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CA ERwin® Data Modeler
Workgroup Edition
Workgroup Edition Implementation
and Administration Guide
Release 9.6.0
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Copyright © 2015 CA. All rights reserved. All trademarks, trade names, service marks, and logos referenced herein belong to
their respective companies.
CA Technologies Product References
This document references the following CA Technologies products:
■
CA ERwin® Data Modeler Workgroup Edition (CA ERwin DM WE)
■
CA ERwin® Data Modeler Standard Edition (CA ERwin DM)
■
CA ERwin® Data Modeler Navigator Edition (CA ERwin DM NE)
Contact CA Technologies
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For your convenience, CA Technologies provides easy access to "One Stop" support for
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■
Online and telephone contact information for technical assistance and customer
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■
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■
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■
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■
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demos and read up on customer success stories and articles by industry experts.
Documentation Changes
The following updates have been made since the lastest release (r9.5) of this document:
Review the Prerequisites for a Sybase Mart (see page 95): This topic has been updated
to include the new database that is supported in this release.
Select Upgrade Options (see page 135): This topic has been updated to include the new
option that is added to the Upgrade Options dialog.
This guide replaces the following guides that were available in the previous versions:
■
Workgroup Edition Implementation Guide
■
Workgroup Edition Administration Guide
The information in the two guides are merged to create this guide.
Contents
Chapter 1: Modeling in the Multiuser Environment
13
CA ERwin Data Modeler Workgroup Edition .............................................................................................................. 13
Model Life Cycle Frameworks .................................................................................................................................... 14
Model-Driven Development Framework ............................................................................................................ 15
System-Driven Model Framework ...................................................................................................................... 15
Informational Model Framework ........................................................................................................................ 16
Chapter 2: Install and Configure an Oracle Mart
17
How to Install and Configure an Oracle Mart............................................................................................................. 18
Mart Architecture ............................................................................................................................................... 20
Install a Mart or Upgrade a Mart? ...................................................................................................................... 21
Review the Prerequisites for an Oracle Mart ...................................................................................................... 22
Create the Mart Database and Perform the Additional Tasks ............................................................................ 25
Install CA ERwin Mart Server .............................................................................................................................. 29
Use Mart Server as a Windows Service ............................................................................................................... 33
Initialize an Oracle Mart ...................................................................................................................................... 34
Log In to CA ERwin Mart Administrator and Configure Settings ......................................................................... 36
Use a Pluggable Database ................................................................................................................................... 37
How to Upgrade any r9 Series Mart to the Current Version ...................................................................................... 40
Review the Prerequisites .................................................................................................................................... 41
Upgrade the Mart Server .................................................................................................................................... 42
Configure the Mart Server .................................................................................................................................. 42
Restart the Mart Server Service .......................................................................................................................... 45
Log In to CA ERwin Mart Administrator .............................................................................................................. 46
Change the Mart Database Server ............................................................................................................................. 47
Troubleshooting ......................................................................................................................................................... 47
Port out of range ................................................................................................................................................. 48
Call failed on the server ...................................................................................................................................... 48
Application Internal Error ................................................................................................................................... 49
ORA-12514 TNS listener does not currently know of service requested in connect descriptor ......................... 49
Mart already exists. Specify another database name ......................................................................................... 50
Initialize page is not loading in Internet Explorer ............................................................................................... 50
The Tomcat server is not starting properly. The Configure button is disabled. .................................................. 51
A connection with the server could not be established...................................................................................... 51
The server name or address could not be resolved ............................................................................................ 51
Invalid user ID or password ................................................................................................................................. 52
Contents 7
Error 12029 ......................................................................................................................................................... 52
Unable to load the web page from my web browser ......................................................................................... 52
Test connection failed ......................................................................................................................................... 53
Internet Explorer Redirects to a Different Link ................................................................................................... 55
I have a very long Windows user name and I cannot log in to the Mart through CA ERwin Data
Modeler............................................................................................................................................................... 56
Chapter 3: Install and Configure a SQL Server Mart
57
How to Install and Configure a SQL Server Mart ........................................................................................................ 58
Mart Architecture ............................................................................................................................................... 60
Install a Mart or Upgrade a Mart? ...................................................................................................................... 61
Review the Prerequisites for a SQL Server Mart ................................................................................................. 62
Create a SQL Server Database ............................................................................................................................. 65
Install CA ERwin Mart Server .............................................................................................................................. 66
Use Mart Server as a Windows Service ............................................................................................................... 71
Initialize a SQL Server Mart ................................................................................................................................. 72
Log In to CA ERwin Mart Administrator and Configure Settings ......................................................................... 73
How to Upgrade any r9 Series Mart to the Current Version ...................................................................................... 74
Review the Prerequisites .................................................................................................................................... 75
Upgrade the Mart Server .................................................................................................................................... 76
Configure the Mart Server .................................................................................................................................. 76
Restart the Mart Server Service .......................................................................................................................... 79
Log In to CA ERwin Mart Administrator .............................................................................................................. 80
Change the Mart Database Server ............................................................................................................................. 81
Troubleshooting ......................................................................................................................................................... 81
Port out of range ................................................................................................................................................. 82
Call failed on the server ...................................................................................................................................... 82
Application Internal Error ................................................................................................................................... 83
Mart already exists. Specify another database name ......................................................................................... 83
Initialize page is not loading in Internet Explorer ............................................................................................... 84
The Tomcat server is not starting properly. The Configure button is disabled. .................................................. 84
A connection with the server could not be established...................................................................................... 85
The server name or address could not be resolved ............................................................................................ 85
Invalid user ID or password ................................................................................................................................. 85
Error 12029 ......................................................................................................................................................... 86
Unable to load the web page from my web browser ......................................................................................... 86
Test connection failed ......................................................................................................................................... 86
Internet Explorer Redirects to a Different Link ................................................................................................... 88
Chinese characters are replaced with question marks ....................................................................................... 88
I have a very long Windows user name and I cannot log in to the Mart through CA ERwin Data
Modeler............................................................................................................................................................... 89
8 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
Chapter 4: Install and Configure a Sybase Mart
91
How to Install and Configure a Sybase Mart .............................................................................................................. 91
Mart Architecture ............................................................................................................................................... 93
Install a Mart or Upgrade a Mart? ...................................................................................................................... 95
Review the Prerequisites for a Sybase Mart ....................................................................................................... 95
Create a Sybase Database ................................................................................................................................... 98
Install CA ERwin Mart Server ............................................................................................................................ 100
Use Mart Server as a Windows Service ............................................................................................................. 104
Initialize a Sybase Mart ..................................................................................................................................... 105
Log In to CA ERwin Mart Administrator and Configure Settings ....................................................................... 106
How to Upgrade any r9 Series Mart to the Current Version .................................................................................... 107
Review the Prerequisites .................................................................................................................................. 108
Upgrade the Mart Server .................................................................................................................................. 109
Configure the Mart Server ................................................................................................................................ 109
Restart the Mart Server Service ........................................................................................................................ 112
Log In to CA ERwin Mart Administrator ............................................................................................................ 113
Change the Mart Database Server ........................................................................................................................... 114
Troubleshooting ....................................................................................................................................................... 114
Port out of range ............................................................................................................................................... 115
Call failed on the server .................................................................................................................................... 115
Application Internal Error ................................................................................................................................. 116
ORA-12514 TNS listener does not currently know of service requested in connect descriptor ....................... 116
Mart already exists. Specify another database name ....................................................................................... 117
Initialize page is not loading in Internet Explorer ............................................................................................. 117
The Tomcat server is not starting properly. The Configure button is disabled. ................................................ 118
A connection with the server could not be established.................................................................................... 118
The server name or address could not be resolved .......................................................................................... 118
Invalid user ID or password ............................................................................................................................... 119
Error 12029 ....................................................................................................................................................... 119
Unable to load the web page from my web browser ....................................................................................... 119
Test connection failed ....................................................................................................................................... 120
Internet Explorer Redirects to a Different Link ................................................................................................. 122
I have a very long Windows user name and I cannot log in to the Mart through CA ERwin Data
Modeler............................................................................................................................................................. 123
Chapter 5: Prepare to Use IIS with Mart
123
Configure IIS Web Server ......................................................................................................................................... 124
Implement SSL for IIS ............................................................................................................................................... 126
Contents 9
Chapter 6: How to Upgrade Mart Models
126
Review the Prerequisites.......................................................................................................................................... 128
Paper Size Considerations When You Upgrade to This Release........................................................................ 130
Select the Working Directory ................................................................................................................................... 130
Enter the Source Mart Details .................................................................................................................................. 131
Enter the Destination Mart Details .......................................................................................................................... 132
Select the Data to Upgrade ...................................................................................................................................... 133
Select Upgrade Options............................................................................................................................................ 135
Select Models ........................................................................................................................................................... 137
Upgrade Models with NSM or DSM Files .......................................................................................................... 138
View the Upgrade Status .......................................................................................................................................... 139
Log Files .................................................................................................................................................................... 140
Troubleshooting ....................................................................................................................................................... 140
Test Connection Failed--Source Mart ............................................................................................................... 140
Your License does not Permit Connection to this Mart .................................................................................... 141
Test Connection Failed--Destination Mart ........................................................................................................ 142
Unable to Select Upgrade Models Check Box ................................................................................................... 142
mmgr_ig--Object Count Shrinks and then Grows Again After Upgrading from Release 7 (r9.6) ...................... 142
mmgr_ig--Status Window or Log Files Report Failures to Save Models (r9.6).................................................. 143
Chapter 7: Administer Mart
145
Adding a User ........................................................................................................................................................... 146
Add a User ......................................................................................................................................................... 147
Verify if an Existing Profile Suits the User ......................................................................................................... 148
Create a Profile.................................................................................................................................................. 156
Verify if the Required Library Exists .................................................................................................................. 157
Create a Library ................................................................................................................................................. 157
Assign Permissions to a User............................................................................................................................. 158
Examples ........................................................................................................................................................... 159
Sessions .................................................................................................................................................................... 160
Terminate Inactive or Closed Sessions .............................................................................................................. 160
Delete Mart .............................................................................................................................................................. 161
Catalog Management ............................................................................................................................................... 161
Library Structure Planning................................................................................................................................. 161
Library Structure Organization .......................................................................................................................... 162
Library Security Levels ....................................................................................................................................... 162
Library Structure Considerations ...................................................................................................................... 163
Manage Catalogs ............................................................................................................................................... 164
10 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
Appendix A: CA ERwin Data Modeler Workgroup Edition
Performance
169
Optimize the Performance ....................................................................................................................................... 169
Reindex the Database .............................................................................................................................................. 170
Run the Oracle DBMS Reindex Script ................................................................................................................ 171
Example: Microsoft SQL Server DBMS Reindex Script ...................................................................................... 173
Troubleshooting the Reindexing Script ............................................................................................................. 175
Run the Database Statistics ...................................................................................................................................... 175
Chapter 8: Workgroup Modeling Reports
175
Generate a Global Report ........................................................................................................................................ 180
Generate a Model Validation Report ....................................................................................................................... 182
Generate a Diagram Report ..................................................................................................................................... 184
Generate a Model Lock Report ................................................................................................................................ 185
Generate a Report on Model Contents by Class ...................................................................................................... 186
The Report Viewer ................................................................................................................................................... 187
Chapter 9: Generate the Current Diagram Picture
188
Appendix B: Changing Application Name and Port Number
189
How to Change the Mart Server Application Name and Port Number .................................................................... 189
Appendix C: Microsoft SQL Server and Sybase Tuning
Recommendations
191
Physical Tuning Parameters ..................................................................................................................................... 191
Database Placement ......................................................................................................................................... 191
Data Redundancy .............................................................................................................................................. 191
Server-Level Tuning Parameters .............................................................................................................................. 192
Named Cache Configuration .................................................................................................................................... 192
Database Tuning Parameters ................................................................................................................................... 193
Transaction Log ................................................................................................................................................. 193
Threshold Procedures ....................................................................................................................................... 193
"trunc. log on chkpt" Option ............................................................................................................................. 194
Database and Log Sizing ........................................................................................................................................... 194
How to Maintain an Efficient Database ................................................................................................................... 195
DBCC Commands............................................................................................................................................... 196
Contents 11
Appendix D: Oracle Tuning Recommendations
197
Recommended Disk Configurations ......................................................................................................................... 197
Database Configuration............................................................................................................................................ 198
Maximum Number of Processes ....................................................................................................................... 198
Shared Pool ....................................................................................................................................................... 198
Buffer Cache ...................................................................................................................................................... 199
Redo Log Files.................................................................................................................................................... 199
Increase Space in Redo Logs ............................................................................................................................. 200
Redo Log Buffer ................................................................................................................................................. 202
Checkpoints ....................................................................................................................................................... 203
Storage Parameters .................................................................................................................................................. 203
Rollback Segments ............................................................................................................................................ 204
Set Optimal Configuration for the Rollback Logs .............................................................................................. 205
Tablespaces ....................................................................................................................................................... 207
Appendix E: Sample Files
209
Sample workers.properties File ............................................................................................................................... 210
Sample isapi_redirect.properties File ...................................................................................................................... 211
Sample isapi_redirect.reg File .................................................................................................................................. 212
Sample uniworkers.properties File .......................................................................................................................... 212
Sample uriworkermap.properties File ..................................................................................................................... 213
12 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
Chapter 1: Modeling in the Multiuser
Environment
CA ERwin Data Modeler Workgroup Edition coordinates the development and
management of data models created with CA ERwin Data Modeler.
This section contains the following topics:
CA ERwin Data Modeler Workgroup Edition (see page 13)
Model Life Cycle Frameworks (see page 14)
CA ERwin Data Modeler Workgroup Edition
CA ERwin Data Modeler Workgroup Edition provides a multiuser modeling environment
that makes coordinated, large-scale modeling possible. It enables collaboration among
project managers, data modeling team members, and standards administrators by
providing workgroup modeling services, including conflict resolution, versioning,
security, and standards management. You can coordinate the efforts of model teams to
document existing systems, create new eBusiness systems, and drive data
standardization. Model sharing encourages teamwork, so modelers can work together
more efficiently to optimize model-based development. Your modelers get more work
done in less time with better results.
Workgroup modeling operates in a three-tier architecture, where CA ERwin Data
Modeler connects to Mart server through a web server. The models are held in a
database or Mart; you can use Microsoft SQL Server, Oracle, or Sybase as the host
database.
Chapter 1: Modeling in the Multiuser Environment 13
Model Life Cycle Frameworks
Workgroup modeling features are provided to help control updates to models when you
are opening, closing, and saving models. The administrator installs the program and
initializes the database on the DBMS server. The administrator also has the
responsibility of setting up the library structure in which models are organized, and
assigning security profiles to users. After a model is saved to the database, control of
who can work on the model and how changes are saved to the model is handled by
profiles, making it possible for workgroups to work on large models without confusion.
CA ERwin Data Modeler Workgroup Edition supports many security and administrative
features related to its multiuser capabilities. For this reason, routine management is
usually performed by a dedicated administrator. Administrators can find detailed
information regarding their tasks and responsibilities in the Administration Guide.
You can also use CA ERwin Data Modeler Navigator Edition with CA ERwin Data Modeler
Workgroup Edition. Read-only access is permitted to data models, so your workgroup
can use this to share information with others without the risk that unauthorized
changes might be saved to Mart.
Model Life Cycle Frameworks
Use one of the following model life cycle frameworks in your organization:
Model-Driven Development
Changes to the schema are made to the model first and then forward-engineered.
System-Driven Models
Changes are made directly to the schema and the schema is reverse-engineered
into the model to reflect the changes.
Informational Models
Contains logical-only models, enterprise-wide models, or standards and sample
models.
Each type of framework has different considerations that you must think about when
configuring your database and developing its supporting policies. You are not required
to choose a particular framework, however, it helps to know your development process
before building a library structure.
14 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
Model Life Cycle Frameworks
Model-Driven Development Framework
In the model-driven framework, the model is always the source of all changes. You
create a new database schema by forward engineering the model. The life cycle of a
model in the model-driven Development framework can follow a path like this:
■
Create the library structure (for example, Development, Test, and Production) and
populate them with CA ERwin Data Modeler templates.
■
Create the logical model in a development library.
■
Promote the model to the test library when it is ready.
■
Generate the schema from the test library.
■
Modify the test model as required and synchronize it to the schema.
■
Promote the model to the production library when it is ready.
■
Publish the refreshed production model.
■
Update the enterprise-wide model, if necessary.
■
Incorporate changes into the development model for further changes, and repeat
the process.
System-Driven Model Framework
In the system-driven framework, there is an established information system from which
you can reverse engineer database tables. The life cycle of a model in the system-driven
Development framework can follow a path as described below:
■
Create the library structure (for example, Reverse Eng, Test, Production). You do
not require CA ERwin Data Modeler templates because you do not create models
from scratch.
■
Reverse engineer the model from the information system into the designated
library.
■
Enhance the model with logical information and input from analysts.
■
Update the model to reflect changes in the physical schema.
■
Create a version of the model.
■
Synchronize the schema and the model using Complete Compare.
■
Publish the model.
■
Repeat the last three steps as the system is modified.
Chapter 1: Modeling in the Multiuser Environment 15
Model Life Cycle Frameworks
Informational Model Framework
In the Informational Model framework, CA ERwin Data Modeler Workgroup Edition
contains logical-only models, enterprise-wide models, or standards and sample models.
There is no forward engineering with the intent of using the schema. The life cycle of a
model in the Informational Model framework can follow a path as described below:
■
Create the library structure and populate them with templates.
■
Develop the initial model. Use reverse engineering and model new components as
required.
■
Publish the initial model to the appropriate parties for modification and refinement.
■
Get approval, and then version the model.
■
Publish the approved model.
■
Update and publish models as the enterprise model evolves.
16 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
Chapter 2: Install and Configure an
Oracle Mart
This section describes how you can install and configure a Mart on an Oracle database.
This section contains the following topics:
How to Install and Configure an Oracle Mart (see page 18)
How to Upgrade any r9 Series Mart to the Current Version (see page 40)
Change the Mart Database Server (see page 47)
Troubleshooting (see page 47)
Chapter 2: Install and Configure an Oracle Mart 17
How to Install and Configure an Oracle Mart
How to Install and Configure an Oracle Mart
In the previous versions, CA ERwin DM connected to the Mart database through the
database client software. Now, the application connects to the Mart database through a
web server. The database client software is no longer required.
The Mart comprises the following components:
Database
Stores the user data for the Workgroup Edition. You can use an Oracle 10g, 11g, or
12c database for the Mart database. If you are using Oracle 12c, you can use a
pluggable database. You must use a new database and not an existing database
that was created for an older version of the data modeling tool.
Applications
Includes a web-based component named CA ERwin Mart Administrator that helps
you manage the Mart through a web console.
Web server
Hosts CA ERwin Mart Administrator. You can use a web server of your choice. If you
have not installed a web server, use the ERwin Mart Server option and install
Tomcat.
18 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
How to Install and Configure an Oracle Mart
Complete the following steps in the same order to install and configure the Mart:
1.
Review the prerequisites of an Oracle Mart. (see page 22)
2.
Create the Mart Database and perform the additional tasks.
3.
Install CA ERwin Mart Server. (see page 66)
4.
Use MartServer as a Windows Service.
5.
Initialize an Oracle Mart. (see page 34)
6.
Log in to CA ERwin Mart Administrator and configure settings.
7.
Use a Pluggable Database (see page 38).
Complete the following steps to upgrade a Mart from any earlier release of r9 series to
the latest release:
1.
Review the Prerequisites (see page 41)
2.
Upgrade the Mart Server (see page 42)
3.
Configure the Mart Server (see page 42)
4.
Restart the Mart Server (see page 45)
Chapter 2: Install and Configure an Oracle Mart 19
How to Install and Configure an Oracle Mart
5.
Log In to CA ERwin Web Admin (see page 46)
Mart Architecture
In the previous versions, CA ERwin DM connected to the Mart database through the
database client software. Now, the application connects to the Mart database through a
web server. The database client software is no longer required. The web server includes
a web-based administration console—CA ERwin Mart Administrator. If you are using the
Workgroup Edition, you must install and configure CA ERwin Mart Administrator.
The Mart comprises the following components:
Database
Stores the user data for the Workgroup Edition. You can use an Oracle 10g, 11g, or
12c database for the Mart database. If you are using Oracle 12c, you can use a
pluggable database. You must use a new database and not an existing database
that was created for an older version of the data modeling tool.
Applications
Includes a web-based component named CA ERwin Mart Administrator that helps
you manage the Mart through a web console.
Web server
Hosts CA ERwin Mart Administrator. You can use a web server of your choice. If you
have not installed a web server, use the ERwin Mart Server option and install
Tomcat.
The following diagram shows the new architecture:
20 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
How to Install and Configure an Oracle Mart
The new architecture has the following benefits:
■
Separate logical and physical users: In the previous versions, Mart (or Model
Manager) users required database level privileges to access the Mart functionality.
The Mart database administrators added or deleted users in the Mart database.
This approach is changed now. The logical users are separated from physical users,
so Mart Administrators can create the Mart users without creating the
corresponding database users.
■
Authentication through Active Directory services: Earlier, if you wanted to provide
access to a user group, you added each user individually. Now, because of the new
architecture, you can use the Active Directory services and can provide access to
the group. Anyone who is part of the group gets access.
■
Mart administration outside CA ERwin Data Modeler: In the previous versions, Mart
Administrators used CA ERwin Data Modeler for administrative activities such as
managing permissions. This required non-modelers to know how to use CA ERwin
Data Modeler. In the new architecture, the administration component is built on a
separate layer on top of CA ERwin Data Modeler and is hosted on a web server.
Mart Administrators can access CA ERwin Web Admin from any computer and can
perform administrative activities through a web console.
Install a Mart or Upgrade a Mart?
Use the following guidelines to determine if you must install a Mart or upgrade a Mart:
■
If you are new to CA ERwin Data Modeler and have purchased the current version
of Workgroup Edition, then install the current version of the Mart. Use the How to
Install and Configure a Mart procedure that is appropriate for your Mart database.
■
If you have any earlier release of r9 series Mart, then upgrade the Mart to the
current version. Use the How to Upgrade any r9 Series Mart to the Current Version
procedure to upgrade your Mart. The models that are created in any earlier release
of r9 series are upgraded when a user connects to the current version Mart and
opens the models.
■
If you have an existing Mart and the version is r7.3 through r8.2.9, install the
current version Mart. Use the How to Install and Configure a Mart procedure that is
appropriate for your Mart database. After installing the Mart, use the Upgrade Mart
utility to upgrade the Mart models from r7.3 through r8.2.9 to the current version.
Chapter 2: Install and Configure an Oracle Mart 21
How to Install and Configure an Oracle Mart
Review the Prerequisites for an Oracle Mart
Before you install the Mart components, help ensure that the minimum system
requirements that are outlined in this topic are met.
You can use any of the following combinations to install CA ERwin Data Modeler, the
Mart database, and the MartServer application:
■
Install CA ERwin Data Modeler, the Mart database, and the MartServer application
on the same computer.
■
Install CA ERwin Data Modeler, the Mart database, and the MartServer application
on different computers.
■
Install CA ERwin Data Modeler and the Mart database on one computer, and install
the MartServer application on a different computer.
■
Install CA ERwin Data Modeler on one computer, and install the Mart database and
the MartServer application on a different computer.
Help ensure that you always install the MartServer application on the Windows
operating system.
System requirements for installing the MartServer application
Hardware requirements (based on physical hardware performance, not a virtual
environment):
■
2 GHZ or higher dual core processor
■
4 GB RAM (8 GB or more for large marts)
■
4 GB of disk space or more as required to support your specific mart
22 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
How to Install and Configure an Oracle Mart
Operating system:
■
Microsoft Windows Vista
■
Microsoft Windows Server 2008 SP2
■
Microsoft Windows Server 2003 SP2
■
Microsoft Windows 7
■
Microsoft Windows 8
■
Microsoft Windows 2012
■
Microsoft Windows XP SP3: As Microsoft has dropped support for Windows XP, CA
ERwin Data Modeler will no longer be tested for compatibility with that operating
environment. Should you encounter any problem(s) using CA ERwin Data Modeler
you should first verify that the problem(s) encountered are not related to an
unsupported operating environment before reporting the problem(s) to CA.
Note: CA ERwin Data Modeler is a 32-bit application and is fully compatible with
64-bit operating systems, except for the following known issues:
■
64-bit database drivers and clients will not work with the application. The
workaround is to use 32-bit database drivers and clients in the 64-bit operating
system environment.
■
Running the CA ERwin API in a 64-bit environment requires some changes to
the workstation registry. For more information about changing the registry, see
the CA ERwin Data Modeler WE Implementation and Administration Guide.
■
Microsoft .NET Framework 3.5
■
All current Microsoft Windows critical updates are applied
Database:
■
The Mart Server can use a standalone or can share an existing database server for
an Oracle 10g, 11g, or 12c database. If you are using Oracle 12c, you can use a
pluggable database.
■
To create the Mart, you must be the database schema owner user and you must
have the DBA role in the target database on the Oracle server. The DBA role is
required for the user who is specified in the Configure MartServer dialog. If the DBA
privilege of this user is revoked, then CA ERwin DM users will not be able to save
model changes to the Mart.
■
(Optional) You have modified the following parameters in the initialization file
(InitSID.ora):
Remote_OS_Authent=”T
OS_Authent_Prefix=TRUE
■
(Optional) To use the Korean language with the Mart database, use
KO16MSWIN949 or AL32UTF8 character set depending on your operating system
language pack. For more information, see the Oracle documentation.
Chapter 2: Install and Configure an Oracle Mart 23
How to Install and Configure an Oracle Mart
CA ERwin Mart Administrator web client:
■
■
Supported browsers:
–
Microsoft Internet Explorer 8® or newer
–
Mozilla Firefox® v.9.0 or newer
–
Google Chrome 14 or newer
–
Apple Safari 5 or newer
Adobe Flash plug-in version 8 or newer for the respective browser
Other requirements
Help ensure that the following additional requirements are met:
■
If you want to use Microsoft IIS as the web server, you have configured it.
■
The DBMS is installed and prepared for creating the Mart Database.
■
The Mart database is created. At least one user with administrator privileges is
present. You have run the initial queries on the Oracle database. For more
information about the initial queries, see the Implementation Guide.
■
If you want to add Windows Group users as Mart users, you have the Active
Directory Server details.
Note: You can add Windows Group users as normal Mart users, but not the Mart
administrator. A Mart administrator must be a database-authenticated user.
Important disclaimer notice on all requirements
1.
The requirements that are mentioned previously define the minimum requirements
which permit the application to run with reasonable performance based on a small
business use case scenario. The actual requirements for an enterprise-wide use
case based on larger models and configurations require significantly greater
resources to obtain acceptable performance.
2.
These requirements are based on actual physical hardware (no virtual environment)
and the following assumptions:
■
Minimal to no network overhead (both the database and application servers
are locally installed)
■
Vendor's default install of the current version of their software (with all current
service or fix packs)
■
No other applications sharing the defined hardware configuration (for example,
a “clean” machine)
Any other hardware/software configurations are acceptable as long as they provide
the same (or better) performance characteristics identified.
24 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
How to Install and Configure an Oracle Mart
Create the Mart Database and Perform the Additional Tasks
Perform the following setup tasks in your DBMS environment before you can install and
use the software:
1.
Install the DBMS on the server where you plan to store the Mart.
Help ensure that you can create tables, indexes, stored procedures, and public
synonyms. For more information about memory and disk space requirements, see
the system requirements for each DBMS (Microsoft SQL Server, Sybase, and
Oracle).
2.
Create a database that you want to use as the Mart. To use a pluggable database,
see the Use a Pluggable Database (see page 38) topic.
Use the DBMS features to create or identify the required storage objects and the
mart. The specific requirements vary depending on your DBMS type.
Note: To create, update, or delete a Mart in CA ERwin Data Modeler Workgroup Edition,
you must be the database schema owner and you must have the DBA role.
Additional Tasks
The DBA and the system administrator responsible for installing the software on an
Oracle database management system performs these tasks.
Use graphical tools or SQL *Plus (all versions), SQL*DBA, or the Oracle Enterprise
Management Console to perform these tasks. Some SQL commands are included where
appropriate. The Data file paths, data file sizes, role names, and user names are
included as examples only.
1.
Check the SYSTEM tablespace.
The installation creates several stored procedures. All triggers, stored procedures,
and packages are kept in the Oracle SYSTEM tablespace. The standard size of the
SYSTEM tablespace assumes that you are not using procedural options, so the
SYSTEM tablespace must be often expanded. If other Oracle applications are not
using procedural code, then expand the SYSTEM tablespace to 32 MB. If other
Oracle applications also use procedural code, expand the SYSTEM tablespace to at
least 32 MB.
2.
Check the Rollback Segment tablespace.
If your instance uses UNDO tablespace, do not create rollback segments.
Significant rollback space is required for installing and use. The rollback segments
must be in their own separate tablespace and each have at least 16 MB of available
space. There must be one rollback segment for every four concurrent users, with a
maximum of 50 rollback segments. The available space must scale upward with
increasing numbers of rollback segments. Finally, the rollback segment optimal
parameter must be set to control rollback segment growth and space consumption.
Note: For Steps 3, 4, and 5, use the Dictionary-managed tablespaces.
Chapter 2: Install and Configure an Oracle Mart 25
How to Install and Configure an Oracle Mart
3.
Create a data tablespace of at least 32 MB.
For example:
CREATE TABLESPACE MyMart
DATAFILE '/db01/oracle/rdbms9i/data/mymart.ora' SIZE 100M;
Or For Locally Managed extents:
CREATE TABLESPACE Mymart
DATAFILE '/db01/oracle/rdbms9i/data/mymart.ora' SIZE 100M
EXTENT MANAGEMENT LOCAL SEGMENT SPACE MANAGEMENT AUTO;
4.
Create an index tablespace of at least 32 MB.
For example:
CREATE TABLESPACE MMARTINDEX
DATAFILE '/db02/oracle/rdbms9i/data/mmartindex.ora' SIZE 75M;
Or For Locally Managed extents:
CREATE TABLESPACE MMARTINDEX
DATAFILE '/db02/oracle/rdbms9i/data/mmartindex.ora' SIZE 75M
EXTENT MANAGEMENT LOCAL SEGMENT SPACE MANAGEMENT AUTO;
5.
Create a temporary tablespace.
For example:
CREATE TEMPORARY TABLESPACE MMTEMP TEMPFILE
'/db03/oracle/rdbms9i/data/mmarttemp.ora' SIZE 50M;
Or For Locally Managed extents:
CREATE TEMPORARY TABLESPACE MMTEMP TEMPFILE
'/db03/oracle/rdbms9i/data/mmarttemp.ora' SIZE 50M
EXTENT MANAGEMENT LOCAL UNIFORM SIZE 1M;
Note: For more details about syntax and options regarding tablespace creation, see
the appropriate Oracle documentation.
26 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
How to Install and Configure an Oracle Mart
6.
Create an Oracle user with DBA privileges for use by the CA ERwin Data Modeler
Workgroup Edition Installer or designated schema owner.
Assign the data tablespace to this user as the default tablespace, and the temporary
tablespace as the temporary tablespace to the user.
For example:
CREATE USER STEVE IDENTIFIED BY STEVE
DEFAULT TABLESPACE MyMart
TEMPORARY TABLESPACE MMTEMP
QUOTA UNLIMITED ON MyMart
QUOTA UNLIMITED ON MMARTINDEX;
7.
Create the CA ERwin Data Modeler Workgroup Edition Installer role.
The following example is the role that the Oracle user requires to install CA ERwin
Data Modeler Workgroup Edition.
CREATE ROLE MMINSTALL;
8.
Grant the Oracle privileges to the Installer role.
The following example shows the Oracle privileges that the CA ERwin Data Modeler
Workgroup Edition Installer must install on Oracle. For the last command, log in as
sys with the sysdba role in the user-name or the command will fail.
grant create sequence to MMINSTALL;
grant create table to MMINSTALL;
grant create view to MMINSTALL;
grant drop public synonym to MMINSTALL;
grant create public synonym to MMINSTALL;
grant create procedure to MMINSTALL;
grant select on dba_data_files to MMINSTALL;
9.
Create the CA ERwin Data Modeler Workgroup Edition User role.
For example:
CREATE ROLE MMUSER;
When you select this role as the CA ERwin Data Modeler Workgroup Edition User
role during Step 4 of the installation procedure, the Setup program generates grant
statements. These statements grant the object level privileges to this role.
10. Grant the create session Oracle privilege to the User role.
For example:
grant create session to MMUSER;
Note: To use the database, an Oracle user needs only the create session privilege.
Chapter 2: Install and Configure an Oracle Mart 27
How to Install and Configure an Oracle Mart
11. Grant the CA ERwin Data Modeler Workgroup Edition User role to the Installer role.
For example:
grant MMUSER to MMINSTALL;
12. Select the CA ERwin Data Modeler Workgroup Edition tablespaces and User role.
When prompted for tablespace and role information, select the Workgroup Edition data
tablespace, the Workgroup Edition index tablespace, and the Workgroup Edition User
role (the role created in Step 9).
Oracle SQL Commands
If a graphical DBMS access tool is not available, you can use Oracle SQL commands
through SQL*DBA or SQL*Plus.
Example: Create a tablespace using the CREATE TABLESPACE command
CREATE TABLESPACE mm_data
/* The tablespace name. */
DATAFILE ‘C:\ORANT\DATABASE\mmdata.dat‘ᾉ/* The data file name. */
SIZE integer_value K or M or G
DEFAULT STORAGE (
/* The data file size */
/* The default storage parameters */
INITIAL integer_value K or M or G
/* The initial extent size */
NEXT integer_value K or M or G
/* The next extent size */
PCTINCREASE integer_value
/* The percent to grow extents */
MINEXTENTS integer_value
/* The minimum number of extents */
MAXEXTENTS integer_value
/* The maximum number of extents */
);
Example: Create an Oracle user using the CREATE USER command
CREATE USER mm_user_1
/* The user id name */
IDENIFIED BY password
/* The user password */
DEAFULT TABLESPACE tablespace_name
/* The user’s default tablespace */
TEMPORARY TABLESPACE tablespace_name
/* The user’s temporary tablespace */
QUOTA unlimited_or_integer_K_M_G ON tablespace_name /* The user’s quota on a
tablespace */
;
Example: Grant user privileges using the GRANT command
GRANT role_or_privilege_name
TO user_or_role
;
28 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
How to Install and Configure an Oracle Mart
Install CA ERwin Mart Server
The Mart Server and Mart Admin war files are deployed on a Web server. You can either
use an existing web server, or install the web server through the CA ERwin MartServer
r9.6 Installation Wizard. You must install CA ERwin Mart Server and configure it
regardless of whether you use Mart Server as a Windows service.
Note: Ensure that you have reviewed the Install a Mart or Upgrade a Mart topic before
proceeding.
Follow these steps:
1.
Do one of the following tasks:
■
Insert the installation DVD and select Mart Server Installation.
■
Download the CAEDMMS96.exe file from the online CA Technologies product
page and run it.
The CA ERwin MartServer r9.6 Installation Wizard appears.
2.
Go through the wizard steps to install CA ERwin Mart Server.
Depending on the options you select, CA ERwin Mart Server and/or Java Runtime
Environment (JRE) and Tomcat are installed.
Note: If Java (any version) is already available in the computer and the environment
variable JRE_HOME is set, the installer overwrites JRE_HOME with the new Java
path. The JRE version that is shipped with the installer is 1.8. If a Tomcat web server
is already installed in the computer and the environment variable CATALINA_HOME
is set, the installer replaces CATALINA_HOME with the new path.
3.
From the Windows Start menu, click All Programs, CA, ERwin, ERwin Mart Server
r9.6, Configure MartServer.
The CA ERwin Mart Configuration dialog appears.
Configure the CA ERwin Mart Server
1.
Complete the following fields in the Mart Server tab:
Database Type
Specifies the database server type.
Port No.
Specifies the port number of the database server.
Server Name
Specifies the name of the database server where you have installed the Mart
database. For example, suppose that you are using SQL Server 2008 as the
Mart database. Enter the name of the computer where SQL Server 2008 is
installed.
Chapter 2: Install and Configure an Oracle Mart 29
How to Install and Configure an Oracle Mart
Instance Name
Specifies the name of the database instance.
Database Name
Specifies the name of the Mart database.
Note: If you are installing the Mart for the first time, use a new database. Do not
use an existing database that was created for r7.3 through r8.2.9 Mart. If you are
upgrading the Mart from any earlier release of r9 series to the latest release, use
the corresponding Mart database.
User Name
Specifies the user name to connect to the Mart database. Enter the name of a
user that is authenticated by the Mart database.
Password
Specifies the password to connect to the Mart database.
Note: The following fields--Domain Controller Name, Domain/User Name, and
Password are required only if you are using the Active Directory authentication. You
can use the Active Directory authentication to initialize the Mart and to log in to CA
ERwin Mart Administrator.
Domain Controller Name
Specifies the fully qualified name of the Active Directory Server (Domain
Controller). Enter the name in the following format:
LDAP://server/distinguished-name
Example: ldap://mktgna:3268/dc=abc, dc=com
Here, mktgna is the server name. You can provide either the name of the
server or the IP address. 3268 is the port number to which the server listens.
dc=abc, dc=com is the distinguished-name. The distinguished name is the full
path of the object.
Note: If you do not know the Domain Controller Name, use the Nltest
command or talk to your System Administrator.
Domain/User Name
Specifies the domain name and user name in the <domain name>/<user name>
format.
Password
Specifies the password of the domain user.
30 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
How to Install and Configure an Oracle Mart
Configure CA ERwin Mart Administrator
1.
Enter the following information in the Mart Administrator tab:
Server Name
Specifies the name of the computer where the Web Server is present. For
example, if you are using Tomcat, enter the name of the computer where
Tomcat is installed.
Default: localhost
Port Number
Specifies the port number on which the Web Server is running.
Default: 18170
Application Name
Specifies the application name with which the Web Server is identified.
Default: MartServer
Transport Layer Security
Specifies if you want to connect to the Mart through a secured connection
(SSL). Select this check box if you have implemented SSL.
Hosting Server
Specifies that you want to use the IIS web server to connect to the Mart. Select
this check box only if you have configured IIS.
2.
Click Configure.
The CA ERwin Mart Administrator and the Mart Server are configured.
More information:
Configure IIS Web Server (see page 124)
Implement SSL for IIS (see page 126)
Chapter 2: Install and Configure an Oracle Mart 31
How to Install and Configure an Oracle Mart
Enable SSL for Tomcat
SSL enables you to access the Mart through a secured connection. You can enable SSL
for Tomcat--the default web server, regardless of whether you are installing the Mart
for the first time, or you are upgrading it from any earlier release of r9 series.
Follow these steps:
1.
If the Mart Server service is running, stop it. From the Windows Start menu, click All
Programs, CA, ERwin, ERwin Mart Server r9.6, Stop MartServer Service to stop the
web server.
2.
From the Windows Start menu, click All Programs, CA, ERwin, ERwin Mart Server
r9.6, Enable SSL for Tomcat Webserver.
SSL is enabled for Tomcat and a security certificate is created. You must install this
security certificate on all the computers from where you want to access the Mart.
3.
From the Windows Start menu, click All Programs, CA, ERwin, ERwin Mart Server
r9.6, Configure MartServer.
The CA ERwin Mart Configuration dialog appears.
4.
Go to the Mart Administrator tab and select the Transport Layer Security check box.
5.
From the Windows Start menu, click All Programs, CA, ERwin, ERwin Mart Server
r9.6, Start Mart Server Service.
6.
From the Windows Start menu, click All Programs, CA, ERwin, ERwin Mart Server
r9.6, CA ERwin Mart Administrator r9.6.
The CA ERwin Mart Administrator home page appears and displays HTTPS in the
address bar. If a certificate error appears, click Proceed Anyway to begin the
session.
Important! If you want to connect to an SSL enabled Mart through API or the Mart
Upgrade utility, you must first install the security certificate on the corresponding
computer. Install the certificate through the data modeling tool. If you do not install the
security certificate, the Mart Upgrade utility and the API will not be able to connect to
the SSL enabled Mart.
Disable SSL and Access the Mart Through a Normal Connection
You can disable SSL at any time and access the Mart through a normal connection.
Follow these steps:
1.
If the Mart Server Service is running, stop it. From the Windows Start menu, click All
Programs, CA, ERwin, ERwin Mart Server r9.6, Stop Mart Server Service.
2.
From the Windows Start menu, click All Programs, CA, ERwin, ERwin Mart Server
r9.6, Disable SSL.
3.
From the Windows Start menu, click All Programs, CA, ERwin, ERwin Mart Server
r9.6, Configure MartServer.
32 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
How to Install and Configure an Oracle Mart
The CA ERwin Mart Configuration dialog appears.
4.
Go to the Mart Administrator tab and clear the Transport Layer Security check box.
5.
From the Windows Start menu, click All Programs, CA, ERwin, ERwin Mart Server
r9.6, Start Mart Server Service.
6.
From the Windows Start menu, click All Programs, CA, ERwin, ERwin Mart Server
r9.6, CA ERwin Mart Administrator r9.6.
The CA ERwin Mart Administrator home page appears and displays HTTP in the
address bar.
Use Mart Server as a Windows Service
The current version of the Mart provides two ways to start the web server that hosts
Mart Server:
■
Start the web server manually.
■
Use a Windows service to start the web server.
For example, if you have used Tomcat as the web server to host Mart Server, you can
start Tomcat in two ways:
■
Start Tomcat through the startup.bat file or through a shortcut to this file.
■
Use a Windows service to start Tomcat.
The benefits of using a Windows service to start a web server are as follows:
■
Any user with administrative privileges on a computer can start the Windows
service, whereas, only designated users can start a web server manually.
■
A Windows service runs regardless of whether a user has logged in. A
manually-started web server shuts down when the user who started it logs out.
Follow these steps:
1.
From the Windows Start menu, click All Programs, CA, ERwin, ERwin Mart Server
r9.6, Create MartServer Service to create the MartServer Windows service.
Creating the service is a one-time task. After the service is created, you only have to
start and stop the service.
2.
From the Windows Start menu, click All Programs, CA, ERwin, ERwin Mart Server
r9.6, Start MartServer Service to start the web server.
Chapter 2: Install and Configure an Oracle Mart 33
How to Install and Configure an Oracle Mart
Initialize an Oracle Mart
When you access the Mart database through CA ERwin Mart Administrator for the first
time, you must initialize the database. You can initialize the database using a database
authenticated user or a Windows-authenticated user.
Note: Before you proceed, verify that you have installed a DBMS, created the Mart
database and run the initial queries. If the Mart is already initialized, the Login page
appears.
When you open CA ERwin Mart Administrator for the first time, the Initialize Mart web
page appears.
Follow these steps:
1.
If you are using MartServer as a Windows service, help ensure that the service is
started. If not, from the Windows Start menu, click All Programs, CA, ERwin, ERwin
Mart Server r9.6, Start Mart Server to start the Mart Server.
A Windows command prompt window appears and indicates when the server
starts.
2.
From the Windows Start menu, click All Programs, CA, ERwin, ERwin Mart Server
r9.6, CA ERwin Mart Administrator r9.6.
CA ERwin Mart Administrator opens in your default browser.
3.
Complete the following fields:
Username
Defines the user name with which you want to access the Mart. If you are using
a Windows-authenticated user, enter the name in the <domain name>/<user
name> format.
Password
Defines the password for the user name.
Confirm Password
Confirms the password that you entered in the previous field.
Email Address
Defines the email address for the user account that you are creating.
Mart Role
Defines the role of the user for the Mart.
34 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
How to Install and Configure an Oracle Mart
Table Tablespace
Defines the table tablespace in which the Mart tables are created.
Index Tablespace
Defines the index tablespace in which the Mart indexes are created.
4.
Click Initialize.
The user name is added as an administrator of Mart, Mart is initialized, and the
Login web page appears. Initializing is a one-time task. After Mart is initialized, the
user who initialized must log in first. Later, any other user who wants to use CA
ERwin Mart Administrator can log in.
Note: The user name that is entered here is an application level user and not a database
user. Remember the password that you have entered here, because without the
password you cannot log in to CA ERwin Mart Administrator for the first time.
Chapter 2: Install and Configure an Oracle Mart 35
How to Install and Configure an Oracle Mart
Log In to CA ERwin Mart Administrator and Configure Settings
After the Mart is initialized, the user who initialized must log in first. When you log in to
Mart for the first time, configure it per the requirements of your organization. You can
configure the following settings:
■
Default profile for the model creator
■
Use default password
■
Email notification
Follow these steps:
1.
From the Windows Start menu, click All Programs, CA, ERwin, ERwin Mart Server
r9.6, CA ERwin Mart Administrator r9.6.
The CA ERwin Mart Administrator home page appears. If you have implemented
SSL, HTTPS appears in the address bar.
2.
Use the credentials with which you initialized the Mart and log in.
3.
Click Settings.
4.
Complete the following fields:
Default profile for model creator
Specifies the profile that is assigned to a user on a model. This profile is
assigned whenever a user creates a model and saves it to Mart for the first
time. The user inherits the permissions of the default profile selected here on
the model that is saved. For example, suppose that User1 is assigned with
Modeler profile and the System Administrator selects Architect as the default
profile for model creator. If User1 creates Model1 and saves it to Mart, for
Model1, User1 inherits the permissions of Architect. Now, suppose that the
System Administrator selects Viewer as the default profile for model creator,
and suppose that User1 creates Model2 and saves it to Mart. For Model2,
User1 inherits the permissions of Viewer.
Use Default Password
Specifies the default password that you want to use for new users and for
resetting passwords, in the absence of an SMTP server for emails.
Note: Select this option only if you do not have an SMTP server that is configured
for emails.
SMTP host name
Specifies the name of the SMTP host. Enter the name in the mail.domain.com
format. Notification emails are sent from this server.
Port number
Specifies the port number of the SMTP server. The default port number is 25. If
your company is using an alternate port number for the mail server, specify
that port number.
36 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
How to Install and Configure an Oracle Mart
Authenticate
Specifies whether transactions with the SMTP server are authenticated. Select
the check box to authenticate.
User name
Specifies the user name to authenticate the SMTP server. Select the
Authenticate check box to enable authentication.
Password
Specifies the password to authenticate the SMTP server. Select the
Authenticate check box to enable authentication.
Administrator email
Specifies the email ID of the Mart administrator. Notifications to Mart users are
sent from this ID.
No-reply email from
Specifies the email ID from which administrative emails such as the password
reset email are sent.
5.
Click Save.
Mart options are configured.
You have installed and configured CA ERwin DM Mart.
Use a Pluggable Database
This information applies to Oracle 12c.
You can use the pluggable database concept of Oracle 12c and create multiple Marts of
the same Mart release in a single Oracle instance. For example, you can create two
pluggable databases erwin_test and erwin_production in an Oracle global database
erwin. You can configure these databases with the Mart Server one after the other and
connect to one of them at a time.
Follow these steps to use multiple pluggable databases:
1.
Create multiple pluggable databases, for example, erwin_test and
erwin_production.
2.
Install CA ERwin Mart Server for the first pluggable database, for example,
erwin_test.
3.
Initialize the Mart for the first pluggable database, erwin_test. For more
information on how to initialize the Mart, see the Initialize an Oracle Mart (see
page 34) topic.
4.
Log in to the Mart and create the models that you want to store in the test Mart.
Chapter 2: Install and Configure an Oracle Mart 37
How to Install and Configure an Oracle Mart
5.
To use the second pluggable database, follow these steps:
a.
Stop the Mart server or the Mart server service.
b.
Repeat Steps 1, 2, and 3 for the second pluggable database, erwin_production.
c.
Start the Mart server or the Mart server service.
d.
Log in to the Mart and create the models as required.
Create a Pluggable Database
You can use the pluggable database concept in Oracle 12c and create multiple Marts of
the same Mart release.
Follow these steps:
1.
Create a pluggable database in Oracle 12c.
For example, provide the Global Database Name as erwin and the Pluggable
Database Name as erwin_test.
Note: For more information on how to create a pluggable database, see the Oracle
documentation.
2.
Run the following script on the computer where Oracle 12c is installed:
DROP TABLESPACE MMDATA INCLUDING CONTENTS AND DATAFILES CASCADE CONSTRAINTS;
DROP TABLESPACE MMINDEX INCLUDING CONTENTS AND DATAFILES CASCADE CONSTRAINTS;
DROP TABLESPACE marttemp INCLUDING CONTENTS AND DATAFILES CASCADE CONSTRAINTS;
ALTER SESSION SET CONTAINER=erwin_test;
CREATE TABLESPACE MMDATA datafile 'c:\r9mart2\MMDATA.dbf' size 300m autoextend
on;
CREATE TABLESPACE MMINDEX datafile 'c:\r9mart2\MMINDEX.dbf' size 300m autoextend
on;
CREATE TEMPORARY TABLESPACE marttemp tempfile 'c:\r9mart2\tempdata.dbf' size
300m autoextend on;
38 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
How to Install and Configure an Oracle Mart
DROP USER MMADMIN CASCADE;
CREATE USER MMADMIN IDENTIFIED BY MMADMIN DEFAULT TABLESPACE MMDATA TEMPORARY
TABLESPACE MARTTEMP QUOTA UNLIMITED ON MMDATA QUOTA UNLIMITED ON MMINDEX;
DROP ROLE MMINSTALL;
CREATE ROLE MMINSTALL;
GRANT CREATE SEQUENCE TO MMINSTALL;
GRANT CREATE TABLE TO MMINSTALL;
GRANT CREATE VIEW TO MMINSTALL;
GRANT DROP PUBLIC SYNONYM TO MMINSTALL;
GRANT CREATE PUBLIC SYNONYM TO MMINSTALL;
GRANT CREATE PROCEDURE TO MMINSTALL;
DROP ROLE MMUSER;
CREATE ROLE MMUSER;
GRANT CREATE SESSION TO MMUSER;
GRANT MMUSER TO MMINSTALL;
GRANT MMINSTALL TO MMADMIN;
GRANT DBA TO MMADMIN;
Install CA ERwin Mart Server with a Pluggable Database
The procedure to install CA ERwin Mart Server for a pluggable database is same as the
procedure for a normal database. This topic describes only those fields that need
different values for a pluggable database. For more information on how to configure the
CA ERwin Mart Server, see the Install CA ERwin Mart Server (see page 29) topic.
Chapter 2: Install and Configure an Oracle Mart 39
How to Upgrade any r9 Series Mart to the Current Version
The following fields on the Configure the CA ERwin Mart Server dialog need different
values:
Server Name
Specifies the name of the database server where you have installed the Mart
database. Enter the name of the computer where Oracle 12c is installed and the
pluggable database erwin_test is created.
Database Name
Specifies the name of the pluggable Mart database. For example, erwin_test.
User Name
Specifies the user name to connect to the Mart database. Enter mmadmin or any
other user account that you have created when you ran the script.
Password
Specifies the password to connect to the Mart database. Enter mmadmin or any
other password that you have created when you ran the script.
How to Upgrade any r9 Series Mart to the Current
Version
If you are using any earlier release of r9 series and you want to upgrade it to the latest
release, upgrade the Mart Server and the Mart database. The Mart server program is
upgraded, so you must implement the upgraded software.
Important! The current Mart is designed to work with only the current version of CA
ERwin Data Modeler. If you try to connect the current Mart with an older version CA
ERwin Data Modeler such as r9.0.0, it may corrupt the Mart and cause unexpected
behavior.
40 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
How to Upgrade any r9 Series Mart to the Current Version
The following diagram illustrates how System Administrators can upgrade a Mart from
any earlier release of r9 series to the latest release:
Complete the following tasks to upgrade a Mart of any earlier release of r9 series to the
latest release:
1.
Review the prerequisites. (see page 41)
2.
Upgrade the Mart Server (see page 42).
3.
Configure the Mart Server (see page 42).
4.
Restart the Mart Server service. (see page 45)
5.
Log In to CA ERwin Web Admin (see page 46).
Review the Prerequisites
Review the following prerequisites before you start the upgrade process:
If the Mart database is an Oracle database, the default tablespaces that were used for
initializing the any earlier release of r9 series Mart are available for the latest release.
Chapter 2: Install and Configure an Oracle Mart 41
How to Upgrade any r9 Series Mart to the Current Version
Upgrade the Mart Server
If you are upgrading a Mart from any earlier release of r9 series to the latest release,
upgrade the Mart Server.
Note: See the Install a Mart or Upgrade a Mart topic before proceeding.
Follow these steps:
1.
If you are running MartServer as a Windows service, stop the service.
Note: If you upgrade the Mart Server without stopping the service, Mart Server
may not start after you complete the upgrade process.
2.
Download and run the CAEDMMS96.exe file from the CA Support site.
The CA ERwin Mart Server r9.6.0 Install Shield Wizard dialog appears.
3.
Follow the wizard.
The Mart Server is upgraded.
4.
Restart your computer.
Configure the Mart Server
To connect to the latest Mart, you must configure the Mart Server. Use the same
database that you have used for the r9.0.0 Mart (or any earlier release of r9 series
Mart).
Note: See the Upgrade Considerations topic before proceeding.
42 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
How to Upgrade any r9 Series Mart to the Current Version
Follow these steps:
1.
From the Windows Start menu, click All Programs, CA, ERwin, ERwin Mart Server
r9.6, Configure MartServer.
The CA ERwin Mart Configuration dialog appears.
Configure the CA ERwin Mart Server
1.
Complete the following fields in the Mart Server tab:
Database Type
Specifies the database server type.
Port No.
Specifies the port number of the database server.
Server Name
Specifies the name of the database server where you have installed the Mart
database. For example, suppose that you are using SQL Server 2008 as the
Mart database. Enter the name of the computer where SQL Server 2008 is
installed.
Instance Name
Specifies the name of the database instance.
Database Name
Specifies the name of the Mart database.
Note: If you are installing the Mart for the first time, use a new database. Do not
use an existing database that was created for r7.3 through r8.2.9 Mart. If you are
upgrading the Mart from any earlier release of r9 series to the latest release, use
the corresponding Mart database.
User Name
Specifies the user name to connect to the Mart database. Enter the name of a
user that is authenticated by the Mart database.
Chapter 2: Install and Configure an Oracle Mart 43
How to Upgrade any r9 Series Mart to the Current Version
Password
Specifies the password to connect to the Mart database.
Note: The following fields--Domain Controller Name, Domain/User Name, and
Password are required only if you are using the Active Directory authentication. You
can use the Active Directory authentication to initialize the Mart and to log in to CA
ERwin Mart Administrator.
Domain Controller Name
Specifies the fully qualified name of the Active Directory Server (Domain
Controller). Enter the name in the following format:
LDAP://server/distinguished-name
Example: ldap://mktgna:3268/dc=abc, dc=com
Here, mktgna is the server name. You can provide either the name of the
server or the IP address. 3268 is the port number to which the server listens.
dc=abc, dc=com is the distinguished-name. The distinguished name is the full
path of the object.
Note: If you do not know the Domain Controller Name, use the Nltest
command or talk to your System Administrator.
Domain/User Name
Specifies the domain name and user name in the <domain name>/<user name>
format.
Password
Specifies the password of the domain user.
Configure CA ERwin Mart Administrator
1.
Enter the following information in the Mart Administrator tab:
Server Name
Specifies the name of the computer where the Web Server is present. For
example, if you are using Tomcat, enter the name of the computer where
Tomcat is installed.
Default: localhost
Port Number
Specifies the port number on which the Web Server is running.
Default: 18170
44 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
How to Upgrade any r9 Series Mart to the Current Version
Application Name
Specifies the application name with which the Web Server is identified.
Default: MartServer
Transport Layer Security
Specifies if you want to connect to the Mart through a secured connection
(SSL). Select this check box if you have implemented SSL.
Hosting Server
Specifies that you want to use the IIS web server to connect to the Mart. Select
this check box only if you have configured IIS.
2.
Click Configure.
The CA ERwin Mart Administrator and the Mart Server are configured.
Restart the Mart Server Service
When you modify the details of the Mart Server and Mart Administration programs,
restart the Mart Server service.
Follow these steps:
1.
From the Windows Start menu, click All Programs, CA, ERwin, ERwin Mart Server
r9.6, Stop MartServer Service to stop the Mart Server service.
2.
From the Windows Start menu, click All Programs, CA, ERwin, ERwin Mart Server
r9.6, Start MartServer Service to start the Mart Server service.
Chapter 2: Install and Configure an Oracle Mart 45
How to Upgrade any r9 Series Mart to the Current Version
Log In to CA ERwin Mart Administrator
Log in to CA ERwin Mart Administrator to verify if you have successfully upgraded the
Mart Server from any earlier release of r9 series to the latest release.
Follow these steps:
1.
From the Windows Start menu, click All Programs, CA, ERwin, ERwin Mart Server
r9.6, CA ERwin Mart Administrator r9.6.
The CA ERwin Mart Administrator log in page appears. If you have implemented
SSL, HTTPS appears in the address bar.
2.
Use the credentials with which you initialized the Mart and log in.
The CA ERwin Mart Administrator home page appears.
The models that are created in any earlier release of r9 series are upgraded when a user
connects to the latest release Mart and opens the models.
46 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
Change the Mart Database Server
Change the Mart Database Server
Sometimes, you may change the server on which the Mart database is installed, or you
may restore the Mart database with a new name. When there is a change the server
name or database name, reconfigure the MartServer.
Follow these steps:
1.
Back up your Mart database.
2.
Restore the database on the designated server.
3.
If you use the same computer for Mart Server and restore the database in a
different name, include the new database name in the CA ERwin Mart
Configuration dialog.
From the Windows Start menu, open the CA ERwin Mart Configuration dialog. In
the Mart Server tab, Database Name field, enter the new name with which the
database is restored. Enter the current user name and password to access the
database. If wrong information is provided here, you may be able to install the
Mart, but you cannot log in and cannot use it.
4.
If you use a different computer for Mart Server and restore the database in the
same name, install the Mart Server on the new computer.
Use the Install CA ERwin Mart Server procedure and install the Mart Server. In the
Mart Server tab, Server Name field, enter the name of the new server where the
database is restored. Enter the current user name and password to access the
database. If wrong information is provided here, you may be able to install the
Mart, but you cannot log in and cannot use it.
5.
Stop the MartServer service and start it again.
6.
From the Windows Start menu, click All Programs, CA, ERwin, ERwin Mart Server
r9.6, CA ERwin Mart Administrator r9.6.
Enter the credentials of the Mart administrator and log in.
Troubleshooting
This section explains the errors that you can encounter while installing and configuring
Mart, and how you can troubleshoot them.
Note: The Mart Server log files are available in the following location:
Windows XP: {user.home}/Local Settings/Application Data/CA/ERwin Mart
Server/logs/application.log
Windows 7: {user.home}/AppData/Local/CA/ERwin Mart Server/logs/application.log
Chapter 2: Install and Configure an Oracle Mart 47
Troubleshooting
Port out of range
Symptom:
Whenever I connect to the web server, I get the following error message:
java.lang.IllegalArgumentException: port out of range 80821.
Solution:
Type the correct port number in the Configure CA ERwin Mart Administrator’s Server
dialog and then restart your web server.
Call failed on the server
Symptom:
When I try to connect to the Mart server, I get the following error:
500 The call failed on the server; see server log for details
Solution:
The probable reasons for this error could be one of the following reasons:
■
The server name is not correct.
■
The application name is not correct. By default, the application name is MartServer
and it is case-sensitive.
Type the correct server name and application name in the CA ERwin Mart
Administrator’s Server dialog and the Configure MartServer Details dialog. Restart the
web server.
48 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
Troubleshooting
Application Internal Error
Symptom:
When I try to connect to the database, I get the following error:
Application Internal Error
Solution
You get this error when the MartServer application is unable to connect to the required
database. The following reasons are probable for this error:
■
The database details that are provided in the Configure MartServer Details dialog
are incorrect.
■
The username and the password for the database are incorrect.
■
The database is not present.
■
The port number for the database is incorrect.
■
The network is down.
Ensure that you enter the correct details of your database in the Mart Server tab of the
CA ERwin Mart Configuration dialog.
ORA-12514 TNS listener does not currently know of service requested
in connect descriptor
Symptom:
When I try to open the CA ERwin Mart Administrator page, I get the Application Internal
Error. The Tomcat windows shows the following error message:
ORA-12514, TNS:listener does not currently know of service requested in connect
descriptor
Solution:
Use a fully qualified instance name when starting the Mart Server.
Chapter 2: Install and Configure an Oracle Mart 49
Troubleshooting
Mart already exists. Specify another database name
Symptom:
When I try to connect to the Mart, I get the following error message:
An earlier mart is already present in the database you are trying to initialize. This
process can not be continued. Please specify another database name to continue.
Solution:
You get this error when you connect to an old Mart that you have used for CA ERwin DM
Release r7 series, r8 series, or Beta release of any r9 series release.
Create a database and provide its details in the Configure MartServer Details dialog.
Initialize page is not loading in Internet Explorer
Symptom:
When I type the URL to initialize my Mart in Internet Explorer, the Initialize Mart page is
taking a long time to load.
Solution:
The Initialize Mart page does not load because the Active Scripting option in Internet
Explorer is disabled.
To enable Active Scripting, follow these steps:
1.
In Internet Explorer, click Tools, Internet Options.
2.
In the Security tab, click the Custom Level button.
The Security Settings – Local Intranet Zone window opens.
3.
From the list of options, locate Scripting, Active Scripting, and select Enable. Click
OK.
4.
Restart Internet Explorer and enter the URL to initialize Mart.
The Mart Initialize page opens.
50 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
Troubleshooting
The Tomcat server is not starting properly. The Configure button is
disabled.
Symptom:
My administrator has given me the Administrator rights and when I start the Tomcat
server, I get a series of errors. Also, I cannot click the Configure button in the
configuration dialog because it is disabled.
Solution:
Right-click Start Server, and click Run as Administrator.
The Tomcat server starts without any error, and the configuration button is enabled.
A connection with the server could not be established
Symptom:
When I try to connect to the web server from CA ERwin Data Modeler, I get the
following error message:
A connection with the server could not be established
Solution:
Verify that you have provided the correct port number and then reconnect to the web
server.
The server name or address could not be resolved
Symptom:
When I try to connect to the web server from CA ERwin Data Modeler, I get the
following error message:
The server name or address could not be resolved
Solution:
Verify that the server name where the web server is installed is correct and then
reconnect to the server.
Note: If CA ERwin Data Modeler and the web server are installed on the same
computer, you can give the server name as localhost. Suppose that CA ERwin Data
Modeler and the web server are installed on different computers. The server name is
the name of the computer where the web server is installed.
Chapter 2: Install and Configure an Oracle Mart 51
Troubleshooting
Invalid user ID or password
Symptom:
When I try to connect to the server, I get the following error message:
Invalid user ID or password. Please try again to login.
Solution:
Type the correct user name and password.
Note: The user must be an application level user and not a database user.
Error 12029
Symptom:
When I connect to the web server, I get the following error message:
Error 12029
Solution:
Restart the web server.
Unable to load the web page from my web browser
Symptom:
When I type the URL in Internet Explorer or Google Chrome to connect to the web
server, I get the following error messages:
For Internet Explorer
Internet Explorer cannot display the webpage
For Google Chrome
Oops! Google Chrome could not connect to localhost:18170
Solution:
Restart the web server.
52 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
Troubleshooting
Test connection failed
Symptom:
When I use the Mart Upgrade utility on a 64-bit computer and upgrade a r7.3 through
r8.2.9 Mart to r9.0.0 through r9.6.0 Mart, I get the following message:
Test connection failed
Solution:
CA ERwin DM is a 32-bit application. When you try to upgrade to r9.0.0 through r9.6.0
Mart on a 64-bit computer, the COM components do not work.
Follow these steps:
1.
Paste the code included at the bottom of this topic to a Notepad file and name it as
64_Bit_Upgrade.reg. Note down the folder where you have created this file.
Chapter 2: Install and Configure an Oracle Mart 53
Troubleshooting
2.
After installing CA ERwin DM version 9.0.0 through 9.6.0, right-click
64_Bit_Upgrade.reg and select Merge.
3.
From the Windows Start menu, go to Run and type the following commands to
re-register the EAL components:
regsvr32.exe
"<Install Dir>\CA\ERwin Data Modeler r9\EAL.dll"
regsvr32.exe
"<Install Dir>\CA\ERwin Data Modeler r9\
Upgrade\R8_Binaries\EAL.dll".
4.
Right-click 64_Bit_Upgrade.reg and select Merge again.
You can now upgrade to version 9.0.0 through 9.6.0 Mart on a 64-bit computer.
64_Bit_Upgrade.reg
Copy the following code and paste it to a new Notepad file:
Windows Registry Editor Version 5.00
[HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\Wow6432Node\CLSID\{9527D0BA-ED75-4b0e-BF4B-E35565DE9852}]
@="CA ERwin Data Modeler Script Client API"
"AppID"="{9527D0BA-ED75-4b0e-BF4B-E35565DE9852}"
[HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\Wow6432Node\AppID\{9527D0BA-ED75-4b0e-BF4B-E35565DE9852}]
"DllSurrogate"=""
[HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\Wow6432Node\CLSID\{40FDB0E6-D772-455d-B1C8-83CE79445403}]
@="CA ERwin Data Modeler Script Client API Property Bag"
"AppID"="{40FDB0E6-D772-455d-B1C8-83CE79445403}"
[HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\Wow6432Node\AppID\{40FDB0E6-D772-455d-B1C8-83CE79445403}]
"DllSurrogate"=""
[HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\Wow6432Node\CLSID\{6774E2C3-06E9-4943-A8D4-E3007AB1F42E}]
@="CA ERwin Data Modeler Script Client API"
"AppID"="{6774E2C3-06E9-4943-A8D4-E3007AB1F42E}"
[HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\Wow6432Node\AppID\{6774E2C3-06E9-4943-A8D4-E3007AB1F42E}]
"DllSurrogate"=""
[HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\Wow6432Node\CLSID\{7D7B1602-9832-4ac6-A224-F0092FAF0D7E}]
@="CA ERwin Data Modeler Script Client API Property Bag"
"APPID"="{7D7B1602-9832-4ac6-A224-F0092FAF0D7E}"
54 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
Troubleshooting
[HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\Wow6432Node\AppID\{7D7B1602-9832-4ac6-A224-F0092FAF0D7E}]
"DllSurrogate"=""
[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Classes\AppID\{9527D0BA-ED75-4b0e-BF4B-E35565DE9852}
]
[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Classes\AppID\{40FDB0E6-D772-455d-B1C8-83CE79445403}
]
[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Classes\AppID\{6774E2C3-06E9-4943-A8D4-E3007AB1F42E}
]
[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Classes\AppID\{7D7B1602-9832-4ac6-A224-F0092FAF0D7E}
]
Internet Explorer Redirects to a Different Link
Symptom:
Suppose that I install CA ERwin Mart Server on a fresh machine. If I enable the SSL
option and I invoke CA ERwin Mart Administrator, Internet Explorer redirects the page
to res://ieframe.dll//.
Solution:
Internet Explorer versions 8 through 10 have a security enhancement that blocks the
following types of sites:
■
Sites that have self-signed certificates
■
Sites that have self-signed certificates where the certificate does not match the URL
Follow any of these steps:
■
Install the certificate in the Trusted Root Certification Authorities store.
■
Add the site to trusted sites.
■
Set the Internet Explorer Security level to Medium Low.
Chapter 2: Install and Configure an Oracle Mart 55
Troubleshooting
I have a very long Windows user name and I cannot log in to the Mart
through CA ERwin Data Modeler
Symptom:
I have added a very long Windows user name similar to "Magdalena.Chalamalasetti"
using the Mart Administrator. When the user tries to log in to the Mart through CA
ERwin Data Modeler, the name is truncated to "US\Magdalena.Chalamas" and the user
cannot log in.
Solution:
The name is truncated due to a limitation with Windows. The Windows API returns the
legacy user name that is limited to 20 characters. If the length of a user name exceeds
20 characters, for example, "US\Magdalena.Chalamalasetti", the name is displayed as
"US\Magdalena.Chalamas" in the Connect to Mart dialog.
You can resolve this in one of the following ways:
■
Type the first 20 characters of the user name when you add the user as a Windows
User, in the Mart Administrator. For example, instead of typing
"US\Magdalena.Chalamalasetti", type "US\Magdalena.Chalamalas".
■
Use a Windows Group instead of the user's domain name. Using your Windows
domain controller software, add the user to a Windows Group, and then add the
group as a User Group in the Mart Administrator. For more information about how
to add a User Group, see CA ERwin Data Modeler r9 Workgroup Edition: Support for
Directory Services video.
56 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
Chapter 3: Install and Configure a
SQL Server Mart
This section describes how you can install and configure a Mart on a SQL Server
database.
This section contains the following topics:
How to Install and Configure a SQL Server Mart (see page 58)
How to Upgrade any r9 Series Mart to the Current Version (see page 74)
Change the Mart Database Server (see page 81)
Troubleshooting (see page 81)
Chapter 3: Install and Configure a SQL Server Mart 57
How to Install and Configure a SQL Server Mart
How to Install and Configure a SQL Server Mart
In the previous versions, CA ERwin Data Modeler connected to the Mart server directly.
Now, CA ERwin Data Modeler connects to the Mart server through a web server.
The Mart comprises the following components:
Database
Stores the user data for the Workgroup Edition. You can use a Microsoft SQL Server
2005, 2008, 2012, or 2014 database for the Mart database. You must use a new
database and not an existing database that was created for an older version of the
data modeling tool.
Note: CA ERwin Data Modeler does not support creating a database in a Server
Cluster environment.
Applications
Includes a web-based component named CA ERwin Mart Administrator that helps
you manage the Mart through a web console.
Web server
Hosts CA ERwin Mart Administrator. You can use a web server of your choice. If you
have not installed a web server, use the ERwin Mart Server option and install
Tomcat.
If you are using the Workgroup Edition, you must install and configure CA ERwin Mart
Administrator.
The following diagram illustrates how to install and configure a Mart:
58 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
How to Install and Configure a SQL Server Mart
Complete the following steps in the same order to install and configure the Mart:
1.
Review the prerequisites for a SQL Server Mart (see page 62).
2.
Create a SQL Server Database (see page 65).
3.
Install CA ERwin Mart Server. (see page 66)
4.
Use MartServer as a Windows Service.
5.
Initialize a SQL Server Mart. (see page 72)
6.
Log in to CA ERwin Mart Administrator and configure settings.
Chapter 3: Install and Configure a SQL Server Mart 59
How to Install and Configure a SQL Server Mart
Mart Architecture
In the previous versions, CA ERwin DM connected to the Mart database through the
database client software. Now, the application connects to the Mart database through a
web server. The database client software is no longer required. The web server includes
a web-based administration console—CA ERwin Mart Administrator. If you are using the
Workgroup Edition, you must install and configure CA ERwin Mart Administrator.
Database
Stores the user data for the Workgroup Edition. You can use a Microsoft SQL Server
2005, 2008, 2012, or 2014 database for the Mart database. You must use a new
database and not an existing database that was created for an older version of the
data modeling tool.
Applications
Includes a web-based component named CA ERwin Mart Administrator that helps
you manage the Mart through a web console.
Web server
Hosts CA ERwin Mart Administrator. You can use a web server of your choice. If you
have not installed a web server, use the ERwin Mart Server option and install
Tomcat.
The following diagram shows the new architecture:
60 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
How to Install and Configure a SQL Server Mart
The new architecture has the following benefits:
■
Separate logical and physical users: In the previous versions, Mart (or Model
Manager) users required database level privileges to access the Mart functionality.
The Mart database administrators added or deleted users in the Mart database.
This approach is changed now. The logical users are separated from physical users,
so Mart Administrators can create the Mart users without creating the
corresponding database users.
■
Authentication through Active Directory services: Earlier, if you wanted to provide
access to a user group, you added each user individually. Now, because of the new
architecture, you can use the Active Directory services and can provide access to
the group. Anyone who is part of the group gets access.
■
Mart administration outside CA ERwin Data Modeler: In the previous versions, Mart
Administrators used CA ERwin Data Modeler for administrative activities such as
managing permissions. This required non-modelers to know how to use CA ERwin
Data Modeler. In the new architecture, the administration component is built on a
separate layer on top of CA ERwin Data Modeler and is hosted on a web server.
Mart Administrators can access CA ERwin Web Admin from any computer and can
perform administrative activities through a web console.
Install a Mart or Upgrade a Mart?
Use the following guidelines to determine if you must install a Mart or upgrade a Mart:
■
If you are new to CA ERwin Data Modeler and have purchased the current version
of Workgroup Edition, then install the current version of the Mart. Use the How to
Install and Configure a Mart procedure that is appropriate for your Mart database.
■
If you have any earlier release of r9 series Mart, then upgrade the Mart to the
current version. Use the How to Upgrade any r9 Series Mart to the Current Version
procedure to upgrade your Mart. The models that are created in any earlier release
of r9 series are upgraded when a user connects to the current version Mart and
opens the models.
■
If you have an existing Mart and the version is r7.3 through r8.2.9, install the
current version Mart. Use the How to Install and Configure a Mart procedure that is
appropriate for your Mart database. After installing the Mart, use the Upgrade Mart
utility to upgrade the Mart models from r7.3 through r8.2.9 to the current version.
Chapter 3: Install and Configure a SQL Server Mart 61
How to Install and Configure a SQL Server Mart
Review the Prerequisites for a SQL Server Mart
Before you install the Mart components, help ensure that the minimum system
requirements that are outlined in this topic are met.
You can use any of the following combinations to install CA ERwin Data Modeler, the
Mart database, and the MartServer application:
■
Install CA ERwin Data Modeler, the Mart database, and the MartServer application
on the same computer.
■
Install CA ERwin Data Modeler, the Mart database, and the MartServer application
on different computers.
■
Install CA ERwin Data Modeler and the Mart database on one computer, and install
the MartServer application on a different computer.
■
Install CA ERwin Data Modeler on one computer, and install the Mart database and
the MartServer application on a different computer.
Help ensure that you always install the MartServer application on the Windows
operating system.
System requirements to install the MartServer application
Hardware requirements (based on physical hardware performance, not a virtual
environment):
■
2 GHZ or higher dual core processor
■
4 GB RAM (8 GB or more for large marts)
■
4 GB of disk space or more as required to support your specific mart
62 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
How to Install and Configure a SQL Server Mart
Operating system:
■
Microsoft Windows Vista
■
Microsoft Windows Server 2008 SP2
■
Microsoft Windows Server 2003 SP2
■
Microsoft Windows 7
■
Microsoft Windows 8
■
Microsoft Windows 2012
■
Microsoft Windows XP SP3: As Microsoft has dropped support for Windows XP, CA
ERwin Data Modeler will no longer be tested for compatibility with that operating
environment. Should you encounter any problem(s) using CA ERwin Data Modeler
you should first verify that the problem(s) encountered are not related to an
unsupported operating environment before reporting the problem(s) to CA.
Note: CA ERwin Data Modeler is a 32-bit application and is fully compatible with
64-bit operating systems, except for the following known issues:
■
64-bit database drivers and clients will not work with the application. The
workaround is to use 32-bit database drivers and clients in the 64-bit operating
system environment.
■
Running the CA ERwin API in a 64-bit environment requires some changes to
the workstation registry. For more information about changing the registry, see
the CA ERwin Data Modeler WE Implementation and Administration Guide.
■
Microsoft .NET Framework 3.5
■
All current Microsoft Windows critical updates are applied
Database:
■
The Mart Server can use a standalone or can share an existing database server for a
Microsoft SQL Server 2005, 2008, 2012, or 2014 database.
■
The SQL Server 2005, 2008, 2012, and 2014 TRUSTWORTHY database property is no
longer required for the mart. After you install this product, you can optionally reset
this property to OFF.
■
The database user account that is used to configure the Mart must have the
dba_owner role assigned.
■
(Optional) To use the Korean language, use the Korean_wansung_CI_AS character
set. Select the character set while creating the Mart database (in the Collation
field). For more information, see the SQL Server documentation.
CA ERwin Mart Administrator web client:
■
Supported browsers:
–
Microsoft Internet Explorer 8® or newer
–
Mozilla Firefox® v.9.0 or newer
Chapter 3: Install and Configure a SQL Server Mart 63
How to Install and Configure a SQL Server Mart
■
–
Google Chrome 14 or newer
–
Apple Safari 5 or newer
Adobe Flash plug-in version 8 or newer for the respective browser
Other requirements
Help ensure that the following additional requirements are met:
■
If you want to use Microsoft IIS as the web server, you have configured it.
■
The DBMS is installed and prepared for creating the Mart Database.
■
The Mart database is created. At least one user with administrator privileges is
present.
■
If you want to add Windows Group users as Mart users, you have the Active
Directory Server details.
Note: You can add Windows Group users as normal Mart users, but not the Mart
administrator. A Mart administrator must be a database-authenticated user.
Important disclaimer notice on all requirements
1.
The requirements that are mentioned previously define the minimum requirements
which permit the application to run with reasonable performance based on a small
business use case scenario. The actual requirements for an enterprise-wide use
case based on larger models and configurations require significantly greater
resources to obtain acceptable performance.
2.
These requirements are based on actual physical hardware (no virtual environment)
and the following assumptions:
■
Minimal to no network overhead (both the database and application servers
are locally installed)
■
Vendor's default install of the current version of their software (with all current
service or fix packs)
■
No other applications sharing the defined hardware configuration (for example,
a “clean” machine)
Any other hardware/software configurations are acceptable as long as they provide
the same (or better) performance characteristics identified.
64 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
How to Install and Configure a SQL Server Mart
Create a SQL Server Database
The following tasks must be performed by the DBA and system administrator
responsible for installing CA ERwin Data Modeler Workgroup Edition on a Microsoft SQL
Server DBMS:
1.
Use a graphical user interface (GUI) tool, ISQL (all versions), SQL Administrator, or
Enterprise Manager to create the CA ERwin Data Modeler Workgroup Edition
database. If a GUI tool is not available, you can use ISQL to type in the appropriate
commands manually.
Note: CA ERwin Data Modeler does not support creating a database in a Server
Cluster environment.
Your database should meet the following criteria:
■
The initial size of the database file should be set to 60 MB.
■
The initial size of the transaction log file should be set to 50 MB.
■
Set the maximum file size to unrestricted file growth for both files
(recommended, but not required).
■
Increase the Set Auto grow file by 10 percent (recommended, but not
required).
The new database is owned by the user who created it.
Set the Truncate Log on Checkpoint option and have the server generate
checkpoints frequently. By selecting this option, the log is emptied periodically and
should not fill up and cause rollbacks.
Note: For best performance ensure that separate devices are used to store the data
and the transaction log.
2.
Verify tempdb size.
Significant temporary space is required for installation and use. The temporary
segments need at least 16 MB of available space. You should also increase available
space as the number of concurrent users increase.
Microsoft SQL Server 2005 Permissions
For a SQL Server 2005 Mart, you must have the bulkadmin permission designated. The
ability to do bulk inserts (which the public permission permitted previously) is no longer
part of the public permission. As the administrator, you explicitly define this permission.
Assign the bulkadmin permission to the physical user that connects to the database. If
you do not define the permission, when you create a mart using a SQL Server 2005
database, and save it, an error appears.
Chapter 3: Install and Configure a SQL Server Mart 65
How to Install and Configure a SQL Server Mart
Specify Use of Foreign Characters With Microsoft SQL Server 2005
For Microsoft SQL Server 2005, 2008, and 2012, modify your registry settings to have
certain foreign language characters in your models recognized.
Follow these steps:
1.
Click Run on the Start menu.
2.
Enter regedit.
The Registry Editor opens.
3.
Verify or add the following registry entry:
[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\MSSQLServer\Client\DB-Lib]
"AutoAnsiToOem"="ON"
"UseIntlSettings"="ON"
4.
Click File, Exit.
Your configuration is set to recognize foreign language characters in your models.
Install CA ERwin Mart Server
The Mart Server and Mart Admin war files are deployed on a Web server. You can either
use an existing web server, or install the web server through the CA ERwin MartServer
r9.6 Installation Wizard. You must install CA ERwin Mart Server and configure it
regardless of whether you use Mart Server as a Windows service.
Note: Ensure that you have reviewed the Install a Mart or Upgrade a Mart topic before
proceeding.
Follow these steps:
1.
Do one of the following tasks:
■
Insert the installation DVD and select Mart Server Installation.
■
Download the CAEDMMS96.exe file from the online CA Technologies product
page and run it.
The CA ERwin MartServer r9.6 Installation Wizard appears.
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2.
Go through the wizard steps to install CA ERwin Mart Server.
Depending on the options you select, CA ERwin Mart Server and/or Java Runtime
Environment (JRE) and Tomcat are installed.
Note: If Java (any version) is already available in the computer and the environment
variable JRE_HOME is set, the installer overwrites JRE_HOME with the new Java
path. The JRE version that is shipped with the installer is 1.8. If a Tomcat web server
is already installed in the computer and the environment variable CATALINA_HOME
is set, the installer replaces CATALINA_HOME with the new path.
3.
From the Windows Start menu, click All Programs, CA, ERwin, ERwin Mart Server
r9.6, Configure MartServer.
The CA ERwin Mart Configuration dialog appears.
Configure the CA ERwin Mart Server
1.
Complete the following fields in the Mart Server tab:
Database Type
Specifies the database server type.
Port No.
Specifies the port number of the database server.
Server Name
Specifies the name of the database server where you have installed the Mart
database. For example, suppose that you are using SQL Server 2008 as the
Mart database. Enter the name of the computer where SQL Server 2008 is
installed.
Instance Name
Specifies the name of the database instance.
Database Name
Specifies the name of the Mart database.
Note: If you are installing the Mart for the first time, use a new database. Do not
use an existing database that was created for r7.3 through r8.2.9 Mart. If you are
upgrading the Mart from any earlier release of r9 series to the latest release, use
the corresponding Mart database.
User Name
Specifies the user name to connect to the Mart database. Enter the name of a
user that is authenticated by the Mart database.
Chapter 3: Install and Configure a SQL Server Mart 67
How to Install and Configure a SQL Server Mart
Password
Specifies the password to connect to the Mart database.
Note: The following fields--Domain Controller Name, Domain/User Name, and
Password are required only if you are using the Active Directory authentication. You
can use the Active Directory authentication to initialize the Mart and to log in to CA
ERwin Mart Administrator.
Domain Controller Name
Specifies the fully qualified name of the Active Directory Server (Domain
Controller). Enter the name in the following format:
LDAP://server/distinguished-name
Example: ldap://mktgna:3268/dc=abc, dc=com
Here, mktgna is the server name. You can provide either the name of the
server or the IP address. 3268 is the port number to which the server listens.
dc=abc, dc=com is the distinguished-name. The distinguished name is the full
path of the object.
Note: If you do not know the Domain Controller Name, use the Nltest
command or talk to your System Administrator.
Domain/User Name
Specifies the domain name and user name in the <domain name>/<user name>
format.
Password
Specifies the password of the domain user.
Configure CA ERwin Mart Administrator
1.
Enter the following information in the Mart Administrator tab:
Server Name
Specifies the name of the computer where the Web Server is present. For
example, if you are using Tomcat, enter the name of the computer where
Tomcat is installed.
Default: localhost
Port Number
Specifies the port number on which the Web Server is running.
Default: 18170
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Application Name
Specifies the application name with which the Web Server is identified.
Default: MartServer
Transport Layer Security
Specifies if you want to connect to the Mart through a secured connection
(SSL). Select this check box if you have implemented SSL.
Hosting Server
Specifies that you want to use the IIS web server to connect to the Mart. Select
this check box only if you have configured IIS.
2.
Click Configure.
The CA ERwin Mart Administrator and the Mart Server are configured.
More information:
Configure IIS Web Server (see page 124)
Implement SSL for IIS (see page 126)
Chapter 3: Install and Configure a SQL Server Mart 69
How to Install and Configure a SQL Server Mart
Enable SSL for Tomcat
SSL enables you to access the Mart through a secured connection. You can enable SSL
for Tomcat--the default web server, regardless of whether you are installing the Mart
for the first time, or you are upgrading it from any earlier release of r9 series.
Follow these steps:
1.
If the Mart Server service is running, stop it. From the Windows Start menu, click All
Programs, CA, ERwin, ERwin Mart Server r9.6, Stop MartServer Service to stop the
web server.
2.
From the Windows Start menu, click All Programs, CA, ERwin, ERwin Mart Server
r9.6, Enable SSL for Tomcat Webserver.
SSL is enabled for Tomcat and a security certificate is created. You must install this
security certificate on all the computers from where you want to access the Mart.
3.
From the Windows Start menu, click All Programs, CA, ERwin, ERwin Mart Server
r9.6, Configure MartServer.
The CA ERwin Mart Configuration dialog appears.
4.
Go to the Mart Administrator tab and select the Transport Layer Security check box.
5.
From the Windows Start menu, click All Programs, CA, ERwin, ERwin Mart Server
r9.6, Start Mart Server Service.
6.
From the Windows Start menu, click All Programs, CA, ERwin, ERwin Mart Server
r9.6, CA ERwin Mart Administrator r9.6.
The CA ERwin Mart Administrator home page appears and displays HTTPS in the
address bar. If a certificate error appears, click Proceed Anyway to begin the
session.
Important! If you want to connect to an SSL enabled Mart through API or the Mart
Upgrade utility, you must first install the security certificate on the corresponding
computer. Install the certificate through the data modeling tool. If you do not install the
security certificate, the Mart Upgrade utility and the API will not be able to connect to
the SSL enabled Mart.
Disable SSL and Access the Mart Through a Normal Connection
You can disable SSL at any time and access the Mart through a normal connection.
Follow these steps:
1.
If the Mart Server Service is running, stop it. From the Windows Start menu, click All
Programs, CA, ERwin, ERwin Mart Server r9.6, Stop Mart Server Service.
2.
From the Windows Start menu, click All Programs, CA, ERwin, ERwin Mart Server
r9.6, Disable SSL.
3.
From the Windows Start menu, click All Programs, CA, ERwin, ERwin Mart Server
r9.6, Configure MartServer.
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The CA ERwin Mart Configuration dialog appears.
4.
Go to the Mart Administrator tab and clear the Transport Layer Security check box.
5.
From the Windows Start menu, click All Programs, CA, ERwin, ERwin Mart Server
r9.6, Start Mart Server Service.
6.
From the Windows Start menu, click All Programs, CA, ERwin, ERwin Mart Server
r9.6, CA ERwin Mart Administrator r9.6.
The CA ERwin Mart Administrator home page appears and displays HTTP in the
address bar.
Use Mart Server as a Windows Service
The current version of the Mart provides two ways to start the web server that hosts
Mart Server:
■
Start the web server manually.
■
Use a Windows service to start the web server.
For example, if you have used Tomcat as the web server to host Mart Server, you can
start Tomcat in two ways:
■
Start Tomcat through the startup.bat file or through a shortcut to this file.
■
Use a Windows service to start Tomcat.
The benefits of using a Windows service to start a web server are as follows:
■
Any user with administrative privileges on a computer can start the Windows
service, whereas, only designated users can start a web server manually.
■
A Windows service runs regardless of whether a user has logged in. A
manually-started web server shuts down when the user who started it logs out.
Follow these steps:
1.
From the Windows Start menu, click All Programs, CA, ERwin, ERwin Mart Server
r9.6, Create MartServer Service to create the MartServer Windows service.
Creating the service is a one-time task. After the service is created, you only have to
start and stop the service.
2.
From the Windows Start menu, click All Programs, CA, ERwin, ERwin Mart Server
r9.6, Start MartServer Service to start the web server.
Chapter 3: Install and Configure a SQL Server Mart 71
How to Install and Configure a SQL Server Mart
Initialize a SQL Server Mart
When you access the Mart database through CA ERwin Mart Administrator for the first
time, you must initialize the database. You can initialize the database using a database
authenticated user or a Windows authenticated user.
Note: Before you proceed, verify that you have installed a DBMS, created the Mart
database and run the initial queries. If the Mart is already initialized, the Login page
appears.
Follow these steps:
1.
If you are using MartServer as a Windows service, help ensure that the service is
started. If not, from the Windows Start menu, click All Programs, CA, ERwin, ERwin
Mart Server r9.6, Start Mart Server to start the Mart Server.
A Windows command prompt window appears and indicates when the server
starts.
2.
From the Windows Start menu, click All Programs, CA, ERwin, ERwin Mart Server
r9.6, CA ERwin Mart Administrator r9.6.
CA ERwin Mart Administrator opens in your default browser.
3.
Complete the following fields:
Username
Defines the user name with which you want to access the Mart. If you are using
a Windows-authenticated user, enter the name in the <domain name>/<user
name> format.
Password
Defines the password for the user name.
Confirm Password
Confirms the password that you entered in the previous field.
Email Address
Defines the email address for the user account that you are creating.
4.
Click Initialize.
The user name is added as an administrator of Mart, Mart is initialized, and the
Login web page appears. Initializing is a one-time task. After Mart is initialized, the
user who initialized must log in first. Later, any other user who wants to use CA
ERwin Mart Administrator can log in.
Note: The user name that is entered here is an application level user and not a database
user. Remember the password that you have entered here, because without the
password you cannot log in to CA ERwin Mart Administrator for the first time.
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Log In to CA ERwin Mart Administrator and Configure Settings
After the Mart is initialized, the user who initialized must log in first. When you log in to
Mart for the first time, configure it per the requirements of your organization. You can
configure the following settings:
■
Default profile for the model creator
■
Use default password
■
Email notification
Follow these steps:
1.
From the Windows Start menu, click All Programs, CA, ERwin, ERwin Mart Server
r9.6, CA ERwin Mart Administrator r9.6.
The CA ERwin Mart Administrator home page appears. If you have implemented
SSL, HTTPS appears in the address bar.
2.
Use the credentials with which you initialized the Mart and log in.
3.
Click Settings.
4.
Complete the following fields:
Default profile for model creator
Specifies the profile that is assigned to a user on a model. This profile is
assigned whenever a user creates a model and saves it to Mart for the first
time. The user inherits the permissions of the default profile selected here on
the model that is saved. For example, suppose that User1 is assigned with
Modeler profile and the System Administrator selects Architect as the default
profile for model creator. If User1 creates Model1 and saves it to Mart, for
Model1, User1 inherits the permissions of Architect. Now, suppose that the
System Administrator selects Viewer as the default profile for model creator,
and suppose that User1 creates Model2 and saves it to Mart. For Model2,
User1 inherits the permissions of Viewer.
Use Default Password
Specifies the default password that you want to use for new users and for
resetting passwords, in the absence of an SMTP server for emails.
Note: Select this option only if you do not have an SMTP server that is configured
for emails.
SMTP host name
Specifies the name of the SMTP host. Enter the name in the mail.domain.com
format. Notification emails are sent from this server.
Port number
Specifies the port number of the SMTP server. The default port number is 25. If
your company is using an alternate port number for the mail server, specify
that port number.
Chapter 3: Install and Configure a SQL Server Mart 73
How to Upgrade any r9 Series Mart to the Current Version
Authenticate
Specifies whether transactions with the SMTP server are authenticated. Select
the check box to authenticate.
User name
Specifies the user name to authenticate the SMTP server. Select the
Authenticate check box to enable authentication.
Password
Specifies the password to authenticate the SMTP server. Select the
Authenticate check box to enable authentication.
Administrator email
Specifies the email ID of the Mart administrator. Notifications to Mart users are
sent from this ID.
No-reply email from
Specifies the email ID from which administrative emails such as the password
reset email are sent.
5.
Click Save.
Mart options are configured.
You have installed and configured CA ERwin DM Mart.
How to Upgrade any r9 Series Mart to the Current
Version
If you are using any earlier release of r9 series and you want to upgrade it to the latest
release, upgrade the Mart Server and the Mart database. The Mart server program is
upgraded, so you must implement the upgraded software.
Important! The current Mart is designed to work with only the current version of CA
ERwin Data Modeler. If you try to connect the current Mart with an older version CA
ERwin Data Modeler such as r9.0.0, it may corrupt the Mart and cause unexpected
behavior.
74 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
How to Upgrade any r9 Series Mart to the Current Version
The following diagram illustrates how System Administrators can upgrade a Mart from
any earlier release of r9 series to the latest release:
Complete the following tasks to upgrade a Mart of any earlier release of r9 series to the
latest release:
1.
Review the prerequisites. (see page 41)
2.
Upgrade the Mart Server (see page 42).
3.
Configure the Mart Server (see page 42).
4.
Restart the Mart Server service. (see page 45)
5.
Log In to CA ERwin Web Admin (see page 46).
Review the Prerequisites
Review the following prerequisites before you start the upgrade process:
If the Mart database is an Oracle database, the default tablespaces that were used for
initializing the any earlier release of r9 series Mart are available for the latest release.
Chapter 3: Install and Configure a SQL Server Mart 75
How to Upgrade any r9 Series Mart to the Current Version
Upgrade the Mart Server
If you are upgrading a Mart from any earlier release of r9 series to the latest release,
upgrade the Mart Server.
Note: See the Install a Mart or Upgrade a Mart topic before proceeding.
Follow these steps:
1.
If you are running MartServer as a Windows service, stop the service.
Note: If you upgrade the Mart Server without stopping the service, Mart Server
may not start after you complete the upgrade process.
2.
Download and run the CAEDMMS96.exe file from the CA Support site.
The CA ERwin Mart Server r9.6.0 Install Shield Wizard dialog appears.
3.
Follow the wizard.
The Mart Server is upgraded.
4.
Restart your computer.
Configure the Mart Server
To connect to the latest Mart, you must configure the Mart Server. Use the same
database that you have used for the r9.0.0 Mart (or any earlier release of r9 series
Mart).
Note: See the Upgrade Considerations topic before proceeding.
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Follow these steps:
1.
From the Windows Start menu, click All Programs, CA, ERwin, ERwin Mart Server
r9.6, Configure MartServer.
The CA ERwin Mart Configuration dialog appears.
Configure the CA ERwin Mart Server
1.
Complete the following fields in the Mart Server tab:
Database Type
Specifies the database server type.
Port No.
Specifies the port number of the database server.
Server Name
Specifies the name of the database server where you have installed the Mart
database. For example, suppose that you are using SQL Server 2008 as the
Mart database. Enter the name of the computer where SQL Server 2008 is
installed.
Instance Name
Specifies the name of the database instance.
Database Name
Specifies the name of the Mart database.
Note: If you are installing the Mart for the first time, use a new database. Do not
use an existing database that was created for r7.3 through r8.2.9 Mart. If you are
upgrading the Mart from any earlier release of r9 series to the latest release, use
the corresponding Mart database.
User Name
Specifies the user name to connect to the Mart database. Enter the name of a
user that is authenticated by the Mart database.
Chapter 3: Install and Configure a SQL Server Mart 77
How to Upgrade any r9 Series Mart to the Current Version
Password
Specifies the password to connect to the Mart database.
Note: The following fields--Domain Controller Name, Domain/User Name, and
Password are required only if you are using the Active Directory authentication. You
can use the Active Directory authentication to initialize the Mart and to log in to CA
ERwin Mart Administrator.
Domain Controller Name
Specifies the fully qualified name of the Active Directory Server (Domain
Controller). Enter the name in the following format:
LDAP://server/distinguished-name
Example: ldap://mktgna:3268/dc=abc, dc=com
Here, mktgna is the server name. You can provide either the name of the
server or the IP address. 3268 is the port number to which the server listens.
dc=abc, dc=com is the distinguished-name. The distinguished name is the full
path of the object.
Note: If you do not know the Domain Controller Name, use the Nltest
command or talk to your System Administrator.
Domain/User Name
Specifies the domain name and user name in the <domain name>/<user name>
format.
Password
Specifies the password of the domain user.
Configure CA ERwin Mart Administrator
1.
Enter the following information in the Mart Administrator tab:
Server Name
Specifies the name of the computer where the Web Server is present. For
example, if you are using Tomcat, enter the name of the computer where
Tomcat is installed.
Default: localhost
Port Number
Specifies the port number on which the Web Server is running.
Default: 18170
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Application Name
Specifies the application name with which the Web Server is identified.
Default: MartServer
Transport Layer Security
Specifies if you want to connect to the Mart through a secured connection
(SSL). Select this check box if you have implemented SSL.
Hosting Server
Specifies that you want to use the IIS web server to connect to the Mart. Select
this check box only if you have configured IIS.
2.
Click Configure.
The CA ERwin Mart Administrator and the Mart Server are configured.
Restart the Mart Server Service
When you modify the details of the Mart Server and Mart Administration programs,
restart the Mart Server service.
Follow these steps:
1.
From the Windows Start menu, click All Programs, CA, ERwin, ERwin Mart Server
r9.6, Stop MartServer Service to stop the Mart Server service.
2.
From the Windows Start menu, click All Programs, CA, ERwin, ERwin Mart Server
r9.6, Start MartServer Service to start the Mart Server service.
Chapter 3: Install and Configure a SQL Server Mart 79
How to Upgrade any r9 Series Mart to the Current Version
Log In to CA ERwin Mart Administrator
Log in to CA ERwin Mart Administrator to verify if you have successfully upgraded the
Mart Server from any earlier release of r9 series to the latest release.
Follow these steps:
1.
From the Windows Start menu, click All Programs, CA, ERwin, ERwin Mart Server
r9.6, CA ERwin Mart Administrator r9.6.
The CA ERwin Mart Administrator log in page appears. If you have implemented
SSL, HTTPS appears in the address bar.
2.
Use the credentials with which you initialized the Mart and log in.
The CA ERwin Mart Administrator home page appears.
The models that are created in any earlier release of r9 series are upgraded when a user
connects to the latest release Mart and opens the models.
80 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
Change the Mart Database Server
Change the Mart Database Server
Sometimes, you may change the server on which the Mart database is installed, or you
may restore the Mart database with a new name. When there is a change the server
name or database name, reconfigure the MartServer.
Follow these steps:
1.
Back up your Mart database.
2.
Restore the database on the designated server.
3.
If you use the same computer for Mart Server and restore the database in a
different name, include the new database name in the CA ERwin Mart
Configuration dialog.
From the Windows Start menu, open the CA ERwin Mart Configuration dialog. In
the Mart Server tab, Database Name field, enter the new name with which the
database is restored. Enter the current user name and password to access the
database. If wrong information is provided here, you may be able to install the
Mart, but you cannot log in and cannot use it.
4.
If you use a different computer for Mart Server and restore the database in the
same name, install the Mart Server on the new computer.
Use the Install CA ERwin Mart Server procedure and install the Mart Server. In the
Mart Server tab, Server Name field, enter the name of the new server where the
database is restored. Enter the current user name and password to access the
database. If wrong information is provided here, you may be able to install the
Mart, but you cannot log in and cannot use it.
5.
Stop the MartServer service and start it again.
6.
From the Windows Start menu, click All Programs, CA, ERwin, ERwin Mart Server
r9.6, CA ERwin Mart Administrator r9.6.
Enter the credentials of the Mart administrator and log in.
Troubleshooting
This section explains the errors that you can encounter while installing and configuring
Mart, and how you can troubleshoot them.
Note: The Mart Server log files are available in the following location:
Windows XP: {user.home}/Local Settings/Application Data/CA/ERwin Mart
Server/logs/application.log
Windows 7: {user.home}/AppData/Local/CA/ERwin Mart Server/logs/application.log
Chapter 3: Install and Configure a SQL Server Mart 81
Troubleshooting
Port out of range
Symptom:
Whenever I connect to the web server, I get the following error message:
java.lang.IllegalArgumentException: port out of range 80821.
Solution:
Type the correct port number in the Configure CA ERwin Mart Administrator’s Server
dialog and then restart your web server.
Call failed on the server
Symptom:
When I try to connect to the Mart server, I get the following error:
500 The call failed on the server; see server log for details
Solution:
The probable reasons for this error could be one of the following reasons:
■
The server name is not correct.
■
The application name is not correct. By default, the application name is MartServer
and it is case-sensitive.
Type the correct server name and application name in the CA ERwin Mart
Administrator’s Server dialog and the Configure MartServer Details dialog. Restart the
web server.
82 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
Troubleshooting
Application Internal Error
Symptom:
When I try to connect to the database, I get the following error:
Application Internal Error
Solution
You get this error when the MartServer application is unable to connect to the required
database. The following reasons are probable for this error:
■
The database details that are provided in the Configure MartServer Details dialog
are incorrect.
■
The username and the password for the database are incorrect.
■
The database is not present.
■
The port number for the database is incorrect.
■
The network is down.
Ensure that you enter the correct details of your database in the Mart Server tab of the
CA ERwin Mart Configuration dialog.
Mart already exists. Specify another database name
Symptom:
When I try to connect to the Mart, I get the following error message:
An earlier mart is already present in the database you are trying to initialize. This
process can not be continued. Please specify another database name to continue.
Solution:
You get this error when you connect to an old Mart that you have used for CA ERwin DM
Release r7 series, r8 series, or Beta release of any r9 series release.
Create a database and provide its details in the Configure MartServer Details dialog.
Chapter 3: Install and Configure a SQL Server Mart 83
Troubleshooting
Initialize page is not loading in Internet Explorer
Symptom:
When I type the URL to initialize my Mart in Internet Explorer, the Initialize Mart page is
taking a long time to load.
Solution:
The Initialize Mart page does not load because the Active Scripting option in Internet
Explorer is disabled.
To enable Active Scripting, follow these steps:
1.
In Internet Explorer, click Tools, Internet Options.
2.
In the Security tab, click the Custom Level button.
The Security Settings – Local Intranet Zone window opens.
3.
From the list of options, locate Scripting, Active Scripting, and select Enable. Click
OK.
4.
Restart Internet Explorer and enter the URL to initialize Mart.
The Mart Initialize page opens.
The Tomcat server is not starting properly. The Configure button is
disabled.
Symptom:
My administrator has given me the Administrator rights and when I start the Tomcat
server, I get a series of errors. Also, I cannot click the Configure button in the
configuration dialog because it is disabled.
Solution:
Right-click Start Server, and click Run as Administrator.
The Tomcat server starts without any error, and the configuration button is enabled.
84 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
Troubleshooting
A connection with the server could not be established
Symptom:
When I try to connect to the web server from CA ERwin Data Modeler, I get the
following error message:
A connection with the server could not be established
Solution:
Verify that you have provided the correct port number and then reconnect to the web
server.
The server name or address could not be resolved
Symptom:
When I try to connect to the web server from CA ERwin Data Modeler, I get the
following error message:
The server name or address could not be resolved
Solution:
Verify that the server name where the web server is installed is correct and then
reconnect to the server.
Note: If CA ERwin Data Modeler and the web server are installed on the same
computer, you can give the server name as localhost. Suppose that CA ERwin Data
Modeler and the web server are installed on different computers. The server name is
the name of the computer where the web server is installed.
Invalid user ID or password
Symptom:
When I try to connect to the server, I get the following error message:
Invalid user ID or password. Please try again to login.
Solution:
Type the correct user name and password.
Note: The user must be an application level user and not a database user.
Chapter 3: Install and Configure a SQL Server Mart 85
Troubleshooting
Error 12029
Symptom:
When I connect to the web server, I get the following error message:
Error 12029
Solution:
Restart the web server.
Unable to load the web page from my web browser
Symptom:
When I type the URL in Internet Explorer or Google Chrome to connect to the web
server, I get the following error messages:
For Internet Explorer
Internet Explorer cannot display the webpage
For Google Chrome
Oops! Google Chrome could not connect to localhost:18170
Solution:
Restart the web server.
Test connection failed
Symptom:
When I use the Mart Upgrade utility on a 64-bit computer and upgrade a r7.3 through
r8.2.9 Mart to r9.0.0 through r9.6.0 Mart, I get the following message:
Test connection failed
Solution:
CA ERwin DM is a 32-bit application. When you try to upgrade to r9.0.0 through r9.6.0
Mart on a 64-bit computer, the COM components do not work.
Follow these steps:
1.
Paste the code included at the bottom of this topic to a Notepad file and name it as
64_Bit_Upgrade.reg. Note down the folder where you have created this file.
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Troubleshooting
2.
After installing CA ERwin DM version 9.0.0 through 9.6.0, right-click
64_Bit_Upgrade.reg and select Merge.
3.
From the Windows Start menu, go to Run and type the following commands to
re-register the EAL components:
regsvr32.exe
"<Install Dir>\CA\ERwin Data Modeler r9\EAL.dll"
regsvr32.exe
"<Install Dir>\CA\ERwin Data Modeler r9\
Upgrade\R8_Binaries\EAL.dll".
4.
Right-click 64_Bit_Upgrade.reg and select Merge again.
You can now upgrade to version 9.0.0 through 9.6.0 Mart on a 64-bit computer.
64_Bit_Upgrade.reg
Copy the following code and paste it to a new Notepad file:
Windows Registry Editor Version 5.00
[HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\Wow6432Node\CLSID\{9527D0BA-ED75-4b0e-BF4B-E35565DE9852}]
@="CA ERwin Data Modeler Script Client API"
"AppID"="{9527D0BA-ED75-4b0e-BF4B-E35565DE9852}"
[HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\Wow6432Node\AppID\{9527D0BA-ED75-4b0e-BF4B-E35565DE9852}]
"DllSurrogate"=""
[HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\Wow6432Node\CLSID\{40FDB0E6-D772-455d-B1C8-83CE79445403}]
@="CA ERwin Data Modeler Script Client API Property Bag"
"AppID"="{40FDB0E6-D772-455d-B1C8-83CE79445403}"
[HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\Wow6432Node\AppID\{40FDB0E6-D772-455d-B1C8-83CE79445403}]
"DllSurrogate"=""
[HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\Wow6432Node\CLSID\{6774E2C3-06E9-4943-A8D4-E3007AB1F42E}]
@="CA ERwin Data Modeler Script Client API"
"AppID"="{6774E2C3-06E9-4943-A8D4-E3007AB1F42E}"
[HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\Wow6432Node\AppID\{6774E2C3-06E9-4943-A8D4-E3007AB1F42E}]
"DllSurrogate"=""
[HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\Wow6432Node\CLSID\{7D7B1602-9832-4ac6-A224-F0092FAF0D7E}]
@="CA ERwin Data Modeler Script Client API Property Bag"
"APPID"="{7D7B1602-9832-4ac6-A224-F0092FAF0D7E}"
Chapter 3: Install and Configure a SQL Server Mart 87
Troubleshooting
[HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\Wow6432Node\AppID\{7D7B1602-9832-4ac6-A224-F0092FAF0D7E}]
"DllSurrogate"=""
[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Classes\AppID\{9527D0BA-ED75-4b0e-BF4B-E35565DE9852}
]
[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Classes\AppID\{40FDB0E6-D772-455d-B1C8-83CE79445403}
]
[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Classes\AppID\{6774E2C3-06E9-4943-A8D4-E3007AB1F42E}
]
[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Classes\AppID\{7D7B1602-9832-4ac6-A224-F0092FAF0D7E}
]
Internet Explorer Redirects to a Different Link
Symptom:
Suppose that I install CA ERwin Mart Server on a fresh machine. If I enable the SSL
option and I invoke CA ERwin Mart Administrator, Internet Explorer redirects the page
to res://ieframe.dll//.
Solution:
Internet Explorer versions 8 through 10 have a security enhancement that blocks the
following types of sites:
■
Sites that have self-signed certificates
■
Sites that have self-signed certificates where the certificate does not match the URL
Follow any of these steps:
■
Install the certificate in the Trusted Root Certification Authorities store.
■
Add the site to trusted sites.
■
Set the Internet Explorer Security level to Medium Low.
Chinese characters are replaced with question marks
Symptom:
I type Chinese characters in the Version Description dialog in CA ERwin Mart
Administrator. If I open CA ERwin Data Modeler and go to the Catalog Manager window,
I see that the Chinese characters are replaced with ????.
88 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
Troubleshooting
Solution:
Follow these steps:
1.
Select Chinese for the Format, Location, and Locale fields in the computer where
you have installed CA ERwin Data Modeler, Mart server, and Mart database. (You
can access these settings through the Control Panel.)
2.
Open the Database Properties dialog for the Mart database and verify the value for
the Collation field.
3.
If the value is other than SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS, create a database and
assign this value for Collation. Initialize the Mart again.
I have a very long Windows user name and I cannot log in to the Mart
through CA ERwin Data Modeler
Symptom:
I have added a very long Windows user name similar to "Magdalena.Chalamalasetti"
using the Mart Administrator. When the user tries to log in to the Mart through CA
ERwin Data Modeler, the name is truncated to "US\Magdalena.Chalamas" and the user
cannot log in.
Solution:
The name is truncated due to a limitation with Windows. The Windows API returns the
legacy user name that is limited to 20 characters. If the length of a user name exceeds
20 characters, for example, "US\Magdalena.Chalamalasetti", the name is displayed as
"US\Magdalena.Chalamas" in the Connect to Mart dialog.
You can resolve this in one of the following ways:
■
Type the first 20 characters of the user name when you add the user as a Windows
User, in the Mart Administrator. For example, instead of typing
"US\Magdalena.Chalamalasetti", type "US\Magdalena.Chalamalas".
■
Use a Windows Group instead of the user's domain name. Using your Windows
domain controller software, add the user to a Windows Group, and then add the
group as a User Group in the Mart Administrator. For more information about how
to add a User Group, see CA ERwin Data Modeler r9 Workgroup Edition: Support for
Directory Services video.
Chapter 3: Install and Configure a SQL Server Mart 89
Chapter 4: Install and Configure a
Sybase Mart
This section describes how you can install and configure a Mart on a Sybase database.
This section contains the following topics:
How to Install and Configure a Sybase Mart (see page 91)
How to Upgrade any r9 Series Mart to the Current Version (see page 107)
Change the Mart Database Server (see page 114)
Troubleshooting (see page 114)
How to Install and Configure a Sybase Mart
In the previous versions, CA ERwin DM connected to the Mart database through the
database client software. Now, the application connects to the Mart database through a
web server. The database client software is no longer required.
The Mart comprises the following components:
Database
Stores the user data for the Workgroup Edition. You can use a Sybase Adaptive
Server Enterprise 15.0 through 15.7 and SAP Adaptive Server Enterprise 16
database for the Mart database. You must use a new database and not an existing
database that was created for an older version of the data modeling tool.
Applications
Includes a web-based component named CA ERwin Mart Administrator that helps
you manage the Mart through a web console.
Web server
Hosts CA ERwin Mart Administrator. You can use a web server of your choice. If you
have not installed a web server, use the ERwin Mart Server option and install
Tomcat.
If you are using the Workgroup Edition, you must install and configure CA ERwin Mart
Administrator.
Chapter 4: Install and Configure a Sybase Mart 91
How to Install and Configure a Sybase Mart
The following diagram illustrates how to install and configure Mart:
Complete the following steps to install and configure a Mart:
1.
Review the prerequisites for a Sybase Mart (see page 95).
2.
Create a Sybase Database (see page 98).
3.
Install CA ERwin Mart Server (see page 66).
4.
Use MartServer as a Windows Service. (see page 33)
5.
Initialize Mart.
6.
Log in to CA ERwin Mart Administrator and configure settings (see page 36).
92 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
How to Install and Configure a Sybase Mart
Complete the following steps to upgrade a Mart from any earlier release of r9 series to
the latest release:
1.
Review the Prerequisites (see page 41)
2.
Upgrade the Mart Server (see page 42)
3.
Configure the Mart Server (see page 42)
4.
Restart the Mart Server (see page 45)
5.
Log In to CA ERwin Web Admin (see page 46)
Mart Architecture
In the previous versions, CA ERwin DM connected to the Mart database through the
database client software. Now, the application connects to the Mart database through a
web server. The database client software is no longer required. The web server includes
a web-based administration console—CA ERwin Mart Administrator. If you are using the
Workgroup Edition, you must install and configure CA ERwin Mart Administrator.
The Mart comprises the following components:
Database
Stores the user data for the Workgroup Edition. You can use a Sybase Adaptive
Server 15.0 through 15.7 and SAP Adaptive Server Enterprise 16 database for the
Mart database. You must use a new database and not an existing database that was
created for an older version of the data modeling tool.
Applications
Includes a web-based component named CA ERwin Mart Administrator that helps
you manage the Mart through a web console.
Web server
Hosts CA ERwin Mart Administrator. You can use a web server of your choice. If you
have not installed a web server, use the ERwin Mart Server option and install
Tomcat.
Chapter 4: Install and Configure a Sybase Mart 93
How to Install and Configure a Sybase Mart
The following diagram shows the new architecture:
The new architecture has the following benefits:
■
Separate logical and physical users: In the previous versions, Mart (or Model
Manager) users required database level privileges to access the Mart functionality.
The Mart database administrators added or deleted users in the Mart database.
This approach is changed now. The logical users are separated from physical users,
so Mart Administrators can create the Mart users without creating the
corresponding database users.
■
Authentication through Active Directory services: Earlier, if you wanted to provide
access to a user group, you added each user individually. Now, because of the new
architecture, you can use the Active Directory services and can provide access to
the group. Anyone who is part of the group gets access.
■
Mart administration outside CA ERwin Data Modeler: In the previous versions, Mart
Administrators used CA ERwin Data Modeler for administrative activities such as
managing permissions. This required non-modelers to know how to use CA ERwin
Data Modeler. In the new architecture, the administration component is built on a
separate layer on top of CA ERwin Data Modeler and is hosted on a web server.
Mart Administrators can access CA ERwin Web Admin from any computer and can
perform administrative activities through a web console.
94 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
How to Install and Configure a Sybase Mart
Install a Mart or Upgrade a Mart?
Use the following guidelines to determine if you must install a Mart or upgrade a Mart:
■
If you are new to CA ERwin Data Modeler and have purchased the current version
of Workgroup Edition, then install the current version of the Mart. Use the How to
Install and Configure a Mart procedure that is appropriate for your Mart database.
■
If you have any earlier release of r9 series Mart, then upgrade the Mart to the
current version. Use the How to Upgrade any r9 Series Mart to the Current Version
procedure to upgrade your Mart. The models that are created in any earlier release
of r9 series are upgraded when a user connects to the current version Mart and
opens the models.
■
If you have an existing Mart and the version is r7.3 through r8.2.9, install the
current version Mart. Use the How to Install and Configure a Mart procedure that is
appropriate for your Mart database. After installing the Mart, use the Upgrade Mart
utility to upgrade the Mart models from r7.3 through r8.2.9 to the current version.
Review the Prerequisites for a Sybase Mart
Before you install the Mart components, help ensure that the minimum system
requirements that are outlined in this topic are met.
You can use any of the following combinations to install CA ERwin Data Modeler, the
Mart database, and the MartServer application:
■
Install CA ERwin Data Modeler, the Mart database, and the MartServer application
on the same computer.
■
Install CA ERwin Data Modeler, the Mart database, and the MartServer application
on different computers.
■
Install CA ERwin Data Modeler and the Mart database on one computer, and install
the MartServer application on a different computer.
■
Install CA ERwin Data Modeler on one computer, and install the Mart database and
the MartServer application on a different computer.
Help ensure that you always install the MartServer application on the Windows
operating system.
System requirements to install the MartServer application
Hardware requirements (based on physical hardware performance, not a virtual
environment):
■
2 GHZ or higher dual core processor
■
4 GB RAM (8 GB or more for large marts)
■
4 GB of disk space or more as required to support your specific mart
Chapter 4: Install and Configure a Sybase Mart 95
How to Install and Configure a Sybase Mart
Operating system:
■
Microsoft Windows Vista
■
Microsoft Windows Server 2008 SP2
■
Microsoft Windows Server 2003 SP2
■
Microsoft Windows 7
■
Microsoft Windows 8
■
Microsoft Windows 2012
■
Microsoft Windows XP SP3: As Microsoft has dropped support for Windows XP, CA
ERwin Data Modeler will no longer be tested for compatibility with that operating
environment. Should you encounter any problem(s) using CA ERwin Data Modeler
you should first verify that the problem(s) encountered are not related to an
unsupported operating environment before reporting the problem(s) to CA.
Note: CA ERwin Data Modeler is a 32-bit application and is fully compatible with
64-bit operating systems, except for the following known issues:
■
64-bit database drivers and clients will not work with the application. The
workaround is to use 32-bit database drivers and clients in the 64-bit operating
system environment.
■
Running the CA ERwin API in a 64-bit environment requires some changes to
the workstation registry. For more information about changing the registry, see
the CA ERwin Data Modeler WE Implementation and Administration Guide.
■
Microsoft .NET Framework 3.5
■
All current Microsoft Windows critical updates are applied
Database:
■
The Mart Server can use a standalone or can share an existing database server for a
Sybase Adaptive Server Enterprise 15.0 through 15.7 and SAP Adaptive Server
Enterprise 16 database.
■
The dbo role is necessary only during the installation or upgrade. You can revoke
the dbo role for the installer after the installation or upgrade is complete.
(Optional) To use the Korean language, configure the server manually to use Cp949,
Utf8, or eucksc character set. These character sets apply to a 64-bit Windows 7
computer running the Korean language pack. When you configure the server, help
ensure that you perform the following tasks:
1.
Add the language and set it as default.
2.
Select the character set and set it as default.
Note: PC (MS) Korean stands for cp949 character set. Extended Unix Code for
KSC-5601 stands for eucksc character set. Unicode 3.1 UTF-8 Character Set stands
for utf8 character set.
3.
Select the default sort order.
96 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
How to Install and Configure a Sybase Mart
For more information, see the Sybase documentation. Create the Mart database
after you perform the tasks that are mentioned earlier.
CA ERwin Mart Administrator web client:
■
■
Supported browsers:
–
Microsoft Internet Explorer 8® or newer
–
Mozilla Firefox® v.9.0 or newer
–
Google Chrome 14 or newer
–
Apple Safari 5 or newer
Adobe Flash plug-in version 8 or newer for the respective browser
Other requirements
Help ensure that the following additional requirements are met:
■
If you want to use Microsoft IIS as the web server, you have configured it.
■
The DBMS is installed and prepared for creating the Mart Database.
■
The Mart database is created. At least one user with administrator privileges is
present.
■
If you want to add Windows Group users as Mart users, you have the Active
Directory Server details.
Note: You can add Windows Group users as normal Mart users, but not the Mart
administrator. A Mart administrator must be a database-authenticated user.
Important disclaimer notice on all requirements
1.
The requirements that are mentioned previously define the minimum requirements
which permit the application to run with reasonable performance based on a small
business use case scenario. The actual requirements for an enterprise-wide use
case based on larger models and configurations require significantly greater
resources to obtain acceptable performance.
2.
These requirements are based on actual physical hardware (no virtual environment)
and the following assumptions:
■
Minimal to no network overhead (both the database and application servers
are locally installed)
■
Vendor's default install of the current version of their software (with all current
service or fix packs)
■
No other applications sharing the defined hardware configuration (for example,
a “clean” machine)
Any other hardware/software configurations are acceptable as long as they provide
the same (or better) performance characteristics identified.
Chapter 4: Install and Configure a Sybase Mart 97
How to Install and Configure a Sybase Mart
Create a Sybase Database
The DBA and the system administrator responsible for installing the software on a
Sybase database management system perform the following tasks:
1.
Use a graphical user interface (GUI) tool, ISQL (all versions), SQL Administrator,
Sybase Central Java, or Enterprise Manager to create the mart database. If a GUI
tool is not available, use ISQL to type the appropriate commands manually.
Your database must meet the following criteria:
2.
■
The size of the data device you create determines the size of the database. The
minimum database size is 32 MB so there has to be at least one device that is
32 MB. Create the data device on a different disk (and disk controller) than the
transaction log.
■
For optimum performance, verify that separate devices are used to store the
data and the transaction log. For example, you can increase performance by
creating a 50-MB data device and a 25-MB log device. A minimum of 40 MB of
disk space (data and log) is required.
Verify the Stored Procedure Cache.
Set the Stored Procedure Cache size to at least 8 MB. Setting it higher improves
performance, especially when many users are accessing the server concurrently.
Setting it lower results in fatal errors and rollbacks when the Stored Procedure
Cache size is exceeded.
Note: The installation creates more than 100 stored procedures. The client invokes
these stored procedures to control changes to the data in the database.
3.
Verify tempdb size.
Significant temporary space is required for installation and use. The temporary
segments need at least 16 MB of available space. Increase the available space as
the number of concurrent users increase.
4.
Verify the memory allocated to the database server.
Allocate at least 32 MB of RAM to the database server. The amount of RAM
allocated is ideally half of the available RAM on the server.
98 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
How to Install and Configure a Sybase Mart
Transact-SQL Commands
If a graphical DBMS access tool is not available, you can use Transact-SQL commands
through ISQL.
Example: Create a device using the Transact-SQL DISK INIT command through ISQL
DISK INIT NAME = 'mmdata',
/* The logical name. */
PHYSNAME = 'C:\SQL\DATA\mmdata.dat',
/* The physical name. */
VDEVNO = 1<= virtual_device_number => 255
/* System dependent. */
SIZE = number_of_2K_blocks
/* 1024 here is 2MB!!! */
[, VSTART = virtual_address,
/* Optional */
CNTRLTYPE = controller_number]
/* Optional */
Example: Create a database using the Transact-SQL CREATE DATABASE command
through ISQL
CREATE DATABASE mmmaster
[ON {DEFAULT | database_device} [= size_in_megabytes] /* The device created in #1.
*/
[, database_device [= size_in_megabytes]]...]
[LOG ON database device [= size_in_megabytes>]
/* A database can span devices. */
/* Separate log device. */
[, database device [= size_in_megabytes]]...] /* A transaction log can span devices.
*/
Example: Add logins to the database with the sp_addlogin and sp_adduser commands
using Transact-SQL through ISQL
sp_addlogin login_id [, passwd [, defdb [, deflanguage]]]
sp_adduser login_id [, username [, grpname]]
After you execute these commands, the DBA can alias an existing login as the Database
Owner (dbo) or change the dbo to an existing login using sp_changedbowner. Use ISQL
to execute the following:
sp_changedbowner login_id [,true]
Chapter 4: Install and Configure a Sybase Mart 99
How to Install and Configure a Sybase Mart
Install CA ERwin Mart Server
The Mart Server and Mart Admin war files are deployed on a Web server. You can either
use an existing web server, or install the web server through the CA ERwin MartServer
r9.6 Installation Wizard. You must install CA ERwin Mart Server and configure it
regardless of whether you use Mart Server as a Windows service.
Note: Ensure that you have reviewed the Install a Mart or Upgrade a Mart topic before
proceeding.
Follow these steps:
1.
Do one of the following tasks:
■
Insert the installation DVD and select Mart Server Installation.
■
Download the CAEDMMS96.exe file from the online CA Technologies product
page and run it.
The CA ERwin MartServer r9.6 Installation Wizard appears.
2.
Go through the wizard steps to install CA ERwin Mart Server.
Depending on the options you select, CA ERwin Mart Server and/or Java Runtime
Environment (JRE) and Tomcat are installed.
Note: If Java (any version) is already available in the computer and the environment
variable JRE_HOME is set, the installer overwrites JRE_HOME with the new Java
path. The JRE version that is shipped with the installer is 1.8. If a Tomcat web server
is already installed in the computer and the environment variable CATALINA_HOME
is set, the installer replaces CATALINA_HOME with the new path.
3.
From the Windows Start menu, click All Programs, CA, ERwin, ERwin Mart Server
r9.6, Configure MartServer.
The CA ERwin Mart Configuration dialog appears.
Configure the CA ERwin Mart Server
1.
Complete the following fields in the Mart Server tab:
Database Type
Specifies the database server type.
Port No.
Specifies the port number of the database server.
Server Name
Specifies the name of the database server where you have installed the Mart
database. For example, suppose that you are using SQL Server 2008 as the
Mart database. Enter the name of the computer where SQL Server 2008 is
installed.
100 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
How to Install and Configure a Sybase Mart
Instance Name
Specifies the name of the database instance.
Database Name
Specifies the name of the Mart database.
Note: If you are installing the Mart for the first time, use a new database. Do not
use an existing database that was created for r7.3 through r8.2.9 Mart. If you are
upgrading the Mart from any earlier release of r9 series to the latest release, use
the corresponding Mart database.
User Name
Specifies the user name to connect to the Mart database. Enter the name of a
user that is authenticated by the Mart database.
Password
Specifies the password to connect to the Mart database.
Note: The following fields--Domain Controller Name, Domain/User Name, and
Password are required only if you are using the Active Directory authentication. You
can use the Active Directory authentication to initialize the Mart and to log in to CA
ERwin Mart Administrator.
Domain Controller Name
Specifies the fully qualified name of the Active Directory Server (Domain
Controller). Enter the name in the following format:
LDAP://server/distinguished-name
Example: ldap://mktgna:3268/dc=abc, dc=com
Here, mktgna is the server name. You can provide either the name of the
server or the IP address. 3268 is the port number to which the server listens.
dc=abc, dc=com is the distinguished-name. The distinguished name is the full
path of the object.
Note: If you do not know the Domain Controller Name, use the Nltest
command or talk to your System Administrator.
Domain/User Name
Specifies the domain name and user name in the <domain name>/<user name>
format.
Password
Specifies the password of the domain user.
Chapter 4: Install and Configure a Sybase Mart 101
How to Install and Configure a Sybase Mart
Configure CA ERwin Mart Administrator
1.
Enter the following information in the Mart Administrator tab:
Server Name
Specifies the name of the computer where the Web Server is present. For
example, if you are using Tomcat, enter the name of the computer where
Tomcat is installed.
Default: localhost
Port Number
Specifies the port number on which the Web Server is running.
Default: 18170
Application Name
Specifies the application name with which the Web Server is identified.
Default: MartServer
Transport Layer Security
Specifies if you want to connect to the Mart through a secured connection
(SSL). Select this check box if you have implemented SSL.
Hosting Server
Specifies that you want to use the IIS web server to connect to the Mart. Select
this check box only if you have configured IIS.
2.
Click Configure.
The CA ERwin Mart Administrator and the Mart Server are configured.
More information:
Configure IIS Web Server (see page 124)
Implement SSL for IIS (see page 126)
102 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
How to Install and Configure a Sybase Mart
Enable SSL for Tomcat
SSL enables you to access the Mart through a secured connection. You can enable SSL
for Tomcat--the default web server, regardless of whether you are installing the Mart
for the first time, or you are upgrading it from any earlier release of r9 series.
Follow these steps:
1.
If the Mart Server service is running, stop it. From the Windows Start menu, click All
Programs, CA, ERwin, ERwin Mart Server r9.6, Stop MartServer Service to stop the
web server.
2.
From the Windows Start menu, click All Programs, CA, ERwin, ERwin Mart Server
r9.6, Enable SSL for Tomcat Webserver.
SSL is enabled for Tomcat and a security certificate is created. You must install this
security certificate on all the computers from where you want to access the Mart.
3.
From the Windows Start menu, click All Programs, CA, ERwin, ERwin Mart Server
r9.6, Configure MartServer.
The CA ERwin Mart Configuration dialog appears.
4.
Go to the Mart Administrator tab and select the Transport Layer Security check box.
5.
From the Windows Start menu, click All Programs, CA, ERwin, ERwin Mart Server
r9.6, Start Mart Server Service.
6.
From the Windows Start menu, click All Programs, CA, ERwin, ERwin Mart Server
r9.6, CA ERwin Mart Administrator r9.6.
The CA ERwin Mart Administrator home page appears and displays HTTPS in the
address bar. If a certificate error appears, click Proceed Anyway to begin the
session.
Important! If you want to connect to an SSL enabled Mart through API or the Mart
Upgrade utility, you must first install the security certificate on the corresponding
computer. Install the certificate through the data modeling tool. If you do not install the
security certificate, the Mart Upgrade utility and the API will not be able to connect to
the SSL enabled Mart.
Disable SSL and Access the Mart Through a Normal Connection
You can disable SSL at any time and access the Mart through a normal connection.
Follow these steps:
1.
If the Mart Server Service is running, stop it. From the Windows Start menu, click All
Programs, CA, ERwin, ERwin Mart Server r9.6, Stop Mart Server Service.
2.
From the Windows Start menu, click All Programs, CA, ERwin, ERwin Mart Server
r9.6, Disable SSL.
3.
From the Windows Start menu, click All Programs, CA, ERwin, ERwin Mart Server
r9.6, Configure MartServer.
Chapter 4: Install and Configure a Sybase Mart 103
How to Install and Configure a Sybase Mart
The CA ERwin Mart Configuration dialog appears.
4.
Go to the Mart Administrator tab and clear the Transport Layer Security check box.
5.
From the Windows Start menu, click All Programs, CA, ERwin, ERwin Mart Server
r9.6, Start Mart Server Service.
6.
From the Windows Start menu, click All Programs, CA, ERwin, ERwin Mart Server
r9.6, CA ERwin Mart Administrator r9.6.
The CA ERwin Mart Administrator home page appears and displays HTTP in the
address bar.
Use Mart Server as a Windows Service
The current version of the Mart provides two ways to start the web server that hosts
Mart Server:
■
Start the web server manually.
■
Use a Windows service to start the web server.
For example, if you have used Tomcat as the web server to host Mart Server, you can
start Tomcat in two ways:
■
Start Tomcat through the startup.bat file or through a shortcut to this file.
■
Use a Windows service to start Tomcat.
The benefits of using a Windows service to start a web server are as follows:
■
Any user with administrative privileges on a computer can start the Windows
service, whereas, only designated users can start a web server manually.
■
A Windows service runs regardless of whether a user has logged in. A
manually-started web server shuts down when the user who started it logs out.
Follow these steps:
1.
From the Windows Start menu, click All Programs, CA, ERwin, ERwin Mart Server
r9.6, Create MartServer Service to create the MartServer Windows service.
Creating the service is a one-time task. After the service is created, you only have to
start and stop the service.
2.
From the Windows Start menu, click All Programs, CA, ERwin, ERwin Mart Server
r9.6, Start MartServer Service to start the web server.
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Initialize a Sybase Mart
When you access the Mart database through CA ERwin Mart Administrator for the first
time, you must initialize the database. You can initialize the database using a database
authenticated user or a Windows authenticated user.
Note: Before you proceed, verify that you have installed a DBMS, created the Mart
database and run the initial queries. If the Mart is already initialized, the Login page
appears.
Follow these steps:
1.
If you are using MartServer as a Windows service, help ensure that the service is
started. If not, from the Windows Start menu, click All Programs, CA, ERwin, ERwin
Mart Server r9.6, Start Mart Server to start the Mart Server.
A Windows command prompt window appears and indicates when the server
starts.
2.
From the Windows Start menu, click All Programs, CA, ERwin, ERwin Mart Server
r9.6, CA ERwin Mart Administrator r9.6.
CA ERwin Mart Administrator opens in your default browser.
3.
Complete the following fields:
Username
Defines the user name with which you want to access the Mart. If you are using
a Windows-authenticated user, enter the name in the <domain name>/<user
name> format.
Password
Defines the password for the user name.
Confirm Password
Confirms the password that you entered in the previous field.
Email Address
Defines the email address for the user account that you are creating.
4.
Click Initialize.
The user name is added as an administrator of Mart, Mart is initialized, and the
Login web page appears. Initializing is a one-time task. After Mart is initialized, the
user who initialized must log in first. Later, any other user who wants to use CA
ERwin Mart Administrator can log in.
Note: The user name that is entered here is an application level user and not a database
user. Remember the password that you have entered here, because without the
password you cannot log in to CA ERwin Mart Administrator for the first time.
Chapter 4: Install and Configure a Sybase Mart 105
How to Install and Configure a Sybase Mart
Log In to CA ERwin Mart Administrator and Configure Settings
After the Mart is initialized, the user who initialized must log in first. When you log in to
Mart for the first time, configure it per the requirements of your organization. You can
configure the following settings:
■
Default profile for the model creator
■
Use default password
■
Email notification
Follow these steps:
1.
From the Windows Start menu, click All Programs, CA, ERwin, ERwin Mart Server
r9.6, CA ERwin Mart Administrator r9.6.
The CA ERwin Mart Administrator home page appears. If you have implemented
SSL, HTTPS appears in the address bar.
2.
Use the credentials with which you initialized the Mart and log in.
3.
Click Settings.
4.
Complete the following fields:
Default profile for model creator
Specifies the profile that is assigned to a user on a model. This profile is
assigned whenever a user creates a model and saves it to Mart for the first
time. The user inherits the permissions of the default profile selected here on
the model that is saved. For example, suppose that User1 is assigned with
Modeler profile and the System Administrator selects Architect as the default
profile for model creator. If User1 creates Model1 and saves it to Mart, for
Model1, User1 inherits the permissions of Architect. Now, suppose that the
System Administrator selects Viewer as the default profile for model creator,
and suppose that User1 creates Model2 and saves it to Mart. For Model2,
User1 inherits the permissions of Viewer.
Use Default Password
Specifies the default password that you want to use for new users and for
resetting passwords, in the absence of an SMTP server for emails.
Note: Select this option only if you do not have an SMTP server that is configured
for emails.
SMTP host name
Specifies the name of the SMTP host. Enter the name in the mail.domain.com
format. Notification emails are sent from this server.
Port number
Specifies the port number of the SMTP server. The default port number is 25. If
your company is using an alternate port number for the mail server, specify
that port number.
106 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
How to Upgrade any r9 Series Mart to the Current Version
Authenticate
Specifies whether transactions with the SMTP server are authenticated. Select
the check box to authenticate.
User name
Specifies the user name to authenticate the SMTP server. Select the
Authenticate check box to enable authentication.
Password
Specifies the password to authenticate the SMTP server. Select the
Authenticate check box to enable authentication.
Administrator email
Specifies the email ID of the Mart administrator. Notifications to Mart users are
sent from this ID.
No-reply email from
Specifies the email ID from which administrative emails such as the password
reset email are sent.
5.
Click Save.
Mart options are configured.
You have installed and configured CA ERwin DM Mart.
How to Upgrade any r9 Series Mart to the Current
Version
If you are using any earlier release of r9 series and you want to upgrade it to the latest
release, upgrade the Mart Server and the Mart database. The Mart server program is
upgraded, so you must implement the upgraded software.
Important! The current Mart is designed to work with only the current version of CA
ERwin Data Modeler. If you try to connect the current Mart with an older version CA
ERwin Data Modeler such as r9.0.0, it may corrupt the Mart and cause unexpected
behavior.
Chapter 4: Install and Configure a Sybase Mart 107
How to Upgrade any r9 Series Mart to the Current Version
The following diagram illustrates how System Administrators can upgrade a Mart from
any earlier release of r9 series to the latest release:
Complete the following tasks to upgrade a Mart of any earlier release of r9 series to the
latest release:
1.
Review the prerequisites. (see page 41)
2.
Upgrade the Mart Server (see page 42).
3.
Configure the Mart Server (see page 42).
4.
Restart the Mart Server service. (see page 45)
5.
Log In to CA ERwin Web Admin (see page 46).
Review the Prerequisites
Review the following prerequisites before you start the upgrade process:
If the Mart database is an Oracle database, the default tablespaces that were used for
initializing the any earlier release of r9 series Mart are available for the latest release.
108 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
How to Upgrade any r9 Series Mart to the Current Version
Upgrade the Mart Server
If you are upgrading a Mart from any earlier release of r9 series to the latest release,
upgrade the Mart Server.
Note: See the Install a Mart or Upgrade a Mart topic before proceeding.
Follow these steps:
1.
If you are running MartServer as a Windows service, stop the service.
Note: If you upgrade the Mart Server without stopping the service, Mart Server
may not start after you complete the upgrade process.
2.
Download and run the CAEDMMS96.exe file from the CA Support site.
The CA ERwin Mart Server r9.6.0 Install Shield Wizard dialog appears.
3.
Follow the wizard.
The Mart Server is upgraded.
4.
Restart your computer.
Configure the Mart Server
To connect to the latest Mart, you must configure the Mart Server. Use the same
database that you have used for the r9.0.0 Mart (or any earlier release of r9 series
Mart).
Note: See the Upgrade Considerations topic before proceeding.
Chapter 4: Install and Configure a Sybase Mart 109
How to Upgrade any r9 Series Mart to the Current Version
Follow these steps:
1.
From the Windows Start menu, click All Programs, CA, ERwin, ERwin Mart Server
r9.6, Configure MartServer.
The CA ERwin Mart Configuration dialog appears.
Configure the CA ERwin Mart Server
1.
Complete the following fields in the Mart Server tab:
Database Type
Specifies the database server type.
Port No.
Specifies the port number of the database server.
Server Name
Specifies the name of the database server where you have installed the Mart
database. For example, suppose that you are using SQL Server 2008 as the
Mart database. Enter the name of the computer where SQL Server 2008 is
installed.
Instance Name
Specifies the name of the database instance.
Database Name
Specifies the name of the Mart database.
Note: If you are installing the Mart for the first time, use a new database. Do not
use an existing database that was created for r7.3 through r8.2.9 Mart. If you are
upgrading the Mart from any earlier release of r9 series to the latest release, use
the corresponding Mart database.
User Name
Specifies the user name to connect to the Mart database. Enter the name of a
user that is authenticated by the Mart database.
110 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
How to Upgrade any r9 Series Mart to the Current Version
Password
Specifies the password to connect to the Mart database.
Note: The following fields--Domain Controller Name, Domain/User Name, and
Password are required only if you are using the Active Directory authentication. You
can use the Active Directory authentication to initialize the Mart and to log in to CA
ERwin Mart Administrator.
Domain Controller Name
Specifies the fully qualified name of the Active Directory Server (Domain
Controller). Enter the name in the following format:
LDAP://server/distinguished-name
Example: ldap://mktgna:3268/dc=abc, dc=com
Here, mktgna is the server name. You can provide either the name of the
server or the IP address. 3268 is the port number to which the server listens.
dc=abc, dc=com is the distinguished-name. The distinguished name is the full
path of the object.
Note: If you do not know the Domain Controller Name, use the Nltest
command or talk to your System Administrator.
Domain/User Name
Specifies the domain name and user name in the <domain name>/<user name>
format.
Password
Specifies the password of the domain user.
Configure CA ERwin Mart Administrator
1.
Enter the following information in the Mart Administrator tab:
Server Name
Specifies the name of the computer where the Web Server is present. For
example, if you are using Tomcat, enter the name of the computer where
Tomcat is installed.
Default: localhost
Port Number
Specifies the port number on which the Web Server is running.
Default: 18170
Chapter 4: Install and Configure a Sybase Mart 111
How to Upgrade any r9 Series Mart to the Current Version
Application Name
Specifies the application name with which the Web Server is identified.
Default: MartServer
Transport Layer Security
Specifies if you want to connect to the Mart through a secured connection
(SSL). Select this check box if you have implemented SSL.
Hosting Server
Specifies that you want to use the IIS web server to connect to the Mart. Select
this check box only if you have configured IIS.
2.
Click Configure.
The CA ERwin Mart Administrator and the Mart Server are configured.
Restart the Mart Server Service
When you modify the details of the Mart Server and Mart Administration programs,
restart the Mart Server service.
Follow these steps:
1.
From the Windows Start menu, click All Programs, CA, ERwin, ERwin Mart Server
r9.6, Stop MartServer Service to stop the Mart Server service.
2.
From the Windows Start menu, click All Programs, CA, ERwin, ERwin Mart Server
r9.6, Start MartServer Service to start the Mart Server service.
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How to Upgrade any r9 Series Mart to the Current Version
Log In to CA ERwin Mart Administrator
Log in to CA ERwin Mart Administrator to verify if you have successfully upgraded the
Mart Server from any earlier release of r9 series to the latest release.
Follow these steps:
1.
From the Windows Start menu, click All Programs, CA, ERwin, ERwin Mart Server
r9.6, CA ERwin Mart Administrator r9.6.
The CA ERwin Mart Administrator log in page appears. If you have implemented
SSL, HTTPS appears in the address bar.
2.
Use the credentials with which you initialized the Mart and log in.
The CA ERwin Mart Administrator home page appears.
The models that are created in any earlier release of r9 series are upgraded when a user
connects to the latest release Mart and opens the models.
Chapter 4: Install and Configure a Sybase Mart 113
Change the Mart Database Server
Change the Mart Database Server
Sometimes, you may change the server on which the Mart database is installed, or you
may restore the Mart database with a new name. When there is a change the server
name or database name, reconfigure the MartServer.
Follow these steps:
1.
Back up your Mart database.
2.
Restore the database on the designated server.
3.
If you use the same computer for Mart Server and restore the database in a
different name, include the new database name in the CA ERwin Mart
Configuration dialog.
From the Windows Start menu, open the CA ERwin Mart Configuration dialog. In
the Mart Server tab, Database Name field, enter the new name with which the
database is restored. Enter the current user name and password to access the
database. If wrong information is provided here, you may be able to install the
Mart, but you cannot log in and cannot use it.
4.
If you use a different computer for Mart Server and restore the database in the
same name, install the Mart Server on the new computer.
Use the Install CA ERwin Mart Server procedure and install the Mart Server. In the
Mart Server tab, Server Name field, enter the name of the new server where the
database is restored. Enter the current user name and password to access the
database. If wrong information is provided here, you may be able to install the
Mart, but you cannot log in and cannot use it.
5.
Stop the MartServer service and start it again.
6.
From the Windows Start menu, click All Programs, CA, ERwin, ERwin Mart Server
r9.6, CA ERwin Mart Administrator r9.6.
Enter the credentials of the Mart administrator and log in.
Troubleshooting
This section explains the errors that you can encounter while installing and configuring
Mart, and how you can troubleshoot them.
Note: The Mart Server log files are available in the following location:
Windows XP: {user.home}/Local Settings/Application Data/CA/ERwin Mart
Server/logs/application.log
Windows 7: {user.home}/AppData/Local/CA/ERwin Mart Server/logs/application.log
114 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
Troubleshooting
Port out of range
Symptom:
Whenever I connect to the web server, I get the following error message:
java.lang.IllegalArgumentException: port out of range 80821.
Solution:
Type the correct port number in the Configure CA ERwin Mart Administrator’s Server
dialog and then restart your web server.
Call failed on the server
Symptom:
When I try to connect to the Mart server, I get the following error:
500 The call failed on the server; see server log for details
Solution:
The probable reasons for this error could be one of the following reasons:
■
The server name is not correct.
■
The application name is not correct. By default, the application name is MartServer
and it is case-sensitive.
Type the correct server name and application name in the CA ERwin Mart
Administrator’s Server dialog and the Configure MartServer Details dialog. Restart the
web server.
Chapter 4: Install and Configure a Sybase Mart 115
Troubleshooting
Application Internal Error
Symptom:
When I try to connect to the database, I get the following error:
Application Internal Error
Solution
You get this error when the MartServer application is unable to connect to the required
database. The following reasons are probable for this error:
■
The database details that are provided in the Configure MartServer Details dialog
are incorrect.
■
The username and the password for the database are incorrect.
■
The database is not present.
■
The port number for the database is incorrect.
■
The network is down.
Ensure that you enter the correct details of your database in the Mart Server tab of the
CA ERwin Mart Configuration dialog.
ORA-12514 TNS listener does not currently know of service requested
in connect descriptor
Symptom:
When I try to open the CA ERwin Mart Administrator page, I get the Application Internal
Error. The Tomcat windows shows the following error message:
ORA-12514, TNS:listener does not currently know of service requested in connect
descriptor
Solution:
Use a fully qualified instance name when starting the Mart Server.
116 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
Troubleshooting
Mart already exists. Specify another database name
Symptom:
When I try to connect to the Mart, I get the following error message:
An earlier mart is already present in the database you are trying to initialize. This
process can not be continued. Please specify another database name to continue.
Solution:
You get this error when you connect to an old Mart that you have used for CA ERwin DM
Release r7 series, r8 series, or Beta release of any r9 series release.
Create a database and provide its details in the Configure MartServer Details dialog.
Initialize page is not loading in Internet Explorer
Symptom:
When I type the URL to initialize my Mart in Internet Explorer, the Initialize Mart page is
taking a long time to load.
Solution:
The Initialize Mart page does not load because the Active Scripting option in Internet
Explorer is disabled.
To enable Active Scripting, follow these steps:
1.
In Internet Explorer, click Tools, Internet Options.
2.
In the Security tab, click the Custom Level button.
The Security Settings – Local Intranet Zone window opens.
3.
From the list of options, locate Scripting, Active Scripting, and select Enable. Click
OK.
4.
Restart Internet Explorer and enter the URL to initialize Mart.
The Mart Initialize page opens.
Chapter 4: Install and Configure a Sybase Mart 117
Troubleshooting
The Tomcat server is not starting properly. The Configure button is
disabled.
Symptom:
My administrator has given me the Administrator rights and when I start the Tomcat
server, I get a series of errors. Also, I cannot click the Configure button in the
configuration dialog because it is disabled.
Solution:
Right-click Start Server, and click Run as Administrator.
The Tomcat server starts without any error, and the configuration button is enabled.
A connection with the server could not be established
Symptom:
When I try to connect to the web server from CA ERwin Data Modeler, I get the
following error message:
A connection with the server could not be established
Solution:
Verify that you have provided the correct port number and then reconnect to the web
server.
The server name or address could not be resolved
Symptom:
When I try to connect to the web server from CA ERwin Data Modeler, I get the
following error message:
The server name or address could not be resolved
Solution:
Verify that the server name where the web server is installed is correct and then
reconnect to the server.
Note: If CA ERwin Data Modeler and the web server are installed on the same
computer, you can give the server name as localhost. Suppose that CA ERwin Data
Modeler and the web server are installed on different computers. The server name is
the name of the computer where the web server is installed.
118 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
Troubleshooting
Invalid user ID or password
Symptom:
When I try to connect to the server, I get the following error message:
Invalid user ID or password. Please try again to login.
Solution:
Type the correct user name and password.
Note: The user must be an application level user and not a database user.
Error 12029
Symptom:
When I connect to the web server, I get the following error message:
Error 12029
Solution:
Restart the web server.
Unable to load the web page from my web browser
Symptom:
When I type the URL in Internet Explorer or Google Chrome to connect to the web
server, I get the following error messages:
For Internet Explorer
Internet Explorer cannot display the webpage
For Google Chrome
Oops! Google Chrome could not connect to localhost:18170
Solution:
Restart the web server.
Chapter 4: Install and Configure a Sybase Mart 119
Troubleshooting
Test connection failed
Symptom:
When I use the Mart Upgrade utility on a 64-bit computer and upgrade a r7.3 through
r8.2.9 Mart to r9.0.0 through r9.6.0 Mart, I get the following message:
Test connection failed
Solution:
CA ERwin DM is a 32-bit application. When you try to upgrade to r9.0.0 through r9.6.0
Mart on a 64-bit computer, the COM components do not work.
Follow these steps:
1.
Paste the code included at the bottom of this topic to a Notepad file and name it as
64_Bit_Upgrade.reg. Note down the folder where you have created this file.
120 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
Troubleshooting
2.
After installing CA ERwin DM version 9.0.0 through 9.6.0, right-click
64_Bit_Upgrade.reg and select Merge.
3.
From the Windows Start menu, go to Run and type the following commands to
re-register the EAL components:
regsvr32.exe
"<Install Dir>\CA\ERwin Data Modeler r9\EAL.dll"
regsvr32.exe
"<Install Dir>\CA\ERwin Data Modeler r9\
Upgrade\R8_Binaries\EAL.dll".
4.
Right-click 64_Bit_Upgrade.reg and select Merge again.
You can now upgrade to version 9.0.0 through 9.6.0 Mart on a 64-bit computer.
64_Bit_Upgrade.reg
Copy the following code and paste it to a new Notepad file:
Windows Registry Editor Version 5.00
[HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\Wow6432Node\CLSID\{9527D0BA-ED75-4b0e-BF4B-E35565DE9852}]
@="CA ERwin Data Modeler Script Client API"
"AppID"="{9527D0BA-ED75-4b0e-BF4B-E35565DE9852}"
[HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\Wow6432Node\AppID\{9527D0BA-ED75-4b0e-BF4B-E35565DE9852}]
"DllSurrogate"=""
[HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\Wow6432Node\CLSID\{40FDB0E6-D772-455d-B1C8-83CE79445403}]
@="CA ERwin Data Modeler Script Client API Property Bag"
"AppID"="{40FDB0E6-D772-455d-B1C8-83CE79445403}"
[HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\Wow6432Node\AppID\{40FDB0E6-D772-455d-B1C8-83CE79445403}]
"DllSurrogate"=""
[HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\Wow6432Node\CLSID\{6774E2C3-06E9-4943-A8D4-E3007AB1F42E}]
@="CA ERwin Data Modeler Script Client API"
"AppID"="{6774E2C3-06E9-4943-A8D4-E3007AB1F42E}"
[HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\Wow6432Node\AppID\{6774E2C3-06E9-4943-A8D4-E3007AB1F42E}]
"DllSurrogate"=""
[HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\Wow6432Node\CLSID\{7D7B1602-9832-4ac6-A224-F0092FAF0D7E}]
@="CA ERwin Data Modeler Script Client API Property Bag"
"APPID"="{7D7B1602-9832-4ac6-A224-F0092FAF0D7E}"
Chapter 4: Install and Configure a Sybase Mart 121
Troubleshooting
[HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\Wow6432Node\AppID\{7D7B1602-9832-4ac6-A224-F0092FAF0D7E}]
"DllSurrogate"=""
[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Classes\AppID\{9527D0BA-ED75-4b0e-BF4B-E35565DE9852}
]
[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Classes\AppID\{40FDB0E6-D772-455d-B1C8-83CE79445403}
]
[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Classes\AppID\{6774E2C3-06E9-4943-A8D4-E3007AB1F42E}
]
[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Classes\AppID\{7D7B1602-9832-4ac6-A224-F0092FAF0D7E}
]
Internet Explorer Redirects to a Different Link
Symptom:
Suppose that I install CA ERwin Mart Server on a fresh machine. If I enable the SSL
option and I invoke CA ERwin Mart Administrator, Internet Explorer redirects the page
to res://ieframe.dll//.
Solution:
Internet Explorer versions 8 through 10 have a security enhancement that blocks the
following types of sites:
■
Sites that have self-signed certificates
■
Sites that have self-signed certificates where the certificate does not match the URL
Follow any of these steps:
■
Install the certificate in the Trusted Root Certification Authorities store.
■
Add the site to trusted sites.
■
Set the Internet Explorer Security level to Medium Low.
122 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
Troubleshooting
I have a very long Windows user name and I cannot log in to the Mart
through CA ERwin Data Modeler
Symptom:
I have added a very long Windows user name similar to "Magdalena.Chalamalasetti"
using the Mart Administrator. When the user tries to log in to the Mart through CA
ERwin Data Modeler, the name is truncated to "US\Magdalena.Chalamas" and the user
cannot log in.
Solution:
The name is truncated due to a limitation with Windows. The Windows API returns the
legacy user name that is limited to 20 characters. If the length of a user name exceeds
20 characters, for example, "US\Magdalena.Chalamalasetti", the name is displayed as
"US\Magdalena.Chalamas" in the Connect to Mart dialog.
You can resolve this in one of the following ways:
■
Type the first 20 characters of the user name when you add the user as a Windows
User, in the Mart Administrator. For example, instead of typing
"US\Magdalena.Chalamalasetti", type "US\Magdalena.Chalamalas".
■
Use a Windows Group instead of the user's domain name. Using your Windows
domain controller software, add the user to a Windows Group, and then add the
group as a User Group in the Mart Administrator. For more information about how
to add a User Group, see CA ERwin Data Modeler r9 Workgroup Edition: Support for
Directory Services video.
Chapter 5: Prepare to Use IIS with
Mart
If you want to use Microsoft Internet Information Services (IIS) as the web server,
configure it before deploying Mart Server.
Chapter 5: Prepare to Use IIS with Mart 123
Configure IIS Web Server
Configure IIS Web Server
The Mart Server is built using Java technology. Therefore, if you want to connect to
Mart through IIS, configure IIS to use the JK ISAPI redirector plugin. Using this plugin, IIS
sends servlet and JSP requests to Tomcat.
Note: This procedure describes how to configure IIS 6.0 for Microsoft Windows Server®
Enterprise 2008. For more information about configuring other versions of IIS for other
operating systems, see the respective vendor documentation.
Follow these steps:
1.
Help ensure that Tomcat is working properly. Open a browser and type the
following in the Address bar:
http://<servername>:18170/MartAdmin
The default Tomcat home page appears. <servername> is the name of the
computer where you have installed Tomcat. 18170 is the default port number
where Tomcat is running. If you are using a different port number, use that port
number here. In addition, help ensure that the port number you are using is
included in the server.xml file. Typically, the server.xml file is available in the
<Tomcat_Home>/conf folder.
2.
Install IIS.
For more information about how to install IIS on Windows Server 2008, see
Microsoft documentation.
3.
Create a folder, for example Native_IIS on the computer where you have installed
IIS. Download the isapi_redirect.dll file for Windows from the Apache Tomcat
website and copy to Native_IIS. If the name of the DLL file is not isapi_redirect.dll,
rename it.
4.
Create the workers.properties, isapi_redirect.properties, uniworkers.properties,
uriworkermap.properties, and isapi_redirect.reg files in the Native_IIS folder.
Note: See the Appendix for sample workers.properties, uniworkers.properties,
isapi_redirect.reg, isapi_redirect.properties, and uriworkermap.properties files.
5.
Create a folder named Logs under Native_IIS. Create two empty files— isapi.log and
isapi_redirect.log under Logs.
6.
Go to the Native_IIS folder, right-click the isapi_redirect.reg file, and click Merge.
7.
Click Yes on the message.
The registry file is updated.
8.
Follow these steps and create an IIS filter for the DLL placed in Step 5:
a.
From the Windows Start menu, click Run, and then type inetmgr.
The Internet Information Services (IIS) Manager window opens.
b.
Click the computer name and expand Sites.
124 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
Configure IIS Web Server
c.
Right-click Default WebSite and select Add Virtual Directory.
The Add Virtual Directory dialog appears.
d.
Enter jakarta for Alias. Enter the path for the isapi_redirect.dll file in the
Physical Path field and click OK.
e.
Click Default Web Site.
f.
Double-click ISAPI filters and click Add under Action.
g.
Enter Tomcat for Filter name. Enter the path for the isapi_redirect.dll file in the
Executables field.
h.
Click OK and the new ISAPI filter is added.
i.
Click Default Web Site and then double-click Handler Mappings.
j.
Click Edit Features and Permissions.
The Edit Features and Permissions dialog opens.
k.
Select Execute and then click OK.
l.
Click the computer name and then double-click ISAPI and CGI Restrictions.
m. Click Add under Actions.
9.
n.
Select the path for the isapi_redirect.dll file in the ISAPI or CGI Path field.
o.
Select Allow extension path to execute and then click OK.
Restart the IIS web server.
10. Stop the MartServer service and start it again.
Note: See the Appendix for sample workers.properties, uniworkers.properties,
isapi_redirect.reg, isapi_redirect.properties, and uriworkermap.properties files.
Chapter 5: Prepare to Use IIS with Mart 125
Implement SSL for IIS
Implement SSL for IIS
If you have deployed Mart Server on IIS, you can implement SSL on IIS. SSL lets you
access the Mart through a secured connection.
Note: This procedure describes how to enable SSL for IIS 6.0. If you are using a different
version of IIS, see the relevant document on the Microsoft website for more information
about installing IIS.
Follow these steps:
1.
Open Internet Information Services (IIS) Manager.
2.
Double-click Server Certificates and then click Create Self-Signed Certificate.
3.
Enter a name for the certificate and click OK.
4.
Right-click Default Web Site and click Edit Bindings.
5.
Click Add and select https in the Type drop-down menu.
6.
Select the certificate name that you have added in the SSL Certificate drop-down
menu and click OK.
7.
Select Default Web Site and then double-click SSL Settings.
8.
Select the Require SSL check box and click Apply.
9.
Restart IIS and then restart Tomcat.
Note: If the validity of the certificate expires, create another certificate.
Chapter 6: How to Upgrade Mart
Models
Earlier, when you upgraded to a new version of CA ERwin DM, only the schema was
upgraded. To upgrade your models, you opened each model in the new version. This
process took much of your time, especially when you had to upgrade large models.
From CA ERwin DM Version 9.0, upgrading models is automated through the Upgrade
Mart utility. The utility lets you upgrade not just models, but users, profiles, and
permissions too. In addition, the utility also lets you upgrade to a different database.
126 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
Implement SSL for IIS
If your source Mart version is release 7.0 through 7.3.12, the upgrade happens in two
stages. First, the Mart is upgraded to the current release of 8.0 (for example, 8.2.6) and
then it is upgraded to the current release of 9.0 (for example, 9.2). The existing upgrade
process is used to upgrade from a lower version to the current release of 8.0. After the
source Mart is brought up to the current release of 8.0, the new Upgrade Mart utility is
used to upgrade to the current release of 9.0. In the new Upgrade Mart utility, you must
select the models that you want to upgrade.
Note: The Upgrade Mart utility is available only if you install it while installing CA ERwin
DM.
The Upgrade Mart utility lets you upgrade models in several ways. You can choose the
best way that helps you get started with your work quickly. Upgrade models in one of
the following ways:
■
Upgrade the top ‘n’ versions.
■
Upgrade only the marked versions.
■
Upgrade all marked versions and top 'n' versions.
■
Upgrade all the versions of all the models.
Regardless of the option you select, you can start working on a model after the model is
upgraded. You do not need to wait until all the models are upgraded.
The Upgrade Mart utility lets you pause the process any time and start again. When you
pause, the utility completes upgrading the current model before stopping. When you
restart the upgrade process, the utility continues from the point it had stopped. The
utility then displays the models that are not yet upgraded in the list of models that you
had selected.
The following diagram illustrates how you upgrade models:
Chapter 6: How to Upgrade Mart Models 127
Review the Prerequisites
Complete the following tasks to upgrade Mart models:
1.
Review the prerequisites. (see page 128)
2.
Select the working directory. (see page 130)
3.
Enter the source Mart details. (see page 131)
4.
Enter the destination Mart details. (see page 132)
5.
Select the data to upgrade. (see page 133)
6.
Select upgrade options. (see page 135)
7.
Select models. (see page 137)
8.
View the upgrade status. (see page 139)
Review the Prerequisites
Review the following prerequisites:
■
The models in the source Mart do not have any locks.
■
CA ERwin DM release 9.6.0 Mart is installed.
■
A minimum of 2-GB space is available on the drive on which you select the working
directory.
128 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
Review the Prerequisites
■
Prerequisites for the computer on which you run the upgrade process are as
follows:
–
The operating system is 32-bit. If you are using a 64-bit operating system and
the application does not work, see the KB article about this issue.
–
A licensed copy of CA ERwin DM Workgroup Edition release 8..0 through 8.2.9
is available.
Note: If you are using CA ERwin DM Workgroup Edition release 8.0 or 8.1, copy
the license as follows:
For Windows XP and Windows 2003
Copy from: C:\Documents and Settings\<user id>\Local
Settings\Application Data\CA\ERwin Data Modeler\8.0
Copy to: C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Application Data\CA\ERwin
Data Modeler\8
For Windows 7 and Windows 2008
Copy from: C:\Users\<user id>\AppData\Local\CA\ERwin Data Modeler\8.0
Copy to: C:\ProgramData\CA\ERwin Data Modeler\8
■
–
If you are upgrading from CA ERwin DM release 7, you must first upgrade to CA
ERwin DM release 8. You must have the initializer license for CA ERwin DM
Workgroup Edition release 8.0. The initializer license is copied to the license
folders mentioned earlier. If you do not have a license, click this link to request
it.
–
The 32-bit database client for the source Mart database is installed. For
example, for a Microsoft SQL Server Mart, install the SQL Server Native Client
on the computer that is designated to run the upgrade process.
–
You have Read/Write privileges on the C:\ drive, because log files are written to
the root of C:\ drive.
–
The port 18170 must be open on the Mart server host machine, network, and
ERwin client machine. Also, ports 8009 and 8005 must be open on the Mart
server host machine.
If your destination Mart is a SQL Server database, follow these prerequisites:
–
The source Mart users must exist in both the database level security and SQL
Server level security.
–
The User Name that you enter in the Source Mart Details dialog must have the
securityadmin or sysadmin server role.
Note: A user that has only the public role can use MartUpgrade, but cannot upgrade
the users.
Chapter 6: How to Upgrade Mart Models 129
Select the Working Directory
Paper Size Considerations When You Upgrade to This Release
Suppose that you have created a model using the r7.0 through r7.3.12 version and you
have set the page size to other than Letter. Set this and other printer specifications in
the Printer Properties dialog as well and save the model. Otherwise, you must reset
your paper size in the Page Setup Editor after you upgrade to this release.
Follow these steps:
1.
Click File, Print and the Print dialog opens.
2.
Click Page Setup and the Page Setup Editor opens.
3.
Select the options for printing on the General and Margin tabs and then click Save
to Diagram.
Your selections are saved with the diagram. Click the Load from Diagram button to
recall your saved settings, or refresh the editor with your saved settings.
Select the Working Directory
Working directory is the folder where the configuration and log files are stored. This
directory is continuously used during the Mart upgrade process. You can use the same
working directory to upgrade all your models, or you can use a different directory for a
different set of models. However, we recommend that you use the same working
directory for all your models.
If you pause the upgrade process and continue later, you can select the same working
directory. If you select the same working directory, all the details you have previously
entered are populated, except for the password. You cannot change the details.
Follow these steps:
1.
From the Windows Start menu, open the Upgrade Mart utility.
The Mart Upgrade dialog appears.
2.
Select a folder on a drive that has a minimum of 2-GB free space.
The message, If your source Mart version is release 7.0 through 7.3.12, you must
first upgrade it to the current release of 8.0. Click Yes to upgrade appears.
3.
If your source Mart is CA ERwin DM 7.0 through 7.3.12, click Yes.
The Connection Manager dialog appears.
a.
Enter the details that are required to connect to the source Mart. Click
Connect.
The Mart dialog appears.
130 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
Enter the Source Mart Details
b.
Click Update.
The source Mart is upgraded to CA ERwin DM the current release of 8.0.
c.
Click Close.
The current wizard closes and the Upgrade Wizard appears. The Upgrade
Wizard lets you upgrade from any release of 8.0 (for example, 8.2.6) to the
current release of 9.0 (for example, 9.2).
4.
If your source Mart is any release of CA ERwin DM 8.0, click No.
The Upgrade Wizard appears.
Enter the Source Mart Details
When you upgrade Mart, CA ERwin DM connects to your existing Mart to get your
models. Provide your existing Mart information, including the user credentials. If you
restart the upgrade process and select an existing working directory, the details you
have selected previously are populated, except the password. You cannot change the
details.
Note: If your source Mart is CA ERwin DM release 7.0 through 7.3.12, enter the same
details that you provided in the Connection Manager dialog.
Follow these steps:
1.
In the Upgrade Wizard, click Source Mart Details.
2.
Complete the following fields:
Database Type
Specifies the type of Mart database.
Server
Specifies the server on which the source Mart is hosted. This parameter is not
valid for Oracle.
Database
Specifies the database on which the source Mart is hosted. This parameter is
not valid for Oracle.
Connection String
Specifies the connection string that is required to connect to a database. This
parameter is valid only for Oracle.
Chapter 6: How to Upgrade Mart Models 131
Enter the Destination Mart Details
Authentication
Specifies the type of authentication you use to connect to Mart.
User Name
Specifies the user name to connect to Mart.
Password
Specifies the password to connect to Mart.
3.
Click Test Connection.
If the data that you have provided is valid, a message appears that the connection is
successful. If the connection fails, enter valid data and test again.
Enter the Destination Mart Details
The Upgrade Mart utility converts models from CA ERwin DM 7.0 through 7.3.12 to the
current release of 9.0 (for example, 9.2). The destination Mart is the current release of
9.0 Mart and the Mart database can be any database. For example, if your source Mart
database is Microsoft SQL Server, the destination Mart database can be Oracle 11g.
At any time if you restart the upgrade process and select an existing working directory,
the details you have selected previously are populated. The password is not populated.
Follow these steps:
1.
On Upgrade Wizard, click Destination Mart Details.
2.
Complete the following fields:
Server Name
Defines the name of the web server where you have installed the Mart.
Application Name
Defines the application name of the Mart that you want to connect to.
Default: MartServer
Port No.
Specifies the port number to access the web server.
132 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
Select the Data to Upgrade
Use IIS
Specifies that you want to use IIS to connect to Mart. This check box is available
only if you have configured IIS.
Use SSL
Specifies that you want to connect to the destination Mart through a secured
connection. Select this check box only if you have implemented SSL on the
destination Mart.
Authentication
Specifies the type of authentication you want to use.
User Name
Defines the name of the user.
Password
Defines the password of the user.
3.
Click Test Connection.
If the data that you have provided is valid, a message appears that the connection is
successful. If the connection fails, enter valid data and test again.
Select the Data to Upgrade
The Upgrade Mart utility lets you upgrade not just models, but users, profiles, and
permissions too. Select the objects that you want to upgrade, including the versions of
models.
Note: Suppose that your source Mart version is CA ERwin DM release 7.0 through
7.3.12, and you complete upgrading it to the current release of 8.0. You must still select
the models that you want to upgrade to the current version.
You can upgrade models in the following ways:
■
Upgrade the top ‘n’ versions.
■
Upgrade only the marked versions.
■
Upgrade all marked versions and top 'n' versions.
■
Upgrade all the versions of all the models.
Choose the best way that helps you get started with your work quickly.
Chapter 6: How to Upgrade Mart Models 133
Select the Data to Upgrade
The time that is taken to upgrade models depends on the number of models and
number of versions of models present in your Mart. If you choose to upgrade only
selected versions, the Upgrade Mart utility first upgrades the selected versions and then
the remaining versions.
If you restart the upgrade process and select the same working directory, the details you
have selected previously are populated, except for the password.
Follow these steps:
1.
On Upgrade Wizard, click Data to Upgrade.
2.
Complete the following fields:
Upgrade Users
Specifies that you want to upgrade users. The users are upgraded and the
passwords of Server and Windows users are left blank. The upgraded users are
assigned to their corresponding models and versions as owners. If users are not
upgraded, the owners for models and versions are left blank. After the users
are upgraded, open CA ERwin Mart Administrator and for each user, enter the
email ID and reset the password.
Upgrade Models
Specifies that you want to upgrade models.
Note: You can upgrade models only if users and profiles are upgraded.
Upgrade Profiles
Specifies that you want to upgrade profiles. If a profile matches with a profile in
the source Mart, the corresponding profile available in the current release is
used. If a profile does not match with any profile in the source Mart, then it is
created.
Upgrade Permissions
Specifies that you want to upgrade permissions. Permissions are upgraded only
if users, models, and profiles are upgraded.
Note: Subject Area-level permissions are ignored when you upgrade
permissions to the current release.
134 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
Select Upgrade Options
To Select the Top 'n' Versions
Selective
Specifies that you want to upgrade the selected versions first.
No. of Top Versions to Upgrade
Specifies the number of top versions that you want to upgrade. Only those
versions are selected from your Mart that are not marked versions and are not
deleted. These models are upgraded first and then the remaining models are
upgraded.
Note: To upgrade only the marked versions of all models, enter zero for No. of Top
Versions to Upgrade.
To Select the All the Marked Versions
All Marked Versions
Specifies that you want to upgrade the all the marked versions. If you specify
the number of top versions to upgrade, all the marked versions are upgraded
first and then the top n versions are upgraded.
To Select All the Versions
All
Specifies that you want to upgrade all the versions. In the first iteration, the
newest versions of all models are upgraded. In the next iteration, the
next-newest versions are upgraded. This process goes on until all the versions
are upgraded.
Select Upgrade Options
If you are upgrading from CA ERwin DM Version 7.0 through 7.3.12, you can select the
upgrade options for the main subject areas and transforms. If you restart the upgrade
process and select an existing working directory, the details that you have selected
previously are populated automatically.
Follow these steps:
1.
On Upgrade Wizard, click Upgrade Options.
2.
Complete the fields. The following fields are not self-explanatory:
Keep the Main Subject Area
Specifies that you want to keep the main subject area.
Chapter 6: How to Upgrade Mart Models 135
Select Upgrade Options
Keep the Diagrams for the Main Subject Area
Specifies that you want to keep the diagrams for the main subject area.
TimeOut (in Min)
Specifies the time for which the utility waits for the following events:
■
Open an older version of the model and save it to disk: If a model version is
not saved to disk in this time, this thread of the process is relaunched and
the next model is saved.
■
Open a version of a model and save it to the latest release of 9.0 Mart: If a
model is not saved in this time, the utility relaunches this thread of the
process.
Default: 60 minutes
Retries for a Model
Specifies the number of times the utility tries to open a model version. For
example, suppose that you set the value of this parameter as 3. If a model
version does not load within the time specified in the TimeOut field, the utility
tries to open it again. The utility tries this three times; if it is still not successful,
then it moves on to the next model version.
Export Library Name
Specifies a library in the destination Mart, where you want to copy the
upgraded models. Use this option if you want to copy the upgraded libraries to
a specific library. If no name is provided, the libraries are copied in the root of
Mart.
Threads for Loading
Specifies the number of threads that you want your computer to use to
upgrade the models.
Note: The computer on which you run the upgrade process must have a
minimum of 3 GB free memory to use multiple threads. If not, the message,
"You need 3 GB free memory at least to launch multi-threads mode" appears.
When you use multiple threads, multiple models are processed and not
multiple versions of a model. Further, the number of models processed in
parallel is equal to the number of threads that you have selected.
Default: 1 thread
Maximum: 5 threads
3.
(Optional) To verify whether multiple threads are running for the upgrade process,
open the Windows Task Manager and look for SourceConfigure.exe in the Processes
tab.
The SourceConfigure.exe process must appear as many times as the number of
threads. You can view the logs in the Working Directory for details of the time taken
to upgrade.
136 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
Select Models
Select Models
The libraries and models of the source Mart are displayed in the form of a tree. You can
select an entire library or an individual model under a library to upgrade. This selection
and the versions you selected previously, determine the models and versions you want
to upgrade. For example, suppose that you have selected to upgrade the top five
versions. If you select nine models on the Select Models window, the top five versions of
all the nine models are upgraded.
Follow these steps:
1.
Click Select Models on Upgrade Wizard.
The models that satisfy the criteria selected in the Data to Upgrade dialog are
displayed. If you restart the upgrade process, only those models that are not
upgraded are available for selection.
2.
Select the libraries or individual models that you want to upgrade.
If a library or model name contains special characters (?, $, ‘, \), they are converted
to underscore (_) when displayed on this dialog.
Note: If a library or model name contains a forward slash ('/'), it is not upgraded.
3.
Click Finish.
Upgrading starts and the Upgrade Progress dialog displays the progress.
Pause and play
The Upgrade Mart utility lets you pause the process any time and start again. When you
pause, the utility completes upgrading the current model before stopping. When you
restart the upgrade process, the utility continues from the point it had stopped. The
utility then displays the models that are not yet upgraded in the list of models that you
had selected. If there are several models remaining, you can select a few to upgrade. If
you select the same working directory, the source and destination Mart and the model
version details are filled up automatically.
If your source Mart version is older than CA ERwin DM 8.0, it is upgraded to the current
release of 8.0 only once. If you upgrade a model to the current release of 8.0 and then
pause the upgrade process, the option to upgrade to the current release of 8.0 does not
display again.
Note: When you pause and restart the upgrade process, you can select all the remaining
models or a few models from the original list of models. Suppose that you have three
libraries A, B, and C in the catalog and you select only A to upgrade. Suppose that there
are ten models in library A. If you pause after the fifth model and you restart the
process, only the remaining five models from library A are displayed.
Chapter 6: How to Upgrade Mart Models 137
Select Models
Upgrade Models with NSM or DSM Files
Suppose that the Source Mart version is prior to release 9.0 and it includes NSM or DSM
files. When you upgrade the models, the naming and data type standards are not
included in the upgraded model. The scenario applies to non-mart models as well. The
reason for which the naming and data type standards are not included is, from release
9.0 onward Naming Standards and Data Type Standards are ERwin objects. These
objects are now saved as part of a model under Naming Standards and Datatype
Standards. The objects cannot be stored in a Mart or on the local computer.
Follow these steps:
1.
Save the NSM and DSM files to your local computer, before you start the upgrade
process.
2.
Upgrade the models.
3.
Create a model and import the NSM and DSM files that you have saved to your local
computer. Save the model as a template model.
We recommend that you do not include any other objects in this template.
4.
Add naming and data type standards in one of the following ways:
a.
Attach a template model when you open the upgraded model for the first time:
■
Open the upgraded model.
A message appears informing that you can either attach the default
naming and/or data type standards or select a template model that has
naming and/or data type standards.
■
Click No. Select the template model that you have created in Step 3.
The naming and data type standards are imported to the model.
■
Click File, Model Templates, Synchronize on Model Load and save the
model.
This setting helps the target model synchronize with the template model
when the template model is changed. The synchronization occurs
whenever the target model is opened.
b.
Attach a template model after you open the upgraded model (using Active
Model Template):
■
Open an upgraded model. Click File, Model Templates, Bind Template and
select the template model that includes the NSM and DSM objects.
■
Select the Run the Template Wizard to select objects for synchronization
and click OK.
The Model Template Synchronization Wizard appears.
■
Click Model, select the Name_Mapping properties, and then click Ignore.
138 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
View the Upgrade Status
This setting causes the name mapping properties to be ignored at the time
of synchronization. This is because the Use Glossary options are not
selected in the template model, but are selected in the target model. If you
do not ignore the name mapping options, the name mapping options
selected in the template are considered.
■
Click Actions, Model Naming Options. Go to the Name Mapping tab and
ensure that the Use Glossary check box for the required object types are
selected.
■
Click File, Model Templates, Synchronize on Model Load and save the
model.
This setting helps the target model synchronize with the template model
when the template model is changed. The synchronization occurs
whenever the target model is opened.
View the Upgrade Status
You can view the status of upgrade, when upgrade is in progress. The Upgrade Progress
dialog displays the model that is being upgraded. This information helps you determine
when to pause the upgrade process, if necessary.
Note: If your source Mart is older than 8.0, the Upgrade Process dialog does not display
the status of upgrade from the older version to the current release of 8.0. The Upgrade
Progress dialog displays the status of upgrade from any release of 8.0 to the current
release only.
To view the upgrade status, click Details on the Upgrade Progress dialog. The Mart
Upgrade status dialog appears and displays the libraries and models that are selected
for upgrade, in the form of a tree. The status of each model is indicated next to the
model.
Chapter 6: How to Upgrade Mart Models 139
Log Files
Log Files
The Mart Upgrade utility creates the following log files in the working directory:
LogFile_Fetch_Models.txt
Includes problems if any, while fetching models to display in the model tree.
NamesWithSlash.txt
Includes the names of libraries or models that have a forward slash (/). If any of the
model or library names has a forward slash (/), such names are not displayed in the
model tree. Log on to the source Mart, change such names, and then load the
models again.
SourceMartLogFile.txt
Includes any error that is displayed while opening models from the source Mart.
DestinationMartLogFile.txt
Includes any error that is displayed while saving models to the destination Mart.
Troubleshooting
Test Connection Failed--Source Mart
Symptom:
The Mart Upgrade utility is not connecting to the source Mart.
This problem can be for one of the following reasons:
■
The details for the source Mart are incorrect.
■
The database client is not installed.
■
The source database is not started.
■
The source database is not able to connect from the client computer.
■
The line SN=’Company Name’ in the r8 initializer file does not match with the r8
Workgroup Edition license file. This condition might occur when you upgrade from
r7 to r8.
140 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
Troubleshooting
Solution:
Depending on the reason, use one of the following solutions:
■
Ensure that the database details are correct.
■
Ensure that a database client installed on the computer where you want to run the
Mart Upgrade Utility.
■
Ensure that the database is running.
■
Ensure that you can connect to the source Mart with the database client installed
on your computer.
■
After upgrading your source Mart from r7 to r8, update the m7master.serialnumber
field in the r8 source Mart database. Modify the value to include the same company
name as SN="Company Name" in your r8 WorkGroup Edition license. Or, contact
the CA Licensing department and get a new license for r8 with the required
company name.
Your License does not Permit Connection to this Mart
Symptom:
The Mart Upgrade utility is not connecting to the source Mart.
This problem could be for one of the following reasons:
■
The computer does not have a valid CA ERwin DM Release 8 license.
■
The source Mart version is older than CA ERwin DM Release 8.
Solution:
Depending on the reason, use one of the following solutions:
■
Install CA ERwin DM Release 8.x Workgroup Edition license.
■
If you are using CA ERwin DM release 8.0 or 8.1, copy the license as follows:
For Windows XP and Windows 2003
Copy from: C:\Documents and Settings\<user id>\Local Settings\Application
Data\CA\ERwin Data Modeler\8.0
Copy to: C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Application Data\CA\ERwin Data
Modeler\8
For Windows 7 and Windows 2008:
Copy from: C:\Users\<user id>\AppData\Local\CA\ERwin Data Modeler\8.0
Copy to: C:\ProgramData\CA\ERwin Data Modeler\8
■
Upgrade the source Mart to CA ERwin DM release 8.x and then run the Mart
Upgrade utility.
Chapter 6: How to Upgrade Mart Models 141
Troubleshooting
Test Connection Failed--Destination Mart
Symptom:
The Mart Upgrade utility is not connecting to the destination Mart.
This problem can be for one of the following reasons:
■
The web server details are wrong.
■
The web server is not started.
■
Mart cannot connect to the web server.
■
IIS is not configured correctly (If you are connecting to Mart using IIS).
Solution:
Depending on the reason, use one of the following solutions:
■
Ensure that the web server is running.
■
Ensure that the web server details are correct.
■
Ensure that you can connect to the web server from the computer on which you are
running the Mart Upgrade utility. Try to log in to CA ERwin Mart Administrator to
help ensure that the connection can be established.
■
Ensure that IIS is configured properly.
Unable to Select Upgrade Models Check Box
Symptom:
I am unable to select only the Upgrade Models check box in the Data to Upgrade step.
Solution:
When you select the data that you want to upgrade, you cannot select only the Upgrade
Models check box. The reason is, you can upgrade models only if users and profiles are
upgraded.
mmgr_ig--Object Count Shrinks and then Grows Again After
Upgrading from Release 7 (r9.6)
Symptom:
I have upgraded my models from r7.x to r9.x. The object counts were approximately
238K in my r7.x Mart. The File | Mart | Open dialog shows the object count as
approximately 83K. When I open the model using r9.x ERwin, move an entity, and save
the changes back to the Mart, the object count grows to approximately 95K. Why are
the object counts dramatically shrinking and then growing?
142 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
Troubleshooting
Solution:
The object count includes the deleted objects which are invisible within a model. So a
model's object count can be very high, yet, there could be very few entities visible
within that model. The deleted objects are stored to maintain the object history and to
provide an audit trail.
When an r7.3.x model is upgraded to r8.x or later, the deleted invisible objects are
removed from the model. Therefore the object count reduces dramatically when you
upgrade models from r7.x to r9.x.
The r9.x model object counts grow dramatically after opening the upgraded models and
then saving them back to the Mart for the first time. This happens because final
conversions are made to the model the first time the model is saved to the Mart.
mmgr_ig--Status Window or Log Files Report Failures to Save Models
(r9.6)
Symptom:
When I upgrade my models, a log entry similar to the following entry is added to the log
file:
mmart://MYMARTNAME/MYLIBRARYNAME/MYMODELNAME
"System.Exception: Model Save failed to Destination mart.
05/08 09:40:50
WARNING: A connection with the server could not be established.
System.Runtime.InteropServices.COMException (0x80040837): Application Component !
Mart connection failed.
at SCAPI.ApplicationClass.ConnectMMart(String
sConnectionString, String sDispositionValue, Boolean bReconnect)
at DestinationConfigure.Program.Main(String[] args) in
W:\DestinationConfigure\Program.cs:line 74
at MartUpgrade.ProcessModelsInDestinationMart.SaveModel(String sourcePath,
String destPath, Boolean decSave) in
W:\MartUpgrade\ProcessModelsInDestinationMart.cs:line 226
at MartUpgrade.ProcessModelsInDestinationMart.ProcessModels() in
W:\MartUpgrade\ProcessModelsInDestinationMart.cs:line 110"
Solution:
The MartUpgrade utility attempts several times to upgrade a model, and each time the
model fails to save, the failed attempt is reported as an error. The default retry count is
5 times. It is possible that the model is successfully saved into the destination Mart on
one of the attempts. Therefore, verify that the model exists in the destination Mart.
Chapter 6: How to Upgrade Mart Models 143
Troubleshooting
Follow one of these methods to verify:
Method 1:
1.
Log in to CA ERwin Mart Administrator or connect to the r9 Mart through CA ERwin
DM r9.
2.
Go to the required library and see the list of models.
Method 2:
Run a Library/Model report in r9 ERwin and verify whether the library/model is listed.
You can also export the Library/Model report from r8 and compare it with the r9 report.
144 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
Chapter 7: Administer Mart
This section contains the following topics:
Adding a User (see page 146)
Sessions (see page 160)
Delete Mart (see page 161)
Catalog Management (see page 161)
Chapter 7: Administer Mart 145
Adding a User
Adding a User
As a System Administrator, after installing Mart, you add users, create libraries, and give
permissions to users on the required libraries. You know which user should be of what
type. You have the details of the profiles you want to create, and you know which
profile to assign to which user.
This scenario describes how you can add users to Mart.
The following diagram illustrates how to add a user to Mart:
The following tasks describe how to add a user:
1.
Add a user.
2.
Verify if an existing profile suits the user.
3.
Create a profile.
4.
Verify if the required catalog or library exists.
5.
Create a catalog or library.
6.
Assign permissions to the user.
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Add a User
As a Mart Administrator, you can add users so that they can access Mart. You delete
users if they are not required to access the Mart. You know the type of user you want to
add--a user that is authenticated by Mart, a user that is authenticated by the Windows
network, or a Windows user group.
Follow these steps:
1.
Open CA ERwin Mart Administrator.
2.
Click User Management, Add User.
3.
Select one of the following options for User Type:
Server User
Specifies a Mart user that is authenticated by the credentials provided in Mart.
Windows User
Specifies a Mart user that is authenticated by the Windows network.
Group User
Specifies a Windows user group. All users that are part of the selected group
can access Mart.
4.
Enter the user name and email address. Confirm the email address.
Note: The user name field is displayed only for the Server User and Windows User
options.
5.
Click Save.
The user account is added and an email is sent to the user.
Mart Users
From r9 onwards, you can add individual users and Active Directory user groups to Mart.
Individual users are categorized as Server users and Windows users, which are based on
the way they are authenticated. There are no database level users in the current Mart.
The descriptions of user types are as follows:
Server User
Specifies the user that is authenticated by the Mart server. The server user is an
application level user and not a database user. A server user provides the user
name and password to log on to Mart. For example, Peter is a Business Analyst and
reviews data models. Add Peter as a Server user as he accesses Mart only at the
time of reviewing data models. Peter provides his user name and password to
connect to Mart.
Note: Only a Server user can access CA ERwin Mart Administrator. There are no
database level users in the current Mart.
Chapter 7: Administer Mart 147
Adding a User
Windows User
Specifies the user that is authenticated by the Windows network. A Windows user
need not provide the user name and password to log on to Mart. For example, Jane
is a Data Modeler who works on Mart. Add Jane as a Windows user, so she accesses
Mart using her Windows network credentials. Jane does not provide her user name
and password to connect to Mart.
User Group
Specifies a user group that is part of an Active Directory. Use this option to add an
entire group that accesses Mart. For example, you have a user group
ABC-Domain\[email protected] Add XYZDivision_AllModelers,
so that all users that are part of this group and are authenticated by ABC-Domain,
connect to Mart. Users of this group do not have to provide their user name and
password when they connect to Mart.
Best Practices to Add a Group User
The following are the best practices to add a Group User:
■
Suppose that you have a parent group that includes subgroups. To give access to all
the subgroups under a parent group, add the parent group as a Group User.
■
Suppose that you want to give generic permissions to all users of a parent group
and specific permissions to a subgroup. Add both, the parent group and the
subgroup and give specific permissions to the subgroup. The permissions given to a
subgroup take precedence over the permissions given to a parent group.
■
Suppose that you want to give generic permissions to a group and specific
permissions to a particular user of the group. Add the group and add the particular
user as a Windows user. The permissions given to a Windows user take precedence
over the permissions given to a group user.
Verify if an Existing Profile Suits the User
CA ERwin DM Version 9 Mart has four built-in profiles:
■
Admin
■
Architect
■
Modeler
■
Viewer
Verify if any of these profiles suit the user you have created. If they do not, create the
required profile.
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How Profiles Work
The way profiles work depends on the following factors:
■
The type of user that is assigned to the profile.
■
The objects that are included in the profile.
■
The permissions that are assigned to the objects.
Chapter 7: Administer Mart 149
Adding a User
This section describes the permissions available for various types of users. The section
also includes common user profiles and describes permissions for those profiles.
Type 1: Mart level
■
Includes items under Catalog Management, Mart, Permission Management, Session
Management, and User Management.
■
Mart level permissions are granted only if a user is assigned to a profile on Mart.
■
The Mart level permissions are restricted or allowed at Mart Server itself. The only
exception is that Catalog Manager, Open is handled by the client.
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Type 2: Catalog Object level
■
Includes items under Library, Model, and Version.
■
All library privileges, that is, create, delete, and modify are granted when a user is
assigned to a profile on the Library or Mart.
■
Catalog Object level permissions are restricted or allowed at Mart Server itself. The
only exception is that Model, Modify is also verified in CA ERwin DM as part of live
semantic.
Chapter 7: Administer Mart 151
Adding a User
Type 3: Modeling Object level
■
Includes items under Modeling Object.
■
Modeling Object level permissions are used for restricting or allowing create,
modify, and delete operations on modeling objects within the Catalog of type
Model.
■
Modeling Object level permissions are restricted or allowed from live semantic in
CA ERwin DM.
Permissions
Permission are defined as follows:
■
A profile assigned to a user on a catalog.
■
A Catalog could be the Mart, a Library, or a Model.
For more information about the types of users, see the Mart Users (see page 147) topic.
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Authorization rules for users
The authorization rules for users are explained with examples for profiles and users. This
approach helps you relate to a scenario that exists in your work environment and
understand the rules better.
The authorization rules are explained based on the following sample catalog structure:
■
Mart
■
■
Library1
–
Model1
–
Model2
Library2
–
Model3
–
Model4
Consider the following sample profiles and users:
■
Sample profiles P1 and P2
■
Sample Server user SU1
■
Sample Active Directory (AD) user ADU1
■
Sample AD groups ADG1 and ADG2
Authorization Rules for Server User
■
Rule 1: P1 assigned to SU1 on Mart
–
■
■
■
SU1 gets the following privileges:
–
Type 1 privileges of P1 on Mart
–
Type 2 privileges of P1 on all libraries and models
–
Type 3 privileges of P1 on all models in Mart
Rule 2: P1 and P2 assigned to SU1 on Mart
–
SU1 gets the union of P1 and P2 privileges on the entire Mart. Type 1, 2, and 3
privileges are considered. Union here means that if a privilege is restricted in
P1 but allowed in P2, it is allowed for SU1.
–
In this case, multiple profile rule does not apply, as the union of privileges is
used.
Rule 3: P1 assigned to SU1 on Library1
–
SU1 gets the privileges assigned for P1 on the entire Library1.
–
Type 1 privileges are not considered.
Rule 4: P1 assigned to SU1 on Model1
Chapter 7: Administer Mart 153
Adding a User
■
■
–
SU1 gets the privileges assigned for P1 on Model1.
–
Type 1 privileges and some Type 2 (Library) are not considered.
Rule 5: P1 assigned to SU1 on Mart and P2 assigned to SU1 on Library1
–
SU1 gets the privileges of P1 on Mart and Library2, but not on Library1.
–
SU1 gets the privileges of P2 on Library1.
Rule 6: P1 assigned to SU1 on Mart and P2 assigned to SU1 on Model1
–
SU1 gets the privileges of P1 on Mart, Library1, Model2, and the entire
Library2, but not on Model1.
–
SU1 gets the privileges of P2 on Model1.
Authorization Rules for Windows User
■
Rule 7:
–
If a Windows user is added as a Mart user, the rules of a Server User apply to
the Windows user.
Authorization Rules for Group user
■
Rule 8: P1 assigned to ADG1 on Mart, ADU1 is part of ADG1, and ADU1 not added
as user on Mart
–
■
■
Rule 9: P1 assigned to ADG1 on Mart, P2 assigned to ADG1 on Library1, ADU1 is
part of ADG1, and ADU1 is not added as user on Mart
–
ADU1 gets the privileges of P1 on Mart and Library2, but not on Library1.
–
ADU1 gets the privileges of P2 on Library1.
Rule 10: P1 assigned to ADG1 on Mart, P2 assigned to ADG2 on Mart, ADU1 is part
of ADG1 as well as ADG2, and ADU1 is not added as user on Mart
–
■
■
ADU1 gets the union of P1 and P2 privileges on Mart.
Rule 11: P1 assigned to ADG1 on Mart, P2 assigned to ADG2 on Library1, ADU1 is
part of ADG1 as well as ADG2, and ADU1 is not added as user on Mart
–
ADU1 gets the privileges of P1 on Mart and Library2.
–
ADU1 gets the union of P1 and P2 privileges on Library1.
Rule 12: P1 assigned to ADG1 on Mart, ADU1 is part of ADG1, and ADU1 is also
added as user on Mart
–
■
ADU1 gets the privileges of P1 on Mart.
Since ADU1 is also added as a user on Mart, the user is not considered a part of
any group. The rules are same as that of a Windows user.
Rule 13: P1 assigned to ADG1 on Mart, P2 assigned to ADG2 on Mart, ADU1 is part
of ADG1 only, ADG1 is subgroup of ADG2, and ADU1 is not added as user on Mart
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–
■
ADU1 gets the privileges of P1 on Mart. This is because ADG1 is explicitly added
on Mart and ADU1 is only part of ADG1.
Rule 14: P1 assigned to ADG1 on Mart, P2 assigned to ADG2 on Mart, ADU1 is part
of ADG1 as well as ADG2, ADG1 is subgroup of ADG2, and ADU1 is not added as
user on Mart
–
ADU1 gets the union of P1 and P2 privileges on Mart.
Chapter 7: Administer Mart 155
Adding a User
Create a Profile
Profiles determine who can change the data or models in Mart. As a System
Administrator, you can create profiles and can attach them to users for a catalog. When
a user creates, modifies, or deletes an object in Mart, the profile determines if the
operation is permitted. Each profile grants permissions at the following object levels, in
the same hierarchical order:
■
Catalog Management
■
Library
■
Mart
■
Model
■
Locking
■
Modeling Object
■
Data Movement Rule
■
Data Source Object
■
Default value
■
Domain
■
ER Diagram
■
Entity
■
Relationship
■
Subject Area
■
Theme
■
Validation Rule
■
View
■
User-Defined Property
■
Version
■
Permission Management
■
Reports
■
Session Management
■
User Management
Note: Admin, Architect, Modeler, and Viewer profiles are created when you install Mart.
Follow these steps::
1.
Open CA ERwin Mart Administrator.
2.
To add a profile, follow these steps:
156 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
Adding a User
a.
Click Add Profile and enter a name for the profile.
b.
Enter a description for the profile.
c.
Expand the items in the Permission Details section and select the permissions
you want to assign.
Any dependent permissions for the selected permissions are selected too. For
example, if you select the Create Entity permission, then Model Modify, ER
Diagram Modify, ER Diagram Modify under Subject Area, and Key Group Create
permissions are also selected.
d.
Click Submit.
The profile is saved.
3.
To create a profile from an existing profile, follow these steps:
a.
Enter a name for the profile.
b.
Select Clone from existing profile and select a profile to clone.
c.
Click Submit.
d.
Expand the items in the Permission Details section and select the permissions
you want to assign.
Any dependent permissions for the selected permissions are selected too. For
example, if you select the Create Entity permission, then Model Modify, ER
Diagram Modify, ER Diagram Modify under Subject Area, and Key Group Create
permissions are also selected.
e.
Click Submit.
The profile is saved.
Verify if the Required Library Exists
When you migrate your models to CA ERwin DM Version 9 Mart, you can choose to
create libraries and copy models to them. Verify if you can assign these libraries to the
user you want to create. If not, create the required libraries.
Create a Library
A library is a collection of related models and a catalog is a group of libraries. Use
libraries to add an extra level of security or isolate implementation differences, such as
development and production environments.
Chapter 7: Administer Mart 157
Adding a User
Follow these steps:
1.
Select Mart or an existing library and click New.
A new library appears with a default name.
2.
Change the name per your requirement.
3.
Enter a description for the library in the Description field and click Apply.
A library is created.
Assign Permissions to a User
As a System Administrator, you assign different levels of permissions to different profile
users. Control the level of permission and assign a user or a group to a profile so that
they have specific access. A user can be assigned to multiple profiles. For example, a
user can have full permissions on one library and only view permissions on another.
Follow these steps:
1.
Open CA ERwin Mart Administrator.
2.
Click Permissions Management, select the libraries that you want the user to
access, and select a user or a group.
3.
Assign a user or group to a profile and click Submit.
The profiles is assigned to the user or group.
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Examples
This section describes steps to accomplish common business requirements.
Example: Provide permissions to view models in a specific library
Chris, a Business Analyst, has to access Mart to review the models you have copied to
the For Review library. Chris only reviews the ER diagrams available in a specific subject
area. He may modify the diagrams if required. Chris uses his Windows credentials to log
on.
Follow these steps:
1.
Add a Windows user named Chris.
2.
Create a library named For Review and copy the required model to it.
3.
Create a profile named Business Analyst and include the following permissions:
4.
■
Model, Modify
■
Model, Modeling Object, Subject Area, Create and Modify
■
Model, Modeling Object, Subject Area, ER Diagram, Create and Modify
Assign the profile to Chris.
Chris can now log in to Mart using his Windows credentials and review the model.
Example: Set up Mart that allows users save models under a specific library and not
under root
You are a System Administrator and you want Jane to create models only under a
specific library and not under Mart root.
Follow these steps:
1.
Add a Windows user named Jane.
2.
Create a library named Projects_Jane.
3.
Create a profile named Jane_Profile and include the following permissions:
■
Model, Create
■
Model, Modeling Object, Subject Area, Create and Modify
■
Model, Modeling Object, Subject Area, ER Diagram, Create and Modify
4.
Click Permission Management.
5.
Select Projects_Jane in the Select Catalog pane. Select Jane in the Select
User/Group pane. Select Jane_Profile in the Assign User/Group to Profile pane.
6.
Click Assign Profile and then click Submit.
Jane can create models and save them only under the Projects_Jane folder.
Chapter 7: Administer Mart 159
Sessions
Sessions
When you log in to the mart, this event is recorded as the start of a session. During a
session, the models that you open and the locks that are applied to each catalog entry
are tracked. Each session has its own Action Log, contained in CA ERwin Data Modeler,
which logs the transaction information containing real-time changes that are made to a
model. After you have logged out of the mart, the Action Log is cleared and the session
is closed.
Session Manager lets you view a session and terminate your sessions. You can also
assign the appropriate permission to a user to terminate a session.
To view a session, click File, Mart, Session Manager. The Session Manager dialog lists all
the sessions of the current user.
You can also view and delete offline mart models that are saved in a session.
Note: Deleting the offline mart model does not delete the model from the stored
location. It deletes the information about that model from CA ERwin Data Modeler.
To delete an offline mart model, open the Session Manager dialog, and click Offline
Mart Models. The Offline Mart Model Manager dialog opens. Select the Catalog item
and click Delete offline mart models. The information about the offline mart model is
deleted from CA ERwin Data Modeler.
Terminate Inactive or Closed Sessions
Terminate an Inactive or a Closed session to release all the locks applied in that session.
If a session is terminated, then all the information that is related to offline mart models
in that session is deleted.
Follow these steps:
1.
Click File, Mart, Session Manager.
The Session Manager dialog opens. It displays all the sessions of a user.
2.
Select a session from the Sessions list and click Delete Session.
The selected session is terminated.
160 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
Delete Mart
Delete Mart
As a Mart Administrator, you can delete Mart.
Important! If you delete Mart, all your libraries, models, and the associated data are
deleted permanently.
Follow these steps:
1.
Open the CA ERwin Mart Administrator and click Delete Mart.
A warning message appears.
2.
Type YES and click OK.
Mart is deleted and the Initialize Mart web page for your database appears.
Catalog Management
The catalog includes libraries, models, and versions of models. Libraries help you
organize projects by grouping models together. For example, you can create a library to
store models that share a workgroup, a security level, or a target server. Any number of
libraries or models can be created and stored in a catalog. By organizing your data
models in libraries, you can also easily manage model merging and conflict resolution.
Library Structure Planning
Before you set up your library structure in the Catalog Manager, review how the
workgroup modeling process works in your organization. To help you review your
workgroup modeling process, answer the following questions:
■
How are CA ERwin Data Modeler models moved from the development library to
the production library?
■
How are the approval process for moving models documented and enforced?
■
How are CA ERwin Data Modeler models merged into the enterprise model and
who controls this process?
■
Do you use versioning to record the milestones of models?
■
Who has what type of access to each library?
■
Are CA ERwin Data Modeler models generated to multiple target environments
(such as Microsoft SQL Server and Oracle)?
■
How are you warehousing your data?
Chapter 7: Administer Mart 161
Catalog Management
Library Structure Organization
During the model development life cycle, you must have an organized library structure.
Having an organized library structure helps you move only those models that are
intended for production to that level. You can structure your libraries in three distinct
types:
Development Libraries
Contains models that are being created or updated.
Test Libraries
Contains finished models that are being tested before moving them to production.
Production Libraries
Contains the finished models that were tested and debugged.
Library Security Levels
After you have created your libraries, determine the security levels for each library. The
following examples give you an idea of how you can use libraries and security together
to help safeguard models:
■
The entire modeling team can have access to the development library and
read-only access to the test and production libraries. Authorized project leaders can
be assigned to move models from the development library to the test library, and
then from the test to the production library.
■
Models from other libraries (for example, Sales and Accounting) can be merged
from their own libraries in the enterprise model. Modelers working on projects in
the Sales or Accounting libraries can have read-only access to the enterprise library
and full access to their own projects. Assign one person or group to manage
integration to the enterprise model.
■
Modelers need full access to their own libraries and read-only access to the libraries
of others. This type of security enhances production for the following reasons:
–
Everyone can see what everyone else is working on.
–
All models are stored in one location.
–
Permissions can be changed as different collaborations among modelers
become necessary.
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Library Structure Considerations
You must consider any or all of these suggestions when building a library structure:
Practical library names
Use practical and functional library names that help all users understand the
purpose and type of models contained in the library. For example, you can use the
format: Short System Name+Version+Stage (for example, Ora_8_Production).
Model naming and data type standards
Enforce naming and data type standards, which are vital to efficient workgroup
modeling.
Note: For more information, see the CA ERwin Data Modeler Online Help.
Rules for promoting models
Define a rigid and documented model approval and promotion process using
different libraries for each development phase.
Rules for versioning models
Define versioning rules using different libraries for each development version (for
example, Development Beta 1).
User rights and security
Apply stricter rights to libraries that contain mature models nearing the latter
stages of development. You can also apply strict rights to individual models.
Publication
Generate reports to communicate milestones in the model development process.
Schema generation rules
Set up a library where you generate the model schema. Usually, you generate the
model schema of promoted models only in the latter stages of development.
Chapter 7: Administer Mart 163
Catalog Management
Manage Catalogs
A catalog is similar to a directory structure. It consists of libraries, data models, model
versions, and templates. Catalog Management displays a hierarchical tree of Mart and
lets you manage your catalogs. It has all the features included in the Library Manager
and Session Manager modules that were available in the previous releases of CA ERwin
Data Modeler Workgroup Edition.
Following are some of the features in Catalog Management:
Libraries
Use libraries to group related models. Libraries add an extra level of security or isolate
implementation differences, such as development and production environments. A
library can be part of another library or can be present under the Mart.
Sorting
In a catalog, the libraries are sorted alphabetically, and the models within the libraries
are also sorted alphabetically. Versions are sorted newest to oldest; Named Versions
appear first, and then Delta Versions follow. The catalog entries sort in the following
order: Libraries, Models, Templates, and Versions respectively.
Context Menu
The context menu appears when you select a catalog entry and right-click. You can use
the context menu to cut, copy, paste, and delete a library, model, or template. You can
also use the context menu to mark a Delta version and delete, hide, and unhide Named
and Delta versions.
You can create, delete, copy, and move catalog entries; you can hide and unhide
versions.
Follow these steps:
1.
Open CA ERwin Mart Administrator and select the Catalog Management panel.
2.
To create a library, follow these steps:
1.
Click Create Library.
A library is created.
2.
In the Edit Catalog section, edit Name and Description fields and click Submit.
The name and description are updated.
3.
To create a Named version, follow these steps:
1.
Select either a Named version or a Delta version of a data model and click Mark
Version.
A Named version is created.
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2.
In the Edit Catalog section, edit the name and description fields and click
Submit.
The name and description of the Named version is updated.
4.
To hide a model version, select the version from the Catalog pane, and click Hide
Version.
5.
To unhide a model version, select the model of that version, click Unhide Version.
From the Hidden versions dialog, select your version and click OK.
6.
To delete a catalog entry, select the entry and click delete.
The Delete button is disabled when the last existing version of a model, or all the
versions of a model are selected. The catalog entry is permanently deleted from
Mart and it cannot be recovered.
Chapter 7: Administer Mart 165
Catalog Management
Lock a Catalog Entry
You can lock any catalog entry, even mart, to restrict other users from editing it. You can
view the current lock status of a catalog entry in the Locks section. Locks last until the
duration of a session or until removed. Locks can last even after a session is
disconnected; it means that the user is disconnected from Mart but the lock is still
preserved. You can work offline on a model without losing the lock. Only the
Administrator can override any lock.
The following lock options are available in Mart:
Existence Lock
Prevents other users from deleting a catalog entry. When you have an Existence
lock, other users can read and update, but not delete the catalog entry. You can
edit or move the catalog entry but cannot delete the entry. The presence of an
Existence Lock prevents anyone, other than the lock owner, from acquiring an
Exclusive Lock on the entry. You can apply Existence Lock, Shared Lock, or Update
Lock, with the existing Existence Lock, to the catalog entry.
Shared Lock
Prevents other users from editing the catalog entry. When a you have a Shared
lock, other users can read, but cannot update or delete the catalog entry. You can
open a model with Shared Lock in read-only mode; you cannot edit the model. The
presence of a Shared Lock prevents anyone from acquiring Update Lock or an
Exclusive Lock on the entry. You can apply Existence Lock with Shared Lock to a
catalog entry.
Update Lock
Lets only the lock holder to edit the catalog entry. When you have an Update lock,
other users cannot read, update, or delete the catalog entry. The presence of
Update Lock on an entry prevents other users from acquiring any other locks,
except Existence Lock.
Exclusive Lock
Lets only the lock holder to edit a catalog entry. When you have an Exclusive lock,
other users cannot read, update, or delete the catalog entry. In addition, no other
user can add any type of lock on the entry.
Unlock Entry
Lets only the lock holder to unlock an entry.
Depending on the type of lock, you can move any entry in the catalog. Acquire Update
Lock on a catalog entry before you move that entry.
You cannot move or copy a catalog entry if any of the following conditions is true:
■
the entry has any lock other than Existence Lock or Shared Lock
■
the parent of that entry has any lock, other than Existence Lock
166 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
Catalog Management
■
the destination library or mart has any lock, other than Existence Lock
Lock Behavior
When you edit a catalog entry, locks are applied automatically to appropriate levels in
the catalog to prevent other users from editing the entry. When the edit is complete,
the locks are removed or downgraded automatically.
The following scenarios apply to locks when you edit a catalog entry:
■
When you load a model, Shared Lock is applied to the model and Existence Lock is
applied to the parent entry up to the mart. After the model is loaded, Shared Lock is
replaced with Existence Lock.
■
When you initially save a model, Update Lock is applied to the model automatically.
After the model is saved, Update Lock is replaced with Existence Lock automatically.
If you apply the Update Lock manually, the lock is retained until you release it
manually, or until the model is closed.
■
When you incrementally save a model, Update Lock is applied to all the versions
created between the opened version and the newly created version. After the
model is saved, Update Lock is replaced with Existence Lock.
■
When you delete a model, Exclusive Lock is applied to the model. After the model is
deleted, the lock is dropped.
■
When you delete a user, all the locks that the user had applied are deleted.
■
When you rename a library, Update Lock is applied to the library. After the library is
renamed, the lock is removed.
■
When you load models for version compare, Shared Lock is applied to the root
model. After the model is loaded, Shared Lock is removed.
■
When you merge or import objects during version compare, Update Lock is applied
to the root model. When the merge or import is complete, Update Lock is removed.
Chapter 7: Administer Mart 167
Appendix A: CA ERwin Data Modeler
Workgroup Edition Performance
This section contains the following topics:
Optimize the Performance (see page 169)
Reindex the Database (see page 170)
Run the Database Statistics (see page 175)
Optimize the Performance
The performance of CA ERwin Data Modeler Workgroup Edition depends on many
factors. This appendix outlines some steps you can take to improve your performance.
The five main components where a slow down can occur are the database, the server,
the network, the client PC, and the CA ERwin Data Modeler Workgroup Edition
software.
Appendix A: CA ERwin Data Modeler Workgroup Edition Performance 169
Reindex the Database
You should regularly reindex the database and run the database statistics. Sometimes
running the database statistics alone does not affect the performance, however it is
good practice to run the database statistics on a regular basis to ensure the maximum
performance of your database.
If you have many domains in a model, they consume a lot of memory and file space.
Having too many domains can slow down CA ERwin Data Modeler Workgroup Edition. If
you need to use many domains, we suggest you create a template model to house
them, and then import the specific domains that you need, to each of your individual
models. If you are using the domains to enforce unique attribute or column naming
standards, you can alternatively use the ERwin Glossary for that purpose.
Check the CA ERwin Data Modeler Workgroup Edition Release Notes for the latest
system requirements. Greater CPU speed, and more RAM and disk space result in better
performance.
Reindex the Database
Over a period of time, database indexes become fragmented. A large number of inserts
and deletes can lead to significant performance degradation. The scripts provided in this
appendix rebuild the indexes and fix them. In some cases, it can make a significant
difference in the mart performance.
We recommend that you reindex your mart database nightly or during off-peak hours.
As the index is recreated, the process can temporarily degrade the performance of your
database. You can create an automated batch job to do the reindex. You should also
reindex the database after a large model merge, a save to the mart, and right after a
conversion of the mart when upgrading to a later version of the software.
170 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
Reindex the Database
Run the Oracle DBMS Reindex Script
As the new index is being built, it coexists with the old index in the database. For this
reason, you should plan for enough space to store both the old index and the new
index. When the index is rebuilt, the new index becomes available, the old index is
dropped, and the space is reclaimed by the database. If you encounter any errors while
rebuilding the indexes, re-run the statements. If you require more space to rebuild
those specific indexes, add more storage to your index tablespace, and then try
rebuilding those specific indexes again.
To run the Oracle DBMS reindex script
1.
Create the mmreindex.ora script and copy it locally.
2.
Edit the script and replace 'MODELMART' with the name of the mart schema-owner
and 'MMINDEX' with the name of the mart index tablespace. Save your changes.
3.
Connect to SQL*PLUS as the user SYS.
4.
Grant the 'ALTER ANY INDEX' privilege to the mart Schema Owner.
5.
Run your Oracle query tool and execute the following at the SQL prompt:
GRANT ALTER ANY INDEX TO <MART SCHEMA OWNER>;
6.
Disconnect user SYS and Connect to your Oracle query tool as the Schema Owner.
7.
Execute the following Script at the SQL Prompt:
@c:\mmreindex.ora
Appendix A: CA ERwin Data Modeler Workgroup Edition Performance 171
Reindex the Database
Example: Oracle Reindex Script (MMReIndex.ora)
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Object:
MMReIndex.ora
-- Desc:
Use this Procedure to ReIndex the MM ORACLE Repository whenever a
--
Merge/Save of big model is done to MM
--
Limitation(s) is specific to Oracle Releases >= 817
-- For ORACLE DBMS < 8i Modify the script to Use NOPARALLEL
-- NOTE:
You will need to change MMOWNER to the Mart schema owner name.
--
You will need to change MMINDEX to the Mart index tablespace.
-- Oracle indexes are not self-balancing. They become fragmented after a large
-- number of INSERTs and DELETEs which may lead to significant performance
degradation.
-- This script rebuilds the Mart indexes and cures them.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------set pagesize 1000
set linesize 2000
set verify off
set feedback off
set heading off
spool c:\mmreindex.ora
SELECT
'ALTER INDEX ' || USER || '.' || INDEX_NAME ||
' REBUILD PARALLEL NOLOGGING COMPUTE STATISTICS TABLESPACE MMINDEX;'
FROM
DBA_INDEXES
WHERE OWNER = UPPER ('MMOWNER')
AND
(INDEX_NAME like 'XPK%' or INDEX_NAME like 'XAK%'
or INDEX_NAME like 'XIE%')
order by index_name;
spool off
set heading on
set pagesize 24
set verify on
set feedback on
@c:\mmreindex.ora
/
172 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
Reindex the Database
Example: Microsoft SQL Server DBMS Reindex Script
Example: Microsoft SQL Server DBMS reindex script
-- Drop the Procedure appropriately
IF EXISTS (SELECT name FROM sysobjects WHERE name = N'usp_ReIndex' AND type = N'P')
Begin
DROP PROCEDURE usp_ReIndex
Print 'Procedure Dropped'
End
GO
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Object:
usp_ReIndex
-- Desc:
Use this Procedure to ReIndex the MM SQL REpository whenever a
--
Merge/Save of big model is done to MM
-- Change History:
-- Name
Date
Reason
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------CREATE PROCEDURE usp_ReIndex AS
Declare
@Cmd
varchar(2000),
@Name
Sysname
DECLARE tmp_Reindex CURSOR LOCAL FOR
SELECT Name
FROM
SysObjects
WHERE
Type = 'U'
OPEN tmp_Reindex
FETCH NEXT FROM tmp_Reindex INTO @Name
WHILE @@FETCH_STATUS = 0
BEGIN
Print 'Processing Index for Table ' + @Name
Set @cmd = 'DBCC DBREINDEX (' + @Name +
', '''', 0)'
Exec (@Cmd)
If @@Error <> 0
Print 'Error Reindexing Table ' + @Name
FETCH NEXT FROM tmp_Reindex INTO @Name
END
Close tmp_Reindex
go
-- ReIndex the DB
Exec usp_ReIndex
Appendix A: CA ERwin Data Modeler Workgroup Edition Performance 173
Reindex the Database
Example: Sybase DBMS reindex script (MMReIndex.ora)
-- Drop the Procedure appropriately
IF EXISTS (SELECT name FROM sysobjects WHERE name = N'usp_ReIndex' AND type = N'P')
Begin
DROP PROCEDURE usp_ReIndex
Print 'Procedure Dropped'
End
GO
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Object: usp_ReIndex
-- Desc: Use this Procedure to ReIndex the MM SQL REpository whenever a
-- Merge/Save of big model is done to MM
-- Change History:
-- Name Date Reason
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------CREATE PROCEDURE usp_ReIndex AS
Declare
@Cmd varchar(2000),
@Name Sysname(100) ,
@output_str varchar( 255 )
DECLARE tmp_Reindex CURSOR FOR
SELECT name
FROM sysobjects
WHERE type = 'U'
OPEN tmp_Reindex
FETCH tmp_Reindex INTO @Name
WHILE ( @@sqlstatus = 0 )
BEGIN
SELECT @output_str = 'Processing Index for Table [email protected]
Print @output_str
--Set @Cmd = 'DBCC REINDEX (' + @Name + ')'
--Exec (@Cmd)
DBCC REINDEX (@Name )
If @@Error <> 0
Begin
SELECT @output_str = 'Processing Index for Table1 [email protected]
Print @output_str
end
FETCH tmp_Reindex INTO @Name
END
Close tmp_Reindex
go
EXEC usp_ReIndex
174 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
Run the Database Statistics
Troubleshooting the Reindexing Script
Symptom:
The query tool responds as given below:
no rows selected
not spooling currently
Solution:
You do not have the correct name for the mart schema-owner. Get the correct user
name, replace 'MODELMART' with the user name, and re-run the script.
Run the Database Statistics
Database statistics show the distribution of the data in the database, and how the data
is stored. When a database executes a query, it uses an optimizer to determine the best
path to access the data. The optimizer relies on execution plans that specify the order in
which the database accesses the tables and the exact steps used to pull the data. The
database bases the creation of the execution plans on the database statistics.
As the data grows and changes, the statistics quickly become outdated and no longer
reflect the true condition of the database. As a result, the execution plans no longer
apply and the optimizer makes poor decisions when processing queries. You should run
statistics regularly to ensure the maximum performance of your database and,
therefore, your mart. We recommend that you run the database statistics nightly, and
create an automated batch job to simplify the process.
Example: Oracle Statistics Commands
Note: In the following examples, the schema owner name is 'MODELMART'
To collect statistics for the mart (does not include the index statistics):
EXEC DBMS_STATS.gather_schema_stats ('MODELMART',DBMS_STATS.AUTO_SAMPLE_SIZE);
To collect statistics for the mart (includes the index statistics):
EXEC DBMS_STATS.gather_schema_stats (ownname => 'MODELMART',
cascade =>true, estimate_percent => dbms_stats.auto_sample_size);
To delete the statistics:
EXEC DBMS_STATS.delete_schema_stats ('MODELMART');
Chapter 8: Workgroup Modeling
Reports
Chapter 8: Workgroup Modeling Reports 175
Run the Database Statistics
Modelers typically work from a common set of libraries and models, and share
information about these objects with other users. One way to share information is by
using reports, which details the information and definitions for a model. You can
generate predefined reports to view the contents of specific libraries and models, view
the changes and conflicts for specific models, and view the security structure for the
database.
You can generate Mart reports using either the Report Designer or Crystal Reports. This
section describes the reports that are generated using Crystal Reports.
Report Designer
Report Designer lets you create a wide variety of Mart administrative reports and
cross-model reports. You can create report templates for frequently used reports
and you can export reports to the HTML, CSV, and PDF formats. You can create
report solutions and include multiple report templates. For more information about
the Report Designer, see the Online Help.
Crystal Reports
You can generate the predefined (pinned) reports or create custom reports using
Crystal Reports. You can generate Mart reports only if you have installed Crystal
Report Developer Edition on the computer on which you want to generate the
reports. For more information about generating custom reports, see the Creating
Custom Mart Reports Using Crystal Reports guide.
CA ERwin Data Modeler Workgroup Edition includes the following predefined reports:
Global Reports
The following table describes the global reports that you can run against Mart:
Report Name
Description
Attributes By Name
Provides information for a specified attribute name--logical
and physical, including its library, and its owning diagrams and
entities.
Derived Models
Provides a list of all models that are created using the Derive
Model process.
Entities by Name
Provides information for a specified entity name--logical and
physical, including library, its owning diagrams, and owned
attributes or columns.
Libraries
Provides a list of all libraries in Mart.
Library Model Entity
Provides a hierarchical list of all entities in models and
libraries.
Library Model Version
Provides a list of the versions of all models.
Library Model
Provides a list of the models in the selected libraries.
176 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
Run the Database Statistics
Report Name
Description
Mart Domains
Provides a list of all domains used by diagrams, sorted by
diagram and library. Includes the domain name, domain
parent, domain parent name, and domain data type.
Models with Subject Areas
Provides a list of all Subject Areas and the diagrams in each
Subject Area in a model.
Models
Provides a list of all the models in the entire Mart. The report
includes details such as the number of entities and attributes,
and the total number of model objects.
Subject Areas
Provides the list of all subject areas, including subject area
members.
User Defined Properties
Provides a list of all user-defined properties for the current
open model, including UDP name, class name, and default
value.
Users
Provides a list of all users assigned to Mart, including user
numeric ID and server login.
Model Validation Reports
The following table describes the model validation reports that can be run against
models in the mart:
Report Name
Description
Attributes without Definition
Provides a list of all attributes that have no definition text for
the specified model.
Attributes without Domains
Provides a list of all attributes that have no domain
association for the specified model.
Entities whose Primary Keys are all Foreign Keys
Provides a list of entities in all the models that have foreign
keys as their primary keys.
Entities without Definitions
Provides a list of all entities that have no definition text for
the specified model.
Entities without Primary Keys
Provides a list of all entities that have no primary key for the
specified model.
Many to Many Relationships
Provides the details of many-to-many relationships available
in all the models in the Mart.
Model Attributes without Definition
Provides a list of all attributes that have no definition for the
specified model.
Unattached Entities
Provides a list of entities that are not the parent of a
relationship. The report includes information for all the
models in Mart.
Chapter 8: Workgroup Modeling Reports 177
Run the Database Statistics
Diagram Reports
The following table describes the reports that can be run against diagrams:
Report Name
Description
Definitions
Provides the definition information of the specified diagram.
Domains
Provides the domain usage of the specified diagram.
Entities
Provides the entity information for the specified diagram.
Entity Attributes
Provides the details of all the entities and their attributes in
the selected model.
Entity PK FK
Provides the details of primary and foreign keys for all the
entities in the selected model.
Entity Subtypes
Provides the details of all the entity subtypes for the selected
model.
Entity Supertypes
Provides the details of all the entity supertypes for the
selected model.
Entity Table Attribute Column Datatype Nulls
Provides a list of all data type null values for entity attributes
and table columns for the selected model.
Model Subject Areas
Provides a list of the Subject Areas and their members for the
selected model.
Index Members
Provides a list of the index member usage for the specified
diagram.
Index Properties
Provides the index properties for all objects in use for the
specified diagram.
Relationships
Provides a list of relationship usage for the specified diagram.
178 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
Run the Database Statistics
Model Locks Report
Provides information about the lock status of all models in the selected library.
View and manage report results in the CA ERwin Reports Viewer. Use the
predefined reports available on the Tools menu, use either the Bulk Editor to view
and edit object properties in the current model and export results to a CSV file, or
use the Query Tool to execute predefined or customized SQL SELECT statements
against a model.
Model Contents by Class
The Model Contents by Class report includes ERwin objects available in the selected
model based on their class.
Bulk Editor
The Bulk Editor provides the selection, validation, and maintenance of model object
metadata, permits reusable customization (option sets), and realtime access to
model changes. Export results or selected rows to a CSV file. You can use the Bulk
Editor to edit a small set of properties over a large number of objects. Changes and
updates are immediately committed as you make them, field by field.
Query Tool
The Query Tool is used to query the repository through executing SQL SELECT
statements against a local model or a model in the mart. You can use the Query
Tool to create your own .QRY report file. Save your option set locally to the model
or as an XML file. Export your results to a CSV file. You can execute a query against
the objects and properties in the model, the metadata defining those objects and
properties, and the action log that records the changes that are made to your
model during the modeling session. You can create new queries or paste text from
another source (such as a .SQL file) into a query. Although the Query Tool provides
a built-in query interface in CA ERwin Data Modeler, you can also use any
third-party reporting tool that has ODBC capability to query CA ERwin Data Modeler
modeling data.
Chapter 8: Workgroup Modeling Reports 179
Generate a Global Report
Generate a Global Report
Global reports provide information about Mart including its libraries, models, model
objects, and diagrams. To run the Global Reports, you must have Mart level permissions.
Note: Connect to Mart to view the available reports and to generate a global report.
Follow these steps:
1.
Click Tools, Mart Reports, Global Reports, then select one of the following reports:
Attributes By Name
Provides information for a specified attribute name--logical and physical,
including its library, and its owning diagrams and entities.
Derived Models
Provides a list of all models that are created using the Derive Model process.
Entities by Name
Provides information for a specified entity name--logical and physical, including
library, its owning diagrams, and owned attributes or columns.
Libraries
Provides a list of all libraries in the mart.
Library Model Entity
Provides a hierarchical list of all entities in models and libraries.
Library Model Version
Provides a list of the versions of all models.
Library Model
Provides a list of the models in the selected libraries.
Mart Domains
Provides a list of all domains used by diagrams, sorted by diagram and library.
Includes the domain name, domain parent, domain parent name, and domain
data type.
Models with Subject Areas
Provides a list of all Subject Areas and the diagrams in each Subject Area in a
model.
180 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
Generate a Global Report
Models
Provides a list of all the models in the entire Mart. The report includes details
such as the number of entities and attributes, and the total number of model
objects.
Subject Areas
Provides the list of all subject areas, including subject area members.
User Defined Properties
Provides a list of all user-defined properties for the current open model,
including UDP name, class name, and default value.
Users
Provides a list of all users assigned to Mart, including user numeric ID and
server login.
The Database Login dialog opens.
2.
Enter login information and click Connect.
Depending on the report requested, either the generated report opens in the
viewer or you are prompted to enter additional parameters for the report. Once
these parameters are entered, the report opens.
The report is generated and opens in the viewer.
3.
Use the toolbar options to export or print the report.
4.
Click Exit on the File menu.
The Report Viewer closes.
Chapter 8: Workgroup Modeling Reports 181
Generate a Model Validation Report
Generate a Model Validation Report
Run a model validation report to validate your model to ensure complete and accurate
model information. To run the Model Validation Reports, you must have Mart level
permissions.
Note: Connect to Mart to generate a model validation report.
Follow these steps:
1.
Click Tools, Mart Reports, Model Validation Reports, then select one of the
following reports:
Attributes without Definition
Provides a list of attributes that have no definition text in all the models in the
Mart.
Attributes without Domains
Provides a list of attributes that are not owned by any domains in all the
models in the Mart.
Entities whose Primary Keys are all Foreign Keys
Provides a list of entities in all the models that have foreign keys as their
primary keys.
Entities without Definitions
Provides a list of entities that have no definition text in all the models in the
Mart.
Entities without Primary Keys
Provides a list of all entities that have no primary key in all the models in the
Mart.
Many to Many Relationships
Provides the details of many-to-many relationships available in all the models
in the Mart.
Model Attributes without Definitions
Provides a list of all attributes that have no definition in all the models in the
Mart.
Unattached Entities
Provides a list of entities that are not the parent of a relationship. The report
includes information for all the models in Mart.
The Database Login dialog opens.
182 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
Generate a Model Validation Report
2.
Enter login information and click Connect.
Depending on the report requested, either the generated report opens in the
viewer or you are prompted to enter additional parameters for the report. Once
these parameters are entered, the report opens.
The report is generated and opens in the viewer.
3.
Use the toolbar options to export or print the report.
4.
Click Exit on the File menu.
The Report Viewer closes.
Chapter 8: Workgroup Modeling Reports 183
Generate a Diagram Report
Generate a Diagram Report
Diagram reports provide information about the current diagram open in the mart. To
run the Model Validation Reports, you must have Mart level permissions.
Note: Connect to Mart to view the available reports and to generate a diagram report.
Follow these steps:
1.
Click Tools, Mart Reports, Diagram Reports, then select one of the following
reports:
Definitions
Provides the definition information of the specified diagram.
Domains
Provides the domain usage of the specified diagram.
Entities
Provides the entity information for the specified diagram.
Entity Attributes
Provides the details of all the entities and their attributes in the selected
model.
Entity PK FK
Provides the details of primary and foreign keys for all the entities in the
selected model.
Entity Subtypes
Provides the details of all the entity subtypes for the selected model.
Entity Supertypes
Provides the details of all the entity supertypes for the selected model.
Entity Table Attribute Column Datatype Nulls
Provides a list of all data type null values for entity attributes and table columns
for the selected model.
Model Subject Areas
Provides a list of the Subject Areas and their members for the selected model.
Index Members
Provides a list of the index member usage for the specified diagram.
Index Properties
Provides the index properties for all objects in use for the specified diagram.
Relationships
184 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
Generate a Model Lock Report
Provides a list of relationship usage for the specified diagram.
The Database Login dialog opens.
2.
Enter login information and click Connect.
Depending on the report requested, either the generated report opens in the
viewer or you are prompted to enter additional parameters for the report. Once
these parameters are entered, the report opens.
The report is generated and opens in the viewer.
3.
Use the toolbar options to export or print the report.
4.
Click Exit on the File menu.
The Report Viewer closes.
Generate a Model Lock Report
The Model Lock report provides information about the lock status of all the models in a
library.
Note: Connect to Mart to view the available reports and to generate a model lock
report.
Follow these steps:
1.
Click Tools, Mart Reports, Other, Model Lock.
The Database Login dialog opens.
2.
Enter login information and click Connect.
3.
Enter additional parameters for the report.
The report is generated and opened in the viewer.
4.
Use the toolbar options to export or print the report.
5.
Click Exit on the File menu.
The Report Viewer closes.
Chapter 8: Workgroup Modeling Reports 185
Generate a Report on Model Contents by Class
Generate a Report on Model Contents by Class
The Model Contents by Class report includes ERwin objects available in the selected
model based on their class.
Note: Connect to Mart to view the available reports and to generate a class-wise
content report.
Follow these steps:
1.
Click Tools, Mart Reports, Other, Model Contents by Class.
The Database Login dialog opens.
2.
Enter login information and click Connect.
3.
Enter additional parameters for the report.
The report is generated and opened in the viewer.
4.
Use the toolbar options to export or print the report.
5.
Click Exit on the File menu.
The Report Viewer closes.
186 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
The Report Viewer
The Report Viewer
The Report Viewer lets you view reports created with Crystal Reports. It opens when
you select a report to generate on the Tools menu. It provides a way to view the report
you selected to run, and work with options for exporting and printing the report.
Use the following features to work with the Report Viewer:
Export Report
Specifies to export the report to a folder you specify. After it is exported, you can
share the report with others. The default format is as a Crystal Reports report (.rpt),
but you can specify one of the following additional formats:
■
Adobe PDF (.pdf)
■
Microsoft Excel (97-2003) (.xls)
■
Microsoft Excel (97-2003) Data-Only (.xls)
■
Microsoft Word (97-2003) (.doc)
■
Microsoft Word (97-2003) - Editable (.rtf)
■
Rich Text Format (.rtf)
■
XML (.xml)
Print Report
Specifies to print the report.
Refresh
Specifies to refresh the information in the report.
Toggle Parameter Panel
Lets you toggle the display of the parameter panel. The panel shows the input
parameters as provided to generate the report. If the report contains no
parameters, the view is empty.
Toggle Group Tree
Lets you toggle the display of the tree hierarchy of the objects on which you
generated the report.
Go to First Page
Goes to the first page of the report.
Go to Previous Page
Goes to the previous page of the report.
Go to Next Page
Goes to the next page of the report.
Chapter 8: Workgroup Modeling Reports 187
The Report Viewer
Go to Last Page
Goes to the last page of the report.
Find Text
Opens a Find dialog so you can enter a text string to search within the report.
Zoom
Lets you specify the magnification of the report text.
Chapter 9: Generate the Current
Diagram Picture
In addition to using the integration of Crystal Reports to create a picture report of the
model diagrams, you can also use the Tools menu in CA ERwin Data Modeler to
generate a picture report of diagrams.
To generate the current diagram picture
1.
Open the diagram for which you want to generate a picture.
2.
Click Diagram Picture, Generate Current Diagram Picture on the Tools menu.
The Save As dialog opens.
3.
Enter a name and location for the file and click Save.
The generated file is saved as an .EMF (Enhanced Metafiles) image and the Save As
dialog closes. To view or print the diagram image, use any image viewer program to
open the file.
188 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
Appendix B: Changing Application
Name and Port Number
There may be times when you want to change the Mart application name from
MartServer to something else. Similarly, you may want to change the port number on
which the Web server is running from 18170 to something else. This section gives the
procedures to modify the application name and the port number.
This section contains the following topics:
How to Change the Mart Server Application Name and Port Number (see page 189)
How to Change the Mart Server Application Name and
Port Number
There may be times when you want to change the Mart application name from
MartServer to something else. Similarly, you may want to change the port number on
which the Web server is running from 18170 to something else. This section gives the
procedures to modify the application name and the port number.
Note: This procedure applies to the Windows Server 2003 operating system.
Follow these steps:
1.
Stop Tomcat server and all connections to the server.
2.
If open, close the CA ERwin Mart Configuration dialog.
3.
Back up the “C:\Program Files\CA\ERwin Mart Server r9” folder.
4.
Follow these steps and change the port number:
a.
Navigate to the “C:\Program Files\CA\ERwin Mart Server r9\Tomcat\conf”
folder. Open the Sever.xml file.
b.
On Line 70, change 18170 to any port number of your choice. If you have
enabled SSL, change the port number (18170) in the below section (shown in
green color).
Appendix B: Changing Application Name and Port Number 189
How to Change the Mart Server Application Name and Port Number
5.
6.
Follow these steps and change the application name
a.
Navigate to the “C:\Program Files\CA\ERwin Mart Server r9\Tomcat\webapps”
folder.
b.
Back up the MartServer.war file and the “MartServer” folder to a different
computer.
c.
Delete the “MartServer” folder.
d.
Rename MartServer.war to <your application name>.war (any qualified name).
Change the configuration details in the MartConfiguration.config file.
The file is available in the “C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Application
Data\CA\ERwin Mart Server” folder.
7.
Go to the “C:\Program Files\CA\ERwin Mart Server r9\Tomcat” folder and change
the URL in the following batch files:
■
CA ERwin MartAdmin.bat
■
Disable SSL for Tomcat MartServer.bat
■
Enable SSL for Tomcat MartServer.bat
8.
Open the CA ERwin Mart Configuration dialog and go to the Mart Administrator tab.
Enter the new port number, new application name and the password, and then
click Configure. The Mart is configured with a new application name and the new
port number.
9.
Start the MartServer service.
10. When you log in to Mart from CA ERwin Data Modeler, ensure that you provide the
modified port number and application name in the Connect to Mart dialog. For
example, suppose that your new port number is 18172 and the new application
name is ERwinMartDB. In the Connect to Mart dialog, enter 18172 in the Port field,
and ERwinMartDB in the Application Name field.
190 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
Appendix C: Microsoft SQL Server
and Sybase Tuning
Recommendations
This section contains the following topics:
Physical Tuning Parameters (see page 191)
Server-Level Tuning Parameters (see page 192)
Named Cache Configuration (see page 192)
Database Tuning Parameters (see page 193)
Database and Log Sizing (see page 194)
How to Maintain an Efficient Database (see page 195)
Physical Tuning Parameters
The mart is dynamic, with many queries and data manipulations performed with each
model save and load. Although the Microsoft SQL Server and Sybase architectures differ
in some ways, the basic operation and configuration of both server environments is the
same.
The configuration changes that must be made to Microsoft SQL Server and Sybase for
optimum performance with maximum fault tolerance and recoverability are provided.
Database Placement
CA ERwin Data Modeler Workgroup Edition mart databases are written to in bursts of
activity. Stored procedures and bulk insert statements are used to minimize overhead
when saving data to Microsoft SQL Server. To optimize performance, place the database
on low activity Microsoft SQL Server files. If possible, place the log and data segments
on different physical drives to reduce contention between log writes and database
reads.
Data Redundancy
Make sure that you make a copy of the transaction log on a separate drive to maximize
recoverability of the database. If the up-time of the database is considered critical,
make a copy of the database and the transaction logs, and other Microsoft SQL Server
files you consider important.
Appendix C: Microsoft SQL Server and Sybase Tuning Recommendations 191
Server-Level Tuning Parameters
Server-Level Tuning Parameters
You should perform the following server-level tuning tasks:
■
Configure Microsoft SQL Server to use as much memory as possible. Allocating
more memory to the Microsoft SQL Server caching mechanisms means less physical
reads from the disk and improved database query performance.
■
Allow several megabytes of disk space for the procedure cache because CA ERwin
Data Modeler Workgroup Edition uses many stored procedures.
The following table shows the recommended configuration parameters for a Microsoft
SQL Server running CA ERwin Data Modeler Workgroup Edition:
Parameter Type
Recommended Value
memory (Sybase 15:
"total memory")
512 MB minimum
procedural cache
Set the cache to grow to a
fixed size, such as 50 MB or
100 MB.
Notes
More memory implies less
Note: 1 GB is recommended physical I/O
CA ERwin Data Modeler
Workgroup Edition is stored
procedure-intensive
Named Cache Configuration
For Sybase systems, consider setting up a 4 KB pool for the default data cache. Sybase
writes I/O to the log more often in 4 KB increments than in 2 KB increments (the
default). You can set up a 4 KB I/O pool using sp_poolconfig, but you must restart the
server to enable the 4 KB I/O writes to the log. Set the pool up as a smaller subset of the
cache.
Note: Be careful when making changes to the data caching systems in Sybase. Monitor
your changes with SQL Monitor or sp_sysmon to ensure that the changes you make do
not starve the 2 KB I/O pool or other caches.
The following shows the recommended size of the 4 KB I/O pool for small, medium, and
large servers:
Server Size
Data Cache Size
4 KB I/O Pool Size
Small
128 MB
4 MB
Medium
512 MB
6 MB
Large
1 GB
10 MB
192 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
Database Tuning Parameters
Database Tuning Parameters
You can make database tuning adjustments in three different areas:
■
Transaction log
■
Threshold procedures
■
Database options
Transaction Log
The transaction log keeps a before and after image of each change made in the
database. Microsoft SQL Server keeps a transaction log for each database.
Back up the transaction log frequently. This keeps the transaction log small and reduces
the amount of data lost in the event of a severe database corruption.
Threshold Procedures
For Sybase, enable a threshold procedure for the last-chance threshold to back up the
log when it runs out of disk space.
Note: Because Microsoft SQL Server does not provide such an option, you must back up
the log frequently to keep the log small.
The following shows a sample Sybase threshold action procedure:
create procedure sp_thresholdaction
@dbname char(40),
@segment_name char(40),
@space_left int,
@status int
as
/* make the thresholdaction procedure backup the log */
declare @backdevice varchar(255)
select @backdevice= '/u/backups/tranfile'+
convert(char(8),getdate(),4)
dump transaction mart to @backdevice
go
Appendix C: Microsoft SQL Server and Sybase Tuning Recommendations 193
Database and Log Sizing
"trunc. log on chkpt" Option
To ensure maximum recoverability, do not enable the “trunc. log on chkpt” option, since
the log is cleared automatically after each checkpoint operation. If the database device
becomes damaged with the log device still active and this option is set, the database
cannot be recovered using the log files since they are almost empty.
Database and Log Sizing
Since the database is a dynamic environment, allow plenty of space for the models you
create. Tests have shown that models generate between 10 KB and 20 KB of data per
entity during initial save times. Log overhead per object is approximately 15 KB to 21 KB
per entity. Allocate 50 to 65 percent of the database size to the log to avoid running out
of room in the log for a typical model save.
An average mart can range in size between 200 MB and 1 Gig. Size the transaction log
accordingly. A 50 MB data device can store several large models (about 2,500 entities
and 100,000 total objects), but keep in mind that the database becomes more flexible
and has less storage space issues when the data device is large.
The following table shows the recommended database size and log size for small,
medium, and large marts:
Database Size
Database Device
Transaction Log Device
Small
200 MB
100 MB
Medium
500 MB
200 MB
Large
1 GB
400 MB
194 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
How to Maintain an Efficient Database
How to Maintain an Efficient Database
To maintain an efficient database, perform the following maintenance tasks:
■
Run UPDATE STATISTICS and execute sp_recompile frequently on every table in the
database. This keeps the statistics up-to-date for the indexes, resulting in better
overall performance.
■
Periodically recreate the clustered indexes in the database to reduce
fragmentation. Be sure to back up the database and transaction log daily.
■
Run DBCC CheckDB(), DBCC CheckCatalog(), and DBCC CheckAlloc() or DBCC
NewAlloc() on the database nightly, to check for corruption and inconsistencies in
the database. Check the output of these queries and look for keywords like corrupt.
Any problems detected by these commands are sent to the query output, so save
the files and scan them regularly.
The following table shows maintenance tasks and the recommended frequency for
performing these tasks:
Maintenance Task
Recommended
Frequency
Reason
DBCC Checkdb
Nightly
Check for corruption in databases.
DBCC NewAlloc
Weekly
Check for allocation corruption
(Microsoft SQL Server only).
DBCC CheckAlloc
Weekly
Check for allocation corruption
(Microsoft SQL Server only).
DBCC CheckCatalog Weekly
Check for system table inconsistencies.
UPDATE STATISTICS Nightly
Recreates the statistics page for each
index.
EXEC sp_recompile
Nightly
Tells which stored procedures have
changed.
Backup Database
Weekly
Full backup of database should be done
at least weekly, if not nightly.
Backup Transaction Daily
Log
Backing up the transaction log daily
saves all committed transactions and
clears the log.
Appendix C: Microsoft SQL Server and Sybase Tuning Recommendations 195
How to Maintain an Efficient Database
DBCC Commands
Use the following DBCC commands to perform maintenance tasks on the database:
DBCC CheckDB(mart)
go
DBCC CheckAlloc(mart)
go
DBCC CheckCatalog(mart)
go
196 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
Appendix D: Oracle Tuning
Recommendations
This section contains the following topics:
Recommended Disk Configurations (see page 197)
Database Configuration (see page 198)
Storage Parameters (see page 203)
Recommended Disk Configurations
Oracle servers are available on many different platforms ranging from PCs to
mainframes. To support the wide range of hardware platforms and application
requirements, Oracle servers have a number of configuration options that you can use
to tailor the behavior of an Oracle database. You can also use these configuration
options to tailor your database. Some of the options documented in this guide only
apply to specific Oracle versions. For further information, see the appropriate Oracle
documentation.
If the Oracle server is not dedicated to the CA ERwin Data Modeler Workgroup Edition
mart, as database administrator you must be careful to balance the requirements of all
users on the server. This is particularly true for database servers that support OLTP (On
Line Transaction Processing) applications that require tight response characteristics.
The layout of Oracle database files on physical disk drives plays a major role in the
performance of the database. When used with CA ERwin Data Modeler Workgroup
Edition, Oracle performs large bursts of database operations (fetches, inserts, updates,
and deletes) in a short period of time. This usage pattern often requires Oracle to
perform a significant amount of disk I/O operations. For good performance, it is
important that as many I/O operations as possible be performed in parallel. This enables
Oracle to retrieve data faster during fetches and to write data faster during inserts,
updates, and deletes.
To maximize parallel I/O access, split the Oracle database files across many physical
disks. Ideally, you should place the database on four physical disks. If this is not possible,
you can use three, two, or one disk systems.
Note: Installing Oracle on a single disk system causes significant performance
degradation.
Appendix D: Oracle Tuning Recommendations 197
Database Configuration
Database Configuration
Proper database configuration is essential to the smooth operation and good
performance of an Oracle database. You can use the configuration options described to
optimize the processing of your Oracle server.
Maximum Number of Processes
Oracle must be preconfigured at startup with a maximum number of processes that can
access the database. The parameter that controls the maximum number of processes,
called PROCESSES, is defined in the INIT.ora or INIT<SID>.ora file. It should be set to the
maximum potential number of concurrent users plus seven. The additional seven are for
Oracle background processes that must also access the database. Setting the number of
processes at a lower value can prevent some users from accessing the server during
peak usage times. Setting the number of processes at a higher value can waste a small
amount of system memory resources.
Shared Pool
The shared pool is an area of Oracle memory that includes two main structures:
■
The library cache, which stores parsed SQL and PL/SQL statements
■
The dictionary cache, which stores the Oracle data dictionary (or Oracle metadata)
The SHARED_POOL_SIZE parameter is defined in the INIT.ora or INIT<SID>.ora file and is
used to regulate the size of the shared pool. Set the SHARED_POOL_SIZE parameter to a
minimum of 3500000 (3.5 million). Setting the shared pool to a smaller value can
degrade performance, forcing Oracle to do disk I/O to retrieve objects that cannot fit in
the shared pool. A larger shared pool may be required, depending on the size and
number of models and the number of users.
198 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
Database Configuration
Buffer Cache
The buffer cache serves as a memory cache for all data going to and from Oracle data
files. When Oracle needs a block of data it first checks whether that block exists in the
buffer cache. If it does, Oracle gets the data from the buffer cache—avoiding disk
access. Having a large enough buffer cache lets the Oracle server bypass most I/O
requests.
Buffer cache size is controlled by the DB_BLOCK_BUFFERS parameter defined in the
INIT.ora or INIT<SID>.ora file. Set the buffer cache to a minimum of 4 MB. Values
smaller than 4 MB force Oracle to do many more I/O requests and significantly degrades
the performance. Values larger than 4 MB improve performance and should be used if
memory is available.
Note: In Oracle, the DB_BLOCK_BUFFERS parameter is specified as a number of
database blocks instead of actual size in bytes. To compute the value of
DB_BLOCK_BUFFERS, divide the desired buffer cache size in bytes by the database block
size defined by the DB_BLOCK_SIZE parameter in the INIT.ora or INIT<SID>.ora file.
Redo Log Files
Redo log files contain a record of all Data Manipulation Language (DML) commands
(such as INSERT, UPDATE, and DELETE commands) performed on the database. As DMLs
are performed, the Oracle engine writes them to sequential redo log files. Periodically,
an Oracle background process retrieves the DMLs from the Redo log files and writes the
actual changes to the Oracle tablespace files. This mechanism lets Oracle defer most of
the I/O burden associated with DMLs to a background process that does not slow down
the client processes.
Note: Oracle Redo log files are treated by the database engine as a ring. When one file
fills up, the engine performs a log switch and starts writing to the next log file in the
ring. When that log file fills, the engine switches again.
The number and size of the Redo log files is an important performance consideration. If
the log files are too small or if there are not enough of them in the ring, Oracle may
have to stall on a log switch. If this happens, the DMLs in the next log in the ring may not
have been written to the tablespace files, and therefore the next log file has not been
archived by the background ARCH process. For more information about Redo log
archiving, see the Oracle documentation.
Redo log files are created when the database is created. However, Redo log files can be
added or deleted at any time using Data Definition Language (DDL) statements.
Appendix D: Oracle Tuning Recommendations 199
Database Configuration
You should have at least four Redo log files, each 2 MB in size. A smaller number of
Redo log files or a smaller Redo log file size can cause I/O bottlenecks. If the disk space is
available, using more than four Redo log files further reduces the chances of delayed log
switches. Larger Redo log files improve performance, but care must be taken to
adequately schedule checkpoints that write DMLs stored in the Redo logs to the
tablespace files.
If the number of disks permits, you should mirror Redo log files by creating Redo log
groups with two mirrored members per group. This offers the database some protection
against single disk errors.
Increase Space in Redo Logs
The number and size of the Redo log files is an important performance consideration.
Redo log files are created when the database is created.
To increase space in the Redo logs
1.
Log in to Oracle using SQL*Plus as SYSDBA or SYSOPER and run the following script
to create eight Redo logs that are 2 MB each:
rem -- parm1 -- temp dir
rem Generate creation script
SELECT 'ALTER DATABASE ADD LOGFILE '''
||
SUBSTR ( MEMBER , 1 , INSTR ( MEMBER , '\' , -1 , 1 ) )
|| 'REDO_11.LOG'' SIZE 2M ;'
from V$LOGFILE
where ROWNUM = 1
and not exists ( SELECT 1 from V$LOGFILE where MEMBER like '%REDO_11.LOG' )
UNION
SELECT 'ALTER DATABASE ADD LOGFILE '''
||
SUBSTR ( MEMBER , 1 , INSTR ( MEMBER , '\' , -1 , 1 ) )
|| 'REDO_12.LOG'' SIZE 2M ;'
from V$LOGFILE
where ROWNUM = 1
and not exists ( SELECT 1 from V$LOGFILE where MEMBER like '%REDO_12.LOG' )
UNION
SELECT 'ALTER DATABASE ADD LOGFILE '''
||
SUBSTR ( MEMBER , 1 , INSTR ( MEMBER , '\' , -1 , 1 ) )
|| 'REDO_13.LOG'' SIZE 2M ;'
from V$LOGFILE
where ROWNUM = 1
and not exists ( SELECT 1 from V$LOGFILE where MEMBER like '%REDO_13.LOG' )
UNION
200 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
Database Configuration
SELECT 'ALTER DATABASE ADD LOGFILE '''
||
SUBSTR ( MEMBER , 1 , INSTR ( MEMBER , '\' , -1 , 1 ) )
|| 'REDO_14.LOG'' SIZE 2M ;'
from V$LOGFILE
where ROWNUM = 1
and not exists ( SELECT 1 from V$LOGFILE where MEMBER like '%REDO_14.LOG' )
UNION
SELECT 'ALTER DATABASE ADD LOGFILE '''
||
SUBSTR ( MEMBER , 1 , INSTR ( MEMBER , '\' , -1 , 1 ) )
|| 'REDO_15.LOG'' SIZE 2M ;'
from V$LOGFILE
where ROWNUM = 1
and not exists ( SELECT 1 from V$LOGFILE where MEMBER like '%REDO_15.LOG' )
UNION
SELECT 'ALTER DATABASE ADD LOGFILE '''
||
SUBSTR ( MEMBER , 1 , INSTR ( MEMBER , '\' , -1 , 1 ) )
|| 'REDO_16.LOG'' SIZE 2M ;'
from V$LOGFILE
where ROWNUM = 1
and not exists ( SELECT 1 from V$LOGFILE where MEMBER like '%REDO_16.LOG' )
UNION
SELECT 'ALTER DATABASE ADD LOGFILE '''
||
SUBSTR ( MEMBER , 1 , INSTR ( MEMBER , '\' , -1 , 1 ) )
|| 'REDO_17.LOG'' SIZE 2M ;'
from V$LOGFILE
where ROWNUM = 1
and not exists ( SELECT 1 from V$LOGFILE where MEMBER like '%REDO_17.LOG' )
UNION
SELECT 'ALTER DATABASE ADD LOGFILE '''
||
SUBSTR ( MEMBER , 1 , INSTR ( MEMBER , '\' , -1 , 1 ) )
|| 'REDO_18.LOG'' SIZE 2M ;'
from V$LOGFILE
where ROWNUM = 1
and not exists ( SELECT 1 from V$LOGFILE where MEMBER like '%REDO_18.LOG' )
.
Spool &1.AddLog.ORA
/
Spool Off
COMMIT ;
SELECT 'ALTER SYSTEM SWITCH LOGFILE ;' from V$LOG where ROWNUM < 5
.
Spool &1.SwtchLog.ORA
/
Spool Off
COMMIT ;
Appendix D: Oracle Tuning Recommendations 201
Database Configuration
rem Generate Deletion script
SELECT 'ALTER DATABASE DROP LOGFILE GROUP ' || TO_CHAR ( GROUP# ) || ' ;' from
V$LOG where BYTES < 2097152
.
Spool &1.DropLog.ORA
/
Spool Off
COMMIT ;
@&1.AddLog.ORA
$Del &1.AddLog.ORA
COMMIT ;
@&1.SwtchLog.ORA
$Del &1.SwtchLog.ORA
COMMIT ;
@&1.DropLog.ORA
$Del &1.DropLog.ORA
COMMIT ;
2.
Run the following query to verify the new Redo log configuration:
SQLWKS> select group#, status, bytes from v$log;
Note: Oracle does not let you drop an older Redo log file that is still ACTIVE. If you must
drop an older Redo log file that is still ACTIVE, drop that log file manually.
Redo Log Buffer
The Redo log buffer is an area in memory that Oracle uses to collect DMLs before they
are written to the Redo log files. The log file write occurs when either a transaction
commits or a Redo log buffer is full. Because CA ERwin Data Modeler Workgroup Edition
tends to generate fairly large transactions, use a log buffer size of 163840 bytes. (For
single disk Oracle installations, use a log buffer size of 655360 bytes.) Setting the Redo
log buffer size to a value smaller than the recommended value can degrade I/O
performance. Using a larger value requires more memory.
The Redo log buffer size is defined using the LOG_BUFFER parameter in the INIT.ora or
INIT<SID>.ora file.
202 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
Storage Parameters
Checkpoints
An Oracle checkpoint is an event that posts DMLs from the Redo log files to the
tablespace files. Checkpoints always occur after a Redo log file switch and can also be
configured to occur at predefined time intervals. For CA ERwin Data Modeler
Workgroup Edition, which generates large transactions, checkpoints should occur only
after log switches to minimize I/O.
To ensure a checkpoint only after a log switch, do not set the
LOG_CHECKPOINT_INTERVAL and LOG_CHECKPOINT_TIMEOUT parameters in the
INIT.ora or INIT<SID>.ora file.
Storage Parameters
Object storage parameters in Oracle determine the amount of space allocated for each
object in the database. Setting these parameters correctly is critical to both operation
and performance of the database. Incorrect storage allocations can cause a database
object to run out of space, which prevents you from saving models to the repository.
Inefficient selection of storage parameters can lead to performance problems by forcing
Oracle to do time-consuming space management operations during DML statement
execution.
Recommendations for storage parameter values differ based on the size of your model:
■
Small data models: 1 to 50 Entities
■
Medium data models: 51 to 100 Entities
■
Large data models: over 100 Entities
Appendix D: Oracle Tuning Recommendations 203
Storage Parameters
Rollback Segments
Rollback segments contain undo information for all changes performed by
noncommitted transactions. Rollback segments are a shared resource used by all active
transactions in the database. When a transaction starts, Oracle binds that transaction to
a particular rollback segment. As DMLs in the transaction execute, rollback segment
space is used. For large transactions, rollback segments may need to allocate new
extents as the transaction continues. When the transaction ends, a properly configured
Oracle database releases the additional rollback extents so that they can be used for
other rollback segments. To ensure that the additional rollback extents are released,
configure the OPTIMAL parameter for each rollback segment.
Use a maximum of five transactions per rollback segment by setting the
TRANSACTIONS_PER_ROLLBACK_SEGMENT parameter in the INIT.ora or INIT<SID>.ora
file. Use the following rollback segment storage parameters for small, medium, and
large models:
Model Type
Initial Extent Size Next Extent Size Optimal Size
Small
1 MB
1 MB
~ 2 MB x (# of transactions)
Medium
6 MB
6 MB
~ 12 MB x (# of transactions)
Large
6 MB
6 MB
~ 12 MB x (# of transactions)
Note: The “# of transactions” is the maximum number of simultaneous CA ERwin Data
Modeler Workgroup Edition connections to Oracle.
In Oracle it is common to see the following error statement when the Rollback logs are
not set up optimally:
ORA-01562 failed to extend rollback segment number string
204 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
Storage Parameters
Set Optimal Configuration for the Rollback Logs
For large transactions, rollback segments may need to allocate new extents as the
transaction continues. When the transaction ends, a properly configured Oracle
database releases the additional rollback extents so that they can be used for other
rollback segments. To ensure that the additional rollback extents are released, configure
the OPTIMAL parameter for each rollback segment.
To set the optimal configuration for the rollback logs of large databases
1.
Log in to Oracle as SYS or SYSTEM and run the following query and check the result
to view the current configuration of the Rollback Segments:
SQLWKS> select SEGMENT_NAME, INITIAL_EXTENT, NEXT_EXTENT, MIN_EXTENTS,
MAX_EXTENTS, STATUS from dba_rollback_segs;
The result is:
SEGMENT_NAME INITIAL_EX NEXT_EXTEN MIN_EXTENT MAX_EXTENT STATUS
SYSTEM
51200 51200
2
121
RB_TEMP
102400 102400
2
121
ONLINE
RB1
2097152
2097152
2
121
ONLINE
RB2
2097152
2097152
2
121
ONLINE
RB3
2097152
2097152
2
121
ONLINE
RB4
2097152
2097152
2
121
ONLINE
RB5
2097152
2097152
2
121
ONLINE
RB6
2097152
2097152
2
121
ONLINE
RB7
2097152
2097152
2
121
ONLINE
RB8
2097152
2097152
2
121
OFFLINE
RB9
2097152
2097152
2
121
OFFLINE
OFFLINE
RB10
2097152
2097152
2
121
OFFLINE
RB11
2097152
2097152
2
121
OFFLINE
RB12
2097152
2097152
2
121
OFFLINE
RB13
2097152
2097152
2
121
OFFLINE
RB14
2097152
2097152
2
121
OFFLINE
RB15
2097152
2097152
2
121
OFFLINE
RB16
2097152
2097152
2
121
OFFLINE
18 rows selected.
Note: In this example, there are sixteen rollback segments with 2 MB INITIAL
EXTENT, 2 MB NEXT EXTENT, and MAX EXTENTS of 121 MB.
Appendix D: Oracle Tuning Recommendations 205
Storage Parameters
2.
Run the following query for each Rollback Segment:
alter rollback segment rb1 offline;
drop rollback segment rb1;
create public rollback segment rb1
tablespace rollback_data
storage (initial 6M
next 6M
minextents 2
maxextents 121
optimal 12M);
alter rollback segment rb1 online;
alter rollback segment rb2 offline;
drop rollback segment rb2;
create public rollback segment rb2
tablespace rollback_data
storage (initial 6M
next 6M
minextents 2
maxextents 121
optimal 12M);
alter rollback segment rb2 online;
<Repeat for each Rollback Segment>
This query sets the optimal Rollback Segment configuration to 6 MB INITIAL
EXTENT, 6 MB NEXT EXTENT, 2 MB MIN EXTENT, 121 MB MAX EXTENT, and 12 MB
OPTIMAL.
206 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
Storage Parameters
3.
Run the following query to verify the Rollback segment configuration changes:
SQLWKS> select SEGMENT_NAME, INITIAL_EXTENT, NEXT_EXTENT,
MIN_EXTENTS,MAX_EXTENTS, STATUS from dba_rollback_segs;
The result is:
SEGMENT_NAME INITIAL_EX NEXT_EXTEN MIN_EXTENT MAX_EXTENT STATUS
SYSTEM
51200 51200
2
121
RB_TEMP
102400 102400
2
121
ONLINE
RB1
6291456
6291456
2
121
ONLINE
RB2
6291456
6291456
2
121
ONLINE
RB3
6291456
6291456
2
121
ONLINE
RB4
6291456
6291456
2
121
ONLINE
RB5
6291456
6291456
2
121
ONLINE
RB6
6291456
6291456
2
121
ONLINE
RB7
6291456
6291456
2
121
ONLINE
RB8
6291456
6291456
2
121
ONLINE
RB9
6291456
6291456
2
121
OFFLINE
ONLINE
RB10
6291456
6291456
2
121
ONLINE
RB11
6291456
6291456
2
121
ONLINE
RB12
6291456
6291456
2
121
ONLINE
RB13
6291456
6291456
2
121
ONLINE
RB14
6291456
6291456
2
121
ONLINE
RB15
6291456
6291456
2
121
ONLINE
RB16
6291456
6291456
2
121
ONLINE
18 rows selected.
Tablespaces
To improve performance you can create more than one tablespace for indexes. Then,
after you install the software, you can move some indexes to the other tablespaces.
The following table lists the suggested initial sizes for DATA and INDEX tablespaces:
Tablespace
Small
Medium
Large
DATA
200 MB
500 MB
1 GB
INDEX
200 MB
250 MB
500 MB
DATA and INDEX tablespaces with these initial sizes can accommodate at least ten
models or versions.
Appendix D: Oracle Tuning Recommendations 207
Appendix E: Sample Files
This section contains the following topics:
Sample workers.properties File (see page 210)
Sample isapi_redirect.properties File (see page 211)
Sample isapi_redirect.reg File (see page 212)
Sample uniworkers.properties File (see page 212)
Sample uriworkermap.properties File (see page 213)
Appendix E: Sample Files 209
Sample workers.properties File
Sample workers.properties File
The workers.properties file includes the following parameters:
worker.list
worker.<workername>.host
worker.<workername>.port
worker.<workername>.type
worker.<workername>.connection_pool_size
The descriptions of the parameters are as follows:
workers. list
Lists all the workers that are defined. When you start the web server, the plug-in
instantiates these workers.
worker.<workername>.host
Defines the IP address of the computer where Tomcat (WA-OP) is installed.
worker. <workername>.port
Defines the port that the AJP workers inside Tomcat listen to. By default,
AJP13.Workers listen to port 8009.
worker. <workername>.type
Defines the type of worker. The type of the worker can be ajp13, ajp14, jni, lb, or
status.
worker. <workername>.connection_pool_size
Defines the number of connections made to AJP back-end.
The following is a sample workers.properties file:
# This file provides minimal jk configuration properties needed to
# connect to Tomcat.
#
# The workers that jk should create and work with
#
worker.list=lb,jk-status
#
# Defining a worker named node1 and of type ajp13
#
worker.node1.type=ajp13
210 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
Sample isapi_redirect.properties File
worker.node1.host=localhost
worker.node1.port=8009
#
# Defining a load balancer
#
worker.lb.type=lb
worker.lb.balance_workers=node1
#
# Define status worker
#
worker.jk-status.type=status
Sample isapi_redirect.properties File
The following is a sample isapi_redirect.properties file:
extension_uri=/jakarta/isapi_redirect.dll
# Full path to the log file for the ISAPI Redirector
log_file=<path to the native_iis folder>\native_IIS\logs\isapi_redirect.log
# Log level (debug, info, warn, error or trace)
log_level=info
# Full path to the workers.properties file
worker_file=<path to the native_iis folder>\native_IIS\workers.properties
# Full path to the uriworkermap.properties file
worker_mount_file=<path to the native_iis
folder>\native_IIS\uriworkermap.properties
In this example, jakarta refers to the virtual directory you have added before you
created the ISAPI filter.
Appendix E: Sample Files 211
Sample isapi_redirect.reg File
Sample isapi_redirect.reg File
The following is a sample isapi_redirect.reg file:
REGEDIT4
[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Apache Software Foundation\Jakarta Isapi
Redirector\1.0]
"extension_uri"="/jakarta/isapi_redirect.dll"
"log_file"="<path to the native_iis folder>\\native_IIS\\logs\\isapi.log"
"log_level"="debug"
"worker_file"="<path to the native_iis folder>\\native_IIS\\workers.properties"
"worker_mount_file"="<path to the native_iis
folder>\\native_IIS\\uriworkermap.properties"
In this example, jakarta refers to the virtual directory you have added before you
created the ISAPI filter.
Sample uniworkers.properties File
The following is a sample uniworkers.properties file:
/MartServer/*=node1
212 Workgroup Edition Implementation and Administration Guide
Sample uriworkermap.properties File
Sample uriworkermap.properties File
The following is a sample uriworkermap.properties file:
# This file provides sample mappings for example wlb
# worker defined in workermap.properties.minimal
# The general syntax for this file is:
# [URL]=[Worker name]
/*=lb
#
# Mount jkstatus to /jkmanager
# For production servers you will need to
# secure the access to the /jkmanager url
#
/jk-manager=jk-status
Appendix E: Sample Files 213

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