CHEMISTRY 112 EXAM 4 May 7, 2014 FORM A

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CHEMISTRY 112 EXAM 4
May 7, 2014
FORM A
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------1. Balance the following reaction in acid solution.
H2O2 + Fe+2 → Fe+3 + H2O(liq)
What is the coefficient in front of water?
A.
1
B.
2
C.
3
D.
4
E.
5
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------2. Which of the following reactions will proceed spontaneously under standard conditions.
A.
i only
B.
ii only
C.
iii only
D.
i and iii
E.
ii and iii
i.
H2(g) + Ni2+(aq) → 2 H+(aq) + Ni(s)
ii.
2 Cr(s) + 3 Zn2+(aq) → 2 Cr3+(aq) + 3 Zn(s)
iii.
2 Ag+(aq) + Sn2+(aq) → 2 Ag(s)+ Sn4+(aq)
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------3. Quartz is the second most abundant mineral in the Earth's continental crust. It has a
molecular formula of SiO2. A solid of this compound would be classified as:
A.
Network covalent
B.
Metallic
C.
Atomic
D.
Ionic
E.
Molecular
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------4. Which of the following process results in a positive entropy change for the system?
A.
2 H2 (g) + O2 (g) → 2 H2O (g)
B.
NH4Cl (s) → NH3 (g) + HCl (g)
C.
2 Zn (s) + O2 (g) → 2 ZnO (s)
D.
2 CO (g) + O2 (g) → 2 CO2 (g)
E.
N2 (g) + 3 H2 (g) → 2 NH3 (g)
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------5. How many d electrons are in the chromium ion of [Cr(H2O)4Cl2]Cl?
A.
3
B.
4
C.
5
D.
6
E.
7
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------6. Which of the following complexes is colorless?
A.
[Cd(H2O)6]2+
B.
[Co(H2O)6]2+
C.
[V(H2O)6]2+
D.
[Fe(H2O)6]2+
E.
[Cu(H2O)4]2+
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------7. What is the likely nuclear decay process for 35S?
A.
α emission
B.
β emission
C.
positron emission
D.
electron capture
E.
none; this isotope will be stable
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------8. Consider the following reaction: A → 5 B
How is the average rate of
disappearance of A related to the average rate of appearance of B?
A.
Δ [ B]
⎛ Δ [ A]⎞
= 5⎜
⎝ Δt ⎟⎠
Δt
B.
Δ [ B] 1 ⎛ Δ [ A]⎞
= ⎜
Δt
5 ⎝ Δt ⎟⎠
C.
Δ [ B]
⎛ Δ [ A]⎞
= − 5⎜
⎝ Δt ⎟⎠
Δt
D.
Δ [ B]
1 ⎛ Δ [ A]⎞
=− ⎜
Δt
5 ⎝ Δt ⎟⎠
E.
Δ [ B] ⎛ Δ [ A]⎞
=⎜
⎝ Δt ⎟⎠
Δt
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------9. Three energy diagrams are shown below. They correspond to Al, C(diamond), and
GaAs, not necessarily in that order. Match each energy diagram to the correct
compound.
A.
DIAGRAM I
C (diamond)
DIAGRAM II
GaAs
DIAGRAM III
Al
B.
GaAs
C (diamond)
Al
C.
C (diamond)
Al
GaAs
D.
GaAs
Al
C (diamond)
E.
Al
GaAs
C (diamond)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------10. If you want to dope Si to make a p-type semiconductor, which element would you
choose?
A.
B
B.
P
C.
Ge
D.
Se
E.
Te
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------11. The unit cell shown below can be classified as:
A.
Primitive cubic
B.
Body-centered cubic
C.
Face-centered cubic
D.
Hexagonal close-packed
E.
None of the above
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------12. Which of the following can be considered an allotropic form of carbon?
i.
Diamond
ii.
Graphite
iii.
Buckyball
iv.
Graphene
A.
i only
B.
i and ii
C.
ii and iv
D.
i, ii, and iii
E.
all of the above
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------13. What is the pH of a 0.020 M solution of Ba(OH)2?
A.
1.7
B.
4.1
C.
7.0
D.
11.3
E.
12.6
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------14. As part of the process to purify Ni, carbon monoxide, CO, is used to form nickel
carbonyl, Ni(CO)4(g) as follows:
Ni(s) + 4 CO(g) D Ni(CO)4(g)
Using the values for ΔG°f below, determine the value for the equilibrium constant for the
reaction at 298 K.
Substance
ΔGof (kJ/mol)
A.
3.8 × 10−16
B.
0.83
C.
0.98
D.
5.0 × 106
E.
2.6 × 1015
CO
−137.3
Ni(CO)4
−587.4
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------15. What is the equilibrium constant for the following reaction at 25 °C? Note: the answer
you get for this is very sensitive to the values you use in the calculation.
Mg(s) + Zn2+(aq) D Mg2+(aq) + Zn(s)
A.
1.6 × 103
B.
6.2 × 1011
C.
4.5 × 1023
D.
1.4 × 1027
E.
2.3 × 1054
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------16. The section of polymer shown below corresponds to Kevlar, a very hard substance
used in bulletproof vests. This polymer is made via the condensation reaction between two
monomers. Which two of the following molecules are the monomers?
O
O
C
C
H
N
H
N
O
O
C
C
H
N
NH
O
O
NH2
II.
I.
HO
OH
H2N
O
IV.
III.
H2N
OH
OH
H2N
O
NH2
V.
O
VI.
H2N
OH
HO
A.
I and III
B.
I and IV
C.
V and VI
D.
I and VI
E.
III and IV
O
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------17. How many faradays (F ) of electricity are needed to plate 0.01 mole of Cr metal onto an
electrode when a current is passed though potassium dichromate K2Cr2O7(aq) solution?
A.
0.01 F
B.
0.06 F
C.
0.03 F
D.
0.15 F
E.
0.30 F
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------18. The pH of a 0.30 M solution of a weak base is 10.66. What is the Kb?
A.
1.5 × 10−3
B.
4.6 × 10−4
C.
9.6 × 10−10
D.
6.6 × 102
E.
7.0 × 10−7
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------19. What is the pH of the resulting solution when 25 mL of 0.10 M NaOH is added to 25 mL
of 0.25 M HNO3?
A.
1.12
B.
4.25
C.
7.00
D.
8.65
E.
12.88
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------20. Which octahedral transition metal complex would you expect to be diamagnetic? (Hint:
Cl– and H2O are weak field ligands, CN– and NH3 are strong field ligands.)
A.
[Co(H2O)6]2+
B.
[Fe(CN)6]3–
C.
[Fe(CN)6]4−
D.
[Mn(NH3)6]3+
E.
[MnCl6]3−
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------21. Which of the following aqueous solutions would have a pH BELOW 7.0?
i.
0.2 M HF
ii.
1.5 M CH3COONa
iii.
3.0 M NH4Br
iv.
0.5 M NH3
v.
0.85 M FeCl3
A.
i, iii, v
B.
ii, iv
C.
i, ii, iii
D.
i only
E.
none of them, they are all basic
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------22. At high temperature, nitrogen dioxide spontaneously decomposes to nitrogen
monoxide and oxygen.
2 NO2 (g) → 2 NO (g) + O2 (g)
The concentration of NO2 was monitored as a function of time and the following data was
obtained.
Slope = 0.543 M−1 sec−1
Intercept = 100
If the experiment was repeated with an initial NO2 concentration of 0.250 M at the same
temperature, how long would it take to decompose half of the NO2?
A.
0.202 sec
B.
0.566 sec
C.
1.72 sec
D.
7.37 sec
E.
9.31 sec
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------23. How much energy must be supplied to break a single copper-63 nucleus into
separated protons and neutrons if a copper-63 nucleus has a mass of 62.91367 amu?
A.
1.56 × 1016 J
B.
2.60 × 1011 J
C.
4.53 × 10‒8 J
D.
8.85 × 10‒11 J
E.
9.62 × 10‒10 J
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------24. An ancient Egyptian wooden artifact has a 14C activity of 15 counts/minute. Modern
wood has a 14C activity of 48 counts/minute. What is the age of the Egyptian artifact?
(The half-life for 14C is 5700 years.)
A.
1254 years
B.
3397 years
C.
3742 years
D.
6712 years
E.
9565 years
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------25. Calculate the crystal field splitting energy of [Co(SCN)4]2−, which has a maximum
absorbance of 530 nm.
A.
3.75 × 10−22 kJ/mol
B.
154 kJ/mol
C.
226 kJ/mol
D.
2.26 × 10−4 kJ/mol
E.
37.5 kJ/mol
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------26. Consider the species O2, O2−, and O22−. Which of these species will be paramagnetic?
A.
O2 and O2– only
B.
O2– and O22− only
C.
O2 and O22− only
D.
O2 only
E.
O2− only
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------27. Which one of the following reactions will have a formation constant (Kf) with the largest
value?
A.
[Ni(H2O)6]2+(aq) + 6 L(aq) → [Ni(L)6]2+(aq) + 6 H2O(liq), where L = NH3
B.
[Ni(H2O)6]2+(aq) + 6 L(aq) → [Ni(L)6]2+(aq) + 6 H2O(liq), where L = CH3CH2NH2
C.
[Ni(H2O)6]2+(aq) + 3 L(aq) → [Ni(L)3]2+(aq) + 6 H2O(liq), where L = NH2CH2CH2NH2
D.
[Ni(H2O)6]2+(aq) + 3 L(aq) → [Ni(L)3]2+(aq) + 6 H2O(liq), where L = NH2CH2CH2CH2NH2
E.
[Ni(H2O)6]2+(aq) + 2 L(aq) → [Ni(L)2]2+(aq) + 6 H2O(liq), where L = NH2CH2CH2NHCH2CH2NH2
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------28. Consider the following equilibria:
H3AsO4 D H2AsO4− + H+ (Ka1)
H2AsO4− D HAsO42− + H+ (Ka2)
HAsO42− D AsO43− + H+ (Ka3)
What would happen if 5 drops of concentrated HCl are added to this system?
A.
i only
B.
ii only
C.
iii only
D.
i and ii
E.
i and iii
i.
Ka1 would increase
ii.
[AsO43−] would decrease
iii.
[H3AsO4] would decrease
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------29. According to molecular orbital theory, what is the bond order in the NO+ ion? (Use MO
diagram for small 2s-2p interaction)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
1
1.5
2
2.5
3
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------30. The [Cr(H2O)6]2+ ion has an absorption maximum at about 630 nm. Which of the
following complexes absorbs higher energy photons?
A.
i
B.
ii
C.
iii
D.
i and ii
E.
ii and iii
i.
green [Ni(H2O)6]2+
ii.
orange [Co(NH3)6]3+
iii.
red [Fe(NCS)6]3+
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------31. The color and wavelength of light emitted from various LEDs are given below. Which
one has the largest band gap?
A.
LED composition
ZnSe
Color
blue
Wavelength
500 nm
B.
AlGaAs
red
630 nm
C.
GaAsP
orange
610 nm
D.
GaP
yellow
590 nm
E.
InGaN
green
565 nm
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------32. Put these in order of increasing solubility in water.
A.
i < iii < ii
B.
iii < i < ii
C.
ii < i < iii
D.
iii < ii < i
E.
i < ii < iii
i.
Fe(OH)2
Ksp = 7.9 × 10−16
ii.
CoCO3
Ksp = 1.0 × 10−10
iii.
Ag2CrO4
Ksp = 1.2 × 10−12
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------33. What is the concentration of Fe3+ ions in a saturated solution of Fe(OH)3 at a pOH of 9?
Ksp of Fe(OH)3 is 1.1 × 10−36
A.
1.1 × 10−9 M
B.
4.5 × 10−10 M
C.
4.1 × 10−11 M
D.
1.1 × 10−21 M
E.
3.0 × 10−26 M
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------34. What is the concentration of [Cd2+ (aq)] in a solution made by dissolving 0.01 mole of
Cd(NO3)2 in 500 mL of a solution of KCN that is 0.45 M at equilibrium? Kf of [Cd(CN)4]2−
is 3.0 × 1018
A.
1.6 × 10−19 M
B.
3.3 × 10−19 M
C.
3.0 × 10−21 M
D.
7.2 × 10−21 M
E.
6.1 × 1018 M
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------35. 50.0 mL of 0.50 M NaOH is added to a 250 mL buffer solution containing 0.30 M NH3
and 0.36 M NH4Cl. What is the pH of the solution after the addition of the base?
Kb of NH3 = 1.8 × 10−5
A.
7.26
B.
8.56
C.
9.44
D.
10.08
E.
12.23
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------36. Calculate the pH at the equivalence point when 50.0 mL of 0.10 M methylamine
(CH3NH2) is titrated with a 0.20 M HCl solution. Kb of CH3NH2 = 4.4 × 10−4.
A.
4.19
B.
5.91
C.
7.00
D.
8.09
E.
11.81
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------37. A slightly bruised apple will rot extensively in 4 days at room temperature (20°C). If it is
kept in a refrigerator at 0°C it takes 16 days for the apple to rot to the same extent.
What is the activation energy for the reaction that causes rotting?
A.
2.88 kJ/mol
B.
20.0 kJ/mol
C.
37.5 kJ/mol
D.
46.1 kJ/mol
E.
133 kJ/mol
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------38. The reaction of hydrogen bromide with oxygen proceeds as follows:
4 HBr(g) + O2(g) → 2 H2O(g) + 2 Br2(g)
A possible mechanism for the reaction is:
HBr(g) + O2(g) D HOOBr(g)
step 1
HOOBr(g) + HBr(g) → 2HOBr(g)
step 2
HOBr(g) + HBr(g) → H2O(g) + Br2(g)
step 3
If the experimentally observed rate law is rate = k [HBr]2[O2], then
A.
step one is rate-determining
B.
step two is rate-determining
C.
step three is rate-determining
D.
the overall reaction is second-order
E.
the overall reaction is first-order
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------39. For the following voltaic cell, which of the following statements is incorrect?
A.
ΔG < 0.
B.
The Cu(s) electrode is the cathode.
C.
Na+ ions migrate from the salt bridge to the Cu half-cell compartment.
D.
Electrons flow towards the Cu electrode.
E.
Ecell is 0.636 V.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------40. In the electrolysis of an aqueous solution containing 1M FeCl3 and 1M CuBr2, what is
the initial product formed at the anode?
A.
Br2 (aq)
B.
Cu (s)
C.
Cu2+ (aq)
D.
Fe (s)
E.
Cl2 (g)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
End of Exam

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