LAW SOCIETY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA ASSET PURCHASE AGREEMENT PRACTICE CHECKLISTS MANUAL DRAFTING

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LAW SOCIETY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
PRACTICE CHECKLISTS MANUAL
ASSET PURCHASE AGREEMENT
DRAFTING
PROVISIONS TO BE CONSIDERED
NOTES
INTRODUCTION
Purpose and currency of checklist. This checklist is designed to be used with the
CLIENT IDENTIFICATION AND VERIFICATION PROCEDURE (A-1) and ASSET PURCHASE
PROCEDURE (B-1) checklists. The provisions suggested in this checklist must be
considered in relation to the particular facts in the matter at hand and augmented and
revised as appropriate. This checklist is current to September 1, 2013.
Harmonized sales tax (“HST”) and provincial sales tax (“PST”). Until July 1,
2010, most lawyers were obliged to collect goods and services tax (“GST”) in accordance with Part IX of the Excise Tax Act, R.S.C. 1985, c. E-15, and provincial sales
tax (“PST”) in accordance with the Social Service Tax Act, R.S.B.C. 1996, c. 431.
Effective July 1, 2010, PST was eliminated and lawyers were instead required to
collect HST, also imposed under the Excise Tax Act. Effective April 1, 2013, the
Provincial Sales Tax Act, S.B.C. 2012, c. 35, reinstated the PST; in addition, GST
(rather than HST) now applies under Excise Tax Act.
Further information about the GST and PST can be found at www.cra-arc.gc.ca and
www2.gov.bc.ca.
Additional resources. For further information about asset purchases, see Advising
British Columbia Businesses, looseleaf and online (CLEBC, 2006); Buying and
Selling a Business: Annotated Precedents, looseleaf (CLEBC, 2000); British Columbia Personal Property Security Act Practice Manual, looseleaf and online (CLEBC,
1995); and the Due Diligence Deskbook, looseleaf and online (CLEBC, 1994).
CONTENTS
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
Initial Contact
Identification of Parties
Recitals
Assets to Be Sold
Purchase Price and Allocation
Responsibility for Vendor’s Business Liabilities
Escrows
Prorations
Payment of Purchase Price
Security for Vendor in Vendor-Financed Transactions
Closing
Vendor’s Representations and Warranties
Purchaser’s Representations and Warranties
Vendor’s Obligations
Purchaser’s Obligations
Conditions Precedent to Obligations of Purchaser
Conditions Precedent to Obligations of Vendor
Loss or Damage Prior to Closing
General Provisions
Schedules
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NOTES
CHECKLIST
1.
INITIAL CONTACT
1.1 Confirm compliance with Law Society Rules 3-91 to 3-102 on client identification and verification, and complete the CLIENT IDENTIFICATION AND
VERIFICATION PROCEDURE (A-1) CHECKLIST.
2.
IDENTIFICATION OF PARTIES
2.1 If the vendor is a limited company or other entity, consider whether the
principals should be added as covenantors (usually dependent on the history
and long-term (future) financial capability of the vendor; i.e., will the vendor
retain any assets or operations after the sale?).
3.
RECITALS
3.1 General statement of the legal relationships between the parties.
3.2 General statement of the factual background to the transaction.
4.
ASSETS TO BE SOLD
4.1 Tangible property.
.1 Land held in fee simple, including improvements.
.2 Land held under lease, including improvements.
.3 Buildings and improvements.
.4 Machinery, vehicles, and other equipment.
.5 Furniture and accessories.
.6 Computer equipment (a separate class under the Income Tax Act, R.S.C.
1985, c. 1 (5th Supp.)).
4.2 Intangible property.
.1 Trademarks and other company logos.
.2 Trade or brand names.
.3 Copyrights.
.4 Designs and patents.
.5 Computer software, source code and object code.
.6 Restrictive covenants.
.7 Franchises and distributorships.
.8 Licences and leases.
.9 Other industrial or intellectual property, including trade secrets, know
how, company manuals, franchise manuals, computer manuals, etc.
.10 Contracts
4.3 Shares and securities.
4.4 Inventory.
4.5 Accounts receivable.
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4.6 Prepaid expenses.
4.7 Work in progress.
.1 Unfilled orders.
.2 Forward commitments to purchase.
.3 Executory contracts.
4.8 Goodwill.
.1 Right to use business name and domain name.
.2 Customer lists including telephone numbers and other information.
4.9 Property to be excluded (if applicable), for example:
.1 Cash on hand.
.2 Other.
4.10 Clearly state which of the two categories (assets included, assets excluded)
is the general category.
5.
PURCHASE PRICE AND ALLOCATION
5.1 Basis of calculation. Consider the following alternatives:
.1 Capital assets.
(a) Fixed sum; or
(b) Fair market value as determined by a named third party.
.2 Inventories.
(a) Assets are to be valued at the lower of “cost” or “net realizable
value” or otherwise (terms and process for determination to be defined).
(b) Date for taking inventory.
(c) Last day for representatives to agree on valuation.
(d) Where no agreement is reached by representatives, inventory is to
be valued by a third party, such as the auditors of the respective parties or by an independent auditor or arbitrator appointed for this
purpose (consider who pays, whether the decision is binding, and allow sufficient time prior to closing).
.3 Accounts receivable and prepaid expenses.
(a) To be valued at “net book value” (to be defined) or other agreedupon basis at time of closing or other effective date determined as
agreed, or on same basis as set out in item 5.1.2(d).
(b) Allowance for doubtful accounts.
(c) Joint election under Income Tax Act, s. 22(1).
.4 Deduction of amount for warranty or product liability claims.
5.2 Allocation.
.1 To land.
.2 To buildings and improvements.
.3 To leasehold interests.
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.4 To machinery, equipment, and vehicles.
.5 To prepaid expenses.
.6 To inventory.
.7 To accounts receivable (consider warranty and reduction of price if
receivables are not paid within a certain time).
.8 To intangible property and material contracts.
.9 To goodwill.
.10 Consider with a tax advisor the ramifications if the Canada Revenue
Agency were to reallocate under the Income Tax Act.
5.3 Holdback. Consider placing holdback funds in trust with the purchaser’s
solicitor or other party until all liabilities are paid/accounts receivable collected.
6.
RESPONSIBILITY FOR VENDOR’S BUSINESS LIABILITIES
6.1 Liabilities to be paid by the vendor.
6.2 Liabilities to be assumed by the purchaser, with set-off against purchase
price (as agreed).
.1 Current liabilities of the vendor incurred before the closing time and set
out in writing at the time of closing.
.2 Balances owing as of time of closing under mortgages, security agreements, and other instruments of indebtedness set out in a schedule.
.3 Other obligations.
.4 Exclusions.
7.
ESCROWS
7.1 Consider the following for a possible escrow (providing for the application
of funds to be used to discharge the following):
.1 Liabilities outstanding on closing.
.2 Taxes.
.3 Accounts payable.
.4 Pending litigation.
.5 Potential product liability and warranty claims.
.6 Environmental concerns.
.7 In support of the vendor’s representations and warranties (i.e., a general
holdback).
8.
PRORATIONS
8.1 Consider prorating the following amounts as between the vendor and the
purchaser depending on the date of closing (may be dealt with in adjustments):
.1 Insurance.
.2 Telephone bills and listings.
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.3 Utility bills or “final readings”.
.4 Rent and security deposits.
.5 Alarm service system and deposit.
.6 Utility deposits.
.7 Fees and transferable licences.
.8 Maintenance contracts on equipment.
.9 Leases for equipment and signage.
.10 Leases on motor vehicles.
.11 Property tax.
.12 Advertising: in yellow pages or multiple newspaper insertions.
.13 Other.
9.
PAYMENT OF PURCHASE PRICE
9.1 Time for payment. May be a mixture of the following:
.1 On execution of the contract (e.g., as a deposit; see item 9.3).
.2 On closing.
.3 Payment by installments.
(a) Acceleration clause in the event of a default or other circumstance.
(b) Prepayment and prepayment penalty.
(c) Interest.
(i) Increased rate on default. (Note restrictions in the Interest Act,
R.S.C. 1985, c. I-15.)
(ii) Application of payments to interest due and then to principal.
.4 Factor in holdback/escrow.
9.2 Manner of payment.
.1 Assumed liabilities.
.2 Balance.
(a) Certified cheque.
(b) Banker’s draft.
(c) Solicitor’s trust cheque.
(d) Wire transfer. (Note restrictions in Law Society Rule 3-56 (3.1) and
(3.2)).
(e) Other.
.3 Adjustment for prorations.
.4 Vendor or third-party financing.
9.3 Deposit.
.1 Forfeit on default. Consider if it is refundable in any circumstances.
.2 Provide for increase upon fulfillment of specific conditions precedent.
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10.
NOTES
SECURITY FOR VENDOR IN VENDOR-FINANCED TRANSACTIONS
10.1 Security agreement(s).
.1 Amount.
.2 Collateral (exclude consumer goods).
.3 Acceleration clause.
.4 Provision for interest, including interest on default (note restrictions in
the Interest Act).
.5 Application of payments to interest due and then to principal.
10.2 Mortgage on real estate.
.1 Amount.
.2 Property covered.
.3 Acceleration clause.
.4 Provision for interest, including interest on default (note restrictions in
the Interest Act).
.5 Application of payments to interest due and then to principal.
.6 Blended payments: check for compliance with the Interest Act.
.7 Will payments include property taxes and require a separate agreement?
10.3 Guarantees or indemnities by third parties. Consider the following:
.1 Right of the vendor to impair the security (e.g., through election to sue or
through seizure and sale).
.2 Guarantor/indemnitor to maintain net worth.
.3 Guarantor/indemnitor to postpone claims.
.4 Security for guarantee/indemnity.
10.4 Other security arrangements.
11.
CLOSING
11.1 Time and place.
11.2 Transfer of assets.
.1 Transfer forms for real estate.
.2 Bills of sale for chattels or other personal property.
.3 Assignments of leases and agreements.
.4 Assignments of licences, permits, trademarks, copyrights, and franchise
agreements.
.5 Endorsement of share certificates and/or other transfer of securities.
.6 Assignment of receivables.
.7 PST/GST and other tax elections, if applicable.
.8 Other transfers, as required.
11.3 Delivery of other closing documents.
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11.4 Registrations in necessary offices (land title office, Canadian Intellectual
Property Office, etc.).
12.
VENDOR’S REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES
12.1 Vendor’s corporate status.
.1 Valid incorporation, corporate authority.
.2 Good standing.
.3 No business carried on outside province, except as stated.
.4 Compliance with applicable licensing, registration, or qualification
requirements (including extraprovincial, if applicable).
.5 Constating documents are unchanged since a specified date.
.6 Constating documents permit the vendor to own its present assets and to
carry on its present business.
.7 Agreement is a legal, valid, and binding obligation.
12.2 Vendor’s authority to sell.
.1 Good and marketable title to assets.
.2 Title to assets is free of liens, charges, or encumbrances (except as in
schedule of encumbrances or material contracts, and except for standard
statutory liens, inchoate liens, etc.). Consider separate confirmation of
ownership for particular types of property: real property, intellectual
property, leases, etc.
.3 Sale has been authorized by all necessary corporate action.
.4 Sale is not in violation of corporate constitution, court orders, contracts,
or applicable laws.
.5 No third party consents are required, except as disclosed.
.6 No triggering event has occurred under the Family Law Act, S.B.C.
2011, c. 25, s. 81 (or, if applicable, the former legislation, Family Relations Act, R.S.B.C. 1996, c. 128, s. 56). If one has occurred, consider
obtaining a waiver from the other spouse or making that spouse a party
to the agreement and paying the purchase price to the husband and wife
jointly). Note that the Family Law Act replaced the Family Relations Act
as of March 18, 2013; under the new Act, the only triggering event
would be the date of separation.
12.3 Sale will not cause default, so as to impair the vendor’s rights under, or clear
title to, any of the assets; nor will it impair the purchaser’s ability to carry on
the business.
12.4 Assets.
.1 Assets and their value are as represented in schedules or elsewhere in
agreement.
.2 Assets being sold are all the assets used and necessary for the business.
.3 Real property is as identified: no encumbrances (except as specified), no
notices of expropriation.
.4 Buildings are wholly situated on property owned by the vendor.
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.5 Buildings are constructed and are used in accordance with all laws, are in
good repair, and are not subject to any government work orders or notices of non-compliance.
.6 All leases on real property or equipment are valid and comply with
registration requirements. All rents have been paid, and the vendor or
other party thereto is not in breach of any terms and has not assigned or
encumbered its interest under the leases.
.7 Assets, e.g., machinery, vehicles, and other equipment (included leased
property) are in good repair.
.8 Intellectual property including patents, industrial designs, copyrights,
trademarks, and trade names and applications for any of these items are
in good standing and registered, if applicable. There currently exists no
infringement of the vendor’s intangible property rights.
.9 Inventory is good and usable and capable of being sold in the ordinary
course.
.10 Accounts receivable are all bona fide and collectible.
.11 Assets are not subject to work orders, notices of non-compliance, or
deficiency notices.
.12 Vendor did not acquire the assets through a transaction reviewable under
the Investment Canada Act, R.S.C. 1985, c. 28 (1st Supp.).
12.5 Environmental matters.
.1 Property and buildings are free from “hazardous substances” (provide
definition) and comply with all laws.
.2 No urea formaldehyde or asbestos exists in the insulation of buildings.
.3 No underground storage tanks exist on the property.
.4 Vendor has handled, stored, treated, shipped, and disposed of hazardous
substances in compliance with all laws.
.5 Vendor has not had an environmental audit or assessment conducted
with respect to it or property owned by the vendor. (Consider contaminated sites legislation.)
12.6 Accuracy of balance sheet and financial statements.
.1 Financial statements are accurate: true, correct and complete, and present
fairly the financial condition and results of operations.
.2 Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) and International
Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) are applied on a basis consistent
with previous years.
.3 Books and records are complete and accurate.
.4 No material changes since last balance sheet (may include list of such
changes—incurrence of liabilities, payment of dividends, etc.).
.5 No liabilities other than in financial statements, or as specifically assumed by the purchaser.
.6 Auditor’s closing statement of net book value, if applicable, is accurate.
.7 Review all financial representations and warranties with a tax advisor.
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12.7 Contracts.
.1 Vendor is not in default under any contracts. All contracts between the
vendor and dealers or suppliers are in good standing and have not been
assigned or encumbered.
.2 Outstanding forward commitments for purchase or sale of inventories
are on the basis of established price lists or vary from them only in accordance with the vendor’s normal business practice.
.3 All material contracts (written or oral) are listed and fully described in
the schedule of material contracts, including all contracts:
(a) Out of the ordinary course of business.
(b) Where the obligation to pay exceeds a specified sum.
(c) Which affect title to assets.
(d) In respect of tangible property.
(e) Dealing with pensions, group insurance, or employee welfare plans.
(f) Dealing with bonuses or incentive compensation.
(g) That are written employment contracts, or employment contracts of
fixed term.
(h) That are non-competition and confidentiality agreements.
12.8 Employment matters.
.1 List of employees with job title, duration of employment, remuneration,
etc.
.2 There are no agreements to provide severance pay or separation allowances. No change of control agreements.
.3 No obligations to pay benefits or share profits survive termination of
employment or service contracts.
.4 No employee or benefit plans. (If plans exist and are to be assumed,
consider appropriate representations and warranties regarding status and
funding. Consider pension, tax, and actuarial advice regarding mechanism to transfer plan assets or obligations, or both, if applicable.)
Consider post-retirement benefits issue.
.5 No collective agreement is in force or under negotiation.
.6 No employees of the vendor are represented by a certified bargaining
unit, no applications for certification are pending, and no attempt has
been made to certify (otherwise consider the effect of possible successorship declaration).
.7 Consider application of Employment Standards Act, R.S.B.C. 1996,
c. 113, s. 97, regarding deemed continuation of employment and responsibility to employees. Also, consider Labour Relations Code, R.S.B.C.
1996, c. 244, s. 54.
12.9 Vendor’s legal position.
.1 All required licences and permits are as specified and are in good standing.
.2 Property is appropriately zoned for the purposes for which it is currently
used.
.3 Property is appropriately zoned for the purchaser’s stated purposes.
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.4 Vendor’s operations do not infringe any registered patent, industrial
design, copyright, trademark, trade name, or other intellectual property
right of a third party.
.5 Vendor is not in breach of any court order.
.6 Vendor is not in breach of any statute, regulation, or bylaw.
.7 No pending change in statutes, regulations, or bylaws (including zoning)
will render any part of the vendor’s operations illegal.
.8 No litigation or administrative proceeding against the vendor is in progress, pending, or threatened, and no order or judgment is outstanding.
.9 No outstanding or unresolved product liability or warranty claims.
.10 Vendor has paid all employer obligations including Canada Pension
Plan, employment insurance, and Workers’ Compensation Board contributions to date.
.11 No employment standards, human rights, workers’ compensation, or
similar actions are pending, and there are no orders or judgments outstanding against the vendor.
.12 Vendor has not experienced, nor is it aware of, any occurrence or event
which has, or might reasonably be expected to have, a material adverse
effect on the business or the results of its operations.
12.10 Vendor’s tax situation.
.1 True and timely filing of all federal, provincial, and local tax returns
(income, sales, PST/GST, employee deduction remittances).
.2 Tax liability is as indicated by returns.
.3 No property tax owing.
.4 Vendor is a Canadian resident within the meaning of the Income Tax
Act.
.5 Vendor and purchaser satisfy the requirements for election under Excise
Tax Act, R.S.C. 1985, c. E-15, s. 156 or 167, if applicable.
.6 Consider Excise Tax Act, s. 221(2), in the case of real property.
.7 Vendor did not acquire the assets pursuant to any tax elections.
.8 Note: review tax representations and warranties with the tax advisor.
12.11 No indebtedness or liability other than as listed and described in the schedule of assumed indebtedness and liabilities or in the financial statements.
12.12 Certificates furnished at closing are accurate.
12.13 Consider incorporating recitals as appropriate.
13.
PURCHASER’S REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES
13.1 Purchaser’s corporate status.
.1 Valid incorporation and corporate authority.
.2 Agreement is a legal, valid, and binding obligation.
.3 Good standing.
.4 Status under the Investment Canada Act.
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13.2 Purchaser’s authority to purchase.
.1 Purchase is not in violation of constating documents or applicable laws.
.2 Purchase is not in conflict with any agreement to which the purchaser is
a party.
.3 No third party consents required to purchase.
.4 Purchase has been authorized by all necessary corporate action.
.5 Purchaser has authority to give security, if there is vendor financing.
13.3 Purchaser is a GST registrant for the purposes of Excise Tax Act,
s. 221(2)(b), in the case of non-residential real property.
13.4 Representations and warranties survive closing.
13.5 Consider incorporating recitals, as appropriate.
14.
VENDOR’S OBLIGATIONS
14.1 Have auditors or agreed-upon parties determine the value of receivables,
inventories, and prepaids as of the day preceding closing (or another agreed
time) in accordance with the schedules or otherwise specified accounting
principles, if applicable.
14.2 Conduct of business up to closing.
.1 No transactions outside the ordinary course of business.
.2 Carry on business diligently at the same location.
.3 Preserve assets intact—no further encumbrances.
.4 Properly maintain and repair machinery, equipment, vehicles, and real
property.
.5 Not unduly deplete inventories.
.6 Retain employees for the purchaser, if instructed.
.7 Preserve goodwill and existing relationships with customers, suppliers,
and creditors.
.8 No purchases, other contracts, or commitments over a specified amount
without the purchaser’s prior consent in writing.
.9 Advise promptly of any material adverse change.
14.3 Give the purchaser access to properties, accounts, records (consider, in
particular, access for environmental audits and testing).
14.4 Supply the purchaser with information requested.
14.5 Insure or continue insurance on tangible assets with the purchaser added as a
named insured.
14.6 Use reasonable best efforts to obtain consent to assignment of leases and
contracts, where needed.
14.7 Terminate all employees at the time of closing (if so instructed, and if this is
a term of the transaction) and pay all outstanding holiday pay, workers’
compensation contributions, income tax assessments, etc., up to the date of
closing. Consider group termination issues under the Employment Standards
Act and notice issues under the Labour Relations Code. (See also item 12.8.)
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14.8 Pay or remit all property and business or commodities taxes owing at the
date of closing, including interest or penalties for late payment (subject to
proration adjustment).
14.9 Change the business name and/or company name, if required.
14.10 Provide a commitment not to compete (specify the area, activity, time limit,
and include principals/covenantors in their personal capacities).
14.11 Pay the amount by which uncollected receivables exceed the provision for
doubtful accounts in the statement of value (90 days, 180 days, etc.) after
closing (purchaser to reassign uncollected accounts to vendor), if applicable.
14.12 Effect transfer of assets.
14.13 Pass or have passed all necessary corporate resolutions (including the special resolution of the shareholders as required by Business Corporations Act,
S.B.C. 2002, c. 57, s. 301(1) and Canada Business Corporations Act, R.S.C.
1985, c. C-44, s. 189(3)). Provide an officers’ certificate. See item 16.4.
14.14 Execute and file any joint election required in connection with tax returns
under Income Tax Act, s. 22 and Excise Tax Act, s. 167.
14.15 Notify customers and suppliers of the sale of the business, and introduce the
purchaser to major customers and suppliers.
14.16 Give notice under the Competition Act, R.S.C. 1985, c. C-34 (Part IX), if
required.
15.
PURCHASER’S OBLIGATIONS
15.1 Offer employment to present employees of the business (on the basis
agreed). Consider assuming pension plans or other benefits (if so, ensure
that appropriate representations and warranties and tax and actuarial advice
are obtained).
15.2 Pay tax owing under the Provincial Sales Tax Act, Provincial Sales Tax
Transitional Provisions and Amendments Act, 2013, Property Transfer Tax
Act, R.S.B.C. 1996, c. 378, and GST, if this is a term of the transaction
(unless otherwise exempted).
15.3 Give notice or apply for review pursuant to the Investment Canada Act, if
required.
15.4 Give notice under the Competition Act, if required. Consider availability of
an advance ruling certificate (Competition Act, s. 102).
15.5 Assist the vendor in obtaining consents to assignments of leases and other
contracts.
15.6 Enter into assumption agreements; use reasonable best efforts to obtain
releases of liability in favour of the vendor.
15.7 Pass all necessary corporate resolutions.
15.8 Pay the agreed price.
15.9 Continue operating the business (where there is vendor financing).
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16.
NOTES
CONDITIONS PRECEDENT TO OBLIGATIONS OF PURCHASER
16.1 Opinion of vendor’s counsel, in form and substance satisfactory to purchaser’s counsel, that:
.1 Vendor is duly incorporated, validly existing, and in good standing.
.2 All necessary corporate action has been taken by the vendor and, if
applicable, its shareholders.
.3 Agreement has been duly executed and delivered and is a legal, valid
and binding obligation enforceable against the vendor.
.4 There are no actions or probable actions against the vendor (based on
information and belief and review of files) or other proceedings that restrain closing.
.5 The agreement is not in conflict with the vendor’s constating documents
and material contractual commitments.
.6 Assets pass to the purchaser free and clear of encumbrances or contrary
claims, except as contemplated by the agreement (purchaser obtains
good and marketable title).
Note: Many of these will be resisted by the vendor’s counsel and may not be
appropriate. Review CLEBC’s Advising British Columbia Businesses. Consider extending some of these opinions to shareholders who are parties.
16.2 Truth of the vendor’s representations and warranties at the time of closing.
16.3 Performance by the vendor of all obligations required to be performed at or
before the time of closing.
16.4 Delivery by the vendor at the time of closing of a statement, signed by the
vendor or corporate officers, that items 16.2 and 16.3 have been satisfied.
16.5 Favourable review of acquisition of business if required by the Investment
Canada Act, Competition Act, or both.
16.6 Delivery at or before closing of duly executed consents to assignments of
leases, licences, permits, and contracts (where needed).
16.7 No adverse developments in the vendor’s business.
16.8 Provision that the purchaser may waive some or all conditions precedent to
his or her obligations.
17.
CONDITIONS PRECEDENT TO OBLIGATIONS OF VENDOR
17.1 Truth of the purchaser’s representations and warranties at the time of closing.
17.2 Performance by the purchaser of all obligations required to be performed at
or before the time of closing.
17.3 Consent of third parties to assignment of leases, licences, permits, and
contracts (where needed).
17.4 Favourable review of acquisition of business, if required by the Investment
Canada Act, Competition Act, or both.
17.5 Opinion of purchaser’s counsel, in form and substance satisfactory to vendor’s counsel, that the agreement is enforceable against the purchaser. (See
items 16.1, 16.2, and 16.3, as applied to the purchaser.)
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NOTES
17.6 Provision that the vendor may waive some or all conditions precedent to his
or her obligations.
18.
LOSS OR DAMAGE PRIOR TO CLOSING
18.1 Terminate agreement.
18.2 Complete agreement on terms:
.1 Payment of all insurance proceeds recovered to purchaser.
.2 Assign insurance proceeds to the purchaser.
18.3 Adjust the purchase price.
19.
GENERAL PROVISIONS
19.1 Representations and warranties survive closing.
19.2 Dollar and time limits on warranties and indemnities.
19.3 Vendor will notify the purchaser as soon as possible if the vendor determines a state of facts exists that will result in an untrue representation, nonfulfillment of any condition, or material change.
19.4 Risk of loss (e.g., passes to purchaser on closing).
19.5 Further assurances.
19.6 Set-off for amounts due from the vendor (and its shareholders) to purchasers, including under indemnities.
19.7 Entire agreement (supersedes any letter of intent or other agreement, etc.).
19.8 Waivers to be in writing and signed. Consider providing for a right of the
purchaser to waive breaches of representations and warranties without
prejudicing the right to sue for damages.
19.9 Subsequent modifications to be in writing signed by the party to be charged.
19.10 Termination to be in writing signed by both parties.
19.11 Successors and assigns.
19.12 Limitations on assignability.
19.13 Time is of the essence.
19.14 Arbitration or mediation, if considered desirable.
.1 Choice of arbitrator/mediator.
.2 Statement that agreement constitutes a submission under the Commercial Arbitration Act, R.S.B.C. 1996, c. 55, International Commercial
Arbitration Act, R.S.B.C. 1996, c. 233, or otherwise.
.3 Choice of forum.
.4 Statement of which issues are arbitrable or subject to mediation.
.5 Mandatory time limits for submission of disagreements to arbitrator/
mediator.
.6 Arbitrator/mediator’s decision is final and binding.
.7 Expedited arbitration or mediation provision.
.8 Costs.
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NOTES
19.15 Choice of law and attornment to jurisdiction.
19.16 Choice of exclusive forum.
19.17 Currency.
19.18 Costs of transaction.
.1 Consider appropriate allocation of costs.
.2 Normally payable by vendor:
(a) Agent’s commission.
(b) Vendor’s accountant’s fees.
(c) Conveyances, transfers, and assignments.
.3 Normally payable by purchaser:
(a) Assumption agreements and releases.
(b) Registration of documents.
.4 Normally negotiated:
(a) Investment Canada Act notice or review.
(b) Competition Act notice.
19.19 Notices.
.1 Addresses for service.
.2 Prepaid registered mail or other arrangement.
.3 Deemed date of receipt.
19.20 Nominees.
19.21 Publicity.
.1 Press releases.
.2 Confidentiality of agreement terms, both before and after closing, if
required. These terms should extend to directors, officers, and key employees of all companies involved.
19.22 Vendor and principals/covenantors (i.e., vendor’s shareholders) jointly and
severally indemnify the purchaser with regard to representations and warranties, and obligations and liabilities not agreed to be assumed by
purchaser, and for any actions and expenses incident to the foregoing.
19.23 Purchaser to indemnify vendor against assumed obligations and liabilities.
19.24 Severability.
19.25 General interpretation and construction.
19.26 Counterparts.
20.
SCHEDULES (SAMPLE) (subject to provisions of agreement)
20.1 Buildings and Lands.
20.2 Leasehold Property.
20.3 Machinery, Equipment, and Vehicles.
20.4 Intangible Property.
20.5 Material Contracts.
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NOTES
20.6 Description of Assumed Indebtedness.
20.7 Permitted Encumbrances.
20.8 List of Employees and Start Date.
20.9 Litigation.
20.10 Accounting Principles.
20.11 Audited Financial Statements.
20.12 Unaudited Financial Statements.
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