug retailer.
(e) Every veterinary food-animal drug retailer shall notify the board in writing, on a form
designed by the board, within 30 days of the date when a designated representative-in-charge who
ceases to act as the designated representative-in-charge, and shall on the same form propose
another designated representative or pharmacist to take over as the designated representative-in­
charge. The proposed replacement designated representative-in-charge shall be subject to
approval by the board. If disapproved, the veterinary food-animal drug retailer shall propose
another replacement within 15 days of the date of disapproval, and shall continue to name
proposed replacements until a designated representative-in-charge is approved by the board.
(f) For purposes of this section, designated representative-in-charge means a person granted a
designated representative license pursuant to Section 4053, or a registered pharmacist, who is the
supervisor or manager of the facility.
4197. Minimum Standards: Security; Sanitation; Board Regulations; Waivers
(a) The following minimum standards shall apply to all veterinary food-animal drug retailers
licensed by the board:
(1) Each retailer shall store veterinary food-animal drugs in a secure, lockable area.
(2) Each retailer shall maintain on the premises fixtures and equipment in a clean and orderly
condition. The premises shall be dry, well-ventilated, and have adequate lighting.
(b) The board may, by regulation, impose any other minimum standards pertaining to the
acquisition, storage, and maintenance of veterinary food-animal drugs, or other goods, or to the
maintenance or condition of the licensed premises of any veterinary food-animal drug retailer as
the board determines are reasonably necessary.
(c) When, in the opinion of the board, a high standard of patient safety consistent with good
animal safety and care in the case of an animal patient can be provided by the licensure of a
veterinary food-animal drug retailer that does not meet all of the requirements for licensure as a
veterinary food-animal drug retailer, the board may waive any licensing requirements.
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4198. Written Policies and Procedures Required: Contents; Training of Personnel; Quality
Assurance; Consulting Pharmacist
(a) Each veterinary food-animal drug retailer shall have written policies and procedures related
to the handling and dispensing of veterinary food-animal drugs by veterinary food-animal drug
retailers. These written policies and procedures shall include, but not be limited to, the following:
(1) Training of staff.
(2) Cleaning, storage, and maintenance of veterinary food-animal drugs and equipment.
(3) Recordkeeping requirements.
(4) Storage and security requirements.
(5) Quality assurance.
(b) Each retailer shall prepare and maintain records of training and demonstrated competence for
each individual employed or retained by the retailer. These records shall be maintained for three
years from and after the last date of employment.
(c) Each retailer shall have an ongoing, documented quality assurance program which includes,
but is not limited to:
(1) Monitoring personnel performance.
(2) Storage, maintenance, and dispensing of veterinary food-animal drugs.
(d) The records and documents specified in subdivisions (a) and (b) shall be maintained for three
years from the date of making. The records and documents in subdivisions (a), (b), and (c) shall
be, at all times during business hours, open to inspection by authorized officers of the law.
(e) To assure compliance with the requirements of this chapter regarding operations of the
veterinary food-animal drug retailer, a consulting pharmacist shall visit the veterinary foodanimal drug retailer regularly and at least quarterly. The consulting pharmacist shall be retained
either on a volunteer or paid basis to review, approve, and revise the policies and procedures of
the veterinary food-animal drug retailer, and assure compliance with California and federal law
regarding the labeling, storage, and dispensing of veterinary food-animal drugs.
The consulting pharmacist shall certify in writing at least twice a year whether or not the
veterinary food-animal drug retailer is operating in compliance with the requirements of this
chapter. The most recent of the written certifications shall be submitted with the annual renewal
application of a veterinary food-animal drug retailer license.
4199. Labeling Requirements; Maintaining Prescription Records
(a) Any veterinary food-animal drug dispensed pursuant to a prescription from a licensed
veterinarian for food producing animals from a veterinary food-animal drug retailer pursuant to
this chapter is subject to the labeling requirements of Sections 4076 and 4077.
(b) All prescriptions filled by a veterinary food-animal drug retailer shall be kept on file and
maintained for at least three years in accordance with Section 4333.
Article 16. Applications
4200. Pharmacist License Requirements: Age; Education; Experience; Examination; Proof
of Qualifications; Fees
(a) The board may license as a pharmacist an applicant who meets all the following
requirements:
(1) Is at least 18 years of age.
(2) (A) Has graduated from a college of pharmacy or department of pharmacy of a university
recognized by the board; or
(B) If the applicant graduated from a foreign pharmacy school, the foreign-educated applicant
has been certified by the Foreign Pharmacy Graduate Examination Committee.
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(3) Has completed at least 150 semester units of collegiate study in the United States, or the
equivalent thereof in a foreign country. No less than 90 of those semester units shall have been
completed while in resident attendance at a school or college of pharmacy.
(4) Has earned at least a baccalaureate degree in a course of study devoted to the practice of
pharmacy.
(5) Has completed 1,500 hours of pharmacy practice experience or the equivalent in accordance
with Section 4209.
(6) Has passed the North American Pharmacist Licensure Examination and the California
Practice Standards and Jurisprudence Examination for Pharmacists on or after January 1, 2004.
(b) Proof of the qualifications of an applicant for licensure as a pharmacist shall be made to the
satisfaction of the board and shall be substantiated by affidavits or other evidence as may be
required by the board.
(c) Each person, upon application for licensure as a pharmacist under this chapter, shall pay to
the executive officer of the board the fees provided by this chapter. The fees shall be
compensation to the board for investigation or examination of the applicant.
4200.1 Multiple Failures of License Examination; Additional Education Requirements
(a) Notwithstanding Section 135, an applicant may take the North American Pharmacist
Licensure Examination four times, and may take the California Practice Standards and
Jurisprudence Examination for Pharmacists four times.
(b) Notwithstanding Section 135, an applicant may take the North American Pharmacist
Licensure Examination and the California Practice Standards and Jurisprudence Examination for
Pharmacists four additional times each if he or she successfully completes, at minimum, 16
additional semester units of education in pharmacy as approved by the board.
(c) The applicant shall comply with the requirements of Section 4200 for each application for
reexamination made pursuant to subdivision (b).
(d) An applicant may use the same coursework to satisfy the additional educational requirement
for each examination under subdivision (b), if the coursework was completed within 12 months
of the date of his or her application for reexamination.
(e) For purposes of this section, the board shall treat each failing score on the pharmacist
licensure examination administered by the board prior to January 1, 2004, as a failing score on
both the North American Pharmacist Licensure Examination and the California Practice
Standards and Jurisprudence Examination for Pharmacists.
4200.2. California Practice Standards and Jurisprudence Examination for Pharmacists;
Required Inclusions
When developing the California Practice Standards and Jurisprudence Examination for
Pharmacists, the board shall include all of the following:
(a) Examination items to demonstrate the candidate's proficiency in patient communication
skills.
(b) Aspects of contemporary standards of practice for pharmacists in California, including, but
not limited to, the provision of pharmacist care and the application of clinical knowledge to
typical pharmacy practice situations that are not evaluated by the North American Pharmacy
Licensure Examination.
4200.3. Examination Process to be Reviewed Regularly; Required Standards
(a) The examination process shall be regularly reviewed pursuant to Section 139.
(b) The examination process shall meet the standards and guidelines set forth in the Standards
for Educational and Psychological Testing and the Federal Uniform Guidelines for Employee
Selection Procedures. The board shall work with the Office of Professional Examination Services
of the department or with an equivalent organization who shall certify at minimum once every
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five years that the examination process meets these national testing standards. If the department
determines that the examination process fails to meet these standards, the board shall terminate its
use of the North American Pharmacy Licensure Examination and shall use only the written and
practical examination developed by the board.
(c) The examination shall meet the mandates of subdivision (a) of Section 12944 of the
Government Code.
(d) The board shall work with the Office of Professional Examination Services or with an
equivalent organization to develop the state jurisprudence examination to ensure that applicants
for licensure are evaluated on their knowledge of applicable state laws and regulations.
(e) The board shall annually publish the pass and fail rates for the pharmacist's licensure
examination administered pursuant to Section 4200, including a comparison of historical pass and
fail rates before utilization of the North American Pharmacist Licensure Examination.
(f) The board shall report to the Joint Committee on Boards, Commissions, and Consumer
Protection and the department as part of its next scheduled review, the pass rates of applicants
who sat for the national examination compared with the pass rates of applicants who sat for the
prior state examination. This report shall be a component of the evaluation of the examination
process that is based on psychometrically sound principles for establishing minimum
qualifications and levels of competency.
4200.4. Retaking National Examination After Failure; Waiting Period
An applicant who fails the national examination may not retake the examination for at least 90
days or for a period established by regulations adopted by the board in consultation with the
Office of Professional Examination Services of the department.
4200.5. Retired Licensee: Eligibility; Bar on Practice; Requirement for Restoration to
Active Status
(a) The board shall issue, upon application and payment of the fee established by Section 4400,
a retired license to a pharmacist who has been licensed by the board. The board shall not issue a
retired license to a pharmacist whose license has been revoked.
(b) The holder of a retired license issued pursuant to this section shall not engage in any activity
for which an active pharmacist's license is required. A pharmacist holding a retired license shall
be permitted to use the titles "retired pharmacist" or "pharmacist, retired."
(c) The holder of a retired license shall not be required to renew that license.
(d) In order for the holder of a retired license issued pursuant to this section to restore his or her
license to active status, he or she shall pass the examination that is required for initial licensure
with the board.
4201. Application Form: Required Information; Authority Granted by License; Reporting
Changes in Beneficial Ownership
(a) Each application to conduct a pharmacy, wholesaler, or veterinary food-animal drug retailer,
shall be made on a form furnished by the board, and shall state the name, address, usual
occupation, and professional qualifications, if any, of the applicant. If the applicant is other than a
natural person, the application shall state the information as to each person beneficially interested
therein.
(b) As used in this section, and subject to subdivision (c), the term "person beneficially
interested" means and includes:
(1) If the applicant is a partnership or other unincorporated association, each partner or member.
(2) If the applicant is a corporation, each of its officers, directors, and stockholders, provided
that no natural person shall be deemed to be beneficially interested in a nonprofit corporation.
(3) If the applicant is a limited liability company, each officer, manager, or member.
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(c) In any case where the applicant is a partnership or other unincorporated association, is a
limited liability company, or is a corporation, and where the number of partners, members, or
stockholders, as the case may be, exceeds five, the application shall so state, and shall further
state the information required by subdivision (a) as to each of the five partners, members, or
stockholders who own the five largest interests in the applicant entity. Upon request by the
executive officer, the applicant shall furnish the board with the information required by
subdivision (a) as to partners, members, or stockholders not named in the application, or shall
refer the board to an appropriate source of that information.
(d) The application shall contain a statement to the effect that the applicant has not been
convicted of a felony and has not violated any of the provisions of this chapter. If the applicant
cannot make this statement, the application shall contain a statement of the violation, if any, or
reasons which will prevent the applicant from being able to comply with the requirements with
respect to the statement.
(e) Upon the approval of the application by the board and payment of the fee required by this
chapter for each pharmacy, wholesaler, or veterinary food-animal drug retailer, the executive
officer of the board shall issue a license to conduct a pharmacy, wholesaler, or veterinary foodanimal drug retailer, if all of the provisions of this chapter have been complied with.
(f) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the pharmacy license shall authorize the holder
to conduct a pharmacy. The license shall be renewed annually and shall not be transferable.
(g) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the wholesale license shall authorize the holder
to wholesale dangerous drugs and dangerous devices. The license shall be renewed annually and
shall not be transferable.
(h) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the veterinary food-animal drug retailer license
shall authorize the holder thereof to conduct a veterinary food-animal drug retailer and to sell and
dispense veterinary food-animal drugs as defined in Section 4042.
(i) For licenses referred to in subdivisions (f), (g), and (h), any change in the proposed
beneficial ownership interest shall be reported to the board within 30 days thereafter upon a form
to be furnished by the board.
(j) This section shall become operative on July 1, 2001.
4202. Pharmacy Technician: License Requirements for Education, Experience; Board
Regulations; Criminal Background Check; Discipline
(a) The board may issue a pharmacy technician license to an individual if he or she is a high
school graduate or possesses a general educational development certificate equivalent, and meets
any one of the following requirements:
(1) Has obtained an associate's degree in pharmacy technology.
(2) Has completed a course of training specified by the board.
(3) Has graduated from a school of pharmacy recognized by the board.
(4) Is certified by the Pharmacy Technician Certification Board.
(b) The board shall adopt regulations pursuant to this section for the licensure of pharmacy
technicians and for the specification of training courses as set out in paragraph (2) of subdivision
(a). Proof of the qualifications of any applicant for licensure as a pharmacy technician shall be
made to the satisfaction of the board and shall be substantiated by any evidence required by the
board.
(c) The board shall conduct a criminal background check of the applicant to determine if an
applicant has committed acts that would constitute grounds for denial of licensure, pursuant to
this chapter or Chapter 2 (commencing with Section 480) of Division 1.5.
(d) The board may suspend or revoke a license issued pursuant to this section on any ground
specified in Section 4301.
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(e) Once licensed as a pharmacist, the pharmacy technician registration is no longer valid and
the pharmacy technician license shall be returned to the board within 15 days.
4203. Non-Profit Clinic License Application: Form; Investigation
(a) Each application for a license under Section 4180 shall be made on a form furnished by the
board. The form of application for a license under Section 4180 shall contain the name and
address of the applicant, whether the applicant is licensed as a primary care clinic as defined in
this code, the name of its professional director, the name of its administrator, and the name of its
consulting pharmacist.
(b) Upon the filing of the application and payment of the fee prescribed in subdivision (s) of
Section 4400, the board shall make a thorough investigation to determine whether the applicant
and the premises for which application for a permit is made qualify for a license. The board shall
also determine whether this article has been complied with, and shall investigate all matters
directly related to the issuance of the license. The board shall not, however, investigate any
matters connected with the operation of a premises, including operating hours, parking
availability, or operating noise, except those matters relating to the furnishing, sale, or dispensing
of drugs or devices. The board shall deny an application for a license if either the applicant or the
premises for which application for a license is made do not qualify for a license under this article.
(c) If the board determines that the applicant and the premises for which application for a
license is made qualify for a license under this article, the executive officer of the board shall
issue a license authorizing the clinic to which it is issued to purchase drugs at wholesale pursuant
to Section 4180. The license shall be renewed annually on or before December 31 of each year
upon payment of the renewal fee prescribed in subdivision (s) of Section 4400 and shall not be
transferable.
4204. Surgical Clinic Application: Form; Investigation
(a) Each application for a license under Section 4190 shall be made on a form furnished by the
board. The form of application for a license under this article shall contain the name and address
of the applicant, whether the applicant is licensed, the type of services the facility will offer, the
name of its professional director, the name of its administrator, and the name of its consulting
pharmacist.
(b) Each initial application shall contain a statement from a consulting pharmacist certifying
that the policies and procedures of the clinic's drug distribution service, relative to inventories,
security procedures, training, protocol development, recordkeeping, packaging, labeling,
dispensing, and patient consultation are consistent with the promotion and protection of health
and safety of the public. Upon the filing of the application and the payment of a fee in
subdivision (s) of Section 4400, the board shall make a thorough investigation to determine
whether the applicant and the premises for which application for a license is made qualify for a
license. The board shall also determine whether this article has been complied with, and shall
investigate all matters directly related to the issuance of the license. The board shall not however,
investigate any matters connected with the operation of a premises, including operating hours,
parking availability, or operating noise, except those matters relating to the furnishing, sale, or
dispensing of drugs or devices. The board shall deny an application for a license if either the
applicant or the premises for which application for a license is made do not qualify for a license
under this article.
(c) If the board determines that the applicant and the premises for which application for a
license is made qualify for a license under Section 4190, the executive officer of the board shall
issue a license authorizing the clinic to which it is issued to purchase drugs at wholesale pursuant
to Section 4190. The license shall be renewed annually upon payment of a renewal fee prescribed
in subdivision (s) of Section 4400 and shall not be transferable.
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4205. Sale or Dispensing of Hypodermic Syringes and Needles: When Separate License
Required; Form and Content of Application; Renewability; Discipline
(a) A license issued pursuant to Section 4110, 4120, 4160, or 4161 shall be considered a license
within the meaning of Section 4141.
(b) The board may, in its discretion, issue a license to any person authorizing the sale and
dispensing of hypodermic syringes and needles for animal use.
(c) The application for a license shall be made in writing on a form to be furnished by the
board. The board may require any information as the board deems reasonably necessary to carry
out the purposes of Article 9 (commencing with Section 4140) of this chapter.
(d) A separate license shall be required for each of the premises of any person who sells or
dispenses hypodermic syringes or needles at more than one location.
(e) A license shall be renewed annually and shall not be transferable.
(f) The board may deny, revoke, or suspend any license issued pursuant to this article for any
violation of this chapter.
4207. Investigation by Board
(a) Upon receipt of an application for a license and the applicable fee, the board shall make a
thorough investigation to determine whether the applicant is qualified for the license being
sought. The board shall also determine whether this article has been complied with, and shall
investigate all matters directly related to the issuance of the license that may affect the public
welfare.
(b) The board shall not investigate matters connected with the operation of a premises other
than those matters solely related to the furnishing of dangerous drugs or dangerous devices that
might adversely affect the public welfare.
(c) The board shall deny an application for a license if the applicant does not qualify for the
license being sought.
(d) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the board may request any information it deems
necessary to complete the application investigation required by this section, and a request for
information that the board deems necessary in carrying out this section in any application or
related form devised by the board shall not be required to be adopted by regulation pursuant to
the Administrative Procedure Act (Chapter 3.5 (commencing with Section 11340) of Part 1 of
Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code).
4208. Intern Pharmacist License
(a) At the discretion of the board, an intern pharmacist license may be issued for a period of:
(1) One to six years to a person who is currently enrolled in a school of pharmacy recognized
by the board.
(2) Two years to a person who is a graduate of a school of pharmacy recognized by the board
and who has applied to become licensed as a pharmacist in California.
(3) Two years to a foreign graduate who has met educational requirements described in
paragraphs (1) and (2) of subdivision (a) of Section 4200.
(4) One year to a person who has failed the pharmacist licensure examination four times and
has reenrolled in a school of pharmacy to satisfy the requirements of Section 4200.1.
(b) The board may issue an intern pharmacist license to an individual for the period of time
specified in a decision of reinstatement adopted by the board.
(c) An intern pharmacist shall notify the board within 30 days of any change of address.
(d) An intern pharmacist whose license has been issued pursuant to paragraph (1) or (4) of
subdivision (a) shall return his or her license, by registered mail, within 30 days of no longer
being enrolled in a school of pharmacy. The intern pharmacist license shall be canceled by the
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board. Notwithstanding subdivision (c), an intern pharmacist license may be reinstated if the
student reenrolls in a school of pharmacy recognized by the board to fulfill the education
requirements of paragraphs (1) to (4), inclusive, of subdivision (a) of Section 4200.
(e) A person who has not completed the experience requirements necessary to be eligible for the
licensure examination may have his or her intern license extended for a period of up to two years
at the discretion of the board if he or she is able to demonstrate his or her inability to exercise the
privileges of the intern license during the initial license period.
4209. Intern Pharmacist; Minimum Hours of Practice to Apply for Pharmacist Exam
(a) (1) An intern pharmacist shall complete 1,500 hours of pharmacy practice before applying
for the pharmacist licensure examination.
(2) This pharmacy practice shall comply with the Standards of Curriculum established by the
Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education or with regulations adopted by the board.
(b) An intern pharmacist shall submit proof of his or her experience on board-approved
affidavits, or another form specified by the board, which shall be certified under penalty of
perjury by a pharmacist under whose supervision such experience was obtained or by the
pharmacist-in-charge at the pharmacy while the pharmacist intern obtained the experience. Intern
hours earned in another state may be certified by the licensing agency of that state to document
proof of those hours.
(c) An applicant for the examination who has been licensed as a pharmacist in any state for at
least one year, as certified by the licensing agency of that state, may submit this certification to
satisfy the required 1,500 hours of intern experience, provided that the applicant has obtained a
minimum of 900 hours of pharmacy practice experience in a pharmacy as a pharmacist.
Certification of an applicant's licensure in another state shall be submitted in writing and signed,
under oath, by a duly authorized official of the state in which the license is held.
4210. Advanced Practice Pharmacist License
(a) A person who seeks recognition as an advanced practice pharmacist shall meet all of the
following requirements:
(1) Hold an active license to practice pharmacy issued pursuant to this chapter that is in good
standing.
(2) Satisfy any two of the following criteria:
(A) Earn certification in a relevant area of practice, including, but not limited to, ambulatory
care, critical care, geriatric pharmacy, nuclear pharmacy, nutrition support pharmacy, oncology
pharmacy, pediatric pharmacy, pharmacotherapy, or psychiatric pharmacy, from an organization
recognized by the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education or another entity recognized by
the board.
(B) Complete a postgraduate residency through an accredited postgraduate institution where at
least 50 percent of the experience includes the provision of direct patient care services with
interdisciplinary teams.
(C) Have provided clinical services to patients for at least one year under a collaborative
practice agreement or protocol with a physician, advanced practice pharmacist, pharmacist
practicing collaborative drug therapy management, or health system.
(3) File an application with the board for recognition as an advanced practice pharmacist.
(4) Pay the applicable fee to the board.
(b) An advanced practice pharmacist recognition issued pursuant to this section shall be valid for
two years, coterminous with the certificate holder’s license to practice pharmacy.
(c) The board shall adopt regulations establishing the means of documenting completion of the
requirements in this section.
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(d) The board shall, by regulation, set the fee for the issuance and renewal of advanced practice
pharmacist recognition at the reasonable cost of regulating advanced practice pharmacists
pursuant to this chapter. The fee shall not exceed three hundred dollars ($300).
(Added by Stats. 2013, Ch. 469, Sec. 15. Effective January 1, 2014.)
Article 17. Continuing Education
4231. Requirements for Renewal of Pharmacist License: Clock Hours; Exemption for New
Licensee
(a) The board shall not renew a pharmacist license unless the applicant submits proof
satisfactory to the board that he or she has successfully completed 30 hours of approved courses
of continuing pharmacy education during the two years preceding the application for renewal.
(b) Notwithstanding subdivision (a), the board shall not require completion of continuing
education for the first renewal of a pharmacist license.
(c) If an applicant for renewal of a pharmacist license submits the renewal application and
payment of the renewal fee but does not submit proof satisfactory to the board that the licensee
has completed 30 hours of continuing pharmacy education, the board shall not renew the license
and shall issue the applicant an inactive pharmacist license. A licensee with an inactive
pharmacist license issued pursuant to this section may obtain an active pharmacist license by
paying the renewal fees due and submitting satisfactory proof to the board that the licensee has
completed 30 hours of continuing pharmacy education.
(d) If, as part of an investigation or audit conducted by the board, a pharmacist fails to provide
documentation substantiating the completion of continuing education as required in subdivision
(a), the board shall cancel the active pharmacist license and issue an inactive pharmacist license
in its place. A licensee with an inactive pharmacist license issued pursuant to this section may
obtain an active pharmacist license by paying the renewal fees due and submitting satisfactory
proof to the board that the licensee has completed 30 hours of continuing pharmacy education.
4232. Content of Courses
(a) The courses shall be in the form of postgraduate studies, institutes, seminars, lectures,
conferences, workshops, extension studies, correspondence courses, and other similar methods of
conveying continuing professional pharmacy education.
(b) The subject matter shall be pertinent to the socioeconomic and legal aspects of health care,
the properties and actions of drugs and dosage forms and the etiology, and characteristics and
therapeutics of the disease state.
(c) The subject matter of the courses may include, but shall not be limited to, the following:
pharmacology, biochemistry, physiology, pharmaceutical chemistry, pharmacy administration,
pharmacy jurisprudence, public health and communicable diseases, professional practice
management, anatomy, histology, and any other subject matter as represented in curricula of
accredited colleges of pharmacy.
4233. Advanced Practice Pharmacist; Continuing Education Requirement
A pharmacist who is recognized as an advanced practice pharmacist shall complete 10 hours of
continuing education each renewal cycle in addition to the requirements of Section 4231. The
subject matter shall be in one or more areas of practice relevant to the pharmacist’s clinical
practice.
(Added by Stats. 2013, Ch. 469, Sec. 15. Effective January 1, 2014.)
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4234. Exceptions: Emergencies; Hardship
The board may, in accordance with the intent of this article, make exceptions from the
requirements of this article in emergency or hardship cases.
Article 18. Poisons
4240. California Hazardous Substances Act; Application of Act
(a) The California Hazardous Substances Act, Chapter 4 (commencing with Section 108100) of
Part 3 of Division 104 of the Health and Safety Code, applies to pharmacies and pharmacists and
any other person or place subject to the jurisdiction of the board.
(b) The board may enforce that act when necessary for the protection of the health and safety of
the public if prior regulatory notice is given in accordance with the rulemaking provisions of the
Administrative Procedure Act (Chapter 3.5 (commencing with Section 11340) of Part 1 of
Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code). Board enforcement shall focus on those
hazardous substances that relate significantly to or overlap the practice of pharmacy.
(c) "Poison" as used in this chapter refers to a category of hazardous substances defined in
Section 108125 of the Health and Safety Code. The board may by regulation make the category
more specific.
Article 19. Disciplinary Proceedings
4300. Revocation and Suspension: Authority; Conditions; Issuance of Probationary
License; Application of Administrative Procedure Act; Judicial Review
(a) Every license issued may be suspended or revoked.
(b) The board shall discipline the holder of any license issued by the board, whose default has
been entered or whose case has been heard by the board and found guilty, by any of the following
methods:
(1) Suspending judgment.
(2) Placing him or her upon probation.
(3) Suspending his or her right to practice for a period not exceeding one year.
(4) Revoking his or her license.
(5) Taking any other action in relation to disciplining him or her as the board in its discretion
may deem proper.
(c) The board may refuse a license to any applicant guilty of unprofessional conduct. The board
may, in its sole discretion, issue a probationary license to any applicant for a license who is guilty
of unprofessional conduct and who has met all other requirements for licensure. The board may
issue the license subject to any terms or conditions not contrary to public policy, including, but
not limited to, the following:
(1) Medical or psychiatric evaluation.
(2) Continuing medical or psychiatric treatment.
(3) Restriction of type or circumstances of practice.
(4) Continuing participation in a board-approved rehabilitation program.
(5) Abstention from the use of alcohol or drugs.
(6) Random fluid testing for alcohol or drugs.
(7) Compliance with laws and regulations governing the practice of pharmacy.
(d) The board may initiate disciplinary proceedings to revoke or suspend any probationary
certificate of licensure for any violation of the terms and conditions of probation. Upon
satisfactory completion of probation, the board shall convert the probationary certificate to a
regular certificate, free of conditions.
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(e) The proceedings under this article shall be conducted in accordance with Chapter 5
(commencing with Section 11500) of Part 1 of Division 3 of the Government Code, and the board
shall have all the powers granted therein. The action shall be final, except that the propriety of
the action is subject to review by the superior court pursuant to Section 1094.5 of the Code of
Civil Procedure.
4300.1. Board Authority to Render a Decision on a License
The expiration, cancellation, forfeiture, or suspension of a board-issued license by operation of
law or by order or decision of the board or a court of law, the placement of a license on a retired
status, or the voluntary surrender of a license by a licensee shall not deprive the board of
jurisdiction to commence or proceed with any investigation of, or action or disciplinary
proceeding against, the licensee or to render a decision suspending or revoking the license.
4301. Obtaining License by Fraud or Misrepresentation; Unprofessional Conduct
The board shall take action against any holder of a license who is guilty of unprofessional
conduct or whose license has been procured by fraud or misrepresentation or issued by mistake.
Unprofessional conduct shall include, but is not limited to, any of the following:
(a) Gross immorality.
(b) Incompetence.
(c) Gross negligence.
(d) The clearly excessive furnishing of controlled substances in violation of subdivision (a) of
Section 11153 of the Health and Safety Code.
(e) The clearly excessive furnishing of controlled substances in violation of subdivision (a) of
Section 11153.5 of the Health and Safety Code. Factors to be considered in determining whether
the furnishing of controlled substances is clearly excessive shall include, but not be limited to, the
amount of controlled substances furnished, the previous ordering pattern of the customer
(including size and frequency of orders), the type and size of the customer, and where and to
whom the customer distributes its product.
(f) The commission of any act involving moral turpitude, dishonesty, fraud, deceit, or
corruption, whether the act is committed in the course of relations as a licensee or otherwise, and
whether the act is a felony or misdemeanor or not.
(g) Knowingly making or signing any certificate or other document that falsely represents the
existence or nonexistence of a state of facts.
(h) The administering to oneself, of any controlled substance, or the use of any dangerous drug
or of alcoholic beverages to the extent or in a manner as to be dangerous or injurious to oneself,
to a person holding a license under this chapter, or to any other person or to the public, or to the
extent that the use impairs the ability of the person to conduct with safety to the public the
practice authorized by the license.
(i) Except as otherwise authorized by law, knowingly selling, furnishing, giving away, or
administering, or offering to sell, furnish, give away, or administer, any controlled substance to
an addict.
(j) The violation of any of the statutes of this state, of any other state, or of the United States
regulating controlled substances and dangerous drugs.
(k) The conviction of more than one misdemeanor or any felony involving the use,
consumption, or self-administration of any dangerous drug or alcoholic beverage, or any
combination of those substances.
(l) The conviction of a crime substantially related to the qualifications, functions, and duties of
a licensee under this chapter. The record of conviction of a violation of Chapter 13 (commencing
with Section 801) of Title 21 of the United States Code regulating controlled substances or of a
violation of the statutes of this state regulating controlled substances or dangerous drugs shall be
conclusive evidence of unprofessional conduct. In all other cases, the record of conviction shall
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be conclusive evidence only of the fact that the conviction occurred. The board may inquire into
the circumstances surrounding the commission of the crime, in order to fix the degree of
discipline or, in the case of a conviction not involving controlled substances or dangerous drugs,
to determine if the conviction is of an offense substantially related to the qualifications, functions,
and duties of a licensee under this chapter. A plea or verdict of guilty or a conviction following a
plea of nolo contendere is deemed to be a conviction within the meaning of this provision. The
board may take action when the time for appeal has elapsed, or the judgment of conviction has
been affirmed on appeal or when an order granting probation is made suspending the imposition
of sentence, irrespective of a subsequent order under Section 1203.4 of the Penal Code allowing
the person to withdraw his or her plea of guilty and to enter a plea of not guilty, or setting aside
the verdict of guilty, or dismissing the accusation, information, or indictment.
(m) The cash compromise of a charge of violation of Chapter 13 (commencing with Section
801) of Title 21 of the United States Code regulating controlled substances or of Chapter 7
(commencing with Section 14000) of Part 3 of Division 9 of the Welfare and Institutions Code
relating to the Medi-Cal program. The record of the compromise is conclusive evidence of
unprofessional conduct.
(n) The revocation, suspension, or other discipline by another state of a license to practice
pharmacy, operate a pharmacy, or do any other act for which a license is required by this chapter.
(o) Violating or attempting to violate, directly or indirectly, or assisting in or abetting the
violation of or conspiring to violate any provision or term of this chapter or of the applicable
federal and state laws and regulations governing pharmacy, including regulations established by
the board or by any other state or federal regulatory agency.
(p) Actions or conduct that would have warranted denial of a license.
(q) Engaging in any conduct that subverts or attempts to subvert an investigation of the board.
(r) The selling, trading, transferring, or furnishing of drugs obtained pursuant to Section 256b of
Title 42 of the United States Code to any person a licensee knows or reasonably should have
known, not to be a patient of a covered entity, as defined in paragraph (4) of subsection (a) of
Section 256b of Title 42 of the United States Code.
(s) The clearly excessive furnishing of dangerous drugs by a wholesaler to a pharmacy that
primarily or solely dispenses prescription drugs to patients of long-term care facilities. Factors to
be considered in determining whether the furnishing of dangerous drugs is clearly excessive shall
include, but not be limited to, the amount of dangerous drugs furnished to a pharmacy that
primarily or solely dispenses prescription drugs to patients of long-term care facilities, the
previous ordering pattern of the pharmacy, and the general patient population to whom the
pharmacy distributes the dangerous drugs. That a wholesaler has established, and employs, a
tracking system that complies with the requirements of subdivision (b) of Section 4164 shall be
considered in determining whether there has been a violation of this subdivision. This provision
shall not be interpreted to require a wholesaler to obtain personal medical information or be
authorized to permit a wholesaler to have access to personal medical information except as
otherwise authorized by Section 56 and following of the Civil Code. For purposes of this section,
"long-term care facility" shall have the same meaning given the term in Section 1418 of the
Health and Safety Code.
4301.5. Pharmacist License; Out-of-State Suspension or Revocation to Apply to California
License
(a) If a pharmacist possesses a license or is otherwise authorized to practice pharmacy in any
other state or by an agency of the federal government, and that license or authority is suspended
or revoked, the pharmacist's license shall be suspended automatically for the duration of the
suspension or revocation, unless terminated or rescinded as provided in subdivision (c). The
board shall notify the pharmacist of the license suspension and of his or her right to have the issue
of penalty heard as provided in this section.
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(b) Upon its own motion or for good cause shown, the board may decline to impose or may set
aside the suspension when it appears to be in the interest of justice to do so, with due regard to
maintaining the integrity of and confidence in the pharmacy profession.
(c) The issue of penalty shall be heard by an administrative law judge sitting alone, by a
committee of the board sitting with an administrative law judge, or by the board sitting with an
administrative law judge, at the board's discretion. A pharmacist may request a hearing on the
penalty and that hearing shall be held within 90 days from the date of the request. If the order
suspending or revoking the pharmacist's license or authority to practice pharmacy is overturned
on appeal, any discipline ordered pursuant to this section shall automatically cease. Upon the
showing to the administrative law judge, board, or committee of the board by the pharmacist that
the out-of-state action is not a basis for discipline in California, the suspension shall be rescinded.
If an accusation for permanent discipline is not filed within 90 days of the suspension imposed
pursuant to this section, the suspension shall automatically terminate.
(d) The record of the proceedings that resulted in the suspension or revocation of the
pharmacist's license or authority to practice pharmacy, including a transcript of the testimony
therein, may be received in evidence.
(e) If a summary suspension has been issued pursuant to this section, the pharmacist may
request that the hearing on the penalty conducted pursuant to subdivision (c) be held at the same
time as a hearing on the accusation.
4302. Discipline of Corporate Licensee for Conduct of Officer, Director, Shareholder
The board may deny, suspend, or revoke any license of a corporation where conditions exist in
relation to any person holding 10 percent or more of the corporate stock of the corporation, or
where conditions exist in relation to any officer or director of the corporation that would
constitute grounds for disciplinary action against a licensee.
4303. Nonresident Pharmacy: Grounds for Discipline
(a) The board may report any violation by a nonresident pharmacy of the laws and regulations of
this state, any other state, or of the United States, including, but not limited to, any violation of
this chapter or of the regulations established by the board, to any appropriate state or federal
regulatory or licensing agency, including, but not limited to, the regulatory or licensing agency of
the state in which the nonresident pharmacy is a resident or in which the pharmacist is licensed.
(b) The board may cancel, deny, revoke, or suspend a nonresident pharmacy registration, issue a
citation or letter of admonishment to a nonresident pharmacy, or take any other action against a
nonresident pharmacy that the board may take against a resident pharmacy license, on any of the
same grounds upon which such action might be taken against a resident pharmacy, provided that
the grounds for the action are also grounds for action in the state in which the nonresident
pharmacy is permanently located.
(c) If the home state pharmacy license of a nonresident pharmacy is canceled, revoked, or
suspended for any reason, any license issued pursuant to Section 4112 or 4127.2 shall be
immediately canceled, revoked, or suspended by operation of law.
4304. Nonresident Wholesaler; Authority to Discipline
The board may deny, revoke, or suspend any license issued pursuant to Section 4161 for any
violation of this chapter or for any violation of Part 5 (commencing with Section 109875) of
Division 104 of the Health and Safety Code.
4305. Disciplinary Grounds: Failure of Pharmacy or Pharmacist to Notify Board of
Termination of Pharmacist-in-Charge; Continuing to Operate Without Pharmacist
(a) Failure by any pharmacist to notify the board in writing that he or she has ceased to act as the
pharmacist-in-charge of a pharmacy, or by any pharmacy to notify the board in writing that a
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pharmacist-in-charge is no longer acting in that capacity, within the 30-day period specified in
Sections 4101 and 4113 shall constitute grounds for disciplinary action.
(b) Operation of a pharmacy for more than 30 days without supervision or management by a
pharmacist-in-charge shall constitute grounds for disciplinary action.
(c) Any person who has obtained a license to conduct a pharmacy, who willfully fails to timely
notify the board that the pharmacist-in-charge of the pharmacy has ceased to act in that capacity,
and who continues to permit the compounding or dispensing of prescriptions, or the furnishing of
drugs or poisons, in his or her pharmacy, except by a pharmacist subject to the supervision and
management of a responsible pharmacist-in-charge, shall be subject to summary suspension or
revocation of his or her license to conduct a pharmacy.
4305.5. Disciplinary Grounds: Failure of Wholesaler or Veterinary Food-Animal Drug
Retailer to Notify Board of Termination of Designated Representative-in-Charge;
Continuing to Operate Without Designated Representative-in-Charge
(a) A person who has obtained a license to conduct a wholesaler or veterinary food-animal drug
retailer shall notify the board within 30 days of the termination of employment of the designated
representative-in-charge. Failure to notify the board within the 30-day period shall constitute
grounds for disciplinary action.
(b) A person who has obtained a license to conduct a wholesaler or veterinary food-animal drug
retailer, who willfully fails to notify the board of the termination of employment of the designated
representative-in-charge, and who continues to operate the licensee in the absence of the
designated representative-in-charge for that location, shall be subject to summary suspension or
revocation of his or her license to conduct a wholesaler or veterinary food-animal drug retailer.
(c) A designated representative-in-charge of a wholesaler or veterinary food-animal drug
retailer, who terminates his or her employment at the licensee, shall notify the board within
30 days of the termination of employment. Failure to notify the board within the 30-day period
shall constitute grounds for disciplinary action.
(d) This section shall become operative on January 1, 2006.
4306. Violation of Professional Corporation Act as Unprofessional Conduct
It shall constitute unprofessional conduct and a violation of this chapter for any person licensed
under this chapter to violate, attempt to violate, directly or indirectly, or assist in or abet the
violation of, or conspire to violate, any provision or term of this article, the Moscone-Knox
Professional Corporation Act, or any regulations duly adopted under those laws.
4306.5. Acts or Omissions by Pharmacist: Unprofessional Conduct
Unprofessional conduct for a pharmacist may include any of the following:
(a) Acts or omissions that involve, in whole or in part, the inappropriate exercise of his or her
education, training, or experience as a pharmacist, whether or not the act or omission arises in the
course of the practice of pharmacy or the ownership, management, administration, or operation of
a pharmacy or other entity licensed by the board.
(b) Acts or omissions that involve, in whole or in part, the failure to exercise or implement his or
her best professional judgment or corresponding responsibility with regard to the dispensing or
furnishing of controlled substances, dangerous drugs, or dangerous devices, or with regard to the
provision of services.
(c) Acts or omissions that involve, in whole or in part, the failure to consult appropriate patient,
prescription, and other records pertaining to the performance of any pharmacy function.
(d) Acts or omissions that involve, in whole or in part, the failure to fully maintain and retain
appropriate patient-specific information pertaining to the performance of any pharmacy function.
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4306.6. Mitigating Factors for Pharmacist-in-Charge Reporting Violations of Others
If the board disciplines a pharmacist-in-charge for the violation of a state or federal law or
regulation committed by another person and the pharmacist-in-charge reported to the board that
violation or suspected violation, the board shall use the report as a mitigating factor if all of the
following conditions are met:
(a) The pharmacist-in-charge did not engage, either directly or indirectly, in any conduct that
violated any state or federal law or regulation pertaining to the practice of pharmacy.
(b) The pharmacist-in-charge did not permit, encourage, approve of, either tacitly or implicitly
or through willful ignorance, any conduct committed by another person that violated state or
federal law or regulation pertaining to the practice of pharmacy.
(c) The pharmacist-in-charge reported the violation, or suspected violation, of any state or
federal law or regulation pertaining to the practice of pharmacy to the board as soon as reasonably
possible following the discovery of the violation.
(d) The pharmacist-in-charge took all actions reasonably necessary to stop and remedy the
violation, or suspected violation, of any state or federal law or regulation pertaining to the
practice of pharmacy as soon as reasonably possible following the discovery of the violation.
4307. Individuals with Denied, Revoked, Suspended, etc. Licenses Prohibited From
Pharmacy Ownership or Association with Board Licensed Entities
(a) Any person who has been denied a license or whose license has been revoked or is under
suspension, or who has failed to renew his or her license while it was under suspension, or who
has been a manager, administrator, owner, member, officer, director, associate, or partner of any
partnership, corporation, firm, or association whose application for a license has been denied or
revoked, is under suspension or has been placed on probation, and while acting as the manager,
administrator, owner, member, officer, director, associate, or partner had knowledge of or
knowingly participated in any conduct for which the license was denied, revoked, suspended, or
placed on probation, shall be prohibited from serving as a manager, administrator, owner,
member, officer, director, associate, or partner of a licensee as follows:
(1) Where a probationary license is issued or where an existing license is placed on probation,
this prohibition shall remain in effect for a period not to exceed five years.
(2) Where the license is denied or revoked, the prohibition shall continue until the license is
issued or reinstated.
(b) "Manager, administrator, owner, member, officer, director, associate, or partner," as used in
this section and Section 4308, may refer to a pharmacist or to any other person who serves in that
capacity in or for a licensee.
(c) The provisions of subdivision (a) may be alleged in any pleading filed pursuant to Chapter 5
(commencing with Section 11500) of Part 1 of Division 3 of the Government Code. However, no
order may be issued in that case except as to a person who is named in the caption, as to whom
the pleading alleges the applicability of this section, and where the person has been given notice
of the proceeding as required by Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 11500) of Part 1 of
Division 3 of the Government Code. The authority to proceed as provided by this subdivision
shall be in addition to the board's authority to proceed under Section 4339 or any other provision
of law.
4308. Prohibited Association: Notification of Affected Licensees Known to Board
Whenever a person is prohibited from serving as a manager, administrator, owner, member,
officer, director, associate, or partner of a licensee as provided by Section 4307, the board shall,
in each case where it has that information, notify in writing each licensee for whom the person is
a manager, administrator, owner, member, officer, director, associate, or partner of the
prohibition. The board shall send the notification to the licensee's address of record. The licensee
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shall have 30 days from the date that the notice is sent to remove and replace the prohibited
person and, where appropriate, file a change of permit to reflect that change.
4309. Petition for Reinstatement, etc. of Disciplined License: Time for Filing; Contents;
Investigation; Hearing; Factors to be Considered; Effect of Ongoing Criminal Sentence,
Accusation, or Petition to Revoke Probation
(a) A person whose license has been revoked or suspended or who has been placed on probation
may petition the board for reinstatement or modification of penalty, including modification or
termination of probation, after not less than the following minimum periods have elapsed from
the effective date of the decision ordering disciplinary action:
(1) At least three years for reinstatement of a revoked license.
(2) At least two years for early termination of probation of three years or more.
(3) At least one year for modification of a condition, or reinstatement of a license revoked for
mental or physical illness, or termination of probation of less than three years.
(b) The petition shall state any facts required by the board, and the petition shall be accompanied
by two or more verified recommendations from holders of licenses issued by the board to which
the petition is addressed, and two or more recommendations from citizens, each having personal
knowledge of the disciplinary penalty imposed by the board and the activities of the petitioner
since the disciplinary penalty was imposed.
(c) The petition may be heard by the board sitting with an administrative law judge, or a
committee of the board sitting with an administrative law judge, or the board may assign the
petition to an administrative law judge. Where the petition is heard by a committee of the board
sitting with an administrative law judge or by an administrative law judge sitting alone, the
decision shall be subject to review by the board pursuant to Section 11517 of the Government
Code.
(d) In considering reinstatement or modification of penalty, the board, committee of the board,
or the administrative law judge hearing the petition may consider factors including, but not
limited to, all of the following:
(1) All the activities of the petitioner since the disciplinary action was taken.
(2) The offense for which the petitioner was disciplined.
(3) The petitioner's activities during the time the license was in good standing.
(4) The petitioner's documented rehabilitative efforts.
(5) The petitioner's general reputation for truth and professional ability.
(e) The hearing may be continued from time to time as the board, committee of the board, or the
administrative law judge designated in Section 11371 of the Government Code finds necessary.
(f) The board, committee of the board, or administrative law judge may impose necessary terms
and conditions on the licensee in reinstating the license.
(g) No petition under this section shall be considered while the petitioner is under sentence for
any criminal offense, including any period during which the petitioner is on court-imposed
probation or parole. No petition shall be considered while there is an accusation or petition to
revoke probation pending against the person. The board may deny without a hearing or argument
any petition filed pursuant to this section within a period of two years from the effective date of
the prior decision following a hearing under this section.
(h) Nothing in this section shall be deemed to amend or otherwise change the effect or
application of Sections 822 and 823.
(i) The board may investigate any and all matters pertaining to the petition and documents
submitted with or in connection with the application.
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4310. Notice of Denial of Application: Petition for Licensure; Application of Administrative
Procedure Act
Immediately upon the denial of any application for a license the board shall notify the applicant in
writing. Within 10 days after the board mails the notice, the applicant may present his or her
written petition for a license to the board. Upon receipt by the board of the written petition,
proceedings shall be conducted in accordance with Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 11500)
of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code.
4311. Suspension of License for Felony Conviction: Automatic Suspension; Summary
Suspension; Other Suspensions; Applicable Proceedings
(a) Any license issued by the board, or the holder thereof, shall be suspended automatically
during any time that the person is incarcerated after conviction of a felony, regardless of whether
the conviction has been appealed. The board, immediately upon receipt of a certified copy of a
record of a criminal conviction, shall determine whether the person has been automatically
suspended by virtue of incarceration pursuant to a felony conviction and, if so, the duration of
that suspension. The board shall notify the person so suspended of the suspension and that the
person has a right to request a hearing, solely as to whether he or she is incarcerated pursuant to a
felony conviction, in writing at that person's address of record with the board and at the facility in
which the person is incarcerated.
(b) In addition to any suspension under subdivision (a), the board shall summarily suspend any
license issued by the board where a conviction of the holder of the license meets the requirements
of paragraphs (1) and (2).
(1) A felony that was either of the following:
(A) Committed in the course of a business or practice for which the board issues a license.
(B) Committed in a manner that a client, customer, or patient of the licensee was a victim.
(2) Where an element of the offense involves either of the following:
(A) The specific intent to deceive, defraud, steal, or make a false statement.
(B) The illegal sale or possession for sale of or trafficking in any controlled substance.
(3) The suspension shall continue until the time for appeal has elapsed, if no appeal is taken, or
until the judgment of conviction has been affirmed on appeal or has otherwise become final, and
until further order of the board.
(4) The board shall immediately send notice in writing of the suspension to the licensee, or the
holder of any other board-issued license, at his or her address of record and, if incarcerated at the
time, at the facility in which the person is incarcerated. The notice shall include notification of
that person's right to elect to have the issue of penalty heard as provided in paragraph (2) of
subdivision (d), and of the right to request a hearing to contest the summary suspension. Any
request for a hearing under this paragraph must be received by the board within 15 days following
receipt of the notice provided for by this paragraph.
(5) The hearing shall be before an administrative law judge, a committee of the board sitting
with an administrative law judge, or the board sitting with an administrative law judge, at the
board's discretion, and shall be subject to review by the board, at its discretion. The hearing shall
be limited to (A) whether there has been a felony conviction as stated in the board's notice, and
(B) whether the conviction meets the criteria of this subdivision, except where the licensee
chooses to proceed as provided by paragraph (2) of subdivision (d), or where the board has also
filed and served an accusation as provided in Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 11500) of Part
1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code and given notice of the hearing as required by
that chapter; provided that if an accusation under Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 11500) of
Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code is also to be heard, only an administrative
law judge sitting alone or the board, sitting with an administrative law judge, may hear the case.
(c) In addition to any suspension under subdivision (a), the board shall also suspend any license
issued by the board, or the holder thereof, if the board determines that the felony conviction of the
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holder of the license is substantially related to the qualifications, functions, or duties of the
licensee.
(1) Notice of the board's determination shall be sent to the licensee, or the holder thereof, at
that person's address of record with the board and, if the person is incarcerated at the time, the
facility in which the person is incarcerated. The notice shall advise the person that the license
shall be suspended without hearing unless, within 15 days following receipt of the notice, a
written request for hearing is delivered to the board.
(2) Upon receipt of a timely request for hearing, a notice of hearing shall be sent to the person
at least 10 days before the date scheduled for the hearing. The notice of hearing shall include
notification of that person's right to elect to have the issue of penalty heard as provided in
paragraph (2) of subdivision (d).
(3) The hearing to determine whether a felony conviction is substantially related for purposes
of an interim suspension under this subdivision shall be separate from any hearing on an
accusation under the Administrative Procedure Act, except where the licensee elects to proceed
under paragraph (2) of subdivision (d), or where the board has filed and served an accusation as
provided by Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 11500) of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the
Government Code and given notice of hearing as required by that chapter. The hearing on
whether the felony conviction is substantially related shall be heard either by an administrative
law judge sitting alone, by a committee of the board sitting with an administrative law judge, or
by the board sitting with an administrative law judge, at the board's discretion, and shall be
subject to review by the board, at its discretion. However, if an accusation under Chapter 5
(commencing with Section 11500) of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code is
also to be heard, only an administrative law judge sitting alone or the board, sitting with an
administrative law judge, may hear the case. Except where a person proceeds under paragraph
(2) of subdivision (d), or the board proceeds with an accusation at the same time, any suspension
imposed under this subdivision shall continue until an accusation is filed under Chapter 5
(commencing with Section 11500) of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code and
a final decision is rendered by the board.
(4) A conviction of any crime referred to in Section 4301, or for violation of Section 187, 261,
or 288 of the Penal Code, shall be conclusively presumed to be substantially related to the
qualifications, functions, or duties of a licensee of the board. Upon its own motion or for good
cause shown the board may decline to impose a suspension under this subdivision or may set
aside a suspension previously imposed when it appears to be in the interest of justice to do so,
with due regard to maintaining the integrity of and confidence in the practice of pharmacy and the
handling of dangerous drugs and devices.
(d) (1) Discipline may be ordered in accordance with Section 4300 or an application denied
when the time for appeal has elapsed, the judgment of conviction has been affirmed on appeal, or
an order granting probation is made suspending the imposition of sentence, irrespective of a
subsequent order under Section 1203.4 of the Penal Code allowing the person to withdraw his or
her plea of guilty and to enter a plea of not guilty, setting aside the verdict of guilty, or dismissing
the accusation, complaint, information, or indictment.
(2) The issue of penalty shall be heard by an administrative law judge sitting alone or with a
committee of the board or with the board itself, at the board's discretion, and any decision shall be
subject to review by the board, at its discretion. The hearing shall not be held until the judgment
of conviction has become final or, irrespective of a subsequent order under Section 1203.4 of the
Penal Code, an order granting probation has been made suspending the imposition of sentence,
provided that a licensee may, at his or her option, elect to have the issue of penalty decided before
those time periods have elapsed. Where the licensee so elects, the issue of penalty shall be heard
in the manner described in this section at the hearing to determine whether the conviction was
substantially related to the qualifications, functions, or duties of the licensee. If the conviction of
a licensee who has made this election is overturned on appeal, any discipline ordered pursuant to
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this section shall automatically cease. Nothing in this subdivision shall prohibit the board from
pursuing disciplinary action based on any cause, including the facts underlying the conviction,
other than the overturned conviction.
(3) The record of the proceedings resulting in the criminal conviction, including a transcript of
any testimony taken in connection with the proceeding, may be received in evidence in any
administrative proceeding to the extent the testimony would otherwise be admissible under
Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 11500) of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government
Code. A certified copy of the criminal conviction shall be conclusive proof of the fact of the
conviction.
(e) Other provisions of this chapter setting forth procedures for the suspension or revocation of a
license issued by the board shall not apply to proceedings conducted pursuant to this section,
except as specifically provided in this section.
(f) For purposes of this section, a crime is a felony if it is specifically declared to be so or is
made a felony by subdivision (a) of Section 17 of the Penal Code, unless it is charged as a
misdemeanor pursuant to paragraph (4) or (5) of subdivision (b) of Section 17 of the Penal Code,
irrespective of whether in a particular case the crime may be considered a misdemeanor as a
result of postconviction proceedings. For purposes of this section, a felony also includes a
conviction under federal law, or the law of any other state of the United States, of the District of
Columbia, or of any territory or possession of the United States. A conviction includes a plea or
verdict of guilty or a conviction following a plea of nolo contendere.
(g) The board may delegate the authority to issue a suspension under subdivision (a) or (b) or a
notice of suspension under subdivision (c) to the executive officer of the board.
4312. Voiding License of Entity Remaining Closed: Notice; Disposition of Stock;
Distribution of Proceeds Where Board Sells Stock
(a) The board may cancel the license of a wholesaler, pharmacy, or veterinary food-animal drug
retailer if the licensed premises remain closed, as defined in subdivision (e), other than by order
of the board. For good cause shown, the board may cancel a license after a shorter period of
closure. To cancel a license pursuant to this subdivision, the board shall make a diligent, good
faith effort to give notice by personal service on the licensee. If a written objection is not
received within 10 days after personal service is made or a diligent, good faith effort to give
notice by personal service on the licensee has failed, the board may cancel the license without the
necessity of a hearing. If the licensee files a written objection, the board shall file an accusation
based on the licensee remaining closed. Proceedings shall be conducted in accordance with
Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 11500) of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government
Code, and the board shall have all the powers granted in that chapter.
(b) In the event that the license of a wholesaler, pharmacy, or veterinary food-animal drug
retailer is cancelled pursuant to subdivision (a) or revoked pursuant to Article 19 (commencing
with Section 4300), or a wholesaler, pharmacy, or veterinary food-animal drug retailer notifies
the board of its intent to remain closed or to discontinue business, the licensee shall, within 10
days thereafter, arrange for the transfer of all dangerous drugs and controlled substances or
dangerous devices to another licensee authorized to possess the dangerous drugs and controlled
substances or dangerous devices. The licensee transferring the dangerous drugs and controlled
substances or dangerous devices shall immediately confirm in writing to the board that the
transfer has taken place.
(c) If a wholesaler, pharmacy, or veterinary food-animal drug retailer fails to comply with
subdivision (b), the board may seek and obtain an order from the superior court in the county in
which the wholesaler, pharmacy, or veterinary food-animal drug retailer is located, authorizing
the board to enter the wholesaler, pharmacy, or veterinary food-animal drug retailer and inventory
and store, transfer, sell, or arrange for the sale of, all dangerous drugs and controlled substances
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and dangerous devices found in the wholesaler, pharmacy, or veterinary food-animal drug
retailer.
(d) In the event that the board sells or arranges for the sale of any dangerous drugs, controlled
substances, or dangerous devices pursuant to subdivision (c), the board may retain from the
proceeds of the sale an amount equal to the cost to the board of obtaining and enforcing an order
issued pursuant to subdivision (c), including the cost of disposing of the dangerous drugs,
controlled substances, or dangerous devices. The remaining proceeds, if any, shall be returned to
the licensee from whose premises the dangerous drugs or controlled substances or dangerous
devices were removed.
(1) The licensee shall be notified of his or her right to the remaining proceeds by personal
service or by certified mail, postage prepaid.
(2) If a statute or regulation requires the licensee to file with the board his or her address, and
any change of address, the notice required by this subdivision may be sent by certified mail,
postage prepaid, to the latest address on file with the board and service of notice in this manner
shall be deemed completed on the 10th day after the mailing.
(3) If the licensee is notified as provided in this subdivision, and the licensee fails to contact the
board for the remaining proceeds within 30 calendar days after personal service has been made or
service by certified mail, postage prepaid, is deemed completed, the remaining proceeds shall be
deposited by the board into the Pharmacy Board Contingent Fund. These deposits shall be
deemed to have been received pursuant to Chapter 7 (commencing with Section 1500) of Title 10
of Part 3 of the Code of Civil Procedure and shall be subject to claim or other disposition as
provided in that chapter.
(e) For the purposes of this section, "closed" means not engaged in the ordinary activity for
which a license has been issued for at least one day each calendar week during any 120-day
period.
(f) Nothing in this section shall be construed as requiring a pharmacy to be open seven days a
week.
4313. Evidence of Rehabilitation; Priority of Public Protection
In determining whether to grant an application for licensure or whether to discipline or reinstate
a license, the board shall give consideration to evidence of rehabilitation. However, public
protection shall take priority over rehabilitation and, where evidence of rehabilitation and public
protection are in conflict, public protection shall take precedence.
4314. Orders of Abatement
(a) The board may issue citations containing fines and orders of abatement for any violation of
Section 733, for any violation of this chapter or regulations adopted pursuant to this chapter, or
for any violation of Division 116 (commencing with Section 150200) of the Health and Safety
Code, in accordance with Sections 125.9, 148, and 4005 and the regulations adopted pursuant to
those sections.
(b) Where appropriate, a citation issued by the board, as specified in this section, may subject
the person or entity to whom the citation is issued to an administrative fine.
(c) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, where appropriate, a citation issued by the board
may contain an order of abatement. The order of abatement shall fix a reasonable time for
abatement of the violation. It may also require the person or entity to whom the citation is issued
to demonstrate how future compliance with the Pharmacy Law, and the regulations adopted
pursuant thereto, will be accomplished. A demonstration may include, but is not limited to,
submission of a corrective action plan, and requiring completion of up to six hours of continuing
education courses in the subject matter specified in the order of abatement. Any continuing
education courses required by the order of abatement shall be in addition to those required for
license renewal.
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(d) Nothing in this section shall in any way limit the board from issuing a citation, fine, and
order of abatement pursuant to Section 4067 or Section 56.36 of the Civil Code, and the
regulations adopted pursuant to those sections.
4315. Letter of Admonishment
(a) The executive officer, or his or her designee, may issue a letter of admonishment to a
licensee for failure to comply with Section 733, for failure to comply with this chapter or
regulations adopted pursuant to this chapter, or for failure to comply with Division 116
(commencing with Section 150200) of the Health and Safety Code, directing the licensee to come
into compliance.
(b) The letter of admonishment shall be in writing and shall describe in detail the nature and
facts of the violation, including a reference to the statutes or regulations violated.
(c) The letter of admonishment shall inform the licensee that within 30 days of service of the
order of admonishment the licensee may do either of the following:
(1) Submit a written request for an office conference to the executive officer of the board to
contest the letter of admonishment.
(A) Upon a timely request, the executive officer, or his or her designee, shall hold an office
conference with the licensee or the licensee's legal counsel or authorized representative. Unless so
authorized by the executive officer, or his or her designee, no individual other than the legal
counsel or authorized representative of the licensee may accompany the licensee to the office
conference.
(B) Prior to or at the office conference, the licensee may submit to the executive officer
declarations and documents pertinent to the subject matter of the letter of admonishment.
(C) The office conference is intended to be an informal proceeding and shall not be subject
to the provisions of the Administrative Procedure Act (Chapter 3.5 (commencing with Section
11340), Chapter 4 (commencing with Section 11370), Chapter 4.5 (commencing with Section
11400), and Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 11500) of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the
Government Code).
(D) The executive officer, or his or her designee, may affirm, modify, or withdraw the letter
of admonishment. Within 14 calendar days from the date of the office conference, the executive
officer, or his or her designee, shall personally serve or send by certified mail to the licensee's
address of record with the board a written decision. This decision shall be deemed the final
administrative decision concerning the letter of admonishment.
(E) Judicial review of the decision may be had by filing a petition for a writ of mandate in
accordance with the provisions of Section 1094.5 of the Code of Civil Procedure within 30 days
of the date the decision was personally served or sent by certified mail. The judicial review shall
extend to the question of whether or not there was a prejudicial abuse of discretion in the issuance
of the letter of admonishment.
(2) Comply with the letter of admonishment and submit a written corrective action plan to the
executive officer documenting compliance. If an office conference is not requested pursuant to
this section, compliance with the letter of admonishment shall not constitute an admission of the
violation noted in the letter of admonishment.
(d) The letter of admonishment shall be served upon the licensee personally or by certified mail
at the licensee's address of record with the board. If the licensee is served by certified mail,
service shall be effective upon deposit in the United States mail.
(e) The licensee shall maintain and have readily available a copy of the letter of admonishment
and corrective action plan, if any, for at least three years from the date of issuance of the letter of
admonishment.
(f) Nothing in this section shall in any way limit the board's authority or ability to do either of
the following:
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(1) Issue a citation pursuant to Section 125.9, 148, or 4067 or pursuant to Section 1775 of Title
16 of the California Code of Regulations.
(2) Institute disciplinary proceedings pursuant to Article 19 (commencing with Section 4300).
Article 20. Prohibitions and Offenses
4320. Penalties for Violation of Pharmacy Law: Actions Authorized; Who May File Actions
(a) The penalties prescribed in this chapter may be recovered in any court having jurisdiction, by
a civil action instituted by the board in the name of the State of California, or by criminal
prosecution upon complaint being made.
(b) The district attorney of the county wherein violations of this chapter occur shall conduct all
felony prosecutions at the request of the board. The district attorney of the county or city attorney
of the city wherein violations of this chapter occur shall conduct all other actions and
prosecutions at the request of the board.
4321. Penalties: Misdemeanors; Infractions
(a) Any person who knowingly violates any of the provisions of this chapter, when no other
penalty is provided, is guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction thereof shall be punished by
a fine of not less than two hundred dollars ($200), and not more than two thousand dollars
($2,000), or by imprisonment of not less than 30 days nor exceeding six months, or by both that
fine and imprisonment.
(b) In all other instances, any person who violates any of the provisions of this chapter, when no
other penalty is provided, is guilty of an infraction, and upon conviction thereof may be punished
by a fine not to exceed one thousand dollars ($1,000).
4322. Misdemeanor or Infraction: False Representations to Secure License for Self or
Others; False Representation of Licensure; Penalties
Any person who attempts to secure or secures licensure for himself or herself or any other
person under this chapter by making or causing to be made any false representations, or who
fraudulently represents himself or herself to be registered, is guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon
conviction thereof shall be punished by a fine not exceeding five thousand dollars ($5,000), or by
imprisonment not exceeding 50 days, or by both that fine and imprisonment.
4323. Misdemeanor; False Representation of Self as a Physician, Agent of Physician, etc. to
Obtain Drug
Every person who, in order to obtain any drug, falsely represents himself or herself to be a
physician or other person who can lawfully prescribe the drug, or falsely represents that he or she
is acting on behalf of a person who can lawfully prescribe the drug, in a telephone or electronic
communication with a pharmacist, shall be punished by imprisonment in the county jail for not
more than one year.
4324. Felony or Misdemeanor: Forgery of Prescription; Possession of Drugs Obtained
Through Forged Prescription
(a) Every person who signs the name of another, or of a fictitious person, or falsely makes,
alters, forges, utters, publishes, passes, or attempts to pass, as genuine, any prescription for any
drugs is guilty of forgery and upon conviction thereof shall be punished by imprisonment
pursuant to subdivision (h) of Section 1170 of the Penal Code, or by imprisonment in a county
jail for not more than one year.
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(b) Every person who has in his or her possession any drugs secured by a forged prescription
shall be punished by imprisonment pursuant to subdivision (h) of Section 1170 of the Penal Code,
or by imprisonment in the county jail for not more than one year.
4325. Misdemeanor: Manufacture, Possession, etc. of False Prescription Blank
(a) No person other than a physician, dentist, podiatrist, veterinarian, pharmacist, or other person
authorized by law to dispense, administer, or prescribe controlled substances, or the person's
agent acting under authorization by the person to print prescription blanks, and acting in the
regular practice of the person's profession, shall knowingly and willfully manufacture, copy,
reproduce, or possess, or cause to be manufactured, copied, reproduced, or possessed, any
prescription blank that purports to bear the name, address, and federal registry or other identifying
information of a physician, dentist, podiatrist, veterinarian, or other person authorized by law to
dispense, administer, or prescribe controlled substances.
(b) Every person who violates this section shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.
4326. Misdemeanor: Obtaining Needle or Syringe by Fraud, etc.; Unlawful Use of Needle
or Syringe Obtained from Another
(a) Any person who obtains a hypodermic needle or hypodermic syringe by a false or fraudulent
representation or design or by a forged or fictitious name, or contrary to, or in violation of, any of
the provisions of this chapter, is guilty of a misdemeanor.
(b) Any person who has obtained a hypodermic needle or hypodermic syringe from any person
to whom a permit has been issued as provided in Article 9 (commencing with Section 4140) and
who uses, or permits or causes, directly or indirectly, the hypodermic needle or hypodermic
syringe to be used for any purpose other than that for which it was obtained is guilty of a
misdemeanor and upon conviction thereof shall be punished by a fine not exceeding one thousand
dollars ($1,000), or by imprisonment in a county jail not exceeding one year, or both a fine and
imprisonment.
4327. Misdemeanor: Sale, Dispensing, or Compounding While Under the Influence of
Drugs or Alcoholic Beverages
Any person who, while on duty, sells, dispenses or compounds any drug while under the
influence of any dangerous drug or alcoholic beverages shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.
4328. Misdemeanor: Permitting Compounding, Dispensing, or Furnishing by NonPharmacist
Except as otherwise provided in this chapter, any person who permits the compounding or
dispensing of prescriptions, or the furnishing of dangerous drugs in his or her pharmacy, except
by a pharmacist, is guilty of a misdemeanor.
4329. Misdemeanor: Non-Pharmacist Acting as Manager, Compounding, Dispensing or
Furnishing Drugs
Any non-pharmacist who takes charge of or acts as supervisor, manager, or pharmacist-in-charge
of any pharmacy, or who compounds or dispenses a prescription or furnishes dangerous drugs
except as otherwise provided in this chapter, is guilty of a misdemeanor.
4330. Misdemeanor: Non-Pharmacist Owner Failing to Place Pharmacist in Charge,
Dispensing or Compounding Except by Pharmacist, Interfering with Pharmacist-in-Charge
(a) Any person who has obtained a license to conduct a pharmacy, who fails to place in charge
of the pharmacy a pharmacist, or any person, who by himself or herself, or by any other person,
permits the compounding or dispensing of prescriptions, or the furnishing of dangerous drugs, in
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his or her pharmacy, except by a pharmacist, or as otherwise provided in this chapter, is guilty of
a misdemeanor.
(b) Any pharmacy owner who commits any act that would subvert or tend to subvert the efforts
of the pharmacist-in-charge to comply with the laws governing the operation of the pharmacy is
guilty of a misdemeanor.
4331. Misdemeanor: Wholesaler, Veterinary Food-Animal Drug Retailer Failing to Place
Pharmacist or Designated Representative in Charge, Permitting Dispensing or
Compounding Except by Pharmacist or Designated Representative
(a) A person who is neither a pharmacist nor a designated representative and who takes charge
of a wholesaler or veterinary food-animal drug retailer or who dispenses a prescription or
furnishes dangerous devices except as otherwise provided in this chapter is guilty of a
misdemeanor.
(b) A person who has obtained a license to conduct a veterinary food-animal drug retailer and
who fails to place in charge of that veterinary food-animal drug retailer a pharmacist or
designated representative, or any person who, by himself or herself, or by any other person,
permits the dispensing of prescriptions, except by a pharmacist or designated representative, or as
otherwise provided in this chapter, is guilty of a misdemeanor.
(c) A person who has obtained a license to conduct a wholesaler and who fails to place in charge
of that wholesaler a pharmacist or designated representative, or any person who, by himself or
herself, or by any other person, permits the furnishing of dangerous drugs or dangerous devices,
except by a pharmacist or designated representative, or as otherwise provided in this chapter, is
guilty of a misdemeanor.
(d) This section shall become operative on January 1, 2006.
4332. Misdemeanor: Failure or Refusal to Maintain or Produce Required Drug or Device
Records; Willful Production of False Reports
Any person who fails, neglects, or refuses to maintain the records required by Section 4081 or
who, when called upon by an authorized officer or a member of the board, fails, neglects, or
refuses to produce or provide the records within a reasonable time, or who willfully produces or
furnishes records that are false, is guilty of a misdemeanor.
4333. Maintaining Prescriptions, Other Drug Records on Premises, Open to Inspection;
Waiver; Willful Failure to Keep or Permit Inspection of Records of Prescriptions, Other
Records is Misdemeanor
(a) All prescriptions filled by a pharmacy and all other records required by Section 4081 shall be
maintained on the premises and available for inspection by authorized officers of the law for a
period of at least three years. In cases where the pharmacy discontinues business, these records
shall be maintained in a board-licensed facility for at least three years.
(b) Any person who willfully fails to comply with subdivision (a) is guilty of a misdemeanor,
and upon conviction thereof, shall be punished by a fine not exceeding two hundred dollars
($200). Any person convicted of a second or subsequent offense shall be punished by a fine of
not less than two hundred dollars ($200) and not more than four hundred dollars ($400).
(c) (1) Notwithstanding subdivisions (a) and (b), the board may, upon written request, grant a
waiver of the requirement that the records described in subdivisions (a) and (b) be maintained on
the licensed premises or, in the event the pharmacy discontinues business, that the records be
maintained in a board licensed facility. A person who maintains records in compliance with that
waiver is not subject to the penalties set forth in subdivision (b).
(2) A waiver granted pursuant to this subdivision shall not affect the board's authority under
this section or any other provision of this chapter.
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4335. Knowingly Failing to Arrange for Disposition of Stock of Closed or Discontinued
Business: Misdemeanor
Any person who knowingly violates subdivision (b) of Section 4312 is guilty of a misdemeanor.
4336. Felony: Knowing or Willful Use of Minor to Violate Specified Sections of Pharmacy
Law: Exception for Pharmacist Furnishing Pursuant to a Prescription
(a) Every person who knowingly or willfully violates Section 4055, 4059, 4060, 4061, 4062,
4063, 4064, 4065, 4077, 4080, 4081, 4083, or 4332 with respect to dangerous drugs by use of a
minor as an agent is guilty of a felony.
(b) Nothing contained in this section shall apply to a pharmacist furnishing dangerous drugs
pursuant to a prescription.
4337. Distribution of Fines Collected
Except as otherwise specified, all fines collected for violations of this chapter shall be paid as
follows: one-half into the State Treasury to the credit of the Contingent Fund of the Board of
Pharmacy of the State of California and one-half to the treasurer of the jurisdiction in which the
misdemeanor is prosecuted, to be deposited in the same fund as fines for other misdemeanors
occurring in that jurisdiction are deposited.
4338. Additional Fines May be Assessed
In addition to any fine assessed under Section 4321, the judge may assess a fine not to exceed
seventy dollars ($70) against any person who violates Section 4140 or 4142, with the proceeds of
this fine to be used in accordance with Section 1463.23 of the Penal Code. The court shall,
however, take into consideration the defendant's ability to pay and no defendant shall be denied
probation because of his or her inability to pay the fine permitted under this section.
4339. Board Action to Enjoin Violation of Pharmacy Law; Exception for Certain Drugs
and Devices
(a) The board may bring an action to enjoin the violation of any provision of this chapter in any
superior court in and for the county in which the violation has occurred. Any action shall
conform to the requirements of Chapter 3 (commencing with Section 525) of Title 7 of Part 2 of
the Code of Civil Procedure, except that the board shall not be required to allege facts necessary
to show or tending to show lack of adequate remedy at law or irreparable damage or loss. The
action shall be brought in the name of the people of the State of California.
(b) Nothing in this section shall permit the bringing of any action with respect to any drug or
product not subject to Section 4022 that is packaged or bottled in the manufacturer's or
distributor's container and labeled in accordance with applicable federal and state drug labeling
requirements.
(c) The authority granted by this section is in addition to the authority of the board to institute
any other administrative, civil, or criminal action.
4340. Unlawful Advertising by Nonresident Pharmacy Not Registered with Board
It is unlawful for any nonresident pharmacy that is not registered pursuant to Section 4112 or for
any person who is a resident of this state to advertise the pharmacy services of any pharmacy,
with the knowledge that the advertisement will or is likely to induce members of the public in this
state to use the pharmacy to fill prescriptions.
4341. Advertisement of Prescription Drugs or Devices
Notwithstanding any other provision of law, prescription drugs or devices may be advertised if
the advertisement conforms with the requirements of Section 651.
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4342. Actions by Board to Prevent Sales of Preparations or Drugs Lacking Quality of
Strength; Penalties for Knowing or Willful Violation of Regulations Governing Those Sales
(a) The board may institute any action or actions as may be provided by law and that, in its
discretion, are necessary, to prevent the sale of pharmaceutical preparations and drugs that do not
conform to the standard and tests as to quality and strength, provided in the latest edition of the
United States Pharmacopoeia or the National Formulary, or that violate any provision of the
Sherman Food, Drug and Cosmetic Law (Part 5 (commencing with Section 109875) of Division
104 of the Health and Safety Code).
(b) Any knowing or willful violation of any regulation adopted pursuant to Section 4006 shall be
subject to punishment in the same manner as is provided in Sections 4336 and 4321.
4343. Buildings: Prohibition Against the Use of Certain Signs Unless Licensed Pharmacy
Within
No building shall have upon it or displayed within it or affixed to or used in connection with it a
sign bearing the word or words "Pharmacist," "Pharmacy," "Apothecary," "Drugstore,"
"Druggist," "Drugs," "Medicine," "Medicine Store," "Drug Sundries," "Remedies," or any word
or words of similar or like import; or the characteristic symbols of pharmacy; or the characteristic
prescription sign (Rx) or similar design, unless there is upon or within the building a pharmacy
holding a license issued by the board pursuant to Section 4110.
Article 21. Pharmacists Recovery Program
4360. Impaired Pharmacists: Legislative Intent
The board shall operate a pharmacists recovery program to rehabilitate pharmacists and intern
pharmacists whose competency may be impaired due to abuse of alcohol, drug use, or mental
illness. The intent of the pharmacists recovery program is to return these pharmacists and intern
pharmacists to the practice of pharmacy in a manner that will not endanger the public health and
safety.
4361. Definitions
(a) "Participant" means a pharmacist or intern pharmacist who has entered the pharmacists
recovery program.
(b) "Pharmacists recovery program" means the rehabilitation program created by this article for
pharmacists and intern pharmacists.
4362. Function of Program: Board Referrals; Voluntary, Confidential Participation
(a) A pharmacist or intern pharmacist may enter the pharmacists recovery program if:
(1) The pharmacist or intern pharmacist is referred by the board instead of, or in addition to,
other means of disciplinary action.
(2) The pharmacist or intern pharmacist voluntarily elects to enter the pharmacists recovery
program.
(b) A pharmacist or intern pharmacist who enters the pharmacists recovery program pursuant to
paragraph (2) of subdivision (a) shall not be subject to discipline or other enforcement action by
the board solely on his or her entry into the pharmacists recovery program or on information
obtained from the pharmacist or intern pharmacist while participating in the program unless the
pharmacist or intern pharmacist would pose a threat to the health and safety of the public.
However, if the board receives information regarding the conduct of the pharmacist or intern
pharmacist, that information may serve as a basis for discipline or other enforcement by the
board.
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4364. Criteria for Participation to be Established by Board
(a) The board shall establish criteria for the participation of pharmacists and intern pharmacists
in the pharmacists recovery program.
(b) The board may deny a pharmacist or intern pharmacist who fails to meet the criteria for
participation entry into the pharmacists recovery program.
(c) The establishment of criteria for participation in the pharmacists recovery program shall not
be subject to the requirements of Chapter 3.5 (commencing with Section 11340) of Part 1 of
Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code.
4365. Contracting with Employee Assistance Program: Selection
The board shall contract with one or more qualified contractors to administer the pharmacists
recovery program.
4366. Function of the Employee Assistance Program
The functions of the contractor administering the pharmacists recovery program shall include,
but not be limited to, the following:
(a) To evaluate those pharmacists and intern pharmacists who request participation in the
program.
(b) To develop a treatment contract with each participant in the pharmacists recovery program.
(c) To monitor the compliance of each participant with their treatment contract.
(d) To prepare reports as required by the board.
(e) To inform each participant of the procedures followed in the program.
(f) To inform each participant of their rights and responsibilities in the program.
(g) To inform each participant of the possible consequences of noncompliance with the program.
4369. Board Referrals to Program: Written Information Provided to Licensee;
Termination for Non-Compliance; Report to Board of Termination; Authority to Discipline
(a) Any failure to comply with the treatment contract, determination that the participant is
failing to derive benefit from the program, or other requirements of the pharmacists recovery
program may result in the termination of the pharmacist's or intern pharmacist's participation in
the pharmacists recovery program. The name and license number of a pharmacist or intern
pharmacist who is terminated from the pharmacists recovery program and the basis for the
termination shall be reported to the board.
(b) Participation in the pharmacists recovery program shall not be a defense to any disciplinary
action that may be taken by the board.
(c) No provision of this article shall preclude the board from commencing disciplinary action
against a licensee who is terminated from the pharmacists recovery program.
4371. Review of Program Activities
(a) The executive officer of the board shall designate a program manager of the pharmacists
recovery program. The program manager shall have background experience in dealing with
substance abuse issues.
(b) The program manager shall review the pharmacists recovery program on a quarterly basis.
As part of this evaluation, the program manager shall review files of all participants in the
pharmacists recovery program.
(c) The program manager shall work with the contractor administering the pharmacists recovery
program to evaluate participants in the program according to established guidelines and to
develop treatment contracts and evaluate participant progress in the program.
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4372. Confidential Records; Exception for Disciplinary Proceeding
All board records and records of the pharmacists recovery program pertaining to the treatment of
a pharmacist or intern pharmacist in the program shall be kept confidential and are not subject to
discovery, subpoena, or disclosure pursuant to Chapter 3.5 (commencing with Section 6250) of
Division 7 of Title 1 of the Government Code. However, board records and records of the
pharmacists recovery program may be disclosed and testimony provided in connection with
participation in the pharmacists recovery program, but only to the extent those records or
testimony are relevant to the conduct for which the pharmacist or intern pharmacist was
terminated from the pharmacists recovery program.
4373. Immunity from Civil Liability
No member of the board shall be liable for any civil damages because of acts or omissions that
may occur while acting in good faith pursuant to this article.
Article 22. Unfair Trade Practices
4380. Resale of Preferentially Priced Drugs: Prohibition; Exceptions
(a) The resale, by any person, of drugs acquired at preferentially low prices permitted under
federal law only because of the Nonprofit Institutions Act (15 U.S.C. Sec. 13c) is prohibited
except in any of the following instances:
(1) When for the person's own use, as defined by the federal
courts in Abbott Labs. v. Portland Retail Druggists (425 U.S. 1, 47 L. Ed. 2d 537) and DeModena
v. Kaiser Foundation Health Plan, Inc. (743 F. 2d 1388).
(2) When sold to a purchaser also eligible for those prices under the Nonprofit Institutions Act,
that controls, is controlled by, or is under common control with, the seller, and that purchases the
products for its own use, as defined in paragraph (1).
(3) When sold to a walk-in customer pursuant to a prescription, provided that those sales
represent less than 1 percent of the drugs purchased by the seller for its own use in this state.
(b) Nothing in this article prohibits the resale of drugs to any person in the occasional
emergency situation where no other sources are readily available in the community to meet the
emergency need.
4381. Violation of Article as Unfair Competition; Private Actions Authorized; Triple
Damages and Attorneys’ Fees; Proof Required
(a) A violation of this article is an act of unfair competition within the meaning of Chapter 5
(commencing with Section 17200) of Part 2 of Division 7, and this article is enforceable as
provided in that chapter.
(b) In addition thereto, any person or trade association may bring an action to enjoin and restrain
any violation of this article and to recover actual damages, if any.
(c) In an action for injunctive relief under this article, it is not necessary to allege or prove actual
damages or the threat thereof, or actual injury or the threat thereof, to the plaintiff. In addition to
injunctive relief, the plaintiff in any action shall recover three times the amount of his or her
actual damages, if any, as well as three times the actual damages, if any, sustained by any person
who has assigned to the plaintiff a claim for damages resulting from a violation of this section. In
any action under this article in which judgment is entered against the defendant, the plaintiff shall
be awarded reasonable attorneys' fees together with the costs of suit.
(d) In issuing an injunction against a violation under this article, the court may, in its discretion,
include any other restraint it deems expedient in order to deter the defendant from and ensure
against future violations of this article.
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(e) Proof of malice or intent to harm competition is immaterial to sustain a cause of action under
this article.
4382. Board May Audit Sales to Walk-In Customers
The board may audit persons for compliance with the limits established in paragraph (3) of
subdivision (a) of Section 4380 except that in the case of a facility or pharmacy that
predominately serves members of a prepaid group practice health care service plan, those audits
may be undertaken solely by the Department of Managed Health Care pursuant to its authority to
audit those plans.
Article 23. Revenue and Renewal
4400. Fees (Effective January 1, 2014, and Inoperative July 1, 2014)
The amount of fees and penalties prescribed by this chapter, except as otherwise provided, is
that fixed by the board according to the following schedule:
(a) The fee for a nongovernmental pharmacy license shall be four hundred dollars ($400) and
may be increased to five hundred twenty dollars ($520). The fee for the issuance of a temporary
nongovernmental pharmacy permit shall be two hundred fifty dollars ($250) and may be
increased to three hundred twenty-five dollars ($325).
(b) The fee for a nongovernmental pharmacy license annual renewal shall be two hundred fifty
dollars ($250) and may be increased to three hundred twenty-five dollars ($325).
(c) The fee for the pharmacist application and examination shall be two hundred dollars ($200)
and may be increased to two hundred sixty dollars ($260).
(d) The fee for regrading an examination shall be ninety dollars ($90) and may be increased to
one hundred fifteen dollars ($115). If an error in grading is found and the applicant passes the
examination, the regrading fee shall be refunded.
(e) The fee for a pharmacist license and biennial renewal shall be one hundred fifty dollars
($150) and may be increased to one hundred ninety-five dollars ($195).
(f) The fee for a nongovernmental wholesaler license and annual renewal shall be six hundred
dollars ($600), and may be increased to seven hundred eighty dollars ($780). The application fee
for any additional location after licensure of the first 20 locations shall be two hundred twentyfive dollars ($225) and may be increased to three hundred dollars ($300). A temporary license fee
shall be five hundred fifty dollars ($550) and may be increased to seven hundred fifteen dollars
($715).
(g) The fee for a hypodermic license and renewal shall be one hundred twenty-five dollars
($125) and may be increased to one hundred sixty-five dollars ($165).
(h) (1) The fee for application, investigation, and issuance of license as a designated
representative pursuant to Section 4053 shall be two hundred fifty-five dollars ($255) and may be
increased to three hundred thirty dollars ($330).
(2) The fee for the annual renewal of a license as a designated representative shall be one
hundred fifty dollars ($150) and may be increased to one hundred ninety-five dollars ($195).
(i) (1) The fee for the application, investigation, and issuance of a license as a designated
representative for a veterinary food-animal drug retailer pursuant to Section 4053 shall be two
hundred fifty-five dollars ($255) and may be increased to three hundred thirty dollars ($330).
(2) The fee for the annual renewal of a license as a designated representative for a veterinary
food-animal drug retailer shall be one hundred fifty dollars ($150) and may be increased to one
hundred ninety-five dollars ($195).
(j) (1) The application fee for a nonresident wholesaler’s license issued pursuant to Section 4161
shall be six hundred dollars ($600) and may be increased to seven hundred eighty dollars ($780).
(2) For nonresident wholesalers who have 21 or more facilities operating nationwide the
application fees for the first 20 locations shall be six hundred dollars ($600) and may be increased
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to seven hundred eighty dollars ($780). The application fee for any additional location after
licensure of the first 20 locations shall be two hundred twenty-five dollars ($225) and may be
increased to three hundred dollars ($300). A temporary license fee shall be five hundred fifty
dollars ($550) and may be increased to seven hundred fifteen dollars ($715).
(3) The annual renewal fee for a nonresident wholesaler’s license issued pursuant to Section
4161 shall be six hundred dollars ($600) and may be increased to seven hundred eighty dollars
($780).
(k) The fee for evaluation of continuing education courses for accreditation shall be set by the
board at an amount not to exceed forty dollars ($40) per course hour.
(l) The fee for an intern pharmacist license shall be ninety dollars ($90) and may be increased to
one hundred fifteen dollars ($115). The fee for transfer of intern hours or verification of licensure
to another state shall be twenty-five dollars ($25) and may be increased to thirty dollars ($30).
(m) The board may waive or refund the additional fee for the issuance of a license where the
license is issued less than 45 days before the next regular renewal date.
(n) The fee for the reissuance of any license, or renewal thereof, that has been lost or destroyed
or reissued due to a name change shall be thirty-five dollars ($35) and may be increased to fortyfive dollars ($45).
(o) The fee for the reissuance of any license, or renewal thereof, that must be reissued because
of a change in the information, shall be one hundred dollars ($100) and may be increased to one
hundred thirty dollars ($130).
(p) It is the intent of the Legislature that, in setting fees pursuant to this section, the board shall
seek to maintain a reserve in the Pharmacy Board Contingent Fund equal to approximately one
year’s operating expenditures.
(q) The fee for any applicant for a nongovernmental clinic license shall be four hundred dollars
($400) and may be increased to five hundred twenty dollars ($520) for each license. The annual
fee for renewal of the license shall be two hundred fifty dollars ($250) and may be increased to
three hundred twenty-five dollars ($325) for each license.
(r) The fee for the issuance of a pharmacy technician license shall be eighty dollars ($80) and
may be increased to one hundred five dollars ($105). The fee for renewal of a pharmacy
technician license shall be one hundred dollars ($100) and may be increased to one hundred thirty
dollars ($130).
(s) The fee for a veterinary food-animal drug retailer license shall be four hundred five dollars
($405) and may be increased to four hundred twenty-five dollars ($425). The annual renewal fee
for a veterinary food-animal drug retailer license shall be two hundred fifty dollars ($250) and
may be increased to three hundred twenty-five dollars ($325).
(t) The fee for issuance of a retired license pursuant to Section 4200.5 shall be thirty-five dollars
($35) and may be increased to forty-five dollars ($45).
(u) The fee for issuance or renewal of a nongovernmental license to compound sterile drug
products shall be six hundred dollars ($600) and may be increased to seven hundred eighty
dollars ($780). The fee for a temporary license shall be five hundred fifty dollars ($550) and may
be increased to seven hundred fifteen dollars ($715).
(v) This section shall become inoperative on July 1, 2014, and, as of January 1, 2015, is
repealed, unless a later enacted statute, that becomes operative on or before January 1, 2015,
deletes or extends the dates on which it becomes inoperative and is repealed.
4400. Fees (Operative on July 1, 2014)
The amount of fees and penalties prescribed by this chapter, except as otherwise provided, is
that fixed by the board according to the following schedule:
(a) The fee for a nongovernmental pharmacy license shall be four hundred dollars ($400) and
may be increased to five hundred twenty dollars ($520). The fee for the issuance of a temporary
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nongovernmental pharmacy permit shall be two hundred fifty dollars ($250) and may be
increased to three hundred twenty-five dollars ($325).
(b) The fee for a nongovernmental pharmacy license annual renewal shall be two hundred fifty
dollars ($250) and may be increased to three hundred twenty-five dollars ($325).
(c) The fee for the pharmacist application and examination shall be two hundred dollars ($200)
and may be increased to two hundred sixty dollars ($260).
(d) The fee for regrading an examination shall be ninety dollars ($90) and may be increased to
one hundred fifteen dollars ($115). If an error in grading is found and the applicant passes the
examination, the regrading fee shall be refunded.
(e) The fee for a pharmacist license and biennial renewal shall be one hundred fifty dollars
($150) and may be increased to one hundred ninety-five dollars ($195).
(f) The fee for a nongovernmental wholesaler license and annual renewal shall be six hundred
dollars ($600), and may be increased to seven hundred eighty dollars ($780). The application fee
for any additional location after licensure of the first 20 locations shall be two hundred twentyfive dollars ($225) and may be increased to three hundred dollars ($300). A temporary license fee
shall be five hundred fifty dollars ($550) and may be increased to seven hundred fifteen dollars
($715).
(g) The fee for a hypodermic license and renewal shall be one hundred twenty-five dollars
($125) and may be increased to one hundred sixty-five dollars ($165).
(h) (1) The fee for application, investigation, and issuance of license as a designated
representative pursuant to Section 4053 shall be two hundred fifty-five dollars ($255) and may be
increased to three hundred thirty dollars ($330).
(2) The fee for the annual renewal of a license as a designated representative shall be one
hundred fifty dollars ($150) and may be increased to one hundred ninety-five dollars ($195).
(i) (1) The fee for the application, investigation, and issuance of a license as a designated
representative for a veterinary food-animal drug retailer pursuant to Section 4053 shall be two
hundred fifty-five dollars ($255) and may be increased to three hundred thirty dollars ($330).
(2) The fee for the annual renewal of a license as a designated representative for a veterinary
food-animal drug retailer shall be one hundred fifty dollars ($150) and may be increased to one
hundred ninety-five dollars ($195).
(j) (1) The application fee for a nonresident wholesaler’s license issued pursuant to Section 4161
shall be six hundred dollars ($600) and may be increased to seven hundred eighty dollars ($780).
(2) For nonresident wholesalers who have 21 or more facilities operating nationwide the
application fees for the first 20 locations shall be six hundred dollars ($600) and may be increased
to seven hundred eighty dollars ($780). The application fee for any additional location after
licensure of the first 20 locations shall be two hundred twenty-five dollars ($225) and may be
increased to three hundred dollars ($300). A temporary license fee shall be five hundred fifty
dollars ($550) and may be increased to seven hundred fifteen dollars ($715).
(3) The annual renewal fee for a nonresident wholesaler’s license issued pursuant to Section
4161 shall be six hundred dollars ($600) and may be increased to seven hundred eighty dollars
($780).
(k) The fee for evaluation of continuing education courses for accreditation shall be set by the
board at an amount not to exceed forty dollars ($40) per course hour.
(l) The fee for an intern pharmacist license shall be ninety dollars ($90) and may be increased to
one hundred fifteen dollars ($115). The fee for transfer of intern hours or verification of licensure
to another state shall be twenty-five dollars ($25) and may be increased to thirty dollars ($30).
(m) The board may waive or refund the additional fee for the issuance of a license where the
license is issued less than 45 days before the next regular renewal date.
(n) The fee for the reissuance of any license, or renewal thereof, that has been lost or destroyed
or reissued due to a name change shall be thirty-five dollars ($35) and may be increased to fortyfive dollars ($45).
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(o) The fee for the reissuance of any license, or renewal thereof, that must be reissued because
of a change in the information, shall be one hundred dollars ($100) and may be increased to one
hundred thirty dollars ($130).
(p) It is the intent of the Legislature that, in setting fees pursuant to this section, the board shall
seek to maintain a reserve in the Pharmacy Board Contingent Fund equal to approximately one
year’s operating expenditures.
(q) The fee for any applicant for a nongovernmental clinic license shall be four hundred dollars
($400) and may be increased to five hundred twenty dollars ($520) for each license. The annual
fee for renewal of the license shall be two hundred fifty dollars ($250) and may be increased to
three hundred twenty-five dollars ($325) for each license.
(r) The fee for the issuance of a pharmacy technician license shall be eighty dollars ($80) and
may be increased to one hundred five dollars ($105). The fee for renewal of a pharmacy
technician license shall be one hundred dollars ($100) and may be increased to one hundred thirty
dollars ($130).
(s) The fee for a veterinary food-animal drug retailer license shall be four hundred five dollars
($405) and may be increased to four hundred twenty-five dollars ($425). The annual renewal fee
for a veterinary food-animal drug retailer license shall be two hundred fifty dollars ($250) and
may be increased to three hundred twenty-five dollars ($325).
(t) The fee for issuance of a retired license pursuant to Section 4200.5 shall be thirty-five dollars
($35) and may be increased to forty-five dollars ($45).
(u) The fee for issuance or renewal of a nongovernmental sterile compounding pharmacy license
shall be six hundred dollars ($600) and may be increased to seven hundred eighty dollars ($780).
The fee for a temporary license shall be five hundred fifty dollars ($550) and may be increased to
seven hundred fifteen dollars ($715).
(v) The fee for the issuance or renewal of a nonresident sterile compounding pharmacy license
shall be seven hundred eighty dollars ($780). In addition to paying that application fee, the
nonresident sterile compounding pharmacy shall deposit, when submitting the application, a
reasonable amount, as determined by the board, necessary to cover the board’s estimated cost of
performing the inspection required by Section 4127.2. If the required deposit is not submitted
with the application, the application shall be deemed to be incomplete. If the actual cost of the
inspection exceeds the amount deposited, the board shall provide to the applicant a written
invoice for the remaining amount and shall not take action on the application until the full amount
has been paid to the board. If the amount deposited exceeds the amount of actual and necessary
costs incurred, the board shall remit the difference to the applicant.
(w) This section shall become operative on July 1, 2014.
4401. Pharmacist: Biennial Renewal
Every pharmacist who desires to retain his or her license on the books of the board shall
biennially pay to the executive officer of the board the renewal fee, established by the board,
within the limits prescribed by this chapter. In return for the payment of the renewal fee, a
certificate of renewal shall be issued.
4402. Cancellation: Of Pharmacist after Non-Renewal for Three Years; All Other Licenses
after 60 Days
(a) Any pharmacist license that is not renewed within three years following its expiration may
not be renewed, restored, or reinstated and shall be canceled by operation of law at the end of the
three-year period.
(b) (1) Any pharmacist whose license is canceled pursuant to subdivision (a) may obtain a new
license if he or she takes and passes the examination that is required for initial license with the
board.
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(2) The board may impose conditions on any license issued pursuant to this section, as it deems
necessary.
(c) A license that has been revoked by the board under former Section 4411 shall be deemed
canceled three years after the board's revocation action, unless the board has acted to reinstate the
license in the interim.
(d) This section shall not affect the authority of the board to proceed with any accusation that
has been filed prior to the expiration of the three-year period.
(e) Any other license issued by the board may be canceled by the board if the license is not
renewed within 60 days after its expiration. Any license canceled under this subdivision may not
be reissued. Instead, a new application will be required.
4403. Reissuance without Payment of Fees Prohibited
The board shall not reissue or renew any license without the payment of the fees required by this
chapter and the payment of all fees that are delinquent at the time that the application is made.
4404. Reissuance of Lost or Destroyed License; Proof of Loss, etc.
If any license issued under this chapter is lost or destroyed, or if any person desires a reissuance
of his or her license, the board may reissue it, subject to Section 4403, upon application therefor,
and the submission of satisfactory proof, if required by the board, that the license has been lost or
destroyed, or if the license has not been lost or destroyed, upon the surrender of the old license.
4405. Disposition of Fines
All fines recoverable under this chapter shall be paid by the magistrate receiving the same to the
board, except where other provision is made in this chapter for the disposition thereof.
4406. Report of Fees Collected
All fees collected on behalf of the board and all receipts of every kind and nature shall be
reported each month for the month preceding to the State Controller and at the same time the
entire amount shall be paid into the State Treasury and shall be credited to the Pharmacy Board
Contingent Fund which is hereby created. This contingent fund shall be for the use of the board
and out of it and not otherwise shall be paid all expenses of the board.
4407. Compensation of Members
All compensation of members and all other expenses of the board shall be paid out of the
examination and registration fees and fines.
4409. Contribution to California Pharmacist Scholarship and Repayment Program at
License Renewal
At the time a pharmacy license is renewed pursuant to subdivision (a) of Section 4110 or a
pharmacist license is renewed pursuant to Section 4401, the pharmacy or pharmacist may make a
contribution of at least twenty-five dollars ($25), to be submitted to the board, for the sole
purpose of funding the California Pharmacist Scholarship and Loan Repayment Program
established pursuant to Article 2 (commencing with Section 128198) of Chapter 3 of Part 3 of
Division 107 of the Health and Safety Code. The contribution submitted pursuant to this section
shall be paid into the State Treasury and credited to the California Pharmacist Scholarship and
Loan Repayment Program Fund established pursuant to Section 128198.5 of the Health and
Safety Code.
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Article 24. Prescription Rates for Medicare Beneficiaries
4425. Pharmacy Participation in Medi-Cal Program; Conditions; Department of Health
Care Services Utilization Review and Monitoring
(a) As a condition for the participation of a pharmacy in the Medi-Cal program pursuant to
Chapter 7 (commencing with Section 14000) of Division 9 of the Welfare and Institutions Code,
the pharmacy, upon presentation of a valid prescription for the patient and the patient's Medicare
card, shall charge Medicare beneficiaries a price that does not exceed the Medi-Cal
reimbursement rate for prescription medicines, and an amount, as set by the State Department of
Health Care Services to cover electronic transmission charges. However, Medicare beneficiaries
shall not be allowed to use the Medi-Cal reimbursement rate for over-the-counter medications or
compounded prescriptions.
(b) The State Department of Health Care Services shall provide a mechanism to calculate and
transmit the price to the pharmacy, but shall not apply the Medi-Cal drug utilization review
process for purposes of this section.
(c) The State Department of Health Care Services shall monitor pharmacy participation with the
requirements of subdivision (a).
(d) The State Department of Health Care Services shall conduct an outreach program to inform
Medicare beneficiaries of their right to participate in the program described in subdivision (a),
including, but not limited to, the following:
(1) Including on its Internet Web site the Medi-Cal reimbursement rate for, at minimum, 200 of
the most commonly prescribed medicines and updating this information monthly.
(2) Providing a sign to participating pharmacies that the pharmacies shall prominently display
at the point of service and at the point of sale, reminding the Medicare beneficiaries to ask that
the charge for their prescription be the same amount as the Medi-Cal reimbursement rate and
providing the department's telephone number, e-mail address, and Internet Web site address to
access information about the program.
(e) If prescription drugs are added to the scope of benefits available under the federal Medicare
program, the Senate Office of Research shall report that fact to the appropriate committees of the
Legislature. It is the intent of the Legislature to evaluate the need to continue the implementation
of this article under those circumstances.
(f) This section shall not apply to a prescription that is covered by insurance.
4426. Department of Public Health to Study Reimbursement Rates
The State Department of Public Health shall conduct a study of the adequacy of Medi-Cal
pharmacy reimbursement rates including the cost of providing prescription drugs and services.
OTHER IMPORTANT SECTIONS OF THE BUSINESS & PROFESSIONS CODE
31. Licensee or Applicant Name on Tax Delinquencies List
(a) As used in this section, "board" means any entity listed in Section 101, the entities referred to
in Sections 1000 and 3600, the State Bar, the Department of Real Estate, and any other state
agency that issues a license, certificate, or registration authorizing a person to engage in a
business or profession.
(b) Each applicant for the issuance or renewal of a license, certificate, registration, or other
means to engage in a business or profession regulated by a board who is not in compliance with a
judgment or order for support shall be subject to Section 17520 of the Family Code.
(c) "Compliance with a judgment or order for support" has the meaning given in paragraph (4)
of subdivision (a) of Section 17520 of the Family Code.
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(d) Each licensee or applicant whose name appears on a list of the 500 largest tax delinquencies
pursuant to Section 7063 or 19195 of the Revenue and Taxation Code shall be subject to Section
494.5.
(e) Each application for a new license or renewal of a license shall indicate on the application
that the law allows the State Board of Equalization and the Franchise Tax Board to share taxpayer
information with a board and requires the licensee to pay his or her state tax obligation and that
his or her license may be suspended if the state tax obligation is not paid.
(f) For purposes of this section, "tax obligation" means the tax imposed under, or in accordance
with, Part 1 (commencing with Section 6001), Part 1.5 (commencing with Section 7200), Part 1.6
(commencing with Section 7251), Part 1.7 (commencing with Section 7280), Part 10
(commencing with Section 17001), or Part 11 (commencing with Section 23001) of Division 2 of
the Revenue and Taxation Code.
40. Expert Consultant Agreement
(a) Subject to the standards described in Section 19130 of the Government Code, any board, as
defined in Section 22, the State Board of Chiropractic Examiners, or the Osteopathic Medical Board
of California may enter into an agreement with an expert consultant to do any of the following:
(1) Provide an expert opinion on enforcement-related matters, including providing testimony at an
administrative hearing.
(2) Assist the board as a subject matter expert in examination development, examination validation,
or occupational analyses.
(3) Evaluate the mental or physical health of a licensee or an applicant for a license as may be
necessary to protect the public health and safety.
(b) An executed contract between a board and an expert consultant shall be exempt from the
provisions of Part 2 (commencing with Section 10100) of Division 2 of the Public Contract Code.
(c) Each board shall establish policies and procedures for the selection and use of expert consultants.
(d) Nothing in this section shall be construed to expand the scope of practice of an expert consultant
providing services pursuant to this section.
[Edit. To protect and safeguard consumers and the public in this state, it is necessary that this act take
effect immediately—September 26, 2011]
114. Applicants; Military Service Inquiry
Commencing January 1, 2015, each board shall inquire in every application for licensure if the
individual applying for licensure is serving in, or has previously served in, the military.
115.5. Expedited Licensure Process
(a) A board within the department shall expedite the licensure process for an applicant who
meets both of the following requirements:
(1) Supplies evidence satisfactory to the board that the applicant is married to, or in a domestic
partnership or other legal union with, an active duty member of the Armed Forces of the United
States who is assigned to a duty station in this state under official active duty military orders.
(2) Holds a current license in another state, district, or territory of the United States in the
profession or vocation for which he or she seeks a license from the board.
(b) A board may adopt regulations necessary to administer this section.
125.3. Recovery of Investigation and Enforcement Costs: Procedures; Proof; Enforcement
(a) Except as otherwise provided by law, in any order issued in resolution of a disciplinary
proceeding before any board within the department or before the Osteopathic Medical Board,
upon request of the entity bringing the proceeding, the administrative law judge may direct a
licentiate found to have committed a violation or violations of the licensing act to pay a sum not
to exceed the reasonable costs of the investigation and enforcement of the case.
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(b) In the case of a disciplined licentiate that is a corporation or a partnership, the order may be
made against the licensed corporate entity or licensed partnership.
(c) A certified copy of the actual costs, or a good faith estimate of costs where actual costs are
not available, signed by the entity bringing the proceeding or its designated representative shall
be prima facie evidence of reasonable costs of investigation and prosecution of the case. The
costs shall include the amount of investigative and enforcement costs up to the date of the
hearing, including, but not limited to, charges imposed by the Attorney General.
(d) The administrative law judge shall make a proposed finding of the amount of reasonable
costs of investigation and prosecution of the case when requested pursuant to subdivision (a). The
finding of the administrative law judge with regard to costs shall not be reviewable by the board
to increase the cost award. The board may reduce or eliminate the cost award, or remand to the
administrative law judge if the proposed decision fails to make a finding on costs requested
pursuant to subdivision (a).
(e) If an order for recovery of costs is made and timely payment is not made as directed in the
board's decision, the board may enforce the order for repayment in any appropriate court. This
right of enforcement shall be in addition to any other rights the board may have as to any
licentiate to pay costs.
(f) In any action for recovery of costs, proof of the board's decision shall be conclusive proof of
the validity of the order of payment and the terms for payment.
(g) (1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), the board shall not renew or reinstate the license of
any licentiate who has failed to pay all of the costs ordered under this section.
(2) Notwithstanding paragraph (1), the board may, in its discretion, conditionally renew or
reinstate for a maximum of one year the license of any licentiate who demonstrates financial
hardship and who enters into a formal agreement with the board to reimburse the board within
that one-year period for the unpaid costs.
(h) All costs recovered under this section shall be considered a reimbursement for costs incurred
and shall be deposited in the fund of the board recovering the costs to be available upon
appropriation by the Legislature.
(i) Nothing in this section shall preclude a board from including the recovery of the costs of
investigation and enforcement of a case in any stipulated settlement.
(j) This section does not apply to any board if a specific statutory provision in that board's
licensing act provides for recovery of costs in an administrative disciplinary proceeding.
(k) Notwithstanding the provisions of this section, the Medical Board of California shall not
request nor obtain from a physician and surgeon, investigation and prosecution costs for a
disciplinary proceeding against the licentiate. The board shall ensure that this subdivision is
revenue neutral with regard to it and that any loss of revenue or increase in costs resulting from
this subdivision is offset by an increase in the amount of the initial license fee and the biennial
renewal fee, as provided in subdivision (e) of Section 2435.
125.9. Citation and Fine
(a) Except with respect to persons regulated under Chapter 11 (commencing with Section 7500),
and Chapter 11.6 (commencing with Section 7590) of Division 3, any board, bureau, or
commission within the department, the board created by the Chiropractic Initiative Act, and the
Osteopathic Medical Board of California, may establish, by regulation, a system for the issuance
to a licensee of a citation which may contain an order of abatement or an order to pay an
administrative fine assessed by the board, bureau, or commission where the licensee is in
violation of the applicable licensing act or any regulation adopted pursuant thereto.
(b) The system shall contain the following provisions:
(1) Citations shall be in writing and shall describe with particularity the nature of the violation,
including specific reference to the provision of law determined to have been violated.
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(2) Whenever appropriate, the citation shall contain an order of abatement fixing a reasonable
time for abatement of the violation.
(3) In no event shall the administrative fine assessed by the board, bureau, or commission
exceed five thousand dollars ($5,000) for each inspection or each investigation made with respect
to the violation, or five thousand dollars ($5,000) for each violation or count if the violation
involves fraudulent billing submitted to an insurance company, the Medi-Cal program, or
Medicare. In assessing a fine, the board, bureau, or commission shall give due consideration to
the appropriateness of the amount of the fine with respect to factors such as the gravity of the
violation, the good faith of the licensee, and the history of previous violations.
(4) A citation or fine assessment issued pursuant to a citation shall inform the licensee that if he
or she desires a hearing to contest the finding of a violation, that hearing shall be requested by
written notice to the board, bureau, or commission within 30 days of the date of issuance of the
citation or assessment. If a hearing is not requested pursuant to this section, payment of any fine
shall not constitute an admission of the violation charged. Hearings shall be held pursuant to
Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 11500) of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government
Code.
(5) Failure of a licensee to pay a fine within 30 days of the date of assessment, unless the
citation is being appealed, may result in disciplinary action being taken by the board, bureau, or
commission. Where a citation is not contested and a fine is not paid, the full amount of the
assessed fine shall be added to the fee for renewal of the license. A license shall not be renewed
without payment of the renewal fee and fine.
(c) The system may contain the following provisions:
(1) A citation may be issued without the assessment of an administrative fine.
(2) Assessment of administrative fines may be limited to only particular violations of the
applicable licensing act.
(d) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, if a fine is paid to satisfy an assessment based
on the finding of a violation, payment of the fine shall be represented as satisfactory resolution of
the matter for purposes of public disclosure.
(e) Administrative fines collected pursuant to this section shall be deposited in the special fund
of the particular board, bureau, or commission.
144.5. Authority To Receive Certified Records
Notwithstanding any other law, a board described in Section 144 may request, and is authorized
to receive, from a local or state agency certified records of all arrests and convictions, certified
records regarding probation, and any and all other related documentation needed to complete an
applicant or licensee investigation. A local or state agency may provide those records to the board
upon request.
148. Unlicensed Activity
Any board, bureau, or commission within the department may, in addition to the administrative
citation system authorized by Section 125.9, also establish, by regulation, a similar system for the
issuance of an administrative citation to an unlicensed person who is acting in the capacity of a
licensee or registrant under the jurisdiction of that board, bureau, or commission. The
administrative citation system authorized by this section shall meet the requirements of Section
125.9 and may not be applied to an unlicensed person who is otherwise exempted from the
provisions of the applicable licensing act. The establishment of an administrative citation system
for unlicensed activity does not preclude the use of other enforcement statutes for unlicensed
activities at the discretion of the board, bureau, or commission.
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208. CURES Fee Assessment
(a) Beginning April 1, 2014, a CURES fee of six dollars ($6) shall be assessed annually on each
of the licensees specified in subdivision (b) to pay the reasonable costs associated with operating
and maintaining CURES for the purpose of regulating those licensees. The fee assessed pursuant
to this subdivision shall be billed and collected by the regulating agency of each licensee at the
time of the licensee’s license renewal. If the reasonable regulatory cost of operating and
maintaining CURES is less than six dollars ($6) per licensee, the Department of Consumer
Affairs may, by regulation, reduce the fee established by this section to the reasonable regulatory
cost.
(b) (1) Licensees authorized pursuant to Section 11150 of the Health and Safety Code to
prescribe, order, administer, furnish, or dispense Schedule II, Schedule III, or Schedule IV
controlled substances or pharmacists licensed pursuant to Chapter 9 (commencing with Section
4000) of Division 2.
(2) Wholesalers and nonresident wholesalers of dangerous drugs licensed pursuant to Article 11
(commencing with Section 4160) of Chapter 9 of Division 2.
(3) Nongovernmental clinics licensed pursuant to Article 13 (commencing with Section 4180)
and Article 14 (commencing with Section 4190) of Chapter 9 of Division 2.
(4) Nongovernmental pharmacies licensed pursuant to Article 7 (commencing with Section 4110)
of Chapter 9 of Division 2.
(c) The funds collected pursuant to subdivision (a) shall be deposited in the CURES Fund, which
is hereby created within the State Treasury. Moneys in the CURES Fund shall, upon
appropriation by the Legislature, be available to the Department of Consumer Affairs to
reimburse the Department of Justice for costs to operate and maintain CURES for the purposes of
regulating the licensees specified in subdivision (b).
(d) The Department of Consumer Affairs shall contract with the Department of Justice on behalf
of the Medical Board of California, the Dental Board of California, the California State Board of
Pharmacy, the Veterinary Medical Board, the Board of Registered Nursing, the Physician
Assistant Board of the Medical Board of California, the Osteopathic Medical Board of California,
the Naturopathic Medicine Committee of the Osteopathic Medical Board, the State Board of
Optometry, and the California Board of Podiatric Medicine to operate and maintain CURES for
the purposes of regulating the licensees specified in subdivision (b).
209. CURES Prescription Drug Monitoring Program; Application and Approval Process
The Department of Justice, in conjunction with the Department of Consumer Affairs and the
boards and committees identified in subdivision (d) of Section 208, shall do all of the following:
(a) Identify and implement a streamlined application and approval process to provide access to
the CURES Prescription Drug Monitoring Program (PDMP) database for licensed health care
practitioners eligible to prescribe, order, administer, furnish, or dispense Schedule II, Schedule
III, or Schedule IV controlled substances and for pharmacists. Every reasonable effort shall be
made to implement a streamlined application and approval process that a licensed health care
practitioner or pharmacist can complete at the time that he or she is applying for licensure or
renewing his or her license.
(b) Identify necessary procedures to enable licensed health care practitioners and pharmacists
with access to the CURES PDMP to delegate their authority to order reports from the CURES
PDMP.
(c) Develop a procedure to enable health care practitioners who do not have a federal Drug
Enforcement Administration (DEA) number to opt out of applying for access to the CURES
PDMP.
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315.2 Violation of Probation; Order for Licensee to Cease Practice
(a) A board, as described in Section 315, shall order a licensee of the board to cease practice if
the licensee tests positive for any substance that is prohibited under the terms of the licensee’s
probation or diversion program.
(b) An order to cease practice under this section shall not be governed by the provisions of
Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 11500) of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government
Code.
(c) A cease practice order under this section shall not constitute disciplinary action.
(d) This section shall have no effect on the Board of Registered Nursing pursuant to Article 3.1
(commencing with Section 2770) of Chapter 6 of Division 2.
315.4. Order Clinical Diagnostic Evaluation for Licensee
(a) A board, as described in Section 315, may adopt regulations authorizing the board to order a
licensee on probation or in a diversion program to cease practice for major violations and when
the board orders a licensee to undergo a clinical diagnostic evaluation pursuant to the uniform and
specific standards adopted and authorized under Section 315.
(b) An order to cease practice under this section shall not be governed by the provisions of
Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 11500) of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government
Code.
(c) A cease practice order under this section shall not constitute disciplinary action.
(d) This section shall have no effect on the Board of Registered Nursing pursuant to
Article 3.1 (commencing with Section 2770) of Chapter 6 of Division 2.
460. Licensed Department of Consumer Affairs Businesses
(a) No city or county shall prohibit a person or group of persons, authorized by one of the
agencies in the Department of Consumer Affairs by a license, certificate, or other such means to
engage in a particular business, from engaging in that business, occupation, or profession or any
portion thereof.
(b) No city, county, or city and county shall prohibit a healing arts professional licensed with the
state under Division 2 (commencing with Section 500) from engaging in any act or performing
any procedure that falls within the professionally recognized scope of practice of that licensee.
(1) This subdivision shall not be construed to prohibit the enforcement of a local ordinance in
effect prior to January 1, 2010, related to any act or procedure that falls within the professionally
recognized scope of practice of a healing arts professional licensed under Division 2
(commencing with Section 500).
(2) This subdivision shall not be construed to prevent a city, county, or city and county from
adopting or enforcing any local ordinance governing zoning, business licensing, or reasonable
health and safety requirements for establishments of businesses of a healing arts professional
licensed under Division 2 (commencing with Section 500).
(c) Nothing in this section shall prohibit any city, county, or city and county from levying a
business license tax solely for revenue purposes, nor any city or county from levying a license tax
solely for the purpose of covering the cost of regulation.
476. Licensure/Registration Related to Section 31
(a) Except as provided in subdivision (b), nothing in this division shall apply to the licensure or
registration of persons pursuant to Chapter 4 (commencing with Section 6000) of Division 3, or
pursuant to Division 9 (commencing with Section 23000) or pursuant to Chapter 5 (commencing
with Section 19800) of Division 8.
(b) Section 494.5 shall apply to the licensure of persons authorized to practice law pursuant to
Chapter 4 (commencing with Section 6000) of Division 3, and the licensure or registration of
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persons pursuant to Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 19800) of Division 8 or pursuant to
Division 9 (commencing with Section 23000).
480. Denial of Licenses
(a) A board may deny a license regulated by this code on the grounds that the applicant has one
of the following:
(1) Been convicted of a crime. A conviction within the meaning of this section means a plea or
verdict of guilty or a conviction following a plea of nolo contendere. Any action that a board is
permitted to take following the establishment of a conviction may be taken when the time for
appeal has elapsed, or the judgment of conviction has been affirmed on appeal, or when an order
granting probation is made suspending the imposition of sentence, irrespective of a subsequent
order under the provisions of Section 1203.4 of the Penal Code.
(2) Done any act involving dishonesty, fraud, or deceit with the intent to substantially benefit
himself or herself or another, or substantially injure another.
(3) (A) Done any act that if done by a licentiate of the business or profession in question,
would be grounds for suspension or revocation of license.
(B) The board may deny a license pursuant to this subdivision only if the crime or act is
substantially related to the qualifications, functions, or duties of the business or profession for
which application is made.
(b) Notwithstanding any other provision of this code, no person shall be denied a license solely
on the basis that he or she has been convicted of a felony if he or she has obtained a certificate of
rehabilitation under Chapter 3.5 (commencing with Section 4852.01) of Title 6 of Part 3 of the
Penal Code or that he or she has been convicted of a misdemeanor if he or she has met all
applicable requirements of the criteria of rehabilitation developed by the board to evaluate the
rehabilitation of a person when considering the denial of a license under subdivision (a) of
Section 482.
(c) A board may deny a license regulated by this code on the ground that the applicant
knowingly made a false statement of fact required to be revealed in the application for the license.
494.5. License Shall Not be Issued, Reactivated, Reinstated, or Renewed and be Suspended
if Named on Certified Tax Delinquencies List
(a) (1) Except as provided in paragraphs (2), (3), and (4), a state governmental licensing entity
shall refuse to issue, reactivate, reinstate, or renew a license and shall suspend a license if a
licensee's name is included on a certified list.
(2) The Department of Motor Vehicles shall suspend a license if a licensee's name is included
on a certified list. Any reference in this section to the issuance, reactivation, reinstatement,
renewal, or denial of a license shall not apply to the Department of Motor Vehicles.
(3) The State Bar of California may recommend to refuse to issue, reactivate, reinstate, or
renew a license and may recommend to suspend a license if a licensee's name is included on a
certified list. The word "may" shall be substituted for the word "shall" relating to the issuance of a
temporary license, refusal to issue, reactivate, reinstate, renew, or suspend a license in this section
for licenses under the jurisdiction of the California Supreme Court.
(4) The Alcoholic Beverage Control Board may refuse to issue, reactivate, reinstate, or renew
a license, and may suspend a license, if a licensee's name is included on a certified list.
(b) For purposes of this section:
(1) "Certified list" means either the list provided by the State
Board of Equalization or the list provided by the Franchise Tax Board of persons whose names
appear on the lists of the 500 largest tax delinquencies pursuant to Section 7063 or 19195 of the
Revenue and Taxation Code, as applicable.
(2) "License" includes a certificate, registration, or any other authorization to engage in a
profession or occupation issued by a state governmental licensing entity. "License" includes a
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driver's license issued pursuant to Chapter 1 (commencing with Section 12500) of Division 6 of
the Vehicle Code. "License" excludes a vehicle registration issued pursuant to Division 3
(commencing with Section 4000) of the Vehicle Code.
(3) "Licensee" means an individual authorized by a license to drive a motor vehicle or
authorized by a license, certificate, registration, or other authorization to engage in a profession or
occupation issued by a state governmental licensing entity.
(4) "State governmental licensing entity" means any entity listed in Section 101, 1000, or
19420, the office of the Attorney General, the Department of Insurance, the Department of Motor
Vehicles, the State Bar of California, the Department of Real Estate, and any other state agency,
board, or commission that issues a license, certificate, or registration authorizing an individual to
engage in a profession or occupation, including any certificate, business or occupational license,
or permit or license issued by the Department of Motor Vehicles or the Department of the
California Highway Patrol. "State governmental licensing entity" shall not include the
Contractors' State License Board.
(c) The State Board of Equalization and the Franchise Tax Board shall each submit its respective
certified list to every state governmental licensing entity. The certified lists shall include the
name, social security number or taxpayer identification number, and the last known address of the
persons identified on the certified lists.
(d) Notwithstanding any other law, each state governmental licensing entity shall collect the
social security number or the federal taxpayer identification number from all applicants for the
purposes of matching the names of the certified lists provided by the State Board of Equalization
and the Franchise Tax Board to applicants and licensees.
(e) (1) Each state governmental licensing entity shall determine whether an applicant or licensee
is on the most recent certified list provided by the State Board of Equalization and the Franchise
Tax Board.
(2) If an applicant or licensee is on either of the certified lists, the state governmental licensing
entity shall immediately provide a preliminary notice to the applicant or licensee of the entity's
intent to suspend or withhold issuance or renewal of the license. The preliminary notice shall be
delivered personally or by mail to the applicant's or licensee's last known mailing address on file
with the state governmental licensing entity within 30 days of receipt of the certified list. Service
by mail shall be completed in accordance with Section 1013 of the Code of Civil Procedure.
(A) The state governmental licensing entity shall issue a temporary license valid for a period
of 90 days to any applicant whose name is on a certified list if the applicant is otherwise eligible
for a license.
(B) The 90-day time period for a temporary license shall not be extended. Only one temporary
license shall be issued during a regular license term and the term of the temporary license shall
coincide with the first 90 days of the regular license term. A license for the full term or the
remainder of the license term may be issued or renewed only upon compliance with this section.
(C) In the event that a license is suspended or an application for a license or the renewal of a
license is denied pursuant to this section, any funds paid by the applicant or licensee shall not be
refunded by the state governmental licensing entity.
(f) (1) A state governmental licensing entity shall refuse to issue or shall suspend a license
pursuant to this section no sooner than 90 days and no later than 120 days of the mailing of the
preliminary notice described in paragraph (2) of subdivision (e), unless the state governmental
licensing entity has received a release pursuant to subdivision (h). The procedures in the
administrative adjudication provisions of the Administrative Procedure Act (Chapter 4.5
(commencing with Section 11400) and Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 11500) of Part 1 of
Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code) shall not apply to the denial or suspension of, or
refusal to renew, a license or the issuance of a temporary license pursuant to this section.
(2) Notwithstanding any other law, if a board, bureau, or commission listed in Section 101,
other than the Contractors' State License Board, fails to take action in accordance with this
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section, the Department of Consumer Affairs shall issue a temporary license or suspend or refuse
to issue, reactivate, reinstate, or renew a license, as appropriate.
(g) Notices shall be developed by each state governmental licensing entity. For an applicant or
licensee on the State Board of Equalization's certified list, the notice shall include the address and
telephone number of the State Board of Equalization, and shall emphasize the necessity of
obtaining a release from the State Board of Equalization as a condition for the issuance, renewal,
or continued valid status of a license or licenses. For an applicant or licensee on the Franchise
Tax Board's certified list, the notice shall include the address and telephone number of the
Franchise Tax Board, and shall emphasize the necessity of obtaining a release from the Franchise
Tax Board as a condition for the issuance, renewal, or continued valid status of a license or
licenses.
(1) The notice shall inform the applicant that the state governmental licensing entity shall issue
a temporary license, as provided in subparagraph (A) of paragraph (2) of subdivision (e), for 90
calendar days if the applicant is otherwise eligible and that upon expiration of that time period,
the license will be denied unless the state governmental licensing entity has received a release
from the State Board of Equalization or the Franchise Tax Board, whichever is applicable.
(2) The notice shall inform the licensee that any license suspended under this section will
remain suspended until the state governmental licensing entity receives a release along with
applications and fees, if applicable, to reinstate the license.
(3) The notice shall also inform the applicant or licensee that if an application is denied or a
license is suspended pursuant to this section, any moneys paid by the applicant or licensee shall
not be refunded by the state governmental licensing entity. The state governmental licensing
entity shall also develop a form that the applicant or licensee shall use to request a release by the
State Board of Equalization or the Franchise Tax Board. A copy of this form shall be included
with every notice sent pursuant to this subdivision.
(h) If the applicant or licensee wishes to challenge the submission of his or her name on a
certified list, the applicant or licensee shall make a timely written request for release to the State
Board of Equalization or the Franchise Tax Board, whichever is applicable. The State Board of
Equalization or the Franchise Tax Board shall immediately send a release to the appropriate state
governmental licensing entity and the applicant or licensee, if any of the following conditions are
met:
(1) The applicant or licensee has complied with the tax obligation, either by payment of the
unpaid taxes or entry into an installment payment agreement, as described in Section 6832 or
19008 of the Revenue and Taxation Code, to satisfy the unpaid taxes.
(2) The applicant or licensee has submitted a request for release not later than 45 days after the
applicant's or licensee's receipt of a preliminary notice described in paragraph (2) of subdivision
(e), but the State Board of Equalization or the Franchise Tax Board, whichever is applicable, will
be unable to complete the release review and send notice of its findings to the applicant or
licensee and state governmental licensing entity within 45 days after the State Board of
Equalization's or the Franchise Tax Board's receipt of the applicant's or licensee's request for
release. Whenever a release is granted under this paragraph, and, notwithstanding that release, the
applicable license or licenses have been suspended erroneously, the state governmental licensing
entity shall reinstate the applicable licenses with retroactive effect back to the date of the
erroneous suspension and that suspension shall not be reflected on any license record.
(3) The applicant or licensee is unable to pay the outstanding tax obligation due to a current
financial hardship. "Financial hardship" means financial hardship as determined by the State
Board of Equalization or the Franchise Tax Board, whichever is applicable, where the applicant
or licensee is unable to pay any part of the outstanding liability and the applicant or licensee is
unable to qualify for an installment payment arrangement as provided for by Section 6832 or
Section 19008 of the Revenue and Taxation Code. In order to establish the existence of a
financial hardship, the applicant or licensee shall submit any information, including information
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related to reasonable business and personal expenses, requested by the State Board of
Equalization or the Franchise Tax Board, whichever is applicable, for purposes of making that
determination.
(i) An applicant or licensee is required to act with diligence in responding to notices from the
state governmental licensing entity and the State Board of Equalization or the Franchise Tax
Board with the recognition that the temporary license will lapse or the license suspension will go
into effect after 90 days and that the State Board of Equalization or the Franchise Tax Board must
have time to act within that period. An applicant's or licensee's delay in acting, without good
cause, which directly results in the inability of the State Board of Equalization or the Franchise
Tax Board, whichever is applicable, to complete a review of the applicant's or licensee's request
for release shall not constitute the diligence required under this section which would justify the
issuance of a release. An applicant or licensee shall have the burden of establishing that he
or she diligently responded to notices from the state governmental licensing entity or the State
Board of Equalization or the Franchise Tax Board and that any delay was not without good cause.
(j) The State Board of Equalization or the Franchise Tax Board shall create release forms for use
pursuant to this section. When the applicant or licensee has complied with the tax obligation by
payment of the unpaid taxes, or entry into an installment payment agreement, or establishing the
existence of a current financial hardship as defined in paragraph (3) of subdivision (h), the State
Board of Equalization or the Franchise Tax Board, whichever is applicable, shall mail a release
form to the applicant or licensee and provide a release to the appropriate state governmental
licensing entity. Any state governmental licensing entity that has received a release from the State
Board of Equalization and the Franchise Tax Board pursuant to this subdivision shall process the
release within five business days of its receipt. If the State Board of Equalization or the Franchise
Tax Board determines subsequent to the issuance of a release that the licensee has not complied
with their installment payment agreement, the State Board of Equalization or the Franchise
Tax Board, whichever is applicable, shall notify the state governmental licensing entity and the
licensee in a format prescribed by the State Board of Equalization or the Franchise Tax Board,
whichever is applicable, that the licensee is not in compliance and the release shall be rescinded.
The State Board of Equalization and the Franchise Tax Board may, when it is economically
feasible for the state governmental licensing entity to develop an automated process for
complying with this subdivision, notify the state governmental licensing entity in a manner
prescribed by the State Board of Equalization or the Franchise Tax Board, whichever is
applicable, that the licensee has not complied with the installment payment agreement. Upon
receipt of this notice, the state governmental licensing entity shall immediately notify the licensee
on a form prescribed by the state governmental licensing entity that the licensee's license will be
suspended on a specific date, and this date shall be no longer than 30 days from the date the form
is mailed. The licensee shall be further notified that the license will remain suspended until a new
release is issued in accordance with this subdivision.
(k) The State Board of Equalization and the Franchise Tax Board may enter into interagency
agreements with the state governmental licensing entities necessary to implement this section.
(l) Notwithstanding any other law, a state governmental licensing entity, with the approval of the
appropriate department director or governing body, may impose a fee on a licensee whose license
has been suspended pursuant to this section. The fee shall not exceed the amount necessary for
the state governmental licensing entity to cover its costs in carrying out the provisions of this
section. Fees imposed pursuant to this section shall be deposited in the fund in which other fees
imposed by the state governmental licensing entity are deposited and shall be available to that
entity upon appropriation in the annual Budget Act.
(m) The process described in subdivision (h) shall constitute the sole administrative remedy for
contesting the issuance of a temporary license or the denial or suspension of a license under this
section.
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(n) Any state governmental licensing entity receiving an inquiry as to the licensed status of an
applicant or licensee who has had a license denied or suspended under this section or who has
been granted a temporary license under this section shall respond that the license was denied or
suspended or the temporary license was issued only because the licensee appeared on a list of the
500 largest tax delinquencies pursuant to Section 7063 or 19195 of the Revenue and Taxation
Code. Information collected pursuant to this section by any state agency, board, or department
shall be subject to the Information Practices Act of 1977 (Chapter 1 (commencing with Section
1798) of Title 1.8 of Part 4 of Division 3 of the Civil Code). Any state governmental licensing
entity that discloses on its Internet Web site or other publication that the licensee has had a
license denied or suspended under this section or has been granted a temporary license under this
section shall prominently disclose, in bold and adjacent to the information regarding the status of
the license, that the only reason the license was denied, suspended, or temporarily issued is
because the licensee failed to pay taxes.
(o) Any rules and regulations issued pursuant to this section by any state agency, board, or
department may be adopted as emergency regulations in accordance with the rulemaking
provisions of the Administrative Procedure Act (Chapter 3.5 (commencing with Section 11340)
of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code).
The adoption of these regulations shall be deemed an emergency and necessary for the immediate
preservation of the public peace, health, and safety, or general welfare. The regulations shall
become effective immediately upon filing with the Secretary of State.
(p) The State Board of Equalization, the Franchise Tax Board, and state governmental licensing
entities, as appropriate, shall adopt regulations as necessary to implement this section.
(q) (1) Neither the state governmental licensing entity, nor any officer, employee, or agent, or
former officer, employee, or agent of a state governmental licensing entity, may disclose or use
any information obtained from the State Board of Equalization or the Franchise Tax Board,
pursuant to this section, except to inform the public of the denial, refusal to renew, or suspension
of a license or the issuance of a temporary license pursuant to this section. The release or other
use of information received by a state governmental licensing entity pursuant to this section,
except as authorized by this section, is punishable as a misdemeanor. This subdivision may not be
interpreted to prevent the State Bar of California from filing a request with the Supreme Court of
California to suspend a member of the bar pursuant to this section.
(2) A suspension of, or refusal to renew, a license or issuance of a temporary license pursuant
to this section does not constitute denial or discipline of a licensee for purposes of any reporting
requirements to the National Practitioner Data Bank and shall not be reported to the National
Practitioner Data Bank or the Healthcare Integrity and Protection Data Bank.
(3) Upon release from the certified list, the suspension or revocation of the applicant's or
licensee's license shall be purged from the state governmental licensing entity's Internet Web site
or other publication within three business days. This paragraph shall not apply to the State Bar of
California.
(r) If any provision of this section or the application thereof to any person or circumstance is
held invalid, that invalidity shall not affect other provisions or applications of this section that can
be given effect without the invalid provision or application, and to this end the provisions of this
section are severable.
(s) All rights to review afforded by this section to an applicant shall also be afforded to a
licensee.
(t) Unless otherwise provided in this section, the policies, practices, and procedures of a state
governmental licensing entity with respect to license suspensions under this section shall be the
same as those applicable with respect to suspensions pursuant to Section 17520 of the Family
Code.
(u) No provision of this section shall be interpreted to allow a court to review and prevent the
collection of taxes prior to the payment of those taxes in violation of the California Constitution.
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(v) This section shall apply to any licensee whose name appears on a list of the 500 largest tax
delinquencies pursuant to Section 7063 or 19195 of the Revenue and Taxation Code on or after
July 1, 2012.
650. Rebates or Discounts for Referral Prohibited
(a) Except as provided in Chapter 2.3 (commencing with Section 1400) of Division 2 of the
Health and Safety Code, the offer, delivery, receipt, or acceptance by any person licensed under
this division or the Chiropractic Initiative Act of any rebate, refund, commission, preference,
patronage dividend, discount, or other consideration, whether in the form of money or otherwise,
as compensation or inducement for referring patients, clients, or customers to any person,
irrespective of any membership, proprietary interest or coownership in or with any person to
whom these patients, clients, or customers are referred is unlawful.
(b) The payment or receipt of consideration for services other than the referral of patients which
is based on a percentage of gross revenue or similar type of contractual arrangement shall not be
unlawful if the consideration is commensurate with the value of the services furnished or with the
fair rental value of any premises or equipment leased or provided by the recipient to the payer.
(c) The offer, delivery, receipt, or acceptance of any consideration between a federally qualified
health center, as defined in Section 1396d(l)(2)(B) of Title 42 of the United States Code, and any
individual or entity providing goods, items, services, donations, loans, or a combination thereof,
to the health center entity pursuant to a contract, lease, grant, loan, or other agreement, if that
agreement contributes to the ability of the health center entity to maintain or increase the
availability, or enhance the quality, of services provided to a medically underserved population
served by the health center, shall be permitted only to the extent sanctioned or permitted by
federal law.
(d) Except as provided in Chapter 2.3 (commencing with Section 1400) of Division 2 of the
Health and Safety Code and in Sections 654.1 and 654.2 of this code, it shall not be unlawful for
any person licensed under this division to refer a person to any laboratory, pharmacy, clinic
(including entities exempt from licensure pursuant to Section 1206 of the Health and Safety
Code), or health care facility solely because the licensee has a proprietary interest or coownership
in the laboratory, pharmacy, clinic, or health care facility; provided, however, that the licensee's
return on investment for that proprietary interest or coownership shall be based upon the amount
of the capital investment or proportional ownership of the licensee which ownership interest is
not based on the number or value of any patients referred. Any referral excepted under this
section shall be unlawful if the prosecutor proves that there was no valid medical need for the
referral.
(e) Except as provided in Chapter 2.3 (commencing with Section 1400) of Division 2 of the
Health and Safety Code and in Sections 654.1 and 654.2 of this code, it shall not be unlawful to
provide nonmonetary remuneration, in the form of hardware, software, or information technology
and training services, as described in subsections (x) and (y) of Section 1001.952 of Title 42 of
the Code of Federal Regulations, as amended October 4, 2007, as published in the Federal
Register (72 Fed. Reg. 56632 and 56644), and subsequently amended versions.
(f) "Health care facility" means a general acute care hospital, acute psychiatric hospital, skilled
nursing facility, intermediate care facility, and any other health facility licensed by the State
Department of Public Health under Chapter 2 (commencing with Section 1250) of Division 2 of
the Health and Safety Code.
(g) A violation of this section is a public offense and is punishable upon a first conviction by
imprisonment in a county jail for not more than one year, or by imprisonment in the state prison,
or by a fine not exceeding fifty thousand dollars ($50,000), or by both that imprisonment and
fine. A second or subsequent conviction is punishable by imprisonment in the state prison or by
imprisonment in the state prison and a fine of fifty thousand dollars ($50,000).
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650.1. Lease Prohibition –Hospitals or Prescribers
(a) Any amount payable to any hospital, as defined in Section 4028, or any person or
corporation prohibited from pharmacy permit ownership by subdivision (a) of Section 4111 under
any rental, lease or service arrangement with respect to the furnishing or supply of
pharmaceutical services and products, which is determined as a percentage, fraction, or portion of
(1) the charges to patients or of (2) any measure of hospital or pharmacy revenue or cost, for
pharmaceuticals and pharmaceutical services is prohibited.
(b) Any lease or rental arrangement existing on the effective date of this section shall be in full
compliance with subdivision (a) by January 1, 1986.
(c) Any lease or rental agreement entered into prior to January 1, 1980, that extends beyond the
effective date of this section shall be construed to be in compliance with this section until its
expiration or the expiration of any option which is contained in any such lease or rental
agreement provided that the lease or rental agreement contains provisions which limit pharmacy
charges to the amounts not in excess of the prevailing charges in similar hospitals in the general
geographic area.
(d) The California State Board of Pharmacy, the Medical Board of California, and the State
Department of Health Services shall enforce this section and may require information from any
person as is necessary for the enforcement of this section. It shall be the duty of the licensees of
the respective regulatory agencies to produce the requisite evidence to show compliance with this
section. Violations of this section shall be deemed to be the mutual responsibility of both lessee
and lessor, and shall be grounds for disciplinary action or other sanctions against both.
651. Professional Advertising Requirements
(a) It is unlawful for any person licensed under this division or under any initiative act referred
to in this division to disseminate or cause to be disseminated any form of public communication
containing a false, fraudulent, misleading, or deceptive statement, claim, or image for the purpose
of or likely to induce, directly or indirectly, the rendering of professional services or furnishing of
products in connection with the professional practice or business for which he or she is licensed.
A "public communication" as used in this section includes, but is not limited to, communication
by means of mail, television, radio, motion picture, newspaper, book, list or directory of healing
arts practitioners, Internet, or other electronic communication.
(b) A false, fraudulent, misleading, or deceptive statement, claim, or image includes a statement
or claim that does any of the following:
(1) Contains a misrepresentation of fact.
(2) Is likely to mislead or deceive because of a failure to disclose material facts.
(3) (A) Is intended or is likely to create false or unjustified expectations of favorable results,
including the use of any photograph or other image that does not accurately depict the results of
the procedure being advertised or that has been altered in any manner from the image of the
actual subject depicted in the photograph or image.
(B) Use of any photograph or other image of a model without clearly stating in a prominent
location in easily readable type the fact that the photograph or image is of a model is a violation
of subdivision (a). For purposes of this paragraph, a model is anyone other than an actual patient,
who has undergone the procedure being advertised, of the licensee who is advertising for his or
her services.
(C) Use of any photograph or other image of an actual patient that depicts or purports to
depict the results of any procedure, or presents "before" and "after" views of a patient, without
specifying in a prominent location in easily readable type size what procedures were performed
on that patient is a violation of subdivision (a). Any "before" and "after" views (i) shall be
comparable in presentation so that the results are not distorted by favorable poses, lighting, or
other features of presentation, and (ii) shall contain a statement that the same "before" and "after"
results may not occur for all patients.
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(4) Relates to fees, other than a standard consultation fee or a range of fees for specific types of
services, without fully and specifically disclosing all variables and other material factors.
(5) Contains other representations or implications that in reasonable probability will cause an
ordinarily prudent person to misunderstand or be deceived.
(6) Makes a claim either of professional superiority or of performing services in a superior
manner, unless that claim is relevant to the service being performed and can be substantiated with
objective scientific evidence.
(7) Makes a scientific claim that cannot be substantiated by reliable, peer reviewed, published
scientific studies.
(8) Includes any statement, endorsement, or testimonial that is likely to mislead or deceive
because of a failure to disclose material facts.
(c) Any price advertisement shall be exact, without the use of phrases, including, but not limited
to, "as low as," "and up," "lowest prices," or words or phrases of similar import. Any
advertisement that refers to services, or costs for services, and that uses words of comparison
shall be based on verifiable data substantiating the comparison. Any person so advertising shall
be prepared to provide information sufficient to establish the accuracy of that comparison. Price
advertising shall not be fraudulent, deceitful, or misleading, including statements or
advertisements of bait, discount, premiums, gifts, or any statements of a similar nature. In
connection with price advertising, the price for each product or service shall be clearly
identifiable. The price advertised for products shall include charges for any related professional
services, including dispensing and fitting services, unless the advertisement specifically and
clearly indicates otherwise.
(d) Any person so licensed shall not compensate or give anything of value to a representative of
the press, radio, television, or other communication medium in anticipation of, or in return for,
professional publicity unless the fact of compensation is made known in that publicity.
(e) Any person so licensed may not use any professional card, professional announcement card,
office sign, letterhead, telephone directory listing, medical list, medical directory listing, or a
similar professional notice or device if it includes a statement or claim that is false, fraudulent,
misleading, or deceptive within the meaning of subdivision (b).
(f) Any person so licensed who violates this section is guilty of a misdemeanor. A bona fide
mistake of fact shall be a defense to this subdivision, but only to this subdivision.
(g) Any violation of this section by a person so licensed shall constitute good cause for
revocation or suspension of his or her license or other disciplinary action.
(h) Advertising by any person so licensed may include the following:
(1) A statement of the name of the practitioner.
(2) A statement of addresses and telephone numbers of the offices maintained by the
practitioner.
(3) A statement of office hours regularly maintained by the practitioner.
(4) A statement of languages, other than English, fluently spoken by the practitioner or a
person in the practitioner's office.
(5) (A) A statement that the practitioner is certified by a private or public board or agency or a
statement that the practitioner limits his or her practice to specific fields.
(i) For the purposes of this section, a dentist licensed under
Chapter 4 (commencing with Section 1600) may not hold himself or herself out as a specialist, or
advertise membership in or specialty recognition by an accrediting organization, unless the
practitioner has completed a specialty education program approved by the American Dental
Association and the Commission on Dental Accreditation, is eligible for examination by a
national specialty board recognized by the American Dental Association, or is a diplomate of a
national specialty board recognized by the American Dental Association.
(ii) A dentist licensed under Chapter 4 (commencing with Section
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1600) shall not represent to the public or advertise accreditation either in a specialty area of
practice or by a board not meeting the requirements of clause (i) unless the dentist has attained
membership in or otherwise been credentialed by an accrediting organization that is recognized
by the board as a bona fide organization for that area of dental practice. In order to be recognized
by the board as a bona fide accrediting organization for a specific area of dental practice other
than a specialty area of dentistry authorized under clause (i), the organization shall condition
membership or credentialing of its members upon all of the following:
(I) Successful completion of a formal, full-time advanced education program that is
affiliated with or sponsored by a university based dental school and is beyond the dental degree at
a graduate or postgraduate level.
(II) Prior didactic training and clinical experience in the specific area of dentistry that is
greater than that of other dentists.
(III) Successful completion of oral and written examinations based on psychometric
principles.
(iii) Notwithstanding the requirements of clauses (i) and (ii), a dentist who lacks
membership in or certification, diplomate status, other similar credentials, or completed advanced
training approved as bona fide either by an American Dental Association recognized accrediting
organization or by the board, may announce a practice emphasis in any other area of dental
practice only if the dentist incorporates in capital letters or some other manner clearly
distinguishable from the rest of the announcement, solicitation, or advertisement that he or she is
a general dentist.
(iv) A statement of certification by a practitioner licensed under Chapter 7 (commencing
with Section 3000) shall only include a statement that he or she is certified or eligible for
certification by a private or public board or parent association recognized by that practitioner's
licensing board.
(B) A physician and surgeon licensed under Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 2000) by
the Medical Board of California may include a statement that he or she limits his or her practice
to specific fields, but shall not include a statement that he or she is certified or eligible for
certification by a private or public board or parent association, including, but not limited to, a
multidisciplinary board or association, unless that board or association is (i) an American Board
of Medical Specialties member board, (ii) a board or association with equivalent requirements
approved by that physician and surgeon's licensing board, or (iii) a board or association with an
Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education approved postgraduate training program
that provides complete training in that specialty or subspecialty. A physician and surgeon
licensed under Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 2000) by the Medical Board of California
who is certified by an organization other than a board or association referred to in clause (i), (ii),
or (iii) shall not use the term "board certified" in reference to that certification, unless the
physician and surgeon is also licensed under Chapter 4 (commencing with Section 1600) and the
use of the term "board certified" in reference to that certification is in accordance with
subparagraph (A). A physician and surgeon licensed under Chapter 5 (commencing with Section
2000) by the Medical Board of California who is certified by a board or association referred to in
clause (i), (ii), or (iii) shall not use the term "board certified" unless the full name of the certifying
board is also used and given comparable prominence with the term "board certified" in the
statement. For purposes of this subparagraph, a "multidisciplinary board or association" means
an educational certifying body that has a psychometrically valid testing process, as determined by
the Medical Board of California, for certifying medical doctors and other health care
professionals that is based on the applicant's education, training, and experience.
For purposes of the term "board certified," as used in this subparagraph, the terms "board" and
"association" mean an organization that is an American Board of Medical Specialties member
board, an organization with equivalent requirements approved by a physician and surgeon's
licensing board, or an organization with an Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical
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Education approved postgraduate training program that provides complete training in a specialty
or subspecialty. The Medical Board of California shall adopt regulations to establish and collect a
reasonable fee from each board or association applying for recognition pursuant to this
subparagraph. The fee shall not exceed the cost of administering this subparagraph.
Notwithstanding Section 2 of Chapter 1660 of the Statutes of 1990, this subparagraph shall
become operative July 1, 1993. However, an administrative agency or accrediting organization
may take any action contemplated by this subparagraph relating to the establishment or approval
of specialist requirements on and after January 1, 1991.
(C) A doctor of podiatric medicine licensed under Chapter 5 (commencing with Section
2000) by the Medical Board of California may include a statement that he or she is certified or
eligible or qualified for certification by a private or public board or parent association, including,
but not limited to, a multidisciplinary board or association, if that board or association meets one
of the following requirements:
(i) is approved by the Council on Podiatric Medical Education,
(ii) is a board or association with equivalent requirements approved by the California
Board of Podiatric Medicine, or (iii) is a board or association with the Council on Podiatric
Medical Education approved postgraduate training programs that provide training in podiatric
medicine and podiatric surgery. A doctor of podiatric medicine licensed under Chapter 5
(commencing with Section 2000) by the Medical Board of California who is certified by a board
or association referred to in clause (i), (ii), or (iii) shall not use the term "board certified" unless
the full name of the certifying board is also used and given comparable prominence with the term
"board certified" in the statement. A doctor of podiatric medicine licensed under Chapter 5
(commencing with Section 2000) by the Medical Board of California who is certified by an
organization other than a board or association referred to in clause (i), (ii), or (iii) shall not use the
term "board certified" in reference to that certification.
For purposes of this subparagraph, a "multidisciplinary board or association" means an
educational certifying body that has a psychometrically valid testing process, as determined by
the California Board of Podiatric Medicine, for certifying doctors of podiatric medicine that is
based on the applicant's education, training, and experience. For purposes of the term "board
certified," as used in this subparagraph, the terms "board" and "association" mean an organization
that is a Council on Podiatric Medical Education approved board, an organization with equivalent
requirements approved by the California Board of Podiatric Medicine, or an organization with a
Council on Podiatric Medical Education approved postgraduate training program that provides
training in podiatric medicine and podiatric surgery.
The California Board of Podiatric Medicine shall adopt regulations to establish and collect a
reasonable fee from each board or association applying for recognition pursuant to this
subparagraph, to be deposited in the State Treasury in the Podiatry Fund, pursuant to Section
2499. The fee shall not exceed the cost of administering this subparagraph.
(6) A statement that the practitioner provides services under a specified private or public
insurance plan or health care plan.
(7) A statement of names of schools and postgraduate clinical training programs from which
the practitioner has graduated, together with the degrees received.
(8) A statement of publications authored by the practitioner.
(9) A statement of teaching positions currently or formerly held by the practitioner, together
with pertinent dates.
(10) A statement of his or her affiliations with hospitals or clinics.
(11) A statement of the charges or fees for services or commodities offered by the practitioner.
(12) A statement that the practitioner regularly accepts installment payments of fees.
(13) Otherwise lawful images of a practitioner, his or her physical facilities, or of a commodity
to be advertised.
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(14) A statement of the manufacturer, designer, style, make, trade name, brand name, color,
size, or type of commodities advertised.
(15) An advertisement of a registered dispensing optician may include statements in addition to
those specified in paragraphs (1) to (14), inclusive, provided that any statement shall not violate
subdivision (a), (b), (c), or (e) or any other section of this code.
(16) A statement, or statements, providing public health information encouraging preventative
or corrective care.
(17) Any other item of factual information that is not false, fraudulent, misleading, or likely to
deceive.
(i) Each of the healing arts boards and examining committees within Division 2 shall adopt
appropriate regulations to enforce this section in accordance with Chapter 3.5 (commencing with
Section 11340) of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code.
Each of the healing arts boards and committees and examining committees within Division 2
shall, by regulation, define those efficacious services to be advertised by businesses or
professions under their jurisdiction for the purpose of determining whether advertisements are
false or misleading. Until a definition for that service has been issued, no advertisement for that
service shall be disseminated. However, if a definition of a service has not been issued by a
board or committee within 120 days of receipt of a request from a licensee, all those holding the
license may advertise the service. Those boards and committees shall adopt or modify
regulations defining what services may be advertised, the manner in which defined services may
be advertised, and restricting advertising that would promote the inappropriate or excessive use of
health services or commodities. A board or committee shall not, by regulation, unreasonably
prevent truthful, nondeceptive price or otherwise lawful forms of advertising of services or
commodities, by either outright prohibition or imposition of onerous disclosure requirements.
However, any member of a board or committee acting in good faith in the adoption or
enforcement of any regulation shall be deemed to be acting as an agent of the state.
(j) The Attorney General shall commence legal proceedings in the appropriate forum to enjoin
advertisements disseminated or about to be disseminated in violation of this section and seek
other appropriate relief to enforce this section. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the
costs of enforcing this section to the respective licensing boards or committees may be awarded
against any licensee found to be in violation of any provision of this section. This shall not
diminish the power of district attorneys, county counsels, or city attorneys pursuant to existing
law to seek appropriate relief.
(k) A physician and surgeon or doctor of podiatric medicine licensed pursuant to Chapter 5
(commencing with Section 2000) by the Medical Board of California who knowingly and
intentionally violates this section may be cited and assessed an administrative fine not to exceed
ten thousand dollars ($10,000) per event. Section 125.9 shall govern the issuance of this citation
and fine except that the fine limitations prescribed in paragraph (3) of subdivision (b) of Section
125.9 shall not apply to a fine under this subdivision.
652. Violation as Unprofessional Conduct
Violation of this article in the case of a licensed person constitutes unprofessional conduct and
grounds for suspension or revocation of his or her license by the board by whom he or she is
licensed, or if a license has been issued in connection with a place of business, then for the
suspension or revocation of the place of business in connection with which the violation occurs.
The proceedings for suspension or revocation shall be conducted in accordance with Chapter 5
(commencing with Section 11500) of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code, and
each board shall have all the powers granted therein. However, in the case of a licensee of the
State Department of Health Services, the proceedings shall be conducted in accordance with
Section 110171 of the Health and Safety Code. In addition, any violation constitutes a
misdemeanor as to any and all persons offering, delivering, receiving, accepting, or participating
135
in any rebate, refund, commission, preference, patronage dividend, unearned discount, or
consideration, whether or not licensed under this division, and is punishable by imprisonment in
the county jail not exceeding six months, by a fine not exceeding two thousand five hundred
dollars ($2,500), or by both the imprisonment and fine.
652.5. Violation as Misdemeanor
Except as otherwise provided in this article, any violation of this article constitutes a
misdemeanor as to any and all persons, whether or not licensed under this division, and is
punishable by imprisonment in the county jail not exceeding six months, or by a fine not
exceeding two thousand five hundred dollars ($2,500), or by both the imprisonment and fine.
733. Dispensing Prescription Drugs and Devices
(a) A licentiate shall not obstruct a patient in obtaining a prescription drug or device that has been
legally prescribed or ordered for that patient. A violation of this section constitutes unprofessional
conduct by the licentiate and shall subject the licentiate to disciplinary or administrative action by
his or her licensing agency.
(b) Notwithstanding any other law, a licentiate shall dispense drugs and devices, as described in
subdivision (a) of Section 4024, pursuant to a lawful order or prescription unless one of the
following circumstances exists:
(1) Based solely on the licentiate’s professional training and judgment, dispensing pursuant to the
order or the prescription is contrary to law, or the licentiate determines that the prescribed drug or
device would cause a harmful drug interaction or would otherwise adversely affect the patient’s
medical condition.
(2) The prescription drug or device is not in stock. If an order, other than an order described in
Section 4019, or prescription cannot be dispensed because the drug or device is not in stock, the
licentiate shall take one of the following actions:
(A) Immediately notify the patient and arrange for the drug or device to be delivered to the site or
directly to the patient in a timely manner.
(B) Promptly transfer the prescription to another pharmacy known to stock the prescription drug
or device that is near enough to the site from which the prescription or order is transferred, to
ensure the patient has timely access to the drug or device.
(C) Return the prescription to the patient and refer the patient. The licentiate shall make a
reasonable effort to refer the patient to a pharmacy that stocks the prescription drug or device that
is near enough to the referring site to ensure that the patient has timely access to the drug or
device.
(3) The licentiate refuses on ethical, moral, or religious grounds to dispense a drug or device
pursuant to an order or prescription. A licentiate may decline to dispense a prescription drug or
device on this basis only if the licentiate has previously notified his or her employer, in writing,
of the drug or class of drugs to which he or she objects, and the licentiate’s employer can, without
creating undue hardship, provide a reasonable accommodation of the licentiate’s objection. The
licentiate’s employer shall establish protocols that ensure that the patient has timely access to the
prescribed drug or device despite the licentiate’s refusal to dispense the prescription or order. For
purposes of this section, “reasonable accommodation” and “undue hardship” shall have the same
meaning as applied to those terms pursuant to subdivision (l) of Section 12940 of the Government
Code.
(c) For the purposes of this section, “prescription drug or device” has the same meaning as the
definition in Section 4022.
(d) This section applies to emergency contraception drug therapy and self-administered hormonal
contraceptives described in Section 4052.3.
136
(e) This section imposes no duty on a licentiate to dispense a drug or device pursuant to a
prescription or order without payment for the drug or device, including payment directly by the
patient or through a third-party payer accepted by the licentiate or payment of any required
copayment by the patient.
(f) The notice to consumers required by Section 4122 shall include a statement that describes
patients’ rights relative to the requirements of this section.
901. Authorization for Out-of-State Health Practitioner to Participate in Sponsored Events
in California
(a)For purposes of this section, the following provisions apply:
(1) "Board" means the applicable healing arts board, under this division or an initiative act
referred to in this division, responsible for the licensure or regulation in this state of the respective
health care practitioners.
(2) "Health care practitioner" means any person who engages in acts that are subject to
licensure or regulation under this division or under any initiative act referred to in this division.
(3) "Sponsored event" means an event, not to exceed 10 calendar days, administered by either a
sponsoring entity or a local government, or both, through which health care is provided to the
public without compensation to the health care practitioner.
(4) "Sponsoring entity" means a nonprofit organization organized pursuant to Section 501(c)(3)
of the Internal Revenue Code or a community-based organization.
(5) "Uninsured or underinsured person" means a person who does not have health care
coverage, including private coverage or coverage through a program funded in whole or in part
by a governmental entity, or a person who has health care coverage, but the coverage is not
adequate to obtain those health care services offered by the health care practitioner under this
section.
(b) A health care practitioner licensed or certified in good standing in another state, district, or
territory of the United States who offers or provides health care services for which he or she is
licensed or certified is exempt from the requirement for licensure if all of the following
requirements are met:
(1) Prior to providing those services, he or she:
(A) Obtains authorization from the board to participate in the sponsored event after submitting
to the board a copy of his or her valid license or certificate from each state in which he or she
holds licensure or certification and a photographic identification issued by one of the states in
which he or she holds licensure or certification. The board shall notify the sponsoring entity,
within 20 calendar days of receiving a request for authorization, whether that request is approved
or denied, provided that, if the board receives a request for authorization less than 20 days prior to
the date of the sponsored event, the board shall make reasonable efforts to notify the sponsoring
entity whether that request is approved or denied prior to the date of that sponsored event.
(B) Satisfies the following requirements:
(i) The health care practitioner has not committed any act or been convicted of a crime
constituting grounds for denial of licensure or registration under Section 480 and is in good
standing in each state in which he or she holds licensure or certification.
(ii) The health care practitioner has the appropriate education and experience to participate in
a sponsored event, as determined by the board.
(iii) The health care practitioner shall agree to comply with all applicable practice
requirements set forth in this division and the regulations adopted pursuant to this division.
(C) Submits to the board, on a form prescribed by the board, a request for authorization to
practice without a license, and pays a fee, in an amount determined by the board by regulation,
which shall be available, upon appropriation, to cover the cost of developing the authorization
process and processing the request.
137
(2) The services are provided under all of the following circumstances:
(A) To uninsured or underinsured persons.
(B) On a short-term voluntary basis, not to exceed a 10-calendar-day period per sponsored
event.
(C) In association with a sponsoring entity that complies with subdivision (c).
(D) Without charge to the recipient or to a third party on behalf of the recipient.
(c) The board may deny a health care practitioner authorization to practice without a license if
the health care practitioner fails to comply with the requirements of this section or for any act that
would be grounds for denial of an application for licensure.
(d) A sponsoring entity seeking to provide, or arrange for the provision of, health care services
under this section shall do both of the following:
(1) Register with each applicable board under this division for which an out-of-state health care
practitioner is participating in the sponsored event by completing a registration form that shall
include all of the following:
(A) The name of the sponsoring entity.
(B) The name of the principal individual or individuals who are the officers or organizational
officials responsible for the operation of the sponsoring entity.
(C) The address, including street, city, ZIP Code, and county, of the sponsoring entity's
principal office and each individual listed pursuant to subparagraph (B).
(D) The telephone number for the principal office of the sponsoring entity and each individual
listed pursuant to subparagraph (B).
(E) Any additional information required by the board.
(2) Provide the information listed in paragraph (1) to the county health department of the
county in which the health care services will be provided, along with any additional information
that may be required by that department.
(e) The sponsoring entity shall notify the board and the county health department described in
paragraph (2) of subdivision (d) in writing of any change to the information required under
subdivision (d) within 30 calendar days of the change.
(f) Within 15 calendar days of the provision of health care services pursuant to this section, the
sponsoring entity shall file a report with the board and the county health department of the county
in which the health care services were provided. This report shall contain the date, place, type,
and general description of the care provided, along with a listing of the health care practitioners
who participated in providing that care.
(g) The sponsoring entity shall maintain a list of health care practitioners associated with the
provision of health care services under this section. The sponsoring entity shall maintain a copy
of each health care practitioner's current license or certification and shall require each health care
practitioner to attest in writing that his or her license or certificate is not suspended or revoked
pursuant to disciplinary proceedings in any jurisdiction. The sponsoring entity shall maintain
these records for a period of at least five years following the provision of health care services
under this section and shall, upon request, furnish those records to the board or any county health
department.
(h) A contract of liability insurance issued, amended, or renewed in this state on or after January
1, 2011, shall not exclude coverage of a health care practitioner or a sponsoring entity that
provides, or arranges for the provision of, health care services under this section, provided that
the practitioner or entity complies with this section.
(i) Subdivision (b) shall not be construed to authorize a health care practitioner to render care
outside the scope of practice authorized by his or her license or certificate or this division.
(j) (1) The board may terminate authorization for a health care practitioner to provide health care
services pursuant to this section for failure to comply with this section, any applicable practice
requirement set forth in this division, any regulations adopted pursuant to this division, or for any
act that would be grounds for discipline if done by a licensee of that board.
138
(2) The board shall provide both the sponsoring entity and the health care practitioner with a
written notice of termination including the basis for that termination. The health care practitioner
may, within 30 days after the date of the receipt of notice of termination, file a written appeal to
the board. The appeal shall include any documentation the health care practitioner wishes to
present to the board.
(3) A health care practitioner whose authorization to provide health care services pursuant to
this section has been terminated shall not provide health care services pursuant to this section
unless and until a subsequent request for authorization has been approved by the board. A health
care practitioner who provides health care services in violation of this paragraph shall be deemed
to be practicing health care in violation of the applicable provisions of this division, and be
subject to any applicable administrative, civil, or criminal fines, penalties, and other sanctions
provided in this division.
(k) The provisions of this section are severable. If any provision of this section or its application
is held invalid, that invalidity shall not affect other provisions or applications that can be given
effect without the invalid provision or application.
(l) This section shall remain in effect only until January 1, 2014, and as of that date is repealed,
unless a later enacted statute, that is enacted before January 1, 2014, deletes or extends that date.
17500. False or Misleading Statements, Generally
It is unlawful for any person, firm, corporation or association, or any employee thereof with intent
directly or indirectly to dispose of real or personal property or to perform services, professional or
otherwise, or anything of any nature whatsoever or to induce the public to enter into any
obligation relating thereto, to make or disseminate or cause to be made or disseminated before the
public in this state, or to make or disseminate or cause to be made or disseminated from this state
before the public in any state, in any newspaper or other publication, or any advertising device, or
by public outcry or proclamation, or in any other manner or means whatever, including over the
Internet, any statement, concerning that real or personal property or those services, professional
or otherwise, or concerning any circumstance or matter of fact connected with the proposed
performance or disposition thereof, which is untrue or misleading, and which is known, or which
by the exercise of reasonable care should be known, to be untrue or misleading, or for any person,
firm, or corporation to so make or disseminate or cause to be so made or disseminated any such
statement as part of a plan or scheme with the intent not to sell that personal property or those
services, professional or otherwise, so advertised at the price stated therein, or as so advertised.
Any violation of the provisions of this section is a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment in
the county jail not exceeding six months, or by a fine not exceeding two thousand five hundred
dollars ($2,500), or by both that imprisonment and fine.
139
CALIFORNIA CODE OF REGULATIONS DIVISION 17, TITLE 16
Article 1. General Provisions
Section
1702 Pharmacist Renewal Requirements
1703. Delegation of Certain Functions
1704. Change of Address
1705. Notification of Bankruptcy, Receivership or Liquidation
1706. Words of Similar Import
1706.1. Permit Processing Times
1706.2. Abandonment of Application Files
1706.5. Experimental Programs
Article 2. Pharmacies
Section
1707. Waiver Requirements for Off-Site Storage of Records
1707.1. Duty to Maintain Medication Profiles (Patient Medication Records)
1707.2. Duty to Consult
1707.3. Duty to Review Drug Therapy and Patient Medication Record Prior to Delivery
1707.4. Procedures for Refill Pharmacies
1707.5 Patient-Centered Labels for Prescription Drug Containers; Requirements
1707.6 Notice to Consumers
1708.2. Discontinuance of Business
1708.3. Radioactive Drugs
1708.4. Pharmacist Handling Radioactive Drugs
1708.5. Pharmacy Furnishing Radioactive Drugs
1709. Names of Owners and Pharmacist-in-Charge
1709.1. Designation of Pharmacist-in-Charge
1710. Hospital Pharmacy
1711. Quality Assurance Programs
1712. Use of Pharmacist Identifiers
1713. Receipt and Delivery of Prescriptions and Prescription Medications Must be To or From
Licensed Pharmacy
1714. Operational Standards and Security
1714.1. Pharmacy Operations during Temporary Absence of a Pharmacist
1714.5 Dangerous Drugs and Devices Exempt from Provisions of Chapter 9, Division 2 of the
Business and Professions Code
1715. Self-Assessment of a Pharmacy by the Pharmacist-in-Charge
1715.5. Implementation of Electronic Monitoring of Schedule II Prescriptions
1715.6. Reporting Drug Loss
1716. Variation from Prescriptions
1717. Pharmacy Practice
1717.1. Common Electronic Files
1717.3. Preprinted, Multiple Checkoff Prescription Blanks
1717.4. Electronic Transmission of Prescriptions
1718. Current Inventory Defined
1718.1 Manufacturer’s Expiration Date
140
Article 3. Pharmacist Candidates
Section
1719. Recognized Schools of Pharmacy
1720. Application for Pharmacist Examination and Licensure
1720.1. Graduates of Foreign Pharmacy Schools
1721. Dishonest Conduct during Examination
1723.1. Confidentiality of Examination Questions
1724. Passing Grade in Pharmacist Examination
1725. Acceptable Pharmacy Coursework for Examination Candidates with Four Failed
Attempts
1726. Supervision of Intern Pharmacists
1727.1 Intern Address Not Available on Internet
1727.2 Requirements for Pharmacist Intern
1728. Requirements for Examination
Article 4. Continuing Education
1732. Definitions
1732.05.Accreditation Agencies for Continuing Education
1732.1. Requirements for Accredited Providers
1732.2. Board Accredited Continuing Education
1732.3. Requirements for Continuing Education Courses
1732.4. Provider Audit Requirements
1732.5. Renewal Requirements for Pharmacist
1732.6. Exemptions
1732.7. Complaint Mechanism
Article 4.5 Compounding
1735.
1735.1.
1735.2.
1735.3.
1735.4.
1735.5.
1735.6.
1735.7.
1735.8.
Compounding in Licensed Pharmacies
Compounding Definitions
Compounding Limitations and Requirements
Recordkeeping of Compounded Drug Products
Labeling of Compounded Drug Products
Compounding Policies and Procedures
Compounding Facilities and Equipment
Training of Compounding Staff
Compounding Quality Assurance
Article 5. Dangerous Drugs
1744.
1745.
1746.
Drug Warnings
Partial Filling of Schedule II Prescriptions
Emergency Contraception
Article 6. Fees
1749. Fee Schedule
141
Article 7. Sterile Injectable Compounding
Section
1751. Sterile Injectable; Compounding Area
1751.1. Sterile Injectable Recordkeeping Requirements
1751.2. Sterile Injectable Labeling Requirements
1751.3 Sterile Injectable Policies and Procedures
1751.4 Facility and Equipment Standards for Sterile Injectable Compounding
1751.5. Sterile Injectable Compounding Attire
1751.6. Training of Sterile Injectable Compounding Staff, Patient, and Caregiver
1751.7. Sterile Injectable Compounding Quality Assurance and Process Validation
1751.8. Sterile Injectable Compounding Reference Materials
Referenced Title 24 Regulations
1751.10. Furnishing to Parenteral Patient at Home
1751.11. Furnishing to Home Health Agencies and Licensed Hospices
1751.12 Obligations of a Pharmacy Furnishing Portable Containers
Article 8. Prohibitions and Discipline
1760.
1761.
1764.
1765.
1766.
1768.
1769.
1770.
1771.
1772.
1773.
1773.5
1774.
Disciplinary Guidelines
Erroneous or Uncertain Prescriptions
Unauthorized Disclosure of Prescriptions
Commissions, Gratuities, and Rebates
False or Misleading Advertising
Denial of Application - Reapplication
Criteria for Rehabilitation
Substantial Relationship Criteria
Posting of Notice of Suspension
Disciplinary Condition of Suspension
Disciplinary Conditions of Probation of Pharmacist
Ethics Course Required as Condition of Probation
Disciplinary Conditions of Probation of Permit
Article 9. Citations and Fines
1775. Issuing Citations
1775.1 Amount of Fines
1775.2. Factors Considered
1775.3. Compliance with Orders of Abatement
1775.4. Contested Citations
Article 10. Wholesalers
1780.
1780.1
1781.
1782.
1783.
1784.
Minimum Standards for Wholesalers
Minimum Standards for Veterinary Food-Animal Drug Retailers
Exemption Certificate
Reporting Sales of Drugs Subject to Abuse
Manufacturer or Wholesaler Furnishing Drugs or Devices
Self-Assessment of a Wholesaler by the Designated Representative-in-Charge
142
Article 10.1. Home Dialysis Drugs and Devices
Section
1787. Authorization to Distribute Hemodialysis Drugs and Devices
1790. Assembling and Packaging
1791. Labeling
1792. Receipt for Shipment
Article 11. Ancillary Personnel
1793. Definitions
1793.1. Duties of a Pharmacist
1793.2. Duties of a Pharmacy Technician
1793.3. Other Non-Licensed Pharmacy Personnel
1793.5. Pharmacy Technician Application
1793.6. Training Courses Specified by the Board
1793.7. Requirements for Pharmacies Employing Pharmacy Technicians
1793.8. Technicians in Hospitals with Clinical Pharmacy Programs
143
CALIFORNIA CODE OF REGULATIONS
DIVISION 17, TITLE 16 Article 1. General Provisions
1702. Pharmacist Renewal Requirements
(a) A pharmacist applicant for renewal who has not previously submitted fingerprints as a
condition of licensure or for whom an electronic record of the licensee’s fingerprints does not
exist in the Department of Justice’s criminal offender record identification database shall
successfully complete a state and federal level criminal offender record information search
conducted through the Department of Justice by the licensee’s or registrant’s renewal date that
occurs on or after December 7, 2010.
(1) A pharmacist shall retain for at least three years as evidence of having complied with
subdivision (a) either a receipt showing that he or she has electronically transmitted his or her
fingerprint images to the Department of Justice or, for those who did not use an electronic
fingerprinting system, a receipt evidencing that his or her fingerprints were recorded and
submitted to the Board.
(2) A pharmacist applicant for renewal shall pay, as directed by the Board, the actual cost of
compliance with subdivision (a).
(3) As a condition of petitioning the board for reinstatement of a revoked or surrendered
license, or for restoration of a retired license, an applicant shall comply with subdivision (a).
(4) The board may waive the requirements of this section for licensees who are actively
serving in the United States military. The board may not return a license to active status until the
licensee has complied with subdivision (a).
(b) As a condition of renewal, a pharmacist applicant shall disclose on the renewal form
whether he or she has been convicted, as defined in Section 490 of the Business and Professions
Code, of any violation of the law in this or any other state, the United States, or other country,
omitting traffic infractions under $300 not involving alcohol, dangerous drugs, or controlled
substances.
(c) Failure to provide all of the information required by this section renders an application for
renewal incomplete and the board shall not renew the license and shall issue the applicant an
inactive pharmacist license. An inactive pharmacist license issued pursuant to this section may
only be reactivated after compliance is confirmed for all licensure renewal requirements.
Effective December 7, 2010
Authority cited: Sections 4001.1 and 4005, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Sections
490, 4036, 4200.5, 4207, 4301, 4301.5 and 4400, Business and Professions Code; and Sections
11105(b)(10) and 11105(e), Penal Code.
1703. Delegation of Certain Functions
The power and discretion conferred by law upon the board to receive and file accusations; issue
notices of hearing, statements to respondent and statements of issues; receive and file notices of
defense; determine the time and place of hearings under Section 11508 of the Government Code;
set and calendar cases for hearing and perform other functions necessary to the business-like
dispatch of the business of the board in connection with proceedings under the provisions of
Sections 11500 through 11528 of the Government Code, prior to the hearing of such proceedings;
the certification and delivery or mailing of copies of decisions under Section 11518 of said code;
and issue summary suspension orders or notices of suspension under Section 4311 of the
Business and Professions Code are hereby delegated to and conferred upon the executive officer,
or, in his or her absence from the office of the board, the acting executive officer.
144
Authority cited: Section 4005, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Sections 4003 and
4311, Business and Professions Code.
1704. Change of Address
Each person holding a certificate, license, permit, registration or exemption to practice or engage
in any activity in the State of California under any and all laws administered by the Board shall
file a proper and current residence address with the Board at its office in Sacramento and shall
within 30 days notify the Board at its said office of any and all changes of residence address,
giving both the old and new address.
Authority cited: Section 4005, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Sections 4003 and
4100, Business and Professions Code.
1705. Notification of Bankruptcy, Receivership or Liquidation
Any pharmacy, wholesaler, or manufacturer who makes any assignment for the benefit of
creditors or enters into any creditor compromise arrangement, or who files a petition in
bankruptcy, or who has a receiver appointed, or who enters into any liquidation or other
arrangement which may result in the sale or transfer of drugs, devices or appliances which are
required to be sold by a registered pharmacist or other licensee, shall notify the Board
immediately in writing of such fact, and shall set forth the following information, if known:
(a) Date of sale or transfer of such drugs, devices or appliances;
(b) Name and address of purchaser;
(c) Inventory of dangerous drugs and devices showing their disposition;
(d) Location of records of manufacture, sale, purchase, and disposition of dangerous drugs and
devices.
Authority cited: Section 4005, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Sections 4005, 4024,
4080, 4081 and 4332, Business and Professions Code.
1706 Words of Similar Import
The words "Prescription," "Prescription Service," "Medication," "Prescribed Medication," and
"Medicinals" are words of similar or like import to those enumerated in Section 4343, Business
and Professions Code.
Authority cited: Section 4005, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Section 4005.
145
1706.1 Permit Processing Times
"Permit" as defined by the Permit Reform Act of 1981 means any license, certificate, registration,
permit or any other form of authorization required by a state agency to engage in a particular
activity or act. Processing times for the board's various programs are set forth below. The actual
processing times apply to those persons who take and pass the first available examination.
License or registration
type
Maximum Time in
Days for Notification
That an Application
Incomplete or
Deficient; and What is
Needed to Correct the
Deficiency
Maximum Time in
Days after Filing a
Complete Application
in Which the Board
Will Notify Applicant
of Decision
Actual License or
Processing Time in
Days
Based on Two-Year
Compilation
Min
Med
Max
Pharmacist License
30
30
67
167
2,192
Foreign Graduate
Application
Intern Permit
30
30
154
549
1,047
30
60
1
4
83
Pharmacy Permit
30
60
6
72
305
Clinic Permit
30
60
20
96
325
Non-Resident
Pharmacy Permit
Exemption Certificate
30
60
12*
56*
122*
30
60
20
85
185
Hypodermic
30
60
7
87
Distributor’s Permit
258
Wholesale Drug
30
60
13
88
Permit
605
Medical Device
30
60
Retailer Permit
Medical Device
30
60
Retailer Warehouse
Permit
Out-of-State
30
60
1
21
Distributor Permit
265
*This registration program began January 1, 1989, thus the data are for only one ½ years.
Authority cited: Section 4005, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Section 15376,
Government Code.
1706.2 Abandonment of Application Files
(a) An applicant for a license to conduct a pharmacy, non-resident pharmacy, sterile injectable
compounding pharmacy, wholesaler, out-of-state distributor, clinic, veterinary food-animal drug
retailer, or to furnish hypodermic needles and syringes who fails to complete all application
requirements within 60 days after being notified by the board of deficiencies in his, her or its file,
146
may be deemed to have abandoned the application and may be required to file a new application
and meet all of the requirements in effect at the time of reapplication.
(b) An applicant for a pharmacy technician license or a designated representative license who
fails to complete all application requirements within 60 days after being notified by the board of
deficiencies in his or her file, may be deemed to have abandoned the application and may be
required to file a new application and meet all of the requirements which are in effect at the time
of reapplication.
(c) An applicant who fails to pay the fee for licensure as a pharmacist required by subdivision
(f) of section 1749 of this Division within 12 months after being notified by the board of his or
her eligibility be deemed to have abandoned the application and must file a new application and
be in compliance with the requirements in effect at the time of reapplication.
(d) An applicant to take the pharmacist licensure examinations who fails to take the
examinations within 12 months of being deemed eligible, shall be deemed to have abandoned the
application and must file a new application in compliance with all of the requirements in effect at
the time of reapplication.
(e) An applicant for a intern pharmacist license who fails to complete all application
requirements within one year after being notified by the board of deficiencies in his or her file,
may be deemed to have abandoned the application and may be required to file a new application
and meet all of the requirements which are in effect at the time of reapplication.
Authority cited: Section 4005, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Sections 4022.5, 4029,
4030, 4037, 4042, 4043, 4053, 4110, 4112, 4115,4120, 4127.1, 4141, 4160, 4161, 4180, 4190,
4200, 4201, 4202, 4203, 4204, 4205 and 4208, Business and Professions Code.
1706.5 Experimental Programs
In order to enable any accredited school of pharmacy recognized by the Board to experiment with
new and innovative methods for drug handling, teaching, research, or to develop new and better
methods or concepts involving the ethical practice of pharmacy, the Board enacts the following:
(a) The application of particular provisions of the Pharmacy Rules and Regulations contained in
Title 16, California Administrative Code, Chapter 17, may be waived as to an accredited school
of pharmacy recognized by the Board if the Dean of said school has filed with the Board an
experimental plan or program which specifies the particular provisions to be waived, and which
has been approved by the Board.
(b) Any plan or program approved by the Board shall have: definite time limitations; progress
reports which shall be filed as required by the Board.
(c) The Board may rescind approval and terminate said plan or program at its discretion, at any
time it may deem the public interest is not fully protected; nor shall any such plan or program be
approved by the Board if such proposal might jeopardize public health or welfare or conflict with
provisions of Chapter 9, Div. 2, Business and Professions Code.
Authority cited: Section 4005, Business and Professions Code. Reference: 5005, 4120, 4161,
4162, 4304 and 4400, Business and Professions Code.
Article 2. Pharmacies
1707. Waiver Requirements for Off-Site Storage of Records
(a) Pursuant to subdivision (e) of Section 4105 of the Business and Professions Code and
subdivision (c) of Section 4333 of the Business and Professions Code, a waiver shall be granted
to any entity licensed by the board for off-site storage of the records described in subdivisions (a),
(b) and (c) of Section 4105 of the Business and Professions Code unless the applicant has, within
the preceding five years, failed to produce records pursuant to Section 4081 of the Business and
147
Professions Code or has falsified records covered by Section 4081 of the Business and
Professions Code.
(b) An entity that is granted a waiver pursuant to subdivision (a) shall:
(1) maintain the storage area so that the records are secure, including from unauthorized
access; and
(2) be able to produce the records within two business days upon the request of the board or an
authorized officer of the law.
(c) In the event that a licensee fails to comply with the conditions set forth in subdivision (b), the
board may cancel the waiver without a hearing. Upon notification by the board of cancellation of
the waiver, the licensee shall maintain all records at the licensed premises.
(d) A licensee whose waiver has been cancelled pursuant to the provisions set forth in
subsection (c) may reapply to the board when compliance with the conditions set forth in
subsection (b) can be confirmed by the board.
(e) Notwithstanding any waiver granted pursuant to subdivision (a), all prescription records for
non controlled substances shall be maintained on the licensed premises for a period of one year
from the date of dispensing.
(f) Notwithstanding any waiver granted pursuant to subdivision (a), all prescription records for
controlled substances shall be maintained on the licensed premises for a period of two years from
the date of dispensing.
(g) Notwithstanding the requirements of this section, any entity licensed by the board may store
the records described in subdivisions (a), (b) and (c) of Section 4105 of the Business and
Professions Code in a storage area at the same address or adjoining the licensed premises without
obtaining a waiver from the board if the following conditions are met:
(1) The records are readily accessible to the pharmacist-in-charge (or other pharmacist on duty,
or designated representative) and upon request to the board or any authorized officer of the law.
(2) The storage area is maintained so that the records are secure and so that the confidentiality
of any patient-related information is maintained.
Authority cited: Section 4005, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Sections 4081, 4105
and 4333, Business and Professions Code.
1707.1. Duty to Maintain Medication Profiles (Patient Medication Records).
(a) A pharmacy shall maintain medication profiles on all patients who have prescriptions filled
in that pharmacy except when the pharmacist has reasonable belief that the patient will not
continue to obtain prescription medications from that pharmacy.
(1) A patient medication record shall be maintained in an automated data processing or manual
record mode such that the following information is readily retrievable during the pharmacy's
normal operating hours.
(A) The patient's full name and address, telephone number, date of birth (or age) and gender;
(B) For each prescription dispensed by the pharmacy:
(1). The name, strength, dosage form, route of administration, if other than oral, quantity
and directions for use of any drug dispensed;
(2). The prescriber's name and where appropriate, license number, DEA registration
number or other unique identifier;
(3). The date on which a drug was dispensed or refilled;
(4). The prescription number for each prescription; and
(5). The information required by section 1717.
(C) Any of the following which may relate to drug therapy: patient allergies, idiosyncrasies,
current medications and relevant prior medications including nonprescription medications and
relevant devices, or medical conditions which are communicated by the patient or the patient's
agent.
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(D) Any other information which the pharmacist, in his or her professional judgment, deems
appropriate.
(2) The patient medication record shall be maintained for at least one year from the date when
the last prescription was filled.
Authorized cited: Sections 4005, 4121 and 4122, Business and Professions Code. Reference:
Sections 4005, 4121 and 4122, Business and Professions Code.
1707.2 Duty to Consult.
(a) A pharmacist shall provide oral consultation to his or her patient or the patient's agent in all
care settings:
(1) upon request; or
(2) whenever the pharmacist deems it warranted in the exercise of his or her professional
judgment.
(b)(1) In addition to the obligation to consult set forth in subsection (a), a pharmacist shall
provide oral consultation to his or her patient or the patient's agent in any care setting in which
the patient or agent is present:
(A) whenever the prescription drug has not previously been dispensed to a patient; or
(B) whenever a prescription drug not previously dispensed to a patient in the same dosage
form, strength or with the same written directions, is dispensed by the pharmacy.
(2) When the patient or agent is not present (including but not limited to a prescription drug
that was shipped by mail) a pharmacy shall ensure that the patient receives written notice: of his
or her right to request consultation; and a telephone number from which the patient may obtain
oral consultation from a pharmacist who has ready access to the patient's record.
(3) A pharmacist is not required by this subsection to provide oral consultation to an inpatient
of a health care facility licensed pursuant to section 1250 of the Health and Safety Code, or to an
inmate of an adult correctional facility or a juvenile detention facility, except upon the patient's
discharge. A pharmacist is not obligated to consult about discharge medications if a health facility
licensed pursuant to subdivision (a) or (b) of Health and Safety Code Section 1250 has
implemented a written policy about discharge medications which meets the requirements of
Business and Professions Code Section 4074.
(c) When oral consultation is provided, it shall include at least the following:
(1) directions for use and storage and the importance of compliance with directions; and
(2) precautions and relevant warnings, including common severe side or adverse effects or
interactions that may be encountered.
(d) Whenever a pharmacist deems it warranted in the exercise of his or her professional
judgment, oral consultation shall also include:
(1) the name and description of the medication;
(2) the route of administration, dosage form, dosage, and duration of drug therapy
(3) any special directions for use and storage;
(4) precautions for preparation and administration by the patient, including techniques for selfmonitoring drug therapy;
(5) prescription refill information;
(6) therapeutic contraindications, avoidance of common severe side or adverse effects or
known interactions, including serious potential interactions with known nonprescription
medications and therapeutic contraindications and the action required if such side or adverse
effects or interactions or therapeutic contraindications are present or occur;
(7) action to be taken in the event of a missed dose.
(e) Notwithstanding the requirements set forth in subsection (a) and (b), a pharmacist is not
required to provide oral consultation when a patient or the patient's agent refuses such
consultation.
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Authority cited: Sections 4005, 4076 and 4122, Business and Professions Code. Reference:
Sections 4005, 4076 and 4122, Business and Professions Code.
1707.3. Duty to Review Drug Therapy and Patient Medication Record Prior to Delivery.
Prior to consultation as set forth in section 1707.2, a pharmacist shall review a patient's drug
therapy and medication record before each prescription drug is delivered. The review shall
include screening for severe potential drug therapy problems.
Authority cited: Sections 4005, 4121 and 4122, Business and Professions Code. Reference:
Sections 4005, 4074, 4121 and 4122, Business and Professions Code.
1707.4. Procedures for Refill Pharmacies.
(a) A pharmacy licensed by the board may process a request for refill of a prescription received
by a pharmacy within this state, provided:
(1) The pharmacy that is to refill the prescription either has a contract with the pharmacy which
received the prescription or has the same owner as the other pharmacy.
(2) The prescription container:
(A) is clearly labeled with all information required by Section 4076 of the Business and
Professions Code; and
(B) clearly shows the name and address of the pharmacy refilling the prescription and/or the
name and address of the pharmacy which receives the refilled prescription for dispensing to the
patient.
(3) The patient is provided with written information, either on the prescription label or with the
prescription container, that describes which pharmacy to contact if the patient has any questions
about the prescription or medication.
(4) Both pharmacies maintain complete and accurate records of the refill, including:
(A) the name of the pharmacist who refilled the prescription;
(B) the name of the pharmacy refilling the prescription; and
(C) the name of the pharmacy that received the refill request.
(5) The pharmacy which refills the prescription and the pharmacy to which the refilled
prescription is provided for dispensing to the patient shall each be responsible for ensuring the
order has been properly filled.
(6) The originating pharmacy is responsible for compliance with the requirements set forth in
Section 1707.1, 1707.2 and 1707.3 of the California Code of Regulations.
(b) Nothing in this section shall be construed as barring a pharmacy from also filling new
prescriptions presented by a patient or a patient's agent or transmitted to it by a prescriber.
Authority cited: Section 4005, Business & Professions Code. Reference: Sections 4063, 4076,
4081 and 4333, Business & Professions Code.
1707.5. Patient-Centered Labels for Prescription Drug Containers; Requirements
(a) Labels on drug containers dispensed to patients in California shall conform to the following
format:
(1) Each of the following items shall be clustered into one area of the label that comprises at
least 50 percent of the label. Each item shall be printed in at least a 10-point sans serif typeface
or, if requested by the consumer, at least a 12-pooint typeface, and listed in the following order:
(A) Name of the patient
(B) Name of the drug and strength of the drug. For the purposes of this section, “name of the
drug” means either the manufacturer’s trade name of the drug, or the generic name and the name
of the manufacturer.
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(C) The directions for the use of the drug.
(D) The condition or purpose for which the drug was prescribed if the condition or purpose
is indicated on the prescription.
(2) For added emphasis, the label shall also highlight in bold typeface or color, or use blank
space to set off the items listed in subdivision (a)(1).
(3) The remaining required elements for the label specified in section 4076 of the Business and
Professions Code, as well as any other items of information appearing on the label or the
container, shall be printed so as not to interfere with the legibility or emphasis of the primary
elements specified in paragraph (1) of subdivision (a). These additional elements may appear in
any style, font, and size typeface.
(4) When applicable, directions for use shall use one of the following phrases:
(A) Take 1 [insert appropriate dosage form] at bedtime
(B) Take 2 [insert appropriate dosage form] at bedtime
(C) Take 3 [insert appropriate dosage form] at bedtime
(D) Take 1 [insert appropriate dosage form] in the morning
(E) Take 2 [insert appropriate dosage form] in the morning
(F) Take 3 [insert appropriate dosage form] in the morning
(G) Take 1 [insert appropriate dosage form] in the morning, and Take 1 [insert appropriate
dosage form] at bedtime
(H) Take 2 [insert appropriate dosage form] in the morning, and Take 2 [insert appropriate
dosage form] at bedtime
(I) Take 3 [insert appropriate dosage form] in the morning, and Take 3 [insert appropriate
dosage form] at bedtime
(J) Take 1 [insert appropriate dosage form] in the morning, 1 [insert appropriate dosage
form] at noon, and 1 [insert appropriate dosage form] in the evening
(K) Take 2 [insert appropriate dosage form] in the morning, 2 [insert appropriate dosage
form] at noon, and 2 [insert appropriate dosage form] in the evening
(L) Take 3 [insert appropriate dosage form] in the morning, 3 insert appropriate dosage
form] at noon, and 3 [insert appropriate dosage form] in the evening
(M) Take 1 [insert appropriate dosage form] in the morning, 1 [insert appropriate dosage
form] at noon, 1 [insert appropriate dosage form] in the evening, and 1 [insert appropriate
dosage form] at bedtime
(N) Take 2 [insert appropriate dosage form] in the morning, 2 [insert appropriate dosage
form] at noon, 2 [insert appropriate dosage form] in the evening, and 2 [insert appropriate
dosage form] at bedtime
(O) Take 3 [insert appropriate dosage form] in the morning, 3 [insert appropriate dosage
form] at noon, 3 [insert appropriate dosage form] in the evening, and 3 [insert appropriate
dosage form] at bedtime
(P) If you have pain, take __ [insert appropriate dosage form] at a time. Wait at least __
hours before taking again. Do not take more than __ [appropriate dosage form] in one day
(b) By October 2011, and updated as necessary, the board shall publish on its Web site
translation of the directions for use listed in subdivision (a)(4) into at least five languages other
than English, to facilitate the use thereof by California pharmacies.
(c) Beginning in October 2011the board shall collect and publish on its Web site examples of
labels conforming to these requirements, to aid pharmacies in label design and compliance.
(d) The pharmacy shall have policies and procedures in place to help patients with limited or no
English proficiency understand the information on the label as specified in subdivision (a) in the
patient’s language. The pharmacy’s policies and procedures shall be specified in writing and shall
include, at minimum, the selected means to identify the patient’s language and to provide
interpretive services in the patient’s language. If interpretive services in such language are
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available, during all hours that the pharmacy is open, either in person by pharmacy staff or by use
of a third-party interpretive service available by telephone at or adjacent to the pharmacy counter.
(e) The board shall re-evaluate the requirements of this section by December 2013 to ensure
optimal conformance with Business and Professions Code section 4076.5.
(f) As used in this section, “appropriate dosage form” includes pill, caplet, capsule or tablet.
Authority cited: Sections 4005 and 4076.5, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Sections
4005, 4076, and 4076.5, Business and Professions Code.
1707.6 Notice to Consumers
(a) In every pharmacy there shall be prominently posted, in a place conspicuous to and readable
by a prescription drug consumer, a notice containing the text in subdivision (b). Each pharmacy
shall use the standardized poster-sized notice provided or made available by the board, unless the
pharmacy has received prior approval of another format or display methodology from the board.
The board may delegate authority to a committee or to the Executive Officer to give the approval.
As an alternative to a printed notice, the pharmacy may also or instead display the notice on a
video screen located in a place conspicuous to and readable by prescription drug consumers, so
long as: (1) The video screen is at least 24 inches, measured diagonally; (2) The pharmacy
utilizes the video image notice provided by the board; (3) The text of the notice remains on the
screen for a minimum of 60 seconds; and (4) No more than five minutes elapses between displays
of any notice on the screen, as measured between the time that a one-screen notice or the final
screen of a multi-screen notice ceases to display and the time that the first or only page of that
notice re-displays. The pharmacy may seek approval of another format or display methodology
from the board. The board may delegate authority to a committee or to the Executive Officer to
give the approval.
(b) The notice shall contain the following text:
NOTICE TO CONSUMERS
California law requires a pharmacist to speak with you every time you get a new
prescription.
You have the right to ask for and receive from any pharmacy prescription drug labels in
12-point font.
Interpreter services are available to you upon request at no cost.
Before taking your medicine, be sure you know: the name of the medicine and what it
does; how and when to take it, for how long, and what to do if you miss a dose; possible
side effects and what you should do if they occur; whether the new medicine will work
safely with other medicines or supplements; and what foods, drinks, or activities should
be avoided while taking the medicine. Ask the pharmacist if you have any questions.
This pharmacy must provide any medicine or device legally prescribed for you, unless it
is not covered by your insurance; you are unable to pay the cost of a copayment; or the
pharmacist determines doing so would be against the law or potentially harmful to
health. If a medicine or device is not immediately available, the pharmacy will work
with you to help you get your medicine or device in a timely manner.
You may ask this pharmacy for information on drug pricing and use of generic drugs.
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(c) Every pharmacy, in a place conspicuous to and readable by a prescription drug
consumer, at or adjacent to each counter in the pharmacy where dangerous drugs are
dispensed or furnished, shall post or provide a notice containing the following text:
Point to your language. Interpreter services will be provided to you upon request at
no cost.
This text shall be repeated in at least the following languages: Arabic, Armenian, Cambodian,
Cantonese, Farsi, Hmong, Korean, Mandarin, Russian, Spanish, Tagalog, and Vietnamese.
Each pharmacy shall use the standardized notice provided or made available by the board, unless
the pharmacy has received prior approval of another format or display methodology from the
board. The board may delegate authority to a committee or to the Executive Officer to give the
approval.
The pharmacy may post this notice in paper form or on a video screen if the posted notice or
video screen is positioned so that a consumer can easily point to and touch the statement
identifying the language in which he or she requests assistance. Otherwise, the notice shall be
made available on a flyer or handout clearly visible from and kept within easy reach of each
counter in the pharmacy where dangerous drugs are dispensed or furnished, available at all hours
that the pharmacy is open. The flyer or handout shall be at least 8 1/2 inches by 11 inches.
Note: Authority cited: Sections 4005 and 4122, Business and Professions Code. Reference:
Sections 733, 4005, 4076.5 and 4122, Business and Professions Code.
1708.2. Discontinuance of Business.
Any permit holder shall contact the board prior to transferring or selling any dangerous drugs,
devices or hypodermics inventory as a result of termination of business or bankruptcy
proceedings and shall follow official instructions given by the board applicable to the transaction.
Authority cited: Section 4005, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Sections 4080, 4081,
4322 and 4333, Business and Professions Code; and 11205, Health and Safety Code.
1708.3. Radioactive Drugs.
A radioactive drug is any substance defined as a drug in Section 201(g)(1) of the Federal Food,
Drug and Cosmetic Act or a radioactive biological product as defined in 21 CFR 600.3(ee) which
exhibits spontaneous disintegration of unstable nuclei with the emission of nuclear particles or
photons and includes any such drug or biological product which is intended to be made
radioactive. This definition includes non-radioactive reagent kits and nuclide generators which
are intended to be used in the preparation of any such substance but does not include drugs such
as carbon-containing compounds, potassium-containing compounds or potassium-containing salts
which contain trace quantities of naturally occurring radionuclides.
Authority cited: Section 4005, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Section 4025, Business
and Professions Code.
1708.4. Pharmacist Handling Radioactive Drugs.
A pharmacist handling radioactive drugs must be competent in the preparation, handling, storage,
receiving, dispensing, disposition and pharmacology of radioactive drugs. He must have
completed a nuclear pharmacy course and/or acquired experience in programs approved by the
Board. Education and experience in non-approved programs may be granted partial or equivalent
credit, if, in the opinion of the Board, such programs provide the level of competence as approved
programs or the Nuclear Pharmacy Competency Statement adopted by the Board.
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Authority cited: Section 4005, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Sections 4021, 4022,
4025, 4036 and 4037, Business and Professions Code
1708.5. Pharmacy Furnishing Radioactive Drugs.
A pharmacy furnishing radioactive drugs is any area, place or premises described in a permit
issued by the board where radioactive drugs are stored, processed, compounded, repackaged, or
dispensed. A pharmacy exclusively furnishing radioactive drugs shall be exempt from the patient
consultation area requirements of Title 16 Cal. Code of Regulations Section 1714(a) unless the
Board finds that the public health and safety require their application.
A pharmacist qualified under Section 1708.4 to furnish radioactive drugs shall be in the pharmacy
whenever the furnishing of radioactive drugs occurs. All personnel involved in the furnishing of
radioactive drugs shall be under the immediate and direct supervision of such a qualified
pharmacist.
Authority cited: Sections 4005, 4008 and 4008.2, Business and Professions Code. Reference:
Sections 4005, 4008 and 4008.2, Business and Professions Code.
1709. Names of Owners and Pharmacist in Charge.
(a) Each permit to operate a pharmacy shall show the name and address of the pharmacy, the
form of ownership (individual, partnership or corporation) and the pharmacist-in-charge. Each
pharmacy shall, in its initial application on the annual renewal form, report the name of the
pharmacist-in-charge, the names of all owners and the names of the corporate officers (if a
corporation). Any changes in the pharmacist-in-charge, or the owners, or corporate officers shall
be reported to the Board within 30 days.
(b) Any transfer, in a single transaction or in a series of transactions, of 10 percent or more of
the beneficial interest in a business entity licensed by the board to a person or entity who did not
hold a beneficial interest at the time the original permit was issued, shall require written
notification to the board within 30 days.
(c) The following shall constitute a transfer of permit and require application for a change of
ownership: any transfer of a beneficial interest in a business entity licensed by the board, in a
single transaction or in a series of transactions, to any person or entity, which transfer results in
the transferee's holding 50% or more of the beneficial interest in that license.
Authority cited: Section 4005, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Sections 4058, 4101,
4111, 4112, 4113, 4120, 4124, 4130, 4133, 4141, 4149, 4160, 4161, 4196, 4201, 4304, 4305 and
4330, Business and Professions Code
1709.1. Designation of Pharmacist in Charge.
(a) The pharmacist-in-charge of a pharmacy shall be employed at that location and shall have
responsibility for the daily operation of the pharmacy.
(b) The pharmacy owner shall vest the pharmacist-in-charge with adequate authority to assure
compliance with the laws governing the operation of a pharmacy.
(c) No pharmacist shall be the pharmacist-in-charge of more than two pharmacies. If a
pharmacist serves as pharmacist-in- charge at two pharmacies, those pharmacies shall not be
separated by a driving distance of more than 50 miles.
(d) No pharmacist shall be the pharmacist-in-charge of a pharmacy while concurrently serving
as the designated representative-in-charge for a wholesaler or a veterinary food-animal drug
retailer.
(e) Notwithstanding subdivision (a), a pharmacy may designate any pharmacist who is an
employee, officer or administrator of the pharmacy or the entity which owns the pharmacy and
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who is actively involved in the management of the pharmacy on a daily basis as the pharmacist­
in-charge for a period not to exceed 120 days. The pharmacy, or the entity which owns the
pharmacy, shall be prepared during normal business hours to provide a representative of the
board with documentation of the involvement of a pharmacist-in-charge designated pursuant to
this subdivision with the pharmacy and efforts to obtain and designate a permanent pharmacist­
in-charge.
(f) A pharmacist may refuse to act as a pharmacist-in-charge at a second pharmacy if the
pharmacist determines, in the exercise of his or her professional judgment, that assuming
responsibility for a second pharmacy would interfere with the effective performance of the
pharmacist's responsibilities under the Pharmacy Law. A pharmacist who refuses to become
pharmacist-in-charge at a second pharmacy shall notify the pharmacy owner in writing of his or
her determination, specifying the circumstances of concern that have led to that determination.
(g) A person employing a pharmacist may not discharge, discipline, or otherwise discriminate
against any pharmacist in the terms and conditions of employment for exercising or attempting to
exercise in good faith the right established pursuant to this section.
Authority cited: Section 4005, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Sections 4081, 4113,
4305 and 4330, Business and Professions Code.
1710. Hospital Pharmacy.
(a) A hospital pharmacy which predominantly furnishes drugs to inpatients of that hospital may
furnish drugs to outpatients or employees of that hospital or to walk-in customers, provided that
sales to walk-in customers do not exceed one (1) percent of all the pharmacy's prescriptions.
(b) A hospital pharmacy may process an order for filling patient cassettes by another pharmacy
within this state, provided:
(1) The pharmacy that is to fill the cassettes either has a contract with the ordering hospital
pharmacy or has the same owner as the ordering inpatient hospital pharmacy,
(2) The filled cassette is delivered directly from the filling pharmacy to the ordering hospital
pharmacy,
(3) Each cassette or container meets the requirements of Business and Professions Code section
4076,
(4) Both pharmacies are responsible for ensuring that the order has been properly filled.
(5) Both pharmacies shall maintain complete and accurate records of each cassette fill
transaction, including the name of the pharmacist checking the cassettes at each pharmacy.
(6) Prescription information shall be electronically transferred between the two pharmacies.
Authority cited: Section 4005, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Sections 4005, 4029,
4076 and 4380, Business and Professions Code.
1711. Quality Assurance Programs.
(a) Each pharmacy shall establish or participate in an established quality assurance program
which documents and assesses medication errors to determine cause and an appropriate response
as part of a mission to improve the quality of pharmacy service and prevent errors.
(b) For purposes of this section, “medication error” means any variation from a prescription or
drug order not authorized by the prescriber, as described in Section 1716. Medication error, as
defined in the section, does not include any variation that is corrected prior to furnishing the drug
to the patient or patient's agent or any variation allowed by law.
(c) (1) Each quality assurance program shall be managed in accordance with written policies and
procedures maintained in the pharmacy in an immediately retrievable form.
(2) When a pharmacist determines that a medication error has occurred, a pharmacist shall as
soon as possible:
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(A) Communicate to the patient or the patient’s agent the fact that a medication error has
occurred and the steps required to avoid injury or mitigate the error.
(B) Communicate to the prescriber the fact that a medication error has occurred.
(3) The communication requirement in paragraph (2) of this subdivision shall only apply to
medication errors if the drug was administered to or by the patient, or if the medication error
resulted in a clinically significant delay in therapy.
(4) If a pharmacist is notified of a prescription error by the patient, the patient’s agent, or a
prescriber, the pharmacist is not required to communicate with that individual as required in
paragraph (2) of this subdivision.
(d) Each pharmacy shall use the findings of its quality assurance program to develop pharmacy
systems and workflow processes designed to prevent medication errors. An investigation of each
medication error shall commence as soon as is reasonably possible, but no later than 2 business
days from the date the medication error is discovered. All medication errors discovered shall be
subject to a quality assurance review.
(e) The primary purpose of the quality assurance review shall be to advance error prevention by
analyzing, individually and collectively, investigative and other pertinent data collected in
response to a medication error to assess the cause and any contributing factors such as system or
process failures. A record of the quality assurance review shall be immediately retrievable in the
pharmacy. The record shall contain at least the following:
1. the date, location, and participants in the quality assurance review;
2. the pertinent data and other information relating to the medication error(s) reviewed and
documentation of any patient contact required by subdivision (c);
3. the findings and determinations generated by the quality assurance review; and,
4. recommend changes to pharmacy policy, procedure, systems, or processes, if any.
The pharmacy shall inform pharmacy personnel of changes to pharmacy policy, procedure,
systems, or processes made as a result of recommendations generated in the quality assurance
program.
(f) The record of the quality assurance review, as provided in subdivision (e) shall be
immediately retrievable in the pharmacy for at least one year from the date the record was
created.
(g) The pharmacy's compliance with this section will be considered by the board as a mitigating
factor in the investigation and evaluation of a medication error.
(h) Nothing in this section shall be construed to prevent a pharmacy from contracting or
otherwise arranging for the provision of personnel or other resources, by a third party or
administrative offices, with such skill or expertise as the pharmacy believes to be necessary to
satisfy the requirements of this section.
Authority cited: Section 4005, Business and Professions Code; and Section 2 of Chapter 677,
Statutes of 2000. Reference: Section 4125, Business and Professions Code.
1712. Use of Pharmacist Identifiers.
(a) Any requirement in this division for a pharmacist to initial or sign a prescription record or
prescription label can be satisfied by recording the identity of the reviewing pharmacist in a
computer system by a secure means. The computer used to record the reviewing pharmacist’s
identity shall not permit such a record to be altered after it is made.
(b) The record of the reviewing pharmacist’s identity made in a computer system pursuant to
subdivision (a) of this section shall be immediately retrievable in the pharmacy.
Authority cited: Section 4005, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Sections 4005 and
4115, Business and Professions Code.
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1713. Receipt and Delivery of Prescriptions and Prescription Medications Must be To or
From Licensed Pharmacy
(a) Except as otherwise provided in this Division, no licensee shall participate in any
arrangement or agreement, whereby prescriptions, or prescription medications, may be left at,
picked up from, accepted by, or delivered to any place not licensed as a retail pharmacy.
(b) A licensee may pick up prescriptions at the office or home of the prescriber or pick up or
deliver prescriptions or prescription medications at the office of or a residence designated by the
patient or at the hospital, institution, medical office or clinic at which the patient receives health
care services. In addition, the Board may, in its sole discretion, waive application of subdivision
(a) for good cause shown.
(c) A patient or the patient’s agent may deposit a prescription in a secure container that is at the
same address as the licensed pharmacy premises. The pharmacy shall be responsible for the
security and confidentiality of the prescriptions deposited in the container.
(d) A pharmacy may use an automated delivery device to deliver previously dispensed
prescription medications provided:
(1) Each patient using the device has chosen to use the device and signed a written consent
form demonstrating his or her informed consent to do so.
(2) A pharmacist has determined that each patient using the device meets inclusion criteria for
use of the device established by the pharmacy prior to delivery of prescription medication to that
patient.
(3) The device has a means to identify each patient and only release that patient’s prescription
medications.
(4) The pharmacy does not use the device to deliver previously dispensed prescription
medications to any patient if a pharmacist determines that such patient requires counseling as set
forth in section 1707.2(a)(2).
(5) The pharmacy provides an immediate consultation with a pharmacist, either in-person or
via telephone, upon the request of a patient.
(6) The device is located adjacent to the secure pharmacy area.
(7) The device is secure from access and removal by unauthorized individuals.
(8) The pharmacy is responsible for the prescription medications stored in the device.
(9) Any incident involving the device where a complaint, delivery error, or omission has
occurred shall be reviewed as part of the pharmacy's quality assurance program mandated by
Business and Professions Code section 4125.
(10) The pharmacy maintains written policies and procedures pertaining to the device as
described in subdivision (e).
(e) Any pharmacy making use of an automated delivery device as permitted by subdivision (d)
shall maintain, and on an annual basis review, written policies and procedures providing for:
(1) Maintaining the security of the automated delivery device and the dangerous drugs within
the device.
(2) Determining and applying inclusion criteria regarding which medications are appropriate
for placement in the device and for which patients, including when consultation is needed.
(3) Ensuring that patients are aware that consultation with a pharmacist is available for any
prescription medication, including for those delivered via the automated delivery device.
(4) Describing the assignment of responsibilities to, and training of, pharmacy personnel
regarding the maintenance and filing procedures for the automated delivery device.
(5) Orienting participating patients on use of the automated delivery device, notifying patients
when expected prescription medications are not available in the device, and ensuring that patient
use of the device does not interfere with delivery of prescription medications.
(6) Ensuring the delivery of medications to patients in the event the device is disabled or
malfunctions.
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(f) Written policies and procedures shall be maintained at least three years beyond the last use of
an automated delivery device.
(g) For the purposes of this section only, "previously-dispensed prescription medications" are
those prescription medications that do not trigger a non-discretionary duty to consult under
section 1707.2(b)(1), because they have been previously dispensed to the patient by the pharmacy
in the same dosage form, strength, and with the same written directions.
Authority cited: Sections 4005, 4075, and 4114 Business and Professions Code. Reference:
Sections 4005, 4052, 4116 and 4117 Business and Professions Code.
1714. Operational Standards and Security.
(a) All pharmacies (except hospital inpatient pharmacies as defined by Business and Professions
Code section 4029 which solely or predominantly furnish drugs to inpatients of the hospital) shall
contain an area which is suitable for confidential patient counseling.
(b) Each pharmacy licensed by the board shall maintain its facilities, space, fixtures, and
equipment so that drugs are safely and properly prepared, maintained, secured and distributed.
The pharmacy shall be of sufficient size and unobstructed area to accommodate the safe practice
of pharmacy.
(c) The pharmacy and fixtures and equipment shall be maintained in a clean and orderly
condition. The pharmacy shall be dry, well-ventilated, free from rodents and insects, and properly
lighted. The pharmacy shall be equipped with a sink with hot and cold running water for
pharmaceutical purposes.
(d) Each pharmacist while on duty shall be responsible for the security of the prescription
department, including provisions for effective control against theft or diversion of dangerous
drugs and devices, and records for such drugs and devices. Possession of a key to the pharmacy
where dangerous drugs and controlled substances are stored shall be restricted to a pharmacist.
(e) The pharmacy owner, the building owner or manager, or a family member of a pharmacist
owner (but not more than one of the aforementioned) may possess a key to the pharmacy that is
maintained in a tamper evident container for the purpose of 1) delivering the key to a pharmacist
or 2) providing access in case of emergency. An emergency would include fire, flood or
earthquake. The signature of the pharmacist-in-charge shall be present in such a way that the
pharmacist may readily determine whether the key has been removed from the container.
(f) The board shall require an applicant for a licensed premise or for renewal of that license to
certify that it meets the requirements of this section at the time of licensure or renewal.
(g) A pharmacy shall maintain a readily accessible restroom. The restroom shall contain a toilet
and washbasin supplied with running water.
Authority cited: Sections 4005 and 4116, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Sections
4116 and 4117, Business and Professions Code.
1714.1. Pharmacy Operations during the Temporary Absence of a Pharmacist.
This section is to ensure that pharmacists are able to have duty free breaks and meal periods to
which they are entitled under Section 512 of the Labor Code and the orders of the Industrial
Welfare Commission, without unreasonably impairing the ability of a pharmacy to remain open.
(a) In any pharmacy that is staffed by a single pharmacist, the pharmacist may leave the
pharmacy temporarily for breaks and meal periods pursuant to Section 512 of the Labor Code and
the orders of the Industrial Welfare Commission without closing the pharmacy and removing
ancillary staff from the pharmacy if the pharmacist reasonably believes that the security of the
dangerous drugs and devices will be maintained in his or her absence.
If in the professional judgment of the pharmacist, the pharmacist determines that the pharmacy
should close during his or her absence, then the pharmacist shall close the pharmacy and remove
all ancillary staff from the pharmacy during his or her absence.
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(b) During the pharmacist's temporary absence, no prescription medication may be provided to a
patient or to a patient's agent unless the prescription medication is a refill medication that the
pharmacist has checked, released for furnishing to the patient and was determined not to require
the consultation of a pharmacist.
(c) During such times that the pharmacist is temporarily absent from the pharmacy, the ancillary
staff may continue to perform the non-discretionary duties authorized to them by pharmacy law.
However, any duty performed by any member of the ancillary staff shall be reviewed by a
pharmacist upon his or her return to the pharmacy.
(d) During the temporary absence of a pharmacist as authorized by this section, an intern
pharmacist may not perform any discretionary duties nor otherwise act as a pharmacist.
(e) The temporary absence authorized by this section shall be limited to the minimum period
authorized for pharmacists by section 512 of Labor Code or orders of the Industrial Welfare
Commission, and any meal shall be limited to 30 minutes. The pharmacist who is on break shall
not be required to remain in the pharmacy area during the break period.
(f) The pharmacy shall have written policies and procedures regarding the operations of the
pharmacy during the temporary absence of the pharmacist for breaks and meal periods. The
policies and procedures shall include the authorized duties of ancillary staff, the pharmacist's
responsibilities for checking all work performed by ancillary staff and the pharmacist's
responsibility for maintaining the security of the pharmacy. The policies and procedures shall be
open to inspection by the board or its designee at all times during business hours.
(g) For the purposes of this section, ancillary staff includes: an intern pharmacist, a pharmacy
technician, non-licensed personnel as defined in Section 1793.3 of Title 16 of the California Code
of Regulations and a pharmacy technician trainee as defined in Section 4115.5(a) of the Business
and Professions Code.
Authority cited: Sections 4005, 4115 and 4116, Business and Professions Code. Reference:
Sections 4009, 4115, 4115.5 and 4116, Business and Professions Code; and Sections 512 and
1186, Labor Code.
1714.5. Dangerous Drugs and Devices Exempt from the Provisions of Chapter 9, Division 2
of the Business and Professions Code.
As provided in Section 4057 of the Business and Professions Code, the listing below shall be
exempt from the provisions of Chapter 9, Division 2 of the Business and Professions Code where
the sale or furnishing is made to a clinic, hospital, institution, or establishment holding a currently
valid and unrevoked license or permit under division 2 (commencing with Section 1200) of the
Health and Safety Code, or Chapter 2 (commencing with Section 3300) of Division 3 of, or Part 2
(commencing with Section 6250) of Division 6, of the Welfare and Institutions Code:
(a) dangerous devices,
(b) hypodermic needles and syringes,
(c) sterilized sutures,
(d) parenteral solutions of 50 cubic centimeters or over,
(1) sterile water for injection,
(2) dextrose solutions of 10% or less,
(3) ready-made parenteral nutritional solutions,
(4) pre-diluted ready-to-use electrolyte containing solutions,
(5) colloidal and low molecular weight plasma expanders,
(6) Mannitol,
(7) sodium chloride solutions of 5% or less,
(8) alcohol (ethanol) solutions of 10% or less in dextrose infusions,
(e) sterile water U.S.P.,
(f) sterile normal saline solution,
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(g) medicinal gases,
(h) inhalation anesthetics,
(i) laboratory chemicals,
(j) non-controlled topical anesthetics,
(k) injectable local anesthetics when in sealed, pre-packaged kits,
(l) topical stains and dyes,
(m) diagnostic agents and contrast medium for X-ray examination,
(n) medicated dressings,
(o) irrigation solutions, and
(p) ophthalmic irrigation solutions.
Authority cited: Section 4005, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Sections 4005 and
4057, Business and Professions Code.
1715. Self-Assessment of a Pharmacy by the Pharmacist-in-Charge.
(a) The pharmacist-in-charge of each pharmacy as defined under section 4029 or section 4037 of
the Business and Professions Code shall complete a self-assessment of the pharmacy's
compliance with federal and state pharmacy law. The assessment shall be performed before July
1 of every odd-numbered year. The primary purpose of the self-assessment is to promote
compliance through self-examination and education.
(b) In addition to the self-assessment required in subdivision (a) of this section, the pharmacist­
in-charge shall complete a self-assessment within 30 days whenever:
(1) A new pharmacy permit has been issued, or
(2) There is a change in the pharmacist-in-charge, and he or she becomes the new pharmacist­
in-charge of a pharmacy.
(3) There is a change in the licensed location of a pharmacy to a new address.
(c) The components of this assessment shall be on Form 17M-13 (Rev. 01/11) entitled
“Community Pharmacy Self-Assessment Hospital Outpatient Pharmacy Self-Assessment and on
Form 17M-14 (Rev. 01/11) entitled “Hospital Pharmacy Self-Assessment” which are hereby
incorporated by reference to evaluate compliance with federal and state laws and regulations.
(d) Each self-assessment shall be kept on file in the pharmacy for three years after it is
performed.
Authority cited: Sections 4005 and 4127, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Sections
4021, 4022, 4029, 4030, 4037, 4038, 4040, 4050, 4052, 4070, 4081, 4101, 4105, 4113, 4115,
4119, 4127, 4305, 4330, 4332 and 4333, Business and Professions Code, and Sections 1735.2 and
1751. of Title 16 of the California Code of Regulations..
1715.5. Implementation of Electronic Monitoring of Schedule II Prescriptions.
The collection of information authorized by Health and Safety Code section 11165 shall be
provided as follows:
(a) For each prescription for a Schedule II controlled substance, the dispensing pharmacy shall
provide the following information: the full name and address of the patient; the gender and date
of birth of the patient; the DEA (Drug Enforcement Administration) number of the prescriber; the
triplicate prescription number; the pharmacy prescription number; the pharmacy license number;
the NDC (National Drug Code) number and the quantity of the controlled substance; the ICD-9
(diagnosis code), if available; the date of issue of the prescription, the date of dispensing of the
prescription, and the state medical license number of any prescriber using the DEA number of a
government exempt facility.
(b) The above information shall be provided in the following format:
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(1) For each pharmacy with the capacity to do so, by on-line transmission at least every 30
days and no later than the 18th calendar day of the month following the month in which the
prescription is dispensed.
(2) For each pharmacy which does not have the capacity to transmit the information on-line, on
a three and one-half inch diskette in a ASCII format or one-half inch nine track magnetic 1600
BPI tape or any other medium approved by the Board of Pharmacy, which diskette, tape or
medium shall be mailed or delivered to a location specified by The Board of Pharmacy, at least
every 30 days and no later than the 18th calendar day of the month following the month in which
the prescription is dispensed.
(3) For each pharmacy without the capacity to comply with either subsection (b)(1) or (2), the
original triplicate shall be transmitted to the Department of Justice by the end of the month in
which the prescription was filled.
For each pharmacy which submits hard copy pursuant to this subdivision and which pharmacy
averages more than 25 triplicate prescriptions per month in any six months, the Board of
Pharmacy or its designee may thereafter require that pharmacy to comply with subsections (b)(1)
and (2).
(4) As to a prescription which is partially filled or dispensed, the period for compliance with
subsections (1), (2), or (3) shall be measured from the earlier of the following dates and times: the
prescription is either (1) completely dispensed or (2) can no longer be dispensed.
(c) Every pharmacy which has made a submission as required by this section by July 18, 1998,
shall receive a reduction of $75 on its next renewal fee for licensure of the pharmacy by the
board. Every pharmacy shall be in compliance with this section and Health and Safety Code
section 11165 by September 18, 1998.
Authority cited: Sections 4005, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Sections 11164 and
11165, Health and Safety Code.
1715.6. Reporting Drug Loss.
The owner shall report to the Board within thirty (30) days of discovery of any loss of the
controlled substances, including their amounts and strengths.
Authority cited: Section 4005, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Sections 4081 and
4332, Business and Professions Code.
1716. Variation from Prescriptions.
Pharmacists shall not deviate from the requirements of a prescription except upon the prior
consent of the prescriber or to select the drug product in accordance with Section 4073 of the
Business and Professions Code. Nothing in this regulation is intended to prohibit a pharmacist
from exercising commonly-accepted pharmaceutical practice in the compounding or dispensing
of a prescription.
Authority cited: Section 4005, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Section 4040, Business
and Professions Code.
1717. Pharmacy Practice.
(a) No medication shall be dispensed on prescription except in a new container which conforms
with standards established in the official compendia. Notwithstanding the above, a pharmacist
may dispense and refill a prescription for non-liquid oral products in a clean multiple-drug patient
medication package (patient med pak), provided:
(1) a patient med pak is reused only for the same patient;
(2) no more than a one-month supply is dispensed at one time; and
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(3) each patient med pak bears an auxiliary label which reads, “store in a cool, dry place.”
(b) In addition to the requirements of Business and Professions Code Section 4040, the
following information shall be maintained for each prescription on file and shall be readily
retrievable:
(1) The date dispensed, and the name or initials of the dispensing pharmacist. All prescriptions
filled or refilled by an intern pharmacist must also be initialed by the supervising pharmacist
before they are dispensed.
(2) The brand name of the drug or device; or if a generic drug or device is dispensed, the
distributor's name which appears on the commercial package label; and
(3) If a prescription for a drug or device is refilled, a record of each refill, quantity dispensed, if
different, and the initials or name of the dispensing pharmacist.
(4) A new prescription must be created if there is a change in the drug, strength, prescriber or
directions for use, unless a complete record of all such changes is otherwise maintained.
(c) Promptly upon receipt of an orally transmitted prescription, the pharmacist shall reduce it to
writing, and initial it, and identify it as an orally transmitted prescription. If the prescription is
then dispensed by another pharmacist, the dispensing pharmacist shall also initial the prescription
to identify him or herself. All orally transmitted prescriptions shall be received and transcribed by
a pharmacist prior to compounding, filling, dispensing, or furnishing. Chart orders as defined in
Section 4019 of the Business and Professions Code are not subject to the provisions of this
subsection.
(d) A pharmacist may furnish a drug or device pursuant to a written or oral order from a
prescriber licensed in a State other than California in accordance with Business and Professions
Code Section 4005.
(e) A pharmacist may transfer a prescription for Schedule III, IV or V controlled substances to
another pharmacy for refill purposes in accordance with Title 21, Code of Federal Regulations,
1306.25. Prescriptions for other dangerous drugs which are not controlled substances may also be
transferred by direct communication between pharmacists or by the receiving pharmacist's access
to prescriptions or electronic files that have been created or verified by a pharmacist at the
transferring pharmacy. The receiving pharmacist shall create a written prescription; identifying it
as a transferred prescription; and record the date of transfer and the original prescription number.
When a prescription transfer is accomplished via direct access by the receiving pharmacist, the
receiving pharmacist shall notify the transferring pharmacy of the transfer. A pharmacist at the
transferring pharmacy shall then assure that there is a record of the prescription as having been
transferred, and the date of transfer. Each pharmacy shall maintain inventory accountability and
pharmacist accountability and dispense in accordance with the provisions of Section 1716.
Information maintained by each pharmacy shall at least include:
(1) Identification of pharmacist(s) transferring information;
(2) Name and identification code or address of the pharmacy from which the prescription was
received or to which the prescription was transferred, as appropriate;
(3) Original date and last dispensing date;
(4) Number of refills and date originally authorized;
(5) Number of refills remaining but not dispensed;
(6) Number of refills transferred.
(f) The pharmacy must have written procedures that identify each individual pharmacist
responsible for the filling of a prescription and a corresponding entry of information into an
automated data processing system, or a manual record system, and the pharmacist shall create in
his/her handwriting or through hand-initializing a record of such filling, not later than the
beginning of the pharmacy's next operating day. Such record shall be maintained for at least three
years.
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Authority cited: Sections 4005, 4075 and 4114, Business and Professions Code. Reference:
Sections 4005, 4019, 4027, 4050, 4051, 4052, 4075, 4114, 4116, 4117 and 4342, Business and
Professions Code.
1717.1. Common Electronic Files.
(a) For dangerous drugs other than controlled substances: Two or more pharmacies may
establish and use a common electronic file to maintain required dispensing information.
Pharmacies using such a common file are not required to transfer prescriptions or information for
dispensing purposes between or among pharmacies participating in the same common
prescription file.
(b) For controlled substances: To the extent permitted by Federal law, two or more pharmacies
may establish and use a common electronic file of prescriptions and dispensing information.
(c) All common electronic files must contain complete and accurate records of each prescription
and refill dispensed.
(d) Common electronic files as authorized by this section shall not permit disclosure of
confidential medical information except as authorized by the Confidentiality of Medical
Information Act (Civil Code 56 et seq.).
(e) Pharmacies maintaining a common electronic file authorized by this section shall develop
and implement written policies and procedures designed to prevent the unauthorized disclosure of
confidential medical information.
Authority cited: Sections 4005, 4075 and 4114, Business and Professions Code. Reference:
Sections 4005, 4019, 4027, 4050, 4051, 4052, 4075, 4114, 4116 and 4117, Business and
Professions Code and Sections 56.10 and 56.11 of the Civil Code.
1717.3. Preprinted Multiple Checkoff Prescription Blanks.
(a) No person shall dispense a controlled substance pursuant to a preprinted multiple check-off
prescription blank.
(b) A person may dispense a dangerous drug, that is not a controlled substance, pursuant to a
preprinted multiple checkoff prescription blank and may dispense more than one dangerous drug,
that is not a controlled substance, pursuant to such a blank if the prescriber has indicated on the
blank the number of dangerous drugs he or she has prescribed.
(c) “Preprinted multiple checkoff prescription blank,” as used in this section means any form
listing more than one dangerous drug where the intent is that a mark next to the name of a drug
i.e., a “checkoff,” indicates a prescription order for that drug.
Authority cited: Section 4005, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Section 4040, Business
and Professions Code; and Section 11164, Health and Safety Code.
1717.4. Electronic Transmission of Prescriptions.
(a) Except as otherwise prohibited by law, prescriptions may be transmitted by electronic means
from the prescriber to the pharmacy.
(b) An electronically transmitted prescription which meets the requirements of this regulation
shall be deemed to be a prescription within the meaning of Business and Professions Code section
4040.
(c) An electronically transmitted prescription order shall include the name and address of the
prescriber, a telephone number for oral confirmation, date of transmission and the identity of the
recipient, as well as any other information required by federal or state law or regulations. The
prescriber's address, license classification and federal registry number may be omitted if they are
on file and readily retrievable in the receiving pharmacy.
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(d) An “interim storage device” means as electronic file into which a prescription is entered for
later retrieval by an authorized individual. Any interim storage device shall, in addition to the
above information, record and maintain the date of entry and/or receipt of the prescription order,
date of transmission from the interim storage device and identity of the recipient of such
transmission. The interim storage device shall be maintained so as to ensure against unauthorized
access and use of prescription information, including dispensing information.
(e) A pharmacy receiving an electronic image transmission prescription shall either receive the
prescription in hard copy form or have the capacity to retrieve a hard copy facsimile of the
prescription from the pharmacy's computer memory. Any hard copy of a prescription shall be
maintained on paper of permanent quality.
(f) An electronically transmitted prescription shall be transmitted only to the pharmacy of the
patient's choice. This requirement shall not apply to orders for medications to be administered in
an acute care hospital.
(g) Electronic equipment for transmitting prescriptions (or electronic transmittal technology)
shall not be supplied or used so as to violate or circumvent Business and Professions Code section
4000 et seq., Health and Safety Code section 11150 et seq., or any regulations of the board.
(h) Any person who transmits, maintains or receives any prescription or prescription refill,
orally, in writing or electronically, shall ensure the security, integrity, authenticity, and
confidentiality of the prescription and any information contained therein.
Authority cited: Section 4005, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Sections 4019, 4040,
4071, 4072 and 4075, Business and Professions Code; and Section 11150, et seq., Health and
Safety Code.
1718. Current Inventory Defined.
“Current Inventory” as used in Sections 4081 and 4332 of the Business and Professions Code
shall be considered to include complete accountability for all dangerous drugs handled by every
licensee enumerated in Sections 4081 and 4332. The controlled substances inventories required
by Title 21, CFR, Section 1304 shall be available for inspection upon request for at least 3 years
after the date of the inventory.
Authority cited: Section 4005, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Sections 4080, 4081
and 4332, Business and Professions Code.
1718.1. Manufacturer's Expiration Date.
All prescription drugs not bearing a manufacturer's expiration date pursuant to Title 21, Code of
Federal Regulations, section 211.137 are deemed to have expired and may not be manufactured,
distributed, held for sale, or dispensed by any manufacturer, distributor, pharmacist, pharmacy or
other persons authorized to dispense such drugs in California.
Authority cited: Section 4005, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Sections 4005
and 4342, Business and Professions Code.
Article 3. Pharmacist Candidates
1719. Recognized Schools of Pharmacy.
As used in this division, “recognized school of pharmacy” means a school of pharmacy
accredited, or granted candidate status, by the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education or
otherwise recognized by the board.
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Authority cited: Section 4005, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Sections 4200 of the
Business and Professions Code.
1720. Application for Pharmacist Examination and Licensure.
(a) An application for examination shall be submitted on the form provided by the board, and
filed with the board at its office in Sacramento.
(b) The fee required by subdivision (d) of section 1749 of this Division shall be paid for each
application for initial examination and for any application to retake the examination described in
section 4200.2 of the Business and Professions Code. The fee is nonrefundable.
(c) Each applicant shall be solely responsible for applying to and complying with the
requirements imposed by the administrators of the North American Pharmacist Licensure
Examination and the Multi-State Pharmacy Jurisprudence Examination for California for the
administration of those examinations.
Authority cited: Section 4005, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Sections 4200 and
4200.2, Business and Professions Code.
1720.1. Graduates of Foreign Pharmacy Schools.
Graduates of foreign pharmacy schools who have been certified by the Foreign Pharmacy
Graduate Equivalency Committee shall be deemed by the board to have satisfied the requirements
of paragraphs (3) and (4) of Business and Professions Code Section 4200(a). Candidates who
have been certified by the Foreign Pharmacy Graduate Equivalency Committee before January 1,
1998, must also provide the board with a score on the Test of Spoken English of least 50. For
candidates who took the Test of Spoken English before June 30, 1995, a score of at least 220
must be achieved.
Authority cited: Section 4005, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Sections 851 and 4200,
Business and Professions Code.
1721. Dishonest Conduct during Examination.
An applicant for examination as a pharmacist who engages in dishonest conduct during the
examination shall not have that examination graded, shall not be approved to take the
examination for three years from the date of the incident, and shall surrender his or her intern
license until eligible to take the examination. The applicant may not be issued a pharmacy
technician license until the applicant is again eligible to take the examination.
Authority cited: Section 4005, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Sections 123, 496 and
4200, Business and Professions Code.
1723.1. Confidentiality of Examination Questions
Examination questions are confidential. Any applicant for any license issued by the board who
removes all or part of any qualifying examination from the examination room or area, or who
conveys or exposes all or part of any qualifying examination to any other person may be
disqualified as a candidate for a license. The applicant shall not be approved to take the
examination for three years from the date of the incident and shall surrender his or her intern
license until again eligible to take the examination. The applicant may not be issued a pharmacy
technician license until the applicant is again eligible to take the examination.
Note: Authority cited: Section 4005, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Sections 123 and
496, business and Professions Code.
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1724. Passing Grade in Pharmacist Examination.
In order to pass the examination, an applicant shall be required to obtain a passing score as
determined by a criterion-referenced method of establishing the passing point on each part of the
examination. The board may scale the passing score to 75 for the purpose of releasing scores to
examinees.
Authority cited: Section 4005, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Section 4200, Business
and Professions Code.
1725. Acceptable Pharmacy Coursework for Examination Candidates with Four Failed
Attempts.
(a) Coursework that meets the requirements of section 4200.1 of the Business and Professions
Code is any pharmacy coursework offered by a recognized school of pharmacy.
(b) A final examination must be a part of the course of study.
(c) When a candidate applies for reexamination after four failed attempts, he or she shall furnish
evidence of successful completion of at least 16 semester units or the equivalent of pharmacy
coursework. Evidence of successful completion must be posted on a transcript from the pharmacy
school sent directly to the board.
Authority cited: Section 4005, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Section 4200.1,
Business and Professions Code.
1726. Supervision of Intern Pharmacists.
(a) The pharmacist supervising an intern pharmacist shall be responsible for all professional
activities performed by the intern under his or her supervision.
(b) The pharmacist supervising an intern pharmacist shall provide the experience necessary for
the intern pharmacist to become proficient in the practice of pharmacy.
Authority cited: Section 4005, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Sections 4030, 4114
and 4200, Business and Professions Code.
1727.1 Intern Pharmacist Address.
The board shall not make an intern pharmacist’s address publicly available on the “Internet,” as defined by Business and Professions Code section 17538. Note: Authority cited: Section 4005, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Section 4005, 4030, 4100 and 4208, Business and Professions Code. 1727.2. Requirements for Pharmacist Intern.
Every applicant for a pharmacist intern license shall submit as part of the application process, a
sealed, original Self Query Report from the National Practitioner Data Bank-Healthcare Integrity
and Protection Data Bank (NPDB-HIPDB), dated no earlier than 60 days before the date an
application is submitted to the board.
Note: Authority cited: Section 4005, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Sections 4207
and 4208, Business and Professions Code.
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1728. Requirements for Examination.
(a) Prior to receiving authorization from the board to take the pharmacist licensure examinations
required by section 4200 of the Business and Professions Code, applicants shall submit to the
board the following:
(1) Proof of 1500 hours of pharmacy practice experience that meets the following
requirements:
(A) A minimum of 900 hours of pharmacy practice experience obtained in a pharmacy.
(B) A maximum of 600 hours of pharmacy practice experience may be granted at the
discretion of the board for other experience substantially related to the practice of pharmacy.
(C) Experience in both community pharmacy and institutional pharmacy practice settings.
(D) Pharmacy practice experience that satisfies the requirements for both introductory and
advanced pharmacy practice experiences established by the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy
Education.
(2) Satisfactory proof that the applicant graduated from a recognized school of pharmacy.
(3) Fingerprints to obtain criminal history information from both the Department of Justice and
the United States Federal Bureau of Investigation pursuant to Business and Professions Code
section 144.
(4) A signed copy of the examination security acknowledgment.
(b) Applicants who hold or held a pharmacist license in another state shall provide a current
license verification from each state in which the applicant holds or held a pharmacist license prior
to being authorized by the boar to take the examinations.
(c) Applicants who graduated from a foreign school of pharmacy shall provide the board with
satisfactory proof of certification by the Foreign Pharmacy Graduate Examination Committee
prior to being authorized by the board to take the examinations.
Authority cited: Sections 851, and 4005, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Sections
144, 851, and 4200, Business and Professions Code.
Article 4. Continuing Education
1732. Definitions.
As used in this article:
(a) “Accreditation agency” means an organization which evaluates and accredits providers of
continuing education for pharmacists.
(b) “Hour” means at least 50 minutes of contact time.
(c) “Provider” means a person who has been accredited by an approved accreditation agency or
accredited by the board to provide a specific continuing education course.
Authority cited: Section 4005, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Section 4232, Business
and Professions Code.
1732.05. Accreditation Agencies for Continuing Education.
(a) The following organizations are approved as accreditation agencies:
(1) The Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education.
(2) The Pharmacy Foundation of California.
(b) Accreditation agencies shall:
(1) Evaluate each continuing education provider seeking accreditation in accordance with the
provider’s ability to comply with the requirements of section 1732.1 of this Division.
(2) Maintain a list of the name and address of person responsible for the provider's continuing
education program. The accreditation agency shall require that any change in the responsible
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person's identity shall be reported to the accreditation agency within 15 days of the effective date
of the change.
(3) Provide the board with the names, addresses and responsible party of each provider, upon
request.
(4) Respond to complaints from the board, providers or from pharmacists concerning activities
of any of its accredited providers or their coursework.
(5) Review at least one course per year offered by each provider accredited by the agency for
compliance with the agency's requirements and requirements of the board and, on request, report
the findings of such reviews to the board.
(6) Take such action as is necessary to assure that the continuing education coursework offered
by its providers meets the continuing education requirements of the board; and
(7) Verify the completion of a specific continuing education course by an individual
pharmacist upon request of the board.
(c) Substantial failure of an approved accreditation agency to evaluate continuing education
providers as set forth in subdivision (b) shall constitute cause for revocation of its approval as an
accreditation agency by the board.
Authority cited: section 4005, Business and Professions Code. Reference: section 4232, Business
and Professions Code.
1732.1. Requirements for Accredited Providers.
(a) No person shall provide continuing pharmacy education without being accredited by an
approved accreditation agency or having the course accredited by the board pursuant to section
1732.2 of this Division.
(b) Providers shall ensure that each continuing education course complies with the requirements
of section 1732.3 of this Division.
(c) Providers shall furnish statements of credit to all participants that complete a continuing
education course. The statement of credit shall contain the name of the enrollee, name and
number of the provider, title of the course, number of completed hours, date of completion,
expiration date of the coursework, course number, if applicable and the name of the accrediting
agency.
(d) Each provider shall notify the accreditation agency at least 15 days in advance of the first
time each new continuing education course is offered or presented.
(e) Providers shall maintain records of completion of their continuing education courses for four
years.
(f) Providers shall include the following information in promotional materials regarding
continuing education courses:
(1) Provider's name.
(2) The number of hours awarded for completion of the course.
(3) The date when the course’s accreditation expires.
(4) The provider number assigned by the accreditation agency.
(5) The name of the provider’s accrediting agency.
(6) The learning objectives of the program.
(7) The nature of the targeted audiences that may best benefit from participation in the
program.
(8) The speakers and their credentials.
(g) Providers shall have written procedures for determining the credit hours awarded for the
completion of continuing education courses.
Authority cited: Section 4005, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Section 4232, Business
and Professions Code.
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1732.2. Board Accredited Continuing Education.
(a) Individuals may petition the board to allow continuing education credit for specific
coursework which is not offered by a provider but meets the standards of Section 1732.3.
(b) Notwithstanding subdivision (a) of this section, coursework which meets the standard of
relevance to pharmacy practice and has been approved for continuing education by the Medical
Board of California, the California Board of Podiatric Medicine, the California Board of
Registered Nursing or the Dental Board of California shall, upon satisfactory completion, be
considered approved continuing education for pharmacists.
Authority cited: Section 4005, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Section 4200.2, 4202,
4231 and 4232, Business and Professions Code.
1732.3. Requirements for Continuing Education Courses.
(a) Unless denied by the accreditation agency upon audit, all coursework offered by providers
may be used to satisfy the continuing education required by section 1732.5 of this Division.
(b) On a random basis or in response to a request by the board, the accreditation agency shall
review selected coursework. The material shall be forwarded to a reviewer to judge the quality of
the program on the basis of factors established by the accreditation agency in addition to the
requirements of this section.
(c) A recognized provider's coursework shall be valid for up to three years following the initial
presentation provided that the information is still current.
(d) Continuing education courses shall comply with the following:
(1) Courses shall have specific, measurable learning objectives which serve as a basis for an
evaluation of the program's effectiveness.
(2) Speakers, or those developing the content of the course, shall be competent in the subject
matter and shall be qualified by education, training and/or experience.
(3) Courses shall have a syllabus which provides a general outline of the course. The syllabus
shall contain at a minimum, the learning objectives for each course and a summary containing the
main points for each topic.
(4) Courses shall include a mechanism that allows all participants to assess their achievement
in accordance with the program's learning objectives.
(e) (1) Continuing education courses shall be relevant to the practice of pharmacy as provided in
this section and in section 4232 of the Business and Professions Code and related to one or more
of the following:
(A) The scientific knowledge or technical skills required for the practice of pharmacy.
(B) Direct and/or indirect patient care.
(C) The management and operation of a pharmacy practice.
(2) Continuing education courses shall not reflect the commercial views of the provider or of
any person giving financial assistance to the provider.
Authority cited: Section 4005 Business and Professions Code. Reference: Section 4232, Business
and Professions Code.
1732.4. Provider Audit Requirements.
Upon written request from the accreditation agency, relating to an audit of continuing education
course, each provider shall submit such materials as are required by the accreditation agency.
Authority cited: Section 4005, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Section 4232, Business
and Professions Code.
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1732.5. Renewal Requirements for Pharmacist.
(a) Except as provided in section 4234 of the Business and Professions Code and section 1732.6
of this Division, each applicant for renewal of a pharmacist license shall submit proof satisfactory
to the board, that the applicant has completed 30 hours of continuing education in the prior 24
months.
(b) All pharmacists shall retain their certificates of completion for four years following
completion of a continuing education course.
Authority cited: Section 4005, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Sections 4231 and
4232, Business and Professions Code.
1732.6. Exemptions.
Pharmacists may seek exemption from the continuing education requirements for renewal on the
grounds of emergency or hardship by applying to the board in writing, setting forth the reasons
why such exemption should be granted. Exemptions may be granted for such reasons as illness or
full-time enrollment in a health professional school.
Authority cited: Section 4005, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Section 4234, Business
and Professions Code.
1732.7. Complaint Mechanism.
A provider may request reconsideration of any adverse action taken against the provider or its
coursework by an accreditation agency. Following such reconsideration, the provider may request
review of the accreditation agency's decision by the board.
Authority cited: Section 4005, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Section 4232, Business
and Professions Code.
Article 4.5 Compounding
1735. Compounding in Licensed Pharmacies
(a) “Compounding” means any of the following activities occurring in a licensed pharmacy, by
or under the supervision of a licensed pharmacist, pursuant to a prescription:
(1) Altering the dosage form or delivery system of a drug
(2) Altering the strength of a drug
(3) Combining components or active ingredients
(4) Preparing a drug product from chemicals or bulk drug substances
(b) “Compounding” does not include reconstitution of a drug pursuant to a manufacturer’s
direction(s) for oral, rectal topical, or injectable administration, nor does it include tablet splitting
or the addition of flavoring agent(s) to enhance palatability.
(c) “Compounding” does not include, except in small quantities under limited circumstances as
justified by a specific, documented, medical need, preparation of a compounded drug product that
is commercially available in the marketplace or that is essentially a copy of a drug product that is
commercially available in the marketplace.
(d) The parameters and requirements stated by this Article 4.5 (Section 1735 et seq.) apply to all
compounding practices. Additional parameters and requirements applicable solely to sterile
injectable compounding are stated by Article 7(Section 1735 et seq.).
Authority cited: Sections 4005 and 4127, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Sections
4005, 4036, 4037, 4051, 4052, and 4127, Business and Professions Code.
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1735.1. Compounding Definitions
(a) “Integrity” means retention of potency until the expiration date noted on the label.
(b) “Potency” means active ingredient strength within +/- 10% of the labeled amount.
(c) “Quality” means the absence of harmful levels of contaminants, including filth, putrid, or
decomposed substances, and absence of active ingredients other than those noted on the label.
(d) “Strength” means amount of active ingredient per unit of a compounded drug product.
Authority cited: Sections 4005 and 4127, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Sections
4005, 4036, 4037, 4052, and 4127, Business and Professions Code.
1735.2. Compounding Limitations and Requirements; Self-Assessment
(a) Except as specified in (b) and (c), no drug product shall be compounded prior to receipt by a
pharmacy of a valid prescription for an individual patient where the prescriber has approved use
of a compounded drug product either orally or in writing. Where approval is given orally, that
approval shall be noted on the prescription prior to compounding.
(b) A pharmacy may prepare and store a limited quantity of a compounded drug product in
advance of receipt of a patient-specific prescription where and solely in such quantity as is
necessary to ensure continuity of care for an identified population of patients of the pharmacy
based on a documented history of prescriptions for that patient population.
(c) Pursuant to Business and Professions Code section 4052(a)(1), a “reasonable quantity” of
compounded drug product may be furnished to a prescriber for office use upon prescriber order,
where “reasonable quantity” is that amount of compounded drug product that:
(1) is sufficient for administration or application to patients in the prescriber’s office, or for
distribution of not more than a 72-hour supply to the prescriber’s patients, as estimated by the
prescriber; and
(2) is reasonable considering the intended use of the compounded medication and the nature of
the prescriber’s practice; and
(3) for any individual prescriber and for all prescribers taken as a whole, is an amount which
the pharmacy is capable of compounding in compliance with pharmaceutical standards for
integrity, potency, quality and strength of the compounded drug product.
(d) A drug product shall not be compounded until the pharmacy has first prepared a written
master formula record that includes at least the following elements:
(1) Active ingredients to be used.
(2) Inactive ingredients to be used.
(3) Process and/or procedure used to prepare the drug.
(4) Quality reviews required at each step in preparation of the drug.
(5) Post-compounding process or procedures required, if any.
(6) Expiration dating requirements.
(e) Where a pharmacy does not routinely compound a particular drug product, the master
formula record for that product may be recorded on the prescription document itself.
(f) The pharmacist performing or supervising compounding is responsible for the integrity,
potency, quality, and labeled strength of a compounded drug product until it is dispensed.
(g) All chemicals, bulk drug substances, drug products, and other components used for drug
compounding shall be stored and used according to compendial and other applicable requirements
to maintain their integrity, potency, quality, and labeled strength.
(h) Every compounded drug product shall be given an expiration date representing the date
beyond which, in the professional judgment of the pharmacist performing or supervising the
compounding, it should not be used. This “beyond use date” of the compounded drug product
shall not exceed 180 days from preparation or the shortest expiration date of any component in
the compounded drug product, unless a longer date is supported by stability studies of finished
171
drugs or compounded drug products using the same components and packaging. Shorter dating
than set forth in this subsection may be used if it is deemed appropriate in the professional
judgment of the responsible pharmacist.
(i) The pharmacist performing or supervising compounding is responsible for the proper
preparation, labeling, storage, and delivery of the compounded drug product.
(j) Prior to allowing any drug product to be compounded in a pharmacy, the pharmacist-in­
charge shall complete a self-assessment form for compounding pharmacies developed by the
board Form 17M-39 (Rev. 01/11). That form contains a first section applicable to all
compounding, and a second section applicable to sterile injectable compounding. The first section
must be completed by the pharmacist-in-charge before any compounding is performed in the
pharmacy. The second section must be completed by the pharmacist-in-charge before any sterile
injectable compounding is performed in the pharmacy. The applicable sections of the selfassessment shall subsequently be completed before July 1 of odd-numbered each year, within
30 days of the start of a new pharmacist-in-charge, and within 30 days of the issuance of a new
pharmacy license. The primary purpose of the self-assessment is to promote compliance through
self-examination and education.
Authority cited: Sections 4005 and 4127, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Sections
4005, 4036, 4037, 4051, 4052, and 4127, Business and Professions Code, Sections 1735, 1735.1.­
1735.8., and 1751.1.-1715.8 of Title 16 of the California Code of Regulations.
1735.3. Recordkeeping of Compounded Drug Product
(a) For each compounded drug product, the pharmacy records shall include:
(1) The master formula record.
(2) The date the drug product was compounded.
(3) The identity of the pharmacy personnel who compounded the drug product.
(4) The identity of the pharmacist reviewing the final drug product.
(5) The quantity of each component used in compounding the drug product.
(6) The manufacturer and lot number of each component. If the manufacturer name is
demonstrably unavailable, the name of the supplier may be substituted. Exempt from the
requirements in this paragraph are sterile products compounded on a one-time basis for
administration within twenty-four hours to an inpatient in a health care facility licensed under
section 1250 of the Health and Safety Code.
(7) The equipment used in compounding the drug product.
(8) A pharmacy assigned reference or lot number for the compounded drug product.
(9) The expiration date of the final compounded drug product.
(10) The quantity or amount of drug product compounded.
(b) Pharmacies shall maintain records of the proper acquisition, storage, and destruction of
chemicals, bulk drug substances, drug products, and components used in compounding.
(c) Chemicals, bulk drug substances, drug products, and components used to compound drug
products shall be obtained from reliable suppliers. The pharmacy shall acquire and retain any
available certificates of purity or analysis for chemicals, bulk drug substances, drug products, and
components used in compounding. Certificates of purity or analysis are not required for products
that are approved by the Food and Drug Administration.
(d) Pharmacies shall maintain and retain all records required by this article in the pharmacy in a
readily retrievable form for at least three years from the date the record was created.
Authority cited: Sections 4005 and 4127, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Sections
4005, 4036, 4037, 4051, 4052, and 4127, Business and Professions Code.
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1735.4. Labeling of Compounded Drug Products
(a) In addition to the labeling information required under Business and Professions Code section
4076, the label of a compounded drug product shall contain the generic name(s) of the principal
active ingredient(s).
(b) A statement that the drug has been compounded by the pharmacy shall be included on the
container or on the receipt provided to the patient.
(c) Drug products compounded into unit-dose containers that are too small or otherwise
impractical for full compliance with subdivisions (a) and (b) shall be labeled with at least the
name(s) of the active ingredient(s), concentration of strength, volume or weight, pharmacy
reference or lot number, and expiration date.
Authority cited: Sections 4005 and 4127, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Sections
4005, 4036, 4037, 4051, 4052, 4076 and 4127, Business and Professions Code.
1735.5. Compounding Policies and Procedures
(a) Any pharmacy engaged in compounding shall maintain a written policy and procedure
manual for compounding that establishes procurement procedures, methodologies for the
formulation and compounding of drugs, facilities and equipment cleaning, maintenance,
operation, and other standard operating procedures related to compounding.
(b) The policy and procedure manual shall be reviewed on an annual basis by the pharmacist-in­
charge and shall be updated whenever changes in processes are implemented.
(c) The policy and procedure manual shall include the following:
(1) Procedures for notifying staff assigned to compounding duties of any changes in processes
or to the policy and procedure manual.
(2) Documentation of a plan for recall of a dispensed compounded drug product where
subsequent verification demonstrates the potential for adverse effects with continued use of a
compounded drug product.
(3) The procedures for maintaining, storing, calibrating, cleaning, and disinfecting equipment
used in compounding, and for training on these procedures as part of the staff training and
competency evaluation process.
(4) Documentation of the methodology used to test integrity, potency, quality, and labeled
strength of compounded drug products.
(5) Documentation of the methodology used to determine appropriate expiration dates for
compounded drug products.
Authority cited: Sections 4005 and 4127, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Sections
4005, 4036, 4037, 4051, 4052, and 4127, Business and Professions Code.
1735.6. Compounding Facilities and Equipment
(a) Any pharmacy engaged in compounding shall maintain written documentation regarding the
facilities and equipment necessary for safe and accurate compounded drug products. Where
applicable, this shall include records of certification(s) of facilities or equipment.
(b) Any equipment used to compound drug products shall be stored, used, and maintained in
accordance with manufacturers’ specifications.
(c) Any equipment used to compound drug products for which calibration or adjustment is
appropriate shall be calibrated prior to use to ensure accuracy. Documentation of each such
calibration shall be recorded in writing and these records of calibration shall be maintained and
retained in the pharmacy.
Authority cited: Sections 4005 and 4127, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Sections
4005, 4036, 4037, 4051, 4052, and 4127, Business and Professions Code.
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1735.7. Training of Compounding Staff
(a) Any pharmacy engaged in compounding shall maintain written documentation sufficient to
demonstrate that pharmacy personnel have the skills and training required to properly and
accurately perform their assigned responsibilities relating to compounding.
(b) The pharmacy shall develop and maintain an on-going competency evaluation process for
pharmacy personnel involved in compounding, and shall maintain documentation of any and all
training related to compounding undertaken by pharmacy personnel.
(c) Pharmacy personnel assigned to compounding duties shall demonstrate knowledge about
processes and procedures used in compounding any drug product.
Authority cited: Sections 4005 and 4127, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Sections
4005, 4036, 4037, 4051, 4052, and 4127, Business and Professions Code.
1735.8. Compounding Quality Assurance
(a) Any pharmacy engaged in compounding shall maintain, as part of its written policies and
procedures, a written quality assurance plan designed to monitor and ensure the integrity,
potency, quality, and labeled strength of compounded drug products.
(b) The quality assurance plan shall include written procedures for verification, monitoring, and
review of the adequacy of the compounding processes and shall also include written
documentation of review of those processes by qualified pharmacy personnel.
(c) The quality assurance plan shall include written standards for qualitative and quantitative
integrity, potency, quality, and labeled strength analysis of compounded drug products. All
qualitative and quantitative analysis reports for compounded drug products shall be retained by
the pharmacy and collated with the compounding record and master formula.
(d) The quality assurance plan shall include a written procedure for scheduled action in the event
any compounded drug product is ever discovered to be below minimum standards for integrity,
potency, quality, or labeled strength.
Authority cited: Sections 4005 and 4127, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Sections
4005, 4036, 4037, 4051, 4052, and 4127, Business and Professions Code.
Article 5. Dangerous Drugs
1744. Drug Warnings.
Pursuant to Business and Professions Code Section 4074, a pharmacist shall inform the patient or
his or her representative of the harmful effects of certain drugs dispensed by prescription.
(a) The following classes of drugs may impair a person's ability to drive a motor vehicle or
operate machinery when taken alone or in combination with alcohol:
(1) Muscle relaxants.
(2) Analgesics with central nervous system depressant effects.
(3) Antipsychotic drugs including phenothiazines.
(4) Antidepressants.
(5) Antihistamines, motion sickness agents, antipruritics, antinauseants, anticonvulsants and
antihypertensive agents with central nervous system depressant effects.
(6) All Schedule II, III, IV and V depressant or narcotic controlled substances as set forth in
Health and Safety Code at Section 11055 et seq. prescribed in doses which could have an adverse
effect on a person's ability to operate a motor vehicle.
(7) Anticholinergic agents and other drugs which may impair vision.
174
(b) The following are examples of drugs which may have harmful effects when taken in
combination with alcohol. These may or may not affect a person's ability to operate a motor
vehicle.
(1) Disulfiram and other drugs (e.g. chlorpropamide, metronidazole) which may cause a
disulfiram-like reaction.
(2) Mono amine oxidase inhibitors.
(3) Nitrates.
Authority cited: Section 4005, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Sections 4022, 4055
and 4074, Business and Professions Code.
1745. Partial Filling of Schedule II Prescriptions.
(a) A prescription for a Schedule II controlled substance (as defined in Health and Safety Code
section 11055) may be partially filled, as defined in paragraph (b), if:
(1) The prescription is for an inpatient of a skilled nursing facility as defined in Health and
Safety Code section 1250; or
(2) The prescription is for a terminally ill patient. “Terminally ill” as used herein means a
patient for whom a licensed physician and surgeon has made and documented a diagnosis of
illness or disease that will result in death.
(b) A “partially filled” prescription is a prescription from which only a portion of the amount for
which the prescription is written is filled at any one time; provided that regardless of how many
times the prescription is partially filled, the total amount dispensed shall not exceed that written
on the face of the prescription.
(c) When partially filling a prescription pursuant to subsection (a), all of the following
conditions must be met:
(1) The prescription must be tendered and at least partially filled within 60 days following the
date of issue;
(2) The pharmacist records the date and amount of each partial filling in a readily retrievable
form and on the original prescription, also recording the initials of the pharmacist dispensing the
prescription;
(3) No portion of the prescription is dispensed more than 60 days from the date of issuance of
the prescription; and
(d) A pharmacist may partially fill a prescription for a controlled substance listed in Schedule II,
if the pharmacist is unable to supply the full quantity ordered by the prescriber. The pharmacist
shall make a notation of the quantity supplied on the face of the written prescription. The
remaining portion of the prescription may be filled within 72 hours of the first partial filling. If
the remaining portion is not filled within the 72-hour period, the pharmacist shall notify the
prescriber. The pharmacist may not supply the drug after 72 hour period has expired without a
new prescription.
Authority cited: Section 4005, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Section 4301, Business
and Professions Code; and Sections 11055, 11153, 11154, 11166, 11200, Health and Safety
Code.
1746. Emergency Contraception.
(a) A pharmacist furnishing emergency contraception pursuant to Section 4052.3(a)(2) of the
Business and Professions Code shall follow the protocol specified in subdivision (b) of this
section.
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(b) Protocol for Pharmacists Furnishing Emergency Contraception (EC).
(1) Authority: Section 4052.3(a)(2) of the California Business and Professions Code authorizes a
pharmacist to furnish emergency contraception pursuant to a protocol approved by the California
State Board of Pharmacy and the Medical Board of California. Use of the protocol specified in
this section satisfies that requirement.
(2) Purpose: To provide timely access to emergency contraceptive medication and ensure that
the patient receives adequate information to successfully complete therapy.
(3) Procedure: When a patient requests emergency contraception, the pharmacist will ask and
communicate the following:
Are you allergic to any medications?
Timing is an essential element of the product's effectiveness. EC should be taken as soon
as possible after unprotected intercourse. Treatment may be initiated up to five days (120
hours) after unprotected intercourse.
EC use will not interfere with an established or implanted pregnancy.
If more than 72 hours have elapsed since unprotected intercourse, the use of ella™
(ulipristal) may be more effective than levonorgestrel. For other options for EC, consult
with your health care provider.
Please follow up with your health care provider after the use of EC.
(4) The pharmacist shall provide a fact sheet and review any questions the patient may have
regarding EC. In addition, the pharmacist shall collect the information required for a patient
medication record required by Section 1707.1 of Title 16 of the California Code of Regulations.
Fact Sheet: The pharmacist will provide the patient with a copy of the current EC fact sheet
approved by the Board of Pharmacy as required by Business and Professions Code Section
4052.3(e).
(5) Referrals and Supplies: If emergency contraception services are not immediately available at
the pharmacy or the pharmacist declines to furnish pursuant to conscience clause, the pharmacist
will refer the patient to another emergency contraception provider. The pharmacist shall comply
with all state mandatory reporting laws, including sexual abuse laws.
(6) The pharmacist may provide up to 12 non-spermicidal condoms to each Medi-Cal and
Family PACT client who obtains emergency contraception.
(7) Advanced provision: The pharmacist may dispense emergency contraception medication for
a patient in advance of the need for emergency contraception.
(8) EC Product Selection: The pharmacist will provide emergency contraception medication
from the list of products specified in this protocol. This list must be kept current and maintained
in the pharmacy. Along with emergency contraception products, the list will include adjunctive
medications indicated for nausea and vomiting associated with taking EC containing estrogen.
Patients will be provided information concerning dosing and potential adverse effects.
(9) Documentation: Each prescription authorized by a pharmacist will be documented in a
patient medication record as required by law.
(10) Training: Prior to furnishing emergency contraception, pharmacists who participate in this
protocol must have completed a minimum of one hour of continuing education specific to
emergency contraception.
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(11) Medications Used for Emergency Contraception
Dedicated Approved Products for Emergency Contraception
Ethinyl Estradiol
per dose (mcg)
One Tablet Regimens
1 tablet
0
1 tablet
0
1 tablet
0
Brand
Dose
Plan B™ One-Step
ella™
Levonorgestrel
Two Tablet Regimens
2 tablets at once
(1.5mg total dose)
or
1 tablet (0.75mg) followed by
1 tablet (0.75mg) 12 hours later
2 tablets at once
(1.5mg total dose)
or
1 tablet (0.75mg) followed by
1 tablet (0.75mg) 12 hours later
Next Choice™
Levonorgestrel
1.5mg levonorgestrel
30mg ulipristal
1.5mg levonorgestrel
0
Each tablet is 0.75 mg
levonorgestrel
0
Each tablet is 0.75 mg
levonorgestrel
Ethinyl Estradiol
per dose (mcg)
100
Levonorgestrel
per dose (mg)*
0.50
Oral Contraceptive Pills
Alesse
Tablets per Dose
(two doses 12 hours apart*)
5 pink tablets
Aviane
5 orange tablets
100
0.50
Levlen
4 light-orange tablets
120
0.60
Levlite
5 pink tablets
100
0.50
Levora
4 white tablets
120
0.60
Lo/Ovral
4 white tablets
120
0.50
Low-Ogestrel
4 white tablets
120
0.60
Nordette
4 light-orange tablets
120
0.60
Ogestrel
2 white tablets
100
0.50
Ovral
2 white tablets
100
0.50
Tri-Levlen
4 yellow tablets
100
0.50
Triphasil
4 yellow tablets
120
0.50
Trivora
4 pink tablets
120
0.50
Ovrette
20 yellow tablets
0
0.75
Brand
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*The progestin in Ovral, Lo/Ovral, and Ovrette is norgestrel, which contains two isomers, only
one of which (levonorgestrel) is bioactive; the amount of norgestrel in each dose is twice the
amount of levonorgestrel.
In addition to the products specified in this paragraph, generic equivalent products may be
furnished. Estrogen containing regimens are not preferred and should be used only when the
other options are not available.
(12) Anti-nausea Treatment Options for use with Emergency Contraception
Non-Prescription Drugs
Meclizine hydrochloride
(Dramamine II, Bonine)
Diphenhydramine hydrochloride
(Benadryl)
Dimenhydrinate (Dramamine)
Cyclizine hydrochloride
(Marezine)
Dose
One or two 25 mg tablets
One or two 25 mg
tablets or capsules
One or two 50 mg tablets or
4-8 teaspoons liquid
One 50 mg tablet
Timing of Administration
1 hour before first EC dose;
Repeat if needed in 24 hours
1 hour before first EC dose;
repeat as needed every 4-6 hours
30 minutes to 1 hour before first
EC dose; repeat as needed every
4-6 hours
30 minutes before first EC dose;
repeat as needed every 4-6 hours
Note: Authority cited: Section 4005, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Sections 4052
and 4052.3, Business and Professions Code.
Article 6. Fees
1749. Fee Schedule.
The fees for the issuance and renewal of licenses, certificates, and permits, and the penalties to be
assessed for failure to renew in accordance with sections 163.5, 4110, 4127.5, 4196, and 4400 of
the Business and Professions Code are hereby fixed as follows:
(a) The fee for the issuance of a pharmacy license is four hundred dollars ($400). The fee for the
annual renewal of pharmacy license is two hundred fifty dollars ($250). The penalty for failure to
renew is one hundred and twenty five dollars ($125).
(b) The fee for the issuance of a temporary license is two hundred fifty dollars ($250).
(c) The fee for the issuance of a pharmacy technician license shall be fifty dollars ($50). The fee
for the biennial renewal of a pharmacy technician license shall be fifty dollars ($50). The penalty
for failure to renew a pharmacy technician license is twenty-five dollars ($25).
(d) The fee for application and examination as a pharmacist is one hundred eighty-five dollars
($185).
(e) The fee for regrading an examination is eighty-five dollars ($85).
(f) The fee for the issuance of an original pharmacist license is one hundred fifty dollars ($150).
(g) The fee for the biennial renewal of a pharmacist's license is one hundred fifty dollars ($150).
The penalty fee for failure to renew is seventy-five dollars ($75).
(h) The fee for the issuance or renewal of a wholesaler's license is six hundred dollars ($600).
The penalty for failure to renew is one hundred fifty dollars ($150).
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(i) The fee for the issuance or renewal of a hypodermic license is one hundred twenty five
dollars ($125). The penalty for failure to renew is sixty-two dollars and fifty cents ($62.50).
(j) The fee for the issuance of a license as a designated representative pursuant to Section 4053
of the Business and Professions Code shall be two hundred fifty dollars ($250). If the applicant is
not issued a license as a designated representative, the board shall refund one hundred ten dollars
($110) of the fee. The fee for the annual renewal of a license as a designated representative shall
be one hundred fifty dollars ($150). The penalty for failure to renew is seventy-five dollars ($75).
(k) The fee for the issuance or renewal of a license as a nonresident wholesaler is six hundred
dollars ($600). The penalty for failure to renew is one hundred fifty dollars ($150).
(l) The fee for an intern pharmacist license is seventy-five dollars ($75). The fee for transfer of
intern hours or verification of licensure to another state is twenty dollars ($20).
(m) The fee for the reissuance of any permit, license, or certificate, or renewal thereof, which
must be reissued because of change in the information, other than name change, is one hundred
dollars ($100).
(n) The fee for evaluation of continuing education courses for accreditation is forty dollars ($40)
for each hour of accreditation requested.
(o) The fee for the issuance of a clinic license is four hundred dollars ($400). The fee for the
annual renewal of a clinic license is two hundred fifty dollars ($250). The penalty for failure to
renew is one hundred and twenty five dollars ($125).
(p) The fee for the issuance of a nongovernmental license, or renewal of a license, to compound
sterile drug products is six hundred dollars ($600). The penalty for failure to renew is one
hundred fifty dollars ($150).
(q) The fee for the issuance of a license as a designated representative for a veterinary foodanimal drug retailer shall be two hundred fifty dollars ($250). If the applicant is not issued a
license as a designated representative, the board shall refund one hundred fifty dollars ($150) of
the fee. The fee for the annual renewal of a license as a designated representative shall be one
hundred ten dollars ($110). The penalty for failure to renew is fifty-five dollars ($55).
(r) The fee for a veterinary food-animal drug retailer license is four hundred dollars ($400). The
annual renewal fee for a veterinary food-animal drug retailer is two hundred and fifty dollars
($250). The fee for the issuance of a temporary license is two hundred and fifty dollars ($250)
(s) The fee for the issuance of a retired pharmacist license shall be thirty dollars ($30).
Authority cited: Sections 163.5 and 4005, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Sections
163.5, 4005, 4110, 4112(h), 4120, 4127.5, 4196, 4200, 4400, 4401 and 4403, Business and
Professions Code.
Article 7. Sterile Injectable Compounding
1751. Sterile Injectable Compounding; Compounding Area; Self-Assessment
(a) Any pharmacy engaged in compounding sterile injectable drug products shall conform to the
parameters and requirements stated by Article 4.5 (Section 1735 et seq.), applicable to all
compounding, and shall also conform to the parameters and requirements stated by this Article 7
(Section 1751 et seq.), applicable solely to sterile injectable compounding.
(b) Any pharmacy compounding sterile injectable drug products shall have a designated area for
the preparation of sterile injectable products which shall meet the following standards:
(1) Clean Room and Work Station Requirements, shall be in accordance with Section 490A.3.1
of Title 24, Part 2, Chapter 4A of the California Code of Regulations.
(2) Walls, ceilings and floors shall be constructed in accordance with Section 490A.3 of Title
24, Part 2, Chapter 4A of the California Code of Regulations.
(3) Be ventilated in a manner in accordance with Section 505.12 Title 24, Part 4, Chapter 5 of
the California Code of Regulations.
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(4) Be certified annually by a qualified technician who is familiar with the methods and
procedures for certifying laminar air flow hoods and clean room requirements, in accordance with
standards adopted by the United States General Services Administration. Certification records
must be retained for at least 3 years.
(5) The pharmacy shall be arranged in accordance with Section 490A.3 of Title 24, Part 2,
Chapter 4A of the California Code of Regulations. Items related to the compounding of sterile
injectable products within the compounding area shall be stored in such a way as to maintain the
integrity of an aseptic environment.
(6) A sink shall be included in accordance in Section 490A.3.4 Title 24, Part 2, Chapter 4A of
the California Code of Regulations.
(7) There shall be a refrigerator and/or freezer of sufficient capacity to meet the storage
requirements for all material requiring refrigeration.
(c) Any pharmacy compounding a sterile injectable product from one or more non-sterile
ingredients shall comply with Business and Professions Code section 4127.7.
Authority cited: Sections 4005 and 4127, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Sections
4005, 4036, 4037, 4051, 4052, 4127 and 4127.7, Business and Professions Code; Sections
1735, 1735.1,-1735.8., and 1751.1-1751.8. of Title 16 of the California Code of Regulations; and
Section 18944, Health and Safety Code.
1751.1. Sterile Injectable Recordkeeping Requirements.
(a) Pharmacies compounding sterile injectable products for future use pursuant to section 1735.2
shall, in addition to those records required by section 1735.3, make and keep records indicating
the name, lot number, amount, and date on which the products were provided to a prescriber.
(b) In addition to the records required by section 1735.3 and subdivision (a), for sterile products
compounded from one or more non-sterile ingredients, the following records must be made and
kept by the pharmacy:
(1) The training and competency evaluation of employees in sterile product procedures.
(2) Refrigerator and freezer temperatures.
(3) Certification of the sterile compounding environment.
(4) Other facility quality control logs specific to the pharmacy’s policies and procedures (e.g.,
cleaning logs for facilities and equipment).
(5) Inspection for expired or recalled pharmaceutical products or raw ingredients.
(6) Preparation records including the master work sheet, the preparation work sheet, and
records of end-product evaluation results.
(c) Pharmacies shall maintain and retain all records required by this article in the pharmacy in a
readily retrievable form for at least three years from the date the record was created.
Authority cited: Sections 4005 and 4127, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Sections
4005, 4036, 4037, 4051, 4052, and 4127, Business and Professions Code.
1751.2. Sterile Injectable Labeling Requirements.
In addition to the labeling information required under Business and Professions Code section
4076 and section 1735.4, a pharmacy which compounds sterile products shall include the
following information on the labels for those products:
(a) Telephone number of the pharmacy, except for sterile injectable products dispensed for
inpatients of a hospital pharmacy.
(b) Name and concentrations of ingredients contained in the sterile injectable product.
(c) Instructions for storage and handling.
(d) All cytotoxic agents shall bear a special label which states “Chemotherapy - Dispose of
Properly.”
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Authority cited: Sections 4005 and 4127, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Sections
4005, 4036, 4037, 4051, 4052, 4076 and 4127, Business and Professions Code.
1751.3. Sterile Injectable Policies and Procedures.
(a) Any pharmacy engaged in compounding sterile injectable drug products shall maintain a
written policy and procedure manual for compounding that includes, in addition to the elements
required by section 1735.5, written policies and procedures regarding the following:
(1) Compounding, filling, and labeling of sterile injectable compounds.
(2) Labeling of the sterile injectable product based on the intended route of administration and
recommended rate of administration.
(3) Equipment and supplies.
(4) Training of staff in the preparation of sterile injectable products.
(5) Procedures for handling cytotoxic agents.
(6) Quality assurance program.
(7) Record keeping requirements.
(b) The ingredients and the compounding process for each preparation must be determined in
writing before compounding begins and must be reviewed by a pharmacist.
(c) Pharmacies compounding sterile injectable products shall have written policies and
procedures for the disposal of infectious materials and/or materials containing cytotoxic residues.
The written policies and procedures shall describe the pharmacy protocols for cleanups and spills
in conformity with local health jurisdiction standards.
(d) Pharmacies compounding sterile injectable products from one or more non-sterile
ingredients must have written policies and procedures that comply with the following:
(1) All written policies and procedures shall be immediately available to all personnel involved
in these activities and board inspectors.
(2) All personnel involved must read the policies and procedures before compounding sterile
injectable products, and any additions, revisions, and deletions to the written policies and
procedures must be communicated to all personnel involved in sterile compounding.
(3) Policies and procedures must address at least the following:
(A) Competency evaluation.
(B) Storage and handling of products and supplies.
(C) Storage and delivery of final products.
(D) Process validation.
(E) Personnel access and movement of materials into and near the controlled area.
(F) Use and maintenance of environmental control devices used to create the critical area for
manipulation of sterile products (e.g., laminar-airflow workstations, biological safety cabinets,
class 100 cleanrooms, and barrier isolator workstations).
(G) Regular cleaning schedule for the controlled area and any equipment in the controlled
area and the alternation of disinfectants. Pharmacies subject to an institutional infection control
policy may follow that policy as it relates to cleaning schedules and the alternation of
disinfectants in lieu of complying with this subdivision.
(H) Disposal of packaging materials, used syringes, containers, and needles to enhance
sanitation and avoid accumulation in the controlled area..
(I) For sterile batch compounding, written policies and procedures must be established for
the use of master formulas and work sheets and for appropriate documentation.
(J) Sterilization.
(K) End-product evaluation and testing.
Authority cited: Sections 4005 and 4127, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Sections
4005, 4036, 4037, 4051, 4052, and 4127, Business and Professions Code.
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1751.4. Facility and Equipment Standards for Sterile Injectable Compounding
(a) No sterile injectable product shall be compounded if it is known, or reasonably should be
known, that the compounding environment fails to meet criteria specified in the pharmacy’s
written policies and procedures for the safe compounding of sterile injectable drug products.
(b) During the preparation of sterile injectable products, access to the designated area or
cleanroom must be limited to those individuals who are properly attired.
(c) All equipment used in the designated area or cleanroom must be made of a material that can
be easily cleaned and disinfected.
(d) Exterior workbench surfaces and other hard surfaces in the designated area, such as walls,
floors, ceilings, shelves, tables, and stools, must be disinfected weekly and after any unanticipated
event that could increase the risk of contamination.
(e) Pharmacies preparing parenteral cytotoxic agents shall do so in accordance with Section 4­
1106(b) of Title 24 of the California Administrative Code, requiring a laminar air flow hood. The
hood must be certified annually by a qualified technician who is familiar with the methods and
procedures for certifying laminar air flow hoods and cleanroom requirements, in accordance with
National Sanitation Foundation Standard 49 for Class II (Laminar Flow) Biohazard Cabinetry, as
revised May, 1983 (available from the National Sanitation Foundation, 3475 Plymouth Road,
P.O. Box 1468, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106, phone number (313) 769-8010) or manufacturer’s
specifications, Certification records must be retained for at least three years.
Authority cited: Sections 4005 and 4127, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Sections
4005, 4036, 4037, 4051, 4052, and 4127, Business and Professions Code; and Section 18944,
Health and Safety Code.
1751.5. Sterile Injectable Compounding Attire.
(a) When preparing cytotoxic agents, gowns and gloves shall be worn.
(b) When compounding sterile products from one or more non-sterile ingredients the following
standards must be met:
(1) Cleanroom garb consisting of a low-shedding coverall, head cover, face mask, and shoe
covers must be worn inside the designated area at all times.
(2) Cleanroom garb must be donned and removed outside the designated area.
(3) Hand, finger, and wrist jewelry must be eliminated. If jewelry cannot be removed then it
must be thoroughly cleaned and covered with a sterile glove.
(4) Head and facial hair must be kept out of the critical area or be covered.
(5) Gloves made of low-shedding materials are required.
(c) The requirements of subdivision (b) do not apply if a barrier isolator is used to compound
sterile injectable products from one or more non-sterile ingredients.
Authority cited: Sections 4005 and 4127, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Sections
4005, 4036, 4037, 4051, 4052, and 4127 Business and Professions Code.
1751.6 Training of Sterile Injectable Compounding Staff, Patient, and Caregiver
(a) Consultation shall be available to the patient and/or primary caregiver concerning proper use
of sterile injectable products and related supplies furnished by the pharmacy.
(b) The pharmacist-in-charge shall be responsible to ensure all pharmacy personnel engaging in
compounding sterile injectable drug products shall have training and demonstrated competence in
the safe handling and compounding of sterile injectable products, including cytotoxic agents if the
pharmacy compounds products with cytotoxic agents.
(c) Records of training and demonstrated competence shall be available for each individual and
shall be retained for three years beyond the period of employment.
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(d) The pharmacist-in-charge shall be responsible to ensure the continuing competence of
pharmacy personnel engaged in compounding sterile injectable products.
(e) Pharmacies that compound sterile products from one or more non-sterile ingredients must
comply with the following training requirements:
(1) The pharmacy must establish and follow a written program of training and performance
evaluation designed to ensure that each person working in the designated area has the knowledge
and skills necessary to perform their assigned tasks properly. This program of training and
performance evaluation must address at least the following:
(A) Aseptic technique.
(B) Pharmaceutical calculations and terminology.
(C) Sterile product compounding documentation.
(D) Quality assurance procedures.
(E) Aseptic preparation procedures.
(F) Proper gowning and gloving technique.
(G) General conduct in the controlled area.
(H) Cleaning, sanitizing, and maintaining equipment used in the controlled area.
(I) Sterilization techniques.
(J) Container, equipment, and closure system selection.
(2) Each person assigned to the controlled area must successfully complete practical skills
training in aseptic technique and aseptic area practices. Evaluation must include written testing
and a written protocol of periodic routine performance checks involving adherence to aseptic area
policies and procedures. Each person’s proficiency and continuing training needs must be
reassessed every 12 months. Results of these assessments must be documented and retained in the
pharmacy for three years.
Authority cited: Sections 4005 and 4127, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Sections
4005, 4036, 4037, 4051, 4052, and 4127, Business and Professions Code.
1751.7. Sterile Injectable Compounding Quality Assurance and Process Validation.
(a) Any pharmacy engaged in compounding sterile injectable drug products shall maintain, as
part of its written policies and procedures, a written quality assurance plan including, in addition
to the elements required by section 1735.8, a documented, ongoing quality assurance program
that monitors personnel performance, equipment, and facilities. The end product shall be
examined on a periodic sampling basis as determined by the pharmacist-in-charge to assure that it
meets required specifications. The Quality Assurance Program shall include at least the
following:
(1) Cleaning and sanitization of the parenteral medication preparation area.
(2) The storage of compounded sterile injectable products in the pharmacy and periodic
documentation of refrigerator temperature.
(3) Actions to be taken in the event of a drug recall.
(4) Written justification of the chosen expiration dates for compounded sterile injectable
products.
(b) Each individual involved in the preparation of sterile injectable products must first
successfully complete a validation process on technique before being allowed to prepare sterile
injectable products. The validation process shall be carried out in the same manner as normal
production, except that an appropriate microbiological growth medium is used in place of the
actual product used during sterile preparation. The validation process shall be representative of all
types of manipulations, products and batch sizes the individual is expected to prepare. The same
personnel, procedures, equipment, and materials must be involved. Completed medium samples
must be incubated. If microbial growth is detected, then the sterile preparation process must be
evaluated, corrective action taken, and the validation process repeated. Personnel competency
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must be revalidated at least every twelve months, whenever the quality assurance program yields
an unacceptable result, when the compounding process changes, equipment used in the
compounding of sterile injectable drug products is repaired or replaced, the facility is modified in
a manner that affects airflow or traffic patterns, or whenever improper aseptic techniques are
observed. Revalidation must be documented.
(c) Batch-produced sterile injectable drug products compounded from one or more non-sterile
ingredients shall be subject to documented end product testing for sterility and pyrogens and shall
be quarantined until the end product testing confirms sterility and acceptable levels of pyrogens.
(d) Batch-produced sterile to sterile transfers shall be subject to periodic testing through process
validation for sterility as determined by the pharmacist-in-charge and described in the written
policies and procedures.
Authority cited: Sections 4005 and 4127, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Sections
4005, 4036, 4037, 4051, 4052, and 4127, Business and Professions Code.
1751.8. Sterile Injectable Compounding Reference Materials.
In any pharmacy engaged in compounding sterile injectable drug products, there shall be current
and appropriate reference materials regarding the compounding of sterile injectable products
located in or immediately available to the pharmacy.
Authority cited: Sections 4005 and 4127, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Sections
4005, 4036, 4037, 4051, 4052, and 4127, Business and Professions Code.
REFERENCED TITLE 24, PART 2, CHAPTER 12, REGULATIONS
1250.4 Compounding Area for Parenteral Solutions. The pharmacy shall have a designated
area for the preparation of sterile products for dispensing which shall:
1. In accordance with Federal Standard 209(b), Clean Room and Work Station
Requirements, Controlled Environment, as approved by the Commission, Federal Supply
Service, General Services Administration meet standards for class 100 HEPA (high
efficiency particulate air) filtered air such as laminar air flow hood or clean room.
2. Have non-porous and cleanable surfaces, walls, floors and floor coverings.
3. The pharmacy shall be arranged in such a manner that the laminar-flow hood is located in
an area which is exposed to minimal traffic flow, and is separate from any area used for
bulk storage of items not related to the compounding of parenteral solution. There shall
be sufficient space, well separated from the laminar-flow hood area, for the storage of
bulk materials, equipment and waste materials.
4. A sink with hot and cold running water must be within the parenteral solution compounding area or adjacent to it.
5. Any pharmacy that compounds sterile injectable products from one or more nonsterile
ingredients must compound the medication in one of the following environments:
 5.1 An ISO class laminar airflow hood within an ISO class 7 cleanroom. The
cleanroom must have a positive air pressure differential relative to adjacent areas.
 5.2 An ISO class 5 cleanroom.
 5.3 A barrier isolator that provides an ISO class 5 environment for compounding.
Note: For additional pharmacy mechanical standard requirements, see Chapter 5,
California Mechanical Code.
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505.5 Pharmacies: Compounding Area for Parenteral Solutions. The pharmacy shall have a
designated area for the preparation of sterile products for dispensing which shall:
1. Be ventilated in a manner not interfering with laminar air flow.
505.5.1 Pharmacies: Laminar Flow Biological Safety Cabinet. In all pharmacies preparing
parenteral cytotoxic agents, all compounding shall be conducted within a certified Class II Type
A or Class II Type B vertical laminar air flow hood with bag in-bag out design. The pharmacy
must ensure that contaminated air plenums that are under positive air pressure are leak tight.
1751.10. Furnishing to Parenteral Patient at Home.
Subject to all provisions of this article, a pharmacist may carry and furnish to a patient at home
dangerous drugs, other than controlled substances, and devices for parenteral therapy when the
dangerous drug or device is one currently prescribed for the patient.
Authority cited: Section 4005, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Section 4005, Business
and Professions Code.
1751.11. Furnishing to Home Health Agencies and Licensed Hospices.
Subject to the following conditions, a licensed pharmacy may furnish to a home health agency
licensed under provisions of Chapter 8 (commencing with section 1725 of Division 2 of the
Health and Safety Code) or to a hospice licensed under provisions of Chapter 8.5 (commencing
with section 1745 of Division 2 of the Health and Safety Code) dangerous drugs for parenteral
therapy other than controlled substances, in a portable container for furnishing to patients at home
for emergency treatment or adjustment of parenteral drug therapy by the home health agency or
licensed hospice.
(a) The pharmacy, having ownership and responsibility for the portable containers, shall ensure
that each portable container is:
(1) furnished by a registered pharmacist;
(2) sealed in such a manner that a tamper-proof seal must be broken to gain access to the drugs;
(3) under the effective control of a registered nurse, pharmacist or delivery person at all times
when not in the pharmacy;
(4) labeled on the outside of the container with a list of the contents;
(5) maintained at an appropriate temperature according to United States Pharmacopeia
Standards (1995, 23rd Revision), and protected at all times from extreme temperatures that could
damage the contents.
(b) The portable container may contain up to:
(1) 1000mL of 0.9% sodium chloride intravenous infusion in containers of a size determined
by the pharmacy;
(2) 1000mL of 5% dextrose in water injection in containers of a size determined by the
pharmacy;
(3) two vials of urokinase 5000 units;
(4) Each of the following items shall be in sealed, unused containers; the furnishing pharmacy
may select any or all of these dangerous drugs in up to five dosage units for inclusion in the
sealed, portable container:
(A) heparin sodium lock flush 100 units/mL;
(B) heparin sodium lock flush 10 units/mL;
(C) epinephrine HCl solution 1:1000;
(D) epinephrine HCl solution 1:10,000;
(E) diphenhydramine HCl 50mg/mL;
(F) methylprednisolone 125mg/2mL;
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(G) normal saline, preserved, up to 30 mL vials;
(H) naloxone 1mg/mL 2 mL;
(I) droperidol 5mg/2mL;
(J) prochlorperazine 10mg/2mL;
(K) promethazine 25mg/mL;
(L) dextrose 25gms/50mL;
(M) glucagon 1mg/mL;
(N) insulin (human) 100 units/mL;
(O) bumetamide 0.5mg/2mL;
(P) furosemide 10mg/mL;
(Q) EMLA Cream 5 gm tube;
(R) Lidocaine 1 percent 30mL vials.
(5) The pharmacy shall ensure that the specific dangerous drugs and quantities to be included
in the portable container are listed in the home health agency's or licensed hospice's policy and
procedures.
(c) The pharmacy shall not supply a portable container to a home health agency or licensed
hospice which does not:
(1) implement and maintain policies and procedures for:
(A) the storage, temperature stability and transportation of the portable container;
(B) the furnishing of dangerous drugs from the portable container upon the written or oral
authorization of a prescriber; and
(C) a specific treatment protocol for the administration of each medication contained in the
portable container.
(2) have the policies, procedures and protocols reviewed and revised (as needed) annually by a
group of professional personnel including a physician and surgeon, a pharmacist and a registered
nurse.
(d) A copy of these policies, procedures and protocols shall be maintained by the furnishing
pharmacy from each home health agency or licensed hospice for which the pharmacy furnishes
portable containers.
(e) In cases where a drug has been administered to a patient pursuant to the oral order of a
licensed prescriber, the pharmacy shall ensure that the oral order is immediately written down by
the registered nurse or pharmacist and communicated by copy or fax within 24 hours to the
furnishing pharmacy, with a copy of the prescriber-signed document forwarded to the dispensing
pharmacy within 20 days.
(f) The pharmacy shall ensure that within seven days (168 hours) after the seal has been broken
on the portable container, the home health agency's director of nursing service or a registered
nurse employed by the home health agency or licensed hospice returns the container to the
furnishing pharmacy. The furnishing pharmacy shall then perform an inventory of the drugs used
from the container, and if the container will be reused, must restock and reseal the container
before it is again furnished to the home health agency or licensed hospice.
(g) The furnishing pharmacy shall have written policies and procedures for the contents,
packaging, inventory monitoring, labeling and storage instructions of the portable container.
(h) The furnishing pharmacy shall ensure that the home health agency or licensed hospice
returns the portable containers to the furnishing pharmacy at least every 60 days for verification
of product quality, quantity, integrity and expiration dates, or within seven days (168 hours) after
the seal has been broken.
(i) The furnishing pharmacy shall maintain a current inventory and record of all items placed
into and furnished from the portable container.
Authority cited: Sections 4005 and 4057, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Sections
4040, 4057, 4081 and 4332, Business and Professions Code.
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1751.12. Obligations of a Pharmacy Furnishing Portable Containers.
(a) A licensed pharmacy shall not issue portable containers to any home health agency or
licensed hospice unless the home health agency or licensed hospice complies with provisions of
section 1751.11.
(b) A licensed pharmacy shall cease to furnish portable containers to a home health agency or
licensed hospice if the home health agency or licensed hospice does not comply with provisions
of section 1751.11.
Authority cited: Sections 4005 and 4057, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Sections
4040, 4057, 4081 and 4332, Business and Professions Code.
Article 8. Prohibitions and Discipline
1760. Disciplinary Guidelines.
In reaching a decision on a disciplinary action under the Administrative Procedure Act
(Government Code section 11400 et seq.) the board shall consider the disciplinary guidelines
entitled “Disciplinary Guidelines” (Rev. 10/2007), which are hereby incorporated by reference.
Deviation from these guidelines and orders, including the standard terms of probation, is
appropriate where the board, in its sole discretion, determines that the facts of the particular case
warrant such a deviation--the presence of mitigating factors; the age of the case; evidentiary
problems.
Authority cited: Section 4005, Business and Professions Code; and Section 11400.20,
Government Code. Reference: Sections 4300 and 4301, Business and Professions Code; and
Sections 11400.20 and 11425.50(e), Government Code.
1761. Erroneous or Uncertain Prescriptions.
(a) No pharmacist shall compound or dispense any prescription which contains any significant
error, omission, irregularity, uncertainty, ambiguity or alteration. Upon receipt of any such
prescription, the pharmacist shall contact the prescriber to obtain the information needed to
validate the prescription.
(b) Even after conferring with the prescriber, a pharmacist shall not compound or dispense a
controlled substance prescription where the pharmacist knows or has objective reason to know
that said prescription was not issued for a legitimate medical purpose.
Authority cited: Section 4005, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Section 4005, Business
and Professions Code; and Section 11153, Health and Safety Code.
1764. Unauthorized Disclosure of Prescriptions.
No pharmacist shall exhibit, discuss, or reveal the contents of any prescription, the therapeutic
effect thereof, the nature, extent, or degree of illness suffered by any patient or any medical
information furnished by the prescriber with any person other than the patient or his or her
authorized representative, the prescriber or other licensed practitioner then caring for the patient,
another licensed pharmacist serving the patient, or a person duly authorized by law to receive
such information.
Authority cited: Section 4005, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Section 4040 and
4301, Business and Professions Code.
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1765. Commissions, Gratuities, and Rebates.
An unlawful commission, gratuity or rebate prescribed by this article and Business and
Professions Code Section 650 includes the rendering by a pharmacist or pharmacy of consultant
pharmaceutical services such as those required pursuant to Title 22, Division 5, Chapters 3 and 4
(skilled nursing facilities and intermediate care facilities) to a licensed health care facility for no
cost, nominal cost, or below reasonable cost, if that pharmacist or pharmacy obtains patients,
clients or customers and/or their prescription orders from that licensed facility or entity. The
determination of the value of consultant pharmaceutical services rendered shall include, but not
be limited to, the value of all goods and services furnished by the pharmacist or pharmacy to a
licensed health care facility.
Authority cited: Section 4005, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Sections 650 and 4301,
Business and Professions Code.
1766. False or Misleading Advertising.
No pharmacist or permit holder shall violate Section 17500 of the Business and Professions Code.
Authority cited: Section 4005, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Sections 651, 4301 and
17500, Business and Professions Code.
1768. Denial of Application--Reapplication.
(a) Where the board has denied an application for a license, the earliest date on which the
applicant may reapply for a license is one year after the effective date of the denial.
(b) All competent evidence of rehabilitation presented will be considered upon a reapplication.
The board shall use the criteria listed in section 1769 when considering evidence of rehabilitation.
Authority cited: Section 4005, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Sections 480, 486 and
489, Business and Professions Code.
1769. Criteria for Rehabilitation.
(a) When considering the denial of a facility or personal license under Section 480 of the
Business and Professions Code, the board, in evaluating the rehabilitation of the applicant and his
present eligibility for licensing or registration, will consider the following criteria:
(1) The nature and severity of the act(s) or offense(s) under consideration as grounds for denial.
(2) Evidence of any act(s) committed subsequent to the act(s) or crime(s) under consideration
as grounds for denial under Section 480 of the Business and Professions Code.
(3) The time that has elapsed since commission of the act(s) or crime(s) referred to in
subdivision (1) or (2).
(4) Whether the applicant has complied with any terms of parole, probation, restitution or any
other sanctions lawfully imposed against the applicant.
(5) Evidence, if any, of rehabilitation submitted by the applicant.
(b) When considering the suspension or revocation of a facility or a personal license on the
ground that the licensee or the registrant has been convicted of a crime, the board, in evaluating
the rehabilitation of such person and his present eligibility for a license will consider the
following criteria:
(1) Nature and severity of the act(s) or offense(s).
(2) Total criminal record.
(3) The time that has elapsed since commission of the act(s) or offense(s).
(4) Whether the licensee has complied with all terms of parole, probation, restitution or any
other sanctions lawfully imposed against the licensee.
(5) Evidence, if any, of rehabilitation submitted by the licensee.
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Authority cited: Section 4005, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Sections 4030, 4200
and 4400, Business and Professions Code.
1770. Substantial Relationship Criteria.
For the purpose of denial, suspension, or revocation of a personal or facility license pursuant to
Division 1.5 (commencing with Section 475) of the Business and Professions Code, a crime or
act shall be considered substantially related to the qualifications, functions or duties of a licensee
or registrant if to a substantial degree it evidences present or potential unfitness of a licensee or
registrant to perform the functions authorized by his license or registration in a manner consistent
with the public health, safety, or welfare.
Authority cited: Sections 481, 4005, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Sections 4300,
4309 and 4301, Business and Professions Code.
1771. Posting of Notice of Suspension.
Any holder of a pharmacy permit whose permit is suspended shall post a notice provided by the
Board of the Board's suspension order in a location conspicuous to the public. Such notice shall
remain posted during the entire period of actual suspension. Failure to post the notice of
suspension as required herein shall be a ground for further disciplinary action.
Authority cited: Section 4005, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Section 4005, Business
and Professions Code.
1772. Disciplinary Condition of Suspension.
Unless otherwise directed by the Board in its sole discretion, any pharmacist who is serving a
period of licensure suspension shall not enter any pharmacy prescription area or engage in any
pharmacy-related service.
Authority cited: Section 4005, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Section 4300, Business
and Professions Code.
1773. Disciplinary Conditions of Probation of Pharmacist.
(a) Unless otherwise directed by the Board in its sole discretion, any pharmacist who is serving a
period of probation shall comply with the following conditions:
(1) Obey all laws and regulations substantially related to the practice of Pharmacy;
(2) Report to the Board or its designee quarterly either in person or in writing as directed; the
report shall include the name and address of the probationer's employer. If the final probation
report is not made as directed, the period of probation shall be extended until such time as the
final report is made;
(3) Submit to peer review if deemed necessary by the Board;
(4) Provide evidence of efforts to maintain skill and knowledge as a pharmacist as directed by
the Board;
(5) Inform all present and prospective employers of license restrictions and terms of probation.
Probationers employed by placement agencies must inform all permittees in whose premises they
work of license restrictions and terms of probation.
(6) Not supervise any registered interns nor perform any of the duties of a preceptor;
(7) The period of probation shall not run during such time that the probationer is engaged in the
practice of pharmacy in a jurisdiction other than California.
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(b) If ordered by the Board in an administrative action or agreed upon in the stipulated
settlement of an administrative action, any registered pharmacist who is serving a period of
probation shall comply with any or all of the following conditions;
(1) Take and pass all or any sections of the pharmacist licensure examination and/or attend
continuing education courses in excess of the required number in specific areas of practice if
directed by the Board;
(2) Provide evidence of medical or psychiatric care if the need for such care is indicated by the
circumstances leading to the violation and is directed by the Board;
(3) Allow the Board to obtain samples of blood or urine (at the pharmacist's option) for
analysis at the pharmacist's expense, if the need for such a procedure is indicated by the
circumstances leading to the violation and is directed by the Board;
(4) If and as directed by the Board, practice only under the supervision of a pharmacist not on
probation to the Board. The supervision directed may be continuous supervision, substantial
supervision, partial supervision, or supervision by daily review as deemed necessary by the Board
for supervision, partial supervision, or supervision by daily review as deemed necessary by the
Board for the protection of the public health and safety.
(5) Complete an ethics course that meets the requirements of section 1773.5
(c) When the circumstances of the case so require, the Board may impose conditions of
probation in addition to those enumerated herein by the terms of its decision in an administrative
case or by stipulation of the parties.
Authority cited: Section 4005, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Section 4300, Business
and Professions Code.
1773.5 Ethics Course Required as Condition of Probation.
When directed by the board, a pharmacist or intern pharmacist may be required to complete an
ethics course that meets the requirements of this section as a condition of probation, license
reinstatement or as abatement for a citation and fine. Board approval must be obtained prior to the
commencement of an ethics course.
a. The board will consider for approval an ethics course that at minimum satisfies the following
requirements:
(1) Duration. The course shall consist of a minimum of 22 hours, of which at least 14 are contact
hours and at least 8 additional hours are credited for preparation, evaluation and assessment.
(2) Faculty. Every instructor shall either possess a valid unrestricted California professional
license or otherwise be qualified, by virtue of prior training, education and experience, to teach an
ethics or professionalism course at a university or teaching institution.
(3) Educational Objectives. There are clearly stated educational objectives that can be
realistically accomplished within the framework of the course.
(4) Methods of Instruction. The course shall describe the teaching methods for each component
of the program, e.g., lecture, seminar, role-playing, group discussion, video, etc.
(5) Content. The course shall contain all of the following components:
(A) A background assessment to familiarize the provider and instructors with the factors that
led to the prospective candidate's referral to the class.
(B) A baseline assessment of knowledge to determine the participant's knowledge/awareness
of ethical and legal issues related to the practice of pharmacy in California, including but not
limited to those legal and ethical issues related to the specific case(s) for which the participant has
been referred to the program.
(C) An assessment of the participant's expectations of the program, recognition of need for
change, and commitment to change.
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(D) Didactic presentation of material related to those areas that were problems for the
participants based upon the results of the background assessments and baseline assessments of
knowledge.
(E) Experiential exercises that allow the participants to practice concepts and newly
developed skills they have learned during the didactic section of the class.
(F) A longitudinal follow-up component that includes (1) a minimum of two contacts at
spaced intervals (e.g., 6 months and 12 months) within one year after course completion or prior
to completion of the participant's probationary period if probation is less than one year, to assess
the participant's status; and (2) a status report submitted to the division within 10 calendar days
after the last contact.
(6) Class Size. A class shall not exceed a maximum of 12 participants.
(7) Evaluation. The course shall include an evaluation method that documents that educational
objectives have been met - e.g. written examination or written evaluation - and that provides for
written follow-up evaluation at the conclusion of the longitudinal assessment.
(8) Records. The course provider shall maintain all records pertaining to the program, including
a record of the attendance for each participant, for a minimum of 3 years and shall make those
records available for inspection and copying by the board or its designee.
(9) Course Completion. The provider shall issue a certificate of completion to a participant who
has successfully completed the program. The provider shall also notify the board or its designee
in writing of its determination that a participant did not successfully complete the program. The
provider shall fail a participant who either was not actively involved in the class or demonstrated
behavior indicating a lack of insight (e.g., inappropriate comments, projection of blame). This
notification shall be made within 10 calendar days of that determination and shall be
accompanied by all documents supporting the determination.
Authority cited: Section 4005, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Section 4300, Business
and Professions Code.
1774. Disciplinary Conditions of Probation of Permit.
(a) Unless otherwise directed by the Board, any pharmacy permit which is on probation to the
Board shall be subject to the following conditions:
(1) Obey all laws and regulations substantially related to the practice of pharmacy;
(2) The permit, through its officer, partners or owners, shall report to the Board or its designees
quarterly, either in person or in writing as directed; if the final probation report is not made as
directed, the period of probation shall be extended until such time as the final report is made;
(3) Cooperate with the Board in its inspectional program;
(4) Post or circulate notice of conditions of probation so that they are available to all employees
involved in pharmacy operations;
(5) Submit the operation of the pharmacy to peer review if deemed necessary by the Board;
(6) Provide evidence that owners or officers are knowledgeable in the laws pertaining to
pharmacy if deemed necessary by the Board.
(b) When the circumstances of the case so require, the Board may impose conditions of
probation in addition to those enumerated herein by the terms of its decision in an administrative
case or by stipulation of the parties.
Authority cited: Section 4005, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Section 4300, Business
and Professions Code.
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Article 9. Citations and Fines
1775. Issuing Citations.
(a) The executive officer or his/her designee may issue a citation which may contain either or
both an administrative fine and an order of abatement for:
(1) A violation of the Pharmacy Law (Business and Professions Code 4000 et seq.).
(2) A violation of a regulation adopted by the board.
(3) A violation of the Confidentiality of Medical Information Act (Civil Code 56 et seq.).
(4) Defaulting on a United States Department of Health and Human Services education loan.
(5) A violation of other statutes or regulations for which the board may issue a citation.
(b) Each citation shall be in writing and shall describe with particularity the nature and facts of
the violation, including a reference to the statute or regulations alleged to have been violated. The
citation shall be served upon the individual personally or by certified mail.
(c) A citation must inform the cited person or entity that if he/she or it desires a hearing to
contest the finding of a violation, that hearing shall be requested by written notice to the board
within 30 days of the issuance of the citation. If a hearing is not requested pursuant to this article,
payment of any fine shall not constitute an admission of the violation charged.
Authority cited: Sections 125.9, 148, 685 and 4005, Business and Professions Code; and Section
56.36, Civil Code. Reference: Sections 125.9, 148 and 685, Business and Professions Code; and
Section 56.36, Civil Code.
1775.1. Amount of Fines.
(a) The fine for violating the Pharmacy Law or regulations adopted pursuant thereto shall not
exceed the amount specified in Section 125.9 of the Business and Professions Code, except for a
fine issued pursuant to Section 4067 or Section 4127.4 of the Business and Professions Code.
(b) The fine for violating the Confidentiality of Medical Information Act shall not exceed the
amount specified in Section 56.36 of the Civil Code.
(c) The fine for defaulting on a United States Department of Health and Human Services
education loan shall not exceed $2,500.
(d) Failure of a person or entity cited to pay a fine within 30 days of the date of assessment,
unless the citation is being appealed, may result in disciplinary action by the board. When a
citation is not contested and a fine is not paid, the full amount of the fine shall be added to the fee
for renewal of the license and the license shall not be renewed without payment of the renewal
fee and fine.
Authority cited: Sections 125.9, 148, 685 and 4005, Business and Professions Code; and Section
56.36, Civil Code. Reference: Sections 125.9, 148, 685, 4067 and 4127.4, Business and
Professions Code; and Section 56.36, Civil Code.
1775.2. Factors Considered.
In assessing the amount of an administrative fine, except violations of the Confidentiality of
Medical Information Act and when assessing a fine pursuant to Business and Professions Code
section 685, the following factors shall be considered:
(a) The gravity of the violation.
(b) The good or bad faith of the cited person or entity.
(c) The history of previous violations.
(d) Evidence that the violation was or was not willful.
(e) The extent to which the cited person or entity has cooperated with the board's investigation.
(f) The extent to which the cited person or entity has mitigated or attempted to mitigate any
damage or injury caused by the violation.
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(g) Other matters as may be appropriate.
(h) The number of violations found in the investigation.
Authority cited: Sections 125.9, 148, 685 and 4005, Business and Professions Code; and Section
56.36, Civil Code. Reference: Sections 125.9, 148 and 685, Business and Professions Code; and
Section 56.36, Civil Code.
1775.3. Compliance with Orders of Abatement.
(a) If a cited person or entity who has been issued an order of abatement is unable to complete
the correction within the time set forth in the citation because of conditions beyond his/her or its
control after the exercise of reasonable diligence, the person or entity cited may request, from the
board, an extension of time in which to complete the correction. Such a request shall be in writing
and shall be made within the time set forth for abatement.
(b) When an order of abatement is not contested or if the order is appealed and the person or
entity cited does not prevail, failure to abate the violation charged within the time specified in the
citation shall constitute a violation and failure to comply with the order of abatement. An order of
abatement shall either be personally served or mailed by certified mail. Failure to comply with an
order of abatement shall constitute a ground for revocation or suspension of the license, permit, or
registration.
Authority cited: Sections 125.9, 148 and 4005, Business and Professions Code. Reference:
Sections 125.9 and 148, Business and Professions Code.
1775.4. Contested Citations.
(a) Any person or entity served with a citation may contest the citation by appealing to the board
in writing within 30 days of the issuance of the citation. Appeals shall be conducted pursuant to
the adjudication provisions of the Administrative Procedure Act. (Government Code Section
11500 et seq.)
(b) In addition to requesting a hearing, as provided for in subdivision (a), the person or entity
cited may, within 14 calendar days after service of a citation, submit a written request for an
informal office conference. The person or entity cited may contest any or all aspects of the
citation. The informal office conference will be conducted by the executive officer or his/her
designee within 30 calendars days of receiving the request.
(c) The executive officer or his/her designee shall hold an informal office conference upon
request as provided for in subdivision (b) with the person or entity cited and their legal counsel or
authorized representative if they desire representation at the informal office conference. At the
conclusion of the informal office conference, the executive officer or his/her designee may
affirm, modify or dismiss the citation, including any administrative fine levied or order of
abatement issued. The executive officer or his/her designee shall state in writing the reasons for
their action and serve or send by certified mail, a copy of their findings and decision to the person
or entity cited within 14 calendar days from the date of the informal office conference. This
decision shall be deemed to be a final order with regard to the citation issued, including the
administrative fine levied and/or an order of abatement.
(d) The person or entity cited does not waive their request for a hearing to contest a citation by
requesting an informal office conference after which the citation is affirmed by the executive
officer or his/her designee. If the citation is dismissed after the informal office conference, the
request for a hearing on the matter of the citation shall be deemed to be withdrawn. If the citation,
including any administrative fine levied or order of abatement, is modified, the citation originally
issued shall be considered withdrawn and a new citation issued. If a hearing is requested for the
subsequent citation, it shall be requested within 30 days of the issuance of the subsequent citation.
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Authority cited: Sections 125.9, 148 and 4005, Business and Professions Code. Reference:
Sections 125.9 and 148, Business and Professions Code.
Article 10. Wholesalers
1780. Minimum Standards for Wholesalers.
The following minimum standards shall apply to all wholesale establishments for which permits
have been issued by the Board:
(a) A wholesaler shall store dangerous drugs in a secured and lockable area.
(b) All wholesaler premises, fixtures and equipment therein shall be maintained in a clean and
orderly condition. Wholesale premises shall be well ventilated, free from rodents and insects, and
adequately lighted. Plumbing shall be in good repair. Temperature and humidity monitoring shall
be conducted to assure compliance with the United States Pharmacopeia Standards (1990, 22nd
Revision).
(c) Entry into areas where prescription drugs are held shall be limited to authorized personnel.
(1) All facilities shall be equipped with an alarm system to detect entry after hours.
(2) All facilities shall be equipped with a security system that will provide suitable protection
against theft and diversion. When appropriate, the security system shall provide protection against
theft or diversion that is facilitated or hidden by tampering with computers or electronic records.
(3) The outside perimeter of the wholesaler premises shall be well-lighted.
(d) All materials must be examined upon receipt or before shipment.
(1) Upon receipt, each outside shipping container shall be visually examined for identity and to
prevent the acceptance of contaminated prescription drugs or prescription drugs that are otherwise
unfit for distribution. This examination shall be adequate to reveal container damage that would
suggest possible contamination or other damage to the contents.
(2) Each outgoing shipment shall be carefully inspected for identity of the prescription drug
products and to ensure that there is no delivery of prescription drugs that have been damaged in
storage or held under improper conditions.
(e) The following procedures must be followed for handling returned, damaged and outdated
prescription drugs.
(1) Prescription drugs that are outdated, damaged, deteriorated, misbranded or adulterated shall
be placed in a quarantine area and physically separated from other drugs until they are destroyed
or returned to their supplier.
(2) Any prescription drugs whose immediate or sealed outer or sealed secondary containers
have been opened or used shall be identified as such, and shall be placed in a quarantine area and
physically separated from other prescription drugs until they are either destroyed or returned to
the supplier.
(3) If the conditions under which a prescription drug has been returned cast doubt on the drug's
safety, identity, strength, quality or purity, the drug shall be destroyed or returned to the supplier
unless testing or other investigation proves that the drug meets appropriate United States
Pharmacopeia Standards (1990, 22nd Revision).
(f) Policies and procedures must be written and made available upon request by the board.
(1) Wholesale drug distributors shall establish, maintain, and adhere to written policies and
procedures, which shall be followed for the receipt, security, storage, inventory and distribution
of prescription drugs, including policies and procedures for identifying, recording, and reporting
losses or thefts, for correcting all errors and inaccuracies in inventories, and for maintaining
records to document proper storage.
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(2) The records required by paragraph (1) shall be in accordance with Title 21, Code of Federal
Regulations, Section 205.50(g). These records shall be maintained for three years after
disposition of the drugs.
(3) Wholesale drug distributors shall establish and maintain lists of officers, directors,
managers and other persons in charge of wholesale drug distribution, storage and handling,
including a description of their duties and a summary of their qualifications.
(4) Each wholesaler shall provide adequate training and experience to assure compliance with
licensing requirements by all personnel.
(g) The board shall require an applicant for a licensed premise or for renewal of that license to
certify that it meets the requirements of this section at the time of licensure or renewal.
Authority cited: Section 4005, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Sections 4043, 4051,
4053, 4054, 4059, 4120, 4160, 4161 and 4304, Business and Professions Code.
1780.1. Minimum Standards for Veterinary Food-Animal Drug Retailers.
In addition to the minimum standards required of wholesalers by section 1780, the
following standards shall apply to veterinary food-animal drug retailers.
(a) Drugs dispensed by a veterinary food-animal drug retailer pursuant to a veterinarian's
prescription to a veterinarian's client are for use on food-producing animals.
(b) Repackaged within the meaning of Business and Professions Code section 4041 means that a
veterinary food-animal drug retailer may break down case lots of dangerous drugs as described in
4022(a), legend drugs or extra label use drugs, so long as the seals on the individual containers
are not broken. Veterinary food-animal drug retailers shall not open a container and count out or
measure out any quantity of a dangerous, legend or extra label use drug.
(c) Dangerous drugs, legend drugs or extra label use drugs returned to a veterinary food-animal
drug retailer from a client shall be treated as damaged or outdated prescription drugs and stored in
the quarantine area specified in section 1780(e)(1). Returned drugs may not be returned to stock,
or dispensed, distributed or resold.
(d) A pharmacist or person issued a permit under Business and Professions Code section 4053
(hereafter called a vet retailer designated representative) may dispense drugs for use on foodproducing animals on the basis of a written, electronically transmitted or oral order received from
a licensed veterinarian. Only a pharmacist or the vet retailer designated representative may
receive an oral order for a veterinary food-animal drug from the veterinarian. A written copy of
the oral prescription shall be sent or electronically transmitted to the prescribing veterinarian
within 72 hours.
(e) When a vet retailer designated representative dispenses a prescription for controlled
substances, the labels of the containers shall be countersigned by the prescribing veterinarian
before being provided to the client.
(f) Whenever a vet retailer designated representative dispenses to the same client for use on the
same production class of food-animals, dangerous drugs, legend drugs or extra label use drugs
prescribed by multiple veterinarians, the vet retailer designated representative shall contact the
prescribing veterinarians for authorization before dispensing any drugs.
(g) Refilling a veterinarian's prescription
(1) A veterinary food-animal drug retailer may refill a prescription only if the initial
prescription is issued indicating that a specific number of refills are authorized. If no refills are
indicated on the initial prescription, no refills may be dispensed. Instead, a new prescription is
needed from the veterinarian.
(2) A veterinary food-animal drug retailer may not refill a veterinarian's prescription order six
months after the issuance date of the initial order. Records of any refills shall be retained by the
veterinary food-animal drug retailer for three years.
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(h) Labels affixed to a veterinary food-animal drug dispensed pursuant to Business and
Professions Code section 4041 shall contain the:
(1) Active ingredients or the generic names(s) of the drug
(2) Manufacturer of the drug
(3) Strength of the drug dispensed
(4) Quantity of the drug dispensed
(5) Name of the client
(6) Species of food-producing animals for which the drug is prescribed
(7) Condition for which the drug is prescribed
(8) Directions for use
(9) Withdrawal time
(10) Cautionary statements, if any
(11) Name of the veterinarian prescriber
(12) Date dispensed
(13) Name and address of the veterinary food-animal drug retailer
(14) Prescription number or another means of identifying the prescription, and if an order is
filled in multiple containers, a sequential numbering system to provide a means to identify
multiple units if shipped to the same client from the same prescription (container 1 of 6, container
2 of 6, etc.)
(15) Manufacturer's expiration date
(i) A record of shipment or an expanded invoice shall be included in the client's shipment, and
shall include the names of the drugs, quantity shipped, manufacturer's name and lot number, date
of shipment and the name of the pharmacist or vet retailer designated representative who is
responsible for the distribution. Copies of the records shall be distributed to the prescribing
veterinarian and retained by the veterinary food-animal drug retailer for three years.
(j) If a retailer is unable at any one time to fill the full quantity of drugs prescribed, the retailer
may partially ship a portion so long as the full quantity is shipped within 30 days. When partially
filling a veterinarian's prescription, a pharmacist or vet retailer designated representative must
note on the written prescription for each date the drugs are shipped: the quantity shipped, the date
shipped, and number of containers shipped, and if multiple containers are dispensed at one time,
each container must be sequentially numbered (e.g., 1 of 6 containers),. If a retailer is unable to
dispense the full quantity prescribed within 30 days, a new veterinarian's prescription is required
to dispense the remainder of the drugs originally prescribed.
(k) Upon delivery of the drugs, the supplier or his or her agent shall obtain the signature of the
client or the client's agent on the invoice with notations of any discrepancies, corrections or
damage.
(l) If a person, on the basis of whose qualifications a certificate of exemption has been granted
under Business and Professions Code Section 4053 (the vet retailer designated representative),
leaves the employ of a veterinary food-animal drug retailer, the retailer shall immediately return
the certificate of exemption to the board.
(m) Training of Vet Retailer Designated representative:
(1) A course of training that meets the requirements of section 4053(b)(4) shall include at least
240 hours of theoretical and practical instruction, provided that at least 40 hours are theoretical
instruction stressing:
(A) Knowledge and understanding of the importance and obligations relative to drug use on
food-animals and residue hazards to consumers.
(B) Knowledge and understanding of state and federal law regarding dispensing of drugs,
including those prescribed by a veterinarian.
(C) Knowledge and understanding of prescription terminology, abbreviations, dosages and
format, particularly for drugs prescribed by a veterinarian.
(D) Understanding of cautionary statements and withdrawal times.
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(E) Knowledge and understanding of information contained in package inserts.
(2) As an alternative to the training program specified in paragraph (1), other training programs
that satisfy the training requirements of 4053 include fulfillment of one of the following:
(A) Possessing a registration as a registered veterinary technician with the California
Veterinary Medical Board.
(B) Being eligible to take the State Board of Pharmacy's pharmacist licensure exam or the
Veterinary Medical Board's veterinarian licensure examination.
(C) Having worked at least 1,500 hours within the last three years at a veterinary foodanimal drug retailer's premises working under the direct supervision of a vet retailer designated
representative. The specific knowledge, skills and abilities listed in sections 1780.1(m)(1)(A-E)
shall be learned as part of the 1500 hours of work experience. A vet retailer designated
representative who vouches for the qualifying experience earned by an applicant for registration
must do so under penalty of perjury.
Authority cited: Sections 4005 and 4197, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Sections
4040, 4041, 4053, 4059, 4063, 4070, 4081, 4196, 4197, 4198 and 4199, Business and Professions
Code.
1781. Exemption Certificate.
A registered pharmacist, or an designated representative certified in accordance with Section
4053 or 4054 of the Business and Professions Code shall be present and in control of a
manufacturer's or wholesaler's licensed premises during the conduct of business.
Authority cited: Section 4005, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Sections 4053 or 4054,
Business and Professions Code.
1782. Reporting Sales of Drugs Subject to Abuse.
All manufacturers and wholesalers shall report to the Board or its designee, up to twelve (12)
times a year, all sales of dangerous drugs subject to abuse as designated by the Board for
reporting, in excess of amounts to be determined by the Board from time to time. Reports shall be
made within thirty (30) days of the request in the form specified by the Board.
Authority cited: Section 4005, Business and Professions Code; and Section 26692, Health and
Safety Code. Reference: Sections 4081 and 4332, Business and Professions Code; and Section
26692, Health and Safety Code.
1783. Manufacturer or Wholesaler Furnishing Drugs and Devices.
(a) A manufacturer or wholesaler shall furnish dangerous drugs or devices only to an authorized
person; prior to furnishing dangerous drugs and devices to a person not known to the furnisher,
the manufacturer or wholesaler shall contact the board or, if the person is licensed or registered
by another government entity, that entity, to confirm the recipient is an authorized person.
(b) “Authorized person” means a person to whom the board has issued a permit which enables
the permit holder to purchase dangerous drugs or devices for use within the scope of its permit.
“Authorized person” also means any person in this state or in another jurisdiction within the
United States to the extent such furnishing is authorized by the law of this state, any applicable
federal law, and the law of the jurisdiction in which that person is located. The manufacturer or
wholesaler furnishing to such person shall, prior to furnishing the dangerous drugs and devices,
establish the intended recipient is legally authorized to receive the dangerous drugs or devices.
(c) Dangerous drugs or devices furnished by a manufacturer or wholesaler shall be delivered
only to the premises listed on the permit; provided that a manufacturer or wholesaler may furnish
drugs to an authorized person or an agent of that person at the premises of the manufacturer or
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wholesaler if (1) the identity and authorization of the recipient is properly established and (2) this
method of receipt is employed only to meet the immediate needs of a particular patient of the
authorized person. Dangerous drugs or devices may be furnished to a hospital pharmacy receiving
area provided that a pharmacist or authorized receiving personnel signs, at the time of delivery, a
receipt showing the type and quantity of the dangerous drugs or devices so received. Any
discrepancy between the receipt and the type and quantity of dangerous drugs and devices
actually received shall be reported to the delivering manufacturer or wholesaler by the next
business day after the delivery to the pharmacy receiving area.
(d) A manufacturer or wholesaler shall not accept payment for or allow the use of an entity's
credit to establish an account for the purchase of dangerous drugs or devices from any person
other than: (1) the owner(s) of record, chief executive officer, or chief financial officer listed on
the permit for the authorized person; and (2) on an account bearing the name of the permittee.
(e) All records of dangerous drugs or devices furnished by a manufacturer or wholesaler to an
authorized person shall be preserved by the authorized person for at least three years from the
date of making and shall, at all times during business hours, be open to inspection by authorized
officers of the law at the licensed premises. The manufacturer or wholesaler shall also maintain
all records of dangerous drugs or devices furnished pursuant to this section for at least three years
from the date of making and shall, at all times during business hours, keep them open to
inspection by authorized officers of the law at the premises from which the dangerous drugs or
devices were furnished.
Authority cited: Section 4005, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Sections 4043, 4059,
4059.5, 4080, 4081, 4120, 4160, 4161, 4163 and 4304, Business and Professions Code; and
Section 11209, Health and Safety Code.
1784. Self-Assessment of a Wholesaler by the Designated Representative-in-Charge.
(a) The designated representative-in-charge of each wholesaler as defined under section 4160 of
the Business and Professions Code shall complete a self-assessment of the wholesaler’s
compliance with federal and state pharmacy law. The assessment shall be performed before July
1 of every odd-numbered year. The primary purpose of the self-assessment is to promote
compliance through self-examination and education.
(b) In addition to the self-assessment required in subdivision (a) of this section, the designated
representative-in-charge shall complete a self-assessment within 30 days whenever:
(1) A new wholesaler permit is issued, or
(2) There is a change in the designated representative-in-charge. The new designated
representative-in-charge of a wholesaler is responsible for compliance with this subdivision.
(3) There is a change in the licensed location of a wholesaler to a new address.
(c) The components of this assessment shall be on Form 17M-26 (Rev. 01/11) entitled
“Wholesaler Dangerous Drugs & Dangerous Devices Self-Assessment” which is hereby
incorporated by reference to evaluate compliance with federal and state laws and regulations.
(d) Each self-assessment shall be kept on file in the licensed wholesale premises for three years
after it is completed.
(e) The wholesaler is jointly responsible with the designated representative-in-charge for
compliance with this section.
Authority cited: Section 4005, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Sections 4022.5,4043,
4053, 4059, 4120, 4160, 4161, 4201, 4301 and 4305.5, Business and Professions Code.
198
Article 10.1 Home Dialysis Drugs and Devices
1787. Authorization to Distribute Dialysis Drugs and Devices.
(a) Only the following dangerous drugs and devices may be distributed directly to home dialysis
patients in case or full shelf package lots:
(1) Dialysate
(2) Heparin 1000u/cc
(3) Sterile Sodium Chloride 0.9% for injection
(4) Needles
(5) Syringes
(6) Dialyzers, delivery systems and their accessory equipment necessary for chronic
hemodialysis.
(b) The drugs and devices specified in 1787(a) may be distributed on the basis of a written or
oral order received from a licensed prescriber. The prescriber or his or her authorized employee
may transmit oral orders directly to a pharmacist or designated representative.
(c) Orders are refillable during a six-month interval as ordered by the prescriber. Records of
such refills shall be retained by the supplier for three years.
Authority cited: Sections 4005 and 4059, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Sections
4059, 4081 and 4332, Business and Profession Code.
1790. Assembling and Packaging.
A record of shipment or expanded invoice shall be included in the patient's shipment, and shall
include the name(s) of the drugs or devices, quantities, manufacturer's name and lot number, date
of shipment, and the name of the pharmacist or designated representative who supervised and was
responsible for the distribution. Copies of the record shall also be distributed to the prescribing
physician and retained by the supplier for three years.
Authority cited: Sections 4005 and 4059, Business and Profession Code. Reference: Sections
4059, 4081 and 4332, Business and Professions Code.
1791. Labeling.
In addition to the manufacturer's label, each case or full shelf package furnished to a home
hemodialysis patient shall have affixed in a conspicuous place the name of that patient. In
addition the shipment must include the following information: the patient's name and address, the
name, strength, dosage size and quantity of the dangerous drugs or devices contained therein, the
name of the prescriber, the name and address of the supplier, the date of assembly, and
appropriate directions for use.
Authority cited: Sections 4005 and 4059, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Sections
4059, 4081 and 4332, Business and Professions Code.
1792. Receipt for Shipment.
Upon delivery of such drugs and devices, the supplier or his or her agent shall obtain the
signature of the patient or his or her agent on the invoice with notations of any discrepancies,
corrections or damage.
Authority cited: Sections 4005 and 4059, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Sections
4059, 4081 and 4332, Business and Professions Code.
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Article 11. Ancillary Personnel
1793. Definitions.
“Pharmacy technician” means an individual who, under the direct supervision and control of a
pharmacist, performs packaging, manipulative, repetitive, or other nondiscretionary tasks related
to the processing of a prescription in a pharmacy, but who does not perform duties restricted to a
pharmacist under section 1793.1.
Authority cited: Sections 4005, 4007, 4038, 4115 and 4202, Business and Professions Code.
Reference: Sections 4005, 4007, 4038, 4115 and 4202, Business and Professions Code.
1793.1. Duties of a Pharmacist.
Only a pharmacist, or an intern pharmacist acting under the supervision of a pharmacist, may:
(a) Receive a new prescription order orally from a prescriber or other person authorized by law.
(b) Consult with a patient or his or her agent regarding a prescription, either prior to or after
dispensing, or regarding any medical information contained in a patient medication record system
or patient chart.
(c) Identify, evaluate and interpret a prescription.
(d) Interpret the clinical data in a patient medication record system or patient chart.
(e) Consult with any prescriber, nurse or other health care professional or authorized agent
thereof.
(f) Supervise the packaging of drugs and check the packaging procedure and product upon
completion.
(g) Perform all functions which require professional judgment.
Authority cited: Sections 4005, 4007, 4038, 4115 and 4202, Business and Professions Code.
Reference: Sections 4005, 4007, 4038, 4115 and 4202, Business and Professions Code.
1793.2. Duties of a Pharmacy Technician.
“Nondiscretionary tasks” as used in Business and Professions Code section 4115, include:
(a) removing the drug or drugs from stock;
(b) counting, pouring, or mixing pharmaceuticals;
(c) placing the product into a container;
(d) affixing the label or labels to the container;
(e) packaging and repackaging.
Authority cited: Sections 4005, 4007, 4038, 4115 and 4202, Business and Professions Code.
Reference: Sections 4005, 4007, 4038, 4115 and 4202, Business and Professions Code.
1793.3. Other Non-Licensed Pharmacy Personnel.
(a) In addition to employing a pharmacy technician to perform the tasks specified in section
1793.2, a pharmacy may employ a non-licensed person to type a prescription label or otherwise
enter prescription information into a computer record system, but the responsibility for the
accuracy of the prescription information and the prescription as dispensed lies with the registered
pharmacist who initials the prescription or prescription record. At the direction of the registered
pharmacist, a non-licensed person may also request and receive refill authorization.
(b) A pharmacist may supervise the number of non-licensed personnel performing the duties
specified in subdivision (a) that the pharmacist determines, in the exercise of his or her
professional judgment, does not interfere with the effective performance of the pharmacist's
responsibilities under the Pharmacy Law.
200
(c) A pharmacist who, exercising his or her professional judgment pursuant to subdivision (b),
refuses to supervise the number of non-licensed personnel scheduled by the pharmacy, shall
notify the pharmacist-in-charge in writing of his or her determination, specifying the
circumstances of concern with respect to the pharmacy or the non-licensed personnel that have
led to the determination, within a reasonable period, but not to exceed 24 hours, after the posting
of the relevant schedule.
(d) No entity employing a pharmacist may discharge, discipline, or otherwise discriminate
against any pharmacist in the terms and conditions of employment for exercising or attempting to
exercise in good faith the right established pursuant to this section.
Authority cited: Sections 4005 and 4007, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Sections
4005 and 4007, Business and Professions Code.
1793.5. Pharmacy Technician Application.
The “Pharmacy Technician Application (Form 17A-5(Rev. 01/11)), incorporated by reference
herein, required by this section is available from the Board of Pharmacy upon request.
(a) Each application for a pharmacy technician license shall include:
(1) Information sufficient to identify the applicant.
(2) A description of the applicant's qualifications, and supporting documentation for those
qualifications.
(3) A criminal background check that will require submission of fingerprints in a manner
specified by the board and the fee authorized in Penal Code section 11105(e).
(4) A sealed, original Self-Query from the National Practitioner Data Bank – Healthcare
Integrity and Protection Data Bank (NPDB-HIPDB) dated no earlier than 60 days of the date an
application is submitted to the board.
(b) The applicant shall sign the application under penalty of perjury and shall submit it to the
Board of Pharmacy.
(c) The board shall notify the applicant within 30 days if an application is deficient; and what is
needed to correct the deficiency. Once the application is complete, and upon completion of any
investigation conducted pursuant to section 4207 of the Business and Professions Code, the board
will notify the applicant within 60 days of a license decision.
(d) Before expiration of a pharmacy technician license, a pharmacy technician must renew that
license by payment of the fee specified in subdivision (r) of section 4400 of the Business and
Professions Code.
Authority cited: Sections 163.5, 4005, 4007, 4038, 4115, 4202, 4207, and 4400, Business and
Professions Code. Reference: Sections 163.5, 4005, 4007, 4038, 4115, 4202, 4207, 4402, and
4400, Business and Professions Code; Section 11105, Penal Code.
1793.6. Training Courses Specified by the Board.
A course of training that meets the requirements of Business and Professions Code section 4202
(a)(2) is:
(a) Any pharmacy technician training program accredited by the American Society of Health-­
System Pharmacists,
(b) Any pharmacy technician training program provided by a branch of the federal armed
services for which the applicant possesses a certificate of completion, or
(c) Any other course that provides a training period of at least 240 hours of instruction covering
at least the following:
(1) Knowledge and understanding of different pharmacy practice settings.
201
(2) Knowledge and understanding of the duties and responsibilities of a pharmacy technician in
relationship to other pharmacy personnel and knowledge of standards and ethics, laws and
regulations governing the practice of pharmacy.
(3) Knowledge and ability to identify and employ pharmaceutical and medical terms,
abbreviations and symbols commonly used in prescribing, dispensing and record keeping of
medications.
(4) Knowledge of and the ability to carry out calculations required for common dosage
determination, employing both the metric and apothecary systems.
(5) Knowledge and understanding of the identification of drugs, drug dosages, routes of
administration, dosage forms and storage requirements.
(6) Knowledge of and ability to perform the manipulative and record-keeping functions
involved in and related to dispensing prescriptions.
(7) Knowledge of and ability to perform procedures and techniques relating to manufacturing,
packaging, and labeling of drug products.
Authority cited: Sections 4005, 4007, 4038, 4115 and 4202, Business and Professions Code.
Reference: Sections 4005, 4007, 4038, 4115 and 4202, Business and Professions Code.
1793.7. Requirements for Pharmacies Employing Pharmacy Technicians.
(a) Except as otherwise provided in section 1793.8, any function performed by a pharmacy
technician in connection with the dispensing of a prescription, including repackaging from bulk
and storage of pharmaceuticals, must be verified and documented in writing by a pharmacist.
Except for the preparation of prescriptions for an inpatient of a hospital and for an inmate of a
correctional facility, the pharmacist shall indicate verification of the prescription by initialing the
prescription label before the medication is provided to the patient.
(b) Pharmacy technicians must work under the direct supervision of a pharmacist and in such a
relationship that the supervising pharmacist is fully aware of all activities involved in the
preparation and dispensing of medications, including the maintenance of appropriate records.
(c) A pharmacy technician must wear identification clearly identifying him or her as a pharmacy
technician.
(d) Any pharmacy employing or using a pharmacy technician shall develop a job description and
written policies and procedures adequate to ensure compliance with the provisions of Article 11
of this Chapter, and shall maintain, for at least three years from the time of making, records
adequate to establish compliance with these sections and written policies and procedures.
(e) A pharmacist shall be responsible for all activities of pharmacy technicians to ensure that all
such activities are performed completely, safely and without risk of harm to patients.
(f) For the preparation of a prescription for an inpatient of a licensed health facility and for a
patient of a licensed home health agency, the ratio shall not be less than one pharmacist on duty
for a total of two pharmacy technicians on duty. Pursuant to Business and Professions Code
section 4115(g)(1), this ratio shall not apply to the preparation of a prescription for an inmate of a
correctional facility of the Department of the Youth Authority or the Department of Corrections,
or for a person receiving treatment in a facility operated by the State Department of Mental
Health, the State Department of Developmental Services, or the Department of Veterans Affairs.
Authority cited: Sections 4005, 4007, 4038, 4115 and 4202, Business and Professions Code.
Reference: Sections 4005, 4007, 4038, 4115 and 4202, Business and Professions Code.
1793.8 Technicians in Hospitals with Clinical Pharmacy Programs.
(a) A general acute care hospital, as defined in Health and Safety Code 1250 (a), that has an
ongoing clinical pharmacy program may allow pharmacy technicians to check the work of other
pharmacy technicians in connection with the filling of floor and ward stock and unit dose
202
distribution systems for patients admitted to the hospital whose orders have previously been
reviewed and approved by a licensed pharmacist. Only inpatient hospital pharmacies as defined in
4029(a) that maintain a clinical pharmacy services program as described in 4052.1 may have a
technician checking technician program as described. The pharmacy shall have on file a
description of the clinical pharmacy program prior to initiating a technician checking technician
program.
(1) This section shall only apply to acute care inpatient hospital pharmacy settings.
(2) Hospital pharmacies that have a technician checking technician program shall deploy
pharmacists to the inpatient care setting to provide clinical services.
(b) Compounded or repackaged products must have been previously checked by a pharmacist
and then may be used by the technician to fill unit dose distribution systems, and floor and ward
stock.
(c) To ensure quality patient care and reduce medication errors, programs that use pharmacy
technicians to check the work of other pharmacy technicians pursuant to this section must include
the following components:
(1) The overall operation of the program shall be the responsibility of the pharmacist-in-charge.
(2) The program shall be under the direct supervision of a pharmacist and the parameters for
the direct supervision shall be specified in the facility’s policies and procedures
(3) The pharmacy technician who performs the checking function has received specialized and
advanced training as prescribed in the policies and procedures of the facility.
(4) To ensure quality there shall be ongoing evaluation of programs that use pharmacy
technicians to check the work of other pharmacy technicians.
Authority cited: Section 4005 and 4115, Business and Professions Code. Reference: Section
4005, 4052.1 and 4115 Business and Professions Code.
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HEALTH & SAFETY CODE DIVISION 2. LICENSING PROVISIONS Section
1261.5
1261.6
Emergency Supplies; Doses Stored in Emergency Supplies Container
Automated Drug Delivery Systems
DIVISION 10. UNIFORM CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES ACT
CHAPTER 1. GENERAL PROVISIONS AND DEFINITIONS
Section
11000
11001.
11002.
11003.
11004.
11005.
11006.5
11007.
11008.
11009.
11010.
11011.
11012.
11013.
11014.
11014.5.
11015.
11016.
11017.
11018.
11019.
11020.
11021.
11022.
11023.
11024.
11025.
11026.
11027. 11029.
11029.5
11030.
11031. 11032. 11033.
Designation
Definitions Govern Construction
Administer Defined
Agent Defined
Attorney General Defined
Board of Pharmacy Defined
Concentrated Cannabis Defined
Controlled Substance Defined
Customs Broker Defined
Deliver or Delivery Defined
Dispense Defined
Dispenser Defined
Distribute Defined
Distributor Defined
Drug Defined
Drug Paraphernalia Defined
Federal Bureau Defined
Furnish Defined
Manufacturer Defined
Marijuana Defined
Narcotic Drug Defined
Opiate Defined
Opium Poppy Defined
Person Defined
Pharmacy Defined
Physician, Dentist, Podiatrist, Pharmacist, and Veterinarian Defined
Poppy Straw Defined
Practitioner Defined
Prescription Defined
Production Defined
Security Printer Defined
Ultimate User Defined
Wholesaler Defined
References to Narcotics, Restricted Dangerous Drugs, Marijuana as Schedule I,
II, III and IV Controlled Substances
Isomer Defined
204
CHAPTER 2. STANDARDS AND SCHEDULES
11053.
11054.
11055
11056
11057
11058.
Substances Included by Whatever Name Used
Schedule I Controlled Substances
Schedule II Controlled Substances
Schedule III Controlled Substances
Schedule IV Controlled Substances
Schedule V Controlled Substances
CHAPTER 3. REGULATION AND CONTROL
Article 1. Reporting
Section
11100.
11100.05.
11100.1.
11101.
11102.
11103.
11104.
11104.5. 11105.
11106.
11106.5.
11106.7. 11107.
11107.1.
11110
11111 Report of Certain Chemical: Chemicals Included; Exclusions; Penalties
Drug Cleanup Fine
Report of Chemicals Received from Outside State; Penalties
Reporting Form Contents
Adoption of Necessary Regulations
Report of Theft, Loss, or Shipping Discrepancy
Providing Chemical for Illicit Manufacturing; Evasion of Reporting
Requirements; Penalties
Illegal Possession of Certain Glassware or Lab Apparatus
False Statement in Report
Permit for Providing Chemicals; Process; Discipline; Renewal and Fees
Order Suspending or Imposing Permit Restrictions
System for DOJ Citations to Permittees; Order of Abatement or Order to Pay
Fine; System Requirements
Sale of Laboratory Items: Required Procedures and Records; Penalties for
Violation
Requirements When Selling Specified Chemicals; Violation as Misdemeanor
Sale of Dextromethorphan Prohibited to Those Under 18 Years of Age without
Prescription
Use of Cash Register with Age-Verification Feature for OTC Sale of
Dextromethorphan
CHAPTER 4. PRESCRIPTIONS
Article 1. Requirements of Prescriptions
11150. 11150.6.
11151. 11152. 11153. Persons Authorized to Write or Issue a Prescription
Methaqualone as Schedule I Controlled Substance
Limitation on Filling Prescriptions From Medical Students
Nonconforming Prescriptions Prohibited
Responsibility for Legitimacy of Prescription; Corresponding Responsibility of
Pharmacist; Knowing Violation
205
Section
11153.5. 11154. 11155. 11156. 11157. 11158. 11159.
11159.1.
11159.2.
11161.
11161.5. 11161.7. 11162.1. 11162.5. 11162.6.
11164. 11164.1.
11164.5. 11165.
11165.1.
11165.2
11165.3
11166.
11167.
11167.5. 11170. 11171. 11172. 11173. 11174. Wholesaler or Manufacturer Furnishing Controlled Substance Other Than for
Legitimate Medical Purpose; Knowing Violation; Factors in Assessing
Legitimacy
Prescription, etc. Must Be for Treatment; Knowing Solicitation of Unlawful
Prescription, etc.
Prohibition on Physician Prescribing, etc., Where Controlled Substance
Privileges Surrendered
Prescribing, etc. Controlled Substances to Addict Only as Authorized
No False or Fictitious Prescriptions
Prescription Required for Schedule II, III, IV, or V Controlled Substance;
Exception for Limited Dispensing, Administration
Chart Order Exemption for Patient in County or Licensed Hospital; Maintaining
Record for Seven Years
Chart Order Exemption for Clinic Patient; Maintaining Record for Seven Years
Exception to Controlled Substance Prescription Requirement; Terminally Ill
Patient
Controlled Substance Prescription Blanks; Issuance by Department; Unlawful
Possession; Restriction in Criminal Proceeding
Prescription Forms for Controlled Substance Prescriptions; Requirements
Prescriber Authority to Prescribe Restricted; Information to Board; Board
Notification to Security Printers
Prescription Forms for Controlled Substances; Requirements
Counterfeiting or Possession of Counterfeit Controlled Substance Prescription
Blank; Penalty
C
ontrolled Substance Prescription Form; Counterfeiting, Possession of, Attempt
to Obtain or Obtain Under False Pretenses; Penalty
Prescribing, Filling, Compounding or Dispensing Prescription for Controlled
Substance; Requirements
Controlled Substance Prescription Issued in Another State for Delivery to Patient
in Another State; Dispensing by California Pharmacy
Electronic Prescriptions or Orders to Pharmacies and Hospitals
Controlled Substance Utilization Review and Evaluation System: Establishment;
Operation; Funding; Reporting to Department of Justice
History of Controlled Substances Dispensed to an Individual/PDMP
CURES Violation: Citations; Request for Hearing; Fines
Report Theft/Loss of Security Forms
Time Limit for Filling Schedule II Prescription; Knowingly Filling Mutilated,
Forged, or Altered Prescription Prohibited
Emergency Dispensing of Controlled Substance: Circumstances and
Requirements
Oral or Electronic Prescriptions for Schedule II Controlled Substance for
Specified Inpatients, Residents, and Home Hospice Patients; Requirements
Prohibition on Prescribing, etc. Controlled Substance for Self
Prescribing, etc. Controlled Substance Only as Authorized
Antedating or Postdating Prescription Prohibited
Fraud, Deceit, Misrepresentation or False Statement; False Representation; False
Label
Prohibition on Providing False Name or Address in Connection with
Prescription, etc.
206
Section
11175. 11179.
11180. Prohibition on Obtaining or Possessing Nonconforming Prescription; Prohibition
on Obtaining Controlled Substance by Nonconforming Prescription
Retention of Controlled Substance Prescription
Prohibition of Controlled Substance Obtained or Possessed by Nonconforming
Prescription
Article 2. Prescriber’s Record
11190. 11191. 11192. Prescriber’s Record for Schedule II, III or IV Controlled Substances; Prescription
Requirements
Retention Period; Violation
Prima Facie Evidence of Violation of Section 11190
Article 3. Copies of Prescriptions
11195. Providing Receipt for Prescription Removed by Peace Officer, Board Inspector,
etc.
Article 4. Refilling Prescriptions
11200. 11201. Restrictions on Dispensing or Refilling; Refill of Schedule II Prescription
Prohibited
Emergency Refill of Schedule III, IV, or V Prescription; Circumstances;
Requirements
Article 5. Pharmacists’ Records
11205
11206. 11207. 11208.
11209. Maintenance and Retention of Records in Separate File
Required Information on Prescription
Only Pharmacist or Intern Authorized to Fill Prescription
Prima Facie Evidence of Violation of Controlled Substance Act
Delivery and Receiving Requirements for Schedule II, III, and IV Substances;
Violation
CHAPTER 5. USE OF CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES
Article 1. Lawful Medical Use Other Than Treatment of Addicts
11210. 11211.
11212.
11213. Issuing Prescription: By Whom; For What Purpose; Quantity to Be Prescribed
Purchases of Controlled Substances by Hospital Without a Pharmacist for
Emergencies; Conditions on Providing to Patients
Obtaining and Using Controlled Substance for Research, Instruction, or Analysis;
Conditions
Research Approval by Research Advisory Panel
207
Article 2. Treatment of Addicts for Addiction
Section
11215.
11217.
11217.5.
11218.
11219.
11220.
11222.
Administration of Narcotics By or Under Direction of Physician, etc.; Who
Physician May Direct to Administer
Authorized Place of Treatment
Administration in Office or Medical Facility of Non-Narcotic Drugs
Limitation on Narcotics in First 15 Days of Treatment
Limitation on Narcotics after First 15 Days of Treatment
Required Discontinuance of Controlled Substances, Except Methadone or
LAAM, After 30 Days
Persons in Custody: Treatment for Withdrawal Symptoms; Continued
Participation in Narcotic Treatment Programs
Article 3. Veterinarians
11240.
11241.
Prohibition on Prescribing, etc. Controlled Substance for Human Being
Prescription Contents
Article 4. Sale Without Prescription
11250.
11251.
11252.
11253.
11255.
11256.
11364
11364.1
Authorized Retail Sale by Pharmacists to Physicians, etc.; Required Order Form
Authorized Wholesale Sale by Pharmacists
Preservation of Federally Required Forms
Duration of Retention
Actions Constituting Sale
Required Report of Order by or Sale to Out-of-State Wholesaler or Manufacturer
Possession of Illegal Drug Paraphernalia
Unlawful Possession of Drug Paraphernalia in Effect until January 1, 2015
Unless Another Law is Enacted Before That Date
CHAPTER 13.5. DISEASE PREVENTION DEMONSTRATION PROJECT
121281
121285
Board Web Site: Testing for HIV and Viral Hepatitis; Disposal of Sharps Waste;
How to Access Drug Treatment
The Disease Prevention Demonstration Project; Furnishing or Sale of
Nonprescription Hypodermic Needles or Syringes
CHAPTER 18. CLEAN NEEDLE AND SYRINGE EXCHANGE PROGRAM
121349
121349.1
121349.2
121349.2
121349.3
121349.3
124960
124961
Legislative Findings and Declaration
Needle and Syringe Exchange Project; Requirements
Local, Health and Law Enforcement Comment Biennually; Public Input
Local, Health and Law Enforcement Comment Annually; Public Input
Biennial Report of Health Officer of Participating Jurisdiction
Annual Report of Health Officer of Participating Jurisdiction
Treatment of Severe Chronic Intractable Pain
Pain Patient’s Bill of Rights
208
DIVISION 106. Part 5. HEREDITARY DISEASES/CONGENITAL DEFECTS
CHAPTER 2. GENETIC DISEASE SERVICES
Article 5. Standards of Service
For Providers of Blood Clotting Products for Home Use Act
Section
125286.10
125286.15
125186.20
125286.26
125286.30
126286.35
Standards of Service for Providers of Blood Clotting Products for Home Use Act
Legislative Declarations
Definitions
Requirements for Providers of Blood Clotting Products for Home Use
Administration and Enforcement
Exemptions
DIVISION 116. SURPLUS MEDICATION COLLECTION AND DISTRIBUTION
CHAPTER 12. HEALTH FACILITIES
150200
150201
150202
150203
150204
150205
150206
150207
Legislative Intent to Establish Voluntary Drug Repository and Distribution
Program
Medication or Medications Defined
Skilled Nursing Facilities May Donate Unused Medications
Drug Wholesalers and Manufacturers May Donate Unused Medications
County May Establish Repository and Distribution Program for Dispensing
Donated Drugs
Liability
No Immunity for Noncompliance or Negligence
Disciplinary Actions
HEALTH & SAFETY CODE
Division 2. Licensing Provisions
1261.5. Emergency Supplies; Doses Stored in Emergency Supplies Container
(a) The number of oral dosage form or suppository form drugs provided by a pharmacy to a
health facility licensed pursuant to subdivision (c) or (d), or both (c) and (d), of Section 1250 for
storage in a secured emergency supplies container, pursuant to Section 4119 of the Business and
Professions Code, shall be limited to 48. The State Department of Public Health may limit the
number of doses of each drug available to not more than 16 doses of any separate drug dosage
form in each emergency supply.
(b) Not more than four of the 48 oral form or suppository form drugs secured for storage in the
emergency supplies container shall be psychotherapeutic drugs, except that the department may
grant a program flexibility request to the facility to increase the number of psychotherapeutic
drugs in the emergency supplies container to not more than 10 if the facility can demonstrate the
necessity for an increased number of drugs based on the needs of the patient population at the
facility. In addition, the four oral form or suppository form psychotherapeutic drug limit shall not
209
apply to a special treatment program service unit distinct part, as defined in Section 1276.9. The
department shall limit the number of doses of psychotherapeutic drugs available to not more than
four doses in each emergency supply. Nothing in this section shall alter or diminish informed
consent requirements, including, but not limited to, the requirements of Section 1418.9.
(c) Any limitations established pursuant to subdivisions (a) and (b) on the number and quantity
of oral dosage or suppository form drugs provided by a pharmacy to a health facility licensed
pursuant to subdivision (c), (d), or both (c) and (d), of Section 1250 for storage in a secured
emergency supplies container shall not apply to an automated drug delivery system, as defined in
Section 1261.6, when a pharmacist controls access to the drugs.
1261.6 Automated Drug Delivery Systems
(a) (1) For purposes of this section and Section 1261.5, an "automated drug delivery system"
means a mechanical system that performs operations or activities, other than compounding or
administration, relative to the storage, dispensing, or distribution of drugs. An automated drug
delivery system shall collect, control, and maintain all transaction information to accurately track
the movement of drugs into and out of the system for security, accuracy, and accountability.
(2) For purposes of this section, "facility" means a health facility licensed pursuant to
subdivision (c), (d), or (k), of Section 1250 that has an automated drug delivery system provided
by a pharmacy.
(3) For purposes of this section, "pharmacy services" means the provision of both routine and
emergency drugs and biologicals to meet the needs of the patient, as prescribed by a physician.
(b) Transaction information shall be made readily available in a written format for review and
inspection by individuals authorized by law. These records shall be maintained in the facility for a
minimum of three years.
(c) Individualized and specific access to automated drug delivery systems shall be limited to
facility and contract personnel authorized by law to administer drugs.
(d) (1) The facility and the pharmacy shall develop and implement written policies and
procedures to ensure safety, accuracy, accountability, security, patient confidentiality, and
maintenance of the quality, potency, and purity of stored drugs. Policies and procedures shall
define access to the automated drug delivery system and limits to access to equipment and drugs.
(2) All policies and procedures shall be maintained at the pharmacy operating the automated
drug delivery system and the location where the automated drug delivery system is being used.
(e) When used as an emergency pharmaceutical supplies container, drugs removed from the
automated drug delivery system shall be limited to the following:
(1) A new drug order given by a prescriber for a patient of the facility for administration prior
to the next scheduled delivery from the pharmacy, or 72 hours, whichever is less. The drugs shall
be retrieved only upon authorization by a pharmacist and after the pharmacist has reviewed the
prescriber's order and the patient's profile for potential contraindications and adverse drug
reactions.
(2) Drugs that a prescriber has ordered for a patient on an as-needed basis, if the utilization and
retrieval of those drugs are subject to ongoing review by a pharmacist.
(3) Drugs designed by the patient care policy committee or pharmaceutical service committee
of the facility as emergency drugs or acute onset drugs. These drugs may be retrieved from an
automated drug delivery system pursuant to the order of a prescriber for emergency or immediate
administration to a patient of the facility. Within 48 hours after retrieval under this paragraph, the
case shall be reviewed by a pharmacist.
(f) When used to provide pharmacy services pursuant to Section 4119.1 of the Business and
Professions Code, the automated drug delivery system shall be subject to all of the following
requirements:
(1) Drugs removed from the automated drug delivery system for administration to a patient
shall be in properly labeled units of administration containers or packages.
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(2) A pharmacist shall review and approve all orders prior to a drug being removed from the
automated drug delivery system for administration to a patient. The pharmacist shall review the
prescriber's order and the patient's profile for potential contraindications and adverse drug
reactions.
(3) The pharmacy providing services to the facility pursuant to Section 4119.1 of the Business
and Professions Code shall control access to the drugs stored in the automated drug delivery
system.
(4) Access to the automated drug delivery system shall be controlled and tracked using an
identification or password system or biosensor.
(5) The automated drug delivery system shall make a complete and accurate record of all
transactions that will include all users accessing the system and all drugs added to, or removed
from, the system.
(6) After the pharmacist reviews the prescriber's order, access by licensed personnel to the
automated drug delivery system shall be limited only to drugs ordered by the prescriber and
reviewed by the pharmacist and that are specific to the patient. When the prescriber' s order
requires a dosage variation of the same drug, licensed personnel shall have access to the drug
ordered for that scheduled time of administration.
(7) (A) Systems that allow licensed personnel to have access to multiple drugs and are not
patient specific in their design, shall be allowed under this subdivision if those systems have
electronic and mechanical safeguards in place to ensure that the drugs delivered to the patient are
specific to that patient. Each facility using such an automated drug system shall notify the
department in writing prior to the utilization of the system. The notification submitted to the
department pursuant to this paragraph shall include, but is not limited to, information regarding
system design, personnel with system access, and policies and procedures covering staff training,
storage, and security, and the facility's administration of these types of systems.
(B) As part of its routine oversight of these facilities, the department shall review a facility's
medication training, storage, and security, and its administration procedures related to its use of
an automated drug delivery system to ensure that adequate staff training and safeguards are in
place to make sure that the drugs delivered are appropriate for the patient. If the department
determines that a facility is not in compliance with this section, the department may revoke its
authorization to use automated drug delivery systems granted under subparagraph (A).
(C) This paragraph shall remain in effect only until January 1, 2012, unless a later enacted
statute is enacted on or before January 1, 2012, deletes or extends that date.
(g) The stocking of an automated drug delivery system shall be performed by a pharmacist. If
the automated drug delivery system utilizes removable pockets, cards, drawers, or similar
technology, the stocking system may be done outside of the facility and be delivered to the
facility if all of the following conditions are met:
(1) The task of placing drugs into the removable pockets, cards, or drawers is performed by a
pharmacist or by an intern pharmacist or a pharmacy technician working under the direct
supervision of a pharmacist.
(2) The removable pockets, cards, or drawers are transported between the pharmacy and the
facility in a secure tamper-evident container.
(3) The facility, in conjunction with the pharmacy, has developed policies and procedures to
ensure that the pockets, cards, or drawers are properly placed into the automated drug delivery
system.
(h) Review of the drugs contained within, and the operation and maintenance of, the automated
drug delivery system shall be done in accordance with law and shall be the responsibility of the
pharmacy. The review shall be conducted on a monthly basis by a pharmacist and shall include a
physical inspection of the drugs in the automated drug delivery system, an inspection of the
automated drug delivery system machine for cleanliness, and a review of all transaction records
in order to verify the security and accountability of the system.
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(i) Drugs dispensed from an automated drug delivery system that meets the requirements of this
section shall not be subject to the labeling requirements of Section 4076 of the Business and
Professions Code or Section 111480 of this code if the drugs to be placed into the automated drug
delivery system are in unit dose packaging or unit of use and if the information required by
Section 4076 of the Business and Professions Code and Section 111480 of this code is readily
available at the time of drug administration. For purposes of this section, unit dose packaging
includes blister pack cards.
DIVISION 10. UNIFORM CONTROLLED SUBSTANCE ACT
CHAPTER 1. GENERAL PROVISIONS AND DEFINITIONS
11000. Designation
This division shall be known as the "California Uniform Controlled Substances Act."
11001. Definitions Govern Construction
Unless the context otherwise requires, the definitions in this chapter govern the construction of
this division.
11002. Administer Defined
"Administer" means the direct application of a controlled substance, whether by injection,
inhalation, ingestion, or any other means, to the body of a patient for his immediate needs or to
the body of a research subject by any of the following:
(a) A practitioner or, in his presence, by his authorized agent.
(b) The patient or research subject at the direction and in the presence of the practitioner.
11003. Agent Defined
"Agent" means an authorized person who acts on behalf of or at the direction of a manufacturer,
distributor, or dispenser. It does not include a common or contract carrier, public warehouseman,
or employee of the carrier or warehouseman.
11004. Attorney General Defined
"Attorney General" means the Attorney General of the State of California.
11005. Board of Pharmacy Defined
"Board of Pharmacy" means the California State Board of Pharmacy.
11006.5. Concentrated Cannabis Defined
"Concentrated cannabis" means the separated resin, whether crude or purified, obtained from
marijuana.
11007. Controlled Substance Defined
"Controlled substance," unless otherwise specified, means a drug, substance, or immediate
precursor which is listed in any schedule in Section 11054, 11055, 11056, 11057, or 11058.
11008. Customs Broker Defined
"Customs broker" means a person in this state who is authorized to act as a broker for any of the
following:
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(a) A person in this state who is licensed to sell, distribute, or otherwise possess any controlled
substance.
(b) A person in any other state who ships any controlled substance into this state.
(c) A person in this state or any other state who ships or transfers any controlled substance
through this state.
11009. Deliver or Delivery Defined
"Deliver" or "delivery" means the actual, constructive, or attempted transfer from one person to
another of a controlled substance, whether or not there is an agency relationship.
11010. Dispense Defined
"Dispense" means to deliver a controlled substance to an ultimate user or research subject by or
pursuant to the lawful order of a practitioner, including the prescribing, furnishing, packaging,
labeling, or compounding necessary to prepare the substance for that delivery.
11011. Dispenser Defined
"Dispenser" means a practitioner who dispenses.
11012. Distribute Defined
"Distribute" means to deliver other than by administering or dispensing a controlled substance.
11013. Distributor Defined
"Distributor" means a person who distributes. The term distributor also includes warehousemen
handling or storing controlled substances and customs brokers.
11014. Drug Defined
"Drug" means (a) substances recognized as drugs in the official United States Pharmacopoeia,
official Homeopathic Pharmacopoeia of the United States, or official National Formulary, or any
supplement to any of them; (b) substances intended for use in the diagnosis, cure, mitigation,
treatment, or prevention of disease in man or animals; (c) substances (other than food) intended to
affect the structure or any function of the body of man or animals; and (d) substances intended for
use as a component of any article specified in subdivision (a), (b), or (c) of this section. It does
not include devices or their components, parts, or accessories.
11014.5. Drug Paraphernalia Defined
(a) "Drug paraphernalia" means all equipment, products and materials of any kind which are
designed for use or marketed for use, in planting, propagating, cultivating, growing, harvesting,
manufacturing, compounding, converting, producing, processing, preparing, testing, analyzing,
packaging, repackaging, storing, containing, concealing, injecting, ingesting, inhaling, or
otherwise introducing into the human body a controlled substance in violation of this division. It
includes, but is not limited to:
(1) Kits designed for use or marketed for use in planting, propagating, cultivating, growing, or
harvesting of any species of plant which is a controlled substance or from which a controlled
substance can be derived.
(2) Kits designed for use or marketed for use in manufacturing, compounding, converting,
producing, processing, or preparing controlled substances.
(3) Isomerization devices designed for use or marketed for use in increasing the potency of any
species of plant which is a controlled substance.
(4) Testing equipment designed for use or marketed for use in identifying, or in analyzing the
strength, effectiveness, or purity of controlled substances.
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(5) Scales and balances designed for use or marketed for use in weighing or measuring
controlled substances.
(6) Containers and other objects designed for use or marketed for use in storing or concealing
controlled substances.
(7) Hypodermic syringes, needles, and other objects designed for use or marketed for use in
parenterally injecting controlled substances into the human body.
(8) Objects designed for use or marketed for use in ingesting, inhaling, or otherwise
introducing marijuana, cocaine, hashish, or hashish oil into the human body, such as:
(A) Carburetion tubes and devices.
(B) Smoking and carburetion masks.
(C) Roach clips, meaning objects used to hold burning material, such as a marijuana
cigarette, that has become too small or too short to be held in the hand.
(D) Miniature cocaine spoons, and cocaine vials.
(E) Chamber pipes.
(F) Carburetor pipes.
(G) Electric pipes.
(H) Air-driven pipes.
(I) Chillums.
(J) Bongs.
(K) Ice pipes or chillers.
(b) For the purposes of this section, the phrase "marketed for use" means advertising,
distributing, offering for sale, displaying for sale, or selling in a manner which promotes the use
of equipment, products, or materials with controlled substances.
(c) In determining whether an object is drug paraphernalia, a court or other authority may
consider, in addition to all other logically relevant factors, the following:
(1) Statements by an owner or by anyone in control of the object concerning its use.
(2) Instructions, oral or written, provided with the object concerning its use for ingesting,
inhaling, or otherwise introducing a controlled substance into the human body.
(3) Descriptive materials accompanying the object which explain or depict its use.
(4) National and local advertising concerning its use.
(5) The manner in which the object is displayed for sale.
(6) Whether the owner, or anyone in control of the object, is a legitimate supplier of like or
related items to the community, such as a licensed distributor or dealer of tobacco products.
(7) Expert testimony concerning its use.
(d) If any provision of this section or the application thereof to any person or circumstance is
held invalid, it is the intent of the Legislature that the invalidity shall not affect other provisions
or applications of the section which can be given effect without the invalid provision or
application and to this end the provisions of this section are severable.
11015. Federal Bureau Defined
"Federal bureau" means the Drug Enforcement Administration of the United States Department
of Justice, or its successor agency.
11016. Furnish Defined
"Furnish" has the same meaning as provided in Section 4048.5 of the Business and Professions
Code.
11017. Manufacturer Defined
"Manufacturer" has the same meaning as provided in Section 4034 of the Business and
Professions Code.
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11018. Marijuana Defined
"Marijuana" means all parts of the plant Cannabis sativa L., whether growing or not; the seeds
thereof; the resin extracted from any part of the plant; and every compound, manufacture, salt,
derivative, mixture, or preparation of the plant, its seeds or resin. It does not include the mature
stalks of the plant, fiber produced from the stalks, oil or cake made from the seeds of the plant,
any other compound, manufacture, salt, derivative, mixture, or preparation of the mature stalks
(except the resin extracted therefrom), fiber, oil, or cake, or the sterilized seed of the plant which
is incapable of germination.
11019. Narcotic Drug Defined
"Narcotic drug" means any of the following, whether produced directly or indirectly by
extraction from substances of vegetable origin, or independently by means of chemical synthesis,
or by a combination of extraction and chemical synthesis:
(a) Opium and opiate, and any salt, compound, derivative, or preparation of opium or opiate.
(b) Any salt, compound, isomer, or derivative, whether natural or synthetic, of the substances
referred to in subdivision (a), but not including the isoquinoline alkaloids of opium.
(c) Opium poppy and poppy straw.
(d) Coca leaves and any salt, compound, derivative, or preparation of coca leaves, but not
including decocainized coca leaves or extractions of coca leaves which do not contain cocaine or
ecgonine.
(e) Cocaine, whether natural or synthetic, or any salt, isomer, derivative, or preparation thereof.
(f) Ecgonine, whether natural or synthetic, or any salt, isomer, derivative, or preparation thereof.
(g) Acetylfentanyl, the thiophene analog thereof, derivatives of either, and any salt, compound,
isomer, or preparation of acetylfentanyl or the thiophene analog thereof.
11020. Opiate Defined
"Opiate" means any substance having an addiction-forming or addiction-sustaining liability
similar to morphine or being capable of conversion into a drug having addiction-forming or
addiction-sustaining liability. It does not include, unless specifically designated as controlled
under Chapter 2 (commencing with Section 11053) of this division, the dextrorotatory isomer of
3-methoxy-n-methylmorphinan and its salts (dextromethorphan). It does include its racemic and
levorotatory forms.
11021. Opium Poppy Defined
"Opium poppy" means the plant of the species Papaver somniferum L., except its seeds.
11022. Person Defined
"Person" means individual, corporation, government or governmental subdivision or agency,
business trust, estate, trust, partnership, limited liability company, or association, or any other
legal entity.
11023. Pharmacy Defined
"Pharmacy" has the same meaning as provided in Section 4035 of the Business and Professions
Code.
11024. Physician, Dentist, Podiatrist, Pharmacist, and Veterinarian Defined
"Physician," "dentist," "podiatrist," "pharmacist," "veterinarian," and "optometrist" means
persons who are licensed to practice their respective professions in this state.
11025. Poppy Straw Defined
"Poppy straw" means all parts, except the seeds, of the opium poppy, after mowing.
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11026. Practitioner Defined
"Practitioner" means any of the following:
(a) A physician, dentist, veterinarian, podiatrist, or pharmacist acting within the scope of a
project authorized under Article 1 (commencing with Section 128125) of Chapter 3 of Part 3 of
Division 107, a registered nurse acting within the scope of a project authorized under Article 1
(commencing with Section 128125) of Chapter 3 of Part 3 of Division 107, a certified nursemidwife acting within the scope of Section 2746.51 of the Business and Professions Code, a
nurse practitioner acting within the scope of Section 2836.1 of the Business and Professions
Code, or a physician assistant acting within the scope of a project authorized under Article 1
(commencing with Section 128125) of Chapter 3 of Part 3 of Division 107 or Section 3502.1 of
the Business and Professions Code, or an optometrist acting within the scope of Section 3041 of
the Business and Professions Code.
(b) A pharmacy, hospital, or other institution licensed, registered, or otherwise permitted to
distribute, dispense, conduct research with respect to, or to administer, a controlled substance in
the course of professional practice or research in this state.
(c) A scientific investigator, or other person licensed, registered, or otherwise permitted, to
distribute, dispense, conduct research with respect to, or administer, a controlled substance in the
course of professional practice or research in this state.
11027. Prescription Defined
(a) "Prescription" means an oral order or electronic transmission prescription for a controlled
substance given individually for the person(s) for whom prescribed, directly from the prescriber
to the furnisher or indirectly by means of a written order of the prescriber.
(b) "Electronic transmission prescription" includes both image and data prescriptions.
"Electronic image transmission prescription" is any prescription order for which a facsimile of the
order is received by a pharmacy from a licensed prescriber. "Electronic data transmission
prescription" is any prescription order, other than an electronic image transmission prescription,
which is electronically transmitted from a licensed prescriber to a pharmacy.
11029. Production Defined
"Production" includes the manufacture, planting, cultivation, growing, or harvesting of a
controlled substance.
11029.5. Security Printer Defined
"Security printer" means a person approved to produce controlled substance prescription forms
pursuant to Section 11161.5.
11030. Ultimate User Defined
"Ultimate user" means a person who lawfully possesses a controlled substance for his own use
or for the use of a member of his household or for administering to an animal owned by him or by
a member of his household.
11031. Wholesaler Defined
"Wholesaler" has the same meaning as provided in Section 4038 of the Business and Professions
Code.
11032. References to Narcotics, Restricted Dangerous Drugs, Marijuana as Schedule I, II,
III and IV Controlled Substances
Whenever reference is made to the term "narcotics" in any provision of law outside of this
division, unless otherwise expressly provided, it shall be construed to mean controlled substances
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classified in Schedules I and II, as defined in this division. Whenever reference is made to
"restricted dangerous drugs" outside of this division, unless otherwise expressly provided, it shall
be construed to mean controlled substances classified in Schedules III and IV. Whenever
reference is made to the term "marijuana" in any provision of law outside of this division, unless
otherwise expressly provided, it shall be construed to mean marijuana as defined in this division.
11033. Isomer Defined
As used in this division, except as otherwise defined, the term "isomer" includes optical and
geometrical (diastereomeric) isomers.
CHAPTER 2. STANDARDS AND SCHEDULES
11053. Substances Included by Whatever Name Used
The controlled substances listed or to be listed in the schedules in this chapter are included by
whatever official, common, usual, chemical, or trade name designated.
11054. Schedule I Controlled Substances
(a) The controlled substances listed in this section are included in Schedule I.
(b) Opiates. Unless specifically excepted or unless listed in another schedule, any of the
following opiates, including their isomers, esters, ethers, salts, and salts of isomers, esters, and
ethers whenever the existence of those isomers, esters, ethers, and salts is possible within the
specific chemical designation:
(1) Acetylmethadol.
(2) Allylprodine.
(3) Alphacetylmethadol (except levoalphacetylmethadol, also known as levo-alphaacetylmethadol, levomethadyl acetate, or LAAM).
(4) Alphameprodine.
(5) Alphamethadol.
(6) Benzethidine.
(7) Betacetylmethadol.
(8) Betameprodine.
(9) Betamethadol.
(10) Betaprodine.
(11) Clonitazene.
(12) Dextromoramide.
(13) Diampromide.
(14) Diethylthiambutene.
(15) Difenoxin.
(16) Dimenoxadol.
(17) Dimepheptanol.
(18) Dimethylthiambutene.
(19) Dioxaphetyl butyrate.
(20) Dipipanone.
(21) Ethylmethylthiambutene.
(22) Etonitazene.
(23) Etoxeridine.
(24) Furethidine.
(25) Hydroxypethidine.
(26) Ketobemidone.
(27) Levomoramide.
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(28) Levophenacylmorphan.
(29) Morpheridine.
(30) Noracymethadol.
(31) Norlevorphanol.
(32) Normethadone.
(33) Norpipanone.
(34) Phenadoxone.
(35) Phenampromide.
(36) Phenomorphan.
(37) Phenoperidine.
(38) Piritramide.
(39) Proheptazine.
(40) Properidine.
(41) Propiram.
(42) Racemoramide.
(43) Tilidine.
(44) Trimeperidine.
(45) Any substance which contains any quantity of acetylfentanyl (N-(1-phenethyl-4­
piperidinyl) acetanilide) or a derivative thereof.
(46) Any substance which contains any quantity of the thiophene analog of acetylfentanyl (N-(1­
(2-(2-thienyl)ethyl)-4- piperidinyl) acetanilide) or a derivative thereof.
(47) 1-Methyl-4-Phenyl-4-Propionoxypiperidine (MPPP).
(48) 1-(2-Phenethyl)-4-Phenyl-4-Acetyloxypiperidine (PEPAP).
(c) Opium derivatives. Unless specifically excepted or unless listed in another schedule, any of
the following opium derivatives, its salts, isomers, and salts of isomers whenever the existence of
those salts, isomers, and salts of isomers is possible within the specific chemical designation:
(1) Acetorphine.
(2) Acetyldihydrocodeine.
(3) Benzylmorphine.
(4) Codeine methylbromide.
(5) Codeine-N-Oxide.
(6) Cyprenorphine.
(7) Desomorphine.
(8) Dihydromorphine.
(9) Drotebanol.
(10) Etorphine (except hydrochloride salt).
(11) Heroin.
(12) Hydromorphinol.
(13) Methyldesorphine.
(14) Methyldihydromorphine.
(15) Morphine methylbromide.
(16) Morphine methylsulfonate.
(17) Morphine-N-Oxide.
(18) Myrophine.
(19) Nicocodeine.
(20) Nicomorphine.
(21) Normorphine.
(22) Pholcodine.
(23) Thebacon.
(d) Hallucinogenic substances. Unless specifically excepted or unless listed in another schedule,
any material, compound, mixture, or preparation, which contains any quantity of the following
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hallucinogenic substances, or which contains any of its salts, isomers, and salts of isomers
whenever the existence of those salts, isomers, and salts of isomers is possible within the specific
chemical designation (for purposes of this subdivision only, the term "isomer" includes the
optical, position, and geometric isomers):
(1) 4-bromo-2,5-dimethoxy-amphetamine--Some trade or other names: 4-bromo-2,5­
dimethoxy-alphamethylphenethylamine;
4-bromo-2,5-DMA.
(2) 2,5-dimethoxyamphetamine--Some trade or other names: 2,5-dimethoxy-alpha­
methylphenethylamine; 2,5-DMA.
(3) 4-methoxyamphetamine--Some trade or other names: 4-methoxy-alpha­
methylphenethylamine, paramethoxyamphetamine, PMA.
(4) 5-methoxy-3,4-methylenedioxy-amphetamine.
(5) 4-methyl-2,5-dimethoxy-amphetamine--Some trade or other names: 4-methyl-2,5­
dimethoxy-alphamethylphenethylamine; "DOM"; and "STP."
(6) 3,4-methylenedioxy amphetamine.
(7) 3,4,5-trimethoxy amphetamine.
(8) Bufotenine--Some trade or other names: 3-(beta-dimethylaminoethyl)-5-hydroxyindole; 3­
(2- dimethylaminoethyl)-5indolol; N,N-dimethylserolonin, 5-hydroxy-N,N-dimethyltryptamine;
mappine.
(9) Diethyltryptamine--Some trade or other names:N,N-Diethyltryptamine; DET.
(10) Dimethyltryptamine--Some trade or other names: DMT.
(11) Ibogaine--Some trade or other names: 7-Ethyl-6,6beta, 7,8,9,10,12,13-octahydro-2­
methoxy-6,9-methano-5Hpyrido (1',2':1,2) azepino (5,4-b) indole; Tabernantheiboga.
(12) Lysergic acid diethylamide.
(13) Marijuana.
(14) Mescaline.
(15) Peyote—Meaning all parts of the plant presently classified botanically as Lophophora
williamsii Lemaire, whether growing or not, the seeds thereof, any extract from any part of the
plant, and every compound, manufacture, salts, derivative, mixture, or preparation of the plant, its
seeds or extracts (interprets 21 U.S.C. Sec. 812(c), Schedule 1(c)(12)).
(16) N-ethyl-3-piperidyl benzilate.
(17) N-methyl-3-piperidyl benzilate.
(18) Psilocybin.
(19) Psilocyn.
(20) Tetrahydrocannabinols. Synthetic equivalents of the substances contained in the plant, or in
the resinous extractives of Cannabis, sp. and/or synthetic substances, derivatives, and their
isomers with similar chemical structure and pharmacological activity such as the following: delta
1 cis or trans tetrahydrocannabinol, and their optical isomers; delta 6 cis or trans
tetrahydrocannabinol, and their optical isomers; delta 3,4 cis or trans tetrahydrocannabinol, and
its optical isomers. (Since nomenclature of these substances is not internationally standardized,
compounds of these structures, regardless of numerical designation of atomic positions covered).
(21) Ethylamine analog of phencyclidine--Some trade or other names: N-ethyl-1­
phenylcyclohexylamine, (1-phenylcyclohexyl) ethylamine, N-(1-phenylcyclohexyl) ethylamine,
cyclohexamine, PCE.
(22) Pyrrolidine analog of phencyclidine--Some trade or other names: 1-(1-phenylcyclohexyl)­
pyrrolidine, PCP, PHP.
(23) Thiophene analog of phencyclidine--Some trade or other names: 1-(1-(2 thienyl)­
cyclohexyl)-piperidine, 2- thienyl analog of phencyclidine, TPCP, TCP.
(e) Depressants. Unless specifically excepted or unless listed in another schedule, any material,
compound, mixture, or preparation which contains any quantity of the following substances
having a depressant effect on the central nervous system, including its salts, isomers, and salts of
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isomers whenever the existence of those salts, isomers, and salts of isomers is possible within the
specific chemical designation:
(1) Mecloqualone.
(2) Methaqualone.
(3) Gamma hydroxybutyric acid (also known by other names such as GHB; gamma hydroxy
butyrate; 4-hydroxybutyrate; 4-hydroxybutanoic acid; sodium oxybate; sodium oxybutyrate),
including its immediate precursors, isomers, esters, ethers, salts, and salts of isomers, esters, and
ethers, including, but not limited to, gammabutyrolactone, for which an application has not been
approved under Section 505 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. Sec. 355).
(f) Unless specifically excepted or unless listed in another schedule, any material, compound,
mixture, or preparation which contains any quantity of the following substances having a
stimulant effect on the central nervous system, including its isomers:
(1) Cocaine base.
(2) Fenethylline, including its salts.
(3) N-Ethylamphetamine, including its salts.
11055. Schedule II Controlled Substances
(a) The controlled substances listed in this section are included in Schedule II.
(b) Any of the following substances, except those narcotic drugs listed in other schedules,
whether produced directly or indirectly by extraction from substances of vegetable origin, or
independently by means of chemical synthesis, or by combination of extraction and chemical
synthesis:
(1) Opium, opiate, and any salt, compound, derivative, or preparation of opium or opiate, with
the exception of naloxone hydrochloride (N-allyl-14-hydroxy-nordihydromorphinone
hydrochloride), but including the following:
(A) Raw opium.
(B) Opium extracts.
(C) Opium fluid extracts.
(D) Powdered opium.
(E) Granulated opium.
(F) Tincture of opium.
(G) Codeine.
(H) Ethylmorphine.
(I) Hydrocodone.
(J) Hydromorphone.
(K) Metopon.
(L) Morphine.
(M) Oxycodone.
(N) Oxymorphone.
(O) Thebaine.
(2) Any salt, compound, isomer, or derivative, whether natural or synthetic, of the substances
referred to in paragraph (1), but not including the isoquinoline alkaloids of opium.
(3) Opium poppy and poppy straw.
(4) Coca leaves and any salt, compound, derivative, or preparation of coca leaves, but not
including decocainized coca leaves or extractions which do not contain cocaine or ecgonine.
(5) Concentrate of poppy straw (the crude extract of poppy straw in either liquid, solid, or
powder form which contains the phenanthrene alkaloids of the opium poppy).
(6) Cocaine, except as specified in Section 11054.
(7) Ecgonine, whether natural or synthetic, or any salt, isomer, derivative, or preparation
thereof.
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(c) Opiates. Unless specifically excepted or unless in another schedule, any of the following
opiates, including its isomers, esters, ethers, salts, and salts of isomers, esters, and ethers
whenever the existence of those isomers, esters, ethers, and salts is possible within the specific
chemical designation, dextrorphan and levopropoxyphene excepted:
(1) Alfentanyl.
(2) Alphaprodine.
(3) Anileridine.
(4) Bezitramide.
(5) Bulk dextropropoxyphene (nondosage forms).
(6) Dihydrocodeine.
(7) Diphenoxylate.
(8) Fentanyl.
(9) Isomethadone.
(10) Levoalphacetylmethadol, also known as levo-alpha-acetylmethadol, levomethadyl acetate,
or LAAM. This substance is authorized for the treatment of narcotic addicts under federal law
(see Part 291 (commencing with Section 291.501) and Part 1308 (commencing with Section
1308.01) of Title 21 of the Code of Federal Regulations).
(11) Levomethorphan.
(12) Levorphanol.
(13) Metazocine.
(14) Methadone.
(15) Methadone-Intermediate, 4-cyano-2-dimethylamino-4, 4-diphenyl butane.
(16) Moramide-Intermediate, 2-methyl-3-morpholino-1, 1-diphenylpropane-carboxylic acid.
(17) Pethidine (meperidine).
(18) Pethidine-Intermediate-A, 4-cyano-1-methyl-4-phenylpiperidine.
(19) Pethidine-Intermediate-B, ethyl-4-phenylpiperidine-4-carboxylate.
(20) Pethidine-Intermediate-C, 1-methyl-4-phenylpiperidine-4-carboxylic acid.
(21) Phenazocine.
(22) Piminodine.
(23) Racemethorphan.
(24) Racemorphan.
(25) Sufentanyl.
(d) Stimulants. Unless specifically excepted or unless listed in another schedule, any material,
compound, mixture, or preparation which contains any quantity of the following substances
having a stimulant effect on the central nervous system:
(1) Amphetamine, its salts, optical isomers, and salts of its optical isomers.
(2) Methamphetamine, its salts, isomers, and salts of its isomers.
(3) Dimethylamphetamine (N,N-dimethylamphetamine), its salts, isomers, and salts of its
isomers.
(4) N-Ethylmethamphetamine (N-ethyl, N-methylamphetamine), its salts, isomers, and salts of
its isomers.
(5) Phenmetrazine and its salts.
(6) Methylphenidate.
(7) Khat, which includes all parts of the plant classified botanically as Catha Edulis, whether
growing or not, the seeds thereof, any extract from any part of the plant, and every compound,
manufacture, salt, derivative, mixture, or preparation of the plant, its seeds, or extracts.
(8) Cathinone (also known as alpha-aminopropiophenone, 2-aminopropiophenone, and
norephedrone).
(e) Depressants. Unless specifically excepted or unless listed in another schedule, any material,
compound, mixture, or preparation which contains any quantity of the following substances
having a depressant effect on the central nervous system, including its salts, isomers, and salts of
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isomers whenever the existence of those salts, isomers, and salts of isomers is possible within the
specific chemical designation:
(1) Amobarbital.
(2) Pentobarbital.
(3) Phencyclidines, including the following:
(A) 1-(1-phenylcyclohexyl) piperidine (PCP).
(B) 1-(1-phenylcyclohexyl) morpholine (PCM).
(C) Any analog of phencyclidine which is added by the Attorney General by regulation
pursuant to this paragraph. The Attorney General, or his or her designee, may, by rule or
regulation, add additional analogs of phencyclidine to those enumerated in this paragraph after
notice, posting, and hearing pursuant to Chapter 3.5 (commencing with Section 11340) of Part 1
of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code. The Attorney General shall, in the calendar year
of the regular session of the Legislature in which the rule or regulation is adopted, submit a draft
of a proposed bill to each house of the Legislature which would incorporate the analogs into this
code. No rule or regulation shall remain in effect beyond January 1 after the calendar year of the
regular session in which the draft of the proposed bill is submitted to each house. However, if the
draft of the proposed bill is submitted during a recess of the Legislature exceeding 45 calendar
days, the rule or regulation shall be effective until January 1 after the next calendar year.
(4) Secobarbital.
(5) Glutethimide.
(f) Immediate precursors. Unless specifically excepted or unless listed in another schedule, any
material, compound, mixture, or preparation which contains any quantity of the following
substances:
(1) Immediate precursor to amphetamine and methamphetamine:
(A) Phenylacetone. Some trade or other names: phenyl-2 propanone; P2P; benzyl methyl
ketone; methyl benzyl ketone.
(2) Immediate precursors to phencyclidine (PCP):
(A) 1-phenylcyclohexylamine.
(B) 1-piperidinocyclohexane carbonitrile (PCC).
11056. Schedule III Controlled Substances
(a) The controlled substances listed in this section are included in Schedule III.
(b) Stimulants. Unless specifically excepted or unless listed in another schedule, any material,
compound, mixture, or preparation which contains any quantity of the following substances
having a stimulant effect on the central nervous system, including its salts, isomers (whether
optical, position, or geometric), and salts of those isomers whenever the existence of those salts,
isomers, and salts of isomers is possible within the specific chemical designation:
(1) Those compounds, mixtures, or preparations in dosage unit form containing any stimulant
substances listed in Schedule II which compounds, mixtures, or preparations were listed on
August 25, 1971, as excepted compounds under Section 1308.32 of Title 21 of the Code of
Federal Regulations, and any other drug of the quantitative composition shown in that list for
those drugs or which is the same except that it contains a lesser quantity of controlled substances.
(2) Benzphetamine.
(3) Chlorphentermine.
(4) Clortermine.
(5) Mazindol.
(6) Phendimetrazine.
(c) Depressants. Unless specifically excepted or unless listed in another schedule, any material,
compound, mixture, or preparation which contains any quantity of the following substances
having a depressant effect on the central nervous system:
(1) Any compound, mixture, or preparation containing any of the following:
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(A) Amobarbital
(B) Secobarbital
(C) Pentobarbital or any salt thereof and one or more other active medicinal ingredients
which are not listed in any schedule.
(2) Any suppository dosage form containing any of the following:
(A) Amobarbital
(B) Secobarbital
(C) Pentobarbital or any salt of any of these drugs and approved by the federal Food and
Drug Administration for marketing only as a suppository.
(3) Any substance which contains any quantity of a derivative of barbituric acid or any salt
thereof.
(4) Chlorhexadol.
(5) Lysergic acid.
(6) Lysergic acid amide.
(7) Methyprylon.
(8) Sulfondiethylmethane.
(9) Sulfonethylmethane.
(10) Sulfonmethane.
(11) Gamma hydroxybutyric acid, and its salts, isomers and salts of isomers, contained in a drug
product for which an application has been approved under Section 505 of the Federal Food, Drug,
and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. Sec. 355).
(d) Nalorphine.
(e) Narcotic drugs. Unless specifically excepted or unless listed in another schedule, any
material, compound, mixture, or preparation containing any of the following narcotic drugs, or
their salts calculated as the free anhydrous base or alkaloid, in limited quantities as set forth
below:
(1) Not more than 1.8 grams of codeine per 100 milliliters or not more than 90 milligrams per
dosage unit, with an equal or greater quantity of an isoquinoline alkaloid of opium.
(2) Not more than 1.8 grams of codeine per 100 milliliters or not more than 90 milligrams per
dosage unit, with one or more active, nonnarcotic ingredients in recognized therapeutic amounts.
(3) Not more than 300 milligrams of dihydrocodeinone per 100 milliliters or not more than 15
milligrams per dosage unit, with a fourfold or greater quantity of an isoquinoline alkaloid of
opium.
(4) Not more than 300 milligrams of dihydrocodeinone per 100 milliliters or not more than 15
milligrams per dosage unit, with one or more active nonnarcotic ingredients in recognized
therapeutic amounts. Additionally, oral liquid preparations of dihydrocodeinone containing the
above specified amounts may not contain as its nonnarcotic ingredients two or more
antihistamines in combination with each other.
(5) Not more than 1.8 grams of dihydrocodeine per 100 milliliters or not more than 90
milligrams per dosage unit, with one or more active nonnarcotic ingredients in recognized
therapeutic amounts.
(6) Not more than 300 milligrams of ethylmorphine per 100 milliliters or not more than 15
milligrams per dosage unit, with one or more active, nonnarcotic ingredients in recognized
therapeutic amounts.
(7) Not more than 500 milligrams of opium per 100 milliliters or per 100 grams or not more
than 25 milligrams per dosage unit, with one or more active, nonnarcotic ingredients in
recognized therapeutic amounts.
(8) Not more than 50 milligrams of morphine per 100 milliliters or per 100 grams, with one or
more active, nonnarcotic ingredients in recognized therapeutic amounts.
(f) Anabolic steroids and chorionic gonadotropin. Any material, compound, mixture, or
preparation containing chorionic gonadotropin or an anabolic steroid (excluding anabolic steroid
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products listed in the "Table of Exempt Anabolic Steroid Products" (Section 1308.34 of Title 21
of the Code of Federal Regulations), as exempt from the federal Controlled Substances Act
(Section 801 and following of Title 21 of the United States Code)), including, but not limited to,
the following:
(1) Androisoxazole.
(2) Androstenediol.
(3) Bolandiol.
(4) Bolasterone.
(5) Boldenone.
(6) Chlormethandienone.
(7) Clostebol.
(8) Dihydromesterone.
(9) Ethylestrenol.
(10) Fluoxymesterone.
(11) Formyldienolone.
(12) 4-Hydroxy-19-nortestosterone.
(13) Mesterolone.
(14) Methandriol.
(15) Methandrostenolone.
(16) Methenolone.
(17) 17-Methyltestosterone.
(18) Methyltrienolone.
(19) Nandrolone.
(20) Norbolethone.
(21) Norethandrolone.
(22) Normethandrolone.
(23) Oxandrolone.
(24) Oxymestrone.
(25) Oxymetholone.
(26) Quinbolone.
(27) Stanolone.
(28) Stanozolol.
(29) Stenbolone.
(30) Testosterone.
(31) Trenbolone.
(32) Chorionic Gonadotropin (HGC).
(g) Ketamine. Any material, compound, mixture, or preparation containing ketamine.
(h) Hallucinogenic substances. Any of the following hallucinogenic substances: dronabinol
(synthetic) in sesame oil and encapsulated in a soft gelatin capsule in a drug product approved by
the federal Food and Drug Administration.
11057. Schedule IV Controlled Substances
(a) The controlled substances listed in this section are included in Schedule IV.
(b) Schedule IV shall consist of the drugs and other substances, by whatever official name,
common or usual name, chemical name, or brand name designated, listed in this section.
(c) Narcotic drugs. Unless specifically excepted or unless listed in another schedule, any
material, compound, mixture, or preparation containing any of the following narcotic drugs, or
their salts calculated as the free anhydrous base or alkaloid, in limited quantities as set forth
below:
(1) Not more than 1 milligram of difenoxin and not less than 25 micrograms of atropine sulfate
per dosage unit.
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(2) Dextropropoxyphene (alpha-(+)-4-dimethylamino-1, 2-diphenyl-3-methyl-2­
propionoxybutane).
(3) Butorphanol.
(d) Depressants. Unless specifically excepted or unless listed in another schedule, any material,
compound, mixture, or preparation which contains any quantity of the following substances,
including its salts, isomers, and salts of isomers whenever the existence of those salts, isomers,
and salts of isomers is possible within the specific chemical designation:
(1) Alprazolam.
(2) Barbital.
(3) Chloral betaine.
(4) Chloral hydrate.
(5) Chlordiazepoxide.
(6) Clobazam.
(7) Clonazepam.
(8) Clorazepate.
(9) Diazepam.
(10) Estazolam.
(11) Ethchlorvynol.
(12) Ethinamate.
(13) Flunitrazepam.
(14) Flurazepam.
(15) Halazepam.
(16) Lorazepam.
(17) Mebutamate.
(18) Meprobamate.
(19) Methohexital.
(20) Methylphenobarbital (Mephobarbital).
(21) Midazolam.
(22) Nitrazepam.
(23) Oxazepam.
(24) Paraldehyde.
(25) Petrichoral.
(26) Phenobarbital.
(27) Prazepam.
(28) Quazepam.
(29) Temazepam.
(30) Triazolam.
(31) Zaleplon.
(32) Zolpidem.
(e) Fenfluramine. Any material, compound, mixture, or preparation which contains any quantity
of the following substances, including its salts, isomers (whether optical, position, or geometric),
and salts of those isomers, whenever the existence of those salts, isomers, and salts of isomers is
possible:
(1) Fenfluramine.
(f) Stimulants. Unless specifically excepted or unless listed in another schedule, any material,
compound, mixture, or preparation which contains any quantity of the following substances
having a stimulant effect on the central nervous system, including its salts, isomers (whether
optical, position, or geometric), and salts of those isomers is possible within the specific chemical
designation:
(1) Diethylpropion.
(2) Mazindol.
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(3) Modafinil.
(4) Phentermine.
(5) Pemoline (including organometallic complexes and chelates thereof).
(6) Pipradrol.
(7) SPA ((-)-1-dimethylamino-1,2-diphenylethane).
(8) Cathine ((+)-norpseudoephedrine).
(g) Other substances. Unless specifically excepted or unless listed in another schedule, any
material, compound, mixture or preparation which contains any quantity of pentazocine,
including its salts.
11058. Schedule V Controlled Substances
(a) The controlled substances listed in this section are included in Schedule V.
(b) Schedule V shall consist of the drugs and other substances, by whatever official name,
common or usual name, chemical name, or brand name designated, listed in this section.
(c) Narcotic drugs containing nonnarcotic active medicinal ingredients. Any compound,
mixture, or preparation containing any of the following narcotic drugs, or their salts calculated as
the free anhydrous base or alkaloid, in limited quantities as set forth below, which shall include
one or more nonnarcotic active medicinal ingredients in sufficient proportion to confer upon the
compound, mixture, or preparation valuable medicinal qualities other than those possessed by
narcotic drugs alone:
(1) Not more than 200 milligrams of codeine per 100 milliliters or per 100 grams.
(2) Not more than 100 milligrams of dihydrocodeine per 100 milliliters or per 100 grams.
(3) Not more than 100 milligrams of ethylmorphine per 100 milliliters or per 100 grams.
(4) Not more than 2.5 milligrams of diphenoxylate and not less than 25 micrograms of atropine
sulfate per dosage unit.
(5) Not more than 100 milligrams of opium per 100 milliliters or per 100 grams.
(6) Not more than 0.5 milligram of difenoxin and not less than 25 micrograms of atropine
sulfate per dosage unit.
(d) Buprenorphine.
CHAPTER 3. REGULATION AND CONTROL
Article 1. Reporting
11100. Report of Certain Chemical: Chemicals Included; Exclusions; Penalties
(a) Any manufacturer, wholesaler, retailer, or other person or entity in this state that sells,
transfers, or otherwise furnishes any of the following substances to any person or entity in this
state or any other state shall submit a report to the Department of Justice of all of those
transactions:
(1) Phenyl-2-propanone.
(2) Methylamine.
(3) Ethylamine.
(4) D-lysergic acid.
(5) Ergotamine tartrate.
(6) Diethyl malonate.
(7) Malonic acid.
(8) Ethyl malonate.
(9) Barbituric acid.
(10) Piperidine.
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(11) N-acetylanthranilic acid.
(12) Pyrrolidine.
(13) Phenylacetic acid.
(14) Anthranilic acid.
(15) Morpholine.
(16) Ephedrine.
(17) Pseudoephedrine.
(18) Norpseudoephedrine.
(19) Phenylpropanolamine.
(20) Propionic anhydride.
(21) Isosafrole.
(22) Safrole.
(23) Piperonal.
(24) Thionylchloride.
(25) Benzyl cyanide.
(26) Ergonovine maleate.
(27) N-methylephedrine.
(28) N-ethylephedrine.
(29) N-methylpseudoephedrine.
(30) N-ethylpseudoephedrine.
(31) Chloroephedrine.
(32) Chloropseudoephedrine.
(33) Hydriodic acid.
(34) Gamma-butyrolactone, including butyrolactone; butyrolactone gamma; 4-butyrolactone;
2(3H)-furanone dihydro; dihydro-2 (3H)-furanone; tetrahydro-2-furanone; 1,2-butanolide; 1,4­
butanolide; 4-butanolide; gammahydroxybutyric acid lactone; 3-hydroxybutyric acid lactone and
4-hydroxybutanoic acid lactone with Chemical Abstract Service number (96-48-0).
(35) 1,4-butanediol, including butanediol; butane-1,4-diol; 1,4-butylene glycol; butylene glycol;
1,4-dihydroxybutane; 1,4-tetramethylene glycol; tetramethylene glycol; tetramethylene 1,4-diol
with Chemical Abstract Service number (110-63-4).
(36) Red phosphorus, including white phosphorus, hypophosphorous acid and its salts,
ammonium hypophosphite, calcium hypophosphite, iron hypophosphite, potassium
hypophosphite, manganese hypophosphite, magnesium hypophosphite, sodium hypophosphite,
and phosphorous acid and its salts.
(37) Iodine or tincture of iodine.
(38) Any of the substances listed by the Department of Justice in regulations promulgated
pursuant to subdivision (b).
(b) The Department of Justice may adopt rules and regulations in accordance with Chapter 3.5
(commencing with Section 11340) of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code that
add substances to subdivision (a) if the substance is a precursor to a controlled substance and
delete substances from subdivision (a). However, no regulation adding or deleting a substance
shall have any effect beyond March 1 of the year following the calendar year during which the
regulation was adopted.
(c) (1) (A) Any manufacturer, wholesaler, retailer, or other person or entity in this state, prior to
selling, transferring, or otherwise furnishing any substance specified in subdivision (a) to any
person or business entity in this state or any other state, shall require (A) a letter of authorization
from that person or business entity that includes the currently valid business license number or
federal Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) registration number, the address of the
business, and a full description of how the substance is to be used, and (B) proper identification
from the purchaser. The manufacturer, wholesaler, retailer, or other person or entity in this state
shall retain this information in a readily available manner for three years. The requirement for a
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full description of how the substance is to be used does not require the person or business entity
to reveal their chemical processes that are typically considered trade secrets and proprietary
information.
(B) For the purposes of this paragraph, "proper identification" for in-state or out-of-state
purchasers includes two or more of the following: federal tax identification number; seller's
permit identification number; city or county business license number; license issued by the
California Department of Health Services; registration number issued by the Federal Drug
Enforcement Administration; precursor business permit number issued by the Bureau of Narcotic
Enforcement of the California Department of Justice; driver's license; or other identification
issued by a state.
(2) (A) Any manufacturer, wholesaler, retailer, or other person or entity in this state that
exports a substance specified in subdivision (a) to any person or business entity located in a
foreign country shall, on or before the date of exportation, submit to the Department of Justice a
notification of that transaction, which notification shall include the name and quantity of the
substance to be exported and the name, address, and, if assigned by the foreign country or
subdivision thereof, business identification number of the person or business entity located in a
foreign country importing the substance.
(B) The department may authorize the submission of the notification on a monthly basis with
respect to repeated, regular transactions between an exporter and an importer involving a
substance specified in subdivision (a), if the department determines that a pattern of regular
supply of the substance exists between the exporter and importer and that the importer has
established a record of utilization of the substance for lawful purposes.
(d) (1) Any manufacturer, wholesaler, retailer, or other person or entity in this state that sells,
transfers, or otherwise furnishes a substance specified in subdivision (a) to a person or business
entity in this state or any other state shall, not less than 21 days prior to delivery of the substance,
submit a report of the transaction, which includes the identification information specified in
subdivision (c), to the Department of Justice. The Department of Justice may authorize the
submission of the reports on a monthly basis with respect to repeated, regular transactions
between the furnisher and the recipient involving the substance or substances if the Department of
Justice determines that a pattern of regular supply of the substance or substances exists between
the manufacturer, wholesaler, retailer, or other person or entity that sells, transfers, or otherwise
furnishes the substance or substances and the recipient of the substance or substances, and the
recipient has established a record of utilization of the substance or substances for lawful purposes.
(2) The person selling, transferring, or otherwise furnishing any substance specified in
subdivision (a) shall affix his or her signature or otherwise identify himself or herself as a witness
to the identification of the purchaser or purchasing individual, and shall, if a common carrier is
used, maintain a manifest of the delivery to the purchaser for three years.
(e) This section shall not apply to any of the following:
(1) Any pharmacist or other authorized person who sells or furnishes a substance upon the
prescription of a physician, dentist, podiatrist, or veterinarian.
(2) Any physician, dentist, podiatrist, or veterinarian who administers or furnishes a substance
to his or her patients.
(3) Any manufacturer or wholesaler licensed by the California State Board of Pharmacy that
sells, transfers, or otherwise furnishes a substance to a licensed pharmacy, physician, dentist,
podiatrist, or veterinarian, or a retail distributor as defined in subdivision (h), provided that the
manufacturer or wholesaler submits records of any suspicious sales or transfers as determined by
the Department of Justice.
(4) Any analytical research facility that is registered with the federal Drug Enforcement
Administration of the United States Department of Justice.
(5) A state-licensed health care facility that administers or furnishes a substance to its patients.
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(6) (A) Any sale, transfer, furnishing, or receipt of any product that contains ephedrine,
pseudoephedrine, norpseudoephedrine, or phenylpropanolamine and which is lawfully sold,
transferred, or furnished over the counter without a prescription pursuant to the federal Food,
Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. Sec. 301 et seq.) or regulations adopted thereunder. However,
this section shall apply to preparations in solid or liquid dosage form, except pediatric liquid
forms, as defined, containing ephedrine, pseudoephedrine, norpseudoephedrine, or
phenylpropanolamine where the individual transaction involves more than three packages or nine
grams of ephedrine, pseudoephedrine, norpseudoephedrine, or phenylpropanolamine.
(B) Any ephedrine, pseudoephedrine, norpseudoephedrine, or phenylpropanolamine product
subsequently removed from exemption pursuant to Section 814 of Title 21 of the United States
Code shall similarly no longer be exempt from any state reporting or permitting requirement,
unless otherwise reinstated pursuant to subdivision (d) or (e) of Section 814 of Title 21 of the
United States Code as an exempt product.
(7) The sale, transfer, furnishing, or receipt of any betadine or povidone solution with an iodine
content not exceeding 1 percent in containers of eight ounces or less, or any tincture of iodine not
exceeding 2 percent in containers of one ounce or less, that is sold over the counter.
(8) Any transfer of a substance specified in subdivision (a) for purposes of lawful disposal as
waste.
(f) (1) Any person specified in subdivision (a) or (d) who does not submit a report as required by
that subdivision or who knowingly submits a report with false or fictitious information shall be
punished by imprisonment in a county jail not exceeding six months, by a fine not exceeding five
thousand dollars ($5,000), or by both the fine and imprisonment.
(2) Any person specified in subdivision (a) or (d) who has previously been convicted of a
violation of paragraph (1) shall, upon a subsequent conviction thereof, be punished by
imprisonment in the state prison, or by imprisonment in a county jail not exceeding one year, by a
fine not exceeding one hundred thousand dollars ($100,000), or by both the fine and
imprisonment.
(g) (1) Except as otherwise provided in subparagraph (A) of paragraph (6) of subdivision (e), it
is unlawful for any manufacturer, wholesaler, retailer, or other person to sell, transfer, or
otherwise furnish a substance specified in subdivision (a) to a person under 18 years of age.
(2) Except as otherwise provided in subparagraph (A) of paragraph (6) of subdivision (e), it is
unlawful for any person under 18 years of age to possess a substance specified in subdivision (a).
(3) Notwithstanding any other law, it is unlawful for any retail distributor to (i) sell in a single
transaction more than three packages of a product that he or she knows to contain ephedrine,
pseudoephedrine, norpseudoephedrine, or phenylpropanolamine, or (ii) knowingly sell more than
nine grams of ephedrine, pseudoephedrine, norpseudoephedrine, or phenylpropanolamine, other
than pediatric liquids as defined. Except as otherwise provided in this section, the three package
per transaction limitation or nine gram per transaction limitation imposed by this paragraph shall
apply to any product that is lawfully sold, transferred, or furnished over the counter without a
prescription pursuant to the federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. Sec. 301 et seq.), or
regulations adopted thereunder, unless exempted from the requirements of the federal Controlled
Substances Act by the federal Drug Enforcement Administration pursuant to Section 814 of Title
21 of the United States Code.
(4) (A) A first violation of this subdivision is a misdemeanor.
(B) Any person who has previously been convicted of a violation of this subdivision shall,
upon a subsequent conviction thereof, be punished by imprisonment in a county jail not
exceeding one year, by a fine not exceeding ten thousand dollars ($10,000), or by both the fine
and imprisonment.
(h) For the purposes of this article, the following terms have the following meanings:
(1) "Drug store" is any entity described in Code 5912 of the Standard Industrial Classification
(SIC) Manual published by the United States Office of Management and Budget, 1987 edition.
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(2) "General merchandise store" is any entity described in Codes 5311 to 5399, inclusive, and
Code 5499 of the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) Manual published by the United States
Office of Management and Budget, 1987 edition.
(3) "Grocery store" is any entity described in Code 5411 of the Standard Industrial
Classification (SIC) Manual published by the United States Office of Management and Budget,
1987 edition.
(4) "Pediatric liquid" means a nonencapsulated liquid whose unit measure according to product
labeling is stated in milligrams, ounces, or other similar measure. In no instance shall the dosage
units exceed 15 milligrams of phenylpropanolamine or pseudoephedrine per five milliliters of
liquid product, except for liquid products primarily intended for administration to children under
two years of age for which the recommended dosage unit does not exceed two milliliters and the
total package content does not exceed one fluid ounce.
(5) "Retail distributor" means a grocery store, general merchandise store, drugstore, or other
related entity, the activities of which, as a distributor of ephedrine, pseudoephedrine,
norpseudoephedrine, or phenylpropanolamine products, are limited exclusively to the sale of
ephedrine, pseudoephedrine, norpseudoephedrine, or phenylpropanolamine products for personal
use both in number of sales and volume of sales, either directly to walkin customers or in face-to­
face transactions by direct sales. "Retail distributor" includes an entity that makes a direct sale,
but does not include the parent company of that entity if the company is not involved in direct
sales regulated by this article.
(6) "Sale for personal use" means the sale in a single transaction to an individual customer for a
legitimate medical use of a product containing ephedrine, pseudoephedrine, norpseudoephedrine,
or phenylpropanolamine in dosages at or below that specified in paragraph (3) of subdivision (g).
"Sale for personal use" also includes the sale of those products to employers to be dispensed to
employees from first-aid kits or medicine chests.
(i) It is the intent of the Legislature that this section shall preempt all local ordinances or
regulations governing the sale by a retail distributor of over-the-counter products containing
ephedrine, pseudoephedrine, norpseudoephedrine, or phenylpropanolamine.
11100.05. Drug Cleanup Fine
(a) In addition to any fine or imprisonment imposed under subdivision (f) of Section 11100 or
subdivision (j) of Section 11106 of the Health and Safety Code, the following drug cleanup fine
shall be imposed:
(1) Ten thousand dollars ($10,000) for violations described in paragraph (1) of subdivision (f)
of Section 11100.
(2) One hundred thousand dollars ($100,000) for violations described in paragraph (2) of
subdivision (f) of Section 11100.
(3) Ten thousand dollars ($10,000) for violations described in subdivision (j) of Section 11106.
(b) At least once a month, all fines collected under this section shall be transferred to the State
Treasury for deposit in the Clandestine Drug Lab Clean-up Account. The transmission to the
State Treasury shall be carried out in the same manner as fines collected for the state by a county.
11100.1. Report of Chemicals Received from Outside State; Penalties
(a) Any manufacturer, wholesaler, retailer, or other person or entity in this state that obtains
from a source outside of this state any substance specified in subdivision (a) of Section 11100
shall submit a report of that transaction to the Department of Justice 21 days in advance of
obtaining the substance. However, the Department of Justice may authorize the submission of
reports within 72 hours, or within a timeframe and in a manner acceptable to the Department of
Justice, after the actual physical obtaining of a specified substance with respect to repeated
transactions between a furnisher and an obtainer involving the substances, if the Department of
Justice determines that the obtainer has established a record of utilization of the substances for
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lawful purposes. This section does not apply to any person whose prescribing or dispensing
activities are subject to the reporting requirements set forth in Section 11164; any manufacturer or
wholesaler who is licensed by the California State Board of Pharmacy and also registered with
the federal Drug Enforcement Administration of the United States Department of Justice; any
analytical research facility that is registered with the federal Drug Enforcement Administration of
the United States Department of Justice; or any state-licensed health care facility.
(b) (1) Any person specified in subdivision (a) who does not submit a report as required by that
subdivision shall be
punished by imprisonment in a county jail not exceeding six months, by a fine not exceeding five
thousand dollars ($5,000), or by both that fine and imprisonment.
(2) Any person specified in subdivision (a) who has been previously convicted of a violation of
subdivision (a) who subsequently does not submit a report as required by subdivision (a) shall be
punished by imprisonment in the state prison, or by imprisonment in a county jail not exceeding
one year, by a fine not exceeding one hundred thousand dollars ($100,000), or by both that fine
and imprisonment.
11101. Reporting Form Contents
The State Department of Justice shall provide a common reporting form for the substances in
Section 11100 which contains at least the following information:
(a) Name of the substance.
(b) Quantity of the substance sold, transferred, or furnished.
(c) The date the substance was sold, transferred, or furnished.
(d) The name and address of the person buying or receiving such substance.
(e) The name and address of the manufacturer, wholesaler, retailer, or other person selling,
transferring, or furnishing such substance.
11102. Adoption of Necessary Regulations
The Department of Justice may adopt all regulations necessary to carry out the provisions of this
part.
11103. Report of Theft, Loss, or Shipping Discrepancy
The theft or loss of any substance regulated pursuant to Section 11100 discovered by any
permittee or any person regulated by the provisions of this chapter shall be reported in writing to
the Department of Justice within three days after the discovery. Any difference between the
quantity of any substance regulated pursuant to Section 11100 received and the quantity shipped
shall be reported in writing to the Department of Justice within three days of the receipt of actual
knowledge of the discrepancy.
Any report made pursuant to this section shall also include the name of the common carrier or
person who transports the substance and date of shipment of the substance.
11104. Providing Chemical for Illicit Manufacturing: Evasion of Reporting Requirements;
Penalties
(a) Any manufacturer, wholesaler, retailer, or other person or entity that sells, transfers, or
otherwise furnishes any of the substances listed in subdivision (a) of Section 11100 with
knowledge or the intent that the recipient will use the substance to unlawfully manufacture a
controlled substance is guilty of a felony.
(b) Any manufacturer, wholesaler, retailer, or other person or entity that sells, transfers, or
otherwise furnishes any laboratory glassware or apparatus, any chemical reagent or solvent, or
any combination thereof, or any chemical substance specified in Section 11107.1, with
knowledge that the recipient will use the goods or chemical substance to unlawfully manufacture
a controlled substance, is guilty of a misdemeanor.
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(c) Any person who receives or distributes any substance listed in subdivision (a) of Section
11100, or any laboratory glassware or apparatus, any chemical reagent or solvent, or any
combination thereof, or any chemical substance specified in Section 11107.1, with the intent of
causing the evasion of the recordkeeping or reporting requirements of this article, is guilty of a
misdemeanor.
11104.5. Illegal Possession of Certain Glassware or Lab Apparatus
Any person who knowingly or intentionally possesses any laboratory glassware or apparatus,
any chemical reagent or solvent, or any combination thereof, or any chemical substance specified
in paragraph (36) or (37) of subdivision (a) of Section 11100, Section 11107, or Section 11107.1,
with the intent to manufacture a controlled substance, is guilty of a misdemeanor.
11105. False Statement in Report
(a) It is unlawful for any person to knowingly make a false statement in connection with any
report or record required under this article.
(b) (1) Any person who violates this section shall be punished by imprisonment in the state
prison, or by imprisonment in the county jail not exceeding one year, or by a fine not exceeding
five thousand dollars ($5,000), or by both such fine and imprisonment.
(2) Any person who has been previously convicted of violating this section and who
subsequently violates this section shall be punished by imprisonment in the state prison for two,
three, or four years, or by a fine not exceeding one hundred thousand dollars ($100,000), or by
both such fine and imprisonment.
11106. Permit for Providing Chemicals; Process; Discipline; Renewal and Fees
(a) (1) (A) Any manufacturer, wholesaler, retailer, or any other person or entity in this state that
sells, transfers, or otherwise furnishes any substance specified in subdivision (a) of Section 11100
to a person or business entity in this state or any other state or who obtains from a source outside
of the state any substance specified in subdivision (a) of Section 11100 shall submit an
application to, and obtain a permit for the conduct of that business from, the Department of
Justice. For any substance added to the list set forth in subdivision (a) of Section 11100 on or
after January 1, 2002, the Department of Justice may postpone the effective date of the
requirement for a permit for a period not to exceed six months from the listing date of the
substance.
(B) An intracompany transfer does not require a permit if the transferor is a permittee.
Transfers between company partners or between a company and an analytical laboratory do not
require a permit if the transferor is a permittee and a report as to the nature and extent of the
transfer is made to the Department of Justice pursuant to Section 11100 or 11100.1.
(C) This paragraph shall not apply to any manufacturer, wholesaler, or wholesale distributor
who is licensed by the California State Board of Pharmacy and also registered with the federal
Drug Enforcement Administration of the United States Department of Justice; any pharmacist or
other authorized person who sells or furnishes a substance upon the prescription of a physician,
dentist, podiatrist, or veterinarian; any state-licensed health care facility, physician, dentist,
podiatrist, veterinarian, or veterinary food-animal drug retailer licensed by the California State
Board of Pharmacy that administers or furnishes a substance to a patient; or any analytical
research facility that is registered with the federal Drug Enforcement Administration of the
United States Department of Justice.
(D) This paragraph shall not apply to the sale, transfer, furnishing, or receipt of any betadine
or povidone solution with an iodine content not exceeding 1 percent in containers of eight ounces
or less, or any tincture of iodine not exceeding 2 percent in containers of one ounce or less, that is
sold over the counter.
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(2) Except as provided in paragraph (3), no permit shall be required of any manufacturer,
wholesaler, retailer, or other person or entity for the sale, transfer, furnishing, or obtaining of any
product which contains ephedrine, pseudoephedrine, norpseudoephedrine, or
phenylpropanolamine and which is lawfully sold, transferred, or furnished over the counter
without a prescription or by a prescription pursuant to the federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act
(21 U.S.C. Sec. 301 et seq.) or regulations adopted thereunder.
(3) A permit shall be required for the sale, transfer, furnishing, or obtaining of preparations in
solid or liquid dosage form containing ephedrine, pseudoephedrine, norpseudoephedrine, or
phenylpropanolamine, unless (A) thetransaction involves the sale of ephedrine, pseudoephedrine,
norpseudoephedrine, or phenylpropanolamine products by retail distributors as defined by this
article over the counter and without a prescription, or (B) the transaction is made by a person or
business entity exempted from the permitting requirements of this subdivision under paragraph
(1).
(b) (1) The department shall provide application forms, which are to be completed under penalty
of perjury, in order to obtain information relating to the identity of any applicant applying for a
permit, including, but not limited to, the business name of the applicant or the individual name,
and if a corporate entity, the names of its board of directors, the business in which the applicant is
engaged, the business address of the applicant, a full description of any substance to be sold,
transferred, or otherwise furnished or to be obtained, the specific purpose for the use, sale, or
transfer of those substances specified in subdivision (a) of Section 11100, the training,
experience, or education relating to this use, and any additional information requested by the
department relating to possible grounds for denial as set forth in this section, or by applicable
regulations adopted by the department.
(2) The requirement for the specific purpose for the use, sale, or transfer of those substances
specified in subdivision (a) of Section 11100 does not require applicants or permittees to reveal
their chemical processes that are typically considered trade secrets and proprietary business
information.
(c) Applicants and permittees shall authorize the department, or any of its duly authorized
representatives, as a condition of being permitted, to make any examination of the books and
records of any applicant, permittee, or other person, or visit and inspect the business premises of
any applicant or permittee during normal business hours, as deemed necessary to enforce this
chapter.
(d) An application may be denied, or a permit may be revoked or suspended, for reasons which
include, but are not limited to, the following:
(1) Materially falsifying an application for a permit or an application for the renewal of a
permit.
(2) If any individual owner, manager, agent, representative, or employee for the applicant who
has direct access, management, or control for any substance listed under subdivision (a) of
Section 11100, is or has been convicted of a misdemeanor or felony relating to any of the
substances listed under subdivision (a) of Section 11100, any misdemeanor drug-related offense,
or any felony under the laws of this state or the United States.
(3) Failure to maintain effective controls against the diversion of precursors to unauthorized
persons or entities.
(4) Failure to comply with this article or any regulations of the department adopted thereunder.
(5) Failure to provide the department, or any duly authorized federal or state official, with
access to any place for which a permit has been issued, or for which an application for a permit
has been submitted, in the course of conducting a site investigation, inspection, or audit; or failure
to promptly produce for the official conducting the site investigation, inspection, or audit any
book, record, or document requested by the official.
(6) Failure to provide adequate documentation of a legitimate business purpose involving the
applicant's or permittee's use of any substance listed in subdivision (a) of Section 11100.
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(7) Commission of any act which would demonstrate actual or potential unfitness to hold a
permit in light of the public safety and welfare, which act is substantially related to the
qualifications, functions, or duties of a permitholder.
(8) If any individual owner, manager, agent, representative, or employee for the applicant who
has direct access, management, or control for any substance listed under subdivision (a) of
Section 11100, willfully violates or has been convicted of violating, any federal, state, or local
criminal statute, rule, or ordinance regulating the manufacture, maintenance, disposal, sale,
transfer, or furnishing of any of those substances.
(e) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, an investigation of an individual applicant's
qualifications, or the qualifications of an applicant's owner, manager, agent, representative, or
employee who has direct access, management, or control of any substance listed under
subdivision (a) of Section 11100, for a permit may include review of his or her summary criminal
history information pursuant to Sections 11105 and 13300 of the Penal Code, including, but not
limited to, records of convictions, regardless of whether those convictions have been expunged
pursuant to Section 1203.4 of the Penal Code, and any arrests pending adjudication.
(f) The department may retain jurisdiction of a canceled or expired permit in order to proceed
with any investigation or disciplinary action relating to a permittee.
(g) The department may grant permits on forms prescribed by it, which shall be effective for not
more than one year from the date of issuance and which shall not be transferable. Applications
and permits shall be uniform throughout the state, on forms prescribed by the department.
(h) Each applicant shall pay at the time of filing an application for a permit a fee determined by
the department which shall not exceed the application processing costs of the department.
(i) A permit granted pursuant to this article may be renewed one year from the date of issuance,
and annually thereafter, following the timely filing of a complete renewal application with all
supporting documents, the payment of a permit renewal fee not to exceed the application
processing costs of the department, and a review of the application by the department.
(j) Selling, transferring, or otherwise furnishing or obtaining any substance specified in
subdivision (a) of Section 11100 without a permit is a misdemeanor or a felony.
(k) (1) No person under 18 years of age shall be eligible for a permit under this section.
(2) No business for which a permit has been issued shall employ a person under 18 years of age
in the capacity of a manager, agent, or representative.
(l) (1) An applicant, or an applicant's employees who have direct access, management, or control
of any substance listed under subdivision (a) of Section 11100, for an initial permit shall submit
with the application one set of 10-print fingerprints for each individual acting in the capacity of
an owner, manager, agent, or representative for the applicant, unless the applicant's employees are
exempted from this requirement by the Department of Justice. These exemptions may only be
obtained upon the written request of the applicant.
(2) In the event of subsequent changes in ownership, management, or employment, the
permittee shall notify the department in writing within 15 calendar days of the changes, and shall
submit one set of 10-print fingerprints for each individual not previously fingerprinted under this
section.
11106.5. Order Suspending or Imposing Permit Restrictions
(a) The Bureau of Narcotic Enforcement, or an administrative law judge sitting alone as
provided in subdivision (h), may upon petition issue an interim order suspending any permittee or
imposing permit restrictions. The petition shall include affidavits that demonstrate, to the
satisfaction of the bureau, both of the following:
(1) The permittee has engaged in acts or omissions constituting a violation of this code or has
been convicted of a crime substantially related to the permitted activity.
(2) Permitting the permittee to operate, or to continue to operate without restrictions, would
endanger the public health, safety, or welfare.
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(b) No interim order provided for in this section shall be issued without notice to the permittee,
unless it appears from the petition and supporting documents that serious injury would result to
the public before the matter could be heard on notice.
(c) Except as provided in subdivision (b), the permittee shall be given at least 15 days' notice of
the hearing on the petition for an interim order. The notice shall include documents submitted to
the bureau in support of the petition. If the order was initially issued without notice as provided in
subdivision (b), the permittee shall be entitled to a hearing on the petition within 20 days of the
issuance of the interim order without notice. The permittee shall be given notice of the hearing
within two days after issuance of the initial interim order, and shall receive all documents in
support of the petition. The failure of the bureau to provide a hearing within 20 days following
issuance of the interim order without notice, unless the permittee waives his or her right to the
hearing, shall result in the dissolution of the interim order by operation of law.
(d) At the hearing on the petition for an interim order, the permittee may do the following:
(1) Be represented by counsel.
(2) Have a record made of the proceedings, copies of which shall be available to the permittee
upon payment of costs computed in accordance with the provisions for transcript costs for judicial
review contained in Section 11523 of the Government Code.
(3) Present affidavits and other documentary evidence.
(4) Present oral argument.
(e) The bureau, or an administrative law judge sitting alone as provided in subdivision (h), shall
issue a decision on the petition for interim order within five business days following submission
of the matter. The standard of proof required to obtain an interim order pursuant to this section
shall be a preponderance of the evidence standard. If the interim order was previously issued
without notice, the bureau shall determine whether the order shall remain in effect, be dissolved,
or be modified.
(f) The bureau shall file an accusation within 15 days of the issuance of an interim order. In the
case of an interim order issued without notice, the time shall run from the date of the order issued
after the noticed hearing. If the permittee files a notice of defense, the hearing shall be held within
30 days of the agency's receipt of the notice of defense. A decision shall be rendered on the
accusation no later than 30 days after submission of the matter. Failure to comply with any of the
requirements in this subdivision shall dissolve the interim order by operation of law.
(g) Interim orders shall be subject to judicial review pursuant to Section 1094.5 of the Code of
Civil Procedure and shall be heard only in the superior court in and for the County of Sacramento,
San Francisco, Los Angeles, or San Diego. The review of an interim order shall be limited to a
determination of whether the bureau abused its discretion in the issuance of the interim order.
Abuse of discretion is established if the respondent bureau has not proceeded in the manner
required by law, or if the court determines that the interim order is not supported by substantial
evidence in light of the whole record.
(h) The bureau may, in its sole discretion, delegate the hearing on any petition for an interim
order to an administrative law judge in the Office of Administrative Hearings. If the bureau hears
the noticed petition itself, an administrative law judge shall preside at the hearing, rule on the
admission and exclusion of evidence, and advise the bureau on matters of law. The bureau shall
exercise all other powers relating to the conduct of the hearing, but may delegate any or all of
them to the administrative law judge. When the petition has been delegated to an administrative
law judge, he or she shall sit alone and exercise all of the powers of the bureau relating to the
conduct of the hearing. A decision issued by an administrative law judge sitting alone shall be
final when it is filed with the bureau. If the administrative law judge issues an interim order
without notice, he or she shall preside at the noticed hearing, unless unavailable, in which case
another administrative law judge may hear the matter. The decision of the administrative law
judge sitting alone on the petition for an interim order is final, subject only to judicial review in
accordance with subdivision (g).
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(i) Failure to comply with an interim order issued pursuant to subdivision (a) or (b) shall
constitute a separate cause for disciplinary action against any permittee, and may be heard at, and
as a part of, the noticed hearing provided for in subdivision (f). Allegations of noncompliance
with the interim order may be filed at any time prior to the rendering of a decision on the
accusation. Violation of the interim order is established upon proof that the permittee was on
notice of the interim order and its terms, and that the order was in effect at the time of the
violation. The finding of a violation of an interim order made at the hearing on the accusation
shall be reviewed as a part of any review of a final decision of the bureau. If the interim order
issued by the bureau provides for anything less than a complete suspension of the permittee and
the permittee violates the interim order prior to the hearing on the accusation provided for in
subdivision (f), the bureau may, upon notice to the permittee and proof of violation, modify or
expand the interim order.
(j) A plea or verdict of guilty or a conviction after a plea of nolo contendere is deemed to be a
conviction within the meaning of this section. A certified record of the conviction shall be
conclusive evidence of the fact that the conviction occurred. The bureau may take action under
this section notwithstanding the fact that an appeal of the conviction may be taken.
(k) The interim orders provided for by this section shall be in addition to, and not a limitation
on, the authority to seek injunctive relief provided in any other provision of law.
11106.7. System for DOJ Citations to Permittees; Order of Abatement or Order to Pay
Fine; System Requirements
(a) The Department of Justice may establish, by regulation, a system for the issuance to a
permittee of a citation which may contain an order of abatement or an order to pay an
administrative fine assessed by the Department of Justice, if the permittee is in violation of any
provision of this chapter or any regulation adopted by the Department of Justice pursuant to this
chapter.
(b) The system shall contain the following provisions:
(1) Citations shall be in writing and shall describe with particularity the nature of the violation,
including specific reference to the provision of law or regulation of the department determined to
have been violated.
(2) Whenever appropriate, the citation shall contain an order of abatement fixing a reasonable
time for abatement of the violation.
(3) In no event shall the administrative fine assessed by the department exceed two thousand
five hundred dollars ($2,500) for each violation. In assessing a fine, due consideration shall be
given to the appropriateness of the amount of the fine with respect to such factors as the gravity
of the violation, the good faith of the permittee, and the history of previous violations.
(4) An order of abatement or a fine assessment issued pursuant to a citation shall inform the
permittee that if the permittee desires a hearing to contest the finding of a violation, that hearing
shall be requested by written notice to the department within 30 days of the date of issuance of
the citation or assessment. Hearings shall be held pursuant to Chapter 5 (commencing with
Section 11500) of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code.
(5) In addition to requesting a hearing, the permittee may, within 10 days after service of the
citation, request in writing an opportunity for an informal conference with the department
regarding the citation. At the conclusion of the informal conference, the department may affirm,
modify, or dismiss the citation, including any fine levied or order of abatement issued. The
decision shall be deemed to be a final order with regard to the citation issued, including the fine
levied and the order of abatement. However, the permittee does not waive its right to request a
hearing to contest a citation by requesting an informal conference. If the citation is dismissed
after the informal conference, the request for a hearing on the matter of the citation shall be
deemed to be withdrawn. If the citation, including any fine levied or order of abatement, is
modified, the citation originally issued shall be considered withdrawn and a new citation issued.
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If a hearing is requested for a subsequent citation, it shall be requested within 30 days of service
of that subsequent citation.
(6) Failure of a permittee to pay a fine within 30 days of the date of assessment or comply with
an order of abatement within the fixed time, unless the citation is being appealed, may result in
disciplinary action being taken by the department. If a citation is not contested and a fine is not
paid, the full amount of the assessed fine shall be added to the renewal of the permit. A permit
shall not be renewed without payment of the renewal fee and fine.
(c) The system may contain the following provisions:
(1) A citation may be issued without the assessment of an administrative fine.
(2) Assessment of administrative fines may be limited to only particular violations of the law
or department regulations.
(d) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, if a fine is paid to satisfy an assessment based
on the finding of a violation, payment of the fine shall be represented as satisfactory resolution of
the matter for purposes of public disclosure.
(e) Administrative fines collected pursuant to this section shall be deposited in the General
Fund.
(f) The sanctions authorized under this section shall be separate from, and in addition to, any
other administrative, civil, or criminal remedies; however, a criminal action may not be initiated
for a specific offense if a citation has been issued pursuant to this section for that offense, and a
citation may not be issued pursuant to this section for a specific offense if a criminal action for
that offense has been filed.
(g) Nothing in this section shall be deemed to prevent the department from serving and
prosecuting an accusation to suspend or revoke a permit if grounds for that suspension or
revocation exist.
11107. Sale of Laboratory Items: Required Procedures and Records; Penalties for
Violation
(a) Any manufacturer, wholesaler, retailer, or other person or entity in this state that sells to any
person or entity in this state or any other state, any laboratory glassware or apparatus, any
chemical reagent or solvent, or any combination thereof, where the value of the goods sold in the
transaction exceeds one hundred dollars ($100) shall do the following:
(1) Notwithstanding any other law, in any face-to-face or will-call sale, the seller shall prepare
a bill of sale which identifies the date of sale, cost of product, method of payment, specific items
and quantities purchased, and the proper purchaser identification information, all of which shall
be entered onto the bill of sale or a legible copy of the bill of sale, and shall also affix on the bill
of sale his or her signature as witness to the purchase and identification of the purchaser.
(A) For the purposes of this section, "proper purchaser identification" includes a valid motor
vehicle operator's license or other official and valid state-issued identification of the purchaser
that contains a photograph of the purchaser, and includes the residential or mailing address of the
purchaser, other than a post office box number, the motor vehicle license number of the motor
vehicle used by the purchaser at the time of purchase, a description of how the substance is to be
used, and the signature of the purchaser.
(B) The seller shall retain the original bill of sale containing the purchaser identification
information for five years in a readily presentable manner, and present the bill of sale containing
the purchaser identification information upon demand by any law enforcement officer or
authorized representative of the Attorney General. Copies of these bills of sale obtained by
representatives of the Attorney General shall be maintained by the Department of Justice for a
period of not less than five years.
(2) (A) Notwithstanding any other law, in all sales other than face-to-face or will-call sales the
seller shall maintain for a period of five years the following sales information: the name and
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address of the purchaser, date of sale, product description, cost of product, method of payment,
method of delivery, delivery address, and valid identifying information.
(B) For the purposes of this paragraph, "valid identifying information" includes two or more
of the following: federal tax identification number; resale tax identification number; city or
county business license number; license issued by the State Department of Health Services;
registration number issued by the federal Drug Enforcement Administration; precursor business
permit number issued by the Bureau of Narcotic Enforcement of the Department of Justice; motor
vehicle operator's license; or other identification issued by a state.
(C) The seller shall, upon the request of any law enforcement officer or any authorized
representative of the Attorney General, produce a report or record of sale containing the
information in a readily presentable manner.
(D) If a common carrier is used, the seller shall maintain a manifest regarding the delivery in
a readily presentable manner and for a period of five years.
(b) This section shall not apply to any wholesaler who is licensed by the California State Board
of Pharmacy and registered with the federal Drug Enforcement Administration of the United
States Department of Justice and who sells laboratory glassware or apparatus, any chemical
reagent or solvent, or any combination thereof, to a licensed pharmacy, physician, dentist,
podiatrist, or veterinarian.
(c) A violation of this section is a misdemeanor. (d) For the purposes of this section, the
following terms have the following meanings:
(1) "Laboratory glassware" includes, but is not limited to, condensers, flasks, separatory
funnels, and beakers.
(2) "Apparatus" includes, but is not limited to, heating mantles, ring stands, and rheostats.
(3) "Chemical reagent" means a chemical that reacts chemically with one or more precursors,
but does not become part of the finished product.
(4) "Chemical solvent" means a chemical that does not react chemically with a precursor or
reagent and does not become part of the finished product. A "chemical solvent" helps other
chemicals mix, cools chemical reactions, and cleans the finished product.
11107.1. Requirements When Selling Specified Chemicals; Violation as Misdemeanor
(a) Any manufacturer, wholesaler, retailer, or other person or entity in this state that sells to any
person or entity in this state or any other state any quantity of sodium cyanide, potassium cyanide,
cyclohexanone, bromobenzene, magnesium turnings, mercuric chloride, sodium metal, lead
acetate, palladium black, hydrogen chloride gas, trichlorofluoromethane
(fluorotrichloromethane), dichlorodifluoromethane, 1,1,2-trichloro-1,2,2-trifluoroethane
(trichlorotrifluoroethane), sodium acetate, or acetic anhydride shall do the following:
(1) (A) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, in any face-to-face or will-call sale, the
seller shall prepare a bill of sale which identifies the date of sale, cost of sale, method of payment,
the specific items and quantities purchased and the proper purchaser identification information,
all of which shall be entered onto the bill of sale or a legible copy of the bill of sale, and shall also
affix on the bill of sale his or her signature as witness to the purchase and identification of the
purchaser.
(B) For the purposes of this paragraph, "proper purchaser identification" includes a valid
driver's license or other official and valid state-issued identification of the purchaser that contains
a photograph of the purchaser, and includes the residential or mailing address of the purchaser,
other than a post office box number, the motor vehicle license number of the motor vehicle used
by the purchaser at the time of purchase, a description of how the substance is to be used, the
Environmental Protection Agency certification number or resale tax identification number
assigned to the individual or business entity for which the individual is purchasing any
chlorofluorocarbon product, and the signature of the purchaser.
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(C) The seller shall retain the original bill of sale containing the purchaser identification
information for five years in a readily presentable manner, and present the bill of sale containing
the purchaser identification information upon demand by any law enforcement officer or
authorized representative of the Attorney General. Copies of these bills of sale obtained by
representatives of the Attorney General shall be maintained by the Department of Justice for a
period of not less than five years.
(2) (A) Notwithstanding any other law, in all sales other than face-to-face or will-call sales the
seller shall maintain for a period of five years the following sales information: the name and
address of the purchaser, date of sale, product description, cost of product, method of payment,
method of delivery, delivery address, and valid identifying information.
(B) For the purposes of this paragraph, "valid identifying information" includes two or more
of the following: federal tax identification number; resale tax identification number; city or
county business license number; license issued by the State Department of Health Services;
registration number issued by the federal Drug Enforcement Administration; precursor business
permit number issued by the Bureau of Narcotic Enforcement of the Department of Justice;
driver's license; or other identification issued by a state.
(C) The seller shall, upon the request of any law enforcement officer or any authorized
representative of the Attorney General, produce a report or record of sale containing the
information in a readily presentable manner.
(D) If a common carrier is used, the seller shall maintain a manifest regarding the delivery in
a readily presentable manner for a period of five years.
(b) Any manufacturer, wholesaler, retailer, or other person or entity in this state that purchases
any item listed in subdivision (a) of Section 11107.1 shall do the following:
(1) Provide on the record of purchase information on the source of the items purchased, the
date of purchase, a description of the specific items, the quantities of each item purchased, and
the cost of the items purchased.
(2) Retain the record of purchase for three years in a readily presentable manner and present
the record of purchase upon demand to any law enforcement officer or authorized representative
of the Attorney General.
(c) (1) A first violation of this section is a misdemeanor.
(2) Any person who has previously been convicted of a violation of this section shall, upon a
subsequent conviction thereof, be punished by imprisonment in a county jail not exceeding one
year, by a fine not exceeding one hundred thousand dollars ($100,000), or both the fine and
imprisonment.
11110. Sale of Dextromethorphan Prohibited to Those Under 18 Years of Age without
Prescription
(a) It shall be an infraction, punishable by a fine not exceeding two hundred fifty dollars ($250), for
any person, corporation, or retail distributor to willfully and knowingly supply, deliver, or give
possession of a drug, material, compound, mixture, preparation, or substance containing any quantity
of dextromethorphan (the dextrorotatory isomer of 3-methoxy-N-methylmorphinan, including its salts,
but not including its racemic or levorotatory forms) to a person under 18 years of age in an over-the­
counter sale without a prescription.
(b) It shall be prima facie evidence of a violation of this section if the person, corporation, or retail
distributor making the sale does not require and obtain bona fide evidence of majority and identity
from the purchaser, unless from the purchaser’s outward appearance the person making the sale would
reasonably presume the purchaser to be 25 years of age or older.
(c) Proof that a person, corporation, or retail distributor, or his or her agent or employee, demanded,
was shown, and acted in reasonable reliance upon, bona fide evidence of majority and identity shall be
a defense to any criminal prosecution under this section. As used in this section, “bona fide evidence
of majority and identity” means a document issued by a federal, state, county, or municipal
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government, or subdivision or agency thereof, including, but not limited to, a motor vehicle operator’s
license, California state identification card, identification card issued to a member of the Armed
Forces, or other form of identification that bears the name, date of birth, description, and picture of the
person.
(d) (1) Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, a retail clerk who fails to require and
obtain proof of age from the purchaser shall not be guilty of an infraction pursuant to subdivision (a)
or subject to any civil penalties.
(2) This subdivision shall not apply to a retail clerk who is a willful participant in an ongoing
criminal conspiracy to violate this section.
11111. Use of Cash Register with Age-Verification Feature for OTC Sale of
Dextromethorphan
A person, corporation, or retail distributor that sells or makes available products containing
dextromethorphan, as defined in subdivision (a) of Section 11110, in an over-the-counter sale without
a prescription shall, if feasible, use a cash register that is equipped with an age-verification feature to
monitor age-restricted items. The cash register shall be programmed to direct the retail clerk making
the sale to request bona fideevidence of majority and identity, as described in subdivision (c) of
Section 11110, before a product containing dextromethorphan may be purchased.
CHAPTER 4. PRESCRIPTIONS
Article 1 – Requirements of Prescriptions
11150. Persons Authorized to Write or Issue a Prescription
No person other than a physician, dentist, podiatrist, or veterinarian, or naturopathic doctor
acting pursuant to Section 3640.7 of the Business and Professions Code, or pharmacist acting
within the scope of a project authorized under Article 1 (commencing with Section 128125) of
Chapter 3 of Part 3 of Division 107 or within the scope of either Section 4052.1 or 4052.2 of the
Business and Professions Code, a registered nurse acting within the scope of a project authorized
under Article 1 (commencing with Section 128125) of Chapter 3 of Part 3 of Division 107, a
certified nurse-midwife acting within the scope of Section 2746.51 of the Business and
Professions Code, a nurse practitioner acting within the scope of Section 2836.1 of the Business
and Professions Code, a physician assistant acting within the scope of a project authorized under
Article 1 (commencing with Section 128125) of Chapter 3 of Part 3 of Division 107 or Section
3502.1 of the Business and Professions Code, a naturopathic doctor acting within the scope of
Section 3640.5 of the Business and Professions Code, or an optometrist acting within the scope of
Section 3041 of the Business and Professions Code, or an out-of-state prescriber acting pursuant
to Section 4005 of the Business and Professions Code shall write or issue a prescription.
11150.6. Methaqualone as Schedule I Controlled Substance
Notwithstanding Section 11150.5 or subdivision (a) of Section 11054, methaqualone, its salts,
isomers, and salts of its isomers shall be deemed to be classified in Schedule I for the purposes of
this chapter.
11151. Limitations on Filling Prescriptions From Medical Students
A prescription written by an unlicensed person lawfully practicing medicine pursuant to Section
2065 of the Business and Professions Code, shall be filled only at a pharmacy maintained in the
hospital which employs such unlicensed person.
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11152. Nonconforming Prescriptions Prohibited
No person shall write, issue, fill, compound, or dispense a prescription that does not conform to
this division.
11153. Responsibility for Legitimacy of Prescription; Corresponding Responsibility of
Pharmacist; Knowing Violation
(a) A prescription for a controlled substance shall only be issued for a legitimate medical
purpose by an individual practitioner acting in the usual course of his or her professional practice.
The responsibility for the proper prescribing and dispensing of controlled substances is upon the
prescribing practitioner, but a corresponding responsibility rests with the pharmacist who fills the
prescription. Except as authorized by this division, the following are not legal prescriptions: (1)
an order purporting to be a prescription which is issued not in the usual course of professional
treatment or in legitimate and authorized research; or (2) an order for an addict or habitual user of
controlled substances, which is issued not in the course of professional treatment or as part of an
authorized narcotic treatment program, for the purpose of providing the user with controlled
substances, sufficient to keep him or her comfortable by maintaining customary use.
(b) Any person who knowingly violates this section shall be punished by imprisonment in the
state prison or in the county jail not exceeding one year, or by a fine not exceeding twenty
thousand dollars ($20,000), or by both a fine and imprisonment.
(c) No provision of the amendments to this section enacted during the second year of the 1981­
82 Regular Session shall be construed as expanding the scope of practice of a pharmacist.
11153.5. Wholesaler or Manufacturer Furnishing Controlled Substance Other Than for
Legitimate Medical Purpose; Knowing Violation; Factors in Assessing Legitimacy
(a) No wholesaler or manufacturer, or agent or employee of a wholesaler or manufacturer, shall
furnish controlled substances for other than legitimate medical purposes.
(b) Anyone who violates this section knowing, or having a conscious disregard for the fact, that
the controlled substances are for other than a legitimate medical purpose shall be punishable by
imprisonment in the state prison, or in the county jail not exceeding one year, or by a fine not
exceeding twenty thousand dollars ($20,000), or by both a fine and imprisonment.
(c) Factors to be considered in determining whether a wholesaler or manufacturer, or agent or
employee of a wholesaler or manufacturer, furnished controlled substances knowing or having a
conscious disregard for the fact that the controlled substances are for other than legitimate
medical purposes shall include, but not be limited to, whether the use of controlled substances
was for purposes of increasing athletic ability or performance, the amount of controlled
substances furnished, the previous ordering pattern of the customer (including size and frequency
of orders), the type and size of the customer, and where and to whom the customer distributes the
product.
11154. Prescription, etc. Must Be for Treatment; Knowing Solicitation of Unlawful
Prescription, etc.
(a) Except in the regular practice of his or her profession, no person shall knowingly prescribe,
administer, dispense, or furnish a controlled substance to or for any person or animal which is not
under his or her treatment for a pathology or condition other than addiction to a controlled
substance, except as provided in this division.
(b) No person shall knowingly solicit, direct, induce, aid, or encourage a practitioner authorized
to write a prescription to unlawfully prescribe, administer, dispense, or furnish a controlled
substance.
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11155. Prohibition on Physician Prescribing, etc. Where Controlled Substance Privileges
Surrendered
Any physician, who by court order or order of any state or governmental agency, or who
voluntarily surrenders his controlled substance privileges, shall not possess, administer, dispense,
or prescribe a controlled substance unless and until such privileges have been restored, and he has
obtained current registration from the appropriate federal agency as provided by law.
11156 Prescribing, etc. Controlled Substances to Addict Only as Authorized
(a) Except as provided in Section 2241 of the Business and Professions Code, no person shall
prescribe for, or administer, or dispense a controlled substance to, an addict, or to any person
representing himself or herself as such, except as permitted by this division.
(b) (1) For purposes of this section, "addict" means a person whose actions are characterized by
craving in combination with one or more of the following:
(A) Impaired control over drug use.
(B) Compulsive use.
(C) Continued use despite harm.
(2) Notwithstanding paragraph (1), a person whose drug-seeking behavior is primarily due to
the inadequate control of pain is not an addict within the meaning of this section.
11157. No False or Fictitious Prescriptions
No person shall issue a prescription that is false or fictitious in any respect.
11158. Prescription Required for Schedule II, III, IV, or V Controlled Substance;
Exception for Limited Dispensing, Administration
(a) Except as provided in Section 11159 or in subdivision (b) of this section, no controlled
substance classified in Schedule II shall be dispensed without a prescription meeting the
requirements of this chapter. Except as provided in Section 11159 or when dispensed directly to
an ultimate user by a practitioner, other than a pharmacist or pharmacy, no controlled substance
classified in Schedule III, IV, or V may be dispensed without a prescription meeting the
requirements of this chapter.
(b) A practitioner specified in Section 11150 may dispense directly to an ultimate user a
controlled substance classified in Schedule II in an amount not to exceed a 72-hour supply for the
patient in accordance with directions for use given by the dispensing practitioner only where the
patient is not expected to require any additional amount of the controlled substance beyond the 72
hours. Practitioners dispensing drugs pursuant to this subdivision shall meet the requirements of
subdivision (f) of Section 11164.
(c) Except as otherwise prohibited or limited by law, a practitioner specified in Section 11150,
may administer controlled substances in the regular practice of his or her profession.
11159. Chart Order Exemption for Patient in County or Licensed Hospital; Maintaining
Record for Seven Years
An order for controlled substances for use by a patient in a county or licensed hospital shall be
exempt from all requirements of this article, but shall be in writing on the patient's record, signed
by the prescriber, dated, and shall state the name and quantity of the controlled substance ordered
and the quantity actually administered. The record of such orders shall be maintained as a hospital
record for a minimum of seven years.
11159.1. Chart Order Exemption for Clinic Patient; Maintaining Record for Seven Years
An order for controlled substances furnished to a patient in a clinic which has a permit issued
pursuant to Article 13 (commencing with Section 4180) of Chapter 9 of Division 2 of the
Business and Professions Code, except an order for a Schedule II controlled substance, shall be
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exempt from the prescription requirements of this article and shall be in writing on the patient's
record, signed by the prescriber, dated, and shall state the name and quantity of the controlled
substance ordered and the quantity actually furnished. The record of the order shall be maintained
as a clinic record for a minimum of seven years. This section shall apply only to a clinic that has
obtained a permit under the provisions of Article 13 (commencing with Section 4180) of Chapter
9 of Division 2 of the Business and Professions Code. Clinics that furnish controlled substances
shall be required to keep a separate record of the furnishing of those drugs which shall be
available for review and inspection by all properly authorized personnel.
11159.2. Exception to Controlled Substance Prescription Requirement; Terminally Ill
Patient
(a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a prescription for a controlled substance for use
by a patient who has a terminal illness may be written on a prescription form that does not meet
the requirements of Section 11162.1 if the prescription meets the following requirements:
(1) Contain the information specified in subdivision (a) of Section 11164.
(2) Indicate that the prescriber has certified that the patient is terminally ill by the words
"11159.2 exemption."
(b) A pharmacist may fill a prescription pursuant to this section when there is a technical error in
the certification required by paragraph (2) of subdivision (a), provided that he or she has personal
knowledge of the patient's terminal illness, and subsequently returns the prescription to the
prescriber for correction within 72 hours.
(c) For purposes of this section, "terminally ill" means a patient who meets all of the following
conditions:
(1) In the reasonable medical judgment of the prescribing physician, the patient has been
determined to be suffering from an illness that is incurable and irreversible.
(2) In the reasonable medical judgment of the prescribing physician, the patient's illness will, if
the illness takes its normal course, bring about the death of the patient within a period of one year.
(3) The patient's treatment by the physician prescribing a controlled substance pursuant to this
section primarily is for the control of pain, symptom management, or both, rather than for cure of
the illness.
(d) This section shall become operative on July 1, 2004.
11161. Controlled Substance Prescription Blanks; Issuance by Department; Unlawful
Possession; Restriction in Criminal Proceeding
(a) When a practitioner is named in a warrant of arrest or is charged in an accusatory pleading
with a felony violation of Section 11153, 11154, 11156, 11157, 11170, 11173, 11350, 11351,
11352, 11353, 11353.5, 11377, 11378, 11378.5, 11379, 11379.5, or 11379.6, the court in which
the accusatory pleading is filed or the magistrate who issued the warrant of arrest shall, upon the
motion of a law enforcement agency which is supported by reasonable cause, issue an order
which requires the practitioner to surrender to the clerk of the court all controlled substance
prescription forms in the practitioner's possession at a time set in the order and which prohibits
the practitioner from obtaining, ordering, or using any additional prescription forms. The law
enforcement agency obtaining the order shall notify the Department of Justice of this order.
Except as provided in subdivisions (b) and (e) of this section, the order shall remain in effect until
further order of the court. Any practitioner possessing prescription forms in violation of the order
is guilty of a misdemeanor.
(b) The order provided by subdivision (a) shall be vacated if the court or magistrate finds that
the underlying violation or violations are not supported by reasonable cause at a hearing held
within two court days after the practitioner files and personally serves upon the prosecuting
attorney and the law enforcement agency that obtained the order, a notice of motion to vacate the
order with any affidavits on which the practitioner relies. At the hearing, the burden of proof, by a
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preponderance of the evidence, is on the prosecution. Evidence presented at the hearing shall be
limited to the warrant of arrest with supporting affidavits, the motion to require the defendant to
surrender controlled substance prescription forms and to prohibit the defendant from obtaining,
ordering, or using controlled substance prescription forms, with supporting affidavits, the sworn
complaint together with any documents or reports incorporated by reference thereto which, if
based on information and belief, state the basis for the information, or any other documents of
similar reliability as well as affidavits and counter affidavits submitted by the prosecution and
defense. Granting of the motion to vacate the order is no bar to prosecution of the alleged
violation or violations.
(c) The defendant may elect to challenge the order issued under subdivision (a) at the
preliminary examination. At that hearing, the evidence shall be limited to that set forth in
subdivision (b) and any other evidence otherwise admissible at the preliminary examination.
(d) If the practitioner has not moved to vacate the order issued under subdivision (a) by the time
of the preliminary examination and he or she is held to answer on the underlying violation or
violations, the practitioner shall be precluded from afterwards moving to vacate the order. If the
defendant is not held to answer on the underlying charge or charges at the conclusion of the
preliminary examination, the order issued under subdivision (a) shall be vacated.
(e) Notwithstanding subdivision (d), any practitioner who is diverted pursuant to Chapter 2.5
(commencing with Section 1000) of Title 7 of Part 2 of the Penal Code may file a motion to
vacate the order issued under subdivision (a).
(f) This section shall become operative on November 1, 2004.
11161.5. Prescription Forms for Controlled Substance Prescriptions; Requirements
(a) Prescription forms for controlled substance prescriptions shall be obtained from security
printers approved by the Department of Justice.
(b) The department may approve security printer applications after the applicant has provided
the following information:
(1) Name, address, and telephone number of the applicant.
(2) Policies and procedures of the applicant for verifying the identity of the prescriber ordering
controlled substance prescription forms.
(3) Policies and procedures of the applicant for verifying delivery of controlled substance
prescription forms to prescribers.
(4) (A) The location, names, and titles of the applicant's agent for service of process in this
state; all principal corporate officers, if any; all managing general partners, if any; and any
individual owner, partner, corporate officer, manager, agent, representative, employee, or
subcontractor of the applicant who has direct access to, or management or control of, controlled
substance prescription forms.
(B) A report containing this information shall be made on an annual basis and within 30 days
after any change of office, principal corporate officers, managing general partner, or of any
person described in subparagraph (A).
(5) (A) A signed statement indicating whether the applicant, any principal corporate officer,
any managing general partner, or any individual owner, partner, corporate officer, manager,
agent, representative, employee, or subcontractor of the applicant who has direct access to, or
management or control of, controlled substance prescription forms, has ever been convicted of, or
pled no contest to, a violation of any law of a foreign country, the United States, or any state, or
of any local ordinance.
(B) The department shall provide the applicant and any individual owner, partner, corporate
officer, manager, agent, representative, employee, or subcontractor of the applicant who has
direct access to, or management or control of, controlled substance prescription forms, with the
means and direction to provide fingerprints and related information, in a manner specified by the
department, for the purpose of completing state, federal, or foreign criminal background checks.
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(C) Any applicant described in subdivision (b) shall submit his or her fingerprint images and
related information to the department, for the purpose of the department obtaining information as
to the existence and nature of a record of state, federal, or foreign level convictions and state,
federal, or foreign level arrests for which the department establishes that the applicant was
released on bail or on his or her own recognizance pending trial, as described in subdivision (l) of
Section 11105 of the Penal Code. Requests for federal level criminal offender record information
received by the department pursuant to this section shall be forwarded to the Federal Bureau of
Investigation by the department.
(D) The department shall assess against each security printer applicant a fee determined by
the department to be sufficient to cover all processing, maintenance, and investigative costs
generated from or associated with completing state, federal, or foreign background checks and
inspections of security printers pursuant to this section with respect to that applicant; the fee shall
be paid by the applicant at the time he or she submits the security printer application, fingerprints
and related information to the department.
(E) The department shall retain fingerprint impressions and related information for
subsequent arrest notification pursuant to Section 11105.2 of the Penal Code for all applicants.
(c) The department may, within 60 calendar days of receipt of the application from the
applicant, deny the security printer application.
(d) The department may deny a security printer application on any of the following grounds:
(1) The applicant, any individual owner, partner, corporate officer, manager, agent,
representative, employee, or subcontractor for the applicant, who has direct access, management,
or control of controlled substance prescription forms, has been convicted of a crime. A conviction
within the meaning of this paragraph means a plea or verdict of guilty or a conviction following a
plea of nolo contendere. Any action which a board is permitted to take following the
establishment of a conviction may be taken when the time for appeal has elapsed, the judgment of
conviction has been affirmed on appeal, or when an order granting probation is made suspending
the imposition of sentence, irrespective of a subsequent order under the provisions of Section
1203.4 of the Penal Code.
(2) The applicant committed any act involving dishonesty, fraud, or deceit with the intent to
substantially benefit himself, herself, or another, or substantially injure another.
(3) The applicant committed any act that would constitute a violation of this division.
(4) The applicant knowingly made a false statement of fact required to be revealed in the
application to produce controlled substance prescription forms.
(5) The department determines that the applicant failed to demonstrate adequate security
procedures relating to the production and distribution of controlled substance prescription forms.
(6) The department determines that the applicant has submitted an incomplete application.
(7) As a condition for its approval as a security printer, an applicant shall authorize the
Department of Justice to make any examination of the books and records of the applicant, or to
visit and inspect the applicant during business hours, to the extent deemed necessary by the board
or department to properly enforce this section.
(e) An approved applicant shall submit an exemplar of a controlled substance prescription form,
with all security features, to the Department of Justice within 30 days of initial production.
(f) The department shall maintain a list of approved security printers and the department shall
make this information available to prescribers and other appropriate government agencies,
including the Board of Pharmacy.
(g) Before printing any controlled substance prescription forms, a security printer shall verify
with the appropriate licensing board that the prescriber possesses a license and current prescribing
privileges which permits the prescribing of controlled substances with the federal Drug
Enforcement Administration (DEA).
(h) Controlled substance prescription forms shall be provided directly to the prescriber either in
person, by certified mail, or by a means that requires a signature signifying receipt of the package
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and provision of that signature to the security printer. Controlled substance prescription forms
provided in person shall be restricted to established customers. Security printers shall obtain a
photo identification from the customer and maintain a log of this information. Controlled
substance prescription forms shall be shipped only to the prescriber’s address on file and verified
with the federal Drug Enforcement Administration or the Medical Board of California.
(i) Security printers shall retain ordering and delivery records in a readily retrievable manner for
individual prescribers for three years.
(j) Security printers shall produce ordering and delivery records upon request by an authorized
officer of the law as defined in Section 4017 of the Business and Professions Code.
(k) Security printers shall report any theft or loss of controlled substance prescription forms to
the Department of Justice via fax or e-mail within 24 hours of the theft or loss.
(l) (1) The department shall impose restrictions, sanctions, or penalties, subject to subdivisions
(m) and (n), against security printers who are not in compliance with this division pursuant to
regulations implemented pursuant to this division and shall revoke its approval of a security
printer for a violation of this division or action that would permit a denial pursuant to subdivision
(d) of this section.
(2) When the department revokes its approval, it shall notify the appropriate licensing boards
and remove the security printer from the list of approved security printers.
(m) The following violations by security printers shall be punishable pursuant to subdivision (n):
(1) Failure to comply with the Security Printer Guidelines established by the Security Printer
Program as a condition of approval.
(2) Failure to take reasonable precautions to prevent any dishonest act or illegal activity related
to the access and control of security prescription forms.
(3) Theft or fraudulent use of a prescriber’s identity in order to obtain security prescription
forms.
(n) A security printer approved pursuant to subdivision (b) shall be subject to the following
penalties for actions leading to the denial of a security printer application specified in subdivision
(d) or for a violation specified in subdivision (m):
(1) For a first violation, a fine not to exceed one thousand dollars ($1,000).
(2) For a second or subsequent violation, a fine not to exceed two thousand five hundred
dollars ($2,500) for each violation.
(3) For a third or subsequent violation, a filing of an administrative disciplinary action seeking
to suspend or revoke security printer approval.
11161.7. Prescriber Authority to Prescribe Restricted; Information to Board; Board
Notification to Security Printers
(a) When a prescriber's authority to prescribe controlled substances is restricted by civil,
criminal, or administrative action, or by an order of the court issued pursuant to Section 11161,
the law enforcement agency or licensing board that sought the restrictions shall provide the name,
category of licensure, license number, and the nature of the restrictions imposed on the prescriber
to security printers, the Department of Justice, and the Board of Pharmacy.
(b) The Board of Pharmacy shall make available the information required by subdivision (a) to
pharmacies and security printers to prevent the dispensing of controlled substance prescriptions
issued by the prescriber and the ordering of additional controlled substance prescription forms by
the restricted prescriber.
11162.1. Prescription Forms for Controlled Substances; Requirements
(a) The prescription forms for controlled substances shall be printed with the following features:
(1) A latent, repetitive “void” pattern shall be printed across the entire front of the prescription
blank; if a prescription is scanned or photocopied, the word “void” shall appear in a pattern across
the entire front of the prescription.
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(2) A watermark shall be printed on the backside of the prescription blank; the watermark shall
consist of the words “California Security Prescription.”
(3) A chemical void protection that prevents alteration by chemical washing.
(4) A feature printed in thermochromic ink.
(5) An area of opaque writing so that the writing disappears if the prescription is lightened.
(6) A description of the security features included on each prescription form.
(7) (A) Six quantity check off boxes shall be printed on the form so that the prescriber may
indicate the quantity by checking the applicable box where the following quantities shall appear:
1–24
25–49
50–74
75–100
101–150
151 and over.
(B) In conjunction with the quantity boxes, a space shall be provided to designate the units
referenced in the quantity boxes when the drug is not in tablet or capsule form.
(8) Prescription blanks shall contain a statement printed on the bottom of the prescription blank
that the “Prescription is void if the number of drugs prescribed is not noted.”
(9) The preprinted name, category of licensure, license number, federal controlled substance
registration number, and address of the prescribing practitioner.
(10) Check boxes shall be printed on the form so that the prescriber may indicate the number of
refills ordered.
(11) The date of origin of the prescription.
(12) A check box indicating the prescriber’s order not to substitute.
(13) An identifying number assigned to the approved security printer by the Department of
Justice.
(14) (A) A check box by the name of each prescriber when a prescription form lists multiple
prescribers.
(B) Each prescriber who signs the prescription form shall identify himself or herself as the
prescriber by checking the box by his or her name.
(b) Each batch of controlled substance prescription forms shall have the lot number printed on
the form and each form within that batch shall be numbered sequentially beginning with the
numeral one.
(c) (1) A prescriber designated by a licensed health care facility, a clinic specified in Section
1200, or a clinic specified in subdivision (a) of Section 1206 that has 25 or more physicians or
surgeons may order controlled substance prescription forms for use by prescribers when treating
patients in that facility without the information required in paragraph (9) of subdivision (a) or
paragraph (3) of this subdivision.
(2) Forms ordered pursuant to this subdivision shall have the name, category of licensure,
license number, and federal controlled substance registration number of the designated prescriber
and the name, address, category of licensure, and license number of the licensed health care
facility the clinic specified in Section 1200, or the clinic specified in Section 1206 that has 25 or
more physicians or surgeons preprinted on the form. Licensed health care facilities or clinics
exempt under Section 1206 are not required to preprint the category of licensure and license
number of their facility or clinic.
(3) Forms ordered pursuant to this section shall not be valid prescriptions without the name,
category of licensure, license number, and federal controlled substance registration number of the
prescriber on the form.
(4) (A) Except as provided in subparagraph (B), the designated prescriber shall maintain a
record of the prescribers to whom the controlled substance prescription forms are issued, that
shall include the name, category of licensure, license number, federal controlled substance
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registration number, and quantity of controlled substance prescription forms issued to each
prescriber. The record shall be maintained in the health facility for three years.
(B) Forms ordered pursuant to this subdivision that are printed by a computerized
prescription generation system shall not be subject to subparagraph (A) or paragraph (7) of
subdivision (a). Forms printed pursuant to this subdivision that are printed by a computerized
prescription generation system may contain the prescriber’s name, category of professional
licensure, license number, federal controlled substance registration number, and the date of the
prescription.
(d) This section shall become operative on January 1, 2012. Prescription forms not in
compliance with this division shall not be valid or accepted after July 1, 2012.
11162.5. Counterfeiting or Possession of Counterfeit Controlled Substance Prescription
Blank; Penalty
(a) Every person who counterfeits a prescription blank purporting to be an official prescription
blank prepared and issued pursuant to Section 11161.5, or knowingly possesses more than three
counterfeited prescription blanks, shall be punished by imprisonment pursuant to subdivision (h)
of Section 1170 of the Penal Code or by imprisonment in a county jail for not more than one
year.
(b) Every person who knowingly possesses three or fewer counterfeited prescription blanks
purporting to be official prescription blanks prepared and issued pursuant to Section 11161.5,
shall be guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment in a county jail not exceeding six
months, or by a fine not exceeding one thousand dollars ($1,000), or by both that fine and
imprisonment.
11162.6. Controlled Substance Prescription Form; Counterfeiting, Possession of, Attempt
to Obtain or Obtain Under False Pretenses; Penalty
(a) Every person who counterfeits a controlled substance prescription form shall be guilty of a
misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment in a county jail for not more than one year, by a fine
not exceeding one thousand dollars ($1,000), or by both that imprisonment and fine.
(b) Every person who knowingly possesses a counterfeited controlled substance prescription
form shall be guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment in a county jail not exceeding
six months, by a fine not exceeding one thousand dollars ($1,000), or by both that imprisonment
and fine.
(c) Every person who attempts to obtain or obtains a controlled substance prescription form
under false pretenses shall be guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment in a county
jail not exceeding six months, by a fine not exceeding one thousand dollars ($1,000), or by both
that imprisonment and fine.
(d) Every person who fraudulently produces controlled substance prescription forms shall be
guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment in a county jail not exceeding six months,
by a fine not exceeding one thousand dollars ($1,000), or by both that imprisonment and fine.
(e) This section shall become operative on July 1, 2004.
11164. Prescribing, Filling, Compounding or Dispensing Prescription for Controlled
Substance; Requirements
Except as provided in Section 11167, no person shall prescribe a controlled substance, nor shall
any person fill, compound, or dispense a prescription for a controlled substance, unless it
complies with the requirements of this section.
(a) Each prescription for a controlled substance classified in Schedule II, III, IV, or V, except as
authorized by subdivision (b), shall be made on a controlled substance prescription form as
specified in Section 11162.1 and shall meet the following requirements:
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(1) The prescription shall be signed and dated by the prescriber in ink and shall contain the
prescriber's address and telephone number; the name of the ultimate user or research subject, or
contact information as determined by the Secretary of the United States Department of Health and
Human Services; refill information, such as the number of refills ordered and whether the
prescription is a first-time request or a refill; and the name, quantity, strength, and directions for
use of the controlled substance prescribed.
(2) The prescription shall also contain the address of the person for whom the controlled
substance is prescribed. If the prescriber does not specify this address on the prescription, the
pharmacist filling the prescription or an employee acting under the direction of the pharmacist
shall write or type the address on the prescription or maintain this information in a readily
retrievable form in the pharmacy.
(b) (1) Notwithstanding paragraph (1) of subdivision (a) of Section 11162.1, any controlled
substance classified in Schedule III, IV, or V may be dispensed upon an oral or electronically
transmitted prescription, which shall be produced in hard copy form and signed and dated by the
pharmacist filling the prescription or by any other person expressly authorized by provisions of
the Business and Professions Code. Any person who transmits, maintains, or receives any
electronically transmitted prescription shall ensure the security, integrity, authority, and
confidentiality of the prescription.
(2) The date of issue of the prescription and all the information required for a written
prescription by subdivision (a) shall be included in the written record of the prescription; the
pharmacist need not include the address, telephone number, license classification, or federal
registry number of the prescriber or the address of the patient on the hard copy, if that information
is readily retrievable in the pharmacy.
(3) Pursuant to an authorization of the prescriber, any agent of the prescriber on behalf of the
prescriber may orally or electronically transmit a prescription for a controlled substance classified
in Schedule III, IV, or V, if in these cases the written record of the prescription required by this
subdivision specifies the name of the agent of the prescriber transmitting the prescription.
(c) The use of commonly used abbreviations shall not invalidate an otherwise valid prescription.
(d) Notwithstanding any provision of subdivisions (a) and (b), prescriptions for a controlled
substance classified in Schedule V may be for more than one person in the same family with the
same medical need.
(e) This section shall become operative on January 1, 2005.
11164.1. Controlled Substance Prescription Issued in Another State for Delivery to Patient
in Another State; Dispensing by California Pharmacy
(a) (1) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a prescription for a controlled substance
issued by a prescriber in another state for delivery to a patient in another state may be dispensed
by a California pharmacy, if the prescription conforms with the requirements for controlled
substance prescriptions in the state in which the controlled substance was prescribed.
(2) All prescriptions for Schedule II, Schedule III, and Schedule IV controlled substances
dispensed pursuant to this subdivision shall be reported by the dispensing pharmacy to the
Department of Justice in the manner prescribed by subdivision (d) of Section 11165.
(b) Pharmacies may dispense prescriptions for Schedule III, Schedule IV, and Schedule V
controlled substances from out-of-state prescribers pursuant to Section 4005 of the Business and
Professions Code and Section 1717 of Title 16 of the California Code of Regulations.
11164.5. Electronic Prescriptions or Orders to Pharmacies and Hospitals
(a) Notwithstanding Section 11164, with the approval of the California State Board of Pharmacy
and the Department of Justice, a pharmacy or hospital may receive electronic data transmission
prescriptions or computer entry prescriptions or orders as specified in Section 4071.1 of the
Business and Professions Code, for controlled substances in Schedule II, III, IV, or V if
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authorized by federal law and in accordance with regulations promulgated by the Drug
Enforcement Administration. The California State Board of Pharmacy shall maintain a list of all
requests and approvals granted pursuant to this subdivision.
(b) Notwithstanding Section 11164, if approved pursuant to subdivision (a), a pharmacy or
hospital receiving an electronic transmission prescription or a computer entry prescription or
order for a controlled substance classified in Schedule II, III, IV, or V shall not be required to
reduce that prescription or order to writing or to hard copy form, if for three years from the last
day of dispensing that prescription, the pharmacy or hospital is able, upon request of the board or
the Department of Justice, to immediately produce a hard copy report that includes for each date
of dispensing of a controlled substance in Schedules II, III, IV, and V pursuant to the prescription
all of the information described in subparagraphs (A) to (E), inclusive, of paragraph (1) of
subdivision (a) of Section 4040 of the Business and Professions Code and the name or identifier
of the pharmacist who dispensed the controlled substance.
(c) Notwithstanding Section 11164, if only recorded and stored electronically, on magnetic
media, or in any other computerized form, the pharmacy's or hospital's computer system shall not
permit the received information or the controlled substance dispensing information required by
this section to be changed, obliterated, destroyed, or disposed of, for the record maintenance
period required by law, once the information has been received by the pharmacy or the hospital
and once the controlled substance has been dispensed, respectively. Once the controlled substance
has been dispensed, if the previously created record is determined to be incorrect, a correcting
addition may be made only by or with the approval of a pharmacist. After a pharmacist enters the
change or enters his or her approval of the change into the computer, the resulting record shall
include the correcting addition and the date it was made to the record, the identity of the person or
pharmacist making the correction, and the identity of the pharmacist approving the correction.
(d) Nothing in this section shall be construed to exempt any pharmacy or hospital dispensing
Schedule II controlled substances pursuant to electronic transmission prescriptions from existing
reporting requirements.
11165. Controlled Substance Utilization Review and Evaluation System: Establishment;
Operation; Funding; Reporting to Department of Justice
(a) To assist health care practitioners in their efforts to ensure appropriate prescribing, ordering,
administering, furnishing, and dispensing of controlled substances, law enforcement and
regulatory agencies in their efforts to control the diversion and resultant abuse of Schedule II,
Schedule III, and Schedule IV controlled substances, and for statistical analysis, education, and
research, the Department of Justice shall, contingent upon the availability of adequate funds in the
CURES Fund, maintain the Controlled Substance Utilization Review and Evaluation System
(CURES) for the electronic monitoring of, and Internet access to information regarding, the
prescribing and dispensing of Schedule II, Schedule III, and Schedule IV controlled substances
by all practitioners authorized to prescribe, order, administer, furnish, or dispense these controlled
substances.
(b) The Department of Justice may seek and use grant funds to pay the costs incurred by the
operation and maintenance of CURES. The department shall annually report to the Legislature
and make available to the public the amount and source of funds it receives for support of
CURES.
(c) (1) The operation of CURES shall comply with all applicable federal and state privacy and
security laws and regulations.
(2) CURES shall operate under existing provisions of law to safeguard the privacy and
confidentiality of patients. Data obtained from CURES shall only be provided to appropriate
state, local, and federal public agencies for disciplinary, civil, or criminal purposes and to other
agencies or entities, as determined by the Department of Justice, for the purpose of educating
practitioners and others in lieu of disciplinary, civil, or criminal actions. Data may be provided to
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public or private entities, as approved by the Department of Justice, for educational, peer review,
statistical, or research purposes, provided that patient information, including any information that
may identify the patient, is not compromised. Further, data disclosed to any individual or agency
as described in this subdivision shall not be disclosed, sold, or transferred to any third party. The
Department of Justice shall establish policies, procedures, and regulations regarding the use,
access, evaluation, management, implementation, operation, storage, disclosure, and security of
the information within CURES, consistent with this subdivision.
(d) For each prescription for a Schedule II, Schedule III, or Schedule IV controlled substance, as
defined in the controlled substances schedules in federal law and regulations, specifically
Sections 1308.12, 1308.13, and 1308.14, respectively, of Title 21 of the Code of Federal
Regulations, the dispensing pharmacy, clinic, or other dispenser shall report the following
information to the Department of Justice as soon as reasonably possible, but not more than seven
days after the date a controlled substance is dispensed, in a format specified by the Department of
Justice:
(1) Full name, address, and, if available, telephone number of the ultimate user or research
subject, or contact information as determined by the Secretary of the United States Department of
Health and Human Services, and the gender, and date of birth of the ultimate user.
(2) The prescriber’s category of licensure, license number, national provider identifier (NPI)
number, if applicable, the federal controlled substance registration number, and the state medical
license number of any prescriber using the federal controlled substance registration number of a
government-exempt facility.
(3) Pharmacy prescription number, license number, NPI number, and federal controlled
substance registration number.
(4) National Drug Code (NDC) number of the controlled substance dispensed.
(5) Quantity of the controlled substance dispensed.
(6) International Statistical Classification of Diseases, 9th revision (ICD-9) or 10th revision
(ICD-10) Code, if available.
(7) Number of refills ordered.
(8) Whether the drug was dispensed as a refill of a prescription or as a first-time request.
(9) Date of origin of the prescription.
(10) Date of dispensing of the prescription.
(e) The Department of Justice may invite stakeholders to assist, advise, and make
recommendations on the establishment of rules and regulations necessary to ensure the proper
administration and enforcement of the CURES database. All prescriber and dispenser invitees
shall be licensed by one of the boards or committees identified in subdivision (d) of Section 208
of the Business and Professions Code, in active practice in California, and a regular user of
CURES.
(f) The Department of Justice shall, prior to upgrading CURES, consult with prescribers
licensed by one of the boards or committees identified in subdivision (d) of Section 208 of the
Business and Professions Code, one or more of the boards or committees identified in subdivision
(d) of Section 208 of the Business and Professions Code, and any other stakeholder identified by
the department, for the purpose of identifying desirable capabilities and upgrades to the CURES
Prescription Drug Monitoring Program (PDMP).
(g) The Department of Justice may establish a process to educate authorized subscribers of the
CURES PDMP on how to access and use the CURES PDMP.
11165.1. History of Controlled Substances Dispensed to an Individual/PDMP
(a) (1) (A) (i) A health care practitioner authorized to prescribe, order, administer, furnish, or
dispense Schedule II, Schedule III, or Schedule IV controlled substances pursuant to Section
11150 shall, before January 1, 2016, or upon receipt of a federal Drug Enforcement
Administration (DEA) registration, whichever occurs later, submit an application developed by
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the Department of Justice to obtain approval to access information online regarding the controlled
substance history of a patient that is stored on the Internet and maintained within the Department
of Justice, and, upon approval, the department shall release to that practitioner the electronic
history of controlled substances dispensed to an individual under his or her care based on data
contained in the CURES Prescription Drug Monitoring Program (PDMP).
(ii) A pharmacist shall, before January 1, 2016, or upon licensure, whichever occurs later,
submit an application developed by the Department of Justice to obtain approval to access
information online regarding the controlled substance history of a patient that is stored on the
Internet and maintained within the Department of Justice, and, upon approval, the department
shall release to that pharmacist the electronic history of controlled substances dispensed to an
individual under his or her care based on data contained in the CURES PDMP.
(B) An application may be denied, or a subscriber may be suspended, for reasons which include,
but are not limited to, the following:
(i) Materially falsifying an application for a subscriber.
(ii) Failure to maintain effective controls for access to the patient activity report.
(iii) Suspended or revoked federal DEA registration.
(iv) Any subscriber who is arrested for a violation of law governing controlled substances or any
other law for which the possession or use of a controlled substance is an element of the crime.
(v) Any subscriber accessing information for any other reason than caring for his or her patients.
(C) Any authorized subscriber shall notify the Department of Justice within 30 days of any
changes to the subscriber account.
(2) A health care practitioner authorized to prescribe, order, administer, furnish, or dispense
Schedule II, Schedule III, or Schedule IV controlled substances pursuant to Section 11150 or a
pharmacist shall be deemed to have complied with paragraph (1) if the licensed health care
practitioner or pharmacist has been approved to access the CURES database through the process
developed pursuant to subdivision (a) of Section 209 of the Business and Professions Code.
(b) Any request for, or release of, a controlled substance history pursuant to this section shall be
made in accordance with guidelines developed by the Department of Justice.
(c) In order to prevent the inappropriate, improper, or illegal use of Schedule II, Schedule III, or
Schedule IV controlled substances, the Department of Justice may initiate the referral of the
history of controlled substances dispensed to an individual based on data contained in CURES to
licensed health care practitioners, pharmacists, or both, providing care or services to the
individual.
(d) The history of controlled substances dispensed to an individual based on data contained in
CURES that is received by a practitioner or pharmacist from the Department of Justice pursuant
to this section shall be considered medical information subject to the provisions of the
Confidentiality of Medical Information Act contained in Part 2.6 (commencing with Section 56)
of Division 1 of the Civil Code.
(e) Information concerning a patient’s controlled substance history provided to a prescriber or
pharmacist pursuant to this section shall include prescriptions for controlled substances listed in
Sections 1308.12, 1308.13, and 1308.14 of Title 21 of the Code of Federal Regulations.
11165.2. CURES Violation: Citations; Request for Hearing; Fines
(a) The Department of Justice may conduct audits of the CURES Prescription Drug Monitoring
Program system and its users.
(b) The Department of Justice may establish, by regulation, a system for the issuance to a CURES
Prescription Drug Monitoring Program subscriber of a citation which may contain an order of
abatement, or an order to pay an administrative fine assessed by the Department of Justice if the
subscriber is in violation of any provision of this chapter or any regulation adopted by the Department
of Justice pursuant to this chapter.
(c) The system shall contain the following provisions:
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(1) Citations shall be in writing and shall describe with particularity the nature of the violation,
including specific reference to the provision of law or regulation of the department determined to have
been violated.
(2) Whenever appropriate, the citation shall contain an order of abatement establishing a reasonable
time for abatement of the violation.
(3) In no event shall the administrative fine assessed by the department exceed two thousand five
hundred dollars ($2,500) for each violation. In assessing a fine, due consideration shall be given to the
appropriateness of the amount of the fine with respect to such factors as the gravity of the violation,
the good faith of the subscribers, and the history of previous violations.
(4) An order of abatement or a fine assessment issued pursuant to a citation shall inform the
subscriber that if the subscriber desires a hearing to contest the finding of a violation, a hearing shall
be requested by written notice to the CURES Prescription Drug Monitoring Program within 30 days of
the date of issuance of the citation or assessment. Hearings shall be held pursuant to Chapter 5
(commencing with Section 11500) of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code.
(5) In addition to requesting a hearing, the subscriber may, within 10 days after service of the
citation, request in writing an opportunity for an informal conference with the department regarding
the citation. At the conclusion of the informal conference, the department may affirm, modify, or
dismiss the citation, including any fine levied or order of abatement issued. The decision shall be
deemed to be a final order with regard to the citation issued, including the fine levied or the order of
abatement which could include permanent suspension to the system, a monetary fine, or both,
depending on the gravity of the violation. However, the subscriber does not waive its right to request a
hearing to contest a citation by requesting an informal conference. If the citation is affirmed, a formal
hearing may be requested within 30 days of the date the citation was affirmed. If the citation is
dismissed after the informal conference, the request for a hearing on the matter of the citation shall be
deemed to be withdrawn. If the citation, including any fine levied or order of abatement, is modified,
the citation originally issued shall be considered withdrawn and a new citation issued. If a hearing is
requested for a subsequent citation, it shall be requested within 30 days of service of that subsequent
citation.
(6) Failure of a subscriber to pay a fine within 30 days of the date of assessment or comply with an
order of abatement within the fixed time, unless the citation is being appealed, may result in
disciplinary action taken by the department. If a citation is not contested and a fine is not paid, the
subscriber account will be terminated:
(A) A citation may be issued without the assessment of an administrative fine.
(B) Assessment of administrative fines may be limited to only particular violations of law or
department regulations.
(d) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, if a fine is paid to satisfy an assessment based on the
finding of a violation, payment of the fine shall be represented as a satisfactory resolution of the
matter for purposes of public disclosure.
(e) Administrative fines collected pursuant to this section shall be deposited in the CURES Program
Special Fund, available upon appropriation by the Legislature. These special funds shall provide
support for costs associated with informal and formal hearings, maintenance, and updates to the
CURES Prescription Drug Monitoring Program.
(f) The sanctions authorized under this section shall be separate from, and in addition to, any other
administrative, civil, or criminal remedies; however, a criminal action may not be initiated for a
specific offense if a citation has been issued pursuant to this section for that offense, and a citation
may not be issued pursuant to this section for a specific offense if a criminal action for that offense has
been filed.
(g) Nothing in this section shall be deemed to prevent the department from serving and prosecuting
an accusation to suspend or revoke a subscriber if grounds for that suspension or revocation exist.
11165.3. Report Theft/Loss of Security Forms
The theft or loss of prescription forms shall be reported immediately by the security printer or
affected prescriber to the CURES Prescription Drug Monitoring Program, but no later than three
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days after the discovery of the theft or loss. This notification may be done in writing utilizing the
Bureau of Narcotic Enforcement 1175 Reporting Theft/Loss Form or may be reported by the
authorized subscriber through the CURES Prescription Drug Monitoring Program.
11165.5. CURES Funding; Definitions
(a) The Department of Justice may seek voluntarily contributed private funds from insurers,
health care service plans, qualified manufacturers, and other donors for the purpose of supporting
CURES. Insurers, health care service plans, qualified manufacturers, and other donors may
contribute by submitting their payment to the Controller for deposit into the CURES Fund
established pursuant to subdivision (c) of Section 208 of the Business and Professions Code. The
department shall make information about the amount and the source of all private funds it
receives for support of CURES available to the public. Contributions to the CURES Fund
pursuant to this subdivision shall be nondeductible for state tax purposes.
(b) For purposes of this section, the following definitions apply:
(1) “Controlled substance” means a drug, substance, or immediate precursor listed in any
schedule in Section 11055, 11056, or 11057 of the Health and Safety Code.
(2) “Health care service plan” means an entity licensed pursuant to the Knox-Keene Health Care
Service Plan Act of 1975 (Chapter 2.2 (commencing with Section 1340) of Division 2 of the
Health and Safety Code).
(3) “Insurer” means an admitted insurer writing health insurance, as defined in Section 106 of
the Insurance Code, and an admitted insurer writing workers’ compensation insurance, as defined
in Section 109 of the Insurance Code.
(4) “Qualified manufacturer” means a manufacturer of a controlled substance, but does not mean
a wholesaler or nonresident wholesaler of dangerous drugs, regulated pursuant to Article 11
(commencing with Section 4160) of Chapter 9 of Division 2 of the Business and Professions
Code, a veterinary food-animal drug retailer, regulated pursuant to Article 15 (commencing with
Section 4196) of Chapter 9 of Division 2 of the Business and Professions Code, or an individual
regulated by the Medical Board of California, the Dental Board of California, the California State
Board of Pharmacy, the Veterinary Medical Board, the Board of Registered Nursing, the
Physician Assistant Committee of the Medical Board of California, the Osteopathic Medical
Board of California, the State Board of Optometry, or the California Board of Podiatric Medicine.
11166. Time Limit for Filling a Controlled Substance Prescription; Knowingly Filling
Mutilated, Forged, or Altered Prescription Prohibited
No person shall fill a prescription for a controlled substance after six months has elapsed from
the date written on the prescription by the prescriber. No person shall knowingly fill a mutilated
or forged or altered prescription for a controlled substance except for the addition of the address
of the person for whom the controlled substance is prescribed as provided by paragraph (3) of
subdivision (b) of Section 11164.
11167. Emergency Dispensing of Controlled Substance; Circumstances and Requirements
Notwithstanding subdivision (a) of Section 11164, in an emergency where failure to issue a
prescription may result in loss of life or intense suffering, an order for a controlled substance may
be dispensed on an oral order, an electronic data transmission order, or a written order not made
on a controlled substance form as specified in Section 11162.1, subject to all of the following
requirements:
(a) The order contains all information required by subdivision (a) of Section 11164.
(b) Any written order is signed and dated by the prescriber in ink, and the pharmacy reduces any
oral or electronic data transmission order to hard copy form prior to dispensing the controlled
substance.
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(c) The prescriber provides a written prescription on a controlled substance prescription form
that meets the requirements of Section 11162.1, by the seventh day following the transmission of
the initial order; a postmark by the seventh day following transmission of the initial order shall
constitute compliance.
(d) If the prescriber fails to comply with subdivision (c), the pharmacy shall so notify the Bureau
of Narcotic Enforcement in writing within 144 hours of the prescriber's failure to do so and shall
make and retain a hard copy, readily retrievable record of the prescription, including the date and
method of notification of the Bureau of Narcotic Enforcement.
(e) This section shall become operative on January 1, 2005.
11167.5. Oral or Electronic Prescriptions for Schedule II Controlled Substance for
Specified Inpatients, Residents, and Home Hospice Patients; Requirements
(a) An order for a controlled substance classified in Schedule II for a patient of a licensed skilled
nursing facility, a licensed intermediate care facility, a licensed home health agency, or a licensed
hospice may be dispensed upon an oral or electronically transmitted prescription. If the
prescription is transmitted orally, the pharmacist shall, prior to filling the prescription, reduce the
prescription to writing in ink in the handwriting of the pharmacist on a form developed by the
pharmacy for this purpose. If the prescription is transmitted electronically, the pharmacist shall,
prior to filling the prescription, produce, sign, and date a hard copy prescription. The
prescriptions shall contain the date the prescription was orally or electronically transmitted by the
prescriber, the name of the person for whom the prescription was authorized, the name and
address of the licensed skilled nursing facility, licensed intermediate care facility, licensed home
health agency, or licensed hospice in which that person is a patient, the name and quantity of the
controlled substance prescribed, the directions for use, and the name, address, category of
professional licensure, license number, and federal controlled substance registration number of
the prescriber. The original shall be properly endorsed by the pharmacist with the pharmacy's
state license number, the name and address of the pharmacy, and the signature of the person who
received the controlled substances for the licensed skilled nursing facility, licensed intermediate
care facility, licensed home health agency, or licensed hospice. A licensed skilled nursing facility,
a licensed intermediate care facility, a licensed home health agency, or a licensed hospice shall
forward to the dispensing pharmacist a copy of any signed telephone orders, chart orders, or
related documentation substantiating each oral or electronically transmitted prescription
transaction under this section.
(b) This section shall become operative on January 1, 2005.
11170. Prohibition on Prescribing, etc. Controlled Substance for Self
No person shall prescribe, administer, or furnish a controlled substance for himself.
11171. Prescribing, etc. Controlled Substance Only as Authorized
No person shall prescribe, administer, or furnish a controlled substance except under the
conditions and in the manner provided by this division.
11172. Antedating or Postdating Prescription Prohibited
No person shall antedate or postdate a prescription.
11173. Fraud, Deceit, Misrepresentation or False Statement; False Representation; False
Label
(a) No person shall obtain or attempt to obtain controlled substances, or procure or attempt to
procure the administration of or prescription for controlled substances, (1) by fraud, deceit,
misrepresentation , or subterfuge; or (2) by the concealment of a material fact.
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(b) No person shall make a false statement in any prescription, order, report, or record, required
by this division.
(c) No person shall, for the purpose of obtaining controlled substances, falsely assume the title
of, or represent himself to be, a manufacturer, wholesaler, pharmacist, physician, dentist,
veterinarian, registered nurse, physician's assistant, or other authorized person.
(d) No person shall affix any false or forged label to a package or receptacle containing
controlled substances.
11174. Prohibition on Providing False Name or Address in Connection with Prescription,
etc.
No person shall, in connection with the prescribing, furnishing, administering, or dispensing of a
controlled substance, give a false name or false address.
11175. Prohibition on Obtaining or Possessing Nonconforming Prescription; Prohibition on
Obtaining Controlled Substance by Nonconforming Prescription
No person shall obtain or possess a prescription that does not comply with this division, nor
shall any person obtain a controlled substance by means of a prescription which does not comply
with this division or possess a controlled substance obtained by such a prescription.
11179. Retention of Controlled Substance Prescription
A person who fills a prescription shall keep it on file for at least three years from the date of
filling it.
11180. Prohibition of Controlled Substance Obtained or Possessed by Nonconforming
Prescription
No person shall obtain or possess a controlled substance obtained by a prescription that does not
comply with this division.
Article 2. Prescriber’s Record
11190. Prescriber’s Record for Schedule II. III or IV Controlled Substance; Prescription
Requirements
(a) Every practitioner, other than a pharmacist, who prescribes or administers a controlled
substance classified in Schedule II shall make a record that, as to the transaction, shows all of the
following:
(1) The name and address of the patient.
(2) The date.
(3) The character, including the name and strength, and quantity of controlled substances
involved.
(b) The prescriber's record shall show the pathology and purpose for which the controlled
substance was administered or prescribed.
(c) (1) For each prescription for a Schedule II, Schedule III, or Schedule IV controlled substance
that is dispensed by a prescriber pursuant to Section 4170 of the Business and Professions Code,
the prescriber shall record and maintain the following information:
(A) Full name, address, and the telephone number of the ultimate user or research subject, or
contact information as determined by the Secretary of the United States Department of Health and
Human Services, and the gender, and date of birth of the patient.
(B) The prescriber's category of licensure and license number; federal controlled substance
registration number; and the state medical license number of any prescriber using the federal
controlled substance registration number of a government-exempt facility.
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(C) NDC (National Drug Code) number of the controlled substance dispensed.
(D) Quantity of the controlled substance dispensed.
(E) ICD-9 (diagnosis code), if available.
(F) Number of refills ordered.
(G) Whether the drug was dispensed as a refill of a prescription or as a first-time request.
(H) Date of origin of the prescription.
(2) (A) Each prescriber that dispenses controlled substances shall provide the Department of
Justice the information required by this subdivision on a weekly basis in a format set by the
Department of Justice pursuant to regulation.
(B) The reporting requirement in this section shall not apply to the direct administration of a
controlled substance to the body of an ultimate user.
(d) This section shall become operative on January 1, 2005.
(e) The reporting requirement in this section for Schedule IV controlled substances shall not
apply to any of the following:
(1) The dispensing of a controlled substance in a quantity limited to an amount adequate to
treat the ultimate user involved for 48 hours or less.
(2) The administration or dispensing of a controlled substance in accordance with any other
exclusion identified by the United States Health and Human Service Secretary for the National
All Schedules Prescription Electronic Reporting Act of 2005.
(f) Notwithstanding paragraph (2) of subdivision (c), the reporting requirement of the information
required by this section for a Schedule II or Schedule III controlled substance, in a format set by
the Department of Justice pursuant to regulation, shall be on a monthly basis for all of the
following:
(1) The dispensing of a controlled substance in a quantity limited to an amount adequate to
treat the ultimate user involved for 48 hours or less.
(2) The administration or dispensing of a controlled substance in accordance with any other
exclusion identified by the United States Health and Human Service Secretary for the National
All Schedules Prescription Electronic Reporting Act of 2005.
11191. Retention Period; Violation
The record shall be preserved for three years. Every person who violates any provision of this
section is guilty of a misdemeanor.
11192. Prima Facie Evidence of Violation of Section 11190
In a prosecution for a violation of Section 11190, proof that a defendant received or has had in
his possession at any time a greater amount of controlled substances than is accounted for by any
record required by law or that the amount of controlled substances possessed by a defendant is a
lesser amount than is accounted for by any record required by law is prima facie evidence of a
violation of the section.
Article 3. Copies of Prescriptions
11195. Providing Receipt for Prescription Removed by Peace Officer, Board Inspector, etc.
Whenever the pharmacist's copy of a controlled substance prescription is removed by a peace
officer, agent of the Attorney General, or inspector of the Board of Pharmacy, or investigator of
the Division of Investigation of the Department of Consumer Affairs for the purpose of
investigation or as evidence, the officer or inspector or investigator shall give to the pharmacist a
receipt in lieu thereof.
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Article 4. Refilling Prescriptions
11200. Restrictions on Dispensing or Refilling; Refill of Schedule II Prescription Prohibited
(a) No person shall dispense or refill a controlled substance prescription more than six months
after the date thereof.
(b) No prescription for a Schedule III or IV substance may be refilled more than five times and
in an amount, for all refills of that prescription taken together, exceeding a 120-day supply.
(c) No prescription for a Schedule II substance may be refilled.
11201. Emergency Refill of Schedule III, IV, or V Prescription; Circumstances;
Requirements
A prescription for a controlled substance, except those appearing in schedule II, may be refilled
without the prescriber's authorization if the prescriber is unavailable to authorize the refill and if,
in the pharmacist's professional judgment, failure to refill the prescription might present an
immediate hazard to the patient's health and welfare or might result in intense suffering. The
pharmacist shall refill only a reasonable amount sufficient to maintain the patient until the
prescriber can be contacted. The pharmacist shall note on the reverse side of the prescription the
date and quantity of the refill and that the prescriber was not available and the basis for his
judgment to refill the prescription without the prescriber's authorization. The pharmacist shall
inform the patient that the prescription was refilled without the prescriber's authorization,
indicating that the prescriber was not available and that, in the pharmacist's professional
judgment, failure to provide the drug might result in an immediate hazard to the patient's health
and welfare or might result in intense suffering. The pharmacist shall inform the prescriber
within a reasonable period of time. Prior to refilling a prescription pursuant to this section, the
pharmacist shall make every reasonable effort to contact the prescriber.
The prescriber shall not incur any liability as the result of a refilling of a prescription pursuant to
this section.
Article 5. Pharmacists’ Records
11205. Maintenance and Retention of Records in Separate File
The owner of a pharmacy or any person who purchases a controlled substance upon federal
order forms as required pursuant to the provisions of the Federal "Comprehensive Drug Abuse
Prevention and Control Act of 1970," (P.L. 91-513, 84 Stat. 1236), relating to the importation,
exportation, manufacture, production, compounding, distribution, dispensing, and control of
controlled substances, and who sells controlled substances obtained upon such federal order
forms in response to prescriptions shall maintain and file such prescriptions in a separate file
apart from noncontrolled substances prescriptions. Such files shall be preserved for a period of
three years.
11206. Required Information on Prescription
Filed prescriptions shall constitute a transaction record that, together with information that is
readily retrievable in the pharmacy pursuant to Section 11164 shall show or include the
following:
(a) The name(s) and address of the patient(s).
(b) The date.
(c) The character, including the name and strength, quantity, and directions for use of the
controlled substance involved.
(d) The name, address, telephone number, category of professional licensure, and the federal
controlled substance registration number of the prescriber.
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11207. Only Pharmacist or Intern Authorized to Fill Prescription
(a) No person other than a pharmacist as defined in Section 4036 of the Business and
Professions Code or an intern pharmacist, as defined in Section 4030 of the Business and
Professions Code, who is under the personal supervision of a pharmacist, shall compound,
prepare, fill or dispense a prescription for a controlled substance.
(b) Notwithstanding subdivision (a), a pharmacy technician may perform those tasks permitted
by Section 4115 of the Business and Professions Code when assisting a pharmacist dispensing a
prescription for a controlled substance.
11208. Prima Facie Evidence of Violation of Controlled Substance Act
In a prosecution under this division, proof that a defendant received or has had in his possession
at any time a greater amount of controlled substances than is accounted for by any record required
by law or that the amount of controlled substances possessed by the defendant is a lesser amount
than is accounted for by any record required by law is prima facie evidence of guilt.
11209. Delivery and Receiving Requirements for Schedule II, III, and IV Substances;
Violation
(a) No person shall deliver Schedule II, III, or IV controlled substances to a pharmacy or
pharmacy receiving area, nor shall any person receive controlled substances on behalf of a
pharmacy unless, at the time of delivery, a pharmacist or authorized receiving personnel signs a
receipt showing the type and quantity of the controlled substances received. Any discrepancy
between the receipt and the type or quantity of controlled substances actually received shall be
reported to the delivering wholesaler or manufacturer by the next business day after delivery to
the pharmacy.
(b) The delivery receipt and any record of discrepancy shall be maintained by the wholesaler or
manufacturer for a period of three years.
(c) A violation of this section is a misdemeanor.
(d) Nothing in this section shall require a common carrier to label a package containing
controlled substances in a manner contrary to federal law or regulation.
CHAPTER 5. USE OF CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES
Article 1. Lawful Medical Use Other Than Treatment of Addicts
11210. Issuing Prescription: By Whom; For What Purpose; Quantity to Be Prescribed
A physician, surgeon, dentist, veterinarian, naturopathic doctor acting pursuant to Section
3640.7 of the Business and Professions Code, or podiatrist, or pharmacist acting within the scope
of a project authorized under Article 1 (commencing with Section 128125) of Chapter 3 of Part 3
of Division 107, or registered nurse acting within the scope of a project authorized under Article
1 (commencing with Section 128125) of Chapter 3 of Part 3 of Division 107, or physician
assistant acting within the scope of a project authorized under Article 1 (commencing with
Section 128125) of Chapter 3 of Part 3 of Division 107, or naturopathic doctor acting within the
scope of Section 3640.5 of the Business and Professions Code, or an optometrist acting within the
scope of Section 3041 of the Business and Professions Code may prescribe for, furnish to, or
administer controlled substances to his or her patient when the patient is suffering from a disease,
ailment, injury, or infirmities attendant upon old age, other than addiction to a controlled
substance.
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The physician, surgeon, dentist, veterinarian, naturopathic doctor acting pursuant to Section
3640.7 of the Business and Professions Code, or podiatrist, or pharmacist acting within the scope
of a project authorized under Article 1 (commencing with Section 128125) of Chapter 3 of Part 3
of Division 107, or registered nurse acting within the scope of a project authorized under Article
1 (commencing with Section 128125) of Chapter 3 of Part 3 of Division 107, or physician
assistant acting within the scope of a project authorized under Article 1 (commencing with
Section 128125) of Chapter 3 of Part 3 of Division 107, or naturopathic doctor acting within the
scope of Section 3640.5 of the Business and Professions Code, or an optometrist acting within the
scope of Section 3041 of the Business and Professions Code shall prescribe, furnish, or
administer controlled substances only when in good faith he or she believes the disease, ailment,
injury, or infirmity requires the treatment.
The physician, surgeon, dentist, veterinarian, or naturopathic doctor acting pursuant to Section
3640.7 of the Business and Professions Code, or podiatrist, or pharmacist acting within the scope
of a project authorized under Article 1 (commencing with Section 128125) of Chapter 3 of Part 3
of Division 107, or registered nurse acting within the scope of a project authorized under Article
1 (commencing with Section 128125) of Chapter 3 of Part 3 of Division 107, or physician
assistant acting within the scope of a project authorized under Article 1 (commencing with
Section 128125) of Chapter 3 of Part 3 of Division 107, or a naturopathic doctor acting within the
scope of Section 3640.5 of the Business and Professions Code, or an optometrist acting within the
scope of Section 3041 of the Business and Professions Code shall prescribe, furnish, or
administer controlled substances only in the quantity and for the length of time as are reasonably
necessary.
11211. Purchases of Controlled Substances by Hospital Without a Pharmacist for
Emergencies; Conditions on Providing to Patients
In order to provide a supply of controlled substances as may be necessary to handle emergency
cases, any hospital which does not employ a resident pharmacist and which is under the
supervision of a licensed physician, may purchase controlled substances on federal order forms
for such institution, under the name of such hospital, such supply to be made available to a
registered nurse for administration to patients in emergency cases, upon direction of a licensed
physician.
11212. Obtaining and Using Controlled Substance for Research, Instruction, or Analysis;
Conditions
Persons who, under applicable federal laws or regulations, are lawfully entitled to use controlled
substances for the purpose of research, instruction, or analysis, may lawfully obtain and use for
such purposes those substances classified in paragraphs (45) and (46) of subdivision (b) of
Section 11054 of the Health and Safety Code, upon registration with and approval by the
California Department of Justice for use of those substances in bona fide research, instruction, or
analysis.
That research, instruction, or analysis shall be carried on only under the auspices of the
individual identified by the registrant as responsible for the research. Complete records of
receipts, stocks at hand, and use of these controlled substances shall be kept.
The Department of Justice may withdraw approval of the use of such substances at any time.
The department may obtain and inspect at any time the records required to be maintained by this
section.
11213. Research Approval by Research Advisory Panel
Persons who, under applicable federal laws or regulations, are lawfully entitled to use controlled
substances for the purpose of research, instruction, or analysis, may lawfully obtain and use for
such purposes such substances as are defined as controlled substances in this division, upon
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approval for use of such controlled substances in bona fide research, instruction, or analysis by
the Research Advisory Panel established pursuant to Section 11480 and 11481.
Such research, instruction, or analysis shall be carried on only under the auspices of the head of
a research project which has been approved by the Research Advisory Panel pursuant to Section
11480 or Section 11481. Complete records of receipts, stocks at hand, and use of these controlled
substances shall be kept.
Article 2. Treatment of Addicts for Addiction
11215. Administration of Narcotics By or Under Direction of Physician, etc.; Who
Physician May Direct to Administer
(a) Except as provided in subdivision (b), any narcotic controlled substance employed in treating
an addict for addiction shall be administered by:
(1) A physician and surgeon.
(2) A registered nurse acting under the instruction of a physician and surgeon.
(3) A physician assistant licensed pursuant to Chapter 7.7 (commencing with Section 3500) of
Division 2 of the Business and Professions Code acting under the patient-specific authority of his
or her physician and surgeon supervisor approved pursuant to Section 3515 of the Business and
Professions Code.
(b) When acting under the direction of a physician and surgeon, the following persons may
administer a narcotic controlled substance orally in the treatment of an addict for addiction to a
controlled substance:
(1) A psychiatric technician licensed pursuant to Chapter 10 (commencing with Section 4500)
of Division 2 of the Business and Professions Code.
(2) A vocational nurse licensed pursuant to Chapter 6.5 (commencing with Section 2840) of
Division 2 of the Business and Professions Code.
(3) A pharmacist licensed pursuant to Chapter 9 (commencing with Section 4000) of Division
2 of the Business and Professions Code.
(c) Except as permitted in this section, no person shall order, permit, or direct any other person
to administer a narcotic controlled substance to a person being treated for addiction to a
controlled substance.
11217. Authorized Place of Treatment
No person shall treat an addict for addiction to a narcotic drug except in one of the following:
(a) An institution approved by the State Department of Mental Health, and where the patient is
at all times kept under restraint and control.
(b) A city or county jail.
(c) A state prison.
(d) A facility designated by a county and approved by the State Department of Mental Health
pursuant to Division 5 (commencing with Section 5000) of the Welfare and Institutions Code.
(e) A state hospital.
(f) A county hospital.
(g) A facility licensed by the State Department of Alcohol and Drug Programs pursuant to
Division 10.5 (commencing with Section 11750).
(h) A facility as defined in subdivision (a) or (b) of Section 1250 and Section 1250.3.
A narcotic controlled substance in the continuing treatment of addiction to a controlled
substance shall be used only in those programs licensed by the State Department of Alcohol and
Drug Programs pursuant to Article 3 (commencing with Section 11875) of Chapter 1 of Part 3 of
Division 10.5 on either an inpatient or outpatient basis, or both.
This section does not apply during emergency treatment, or where the patient's addiction is
complicated by the presence of incurable disease, serious accident, or injury, or the infirmities of
old age.
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Neither this section nor any other provision of this division shall be construed to prohibit the
maintenance of a place in which persons seeking to recover from addiction to a controlled
substance reside and endeavor to aid one another and receive aid from others in recovering from
that addiction, nor does this section or this division prohibit that aid, provided that no person is
treated for addiction in a place by means of administering, furnishing, or prescribing of controlled
substances. The preceding sentence is declaratory of preexisting law.
Neither this section or any other provision of this division shall be construed to prohibit shortterm narcotic detoxification treatment in a controlled setting approved by the director and
pursuant to rules and regulations of the director. Facilities and treatment approved by the director
under this paragraph shall not be subject to approval or inspection by the Medical Board of
California, nor shall persons in those facilities be required to register with, or report the
termination of residence with, the police department or sheriff's office.
11217.5. Administration in Office or Medical Facility of Non-Narcotic Drugs
Notwithstanding the provisions of Section 11217, a licensed physician and surgeon may treat an
addict for addiction in any office or medical facility which, in the professional judgment of such
physician and surgeon, is medically proper for the rehabilitation and treatment of such addict.
Such licensed physician and surgeon may administer to an addict, under his direct care, those
medications and therapeutic agents which, in the judgment of such physician and surgeon, are
medically necessary, provided that nothing in this section shall authorize the administration of
any narcotic drug.
11218. Limitation on Narcotics in First 15 Days of Treatment
A physician treating an addict for addiction may not prescribe for or furnish to the addict more
than any one of the following amounts of controlled substances during each of the first 15 days of
that treatment:
(a) Eight grains of opium.
(b) Four grains of morphine.
(c) Six grains of Pantopon.
(d) One grain of Dilaudid.
(e) Four hundred milligrams of isonipecaine (Demerol).
11219. Limitation on Narcotics after First 15 Days of Treatment
After 15 days of treatment, the physician may not prescribe
for or furnish to the addict more than any one of the following
amounts of controlled substances during each day of the treatment:
(a) Four grains of opium.
(b) Two grains of morphine.
(c) Three grains of Pantopon.
(d) One-half grain of Dilaudid.
(e) Two hundred milligrams of isonipecaine (Demerol).
11220. Required Discontinuance of Controlled Substances, Except Methadone or LAAM,
After 30 Days
At the end of 30 days from the first treatment, the prescribing or furnishing of controlled
substances, except methadone or LAAM, shall be discontinued.
11222. Persons in Custody: Treatment for Withdrawal Symptoms; Continued Participation
in Narcotic Treatment Programs
In any case in which a person is taken into custody by arrest or other process of law and is
lodged in a jail or other place of confinement, and there is reasonable cause to believe that the
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person is addicted to a controlled substance, it is the duty of the person in charge of the place of
confinement to provide the person so confined with medical aid as necessary to ease any
symptoms of withdrawal from the use of controlled substances.
In any case in which a person, who is participating in a narcotic treatment program, is
incarcerated in a jail or other place of confinement, he or she shall, in the discretion of the
director of the program, be entitled to continue in the program until conviction.
Article 3. Veterinarians
11240. Prohibition on Prescribing, etc. Controlled Substance for Human Being
No veterinarian shall prescribe, administer, or furnish a controlled substance for himself or any
other human being.
11241. Prescription Contents
A prescription written by a veterinarian shall state the kind of animal for which ordered and the
name and address of the owner or person having custody of the animal.
Article 4. Sale Without Prescription
11250. Authorized Retail Sale by Pharmacists to Physicians, etc.; Required Order Form
(a) No prescription is required in case of the sale of controlled substances at retail in pharmacies
by pharmacists to any of the following:
(1) Physicians.
(2) Dentists.
(3) Podiatrists.
(4) Veterinarians.
(5) Pharmacists acting within the scope of a project authorized under Article 1 (commencing
with Section 128125) of Chapter 3 of Part 3 of Division 107, or registered nurses acting within
the scope of a project authorized under Article 1 (commencing with Section 128125) of Chapter 3
of Part 3 of Division 107, or physician assistants acting within the scope of a project authorized
under Article 1 (commencing with Section 128125) of Chapter 3 of Part 3 of Division 107.
(6) Optometrist.
(b) In any sale mentioned in this article, there shall be executed any written order that may
otherwise be required by federal law relating to the production, importation, exportation,
manufacture, compounding, distributing, dispensing, or control of controlled substances.
11251. Authorized Wholesale by Pharmacists
No prescription is required in case of sales at wholesale by pharmacies, jobbers, wholesalers,
and manufacturers to any of the following:
(a) Pharmacies as defined in the Business and Professions Code.
(b) Physicians.
(c) Dentists.
(d) Podiatrists.
(e) Veterinarians.
(f) Other jobbers, wholesalers or manufacturers.
(g) Pharmacists acting within the scope of a project authorized under Article 1 (commencing
with Section 128125) of Chapter 3 of Part 3 of Division 107, or registered nurses acting within
the scope of a project authorized under Article 1 (commencing with Section 128125) of Chapter 3
of Part 3 of Division 107, or physician assistants acting within the scope of a project authorized
under Article 1 (commencing with Section 128125) of Chapter 3 of Part 3 of Division 107.
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(h) Optometrists.
11252. Preservation of Federally Required Form
All wholesale jobbers, wholesalers, and manufacturers, mentioned in this division shall keep, in
a manner readily accessible, the written orders or blank forms required to be preserved pursuant
to federal law relating to the production, importation, exportation, manufacture, compounding,
distributing, dispensing, or control of controlled substances.
11253. Duration of Retention
The written orders or blank forms shall be preserved for at least three years after the date of the
last entry made.
11255. Actions Constituting Sale
The taking of any order, or making of any contract or agreement, by any traveling representative
or employee of any person for future delivery in this state, of any controlled substance constitutes
a sale within the meaning of this division.
11256. Required Report of Order by or Sale to Out-of-State Wholesaler or Manufacturer
Within 24 hours after any purchaser in this state gives any order for a controlled substance
classified in Schedule II to, or makes any contract or agreement for purchases from or sales by, an
out-of-state wholesaler or manufacturer of any controlled substances for delivery in this state, the
purchaser shall forward to the Attorney General by registered mail a true and correct copy of the
order, contract, or agreement.
11364. Possession of Illegal Drug Paraphernalia
(a) It is unlawful to possess an opium pipe or any device, contrivance, instrument, or
paraphernalia used for unlawfully injecting or smoking (1) a controlled substance specified
in subdivision (b), (c), or (e), or paragraph (1) of subdivision (f) of Section 11054, specified
in paragraph (14), (15), or (20) of subdivision (d) of Section 11054, specified in subdivision
(b) or (c) of Section 11055, or specified in paragraph (2) of subdivision (d) of Section
11055, or (2) a controlled substance which is a narcotic drug classified in Schedule III, IV,
or V.
(b) This section shall not apply to hypodermic needles or syringes that have been containerized
for safe disposal in a container that meets state and federal standards for disposal of sharps
waste.
(c) Pursuant to authorization by a county, with respect to all of the territory within the county,
or a city, with respect to the territory within the city, for the period commencing January 1,
2005, and ending December 31, 2018, subdivision (a) shall not apply to the possession
solely for personal use of 10 or fewer hypodermic needles or syringes if acquired from an
authorized source.
(d) This section shall be inoperative until January 1, 2015.
11364.1. Unlawful Possession of Drug Paraphernalia in Effect until January 1, 2015 Unless
Another Law is Enacted Before That Date
(a) It is unlawful to possess an opium pipe or any device, contrivance, instrument, or
paraphernalia used for unlawfully injecting or smoking (1) a controlled substance specified in
subdivision (b), (c), or (e), or paragraph (1) of subdivision (f) of Section 11054, specified in
paragraph (14), (15), or (20) of subdivision (d) of Section 11054, specified in subdivision (b) or
(c) of Section 11055, or specified in paragraph (2) of subdivision (d) of Section 11055, or (2) a
controlled substance which is a narcotic drug classified in Schedule III, IV, or V.
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(b) This section shall not apply to hypodermic needles or syringes that have been containerized
for safe disposal in a container that meets state and federal standards for disposal of sharps waste.
(c) As a public health measure intended to prevent the transmission of HIV, viral hepatitis, and
other bloodborne diseases among persons who use syringes and hypodermic needles, and to
prevent subsequent infection of sexual partners, newborn children, or other persons, this section
shall not apply to the possession solely for personal use of 30 or fewer hypodermic needles or
syringes if acquired from a physician, pharmacist, hypodermic needle and syringe exchange
program, or any other source that is authorized by law to provide sterile syringes or hypodermic
needles without a prescription.
(d) This section shall remain in effect only until January 1, 2015, and as of that date is repealed,
unless a later enacted statute, that is enacted before January 1, 2015, deletes or extends that date.
CHAPTER 13.5. DISEASE PREVENTION DEMONSTRATION PROJECT
121281. Board Web Site: Testing for HIV and Viral Hepatitis; Disposal of Sharps Waste;
How to Access Drug Treatment
In order to assist pharmacists and pharmacy personnel in the education of consumers who are at
risk of bloodborne infections regarding methods and opportunities for improving and protecting
their health, and thereby protect the public health, the Office of AIDS shall develop and maintain
all of the following information, on its Internet Web site, and the California State Board of
Pharmacy shall also post, or maintain a link to, the information on its Internet Web site:
(a) How consumers can access testing and treatment for HIV and viral hepatitis.
(b) How consumers can safely dispose of syringes and hypodermic needles or other sharps
waste.
(c) How consumers can access drug treatment.
121285. The Disease Prevention Demonstration Project; Furnishing or Sale of
Nonprescription Hypodermic Needles or Syringes
(a) The Disease Prevention Demonstration Project, a collaboration between pharmacies and
local and state health officials, is hereby authorized for the purpose of evaluating the long-term
desirability of allowing licensed pharmacists to furnish or sell nonprescription hypodermic
needles or syringes to prevent the spread of blood-borne pathogens, including HIV and hepatitis
C.
(b) The State Department of Health Services shall evaluate the effects of allowing pharmacists
to furnish or sell a limited number of hypodermic needles or syringes without prescription, and
provide a report to the Governor and the Legislature on or before January 15, 2010. The State
Department of Health Services is encouraged to seek funding from private and federal sources to
pay for the evaluation. The report shall include, but need not be limited to, the effect of
nonprescription hypodermic needle or syringe sale on all of the following:
(1) Hypodermic needle or syringe sharing practice among those who inject illegal drugs.
(2) Rates of disease infection caused by hypodermic needle or syringe sharing.
(3) Needlestick injuries to law enforcement officers and waste management employees.
(4) Drug crime or other crime in the vicinity of pharmacies.
(5) Safe or unsafe discard of used hypodermic needles or syringes.
(6) Rates of injection of illegal drugs.
(c) The State Department of Health Services shall convene an uncompensated evaluation
advisory panel comprised of all of the following: two or more specialists in the control of
infectious diseases; one or more representatives of the California State Board of Pharmacy; one or
more representatives of independent pharmacies; one or more representatives of chain pharmacy
owners; one or more representatives of law enforcement executives, such as police chiefs and
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sheriffs; one or more representatives of rank and file law enforcement officers; a specialist in
hazardous waste management from the State Department of Health Services; one or more
representatives of the waste management industry; and one or more representatives of local health
officers.
(d) In order to furnish or sell nonprescription hypodermic needles or syringes as part of the
Disease Prevention Demonstration Project in a county or city that has provided authorization
pursuant to Section 4145 of the Business and Professions Code, a pharmacy shall do all of the
following:
(1) Register with the local health department by providing a contact name and related
information, and certify that it will provide, at the time of furnishing or sale of hypodermic
needles or syringes, written information or verbal counseling on all of the following:
(A) How to access drug treatment.
(B) How to access testing and treatment for HIV and hepatitis C.
(C) How to safely dispose of sharps waste.
(2) Store hypodermic needles and syringes so that they are available only to authorized
personnel, and not openly available to customers.
(3) In order to provide for the safe disposal of hypodermic needles and syringes, a registered
pharmacy shall provide one or more of the following options:
(A) An onsite safe hypodermic needle and syringe collection and disposal program.
(B) Furnish or make available for purchase mail-back sharps disposal containers authorized
by the United States Postal Service that meet applicable state and federal requirements, and
provide tracking forms to verify destruction at a certified disposal facility.
(C) Furnish or make available for purchase personal sharps disposal containers that meet
state and federal standards for disposal of medical waste.
(e) Local health departments shall be responsible for all of the following:
(1) Maintaining a list of all pharmacies within the local health department's jurisdiction that
have registered under the Disease Prevention Demonstration Project.
(2) Making available to pharmacies written information that may be provided or reproduced to
be provided in writing or orally by the pharmacy at the time of furnishing or the sale of
nonprescription hypodermic needles or syringes, including all of the following:
(A) How to access drug treatment.
(B) How to access testing and treatment for HIV and hepatitis C.
(C) How to safely dispose of sharps waste.
(f) As used in this chapter, "sharps waste" means hypodermic needles, syringes, and lancets.
CHAPTER 18. CLEAN NEEDLE AND SYRINGE EXCHANGE PROGRAM
121349. Legislative Findings and Declaration
(a) The Legislature finds and declares that scientific data from needle exchange programs in the
United States and in Europe have shown that the exchange of used hypodermic needles and
syringes for clean hypodermic needles and syringes does not increase drug use in the population,
can serve as an important bridge to treatment and recovery from drug abuse, and can curtail the
spread of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection among the intravenous drug user
population.
(b) In order to reduce the spread of HIV infection and bloodborne hepatitis among the
intravenous drug user population within California, the Legislature hereby authorizes a clean
needle and syringe exchange project pursuant to this chapter in any city, county, or city and
county upon the action of a county board of supervisors and the local health officer or health
commission of that county, or upon the action of the city council, the mayor, and the local health
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officer of a city with a health department, or upon the action of the city council and the mayor of
a city without a health department.
(c) In order to reduce the spread of HIV infection, viral hepatitis, and other potentially deadly
bloodborne infections, the State Department of Public Health may, notwithstanding any other
law, authorize entities that provide services set forth in paragraph (1) of subdivision (d), and that
have sufficient staff and capacity to provide the services described in Section 121349.1, as
determined by the department, to apply for authorization under this chapter to provide
hypodermic needle and syringe exchange services consistent with state standards in any location
where the department determines that the conditions exist for the rapid spread of HIV, viral
hepatitis, or any other potentially deadly or disabling infections that are spread through the
sharing of used hypodermic needles and syringes. Authorization shall be made after consultation
with the local health officer and local law enforcement leadership, and after a period of public
comment, as described in subdivision (e). In making the determination, the department shall
balance the concerns of law enforcement with the public health benefits. The authorization shall
not be for more than two years. Before the end of the two-year period, the department may
reauthorize the program in consultation with the local health officer and local law enforcement
leadership.
(d) In order for an entity to be authorized to conduct a project pursuant to this chapter, its
application to the department shall demonstrate that the entity complies with all of the following
minimum standards:
(1) The entity provides, directly or through referral, all of the following services:
(A) Drug abuse treatment services.
(B) HIV or hepatitis screening.
(C) Hepatitis A and hepatitis B vaccination.
(D) Screening for sexually transmitted infections.
(E) Housing services for the homeless, for victims of domestic violence, or other similar
housing services.
(F) Services related to provision of education and materials for the reduction of sexual risk
behaviors, including, but not limited to, the distribution of condoms.
(2) The entity has the capacity to commence needle and syringe exchange services within three
months of authorization.
(3) The entity has adequate funding to do all of the following at reasonably projected program
participation levels:
(A) Provide needles and syringe exchange services for all of its participants.
(B) Provide HIV and viral hepatitis prevention education services for all of its participants.
(C) Provide for the safe recovery and disposal of used syringes and sharps waste from all of
its participants.
(4) The entity has the capacity, and an established plan, to collect evaluative data in order to
assess program impact, including, but not limited to, all of the following:
(A) The total number of persons served.
(B) The total number of syringes and needles distributed, recovered, and disposed of.
(C) The total numbers and types of referrals to drug treatment and other services.
(e) If the application is provisionally deemed appropriate by the department, the department
shall, at least 90 days prior to approval of the application, provide for a period of public comment
as follows:
(1) Post on the department's Internet Web site the name of the applicant, the nature of the
services, and the location where the applying entity will provide the services.
(2) Send a written and an e-mail notice to the local health officer of the affected jurisdiction.
(3) Send a written and an e-mail notice to the chief of police, the sheriff, or both, as
appropriate, of the jurisdictions in which the program will operate.
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(f) The department shall establish and maintain on its Internet Web site the address and contact
information of programs providing hypodermic needle and syringe exchange services pursuant to
this chapter.
(g) The authorization provided under this section shall only be for a clean needle and syringe
exchange project as described in Section 121349.1.
(h) This section shall become inoperative on January 1, 2019, and as of that date is repealed.
CHAPTER 18. CLEAN NEEDLE AND SYRINGE EXCHANGE PROGRAM
121349. Legislative Findings and Declaration [A second like-numbered section follows.]
(a) The Legislature finds and declares that scientific data from needle exchange programs in the
United States and in Europe have shown that the exchange of used hypodermic needles and
syringes for clean hypodermic needles and syringes does not increase drug use in the population,
can serve as an important bridge to treatment and recovery from drug abuse, and can curtail the
spread of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection among the intravenous drug user
population.
(b) In order to reduce the spread of HIV infection and bloodborne hepatitis among the
intravenous drug user population within California, the Legislature hereby authorizes a clean
needle and syringe exchange project pursuant to this chapter in any city, county, or city and
county upon the action of a county board of supervisors and the local health officer or health
commission of that county, or upon the action of the city council, the mayor, and the local health
officer of a city with a health department, or upon the action of the city council and the mayor of
a city without a health department.
(c) In order to reduce the spread of HIV infection, viral hepatitis, and other potentially deadly
bloodborne infections, the State Department of Public Health may, notwithstanding any other
law, authorize entities that provide services set forth in paragraph (1) of subdivision (d), and that
have sufficient staff and capacity to provide the services described in Section 121349.1, as
determined by the department, to apply for authorization under this chapter to provide
hypodermic needle and syringe exchange services consistent with state standards in any location
where the department determines that the conditions exist for the rapid spread of HIV, viral
hepatitis, or any other potentially deadly or disabling infections that are spread through the
sharing of used hypodermic needles and syringes. Authorization shall be made after consultation
with the local health officer and local law enforcement leadership, and after a period of public
comment, as described in subdivision (e). In making the determination, the department shall
balance the concerns of law enforcement with the public health benefits. The authorization shall
not be for more than two years. Before the end of the two-year period, the department may
reauthorize the program in consultation with the local health officer and local law enforcement
leadership.
(d) In order for an entity to be authorized to conduct a project pursuant to this chapter, its
application to the department shall demonstrate that the entity complies with all of the following
minimum standards:
(1) The entity provides, directly or through referral, all of the following services:
(A) Drug abuse treatment services.
(B) HIV or hepatitis screening.
(C) Hepatitis A and hepatitis B vaccination.
(D) Screening for sexually transmitted infections.
(E) Housing services for the homeless, for victims of domestic violence, or other similar
housing services.
(F) Services related to provision of education and materials for the reduction of sexual risk
behaviors, including, but not limited to, the distribution of condoms.
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(2) The entity has the capacity to commence needle and syringe exchange services within three
months of authorization.
(3) The entity has adequate funding to do all of the following at reasonably projected program
participation levels:
(A) Provide needles and syringe exchange services for all of its participants.
(B) Provide HIV and viral hepatitis prevention education services for all of its participants.
(C) Provide for the safe recovery and disposal of used syringes and sharps waste from all of its
participants.
(4) The entity has the capacity, and an established plan, to collect evaluative data in order to
assess program impact, including, but not limited to, all of the following:
(A) The total number of persons served.
(B) The total number of syringes and needles distributed, recovered, and disposed of.
(C) The total numbers and types of referrals to drug treatment and other services.
(e) If the application is provisionally deemed appropriate by the department, the department
shall, at least 90 days prior to approval of the application, provide for a period of public comment
as follows:
(1) Post on the department's Internet Web site the name of the applicant, the nature of the
services, and the location where the applying entity will provide the services.
(2) Send a written and an e-mail notice to the local health officer of the affected jurisdiction.
(3) Send a written and an e-mail notice to the chief of police, the sheriff, or both, as appropriate,
of the jurisdictions in which the program will operate.
(f) The department shall establish and maintain on its Internet Web site the address and contact
information of programs providing hypodermic needle and syringe exchange services pursuant to
this chapter.
(g) The authorization provided under this section shall only be for a clean needle and syringe
exchange project as described in Section 121349.1.
(h) This section shall become inoperative on January 1, 2019, and as of that date is repealed.
121349. Legislative Findings and Declaration
(a) The Legislature finds and declares that scientific data from needle exchange programs in the
United States and in Europe have shown that the exchange of used hypodermic needles and
syringes for clean hypodermic needles and syringes does not increase drug use in the population,
can serve as an important bridge to treatment and recovery from drug abuse, and can curtail the
spread of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection among the intravenous drug user
population.
(b) In order to reduce the spread of HIV infection and bloodborne hepatitis among the
intravenous drug user population within California, the Legislature hereby authorizes a clean
needle and syringe exchange project pursuant to this chapter in any city, county, or city and
county upon the action of a county board of supervisors and the local health officer or health
commission of that county, or upon the action of the city council, the mayor, and the local health
officer of a city with a health department, or upon the action of the city council and the mayor of
a city without a health department.
(c) The authorization provided under this section shall only be for a clean needle and syringe
exchange project as described in Section 121349.1.
(d) This section shall become operative on January 1, 2019.
121349.1. Needle and Syringe Exchange Project; Requirements [A second like-numbered
section follows.]
(a) The State Department of Public Health or a city, county, or a city and county with or without
a health department, that acts to authorize a clean needle and syringe exchange project pursuant to
this chapter shall, in consultation with the State Department of Public Health, authorize the
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exchange of clean hypodermic needles and syringes, as recommended by the United States
Secretary of Health and Human Services, subject to the availability of funding, as part of a
network of comprehensive services, including treatment services, to combat the spread of HIV
and bloodborne hepatitis infection among injection drug users. Staff and volunteers participating
in an exchange project authorized by the state, county, city, or city and county pursuant to this
chapter shall not be subject to criminal prosecution for violation of any law related to the
possession, furnishing, or transfer of hypodermic needles or syringes during participation in an
exchange project. Program participants shall not be subject to criminal prosecution for possession
of needles or syringes acquired from an authorized needle and syringe exchange project entity.
(b) This section shall become inoperative on January 1, 2019, and as of that date is repealed
121349.1. Needle and Syringe Exchange Project; Requirements
(a) A city, county, or a city and county, with or without a health department, that acts to
authorize a clean needle and syringe exchange project pursuant to this chapter shall, in
consultation with the State Department of Public Health, authorize the exchange of clean
hypodermic needles and syringes, as recommended by the United States Public Health Service,
subject to the availability of funding, as part of a network of comprehensive services, including
treatment services, to combat the spread of HIV and bloodborne hepatitis infection among
injection drug users. Providers participating in an exchange project authorized by the county, city,
or city and county pursuant to this chapter shall not be subject to criminal prosecution for
possession of needles or syringes during participation in an exchange project.
(b) This section shall become operative on January 1, 2019.
121349.2. Local, Health and Law Enforcement Comment Biennially, Public Input [A
second like-numbered section follows.]
(a) Local government, local health officials, and law enforcement shall be given the opportunity
to comment on clean needle and syringe exchange programs on a biennial basis. The public shall
be given the opportunity to provide input to local leaders to ensure that any potential adverse
impacts on the public welfare of clean needle and syringe exchange programs are addressed and
mitigated.
(b) This section shall become inoperative on January 1, 2019, and as of that date is repealed.
121349.2. Local, Health and Law Enforcement Comment Annually, Public Input
(a) Local government, local public health officials, and law enforcement shall be given the
opportunity to comment on clean needle and syringe exchange programs on an annual basis. The
public shall be given the opportunity to provide input to local leaders to ensure that any potential
adverse impacts on the public welfare from clean needle and syringe exchange programs are
addressed and mitigated.
(b) This section shall become operative on January 1, 2019.
121349.3. Biennial Report of Health Officer of Participating Jurisdiction [A second likenumbered section follows.]
(a) The health officer of the participating jurisdiction shall present biennially at an open meeting
of the board of supervisors or city council a report detailing the status of clean needle and syringe
exchange programs, including, but not limited to, relevant statistics on bloodborne infections
associated with needle sharing activity and the use of public funds for these programs. Law
enforcement, administrators of alcohol and drug treatment programs, other stakeholders, and the
public shall be afforded ample opportunity to comment at this biennial meeting. The notice to the
public shall be sufficient to ensure adequate participation in the meeting by the public. This
meeting shall be noticed in accordance with all state and local open meeting laws and ordinances,
and as local officials deem appropriate. For hypodermic needle and syringe exchange services
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authorized by the State Department of Public Health, a biennial report shall be provided by the
department to the local health officer based on the reports to the department from service
providers within the jurisdiction of that local health officer.
(b) This section shall become inoperative on January 1, 2019, and as of that date is repealed.
121349.3. Annual Report of Health Officer of Participating Jurisdiction
(a) The health officer of the participating jurisdiction shall present, annually at an open meeting
of the board of supervisors or city council, a report detailing the status of clean needle and syringe
exchange programs, including, but not limited to, relevant statistics on bloodborne infections
associated with needle sharing activity and the use of public funds for these programs. Law
enforcement, administrators of alcohol and drug treatment programs, other stakeholders, and the
public shall be afforded ample opportunity to comment at this annual meeting. The notice to the
public shall be sufficient to ensure adequate participation in the meeting by the public. This
meeting shall be noticed in accordance with all state and local open meeting laws and ordinances,
and as local officials deem appropriate.
(b) This section shall become operative on January 1, 2019.
124960. Treatment of Severe Chronic Intractable Pain
The Legislature finds and declares all of the following:
(a) The state has a right and duty to control the illegal use of opiate drugs.
(b) Inadequate treatment of acute and chronic pain originating from cancer or noncancerous
conditions is a significant health problem.
(c) For some patients, pain management is the single most important treatment a physician can
provide.
(d) A patient suffering from severe chronic intractable pain should have access to proper
treatment of his or her pain.
(e) Due to the complexity of their problems, many patients suffering from severe chronic
intractable pain may require referral to a physician with expertise in the treatment of severe
chronic intractable pain. In some cases, severe chronic intractable pain is best treated by a team of
clinicians in order to address the associated physical, psychological, social, and vocational issues.
(f) In the hands of knowledgeable, ethical, and experienced pain management practitioners,
opiates administered for severe acute pain and severe chronic intractable pain can be safe.
(g) Opiates can be an accepted treatment for patients in severe chronic intractable pain who have
not obtained relief from any other means of treatment.
(h) A patient suffering from severe chronic intractable pain has the option to request or reject the
use of any or all modalities to relieve his or her pain.
(i) A physician treating a patient who suffers from severe chronic intractable pain may prescribe
a dosage deemed medically necessary to relieve pain as long as the prescribing is in conformance
with Section 2241.5 of the Business and Professions Code.
(j) A patient who suffers from severe chronic intractable pain has the option to choose opiate
medication for the treatment of the severe chronic intractable pain as long as the prescribing is in
conformance with Section 2241.5 of the Business and Professions Code.
(k) The patient's physician may refuse to prescribe opiate medication for a patient who requests
the treatment for severe chronic intractable pain. However, that physician shall inform the patient
that there are physicians who treat severe chronic intractable pain with methods that include the
use of opiates.
124961. Pain Patient’s Bill of Rights
Nothing in this section shall be construed to alter any of the provisions set forth in Section 2241.5
of the Business and Professions Code. This section shall be known as the Pain Patient's Bill of
Rights.
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(a) A patient who suffers from severe chronic intractable pain has the option to request or reject
the use of any or all modalities in order to relieve his or her pain.
(b) A patient who suffers from severe chronic intractable pain has the option to choose opiate
medications to relieve that pain without first having to submit to an invasive medical procedure,
which is defined as surgery, destruction of a nerve or other body tissue by manipulation, or the
implantation of a drug delivery system or device, as long as the prescribing physician acts in
conformance with the California Intractable Pain Treatment Act, Section 2241.5 of the Business
and Professions Code.
(c) The patient's physician may refuse to prescribe opiate medication for the patient who
requests a treatment for severe chronic intractable pain. However, that physician shall inform the
patient that there are physicians who treat pain and whose methods include the use of opiates.
(d) A physician who uses opiate therapy to relieve severe chronic intractable pain may prescribe
a dosage deemed medically necessary to relieve the patient's pain, as long as that prescribing is in
conformance with Section 2241.5 of the Business and Professions Code.
(e) A patient may voluntarily request that his or her physician provide an identifying notice of
the prescription for purposes of emergency treatment or law enforcement identification.
(f) Nothing in this section shall do either of the following:
(1) Limit any reporting or disciplinary provisions applicable to licensed physicians and
surgeons who violate prescribing practices or other provisions set forth in the Medical Practice
Act, Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 2000) of Division 2 of the Business and
Professions Code, or the regulations adopted thereunder.
(2) Limit the applicability of any federal statute or federal regulation or any of the other
statutes or regulations of this state that regulate dangerous drugs or controlled substances.
DIVISION 106. PERSONAL HEALTH CARE PART 5. HEREDITARY DISEASES/CONGENITAL DEFECTS
CHAPTER 2. GENETIC DISEASE SERVICES
Article 5. Standards of Service for Providers of
Blood Clotting Products for Home Use Act 125286.10.
This article shall be known, and may be cited, as the Standards of Service for Providers of Blood
Clotting Products for Home Use Act.
125286.15. Legislative Declarations
The Legislature hereby finds and declares all of the following:
(a) Hemophilia is a rare, hereditary, bleeding disorder affecting at least 4,000 persons in
California and is a chronic, lifelong, and incurable, but treatable, disease.
(b) Von Willebrand disease is a human bleeding disorder caused by a hereditary deficiency or
abnormality of the von Willebrand factor in human blood, which is a protein that helps clot blood.
Von Willebrand disease is a chronic, lifelong, incurable, but treatable, disease affecting at least
360,000 Californians.
(c) Until the 1970s, people with severe hemophilia suffered from uncontrollable internal
bleeding, crippling orthopedic deformities, and a shortened lifespan. More recently, the
production of highly purified blood clotting factors has provided people with hemophilia and
other bleeding disorders the opportunity to lead normal lives, free of pain and crippling arthritis.
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(d) The preferred method of treatment of hemophilia today is intravenous injection, or infusion,
of prescription blood clotting products several times per week, along with case management and
specialized medical care at a federally designated regional hemophilia treatment center.
(e) Pharmacies and other entities specializing in the delivery of blood clotting products and
related equipment, supplies, and services for home use form a growing enterprise in California.
(f) Timely access to federally designated regional hemophilia centers and appropriate products
and services in the home, including infusion of blood clotting products and related equipment,
and supplies and services for persons with hemophilia and other bleeding disorders, reduces
mortality and bleeding-related hospitalizations according to the federal Centers for Disease
Control and Prevention and the Medical and Scientific Advisory Council of the National
Hemophilia Foundation.
(g) Eligible persons with hemophilia or other bleeding disorders may receive treatment through
the Genetically Handicapped Persons Program, the California Children's Services Program, and
the Medi-Cal program.
(h) For the benefit of persons with hemophilia or other bleeding disorders, the purposes of this
article are to do the following:
(1) Establish standards of service for entities that deliver blood clotting products and related
equipment, supplies, and services for home use.
(2) Promote access to a full range of essential, cost-effective, lifesaving, blood clotting products
and related equipment, supplies, and high-quality services for home use for persons with
hemophilia and other bleeding disorders.
125286.20. Definitions
Unless the context otherwise requires, the following definitions shall apply for purposes of this
article:
(a) "Assay" means the amount of a particular constituent of a mixture or of the biological or
pharmacological potency of a drug.
(b) "Ancillary infusion equipment and supplies" means the equipment and supplies required to
infuse a blood clotting product into a human vein, including, but not limited to, syringes, needles,
sterile gauze, field pads, gloves, alcohol swabs, numbing creams, tourniquets, medical tape,
sharps or equivalent biohazard waste containers, and cold compression packs.
(c) "Bleeding disorder" means a medical condition characterized by a deficiency or absence of
one or more essential blood clotting proteins in the human blood, often called "factors," including
all forms of hemophilia and other bleeding disorders that, without treatment, result in
uncontrollable bleeding or abnormal blood clotting.
(d) "Blood clotting product" means an intravenously administered medicine manufactured from
human plasma or recombinant biotechnology techniques, approved for distribution by the federal
Food and Drug Administration, that is used for the treatment and prevention of symptoms
associated with bleeding disorders. Blood clotting products include, but are not limited to,
factor VII, factor VIIa, factor VIII, and factor IX products, von Willebrand factor products,
bypass products for patients with inhibitors, and activated prothrombin complex concentrates.
(e) "Emergency" means care as defined in Section 1317.1.
(f) "Hemophilia" means a human bleeding disorder caused by a hereditary deficiency of the
factors I, II, V, VIII, IX, XI, XII, or XIII blood clotting protein in human blood.
(g) "Hemophilia treatment center" means a facility for the treatment of bleeding disorders,
including, but not limited to, hemophilia, that receives funding specifically for the treatment of
patients with bleeding disorders from federal government sources, including, but not limited to,
the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the federal Health Resources and
Services Administration (HRSA) of the United States Department of Health and Human Services.
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(h) "Home use" means infusion or other use of a blood clotting product in a place other than a
state-recognized hemophilia treatment center or other clinical setting. Places where home use
occurs include, without limitation, a home or other nonclinical setting.
(i) "Patient" means a person needing a blood clotting product for home use.
(j) (1) "Provider of blood clotting products for home use" means all the following pharmacies,
except as described in Section 125286.35, that dispense blood clotting factors for home use:
(A) Hospital pharmacies.
(B) Health system pharmacies.
(C) Pharmacies affiliated with hemophilia treatment centers.
(D) Specialty home care pharmacies.
(E) Retail pharmacies.
(2) The providers described in this subdivision shall include a health care service plan and all its
affiliated providers if the health care service plan exclusively contracts with a single medical
group in a specified geographic area to provide professional services to its enrollees.
125286.25. Requirements for Providers of Blood Clotting Products for Home Use
Each provider of blood clotting products for home use shall meet all of the following
requirements:
(a) Have sufficient knowledge and understanding of bleeding disorders to accurately follow the
instructions of the prescribing physician and ensure high-quality service for the patient and the
medical and psychosocial management thereof, including, but not limited to, home therapy.
(b) Have access to a provider with sufficient clinical experience providing services to persons
with bleeding disorders that enables the provider to know when patients have an appropriate
supply of clotting factor on hand and about proper storage and refrigeration of clotting factors.
(c) Maintain 24-hour on-call service seven days a week for every day of the year, adequately
screen telephone calls for emergencies, acknowledge all telephone calls within one hour or less,
and have access to knowledgeable pharmacy staffing on call 24 hours a day, to initiate emergency
requests for clotting factors.
(d) Have the ability to obtain all brands of blood clotting products approved by the federal Food
and Drug Administration in multiple assay ranges (low, medium, and high, as applicable) and vial
sizes, including products manufactured from human plasma and those manufactured with
recombinant biotechnology techniques, provided manufacturer supply exists and payer
authorization is obtained.
(e) Supply all necessary ancillary infusion equipment and supplies with each prescription, as
needed.
(f) Store and ship, or otherwise deliver, all blood clotting products in conformity with all state
and federally mandated standards, including, but not limited to, the standards set forth in the
product's approved package insert (PI).
(g) Upon receiving approved authorization for a nonemergency prescription, provided
manufacturer supply exists, ship the prescribed blood clotting products and ancillary infusion
equipment and supplies to the patient within two business days or less for established and new
patients.
(h) Upon receiving approved authorization to dispense a prescription for an emergency
situation, provided manufacturer supply exists, deliver prescribed blood products, ancillary
infusion equipment and supplies, and medications to the patient within 12 hours for patients
living within 100 miles of a major metropolitan airport, and within one day for patients living
more than 100 miles from a major metropolitan airport.
(i) Provide patients who have ordered their products with a designated contact telephone
number for reporting problems with a delivery and respond to these calls within a reasonable time
period.
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(j) Provide patients with notification of Class 1 and Class 2 recalls and withdrawals of blood
clotting products and ancillary infusion equipment within 24 hours of the provider of blood
clotting products for home use receiving notification and participate in the National Patient
Notification System for blood clotting product recalls.
(k) Provide language interpretive services over the telephone or in person, as needed by the
patient.
(l) Have a detailed plan for meeting the requirements of this article in the event of a natural or
manmade disaster or other disruption of normal business operations.
(m) Provide appropriate and necessary recordkeeping and documentation as required by state
and federal law and retain copies of the patient's prescriptions.
(n) Comply with the privacy and confidentiality requirements of the federal Health Insurance
Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA).
125286.30. Administration and Enforcement
The California State Board of Pharmacy shall administer and enforce this article.
125286.35. Exemptions
Nothing in this article shall apply to either hospital pharmacies or health system pharmacies that
dispense blood clotting products due only to emergency, urgent care, or inpatient encounters, or if
an inpatient is discharged with a supply of blood clotting products for home use.
DIVISION 116. SURPLUS MEDICATION COLLECTION AND DISTRIBUTION
CHAPTER 2. HEALTH FACILITIES
150200. Legislative Intent to Establish Voluntary Drug Repository and Distribution
Program
It is the intent of the Legislature in enacting this division to authorize the establishment of a
voluntary drug repository and distribution program for the purpose of distributing surplus
medications to persons in need of financial assistance to ensure access to necessary
pharmaceutical therapies. It is also the intent of the Legislature that the health and safety of
Californians are protected and promoted through this program, while reducing unnecessary waste
at licensed health and care facilities, by allowing those facilities to donate unused and unexpired
medications that were never in the hands of a patient or resident and for which no credit or refund
to the patient or resident could be received.
150201. Definitions
(a) "Eligible entity" means all of the following:
(1) A licensed pharmacy, as defined in subdivision (a) of Section 4037 of the Business and
Professions Code, that is county owned or that contracts with the county pursuant to this division
and is not on probation with the California State Board of Pharmacy.
(2) A licensed pharmacy, as defined in subdivision (a) of Section 4037 of the Business and
Professions Code, that is owned and operated by a primary care clinic, as defined in
Section 1204, that is licensed by the State Department of Public Health and is not on probation
with the California State Board of Pharmacy.
(3) A primary care clinic, as defined in Section 1204, that is licensed by the State Department of
Public Health and licensed to administer and dispense drugs pursuant to subparagraph (A) of
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paragraph (1) of subdivision (a) of Section 4180 of the Business and Professions Code and is not
on probation with the California State Board of Pharmacy.
(b) "Medication" or "medications" means a dangerous drug, as defined in Section 4022 of the
Business and Professions Code.
(c) "Participating entity" means an eligible entity that has received written or electronic
documentation from the county health department pursuant to paragraph (3) of subdivision (a) of
Section 150204 and that operates a repository and distribution program pursuant to this division.
150202. Authorized Donations of Unused Medications
(a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the following health and care facilities may
donate centrally stored unused medications under a program established pursuant to this division:
(1) A licensed general acute care hospital, as defined in Section 1250.
(2) A licensed acute psychiatric hospital, as defined in Section 1250.
(3) A licensed skilled nursing facility, as defined in Section 1250, including a skilled nursing
facility designated as an institution for mental disease.
(4) A licensed intermediate care facility, as defined in Section 1250.
(5) A licensed intermediate care facility/developmentally disabled-habilitative facility, as
defined in Section 1250.
(6) A licensed intermediate care facility/developmentally disabled-nursing facility, as defined in
Section 1250.
(7) A licensed correctional treatment center, as defined in Section 1250.
(8) A licensed psychiatric health facility, as defined in Section 1250.2.
(9) A licensed chemical dependency recovery hospital, as defined in Section 1250.3.
(10) A licensed residential care facility for the elderly, as defined in Section 1569.2, with 16 or
more residents.
(11) An approved mental health rehabilitation center, as described in Section 5675 of the
Welfare and Institutions Code.
(b) Medication donated by health and care facilities pursuant to subdivision (a) shall meet the
requirements of subdivisions (c) and
(d) of Section 150204 and shall be unexpired medication that would have otherwise been
destroyed by the facility or another appropriate entity.
(c) Medication eligible for donation by the health and care facilities pursuant to subdivision (a)
shall be directly delivered from the dispensing pharmacy, wholesaler or manufacturer, to the
health or care facility and subsequently centrally stored. Centrally stored medication that
originated from a patient or resident is not eligible for donation under this division.
150202.5. Authorized Donations of Unused Medications; Manufacturer Medications
Notwithstanding any other law, a pharmacy, licensed in California and not on probation with the
California State Board of Pharmacy, whose primary or sole type of pharmacy practice type is
limited to a skilled nursing facility, home health care, board and care, or mail order, may donate
unused, unexpired medication that meets the requirements of subdivisions (c) and (d) of Section
150204, under a program established pursuant to this division and that meets either of the
following requirements:
(a) The medication was received directly from a manufacturer or wholesaler.
(b) The medication was returned from a health facility to the issuing pharmacy, in a manner
consistent with state and federal law.
150203. Drug Wholesalers or Manufacturers May Donate Unused Medications
Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a wholesaler licensed pursuant to Article 11
(commencing with Section 4160) of Chapter 9 of Division 2 of the Business and Professions
Code and a drug manufacturer that is legally authorized under federal law to manufacture and sell
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pharmaceutical drugs may donate unused medications under the voluntary drug repository and
distribution program established by a county pursuant to this division.
150204. County May Establish Repository and Distribution Program for Dispensing
Donated Drugs
(a) (1) A county may establish, by an action of the county board of supervisors or by an action
of the public health officer of the county, as directed by the county board of supervisors, a
repository and distribution program for purposes of this division. The county shall advise the
California State Board of Pharmacy within 30 days from the date it establishes a repository and
distribution program.
(2) Only an eligible entity, pursuant to subdivision (a) of Section 150201, may participate in
this program to dispense medication donated to the drug repository and distribution program.
(3) An eligible entity that seeks to participate in the program shall inform the county health
department and the California State Board of Pharmacy in writing of its intent to participate in the
program. An eligible entity may not participate in the program until it has received written or
electronic documentation from the county health department confirming that the department has
received its notice of intent.
(4) (A) A participating entity shall disclose to the county health department on a quarterly basis
the name and location of the source of all donated medication it receives.
(B) A participating primary care clinic, as described in paragraph (3) of subdivision (a) of
Section 150201 shall disclose to the county health department the name of the licensed physician
who shall be accountable to the California State Board of Pharmacy for the clinic's program
operations pursuant to this division. This physician shall be the professional director, as defined
in subdivision (c) of Section 4182 of the Business and Professions Code.
(C) The county board of supervisors or public health officer of the county shall, upon request,
make available to the California State Board of Pharmacy the information in this division.
(5) The county board of supervisors, the public health officer of the county, and the California
State Board of Pharmacy may prohibit an eligible or participating entity from participating in the
program if the entity does not comply with the provisions of the program, pursuant to this
division. If the county board of supervisors, the public health officer of the county, or the
California State Board of Pharmacy prohibits an eligible or participating entity from participating
in the program, it shall provide written notice to the prohibited entity within 15 days of making
this determination. The county board of supervisors, the public health officer of the county, and
the California State Board of Pharmacy shall ensure that this notice also is provided to one
another.
(b) A county that elects to establish a repository and distribution program pursuant to this
division shall establish written procedures for, at a minimum, all of the following:
(1) Establishing eligibility for medically indigent patients who may participate in the program.
(2) Ensuring that patients eligible for the program shall not be charged for any medications
provided under the program.
(3) Developing a formulary of medications appropriate for the repository and distribution
program.
(4) Ensuring proper safety and management of any medications collected by and maintained
under the authority of a participating entity.
(5) Ensuring the privacy of individuals for whom the medication was originally prescribed.
(c) Any medication donated to the repository and distribution program shall comply with the
requirements specified in this division. Medication donated to the repository and distribution
program shall meet all of the following criteria:
(1) The medication shall not be a controlled substance.
(2) The medication shall not have been adulterated, misbranded, or stored under conditions
contrary to standards set by the United States Pharmacopoeia (USP) or the product manufacturer.
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(3) The medication shall not have been in the possession of a patient or any individual member
of the public, and in the case of medications donated by a health or care facility, as described in
Section 150202, shall have been under the control of a staff member of the health or care facility
who is licensed in California as a health care professional or has completed, at a minimum, the
training requirements specified in Section 1569.69.
(d) Only medication that is donated in unopened, tamper-evident packaging or modified unit
dose containers that meet USP standards is eligible for donation to the repository and distribution
program, provided lot numbers and expiration dates are affixed. Medication donated in opened
containers shall not be dispensed by the repository and distribution program and once identified,
shall be quarantined immediately and handled and disposed of in accordance with the Medical
Waste Management Act (Part 14 (commencing with Section 117600) of Division 104).
(e) A pharmacist or physician at a participating entity shall use his or her professional judgment
in determining whether donated medication meets the standards of this division before accepting
or dispensing any medication under the repository and distribution program.
(f) A pharmacist or physician shall adhere to standard pharmacy practices, as required by state
and federal law, when dispensing all medications.
(g) Medication that is donated to the repository and distribution program shall be handled in the
following ways:
(1) Dispensed to an eligible patient.
(2) Destroyed.
(3) Returned to a reverse distributor or licensed waste hauler.
(4) (A) Transferred to another participating entity within the county to be dispensed to eligible
patients pursuant to this division. Notwithstanding this paragraph, a participating county-owned
pharmacy may transfer eligible donated medication to a participating county-owned pharmacy
within another adjacent county that has adopted a program pursuant to this division, if the
pharmacies transferring the medication have a written agreement between the entities that
outlines protocols and procedures for safe and appropriate drug transfer that are consistent with
this division.
(B) Medication donated under this division shall not be transferred by any participating entity
more than once, and after it has been transferred, shall be dispensed to an eligible patient,
destroyed, or returned to a reverse distributor or licensed waste hauler.
(C) Medication transferred pursuant to this paragraph shall be transferred with documentation
that identifies the drug name, strength, and quantity of the medication, and the donation facility
from where the medication originated shall be identified on medication packaging or in
accompanying documentation. The document shall include a statement that the medication may
not be transferred to another participating entity and must be handled pursuant to subparagraph
(B). A copy of this document shall be kept by the participating entity transferring the medication
and the participating entity receiving the medication.
(h) Medication that is donated to the repository and distribution program that does not meet the
requirements of this division shall not be distributed or transferred under this program and shall
be either destroyed or returned to a reverse distributor. This medication shall not be sold,
dispensed, or otherwise transferred to any other entity.
(i) Medication donated to the repository and distribution program shall be maintained in the
donated packaging units until dispensed to an eligible patient under this program, who presents a
valid prescription. When dispensed to an eligible patient under this program, the medication shall
be in a new and properly labeled container, specific to the eligible patient and ensuring the
privacy of the individuals for whom the medication was initially dispensed. Expired medication
shall not be dispensed.
(j) Medication donated to the repository and distribution program shall be segregated from the
participating entity's other drug stock by physical means, for purposes including, but not limited
to, inventory, accounting, and inspection.
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(k) A participating entity shall keep complete records of the acquisition and disposition of
medication donated to, and transferred, dispensed, and destroyed under, the repository and
distribution program. These records shall be kept separate from the participating entity's other
acquisition and disposition records and shall conform to the Pharmacy Law (Chapter 9
(commencing with Section 4000) of Division 2 of the Business and Professions Code), including
being readily retrievable.
(l) Local and county protocols established pursuant to this division shall conform to the
Pharmacy Law regarding packaging, transporting, storing, and dispensing all medications.
(m) County protocols established for packaging, transporting, storing, and dispensing
medications that require refrigeration, including, but not limited to, any biological product as
defined in Section 351 of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. Sec. 262), an intravenously
injected drug, or an infused drug, shall include specific procedures to ensure that these
medications are packaged, transported, stored, and dispensed at appropriate temperatures and in
accordance with USP standards and the Pharmacy Law.
(n) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a participating entity shall follow the same
procedural drug pedigree requirements for donated drugs as it would follow for drugs purchased
from a wholesaler or directly from a drug manufacturer.
150205. Liability
The following persons and entities shall not be subject to criminal or civil liability for injury
caused when donating, accepting, or dispensing prescription drugs in compliance with this
division:
(a) A prescription drug manufacturer, wholesaler, governmental entity, or participating entity.
(b) A pharmacist or physician who accepts or dispenses prescription drugs.
(c) A licensed health or care facility, as described in Section 150202, or a pharmacy, as
described in Section 150202.5.
150206. No Immunity for Noncompliance or Negligence
The immunities provided in Section 150205 shall not apply in cases of noncompliance with this
division, bad faith, or gross negligence.
150207. Disciplinary Actions
Nothing in this division shall affect disciplinary actions taken by licensing and regulatory
agencies.
CALIFORNIA CIVIL CODE
Division 1. Persons
PART 2.6. CONFIDENTIALITY OF MEDICAL INFORMATION
CHAPTER 1. DEFINITIONS
Section
56. Citation
56.05. Definitions
56.06. Application to Businesses
56.07. Corporation or Entity to Provide Patient with Copy of Medical Information, Profile or
Summary Maintained
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CHAPTER 2. DISCLOSURE OF MEDICAL INFORMATION BY PROVIDERS
56.1007Authorized Disclosure of Medical Information
56.10. Prohibition of Unauthorized Disclosure of Medical Information
56.101. Protection of Electronic Medical Information Integrity; Record Changes Made to Electronic
Medical Record
56.102. Disclosure of Medical Information to Pharmaceutical Company not Required; Exceptions
56.104. Standards for Disclosing Information Related to Outpatient Psychotherapy
56.105. Disclosure of Records in Malpractice Suits
56.11. Standards for Authorizing Medical Information Disclosure
56.12. Requirement to Furnish Information
56.13. Prohibition of Further Disclosure
56.14. Limitations on Use of Disclosed Information
56.15. Patient’s Right to Cancel or Modify Disclosure Authorization
56.16. Information Providers May Disclose Without Authorization
CHAPTER 6. RELATIONSHIP TO EXISTING LAW
56.30. Exceptions to the Act
56.31. Disclosure of Patient Information Related to HIV Prohibited without Authorization
CHAPTER 7. VIOLATIONS
56.35. Limitation on Damage Awards and Attorney Fee Awards
56.36. Penalties
56.37. Requiring Patient to Authorize Disclosure of Information as a Condition for
Service is Prohibited
CONFIDENTIALITY OF MEDICAL INFORMATION
56. Citation/Confidentialityof Medical Information Act
This part may be cited as the Confidentiality of Medical Information Act.
56.05. Definitions
For purposes of this part:
(a) "Authorization" means permission granted in accordance with Section 56.11 or 56.21 for the
disclosure of medical information.
(b) "Authorized recipient" means any person who is authorized to receive medical information
pursuant to Section 56.10 or 56.20.
(c) "Contractor" means any person or entity that is a medical group, independent practice
association, pharmaceutical benefits manager, or a medical service organization and is not a
health care service plan or provider of health care. "Contractor" does not include insurance
institutions as defined in subdivision (k) of Section 791.02 of the Insurance Code or
pharmaceutical benefits managers licensed pursuant to the Knox-Keene Health Care Service Plan
Act of 1975 (Chapter 2.2 (commencing with Section 1340) of Division 2 of the Health and Safety
Code).
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(d) "Health care service plan" means any entity regulated pursuant to the Knox-Keene Health
Care Service Plan Act of 1975 (Chapter 2.2 (commencing with Section 1340) of Division 2 of the
Health and Safety Code).
(e) "Licensed health care professional" means any person licensed or certified pursuant to
Division 2 (commencing with Section 500) of the Business and Professions Code, the
Osteopathic Initiative Act or the Chiropractic Initiative Act, or Division 2.5 (commencing with
Section 1797) of the Health and Safety Code.
(f) "Marketing" means to make a communication about a product or service that encourages
recipients of the communication to purchase or use the product or service.
"Marketing" does not include any of the following:
(1) Communications made orally or in writing for which the communicator does not receive
direct or indirect remuneration, including, but not limited to, gifts, fees, payments, subsidies, or
other economic benefits, from a third party for making the communication.
(2) Communications made to current enrollees solely for the purpose of describing a provider's
participation in an existing health care provider network or health plan network of a Knox-Keene
licensed health plan to which the enrollees already subscribe; communications made to current
enrollees solely for the purpose of describing if, and the extent to which, a product or service, or
payment for a product or service, is provided by a provider, contractor, or plan or included in a
plan of benefits of a Knox-Keene licensed health plan to which the enrollees already subscribe; or
communications made to plan enrollees describing the availability of more cost-effective
pharmaceuticals.
(3) Communications that are tailored to the circumstances of a particular individual to educate
or advise the individual about treatment options, and otherwise maintain the individual's
adherence to a prescribed course of medical treatment, as provided in Section 1399.901 of the
Health and Safety Code, for a chronic and seriously debilitating or life-threatening condition as
defined in subdivisions (d) and (e) of Section 1367.21 of the Health and Safety Code, if the health
care provider, contractor, or health plan receives direct or indirect remuneration, including, but
not limited to, gifts, fees, payments, subsidies, or other economic benefits, from a third party for
making the communication, if all of the following apply:
(A) The individual receiving the communication is notified in the communication in
typeface no smaller than 14-point type of the fact that the provider, contractor, or health plan has
been remunerated and the source of the remuneration.
(B) The individual is provided the opportunity to opt out of receiving future remunerated
communications.
(C) The communication contains instructions in typeface no smaller than 14-point type
describing how the individual can opt out of receiving further communications by calling a tollfree number of the health care provider, contractor, or health plan making the remunerated
communications. No further communication may be made to an individual who has opted out
after 30 calendar days from the date the individual makes the opt out request.
(g) "Medical information" means any individually identifiable information, in electronic or
physical form, in possession of or derived from a provider of health care, health care service plan,
pharmaceutical company, or contractor regarding a patient's medical history, mental or physical
condition, or treatment. "Individually identifiable" means that the medical information includes
or contains any element of personal identifying information sufficient to allow identification of
the individual, such as the patient's name, address, electronic mail address, telephone number, or
social security number, or other information that, alone or in combination with other publicly
available information, reveals the individual's identity.
(h) "Patient" means any natural person, whether or not still living, who received health care
services from a provider of health care and to whom medical information pertains.
(i) "Pharmaceutical company" means any company or business, or an agent or representative
thereof, that manufactures, sells, or distributes pharmaceuticals, medications, or prescription
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drugs. "Pharmaceutical company" does not include a pharmaceutical benefits manager, as
included in subdivision (c), or a provider of health care.
(j) "Provider of health care" means any person licensed or certified pursuant to Division 2
(commencing with Section 500) of the Business and Professions Code; any person licensed
pursuant to the Osteopathic Initiative Act or the Chiropractic Initiative Act; any person certified
pursuant to Division 2.5 (commencing with Section 1797) of the Health and Safety Code; any
clinic, health dispensary, or health facility licensed pursuant to Division 2 (commencing with
Section 1200) of the Health and Safety Code. "Provider of health care" does not include
insurance institutions as defined in subdivision (k) of Section 791.02 of the Insurance Code.
56.06. Application to Businesses
(a) Any business organized for the purpose of maintaining medical information in order to make
the information available to an individual or to a provider of health care at the request of the
individual or a provider of health care, for purposes of allowing the individual to manage his or
her information, or for the diagnosis and treatment of the individual, shall be deemed to be a
provider of health care subject to the requirements of this part. However, nothing in this section
shall be construed to make a business specified in this subdivision a provider of health care for
purposes of any law other than this part, including laws that specifically incorporate by reference
the definitions of this part.
(b) Any business described in subdivision (a) shall maintain the same standards of
confidentiality required of a provider of health care with respect to medical information disclosed
to the business.
(c) Any business described in subdivision (a) shall be subject to the penalties for improper use
and disclosure of medical information prescribed in this part.
56.07. Corporation or Entity to Provide Patient with Copy of Medical Information, Profile
or Summary Maintained
(a) Except as provided in subdivision (c), upon the patient's written request, any corporation
described in Section 56.06, or any other entity that compiles or maintains medical information for
any reason, shall provide the patient, at no charge, with a copy of any medical profile, summary,
or information maintained by the corporation or entity with respect to the patient.
(b) A request by a patient pursuant to this section shall not be deemed to be an authorization by
the patient for the release or disclosure of any information to any person or entity other than the
patient.
(c) This section shall not apply to any patient records that are subject to inspection by the patient
pursuant to Section 123110 of the Health and Safety Code and shall not be deemed to limit the
right of a health care provider to charge a fee for the preparation of a summary of patient records
as provided in Section 123130 of the Health and Safety Code. This section shall not apply to a
health care service plan licensed pursuant to Chapter 2.2 (commencing with Section 1340) of
Division 2 of the Health and Safety Code or a disability insurer licensed pursuant to the Insurance
Code. This section shall not apply to medical information compiled or maintained by a fire and
casualty insurer or its retained counsel in the regular course of investigating or litigating a claim
under a policy of insurance that it has written. For the purposes of this section, a fire and casualty
insurer is an insurer writing policies that may be sold by a fire and casualty licensee pursuant to
Section 1625 of the Insurance Code.
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CHAPTER 2. DISCLOSURE OF MEDICAL INFORMATION BY PROVIDERS
56.1007. Authorized Disclosure of Medical Information
(a) A provider of health care, health care service plan, or contractor may, in accordance with
subdivision (c) or (d), disclose to a family member, other relative, domestic partner, or a close
personal friend of the patient, or any other person identified by the patient, the medical
information directly relevant to that person's involvement with the patient's care or payment
related to the patient's health care.
(b) A provider of health care, health care service plan, or contractor may use or disclose medical
information to notify, or assist in the notification of, including identifying or locating, a family
member, a personal representative of the patient, a domestic partner, or another person
responsible for the care of the patient of the patient's location, general condition, or death. Any
use or disclosure of medical information for those notification purposes shall be in accordance
with the provisions of subdivision (c), (d), or (e), as applicable.
(c) (1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), if the patient is present for, or otherwise available
prior to, a use or disclosure permitted by subdivision (a) or (b) and has the capacity to make
health care decisions, the provider of health care, health care service plan, or contractor may use
or disclose the medical information if it does any of the following:
(A) Obtains the patient's agreement.
(B) Provides the patient with the opportunity to object to the disclosure, and the patient does
not express an objection.
(C) Reasonably infers from the circumstances, based on the exercise of professional
judgment, that the patient does not object to the disclosure.
(2) A provider of health care who is a psychotherapist, as defined in Section 1010 of the
Evidence Code, may use or disclose medical information pursuant to this subdivision only if the
psychotherapist complies with subparagraph (A) or (B) of paragraph (1).
(d) If the patient is not present, or the opportunity to agree or object to the use or disclosure
cannot practicably be provided because of the patient's incapacity or an emergency circumstance,
the provider of health care, health care service plan, or contractor may, in the exercise of
professional judgment, determine whether the disclosure is in the best interests of the patient and,
if so, disclose only the medical information that is directly relevant to the person's involvement
with the patient's health care. A provider of health care, health care service plan, or contractor
may use professional judgment and its experience with common practice to make reasonable
inferences of the patient's best interest in allowing a person to act on behalf of the patient to pick
up filled prescriptions, medical supplies, X-rays, or other similar forms of medical information.
(e) A provider of health care, health care service plan, or contractor may use or disclose medical
information to a public or private entity authorized by law or by its charter to assist in disaster
relief efforts, for the purpose of coordinating with those entities the uses or disclosures permitted
by subdivision (b). The requirements in subdivisions (c) and (d) apply to those uses and
disclosures to the extent that the provider of health care, health care service plan, or contractor, in
the exercise of professional judgment, determines that the requirements do not interfere with the
ability to respond to the emergency circumstances.
(f) Nothing in this section shall be construed to interfere with or limit the access authority of
Protection and Advocacy, Inc., the Office of Patients' Rights, or any county patients' rights
advocates to access medical information pursuant to any state or federal law.
56.10. Prohibition of Unauthorized Disclosure of Medical Information
(a) No provider of health care, health care service plan, or contractor shall disclose medical
information regarding a patient of the provider of health care or an enrollee or subscriber of a
health care service plan without first obtaining an authorization, except as provided in subdivision
(b) or (c).
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(b) A provider of health care, a health care service plan, or a contractor shall disclose medical
information if the disclosure is compelled by any of the following:
(1) By a court pursuant to an order of that court.
(2) By a board, commission, or administrative agency for purposes of adjudication pursuant to
its lawful authority.
(3) By a party to a proceeding before a court or administrative agency pursuant to a subpoena,
subpoena duces tecum, notice to appear served pursuant to Section 1987 of the Code of Civil
Procedure, or any provision authorizing discovery in a proceeding before a court or
administrative agency.
(4) By a board, commission, or administrative agency pursuant to an investigative subpoena
issued under Article 2 (commencing with Section 11180) of Chapter 2 of Part 1 of Division 3 of
Title 2 of the Government Code.
(5) By an arbitrator or arbitration panel, when arbitration is lawfully requested by either party,
pursuant to a subpoena duces tecum issued under Section 1282.6 of the Code of Civil Procedure,
or another provision authorizing discovery in a proceeding before an arbitrator or arbitration
panel.
(6) By a search warrant lawfully issued to a governmental law enforcement agency.
(7) By the patient or the patient's representative pursuant to Chapter 1 (commencing with
Section 123100) of Part 1 of Division 106 of the Health and Safety Code.
(8) By a coroner, when requested in the course of an investigation by the coroner's office for
the purpose of identifying the decedent or locating next of kin, or when investigating deaths that
may involve public health concerns, organ or tissue donation, child abuse, elder abuse, suicides,
poisonings, accidents, sudden infant deaths, suspicious deaths, unknown deaths, or criminal
deaths, or when otherwise authorized by the decedent's representative. Medical information
requested by the coroner under this paragraph shall be limited to information regarding the patient
who is the decedent and who is the subject of the investigation and shall be disclosed to the
coroner without delay upon request.
(9) When otherwise specifically required by law.
(c) A provider of health care or a health care service plan may disclose medical information as
follows:
(1) The information may be disclosed to providers of health care, health care service plans,
contractors, or other health care professionals or facilities for purposes of diagnosis or treatment
of the patient. This includes, in an emergency situation, the communication of patient information
by radio transmission or other means between emergency medical personnel at the scene of an
emergency, or in an emergency medical transport vehicle, and emergency medical personnel at a
health facility licensed pursuant to Chapter 2 (commencing with Section 1250) of Division 2 of
the Health and Safety Code.
(2) The information may be disclosed to an insurer, employer, health care service plan, hospital
service plan, employee benefit plan, governmental authority, contractor, or any other person or
entity responsible for paying for health care services rendered to the patient, to the extent
necessary to allow responsibility for payment to be determined and payment to be made. If (A)
the patient is, by reason of a comatose or other disabling medical condition, unable to consent to
the disclosure of medical information and (B) no other arrangements have been made to pay for
the health care services being rendered to the patient, the information may be disclosed to a
governmental authority to the extent necessary to determine the patient's eligibility for, and to
obtain, payment under a governmental program for health care services provided to the patient.
The information may also be disclosed to another provider of health care or health care service
plan as necessary to assist the other provider or health care service plan in obtaining payment for
health care services rendered by that provider of health care or health care service plan to the
patient.
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(3) The information may be disclosed to a person or entity that provides billing, claims
management, medical data processing, or other administrative services for providers of health
care or health care service plans or for any of the persons or entities specified in paragraph (2).
However, information so disclosed shall not be further disclosed by the recipient in a way that
would violate this part.
(4) The information may be disclosed to organized committees and agents of professional
societies or of medical staffs of licensed hospitals, licensed health care service plans, professional
standards review organizations, independent medical review organizations and their selected
reviewers, utilization and quality control peer review organizations as established by Congress in
Public Law 97-248 in 1982, contractors, or persons or organizations insuring, responsible for, or
defending professional liability that a provider may incur, if the committees, agents, health care
service plans, organizations, reviewers, contractors, or persons are engaged in reviewing the
competence or qualifications of health care professionals or in reviewing health care services with
respect to medical necessity, level of care, quality of care, or justification of charges.
(5) The information in the possession of a provider of health care or health care service plan
may be reviewed by a private or public body responsible for licensing or accrediting the provider
of health care or health care service plan. However, no patient-identifying medical information
may be removed from the premises except as expressly permitted or required elsewhere by law,
nor shall that information be further disclosed by the recipient in a way that would violate this
part.
(6) The information may be disclosed to the county coroner in the course of an investigation by
the coroner's office when requested for all purposes not included in paragraph (8) of subdivision
(b).
(7) The information may be disclosed to public agencies, clinical investigators, including
investigators conducting epidemiologic studies, health care research organizations, and accredited
public or private nonprofit educational or health care institutions for bona fide research purposes.
However, no information so disclosed shall be further disclosed by the recipient in a way that
would disclose the identity of a patient or violate this part.
(8) A provider of health care or health care service plan that has created medical information as
a result of employment-related health care services to an employee conducted at the specific prior
written request and expense of the employer may disclose to the employee's employer that part of
the information that:
(A) Is relevant in a lawsuit, arbitration, grievance, or other claim or challenge to which the
employer and the employee are parties and in which the patient has placed in issue his or her
medical history, mental or physical condition, or treatment, provided that information may only
be used or disclosed in connection with that proceeding.
(B) Describes functional limitations of the patient that may entitle the patient to leave from
work for medical reasons or limit the patient's fitness to perform his or her present employment,
provided that no statement of medical cause is included in the information disclosed.
(9) Unless the provider of health care or health care service plan is notified in writing of an
agreement by the sponsor, insurer, or administrator to the contrary, the information may be
disclosed to a sponsor, insurer, or administrator of a group or individual insured or uninsured plan
or policy that the patient seeks coverage by or benefits from, if the information was created by the
provider of health care or health care service plan as the result of services conducted at the
specific prior written request and expense of the sponsor, insurer, or administrator for the purpose
of evaluating the application for coverage or benefits.
(10) The information may be disclosed to a health care service plan by providers of health care
that contract with the health care service plan and may be transferred among providers of health
care that contract with the health care service plan, for the purpose of administering the health
care service plan. Medical information shall not otherwise be disclosed by a health care service
plan except in accordance with this part.
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(11) This part does not prevent the disclosure by a provider of health care or a health care
service plan to an insurance institution, agent, or support organization, subject to Article 6.6
(commencing with Section 791) of Chapter 1 of Part 2 of Division 1 of the Insurance Code, of
medical information if the insurance institution, agent, or support organization has complied with
all of the requirements for obtaining the information pursuant to Article 6.6 (commencing with
Section 791) of Chapter 1 of Part 2 of Division 1 of the Insurance Code.
(12) The information relevant to the patient's condition, care, and treatment provided may be
disclosed to a probate court investigator in the course of an investigation required or authorized
in a conservatorship proceeding under the Guardianship-Conservatorship Law as defined in
Section 1400 of the Probate Code, or to a probate court investigator, probation officer, or
domestic relations investigator engaged in determining the need for an initial guardianship or
continuation of an existing guardianship.
(13) The information may be disclosed to an organ procurement organization or a tissue bank
processing the tissue of a decedent for transplantation into the body of another person, but only
with respect to the donating decedent, for the purpose of aiding the transplant. For the purpose of
this paragraph, "tissue bank" and "tissue" have the same meanings as defined in Section 1635 of
the Health and Safety Code.
(14) The information may be disclosed when the disclosure is otherwise specifically authorized
by law, including, but not limited to, the voluntary reporting, either directly or indirectly, to the
federal Food and Drug Administration of adverse events related to drug products or medical
device problems.
(15) Basic information, including the patient's name, city of residence, age, sex, and general
condition, may be disclosed to a state-recognized or federally recognized disaster relief
organization for the purpose of responding to disaster welfare inquiries.
(16) The information may be disclosed to a third party for purposes of encoding, encrypting, or
otherwise anonymizing data. However, no information so disclosed shall be further disclosed by
the recipient in a way that would violate this part, including the unauthorized manipulation of
coded or encrypted medical information that reveals individually identifiable medical
information.
(17) For purposes of disease management programs and services as defined in Section
1399.901 of the Health and Safety Code, information may be disclosed as follows: (A) to an
entity contracting with a health care service plan or the health care service plan's contractors to
monitor or administer care of enrollees for a covered benefit, if the disease management services
and care are authorized by a treating physician, or (B) to a disease management organization, as
defined in Section 1399.900 of the Health and Safety Code, that complies fully with the physician
authorization requirements of Section 1399.902 of the Health and Safety Code, if the health care
service plan or its contractor provides or has provided a description of the disease management
services to a treating physician or to the health care service plan's or contractor's network of
physicians. This paragraph does not require physician authorization for the care or treatment of
the adherents of a well-recognized church or religious denomination who depend solely upon
prayer or spiritual means for healing in the practice of the religion of that church or
denomination.
(18) The information may be disclosed, as permitted by state and federal law or regulation, to a
local health department for the purpose of preventing or controlling disease, injury, or disability,
including, but not limited to, the reporting of disease, injury, vital events, including, but not
limited to, birth or death, and the conduct of public health surveillance, public health
investigations, and public health interventions, as authorized or required by state or federal law or
regulation.
(19) The information may be disclosed, consistent with applicable law and standards of ethical
conduct, by a psychotherapist, as defined in Section 1010 of the Evidence Code, if the
psychotherapist, in good faith, believes the disclosure is necessary to prevent or lessen a serious
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and imminent threat to the health or safety of a reasonably foreseeable victim or victims, and the
disclosure is made to a person or persons reasonably able to prevent or lessen the threat, including
the target of the threat.
(20) The information may be disclosed as described in Section 56.103.
(21) (A) The information may be disclosed to an employee welfare benefit plan, as defined
under Section 3(1) of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (29 U.S.C. Sec.
1002(1)), which is formed under Section 302(c)(5) of the Taft-Hartley Act (29 U.S.C. Sec.
186(c)(5)), to the extent that the employee welfare benefit plan provides medical care, and may
also be disclosed to an entity contracting with the employee welfare benefit plan for billing,
claims management, medical data processing, or other administrative services related to the
provision of medical care to persons enrolled in the employee welfare benefit plan for health care
coverage, if all of the following conditions are met:
(i) The disclosure is for the purpose of determining eligibility, coordinating benefits, or
allowing the employee welfare benefit plan, or the contracting entity, to advocate on the behalf of
a patient or enrollee with a provider, a health care service plan, or a state or federal regulatory
agency.
(ii) The request for the information is accompanied by a written authorization for the release
of the information submitted in a manner consistent with subdivision (a) and Section 56.11.
(iii) The disclosure is authorized by and made in a manner consistent with the Health
Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (Public Law 104-191).
(iv) Any information disclosed is not further used or disclosed by the recipient in any way that
would directly or indirectly violate this part or the restrictions imposed by Part 164 of Title 45 of
the Code of Federal Regulations, including the manipulation of the information in any way that
might reveal individually identifiable medical information.
(B) For purposes of this paragraph, Section 1374.8 of the Health and Safety Code shall not
apply.
(d) Except to the extent expressly authorized by a patient or enrollee or subscriber or as provided
by subdivisions (b) and (c), a provider of health care, health care service plan, contractor, or
corporation and its subsidiaries and affiliates shall not intentionally share, sell, use for marketing,
or otherwise use medical information for a purpose not necessary to provide health care services
to the patient.
(e) Except to the extent expressly authorized by a patient or enrollee or subscriber or as provided
by subdivisions (b) and (c), a contractor or corporation and its subsidiaries and affiliates shall not
further disclose medical information regarding a patient of the provider of health care or an
enrollee or subscriber of a health care service plan or insurer or self-insured employer received
under this section to a person or entity that is not engaged in providing direct health care services
to the patient or his or her provider of health care or health care service plan or insurer or selfinsured employer.
56.101. Protection of Electronic Medical Information Integrity; Record Changes Made to
Electronic Medical Record
(a) Every provider of health care, health care service plan, pharmaceutical company, or contractor
who creates, maintains, preserves, stores, abandons, destroys, or disposes of medical information shall
do so in a manner that preserves the confidentiality of the information contained therein. Any provider
of health care, health care service plan, pharmaceutical company, or contractor who negligently
creates, maintains, preserves, stores, abandons, destroys, or disposes of medical information shall be
subject to the remedies and penalties provided under subdivisions (b) and (c) of Section
(b) (1) An electronic health record system or electronic medical record system shall do the following:
(A) Protect and preserve the integrity of electronic medical information.
(B) Automatically record and preserve any change or deletion of any electronically stored
medical information. The record of any change or deletion shall include the identity of the person who
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accessed and changed the medical information, the date and time the medical information was
accessed, and the change that was made to the medical information.
(2) A patient’s right to access or receive a copy of his or her electronic medical records upon
request shall be consistent with applicable state and federal laws governing patient access to, and the
use and disclosures of, medical information.
(c) This section shall apply to an “electronic medical record” or “electronic health record” that meets
the definition of “electronic health record,” as that term is defined in Section 17921(5) of Title 42 of
the United States Code.
56.102. Disclosure of Medical Information to Pharmaceutical Company not Required;
Exceptions
(a) A pharmaceutical company may not require a patient, as a condition of receiving
pharmaceuticals, medications, or prescription drugs, to sign an authorization, release, consent, or
waiver that would permit the disclosure of medical information that otherwise may not be
disclosed under Section 56.10 or any other provision of law, unless the disclosure is for one of the
following purposes:
(1) Enrollment of the patient in a patient assistance program or prescription drug discount
program.
(2) Enrollment of the patient in a clinical research project.
(3) Prioritization of distribution to the patient of a prescription medicine in limited supply in
the United States.
(4) Response to an inquiry from the patient communicated in writing, by telephone, or by
electronic mail.
(b) Except as provided in subdivision (a) or Section 56.10, a pharmaceutical company may not
disclose medical information provided to it without first obtaining a valid authorization from the
patient.
56.104. Standards for Disclosing Information Related to Outpatient Psychotherapy
(a) Notwithstanding subdivision (c) of Section 56.10, except as authorized in paragraph (1) of
subdivision (c) of Section 56.10, no provider of health care, health care service plan, or contractor
may release medical information to persons or entities authorized by law to receive that
information pursuant to subdivision (c) of Section 56.10, if the requested information specifically
relates to the patient's participation in outpatient treatment with a psychotherapist, unless the
person or entity requesting that information submits to the patient pursuant to subdivision (b) and
to the provider of health care, health care service plan, or contractor a written request, signed by
the person requesting the information or an authorized agent of the entity requesting the
information, that includes all of the following:
(1) The specific information relating to a patient's participation in outpatient treatment with a
psychotherapist being requested and its specific intended use or uses.
(2) The length of time during which the information will be kept before being destroyed or
disposed of. A person or entity may extend that timeframe, provided that the person or entity
notifies the provider, plan, or contractor of the extension. Any notification of an extension shall
include the specific reason for the extension, the intended use or uses of the information during
the extended time, and the expected date of the destruction of the information.
(3) A statement that the information will not be used for any purpose other than its intended
use.
(4) A statement that the person or entity requesting the information will destroy the information
and all copies in the person's or entity's possession or control, will cause it to be destroyed, or will
return the information and all copies of it before or immediately after the length of time specified
in paragraph (2) has expired.
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(b) The person or entity requesting the information shall submit a copy of the written request
required by this section to the patient within 30 days of receipt of the information requested,
unless the patient has signed a written waiver in the form of a letter signed and submitted by the
patient to the provider of health care or health care service plan waiving notification.
(c) For purposes of this section, "psychotherapist" means a person who is both a
"psychotherapist" as defined in Section 1010 of the Evidence Code and a "provider of health
care" as defined in subdivision (i) of Section 56.05.
(d) This section does not apply to the disclosure or use of medical information by a law
enforcement agency or a regulatory agency when required for an investigation of unlawful
activity or for licensing, certification, or regulatory purposes, unless the disclosure is otherwise
prohibited by law.
(e) Nothing in this section shall be construed to grant any additional authority to a provider of
health care, health care service plan, or contractor to disclose information to a person or entity
without the patient's consent.
56.105. Disclosure of Records for Malpractice Suits
Whenever, prior to the service of a complaint upon a defendant in any action arising out of the
professional negligence of a person holding a valid physician's and surgeon's certificate issued
pursuant to Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 2000) of Division 2 of the Business and
Professions Code, a demand for settlement or offer to compromise is made on a patient's behalf,
the demand or offer shall be accompanied by an authorization to disclose medical information to
persons or organizations insuring, responsible for, or defending professional liability that the
certificate holder may incur. The authorization shall be in accordance with Section 56.11 and
shall authorize disclosure of that information that is necessary to investigate issues of liability and
extent of potential damages in evaluating the merits of the demand for settlement or offer to
compromise.
Notice of any request for medical information made pursuant to an authorization as provided by
this section shall be given to the patient or the patient's legal representative. The notice shall
describe the inclusive subject matter and dates of the materials requested and shall also authorize
the patient or the patient's legal representative to receive, upon request, copies of the information
at his or her expense.
Nothing in this section shall be construed to waive or limit any applicable privileges set forth in
the Evidence Code except for the disclosure of medical information subject to the patient's
authorization. Nothing in this section shall be construed as authorizing a representative of any
person from whom settlement has been demanded to communicate in violation of the physicianpatient privilege with a treating physician except for the medical information request.
The requirements of this section are independent of the requirements of Section 364 of the Code
of Civil Procedure.
56.11. Standards for Authorizing Medical Information Disclosure
Any person or entity that wishes to obtain medical information pursuant to subdivision (a) of
Section 56.10, other than a person or entity authorized to receive medical information pursuant to
subdivision (b) or (c) of Section 56.10, except as provided in paragraph (21) of subdivision (c) of
Section 56.10, shall obtain a valid authorization for the release of this information.
An authorization for the release of medical information by a provider of health care, health care
service plan, pharmaceutical company, or contractor shall be valid if it:
(a) Is handwritten by the person who signs it or is in a typeface no smaller than 14-point type.
(b) Is clearly separate from any other language present on the same page and is executed by a
signature which serves no other purpose than to execute the authorization.
(c) Is signed and dated by one of the following:
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(1) The patient. A patient who is a minor may only sign an authorization for the release of
medical information obtained by a provider of health care, health care service plan,
pharmaceutical company, or contractor in the course of furnishing services to which the minor
could lawfully have consented under Part 1 (commencing with Section 25) or Part 2.7
(commencing with Section 60).
(2) The legal representative of the patient, if the patient is a minor or an incompetent.
However, authorization may not be given under this subdivision for the disclosure of medical
information obtained by the provider of health care, health care service plan, pharmaceutical
company, or contractor in the course of furnishing services to which a minor patient could
lawfully have consented under Part 1 (commencing with Section 25) or Part 2.7 (commencing
with Section 60).
(3) The spouse of the patient or the person financially responsible for the patient, where the
medical information is being sought for the sole purpose of processing an application for health
insurance or for enrollment in a nonprofit hospital plan, a health care service plan, or an employee
benefit plan, and where the patient is to be an enrolled spouse or dependent under the policy or
plan.
(4) The beneficiary or personal representative of a deceased patient.
(d) States the specific uses and limitations on the types of medical information to be disclosed.
(e) States the name or functions of the provider of health care, health care service plan,
pharmaceutical company, or contractor that may disclose the medical information.
(f) States the name or functions of the persons or entities authorized to receive the medical
information.
(g) States the specific uses and limitations on the use of the medical information by the persons
or entities authorized to receive the medical information.
(h) States a specific date after which the provider of health care, health care service plan,
pharmaceutical company, or contractor is no longer authorized to disclose the medical
information.
(i) Advises the person signing the authorization of the right to receive a copy of the
authorization.
56.12. Requirement to Furnish Information
Upon demand by the patient or the person who signed an authorization, a provider of health
care, health care service plan, pharmaceutical company, or contractor possessing the authorization
shall furnish a true copy thereof.
56.13. Prohibition of Further Disclosure
A recipient of medical information pursuant to an authorization as provided by this chapter or
pursuant to the provisions of subdivision (c) of Section 56.10 may not further disclose that
medical information except in accordance with a new authorization that meets the requirements
of Section 56.11, or as specifically required or permitted by other provisions of this chapter or by
law.
56.14. Limitations on Use of Disclosed Information
A provider of health care, health care service plan, o