A Great Public University Self Study for Reaccreditation The Higher Learning Commission

Document technical information

Format pdf
Size 6.6 MB
First found Jun 9, 2017

Document content analysis

Language
English
Type
not defined
Concepts
no text concepts found

Persons

Organizations

Places

Transcript

For Wisconsin and the World
A Great Public University
Self Study for Reaccreditation
prepared for
The Higher Learning Commission
A Commission of the
North Central Association
of Colleges and Schools
February 2009
www.greatu.wisc.edu
For Wisconsin and the World
A Great Public University
Self Study for Reaccreditation
prepared for
The Higher Learning Commission
A Commission of the
North Central Association
of Colleges and Schools
February 2009
Prepared by
Nancy E. Mathews, Director and Professor of Environmental Studies,
Gaylord Nelson Institute for Environmental Studies;
Eden Inoway-Ronnie, Deputy Director and Executive Assistant to the Provost;
Jocelyn L. Milner, Associate Provost and Director, Academic Planning and Analysis;
Mathilde Andrejko, Assistant to the Director
And
Theme Team Chairs: Theresa C. Balser, Michael Bernard-Donals,
Marianne N. Bloch, John H. Booske, Paul N. Evans, Jonathan A. Foley, Patricia J. Kiley,
Robert d. Mathieu, Sarah K. A. Pfatteicher, William J. Reese, Louise S. R
Jeremi A. Suri and Their Teams
To view an online version of this publication,
visit www.greatu.wisc.edu.
The University of Wisconsin–Madison is committed to providing equal opportunity and equal access and
to complying with all applicable federal and state laws and regulations and University of Wisconsin System
and university nondiscrimination policies and procedures. Information, including how to file a complaint
alleging discrimination, can be found at the Office for Equity and Diversity (OED) Web site: www.oed.wisc.
edu. OED is located in 179-A Bascom Hall, 500 Lincoln Drive, Madison, WI 53706; 608-263-2378; Wisconsin
Telecommunications Relay Service: 7-1-1; FAX 608-263-5562.
The following are the nondiscrimination bases for covering students and applicants for admission to the university; university employees and applicants for employment at the university; and those wishing to take part
in university programs and activities, including visitors to campus.
Students: age; ancestry; color; creed; disability; ethnicity (specifically involving harassment by UW employees);
marital or parental status; national origin; pregnancy; race; religion; retaliation for opposing discrimination,
making a complaint of discrimination or taking part in an investigation relating to discrimination; sex; sexual
orientation. A student who wishes to file a discrimination complaint against a fellow student who is acting in
his or her role as a student should contact the Offices of the Dean of Students (ODOS) in Room 75, Bacom
Hall, 500 Lincoln Drive; Madison, WI 53706; VOICE 608-263-5700; TTY 608-263-2400; e-mail: [email protected]
wisc.edu. For more information about the ODOS complaint process visit www.wisc.edu/students/advocacy/
bias.htm#complaint. A student who wishes to file a discrimination complaint against another student who
is acting in his or her role as an employee of the university (e.g., a graduate or teaching assistant, a resident
assistant, or a student hourly employee) should contact OED.
Employment: age; ancestry; arrest record; color; conviction record; creed; cultural background; disability;
ethnicity (specifically involving harassment by university employees); gender identity; gender expression;
marital status; genetic testing; honesty testing; military obligations; national origin; pregnancy; race; religion;
retaliation for opposing discrimination, making a complaint of discrimination or taking part in an investigation
relating to discrimination; sex; sexual orientation; use or nonuse of lawful products off the employer’s premises
during nonworking hours.
University programs or activities (including visitors to campus): Age; color; disability; national origin; race;
retaliation for opposing discrimination, making a complaint of discrimination, or taking part in investigations
of discrimination; sex.
Additional campus resources: Address questions concerning sex discrimination to the Title IX Coordinator:
Assistant Vice Provost, Director of the Office for Equity and Diversity, 179-A Bascom Hall, 500 Lincoln Drive,
Madison, WI 53706; VOICE 608-263-2378; Wisconsin Telecommunications Relay Service: 7-1-1; FAX 608-2635562. Questions concerning disability can be addressed to the Americans with Disabilities Act Coordinator:
Director, Office of Administrative Legal Services, 500 Lincoln Drive, Room 361 Bascom Hall, Madison, WI
53706, VOICE 608-263-7400; FAX 608-263-4725.
McBurney Disability Resource Center: Students seeking academic adjustments or auxiliary aides in order
to participate in the university’s programs or activities should contact the McBurney Center at: 1305 Linden
Drive, Madison, WI 53706; VOICE 608-263-2741; TTY 608-263-6393; FAX 608-265-2998; www.mcburney.
wisc.edu. Other resources for disability issues on campus can be found at www.wisc.edu/adac/uw.html.
© 2009 by The Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System
Table of Contents
Letter from Chancellor������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������v
Acknowledgments�������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������vi
Overview of the University of Wisconsin–Madison����������������������������������������������������������������������� 1
Part I: Meeting the Criteria
Criteria One. Mission and integrity: the organization operates with integrity
to ensure the fulfillment of its mission through structures and processes that
involve the board, administration, faculty, staff, and students.��������������������������������������������� 15
1 a. The organization’s mission documents are clear and articulate publicly the
organization’s commitments������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 15
1 b. In its mission documents, the organization recognizes the diversity of its learners,
other constituencies, and the greater society it serves����������������������������������������������������������������� 15
1 c. Understanding of and support for the mission pervade the organization������������������������������������� 20
1 d. The organization’s governance and administrative structures promote effective leadership
and support collaborative processes that enable the organization to fulfill its mission����������������� 22
1 e. The organization upholds and protects its integrity. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Summary of Evidence. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Future Challenges and Areas for Improvement. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Criteria Two. Preparing for the future: The organization’s allocation of resources
and its processes for evaluation and planning demonstrate its capacity to fulfill
its mission, improve the quality of its education, and respond to future challenges
and opportunities.����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 31
he organization realistically prepares for a future shaped by multiple societal
2 a. T
and economic trends.����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 31
2 b. The organization’s resource base supports its educational programs and its plans
for maintaining and strengthening their quality in the future.����������������������������������������������������� 40
he organization’s ongoing evaluation and assessment processes provide reliable evidence
2 c. T
of institutional effectiveness that clearly informs strategies for continuous improvement������������� 46
2 d. All levels of planning align with the organization’s mission, thereby enhancing
its capacity to fulfill that mission.������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 47
Summary of Evidence. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
Future Challenges and Areas for Improvement. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
Criteria Three. Student learning and effective teaching: The organization provides
evidence of student learning and teaching effectiveness that demonstrates it is
fulfilling its educational mission.��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 53
3 a. T
he organization’s goals for student learning outcomes are clearly stated for
each educational program and make effective assessment possible.������������������������������������������� 53
3 b. The organization values and supports effective teaching.����������������������������������������������������������� 61
3 c. The organization creates effective learning environments.����������������������������������������������������������� 62
3 d. The organization’s learning resources support student learning and effective teaching. ������������� 68
Summary of Evidence. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
Future Challenges and Areas for Improvement. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
iii
Criteria Four. Acquisition, discovery and application of knowledge: The organization
promotes a life of learning for its faculty, administration, staff, and students by
fostering and supporting inquiry, creativity, practice, and social responsibility in
ways consistent with its mission.������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 75
4 a. The organization demonstrates, through the actions of its board, administrators, students, faculty,
and staff that it values a life of learning.������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 75
4 b. The organization demonstrates that acquisition of a breadth of knowledge and
skills and the exercise of intellectual inquiry are integral to its education programs.����������������������������������������� 81
4 c. The organization assesses the usefulness of its curricula to students who will
live and work in a global, diverse, and technological society.����������������������������������������������������������������������������� 87
4 d. The organization provides support to ensure that faculty, students, and staff
acquire, discover, and apply knowledge responsibly.����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 91
Summary of Evidence. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92.
Future Challenges and Areas for Improvement. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
Criteria Five. Evice: as called for by its mission, the organization
identifies its constituencies and serves them in ways both value.����������������������������������������������������������������� 95
5 a. The organization learns from the constituencies it serves and analyzes its
capacity to serve their needs and expectations.������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 96
5 b. The organization has the capacity and the commitment to engage with
its identified constituencies and communities. ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 100
5 c. The organization demonstrates its responsiveness to those constituencies
that depend on it for service.��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 104
5 d. Internal and external constituencies value the services the organization provides. ����������������������������������������� 109
Summary of Evidence. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113
Future Challenges and Areas for Improvement. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114
Federal Compliance����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 117
Request for Continued Accreditation ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 122
Part II: Special Emphasis Study
What will it mean to be a great public university in a changing world?
Introduction and Special Emphasis Study Process ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 125
Institutional integrity: Being a responsible and sustainable public institution��������������������������������������� 131
Building a welcoming, respectful, and empowered UW–Madison community����������������������������������������� 149
Preparing global citizens and leaders of the future��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 179
Integrating the processes of discovery and learning������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 207
Creating an impact and shaping the global agenda ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 239
Rethinking the public research university ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 265
Summary����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 295
Index ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 305
Appendices (online only)
iv
A MESSAGE FROM THE CHANCELLOR
Every ten years, the University of Wisconsin–Madison is offered an extraordinary
opportunity through the accreditation requirements established by The Higher
Learning Commission. We are given the opportunity to choose an area of special
emphasis as we prepare our self-study for reaccreditation. Some twenty years ago,
we established a productive cycle of focusing our special-emphasis study on strategic planning and how best to prepare for our future in a rapidly changing world.
Once again we welcome the reaccreditation process as an opportune time to
revisit our core mission and reflect on our strengths and challenges. This particular
self-study has been marked by exceptional inclusiveness and transparency. We have
engaged thousands of voices and points of view during the process. In all of our
conversations, it has become crystal clear that we share a vision of this great university. That vision requires that we work to enhance quality and preserve our traditional strengths during exceptionally challenging economic times, and that we also
remain committed to our public purposes. Our many conversations during recent
months have strengthened our approaches to the economic adversity we all face. This community is
not content merely to survive these challenges. We call upon our enormous energy and imagination to
move the university forward and make ourselves the model public university of the twenty-first century.
When we use the term “public,” we are referring, of course, to the citizens of the state and our active
engagement with them, in the venerable tradition of the Wisconsin Idea. But our most immediate public
is our student body, and we are committed to providing students the best education available at a major
public research university, preparing them to be global citizens and leaders, to love learning, and to lead
satisfying and responsible lives. Our public extends beyond the state of Wisconsin, and we recognize
the need for a renewed focus on our global reach, on demonstrating respect both for our fellow human
beings and for our planet. Although technology can minimize the effects of time and distance, we will
continue to prepare our students to understand and navigate different cultures and make powerful
human-to-human connections.
During this time in our history, higher education faces unprecedented challenges, from making tuition
affordable—despite rising costs and scarce resources—to competing for stellar faculty and staff. Our challenges do not end there. As our faculty, staff, and students actively address the world’s most complex issues,
we are trying to provide an infrastructure that will allow them to do so. In this admittedly challenging environment, we see not only challenges, but opportunities—a chance to work differently, to take risks, and to
stretch the boundaries of traditional approaches. It takes sharp minds and creative energy to take the steps
we will need to take, and our renowned public research university has plenty of both.
Our success, going forward, requires that we take a long view. The changes we need to make will not
happen overnight or even within the next year. But with clearly stated goals and defined paths to reach
them, we can turn problems into opportunities. What better challenge for a university?
As you read this self-study report, you will note the major themes that will guide us as we work to
remain a preeminent research university that offers a first-rate education, a land-grant university that
willingly reaches out to exchange and share knowledge and ideas with communities beyond the university. We have focused in this report on our institutional structure, on fully integrating our diverse people
and cultures, expanding our connections around the world, making intellectual work serve as public
work, and keeping our covenant with the public.
I invite you to learn about the work done by the reaccreditation teams and join us in the work going
forward. I am confident that an open and thoughtful exchange of ideas—in the spirit of “sifting and
winnowing” that has guided our university so successfully in the past—will lead to solutions that are
unique to our university and that remain true to our history, culture, and values. As we have conducted
this self-study, we have looked to the past to learn both from our successes and from our mistakes. Now we
turn to the task at hand, which is to create our own future.
— Chancellor Carolyn “Biddy” Martin
v
Acknowledgments
The 2009 reaccreditation self study was conducted by the Office of the Provost, guided
by former Provost Patrick V. Farrell and Interim Provost Julie K. Underwood, and led by
Nancy E. Mathews, project director and professor of environmental studies, Gaylord
Nelson Institute for Environmental Studies; Eden T. Inoway-Ronnie, deputy project
director and special assistant to the provost; Jocelyn L. Milner, director of Academic
Planning and Analysis and associate provost; and Mathilde Andrejko, assistant to the
director of the project. The members of this core team wish to acknowledge and thank
numerous individuals for their significant contributions to the development and completion of the entire self study process and report.
Process Team: Maureen J. Cotter, director of the Office of Quality Improvement (OQI);
Donald A. Schutt, Jr., director of the Office of Human Resource Development (OHRD);
and Darin J. Harris, senior facilitator for OQI, were primarily responsible for the design
and execution of the campuswide engagements. The following individuals also contributed in various capacities: P.J. Barnes, office manager for OQI; Katherine Cramer Walsh,
associate professor of political science; Jane Dymond, logistics coordinator for OHRD;
Lewis A. Friedland, professor of journalism and mass communication; Elaine M. Klein,
assistant dean in the College of Letters and Sciences, Cherie L. Krenke, former assistant
to the provost; Cynthia L. Paine, assistant to the provost; Kathleen E. Paris, consultant
emerita, Office of Quality Improvement; Nancy Thayer-Hart, senior consultant for OQI;
Sheila M. Voss, administrative assistant; Frances R. Westley, former director of the Nelson
Institute; and Ann E. Zanzig, senior consultant for OQI. The “Themeseekr” application
software was developed by Erik A. Andrejko, doctoral candidate in mathematics.
Theme Teams: Twelve theme team chairs led the six special-emphasis study teams
during the academic year 2007–08: Teresa C. Balser, associate professor of soil science;
Michael Bernard-Donals, professor of English; Marianne N. Bloch, professor of curriculum and instruction; John H. Booske, professor of electrical and computer engineering; Paul N. Evans, director of University Housing; Jonathan A. Foley, professor of
environmental studies; Patricia J. Kiley, professor of biomolecular chemistry; Robert D.
Mathieu, professor of astronomy; Sarah K. A. Pfatteicher, assistant dean in the College
of Agricultural and Life Sciences; William J. Reese, professor of educational policy studies
and history; Louise S. Robbins, professor of library and information studies; and Jeremi A.
Suri, professor of history. More than 200 students, staff, faculty, alumni, and community
members contributed countless hours of their time serving on the six theme teams and
contributing to the preparation of the team reports.
Steering Committee: We thank the reaccreditation steering committee for input and
advice at critical times during the project—Teresa C. Balser, associate professor of soil
science; Michael Bernard-Donals, professor of English; John H. Booske, professor of
electrical and computer engineering; Phillip Caldwell II, graduate student in curriculum
and instruction; Jo Ann Carr, director of the Instructional Media Development Center;
Catherine A. Easter, bursar; Robert Drechsel, professor of journalism and mass communication; Bernard C. Easterday, dean emeritus of veterinary medicine; Susan E. Fischer,
director of student financial aid; Jonathan A. Foley, professor of environmental studies;
Martha E. Gaines, clinical professor and director of the Center for Patient Partnerships;
Morton A. Gernsbacher, professor of psychology; Camille Guérin-Gonzales, professor
of history and [email protected] and [email protected] studies; Robert B. Howell, professor of German;
Jerlando F. L. Jackson, associate professor of higher and postsecondary education;
Sarah E. Kuba, graduate student in educational leadership and policy analysis; Roger
G. Maclean, associate dean of the School of Business; Seth B. Magle, postdoctoral candidate in the Nelson Institute; B. Venkat Mani, associate professor of German; Robert
D. Mathieu, professor of astronomy; Catherine H. Middlecamp, distinguished faculty
associate in chemistry; Jeanine K. Mount, associate dean and associate professor in the
School of Pharmacy; Nadine M. Nehls, associate dean of the School of Nursing; Robert
O. Ray, associate dean and professor in the College of Agricultural and Life Sciences;
Nancy L. Ruggeri, graduate student in curriculum and instruction; Edgar P. Spalding,
vi
professor of botany; Dorothy E. Steele, director of business and staff services, Facilities,
Planning and Management; and Coreen C. Williams, department administrator for the
Institute for Research on Poverty.
We also thank individuals associated with the 1999 reaccreditation effort and other
campus partners who generously shared insights and supported the execution of the
2009 effort: Darrell Bazzell, vice chancellor for administration; Paula Bonner, president
and CEO of the Wisconsin Alumni Association; Joe Corry, associate vice chancellor emeritus; Jim Escalante, professor of art and ethnic studies; Kenneth L. Frazier, director of
the General Library System; Carl Gulbrandson, managing director, Wisconsin Alumni
Research Foundation; Jo Handelsman, professor of bacteriology; Elaine Klein; Christine
Maidl Pribbenow, assistant scientist for the Wisconsin Center for Educational Research;
Casey A. Nagy, chief of staff, Office of the Chancellor; Joseph J. Wiesenfarth, professor
emeritus of English; and Sandy Wilcox, president of the UW Foundation.
Criteria Chapter Development: Many campus colleagues made invaluable contributions to the crafting and drafting of the overview and criteria chapters (in alphabetical
order):
Teresa E. Adams, senior program specialist, Facilities, Planning and Management; Mathilde
Andrejko, assistant to the director of the reaccreditation project; Darrell L. Bazzell, vice
chancellor for administration; Bruce D. Beck, senior analyst in Academic Planning and
Analysis; Joanne E. Berg, vice provost for enrollment management and registrar; Lori M.
Berquam, dean of students; Aaron M. Brower, vice provost for teaching and learning,
professor of social work; Martin T. Cadwallader, vice chancellor for research and dean of
the Graduate School; John A. Coakley, project assistant, Wisconsin Idea Project; Joseph
J. Corry, associate vice chancellor emeritus; Katherine Cramer Walsh, associate professor
of political science; Dawn Bryant Crim, special assistant to the chancellor; Jacqueline
A. DeWalt, director of the PEOPLE program; Robin A. Douthitt, dean of the School
of Human Ecology; Bernice Durand, professor emeritus and former vice provost for
diversity and climate; Katherine M. Duren, assistant dean of the Division of Continuing
Studies; Paul N. Evans, director of University Housing; Patrick V. Farrell, provost and
vice chancellor for academic affairs; Kenneth L. Frazier, director of the General Library
System; Susan E. Fischer, director of student financial aid; Paula A. Gates, assistant to the
vice provost for diversity and climate; Alice P. Gustafson, director of the Administrative
Process Redesign; Margaret N. Harrigan, senior analyst in Academic Planning and
Analysis; Ann A. Hoyt, chair of the University Committee and professor of consumer
science; Clare L. Huhn, analyst in Academic Planning and Analysis; Lorna M. Kay, special
assistant to the chancellor; Janet M. Klawitter, public affairs manager, Wisconsin State
Laboratory of Hygiene; Judith Kornblatt, senior associate dean in the Graduate School
and professor of Slavic languages and literature; Ron D. Kraemer, chief information
officer and vice chancellor for information technology; Sarah E. McDaniel, coordinator
of the Library and Information Literacy Instruction Program; Laurie J. Mayberry, assistant
vice provost; William S. Mellon, associate dean in the Graduate School and professor of
pharmaceutical sciences; David E. Musolf, secretary of the faculty; Casey A. Nagy; Don
W. Nelson, assistant director for state relations; Maureen A. Noonan Bischof, assistant
vice provost; Timothy D. Norris, director of the budget office; Phil R. O’Leary, professor
and chair of engineering professional development; Ruby R. Paredes, assistant vice
provost for diversity and climate; Paul S. Peercy, dean of the College of Engineering; Luis
A. Piñero, director of the Office for Equity and Diversity and assistant vice provost; Noel
T. Radomski, director and associate researcher of WISCAPE; William J. Richner, assistant
vice chancellor for administration; David A. Riley, professor of human ecology; Meredith
J. Ross, clinical professor of law; M. Therese Ruzicka, executive assistant to the vice
provost for enrollment management; Donald A. Schutt, Jr., director of human resource
development; Marsha Mailick Seltzer, interim director of the Wisconsin Institute for
Discovery, and professor and director of the Waisman Center; Jennifer Thurik Sheridan,
research director of WISELI; Gregory L. Smith, assistant dean in the College of Letters
and Science; Peyton L. Smith, assistant vice provost for extended programs; Dorothy
E. Steele, director of business and staff services, Facilities, Planning and Management;
James Burr Steinbach, director of television at Wisconsin Public Television; Steve J. Stern,
vii
professor of history and vice provost for faculty and staff; J. Lindsey Stoddard Cameron,
coordinator of New Faculty Services; Michael C. Thornton, professor of Afro-American
studies and director of the Morgridge Center for Public Service; Amy E. Toburen, director
of University Communications; Edward V. Van Gemert, deputy director of the General
Library System; Marvin J. Van Kekerix, interim dean of the Division of Continuing Studies
and vice provost for lifelong learning; Jolanda Vanderwal Taylor, professor of German;
Argyle Wade, associate dean for the dean of students; James Randal Wallar, associate
director of the Morgridge Center for Public Service; Nancy Westphal-Johnson, associate dean in Letters and Science; Anne E. Whisner, civic engagement coordinator for
the Schools of Hope Project and the Morgridge Center for Public Service; Damon A.
Williams, vice provost for diversity and climate; Heidi E. Zoerb, academic planner in the
College of Agricultural and Life Sciences.
We thank the following individuals for their expertise, editorial and public relations
support: Michael Bernard-Donals, Cynthia K. Foss, assistant director of University
Communications; Brian S. Mattmiller, assistant director of University Communications;
Kathleen Paris; Sarah Pfatteicher; Eve Scheffenacker, principal consultant, ByWord; and
Amy Toburen. We also thank the following staff members from the Office of University
Communications who participated in the editing, design, and production of this publication: Toni Good, Kent Hamele, Linda Kietzer, Barbara Nice, and Nancy Rinehart.
Unless otherwise noted, images are provided by Jeff Miller and Bryce Richter, Office of
University Communications.
We are indebted to the more than 6,200 respondents who contributed to the campuswide e-mail surveys and countless other faculty, staff and students who participated
in listening sessions and academic planning council meetings. We are also grateful to
the deans of the schools and colleges, provost’s executive staff, and vice chancellor for
administration and his directors for their participation in the engagement sessions that
provided the foundation for the special emphasis study.
Finally, we acknowledge our tremendous debt to the anonymous authors of numerous
campus Web pages referenced in this document whose text was used as a basis for
many sections of this report.
viii
OVERVIEW OF UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN–Madison
1
OVERVIEW OF UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN–Madison
“The state needs the expertise and
intellectual property that our faculty,
staff and students can generate and
can make available through commercialization. The public also needs
the work of social scientists, artists,
and humanists, whose purpose it
is to help us understand how we
create meaning, how societies and
economies and governance works,
so we can make informed choices
about what matters, develop our own
capacities, and help build our own
communities.”
A. Institutional Context
The University of Wisconsin–Madison (UW–Madison) was founded in 1848 as one of the
first acts of the legislature of the newly formed state of Wisconsin. It was named a landgrant university under the Morrill Act of 1862, making it eligible to receive federal land
to establish an educational institution.
Today UW–Madison is among the largest and most comprehensive universities in the
United States. The campus is situated on 935 acres near downtown Madison, the state
capital, and within a city of nearly 225,000—and a region of a half million—people in
south-central Wisconsin. UW–Madison is the largest of 15 distinct institutions in the
public University of Wisconsin System, which is comprised of two doctoral universities;
11 universities that grant bachelor’s and master’s degrees; 13 two-year UW Colleges,
located throughout Wisconsin; and UW–Extension.
An 18-member Board of Regents oversees all institutions within the UW System. The
governor of Wisconsin appoints regents to seven-year terms and two student regents to
two-year terms. The board appoints the president of the UW System and the chancellors
of each UW System institution. The board also is responsible for oversight of academic
programs, budgets, general administration, and employment of faculty and staff, in
­partnership with UW System Administration.
UW–Madison works with the other UW institutions to advance the mission, vision, and
goals of the University of Wisconsin System. For example, it works closely with the UW
Colleges when students wish to transfer to a four-year institution. The university also
works in partnership with UW–Extension and extension agents in Wisconsin’s 72 counties through the Division of Continuing Studies and Cooperative Extension. Higher
education in Wisconsin also includes an extensive Wisconsin Technical College System.
While a number of private colleges and universities serve Wisconsin students and their
communities, the public sector dominates higher education in the state.
UW–Madison is comprised of 13 schools and colleges that include 120 academic departments, 260 interdisciplinary centers, and approximately 440 academic degree/major
programs. Current enrollment includes 42,000 students (table 1; 29,000 undergraduates; 8,800 graduate students; 2,600 professional students; 1,600 for-credit, nondegree
“special” students). In addition, the university serves an estimated 160,000 noncredit
contacts annually. The university has more than 370,000 living alumni.
Chancellor Carolyn “Biddy” Martin,
October 23, 2008
2
OVERVIEW OF UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN–Madison
Employees include 2,200 tenured or tenure-track faculty; 7,200 academic staff (instructional, research, and administrative); and 5,200 classified staff, of whom approximately
4,300 are represented by labor unions (table 2). In addition, the university employs
more than 5,000 graduate students, and 8,840 undergraduates as hourly employees.
UW–Madison’s research mission, along with the deeply ingrained traditions of the Wisconsin
Idea and academic freedom, form the institution’s broad public mission. Together they
form an institutional culture and guide decision-making and action (see Criterion 1).
UW–Madison is the only Wisconsin university to hold an RU/VH (research university/
very high research) classification from The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement
of Teaching. The university’s scope of academic programs and outreach within the state
is unmatched, and it has forged strong connections both with peer universities in the
United States and internationally. The university, through campus leaders, is active in the
Association of American Universities (AAU), the American Council on Education (ACE),
the National Association of State Universities and Land-Grant Colleges (NASULGC), the
Committee on Institutional Cooperation (CIC), the Worldwide Universities Network
(WUN), and other national and international organizations (see Criterion 2).
The university’s annual expenditures of $2.2 billion dollars include $706 million in research
expenditures (2006–07). From 1998–99 to 2007–08, the operating budget grew from
$1.3 billion to $2.3 billion, an increase of 77 percent (tables 3–4). For 2007–08, state
funding and tuition accounted for $800 million of the total budget (see Criterion 2).
In addition to the academic units, the Division of Intercollegiate Athletics2 is an important unit, dedicated to the mission of providing athletic opportunities to a wide range
of students and creating an environment in which all student-athletes can achieve their
academic and competitive goals. The division includes 23 NCAA Division I teams. There
were 1,900,000 attendees at Badger sporting events in 2007–08, and the 2007–08
season marked the sixth consecutive year that UW Athletics had a positive net financial
OVERVIEW OF UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN–Madison
margin. Two hundred and fifty-two student athletes were named to the dean’s honor
list in 2007–08, which is more than 20 percent of all athletes. More information about
the division can be found in Criterion 1e under administrative accountability.
Table 1. Ten-Year Comparison of Selected Measures: Students
1998
2007
40,109
42,041
27,808
5,850
6,469
7,026
8,463
8,524
2,069
28,999
5,571
6,078
7,803
9,547
8,860
2,563
1,708
1,619
19,286
20,823
19,942
22,099
Minority Students
African American
Asian American
Hispanic
American Indian
859
1,655
1,000
234
1,195
2,287
1,342
287
Degrees Awarded
Bachelor’s
Master’s
Ph.D.
Professional
5,479
1,872
760
519
6,040
1,844
773
711
Total Enrollment (Head Count)
Enrollment by Level
Undergraduate
Freshman
Sophomore
Junior
Senior
Graduate
Professional:
Law, Medicine, Veterinary Medicine, Doctor of Audiology,*
Doctor of Pharmacy, Doctor of Physical Therapy,*
Master of Public Health*
Special (for-credit, non-degree)
Gender
Men
Women
*New since 1999. Source: 2007–08 Data Digest
Table 2. Ten-Year Comparison of Selected Measures: Faculty and Staff
Total Head Count
Faculty
Executive/Director/Administrator
Instructional Academic Staff
Other Academic Staff
Classified Staff
Employees-in-Training (postdocs)
Graduate Assistants (research, teaching, project)
Source: 2007–08 Data Digest
1998
2007
17,820
2,135
358
1,773
3,772
4,876
721
4,185
20,525
2,198
383
2,048
4,778
5,228
807
5,083
3
4
OVERVIEW OF UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN–Madison
overview
Table 3. Ten-Year Comparison of Selected Measures: Financial Indicators
1998
2007
Total Operational Budget (millions) (1998–99 & 2007–08) $1,252.0
% supported by state taxes
26.9
% supported by tuition
13.8
% supported by federal support, gifts, and grants
42.4
$2,283.3
20.6
14.6
47.7
Total Extramural Awards (millions) (1997–98 & 2006–07)
% for research programs
% from federal sources
$507.1
71.4
54.2
$1,028.6
70.4
55.0
Total Capital Budget (millions, biennial) (1997–99 & 2005–07)$171.1
% from gifts, grants, and program revenue
56.4
$463.4
62.8
Undergraduate Resident Tuition & Fees (1998–99 & 2007–08)$3,480
(full-time, academic year)
Undergraduate Resident Cost of Attendance
$10,948
Volume of Undergraduate Financial Aid (millions)
$89.6
% of undergraduates receiving aid
54
% of undergraduates with debt at graduation
47
Average debt of undergraduates who graduate with debt $16,721
$7,188
$18,188
$163.1
60
48
$21,018
Source: 2007–08 Data Digest
Table 4. UW–Madison Academic School and College Profiles
Head Count
2006–07
EnrollmentDegreesFaculty (FTE,All StaffExpenditures
Full Name
(Fall 2007)
(2006–07)Fall 2007)
(FTE)
(millions)
College of Agricultural and Life Sciences
School of Business
School of Education
College of Engineering
School of Human Ecology
Nelson Institute for Environmental Studies
Law School
College of Letters and Science
School of Medicine and Public Health
School of Nursing
School of Pharmacy
School of Veterinary Medicine
Division of Continuing Studies
Graduate School
All Units Combined
3,279
1,876
3,106
4,532
983
136
913
22,307
1,507
920
607
364
1,496
NR
42,041
787
822
737
1,098
264
49
316
4,438
378
200
179
100
NR
NR
9,368
263.4
67.9
137.0
176.4
30.3
13.1
32.2
818.6
372.7
16.8
23.4
43.0
8.0
19.4
2,033.0
1,487.9
325.7
643.0
1,057.2
116.8
70.1
151.9
3,008.9
3,758.9
106.0
183.2
450.4
78.8
1,089.2
16,368.2
158.6
53.6
72.9
136.2
11.1
6.3
20.9
285.1
413.8
10.2
20.7
48.2
16.8
162.2
2,152.7
Source: 2007–08 Data Digest
B. Affiliated Organizations
UW–Madison’s service to its constituencies is amplified by several organizations that
are distinct from—although closely allied with—the university. Partnerships with these
organizations help to advance the university’s mission and goals.
UW Health3 is an academic health system that comprises the University of Wisconsin
School of Medicine and Public Health, the University of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics,
and the University of Wisconsin Medical Foundation. It includes the American Family
Children’s Hospital and the University of Wisconsin Paul P. Carbone Comprehensive
Cancer Center. UW Hospital and Clinics, recognized as a national leader in fields
including cancer treatment, pediatrics, ophthalmology, surgical specialties, and organ
transplantation, includes more than 800 active medical staff and more than 80 outpatient clinics. It operated as an arm of the medical school until 1995, when it was reorganized as a public authority.
Photo by Tom McInvaille, Studio M
OVERVIEW OF UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN–Madison
Wisconsin Alumni Association4 (WAA) was founded in 1861 to promote the welfare
of the University of Wisconsin and serve the interests of its 370,000 living alumni. It is
an independently financed, nonprofit alumni organization that focuses on services and
programs linking alumni back to the university, the university with alumni, and alumni
with each other. WAA envisions that by “working with campus partners and alumni,
WAA will actively advance the strategic plan of UW–Madison by unleashing the power
of alumni influence around the state and the world.”
Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation (WARF)5 is a private nonprofit organization that works with business and industry to transform university research into real
products benefiting society at large. Founded in 1925 to manage a UW discovery that
eventually eliminated the childhood disease rickets, WARF supports scientific research
at UW–Madison by patenting inventions arising from university research, licensing the
technologies to companies for commercialization, and returning the licensing income to
the UW–Madison to support further scientific endeavors. Since its founding, WARF has
contributed more than $915 million (2007 figures) to UW–Madison to fund research,
build facilities, purchase lands and equipment, and support faculty and graduate student
fellowships. WARF’s annual grant supports highly innovative, early-stage research for
which no other funding sources are available.
University of Wisconsin Foundation6 is a nonprofit, tax-exempt Wisconsin corporation
and serves as the official fundraising and gift-receiving organization for UW–Madison
(see Criterion 2). Total gifts received by the UW Foundation since 1945 now stand at
more than $2.41 billion and serve as the university’s endowment. A current campaign—
”Great people. Great place.”—focuses on student financial aid and the East Campus
Gateway project.
University Research Park,7 first established in 1983, is a nonprofit technology park
designed to foster growth in technology transfer and new start-up companies in
Wisconsin. The 255-acre park on Madison’s west side offers business incubator space
and land parcels for building. Most of the high-tech start-up companies in the park are
spinoffs of research conducted at UW–Madison; many are based in biotechnology and
life sciences. In 2008 the park was home to 110 companies that employed 4,000 people.
According to a study by NorthStar Economics, Inc., the total economic contribution
(including the multiplier effect of dollars spent by the park’s companies and employees)
was nearly $682 million in 2006, of which more than $46 million was state and local tax
revenue, and more than $50 million was outside of Dane County. The park was responsible for generating 9,106 jobs, of which 620 were outside of Dane County. Additional
sites are being developed in downtown Madison and on Madison’s far west side.
5
OVERVIEW OF UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN–Madison
C. Major changes since the 1999 Reaccreditation
During the decade since the 1999 reaccreditation site visit, UW–Madison has advanced
its mission under the leadership of three chancellors: David Ward (1993–2000), John D.
Wiley (2001–08), and Carolyn “Biddy” Martin (since September 2008). During the past
ten years, the following individuals have served in the position of provost and vice chancellor for academic affairs: John D. Wiley, Gary D. Sandefur (interim), Peter D. Spear,
Virginia Sapiro (interim), Patrick V. Farrell, and Julie Underwood (interim). Collectively,
these campus leaders have advanced the university to new levels through strategic planning and by building infrastructure, human resources, fiscal strength, partnerships, and
academic programs.
For the past two decades, the campus has used institutional reaccreditation as an opportunity for strategic planning. The reaccreditation process of 1989 yielded a self-study
report and Future Directions: The University in the 21st Century (1989), which served
as the first campuswide strategic plan. In 1995, the Office of the Chancellor issued a
revised strategic plan, A Vision for the Future: Priorities for the UW–Madison in the Next
Decade. The 1999 reaccreditation process prepared a self-study report and Targeting
Tomorrow: The UW–Madison as the 21st Century Begins (1999). Targeting Tomorrow was
the basis for the second campuswide strategic plan, Connecting Ideas: Strategies for the
University of Wisconsin–Madison (2001). UW–Madison has institutionalized the process
that now regularly links the reaccreditation self-study and strategic-planning processes.
The largest growth in facilities and renovations since the 1960s is currently under
way, funded primarily by gifts to the university, to accommodate new research labs,
classrooms, residence halls, and the West Campus Cogeneration Facility.8 Priorities for
building projects are guided by a Campus Master Plan,9 which is designed both as a blueprint for campus redevelopment during the next 20 years and as a roadmap for making
the campus more livable and sustainable. A key feature of the plan is the East Campus
redevelopment, which calls for creating a vibrant arts-and-humanities district along a
seven-block pedestrian corridor on the eastern end of campus (see Criterion 2b.ii).
Photo by Michael Kienitz, courtesy of Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation
6
The Cluster Hiring Initiative,10 first implemented in 1998, invited faculty to submit proposals for creating clusters of new faculty positions in emerging and interdisciplinary areas.
This strategy has seeded the
campus with top-tier faculty in
interdisciplinary teams; about
15 percent of current faculty
members were hired under the
cluster hiring initiative. Other
approaches used to support
faculty are the strategic hiring
initiative to enhance diversity
of the faculty, support for dualcareer couples, new faculty
orientation, expansion of child
care facilities, and the Vilas
Life Cycle Grant Program (see
Criterion 2a.iv).
To advance building initiatives, cluster hiring, need-based
scholarships, and other projects,
the university has sought to
diversify revenue sources (see
Criterion 2a.iv). The university,
through the UW Foundation,
has raised more money from
2001 to 2008 than during its
entire history to that point. Some
high-profile examples of philanthropy include: $85 million
gift to the Wisconsin School of
OVERVIEW OF UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN–Madison
Business to preserve the school’s name; $50 million gift to fund the Wisconsin Institutes
for Discovery; $31 million gift to renovate and complete the Education Building; $21.7
million gift to promote the Ira and Ineva Reilly Baldwin Wisconsin Idea Endowment (see
Criterion 2b.i.).
Funding for research projects also has expanded during the past decade, up from 35
percent of the total budget in 1999 to 39 percent in 2007. Total extramural research
awards have increased from $32.1 million in 1997–98 to $724.7 million in 2006–07.
Landmark scientific achievements in stem cell research have helped place Madison at
the center of the growing biotechnology sector. Public and private funding launched
the Wisconsin Institutes for Discovery,11 a nexus for interdisciplinary research in biotechnology, nanotechnology and information technology, while major federal grants positioned UW–Madison as a major hub for bioenergy (see Criterion 4b). In 2007, a National
Science Foundation report identified UW–Madison as the leading U.S. university in terms
of research outside of science and engineering, with $73 million spent on research in
fiscal 2006 in the areas of education, business and the humanities.12
Partnerships and collaborations have been important tools to carry the university’s
vision throughout the state and around the world. The Office of Corporate Relations13
was established in 2003 as the university’s “front door” for working with business and
the private sector. The Campus Community Partnerships14 office was established, in
collaboration with others, to support community development in south Madison neighborhoods. The Wisconsin Idea Project15 was initiated to highlight the value of outreach
efforts and partnerships (see Criterion 5). UW–Madison is one of the charter members
of the Worldwide Universities Network (WUN), an international consortium of 16 major
research universities (see Criterion 4).
Attention to the educational experience has been a focus for the past fifteen years and
has evolved into a vision that connects the classroom-based academic experience of
students with student life and co-curricular experiences. In 2007, this vision evolved
to an introduction of the Wisconsin Experience16—the idea that, together, we create
and apply learning inside and outside the classroom to make the world a better place.
General education requirements17 for undergraduates, implemented in 1996, have
matured and are fully integrated into the curriculum. Special attention has been given
to the first-year experience, transfer students, and the college-to-career transition (see
Criterion 3).
Under the guidance of Plan 2008,18 the campus diversity plan, the university has
made important strides in attracting and retaining students, faculty, and staff of color.
Students of color increased from 9.3 percent in 1998 to 12.2 percent in 2007. Among
other approaches, pipeline programs, such as PEOPLE,19 that enhance college-readiness
among targeted populations have helped to build minority student enrollments (see
Criterion 4).
To make an undergraduate education more accessible to Wisconsin students,
UW–Madison Connections20—a dual-admission program—was established in 2001.
Selected freshmen applicants may choose to be dually admitted to UW–Madison and
a partner institution in Wisconsin, then transfer to UW–Madison to complete upperlevel courses. In addition, UW–Madison has established transfer agreements with twoyear colleges across Wisconsin, including a partnership with the College of Menominee
Nation (see Criterion 5).
UW–Madison has undergone several academic program changes. Some of the most
notable include:
• T
he School of Medicine and Public Health (SMPH), formerly the School of Medicine, was renamed in 2006 to reflect an expanded mission. In keeping with the
expanded emphasis, SMPH implemented a master’s program in public health
and launched the Wisconsin Partnership Program, a grant program that aims to
advance public health through prevention of disease, injury, and disability.
• T
he School of Library and Information Studies established UW–Madison’s first
out-of-state course site when it made courses available to working librarians seeking to upgrade their skills at the Prairie Area Library System in northern Illinois the
fall of 2005.
7
8
OVERVIEW OF UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN–Madison
• T
he Institute for Cross-College Biology Education was established in 2003 as a
vehicle to improve the integration and coordination of undergraduate biology
education and better serve the nearly 25 percent of undergraduates who enroll
in one of nearly three dozen biology-related majors.
• T
he School of Nursing, in partnership with Gunderson Lutheran Medical Center in La Crosse, Wisconsin, and with UW–La Crosse, established a BS-nursing
program site in La Crosse in 1996, forming UW–Madison’s first off-campus program site. (See Criterion 5d for more details about off-campus program sites and
course locations.)
D. Accreditation History
UW–Madison is a charter member of the Higher Learning Commission of the North
Central Association (HLC) and has been continuously accredited since 1913. The university was last reviewed and reaccredited in April 1999. In 1999, UW–Madison was one
of the first universities to be reviewed under the rubric of a special emphasis self-study,
a concept that was spearheaded by the Committee on Institutional Cooperation (CIC)
with leadership from UW–Madison. In 2008, the HLC granted UW–Madison permission
to conduct a special emphasis study on strategic planning with the theme “What does
it mean to be a great public university in a changing world?”
E. Response to 1999 Site Team Observations
Following the 1999 HLC accreditation review, the site team issued a finding that
UW–Madison met the requirements for accreditation. The team concluded that the
university had made substantial progress between 1989 and 1999 in enhancing the
assessment of student learning. Other major achievements included: enhancement
of the quality of the undergraduate experience, academic advising, achieving greater
diversity, attracting private support through joint initiatives with industry, strengthening
the strategic planning process, and enhancing strength and breadth in international
studies. The team further concluded that the university has developed one of the strongest American examples of a faculty-centered culture, prizing intellectual independence,
creativity, and quality. In addition, the site team in 1999 made several observations and
suggestions for institutional improvement.
The sources of strength were also expressed as sources of some concern for the team.
The team expressed three primary concerns: (1) continuing reduction in state funding,
(2) a high level of internal administrative inflexibility induced by both internal and
external bureaucratic regulation and control, and (3) some negative aspects that
OVERVIEW OF UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN–Madison
arise from the university’s powerful tradition of reliance on individual and small-unit
autonomy and initiative. These three primary issues are addressed briefly below. More
detailed descriptions of the institution’s response to these concerns can be found in the
criterion chapters.
1. State funding
The 1999 site team noted a decline in state spending during the previous ten-year
period. It recommended that the university redouble its efforts to reverse the trend. The
team recommended that the state allow the university to explore increasing its tuition
through differential tuitions for high-cost programs or general tuition increases, accompanied by increased need-based student financial aid using a portion of the tuition
revenues.
Since the time of the last visit, state support has remained at approximately the same
dollar level. However, the portion of the total operating budget supported by state taxes
decreased from 26 percent in 1999 to 19 percent in 2008 due to the increase in the
total operating budget. From 1998–99 to 2007–08, the total operating budget grew
from $1.3 billion to $2.3 billion, an increase of 77 percent. In inflation-adjusted dollars,
the total operating budget was $1.6 billion in 1998–99, and $2.3 billion in 2007–08, an
increase of 30 percent.
Recently, the School of Business (2007) and the College of Engineering (2008) received
permission by the Board of Regents to establish differential tuition. The increase in
tuition revenue is designated for specific academic program enhancements, improved
advising services, and personnel support. In addition, the university recently embarked
on a new fundraising campaign—”Great people. Great place.”—to help offset increases
in tuition with increases in need-based aid (see Criterion 2b.iii). Chancellor Martin places
this among her top priorities for the institution in the coming years.
Efforts to protect the resources received from the state are ongoing and involve those in
state relations, university communications centrally, and through schools and colleges.
Despite these efforts, many campus community members perceive that the institution’s
efforts to increase state funding have been ineffective. They have felt the impact of cuts in
administrative support and funds for infrastructure; these impacts are real and have been
painful. The university began several recent initiatives to raise awareness of the university’s contributions to the state with the hope that increased awareness will translate into
concrete support for UW–Madison budget requests. A key example is the Wisconsin Idea
Project (see Criterion 5 and the Public University special emphasis report).
2. Administrative regulation and inflexibility
The 1999 site team expressed strong concern about a high level of internal administrative inflexibility “induced by both internal and external bureaucratic regulations and
control.” The team recommended that the university mount a comprehensive campaign to eliminate bureaucratic and policy constraints. The team also expressed strong
concern about the university’s inability to offer competitive salaries to senior leaders and
to faculty.
Campus leadership has engaged in many discussions regarding these issues. Although it
was deemed impossible, and indeed inadvisable, to seek wholesale independence from
the UW System and the state system, efforts to change rules that stifle creativity and
innovation are ongoing.
The Administrative Process Redesign (APR) project21 is an ambitious initiative to review
and redesign cross-campus administrative and business processes, and to develop
streamlined and efficient models of service delivery. These were some of the issues of
concern in the last self-study process. Budget cuts, pending staff retirements, and technological changes also were key drivers for this project. A substantial amount of time
has been devoted to communication with all members of the campus community in
an effort to conduct this project in an inclusive and transparent manner. In 2008, APR
initiated a leadership training program, parallel to Lean Six Sigma,22 to develop campus
leaders who will have skills in project management, change management, and facilitation (see Criterion 2c.iii).
9
10
OVERVIEW OF UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN–Madison
Providing salaries that match the market set by peer institutions is an ongoing concern.
Comparisons show that faculty salaries are, on average, 9.8 percent below the median,
placing UW–Madison near the bottom among its peers. An estimated $20 million would
be needed annually to bring faculty salaries alone up to market levels (using 2007–08
comparisons). During the past decade, the university instituted a faculty salary-equity
procedure that follows a process established in 2002 after the university completed two
gender pay-equity exercises. In addition, the UW System received as part of its budget
allocation in 2005 and 2007 funds designated for retention of outstanding faculty
members. These funds have helped the university demonstrate the value of faculty contributions. Still, the ability to pay market rates for top talent requires the ongoing attention of university leaders (see Criterion 2).
The fact that the School of Business and College of Engineering both received permission to assess differential tuition offers some indication that additional flexibility may be
possible from UW System Administration and the state.
3. Tradition of decentralization
The 1999 site team noted concern about the university’s powerful traditions of decentralization and shared governance. Although these traditions are a source of strength
to the university, the site team highlighted three areas for which greater coordination
and more top-down leadership might be beneficial: information technology, biological
research on the brain, and the cohesion of faculty and staff within the broad category
of “the arts.”
UW–Madison continues to function as and benefit from being a fairly decentralized organization. In recent years, efforts have focused on improving communication and coordination to better leverage and learn from the various independent efforts. However, the
coordination and alignment between schools and colleges and central administration
continues to pose challenges.
UW–Madison Libraries, as the eleventh largest physical library system in North America,
with more than 7 million volumes, has struggled to maintain collections as funding
resources continue to decline. At this point in time, decentralization is not a concern
for the libraries within the system, because developments in technology have allowed
astonishingly effective connectivity. The Libraries now emphasize access rather than
ownership, and deliver resources and services that support learning through new tools.
A strong partnership with the Division of Information Technology (DoIT) has been
instrumental in supporting this transformation. UW–Madison Libraries has collaborated
fully with the Committee on Institutional Cooperation (CIC) shared digital repository, is
a partner in the Google Book Search work with the University of Michigan, coordinates
with libraries across the UW System, and has implemented an article-delivery system
that is considered an exemplar by peer library systems. In addition, steady and significant growth has occurred in open-access publishing to support new federal information-sharing policies.
During the past decade, UW–Madison recognized the need for a more coordinated
approach to information technology. In 2000, the university appointed a chief information officer (CIO) whose charge is to take the lead in aligning information technology
resources and services. The CIO also serves as the director of the Division of Information
Technology. In recognition of the growing complexity of campus IT needs and the
challenges of the current decentralized organization, the CIO oversaw an internal and
external review to consider restructuring in 2005. As one outcome of the review, the
CIO was appointed as the vice provost for information technology to oversee IT needs
for the entire campus. The new CIO, appointed in fall 2007, led major campuswide IT
strategic planning during summer 2008.
The Administrative Process Redesign project, described earlier, is an ambitious initiative
to review the campus’s centralized administrative and business processes and to develop
new streamlined and efficient models of service delivery. This project has modeled inclusive and transparent processes by involving campus leadership, governance employee
groups, and more than 120 campus community members (see Criterion 2c.iii).
OVERVIEW OF UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN–Madison
The 1999 site team also observed that the arts on campus seemed to suffer from a lack
of coordination. At the time, the Arts Institute23 had recently been created as an interdisciplinary, intercollege unit of the College of Letters and Science, School of Education,
and School of Human Ecology, and it was too early to measure its effectiveness in
addressing these concerns. The Arts Institute currently seeks to integrate campus arts
programs, providing opportunities to experience and understand diverse cultures and
the arts created within them, facilitating cross-departmental projects, and serving as a
resource to the larger campus community.
In addition to the Arts Institute, the interdisciplinary Visual Culture cluster was funded
through the Cluster Hiring Initiative. The emerging transdisciplinary field of visual
culture connects the study and practice of integrating the visual arts with the sciences,
humanities, and social sciences. The Visual Culture Center, created in 2007 to undertake
research in this emerging field will move—along with the Arts Institute, and other arts
and humanities institutes and centers—in 2009–10 into the centrally located University
Club building, at the heart of the east side of campus. These steps to bring together, for
the first time, disparate arts centers and institutes within the heart of campus will further
foster collaborations and new initiatives.
UW–Madison has a long tradition of shared governance. A statutory framework sets forth
the idea that faculty, staff, and students play a role in governing the university. Wisconsin
statues (Chapter 36.09(4)) states that the faculty shall have the primary responsibility for
the university’s academic and educational activities, and its faculty personnel matters.
In the 1980s, the statutes were modified to extend this responsibility to academic staff,
who are represented by the Academic Staff Assembly. In 1994, classified staff achieved
representation through the creation of the Council for Non-represented Classified Staff.
The involvement of students in governance is described in Chapter 36. For some, shared
governance is a strategy that, while sometimes time-consuming, is seen as an effective
decision-making process. For others, it is experienced as a series of lengthy and bureaucratic processes. The institution’s ability to be both inclusive and to keep pace with
externalities requiring change is being challenged through this governance system.
The concerns raised about decentralization at UW–Madison reflect ongoing tension
between the recognized value of decentralized units—that have the freedom and independence to initiate new, entrepreneurial ideas—and the benefits that come from a
more centralized organizational structure. The overwhelming desire remains to maintain enough freedom and opportunity to foster both a spirit of entrepreneurism and
the creative space for new ideas to emerge, be tested, explored, and disseminated.
More coordination may be ideal from some perspectives, and some is taking place.
But overall, this tension—because it has fostered excellence—is a key component of
UW–Madison’s culture.
Clear, simple solutions to these three broad areas of challenge—funding, regulation
and inflexibility, and governance/decentralization—remain elusive. These challenges are
perennial. While progress has been made in some aspects, the shear size and scope of
the institution make major or rapid changes difficult.
How This Document is Organized
Part I, following this overview, presents six chapters: one for each of the five criteria for
accreditation and one on federal compliance, containing evidence that the institution
meets all criteria for reaccreditation, and the institution’s request for reaccreditation.
Throughout these chapters, linkages to the special emphasis team reports are noted.
Part II provides a detailed description of the special emphasis self-study process, the
six reports from the theme teams and a summary of crosscutting ideas. These reports
represent a nearly year-long process of theme exploration through in-depth conversation among faculty, staff, students, alumni, and some community members. The
reports provide observations and recommendations for moving forward. Throughout
the reports, linkages are made back to the five criteria, providing additional evidence of
the institution’s engagement in the core components of accreditation.
11
12
OVERVIEW OF UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN–Madison
The conclusion to Part II contains a proposed synthesis to the many ideas put forth by
the self-study teams. It also includes an update on the institution’s latest progress toward
the development of a new campus strategic plan, which is one important outcome of
the self-study process for this institution. Evidence of institutional leaders’ and campus
community members’ involvement in discussions around the development of the next
campus strategic plan demonstrates that the institution takes seriously the need not only
to engage in planning, but also to assess progress. It is the university’s intention to continue to promote this system, to ensure a long-term and continual process of planning
and assessment for the future.
Notes
1.www.chancellor.wisc.edu/strategicplan/
2.www.uwbadgers.com
3.www.uwhealth.org
4.www.uwalumni.com
5.http://warf.wisc.edu
6.www.uwfoundation.wisc.edu
7.www.universityresearchpark.org
8.www.map.wisc.edu/buildings
9.www.uc.wisc.edu/masterplan
10.www.clusters.wisc.edu
11.www.discovery.wisc.edu
12.www.news.wisc.edu/14424
13.www.ocr.wisc.edu
14.www.ccp.wisc.edu
15.www.wisconsinidea.wisc.edu
16.www.learning.wisc.edu
17.www.ls.wisc.edu/gened
18.www.provost.wisc.edu/plan2008
19.www.peopleprogram.wisc.edu
20.www.connections.wisc.edu
21.www.vc.wisc.edu/APR
22.www.asq.org/six-sigma/index.html
23.www.arts.wisc.edu/artsinstitute/
Meeting the Criteria
PAR T I
Meeting the Criteria
13
14
Meeting the Criteria
Mission and Integrity
15
Criterion One:
Mission and Integrity
1. The organization operates with integrity to ensure the fulfillment of its mission through structures and processes that
involve the board, administration, faculty, staff, and students.
UW–Madison enthusiastically embraces its mission to engage in research, impart knowledge, and serve the state of Wisconsin and beyond. The breadth and depth of research
and scholarship at UW–Madison help create an environment where new discoveries are
made every day, where people collaborate to accomplish new tasks, where students
learn that cross-disciplinary scholarship is viewed as a natural outcome of the questions
being raised, and where efforts are made to apply discoveries to improve the human
condition.
As a public institution and agency of the State of Wisconsin, the university is subject to
most of the same rules and regulations as other state agencies. The organizational structure of the university, described in detail later in this chapter, permits few exceptions.
Expectations are high that UW–Madison will continue to attract and retain excellent
staff and faculty, as well as excellent students from Wisconsin, across the United States,
and around the globe.
1a. The organization’s mission documents are clear and articulate
publicly the organization’s commitments.
and
1b. In its mission documents, the organization recognizes the diversity
of its learners, other constituencies, and the greater society it serves.
1a.b.i. Institutional mission
UW–Madison is the original University of Wisconsin. It was created at the same time
Wisconsin achieved statehood in 1848. It received Wisconsin’s land grant and became
the state’s land-grant university after Congress adopted the Morrill Act in 1862.
UW–Madison is proud to serve the state, the nation, and the world as a premier research
institution with a deep commitment to undergraduate and graduate/professional education. The institution also is proud of its extensive continuing education and outreach
activities.
I have a deep appreciation for the
constancy of change, for the incalculable ways in which the time, energy,
and enthusiasm of each member
of this special community impels us
always toward new frontiers and
understandings drawn from lingering
uncertainties. And yet, the inevitability
of change has not been—and cannot
be allowed to become—a matter
of chance, of random trajectories
transecting in wholly unpredictable
ways all that we do here.
We are shielded from that potential chaos, I believe, by two crucial
standards: the interconnectedness of
our base values—our sense of history and of place—with all facets of
our institutional imperative to create,
integrate, transfer, and apply knowledge; and our care and attention to
the practice of strategic planning. Our
values constitute an enduring structure through which the constancy of
change is filtered, offering stability and
continuity without retarding innovation and creativity. Our strategic planning offers a method through which
we manage the process and course of
change to meet the defined needs of—
and demands upon—the university
community. Together, our values and
our commitment to strategic planning
embody community-oriented leadership.
John D. Wiley, Chancellor, University
of Wisconsin–Madison, 2001–08
Connecting Ideas: Strategies for the
University of Wisconsin–Madison (2001)1
16
Mission and Integrity
The formal mission statement of the university states:
The primary purpose of the University of Wisconsin–Madison is to provide a learning
environment in which faculty, staff and students can discover, examine critically,
and preserve and transmit the knowledge, wisdom and values that will help ensure
the survival of this and future generations and improve the quality of life for all. The
university seeks to help students to develop an understanding and appreciation
for the complex cultural and physical worlds in which they live and to realize their
highest potential of intellectual, physical and human development.
It also seeks to attract and serve students from diverse social, economic and ethnic
backgrounds and to be sensitive and responsive to those groups which have been
underserved by higher education. To fulfill its mission, the university must:
• O
ffer broad and balanced academic programs that are mutually reinforcing
and emphasize high quality and creative instruction at the undergraduate,
graduate, professional and postgraduate levels.
• G
enerate new knowledge through a broad array of scholarly, research and
creative endeavors, which provide a foundation for dealing with the immediate and long-range needs of society.
• A
chieve leadership in each discipline, strengthen interdisciplinary studies,
and pioneer new fields of learning.
• S
erve society through coordinated statewide outreach programs that meet
continuing educational needs in accordance with the university’s designated
land-grant status.
• P
articipate extensively in statewide, national and international programs
and encourage others in the University of Wisconsin System, at other educational institutions and in state, national and international organizations to
seek benefit from the university’s unique educational resources, such as faculty and staff expertise, libraries, archives, museums and research facilities.
• S
trengthen cultural understanding through opportunities to study languages, cultures, the arts and the implications of social, political, economic and
technological change and through encouragement of study, research and
service off campus and abroad.
• M
aintain a level of excellence and standards in all programs that will give
them statewide, national and international significance.
• E
mbody, through its policies and programs, respect for, and commitment
to, the ideals of a pluralistic, multiracial, open and democratic society.
Revised statement, adopted June 10, 1988, UW2
This mission statement is published online.3 Information on the Web and in print for prospective students and others reinforces the institution’s mission.4 Schools, colleges, and
other administrative units also make available their own statements of purpose and connect
these with their own vision statements. There is alignment between the mission statements of the school/college/administrative unit and the campus mission. For example:
• College of Agricultural and Life Sciences mission5
• Offices of the Dean of Students mission and vision6
• College of Engineering Strategic Plan, including mission7
• Office of Human Resource Development mission and Principles of Practice8
• Nelson Institute for Environmental Studies mission and vision9
• Graduate School mission10
• College of Letters and Science mission11
• School of Medicine and Public Health mission and vision12
• School of Pharmacy mission and vision13
Mission and integrity
mission
Integrity
1a.b.ii. Core institutional values
Two core values, framed within the context of the institution’s mission, are shaped
by the history of the institution and continue to influence the culture and activities of
UW–Madison. They include the service mission, known as the Wisconsin Idea, and the
history of defending academic freedom. These cornerstone values are deeply felt within
the culture of the university.
Wisconsin Idea
The institution’s mission statement directs the institution to “serve society through coordinated statewide outreach programs that meet continuing educational needs in accordance with the university’s designated land-grant status.”
The institution’s commitment to public service is internationally recognized as the
Wisconsin Idea, first attributed to University of Wisconsin President Van Hise in 1904, as
the principle that education should influence and improve the lives of individuals beyond
those in university classrooms. It is an idea that has taken further definition by the phrase
“the boundaries of the University are the boundaries of the state.” This phrase captures
the sense that much of what takes place on the campus, including the research that
takes place here, should somehow lead toward enhancing the public good.
Consistent with this aspect of the institution’s mission, one specific opportunity for
engagement comes in the form of the University of Wisconsin–Madison’s Wisconsin
Idea Project.14 The project, described in greater detail in Criterion 5 and the Public
University self-study report, is a new collaborative initiative created in 2006 by the chancellor’s and provost’s offices to provide applied, problem-solving strategies to existing
problems here in the state and beyond, and to better document the many contributions
and collaborations that currently exist within the state.
In recent years, the institution began using the term Wisconsin Experience to refer to an
array of experiences, including in-class and out-of-class experiences, that contribute to
undergraduate student outcomes such as the very high participation of alumni in the
Peace Corps, the number of CEOs of major corporations who are Wisconsin graduates,
and the commitment to service that is evidenced by lifelong contributions to communities around the world (see Criterion 3, Criterion 5, and the Public University report). This
emerging framework of thinking about the student experience and the notable outcomes
associated with the student experience here at Wisconsin is part of the Wisconsin Idea.
17
18
Mission and Integrity
Academic Freedom
UW–Madison takes pride in its historic legacy regarding academic freedom.
UW–Madison’s famous case in 1894 involved a faculty member by the name of Richard
Ely, director of the School of Economics and also professor of political science and
history. He was . . .
accused by an ex-officio member of the Board of Regents of the University of
Wisconsin of supporting labor union strikes, organizing boycotts of nonunion
businesses, and teaching socialism and other “dangerous” theories. . . . To the
board’s great credit, and despite Ely’s statement, the board defended Ely’s right to
say what he did and offered a stirring defense of academic freedom. The board’s
defense is captured by its easily understandable “sifting and winnowing” language. As a result, the principle of academic freedom became firmly established
at the University of Wisconsin as an essential component in the university’s shared
governance tradition.15
Frequent reference is made to the “sifting and winnowing” statement on the plaque
outside the university’s Bascom Hall that references this case and serves as a reminder of
this institutional value.
More recently, UW–Madison wrestled anew with issues of academic freedom when
leaders of the institution were pressured by legislators and others to terminate the
employment of a lecturer because he spoke out about his belief that the attacks on
America on September 11, 2001, were part of a conspiracy on the part of units within
the U.S. government.16 The university, in refusing to terminate employment, upheld its
commitment to academic freedom and demonstrated to the community that academic
freedom is among the most cherished values of this institution.17
1a.b.iii. Seeking and serving diverse learners
The campus mission statement states that the university “also seeks to attract and serve
students from diverse social, economic and ethnic backgrounds and to be sensitive and
responsive to those groups which have been underserved by higher education.” This has
been a long-standing part of the institution’s mission, manifest in various ways.
For two decades now, the university has pursued several comprehensive diversity plans.
The first, the 1988 Madison Plan; the second, the 1993 Madison Commitment; and
most recently, Plan 2008, have focused not exclusively, but primarily on ethnic and racial
diversity (figures 1, 2a and 2b;). These data evidence some progress toward the goal
of an increasingly racially and ethnically diverse student population. However, progress
has been slow and members of the campus community continue to push for increasing
the diversity of the student body (see Criterion 2 for more detailed descriptions of these
diversity initiatives and efforts to assess their effectiveness).
Mission and integrity
mission
Integrity
Beyond racial and ethnic diversity, one of the areas receiving increased attention in
recent years is the extent to which as a public institution UW–Madison has continued
to serve students regardless of family income. Maintaining access to the institution for
students from all income levels and without regard to special needs is a priority (see
Criterion 2b.iii regarding fundraising for this priority).
Figure 1. Undergraduate student minority enrollment 1976–2008
Source: Plan 2008 Diversity Forum report
Figures 2a and 2b. Undergraduate minority enrollment by ethnicity, 1998–2008
Source: Plan 2008 Diversity Forum report
The total cost of attendance per academic year for in-state, undergraduate students has
increased from $10,948 in 1998–99 to $18,188 in 2007–08. The total cost of attendance
for non-residents has increased from $19,128 in 1998–99 to $32,438 in 2007–08.
The Office of Student Financial Services18 assisted 17,071 students with some sort
of financial aid in 2007–08. In the same year, nearly $35 million dollars was awarded
in scholarships to 9,424 students, and nearly $9 million in work-study funds was allocated to 3,713 students. Student Financial Services awarded over $41 million dollars
in need-based loans to 7,472 students (see also Criterion 2b). The institution carefully
monitors student debt (figure 3a and 3b), as well as changes in policies and availability
of loans and other funding support to ensure institutional compliance and provide the
best service to students and their families.
In terms of diversity of learners, the McBurney Disability Resource Center19 helps create
an accessible university community where students with disabilities have an equal opportunity to fully participate in all aspects of the educational environment. This unit cooperates with students, faculty, and staff to promote student independence and seeks to ensure
recognition of their abilities, not their disabilities. Resources allocated to the McBurney
Center have increased as the demand for services has grown and changed over the years.
19
20
Mission and Integrity
Figures 3a and 3b. Percent of students graduating with debt and average total debt of students at graduation 1998–2007
Source: 2007–08 Data Digest, p. 72
In addition to the McBurney Center, the Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgendered
Campus Center (LGBTCC)20 and the International Student Services office21 provide
critical services to help the institution serve diverse learners.
The mission statement of the university also directs the institution to “serve society
through coordinated statewide outreach programs that meet continuing educational needs in accordance with the university’s designated land-grant status.” The
UW–Madison is engaged in extensive efforts to serve the local community and broader
state citizens. Our commitment to outreach and service, through the structure of the
Division of Continuing Studies,22 is described in detail in Criterion 5.
1c. Understanding of and support for the mission pervade the
organization.
Strategic Planning in Pursuit of the University’s Mission
As described briefly in the Overview, the university has employed a very deliberate strategy
of integrating the institution’s reaccreditation self-study process with campuswide strategic
planning and improvement efforts. Campus priorities are identified in the institutional selfstudy process, and many of these priorities are folded into a campus strategic plan that
then becomes the guide for the development of unit-specific strategic plans. Efforts are
made to engage in ongoing, continuous improvement activities, and evaluation of our
success in meeting campus goals is an integral part of the process.
In 1989, the self-study committee for reaccreditation with the Higher Learning
Commission issued Future Directions. This document formed the core of the campus strategic plan. The recommendations were developed into A Vision for the Future: Priorities
for the UW–Madison in the Next Decade.23 The Vision document set forth nine priorities, including four goals and five means to achieve the goals. Progress on these goals
included significant reinvestment in undergraduate education through, for example,
hiring new academic advisors, efforts to slightly decrease undergraduate enrollment to
relieve some enrollment pressures in certain gateway courses, and the development of
residential learning communities.
Nearly a decade later, in preparation for the institution’s self-study for reaccreditation
in 1999, UW–Madison developed a campuswide summary of progress on the priorities set forth in the previous strategic plan. That progress report provided a foundation
for the 1999 reaccreditation initiative (New Directions: the Reaccreditation Project24),
and the institution’s self-study, Targeting Tomorrow.25 These activities led into the next
campuswide strategic plan, Connecting Ideas.26 Created in 2001, this plan articulates the
following five priorities:
I.
Promote Research
II. Advance Learning
III.Accelerate Internationalization
IV. Amplify the Wisconsin Idea
V. Nurture Human Resources
Mission and Integrity
Implementation and Monitoring Progress
Details regarding the campus strategic planning process can be found online.27 The strategic planning Web site provides evidence of regular checks on the institution’s progress. To implement the priorities and move forward toward campus goals, in 2001 the
campus identified “point people” for each strategic priority. These individuals in leadership positions worked as liaisons with people and units across campus to identify goals
and initiatives for each priority, and to monitor progress toward the campus priorities.
Point people for the five priority areas provided updates on progress, convened groups
to discuss efforts, and submitted documentation to evidence progress in meeting these
institutional goals.
In addition, schools, colleges, and administrative units developed their own plans in
alignment with the campus strategic plan, and submitted annual reports on their progress to the chancellor, provost, and vice chancellor for administration. These reports
provided deans and directors with the opportunity to articulate their specific initiatives
in terms of the campus priorities, which are, in turn, aligned with the mission statement
of the university.
The annual reports from the schools, colleges, and administrative units, together with
progress reports from the point people, have been combined each year to create a
campus “Progress Report on the Strategic Plan.” These accountability reports were sent
from the chancellor to the entire campus community, reprinted in full in Wisconsin Week,
shared with internal and external audiences at events and presentations, and posted
on the Web.28 This system provides a transparent accounting of our successes and continued challenges in making progress toward our goals.
Evaluation of progress toward the five campuswide planning goals is evidenced in many
ways. One example of an outcome being tracked is UW–Madison’s first-year retention
rate, which has increased from 91.7 percent in 1997 to 93.2 percent in 2006. This is a
key indicator of progress toward our goal of enhancing the “first-year experience” under
the “Advance Learning” priority.
In 2007, deans and other senior administrative leaders created Strategic Plan Areas of
Focus,29 articulating specific initiatives and goals for this two-year period, again framed
in terms of the campus strategic-planning priorities.
The campus Accountability Report for UW System Administration30 demonstrates
additional evidence of progress in meeting several institutional goals, including, as an
example, increasing the number of service learning and community-based research
courses. The institution’s success in promoting research (see Criterion 4) can be measured
by the increase in research expenditures (see Overview) and in the number of undergraduates who now participate in an undergraduate research experience (Criterion 3c.iii).
Evidence of progress toward the goal of accelerating internationalization can be found in
the ­institution’s response to Criterion 3 and efforts like the World Universities Network (see
Criterion 2a.i). The number of students receiving credit for studying abroad in 2006–07
totaled 1,846, up from 1,616 students in 2005–06—a 14 percent increase.
The university created the Human Resources Working Group not long after the
Connecting Ideas strategic plan was announced. This committee, comprised of administrators from the Office of the Provost, Human Resources, the Employee Assistance Office,
the Office for Equity and Diversity, and other units, meets several times each semester
to coordinate training and education offerings, discuss changing campus needs with
respect to human resources, and recommend action on issues such as faculty recruitment, expectations of leaders, and retention and workforce planning.
Initiatives to address campus priorities are integrated across campus. As noted earlier,
each priority had an assigned point person as a campus liaison, and each school/college
submitted reports on progress. Each school/college and administrative unit created its
own strategic plan in alignment with the campus strategic plan. Each year, campus leadership. including all deans, held a planning retreat in early fall to review progress from
the last year and identify issues they, as leaders, wanted to focus on to advance the plan
during the current year. Many of those issues then became the topics for their biweekly
meetings throughout the year.
21
22
Mission and Integrity
The institution’s system for planning and implementation is supported by the Office of
Quality Improvement (OQI),31 established in 1990. OQI works with campus leaders
and provides internal consultants to any unit on campus, on request, to help with strategic planning, process improvement, and project management. In the previous six
academic years, OQI has assisted with more than 670 projects, including 154 projects
for academic units from every school/college. In addition, OQI consultants helped with
more than 150 cross-campus efforts to advance the campus priorities. OQI’s strategic
planning model guides units in aligning their plans with the campus plan.32
To help leverage the impact of the many improvement efforts on campus, OQI cosponsors an annual “Showcase” event with the Office of Human Resource Development.
More than 350 improvement efforts have been presented since the first Showcase in
2001; all examples are summarized on the Web.33 The presentations and posters give
campus colleagues the opportunity to learn about new processes and tools designed to
help the intitution function more efficently (see also Criterion 2c).
1d. The organization’s governance and administrative structures
promote effective leadership and support collaborative processes that
enable the organization to fulfill its mission.
UW–Madison has an organizational structure with well-established shared governance
procedures. While on occasion questions emerge regarding decision-making authority,
by and large the institution has clear decision-making procedures.
The University of Wisconsin Board of Regents,34 described in the Overview, appoints
the President of the UW System, the chancellors of the thirteen universities, the chancellor of UW–Extension and UW Colleges, and the deans of the thirteen UW Colleges. All
appointees serve at the pleasure of the board. The board also sets admission standards,
reviews and approves university budgets, and establishes the regulatory framework
within which the individual units operate. The scope of authority of the board and UW
System Administration in relation to the state can be found in Wisconsin Statute 36.35
(See details in Criterion 2 for information on the budget allocation process.)
The University of Wisconsin System36 serves more than 170,000 students each year
in system institutions, and the total annual budget for the system is $4.1 billion, of
which $990 million comes from the state. Institutions work with academic planners in
UW System to gain approval or elimination of academic programs after these proposals
have gone through the appropriate process at the institutional level. This process helps
to minimize unnecessary duplication of programs and ensure that institutions within the
system remain focused on programs that are consistent with their respective missions.
Within the University of Wisconsin–Madison, the administrative leadership structure37 includes the chancellor, who reports to the president of the UW System; the
provost/vice chancellor for academic affairs, who serves as the chief operating officer
and the deputy to the chancellor in the overall academic leadership and administrative
management of the university; the vice chancellor for administration, also reporting to
the chancellor, who serves as the chief budget officer and oversees the administrative
aspects of the university; and the newly created position of vice chancellor for university
relations.38 In addition, the dean of the Graduate School also serves as the vice chancellor for research, and the dean of the School of Medicine and Public Health serves as
the vice chancellor for medical affairs.
Shared Governance
The Faculty Senate,39 Academic Staff Assembly,40 and Associated Students of
Madison Student Council41 are elected bodies that provide faculty, academic staff, and
students with formal processes for participation in the shared governance structure of
the institution. The chancellor convenes the Faculty Senate and the provost convenes
the Academic Staff Assembly. The chancellor and/or the provost meet nearly weekly
with the University Committee, the executive committee of the Faculty Senate, and with
the Academic Staff Executive Committee, the executive committee of the Academic
Staff Assembly. In addition, all three structures maintain detailed Web sites in order to
make information about shared governance as accessible as possible to all members
Mission and Integrity
of the campus community. Both faculty senators
and academic staff representatives are expected
to converse regularly with colleagues about issues
arising in their respective divisions.
Of the university’s 5,000 classified employees,
4,300 are represented by unions. Union representatives meet regularly with the vice chancellor
for administration in the Labor Management
Advisory Committee. In addition, the Council
for Non-represented Classified Staff (CNCS),42
though not officially recognized by statute as a
governance group, meets regularly to address
issues of concern for the ­nonrepresented staff,
and is part of the Labor Management Advisory
Committee. Through the CNCS structure, more
classified staff members are being appointed to
committees, and there is generally a heightened
awareness of the importance of including these
and other classified staff members in shared governance.
The chancellor and provost convene regular meetings with senior leadership. Leadership
Council meetings typically include deans or directors of all schools and colleges, as well
as the chancellor, provost, vice chancellor for administration, the chair of the University
Committee, vice provosts, and several staff members. The deans also convene their own
meetings twice a month with the chancellor, provost, and vice chancellor for administration in attendance. The provost typically meets monthly with each dean, and the
chancellor and provost and their staff members meet regularly with the director of the
Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation (WARF), the UW Foundation, and the Wisconsin
Alumni Association (WAA), as well as with senior leadership of the UW Hospital and
Clinics and other affiliated entities.
In addition to these meetings, the provost hosts a breakfast meeting each semester
with the academic department chairs and major center directors. Similarly, the vice
chancellor for administration hosts one breakfast meeting each semester for directors
of administrative units and other affiliated organizations such as the Wisconsin Alumni
Association. These meetings provide opportunities for updates on important issues, discussing emerging challenges, and giving department chairs and directors the opportunity to ask questions of campus leaders.
Numerous governance committees43 are appointed annually to ensure broad input
into the administration of the university. The charge to each joint governance committee, with appointees from the faculty, academic staff, and students, can be found in
Chapter 6 of Faculty Policies and Procedures (FP&P).44
The University Academic Planning Council (UAPC),45 a governance committee with
representatives from the faculty, academic staff, and Associated Students of Madison,
as well as administrators, meets regularly to advise the chancellor and provost on major
program decisions, long-term academic plans, and related developments. This FP&P
Chapter 6 governance committee is chaired by the provost. It addresses university academic policy issues and provides for faculty, staff, and student participation in academic
planning; assures that appropriate review and consideration are given to proposals for
new majors, degrees, or certificates; makes recommendations on proposals to establish,
change, or discontinue departments, centers, and centerlike units; makes recommendations concerning the evaluation and review of academic programs; makes recommendations for policy related to new program development, program review, program array,
and related issues; and provides oversight for the general education requirements.46
In 2007–08 the UAPC addressed academic issues relevant to many aspects of its mission
as defined by Faculty Policy and Procedures. Those issues included program review,
general education, grading patterns for undergraduate courses, midterm grading patterns, reaccreditation, and discussion of expectations for student learning. The UAPC
simplified approvals for graduate certificate programs, endorsed guidelines for resolving
23
24
Mission and Integrity
duplicate degree issues, and established new policy guidelines for the approval of
academic programs delivered at off-campus locations. As part of its responsibility for
“appropriate review and consideration of requests for new programs,” the UAPC acted
on a large number of academic program proposals.
The work of the UAPC builds upon the work conducted by academic planning councils in each school or college, which are generally chaired by the dean of the respective
school/college. After recommendations from school or college APCs are considered and
approved, these actions then move to the University Academic Planning Council for final
consideration. In some cases, the school/college APC is the decision-making body, and
announcements of changes are made at the UAPC for information purposes only. This is
an important step, however, as changes made within the purview of an individual school
or college may have an impact on other units, and the UAPC serves as the body to officially recognize and formally document these changes at the institutional level.
The Campus Planning Committee47 advises on long-range development plans, building
priorities, site selection, and aesthetic criteria, regarding facilities for research, instruction, recreation, parking and transportation, and other university functions. This committee serves an important function to ensure communication and alignment between
the staff from facilities and planning and those from the academic side.
Other shared governance committees can be found on the Web site of the Secretary of
the Faculty.48
1e. The organization upholds and protects its integrity.
The university take very seriously its responsibility to uphold and protect its integrity as
an institution of the state and as a recipient of state, federal, grant, and gift funding.
Evidence of the university’s commitment can be found in a number of structures, procedures, policies, and statements of what it values. In addition, the Institutional Integrity
special emphasis report addresses this in detail.
Oversight of the financial matters of the university are the responsibility of the vice chancellor for administration. Among the offices charged with responsibility for oversight of
compliance and integrity are Internal Audit, Business Services, Campus Safety, Research
and Sponsored Programs, and the Graduate School.
Mission and Integrity
1e.i. Administrative accountability
As a public entity, the university is subject to public records laws in Wisconsin. The
university has a Records Custodian (currently the chief of staff to the chancellor) who
directs requests for records to the appropriate office or entity. Working with University
Communications, the Office of Administrative Legal Services, and other administrative
offices, requests for public records are handled as expediently as possible. Administrative
Legal Services is in the process of hiring an individual to assist in responding to records
requests. In addition, the university has a Records Manager49 who oversees the process
of creating and ahering to records-retention schedules, and the appropriate destruction
of or transmittal of important documents to University Archives. One emerging challenge on the horizon is the need to create a new system for retaining “digitally born”
documents. The university is engaged in discussions about the need to invest in technologies to retain and preserve these documents through a provost-appointed Campus
Records Review Group. This group, comprised of representatives of key administrative
functions, will make recommendations for changes in campus policies and practices
consistent with guidance from the state and UW System Administration.
The chancellor’s and provost’s offices maintain detailed correspondence databases to
track public and campus community requests and complaints, to ensure that timely
responses are handled by the appropriate individual or administrative office.
There are clear grievance procedures, as well as procedures when there are allegations of
misconduct, for faculty, staff, and students. The Office for Equity and Diversity50 handles
affirmative action and equal employment opportunity complaints for employees.
In addition to the Office for Equity and Diversity, there are several other administative
services that help ensure the integrity of the institution.
The Employee Assistance Office51 is a resource to assist employees and their immediate
family members or significant others who are finding it difficult to successfully cope with
personal or work-related issues and concerns. Services are available to all faculty, staff,
and LTE/project employees and their immediate family members or significant others.
Contact with the staff of the Employee Assistance Office is confidential within limits as
governed by federal and state regulations.
The Ombuds Office,52 started in 2003, serves as an informal, impartial, confidential,
and independent resource for faculty and staff. An ombuds will listen to concerns, clarify
procedures, discuss options, and, if requested and appropriate, serve as an intermediary in attempting to resolve disputes. Ombuds work independently from university
administrative offices. This service was implemented in part as a response to the concerns being raised in the Campus Climate Network Group about employment situations
in which it was perceived that informal resolution would be desirable. This ombuds
office supplements the ombuds services available to students through the Offices of
the Dean of Students53 and to health sciences faculty, staff, and students through their
­ombudsperson.
Administrative Legal Services54 provides advice and counsel to the entire university
community on any matter involving legal issues. These include personnel; contracts;
medical malpractice; tax, environmental, and constitutional; interpretations of local,
state, and federal laws; real estate matters; as well as all matters in controversy. At
present, the role of coordinator for Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) is filled by
the director of Administrative Legal Services. The director works with staff members in
the Office for Equity and Diversity, the Office of Human Resources, and the McBurney
Disability Resource Center to help ensure that ADA concerns are addressed.
The University’s Office of Internal Audit55 is an independent assurance unit that conducts ongoing reviews based on a comprehensive audit plan, and provides management assistance with evaluations of operating and financial systems and their related
internal controls. The unit addresses non-financial as well as financial systems to ensure
compliance with rules of external agencies and organizations, and reports to the vice
chancellor for administration.
The UW Athletic Department56 includes twenty-three Division I sports teams. In addition to the priority of graduating student-athletes, compliance with NCAA rules is taken
25
26
Mission and Integrity
very seriously. The Athletics Complaince Office works to identify and reduce areas of
risk within the athletic program. The two main functions of the compliance office are
to educate and monitor. The compliance staff meets with and disseminates information to coaches and student-athletes, and monitors functions of the athletic department that are governed by NCAA and Big Ten Conference legislation. In 2007–08, 946
rule interpretations were provided by the compliance staff to athletic department staff
members. Oversight structures of the department include the Athletic Board,57 a shared
governance committee with representatives from the faculty, academic staff, student
athletes, and alumni; and the Student-Athlete Advisory Committee, which provides a
link of communication between student-athletes and the athletics department. In 2009,
the institution will go through reaccreditation with the NCAA in a process somewhat
similar to the process for reaccreditation with the Higher Learning Commission.
In 1988, UW–Madison established a trademark licensing58 program to protect and
promote the use of its indicia (logos, names, and marks). This program is currently
administered under the Office of the Chancellor. The Collegiate Licensing Company
(CLC) has been the university’s licensing agent since 1988. It oversees the use of trademarks on apparel and other merchandise. The university has licensing agreements with
approximately 500 companies. The university trademark licensing program has generated more than $22 million in revenues since 1988.
UW–Madison has been a leader among colleges and universities working to curb sweatshop abuses in licensed-apparel manufacturing.59 Merchandise with the university’s logo
is made in approximately 3,300 factories in 47 countries worldwide.
As part of university standards, brands and suppliers are required to adhere to a code of
conduct. The code addresses workers’ wages, working hours, overtime compensation,
child labor, forced labor, health and safety, nondiscrimination, harassment or abuse,
women’s rights, freedom of association, and full public disclosure of factory locations. If
violations occur, a licensee has the opportunity to correct the problem or have its relationship with the university terminated.
The office of International Student Services60 has responsibility for certification of
all international student visas, in compliance with Department of Homeland Security
regulations.
1e.ii. Academic accountability
Accountability reports to the UW System Administration,61 including institutional
reports,62 provide measures of progress in four areas: provide access to higher education for the citizens of Wisconsin; provide academic support services that facilitate
Mission and Integrity
academic success; provide a campus environment that fosters learning and personal
growth; and utilize resources in an efficient and effective manner. These reports evidence the desire to operate with transparency and inform the public about the functions and contributions of the UW System institutions.
The Offices of the Dean of Students oversees the student academic and nonacademic
code of conduct.63 In the Undergraduate Catalog, students see a statement about
Academic Integrity with a link to rules regarding academic integrity64 and they also see
a statement of student rights and responsibilities,65 as follows:
Every member of the University of Wisconsin–Madison community has the right
to expect to conduct his or her academic and social life in an environment free
from threats, danger, harassment, or other disruption. Chapter 17, a part of the
Wisconsin Administrative Code, is the document that describes student nonacademic misconduct. Chapter 17 defines conduct that is subject to discipline by
the university because it causes harm either to another member of the university
community or to the university itself. It also describes the penalties that may be
imposed and the procedures for carrying out disciplinary action. Due process
for students accused of misconduct is an important part of the procedures. The
complete text of Chapter 17 is available online,66 or contact the on-call dean in
Student Advocacy and Judicial Affairs, 608/263–5700, Room 75 Bascom Hall.
No student may be denied admission to, participation in or the benefits of, or discriminated against in any service, program, course or facility of the [UW] system
or its institutions or centers because of the student’s race, color, creed, religion,
sex, national origin, disability, ancestry, age, sexual orientation, pregnancy, marital
status or parental status.
Students are informed at Student Orientation, Advising and Registration (SOAR)67
sessions that there is a grievance procedure, and may seek assistance from the Offices
of the Dean of Students.
The University of Wisconsin–Madison sets minimum standards that must be met
by all students pursuing an undergraduate degree. Many departments and programs have requirements that exceed these basic requirements. It is important
that students become familiar with the specific requirements of the colleges and
individual departments and programs. . . . Requirements may vary among the
schools and colleges.
From the Undergraduate Catalog68
1e.iii. Integrity and accountability for faculty and staff
Faculty Policies and Procedures outlines the procedures for Divisional Committees, which
oversee the tenure process for faculty at UW–Madison. The UW–Madison has four faculty
divisions (biological sciences, physical sciences, social studies, and arts and humanities).69 Tenure guidelines for each division are clearly posted for each division on the Web
site of the Secretary of the Faculty.70
Policies pertaining to the performance of duties of faculty and staff include the Faculty
Policies and Procedures71 and the Academic Staff Policies and Procedures.72 Both documents set forth broad expectations for conduct, and articulate procedures for handling
complaints and allegations, including allegations of scholarly and nonscholarly misconduct. Most classified staff are members of unions and have contracts with agreed-upon
language regarding peformance and grievance procedures.
Even though formal policies articulate the broad parameters of behavior, there is concern
that the campus climate is less than welcoming to all of its members. As described
in greater detail in Criterion 2, a Campus Climate Network Group was convened in
2001 to work on improving the climate on campus. The Institutional Integrity special
emphasis team report describes many of the concerns raised over the years, and proposes a vision for how the university should act that is consistent with our values and our
ethnical responsibilities. Criterion 4d contains additional information regarding policies
and administrative units that help ensure the integrity of practices.
27
28
Mission and Integrity
Summary of Evidence
The university operates with integrity and fulfills its mission through a variety of structures and processes. The mission statement of the institution is clearly stated and publicly available. As a public institution, the core value of service to the state is evidenced
in the support for the Wisconsin Idea Project and the Wisconsin Experience framework,
which gives students a rubric for taking part in an array of opportunities available to
them as undergraduates at UW–Madison.
The institution’s mission clearly states its commitment to serving the diversity of learners
in society, and evidence of meeting this mission is found in the institution’s efforts over
the last decade through the UW System Plan 2008 initiative and other activities.
Evidence of understanding of and support for the mission is found throughout the
institution. It includes clear linkages between the various campus units’ strategic plans
and the institution’s strategic plan. The coupling of the reaccreditation self-studies with
strategic planning ensures that there is a high level of engagement in the planning
process.
The administrative structures of the institution are well-established and provide ample
opportunities for collaboration and activities to advance the institution’s mission. The
shared governance structure on the UW–Madison campus, coupled with strong academic leadership through school and college academic planning councils, ensures the
participation of major campus constituents in planning and administration of the academic and other aspects of the institution.
Finally, evidence of the institution’s commitment to uphold and protect its integrity
is found in the structure of policies and guidelines; administrative units that support
faculty, staff, and students who find themselves in need of assistance; and through the
existence of offices such as Internal Audit, which helps ensure compliance and good
record-keeping practices.
Mission and Integrity
Future Challenges and Areas for Improvement
• C
ontinue to engage campus community members in processes that will deepen
their understanding of and connection to the campus strategic framework and
create greater alignment. Ensure that assessment of outcomes continues to be an
integral part of the planning process.
• M
aintain efforts to enhance the diversity of the student body, and serve those
students well.
• C
ontinue to evaluate and support administrative units and action that protect
the integrity of the institution.
Notes
1.www.chancellor.wisc.edu/strategicplan.old/es-web.html
2.www.wisc.edu/about/administration/mission.php
3.Ibid.
4.See, for example, the Undergraduate Admissions “Academics,”
www.admissions.wisc.edu/academics.php, and the Graduate School’s mission statement,
http://info.gradsch.wisc.edu/aboutus/mission.html
5.www.cals.wisc.edu/about
6.www.wisc.edu/students/about/mission.htm
7.www.engr.wisc.edu/news/strategic_plan.html
8.www.ohrd.wisc.edu/home/Default.aspx?tabid=135
9.www.nelson.wisc.edu/about/mission.htm
10.http://info.gradsch.wisc.edu/aboutus/mission.html
11.www.ls.wisc.edu/handbook/ChapterOne/chapter1–1.htm
12.www.med.wisc.edu/about/mvsp.php
13.www.pharmacy.wisc.edu/about/mission.cfm
14.www.wisconsinidea.wisc.edu
15.Introduction to Academic Freedom on Trial. Edited by W. Lee Hansen. (Madison, WI: Office of
University Publications, 1998), p. 3.
16.www.news.wisc.edu/12709
17.www.secfac.wisc.edu/SiftAndWinnow.htm
18.www.finaid.wisc.edu
19.www.mcburney.wisc.edu
20.www.wisc.edu/lgbt
21.http://iss.wisc.edu
22.www.dcs.wisc.edu
23.www.chancellor.wisc.edu/vision
24.www.provost.wisc.edu/reaccreditation
25.www.news.wisc.edu/tomorrow
26.www.chancellor.wisc.edu/strategicplan
27.Ibid.
28.www.chancellor.wisc.edu/strategicplan.old/progress.html
29.www.chancellor.wisc.edu/strategicplan.old/areasOfFocus
30.www.uwsa.edu/opar/accountability/achieve08/iae0708.pdf
31.www.quality.wisc.edu
32.http://oqi.wisc.edu/resourcelibrary/uploads/resources/Strategic%20Planning%20Model.pdf
33.www.oqi.wisc.edu/showcase
34.www.uwsa.edu/bor
35.http://nxt.legis.state.wi.us/nxt/gateway.dll?f=templates&fn=default.htm&d=stats&jd=ch.%2036
36.www.uwsa.edu
37.www.wisc.edu/about/administration/leadershipGovernance.php
29
30
Mission and Integrity
38.At press time, the search to fill this vice chancellor position is under way.
39.www.secfac.wisc.edu/senate/index.htm
40.http://acstaff.wisc.edu/asa.html
41.www.asm.wisc.edu
42.www.cncs.wisc.edu
43.www.secfac.wisc.edu/committees/CommitteesList.asp
44.www.secfac.wisc.edu/governance/FPP/Chapter_6.htm
45.http://apa.wisc.edu/uapc.html
46.http://apa.wisc.edu/acad_plng.html
47.www2.fpm.wisc.edu/capbudg/CampusPlanningCommittee/CPMAINPAGE.html
48.www.secfac.wisc.edu/committees
49.http://archives.library.wisc.edu/RM/rechome.htm
50.www.oed.wisc.edu
51.http://eao.wisc.edu
52.www.ombuds.wisc.edu
53.www.wisc.edu/students
54.http://legal.wisc.edu
55.www.bussvc.wisc.edu/intaudit/intaudit.html
56.www.uwbadgers.com
57.www.uwbadgers.com/athdept/board/index_254.html
58.www.wisc.edu/licensing
59.www.news.wisc.edu/laborlicensing/
60.http://iss.wisc.edu
61.www.uwsa.edu/opar/reports
62.www.uwsa.edu/opar/accountability/index.htm
63.www.wisc.edu/students/saja/misconduct/misconduct.html
64.www.wisc.edu/students/saja/misconduct/UWS14.html
65.www.wisc.edu/pubs/ug/rules.html
66.www.wisc.edu/students/saja/misconduct/UWS17.html
67.www.newstudent.wisc.edu/soar
68.www.wisc.edu/pubs/ug/study.html
69.www.secfac.wisc.edu/governance/FPP/Chapter_4.htm
70.www.secfac.wisc.edu/divcomm/index.htm
71.www.secfac.wisc.edu/governance/FPP/Chapter_8.htm
72. http://acstaff.wisc.edu/doc.html
Preparing for the Future
31
Criterion Two:
Preparing for the Future
2. The organization’s allocation of resources and its processes
for evaluation and planning demonstrate its capacity to fulfill
its mission, improve the quality of its education, and respond
to future challenges and opportunities.
UW–Madison has a long history of planning and has benefited from the wisdom, expertise, and foresight of many talented leaders who have managed the institution in such
a way that today, with the contributions of outstanding faculty and staff, and a student
body that is first-rate, UW–Madison is one of the premier public research universities in
the world.
This past decade may well be most remembered in the university’s history books as
a decade of significant investment in the physical infrastructure of the campus. Such
investments in the infrastructure are necessary, and will help the institution continue its
tradition of cutting-edge research and development, and continue its contributions to
the arts and humanities. In addition to the support from the State of Wisconsin and the
numerous grants received annually, the institution benefits from the generous support
of its alumni and other donors. The new facilities and a number of important initiatives
under way could not have emerged without the generous support from those who
understand the value of the education that Wisconsin provides and who are willing to
step in and provide the margin of excellence.
2a. The organization realistically prepares for a future shaped by multiple
societal and economic trends.
UW–Madison leaders, faculty, and staff are engaged in national and international higher
education organizations and debates that help the institution prepare for changes in
higher education. Members of the campus community are involved in planning and
activities to ensure that the university is as prepared as possible to face emerging challenges in higher education, especially those related to decreases or flat funding from the
state. Chancellor John D. Wiley’s leadership and vision (2001–08) resulted in a number
of new initiatives that are helping UW–Madison prepare for changes in the landscape of
higher education here and abroad.
Included in this section are examples of future-looking collaborations, details regarding
the university’s efforts to understand and plan for demographic and environmental
changes that impact the enrollment of students, and information on efforts to recruit
Our students cannot get an adequate
education or prepare themselves for
the 21st century, nor can our faculty
and staff do their most creative work
unless they’re working and also playing with people from every conceivable background with different points
of view. To attract and keep faculty,
staff and students from underrepresented groups, the university has to
create an environment that defines
excellence as dependent on diversity.
There is no way to succeed in diversifying this university unless we begin
to knit appreciation for diversity and
excitement about its benefits into the
fabric of everything we do, making
ourselves and our students nothing
more and nothing less than alive to
the realities of the world.
Chancellor Carolyn “Biddy” Martin
On Wisconsin event, October 2008
32
Preparing for the Future
and retain outstanding faculty and staff. This section concludes with information about
how the university has addressed the challenge of diversifying campus and becoming a
more welcoming place for all.
2a.i. Participation at the national and regional levels
The examples below evidence the institution’s efforts to be prepared for a future as a
public research university by engaging in collaborative, multi-institutional networks.
UW–Madison is a founding member of the Committee on Institutional Cooperation
(CIC),1 which began in 1957. The CIC is a consortium of twelve research universities,
including the eleven members of the Big Ten Conference and the University of Chicago.
The CIC is guided by the provosts of the member universities. Together, CIC universities strive to expand learning opportunities by sharing unique course offerings, research
facilities, and online course development and curricula. From the oldest CIC program
(Traveling Scholar) to the newest (CourseShare), these activities allow member universities
to share resources and facilities, while enhancing access and opportunity for students.
Participation in the CIC helps UW–Madison stay on the forefront of research and teaching
with initiatives such as the Shared Digital Repository (SDR), a resource that will provide
students, faculty, and staff with seamless, secure access to an online library containing
digitized versions of legacy print collections. The SDR will also serve as a foundation
for further collective development of strategies for archiving and disseminating other
formats such as newspapers, maps, audio/video files, and other more obscure research
materials.2 The CIC assists the institution in preparing for the future by helping reduce
costs through a purchasing consortium. Each institution saved as much as $500,000 per
quarter on research and laboratory supplies as a result of its purchasing consortium.
The Worldwide Universities Network (WUN),3 a consortium of sixteen large research
universities, fosters collaboration among its members to advance knowledge and understanding on issues of global concern. UW–Madison was a founding member of WUN
in 2000 under former Chancellor David Ward. Chancellor John D. Wiley described
WUN as “an exciting international network of research universities that are tackling
major research challenges and delivering instruction in areas that no one member could
address alone. WUN is helping to keep UW–Madison and Wisconsin at leading edges of
research and teaching.”
WUN is flexible, allowing members to leverage their own resources and draw on those
of WUN partners to advance these objectives in a variety of ways. At UW–Madison,
WUN “seed grants” support a variety of collaborations involving at least two non–US
WUN partners. Outputs include new joint proposals for extramural funding, strengthened international partnerships, research publications and presentations, new online
resources, and innovative educational opportunities. Between 2005 and 2008, more
than fifty UW–Madison faculty and staff members participated in WUN-related activities
and seventeen led research collaborations with WUN partners, yielding more than thirty
publications or conference presentations on WUN projects. UW–Madison’s investment
of $243,000 has yielded approximately $1,221,452 in extramural funding for projects
that directly benefit the university.
The Wisconsin Center for the Advancement of Postsecondary Education (WISCAPE),4
established in 2001 at UW–Madison, brings together scholars, students, and leaders
from within the university, local and state government, and the private sector, to study
and propose solutions to the challenges confronting postsecondary education. The
center is housed in the School of Education. WISCAPE conducts and supports research
projects, sponsors public programs, produces and distributes publications, and fosters
communication among key stakeholders.
The university uses these and other collaborative opportunities to save resources, connect
with other institutions to take on major research projects, and prepare for the future by
conducting in-depth research into the challenges facing higher education today.
Preparing for the Future
2a.ii. student enrollment
After tremendous growth in enrollments during the middle of the twentieth century,
student enrollments have remained fairly steady over the last decade or so as a result of
planning and enrollment target-setting (figure 4).
50,000
45,000
Students Enrolled
40,000
Total
35,000
30,000
25,000
Men
20,000
Women
15,000
10,000
5,000
0
1888
1897
1906
1915
1924
1933
1942
1951
1960
1969
1978
1987
1996
2005
Year
Figure 4. Total student enrollment from 1888 through 2007. Source: 2007–08 Data Digest, p. 1
The Division of Enrollment Management5 (see Criterion 3d) plays an important role
in academic and student services by integrating information and decision-making processes and facilitating collaborations along the enrollment continuum from prospective
student through alumnus. Organizationally, the vice provost for enrollment management oversees the Office of the Registrar, Undergraduate Admissions, and the Office
of Student Financial Aid, as well as the Integrated Student Information System. The
division prepares the institution for the future by producing detailed reports that inform
decision-making, including enrollment reports by minority status, degrees awarded by
diversity and gender, cumulative degrees granted, and course credits by department.6
Annually, the vice provost for enrollment management meets with the chancellor,
provost, director of admissions, and other administrative leaders to discuss and propose
undergraduate enrollment targets, mediated mostly by adjusting the size of the new
freshman class, taking into consideration graduation rates, student diversity, academic
program capacities, ratio of Wisconsin to out-of-state students, on-campus housing
availability, and other factors. This type of enrollment management helps ensure that
the institution is prepared to meet the needs of the students it enrolls.
The Office of Academic Planning and Analysis (APA),7 reporting to the provost, conducts institutional research and provides critical planning and decision-making information regarding student enrollment. Some examples of analyses conducted by APA
regarding students include:
• P
rojections of WI High School Graduates and Implications for UW–Madison Admissions (2003),8 a study of the high-school pipeline, by race/ethnicity, and an
analysis and discussion of the implications for UW–Madison undergraduate
admissions.
• A
First Look at First-Generation College Students at UW–Madison (February,
2008).9
• A
verage Time to Masters and Doctoral Degrees by Major10—updated to include
trends by field of study (biological science, physical science, humanities, social
studies).
UW–Madison initiated efforts early in the current decade to increase collaboration
among UW System institutions in order to increase access and degree completion. As
an example of collaboration, in recent years UW–Madison has made a concerted effort
to collaborate with UW System institutions and other two-year schools throughout the
state to increase access to UW–Madison. An innovative dual admission program, called
the UW–Madison Connections Program11 and the new transfer agreements with technical colleges and a tribal college in Wisconsin, aim to increase the number of students
33
34
Preparing for the Future
who graduate with a degree from UW–Madison but start their course work at a partner
institution (see Criterion 5c).
2a.iii. Faculty and staff recruitment and retention
The institution attracts and has managed to retain many outstanding individuals who
contribute to its mission of teaching, research and discovery, and service. Like many
public research institutions, however, UW–Madison faces the challenge of recruiting
and retaining faculty and staff at a time when state funding for higher education is
decreasing and private institutions with much larger endowments are able to make
salary and start-up offers that far exceed what UW–Madison can offer. Campus leaders
spend significant time and energy studying the issue, working to find new resources,
and making counteroffers and preemptive offers in order to retain excellent faculty and
staff. The vice provost for faculty and staff is actively engaged in a number of initiatives
to enhance the recruitment and retention of faculty.
UW–Madison also has been active in promoting the university’s strengths to prospective
faculty hires, including its strong tradition and support for interdisciplinary scholarship
and collaboration, its generous health and retirement benefits, and efforts to accommodate dual-career couples12 through a fund and personal assistance in finding employment at UW–Madison or in the surrounding areas.
One area that is becoming increasingly important is comparative data showing
UW–Madison faculty salaries in contrast to those of peer institutions (table 5). Campus
leaders use this information, disaggregated by rank, to help determine priorities for
budget requests and allocation of available funds for salaries.
UW–Madison faculty members need a 9.8 percent salary increase to bring them to the
median of their peer group (figure 5).13
Analysis of faculty and staff by gender and ethnicity shows that UW–Madison has
increased its percentage of women and minorities on the faculty. Since 1998, the percentage of women on the faculty has increased from 22 to 29 percent; about 42 percent
of assistant professors are women. The number of faculty has increased for each major
ethnic minority group since 1998; however, the number of Black/African American
Table 5. Average Faculty Salaries by Professorial Rank, 2006–07 (based on UW–Madison’s Official Faculty Salary Peer Group)
Full Professor
University
Associate Professor
Assistant Professor
Avg. Salary
Rank
Avg. Salary
Rank
Avg. Salary
Rank
University of California-Los Angeles
University of California-Berkeley
University of Michigan-Ann Arbor
University of Texas-Austin
University of Illinois-Urbana
Ohio State University
University of Minnesota-Minneapolis
Michigan State University
Indiana University-Bloomington
University of Washington-Seattle
Purdue University
University of Wisconsin-Madison
133,212
131,265
130,444
121,196
120,925
117,173
116,596
110,233
109,047
108,921
107,564
103,543
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
84,224
86,809
86,554
78,330
79,546
76,937
80,560
79,158
75,055
77,151
74,820
78,112
3
1
2
7
5
10
4
6
11
9
12
8
72,057
76,166
74,953
75,149
71,686
69,383
69,429
61,834
66,006
70,900
66,802
66,014
4
1
3
2
5
8
7
12
11
6
9
10
Peer Group Median (w/o UW-Madison)
117,173
79,158
70,900
13.2%
1.3%
7.4%
Percent Increase Needed to Reach Median
Source: American Association of University Professors (AAUP) annual salary survey. Faculty members employed on 12-month contracts
are included, but their salaries have been converted to 9-month rates. Medical schools are excluded. The average salaries reported to the
AAUP by all institutions are affected by several factors, including faculty turnover and promotions, and individual salary adjustments for
promotion, competitive market, or equity, in addition to the institution's announced annual increases. UW-Madison's peer group for purposes
of salary comparisons was established by The Governor's Commission on Faculty Compensation in 1984.
Source: 2007–08 Data Digest, p. 35.
Preparing for the Future
-5
Peer Group Median
Percent Increase Needed
0
-0.5
0.4
1.8
0.5
1.1
1.7
2.6
2.9
5
4.0
4.2
4.4
6.0
4.7
5.8
6.1
6.0
6.1
6.9
10
3.9
4.2
4.9
5.6
2.5
2.8
2.7
7.5
7.5
7.4
7.2
7.3
9.8
8.8
8.8
10.2
12.9
15
14.1
73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08
Fiscal Year
Figure 5. UW–Madison faculty salary deficit: pay increase needed to bring faculty salaries to the peer group median.
Source: Academic Planning and Analysis, April 2008
faculty has declined slightly since 2001.14 Further details regarding UW–Madison’s
efforts to recruit and retain faculty and staff diversity can be found in Criterion 4 and in
the Building Community special emphasis report.
In the last two biennia, UW–Madison received state funds specifically allocated for faculty
retention. Although these limited and targeted funds did not close the salary gap overall,
the additional funds helped chairs and deans counter outside offers and make some preemptive salary-base adjustments to signify the university’s commitment to faculty.
In the College of Letters and Science, a recent, generous gift made possible the establishment of a Faculty Fellows15 program that uses private support to create five-year
supplemental financial packages for deserving faculty members who received tenure
not more than ten years prior. The goal is to retain these faculty members, recognizing
that they are often targets for hiring elsewhere at this point in their careers.
The institution recognizes that tenure policies and practices play an important role in
faculty recruitment and retention. In fall of 2008, the vice provost for faculty and staff
convened the Tenure Conversations Group to explore ways in which the institution’s
tenure-track culture works well, and ways in which it may be improved. This group will
interview individuals, study data and policies, and make recommendations some time
in spring 2009.
2a.iv. Focus on diversity in preparation for the future
The 1999 institutional reaccreditation site-team report observed the need for the university to keep diversity concerns high on the priority list for the future. Commitment to
increasing diversity and enhancing the campus climate for all members of the community
has been a concern and a high priority for the campus. When Chancellor John D. Wiley
selected a new provost and vice chancellor for academic affairs in 2001, he directed the
provost to convene the Campus Climate Network Group (CCNG) and make diversity
and campus climate one of his highest priorities (see figures 6–10). UW–Madison views
the concept of diversity very broadly, beyond racial and ethnic identity (see Criterion 1).
The CCNG membership included representatives of major climate-related programs and
initiatives already active across campus. The group identified five key areas of activity to
serve as a guide for developing a framework for a better campus climate:
35
36
Preparing for the Future
University of Wisconsin
System Plan 2008
Goal 1
Increase the number of Wisconsin
high school graduates of color
who apply, are accepted, and
enroll at UW System institutions.
Goal 2
Encourage partnerships that
build the educational pipeline
by reaching children and their
parents at an earlier age.
Goal 3
Close the gap in educational
achievement, by bringing retention and graduation rates for
students of color in line with those
of the student body as a whole.
Goal 4
Increase the amount of financial
aid available to needy students
and reduce their reliance on loans.
Goal 5
Increase the number of faculty,
academic staff, classified staff and
administrators of color, so that
they are represented in the UW
System workforce in proportion to
their current availability in relevant
job pools. In addition, work to
increase their future availability as
potential employees.
Goal 6
Foster institutional environments
and course development that
enhance learning and a respect for
racial and ethnic diversity.
Goal 7
Improve accountability of the UW
System and its institutions.
• listen and assess progress
• leadership
• training and professional development
• concrete programs
• communication
The CCNG hosted a number of “Days of Listening and Discovery” to help develop a
collective understanding of campus concerns. Network meetings were established to
bring together directors of programs in order to better coordinate activities. Women
in Science & Engineering Leadership Institute (WISELI) climate surveys for departments
were designed to address concerns regarding unwelcoming climate for women in STEM
(science, technology, engineering, and math). The initiative raised awareness of the
concerns and served as an important catalyst for discussion and action by groups such
as the committees on academic staff issues and the Equity and Diversity committees in
various schools and colleges.
The university’s diversity efforts reflect the institution’s decentralized culture: many
important and successful initiatives are managed through the schools and colleges. The
university receives what is known as “402 Minority/Disadvantaged” funds from the State
of Wisconsin, which are specially dedicated for diversity initiatives. In many cases, deans
of schools and colleges use the 402 funds to support a “Multicultural/Disadvantaged
Coordinator” who often serves as an academic advisor to students of color and students
who are “first generation to college,” and helps coordinate programming to enhance
diversity recruiting and retention.
In addition to 402 funding, the university is investing significantly in other initiatives
designed to enhance diversity and ensure that the campus serves the diverse communities throughout Wisconsin, and that it attracts and retains outstanding faculty and
staff of color. The vice provost for diversity and climate’s Web page16 and the Creating
Community Web site17 provide links to the numerous initiatives and programs that
ensure the institution’s commitment to diversity.
Diversity Plan 2008
In 1998, the UW System implemented a diversity plan called Plan 2008,18 which set
forth goals for increasing diversity and enhancing climate. This plan followed two previous diversity plans implemented by UW–Madison. Although Plan 2008 focused somewhat narrowly on racial and ethnic diversity, there is widespread recognition that future
plans must be more inclusive of additional aspects of diversity.
At an annual forum, people from the community and campus come together to celebrate and examine progress on the diversity goals embedded in Plan 2008. Among
the many presentations is an annual quantitatively based progress report on the goals.19
Annually produced graphs demonstrate the progress made in the areas of recruitment
of underrepresented undergraduate students, and that the retention rates for these students is improving (see figures 6–8). In addition, the numbers demonstrate that the
institution is making progress toward its goal of increasing the gender and racial/ethnic
diversity of its faculty and staff (see figures 9–11). The Diversity Ovesight Committee
continues to raise concerns about progress toward the institution’s Plan 2008 goals.
With respect to Goal 3, which addresses the gap in educational achievement, graduation rates for all students have increased steadily over the past few decades; for the
students who entered in fall 2002 (the most recent cohort with six years to graduate),
the graduation rate is 82.3 percent. The achievement gap (the difference in the rate at
which minority students graduate compared with other students), which has held at
about 20 percentage points over the past two decades despite improvements for all
students, finally shows signs of closing. For the 2002 cohort, targeted minority students
graduated at a rate of 67.5 percent, which is about 15 percentage points behind all
students. Progress is slow and efforts to close the achievement gap through programs
that support all students will continue to be a priority.
At the midpoint of implementing Plan 2008, in 2003, the institution brought in external
consultants to review the plan; study the organizational structure, current initiatives and
Preparing for the Future
Figure 6. Minorities as a percent of undergraduate students, 1998–2007
Source: Plan 2008 Diversity Forum Report. http://apa.wisc.edu/Diversity/
Figure 7. Trend in first-year retention rate for all students and targeted minority students.
Source: Academic Planning and Analysis, 2008
Figure 8. Six-year graduation rate for all students and targeted minority students.
Source: Academic Planning and Analysis, 2008
budget; and provide recommendations to the campus. This midpoint check identified
the need for UW–Madison to (1) tell its story regarding diversity and equity issues more
broadly, (2) look at ways to amplify efforts by making more strategic investments into
campus diversity initiative, and (3) develop a strategy to achieve enhanced coordination
and integration of activities currently under way.
Also in early 2003, the provost created a new position of vice provost for diversity and
climate. This position was designed to provide more centralized coordination of efforts
across campus and enhance communication among the numerous diversity and climaterelated initiatives on campus. The institution, even prior to the submission of the report
of the mid-point evaluation of Plan 2008, had recognized the need to identify a point
37
Preparing for the Future
18
Black
Asian
Hispanic
Native American
Percent
15
12
9
6
3
0
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
Figure 9. Minority faculty as a percent of the total faculty headcount, 1998–2007.
Source: Plan 2008 Diversity Forum
Report, http://apa.wisc.edu/Diversity/10_Goal5_FacStaffAdmin_08.pdf
Minority
Executive/Administrative Staff
as a Percent of the Total Exec/Admin Headcount
18
15
12
Percent
38
9
6
3
Academic Staff
0
1998
1999
2000
2001
Faculty
2002
2003
Classified Staff
2004
2005
2006
2007
Figure 10. Minorities as a percent of faculty and staff, 1999–2007
Source: Data Digest 2007–08
50%
40%
30%
20%
10%
Professor
0%
1998
1999
2000
2001
Associate
2002
Figure 11. Women as Percent of Faculty and Staff
Source: Academic Planning & Analysis, 2008
2003
Assistant
2004
2005
2006
2007
Preparing for the Future
person on diversity and related matters. The first vice provost in this position was a faculty
member, and her position was a 75 percent administrative position, with the remaining
25 percent faculty duties. When she retired, the provost changed the position to full-time
and conducted a national search. A nationally recognized expert on diversity was hired
in this position on August 1, 2008, and was designated as the campus’s chief diversity
officer. As such, he has campuswide responsibility to coordinate, engage, prioritize, and
ehance our diversity capabilities. His position encompasses the range of diversity dimensions, including race, ethnicity, gender, socioeconomic status, nationality, sexuality, and
other evolving aspects of the concept of diversity.
Efforts in the area of diversity and climate are numerous and ongoing. The Multicultural
Student Center, for example, recently celebrated its twentieth anniversary and is actively
reviewing its role in supporting diversity, and multicultural and social justice education.
The Offices of the Dean of Students recently hired a new assistant dean for student veterans in fall 2008 to better serve that segment of the student population and to prepare
for additional student veterans.
The campus is at an exciting point in time, with the conclusion of the formal Plan
2008 initiative creating opportunities for each UW System campus to embed its diversity
goals into existing campus plans and strategies. Plans are under way to continue using
some of the measures used in Plan 2008 accounting; however, the emphasis will be on
expanding definitions of diversity and inclusion, and focusing on ways that each institution incorporates diversity priorities into existing institutional strategies.
Selected Campus Diversity Initiatives
A number of specific campus initiatives to increase diversity deserve mention here. On
the faculty side, the Faculty Strategic Hiring Initiative20 utilizes a fund of $1 million
allocated annually to assist in high-priority faculty hires. The funds are available for
recruitment and retention for targeted minority hires, defined as Hispanic, American
Indian, Alaskan Native, Black, Asian, and Pacific Islander (in areas where they are underrepresented); the recruitment or retention of women in areas where they are underrepresented; and for the recruitment and retention of dual-career couples (with priority
given to dual-career hires that will contribute to faculty diversity). Postdoctoral fellowship funds also are available. The funds are generally used as bridge funding.
In 2002, the university received a National Science Foundation ADVANCE grant titled
Women in Science & Engineering Leadership Institute.21 WISELI initiatives include:
research and evaluation on topics pertaining to women’s advancement; climate workshops for department chairs (that include climate surveys of department members);
workshops on lab management; training for search and screen committees; celebrating
women in science grants (which provide funds to departments wishing to diversify
their brown-bag seminars); a seminar series; and the Vilas Life Cycle Professorships (see
also Criterion 4c and the Building Community special emphasis report). The Vilas Life
Cycle Professorships22 support faculty and academic staff, with permanent principal
investigator status, who “are at critical junctures in their professional careers and whose
research productivity has been directly affected by personal life events (e.g., illness of a
dependent, parent, spouse/partner, or oneself; complications from childbirth; combination of major life events).” This program is one of only a handful of such programs in
the country, and in 2006 was recognized by the Sloan Foundation/American Council on
Education through the Faculty Career Flexibility award.
Schools and colleges have in place many successful initiatives designed to increase the
pool of talented students who apply to college, and improve the retention of students
once they come to campus. One example of a successful program at the graduate level is
the Graduate Engineering Research Scholars (GERS) program.23 Designed to increase
the number of minority engineering graduate student degree recipients, this program
started in 2000 with a first cohort of 14 incoming students. The program focuses on
retaining minority graduate students by providing a sense of community, eliminating
the sense of isolation that underrepresented students often feel, and creating meaningful interactions with faculty. Eight years later, 20 GERS students have obtained PhDs,
and 38 have graduated with master’s degrees. Currently, nearly 50 students are involved
in the program. Before GERS, only 9 graduate students of color were enrolled in the
39
40
Preparing for the Future
College of Engineering. In a 2005 survey from the National Opinion Research Center,
UW–Madison tied for third for the highest number of female underrepresented minority
doctorate recipients in engineering.24
At the undergraduate level, UW–Madison is now in its sixth year of participation in
the national Posse Foundation program,25 which creates small cohorts or “posses”
of diverse students who are selected based on their leadership talent, ability to work
in teams, and their potential for success. With posses from Chicago and Los Angeles,
UW–Madison was the first major research university to launch this program, and the
institution has awarded approximately 125 merit scholarships to Posse students. The
program is administered through the School of Education. These and other precollege
programs help the institution meet its goals of serving students from diverse and broad
backgrounds from Wisconsin and beyond.
Studies of the pipeline of high school graduates in Wisconsin have allowed us to
evaluate how well we have done with recruiting, especially among targeted minority
populations, and to plan for the future. Recent Wisconsin high school graduates are the
dominant source of students for the undergraduate class. Over the past decade, the
number of minority students graduating from high school in Wisconsin increased by
almost 4,000, but the number who are academically well-prepared for UW–Madison
increased by fewer than 100. So despite the relatively stable in-state minority recruiting
pool—approximately 630 students statewide—the proportion of those students who
apply to and subsequently enroll at UW–Madison has increased dramatically. Over the
next decade, the total size of the high school graduating class is expected to decrease
about 8 percent to an estimated 63,000. The fraction of the high school graduating
class that is minority students is expected to increase, mostly due to an increase in
Hispanic/Latino(a) students. However, if long-standing patterns of academic preparation continue, the number of academically well-prepared minority students will still not
exceed 1,000 by 2018. (See Criterion 5c. for more on precollege initiatives.)
National studies reveal that first-generation students—students whose parents did
not attend college—are educationally disadvantaged. Since 2005, UW–Madison asks
students about the level of education achieved by their parents on the application for
admission. Analysis of new undergraduates who enrolled since fall 2006 shows that firstgeneration students are 21 percent of new first-year students and 33 percent of new
transfer students. First-generation first-year students are similar to their peers whose
parents graduated from college in terms of academic preparation in high school. They
have slightly lower ACT scores and are less likely to have taken Advanced Placement
(AP) tests. They have similar high school GPAs, and similar math and science coursetaking patterns. First-generation students are more likely than other students to enter
UW–Madison by transferring, to be from a racial/ethnic minority group, be a Wisconsin
resident, qualify for Pell Grants and other need-based financial aid, and intend to major
in a science field. The university will continue to monitor the success of first-generation
students with the intention of better understanding factors that influence their academic success and, if necessary, implementing remedies for barriers that may negatively
impact their progress.26
2b. The organization’s resource base supports its educational programs
and its plans for maintaining and strengthening their quality in the
future.
2b.i. General campus budget information
The university operates on an annual budget of $2,283,800,000 (2007–08). In constant (inflation-adjusted) dollars, the total university operating budget has increased by
almost 40 percent in the past decade. From 1998–99 to 2007–08, the total operating
budget grew from $1.3 billion to $2.3 billion, a 77 percent increase (figure 12). In constant 2007–08 dollars, the total operating budget was $1.6 billion in 1998–99 and $2.3
billion in 2007–08, a 39 percent increase. Sources of funds that make up the budget are
shown in figure 13.
As described in the Overview, the portion of the university budget supported by state
Preparing for the Future
$2,500
$2,000
Other
$1,500
Gifts, Grants,
Segregated Fees
Federal Programs
$1,000
Specific Purpose
$500
$0
$256.9
$259.8
$258.7
$271.3
$281.4
1995-96
1996-97
1997-98
1998-99
1999-00
$310.8
$308.5
$300.3
2000-01
2001-02
2002-03
$269.6
$259.6
$255.1
$267.0
$286.8
2003-04
2004-05
2005-06
2006-07
2007-08
tax dollars
General Program
tax dollars
Tuition
Figure 12. Operating budget by source of funds, 1995–2008.
Source: Points of Pride/Causes for Concern, 2007
Op. Receipts
3%
Auxiliaries
12%
Federal
29%
Gifts and Grants
19%
State Taxes Specifc Purpose
8%
State Taxes General
Program
13%
State Labs
1%
Tuition
15%
Figure 13. Source of funds for UW–Madison’s budget, 2008.
Source: 2007–08 Data Digest, p. 58
taxes has decreased from 34 percent in 1989–90 to 26 percent in 1999–2000 and to
20 percent in 2007–08. This is mostly because of growth in the total operating budget;
state tax support has been relatively flat over the past decade.
Budgeted state tax support has increased over the past decade in nominal dollars; it
has not kept pace with inflation. Excluding debt and utilities, in 1998–99, the budgeted
state tax support was $298.4 million. This increased to $329.6 million in 2007–08, a 10
percent increase in nominal dollars. In constant 2007–08 dollars, state tax support was
$379.6 million in 1998–99 and $329.6 million in 2007–08, a 13 percent decrease in
constant dollars.
State tax support together with tuition revenue comprise the pool of state operational
funds budgeted for instruction and related purposes. The sum of these budget amounts
(excluding debt and utilities) was $668.5 million in 2007–08, an 11 percent increase in
constant dollars compared to 1998–99.
Historically, institutional base budgeting at UW–Madison has been conducted on an incremental basis. The annual budget development process consists primarily of the allocation
of current year unclassified pay plan and allocation of the continuing costs of prior year(s)
classified pay plans. In the first year of a biennium, the allocation of unclassified pay plan
to schools and colleges is based on Phase I of the annual budget; in the second year of
the biennium, the allocation is based on the prior year October payroll. The allocation of a
classified pay plan is based on actual rate changes and funding for individual employees at
the time of the pay plan effective date. The central administration does not withhold any
amount of either unclassified or classified pay plan funding for “reallocation.”
In the annual budget process, new funding provided to the institution through the
UW System’s budget allocation from the state consists entirely of five categories of allocations: (1) unclassified and classified pay plans, (2) fringe-benefit increases, (3) new
funding for specific programs and initiatives authorized by a biennial budget, (4) budget
Of UW–Madison’s 16,255
employees, 8,548, or 53 percent, are paid from funds other
than state tax dollars or student
tuition. “That is primarily a result
of the research dollars our faculty
return to Wisconsin,” Dean of the
Graduate School Martin Cadwallader explains. “UW–Madison
is, in effect, a high-tech business
directly responsible for those
8,548 jobs, not to mention at
least that many jobs in the
Wisconsin economy supported by
our research expenditures.”27
UW–Madison news release,
November 8, 2007
41
42
Preparing for the Future
reductions if required, and (5) tuition-funded differential programs. UW–Madison does
not receive any allocation of new base funding for discretionary purposes as part of any
biennial or annual budget exercise.
From time to time, the institution will engage in reallocation exercises to internally fund
new programs and initiatives. This is the only method available to the institution to
generate discretionary base funds that can be directed to new programming. The most
recent example is an “overcut” in the 2003–04 budget reduction exercise that generated the 2003–05 Strategic Reinvestment Fund. In many budget-reduction years, reallocations are implemented through differential reductions by unit, whereby some units
may be exempted from reductions and other units subjected to greater than average
reductions. Although common, this technique does not generate new discretionary
base funding unless an “overcut” is employed. Other examples of reallocations include
a Program Development initiative, which the institution conducted as part of every
annual budget process from approximately 1974 through 1989. The exercise required
all units to annually lapse 1–2 percent of base funding back to a central account, which
was then available for potential reprogramming and/or reallocation.
The Data Digest28 provides up-to-date information on the campus budget, including
historic trends in gifts, grants and program revenue, state support for the university, and
tuition (see Data Digest, 2008, p. 65). The vice chancellor for administration’s Web page
provides more information about the UW–Madison budget.29
Campus leaders are engaged in discussions about undergraduate tuition within the
broader context of having adequate resources to fund ongoing and new initiatives.
UW–Madison has the second-lowest undergraduate, in-state tuition among the Big Ten.
The tuition it charges to out-of-state students, however, is significantly higher than resident tuition, but only slightly higher in the ranking of what other Big Ten institutions
charge out-of-state students (table 6).
Recently the Board of Regents approved differential tuition for undergraduate students
in the School of Business and the College of Engineering. Planning is under way to
increase the availability of need-based financial aid so that tuition could be increased to
the peer median without an adverse impact on students with lesser means. The “Great
people. Great place.” campaign (described in more detail later in this chapter) is a step
in this direction. Support for graduate students is discussed later in this chapter and also
in the Discovery and Learning special emphasis report.
Auxiliary Operations
Table 6. 2007-2008
Academic Year
Tuition and
Required
Fees&atRequired
Public Big Fees
Ten Universities,
Academic
Year
Tuition
at Public 2007–08
Big Ten
Undergraduate
Resident
University
Amount
Penn State University
Graduate
Non-Resident
Rank
Universities
Amount
Resident
Rank
Amount
Non-Resident
Rank
Amount
Rank
$12,844
1
$23,712
4
$14,508
2
$25,710
2
University of Illinois
11,130
2
25,216
2
11,216
4
24,056
5
University of Michigan
1
11,111
3
32,400
1
15,747
1
31,657
Michigan State University
9,912
4
23,714
3
10,330
5
20,440
7
University of Minnesota
9,598
5
21,228
9
11,388
3
18,486
10
Ohio State University
8,676
6
21,285
8
9,972
6
24,126
4
Indiana University
7,837
7
22,316
5
7,207
9
19,390
8
Purdue University
7,416
8
22,224
6
7,416
8
22,224
6
University of Wisconsin
7,188
9
21,438
7
9,642
7
24,913
3
University of Iowa
6,293
10
19,465
10
7,158
10
19,144
9
Average Excluding UW-Madison
Midpoint Excluding UW-Madison
UW-Madison Distance From the Midpoint
9,424
9,598
-2,410
23,507
22,316
-878
10,549
10,330
-688
22,804
22,224
2,689
Notes: All of the public Big Ten Universities assess additional fees, beyond those shown above, for undergraduates enrolled in specific academic programs, such as
engineering or buiness. Sources: AAUDE Survey of Academic Year Tuition & Required Fees at AAU Public Universities, and the University of Virginia Survey of Academic
Year Tuition & Required Fees.
Source: 2007–08 Data Digest
Preparing FOR
PREPARING
for THE
the FUTURE
Future
The annual budget for auxiliary operations at UW–Madison totals approximately $292
million. Major auxiliary operations include University Housing, University Health Services,
Wisconsin Union, Recreational Sports, Intercollegiate Athletics, student segregated fee
activities, and Transportation Services. There are also approximately 700 self-supporting
operations of various sizes found in every administrative and academic division. These
include internal service and academic support operations, activities in support of and
deriving from research and public service activities, and by-product operations of various
types.
The budget for each major auxiliary is developed through a process that involves division staff, oversight committees, and the vice chancellor for administration and his staff.
The oversight committees have either student or faculty majorities, depending on the
unit and services provided. A major focus of the budget process is balancing the need
for keeping fees and rates affordable while planning for needed program and facility
improvements for the future. Final approval of the annual auxiliary budgets and related
rates is the responsibility of the Board of Regents.
Budgeted segregated university fees generate approximately $33 million per year and
are received by the following units: Associated Students of Madison, General Student
Services Fund, ASM Bus Pass, University Health Services (UHS), Wisconsin Union,
Recreational Sports, Child Care Tuition Assistance, and Student Activities Center/UHS
facility debt service. Student government plays an integral role in allocating segregated
fee revenue, and this role in established in state statute and university policy.
2b.ii. Physical resources
The rapid growth of the campus in the 1960s and 1970s left the university with many
now-outmoded facilities, built at the time for special uses with an emphasis on economy
of construction rather than flexibility. During the last ten to fifteen years, UW–Madison
has built new buildings, replacing a number of obsolete and costly-to-maintain facilities;
restored and reused certain historic buildings; and expanded facilities for student services. The new buildings and renovated spaces increase the ability to engage in cuttingedge research and engage with students in learning environments that reflect new ways
of teaching and learning.
In the early 1990s, a new effort began with the State of Wisconsin and the university to
jointly commit to funding major facility-improvement initiatives. These funding initiatives allowed projects to occur with a more streamlined approach and solidified funding
over a longer period of time for a number of projects. The initiatives became known as
the “Star” programs: WisStar, HealthStar, and BioStar. The facilities resulting from these
programs have changed the face of the campus and are responsible for most of the new
space on campus since 1990. A total of nearly $2.5 million GSF has been added or will
be added in the next five years, including the following new buildings: Biochemistry,
Biotechnology/Genetics, Chemistry Addition, Engineering Centers Building, School of
Pharmacy Building, Health Sciences Learning Center and the Wisconsin Institute for
Medical Research (formerly known as the Interdisciplinary Research Complex), and the
Wisconsin Institutes for Discovery. While a majority of these buildings are dedicated to
research space, each also includes instructional laboratory and lecture space, and many
include general assignment classroom space. A commitment of nearly $347 million
state dollars for these projects allowed the university to leverage private funds of nearly
$528 million dollars.
The campus has nearly 130 campus buildings that were constructed before 1949.
Nineteen of these were constructed before 1900. Since 1990, nine of the oldest
academic buildings, and the Camp Randall Stadium, have been renovated to meet
building codes as well as modern research and instructional standards. The historic
character of these buildings has been preserved and in many cases restored. State funds
totaling approximately $87 million generated gifts and grants of almost twice that
amount—$167 million—to renovate buildings such as Lathrop Hall, the Red Gym, the
Education Building, and Washburn Observatory, and to update both Chamberlin and
Sterling halls.
The campus has also addressed its deficit of space for student and academic services,
43
44
Preparing for the Future
and student life facilities. Two new residence halls have been constructed and additional
capacity is planned to house all incoming first-year students who wish to live in oncampus residence facilities. This push to offer on-campus housing for all first-year students stems, in part, from research conducted at the UW–Madison showing the positive
outcomes associated with living on campus during the freshman year.30
New and consolidated space on campus for student services and student recreational
needs will improve the status of student and academic service units. Private/public
partnerships have resulted in the construction of new space for the University Health
Services and services such as the registrar, bursar, and financial aid. The master plan for
the Wisconsin Union also proposes significant improvement and expansion of social and
meeting spaces on campus. Nearly $280 million dollars has been invested in student life
projects since 1990, with more planned for the coming six-year planning period.
Growth is also occurring in the area of arts and humanities. A $47 million addition to
the Chazen Museum of Art will be under construction in early 2009 and renovation of
the existing Elvehjem Building is planned for a later biennium. Fundraising is under way
for a Music Performance building and long-term plans include new instructional buildings for the School of Music and the Department of Art. Studio space for art faculty and
graduate students has been created in a former university warehouse.
Increased utility demands on campus imposed by this expansion resulted in additional
utility plants and substations, as well as major improvements to existing plants and
expansion of the utility distribution systems. Construction of these new facilities has not
been without controversy. In 2005, the campus partnered with the State of Wisconsin
and Madison Gas and Electric to build a cogeneration power plant, with a natural gasfired system to generate electricity, chilled water for air-conditioning, and steam for
heating the campus. Some members of the community expressed concerns that this
facility would have a negative impact on community members in the vicinity. In addition, the institution and the state also received notice that the Sierra Club was suing
the state and the university over the coal-fire powered Charter Street Heating Plant.31
Town hall meetings describing progress toward a self-study of state-owned heating and
cooling facilities took place in June 2008. The meetings were designed to inform the
public of the study’s progress and offer a chance for individuals to provide feedback on
a draft of a comprehensive feasibility study that examines how to meet state government’s downtown heating and cooling needs.32
Preparing FOR
PREPARING
for THE
the FUTURE
Future
2b.iii. alternative resource development to augment state funding
The UW Foundation,33 thanks to the generosity of alumni and friends, completed an
extremely successful $1.86 billion capital campaign that formally concluded in 2006.
Titled Create the Future: The Wisconsin Campaign,34 it was the most ambitious campaign ever undertaken by the institution. The campaign incorporated a number of initiatives such as HealthStar and BioStar, the East Campus development, funds for faculty
chairs and professorships to recruit and retain top teachers and researchers, financial aid
for undergraduate and graduate students, and funds for programs encompassing the
Wisconsin Idea. The campaign included a very successful internal component, Create
the Future from Within, that encouraged the participation of those who work for
UW–Madison. Total gifts received by the UW Foundation since 1945 now stand at more
than $2.41 billion.
In 2004 and 2005, the Committee on Undergraduate Recruitment, Admissions and
Financial Aid (CURAFA), a shared governance committee, identified access for lowincome students as a top-priority issue. Following the success of the major capital campaign, in June 2008, the university announced the “Great people. Great place.”35
campaign, set to raise critical additional funds for need-based student scholarships,
graduate student funding, and funds for faculty retention. This campaign also includes
descriptions of resources need to support the development of the East Campus Gateway
Initiative, seeking to unify new structural elements in the area with existing and traditional spaces such as the Memorial Union Terrace and Library Mall. The campaign will
include an expanded Chazen Museum of Art, School of Music performance and academic buildings, a hockey facility, unified art facilities, University Health Services, and a
student services center.
In 1998, UW–Madison launched an innovative university/state partnership—the Cluster
Hiring Initiative36—leveraging WARF and UW Foundation gift funds with state funds to
replace faculty lines that the university had lost over the years due to decreases in state
funding. This bold effort was designed to foster collaborative research, education and
outreach by creating new interdisciplinary areas of knowledge that crossed the boundaries of existing academic departments (see Criterion 4).
In 2007, the dean of the Wisconsin School of Business, and thirteen donors took the
lead in an innovative strategy called the Wisconsin Naming Partnership.37 Instead of
accepting a donation to name the School of Business after an individual donor, thirteen
donors’ gifts totaling $85 million served as a naming gift that will preserve the Wisconsin
name for the School of Business for at least twenty years. This naming gift, the first of its
kind by a U.S. business school, leaves open the option of future naming gifts.
2b.iv. Funding for graduate students
A significant concern in graduate education over the past decade has been the question
of adequate graduate funding and support. In the world of research, graduate students
play an essential role. They lead in the classroom, and nurture the next generation of
researchers by example and through mentoring of undergraduates. They make possible the discoveries of a world-class faculty through their contributions in the laboratories, classrooms, and libraries. They are an integral part of UW–Madison’s success as a
research institution.
Wisconsin has an international reputation for its commitment to preparing graduate
students for careers as research scholars and teachers, and as leaders for the future.
UW–Madison consistently ranks in the top ten universities for most earned doctorates
awarded.
The learning environment is better for students when they are able to find financial
support by having a graduate appointment (research assistantship, teaching assistantship, or project assistantship). These appointments (at 33.3 percent and higher) provide
health benefits and a tuition remission.
The challenges of adequately supporting graduate assistants are explored in greater
depth in the Discovery and Learning team report. On the campus as a whole, three
major committees have studied the interrelated issues within the general topic of grad-
45
46
Preparing for the Future
uate student funding. The reports recognize the challenges posed by UW–Madison and
UW System policy and practice, and they propose a number of solutions, some of which
are being implemented while others are being explored in greater detail. At press time,
the third committee has not yet finalized its report.
• Tuition Remission Task Force (2006)38
• College of Letters and Science Graduate Student Stipend Committee (2007)39
• Task Force on Tuition Procedures for Fellowships and Traineeships (pending)
In the 2009–11 state budget, the UW–Madison has made a request for funding to help
address these issues, which has received support from the UW System Board of Regents
and will be advanced in the UW System budget proposal.
2c. The organization’s ongoing evaluation and assessment processes
provide reliable evidence of institutional effectiveness that clearly
informs strategies for continuous improvement.
The institution is engaged in a number of assessment and program evaluation activities demonstrating a commitment to planning and continuous improvement. This
section includes details about the academic program review procedures, utilization of
institutional data for program improvement, and other efforts to engage in continuous
improvement. The Administrative Process Redesign (APR) effort and investment in the
Office of Quality Improvement evidence the institution’s engagement in planning and
continuous improvement. (See also Criterion 3 for assessment of student learning, and
emerging efforts to engage in other program assessment projects.)
UW System Administration requires each institution to report annually on a number of
accountability measures.40 The reports provide insights into our workings as a system.
UW–Madison’s report41 provides details on measures such as access to higher education
for citizens of Wisconsin, academic support services to facilitate academic success, provision of a campus environment that fosters learning and personal growth, and evidence
of utilizing resources in an efficient and effective manner.
In addition, the UW System Administration authors a number of policy papers, setting
forth procedures that engage all institutions in evaluation and assessment to ensure
institutional effectiveness.42
These activities lead to improvements in the curricula, program planning, and other
areas by ensuring that units are aware of outcomes and base future decision-making on
those reports.
2c.i. Academic program review and accreditation
UW–Madison has a long-standing, academic program review process43 that provides
ongoing evaluation of programs and also encompasses the assessment of student learning.
In addition, the University Assessment Council provides leadership to campus on assessment of learning outcomes and on efforts to conduct program evaluation for continuous
improvement. More detail about these structures can be found in Criterion 3a.
In addition to institutional accreditation through The Higher Learning Commission, a
number of UW–Madison programs are accredited through their specialized accrediting
bodies. Examples of specialized accrediting that provides additional oversight includes
accreditation from the National Association of Schools of Art and Design (Department of
Art’s BS, BFA, MA, and MFA degrees), the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association
(Audiology), the American Psychological Association (clinical psychology doctorate and
counseling psychology doctorate), the American Board for Engineering and Technology
(ABET), and the American Bar Association (Law School). See the Data Digest 2007–08, for
a complete listing of all program accreditations as of October 2007.44
2c.ii. Continuous improvement
One of the issues that emerged in discussions among the self-study teams, reflective of
more general conversations taking place in various ways across campus, is the question
Preparing for the Future
of how the institution can become a more nimble
organization that has the capability to adapt to
changes in the higher-education landscape.
While UW–Madison has organizational structures
and individuals in positions of leadership with
clear roles and responsibilities, there is concern
that some of the institution’s policies, practices,
and structures are not as responsive as needed to
changes in the external environment.
One of the major projects that the campus initiated in the last few years that addresses these
concerns is the Administrative Process Redesign
(APR) project,45 under the sponsorship of the vice
chancellor for administration. This project seeks to
identify opportunities to increase efficiencies and
improve processes in a number of administrative
areas. As an example, the project is working on
systems improvements for gift-fund accounting
and developing grant subagreements, two areas that were identified as being in need
of process improvements.
APR leaders chose six campus programs to include in the initial Lean Six Sigma46 redesign. APR will continue through 2009, after introducing a business redesign methodology, with a focus on continuous process improvement.
The Office of Quality Improvement (OQI)47 provides consultation and facilitation services for academic and administrative units throughout the UW–Madison. Consultants
assist groups in identifying their aims and suggest methods for achieving those aims.
Teams also offer customized services in the areas of strategic planning, process improvement, project management, organizational design and redesign, and access to student,
human resource, payroll, and benefits data.
The OQI developed a Strategic Planning Model48 that helps guide units and the campus as
a whole through the various steps in the planning process. In the previous six academic
years, OQI has assisted with more than 670 projects, including 154 projects for academic
units from every school/college. In addition, OQI consultants helped more than 150
cross-campus efforts to advance the campus priorities. OQI’s strategic planning model
guides units in aligning their plans with the campus plan (see also Criterion 1).
2d. All levels of planning align with the organization’s mission, thereby
enhancing its capacity to fulfill that mission.
Coordinated planning process centers on mission documents.
As mentioned in the Overview and in Criterion 1 (Mission and Integrity), the university
has been engaged in campuswide strategic planning for several decades. Annual reports
help chart progress in meeting the goals of the campus strategic plan. The Connecting
Ideas49 report provides a number of quantitative indicators of progress, including increases
in extramural research support, time-to-degree and graduation rates, residential learning
and community-based interest groups, and students studying abroad. These strategic
planning reports and figures are widely circulated and posted prominently on the university’s Web site, making it very easy for individuals to access this information.
2d.i. Campus Master Plan50
One of the major areas of investment of time and resources in the last decade has been
the development of a new campus master plan and affiliated initiatives. These efforts
enhance the university’s ability to fulfill its mission.
Under the Vice Chancellor for Administration, Facilities, Planning and Management provides leadership to the campus on the physical space that the university inhabits. Several
key documents, including the Campus Master Plan lay out the plans. Summaries of
campus facilities changes in recent years include Investing in 21st Century Research51 and
47
48
Preparing for the Future
Campus Master Plan Goals
Goal 1
Sustainability
Protect, enhance and celebrate
our lakeside setting.
Goal 2
Community, Academic and
Research Connections
Promote the Wisconsin Idea by
enhancing our community connections. ... Enhance academic
connections by replacing aging
buildings, adding research space,
improving the quality and providing more rooms in our existing
academic facilities. Promote interdisciplinary learning and research
with new facilities.
Goal 3
Student Life
Renew a commitment to student
life by renovating, rebuilding or
restoring our unions and adding
recreational facilities.
Goal 4
Buildings and Design Guidelines
Renew campus by removing
obsolete buildings that cannot be
renovated. Provide new buildings that are flexible enough to
be used for at least a century.
Develop comprehensive design
guidelines to provide architectural
coherence.
Goal 5
Open Space
Protect and enhance existing
open spaces and create new
gathering areas. Maintain lands
in the Lakeshore Nature Preserve
as natural areas that support our
mission of teaching, research and
outreach. Protect and enhance
known historic cultural landscapes,
quadrangles and courtyards.
Goal 6
Transportation and Utilities
Provide attractive options to
driving alone. Plan for future
development of commuter rail
and streetcars. Provide a reliable
utility network to meet current and
future demands. Investigate use of
alternative fuel sources for heating
plants and fleet vehicles (see
UW–Madison Transportation Map).
College on the Hill—Past, Present and Future.52
The Campus Master Plan, representing several years of research and collaboration
among many groups across campus, was presented to the campus in 2005. The plan
articulates the principles by which the physical spaces of campus are organized and
is utilized by the campus to guide decision-making and planning, and is connected
with the budget and planning described under Criterion 2b.ii. The institutional mission
(Criterion 1) and recent campus priorities are reflected throughout the goal statements
within the master plan.
UW–Madison is in the midst of implementing an important initiative to reduce the
energy consumption of the campus and to promote grassroots efforts to educate and
motivate the community on this serious matter thorough the We Conserve53 campaign.
The campaign has identified annual energy savings of $3.7 million and reductions of
carbon dioxide emissions by an estimated 28,000 tons a year.54 The goal is to reduce
campus energy consumption per square foot by 20 percent by 2010. Evidence of progress toward this goal includes a reduction in the annual amount of carbon dioxide by
28,000 tons per year and annual energy savings of $3.7 million per year.55
The Long Range Transportation Plan, including a Transportation Demand Management
Plan (TDM) has been developed in concert with the physical facilities master plan for
the campus. It identifies short- and long-term goals and recommends improvements.
The development of the plan was a collaborative effort, involving meetings with groups
across the campus and several public agencies, including the city of Madison, Metro
Transit, and the Madison Area Metropolitan Planning Organization. Transportation services and related policies are constantly being reviewed. The Campus Transportation
Committee, a shared governance committee, advises Transportation Services on policies
and helps enhance communication about campus needs. Transportation Services has
been very forward-looking in negotiating for Community Cars on campus, as well as
free city bus passes for all students, faculty, and staff.
2d.ii. Select examples of organizational structures that support the
institution’s mission
The role of information technology in higher education continues to increase, and
UW–Madison has been fortunate to have outstanding leadership in this area. There is
increasing alignment between the institution’s mission and needs, and the allocation of
resources for IT to meet these needs.
Organizationally, information technology at UW–Madison is structured with a chief
information officer who also serves as vice provost for information technology and
director of the Division of Information Technology (DoIT).56
The CIO/VP-IT benefits from the input and engagement with several advisory groups,
including the Community of Educational Technology Support (ComETS); the Information
Technology Committee (ITC), which is a governance committee; the Madison Technical
Advisory Group (MTAG); and the Primary Technology Partners (PTP) group.
Several completed projects of the CIO and DoIT that evidence alignment between
the institutional mission and the allocation of IT resources include the Border Router
Upgrade, the 21st Century Network, the BOREAS/Northern Tier, and WiscAlert (text
implementation).
Under the direction of the new CIO/VP-IT, during the 2007–08 year, the CIO developed
new campus infrastructure to improve alignment and established new lines of communication in all of the work units, schools, and colleges across campus, and engaged in
a campuswide IT strategic planning process that will be aligned with the new campus
strategic framework.
The Office of Child Care and Family Resources (OCCFR)57 promotes the development and implementation of a coordinated child care and family support system on
campus to help ensure the success of students, faculty, and staff in their studies and
work at the institution. The office coordinates eight early care and education centers, Preparing for the Future
oversees parent support and education services, participates in fundraising events, and
administers two financial assistance child care programs including the Child Care Tuition
Assistance Program (CCTAP) for student parents. The OCCFR works with the University
Child Care Committee, the CCTAP Advisory Board, the Campus Planning Committee,
a variety of academic and administrative departments, student groups, and existing
child care resources to ensure that the child care needs of students, faculty, and staff
are met.
University Health Services (UHS)58 is the on-campus health clinic that is open to any
current UW–Madison student. UHS provides routine health care with specialty clinics
that focus on key health concerns of the student population: medical treatment of injuries and illnesses, flu and allergy shots, and travel checkups; counseling for stress reduction, smoking cessation, nutrition, mental health crises; alcohol and other substance
abuse; specialized care in our dermatology, sports medicine, and women’s clinics; the
Blue Bus Clinic for confidential testing and treatment of STDs; a pharmacy that provides
medicines at reduced prices. Costs are covered by enrollment “segregated” fees; the
SHIP Health Plan is available for those needing more comprehensive medical coverage.
UHS works with student organizations and academic units to ensure that the campus
environment is safe and to promote diversity and achievement.
The recent tragic incidents of violence on college campuses heightened awareness of the
need for emergency planning. Fortunately, key leaders on the UW–Madison campus
were already well ahead of the curve, with emergency management plans developed,
and practice exercises regularly occurring to ensure that individuals in key positions are
prepared to respond should the need arise on this campus59 The university, under the
leadership of the vice chancellor for administration and the chief of police/associate vice
chancellor, has an Emergency Management Unit.60 The unit coordinates various university and community entities to ensure that UW–Madison students, faculty, staff, visitors,
and the community are prepared to respond to emergencies, recover from them, and
mitigate against their impacts. Emergency Management also works closely with several
campus partners to develop and implement UW–Madison’s crisis communication plan
(see also Criterion 1e). Emergency plans in existence include not only emergency management, but also infrastructure security and access control.
2d.iii. Planning involves internal and external constituents.
The institution has broad and deep connections with its constituents, including community members, alumni, and friends of the university. Most schools and colleges have
external advisory boards that meet regularly to provide feedback, advise the dean or
49
50
Preparing for the Future
department chair, and in many cases, provide gift support for new initiatives. These
advisory board members provided helpful perspectives and ideas for departments,
schools, and colleges to explore (see Criterion 5).
The Office of Quality Improvement provides facilitators for departments or other administrative units that seek to engage in strategic planning. Often, units do benchmarking
and consult with constituents including alumni and students (see Criteria 2c.iii).
In 2006, the chancellor’s and provost’s offices together undertook a new initiative, the
Wisconsin Idea Project,61 to enhance relationships with alumni and the citizens of the
state of Wisconsin. The Wisconsin Idea in Action, for example, is a new database designed
to catalogue information about the many ways that UW–Madison faculty, staff, and students partner with businesses, organizations, and communities across the state. Citizens,
government officials and UW–Madison faculty, staff, and students can use the database
to find out more about particular projects or connect with others who share similar goals
(see Criterion 5a and the Public University special emphasis report).
The Wisconsin Alumni Association62 represents the 370,000 living alumni of the university, and the president and CEO of the association works with senior leaders to plan
events, coordinate initiatives, and work with faculty and staff to reach out across the
state, nation, and globe. The Wisconsin Alumni Association’s Board of Directors provide
counsel to WAA staff and the campus as a whole on matters of interest to the alumni of
the university (see Overview).
In addition to the Wisconsin Alumni Association, the UW Foundation63 is a nonprofit, tax-exempt corporation conducting official fundraising and gift-receiving for
the UW–Madison (and other donor-designated units of the UW System). The UW
Foundation’s total gifts received since 1945 total more than $2.41 billion. Both units
play an important role in advancing the mission of the institution.
Summary of Evidence
UW–Madison prepares for the future. Campus leaders plan and make informed decisions by relying on solid data analysis and organizational structures and processes. The
institution is particularly focused on faculty and staff recruitment and retention, recognizing that its reputation as a first-rate research institution relies upon the quality of its
faculty and staff. The institution has invested both resources and human capital to retain
faculty and staff, and to increase diversity. The university has been engaged in a Systemwide diversity plan; assessment of progress toward the goals of the plan is ongoing.
The institution has financially sound practices. Investments in the infrastructure,
including facilities and information technology, evidence thoughtful preparation for the
future. There are several creative efforts under way to increase sources of funding other
than from the state. Funding for graduate student support, however, remains a challenge that the institution continues to address.
Campus units engage in thoughtful evaluation and assessment activities designed
to ensure the academic quality and rigor of the programs offered by the institution.
Information gathered from such evaluations is used for campus strategic planning
and, more specifically, to improve processes that ensure the campus is able to fulfill its
mission.
Through evidence presented in this chapter and the chapter for Criterion 1, the institution demonstrates that the actions of the organization are aligned with UW–Madison’s
mission and vision for where it wishes to go in the future.
Future Challenges and Areas for Improvement
• A
dvance the assessment of our diversity initiatives to ensure that the institution is
best meeting the needs of prospective and enrolled students.
• Continue to monitor the “achievement gap” and support initiatives and best
Preparing for the Future
practices to eliminate this gap.
• S
upport the “Great people. Great place.” campaign and other efforts to
increase funding for need-based student aid, graduate student support, and the
East Campus Gateway initiative.
• C
ontinue to explore possible avenues to greater autonomy in setting tuition and
managing fiscal resources to resolve the graduate student funding challenge and
address other financial concerns.
• E
xplore new ways to enhance faculty and staff recruitment, retention, and compensation.
• U
tilize existing and new strategies to improve administrative operations to create
greater efficiencies.
Notes
1.www.cic.net/Home.aspx
2.www.cic.net/libraries/news-pub/50thanniversary.sflb
3.www.intlstudies.wisc.edu/wun
4.www.wiscape.wisc.edu
5.www.provost.wisc.edu/enrollman.html
6.http://registrar.wisc.edu/students/acadrecords/enrollment_reports
7.http://apa.wisc.edu
8.http://apa.wisc.edu/admissions_frosh.html#HSProjections
9.http://apa.wisc.edu/degrees/First_Generation_Student_Attributes_2008.pdf
10.http://apa.wisc.edu/degrees_timetodeg.html
11.www.connections.wisc.edu
12.www.provost.wisc.edu/dual-career
13.www.apa.wisc.edu/FacultySalary/AAUP%20peer%20comparison%20for%202007-08.pdf
14.www.apa.wisc.edu/Diversity/FacStaff_GenderEthnic_200708_MH.pdf
15.www.news.wisc.edu/releases/14572
16.www.provost.wisc.edu/climate.html
17.www.diversity.wisc.edu
18.www.provost.wisc.edu/plan2008 or www.uwsa.edu/oadd/plan
19.http://apa.wisc.edu/Diversity/DiversityForumRpt_2007.html
20.www.provost.wisc.edu/hiring/facshi.html
51
52
Preparing for the Future
21.http://wiseli.engr.wisc.edu
22.http://wiseli.engr.wisc.edu/initiatives/lifecycle/LifeCycleGrants.htm
23.http://studentservices.engr.wisc.edu/diversity/gers
24.www.news.wisc.edu/15473
25.http://posseprogram.wisc.edu
26.http://apa.wisc.edu/degrees/First_Generation_Student_Attributes_2008.pdf
27.www.news.wisc.edu/14424
28. http://www.bpa.wisc.edu/datadigest/DataDigest2007-2008a.pdf
29.www.vc.wisc.edu
30.http://apa.wisc.edu/Fall_2005_Freshman_Outcomes.pdf
31.www.news.wisc.edu/14770
32.www.news.wisc.edu/15304
33.www.uwfoundation.wisc.edu
34.www.news.wisc.edu/9020
35.www.uwfoundation.wisc.edu/home/findgiftopportunity/gpgp/gpgp.aspx
36.www.clusters.wisc.edu
37.www.bus.wisc.edu/wng/about.asp
38.www.secfac.wisc.edu/TRTFFinalReport.pdf
39.www.ls.wisc.edu/Graduate%20Stipend%20Committee%20Report-Final.pdf
40.www.uwsa.edu/opar/accountability
41.www.uwsa.edu/opar/accountability/achieve08/iae0708.pdf
42.www.uwsa.edu/spp.htm
43.http://apa.wisc.edu/acad_plng_ProgramReview.html
44.
45.www.vc.wisc.edu/APR/
46.www.asq.org/six-sigma/index.html
47.www.quality.wisc.edu
48.http://oqi.wisc.edu/resourcelibrary/uploads/resources/Strategic%20Planning%20Model.pdf
49.www.chancellor.wisc.edu/strategicplan
50.www.uc.wisc.edu/masterplan
51.https://fpm-www3.fpm.wisc.edu/FPM_Portal/LinkClick.aspx?link=invest21stCentury.pdf
52.https://fpm-www3.fpm.wisc.edu/FPM_Portal/Portals/0/collegeOnTheHill.pdf
53.www.conserve.wisc.edu
54.www.news.wisc.edu/15096
55.www.conserve.wisc.edu/accomplishments.htm
56.www.cio.wisc.edu/organization/cio_orgchart.pdf
57.www.wisc.edu/occfr
58.www.uhs.wisc.edu
59.www.uwpd.wisc.edu
60.www.uwpd.wisc.edu/Emergency%20Management.html
61.www.wisconsinidea.wisc.edu
62.www.uwalumni.com
63.www.uwfoundation.wisc.edu
Student Learning and Effective Teaching
53
Criterion Three:
Student Learning and Effective Teaching
3. The organization provides evidence of student learning
and teaching effectiveness that demonstrates it is fulfilling
its educational mission.
3a. The organization’s goals for student learning outcomes are clearly
stated for each educational program and make effective assessment
possible.
3a.i. UW–Madison has adopted a framework for university-wide expectations for student learning, consistent with our institutional culture.
Through the Wisconsin Experience, a framework for the educational experience,
UW–Madison aims to develop in students the ability to engage in the world, to be creative problem solvers, to integrate empirical analysis and passion, to seek out and create
new knowledge and technologies, and to adapt to new situations.1,2
The Wisconsin Experience, in combination with the essential learning outcomes
described below, provides a rhetorical framework for designing, delivering, evaluating,
and improving the educational experience at UW–Madison. The Wisconsin Experience
framework is useful both to feed internal discussions and actions that focus on a student-centered learning experience and to communicate to external audiences the aims
of a UW–Madison education. Although the Wisconsin Experience is most evident in
the undergraduate experience, it applies to all levels and all program areas. Examples
of specific programs that contribute to the Wisconsin Experience are described under
Criterion 3c.
The necessary companion to the Wisconsin Experience, which focuses on content
and delivery, is a set of university-wide expectations for student learning focused on
outcomes—the Essential Learning Outcomes (ELO). Like the Wisconsin Experience, the
Essential Learning Outcomes provide a framework for designing, delivering, evaluating,
and improving the educational experience and for communicating with internal and
external audiences.
The Essential Learning Outcomes were adopted from outcomes developed by the
Liberal Education for America’s Promise (LEAP) project of the American Association of
Colleges and Universities (AAC&U).3 The Essential Learning Outcomes proved to be an
“In an age when information is so
readily available and when its modes
of presentation seem to substitute
mere assertion for fact or informed
argument, we have a greater responsibility than ever to make critical and
integrative thinking “second nature”
for our students, and to provide them
with the tools to distinguish between
opinion and grounded knowledge.
That means promoting, again and
continually, liberal arts education—or
what we could call general purpose
education—that allows students
to develop the knowledge, analytical skills, and independent thinking
required for responsible citizenship.”
Chancellor Carolyn “Biddy” Martin
On Wisconsin event, October 23, 2008
54
Student Learning and Effective Teaching
The Wisconsin Experience at UW–Madison1,2
UW–Madison graduates become extraordinary citizens, community members, and
national and global leaders. Over the past twenty years, UW–Madison has produced more Peace Corps and Teach for America volunteers than almost any other
university. More leaders of major corporations have graduated from UW–Madison
than any other university in the country. We are among the top producers of faculty
members who teach at research intensive institutions around the world. Many local,
state, and national leaders are our graduates. Something about the UW–Madison
experience prepares students to become outstanding leaders who are engaged
locally, nationally, and globally. That “something” is the Wisconsin Experience.
Grounded in the hundred-year old Wisconsin Idea and our progressive history, our
historical mission has evolved to create an expectation for all of us—faculty, staff,
and students—to apply in- and out-of-classroom learning in ways that have significant and positive impacts on the world. What we do matters, and together we can
solve any problem. It is this distinctive Wisconsin Experience that produces graduates
who think beyond the conventional wisdom, who are creative problem-solvers who
know how to integrate passion with empirical analysis, who know how to seek out,
evaluate and create new knowledge and technologies, who can adapt to new situations, and who are engaged citizens of the world.
The Wisconsin Experience comprises these inquiry-based opportunities:
• S
ubstantial research experiences that generate knowledge and analytical
skills
• Global and cultural competences and engagement
• Leadership and activism opportunities
• Application of knowledge in the real world
The nature of these opportunities and how we offer them makes UW–Madison
unique in higher education. The resulting Wisconsin Experience is characterized by
close integration of in-class and out-of-class learning experiences, by active, creative
and entrepreneurial engagement in real-world problems, and by offering students
leadership in their learning.
excellent fit for the learning goals that had been expressed, either explicitly or implicitly,
by UW–Madison faculty and staff in a range of disparate sources and governance documents. The Essential Learning Outcomes were also the product of a multiyear study by
AAC&U that engaged hundreds of colleges and universities, the business community,
and the accrediting agencies of engineering, business, nursing, and teacher education.
Thus, this statement of expectations for student learning is aligned not only with the
thinking of UW–Madison faculty and staff, but widely with educators and employers
of college graduates. UW–Madison, as a university within the University of Wisconsin
System, was a pilot institution for the LEAP initiative, in which more than 150 institutions
now participate nationwide.
The Essential Learning Outcomes are being integrated into academic life through a “convergence” strategy that aims to build a shared understanding and practice of this vision
for student learning. The framing of the student experience in terms of the Wisconsin
Experience and Essential Learning Outcomes is disseminated under the leadership of
a group of administrators, faculty, and staff who are early adopters and whose actions
are endorsed by university leaders. The convergence strategy is dynamic and adapts
rapidly to new ideas as more and more people get involved. The convergence core
group meets periodically to advance the initiative, and the campus community is kept
up-to-date through a dedicated Web site.4 A foundational principle of the convergence
strategy is that this is not fundamentally a “top down” enterprise and no entity or group
is vested with sole responsibility for promoting the Essential Learning Outcomes. Rather,
Student Learning and Effective Teaching
UW–Madison university-wide expectations for student learning2,3,4
Students should prepare for the twenty-first century by gaining:
1.Knowledge of human cultures and the physical and natural worlds through
study in the sciences and mathematics, social sciences, humanities, histories,
languages, and the arts, focused by engagement with big questions, both contemporary and enduring
2.Intellectual and practical skills, including
• inquiry and analysis
• critical and creative thinking
• written and oral communication
• quantitative literacy
• information literacy
• t eamwork and problem solving; practiced extensively, across the curriculum, in
the context of progressively more challenging problems, projects, and standard
for performance
3. Personal and social responsibility, including
• civic knowledge and engagement (local and global)
• intercultural knowledge and competence
• ethical reasoning and action
• foundations and skills for lifelong learning; anchored through active involvement with diverse communities and real-world challenges
4.Integrative learning, including
• s ynthesis and advanced accomplishment across general and specialized
skills; demonstrated through the application of knowledge, skills, and responsibilities to new settings and complex problems
interested members of the university community are invited to develop and enact ELOrelated endeavors adapted to the interest, expertise, and mission of their spheres of
influence. Members of the convergence group strategize, advise, and collaborate across
campus to advertise and promote those activities and events. The vision is that many
points across campus, including curricular and co-curricular programs, will become sites
of convergence around the ELOs. Thus, convergence group members are leaders by
position in some cases, and by action in others.
The framework of the Wisconsin Experience/Essential Learning Outcomes has formal
support as well. In 2008 the University Assessment Council formally adopted a new
preface to the 2003 Assessment Plan, which articulated the ELO as a framework for
evaluating student learning. Prior to this, no explicit campuswide learning goals (other
than requirements articulated for undergraduate general education) had been set by
any institutional body. The governance committee that oversees academic programs
and student learning, the University Academic Planning Council (April 2008 meeting),
endorsed the adoption of the Wisconsin Experience and Essential Learning Outcomes
by the Assessment Council and encouraged widespread integration into academic
programs, supporting and advocating for continued movement toward the values
expressed in the Wisconsin Experience. Similarily, this framework was discussed by the
Academic Staff Executive Committee, the University Committee, and the Faculty Senate
in fall 2008.
55
56
Student Learning and Effective Teaching
3a.ii. UW–Madison has established expectations for student learning in
academic programs.
Every academic program is required to have an assessment plan, an expectation first
established in the 1995 Academic Assessment Plan and continued in the 2003 Academic
Assessment Plan, which includes the requirement that program faculty and staff identify
goals for student learning and conduct at least one evaluative activity annually.5
A fundamental tenet of the UW–Madison approach is to recognize that many regular
activities of academic life are evaluative; by capturing those activities in an analytical
framework we make them useful as forms of assessment. Faculty and staff are encouraged to make assessment useful at the most local level. UW–Madison academic programs have a wide array of educational objectives and many responses to specialized
accreditors. Thus, a one-size-fits-all assessment approach has not been adopted.
However, program plans do make use of common elements: identification of learning
goals; a timetable for periodic assessment of students’ attainment of these learning
goals; description of methods; assignment of responsibility for assessment activities to
an individual or a faculty committee; and processes that ensure that information is used
for academic and curricular decisions.
More than fifty academic programs partner with specialized accrediting agencies or
other professional oversight bodies that set standards of student learning.6 To avoid
duplication of effort, evaluations of student learning that serve outside agencies are generally deemed sufficient to meet institutional standards. UW–Madison program faculty
and staff strive for excellence and generally exceed the baseline requirements set by
specialized accreditation.
Each school/college submits an annual report describing the assessment activities within
their units. These reports provide a general description of the direction of assessment
projects. Detailed information is held by the schools/colleges, departments, and programs. The true value of assessment is that information on student learning is the basis
for making sound decisions on changes that improve the learning experience: most
schools and colleges require that proposals for programmatic changes be accompanied
by such evidence. Three examples illustrate this point. Additional examples may be
found in the annual assessment reports.7
The Department of History, in 2006, renewed its ten-year-old assessment plan so that
it was aligned with new undergraduate major requirements established in fall 2005,
and set out explicit goals for abilities that students would exhibit by the time of graduation. Assessment of this program, with more than 700 enrolled students and approximately 200 graduates per year, includes an exit survey of perceptions of learning in
the program-level goals (indirect measure) and a random evaluation of the papers of
students who take the required History 600 capstone seminar (direct measure). Based
on assessment evidence, the undergraduate History major requirements were revised to
offer courses in clusters so that students may more readily meet “concentration requirements.”8 The department is experimenting with a new strategy for course evaluations
that invite student reflection on learning. In time, the department will amass sufficient
data to evaluate students’ perception of learning throughout the curriculum.
The Department of African Languages and Literature is the only department at an
American university devoted solely to teaching and research in African languages, linguistics, literature, and oral traditions. It has degree programs at the bachelor’s and graduate levels (M.A. and Ph.D.). It also has a significant impact via UW–Madison’s National
African Language Resource Center.9 The faculty-to-student ratio is low to support the
intensive instruction required in these challenging languages. Formal “program assessments” occur at specific stages of the language instruction programs (fourth and sixth
semesters) and at program milestones (e.g., Ph.D. qualifying examinations). To measure
student learning, the faculty conducts oral interviews and rates students on a standard
scale, administers examinations designed to gauge proficiency in program-level learning
goals in such areas as linguistic structures, and reviews student papers and theses to
evaluate student attainment of tools for analysis of literary or linguistic texts. As is typical
of many departments, the findings are used to make minor adjustments to the curriculum on an ongoing basis.
Student Learning and Effective Teaching
The School of Veterinary Medicine has a comprehensive assessment plan for its professional and graduate programs that includes direct and indirect assessments, aligns
with program goals, and focuses on program improvement (see 2007–08 assessment
report10). For example, the exit survey probes student perception of forty-four aspects of
their experience, including overall quality of institutional resources, instruction, handson learning opportunities, educational preparation in specific academic areas, student
services, career preparation, national licensing board exam preparation, problemsolving, communication skills, ethical decision-making, promotion of lifelong learning,
and leadership development. In response to findings from these student evaluations, the
emergency and critical care electives were expanded and the professional skills course is
being redesigned to better address the business and finance areas.
3a.iii. The University Assessment Council assures regular and ongoing
attention to the evaluation of student learning.
The University Assessment Council, established in 1990, is a key venue for connecting
colleagues who oversee or conduct assessment and for building the capacity to evaluate student learning and the student experience among faculty and staff. The council,
which meets about six times during the academic year, is populated by faculty and staff
representatives from all schools and colleges who are appointed by their deans. Also
represented are contributing administrative units and the General Education Research
Group. The council is co-chaired by two provost appointees: a member of the provost’s staff and a faculty representative. The council exists to connect people who are
actively involved in assessment in academic units with resources that are available for
assessment and to help units maximize the use of shared tools and resources; serve as
a cross-campus forum for the exchange of ideas, information, and advice on methods
and practices of assessment; keep the university community apprised of expectations for
assessment; advise the provost on matters related to assessment and evaluation; assure
the implementation of the university’s assessment plan; and periodically evaluate and
revise the university assessment plan.
3a.iv. UW–Madison supports efforts to assess and improve student learning through the Assessment Fund.
As an incentive to academic-program faculty and staff to develop solid student outcomes assessment practices, the Office of the Provost has supported an Assessment
Fund since the mid–1990s. The fund ($177,000 in 2008–09) is a source of small grants
to schools, colleges, and departments and is intended to jump-start assessment programs rather than to serve as an ongoing source of support. Even these grants of a few
thousand dollars have been sufficient to transform undocumented evaluation strategies
into active assessment projects. Assessment funds are distributed competitively based
on proposals submitted in an annual competition, and through the process of developing and reviewing proposals, program faculty and staff consult with and learn from
campus assessment experts.11 Three examples illustrate the impact of these funds.
Alumni Information Project, a collaborative project between the Office of Academic
Planning and Analysis and the Wisconsin Alumni Association, is designed to collect and
then provide back to academic programs and departments alumni information that is
useful for program improvement. The most visible product, the Alumni Profile, provides
information to departments about demographics, continued engagement with the university, perceptions of the educational experience, and educational and employment
status. This service reduces the frequency at which departments and programs need to
deploy expensive alumni surveys. In 2008, the project focused on enhancing the collection of occupational and employment information. A distinguishing feature of this
project is the attempt to link alumni perception and experience information with the
corresponding student record, and to develop an effective flow of information among
alumni, analysts, and departments.12,13
The School of Social Work articulates learning goals for students enrolled in each of its
professional, liberal arts, and research degree programs and assesses them in several ways:
surveys, direct observation of student performance in internships and practica, grades
in key field courses and integrative seminars, program-level analysis of doctoral student
57
Among UW–Madison Alumni
Who Graduated Within the
Past Ten Years ...
92 percent answer yes or definitely
yes that their UW–Madison
education has improved
their quality of life, regardless of any financial benefit
92 percent are employed, or
enrolled in a subsequent
degree program, or both
22 percent are enrolled in
ongoing education either
full time or part time;
44 percent are not enrolled
but have plans for further
course work
88 percent are employed full time
(81 percent) or part time
(7 percent)
80 percent of those employed
say that the skills they
developed at UW–Madison
in problem solving, written
and verbal communication,
and other general skills are
related or highly related to
their current position
84 percent of those employed
earn $30,000 or more
annually; 34 percent earn
$60,000 or more
58
Student Learning and Effective Teaching
progress reports, and monitoring of program-level
indicators (average pace and rate of completion of
degrees, post-graduation placement rates, licensure exam scores). The school received assessment
funds to support a longitudinal study to measure
change in learning for students (undergraduate
and graduate). The study included ratings by students of their learning gains in relation to specific
program goals and pedagogies and ratings by
employers of student performance in specific areas.
Results have been used to refine existing courses
(for example, to create a new course in macrolevel social work practice and redesign courses
that overlapped in content), to improve policy by
clarifying deadlines for preliminary examinations,
and to redesign the doctoral curriculum.14
The College of Letters and Science baccalaureate degree requirements, last revised in the
1970s, were reviewed and revised over a seven-year period to improve baccalaureate
education in the college. Supported in part by assessment funds, the faculty-led Letters
and Science Curriculum Committee conducted focus groups with current students,
analyzed degree audit data, studied peer-institutions’ requirements and practices, and
conducted a survey of alumni five to seven years post-degree. Based on the accumulated evidence and extensive consultation within Letters and Science and across
campus, the committee proposed recommendations to streamline the requirements
and to cast them in more pedagogically focused and student-friendly language. The
revisions were adopted and implemented in May 2007. With these new requirements
in place, the Letters and Science Curriculum Committee will launch a new cycle of
refining the learning goals and developing a plan to evaluate them. This plan will
intersect with campuswide initiatives focused on documenting and improving student
learning. These efforts of the Letters and Science faculty and staff exemplify how assessment informs decisions and leads to change.15
3a.v. UW–Madison evaluates student learning in the General Education
program.
The General Education Requirements16 were established in 1996 to be a minimal set of
requirements common to all undergraduates (see Criterion 4a). The University General
Education Committee (UGEC) has used successive long-term plans to guide campuslevel efforts to understand and improve student learning. The 2008 plan connects
the requirements to the Essential Learning Outcomes and the Wisconsin Experience.
Assessment projects identified for 2008–13 address those connections, including the
task of articulating learning outcomes for “general breadth.” Another high-priority goal
is to better communicate to a range of audiences what assessment activities have been
conducted, the findings of those studies, and changes that have been implemented as a
result. The UGEC makes annual reports to the Office of the Provost and to the University
Academic Planning Council, the governance committee that oversees the UGEC’s work,
but these reports have a limited audience. The UGEC aims to broaden the audiences by
enacting a three-pronged communication strategy that will improve communication
with the scholarly community, the general university community, and broader public
audience such as prospective students and their families.
Assessment activities are led by the General Education Research Group, chaired by a
faculty director.17 The group’s guiding principles are that projects must address important questions, they must produce results that are widely credible with the faculty, and
the results should inform action. Projects are designed to leverage expertise available
among faculty and staff who serve on the UGEC and the research group, and to be
opportunistic and flexible as a way to make the best use of limited resources. A list of
studies undertaken since 2000 is given in table 7.
Student Learning and Effective Teaching
59
Table 7. Assessment of General Education Since 2000—Major Projects
YearStudy Topic or RequirementStudy
2008 Communication: Information Literacy
Standardized Assessment of Information Literacy Skills.
Goal: To obtain baseline data on information literacy skills among incoming first-year
students.
Results: Although results revealed high level of preparation for students admitted
to UW–Madison, sample size problems suggested the need to reevaluate use of this
instrument and the study design.
2007
Communication-A (Comm-A)
2007 Breadth
2006 Quantitative Reasoning B (QR-B)
n Assessment Study of the Effectiveness of the General Education Communication ‘A’
A
Requirement.
Goal: To determine whether students in Comm-A courses report gains in specific
communication skills targeted by Comm-A courses.
Results: Students reported significant gains; students in ESL versions of Comm-A
report competencies equal to those reported by native speakers of English. Study
also provided opportunity to improve administrative processes for calibration among
Comm-A courses.
UW–Madison General Education Requirements Survey.
Goal: Obtain baseline data on instructor awareness/value for the general education
requirements
Results: Instructors teaching in areas of the curriculum that are regularly assessed
report greater understanding of and value of breadth requirements. The study revealed
a disconnect between divisional areas, and highlighted the need to engage instructors
in dialogue about liberal education and breadth.
Student Perceptions of Learning in Quantitative Reasoning B Courses.
Goal: To understand student perceptions of quantitative learning in non-math/
statistical/computational QR-B courses.
Results: Confirmed strong learning in mathematical skill areas; however, the study
identified a need to address “quantitative critical thinking.”
2005
Quantitative Reasoning A (QR-A)Two Assessment Studies of the General Education Quantitative Reasoning ‘A’
Requirement” (I) How the QR-A Requirement Affects Mathematical Proficiency; and
(II) How the QR-A Requirement Affects Student Self-Assessments of Quantitative
Reasoning Skills and Preparation for Future Courses.
Goal: To measure student learning in light of learning goals identified for QR-A, using
survey of student perception of skills and pre/post test.
Results: Study demonstrated strong learning gains in post-test. The study also
identified a strong correlation between student perception of skills gained and their
demonstration of skills gained, which strenghtens confidence in use of perception-oflearning surveys as a strategy for assessing student learning.
2005 Communication-B (Comm-B)
Administrative Analysis: Comm-B Course Credit Transfer.
Goal: To ensure appropriate transfer credit into UW–Madison.
Result: New courses were developed to award transfer credit for content without also
granting credit for distinctive Comm-B pedagogy.
2005Ethnic Studies
Review of Ethnic Studies Course Array (May 2005)
Goal: To implement revisions to ethnic study course criteria.
Result: Descriptive guidelines and student learning outcomes for courses meeting the
ethnic studies requirement were established. Course syllabi were evaluated to calibrate
course array to learning outcomes. The oversight and administration of the requirement
was improved.
2004 Communication-B (Comm-B)
Administrative Analysis: Student Comm-B Course-Taking Patterns.
Goal: To identify “redundant” Comm-B credit.
Results: Reduced curricular redundancy in Comm-B course array; identified transfercredit issues.
2002Ethnic Studies
Review of the Ethnic Studies Requirement (March 2000–May 2002).
Goal: To review this decade-old requirement and evaluate student understanding of
learning goals, identify administrative issues.
Results: Twenty-three recommendations were approved, including recommendations
to revise the requirement and course criteria, define and assess student learning
outcomes; and to convene an implementation committee to enact the changes.
2001
Communication-B (Comm-B)
Source: www.ls.wisc.edu/gened/Assessment/default.htm
ommunication-B Study: Outcomes Associated with the General Education
C
Communication-B Requirement.
Goal: To evaluate student learning in Comm-B courses.
Result: Recommendations to adjust course criteria, provide more resources to support
oral communication instruction, and expand requirement to take Comm-A. Several
recommendations were enacted.
60
Student Learning and Effective Teaching
3a.vi. Improving the evaluation of the student learning experience and
communication to wider audiences.
Indicators of student success and the effectiveness of student learning are communicated to the university community and to external communities using a number of
mechanisms. This information is communicated in many ways. Three of the most readily
available reports:
• A
chieving Excellence: UW System Accountability Report, UW–Madison section, produced annually since 200118
• U
W–Madison College Portrait,19 first produced in spring 2008 following the guidelines of the Voluntary System of Accountability
• Publishers Common Data Set (CDS), compiled annually since 200020
These public reports make use of a range of evaluative information, including analysis
based on student records, information documented in assessment reports, and responses
from the National Survey of Student Learning (2001, 2004, 2006, and 2008; table 8)
and the institutional Undergraduate Survey (1996 through 2006).21
The building blocks are in place for a strong program of evaluating and improving student
learning at the institution-wide level. The university has defined the Wisconsin Experience,
embraced the Essential Learning Outcomes, and initiated the convergence process for
integrating them into the student experience. There is an established culture of assessment
of academic programs and of general education, and of using the assessment information
to improve the educational experience. The infrastructure exists for communicating and
building capacity internally through the University Assessment Council, the assessment
fund, and a campuswide assessment plan. Tools for sharing the information more broadly
are in place—for example, the accountability report and the College Portrait.
Table 8. Selected Experiences and Perceptions: Undergraduate Seniors
UW–Madison
Peers
97
32
93
35
91
32
61
69
83
25
60
66
95
61
94
63
91
91
88
91
81
87
87
79
69
94
70
93
66
68
62
62
80
90
48
59
Group Learning Experiences
% who worked with classmates on assignments outside of class
% who spent at least six hours per week participating in co-curricular
activities such as student organizations and intramural sports
Active Learning Experiences
% who spent at least six hours per week preparing for class
% who worked on a research project with a faculty member
% who participated in an internship, practicum, or field experience
% who participated in community service or volunteer work
Institutional Commitment to Student Learning and Success
% who believe this institution provides support for student success
% who rated the quality of academic advising at this institution as good or excellent
% who reported working harder than they thought they could to
meet an instructor’s standards or expectations
Student Satisfaction
% who would attend this institution if they started over
% who rated their entire educational experience as good or excellent
% who reported that other students were friendly or supportive
Student Interaction with Campus Faculty and Staff
% who believed that faculty are available, helpful, or sympathetic
% who reported that faculty members provided prompt feedback on their academic performance
% who discussed readings or ideas with faculty members outside of class
Experiences with Diverse Groups of People and Ideas
% who reported that they often tried to understand someone else’s point of view
% who reported their experience at this institution contributed to their understanding people of other racial and ethnic backgrounds
% who often had serious conversations with students of a different race or ethnicity
Source: 2008 National Survey of Student Engagement (NSSE), UW–Madison; http://apa.wisc.edu/performance_students_surveys.html and UW–Madison’s College Portrait. Peers: Major research universities
(members in the AAU) that participated in NSSE in 2008
Student Learning and Effective Teaching
Priorities for the future are to build on these strengths to fill two key gaps. The first
priority is to implement assessments that will build a more profound understanding
of the student learning experience, especially though direct measures, to strengthen
what works, and to modify what is not serving so well. A focus on capstone experiences, undergraduate research, and internships, and the use of e-portfolios are under
consideration. The second priority is to become more intentional about communicating
information about student learning and the value of the Wisconsin Experience to public
audiences and to develop reports and Web sites that are more explicit about the information that is available now and that will become available with the implementation of
new studies.
3b. The organization values and supports effective teaching.
3b.i. UW–Madison supports improvements and innovation in teaching.
Responsibility and support for teaching excellence is widely shared across the university. At the institutional level, two key resource points are the Office of the Vice
Provost for Teaching and Learning within the Office of the Provost, and the Teaching
Academy, a faculty- and staff-based member organization established by the Faculty
Senate in 1993.
Office of the Vice Provost for Teaching and Learning (VPTL)22 works with deans, directors, campuswide groups, and others to carry out UW–Madison’s teaching and learning
missions. The VPTL provides a forum across campus for community building and professional development among instructors. A primary initiative of the VPTL, in concert with
the Offices of the Dean of Students, has been the Wisconsin Experience campaign and
the convergence process (see Criterion 3a.ii). Another key initiative is the Web-based
Teaching and Learning Excellence Web Guide, a starting point for instructors seeking
just-in-time resources to support teaching excellence. It includes a section on teaching
solutions, institutional policies and guidelines, and links to wider resources.
The academic year is “book-ended” by professional development symposia supported
by the VPTL: the First-Year Conference in October23 and the Teaching and Learning
Symposium in late May.24 The annual Teaching and Learning Symposium brings
together the university community to share best practices, celebrate accomplishments,
discuss new teaching pedagogy, and explore themes of mutual interest. The symposium
reached its tenth anniversary in 2008. The program, “Shaping our Future: Teaching and
Learning at UW–Madison,” focused on lasting values that frame teaching, changes in
what represents pedagogical innovation now and in the future, revolutionary technological changes, and dramatic ways in which students have changed and learn.
61
62
Student Learning and Effective Teaching
“How do we ensure that our students
develop the capacity for that kind
of integration and synthesis? Our
faculty and staff have proposed a
range of different answers to that
question and over the course of the
next five to ten years, we will offer
students many more opportunities
for research experiences, field-based
learning opportunities, international
study, and internships, because
these opportunities help students
bring different bodies of knowledge
to bear on specific problems and in
specific contexts and will increase our
students’ success.”
Chancellor Carolyn “Biddy” Martin
On Wisconsin event, October 23, 2008
The UW–Madison Teaching Academy25 encourages innovation, experimentation, dialogue, and scholarship around issues related to teaching and learning. The Teaching
Academy is composed of Fellows (faculty and instructional academic staff) and Future
Faculty Partners (graduate students) who provide leadership to strengthen undergraduate and graduate, and outreach education. The academy works with partners
across campus, and sponsors a number of events that build instructional excellence.
For example, the weeklong Summer Institutes have been offered annually since 2000.
Participants reflect upon their teaching goals, discuss course design and teaching/
learning issues with colleagues, explore service learning and teaching technology, and
develop classroom and curriculum strategies to design new courses or redesign existing
courses. University faculty and academic staff serve as facilitators for discussions, presenters for large-group topics, and mentors for faculty developing new pedagogical
strategies.
A number of centers, offices, and faculty-led projects support professional development
and the development of teaching skills; several examples are described under Criterion 4a.
One example, the Center for Biology Education (CBE),26 is especially relevant here. This
long-lived center was founded in 1988 with funding from the Howard Hughes Medical
Institute and from UW–Madison to foster collaborative education initiatives and to improve
biology education at all levels. UW–Madison has vast resources in the biological sciences,
which include numerous highly trained and talented researchers and educators, located in
sixty-eight departments and programs. With a boost from center resources and programs,
instructors develop innovative teaching methods and instructional resources that translate
the excitement of research into classrooms. For example, CBE has been credited with
making “active learning” a regularly used pedagogy on campus.
Faculty Sabbatical Leave Program is available to eligible faculty members with six or
more years of full-time instructional service. Per Board of Regent guidelines, the purpose
of sabbatical leave is to enable faculty members to engage in intensive study in order
to become more effective teachers and scholars and to enhance their services to the
university. Sabbatical leave may be granted for the purpose of enhancing teaching,
course and curriculum development, or conducting research or any other scholarly
activities related to instructional programs within the faculty member’s field of expertise.
Evidence of contributions to teaching is required in both the application and the followup report.27 In recent years, on average 95 faculty members annually were awarded a
sabbatical leave; 125 were awarded a sabbatical leave for 2007–08 (Office of Human
Resources tabulation).
3b.ii. UW–Madison recognizes and celebrates excellence in teaching.
More than a dozen separate teaching awards for faculty, staff, and teaching assistants
are awarded annually. In addition, a range of teaching awards is made at the school/
college and department levels. At the campus level, the Chancellor’s Distinguished
Teaching Award, one of the most prestigious awards, honors six faculty members annually at a public reception. The Class of 1955 Teaching Excellence Award is designated
for an instructor, or assistant or associate professor. The Van Hise Outreach Teaching
Award was created to recognize excellence in outreach teaching. A more complete list
of teaching awards is available through the Office of the Provost.28
3c. The organization creates effective learning environments.
3c.i. UW–Madison’s learning environment encompasses a broad and changing array of courses and programs.
UW–Madison offers students one of the broadest arrays of learning experiences in the
United States. Typically, about 4,300 courses are offered each fall and spring semester.
Undergraduates may choose from 135 different major programs (table 9). High rates
of graduation are evidence that these environments are effective at engaging students:
approximately 82 percent of new freshmen graduate within six years.29
Student Learning and Effective Teaching
Table 9. Number of Academic Programs30
Credential TypeNumber of Programs
Bachelor’s
Undergraduate Certificates
Master’s
Doctoral and Professional
Graduate Certificates
Capstone Certificates (post-baccalaureate non-degree certificates)
135
39
153
114
21
9
Academic programs, especially at the undergraduate level, are designed to assure
breadth through the common general education and breadth requirements, and depth
through the requirements in the major. Students may also supplement their major programs with certificate programs. The student experience is rich in opportunities for cocurricular academic enhancement activities and many examples of those activities are
described in this section.
In addition to the requirements for ongoing assessment of student learning described
above (see Criterion 3a), all academic degree-major programs undergo program review
on a ten-year cycle. Deans’ offices contribute to an annual institutional report on
program review and the status of reviews for all academic programs is monitored by the
Office of the Provost.31
New programs are constantly being added to the array of degree-major programs and
certificates: 15 degree programs and 40 certificates have been implemented since 1999.
Programs are also reorganized, renamed, and discontinued, often as a consequence
of the findings of program review and assessment. Trends in program activity require
policy changes over time. These changes go through the school/college academic planning councils and the University Academic Planning Council (see Criterion 1d). A full
accounting of changes in academic programs and structures, and descriptions of academic policy discussions are made public through the UAPC Web site and the Council’s
annual reports.32 Similarly, the course array is continuously being improved with additions, changes, and deletions of courses. The curriculum committees of schools and
colleges review such changes and they are considered at the institutional level by the
Divisional Committees.33
3c.ii. UW–Madison supports students who are new to the university.
The university has made a concerted and coherent effort to support new students to
make a successful transition into university life. Support services are in place for in-coming
students, be they new freshmen, undergraduate transfers, new graduate students, new
professional students, or continuing students because this transition is a critical one.
For students, success in the early days of their experience is a necessary foundation for
continued success and engagement.
The Center for the First-Year Experience (CFYE)34 at UW–Madison examines, informs,
facilitates, cultivates, and enhances the first-year experience for undergraduates. The
CFYE forges strong relationships with academic departments that have large first-year
student enrollments and tutorial services in an effort to enhance the first-year classroom learning environment. They provide new students with relevant information in a
developmentally appropriate manner, including in summer orientation and programs
during students’ first week on campus. CFYE develops new courses and programs for
first-year students such as freshman seminar courses. Overall, in fall 2006, 19 percent
of new freshmen participated in academic/curricular activities designed specifically to
support the transition to college: courses associated with residential learning communities, First-Year Interest Groups (FIGs), specified freshman seminar courses, and the
Undergraduate Research Scholars program. The effectiveness of the first-year experience
is reflected in strong retention rates: 93 percent of new freshmen enroll in the second
year at UW–Madison and an additional 4 percent enroll at another U.S. college or university.35
Transfer undergraduates are a more heterogeneous population than new freshmen:
UW–Madison undergraduates who start as transfers are more likely to be independent
from their parents, more likely to be parents themselves, more likely to work, more likely
63
64
Student Learning and Effective Teaching
to have financial need and carry heavier debt
loads.36 A focused effort to meet the needs of new
transfer students and improve their early experience was initiated in 2003 with the Committee
on the Transfer Student Experience.36 Many of
the committee’s recommendations have been
implemented, including improvements in the
new transfer student orientation and better communication to prospective transfer students. One
mechanism for improved communication is the
Transfer Contract, an arrangement that assures a
student of transfer admission if they meet a high
standard of preparation at a two-year college in
Wisconsin37 (see Criterion 5c).
Since fall 1995 the University Residence Halls have
connected living and learnjng through residential learning communities (RLC).38 Participation
has grown from 290 students in two communities in 1995 to 1,388 students in twelve communities in fall 2008 (22 percent of new
freshmen). One RLC is available only to freshmen. Another serves women in science
and engineering. A group of six international RLCs are focused on different countries
and languages. The Entrepreneurial Residential Learning Community (supported by the
Kauffman Foundation) opened in August 2008. UW–Madison participates in the National
Study of Living & Learning Programs (NSLLP),39 which is the only national study that
assesses how participation in residential learning communities influences academic, social,
and developmental outcomes for students. Selected findings show that RLC students at
UW–Madison reported greater ease with their academic transition to college than students in the comparison sample; higher critical thinking/analysis abilities; more confidence in college success, writing courses, academic skills, and test-taking skills; and more
diversity appreciation than students in the comparison sample. There were no significant
differences between living/learning subjects and other students in intellectual growth,
overall sense of belonging, academic achievement, and retention.
A First-Year Interest Group (FIG)40 consists of a group of 20 first-year students who live
in the same residence hall or “residential neighborhood” and who also enroll together in
a cluster of three classes. Each FIG cluster of courses has a central theme; the central or
“synthesizing” course integrates content from the other two classes. FIGs are intended
to improve academic performance and multicultural understanding for all students. In
2001, 75 students enrolled in four FIGs. In 2008, 539 new freshmen were enrolled in 29
FIGs. The six-year graduation rate for the 2002 cohort was 89 percent, which compares
favorably with 82 percent for other students. Evaluations consistently show that FIGs
have positive impacts on student performance, retention, campus involvement, and
personal growth.
The Adult and Student Services Center (ASSC)41 in the Division of Continuing Studies
offers information about programs and services for nontraditional and nondegree students (cakked “special students”) and for local adults considering a career change.
ASSC assists with the application and enrollment processes, educational workshops and
additional services for adult students through individual appointments, assessments and
career workshops. ASSC serves 10,000 individuals annually (see Criterion 5d).
3c.iii. UW–Madison provides students with a wealth of academic
enrichment opportunities throughout their educational experience.
The Wisconsin Experience—the vehicle to develop in students the passion and skill to
put their energy into endeavors that matter—is comprised of substantial research experiences that generate knowledge, experiences that develop global and cultural competencies, opportunities for leadership and activism, and application of knowledge in
real-world settings.
Student Learning and Effective Teaching
The university annually evaluates the rates at which bachelor’s degree recipients participate in a range of these experiences. Among 2007–08 bachelor’s degree recipients,
87 percent had one or more of the following experiences: lived in a residential learning
community, participated in a first-year interest group, studied abroad, took a servicelearning course, participated in research with a faculty member, completed a for-credit
internship, took an honors or an independent study course, or completed a capstone
experience (table 10). Among new freshmen in fall 2007, 52 percent participated in one
of these activities. This analysis underestimates the full extent to which students engage
in the Wisconsin Experience because methods for capturing all relevant activities in ways
that are verified and included on the student record are still being developed.
Table 10. Wisconsin Experience Participation: Bachelor’s Degree Recipients
Academic
Year
% participating in
at least one activity
2002–03
2003–04
2004–05
2005–06
2006–07
2007–08
69
73
80
84
82
87
% participating in
more than one activityDegree Recipients
34
46
52
57
58
66
6,107
6,156
6,289
6,256
6,017
6,175
Note: Limited to activities that are noted on the student record.
Source: Annual Report on Wisconsin Experience Activities: http://apa.wisc.edu/degrees.html
Independent study courses, available in every major, are one way for students to work
directly with faculty members: for 2007–08, 40 percent of recent bachelor’s degree
recipients completed at least one independent study course (2,470 of 6,175 degree
recipients; figure 14). The annual Undergraduate Symposium42 showcases undergraduate creativity, achievement, research, service learning, and community-based research
from all areas of study at UW–Madison including the humanities, fine arts, biological sciences, physical sciences, and social sciences. For the tenth Undergraduate Symposium
held in April 2008, 400 students presented, displayed, or performed their work for
members of the university, the surrounding community, family, and friends.
450
100
400
# of presenters
300
60
250
200
40
150
100
% of graduates
80
350
20
50
0
0
98-99
99-00
00-01
01-02
02-03
03-04
04-05
05-06
06-07
07-08
Student Symposium Presenters
% of graduates who did independent study
Figure 14. Participants in independent study and the Undergraduate Symposium
The Morgridge Center for Public Service43 coordinates service learning across campus
and works collaboratively with students, staff, faculty, and community partners to offer a
broad range of service opportunities both in and out of the classroom (see Criterion 5b).
UW–Madison offered 102 service learning and community-based research courses in
2007–08, substantially more than the national institutional average of 36 courses. Since
1999, the Morgridge Center has offered Wisconsin Idea Undergraduate Fellowships
(WIF) to fund innovative projects in which undergraduate students, faculty, staff, and community organizations collaborate in a service or research project designed to meet a community need while enhancing student learning. Project areas include (but are not limited
to) community development, health-related issues, economic development, the arts,
education, environmental issues, criminal justice, and alleviation of hunger and poverty.
Many projects have focused on the Madison/Dane County area. Others addressed community issues in other parts of Wisconsin, other states, and internationally.
65
66
Student Learning and Effective Teaching
Developing leadership skills is part of the Wisconsin Experience and credentials of
leadership help students provide evidence of their learning experience. The Leadership
and Involvement Record is a mechanism for students to record leadership roles or
group membership for student organizations, community service activities, intramural
sports, research activities, and more. Offered through My UW’s Student Center, this
documentation can be used to verify out-of-classroom activities to employers, assist with
completing graduate school applications, be provided to individuals writing letters of
reference, and assist with the development of resumes.44 The College of Agricultural
and Life Sciences Leadership Program,45 initiated by the faculty in 2003 at the request
of the officers of the CALS Student Council, includes a one-credit, fall-semester leadership seminar, a leadership certificate, and leadership retreats. As part of the CALS
Leadership Program, a USDA grant supports the training of small groups of students to
facilitate workshops on leadership topics.
It is increasingly important that students develop skills in entrepreneurship. To this
end, UW–Madison launched an entrepreneurship initiative, made possible in part by
a 2006 grant of $5 million from the Kauffman Foundation, to spread entrepreneurship throughout the curriculum.46 Students participate in the 100 Hour Challenge,47
courses and programs newly developed by the Initiative for Studies in Technology
Entrepreneurship,48 and the Entrepreneurship Residential Learning Community, launched
in fall 2008 for 65 students. Students in the residential learning community cultivate
their creativity and transform innovative ideas into action through course work, field
trips, and brainstorming sessions. Faculty and community guests share with residents
what it takes to be entrepreneurial, going beyond the mechanics of starting a business.
A three-credit course on entrepreneurship meets in the residence hall.49
Honors programs50 are designed for students looking for more intensive academic
work. Programs vary among the schools and colleges and are available to undergraduates in College of Agricultural and Life Sciences, School of Business, College of
Engineering, School of Human Ecology, College of Letters and Science, and School of
Nursing. Honors programs include enriched course work and requirements for students
to be involved in research or independent scholarly pursuits. The Letters and Science
Honors Program has established the expectation that academic work within the honors
program shows a progression of increasing challenge and has explicitly adopted the
Essential Learning Outcomes (Criterion 3a).
Several opportunities for graduate and professional student development are
described under Criterion 4a. Additional examples include: the Graduate Student
Professional Development Office, a unit of the Graduate School that coordinates resources
intended to enrich the graduate student experience and to enhance professional skills;51
the Multicultural Graduate Network, which brings graduate students together with
each other and with faculty and staff to build community;52 and the Graduate Student
Collaborative,53 which enhances the involvement, personal development, and quality of
life of graduate students by linking students with Graduate School leadership.
3c.iv. UW–Madison provides students with academic advising, academic
support, and opportunities to receive mentoring.
In addition to the faculty and staff mentoring students receive through independent
research and service-learning opportunities, and the academic advising provided by
every school, college, and academic major, the following additional opportunities are a
sampling of the ways in which students can obtain advising:
• C
ross-College Advising Service54 is a campuswide advising service for undergraduates who are undecided about a major and want to explore the many
academic opportunities on campus.
• T
he Chancellor’s Scholarship Program was established in 1984 to increase
educational opportunities for academically talented undergraduates from underrepresented ethnic minority and culturally disadvantaged groups. Chancellor’s
Scholars are paired with mentors and receive additional academic advising and
co-curricular support. Chancellor’s Scholars graduate at a rate of 90 percent and
more than half pursue graduate/professional degrees.
Student Learning and Effective Teaching
67
Examples of Advising
Services that Support
Learning
Academic Advancement
Program
Business Learning Center
Chemistry Learning Center
Engineering Academic
Support
Fetzer Student-Athlete
Academic Center
Greater University
Tutoring Service
International Student Services
Mathematics Tutorial Program
• P
athways to Excellence55 is a substantial set of support services sponsored by
the College of Letters and Science that promotes an outstanding liberal arts education and find new ways for students to make a difference on campus. Pathways
is based on support for the values of engagement with learning and the larger
world; empowerment of undergraduates to play a central role in the educational
mission of the university; and community building as a way to help students
learn as much from each other as they do from the formal curriculum.
3c.v. UW–Madison provides students with career and educational
advising to facilitate their next transition.
Career services offices, administered through the schools and colleges, assist students
with career planning and job placement. In addition, the Wisconsin Alumni Association
provides an online networking tool and a job-posting board for alumni. The Office of
Corporate Relations, in the Office of the Chancellor, connects people and businesses to
resources on campus, including requests to help recruit students for full-time employment and internships throughout the year.
A number of career services offices work together to host large career fairs targeting
undergraduate students. The fall career event in 2007 brought 232 organizations to
campus, involved 730 employer representatives, and attracted 1,500 students. The
spring Career Expo in 2008 brought 172 organizations to campus, involved 550
employer representatives, and attracted 1,200 students. Several schools and colleges
use the same software program to help connect prospective employers and students
for interviews. The Graduate School continues to expand its services to assist graduate
students in their career development and postdegree planning and placement. Under
the direction of the Office of the Provost and in response to a need expressed by campus
leaders, a working group established in 2008 was charged with finding ways to connect
and share resources across the career services offices of schools and colleges.
An estimated 20 percent of UW–Madison bachelor’s degree recipients continue their
education after graduation (Criterion 3a.). The Undergraduate Academic Awards Office
supports students in seeking high-profile national awards, many of which support graduate education (see Criterion 4a).
Statistics Tutorial Service
TRIO Student Support
Services Program
Writing Center
68
Student Learning and Effective Teaching
3d. The organization’s learning resources support student learning and
effective teaching.
The resources and services described in this section are integrated with and inseparable
from the efforts to support student learning described under Criteria 3a, 3b, and 3c.
This section profiles the major divisions that partner with academic units to make the
Wisconsin Experience possible. Although presented here as discrete units, any successful
learning initiative must and does include representatives from across these units. In fact,
individuals from the units profiled here have been campus leaders in creating a studentcentered learning environment.
Currently in Wisconsin, the governor,
the lieutenant governor, the attorney
general, the superintendent of the
Department of Public Instruction, six
of seven Wisconsin Supreme Court
justices, 24 percent of Wisconsin legislators, and six of the ten members
of Wisconsin’s federal congressional
delegation are UW–Madison alumni.
UW–Madison’s application to the
Carnegie Foundation seeking Community Engagement Status, August 2008
3d.i. Facilities Planning and Management supports student learning and
effective teaching.
Facilities, Planning and Management oversees the physical environment of the campus—
buildings and grounds (see Criteria 2d, 4d). A list of recent building and renovation
projects is long; a few examples illustrate the way that the renewal of the physical infrastructure specifically supports the student learning experience.56
• T
he University Square redevelopment is a public/private partnership that includes
the university’s $57 million wing to house student services including University
Health Services, and offices for the registrar, bursar, financial aid and a student
activity center. It also includes private housing in the heart of campus.
• T
he renovation of Chadbourne Hall, an undergraduate residence hall that houses
the Chadbourne Residential College, is designed to support this residential learning community.
• T
he Arts Loft is an $8.8 warehouse renovation that created instructional labs
and studio space to advance the work of faculty, staff, and students in the art
program.
• T
he Grainger Hall addition ($40M), serves the School of Business MBA program
and Executive Education programs.
• T
he Washburn Observatory renovation ($2.5M) will provide new space for the
Letters and Science Honors Program while retaining the historically significant
first telescope and popular science outreach programs hosted by the ­Department
of Astronomy.
The Classroom Planning and Management team of the Space Management Office is
responsible for the university’s more than 370 general assignment classrooms including:
renovation projects, both minor and major; maintenance and inventory issues; utilization data analysis; classroom technology installation and upgrades; and multimedia
maintenance and support. The Space Management Office57 works in collaboration with
academic units, Office of the Registrar’s Curricular Services, Academic Technologies, and
other units to maintain quality learning environments.
3d.ii. The University Libraries support student learning and effective
teaching.
The University Libraries have been successful in creatively employing technology to make
collections access a priority over ownership. Interlibrary loans, commercial document
delivery, universal borrowing, book retrieval, and growth of the University of Wisconsin
Digital Collection58 are some of these strategies. The use of space in the Libraries now
integrates high levels of technology featuring networking and multimedia capabilities.
Attention to the priorities of visitors has resulted in defined spaces for quiet study, collaborative work spaces that tolerate noise, spaces with food and drink, and spaces with
presentation capabilities. Thus, the libraries have become an important social space for
learning. The libraries have placed an emphasis on delivering resources and services that
support teaching and learning through a range of course management tools, including
[email protected] and the My UW portal. For example, electronic reserves are delivered directly
to My UW (see Criterion 4a).
Student Learning and Effective Teaching
The Library and Information Literacy Instruction
program59 coordinates efforts to promote information literacy in curricula, through outreach
to specific populations, and through other
instructional programming: in 2007–08 the
program reached over 35,000 learners in 2,700
instructional sessions including course-related
sessions, workshops, tours, and orientations.
Information literacy is integrated into the communication components of the General Education
Requirements (see Criteria 3a, 4a). The Libraries
Subject Integration Task force is developing
frameworks for describing the development of
information literacy competencies in graduate
and undergraduate curricula across campus and
librarians’ participation in promoting student
learning. Librarians prepare online instructional
materials such as tutorials and instructional web pages that are used in the context of
these programs and by individual students seeking to improve their research skills.
3d.iii. The Offices of the Dean of Students support student learning and
effective teaching.
Offices of the Dean of Students (ODOS) is dedicated to helping students succeed both
in and out of the classroom, as well as helping them realize their full potential. ODOS
delivers a large number of programs and services to aid students in having a healthy and
productive Wisconsin Experience. ODOS is a resource for faculty, staff, and students on
campus safety and climate issues, crisis planning and response, and much more.60
• Associated Students of Madison,61 the official student government (Criterion 1e)
• Center for the First-Year Experience62 (Criterion 3cii)
• International Student Services63 (Criterion 4c)
• Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender Campus Center64 (Criterion 1b)
• McBurney Disability Resource Center65 (Criterion 1b)
• Multicultural Student Center66 (Criterion 2a)
• Student Advocacy & Judicial Affairs (SAJA)67 (Criterion 1e)
• Center for Leadership and Involvement68 (Criterion 3c.iii)
• Greater University Tutoring Service (GUTS)69 (Criterion 3c.iv)
• Vets for Vets70
3d.iv. The Division of Enrollment Management supports student learning
and effective teaching.
The Division of Enrollment Management71 supports the entire student life cycle: prospective student, applicant, enrolled student, degree recipient, alumna. Together, the
Office of Admissions, Student Financial Aid, the Office of the Registrar, and Integrated
Student Information Systems (ISIS) collaborate with campus partners to ensure student
success.
In addition to recruiting and admitting new undergraduates to campus, the Office of
Admissions72 also admits new transfer and international students. In doing so, they
connect with the Office of International Students73 and with academic advisors across
campus. The Office of Admissions assists with and supports PEOPLE and Posse programs
(precollege recruiting programs, Criterion 5b), the UW Connections Program (Criterion
5c), and the Center for the First-Year Experience (Criterion 3c).
The Office of the Registrar74 establishes streamlined enrollment and student recordsmanagement processes for students, faculty, and administrators. These student records
are the substance and foundation for advising, tracking student progress through courses
69
70
Student Learning and Effective Teaching
and programs, degree audit, and reporting and assessment activities. As the office most
often associated with student privacy rights, the Office of the Registrar is a leader in educating and advising the campus on privacy matters. The Integrated Student Information
System (ISIS), a secure and integrated student information system from which is built
myriad student and academic services, reached its tenth anniversary in 2008.
The Office of Student Financial Aid75 is actively engaged in increasing the amount of
need-based aid available to UW–Madison students. Initiatives include participating in
the efforts of the UW Foundation’s “Great people. Great place.” development campaign
(see Criterion 2a),76 and supporting the resolution passed by the UW–Madison Faculty
Senate in spring 2008 that encourages faculty to contribute to need-based aid.
Offices within the division are undertaking the following major campus initiatives:
• T
he Common Scholarship Application project will give undergraduate students a
single portal for finding and applying for campus-based scholarships.
• T
he Course Guide project will enhance the way the faculty communicates about
courses, engage advisors in supporting student success, and provide a “onestop” experience for students in their search for courses.
• T
he e-Recruitment initiative will enable the development of early and ongoing
relationships with prospective students.
• In collaboration with other campus units, an enterprise-wide imaging project will
create the basis for a secure, campuswide electronic record.
3d.v. Division of Information Technology supports student learning and
effective teaching.
The Division of Information Technology (DoIT) department of Academic Technology
(DoIT/AT) evaluates, recommends, and advances potential solutions that technology
may offer to build strong learning environments. DoIT/AT promotes campuswide relationships among faculty and staff by contributing to leadership of campus initiatives and
teaching and learning organizations. Examples include:
• Technology Enhanced Learning (Criterion 4a)
• C
ommunity of Educational Technology Support (ComETS, pronounced comets)77
is a community that collaborates and shares expertise and resources and promotes events focused on technology, faculty engagement, instructional design,
and associated teaching and learning topics.
Student Learning and Effective Teaching
• C
ustom course development projects contribute to sharing of learning objects
and result in specialized authoring tools that allow additional instructors to create
learning objects designed around pedagogical principles.
• F or the Engage Award program,78 DoIT/AT partners with innovative instructors
to transform higher education by exploring, evaluating, and disseminating best
practices for teaching and learning with technology. A faculty advisory group sets
the direction: recent themes include podcasting, simulations and games, and
group collaboration.
• T
he campuswide course management system includes hosting, vendor relations,
technical administration, end user training and support, and assistance with pedagogical practices for most effective uses.
• C
lasses for students promote technological literacy by training them in applications they will use in their learning, research, and service.
DoIT/AT also works with the Teaching Academy (Criterion 3b), DELTA (Criterion 4a),
and is a co-sponsor of the annual Teaching and Learning Symposium (Criterion 3b).
3d.vi. University Housing supports student learning and effective teaching.
A priority of University Housing is to offer all residents a vibrant living-learning community. University Residence Halls, populated predominately with undergraduates, successfully blend academic and residential life:
• R
esidential learning communities serve more than 20 percent of new freshmen
(see Criterion 3c).
• A
pproximately 40 percent of residents who are first-year students have at least
one course that meets in a residence hall.
• A
bout one-third of residents are assigned to a Cross-College Advising Service
advisor. Those advisors hold office hours in satellite residence hall-based advising
offices that are staffed 40 hours per week.
• M
ath and chemistry tutors make approximately 2,800 student contacts annually
at locations throughout the residence halls.
• Writing Center instructors provide drop-in instruction at five residence halls.
• T
echnology Learning Centers provide services, including laptop checkout, around
the clock.
The richness of this environment is effective: freshmen who live in University Housing
were more likely than their off-campus peers to achieve “above average” (GPA above
3.20) first-semester and first-year grade point averages.79 A top priority of University
Housing is to build an additional residence hall and thereby expand occupancy so that
there is housing space for every first-year student.
3d.vii. The Wisconsin Union supports student learning and effective
teaching.
The Wisconsin Union80 has been uniting the academic and social lives of the university
community for more than seventy-five years. Housed in multiple locations—Memorial
Union, on the shore of Lake Mendota, Union South, and other sites across campus—the
Union serves as a daily gathering place for students, faculty, staff, community members,
and visitors. The Union enriches the learning experience of students through a range of
leadership and service opportunities. Examples include the Morgridge Center for Public
Service (see Criteria 3c, 5c) and the Wisconsin Union Directorate (WUD), a student
activity planning board that designs, manages, and promotes more than a thousand
events, activities, and programs each year. The Union and the activities planned by
WUD link the campus to the community by offering world-class performances at the
Wisconsin Union Theater, hundreds of noncredit Mini Courses, Hoofers outdoor recreation programs, and an array of lecturers, films, and music.
71
72
Student Learning and Effective Teaching
Summary of Evidence
This chapter provides evidence of student learning and teaching effectiveness at
UW–Madison. The Wisconsin Experience and Essential Learning Outcomes together
provide a clear statement of UW–Madison goals for student learning outcomes and a
basis for evaluating progress to these goals and designing improvements. This institutionlevel effort adds to evaluative efforts in academic programs and in general education.
Through an ongoing assessment research program, the general education requirements
for undergraduates are known to support student learning: analysis has provided evidence on which to base plans for improvement.
UW–Madison demonstrates a commitment to effective teaching by providing extensive
Web-based “just in time” resources, professional development symposia that are focused
on teaching and pedagogy, a forum for building instructional excellence in the Teaching
Academy, monetary support, and awards that celebrate excellence in teaching.
UW–Madison creates effective learning environments by offering students a wealth of
learning experiences, by supporting students throughout their course of study and especially at transition points (including when students are new and when they are preparing
to graduate), and by seeking to expand and improve a set of rich learning immersion
experiences that are foundational to the Wisconsin Experience (residential learning communities, first-year interest groups, research experiences, internships, service learning,
and leadership experiences).
A wealth of physical and organizational learning resources support student learning.
Many of the units in which these resources are based they have been leaders in building a
student-centered environment: FPM and its support for the physical environment, buildings, and classrooms; University Libraries and its leadership in staying ahead of trends in
virtual and physical information resources for learning; Offices of the Dean of Students
which leads in inspiring students to live the Wisconsin Idea; Enrollment Management,
the foundation for student services and evaluative activities; and University Housing,
which gives students a vibrant living-learning community.
Future Challenges and Areas for Improvement
• M
ore effectively compile existing evidence of student learning and progress
toward meeting the goals of the Wisconsin Experience and the Essential Learning Outcomes. Engage in an ongoing effort to devise and implement additional
strategies and methods, including more direct methods, to more profoundly
understand how students experience their education.
• S
trive to become more effective and more transparent in communicating to both
internal and external audiences about the effectiveness and value of the learning
experience within the Wisconsin Experience framework.
• A
s described by the Wisconsin Experience, engage students in learning experiences
that transform their thinking, their lives. Expand the richness of opportunities for
students to be active in research experiences, field-based learning opportunities,
international study, and internships. A perennial task is to more effectively track
participation in the range of experiences that comprise the Wisconsin Experience,
both curricular and co-curricular, as a basis for evaluative activities.
• M
ore effectively coordinate the many career-services units across campus as an
outcome of work by a 2008 task force.
• T
hrough the “Great people. Great place.” campaign and the work of the Office
of Student Financial Aid, increase need-based financial aid and make existing aid
available through more streamlined processes.
Student Learning and Effective Teaching
Notes
1.www.learning.wisc.edu
2.The Wisconsin Experience description originated with Aaron Brower, Vice Provost for Teaching
and Learning, and Lori Berquam, Dean of Students, and has subsequently been adopted widely
through “convergence.”
3.www.aacu.org/LEAP
4.www.ls.wisc.edu/gened/LEAP
5.www.provost.wisc.edu/assessment
6.http://apa.wisc.edu/accreditation.html
7.www.provost.wisc.edu/assessment/Assessment_Reports.html
8.www.ls.wisc.edu/Assess/Plans/2006/History2006.pdf
9.http://lang.nalrc.wisc.edu/nalrc
10.www.provost.wisc.edu/assessment/Assessment_Reports.html
11.www.provost.wisc.edu/assessment/Assessment_Funds.html
12.http://apa.wisc.edu/degrees_alumni.html
13. 2008 Alumni Profiles, http://apa.wisc.edu/Alumni/alumni_profiles.html
14.http://socwork.wisc.edu/new_web/field/09-10_Field_Handbook.pdf,p. 11
15.www.ls.wisc.edu/curriculum
16.www.ls.wisc.edu/gened
17.www.ls.wisc.edu/gened/assessment/default.htm
18.www.uwsa.edu/opar/accountability
19.www.apa.wisc.edu/collegeportrait.pdf
20.http://apa.wisc.edu/home_common_data.html
21.http://apa.wisc.edu/performance_students_surveys.html
22.www.provost.wisc.edu/teach.html
23.www.newstudent.wisc.edu/firstyear/conference.html
24.www.learning.wisc.edu/tlsymposium
25.http://teachingacademy.wisc.edu
26.www.wisc.edu/cbe/
27.www.ohr.wisc.edu/grants/facsabb.html
28.www.tle.wisc.edu
29.http://apa.wisc.edu/degrees_grad_ret.html
30.http://registrar.em.wisc.edu/faculty/degree_majors_options_certificates
31.http://apa.wisc.edu/acad_plng_ProgramReview.html
32.http://apa.wisc.edu/acad_plng.html
33.www.secfac.wisc.edu/divcomm
34.www.newstudent.wisc.edu
35.http://apa.wisc.edu/degrees_grad_ret.html
36.http://apa.wisc.edu/admissions_transfers.html
37.www.admissions.wisc.edu/transfer.php
38.www.learning.wisc.edu/communities/res.html
39.www.livelearnstudy.net
40.www.lssaa.wisc.edu/figs
41.www.dcs.wisc.edu/info
42.www.learning.wisc.edu/ugsymposium
43.www.morgridge.wisc.edu/students/wif.html
44.http://soo.studentorg.wisc.edu/How%20to%20use%20L&I%20with%20web%20pictures.pdf
45.www.cals.wisc.edu/students/leadership
46.www.wiscontrepreneurship.org
47.www.wiscontrepreneurship.org/challenge
48.www.bus.wisc.edu/insite
73
74
Student Learning and Effective Teaching
49.www.housing.wisc.edu/erlc/linksCommunity.html
50.www.provost.wisc.edu/honors/schoolscolleges.html
51.http://info.gradsch.wisc.edu/education/gspd
52.http://info.gradsch.wisc.edu/mgn
53.www.grad.wisc.edu/education/gsc
54.www.ccas.wisc.edu
55.www.lssaa.wisc.edu/pathways
56.www.news.wisc.edu/15273
57.https://fpm-www3.fpm.wisc.edu/spacemanagementoffice/Home/tabid/54/Default.aspx
58.http://uwdc.library.wisc.edu
59.www.lib.wisc.edu/instruction
60.www.wisc.edu/students
61.www.asm.wisc.edu/cms
62.http://newstudent.wisc.edu
63.www.iss.wisc.edu
64.www.wisc.edu/lgbt
65.www.mcburney.wisc.edu
66.http://msc.wisc.edu/msc
67.www.wisc.edu/students/saja/index.html
68.http://soo.studentorg.wisc.edu
69.http://guts.studentorg.wisc.edu
70.http://vets.studentorg.wisc.edu
71.www.provost.wisc.edu/enrollman.html
72.www.admissions.wisc.edu
73.www.iss.wisc.edu
74.www.registrar.wisc.edu
75.www.finaid.wisc.edu
76.www.news.wisc.edu/15334
77.http://comets.wisc.edu
78.www.engage.wisc.edu
79.http://apa.wisc.edu/Fall_2005_Freshman_Outcomes.pdf
80.www.union.wisc.edu
Acquisition, Discovery, and Application of Knowledge
75
Criterion four:
Acquisition, Discovery, and
Application of Knowledge
4. The organization promotes a life of learning for its faculty,
administration, staff, and students by fostering and supporting inquiry, creativity, practice, and social responsibility in ways
consistent with its mission.
As evidence of this institution’s promotion of “a life of learning” for faculty, administrators, staff, and students that is consistent with its mission, this chapter highlights
the many structures and resources supporting the breadth and depth of research
and creative works on the campus, and demonstrates the numerous ways in which
UW–Madison supports inquiry, creativity, practice, and social responsibility. Numerous
examples of activities demonstrate the university’s support for lifelong learning.
Commitments to research/scholarship, teaching, and service are central to the mission
of UW–Madison. Deeply embedded within these traditions at this institution is the belief
that discoveries should translate and be applied to deepen understanding and improve
conditions in the world. Evidence of the ways in which this is enacted at UW–Madison
is found here, and also in several of the special emphasis team chapters, including The
Public University, Discovery and Learning, and Global Citizens.
4a. The organization demonstrates, through the actions of its board,
administrators, students, faculty, and staff that it values a life of learning.
Described here are several key UW–Madison resources that facilitate the dissemination
of information and provide core services to enhance the learning experience, including
the libraries and the technological resources that keep UW–Madison on the forefront of
knowledge. Also presented are several individualized learning opportunities that represent the institution’s commitment to lifelong learning for students, faculty, staff, alumni,
and community members. The extensive resources allocated by the institution make
possible a variety of activities that offer a range of opportunities for lifelong learning for
all members of the campus and community.
“Without graduate students there
is no research university. The faculty
absolutely cannot do the work they
do without graduate students. And
they are essential partners, not only
in research, but also in teaching, and
they add great value to the teaching
of undergraduates. In addition, the
path that graduate students mark
out in their studies actually bring faculty together from different disciplines
and different parts of the university,
and they advance the knowledge of
faculty as well as of students themselves. They not only become the
next generation of university professors, scientists and scholars—they go
on to distinguished careers in other
nonprofits, in industry and in government, and a significant number of
graduate students who earn their
Ph.D.s here stay in the state and they
become the professors for other campuses or they become part of industry
and bring much needed expertise to
the state.”
Chancellor Carolyn “Biddy” Martin
On Wisconsin event, October 23, 2008
76
Acquisition, Discovery, and Application of Knowledge
4a.i Library and technology resources
An overall theme and focus for the libraries over the last ten years has been the emphasis
on strategic partnerships and collaborations. Because annual inflationary increases for
scholarly journals have significantly outpaced the institution’s ability to pay, campus
libraries are forced to rely on access rather than ownership of necessary scholarly material. Campus libraries have been successful in creatively employing technology to make
it easier and transparent for faculty, staff, and students to get what they need to do
their work. Today faculty, staff, and students rely more heavily on interlibrary loan, commercial document delivery, universal borrowing, and book-retrieval and book-return
services.
The development and growth of the digital library is significant and noteworthy, pointing
to numerous key partnerships. Faculties from a broad range of schools and colleges
have brought forward project ideas as well as content for inclusion in the University
of Wisconsin Digital Collections.1 Partnerships with Google as a library partner in the
Google Book Search and work with the University of Michigan on the CIC shared digital
repository2 make available huge quantities of material in full text.
The libraries emphasize delivery of resources and services that support instruction and
teaching to the UW–Madison portal (My UW), [email protected], and other course-management tools. Course content integration, including electronic reserves, is now delivered
directly to the portal along with other campus resources needed by students to do
their work. Library course pages are now integrated into [email protected] Delivering the
required pieces of information and resources where needed has been a recent focus for
the libraries (see also Criterion 3d.iii).
The Technology-Enhanced Learning Project,3 now in its second year, allocates
$500,000 a year for model projects that enhance student learning through the use of
technology. The project signifies the institution’s recognition that investments in new
technologies and teaching enhancements are critical for the institution to stay at the
cutting edge. The project encourages collaboration across administrative units and prioritizes projects that have the potential for application beyond the initial pilot stage.
4a.ii. Recognition of faculty, staff, and student accomplishments
Recognition of Faculty and Staff
Recognition of faculty and staff research and scholarly excellence is an important part of
the culture at UW–Madison and evidences that the institution values a life of learning.
The outstanding accomplishments and contributions of faculty to their respective scholarly communities are recognized through announcements of recognition and awards.
Faculty members at UW–Madison are the recipients of the some of the highest academic honors awarded. Since 1972, forty-four UW–Madison faculty members have
been elected to the National Academies of Sciences, eighteen to the National Academy
of Engineering, and ten to the National Institute of Medicine. Faculty members also
have been elected to the National Academy of Education and the National Academy
of Public Administration. Nearly two dozen have received National Science Foundation
Presidential Early Career Awards.
Faculty at UW–Madison have been named Fulbright Scholars, and have been awarded
the National Medals of Science, and faculty and alumni have won Nobel and Pulitzer
Prizes. Receipt of these awards is well-publicized through school/college and campus
publications and announcements. Numerous named professorships, such as the WARF
Named Professorships awards,4 recognize outstanding faculty members.
Beyond publicity for national awards and named professorships, the university regularly
recognizes faculty and staff for excellence through a number of annual awards.5 These
awards demonstrate the myriad of efforts under way to promote teaching, research, and
service.
• Faculty Hilldale awards for excellence in teaching, research, and service
• Distinguished Teaching Awards
• Research Achievement Awards
Acquisition, Discovery, and Application of Knowledge
• Kellett Mid-Career Awards
• WARF H.I. Romnes Faculty Awards
• Academic Staff Excellence Awards
• The Chancellor’s Hilldale Award for Excellence in Teaching
• The Chancellor’s Award for Excellence in Research
• The Chancellor’s Award for Excellence in Service to the University
• Wisconsin Alumni Association Award for Excellence in Leadership
• Robert Heideman Award for Excellence in Public Service and Outreach
• Martha Casey Award for Dedicated Service to the University
• Ann Wallace Career Achievement Award
• Classified Employee Recognition Award
• Arts Institute Award
The Graduate School provides research funding for faculty through its annual crosscampus Research Committee competition, as well as funding for faculty travel to
domestic and international meetings, named professorships, mid-career awards, and
faculty fellowships. Other Graduate School programs provide grants to help transfer
technologies from the laboratory to the marketplace. Among other outcomes, these
awards provide support for faculty to make critical connections with colleagues in their
disciplines around the globe and share their research to advance scholarship.
Recognition of Students
The Undergraduate Academic Awards office,6 established in 2005, serves the entire
campus by providing infrastructural support and advising to outstanding students who
have been nominated for campuswide and nationally competitive scholarships such as
the Rhodes and Marshall scholarships.
In addition, there are various awards for research conducted by students, and awards for
students and faculty who work together on research projects:7
• B
ascom Hill Society Scholarship: one-year scholarship for student with
distinguished record of service/leadership/academic achievement
• Herfurth-Kubly Award: recognizes outstanding seniors
• H
illdale Research Fellowship: funds student/faculty collaborative research
in any field
• Hirsch Family Award: recognizes creative work showcasing UW–Madison
• H
olstrom Scholarship: funds student/faculty collaborative environmental
research
• Meyerhoff: recognizes students who excel in leadership/service/scholarship
• University Book Store Award: recognizes independent work in any field
At the graduate level, many teaching and research awards are announced annually,
and the institution celebrates the outstanding and vital contributions graduate students
make to the education of undergraduate students and to the research conducted here.
Examples of these awards include:
• L&S Teaching Fellow Prize
• Innovation in Teaching Award, a campuswide TA award
• Chemistry Department Teaching Assistant Excellence Award
• Graduate School Teaching Prize
• French-Felten Award for Inspirational Teaching in L&S
• Graduate Student International Field Research Awards
• University Fellowships8
• T
wo-Year Recruitment Fellowships in the Social Sciences and Arts and
Humanities9
77
78
Acquisition, Discovery, and Application of Knowledge
4a.iii. Professional development as an investment to advance our mission
The university understands the value of providing a range of opportunities for professional development for faculty, staff, and students. There are numerous programs and
opportunities for members of the campus community. These programs facilitate the
development of a deeper understanding of the institution and its mission, and create
learning and professional-growth opportunities that assist with retention.
Professional Development for Faculty and Staff
The most recent campus strategic plan has among its main priorities to “nurture
human resources.” During the last decade, the point persons for the Nurturing
Human Resources priority identified a number of specific initiatives for students and for
employees. Examples include successful efforts to increase the availability of campus
child care, completion of faculty and staff worklife surveys to identify campus needs,
expansion of opportunities for new employee orientation and mentoring, and further
development of programs that increase and sustain diversity. Details regarding opportunities for development of teaching skills are found under Criterion 3b.
The Faculty Sabbatical Leave Program10 makes possible faculty members’ engagement
in intensive study in their disciplines, and provides opportunities to focus on becoming
more effective teachers. Sabbatical leave may be granted for the purpose of enhancing
teaching, course and curriculum development, or conducting research or any other
scholarly activities related to instructional programs within the field of expertise.
Faculty members are eligible for a sabbatical after six years of service and every six years
­thereafter.
The Office of Human Resource Development (OHRD)11 was created with the recognition that greater investment in human resource development would have a very
positive impact on the campus. OHRD partners with learning providers across campus
to promote professional development efforts within the university. OHRD offers online
learning opportunities for skill-building for faculty and staff12 and partners on many
other programs. In addition to providing a range of learning opportunities, the office
maintains a database that provides employees with an extensive list of professional
development opportunities to choose from, and a convenient online record of their
participation in various professional development programs. One of the most notable
new opportunities is the Leadership and Management Development offerings, which
now span four developmental levels of skills, knowledge, and abilities.
Evidence of the success of these partnerships is the growth in participation over the last
ten years. In 1998–99, OHRD records show 660 participants in 32 development events;
in 2007–08, records show more than 21,400 participants in more than 1,200 events.
Examples of Human Resource Development Initiatives
In 2001, a Cultural and Linguistic Services (CLS) unit in the Office of Human Resource
Development was established to enhance communications between employees and
supervisors/managers, identify professional development events for employees with
limited English proficiency, support managers/supervisors as they address climate/cultural issues, and provide translation services for documents and policies. A key focus for
CLS is to provide translation and interpretation support for employees whose employing
units face communication challenges. Currently, assistance is provided in five languages.
In addition, CLS taught a series of occupational Spanish and Hmong classes for managers
and supervisors of University Housing, the School of Medicine and Public Health, the
Primate Center, the Wisconsin Union, and the College of Agricultural and Life Sciences.
CLS delivered approximately 2,400 hours over the last three years of direct service to
employees through interpretation and cultural communication instruction in workshops
and meetings. This compares to 232 hours of direct service in the initial year.
One program that helps employees work in an increasingly diverse environment is the
Leadership Institute,13 which offers a safe and respectful environment for engaging
in a sustained dialogue about one’s self and others, the meaning of work, and leadership. The institute provides a forum for employees to examine where they are in their
careers, and to re-envision future possibilities to help lead UW–Madison into an increas-
Acquisition, Discovery, and Application of Knowledge
ingly complex future. A major goal is to enhance
and build capacities to work and lead more effectively, thereby contributing toward an affirming
campus climate, validating diverse world views
and ways of being in the world.
Recognizing that the administration of an
increasingly complex organization such as the
university requires individuals holding leadership
positions to be aware of and prepared to manage
complex processes, several new training opportunities have been developed. New chairs orientations provide faculty who assume academic
department chair positions with the tools and
knowledge of relevant policies and procedures,
and information about the varied resources and
people available to assist them. In 2008, the
provost’s office, under the leadership of the vice
provost for faculty and staff, developed a weeklong, intensive department-chair training.
The training is coupled with an online Toolkit14 and ongoing “Chairs’ Chats.”15
Additional opportunities for emerging campus leaders include the Committee on
Institutional Cooperation’s Administrative Leadership Program (CIC-ALP) and the
Kauffman Administrative Development Program,16 begun in 1985. The Kauffman
program gives faculty, limited appointees, academic staff, and classified staff who currently hold administrative positions a chance to become more familiar with UW–Madison
and its relationship with the UW System and the state, enhances their knowledge and
skills, and expands their campuswide network of knowledgeable sources.
In 2006 the OHRD began New Employee Orientation sessions. Offered on a monthly
basis, these sessions provide new employees with an introduction to campus and help
ensure that new employees feel welcomed and know where to turn if they have questions
(see Building Community special emphasis chapter). On a rotating basis, the chancellor,
provost, or vice chancellor for administration participate in this half-day program.
Support for Students
Opportunities that demonstrate that the institution values a life of learning include the
Undergraduate Symposium, Undergraduate Research Scholars Program, service learning
and community-based research opportunities coordinated through the Morgridge
Center for Public Service, and the Wisconsin Idea Undergraduate Fellowships. The
annual Undergraduate Symposium17 provides an opportunity for students to demonstrate the knowledge they have gained through their research experiences, and is also
a valuable opportunity for students to learn to describe their work to those who may
not be familiar with the highly technical or specialized vocabulary in a particular discipline. Please see Criterion 3c.iii for detailed evidence of UW–Madison’s commitment to
provide academic enrichment opportunities for students.
The university supports service learning opportunities that are applied and serve the
broader community through the Morgridge Center for Public Service18 (see Criteria 3,
5b). The breadth of opportunities for students to engage within and beyond the classroom is captured in the term the Wisconsin Experience19 (see Criterion 3).
The DELTA Program,20 a UW–Madison outgrowth of a nationwide NSF-funded Center
for the Integration of Research, Teaching and Learning (CIRTL) consortium,21 specifically serves graduate students in science, engineering, and mathematics who are interested in exploring the relationship between teaching and research. Through three core
ideas—teaching-as-research, learning-through-diversity, and learning community—
DELTA supports current and future faculty in their ongoing improvement of student
learning. The program provides internship opportunities, graduate classes, a graduate
certificate, mentor training, and workshops. Graduate students seeking to enhance their
teaching skills can avail themselves of a number of opportunities, including the Delta
Program’s Certificate in Research, Teaching and Learning.
79
80
Acquisition, Discovery, and Application of Knowledge
Wisconsin Program for Scientific Teaching.22
The goal of the WPST, supported by the Howard
Hughes Medical Institute Professors program, is
to enhance undergraduate biology education by
training a new generation of “scientific teachers,”
namely faculty who bring the rigor and spirit of
science research to teaching. WPST promotes
the participation of faculty and future faculty,
graduate students and postdocs, as vital educational resources by training them to become outstanding mentors and classroom teachers.
School of Veterinary Medicine Teaching for
Student Learning Resources.23 The School
of Veterinary Medicine has compiled a virtual
resource center for first-time and experienced
instructors in the school.
Training for Teaching Assistants. The university provides numerous resources for graduate students to improve their teaching, and rewards those who take advantage of
them (see Criterion 3b). The colleges of Letters and Science, and Engineering, where
many of the teaching assistants are employed, provide online and real-time training. In
addition, more than twenty courses on teaching are offered by departments in various
schools and colleges each semester.24
In Letters and Science alone, each semester more than one thousand graduate students
are appointed to serve as teaching assistants. Pedagogical training for TAs is intended
to help the university achieve two goals: improved classroom instruction for undergraduates and professional development for TAs who will move on to faculty positions.
TA training at the university is mandated by the terms of the collective bargaining
agreement between the State of Wisconsin and the Teaching Assistants’ Association.
According to that agreement, eight hours of training are required for new TAs, and
at least two of those hours must come during the first semester. The L&S TA Resource
Center provides training workshops and helps departments and TAs with individual consultation. In addition, many departments provide TA training and incorporate a requirement for a teaching experience into the requirements of the graduate program.25
The Graduate School supports professional development opportunities and opportunities for networking among graduate students26 including, for example:
• CIC Traveling Scholars Program
• H
umanities Exposed (HEX) Programs encourage community-based research for
graduate students in the humanities.
• W
isconsin Entrepreneurial Bootcamp (WEB) provides physical/life science or
engineering graduate students with an introduction to entrepreneurship and the
tools, skills, and issues faced in technology entrepreneurship.
• Graduate Student Professional Development Symposium
• T
he Elizabeth Hirschfelder Award27 for up to three graduate women in physics, math, and chemistry. The purpose of the award is to provide funding for
research-related activities and to encourage graduate women in science.
Additional evidence of the range of resources for graduate students to enhance their
capabilities is available on the Web site of the Graduate School.28
Lifelong Learning
The Division of Continuing Studies29 provides learning opportunities for learners at
all stages, from precollege to lifelong learning credit and noncredit experiences. The
division, serving in a coordinating role to ensure a range of educational opportunities,
offers career workshops, a Youth Options Program (making college-level courses available to high school students who seek academic opportunities beyond what their local
high school curriculum is able to provide), and travel study programs in collaboration
Acquisition, Discovery, and Application of Knowledge
with the Wisconsin Alumni Association. It also coordinates some capstone certificates. In
addition, the division oversees the Extension agreements (see Criterion 5).
The Wisconsin Alumni Association, an affiliated organization of the university, provides alumni with many lifelong learning opportunities, including travel, Grandparents
University, online courses, Day on Campus, and many arts and cultural events.30
4b. The organization demonstrates that acquisition of a breadth of
knowledge and skills and the exercise of intellectual inquiry are integral
to its educational programs.
The Graduate School31 has overall responsibility for research and graduate education.
This dual responsibility reflects the symbiotic relationship between research and graduate education; success in one is closely aligned with success in the other. Furthermore,
there are the opportunities for undergraduate students at UW–Madison to participate
in cutting-edge research and creative arts enterprises, working closely with faculty, staff,
and graduate students. Students at all levels witness deep engagement in intellectual
inquiry and come to understand how integral it is to all of the university’s educational
programs. Table 11 below provides a snapshot of changes in research at UW–Madison
over nearly a decade.
UW–Madison received $724.7 million in extramural gift and grant awards for research in
2006–07. Nationally, UW–Madison ranks among the top universities for federal research
expenditures; UW–Madison has ranked in the top five for more than 25 years.
Table 11. Comparison of Selected Measures for Research
Research Awards (millions of dollars)
Federally funded research awards
Non-federally funded research awards
Total research awards
Research Expenditures (millions of dollars)
National rank, total academic NSF science and engineering research expenditures
Federal grants and contracts
Gifts and endowments
Revolving funds
State taxes
Total research expenditures 1998
2007
$274.6
$232.4
$507.1
$565.4
$463.2
$1,028.6
3rd
3rd
$235.0
$110.6
$8.8
$48.7
$403.1
$439.3
$178.1
$24.8
$63.8
$706.1
Total Research Expenditures by School/College (millions of dollars)
College of Agricultural and Life Sciences
75.4
School of Business
3.7
School of Education
15.2
College of Engineering
41.5
Nelson Institute for Environmental Studies
2.4
Graduate School
67.2
School of Human Ecology
0.3
Law School
1.3
College of Letters and Science
61.4
School of Medicine and Public Health
114.8
School of Nursing
1.7
School of Pharmacy
4.5
School of Veterinary Medicine
10.4
Other divisions
3.3
Total Research Expenditures
403.1
Source: 2007–08 Data Digest
103.3
8.3
22.6
66.3
4.0
130.8
1.0
1.2
106.1
218.9
2.7
10.5
22.5
7.8
706.0
81
82
Acquisition, Discovery, and Application of Knowledge
Table 12. Faculty Research Awards 1998–2007
Total ResearchReturn per Average Faculty
Year
Awards* (millions)GPR Dollar Invested **Research Award***
1998–99
1999–2000
2000–01
2001–02
2002–03
2003–04
2004–05
2005–06
2006–07
$417.3
$445.2
$509.4
$561.2
$583.5
$704.8
$769.8
$703.0
$724.7
$8.4
$8.6
$9.0
$9.4
$9.9
$12.7
$13.9
$12.4
$12.1
$284,028
$293,268
$324,457
$364,462
$361,735
$436,846
$481,787
$439,517
$435,446
*Includes some multiyear grants awarded in single year. **Total research awards divided by GPR
supported research. ***Average award for faculty members receiving awards that year. In any given
year, approximately two-thirds of UW–Madison faculty members are principal investigators on
extramural research projects.
Source: UW–Madison Accountability Report: Achieving Excellence, 2007
The average faculty research award was $435,446 in 2006–07 (table 12). The institution’s strength in research is the result of the efforts of thousands of individuals—faculty
members, postdoctoral fellows, graduate students, and academic and classified staff
members—who work in research groups and support the research process. UW–Madison
annually conducts more than $700 million of research across all fields.32 Since 1998, the
proportion of research support from nonfederal sources has shifted slightly in some
categories, including an increased reliance on UW Foundation funds and a decrease in
the percentage of research funded by business and industry (figure 15). Much of the
non-federally supported and federally supported research has been initiated with seed
money provided by the Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation, the technology transfer
arm of the university.
As an institution, UW–Madison seeks to nurture outstanding scholarship across all parts
of the intellectual landscape. Further evidence of this may be found distributed among
the schools and colleges through the form of disciplinary honors and awards garnered
by faculty, staff, and students.
The Graduate School sets university-wide standards and policies, serves in a special advocacy and communication role, and promotes diversity initiatives aimed at increasing
the recruitment and retention of underrepresented graduate students. The Graduate
School fulfills these roles by initiating and incubating new ideas, and facilitating research
and graduate education through partnerships with schools/colleges and other campus
units. UW–Madison has approximately 9,000 graduate students spread across more
than 100 programs. According to a recent issue of America’s Best Graduate Schools, published by U.S. News and World Report, more than 50 programs at UW–Madison rank
among the top ten nationally. The institution also is proud to be the intellectual home
of nearly 2,000 international graduate students from approximately 100 countries. The
tremendous breadth of academic resources, along with a world-renowned faculty are
two reasons why the institution’s graduate programs consistently attract some of the
top students from the United States and throughout the world.
The Graduate School provides an administrative home for 17 multidisciplinary research
centers and institutes. These centers involve faculty, staff, and students from the natural
sciences, social sciences, and the arts and humanities. Together they generate, on an
annual basis, more than $160 million in extramural research awards. They also play an
important role in terms of graduate education and outreach.
Organizationally, the office of Research and Sponsored Programs (RSP), under the
direction of the dean of the Graduate School/vice chancellor for research, serves as the
central administrative organization for supporting externally funded research. RSP assists
in research funds management, provides a central source of information on policies and
procedures regarding research funding, and provides oversight to ensure effort reporting
and other compliance requirements of grants are met. The office provides critical support
for the research faculty and staff to ensure that grant funding and activities are managed
responsibly and in compliance with all local, state, and federal laws. Figure 16 shows
the overall growth in federal and nonfederal research support received. There is some
Acquisition, Discovery, and Application of Knowledge
Non-Federal
Research Awards
in 1998
Other
8%
Non-Federal
Research Awards
in 2007
Business and
Industry
29%
Other
21%
Other
Foundations
26%
83
Business
and Industry
18%
WARF
16%
Other
Foundations
20%
WARF
21%
UW
Foundation
16%
UW
Foundation
25%
Figure 15. Proportion of nonfederal research expenditures by type, 1998 and 2007 Source: 2007–08 Data Digest, p. 56
Extramural
Millions of Dollars
1200
Awards
1000
800
600
400
200
0
1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
Research
Other Programs
Total
Annual Count
Figure 16. Extramural research support, 1997–2007 Source: Data Digest, p. 47
500
450
400
350
300
250
200
150
100
50
0
1997
Trends in Technology Transfer Indicators
Invention Disclosures
New US Patent Applications Filed
US Patents Issued
Licenses and Options Yielding Income
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
Calendar Year
Figure 17. Trends in technology and transfer data
Source: 2007–08 Data Digest p. 57
concern on campus that RSP staff members are stretched by the volume of work they
face, given the increase in research and federal funding over the last decade. Efforts are
under way to address this concern.
Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation
The Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation (WARF) (see Overview) works with business
and industry to transform university research into real products benefiting society at
large (figure 17). Over the years WARF has developed a model of technology transfer
based upon true partnership with the UW–Madison and industry, an approach that
today makes it one of the most successful long-term benefactors of technological innovation and public welfare in the country.
84
Acquisition, Discovery, and Application of Knowledge
The official mission of this private, nonprofit organization is to support scientific research
at UW–Madison. Since making its first grant of $1,200 in 1928, WARF has contributed
more than $915 million to UW–Madison, including monies to fund research, build facilities, purchase lands and equipment, and support a bevy of faculty and graduate student
fellowships each year.
Centers and Institutes
UW–Madison has 240 centers, institutes, or center-like units.33 The large number of
active centers, institutes, and center-like units at UW–Madison evidences a long tradition
of collaboration and cross-disciplinary research and scholarship. It is part of the culture
of the institution that faculty, staff, and students work in this manner. Indeed, evidence
of this tradition is found in the fact that approximately 45 percent of faculty have multiple department/unit affiliations (including those with salaries split between units and
zero-dollar appointments).
A number of these centers and institutes are administratively connected with the Graduate
School, including the Biotechnology Center, the Institute on Aging, the Physical Sciences
Laboratory, the Synchrotron Radiation Center, the Stem Cell and Regenerative Medicine
Center, and the Wisconsin Institutes for Discovery; however, centers and institutes are
administratively managed by units across campus.
Interdisciplinary Innovations
Over the last decade, UW–Madison embarked on a number of initiatives that capitalize
on the institution’s deep commitment to supporting faculty and staff in collaborative,
cross-disciplinary, and cutting-edge scholarship. These initiatives demonstrate that the
institutional culture at Wisconsin seeks to promote and extend the boundaries of disciplines and create interdisciplinary activity that has become a trademark of the university.
What follows is a description of the Cluster Hiring Initiative, the emerging Wisconsin
Institutes for Discovery, and several examples of research and scholarship that highlight the institution’s commitment to collaborative and interdisciplinary activity. Many
of these activities evidence a deep commitment to engaging in activities that serve the
public and improve the quality of life for all.
Cluster Hiring Initiative34
One example of an innovative strategy to promote cross-disciplinary scholarship is the
UW–Madison Cluster Hiring Initiative. This initiative, an outgrowth of the campus strategic planning process, was launched in 1998 as part of the Madison Plan, an innovative
proposal conceived by then Chancellor David Ward to hire 150 new faculty members
to keep UW–Madison at the forefront of research and knowledge, and to advance the
state’s economy. The Cluster Hiring Initiative supports the expansion of knowledge that
is arising, increasingly, from more than one discipline. Clusters have been formed in
areas such as biophotonics, genomics, communication technology, and visual culture.
The funding strategy leveraged gift funds (UW Foundation) and patent licensing income
(WARF) to secure new state funding specifically targeting new faculty lines.
The stated objectives of the Cluster Hiring Initiative are to:
• e
nable the campus to devote a critical mass of faculty to an area of knowledge
that would not be addressed through existing departmental structures;
• provide for new research tracks and collaborative opportunities;
• address complex societal problems;
• a
dvance the Wisconsin Idea by serving society’s needs through interdisciplinary
research, learning, and service;
• encourage and foster cooperation within an already strong faculty and staff;
• create new curricular offerings on the undergraduate and graduate levels; and
• a
ssist in fulfilling other missions of the university, particularly increasing campus
diversity.
Acquisition, Discovery, and Application of Knowledge
Oversight of the initiative lies with the vice provost for faculty and staff in collaboration
with a Cluster Hiring/Interdisciplinary Advisory Committee. To date, the Cluster Hiring
Initiative has authorized 49 clusters with 144 faculty positions in a variety of interdisciplinary areas (138 centrally funded cluster positions, matched by six positions from
schools/colleges).
The university recognizes the need to evaluate the success of the Cluster Hiring Initiative
and find ways to continuously improve the structures and processes to minimize barriers
to success in interdisciplinary and cross-disciplinary research. An initial evaluation was
conducted in 200335 and in 2008, a follow-up evaluation was completed36 with observations and recommendations for future directions.
For the last three years, the institution has hosted an interdisciplinarity conference37 to
bring together faculty and staff involved in cluster and interdisciplinary research activities. The conferences focused on questions such as: What will the interdisciplinary campus
of the future be like? How will it be managed and administered? What will the implications
be for buildings and grounds, fundraising, tenure and promotion, graduate and undergraduate education, research and collaboration, information management, and public/private
engagement?
In addition, the vice provost for faculty and staff is leading discussions around the issue
of tenure guidelines, with particular attention being paid to the ways in which interdisciplinary scholarship is recognized in criteria for granting tenure.38
Wisconsin Institutes for Discovery39
Another example of the institution’s commitment to supporting the acquisition, discovery,
and application of knowledge in an interdisciplinary context is the Wisconsin Institutes
for Discovery. These twin institutes, comprised of the public Wisconsin Institute for
Discovery and the private Morgridge Institute for Research,40 will be state-of-the-art
facilities intended not only to bring together scientists from a broad spectrum of disciplines, but also to involve faculty and staff in the arts and humanities, education, and
outreach, as well as scholars of the interdisciplinary research process itself.
In 2004, Wisconsin Governor Jim Doyle proposed the formation of the Wisconsin
Institutes for Discovery with the hopes that it would help to strengthen the state’s position in science and technology and stimulate the economy. In support of this proposal,
alumni John and Tashia Morgridge pledged $50 million—the largest individual gift in
the university’s history—toward construction of the institutes. The Morgridge gift was
matched by a $50 million donation from the Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation
(WARF) and a state contribution of $50 million advocated by Doyle and approved by the
State Building Commission. Once construction is complete in 2010, the $150 million
85
86
Acquisition, Discovery, and Application of Knowledge
facility will encompass the entire 1300 block of University Avenue between Randall
Avenue and Orchard Street.
In February 2007, the institutes’ research program was officially launched with the
naming of eight recipients of Discovery Seed Grants.41 Their projects encompass
methods for discovering new drugs and detecting disease early; treatments for inflammatory diseases, attention deficit disorder and chronic wounds; advanced “microlenses” with medical applications; large-scale production of human embryonic stem
cells; and studies focused on eliminating gaps in school achievement among different
student populations. The scientific studies now under way are addressing some of the
thorniest problems facing human health and welfare.
These projects, as well as those in the future, are also expected to enhance UW–Madison’s
long and thriving tradition of interdisciplinary research, and spur new knowledge, technologies, disease treatments and cures, and regional economic development.
International Institute42
The International Institute, founded in 1996 by the College of Letters and Science and
the Division of International Studies, is comprised of 16 international and area studies
member programs that promote education and scholarship about every region of
the world. Eight of these member programs are federally supported Title VI National
Resource Centers. More than 400 faculty members are affiliated with the International
Institute as they work to develop innovative international curriculum, interdisciplinary
courses, capstone seminars, language programs, and collaborative research seminars.
The institute, home to distinguished visitors, including a diplomat-in-residence and
researchers from around the world, supports several interdisciplinary, cross-regional
research circles in which faculty members and graduate students work on topical issues
of global significance. One member program of the Institute is the Center for World
Affairs and the Global Economy43 (WAGE), which provides workshops, executive briefings, and information to Wisconsin businesses and government.
Select Examples of Research and Creative Initiatives
Stem Cells44
Dr. James Thomson, the John D. MacArthur Professor of Anatomy, in 1998 became the
first scientist to isolate and culture human embryonic stem cells. In 2005, the National
Institutes of Health awarded $16 million over four years to UW–Madison to establish a
National Stem Cell Bank. Not long after, in May 2007, UW–Madison established a new
Stem Cell and Regenerative Medicine Center. The center, operating under the joint
auspices of the Graduate School and the School of Medicine and Public Health, serves
as a focal point for research in stem cell biology and regenerative medicine, a multidisciplinary field that seeks to develop technologies to repair or replace diseased or defective
tissues or organs. As many as 50 UW–Madison faculty, and many more graduate and
undergraduate students, are engaged to varying degrees in this type of work.
Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center45
A consortium of universities, the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science, national
laboratories and businesses, led by UW–Madison, was awarded one of three major new
biology research centers in 2007 to explore the vast potential of bioenergy. The award of
approximately $125 million over five years establishes the DOE Great Lakes Bioenergy
Research Center, where scientists and engineers will conduct basic research toward a
suite of new technologies to help convert cellulosic plant biomass—cornstalks, wood
chips, and perennial native grasses—to sources of energy for everything from cars to
electrical power plants. The grant is part of the larger Wisconsin Bioenergy Initiative, a
statewide effort focused on the development of fuel and energy resources from nonfood
sources in ways that promote regional economic growth in the context of good environmental stewardship. The initiative involves faculty, staff, and students from agricultural
and life sciences, engineering, business, and letters and science.
Acquisition, Discovery, and Application of Knowledge
Institute for Clinical and Translational Research46
A newly created Institute for Clinical and Translational Research at UW–Madison will
work to transform health research so that discoveries flow along a continuum from basic
and clinical investigation to translation into practice, leading to practical improvements
in the health of Wisconsin residents. The institute, which is a collaboration of schools
and colleges (engineering, medicine and public health, nursing, pharmacy, veterinary
medicine) features a strong partnership with Marshfield Clinic and its research arm, the
Marshfield Clinic Research Foundation.
Wisconsin Center for Education Research47
Established in 1964, WCER is one of the oldest and largest university-based education
research and development centers, with annual extramural funding of approximately
$25 million. WCER’s research awards come from a variety of federal agencies and private
foundations. WCER is committed to disseminating research to advance educational
practice. It also is deeply involved in training tomorrow’s researchers, employing more
than one hundred graduate students in varying fields on numerous projects. WCER
projects are cross-disciplinary, and researchers come from most areas of specialization
within the School of Education, as well as from such diverse disciplines as biology, sociology, English, law, mathematics, engineering, astronomy, and social work. Many WCER
projects study the application of technology.
Institute for Research in the Humanities48
The Institute for Research in the Humanities (IRH) sponsors research in the humanities, promotes interdisciplinary understanding of the humanities, and fosters a stimulating research environment of diverse scholars open to learning from each other. The
institute also collaborates closely with many other humanities initiatives on campus,
especially the Center for the Humanities. The IRH features:
• Twenty to thirty fellows each year
• Weekly seminars offered by fellows
• Focus on the humanities lectures, with the Center for the Humanities
• F aculty development seminar each semester, with the Center for the
Humanities
• Links with campus centers and institutes in the arts and humanities
4c. The organization assesses the usefulness of its curricula to students
who will live and work in a global, diverse, and technological society.
UW–Madison’s Approach to General Education
The purpose of the university’s General Education Requirements49 is to ensure that every
undergraduate acquires the essential core of an undergraduate education that establishes the foundations for living a productive life, being a citizen of the world, appreciating aesthetic values, and engaging in lifelong learning in a continually changing
world. These core requirements provide for breadth across the humanities and arts,
social studies, biological sciences and physical sciences; competence in communication,
critical thinking and analytical skills appropriate for a university-educated person; and
investigation of the issues raised by living in a culturally diverse society.50 All students
entering UW–Madison as freshmen or undergraduate transfer students must satisfy
these requirements
The learning outcomes associated with these breadth requirements are discussed in
greater detail in the chapter on Criterion 3.
The quantitative reasoning requirements set a high standard for UW–Madison graduates. The threshold is higher than at many colleges and universities: typically collegelevel algebra is sufficient to meet minimum degree requirements. It is notable that the
majority of UW–Madison students complete degrees that have a strong quantitative
foundation—approximately 35 percent complete degrees in the physical and biological
sciences and nearly half of the institution’s undergraduate students complete degrees
87
88
Acquisition, Discovery, and Application of Knowledge
in the social sciences. In contrast, the national
average for degrees in the natural sciences is
about 17 percent. The emphasis on an education
that ensures strong quantitative skills is a distinguishing feature of UW–Madison and one that
ensures graduates have the skills for the knowledge economy and preparation for civic duty.
In addition to breadth requirements, the College
of Letters and Science and the School of Business
have a foreign language requirement for undergraduates. UW–Madison is a global leader in
foreign language education, with eighty language
programs and one of the most active studyabroad programs in the nation. The Language
Institute51 provides detailed information on language course offerings, and area study centers,
and links to study abroad program information.
Ethnic Studies at UW–Madison
The general education requirements include what UW–Madison calls the Ethnic Studies
Requirement. The Ethnic Studies Implementation Committee developed a series of
descriptive guidelines to facilitate implementation of the ethnic studies requirement.52
Key criteria included specifying that “course material illuminates the circumstances, conditions, and experiences of racial and ethnic minorities in the United States.” When
comparative formats are used (either to compare the United States to other nations,
or to compare experiences of once–marginalized U.S. groups that have since been
assimilated), comparisons are drawn to better understand how persistently marginalized groups negotiate the conditions of their marginalized status.53
The responsibility for assessing student learning as it relates to the general education
requirements is vested in the Undergraduate General Education Committee.54 The
2008–13 assessment plans make assessment of student learning in ethnic studies courses
a priority (see also Criterion 3a). The information presented in support of Criterion 3
evidences the institution’s vision for the student experience that includes the Essential
Learning Outcomes. Embodied in these frameworks are the campus’s undergraduate
General Education and major-specific discovery and learning expectations and procedures for evaluating the extent to which the institution is successful in ensuring that
students are prepare to work in a global, diverse, and technological society.
Wisconsin Experience
As described in greater detail under Criterion 3, the Wisconsin Experience is a term the
institution has adopted to frame the combination of experiences and outcomes for students at UW–Madison. UW–Madison is engaged in efforts to promote the concept of
the Wisconsin Experience in order for students to understand the institution’s outcome
goals and objectives, and to seek for themselves opportunities to enhance their own
learning and personal growth. At the same time, the institution recognizes the need to
figure out ways to assess its impact. Articulating exactly what components and experiences make up the Wisconsin Experience is a crucial step in the process. Once these
pieces are identified, UW–Madison will move toward a process of assessing the extent
to which each of the components contributes to the desired outcomes. This is a process
under development, and comments and suggestions for pursing these concepts are
welcome.
International Experience and Preparation for Global Citizenship
Academic preparation of students for a changing world is addressed in the special
emphasis study team report Preparing Global Citizens and has been a focus of the
institution’s current strategic plan for more than ten years.55 Awareness of the need to
prepare students for roles in the global society is evidence in efforts to encourage students to participate in study abroad opportunities.
Acquisition, Discovery, and Application of Knowledge
International Student Services (ISS)56 processes and certifies the visas of the 3,900
international students each year. In addition, the office has greatly expanded efforts
to support the transition, orientation, and success of international students through
several means, including programs that encourage interaction among international and
American-born college students, such as the BRIDGE (Building Relationships in Diverse
Global Environments) program.
The Division of International Studies57 provides the administrative home for the Study
Abroad office. UW–Madison, ranked tenth among research universities for the total
number of students who have studied abroad, has students in more than 100 programs
on six continents. UW–Madison students study abroad for longer periods of time than
the national average—66 percent study for one semester or longer, compared to 45
percent nationally.
As a high priority, UW–Madison annually assesses its progress in increasing the number
of students participating in study abroad programs (table 13).
Table 13. Proportion of Students Who Completed Study Abroad During
Their Undergraduate Education
Study Abroad
Unduplicated
% of Graduates who
All UW–Madison Students
Year Annual Headcount*Studied Abroad**Studying Abroad***
2002–03 2003–04 2004–05 2005–06 2006–07 2007–08
957
1,053
1,148
1,116
1,136
1,470
16
20
18
21
22
22
1,320
1,441
1,609
1,611
1,616
1,846
* UW–Madison programs only.
** % of bachelor’s degree recipients who studied abroad through any institution’s program.
*** Source: Institute for International Education Open Doors Report; includes participants in study abroad
programs at other universities. Table appears in the UW–Madison portion of the 2007 UW System
Accountability Report.
A task force on global competencies, appointed by the provost in 2007, developed a
framework for developing in students the following attributes:
• Ability to work effectively in a variety of cultures
• Effective communication across linguistic and cultural boundaries
• See/understand the world from a perspective other than their own
• Understand and engage in solving critical global issues
• Understand and appreciate the diversity of society and cultures
• Understand the interdependence of nations in a global economy
The full report, made public in September 2008, is posted online.58
In addition, a special emphasis team addressed related issues in its report, Preparing
Global Citizens. Coupled with the Global Competence Task Force work, these efforts evidence the interest among faculty, staff, and students in deepening their understanding
of global issues and how the institution can better prepare students as global citizens
and emerging leaders.
Programs for Faculty, Staff, and Students to Advance Diversity and Enhance
Campus Climate
In addition to the formal curriculum, the institution supports a number of initiatives
that provide students, faculty, and staff with opportunities to develop a deeper understanding of socio-cultural diversity and human relations. The structure of these opportunities varies, but they all provide evidence of the institution’s commitment to breadth
of knowledge and skills and the development of a community that has the ability to live
and work within a global and diverse society.
The Women in Science & Engineering Leadership Institute (WISELI),59 a research
center located in the College of Engineering, was first established by an NSF ADVANCE
89
90
Acquisition, Discovery, and Application of Knowledge
Institutional Transformation grant. Its mission is to promote the participation and
advancement of women in academic science and engineering. In addition to research and
evaluation projects such as exit interviews with faculty who have left the UW–Madison,
WISELI is actively working to enhance the climate in science and engineering for underrepresented groups, and to increase the diversity of those in disciplines, through it programming. WISELI supplies evidence-based content in workshops that adhere to the
principles of adult education to faculty and staff throughout the university. The Office
for Equity and Diversity and the Office of the Provost have partnered with WISELI to
provide workshops for faculty hiring committees, climate workshops for department
chairs, workshops for principal investigators, grants for STEM departments wishing to
diversity their brown-bag seminars, and grants for faculty/staff whose life events are
interfering with research productivity (see also Criterion 2a and Building Community
special emphasis team report).
The Leadership Institute60 offers small group seminar-like discussions for safe and
engaging dialogue within a diverse learning community. Participants explore notions
of self and others, and the meaning of work and leadership. A major goal is to enhance
and build capacities to work and lead more effectively, thereby contributing toward a
campus climate affirming and validating diverse world views and ways of being in the
world.
Seeking Educational Equity and Diversity (SEED) is a national project on inclusive
curriculum. The UW–Madison SEED chapter is for faculty, staff, and administrators interested in multicultural and gender-balanced scholarship and its implications for a more
inclusive curriculum and teaching methods. The seminar provides a unique opportunity
for participants to meet in a safe and respectful environment to discuss and develop
strategies for building inclusive curricula and classrooms. The institution also supports
SEEDED (Seeking Educational Equity and Diversity for Experienced Doers).61 A Student
SEED also provides these opportunities for students.
Assessing Learning Outcomes and Establishing New Visionary Goals
The special emphasis team report Preparing Global Citizens provides a rich description
of the institution’s current initiatives and documents the ideas of a team of faculty, staff,
and students that spent an academic year reflecting on ways in which the institution can
better prepare students to be global citizens and leaders in the future. Among their recommendations is the notion that the university develops new architecture with appropriate advanced technology to ensure that classrooms and learning spaces facilitate
collaborative work and engagement that is not limited by physical location. The team
also recommended the infusion of content across courses to achieve knowledge integration, an emphasis on immersion learning such as study abroad education, language proficiency, enhancing efforts to educate for “global information literacy,” and encouraging
faculty and staff to also be prepared for global citizenship and leadership.
Beyond these forward-looking recommendations, there are a number of ongoing efforts
to assess student learning, determine the effectiveness of the educational programs,
and ensure that students are able to live and work in a global, diverse, and technological society. The chapter regarding evidence of meeting Criterion 3 provides detailed
information about efforts to assess student learning at the undergraduate and graduate
levels.
UW–Madison has a range of strategies in place to evaluate the student experience
and serve as a basis for decision-making and program improvement. Both academic
units and units that support the academic enterprise are attuned to improvement (see
Criterion 3):
• The National Survey of Student Engagement (NSSE)62
• The Undergraduate Survey63
• A graduate student exit survey was implemented in 2008
• S
urvey of Earned Doctorates64
• The annual DoIT Technology Survey65
Acquisition, Discovery, and Application of Knowledge
• T
he rate at which bachelor’s degree recipients participate in academic enhancement activities66
• D
egree completion rates and time-to-degree67
The units that support the academic enterprise have substantial and ongoing evaluative
processes (see Criterion 3d).
4d. The organization provides support to ensure that faculty, students,
and staff acquire, discover, and apply knowledge responsibly.
The university, through allocation of personnel and resources, seeks to ensure that
faculty, staff, and students act responsibly as they engage in discovery and application
of knowledge. Like many research extensive universities, the UW–Madison has a host
of policies and procedures that govern day-to-day operations and help the institution
respond appropriately to (rare) cases of misconduct, as well as administrative units that
provide guidance for appropriate practice.
Policies
• State of Wisconsin Statute—Chapter 3668
• UW System Policies and Procedures69
• F aculty Policies and Procedures70
• A
cademic Staff Policies and Procedures71
• C
lassified Human Resources Policies and Procedures72
• U
W System Administrative Code regarding student academic and nonacademic
conduct73
• Research Policies and Procedures, including Conflict of Interest74
• Human Research Protection Program75
• Intellectual Property Policies and Procedures76
• Outside Activities Reporting Requirement77
• Information Technology policies78
Relevant Administrative Units
• Administrative Legal Services79
• Environment, Health and Safety Department80
• Office for Equity and Diversity81
• Graduate School82
• HIPAA Privacy Officer83
• Internal Audit84
• Research Animal Resource Center85
• Research and Sponsored Programs86
The institution offers many online programs and regular, face-to-face training sessions87
on topics such as research ethics, stem cell ethics and policies training, animal user
training, (and safety training) to ensure that all faculty and staff are fully informed of
their responsibilities associated with the research they conduct.
Additional opportunities exist to ensure that faculty, staff, and students have the appropriate information to perform their duties. Examples of such opportunities include the
annual orientation for new department chairs88 and an array of courses for managers
and supervisors.89
The Human Research Protection Program, including UW–Madison’s Institutional
Review Boards (IRBs) and the Human Research Protection Program Advisory Committee
provide oversight and management of UW–Madison extensive human research activities.90 The Advisory Committee is responsible for human research protection policy, and
91
92
Acquisition, Discovery, and Application of Knowledge
the IRBs are responsible for oversight and compliance to help ensure that research conducted at
UW–Madison strictly follows all federal, state, and
campus policies.
The provost recently established a Health
Sciences Conflict of Interest Task Force charged
to review and propose relevant policies and procedures.
Summary of Evidence
UW–Madison provides an array of innovative
library and technological resources to facilitate
learning, including the shared digital repository
and electronic reserves, that evidence a forwardlooking approach.
The accomplishments of faculty, staff, and students are recognized through numerous awards that underscore the institution’s commitment to learning and discovery. Investment in the Undergraduate Academic Awards
office ensures that academically talented students receive assistance to help them be
more competitive for prestigious national awards.
The institution invests in an array of professional development programs that advance
the mission of the university by providing, for example, valuable opportunities to
strengthen cultural understanding.
UW–Madison’s research mission is supported through investments in the infrastructure
such as the Graduate School and Research and Sponsored Programs. Examples of evidence of the institution’s success in this area can be found in the receipt of extramural
gifts and grants and the institution’s total research expenditures.
The scope and scale of interdisciplinary scholarship, exemplified through the Cluster
Hiring Initiative at UW–Madison, evidences the institution’s commitment to the exercise
of intellectual inquiry.
UW–Madison’s efforts to examine the outcomes of its General Education Requirements,
described in this chapter and in the chapter on Criterion 3, demonstrate the university’s
commitment to assess the usefulness of its curricula to students. Global concerns and
concerns related to sustainability are very much a part of the ongoing discussions, consistent with recommendations made in the self-study team reports.
Evidence of the institution’s commitment to responsible educational and research practices is evidenced through the structures for and enforcement of campus policies and
procedures regarding appropriate conduct of research.
Beyond the scholarly endeavors, further evidence of the application of the knowledge generated by faculty, staff, and students is documented in the following chapter,
Criterion 5.
Future Challenges and Areas for Improvement
• S
upport the evolution of libraries and the services they provide as the nature of
publishing and digital and print media change.
• C
ontinue to assess and support interdisciplinary research and the implications of
interdisciplinarity on campus procedures and practices.
• C
ontinue efforts to resolve the graduate student funding challenge. UW–Madison’s enduring strength in the area of graduate education is threatened by
resource limitations affecting graduate programs’ ability to offer competitive stipends to attract strong graduate students.
• Support efforts to improve and enhance the research infrastructure.
Acquisition, Discovery, and Application of Knowledge
• A
ssess current course offerings, and, if deemed appropriate, expand opportunities to better prepare students for work in a more global, diverse, and technological world.
• C
ontinue to engage in proactive training and development to minimize risk and
liability, particularly in the area of IT security.
Notes
1.http://uwdc.library.wisc.edu/index.shtml
2.http://www.cic.net/Home/Projects/Library/BookSearch/Introduction.aspx
3.www.provost.wisc.edu/teach.html#5
4.http://info.gradsch.wisc.edu/research/researchfunding/nkr/warfnamed.html
5.www.provost.wisc.edu/awards/faculty.html, www.provost.wisc.edu/awards/staff.html
6.www.provost.wisc.edu/uaa/
7.www.provost.wisc.edu/uaa/campuswide.html
8.http://info.gradsch.wisc.edu/education/funding/univfellowships.html
9.Ibid.
10.www.ohr.wisc.edu/grants/facsabblvprog.html
11.www.ohrd.wisc.edu/
12.www.ohrd.wisc.edu/OHRDCatalogPortal/Default.aspx?tabid=29&Serieskey=237
13.www.library.wisc.edu/EDVRC/leadershipinstitute.html
14.www.provost.wisc.edu/deptChairs/
15.For example, www.provost.wisc.edu/deptChairs/docs/ChairChatfall.pdf
16.www.ohr.wisc.edu/kauffman/kauffman.html
17.www.learning.wisc.edu/ugsymposium/
18.www.morgridge.wisc.edu/
19.www.provost.wisc.edu/content/WI_Exp_ELOS.pdf
20.www.delta.wisc.edu/index.html
21.www.cirtl.net/
22.http://scientificteaching.wisc.edu/
23.www.vetmed.wisc.edu/support/teaching/index.php
24.http://info.gradsch.wisc.edu/education/gspd/skills.html#teaching,
www.ls.wisc.edu/TAresources.htm, www.engr.wisc.edu/services/elc/
25.www.ls.wisc.edu/Grad/TAworkshop.htm
26.http://info.gradsch.wisc.edu/education/gspd/workshops.html
27.www.math.wisc.edu/graduate/hirschblurb.htm
28.www.grad.wisc.edu/education/gspd/skills.html
29.www.dcs.wisc.edu/
30.www.uwalumni.com/home/learning/learning.aspx
31.http://info.gradsch.wisc.edu/aboutus/letter.html
32.
33.www.apa.wisc.edu/uapccenterslist.html
34.www.clusters.wisc.edu/
35.www.provost.wisc.edu/docs/clusterreport.pdf
36.www.provost.wisc.edu/2008clusterreport.pdf
37.www.provost.wisc.edu/interdisciplinarity/
38.See, for example, the Nelson Institute for Environmental Studies guidelines for evaluating
interdisciplinary faculty: www.nelson.wisc.edu/facstaff/policies/criteria.pdf
39.www.discovery.wisc.edu/
40.http://morgridgeinstitute.org/
41.www.wid.wisc.edu/research/seedgrants/
42.www.intl-institute.wisc.edu/
43.http://wage.wisc.edu/
93
94
Acquisition, Discovery, and Application of Knowledge
44.http://stemcells.wisc.edu
45.www.greatlakesbioenergy.org
46.www.ictr.wisc.edu
47.www.wcer.wisc.edu
48.www.wisc.edu/irh/
49.www.ls.wisc.edu/gened/FacStaff/background.htm
50.www.ls.wisc.edu/gened/
51.www.languageinstitute.wisc.edu/
52.These guidelines were approved by University Academic Planning Council action, as reported
in the Provost’s June 10, 2005 memo accepting the final report of the Ethnic Studies Implementation Committe: www.ls.wisc.edu/gened/FacStaff/ESRguidelines.htm
53.See also the faculty statement on Ethnic Studies General Education Requirement:
www.ls.wisc.edu/gened/FacStaff/Fac%20Doc%201736.pdf
54.www.ls.wisc.edu/gened/assessment/default.htm
55.www.chancellor.wisc.edu/strategicplan/accelerate.html
56.http://iss.wisc.edu
57.www.international.wisc.edu/deansOffice/default.asp
58.www.scribd.com/doc/6203902/Global-Competence-Task-Force-Report
59.http://wiseli.engr.wisc.edu/index.html
60.www.oed.wisc.edu/p_i.html
61.www.library.wisc.edu/EDVRC/seededseminar.html
62.http://apa.wisc.edu/performance_students_surveys.html
63.Ibid.
64.http://info.gradsch.wisc.edu/education/academicprograms/profiles.html
65.www.doit.wisc.edu/about/research/
66.http://apa.wisc.edu/degrees.html
67.Ibid.
68.www.uwsa.edu/bor/statutes.htm
69.www.uwsa.edu/spp.htm
70.www.secfac.wisc.edu/governance/index.htm
71.http://acstaff.wisc.edu/ASPP/ASPP2007.pdf
72.www.ohr.wisc.edu/cpo/polproc2.htm
73.www.wisc.edu/students/saja/misconduct/misconduct.html
74.http://info.gradsch.wisc.edu/research/policyrp/index.html
75.www.grad.wisc.edu/hrpp/10007.htm
76.www.grad.wisc.edu/research/ip/policies.html
77.www.grad.wisc.edu/research/policyrp/oar/index.html
78.www.cio.wisc.edu/policies/
79.http://legal.wisc.edu/
80.www2.fpm.wisc.edu/safety
81.www.oed.wisc.edu/
82.www.wisc.edu/grad/
83.www.wisc.edu/hipaa
84.www.bussvc.wisc.edu/intaudit/intaudit.html
85.https://pegasus.rarc.wisc.edu/training
86.www.rsp.wisc.edu/
87.http://info.gradsch.wisc.edu/research/wkshop/index.html
88.www.provost.wisc.edu/deptChairs/
89.www.ohrd.wisc.edu/home
90.www.grad.wisc.edu/hrpp/10007.htm
Engagement and Service
95
Criterion Five:
Engagement and Service
5. As called for by its mission, the organization identifies its
constituencies and serves them in ways both value.
Engagement and service are embedded in the traditional missions of research, education, and service that define the university’s role as a major public research university
(see Criteria 1a, 1b). The constituencies of UW–Madison are generally widely construed
to include the people of the state of Wisconsin and the wider society, regionally, nationally, and internationally. Specific constituent groups are also a focus for service: prominent among those groups are students, their families, their employers, and all those
served by UW–Madison students and alumni.
This strong sense of working for the greater good dates back to the earliest days of the
university. Some of the most well-known historical examples include: the development
in 1890 of a quick and accurate test to measure the butterfat in milk, which revolutionized the dairy industry; methods to fortify food with components of Vitamin D in the
1920s, thereby eradicating rickets; the central role of UW–Madison faculty in establishing the Social Security system as a key feature of the New Deal in the 1930s.1 Current
faculty research on the big issues facing society—climate change, energy resources,
regenerative medicine and advances in stem cell research, governance and the future of
democracies, the interface between technology and society, global financial markets—
feed local, regional, and national practice and policy setting.
On the strength of the breadth and depth of the university’s engagement with a range
of communities, in 2008 UW–Madison applied for and was awarded the Carnegie
Foundation’s “Community Engagement” classification status.2
“UW–Madison’s commitment to
the Wisconsin Idea ensures that we
eschew the image of a university as
an ivory tower. Our public university
strives to yield incalculable benefits
to our state and to the overall wellbeing of society. Life is enriched every
time pain and suffering is alleviated
thanks to a medical breakthrough,
every time an artist or musician
brings aesthetic pleasure to the
world, every time school children
learn more due to instructional
improvements derived from
university-based research.”
Modified from the Discovery and
Learning special emphasis report
Engagement and Service
5a. The organization learns from the constituencies it serves and
analyzes its capacity to serve their needs and expectations.
Four examples have been selected to illustrate the ways in which the university meets
this criterion: the Wisconsin Idea Project; the extension, outreach, and continuing education enterprise; community relations activities; and widespread use of advisory boards
that include community voices.
5a.i. The Wisconsin Idea Project
The Wisconsin Idea Project was initiated in 20063 as a systemic effort to learn from
the citizens of Wisconsin about their expectations, to understand how the university is
serving those needs and expectations, and to enhance the university’s relevance to the
citizens of Wisconsin. Wisconsin Idea Project activities are organized into four thematic
categories—building the economy, advancing health and medicine, educating young
and old, and enhancing quality of life—with the following stated goals:
• C
ommunicate the tangible benefits of the university’s extensive public interest
work in education, research, clinical, and outreach engagement activities.
• B
etter manage these activities to create more systemic and sustainable ways for
all faculty, staff, and students to have a broader impact on issues of great significance to the state.
• T
ask faculty, staff, and students with strengthening and reinvigorating the core
value and culture of the Wisconsin Idea.
• C
onsistently communicate the university’s commitment to engage actively with
the citizens of the state.
One component of the Wisconsin Idea Project is a series of community conversations
that are incorporated into statewide outreach visits made by the provost and chancellor
and other key campus leaders in conjunction with the alumni-based Founders Days,
UW For You, and Badger Day programs. These conversations are used to gather citizen
input and inform the current and future direction of the university. Survey information
also informs the university’s understanding of public perception (figure 18.) In 2007–08,
a faculty member (Katherine Cramer Walsh, professor of political science) conducted a
100
Rating of importance - Percent quite/extremely imortant
96
95
quality education
90
health and
medicine
85
agricultural
community
80
research
economic
development
75
biotechnology
70
outreach
65
60
55
50
35
40
45
50
55
60
65
70
75
80
85
90
95
100
Rating of the job - Percent Good/Excellent
Figure 18. Selected Badger Poll results, spring 2008
Respondents were asked to rate the importance of UW–Madison activities and how good a job the
university was doing. The percent of respondents ranking the importance as quite or extremely
important and as ranking the quality of the university’s effort as good or excellent is given.
Engagement and Service
<20
20-25
26-39
40+
Number of Projects: Figure 19. The Wisconsin Idea in Action: distribution of projects in Wisconsin counties
statewide study of perceptions of the university based on community conversations.
Walsh has presented her findings with faculty and staff groups,4 including campus
leaders, and her findings are influencing policy and practice.
Another core component is the systematic collection and tracking of communityengagement projects and activities that are conducted by faculty, staff, and students
through an online database called “Wisconsin Idea in Action.” The database is searchable by keyword, subject area, Wisconsin county, or academic unit. As of October 2008,
880 projects or activities had been collected in the database.
The Wisconsin Idea in Action database pulls together information from a series of sources
and combines them, for the first time, into reports on community engagement and
outreach activities for the schools and colleges and other major divisions. The reports
describe how the university is active in each of the 72 counties in Wisconsin (figure 19).
These reports allow faculty and staff to analyze areas of rich activity and provide a perspective on gaps. When university leaders visit communities throughout the state, this
information is useful as a basis for discussing ways that the university is active within the
community and ways to improve the exchange.
A specific example of how the Wisconsin Idea in Action database is being used strategically can be seen with the university’s research, education, and outreach efforts
related to K–12 education. The database is a repository for descriptions of scores of
science outreach programs on campus. The School of Education, the Center for Biology
Education, and the Division of Continuing Studies have initiated a project to coordinate
these efforts, to establish a K–12 concierge to help make better matches, to more effectively transfer pedagogical research findings to the classroom, and to support faculty
research initiatives to identify which programs most effectively serve K–12 students and
teachers.
The Wisconsin Idea Project is evidence that the university has acted on the need to
better document and evaluate outreach, service, and community engagement, and to
find ways to more effectively leverage exsisting engagements and plan for the future.
5a.ii. Extension, outreach, and continuing education
The extension, outreach, and continuing education activities of the university are the
most visible and deeply rooted ways in which the university identifies and serves its
constituencies. This partnership with the public is distributed across the university. In
addition, the formal extension, outreach, and continuing education activities are con-
97
“Outreach is conducted in all areas
of the university’s mission: teaching,
research and service for the direct
benefit of external audiences. Outreach teaching extends the campus
instructional capacity through credit
and noncredit continuing education
and cooperative extension activities
including, courses, seminars, workshops, exhibits, publications and telephone contacts. Outreach research
extends the university’s research
capacity to academic and nonacademic audiences through applied
research, technical assistance, demonstration projects and the evaluation of ongoing programs. Outreach
service is designed to extend the
specific expertise to serve society at
large. It may include participation on
advisory boards, technology transfer
or policy analysis, and consulting.”
Excerpted from Commitment to the
Wisconsin Idea: A Guide to Documenting
and Evaluating Outreach Scholarship
in the Tenure Application 1997,
Council on Outreach.5
98
Engagement and Service
ducted in partnership with the University of Wisconsin–Extension (UW–Extension).
UW–Extension partners with UW–Madison and the other universities that comprise the
UW System. UW–Extension and UW–Madison together exercise a statewide mission to
ensure that “all Wisconsin people can access university resources and engage in lifelong
learning wherever they live and work,” and to “help the university establish mutually
beneficial connections with all its stakeholders.”
The UW–Madison Division of Continuing Studies coordinates and administers the
UW–Madison/UW–Extension collaborative partnership on behalf of UW–Madison. The
partnership is documented in the Inter-Institutional Agreement (IIA), a $50 million
enterprise involving hundreds of faculty and staff. The review and negotiation of the
IIA by UW–Madison’s Division of Continuing Studies is an annual opportunity to define
programmatic expectations and the financial resources that will be transferred to
UW–Madison to advance the shared outreach mission.
UW–Madison’s Council of Outreach Deans, led by the dean of continuing studies and
vice provost for lifelong learning, serves as the institution-wide forum for the evaluation
and promotion of outreach and a link to the UW–Extension partnership. The Council
of Outreach Deans is comprised of representatives from each of the university’s schools
and colleges. In September 2008 the council adopted a new charter that refreshed its
roles and responsibilities to recognize that a more clearly articulated mission and leadership strategy was consonant with the university’s priorities. The council’s mission is: help
make UW–Madison a public university that directly and immediately serves the needs
of people, society, and the world; develop a coherent vision for outreach, engagement,
and continuing education in support of the Wisconsin Idea; advise and provide strategic
leadership on policies, strategies, and infrastructure support to achieve that vision; and
communicate that vision to internal and external stakeholders.
The UW–Madison/UW–Extension partnership is comprised of four divisions: Cooperative
Extension, Continuing Education, Entrepreneurship and Economic Development, and
Public Broadcasting (Wisconsin Public Television and Wisconsin Public Radio). The
College of Agricultural and Life Sciences (CALS) and the School of Human Ecology
are the primary partners with Cooperative Extension, and they provide the foundation for UW–Extension programs in: agriculture and agriculture business; community,
natural resources, and economic development; 4-H youth development; and family
living. Altogether, 98 FTE faculty and instructional staff positions (about 150 individuals)
in CALS, and 11 FTE in the School of Human Ecology support the programs and activities in partnership with UW–Extension. About 150 of the CALS faculty and academic
staff hold partial or full Extension appointments, and work closely with Extension staff
in every Wisconsin county to deliver information to Wisconsin citizens, businesses, and
Engagement and Service
organizations. CALS operates 12 agricultural research stations.6 Scientists and students
of biological and social sciences, natural resources, and agricultural sciences use these
outdoor laboratories and education centers. The wide geographic distribution allows
researchers to experiment under a variety of conditions of soil, slope, vegetation, wildlife,
and climate, and assures that every station can focus on the needs of its area. Cooperative
Extension conducts a comprehensive strategic planning exercise about every five years.
As part of the exercise, focus groups are conducted in each of Wisconsin’s 72 counties to
ensure that the priorities of Cooperative Extension programs at UW–Madison and across
the state serve public needs.
Credit and noncredit continuing education programs are a direct form of community
engagement. Serving 160,000 learners annually, UW–Madison’s Division of Continuing
Studies (DCS)7 is the largest and most comprehensive program and service provider
in the state. The Division of Continuing Studies uses information compiled annually to
evaluate capacity, program effectiveness, continuation or termination of certain programs, and whether some services need to be improved. The annual DCS report to
UW–Extension (known as the Critical Analysis Report) includes evaluative information
and recommendations for continuing education programming. Recent recommendations to serve constituencies better include enhancing the registration and marketing
system, expanding distance-delivered programming, and improving incentives for
campus providers of continuing education (see Criterion 5d).
Entrepreneurship and economic development activities are mediated, in part,
through the Small Business Development Center (SBDC),8 which targets entrepreneurs,
small businesses, and those who aspire to start small businesses. It provides an array of
services and educational programming including one-on-one counseling for prospective
entrepreneurs, programming for business practice improvement, and creation of business plans. The SBDC is a partnership asmong the U.S. Small Business Administration,
UW–Extension, and the Wisconsin School of Business.
Wisconsin Public Television and Wisconsin Public Radio share a long tradition of partnership with UW–Madison, and draw heavily on faculty as contributing program hosts
and for program content. UW–Madison faculty and staff bring local expertise and perspective to national issues; and national radio and television programs provide launching
points for local explorations. WPR’s tradition of “University of the Air,” and WPT’s new
service, “University Place,” deliver university content to audiences via broadcast and the
Web. WPT also works in partnership with UW–Madison departments to provide video
production resources, and with University Communications to produce programs for
the Big Ten Network. Together, WPT and WPR extend the university’s reach to statewide
and national audiences.
5a.iii. Community relations
The quality of the university’s relationships with immediate neighbors is monitored through
a community relations unit in the Office of the Chancellor. Staff members use feedback
and information to learn from the university’s neighbors and advance initiatives that serve
their needs and the university’s. The community relations staff builds town-and-gown relationships by working directly in the community and with civic government. For example,
community relations representatives seek municipal and neighbor input anywhere the
university owns land and buildings. The Office of the Chancellor has representatives on
city committees,9 including the City of Madison Downtown Coordinating Committee
and the Alcohol License Review Board. The Joint Southeast Campus Area Committee and
the Joint West Campus Area Committee were formally established by the mayor and the
Madison Common Council in conjunction with UW–Madison to fill a recognized need
for more formal two-way communication on land-use planning. These joint committees
ensure that the city, neighborhoods, and the university together plan for, consider the
implications of, and take advantage of positive land-use opportunities. Decisions rendered
by the joint committees are part of the city’s formal land-use planning.
Strong relationships among university representatives and community members are
necessary for assuring the safety and well-being of students and others in the community. The Office of the Chancellor, Offices of the Dean of Students, and University
99
100
Engagement and Service
Examples of Advisory Boards
College of Agricultural and Life
Sciences Board of Visitors
School of Business Advisory Board
School of Education Board of
Visitors
The College of Engineering
Industrial Advisory Board
School of Human Ecology Board of
Visitors
Nelson Institute for Environmental
Studies Board of Visitors
The College of Letters and Science
Board of Visitors
UW Law School Board of Visitors
School of Medicine and Public
Health—Wisconsin Partnership
Program Oversight and Advisory
Committee
School of Nursing Board of Visitors
School of Pharmacy Board of
Visitors
School of Veterinary Medicine
Board of Visitors
Division of International Studies
Advisory Board
Morgridge Center for Public
Service Advisory Board
Police sustain community relationships that prioritize shared interests in the health and
well-being of students and community neighbors. For example, the Policy, Alternatives,
Community, and Education (PACE)10 Partnership Council is a mix of university and community people who, through shifts in policies and practices, have successfully reduced
the negative consequences of high-risk drinking among students. The university and the
City of Madison have joint planning committees for the annual student celebrations at
Halloween and in the spring (Mifflin Street block party) that have resulted in safer, more
orderly events. The Offices of the Dean of Students and the Office of the Chancellor are
collaborating with two community organizations—Downtown Madison Inc. and the
University Religious Workers—to educate students about how they can support homeless people they may encounter on the streets while maintaining their mutual safety.
The university has strengthened relationships and collaborations with neighbors in
South Madison through Campus Community Partnerships (CCP).11 CCP is home to
more than a dozen programs offering services ranging from grassroots housing issues
to increased health services, education outreach, the Space Place (astronomy public
education center), and the Financial Education Network (which brings many agencies
together to provide financial-literacy classes and free tax preparation). Through CCP,
UW–Madison is allied with other institutions of higher education to build a gateway to
post-secondary education for Dane County residents.
The Odyssey Project12 is another university contribution that offers Madison community
members an opportunity to begin a college education. The program’s goals—to provide
wider access to college for nontraditional and low-income students by offering a challenging classroom experience, individual support in writing, and assistance in applying
for admission to college and for financial aid—are consistently met. More than 100
people over five years have completed the intensive two-semester program.
To fill a need to assist visitors and community newcomers, the Office of the Chancellor
established the Office of Visitor and Information Programs (VIP).13 VIP responds to approximately two million inquiries annually from prospective students, students, faculty, staff,
alumni, visitors, and community members. VIP hosts two welcome centers, the Webbased Ask Bucky information clearinghouse, campus tours, and the Parent Program,
which provides a single point of information to help parents support their students. The
Parent Program has been enthusiastically received by parents since its inception in 2007.
In 2009 VIP will become a unit of the Division of Enrollment Management.
5a.iv Advisory boards
The university learns from constituencies it serves—locally, statewide, and beyond—by
the wide participation of hundreds of community representatives on advisory boards.
School/college advisory boards are listed here. In addition, many departments and
centers have implemented advisory boards because this exchange of information and
the direct advice from external audiences is so useful for planning and improvement.
5b. The organization has the capacity and the commitment to engage
with its identified constituencies and communities.
The university’s capacity and commitment to engage with constituent groups is evidenced in part through the extension, outreach, and continuing education activities
described under Criterion 5a. In this section we illustrate the university’s commitment
and capacity to engage with constituencies with four more examples: Baldwin Wisconsin
Idea Grants, Morgridge Center for Public Service, the Office of Corporate Relations, and
the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene. Selected information about activities in the
schools and colleges are provided as additional evidence. References to the affiliated
organizations that are critical to the university’s capacity to engage with a range of constituencies complete this section.
Engagement and Service
101
5b.i. Cross-campus programs and units
Baldwin Wisconsin Idea Grants15 are supported by a $21.7 million gift from the estate
of Ira and Ineva Reilly Baldwin, former UW–Madison administrators who dedicated
their lives to public service. Initiated in 2003, the grants are intended to advance the
Wisconsin Idea through the development of new and innovative initiatives, as well as
enhance existing outreach activities. Such efforts will help to create partnerships and
extend the knowledge, resources, research expertise, and services of the university to
community and governmental organizations, business and industry, the general public,
and K–12 schools. In 2008, the Baldwin Wisconsin Idea Endowment provided more
than $900,000 in support for 15 projects targeting issues related to education, health,
the economy and the environment.
The Morgridge Center for Public Service,16 launched in 1996 with a generous gift from
John and Tashia Morgridge, supports the infusion of service learning and communitybased research throughout the curriculum (see table 14). The Morgridge Center serves
as an institutional resource for faculty, staff, and students to promote civic engagement,
to strengthen teaching and learning, and to build collaborative partnerships through
public service, service learning, and community-based research. Service learning experiences are typically course-based and require that students participate in an organized
service activity and reflect on the service activity to gain an enhanced sense of civic
responsibility. Community-based research projects involve a partnership of students,
faculty, and community members who do research focused on a pressing community
problem or effecting social change. The Morgridge Center supports civic engagement
outside the classroom by maintaining an online database of hundreds of one-time and
ongoing volunteer opportunities17 that students use to identify ways that they can volunteer that match their talents and interests. UW–Madison was named to the 2007
President’s Higher Education Community Service Honor Roll with Distinction18 in recognition of the curricular and co-curricular programs through which students are active
in the community.19 The application for this honor was submitted by the Morgridge
Center for Public Service on the university’s behalf.
Table 14. Service Learning and Community-Based Research Courses
Academic year
Courses at UW–MadisonNational average*
2002–03
2003–04
2004–05
2005–06
2006–07
2007–08
75
75
92
116
132
102
30
37
31
35
35
36
*Campus Compact Surveys.
A range of activities across campus are supported by and amplify the efforts of the
Morgridge Center:
• In the College of Letters and Sciences, the Office of Service Learning and Community-Based Research increases the momentum for creating new or revising
existing courses for undergraduates or graduate students in these areas.20
• O
ne of the First-Year Interest Groups, “Intercultural Dialogues: Foundations in
Multicultural Coalition Building,” includes service-learning projects with nonprofit agencies that provide direct services, focus on awareness campaigns, or focus
on environmental problems.21
• T
he Humanities Exposed (HEX) program22 is changing the culture of graduate
education by connecting graduate students in humanities departments with
teachers, schools, after-school programs, museums, and neighborhood centers.
HEX projects identify community needs and then form sustainable, ongoing relationships to address those needs.
• S
enior design courses in all undergraduate engineering programs immerse students in a situation where they work in multidisciplinary teams, integrating prior
course work and skills to address problems taken from a real-world context.23
You are emissaries of the Wisconsin
Idea—that the campus boundaries
extend to the boundaries of the state
and beyond. During your years on
campus, most of you participated
in multiple service-learning projects,
which have imbued in you a spirit of
civic engagement and responsibility
for the welfare of others. . . . And our
world will be a far better place for the
many ways in which you’ve prepared
yourselves to go out and contribute.
John D. Wiley, Chancellor (2001–08)
Spring 2008 commencement speech14
102
Engagement and Service
• T
he Center for Leadership and Involvement (CLI), a unit of the Offices of the
Dean of Students, works with university and community partners, including student-organization advisors, alumni, and national organizations, to support quality learning experiences outside of the classroom, and to empower students to
be active, thoughtful, involved community citizens. Over 250 of the more than
800 registered student organizations have a service-learning and communityinvolvement focus (see Criterion 3c.iii).
• T
he Wisconsin Union Directorate24 is the volunteer-based, student-led activity
planning board of the Wisconsin Union that is focused on service and activism.
Among its many activities are the Alternative Breaks Program, community service
trips for students over the spring and winter breaks, and the 10,000 Hours Show,
an annual celebration of a collective 10,000 hours of student volunteer work in
the community (see Criterion 3d.vii).
• M
any academic programs require real-world experiences in which students practice their classroom learning in a setting that engages them with people and
communities they would serve as professionals. Examples include education,
audiology, nursing, medicine, occupational therapy, physical therapy, pharmacy,
veterinary medicine, social work, library studies, and law.
The Office of Corporate Relations,25 established in 2003, serves as a front door for business and industry at UW–Madison by providing: (1) information about global markets;
(2) access to faculty and staff expertise; (3) executive education and professional development programs; (4) licensing of new technology; (5) recruitment of interns and graduates; and (6) resources for entrepreneurs. OCR has handled nearly 2,600 company
contacts, reached out through presentations to 200 companies or other groups, and
responded to nearly 1,600 requests for information and/or assistance. Via these linkages,
companies and other organizations have taken advantage of professional development
and executive education opportunities, hired UW students for employment, engaged in
joint research efforts and otherwise benefited from faculty and staff expertise available
to them. OCR has taken the lead on a $4 million grant from the Kauffman Foundation
that supports a campuswide entrepreneurship initiative (see Criteria 3c).
The Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene26 (WSLH) is the state’s public environmental health laboratory. For more than a century WSLH has been associated with
UW–Madison, unlike many other states in which the public health lab is associated
with a state agency. WSLH provides continuing education to working professionals in
the nearly 130 hospital and clinical laboratories in Wisconsin. WSLH also responds to
public and environmental health crises. From identifying the DNA fingerprint of the
exact strain of E. coli O157:H7 that caused the 2006 nationwide spinach outbreak to
responding to the June 2008 floods that devastated regions of southern Wisconsin, the
efforts of WSLH scientists are one demonstration of the university’s capacity and commitment to engage with the public.
5b.ii. Selected school/college examples
Every school and college and most academic departments are active in ways that give evidence of the university’s capacity and commitment to engage with constituent groups.
Because there is a wealth of activity in this area, including the 880 projects described in
the Wisconsin Idea in Action database, only a few examples are given here.
The College of Engineering is home to 15 industrial consortia with more than 280
industrial/government members, primarily from Wisconsin. One example is the Energy
Institute, which draws faculty participants from across UW–Madison and from other
regional universities. Its mission is to provide an objective forum for exchange of ideas
on energy issues, and to focus, integrate, and transfer knowledge to better understand
challenges and identify needs in energy resources, technology, and sustainability. Its
vision is to enhance and maintain Wisconsin’s national leadership in developing strategies for clean, efficient energy for continued economic growth in the state and nation.
In 2007–08, College of Engineering students completed almost 850 work terms (co-op/
intern appointments) during the 2007–08 academic year; about two-thirds of the placements were at Wisconsin-based businesses.
Engagement and Service
103
In the School of Human Ecology the Center for Nonprofits,27 formalized in 2008, is a
single point of entry through which the more than 31,000 nonprofit and non-governmental organizations in Wisconsin can engage with university faculty, and students for
information and research on nonprofit initiatives. The center coordinates faculty interests and work in relevant areas, and expands the capacity of current and future leaders
in the nonprofit sector. Center activities emphasize community building, collaboration,
cultural diversity, and human and family issues. The center is also developing undergraduate and graduate curricula directed to the study of community leadership.
The Nelson Institute for Environmental Studies hosts the Wisconsin Initiative on
Climate Change Impacts (WICCI),28 which combines the cutting-edge computer-modeling capabilities of UW–Madison’s climate research center with the field expertise of
Wisconsin’s natural resource managers, to assess and anticipate climate-change impacts
on specific Wisconsin natural resources, ecosystems, and regions. This initiative further
evaluates potential effects on industry, agriculture, tourism, and other human activities
while developing and recommending adaptation strategies that can be implemented by
businesses, farmers, public health officials, municipalities, resource managers, and other
stakeholders. The project was formed in response to a bipartisan committee of state
legislators who asked how climate change could impact their districts and constituents.
WICCI develops practical information that can be used at all levels of decision making,
both public and private. It is driven by stakeholder input to ensure that WICCI assessments meet the informational needs of Wisconsin citizens, businesses, and institutions in
the areas of municipal storm water management, urban heat waves, coldwater fisheries,
forestry-based industries, winter tourism, and others. The Nelson Institute also hosts the
biennial film festival, Tales from Planet Earth,29 which showcases what can happen when
art, academic scholarship, and community service are combined in ways that harness
the collaborative power of film in deepening public understanding and civic engagement with critical environmental issues of the day. Through WICCI, Tales from Planet
Earth, and other programs such as the Community Environmental Forum,30 the Nelson
Institute has emerged as a leader in environmental initiatives that link the university to
the community.
The Law School’s clinical projects31 (ten training programs in which law students work
alongside faculty supervisors to represent community clients in real cases) provide students with the opportunity to develop substantive knowledge, professional skills, and
judgment necessary to excel as attorneys; to provide high-quality service in individual
cases; and to engage in empirical research necessary to bring about systemic improvements. The Family Court Assistance Project helps make the legal system more accessible to low-income, unrepresented people with divorce, post-divorce, paternity, and
restraining order matters. The Consumer Law Litigation Clinic represents low- and
moderate-income consumers in individual and class action lawsuits in federal and state
courts. The Neighborhood Law Project provides a broad range of legal services designed
to enhance the economic well-being of the residents of one of Madison’s neighborhoods. The Center for Patient Partnerships is a national resource for strengthening the
consumer perspective in health care and building more effective partnerships among
patients, providers, and other stakeholders. The Wisconsin Innocence Project investigates and litigates claims of innocence in cases involving inmates in state and federal
prisons in Wisconsin and elsewhere.
In 2005, coincident with the name change from the School of Medicine, the School of
Medicine and Public Health (SMPH) began to manifest more explicitly the mission of
improving the health and well-being of populations, regionally, nationally, and internationally, by advancing public health. The Master of Public Health was launched in
the same year. In 2007, the MD program began enrolling students in the Wisconsin
Academy for Rural Medicine (WARM),32 created to educate physicians who are committed to working in rural areas of the state where there is a shortage of practitioners.
The WARM program aims to graduate 25 physicians annually by 2015. The Wisconsin
Partnership Program (WPP)33 is a unique grant-making entity within the SMPH that
is dedicated to improving the health of the people of Wisconsin through community
partnerships and collaborations across the UW System and with other health care providers, with the objective of preventing disease, injury, and disability, and eliminating
“The benefits of our faculty expertise
to the entire state of course go way
beyond the creation of companies
and the transfer of technology. They
include consultation of a range of
different sorts, longstanding productive partnerships between various
colleges and industries in the state.
Obviously, I should name the partnership between Agricultural and
Life Sciences and our dairy and meat
industries, agriculture in general, but
also the College of Engineering and
the School of Business with partnerships that are advancing economic
development all over the state.“
Chancellor Carolyn “Biddy” Martin
On Wisconsin event, October 23, 2008
104
Engagement and Service
health disparities. The WPP has awarded 129 grants worth $50 million to faculty- and
community-initiated public health projects since 2004.
5b.iii. Affiliated organizations
UW–Madison’s service to its constituencies is amplified by several organizations that are
closely allied with the university and its mission and goals. They extend the reach of the
university in ways that are critical to making full use of the university’s capacity. These
organizations and their impact on economic development, technology transfer, and the
translation of research findings to practice, health care, and other societal contributions
are described in the Overview and under Criterion 2.
• UW Health and the UW Hospitals and Clinics34
• Wisconsin Alumni Association (WAA)35
• Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation (WARF)36
• University of Wisconsin Foundation (UW Foundation)37
• University Research Park38
5c. The organization demonstrates its responsiveness to those constituencies that depend on it for service.
Ways in which the university demonstrates responsiveness to the local Madison community and wider societal needs is evidenced under Criteria 5a, 5b, and 5d. This section
emphasizes responsiveness to prospective and enrolled students, as populations that
depend on the university for service in a direct and immediate way. Evidence is presented in five topic areas: pre-college programs that expand the college-bound pipeline, expanded routes to a UW–Madison bachelor’s degree through dual-admissions and
transfer admissions, UW–Madison contribution to an educated citizenry, collaborative
programs with other colleges and universities and off-campus program sites and course
locations, and UW–Madison’s evolving approach to the use of distance- and distributeddelivery methods.
5c.i. UW–Madison has been responsive to the needs of youth and precollege populations.
Each year, more than 11,000 young people attend youth programs offered through
UW–Madison.39 These programs include dual enrollment for high school students, academic enrichment programs, college-readiness development, music programming, and
athletics. Evaluations show that students in these programs strengthen their academic
abilities, learn about campus life, and meet new friends. The largest of these is PEOPLE.
PEOPLE (Precollege Enrichment Opportunity Program for Learning Excellence)40 is a
pre-college pipeline program for middle school and high school students of color and
low-income students, many of whom become the first in their families to attend college.
Program goals include increasing the number of Wisconsin high school graduates of
color who apply, are accepted, and enroll in UW System institutions, and encouraging
partnerships that build the educational pipeline by reaching children and their parents
at an earlier age. Students participate in a variety of activities year round, which include
academic enrichment, early exposure to college majors and career options, internships,
research experiences, mentoring, and exposure to campus culture and resources. Parents
participate in a variety of college-preparation guidance sessions and provide voluntary
support services. PEOPLE began as a high school program in 1999, and added a middle
school component in Madison in 2000, a Menominee Indian middle school component
in 2003, and an elementary-level partnership in Madison in 2005. In summer 2008,
PEOPLE served 1,405 students: 307 college scholars, 644 high school students, 406
middle school students, and 48 elementary students.
Engagement and Service
The first college cohort of PEOPLE students
enrolled at UW–Madison in 2002. These students receive a full-tuition scholarship. Since
2002, approximately 94 percent of PEOPLE
students who enrolled as freshmen enrolled in
the second year at UW–Madison. As of summer
2008, 51.3 percent of PEOPLE participants who
enrolled in the first three cohorts,41 including
66.7 percent of the first cohort, had graduated
from UW–Madison.
A review of the PEOPLE program and other
pipeline programs that serve educationally disadvantaged students is planned for 2009 with
the goal of identifying ways to strengthen the
value that these programs add to the pre-college
and college experience and to better integrate
them with developing statewide initiatives that
are focused on helping students begin to plan for
college as early as middle school.
5c.ii. UW–Madison has expanded routes to an undergraduate degree
through dual admissions and transfer agreements.
At the undergraduate level, transfer is an important access route to a UW–Madison bachelor’s degree. Because freshman admission is so competitive—the university received
more than 25,000 applications for 5,700 spots for fall 2008—transfer admission is promoted as an alternative.42
UW–Madison is part of a UW System-wide guaranteed transfer agreement between the
UW Colleges and any UW institution that grants bachelor’s degrees. This agreement, in
place since the 1980s, guarantees that students who achieve specified levels of success
at the two-year UW Colleges will be admitted if they apply as transfer students.
In 2006, UW–Madison entered into transfer contract agreements with three technical colleges that offer liberal arts college transfer programs: Madison Area Technical
College, Milwaukee Area Technical College, and Nicolet College. In 2007, the College of
Menominee Nation also entered into a transfer contract agreement. These agreements
are similar in many respects to the guaranteed transfer agreements in place for UW
Colleges. Qualified students enroll as freshmen at the two-year colleges and are guaranteed admission as a transfer student at UW–Madison two years later if they meet specified academic requirements. An agreement between Madison Area Technical College
and UW–Madison’s College of Engineering—the Transfer Blueprint, designed specifically
for aspiring engineering students—was established in 2008. All of these agreements are
designed to better communicate to prospective transfer students the expectations for
transfer and to give them tools to plan for transfer from the beginning of their enrollment in college.
A separate program, UW Connections, is a dual-admissions program offered by invitation only to a select group of UW–Madison freshman applicants. Because of the
freshman admission competition, there is not sufficient space to admit all qualified students. Some qualified students are offered the opportunity to start at another institution
in Wisconsin for lower-level course work and to subsequently enroll at UW–Madison
to finish their bachelor’s degree (see Overview, Criterion 2a, and table 15). The UW
Connections program43 is recognized by the public as a sincere effort to compensate for
limits on the size of the freshman class. As evidence that the program is widely valued,
in 2008 the Board of Regents and the chancellors of all UW institutions requested that
UW–Madison expand the program to include not only two-year colleges, but also any
four-year UW institution that elects to participate.44
105
106
Engagement and Service
Table 15. UW Connections Program
% enrolled at
Fall TermNumber of offers
partner institution
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
764
1,601
1,167
1,516
1,650
1,476
1,757
1,761
% subsequently
enrolled at
UW–Madison*
23
56
57
61
81
76
78
40
70
63
65
67
73
65
—
—
*Percent of students who enrolled in Connections at a partner institution and subsequently enrolled
at UW–Madison, allowing at least two years after first enrolling the partner institution.
5c.iii. UW–Madison is responsive to the people of Wisconsin by contributing to an educated citizenry.
A range of evidence, from formal surveys to story-telling and admissions statistics, illustrates that the people of Wisconsin place a high value on UW–Madison’s core mission of
educating degree-seeking students. UW–Madison graduates more than 9,000 students
annually and is the dominant producer of degrees at all levels in the state and a relatively large degree producer even on the national level (see table 16). UW–Madison has
approximately 370,000 living alumni, 139,000 of whom live in Wisconsin. Over the past
decade UW–Madison has improved the quality of the undergraduate experience (see
Criterion 3) and the “efficiency” at which students graduate: 82 percent of freshmen
graduate in six years and their average time to degree is 4.12 years. Even as UW–Madison
makes a substantial contribution to the educated citizenry of the state, there is unrelenting pressure for UW–Madison to expand enrollment, especially at the undergraduate
level. Transfer-in options and dual-admissions are valued by many, but have had limited
impact on the demand for freshman admissions. To preserve the quality of the undergraduate student experience with the available resources, UW–Madison is planning for
a continued freshman class of approximately 5,700 students and overall enrollment of
about 42,000. Growth in numbers of graduating students will come from improved
retention and graduation rates and increased new transfer enrollments. Other strategies
that extend the university’s educational reach, described below, may also prove to be
effective in increasing UW–Madison’s contribution to those holding degrees.
Table 16. 2006–07* Degree Production
Metric
Number of degrees
Percent of degrees awarded in Wisconsin**
Rank in Wisconsin**
National rank***
Bachelor’s
Master’s
Ph.D.
6,194
1,944
775
19
23
70
1 of 37
1 of 35
1 of 10
20 of 1,947
40 of 1,566
7 of 680
*Most recent year that comparison information is available. **Includes all institutions in Wisconsin
that award degrees at the given level. ***Includes four-year public and private not-for-profit institutions in the United States. Source: IPEDS Completions.
5c.iv. Academic program collaborations with other universities or at offcampus sites are effective strategies for responding to the educational
needs of students and communities.
Under certain circumstances UW–Madison best serves students and the community by
establishing collaborative arrangements between UW–Madison and other colleges and
universities. Examples of such cases include:
• T
he BS–Nursing collaborative program, referred to as [email protected],45 pools the
distance-delivered coursework offered by the five nursing schools in the UW
System (UW–Madison, UW–Milwaukee, UW–Eau Claire, UW–Green Bay and
Engagement and Service
UW–Oshkosh) into a coherent program for students with an associates-level
nursing degree to upgrade to a bachelor’s degree.
• T
he Ph.D. art history program has an option in architectural history46 that is
delivered in cooperation with the UW–Milwaukee School of Architecture and its
Ph.D. architecture program. Implemented in 2008, the architectural history program agreement makes the overlapping expertise of the faculty in this specialty
area from both institutions available to students in the two programs.
• T
he Master of Science–Educational Leadership and Policy Analysis47 has two
options in addition to the traditional track: Cooperative Program with UW–
Oshkosh and Cooperative Program with UW–Whitewater. In the cooperative
programs (operational since 1982) students take courses at UW–Oshkosh or UW–
Whitewater and earn a UW–Madison degree.
• C
ertain courses for the BS–Poultry Science48 major are offered during summer,
so that students from other midwestern universities can travel to UW–Madison
to take courses unavailable at their home universities. Faculty from UW–Madison
and other midwestern universities participate together in teaching these summer
courses in this single location.
UW–Madison program faculty and staff increasingly recognize the value of using
off-campus locations as a way to serve certain groups of students. The rationale for
establishing a program site (50 percent or more of a degree program offered at the offcampus location) or course location (regular courses offered at an off-campus location,
but less than 50 percent of a degree program) is framed by high quality and mission fit.
Program sites or course locations may be established if the program serves a need not
satisfactorily met some other way. Faculty and administrators expect that the academic
experience is of the same quality as the corresponding program based at the Madison
campus. Although good management dictates that such programs may generate sufficient tuition to cover the direct costs of instruction, they are not viewed as revenue
centers.
• T
o meet the growing demand for BS–Nursing graduates in Wisconsin, the School
of Nursing partnered with Gundersen-Lutheran Clinic in La Crosse, Wisconsin,
to establish an off-campus program site for the UW–Madison BS–Nursing program in 2002. The program has increased the capacity of the nursing program:
in spring 2008, the program enrollment added 47 students to UW–Madison’s
BS–Nursing class (720 students total). Of the 150 BS–Nursing graduates in 2007
24 had attended the La Crosse program site.
• T
he School of Library and Information Studies established UW–Madison’s first
out-of-state course location when they responded to an invitation to make courses available to working librarians seeking to upgrade their skills at the Prairie Area
Library System in northern Illinois.
• T
he Law School established UW–Madison’s first international course location at
the East China University of Political Science and Law in Shanghai, China, to serve
students in the Master of Legal Institutions program. Starting in fall 2009, students have the option of taking some UW–Madison courses in Shanghai. (Most
students in this program are international students.)
The university has established policies to guide the development and delivery of offcampus program sites and course locations to assure they provide students with an
experience that is comparable in quality to the experience of Madison-based students.49
The university will be paying attention to the impacts of these programs and considering strategies to assure program quality and success as interest in collaborations and
off-campus programs sites grows.
5c.v. Distance- and distributed-delivery approaches are ways of responding to the educational needs of students and communities.
UW–Madison’s educational activities primarily serve traditional-age undergraduates, students in a broad range of graduate and professional programs, and continuing education
populations. The university offers a handful of academic programs through distance-deliv-
107
108
Engagement and Service
ered or weekend formats: the [email protected] BS–Nursing program, Master of Engineering
and related outreach M.S. programs in Engineering (distance), the MS–Biotechnology
(weekend), the Evening MBA, the MA–Library and Information Studies (distance), and the
MS–Educational Psychology: Professional Education program (MSPE, distance). As noted
above, there is increasing faculty interest in a diversity of distributed education models.
UW–Madison nontraditional offerings have been most successful when targeted to audiences interested in professionally oriented master’s degree programs.
Expansion of distance-delivered course offerings, which increased rapidly in the early
part of this decade in response to student demand, faculty interest, and funding incentives, has slowed in recent years (table 17, figure 20). That slowdown is in part attributable to a complex funding history. The use of “credit outreach” funding, which is
intended to support courses and programming for nontraditional students, is governed
by a UW System policy (UW System ACIS 5.4, programming for the nontraditional
market). Nontraditional students are defined as those who are older than typical, enroll
part time, and take courses in the evenings, on weekends, or at a distance. Distance
course offerings developed for these nontraditional audiences proved to be overwhelmingly popular among traditional degree-seeking students. Consequently credit outreach
funding that had been targeted to nontraditional audiences was migrating to the traditional student audience. Starting in 2006, efforts were made to shift funding and enrollments for credit outreach-funded courses back to the intended nontraditional audience.
Funding for the development and delivery of distance-delivered courses for the traditional student audience is limited to the Technology Enhanced Learning Grants (see
Criterion 4a) and to resources set aside in the schools and colleges.
Table 17. Courses and Course Enrollments in For-Credit Distance Education Courses
Courses
Enrollments
Student credit hours
1999–00
2000–01
2001–02
2002–03
2003–04
2004–05
2005–06
2006–07
2007–08
152
4,116
12,331
184
5,314
14,492
258
7,525
18,373
289
8,139
22,708
296
10,947
30,957
320
11,723
32,871
339
10,601
29,375
324
8,633
24,325
359
8,818
24,339
Source: Data Digest. Note: Distance education courses are taught primarily by means of interactive video, recorded electronic media, or the Internet.
Course Enrollments
30,000
25,000
20,000
15,000
10,000
Undergraduate
Graduate
Special
5,000
0
1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08
Figure 20. Number of students enrolled in evening, weekend, and distance-delivered
courses
Source: Data Digest. Notes: Distance education courses are taught primarily by means of interactive
video, recorded electronic media, or the internet. Evening courses are those that start after 4 p.m.
Students are counted once for each enrollment; 39 percent of students enrolled in more than one of
these courses.
One recommendation of the special emphasis self-study (Global Citizens and Leaders)
is to develop a fully electronic campus (e-campus) in which video-conferencing would
be as ubiquitous as telephones and computers. Such an e-campus environment would
allow faculty, staff, and students to be present to one another across space. E-campus
technology is envisioned to introduce tremendous flexibility in how faculty, staff, and
students interact and introduces new ways of thinking about delivering courses and
programs. Real-time interactions among classrooms, across campus, and among locations in Wisconsin and around the world have the potential to serve much wider groups
of students. Although no firm plans exist for implementation, the opportunities of an
e-campus are a subject of ongoing discussion.
Engagement and Service
109
5d. Internal and external constituencies value the services the
­organization provides.
5d.i. Public constituencies and faculty and staff value the opportunity to
consult with each other.
In addition to working with students, conducting scholarly work, and being active in
university service, UW–Madison faculty and staff value the opportunity to engage with
the public. A sampling of the venues and structures through which external audiences
many access this expertise include:
• U
niversity Communications maintains an Experts Database50, which offers journalists access to nearly 1,800 faculty and staff who have agreed to talk with
reporters on selected topics related to their expertise.
• L a Follette School of Public Affairs51 faculty, staff, and students collaborate with
policy makers at all levels of government and at nongovernmental organizations
to address policy and administrative problems of local, national, and international importance.
• T
he Wisconsin Discovery Portal is a Web-based search tool and directory offering professional profiles of 2,600 UW–Madison researchers. The database is publicly available and searchable by name, research interests, patent numbers or
names, company affiliation, and keywords.
52
• S
[email protected], a project of the Nelson Institute for Environmental
Studies, provides a single Web-based entry point to access information on programs, units, projects, and groups that address sustainability topics and issues.
5d.ii. Cultural and programmatic resources are made available to and are
well used by the public.
The interest in and demand for cultural programming illustrates the value that both
internal and external audiences place on these resources of the university. The Arts on
Campus Web site54 is a public gateway to hundreds of public lectures and live performances offered through numerous venues including the Wisconsin Union, the School
of Music, the Department of Theatre and Drama, the Dance Program, and more. The
following examples experience high participation and illustrate this point.
Liberal Studies and the Arts (LSA), a department of the Division of Continuing Studies,
provides nonprofit programming for the arts and humanities community through
offerings in music, theatre, and the visual arts. Among its offerings are the nationally recognized Writer’s Institute, Write-by-the-Lake Writer’s Workshop and Retreat, the state55
Museums, galleries, and
gardens that are free and
open to the public
Allen Centennial Gardens58
Chazen Museum of Art59
Cinematheque60, a showcase
for films that otherwise might
not be shown in Madison
D.C. Smith Greenhouse61
Geology Museum62
Physics Museum63
School of Human Ecology
Design Gallery64
Memorial Union Galleries65
(Porter Butts, Class of 1925,
Lakeshore on Langdon)
Tandem Press Gallery66
Washburn Observatory67
Zoology Museum68
UW Space Place69
110
Engagement and Service
wide Wisconsin Regional Art Program, the annual School of the Arts at Rhinelander (in its
45th year), the Wisconsin Wrights Play Festival, and theatre production programming.
Major partners include the City of Rhinelander, Partners in Arts Education, the Wisconsin
Alliance for Arts Education, the Wisconsin Arts Board, the Wisconsin Department of
Public Instruction, and the Madison Repertory Theatre. Offerings are heavily subscribed
and evolve to serve the interests of the target populations.
The Osher Lifelong Learning Institute56 is the umbrella organization for a number of
senior-learning programs that serve the interests of older adults who are engaged
with the academic experience. Through the Senior Guest Auditing program, Wisconsin
residents age 60 or older may audit UW lecture courses free of charge. The Participatory
Learning and Teaching Organization (PLATO) is a volunteer-led, self-facilitated group
that has grown to about 700 members. It draws upon its own membership to provide
instruction of interest to its members. The Wisconsin Alumni Lifelong Learning program
(WALL) offers a variety of personal enrichment programming targeted toward, but not
restricted to, UW alumni. Programs include Grandparents University, weekend Alumni
Colleges, day trips to museum exhibits, tours to local businesses and industries, lecture
series, and online courses.
The Wisconsin Film Festival,57 an annual festival sponsored by UW–Madison’s Arts
Institute, is open to the public and offers some of the most challenging new work from
the world’s great directors. The festival is committed to both high-quality cinema and to
socially relevant stories. It supports and encourages local filmmakers, a part of the arts
community often underserved by other UW and public arts programs. The success of
Wisconsin Film Festival (approximately 30,000 attended in 2008) is frequently cited as
an inspiration for other film festivals in Wisconsin, a factor in business development (e.g.,
one of the first Sundance Cinemas is now located in Madison), and a key component
of the state’s new initiatives to spur economic growth by drawing film productions to
Wisconsin.
5d.iii. The wide array of continuing education is important to the educational and service missions of the university.
As noted under Criterion 5a, the Division of Continuing Studies, which serves 160,000
students in credit and non-credit instruction annually, is the largest and most comprehensive provider in the state.70 Annually, the Division of Continuing Studies reviews the
continuing education offerings, evaluates needs and expectations, and makes recommendations for improvements (known as the Critical Analysis Report). Every school and
college and many academic departments and programs provide professional development and continuing education opportunities for practitioners in their academic area of
expertise, and also, in many cases, for the interested public. Examples include:
Engagement and Service
• P
rofessional Development and Applied Studies71 (PDAS), Division of Continuing Studies, offers a variety of professional development and educational programs: communications programs, public management and a Certified Public
Manager Program, a Substance Abuse Certificate Program, a statewide HIV/AIDS
program in collaboration with a statewide network, executive-development programs in collaboration with state government agencies, training for prenatal-care
coordinators in cooperation with Wisconsin Women’s Health Foundation, and
addiction treatment programs with support from national associations that have
come together to develop a national training program on the neuroscience of
addiction and addiction recovery.
111
Continuing Education Units
College of Letters and Science
Community Resources74
Continuing Education in Nursing75
Continuing Education in Veterinary Medicine76
Continuing Legal Education (CLE),
Law School77
• T
he Farm and Industry Short Course72 is a seventeen-week non-degree program designed to serve those interested in learning about production agriculture
who do not want to commit to a four-year college program. Courses cover soils,
crops, poultry, dairy, meat animals and general livestock, horticulture, agricultural engineering, agricultural economics, human relations and communications.
Housed in the College of Agricultural and Life Sciences and founded in 1885, it
is the oldest program of its kind. More than 6,000 graduates have gone on to
productive careers in agriculture.
Engineering Outreach, College of
Engineering78
• O
ffice of Education Outreach (OEO), School of Education, offers professionaldevelopment programs for practicing educators. The distance-enabled Master of
Science in Professional Education, the graduate level master Administrator Capstone Certificate, and selected online courses offer credit/degree opportunities and
a variety of noncredit programs on campus as well as in online formats. The office
has strong working relationships with the Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction, numerous school districts, and Cooperative Education Service Agencies.
Farm and Industry Short Course,
College of Agricultural and Life
Sciences82
73
5d.iv. The university uses awards and celebrations to demonstrate
that internal and external constituencies value service, outreach, and
­engagement activities.
Community engagement, public service, and outreach, are recognized through numerous
annual awards and celebrations. Among awards and celebrations for students are the
Meyerhoff Undergraduate Excellence Awards for Leadership, Service and Scholarship
that recognize 26 students annually who have made outstanding leadership and service
contributions to the university and/or the surrounding communities while maintaining a
record of academic excellence. The Outstanding Community Partner Award is given to
a nonprofit agency that excels in providing opportunities for students to engage in and
learn from the community through projects related to volunteerism, service learning, or
civic engagement. Among several awards for faculty is the William T. Evjue Distinguished
Chair for the Wisconsin Idea, created in 2000 to recognize outstanding contributions to
outreach and public service. Awards for alumni include the Distinguished Alumni Award,
which celebrates outstanding alumni whose achievements exemplify the Wisconsin Idea,
and Forward Under 40, an award to honor and recognize outstanding grads under age
40 who are making an impact on the world. The Wisconsin Idea Seminar, to which participants are selected through a nomination process, is a five-day bus tour that immerses
40 faculty and staff in the educational, industrial, social, and political realities of Wisconsin;
it has been offered annually since 1985.
Awards and Celebrations Recognizing Community Engagement, Service,
and Outreach
• The Wisconsin Idea Seminar, for faculty and staff89
• C
lassified Employee Recognition Award (CERA) for outstanding service to the
public and students90
• T
he Robert Heideman Award for Excellence in Public Service and Outreach for
staff involved in the public service mission of the university91
• G
erald A. Bartell Award in the Arts for faculty and staff achievements in the creative arts, in the areas of outreach, public service, and/or other activities involving
the larger community92
Engineering Professional Development, College of Engineering79
Executive Education, School of
Business80
Extension Services in Pharmacy81
Nelson Institute for Environmental
Studies Outreach Office83
Office of Continuing Professional
Development (OCPD), School of
Medicine and Public Health84
Office of Education Outreach,
School of Education85
Professional Development and
Applied Studies, Division of Continuing Studies86
Professional Social Work Credentials & Continuing Education87
School of Library and Information
Studies Continuing Education,
College of Letters and Science88
112
Engagement and Service
• S
tudent Personnel Association Chancellor’s Award for distinguished service to the
university community, student services, and professional organizations outside
the campus93
• T
he Morgridge Center for Public Service Excellence in Civic Engagement Student
Award for a student who has made community and civic engagement integral to
his/her college experience94
• S
tudent Organizations Office Contribution to Community Award recognizes a
student organization that has contributed to the quality of life outside of UW–
Madison95
• M
eyerhoff Undergraduate Excellence Awards for Leadership, Service and Scholarship recognize students who have made outstanding leadership and service
contributions to the university and/or the surrounding communities96
• B
ascom Hill Society Scholarship, awarded annually to a junior or senior who has
a solid academic record, demonstrated leadership capability, and outstanding
volunteer contributions.97
• U
ndergraduate Symposium celebrates undergraduate creativity, achievement,
research, service learning, and community-based research98
• O
utstanding Community Partner Award honors the commitment of the university’s community partners99
• S
chool of Human Ecology Award for Excellence in Outreach recognizes outstanding contributions to outreach100
• C
ALS/SoHE Robert G. F. and Hazel T. Spitze Land Grant Faculty Award for Excellence for a faculty member whose work best applies the tools of science to the
practical needs of the state
• K
en and Linda Ciriacks Alumni Outreach Excellence Award recognizes faculty
members who deliver enrichment or outreach programs to a primarily alumni
audience101
• V
an Hise Outreach Teaching Award: created to recognize excellence in outreach
teaching
• T
he William T. Evjue Distinguished Chair for the Wisconsin Idea for outstanding
contributions to outreach and service is appointed for a five-year period
• D
istinguished Alumni Award celebrates graduates whose professional achievements, contributions to society and support of the university exemplify the Wisconsin Idea102
• F orward Under 40 honors grads under age 40 who are making an impact on the
world103
• D
istinguished Business Alumnus Award for alumni who achieve outstanding success in their career and give back to the community104
• A
lumni Achievement Award (School of Education) recognizes a career of extraordinary accomplishment that includes a record of service and leadership105
5d.v. Tenure guidelines include provisions for tenure on the basis of outreach scholarship.
Evidence that internal audiences value the outreach activities of faculty is the inclusion
of provisions for tenure on the basis of outreach scholarship. In 1997, the Council on
Outreach produced “Commitment to the Wisconsin Idea: A Guide to Documenting
and Evaluating Outreach Scholarship” to provide a “clear and enduring method for
describing and evaluating the quality of outreach scholarship within departmental and
divisional committee guidelines.”106 UW–Madison faculty are considered for tenure
within one of four disciplinary divisions, each with its own tenure guidelines: arts and
humanities, biological sciences, physical sciences, social studies (see Criterion 1e). The
Biological Sciences provides a representative example. The granting of tenure is based
on evidence of strength in two of three areas: (1) teaching excellence; (2) a record of
Engagement and Service
professional creativity, such as research or other accomplishments appropriate to the
discipline; and (3) service to the university, to the faculty member’s profession, or professional service to the public. Typically, excellence in outreach/extension may serve
as a basis for tenure for those with a formal appointment of at least 50 percent in an
outreach/extension program. Extension activities result in the dissemination of information and the application of the results of scholarly inquiry in basic and applied disciplines
for the benefit of society. Evidence of outreach and extension activities would include a
synopsis of outreach teaching, research, and service responsibilities; documentation of
such activities (e.g., outreach presentations such as lectures, workshops, or individualized advising; publication of bulletins or research related to outreach activities); and
evaluation of outreach performance by peers.
Summary of Evidence
Engagement and service are embedded in the university’s traditional missions of research,
education, and service. The Wisconsin Idea provides a century-old cultural framework
through which the university’s commitment to the people of Wisconsin and beyond is
realized. The university learns from its constituencies and evaluates the capacity to meet
needs and expectations through the Wisconsin Idea Project; through the extension,
outreach, and continuing education enterprise, and the regular evaluations of service
conducted in those areas; through community relations activities that are focused on
the Madison community; and through numerous advisory boards that include dozens
of community members who are valued for their wise feedback and advice.
Several cross-campus programs contribute to the university’s capacity to engage with
constituent groups and advance the Wisconsin Idea, including Morgridge Center for
Public Service and a range of activities in the schools and colleges; the Baldwin Wisconsin
Idea Grant program that provides funding for creative approaches proposed by faculty
and staff; and the Office of Corporate Relations that connects the business community
with university resources.
The university’s responsiveness to constituent groups that depend on it for service is
exemplified in programs that develop the college-bound pipeline, collaborations with
other institutions of higher education, development of off-campus programs, and the
use of distributed educational approaches.
That internal and external constituencies value the service the organization provides is
evidenced by the ways that the resources of the university are made available to and
113
114
Engagement and Service
used by the general public: consultation with faculty and staff experts, delivery of a
range of programmatic and cultural offerings, and continuing and professional education that covers the full range of the university’s disciplines. Awards and celebrations
are internal and external expressions of value. The tradition of the Wisconsin Idea is a
solid foundation for refining how service and engagement are realized and for moving
forward.
Future Challenges and Areas for Improvement
• U
niversity leaders, faculty, and staff will continue to make use of the information
collected in the Wisconsin Idea in Action database. In conjunction with the Wisconsin Idea Project, university leaders, faculty, and staff will seek to better communicate ways the university is best serving constituencies and identify areas in
which greater collaboration and coordination will leverage greater impacts.
• T
he Council of Outreach Deans, under the newly articulated mission, will become
a vehicle through which the university community can advance the Wisconsin
Idea in priority areas, such as K–12 connections and health and medicine.
• S
upported by the Morgridge Center, faculty and staff will continue to integrate
service learning and community-based research into the curriculum and co-curriculum in ways that enhance the Wisconsin Experience for students and serve
community needs.
• S
trategies for deployment of technology to enrich the educational experience
will continue to be a topic of discussion. Campus leaders, faculty, and staff will
consider a range of ways to extend the delivery of degree programs, including
collaborations, off-campus sites, and distance-delivery.
Notes
1.www.wisconsinidea.wisc.edu/history.html
2.www.apa.wisc.edu/communityengagement
3.The project was initiated in support of the university’s strategic priorities for 2007–09.
www.chancellor.wisc.edu/strategicplan.old/areasOfFocus/amplify.html
4.www.wiscape.wisc.edu/publications/attachments/BB047WalshPresentation.pdf
5.www.secfac.wisc.edu/divcomm
6.www.cals.wisc.edu
7.www.dcs.wisc.edu/outreach/conted.htm
8.www.exed.wisc.edu/sbdc
Engagement and Service
9.www.cityofmadison.com/mayor/mycommit.html
10.http://pace.uhs.wisc.edu
11.www.ccp.wisc.edu
12.www.odyssey.wisc.edu
13.www.vip.wisc.edu
14.www.news.wisc.edu/commencement/wileySpring2008.html
15.www.provost.wisc.edu/baldwin
16.www.morgridge.wisc.edu
17.www.morgridge.wisc.edu/students/volunteer.html
18.www.news.wisc.edu/14760
19.www.news.wisc.edu/service%20learning
20.www.ls.wisc.edu/handbook/ChapterFive/chV-10.htm
21.www.lssaa.wisc.edu/figs
22.www.humanities.wisc.edu/HEX/Home.html
23.www.news.wisc.edu/newsphotos/rubblePile.html
24.www.union.wisc.edu/wud
25.www.ocr.wisc.edu
26.www.slh.wisc.edu
27.www.sohe.wisc.edu/centers/cnp
28.www.wicci.wisc.edu
29.www.nelson.wisc.edu/tales
30.www.nelson.wisc.edu/outreach/community
31.http://law.wisc.edu/fjr
32.www.med.wisc.edu/education/md/warm
33.http://wphf.med.wisc.edu
34.www.uwhealth.org
35.www.uwalumni.com
36.www.warf.org
37.www.uwfoundation.wisc.edu
38.www.universityresearchpark.org
39.www.dcs.wisc.edu/outreach/youth.htm
40.www.peopleprogram.wisc.edu
41.Seventy-six students enrolled in the first three cohorts (2002, 2003, 2004) and have had at
least four years to graduate.
42.www.admissions.wisc.edu/transfer/agreements.php
43.www.connections.wisc.edu
44.www.uwsa.edu/bor/agenda/2008/october.pdf
45.http://academic.son.wisc.edu/bsnathome
46.www.wisc.edu/arth
47.www.education.wisc.edu/elpa/coop
48.www.ansci.wisc.edu/topic.htm#poultry
49.http://apa.wisc.edu/approvals.html
50. http://experts.news.wisc.edu
51. www.lafollette.wisc.edu
52.http://discoveryportal.org
53.www.sustainability.wisc.edu
54.www.arts.wisc.edu
55.www.dcs.wisc.edu/lsa
56.www.seniorlearning.wisc.edu
57.www.wifilmfest.org
58.www.horticulture.wisc.edu/allencentennialgardens/Index.htm
59.www.chazen.wisc.edu
60.http://cinema.wisc.edu
115
116
Engagement and Service
61.www.hort.wisc.edu/Greenhouse/dcsmith.htm
62.www.geology.wisc.edu/~museum
63.www.physics.wisc.edu/museum
64.www.designgallery.wisc.edu
65.www.union.wisc.edu/art
66.www.tandempress.wisc.edu/tandem
67.www.astro.wisc.edu/Washburn
68.www.zoology.wisc.edu/uwzm
69.http://spaceplace.wisc.edu
70.www.dcs.wisc.edu/outreach/conted.htm
71.www.dcs.wisc.edu/pda
72.www.cals.wisc.edu/students/shortCourse
73.www.education.wisc.edu/outreach
74.www.ls.wisc.edu/outreach.htm
75.www.son.wisc.edu/ce
76.www.vetmed.wisc.edu/Continuing_Education.34.1.html
77.http://law.wisc.edu/clew
78.www.engr.wisc.edu/services/oeo
79.http://epdweb.engr.wisc.edu
80.http://exed.wisc.edu
81.http://minds.wisconsin.edu/handle/1793/18768
82.www.cals.wisc.edu/students/shortCourse
83.www.nelson.wisc.edu/outreach
84.www.ocpd.wisc.edu
85.www.education.wisc.edu/outreach
86.www.dcs.wisc.edu/pda
87.www.socwork.wisc.edu/new_web
88.www.slis.wisc.edu
89.http://info.gradsch.wisc.edu/wis
90.www.cncs.wisc.edu/awards.htm
91.http://acstaff.wisc.edu/awards/AScall%202008.htm
92.www.arts.wisc.edu/artsinstitute/awards/bartell.html
93.www.uw-spa.org/
94.www.morgridge.wisc.edu/students/awards.html
95.http://soo.studentorg.wisc.edu/handbook/08-09/award_recognition.html
96.www.provost.wisc.edu/uaa/awards/meyerhoff.html
97.www.provost.wisc.edu/uaa/awards/bascomHillSociety.htm
98.www.learning.wisc.edu/ugsymposium
99.www.morgridge.wisc.edu/students/awards.html
100. www.sohe.wisc.edu/new/resoutex/SchoolofHumanEcologyUniversityAwards.htm
101. www.news.wisc.edu/15140
102. www.uwalumni.com/home/alumniandfriends/waa_awards/daa/daa.aspx
103. www.forwardunder40.com
104. www.bus.wisc.edu/news/0283.asp
105. www.education.wisc.edu/alumni/awards
106. www.secfac.wisc.edu/divcomm
Federal COMPLIANCE
FEDERAL
Compliance
Federal Compliance
A. Credits, Program Length, and Tuition
Credits and Program Length
The UW–Madison academic calendar operates on a semester system—a 16-week fall
and spring semester and a summer session that includes sessions of varying length, with
the 8-week session being the dominant one. The semester length and the assignment
of credit hours are established according to practices that are common in higher education, and especially among peer institutions. Faculty guidelines award one credit for 15
hours of lecture, 15 to 30 hours of discussion, or 30 to 45 hours of laboratory, consistent
with the Carnegie unit. The university calendar is available through the Secretary of the
Faculty.1
Program length and requirements are consistent with similar programs at peer institutions (generally 120 to 128 credits for undergraduate programs). Detailed information about program length and requirements are communicated to students through
descriptions in the Undergraduate Catalog, the Graduate Catalog and in publications
of the professional schools.2 Degree program requirements, including length and curricular details, are determined and approved by program faculty and through a governance process, in keeping with broad program policy set by committees of the faculty,
the faculty senate, UW System Administration, and the Board of Regents.
UW–Madison is a member of the Committee on Institutional Cooperation (CIC), the
American Association of Universities (AAU), the American Association of Universities Data
Exchange (AAUDE), the American Association of Collegiate Registrars and Admissions
Officers (AACRAO), and other regional and national organizations that provide venues
for the exchange of information that allows UW–Madison to compare standards of academic policies and practices with other similar institutions.
Tuition and Fees
Tuition and fees are set annually by the UW System Board of Regents. Detailed tuition
and fee information is available via a variety of publications, among them:
• the Registrar’s Web site3
• the Data Digest4
• the UW System Administration Budget Office5
117
118
Federal COMPLIANCE
FEDERAL
Compliance
Undergraduates in the School of Business and
in the College of Engineering pay a differential
tuition surcharge to defray the higher instructional costs of these programs and to fund additional academic and student support to assure
top-quality programs (see Criterion 2.b.). For
similar reasons, master’s level students in the
School of Business also pay a tuition surcharge.
Law, Medicine (M.D.), Pharmacy (Pharm.D.), and
Veterinary Medicine (DVM) professional students
pay tuition that exceeds regular graduate tuition
because of the high cost of delivering these programs. Peer tuition comparisons are used in the
tuition-setting process to evaluate if tuition is consistent with similar institutions. UW–Madison’s
regular undergraduate tuition has been one of
the lowest in the tuition peer group for decades
(see Criterion 2.b., Data Digest, page 65).
B. Compliance with Higher Education Reauthorization Act/
Title IV
Compliance Considerations Related to the Higher Education Opportunity Act reauthorization of 2008 (HEOA 2008). As of August 2008, UW–Madison was in compliance with the Higher Education Reauthorization Act of 1998, with Ensuring Continued
Access to Student Loans Act of 2008 (ECASLA), Higher Education Reconciliation Act
(HERA) of 2006 and the College Opportunity and Affordability Act (CCRAA) of 2007.
Compliance with financial aid provisions is handled by the Office of Student Financial
Aid. Compliance with student-related IPEDS reporting requirements is coordinated
by the Office of Academic Planning and Analysis in collaboration with the Division
of Enrollment Management and UW System Administration. Compliance with safety
reporting is coordinated by the UW Police Department and the Offices of the Dean of
Students. Human resources, finance, and budget reporting are handled by the Office
of Human Resources and the Budget Office. UW System Administration prepares and
submits all IPEDS reports to the U.S. Department of Education on behalf of System
institutions.
UW–Madison is actively responding to the numerous new provisions of the HEOA 2008
that establish new requirements for reporting to the Department of Education through
IPEDS, additional requirements for public disclosure of information by the university,
and new financial aid provisions. UW–Madison has an established pattern of high levels
of disclosure of institutional data and information and is planning for the requested
information to be made available according to implementation timetables and protocols that are to be set out by the Department of Education and according to policies of
the Commission. University personnel also make use of national peer associations and
organized groups of counterparts (examples: ACE, AAU, AAUDE, AIR, AAU financial aid
directors) to share information and monitor progress to compliance and these peer
groups will provide benchmarks for a common standard of compliance.
The Office of Student Financial Aid (formerly Student Financial Services) assures and
maintains the university’s compliance with the HEOA as it relates to financial aid. They
hold current copies of all required documentation:
• Program Participation Agreement (PPA),
• Eligibility and Certification Renewal (ECAR),
• Fiscal Operations Report and Application to Participate (FISAP),
• C
ompliance audits performed by Wisconsin Legislative Audit Bureau to meet
USED requirements,
• Annual reports related to Experimental Site participation,
• Copies of these documents will be available upon request.
Federal COMPLIANCE
FEDERAL
Compliance
UW–Madison’s student loan default rates are among the lowest in the nation, well below
the national average. In FY 2006, students borrowing through the Federal Stafford Loan
Program had a default rate of 0.3 percent. This compares to the national average default
rate of 5.2 percent. UW–Madison’s Federal Perkins Loan default rate for FY 2007 was
1.44 percent; national averages are 7.81 percent. The student loan unit of the Bursar’s
office and the student loan servicing unit of the Office of Student Financial Aid make
efforts to provide educational materials that make the payment process easy to understand. The bursar’s staff handles exit interviews and billing for all loans except those in
the Federal Family Educational Loan Program (FFELP), and the student loan servicing
staff work with former students whose loans other than FFELP become delinquent.
Clery Act/Campus Safety Information. UW–Madison complies with federal requirements for the disclosure of rates of campus crime. The annual Campus Safety Report,
which includes information required under the Clery Act, is posted at a dedicated
Campus Safety Web site.6 The Campus Safety Project is a collaborative effort of the UW
Police Department, the Offices of the Dean of Students, University Health Services, and
the Employee Assistance Program.
C. Distance Learning
In 2006, UW–Madison was granted permission to implement distance-delivered programs
without prior HLC approval. The following programs are offered via distance-delivery
and this list is limited to programs that are delivered 100 percent asynchronously.
• BS-Nursing (Collaborative Program) (Internet)
• Doctor of Pharmacy (non-traditional) (Internet)
• MA in Library and Information Studies (Internet)
• Master of Engineering-Engineering (Internet)
• MS in Electrical Engineering (Video/CD ROM)
• MS in Manufacturing Systems Engineering (Internet)
• MS in Mechanical Engineering (Video/CD ROM)
• Certificate in Laboratory Quality Management (Internet)
D. Off-Campus Locations
UW–Madison’s Status of Affiliation requires prior Higher Learning Commission approval
for new program sites. Course locations must be reported to the commission at the
time of the annual report. Like many universities, UW–Madison developed a heightened
awareness of these requirements in 2007 due to communiqués from the Commission,
scrutiny by the U.S. Department of Education, and increased interest by faculty in establishing off-campus sites.
UW–Madison requires governance approvals for program sites and course locations.
Program sites also need UW System Administration and Board of Regents approval.
Policy guidelines for approval are posted at the University Academic Planning Council
Web site.7
In-State Program Sites
BS-Nursing, School of Nursing “Western Campus” site, Gundersen-Lutheran Clinic,
La Crosse,Wisconsin. Students are accepted into the BS-Nursing program at the juniorlevel; they may choose to apply to enroll at the UW–Madison campus in Madison or at
the La Crosse program site. The program was first implemented in 2001. In 2007, 24
of UW–Madison’s 150 BS-Nursing graduates completed their studies at the La Crosse
program site. In spring 2008, 47 of 720 students in the BS-Nursing program were
enrolled at the La Crosse program site.
119
120
Federal COMPLIANCE
FEDERAL
Compliance
In-State Course Locations
None
Out-of-State Program Sites
None
Out-of-State Course Locations
The School of Library and Information Studies established UW–Madison’s first out-ofstate course location when they made courses available to working librarians seeking
to upgrade their skills at the Prairie Area Library System in Rockford, Illinois. Two core
courses for the MS-Library and Information Studies program are delivered through
video-conferencing with a UW–Madison-supported instructor on location. Students
complete the two core courses this way, and complete the rest of the program through
other online, asynchronous distance course formats.
The Law School established UW–Madison’s first international course location at the East
China University of Political Science and Law in Shanghai, China, to serve students
in the Master of Legal Institutions program. Starting in fall 2009, students have the
option of taking up to 11 credits of the 24-credit program at the course location in
Shanghai (students in this program are generally international students and are not
eligible for federal financial aid). No more than four courses per year will be offered. This
course location was approved by UW–Madison in 2008 and will be reported to HLC in
the annual reporting cycle in February 2009.
E. Record of Student Complaints
Students have and use a variety of approaches to communicate concerns, ideas, and
complaints at every level of the university. Many of these routes are informal. Formal
routes include those described below. For details on how the university addresses complaints and concerns, see Criterion 1.e. and the special emphasis Institutional Integrity
report.
The UW–Madison Office of the Chancellor and Office of the Provost keep a log of all
mail they receive in a searchable database. Included in these records are communications from students about concerns or complaints. Typically, student concerns are conveyed to the Offices of the Dean of Students or other appropriate units for follow-up
and resolution.
Formal routes by which students may lodge complaints include the Office for Equity
and Diversity,8 which has responsibility for affirmative action and equal employment
opportunity compliance, and the Offices of the Dean of Students, which oversees the
student academic and non-academic code of conduct.9 Information is communicated
to students about expectations for conduct and student rights and responsibilities in
the Undergraduate Catalog, and Graduate Catalog.10 For academic concerns, students
are directed to initiate a complaint with the instructor, and subsequently make appeals
to the department chair and then to the school/college dean if the concerns are not
addressed adequately.
University Advertising and Recruiting Materials
HLC policy requires that when the university makes reference to its affiliation with the
Commission it include the Commission’s address, Web site, and phone number. At the
time of the 1999 site visit we increased attention to proper reference to the Commission.
We have given renewed attention to the inclusion of the local phone number and the
URL and reminded our colleagues, through the Campus Communicators Group, about
what information to provide. Accreditation is referenced in the Undergraduate Catalog,
the Graduate Catalog, some financial aid materials, and in the Data Digest.
Federal COMPLIANCE
FEDERAL
Compliance
Dual and Specialized Accreditation
The university does not hold dual-accreditation. Several programs maintain specialized
accreditation in a number of specific programs. A list of specialized accreditations is
published annually in the Data Digest (pages 98–100).
Notes
1. w
ww.secfac.wisc.edu/acadcal/
2. www.wisc.edu/academics/catalogs.php
3. http://registrar.wisc.edu/students/fees_tuition/1092tuition.pdf
4. http://www.bpa.wisc.edu/datadigest/DataDigest2007-2008a.pdf, page 66
5. A three-page detailed listing at www.uwsa.edu/budplan/tuition/0809FeeSchedule.pdf
6. www.safeu.wisc.edu/
7. http://apa.wisc.edu/Program_Review/UAPC_OffCampus_Sept2008.pdf
8. www.oed.wisc.edu
9. www.wisc.edu/students/saja/misconduct/misconduct.html
10.www.wisc.edu/academics/catalogs.php
121
122
Request for Continued Accreditation
Request for Continued Accreditation
The University of Wisconsin–Madison formally requests continued accreditation from the
Higher Learning Commission of the North Central Association of Colleges and Schools.
The self-study process, including the special emphasis study and the development of the
evidence of meeting the core criteria, has given UW–Madison leaders, faculty, and staff
a better understanding of the strengths of the institution and opportunities for improvement. This self-study report provides selected examples of evidence that UW–Madison
meets or exceeds the expectations of the Criteria for Accreditation and other requirements for accreditation.
Request for Continued Accreditation
PAR T I I
Special Emphasis Study:
What will it mean to be a
great public university in
a changing world?
123
124
Special Emphasis Introduction
Special Emphasis Introduction
Special Emphasis Introduction
Introduction
In this rapidly evolving world, national trends point to dramatic changes—economic,
cultural, educational, technological, and environmental—that will demand equally dramatic changes in the U.S. system of higher education. Among these changes are:
• A
n increased responsibility to prepare every student to productively contribute to
a globally interdependent world.
• G
reater transparency and accountability, key themes in the report from the Secretary of Education’s Commission on the Future of Higher Education, which are
at the forefront of national deliberations about higher-education policy.
• Income disparities as one of the most significant barriers to access and graduation for all students, although minority students are affected disproportionately.
As state and federal support for universities declines, the issue of affordability will
require a shift from merit-based to need-based financial aid.
• T
he demographic profile of graduate students, which continues to change: More
than half of U.S. citizens who received doctorates in 2007 were women, yet
only a small proportion were minorities; and international-student enrollment in
graduate programs has increased.
• F inally, a focus on sustainability and ethical stewardship of natural resources,
which is integral to contemporizing higher education.
Trends in Wisconsin mirror national trends. Because of the rising costs of health care
and energy, the state’s share of revenue available to higher education is decreasing.
This decline in revenue is coupled with a sentiment from the public that its tax burden
has become severe. As a result, a growing share of the university’s budget is covered by
grants from federal and state governments and agencies, and gifts from private donors.
The university must examine these complex issues and contribute to finding solutions.
In creating a vision for the next ten years, the Special Emphasis Study teams recognized
that changes in the context of higher education must frame their recommendations
for the future. Yet, the teams also reaffirmed core values, noting that these values not
only form the university’s identity and define its emerging priorities, but also allow it to
remain true to its unique culture and mission. The UW–Madison legacy, rooted in the
125
126
Special Emphasis Introduction
Wisconsin Idea, grows deeper and stronger into the 21st century. In every sphere, synergies result from cutting-edge research, innovative learning, and public engagement.
This interconnectedness characterizes the highly valued working-and-learning environment that is UW–Madison’s hallmark.
The theme for the special emphasis study—“What will it mean to be a great university in a changing world?—was carefully chosen to encourage a discussion of the
university’s uniqueness and identity in a rapidly changing world. The discussion, which
captured the ideas of people both on and off campus, represents the current campus
climate. The outcomes of this discussion will be articulated in the next campus strategic
plan, leading to positive change undertaken to sustain UW–Madison as a great research
university with a public purpose.
The process chosen for the special emphasis study honors the culture and traditions at
UW–Madison by being broad-based, inclusive, and transparent. This organic approach
was essential for engaging students, staff, faculty, and alumni, and ensuring that ideas
from these key constituents were included in the university’s continuous effort to plan
strategically for its future.
Over time, this self-study will be remembered as an effort that energetically engaged
people to consciously create the future for the university.
The Special Emphasis Study Process
Early in 2007, then Provost Patrick V. Farrell initiated UW–Madison’s 2009 reaccreditation by appointing a project director and deputy director. The goal for the self-study
was to expand the breadth of participation and the transparency of the 1999 self-study
process, engaging key constituents in laying the foundation for campuswide strategic planning. This process moved forward, in consultation with the Higher Learning
Commission, and in February 2008, the university sought formal permission to conduct
the special emphasis study on strategic planning. The president of the Higher Learning
Commission granted permission in May 2008.
The theme for the special emphasis study, first identified in February 2007 by the
provost, the project director, and an ad hoc group of faculty and staff, focused on two
key questions:
• What will it mean to be a great public university in a changing world?
• How will the UW–Madison uniquely embody this greatness?
In March 2007, the project director established a four-member core team, a five-member
process team, and a 25-member steering committee composed of faculty, staff, and
students (see Acknowledgments). In April 2007, participation and input were sought
from UW–Madison’s major constituent groups, including Web-accessible alumni living
around the world, students, staff, and faculty (Mathews, et al. 20081). The aim of this
large-scale engagement was to identify key themes that would be explored by teams in
more depth. Three questions were used for this purpose:
• What about UW–Madison do you most value and want to carry forward?
urs is a changing world. In this changing world, what are issues for
• O
UW–Madison to address?
• What will define UW–Madison as a great public university in the future?
The engagement process was the largest ever initiated on the UW–Madison campus.
The provost invited approximately 2,000 faculty, 14,000 staff, and 42,000 students to
respond to the Web survey based on the above questions, while the president of WAA
invited 138,000 alumni to respond. The reaccreditation project director and deputy
director engaged with more than fifty campus governance or advisory groups, totaling
more than 500 people, during a four-week period in April and May 2007. They held
seven campuswide listening sessions for faculty and staff, organized by disciplinary area.
Finally, they held several sessions for employees during second and third shifts, and
provided Spanish and Hmong translators. In total, more than 193,000 surveys were
Special Emphasis Introduction
e-mailed locally and around the globe. More than 6,200 UW–Madison community
members—a 3 percent response rate—participated in the process by providing their
ideas and insights about the future of the university (table 18).
The 25-member reaccreditation steering committee then met for two full days in June 2007
to categorize the 18,668 responses to the three questions into themes. Using Themeseekr
—a software tool developed by a UW–Madison graduate student to help sort, categorize,
and analyze the survey responses2—the committee identified twenty-three themes (see
table 19).
These themes were then vetted with constituent and leadership groups that included
the Deans’ Leadership Council, campus executive leaders (the chancellor, provost, vice
chancellor for administration, vice provosts, and the Provost’s Executive Group), the vice
chancellor for administration’s directors, the Board of Directors for the Wisconsin Alumni
Association, student government, and the reaccreditation steering committee. These
groups further aggregated the twenty-three themes into a smaller number of integrated
themes, which were finalized by the steering committee into six overarching ideas for
further study by teams in July 2007. In August, 2007 the six theme teams were formed
and twelve faculty and staff members were invited to co-chair the six committees. The
committees included faculty, academic and classified staff, graduate and undergraduate
students, alumni, and community members, with membership ranging from ten to
thirty-five. In total, 190 faculty, staff, students, and alumni served on the teams.
In September 2007, the teams were charged with specific questions and encouraged
to host further discussion and/or data collection around the themes. Teams were also
directed to discuss key crosscutting questions about distinctiveness, vision, climate and
diversity, and infrastructure. After meeting throughout the academic year, team cochairs delivered final reports in May 2008 and presented key ideas to approximately
eighty campus leaders during a half-day retreat, formally concluding the open engagement and teamwork for the special emphasis study.
Engagement Outcomes and Development of the Themes
A clear message was sent through the myriad of responses to the engagement questions: academic excellence has been and must continue to be at the forefront of all we
do. Slight variation among theme rankings provides important insights into the priorities for each of the respondent groups, demarcating the current feelings—or, perhaps
the challenges—faced by each. This variation must not be ignored, as it provides guidance in how we set our campuswide priorities and how we garner collective support as
we consciously and intentionally create our future. It should come as no surprise that
127
128
Special Emphasis Introduction
the campus and alumni identified these as some of our key challenges over the next
ten years: diversity, quality research and teaching, global awareness, the environment,
funding, and the Wisconsin Idea.
These priorities, collectively, represent the wisdom and vision that unite the special
emphasis study. They strongly echo the key concepts that helped to shape UW–Madison
in the past—the Wisconsin Idea, sifting and winnowing, and shared governance—and will
continue to shape it in the future. It is as though the self-study began by asking, “What
made the Wisconsin Idea, sifting and winnowing, and shared governance such powerful
ideas? And, what lessons might we draw from them to take us into the next century?”
The engagement outcomes, as they translated into six themes for further study, yielded
a resounding affirmation of our campus identity. And, among themselves, they powerfully communicate the ways in which UW–Madison is different and how convincingly
key constituents make a difference. The six theme teams that comprised the Special
Emphasis Study included:
• Institutional integrity: being a responsible and sustainable public
institution
• B
uilding a welcoming, respectful, and empowered UW–Madison
community
• Preparing global citizens and leaders of the future
• Integrating the processes of discovery and learning
• Creating an impact and shaping the global agenda
• Rethinking the public research university
The theme team reports that follow focus on the ways in which the university values
ethics and people; the opportunities it offers to students, faculty, and staff to contribute;
its place as a world-class research institution; and its purpose as a public university. Finally,
the reports articulate the university’s deep-seated strengths, including interdisciplinary
synergy among the liberal arts, sciences, and technology; and commitment to public
engagement through a historic and contemporary relationship with the state. Although
work remains, UW–Madison can build from an incredible position of strength.
The Six Theme Teams
“Institutional Integrity: being a responsible and sustainable public institution”
examines how the university conducts business, in ethical and sustainable terms. To
sustain foundations, environment, relationships, excellence, and a funding base, the university must ensure integrity in all that it does and embrace its public-purpose mission. It
eloquently acknowledges the university’s sense of “place.”
“Building a welcoming, respectful, and empowered UW–Madison community”
looks at the strength of the members of the campus community. The university believes
that a well-functioning community provides the necessary foundation for achieving all
the university’s goals, and that this community must be built intentionally. The university must nurture diversity and inclusivity, and foster and reward engagement, while
promoting civility.
“Preparing global citizens and leaders of the future” focuses on how UW–Madison
must be a hub for international learning and research opportunities. The university will
achieve this through the intelligent use of emerging information technologies with
global agility to foster new partnerships, acknowledging that we will be immersed in
a global environment. The university must ensure that it promotes and fosters global
competencies, not only among students, but also among all members of the campus
community.
“Integrating the processes of discovery and learning” focuses on UW–Madison’s distinctiveness as a world-class research university. This team report asserts that the historic
values and traditions that have made UW–Madison great can continue to make us great.
However, the university cannot assume that it can simply do business as usual. The
growing perception that UW–Madison is facing a “sea change” threatens its mission as a
Special Emphasis Introduction
world-class research university. Declining state funding, combined with waning political
support, threaten its competitive edge. The university must heed warnings from faculty
and staff about pending impacts of constrained resources, while reaffirming a commitment to the importance of the humanities, social sciences, and the arts.
“Creating an impact and shaping the global agenda” examines the university’s impact
on the world through interdisciplinary teaching and research. How can the university
engage in, and help solve, emerging challenges to the world? While UW–Madison’s
extraordinary people and place make it distinctive, its exceptional reach will continue to
make it great. With strategic investments to create a nimble infrastructure, UW–Madison
is poised to succeed in enhancing the impact of its interdisciplinary scholarship by
addressing emerging global issues.
“Rethinking the public research university” reassesses the public purpose of
UW–Madison, and makes clear the model for a world-class public research institution.
It asserts that while the Wisconsin Idea itself is not subject to negotiation, the time for
reinvigoration has come. The key questions are: How do we make the Wisconsin Idea
more integral and a more visible part of the work we do? How do we truly engage and
honor the citizens or our state?
Strategic Planning
Following the strategy of the past two reaccreditation cycles, the 2009 reaccreditation
project will give way to the next campuswide strategic plan. While this process has
varied slightly over the years, this cycle was marked by an earlier initiation of the plan’s
creation, with the intent that it more integrally dovetail with the conclusion of the reaccreditation process. To this end, following the conclusion of the reaccreditation theme
team work in May 2008, the provost engaged the Leadership Council, Office of Quality
Improvement, reaccreditation leaders and the theme team chairs in identifying the most
pressing, innovative and bold ideas to carry forward into a new strategic plan. With the
arrival of a new chancellor, and the simultaneous economic crisis that descended on
the country in October 2008, the plan has taken on a new level of significance as the
university braces for severe budget constriction.
Yet, despite the constraints that the university faces, campus leaders view this as a time
of unprecedented opportunity. Past successes that resulted from partnerships across the
entire university, community and state will become more important and relevant in the
future. It is the intent of those involved in the plan’s creation, scheduled for completion
by early February 2009, that it will infuse a sense of hope and opportunity to strengthen
the campus, while reaffirming its commitment to our core values and mission.
129
130
Special Emphasis Introduction
Table 18. Constituent Responses to the 2009 UW–Madison Reaccreditation
Self-Study Survey
Constituent GroupsNumber Percent of Percent of Constituent
of Responses
Group Responding
Students
3,337
54
8.0
Alumni
2,211
35
1.6
Faculty, Faculty-Staff
454
7
21.9*
Academic Staff
145
2
2.4
Classified Staff
82
1
1.6
6,229
99
Total Responses
* An estimated 20 percent of faculty responded to the survey questions.
Table 19. Theme Rankings by Constituent Groups in the 2009 UW–Madison
Reaccreditation Survey.
Themes
Academic Excellence
Diversity
Quality Research
Access
Campus Life
Global Awareness
Environment
Wisconsin Idea
Funding
Faculty/Staff Experience
Ethics/Values
Technology
Social Justice
Leadership
Other
Infrastructure
Health/Quality of Life
Adaptability/Flexibility
Out-of-Classroom Experience
Marketing UW
Grad Students
UW Living Laboratory
Interdisciplinarity
Overall
Students
Academic Staff
Alumni
Classified
Faculty
Groups
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
1
2
4
5
3
7
6
10
8
9
12
16
11
18
15
13
14
21
17
20
19
22
23
1
3
2
8
18
6
11
4
7
5
9
12
10
14
20
15
17
16
23
13
19
22
21
1
4
2
5
8
2
9
6
9
10
11
9
13
12
15
18
17
14
19
16
20
22
21
1
2
3
4
8
10
7
5
6
0
15
13
12
11
19
9
18
14
22
16
20
21
17
3
6
2
8
16
7
9
5
1
4
15
20
18
10
12
13
19
17
23
14
11
22
21
1
3
8
5
11
4
14
6
2
7
18
12
17
10
15
16
22
9
20
13
21
19
23
Notes
1. Nancy E. Mathews, Eden T. Inoway-Ronnie, Darin J. Harris, Donald A. Schutt, Maury Cotter
and Kathleen A. Paris. Developing a Self-Study Theme Through Large-Scale Engagement at the
University of Wisconsin–Madison. Higher Learning Commission Annual Conference Proceedings, 2008. Volume 4:75–78.
2. Themeseekr was developed by Erik Andrejko, Department of Mathematics. For more information about this software, contact Erik Andrejko at [email protected]
Institutional Integrity
Institutional Integrity
131
Institutional Integrity: Being a Responsible
and Sustainable Public Institution
“Personal and institutional integrity
are critical. If we are to be any different from other institutions selling out
to corporate profits, we need to have
a greater sense of purpose. We’re
here for education and the well-being
of the people of the State of Wisconsin, not for administrative careers,
personal gain, or even personal
aggrandizement.”
UW–Madison student
Interspersed throughout these
special emphasis reports are selected
responses from participants of the
Spring 2007 Reaccreditation survey.
132
Institutional Integrity
Co-Chairs
Louise S. Robbins, Professor/Director, School of Library and Information Studies
Paul N. Evans, Director, University Housing
Members
Phillip R. Certain, Dean Emeritus, College of Letters and Science
Gregory J. Downey, Associate Professor, School of Journalism and Mass
Communication, and School of Library and Information Studies
Kenneth L. Frazier, Director, General Library System
Margaret R. Hawkins, Associate Professor, Department of Curriculum and Instruction
Roger G. Maclean, Associate Dean, School of Business, Reaccreditation Steering
Committee Advisor
Kathleen R. Sell, Senior Lecturer, WISCAPE/Integrated Liberal Studies Program
Terrence K. Shelton, Outreach Director, La Follette School of Public Affairs
Advisors
Paula Bonner, President/CEO, Wisconsin Alumni Association
Jo Ann Carr, Director, Center for Instructional Materials and Computing
Walter J. Dickey, Associate Dean and Professor, Law School
Norman C. Fost, Professor, Department of Pediatrics, and Division of Continuing
Studies
Raymond Jung Lee Hsu, Graduate Student, English
Bradley T. Hughes, Faculty Associate, Department of English, and Writing Center
Judith Kornblatt, Senior Associate Dean, Graduate School; Professor, Department of
Slavic Languages
Carolyn J. Kruse, Director, College Library
Stephen R. Lund, Director, Office of Academic Personnel
Dipesh Navsaria, PL2 Resident, Pediatrics, School of Medicine and Public Health
Noel T. Radomski, Director and Associate Researcher, Wisconsin Center for the
Advancement of Postsecondary Education (WISCAPE)
Jacob O. Stampen, Professor Emeritus, Department of Educational Leadership and
Policy Analysis
Maura Taggart, Madison Community Member
Michael C. Thornton, Professor, Department of Afro-American Studies; Director,
Morgridge Center
Zachary R. Zangl, Undergraduate Student, Political Science, and History
Support Staff
Mathilde Andrejko, Assistant to the Director
Ann E. Zanzig, Facilitator, Office of Quality Improvement
Institutional Integrity
I. Executive Summary
In addressing the overall question of “what does it mean to be a great public university
in a changing world? our team was charged with considering issues of “institutional
integrity,” or how UW–Madison could ensure that it operates as “a responsible and
sustainable public institution.”
As we discussed the issues surrounding institutional integrity, we challenged ourselves to
engage with three related questions:
• What values drive UW–Madison faculty, staff, students, and stakeholders?
• What ethical responsibilities does UW–Madison bear in pursuit of these values?
• W
hat must UW–Madison do to sustain its ability to ethically pursue its values as a
great public research university?
The values we propose to reaffirm and rearticulate are:
• Academic freedom to question, learn, create, and teach
• Contribution to political, economic, and cultural progress
• Stewardship of environmental, intellectual, and cultural resources
• Diversity with regard to goals, backgrounds, and beliefs
• Access to the university without regard to wealth, background, or belief
UW–Madison faculty, staff, and students have developed structures designed to institutionalize a way of acting ethically and with integrity in realizing the university’s values
and responsibilities. The ethical responsibilities that accompany these values—beginning with our responsibility within the university to one another and extending outward
to our community, our state, and to the global community—are to:
• K
eep our promises: integrate our values, words, and actions and keep our promises as articulated in our values.
• S
peak the truth: practice truth-telling in conduct of research, teaching, and service; leadership is needed to build trust with the people of the state.
• Avoid harm: provide a safe and welcoming community for all.
• Repair harm when it is done: acknowledge and amend mistakes.
• Practice justice: be and be perceived to be fair.
These values and ethical responsibilities point to a vision of four different types of sustainability, each of which we believe will be crucial to the ethical pursuit of our values in
the twenty-first century:
• S
ustaining our environment: responsible resource use and land stewardship; creating a campus culture of stewardship through teaching, research, and engagement.
• S
ustaining our relationships: keeping the public’s trust, attention, and support
through increased engagement, communication, and leadership; reinvigorating
the Wisconsin Idea.
• S
ustaining our excellence: effective, inclusive, and democratic governance;
enabling more effective leadership and bolstering or modifying reward structures
to support our values.
• S
ustaining our funding: keeping the institution financially strong and agile; negotiating a new partnership with the state that will support undergraduate education, keep us competitive, and facilitate planning.
In order to achieve these sustainability goals, we propose reimagining UW–Madison as a
public purpose university—a hybrid form that is able to thrive in a new global environment
of knowledge production under conditions of declining state support, but which is still
willing and able to defend those ideals of social justice, academic freedom, and public
accountability that have been the hallmarks of this great public research university.
133
134
Institutional Integrity
II. Introduction and Background
Criterion 3c
Criterion 5d
The University of Wisconsin–Madison has been known as a great public research university for as long as the term has existed. Not only does excellence in research pervade
all of the university’s activities, but classes are taught by people actively engaged in the
creation of new knowledge, and the public is served by experts eager to apply their
discoveries to social and economic problems.
Over its long history, the university has faced many challenges. It has survived two world
wars and a great depression. It has flourished during periods of student apathy toward
politics and during periods of protest and activism. It has enjoyed periods of financial
prosperity and it has weathered periods of deprivation. Through all of this, it has been
committed to its core values of research, teaching, and public service.
Criterion 1a
The university has excelled by adapting to the changing environment in which it has
found itself. It is not an easy feat, because adaptation always involves predicting the
future and taking chances. But by remaining true to its primary mission, “to create,
integrate, transfer, and apply knowledge,”1 the university has flourished even as it has
adapted to new circumstances.
Today presents just such a moment of change in which UW–Madison must reconsider
and rearticulate its core values, its avowed responsibilities, and its potential for sustainability. Our university and our state both face a changing landscape—political, economic, technological, environmental, and cultural. This report, developed by faculty,
staff, and students, with input from within and beyond the campus community, looks
both backward and forward, not only to reaffirm the long-standing values and responsibilities of our flagship state research university, but also to boldly sustain them through
uncertain times.
In addressing the overall question of “what does it mean to be a great public research
university in a changing world?” our team was charged with considering issues of “institutional integrity,” or how UW–Madison could ensure that it operates as “a responsible
and sustainable public institution.”
Overview
To address this question, we developed a core group of nine and an advisory group of
fifteen. These groups were made up of faculty, staff, and students, as well as community
members. The core group began the process of grappling with the issues and outlined
main themes. As themes and ideas developed, we convened the advisory group in order
to widen the input. We took advantage of existing documents ideas within our charge,
engaged in conversation with members of the Wisconsin Alumni Association Board, and
examined the thousands of responses to the Web-based survey of campus and community members. We drew on our individual experiences as members of community
groups, governance groups such as department chairs, and committees across campus.
In addition we listened carefully to the groups assembled specifically by the leaders of
the accreditation effort.
Through this process we carefully considered questions of values, ethics, and sustainability. The result is a vision for transforming UW–Madison from a “public research university” into a “public purpose university”—emerging from this moment of challenge
with a restructured financial and governance relationship to the legislature, but still
focused on and committed to our mission and to the people of the state of Wisconsin.
A. Values
The first question with which our team grappled was: What values drive UW–Madison
faculty, staff, students, and stakeholders?
Overview
Criterion 5a
Although the phrase “Wisconsin Idea” dates from a 1912 book by Wisconsin State
Legislative Librarian Charles McCarthy,2 the notion that the University of Wisconsin must
sustain a mutually productive relationship with all the people of its state has been present
since the university’s founding, and continues to be reinterpreted and reinforced today.
While the model of engagement to which it gave birth is now seen as commonplace, at
Institutional Integrity
135
the time it was regarded as a true innovation guided by the needs of the adult citizens
of the state. In considering our university’s institutional integrity and sustainability, it is
important to hear the words of Theodore Roosevelt in the introduction to McCarthy’s
book: “In Wisconsin there has been a successful effort to redeem the promises by performances, and to reduce theories into practice.” As one historian of the Wisconsin Idea
has said, it is “the idealistic and humane concern that knowledge could and should have
practical impact on the needs, problems, and aspirations of the people.”3,4
In this document we have assembled a core set of values which we feel exemplify the
ongoing relevance of the Wisconsin Idea today and call us to a reinvigoration of its
guiding principles.
1. Academic freedom to question, learn, create, and teach
The tablet before Wisconsin’s Bascom Hall calls us to the “fearless sifting and winnowing
by which alone the truth can be found,” and it is, we argue, our core value—the one from
which all others follow. As both an educational and a research institution, UW–Madison
values the production of knowledge in all its forms; however, it also recognizes that the
most useful and reliable knowledge is that which is always itself subject to further question. Thus we value, support, and strive for excellence in the entire chain of knowledge
production: both theoretical formulation and empirical research; both external publication and classroom teaching; both technological innovation and artistic imagination.
However, it is not only faculty and staff who must assert the value of intellectual freedom
in their research, teaching, and writing. Students must assert their freedom to enact
their own educational plans and take responsibility for wrestling with the content of
their courses. And stakeholders from across the state—whether corporate, civic, or citizen—must enact their freedom to challenge and educate the university with their own
stories, needs and ideas. Maintaining an environment where such rational discussion,
debate, and discovery can be sustained requires a commitment to peer review of knowledge, democratic self-governance, and civil communication.
Overview
Criterion 1a-b
“I really value the liberal spirit of
UW–Madison. UW–Madison students
were one of the strongest opponents
of the Vietnam War. We, UW–Madison students, are not afraid to voice
our opinion when we see something
wrong.”
UW–Madison student
2. Contribution to political, economic, and cultural progress
As UW President Charles Van Hise put it in 1904, “the beneficent influence of the
University” must reach “every home in the state.” But today, through the knowledgeproduction activities of UW–Madison faculty, staff, and students, that beneficent influence can take many forms. Our goal is that both students and their families value the
combined broad liberal education and specific professional training that a UW–Madison
undergraduate education offers, with its promise to start a young adult—or even a
mature one—on a lifetime of personal and economic well-being. Around the state, we
hope that local communities of all sizes value the UW–Madison contribution to general
economic growth and informed political debate—both crucial in a political economy
that is increasingly technological and globalized. And we need to ensure that crosscutting social communities of all sorts—whether based on shared ethnic heritage or
shared political vision—value the university’s commitment to understand and support
the diverse cultural histories and achievements of our state’s residents, old and new.
Criterion 1c
Our relationships with all of these stakeholders cannot be taken for granted. Just as we
need the people of our state to value our contributions to their well-being, so do we
need to value their comments, contributions, and critiques of our performance.
3. Stewardship of environmental, intellectual, and cultural resources
It is often said that the modern environmental movement started in Wisconsin, with
UW–Madison faculty, students, and alumni such as Aldo Leopold, John Muir, and
Gaylord Nelson. The “land ethic” that was first articulated in Wisconsin reminds us that
progress can carry costs—and informed debate about this is increasingly critical in a
world subject to both intensified resource use and global climate change. We value
not only the stewardship of our natural environment, however; intellectual and cultural
resources, whether material archives or indigenous languages, must also be cared for in
a world of rapid social change. As an institution, UW–Madison values the ability (and the
Criterion 2a
136
Institutional Integrity
responsibility) to carefully consider the ecological, intellectual, and cultural capital that
must be left to future generations of Wisconsin residents in order to sustain progress
over the long term.
This value points to the fact that stewardship on behalf of the state of Wisconsin carries
implications far beyond the boundaries of the state. Questions of environmental sustainability and cultural survival are global in nature; thus, our research, teaching, and
service related to these issues must transcend the boundaries of the state (and the
nation) as well.
Criterion 1a-b
Criterion 2a
4. Diversity with regard to goals, backgrounds, and beliefs
More than two decades ago, the university initiated its diversity efforts: the 1988 Madison
Plan, the UW System Design for Diversity, and the 1993 Madison Commitment, followed by the UW System-wide production of Plan 2008—”a broad and aggressive plan
for what we need to do to make institutional improvements necessary to achieve greater
diversity on campus” in the new millennium. Simultaneous with this commitment to
diversity was a recognition of the importance of interdisciplinary knowledge production, which would bring that same diversity of our faculty, staff, and students to bear on
the crucial research problems of the day. The recent and well-deserved attention to such
issues can obscure the fact that our state has always been home to a diverse array of
cultures and constituencies. Today economic pressures and technological infrastructures
make it easier for Wisconsin residents to be exposed to ideas, projects, and communities
different from their own—often reaching farther and faster across the globe than ever
before. But we must remember that Wisconsin residents themselves, and the interests
they hold, are also diversifying in new and exciting ways.
UW–Madison values its role as an intellectual meeting ground at this global crossroads,
both for the individual faculty, staff, students, and stakeholders who inevitably bring
their diverse life experiences of location, language, gender, sexuality, religion, and ethnicity to bear on their participation in the campus community, and for the diverse range
of ideas and projects themselves that these same faculty, staff, students, and stakeholders “sift and winnow” through every day. The university’s twin goals of progress
and stewardship through knowledge production depend on both encouraging the constant challenge of diverse viewpoints and enabling the common consensus between
diverse individuals.
5. Access to the university without regard to wealth, background, or belief
Criterion 1a-b
Finally, UW–Madison recognizes the fact that diversity without equity is an empty
promise. Whether through hiring practices for faculty and staff, or admissions practices
for students of all sorts, the university values its role as an institution with not only high
Institutional Integrity
137
standards, but wide access. Historically, when many other universities would not admit
Jewish students, the University of Wisconsin did so, demonstrating an early commitment
to access regardless of wealth, background, or belief. Upholding this value means recognizing the diversity of social conditions—economic, geographic, educational, and cultural—that discourage or even prevent participation by some while enabling and even
encouraging participation by others. Claims that UW–Madison contributes to progress
and stewardship within Wisconsin are hollow without the assurance of representation
and participation for a range of Wisconsin residents as questioners, learners, creators,
and teachers.
But mere presence is not enough. All parts of the university community must be allowed
to feel that this is where they belong: where they are safe, where they can disagree or
dissent, and where their contributions are honored. If we value diversity and access,
faculty and staff at UW–Madison must continually demonstrate respect for each other
and all students and stakeholders.
B. Ethical Responsibilities
Given these core values, the second question the team addressed was: What ethical
responsibilities does UW–Madison bear in pursuit of these values?
Although we believe that the values which today follow from the Wisconsin Idea are
widely shared by most UW–Madison faculty, staff, students, and stakeholders, enacting
such values in daily practice is never easy. Indeed, we discovered in the course of our
investigations that many people who joined our community in the recent past did not
know the historical importance and uniqueness of the Wisconsin Idea or the Sifting and
Winnowing commitment, and thus were less likely to embrace them wholeheartedly. We
must be much more intentional in communicating these foundational values.
Criterion 1c-e
“Ethical decision-making has become
an increasingly important issue in
every field and an increasingly gray
area. Students need to be at least
exposed to the bases of ethics in
whatever their field may be.”
U.S. alumnus
Conflicts over the best way to achieve our values, especially in an institutional environment of diverse participants, multifaceted goals, and material constraints of time, space,
and funds, are inevitable. UW–Madison faculty, staff, and students have developed a
myriad of structures designed to create ethical norms and institutionalize ways of acting
ethically and with integrity in realizing the university’s values and responsibilities. But
these structures often seem to split our university community along lines of discipline
and authority, tied as they are to a diversity of professions, jobs, and roles that faculty,
staff, and students must hold. And however well-constructed and understood they may
be, our ethical responsibilities seem to be made visible outside of the walls of the university only when we are shown to fall short of them. This section explores and summarizes
our most fundamental ethical guidelines, and suggests some ways in which these ethics
might be more fully and intentionally enacted and adapted, and better communicated
as both the university and the state move forward together into the future.
1. Keep our promises
Criterion 1e
For UW–Madison to have integrity requires that the university does what it says: it must
integrate its values, words, and actions. We must keep our promises as articulated in our
values. We must not only invest our rhetoric, but also our reality, in facilitating access to
a quality university education; in creating a workplace that honors diversity among our
faculty, staff, and students in all the richness that term implies; in engaging the people
of the state; in being accountable for our resources and our actions.
2. Speak truth
UW–Madison and the members of its community must tell the truth, not only in the
conduct of our research and in the exercise of teaching, but in our communications with
each other and the people of the state. While state and federal laws and countervailing
values of privacy and fairness may preclude complete transparency, being accountable
means revealing any conflicts of interest; exposing our mistakes and accepting responsibility for them; examining our lapses with honesty while planning ways to remedy them;
and communicating quickly and clearly with our constituencies. It is at this juncture that
leadership is most required, for we earn the trust of the people of the state through
Criterion 4d
138
Institutional Integrity
honest and open dialogue, even when we feel we must articulate and defend a position
that is likely to draw public opposition.
Criterion 4d
“UW–Madison must be the advocate
and teacher of this process ... A safe
place to examine all the facts and
think ‘outside’ the box as necessary to
discover just what is correct and solve
any issue. In a world that increasingly seems to rely on rationalization
instead of reason, a great public university will protect us all by being the
place where we can discover truth.”
UW–Madison student
3. Avoid harm
Leadership is also required to build and maintain the structures and processes of accountability. A large, complex community like UW–Madison, more populous and diverse
than most cities in Wisconsin, is bound to suffer instances in which the behavior of one
member harms others, whether intentionally or not. We are aware, in addition, that
the often highly structured distinctions among faculty, academic staff, classified staff,
graduate students, and undergraduate students can appear to sanction behavior that
creates a harmful work or class environment for some members of the UW–Madison
community and damages the whole community. Finding ways to reduce harmful distinctions while preserving essential roles and supporting diversity provides a challenge
to existing personnel and governance structures. Students have strongly expressed their
desire for a safe environment—physically, intellectually, and emotionally. They too, have
an obligation to learn—hopefully from the models we set—their own place as citizens
who respect one another.
In engaging our communities in the state, we have a number of safeguards for the
protection of research participants, but fewer safeguards for protection of participants
in community engagement or service activities. Recent initiatives to improve service
learning address some of these gaps. And if we truly value the stewardship of our land
and the many cultures that inhabit it, we need to consider safeguards against the loss
of irreplaceable environmental and cultural resources. We believe that we must be
reflective and have an institutionalized process for querying ourselves about our own
integrity, that we must hold ourselves accountable if we fail in upholding this principle.
Federal agencies support our efforts to follow ethical principles in funded research; we
must find ways to ensure accountability in other areas of our work, such as teaching and
community engagement.
4. Repair harm when it is done
Criterion 2c
Accountability—at every level of the university community from student to chancellor
and regent—includes acknowledging when we have done harm and providing reparations when appropriate. Reparations may mean identifying the causes of our failures
and then creating new structures to prevent further harm and to rebuild trust. Again,
we are aware that pressures to deny responsibility for a wrong done can be extremely
high, especially when reparations may be costly and there may be gradations of responsibility for the harm done, but we believe that the trust built through openness and
communication—as well as adherence to our ethical principles—should mitigate our
fears of owning our mistakes.
5. Practice justice
Criterion 1e
Criterion 4d
The treatment of colleagues both within and without the university and the provision of
a system of accountability go to the ethical principle of justice. While justice is a concept
that requires tomes to explicate, we here refer to fairness, to equity. UW–Madison must
be, and be perceived to be, fair, to treat its members with equity and without fear or favor
in matters large and small. Challenges to fairness no doubt occur in such instances as
the lack of domestic partner benefits. They are certainly perceived by the general public
when an athlete appears to get less or more punishment for an out-of-class infringement
than a nonathlete would, or when a woman junior faculty member is mentored with less
attention than her male colleague. Equitable access to both university resources and to
university procedures of review, redress, and grievance is critical if we are to maintain the
trust and enthusiasm of a diverse university population within a diverse state and nation.
While a number of procedures for achieving equity or redressing injustices exist within
the university’s governance structures, they are often onerous and protracted, limited by
outside forces or slowed by inertia; ways should be sought to improve these processes.
Institutional Integrity
139
III. VISION
The broad values of our university and the ethical responsibilities required to pursue
them are indeed shared by many public research universities. But at Wisconsin they have
both a particular history and a specific future:
• W
e are guests on the land of the Ho-Chunk people who lived here before it was “granted” to the university and we recognize that relationship requires our attention.
• O
ur history is tied explicitly through seminal documents to the Wisconsin Idea
and to academic freedom as articulated in the “sifting and winnowing” statement. We have been leaders and models in both community engagement and
intellectual freedom since the Progressive Era.
• O
ur state’s economy is still undergoing a long transition from manufacturing to
services, and faces particular challenges in creating a new technological, skill, and
knowledge infrastructure for successful global competition.
• F ederal grant support focuses attention to the priorities of external funders and
thereby runs the danger of reducing the faculty and staff available to more intentionally carry out our commitment to the activities that make up the enactment
of the Wisconsin Idea within the state.
• O
ur state and our nation are becoming more diverse; newer immigrants look and
sound different from the earlier northern and eastern Europeans.
• Increasing costs for highways and corrections compete with health care, human
services, and education.
• O
ur environment is feeling both the effects of rapid and poorly planned urban
development and the consequences of intensive agricultural production.
• W
ith growing complexity in both the university and state government—and the
competition for available dollars to keep up with increasing costs and expectations—controls on university operations have become more confining, making it
more difficult to quickly respond to our next issue or challenge.
• A
nd as a “battleground state” in national elections, our politicians are split not
only in their views on all these issues, but also in their views on the role that UW–
Madison should play in helping to address those issues.
We need a new sustainable model if we are to successfully strive to enact our values
as a great public research university in an environment of decreasing state funding and
increasing state challenges to our operations. If we are to responsibly pursue our values,
if we are to continue to achieve excellence, neither reduced state support nor constraining state regulation seems sustainable. In order to thrive and to engage with and
for the people of the state on important issues, the University of Wisconsin–Madison
needs to become more sustainable in four crucial areas.
“UW–Madison must take the lead
in environmental issues: make all
buildings LEED compliant, invest in
on-campus renewable energy, recycle,
compost, maintain its left-of-center
attitude teaching sustainability.”
UW–Madison student
A. Sustaining Our Environment: Responsible Resource Use and
Land Stewardship
The state of Wisconsin has been the home to some of the greatest naturalists in our
nation’s history. It is only logical that the UW–Madison, where many of these great
environmentalists worked while students or scholars, should choose to operate in a sustainable way that nurtures and preserves the values of those great founders of the environmental movement—and that respect the sacredness of the lake area to First Nations
people. We want to conduct our business of research, teaching, and engagement in an
environmentally sustainable way that transforms the university—from its energy use to
its curriculum—from an “ivory tower” into a “green ivy tower.”
In our 2005 Campus Master Plan, we named sustainability as first in a list of major components of a successful university, and that plan, now being implemented, embodies sustainability with its choice of land-use values, type of construction, and facilities design so
Criterion 2
140
Institutional Integrity
Criterion 2d
as to reach that “Goal #1: Protect, enhance and celebrate our lakeside setting. Develop
sustainability guidelines using ‘green’ building materials and techniques. Reduce our
impact on the land and better manage energy use.”
Our first evaluation of the impact of measures already taken reveals significant impacts
in cost savings and reduced carbon emissions of adopting more sustainable practices.
We need further analysis of the impacts of more sustainable practices on our energy use,
land use, transportation, food services, buildings, recycling, and waste management. In
addition, we need a comprehensive assessment of the extent to which we incorporate
principles of sustainability in our courses and whether there should be a general education requirement related to sustainability.
To accomplish that goal we propose the following initiatives:
Criterion 4b-c
Criterion 3c
1. Curriculum and research. Teach in class and by example sustainable environmental
stewardship that is technologically and ethically sound that students can carry with
them to any other community in the future; focus the intellectual power of the entire
university community on solving sustainability needs; and communicate the results.
Sustainability is already incorporated into the curriculum in programs from engineering
to environmental studies. The Nelson Institute for Environmental Studies has produced a
useful Web site that outlines efforts around campus, from A to Z. This extensive catalog
shows how disjointed campus efforts are and how often sustainability is pigeonholed
into specific classes and groups. Rather, we suggest individual units act in a manner that
appreciates that sustainable practice requires a more holistic, interdisciplinary approach
with global implications for both research and teaching. It’s not a system that curriculum
and research needs to pay attention to, but the ecology of systems that counts, with
additional focus on environmental, social justice, and economic justice issues.
We propose that the provost lead such a campuswide effort through a focused year of
discussions, lectures, visiting fellows, and other university outreach efforts to develop
and explain the university’s sustainability goals. The provost should in addition make
available monies to encourage, develop, and institutionalize interdisciplinary learning
opportunities for students, staff, and faculty focused on sustainability.
2. Administration and operations. Conduct everyday business in ways that demonstrate an ethical commitment to sustainable practices. Include a thorough analysis of the
strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats that would accompany the adoption
of more intensive sustainability initiatives. Review and adopt best use of local resources,
including transportation, foodstuff, waste management, and fuel.
Criterion 1e
Criterion 2d
Criterion 4d
We propose a university sustainability coordinator, a sustainability outreach coordinator,
and other “green” officials involved with procurement, housing and dining, energy,
environmental management services (EMS), and building and natural areas, among
others. The work of these will be aided by sustainability advisory committees on topics
including transportation, facilities, EMS, student life, curriculum, energy creation and
use, recycling (from coal ash to medical equipment), building construction, construction
waste management, surplus, and vendor relations. With the guidance of these groups,
and working together with all shared governance groups, the university will create a
master plan for sustaining our built as well as our natural environment.
3. Campus culture. Engage all UW–Madison faculty, staff, and students, as well as the
communities with which we share our governance and our state, in efforts to solve
sustainability needs and to communicate both the problems and the solutions to those
beyond our boundaries.
Achieving the goals will require the attention of the entire university community to such
mundane things as how we get rid of pests, how we pick up and recycle after football
games, how we serve and consume our beverages, and how long we let trucks idle at
work sites. We propose expanding and promoting the Nelson Institute Web site as a
model for a clearinghouse on sustainability initiatives, including a bimonthly electronic
newsletter and workshops for faculty, staff, and students.
4. Community service and engagement. Be an example of sustainability for other government agencies, businesses, organizations, tribes, communities. Learn from our sister
University of Wisconsin institutions their best practices. Engage with all these communi-
Institutional Integrity
ties to learn best practices they have discovered
and aid in their dissemination.
The university needs to explain its sustainable
efforts both internally and externally. With the
backdrop of the Wisconsin Idea, the university
should begin a “Climate Academy” to coordinate, promote, and support educational presentations on campus, including a yearly conference
open to all that celebrates the university and
community effort to converge private, public,
and social sectors to create a sustainable social
and environmental benefit.
Criterion 5
B. Sustaining Our Relationships:
Keeping the Public’s Trust,
Attention, and Support
In order to embody our historic values and our
ethical concerns, the university must be able to gain and keep the public’s trust, attention, and support. In order to gain the public’s trust, we must behave with integrity,
honor our commitments, and have structures in place that will support, encourage, or
enforce the behaviors we espouse. Creating the structures that will support our values
and ethical principles will not be easy; nevertheless, the process to create such a system
of support may prove to be as important as the product.
Criterion 5a
It is time to have a “grand conversation,” with as many of our constituencies as possible,
about ethics and values and the structures that are needed to support them. Each of our
governance bodies should address the roles we play and how we play them.
We need visible leadership, leadership not only from higher administration and the
deans’ level—although most certainly from them—but from all members of the community. We need to invest in learning to communicate both our challenges and our
successes. We must communicate in ways that resonate, being proactive and respectful
in explaining our values even when we ultimately must agree to disagree with our audiences. Often we are tempted to communicate less when we perceive a possible conflict.
We must resist that temptation and communicate more at points of misunderstanding.
Leaders must find ways to tell our stories that will deepen the communities’ understanding of the university.
We are obliged to begin a public conversation to redesign the relationship between the
state and the university in order that the new relationship be intentional, not determined
by the vagaries of the political process. That public conversation must not, however, be
confined to a few meetings with invited guests. Rather the university should engage the
state’s citizens in an ongoing dialog beginning immediately and continuing through the
2012 centennial of the Wisconsin Idea, through projects undertaken in state communities, and perhaps through a statewide conference open to all who wish to attend. We
should ask: What would be the shape of a new relationship? How can we sustain the core
values of mutual engagement underlying the Wisconsin Idea in that new relationship?
With alternate funding or governance models, how can we assure—or reassure—the
tradition of access? These are just some of the questions that require public discussion.
C. Sustaining Our Excellence: Effective, Inclusive,
and Democratic Governance
Although the law establishing the University of Wisconsin System outlined the basics of
shared governance, through which the roles of the members of the community in relation to each are defined, a growing number of community members feel these guidelines need clarification in order to facilitate reaching our ethical goals. We hear concerns
about faculty members, for example, who rely on Faculty Policies and Procedures to
describe a “letter” by which they must abide, but who fail to embrace the “spirit” of
the document and to behave responsibly in areas that are not precisely defined: who
Criterion 1d
141
142
Institutional Integrity
may exclude academic staff from governance; who treat classified staff members badly
without consequence, but terminate a classified staff member for behaving disrespectfully toward a faculty member; or who take advantage of their power differential in
relationships of one kind or another with graduate students. It is important that we
discover where our processes and structures are not aligned with our desired outcomes
and design accountability structures or processes to establish and maintain standards
of behavior in a way that will help us to create a climate in which all members of the
university community can reach their potential.
We need to consider vesting our department chairs with sufficient authority and providing them with enough training to encourage or enforce our shared ethical values.
In addition, given short-term appointments, department chairs may never learn their
role—or may hesitate to exercise what authority they have—as the role rotates through
the faculty, thus creating a vacuum in leadership in one of the hardest jobs on campus.
These issues of training, authority, and short terms are complicated by the fact that
departments in many sectors of the campus are being transcended by centers and
institutes, which change the locus of control. We should build on the work of WISELI
(Women in Science & Engineering Leadership Institute) for search committee training
as well as the initiatives of Laurie Beth Clark, former vice provost for faculty and staff,
and her colleagues, and Maury Cotter in the Office of Quality Improvement, to develop
mandatory training for department chairs, including appropriate compensation for their
time if held outside the normal nine-month faculty contract period.
Criterion 4c
Criterion 2c
Criterion 3a,c
Criterion 5c
In addition, our reward structures should be reconceived so that faculty—particularly
junior faculty—are no longer actively discouraged from the kind of community engagement in support of the Wisconsin Idea which we espouse as a central value of the university and in which we must be effective partners. Currently, by the time tenure is
achieved, faculty members have their gaze firmly fixed on particular kinds of research
or perhaps teaching, but few are focused on enlarging their engagement with the community. While we demonstrate our values by investing in our junior faculty and do not
pit one against another for a finite set of tenured positions, we inhibit their engagement
in our service ethic by devaluing it. We need to broaden our definition of excellence in
research and teaching to include community-based research in which the learners may
not be in the classroom, or the classroom may not be in the university per se. We need
a system that articulates community engagement in the Wisconsin Idea as a basic value
and expectation of being a member of the UW–Madison community and encourages
faculty to make names for themselves not only as researchers or teachers, but also as
“social entrepreneurs” or “public intellectuals.”
If we sustain our environment, enhance and reinvigorate our engagement with the
state, rebuild trust, and enhance our governance to support our values more strongly,
we will have gone a long way toward sustaining UW–Madison as a great university.
However, to sustain UW–Madison financially and to provide the flexibility it needs in an
increasingly competitive environment, we must also consider new models of funding
and governance.
D. Sustaining Our Funding: Keeping the Institution Financially
Strong and Agile
Criterion 2b,d
As a result of a slowing economy and a lack of substantial economic and population
growth, the state annually deals with fiscal challenges. And this is not a new phenomenon. Legislators have long faced tough funding choices for health care, corrections,
state infrastructures, K–12 education, and the University of Wisconsin. With funding
either cut or flat, the university has suffered from, at best, a lack of certainty at biennial
budget times. This uncertainty has created a funding crisis.
Regardless of the data used to measure the impact of several decades of slow fiscal
growth, funding for UW–Madison and K–12 school districts has not kept up with
increasing costs. It is difficult for observers to recognize a single crisis point in the decline
of “real buying power” in state funding. Some of the cuts to overall funding occur as a
result of inflation and are not cuts to total dollars, making the reality of the impact even
Institutional Integrity
more difficult for the public to understand. This lack of understanding is also the result
of the university’s past ability to adapt to cuts in ways that have minimized the impact
on undergraduate instruction. There is also a lack of understanding of the distinction
between capital building projects or research, where the university has the capacity
to raise federal and private funds designated for specific purposes, and the operating
budget that funds education programs. Thus, it seems to both legislative leaders and the
public that the university can be cut with impunity since there are so many publicized
discoveries and so much visible construction on campus.
What is not obvious to the public is that reduced support today damages the university over the longer term in ways that may take a generation or more to undo, even if
funding sufficient to account for inflation and provide for needed program growth is
restored—an unlikely probability given the trend data over the past several years and
the current economic forecast. When classes are cut; when library collections fail to keep
abreast of current literature; when distinguished faculty depart with their grants, their
top graduate students, and their capacity for educating Wisconsin undergraduates to
go to a better-funded university; when faculty members are not replaced due to lack of
funds—the full effects are felt only over the long term.
UW–Madison finds itself in a more complex and competitive higher education sector
than thirty years ago. Starting salaries for faculty and academic staff are set by a national
market, but annual raises are set by a local market. Thus, on occasion over the past
twenty-five years, the state has been persuaded to allocate “catch-up” salary increases.
Even so, every year some of our best faculty and staff are lured away by significant salary
increases or availability of domestic partner benefits. We in turn try to lure senior faculty
to replace them, but often must pay junior faculty higher salaries than those established
and productive faculty members who have not sought to leave. This creates salary compression within departments that encourages more outside offers and lowers morale. To
make matters more difficult, state rules and labor contracts make it difficulty to compete
even in the local market for professional and blue-collar classified staff.
An outstanding faculty and staff is the foundation of an outstanding university. The
faculty is affected not only by low salaries, but also by the loss of the best graduate
applicants to universities that are able to provide more attractive funding. This is a continual downward cycle. When the loss of distinguished faculty and promising graduate
students is combined with an annual loss of real dollars, it reduces the attractiveness of
the university to prospective—and current—faculty members and graduate students
and potentially reduces the quality of undergraduate teaching. Once Wisconsin loses its
143
144
Institutional Integrity
esteemed place among public research universities, it will take generations to regain it,
if it ever does.
Overview
In addition, although UW–Madison has become quite successful in attracting external
funding for capital projects, there is a problem in that even if the project is entirely
funded externally, the Department of Administration and the Legislature have created
procedures and management processes that significantly increase costs and therefore
decrease the scope of what can be accomplished. Processes that are designed to achieve
economies of scale for state agencies often fail to recognize the distinctive needs of
UW–Madison, which requires flexibility, rapid response, and the ability to apply best
practices and current technology in the realms of human resources, information technology, and procurement in order to function efficiently and effectively and to compete
globally. The processes can also negatively impact donors who object to the lack of flexibility and the fees which reduce the overall impact of their generous gifts.
All of these situations have strained UW–Madison’s partnership with the state and at
times with the people of the state. It has left both ends of State Street unsatisfied with
the status quo and unable to do meaningful long-term planning. Amelioration of the
state’s economic woes may well rest with UW–Madison, but it is hard to create economic growth without stable financial and political support. The partnership is further
strained during each biennial budget cycle and what now has become a regular occurrence, the midbudget adjustment. Redefining the partnership with each budget cycle—
and sometimes in between—has harmed the relationship and made it difficult for the
university to plan and respond to a rapidly changing world.
Criterion 2b
Just as it is time to reinvigorate the Wisconsin Idea, it is also time to redefine and reinvigorate the financial and governance partnership between UW–Madison and the state.
It is time to reconfirm the historic commitment to provide stable state support for higher
education. UW–Madison also needs to make a commitment to this partnership by continually demonstrating that it is a good steward of the funds it receives and responsive to
the citizens of the state who provide those funds. UW–Madison’s sustainability depends
on its ability to thoughtfully use resources and maximize the value received for the
investment made by the state.
A new partnership with the state that includes a new model of governance needs to
emerge. This new partnership, if done correctly, can strengthen the relationship with
the state and its citizens, stabilize funding, and release UW–Madison to act quickly to
changing conditions and challenges. We must plan strategically to sustain this great university while there are still some degrees of freedom. We should not wait until the losses
are substantial enough to forever change the nature of the university and its accessibility
to Wisconsin students, its relationship to the people, and its ability to help solve the
challenges of the state.
Institutional Integrity
145
IV. Ideas for Moving Forward our Vision
In order to achieve these goals of sustaining our environment, our relationships, our
excellence, and our funding, we propose reimagining UW–Madison as a “public purpose
university”—a hybrid form which is able to thrive in a new global environment of knowledge production under conditions of increased competition for resources, committed
to enacting and defending the ideals of social justice, academic freedom, and public
accountability.
In the recent book The True Genius of America at Risk,5 Katharine Lyall and Kathleen Sell
defined this idea of a public purpose university based on mission, as distinguished from
the current model of a public university based on ownership and regulation. Briefly, a
public purpose university must:
• c ompete in a market that includes private universities, proprietary institutions,
and online academies;
• stand for social justice by maintaining a broad commitment to access;
• b
e bold in applying the university’s intellectual resources to social and scientific problems, but cautious about promising sweeping solutions to immediate
­problems;
• b
e fierce defenders of academic freedom, and the freedom of faculty and students to speak and act on controversial issues;
“I believe the intellectual environment
and spirit of innovation is very active
and lively in UW-Madison. It presents
immense opportunities for self-exploration and cooperation with likeminded students and faculty. Being
passionate and creative in handling
the many challenges and opportunities that lay in the world is something
very evident throughout campus
and that positive spirit is something I
hope to carry forward.”
UW–Madison student
• w
ork with elected officials to stabilize public investment in the core instructional
mission at sustainable levels in exchange for specific, accountable outcomes and
services;
• h
ave a governing board that approximates the representation of its major investors: taxpayers, students, research contractors, alumni, and donors;
• h
ave some form of quasi-public status that remains accountable to its stakeholders for appropriate outcomes.
Our team found these imperatives to be quite consistent with the core values and ethical
responsibilities of UW–Madison as detailed above. Thus we believe the public purpose
university offers a way to effectively address our questions of long-term sustainability,
including the key question of economic sustainability.
Thus, most likely, a combination of strategies would need to be developed for this new
partnership to work. For example, an agreement might be reached with the state that
combines a block grant of tax dollars with a tuition increase and a specified increase in
the endowment for financial aid. In this way, we might restructure UW–Madison as a
“public benefit corporation.” But however it is assembled, a diversity of funding sources
means that there is a concomitant diversity of constituencies to which the university is
answerable: the students and their parents, who pay tuition; the governor and legislature, even though the portion of the budget supported by state tax dollars is declining;
the external funding agencies that have their own agendas; the major donors who
expect the university to be reflective of their values; and the general public, who both
pay the taxes and have a sense of ownership in the educational enterprise. There is an
internal public, too—the students, faculty, and staff—without which a self-governing
academic institution cannot maintain excellence. It is safe to say that the current system
of university governance—from the board of regents down to the academic departments—does not reflect the reality of the changing financial pressures on UW–Madison.
Governance should be rethought.
Such changes cannot happen overnight. But there are already models in Wisconsin that
incorporate the ideas of the public purpose university. The UW Hospital and Clinics were
moved out of the university’s (and state’s) budget and regulatory domain and made an
independent public authority at a time when the state’s “equity interest” in the hospital
was below 5 percent. The move was driven by the hospital’s need to stay financially
viable in the rapidly changing, entrepreneurial environment of health care delivery so
that it could continue to treat patients and educate medical students.
Criterion 1a-c
Criterion 1d
Overview
146
Institutional Integrity
Bolder models are found in other states. At the University of Virginia, for example, the law
and business schools are now “tubs on their own bottoms” without taxpayer support,
and taxed-back by the university to support core costs (such as libraries, general education, and overhead ). The entire public university system has evolved into a “charter
model” that makes each institution responsible for certain public service outcomes and
frees it to operate more independently and competitively. Other universities are considering calling for similar steps.
In one way or another, a sound public-regarding solution must fashion UW–Madison into
a public purpose university that continues to be based on service to the public good. The
university’s long adherence to the Wisconsin Idea and to its land-grant mission provides
a solid strategic base for this effort. Philosophical, educational, political, and practical
issues must be hammered out. It will be a challenge, but the preservation of a resource
that has been built over more than a century and a half impels us to succeed.
In sum, we recognize that many elements must be addressed if UW–Madison faculty,
staff, students, and stakeholders are to consider moving toward a public purpose university in a way that would sustainably preserve our core values and ethical responsibilities.
We hope to inspire questions and discussion on the following steps:
• E
xamine structural models in other states such as Virginia, Pennsylvania, and
Minnesota to explore both the state-assisted and constitutional models, which
would allow operating outside the rubric of state personnel and other systems;
• Identify realistic and reliable additional alternate sources of income for both the
operating and capital budgets;
• D
evelop a proactive and fully funded state and university financial-aid approach
that ties growth in financial aid to growth in tuition and overall need;
• E
stablish a favorable and separate bonding authority for the university or other
substantially increased, capital budget flexibility;
• G
radually phase out state authority over university personnel rules and capital
expenditures;
• E
nhance effective managerial and administrative capacity in the absence of state
regulation—including a change in business practices, with the accompanying
challenge to develop new information processing;
• Create a UW–Madison Board of Trustees;
• C
reate the appropriate legal umbrella of a newly constituted, public purpose
UW–Madison, such as a 501(c)(3) public benefit corporation; and clarification of
the place of UW–Madison within the UW System of higher education.
Institutional Integrity
V. ISSUES FOR FURTHER CONSIDERATION
We have argued that an interlocking set of core values, ethical responsibilities, and sustainability concerns point to the need for a redefinition of UW–Madison as a “public
purpose university.” We hope this report can open a wider conversation about these
issues, and we invite readers to respond to some critical questions that we have left
unanswered:
• A
ssuming the values that we have articulated are indeed desirable and widely
shared among the diverse constituents of the university, what are some visible
ways in which these values might better be embodied in our daily practice of
research, teaching, and community engagement, and what are we as a community willing to sacrifice to maintain them?
• H
ow might the concepts of teaching and research be broadened to embrace
community-based research that helps to enact the Wisconsin Idea?
• W
hat gaps exist in structures and processes that are currently in place to support
the ethical responsibilities that we have identified?
• H
ow can the obstacles to equity that seem inherent in our personnel systems be
mitigated?
• W
hat kinds of contradictions might exist between the various sustainability goals
that we have advocated—for example, when does sustaining economic growth
as an institution conflict with sustaining the health of the natural and social environment and the economic well-being of the state?
• W
hen does sustaining a fair and functional form of internal governance make
it more difficult to sustain the public trust? How should such conflicts be
addressed?
• H
ow can we make issues of ethics, engagement, and the environment part of the
everyday conversation and culture of the university community and ensure that
these values are also reflected in our research and teaching missions?
• H
ow can we keep track of our progress on issues as pervasive but personal as the
ethics and integrity of the university community? What reflective processes of
accountability can be implemented?
• W
hat are the first steps to be taken if we hope to move to the model of the public
purpose university outlined above?
We recognize that our task to articulate values and ethics within a framework of integrity
and sustainability does not lend itself to easy answers, but rather to tough questions. But
engaging those questions with seriousness of purpose and generosity of spirit is imperative to the future of the great University of Wisconsin–Madison.
To fail in sustaining our relationships, our excellence, our environment, or our funding
within the framework of our historic values and our ethical responsibilities is to decide to
relinquish our claim to being one of the world’s great public research universities.
If we succeed, our faculty, staff, students, and stakeholders will appreciate our ethical
practices and efforts to build a community of openness and trust. Every Wisconsin community will be aware of the university’s efforts to live in a more responsible and creative,
sustainable relationship not only with the soil and four lakes on which we sit, but with
our many state communities. They will understand that their future is intimately tied
with the future of the university—and they will have participated, through statewide
conversations, in shaping that future. UW–Madison will be perceived not only within the
state of Wisconsin, but across the country as once again modeling the Wisconsin Idea
that the borders of the university are the borders of the state—and beyond. And it will
hold claim to being one of the world’s greatest public-purpose research universities.
147
148
Institutional Integrity
Notes
1. David Ward, chancellor, 1993–2000, articulated this simplified form of a longer 1988 mission
statement found at www.wisc.edu/about/administration/mission.php.
2. Charles McCarthy, The Wisconsin Idea (New York, 1912),
www.library.wisc.edu/etext/WIReader/Contents/Idea.html
3. James W. Gooch, Transplanting Extension: A New Look at the Wisconsin Idea (Madison, WI: UW
Extension Printing Services, 1995), and
4. Daniel Schugurensky, History of Education: Selected Moments of the 20th Century. Available at
daniel_schugurens/assignment1/1907wisconsin.html
5. Katherine C. Lyall and Kathleen R. Sell, The True Genius of America at Risk: Are We Losing Our
Public Universities to De Facto Privatization? (Westport, Conn.: Praeger, 2005).
Building Community
149
Building a Welcoming, Respectful, and
Empowered UW–Madison Community
“Learning about diversity in lifestyle,
race, gender, orientations, and religion
is an important part of life at UW. But
as we learn that it’s okay to be different and that we should respect the differences of others, we also must learn
compassion and understanding based
on a moral code, especially in light of
recent events at Virginia Tech.”
UW–Madison student
150
Building Community
Co-Chairs
Teresa C. Balser, Associate Professor, Department of Soil Science
Sarah K.A. Pfatteicher, Assistant Dean, Undergraduate Programs and Services, College of
Agricultural and Life Sciences
Team Members
Thomas J.D. Armbrecht, Assistant Professor, Department of French and Italian
Lisa A. Beckstrand, Academic Planner, UW System Administration
Aaron Bird Bear, Student Services Coordinator, Student Affairs, College of Letters and Science
Alda Blanco, Professor, Department of Spanish and Portuguese
Michelle V. Bright, Assistant to Chair, Department of Sociology
Thomas F. Browne, Assistant Dean, College of Agricultural and Life Sciences
Angela M. Byars-Winston, Associate Scientist, Center for Women’s Health
Alexander H. Carrel, Undergraduate Student
William H. Clifton, Learning Communities Assessment and Program Development Specialist,
Office for Equity and Diversity
Tanya R.H. Cobb, Administrator, Laboratory of Molecular Biology/CMB Program
Mary Czynszak-Lyne, Office Administrator, Honors Program, College of Letters and Science
Stephanie L. Eastwood, Graduate Student, Insect Biodiversity Research Technician, Department
of Entomology
Sean T. Frazier, Associate Director, Intercollegiate Athletics
Gloria V. Hawkins, Assistant Dean, School of Medicine and Public Health
Frank F. Honts, Graduate Student, Department of Educational Policy Studies
Alicia L. Jackson, Special Assistant to the Dean, Office of the Dean of Students
Amy M. Karcher, Undergraduate Student, School of Social Work
Julie A. Karpelenia, Assistant Dean, Graduate School
Patricia A. Loew, Associate Professor, Department of Life Sciences Communication
Joshua K. Monifi, Undergraduate Student, International Business
Lynn J. Neis, Graduate Affairs Coordinator, Department of Materials Science and Engineering
Linda D. Oakley, Professor, School of Nursing
Scott G. Prinster, Graduate Student, Department of History of Science
Margaret J. Schmidt, Women’s Philanthropy Council, Wisconsin Alumni Association Volunteer,
Facilitation Consultant, Member of the UW Foundation Women’s Philanthropy Council,
Alumna, BS ’84, MBA ’88
Renee Schuh, Information Process Consultant, Division of Information Technology
Jennifer T. Sheridan, Research Director, Women in Science & Engineering Leadership Institute
Patrick J. Sims, Assistant Professor, Department of Theatre and Drama
J. Lindsey Stoddard-Cameron, New Faculty Programs, Office of the Secretary of the Faculty
Timothy R. Taggart, Food Service Administrator, Intercollegiate Athletics
Lillian Tong, Program Coordinator, Center for Biology Education
Julie L. Tran, Associate Student Services Coordinator, Dean’s Office, School of Business
Lynet Uttal, Associate Professor, Human Development and Family Studies Program, [email protected]
and [email protected] Studies Program, and Gender and Women’s Studies Program; Director, Asian
American Studies Program
Herbert F. Wang, Associate Dean, College of Letters and Science; Professor, Department of
Geology and Geophysics
Staff Staff
Mathilde Andrejko, Assistant to the Director
Nancy Thayer-Hart, Facilitator, Office of Quality Improvement
Building Community
I. Executive Summary
The Building Community team of the 2009 UW–Madison Reaccreditation Project was
charged with addressing the question: “How can UW–Madison best meet the needs
of an increasingly diverse society and community to build a welcoming, respectful,
and empowered community?” This question provided the opportunity to engage the
campus community in a conversation about the experience of being at UW–Madison.
This is particularly timely, as concerns about recruitment and retention of faculty and
staff increase in urgency and importance.
In this study, we sought to address the simultaneous opportunities and challenges associated with the changing racial, political, ethnic, geographic, ideological, and economic
profile of the campus community by focusing on engagement and community building.
The UW–Madison community includes some 41,000 undergraduate and graduate students, and more than 16,000 employees, including over 2,000 faculty, and roughly
14,000 academic and classified staff. Students and faculty are distributed across some
400 degree programs in 12 schools and colleges. This represents a huge change in the
past twenty years, and while we may not know what changes the future will bring, we
believe that we have an obligation to shape an environment where members of our
community can do their best work. As a result, we focus on the experience of being at
UW–Madison, as much as what we do when we are here.
The campus community we envision is one where we intentionally build community
through common purpose, engagement in campus and broader community activities,
and awareness of and respect for the various roles played by our students, staff, faculty,
visitors, and alumni.1 We envision a campus where all members are aware of and respect
the rights and responsibilities associated with being part of the campus community, and
where campus social and physical structures empower community members to have a
voice and to uniquely contribute to collective as well as individual goals. We propose
that attention paid to community building and fostering/encouraging inclusion will lead
to improved climate, higher retention, and enhanced productivity for all members of
the campus community.
In order to create this vision and meet our goals for the next decade, our team identified
two major challenges to address and a set of key recommendations. In particular is the
challenge of building both a dynamic community and a “flat” campus. How can we
balance the incredible opportunity and simultaneous difficulties associated with being
as large and as decentralized as we are?
A. Challenge 1: Intentionally Build Community While Nurturing
Diversity
The primary challenge in creating a welcoming, respectful, and inclusive campus is that
of building community while also nurturing diversity and individuality. Building community requires that the members believe they have something in common and that in
a meaningful way they share an identity. That commonality is important, but we also
ask, how can we foster a sense of shared purpose and core principles without going so
far as to suggest that newcomers should be assimilated into an existing and static community?
Recommendation 1: Deliberate attention paid to being welcoming. First experiences,
whether the first day on the job, or the first semester as a student, or the first months
as a tenure-track faculty member, can set the tone for a person’s entire experience.
A critical part of building community is creating experiences that fully introduce and
welcome new staff, students, and visitors as well as support the transitions of continuing
community members.
• Initiate a campus campaign similar to “We Conserve”: “We welcome, it’s what
we do.” Track success by surveying new employees and students about their level
of feeling welcome.
151
152
Building Community
• Create orientations for new employees that are “developmentally appropriate,”
that begin before arrival on campus, and that provide a stepwise orientation to
campus and their role here. This includes our second- and third-shift workers.
We further recommend (1) spreading out the orientation appropriately and (2)
focusing not only on the cognitive but also on the affective aspects of orientation—to provide the experiential aspects of orientation. Show new people the
ropes, addressing what are the expectations, as well as where am I now? How do
I do my job? Who can I talk to, rely on, be friends with?
• Develop and sustain support systems and resources for new employees: e.g.,
provide adequate and appropriate mentoring, as well as training for mentors and
supervisors.
• Designate a “welcome person” within each department, unit, and dormitory to
serve as the point person providing welcome and information for those interested. Make this person’s name and contact information publicly available.
• Provide activities and programs to introduce new people to campus and campus
to them. For example: (1) a “Bucky Book” for campus—every new employee
(and each employee who reaches five, ten, fifteen . . . years on campus) receives
a book of coupons for free admission to a performance, a free meal in one of the
dining halls, a free game of pool in the union, free parking for a day, etc., and (2)
social networking opportunities (interest groups that are not job-related).
Recommendation 2: Foster and encourage activities that positively enhance the
Wisconsin Experience for each of us.
•Interest groups that are not job-focused.
•Opportunities to participate in service learning, research, outreach, etc., for our
• Cross-unit visits to learn more about how the campus as a whole operates.
students, staff, and faculty alike.
Recommendation 3: Institute a policy of regular climate surveys for formative and
summative assessment purposes.
B. Challenge 2: Creating Engagement and Responsibility
In any institution of this size, creating a sense of shared purpose and responsibility and a
culture of engagement presents a challenge. It is quite possible to identify those individuals who belong to our “university community,” but this definition obscures the complexity inherent in this group. When we lack a clear and compelling identity, divisions
along departmental, or racial, or hometown lines are apt to loom large.2 For students, at
least, full participation in an institution of higher learning should involve being open to
new perspectives, activities, and ideas—should not the same be true of faculty and staff?
Yet, how might it be possible to nurture this openness while also fostering a common
vision? In addition, how can we provide each member of the campus community with
a voice in the community?
Recommendation 1: Initiate and institutionalize a policy of inclusion and engagement. Just as a campaign of “We welcome,” initiate “We engage and we include.”
Recommendation 2: Mandate that a statement of civility and values be publicly
posted and distributed. Just as there is a code of conduct for students and for classified staff, so too should we all ascribe to appropriate conduct (related to the rights and
responsibilities associated with being here). Embedded within this are ideas about our
core values as a campus. What is the Wisconsin Idea for the next century? What is our
common purpose? This type of campus-level self-awareness is a critical component in
defining who we are as a community.
• Begin a process to collectively generate a statement of campus community values
to be disseminated to every new and current member of the campus community.
• Institute programs to foster cultural competency (see full report for additional
details).
Building Community
Recommendation 3: Track “engagement” of faculty, students, staff, visitors, and
alumni using a modified version of the National Survey of Student Engagement (NSSE),
which would ask about employees’ involvement in furthering the Wisconsin Idea or
participation in shared governance, for example.
Recommendation 4: Focus on the Wisconsin Experience for all. Every person who
visits, works, or studies here is having a “Wisconsin Experience,” whether they are aware
of it or not—indeed, everyone here contributes to the Wisconsin Experience, whether
they recognize their power or not. We propose that we be intentional about what it
means. What is it that makes this place unique? What does it mean to be at this campus
versus another?
The type of high-functioning community we envision doesn’t happen by accident. Over
and over, studies have shown that true community requires intentionality on the part
of its members. To move forward as a great public university in a rapidly changing
world, we must declare our commitment to building community and we must continually nurture that community’s development at all levels. Because a strong community
implies a shared identity, we need as a campus a bold statement of who we are and
what it means to be here. In addition, because the membership of our community
is constantly changing, we need to consistently invite new members to participate in
shaping and furthering that identity. Engagement and dialogue are key elements in
building and in gauging community. Just as we encourage all undergraduates to shape
their Wisconsin Experience by participating in more than the bare minimum of activities
required to earn their degrees, so too should we encourage all faculty and staff to shape
their own Wisconsin Experience through engagement that goes beyond narrow focus
or a specific job description.
Our team itself represents a powerful example of the benefits that can come from diverse
groups working together toward a common purpose. This project and the consensus it
represents would not have been possible without broad and active participation from a
wide array of groups and individuals on campus. Every bold generalization about what
community looks like on this campus was challenged by the breadth of experience and
context brought by the members of this team, leaving us confident that the claims that
remain have proven valid across campus. We have been changed, included, and engaged
by the process. Our final recommendation, therefore, is to make use of the human
resources and community that have been built in this process.
II. INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND
A. Charge to the Team and Key Questions
Our team was charged with completing a self-study for UW–Madison that addressed
the primary question: “How can UW–Madison best meet the needs of an increasingly
diverse society and community to build a welcoming, respectful, and empowered community?” This question was unique to us, and provided an opportunity to engage the
campus and the community in a conversation about the experience of being at the
University of Wisconsin–Madison and on the value of a campus community comprised
of empowered individuals. Unlike several of the other teams, our focus was intentionally inward, as our ability as an institution to serve the larger community, to prepare a
diverse and effective workforce, and to foster scholarly pursuits is dependent on our
ability to create the inclusive and engaging environment conducive to these.
The resulting report reflects the overarching theme of the self-study: “What does it
mean to be a great public research university in a changing world, and how does
UW–Madison uniquely embody this greatness?” as well as the following questions laid
out in our team charter:
• W
hat is a welcoming, respectful, and empowered UW–Madison community?
What would be key indicators?
• What are opportunities or existing successful programs to build upon?
Criterion 2a
Criterion 3c
Criterion 4c
153
154
Building Community
• What are the impediments to creating and sustaining a more inclusive UW–Madison campus community, and what will it take to overcome those challenges?
• How can UW–Madison increase the awareness and connectivity of its many communities on campus?
These questions as stated generated substantive dialogue, and our exploration of
how to create a welcoming, respectful, and empowered UW–Madison community
progressed organically throughout the nine–month study period. Our findings as
reported below address these questions, yet the report is not structured around
these four bullet points per se.
B. Context for This Theme
Though the questions listed above constituted the initial charge to our team, one might
reasonably begin with a much more fundamental question: why is community-building
important? The answer lies in understanding three elements of community—identity,
intent, and interactions.3 We build community by developing a shared sense of who we
are (identity), why we’re here (intent), and how we behave (interactions).
1. Why is community building important?
• Because establishing a coherent identity within our institution is a necessary precursor to sharing that identity outside our institution. Community-building is
therefore essential to the Wisconsin Idea.
• Because a shared intent enables us to identify and pursue coherent, consistent,
complementary goals. Community-building is therefore essential to our pursuit
of excellence.
• Because positive interactions result in increased productivity and in higher retention rates for students, faculty, and staff (and fewer resources expended as a
result of turnover). Community-building is therefore essential to our responsible
and effective use of resources.
Criterion 3a
If one characteristic identifies a strong, healthy, and high-functioning community, it is
engagement, a theme that appears repeatedly in this report. In The Fifth Discipline, Peter
Senge argues that the increasing complexity, pace, and diversity of modern life and
work require that we develop flexible, adaptive institutions, or what he calls “learning
organizations.” Senge characterizes these organizations as places “where people continually expand their capacity to create the results they truly desire, where new and
expansive patterns of thinking are nurtured, where collective aspiration is set free, and
where people are continually learning how to learn together.”4 In his widely read and
in-depth study of undergraduates at Harvard, Making the Most of College: Students Speak
Their Minds, Richard Light argues that student engagement is a key indication of their
learning as well as their satisfaction (a result in keeping with the philosophy behind the
National Survey of Student Engagement and UW–Madison’s participation in that study).
Similar findings appear in much of the literature on learning communities, whose very
purpose and success lie in their ability to help students engage with one another and
with their learning.5
Who we engage with matters as much as the fact of engagement. The University of
Michigan’s study on “The Benefits of Diversity in Education for Democratic Citizenship”
provides a compelling argument that “students who interact with diverse students in
classrooms and in the broad campus environment will be more motivated and better
able to participate in a heterogeneous and complex society.”6 A fascinating 2001 study
in Organization Science found that the existence of “communication ties which cut
across demographic boundaries—and the different sets of information, experiences,
and outlooks that such boundaries divide—enriches the research process and promotes
greater productivity.” 7
In short, community building is important because it enables us to achieve our institutional mission.
Building Community
155
2. Who is in the UW–Madison community?
The UW–Madison community includes over 41,000 undergraduate and graduate students, and more than 16,000 employees, including over 2,000 faculty, and roughly
14,000 academic and classified staff. Students and faculty are distributed across some
400 degree programs in 12 schools and colleges. The main campus covers more
than 900 acres and includes hundreds of buildings. Job descriptions for our 16,000
employees vary enormously and include everything from postdoctoral researchers to
deans and directors (i.e., those at start and at the pinnacle of their careers), student
services to custodial services (i.e., those who care for our students and for our facilities),
contract workers and limited-term employees (LTEs) to long-tenured faculty (i.e., those
with short- vs. long-term commitments on campus). Some are unionized, some not. All
participate at least nominally in “shared governance.” This size and variety alone present
challenges to community building.8
One example of a change that has reshaped UW–Madison involves academic staff, who
perform a broad array of duties on campus, including instruction and research, but
also student services from advising to health care to athletics. The role and number of
academic staff have evolved over the past generation, thanks to corresponding changes
in funding levels, changes in the available academic workforce, and changes in expectations for what services a campus should provide. At UW–Madison, the number of academic staff grew from roughly 2,500 in 1977 to nearly 7,000 by 2007. The number of
faculty during this period stayed relatively constant, at around 2,000.9 This means that
academic staff, who were once numerically on a par with faculty, now outnumber them
by 3 to 1. Have practices or expectations changed to keep pace? What implications
does this change have for the experience of those staff members or for the faculty and
students with whom they interact?
Classified staff have increased as well, though not as dramatically as academic staff.
Between 1998 and 2007, the number of classified staff grew from 4,874 to 5,228 (~7
percent).10 More significantly, a decade ago 94 percent of classified staff were white/
Caucasian; today 88 percent are (during that same period, women have consistently
made up approximately 55 percent of classified staff). How has this demographic
change come about and what lessons might we draw from that change for the rest of
campus?
Overview
A Sense of Place
So I must believe that . . . a place is
not a place until people have been
born in it, have grown up in it, lived
in it, known it, died in it—have both
experienced and shaped it, as individuals, families, neighborhoods, and
communities, over more than one
generation. Some are born in their
place, some find it, some realize after
long searching that the place they left
is the one they have been searching
for. But whatever their relation to it, it
is made a place only by slow accrual,
like a coral reef.
From A Sense of Place,
by Wallace Stegner
Although the total number of faculty has remained steady, their makeup has changed as
well. Consider, for example, that in the College of Agricultural and Life Sciences, some
45 percent of the faculty have been hired since the year 2000. How has this affected
institutional memory and community identity?
Recent changes in higher education further complicate this process of community
building. Among the biggest transformations on campuses nationwide during the past
decades is the change in the racial, political, ethnic, geographic, and economic profile
of campus community members, as well as an increased visibility and awareness of the
variety of those members’ sexual orientations, physical abilities, learning styles and abilities, and mental health status. Students, faculty members, and employees alike comprise
and interact with a far more heterogeneous community than ever previously.11
In the 1980s, between 6 and 14 percent of faculty hires each year were from minority
groups; from 2000 to 2007, that percentage has been between 20 and 27 percent.12 In
1999, 89 percent of the faculty were white/Caucasian; by 2007, that percentage had
dropped modestly to 83 percent. Gender shifts have taken place as well: in the past
ten years (from 1998 to 2007), the faculty has shifted from 22 percent female and 78
percent male to 29 percent female and 71 percent male. Demographic changes have
shaped the student body as well.13 In 1989, 3 percent of incoming freshmen were from
so-called targeted minority groups; by 2007, 10 percent of incoming freshmen were
from targeted minority groups. Statistics for UW–Madison on first-generation college
students have been compiled only in recent years, but since 2005, roughly 20 percent
of the members of each incoming class report having no parent who has completed
a four-year degree.14 Though nationwide data do not necessarily reflect the picture at
UW–Madison, the trend appears to be toward more students whose families are new
to college. Also telling is the trend in financial need and support among new freshmen:
Criterion 1b
Criterion 2a
156
Building Community
in 1989, 31 percent of first-year students were determined to have financial need and
these students met 28 percent of this need through “self-help” (loans, work-study, etc.);
in 2004, 41 percent of freshmen had financial need, and these students met 35 percent
of the cost of their education through self-help.15
A newcomer to campus in the
mid–1980s ...
... would have been entering a community where over 90 percent of the faculty
were white, over 80 percent were male,
and 85 percent had tenure.
“UW–Madison must be an international university open to and welcoming diversity and the exchange
of ideas. We need to find a way to
make this place welcoming to all, not
too large and intimidating—so that
everyone who comes here to learn
and grow is able to do so in a positive and comfortable way to the best
of their abilities.”
Dane County alumnus
In 1985, enrollment hit an all-time high
of 45,050 students.16 The record-breaking
freshman class contained 6,815 students,
97 percent of whom were white or Asian
(i.e., nontargeted-minority) and 52
percent female; two-thirds would have
no documented financial need.
A newcomer to campus today ...
... would enter a community where
roughly 83 percent of the faculty are
white, 71 percent are male, and 78
percent have tenure.
After dipping below 40,000 in 1996,
enrollment has settled at around 41,500.
The 2006 freshman class of 5,373 students
was the smallest in more than a decade
and was 90 percent white or Asian (i.e.,
nontargeted minority) and 55 percent
female; 59 percent had no documented
financial need.
3. The need for intentional community-building
Leaving aside the issue of whether these trends are good or appropriate, the fact remains
that our community makeup today is more varied than it was a generation ago. With
this remarkable range in backgrounds, values, and beliefs come tremendous opportunity and tremendous challenge. The more homogeneous a community, the less effort
required to find common ground and shared purpose. Along with changes in demographics have come changes in perspectives—gone is the time when one might represent the university largely as the bastion of white male faculty and their Wisconsin-born
students of European descent.
In 2008, we are compelled to view ourselves more subtly and with more complexity.
In other words, it is not that women and minorities and staff members and financially
needy students were never a part of the university, but that we are more aware of and
attuned to this diversity. Indeed, as we step back to envision the university’s identity,
we are reminded of a history and a community on this land that predate the university,
adding further depth to what it means to be here, in this place, at this time. The nearly
60,000 members of the UW–Madison community make the campus one of the largest
“cities” in the state with all the varied physical, intellectual, socioeconomic, and ideological backgrounds, abilities, and identities of a thriving city.
Criterion 4b
Criterion 2a
Criterion 4a
We can no longer assume a common understanding about the “norms” of community
associated with interacting and engaging one another. Further, in this era of globalization and information it is becoming increasingly difficult to do a single job or learn a
single subject. Growing interest nationally in interdisciplinarity and our own campus
efforts in this area (e.g., the Wisconsin Institutes for Discovery and the Cluster Hire initiative) underscores this need to leverage and foster diverse scholarly perspectives in our
classrooms and academic units. All of us, members of majority and minority groups alike,
must now attend to the dynamics of community across the diverse roles this campus
now houses. Too often conversations about diversity on campuses become synonymous
with racial or cultural background or focus solely on the number of minority students
or faculty. This is inadequate to achieve true community and more often only serves
to polarize and divide.17 Instead, diversity must encompass difference in all its forms.
And the value of diversity must lie not in filling quotas, but in celebrating the learning
that comes from authentically engaging different perspectives—fostering this sort of
engagement is a key recommendation of this report. It means shifting from the attitude
that we must legislate the tolerance of differences to an attitude of actively seeking
understanding across lines of difference.
As Wallace Stegner so elegantly suggested,18 the very identity of the university comes
from the people who have shaped it and who continue to do so. We believe, therefore,
that being a “great public university in a rapidly changing world” requires that we find
Building Community
the will and means to welcome, respect, and empower all members of this campus
community across social, physical, and cultural divides, acknowledging the challenges
presented by such a goal. We believe that community building begins with first encounters—ensuring that UW–Madison welcomes both new members and existing members
into new situations and roles. But true community goes beyond such first impressions—
day to day we must all commit to treating one another respectfully, which requires
acknowledging and exploring differences in our experiences, perceptions, values, and
roles. And finally, for all members of UW–Madison to be true partners in this community, we must all feel empowered to participate in and help shape this institution and
its future.
This type of high-functioning community engagement doesn’t happen by accident.
Over and over studies have shown that true community requires intentionality on the
part of its members.19 To move forward as a great public university in a rapidly changing
world, we must declare our commitment to building community and we must continually nurture that community’s development at all levels. Because a strong community
implies a shared identity, we need as a campus a bold statement of who we are and
what it means to be here. In addition, because the membership of our community
is constantly changing, we need to consistently invite new members to participate in
shaping and furthering that identity. Engagement and dialogue are key elements in
building and in gauging community. Just as we encourage all undergraduates to shape
their Wisconsin Experience by participating in more than the bare minimum of activities
required to earn their degree, so too should we encourage all faculty and staff to shape
their own Wisconsin Experience through engagement that goes beyond narrow focus
or a specific job description.
These ideas have emerged during the past year, beginning with a survey of UW–Madison
students, employees, and alumni initiated by the Reaccreditation Project Team and continuing through conversations with hundreds of members of the community. Across
all levels and constituencies the message was clear—present and past members of the
campus community called for us to focus on the experience of being at UW–Madison,
as much as what we do when we are here.
C. Approach to Preparing This Report
With that charge in mind—a focus on the experience of those who are here—we spent
nearly nine months building a diverse team of campus community members to address
the issue of “building a welcoming, respectful, and empowered UW–Madison campus
community.” Team members and affiliations are listed at the beginning of this report.
They included classified and academic staff, students (undergraduate and graduate),
administration and academic services, and tenured and probationary faculty members
from a range of campus units.
The approach we took to generating the report was manifold: (1) The team co-chairs
attended listening sessions and meetings with various campus groups and representatives during the time period from July 2007 until April 2008 (for example, the
Campus Leadership Council, the Diversity Oversight Committee, and the L&S Equity
and Diversity Committee). (2) We met as a team for three three-hour retreats between
October 2007 and February 2008 to generate ideas and engage in dialogue about our
vision and ideas for moving forward. (3) We held intensive two-hour sessions with an
initial core writing team during December 2007 and January 2008 to begin to converge
on report structure and content. (4) We held a weekly series of “Coffee Conversations”
during February and March 2008 to hone the report and its ideas. (5) We presented
our initial recommendations and report structure to various campus leadership groups
during February 2008. (6) We met with individual campus leaders (such as the vice
chancellor for teaching and learning, the associate vice chancellor for research administration, and the provost) to refine and revise our recommendations and the language of
our report. In addition, our conversations with the other theme-team chairs have helped
us to place our findings and recommendations in a broader context of re-envisioning
the university for the future.
Criterion 3c
Criteria 3a,c
Criterion 4c
157
158
Building Community
1. Details about the retreats
In our first retreat, we addressed the idea of what it means to be “welcoming,” who it
is that the campus community (and therefore our charge) includes, what are the needs
of an increasingly diverse community and society, and what would constitute “success”
for the self-study report. In the second retreat, we explored what it means to be a
member of the UW–Madison community, and asked what it should mean. What is a
community, and how is one intentionally built? We discussed the characteristics of our
campus culture and the values reflected therein, and we identified programs on campus
that are representative of the values and welcoming community we desire. In our final
retreat, we worked to generate ideas and recommendations for creating a welcoming
campus community.
2. Key results
Criteria 3c,d
a. T
he experience of welcoming and being welcomed can be broken into two parts.
First is the welcome a person receives when he or she are in the position of being
new. In the course of our time here, we each enter new spaces regularly (literally and
figuratively)—new buildings, new offices/jobs, new committees, and so forth—and
each entry point is an opportunity to be welcomed (or not). Second is the ongoing
experience of feeling included in one’s workplace community, underscoring the
importance of the climate of a given unit on campus. We discussed specific factors
that contribute to both types of welcome—such as having a good initial experience
here, people taking the time to mentor new people and get to know them, as well
as the importance of feeling valued as a member of the community for long-term
welcome. We recognized efforts under way in certain parts of campus, such as SOAR/
First Year Experiences, the Parent Program, and the Wisconsin Idea Seminar, that are
designed to welcome new people, as well as programs to support the creation of a
welcoming climate (e.g., HHMI chairs training and the campus learning communities).
b. T
he campus community in its broadest sense includes people from a tremendous
range of racial, cultural, physical, and socioeconomic backgrounds and experiences
spanning roles from faculty members, students (undergraduate and graduate), postdoctoral researchers, visiting scientists and scholars, alumni, custodial and buildings
and grounds services, coaches, administrative services, academic services, as well as
represented and nonrepresented classified employees, student employees, and academic and instructional staff. While we recognize this diversity as inherently valuable,
we also recognize the challenge it presents in creating community that includes all
roles and perspectives. Further, the team (and others we spoke with) felt strongly that
inclusion of diverse perspectives must not become synonymous with submersion of
those perspectives. We cannot have an attitude that expects all people who come
here to “join us and learn to become us” in our Midwestern cultural traditions. Rather,
what it means to be a member of this campus is co-created through our respectful
interactions with one another and our negotiation of the differences in our perspective and backgrounds. Authentic community is one where difference is respected
and engaged rather than submerged or avoided.20 This type of engagement requires
an environment that is safe yet not complacent. Ideas are challenged and differences are negotiated. This is embodied in the concepts of ‘pluralism’ as proposed
by Dr. Diana Eck.21 She states: “Diversity is just plurality, plain and simple—splendid,
colorful, perhaps threatening. Pluralism is the engagement that creates a common
society from all that plurality.”
Criterion 2d
c. W
e recognized some compelling and valuable cultural values embodied by this university (see “Who We Are,” page 161). Further, we identified the importance of an
institutional statement of values. In a more homogeneous community shared awareness of cultural history and values can be implicitly assumed. In an increasingly diverse
society shared awareness of values cannot be assumed. It is essential for community
building that we collectively define and make explicit a set of core values or core
principles that reflect who we are as an institution. An explicit statement of our values
developed from our cultural and institutional past and reflecting our current community goals serves to define not only who we are, but who we strive to be as a campus
Building Community
community, and to provide a gauge against which to measure our policies, publications, practices, attitudes, and actions. This type of explicit statement of cultural
history and collective values is a critical part of community-building. It allows new
members a starting point for entering into the community and a set of common goals
and purpose that serve to anchor a dynamic community such as ours.
d. We recognized that there is marginalization on campus of disparate groups based
on factors such as race, sexual orientation, and physical ability—and there is clearly a
need for programs designed to support these groups for retention and success. We
also identified behavior toward and civility among the different groups and roles on
campus as a fundamental factor in developing a welcoming and respectful community. In particular, the differences and (often) animosities that exist between academic
and administrative services, between classified and academic staff, and between
faculty and all campus groups are barriers to a collaborative and collegial, welcoming,
empowered, and respectful community. However we define our differences, we need
a community that engages with difference and nurtures dialogue, with the goal of
improved campus climate and increased scholarly engagement. True engagement is
not as simple to achieve as it is to say, and frequently calls on us to engage in what
one commentator has called “uncomfortable learning.” Whether our perspectives
place us in the majority or in the minority, sharing and exploring our different viewpoints and experiences in a meaningful way may well require us to work through
discomfort, but provides the potential for powerful development.
e. Finally, we identified the need to be intentional about building community. The ability
to find a place to ‘belong,’ to feel a part of a community that recognizes and values the
individual as well as the collective has been show repeatedly to be critical for success
and retention.22 Left on their own, new people (be they students, faculty members,
or staff) to a campus this large and overwhelming may tend to hide in their office,
lab, or residence hall room without conscious intervention to include them in campus
life. Further, when they do venture out, they may tend to associate with others who
are most like them because that is the easiest choice.23 In order to generate true community (safe but challenging, fostering the growth of its members, engaged), opportunities and guidance must be provided for new members, and existing community
members must equally participate. Two major areas we have identified for forward
motion are (1) developing a “first-year” experience for every new member to campus
and (2) working to encourage and monitor active engagement with the campus
community—an intentional, purpose-oriented ongoing Wisconsin Experience for all
of our staff, students, alumni, and visitors.
D. Emergent Themes
During the course of our listening and exploration across campus, several themes
emerged. In effect, we heard campus community members saying repeatedly that in
any campus discussion or effort to “build a welcoming, respectful, and empowered
UW–Madison community,” the following are essential. The careful reader will note the
similarities and overlap between these themes and the results of our team retreats.
1.Our ability to function/succeed as a great public university into the future is
contingent upon our recognition of the value of the role that every person on
campus plays—from maintenance staff to students to administrators to faculty
members and postdoctoral researchers. Without every one of these, none of us
can do our jobs, and we must respect one another accordingly.
2.As a campus, we must operate from a broader, more inclusive definition of diversity. Diversity is “difference in all its forms,” including our backgrounds, perspectives, values, physical abilities, economic status, and sexual identities. Even
among members of a given group, diversity exists in perspectives and values.
3.There is a need to cut across traditional campus hierarchies and divisions (e.g.,
classified and academic staff and faculty, or students from various economic or
geographic origins) to create an integrated and engaged campus—further, it is
essential to provide means for all campus members to have a voice in community
governance.
159
“A diverse population being able to
function in a diverse world includes
having access to a wider range of
income levels, as well as students
with serious disabilities. The campus is welcoming, but we have to
make sure that we provide adequate
services, including for mental health
disabilities.”
UW staff member
Criterion 1c
Criterion 2a
Criterion 3c
Criteria 3a,c
Criteria 1c-e
160
Building Community
4.We must intentionally seek to build and sustain community among all campus
students, employees, and alumni. In particular, we must encourage our faculty
members to engage with the campus as often as they engage with their professional community.
5.All new campus employees and students must be provided with adequate welcome and mentoring. In particular, we must focus on the first-year experience
that every new person has at UW–Madison. This goes beyond orientations that
merely describe how to fill out insurance forms.
6.All campus employees, students, visitors, and alumni should have opportunities
to sustain and build community by engaging with each other, the campus, and
the broader Madison community.
7.Particular attention must be paid to including our classified staff in our welcome
and community building. While we cannot alter state rules concerning them, we
can include them in campus community and governance more fully than they
currently are.
8.The campus must be a safe space to challenge one another and grow in the
process. Indeed, the growth and learning of all campus employees, students,
and alumni should be a priority. In particular, cultural competency (dealing with
difference) and awareness of democratic process are essential for every person.
As noted above, safety does not imply comfort—no one should feel threatened
on this campus, but everyone can expect to feel some discomfort.
9.No one is exempt from the need to be civil and treat one another with respect.
We must foster and support the practice of civility among all campus community
members. Incivility becomes particularly problematic when a power differential
is involved, as between faculty and staff or students. For this reason, we note in
particular one comment we heard on the subject of civility: “The acquisition of
tenure does not grant a faculty member the right to treat others with disrespect.”
Indeed, no role on campus grants the right to be uncivil to any member of our
community.24
10.We are all privileged to be a part of this institution and with our association
comes both the privilege and the responsibility to give back in some way. It is
important that faculty, students, alumni, and visitors be aware of the rights and
responsibilities associated with being part of UW–Madison.
Building Community
Who We Are and Who We Want to Be
• W
e are forward thinking. And forward moving. From the context of a rich
history/tradition, we use our ideals to make ourselves a world-class university
through academic excellence (sifting and winnowing) and engagement to
better the world (Wisconsin Idea).
• Integrity. Ethical conduct. Professional behavior.
• W
e accept/expect stretching beyond an individual comfort zone (no one is
excused).
• W
e don’t “fake the funk.” We understand, respect, and value people; are
genuinely caring and empathetic; welcome/invite/seek a variety of perspectives; challenge assumptions, stereotypes, and preconceptions about experiences and abilities.
• “
We dig being different.” Our university offers a warm/welcoming climate
for a rich and diverse mix of people and ideas.
• W
e strive for inclusivity—on and beyond campus (thinking of ourselves as
participants in/citizens of a global community); policies and practices serve
our whole community, not just segments.
• C
ollaboration—sense of shared agenda across academic, administrative, and
support units; interdisciplinarity, academic collaborations; permeable barriers enable interactions across communities; community-based research, outreach, collaborations with the community, county, state, etc.
• W
e believe in deliberative democracy, participatory decision-making, and
strive for shared governance that is truly inclusive: all individuals and units
have a “voice” and can participate; contributions are invited/actively sought;
we provide opportunities to engage in dialogue and safe spaces for dialogue;
we have honest conversations (not empty rhetoric) across levels of hierarchy
(without fear of reprisal); it is safe to challenge received ideas/norms/beliefs;
opportunities to learn and practice skills (“we listen, hear, put ourselves into
the dialogue”); the mechanisms/resources exist for addressing conflicts safely/productively; everyone has a right to disagree and opportunity to enter
dialogue.
• Culture of engagement, spirit of service/volunteerism.
• S
cholarship-in-action—contributions that change the world (enacting the
Wisconsin Idea); using our academic skills/resources to strengthen our own
community (leadership and scholarship on organizational development,
organizational change, diversity and climate issues).
161
162
Building Community
III. VISION
The campus community we envision is one where we intentionally build community
through common purpose, engagement in campus and broader community activities,
and awareness of (and respect for) the various roles played by our students, staff, faculty,
visitors and alumni.25 We envision a campus where all members are aware of and respect
the rights and responsibilities associated with being part of the campus community, and
where campus social and physical structures empower community members to have a
voice and to uniquely contribute to collective as well as individual goals. We propose
that attention paid to community building and fostering/encouraging inclusion will lead
to improved climate, higher retention, and enhanced productivity for all campus community members.
A. Goals Associated with This Vision
Criterion 1c
• As a campus, our institutional values are collectively determined and explicitly/
publicly stated. This sentiment is echoed in the values statement from the Institutional Integrity team of the 2009 Reaccreditation Project.
• Our students, staff, faculty, visitors, and alumni can articulate what it means to be
a member of the UW–Madison community.
Criterion 4a
• Opportunities exist for our staff, students, faculty, visitors, and alumni to provide
input into and engage in campus community activities and goals—opportunities
to learn about other parts of campus; feel welcome; feel invited and encouraged
to be part of a larger community; explore and grow intellectually, culturally, and
socially; give back. There exists adequate and appropriate opportunity for staff,
students, faculty, visitors, and alumni to engage in dialogue around campus goals
and challenges (they have a voice and they are empowered to use that voice).
• Quality of life matters, as much as what we do matters. (In other words, the
experience of being here is as important as the end product or output while we
are here.)
• All members of the campus community recognize that they are respected and valued and can articulate the role they play in creating the Wisconsin Experience.
B. What We Are Building From
Members of our theme team and others with whom we spoke reminded us that examples of success are all around us. We were all able to identify one or more times when
we felt welcomed on this campus. We could all name times and places and circumstances under which we understand ourselves to be valuable members of this community. Indeed, it is possible to describe a Wisconsin Experience that most members of
the community would recognize. Art Hove, longtime member of the UW community
and de facto historian-in-residence of this institution, argues that three elements capture
what it means to be at UW–Madison:
• First, “we’re all in this together”—the Progressive tradition of the state has left
its mark on the university, fostering a spirit of community interdependence and
support.
• The second element is what Hove calls “no big deal,” or our disinclination to
make a fuss—over ourselves and our accomplishments, or over challenges that
face us; one simply gets up in the morning and does what needs to be done.
• And third, there is what Hove refers to as our “inspired goofiness”—from installing flocks of pink flamingos on Bascom Hill to dancing the polka in the renowned
Fifth Quarter, we know how to have fun.26
Our present challenge is therefore not to create a sense of community so much as it is
to increase the frequency and breadth of that sense of membership.
Building Community
163
To illustrate community that does exist on campus, we provide here examples of units
and programs that exemplify one or more elements of success. Note that we are not suggesting these examples as perfect, nor necessarily as models to follow, but rather as case
studies from which we might draw inspiration for further development. These programs
and initiatives can be organized into the following six categories, listed alphabetically:
1.Assessments (programs and data that help the community understand what it is
doing well and where improvements could be made)
2.Development (programs that help all members of the community to develop
their skills at contributing to and enhancing community)27
3.Exemplars (programs, offices, and units that serve as models in one or more ways
of successful community building)
4.Information clearinghouses (programs, offices, and initiatives intended to gather
and make available information related to community building)
5.Orientations (programs that help new community members understand and
appreciate their new environment and role)
6.Support (programs that help individuals become or remain active members of
the community)
As we develop recommendations for future programs, initiatives, and activities, these
categories may help us clarify our thinking about them and may also point to models
to build from. Below are some key examples from each category. This is not intended
as an exhaustive list.
C. Where We Are Headed
First, we believe that the future greatness of UW–Madison will be determined in large
part by our willingness to invest in the capacity to build and nurture community at
the whole-campus level. This type of environment—respectful and welcoming while
also intellectually stimulating and challenging—is the necessary foundation for our continued and future excellence as an institution. This sort of community is distinguished
from “pseudo community” by its degree of “pluralism” or willingness to challenge one
another respectfully, with goodwill, and the intention to understand. The quote on page
17 by Diana Eck illustrates the value of pluralism in building a respectful, inclusive, and
empowered community. We hope to see the campus headed toward a vision of pluralistic engagement and true community.
Pluralism and the Wisconsin
Experience
Pluralism is not the sheer fact of plurality or diversity alone, but is active
engagement with that diversity. One
can be an observer of diversity. One
can “celebrate diversity,” as the cliché goes. Or one can be critical of it
or threatened by it. But real pluralism
requires participation, engagement.
Diversity can and often has meant
isolation and the creation of virtual
ghettoes of religion and sub-culture
with little traffic between them. The
dynamic of pluralism, however, is one
of meeting, exchange, and two-way
traffic. . . .
Diana Eck, From Diversity to Pluralism28
D. Goals for the Next Decade
During the next decade we hope to see:
• The campus moving toward truly participatory governance. Research, academic, and support units will have raised awareness of one another. A faculty
member or staff member stopped on the street would be able to articulate what
a given unit contributes on campus, and would also be able to explain how the
governance system works at UW–Madison. Students and employees will have a
full understanding of the Wisconsin Idea and will know how they as individuals
can advance ideas or participate in decisionmaking.
• Programs in place to foster engagement of all campus community members
with the campus and broader community. It will be simply a matter of course
that faculty members participate in learning communities and in outreach activities. Staff and students engage in learning communities, and other learning and
service opportunities.
Criterion 1d
Criterion 5c
• Explicit attention paid to the experience of being new, and improved orientation and mentoring programs for all students, staff, and faculty members.
We will strive to be known as a welcoming campus and a mentoring campus. As
a necessary precursor to comprehensive mentoring, we must ensure prospective
mentors have the skills necessary to serve in this role.
Criteria 3b-c
164
Building Community
Campus Initiatives that Build Community
Assessments
Academic Planning & Analysis Data
Faculty Exit Interviews
National Survey of Student Engagement (NSEE)
Women in Science and Engineering Leadership Institute (WISELI) Climate Surveys
Development
CIC Academic Leadership Program
DELTA/CIRTL Diversity Resources
Inclusivity Workshops
Intercultural Dialogues
Leadership Institute
Office of Professional and Instructional Development
Plan 2008 Campus Diversity Forums
SEEDED: Seeking Educational Equity and Diversity for Experienced Doers
Sexual Harassment Information Project
Theatre for Social and Cultural Awareness
WISELI Climate Workshops
WISELI Search Training
Exemplars
Athletics (including community of players and fans)
CALS Leadership Certificate
Counseling Psychology
Diversity Initiatives in Schools/Colleges
Entomology
L&S Honors Program (with guiding principles wheel)
School for Workers
Information Clearinghouses
Center for Integration of Research, Teaching and Learning (CIRTL)
Creating Community, Office of the Vice Provost for Diversity and Climate
Office for Equity and Diversity Programs
WISELI
Orientations
Academic Staff Mentoring Program
Kauffman Seminar
New Employee Orientation, OHRD
Wisconsin Idea Seminar
Women Faculty Mentoring Program
Support
Chancellor’s Scholars
Collective Bargaining
Cultural and Linguistic Services, OHRD
Domestic Partner Benefits
Dual-Career Couple Assistance Program
Faculty Strategic Hiring Initiative
Learning Communities
McBurney Disability Resource Center
Ombuds Office
PEOPLE and other precollege programs
Summer Research Programs
TRIO Student Support Services Program
Vilas Life Cycle Professorships
Women in Science and Engineering (WISE) residence hall/classes
Note: In Section IV of this report, we refer back to many of these programs to illustrate ideas
for moving forward our vision. In addition, the online Supplemental Material provides additional details on several of them.
Building Community
• Open acknowledgement and management of the tension that exists
between extant and concurrent desires for both hierarchical and flat organizational structures. While we want every member of the campus community
to be empowered and have a voice, we also recognize that there exists a desire to
create a more centralized administrative structure. This delicate balance between
the advantages and freedoms of a decentralized structure and the efficiencies of
a more centralized institution will be a critical area of focus in the next decade.
Criterion 1d
IV. IDEAS FOR MOVING OUR VISION FORWARD
In order to create the vision above and meet our goals for the next decade, our team
identified two major challenges to address and a set of key recommendations. In particular is the challenge of building both a dynamic community and a “flat” campus.
How can we balance the incredible opportunity and simultaneous difficulties associated with being as large and as decentralized as we are? We look here in more detail at
the challenges facing us as we attempt to ensure a positive and productive Wisconsin
Experience for all. In each challenge, we find opportunity and articulate concrete next
steps to move us toward a common vision.
A. Challenge 1: Intentionally Build Community While
Nurturing Diversity
The primary challenge in creating a welcoming, respectful, and inclusive campus is that
of building community while also nurturing diversity and individuality. Building community requires that the members believe they have something in common and that in
a meaningful way they share an identity of some kind. That commonality is important,
but we ask: how can we foster a sense of shared purpose and core principles without
going so far as to suggest that newcomers should be assimilated into an existing and
static community?
The value of the diversity that we seek is in its very variety. Of what use is it to bring
new members into our community if our intent is simply to make them like us? Rather,
what we seek is a community at once confident in its purpose and its philosophy, and
yet open to adaptation and growth based on new perspectives and insights. Our team
has wrestled with the term “acculturation,” which for some connotes something like
assimilation—being swallowed up by a dominant group or culture. In fact, the definition of acculturation is less pejorative: “The modification of the culture of a group or
individual as a result of contact with a different culture.” Whatever we might choose to
call the process, it is this reciprocal effect that we expect and welcome, and that indeed
is inherent in the notion of a university—the coming together of different people and
their ideas for the betterment of all participants and the knowledge they create.
Next Steps
1.As a starting point, we believe it is essential to identify, articulate, and routinely share not only our shared purpose, but also a set of core principles that
help guide us in our pursuit of that purpose.29 Consider the example of the L&S
Honors Program (see “In Search of a Wisconsin Solution,” page 166), which suggests that such principles already exist, even if they are not clearly articulated in
campus policy (indeed, they may be stronger by virtue of being ingrained).
This example illustrates the idea that there is something unique and special about
UW–Madison and its approach to fulfilling its mission. In addition, the changes
undertaken by the L&S Honors Program demonstrate that it is possible to seek excellence without relying primarily on numerical scores. If we are committed to finding
a “Wisconsin solution,” we can define selectivity in an appropriate and manageable
fashion. It is with such examples in mind that our team recommends establishing a set
Criterion 1c
Criterion 3c
165
166
Building Community
Criterion 1c
In Search of a Wisconsin Solution
Criterion 3c
“Over the past several months the Honors Staff has been thinking hard about the
meaning of Honors in the context of an increasing accomplished freshman class
where more than 60 percent of entering students meet the criteria we used for
admission just a few years ago. Some of our peer institutions are experiencing a
similar increase in student quality, and their response has been to increase the ACT
and SAT cut-offs. For example, [one Big 10 school] this year is using a minimum of
34 on ACT for Honors admission. This did not feel like a “Wisconsin” solution to
us and given the literature that relates test scores to family income and other variables, we decided last summer to go in the opposite direction of [that Big10 school].
Starting last September, we are sending invitation letters to ALL students that are
accepted to the College of Letters and Science where we describe the goals we see
of an Honors education and inviting them to consider this. Students who decide to
apply are referred to a Web site where we ask information about high school activities, leadership, service, and awards and ask for four short essays—one tapping views
of social change and opposing viewpoints, another to tap their ideas about personal
growth through college, a third to tap creativity, and a fourth to tap passion.
We have removed all information about high school GPA and mean test scores
from our Web site and we are reviewing and making admissions decisions based
only on the material described in the application. We are hoping from this process
to encourage applications from a broad array of students and we have already found
that some of those whose applications we have rejected have those high test scores
that [the other Big10 school] is requiring, whereas many of the more interesting and
exciting applicants have lower scores.
We hope that with this new process and some other changes currently being
piloted that we will soon have a coterie of creative and engaged Honors students
who will in their lives exemplify the best of the Wisconsin Idea.”
—From an e-mail by Chuck Snowdon; February 15, 2008
of principles to help guide us in our pursuit of excellence and in our efforts to measure
our success.
2.Focus on deliberate community building. Our community is large and also
dynamic—new members are continually joining, others leave or graduate, and
current members are continually taking on new roles. At an institution as large,
diverse, and dynamic as ours, we must pay deliberate attention to the elements
of building community. The Carnegie Foundation’s list of Activities that Foster
Intellectual Communities30 illustrates this idea, and points a-d illustrate how this
could be enacted.
The excerpt that follows describes eight activities that foster community within academic departments. Although the recommendations focus on faculty and graduate
students, each of the eight activities could be expanded to engage all members of
our community in all types of units.
Criteria 3b,c
Criterion 4a
a.Emphasis on building our institutional capacity to welcome new people and set
them up to succeed. To a large extent we do this with undergraduates (SOAR,
Welcome Week, FIGs) and faculty (orientation, Wisconsin Idea Seminar). As an
institution we are less intentional about welcoming new staff and graduate students (though we recognize that some units and departments do a good job
of this) and about welcoming members into new roles and responsibilities (the
campus Department Chairs Training is a notable exception). During our initial
retreat, our team members compiled a list of actions that helped them to feel
welcome. One message that emerged consistently was that a sincere welcome
recognizes the new person as an individual and helps them to feel valued as
a member of the community. We hope that it will become a matter of course
that all units on campus know that “we welcome, it’s what we do.” Additional
ways to provide a welcoming environment include broadening access to the
Building Community
Carnegie Foundation’s List of Activities That Foster
Intellectual Communities30
“Intellectual community is not simply a matter of ambiance, and it does not happen by
accident or by magic. Work is required. [T]he need is not only for ongoing nurturing
and attention to the quality of intellectual community; it is for concrete actions that
promote such community. What follows are actions and activities that have been especially helpful in the diverse settings of the CID (Carnegie Initiative on the Doctorate).
1. Engaging Students Fully in the Life of the Department. A department with a
healthy intellectual community is marked by the level to which students are engaged in
all of the activities of the department: serving on committees, hosting outside scholars,
planning events, mentoring more junior students, and shaping policy.
2. Collaborative Work on Curriculum. Like the work that goes into a mission statement or set of departmental goals, curriculum design and course development can
bring people together around questions of purpose.
3. Sharing Research across Boundaries. [S]ometimes the impulse to focus inwardly
means forgetting the opportunity for making connections across intellectual arenas.
Connections with others in different subareas or fields can lead to new collaborations.
4. Opening Classroom Doors. Departments in which classroom doors are open (metaphorically and otherwise) are settings for building a particular kind of intellectual community that some are calling a “teaching commons” (Huber and Hutchings, 2005).
5. Allowing Risk and Failure. Important breakthroughs are more likely in settings that
allow for risk-taking and failure.
6. Setting Aside Time for Reflection. We’re well aware that retreats are not everyone’s
cup of tea, but in an academic culture increasingly captured by “productivity,” setting
aside time to think, and to build the community in which careful thought is possible,
sends a powerful signal.
7. Creating Physical Spaces for Intellectual Community. Much of the research on
organizational culture points to the value of informal interaction. [T]he chances that
it will happen rise when there are places for informal exchange: coffee machines,
kitchens, lounges, bulletin boards, and electronic spaces where department members
can connect with others and stay apprised of program activities.
8. Social Events. [S]ocial activities clearly strengthen a community that already has
strong intellectual ties. These personal and informal connections not only create goodwill but build foundations for deeper intellectual engagement.
These activities, strategies, and structures are of course only a few of the ways to
create and sustain intellectual community. The important point behind them all is that
members of a department or program must think deliberately and act purposefully to
put in place the elements that will build the kind of culture in which vibrant intellectual
life is available to all its members.
—George E. Walker, et al
“Creating and Sustaining Intellectual Community”
prospective employee Web site used by the College of Engineering31 and increasing awareness of the campuswide “Living and Working in Madison” page.32 Note
that we begin to welcome undergraduate students long before they arrive for
the first day of classes; this is a lesson we would do well to extend. The Search
Committee Workshops, for instance, recommend that search and screen committees see their job as starting with the PVL posting and continuing through the
early days on the job, with important work to be done helping the new faculty
member transition from candidate to employee (by providing information on
housing, access to campus e-mail, and more). We recommend that we have
in place a plan to welcome every new employee beginning weeks before they
physically arrive on campus and continuing throughout their first year. In effect,
we would like to see a “first-year experience” for each new person. This would
include a revision of our current approach to orientations. As in the Maslow hierarchy, new people must satisfy survival needs first (where is my office? where do I
Criterion 2a
167
168
Building Community
Criterion 2a
Criterion 4a
Criterion 3a
Criterion 4c
park?) before they can assimilate information about rules and regulations.33 New
people also need an informal mentor to show them the ropes. We recommend
expanding our already excellent programs for new faculty (e.g., the Women’s
Faculty Mentoring Program and Academic Staff Mentoring Programs—see
Supplemental Material online) to include all new employees and graduate students. This type of deliberate welcome and attention to the experience of being
new will lead to increased retention and productivity. We also note the annual
Academic Staff Institute, which serves as an orientation for new staff and also a
renewal for long-time employees, but which would benefit from increased participation.
b.Foster ongoing community through “sustaining experiences” and raised awareness of what the various roles are in campus life and functioning. This includes
mentoring, learning communities, and simple day-to-day interactions as well
as intentional “cross-pollination” or cross-training of staff, students, or faculty
members. The simple day-to-day courtesies remind us that our first day’s welcome and orientation was not an aberration, but a reflection of how we do business. Student welcoming, for instance, could be strengthened by a campuswide
commitment to university orientation that covers key themes (student safety,
health, cultural competency, etc.). Sustaining experiences and engagement for
our undergraduate students are articulated in the Wisconsin Experience document
from the Offices of the Dean of Students.34 We need equivalent opportunities
for our employees and undergraduate students. In effect, we recommend the
concept of a Wisconsin Experience for all campus groups. We need to identify
and articulate what shared values and activities create the Wisconsin Experience
for other cohorts (graduate students, faculty, and staff). This would build on and
extend programs already in existence, such as the campus learning communities
(e.g., SEED, SEEDED).
In addition, there has been strong support for additional opportunities for engaging in a Wisconsin Experience that combine scholarly and social interactions. For
example, our employees would like to be able to identify colleagues with similar nonacademic interests. They would like opportunities to participate in service
learning or outreach. This could take form as the addition of networking capabilities
to the current My UW Web tools.
Finally, a crucial part of creating an engaged and respectful/civil campus climate is
fostering understanding of the critical role played by each member of the community. We recommend support for programs that allow for cross-training or visiting
campus units or departments other than our “home.” An example of this is a former program sponsored by the Student Personnel Association35 to once a year have
staff spend a week in a different unit learning the duties of staff there. We feel that
this could be revived and extended. Much like transparency and an open classroom
door fosters a healthy teaching climate,36 so too, transparency about administrative
process can foster a healthy and supportive work environment.
Criterion 4a
Criterion 2c
Criterion 3a
Criterion 5a
c.One suggestion (from the Academic Staff Institute) was to make the award nomination process easy and common—widely publicize the awards available to campus members, make the deadlines and application materials easy to find (for
instance, by maintaining a comprehensive inventory on a single Web site), and
Web-based submissions easy to navigate (for instance, by allowing submission of
one part of a nomination at a time).37
d.Many faculty members currently engage at a high level with campus and the
broader community, but we would like to encourage more of this. We recommend tracking levels of campus employees and student engagement using an
instrument similar to the recent National Survey of Student Engagement (NSSE).38
Initiatives like the Wisconsin Idea in Action program announced recently39 also
represent ways to recognize and encourage faculty engagement beyond the
classroom or research lab.
Building Community
3.As important as campus statements and policies may be, we must also recognize that physical space shapes community as well (see “Activities that Foster
Intellectual Communities,” page 167).40 The informal seating areas in Grainger
Hall and the Microbial Sciences Building, for example, are in stark contrast to the
long, uninviting hallways in the Humanities Building or Ingraham Hall. Food and
drink support community building—witness how the interactions in the lobby of
Engineering Hall or College Library were transformed with the addition of a coffee
bar. The vast size of the campus presents challenges to community as well, which
the addition of free bus routes in recent years helps to mitigate, particularly in light
of ongoing parking limits. As a reminder of the impact of physical space on community building, our colleagues whose offices are located at Research Park and the
Medical Campus both noted how challenging it is to be integrated into the university community. They feel isolated from the people and activities on the central
campus. Shuttle buses and the availability of electronic communications help keep
this situation from being worse, but cannot match the ease with which those on the
central campus can connect with their colleagues.
Criterion 2d
4.Understand “diversity” in broader terms. If we think of diversity goals primarily
in terms of numbers, we will be hard-pressed to benefit from whatever diversity we
might achieve. While this is understandable from the perspective of measures and
accountability, we believe that by focusing on building community that is open,
respectful, and inviting, we may well find that our demographics change as well.
Further, we believe that a diverse community is the responsibility of and will benefit
all members of UW–Madison and derives not from a focus on numbers or quotas,
but from developing an institutional culture that values difference in all its forms
(e.g., ideological, socioeconomic, ethnic, cultural, physical, gender, and age differences). This emphasis on valuing and engaging with difference is paramount. Given
the publicity over loss of faculty and staff due to lack of full domestic partner benefits
and the gay marriage amendment vote in 2007, the issue of feeling welcomed and
valued is critical in our ability to attract and retain top students, and employees. The
principles and practices of the UW System Inclusivity Initiative,41 currently focused
on lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender employees, could readily be adapted
to a broader range. Quantitative measures provide invaluable information about
our status and progress. What the numbers alone cannot capture, however, is the
experience (be it good, bad, or mixed) of being here. We note the WISELI Climate
Workshops as an instructive model. Participation in the workshops requires that a
department begin with a survey on the current climate, and these (largely quantitative) data that form the foundation for fruitful conversations about the meaning
and significance of the data. We also note the Leadership Institute, which builds
off of two important notions: first, that one need not be in an official position of
leadership in order to make a difference; second, that we need not be as diverse a
community as we wish to be in order to make progress on community building.
Criterion 1b
5.Develop cultural competencies. Step 4 above calls on us to envision our diversity
goals as community building, but this assumes that we have the capacity to do
so. Some might ask why, in the face of everything else that is expected of us every
day, we should want to add on yet another burden. Others will doubtless question what “cultural competency” means and who gets to decide when we have
achieved it. However, we believe that the recent effort by members of the School
of Social Work is a good starting point and we recommend building from this.41
The school’s definition of cultural competence is given in the quote on page 170
In addition, the report from the Global Citizens and Leaders team contains further
discussion of cultural competence. The overall goal is to foster an environment in
which exploring unfamiliar ideas and experiences is rewarded and indeed expected.
As an institution of higher education, such an attitude is familiar in the classroom.
Our goal should be to create an environment that is challenging and that promotes
growth for all. The sort of “learning organization” that has been described by Peter
Senge, for instance, is an organization in which all members feel safe (for instance,
in espousing their viewpoints) but not necessarily comfortable (that is, we are likely
to hear things with which we disagree and be expected to wrestle with ideas that
discomfit us). We believe as a starting point that there is no competence without
Criterion 2a
Criterion 2a
Criterion 2a
Criterion 2c
Criterion 4a
Criterion 4c
169
170
Building Community
Cultural Competence, defined by
the UW–Madison School of Social
Work: Process by which individuals and systems respond respectfully and effectively to people of all
cultures, languages, classes, races,
ethnic backgrounds, religions, and
other diversity factors in a manner
that recognizes, affirms, and values
the worth of the individual, families,
and communities and protects and
preserves the dignity of each.
NASW Standards for Cultural Competence in Social Work Practice, 2001
Criterion 4c
engagement (like Diana Eck’s pluralism). Further, we believe that encouraging personal and professional development will contribute to the health and growth of
the institution. To the extent that we enable each person to contribute fully, we
enable this community to help develop effective solutions to complex problems, to
“make a difference”—on campus and in the world. Put differently, developing the
abilities to listen and engage in dialogue across cultures builds on our world-class
research capabilities and the Wisconsin Idea. We will, in short, challenge ourselves
and our students to become a better community. It is important to note here that
we are not espousing a change in direction for UW–Madison, but rather a renewed
commitment to approaches that have long been part of our heritage and strength.
The university has consciously made such investments in supporting diversity in
the past: the decision in 1860 to become a co-educational institution, the creation
of an experimental college (Mieklejohn House), the addition of an ethnic studies
requirement, and the creation of a campus Peace Corps office are just a few of the
examples of the UW–Madison’s progressive tradition.
a.What this challenge suggests is that while programs to recruit and retain new
members to our community are important (see the list of support programs in
the previous section), we must also put effort into supporting “majority” members of our community. That is, every person on campus bears responsibility for
ensuring a healthy, vibrant community—it is not the job of new members to fit
in as existing members remain the same, but for all members (old and new alike)
to adapt and adjust continually. Professional development, therefore, should be
expected of everyone at UW–Madison, not just new folks and not just those
who choose to participate (what some refer to as “the usual suspects”). Such
development programs should promote cross-cultural awareness and engagement and help people communicate across differences better, move beyond
“Wisconsin Nice” to more genuine interaction.43 Again, we are not encouraging
indoctrination or so-called political correctness, and we believe that there is no
neat end-point at which anyone can say they have achieved cultural competency. In a sense, the development and support programs we might offer are
less important than promoting the expectation that ongoing development is a
necessary, beneficial, and rewarding part of the Wisconsin Experience. Indeed,
this is our vision of Sifting and Winnowing for the twenty-first century—that we
provide opportunities for learning, as well as encouraging/fostering/supporting
personal growth—not “social engineering.” However, we do also recognize the
associated challenge inherent in such a recommendation. There are those who
believe that they have done as much as they can and should do to promote
diversity, while others are entirely resistant to the topic. Some concrete examples
of steps to address this challenge include generating increased participation in
OHRD-sponsored or WISELI programs, such as conflict resolution training, or the
WISELI Climate Workshops for Department Chairs.44 For undergraduate students,
it means developing an appreciation for why they are required to take an ethnic
studies class (and an assurance that the classes with that designation support the
goals of the requirement).
b.We should also make use of our existing resources, for instance by using our
research faculty who work internationally in all disciplines to help us understand
difference and how we can learn from others, and help us explore our assumptions about how things have to be done, etc. A set of guidelines for establishing
a safe, but not comfortable community might include the following: no one is
above the law, no one gets to be comfortable all the time, everyone has a voice,
everyone has a right to learn and grow, everyone must be challenged not to be
insular or self-focused.
Criterion 1e
c.All position-vacancy listings and job descriptions should include expectations
for respectful behavior (as recommended by OHR). Cultural competence must
be required for all UW–Madison employees and students and we must provide
resources and tools for all members of campus to learn, acquire, and achieve
cultural competence (on paid work time).
Building Community
6. As we articulate our shared purpose and core principles, we must question
which of them we consider nonnegotiable and essential to our well-being,
and which are open to adaptation. The former form our true core; the latter
may describe how we currently do things, but are not properly part of our formal
“Wisconsin Way.” Our identity as a center for knowledge and exploration is what
defines us as a university and cannot be changed without a fundamental change in
what higher education means. The fact that we are situated in a populist and progressive state (as indicated in the L&S Honors story above) is also a manifest part of
who we are (and have been), though how we practice that progressivism may well
vary through time. Our commitment to excellence is nonnegotiable, but how we
seek or define “excellence” is open to interpretation, as with the Honors staff who
opted not to rely on GPA as a criterion. Beware of the “that’s not how things work
here” trap. At times, such a response may point to core characteristics that we are
committed to maintaining, but it may instead reflect an unwillingness to explore
new avenues or approaches and thus a lack of respect for new viewpoints and
possibilities. In a research university, it seems appropriate to rely on research as we
move forward. Information sources such as WISELI and DELTA/CIRTL, for instance,
can help us explore our assumptions about what is essential and appropriate and
what is simply common practice.
Criterion 1a
B. Challenge 2: Create a Culture of Engagement and Shared
Responsibility
In any institution of this size, creating a sense of shared purpose and responsibility and a
culture of engagement presents a challenge. It is quite possible to identify those individuals who belong to our “university community,” but this definition obscures the complexity inherent in this group. When we lack a clear and compelling identity, divisions
along departmental, or racial, or hometown lines are apt to loom large.45 Undergraduates,
for instance, refer to a Coastie/Sconnie/Townie divide (see online Supplemental Material
for a student account). For students, at least, full participation in an institution of higher
learning should involve being open to new perspectives, activities, and ideas—should
not the same be true of faculty and staff? And yet, how might it be possible to nurture
this openness while also fostering a common vision? In addition, how can we provide
each member of the campus community with a voice in the community?
In spite of our size, the UW–Madison community already has more of a shared purpose
than, say, a city of roughly the same size in terms of population (such as Eau Claire, West
Allis, or Janesville). The university exists for the purpose of creating and sharing knowledge, and every member of our community plays a part in that purpose. In addition, we
Criterion 2a
Criterion 5b
171
172
Building Community
have a wealth of human resources to draw from in shared problem solving and building
true-community toward our shared goals. Even as we already provide large numbers of
CEOs as well as Peace Corps volunteers, this emphasis on engagement and responsibility provides an opportunity to educate global citizens and leaders.
Next Steps
Too often we take for granted the ultimate purpose of the university. The notion of
knowledge production and transfer is so fundamental as to be invisible to us much of
the time. With that in mind, our next steps in response to this challenge should serve to
refocus us on our ultimate goal and to remind each of us of our part in achieving it.
Criterion 1d
Criterion 1a
Criterion 5e
Criterion 1e
Criterion 4d
1.Explicitly acknowledge the contribution of all campus members to our purpose.
One danger in viewing knowledge production as our primary purpose is that not all
members of the community contribute to that purpose in the same way. It is easy to
see how faculty and students in the classroom are engaged in sharing and acquiring
knowledge. It is more of a stretch to see how administrators, maintenance crews,
and dining services, for example, are deeply engaged in similar work. Chancellor
John D. Wiley has described how former Chancellor David Ward supported the idea
that everyone on campus is an educator—by employing a sufficiently broad understanding of that term, it was possible for the grounds crew to see themselves as
participants in that pursuit and, indeed, they began to contribute in more concrete
ways, including labeling plantings around campus, so that community members
could readily learn more about their surroundings. The key here is that (however
we ultimately go about it) we must encourage the development of a community
that values every last one of its members and respects the varying ways in which
we each contribute to our shared home. This respect assumes that each member
of the community understands something of the complexity of this institution and
knows something of the work done by those with titles different from their own.
Whether or not we choose to define all members of the community as educators,
our next steps should involve encouraging all members of the community to learn
about and interact with units outside of their own. The Kauffman Seminar and the
Wisconsin Idea Seminar, for instance, provide excellent opportunities to learn about
the breadth of what happens around campus and how it affects the state. (Note
though that neither of these programs is broadly available and both exclude the
work and the participation of most classified staff.)
2.Bring the Wisconsin Idea (and Sifting and Winnowing) into the twenty-first
century. The Wisconsin Idea, supported by the principle of sifting and winnowing,
is foundational to creating the culture of engagement and innovation that we
seek. We need to take the Wisconsin Idea into the twenty-first century. In so doing,
we provide an opportunity for the campus community to engage collectively in
the values inherent to the Idea, rooted in our cultural history, and in furthering a
common purpose. It is the Wisconsin Idea that sets us apart from other institutions.
It also allows us a framework for intentionally encouraging/fostering/supporting
growth in our students and employees; it encourages real voice and participation;
it enables each person to contribute fully, to help develop effective solutions to
complex problems and “make a difference” on campus and in the world.
3.Since we do not live in a perfect world, and as humans we do not behave
perfectly all the time, recourse must exist for those unfortunate times when
there is a breakdown of civility and conflict arises. A variety of resources exist on
campus for individuals with concerns and grievances (Office of Human Resources,
Offices of the Dean of Students, academic dean’s offices, labor unions, Ombuds
Office, etc.). It is important that these resources exist and that people know where
to find them, but equally important is that everyone at UW–Madison confidently
believe that there is a place to turn if they need it, a faith that this institution is supportive (and “means well”) and that disrespectful behavior is an aberration to be
dealt with, not accepted or ignored. Our vision is that people enter this place and
move through it with a sense that there are folks out there to help (whether it’s
Building Community
with finding peers, being mentored, doing financial planning, lodging a complaint,
etc.—it’s a place with resources). A test of this vision would be: if you stopped a
member of our community on the street and asked two questions, what would he
or she say?
• D
o you believe that resources exist on campus to help you (proactively and after
the fact)?
• D
o you have at least one contact person you’d be comfortable calling to help you
figure out who’s the best resource for a given problem?
4.Clarify the shared governance structure. Shared governance—the notion that
all members of our community have a voice in how this institution operates—is
integral to who we are. And yet this philosophy, so simple to state, is so difficult to
enact. The reality of some 60,000 voices all having their say is bound to become
a cacophony in which few are truly heard. Any attempt to collect the input of
all the stakeholders on this campus means a drawn-out process of discussion and
approval—witness, for example, the time required to prepare these accreditation
reports. Our governance structure is frequently misunderstood to be faculty governance. New effort-reporting guidelines make it impossible for staff members who
are fully funded from outside grants to participate in governance (or indeed service
of any kind). The job requirements for many classified (and some academic) staff
make participation in governance prohibitively challenging—consider, for instance,
the nightshift custodial crews, whose work hours tend not to overlap with committee meeting times and whose unions may preclude participation in governance
functions. Graduate students are encouraged to pursue their education with singleminded dedication and advisors can discourage them from taking time out to serve
on committees or attend governance meetings. Undergraduates, who dominate
the campus in terms of their numbers, are often seen (and see themselves) as shortterm members of this community, with little stake in the long-term process of governance. Finally, there is the ever-present risk that when everyone is responsible, no
one is. In spite of these challenges, our campus remains committed to the idea and
the ideal of shared governance. Although efficiency is not a characteristic of our
campus decision-making, our inclusive process of deliberation does mean that the
decisions we do make are more likely to have the support of members of this community. We can, in short, create stronger decisions with better buy-in through participatory decision-making, at least in the ideal. We are not advocating wholesale
changes in the current governance system. Rather, we believe that to achieve the
goal of an engaged campus community that shares in responsibility, all members of
the campus community must understand how our governance system works, and
how we uniquely embody the idea of shared governance here at UW–Madison.
This is related to the question of “what does it mean to be us?” Ways that we can
support the broadest possible shared governance structure include:
a.Develop intentional and comprehensive programs of orientation that have as a
goal the introduction of new staff, students, and faculty members to the concept
of shared governance at UW–Madison, as compared to elsewhere.
b.Explore ways to ensure that all stakeholders have not only the right, but also
the ability and the means, to participate in governance (and in the community
more generally, through service, for instance). A step in this direction is a recent
proposal from the provost’s office, presented to the Academic Staff Executive
Committee: to accommodate effort-reporting-related constraints, we could use
overhead revenue to fund 5 percent of those who would otherwise be 100 percent on soft money, and allow them to use this 5 percent to participate in service
or governance activities.
c.Review campus documents (see, for example, Faculty Policies and Procedures,
Chapter 6) to ensure alignment with the principles and practices of true shared
governance.
Criterion 1d
173
174
Building Community
V. SUMMARY OF KEY RECOMMENDATIONS
In order to know that we have achieved our vision for the next decade, we need a set of
concrete, measurable steps to take and to assess. The new programs and initiatives listed
below are structured around the challenges identified previously. For more detailed recommendations, see Section IV.
A. Challenge 1: Intentional Community Building
Criterion 1d
“UW–Madison needs to respect and
appreciate all members of the campus community. The campus needs
to be welcoming; we as a campus
need to examine needs of the workers (flexible schedules and staffing).”
Classified staff member
Recommendation 1: Deliberate attention paid to being welcoming.
• Initiate campus campaign similar to “We Conserve”: “We welcome, it’s what we
do.” Track success by surveying new employees and students about their level of
feeling welcome.
• C
reate new orientations that are “developmentally appropriate,” that begin
before arrival on campus, and that provide a stepwise orientation to campus
and their role here. This includes our second- and third-shift workers. We further
recommend (1) spreading out the orientations and (2) focusing not only on
the cognitive but also on the affective aspects of orientation—to provide the
concrete details and parking permits and how to log in, etc., and also to provide
the experiential aspects of orientation. Show new people the ropes, the expectations, and address “Where am I now? How do I do my job? Who can I talk to, rely
on, be friends with?”
• Develop and sustain support systems and resources for new employees: e.g. provide adequate and appropriate mentoring, as well as training for mentors and
supervisors.
• Designate a ‘welcome person’ within each department, unit and residence hall
to serve as the point person providing welcome and information for those interested. Make this person’s name and contact information publicly available.
Criterion 4a
Provide activities and programs to introduce new people to campus and campus to
them. For example: (1) a “Bucky Book” for campus—every new employee (and each
employee who reaches five, ten, fifteen ... years on campus) receives a book of coupons
for free admission to a performance, a free meal in one of the dining halls, a free game
of pool in the union, free parking for a day, etc.; and (2) social networking opportunities
(interest groups that are not job-related).
Recommendation 2: Foster and encourage activities that positively enhance the
Wisconsin Experience for each of us.
• Interest groups that are not “job-focused.”
•Opportunities to participate in service learning, research, outreach, etc., for our
• Cross-unit visits to learn more about how the campus as a whole operates.
Criterion 2a
students, staff, and faculty alike.
Criterion 1e
Recommendation 3: Institute policy of regular climate surveys for formative and summative assessment purposes.
Criterion 4d
B. Challenge 2: Creating Engagement and Responsibility
Recommendation 1: Initiate and institutionalize a policy of inclusion and engagement. Just as “We welcome,” initiate “We engage and we include.”
Recommendation 2: Mandate a statement of civility and values be publicly posted
and distributed. Just as there is a code of conduct for students and for classified staff, so
too should we all ascribe to appropriate conduct (related to the rights and responsibilities associated with being here). Embedded within this are ideas about our core values
as a campus. What is the Wisconsin Idea for the next century? What is our common
purpose? This type of campus-level self-awareness is a critical component in defining
who we are as a community.
Building Community
• Begin process to collectively generate a statement of campus community values
to be disseminated to every new and current campus community member.
• Institute programs to foster cultural competency (see full report for additional
detail).
Recommendation 3: Track “engagement” of faculty, students, staff, visitors, and
alumni using a modified version of the National Survey of Student Engagement, which
would ask about employees’ involvement in furthering the Wisconsin Idea or participation in shared governance, for example.
Recommendation 4: Focus on the Wisconsin Experience for all. Every person who
visits, works, or studies here is having a “Wisconsin Experience,” whether they are aware
of it or not—indeed, everyone here contributes to the Wisconsin Experience, whether
they recognize their power or not. We propose that we be intentional about what it
means. What is it that makes this place unique? What does it mean to be at this campus
versus another?
As we speak of building community, a powerful example of the benefits that can come
from diverse groups working together toward a common purpose may be found in the
activities of the Reaccreditation theme teams over the past year. This project and the
consensus it represents would not have been possible without broad and active participation from a wide array of groups and individuals on campus. That Soil Science and
Athletics, for instance, should have come together to help make this project possible was
both unlikely and determinant. Every bold generalization about what community looks
like on this campus was challenged by the breadth of experience and context brought
by the members of this team, leaving us confident that the claims that remain have
proven valid across campus.
As we reach the end of the report-writing phase, it has become clear to our team that,
however valuable the report itself may prove to be, the relationships and knowledge
networks that our team members have developed with one another and with others
on campus and beyond will have a far greater impact on the future of this campus.
Countless conversations and collaborations will take place as a result of the connections
formed by this project. In addition, the three dozen members of our team now possess
a broader knowledge of this campus and its strengths and weaknesses than any of us
had when we began this adventure a year ago. Even without intervention, these benefits will strengthen the campus. But what more might be accomplished if we actively
chose to encourage the continuation of the connections formed here and the use of the
knowledge we have developed? This work will come to naught if the report is allowed
to sit dormant. Its value lies in its life, and we believe that life comes from each of us.
Our final recommendation, therefore, is to make use of the very human resources and
community that have been built in this process. We are ready and willing to serve.
175
176
Building Community
VI. issues for further consideration
This report represents the input of the hundreds of stakeholders who have participated in
various stages of the Reaccreditation Project and reflects the consensus of the members
of our team in particular. Although we have been able to make good progress over the
past year in developing these ideas and recommendations, key questions remain for
the strategic planning team, which will convene in the coming year. The strategic plan
would benefit from the insights of the external review team, based in particular on their
experience with other institutions.
• How have other institutions leveraged internal resources to effect institutional
cultural change? (In our world of declining resources, especially with the large
budget cuts in administration, how do they/we make these recommendations
more than just another unfunded mandate?)
• How have other institutions dealt with the tensions between faculty and staff,
between “facstaff” and students and so forth, and with those members of the
institution who do not participate in campus life beyond the minimum required
by their job description?
• How have other institutions generated and adopted statements of institutional
core values? How do we avoid pushback from those who claim such statements
are an attempt to “brainwash”?
• How have other institutions attempted to centralize an inherently decentralized
large university?
• How have other institutions reached out to those (often the majority community
members) who think they already have cultural competency and/or think they
already do all they can and should do to support diversity?
• What are the unrecognized gaps or weaknesses in our thinking as laid out in this
report? What are our strengths in the area of climate and community that we can
most immediately build upon?
Notes
1.Compare to concept of “learning organization” in P. M. Senge, The Fifth Discipline:
The Art and Practice of the Learning Organization (Doubleday, 2006).
2.Chip Heath and Dan Heath, Made to Stick (New York: Random House, 2007). For more
about what makes some ideas continually compelling while others slip away unnoticed,
see www.madetostick.com.
3.An interesting essay on the meaning and components of community can be found at
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Community.
4.Ibid, Heath and Heath, Made to Stick.
5.www.engr.wisc.edu/services/weel/coalition/bibliography.html
6.www-personal.umich.edu/~pgurin/benefits.html. More research and information on
the value of diversity in an educational environment is available through a series of
papers commissioned via AAUW’s Making Excellence Inclusive project
(www.aacu.org/inclusive_excellence/papers.cfm). UW System maintains a bibliography
on diversity and academia at www.uwsa.edu/oadd/equity/articles.htm.
7.A fascinating 2001 study in Organization Science argues that “communication ties which cut
across demographic boundaries—and the different sets of information, experiences, and
outlooks that such boundaries divide—enriches the research process and promotes greater
productivity.” Ray Reagans and Ezra W. Zuckerman, “Networks, Diversity, and Productivity:
the Social Capital of Corporate R&D Teams,” Organization Science 12 (4): 512.
8.As one reviewer of this report noted, “The remarkable range in backgrounds, values, and
beliefs reminds me that our campus community is a microcosm for the larger state and in
fact global community—including many of the issues (and stressors) that other study groups
identified as potential topics for research (poverty, low wages which require two-plus jobs,
migration, language acquisition, health care, child care, etc.). Research, teaching, and public
engagement opportunities exist within our campus community.” For one approach to such
issues, see the proposal for a UW Without Borders group, currently under development.
Building Community
9.See WISCAPE study at www.wiscape.wisc.edu/publications/attachments/pe015elliottstudy.pdf
and information about it at www.wiscape.wisc.edu/research/Details.aspx?id=2, and updated
data at http://apa.wisc.edu/Diversity/FacStaff_GenderEthnic_200708_MH.pdf. An earlier
study was conducted by Marc VanOverbeke (WISCAPE project assistant, now on the faculty
at Northern Illinois University).
10.http://apa.wisc.edu/Diversity/FacStaff_GenderEthnic_200708_MH.pdf
11.For a more detailed look at how higher education has changed in recent years, see Ernest L.
Boyer, Scholarship Reconsidered: Priorities of the Professoriate (New York: John Wiley & Sons,
1990), and Katharine C. Lyall, and Kathleen R. Sell, The True Genius of America at Risk: Are We
Losing Our Public Universities to de Facto Privatization? (American Council on Education/Onyx
Press series on Higher Education, 2005). See also the wide range of literature available on the
Millennial Generation, including Neil Howe, and William Strauss, and R. J. Matson, Millennials
Rising: The Next Great Generation (Vintage Books, 2000).
12.See table 7 in http://apa.wisc.edu/Diversity/FacStaff_GenderEthnic_200708_MH.pdf. All other
data in this section, unless otherwise noted, are from http://apa.wisc.edu.
13.See http://apa.wisc.edu/admissions/New_Freshmen_Applicants.pdf.
14.For data on UW–Madison first-generation college students, see http://apa.wisc.edu/degrees/First_Generation_Student_Attributes_2008.
pdf. For national data see http://chronicle.com/che-data/infobank.dir/factfile.dir/students.
dir/freshmen.dir/96/fffresh.htm.
15.See http://apa.wisc.edu/admissions/Trends_FinAid_UWMSN_2006.pdf.
16.http://registrar.wisc.edu/students/acadrecords/enrollment_reports/enrolltabs.php
17.See, for instance, Richard Thompson Ford, The Race Card: How Bluffing About Bias Makes Race
Relations Worse (New York: Farrar, Strauss and Giroux, 2008), and Richard J. Light, Making
the Most of College: Students Speak Their Minds (Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press,
2001).
18. W. Stegner, A Sense of Place (Madison, Wis.: Silver Buckle Press, 1986).
19.Richard J. Light, Chapter 7 in Making the Most of College: Students Speak Their Minds (Cambridge, Mass: ­Harvard University Press, 2007), Donald H. Wulff, and Ann E. Austin, Paths to
the Professoriate: Strategies for Enriching the Preparation of Future Faculty (Jossey-Bass Higher
and Adult Education Series, 2005), Jodi H. Levine, “Learning Communities: New Structures,
New Partnerships for Learning,” Monograph No. 26 (Columbia: University of South Carolina,
National Resource Center for the First-Year Experience and Students in Transition,1999).
20. M. Scott Peck, The Different Drum: Community Making and Peace (Touchstone, 1998).
21. Diana Eck, “From Diversity to Pluralism,” excerpted from On Common Ground:
World Religions in America (New York: Columbia University Press, 2006), posted at
www.pluralism.org/pluralism/essays/from_diversity_to_pluralism.php.
22.Paths to the Professoriate, Chapter 10.
23.Ibid, Peck, The Different Drum.
24.For more on workplace incivility and its effects, see Lilia M. Cortina and Vicki J. Magley,
“Incivility in the Workplace: Incidence and Impact,” Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
6 (2006): 64–80, and Darla J. Twale and Barbara M. DeLuca, Faculty Incivility: The Rise of the
Academic Bully Culture and What to Do About It (San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2008).
25.Compare to Peter Senge’s concept of a “learning organization” in The Fifth Discipline (New
York: Doubleday, 2006).
26.From Art Hove’s presentation on the history of the UW, available online through the WAA at
https://mywebspace.wisc.edu/wptishler/web/hove (see esp. slides 16–25 in part IV).
27.Note that we do not use the term training, which implies imparting an established bit of
knowledge, but rather development, which implies individualized exploration and growth.
28.Ibid, Eck, “From Diversity to Pluralism.”
29.For comparison, one might refer to the UW System’s 11 Principles of Plan 2008
(www.uwsa.edu/oadd/plan/11prncpl.htm), but we note that these are particularly focused
on developing racial and ethnic diversity, and not on community building per se.
30.George E. Walker et al., “Creating and Sustaining Intellectual Community,” in The Formation of
Scholars: Rethinking Doctoral Education for the Twenty-First Century (San Francisco: Jossey-Bass,
2008), posted on Tomorrow’s Professor Listserv, http://ctl.stanford.edu/Tomprof/index.shtml
31.www.engr.wisc.edu/faculty/prospective_emp.html
32.www.wisc.edu/employment/madison.php
33.Maslow’s Hierachy, from Janet A. Simons, Donald B. Irwin, and Beverly A. Drinnien,
Psychology—The Search for Understanding (New York: West Publishing, 1987).
34.www.wisc.edu/students/wiexperience.htm
177
178
Building Community
35.www.UW-spa.org/mission.htm
36.Parker J. Palmer, “Good Talk About Good Teaching: Improving Teaching through Conversation and ­Community,” Change, vol. 25, no. 6 (Nov.–Dec. 1993), pp. 8–13.
37.The Classified Recognition Award was singled out as being particularly difficult to find
information about, and the Web submission form criticized for requiring all components
of the nomination to be uploaded at once, but without prior warning on the site that this
was the case.
38.http://apa.wisc.edu/performance_students_surveys.html
39.www.wisconsinidea.wisc.edu
40.Michael S. Harris and Karri Holley, “Constructing the Interdisciplinary Ivory Tower:
The Planning of Interdisciplinary Spaces on University Campuses,” Planning for Higher
Education 36 (3) (2008): 34–43.
41.http://lgbtq.uwsa.edu/
42.For more information, see UW–Madison School of Social Work training program given
by Tracy Schroepfer, PhD, MSW, MA, “Field Student Cultural Competence Training.”
DVD available by request.
43.See, for example, Janet Gonzalez-Mena’s RERUN process for how to discuss differences.
http://clas.uiuc.edu/fulltext/cl00881/cl00881.html
44.http://wiseli.engr.wisc.edu/initiatives/climate/workshops_deptchairs.html
45.Ibid Heath, Made to Stick, www.madetostick.com.
Global Citizens
179
Preparing Global Citizens
and Leaders of the Future
“[UW should provide] better international exposure. In today’s
workplace—especially for me in a
technology field—the people I deal
with are very diverse. I may be on a
shared work team with two Indians,
then two hours later, a conference
call with Taiwan or China. The
culture, language, and work methods
can very greatly in these environments and the ability to deal well
with it is a greath strength.”
U.S. alumnus
180
Global Citizens
Co-Chairs
Marianne N. Bloch, Professor, Department of Curriculum and Instruction, and the Department
of Gender and Women’s Studies
John H. Booske, Professor, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering
Members
Andrew E. Arnot, Undergraduate Student, Legal Studies/Sociology
Angela B. Bartell, Dane County Circuit Judge (retired), UW–Madison Alumna ’69 and ’71
Ann T. Behrmann, Clinical Assistant Professor, Department of Pediatrics; Pediatrician, Group Health
Marianne T. Bird Bear, Assistant Dean, Division of International Studies
Phillip Caldwell II, Graduate Student, Department of Curriculum and Instruction
Kathleen L. Christoph, Director, Academic Technology
Sandra L. Courter, Adjunct Assistant Professor, Department of Engineering Professional
Development
Cheryl L. Diermyer, Information Process Consultant, Academic Technology
Suzanne B. Dove, Outreach Specialist, Center for International Business Education and Research
(CIBER)
Robert B. Howell, Professor, Department of German; Director of International Academic Programs,
Division of International Studies
Susan Huber-Miller, Director, CIBER
J. Mark Kenoyer, Professor, Department of Anthropology; Director, Center for South Asia
Maria A. Lepowsky, Professor, Department of Anthropology
Emilie Ngo Nguidjol, Senior Academic Librarian, Memorial Library
Jamie Peck, Professor, Departments of Geography and Sociology; Interim Director, Worldwide
Universities Network (WUN), UW–Madison
Majid Sarmadi, Professor, Departments of Environment, Textiles and Design, and Materials Science
Don A. Schutt, Director, Office of Human Resource Development
Kenneth H. Shapiro, Associate Dean for International Programs, College of Agricultural and Life
Sciences
Jolanda Vanderwal-Taylor, Associate Professor, Department of German
Team Advisors
Gilles Bousquet, Dean/Professor, Division of International Studies
Joseph W. Elder, Professor, Departments of Sociology, and Languages and Cultures of Asia
Jo Ellen Fair, Professor, School of Journalism and Mass Communication; Past Director, African
Studies Program
Cynthia L. Haq, Professor, Departments of Family Medicine, and Population Health Sciences;
Director, Center for Global Health, School of Medicine and Public Health
Sharon E. Hutchinson, Professor, Department of Anthropology; Director, African Studies Program
Abdul Waheed Khan, Assistant Director-General for Communication and Information at the United
Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), Alumnus ’70 and ’73
Sally S. Magnan, Professor, Department of French and Italian; Director, Language Institute
B. Venkat Mani, Assistant Professor, Department of German; Interim Director, Global Studies
Program
Larry R. Meiller, Professor Emeritus, Department of Life Sciences Communication
Catherine H. Middlecamp, Distinguished Faculty Associate, Department of Chemistry, and Director,
Chemistry Learning Center
Kristopher N. Olds, Professor, Department of Geography; Director, Worldwide Universities Network
(WUN), UW–Madison
Robert D. Ray, Associate Dean/Professor, College of Agricultural and Life Sciences
Frances Schuter Taylor, Retired Executive Vice President at Bank of America, Alumna, B.S. ‘68
Support Staff
Mathilde Andrejko, Assistant to the Director
Nancy Thayer-Hart, Facilitator, Office of Quality Improvement
Global Citizens
I. Executive Summary
One of the biggest changes for the U.S. education system between the end of the
twentieth century and the beginning of the twenty-first has been the emergence of the
responsibility to prepare every citizen to function within and productively contribute to
a globally interdependent world. Members of society can no longer afford to remain
ignorant of how their local choices are affected by, and in turn, profoundly affect events
all around the globe. For its own part, the University of Wisconsin–Madison has accepted
its responsibility as a leading public university by embracing the Wisconsin Idea.1 The
Wisconsin Idea embodies the principle that education and research should be applied to
solve problems and improve health, quality of life, the environment, and agriculture for
all citizens of the state, the nation, and the world. In the twenty-first century, fulfillment
of this mission will require investing in programs, policies, and infrastructure that ensure
we provide a world-class preparation for global citizenship and leadership for all learners,
broadly defined, both on campus and off.
The most obvious rationale for this mission is to prepare UW–Madison graduates to
thrive in the twenty-first-century global marketplace. A diminishing number of professional career opportunities will function in isolation or ignorance of global customers,
markets, suppliers, and competitors. We all need to acquire skills to cope with a global
economy in which expansion of employment opportunities and markets is accompanied by global replaceability of workforce through outsourcing and migration of labor.
To intentionally remain unconnected to the globe will have severe repercussions on the
growth of the state’s economy and its citizens and future generations.
Of equal or greater importance is the imperative for every UW–Madison-educated
citizen to understand the increasingly interdependent world in which we live. Decisions
made locally by individuals or communities have profound effects on other communities
in other parts of the world. Examples of how we are personally influenced by conditions
and events across the globe that are, in turn, affected by local choices include:
• c onsumption, distribution, availability, stability, and pricing of raw materials,
food, and resources;
• g
reatly increased human mobility, tourism, population changes, internal and
transnational migration, and the opportunities and challenges that these present
for local economies, health care, environment, and education;
• t he way in which local choices in any one region or country affect global economic, environmental, health, and security conditions;
• t he Internet-enabled flow of information and the potential this creates for
empowerment, manipulation, economic opportunity, and vulnerability.
Globally prepared citizens and leaders will acquire or understand the importance
of learning new skills, knowledge, and values that enable communicating with and
understanding others different from themselves. They will understand the importance
of sustainable living and possess global information literacy—the ability to know what
information is needed, where to find it, and how to evaluate and reflect on contradictory sources of information in an increasingly open, rapidly changing, and complex
global information environment. Their experience with multiple cultures will translate
into understanding how diversity, interdependency, competition, and difference affect
our perceptions of and interactions with others around the globe. Preparing global
citizens and leaders for the future will require sophisticated and innovative use of new
technologies.
At UW–Madison, a great deal of past and ongoing activity supports the preparation
of global citizens and leaders; however, much of that activity is localized in particular
departments, divisions, and organizations (formal and informal). It is not conducted at
sufficiently large, campuswide scales required by the emergent and future state of the
world. To adequately prepare UW–Madison’s learners and current leaders for global
citizenship and continuing educational leadership, we must transform campus attitudes
so that global proficiency and understanding for everyone is a fundamental expectation
181
182
Global Citizens
“In a changing world, a focus on
cultural diversity and international
perspectives is a big issue and to
attract high quality and diverse
students (and promote a good
adjustment while they are in
Madison) the university could
work at making it a place that is
comfortable for non-white, nonWisconsin students.”
UW–Madison student
and visibly celebrated. Explicit language should be inserted into key and prominent
documents (campus, division, school, college mission statements and strategic plans,
general campus education requirements, etc.) that reflect the campus commitment to
this vision. We must turn to strategic partnering as our primary response to challenges,
rather than striving to do it all by ourselves, within ourselves. That is, we must emphasize
collaboration over isolation, which is both a recommended strategy and a fundamental
ethic of citizenship and leadership in a global world. Given the unique cultural traditions of UW–Madison, this transformation will require construction of incentives and
elimination of barriers. A top-down, mandated approach will be counterproductive. If
we successfully achieve our objectives, it will be evident in the intuition and recognition by everyone of the power and value of diversity as well as in the ways we know to
evaluate, discuss, examine, and relate to different cultural information, knowledge, and
behavior.
With the above in mind, we emphasize the following strategies and initiatives in our
report.
• A
dopting an eCAMPUS as the twenty-first-century agile architecture
paradigm for learning, research, and partnering
Productive interdisciplinary collaborations for education and research that prepare citizens and leaders for the highly interdependent globe require not only diverse expertise, but also abundant space and opportunities for frequent gatherings of collaborating
partners. The traditional response has been to construct physical buildings. However,
the pace of global change, the rising costs of “bricks and mortar,” and logistical barriers
to collecting the requisite diversity of global experts in one physical location favor a
new approach. We recommend the eCAMPUS, a nimble, reconfigurable architecture in
which individual rooms in an array of strategically located buildings would be equipped
with twenty-first-century, high-bandwidth digital connectivity and true teleconferencing
capabilities. These separate rooms, when needed, would be linked into a “virtual” large
room when occasion required, eliminating the need to construct special-purpose, large
auditoriums. Alternatively, clusters of two or three rooms could be linked for smallercapacity needs. High-bandwidth channels, routers, and routing software should enable
instant, intimate, multi-participant videoconferencing from offices, campus-network
terminals, or in-the-field terminals for collaborative learning. This vision will provide
UW–Madison with high bandwidth capacity for e-collaborations with partners across
the campus, the state, throughout the Great Lakes region, across the nation, and to
many places around the globe.
• E
mphasizing deliberate cross-infusion of content between separate
courses to achieve knowledge integration
Preparation for global citizenship and leadership will require not only the acquisition of
diverse individual knowledge skills, but also their integration to enable understanding
and making choices about complex subjects such as adoption of technologies or sustainable practices. Rather than rely on the development of an extensive array of new
integrative courses, we recommend deliberate cross-infusion of content and collaborative semester projects between existing but currently separate courses in humanities,
economics, law, business, education, communications, mathematics, science, social sciences, engineering, ecology, and the arts.
• Emphasizing immersion learning
Cognitive research has established that knowledge construction and retention are most
likely to occur when learning involves sensory-rich, emotion-laden, and cognitively
complex learning experiences2. At the same time, while philosophical and empirical
studies have varied in their support for the most effective approaches to teaching and
learning in higher education from the nineteenth through the early twenty-first century,
there is consistent recognition that relevance and active participation in activities and
lessons facilitate learning.3 The most powerful opportunities to teach communication
and information-processing proficiencies while understanding cultures and interdependencies should involve immersion experiences rather than merely lectures. Examples
Global Citizens
include study abroad; on-campus, simulated cross-cultural or cross-linguistic collaborative course projects; regional, in-state, in-country, or international service-learning experiences; undergraduate, graduate, and faculty research collaborations focusing on local
and global problems; and the use of new technologies (see eCAMPUS infrastructure
above) for international course project collaborations. Key elements for these learning
experiences should include the ability to discuss global and local differences, and global
and local interdependency. Faculty, staff, and students must be able to engage in effective communication with others different from themselves (different language, different
culture, different values, knowledge, and opportunities) while working on significant
issues and problems.
With regard to study abroad, surveys of incoming freshmen indicate that 50 percent
hope for study abroad experience during college, yet less than 20 percent ultimately
participate in this learning experience. One important recommendation is that all
departments and divisions of UW–Madison should minimize or eliminate barriers to
study abroad due to curricula or other constraints so that every student interested in
enhanced global understanding is able to fulfill their desire for important global learning
experiences.
• M
aximizing opportunities and eliminating barriers for acquiring language proficiency
UW–Madison has the capacity to offer through the academic year or summer institutes
more than eighty “ancient and modern” languages to undergraduate and graduate
students. Approximately one-quarter of the students at the university afford themselves of the opportunity to study one or more languages. However, the majority of
UW–Madison undergraduate and graduate students do not pursue additional language
study while at the university. To prepare global citizens and leaders of the twenty-first
century, UW–Madison should enable many more of its students to become multilingual.
We recommend allowing students to use language courses to satisfy breadth requirements, and making language study more flexible through the use of technology.
• Hosting a Grand Event
A particularly powerful method to stimulate innovation, nurture enthusiasm, and showcase important ideas and value is to host a Grand Event. This is envisioned to be a highvisibility exposition with a global grand-challenge theme that combines opportunities
for serious discussions of global issues with celebrations of global diversity as expressed
in languages, literature, arts, cuisine, culture, politics, even approaches to technology.
Maximum participation around and across the state would be facilitated by extensive
use of the high-bandwidth Internet network that was made fully accessible to all UW
System campuses in 2008. Experts and perspectives from around the country and
around the world would be included, again by this opportunity for virtual partnering.
This event could be coordinated with other events in 2012, such as the centennial celebration of the Wisconsin Idea, or become a more regular event, once the eCAMPUS
initiative is put into place.
• Educating for global information literacy
We recommend that current instruction programs in information literacy be upgraded
to specifically prepare learners to address unique challenges posed by an increasingly
global information environment and world. In addition, we must adequately invest in
information storage and retrieval resources needed for solving problems in a twentyfirst-century global society.
• F
acilitating students, schools, and colleges to use portfolios for selfassessment of their preparation for global citizenship and leadership
Students should be encouraged to develop portfolios that will allow them to demonstrate
to themselves ways in which they have acquired global education through coursework,
service learning, and other immersion experiences at UW–Madison. Portfolios should be
encouraged within each college and school and major in ways that are individualized
and highlight a student’s own ability to reflect critically on his or her learning.
183
184
Global Citizens
• E
ncouraging and supporting administrative, faculty, staff, and graduate student education for global citizenship and leadership
UW–Madison already offers numerous opportunities for global citizenship and leadership education. However, current efforts must be scaled up, researched for effectiveness,
and sustained when appropriate. Effective implementation will require that campus educators and leaders (administrators, faculty, staff, and graduate students) have adequate
incentives, support, and training to engage in and do research on new forms of education that are critical to our vision of preparing global leaders in the future. Reducing barriers, highlighting best practices, and providing opportunities for excellence in research
and teaching related to global issues will be necessary.
• E
nvisioning and promoting the preparation of global citizens and
leaders for returning students, alumni, and other members of the
state community
As the flagship campus of the University of Wisconsin System, we should partner with
the state and with state, national, and international alumni to prepare state residents for
global citizenship and leadership. Through partnerships with other state institutions, as
well as alumni, and with the enhanced use of eCAMPUS technologies, we will help more
state citizens to achieve higher education, and to remain prepared for active participation in an increasingly knowledge-based, interdependent world.
This vision and recommended implementation initiatives raise additional questions that
our study did not have adequate opportunity to address. Those questions include:
• W
hat are the best strategies for motivating all faculty and instructional staff to
participate and embrace this vision beyond a few of the “converted”? How can
we establish a cultural change in belief in the importance of these ideas and a
“buy-in” for moving these ideas forward in the next decade?
• W
hat might be strategies for expanding opportunities for global learning and
proficiencies acquisition by graduate students, given the significant constraints
they face associated with their financial support via assistantships and fellowships?
• H
ow might we better coordinate goals of developing global citizenship and leadership with K–12 schools?
• H
ow can we foster immersion-learning experiences through eCAMPUS experiences, service learning, internships, and research opportunities in the best ways
for undergraduates and graduate students, with limited financial resources?
• A
re there ways to encourage flexibility in relation to when students begin or end
school so that more cultural, international, and language-immersion experiences
might be included?
• G
iven the improved learning focus that comes with more mature mental and
social development in the early twenties, should UW–Madison actively encourage greater flexibility as to when students begin their undergraduate experience
or how they progress through their recommended educational experiences as
undergraduates, or even graduate students?
Global Citizens
II.Introduction and Background
A. A Changing World
This committee of the 2009 UW–Madison Reaccreditation project focused on preparing
global citizens and leaders for the future. The importance of this theme to different
university and external constituencies is related to a complex array of values and ideas,
as well as changes and developments in Wisconsin, in the United States, and around
the globe. These include: preparing for the global marketplace and ongoing changes in
economic, environmental, and global security; recognition of global interdependencies
and shortages in natural resources; major demographic changes in the United States
and around the globe requiring increased focus on world poverty and inequalities in the
availability, control of, and use of natural resources; changes in diversity influenced by
transnational migration (both increased cultural heterogeneity in regions and nations
and loss of indigenous world languages and cultures); rapid changes in the production,
use, and communication of knowledge, as well as artistic and visual media production
that require critical information literacy skills and training in new technologies; continual
excellence in our education in math, sciences, computers, engineering, art, humanities, and information literacy studies; recognition of the importance of both disciplinary
and interdisciplinary knowledge; an education that recognizes interdependencies and
relationships that exist between UW–Madison, the state of Wisconsin, the United States,
and the world, as well as the complex histories and power relations that are part of local,
state, national, and global relations; an education that requires recognition that both
competition and cooperation are inherent and necessary to thriving as citizens of the
state, nation, and global community; and, last but not least, explicit acknowledgement
that the Wisconsin Idea4 includes education, research, and training that reaches to the
borders of the state, and also to the borders of the nation and the globe.
B. UW–Madison Leadership in Global Preparation
As the committee began its work, we identified UW–Madison as already a leader in
global education. Some indicators of current leadership include:
• T
he International Institute leads the nation in having ten Title VI-funded international and area studies. Its sixteen member programs cover every world region.5
• U
W–Madison is an active founding member of the Worldwide Universities Network (WUN), a consortium of international universities that has developed conferences and research collaborations on numerous critical global topics.6
• U
W–Madison computer scientists and campus leaders have been instrumental
in partnering with other universities in the development of the Internet and
Internet II.
Criterion 4b
Criterion 2a
• U
W–Madison alumni are first or second in the nation year after year in the number of graduates participating in the Peace Corps.
• U
W–Madison is home to eleven departments of language, has the capacity to
teach eighty “modern and ancient” languages, and is the home of the UW–
Madison Language Institute, the National Council of Less Commonly Taught
Languages, and the federally funded National African Language Resource Center. In 2007–08, 9,463 students at UW–Madison enrolled in first- or secondyear language courses; about 20 percent of students were involved in world
languages.7
• S
tudents at UW–Madison can apply to more than one hundred study-abroad
programs in every continent of the world except Antarctica. Nearly 20 percent8
(1,846) of undergraduates and graduate and professional school students participate in semester-long or year-long study abroad programs throughout the
world. Many undergraduate and graduate students participate in briefer, discipline-specific study abroad programs, courses, internships, or research projects
that involve international study and research.
Criterion 5c
Criterion 3c
Criterion 4c
185
186
Global Citizens
Criterion 3c
Criterion 4c
Criterion 4c
Criterion 2a
• U
ndergraduates can take multiple international or global studies majors in many
of the schools, colleges, departments, and divisions (e.g., international studies
major, international business major, international agricultural major), as well as
internationally focused master’s and Ph.D. programs with emphases on global,
area, international disciplinary and interdisciplinary research studies throughout
the world (e.g., Wisconsin and the Global Economy, Center for International Business Education and Research, Center for Global Health, UW–Madison’s Global
Studies Program, and the Visual Culture Program within the UW Arts Institute).
• International research circles and centers on critical global topics have been
developed to examine important issues as collaborations among faculty and
upper-level undergraduate and graduate students at UW–Madison. These are
often organized with support of the university’s International Institute, and/or
with other major universities in the United States and internationally.
• T
he university is the home to one of the largest number of international student
bodies in the United States.9 Its graduates, whether in this country or in other
nations, already are or will become global leaders in business, higher education,
medicine and public health, law, environmental studies, agricultural and land
and environmental resources, engineering, science, and biotechnology.
C. Imagining the Future of Global Preparation
Criterion 4
Criterion 2a
Criterion 2a,d
UW–Madison is a leader in international and global education. However, our team
was charged with “imagining the future,” and not to be content with what we are
already doing. Reviews from other U.S. universities and colleges quickly establish that
UW–Madison is distinctive in its current leadership in international and global studies,
but that it is not unique in recognizing the importance of globalization. Presentations
in 2007–08 alone sponsored by the International Institute, the Wisconsin Center for the
Advancement of Postsecondary Education (WISCAPE), and the Worldwide Universities
Network (WUN) on the theme of “The Global Public University,” have suggested that
many major universities in the country, and the world, are focusing in a variety of ways
on increasing globalization in their university or college educational plans.10,11
Whereas the Institute for International Education12 suggests that not more than ten universities have more than 40 percent of their students engaging in study abroad experiences, some universities and colleges have announced goals for major increases in the
number of undergraduates who do study abroad. Princeton University has announced
that as many as 10 percent of its students are being encouraged to do international
service-learning projects or study abroad before entering the campus as freshmen.13
Some have and are developing physical (brick and mortar) branch campuses overseas
to provide new opportunities for higher education.14 In addition, the flow of information
is increasingly “open source” or “open access”; scientific journals, e-books, and coursework are now online, for purchase, or freely accessible. UW–Madison is participating
in an open-access network for journal publications, as well as in the Google Library
Project, which will put the majority of the library’s resources onto the Web. Through
MITOPENCOURSEWARE15 MIT is providing free online access to all archival learning
material associated with all of its 1,800 university courses (course syllabi, lecture notes,
videos, etc.) to anyone in the world.
In summary, rapid and dramatic changes in technology, and new economic, political,
educational, and cultural opportunities are requiring and stimulating equally dramatic
changes in higher education.
D. The State of Wisconsin in Partnership with the University
Criterion 5
Our committee members acknowledged the resources, and the trust, that the state of
Wisconsin placed in its university to be a partner in advancing and sustaining the welfare
of the state’s citizens, as well as all the citizens of the globe. We further understood the
responsibility to partner with system campuses, and other educational institutions and
constituencies, to develop plans that ensure the welfare of today’s citizens while sustaining the physical, cultural, and economic health of future state, national, and global
Global Citizens
187
citizens. We, therefore, examined trends in public financing for higher education in and
out of the state of Wisconsin, resources that are available to us beyond money, and the
implications these ideas and trends had for our vision for preparing global citizens and
leaders for the coming decades in the state of Wisconsin.
Higher-education instructional budgets at major research public universities are being
squeezed between market competition pressures on salaries for excellent faculty and
staff members, traditions of maintaining comprehensive expertise and facilities on each
campus, and growing limits on states’ abilities to allocate more tax revenues to their
public universities. Wisconsin is no exception, and the situation is exacerbated by the
fact that Wisconsin and other states in the Great Lakes region lag other states in transitioning from a contracting, labor-based, manufacturing economy to a growing, twentyfirst-century, knowledge-based economy.16 This transformation is impossible without a
broad and comprehensive, higher-education capability within the state. Therefore, it is
crucial that UW–Madison and the UW System work with the state and come to agreement on strategies to realize a world-class educational capacity for preparing global
citizens and leaders within constraints imposed by local demographic and economic
realities. It is highly unlikely that any one strategy will suffice. Instead, it will require a
combination of new approaches to funding, infrastructural planning and stewardship,
and human resource partnerships.
Wisconsin’s economy and education face a crossroads. We have the opportunity to transform from historical reliance on a heavy manufacturing/labor economy into a thriving
twenty-first-century, knowledge/high-tech/service economy. Or, if we do nothing, we
risk significant economic contraction.
Keys to achieving the bright future option include (1) increasing the percentage of population with post-high-school education; (2) promoting the growth of small businesses
in the knowledge-economy sectors (high-tech, services) to provide incentives for creative, energetic, and entrepreneurial, well-educated young adults to reside in Wisconsin;
and (3) nurturing new markets for Wisconsin (and regional) commercial exports.
Crucial state and regional goals include providing students and citizens of Wisconsin
with global understanding and professional skills gained in higher education (fouryear, two-year or technical degrees aimed at higher-paying jobs), and recruiting, educating, and making welcome bright students and visitors from the nation and the
world. Citizens who stay in or adopt Wisconsin as their state of residence after higher
education will remain active alumni and partners. Alumni who leave the state for
employment or residence in other states or countries can also be considered partners
in future efforts to build collaborative solutions to important state, regional, national,
and global problems.
“As a public university, UW–Madison
has a responsibility to share its
knowledge base and resources with
citizens locally, regionally, nationally,
and internationally. Access is crucial,
[and] has implications for faculty
control of intellectual property rights
as well as delivery of knowledge/
research to the public (open access
libraries). Within the State of Wisconsin, a balance needs to be struck
between local and global publics.
Knowledge is produced within an
international network of scholars;
students need to be introduced to
this international dimension early in
their studies, and the international
dimension has to show a return to
the State.”
UW–Madison faculty
For all the above reasons, it is imperative that UW–Madison adopt an aggressive and
coordinated effort to ensure that every student, faculty member, and staff member on
campus is “prepared for global citizenship and leadership.” Furthermore, consistent with
the Wisconsin Idea, UW–Madison must take every opportunity, through partnerships,
to ensure the same important learning opportunities are shared as broadly as possible
across the entire state, as well as in the nation, and around the globe.
This team was charged with assessing where we are now, and to envision where we
should go in the next decade in order to achieve these objectives. In our report, we
elaborate the ideal attributes of global citizens and leaders, based upon the discussion
above, current scholarship, and the priorities established during group discussions.
We describe the attributes necessary tolay the foundation from which metrics should
be developed for continuous assessment of our efforts to prepare global citizens and
leaders. We outline a decade-long vision, including proposed strategies, for fulfilling our
responsibility to Wisconsin, as well as our potential for national and global leadership
in this area. The envisioned implementation strategies are perceived to be particularly
appropriate approaches at UW–Madison, consistent with existing resources, traditions,
experience, and opportunities. In addition we list questions for the external site-visit
team that emerged from our team’s self-study. Finally, an electronic version of this
report17 includes full copies of all subcommittee reports, including extensive inventories
Criterion 4c
188
Global Citizens
of current programs on campus for undergraduate students, graduate students, faculty,
and staff that address preparation for global citizenship and leadership.
E. Characteristics of Global Citizens and Leaders
Based upon extensive discussions and analyses of other research and documents,18 both
within our team and in coordination with the UW–Madison Global Competence Task
Force,19 the following characteristics were identified by the our committee of faculty,
staff, students, and alumni of the UW–Madison reaccreditation project as the attributes
we expect in a globally prepared citizen at UW–Madison.
Criterion 4c
1. C
ritical thinking and action—acts on informed decision-making on local and
global issues; asks questions to better understand the cultural, political, economic
contexts impacting all sides of issues, and works in collaboration with others.
2. Intercultural competence and sensibility—respects all cultures, communicates
with diverse audiences across cultures and languages; understands religious, ethnic,
and other customs that shape the opinions and actions of others from backgrounds
different from one’s own.
3.Economic competitiveness and the ability to thrive—ethical and effective work
in the global marketplace; ability to balance free–market opportunities with an
understanding of global interdependency,
4.Understand and act upon interdependency between local and global communities—understands interdependency, respects and recognizes global relationships,
sees the link between global and local issues, and respects the importance of each.
5.Ethical and socially responsible—measures conduct of individuals and governments by effect on others, seeks win-win opportunities, demonstrates honesty and
fairness, recognizes unequal distribution of resources, engages in public service to
make the world a safer and better place.
6.Open and adaptive to change—learns from others’ ideas, knowledge, practices,
and systems; views issues from different perspectives; shares best practices; accepts
change as inherent to a globalized world.
7.Ability to appreciate and guide sustainability and the use of the earth’s
resources without harming future use—recognizes impact of shrinking resources;
understands a responsibility for ethical resource stewardship; pursues sustainable,
win-win economic strategies; incorporates limitations and constraints in long-range
planning.
8.Solid foundation of personal characteristics, qualities, and behaviors—demonstrates broad cultural literacy and confidence in multicultural situations; exhibits a
desire for lifelong learning; demonstrates respect, humility, and tolerance toward
others; educates self on global cultures, beliefs, and religions as needed; assesses
accurately one’s own inner resources, abilities, and limits.
Global leaders have the qualities of global citizens as well as leadership attributes.20
Global leaders adapt and comfortably incorporate evolving technologies, tempered
by a consideration of local culture and infrastructure and ethical resource stewardship.
Global leaders demonstrate multicultural perspectives, distinguishing themselves as students of human behavior and transcending their own culture. They can formulate and
articulate long-range visions that can be understood and inspire others from multiple
cultures. Global leaders build consensus and enable group actions spanning cultures
by appreciating the importance of listening, timing, diplomacy, balance, pragmatism,
self-awareness of personal shortcomings, continuous learning, and a strong sense of
responsibility for the outcomes.
Global Citizens
III. Vision
A. The Campus in 2020
The committee identified the following transformation of attitudes and expectations
to define how the campus would look different in the next decade if it was successfully
preparing global citizens and leaders for the future.
1. Campus cultural change so that global education is expected and
celebrated
The campus at large should emphasize that global competence requires global proficiencies in many areas, and is an expectation of education at UW–Madison. This was
identified as the top “vision” from our team—an indication that, despite our achievements to date, we believe that a significant visual, verbal, and active commitment will
be needed to back up our proposed efforts and ideas.
The committee agreed that a campus cultural change was needed so that all student,
faculty, and staff members on campus recognize their own part in “thinking globally, and
acting locally.” Mahatma Gandhi stated, “Be the change you want to see in the world.”
The use of these ideas and quotations is not meant to be superficial, nor to suggest an
undue reliance on the individual for action, but to stress that we, as a campus community, must lead change at local (individual, school/college, campus, state), national, and
global levels.
Given UW–Madison’s strong shared-governance traditions, the committee further concluded that the proposed campus culture change must be accomplished through grassroots buy-in from faculty, staff, and students. Consequently, incentives and removal
of barriers must be emphasized over top-down mandates. It will also be necessary to
infuse the conversations and campus culture with the understanding and expectation
that a commitment to this preparation is taken seriously, is expected, and is not optional
if we intend to meet our obligations to our students and our state. Therefore, it is recommended that both general and specific statements of our commitment to global
preparation be inserted into key and visible places and documents around campus.
Examples include:
Criterion 1d
• Inserting explicitly worded commitments to global preparation into campus mission statements and strategic planning documents.
• Inserting explicitly worded commitments to global preparation into mission
statements and strategic plans of each college, school, or division.
• M
aking sure that general education guidelines documents (General Education
Requirements, Essential Learning Outcomes) explicitly embed a priority on the
acquisition of global proficiencies and experiences.
• Innovating various new traditions that visibly celebrate global preparation while
communicating to all campus members the expectation that this is expected and
valued. Just one example (of an infinite set of possible strategies) is to provide
vibrantly colored hoods for students at graduation who have accomplished a
meaningful study abroad or global immersion experience.
• E
stablishing and/or supporting a webmaster who organizes and advertises opportunities for global learning and impact through a single “clearinghouse” Web site
location for easy access and navigation.
2. Strategic partnering
The committee’s vision was that pursuit of strategic partnerships should be the instinctive
first response across campus to the challenges of preparing global citizens and leaders,
rather than attempting to do it all by ourselves. That is, to eschew isolation in favor of
collaborations. Such collaborations can be powerfully effective by leveraging diverse
knowledge and expertise that cross the boundaries of departments, divisions, institutions, the state of Wisconsin, other states in the Great Lakes region, the Committee
on Institutional Cooperation (CIC),21 peer institutions, and countries around the globe.
Criterion 3a
Criterion 4c
189
190
Global Citizens
Criterion 2a
Criterion 5c
Criterion 5c
Strategic partnering should be used to improve access to UW–Madison around the
state for particular coursework given at UW–Madison, other UW System campuses, or
other regional (e.g., CIC) institutions. Given resources, strategic partnering can be used
to offer coursework to some students for very selective, yet important needs at both
the undergraduate and graduate level. Of course, we wish UW–Madison to remain the
major research campus that it is. However, using and respecting resources available at
“partner” institutions around the state and the CIC (or elsewhere), we can enhance
our ability to provide deep education in areas of student need in ways that we are
not now always able to do. This requires a different attitude toward partnerships and
collaborations rather than a “we can do it alone” perspective that inevitably encounters realistic resource limits and thus fails to allow access for many to information and
degrees. Finally, strategic partnerships can enhance the diversity of conversations in our
classrooms in ways that other strategies thus far have not. Students can take approved
courses at other campuses as parts of their majors throughout the state22 and the CIC.
(This can happen now but it is an option too infrequently used.) Students from other
campuses can take some of the courses offered by UW–Madison on site, or through
our proposed eCAMPUS linkages. More discussion of these ideas will be part of our
eCAMPUS strategy below.
3. Recognition of the power and value of many ways to celebrate
diversity
Criterion 1b
Criterion 4b,c
We believe that intercultural competence and the recognition of the value of diverse
cultures, identities, and backgrounds is part of skills, knowledge, and values required
for global citizenship and leadership. Intercultural competence embodies a respect for
and value of diverse cultures and the complex affiliations people have to their “home”
cultural identities as well as to others around the world. UW–Madison derives strength
from the diverse groups represented in its staff and student body with different histories,
regional and group affiliations, and diverse experiences in the United States and around
the globe. We expect all members of the UW–Madison community to recognize and
respect different knowledge systems and value understanding different cultures and
languages both here and around the world. We also recognize the value of breadth
and depth in education that allows for critical and ethical reflection about our knowledge about self and others, about the conceptions of diversity itself. Our vision includes
recognizing historical privileges, and the histories of inequalities in wealth and natural
resources in our state, in our country, and around the world. We want to foster a nonsuperficial examination of diverse cultural and national or regional relations and interdependencies as part of acknowledging effects of power relations in both reasoning and
actions that appear inclusive, but too often exclude.
Global Citizens
4. Global proficiencies for all
Despite the major achievements and many programs currently present at UW–Madison,
the team found that only fractions of faculty, staff, students, or administrators are participating in many international opportunities. As part of our effort to “scale up” our efforts,
we recognized the importance of cultural and language studies that encourage immersion in our own community and state, as well as outside the country. The proficiencies
we identified, therefore, can be enhanced through both local and international education, research, and service activities, with formal coursework and participation in global
research partnerships, and with attention to the rich diversity of languages and cultures,
strengths, and knowledge systems in our own state and region, in other nations and
regions of the world.
Criterion 3a
Criterion 4c
With these ideas in mind, we tried to identify programs and efforts with “scale up”
potential along with strategies for accomplishing an expansion into broad participation
across the entire campus. The list of characteristics of global citizens and leaders mentioned above were the principal focus of our attention toward knowledge, skills, values,
and dispositions that should be enhanced. Critical global proficiencies that were particular targets in our discussion focused on outcomes related to greater world cultural
knowledge; enhanced language and global information literacy skills; greater attention
toward the importance of interdisciplinary knowledge across the humanities, liberal
arts, and sciences for both global citizenship and leadership; and, finally, on the need
for enhanced skills for everyone in technology, engineering, science, and mathematics
areas.
B. Proposed Strategies for Implementation
1. eCAMPUS: the twenty-first century agile campus architecture for
learning, research, and partnering
Universities are ideal places for innovating new ideas and envisioning and disseminating
new ways of thinking. Of particular importance to preparing citizens and leaders for
the highly interdependent, twenty-first-century globe, universities, which house a comprehensive array of diverse human expertise and knowledge resources, are ideal places
to develop interdisciplinary responses to complex global challenges. In addition to the
diverse pool of human experts, however, productive interdisciplinary collaborations for
education and research require abundant space and opportunities for frequent spontaneous and formal organized gatherings of collaborating partners. The conventional
response has been to construct physical spaces with architectural features that facilitate
or even promote intentional aspects of the interactions. Examples in global education
include construction of satellite campuses of American or European universities in globally remote locations. Similar to a trend aggressively pursued by some UK universities,
Georgetown and Texas A&M Universities have set up full-fledged, four-year-degree satellite institutions in Qatar, with classes taught by visiting or relocated faculty. Michigan
State University opened an international campus in Dubai in 2008, and Cornell University
has erected a medical school in Qatar complemented by a research hospital with an $8
billion endowment. In 2006, Carnegie Mellon opened a satellite campus offering master’s degrees in public policy or information technology in Adelaide, Australia.
The challenges for this type of large-scale, bricks-and-mortar response as a way of
supporting interdisciplinary, global-impact collaborations in the twenty-first century
include:
• T
he pace of change is becoming very rapid, while the timescale to implement
new large physical space construction requires years, sometimes decades.
• T
here will be an ever-growing array of complex global problems whose solutions will require an equally large number of constantly evolving partnerships of
knowledge and expertise.
• T
he financial, raw materials, energy, and “carbon footprint” cost of new bricks
and mortar is increasing. It has become impossible to accommodate every
deserving initiative. Moreover, a distant satellite campus is a “huge and risky
Criterion 4a
191
192
Global Citizens
commitment.”23 Of course, once a building has been custom-designed for one
purpose, it is not easily reconfigured for alternative uses.
• F or global initiatives, where the needed expertise is spread worldwide, collaborations reliant on physical proximity will encounter rising costs and logistical constraints on the spontaneous physical relocation of globally dispersed partners.
To address the need for collaborative educational and research “meeting spaces” in the
twenty-first century, a new, nimble, reconfigurable architectural approach is needed.
We propose the concept of an eCAMPUS. In many ways, the eCAMPUS paradigm is
analogous to the transformation of university computing facilities from centralized
mainframe computers to distributed microcomputer networks. With an eCAMPUS solution, individual rooms in an array of strategically located buildings would be refurbished
and equipped with twenty-first-century, high-bandwidth, digital connectivity and teleconferencing capabilities. These separate rooms, when needed, would be linked to a
“virtual” large room when occasion required. Alternatively, clusters of two or three rooms
could be linked for smaller-capacity needs. The 10 GB bandwidth Internet2 backbone
linking UW–Madison to other CIC institutions and the BOREAS-Net project24 linking
UW–Madison to Minnesota, Iowa, and Iowa State universities, as well as Kansas City and
Chicago (which is a-high bandwidth gateway to the globe), provides us with tremendous latent capacity for high-quality, “just-like-being-there” video linkages. Moreover,
the BOREAS-Net leg from Minnesota is being extended into a 10 GB fiber ring in the
state that will provide a digital superhighway linkage between the UW System campuses. Thus, we could conduct regular systemwide workshops on global preparation
or even share classrooms with our talented instructional partners around the state. We
could implement a uniquely UW–Madison version of the global satellite campus trend
by bringing the partnering institutions to Madison, but doing it virtually (which, in fact,
is a symmetrical experience on both ends of the partnership). Meanwhile, this same
infrastructure would be available for research and meeting purposes. This has the added
benefit of increasing physical access, enabling full participation by those who have difficulty getting across campus quickly (e.g., during harsh weather, or simply because
of the expansive size of the campus). UW–Madison now has backbone capacity for
virtual video e-collaborations with partners across the campus and the state, throughout
the Great Lakes region, across the nation, and to many places around the globe. This
powerful bandwidth resource will be grossly underutilized and, thus, wasted, without
aggressive commensurate investment in on-campus connectivity upgrades along the
lines of the eCAMPUS.
The potential for research impact is one of the driving forces for the installation of this
capacity. However, the potential for education that prepares global citizens and leaders
is novel and exciting, but brings special needs if we are to maximize the payoff for installation of the high-bandwidth fiber-optic links.
Criterion 2b
Criterion 3d
One exciting vision includes smaller classrooms that are configured like an IMAX theater.
In one quadrant of the room, students are physically present. Projected on segments of
the rest of the wall are images from remote rooms, where other students are sitting. An
image of the instructor is projected onto a column in the middle of the classrooms, or, in
more sophisticated cases, illuminated as a hologram. The video-linked classrooms function like a single lecture hall, including dialogues and discussions among the instructor
and all students. Until recently, very high-quality video teleconferencing was realistic
only between two sites, because the electronic boxes that mediated between three
or more sites—the routers and associated software—were unable to provide adequate
speed and bandwidth for high-quality videoconferencing between three or more simultaneous sites. Now, however, that last major technological hurdle has been solved, as
illustrated by commercial product examples such as Cisco’s Telepresence®25,26. To date,
the products have been designed for a corporate boardroom configuration. The corporate boardroom configuration would work perfectly for higher-level, lower-enrollment
courses. However, it would be an incredibly exciting adventure, and an opportunity
for higher educational leadership, to partner with technology companies to develop
and beta-test innovative, larger-classroom extrapolations of the technology. Successful
realization of this concept would eliminate the need for constructing large, special-pur-
Global Citizens
193
pose auditoriums, replacing them with smaller, more uniform, multipurpose, and agile
learning spaces. Note that the technology products are compatible with asymmetric
capabilities on the two ends. Thus, with the high-end products installed at UW–Madison
as a host institution, participants from around the globe can partner with partial functionality even if all they can afford are laptop computers with webcams. In fact, along
with the new classroom architectures, we should install hardware and software that
enables instant, intimate, multi-participant videoconferencing from offices, campus
network terminals, or in-the-field terminals for collaborative learning.
To be fully successful, the eCAMPUS would include features such as:
• Visually perfect video quality, like “being there.”
• No extra charges to the instructional staff wanting to use the facilities.
• Easy to use as a telephone; not having to think about it.
• U
sers exploit the technology not only for the visually intimate experience, but for
collaborative learning projects in which students (and instructors) gain firsthand
understanding of interdependency.
• A
bility to join two or more classrooms across campus (to allow partnerships and
cross-course content integration in traditionally distinct courses).
• A
bility to link two or more classrooms on common subjects from across the state,
the nation, or the globe.
“Globalization is in just about every
sector of the economy, government,
and society. As Western students, we
are taught U.S. and Western history
ad nauseum, but we lack a basic
understanding of why groups in Iraq
are fighting, and how and why Taiwan is linked to China, for example.
These issues and others like them are
starting to affect our daily lives and
will continue to do so.“
UW–Madison student
• A
flexible approach to timetable management to accommodate time zone differences between physically remote, participating sites.
• Agile, reconfigurable architecture.
• A
bility to provide more private meeting spaces (e.g., using wireless headsets) for
spontaneous “virtual hallway” conversations that are a vital, creative, interactive
element of formally organized, productive workshop experiences.
• F inancially sustainable mechanisms (e.g., partnering with knowledge media providers such as Wisconsin Public Radio27) to digitally record and archive speeches, seminars or classroom dialogues, and other orally transmitted knowledge
from experts around the world that is not otherwise available from other media
­sources.
Some of the challenges to address in realizing this vision include:
• A
chieving the culture change among both planners and users to embrace infrastructure development based upon the twenty-first-century eCAMPUS paradigm,
rather than the less agile, more expensive, and more risky “bricks and mortar”
paradigm.
• A
dopting flexible timetable strategies that maximize usage of the infrastructure
and accommodate time zone differences.
• D
eveloping adequate resources to achieve the “easy-to-use-as-the-telephone”
feature. The eCAMPUS vision is unlikely to realize its full potential for benefits
without financial development from individual and corporate donors. At the
same time, in addition to initial capital investments, a critical component of such
development must include endowment for maintenance (regular upgrades) and
support staff to minimize user stress, to make this exciting, relatively easy, low
in cost after initial investments, and continually high quality due to availability
of highly trained technical assistance. Thus, legacy gifts for individual eCAMPUS rooms that become integrated into the eCAMPUS should be structured to
include capital investments for both hardware and software systems as well as
future upgrades and support personnel.
• C
reating the incentive for faculty and staff to use the eCAMPUS will require
strong support of existing educational and research information (IT) practices
and encouragement to explore new growth and to build-in sustainability. Strong
support for existing educational and research IT practices also helps faculty to
make the transition to bigger ideas, like the eCAMPUS.
Criterion 5b
194
Global Citizens
2. Deliberate instruction for knowledge integration
Criterion 3a
Criterion 4b
The model upon which most of our current curricula, courses, and academic calendar
was based evolved during, or even before, the twentieth century. An underlying assumption is that after taking separate courses from a broad diversity of topics such as science,
mathematics, communication arts, economics, literature, are history, among others,
the student will spontaneously and naturally synthesize the individual skills or ways of
thinking into an organic whole. In fact, there is plenty of anecdotal evidence to suggest
that many of these individual skills remain compartmentalized in their use and application. It is not correct to assume that all students intentionally apply quantitative reasoning in the midst of a class discussing social or human conditions. Many students will
not intuitively grasp the importance of understanding culture or historical methods in a
class learning economics, engineering, or environmental science. One of the barriers to
spontaneous synthesis of knowledge learned in semester-long and topically segregated
courses is physiological. Neuropsychology research has revealed that the brains of most
young adults are experiencing tremendous physiological development and transformation through their early twenties. Thus, there are fundamental reasons why many undergraduate students may not, without facilitation, make the linkages between seemingly
separate academic subjects and apply them to thinking about global circumstances and
issues. However, this also presents an opportunity.
Two of many possible examples that illustrate important integrated thinking capabilities that globally prepared citizens and leaders should possess are how to make wise
choices about technology adoption and environmental sustainability. The former might
be called “engineering literacy” or “technology literacy” and the latter might be called
“sustainability literacy,” but neither is a skill that we can afford to leave as the sole
responsibility of a small percentage of experts among the population. The impact of
individual and community choices on technology adoption, resource consumption, and
sustainable living are profound and hard to reverse after avoidable poor choices have
become part of ingrained habits.
Criterion 3a
Criterion 4c
To adequately prepare global citizens and leaders for today and tomorrow’s highly technological and environmentally interdependent world must start with generally required
skills such as critical and creative thinking, written and oral communication, quantitative
literacy, information literacy, and teamwork and problem solving.28 But it will require
a synthesis of these and more. It will require understanding that good choices require
a fundamentally iterative form of critical thinking that goes beyond the constructively
skeptical and questioning attitudes that are conventionally regarded as “critical thinking
skills.” Engineers would refer to it as the “engineering method” (an analog to the scientific method), but it is a transdisciplinary, problem-solving protocol needed by all
global citizens for crafting productive responses to many choices made complex by our
local and global interdependencies. One must develop and accept the responsibility
to create, innovate, or propose a choice, then gather information, develop possible
solutions as alternatives or a prototype (a candidate solution), experiment or re-question, get answers to the questions, reexamine the solution, revise, and test out ideas in
research or study partnerships or internships with others (international agencies, businesses, nongovernmental organizations) (e.g., an example is how to deal with conflicts
between nations related to scarce resources and scientific innovation), attempt “trial
runs,” revise, etc. (e.g., in the case of using solar power for cell phones or computers,
global energy solutions, etc.).
Prepared global citizens must master enough quantitative literacy to evaluate their
choices or situations in terms of whether the “numbers balance.” They must understand and be able to manipulate rates and accumulations, and deal comfortably with
the statistics of probabilistic situations. They must be able to use critical informationliteracy skills to evaluate options. They must know cultural and linguistic knowledge to
understand complex historical, economic, political, and religious patterns. The metric
for competence and mastery should be achieving comfort in quantitatively and qualitatively analyzing things in everyday societal, community, or personal living contexts,
instead of giving up and saying “it’s too complicated; I can’t do math,” “I cannot
learn languages,” or “I don’t understand that culture.” The difficulty is that when one
acknowledges quantitative literacy, one admits to the responsibility to use it correctly
Global Citizens
and thoroughly, since there are real ramifications to the impact one’s choices has on
others, and ignorance no longer becomes an excuse.
With regard to both technology literacy and sustainability literacy, global citizens need
to acquire rudimentary understandings of how technology and ecology work, while
including complex cultural, economic, and historical considerations. This is not the
same as learning fundamentals of basic natural or social science, as examples. Most
technology (and ecology) works at a “system” level that is understandable but not
solely as an extrapolation of fundamental science concepts. This meta- or systems-level
understanding is something that every citizen making technology-adoption choices or
resource-consumption choices ought to know as part of a twenty-first-century liberal
education. Most important, technology and sustainability literacy are just two examples
of higher levels of understanding in which the correct choices must be framed consistent with all the constraints. It is a misperception by many (including experts in the
fields) that twenty-first-century engineering or environmental or human sciences are
specialized professions practiced alone in a cubical or out in the forest or in a contrived
laboratory. In fact, these are incredibly social professions because the adoption of a
technology or a sustainable practice does not achieve the desired or proper outcome
unless it respects all relevant constraints, drawn from knowledge and experience with
people. Some of the constraints are hard and immutable, such as physical laws, but
other equally critical constraints include economics, politics, laws, cultural practices and
traditions, language, history, and differentially available infrastructure.
Therefore, it is proposed that we reexamine and modify curricula across the entire campus
not only to achieve the learning of the essential fundamental skills of a liberal education, but also to direct their synthesis into higher-level analytical capabilities needed by
twenty-first-century global citizens. This would start with articulating some examples,
such as those described above, and make them explicit goals in the strategic educational
plans for every student. Recommended implementation strategies are to introduce this
type of synthesized learning into existing courses, i.e., cross-course content integration.
In a few instances it might be strategically effective to form cross-campus or cross-division collaboration courses (with one possibility being the introduction in early courses
taken by nearly 80 percent of undergraduates). In most cases, the objective would be
to introduce a single lecture here, or a couple of half-lectures there, where an exercise
of modeling engineering methods, technology knowledge, or sustainability literacy is
woven into the fabric of a language, history, economics, law, linguistics, marketing, education, communications, math, physics, or chemistry course, and vice versa. Thus, the
vision is that engineering or environmental science instructors engage in conversations
with colleagues in other fields (e.g., anthropology, cultural studies, arts and humanities,
education, global health and medicine, political science, history, economics, agriculture,
and law) to come up with anecdotes, exercises, half-lectures, or one-week modules that
deliberately begin to demonstrate the synthesis element of problem solving at an early
stage, and repeat (for effective learning) the practice throughout the entire curriculum.
Faculty from the humanities, business, economics, political science, law, and the arts,
would be similarly involved in the design of learning experiences that are collaboratively injected into engineering or environmental, or other science courses. Two separate courses, (e.g., an engineering and a humanities course) could design a common
semester project that would require the students to collaborate to achieve higher levels
of learning. Another approach is to encourage module course designs with intentional
content overlap that links the ideas and methods in what have traditionally been separated courses. Of course, there are some important barriers to address. One barrier
is persistent and pervasive: finding ways and spaces for instructional faculty and staff
to think reflectively about their teaching and hold creative, innovation discussions for
the collaborative nuggets, or redesigning courses into modular structures that would
enhance learning through cross-course content integration. One possible solution
might be to start with pilot projects and then archive the examples, large and small, in
an easily accessible place for others to copy, rather than reinvent vetted and effective
teaching ideas. A second challenge to address is how to motivate “buy-in” by as many
instructional faculty and staff as possible.
Criterion 3a
Criterion 4c
195
196
Global Citizens
3. Immersion learning
Criterion 4c
Criterion 5b
Criterion 2a
“The world is getting smaller and
Americans are losing their ability
to remain isolated and elite in the
world. I think it would be fantastic
to introduce retreats, workshops, or
other alternative learning experiences
(less intense and expensive than
studying abroad) to help grasp the
interconnectedness of the diversity
inhabiting our common globe.“
UW alumnus
The committee wanted to highlight the importance of problem-based experiences,
immersion, and interactive partnerships with others around real-life problems as part
of our approach to global preparation. While there is a long history of learning through
problem-based teaching in all fields and disciplines, it is important that we reemphasize
this strategy as part of global education. Thus, study abroad experiences, discussed
further below, would be one important form of immersion experience. Other immersion
experiences include service-learning opportunities promoted all over campus by the
Morgridge Center for Service Learning,29 which offers (for the current year) ninety separate courses or course experiences, such as Tessa Arenas’s course on “Crossing Borders—
Environmental Justice at the Texas-Mexican Border, or the Village Health project course
that global health students are taking in Ghana. The Morgridge Center also promotes
alternative spring break experiences that immerse students in projects in the United
States, such as working in homeless shelters or housing in New Orleans in the aftermath
of Hurricane Katrina. A new proposal emerging at UW–Madison will focus on international service-learning projects in different communities.30 Other proposals sponsored
by the Nelson Institute for Environmental Studies and led by Professor Herb Wang focus
on water resource use in New Orleans.
The concept of immersion in our committee was central to our discussions of another
key strategy discussed above—the eCAMPUS. We envisioned groups of students from
different parts of the state of Wisconsin, the CIC, the WUN, or in other strategically
selected universities around the world focusing together on global problems and solutions. We believe that when students talk with each other across geographical, linguistic,
and cultural borders, they gain irreplaceable insights into how to incorporate diverse
knowledge and perspectives to solve problems in real-world situations.
Our vision is to exploit eCAMPUS linkages to facilitate and encourage problem-centered, collaborative immersion experiences that complement class lectures, dialogue
(synchronous and asynchronous), readings, podcasts, or different media presentations.
Even in those classes structured for large lectures, new technologies allow for inviting
speakers from around the world to deliver video-linked lectures or engage students in
dialogue that stimulates new ways of thinking through both asynchronous and synchronous technologies. In addition, small seminars, honors courses, upper-level classes,
service-learning opportunities here and overseas, and community-based projects on-site
in Madison or in places around the world could be used to a greater extent than they
already are to foster intercultural competencies and research skills and knowledge. It is
through these hands-on experiences that students construct an intuitive understanding
of complexity and interrelationships between different factors that lead to undesirable
outcomes and that differentiate why there are generally no one-size-fits-all solutions to
global challenges.
a. Study abroad
Criterion 4c
The most obvious form of immersion learning that is important for global preparation is
meaningful study abroad. There is significant evidence of—and support for—studying
and doing research abroad for undergraduate and graduate students in virtually every
field and discipline of study at UW–Madison. Currently, 20 percent of UW–Madison
students (primarily undergraduate) study abroad through the nearly 100 programs
organized by the university; some others study abroad on their own, or through programs organized by other universities. Data from the academic year 2006–07 show that
there were 1,616 (1,738 including all other programs) UW–Madison students, primarily
juniors and seniors engaged in a study abroad experience.31 The majority of these students were female (1,123 female versus 493 male) and Caucasian (1,434 out of the total
1,616). Major fields of study in which students engaged in study abroad were business
and management (155), foreign languages (195; there were no further breakdowns by
language), the humanities (100), social sciences (363), and physical and life sciences
(147). Programs with nearly 100 students abroad included engineering (90) and fine or
applied arts (85). Most other programs had closer to 50 students abroad in 2005–06.32
Global Citizens
197
After a review of the above data, along with data on outcomes related to study abroad
(see sub-committee report in electronic appendix33), the committee recommends
increasing study abroad experiences for students. In the next decade we seek increased
participation in study abroad such that every student expressing interest as a freshman in
study abroad has the opportunity to participate in this type of learning at some point in
the college experience. Based upon a recent survey,34 this would translate to a minimum
participation of 50 percent of our undergraduates in study abroad.
We understand that financial resources, time limits to degree programs, and major curriculum requirements are important factors in students’ ability to participate in study
abroad experiences. Therefore, we offer several suggestions:
•
ach college, school, and division should set study abroad as a priority for its stuE
dents, and develop a study of constraints or barriers students face and incentives
needed to expand study abroad learning opportunities. Each academic division
should develop a plan of action to encourage students, faculty, and staff to mitigate
or eliminate the barriers and implement the incentives as broadly as possible.
•
W–Madison should find ways to make studying abroad more affordable, given
U
that students often have to give up jobs and lodging to participate. A study of these
factors should be conducted on ways to overcome or reduce financial barriers for
students, such as scholarships, reduced tuition, housing, travel, or lower institutional fees.
•
enefactors, including businesses that would benefit from international interns, or
B
donors who believe that studying abroad is of great benefit for global citizenship
and leadership, should be sought by the university administration in conjunction
with the Wisconsin Alumni Association (WAA) or the UW Foundation.
•
Faculty and instructional staff course loads should be made more flexible in terms
of timing and location of courses such that short-term immersion or study abroad
learning experiences could be encouraged and, wherever possible, included as
regular parts of academic course loads. Examples might include winter break, intercession, or summer courses overseas that immerse students in coursework under
faculty direction, with readings and problem-based experiences.
•
International service-learning courses of 1–3 credits can be offered for students at all
levels, including freshmen through graduate students. Students might be encouraged to do study abroad in a supervised experience before starting their coursework at Madison or to consider study abroad as a break between high school and
college. Alternatively, they could be encouraged to take study abroad as their last
educational experience at UW–Madison, once coursework is complete, and before
beginning employment or further graduate school.
•
Our large international student population, as well as our large international alumni
community could be drawn on to develop unpaid and paid internships, or to
supervise students’ international studies, especially alumni who teach in colleges
or universities throughout the world. Colleges or schools that have or are currently
developing sections of required UW–Madison core courses taken for full credit at
international campuses (e.g., business, engineering) could partner with willing
UW–Madison graduate students from those countries to serve both as course TAs
and as hosts to the students taking those courses and visiting those countries for the
first time.35
b. Languages
Strong preparation in one or more languages other than one’s native language is an
important goal for preparing global citizens and global leaders. World languages not
only serve as invaluable means of communication, but also represent crucial repositories of cultural values, customs, and assumptions. We believe that global expertise and
leadership is enhanced by the the development of multilinguistic skills. In support of this
objective, UW–Madison should maintain its historical excellence and breadth in world
languages (80 modern and ancient languages). However, as we move to strengthen the
number of students with proficiency (reading, writing, speaking), fluency, or competence
“More than ever, it is necessary for
people to be equipped to succeed in
a global community. Language is the
key to this success. By the time a person completes university they should
be fluent in at least one other language besides their native language.
Furthermore, there should be a
requirement to study abroad or have
international internships. In every
walk of life—whether medicine, political science, law, education, business,
communication, etc.—language and
communication skills are pivotal.”
UW–Madison student
198
Global Citizens
in languages other than their native language, we do not recommend adding additional
requirements onto existing programs. We recommend (1) that barriers be removed
for greater language study at UW–Madison, (2) that we provide encouragement and
incentives for students to achieve proficiency and fluency in multiple languages, and
(3) that we think creatively about the way language instruction and language learning
is delivered and occurs.
Criterion 4c
Currently the locus of language teaching is spread across many departments and programs. The ten federally funded Title VI programs, housed in the International Institute,
bring depth by offering language courses that are not commonly taught and often
have lower enrollments than other languages. The new Language Institute serves as
a portal for finding where languages are taught on campus, and it also houses the
interdisciplinary doctoral program in second language acquisition (SLA), which provides
research-related coursework. All these entities—language and literature departments
and related programs, the Language Institute, and the SLA program—face resource
challenges that must be addressed in order to sustain these campus resources for language learning in the next decade, and beyond, at UW–Madison.
More could be done to allow students to integrate language study into undergraduate
and graduate programs. Language courses are not recognized either as humanities or
social science credits in the university’s breadth requirement. This implies that language
courses do not have cultural content, and are merely a tool for communication. This
(lack of) curriculum status is not accurate given that the language courses include linguistics content, which is a fundamental gateway into understanding other cultures.
It also serves as a disincentive for undergraduate students to continue language study
toward higher proficiency, or to learn additional languages within many desired majors.
We recommend, therefore, that there be greater flexibility in how students can meet
the breadth requirements. Specifically, we recommend that up to two semesters of
language study be recognized as one option to fulfill the humanities or social science
credits in undergraduate breadth requirements. We recommend that many students
be encouraged to incorporate language study while at UW–Madison as part of their
portfolio of global proficiencies, and that majors across the campus examine their curriculum to look for ways to provide students with time to elect language study. In addition,
options for language-related service-learning in Madison, the state, and beyond should
be explored as ways to integrate different approaches to learning through immersion
with increasing proficiency in multiple languages.
Currently proficiency in languages is measured by grades received and credits taken. We
recommend that students have the opportunity to certify language proficiency. These
certifications should be included as part of a student’s global proficiency portfolio. While
proficiency examinations require extra payment by students, they are worthwhile as
documentation on resumes for future employers, and are recommended for this reason
as well as self-assessment of learning. While many students can afford certification,
financial assistance should be targeted toward economically disadvantaged students.
Certification programs or minors can also be developed in more languages, allowing
some students to complete their majors with a minor that will add to their global competence and support their ability to do internships, study, or research abroad. Certifications
and minors should be available to graduate as well as undergraduate students.
New ways to deliver coursework in languages should also be utilized. For some students
in some majors, the five-times-per-week, fifty-minute sessions required in many language courses are a prohibitive deterrent. Short-term immersion programs, including
service-learning-related courses in local and state communities may increase language
proficiency while students are also doing service and learning (service learning). In addition, emerging technologies promise to provide new ways to enable a wide range of
linguistic interaction. The eCAMPUS enables instruction and learning partnerships with
faculty and students from other institutions or other countries, providing new opportunities for fluency and proficiency. The necessity to communicate in other languages
about problems within one’s subject area provides incentives for greater fluency, knowledge of technical terms, and complementary views of content that will help students
beyond graduation.
Global Citizens
The use of new partnerships for language study has already been piloted in at least
one innovative partnership with other CIC institutions. Different courses in Spanish
are provided to students on a rotating basis between UW–Madison and other CIC
faculty and instructors via Internet delivery or videoconferencing. Costs for developing coursework and maintaining high-quality delivery of instruction represents
one barrier to increased use of this currently successful pilot program. The advantage
of this approach, however, is that the great demand for Spanish language classes
might be able to be met through a combination of different course offerings on the
UW–Madison campus, through well-designed Internet course-delivery, through new
eCAMPUS videoconferencing partnerships with other universities in and out of the
United States, and through immersion-oriented service-learning opportunities that
will build on cultural and language proficiency. With new flexibility in the delivery
of language instruction, more opportunities would be available for undergraduates,
graduate students, and, potentially, for other state residents or alumni who recognize
the need for language instruction.
4. A “Grand Event”
A particularly powerful method to stimulate innovation, nurture enthusiasm, and showcase important ideas and value is to host a Grand Event. This is envisioned to be a highvisibility exposition with a global grand-challenge theme that combines opportunities for
serious discussions of global issues with celebrations of global diversity, as expressed in literature, arts, cuisine, culture, politics, and even approaches to technology. UW–Madison
would appoint a senior-level event organizer (e.g., Provost Fellow) to coordinate planning and preparation for the event. Although UW–Madison would lend its vast resource
and expertise pool to the event’s organization, the event should be a statewide partnership experience, involving every UW System institution and any other educational
institution that wishes to participate. The planning for the event would begin several
years in advance, and students and instructors would incorporate preparatory experiences into their courses, connected to the Global Grand Challenge Theme. During the
actual event (which might run over the course of one or several weeks), interdisciplinary
team discussions would be hosted to examine, debate, and iteratively develop proposed
responses to the Global Grand Challenge Theme. Local community members would be
encouraged to visit the nearest UW System campus during the event, to participate in
the cultural experiences or the Grand Challenge discussions. Local and area businesses,
alumni, and alumni and community organizations should be encouraged to participate,
not only for what they can offer in terms of global experiences, diverse cultural opportunities, and resources, but also as ambassadors to promote the Grand Event as a welcome
and enriching experience for everyone.
Criterion 2a
Criterion 4b
Maximum participation around and across the state would be facilitated by extensive use of the high-bandwidth Internet network that became fully accessible to all
UW System campuses at the end of 2008. Experts and perspectives from around the
country and around the world would be included, again by this opportunity for virtual
partnering. The Global Grand Challenge discussions could incorporate a WUN-hosted
international discussion, for example. UW visibility and value, statewide, nationally, and
globally, could be promoted and enhanced. An aggressive campaign to promote the
event would also include a commensurate campaign to develop state-of-the-art, highcapacity infrastructure, such as the eCAMPUS facilities, and the abilities to “virtual host”
a large and diverse array of participating sites. We envision lasting infrastructural and
stature benefits similar to those appreciated by a city that hosts the Olympic Games.
Strategic advantages may be achieved by coordinating this event with other events in
2012, such as the centennial celebration of the Wisconsin Idea, or by becoming a more
regular event, once the eCAMPUS initiative is put into place.
5. Global information literacy
Information literacy is a set of abilities requiring individuals to “recognize when information is needed and have the ability to locate, evaluate, and use effectively the needed
information.”36 Information literacy has become a global issue in the last decade.
Members of our team, working with library colleagues at UW–Madison,37 identified spe-
Criterion 2b
Criterion 4c
199
200
Global Citizens
cific attributes of information literacy that must be stressed to prepare global citizens
and leaders for the future:
• D
etermining the extent of information needed by framing research questions in
a global context. Specifically, researchers must have an understanding of publication types and the economics of information dissemination outside the U.S.
These skills are needed to identify what merely economic or politically intentional filters may govern the information available on a topic in an increasingly
online information environment and to evaluate that information for reliability
and biases. Perspectives, terminology, etc., may vary considerably depending on
which countries, ethnic groups, religions, and cultures are involved.
“Preparing students with the adaptability to compete on a global basis
is critical. Most future graduates will
have numerous ’careers,’ and will
need to be ready to reinvent themselves as the world changes. What
can UW do to get them ready and
help them in the future?”
UW alumnus
• A
ccessing the needed information effectively and efficiently, especially when
that information resides in less easily accessed places. Many discovery tools (e.g.,
article databases) highlight publications in English and publications from the
United States in particular. To ensure accurate global coverage, students, staff,
and faculty must know how to identify, navigate to, and utilize tools with global
scope, including those that include resources relevant to a global regional issue,
recorded in local languages other than English.
• L earning to apply global information literacy skills in situations where choices
have consequences. To produce information-literate graduates prepared for the
globalized world, students must be engaged in a variety of authentic tasks in
their chosen fields that require them to practice incorporating global information effectively and responsibly to accomplish a specific purpose. It is imperative
that the immersion learning experiences described earlier in this report be intentionally designed to incorporate practice and assessment of global information
literacy.
• U
nderstanding the economic, legal, and social issues surrounding the ethical and
legal access and use of global information. In a culture of remixing content, students must know what constitutes plagiarism and the ethical use of information
created by others. These rules are more complex in a global information environment. For just one example, information that is well-known to indigenous people
on novel therapies and practices or arts and artistic practices must be respected.38
Criterion 3a
Criterion 4c
Learning outcomes and performance-assessment indicators for information literacy are
enumerated in the Information Literacy Competency Standards for Higher Education.
Several standardized assessment instruments have been developed to measure students’
information literacy in the context of specific courses.39 However, we recommend that
at UW–Madison these standardized tests be complemented or used in conjunction with
authentic assessments such as capstone projects, immersion experiences, global project
partnerships, or portfolios of student work that we are advocating constitute part of the
core of global citizenship and leadership preparation.
Much of what needs to be done to ensure global information literacy among
UW–Madison students can be accomplished by evolving or extending established and
highly successful, large-scale initiatives already in place. For example, a campuswide
Library & Information Literacy Instruction Program already collaborates with faculty,
instructional staff, and campus administrators to pursue its primary mission of ensuring
that students develop the information literacy skills, attitudes, and knowledge that they
need in order to become efficient, effective users and producers of information. More
than twenty campus libraries participate in presenting over 2,300 instructional sessions
annually, reaching over 31,000 campus library users. The cornerstone of the Library
& Information Literacy Program is the undergraduate Communication Requirement.
Except for the small percentage of students who test out, all incoming freshmen are
required to take Course A of the Communication Requirement within their first year.
Course A includes an information literacy component, taught by campus teaching
librarians, that is integrated with the other course components. The module consists of
two parts: CLUE, a multimedia, library skills tutorial and a classroom session in one of the
campus’s electronic library classrooms. Therefore, our team recommends that an intentional initiative, including necessary resources, be dedicated to upgrade this module not
only to instruct the information literacy competencies in a general context, but also to
Global Citizens
specifically prepare the students to address unique challenges posed by an increasingly
global information environment and world. Some specific examples are given below.
In addition, we must not take for granted that the libraries provide a full array of services and expertise that facilitate the discovery of and access to global resources at the
individual level. These include the obvious and complex infrastructure associated with
access to a necessarily vast local and global repository of print, video, audio, and electronically archived media, but also a library liaison to each academic department, an
area studies program, in-person reference across campus, remote reference services in
synchronous and asynchronous modes, online tutorials, interlibrary loan services, and
document delivery. UW–Madison will be literally crippled and unable to fulfill its obligation to the Wisconsin Idea if this resource and stewardship infrastructure is lost. Hence,
an obvious but necessary reminder from our team is that the campus must continually
renew its commitment to accomplish and support this mission, which, when it functions
smoothly, can be so “seamless” to users that it can be taken for granted.
Criterion 3b
6. Portfolios
Portfolios as a method of self-assessment and self-reflection have been developed
around the world as a way to understand proficiency and assess one’s own learning
from elementary school through graduate school. Our committee recommends the
voluntary use of a global portfolio for undergraduate and graduate students to document and reflect upon one’s acquisition of global competencies and experiences. The
portfolio system has been examined by the Campus Global Competency Task Force and
is also supported by that committee for the campus. Students could develop their portfolios as extension of K–12 portfolios, as electronic portfolio systems, or in other school-,
college-, or major-sensitive ways.
Criterion 3a,c
Criterion 4c
Our conception of the portfolio is one in which students would add coursework taken;
papers or projects that reflect upon their experiences with global education, immersion, and service-learning experiences; global programs and study abroad; languages
learned; language fluency certifications earned; and examples or portraits made by students about global citizenship and leadership values, skills, knowledge, and dispositions.
Recommended portfolio guidelines could be developed within colleges and schools to
reflect particular experiences, specialized skills, and types of knowledge to be included,
but the portfolio’s contents would primarily be determined by individual students as
a personal learning diary. Students may elect to use parts or all of their portfolios with
potential employers or in graduate or professional school applications. However, the
primary role envisioned for portfolios is for students to self-assess and self-guide their
learning, with special emphasis on global citizenship and leadership. It is important to
highlight that portfolios are neither recommended as a new form of standardized assessment, nor as student marketing tools. On the other hand, portfolio content voluntarily
made available by students or alumni may provide valuable means for the university to
market itself to prospective students, parents, and citizens throughout the state.
7. Graduate student, faculty, and staff education and opportunities for
global citizenship and leadership
UW–Madison provides numerous opportunities across most colleges, schools, and divisions for faculty, staff, and graduate students to participate in global citizenship and
leadership. For example, as stated earlier, there are ten federally financed area studies
programs with lists of affiliated faculty participants demonstrating some of the ways in
which our faculty at UW–Madison are active in international and interdisciplinary studies
and research around the world.40 Other programs and resources include the International
Institute,41 the Worldwide Universities Network (WUN),42 the Center for World Affairs
and the Global Economy (WAGE),43 the Center for Global Health,44 the Center for
International Business Education and Research or CIBER,45 the Global Legal Studies
Center,46 the East Asian Legal Studies Center,47 the Ph.D. in Development Studies of the
College of Agricultural and Life Sciences, the NSF-supported Certificate on Humans and
the Global Environment,48 the NSF-supported program on Biodiversity Conservation
and Sustainable Development in Southwest China,49 the Center for Sustainability and
the Global Environment (SAGE; housed within the Nelson Institute for Environmental
Criterion 4a
201
202
Global Citizens
Criterion 5b
Studies50) and the internationally known Land Tenure Center (LTC; also housed within
the Nelson Institute51), the International and Comparative Education Research Group,52
graduate degree programs in International Studies of Curriculum, Pedagogy and
Instruction administered by the Department of Curriculum and Instruction, and the
Engineers Without Borders program in the College of Engineering.53
While the 2007 Open Doors Submission Data54 on study abroad opportunities suggests that one hundred graduate and professional students engage in study abroad at
UW–Madison, this underrepresents the number who have fellowships and/or engage
in research abroad for master’s and Ph.D. programs. In addition, it fails to highlight the
large number of international graduate students at UW–Madison who are engaged in
studies here and in their home countries each year.
Despite the growth of programs and opportunities, the recommendations of the committee focus on increasing opportunities and support. The summary of our subcommittee working on this issue stated: “There still appears to be very limited campus
support for graduate study or research overseas, and such support is especially limited
for the master degree students.”
Examples of initiatives where increases of support or opportunities are recommended:
•
There are relatively few language study fellowships, or travel fellowships available
for students or faculty, though, of course, there are some (e.g., FLAS Fellowships,
Vilas Travel Awards, Fulbright Fellowships; Social Science Research Fellowships, and
campus fellowships targeted toward international study, such as the Scott KloeckJenson Memorial Fund, and others.)
•
There is no comprehensive UW–Madison Web site listing campus support for graduate student study, travel, and research abroad. All departments on campus should
be regularly surveyed for this information, which should be listed on an integrated
Web site.
•
raduate students are seldom able to participate in international exchange proG
grams arranged with international universities. Cost is the greatest barrier. There
is not only the out-of-pocket cost for travel, but also the potential for losing
UW–awarded teaching, research, and project assistantships. At present, these assistantships are tied to being on campus. Giving up a TAship opportunity in order to
pursue a year or a semester of study at a UW–affiliate foreign university would also
burden the graduate student with the full weight of UW tuition fees. Giving up
the federal financing of a research assistantship that is not internationally oriented
would be discouraged by many faculty advisors, mentors, and sponsors, as well as
students. Were some means found to resolve this issue, it is likely that many more
UW graduate students would participate in WUN and other international exchange
programs or other research and study abroad.
•
Foreign Language Area Studies (FLAS) fellowships provide important opportunities
to help globalize graduate programs across the campus. Federal funding for these
fellowships through UW’s eight Title VI National Resource Centers have capped
tuition coverage below that required for graduate students who are not residents
of Wisconsin. This creates a disincentive for global and area studies programs to
expand this critically important means of globalizing graduate education. Were
increased monies to be found to cover tuition fees or, alternatively, were all FLAS
awardees permitted to pay in-state tuition fees during the fellowship period, a
major expansion of these granting opportunities might be possible in future Title VI
National Resource Center competitions.
•
Most of the global graduate opportunities listed above, available to all students, are
limited to one or two awardees per year.
•
Given the large number of international students at UW–Madison, perhaps some
opportunities for linking graduate student support for international study, travel,
and research could be creatively linked to major UW undergraduate study abroad
programs already in place. Graduate students might be employed in various ways to
support such programs, potentially carrying some department-level commitments
Global Citizens
for multiyear funding in the form of teaching, project, and research assistantships
to Division of International Studies programs in specific regions/countries.
•
UW–Madison faculty, staff, and administrators should continue to seek means to
help with visas for international students who wish to stay, study, and work in the
United States, as part of the development of global leaders.
•
W–Madison should invest maximum effort to maintain linkages with UW alumni
U
in other parts of the world to draw upon their enthusiasm and capabilities to facilitate leadership initiatives, research, and in-depth international study opportunities for all students, faculty, and staff members. These opportunities may exist on
campus (enabled by the eCAMPUS), in Madison, across the state or nation, or in
other countries.
8. Envisioning preparation of global citizens and leaders for returning
students, alumni, and the citizens of Wisconsin
This committee’s vision for 2020 includes a focus on returning students, alumni, and,
pursuant to the Wisconsin Idea, the citizenry of Wisconsin. Each constituency shares
the need for continuing exposure to cultures, specific language proficiency, new techniques, and so on. Each has the same requirement as traditional undergraduate and
graduate students for ongoing access to the most up-to-date course content, research,
research applications, and experience to keep them well informed and competitive.
Further, each may well have current real-world experience as global citizens and leaders
that can be shared, thus contributing to the command of global cultures and practices
as they evolve in real time. Each can become purchasers of service, donors of time, and
donors of dollars.
Envisioning how to meet our obligations to these constituencies while leveraging the
rich trove of experience they offer is informed by the following observations.
• R
eturning students have the same needs as traditional undergraduates and they
often bring the benefit of current, practical experience to the learning equation.
• U
W–Madison has more than 340,000 alumni (with known addresses), living and
working in virtually every state, and approximately 15,000 of these alumni currently reside overseas, representing more than 150 countries. It is not hard to
imagine that virtually every field of endeavor is represented by this important
constituency. Our vision is that there are powerful latent opportunities to address
Criterion 5a
Criterion 4c
203
204
Global Citizens
the net out-migration of young college-educated citizens (the so-called braindrain challenge for Wisconsin and other Great Lakes states) by more actively
engaging this pool of human resources—an important percentage of which
reside outside of Wisconsin.
Criterion 1a
• T
he citizens of Wisconsin, whether or not alumni, are another important constituency. It is not hard to imagine that virtually every field of endeavor in the
state already experiences the impact of globalization on methods and markets:
teaching to multiple cultures, sourcing raw materials from abroad, selling products overseas, collaborating with employees in other countries, keeping up with
new techniques in medicine—the list can go on. Certainly, it is the mission of the
Wisconsin Idea to bring the benefits of the university to the citizens of the state.
Members of these constituencies have much to offer. Our vision includes their increasing
and active involvement. Such participation could take place on campus, in more traditional ways. However, we also envision taking advantage of technology (the eCAMPUS)
and accessing remote locations and resources through partnerships with UW System
institutions and technologically compatible organizations (multinational businesses, for
example). We envision the development and exchange of information through interactive courses and modules. We envision the development of study and travel-abroad
programs for these constituencies—including fostering of service components—with
manageable time commitments. And we envision more of our alumni—especially those
who are actually living abroad—to play roles in study and travel-abroad programs, collaborative research, and innovative learning and thinking.
These constituencies represent important pathways to extend the reach and relevance
of UW–Madison. Demands and needs grow for paid offerings, and part-time learning
opportunities—some with degrees attached, others more experimental and innovative
and shorter-term. Such courses or new opportunities would increase the pool of realtime experiences to be shared with others. Many may actually increase the pool of
donors of time and talent—contributing their experiences to others, such as in seminar
settings. Alumni (anywhere in the world) and many citizens of Wisconsin (whether or
not alumni) could be sought as partners to expand the pool of needed internships and/
or on-site orientations for students, faculty, and staff—highlighting the global or multicultural nature of a particular field of endeavor, whether business, agriculture, education, medicine, law, or public health. Some will become donors of dollars, supporting
undertakings of specific importance to them.
New knowledge is generated at an increasingly rapid pace. Practical applications of such
knowledge and competitive information, in general, are accelerating within industries,
and within and across different regions of the world at dizzying speeds. These realities require us to expand our universe of resources, methodologies, and instructional
approaches, including making use of new knowledge, new technological advances, and
recognizing new local and global needs. Expanding learning opportunities for and with
returning students, alumni, and the citizens of Wisconsin is not just a “nice to have”
option. It will make all the difference in keeping UW–Madison’s offerings as broad-based
and relevant as possible.
Notes
1. w
ww.wisc.edu/wisconsinIdea/; J. D. Wiley, Connecting Ideas 2001–09: Strategies for the University of Wisconsin–Madison, www.chancellor.wisc.edu/strategicplan.old/areasOfFocus.
2. G
. Cowley and A. Underwood, “How Memory Works . . . And What You Can Do To Improve
Yours,” Newsweek, www.newsweek.com/id/92801 (Updated: 1:57 PM ET January 14, 2008).
3. E.g., Jerome Bruner, The Process of Education (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press,
1960); Jerome Bruner, The Culture of Education (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press,
1996).
4. www.wisc.edu/wisconsinIdea
5. www.intl-institute.wisc.edu
6. Worldwide Universities Network, see www.intlstudies.wisc.edu/wun;
2007–08 Global Public University series, www.intlstudies.wisc.edu/wun/initiatives.html;
www.uwex.edu/ics/stream/event.cfm?eid=15670.
Global Citizens
7. World Language Institute, www.languageinstitute.wisc.edu
8. Institute for International Education, 2006–07 Open Doors Report (Washington, D.C.),
www.studyabroad.wisc.edu/iap/data/IAP_Open_Doors_2006-07.pdf
ore than 3,000 international students, with two-thirds graduate or professional and one9. M
third undergraduate students, www.iss.wisc.edu/instudentpopulationdetails.asp#top
10. www.wiscape.wisc.edu/publications; www.intlstudies.wisc.edu/wun/initiatives.html
11. Adnaan Wasey, “Studying and Working Abroad a Growing Passion for Young Americans,”
www.pbs.org/newshour/generation-next/demographic/abroad_10-25.html
12. Institute for International Education, 2005–06 Open Doors Report (Washington, D.C.),
www.studyabroad.wisc.edu/iap/data/IAP_Open_Doors_2005-06.pdf
13. Associated Press, March 18, 2008
14. E.g., http://globalhighered.wordpress.com/2008/04/29/debating-nyu-msu
15. http://ocw.mit.edu
16. Dennis Jones, “Higher Education and the Future of Wisconsin.” Citing data from the U.S.
Census Bureau. Presented to the Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, June 7, 2007, www.wisconsin.edu/news/2007/r070607c.htm#heading3.
See also Brookings Institution Metropolitan Policy Program, The Vital Center: A Federal-State
Compact to Renew the Great Lakes Region (Washington, D.C.: The Brookings Institution, 2006);
James Duderstadt, “A Broader Perspective: The Great Lakes Region,” in The Michigan Roadmap: Redux (University of Michigan: The Millenium Project, 2007), pp. 102–5.
17. www.greatu.wisc.edu/theme-teams/documents/team4_report_050908.pdf
18. E.g., Jane Robbins, “Toward a Theory of the University: Mapping the American Research
University in Time and Space,” American Journal of Education, vol. 114 (February 2008):
pp. 243–72. See also Derek Bok, Universities in the Marketplace: The Commercialization of
Higher Education (Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 2003); Association of American
Universities, “America’s Research Universities: Institutions in Service to the Nation,”
www.aau.edu/WorkArea/linkit.aspx?LinkIdentifier=id&ItemID=1130;
“The Global Public University,” www.intlstudies.wisc.edu/wun/initiatives.html
19. Randall Dunham, “Global Competencies Report” (University of Wisconsin–Madison,
unpublished manuscript, 2008).
20. Ibid, see the e-appendix on the Global Citizens subcommittee report on global citizenship.
21. www.cic.uiuc.edu
22. http://advantage.wisconsin.edu; see also UW System Board of Regents, “The UW System’s
Strategic Framework to Advantage Wisconsin,” (2007) Think Tank #7 “Collaborations” Report,
pp. 1–9.
23. Times Higher Education, September 21, 2007,
www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/story.asp?storyCode=310521&sectioncode=26.
See also Kris Olds, “Debating NYU Abu Dhabi and Liaoning Normal University-Missouri State
University College of IB,” April 29, 2008,
http://globalhighered.wordpress.com/2008/04/29/debating-nyu-msu/.
24. http://wistechnology.com/articles/3852
25. www.cisco.com/web/solutions/telepresence/fox/demo.html
26. This is not product placement, but a clear example that illustrates the vision we are trying to
put forward; strategic planning would require an examination of alternative products to reach
the vision we illustrate.
27. This partnership should be explored further; it is a possible example that might allow for campus video archiving via partnered resources at the same time that instructors, students, and
state citizens could access presentations and conference materials.
28. “Essential Learning Outcomes,” www.ls.wisc.edu/LEAP/
29. www.morgridge.wisc.edu/community/servicelearning.html
30. University of Wisconsin–Madison proposal, “UW–Madison Without Borders: A Classroom without Walls. Personal and Global Transformation through Interdisciplinary Service Learning.”
Unpublished manuscript (in progress). Draft date: April 1, 2008, personal communication
from R. Wallar, The Morgridge Institute.
31. Institute for International Education, 2005–06 Open Doors Report (Washington, D.C.),
www.studyabroad.wisc.edu/iap/data/IAP_Open_Doors_2005-06.pdf;
Institute for International Education, 2006–07 Open Doors Report (Washington, D.C.),
www.studyabroad.wisc.edu/iap/data/IAP_Open_Doors_2006-07.pdf.
205
206
Global Citizens
32. W
hile some UW–Madison students study abroad on their own at host institutions, or through
programs sponsored by their schools or colleges, and others study abroad through other
universities or international programs, most use UW–Madison Study Abroad programs. The
advantage of doing study abroad through UW–Madison is ease of transfer of credits, insurance, liability, etc.
33. www.greatu.wisc.edu/theme-teams/documents/team4_report_050908.pdf
34. R. Howell, personal communication related to a survey conducted several years ago during a
UW–Madison Student Orientation, Advising, & Registration program.
35. Reference is to study abroad.
36. Association of College and Research Libraries. Information Literacy Competency Standards for
Higher Education, 2006, www.ala.org/mgrps/divs/acrl/standards/informationliteracy
competency.cfm
37. See Global Information Literacy electronic subcommittee report (summer 2008). Although
this subcommittee was chaired by Emilie Ngo-Nguidjol (Memorial Library, Global Citizens
report team member), we want to acknowledge the work by Steve Baumgart (Memorial
Library), Eliot Finkelstein (College Library), Sarah McDaniel (Library and Information Literacy
Instruction Program), and Phyllis Weisbard (Memorial Library) in completing this report.
38. Draft United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. 1994–95,
www.iwgia.org/sw12930.asp. See also www.unhch.ch/huridocda.nsf/(symbol)/e.cn.4.sub.2.res.
1994.45.en?opendocument, www.un.org/esa/socdev/unpfii/en/declaration.html
39. E.g., www.wla.lib.wi.us/waal/conferences/2005/presentations/WAALProgram05_AbbieLoomis.ppt
40. w
ww.international.wisc.edu
41. w
ww.intl-institute.wisc.edu
ww.intlstudies.wisc.edu/wun
42. w
43. w
ww.wage.wisc.edu
ww.pophealth.wisc.edu/gh
44. w
45. w
ww.bus.wisc.edu/ciber
ww.law.wisc.edu/ealsc
46. w
ww.sage.wisc.edu/igert
48. w
49. w
ww.swchina.wisc.edu/graduate.en.html
50. www.nelson.wisc.edu
51. Ibid.
52. www.education.wisc.edu/eps/academics/concentrations/ICERG.asp
53. www.ewbuw.org
54. Institute for International Education, 2006–07 Open Doors Report (Washington, D.C.),
www.studyabroad.wisc.edu/iap/data/IAP_Open_Doors_2006-07.pdf.
Discovery and Learning
Discovery and Learning
207
Integrating the Processes of
Discovery and Learning
“I value most the absolutely terrific
teaching by a faculty drawn from all
over the nation and the rest of the
world. They prepared me (in ways I
did not even recognize at the time) to
have a successful, thirty-plus years as
a teacher. As I soon found out, I was
better prepared than 95 percent of
the grads from other schools. Those
teachers exhibited the very finest qualities: depth and breadth of knowledge,
enthusiasm about their subject matter,
and excitement about research. Their
excitement was infectious. So how
could I exhibit less? Because of them, I
am convinced that I, too, helped make
this world a better dwelling place.”
U.S. alumnus
208
Discovery and Learning
Co-Chairs
Patricia J. Kiley, Professor, Department of Biomolecular Chemistry
William J. Reese, Professor, Departments of Educational Policy Studies, and History
Members
Nicholas J. Balster, Assistant Professor, Department of Soil Science
Aaron M. Brower, Vice Provost for Teaching and Learning; Professor,
School of Social Work
Jan A. Cheetham, Project Manager, DoIT–Academic Technology
Bernard C. Easterday, Dean Emeritus, School of Veterinary Medicine
Adam Gamoran, Professor, Departments of Sociology and Educational Policy Studies;
Director, Wisconsin Center for Educational Research
Robert J. Kelchen, Graduate Student, Department of Economics
James P. Leary, Professor, Folklore Program and Department of Scandinavian Studies
Nadine M. Nehls, Associate Dean and Professor, School of Nursing
Nicole T. Perna, Associate Professor, Department of Genetics, and the Genome Center
Noel T. Radomski, Director and Associate Researcher, WISCAPE
Nancy L. Ruggeri, Graduate Student, Department of Curriculum and Instruction
Jeffrey S. Russell, Chair, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering
Monica G. Turner, Professor, Department of Zoology
Mathew C. Walsh, Graduate Student, Department of Population Health Sciences
Kent A. Weigel, Associate Professor, Department of Dairy Science
Roberta A. Worth, Faculty Assistant, Language Institute
Support Staff
Mathilde Andrejko, Assistant to the Director
Darin J. Harris, Consultant, Facilitator, Office of Quality Improvement
Discovery and Learning
I. Executive Summary
Through the support of state, federal, and private funding and the extraordinary efforts
of faculty, staff, and students, UW–Madison continues to sustain a world-class reputation. Our university ranks second in the country in overall research expenditures in a
recent report by the National Science Foundation and eighth among public institutions
in the annual rankings by U.S. News and World Report’s 2008 edition of America’s Best
Colleges. This community of excellence has created a learning environment to inspire
the quest of new knowledge, either as undergraduate, graduate, or professional student
learners or by making new discoveries through research, scholarly activities, or other
out-of-classroom experiences. Excellence in research has also allowed us to integrate our
research approaches into our teaching, which enables us to enrich the learning experiences of our students in a manner only possible at a research university. The dissemination of this knowledge benefits our state by providing an educated citizenry, a trained
workforce, and new or expanded businesses, and by catalyzing additional discoveries
and technologies outside the university, which improve the lives and the economic wellbeing of the citizens of Wisconsin, and exemplify our historic embrace of the Wisconsin
Idea. Our goal over the next ten years is to do everything possible to maintain this excellence and continue our tradition of integrating discovery and learning. In that spirit, we
outline both our strengths and our challenges and offer recommendations to sustain
and strengthen those traditions. We present four visions to reach this goal.
Vision 1. Ensure a World-Class Research and Teaching ­University
in a Time of Limited Resources
Our commitment to teaching and the discovery of new knowledge through research
and scholarly activities extends across the university and is reflected in our national
rankings in all divisions: Arts and Humanities, Physical Sciences, Biological Sciences, and
Social Studies. Yet academic and scholarly excellence requires continual attention to
acquiring new resources (both public and private), new facilities, and new personnel.
In addition, to remain competitive nationally, we must provide an infrastructure and
environment that encourages and rewards faculty, staff, and students for their dedication and achievements. Because federal funding for research has not kept pace with
inflation for the past several years, a major funding stream that supports our outstanding
research activities is vulnerable. The percentage of the state tax component to the university budget has also been slowly declining, adding further uncertainty to our ability
to remain competitive through the next ten years. The arts and humanities and the
social studies are particularly susceptible in such times, because there are fewer financial
resources available to buffer against economic uncertainties or pressures. Despite these
financial challenges, our priority is to ensure that our undergraduate, graduate, and
professional students reap the benefits of first-class instruction at a world-class institution, where research and teaching, discovery, and learning continue to be mutually
reinforcing endeavors. We also want to maintain a culture that embraces the tenets of
the Wisconsin Idea to bring the advances from the university to the state of Wisconsin.
Our challenge for the next ten years is to acquire the resources to maintain academic
and research excellence throughout the university and not allow any of the major pillars
of academic scholarship to weaken.
We thus recommend to:
• r eaffirm to our citizens and legislators the benefits resulting from support of all
scholarly activities at UW–Madison;
• s trategically raise funds for the arts and humanities, social studies, and social
sciences for a building to house and establish the Wisconsin Institute for the
Humanities and Society;
• s upport continuing efforts to raise funds to provide resources to implement the
master plan for new facilities on the east end of campus;
209
210
Discovery and Learning
• p
rovide market-level compensation for faculty and staff to both recruit and retain
outstanding educators;
• identify and emulate best practices in research and teaching, for the benefit of
undergraduate, graduate, and professional students alike.
Vision 2. Promote, Foster, and Support Interdisciplinary
Research
The culture of collaboration and interdisciplinary work has been a vital part of our academic excellence and this synergy must be rewarded and supported. Our institution
has a long tradition of faculty, staff, and students interacting across disciplines, and in
1998 a “cluster hire” program for hiring faculty whose research was interdisciplinary
was created. The interdisciplinary interactions by these faculty, as well as those with
traditional departmental affiliations, have enhanced our research and scholarly activities
as well as provided student learners the opportunity for interdisciplinary course work.
While the cluster hire program and the work produced by interdisciplinary faculty are of
exceptional quality, the institutional infrastructure needs to evolve to maximize the interdisciplinary facet of their work. For example, some cluster hire program faculty report
that to achieve tenure, a traditional departmental model was easier to follow. Our investment in interdisciplinary faculty has also had a positive role in encouraging collaboration
and formation of interdisciplinary research programs—e.g., the BACTER Institute.1 We
do not yet have an administrative infrastructure to guide integration of interdisciplinary
work and grants into the traditional funding mechanisms of departments.
We thus recommend to:
• e
nhance interdisciplinary research and programs by increasing resources that
sustain interdisciplinary endeavors, including (1) recruiting new faculty through
the cluster hire program with interdisciplinary competence, (2) funding for joint
ventures between departments and interdisciplinary units, (3) providing access
to common space for research and creative productions, and (4) informational
technologies that enable storing, archiving, and sharing of digital materials for
researchers in all campus units;
• h
elp ensure the success of junior interdisciplinary faculty by (1) improving the
mentoring of interdisciplinary junior faculty, especially those with split appointments, (2) continuing to develop appropriately flexible standards to be used by
departments, interdisciplinary units, and divisional committees for the equitable
evaluation of interdisciplinary research and creative work; and (3) amend current
divisional committee eligibility guidelines to allow membership of faculty with a
minor (less than 50 percent) appointment in a department that is already represented on the committee;
• e
nhance research initiatives and collaborations by (1) increasing the de minimis
in effort-reporting to encourage exploratory research between funded researchers on projects not yet funded, and (2) developing an equitable system for indirect cost-sharing that encourages grant-funded interdisciplinary projects;
• e
stablish campuswide procedures and policies to increase our success at obtaining and completing large, interdisciplinary research or scholarly programs;
• e
nhance interdisciplinary educational opportunities that support the creation of
cutting-edge courses that do not fit into traditional department or college curricula;
• e
nhance the public visibility of interdisciplinary work by encouraging and supporting the presentation of interdisciplinary research in publicly accessible formats, especially in cases where such formats constitute an appropriate alternative
to conventional academic publications.
Discovery and Learning
Vision 3. Increase Competitiveness in Graduate Education and
Research
Graduate students are critical to the research and teaching missions of the university
and epitomize the importance of integration of learning and discovery in education. As
a campus, we are enormously proud of the contributions of our graduate students. Our
graduate programs are routinely ranked within the top 25 in the country (many are in
the top 10–15) and the campus is generally recognized as a leader in graduate education. In addition, nearly 25 percent of our Ph.D. and 35 percent of our M.S. students
remain in Wisconsin after graduation, further contributing to our state’s economy and
economic development. Thus, we place high value on training and mentoring graduate
students. Yet, the pressures of flat state support and extramural federal funding, combined with the increased costs associated with supporting graduate students as research
or teaching assistants, threaten to reduce the number of graduate students that can
be supported from grants, fellowships, gifts, or departmental funds, jeopardizing our
research and teaching missions. Graduate student support costs include the stipend to
support the teaching or research activities, fringe benefits to pay for health insurance,
as well as a tuition-remission surcharge to recover tuition costs for research or project
assistants; all three components have increased at rates well above inflation over the last
ten years except for teaching assistant stipends, which have remained relatively flat.
It is important that our graduate students develop a range of skills, academic and professional, that equip them to carry out research and scholarly activity in the diverse,
global communities of scholars. Faculty advisors, with institutional support, need to be
increasingly intentional about how they mentor students and in making sure that they
have adequate professional development activities. We outline four goals in graduate
education that should be addressed to maintain our outstanding cohort of graduate
students.
It is equally important that we continue to invest in enhancing the diversity of our
graduate student population. The proportion of graduate students who are minorities
has remained constant over the last ten years at about 8–9 percent. To retain our international position of prominence, as a leader in graduate education, UW–Madison must
be intentional about increasing diversity in this arena.
We thus recommend to:
• s olve the graduate-student funding problem by evaluating the possible solutions
put forth by campus or college task forces that range from (1) identifying new
sources of support to offer competitive graduate student stipend packages, and
(2) reducing the tuition-remission surcharge by following the recommendations
of the Tuition Remission Task Force, to (3) reducing the cost of tuition to trainees
and fellows by pursuing in-state tuition resident status. We recognize that each
solution requires new funding and that each of these potential actions may influence the ability to implement others;
• e
xamine how campus administration, including the Graduate School, can
improve its decision making and communication of policies that affect funding
of graduate students so that faculty and departments can engage in a dialogue
with campus on the impact of funding decisions on our research, teaching, and
outreach missions;
• increase the diversity of our graduate student population by (1) reviewing
the effectiveness of existing admissions, recruitment, and retention programs;
(2) increasing the pipeline of qualified Ph.D. students by developing new partnerships with M.S. programs on and off campus, sustaining our partnerships with
colleges and universities that have a large underrepresented student population,
and supporting summer research programs that are targeted to underrepresented students; (3) support and expand department-based best practices to recruit
and retain underrepresented graduate students; and (4) support faculty-initiated
programs to recruit and retain underrepresented students;
• A
dvance best practices for graduate student mentoring and professional development by (1) continuing to provide students with opportunities for professional
211
212
Discovery and Learning
development; (2) creating a culture where graduate students are encouraged to
acquire these skills; (3) developing a workshop and materials to improve facultymentoring skills; and (4) establishing a requirement that all graduate programs
develop an advising and orientation program for incoming students as well as
initiatives to proactively monitor and mentor students’ development on a regular
basis.
Vision 4. Advance and Articulate the Wisconsin Experience for
Undergraduate Education
UW–Madison continues to provide exceptional educational experiences for its undergraduate students both within and beyond the classroom, resulting in our students
graduating into exceptional leadership roles. In a state that is relatively sparsely populated, largely rural, and with a low percentage of its population possessing college
degrees, we have created a university that graduates exceptional national leaders: More
Peace Corps and Teach for America volunteers are UW–Madison graduates than almost
any other university in the country. More leaders of major corporations have graduated
from UW–Madison than any other university in the country. We are among the top
producers of faculty members who teach at research-intensive institutions around the
world. Finally, many local, state, and national elected and appointed officials are our
graduates.
We thus recommend to:
• e
ndorse campuswide liberal education goals of learning (e.g., LEAP), and
strengthen the alignment of undergraduate education to these goals;
• r eaffirm academic excellence for all undergraduates, ensured by strengthening
the comprehensive nature of UW–Madison;
• a
dvance our commitment to academic excellence and the Wisconsin Idea by cultivating, nurturing, and offering high-quality, integrative experiences that blend
in- and out-of-class learning;
• d
evelop valid and eclectic ways to assess the effectiveness of our efforts to
enhance learning for all undergraduates.
Discovery and Learning
213
II. Introduction and Background
A. Charge
The charge of the self-study team “Integrating the Processes of Discovery and Learning”
was to examine how we can build upon the amazing strengths of UW–Madison as a preeminent research university by enhancing the integration of research and learning, while
providing students (undergraduate, graduate, professional) with extraordinary learning
opportunities.
The specific questions from our original charter were:
• H
ow will we enhance the integration of the teaching and research missions in our
new “public university”?
• H
ow are research and learning integrated to best address world problems and
improve the quality of our lives?
• H
ow do we effectively strengthen and reward our culture of collaboration and
interdisciplinary discovery and learning from classroom to community?
• H
ow can we enhance graduate education through a reexamination of our processes of discovery and learning?
B. Importance of the Theme “Integrating the Processes of
Discovery and Learning”
While “integration of the processes of discovery and learning” can have different meanings depending on the audience, we considered this process in a broad sense, such as
when the discovery of new knowledge through research or creative work stimulates the
learning process. Because we are a research university, the integration of discovery and
learning represents a core principle underlying our approach to education, especially
for students who engage in research or other forms of discovery. The wide access to
research and other types of in- and out-of-classroom experiences at our university should
have a broad impact on what and how our students learn. The campus shares a fundamental faith in the importance of discovery and learning, which in their many forms are
also essential to the quality of life citizens enjoy in a free and democratic society. In our
report, we only briefly acknowledge the many aspects of this process that we do well.
Rather, we emphasize the challenges in maintaining this core value, which cuts across
most of the university. For practical reasons, we were able to focus on only a few topics
in our report.
C. Approach to Developing This Report
Our team held six meetings to discuss the above questions, define our goals, and develop
our recommendations. During the first two meetings, we discussed our questions from
the charter, decided what would be our focus, and began outlining four areas for further
examination. We were greatly aided in this process by our facilitator, Darin Harris from
the Office of Quality Improvement. In between meetings, we collected data from various
campus resources (expert support was provided by Jocelyn Milner, director of the Office
of Planning and Analysis). The two co-chairs met with the dean of the Graduate School;
and one co-chair met with Professor Doug Henderson of the College of Engineering;
Darrell Bazzell, vice chancellor for administration; and David MacDonald, chair of the
Task Force on Tuition Procedures for Fellowships and Traineeships. At two meetings, we
worked in groups to develop our recommendations, which were then reviewed by the
entire team at two subsequent meetings. Comments were solicited from the team for
our draft documents and incorporated into the final document.
The goal of combining discovery
and learning rests on helping
students find ways to connect
their living and learning experiences in both formal and informal learning environments.
This combination of learning
will constitute students’
“Wisconsin Experience”—which
makes getting an education
at UW–Madison unique and
meaningful.
214
Discovery and Learning
Criterion 1a
Criterion 5a
Criterion 5b,d
Criterion 3c
Criterion 4b,c
D. Background
For well over a century, UW–Madison has been widely regarded as a premier university.
Through the support of state, federal, and private funding and the extraordinary efforts
of faculty, staff, and students, UW–Madison continues to sustain a world-class reputation. Guided by a visionary ideal, the Wisconsin Idea, we have built an enviable academic
reputation based on the lofty goal of excellence in teaching, research, and service, while
also serving the citizens of Wisconsin in a wide range of off-campus activities including
community involvement and leadership, outreach teaching, and extension (where the
latter involves shared federal, state, and county funding of outreach activities in agriculture, natural resources, community development, family living, 4-H, etc.).
Over the course of the twentieth century, our university endeavored to meet the high
expectations of our citizenry, offering undergraduate and graduate students, alike, the
strongest academic programs possible while expanding our larger service to the state
and also meeting the high standards set by a very competitive national, even international, academic community. Our community of excellence has created a learning
environment to inspire the quest of new knowledge, either as undergraduate, graduate, or professional student learners or by making new discoveries through research,
scholarly activities, creative work, or other out-of-classroom experiences. Excellence in
research has also allowed us to integrate our research approaches into our teaching,
which enables us to enrich the learning experiences of our students in a manner only
possible at a research university. The dissemination of this knowledge benefits our state
by providing an educated citizenry, a trained workforce, new or expanded businesses,
and by catalyzing additional discoveries and technologies outside the university, which
improve the lives and the economic well-being of the citizens of Wisconsin, and exemplify our historic embrace of the Wisconsin Idea. Our goal over the next ten years is to do
everything possible to maintain this excellence and continue our tradition of integrating
discovery and learning. In that spirit, we outline both our strengths and challenges and
offer recommendations to sustain and strengthen those traditions. We present here four
visions to reach this goal.
III. Visions
Criterion 1a,c
Vision 1. Ensure a World-Class Research and Teaching
University in a Time of Limited Resources
The value of a research-extensive university. An understanding of history and the place
of universities in society guides our deliberations. When they first arose centuries ago,
universities educated and trained a small number of young men to serve and strengthen
the professions and to advance the interests of church and state. The modern university is now a more socially inclusive, multipurpose institution whose educational role
has expanded enormously in our global, increasingly knowledge-based economy. As
in the past, the university in the twenty-first century will continue to serve vital intellectual, social, and economic needs. Ensuring a comprehensive university is critical to
accomplishing our research mission, and to providing an outstanding education to the
citizens of Wisconsin. Few public universities have been able to attain our stature as
both a great public and a great research institution. Indeed, in ten years, we would
predict that because of mounting economic pressures nationwide, only a handful of
public universities would rank among the leading research universities in the United
States. Our challenge is to ensure that UW–Madison remains one of them. In addressing
our charge, we concluded that as a first priority, the university must remain a top-tier
research university.
Criterion 1a
Criterion 5a
Commitment to the Wisconsin Idea. Our recommendations reaffirm our historic commitment to the Wisconsin Idea, recognizing that the boundaries of our university are
coterminous with the geographical boundaries of the state. That tradition cannot be
honored by sitting still or running in place. The boundaries of knowledge have grown
exponentially over the last century, and an educated citizenry is strengthened by access
Discovery and Learning
to the deep well of knowledge generated in the arts, humanities, agriculture, medicine,
business, engineering, sciences, and other academic domains. Training minds that are
well disciplined and have mastered a breadth of knowledge has long been a hallowed
goal of higher education. In addition, we now recognize that we live in a dynamic world.
To address age-old problems such as poverty as well as new ones on the immediate
horizon requires citizens who can think critically, creatively, and imaginatively and with
full regard for the ethical dimensions of personal conduct and concern for the common
good. Addressing timeless concerns as well as those of immediate interest in improving
everyday life rightly affirms our respect for the intrinsic value of discovery and indicates
to citizens and students our continual engagement with the world and its perennial and
emerging concerns. We outline some of the challenges we now face.
Challenge: Effectively communicate our wide-ranging value to the citizens of Wisconsin.
Our commitment to the Wisconsin Idea ensures that we eschew the image of a university as an ivory tower. At every opportunity, our public university must reaffirm to our
citizens and legislators that an economically secure university yields incalculable benefits
to our state and to the overall well-being of society. Life is enriched every time pain and
suffering is alleviated thanks to a medical breakthrough, every time an artist or musician
brings aesthetic pleasure to the world, every time school children learn more thanks to
instructional improvements resulting from university-based research. These are but a
few of the many examples of how higher education makes a positive difference in the
lives of citizens, not just those formally educated at the university. The generation of
knowledge and the search for truth have long been central to our academic mission. It
remains basic to our commitment to excellence in teaching and research and in service
to our state and to the larger society.
Challenge: Limited resources. While the university has been enormously successful relative to the rest of its peers in securing extramural funds, nationally, federal funding for
research has not kept pace with inflation for the past several years. Thus a major funding
stream that supports our outstanding research activities is vulnerable here and across the
country. In addition, the percentage of the state tax component to the university budget
has also been slowly declining, adding further uncertainty to our ability to remain competitive through the next ten years. The arts and the humanities, and social studies are
particularly susceptible in such times, because there are fewer financial resources available to buffer against economic uncertainties or pressures. Thus raising money though
private donations will be even more critical in achieving our goals.
Challenge: Noncompetitive faculty salaries. The pursuit of excellence in research,
teaching, and service will be possible only if our university attracts and retains our outstanding faculty, staff, and students. However, our faculty salaries rank in the bottom
half among our peer group of public universities, with full professors ranking at the
bottom, a sign of our vulnerability.2 Losing faculty, staff, and potential graduate students
to wealthier, well-endowed universities jeopardizes our academic and research enterprise. It threatens our capacity to offer the highest quality instruction to undergraduate,
graduate, and professional students. It also undermines our rich and productive interdisciplinary research traditions, which have often enabled faculty and staff to cross departmental and disciplinary boundaries, which has in turn led to countless innovations and
breakthroughs in science, the arts and humanities, and the social sciences.
Challenge: Maintain our academic strength across all divisions (Arts and Humanities,
Biological Sciences, Physical Sciences, and Social Studies). No single program area,
department, or school alone can provide the broad knowledge and specialized skills
that help shape an educated person, whether teacher or student. We have long been a
multipurpose university, and the boundaries of knowledge as reflected in our research
and teaching have thus grown over time to include far more than was contemplated
when the University of Wisconsin was founded in the mid-nineteenth century. The challenge of every leading university is to maintain an essential balance between instructing
others in the specialized knowledge and skills necessary for success in different areas of
study and ensuring that the boundaries of knowledge between academic departments
and disciplines remain open. This latter trait is a hallmark of our university and one of our
Criterion 5a,d
Criterion 2b
Criterion 2a-b
Criterion 1a
Criterion 4b-c
215
216
Discovery and Learning
unique characteristics as an institution. A humanist unaware of the latest developments
in science has a diminished capacity to help us understand our world.
The same is true of a scientist unfamiliar with how artists see and understand reality
through their particular scholarly lenses. Science and the arts, the humanities and the
professional schools, the social sciences and social studies: these and other pillars of
the university for many decades have collectively supported and enriched our material and intellectual life. Despite this, there has been erosion in morale in the humanities and social sciences, which threatens the very core of our comprehensive university.
Many departments face serious concerns about how to maintain academic excellence
given the lack of competitive salaries campuswide. For example, the political science
department has lost a significant minority of its faculty, and so has another esteemed
department, geography. These are departments with a venerable history of scholarly
distinction. The history department, another perennial power in academe, has lacked
the resources to hire in areas of European history to replace key faculty members; it
currently has one historian of the ancient world, its senior medievalist will soon retire,
and it does not have a single faculty member in Chinese history, a very serious concern
given China’s rising stature in world affairs and our desire to be leaders in globalization.
Other examples of the weakening of particular departments can be cited, but the point
should be clear: our esteemed position as a great public, comprehensive university is
under serious threat.
We now outline four goals for Vision 1, which addresses these challenges. Specific recommendations to achieve these goals are also provided. In the executive summary, the
goals and specific recommendations are combined together under the recommendations listed for each vision.
Criterion 2
Goal 1. Ensure excellence in academic areas that lack access to traditional
major sources of extramural support
Undergraduate, graduate, and professional students alike deserve an education equal
to the best. This can be achieved only if we have the institutional capacity to maintain academic excellence. It will require determination and hard work from faculty and
staff, and exceptional and determined academic leadership. Ensuring academic excellence throughout the university, from the sciences to the humanities, is essential. The
overall quality of undergraduate and graduate instruction depends on shoring up and
enriching areas that lack access to major external funding and sustaining and enhancing
support for those that do.
While the full range of disciplines is necessary to a vibrant community life and academic
community, knowledge generated in the arts and humanities will never have the market
value of other disciplines, and thus cannot provide the amounts of extramural funding
obtained by the biological and physical sciences. It should be noted that our campus
ranks first nationally in research expenditures in nonscience disciplines (see NSF report3),
indicating that we are quite successful in competing for the small amount of dollars that
are available to support research and other creative works. Thus, a case can be made
that more effort should be placed in fundraising in the arts and humanities, and social
studies. We predict that such an investment will lead to new partnerships across campus
and in the long term, new sources of funding streams to improve the campus facilities
and support for arts and humanities.
Criterion 2b
The important role of gifts to campus. Leading private universities in particular have
raised billions of dollars for their endowments, ensuring their competitive edge in the
academic marketplace, and sustaining the arts and humanities. While there is little
doubt that the impact of external resources has played a decisive role in maintaining
our strength in the sciences and medicine at UW–Madison, historically there has been a
dearth of resources available for the arts, humanities, and social studies. The University
of Wisconsin Foundation, which is our fundraising organization, and the Wisconsin
Alumni Research Foundation (WARF), which invests funds back into the university from
university-generated patent revenue are key sources for providing private (non–state
GPR funds) support to the university. The newly established Wisconsin Institutes for
Discovery and Learning
Discovery—funded with state, WARF, and other private monies—will help sustain our
academic reputations in the sciences. The research towers for the School of Medicine
and Public Health are funded largely by federal, private, and corporate resources and
will help promote basic and translational medical research. Likewise, the generous gift to
the School of Medicine and Public Health by Blue Cross Blue Shield to create new programs in public health should propel public health education and research and improve
the health of Wisconsin’s citizens. John and Tashia Morgridge have been particularly
generous benefactors to the university providing gifts to many different areas, including
financial grants for Wisconsin undergraduates, the Wisconsin Institutes for Discovery,
and the Morgridge Center for Public Service. Finally the recent, generous infusion of
WARF dollars into graduate fellowships in the humanities and other divisions was not
only welcome but also essential, given the difficult state of university budgets.
Fundraising for the arts and humanities. Despite these generous gifts and awards, we
remain very concerned about those areas of campus, so vital to our teaching, research,
and service missions, that do not have as much access to federal grants or considerable
extramural support as the sciences. It is inconceivable that we can continue to be a great
public university unless we demonstrate a commitment to the arts and humanities,
social sciences, and social studies. Our ability to deliver a high-quality, state-of-the-art
education to undergraduates and graduate students depends upon our attending full
speed to this serious concern. Thus fundraising for the arts and humanities, social sciences, and social studies must be a priority to maintain a comprehensive university.
Creation of a Wisconsin Institute for the Humanities and Society to synergize teaching
and research. Knowledge in the modern university is often highly specialized, but the
lines of communication among various schools, disciplines, and program areas must
be widened and strengthened in every way possible. As noted later, cross-disciplinary
study has long been a fruitful means to ensure that scholars are flexible and nimble as
they respond to new public concerns, whether they involve discovery of the sources and
prevention of disease, the preservation of the languages and cultures of native peoples,
or improving the computational skills of the coming generation attending the nation’s
schools. The arts and humanities enrich lives everyday, and maintaining excellence in
our undergraduate and graduate teaching requires that they hold an eminent place on
our campus.
We propose a new capital campaign leading to the establishment of a new building
and institute, the Wisconsin Institute for the Humanities and Society. This facility would
house, coordinate, and concentrate programs and efforts now diffused across campus,
including but not limited to the current Center for the Humanities and the Institute
for Research in the Humanities. It should include such centers as the Center for the
Study of Upper Midwestern Cultures (and others too numerous to mention) as well
as the proposed Wisconsin Alliance for Global Solutions; this latter initiative could thus
serve as a suitable bridge to the newly established Wisconsin Institutes for Discovery. If
campus administrators make the establishment of this institute a priority, in addition to
raising money for a building, fundraising could be more easily achieved for endowed
chairs and professorships; lecture series that exemplify the Wisconsin Idea of community
outreach; and fellowships and scholarships for graduate and undergraduate research in
the humanities, social sciences, and social studies. Individual departments have, with
the guidance of the UW Foundation, made great strides in fundraising. The scale and
cross-disciplinary goals of a new initiative will require a coordinated effort of campus
leadership and the Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation to make its establishment a
reality. In 2012, the Wisconsin Idea will enjoy its one-hundredth birthday and a capital
campaign capitalizing on this landmark achievement may provide a fundraising theme
for this building.
Overview
Criterion 4
Criterion 5b
Criterion 2b
Criterion 2b
Criterion 4
Criterion 4
217
218
Discovery and Learning
Recommendations
• E
stablish a Wisconsin Institute for the Humanities and Society and begin a capital campaign to raise funds for a new building to house this interdisciplinary
institute.
• Identify critical needs for fundraising in the humanities and social sciences, especially those that could lead to other cross-departmental ventures or other “Big
Ideas.”
Goal 2. Ensure excellence in faculty and staff
Criterion 2c-d
“There is a focus on excellence,
but it is from a much more human
perspective than I’ve seen at other
universities. The connections
between students and faculty is
much more sincere and positive.
This is very important to me, and I
feel it creates an environment that
stimulates far more growth and
valuable experience.”
UW–Madison student
Elite, well-funded private and public universities have increasingly and successfully
raided the faculty of economically vulnerable institutions; they have lured the best and
the brightest with enhanced compensation, better funding packages for graduate students, library support, and state-of-the-art facilities. States that hope to improve their
economies and the overall well-being of their citizens are similarly eager to invest more
heavily in higher education. Attracting and retaining the best faculty and staff at the
UW–Madison will therefore be a challenge but must be a priority over the next decade.
Certain policies must therefore be pursued vigorously to enhance our academic position
vis-à-vis our private and public competitors.
Excellence depends upon adequate funding, but it cannot be achieved unless we continue to build the most welcoming and productive environment for faculty and classified
and academic staff (see Building Community report). The failure to do so will undermine
most aspirations to excellence in research, teaching, and service. Faculty have traditionally been recruited from a national or international pool of candidates. While state
employment rules limit flexibility in the appointment of classified staff, it remains clear
that the shared goal of excellence is essential and benefits everyone. Integrating faculty,
classified, and academic staff into a shared universe of mutual respect and commitment
to excellence is imperative.
Recognizing the fiscal realities that the state will face in the coming years, university
leaders must pursue every legitimate opportunity to convince the legislature that the
economic health and overall well-being of Wisconsin rests upon a well-educated citizenry and workforce. More human resources must be invested in this effort; this will
require more efforts from administrators, faculty, staff, alumni, and others concerned
with the short- and long-term welfare of our university.
Recommendations
• Pay market-level compensation to faculty and staff.
• R
eaffirm to our citizens and legislators the benefits that accrue to the state resulting from their support for the UW–Madison.
Criterion 3b-c
Criterion 4a
Goal 3. Enhance faculty excellence and development in teaching and
research
A university, especially a public institution such as ours, has always aspired to excellence in research, teaching, and service. While its research mission is the distinguishing
feature of a university (as opposed to a college, for example), the synergy that exists
between research, teaching, and service is a central part of the Wisconsin Idea, both
in theory and practice. We applaud the numerous, ongoing efforts throughout the
university to expose undergraduates to research, as students learn the skills necessary
to the art of discovery and learning. We applaud the many initiatives under way to
identify best teaching practices, which hopefully can be emulated by others. To cite a
single prominent example, the Delta Program4 on our campus is a concerted effort to
improve classroom instruction, specifically teaching on the university level in science,
technology, engineering, and mathematics. This program promises to reveal new
insights on such important issues as collaborative learning and how to ensure academic
excellence and success among a more diverse student body. Excellence in research
and teaching are not mutually exclusive goals; we have an old and worthy tradition
whereby many of our most esteemed research scholars regularly teach undergraduates,
Discovery and Learning
bringing their latest research findings and those of their colleagues and peers worldwide into the classroom.
A tradition of interdisciplinary research. While our university has long maintained
national and international pride of place for its highly ranked departments, schools, and
academic units, it is also critical that we continue to support the numerous faculty, who
also have multiple or joint appointments, thus energizing faculty research and teaching
and breaking down barriers between departments, disciplines, and areas of study. This
culture of collaboration, which is fairly weak at many universities, has been a vital part
of our historical development and is elaborated on in Vision 2. In particular, our Cluster
Hiring Initiative to increase our number of interdisciplinary faculty has been successful in
fostering interdisciplinary work and collaboration. Maintaining this synergy across traditional academic lines and programs of study is essential. Thanks to such efforts, we have
enviable reputations in areas as diverse as foreign language teaching and environmental
studies. Encouraging interdisciplinary research and teaching also has the salutary effect
of attracting a more diverse faculty, themselves often educated to think beyond familiar
disciplinary boundaries. The Cluster Hiring Initiative may also provide an excellent
opportunity for initiating the cross-disciplinary objectives of the Wisconsin Institute for
Humanities. A cluster could attract faculty in history, economics, business, public health,
etc., whose focus would be on a global discipline such as Chinese or Asian studies. This
would aid not only in invigorating humanities and social studies, but also in establishing
a presence in a critical area of global importance.
Integration of research and out-of-classroom experiences with teaching. Since the creation of knowledge and its widest dissemination, both in the classroom and through
other means, is a primary goal of the university, systematic efforts should therefore be
undertaken on our campus to study how well undergraduates are exposed to research,
the effects of technology in reshaping the future classroom, and the role that crossdepartmental research, teaching, and service plays or should play on campus. Follow-up
studies are necessary to show the possible contributions of cluster hires to maintaining
our traditional culture of collaboration, and the ability of departments to hire faculty in
core areas central to their mission. We need to continue to value teaching and research
alike, learning as much as possible about how to extend best practices in teaching in
the disciplines, area studies, and the array of academic pursuits that help define our
comprehensive university.
Criterion 4b
Criterion 3c
Criterion 4c
Recommendations
• C
ontinue to identify and emulate the best practices of teaching available and
ensure that undergraduate and graduate students can master state-of-the-art
research skills.
• D
o everything possible to ensure that cross-disciplinary scholarship, in research
and in teaching, remains protected and supported at our university.
Goal 4. Maintain the infrastructure to support our comprehensive
university
Facilities. Excellent facilities and equipment are necessary for attracting and educating
the best students, faculty, and staff. Since 1990, $1.125 billion has been spent on new
buildings, major additions, and major renovations. Currently under construction are
projects valued at $496.97 million and projects in planning valued at $398.6 million.
Thus the campus has made remarkable progress in its commitment to provide excellent facilities. The long-range vision and plan for the campus is outlined in the Campus
Master Plan 2005, where continued upgrades to facilities and building replacements are
described. The challenge to meet many of these goals is in the funding.
Computational infrastructure. Electronic resources and computing play an increasingly
important role in scholarly activities. UW–Madison must ensure that the campus computational infrastructure and security continue to keep pace with or exceed national
standards. The 21st Century Network project is modernizing the campus network, providing more reliable, secure, and faster access. Over the next ten years, we must continue to be vigilant about updating these resources to provide a world-class research
Criterion 2d
Criterion 2d
Criterion 3d
Criterion 4a
219
220
Discovery and Learning
­ nvironment. This campus also has exceptional advanced research computing capabilie
ties, such as Condor, that enable a wide variety of high-throughput, computationally
intensive projects. Access to this type of advanced infrastructure tends to be local and
originate from grassroots efforts of individual principal investigators and teams of investigators. While it is expected that research on computing is a research endeavor led by
researchers, it is important to recognize and embrace the advances emerging from this
work and expand access to the graduate researchers and staff throughout the campus
to fully reach the potential these technological advances offer.
Computing, ubiquitous wireless networks, and access to up-to-date computer hardware and software are key to the research and teaching activities of graduate students.
Training on basic software is available without charge to the participants through the
Division of Information Technology; however, this training does not cover software tools
that support basic productivity for students in specific disciplines. In addition, licenses for
this type of software may be too expensive for individual research groups to provide for
graduate student use. The output of graduate student research and creative endeavor is
often digital, yet many graduate students work in research settings where data management systems they need to acquire, store, back up, and safeguard their research data
may be inadequate or lacking.
Recommendations
• Maintain the currency of the campus network systems.
• D
evelop sustainable methods for peer-led software training that includes problem-solving approaches in specific disciplinary areas. The programs at the Computer-Aided Engineering Center (College of Engineering) and the Social Sciences
Computing Cooperative may serve as models for training initiatives in other
areas.
• E
xplore options for sharing costs of software licensing to increase affordability
such as coordinating site license purchases and/or establishing key server systems.
• S
tudy the feasibility of centralized campus facilities and services for data storage,
backup, and archiving.
• Implement the Campus Master Plan, especially for the east end of campus and
pursue fundraising for these projects.
Criterion 4b
“[In the future, UW–Madison will
be defined by its] ability to carry out
research and education across disciplines and with a variety of partners
and being perceived as the go-to
organization for advancing knowledge required to meet the challenges
of a changing world.”
UW–Madison alumnus
Dane County resident
Vision 2. Promote, Foster, and Support Interdisciplinary
Research
Interdisciplinary research has long been and will continue to be at the creative center
of the UW–Madison’s mission. Confronting complex environmental, social, cultural,
economic, and medical changes and challenges, whether local or global, requires the
collaborative, visionary efforts of faculty and staff across multiple disciplines. An interdisciplinary campus engaged with the constant ferment of our larger world is likewise
essential for attracting and retaining the best faculty, as well as for preparing students to
be active thinkers, workers, and citizens.
The Cluster Hiring Initiative, begun in 1998, was an incentive plan designed to facilitate
interdisciplinary strategic hiring. This plan resulted in the funding of 49 clusters including
147 new faculty members with full or partial centralized cluster funding. Aligned with
senior “cluster coordinator” faculty who had already been engaged in work across academic disciplines and campus units, new cluster hires have built networks of affiliated
faculty, created new curricula, undertaken pioneering research and creative work, and
presented their accomplishments through both conventional and innovative formats.
For example, the strategic approval of numerous biological science clusters (Bioethics,
Biomedical Engineering, Biophotonics, Chemical Biology, Computational Systems
Biology, Molecular Biometry, Structural Biology, Symbiosis, Zebrafish Biology, and more)
has vaulted the university to a position of international prominence in these areas. The
report of the Cluster/Interdisciplinary Advisory Committee to evaluate the Cluster Hiring
Initiative was released in April 2008.
Discovery and Learning
In addition, campus infrastructures poised to assist researchers seeking external funding
for integrative research programs will help us maintain strong support from outside
the university. For example, several interdisciplinary initiatives, notably the Wisconsin
Institutes for Discovery, the Wisconsin Bioenergy Initiative, the Institute for Clinical and
Translational Research, and the Center for the Study of Upper Midwestern Cultures have
attracted funding from outside the university and brought together research partners
from on and off campus to work on large-scale projects.
In order to retain our preeminence as leaders in interdisciplinary research, we must
effectively address five broad, often overlapping goals: (1) departmental structures; (2)
faculty positions and tenure guidelines; (3) research initiatives and infrastructures; (4)
student programs and opportunities; and (5) public visibility. Increased funding, both
internal and external, will benefit each area, yet open minds and strategic methods are
equally critical.
Goal 1. Develop structures within academic departments to enhance
interdisciplinary research and programs
Formal interdisciplinary units have been an integral part of campus life since at least
1927, when the Experimental College was established. The Women’s Studies Program
and numerous ethnic, area, and international studies programs, to cite a few examples,
began to flourish in the 1970s, while the creation of the Biotechnology Center in 1984
heralded the steady growth of interdisciplinary programs in the sciences, engineering,
and medicine. Currently the campus includes more than 260 interdisciplinary research
centers and institutes, 63 certificate programs, and many departments whose varied
tracks and faculty interests epitomize an interdisciplinary stance.
Despite the evident presence and worth of interdisciplinary campus units, however,
some departments resent, even resist, their growth. While such sentiments may be
attributed in small part to the canonical, status quo stance of some senior faculty, far
more frequently they stem from the steady loss of faculty lines, inadequate or nonexistent space for departmental staff and research activities, and the understandable fear
that, during periods of economic decline, more support for interdisciplinary programs
results in correspondingly less support for departments. Hence the important responsibility of departments to value both their center and their various peripheries may favor
the former over the latter when times are hard.
Recommendations
To ensure symbiotic relations among disciplines, while sustaining the intellectual
boundary-crossing critical to a great university, we must continue to foster collaborative research and creative work across departments and complementary units through
increased communication and the reduction of interdepartmental barriers. Most crucially, we must:
• Increase access to resources that sustain interdisciplinary endeavors, including
internal funding for joint ventures between departments and interdisciplinary
units, common space for research and creative productions, and informational
technologies that enable storing, archiving, and sharing of digital materials for
researchers in all campus units.
• A
ddress the critical core staffing needs of campus departments, while at the same
time strongly encourage departments to make increasingly active alliances with
kindred campus units by recruiting new faculty possessing both disciplinary and
interdisciplinary competence.
Goal 2. Ensure the success of junior interdisciplinary faculty
Challenges of cluster hire and interdisciplinary faculty in achieving tenure. Untenured
faculty who have contributed to clusters have typically faced greater challenges than
junior faculty whose contracts do not require interdisciplinary efforts. Each must meet
the expectations of his or her home department, yet many who have split appointments
must do the same for a second unit. Likewise more than a few cluster appointments span
two colleges (e.g., Agricultural and Life Sciences, and Letters and Science) and expecta-
Criterion 2b
Criterion 3c
Criterion 4b
221
222
Discovery and Learning
tions are further complicated by contractual affiliations with one or more centers. Thus
some junior cluster faculty, who are especially dedicated to interdisciplinary work, have
been regarded by their home departments’ disciplinary centrists as having an unfair
entitlement. Still other junior cluster faculty have been constrained by departmental
demands against engaging in too much interdisciplinary work prior to gaining tenure.
Cluster faculty appear to be tenured at the same rate as noncluster faculty.5 Yet, to thrive,
some cluster hire faculty report that untenured cluster faculty must successfully absorb
and satisfy sets of standards and practices that are seldom congruent, justify conducting
research that some of their diverse colleagues might regard as betwixt and between, and
make a case for presenting their work in formats or outlets that, because they are pioneering and avowedly interdisciplinary, may not be recognized by some colleagues as
sufficiently prestigious. Even so, divisional committee guidelines work against the inclusion
of senior faculty with split appointments whose experience provides a concrete understanding of the challenges faced by interdisciplinary junior faculty. Currently two members
of the same department, even if one has only a partial appointment, cannot serve simultaneously on a given divisional committee. To cite a recent example, a faculty member with
a 75 percent appointment in astronomy and 25 percent appointment in physics was ineligible, in keeping with current rules, to serve on the divisional committee because, even
though there was not a member from astronomy, there was a member from physics.
Recommendations
To ensure ongoing and future success of interdisciplinary work, we must continue to
hire faculty whose expertise spans disciplines; learn from and build upon successful
interdisciplinary hiring processes that involved departments, programs, centers, and
colleges working together; and foster increased communication between disciplinary
and interdisciplinary campus units, as well as divisional committees regarding the status
of junior faculty who have contractually explicit interdisciplinary responsibilities. Most
crucially, we must:
• S
ystematically improve the mentoring of interdisciplinary junior faculty, especially those with split appointments;
• D
evelop appropriately flexible standards to be used by departments, interdisciplinary units, and divisional committees for the equitable evaluation of interdisciplinary research and creative work;
• A
mend current divisional committee eligibility guidelines to allow service of faculty with a minor appointment in a department that is already represented on
the committee.
Goal 3. Enhance research initiatives and infrastructures
Criterion 2b
Criterion 4a
Initiatives and infrastructures that catalyze and facilitate interdisciplinary research and
creative work between participants from different campus units have been and will continue to be essential to the university’s continued excellence. Future-oriented building
projects ranging from the ever-expanding medical school complex, to the recently
transformed engineering campus, to the emerging Wisconsin Institutes for Discovery, to
the establishment of the Arts Institute and corresponding development of an “arts district” are among many examples wherein the spatial proximity of disciplinary diversity
fosters a creative intellectual commonwealth. Plans afoot to house complementary arts
and humanities units under the same roof augur comparable synergy. Several internal
funding sources, including the Graduate School’s research competition and the Baldwin
Wisconsin Idea Endowment, support the conduct and dissemination of interdisciplinary
research, while interdisciplinarity has become an important criterion for such significant
external granting agencies as the NIH and NSF. The campus libraries and the Division
of Information Technology offer training, technical assistance, digital laboratories, and
Web space and networks supportive of research. And competitive cluster-enhancement
grants offer administrative support to emerging research efforts.
Funding and administrative challenges to interdisciplinary research. At the same time,
there is a considerable dearth of arts and humanities research support relative to the
sciences. Federal grants from the National Endowment for the Arts, for example, never
Discovery and Learning
exceed $100,000 and are most commonly awarded in amounts of less than $30,000;
nor is funding appreciably better through the National Endowment for the Humanities.
Small awards in the sciences, in contrast, are many times the amount of large awards in
the arts and humanities. Meanwhile the levying of tuition-remission charges on project
and research assistantships has reduced graduate student participation in interdisciplinary research since there are seldom either grant funds or the equivalents of departmental gifts to cover the added $4,000 per semester. The new rules for effort-reporting
for campus researchers supported by research grants also hinders collaborations outside
of grant-funded projects because of the newly imposed 1 percent de minimis limit on
non–project-related activity.
At the same time, the current system in some parts of campus that channels indirect
costs to only one campus unit further inhibits the development of interdisciplinary grant
applications because of the funding inequities. Some units are reluctant to let investigators from their academic unit work on grants in cases where the indirect costs go to
another unit.
Recommendations
In support of research initiatives and infrastructures, we must continue and, when possible, increase current efforts, while exploring low-cost methods to help collaborators
from different disciplines find one another, possibly through an online “matchmaker
service,” as well as through the annual campus-sponsored conference on interdisciplinarity. Most crucially, we must:
•
rovide administrative assistance to faculty seeking and implementing externally
P
funded interdisciplinary research programs.
•
Address the arts and humanities/sciences funding divide.
•
Waive or otherwise ameliorate tuition (or tuition-related) charges for graduate
student researchers.
•
Evaluate the de minimis for effort reporting.
•
Develop policies for indirect cost sharing that encourage grant-funded interdisciplinary projects.
Goal 4. Enhance interdisciplinary educational opportunities
Undergraduate and graduate students alike seek interdisciplinary research experience in growing numbers, through both their courses and assisting with or independently undertaking projects. From 1996 to 2006, interdisciplinary certificate programs
increased markedly from 25 to 63, while the number of students earning certificates
more than doubled from 345 in 1996 to 745 in 2006. The latter figure might have
been larger had not such certificate programs as Jewish Studies and Religious Studies
also developed undergraduate majors. There are such joint graduate programs as the
Ph.D. in History and History of Science, and the M.A. in Urban and Regional Planning
and Public Affairs, as well as units like the Nelson Institute for Environmental Studies
that are active in brokering joint graduate degree programs. Likewise from 2000 to the
present, 38 doctoral students have been approved by the Graduate School to earn joint
Ph.D. degrees with two majors, while 37 students on the master’s and doctoral levels
have either earned or been approved for interdisciplinary “special committee degrees,”
with several concentrating in such areas as folklore, mathematics and computation engineering, public policy, and textile art and design. Additional interdisciplinary certificate
and degree programs are in development (e.g., clinical investigation, computational
biology/bioinformatics, museum studies, visual culture). Dual campus degree programs
with research opportunities are also in the works, notably the joint venture in architectural history involving UW–Madison’s Ph.D. in art history and UW–Milwaukee’s Ph.D. in
architecture. Increased numbers of cross-listed courses and new tracks within existing
departments further support interdisciplinary ferment, as does the elimination of the
L&S 10 Credit Rule, which had formerly limited students’ ability to take more than a few
courses in a department outside their major.
Criterion 3c
Criterion 5c
223
224
Discovery and Learning
Many certificate programs, however, struggle to offer their students research opportunities. Graduate and undergraduate research fellowships, special funding for field schools,
and aforementioned faculty grant support for students have all declined in recent years.
Likewise interdisciplinary certificate programs sometimes lack adequate administrative
support, while would-be certificate and degree programs such as comparative ethnic
studies have moved slowly because of administrative and fiscal challenges.
On the graduate level, would-be students who wish to pursue an advanced degree in any
of the university’s numerous, prestigious, and emerging interdisciplinary programs are
regularly denied acceptance or simply apply elsewhere—despite the presence of faculty,
courses, and research initiatives aligned with their interests—because they must enroll in
an established degree-granting unit that regards their candidacy as a marginal fit.
Recommendations
To ensure graduate and undergraduate acquisition of interdisciplinary research skills and
participation in related research projects, we must continue to support the interdisciplinary aspects of departmentally based degree programs; encourage undergraduates
to augment their major with a certificate; explore opportunities for resource sharing
between complementary programs; sustain and monitor special committee degrees,
some of which might merit formal degree programs; and create new opportunities for
interdisciplinary student research and creative endeavors. Most crucially, we must:
• E
mpower the Graduate School to admit, on an experimental basis, promising
graduate students who wish to pursue special committee M.A., M.S., and Ph.D.
degrees in interdisciplinary fields not currently defined by existing programs.
Goal 5. Enhance the public visibility of interdisciplinary work
Excellent interdisciplinary research and creative work is too important to be confined
solely to student and academic audiences. The interdisciplinary research and creative
efforts of university faculty, staff, and students are frequently, justifiably featured in local
and national media, including public radio and television. The newly launched Big Ten
Network may provide another means of publicizing campus-based interdisciplinary
research and creative work.
Criterion 4
Criterion 5b-c
Some interdisciplinary research and creative work, however, in addition to being the
subject of media attention, is best presented primarily through publicly accessible means
rather than through conventional journal articles and books with more exclusive academic orientations. Arts faculty and staff, of course, have long been involved with creative public exhibitions and performance, yet their colleagues in the humanities, social
sciences, and sciences have increasing opportunities to present their findings through
sophisticated Web sites, museum exhibits, films, radio documentaries, and the like.
CALS faculty, especially, share their work through such modes as Extension with constituencies around the state, often collaborating with local communities. Elsewhere on
campus, the Baldwin Wisconsin Idea Endowment, instituted in 2003, has made possible
such interdisciplinary research-based outreach projects as Wisconsin Weather Stories
(involving the Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, the Folklore Program,
the Wisconsin Arts Board, and K–12 science and language arts teachers) and Native Star
Stories (involving the Department of Life Sciences Communication, the Space Science
and Engineering Center, the American Indian Studies Program, and tribal educators).
Recommendations
As a public research and land grant university with a unique relationship with our state
and its legislature, we must continue to collaborate with appropriate external organizations on projects with public impact; and persist in sharing our interdisciplinary work
with the larger world through public media, forums, and communiqués. Most crucially,
we must:
• E
ncourage and support the presentation of interdisciplinary research in publicly
accessible formats, especially in cases where such formats constitute an appropriate alternative to conventional academic publications;
Discovery and Learning
• P
artner with UW System and CIC institutions, as appropriate, to develop the
most effective means of presenting interdisciplinary work to a broad public
audience.
Criterion 5a,d
Vision 3. Increase Our Competitiveness in Graduate ­Education
and Research
Graduate students are critical to the research and teaching missions of our university.
Research carried out by our graduate students drives the discovery and knowledge engine
of our university; it is one of the unique attributes of our university, which enhances our
ability to recruit excellent faculty and staff. Our graduate students elevate our teaching
by passing their enthusiasm and knowledge to our undergraduate students and moreover, many courses depend on graduate student teachers. In addition, approximately
25 percent of our Ph.D. and 35 percent of our M.S. students remain in Wisconsin after
graduation,6 further contributing to our state’s economy and economic development.
Thus, we place high value on recruiting, training, and mentoring graduate students.
Criterion 2b
Yet, the pressures of flat state support and extramural federal funding, combined with
the increased costs associated with supporting graduate students as research or teaching
assistants, threaten to reduce the number of graduate students that can be supported
from grants, fellowships, gifts, or departmental funds, jeopardizing our research and
teaching missions. Graduate student support costs include the stipend to support the
teaching or research activities, fringe benefits to pay for health insurance, fees, etc., and
a tuition-remission surcharge to recover tuition costs for research or project assistants.
All three components have increased at rates well above inflation over the last ten years
except for teaching assistant stipends, which have remained relatively flat. Because of
limited resources and increasing costs associated with graduate education, we are now
at a crossroads. Will we continue to invest in graduate education to maintain our excellence as a top-tier research institution?
As leaders in graduate education, we also recognize that while the number of minority
students obtaining M.S. and Ph.D. degrees at UW–Madison has remained relatively steady
over the past ten years, the numbers do not yet reflect the diversity of our state and the
nation, limiting our ability to capitalize on changing demographics. Finally, integrating the
training of our graduate students into a rapidly changing global landscape is a constant
challenge. Mentoring and professional development skills require continual evaluation to
ensure the training of outstanding graduate students and capitalize on their creative and
intellectual potential. Here, we outline four goals in graduate education that should be
addressed to maintain our outstanding cohort of graduate students.
Goal 1. Resolve the graduate student funding problem
Ten years from now, we must be able to compete for the brightest and most diverse
graduate students to maintain our standard of excellence as a top-tier institution. Yet,
graduate education is at great risk because costs to programs and faculty have risen
beyond their available resources. Over the last ten years, the cost to a grant or department for stipends and the tuition-remission surcharge for graduate assistants have dramatically increased and now threaten the ability of graduate programs to fund their
students. If nothing is done to reverse these trends, the quality and quantity of graduate students could decrease and have a profoundly negative impact on research and
teaching at our university (see figure 20 and table 20, for current trends).
The increase in the cost of graduate tuition has created a burden for funding prestigious
fellowships and training grants. Over the last ten years, tuition for a nonresident graduate student has increased $10,000, from $14,395 to $25,454, while resident tuition
has increased $4,500 (table 21). In addition, fringe benefit costs have increased by more
than 100 percent in the same time period. Since the majority (65 percent) of graduate
students are classified as nonresidents, the overall costs of fellows and trainees have risen
substantially in the past decade, creating a burden for (1) the Graduate School, which
normally funds a portion of the tuition costs for trainees and fellows, and (2) faculty
or departments, who often fund fellows’ tuition. The increases in tuition and fringes
have outpaced the amount available from the Graduate School, thus creating a budget
Criterion 2a
Criterion 2b
225
226
Discovery and Learning
Figure 20. Number of UW–Madison Research and Project Assistants Support
from Federal Funds
Table 20. Number of Graduate Student Project and Research Assistants 1993–2007.
Source: Academic Planning and Analysis, Office of the Provost, UW–Madison, 5/1/2008
shortfall, and causing some departments to have to ask students not to seek external
fellowships for which they would otherwise be eligible. Because the Graduate School
can no longer afford to fully supplement the tuition component of traineeships, a task
force was appointed to find an equitable solution to this. No qualified students who
have been awarded highly competitive prestigious fellowships from funding agencies or
foundations should be turned away because of insufficient university resources to pay
the tuition component.
The cost to programs of the tuition-remission surcharge has increased dramatically over
the last ten years. About a decade ago, the types of graduate student appointments that
were granted waivers of tuition (remissions) changed. This policy led to more graduate
students eligible for tuition remissions, and together with the large increases in tuition
during the last ten years, dramatically increased the amount of tuition dollars waived.
The history of tuition-remission policies and how tuition remissions factor into the base
Discovery and Learning
Table 21. Trends in Academic Year Tuition and Required Fees
UW-Madison
Tuition & Fees
Resident Undergraduate
Non-Resident Undergraduate
Resident Graduate
Non-Resident Graduate
Annual Percent Increase
Resident Undergraduate
Non-Resident Undergraduate
Resident Graduate
Non-Resident Graduate
Average of Other Public Big Ten
Tuition & Fees
Resident Undergraduate
Non-Resident Undergraduate
Resident Graduate
Non-Resident Graduate
Annual Percent Increase
Resident Undergraduate
Non-Resident Undergraduate
Resident Graduate
Non-Resident Graduate
1998-99
1999-00
2000-01
2001-02
2002-03
2003-04
2004-05
2005-06
2006-07
2007-08
$ 3,408
11,588
4,928
15,190
$ 3,738
13,052
5,406
17,110
$ 3,791
14,189
5,887
18,597
$ 4,089
15,976
6,361
20,500
$ 4,426
18,426
6,880
22,150
$ 5,139
19,139
7,593
22,863
$ 5,866
19,866
8,320
23,590
$ 6,284
20,284
8,738
24,008
$ 6,730
20,730
9,184
24,454
$ 7,188
21,438
9,642
24,913
5.1
5.5
5.0
5.5
9.7
12.6
9.7
12.6
1.4
8.7
8.9
8.7
7.9
12.6
8.1
10.2
8.2
15.3
8.2
8.0
16.1
3.9
10.4
3.2
14.1
3.8
9.6
3.2
7.1
2.1
5.0
1.8
7.1
2.2
5.1
1.9
6.8
3.4
5.0
1.9
Institutions (excluding UW-Madison)
$ 4,605
12,716
5,559
12,834
$ 4,786
13,248
5,760
13,311
$ 5,012
13,847
6,029
13,927
$ 5,484
14,972
6,516
14,929
$ 6,302
16,747
7,348
16,582
$ 7,043
18,427
7,980
18,054
$ 7,634
19,763
8,627
19,248
$ 8,215
20,966
9,245
20,424
$ 8,867
22,197
9,921
21,603
$ 9,424
23,507
10,549
22,804
4.3
4.0
4.0
3.9
3.9
4.2
3.6
3.7
4.7
4.5
4.7
4.6
9.4
8.1
8.1
7.2
14.9
11.9
12.8
11.1
11.8
10.0
8.6
8.9
8.4
7.3
8.1
6.6
7.6
6.1
7.2
6.1
7.9
5.9
7.3
5.8
6.3
5.9
6.3
5.6
Notes: The rate shown for UW-Madison non-resident undergraduates in 2001-02 does not include a 2.2 percent rate increase that took effect in Spring 2002. The
other public Big Ten institutions include Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Michigan State, Minnesota, Ohio State, Penn State and Purdue. Sources: AAUDE Survey of
Academic Year Tuition & Required Fees at AAU Public Universities, and the University of Virginia Survey of Tuition & Fees.
Source: 2007–08 Data Digest
budget can be found in the report by the UW–Madison Tuition Remission Task Force.7
While a tuition-remission surcharge to recoup some of these tuition dollars from gifts
grants and sponsored research was in place before 2007, this policy did not recoup sufficient funds, resulting in a base budget deficit. The policy before 2007 also led to inequities in the amount of the surcharge per student, because the formula was based on
the percentage appointment rather than enrollment status. In addition, not all appointments or funding sources were subject to the surcharge, placing the largest burden on
graduate appointments funded from federal grants.
To address these issues, the Tuition Remission Task Force recommended a new formula,
which in 2007 led to a large increase in the tuition-remission surcharge and in the
number of graduate assistant stipends that were now “taxed.” For example, in 1999,
the average cost of the tuition-remission surcharge in a typical program in the biological
sciences programs was $4,000, whereas in 2007, the cost increased to $8,000. Because
this policy also changed the type of graduate appointment subject to the surcharge, this
placed a huge financial burden on many graduate programs including those that previously did not pay the tuition-remission surcharge.
The impact of the 2007 tuition-remission surcharge policy on graduate recruiting and
education has been of great concern to graduate programs across campus; these concerns have been articulated in the report from Letters and Science (Report of the College
of Letters and Science Graduate Student Stipend Committee [March 2007]).8 As described
in this report, many departments lack the resources to pay the cost of tuition-remission
surcharge even when stipend support is available, resulting in a cutback on the number
of students admitted. In addition, because grant awards typically have a three- to fouryear cycle, the increase in the tuition-remission surcharge decreased the number of
students that could be supported from existing grants and accordingly, put research
productivity in jeopardy.
Together with increases in tuition remission, the total cost of supporting a research
assistant in the biosciences (average for a typical biological sciences program: $22,331
in 1999 compared to $36,942 in 2007) is now nearly equivalent to the stipend of a firstyear postdoctoral research associate, who already has a Ph.D. Many faculty members
have expressed great concern that postdoctorates will replace graduate students
because of the high price tag associated with the training of graduate students balanced
227
228
Discovery and Learning
Table 22. Average 2006–07 Stipends for Graduate Assistants
Notes: All average stipends are for graduate assistants on the basis of half-time appointments for an academic year
(9- or 10-month) contract. The following public universities are included: Purdue, SUNY Stony Brook, Maryland,
Oregon, Florida, Michigan St., San Diego, SUNY Buffalo, Pittsburgh, Indiana, Irvine, Kansas, Minnesota, Ohio State,
Santa Barbara, Colorado, Davis, Wisconsin, Texas A&M, Berkeley, Michigan, Illinois, Rutgers, Washington, Iowa,
Nebraska, and UCLA. Source: Academic Planning and Analysis, Office of the Provost, UW–Madison, 2/5/2008
against the need for productivity to renew grants in a funding climate of diminishing
resources. Already, several large cross-campus bioscience graduate programs (microbiology, cellular and molecular biology) have decreased the number of admitted students
in response to the rising costs of graduate student support and the downward turn in
federal funding of grants.
“Graduate funding absolutely
needs to be a top priority in
campus planning.
UW–Madison student
In addition, TA salaries have become seriously noncompetitive with peer institutions. As
indicated in table 22 and the Report of the College of Letters and Science Graduate Student
Stipend Committee (March 2007), stipends for teaching assistants have not kept pace
with increases at peer institutions. Peer institutions routinely use multiyear stipend packages to recruit students, with TAships accounting for one to four years of the package,
depending on discipline. Setting TA stipend levels is a complex issue at UW–Madison
because of the way TA salaries are negotiated and the previous agreement made with
the TA union to cap salaries in favor of tuition waivers. Nevertheless, the current data in
this report and table 22 demonstrate that UW–Madison TA packages are not competitive
with their peers, thus eroding our ability to compete for the best graduate students.
Discovery and Learning
229
Recommendations
We recognize that each solution requires new funding and that each potential action
may affect the ability to implement others. Thus, each recommendation must be carefully considered to consider the larger impact. To achieve our goals, we recommend
that our campus:
• O
ffer competitive stipend packages (including health insurance). The campus must be diligent in identifying new sources of support to fund graduate
students. Where multiple-year packages are necessary to compete, colleges or
schools should develop a safety net fund for departments to ensure multiple-year
offers in the rare case where resources for support do not materialize.
• R
educe the tuition-remission surcharge by following the recommendations
of the Tuition Remission Task Force. The increase in the surcharge was intended only as a short-term solution; as noted by the Tuition Remission Task Force,
long-term resolution of the budget deficit must address the cause of the budget
deficit and eliminate it from the budget, thereby reducing the surcharge. Thus,
we strongly endorse the recommendations of the Tuition Remission Task Force to
find alternative mechanisms to fund the tuition-remission shortfall.
• R
educe the cost of tuition to training grants and fellowships. Currently there
is a task force studying possible solutions to reduce tuition costs for fellowships
and traineeships, including changes in residency requirements, tuition waiver
options, and increased funds from a variety of sources, both public and private.
We recognize that a reduction in tuition alone would still create a campus budget shortfall that would also require a solution, and that many stakeholders must
participate in the solution to this crucial issue.
Goal 2. Improve the proactiveness of the Graduate School in communicating and establishing graduate student policies related to funding and
recruiting
The Graduate School has a key role in overseeing both research and graduate education;
there is no doubt that the strength of our graduate programs has benefited from this synergy.
Yet, there is a perception among faculty that the Graduate School has not been sufficiently
proactive in solving the current graduate student funding problem, which is necessary to
maintain our strength in graduate education and if not remedied, research productivity will
erode. The obvious negative impact on securing extramural grants (already a difficult situation for federal grants) and recruiting of faculty and students is of concern. Thus, how these
problems are being solved needs to be better communicated to the faculty.
Another challenge in graduate education is coordinating and anticipating programmatic needs for developing new graduate programs or accessing new trends in graduate
student recruiting. Screening applications and recruiting of prospective graduate students by departments or programs is a time and resource-intensive activity that is critical
to obtaining an outstanding pool of graduate students. In general, this is a strength of
our campus. Yet, there are large differences across campus in recruiting practices that
appropriately reflect our different disciplines and cultures; different disciplines have different needs and a one-size-fits-all solution is neither practical nor desired. However,
while maintaining programmatic control over recruiting allows “local” responses to
changes in some recruiting practices (e.g. stipends, types of visits, program curriculum),
we lack any infrastructure or incentive to respond to national trends that would require
cross-campus coordination of efforts (e.g. formation of umbrella programs, new degree
programs, cross-disciplinary training, developing new Graduate School resources) or to
identify changes that have a broader impact on campus recruiting (e.g. stipend levels,
training grant policies). Graduate School coordination, planning, and communication
are needed in this area.
Recommendations
The Graduate School should be more proactive in considering and communicating policies that affect funding of graduate students, and establishing best practices in graduate
recruiting and identifying new programmatic needs. We thus recommend to:
We must be able to compete for
the brightest and most diverse
graduate-student population to
maintain our standard of
excellence as a top-tier institution. To recruit outstanding
students, we must offer competitive stipend packages, and make
funding graduate support costs
to departments, grants, fellowships, and gifts more affordable
to accomplish our research and
teaching goals.
Criterion 2b
230
Discovery and Learning
• D
etermine how to best communicate with faculty on issues related to graduate student funding and other policies. The campus committees for fellowships in each of the four divisions may be an appropriate resource for addressing
these questions and determining how communication can be improved;
• D
evelop best practices and trends in graduate student recruiting. Data
should be collected and reviewed by the Graduate School on a yearly basis to
identify changes in recruiting trends and stipend levels, to establish best practices
in recruiting, and to communicate this information back to departments and
programs (this already occurs to a certain extent in the Biological Sciences Division). General materials for advertising the university, its cross-campus strengths,
and the community of collaboration should be developed and distributed to all
programs and departments. The Graduate School should partner with colleges
and schools to respond quickly to needs for new graduate programs, particularly
those that cross traditional disciplinary boundaries.
Criterion 2a
Criteria 1a,b
Goal 3. Increase the diversity of our graduate student population by
developing new programs and pipelines
We must continue to make diversity of the graduate student population a priority and
significantly increase the population of underrepresented graduate students in the next
ten years. The number of underrepresented Ph.D. candidates and their success rate
in graduation has remained relatively steady during the past ten years.9 A few programs stand out for their successes in recruiting underrepresented students, particularly
National Institutes of Health (NIH) training grant programs and the Graduate Research
Scholars (GRS) program in engineering. Their successes point to possibilities for new
approaches in this area.
Role of the Graduate School in recruitment of underrepresented graduate students. The
Graduate School through its Office of Graduate Student Diversity Resources and Fellowships
Office has historically managed the resources, such as Advanced Opportunity Fellowships
(AOF) and travel to targeted colleges or conferences, and to some extent coordinated
these efforts. The Graduate School also sponsors a Ronald E. McNair Scholars program
and Summer Research Opportunities Program (SROP) with approximately 12 different
programs on campus, designed to increase the pipeline to graduate school for a diverse
population. The Multicultural Graduate Network is aimed at retention, professional development, and community building, and works in cooperation with the GRS communities and the Graduate Student Collaborative (GSC) on a series of events, workshops, and
presentations throughout the year.10 However, despite these efforts, the campus has not
significantly increased its success rate in recruiting underrepresented graduate students
during the past ten years. These programs (as far as this committee is aware) have not been
reviewed nor have they been subject to input from other successful external programs.
Recently, the Graduate School has shifted some of the responsibility and corresponding
budgetary authority to schools and colleges by establishing GRS communities11 following the successful model of the College of Engineering. However, it is unclear
whether this shift of resources will be more successful than the previous model without
developing specific criteria for success and accountability. Thus, all these programs need
to be reviewed on a regular basis.
Increasing the pipeline of qualified applicants is a critical need. While recruitment is
certainly one key component to increasing the representation of graduate students,
developing partnerships to increase our applicant pool is just as critical. In the biological
sciences, some effective partnerships have been established. For many years, two faculty
members in the Department of Bacteriology made frequent trips to University of Puerto
Rico campuses, which provided a steady flow of applicants to the microbiology programs. More recently, a graduate of the UW–Madison Department of Bacteriology Ph.D.
program encouraged applicants from the University of Puerto Rico–Mayaguez, where
he is currently a faculty member, to apply to UW–Madison. In addition, the School of
Education has established a successful partnership with UC–Irvine in counseling psychology and other social science programs, and faculty in all divisions have established
Discovery and Learning
relationships with Howard University, the University of New Mexico, Xavier University
of Louisiana, and others. The Graduate School helps to establish formal and informal
partnerships with schools that have large numbers of underrepresented students. The
effectiveness of those partnerships still needs to be documented. Building and maintaining bridges with colleges and universities that have large numbers of underrepresented students should be a priority.
The UW–Madison Center for Biology Education administers a large number of summer
research programs in the Integrated Biological Sciences Summer Research Program,12
which provides a source of underrepresented student applicants. A number of other
programs (including programs in the physical and social sciences) are described at the
Graduate School’s Web site.13 There is a perception that we could improve recruiting
efforts among this group of students by developing a systematic process to increase
their application rates to our campus, either through follow-up contacts when returning
to the home institution or through more active education about the application process,
the strength of our programs, and funding opportunities. The Graduate School is in the
process of developing a large-scale tracking program that will include UW–Madison
and other CIC SROP students and applicants, McNair scholars from around the country,
and contacts with prospective students made at graduate fairs, conferences, and other
campus visits, whether at partnership or other schools, which should aid in this goal.
Partnering with master’s program—the SFSU model—for increasing the pipeline of
qualified students. One model that has worked nationally in the biosciences to increase
recruitment of Ph.D. students is to build connections with a small number of colleges
that train underrepresented master’s-level students in the biological sciences and provide
a pipeline of qualified students to Ph.D. programs. Dr. Frank Bayliss of San Francisco State
University presented data at UW–Madison in 2007 on placement of master’s students
from SFSU in top-tier, U.S. Ph.D. programs in the biosciences. Funding from NIH and NSF
supports master’s students at SFSU, providing them with stipends and the competencies
necessary to be successful in top-tier, biologically oriented Ph.D. programs. Establishing
other successful partnerships as exemplified by SFSU should be vigorously pursued.
Retaining underrepresented students. The Department of Counseling Psychology can be
seen as an example of a “best practice” department in its efforts to recruit and retain
students of color. The department determined that climate was one significant barrier
to past efforts. Thus, the department rewrote its mission and vision statements in order
to put diversity and social justice at the core, and then undertook efforts to align all
aspects of the program with the new, and renewed, mission/vision. The department
(1) comprehensively reviewed and made changes to courses, methods of delivery, and
requirements to overcome obstacles that stood in the way of student recruitment and
retention; (2) comprehensively reviewed and made changes to mentoring and support
(financial and otherwise) practices to make them more effective; (3) redoubled efforts
to recruit faculty of color; and (4) created a comprehensive marketing campaign to
promote the academic mission. The department’s comprehensive approach not only
resulted in tripling enrollment of students of color within the past eight years, but also
moved the department’s national standing from a second-tier program to one that is in
a perennial tie for first. Details of the department’s strategies and programs can be found
at the School of Education’s Web site.14
The role of faculty-initiated programs. Douglass Henderson, professor of engineering
physics and a campus leader in developing initiatives for improving diversity, developed
the Graduate Engineering Research Scholars (GERS) program based on a model at Rice
University. This model has been replicated across campus, launching the Community of
Graduate Research Scholars (C–GRS) in the College of Letters and Science; Science and
Medicine Graduate Research Scholars (SciMed–GRS); and Education Graduate Research
Scholars (Ed–GRS). Professor Henderson and Professor Molly Carnes, School of Medicine
and Public Health, brought UW–Madison into the large NSF-supported network of
Louis Stokes Alliance for Minority Participation programs with a proposal establishing
the Wisconsin Alliance for Minority Participation. This NSF grant set up an alliance with
twenty-one institutions throughout the state including the thirteen UW System fouryear campuses to increase the number of ethnic and racial minorities graduating with
degrees in a science or engineering major.
Criterion 5c
231
232
Discovery and Learning
Further capitalizing on national funding initiatives to support graduate training of ethnic
and racial minority students, Professor Carnes led a team of investigators including
Professors Ian Bird and Gloria Sarto (School of Medicine and Public Health) and several
key academic staff (Drs. Chris Pfund and Angela Byars-Winston) who received a $2
million grant from the NIH to increase the successful recruitment and retention of
diverse graduate students in the broad area of women’s health. Professors Henderson
and Carnes along with Drs. Chris Pfund, Jennifer Sheridan, and Manuela Romero,
also submitted a proposal to the NSF to establish the Wisconsin Institute for Research
and Evaluation on Diversity in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics,
which would provide an administrative umbrella for diversity programs in STEM areas
on campus. Together, they are seeking grant support to establish the North Country
Alliance for Graduate Education, consisting of UW–Madison, UW–Milwaukee, and the
University of Minnesota, whose goals are to increase the number of underrepresented
minority students earning Ph.D.s in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics,
and those pursuing academic careers, as well as transforming the cultural norms within
these institutions.
Recommendations
Despite the best efforts and intentions of many faculty, students, and staff, and the
competitiveness of our graduate programs, we lack an effective strategy to increase
the diversity of our graduate student population. Thus, we must develop effective and
accountable programs for increasing the number of and retaining underrepresented
graduate students at UW–Madison. We recommend that we:
• R
eview campus programs for increasing graduate student diversity. To
improve our success in this area, we recommend that the campus review the
efforts of the Graduate School and other units that administer programs with
goal to enhance recruiting and retention of underrepresented graduate students. An external panel of experts should review the GRS programs and the
programs housed within the Graduate School diversity office. The review panel
should provide advice and recommendations on how to improve our recruiting
strategies and how to establish criteria for achieving campuswide success and
accountability.
• D
evelop partnerships with M.S. programs to increase the pipeline of qualified students. Our campus should strengthen its relationship with San Francisco
State University and the master’s program developed by Dr. Bayliss. We also suggest that our campus should identify other master’s programs at UW–Madison,
in the UW System, and in the Midwest and South to create new partnerships,
Discovery and Learning
using the SFSU program as a model. We should support existing master’s programs at UW–Madison such as Afro-American studies, which already provides a
pipeline of qualified Ph.D. candidates to the history Ph.D. program.
• C
ontinue partnerships with colleges and universities that target recruitment
of undergraduates for graduate degrees. We recommend the formation of
cross-disciplinary faculty teams that work together to increase recruitment of
underrepresented students across all divisions. The Graduate School should be
responsible for organizing visits of the cross-disciplinary teams to targeted colleges and universities, where they would meet with administrators, faculty, staff,
and students. They should continue in their efforts to develop a database to aid
graduate programs track prospective graduate students.
• C
ontinue to support summer research programs targeted to underrepresented students to increase the pipeline. We recommend that all tenure divisions should have summer research experiences for undergraduates as a way
of increasing the applicant pool for Ph.D. programs. The campus should help
colleges and schools identify external funding sources that would support these
summer programs and develop a process to increase application and recruitment
of students who have participated in a summer research program.
• S
upport faculty-initiated programs. Faculty-driven initiatives are particularly
important in achieving diversity goals, but faculty have limited time and resources to engage in these activities. Campus should support these efforts by providing some relief from other duties when a faculty member takes on a significant
administrative duty. In addition, administrative as well as budgetary support
should be provided to facilitate establishment of new programs.
• C
ontinue to support and expand department-based best practices to recruit
and retain students of color.
Goal 4. Develop best practices for graduate student mentoring and
professional development
Mentoring. We have an outstanding population of graduate student who are preparing
to become our next leaders, entrepreneurs, researchers, and teachers. We are fortunate
to have exceptional faculty to help students acquire research skills. While faculty mentoring is a key component of the Ph.D. training experience, little training is available
to faculty to learn mentoring skills. In addition, we have a large disparity in the orientation and advising programs available to first-year graduate students across campus.
Graduate students are an investment in our future and we should use campus resources
to improve mentoring and advising for all graduate students.
The value of graduate student professional development. To be competitive in a rapidly
changing world, graduate students will need skills in addition to their formal Ph.D.
training. For example, interdisciplinary training, collaborative skills, and a broad global
and cultural understanding will be an asset to many students in the next decade. While
faculty and graduate students understand the short-term value of training outstanding
students, it is less clear to what extent their long-term success is considered. In the
short term, well-trained students provide critical research needed to sustain research
efforts. However, long term, the success of former Ph.D. students is used as one criterion
in evaluating faculty. For example, if a student aspires to become a faculty member,
teaching experience and expertise are critical professional skills. Thus development of
professional skills must also be provided and encouraged. Currently, many opportunities are available for professional development at UW–Madison (e.g., The Graduate
School’s Professional Development Web site,15 Delta, library-based writing instruction,
ethics courses, etc.) but these experiences are not always well publicized or their importance to career building is not always appreciated or reinforced by thesis advisors. Other
opportunities to be considered are internships in industry, business, or other venues;
programs to develop leadership skills; and communication with the public sector.
Best practices for first-year orientation and advising programs. Much effort and
resources are spent in recruiting graduate students to our campus. Despite this, not all
graduate programs have an advising and orientation program for new graduate stu-
Criterion 4a
233
234
Discovery and Learning
dents to increase their chance for success. Many graduate programs in the biological
sciences have a structured orientation and advising program and a general example is
described here. Typically students arrive a week before classes begin, where registration, payroll, and health insurance are explained. Students are also introduced to the
faculty and students in their programs through a variety of planned events. The process
by which students find a thesis advisor is also clearly explained; in most biological sciences departments, this consists of a series of three rotations where students select three
faculty members to carry out research for a period of four to six weeks. Students typically
meet with a “first-year” faculty advisor who provides essential academic advice until a
thesis advisor is selected. Some programs assign student mentors to new students, who
are usually third- or fourth-year students, to help integrate incoming students into the
graduate experience and the culture of a department. At the end of the fall semester,
most students will have identified a thesis advisor, and then advising and mentoring are
transferred to this advisor and the student’s committee.
Recommendations
We must create a culture to facilitate the best possible mentoring and training of Ph.D.
students. Faculty and students should recognize that the more prepared our students
are to face the challenges of the future, the more successful our students will be, and
the more it will enhance the reputation of the university and the faculty. The following
recommendations should be viewed as a win-win situation.
• D
evelop a workshop to improve faculty-mentoring skills. A yearly workshop for
both new faculty and new graduate students should be created to learn how to
be a good mentor and mentee, using the model of the current workshop offered
by divisions for junior faculty and their mentors. The workshop would also identify existing resources at the UW–Madison that are available to faculty to aid in
mentoring graduate students.
• C
reate a culture where graduate students are encouraged to acquire professional
development skills during their graduate education. Faculty should allow students additional time to acquire teaching experience and other skills during their
Ph.D. training. We should also continue to support the efforts of the Graduate
School in developing the professional development skills of graduate students.
• R
equire that all graduate programs develop an advising and orientation program
for first-year students.
Criterion 3a,c
“The thing that I value most about
my time spent in Madison has been
the classroom experience. For the
first time in my life I feel intellectually
engaged, and I love that feeling.”
UW–Madison student
Vision 4. Enhance Undergraduate Education at UW–Madison
Advance and articulate the Wisconsin Experience for undergraduate education at
UW–Madison. UW–Madison continues to provide exceptional educational experiences
for its undergraduate students both within and beyond the classroom. The university
has consistently produced more Peace Corps and Teach for America volunteers than
almost any other institution of higher learning in the nation, and it has produced more
CEOs of major corporations than any other college or university. We graduate leaders
who positively change the world. We attribute this to our university’s unique grounding
in its service mission (the Wisconsin Idea) and the state’s progressive-movement history;
we also attribute our success to our ability to support rich and varied opportunities for
undergraduates to blend in- and out-of-class learning. Our ability to graduate exceptional
leaders is due to the unique Wisconsin Experience that we offer to our students.16
The comprehensiveness of our university, and the “balance” of excellence across our
divisions, is the foundation of our success. We consistently rank in the top three universities in the nation for external research funding, and first in funding in the social sciences.
Our undergraduates are thus exposed to excellence everywhere they turn on campus.
We offer an extremely rich array of academic programs and majors.
• W
e offer 135 majors at the bachelor’s level, 153 majors at the master’s level, 107
majors at the doctoral level, and 7 professional programs.
• W
e are one of only a handful of universities that contain their medical, law, and
other professional schools on one contiguous campus.
Discovery and Learning
• W
e offer to our undergraduates 9 capstone certificates, and 39 certificates overall; we offer 22 certificates to our graduate and professional students. In each of
the last three years, about 700 undergraduates have earned certificates.
While we have continued to do an excellent job at preparing college graduates for a
variety of employment opportunities, we must continue to retool and remain nimble
in the face of rapidly changing needs, abilities, and student expectations. Admission
to UW–Madison has become more competitive due to heightened demand, necessitating a balance between selectivity and accessibility. Understanding who represents
the incoming classes and remaining flexible in response to future shifts in this population will require that faculty, staff, and administrators remain cognizant of students’
changing needs and expectations, particularly as technology and increasing costs continue to transform higher education.
It is our responsibility as faculty and staff to help students recognize and achieve identifiable educational goals through their breadth, general education, and major requirements; as in the past, we need to provide students with educationally rich opportunities
and experiences both inside and outside the classroom.
Integrative learning at UW–Madison. In a recent issue of Liberal Education, Mary Taylor
Huber et al. noted “a growing consensus that breadth and depth are not enough …
[and that] the most promising initiatives for integrative learning are about finding strategic points of connection, threading attention to integrative learning throughout (and
between) an institution’s various programs, and encouraging and scaffolding students’
own efforts to connect the parts.”17
Indeed, AAC&U’s Liberal Education and America’s Promise (LEAP) defines integrative
learning as being “demonstrated through the application of knowledge, skills and
responsibilities to new settings and complex problems.” UW–Madison is well poised
to provide a strong educational commitment to this objective with, for example,
the Morgridge Center and service learning, our First-Year Interest Groups (FIGs) and
Undergraduate Research Scholars (URS) programs, Chadbourne and Bradley residential
learning communities, International Academic Programs, and many other initiatives that
provide excellent opportunities for students on this campus and beyond. What distinguishes UW–Madison from other public research universities is our history and commitment to the Wisconsin Idea—the dual commitment to address important problems
in the state and nation through our research, teaching, and service, while extending
the borders of the university beyond the borders of the state. In essence, we provide a
unique education to our students through their Wisconsin Experience. Excellence must
be the touchstone, whether in formal or informal learning environments.
The challenge lies in effectively implementing integrative learning in its various iterations. Although this currently happens through disciplinary majors and breadth requirements, creating meaningful cohesion between campus-sponsored or related student
experiences remains a challenge. Developing critical thinking skills, engaging in inquirybased analysis, understanding how to apply knowledge to practice, and recognizing the
value of empathy and understanding as the nation grows smaller through technology
but remains ethnically, religiously, and racially diverse: such concerns already undergird
undergraduate education. How these talents and skills become manifest in one’s education varies, of course, across disciplines. Different ways of knowing distinguishes disciplines and programs of study across campus, and students should engage in the many
ways scholars study and solve problems and pursue intellectual pursuits that produce
informed, thoughtful, creative, productive, and responsible citizens.
Regardless of their majors, undergraduates should rigorously pursue their studies with an
eye toward both future employment and their expanding roles as members of society.
Setting learning outcomes obviously varies by discipline and area of study, and the aim
of undergraduate education is always broader than one’s major. Program faculty and
staff encourage students to become and remain active learners, not passive recipients
of knowledge. This goal is common to all sound education, leading to success in the
present and in the future, long after one’s formal education comes to an end.
Criterion 4c
235
236
Discovery and Learning
We should continue to expect our students to achieve in the classroom and the laboratory, and to integrate the knowledge they gain in various courses and disciplines and use
it to solve real-world problems. Existing models, such as capstone courses and internships,
should be fostered and expanded into majors in which they do not yet exist. In addition, service-learning opportunities should be incorporated into the curriculum whenever
possible, in both advanced and introductory courses. This could be facilitated by relying
on recent graduates, such as those working in their respective fields or those serving in
organizations such as the Peace Corps. Forming alliances with county extension agents
and field-based employees of other state or federal agencies should be used to identify
service learning opportunities or to pose real-life problems that could be addressed or
discussed in the classroom. We must capitalize on the enormous resources available on
the UW–Madison campus to provide diverse approaches to learning, recognizing that
many different instructional paths may lead us toward academic excellence.
Recommendations
Combining discovery and learning is best achieved by connecting learning and living, in
and out of the classroom, as well as in formal and informal learning environments. This
has aptly been described for undergraduates as the Wisconsin Experience. To formalize
that experience, we offer the following recommendations.
• T
he campus should ensure that all students aspire to and embrace the basic
tenets of liberal education, campuswide. We support AAC&U’s LEAP Essential
Learning Outcomes for several reasons: (1) they articulate Liberal Education skills,
abilities, and competencies that apply equally as well across disciplines and levels
throughout the university; (2) they articulate outcomes that easily translate to
practical skills, abilities, and competencies; and (3) they capture student learning outcomes that higher education—and especially excellent public research
universities—are able to offer to their students.
• D
epartments, programs, and academic units must honor the ideals of liberal
education and ensure that undergraduates, whatever their majors, are able to
reach the Essential Learning Outcomes. The foundation of a high-quality undergraduate education is a rich and integrated experience that blends classroom
and lab-based instruction with out-of-class learning experiences. Whether in
classrooms, through service learning or study abroad, or the mastery of general
education and major-specific requirements, undergraduates must see the many
aspects of learning as symbiotic, mutually reinforcing, and intellectually rigorous
and engaging. Departments, program areas, and, indeed, every area of academ-
Discovery and Learning
ic instruction should work to link their various contributions to undergraduate
learning to more universal, campuswide goals.
• W
e encourage programs that state clear learning goals, combine in-class and
out-of-class learning, utilize small groups of diverse learners (diverse in background, learning style, and year in school), and are actively mentored by faculty
and staff.18 Analyses show that students are more likely to succeed when they
participate in these types of programs. Many students have already benefited
from such learning experiences. In particular, we should encourage experiences
in arenas in which UW–Madison excels: involving students in research and generation of knowledge, in global and cultural competencies, in leadership and
activism, and in opportunities that apply knowledge to real-world settings. These
four types of opportunities comprise the best of students’ Wisconsin Experience.
• T
he campus must support faculty and instructional staff to meet the broad goals
of liberal learning for all undergraduates. We need to cultivate and develop even
more opportunities for faculty and staff to have the capacity to teach students
as effectively as possible both in and out of the classroom. This will range from
professional development in traditional classroom-based settings, to productive
mentoring, to using technology wisely, to creative ways to team-teach and reach
across disciplines. Both Delta and WISELI provide excellent examples of how professional development can be provided to graduate students, faculty, and instructional staff. In particular, the literature is clear that traditional models of passive
learning, already abandoned by many faculty, should be substituted with collaborative and other innovative approaches to teaching, learning, and discovery.
• F inally, we have a long tradition of assessing student learning, as evidenced in
our history of regularized program reviews, general education assessment, and
our university’s ability to make educational program decisions based on learning outcomes.19 We can continue to seek ways to assess the effectiveness of our
teaching on student learning. There is no single gold standard of evaluation, but
UW–Madison’s assessment audit exemplifies one strategy, as does further exploration of the feasibility and utility of an ePortfolio, leadership record, or other
means to help students capture and reflect on the clear and positive educational
outcomes obtained through their in- and out-of-classroom experiences.
Criterion 3c
Criterion 4c
237
238
Discovery and Learning
Notes
1.www.bacter.wisc.edu
2.http://apa.wisc.edu/FacultySalary/AAUP%20peer%20comparison%20for%202007-08.pdf
3.www.nsf.gov/statistics/infbrief/nsf07336
4.www.delta.wisc.edu
5.Report of the Cluster/Interdisciplinary Advisory Committee to Evaluate the Cluster Hiring
Initiative July 2008, www.clusters.wisc.edu/pages/show/1#evaluation.
6.http://apa.wisc.edu/degrees_alumni.html
7.www.secfac.wisc.edu/TRTFFinalReport.pdf
8.www.ls.wisc.edu/Graduate%20Stipend%20Committee%20Report-Final.pdf
9.http://registrar.em.wisc.edu/students/acadrecords/enrollment_reports/diversity.php
10.http://info.gradsch.wisc.edu/education/diversity
11.http://info.gradsch.wisc.edu/education/diversity/gradscholar.html
12.www.wisc.edu/cbe/srp-bio
13.http://info.gradsch.wisc.edu/education/diversity/srop
14.www.education.wisc.edu/cp
15.http://info.gradsch.wisc.edu/education/gspd/skills.html
16.The Wisconsin Experience campaign is championed jointly by the Office of the Provost
and the Offices of the Dean of Students; see www.provost.wisc.edu/teach.html and
www.wisc.edu/students/wiexperience.htm.
17.www.aacu.org/liberaleducation
18.For a summary of the research behind these findings, see Ernest T. Pascarella and Patrick T.
Terenzini, How College Affects Students: A Third Decade of Research (San Francisco: Jossey-Bass,
2005). Our local analyses are consistent: analyses by the College of Letters and Science Office
of Student Academic Affairs finds that programs that engage small groups of diverse students
(diverse in abilities as well as background) with faculty, staff, and older students have a significant and positive impact on first-semester success and subsequent graduation. These analyses
were done on FIGs, URS, and other similar, small-group programs.
19.For a sample of recent reports and learning outcome assessments, see Office of Academic
Planning and Analysis, http://apa.wisc.edu.
Global Agenda
Global Agenda
239
Creating an Impact and
Shaping the Global Agenda
“UW–Madison needs to work
toward issues that help reasonably solve world problems:
hunger, health, over-population,
universal education, human
rights, international governmental cooperation, conflict
resolution, and the salvaging
of our planet from ecological
mismanagement.”
Academic staff member
240
Global Agenda
Co-Chairs
Jonathan A. Foley, Professor, Nelson Institute for Environmental Studies and
Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences; Director, Center for
Sustainability and the Global Environment (SAGE)
Jeremi A. Suri, Professor, History, Director, University of Wisconsin European Union
Center for Excellence (EUCE); Senior Fellow, Center for World Affairs and the
Global Economy (WAGE)
Members
Alison B. Alter, Associate Director, Center for World Affairs and the Global Economy
Linda C. Baumann, Professor, School of Nursing
Paula Bonner, President/CEO, Wisconsin Alumni Association
Stephen R. Carpenter, Professor, Department of Zoology
Florence A. Chenoweth, Honorary Associate Fellow, Division of International Studies
Patrick D. Eagan, Professor, Department of Engineering and Professional Development
Lewis E. Gilbert, Interim Director, Nelson Institute for Environmental Studies
Cynthia L. Haq, Professor, Departments of Family Medicine, and Population Health
Sciences
B. Venkat Mani, Associate Professor, Department of German
Deborah C. Meiners, Graduate Student, Law School and Department of History
Adam R. Nelson, Associate Professor, Department of Educational Policy Studies
John S. Nelson, Adjunct Professor, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering
Christopher W. Olsen, Associate Dean/Professor, School of Veterinary Medicine
Susan M. Paskewitz, Professor, Department of Entomology
Jonathan A. Patz, Professor, Nelson Institute for Environmental Studies and Department
of Population Health Sciences
Thatcher W. Root, Associate Professor, Department of Chemical and Biological
Engineering
Annemarie Schneider, Assistant Professor, Nelson Institute for Environmental Studies
Ryosuke Shibuya, Undergraduate Student, Departments of Political Science, and
History
Alan J. Wolf, Senior Learning Technology Consultant, Division of Information
Technology
Jonathan H. Zeitlin, Professor, Department of Sociology
Support Staff
Mathilde Andrejko, Assistant to the Director
Darin J. Harris, Consultant, Facilitator, Office of Quality Improvement
Global Agenda
I. Executive Summary
A. The Challenge
Growing population . . . globalization of the economy . . . diminishing energy
resources . . . changing patterns of climate . . . new challenges to governance . . . loss
of biological diversity . . . increasing numbers of dispossessed people and refugees
. . . losses of traditional cultures . . . emerging diseases . . . mounting concern about
rogue states, terrorism, and weapons of mass destruction . . . growing potential for
international conflicts over disparities in resources and living conditions . . .
The history of the twenty-first century—and the ultimate success or failure of our civilization—will be defined largely by our collective response to these challenges.
Although we recognize the importance of these pressing global problems, U.S. universities have been slow to confront them. When looking across the major research universities of the United States, the most visible initiatives one sees are focused on more
immediate, market-driven problems, such as those stemming from breakthroughs in
biotechnology, drug research, nanotechnology, and information systems. While these
are all critical areas of research and inquiry, they do not directly address the most pressing
concerns listed above—including those linked to poverty, environmental sustainability,
security, terrorism, climate change, global hunger, and human rights.
Why aren’t U.S. universities making these global challenges a top priority? Where
are the university institutes and departments on human rights? Terrorism? Security?
Sustainability? Hunger? If we are not making these a top priority, who will?
B. Our Response
Where most universities have failed to accept the most pressing challenges facing the
world, the University of Wisconsin–Madison is poised to succeed.
At UW–Madison, many faculty, staff, and students are already working on the cutting
edge of these important global issues—not only in expanding our understanding of
our changing world, but also in connecting this understanding to decision making,
public policy, and real-world practice. More than nearly any other university, our faculty,
staff, and students are personally dedicated to pushing the frontiers of interdisciplinary
research, and to using this new knowledge to make the world a better place. The
Institute for Research on Poverty, Nelson Institute for Environmental Studies, La Follette
School for Public Affairs, International Institute, and the Division of International Studies
have established themselves as leaders in these arenas. These are tremendous strengths
to build upon.
Here we propose a major initiative for the university to address pressing global problems.
This strategic investment will propel UW–Madison to the forefront of applied problem
solving, and engage the university broadly in the global arena.
C. Our Approach
Over the course of three separate retreats during the winter of 2007–08, our team met
to discuss what it meant to this campus to “Create and Impact and Shape the Global
Agenda.” Drawing upon these discussions, as well as other conversations with hundreds
of experts, across the university community and beyond, we compiled a vast list of
“urgent global challenges.” It is a daunting list, ranging from climate change to disappearing cultures, from emerging infectious diseases to civil rights, from nuclear terrorism
to bioethics. Such a list can initially appear disjointed, or simply a roster of gloom and
doom.
But we were able to discern a short list of underlying patterns behind the diverse global
challenges. In fact, our team defined four major, overarching themes that embodied the
broadest, most exciting, and most relevant areas where the university can act as a global
agenda-setter for the twenty-first century:
241
242
Global Agenda
• S
ustaining the human-environment system. As we learn more about the changing
nature of the global environment, we find that the conditions of our ecosystems
and natural resources—including the air, water, land, and biological diversity we
depend on—are deteriorating rapidly. It has become especially clear that understanding these global environmental changes requires attention to the interconnections among social and ecological systems across scales, from the village to
the globe. At the University of Wisconsin–Madison, we have a rare opportunity to
transcend disciplinary divides to make a more meaningful impact on global environmental issues. Already, UW–Madison has pursued new experiments in crossdisciplinary institution building in this critical area, and is poised to do much
more.
• Improving the human condition. The world faces tremendous challenges to public health, international peace, security, education, and prosperity. Many of the
world’s poorest people already face immediate, life-or-death threats from disease,
water scarcity, food shortages, environmental pollution, conflict, and violence.
Additional concerns about international equity and justice increase dissatisfaction
with the current distribution of power. Given these pressures—combined with
increasing concerns over terrorism, globalization, and human rights—we must
improve our understanding of the underlying drivers of human health, security,
and conflict.
• R
eimagining governance. Old ideas about the geography and institutions of governance no longer capture the complexity of today’s experience. A more modern
approach takes three interrelated views to the study of governance: (1) new
studies of governance must cross traditional state boundaries and revisit assumptions about state sovereignty; (2) emerging forms of global governance will alter
definitions of citizenship; and (3) reforms and research in global governance are
encouraging new forms of experimentation. UW–Madison is uniquely poised
to reimagine the role of governance, and its many changing forms, in today’s
world.
• U
sing ethics and meaning to guide the future. A strong, self-conscious commitment to values must underpin the newest and most important work in universities. These values will grow from conversations between technical and humanistic
thinkers at all stages of the research process—conceptualization, analysis, publication, and application. An emphasis on values will seek to assure a deep connection between the global and the local, including attention to diversity. An
emphasis on values will deepen the applied dimension of our research, ensure
that our work advances ideals of justice and equity, strengthen our sensitivity to
social and cultural identities, and keep the importance of serving the greatest
public good foremost in everything we do. Without a focus on values as the glue
that holds the multiple dimensions of the university’s work together, we cannot
have the global impact we seek. With clear-eyed attention to values and meanings in our research we have an opportunity to make our work serve a broader
and more enduring public audience.
These themes are ambitious and practical, scholarly and policy-relevant. They bring the
university to the globe, and the globe to the university.
D. A Call for Institutional Transformation
Our university is filled with pioneering scholars in very diverse disciplines. Although
these scholars consistently produce groundbreaking research, their work is frequently
completed in near isolation from the work of colleagues in other disciplines. Similarly,
researchers on campus often operate with little connection to the policy institutions,
businesses, and other groups outside the academy that have non-academic uses for
their knowledge. Specialization—within disciplines and between the university and
other parts of our society—has limited the global reach of our research on campus.
At this juncture, reinvigorating the Wisconsin Idea requires new institutional incentives
for both interdisciplinarity and real-world problem solving. We need to nurture careers
Global Agenda
243
that mix specialization and generalization, academic rigor and pragmatic application.
We need to make contributions to global human flourishing—not discipline-centered
metrics—the long-term standard for our faculty and staff, our students, and our institution as a whole.
E. Investments in Intellectual and Human Capital
We believe that the university should make critical investments in intellectual and human
capital, which will require clear priorities and strategic decision-making.
Our university does not have the resources to do everything. Many of the successful
investments in intellectual capital from prior years are not entirely appropriate for the
global agenda of the university in the twenty-first century. In particular, we believe the
university needs to give more attention to investments in activities that encourage broader
interdisciplinary collaboration, deeper partnerships between academic researchers and
outside stakeholders, and more extensive intellectual risk-taking.
Our team suggests several such investments:
• A
transformed sabbatical program. One relatively easy program to implement
would be a new “internal sabbatical” system. This system would encourage faculty and academic staff to take sabbaticals on campus in groups, focusing on
new, cutting-edge, collaborative areas of work, and, in many cases, launch major,
new UW–Madison-based projects.
Faculty teams would apply as a group for this innovative program. Successful
proposals should show potential for creativity, truly collaborative activities, longterm institutional benefits, and a commitment to engaging in outreach and other
real-world outcomes.
To make the internal sabbatical system effective, the university would need to
provide central space for sabbatical faculty and academic staff, so that they may
work on (or near) campus, but away from their regular offices. Furthermore,
basic administrative and IT support would need to be provided to each team. In
the early stages of the program, the internal sabbatical program might choose to
focus on targeted, innovative research themes—perhaps leveraging investments
made in the cluster-hiring program, or priorities highlighted in this document.
• S
hift allocations of annual Graduate School fellowship and research competitions. Aiming high requires a more strategic allocation of internal research funding and graduate fellowships. We believe that the Graduate School should set
aside a fraction of its graduate fellowships and annual research competition funds
from WARF for specific thematic research priorities, initially matching those in this
report. These themes should be explicitly interdisciplinary, covering the entire
campus, and designed for broad and deep global impact. The themes should
change over time.
We believe the Graduate School should use these global themes to guide its initial strategic investments of resources. For example, the Graduate School might
consider disbursing some graduate fellowship money as small graduate training
grants to groups of faculty working on dynamic projects that address research
priorities and promise to recruit some of the best Ph.D. students—in organized
cohorts—to UW–Madison.
We also believe that a more strategic Graduate School research vision will help
to encourage the Wisconsin Alumni Research Fund (WARF), outside stakeholders,
and others to increase their resource allocations to the campus as a whole for
intellectual development. By targeting research resources we can also expand
research resources for everyone.
• A
dvanced leadership training. Another critical element of investing in our human
resources is to provide in-depth leadership-training opportunities to our faculty
and staff. Such a program would allow for new kinds of professional opportunities—especially in linking our faculty and staff to colleagues in media, government, business, and the nonprofit sector.
At this juncture, reinvigorating
the Wisconsin Idea requires new
institutional incentives for both
interdisciplinarity and real-world
problem solving. We need to
nurture careers that mix specialization and generalization,
academic rigor and pragmatic
application. We need to make
contributions to global human
flourishing—not discipline-centered metrics—the long-term
standard for our faculty and staff,
our students, and our institution
as a whole.
244
Global Agenda
Many faculty and staff, especially those in midcareer and senior positions, would
greatly benefit from advanced leadership training, helping them to extend their
work beyond the university and connect to outside partners. We envision a program that would involve two major, weeklong units: one focused on leadership,
public communication skills, and media relations; the second focused on building partnerships across government, industry, and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs).
F. Investments in New Institutional Structures: The Wisconsin
Alliance for Global Solutions
The global societal challenges discussed above are very complex. To address them
successfully, we must understand their causes and consequences clearly, and we must
confront them directly. As repositories of knowledge and agents of discovery and innovation, universities can lead the way. Yet when persistent problems evolve and new
ones emerge, our traditional funding sources—government and private foundations—
are often slow to react, and valuable time is lost. Even when funding is timely, we lack
mechanisms for translating the fruits of research—good ideas—into action. We need
a new institutional structure for mobilizing and publicizing our most innovative and
exciting global research. We need a new institutional structure to make our university
the place for global solutions in the twenty-first century.
We propose the creation of a new institutional space on campus explicitly committed
to engaging in, and solving, the world’s most challenging problems—the Wisconsin
Alliance for Global Solutions (WAGS). A primary purpose of this organization would be
to nurture the kinds of cooperation among scholars that would not occur otherwise,
and to build long-term partnerships between the university and our outside partners
in business, media, government and civil society. The Alliance would not focus on one
particular project, but instead focus on evolving research themes (initially those listed
above, but changing every several years to reflect new global challenges), and aim to
create long-term partnerships across the campus and beyond.
The Wisconsin Alliance for Global Solutions would be a hub for truly interdisciplinary
innovation and external engagement. That is our deepest goal—to nurture innovative
answers to the pressing problems of our new century.
We believe that WAGS would:
• m
ake UW–Madison the world’s “go-to place” for solutions to our most challenging global problems;
• m
ake UW–Madison the key, trusted “matchmaker” for innovative partnerships—
among academia, government, industry, and civil society—to solve specific
global problems;
• a
nd make Wisconsin a respected incubator for energy, engagement, and creativity among students to change the world, unleashing a new generation of leaders
to solve these great societal challenges.
If successful, WAGS would make the UW the place for finding and sharing new global
solutions in the twenty-first century. The innovations emerging from WAGS would draw
attention and application around the globe. They will also inspire more work of the
same kind around campus. Most significantly, WAGS would not become a single-issue
think tank, but continually remake itself to encompass new research and address new
problems. This, after all, is the deepest mission of a great university.
Global Agenda
The Challenge
Growing population . . . globalization of the economy . . . diminishing energy
resources . . . changing patterns of climate . . . new challenges to governance . . . loss
of biological diversity . . . increasing numbers of dispossessed people and refugees
. . . losses of traditional cultures . . . emerging diseases . . . mounting concern about
rogue states, terrorism, and weapons of mass destruction . . . growing potential for
international conflicts over disparities in resources and living conditions . . .
The history of the twenty-first century—and the ultimate success or failure of our civilization—will be defined largely by our responses to these issues.
Although we all recognize the importance of these pressing global problems, most U.S.
universities have been slow to confront them. Looking across the U.S. academic landscape, the most visible initiatives are in two different arenas. The first is focused on breakthroughs in technology-driven science and engineering, particularly in biotechnology,
nanotechnology and information systems. The other is focused on maintaining the core
areas of traditional scholarship within the humanities, social sciences, and natural sciences. At many universities, there is an increasing tension between these two foci, especially where resources for traditional scholarship are drying up. While these are all critical
areas of research and inquiry, they do not directly address the most pressing concerns
listed above—including those linked to poverty, environmental sustainability, security,
terrorism, global hunger, and human rights.
It is an interesting paradox that intellectual leaders across the country clearly recognize
the urgency of pressing global challenges, yet many of our top-tier universities are not
making them a highly visible priority. Why aren’t all U.S. universities making these global
challenges a top priority? Where are the university institutes and departments on human
rights? Terrorism? Security? Sustainability? Hunger? If we are not making these a top
priority, who will?
One possible reason for the failure of U.S. universities to focus on these critical global
problems is the lack of broader societal and market support for them. Most funding
agencies, private foundations, corporations, and legislatures—with some notable exceptions, such as the Gates Foundation and Google.org—have not made these issues a high
priority either.
Another reason for this failure is that many of these global challenges are complex and
rapidly changing. They defy our traditional disciplinary approaches to knowledge. Given
these circumstances, how will higher education, and UW–Madison in particular, rise to
meet these challenges?
245
246
Global Agenda
II. Reaffirming the Wisconsin Idea
Criterion 1a
Criterion 5a
Many colleges and universities are struggling with the balance between investing in
new, technology-driven research and preserving excellence in the broader array of fundamental disciplines. At many universities, there is a sense that two forces pulling at the
fabric of the campus, sometimes leading to a feeling of “either us or them,” resulting in
an even stronger sense of a two cultures divide.
There may, however, be another way to look at this problem. Instead of focusing on
the two-way tension between the need for investing in technology-focused research
(e.g., biotechnology, nanotechnology, and information technology) and the need to
strengthen the broad array of scholarly disciplines (i.e., from across the humanities,
social sciences, and natural sciences), perhaps a moderating, third perspective should be
introduced—a perspective that focuses on serving the greatest public good.
We need to shift the focus of the university away from the false choice of having either
strength in technology-driven research or strength in broader scholarship across the
humanities, social sciences, and natural sciences. That choice is based on a false understanding of resource dynamics, and ignores many of the underlying forces at work on
the academic landscape, including the fundamental shift in public support away from
the traditional mission of state universities.
Instead of focusing on this false choice, we posit that there is much to be gained from a
creative and respectful dialogue across three axes of consideration:
• H
ow can the university maintain excellence in all areas of scholarship—ranging
across the humanities, social sciences, and natural sciences—even if their immediate “return on investment” is less tangible and direct? How do we continue
our investment in these critical fields and demonstrate their benefit to society
through broader public education, long-term payoffs from new knowledge, and
an enriched human spirit?
• H
ow can the university accelerate research and development in areas of intense
societal and market interest? Today, these investments are largely focused on
astonishing breakthroughs in biotechnology, nanotechnology, and information
technology, which are likely to transform the world around us. How can we maintain this technology-driven research excellence, and make critical breakthroughs
in other arenas in the future?
• A
nd how can the university best serve the public good? How can the university
contribute to the world—not only in terms of new technological innovations,
but also in terms of pressing global challenges, such as those linked to poverty,
environmental sustainability, security, and human rights?
In the future, a good university will focus on the first two questions. But a great university
will address all three, and nurture innovation at their intersection point. Creativity and
risk-taking across traditional disciplines are essential and they must be incentivized.
At Wisconsin, we should understand this lesson especially well. We have long held that
we have a moral obligation to serve the greatest public good, even if current societal
forces, or the need to preserve our scholarly excellence, do not drive us there. But,
instead of focusing attention only on problems that have immediate technological solutions, or those that stem from our deep scholarly traditions, we must also find ways to
respond to our complex, and often neglected, societal challenges.
As a great public research university, we have a special obligation to connect a major
portion of our work to the needs of the state, the nation, and the globe. That is our
stated mission. As we approach the one-hundredth anniversary of the Wisconsin Idea,
we need to renew its practice and remind ourselves of its deeper meaning.
Global Agenda
III.An Opportunity for UW–Madison
“The Future is up for grabs. It belongs to any and all who will take the risk and accept the
responsibility of consciously creating the future they want.”
—Robert Anton Wilson
Where most universities have failed to address the most pressing challenges facing the
world, the University of Wisconsin–Madison is poised to succeed.
At UW–Madison, many faculty, staff, and students are already working on the cutting
edge of these important global issues—not only in expanding our understanding of
our changing world, but also in bringing this understanding to decision making, public
policy, and real-world practice. More than nearly any other university, our faculty,
staff, and students are personally dedicated to pushing the frontiers of interdisciplinary
research, and to using this new knowledge to make the world a better place. These are
tremendous strengths to build upon.
Criterion 4b
Criterion 5a
Furthermore, UW–Madison has a special ability to conduct new research and outreach
efforts to help countries work together to solve emerging global problems. Issues such
as climate change, global poverty, international terrorism, human rights, unequal access
to education, and emerging threats to public health all implicate core sectors of global
and national economies. International institutions, governance regimes, and legal concepts must evolve to become much more robust systems that not only address these
global challenges effectively, but also more faithfully reflect and accommodate deepseated national differences in political culture. Put simply, we need to find ways for
people around the world with vastly different access to financial, technological, and
natural resources, and often very different cultural traditions, to live together as a global
community in peace and security. We believe UW–Madison can help bring this about.
Over the last few decades, the university has launched several major initiatives in international affairs, human rights, global environmental sustainability, poverty, public health,
economy, and global security. These include the Human Rights Initiative, the Center for
Sustainability and the Global Environment, the Institute for Research on Poverty, the
Population Health Institute, the Center for World Affairs and the Global Economy, and
the International and Environmental Affairs and Global Security cluster hire through the
International Institute. Yet neither UW–Madison nor its peers in these areas—Yale, Duke,
Michigan, and UC–Berkeley—have built cohesive, campuswide programs in addressing
our society’s greatest global challenges. Only Stanford University appears to have organized its strategic plan, and fund-raising goals, around these priorities. Their efforts
are inspirational, but there is much more we can do based on our strong faculty, our
research breadth, and our deep tradition of public service.
Here we propose a dynamic reinvigoration of the university to address pressing global
problems. This strategic investment will propel UW–Madison to the forefront of applied
problem-solving, and engage the university broadly in the global arena. For several
reasons, we believe this is the opportune time to make this transformation.
• T
here is a growing demand for global solutions and leadership. The scope
and pace of change in global affairs is growing more rapidly than ever before. In
response, government agencies, transnational corporations, and nongovernmental organizations have greatly expanded their international policy and decisionmaking programs. There is now an urgent need for managers, administrators,
and analysts with greater knowledge of these issues, as well as for scholars with
greater awareness of public affairs.
Most important, there is a need to expand the awareness of the average citizen
of the complexities of our global challenges. UW–Madison should offer worldclass undergraduate and graduate programs in these important areas.
Criterion 5a
247
248
Global Agenda
Criterion 1a,b
Criterion 5a
• It is time to rethink the geographic focus of the Wisconsin Idea. Many of our
key constituents—including legislators, business leaders, alumni, and parents—
encourage us to focus entirely on problems of Wisconsin, not the world outside.
Most of the challenges in our state—whether surrounding the need for highpaying jobs, entering new global markets, sustaining our agriculture, or handling
our energy and environmental challenges—are inherently national and global in
scope. The solutions to Wisconsin’s greatest problems require exactly the global
perspective that only the university can provide.
We believe that we should be even more assertive in addressing national- and
global-scale challenges. Although we are a state-supported institution, our obligation to serve the public good does not stop at the borders of Wisconsin. In
fact, global and international work does not dilute our obligation to the state; it
reinforces it. By addressing problems across regional, national, and global scales,
we believe we will better serve the citizens of Wisconsin.
• O
pportunities for attracting support are growing rapidly. Many donors and
private foundations are beginning to focus on these emerging global challenges.
Large private foundations—including Packard, Gates, Pew, MacArthur, Ford, and
Rockefeller Brothers—also support the integration of natural and social science
toward solving emerging international problems.
In addition, there is increased funding for assessment and action in these areas
through the World Bank, the IMF, the UN Environment Program, the UN Development Program, and the Global Environmental Facility. Our proposed initiatives
would help position UW–Madison to compete effectively for these awards.
Criterion 2a
Criterion 4
• W
isconsin is ideally positioned to embark on this innovative endeavor—if
we act soon. The university has highly ranked Ph.D. and professional programs
across all fields of study that attract many of the nation’s top graduate students
every year. Reflecting its global impact, UW–Madison hosts the ninth largest population of international students in the country. The university also has more specialized centers of excellence—across regions and topical areas—than any of its
peers. These include the sixteen regional and topical programs (seven of which
are federally supported National Resource Centers) linked within UW–Madison’s
highly acclaimed International Institute, as well as the Nelson Institute for Environmental Studies, the Center for International Business Education and Research,
the Institute for Research in the Humanities, the Center for Global Health, and
many others. With more collaboration, these centers are the tools for making a
valuable global impact.
The global societal challenges of the twenty-first century require a more nimble,
interdisciplinary, and innovative university. They require innovative institutions
and new incentives. Most of all, they require strong vision and leadership from
the campus community.
This report is our effort to outline how we might reform our great university to
not only preserve what we do so well, but also adjust for the challenges and
opportunities of our time.
Global Agenda
249
IV. Our Vision: Organize UW–Madison
Around Emerging Global Challenges
“Our task is to look at the world and see it whole.”
—E.F. Schumacher, A Guide for the Perplexed
Human activities in the twenty-first century are changing our world at unprecedented
rates, and on unprecedented scales. We often find it difficult to keep up.
In the early phases of our deliberations, we asked our team, “What are some of the
greatest challenges to the world?” Also, during the early stages of the reaccreditation
exercise, our leadership team conducted extensive polling and listening sessions across
the campus, asking where we should be focusing our attention as a university.
We pulled together an extensive list of global “grand societal challenges” that concerned our students, staff, and faculty. Here is a small sample from that list:
• environmental sustainability
• critical shortages of resources (e.g., water, energy)
• managing the global commons (i.e., biodiversity, the global atmosphere)
• urbanization and population growth
• global poverty, development
• t hreats to global public health; emerging diseases, risks of bioterror, environmental health
• human rights: gender questions, rights of women, role of culture / religion
• inequality: equity and inequity dynamics
• global security; peace and security
• management and access of information
• changing role of intellectual property
• changes in governance
• interpersonal fragmentation
• emerging social networks
• c hanging nature of governments, NGOs, multinational corporations (MNCs),
open source communities, social networks
• balancing individual freedoms versus collective responses
• living in an “age of extremes” (income, military power, resources)
• polarization; religious conflict
• changing concepts of citizenship /membership to civil society?
• conflict and role of cultural filters: polarization
• systems of meaning
• questions of ethics: what guides the use of technology, markets, power?
• maintaining social and cultural identity/support structures
This is a daunting list. But when considering it further, we observed that the topics could
be roughly organized into four major themes:
• sustaining the human-environment system
• improving the human condition
• reimagining governance
• using ethics and meaning to guide the future
“What will define the UW as a great
university is the role it chooses to
take in the great debates of our time.
From climate change to globalization, educating the leaders who will
tackle these and other issues will go
a long way to defining the UW as a
great university.”
U.S. alumnus
250
Global Agenda
These themes are not all-inclusive, but they capture most of the specific research topics
suggested in discussions. They also embody the broadest, most exciting, and most relevant areas where the university can act as a global agenda-setter for the twenty-first
century. These themes are ambitious and practical, scholarly and policy-relevant. They
bring the university to the globe, and the globe to the university.
A. Theme 1: Sustaining the Human-Environment System
We are at a unique point in history—a time when different disciplines are coming together
to forge an entirely new understanding of the planet. This comes not a moment too
soon. As we learn more about the changing nature of the global environment, we find
that the conditions of our ecosystems and natural resources—including the air, water,
land, and biological diversity we depend on—are deteriorating rapidly. It has become
especially clear that understanding these global environmental changes requires attention to the interconnections among social and ecological systems across scales, from the
village to the globe.
Numerous events, including famines in Africa, the tsunami in the Indian Ocean, outbreaks of SARS and avian influenza, rapid climatic changes in the Arctic, and catastrophic
landslides across deforested slopes in China, Haiti, and Latin America have demonstrated
that social and environmental systems are both tightly interwoven and vulnerable to a
range of forces—from globalization to climate change and the loss of biological diversity. There is a pressing need for new approaches that can analyze coupled humannatural systems and contribute to their sustainability. Accomplishing this will require
new knowledge that integrates the natural and human sciences, at multiple scales, and
engages new ways of understanding and intervening.
Criterion 4b,c
At the University of Wisconsin–Madison, we have a rare opportunity to transcend disciplinary divides to make a more meaningful impact on global environmental issues. As
an initial step, the university has pursued some limited experiments in cross-disciplinary
institution-building in this critical area. For example, in 2000, UW–Madison established
the Center for Sustainability and the Global Environment (SAGE), administered by the
Nelson Institute for Environmental Studies, a center of excellence for research on global
environmental change. Subsequently, the university funded novel, interdisciplinary
faculty clusters in International Environmental Affairs and Global Security, and Energy
Source and Policy. While this is a great beginning, we need to expand upon this commitment and transform the institutional infrastructure of the university to meet four
challenges: fill critical gaps left by disciplinary inquiry, integrate natural and human
science research, foster international and global education, and link research to civic
action and public policy.
B. Theme 2: Improving the Human Condition
Already, many of the world’s people face immediate, life-or-death threats from disease,
water scarcity, food shortages, environmental pollution, conflict, and violence. In addition, there are tremendous global challenges posed by a lack of access to education and
information as well as the challenges posed by migration/immigration and urbanization.
Additional concerns about international equity and justice increase dissatisfaction with
the current distribution of power. Given these pressures—combined with increasing
concerns over terrorism, globalization, and human rights—we must improve our understanding of the underlying drivers of human health, security, and conflict.
The world faces tremendous challenges to human well-being, whether in terms of public
health, international peace, security, education, or prosperity. Numerous international
leaders, military planners, and scholars have suggested that we will soon see an era when
wars are fought not only over ideology but also over dwindling natural resources. Past
historical experience has shown how conflicts over access to natural resources—such
as oil, fisheries, and fresh water—have exacerbated international tensions and given
rise to violence, terrorism, and war. While many of these conflicts are rooted in inequities resulting from past colonialism and imperialism, international resource conflicts will
Global Agenda
251
become even more complex as the world struggles with the state of global resources
such as the atmosphere, marine fisheries, and the genetic resources of tropical forests.
Instead of addressing particular problems of resource scarcity or intrastate conflict in
separation, we believe that cutting-edge work in each of these areas needs greater integration. Scholars of ethnic conflict must engage in deeper dialogues with experts on
poverty. Scholars of education must work with experts on media, information systems,
and communications technology. Scholars of history, literature, and the arts must
connect with experts on urban planning as well as experts on migration and immigration. Scholars of public health must collaborate more closely with experts on governance and security. Improving the human condition—and ensuring progress toward
an era of human flourishing—requires an integrated global vision of human societies.
This vision can come only when groups of researchers think beyond political labels and
disciplinary boundaries.
Criterion 4b
C. Theme 3: Reimagining Governance
Presumptions about the standard geography and institutions of governance no longer
capture the complexity of contemporary experiences. For the purposes of nurturing
new research with long-term global impact, the university should nurture three interrelated approaches to the study of governance. All three involve collaborative interdisciplinary international research.
First, new studies of governance must cross traditional state boundaries and interrogate
assumptions about state sovereignty. Research on politics and society is largely organized around state boundaries. Many of the pressing challenges of our contemporary
world—environmental degradation, terrorist violence, and economic inequality—transcend these boundaries. State institutions often lack the resources, the authority, and the
insight to address challenges of this scope. In place of territorial-bounded states, transnational bodies—including the European Union, the United Nations, the World Trade
Organization, and other diverse entities—are emerging as important governing institutions. We envision researchers at UW–Madison contributing to an emerging discussion
of these developments and more innovative ideas about new forms of transnational
governance and problem-solving.
Second, emerging forms of global governance will alter definitions of citizenship.
Loyalties, forms of accountability, and basic social habits will change as people look
to new figures and institutions for leadership. This is the social and cultural side of globalization that often gets neglected. By bringing together scholars of global change
with experts on domestic society, UW–Madison is poised to become a pioneer in both
understanding and reformulating citizenship for the twenty-first century. This work has
direct relevance not only for daily behavior, but also for the management of resources
and spaces in the global commons, where cultures of individual cooperation and duty
are as important as enforced rules and regulations.
Third, reforms and research in global governance are encouraging new forms of experimentation. Theoretical work points to new designs for building authority and legitimacy.
Policy work focuses on implementation of various designs and their consequences.
Governance as practice, in various professional settings, emphasizes experimentation,
adaptability, and innovative leadership. Making the university more effective in contributing to a global agenda will require a more determined integration of research in
theory, policy, and practice.
D. Theme 4: Using Ethics and Meaning to Guide the Future
A strong, self-conscious commitment to values must underpin the newest and most
important work in universities. These values will grow from conversation between technical and humanistic thinkers at all stages of the research process—conceptualization,
analysis, publication, and application. An emphasis on values will seek to assure a deep
connection between the global and the local, including attention to diversity.
Many of the pressing challenges
of our contemporary world—
environmental degradation,
terrorist violence, and economic
inequality—transcend these
boundaries. . . . We envision
researchers at UW–Madison
contributing to an emerging
discussion of these developments
and more innovative ideas about
new forms of transnational
governance and problem-solving.
252
Global Agenda
Criterion 4d
Ethical issues have recently arisen in many different global arenas such as corporate
ethics, bioethics, military ethics, and political ethics. Furthermore, ethical considerations
frame the other themes outlined in this report: fairness in the global distribution of
resources, balancing the economic benefits and ecological effects of industrial development, fostering inclusive but also efficient forms of international governance, and
respecting cultural and religious traditions while promoting basic human rights, among
others.
Some of the most compelling recent work in the humanities and social sciences—especially in fields such as history, philosophy, anthropology, sociology, comparative religion,
and comparative literature—concerns the ways in which different values and frameworks
of meaning affect different groups’ perceptions of shared circumstances and their willingness to deliberate together about their shared fate. Understanding these differences
is crucial to formulating workable solutions for enduring problems. We must ask: what
good is sophisticated technology if people around the world cannot agree on the underlying ethical values that should guide its wise and sustainable use?
UW–Madison is fortunate to have several of the world’s top-ranked departments in the
humanities and social sciences, as well as the first and now renowned centers for area
studies—just the resources needed to infuse our work with crucial discussions of ethics
and meaning. An emphasis on values will deepen the applied dimensions of our research,
ensure that our work advances ideals of justice and equity, strengthen our sensitivity to
social and cultural identities, and keep the importance of serving the greatest public good
foremost in everything we do. Without a focus on values as the glue that holds the multiple dimensions of the university’s work together, we cannot achieve the global impact
we seek. With clear-eyed attention to values and meanings in our research we have an
opportunity to make our work serve a broader and more enduring public audience.
Global Agenda
V. Institutional Transformation
at the University of Wisconsin–Madison
Our university is filled with pioneering scholars in very diverse disciplines. Although
these scholars consistently produce groundbreaking research, their work is frequently
completed in near isolation from the work of colleagues in other disciplines. Similarly,
researchers on campus often operate with little connection to the policy institutions,
businesses, and other groups outside the academy that have nonacademic uses for their
knowledge. Specialization—within disciplines and between the university and other
parts of our society—has limited the global reach of our research on campus.
At this juncture, reinvigorating the Wisconsin Idea requires new institutional incentives
for both interdisciplinarity and real-world problem-solving. We need to nurture careers
that mix specialization and generalization, academic rigor and pragmatic application.
We also need to make contributions to global human flourishing, not just in our discipline-centered metrics, but as a long-term goal for ourselves, our students, and our
institution as a whole.
Criterion 1
Criterion 2a
The global themes we identified above are not all-inclusive, but they capture some
of the broadest, most exciting, and most relevant roles the university can play as a
global agenda-setter for the twenty-first century. Our institution, in particular, has a
great opportunity to reinvigorate the Wisconsin Idea for a globalized world. To do this,
however, will require a frank recognition of the challenges rooted in standard modes of
behavior. To meet our potential in a challenging world we must not be content simply
to continue business as usual.
A. Interdisciplinary, Real-World Problem-Solving
We need to advance a new GLOBAL AGENDA to address these issues. As indicated above,
many of the most interesting and relevant research questions are not confined within
traditional departments and programs. Environmental sustainability, an improved
human condition, global governance, and ethics and meaning require significant crossdisciplinary work with strong institutional backing.
These efforts must include more than ad hoc collaborative arrangements. Our university needs a regularized integration of expertise, mind-set, and vision across areas of
scholarly inquiry. Integrated research will cross not only disciplines, but also scales of
inquiry—from local to national to global. Integrative research of this kind, and its public
applications, should receive more attention from the UW–Madison administration, the
University of Wisconsin Foundation, and WARF.
We need to engage in real-world problem-solving. Integrated research across departments and disciplines will allow for more effective problem-solving, while also preserving academic integrity. By organizing research to address shared problems and
themes, scholars will have more freedom for innovation and more connection to realworld applications. The university should nurture research to follow interesting lines of
inquiry, not inherited institutional divisions. This approach will produce not only more
relevant work, but also more daily interaction with outside partners and stakeholders
who have insights and resources to offer. The Wisconsin Idea for the twenty-first century
will emphasize innovation and problem-solving, across and beyond traditional disciplinary domains.
Overview
Criterion 5b
Criterion 4a
B. Making Universities More Nimble, But Still Robust
The hiring, promotion, and funding bases for university activity insulate the institution
from many short-term market pressures, allowing for long-term research perspectives.
This is a great strength. It is also a weakness. Universities can be rigid and slow to react
to pressing challenges and opportunities. We need to design a university structure that
remains insulated from immediate market swings, but also encourages nimble, robust
response. The university should not seek to exert immediate influence on society, but
Criterion 2c
253
254
Global Agenda
rather than settling for innovation on a forty-year career scale, we must learn to adjust
to global challenges on a five- to ten-year scale. The world’s problems emerge quickly,
often with little (apparent) warning. The university must be ready to meet new problems before it is too late.
C. What Is the Right Structure for Wisconsin?
We need real structural change to pull this off. The above challenges require much more
than band-aids on existing university institutions. We do many things well, but there
are many more things we need to do. This will require real change in key institutions—
colleges, departments, promotion committees, and funding streams. We need to take
a long, hard look at our institutions and ask which ones serve our needs, which ones do
not. We should preserve department privileges when they serve research and teaching
purposes, and look for better ways to integrate their work among units.
Criterion 2c,d
We need to avoid the “garbage can” model. The tendency of the university, like all
large organizations, is to match existing institutions to problems they were not designed
to serve. What scholars of organizations call the “garbage can” model1 of connecting
incompatible purposes and solutions avoids short-term conflict, but it often stifles longterm effectiveness. The tendency to avoid fresh thinking and rely on old habits undermines our efforts. We need to stop deploying the wrong tools simply because those are
the only tools readily available. Instead, the university needs to strengthen institutions
that continue to serve important purposes, redesign institutions that are not fully appropriate for needs, and discard institutions that no longer meet our priorities. We also need
to act creatively and build new institutions for contemporary challenges and opportunities. Instead of the garbage can we need a burst of institutional innovation. The university of the twenty-first century will not look the same as the university of the past.
Recommendation 1:
Investments in Intellectual Capital
The key to continuing and renewing UW–Madison’s greatness as a global actor is to
increase investments in intellectual capital. Recent budget difficulties have proven most
harmful in this area, limiting some of the basic resources for retention and development
of faculty, academic staff, and graduate students. We do not expect a major infusion of
state resources in the near future. We believe, however, that the university can take a
series of steps to make more effective use of existing resources and increase non–state
funding. The university can realistically do more to give faculty, academic staff, and
graduate students additional opportunities for innovative global research.
A. Increasing Strategic Investments by UW–Madison
Criterion 2b
Criterion 4
Investments in intellectual capital require clear priorities and strategic decision-making.
Our university does not have the resources to do everything. Many of the successful
investments in intellectual capital from prior years are not entirely appropriate for the
global agenda of the university in the twenty-first century. In particular, we believe the
university needs to give more attention to investments in activities that encourage broader
interdisciplinary collaboration, deeper partnerships between academic researchers and
outside stakeholders, and more extensive intellectual risk-taking.
But innovative global research is risky. The complexity and the diverse partners for this
research mean that many promising projects will fail. The university needs to recognize
this and encourage an acceptance of it. Faculty, academic staff, and graduate students
should receive more material and cultural support for taking intellectual risks that promise
big global payoffs. The university should provide consistent targeted investments of
time and money for the conceptualization of bold projects, the training required to
carry them through, and the work that can bring them to fruition. We must have the
courage to aim high.
Global Agenda
B. Revisit Allocation of Annual Graduate School / WARF
Gift Funds
Aiming high requires more strategic allocations of our internal research resources within
the university. At Wisconsin, we are extremely fortunate to have an annual gift from the
Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation (WARF) to the campus, managed through the
Graduate School. This annual gift is currently targeted to supporting graduate fellowships and small annual research awards to faculty and staff. Here we propose a strategic
model for reallocating a portion of these funds.
Criterion 2b
First, we propose to shift part of the funding used to support graduate fellowships on
campus. The current allocation of graduate fellowships by the Graduate School focuses
mainly on individual students (not on groups or cohorts) across the campus, judged
mainly by their individual GRE scores, GPAs, and letters of recommendation. These fellowships are distributed across departments and programs, largely reflecting the quality
of student applicants, but also with a view of “sharing the wealth” across our many
graduate programs. This is a fine model, and it supports many outstanding students at
the university. But is there another way to support outstanding students, with a more
strategic focus on emerging research themes?
Here we suggest a graduate fellowship allocation model, where some of the fellowships
are set aside to support integrative graduate training programs. These fellowships would
be awarded to interdisciplinary faculty teams, coming from at least two departments, to
establish graduate training programs in emerging areas of scholarship. We envision that
these graduate training grants would support a small number of students (three to six)
per year, for several years, in new cross-disciplinary fields, perhaps starting with themes
identified in this report.
These new integrative graduate training programs would blend some aspects of our
highly successful Cluster Hiring Initiative and the Integrative Graduate Education,
Research and Teaching (IGERT) program of the National Science Foundation. By
enhancing the cross-disciplinary opportunities on this campus, this investment of fellowship dollars would pay the double dividend of supporting outstanding graduate students and investing in new, strategic areas of interdisciplinary scholarship in emerging
fields. This shift in resources does not remove support for anyone on campus; rather it
provides some incentives (and strategic direction) for more cross-disciplinary collaboration in our graduate education and research.
Criterion 4b
Second, we propose to shift some of the Graduate School/WARF funds used each year
to support faculty and staff research. The current model for funding allocation is very
supportive of individual research projects, especially among junior faculty, and is a critically important source of support. This is the most practical place to begin investing in
research themes, global priorities, and risk-taking.
While the traditional model of funding has largely focused on individual research awards,
the Graduate School has recently expressed an interest in receiving multi-investigator
proposals, especially in interdisciplinary areas. To encourage this further, especially for
projects in high-priority, strategic areas of research, we propose that the Graduate School
explicitly allocate a fraction of its annual research funding (20 to 25 percent) to collaborative projects in emerging, cross-disciplinary areas. Furthermore, we propose that
the Graduate School create a joint subcommittee of the existing research committees,
explicitly charged with promoting and reviewing cross-disciplinary research activities.
This modest reallocation of the annual Graduate School/WARF research funding should
flow to collaborative work with a high potential for global impact, largely by seeding
innovative partnerships across different parts of the campus. The product of an annual
grant could be an innovative partnership for global impact, as much as a research paper
or a book chapter. We believe these annual research investments should target broad
global impact in traditional and nontraditional forms.
We would like to see cross-disciplinary research themes—particularly those connected to
global challenges identified in this report or those connected to highly successful cluster
hire initiatives—articulated as part of the Graduate School’s annual competition. These
themes should be explicitly interdisciplinary, covering the entire campus and designed
for broad and deep global impact. And these themes should change over time.
Criterion 2b
255
256
Global Agenda
We believe the Graduate School should use these global themes to guide its strategic
investments of resources. Faculty, academic staff, and graduate students should be
encouraged to connect their research with the articulated themes, and they should
receive research funding and other support for doing so.
In our model, the Graduate School would continue to allocate the majority of the WARF
gift funds to individual graduate fellows, faculty, and staff, but it would also make the
support of integrative research and training themes a priority. Done properly, this would
not come at the expense of anyone on campus. Instead, it would encourage a more
integrative, global vision for the campus, inspire its constituents to work toward this
vision, and contribute to real-world impact.
We also believe that this renewed Graduate School research vision would help to
encourage the WARF, outside stakeholders, and others to increase their resource allocations to the campus as a whole for intellectual development. By targeting these internal
resources we can also expand resources for everyone.
Recommendation 2:
Investments in Human Capital
In an era of constant change, when the world’s “problem times” are significantly shorter
than university “career times,” it is important to have ways to regularly renew our faculty
and staff. Traditional models of career stewardship—hiring someone into a discipline
that remains nearly constant for thirty years—are no longer able to respond to our
rapidly changing world. We need to find ways to renew our human capital—especially
faculty and staff in whom we are making career-long investments—to better match the
global pace of change.
Criterion 1d
Criterion 4b
Furthermore, we must consider ways to enhance more innovation and collaboration
within the university, so that we can employ our intellectual capital in new, creative
ways. Rather than staying within the “mineshafts” of knowledge for an entire career,
we must find ways to encourage more cross-disciplinary, and especially more externally engaged, scholarship on campus—using our existing human capital. To encourage
cross-disciplinary work, we must eliminate institutional biases against it in promotion
and funding committees and build incentives for it in the culture of daily behavior at
the university.
This university is far ahead of many others in terms of the encouragement it gives to faculty
and staff to work across disciplinary and departmental lines, through initiatives such as
the cluster hires, campuswide collaborations, and through our many research circles, programs, and centers. But the focus of assessment, promotion, and reward remains largely
departmental and disciplinary—even where faculty members hold joint appointments.
To further enhance our interdisciplinary work, the university will need to strengthen the
mechanisms for evaluating and rewarding those activities, by ensuring that all of the units
for which faculty members work are fully involved in the annual merit assessment and other
career milestones (e.g., promotion, post-tenure review, nominations for chairs), rather than
leaving the main responsibility to individual departments alone.
These are significant challenges to all U.S. universities, and it will take tremendous effort
to find solutions to all these issues. Below, we make several specific recommendations to
help the University of Wisconsin–Madison renew our human resources.
Global Agenda
A. “Internal Sabbatical” Program
One relatively easy program to implement would be an institution-wide “internal sabbatical” system. This system would encourage faculty and academic staff to take sabbaticals on campus in groups, focusing on new, cutting-edge, collaborative areas of work.
The current sabbatical system is extremely helpful, and provides an opportunity for our
faculty to “recharge their batteries” (but often at another institution) or truly focus on
finishing a major scholarly project (e.g., a book or manuscript). However, these sabbaticals do not:
• e
nhance collaborations on the UW–Madison campus (instead, we encourage collaborations at other institutions, but not our own);
• p
rovide opportunities for group research projects, including the groundwork
needed to jump-start new research ventures, new curricula, or new outreach
activities;
• r eflect the modern reality of dual-career families, where the traditional sabbatical
arrangement (where the whole family could often drop everything to follow the
faculty member to another city) is often unworkable.
Our “internal sabbatical” idea would encourage small groups of faculty from across the
campus (from at least two different units) to take sabbaticals together, in Madison,
where they would work to enhance cross-disciplinary scholarship and, in many cases,
launch a major, new UW–based project.
This proposal would not replace traditional sabbaticals, but rather provide an option for
more collaborative, research-focused, institution-enriching activities.
Some hypothetical examples of group sabbaticals include:
• A
team of faculty from engineering, biochemistry, bacteriology, environmental
studies, and policy studies work on a major synthesis of the pros and cons of new
biofuel technologies, developing a series of new research articles, white papers
for government and industry leaders, and public-policy briefings.
• A
group of faculty and academic staff from a variety of disciplines develop a new
approach to forming university partnerships with industry, NGOs, and governments in the state of Wisconsin, amplifying the Wisconsin Idea.
• A
group of faculty and academic staff from the humanities, social sciences, biological sciences, and engineering collaborate to write a major report on how the
basic definition of international security has changed in the twenty-first century,
and how government leaders and organizations should respond.
• A
team of faculty from the social sciences (e.g., history, sociology, education,
anthropology, political science, economics, and global health) craft a report
to assess barriers to children’s welfare and economic opportunity around the
world.
To make the internal sabbatical system effective, the university would need to provide
some central space for sabbatical faculty and academic staff, so that they may work on
(or near) campus, but away from their regular offices. Furthermore, basic administrative
and IT support would be provided to each team.
Ideally, these internal sabbatical spaces would be highly integrated into an emerging
“eCampus” infrastructure, as suggested by the Global Citizens and Leaders team. We
are very excited by the synergies between their ideas in this area and our own.
Faculty teams would apply, as a group, for this innovative program. The proposals
should show potential for creativity, truly collaborative activities, long-term institutional
benefits, and a commitment to engaging in outreach and other real-world outcomes.
Following the sabbatical year, the groups would be required to document their activities, and provide an assessment of the key outcomes of their work together. They would
also be asked to outline how their collaboration will continue in the years after the group
sabbatical.
Criterion 4a
257
258
Global Agenda
In the early stages of the program, the internal sabbatical program may choose to focus
on targeted, innovative research themes—perhaps leveraging investments made in the
cluster-hiring program.
This program would require a significant investment from the university, but we believe
that it could be adapted largely from the existing sabbatical system, and be financially
viable.
B. Advanced Leadership Training
Criterion 4a
Another critical element of renewing our human resources is to provide advanced leadership training opportunities to our faculty and staff. Such a program would allow for
professional renewal opportunities, and the ability to extend our faculty and staff to
engage in new kinds of partnerships. The need for new leadership and communication
skills is pressing.
Basic research, by itself, is no longer enough to meet the growing needs of a rapidly
changing society. We are entering a new age of human history, where traditional views
of science, technology, economics, culture, and policy may no longer be appropriate.
In particular, the scholarly community must find ways of blending basic research with
practical outcomes. This is best achieved through innovative partnerships with nonacademic partners.
Furthermore, university scholars must provide more effective leadership in these complex
times. We must work to communicate new ideas directly across numerous boundaries,
so that they are clearly presented to policy makers, business leaders, and the general
public. We must work to negotiate solutions to complex problems.
Criterion 5c
As a result, many faculty and staff, especially those in midcareer and senior positions,
would greatly benefit from advanced leadership training, helping them to extend their
work beyond the university and connect to partners in government, industry, NGOs, the
media, and civil society.
One particularly effective model for this is the Aldo Leopold Leadership Program, run
out of Stanford University with support from the Packard Foundation and the Ecological
Society of America, which focuses on midcareer faculty from the environmental sciences. This program involves two major, week-long units: one focuses on leadership,
communication skills, and media relations; the second, held in Washington, D.C.,
focuses on building partnerships across government, industry, and NGOs. This is a truly
intensive course, led by some of the best media- and government-relations people in
the country.
Such a program could also be extended to professional, graduate, and undergraduate
students. However, it would be most useful to tailor these programs for particular programs—whether in Ph.D. research programs, professional programs in business, law
or medicine, engineering, or undergraduate liberal arts programs. Ideally, each school
and college at UW–Madison would work to incorporate elements of these leadership
programs into its existing framework.
Global Agenda
259
Recommendation 3:
Wisconsin Alliance for Global Solutions
As discussed above, the greatest challenges facing the world today are complex and
multifaceted. To address them successfully, we must understand their causes and consequences clearly, and we must confront them directly.
As repositories of knowledge and agents of discovery and innovation, universities can
lead the way toward global solutions. Yet when persistent problems evolve and new
ones emerge, our traditional funding sources—government and private foundations—
are often slow to react, and much valuable time is lost. Even when funding is timely, we
often lack the internal mechanisms for translating the fruits of research—good ideas—
into action. As a result, we need a new institutional structure for mobilizing and publicizing our most innovative and exciting global research.
Here we propose the creation of the Wisconsin Alliance for Global Solutions (WAGS)—a
hub of interdisciplinary innovation focused on developing solutions to the pressing
global problems of our century. WAGS would focus on the twin missions of supporting
interdisciplinary scholarship and real-world problem-solving. The alliance would nurture
research, teaching, and broader societal engagement, building on a broad mix of specialization and generalization, academic rigor, and pragmatic application.
Criterion 4b
WAGS would become a focal point on the campus for finding the solutions to global
emerging challenges, initially concentrating on the four themes identified above: sustaining the human-environment system, improving the human condition, reimagining
governance, and using ethics and meaning to guide the future.
These themes would serve as initial rallying points within WAGS, drawing together
expertise from the humanities, social sciences, natural sciences, professional schools,
and beyond. Over time, these themes will change and evolve, so that the alliance avoids
the trap of becoming a single-issue think tank. An advisory board of faculty, staff, distinguished alumni, and members of the public would be charged to “re-make” the themes
for WAGS every five years.
A. What Would WAGS Do for the University of
Wisconsin–Madison?
WAGS would make UW–Madison the world’s “go-to place” for solutions to our most
challenging global problems, such as:
• fi
nding solutions for sustainable bioenergy, to improve our energy, environmental, and food security;
• o
ffering a new development agenda for problems of terrorism and impoverishment in “failed states”;
• a
dvancing strategies to improve Wisconsin’s—and the United States’—competitiveness in the “global knowledge economy.”
WAGS would make UW–Madison the key, trusted “matchmaker” for innovative partnerships to solve specific global problems, including:
• w
orking group of governments, NGOs, and MNCs to promote democratization
and good governance;
• c onsortium to create “open source” biotechnology to combat malaria, HIV in
developing countries;
• t eam of scholars, policy makers, and business leaders to model connections
between migration/immigration, urbanization, and economic development.
“UW–Madison has to foster the
discussions that will provide the next
generation with the skills to discover
solutions for poverty, environmental
issues and international conflict.
Teach ALL students how to think outside the box and challenge the status
quo in whatever major or program
they enroll.”
U.S. Alumnus
260
Global Agenda
Finally, WAGS would make Wisconsin an incubator for energy, engagement and creativity among students to change the world. WAGS would unleash a generation of new,
creative problem-solvers into the world.
WAGS would be a new network on campus explicitly committed to the development of
global solutions, stemming from the intersection of basic and applied research, innovative
teaching and learning models, worldwide outreach and communication, and broader societal engagement across all disciplines. The purpose of this alliance would be to nurture
the kinds of cooperation among scholars and outside stakeholders that would not occur
otherwise. The network will aim to catalyze long-term partnerships across the various
units on campus and beyond.
It is important to note that WAGS is only a part of our overarching proposal to focus the
university on pressing global challenges. WAGS is a focal mechanism for building global
research efforts around guiding themes, and is interdependent with the other reforms
proposed above.
Our team does not seek to redesign the university. Nor do we envision eroding the fundamental mission of creating new knowledge. We are suspicious of grand, all-encompassing plans for change. Instead, we propose to create a dynamic, new institutional
anchor on campus that will begin to move the institution in an exciting new direction.
We hope to catalyze exciting interdisciplinary research and “real-world” applications by
transforming the experience of faculty deliberately and consistently, with effects that we
hope would ripple through the campus as a whole.
If successful, WAGS would make UW–Madison the real-world the place for finding and
sharing new global solutions in the twenty-first century. The innovations emerging from
WAGS would draw attention and application around the globe. They would also inspire
more work of the same kind around campus. Most significantly, WAGS would not become
a single-issue think tank, but continually remake itself to encompass new research and
address new problems. This, after all, is the deepest mission of a great university.
B. How Would WAGS Be Structured?
WAGS would not be a traditional institute or center. It should not become a new bureaucracy. Instead, WAGS would be an umbrella network to help integrate the existing loci
of excellence and innovation across campus (figure 21). It would draw upon informal
Figure 21: WAGS provides a flexible structure for organizing small groups, programs, and centers
across the university—providing an umbrella for supporting work on pressing global problems.
Global Agenda
faculty groups, existing programs and centers, and the array of schools and colleges
across the campus.
WAGS would also work closely with the existing centers and divisions of the university.
It would not govern the various faculty groups, programs, centers, departments, or
schools and colleges. Instead, it would help to coordinate, integrate, and catalyze their
work for maximum global impact. Above all, WAGS would nurture vibrant horizontal
lines of communication between innovative groups—breaking down the institutional
walls that create silos in a still largely vertical university structure. WAGS would make the
university a more creative, but still a grassroots, intellectual matrix.
Do We Need WAGS?
Before embarking on any new structural investment, the university should carefully
ask whether such a structure is necessary.
We have considered alternative models for WAGS, including the possibility that
such an activity could be led by an existing campus unit, including our standing
schools and colleges, or an interdisciplinary unit such as the Nelson Institute for
Environmental Studies, the International Institute, the La Follette School for Public
Affairs, the Graduate School, or the new Wisconsin Institutes for Discovery.
Each of these existing units has tremendous strengths, and a few come close to
some (but not all) the core missions of WAGS. Unfortunately, we determined that
no existing unit conducts the scope and breadth of work that WAGS envisions—
flexibly bringing together the “best and the brightest” from across the entire
campus to advance cutting-edge, solutions-based research, teaching, communications and outreach, and societal engagement on the most vital, cross-disciplinary
problems challenging the globe today. While many existing units have exceptional
capacity in world-class research and development, interdisciplinary scholarship,
building international collaborations, external communications, or facilitating
broader societal engagement and outreach, no single unit has all these qualities in
a single place, in the proportions envisioned by WAGS.
Furthermore, all the existing units have a strong, but naturally limited (often by
definition) constituencies. None links activities across the entire campus.
Rather than wedging the mission of WAGS into an existing unit and declaring
success—something that often happens within universities—we feel strongly that
these global challenges deserve the full-time attention of a new, innovative campus
structure, purposefully designed for this goal.
These challenges are too important to leave to a less-than-optimal structural
solution.
The administration of WAGS would remain small, flexible, and nonintrusive. The director
of WAGS would be a faculty member with a strong commitment to interdisciplinary
global research. He or she would chair the WAGS advisory committee, composed of the
director and twelve others drawn from the faculty, academic staff, distinguished alumni,
and the public at large. All members of the advisory committee would have proven
records of activity with innovative global impact. All members would also have personal
familiarity with university research and with non–university activities in business, government, nongovernmental organizations, public advocacy, or public policy.
The advisory committee would help to articulate the research themes to focus WAGS
efforts. The assumption is that themes would change frequently, probably on a staggered three- to five-year cycle. The research themes would provide the director with an
agenda around which to mobilize faculty, centers, and non–university constituencies.
The research themes would also form an agenda for fund-raising from foundations,
federal and international agencies, and private donors.
The director would work closely with the chancellor, WARF, and the University of Wisconsin
Foundation to align fund-raising with the exciting initiatives nurtured by WAGS. The
director of WAGS should, accordingly, have a title equivalent to dean or vice chancellor.
Overview
Criterion 5b
261
262
Global Agenda
To be successful, WAGS would need critical investments of space, operating budget,
seed funding, access to major donors, and other resources.
WAGS would need enough space for offices (for staff and fellows), public events, seminars, and collaborative research work. There are many possible configurations of this
space—either in a single, integrative space or a distributed, interconnected space.
Building on the proposals from the Global Citizens and Leaders team, we envision the
possibility of a highly distributed set of spaces, connected through new, collaborative
technological solutions, as part of a CISCO-based, “eCAMPUS” initiative (see Global
Citizens report). We therefore propose that WAGS be allocated sufficient space in several
locations across the campus, with an appropriate budget for remodeling and high-tech
teleconferencing capabilities. While this represents a significant campus investment, it is
far less than the cost (in capital, operating and debt-servicing dollars) of new construction, and it is ultimately far more flexible.
A distributed, high-tech, space solution for WAGS has many advantages. First, it is more
likely to engender day-to-day participation of our faculty members, staff, and students,
compared to a single space on campus—typically far removed from the primary offices
of likely WAGS participants. Second, it is much more cost-effective and space, efficient
than building a new space, and utilizes existing locations on campus far better. Finally,
the appropriate eCAMPUS technology solutions have the advantage of increasing our
ability to communicate with other institutions—from academic, government, business,
and nonprofit sectors—across the region, the nation, and the world. As an organization
that is thinking of twenty-first-century solutions, what better space solution is there than
a decentralized, highly wired one?
To function properly, WAGS would also need critical investments of funding—both in
terms of core operating costs and seed funding for new initiatives. We anticipate a
small initial budget of $1 million, drawn from various funding sources around campus.
Building on its promise and early work, we expect that WAGS could attract significant
capital from outside sources for a much larger annual operating budget. We expect that
WAGS would work closely with the chancellor’s office, WARF, the UW Foundation, and
the state government to initiate a major fund-raising campaign, with extensive publicity.
The campaign would aim at charitable foundations, private donors, and federal government sources. Initial discussions with all these constituencies have indicated palpable
enthusiasm for this kind of initiative among potential donors.
Global Agenda
C. How Would People Participate in WAGS?
WAGS needs a capacity to operate at a range of scales, and flexibility to adapt to the
needs of particular projects or tasks. As such, WAGS would be organized in the broadest
and most flexible way possible—allowing for multiple modes of participation. Initially,
WAGS will support a wide array of activities, including:
• s hort-term (one to two years) faculty and staff projects, in collaboration with
outside partners, coordinated with “internal sabbaticals” proposals, described
above;
• m
edium-term projects (three to five years) that can be accomplished by a small
group of faculty, staff, and outside partners co-located on campus for a limited
period—a sort of temporary center;
• long-term projects (six to seven years) that may require greater investments of
time and resources—a semi-permanent, center-like activity, but with clear “sunset clause” provisions.
In addition, WAGS should have a capacity to act in other modes according to the
needs of the task or project. Some projects might be served by co-location (possibly
off campus) in summer for intensive collaborative work, with faculty returning to their
normal duties and loci in the academic year. Other projects might need “intellectual
venture investments,” principally in the form of faculty and staff time, to develop major
proposals to outside funders.
We envision that WAGS would have a number of resident “Fellows,” attached to particular projects and themes, drawn from the university and outside partners in industry,
government, academia, and civil society. It is especially important for the mission of
WAGS that nonacademic partners are well represented. While WAGS Fellows are a critical part of the alliance, we would also maintain the capacity for flexible, less-expensive
innovative activities that do not fit the “Fellow” structure but are nonetheless important.
We envision that a selected group of scholars and outside partners would rotate through
the center every one to five years, following the models articulated above.
It is very important that, at any given time, projects linked to WAGS represent a wide
range of disciplinary approaches. WAGS would not succeed if it becomes identified
with a single or narrowly configured approach to solving global problems. WAGS must
embrace—indeed, reach out to—the full array of expertise represented both on and off
campus. The regular rotation of associated projects and Fellows, as well as the rotation
of designated “themes,” would ensure the constant revitalization of WAGS as its affiliates tackle rapidly changing global challenges. WAGS cannot afford to stagnate, nor can
it succeed without broad participation from faculty and staff campuswide over time. Its
flexible, evolving structure ensures that it would remain both dynamic and inclusive.
WAGS Fellows will integrate their new interdisciplinary and real-world thinking into their
ongoing research and teaching. We expect, however, that participating scholars would
receive some significant release from department and university administrative duties.
They should also receive a modest research stipend to help finance some of their new
research while at the center.
D. Outcomes from WAGS
We conceive of WAGS as an important reform in the university with major payoffs. Our
goal is not to deal with all challenges at once, but to spark positive ripples with targeted
investments. WAGS would be an experiment to inspire new dynamism, catalyze new
ideas, and implement new solutions.
We believe that WAGS will deliver the following outcomes:
A “Big Idea” for UW–Madison in the twenty-first century. WAGS can be the “big idea” for
the university in the twenty-first century. It would capture what we do best—innovative,
interdisciplinary global research—and allow us to do it even better. It would identify us as
the place for research that is changing the world. It would make the university the leading
global research institution. We should aim for nothing less.
263
264
Global Agenda
Tell a unique, powerful story to the world. This is a simple, unique, and compelling story
for us to tell outside stakeholders about the university. It allows us to update and reinvigorate the Wisconsin Idea around the time of its one-hundredth anniversary. WAGS
would allow the university to set both a substantive research agenda and a positive narrative for how we are improving the state, the nation, and the world.
Rallying point for raising new resources. We are confident that there is a hunger for
what WAGS promises among major foundations, corporations, and private donors. In
our experience, many of our university’s most generous donors are excited by evidence
that our university is mobilizing in creative ways for new global challenges. WAGS would
inspire our outside stakeholders and attract new outside supporters. We believe that
WAGS can serve as a rallying point for an ambitious University of Wisconsin Foundation
fund-raising campaign. Other universities have raised very large sums for lesser visions.
We can offer more vision and more capability than our counterparts through WAGS,
and we can surely attract more non–state money. We can build the resources to be a
true global leader.
Note
1. Michael D. Cohen, James G. March, and Johan P. Olsen, “A Garbage Can Model of Organizational Choice,” Administrative Science Quarterly, vol. 17, no. 1. (March 1972), pp. 1–25.
Public University
265
Rethinking the Public Research University
“The UW–Madison living community
is saturated with a respect for and
urgent pursuit of knowledge that
will benefit our state and the world;
that physical setting, architecture,
teachers, researchers, students, and
the people of Wisconsin continually
conspire to create an atmosphere of
optimism; that the pursuit of understanding of our history, our current
world, and the future will lead to a
better state and a better Earth.”
Wisconsin alumnus
266
Public University
Co-Chairs
Michael F. Bernard-Donals, Chair, Department of English
Robert D. Mathieu, University Committee Chair; Professor, Department of Astronomy
Members
Emily K. Auerbach, Professor, Division of Continuing Studies and Department of English
David M. Bethea, Chair, Department of Slavic Languages and Literature
Gilles Bousquet, Dean, Division of International Studies
Barbara J. Bowers, Associate Dean, Professor, School of Nursing
Hardin L.K. Coleman, Associate Dean, School of Education; Professor, Department of
Counseling Psychology
Michael T. Collins, Professor, Department of Pathobiological Sciences
Hector F. DeLuca, Professor, Department of Biochemistry and Department of Biomolecular
Chemistry
Sharon L. Dunwoody, Associate Dean, Graduate School; Professor, School of Journalism
and Mass Communication
Susan C. Hagness, Professor, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering
Charles B. Hoslet, Director, Office of Corporate Relations
Deborah C. Jenson, Director, Center for the Humanities; Associate Professor, Department
of French and Italian
Michael M. Knetter, Dean, School of Business
Brent C. Maddux, Graduate Student, Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences
Steven M. Nadler, Chair, Department of Philosophy
F. Javier Nieto, Chair, Department of Population Health Sciences
Kenneth W. Potter, Professor, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering
Pamela L. Ruegg, Professor, Department of Dairy Science
John B. Sharpless, Professor, Department of History
Peyton L. Smith, Assistant Vice Chancellor for Extended Programs, Office of the Provost
Thomas W. Still, President, Wisconsin Technology Council
R. Richard Wagner, Former Chair of Dane County Board of Supervisors, UW–Madison
Alumnus, MA ‘67, PhD ‘71
J. Randal Wallar, Associate Director, Morgridge Center for Public Service
Anne E. Whisner, Civic Engagement Coordinator, Morgridge Center for Public Service
Support Staff
Mathilde Andrejko, Assistant to the Director
Maureen J. Cotter, Facilitator, Director, Office of Quality Improvement
Public University
I. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
The University of Wisconsin–Madison is both a great research university and a great
public university. Through the power of the Wisconsin Idea, these two roles merge to
create a great public research university. In this context, the definition of being public is
a mutual commitment between UW–Madison and the people of Wisconsin to support
and enhance one another and the global community.
A great public research university must address great public challenges and goals. In the
next decade, we seek to more intentionally couple the intellectual capacity of the university with the identified needs of the state, the nation, and the world. For UW–Madison to
enhance its role as the exemplar of a great public research university into the twenty-first
century, faculty, staff, and students must see and embrace their roles as contributing
to the public good, and must engage with the issues and opportunities that face the
people of both Wisconsin and the global community.
Our overarching recommendation for the next decade calls for UW–Madison to more
strongly embrace the Wisconsin Idea for the public good, and to demonstrate that our
connections and responsibilities with the people of Wisconsin and the global community
are opportunities for the very best work that a great public research university can do.
We will foster aligned and sustained public work by faculty, students, and staff; build
partnerships with the public; enhance public access to the opportunities and resources
of the university; and change our organizational and reward structures to encourage
public work. Our educational mission is one of our strongest embodiments of the
Wisconsin Idea.
The university’s current work is already rich in engaged citizenship and demonstrates
the power of good ideas applied to solving social, economic, health, educational, environmental, and other challenges faced by people in Wisconsin and across the globe.
We also recognize the public good of the university’s commitment to ensuring that
hardworking, talented Wisconsin students, regardless of background and means, can
obtain one of the finest educations and degrees in the world. UW–Madison begins the
twenty-first century from a position of impressive tradition and strength.
We nonetheless assert that UW–Madison has substantial untapped ability to address the
opportunities and issues identified by the state and global public. We also assert that
engaging that capacity will require intentional commitment and action by the university community to advance the public good. Finally, we assert that such a commitment
will lead to enhanced prestige and recognition of UW–Madison in research, in education, and in leadership for all public research universities. In ten years, UW–Madison
will attract—and produce—the finest public intellectuals: scholars, researchers, teachers,
and students who intentionally connect their intellectual power to serving the public
good.
We have in our midst at UW–Madison remarkable talent and knowledge by which to
join with the public in this work. Still needed is a new model for the university that aligns
that talent and fosters interdisciplinary engagement of the UW–Madison community
with major public issues.
A. Recommendations: What We Do
1. Aligned and sustained public work
We seek systemic and enduring impact for the public good. This goal will require, and
motivate, interdisciplinary connection across the campus, a long-standing strategic goal
of the university.
1.1 Develop and implement interdisciplinary systems that enable aligned and sustained
engagement of the university with public opportunities and challenges.
1.2 Develop funding and resource models that promote aligned, sustained engagement
on timelines appropriate to the goals.
267
268
Public University
1.3 Develop a broad, inclusive understanding of the role of the humanities and the arts
within coherent, sustained engagement for the public good.
1.4 F ocus university-wide attention on a select few of the foremost public opportunities
and challenges.
2. Partnerships with the public
We envision establishing a highly collaborative relationship between the university and
the public. Being a public research university means having public conversations and
establishing public relationships.
2.1 Establish ongoing and mutual communication with the public.
2.2 Develop modes of operation to work collaboratively with the public.
2.3 Develop institutional partnerships for impact throughout Wisconsin.
2.4 Enhance knowledge transfer to bring economic benefit to the public.
3. Expanded access of the public to the opportunities and resources of
UW–Madison
The university is a resource of and for the people of Wisconsin. All Wisconsin residents—
whether or not they are enrolled students at UW–Madison—should have access to the
teaching, research, and other benefits of the university. In return, access of the public
brings diverse perspectives to the campus.
3.1 Enhance financial aid programs as one of the highest priorities of UW–Madison.
3.2 Invest in programs and technology to broaden public access to the university.
3.3 Become the trusted and accessible source of expertise for the public.
3.4 Expand the sharing of academic programs and courses with other universities in
Wisconsin, regionally, and beyond.
4. Engaged students serving the public
Forty thousand students represent tremendous capacity for connecting the knowledge and research capability of the university, and of the students themselves, to the
public. We seek to increase the role of students in connecting the intellectual capacity of
UW–Madison in public work.
4.1 Integrate the Wisconsin Idea throughout the academic and nonacademic student
experiences.
4.2 Embed the Wisconsin Idea in student recruitment and admissions.
4.3 W
ork with the state of Wisconsin to develop programs that encourage UW–Madison
students to stay in or return to Wisconsin after their education.
5. Recognition of the impact of UW–Madison for the public good
Exceptional public work already occurs at UW–Madison. Making widely known the
public work of the university is critical to developing support, trust, and further opportunities with the public.
5.1 Develop and support more powerful strategies of communicating our public work
to members of our public.
Public University
B. Recommendations: Systems That Enable
To accomplish these goals, significant changes must occur in the university’s governance and organizational structures, its rewards systems, the way it implements budgets
and allocates funds, and the infrastructure that supports that work. Public work requires
easy movement between the academic center of the university and the public domain
outside, and it requires that faculty and staff be able to forge relationships with the public
and with one another across disciplines. We make the following recommendations for
systems that will enable coherent and sustainable engagement with the public.
6. Organizational structures
6.1Develop criteria for merging, reorganizing, and regrouping departments, centers,
colleges, and units to better promote interdisciplinary public work.
6.2 Make clear that UW–Madison wishes to hire more faculty who value the Wisconsin
Idea and public work.
6.3 Create an administrative structure that increases awareness of and connects the
excellent public work across the entire university.
7. Rewards
7.1 Create a task force, reporting to the provost and the Faculty Senate, to develop
guidelines and criteria that will adequately protect and reward faculty at all ranks
who engage in high-quality research and teaching that involve explicitly public
work.
7.2 Align the criteria and policies of Divisional Committees and other university structures (including those in the departments) that oversee the granting of tenure, promotion, and mentoring in a way that gives meaningful weight to intellectual work
done in the public sphere.
7.3 Define the extent to which units must include considerations of public research and
scholarship in their criteria for merit and other professional rewards.
7.4 Establish rewards for excellent work in the public sphere—like the Hamel Family
Fellowships—that have the prestige and the dollar equivalents to current WARF
awards that principally value pure research (e.g., Romnes, Kellett, WARF named
professorships).
8. Budget and funds
8.1 Design greater flexibility in budgeting lines.
8.2 Develop criteria for budgeting decisions that promote public work.
8.3 Establish grant support for addressing issues of importance to the public.
8.4 Develop cost-sharing strategies that do not disadvantage units whose public work
does not generate significant revenue.
9. Processes and infrastructure
9.1 Fully invest in CIC broadband.
9.2 Make better use of technology to avoid redundancy, to share resources, and to
increase access.
9.3 Streamline industry-sponsored research agreements.
The responsibility of UW–Madison in the twenty-first century to benefit both the people
of Wisconsin and the global community represents a powerful opportunity to leverage
alignments of local and global work. We envision an implementation of the Wisconsin
Idea in which the state of Wisconsin becomes our laboratory for the world, and in which
the world is our laboratory for Wisconsin. The research and education achievements of
UW–Madison on behalf of and in concert with the people of Wisconsin will be internationally recognized and respected.
269
270
Public University
II. INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND
A. Foundational Ideas
Criterion 1a
“The Wisconsin Idea is what separates us from other universities. This
speaks to the focus of our research
and outreach educational programs
but more important, a student body
that embraces commitment to the
community and the betterment of
society.”
UW–Madison faculty member
The Wisconsin Idea in the twenty-first century carries a tension between our responsibilities and connections to the local and global publics. In this tension is an exciting vitality
for the university that serves well both Wisconsin and the world.
A great public research university must address great public challenges and goals. In the
next decade, we seek to increase the University of Wisconsin–Madison’s public roles,
and to more intentionally couple the intellectual capacity of the university with the identified needs of the state and the world. Ultimately, our connections and responsibilities
to the people of Wisconsin and to the global community are opportunities for the very
best work that a great public research university can do.
UW–Madison is one of the world’s great research universities, and one of the nation’s
great public universities. For the university to enhance its role as a great public research
university over the next ten years and on into the twenty-first century, faculty, staff, and
students must see and embrace their roles as contributing to the public good, and be
engaged with the issues and opportunities that face the people of both the Wisconsin
and the global communities.
Our definition of “public” in this context is “a mutual engagement between the university and the people of Wisconsin to support and enhance one another and the global
community.” We see this definition as an extension of the Wisconsin Idea, promulgated
at the beginning of the last century, which held that the boundaries of the university
were the boundaries of the state, and which explicitly committed the university to serve
all the people of the state. One hundred years later, the Wisconsin Idea remains vital in
spirit and importance.
Criterion 5c
Given the global connections of knowledge and information, of economies, of channels of communication, and of people, the original exposition of the Wisconsin Idea has
become limited in scope. The Wisconsin Idea of the twenty-first century must recognize
the close connections of Wisconsin and global issues, and affirm the symbiotic relationships of their solutions. The broadened responsibility of UW–Madison to benefit both
the people of Wisconsin and the global community adds an exciting vitality that well
serves the university, the state of Wisconsin, and the world.
Our overarching recommendation for the next decade calls for UW–Madison to
more strongly embrace the Wisconsin Idea for the public good, and to demonstrate that our connections and responsibilities with the people of Wisconsin and
the global community are opportunities for the very best work that a great public
research university can do.
UW–Madison comprises a remarkable collection of talented individuals—faculty, staff,
and students—committed to the public good. We have found the university’s current
work to be exemplary of engaged citizenship and of the power of good ideas applied
to social, economic, health, educational, environmental, and other needs in Wisconsin
and across the globe. We also recognize the public good of the university’s commitment
to ensuring that hardworking, talented Wisconsin students, regardless of background
and means, can obtain one of the finest educations and degrees in the world. The
UW–Madison begins the twenty-first century from a position of impressive tradition and
strength.
That said, we assert that UW–Madison has substantial untapped capacity to address the
rich opportunities and pressing challenges of the state and global publics. We also assert
that applying that capacity will require an intentional commitment by the university
community to embrace its capability to advance the public good. This is not an “apple
pie” statement without consequences. In fact, the implications for how UW–Madison
functions would be major and demanding. Such a commitment of the university will
lead to enhanced prestige and recognition in research, in education, and in leadership
among public research universities.
Public University
In this report we provide key ideas, specific recommendations, and approaches for
UW–Madison such that all members of the university community have the opportunity to apply some facets of their work to the public good. Our recommendations are
designed to allow members of the university and the public to work together across disciplinary, community, and bureaucratic boundaries; make UW–Madison a public space
in which members of the university and the greater community share a physical space
and common intellectual and civic ideas; and make UW–Madison accessible to all who
wish to make use of its resources and the expertise found among its students, faculty,
and staff.
In ten years, UW–Madison will attract—and produce—public intellectuals: scholars,
researchers, teachers, and students who intentionally connect their intellectual power
to serving the public good. Students, faculty, and staff of UW–Madison and the people
of Wisconsin will see themselves as collaborating for a better Wisconsin and a better
world. And throughout the world, UW–Madison will be recognized as a truly great
public research university.
B. Publicity: Why the Wisconsin Idea Is Still Important
In today’s world, publicity usually means the gaining of attention, and is equated with
celebrity. Here we use a more classical meaning of “publicity”: the conditions that create
a public space where civic engagement and the free and vigorous exchange of ideas,
regardless of the status of the people advancing them, foster a greater good for the individuals so engaged. One of the most significant meanings of “public” resonates back to
the 1861 Morrill Act’s insistence that land-grant universities should serve the sons and
daughters of the working class. The Morrill Act meant to provide practical training in the
arts and sciences that would serve the growing middle class, and to provide students
with a clear sense of the contemporary culture, language, and skills that they would
need to succeed as fully involved members of the public sphere.
The Morrill Act and the GI Bill of 1944 are among the most significant and successful
contemporary public initiatives in support of higher education for the broad public
good. We approach the centennial anniversary (2012) of The Wisconsin Idea by Charles
McCarthy, within which President Theodore Roosevelt wrote that “all through the Union,
we need to learn the Wisconsin lesson of scientific popular self-help, and of patient care
in radical legislation.” This is a propitious time to recognize and reaffirm that the ideas
of the Morrill Act form the very foundation of who we are as UW–Madison.
We also stress that the greatness and international reputation of UW–Madison as a research
university rest upon these roots. Many accomplishments for which UW–Madison is most
renowned spring from the ideals of the Wisconsin Idea. These include applications of
Vitamin D, shared university governance, iodized salt, the conceptualization of Social
Security and Worker’s Compensation, The Dictionary of American Regional English, bloodthinning drugs, the Innocence Project, development of Fast Plants, and pioneering stem
cell research.
As we begin the twenty-first century, we assert that it is vital that UW–Madison remains
aligned with its foundational ideals. We see UW–Madison as a premier research university in the country because of its willingness to engage with the public, to provide an
education whose outcome is critical to economic health and citizenship, and to include
members of the public in its mission—not just those who gain admission to the university but also those who share in its goals to foster the public good.
We cite four reasons why the Wisconsin Idea and, more broadly, the explicit recognition
of our publicity remain essential to a vital future for UW–Madison.
1. As the UW–Madison, each of us bears a covenant with the state.
Each reaccreditation of the university has an obligation to (re)affirm that we are the
University of Wisconsin–Madison. That bond to the state ties us to the past, to the
present, and to the future. Our origin as a state land-grant university has already been
noted. Lest 150 years seem too long of a time to reach back for definition of who
we are, our current commitments to the state are seen everywhere on campus: at the
Criterion 1
Criterion 5
271
272
Public University
Teacher Education building; at Agricultural Hall and the barns of west campus; at the
UW Hospital with the MedFlight helicopter flying overhead; and among the 25,000
students from Wisconsin as classes change. The new Wisconsin Idea in Action database
currently lists more than 600 outreach initiatives.1
Criterion 5c
Equally important, the university’s commitments to Wisconsin are seen throughout the
state: 90 percent of the pharmacists in the state; 3,000 nurses and 1,800 librarians, in
most every town; thirteen agricultural research stations; more than 6,000 K–12 teachers
and principals across the state; touring artists; Cooperative Extension offices and faculty
in every county; respected voices and programs on Wisconsin Public Radio; and alumni
among business and civic leadership.
UW–Madison today represents the cumulative investment of the people of Wisconsin
and of the university over more than 150 years. In recognition of those who came before
us, each of us bears responsibility for maintaining and enhancing the Wisconsin Idea
for the future university community and the future people of the state. We are a public
trust.
2. The Wisconsin Idea is an essential component of our identity.
UW–Madison is one of the world’s great research universities. That said, it is not the only
great research university, or indeed the only great state research university. So we find
ourselves always competing with others for the very best in faculty, students, and staff.
In terms of funds, we typically do not compete from a position of strength.
Nonetheless, we often succeed in attracting the very best, specifically because we are
UW–Madison. Part of being UW–Madison is, of course, a tradition in forefront research,
a dedication to the best in education, our pledge of academic freedom, and our setting
in a wonderful city by the lakes. But a major part of being UW–Madison is an internationally recognized identity for commitment to the public good, for commitment to
the people. Great public intellectuals choose to come to UW–Madison because of the
Wisconsin Idea, because of our land-grant history, because of our tradition of shared
governance by all.
However, great ideas are emulated by others. UW–Madison is not the only university
with a strong commitment to the public good. Without a major recommitment to leadership in the Wisconsin Idea, we will assuredly lose that competitive advantage.
3. There is much need in the state and the world.
Criterion 5b
Together, UW–Madison and the people of Wisconsin face many opportunities and challenges. It is critically important to create a knowledgeable citizenry that contributes to
the public good and engages in that public discourse required for a vital democracy. It is
equally important that the basic research and applied work of the university contribute
centrally to resolving major public challenges and developing rich public opportunities. Finally, the university must illuminate and bridge the cultural and economic differences and disparities that both enable and prevent people from working together.
In short, UW–Madison must be an engine for the public good. We have in our midst at
UW–Madison the talent, the knowledge, and the will to join with the public in this work.
It is much needed.
4. Engagement with the needs of the state is politically essential.
Criterion 5d
The people of Wisconsin provide nearly 20 percent of the operating funds of the university, including 75 percent of faculty salaries. Even though the level of state funding in
absolute dollars regrettably has decreased, the support of the people of the state remains
the foundation for both the education and the research missions of the university.
In this context, the recent findings of Professor Kathy Cramer Walsh are a concern. She
visited a wide array of Wisconsin communities beyond a fifty-mile radius from Madison,
where she asked—in coffee houses, gas stations, VFW halls, and community centers—
what people think of when they think about UW–Madison. The answers were telling.
First, most people really didn’t think much about UW–Madison. Those who did thought
about Badger sports first, followed by medical research (particularly the stem-cell work
Public University
recently in the news), and the university’s high reputation as an educational institution.
To a large extent, they did not see UW–Madison as playing a role in their lives, with the
exception of possibly educating their children. Our conversations with legislators similarly revealed a primary, if not sole, emphasis on UW–Madison’s educational role. That
the university might represent a source of knowledge and methodologies relevant to the
issues with which they were wrestling was largely absent.
At the same time, a University Committee survey of UW–Madison faculty found that
the issue most often cited as requiring shared-governance attention was university relations with the state (and especially the legislature). We suggest that the findings of both
Professor Cramer Walsh and the University Committee are closely connected, and all
the more accentuated in tight economic times. We also suggest that the resolution of
both, as well as the future vitality of the university, will be linked to the people of the
state seeing UW–Madison, through both education and research, as a major contributor
to solutions for the state’s needs rather than yet another challenge to the state’s limited
budgets.
C. The Current Context for Implementing the W
­ isconsin Idea
In order to move the Wisconsin Idea into the twenty-first century, it is necessary to
acknowledge several substantial challenges to its implementation. In 2007, about
30 percent of the UW–Madison budget—more than $650 million—was provided by
sponsored research, primarily through federal funding. This research funding is a tremendous benefit for Wisconsin. Most of the funds are expended in the state, and the
advances in knowledge benefit all people. Nonetheless, much of the funding is not for
research directly targeted at addressing issues in Wisconsin, which limits the freedom
of the investigators to also turn their intellectual attention toward the Wisconsin public.
Solving this challenge will require a change in mindset within the university community,
and within funding sources.2 The degree to which research on reducing diabetes in
Uganda will benefit the people of Wisconsin depends on our intentionality in making
that connection.
Similarly, in many disciplines professional prestige and promotion are largely if not
entirely divorced from direct public impact, and even when public impact is considered,
impact on Wisconsin per se is not favored preferentially. This is true both internationally
and within the university itself. Thus it is a rare letter of recommendation for promotion
or a rare highly prestigious award (consider, e.g., the Romnes, Kellett, Vilas, and Hilldale
awards) that emphasizes achievement beyond research accomplishment. Such a reward
system does not promote commitment to public roles of the university.
A different challenge rests upon the recent difficulties in UW–Madison and UW System
relationships with some state policy makers. In discussions with state legislators, with
the Wisconsin Alumni Association Board, and with residents as highlighted in Professor
Cramer Walsh’s study, time and again we were told that a major obstacle to supporting
the public work of UW–Madison is a lack of trust: in the university’s leadership, in the
university’s faculty, and in the mission of the university (which is seen by some as elitist).
Among policy makers who support our work, several said that they don’t know (or know
enough) about the public work that is currently taking place, and questioned whether
we are sending the right people to talk with them about it. Clearly, serving the public
good will require strengthening our relationship with the public. This is another dimension of being a public trust.
Of course, exceptional public work already takes place at UW–Madison, in which
members of the university community are fully engaged with the people of Wisconsin.
The Morgridge Center for Public Service, the Center for the Humanities, the Gaylord
Nelson Institute for Environmental Studies, the Wisconsin Partnership for a Healthy
Future, and many others focus on the public dimension of the university’s work. Our
continuing education enterprise served 161,353 learners (2006–07) seeking professional development and personal enrichment in more than 2,000 noncredit programs.
Our extensive academic and sports precollege programs draw in some 14,000 youth
each year. Attendance at UW–Madison arts events both on campus and throughout the
state is about 150,000 people annually.
Criterion 2b
Overview
Criterion 4a
273
274
Public University
However, because of the size of the university and its decentralized structures, this public
work is often unknown even to members of the university community. The lack of effective systems to align these efforts is ultimately inefficient and expensive, and substantially
raises the bar for broad participation (by both the university and public communities)
and for the development of new initiatives.
Finally, explicit in our definition of “public” is a responsibility of UW–Madison to benefit
both the people of Wisconsin and the global community. To a certain extent this requires
finding a balance between efforts that may compete for resources. We suggest that this
also represents a powerful opportunity to connect local and global work whose net
impact is greater than the sum of the parts. We envision an implementation of the
Wisconsin Idea in which the state of Wisconsin becomes our laboratory for the world,
and in which the world is our laboratory for Wisconsin. The research and education
achievements of UW–Madison on behalf of and in concert with the people of Wisconsin
will be internationally recognized and respected.
D. Charge to Our Team: Rethinking the Public University
Our charge was to rethink and define the meaning of “public research university,” the
concept that underlies the entire reaccreditation initiative. The charge notes that “the
separate ideas encompassed by the terms ‘public,’ ‘research,’ and ‘university’ are fundamental.” The team undertook specifically the question of how the public status and role
of UW–Madison can enhance its leadership as a great public research university.
Specific questions in the charge included:
• What will define the “public research university” of the future?
• Who is our public?
• How can (or how should) the university be of service to the public?
• How can the university be seen as a public space?
• H
ow can the university become more accessible to and better serve the people
of Wisconsin?
• H
ow can the Wisconsin Idea guide our definition of our future role and responsibility to the state of Wisconsin in a global society?
The team was also charged to consider cross-cutting themes such as diversity, technology, and systems that enable. The issue of diversity is integral to the question of
access that we have considered at length—to what extent can we better provide access
to all those who wish to become involved in the university’s work? Broadly, we seek in
our recommendations for the university to be a leveler across the state for access to a
wide variety of opportunities, including but not limited to education. We also consider
diversity issues with respect to those who have easy access to knowledge (especially
through modern technology) and those who do not. The question of systems that
enable (and to some extent prevent) the very best public work is addressed extensively
in our report in terms of budgeting, rewards systems, governance, and other university
structures (such as the organization of colleges, divisions, and departments).
E. Approach to Our Work
Our team was composed of twenty-three people representing a broad cross-section of
the university and local communities, including faculty from the colleges of Agricultural
and Life Sciences, Engineering, Letters and Science; faculty from the schools of Business,
Education, Medicine and Public Health, Nursing, and Veterinary Medicine; the divisions
of Continuing Studies and International Studies; academic staff members from university administration; community members and alumni of UW–Madison; and student representatives. The team met nine times between October 2007 and February 2008. Team
meetings were facilitated by members of the Office of Quality Improvement.
At its first meeting, the team discussed its charge, had a freewheeling and open discussion about the idea of the public research university, and created a schedule of six
Public University
275
subsequent two-hour meetings. During these meetings, the team heard from other
representatives from across the university whose units and areas represented a wide
array of implementations of the Wisconsin Idea, including Cooperative Extension, the
School of Medicine and Public Health, the Morgridge Center of Public Service, and the
Center for the Humanities.
The team undertook to identify key constituencies of the university in the state of
Wisconsin, ultimately settling upon communities and people, policy makers, the private
sector, and students. The team also defined three key facets of the university’s work—
education, research, and engagement/problem solving. Here we made the (admittedly
boundaryless) distinction between research purely for the advancement of knowledge
and research with the express purpose of addressing a real-world problem.
The team then subdivided into four working groups according to constituency, with
the overarching charge of determining “What do we do? With whom?” We emphasize
the wording “With whom?” From the very beginning it was clear that a theme of our
work was going to be the importance of a mutual, collaborative relationship between
the university and the public. The working groups met to define their constituencies,
to undertake research on university work being done with those constituencies, and to
meet with members of those constituencies. In this effort we were aided enormously
by the contemporaneous work of the Wisconsin Idea Project and its resulting database,
and by the Office of Human Resources. Each working group created a document that
defined its constituency, identified the key issues of importance to its constituency, and
made key recommendations on how the university might work more effectively with
the public (as defined, in part by that constituency), including specifically which systems
would need to be transformed in order to do this work.
I value the university’s contributions
in a greater context. UW–Madison is
not just an educational institution. It
provides cutting-edge research and
valuable insights in to current issues.
It also provides the state with an
educated work force [that] will carry
us through the coming generations.
UW–Madison student
The team concluded with a four-hour retreat at which members distilled and integrated
the key ideas and recommendations, and discussed the changes required to achieve
these goals. Sections III and IV of this report present the key ideas and specific recommendations, respectively, of the team. Between November and February, members of
the team met with key legislative members to discuss their perception of the university’s
public mission, as well as key issues facing the state.
III. Vision for the Future
What should be our bold visions as we move forward in the next ten years at
UW–Madison? How can we make the university a more explicitly public entity, working
with the people of the state and the broader global community? How can we ensure
that our students see the education gained here as having a real impact upon the lives
of the people of the state of Wisconsin, or the states in which they will work, or upon the
global agenda? How can we promote faculty and staff work that is thoroughly engaged
in the public sphere and has applicability to the issues of importance for the state and
global communities? How can we reward such work in a way that continues to promote
and ensure scholarly and intellectual excellence?
A. Key Ideas
Five ideas compel us and provide the framework for the recommendations that follow.
1. Aligned and sustained public work
While it is impossible for us to appraise all the activities that UW–Madison faculty, staff,
and students undertake each year on behalf of the people of Wisconsin, the result would
surely be inspiring. That said, because of the short duration of the funding support for
many of these activities, especially in cases of external funding, many of these initiatives might be characterized as “1,000 points of flashing light.” A common concern
expressed by Wisconsin communities is that our interventions have been too brief to
accomplish their goals.
Criteria 5a–d
276
Public University
In addition, our investigations show that it is common for multiple parts of the university
to be working with the same constituency, unbeknownst to one another. This situation
describes a missed opportunity for systemic and enduring impact, and a missed opportunity for interdisciplinary connection across campus, a long-standing strategic goal of
the university.
This situation calls for a bold new model for UW–Madison that promotes aligned and
sustained engagement of the university with major public issues. Specifically, the university should move aggressively toward:
• systemic approaches toward public issues
In our vision, conversations,
plans, and actions in every corner
of the university will include
public engagement in the same
way that they currently include
teaching and research. Furthermore, these conversations will
cross the university community.
Ultimately, it will be the very
integration of teaching, research,
and public engagement across
the campus that will mark
UW–Madison as a remarkable
public research university.
• interdisciplinary coherence of public work
• adequate durations of engagement for sustained impact
Arguably, these goals might be stated for almost any initiative of the university. We
suggest that compelling public opportunities and challenges can provide the common
human bond to motivate the major changes necessary to supersede disciplinary and
organizational boundaries.
These goals are embedded in a vision for UW–Madison in which our public engagement is highly integrated within the mission, the organizational structures, and the daily
business of the university. We are not suggesting merely the addition of an “Institute
of Public Research” or a peripheral “Office of Public Outreach.” In our vision, conversations, plans, and actions in every corner of the university will include public engagement
in the same way that they currently include teaching and research. Furthermore, these
conversations will cross the university community. Ultimately, it will be the very integration of teaching, research, and public engagement across the campus that will mark
UW–Madison as a remarkable public research university.
2. Partnerships with the public
Criterion 5b
Often, scholars at UW–Madison select and pursue their work according to personal
interests and external funding opportunities; thereafter they make their work public—
for example, through public talks, seminars with stakeholders, teaching in K–12 schools,
public writing, or exposure through the media. This unidirectional approach to the
Wisconsin Idea is implicit in the word “outreach.” Such outreach is an important role of
a public university, for in so doing the university provides discovery and intellectual leadership, opens new windows for the public, and identifies key directions for the common
good. The current scope and breadth of outreach activities by the university community
is outstanding.
As a complement to this approach, we envision also establishing a highly collaborative
relationship between the university and the public. In the best spirit of the Wisconsin
Idea, UW–Madison should work with the public to identify major opportunities and challenges toward which we could direct our intellectual energy in concert with members
of the public. Our constituents know well the challenges and opportunities that face
them, and their voices can help guide the intellectual energies of the university. At the
same time, the university should provide insights that anticipate the opportunities and
challenges of the future for the public. Thus we suggest that being a public research
university requires having public conversations and establishing public relationships.
Equally important, and currently less developed, UW–Madison should work with the
public to develop and implement solutions and to take advantage of opportunities. At
their best, UW–Madison has much to offer the people of Wisconsin and the people of
Wisconsin have much to offer UW–Madison. Either working alone is limited by perspective, by knowledge, and by person power. By working in partnership, with the public,
other institutions of higher education, the private sector, or government agencies, the
benefits of UW–Madison for Wisconsin will be amplified manyfold.
Public University
3. Expanded public accessibility to the opportunities and resources of
UW–Madison
Criterion 5a
UW–Madison is a resource of and for the people of Wisconsin. It is the people’s university
to which the people should have access. Of course, a primary access route will be as
students at UW–Madison, but all people should have access to the teaching, research,
and other benefits of the university. In addition, access of the public brings valuable and
diverse perspectives to the campus.
“Accessibility” means that there should be no walls between the university and the
public, whether physical, organizational or psychological. Rather, the university should
build bridges to the public. While UW–Madison remains one of the most selective public
universities in the country, it should not be seen as an exclusive university. The public
should understand that resources at UW–Madison are attainable, approachable, and
accessible. Similarly, the university’s physical landscape should be welcoming to all
people, as it is their university.
An important goal is to spread access to the university more evenly throughout the
state. The broad reach of new information technologies greatly increases the opportunities for access at a distance, and allows the university to serve both the state and
global publics. However, it is essential that we recognize the widening divide between
the haves and have-nots with respect to digital technology and access. Furthermore,
the value of access via personal contact—even if only by voice or image—must not be
minimized in a world where such interaction is less and less available.
An equally important goal is to spread access to the university more evenly across other
dimensions of the public. We must always recognize and value that the demographics of
the people of the state are in some ways different from those of the university. Twentyfive percent of the Wisconsin public have four-year college degrees; perhaps 7 percent
have attended a research university. Forty-five percent of the Wisconsin public live
outside cities, while 30 percent live in the Milwaukee metropolitan area. Four percent
of the public are first-generation. Half have annual household incomes below $49,0003.
The university and these publics have much to learn from each other, but often are not
yet comfortable with each other. Our recommendations for access seek to change that
dynamic.
4. Engaged students serving the public
UW is rightfully proud of its long tradition of national leadership in placing students
in service to the public, ranging from the Peace Corps and Teach for America to chief
executive officers in the private sector. Forty-four percent of undergraduates participate
in campus or community volunteer service. The Morgridge Center for Public Service is
a leading example of the commitment of alumni, students, and the entire university to
enhancing opportunities for students to serve the public good.
Nonetheless, the more than 40,000 students of the UW–Madison community represent
a tremendous capacity for connecting the knowledge and research capability of the
university, and of the students themselves, to the public, and vice versa. Much of this
capacity remains untapped. We seek to enhance the role of students in connecting the
intellectual capacity of the UW–Madison with the public.
Several principles must guide the implementation of this idea of enhancing the role of
students in connecting the intellectual capacity of the university with the public. First
and foremost, the best interests of the students are paramount. We must seek to identify
opportunities that both add value to the experiences, education, and life paths of the
students and enhance the public good.
Second, we specifically seek to connect the newly developed intellectual capacities of the
students to the public good (in contrast to, but not replacing, service work). Through
their work in classes, research experiences, and learning communities, the students of
UW–Madison carry with them the intellectual capital of the university. That intellectual
investment and capability can be much more intentionally connected to the public
good.
Criterion 5c
277
278
Public University
Third, engagement of students in the Wisconsin Idea occurs both during their time at
UW–Madison and throughout their lives beyond the university. Thus our recommendations focus both on development and engagement while UW students and on continued service to the public, and especially to Wisconsin, both in the public and private
sectors.
Finally, we stress the importance of both undergraduate and graduate students in the
connection of the intellectual capacity of UW–Madison with the public.
Criterion 5d
5. Recognition of the impact of UW–Madison on the public good
Exceptional public work already occurs as UW–Madison partners with members of the
public and the global community to engage issues of local as well as global importance.
This work can go unnoticed by all but those immediate publics involved; indeed even
in those cases the linkages to UW–Madison are not always clear to the people involved
(especially in the case of Extension activities). Making widely known the public work of
the university is critical to developing support, trust, and further opportunities with the
public.
B. What Success Would Look Like
If these key ideas were to guide UW–Madison, what might the results look like in 2018?
• U
W–Madison will be a national model for innovative approaches to working with
the public, and providing resources to the state and the global community. It will
become, in other words, a model public research university for the twenty-first
century.
• T
he partnerships of UW–Madison and the public will have enhanced the university’s international status and reputation.
• U
W–Madison will be a great public research university that serves the public
good in both the state and the global communities.
• U
W–Madison will have effectively turned its attention to helping revitalize the
city of Milwaukee in partnership with the Milwaukee public, with UW–Milwaukee
and with other Milwaukee colleges and universities, and with an array of public
and private sector entities.
• O
ur constituencies in the state will be aware that there are valuable resources on
campus for their benefit.
• P
olicy makers (including state legislators) will have a greater understanding about
the work done at UW–Madison and how it is of public benefit.
• U
W–Madison will have established collaborations with other UW System institutions, businesses, and local organizations to engage with rural communities across
the state, particularly those with higher levels of isolation and deprivation.
• U
W–Madison will continue to have a significant role in the development of new
economic benefits for the state, originating directly from UW activities (start-up
companies, new industry, etc.).
• U
W–Madison will have played a central role in improving K–12 education in the
state.
• W
isconsin civic culture will be invigorated by an investment in the humanities
and the arts, to the benefit of Wisconsin communities throughout the state.
• C
hallenges and opportunities for the state of Wisconsin will have been identified
collaboratively, and the university will have found ways to deploy its intellectual
energy toward them.
• P
eople of the state will place their trust in the university, and will see it as an
open and transparent institution. Equally important, the university community
will place its trust in the public.
• T
he people of the state, and the university itself, will see the central role of the
humanities and the arts in developing an educated, involved, and vital citizenry.
Public University
• R
epeating Professor Cramer Walsh’s study will find that a greater number of people in the state can identify ways that UW–Madison improves their lives.
• M
ore faculty and staff will be engaged, through their research and teaching, in
Wisconsin Idea work, and will be supported through (new) reward structures and
systems that recognize the high value of this work.
• S
tudents who wish to come to UW–Madison, and turn their intellectual energies
toward the state (either while they are at the university or after they graduate)
will be encouraged and financially supported.
• A
ll members of the university community—faculty, staff, students, and administrators—will know and value the Wisconsin Idea.
• M
ore students who come to the university will stay in or return to the state after
graduation.
• F aculty, staff, and students working at the university and the public will see the
state as a laboratory for addressing global problems.
• T
he student body at UW–Madison will look more diverse, in terms of cultural
background, in terms of economic background, in terms of the ratio of traditional and nontraditional students, and in terms of the students’ willingness to
engage in work serving the public during and after their time at the university.
IV. KEY Recommendations
How do we accomplish all of this? We recommend the following actions, both in what
we do as a public research university (section A), and in the systems and rewards structures that the university uses to promulgate its values (section B).
A. Recommendations: What We Do
These recommendations are organized within the five key ideas and are not intended to
overlap with visions and recommendations coming out of other reaccreditation teams.
Overlap is unintentional and serendipitous.
279
280
Public University
Because the Global Agenda and Global Citizens teams have been charged with making
recommendations regarding shaping the global agenda of the university, our recommendations focus on initiatives with the Wisconsin public. Assuredly, these boundaries
will be, and should be, very porous. Even so, we reaffirm that UW–Madison bears a
special responsibility to the Wisconsin public. Similarly, the Discovery and Learning team
has been charged to consider educational and research excellence, and so we presume
and build on that excellence here. Forefront research and education must be primary
goals of UW–Madison, because both are necessary for the Wisconsin Idea to succeed.
1. Aligned and sustained public work
Criterion 2d
Criterion 5
Recommendation 1.1: Develop and implement interdisciplinary systems that enable
aligned and sustained engagement of the university with public opportunities and
challenges.
UW–Madison is a highly decentralized organization that has been very effective in
fostering the success of the individual researcher, typically with external funding that
requires flexibility in order to follow the time-varying goals of funding agencies. We are
proud of our successes with this model, and rightly so. The challenge to the university
is how to develop aligned and sustained effort without losing the strength of individual
creativity and commitment, how to develop alignment across organizational structures,
and how to maintain flexibility in response to advancing research and changing issues.
The answer to this challenge will require a campuswide intellectual, communal, and
administrative effort to invent new approaches that enable interdisciplinary coherence
and sustained engagement in public initiatives. We suggest that these “systems” will
need to:
• foster systemic engagement with public issues
• p
romote intellectual excellence and forefront scholarship through public engagement
• integrate seamlessly with public partnerships
• reward public engagement
• facilitate cross-disciplinary research and communication
• link existing funding and personnel and create permeable boundaries for their
flow across the university
• a
ssign clear leadership and responsibility for engagement at all levels of the
administration and shared governance, from faculty and staff to the chancellor
• apply the assessment capability of the university to measuring impact
• provide adequate management and administrative support to permit success
• be flexible to evolving research and public issues
In the course of our investigations, we heard numerous requests for this recommendation from leaders of public initiatives trying to develop coherent and sustained initiatives on their own. One such call came from Drs. John Frey and Patrick Remington of
the School of Medicine and Public Health (SMPH, whose recent name change signals
a medical school committed to engaging with the pressing health needs of the state).
They described a transformation in public health and health care underway in the
SMPH, and across the nation, derived from frustration with the health care system’s
almost exclusive focus on taking care of people who could have been kept from being
sick in the first place and with seeing astronomical increases in health care cost. Drs. Frey
and Remington articulated a vision for state health care that integrates the UW health
sciences with social work, with law (crime and poor health care being related), with
UW Extension for statewide connectivity, with political science and policy, with sociology and economics research, with environmental sciences, with basic sciences that
can promote scientific thinking about health care, with humanities and art that link to
the human consequences of health and disease, and with industrial engineering studies
of health care systems.
Public University
We heard about the Community-Academic Partnerships of the new Institute for Clinical
and Translational Research, the Wisconsin Research and Education Network, the
Evidence-based Health Policy Project advising state government, the Health Extension
Program, and the regional research councils, all of which are existing structures for statewide connection and impact. Given the priority of health care issues for the people of
Wisconsin, the university has both a foundation and opportunity for campuswide coherence and sustainable public work. We urge the university to grab this opportunity.
Criterion 4b
Recommendation 1.2: Develop a funding and resource model that promotes
aligned, sustained engagement on timelines appropriate to the goals.
The university is extraordinarily skilled at obtaining external funding, especially from
federal agencies. In 2007 the external funding of UW–Madison was second in the nation,
and we are one of only two universities to have been in the top five nationally for each of
the past five years. These are exceptional accomplishments of which we are deservedly
proud, and which we will continue. However, the timescales of government funding are
often not commensurate with progress on significant public issues, and in the case of
federal funding, the challenges of the Wisconsin public specifically.
Criterion 2b, d
Aligned and sustained collaborations across the university and the public will require
revised and new funding models. Within the context of university-public partnerships,
funding and resources need not come solely or directly to the university. Indeed, communities, broadly defined, may succeed in developing substantial funding to support
collaborative work through channels not available to the university. Similarly, we must
recognize the collaborative role of the private sector in these partnerships. To be clear,
we do not recommend that the university “do more with less.” Rather we recommend
a funding model for public work that recognizes that the university need not “do it all,”
and instead provides for the application of the university’s specific strengths within a
larger partnership.
We are also confident that initiatives to address major public issues will attract major
private and public funding. In the spirit of alignment rather than prescription, we suggest
that such funding be used to promote the broadest engagement of the university with the
public. As one of many ideas, a new program matching external funding that addresses
identified key public issues within a coherent framework will foster the creativity for which
UW–Madison is famous while focusing attention on specific public issues.
Of course, the cooperative-extension model embodies the idea of a long-term universitycommunity funding collaboration. An evaluation of the cooperative-extension model is
needed. UW–Madison should not take lightly the existence of an infrastructure that
already places personnel in every county of the state, and that maintains high recognition among the public. At the same time, the array of public issues has changed substantially since the Extension model was created. Whether this model remains the right
foundation, with adaptation, for current public work must be considered carefully.
Recommendation 1.3: Develop a broad, inclusive understanding of the role of the
humanities and the arts within a coherent model of engagement with the public.
In no small part because we have become a university driven by external funding, the
visibility of the humanities and the arts has decreased relative to the sciences and engineering. This recommendation emphasizes the essential role played by the humanities
and arts in addressing the major challenges that we face. Here we do not mean humanities and arts outreach, as vital and valuable as that is. Rather, we mean the essential
intellectual contributions that humanistic viewpoints provide to answer great human
questions. The intellectual strength of UW–Madison humanities and arts must be an
integral part of the aligned and sustained engagement that we recommend.
At its best, the Wisconsin Idea aims to foster humanistic thinking. Such thinking gives
a sense of the richness of human culture, of the variety of human communities, and
fosters a willingness to critically engage with fellow human beings in the project of
improving the public welfare. This view of the Wisconsin Idea includes a deep and rich
understanding of the human cultures in which new knowledge is produced, and of the
ethical, political, and civic consequences of those discoveries.
Criterion 4b
281
282
Public University
To that end, the study of the humanities is a study of the domain in which new knowledge
is produced, and in which the consequences of those discoveries are debated. We believe
that it is through our commitment to humanistic thinking that the university will most
effectively address public issues by fostering a dedication to identifying and resolving the
human problems that keep individuals and communities from their full potential.
Criterion 5b
Recommendation 1.4: Focus university-wide attention on a select few of the foremost public opportunities and challenges in Wisconsin.
A great public research university must address great public challenges and goals. By our
nature, forefront intellectual problems are being worked on throughout the university,
and the impact of new knowledge on the public good is well proven over the ages.
Nonetheless, the opportunities and challenges in our world require intentionally aligned
and sustained application of many minds—within and beyond UW–Madison—to take
advantage of and solve. Some are of such a compelling nature that we believe they are
capable of providing a common focus for much of the university. Possible examples
include the revitalization of the Milwaukee metro region, statewide economic vitality
through biotechnology, an environmentally sustainable Wisconsin, the criminal justice
system broadly considered, improved health, and superb K–12 education.
This recommendation promotes a bold conception of aligning much of the university to
addressing a selected set of opportunities and challenges. In saying this we include every
member of the university community, and encourage those beyond UW–Madison to
join with us, and us with them. We also include every facet of university activity, from the
classrooms, to the laboratories, to the libraries, to the Wisconsin Union, to sabbaticals, to
internships, to theses, to visiting scholars. The conception is inherently interdisciplinary
and intergenerational, and above all else, public.
Anticipating concerns with this recommendation, we stress that we see participation in
such major initiatives as an opportunity for each member of the university community,
not as an obligation. At the same time, we envision a change of state, which we have
come to call the 90 percent model as compared to the 10 percent model. The latter,
common in many institutes across the campus and the nation, involves a group of
faculty, staff, and students—perhaps as much as 10 percent of the university—working
together within a separate organizational structure on a set of problems in or near to
their traditional disciplinary domains. In the 90 percent model (intentionally a provocative number), most of the faculty, staff, and students—as a community—seek to contribute to the solution of a compelling issue.
This recommendation is a stretch goal. We may well not achieve it, or indeed choose
to seek to achieve it. But to achieve it would truly mark a uniquely great public research
university.
2. Become partners with the public
Criterion 5a-d
Recommendation 2.1: Establish ongoing and mutual communication with the public.
This recommendation seeks closer and more frequent communication with the
people of the state in order to more clearly understand their goals and concerns, and
UW–Madison’s potential in helping to address them through collaborative research,
teaching, and other activities. We include here policy makers, civic leaders, and business
leaders (and especially in the Milwaukee metro region). While perhaps obvious, it is
important to acknowledge that coupling the intellectual capacity of the university with
the identified needs of the