AP Environmental Science - Hamilton Southeastern Schools

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AP Environmental Science Preparation Assignment
Welcome future APES students! This is an advanced science course that combines the disciplines of
biology, chemistry, geology and physics to investigate global environmental issues. We will discover
how the Earth’s systems function together and how humans have affected our planet. We will also
examine our personal consumption habits and learn ways to be responsible global citizens in the face
of serious environmental issues.
Because this is a college level course, you will be responsible for learning a large amount of material
on your own. I will help you as we go, but it will be your responsibility to take notes, study and learn
your vocabulary! We also work on the assumption that you have a general science background that
includes biology, chemistry and algebra. The purpose of this project is to help you prepare for the
APES content by getting organized, reviewing some background information, and getting familiar with
some of the basic concepts of environmental science and your own consumption habits.
General Guidelines:
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●
●
●
●
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Read the directions for each section carefully!
Each section should be clearly labeled.
Each section of the project must be fully completed, neat and typed when specified.
Each piece of the project should be bound together in some way.
All research/information needs to be appropriately cited using APA format. A quick google
search will help you with formatting.
All work is to be completed on your own. You may not work with other students to complete
this assignment.
The checklist, provided at the end of this packet, should be completed and attached to the
front of your work.
Section 1: Electronic Setup
In this course, we will be using technology extensively to help you learn basic content and
​
communicate as scientists in the 21st​
century. Complete each of the following tasks to ensure that you
are ready to begin on the first day of class!
1. Once we have our class accounts set up on Microsoft 365, and BlackBoard, you will find
information like class expectations and the class syllabus. Download a copy of this document
and read through carefully.
2. Email your teacher introducing yourself. Please tell your teacher the following information:
● Your name
● Any special hobbies or interests you have
● Why you have chosen to take AP Env. Science?
● Any concerns you have for next year
Teachers and their contact information below:
Steven Guenin
Bob Rice
Wafa’ Safi
s​
[email protected]
[email protected][email protected]
​
3. Register for the online textbook – This information will be on BlackBoard.
AP Environmental Science Preparation Assignment
4. Once you are in the course, spend a little time going over the format.
5. Read through chapter 1 in the online text and complete the end of chapter questions due
August 20th that accompanies this chapter.
6. Complete the checklist to turn in (found at the end of this packet).
Section 2: Chemistry Review
Chemistry is a big part of environmental science. It is highly recommended that you take chemistry
before registering for this course. In order to review some of the basic chemistry concepts you will
need complete the following on a clean sheet of paper. This may be typed or hand written.
1. For each of the following, write out the chemical name that goes with the symbol:
CO​
2
CO
C​
H​
O​
6​
12​
6
CH​
4
H​
2
N​
2
NO​
2
NO​
3
NH​
3
NH​
4
O​
2
O​
3
P
3PO​
4​
S
SO​
2
SO​
3
H​
SO​
2​
4
NaCl
Pb
U
Rn
Hg
Cl
H​
2O
​
Chemical
name
CO​
2
CO
NO
CH​
4
CFCs
PCBs
DDT
N​
2
H​
O
2​
NaCl
C​
6H
​​
12O
​​
6
is it naturally
occurring, man
made, or both
Impact, concern, and function of this chemical
(greenhouse gas, carcinogenic, mutagenic, common air
pollution, common water pollution, primary pollutant,
secondary pollutant, photosynthesis, etc etc)
AP Environmental Science Preparation Assignment
O​
3
Rn
P
VOCs
2. Write at least a paragraph that explains the following:
a. What is the pH scale? What does it measure?
b. How do the numbers on the pH scale compare? Example – is a pH of 4 twice as strong
as a pH of 2? Hint- the pH scale is not linear!
c. What are the average pH ratings of the following common substances in the
environment?
i. Blood
ii. Rain
iii. Freshwater (lake or river)
iv. Ocean water
Section 3: Math Review
The APES exam has a significant amount of math and ​
does not allow the use of calculators! ​
On the
AP exam you earn points for properly setting up the equation and then you can earn points for the
correct answer.​
In this class you need to show your setup and work!​
Most students find that with a
​
little practice, the math is not difficult, but as many of us have not had practice with setting up and
solving problems without a calculator in a long time, in the beginning it can be daunting.
AP Environmental Science Preparation Assignment
AP Environmental Science Preparation Assignment
Complete each of the following problems including a detailed set up with labeled units and proper
scientific notation. ​
NO CALCULATORS!​
You must show all work to get credit. ​
Solve 10 out of the 15
problems below.
o
All problems should be expressed in scientific notation (do not write out large
numbers with multiple zeros as place holders). If you need assistance with this, please
refer to the sample problems on our website.
1. What is ten million times three thousand?
2. What is thirty-four million plus two hundred fifty-six thousand times four hundred?
3. A population of deer had 200 individuals. If the population dropped 15% in one year, how
many deer were lost? What is the total population of deer the next year?
4. One year we had 120 APES students and the next year we had 150 APES students. What
percentage did the population of APES students grow by?
5. One year we had 2500 endangered sea turtles hatch. After one year there were only 1500.
What percentage of turtles died?
6. Electricity costs 6 cents per kilowatt hour. In one month one home uses one megawatt of
electricity. How much will the electric bill be? (be sure to look at the conversion chart for the
conversion factor from kilo to mega)
7. Your car gets 12 miles to the gallon and your friend’s car gets 20 miles to the gallon. You
decide to go on a road trip to Virginia Tech, which is 300 miles away. If gas costs $4 per gallon
and you decide to split the gas money, how much money will you save by driving your friend’s
car?
8. A turtle was crawling at the rate of 38 cm per minute. How many kilometers would the turtle
crawl in 2 hours?
9. A turtle was crawling at the rate of 43 cm per minute. How many kilometers would this turtle
crawl in one day (24 hours) if it did not rest and continued to crawl at a continuous pace?
10. There are 125 blades of grass in a square cm of lawn. Assuming the grass stand is even, how
many blades of grass would be found in a lawn measuring 8 meters by 6 meters? Use scientific
notation in your answer.
11. You purchase a home that is 2500 square feet of living space. How many square meters of
lving space is this?
12. If a calorie is equivalent to 4.184 joules, how many joules are contained in a 250 kilocalorie
slice of pizza?
13. A coal-fired electric power plant produces 12 million kilowatt-hours (kWh) of electricity each
day. Assume that an input of 10,000 BTUs of heat is required to produce an output of one
kilowatt-hour of electricity. Calculate the number of BTUs of heat needed to generate the
electricity produced by the power plant each day.
14. (Using the information in 13) Calculate the pounds of coal consumed by the power plant each
day assuming that one pound of coal yields 5,000 BTUs of heat.
15. If a city of 10,000 experiences 200 births, 60 deaths, 10 immigrants and 30 emigrants in the
course of a year, what is its net annual percentage growth rate? (By what percentage did the
population change?)
AP Environmental Science Preparation Assignment
Section 4: Environmental Legislation
Create a chart similar to the one on the next page and fill in the missing information pertaining to
important legislation. ​
Make sure this is typed so that you can add as many details as needed! ​
You
can change the formatting to fit your preferences (example – make it landscape if that’s easier for
you). We will study MANY different environmental policies throughout the year. This is just to get you
started.
Legislation
Name
Kyoto
Protocol
Montreal
Protocol
Agenda 21
London
Dumping
Conventio
n
Helsinki
Conventio
n
CITES
SMRCA
RCRA
Lacey Act
Clean
Water Act
Safe
Drinking
Water Act
Clean Air
Act
Antiquities
Act
Is this a
US or
World
Treaty,
Law or
Act?
Date
Enacte
d
(Year)
Description of the Legislation (Give the purpose,
important founding organizations or people, any major
points that you find)
AP Environmental Science Preparation Assignment
Endangere
d Species
Act
CERCLA
Section 5: Reading comprehension and evaluation
Throughout the year you will be asked to read, interpret, and report on various articles and
reports. Our goal is to combine your skills in English with science literacy. You will be required
to read various sources and then intelligently convey key points to your peers without
plagiarizing.
Go to the following link. You will read 3 articles written by various environmentalists. You will
need to write at least 4 paragraphs. You will need to write at least 1 paragraph for each author
explaining their point of view. You should also write a closing paragraph that expresses your
personal thoughts on the topic. You should state who you agree with the most and least.
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B3PIOnsbbeq6SUhSSko5elV4Szg/view?usp=sharing
Section 6: Key figures in history
Fill in the chart below about some key environmentalist (We will be talking about various
environmental scientists throughout the year)
Name
Garrett Hardin
Chief Seattle
Frederick Olmsted
Henry David
Thoreau
John James
Audubon
George Perkins
Marsh
Theodore
Roosevelt
Date of
birth/ Date
of death
Contributions to environmental science
AP Environmental Science Preparation Assignment
GIfford Pinchot
John Muir
Upton Sinclair
Aldo Leopold
Alice Hamilton
Wallace Stegner
Rachel Carson
Paul Ehrlich
Senator Gaylord
Nelson
Richard Nixon
Jimmy Carter
Ronald Reagan
George Bush Sr.
Bill Clinton
George W Bush
Ansel Adams
Al Gore
AP Environmental Science Preparation Assignment
Checklist:
Please place this completed checklist at the front of your assignment before you turn it in.
Name
____________________________________________________________________________
Section 1: Score ___________/20
•
•
•
•
•
•
I have been to the course website (may not be available till we get closer to school start).
I have read the course syllabus.
I have emailed my teacher.
I have registered for the online textbook and course.
I have read through chapter 1 of the online text.
I have completed the chapter 1 assignment.
Section 2: Score ____________/20
•
•
•
I have identified all of the chemical compounds and I am ready for a quiz.
I have written at least one paragraph about pH and I am ready to explain it to someone
else.
I have cited all of the sources I used to find my information.
Section 3: Score ____________/20
•
•
I have read through the math review material and understand how to solve these types of
problems.
I have completed all of the review problems and am ready to take a math quiz.
Section 4: Score ____________/20
•
•
•
I have researched and recorded information for all of the legislation listed.
I have cited all of the sources I used to find my information.
I have studied the legislation and am ready for a quiz.
Section 5: Score ____________/40
•
•
A paragraph explaining Black Elk’s point of view
A paragraph explaining Thoreau’s point of view
AP Environmental Science Preparation Assignment
•
•
A paragraph explaining Olmsted’s point of view
A paragraph expressing personal thought and reflection
Section 6: Score ____________/20
•
•
I have researched and recorded information for the entire environmentalist listed.
I have studied the environmentalist and am ready for a quiz.
This Assignment is due August 20th, when you enter the classroom. If you turn in the assignment
late, you will only earn a MAXIMUM of 50% (as this is the policy for all late work in APES).

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