INTRODUCTION Department to coordinate activities relating ... conservation, cultivation, marketing, export and

Document technical information

Format pdf
Size 434.0 kB
First found Jun 9, 2017

Document content analysis

Language
English
Type
not defined
Concepts
no text concepts found

Persons

Organizations

Places

Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Department to coordinate activities relating to
conservation, cultivation, marketing, export and
policy making for the development of the
medicinal plants sector. There are two statutory
regulatory bodies, namely Central Council of
Indian Medicine (CCIM) and Central Council of
Homoeopathy (CCH) for laying down minimum
standards
of
education,
recommending
recognition of medical qualifications, registering
the practitioners and laying down of ethical
codes. Four research councils, for Ayurveda and
Siddha (CCRAS), Unani (CCRUM), Yoga and
Naturopathy (CCRYN) and Homeopathy (CCRH)
are responsible for the officially sponsored
research activities. So far, eight National
Institutes are existing at national level for
teaching, research and clinical practices.
The Indian System of Medicine is of
great antiquity. It is the culmination of Indian
thought of medicine which represents a way of
healthy living valued with a long and unique
cultural history, as also amalgamating the best of
influences that came in from contact with other
civilizations be it Greece (resulting in Unani
Medicine) or Germany (Homeopathy) or our
scriptures/sages which gave us the science of
Ayurveda, Siddha as also Yoga & Naturopathy.
Like the multifaceted culture in our country,
traditional medicines have evolved over centuries
blessed with a plethora of traditional medicines
and practices.
A separate Department of Indian
Systems of Medicine and Homoeopathy (ISM&H)
was set up in 1995 to ensure the optimal
development and propagation of AYUSH
systems of health care. The Department of
ISM&H was re-named as the Department of
AYUSH (an acronym for - Ayurveda, Yoga and
Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha, Homoeopathy) in
November 2003. With an increase in lifestylerelated disorders there is a world wide
resurgence of interest in holistic systems of
health care, particularly with respect to the
prevention and management of chronic, noncommunicable and systemic diseases. It is
increasingly understood that no single health
care system can provide satisfactory answers to
all the health needs of modern society. Evidently
there is a need for a new inclusive and integrated
health care regime that should guide health
policies and programmes in future. India has an
advantage in this global resurgence of interest in
holistic therapies as it has a rich heritage of
indigenous medical knowledge coupled with
strong infrastructure and skilled manpower in
modern medicine. Medical pluralism is here to
stay and the AYUSH sector has a critical role to
play in the new and emerging situation.
For Standardisation and testing of Drugs,
various agencies have been put in plan by the
Government
of
India.
Four
different
Pharmacopoeia Committees are working for
preparing official formularies / pharmacopoeias
to evolve uniform standards in preparation of
drugs of Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani and
Homeopathy and to prescribe working standards
for single drugs as well as compound
formulations. A Drug Quality Control Cell is
working in the Department to deal with the
matters pertaining to licensing, regulation and
control of drugs and the spurious manufacture of
Ayurvedic, Unani and Siddha Drugs and other
matters. Two apex Laboratories, namely,
Pharmacopoeial Laboratory for Indian Medicine
(PLIM) and Homoeopathic Pharmacopoeial
Laboratory (HPL) are functioning as Standard
Setting-Cum-Drug-testing Laboratories for Indian
Medicines and Homoeopathy respectively. Indian
Medicines Pharmaceutical Corporation Ltd.
(IMPCL),
a
Public Sector
Undertaking,
manufactures classical Ayurveda and Unani
drugs. The Department also manages the CGHS
Ayurveda Hospital at Lodhi Road, New Delhi.
Bringing AYUSH into the mainstream
health care delivery system of the country has
long been a major policy objective of the
Department. Under the NRHM, AYUSH facilities
are being set up in PHCs and CHCs and are
being manned by qualified AYUSH physicians
appointed on contract basis.
The Department of AYUSH under
Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, promotes
and propagates Indian systems of Medicine and
Homoeopathy, and is committed to infuse the
wisdom of traditional medicine with the
methodologies of modern science, scientifically
validating the systems and presenting them in
the scientific idiom, relating their efficacy to
modern life styles. The Department has, over the
years, developed a broad institutional framework
to carry out its activities. The National Medicinal
Plants Board (NMPB) functions under the
Since the creation of a separate
Department, there has been a substantial
increase in the infrastructural facilities under
AYUSH systems in the country. Presently, there
are 3195 hospitals with about 58321 beds,
1
24392 dispensaries, 720937 doctors, 514
educational institutions with admission capacity
of about 25586 UG student and 2493 PG
students and 8785 drug-manufacturing units
under AYUSH systems. Under NRHM, AYUSH
facilities have been co-located with 468 District
hospitals, 2483 CHCs and 8520 PHCs.
preventive, curative, mitigative, recuperative and
rehabilitative aspects. The preventive aspect of
Ayurveda is called Svasth-Vritta and includes
personal hygiene, daily and seasonal regimens,
appropriate social behavior and use of materials
& practices for healthy aging and prevention of
premature loss of health attribute. The curative
treatment consists of Aushadhi (drugs), Ahara
(diet) and Vihara (life style). Ayurveda largely
uses plants as raw materials for the manufacture
of drugs, though materials of animal and marine
origin, metals and minerals are also used.
Ayurvedic medicines are generally safe and have
little or no known adverse side-effects, if
manufactured properly and consumed judiciously
following necessary dos and don’ts.
A. AYUSH SYSTEMS
i) Ayurveda:
Ayurveda is a classical system of
healthcare
originating
from
the
Vedas
documented around 5000 years ago and
currently recognized and practiced in India and
many countries of the Indian subcontinent. It is
one of the oldest healthcare systems that take a
holistic view of the physical, mental, spiritual and
social aspects of human life, health and disease.
Initially, clinical medicine of Ayurveda
was developed into eight distinct specialties, i.e.
Kayachikitsa (Internal Medicine), Shalya Tantra
(Surgery), Shalakya (Eye and ENT), Kaumar
Bhritya (Pediatrics), Graha Chikitsa (Psychiatry),
Agad
Tantra
(Toxicology),
Rasayana
(Gerontology) and Vajikarana (Science of virility),
on the basis of which it is called ‘Astang
Ayurveda’. During the last 60 years of its
development after India became independent,
Ayurveda has come up to provide 22 specialized
courses of study at postgraduation level. These
specialties
are -- Ayurveda Sidhanta
(Fundamental Principles of Ayurveda), Ayurveda
Samhita (Classical Texts of Ayurveda), Rachna
Sharira (Anatomy), Kriya Sharira (Physiology),
Dravya Guna Vigyan (Materia medica and
Pharmacology), Rasa-Shastra (Pharmaceuticals
using minerals and metals), Bhaishajya Kalpana
(Pharmaceuticals), Kaumar Bhritya or - Bala
Roga (Pediatrics), Prasuti Tantra avum Stri
Roga (Obstetrics and Gynecology), Swasth-Vritta
(Social ansd Preventive Medicine), Kayachikitsa
(Internal Medicine), Rog Nidan avum Vikriti
Vigyan (Diagnostics & Pathology), Shalya
Tantra-Samanya (Surgery), Shalya Tantra –
Kshar Karma avum Anushastra Karma (Parasurgical interventions & procedures), Shalakya
Tantra -Netra Roga (Ophthalmology), Shalakya
Tantra – Shiro-Nasa-Karna Avum Kantha Roga (
Treatment of diseases of Head and ENT),
Scattered references of health, disease
and use of natural sources for treatment were
initially made in the Vedas (particularly in
Rigveda and Atharvaveda) and around 5000 to
3000 B.C. the knowledge of Ayurveda was first
comprehensively documented in the compendia
called Charak Samhita and Sushruta Samhita.
According to Ayurveda, health is considered as a
basic pre-requisite for achieving the goals of life Dharma (duties), Arth (finance), Kama
(materialistic desires) and Moksha (salvation). As
per the fundamental basis of Ayurveda, all
objects and living bodies are composed of five
basic elements, called the Pancha Mahabhootas,
namely: Prithvi (earth), Jal (water), Agni (fire),
Vayu (air) and Akash (ether). The philosophy of
Ayurveda is based on the fundamental
correlation between the universe and the man.
Ayurveda imbibes the humeral theory of
Tridosha- the Vata (ether + air), Pitta (fire) and
Kapha (earth + water), which are considered as
the three physiological entities in living beings
responsible for all metabolic functions. The
mental characters of human beings are
attributable to Satva, Rajas and Tamas, which
are the psychological properties of life
collectively terms as ‘Triguna’. Ayurveda aims to
keep structural and functional entities in a state
of equilibrium, which signifies good health
(Swasthya). Any imbalance due to internal or
external factors leads to disease and the
treatment consists of restoring the equilibrium
through various procedures, regimen, diet,
medicines and behavior change.
Shalakya Tantra – Danta Avum Mukha Roga
(Dentistry), Manovigyana avum Manas Roga (
Psychology & Psychiatry), Panchakarma (Biopurification), Agad Tantra avum Vidhi Vaidyaka
(Toxicology
and
Medical
Jurisprudence),
Sangyaharana (Anesthesiology) and Chhaya
avum Vikiran Vigyan (Radiology).
The treatment approach in the Ayurveda
system is holistic and individualized having
Ayurveda holds the strength to treat
diseases from holistic angle in accordance with
2
the body-mind constitution and other physicopsychological attributes of the patients and as
such is proven to be effective in the treatment of
chronic, metabolic and life style diseases for
which satisfactory solutions are not available in
conventional allopathy medicine. Over the years,
Kshar Sutra and Panchakarma therapies of
Ayurveda have become very popular among the
public. Panchakarma is a unique therapeutic
procedure for the radical elimination of diseasecausing factors and to maintain the equilibrium of
tridosha. The Panchakarma therapy minimizes
the chances of recurrence of the diseases and
promotes positive health by rejuvenating body
tissues and bio-purification. Kshar Sutra is a
para-surgical intervention using an alkaline
thread for cauterization, which is scientifically
validated to be effective in the treatment of
fistula-in-ano and such surgical conditions as
require excision of overgrown soft tissue like
polyps, warts, non-healing chronic ulcers,
sinuses and papillae.
proper balance of humors is required for the
maintenance of health.
Treatment in Unani consists of three
components namely preventive, promotive and
curative. Unani system of Medicine has been
found to be efficacious in conditions like
Rheumatoid Arthritis, Jaundice, Nervous Debility,
Skin Diseases like Vitiligo & Eczema, Sinusitis
and Bronchial Asthma. For the prevention of
disease and promotion of health, the Unani
System emphasizes six essentials (Asbab-e-Sitta
Zarooria):- (a) pure air (b) food and water (c)
physical movement and rest (d) psychic
movement and rest (e) sleep and wakefulness
and (f) retention of useful materials and
evacuation of waste materials from the body.
There are four forms of treatment in Unani
medicine- Ilaj bid Dawa (Pharmacotherapy), Ilaj
bil Ghiza (Deitotherapy), Ilaj Bid Tadbir
(Regimenal Therapy) and Ilaj bil Jarahat
(Surgery). Regimenal Therapy (Ilaj Bid Tadbir) is
a special technique/ physical method of
treatment to improve the constitution of body by
removing waste materials and improving the
defense mechanism of the body and protect
health. Some of the special techniques are Fasd
(Blood-letting),
Hijama
(Cupping),
Dalk
(Massage), Taleeq-e-Alaq (Leeching), Hammame-Har (Turkish Bath), Riyazat (Exercise), Amal-eKai (Cauterization). The Unani system of
medicine offers various methods of treatment
which are used for specific and complicated
diseases. It emphasizes the use of naturally
occurring, mostly herbal medicines and also uses
some medicines of animal, marine and mineral
origin.
During the last 50 years, eight Post
Graduate specialties have been developed-(i)
Kulliyat (Basic Principles of Unani Medicine), (ii)
Ilmul Advia (Pharmacology), (iii) Ilmul Saidla
(Pharmacy), (iv) Tahaffuzi-wa-Samaji Tibb
(Preventive and Social Medicine), (v) Moalijat
(Medicine), (vi) Jarahiyat (Surgery), (vii) Ilmul
Qabalat-wa-Amraz-e-Niswan (Obstetrics and
Gynecology), (viii) Ilmul Atfal (Paediatrics).
National Institute of Unani Medicine is
established in Bangalore to impart good P.G.
education in Unani system.
(ii) Unani:
The Unani System of Medicine originated
in Greece and passed through many countries
before establishing itself in India during the
medieval period. This system is based on the
teachings of Hippocrates and Gallen, developed
into an elaborate Medical System by Arabs. It is
based on well-established knowledge and
practices relating to the promotion of positive
health and prevention of diseases. The Unani
system became enriched by imbibing what was
best in the contemporary systems of traditional
medicines in Egypt, Syria, Iraq, Persia, India,
China and other Middle East countries.
The
system
of
medicine
was
documented in Al-Qanoon, a medical Bible, by
Sheikh Bu-Ali Sina (Avicena, 980-1037 AD), and
in Al-Havi by Razi (Rhazes, 850-923 AD) and in
many other books written by the Unani
physicians. The literature of the Unani system is
mostly found in Arabic, Persian and Urdu
languages.
The Unani System is based on the
Humoral theory i.e. the presence of blood,
phlegm, yellow bile and black bile in a person.
The temperament of a person can accordingly be
sanguine, phlegmatic, choleric and melancholic
depending on the presence and combination of
humors. According to Unani theory, the humors
and medicinal plants themselves are assigned
temperaments. Any change in quantity and
quality of the humors, brings about a change in
the status of the health of the human body. A
(iii) Siddha:
The Siddha System of medicine is one of
the ancient systems of medicine in India having
its close bedd with Dravidian culture. The term
Siddha means achievements and Siddhars are
those who have achieved perfection in medicine.
Eighteen Siddhars are said to have contributed
towards the systematic development of this
3
system and recorded their experiences in Tamil
language.
restraining of sense organs (Pratyahar),
contemplation (Dharna), meditation (Dhyan) and
Deep meditation (Samadhi). These steps in the
practice of Yoga have the potential to elevate
social and personal behavior and to promote
physical health by better circulation of
oxygenated blood in the body, restraining the
sense organs and thereby inducing tranquility
and serenity of mind and spirit. The practice of
Yoga has also been found to be useful in the
prevention of certain psychosomatic diseases
and improves individual resistance and ability to
endure strressful situations. Yoga is a promotive,
preventive rehabilitative and curative intervention
for overall enhancement of health status. A
number of postures are described in Yoga
literature to improve health, to prevent diseases
and to cure illness. The physical postures are
required to be chosen judiciously and have to be
practiced in the correct way so that the benefits
of prevention of disease, promotion of health and
therapeutic use can be derived from them.
The Siddha system of Medicine
emphasizes on the patient, environment, age,
sex, race, habits, mental frame work, habitat,
diet, appetite, physical condition, physiological
constitution of the diseases for its treatment
which is individualistic in nature Diagnosis of
diseases are done through examination of pulse,
urine, eyes, study of voice, colour of body,
tongue and status of the digestion of individual
patients. System has unique treasure for the
conversion of metals and minerals as drugs and
many infective diseases are treated with the
medicines containing specially processed
mercury, silver, arsenic, lead and sulphur without
any side effects. The
strength of the Siddha
system lies in providing very effective therapy in
the case of Psoriasis, Rheumatic disorders,
Chronic liver disorders, Benign prostate
hypertrophy, bleeding piles, peptic ulcer including
various kinds of Dermatological disorders of non
psoriatic nature.
Studies have revealed that Yogic
practice improves intelligence and memory and
help in developing resistance to situations of
stress and also help individuals to develop an
integrated personality. Meditation can stabilize
emotional changes and prevent abnormal
functions of the vital organs of the body. Studies
have shown that meditation not only regulates
the functions of the sense organs but also
strengthens the nervous system. Yoga today is
no longer restricted to hermits, saints, sages but
has gone to every home for the global health
promotion. Yoga as a part of peoples’ lifestyle
has aroused a world-wide awakening and
acceptance.
During the last six decades, there has
been continuous development in Siddha medical
education and this has led to the establishment
of the National Institute of Siddha at Chennai as
apex Institute having six specialties in postgraduate teaching leading to the award of M.D(S)
Degree. These are Maruthuvam (General
Medicine),
Sirappu
Maruthuvam
(Special
Medicine),
Kuzhanthai
Maruthuvam
(Paediatrics), Gunapadam (Pharmacology), Noi
Nadal (Pathology) and Nanju Nool & Maruthuva
Neethinool (Toxicology).
For development of focused research in
Siddha System of medicine Govt. has constituted
Central Council for Research in Siddha (CCRS),
an autonomous body
by bifurcating Central
Council for Research in Ayurveda and Siddha
(CCRAS).
(v) Naturopathy:
Naturopathy is rooted in the healing
wisdom of many cultures and times based on
principal of natural healing. The principal’s of
natural healing. The principles and practices of
Naturopathy are integrated in the life style, if the
people observe living close to nature.
(iv) Yoga:
The word "Yoga" comes from the
Sanskrit word "yuj" which means "to unite or
integrate." Yoga is about the union of a person's
own
consciousness
and
the
universal
consciousness. It is primarily a way of life, first
propounded by Maharshi Patanjali in systematic
form Yogsutra. The discipline of Yoga consists
of eight components namely, restraint (Yama),
observance of austerity (Niyama), physical
postures (Asana), breathing control (Pranayam),
Naturopathy is a cost effective drugless,
non-invasive therapy involving the use of natural
materials for health care and healthy living. It is
based on the theories of vitality, boosting the
self-healing capacity of the body and the
principles of healthy living. Naturopathy is a
system of natural treatment and also a way of life
widely practiced, globally accepted and
4
recognized for health preservation and
management of illnesses without medicines.
Naturopathy advocates living in harmony with
constructive principles of Nature on the physical,
mental, social and spiritual planes. It has great
promotive, preventive, curative as well as
restorative potentials.
Homoeopathy is a method of treating
diseases by administering drugs which have
been experimentally proved to possess the
power to produce similar symptoms on healthy
human beings. Treatment in Homoeopathy,
which is holistic in nature, focuses on an
individual’s response to a specific environment.
Homoeopathic medicines are prepared mainly
from natural substances such as plant products,
minerals
and
from
animal
sources.
Homoeopathic medicines do not have any toxic,
poisonous or side effects. Homoeopathic
treatment is economical as well and has a very
broad public acceptance.
Naturopathy promotes healing by
stimulating the body’s inherent power to regain
health with the help of five elements of nature –
Earth, Water, Air, Fire and Ether. It is a call to
“Return to Nature” and to resort to a simple way
of living in harmony with the self, society and
environment.
Naturopathy advocates ‘Better
Health without Medicines’. It is reported to be
effective in chronic, allergic autoimmune and
stress related disorders. The theory and practice
of Naturopathy are based on a holistic view point
with particular attention to simple eating and
living habits, adoption of purificatory measures,
use of hydrotherapy, cold packs, mud packs,
baths, massages, fasting etc.
Homoeopathy has its own areas of
strength in therapeutics and it is particularly
useful in treatment for allergies, autoimmune
disorders and viral infections. Many surgical,
gynaecological and obstetrical and paediatric
conditions and ailments affecting the eyes, nose,
ear, teeth, skin, sexual organs etc. are amenable
to homoeopathic treatment. Behavioral disorders,
neurological problems and metabolic diseases
can
also
be
successfully
treated
by
Homoeopathy. Apart from the curative aspects,
Homoeopathic medicines are also used in
preventive and promotive health care. In recent
times, there is an emergence of interest in the
use of Homoeopathic medicines in veterinary
care, agriculture, dentistry, etc. Homoeopathic
medical education has developed in seven
specialties in post-graduate teaching, which are
Materia
Medica,
Organon
of
Medicine,
Repertory, Practice of Medicine, Paediatrics,
Pharmacy and Psychiatry.
(vi) Homoeopathy:
The Physicians from the time of
Hippocrates (around 400 B.C.) have observed
that certain substances could produce symptoms
of a disease in healthy people similar to those of
people suffering from the disease. Dr. Christian
Friedrich Samuel Hahnemann, a German
physician,
scientifically
examined
this
phenomenon and codified the fundamental
principles of Homoeopathy. Homoeopathy was
brought into India around 1810 A.D. by European
missionaries and received official recognition by
a resolution passed by the Constituent Assembly
in 1948 and then by the Parliament.
(vii) Sowa-Rig-pa (Amchi Medicine):
The first principle of Homoeopathy
‘Similia Similibus Curentur’, says that a medicine
which could induce a set of symptoms in healthy
human beings would be caapable of curing a
similar set of symptoms in human beings actually
suffering from the disease. The second principle
of ‘Single Medicine’ says that one medicine
should be administered at a time to a particular
patient during the treatment. The third principle of
‘Minimum Dose’ states that the bare minimum
dose of a drug which would induce a curative
action without any adverse effect should be
administered. Homoeopathy is based on the
assumption that the causation of a disease
mainly depends upon the susceptibility or
proneness of an individual to the incidence of the
particular disease in addition to the action of
external agents like bacteria, viruses, etc.
“Sowa-Rig-pa”, commonly known as
Amchi medicine, is the traditional medicine of
many parts of the Himalayan region used mainly
by the Tribal and bhot people. Sowa-Rig-pa
(Bodh-Kyi) means ‘science of healing’ and the
practitioners of this medicine are known as
Amchi.
In India, this system of medicine has
been popularly practiced in Ladakh and PaddarPangay regions of Jammu and Kashmir, Lahulspiti, Pangi, Dhramshala and Kinnar region of
Himachal Pradesh, Uttrakhand, Arunachal
Pradesh, Sikkim, Darjeeling-Kalingpong (West
Bengal) and in Tibetan settlements all over India
and abroad.
5
Sowa-Rig-pa is a science, art and
philosophy that provide a holistic approach to
health care on the basis of hasrmony and
understanding of human being and universe i.e.
the environment. It uses diagnostic techniques
for examples pulse and urine examination (eight
fold examination) and it embraces the key
Buddhist principles of altruism, karma and ethics.
According to the Amchi system, proper alignment
of the three Dosha, seven body Tissu (seven
Dhatus) and three excretory products (Malas) in
the state of equilibrium constitutes a healthy
body. Any disequilibrium in any of these energies
leads to disease or ill-health. Amachi medical
theory states that everything in the universe is
made up of the five basic elements, namely, sa
(Earth), chu (Water), me (Fire), rLung (Wind),
Nam-mkha (Space). Amchi system is based on
the following three Principle Energies –
components are also very important of Sowa-rigpa.
B. MISSION, VISION AND OBJECTIVES OF
DEPARTMENT OF AYUSH:
The Mission, Vision and objectives of the
Department of AYUSH are given below:
(i) Mission and Vision:
The vision statement of Department of
AYUSH is “to position AYUSH systems as the
preferred systems of living and practice for
attaining a healthy India.”
The mission statement of Department of
AYUSH is as follows:
1. To mainstream AYUSH at all levels
in the Health Care System.
2. To improve access to and quality of
(1) rLung (wind) manifests the nature of Air
element. It is characterised as rough, light, cold,
subtle, hard and mobile. It is responsible for the
physical and mental activities, respiration,
expulsion of urine, faces, foetus, menstruation,
spitting, burping, speech, gives clarity to sense
organs, sustains life by means of acting as a
medium between mind and body. This iss similar
to Vata-dosha of Ayurveda.
Public Health delivery through
AYUSH System.
3. To focus on Promotion of health and
prevention
of
diseases
by
propagating AYUSH practices.
4. Proper enforcement of provisions of
Drugs & Cosmetic Act 1940 and
Rules framed thereunder relating to
the ASU drugs throughout the
country
(2) mKhris-pa (Bile) basically has the nature of
fire. It is characterised as oily, sharp, hot, light,
fetid, purgative and fluidity. mKhris-pa is
responsible for hunger, thirst, digestion and
assimilation, maintains body heat, gives lustre to
body complexion and provides courage and
determination. This is similar to Pitt-dosha of
Ayurveda.
(ii) Objectives:
The Department of AYUSH has the following
objectives:1. Delivery of AYUSH Services
2. Human Resource Development in
AYUSH
3. Promotion and Propagation of
AYUSH Systems
4. Research in AYUSH
5. Conservation and cultivation of
medicinal plants
6. Effective
AYUSH
Drug
Administration
(3) Bad-kan (Phlegm) is cold in nature and is
characterized as oily, cool, heavy, blunt, smooth,
firm and sticky. Bad-kan is responsible for
firmness of the body, stability of mind, induces
sleep, connects joints, generates tolerance and
lubricates the body. This is similar to Kaphadosha of Ayurveda.
The diagnostic techniques in SowaRigpa include visual observation, touch and
interrogation. For treatment of health problems,
the system makes use of herbs, minerals, animal
products, spring and mineral water, moxibustion
mysticism and spiritual power. The medicines
are used usually in the form of decoctions,
powders, pills and syrups etc. Mantra and tantra
C. NATIONAL MEDICINAL PLANTS BOARD
(NMPB):
The resource base of AYUSH is largely
plants. The increasing global interest in natural
remedies has increased the demand for
medicinal plants which are mainly sourced from
the wild. This has led to the emergence of a
6
number of issues like
sustainability,
techniques for marketing of produce to
increase their reputation for quality and
conservation, cultivation, quality assurance
reliability within the country and abroad.
protection of Traditional Knowledge and related
IX.
Undertaking and awarding of studies leading
issues of access and benefit sharing etc. To
to scientific, technological research and
coordinate all these matters, Government of India
promoting cost-effective practices for the
has established the National Medicinal Plants
development of medicinal plants.
Board (NMPB) under the Department of AYUSH, X.
Development of protocols for cultivation and
quality control.
Ministry of Health & Family Welfare. NMPB is the
XI.
Encouraging protection of Patent Rights and
apex national body which coordinates all matters
IPR.
relating to medicinal plants in the country. The
According to estimates the global market of
Board was established in November 2000 and
traditional therapy was US $ 60 billion in 2002
acts as advisory body to the concerned
and is growing steadily. Further, the global
Ministries, Departments and Agencies in
market for medicinal herbs and herbal products is
strategic planning for medicinal plants related
estimated to touch US $ 5 trillion by 2050.
According to the report of the World Health
initiatives and to plan and provide financial
Organization (WHO), over 80% of the world
support to programmes relating to conservation,
population relies on traditional systems of
cultivation and the all round development of the
medicines for their primary health care. China
medicinal plants sector. The Union Minister of
and India are the World’s leading exporters of
Health & Family Welfare is the Chairperson and
medicinal & aromatic plant based drugs. India
the Union Minister of State for Health & Family
has a huge comparative advantage in the
Welfare is the Vice-Chairperson of the Board.
medicinal plants sector over other countries
given that it is one of the 17 mega bio-diversity
rich countries and is home to 7% of the world’s
Functions of the NMPB
bio-diversity. There are 15 agro-climatic zones,
45,000 different plant species out of which
I.
Assessment of demand/supply of medicinal
approximately 6,198 are medicinal plants.
plants both within the country & abroad.

India is blessed with a diversity of
II.
Advise
concerned
Ministries/
Depts./
medicinal
plants ranging from the Himalayan to
Organisation / State/ UT Governments on
marine
ecosystems
and from deserts to rain
policy matters relating to schemes and
forests.
Most
MAPs
are
collected from forests or
programmes for development of medicinal
wild sources but with increasing abiotic and biotic
plants.
pressures on natural habitats a number of
III.
Provide guidance in the formulation of
species are becoming endangered or threatened.
proposals, schemes and programmes etc. to
As a result, it is getting increasingly difficult to
be taken-up by agencies having access to
meet the demand for MAPs sustainably from
land for cultivation and infrastructure for
natural sources. Therefore, there is need to give
collection, storage and transportation of
a boost to cultivation by farmers and resource
medicinal plants.
augmentation of important medicinal plants in the
IV.
Identification, inventory and quantification of
forests.
medicinal plants.

The base of AYUSH drugs is primarily
V.
Promotion of ex-situ/in-situscultivation and
medicinal
plants. The greatest challenge to
conservation of medicinal plants.
widespread
acceptance of AYUSH drugs
VI.
Promotion of co-operative efforts among
remains quality assurance. Today globally
collectors and growers and assisting them to
companies are looking for traceability of raw
store, transport and market their produce
materials to their source, as it is obvious that the
effectively.
quality of the end product can only be as good as
VII.
Setting up of data-base system for inventory,
the quality of the components that go into that
dissemination of information and facilitating
product. Hence the importance of maintaining the
prevention of patents on medicinal use of
highest standards while collecting, cultivating and
plants, information on which is already in the
post-harvest handling of the raw material cannot
public domain.
be gainsaid.
VIII. Matters relating to import/export of raw

As per data available from DGCIS, Govt.
material, as well as value added products
of
India
and Pharmexcil research, India’s
either as medicine, food supplements or as
Exports
of Ayurvedic, Siddha, Unani,
herbal cosmetics including adoption of better
7
Homeopathy Medicants and Medicaments
and Herbal exports are estimated at INR
1318.69 Crores during the year 2010-11
growing at CAGR of 137.69% during the
period from 2005-06 to 2010-11 as detailed in
the following table.
2008-09
2009-10
2010-11
701.44
711.12
Herbals
306.30
375.60
470.12
594.87
570.76
607.57
Grand
Total
554.80
656.89
816.67
1186.29
1272.20
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
1318.69
Source: DGCIS, Pharmexcil Research
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Countries
Sr. No.
1013.73
520.02
492.49
301.63
246.46
193.58
1016.13
585.28
494.01
355.60
252.95
213.98
1149.53
657.24
554.53
431.46
258.92
210.47
1049.02
634.52
516.34
338.79
230.56
206.75
1250.20
690.49
551.22
379.51
270.25
246.36
139.60
212.89
194.57
161.33
153.04
165.72
223.07
180.38
161.96
161.58
188.57
250.89
217.80
183.56
165.34
198.98
206.46
187.86
178.06
161.37
242.07
227.76
210.24
208.43
203.41
135.27
124.48
147.21
129.01
67.10
92.87
96.17
161.73
160.91
155.24
129.09
99.58
118.78
99.21
198.96
199.43
186.93
152.96
163.09
120.64
122.92
172.65
186.55
155.50
148.05
139.32
118.07
121.09
188.41
185.47
166.68
160.30
159.15
127.69
122.76
Source: UNComtrade, Pharmexcil Research
From the comparative analysis of export
and import from above tables and bar chart and
table below, it is obvious that in recent years due
to efforts of the NMPB the export has grown
substantially whereas, import stagnating and
therefore improving India’s position consistently.
Exports of all countries in USD million
1
China
2
India
3
USA
4
Germany
5
Egypt
6
France
7
Spain
8
Nigeria
9
Italy
10
Canada
11
U.K.
12
Brazil
Grand Total
Belgium
Switzerland
Mexico
Russia
Singapore
India
2010
2007-08
591.43
2009
2006-07
346.55
2008
2005-06
281.28
2007
Category
Ayush
248.51
USA
Germany
Japan
France
UK
China,
Hong Kong
SAR
China
Italy
Spain
Canada
Rep.
of
Korea
Netherlands
2006
1
2
3
4
5
6
Table 1: Exports of India’s Ayush & Herbals (figs. in Rs.Crores)
Countries
Sr. No.
Herbals import of all countries in USD million
522.44
485.72
522.94
529.11
33.27
263.09
260.34
188.87
183.21
123.80
143.88
116.02
5363.67
675.50
501.59
587.50
617.26
34.19
276.56
260.75
68.10
162.73
129.77
149.63
131.62
5729.26
944.64
612.59
639.78
860.25
125.34
300.60
285.73
66.20
192.10
108.79
244.50
154.43
6870.68
1042.08
467.39
705.62
720.16
273.60
284.61
242.06
166.06
166.97
129.59
165.92
126.68
6560.32
1329.72
790.56
787.25
756.73
303.65
296.33
273.14
232.79
174.96
170.33
166.10
159.71
7592.09
Indian Export Import of Herbals in USD million
Years
Export
Import
2006
485.72
96.17
2007
501.59
99.21
2008
612.59
122.92
2009
467.39
121.09
2010
790.56
122.76
Total
2857.85
562.14
Source: UNComtrade, Pharmexcil Research
According to data compiled by Pharmexcil from
Uncomtrade tye global trade of medicinal plants
including gums and resin, essentials oils,
vegetables, saps, plants and extracts thereof,
was US$7592.09 million in 2010. India’s share in
global exports in US$790.56 million, bringing it in
second position in exports, whereas India is
eighteenth position in imports with total imports
US$122.76.
8
A study on demand and supply of medicinal
plants in India conducted by National Medicinal
Plants Board (NMPB), through F.R.L.H.T., during
2007-08 reveals that 960 species of medicinal
and aromatic plants are in trade, out of which 178
species are high in demand i.e. traded in
volumes of over 100 MT.



The annual demand of botanical raw
drugs in our country has been estimated at
3,19,500 MT for the year 2005-06 corresponding
to an annual trade value of Rs.1,069 crore.


Schemes of NMPB

Currently, NMPB is implementing two
schemes a Central Sector Scheme for
Conservation, Development and Sustainable
Management of Medicinal Plants and a Centrally
Sponsored Scheme of National Mission on
Medicinal plants.


(a) Central Sector Scheme for Conservation,
Development and Sustainable Management of
Medicinal Plants:

This scheme was approved by the
Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs in its
meeting on 26th June, 2008 with a total outlay of
Rs. 321.30 crores during the 11th plan.
Important Achievements under the Central
Sector Scheme for Conservation, Development
and Sustainable Management of Medicinal
Plants during 2011-12:
Objectives of the Scheme




To promote sustainable harvesting protocols
of medicinal plants from forest areas and
certification thereof.
To
support
Survey,
inventory
and
documentation of endangered medicinal
plants through periodic surveys and
inventory.
Creating Gene banks/ Seed orchards to
create an authentic source of seed and germ
plasm for future.
Promote capacity building and human
resource development at all levels.
Adopt a coordinated approach and promotion
of partnership, convergence and synergy
among R&D; processing and marketing in
public as well as private sector at national,
regional, state and sub state levels.
To provide Information, Education and
Communication through organization of
seminars, trainings and exposure visits within
the country and abroad.
Function as clearinghouse of information on
medicinal plants including their occurrence,
usage, ethno-botanical uses, cultivation
practices and post harvest practices, markets
etc. and dissemination thereof though print
and electronic media, printing of brochures,
posters and other publicity material.
To promote in-situ / ex-situ conservation of
medicinal
plants
which
are
critical
components of the AYUSH and Folk systems
of medicine by supporting such programmes
in forest/ public/ non-public/ institutional
lands.
To promote R&D for domestication of wild
medicinal plants, development of agrotechniques and post harvest management
storage and processing.
To
promote
quality assurance
and
standardization through development of
Good Agriculture Practices (GAP), Good
Collection Practices (GCP), and Good
Storage Practices (GSP) and through
development of monographs on medicinal
plants.
To develop, implement and support
certification mechanism for quality standards,
Good Agriculture Psractices (GAP), Good
Collection Practices (GCP), and Good
Storage Practices (GSP).


Re-afforestation/conservation of Medicinal
Plants in 9663.57 hectares in Forest Areas:
- 9263.57 hectares under
Resource Augmentation
- 400
hectares
under
Medicinal
Plants
Conservation Areas
Set up a network of ex-situ conservation
through establishing:– Herbal Gardens –
24 (in nos)
– No.JFMCs supported – 38 (in nos)
– Home Herbal Gardens –
2000
(in nos.)

Supported Research Studies on:
– Bioactivity guided fractionation studies
– Sustainable harvesting
– Post Harvest Management
– Inter-cropping
– Chemical and Molecular Profiling
– Production of Quality Planting Material
9
–






To adopt a Mission approach and
promote partnership, convergence and synergy
among stake holders involved in R&D,
processing and marketing in public as well as
private sector at national, regional, state and sub
state level.
Germplasm and Genotype Identification
and Conservation
Finalized Volume- II of Agro-Techniques
for 32 selected medicinal plants for
publication.
Supported 23 Facilitation Centers in
different parts of the country.
Financial Assistance was given to 3
states viz. Andhra Pradesh, Haryana and
Madhya Pradesh, during 2011-12 for
National Campaign on Amla.
Finalized Voluntary Certification scheme
of Medicinal Plants for Good Agricultural
Practices (GAPs), Good Filed Collection
Practices
(GFCPs)
and
Organic
production to ensure availability of
quality raw material.
Undertook assessment of consumption
of raw material by Ayurveda, Siddha and
Unani (ASU) Industries.
Mission Strategy

The Mission aims at adopting an end-toend approach covering production, post harvest
management, processing and marketing. This is
sought to be achieved by promoting cultivation of
medicinal plants in identified clusters/zones
within selected districts of states having potential
for medicinal plants cultivation and to promote
such cultivation following Good Agriculture and
Collection Practices (GACPs) through synergistic
linkage with production and supply of quality
planting material, processing, quality testing,
certification, warehousing and marketing for
meeting the demands of the AYUSH industry and
for exports of value added items.

The Mission also seeks to promote
medicinal plants as an alternative crop to the
farmers through increased coverage of medicinal
plants and with linkages for processing,
marketing and testing, offer remunerative prices
to the growers/farmers. This will also reduce
pressure on forests on account of wild collection.

Mission seeks to adopt communication
through print and electronic media as a strong
component of its strategy to promote integration
of
medicinal
plants
farming
in
the
agriculture/horticulture systems with emphasis on
quality and standardization through appropriate
pre and post-harvest linkages.

Promote and support collective efforts at
cultivation and processing in clusters through
Self
sHelp
Groups,
growers
cooperatives/associations, producer companies
and such other organizations with strong linkages
to manufacturers/traders and R&D institutions.
(b) Centrally Sponsored Scheme of National
Mission on Medicinal Plants
The Govt. of India has approved a
Centrally Sponsored Scheme of National Mission
on Medicinal Plants with a total outlay of Rs.
th
630.00 Crores for implementation during the 11
plan. The Scheme is primarily aimed at
supporting market driven medicinal plants
cultivation on private land with backward linkages
for establishment of nurseries, for supply of
quality planting material and forward linkages for
post-harvest
management,
marketing
infrastructure, certification and crop-insurance
in a Mission mode.
Objectives of the Scheme

To support cultivation of identified
medicinal plants through their integration in the
farming system and offer an option for crop
diversification and enhance income of farmers.

To support cultivation of medicinal plants
following
Good Agricultural and Collection
Practices (GACPs) for increasing availability of
quality raw material

To support setting up of processing
zones/clusters
through
convergence
of
cultivation, warehousing, value addition and
marketing and development of infrastructure for
entrepreneurs to set up units in such
zones/clusters.

To support cultivation mechanism for
quality standards, Good Agriculture Practices
(GAPs), Good Collection Practices (GCPs), and
Good Storage Practices (GSPs).
Mission Structure

The Mission has a two tier structure one
at the National and the other at the State Level.
The National Medicinal Plants Board (NMPB) in
the Department of AYUSH is the Nodal
Organization at the National Level for
implementation of the Mission Scheme.
Technical Standing Committee (TSC)

A Technical Screening Committee has
been constituted under the scheme with the
10
approval of Secretary (AYUSH). The Committee
comprises of domain experts from different fields
and has representations from the following
organizations/ Ministries:
generation
to
the
farmers.
However,
development of sound agro- techniques for the
plants that have traditionally been collected from
forests has been a major challenge in promoting
cultivation. In this background agro-techniques
for some of the important medicinal plants by
involving the R&D institutions and universities in
the country have been developed (List of
prioritised species of medicinal plants –
Annexure- V )
I.
II.
III.
IV.
V.
VI.
National Horticulture Board
ICAR
CSIR
Department of AYUSH
North Eastern Council, Shillong
Domain experts nominated by Secretary
(AYUSH)- Two
VII.
National Medicinal Plants Body- Member
Secretary
The committee examines and recommends action
plans submitted by different states.
Achievements of the Mission Scheme


Standing Finance Committee (SFC)
The Board has a Standing Finance
Committee (SFC), which is headed by Secretary
(AYUSH). This committee acts as the Executive
Committee of the Mission. The committee is the
final authority for approval of state action plans
recommended by the TSC.




State Level Steering Committee for the
Mission

The State level Steering Committee is
headed by Addl. Chief Secretary/ Agriculture
Production
Commissioner/
Development
Commissioner at the State level to provide
directions and guidance for implementation of the
Scheme as well as approve the action plans of
the respective states.



Implementing Agencies
The scheme is being implemented in states
through State Horticulture Missions designated
as Mission Directors who are also the Member
Secretaries of the State Level Steering
Committees. In some cases, State Govt. has also
nominated State Medicinal Plants Boards as
Implementing Agencies. Out of 26 States, where
the scheme is being implemented presently, 19
Mission Directors are the Directors of Horticulture
and remaining 7 are CEOs of SMPBs and other
Herbal Boards.

Prioritized species of Medicinal Plants
National Mission on Medicinal Plants is
being implemented in 26 States.
Established 150 model and small nurseries
for production of quality planting material of
medicinal plant species.
Promoted cultivation of commercially
important 116 medicinal plants species.
Supported cultivation over an area of
28051.542 ha.
Supported creation of post- harvest
infrastructure by setting up 30 drying shed
/storage godown.
Supporeted the establishment of 1
processing units for value addition and
market development.
Supported the establishment of 1 district
mandi
Promoted cultivation and processing in
clusters through Self Help Groups,
Growers
Cooperatives/Associations,
Producer’s companies and such other
organizations
with
linkages
to
manufacturers/traders
and
R&D
institutions.
OTHER IMPORTANT ACTIVITIES
(i) Strengthening of State Medicinal Plants
Boards:
Financial assistance is being provided to
State Medicinal Plants Boards for their day-today activities including the monitoring of
sanctioned projects. At present 35 State
Medicinal Plants Board are working in different
states to implement the schemes of NMPB. (List
of State Medicinal Plants Board – Annexure - IV )
(ii)
Board has also prioritized 116 important
species of medicinal plants, which have a
potential for cultivation, marketing, trade and are
raw materials for herbal medicines. The
commercial cultivation of medicinal plants offers
opportunities for crop diversification and income
Launch of Amla Campaign:
The NMPB has launched Amla
Campaign through State Medicinal Plants
Boards. The objective behind the Campaign is
promotion of awareness regarding use of Amla,
increase its production and consumption.
11
Financial assistance is provided to organizations
in States / UTs for promotion of cultivation, IEC
activities, training, capacity building, value
addition and project management etc. As many
as 19 SMPBs have been sanctioned projects
under Amla Campaign Viz. Andhra Pradesh,
Arunachal Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Gujarat,
Haryana, Jammu & Kashmir, Karnataka, Kerala,
Madhya
Pradesh,
Mizoram,
Meghalaya,
Maharashtra, Nagaland, Orissa, Sikkim, Tripura,
Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal.
iii)
(vi) Herbal Garden network of India:
NMPB has sanctioned a project entitled
“Networking of Herbal Gardens for supply of
quality planting material” to National Research
Centre for Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Anand,
Gujarat with the following objectives:
 To develop a national herbal garden
network.
 Strengthen
the
Ex-situ
conservationactivities of Medicinal &
Aromatic plants of India
 Provide access to quality planting
material of MAPs.
Launch of Moringa Campaign:
Sahjan (Moringa oleifera) is an important
plant nutritionally, medicinally and economically
particularly for the poor. It is an important source
of food contributing to a more balanced diet and
can be a significant factor in providing food
security for the community at large.
A campaign on Moringa as part of the
Amla Campaign was launched to promote
consumption and planting of the plant in public
premises like school, colleges, homestead
gardens, government and private institutions,
universities, by involving different stakeholders,
through State Medicinal Plants Board (SMPBs).
The project aims at:



(Iv)
Involvement of Agricultural Finance
rd
Corporation Ltd. for 100% 3 party Monitoring
and Evaluation of project sanctioned by NMPB:



NMPB has initiated 100% monitoring of
all projects under the Central Sector Scheme for
Conservation, Development and Sustainable
Management of Medicinal Plants (except R&D)
through Agricultural Finance Corporation. This
has enabled better utilization of resources as
funds are released only to well performing
projects.
(vii)
Identify the locations of herbal gardens in
India
Construct a herbal garden network
and link up all the herbal gardens to
this net.
Data base development on number of
species, availability of planting material,
quantity of the available planting material,
cost of planting material etc. from different
herbal gardens of India are being
maintained under this umbrella.
Structuring of information
Development of web based software
package
Provide online information about the herbal
gardens and facilitate the exchange of
medicinal species among the member
herbal gardens within the country.
Dissemination of information on marketing
of medicinal plants:
Dissemination of market information is the
key to promoting cultivation and marketing of the
produce. For this purpose the Board has
developed e-portal which seeks to disseminate
information on medicinal plants and their prices
in various mandies on a weekly basis. The portal
can also function as a virtual mandi for trading
medicinal plants by exchange of information
between buyers and sellers.
(v)
Setting up Facilitation Centres (FCs) for
Extension and Support Services on medicinal
plants:
Since SMPBs in states / UTs are not
adequately equipped with staff and infrastructure
support, NMPB has set up Facilitation Centres in
State Agriculture Universities and R&D
Institutions. These centres act as one stop
shops for growers and other stake holders and
would work in close coordination with SMPBs.
203 Facilitation Centres have been set up so far.
The State Chief Secretaries have been
requested to set up Monitoring Committees
under the chairpersonships of the Agricultural
Production Commissioners to oversee the
functioning of the FCs.
(viii)
Database on quantum of raw material
used by ASU Industry:
The Department of AYUSH has issued a
notification under the Drugs and Cosmetics Act
making it mandatory for ASU Industries to
provide information on the quantum of raw
material used in the form of annual statements of
12
species wise consumption. The information has
to be furnished to NMPB or an agency appointed
by it by 30th June of every year.
(ix)
Creation
of
Awareness
dissemination of information
would cover following steps viz. Registration of
Application, Evaluation(s) at the site, Testing of
sample(s), Grant of Certificate, Periodic
Surveillance Evaluation, Market sampling and
Renewal of certificate.
The Voluntary Certification in the field of
Medicinal Plants Sector would go a long way in
improving the quality of raw material to Ayurveda,
Siddha and Unani industry and other sister
industries.
and
Brochures, posters, bulletins and e- book
etc. consisting of information on cultivation,
therapeutic values, cultivation economics and
objectives/ activities of Medicinal Plants Board
were prepared for wider dissemination.
Participated in Arogya and other Health Melas for
propagation of information through display and
distribution of publicity material relating to
development of medicinal plants sector and
schemes of NMPB.
(x)
D. RESEARCH COUNCILS:
The Central Council for Research in
Indian Medicine and Homoeopathy (CCRIMH)
was established in 1969 to carry out research in
Ayurveda,
Siddha,
Unani,
Yoga
and
Homoeopathy under the Ministry of Health and
Family Welfare. Later, in 1978, this composite
Council was dissolved to pave the way for the
formation of four independent Research
Councils, one each for Ayurveda and Siddha,
Unani, Homoeopathy and Yoga and Naturopathy.
The four successor Research Councils were
established as autonomous organizations
registered under Societies Act, to initiate, guide,
develop and coordinate scientific research, both
fundamental and applied, in different aspects of
their respective systems. The Research
Councils, which are fully financed by the
Government of India, are the apex bodies for
scientific research in the concerned systems of
medicine. The research activities of the Research
Councils are monitored and reviewed periodically
in order to ensure that the research is focused
and that it is undertaken in a time bound manner.
The outputs of the research studies are
disseminated among educationists, researchers,
physicians, manufacturers and the common man.
Good Agriculture Practices and Good
Field Collection Practices
The quality of AYUSH products is
critically dependent upon the quality of raw
material used for their manufacturing. For the
purpose of ensuring the quality of the
manufacturing process, the Government has
already notified Good Manufacturing Practices
(GMPs) under the Dsrugs & Cosmetics Act. The
quality of raw material used, however, is
generally assessed with reference to the
adoption of Good Agricultural & Collection
Practices.
The World Health Organization
(WHO) has already evolved guidelines on Good
Agricultural and Collection Practices (GACPs).
The
National
Medicinal
Plants
Board,
Department of AYUSH has through a wide
ranging consultative process, also developed
Good Agricultural Practices for cultivated
Medicinal Plants and Good Field Collection
Practices for the collection of medicinal plants.
(xi) Voluntary Certification
Medicinal Plants
Scheme
for
(i) Central Council for Research in Ayurveda
Sciences (CCRAS):
The National Medicinal Plants Board has
developed the Certification Standards and
Procedures and Scheme of Certification through
Quality Council of India (QCI), Under the
Scheme, any producer / collector / group of
producers or collectors can obtain a certification
from a designated Certification Body (CB) and
will be under regular surveillance of the
certification body. An option of getting a lot
inspected and certified has also been made in
the Scheme. It also allows certification of
intermediaries like traders who may source
certified medicinal plant material and supply
further. The certification process in general
The Central Council for Research in
Ayurvedic Sciences (CCRAS), Department of
AYUSH, Ministry of Health and Family
Welfare,
Government
of
India,
an
autonomous body for under taking,
coordinating , formulating, developing and
promoting research in Ayurveda on scientific
lines. The activities are carried out through
300 Institutes/Centres/Units located at
different states across the country and also in
collaboration with reputed academic and
research organizations. The broad areas of
research comprise Medicinal Plant Research
(Medico-ethno Botanical survey, cultivation,
13
Pharmacognosy),
Drug
standardization
Research, Pharmacology Research (Preclinical Safety/Toxicity and Biological Activity
Studies),
Clinical
Research,
Literary
Research & Documentation. The extension
activities include Tribal Health Care
Research,
Health
Care
Services,
Information, Education and Communication
(IEC) etc.
Institute, Jaipur 30. Herbal
Research Centre, Nagaland.
Ayurveda
The main objectives comprise
1. The formulation of aims and patterns of
research on scientific lines in Ayurveda.
2. To undertake any research or other
programmes in Ayurveda.
3. The prosecution of and assistance in
research, the propagation of knowledge
and experimental measures generally in
connection with the causation, mode of
spread and prevention of diseases.
4. To initiate, aid, develop and coordinate
scientific research in different aspects,
fundamental and applied of Ayurveda
and to promote and assist institutions of
research for the study of diseases, their
prevention, causation and remedy.
5. To finance enquiries and researches for
the furtherance of objects of the Central
Council.
6. To exchange information with other
institutions, associations and societies
interested in the objects similar to those
of the Central Council and especially in
observation and study of diseases in
East and in India in particular.
7. To prepare, print, publish and exhibit any
papers, posters, pamphlets, periodicals
and books for furtherance of the objects
of the Central Council and contribute of
such literature.
The
Council’s
Institutional
network
encompass 1. National Research Institute for
Ayurveda
Siddha
Human
Resource
development, Gwalior 2. National Research
institute for Panchakarma, Cheruthuruthy 3.
National Research Institute for Ayurveda
Drug Development, Kolkata, 4 Captain
Srinivasa Murthy Research Institute for
Ayurveda and Siddha Drug Development,
Chennai 5. National Research Institute for
Ayurveda Drug Development, Bhubaneswar
6. National Institute of Indian Medical
Heritage, Hyderabad 7. National Research
Institute of Basic Ayurvedic Sciences, Pune
8.
National Institute of Ayurvedic
Pharmaceutical Research, Patiala 9. North
East India Ayurveda Research Institute,
Guwahati 10. National Vriksha Ayurveda
Research Institute, Jhansi 11. National
Veterinary Ayurveda Research Institute,
Lucknow 12. National Ayurveda Dietetics
Research Institute, Bangluru, 13. National
Ayurveda Research Institute for Vector
Borne Diseases, Vijayawada 14. National
Research Institute for Sowa Rigpa, Leh 15.
Ayurveda Central Research Institute, Delhi
16. Ayurveda Contraceptive Drug Research
Institute,
Ahmadabad
17.
Ayurveda
Research Institute for Mother and Child
Health Care, Thiruvananthapuram 18.
Advanced Center for Ayurveda in Mental
Health & Neurosciences, Bangluru 19.
Ayurveda
Cancer
Research
Institute,
Mumbai 20. Ayurveda Mental Health
Research Institute, Nagpur 21. Regional
Research Institute of Himalayan Flora,
Tarikhet, Ranikhet 22. Dr. Achanta
Lakshmipati Research Centre for Ayurveda,
Chennai
23. Ayurveda Regional
Research Institute, Gangtok 24. Ayurveda
Regional Research Institute, Mandi 25.
Ayurveda Regional Research Institute,
Jammu 26. Ayurveda Tribal Health Care
Research Project, Port Blair 27. Ayurveda
Regional Research Institute, Patna 28.
Ayurveda Regional Research Institute,
Itanagar 29. Ayurveda Central Research
For more about CCRAS, visit Website at:
www.ccras.nic.in
(ii) Central Council for Research in Siddha
(CCRS) :
The Central Council for Research in
Siddha
(CCRS)
(Website:
www.crisiddha.tn.nic.in) is an apex body for the
formulation, Co-ordination and development of
scientific validation of Siddha System of Medicine
and was eastablished as a separate Research
Council w.e.f. September 2010. The research
activities of CCRS are carried out through 5
peripheral Institutes / Units in the State of
Tamilnadu, Kerala and the U.T. of Puducherry.
These units include 1 Central Research Institute
at Chennai, 2 Regional Research Institutes at
Puducherry and Thiruvananthapuram, 1 Clincial
Research Unit at Palayamkottai, 1 Medicinal
Plants Garden at Mettur. This is inclusive of 2
attached hospitals at Chennai and Puducherry; 2
14
attached dispensaries at Palayamkottai and
Thiruvananthapuram. The council emphasis on
finding effective and low cost remedies for
various disease conditions through systematic
research. The research activity of the council
includes clinical research, fundamental research,
drug research and literary research.
The Central Council for Research in
Unani Medicine (CCRUM) is an autonomous
organization under Department of AYUSH,
Ministry of Health and Family Welfare,
Government of India. The Council was
established on 30 March 1978 under Societies
Registration Act, 1860. However, it started
functioning from 10 January 1979. The main
objectives of the Council are as follows.
The main objectives of the CCRS are
following:










The formulation of aims and patterns of
research on scientific lines in Siddha.
To undertake any research or other
related programmes in Siddha.
The prosecution of and assistance in
research, the propagation of knowledge
and experimental measures generally in
connection with the causation, mode of
spread and prevention of diseases.
To initiate, aid, develop and coordinate
scientific research in different aspect,
fundamental and applied aspects of
Siddha and to promote and assist
institutions of research for the study
diseases, their prevention, causation and
remedy.
To finance enquires and researches for
the furtherance of objects of the Central
Council.
To exchange information with other
institutions, associations and societies
interested in the objects similar to those
of the Central council and specially in
observation and study of diseases in
India in particular.
TO prepare, print, publish and exhibit
any
papers,
posters,
pamphlets,
periodicals and books for furtherance of
the objects of the Central Council and
contribute to such literature.
To create Administrative, Technical and
Ministerial and other posts under the
Society and to make appointments
thereto in accordance with the rules and
regulations of the Society.
To undertake R & D Consultancy
projects and transfer of patents on drugs
and process tso industry.
To undertake R & D projects sponsored
by industries in Public / Private Sector.






Formulation of aims and patterns of
research on scientific lines in Unani
Medicine.
To undertake research or any other
programmes in Unani medicine.
Prosecution of and assistance in research
and propagation of knowledge and
experimental measures generally in
connections with the causation, mode of
spread and prevention of diseases.
To initiate, aid, develop and coordinate
scientific research on different aspects,
fundamental and applied, of Unani
medicine, and to promote and assist
institutions of research for the study of
diseases, their prevention, causation and
remedy.
To finance enquiries and researches for
the furtherance of objectives of the
Council.
To exchange information with other
institutions, associations and societies
interested in the objectives similar to
those of the Council especially in the
observation and study of diseases in the
East in general, and in India in particular.
To prepare, print, publish and exhibit any
articles, posters, pamphlets, periodicals
and books for furtherance of the
objectives of the Council and to contribute
to such literature.
The Council’s research programme
comprises clinical research, drug research,
literary research and survey and cultivation of
medicinal plants. Besides, extension health
services
and
information,
Education
&
Communication (IEC) activities are also part of
the Council’s programme. The Council’s
research activities are being carried out though a
network of 24 Institutes/Units functioning in
different part of the country. These include two
Central Research Institue of Unani Medeicine
(CRIUM) – one each at Hyderbad and Lucknow,
eight Regional research Institue of Unani
(iii) Central Council for Research in Unani
Medicine (CCRUM):
15
Medicine (RRIUM) – one each at Chennai,
Bhadrak, Patna, aligharh, Mumbai, Srinagar,
Kolkata and New Delhi; two Regional Research
Centres of Unani medicine (RRCUM) – one each
at Allahabad and Silchar (Assam) with an
extension Centre at Karimganj; five Clinical
Research Units (CRUs) – one each at Bangalore,
Meerut, Bhopal, Bhurhanpur and Edathala
(Kerala); a Drug Standardization Research Unit
(DSRU) at Ghaziabad and New Delhi; a
Chemical Research Unit (CRU) at Aligarh and
Literary Research Institute of Unani Medicine
(LRIUM) at New Delhi. Besides, two Unani
Medicine Medical Centres (UMCs) are also
functioning in modern allopathic hospitals in New
Delhi. A Clinical Resarch Pilot Project (CRPP) is
also functioning in Manipur.
In the area of survey & cultivation of
medicinal plants, the Council is busy undertaking
ethanobotanical explorations of different forest
areas collecting information on medicinal flora.
Besides collecting information on medicinal folk
claims from different tribes in the region so as to
develop a database is also part of this
programme. Experimental cultivation of some
important medicinal plants is also being
undertaken at the Council’s herb gardens.
Extension health services is being
provided to the common man through General
OPD at the Councils’s centres, mobile OPD at
the door steps of the patients and in the Unani
OPD at the modern Allopathic hospitals (under
the scheme of co-location of AYUSH
Dispensaries in modern Allopathic Hospitals).
Two such centres of the Council are functioning
in New Delhi.
Under the Information, Education and
Communication (IEC) activities, the Council is
engaged in propagating the strength of the
system on the preventive, Promotive and curative
health aspects among the masses by organizing
conferences, seminars, workshops, group
meetings, health exhibitions in the country.
Efforts are on to introduce the system in the
foreign countries also.
The Council is engaged in multifaceted
research activities. In the area of clinical
research, the Council is conducting clinical
studies and therapeutic trials on some common
and chronic ailments with emphasis on diseases
having national health priorities. Besides,
scientific validation of classical/Pharmacopoeial
Unani drugs is also being undertaken with a view
to validate their efficacy and saftety. Pre-clinical
safety evaluation studies are also being taken for
new drugs.
Research on fundamental aspects of
Unani medicine is also continued with a view to
scientifically validate different concepts. Besides,
experimental validation of Unani regimental
therapies in different chronic condition is also
being undertaken at different centres of the
Council.
(iv) Central Council for Research in Yoga &
Naturopathy (CCRYN):
Central Council for Research in Yoga &
Naturopathy was established in 1978 with a view
to provide better opportunities for all round
development of Yoga and Naturopathy
independently according to their own doctrines
and
fundamental
principles
(website:
www.ccryn.org). The Council has been involved
in carrying out research on various aspects of
Yoga and Naturopathy by funding such research
in various institutions. Leading Medical as well as
Yoga institutions like the All India Institute of
Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi; National
Institute of Mental Health & Neuro-Sciences
(NIMHANS), Bengaluru; Dr. RML Hospital, New
Delhi; GTB Hospital, New Delhi, and
Vivekananda Yoga Anusandhan Sansthan,
Bengaluru etc. are involved in conducting Clinical
Research in the field of Yoga and Naturopathy
with the financial support of the Council.
Besides, the OPD facility of Yoga and
Naturopathy exists in Delhi at Safdarjung
Hospital, Lady Harding Medical College, Dr.
R.M.L. Hospital, Ch. Brahm Prakash Ayurvedic
In the area of drug research,
development of Standard Operating Procedures
(SOPs) for single and compound drugs is being
done. The standards so developed have been
incorporated in the Unani Pharmacopeia of India.
Modification in the form of the Unani drugs to
make it more palatable using modern
pharmaceutical techniques is also being done.
Quality control of Unani durgs is also part of this
Programme.
In the literary research programme,
collation, editing and translation of classical Unai
books is being done. Besides, reprinting of out of
print classical books also continued. Diseasewise data base of information available in the
Unani classics is also being developed. Work on
compilation of standard treatment guidelines in
Unani Medicine is continued. Compiled
document on standard Unani terminologies.
16
Charak Sansthan, University College of Medical
Sciences, Naturopathy Hospital, Rohini and
CCRYN Headquarters as well outside Delhi and
also Pt. B. D. Sharma Post Graduate Medical
Institute,
Rohtak
and
Vinoba
Niketan
Nedumangad, Thiruvananthapuram.
2. Clinical Research Profile
3. Yoga and Biofeedback for the treatment
of Irritable Bowel Syndrome
4. Yoga for Computer Related health
Problems
5. Yogic Relaxation in the Management of
Ulcerative Colitis
6. Uni-nostril Yoga breathing and Obesity:
A study of efficacy & Mechanisms
7. Effect of Asans and Pranayams on
Neurological, Neuromuscular & CardioRespiratory functions in Healthy Human
Volunteers
8. Autonomic Function Tests in Epilepsy:
Effect of Hatha Yoga
9. Assessment of the efficacy of Vipasana
Meditation on various age groups: A
polysomnographic
and
endocrine
function evolution.
10. A Randomized Controlled Trial on the
Efficacy of Yoga in the Management of
Bronchial Asthma
11. Research Methodology in Yoga &
(compilation
of
presentations
of
workshop in Research Methodology)
12. Research Methodology in Naturopathy &
Yoga-II (compilation of presentations of
workshop in Research Methodolgoy)
.
Council also conducts yoga classes six days a
week for general public at the Council
Headquarter, Janakpuri, New Delhi. Yoga fitness
classes for Government employees also running
by Council at Udyog Bhawan, New Delhi. Council
is in the process of establishing its Central
Research Institutes in Karnataka, Haryana, Delhi
and Odisha for carrying out research activities.
Council has completed 37 research studies in
past and 41 research papers have published.
The Council has following objectives:ss









Formulation of aimss and patterns of
Research on scientific lines in Yoga and
Naturopathy.
Undertaking
education,
training,
research and other programmes in Yoga
and Naturopathy
Promoting and assisting institutions in
the prosecution of research, propagation
of
knowledge
and
experimental
measures in connection with the study of
disease, their prevention, causation and
remedy especially with emphasis for
covering the rural population of the
country.
Initiation, aiding, developing and cocoordinating scientific research in
fundamental and applied aspects of
Yoga and Naturopathy.
Financing enquiries and research for the
furtherance of objects of the Council and
exchanging information with other
institutions, associations and societies
having similar object.
Preparing, printing, publishing and
exhibiting papers, posters, pamphlets,
periodicals and books for the furtherance
of the objectives of the Council and to
contribute to such literature.
Grant-in-aid to Naturopathy & Yoga
Hospitals
under
Treatment
cum
Propagation Centre and Patient Care
Centre Schemes.
\=Scholarships for Ph.D. Fellows.
Research Monographs Published so far:
(v) Central Council for Research in Homoeopathy
(CCRH):
Among the Traditional / Complementary
systems
of
Medicine
in
the
country,
Homoeopathy is one of the most popular System
of Medicine. Recognizing the acceptance of this
system by the masses, the Government of India
established the Central Council for Research in
Indian
Medicine
and
Homoeopa
thy in 1969. In 1978, the Council was split to
streamline the research work in all the system of
medicines under AYUSH. Thus the Central
Council for Research in Homoeopathy came into
existence as an autonomous organization at New
Delhi. At present, the Central Council for
Research in Homoeopathy (CCRH) has a
network of 29 Institutes/Units including 02
independent extension Units across the country
which comprises of two (02) Central Research
Institutes (H), ) (CRIH), Kottayam (Kerala) &
Nodia, (U.P.), one (01) Homoeopathic Drug
Research Insitute (HDRI), Lucknow, (U.P.), eight
(08)
Regional
Research
Institutes
(Homoeopathy) (RRIH), Mumbai (Maharashtra),
Gudivada, (Andhra Pradesh), Jaipur (Rajasthan),
Imphal (Manipur), Guwahati (Assam), Shimla
(Himachal Pradesh), Puri (Orissa) & Kolkata
1. Coronary
Atherosclerosis
Reversal
Potential of Yoga Life Style Intervention
17
(West Bengal), thirteen (13) Clinical Research
Units for Homoeopathy (CRUH), Chennai (Tamil
Nadu), Siliguri (West Bengal), Port Blair
(Andaman and Nicobar Islands), Ranchi
(Jharkhand), Puducherry (U.T.), Tirupati (Andhra
Pradesh),
Dimapur
(Nagaland),
Aizwal
(Mizoram), Itanagar (Arunachal Pradesh),
Shillong
(Meghalaya),
Agartala
(Tripura),
Gangtok (Sikkim), Patna (Bihar), one (01) Drug
Standardization Unit (DSU), Hyderabad (Andhra
Pradesh), One (01) Survey of Medicinal Plants
and Collection Unit (SMPCU), Ooty (Tamil
Nadu), one (01) Homoeopathic Treatment Centre
(HTC) and two (02) Extension Units, Puri
(Orissa) & Hyderabad (Andhra Pradesh). Other
than this there are three (03) OPD Centers,
Nedumangad (Kerala), Delhi Cantonment (New
Delhi) & Lady Harding Medical College (New
Delhi).
medicinal plants, Extramural and Collaborative
Research studies.
E. STATUTORY REGULATORY BODIES:
There is a need to initiate measures to
improve the standards of Medical Education by
revising curricula to contemporary relevance by
creating medical institutions and Centre of
Excellence and providing assistance for
infrastructural growth.
The Department is
committed for the development and propagation
of Ayurveda, Yogsa, Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha
and Homoeopathy systems and strives to
maintain standards of education in the existing
colleges. AYUSH teaching institutions are being
provided financial assistance for creating
infrastructural facilities as specified in the
Minimum Standards Regulations and the
regulations of Under-graduate and Post-graduate
education issued by Central Council of Indian
Medicine (CCIM) and Central Council of
Homoeopathy (CCH). So far, total (510) i.e. 325
and 185 colleges/institutions have been
permitted by CCIM and CCH respectively to
undertake UG /PG courses and these colleges
are affiliated with 76 recognized universities
throughout the country including two exclusive
Ayurveda universities and six Health Universities
(Annexure - VI).
The Council has IPD facilities at four (04)
Centers (Kottayam, Noida, Gudivada and Puri)
and OPD service at 27 Centres. Out of the Units
mentioned above, the Units of the Council that
are not directly dealing with the patients are
Drugs Proving Extension Units at Regional
Research Institute (H), Puri and Survey of
Medicinal Plants and Collection Unit, Ooty.
The Main Objectives of CCRH are:






Regulation of Medical education and
maintenance of Central Register of ISM &H are
two main functions of these regulatory bodies.
There are 47 State Boards of Indian System of
Medicine and Homoeopathy (Annexure -VII) for
registering AYUSH practitioners possessing
recognized medical qualifications.
Formulation of aims and patterns of
research
on
scientific
lines
in
Homoeopathy.
Initiation, development, undertaking and
co-ordination of scientific research in
fundamental and applied aspects of
Homoeopathy.
Collaboration of research studies with
other institutes of excellence towards
promotion of Homoeopathy.
Exchanging of information with other in
stitutions, associations and societies
interested in the objects similar to those
of the Central Council for Research in
Homoeopahty
and
especially
in
observation and study of diseases.
Propagation of research findings through
monographs, journals, workshops &
develop
audiovisual
aids
for
dissemination of information to the
profession & Public.
(i) Central Council of Indian Medicine (CCIM):
The Central Council of Indian Medicine is a
statutory body constituted under the Indian
Medicine Central Council Act, 1970 vide Gazette
Notification Extraordinary Part- II Section 3 (ii)
dated 10.8.1971. The Government of India vide
issuing amendments in the said Gazette
Notification has changed the members in 1984
and 1995. The main objects of the Central
Council are as under:-
The main areas of research of the
Council
are
Clinical
Research,
Drug
Standardisation,
Drug
Proving,
Clinical
Verification, Survey, Collection and Cultivation of
18

To prescribe minimum standards of
education in Indian Systems of Medicine
viz. Ayurveda, Siddha and Unani Tib.

To advise Central Government in matters
relating
to
the
recognition
(inclusion/withdrawal)
of
medical
qualifications in/from Second Schedule to
Indian Medicine Central Council Act, 1970.

To maintain a Central Register of Indian
Medicine and revise the Register from time
to time.

To Prescribe Standards of Professional
Conduct, Etiquette and Code of Ethics to
be observed by the practitioners.

To
consider
and
furnish
the
recommendations to Government of India
on the proposal received from various
institutions through Government of India
for establishment of new colleges of Indian
Systems of Medicine, to increase intake
capacity in Under-graduate course/Postgraduate course and to start new Postgraduate course or additional subjects.
Regulations framed by CCIM with the previous
sanction of Government of India.
2.) Central Council of Indian Medicine (Election
of President and Vice-President ) Regulations,
1971.
3.) Central Council of Indian medicine (General)
Regulations, 1976 amended in 2012.
4.) Central Council of Indian
Medicine
(Inspectors and Visitors) Regulations, 1977.
5.) Practitioners of Indian Medicine (Standards of
Professional Conduct, Etiquette and Code of
Ethics) Regulations, 1982.
6.) Indian Medicine Central Council (Minimum
Standards of Education in Indian Medicine )
(Amendment) Regulations, 1989 Subsequently
amended 2005 and further amended 2005, 2010,
2011 and 2012 for Ayurvedacharya (Bachelor of
Ayurvedic Medicine & Surgery) Course.
7.) Indian Medicine Central Council (Minimum
Standards of Education in Indian Medicine )
(Amendment) Regulations, 1995 for Kamil-e-tibo-jarahat (Bachelor of Unani Medicine & Surgery
Course).
8.) Indian Medicine Central Council (Minimum
Standards of Education in Indian Medicine )
Amendment Regulations, 20006 for Siddha
Maruthuva Arignar (Bachelor of Siddha Medicine
and Surgery) BSMS Course.
9.) Indian Medicine Central Council (Postgraduate Ayurveda Education) Regulations to
2012 for Ayurveda Vachaspati MD (Ay.).
10.) Indian Medicine Central Council (Post
Garduate Usnani Education) Regulation, 2007
for Mahir-e-Jarahat (Master of Surgery).
11.) Indian Medicine Central Council (Postgraduate Education) Regulations, 1986 and
further added in 1994 for Siddha Maruthuva
Perarignar, MD (Siddha) Course.
12.) Establishment of New Medical College
opening of new or Higher Course of Study of
training and increase of admission capacity by a
medical college Regulations, 20503.
13.) Indian Medicine Central Council (Permission
of Existing Medical Colleges) Regulations, 2006.
14.) Indian Medicine Central Council (PostGraduate Unani Education) Regulations, 2007.
15.) Indian Medicine Central Council (Postgraduate Diploma Course) Regulations 2010.
Since its establishment in 1971, the
Central Council has been framing on and
implementing various regulation including the
Curricula and Syllabii in Indian Systems of
Medicine viz. Ayurved, Siddha and Unani Tib at
Under-graduate level and Post-graduate level.
Now all the Colleges of Indian Systems of
Medicine are affiliated to 44 Universities in the
Country. These Colleges are following the
minimum standards of education and Curricula
and Syllabii, prescribed by Central Council.
The Central Council of Indian Medicine
has prescribed Regulations for Under-graduate
and Post-graduate courses of Ayurveda, Siddha
and Unani Tib considering that after completion
of education, they would become profound
scholars having deep basis of Ayurved, Siddha
and Unani with scientific knowledge in the
fundamentals of respective systems. Through
extensive practical training students become an
efficient
Teachers,
Research
scholars,
Kayachikitsak (Physicians) and Shalya Chikitsak
(Surgeons) who are fully competent to serve in
the medical and health services of the Country.
The Central Council has prescribed the following
Regulations:-
Status/Number of College
Rules (framed by Government of India)
1) Indian
Medicine
Central
Council
(Election) Rules, 1975 amended in 2012
(framed by Government of India).
At present there are 256 Ayurved, 09 Siddha and
41 Unani Colleges, affiliated with various
universities of the Country. 55 colleges in
19
Ayurved, 03 in Siddha and 08 in Unani imparting
Post-graduate education in different specialties.
Medicine and updating of the same is a
continuous process.
The Central Council of Indian Medicine has
updated the Central Register and about 1.80 lakh
names of ISM practitioners from all over country
have been uploaded on website of CCIM,
therefore, practitioners can ensure the availability
of his/her name on the Central Register of Indian
Medicine and can do practices anywhere in India.
Moreover, the names of Ayurveda, Unani and
Siddha Practitioners of all States of India got
centrally registered and their names have been
published in Gazette notification.
Central Council has prescribed following
courses at Under-graduate and Post-graduate
level. Minimum Standards of education and
syllabi for different courses for Ayurveda, Siddha
and Unani Tib have also been laid down by the
Council.
Ayurveda
Ayurvedacharya (Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medince
& Surgery) – 5-1/2 Years.
Ayurved Vachaspati (MD-Ayurved)–3 Years
Ayurved Dhanwantari (MS-Ayurved)-3 Years
Diploma in Ayurved – 2 years
Unani Tib
Kamil-e-Tib-o-Jarahat (Bachelor of
Medicine & Surgery ) - 5-1/2 years
Mahir-e-Tib (MD-Unani) - 3 years
Mahir-e-jarahat (MS-Unani)- 3 years
Diploma in Unani – 2 Years
The Central register of following states for the
period mentioned against the names are
prepared and notified in the Gazette of India:-
Unani
(ii) Central Council of Homoeopathy (CCH):
The Central Council of Homoeopathy is a
corporate body constituted by the Government of
India under the provisions of Homoeopathy
Central
Council
Act,
19703
(website:
www.cchindia.com). This council is comprised of
members elected from the States/U.T.s and from
Faculties/Departments of Homoeopathy in
Universities and of members nominated by the
Central Government. Its main objectives are:
Siddha
Siddha Maruthuva Arignar (Bachelor of Siddha
Medicine & Surgery)- 5-1/2 years
Siddha Maruthuva Perignar (MD-Unani) –3
yesars.
CENTRAL REGISTER OF INDIAN MEDICINE.

As per provision of 23 of IMCC Act 1970
reads as under:-

The Central Council shall cause to
maintained in the prescribed manner, a register
of practitioners in separate part for each of the
system of Indian medicine to be known as the
Central Register of Indian medicine which shall
contain the names of all persons who are for the
time being enrolled on any State Register of
Indian Medicine and who possess any of the
recognized medical qualifications.



Preparation and maintenance of Central Register
of Indian Medicine is one of the main objects of
the Central Council. As per provisions of the
IMCC Act, 1970, Central Council is maintaining a
Central Register in the prescribed manner, which
is containing, the names of persons who are
enrolled on any State Register of Indian Medicine
and who possess any of the recognized medical
qualifications included in the Schedules to the
Indian Medicine Central Council Act, 1970. The
maintenance of Central Register of Indian
Regulation of Medical education in
Homoeopathy.
Maintenance of a Central Register of
Homoeopathic Practitioners in the
country.
Prescribing standards of professional
conduct, etiquette and a code of ethics
for the practitioners of Homoeopathy.
Recommending recognition and / or
withdrawal of recognition of medical
qualification in Homeopathy.
Recommending for approval of a new
college or increase of seats of starting of
new or higher courses in existing
colleges.
(a)
Regulation
Homoeopathy:
of
Medical
Education
of
The Regulations of CCH prescribed for
Under Graduate degree course ‘Bachelor of
Homoeopathic Medicine and Surgery (BHMS)’ (5
&1/2 years) and a bridge course BHMS of 2
Years and Post Graduate M.D. (Hom) courses (3
year in seven specialty subjects are as under.
20
Ayurveda system, whereas, one National
Institute exists each in Unani, Siddha, Yoga,
Naturopathy and Homoeopathy systems.

Homoeopathy
(Degree
Course)
Regulations, 1983 further amended in
2003 and 2005 respectively.
 Homoeopathy (Graded Degree Course)
Regulation, 1983 (further amended in
2001).
 Homoepathy (Post Graudate Degree
courses) Regulations, 1989, (further
amended in 1993, 2001 & 2012
respectively).
The Homeopathy Central council Act, 1973
was amended in 2002 (but amendments were
enforced w.e.f. 28.01.2003) and the power to
grant permission for starting new colleges,
introducing new or higher courses of study and
increasing the number of seats in a college has
been vested with the Central Government on the
recommendation of Central Council.
(i) National Institute of Ayurveda (NIA), Jaipur:
National Institute of Ayurveda, Jaipur
established in 1976 by the Government of India,
is an apex Institute of Ayurveda in the country to
develop high standards of teaching, training and
research in all aspects of the Ayurvedic System
of Medicine with scientific approach (website:
www.nia.nic.in). It is affiliated to the Rajasthan
Ayurved University, Jodhpur. The Institute is
conducting an Under-Graduate Course (BAMS)
(92 Seats in 2009). The Institute is also
conducting a three year Post-Graduate Course
"Ayurveda Vachaspati" (M.D. Ayurveda) in 14
Subjects,
viz.
Dravya
Guna
Vigyana,
Kayachikitsa, Kaumarbhritya, Panchakarma,
Rasa Shastra and Bhaishajya Kalpana, Roga
and Vikriti Vigyan, Maulik Siddhanta (Samhita),
Shalya Tantra and Sharir Kriya, Sharir Rachana,
Swastha Vritta, Shalakya Tantra, Prasuti, Stri
Roga and Agad Tantra with admission capacity
of 104 students. The Institute also grants regular
Fellowships
leading
to
the
award
of
Ph.D.(Ayurved) in 11 Subjects, viz. Kaya
Chikitsa, Shalya Tantra, Maulik Siddhanta, Rog
Vigyan,
Dravya
Guna,
Sharir
Kriya,
Panchakarma, Rasa Shastra and Bala Roga,
Prasuti Tantra-Stri Roga and Sharir Rachana.
The Institute also conducts a Diploma Course in
Ayurveda Nursing and Pharmacy of two and a
half years duration with an intake capacity of 30
seats annually and 3 months Panchkarma
Attendant Training Course in Classical and
Keraliya Panchakarma Procedure with an intake
capacity of 40 Seats (10 for SC and 10 for
others).. Besides, the Institute is involved in
Clinical Research. The Institute has 2 Hospitals
with a Bed Strength of 357. It also has a
separate fully equipped Panchakarma unit and
also Specialty Clinics like Geriatrics & Dietetics,
Nature Cure, Diabetic, Allergic, Child Mental
Health,
Centre
of
of
Excellence
for
Musculoskeletal Disorders and also TeleMedicine and Satellite Clinics. There is a Central
Laboratory for various types of patient
investigations including TMT, ECG etc. It has a
Centre of Excellence for Eye Diseases in
collaboration with Sreedhareeyam of Kerala. The
Institute is soon starting another Centre of
Excellence with Vaidyaratnam Oushadhalaya of
Kerala. Institute has a Satellite Clinic in a
popular residential-cum-commercial area of
Jaipur (Jawahar Nagar). NIA is also conducting
In exercise of the powers conferred by
Sections 33 & 12A of the HCC Act, 1973, the
Central Council of Homoeopathy with the
previous sanction of Central Government
enforced the Establishment of New Medical
College (opening of New or Higher course of
Study of Training and increase of admission
capacity by a Medical College) Regulations
2011.
(b) Central Register of Homoeopathy:
Under the provisions of Homoeopathy
Central Council Act, 1973, CCH has the
responsibility to maintain the Central Register of
Homoeopathy in two parts (Part I and in Part II);
Part I contains the names of all the persons who
possess any of the recognised medical
qualification in Homoeopathy and Part II contains
the names of all the persons other than those
included in Part I who were enrolled on any State
Register
of
Homoeopathy
before
the
commencement of the provisions of the
Homoeopathy Central Council Act, 1973. Direct
registration is also done by Central Council as
per its registration Regulations, 1982.
As
reported by State Governments, there are 2.29
lakh Homoeopathy doctors in the country.
F. NATIONAL INSTITUTES:
National Institutes in various AYUSH
systems have been set up by the Central
Government to set benchmarks for teaching,
research and clinical practices. Upgrading these
National institutes into Centres of Excellence has
been a constant endeavour of the Department.
There are three National Institute under
21
Short Term Training Course for Foreign Medical
Doctors and Professionals.
Various other
Colloration projects with some foreign countries
are also in the pipeline.
Institute for Post Graduate Teaching and
Research in Ayurveda (IPGT & RA) is
established by Govt. of India in 1956. It is one of
the constituent body of Gujarat Ayurveda
University and is the oldest PG teaching and
Reasearch Centre for Ayurveda.
(ii) Rashtriya Ayurveda Vidyapeeth (RAV), New
Delhi:
There are 10 teaching departments with
facilities of teaching in 12 specialties for Post
Graduate (MD / MS [PhD [Ayu.] levels. Institute
also conducts Mpharma (Ayu.) and MSc
(Medicinal Plants) courses under Self Finance
Course (SFC) Cell. Besides these; the institute
also conducting short term courses like Threee
Months Introductory Course in Ayurveda for
Foreigners; Four Months Training Programme in
Panchakarma etc. at regular intervals. The
Gujarat University has signed MoU with many
National and International Institutions and
IPGT&RA is the nodal implementing agency for
all these MoUs. The thrust areas of research for
Madhumeha
(Diabetes),
Tamaka
Swasa
(Bronchial Asthma), Sthaulya (Obesity), Jara
(Old age disorders & Pre mature ageing), Buddhi
Manday (Mental Retardation) Cerebral Palcy etc.
The Rashtriya Ayurveda Vidyapeeth,
New Delhi, an autonomous organization,
registered under Societies’ Act was established
in 1988 (website: www.ravdelhi.nic.in). The RAV
imparts practical training to Ayurvedic graduates
and post graduates through the Guru-Shishya
Parampara i.e. the traditional method of transfer
of knowledge.
The one-year course of Member of
Rashtriya
Ayurveda
Vidyapeeth
(MRAV)
facilitates literary research for the acquisition of
knowledge of the Ayurvedic Samhitas and
commentaries thereon in order to enable the
students to become good teachers, research
scholars and experts in Samhitas. The students,
who have completed post graduation in Ayurveda
and below 30 years of age, are admitted for
critical study on Samhita, related to their P.G.
studies.
The hospitals of the Institute with more
than 180 indoor capacity provide treatment to
indoor & outdoor patients. The institute is well
equipped laboratories like Pathology, BioChemistry,
Micro-Biology,
Pharmacology,
Pharmacognosy, Pharmaceutical Chemistry etc.
Facilities
for
investigations
like
X-Ray,
Sonography etc. are also available. Hospital
provides
specialized
treatments
like
Pasnchkarma, Kshara sutra and Kriya Kalpa for
the patients attending daily the OPD and IPDs. In
addition to these activities; Institute is providing
health care services through Four satellite OPDs
clinics at Old Age Home, Jamnagar Jail and
Sasoi Botanical Garden (25 Km away from
Jamnagar City).IPGT & RA is the first institute in
India, which provides weekly OPD health-care
facility to all the three defense services viz. IMS,
Valsura; Air Force Station, Jamnagar and Army
Centre, Jamnagar.
In the other one-year Certificate Course
of Rashtriya Ayurveda Vidyapeeth (CRAV),
candidates possessing Ayurvedacharya (BAMS)
or equivalent degree who are below the age of
27 years, are trained under eminent Vaidyas in
some Ayurvedic clinical and other practices.
The
Vidyapeeth
organizes
Seminars/Workshops every year to disseminate
traditional knowledge and research outcomes to
practitioners and researchers. The Vidyapeeth
also conducts Interactive Workshops for the
discussion of controversial issues between
students and teachers so as to provide clarity for
further utilization in the fields of education,
research and patient care.
The Vidyapeeth is also assisting the
Department of AYUSH in implementing Central
Sector Scheme of Continuing Medical Education
(CME) in AYUSH systems all over the country.
Implementation of RUDRA software in
the hospitals, Central library with huge collection
of
rare
manuscripts,
Digitization
of
manuscripts,Pub Med enlisted Quarterly Peer
Reviewed International Journal of Ayurveda –
‘AYU’, e-learning programme for sensitization of
modern
medical
professionals,
Pharmacovigilance Programme for Ayurveda,
Siddha and Unani Drugs are the few assets of
the Institute. Insitute is publishing many
(iii) Institute for Post Graduate Teaching and
Research in Ayurveda (IPGT&RA), Jamnagar
(GUJARAT):
22
monographs and project report on researches
conducted in the institute.
the patients free of cost and is based on
recommendation of respective physicians. No
registration fees are collected from SC/ST
patients and are offered 50% rebate on all
medical investigations. Populations living below
poverty line are also similarly treated.
(iv) National Institute of Unani Medicine (NIUM),
Bangalore:
National Institute of Unani Medicine,
Bangalore established in 1984 as an
autonomous organization under the Department
of AYUSH, Ministry of Health and Family
Welfare, Govt. of Inda and registered under the
Societies Registration Act, 1960. The academic
activities were started in 2004-05. Presently the
Institute is affiliated to Rajiv Gandhi University of
Health Science, Karnataka and follows the
curriculum prescribed by the Central Council of
Indian Medicine as approved by the RGUHS.
(v) National Institute of Siddha (NIS), Chennai:
National Institute of Siddha, Chennai
established in 2004, as an autonomous
organization, under the control of the Ministry of
Health and Family Welfare, is being developed
as a Centre of Excellence for the Siddha system
of Medicine (website: www.nischennai.org). The
Institute has been established by the
Government of India as a joint venture with the
Government of Tamil Nadu under the Societies
(Registration) Act, 1975.
In a short span of time the Institute has
emerged as a center of quality teaching and
research at Post Graduate level. This institute is
spread over 55 acre of land and has a 150 beded
Hospital, Academic Block, separate hostel
buildings for Boys and Girls Students,
Administrative Block and Library. A Well
equipped Central Instrumentation Lab has
recently been established for the purpose of
standardization of Drugs and other research
studies. Establishement of Herbal Garden
consisting of medicinal herbs, shrubs and trees is
under progress under a project of National
Medicinal Plant Board. A state of art animal
house has been constructed with all the facilities
for arrangement of animal care and breeding with
the aim to make the institute self dependent for
the supply of animals required for different
experimental studies.
The institute conducts Post-graduate
courses in Siddha in six specialized branches of
Siddha viz. 1) Maruthuvam, 2)Gunapadam,
3)Sirappu
Maruthvam,
4)Kuzhanthai
Maruthuvam 5)Noi Nadal, and 6)Nanju noolum
Maruthuva Neethinoolum with varying admission
capacity of 7-8 in each branch and altogether 46
including 1 from BIMSTEC countries.
Presently
46
students
(Siddha
graduates) get admitted every year in the first
year of the M.D. (Siddha) course in the aforementioned 6 branches through a separate
entrance examination conducted by NIS. The
sanctioned strength of faculty members is
Professor-6, Associate Professor-12, Assistant
Professor-10 and Lecturers-18. Separate Hostels
for men and women students and also for staffnurse are available within our campus. Solar
water heater, a man-made pond, sewage water
recycling plants, herbal house, animal house,
auditorium, library and a guest house are other
facilitates available in NIS. A 160-bedded
hospital- Ayothidoss Pandithar hospital- attached
to NIS provides 24-hour medical care to patients
and counducts researches to develop, promote
and propagate Siddha system. Outpatient
Department caters to the medical need of 11001700 patients daily. Number of patients treated in
OPD during 2011-12 were 4,34,8s05 patients, of
whom 52.6% and 47.4% were males and
females respectively. The bed occupancy of inpatients varies from 68% to 107% during different
months of the year. The bed occupancy during
2011-12 remains at 92%. Siddha dispensary,
laboratories of clinical Pathology, Microbiology,
Biochemistry and Pharmacology are functioning
The spacious library is having classical
and latest books, rare manuscripts & journals etc.
with the facility of reading room. The library is
equipped with internet facility for both staff and
the students. Digitalization of the library is under
progress.
The institute has its own web site as
http.www.nium.in. The whole administrative block
is being connected with the LAN (Local Area
Network).
The hospital has an OPD wing and 150
Bed IPD constructed in a wide, well ventilated
and in a serene atmosphere having separate
wards for male and female patients. It possesses
good infrastructure and skillful nursing staff
extending their services round the clock to the
suffering patients. The treatment of poor patients
in the OPD is free of cost. Diet is also provided to
23
in the hospital. X-ray and ECG units are also
functioning. Special Siddha therapies such as
Varmam,
Thokkanam,
Yogam,
Otradam,
Ennaikkattu etc. are available for the treatment of
neuromuscular, skeletal and joint disorders.
Weekly special OP clinics-Geriatric special OP
clinic and Yoga special OP clinic are conducted
for the benefit of the public. About 250 to 300
geriatric patients are attending weekly geriatric
OP. A weekly mobile Siddha clinic is conducted
in Old Perungalathur, the adopted village of NIS.



To act as a Centre of Excellence in
Yoga;
To develop, promote and propagate the
science and art of Yoga; and
To provide and promote facilities of
training, teaching and research to fulfill
the above two objectives.
The vision and mission of the Institute is Health,
Happiness and Harmony for all through Yoga.
The Institute provides the best of Teaching,
Education, Training, Therapy and Research
facilities to Yoga aspirants. The aim of the
Institute is to promote deeper understanding of
Yoga philosophy and practices based on
classical Yoga amongst the people.
NIS is affiliated to the Tamil Nadu Dr.
M.G.R. Medical University, Chennai. NIS has
also been recognized as a Center for Ph. D
studies by the same University. At present 6 full
time Ph.D scholars and 21 part-time Ph.D
scholars (our faculty members) are pursuing their
research studies under 6 professors who have
been recognized as guides by the T.N. Dr.
M.G.R. Medical University. The research projects
are reviewed and monitored by Institutional
Ethics Committee and Institutional Animal Ethics
Committee. NIS is publishing periodically
‘Journal of Siddha’ (Half yearly) and ‘NIS
Newsletter’ (Bimonthly). NIS is developing as a
centre of excellence and a referral institute for
everything in Siddha. By way of conducting
Continuing
Medical
Education
(CME)
programmes for Teachers and Doctors, NIS is
catering to the academic needs and professional
skills of the members of the teaching faculty as
well as doctors who are rendering health care
services to people.
The Institute provides the best of Teaching,
Education, Training Therapy and Research
facilities to Yoga aspirants.
Schemes
(vi) Morarji Desai National Institute of Yoga
(MDNIY), New Delhi

Diploma in Yoga Sciences of One Year
duration for Graduates is being
conducted.

Foundation Course in Yoga Science for
Medical
Professionals
are
being
conducted.

The Institute had launched a scheme to
run Swami Vivekananda District Yoga
Wellness Centre (SVDYWC) through
Public Private Partnership (PPP) mode in
2010-11.
The Institute conducts one year regular Diploma
in Yoga Sciences (DYSc.) for graduates and 3½
months Certificate in Yoga Science (CYSc.) for
target groups like Air Force, BSF etc. Besides,
the Institute also runs one month Foundation
Course in Yoga Science (FCYSc.) for general
public. It is also conducting several Yoga training
programmes for the general public, working
executives, women, children etc. in the Institute
and outside. Different Yoga therapy Programmes
are also being conducted in the Institute for
patients having different disorders.
Morarji Desai National Institute of Yoga
(MDNIY), New Delhi is an autonomous
organization under the Department of AYUSH.
The objectives of the Institute are to act as a
centre of excellence, develop, promote and
propagate the science of Yoga, to provide and
facilities training, teaching and research in Yoga.
It is housed in a state-of-the art complex with air
conditioned and ultra-modern building which
includes Auditorium, Conference Hall, Kriya
Block, Class Rooms, Lecture Halls etc. with
properly equipped teaching facilities. It provides
conducive environment for Yoga sadhana, Yoga
Therapy OPD, Pathology Labs, etc.
MDNIY is running an OPD attached with
Pathological & Biochemistry Lab, Sleep Lab and
an X-Ray unit. It has established four Yoga
therapy and Research Lab and X-ray Unit
programmes on different disorders. It has also
The objectives of the Institute are:
24
established four Yoga Therapy Centres at
AYUSH/Allopathy hospitals of Delhi.
Five
Advanced Centres for Yoga Therapy and
Research have been set up by the Institute in
leading Medical institute of the country like
NIMHANS, Bangalore; JIPMER, Puducherry;
DIPAS, Delhi; GAU, Jamnagar, Gujarat and
Govt. Medical College, Jammu. MDNIY is
running 20 Preventive Health care Units of Yoga
in CGHS Dispensaries of Delhi and NCR.
A Health Shop is being run on self
sustaining basis in the institute where natural
food, drinks and chemical-free products are
made available to the public. Also, books on
naturopathy, Yoga and other Health subjects and
various instruments used in the treatment of
Naturopathy are sold here. NIN is running a
Naturopathic Diet Centre, providing diet facilities
to the general public and patients who visit this
institute.
The Institute is also participating in National
and International events like Health exhibitions,
Health Melas, Festivals, Seminars, Conferences
etc. It is involved in propagation of Yoga through
print and electronic media. The Institute brings
out Quarterly Newsletter and a Quarterly Journal
“Yoga Vijnana” for disseminating the knowledge
of Yoga. It has brought out 10 diseases-wise
booklets for the benefit of the public and Yoga
manual for Medical professional/Students has
published. The TKDL (Yoga) project is housed at
MDNIY. The institute is also housed AYUSH
Planet Health Museum. The institute has been
conducting workshop for Children in Summer
Vacation, Workship on Yogic Management of
Stress and another workshop on Yogic
Management of Lifestyle related Disorders on
last Saturday of every month since December,
2010.
NIN is regularly conducting lecture
classes on various Health subjects on every
Saturdays. NIN conducts one full day workshop
on last Saturday of every month on any one
disease, its cause and remedies. NIN conducts
rd
an exclusive full day workshop on 3 Saturday of
the month in any one of the regional languages
of India.
The institute is conducting One-Year fulltime “Treatment Assistant Training Course”
(TATC) for male and female youth having passed
th
10 standard, age between 180 to 30 years. NIN
is giving internship training to 12s BNYS
internees regularly. NIN is conducting a mini
Gym where health seekers from general public
and patients are given service.
NIN conducts Continuous Medical
Education (CME/CPDP/ROTP) programme for
Naturopathy graduates and Doctors of other
systems of medicine periodically. NIN also
conducts periodic workshops on Research
Methodology for the Naturopathy doctors.
Annually NIN is conducting Re-orientation
programme for the practicing Naturopaths.
(vii) National Institute of Naturopathy
(NIN), Pune:
National Institute of Naturopathy, Pune
registered under the Societies Registration Act
was established in 1986 at Bapu Bhawan with an
objective of promotion and propogation of
Naturopathy in the country and to encourage
research in the field of Naturopathy treatments
for prevention and cure of diseases and
promotion
of
health
living
(website:
www.punenin.org ).
NIN participates in exhibitions all over
India to propagate and promote the science of
Naturopathy. NIN also organizes Natural Helath
Food Fair and Yog Naturopathy seminars with
demonstration of Yoga and exhibition of more
than 150 delicious dishes.
The NIN has an OPD clinic with free
consultation services where various Naturopathy
treatments are given to the patients at very
subsidized rates. About 300 patients avail these
treatment facilities daily. Free Acupressure
treatment is given to patients for six days in a
week. The institute also conducts 8 batches of
Yoga classes daily. The Institute publishes
"Nisargopachar varta" a bilingual magazine
(Hindi / English) every month. NIN has a Library
with lending and reading facilities with 9000
books and national and international journals.
A unique activity of NIN is the
sanatorium, for HIV+ve patients at Panchagani
where they are treated under Naturopathy and
Yoga life style modification treatment modalities.
As the patients undergone treatment here are
largely benefitted, the response is growing.
(viii) National Institute of Homoeopathy (NIH),
Kolkata:
25
The National Institute of Homoeopathy
was established in 1975 at Kolkata as a model
Institute in Homoeopathy. The institute is
affiliated to West Bengal University of Health
Sciences, Kolkata and conducts Under Graduate
and Post Graduate courses in Homoeopathy.
The main campus of the Institute is
housed in a plot measuring 16.5 acres of land
situated at Block-GE, Sector-III, Salt Lake,
Kolkata – 700106. The Academic building/
Administrative block, Hospital and UG hostels
are located in this block. There are two other
campuses; one measuring 9.5 acres of land for
Residential Quarters for the staff of the Institute
in JC-Block, Salt Lake and the other is the
Medicinal Plant Garden on 25 acres of land
situated at Kalyani, Dist. Nadia, West Bengal,
about 60 kms away from the main campus. The
hospital has got 100 beds with a spacious OPD
block, dispensing rooms, laboratory medicine
department and a research wing. The boys
hostel and girls hostel for the UG students are
housed in the academic complex and the PG
hostel, international hostel and staff quarters are
at JC block. The Library & information Services
division has more than 19, 845 documents
including rare homoeopathy treatises. There are
1042 bound journals, 61 periodicals which are
subscribed regularly.
2,68,388 whereas 799 patients were admitted in
IPD. 5076 patients were treated at the peripheral
OPD at Kalyani which is operated on a tri-weekly
basis. Investigations on Pathology – 6602,
Biochemistry-7239, ECG-764,X-ray-2940, USG1014, PFT-9 nos. of cases were done during the
period of 2011-12.
CPWD has completed
construction of PG Hostel in JC-Block, Salt Lake
campus of NIH and put into use.
The construction and installation of 15 –
persons lift in the Hospital block and 08 persons
lift in the Academic Blockwere also completed in
the year 2011-12 by NPCCL and put into use.
The construction of four storied hospital
extension building is in progress.
The
construction work of new Academic-cum-Library
building (04 storied in Phase-I) is completed by
NPCCL, a PSU under the Ministry of Water
Resources which has started the work on
3.11.2009 except lift installation, overhead tanks
etc.due to pending decision for the continuation
nd
nd
rd
nd
of 2 Phase (2 floor) and 3 phase (2 floor)
construction of eight storied Academic cum
Library building in one go. The matter has been
taken up with competent authority. During the
year 2011-12, renovation work like roof treatment
of NIH building, OPD renovation, construction of
OPD Shed etc. has been awarded to NPCCL
with the approval of competent authority.
The main objective of the Institute is
Excellence in Homeopathic education and
therefore conducts the UG and PG courses. The
admission capacity in UG course is 93 and in PG
course is 36 per year. Out of the 93 seats in UG,
14 seats are reserved for nominated candidates
of States/ Union Territories where there is no
Homoeopathic Medical College. Apart from these
the institute also provide 10 admissions to Sri
Lankan students nominated by Govt. of Sri
Lanka, 05 admissions to BIMSTEC (Bay of
Bengal initiative for Multi-Sectorial Technical and
Economic Cooperation) candidate nominated by
Indian council of Cultural Relation and 01
admission to foreign national. The remaining
seats are filled through All India entrance
examination conducted by the Institute. PG
specialization is available in six subjects and the
admissions are made through an All India
entrance examination conducted by the West
Bengal University of Health Sciences. 02 seats
are reserved for the BIMSTEC candidate in
MD(Homoeo.) course.
Library & Information Services:
This Division has more than 20000 documents
(macro & micro) including rare homoeopathy
treatises. There are 1042 bound journals, 61
periodicals are subscribed regularly and 43
periodicals have been received as gift.
It
provides various services i.e. Documentation,
Reference, Referral, CAS, SDI, Document
Delivery, Internet etc. to the in-house readers.
Book Bank service was established in 2003-04.
The Department of LIS also provides Information
support to the Interns, PG students and the
Homoeopathic fraternity as a whole.
Publication: The Institute publishes quarterly
“Bulletin
of
the
National
Institute
of
Homoeopathy” incorporating scientific articles.
G. STANDARDISATION OF ASU & H DRUGS:
Laying down the Pharmacopoeial
standards for Ayurveda, Siddha and Unani
medicine, both for single and compound drugs, is
essential, as Pharmacopoeial standards are
important and are mandatory for the
implementation of the drug testing provisions
The clinical research is being carried out
the Thyroid, Spondylitis, Allergic Rhinitis and
Cancer. Number of patients registered with Out
Patients Department during 2011-12 were
26
under the Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 1940 and
Rules there under. These standards are also
essential to check samples of drugs available in
the market for their safety and efficacy.
Government of India had taken up the task of
developing Pharmacopoeial standards through
Pharmacopoeia Committees.. Four different
Pharmacopoeia Committees are working for
preparing
official
formularies/
pharmacopoeias of Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani and
Homoeopathy drugs. These committees are
engaged in evolving uniform standards for
preparation of drugs of and in prescribing
working standards for single drugs as well as
compound formulations. Standards for around
40% of the raw materials and around 15% of
formulations have been published by these
Pharmacopoeial committees. In Ayurveda, 5
volumes of Pharmacopoeia and 3 volumes of
Formularies have been published.
Pharmacopoeial Laboratory for Indian Medicine
(PLIM) are as under:
 Pharmacopoeial standardization of single
drugs and compound formulations to be
incorporated in Ayurveda, Unani and
Siddha Pharmacopoeia.
 Validation of Pharmacopoeial standards,
done elsewhere, for updation of
standards.
 Analysis of survey, official and legal
samples received from Drug Control
Authorities.
 To act as Central Drugs laboratory for
Ayurveda, Unani and Sidda drugs under
the provisions of the Drugs & Cosmetics
Act, 1940.
 Collection of genuine crude drug
samples from different Agro-climatic
zones of the country for pharmacopoeial
stndardisation.
 Development maintenance of medicinal
plants Garden of pharmacopoeial drugs.
 Preservation of authentic specimen of
drugs and medicinal plants in museum
and herbarium for reference.
 Availability and repository of Botanical
and Phytochemical reference standards.
 R & D work on pharmacopoeial and
quality control thrust areas.
 Training
Programmes
for
Drugs
Inspectors/Drug Analysts and analystes
working in ASU pharmaceutical industry.
 Supporting structure of Pharmacopoeial
Commission for Indian Medicine.
Drug Control Cell (AYUSH) is working in
the Department to deal with the matters
pertaining to Drug Quality Control and the
regulation of Ayurveda, Siddha and Unani drugs
under the provisions of the Drugs and Cosmetics
Act, 1940 and Rules, 1945. The Cell is looking
after the activities of Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani
Drug Technical Advisory Board (ASUDTAB) and
Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani Drugs Consultative
Committee
(ASUDCC).
Besides,
Pharmacopoeial Laboratory for Indian Medicine
(PLIM) and Homoeopathic Pharmacopoeia
Laboratory (HPL) are Standard-setting-cumDrug-Testing-Laboratories at National level
functioning at Ghaziabad (Uttar Pradesh). A
public sector undertaking ‘Indian Medicines
Pharmaceutical Corporation Limited (IMPCL)’ is
engaged in manufacturing and marketing of
Ayurveda and Unani products.
(i) Pharmacopoeial Laboratory
Medicine (PLIM), Ghaziabad:
for
The PLIM has a Museum & Herbarium housing
750 herbarium specimens and more than 2000
exhibits of raw material used in the Ayurveda,
Unani and Siddha formulations. The laboratory
also imparts training to Drug Control Authorities
and Quality Control Personnel from Government
laboratories and private manufacturers. The
Department of AYUSH publishes the worked-out
standards in the form of monographs for the
Ayurveda, Unani and Siddha Pharmacopoeia of
India. The laboratory has worked out
pharmacopoeial standards of single plant drugs
which have been incorporated in various volumes
of Ayurveda, Unani and Siddha Pharmacopoeia.
The laboratory has also contributed for TLC Atlas
and Macroscopy and microscopy Atlas of
Ayurvedic pharmacopoeial drugs. So far eight
volumes of Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India
(Part I, Single drugs), six volumes of Unani
Pharmacopoeia India (Part I, Single drugs) and
two volumes of Siddha Pharmacopoeia of India
Indian
Pharmacopoeial Laboratory for Indian
Medicine (PLIM) is a subordinate office of the
Ministry of Health & Family Welfare (Department
of AYUSH), Govt. of India. It is located at Central
Govt. Enclave, Kamla Nehru Nagar, Ghaziabad201 002 (U.P.). The laboratory was established
in the year 1970 as a Pharmacopoeial
Standards Setting Cum Drugs Testing Laboratory
at National Level for Indian Medicines which
includes drugs of Ayurveda, Unani and Siddha
systems (Website: www.plimism.nic.in). the
laboratory is also notified as Central Drugs
Laboratory for drug testing and quality control.
The
main
objectives
of
establishing
27
(Part I, Single drugs) have been published and
are official for regulatory frame work.
been published covering 919 monographs on
th
homoeopathic drugs and publication of 10
volume of HPI is under progress covering 101
monographs on homoeopathic drugs. A small
herbarium and museum of medicinal plants and
an experimental garden of medicinal plants
including some rare and very important exotic
plants are being maintained for the purpose of
standards reference material so as to utilize for
verification and comparative studies of
standards. The Laboratory also maintains a seed
bank of important exotic homoeopathic medicinal
plants.
(ii) Homoeopathic Pharmacopoeia Laboratory
(HPL), Ghaziabad:
Homoeopathic
Pharmacopoeial
Laboratory was established in 1975, as a
National Laboratory for the purpose of laying
down standards and testing for identity, purity
and quality of Homoeopathic medicines (website
: www.hplism.org). The Laboratory also functions
as a Central Drug Laboratory for the testing of
Homoeopathic Medicines under Rule 3A for the
Drugs and Cosmetics Act. The Department of
Science and Technology has recognized HPL as
a Scientific and Technological Institution. The
main objectives of establishing Homoeopathic
Pharmacopoeia Laboratory are as under:
(iii) Indian Medicines Pharmaceutical Corporation
Limited (IMPCL), Mohan (Almora):
Indian
Medicines
Pharmaceutical
Corporation Limited (IMPLCL) is a Government
of India Enterprise under the administrative
control of the Department of AYUSH to
manufacture and market Ayurvedic and Unani
products (website:www.impclmohan.nic.in). The
Company, which is a ‘MINI RATNA’, ISO
9001:2008 accredited and GMP certified was
incorporated in 1978 and had started commercial
production in 1983. The primary objective of the
company is to manufacture and supply authentic
quality Ayurvedic and Unani products.

Laying down of standards for identity and
purity of Homoeopathic Drugs and finding
out indigenous substitutes for foreign
Drugs.
 Verification of Pharmacopoeial standards,
done
elsewhere,
for
adoption
or
improvement or updation of standards.
 Testing of samples of Homoeopathic
Drugs,
referred
by
Drug
Control
Authorities,
Port
Authorities,
State
Government etc., for identity and quality
under different provisions of Drugs and
cosmetics act and rules.
 Maintaining medicinal plants garden with
preference to plants used in Homoeopathy
alongwith cultivation and introduction of
medicinal plants.
 Survey and collection of samples of
Homoeopathic Drugs for verification of
quality and adulteration trends of drugs
marketed.

Survey and collection of Medicinal Plants.

Imparting orientation in methods of
standardization, identification and testing
of Homoeopathic Drugs and application of
various provision of Drugs Act to all India
State / Central Government Drug
Authorities,
Drug
inspectors,
Drug
Analysts, Pharmacists etc.
The formulations are tested in its
competent in-house QC Laboratory as also in
National Accredited laboratories before release.
The Uttarakhand based company is
rd
expanding its capacity under 3
Phase
modernization and aim with Eu GMP certification.
Beside supply of medicines to C.G.H.S.,
C.C.R.A.S., State Government, Autonomous
bodies etc., the Company is gearing up to enter
in the open market. Since 1986-87, the company
has maintained a profit earning trend and Net
Worth of the company is positive. Company
manufactures entire dosage forms of the
Ayurvedic and Unani medicines.
The major products of IMPCL are M-Liv
Syrup, M-Vasaco Syrup, M-Shankhapushpi
Syrup, M-Tribhuvan Mishran, Chavanaprasha,
Brahmrasayana, Vasavaleha, Ashokarishta,
Ashwagandhadyarishta,
Dashmularishta,
Drakshasava,
Lohasava,
Punarnavasava,
Khadiradi Gutika (Mukhroga), Chitrakadi Gutika,
Lashunadi Vati, Avipattikar, Choorna, Bhaskar
Lavan
Choorna,
Dadimashtak
Choorna,
Hingwashtak Choorna, Mahanarayan Taila,
Panchguna Taila, Yograj Guggulu, Araq-e-Ajeeb,
Standards worked out by the HPL
laboratory are published in the Homoeopathic
Pharmacopoeia of India (HPI). So far 9 Volumes
of Homoeopathic Pharmacopeia of India have
28
Jawarish Jalinoos, Sharbat-e-Zufamurakkab,
Sharbat-e-Buzorrimotadil etc.

H. MAINSTREAMING OF AYUSH IN THE
HEALTH CARE SYSTEM UNDER NATIONAL
RURAL HEALTH MISSION (NRHM):
The National Policy on Indian Systems of
Medicine and Homoeopathy, 2002 envisaged
integration of AYUSH Systems into the health
care delivery system and the national health
programmes ensuring optimal use of the
infrastructure of hospitals, dispensaries and
physicians. Mainstreaming of AYUSH is one of
the strategies envisaged under National Rural
Health Mission (NRHM) with the objective of
providing accessible, affordable and accountable
quality health services to the poorest household
in the remotest rural regions.
The Department of AYUSH has been
providing substantial financial assistance to the
states for opening of AYUSH wings in District
Hospitals (DH)/Community Health Centres
(CHCs)and Primary Health Centres(PHCs).The
Department is also providing financial assistance
to the state for upgrading existing exclusive
AYUSH hospitals and dispensaries and setting
up of Programme Management Unit (PMU) at
state level.
The
Department
of
AYUSH
has
implemented a new component during 2011-12
in the existing scheme of Centrally Sponsored
Scheme of Development of AYUSH hospitals &
dispensaries for providing financial assistance for
setting up of 50 bedded integrated AYUSH
hospitals in Tripura,Mizoram,Manipur,Himachal
Pradesh,Jammu Kashmir & Uttarakhand and 10
bedded integrated AYUSH hospitals in Assam,
Meghalaya, Nagaland, Sikkim & Arunachal
Pradesh.
Within the communities in India this have
been an age old tradition with wide acceptance of
AYUSH System of medicine which can play an
important role in the prevention and mitigation of
diseases .The potential of these systems have
not been fully realized in public health care.
There is a need for service integration by
providing the best and unique from each system
to patients as a complementary therapy and an
alternative choice of treatment. There is an
important role for the AYUSH practitioners in the
delivery of health services.
Under NRHM, AYUSH Doctors and facilities
are being co-located in PHCs, CHCs and District
Hospitals. Total functional integration between
the AYUSH dispensaries/hospitals and the health
care facilities under the allopathic system is also
envisaged so that the entire spectrum of
treatments is made available to the public. The
mainstreaming of AYUSH under NRHM is mainly
based on the following aspects:


with
different
national
health
programmes.
Utilization of services of AYUSH doctors
after appropriate training and orientation
towards providing advocacy, counseling
and dissemination upto village.
AYUSH systems of medicine are well
accepted by community, particularly in
rural areas. These medicines are
economical,
comparatively
safe,
efficacious and easily available and can
be prepared from locally available
resources.
Integration of AYUSH systems including
infrastructure, man-power and medicine
to strengthen the public health care
delivery system at all levels and promote
AYUSH medicines at grass root level
29
30

Similar documents

×

Report this document