CFS Code of Practice - Broad Acre Burning April 2015

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South Australian Country Fire Service
Broad Acre
Code Of Practice
A guide to
assist in the
practice of safe
broad acre
stubble burning
outside of the
fire danger
April 2015
This Code of Practice has been endorsed by the State Bushfire Coordination Committee, 2015 and was developed in partnership with
Primary Producers SA, Producers SA and PIRSA.
Broad Acre Burning code of practice
Broad Acre Burning code of practice
Planning Your Burn
This Code of Practice applies to broad acre burning of stubble on private land across South Australia outside of
the Fire Danger Season (FDS). This Code of Practice covers whole paddock, windrow and stubble dump burn
It does not apply to the following types of burning practices:
This section explains what you should do before
commencing your burn. The elements covered include:
• hazard reduction burning
• Appropriate Weather Conditions
• native vegetation burning for ecological purposes
• Fuel Break Preparation
• private burning of vegetation, commonly referred to as pile burning
• Native Vegetation Considerations
Weather forecasts are important when planning a
broad acre burn. The measurement of actual weather
conditions at the burn site prior to lighting and during
a burn is imperative to keep abreast of unfavourable
changes. Wind speed is an important factor in
achieving a complete and consistent burn but it also
a major factor in fire escape due to spotting that may
occur ahead of the fire front. A maximum wind speed
and the Grass Fire Danger Index (GFDI) can indicate
when a broad acre burn has potential to become
• Firefighting Resources
Statewide Voluntary Code of Practice
This Code of Practice applies to all broad acre stubble burning activities occurring across South Australia
outside of the Fire Danger Season (FDS). It supersedes Local Council Codes of Practice for broad acre stubble
burning outside of the FDS.
• Smoke Management
This section covers the following topics:
• Lighting Equipment and Methods
Broad acre stubble burning is the farm management practice that produces the greatest fire risk every summer
and autumn if not carefully planned and implemented with caution.
Weather conditions conducive to burning continue after the FDS has finished and restrictions on the use of
fire under the Fire and Emergency Services Act, 2005 no longer apply, unless a Total Fire Ban is declared. As
there are no legislative conditions to adhere to, many stubble burning activities are conducted inappropriately
increasing the risk of bushfire and the likelihood of fires escaping into unburnt neighbouring land.
This Code of Practice serves as a guide to the South Australian farming community to assist in the practice of
safe broad acre stubble burning.
• Stubble Characteristics and Fire Behaviour
• Safe Practice Burn Methods
• Monitor the Burn
• Monitor the Weather Conditions
• When the Burn is Complete
• Patrol the Burn Area
The following sections outline the process and resources recommended to plan for and conduct a safe broad
acre burn outside of the Fire Danger Season.
Broad Acre Burn Objectives
The objectives of burning stubble are to reduce crop
residue, weed seed and snails. A successful burn occurs
under weather conditions that produce a complete and
consistent burn. Burns that are patchy or incomplete
leave areas of residue, weed seed and snails. The aim
is to burn when combinations of weather parameters
produce a burn that is consistent, or in the case of
windrow and stubble dump burns, complete, and can
be stopped by fuel breaks and easily extinguished with
Weather Forecast
On the day before you plan to burn access the Bureau
of Meteorology website for the MetEyeTM weather
forecast and warnings for your local area – This will provide a general
view of the weather conditions to expect in the coming
two days. If the weather is forecast to be unfavourable
for the day of your planned burn or the day after,
the burn should be postponed until more favourable
conditions are forecast.
Total Fire Ban Days
Severe, Extreme or Catastrophic fire danger rating
days can still be declared outside of the FDS and, as a
consequence, CFS will declare a Total Fire Ban. Broad
acre burning is NOT permitted on days declared a Total
Fire Ban unless you have a permit issued under the Fire
and Emergency Services Act, 2005. If a Total Fire Ban
has been declared for the following day and you don’t
have a permit, the fire must be fully extinguished by
midnight. On the day of the Total Fire Ban the burnt
area must be inspected regularly to ensure there are no
flare ups. Stubble dump burns are hard to extinguish
completely and will need to be monitored closely.
Actual Weather - “In the Paddock”
Site specific weather conditions must be obtained
prior to lighting and if unfavourable the planned burn
should be postponed. Measure the weather conditions
at least every 2 hours during the burn to keep abreast
of any unfavourable changes; specifically wind speed
SA country fire service
SA country fire service
Broad Acre Burning code of practice
and direction and to a lesser degree temperature
and relative humidity. A hand held weather meter is
required with wind speed to be measured and averaged
over a 10 minute period.
Wind Speed and Spotting Potential
Wind speed is an important factor influencing the
success and potential failure of a broad acre burn.
Moderate winds 20 - 29km/h can move debris resulting
in greater potential for spotting over fuel breaks
through movement of embers ahead of the fire front. DO NOT burn when the wind speed, averaged over
10 minutes, exceeds 19km/hr. Be aware of gusty wind
conditions as embers can be picked up and transported
increasing the potential for spotting issues.
If wind speed is too low, 5km/h or less, fire spread will
not be consistent and burn objectives will not be met.
However, light winds, between 10 – 18km/h, produce a
consistent and complete burn with the fire being easier
to control within fuel breaks with water.
Broad Acre Burning code of practice
DO NOT Burn When GFDI >20
The following table has been calculated using the
McArthur Mk 5 Grassland Fire Danger Index with curing
at 100% and an average fuel load of 4.5 tonne per
hectare. It calculates the average wind speed (km/h)
for different temperature (°C) and relative humidity
(%) combinations that equate to a GFDI of 20. Always
round your measured relative humidity down to the
nearest number. Planned burning must be postponed
when the average wind speed (averaged over 10
minutes) for a particular combination is exceeded. The
yellow cells in the table below indicate average wind
speeds that are recommended for burning. Do Not
Burn if your particular combination of Temperature and
Relative Humidity derive a wind speed that sits within a
white cell in the table.
For the example shown, a temperature of 30°C and
relative humidity of 15% has an average wind speed of
17 km/h. For this particular combination, broad acre
burning operations must be postponed or lighting
ceased if the average wind speed measured in the
paddock exceeds 17km/h.
influenced by a number of factors and can occur at
any time during a burn. Do NOT attempt to burn any
more area, windrows or stubble dumps than can be
controlled by the number of able bodied people and
Able Bodied People
An able bodied person is a person who is competently
able to drive a vehicle and operate a pump and hose.
More able bodied people are required when any of
the following conditions are present to counter act
increased fire escape potential:
• Stubble height exceeds 15cm
Farm Fire Unit(s)
• Windrow height exceeds 15cm
Well maintained and fully operational Farm Fire Unit(s)
must be in the burn area until confident the fire will not
escape. Farm Fire Units and operators must conform
to and follow the Farm Fire Unit Joint Guidelines (www. Activate the amber rotating beacon on
your farm fire unit prior to starting the burn operation.
• Temperature is >30°C
Prior to conducting a burn a 4 metre wide fuel break
must be established around the perimeter of the area
to be burnt to reduce the risk of fire escaping. This also
applies to paddocks containing windrows and stubble
If your burn area contains scattered trees and/or
remnant vegetation you will need to adhere to the
guidelines outlined in the Native Vegetation Council
Information Sheet: Stubble Burning - Protection of
scattered trees and remnant vegetation, which is
available from the Department of Environment, Water
and Natural Resources (DEWNR) website www.
• Relative Humidity is <30%
Fuel breaks are effective as long as the fire is not
SA country fire service
• Stubble residue is present beneath stalks in between
• If the planned burn area is greater than 50 hectares
It is important to plan for appropriate resourcing of
a broad acre burn so that it can be easily controlled
minimising fire escape potential. All equipment must be
maintained to a fully operational standard at all times.
The appropriate amount of resources (people and
equipment) must be readily available during and
after the burn. Be aware that fire escape potential is
• Minimum of 400L of water
• Appropriate number of 9L knapsacks and/or 9L
water extinguishers
• If available it is preferable to have a minimum of
1000L of water as extra fire unit(s) with pump and
• Stubble fuel load exceeds 4 tonne per hectare
It is recommended that the following water equipment
is available at the burn site when whole paddock or
windrow burning:
For stubble dump burning a minimum of 1000L of
water connected to a working firefighting pump and
hose must be kept at hand to extinguish the fire. This is
to remain at the location for a further 24 hours after the
completion of the burn or until the area is ploughed.
A bare earth fuel break is desirable as it is efficient at
stopping the forward spread of a fire however, this is
not always possible. In the case that a fuel break cannot
be bare earth then the 4m break must be sufficiently
disced, ploughed or harrowed so as to break up the
vegetation to provide a boundary where a fire will stop. Roads or tracks or rocky and sandy areas with minimal
vegetation can act as a natural fuel break. Where
paddocks abut vegetation ensure the firebreak is
sufficient to prevent the burn from spotting into it.
Water Resources
• In excess of 3 stubble dumps are planned to be burnt
at the one time
The able bodied person(s) must be present at the
burn site from the time the fire is lit to the time there is
no active fire. The site of the burn should be checked
regularly until the area is machined.
Personal Safety Equipment
Safety equipment must be provided and used
appropriately, including a fully equipped first aid kit
and plenty of drinking water. Appropriate protective
clothing and eye wear must be worn during the burn
operation as per the Farm Fire Unit Joint Guidelines,
where practical.
SA country fire service
Broad Acre Burning code of practice
Broad Acre Burning code of practice
All neighbouring landholders and occupiers must be
notified of your intention to burn 2 - 24 hours prior
to conducting the burn. To prevent unnecessary call
outs you must also notify Adelaide Fire on 8204 3782
of when and where you will be conducting your burn
There are a number of unique home-made equipment
and lighting methods that are constructed and used
to light stubble burns. Safe work practices must be
followed with respect to such devices and methods and
it is the responsibility of the land manager to operate
devices and execute lighting safely. A commercially
constructed drip torch is recommended as it is purpose
built with safety features to prevent unnecessary
malfunction and injury.
More people are to be in attendance if the stubble
height is more than 15 centimetres.
Stubble Fuel Load
At all times ensure there is immediate access to a
UHF CB radio and/or a fully charged mobile phone
that has full service coverage in the burn area. The
mobile phone should be carried on the person at all
times. If relying upon a UHF CB radio there must be a
responsible adult at the other end who can call “000”.
Consider the type of stubble, height of stubble, fuel
load, whether it’s a whole paddock, windrow or stubble
dump burn and modify your burn technique to account
for the differences.
Fuel load influences flame length, flame depth and
fire intensity. Increased stubble fuel loads occur due
to high rainfall throughout the growing season and
modern farming practices through retaining stubble.
Sparse stubble with bare ground will produce a narrow
fire of less intensity than a fire in continuous, heavy
stubble, which will cover more ground and burn with
more intensity. A heavy fuel load will have more debris
that could spot ahead of the fire especially in higher
wind speeds. Embers landing on heavy stubble have
more chance of ignition than embers landing on sparse
stubble. More people and equipment must be available
for a burn if the stubble fuel load is greater than
4 tonnes/ha.
If you lose control of your burn, call “000” immediately.
Stubble Type
Whole Paddock vs Windrow
Burning different types of stubble will produce
variations in fire behaviour. Cereal, canola and legume
stubble exhibit differences in composition, density, stalk
dimension and oil content, which affects fire spread and
Whole paddock burning and windrow burning
operations also create different fire behaviours with
fuel load either spread over a whole paddock or
concentrated in wide or narrow rows. Windrow burns
can often turn into whole paddock burns due to the
inter-row stubble catching alight. This occurs when
the windrow height is greater than 15 centimetres and/
or there is retained stubble on the surface in between
Communicate your burn plan to the able bodied
persons assisting in the burn operation. It is important
to ensure that everyone knows the type of stubble and
composition, the lighting and burn method, their role(s)
in the operation and understanding of contingency
plans should the weather change and/or the fire
become uncontrollable.
To manage smoke production, do not start burning too
early in the day. It is generally recommended that burns
are run between noon and midnight as fuel moisture
will have decreased sufficiently by this time and will
produce less smoke. Do not burn if there are large
amounts of green fuels as this will also cause a smoke
management problem.
Wind direction is a contributing factor to smoke causing
adverse effects on sensitive sites, such as hospitals,
schools, vineyards etc. Note whether or not there are
any sensitive sites nearby and ensure the wind direction
is such that it will not cause smoke to impact on them.
Stubble Height
The signs may be temporary fixed to a rigid guide post
but should not be fixed to other road signs. If stands are
used they need to be capable of remaining upright and
in place under windy conditions. To prevent the need
for signing, make sure the wind direction directs smoke
away from any roads.
Smoke Taint and Grapevines
The resultant height of stubble after harvest can
vary every year, farm to farm, across the State. In
terms of fire behaviour it is well known that grasses
10 centimetres or less is a much lower risk as there
is a lower flame height and the easier a fire will be
controlled. Fuel height influences flame height; the
longer the standing stubble the higher the flame height
will be and the more difficult a fire will be to control. Grapevines exposed to smoke during sensitive growing
periods are likely to render the grapes and subsequent
wine unfit for sale and consumption. The highest
potential for smoke uptake occurs from when the
grapes soften and ripen to harvest. This is typically from
January in the Riverland to early May in the South East.
Heavy exposure for a period of 30 minutes is sufficient
to result in smoke taint.
Stubble Dump
A stubble dump burn produces different fire behaviour
to that of whole paddock or windrow burns. A stubble
dump is a pile of crop residue that is produced during
harvest as opposed to the residue being spread across
the paddock or concentrated in rows behind the
Reducing the risk of smoke taint can be done by;
• Identifying the high risk periods in your area by
contacting with your local grape and wine industry
organisations (contact details are available from
[email protected]).
You must place approved ”SMOKE HAZARD” signs
on both sides of the road if the area to be burnt is
adjacent to a regularly used road and smoke is likely to
blow over the road , impairing the vision and safety of
drivers. These signs should be placed on the shoulder
of the road so they can be seen by drivers before they
encounter smoke.
SA country fire service
• Check with vineyard owners/managers in close
proximity to the burn before commencing.
• Avoiding burning until the grape harvest has been
SA country fire service
Broad Acre Burning code of practice
Broad Acre Burning code of practice
extra leaf residue makes it difficult to contain the fire to
the windrows.
Establish a Protective Burn Break
In the first instance burn the outside two laps of
the paddock before lighting the remainder of the
paddock. Take care to contain the fire to the windrows. Consideration should be given to harvesting low to
reduce the risk of fire spreading into adjacent stubble. Light Remaining Windrows
Light up remaining windrows approximately every
200m under a light cross wind as it will fuel the fire
to the soil surface. If burning into the wind a second
able bodied person is required with a farm fire unit to
extinguish the downwind fire. Do not light up and burn
any more than the available resources can control.
There are stubble burning methods that can be
used to control the direction and rate of burning to
match the wind strength. This ensures the fire can
be controlled should unpredictable and unfavourable
weather conditions arise. The methods for windrow
burning differ to whole paddock burning due to the
characteristics of windrows. The requirements prior to
lighting a stubble dump are different to whole paddock
and windrow burning. Examples of each burning
method are provided as a guide to safe practice.
fire along the leeward edge. If the area to be burnt is on hilly land then burn downhill
where possible. Burning up a steep incline, even against
the wind, is always dangerous practice.
Light the Flank and Windward Sides
Stubble Dump Size
The larger the pile of stubble the harder it will be
to achieve a complete burn and to extinguish. It is
recommended that the size of a stubble dump does
not exceed a height of 0.5 metres and a diameter of 1.5
When a whole paddock burn is complete always make
sure there is no active fire for at least 20 metres into
the burnt area. In comparison, when a windrow burn
is complete, all active fire is extinguished to prevent
re-ignition and accidental lighting of the intervening
standing stubble. Stubble dump burns will need
to be spread out and then extinguished to prevent
smouldering and potential rekindling.
Windrow Burn Method
No stubble dumps are to be burnt within 25 metres of a
boundary fence.
Whole Paddock Burn Method
Following is a recommended burn method that
incorporates safe practice for burning a whole paddock.
Establish a Protective Burn Break
Consider Fuel Type
First light the fire on the leeward side of the land
to establish a protective break of 10 – 20m. It is
recommended to light a spot every 10m along the
leeward edge, which will make the initial fire easy to
manage. The spots will flank out and join up with
moderate fire behaviour compared to lighting a strip of
Lupin and Canola windrows can be burnt with the wind
due to less crop residue in the stubble, however a light
cross wind is ideal. Wheat windrows, especially if yields
were between 2 – 2.5t/ha, are harder to contain to the
windrows so avoid burning or burn into the wind under
cooler conditions. Avoid burning barley stubbles as the
SA country fire service
Establish a Protective Burn Break
Once a protective break is established light part way up
each flank – a length of about 10 – 20m up each side. Then lighting from the windward side of the land can be
undertaken. The flank fires will join with the leeward fire
and the windward fire will meet up with it, producing a
technically safe burn.
Newman, P., Douglas, A., and Peltzer, S, Autumn Weed
Management, Weeds Research Officers, Geraldton,
Katanning and Albany
The following recommendations need to be followed to
ensure safe stubble dump burning.
As with windrows, stubble dumps are surrounded by
standing stubble +/- residue on the surface. In addition
to the 4m fuel break around the paddock containing
the dumps there must be a 20m burnt or cleared area
constructed around each pile. Extra vigilance and
personnel must be employed if planning to burn around
a pile to construct the fuel break.
Following is a recommended burn method that
incorporates safe practice for burning windrows. The
method has been adapted from the following resource:
Always monitor the burn. If the burn area adjoins other
stubble paddocks, be vigilant for spot fires and make
sure gates are open to ensure quick response. Windrow
burns may spot or creep into surrounding standing
stubble and residue, it is important to constantly
monitor what is burning to ensure containment of
the fire to the windrow. Stubble dumps are high and
burn hot due to the amount of compacted fuel. An
unfavourable wind change may pick up burning embers
and distribute them on surrounding fuel causing
unwanted spot fires.
By regularly measuring the weather conditions at the
burn site (2 hourly or when you suspect conditions are
changing) you will be abreast of unfavourable changes
in wind direction and speed. If the wind speed and
direction changes considerably cease lighting and make
every effort to ensure the perimeter is safe.
Stubble Dump Burn Method
harvester. A stubble dump can burn and smoulder
for days due to the concentration and compaction of
material. Such burns need to be monitored for longer
as rekindling can occur at any time and embers can be
blown with unfavourable winds many days after the
burn increasing the potential of fire escape to unwanted
Light a Stubble Dump
It is recommended to first light one stubble dump
and monitor how it burns. If it appears to be burning
consistently and not producing too much smoke then
continue lighting a few more piles.
If it produces too much smoke and does not completely
combust easily do not continue lighting and wait for
more favourable conditions or spread out the pile to
increase the amount of air available for combustion.
DO NOT light more stubble dumps than what can be
managed with the resources on hand. More people and
resources are required if you plan to burn more than 3
dumps at a time.
Regularly patrol the burn area for a number of days
after the operation is completed to guard against
rekindling. This patrolling is especially important if the
following day is a forecast Total Fire Ban. In the case of
burning stubble dumps the burn area and burnt piles
must be monitored closely for a longer time period due
to the difficulty of extinguishing them completely.
It is the burn operator’s responsibility to ensure that
their broad acre burn is conducted safely and contained
within the burn area. Every effort must be made to
follow the recommendations to ensure the burn will not
impact on surrounding land or become uncontrollable.
Remember, if you lose control of
your burn call 000 immediately.
This immediate action may save
lives, property and the environment.
SA country fire service
Broad Acre Burning code of practice
Broad Acre Burning code of practice
1.Ensure the weather conditions are
appropriate for a safe burn.
Unfavourable forecast – postpone the
Total Fire Ban Day – postpone the burn
or plan to extinguish completely before
Review a weather forecast for day of and
day after your burn.
6.Plan for the following water resources to be
available during and after the burn:
Hand held weather meter needs to be at
the burn site.
Measure weather conditions “in the
paddock” prior to and 2 hourly during the
Wind speed exceeds 19km/h.
GFDI is >20.
Bare earth is desirable as most effective.
Roads, tracks, rocky and sandy areas
devoid of vegetation sufficient.
Must be able to stop the forward spread
of the fire.
Disced, ploughed or harrowed break
4.Native Vegetation Considerations
1000L water truck or farm firefighting
trailer with pump and hose, especially if
stubble dump burning.
Conform to Farm Fire Unit Joint
Responsible adult at other end of UHF CB
Put in appropriate fuel breaks as directed.
Stubble height exceeds 15cm.
If the planned burn area is greater than
50 hectares.
In excess of 3 stubble dumps are planned
to be burnt at the one time.
Windrow height exceeds 15cm.
Stubble height and expected fire
Spread stubble dump out if incomplete
Fuel load and expected fire behaviour.
DO NOT light more stubble dumps than
what the available resources can control.
Appropriate and safe lighting device
– commercially constructed drip torch
Always Monitor the Burn
Burn method.
Role(s) of extra able bodied person(s) in
the operation.
Contingency plans.
Light 10 – 20m up flanks from leeward
Light from the windward edge.
Consider fuel type, fuel load and
composition and choose appropriate
weather conditions.
Establish a protective burn break by
burning the outside 2 laps of the paddock
Take care to contain fire to the windrows.
DO NOT burn any more than what the
available resources can control.
Light remaining windrows every 200m
under a light cross wind.
Stubble Dump Burn Method
Wind direction is such that sensitive sites
nearby will not be impacted.
Maximum size of pile – 5m high and 1.5m
Correct signage is used if smoke will
impact a main road.
Establish a 20m burn or cleared area
around each pile – DO NOT burn the
fuel break area if extra personnel are not
Open gates into adjacent paddocks.
Be vigilant for spot fires and extinguish as
they occur.
Be aware that fire intensity varies
depending on what is being burnt.
Always Monitor the Weather Conditions
nMeasure weather conditions 2 hourly.
n Keep abreast of unfavourable changes in
average wind speed.
DO NOT burn any more than what the
available resources can control.
Windrow Burn Method
Fuel moisture has decreased sufficiently.
Large amounts of green fuels are not
Whole Paddock Burn Method
Be aware of smoke production and wind
direction and make sure:
Stubble residue is present beneath stalks
in between windrows.
SA country fire service
Stubble composition – whole paddock,
windrow, stubble dump.
Light a test pile to see if it will burn
consistently and completely.
on leeward side of burn area.
Local CFS brigade.
Consult DEWNR website for protection
Neighbouring landholders and occupiers.
Stubble fuel load exceeds 4 tonne per
Area and type of stubble to be burnt.
nEstablish a protective burn break 10 – 20m
10.Ensure mobile phone and/or UHF CB radio
are present and working at the burn site.
Protective clothing.
Mobile is fully charged and operational at
burn site.
Relative Humidity is <30%.
Plenty of drinking water.
Temperature is >30°C.
DO NOT burn a pile within 25m of a
boundary fence.
First aid kit – fully equipped for burns.
For burn areas containing trees or
remnant vegetation.
Amber rotating beacon activated during
burn operation.
Arrange for extra able bodied people if:
Articulate a Burn Plan and communicate to
extra people who will be attending.
Well maintained and fully operational.
9.Notify the following 2 – 24 hours prior to
conducting the burn:
9L knapsacks and/or water extinguishers.
8.Ensure personal safety equipment is
adequate, present at the burn site and
3.Prepare a 4m wide fuel break around the
burn area.
Minimum 400L of water.
7.Plan for Farm Fire Unit(s) to be available
during and after the burn.
2.DO NOT burn when:
Cease lighting and make every effort
to secure the perimeter if wind speed
exceeds 19km/h or combinations exceed
GFDI 20.
When the burn is complete make sure:
Whole Paddock Burn – no active fire in
burn area for 20m.
Windrow Burn – all active fire extinguished.
All fire must be completely extinguished
by midnight if Total Fire Ban declared for
the following day.
Stubble Dump Burn – spread out pile and
then extinguish completely.
8.Regularly patrol the burn area for days
following the burn.
Especially on the day of a Total Fire Ban.
Prevent rekindling of stubble dumps and/
or windrows.
Remember, it is the burn operator’s responsibility to ensure that the broad acre burn is
adequately resourced, conducted safely and contained within the burn area.
SA country fire service
South Australian Country Fire Service
Broad Acre
Code Of Practice
Level 7, 60 Waymouth St, Adelaide
Postal address: GPO Box 2468, Adelaide SA 5001
Tel: 08 8463 4200 Fax: 08 8463 4234
Email: [email protected]
CFS Bushfire Information Hotline: 1300 362 361
Mount Lofty Ranges and Kangaroo
75 Gawler St, Mount Barker SA 5251
T: 08 8391 1866
F: 08 8391 1877
E: [email protected]
Murraylands and Riverland
10 Second St, Murray Bridge SA 5253
P: PO Box 1371, Murray Bridge SA 5253
T: 08 8532 6800
F: 08 8532 6220
E: [email protected]
South East
46 Smith St, Naracoorte SA 5271
P: PO Box 8, Naracoorte SA 5271
T: 08 8762 2311
F: 08 8762 1865
E: [email protected]
Mount Lofty Ranges, Yorke Peninsula
and Lower North
8 Redbanks Rd, Willaston SA 5118
P: PO Box 1506 Willaston SA 5118
T: 08 8522 6088
F: 08 8522 6404
E: [email protected]
Flinders Ranges, Mid North and Pastoral
3 Main St, Port Augusta SA 5700
P: PO Box 2080, Port Augusta SA 5700
T: 08 8642 2399
F: 08 8641 0176
E: [email protected]
Eyre Peninsula and West Coast
32 Matthew Place, Port Lincoln SA 5606
P: PO Box 555, Port Lincoln SA 5606
T: 08 8682 4266
F: 08 8682 6569
E: [email protected]

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