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Transcript

LINCOLNSHIRE ARCUIVES
COMMITTEE
ARCHIVISTS’
REPORT
1950
-
1951
LINCOLNSHIRE ARCHIVES COMMITTEE
Representing Lindsey County Council
Alderman Mrs. A. Croft Baker.
Alderman G. Canty.
Alderman J. Forrester.
Alderman A. W. Harrison.
Alderman G. W. Lefley.
Councillor Lt.-Col. W. Cracroft-Amcotts, MC., D.L.
Councillor, W. H. Crowder.
Representing Kesteven County Council
Alderman Sir Robert Pattinson, D.L. (Chairman)
Alderman Captain J. S. Reeve.
Councillor Mrs. V. M. P. Webster.
Representing Holland County Councjil
Alderman Lt.-Cal. 0. B. Giles, D.L.
Alderman E. H. Gooch.
Representing Lincoln ,City Council
The Right Worshipful the Mayor of Lincoln (ex-omcio)
(1950~51--Councillor Mrs. E. I. Cowan).
Alderman J. W. F. Hill, MA., LL.M., Litt.D. (Vice-chairman)
Alderman C. E. Snook.
TECHNICAL and ADVISORY SUB-COMMITTEE
Lord Willoughby de Eresby, L.L., (Custos Rotulorum).
The Rev. Canon A. M. Cook, M.A. (representing the Bishop of Lincoln).
The Rev. Canon T. R. Milford, M.A. (representing the Dean and Chapter
of Lincoln).
Professor G. R. Potter, M.A., Ph.D. (representing Sheffield University).
J. C. Holt, Esq., B.A. (representing Nottingham University).
F. W. Brooks, Esq., M.A. (representing University College, Hull).
Dr. W. G. Hoskins, M.Sc., Ph.D. (representing University College, Leicester)
Miss K. Major, M.A., B.Litt. (representing Lincoln Record Society).
E. W. ,Scorer, Esq., O.B.E. (representing Lincolnshire Law Society).
The Rev. P. B. G. Binnall, F.S.A. (representing Lincolnshire Archaeological
Society).
H. J. J. Griffith, Esq. (Lincoln Diocesan Registrar).
Miss J. S. Lumsden, M.A., F.L.A. (Kesteven County Librarian).
A. C. Curtis, Esq., A.L.A. (Lindsey and Holland County Librarian).
F. J. Cooper, Esq., A.L.A., F.R.S.A. (Director of Lincoln Public Library).
Sir Robert Pattinson, D.L. (representing Lincolnshire $$$?s Committee).
1
(Chairman)
Alderman J. W. F. Hill, M.A., LL.M., Litt.D.
(ditto)
Alderman Lt.-Col. 0. B. Giles, D.L.
Councillor Lt.-Col. W. Cracroft-Amcotts, M.C., D.L.
Councillor Mrs. V. M. P. Webster
OFFICERS
Clerk of the Committee :
J. E. Blow, Esq., County Offices, Sleaford, Lines.
Treasurer :
W. C. Elliott, Esq., County Offices, Sleaford.
Archivist :
Mrs. J. Varley, M.A., Record Office, Exchequer Gate, Lincoln.
Assistant Achivist :
) MissLyncym Williamson, M.A., Record Office, Exchequer Gate,
4
INTRODUCTION 8
The past year has shown some change and development in
the work of this office. As shown by the reports for 1948-50, the
repositories of the constituent authorities have been visited and
summary lists of their records have been checked where they
existed or made where they did not exist. It is hoped that the
older of these records not required for current business will be
brought together eventually under the archivists’ care in the proposed repository in the castle at Lincoln.
As at present no
further progress can be made with preparing and adapting the
building for this repositiory, the necessary licences not being
forthcommg, it has been felt that it would be advisable to postpone
further more detailed work on the records of the constituent
authorities until they can be brought into the archivists’ custody.
Each repository has been visited, however, at least once during
the year, some deposited records examined at Boston and Lindsey
County Council Offices, and a checking and re-classifying of the
lists given under rolls, parcels and japanned boxes in W. de Gray
Birch’s Catalogue of the royal charters and other documents . . .
belonging to the corporation of Lincoln (i) has been carried out.
Sleaford has been visited and a list made of the records of the
County Committee at present in the custody of Mr. J. E. Blow as
its clerk. The most marked feature of this year’s work, however,
has been the increased deposit of records which, thanks to the
new shelving purchased by the committee, it has been possible
to accept. In order to have at least some knowledge of the contents of such records it has been found necessary, as at other
local archive offices, to adopt a summary method of reporting for
the first survey of a collection, giving main classes with subdivisions and numbers of documents, places and principal families
referred to and covering dates. The practice of making a card
index of places has been continued.
Some work of a more
detailed nature has also been done on certain classes of records
both diocesan and deposited. The sections below on the court
books and papers in the diocesan records, the Tennyson
D’Eyncourt collection, the Stubton and Maddison collections and
the Browne family deeds are the work of the assistant archivist.
Much of the listing for the Witham Navigation papers was the
work of the archivists’ clerk. The archivist is responsible for the
sections on bishops’ possessions, Garrett’s ,charity, the second
Goulding deposit and further notes on the Toynbee Larken and
Evans deposit. The sorting and summary listing of collections
is shared among the staff and often done together by them.
It is very much regretted that the archivists’ clerk, Miss
Marian Brown, has left to take up another position.
She has
shown very considerable interest, intelligence and skill in reading
and listing records in English from at least the seventeenth
century and great helpfulness in dealing with correspondence,
typing and other clerical duties. Miss Yvonne Wheatcroft has
been appointed to take her place.
(1) Lincoln, 1906.
,
5
2-DEPOSITED RECORDS, LINDSEY COUNTY COUNCIL
(a)-Tennyson D’Eyncourt deposit
A brief account of the deposit of Tennyson D’Eyncourt deeds
made by the British Records Association Records Preservation
Section (B.R.A.747) appeared in the report for 1949-50 (pp. 55-56).
Subsequently the list of B.R.A. 747 has been completed, and about
half of the deposit of the Tennyson D’Eyncourt family temporarily transferred from the custody of the Lindsey County
Council, as noted in the previous report, has now been listed.
The B.R.A. list completed this year contained very little more
than was remarked on last year, beyond some probates and family
settlements which have some value for the history of the
Tennyson family.
The documents deposited with the Lindsey County Council
by Mrs. Tennyson D’Eyncourt comprise large numbers of title
deeds, many of them loose, and a considerable quantity of unbundled papers. These have all been sorted into groups to await
detailed calendaring, which has now been completed for about
half the collection, consisting of the .documents concerned with
properties in Tealby and Grimsby. The Tealby documents are
chiefly title deeds and letters connected with the proying of titles
being generally rather earlier in date than those noted in B.R.A.
747. A number of the titles begin in the early 16th century,
notably that to the Temple Garth estate, the earliest deed in
which is a lease granted in 1526 by Thomas Docwra, prior of the
hospital of S. John of Jerusalem. There are agreements of 1558
and 1712 relating to common rights in the township, and all the
earlier deeds have considerable topographical details. Among
the later documents is the trust deed of a Methodist chapel
founded in 1780 (1) built of clay and thatched. There are also a
number of manorial records of the late 18th century connected
with the dispute about manorial rights in Tealby which arose
between George Termyson and Robert Manners at the time of
the enclosure.
Title deeds
517
items ; papers and letters relating to title, 206 items
1526-1901.
Manorial papers
121 items
in all, 1684-1820. The following classes appear,
the earliest date in each class given in brackets : Precepts
(1803), Presentments (1784), Jury lists (1779), Suit Rolls
(1684 and 1776), Verdicts (1776), Minutes of Court (1791),
Estreats of fines (1782), Court Rolls (1776), Lists of outrents
(1812).
The Grimsby documents are more varied in character. There
are a number of title deeds of purchases or leases by members of
(1) 6-7 May, 1760. There is a certificate of an Independent chapel at Tealby in
the Dissenters’ certificates (Diocesan Records) 1780/5.
6
the Clayton and Tennyson families, there are documents connected with town government and elections which have been
preserved with these records because of the official connections
of the Clayton family and finally there is a mass of papers relating
to the beginning of the Grimsby Haven Navigation and the subsequent “ development ” of the borough in the early 19th century.
The title deeds are of some interest topographically and would
repay close study. They contain street, field and house names
besides much other detail. In a deed for 1709 for example, there
is a reference to stone stairs on a piece of land “ beyond the
haven ” which were used by the inhabitants to take water from
the haven for brewing. A deed of 1731 gives as one of its bounds
“ a house in the market place formerly the sign of the Anchor
now the Ship ” and in 1812 alderman John Lusby leased a “ new
erected house in Queen street or Flottergate with two low rooms
used as a post office.” There is also a curious lease of the Spital
house and lands in 1674, the rent for which is the provision of
“ two geese, two chickens, two girdles, two dozen points, two
garlands, eightpennyworth of white bread, a stone of cheese and
six gallons of ale against thertime of wrastlinge.” The title deeds
also contain much material for a study of the division of the freemen’s lands.
(1) The Claytons themselves were freemen or
aldermen and received their due share, for which lots were cast,
(2) of the closes and marshes, the swangates and the goosegates,
which were held on eleven year leases by the aldermen and free
burgesses. In addition, they were able to buy the leases of their
fellow aldermen and free burgesses and there are frequent assignments to them of shares in the leases.
The conveyances of land in Grimsby have also a certain diplomatic interest. In the 16th and 17th centuries the method of
conveyance is, almost without exception, by a deed poll of enfeoffment having endorsed upon it the witness of delivery of
seizin by the mayor, coroner and bailiffs “ according to the ancient
custom of the town ” and fine “ made in the king’s court at
Grimsby,” the exemplification of which has the mayor’s signature
and seal. Gibbons noted in his report on the corporation muniments some 300 counterpart fines dating in time from Edward III.
to Charles I. (3) which had been recorded before the mayor and
aldermen.
The title deeds and papers relating to the Grimsby Navigation
have been preserved with these records partly because of George
Tennyson’s position as almost the principal shareholder in the
company and partly because he was an alderman and extensive
landowner in the town and therefore intimately concerned with
the development of building sites which followed on the construction of the new dock. There are a number of title deeds
showing that he was engaged from 1797 in exchanging and
(1) For a recent discussion of this point see L. Greenfield Grimsby’s Freemen
(1950) pp. 56-64.
(2) A memorandum of the casting of lots for their shares by all those entitled to
same in 1702 ; dorse of T. d’E. Grimsby IV/l.
(3) Historfcal Mss. Commission Report 14, appendix part viii, p. 287.
.
7
consolidating his holdings in the neighbourhood of the new dock,
In 1811, for example, he purchased from the assignees in
bankruptcy of a London banker the land in the east marsh which
came to be known as the Free Port Wharf. He also received from
the mayor and burgesses building leases in the east marsh, most
of which were taken up by carpenters, joiners and stonemasons,
amongst them Joshua Plaskitt, joiner, who acted as Tennyson’s
Grimsby agent and correspondent. Their association in the
matter of the building of the Custom house was particularly
interesting. There are a number of letters, plans and specifications relating to it which were exchanged between them.
Tennyson contracted to build it on a plot belonging to himself
and employed Plaskitt to submit plans and specifications which
were accepted after some objections from the surveyor to the
Commissioners of Customs. There are also a number of letters
and draft replies written to Tennyson by various officials of the
Navigation company which contain much useful information about
the finances of the company in its early days, when the Lincoln
bankers known as Smith Ellison and company were acting as
treasurers of the company and at the same time advancing money
to it on a mortgage of the tolls and duties of the Hsven. There
are also among these papers detailed accounts for the construction
of the various works undertaken by the company.
In 1806 the development of the east marsh led to a case in
which the right of the mayor and burgesses to dispose of the
commons was disputed. Charles Tennyson was employed by his
father to seek counsel’s opinion on the case and to obtain various
transcripts from the public records relating to the powers of the
corporation, which have been preserved together with many of his
letters and draft briefs. At about the same time the question
of separate revenue officials for the port was being canvassed and
among the papers connected with this subject is a petition to the
Treasury from a merchant named Brandstram who imported
currants from Cephalonia and felt that the port had insufficient
bonding space for his trade.
The remaining papers in the Grimsby group are concerned with
corporation affairs of various kinds preserved with these records
because of the official status of the various members of the
Clayton family. Thus there are suit rolls for the manorial courts,
1756 and 1760, in both of which years Jonathan Clayton appears
as mayor and the chamberlains’ accounts for 1739-40 when
Christopher Clayton was mayor. There are also two drafts of a
letter to Sir Robert Sutton, written in 1726, to remind him of his
promise to help clear up the debt on the church repairs account,
the bearer of which was George Clayton, besides certain papers in
a case relative to the reinstatement of a freeman (1) with the
One paper
conduct of which George Clayton was charged.
contains the defendant’s brief in a case brought against
Christopher Clayton by Miles Wray af$er the election of 1734,
(1)
The court book entry about this case is mentioned Ibid. p. 287 and
Greenfield also refers to it, op. cit., 23-4.
MiSS
8
in which damages of &X,500 were claimed for alleged bribery and
in the course of which it was claimed that the defendant had
always sufficient interest to secure the election of one member.
The remaining election papers relate to the county elections of
1818 and 1832. There are among them private notes by Georget
and Charles Tennyson, printed appeals to the electorate, including
an announcement of 1818 that Mr. Chaplin’s committee had
appointed “ conductors ” for his voters in the county elections of
that year, lists of the polls, and an election ribbon with the legend
“ A plumper for Tennyson.”
Title Deeds
343 items,
1611-1825
Letters and papers relating to titles
40 items, 1810-23.
Letters, papers, plans and accounts
Relating to the Grimsby Haven navigation, 85 items, 1341
(copy) to 1814.
Election papers
12 items, 1701-1832.
Manorial papers
7 items, rentals
1743-59, suit rolls 1752-69.
Corporation administration
6 items, 1722-40.
(b) Harlaxton Collection
This interesting collection mainly relating to places in the
parts of Kesteven was deposited in the Lindsey County Council
muniment room, as a manorial repository, by the Gregory family
at the time of the sale of Harlaxton Manor. Parts of it had been
arranged and catalogued by Mr. W. Jeayes of the British Museum
at the end of the 19th century ; the medieval deeds remain as he
arranged them in small cloth-covered boxes and with them are
his detailed descriptions of the deeds. Some of these descriptions
were used by Sir Alfred Welby for notes on the Denton family
and on the Priory of Belvoir (1). The collection has suffered from
damp and many of the medieval deeds are very fragile.
The medieval deeds in the collection are concerned chiefly
with the ppssesaions of the abbot and convent of Belvoir in
Hungerton and Wyville, the first being a counterpart of a grant
of the vi11 of Hungerton and Wyville by William de Aubeny III.
to his son Robert, which is printed in the Historical Manuscripts
Commission Report on the Belvoir manuscripts (2). In this group
(1) Lincolnshire Notes and Queries, xii (191%3), 221-2. 233-6.
(2) H.M.C.R. 17 (1905) vol. IV. Ancient charters etc. p. 164.
9
are also receipts for payments made to the prior and convent in
respect of pensions from the parsonage of Hungerton and Wyville
and from the chantry priests of Grantham (late 15th and 16th
centuries).
Title deeds
Harlaxton, Hungerton and Wyville and Denton, 139 loose
deeds, 40 packets, early 13th c.-1833.
Nottingham, Swine Green, 1 packet, 1750-1827.
Settlements, and Probates
Land in Harlaxton and Denton, 1 packet, 1733-1825.
Miscellaneous
papers
Family of Gregory, 1 packet, 1648-1750.
3 HOLLAND COUNTY COUNCIL
The listing of deposited plans and awards was completed and
brief lists were also made of certain collections deposited in the
county offices. These appear to have been deposited principally
by the firm of Mossop and Bowser.
Title deeds
Long Sutton 1702-96, 33 items ; Sutton St. Mary 1680-1843,
65 items ; Leake 1708-37 ; Gedney 1704 ; Colyton Co.
Devon 1663, 32, 1 and 1 items.
Manorial Records
East and West Deeping 27 rolls 1684-1855, 8 admissions,
1782-1848.
Gedney Burlion 8 rolls 1705-65.
Sutton Cranwell 2 rolls 1812-60, 5 admissions 1689-1785.
Sutton Guanock 1 roll 1722-47.
Sutton Holland, 5 admissions 1709-20.
Waltham Hall in Takely Co. Essex 1 roll 1771-1833.
Sutton Guanock, a rental, 1808.
Plans and Surveys, public works
Drainage and railways : Spalding and Holbeach, Moulton
and Fosdyke, Whaplode, Deeping, Sutton St. James and
St. Nicholas, 15 items, late 17th c. to 1920.
4 CITY OF LINCOLN
the report for 1948-9 reference was made to the very detailed list of corporation records prepared by W. de Gray Birch
Checking has helped to confirm the
and published in 1906.
general accuracy of his descriptions. The defects of his report are
mainly that Birch apparently felt obliged to perpetuate the subdivision of the records into groups of their existing and somewhat
chaotic conditions of storage, namely charters, rolls, books, parcels
and boxes, and that although he attempted some chronological rearrangement in his lists he did not pay much attention to classiIn
10
fication within the groups. The list is therefore useful in detail
but difficult to use in order to gain a general view. An attempt
has been made already to show some grouping by classes of the
charters (1948-9 Report) and the books (1949-50 Report). Here
follow similar attempts for rolls, parcels and boxes, and fuller
classified lists of these, with the reference number and Birch’s
page number are available in the office.
ROLLS
Administration
Plans
Of properties held by lease of the corporation in Lincoln,
many by J. S. Padley, 29, 1826-34.
Of other corporation properties in Lincoln, 6, 1846-59 ;
Canwick estate, 1, 1880 ; Castlethorpe estate, 1, 1836.
Of utilities and amenities, lodge in arboretum, 3 undated ;
Butter market, 1, 1875 ; new Burton road, 4, 1879 ; City
gaol, 1 undated ; South Bar police station, 1, undated ;
land for sewage disposal, 1, undated ; diversion of Sincil
dyke, 1, 1880.
Orders, schemes, reports, tenders
Copy, order for widening s. side of waterside, 1,179l ; Witham
Waterway, 1, undated ; tenders, lodges on commons and
alterations to cattle market hotel, 1 packet, 1836-8, 1869.
Petitions and Memorials
Public baths and swimming baths, 2, 1889 ; for reduction of
taxation, 1, 1851 ; against local government act of 1858,
1, 1859 ; against stoppage to High Street by railway, 1,
c. 1847, on effect of railway on navigation of Fossdyke
and Witham, 1, undated ; against the sale of the Cow
Paddle, 2, 1875 ; for the removal of the Stonbow, 1,
undated ; for a footbridge over the Witham near the
locks, 1, 1862 ; against waste of water by conduit pipes,
1, undated ; for use of the sheep market as a general free
market, 1, 1901 ; against a grant to encourage the races,
1, undated.
Charities and Schools
,
Rules made at a Visitation, Grammar School, 1757 ; Clerkenwell Explosion relief fund, Lincoln Subscribers, 1868.
Enrolment and deposit
Bonds and recognizances under the Statute Merchant ;
1609-10, 1611-30, 1623-5, 1691-94.
Bonds and recognizances relating to offences charged before
the mayor and magistrates ; 1758-62.
Sacrament certificates 1707-85.
Freemen called at Great Court Leet, 1761-95 ; of the city,
1762-1800.
1588-95,
11
List of voters for members of parliament, 1878.
Six plans relating to railway sites, Lincoln and neighbouring
parishes ; 1862.
Extension of siding, Lincoln Gas Co., undated.
NOTE.-Additional rolls not mentioned in Birch, included in this
.
class : Railway plans, 1846-1924, 10 items.
Tramways, 1881,190l ; Local Board Sewage, 1871-2.
Plan of Ashton’s Court, Public Health Act 1875, 1885.
Finance
Exchequer Quietus on the “ Great Roll,’ sheriffs of Lincoln,
1771-99.
Summons of Exchequer Court for city debts due to the Board
of Green Wax ; 1792-7.
Summons of Exchequer Court of the Pipe, for city debts and
fines, 1792.
Vouchers for money paid to vagrants, 1742-3, 1754 (see also
under Parcels).
Tables of tolls and rates, 17th century.
Accounts of mayor and chamberlains, 1685-1835.
Miscellaneous
Four leaves from liturgy books formerly used as covers,
15th c.
,
PARCELS
Administration
Byelaws
General, under Municipal Corporation Acts, also for storage
of coals, street betting, wharfs, commons, dogs, weights
and measures, refusal to hold office, education, abattoirs,
1854-1903. (See also Misc. papers in this group)
Cattle diseases
:
Papers, orders, reports, etc., relating to contagious diseases.
of animals, muzzling of dogs, swine fever, etc., 1883-1903.
(See also under correspondence in this group)
Correspondence
General, letters received for certain months and years only,
1868-9, misc. bundles of correspondence, reports, drafts,
1891-8, a bundle relating to trade correspondence, Dawber
and Gentel, maltsters, and cattle regulations, 1869. (See
also Misc. Papers in this group, and other classes for
certain types of correspondence)
Elections
Papers relating to districts and boundaries, 1879, 1899-1900.
Papers, lists, declarations, notices, etc., re municipal
elections, 1892-1902.
12
Ward lists of citizens, upper, middle, lower, 1860-Z.
Parliamentary elections, list of freemen 1907-8, vouchers and
papers relating to expenses of M.P.s, 1857,1859,1862. (See
also under Boxes)
Paper, balloting lists, returns, registers for various wards,
1898-1905.
Ente&inments
Bolids and agreements, licences of managers, 1869-1900.
Lunatics
Miscellaneous papers and correspondence for the asylum at
Bracebridge, 184’7-96.
Markets
Papers, memorials, tenders, accounts, etc., 1883-1900.
Miscellaneous Papers
Mainly local, agreements, treasurers’ and tenants’ bonds,
appointment of charity trustees, commons, fire insurance
policies, valuation and sale of property, bye-laws, and
papers relating to railways, 1819-95.
Mainly local, printed ; Acts, schemes, reports, bye-laws,
1875-1902.
General, mainly printed ; Association of Municipal Corporations, papers, reports, digests of case:, reports, agricultural department of privy council on diseases of animals,
ditto. veterinary department, board of agriculture,
1880-1900.
Officers
Papers relating to appointments of various corporation
off%zers, signed and sealed, 1855-1905.
Applications for mayors’ and sheriffs’ officers, $898.
Election of auditors and other officers, 1883-1900 (not a
continuous series).
Property
Misc. papers, copies of orders, particulars, plans, draft conveyances, leases, Lincoln with some Bucks. property
(Hanslope and Castlethorpe) 1794-1900 (mainly post
1880)
Report by’ John Collingwood on all landed estates, 1877,
printed schedules of property, 1881, 1896, Papers, correspondence, reports, estates in Bucks. 1874-90, correspondence relating to the Arboretum 1894-8, Papers, plans
relating to sale of land adjoining Church House, Lincoln,
1898-1900, Fire Insurance policies, 1872-1901, Papers concerning lease of Race Course Grand Stand, 1893-7.
Schools
Attendance officers’ reports, etc., 1895.
13
Special Occasions
Programmes, advertisements, etc., relating to Celebrations,
royal Jubilees, Marriage of Princess of Teck and Duke
of York, Coronation (sermon only) 1887-1902.
Mayor’s invitation to funeral of the Hon. Alexander Leslie
Melville, 1881.
Subscription, famine in India, 1897.
Enrolment, registration and deposit
Lincolnshire Agricultural Society, rules, prize lists, notices,
correspondence, etc., 1873-1903.
Senior Freemen’s fund, accounts and papers, 1851-87.
Explosives, papers, forms, regulations under Act of 1875.
Railway, letters, papers, plans, direct line from Grantham
,
to Lincoln, 1862.
Finance
Papers, accounts, vagrant money, allowances to militia
families, 1750-66.
Files of vouchers, relating to accounts of chamberlains,
mayors, with some vagrant vouchers and charity vouchers, gaol
accounts, 1752-1835.
Papers relating to rateable value and rates, 1886-90.
Abstracts, receipt and expenditure accounts, not for every
year, 1861-89.
Abstracts of audited accounts, not for every year, 1869-93.
BOXES
Nor&-These are already stored on a classified basis in that they
relate to administration, but the contents of the various boxes
are somewhat miscellaneous.
Box labelled Watch Committee
Papers relating to Fire Brigade, police, explosives, dogs,
prisons, weights and measures, traffic regulations, petrol licences,
1874-1902.
Box labelled Parliqmentary Bills Committee
Bundles relating to the following topics, mainly associated
with bills, but not entirely.
Railways
London and Birmingham, 1832 ; Great Northern, 1868-82 ;
Hull and Lincoln, 1883 ; Great Northern ,and Manchester,
Sheffield and Lines., 1858-77, 1891 ; Manchester, Sheffield
and Lines., 1874-83 ; Lanes., Derbs. and East Coast,
1891-4. ,
Navigations
Trent, 1858, 1887 ;-- Witham, 1877-81.
14
Various Acts and Bills
Local Government Act, 1858, adoption 1866 ; Lincoln Corporation Gas Purchase Act, 1885 ; Lincoln Corporation
Bill and Borough Funds Act, 1872, 1880 ; Lincoln Corporation Bill to create consolidated stock, 1888 ; papers
re stock and funds, 1881 ; Public’ Health Acts, 1886 ;
Local Taxation Act, 1890.
Corporation Property
Sale of Monks Leys Common, Arboretum Wall, 1870-7 ;
Hanslope and Castlethorpe Estate, 1872-4 ; Land at
Boultham Waterworks, 1873.
Schools
Grammar School, copy of deed for union of two schools, 1583 ;
papers, 1850-98 ; the same 1871-4.
Papers relating to Corporation Schools, 1898-9 ; the same,
’ 1900-02.
Officers
Applications, testimonials, for post of city surveyor, 1876.
Papers relating to salaries and wages in various towns, of
town clerks, treasurers, etc., 1885-93.
Miscellaneous
Memorial to Home Secretary against law relating to Clubs,
1885.
Box labelled Municipal Elections
Papers in bundles relating to the following years : 1872-4,
1875, 1876-8, 1879-80, 1881, 1882, 1883, 1884, 1, 1884, 2, 1885, 1861, 1,
1886, 2, 1887, 1888, 1889, 1889, 1, 1889, 2, 1889, 3, 1890, 1, 1890, 2,
1891, 1891-3.
Box labelled Arboretum Committee
Papers, correspondence, tenders, reports relating to the above,
1868-93, Arboretum Committee minutes, 1870-2, copy of bye-laws,
1872.
Papers relating to the Grammar School and Christ’s Hospital,
* 1881-3, Diseases of Animcds, 1874-91.
Box labelled Commons, races, market, rivers and wharves
City Commons
Byelaws, printed, 1870-l ; ditto Scheme, 1876-86 ; Misc. papers
relating to Commons and markets including Minutes of
meeting of commoners, 1866 ; Lists of tolls, no date ;
Canwick Common Scheme, printed, and sales there and
at Swine Green, 1869 ; Lincoln Common Scheme, plan
and section, 1869; Monks Leys, draft conveyances 1870,’
Lines. Angling Association, 1886-1902.
.
15
Box, Finance, Estates and General Purposes Committee
Property
Including Brown’s Closes, undated ; Bucks, estates, 1837-73 ;
Milford Leys, farmstead, 1880 ; various properties,
1874-91 ; city stocks, 1874-84.
Miscellaneous bundles
Railways, 1834 ; Licences, prisons, 1876-9 ; Ecclesiastical
Commissioners, 1878-1880 ; Byelaws, 1851-69 ; Lincoln
Gas Light and Coke Co. Act, 1881 ; School of Art, 1883-5 ;
Public Free Library, 1887 ; Local Government Board,
1888 ; Weights and Measures, 1859-91 ; and other misc.
papers 1896-1902.
Box labelled Miscellaneous
Schools attendances, applications by teachers, reports, etc.,
1866-93 ; Royal Agriculture Shows, 1874-92 ; Railway rates, 1885 ;
April Sheep and Cattle Fairs, 1879 ; Municipal buildings, petition
re site, undated ; Attendance of Councillors, 1871-84 ; other misc.
papers, 1874-93.
5 COUNTY COMMITTEE
(a)-At the Castle
As the result of an application for permission to examine the
records of his predecessor by the Prison doctor to the Clerk of the
County Committee, who in his turn asked the archivist to enquire
into such records, a considerable collection of records was found
to be at the Castle in most unsuitable conditions on a floor, where
they had been deposited during the war having been hastily
turned out of cupboards required for other purposes.
These
records have now been cleaned from mould and dirt, wrapped,
and placed in a well-ventilated locked room. The archivist is
very grateful to Dr. Prewer for drawing attention to them, and
to Mr. Westwood for helping to locate them and to transport them
to better surroundings. They are now placed under the care of
the archivist and can be made available for use at Exchequer gate
when required. Some permanent discolouration and weakening
of bindings has resulted from their harsh experiences and papers
.for one year of the gaol sessions have been torn wholesale out of
their bindings and removed, but the majority have cleaned up
reasonably well and are fit to use.
A list of these records has been made and a copy sent to the
Clerk of the County Committee. Some of the most important are
letters and papers of Gaol Sessions, 1824-60, the order books of
the magistrates, 1817-78, and letter books, of commissioners for
erecting the County Hall, 1822-28, and of gaol sessions, 1833-50.
There are also the journals of the prison officers, the chief officer
known first as keeper, then gaoler, then governor, 1824-78, chaplain 1823-78, surgeon, 1823-78, matron, 1848-78. There are some
contracts for building the county hall, 1823-4, contracts and speci-
16
fications for work done at other periods, inventories of furniture
in the gaol and judges’ house, and many bundles of vouchers and
accounts of surveyors keepers, housekeepers of the judges’ house,
as well as vouchers for militia storehouses.
There are some
bundles of cases and opinions, 1825-36, some relating to the castle
boundaries and the encroachments of Philip Ball, some to the
liability of the boroughs of Boston, Grimsby, Grantham and
Stamford to contribute to the county gaol, and a collection of acts
of parliament relative to the powers of the county committee and
its predece.ssors, justices of the three divisions of the county in the
castle and prison. There are a few more recent bundles of county
committee draft minutes, 1889-91, and coroners’ vouchers, 1887-9.
In addition to these records, it is happier to report that some
have survived in good condition in the Jury Room in the Assize
Courts, and in a small store room nearby. These include minutes
of the proceedings of commissioners for erecting the county hall,
1822-30, minutes and accounts of joint sessions for the upkeep of the gaol, beginning in 1741, with lists of visiting magistrates till
1874 (1) an inventory of the judges’ house 1812, a file of reports
relating to the escape of a prisoner in 1854, and some visitors’
books for the castle, 1884-1923. These have now been placed with
the other records.
(b)-At
Sleaford
These are the records of the County Committee kept by the
Clerk and handed over to Mr. J. E. Blow by his predecessor
Colonel Edmund Larken. Some of the earlier of these records
as well as some of those already mentioned as being at the castle,
were previously kept at Sleaford when William Forbes, Clerk to
the Kesteven Quarter Sessions was clerk to the joint sessions
of justices, as is shown by a list made in his time and still preserved in the Sessions House at Sleaford with the Quarter
Sessions records. There are minutes of the County meetings of
magistrates of the three divisions of the county from 1792-1823
when they were superseded by gaol sessions, under the Act of
1824, minutes of the gaol sessions which begin as a series of books
in 1842, and are superseded by the minutes of the County Committe in 1889, under the Local Government Act of 1888, and
minutes of the County Committee 1889 1946. There is a volume
of extracts from the records of the duchy of Lancaster, with some
reports on the castle and encroachments in the dikings, and lists
of outrents compiled in 1831 and received from the duchy steward.
There are title deeds for the castle and judges’ lodgings, covering
a period 1657-1817 and for other properties in the mound and
moat and for the old barracks at Lincoln and Grantham. There
are some folders of recent papers relating to the properties, and
of vouchers and draft minutes since 1889 which have not been
fully examined. A list of the main classes is being prepared to
be submitted to the Clerk of the County Committee in order that
a decision may be taken as to which of these records shall pass
into the care of the,archivist.
(1) After 1792 Minutes are only occasional or copied. Has various special matters
such as copies of documents relating to the purchase of the Castle, 1831.
17
From the above records something of the history of the County
Committee and its predecessors begins’ to emerge Regular
meetings of the magistrates of the three divisions of the County
are seen to be held from 1741 to transact business relating to the
castle and gaol. Under an Act of 1809 they have authority to
build the county hall for holding the assizes and under the Act
of 1824 their powers with regard to the gaol were consolidated.
They further were enabled by the Act of 1831 to acquire from the
duchy of Lancaster the castle and certain associated properties,
They continued to administer these properties and the gaol till
1878 when the Lincoln prison was built, and continued to be
known as the gaol sessions until 1889. They have continued to
administer the castle and other properties, the assize courts and
the judges’ lodgings to the present day.
6-DIOCESAN RECORDS
(a) Of the Diocesan Record Office
Bishop’s Possessions
Both the visit of the archivist to the repository of the Church
Commissioners, referred to in the report for 1949-50 p.62, and the
discovery of certain additional documents relating to temporalities in the Alnwick Tower had some influence in bringing about
a beginning of a more detailed study of some records relating to
the bishops’ estates. Much inf,ormation concerning the temporalities in the early middle ages may be derived from the Registrum
Antiquissimum of the Cathedral Church of Lincoln in course of
publication with the Lincoln Record Society, now being edited
by Miss Kathleen Major in accordance with the plan laid down
by the late Canon C. W. Foster (1). There follows a period for
which some information might be obtained by patient work on
the memoranda volumes of the bishops’ registers and the chapter
acts with their confirmations of bishops’ grants and leases, but
for which no series of title deeds, court rolls and other document.s
is known to exist. Scattered survivals are encountered here and
there, such as c’ourt rolls for the bishop’s manor at Louth, some
preserved at Louth Museum, some among the muniments of the
Lord Monson, and a 16th century copy of a 13th century survey
of the bishops’ manor of Stow and a roll of reliefs, fines and
merchets, etc., for various episcopal manors (used as a cover for
a 17th century entry book) were both found among the later
manorial records for Stow described in the report for 194950 pp.
48-50. In time other such scattered survivals may be recorded
surviving among the records of those who suceeded to the
episcopal estates. This state of affairs may be attributed to the
great changes in the bishops’ landed and other properties resulting from action taken in the time of Bishop Holbeach. There
still seems insufficient evidence to judge fully the nature and
effects of the extraordinary action of the bishop in granting away
manors and lands which had be,en part of the estates of the
Church for centuries to the grasping Duke of Somerset, protector
in the minority of Edward VI. Some few of these properties were
later returned to the see together with numbers of rectories, for(1) IAkxln Record Society, ~01s. 27-29, 32, 34, 41 and 42.
18
merly appropriated to religious houses and therefore already
plundered from the Church at the time of the dissolution. For
these post reformation propertimes, the manors of Nettleham,
Bishop Norton and Dunholme in Lincolnshire, the manor of Buckden in Huntingdonshire, and a number of rectories, most of which
were in Lincolnshire, consid,erable survivals of records remain.
some at Lincoln and some in the repository of the Church Commi,ssioners. Two lists of the bishops’ estates shave been prepared,
one based on the Valor Ecclesiasticus and a Ministers’ Account
roll of 1509-10, showing the pre-reformation properties, the other
taken from a 17th century survey. The first of these shows that
the bishops had manors or lands in the following places: Asfordby,
Knighton, Leicester, Thurmaston, Co. Leic., Balderton, Clifton,
Coddington, Kilvington, Moreland in South Scarle and Girton,
Newark, East Stoke and Winthorpe, Co. Nott., Banbury and its
hamlets, Great Bourton, Cropredy and hamlets, Dorchester, Tetsworth, Tham,e and hamlets, Wardington, and North Weston in
Haseley Co. Oxon., Biggleswade Co. Bed., Buckden and Spaldwick Co. Hunt., Caldecote and Liddington Co. Rutland, Dunholme,
Holbeach, Lincoln, Louth, Mumby, Nettleham, Bishop Norton,
Sleaford, Stow Co. Lincoln, Fingest and Wooburn Co. Buck.,
Kilsby and Farndon Co. Northant.
The second list gives the
manors of Nettleham, Dunholme and Bishop Norton in Lincoln,
of Buckden Co. Huntingdon, lands at Bishopsdale, in Kettlethorpe
and Hathow, in Burton by Lincoln, the Palace at Lincoln, and
the following rectories ; Alford cum Rigsby, Alvingham, Bardney,
Barnetby, Bitchfield, Burgh le Marsh, Clee, Cockermgton St.
L‘eonard, Cranwell, Dunston, Gainsborough, Hacconby, Hogsthorpe, Holbeach, Horbling, Huttoft, Humberstone, Maidenwell,
Marton, Messingham, Morton by Bourne, Mumby, Northorpe,
Orby, Quadring, Middle Rasen, Tupholme, Saxilby: Scopwick,
Stallingborough, Stickford, Tetney, Thornton (college)., Whitton,
Wigtoft, Winthorpe, Woodhall in Co. Lincoln, and Evmgton Co.
Leic., Lancing, Sussex, Llanllwni Co. Carm., and Worksop Co.
Nott. Later changes in the bishops’
ates by sale for the pur‘poses of redemption of Land Tax c.17
nd by arrangem’ent with
the Etidesiastical Commissioners about the middle of the last
century are referred to below. (1)
Three groups of records have been ca’lendared in some detail
and had a card index of places made The first of these is a series
of copies, apparently contemporary, of various documents relating mainly to the changes of temporalities in the 16th century
referred to abov,e. Among them are the licence to alienate 18th
August, 1547, the conveyance by the bishop to Edward Duke of
Somerset 21 August, 1547, some re-conveyances of some of these
properties to John Thynne, Esq., and Robert Kelway, the former
being steward to the Duke of Somerset, apparently in trust as
they were later conveyed to Edward Seymour son of the Duke of
Somerset and Katherine his wife. Confirmations of grants of the
prebendaries of Banbury and Cropredy of their properties to the
same trustees also occur among the copies and are similarly
passed on. There are two copies of grants relating to the appro(1) See below pp. 19 and 22
1
9
priated rectories. Unfort,unately, it is not a complete series
covering all the transactions of the time. Other items in this small
group are a copy of part of Quo Warrant0 proceedings d,ealing
with the rights of the bishop in the manors of Thame and Dorchester, said to be based on letters patent of 3 Edward III, and
dated 35 H’enry VIII, and a copy of a claim of the bishop to rights
in the forest of “Lyefield” Co. Rutland at a court of the forest held
at Ketton during the reign of Henry VIII (part of the date is missing). There are 19 items in this group.
The second group consists of 125 original leases and counterparts which have been brought together from various places, in
eluding some separate oneas loose in the box Bishops Possessions
and some from the Alnwick Tower, together with some in orderly
bundles, ranging from an undated one of apparently tlhe 16th
century to 1867. The third group is a series of 159 draft leases
surrenders, etc., ranging from 1803-1852. The original leases have
bundles as follows:-Nettleham 1661.-1860, 21 items, the Old
Palace, Lin#coln, 1727-1839, 31 items. West Ravendale, 1744-1864,
52 items, and other items, single unless otherwise stated, for the
following places.-Newark, 16th century, Lancing, a bond only,
1548, Dorchester, a bond to deliver a court roll, 1564, Tetney, 1736,
Cranwefll, 1799, Lusby, Hareby and Hagworthingham, 8 (1818-63),
Haydour and Lincoln St. Margaret. prebendal property originally,
3, 1814-53, High Toynton, plans and memoranda, 1864-7. There is
also kept with some of these leases a book of plans of the Lincoln
bishopric permanent estate as set up by arrangement with the
Ecclesiastical Commissioners, 1864, covering land in Riseholme,
St. Margaret and St. Peter in Eastgate, Lincoln, the palace, Lincoln, Lusby, Hagworthingham and Hareby, Nettleham, West
Ravendale and High Toynton. There are draft leases for all the
properties referred to in the list taken from the 17th century
survey given above except for Alford, Cranwell, Dunholme, Humberstone, Huttoft, the Palace, Lincoln, Marton, Orby, Saxilby,
Scopwick, Stickford, Thornton Curtis and Lancing, some of which
were sold in c. 1799 for redemption of Land Tax.
These lea!ses and draft leases are a useful series for studying
the nature of this leasehold property. The leases might be for 21
years or three lives but they very seldom if ever seem to have
been allowed to go for a full course. The existing tenant appears
to have had at least the option on renewal, and if ‘he assigned his
lease it was usual to have a surrender and a new lease granted.
It may be assumed that the chief financial advantage to the bishop
was the fine on the renewal of a lease, but the amount of this is
only once referred to, the sum of .Z5,000 for Morton in 1820 (1).
The yearly rent was a small sum which remained unchanged
throughout the period covered by the documents as a basic rent.
Some additional rents were charged in re,spect of Land Tax redemption after 1799, and in the case of rectories, for augmentation
of stipends of vicars. Sometimes an additional rent was charged
in respect of improvement by enclosure, as for Bishop Norton in
1831 (2) and Woodhall in 1832 (3). Some rents partly in kind still
(1) B.P. Draft leases, 31 a., in a case paper.
(2) Ibid. 68.
(3) Ibid. 69.
20
were paid, as at Stallingborough in 1817, when barley for thje poor
and straw for the church were to be given to the churchwardens
(1) at Hogsthorpe, where the lessees still were asked to find all
expenses on Maundy Thursday in bread, wine and wax for the
church in 1844 (2), and Nettleham where 10 strikes of malt for
every oxgang of land were asked for in 1661 (3), the bishop having
the option to ask for 20 instead in 1696 (4). Accommodation was
to be provided at Mumby in 1824 of the fairest parlour in the parsonage house and the chamber over it with a stable for two horses
and a place to dress meat in and lay bread, beer, fuel, hay and
litter for the use of the Vicar of Mumby (5) and rooms for use of
the bishop during visitations were to be provided in the house at
the Palace, Lincoln (6) and for the prebendary of Haydour when
he visited that place to ,preach or to survey the property (7).
Lessees frequently covenanted to pay taxes, do repairs of buildings or chancels in the case of rectories, to deliver terriers, and to
pay procurations and synodals. In Burgh and Winthorpe they
covenanted to repair sea banks, and there and at West Ravendale
the tenant had the$right of hedge boot, plough boot, and cart boot.
There is an interesting clause at West Ravendale for payment of
.ZlO a year for every acre of old grass land broken up without the
consent of the lessor but there are allso two examples at least of
such consent being endorsed on the lease (8). Many of the leases
were made excepting the advowson, and excepting also great
timber. A strange error crept into leases of 1820 and 1828 where
there is reference to a prohibition against cutting down walnut
trees at Hathow pasture which was later corrected to trees of warrant (9). These leases also have a covenant for the tenant to
repair Hathow bridge. The archaic nature of some of these terms
is matched by the occasional description of lands as being of the
late monastery of such a place and the repetition of descriptions
of propertie,s from lease to lease suggests that there may well be
a time lag between the description in the lease and the actual
state of the property. At West Ravendale reference was made to
“ a lease under an ancient description ” in 1864 (10). The lessor in
most cases was the bishop, but for the property in West Raxendale, only part of the bishopric estate in 1864, the lessors were the
chapter of the collegiate church of St. Mary Southwell, and for
Haydour, also new property at the same date, the prebendary of
Haydour.
The leases provide also much detailed information about
topography, which, even if used with caution in case of archaisms,
is of much interest, giving field and other local names in the
bounds of properties. Some of the more urban leasets also have
interesting details. The fragment of a 16 c. lease for Newark, mentions the pannage and herbage of the castle ditch, two fulling
mills, a fishery under the castle and a separate water about
LNewark, a pasture called Tolneys, the farm of the warren and
wapentake, the manor of Balderton and town of Haughton, (11).
The leases and counterparts for the palace, Lincoln, refer to the
(1) Ibid. 18.
(2) Ibid. 113.
(3) B.P. Orig. Leases 7.
(4) Ibid. 11.
(5) B.P. Dralt Leases, 47.
(81 B.P. Orig. Leases 27 (1833) and subsequent leases.
(7) Ibid. 52 (1814)
(8) Ibid. 92-94 (1781-95).
(9) B.P. Draft Leases, 33, 75.
The 1828 draft is missing.
(10) B.P. Orig. leases, 108.
(11) Ibid. 1.
21
dwellinghouse in which James Debiah then dwelt (now incorporated in the present old Palace) with stable, square tower, and two
vaults adjoining, and so much of the buildings now ruined and decayed as shall not be moved and carried away pursuant to a grant ,
thereof made by the bishop for the repairs of the cathedral church,
*the lessee to add to and repair the dwelling house and to have
stone, wood and other materials from the ruined palace and also
brick, tile, timber and stone from the old tower called the garden
tower (1). There is also an agreement and counterpart between
Elizabeth Amcotts “owner of the said palace” and the minister
and some of the inhabitants of the parish of St. Michael for a right
of way from the palace through the churchyard to the High Street
for which Elizabeth Am’cotts undertook to do som’e work and
erect some fencing and to maintain the passage, two papers, signed
and sealed in 1752 (2). An item of interest for Stallingborough is
a draft conveyance in trust by th$e freeholders to Matthew
Boucherett Esq. for the purposes of redistribution by way of enclosure, dated 1720 (3).
There are copies of wills and other documents of interest for
family history among the draft and original leases, such as of the
will of France,s Buckworth, sister of Charles Amcotts, who died
intestate, and of her niece Elizabeth Ingleby Amcotts (4), of the
will of Robert Carr Brackenbury of Raithby Hall 1818 (5) and of
a surrender of impropriate tithes and lands in Burgh le Marsh and
Winthorpe in 1841 which gives a very detailed account of the
settlement under the will of John George Lord Monson with
appointment of trustees and mortgages and assignments of leases
(6).
The draft leases have their own interest, since they include
copies of surrenders, assignments, rough drafts and fair copies of
leases and other documents leading up to the drawing up of a new
lease. They often have comments of the legal advisors of the respective parties, and instructions [email protected] the drawing up and
procedure for getting the new lease signed. An endorsement of
a draft lease of Woodhall Rectory in 1832 instructs that the lease
and counterpart shall be ingrossed and places for seals put so that
the lessor and lessee may execute both parts as duplicates (7). A
note on a draft lease of Holbeach rectory in 1837 has instructions
in the hand of Richard Smith, registrar of the bishop:
*’ Lease and counterpart very neatly done as the estate is a large
one, soon as may be” (8). Most of the earlier leases had named
attornies to deliver and receive seisin, but one for Hacconby ir:
1.852 has a note that delivery of seisin is no longer required under
the Act of 8-9 Victoria C.106.s.2 (9). A draft surrender and engrossment, draft leases and leases and counterparts of the rectory
of Quadring were to be “carefully examined and sent on Saturday
next, the 20th instant by 2 o’clock to the Spread Eagle Inn, Grantham Street, in a parcel directed for Richard Glead Esq., Domtg(1) Ibid. 55. 1727. For more information about the grant for repairing the
Cathedral see episcopal register 38, 132-3 (1726).
(2) Ibid. 58.
(3) B.P. Draft leases 19.
(4) B.P. Orig. leases, 65-6.
(5) Ibid. 44.
(6) B.P. draft leases 97.
(7) B.P. draft leases 69.
(8) Ibid. 85.
(9) Ibid. 155.
22
ton, Spalding, Lincoln coach, to be left at Gosberton toll bar ” (1).
Calendars of the copies of documents, and of original and draft
leaseIs described above have been made, also an index of places.
Land .Tax
There are a series of papers relating partly to the bishops’
estates but also to the estates of other dignitaries and persons for
whom John Hodgson of Bartletts Buildings, London, and Buckden
acted in the matter of Land Tax Redemption. They were found
in the Alnwick Tower, consisting of the following groups :
1. Bundles of correspondence arranged alphabetically under
places, relating to redemption of land tax on the bishops’ estates
mainly from the lessees to the bishop, 1798-1801. Thirty six places
are dealt with, with several papers for each, having reference to
amounts of taxation on the duplicates, returns of certificates of
redemption, etc.
2. A bundle of papers including schedules of Lincolnshire
leaseholders of the bishop and correspondence with the 1. ti.nd Tax
Commissioners for Lines. and their clerks, mainly 1798-9,25 items.
3. A bundle of correspondence relating to the sale of the
estate at Huttoft for the purpose of raising money for Land Tax
redemption with a valuation of the estate taken 1789, 25 ‘terns,
Jan.-Sept. 1799 25 items.
4. Conveyance,s or countterparts of sale of the rectory of
Cranwell, the pasture called Harthy in Brampton, Co. Hunt. (with
a view of the estate) the rectory of Huttoft, of Lancing (copy only
as the original was endorsed on a marriage settlement, which refers to making a drinking among the parishioners in Lent) of
Saxilby 1799-1801, and certificates of contract for the redemption
of land tax by a consideration of the transfer of sums in consols
or reduced annuities to the commissioners for the redemption of
nk of England for Evington Co. Leic.,
the national debt at t’,e
Hogsthorpe, Morton, Bitt9field and Tetney, 1799.
5.
Notebooks and papers of John Hodgson as follows :
1. Note book with memoranda on the progress of Land Tax
redemption for the bishop and dean and chapter of Lncoln,
bishop and dean and chapter of Salisbury, bishop of
Chester, bishop of St. Davids, prebendary of Empingham,
some clergy in the Lincoln diocese, the treasurer of Salisbury, etc., 1801-8.
2. Bundles of papers, memoranda and list of contracts for
the redemption of Land Tax on tI,e estate.s of the dean and
chapter of Lincoln. Bill of charges of Hodgson’s and
Fardell’s expensesL
Appointment of John Hodgson as
attorney to receive dividends on annuities bought to redeem
land tax 1801-3. 14 items.
3. Somewhat similar memoranda for the e,states of the dean
and chapter, Salisbury, 1807-g. 7 items.
4. Somewhat similar memoranda for the bishop of Salisbury’s estates, 1799-1802. 18 Ztems.
Ibid. 40.
e.
*
23
5. Further Salisbury memoranda and two letters from John
to Christopher Hodgson 1806. 7 items.
_
6. A bundle draft tionsents of the bishop to sale of glebe, for
land tax redemption, with valuations and particulars of land to
be sold, apparently John Hodgson acting, for tile follow;ng places:
Walkern Co. Hert., Claypole north mediety, Fiskerton, Raithby,
South Hykeham, Market Rasen, North Leverton, Belton, Loughborough, Co. Leic., Welwyn, Hemel Hempstead, Keyworth, Co.
Hert., Farnham Royal, Co. Buck., Empingham prebend, 1798-1805.
7. Abstract of memorials for exonerating small livings from
land tax, giving annual value and source of income, 15 pages.
Various livings throughout the diocese.
An index of places to these Land Tax items has been made.
Court Books to 1660
T’,e following list is concerned chiefly with those books
placed by Canon Foster in the series Court Books episcopal and
archideaconal. It is necessary, however, to point out that certain
of these court books, e.g. Ci/l are not acts of court in the accepted
sense, that many of the so cali ed Visitation books are in fact court
books for correction cases and can be fitted into the regular
sequence, and that instance and correction cases were treated together, at the same courts, in the earlier bookis of the series.
In three of the earlier court books (Ci/2, Ci/3 A, Ci/3 C) tile
judges and places of session show considerable variety and correction and instance were’dealt with together. It seems that the
bishop, vicar-general and official principal and chancellor dealt
indiscriminately with all types of case, thougl1 this cannot be
confirmed without much further study. Tile acts of this early
period do however appear to refer to the bishop’s court of audience since the courts follow the bishop in (his journeying. By
1560/2 (Ci/3 E) the bishop’s acts appear to be recorded separately
and though no continuous series corum episcopo has survived, the
preservation of no less tllan three #similar books for the period
1595-1608, that is for the episcopate of William Chaderton, (Ci/ll,
Ci/lZ, C1/14) suggests the possibility of the existence of such a
series. The acts in the four surviving books concern cases of correction and instance, but include also records of presentations,
visitations of the prebend of Buckden and special enquiries such
as those relating to Puritanical clergy. (1). The titl’e of Ci/ll is
Liber Actorum Instantiarum.
Meanwhile the earliest court book of the vicar-general sitting
alone apart from the bisllop (Ci/7) covers the years 1554-6 aqd
deals only with instance cases. It was called, in a much later hand,
“Act book of the Consistory court,” but there is no sign of a contemporary title. The court in this case was sitting at Lincoln,
chiefly in the church of St. Peter at Arches and this was, with the
cl,urch of St. Michael on the Mount, the site of the court for the
years 1572-8 (Ci/9, Ci/lO) during which the vicar-general and his
(1) See The State of the Church, L.R.S. 23, ed. C.W. Foster, pp. lxvii. seq.
24
surrogates sat together with the official of the archdeacon of Lincoln. Duplicates of portions of Ci/9 (April, 1573-March, 1574/5)
#seem to survive in Ci/5 D (Dec. 1573-Oct. 1574) and in Ci/9 ff.20
v. seq., (Jan. to March 1574/5); it is impossible to say to which of
the judges they b’elonged. No court book of the vicar-general for
instance cases survives after this until 1604-6 (Ci/15 B. and 15 C)
when the court sat in Huntingdon in the parish churches of St.
Benedict or All Saints, at Great Paxton or at Stamford St. Mary
in Lincolnshire. This series continued with sittings at Stamford
(Ci/17 and Ci/16 B) ‘until 1610 when Othowell Hill succeeded
John Belley as vicar-general, and was known, where it was named
as Libri actorum instantiarzum (Ci/17).
With Othowell Hill a different arrangement was made for instance cases: while some were heard at Lincoln in the consistory
court, others were heard at Grantham. (Ci/16 C, Ci/18., Ci/ZO A),
which !according to the only contemporary title (C1.18, Liber
instan’ Grantham) was the chief place for court sessions. Christopher Wivell seems t,o have returned to Lincoln for his instance
courts (Ci/20 A and B) although there is a single example (Ci/l9)
af instance and correction cases for the southern parts of the
diocese (countie(s of Bedford, Buckingham and Hertford) being
heard by him in various parish churches in those counties, July
1614 to Sept. 1615.
John Farmery returned to Lincoln for his instance courts
tCi/22 and *Ci/23) but it should be noted that by this time he and
his surrogates were sitting with the Chancellor, and that the title
of one book at least is Liber actorum coram cant. Though this
title occurs only once again, in 1634-6 in a book of correction
(Ci/25) it is certain that other and earlier examples, which were
separate from the vicar-general’s books, once existed and perhaps
were kept in Lincoln. In Ci/20 f.28,14 July, 1615, there is a reference to the fact that further details in a certain case were entered
in Zibro coram cant apud Lincoln. Moreover, there are among the
Leicester archdeaconry records for the years 1612-13 books of
office and instance (ID41/13/38 and ID41/11/44) called Coram
cant, which must presumably have been preserved at Leicester ;
one is tempted by the thought that there were similar books in
each archdeaconry but more investigation is needed to find out if
this is true. Separate correction books appear at an early stage
among the episcopal records. There is one for the year 1538 (Vi/l0
part ii) which appears to belong solely to the court of the VicarGeneral sitting at Liddington while in others of about the same
period (Ci/3 C and Vi/12 ii) the bishop, vicar-general and various
commissaries all sit as judges. The second of these is known as
Liber Detectionurn. There are in addition two books of correction
(Ci/16 and Ci/3 D) for the years 1539/40 and 1549/50) in which
the courts of an episcopal commissary, in one case for Oxford, in
another Bedford, are recorded. There is no further example of an
episcopal correction boo$ until 1602-3 (Ci/13) when the vicargeneral sat at Godman’chester or Stamford St. Mary. This was
followed by Ci/15 A (1603) when courts were held by the vicargeneral at Godmanchester, Great Paxton and Huntingdon All
Saints and Ci,/16 A (1605/7) for courts at Huntingdon All Saints
25
and Stamford St. Mary. There is no further example of a correction book of the same type until 1631-4 (Ci/24 A and B) when the
vicar-general sat chiefly at Stamford St. Mary or in the consistory
court at Lincoln, The first of these is entitled Liber in negotiis ex
officio mero spud Stamford 1631. This was followed in 1634-6 by a
court book of the vicar-general and chancellor sitting at Lincoln,
which is labelled coram cant’ (Ci/25) and by the series of books
of corrections 1634-40, where the judge was the commissary of the
archbishop, sitting because of metropolitical visitation and then
during the suspension of Bishop Williams (Ci/26,28,30 A and B) .
The first of these is labelled Corum commissario and the fourth
Ex officio mero.
The arrangement of all these books is fairly
homogeneous. There is usually a heading giving the name of the
judge and the place and date of session and the cases are arranged
below in one of two ways.
Some have the heading Officium
domini contra followed by the name of the accused, while others
have a parish name followed by one or more names of accused.
Some of both types of heading are often found in each court. The
second type of heading, with parishes arranged in deaneries and
even archdeaconries, predominates, though not to the exclusion
of the ofjicium domini type in the second group of correction
books, those named by Canon Foster “Visitation Books.” It should
be noted in this connection that when the term Visitation book
appears in a contemporary hand it is applied only to what would
more properly be called a Liber CEeri (Vi/l0 part 2). It is used in
a similar connection in the Leicester archdeaconry records where
the Libri Detectionurn resemble the general Lincoln type of
Visitation book. These books begin as a regular series only in 1604
(Vi/l@; they are arranged by deanery and parish under headings
giving the visitation day and visitor’s name for the deanery concerned and it is clear that they are the records of a process on a
number of different court days. Some of them have a few cases
where the office of the judge is promoted by a third person
(ojjicium domini promotum per). In 1615 (Vi/24), 1621 (Vi/25)
and 1623-5 (Vi/26) lists of court days are given on the fly leaves
and Vi/24 and 25 both refer to other court records noted in the
archdeacon’s book. They may refer to Vii/l8 (1623) when John
Farmery the judge is called vicar-general, official principal, and
official of the archdeacon. Vi/21 (1611), Vi/23 (1614), Vi/24 and
Vi / 25 are all called Liber officii or Liber ex officio. Vi/23 is made
more precise by the addition of upud Grantham and a list of the
deaneries in S. Lines and Leicester with which it dealt. There
seems no doubt that they are a part of the court records of office
just as much as those previously noted and they do indeed fill in
gaps in the two series.
The records of the archdeaconry courts show a similar distinction between In,stance and Correction. There is a single surviving
instance book for Stow for the period before 1660, Ciii/l, (1584-5)
and there are also three Detection or Correction books Viii/l
(1623), Viii/2 (1631) and Viii/3 (1635)) the third of which is labelled Detectiones injra urchid’ Stow fact’. The Lincoln archdeaconry
records are more numerous. There are instance books of the official for the years 1536-45 (Cii/l) and 1549-53 (Cii/2) but a regular
series begins only in 156WO (Cii/l5 B and Cii/4) when the court
26
sat in St. Michael on the Mount at Lincoln. These ‘were followed
as we have seen by joint sessions with the vicar-general for the
next eight years, but in 1578 the archdeaconry records again become separate (Cii/5) and continue in an almost unbroken series
to 1612 (Cii/l4) making occasional reappearances after this date.
The correction books are entirely of the “visitation book” type;
th.ey begin as a series in 1564 (Vii/a); those from 1616 (Vii/l6 and
17) appear to have divided the archdeaconry into two portions, that
for the south being headed like its episcopal counterpart Liber
Two others (Vii/l9 and 21) are labelled
officii Grantham.
Detectiones.
Finally, it may be useful to draw attention to certain points
about the make up of the bqoks. There are clear signs, including
numbering within gatherings, marks of foldings and blank leaves,
that in many case8 the acts of each court day were entered on
separate quires, which were bound up later. Moreover they have
been numbered long before they were bound together, and this
supposition is strengthened by the gaps in numbering in existing
books, some of which may be filled by quires found elsewhere (cf.
Ci/30 and Ci/3Oc.). There are too many gaps in the series and in
the existing books t,o make it possible to say with any certainty
whether the quires were bound up at regular intervals, or when
the court year can be said to begin. Not all are numbered in anything like a contemporary hand and many bear endorsements and
numbers in a late 17 c. hand closely resembling that which
arranged the court papers. The covers, where they exist, are not
particularly helpful and rarely contain much writing.
CHRONOLOGICAL LIST OF COURT BOOKS
Episcopal, Of Instance
D ATES
Ci/2 1514-1520.
No.
Ci/3A
Ci/4
1525-1527.
1527-1530.
1539-40.
21 May 155429 April, 1556.
Ci/3E 14 May 156030 Sept. 1562.
Ci/8 2 1 F e b . - l 2 D e c .
1572.
Ci/9 3 April 157311 Mar. 1575.
Ci/5D 4 Dec. 157315 Oct. 1574.
Ci/lO 6 J u l y 1 5 7 6 1 Feb. 1577.
Ci/6
Ci/7
J UDGES
Bishop or surrogate, Vicar-General
Chancellor, Commissary of Leicester.
Bishop or surrogate, Vicar-General,
Chancellor.
Vicar-General, Chancellor, Commissary General.
Com.missary of Oxford.
Book of acts of consistory court.
Bishop or surrogate, Special commissary.
Vicar-General.
Vicar-General.
Vicar-General.
Vicar-General.
27
DATES
No.
Ci/ll 22 Nov. 159526 July, 1598.
Ci/12 9 Sept. 15983 Dec. 1600.
Ci/13 23 April 160221 June, 1603.
Ci/14 26 April, 160213 Jan. 1608.
Ci/l5B 28 Feb.1604 11 April 1605.
Ci/15C 24 April 160528 May, 1606.
Ci/17 3 July 16066 Oct. 1607.
Ci/lGB 9 Nov. 160817 Jan. 1609.
Ci/lGC 27 Mar.10 Oct. 1610.
Ci/18 5 June 161027 Nov. 1611.
Ci/19 3 July 161419 Sept. 1615.
Ci/20A 28 June 161510 Dec. 1616.
Ci/21A 15 Jan. 16182 Nov. 1620.
Ci/BOB 13-27 Oct. 1619.
Ci/22 14 June-18 Nov.
1621.
Ci/23 30 Mar. 162615 Mar. 1627.
Ci/28 30 Mar. 163724 Oct. 1638.
Ci/29 3 April 1638March 1639.
Ci/3OC 22 Oct. and
1 Dee 1640.
Ci/31 1146pl-30 July
Ci/32 1 April 164125 Feb. 1642.
JUDGES
Bishop or surrogate, Vicar-General.
Bishop or surrogate, Vicar-General.
Vicar-General.
Bishop or surrogate< Commissary of
the King.
Vicar-General.
Vicar-General.
Vicar-General.
Vicar-General.
Vicar-General.
Vicar-General (Liber Instan:
Grantham).
Vicar-General.
Vicar-General.
Vicar-General.
Vicar-General.
Vicar-General, Chancellor.
Vicar-General, Chancellor, Liber
actorum coram cant’
Commissary of the archbishop.
Commissary of the archbishop.
Commissary of the archbishop.
Commissary of the archbishop.
Vicar-General, Chancellor.
Episcopal, Correction.
Ci/2
1514-1520..
Ci/SA 1525-1527.
Ci/4 1527-1530.
Vi/l0 1538.
Bishop or surrogate, Vicar-General,
Chancellor, Commissary of Leicester.
Bishop or surrogate, Vicar-General,
Chancellor.
Vicar-General, Chancellor.
Vicar-General.
,
28
No.
DATES
JUDGES
Commissary of Oxford.
Ci./6 1539-1540.
Vi/l1 1539-1541.
Bishop or surrogate, Vicar-General
Ci/3C 25 Aug. 154217 Jan. 1547.
Vi/12 1543.
Commissary of Bedford.
Ci/SD 1549-1550.
Bishop or surrogate, Special commisCi/SE 14 May 1560sary.
30 Sept. 1562.
Vicar-General.
Ci/13 23 April 160221 June 1603.
Bishop or surrogate, Commissary of
Ci/14 26 April 1602the King.
13 Jan. 1608.
Ci/l5A l~o~ly-10 Nov. Vicar-General.
Vi/18 1604.’
Ci/lGA 3 Oct. 1605:
2 Dec. 1607.
Vi/17 1607/8.
Vi/21 1611.
Vi / 23 1614.
Ci/19 13 July 161419 Sept. 1615.
Vi/24 1618.
Vi/25 1621.
Vi/26 1623-1625.
Ci/24A 30 June 163129 Feb. 1632.
C!i/24B 16 Mar. 16326 Mar. 1634.
Vi/28 1635.
Ci/25 27 Mar. 163426 Feb. 1636.
Ci/26 8 May 163415 Jan. 1636.
Vi/29 1636.
Vi/31 1638.
Ci/SOA 8 April 163813 Mar. 1639.
Ci/SOB 8 April 163915 July, 1640.
Vicar-General.
Vicar-General, Liber officii Grantham.
Liber officii Epis.
Liber officii Epia.
Liber in negotiis ex ofhcio’mero.
Vicar-General, Chancellor.
Coram Cant’
Commissary of the archbishop.
Vicar-General.
Commissary of the archbishop.
Commissary of the archbishop.
Commissary of the archbishop.
Archidiaconal, Lincolp. Instance
Cii/ 1 1536-1545
Cii/2 1549-1553.
Cii/4 16th July 1568-16 June 1570.
Cii/lfiB 1 March 1570-24 Jan. 1571.
Ci/S 21 Feb. 1572-12 Dec. 1572.
Ci/9 3 April 1573-15 Oct. 1574.
Ci/5D 4 Dec. 1573-15 Oct. 1574.
29
No.
DATES
JUDGES (where given)
Ci/lO 6 July 1576-11 June 1578.
Cii/5 25 June 1578-4 March 1580.
Cii/SB 18 Mar. 1580-15 July 1580.
Cii/G 22 Jan. 1585-3 June 1586.
Cii/3C,D,E 1 Dec. 1587-14 Feb. 1589.
Cii/7A 18 July 1589-8 July 1590.
Cii/8 2 June 1592-19 Jan. 1593/4.
Cii/7B 13 May 1596-16 Sept. 1596.
Cii/7C 19 Nov. 1596-9 June 1597..
Cii/S 3 Nov. 1597-23 Nov. 1598.
Cii/lGB 31 Jan-12 June 1600.
Cii/lO 19 Feb.-l5 Dec. 1601.
Cii/ll 20 Jan. 1603-11 Jan. 1604.
Cii/l2 9 Jan.-l3 Dec. 1604.
Cii/l3A 27 Feb-28 May 1606.
Cii/l3B January-27 May 1609. coram Commissario et officiale
Hill (1610).
Cii/l4 25 Sept. 1610-11 Mar. 1611/12.
Ci/21A 15 Jan. 1618-2 Nov. 1620.
Ci/BlB 25 Oct. 1621-19 Mar. 1624. T
Cii/16A 13 and 23 April 1624.
Ci/32 1 April 1641-25 Feb. 1642.
Archidiaconal, Lincoln. Correction
Vii/l
Vii/2
Vii/3
Vii/4
Vii/5
Vii/6
Vii/7
Vii/8
Vii/9
Vii/l0
Vii/l1
Vii/ 13
Vii/ 14
Vii/l5
Vii/l6
Vii/ 17
Vii/l8
Vii/l9
Vii/21
1533-1538.
1564.
1567.
1569.
1570.
1572-1573.
1575.
1598.
1690.
1601.
1608.
1610.
1612.
1615.
1616.
1616-1617.
1623.
1629.
1638.
Liber officii Grantham.
Detectiones in visitacione.
Office
Archidiacbnal, Stow. Instance.
C/iii/l 1584-88.
Viii/l
Viii/2
Viii/3
1623
1631
1635
30
Court Papers
Thi,s class has been assembled from a number of boxes containing papers known to Canon Foster as Miscellanea, Citations,
Penances, Excommunications and Inhibitions, and in part sorted
in his time into chronological order, and from unsorted boxes and
parcels at Exchequer Gate and in the Alnwick Tower (1). It was
clear from the endorsements on many of these papers that they
had originally been filed in subject bundles and traces of the following files have been noted:
Proxies for appearance in court : 1602-5, 1607, 1608, 1613-4.
Libels and allegations and interrogatories: 1580.
Libels, allegations, personal answers and depositions: 1598-9.
1601, 1603-5.
Articles and Answers thereto: 1602.
Certificates and Exhibits relating to eccle,siastical affairs :
1612-3.
Commissions, inhibitions, monitions and citations from the
court of arches: 1596-8.
Certificates of excommunicate persons : 1595-7.
Certificates for the wives of clergy: 1597-1613.
The hand which endorsed these files made similar endorsements on court books of the same period (2) and it labelled correspondence files in the years 1585, 1601, 1621, 1627, 1628 and
Letter testimonial files in 1626 and 1640. It is clearly not a contemporary endorsement since, apart from the evidence of the
handwriting, the same man can scarcely have labelled bundles
over the whole period between 1580 and 1640. Further study of
other files of papers may reveal his identity, in the meantime it is
clear that there was a certain amount of activity in the episcopal
registry in the years 1670-80. In Jan. 1677/8 the chancellor and
vicar-general William Howell wrote to the registrar pointing out
the defective binding of many of the an’cient books (3). Moreover
copies and lists were being made of some of the financial and other
records at about the same period (4).
The handwriting and numerals of the endorsements resemble
the side headings of episcopal register 34 (1675-91) and the head(1) One of these boxes came from the office of Mr. T. Inskiu Ladd. rezistrar
of the archdeacon of Huntingdon, in 1938.
(2) e.g. Ci/7, Cii/lSB.
(3) Red Book f.289. This perhaps fixes the date for the binding or re-binding of
the registers cf. C. W. Foster, Associated Archaeological and ArchiteWsal
Societies’ Reports and Papers (henceforth described as A.A.S.R.), 41 pt.
2 p.159.
(4) e.g. Bishop Fuller’s Transcripts especially f.68 v. A list of terrars and endowments which are in the office at Buckden 1674 and the Liber Chartarum
a true copy made by Wyat Francis cuiusdam libri qui custodiri solebat in
registro generali domini episcopi Lincoln,
I
31
ings of the Liber Patronum (1) a survey of incumbents and patrons which is said in the title to be copied by Thomas Gilbert N.P.
Many of the Presentation deeds of the period 1680-1700 were annotated by Thomas Gilbert and William Draycott and indexes were
prepared under their supervision (2). It seems at least possible
that the files of court papers were tidied and labelled by the same
hands or at about the same time.
It is scarcely possible to say whether the endorsements were
made on bundles which already existed though it seems not unlikely. The court papers of the vicar-general were numbered and
presumably filed for the years 1601-1603, in a hand which appears
to be contemporary with them and is not that of the maker of endorsements. It is a similar hand to that which numbered the
terrier books and the papers of some of the Responsa volumes and
it o’ccurs in the following files; Responsa Personalia, 1601-1602,
Libels Allegations etc. 1602, Articles 1602, Certificates and exhibits, 1602-3, Depositions 1601. So far as it is possible to ascertain
all these files were the records of both instance and office of Dr.
John Belley as vicar-general.
There is nothing to show whether or no similar files were
made in the archidiaconal registries of Lincoln and Stow (3).
Moreover distinctions cannot always have been made when the
same man was vicar-general and official of the archdeacon (4) or
when the vicar-general and the archdeacon’s official sat together
in the same court (5) and it seems certain that the episcopal and
archidiaconal archives must have been to some extent confused.
This tendency would be aggravated by the fact that the bishops
and archdeacans employed the same men as officials, registrars or
surrogates (6).
Suficient has been said, it is hoped, to justify the re-assembling of the old files and the arrangement of the remaining pa ers
in a similar manner. Each group has been arranged chrono Pogitally and the papers thus treated fill 29 large boxes.
Citations, as follows : The bishop, 1530-1811.
Vicar-General official and commissary of the bishop, 1504-1857
Archdeacon of Lincoln and his official, 1734-1820.
Archdeacon of Stow and his official, 1769-1832.
Deans of the cathedral church of Lincoln and their officials
1691-1827.
Prebendaries of the cathedral church of Lincoln and their
officials 1696-1829. 6 boxes in all.
Articles, 1588-1781, one box.
Allegations and Interrogatories, 1541-1852, one box.
Libels, 1563-1854, two boxes.
Depositions, 1578-1872, two boxes.
(2) Reports, Lincoln Diocesan Office, 1947-8.
(1) L.C. 2A.
(3) As they undoubtedly were at Leicester. (4) Othowell Hill and John Farmery
(5) e.g. 1572-8, Ci/8,9,10.
(6) e.g. Othowell Hill and John Farmery.
32
Responsa Personalia, 1582-1855, one box.
Certificates and Exhibits, 1579-1857, one box.
Penances, absolutions, suspensions and excommunications, 151%
1820 (see Report for 1949-50 for more detailed list), two boxes.
Assignations and acts of court, 1680-1843, two boxes,
Sentences,’ 1604-1854, one box.
Fees and expenses, bills and monitions to pay, 1600-1876.
Proxies for appearance, 1490-1855, one box.
Inhibitions and papers related to cases of appeal, 1590-1819, one
box.
Transferred causes in cases of appeal, one box.
Papers in tithe suits, 1686-1798, one box.
Misc. cases chiefly off&urn domini against clerks and defamation
cases, 1494-1853, one box.
Correspondence of registrars and proctors, 1606-1856, two boxes.
Papers in testamentary causes, 1573-1855, two boxes.
i
It should be noted that certain cla.sses of court record still remain outside this arrangement, and require separate mention.
They are Citations, which have been arranged in portfolios, 15951609, Responsa Personalia, a ,series of papers partly in tithe and
testamentary cases (1) usually endorsed as Mate& and showing
signs of folding, which wer,e numbered and bound together, possibly contemporaneously (they closely resemble similar unbound
quires, and there is also a numbered file of Responsa for the years
1637-41) and the bishop’s act book, 1589-1622, of which folios 1-155
appear to be case papers, and particularly certificates and exhibits, in case,s relating to advowsons. They are endorsed with the
names of parties and show signs of folding. They were bound together at some fairly early period for there are entries for c.1629
on some of the blank leaves in this part of the book.
(b)
In the. Joint Custody of the Archivist and Registrar
Faculty Books
This is a series of which some of the earlier volumes are entitled “Register of Faculties, etc.” They were brought up from
Silver Street after the death of the late registrar, and contain registrations, sometimes full copies, of documents relating to faculties,
sequestrations, consecrations, dissenters’ meeting house certificates, orders in council, and licences, such as to schoolmasters.
Sometimes they also contain signed documents relating to the
appointment of surrogates and proctors, bound up with their seals
on them. These surrogates were sometimes appointed to. act for
the vicar-general and chancellor, both in respect of these offices
and of the office of commissary in one or more archdeaconries. Entries are often attested by the deputy registrar.
It is noticeable that entries for faculties and consecrations
cover the whole diocese whereas licences and meeting house certificates are almost entirely for the Lincolnshire archdeaconries.
(1) Responsa 1, 2 and 3.
’
j
;
33
i
These registers do not therefore represent a division of the work
of the diocese entirely on a regional basis although the deputy
registrars are known mainly to have lived at Lincoln. Nor do they
represent a complete division of business between them and the
main series of episcopal registers on the basis of acts of court as
opposed to other acts, since the main series continued to include
some at least of the faculties and consecrations. It may be said
however that the most regular and continuous entries in the main
series are concerned with institutions to livings and ordinations
(the latter till 1820 only when a separate series of ordination registers begins) whereas the faculty books never have entries of
either institutions or ordinations. It is interesting to note that a
similar series of registers was begun for the Oxford diocese in
1737 (two years before the Lincoln series began) (1). From about
1855 these books deal almost exclusively tiith faculties, surrogates
and sequestrations, and they continue to 1939. A separate register
for consecrations exists from 1812-61, but even during that period
consecrations may be entered also, or instead of, in the faculty
books or in the main serie.s of episcopal registers. A summary
calendar of contents for the consecration registers, and for the
faculty books till 1902, with a card index of places for the latter
till 1843, and for the former throughout, has been made by the
archivist’s clerk.
As a result of an enquiry it was discovered that four bundles
of consecration papers and deeds in the Alnwick Tower exitsted for
much the same period as those described in the Report for 1949-50,
p.47. These bundles have been brought over to Exchequer Gate
and listss of them made with an index of places by the archivist’s
clerk.
The archivist is indebted to Miss Sonia Jones, a pupil at the
GirW High School, Lincoln, who continued a summary calendar
of Non-Residenc.e licences (begun by other pupils of that school
some years ago) for the years 1811-12, with index cards for persons and places. These documents are copies of the licences issued
by the bishop to clergy giving licence to clergy to reside out of
their parishes for a limited period and giving the reasons for such
non-residence. Some of these at least were handed in at the archdeacon’s visitations. They are predominantly for Lincolnshire
archdeaconries but with some for other parts of the diocese.
7-RECORDS OF THE DEAN AND CHAPTER
The work of cleaning, flattening and placing in boxes of documents in unwrapped bundles has continued, and the archivists are
grateful to Miss Kathleen Major and to Mis,s Dorothy Fell for
the help given in this work. A beginning has been made on checking the existing catalogue of these records against the contents of
the muniment room when the office was closed to readers in September ‘last year, and it is hop,ed to continue this at the same
period this year.
(1) Information kindly supplied, with lists of other Oxford diocesan records,
by Miss Molly Barrett of the Bodleian library.
34
&-PARISH RECORDS
The archivists are grateful to Mrs. Farmery of Croft, who
assembled and even re-discovered many of the records of that
parish and of Thorpe St. Peter and who arranged that they should
be visited and listed. For Croft a very considerable quantity of
records have survived including the 16th century paper register
and some constables’ precepts of the Civil War period; and an
early volume of churchwardens’ accounts, beginning in the 16th
century. has survived for Thorpe. Records for both parishes are
at present kept at Croft as they are held in plurality. The archivists are also indebted to Miss Eileen Wright for listing parish
records at Skegness an’d Winthorpe, to Miss W. C. Barlow and
Mr. H. W. Brace for a list of Gainsborough records (more information on Gainsborough parish records mainly civil is given under
Deposited Records, Brace 3, below) and to Mr. J. W. F. Hill for
lists of the records of’ St. Benedict and St. Swithin, Lincoln.
Messingham was visited by the assistant archivist and a list of
records made. Further deposits were made for the parishes of
Saxilby and Swinderby. A descriptive list was made of some of
the registers of Searby cum Owmby which were temporarily
deposited at this office for the use of a reader.
The archivist
would very much welcome help by way of information, lists or
deposits, to try to add to the parish survey files and cover more
of the parishes of this large diocese and county.
9-DEPOSITED RECORDS
Garrett’s Charity
The trustees of Garrett’s charity, with the concurrence of
.the incumbent of Washingborough, and on the proposal of Mr.
E. W. Scorer, deposited at this office the contents of the chest
at Heighington chapel. These records were found to include also
records relating to private property in Heighington and to other
charities.
The Charity
According to the Report of the Commissioners for Enquiring
Concerning Charities (1839) Thomas Garrett of Heighington, by
an indenture dated 16 James I., but not executed, conferred upon
trustees certain property of his in Heighington, lands lately purchased of Sir Thomas Grantham, kt., and some cottages in Canwick and a messuage and croft in Branston, in order that the
revenues might be used for providing a house for the schoolmaster
at Heighington, for teaching the youth of Heighington, Washingborough and Branston “in grammar and knowledge of the Latin
tongue,” and for reading prayers in Heighington chapel. Furthermore the proceeds of the Canwick lands were to be used for
yearly gifts to the most needful people in the same townships, any
surplus money being used to bind poor children of Heighington
as apprentices. He further granted his messuage in Heighington
held on a 450 years’ lease for the maintenance of the schoolmaster.
The administration of the charity was to be in the hands of
twelve feoffees who should proceed to the appointment of new
cil
csl
35
trustees when their number was reduced to six by death or removal. The trustees were to be aided by visitors, namely the
Dean of Lincoln, and the incumbents of Washingborough,
Branston, Waddington and Potter Hanworth. No original of this
document has been found, but a copy of it was found among
documents deposited at this office by the incumbent of Washingborough on another occasion, and another copy in a parchment
book of about the same period has survived at Branston among
the parish records there. Copies of an order of Commissioners
under the act to redress the misemployment of lands etc. given
to charitable uses, made in 1621 and also surviving along with the
copies of the indenture at Branston and with the deposited
Washingborough records, show that the terms of the indenture
were incorporated into Garrett’s will, together with some provisions for compensation to his heirs, John Chippingdale and his
wife Mary, Garrett’s niece. The order further arbitrated between
the Chippingdales and the trustees upon disputes over the occupation of lands, which were apparently holding up the establishment of the charity. The first deed of renewal or assignment of
the trust was dated 1641, by William Gentle of Heighington
surviving trustee, and this document, together with the assignments of trust dated 1665, 1678, 1699, 1713, 1725, 1739 and 1782,
were in the Heighington chest, while another dated 1804 has
survived at Branston.
There are also four leases of charity
property in the m.-esent deposit.
The earliest account book of
the charity known to have survived is at Branston, relating to
donations to the poor of that parish, 1663-1741, together with a
series of accounts, some relating to the charity generally, down
to 1890. As will be seen from the lists below, there are only three
account books in the present deposit. There are also at Branston
some valuations of the property of the charity in the late 18th
century and 19th century. In the present deposit, the Visitation
book, 1724-84, consists mainly of summarised accounts of receipts
and disbursements, sometimes signed by the visitors.
Other
aspects of the work of the charity are illustrated by the apprenticeship indentures and by the Heighington Grammar School
Entrance book, 1831-81, which gives lists of boys with the names
and occupations of their fathers. (1) There are also miscellaneous papers and vouchers of the late 18~. and 19c. A commission
was appointed to enquire into this charity and Clarke’s charity
in 1775, and there are some papers relating to this in the present
deposit and at Branston. ‘A list of the documents relating to
the charity is given below, but it should be remembered that
in addition there are those mentioned above deposited by the
incumbent of Washingborough and also those suviving at Branston. The Washingborough deposited parish records also include
an account book for the charity 1903-11, while in the parish chest
at Washingborough are some accounts, correspondence and
apprenticeship indentures mainly of the second half of the 19th c.
At Branston there are also papers relating to schemes for
administering the charity 1844-82, and papers relating t o
Heighington school 1869-91.
(1) A list of scholars at Heighington Grammar School in 1777 has been made
from notes of John Crag of Threekingham who was a pupil there, and
published in LW!s. Notes land Queries, vol. xvi. p.180-1.
’
.
36
Other Charities
The deposited papers include 83 apprenticeship indentures
arranged by the trustees of Clarke’s charity which, together with
those from Garrett Charity, give a considerable range of occupations pursued throughout the county by the young persons of
Heighington and Washingborough. The origin of this charity is
shown by a release and assignment of trust by Thomas Clarke
kt. son of Edward Clarke kt. and alderman of London (who was
born at Heighington) and Thomas Clarke, merchant of London,
trustees of Sir Edward for the payment of 25 a year for the support of the schoolmaster at Heighington who was to read prayers
twice a year in the chapel there. By this document, dated 1719, the
properties assigned to the trustees were set out, from the revenues
of which the schoolmaster was to be paid and in addition apprentices were to be bound. Any surplus funds were to be used for
giving awards to apprentices who served their full time. Such
awards were still being given in the mid. 19th century as some
receipts for that period have survived. It should be noted that
in addition to the records of fhis charity in the deposit and listed
below, there are apprenticeship indentures and other papers for
the period 1854-97 in the church chest at Washingborough, papers
relating to the enquiry of 1775 referred to above and two valuations of property at Branston, and that an account book of the
charity 1885-1904 was among the parish documents of Washingborough deposited by the incumbent.
Among the deposited title deeds is an assignment of trust,
dated 1664, concerning a rent of g5 10s. given by Sir Peter Eure
in 1627, for the support of a schoolmaster in Washingborough to
be appointed by consent of the Lord and inhabitants for the
instruction of the poor children in Washingborough and
Heighington, and there is another assignment of the same trust
dated 1681. There are some papers relating to Lowry’s bread
dole and Clark’s bread money and to bequests of Timothy Pyke.
In all these deposited documents, together with those still
remaining at Branston and Washingborough, represent a valuable
survival of evidence of the foresight and planning for education,
employment and supplementary poor relief shown by the
founders of the various charities and by their trustees in
administering them.
Title Deeds
These were found loose and in some confusion in the chest
at Heighington, and consist, in addition to those relating to
charities and mentioned above, of title deeds relating to various
properties and of some court rolls. It is of some interest in this
connection to mention two books or terriers deposited by the incumbent of Washingborough in which lands held in Washingborough and Heighington by the Lords of the manor, the free
holders and leaseholders for terms of 500 years are set out with
detailed bounds. These terriers, one for the lands in Washingborough and Heighington occupied by the inhabitants of
Washingborough, and one for lands in the two places occupied
by inhabitants of Heighington, were drawn up in 1575. That for
-0
t
u
Heighington, which is written in parchment and is in a good
state of preservation, describes the pains taken to make it an
accurate record, and sets forth the advantages of such a record
for safeguarding the descent of lands. The writer further states
that he had left wide margins in which further transfers of
property could be noted as they occurred. Some few notes in
the margins were made but by no means the complete record
for which the writer must have hoped. It is possible, however,
that this idea of a permanent record of the disposition of lands
in the parish to be kept in the parish chest was carried out by
depositing the deeds themselves, since a large number have been
found in the present deposit.
The manor .of Washingborough part of the honour of
Richmond, was formerly held of the crown by the Duke of
Richmond, the illegitimate son of Henry VIII. (1) It was apparent
that the Sutton family, who held as mesne tenants, were regarded locally as lords of the manor (2) and their names occurred
signing before the other freeholders and leaseholders in the
terriers of 1575 already referred to. The deeds now deposited
include a final concord by which Hamond Sutton gent. granted
the manor of Washingborough and some lands in Washingborough
and Heighington to peter Eure kt. in 1605. In 1610 King James I.
granted the manor by letters patent to Peter Eure kt. Cuthbert
Dale of Branston, clerk and George Rainton of Heighington, yeoman, to be held in chief for the 20th part of a knight’s fee. Other
deposited documents make it clear that the three patentees were
acting in trust for all the tenants and leaseholders of the manor
compounding with the king for them, and then making a good
estate to them according to what they formerly held there.
Finally Dale and Rainton released the manor to Ralph Eure, Sir
Peter’s son, in 1627. Quite a number of these title deeds relate
to properties which eventually came into the hands of the Eures,
and court rolls of the manor held by trustees in the minority of
Ralph son of Ralph Eure 1665-70 were also in the chest, but some
other deeds cannot be accounted for as Eure title deeds. All the
deeds are concerned with Washingborough and Heighington ,
except for an assignment of a mortgage in Swineshead for which
Timothy Pyke of Heighington was one of the parties, and for
an agreement concerning the allotment of intermingled lands in
Langton by Wragby between Vincent Grantham of St. Catherine’s
Lincoln and John Kyddall of South Ferriby in 1576.
This appears to be an example of enclosure by agreement by
which in effect one of the parties was given the east field and the
other the west field. It is not clear how this deed came to be in
the Heighington chest. There was also a lease of the rectorial
tithes and glebe of Washingborough dated 1751.
(1) Referred to in the patent of 1610 by which the patentees were to hold in the
same manner as the duke formerly held.
(2) See Cal. Inq. Pwt mortem, Henry VII., vol. 2 P.378 #here Hammond Sutton
held lands in Washingborough and Heighington worth 4Os., of the countess
of Richmond, service unknown.
38
LIST OF DOCUMENTS
Garrett’s Charity
Heighington Visitation Book, 1’724-84.
Heighington Grammar School Entrance Book, 1831-81.
Misc. Papers, 6 bundles, 1770-1867.
include accounts, correspondence and returns relating to
the property and administration of the charity.
Apprenticeship Indentures, 28, 1753-1851.
Receipts, 13 Bundles, 1775-1858
include fees for doctoring, clothing and coal for the
poor, repairs and taxation of property, legal charges, bills
for dinners, premiums and clothes for apprentices.
Account books, 1763-73, 1774-1830, 1831-36
See also under title deeds below.
c
Sir Thomas Clark’s Charity
Apprenticeship indentures, 83, 1765-1848.
Apprenticeship testimonials and rewards, and clothing receipts, 3 bundles, 1820-55.
Misc. bills and receipts, mainly legal charges and repairs,
1778-1840.
See also under title deeds.
’
Lowry’s Bread Dole
&der;3;;8give bread to named poor, receipts, one bundle,
Mr. Clark’s Charity, Bread Money
Correspondence (1838) and a bond (1802).
Pyke’s Charity
Misc. Papers, mainly relating to property and the donor’s
will, 1712-28.
Court Rolls
Manor of Washingborough, 1665-70.
Title deeds and assignments of trust
Garrett’s charity, assignments of trust and some counterparts,
16, 1641-1782.
Garrett’s charity, leases, 6, 1710-1768.
Assignments of trust ; Sir Thomas Clark’s charity, 1, 1719,
Sir Peter Eure’s charity, 2,1664,1681, for repair of Heighington chapel, 2, 1782, 1785.
Lease, rectorial tithes and glebe, 1, 1751.
Title deeds : Manor of Washingborough, 5, 1605-31 ; property eventually passing to the Eures, 30,1608-1664 ; other
properties in Washingborough and Heighington, 11, 16111770 ; Langton by Wragby, 1, 1576 ; Swineshead, 1, 1715.
u
39
Plan
Garrett’s and Clarke’s charity lands in Washingborough,
Heighington and Bran&on, undated.
Miscellaneous
5
f
0
.
Report on the water supply of Heighington 1866.
Three bonds, 1657, 1697, 1711.
Coulding, deposit 2
Some documents related to those described in the Report
for 1949-50 (p. 53) which had previously been deposited, were
discovered at what was formerly Goulding’s bookshop, Louth,
and have now been deposited by Mr. J. T. Yates by the good offices
of Mr. J. W. F. Hill. These documents again refer to properties
in East Kirkby and Miningsby, as well as to Binbrook and Faldingworth, and like the first deposit, they seem to be surviving
remains of title deeds such as would have been held by the
Lodington family about the middle of the 17th c. There are two
early 13th c. deeds relating to Dalderby and Scrivelsby, a late
13 c. or early 14 c. deed relating to lands in Willingham of the
Freemans of Buslingthorpe, and a deputation by Sir John
Beaumont, chief steward of the duchy of Lancaster, of his office
in the fee of Haye in the parts of Lindsey to Ralph Freeman of
Faldingworth. A number of deeds relating to East Kirkby
supplement those in the first deposit and there are 5 deeds relating to property in Binbrook, Faldingworth, Lissington and
Friesthorpe (late’16 c. and early 17 c.) of the Lodington Family.
There is also a subpoena or injunction out of chancery relating
to a contract of partnership in which Henry Lodington was concerned in leasing land and purchasing sheep, in 1633. There are
some leases of East Kirkby lands by Ann Lodington widow and
some dress makers’ bills for Frances and Ann Lodington about
1659 ; in all there are 45 items.
Some copies of title deeds included in the Maddison deposit
(see below) take the descent of East Kirkby property through
the co-heiresses1 Frances and Mary Loddington, showing that
Edward Newcomen nephew of Frances’ husband Robert sold it to
a family named West (1714-20) that Ann Brown daughter of
Mary established a right as heir at law to Frances and was bought
out, and that it later passed by purchase to Joseph Walls of
Boothby 1769, who devised it to Edward Codd, clerk, of Spilsby
in 1776.
Maddison Deposit
This small collection was deposited in this office by Miss Rennell
and Miss Waite on behalf of Major George Maddison of Partney ;
it represents the residue of a collection which passed to Major
Maddison on the death of his uncle, the late Canon A. R.
Maddison, well known for his work on Lincolnshire pedigrees. It
is composite in character and represents a variety of different
types of documents which may be classified briefly according to
the reasons why they appear in Canon Maddison’s posession :
’
40
‘1. Papers and letters relating to the family of Maddison,
including certain memoranda of his own career (e.g. his matriculation and “ Schools ” certiiicate, t$e latter signed by Stubbs and
Bryce).
2. Title deeds court rolls and papers relating to the South
Riding of Lindsey in which he had a special interest from his
family’s residence at Partney.
3. Title deeds and papers from the family of Browne (cf.
Lincolnshire Pedigrees I, 186-8, Browne of Yawthorpe, where
Canon Maddison notes that he compiled the pedigree from “ title
deeds and wills in the Browne family “). These are related to
two other collections listed this year ; see Browne family deeds
below.
4. Letters with an interest for Lincolnshire history, or of
general antiquarian interest : e.g. a letter from John Smith of
Christ’s College, Cambridge, written c. 1594. This may perhaps
be John Smith the Se-baptist.
5. Manuscript fragments, apparently book covers and other
material from the episcopal records (which resemble very closely
similar fragments recently found among the court papers), some
of which have descriptions in Canon Maddison’s hand attached
to them.
LIST OF DOCUMENTS
Title deeds
Yawthorpe, family of Browne, 21 items, 1362-1678 ; East
Kirkby,, 7 items, 1704-1807 ; Canwick, 2 items, 1565-7 ;
Alvingham, Brackenborough, Heapham, West Keal,
Kirkby cum Osgodby, Mareham le Fen, Moorby, Partney,
Skegness, Tetney, Welton le Marsh, Winthorpe, Co.
Lincoln ; Auckland St. Helen Co. Durham, Newark Co.
Nott., Holderness Co. York, one deed for each place, late
13 c.-1827 (covering dates for the whole group).
Probates, settlements, case papers, relating to title, etc.
Browne family, 5 items 1602-87 ; Luddington and Newcomen
families East Kirkby, 3 items, 1674-1717 ; Misc. chiefly
relating to land in Spilsby and Partney region, 14 items,
1633-1814.
Letters, misc. family papers, genealogical notes
Maddison family, 52 items, 1819-1895.
Families connected with Maddison (Bellamy and Baugh) 21
items, mid. 19 c.; Misc. genealogical notes, 21 items, mid.
19 c.
Misc. letters of historical interest, 3 items, c. 1594-1709 ; these
include the letter of John Smith, a copy of a letter from
Sir Thomas Lambert about his translation of Harrington’s
chronicle of Crowland (1607) and a note said to be in the
hand of Queen Anne.
41
Fragments of mss. apparently from the Diocesan registry
Parish register transcripts, Cumberworth and Farcet Co.
Huntingdon, 1589, 1664, 2 items.
Book covers, 9 items. These include fragments of a large
folio Ordinal and a missal, a treatise on plainsong, a commentary on the psalter in English, a year book, a canon
law comm,entary (chiefly 14 and 15 c.) and 2 folios of
. ordinations for the year 1309 for the episcopate of bishop
Dalderby, (so far no ordination register of Dalderby was
known to have survived). There are signs that they were
used as covers for Visitation and Court books of the late
16 c. and 17 c. and similar fragments are to be found in
box 73 of the court papers.
Wills
2 items, each for 1573.
Court Rolls and rentals
Manor of Monkthorpe, 5 court rolls 1673-1724 ; manor of
Bosonhall in Kirton in Holland. 1 rental 1419.
Browne Family deeds
Two collections of differing provenance, in addition to those
in the Maddison deposit noted above, appear to deserve this title
and to be related to one another and to a small packet of deeds
from Canon Foster’s papers, now housed in the Foster library.
The first had been in this office for a considerable time and was
thought to be concerned with the registrar’s private practice. It
has now been listed, and since it plainly was concerned almost
entirely with Browne and related families it has been called the
Browne collection. The second was a portion of the deposit of
Messrs. Toynbee, Larken and Evans, and though it is concerned
chiefly with the Brown estates in Kirkby cum Osgodby, to which
the family of Andrews (1) succeeded, there are a number of
family papers relating to their estates in Yawthorpe ‘and elseswhere in north west Lincolnshire.
BROWNE COLLECTION
4
Title deeds
Branston, 30 items, 1579-1690 ; Canwick, 36 items, 1445-1745 ;
Lincoln City, 18 items, 1584-1’752 ; Scatter, 9 items,
Welton and Dunholme, 16 items, 1652-1758 ; Frieston,
9 i t e m s , 1 7 0 4 - 3 6; Y a w t h o r p e , 1 9 items, 1545-1752 ;
Hundleby, Heapham, Skidbrook, Cammeringham and
Cherry Willingham, 1 item each, 1553-1785 ; Tickhill Co.
York, 5 items, 1640-63.
(1) It seems certain that this family was somehow linked with that of Browne
but Maddison’s pedigree op. cit. I 27-8 throws no light on the relationship
and the Rev. P. B. G. Binnall. who has investigated the Browne pedigree,
has been unable to make any suggestion to confirm this.
42
Probates
26 items, 1613-1783.
Executors’ Accounts
149 items, 1673-1766.
Miscellaneous
Accounts and vouchers for household and business
expenditure, 309 items, 1634-1809.
Sewers papers
Parish of Scatter, two items, 1576-1603.
Toynbee, Larken and Evans, 26
This item has been listed out of place here because of its
connection with the Browne collection above.
Title deeds
Kirkby cum Osgodby, 38 items, 1588-1798 ; Faldingworth,
4 items, 1663-90 ; Thornton le Moor, Ashby and Corringham, 1 item each, 1587-1674.
,
Manorial documents
Manor of Kirkby cum Osgodby, court rolls and verdicts, 18
items, 1645-1732.
Letters and Family papers
Broxholme and Browne families, 10 items, 1555-1687.
These include letters and surveys relating to the enclosure of Owersby c. 1630 and a copy of bye-laws for
the parish of Great Corringham, 1601.
Andrews family, 48 items, 1705-1870.
Stubton Collection
This collection of deeds and papers from Stubton Hall, which
had been given to the Lincolnshire Local History Society by the
executors of the late Sir Edmund Royds bart., was deposited at
this office in 1950. It represents the accumulations of the family
of Heron, the former owners of Stubton, to which Sir Edmund
had added a number of letters and papers connected with associated families .(l). The summary list of contents given below
has been sufficient to show the great value of the collection for
the social history of the 18 c. and it is hoped that more detailed
work will later be possible (2).
Practically every aspect of local life in Lincolnshire and Kent,
where Thomas Heron lived at Chilham Castle from c. 1760 until
(1) He described the acquisition of one such collection in the second of two
articles on the Stubton papers A.A.S.R., XXXVIII, pts. 1 and 2, 1926-7.
(2) The Reverend E. R. Milton, a former incumbent of Stubton, has made a
detailed inventory of the first box.
43
his death in 1794, receives attention and elections at Newark and
militia affairs in Kent are the subject of various sets of letters
a;d draft letter books. There are many discussions of land ownership with detailed information about treaties for sale and at least
one long series relating to an abortive marriage in which every
step taken by both sides is recorded in their letters. Much incidental light is thrown on the social life of the time by family
gossip and it is pleasant to record that the Herons were friendly
with Jane Austen’s connections the Knights and that Thomas
Heron and his second wife spent their honeymoon at Chawton.
There are also many references in Thomas Heron’s letters to his
employment of Capability Brown to re-plan the Chilham gardens.
The family letters also contain much information about the
education and placing of children ; there are, for example, two
long series of letters from the Rev. J. Skynner, rector of Easton
and subdean of York, to whose care Thomas entrusted his son
Robert’s education, as well as others relating to the education
of his daughters in France, the choice of governesses for them and
the necessary preparations for the entry of his son at Cambridge.
Public affairs are also widely treated, apart from the many
incidental descriptions (e.g. of the flight of Louis XVI. and Marie
Antoinette from Paris in 1791) in two sets of letters. These are
the letters and draft replies of Sir Richard Heron, brother of
Thomas, who was chief secretary to the lord lieutenant of Ireland
in the years 1776-80. These relate partly to the Irish establishment
and are in some degree begging letters from relatives, but they
also contain a number of letters from his wife’s relatives in India
in the years 1771-96 which have detailed and valuable information
about the situation there., The second set of papers appears to
have belonged to John Gosling, esq., of the Navy Victualling
office, and it seems probable that, since the Herons banked with
the firm of Gosling and Sharpe but had no apparent family connection, they were obtained by Sir Edmund Royds because of
their associations.
There are a number of letters and papers
relating to the career of Gosling’s brother in law George Cherry,
first in the navy and later as resident in Benares where he was
massacred in 1799.
There are also some papers relating to a
visitation of the navy victualling establishments in 1792, with
detailed accounts of the state of the establishments, which has
considerable interest in the light of the naval mutinies which were
to come soon after.
TITLE DEEDS
Lincolnshire
Beckingham, 1612-1787, ..4 bundles ; Long Bennington with
Foston, 1656-1798, 4 bundles ; Brant Broughton, 1671-90,
one bundle ; Carlton Scroope, 1617-1787, one bundle ;
Claypole, 1566-1827, 25 bundles (these include an account
book of a Newark Charity estate in Claypole 1612-1771).
Dry Doddington, 1652-1850, 8 bundles ; Marston, 16301795, one bundle ; Stubton, 1397-1816, 14 bundles ; Westborough, 1597-1846, I1 bundles.
44
Other counties
Aldington and Bilsington, Kent, 1806, one bundle, Sackville
St. London, 1730-91, 2 bundles ; Newark and Hawton, co.
Nott., 1694-1725, 2 bundles.
Manorial papers
Manor of Westborough. Suit rolls, verdicts, precepts,
estreats of fines, 1693-1762, 2 bundles.
Abstracts of title, case papers relating,to title
Stubton and Westborough estates, 1722-1822, 7 bundles ; Chilham Castle co, Kent, 1786-7, 1 bundle ; Newark, co. Nott.,
1 bundle, 1778 ; Dublin, 1758-87, 1 bundle.
Probate and Marriage Settlements
Heron and Wilmot families, 1713-1913, 20 bundles. Stow and
Disney families, 1582-1704, 1 bundle (cf. Lines. Pedigrees,
III., 929). Taylor, 1761-74, 3 bundles. Gosling and Cherry,
1761-1845,, 2 bundles.
Rentals and Accounts
Heron family, estates, buildings and the furnishings of the
Bank accounts,
Stubton house, 1790-1830, 5 bundles.
letters, etc., Rev. Robert Heron of Grantham in account
with Messrs. Gosling and Sharpe and as shareholder in
the Grantham Canal Navigation Company, 1794-1824,
2 bundles.
Public Works
Great Northern Rail,way, letters, plans and draft conveyances
of land in Claypole, Westborough and Doddington, 1851,
one bundle. Hatfield Chase, warping and drainage, 18541913, one bundle.
Letters and Private papers
Thomas Heron, letters to him and his drafts of replies, 1754:
94, 12 bundles. Sir Richard Heron, 1743-1804, 11 bundles.
These include a number of genealogical notes and collected letters ; Rev. Robert Heron, 1780-1812, 2 bundles ;
Sir Robert Heron, son of Thomas, 1792-1806, 5 bundles ;
Timothy Brecknock, first cousin of Thomas and Richard
and his family, 1656-1783, 2 bundles ; Gosling and Cherry
families, 1747-1821, 3 bundles. These include a caul and
a lock of hair. Falwasser, Knowles and Stevens families
1743-c.1800, one bundle, cf. A.A.S.R. 38, pp. l-100. Miss
Marvin, genealogical notes relating to Falwasser families,
late 19 c., one bundle. Sir E. Royds, genealogical and
historical notes c. 1920-32,
45
foynbee Larken and Evans Deposit
p. 53)
DATE
No. OF ITEMS
PLACE AND/OR NATURE
1772-1835
7
Pickard’s Close, West Ward, Lincoln,
title deeds.
1850-58
Huttoft, Bardney, Cherry Willingham,
8
Fiskerton, disentailing deeds for
John Rutter Carden.
1851
Cherry Willingham, copy tithe appor1
tionment.
1787-1901
11
Houses, Minster Yard and Exchequer
Gate, title deeds.
24
1886-97
St. Giles Land and Building Society,
accounts and papers.
4
1838-c.1914
Reepham, draft tithe apportionment
and papers.
1869-1931
21
Lincolnshire Medical Benevolent Society, declarations of trust, rules.
1722-1856
12
Brattleby, cottage, title deeds.
1908
2
Withern, addition to churchyard.
Deed Packets (continued from 1949-50 Report
Other collections
1
Manor of Mere Hospital in Waddington, court book.
Manor of Cherry Willingham in Waduncounted
dington, court rolls.
The same, minutes.
1 box
The same, surrenders, admissions,
warrants, extracts, precedents.
Accounts, very intermittent.
Manor and lands in Ch. Willingham, uncounted
title deeds.
2 boxes
Heighington, estate of Brown family. uncounted
1 box
Bell family, Lincoln, settlements, uncounted
executorship papers, probates, in3 boxes
cluding diary of J. T. Bell, Town
Clerk, 1816-18,
Croft, Cammeringham, etc., assign36
ments to trustees, Monson family.
111
Metheringham, title deeds, various.
Nevile family, settlements and deeds,
89
Wickenby, Newton on Trent, Broadholme, etc., including an estate map
of Broadholme, 1648, and account
t;iks re brick making there, early
1770-1837
1722-1859
1762-1898
1723-1915
1822-96
1733-1852
1693-1819
1742-1845
1808-78
1746-1862
1648-1907
,
46
No. OF ITEMS
P LACE AND/OR NATURE
Lincoln city, various properties, title
deeds.
Alderman Robert Featherby of Lincoln, papers of his trustees, including title deeds, his personal papers,
and papers re public and semipublic duties.
Kirkby cum Osgodby ; described on
p. 42 above.
Waddington, title deeds.
Cooper family, deeds, letters, papers,
mainly Skipton, co. York:
Land Tax duplicates, Aswardhurn,
Boothby Graffoe, Flaxwell, Langoe.
Rev. D. D. R. Spooner, Vicar of
Worlaby, lived at Barton on
Humber. Probate and commonplace
book.
Pate family, probates and title deeds
Swinderby, S. Scarle, Besthorpe.
D ATE
20
1680-1892
c.316
1670-1864
49
345
1591-1855
1618-1893
mainly 19c.
1801-8
8
2
48
1826-31
1772-1905
More detailed descriptions of all the above items have been
made, with an index of places. It will be appreciated that nearly
all the items of this large deposit are in themselves unrelated and
sometimes large collections. Whenever possible’notes have been
made of anything suggesting their provenance. Unusual items not
covered in the above brief description are two letters from an
English trader in Moscow, 1807, in great anxiety and financial
distress owing to the “ continental system,” and a letter from an
army captain from Stockport, 1812, where he speaks of being
called out against the mob, both of which are among the papers
of the Browns of Heighington.
Jourdain Deposit
This collection, deposited by the executor of Mr. A. E. T.
Jourdain, consists partly of family documents and partly of
papers accumulated in the business of Messrs. Tweed, Stephen
and Jourdain.
A. Family records, families of Towle and Jourdain.
Title deeds
Castle Donington, co. Leics., 21 packets, 1717-1940.
Epperstone, co. Nottingham, 9 packets, 1667-1878.
Exhall, co. Warwick, 4 packets, 1745-1870.
Waddington, co. Warwick, 1 packet, 1839-49.
Probates, settlements, etc.
B.
Thirteen packets, 1792-1914.
Records of the practice. of Tweed, Stephen and Jourdain.
r
47
Title deeds
Algarkirk, 4 packets, 1716-1875 ; Apley, 1 packet, 1819-38 ;
Bardney, 2 packets, 1870-77 ; Bassingham, 1 packet, 16471847 ; Baumber, 2 packets, 1717-83 ; Belton in Axholme,
1 packet, 1710-65 ; Boston, 1 packet, 1804 ; Bracebridge,
3 packets, 1854-84 ; Branston, 4 packets, 1849-86 ; Burton
Stather, 1 packet, 1647-1847 ; Cleethorpes, 2 packets, 185866 ; Coningsby, 1 packet, 1739-1835 ; Dunston, 2 packets,
1830-79, Gainsborough, 2 packets, 1825-30 ; Grasby, 1
packet, 1844 ; Heckington, one packet, 1729-1813 ;
Holbeach, 1 packet, 1792-1865; North Hykeham, 2 packets,
1876-1910 ; East Kirkby, 1 packet, 1872-1904 ; Kirton
Lindsey, 1 packet, 1862 ; West Langworth, 1 packet, 1863 ;
Leadenham, 1 packet, 1855 ; Lincoln City, 36 packets,
1647-1893 ; Lguth, 1 packet, 1793-1858 ; Ludborough, 1
packet, 1853 ; Martin, 1 packet, 1798-1859 ; Metheringham,
2 packets, 1690-1840 ; Minting, 1 packet, 1850 ; Navenby,
6 packets, 1764-1877 ; Nettleham, 1 packet, 1876 ; Market
Rasen, 1 packet, 1737-1840, Ruskington, 1 packet, 1878-9 ;
Saxilby, 1 packet, 1842 ; Scothern, 1 packet, 1860 ; Somertotes, 1 packet, 1901 ; Stow, 1 packet, 1815-67 ; Great
Sturton, 6 packets, 1716-1834 ; Thimbleby, 1 packet, 18623 ; Thorpe on the Hill, 1 packet, 1857-60 ; Thorpe St. Peter,
1 packet, 1788-1841 ; Waddington, 1 packet, 1873 ; Washingborough, 1 packet, 1823-30 ; Welton Beckhall and
Welton Brinkhill, 2 packets, 1759-1922 ; Willoughton, 1
packet, 1647-1847. Blackburn, co. Lane., 5 packets, 17311850 ; Basford, Ruddington and Walesby, co. Nott., 3
packets, 1805-75 ; Barnes, Surrey, 1 packet, 1853-7.
Executors’ accounts and other private papers
76 packets c. 1860-80.
Case papers
3 packets, 1837-1913.
Public Undertakings, etc.
7 packets, 1610-1880
(railways, turnpikes and a charity fund).
plans of estates, sale catalogues, etc.
6 large parcels, chiefly Lines. c. 1910-47.
Whitfield, 2nd Deposit
The first deposit made by Mr. J. R. Whitfield was noted in the
Report for 1949-50 pp. 54-5 ; a second deposit of almost equal size
reached this office in June, 1950. Perhaps its most outstanding
single item is the letter book for the firm of Bell and Co., solicitors, for the years 1823-33. The title deeds and other documents
for the most part link up with those of the first deposit.
Title deeds
Bourne, 33 items, 1671-1883 ; Dowsby, 4 items, 1855-6 ;
Hacconby, 13 items, 1779-1858; Hanthorpe, 81 items, 1606-
.
48
1912 ; Morton, 260 items, 1598-1912 ; Pointon! 11 items,
1797-1809 ; Swayfield, 9 items, 1825-47 ; Swmstead, 12
items, 1776-1846 ; Thurlby, 8 items, 1569-1876.
Wills and probates
44 packets, 1760-1908.
Executoir’ accounts
Land in Lincolnshire, Lancashire and Jamaica, 44 packets,
1806-1920.
Case Papers
15 documents, 1725-1927.
Letter Book
Bell and Co., 1822-33.
Public Undertakings
Drainage and Watercourses, 76 items, 1739-1938. These seem
to have accumulated through the employment of the late
C. W. Bell as clerk of the South Kesteven R.D.C.
Highways and Footpaths
A file of correspondence 1930-33, addressed to C. W. Bell as
clerk of S. Kesteven Highways Advisory Sub-Committee.
Note : The two packets of Lancashire executors’ accounts have
been deposited at the County Record Office, Preston, with
the permission of Mr. Whitfield.
Whichcote Deposit
This is a portion of the muniments of the Whichcote family,
visited and reported on briefly in the Report for 1949-50 p. 65,
which has now been deposited by Mr. H. H. Morris of Sleaford,
on behalf.of the trustees, for a more detailed report. It is an interesting collection and contains an unusually large number of
letters and personal papers, including the business letters of the
firm of Tregagle, trading to S. Carolina in the mid. 18 c., the letter
books, journal and ledger of Henry Whichcote a Levant merchant
in the ‘later 17 c. and the letter book of Horatio Walpole brother
of the prime minister and secretary to the lord lieutenant of
Ireland, 1720-l to whom Paul Whichcote acted as private
secretary.
Title deeds
Algarkirk, 8 items, 1606-1705 ; Aswarby, 1 item, 1723 ; Boston,
1 item, 1581 ; Burnham in Haxey, 36 items, 1566-1684 ;
Deeping Sit. James, 114 items, 1540-1837 ; Epworth, 5
items, 1650-95 ; Fishtoft, 3 items, 1714-24 ; Gainsborough, 2
items, 1724 ; Kirton in Holland, 6 items, 16716 ; Lincoln,
3 items, 1658-95 ; Melwood in the Isle of Axholme, 22
items, 1563-1701 ; Moulton, 1 item, 1613 ; Scotton, 18
items, 1316-1644 ; Scredington, 13 items, 1735-97 ; Spanby
49
and Osbournby, 36 items 1656-1785 ; Stockwith, 6 items,
1688-1714 ; Sutterton, 2 items, 1587-1620 ; Timberland and
Thorpe Tilney, 105 items, 1559-1789 ; Wigtoft, 1 item,
1513 ; Chesham Leicester co, Buckingham, 74 items,
1722-30 ; Ashover, co. Derby, 2 items, 1760 ; Totteridge,
co. Hertford, 1 item, 1719 ; Tunbridge co. Kent, 8 items,
1686-1716 ; London, 2 items, 1645-1736 ; Melchett, co. Wilt.,
Stotfold, Hambleton, Snaith, Marton and Swinefleet, co.
York, 8 items, 1414-1634.
Manorial documents
Hiptoft Hall in Algarkirk, 1 roll, 1575.
Balderton in co. Nottingham, bailiff’s compotus, 1488-9.
Probates and Family settlements
377 items, 1582-1804.
Estate Acounts rentals, etc., including household vouchers
c. 1044 items, 1649-1833.
Case papers
46 items, 1600-1772.
Letters and personal papers
180 items, 1623-1765.
Amcotts Deposit
Five boxes of muniments have been deposited by Lt.-Col.
W. Cracroft-Amcotts of Hackthorn Hall and it is understood that
two further boxes will be brought in at a later date. A summary
list of contents of the boxes already ,received is given below : Title deeds
Amcotts, 1 item, 1780 ; Brant Broughton, 7 items, 1708-43 ;
Mavis Enderby, 1 item, 1667 ; Fulnetby, 11 items, 1892 ;
Grainthorpe, 6 items, 1638-1723 ; Hackthorn, 109 items,
1609-1921 ; Cold Hanworth, 93 items, 1649-1891 ; Keadby,
12 items, 1869-70 ; East and West Keal, 360 items, 15901773 ; Kettlethorpe, 108 items, 1775-1869 ; East Kirkby,
1 item, 1716 ; Laughterton, 6 items, 17.70-1850 ; Lincoln
City, 12 items, 1825-62 ; Louth, 1 item, 1748 ; Orby, 1 item,
1762 ; Skidbrook, 7 items, 1694-1795 ; Stickford, 25 items,
1666-1798 ; Stickney, 21 items, 1555-1742 ; Tetford, 2
items, 1665 ; Toynton St. Peter, 4 items, 1667-1745 ; Welton
le Marsh, 34 items, 1754-1921 ; Coston co. Leic., 1 item,
1798 ; Worcestershire estates, 26 items, 1716-88 ; St.
Clement Danes, Middlesex, 1 item, 1698 ; Sedbergh co.
York, 4 items, 1666-1778 ; r\lantios co. Cardigan, 6 items,
1817-25.
Probates and Settlements
162 items, 1663-1888.
50
Surveys, rentals, estate accounts
30 items, 1719-1868.
Letters and Personal Papers
72 items, 1660-1850.
Case papers
37 items,
1715-1823.
Burton Scorer, 3rd Deposit
This deposit and the one which follows was sent to the office
by the good offices of Mr. E. W. Scorer on behalf of Messrs.
Burton and Co., Stonebow, Lincoln. It consisted of five deeds
boxes relating to the estates of the Sibthorpe family, some of
which had suffered very severely from floods. The collection has
now been dried but there remain a large number of documents
faded and illegible and considerable numbers of unidentifiable
fragments.
Title deeds
Barlings, 3 items, 1860-78 ; Bracebridge, 113 items! 1851-1914 ;
Branston, 30 items, 1789-1883 ; Canwick, 31 items, 17861915 ; South Langton and Wragby, 8 items, 1794 ; Langworth, 4 items, 1837-38 ; Nettleham, 64 items, 1649-1877 ;
Reepham, 271 items, 1613-1886 ; Sudbrooke and Scothern,
81 items, 1659-1919 ; Washingborough, 502 items, 16121886, Yarborough, 9 items, 1791-1843 ; Tetney, 10 items,
c. 1800 ; Stanton Harcourt and Harthleigh co. Oxford, 16
items, 1786-1804.
Probates and Settlements
100 items, 1789-1914.
Burton Scorer, 4th Deposit
See
also under Burton Scorer 3rd deposit above.
RECORDS OF THE WITHAM NAVIGATION COMPANY
Like the Sibthorpe family papers (Burton Scorer 3rd deposit
described above) these records have suffered severely from flooding and contain much material consequently in need of repair
when facilities are established here, some of which is moreover
faded and illegible and not fitted for use by readers. The records
are of great topographical value, especially for Lincolp. There
are for example a number of letters, memoranda and drawings
relating to the removal of the steps at the High Bridge in the improvements begun in 1829. There are very detailed surveys and
estimates and accounts for the works of these and earlier years
and for subsequent repairs and extensions, besides a fairly complete set of financial records of the company.
51
Summary of records
Minute books, 1762-1867, 1909-45, 12 books, 8 of which are
very faded and fragile.
Draft minutes, 1815-51, 3 bundles ; letter books, 1812-49 ; 5
books, poor condition ; letters, 1812-37, 27 bundles, mostly
fragile, statements of acounts, 1830-65, 321 items ; brick,
wages and repairs accounts, 1812-42,25 bundles ; vouchers
for expenditure, 1812-60, 1940-6, 50 bundles; account
books, chiefly of tolls, 15 books ; 1814-53, all in very poor
condition.
Share certificates and related papers. 1813-1945, 19 bundles
in all ; counterfoils of certificates, 6 books, 1930-48 ;
transfers of shares, 1818-1948, 14 bundles, dividend books,
1878-1935, 5 books.
Specifications and contracts relating to canal work, 1813-40,
1 bundle surveyors’ notebooks, plans and sections, reports,
notices to occupiers, etc., 1813-93, 13 bundles.
Copies of byelaws, 1814-44, 11 packets.
Brace Deposits, 1-5
The following deposits have been made by Mr. H. W. Brace
of Gainsborough : 1. Vouchers of the monthly meeting of the Society of
Friends at Spalding, 18c.-19c., not yet fully sorted.
2. Family deeds and papers of John Northing of Sturton by
Stow, weaver, 1757-1865. These had previously been given to Mr.
Brace by the executors of Miss Alice Wilson, a descendant of
John Northing. There are 17 items, and the day book of John
Northing, 1807-60, which was given to Mr. Brace at the same time,
is to be deposited later.
3. Books relating to the parish and township of Gainsborough
as follows : poor relief, valuation for rates, 1778-1849, previously
in the possession of Henry Caistor of Gainsborough 1866 ; paving
trustees, draft minutes, 1839-52 ; the union, assessments and
valuations, 1862-3, J. Caistor junior and John Hyde assessors ; the
local board, acts and printed return of values of parishes in
England and Wales, previously belonging to John Hyde ; specification for sanitary works and notes on drains, c. 1857-8 ; memoranda and draft. minutes for the local board and its committees,
mostly kept by Henry Caistor who served on the board and was
chairman of some committees, 1880-8 ; misc. book with accounts
and summary of estimates for improvement of the loopline of the
Great Northern railway, 1858-78, also the property of Henry
Caistor, 23 items. These records were given to Mr. Brace by Sir
Edmund Caste11 Bacon, bart.
4. Two ms. text books, one on surveying, another on book
keeping and surveying, both apparently written c. 1780-2. Given
to Mr. Brace by the executors of Miss Elizabeth Forrest, having
belonged to John Forrest in 1852,
52
5. A file of papers relating to the case of Thomas Reckitt
extracted from the minutes of the Spalding and Wainfleet monthly
meeting of the Society of Friends, with some correspondence,
1835-7. This file gives an interesting insight into the procedure
in cases of discipline in the Society at this period.
Sally Deposit
These documents were deposited by Lt.-Colonel R. Solly, the
Old Rectory, Langton Long, Blandford, whose ancestors owned
property in Lincolnshire.
Title deeds
4
Manor and lands in Swinderby, lands in Morton, manor and
lands in Eagle, lands in Besthorpe, S. Scarle and Caunton
co. Nott., 232 items, 1544-c.1882. These include a copy of
a decree in Chancery relating to the enclosure of Barnsdale moor in Eagle 1685, and a justices’ order to stop up
a highway there, with a receipt for its sale, 1827.
Poole and Great Canford co. Dorset, 15 items, 1805-39,
Clapton in South Hackney, 6 items, 1792-1830 ; Islington,
2 items, 1789, copied 1821.
Estate Papers
Plans, Great Canford, 1818 ; Barnsdale in Eagle, 1827 ; 5
papers relating to tenants and farming, Lines. estates,
c. 1847.
Personal papers and trading papers
Appointment, as trustee of the bridge over the Lea, Jeremy’s
ferry, 1802, bills of sale, shares of ships and merchandise,
port of London, 8 items, 1803-31 ; probates, one of John
Atkinson merchant of Hull and Dantzig, 1836.
Alford Sewers
Records of the courts of sewers, mainly relating to the wapentake of Calceworth and centring on Alford, have been deposited
by Major H. L. H. Owen of Spilsby through the good offices of Mr.
A. E. B. Owen of the National Register of Archives, his son. There
were 49 large parcels some of which have been subdivided to
make them easier to handle. A list of contents of each parcel was
kindly supplied by Major Owen which has much facilitated the
checking over of those parcels and will help in the production of
documents when required. It is hoped later to work over these
parcels and where necessary to restore something of their
arrangements. Certain classes, notably dyke-reeves’ accounts,
seem to have suffered from damp and attacks of mice, probably
anything up to 50 years ago, and as a result, original bundles and
files fell apart and were re-bundled in a haphazard fashion. Some
of these are in need of repair before they can be used by readers.
The main classes and dates can now be indicated and there can
be no doubt of the value of these records from the point of view
of local topography and family history, also for throwing light
53
on the method of subdivision of the areas for the administration
of drainage within the county under the royal commission which
appointed commissioners to act for the whole county and for
showing how this particular piece of local self-government
worked.
Minutes
1646-1924. Earlier volumes include orders and petitions
sometimes bound up with minutes and sometimes
separate. Earlier volumes also cover other areas, together with Calceworth wapentake, i.e. Spilsby, Louth
and Candleshoe wapentake. Some volumes for the late
18 c. L early 19c. cover Louthesk and Ludborough along
with Calceworth. I
Laws
From the late 16c.-1926. These need some sorting to discover
their principle of arrangement (some have numbers endorsed on them) and they are not at present in any particular order.
Commissions to serve and warrants to commissioners
mid. 19c.-2Oc.
Jurors’ Verdicts
1654-1925.
Maps, plans and surveys, surveyors’ reports
Mainly 19c.-2Oc., but they include a plan of royalty land along
the coast from Saltfleet to Anderby belonging to Sir
Francis Knollys, 1759.
Dykereeves’ accounts
From the 16~. Dykereeves were appointed for each parish
and accounted annually. Most of these appear to be for
Calceworth wapentake.
Rents and Assessments
18c.-19c.
‘a
Other accounts
There are also some accounts of the clerks to the Commissioners, sometimes in connection with certain works.
In addition to the above is a parcel of minutes, decrees and
cases and papers for the commissioners in the Horncastle
area, mid. 18c.-mid 19c. and two parcels for commissioners
in the Louth area, including minutes, verdicts, laws, reports of surveyors, dykereeves accounts, treasurers’
accounts, sporadically, 17c.-19c.
Morcom-Harneis
Deposit
These documents wpre deposited by the Reverend T. W.
Morcom-Harneis of St. Luke’s Vicarage, Maidenhead, by the good
54
of Felix Hull, Esq., county archivist, Berkshire. They consist of deeds and papers relating to the families of Ayscough,
Bennett and Harneis, as follows : -
offices
Title deeds
For small properties in the following places : North Somertotes, 1592, Thoresby (? North) a windmill, 1624, Sutton
in the Marsh, 1658, Fotherby and Theddlethorpe (a windmill) 1667, Louth Park and Keddington, 3, 1667-1707.
Estate papers
Hawerby, a plan of the lordship, undated.
Personal papers
Pedigrees and genealogical notes, Ayscough, Bennett and
Harneis families, undated (8 items) ; Probate, Edward
Ayscough 1741, and copy will of Richard Bennett, 1728 ;
sacrament certificate Thomas Harneis, 1794 and roll of
volunteers, Caistor troop, 1831 ; a playbill for Laceby
theatre, undated, late 18c.-early 19c.
Bolam Deposit
These documents have been deposited by the Reverend Canon
They consist of
C. E. Bolam, some in 1945 and some in 1950.
estate and personal papers of the family of Short of East Keal,
Edlington and Thimbleby.
Estate papers
A map of estates of John Short, esq., in East Keal, a very
fine book of pre-enclosure maps, surveyed by John
Grundy, 1757 ; valuations crops books, etc., Edlington,
Thimbleby, East Keal, 13 items, 1833-93 ; four plans,
Edlington and Thimbleby, 1862-5.
Personal papers
Marriage settlement, 1831, personal accounts, 3 notebooks,
1838-88.
Monson Deposit
A deposit of family archives and collections of much variety
and interest has recently been made by the Lord Monson through
the good offices of Mr. J. W. F. Hill, consisting of 19 books, 46
small deed boxes and four large chests with about 18 other parcels
and bundles, and a further deposit is promised. As work has
barely begun on these, a further description is postponed to a later
report.
Birch Reynardson Deposit
A box of family deeds and papers has been received from Lt.Colonel H. Birch Reynardson which -appears to be material related to the Holywell deposit reported on in 1948-9 (pp. 20-6). This
has not yet been listed.
55
List of small deposits
.
Lincoln and Lincolnshire Girls’ Home ; a further deposit of
recent records and title deeds for this home, which is now closed.
City archivist, Bristol ; deed relating to Stamford, 1509, A, H.
Packe, Esq., Burnham co. Buck. ; deed relating to Wigford and
Swineshead, 1649.
B.R.A. Records Preservation Section ; a packet of deeds, no.
329.
The Rev. G. P. Morris, Lincolnshire Clergy Cricket Club
Score books, 1923-49.
N. Goddard Jackson, Esq. A very fine map of Sutton St.
James, S. Nicholas, St. Mary and St. Edmund, showing the estates
of the manors there, excluding commons and saltmarshes, 1706.
Gifts of manuscripts
The late Capt. W. A. Cragg ; Returns for agricultural census,
Sleaford Urban District and Rural District, Ruskington Rural
District, Nov., 1916. Three volumes.
H. W. Brace, Esq. Witham Navigation Acts, 1812, 1818.
British Records Association, Records Preservation Section ; 5
items re Nettleton and Legsby, 1752-1801 ; deed re Stamford,
1830 ; probate of Jane Flower, Gainsborough, 1838 ; 8 items,
Horncastle and Hundleby, 1841-86 ; fee farm rents formerly of
Lord Clinton and Say, some in Lines., some other counties,
1797.
Records Officer, Shire Hall, Gloucester, Sale catalogue and legal
opinion, Wilsford advowson, 1849.
City Librarian, Birmingham Public Library, deed re Northolme
by Wainfleet, 1576.
Archives Clerk, Bucks. Co. Council, Enclosure Acts Welton le
Marsh, 1792 and Faldingworth, 1794.
Gifts of books, typescripts, etc.
H. W. Brace, Esq. Benjamin Huntsman, E. Wyndham Holme,
offprint from the British Steelmaker, 1944.
List of records of Lines. Society of Friends, typescript.
Registers of Carburton and Perlthorpe and Worksop, co. Nott.,
1887-8.
The Forged Crowle Baptist Church book, typescript.
Helps for Students of History, 11 ~01s.
History of the S.P.C.K. 1698-1898, W. 0. B. Allen and E.
McClure, London, 1898.
Notes on Quaker entries in Lines. Parish registers, typescript.
Archivist, Lancashire Record Office, Photograph of deed, confirming certain Lines. churches to the house of Aubigny, 1162.
The Lancashire Record Office, 1949-50.
C. L. Exley, Esq. Offprint from tracing of drawings of the Exchequer Gate in Willson Collection, vol. vii.
56
H. S. Hepworth, Esq. Liber valorum et deeimarum, John Ecton,
London, 1711.
G. Ellis Flack, Esq. The Library, University of Nottingham, 1950.
Records Officer, Shire Hall, Gloucester, Catalogue of Exhibition,
The Banks Papers.
The Rector, Lamport, Northants., All Saints’ Church, Lamport,
1 9 5 0 .
H. R. H. Smith, Esq., Clerk of Council, Egham (via J. E. Blow,
Esq., Clerk to this Committee) Old Lincolnshire ed. Geo. H.
Burton, 1883-5.
Miss Doreen Slatter, Record Office Publications, list 24.
Archivist, Herts. County Record Office, Catalogue of an. Exhibition of Documents, Sept., 1950. Photostat of 2 folios, archdiaconal act book, 1591.
‘Miss Joan Wake, Northamptonshire Past and Present, vol. 1 No. 3.
Thegz,r;i D. F. Tollitt, Parish Magazine, Messingham, Jan..
Miss Joyce Godber, The Diary of Benjamin Rogers, rector of
Carlton co. Bed., 1720-71, Beds. Historical Record Sot. xxx.
Trustees of Garrett’s Charity. The Book of Fees pts. l-3, Stationery Office.
Bodleian Library, Oxford. List of Tithe Awards, Oxford Diocese,
List of Court Books, List of various Oxford Diocesan Records,
typescripts.
Dr. W. 0. Hassall, Papists in Early 18~. Oxfordshire, reprinted
from Oxoniensia, vol xiii, 1948.
G. S. Dixon, Esq. Halliday’s Catalogue of Samuel Reynardson’s
library, 1934.
City Archivist, Chester-Guide to the Charters, plate, insignia of
the City of Chester, 1950
Miss K. Major. The Office of Chapter Clerk at Lincoln in the
Middle Ages reprinted from Mediaeval Studies presented to
Rose Graham, Oxford University Press, 1950.
Essex Committee for the National Register of Archives, Essex
Local History, a short guide to books and manuscripts,
Gladys Ward, 1950.
IO-RECORDS IN OTHER CUSTODY
Borough of Boston
As was noted in the Report for 1949-50 (p. 59) the records of
the borough of Boston have been surveyed. A further visit was
paid to assist in their transfer to a new muniment room and a
small parcel of some of the older records was deposited temporarily for detailed listing, containing as follows : Con;;sggances of land in Boston and Skirbeck, 7 items, 1331Counterpart leases of corporation land in Boston, 2 items,
1571.
57
Rental of the manors of Hallgarth, Roos Hall and Hussey
Hall, in Boston, 1700.
Inventory of the goods of the Gild of the Blessed Virgin at
Boston c. 1552 (Extracts of this were printed by Pishey
Thompson, History of Boston p. 141).
Compoti of the bailiffs and chamberlains, 1609-10.
A file of papers for the Boston court of sewers, 1684. Lists
of surveyors, jurors and dykereeves, minutes of the
sessions, presentments, petitions for assessment, views
and surveys, 34 items. This parcel has now been returned
to Boston.
Records at Louth
At the invitation of the Town Clerk of Louth, the archivist
visited the Town Hall there to report on the state of the charters,
and was able at the same time to see and report on some of the
earlier records kept there. Subsequently reports were made on
the records at the Grammar School at the request of the governors, and on those in the custody of the Louth Natural History
and Antiquarian Society by the courtesy of the curator of the
Museum. The constitution of the Louth corporation from the
mid. 16 c. to the Municipal Reform Act of 1835 was most unusual
(1). The warden and assistants who administered the school were
also the executive officers of the borough and the accounts of the
school and corporation were kept together until the late 18 c. As
a result of this the Town Clerk and the Clerk to the Governors of
the Grammar School each have the custody of some of the records
of the warden and assistants, while still others of their records
have been transferred by various persons to the custody of the
Louth Natural History and Antiquarian Society and are now in
the Museum. Some of the court rolls of the manor were deposited
there by H. F. V. Falkner who is said by Goulding (1) to be clerk
of the warden and governors of the Grammar School. It may
be noted that the records of the parish church of St. James, Louth,
were surveyed in 1938 by the Reverend J. Swaby and a copy of his
list is in the office parochial survey file.
Borough of Louth
Charters
1564, 1605, 1608, 1829 (See also under Grammar School).
Judicial records
Commission of the peace, 1837.
Minute book of the sessions of the peace for Louth, 1721-42 o
Revenues and property
Rentals of the warden and assistants, King Edward’s and
Queen Elizabeth’s lands, 1808, 1809, 1810, 1811.
Rental of the Grammar School lands, 16~.
Corporation accounts, 1776-7, 1781-96.
Vouchers, school and corporation, 1780-88.
(1) See R. L. Goulding
Louth Old Corporation Records, Louth, 1891.
I
58
Counterparts of grants and leases of property belonging to
the warden and assistants, 1632-early 19c.
Enrolment and deposit
Registers of canal boats (Louth Urban Sanitary Authority),
1869-81, 1879-96.
Louth turnpike minutes, 1849-69.
Louthesk Marsh association for the prosecution of felons,
accounts and minutes, 1869-81.
Petition to the Mayor about the window tax, 1851.
Miscellaneous
Notes and extracts from the records, early 19c.
Map of the estates of Gervase &rope, Esq., in the north and
south marshes, 1720.
Various acts of parliament including two relating to Louth
navigation, 1763 and 1828.
Plan of the mansion house, undated.
Louth Grammar School
Charters
1551
(kept in the Bank).
Revenue and Property
Counterpart grants and leases by the aldermen and brethren
of the Trinity gild and the gild of the Blessed Virgin and
by the Warden and Assistants, lands in Louth, Theddlethorpe and Grainthorpe, 1509-1872.
Lists of leaseholders and copies of leases, 1606-1736.
_
Rentals of the Warden and assistants of King Edward’s and
Queen Elizabeth’s lands, with accounts in some cases,
1668-1835.
Lists of arrears of rents due to the Warden and assistants,
1626.
Plans and surveys of the lands of the Warden and assistants,
1760-1820.
Accounts of the Warden and assistants, 1557-1835 (gap 16861735).
Letters, receipts and copies of the Charity Commissioners
scheme for administering the grammar school’s funds,
1849-1924.
Rules and accounts of the Louth Grammar School Exhibition
Fund, 1823-71.
A parcel of title deeds, copies of wills and inquisitions post
mortem, surveys and plans relating to land in Skidbrook,
South Somercotes and Theddlethorpe, 1490-early 19c.
These are referred to as Hardy’s charity lands and it is
not at present clear whether the charity was being administered by the Warden and assistants or whether they
were by way of a deposit with the Clerk of the peace.
59
Manorial records
Compotus of the mayor of Louth, 1570.
Lists of outrents payable to the Warden and assistants as lords
of the manor of Louth.
Corn?;;;; of Michael atte Stok, reeve of Aston (unidentified)
- .
Administrative records
3
Minute books of the corporation of Louth, 1775-1835.
Minute books of the warden and assistants of the school,
1836-73.
Minute books of the governors of the grammar school foundation, 1895-1909.
Registers of admissions to the school, 1798-1911 (some biographical notes and extracted lists occur among these).
Orders and statutes drawn up by the warden and assistants
for the government of the school, 1796-1851.
Circulars and letters from the Board of Education, 1901-g.
Miscellaneous
Schedules of corporation charters and records in 1835.
Copy and translation of the charter of 1551 and part of that
for 1564 (sewn sheets of parchment, see also the report
of the Museum for the remainder of this document).
Agreement about ancient lights and award of a boundary
fence, 1870.
Two case papers concerning leases, 1740 and 1864.
Plan of the new boys’ school.
Loufh Natural History and Anfiquarian Sociefy
Charters
Chantry of Thomas de Luda, episcopal confirmation, 1317 ;
licence in mortmain, Holy Trinity Gild, 1453.
judicial
Estreats of amercements of the sessions of the peace at Louth,
1605-6.
Revenues and property
Quittances.in the exchequer for the payment of the fee farm
rent, 1561-1648 (cf. a similar acquittance, 1623, British
Museum Add. Ms. 25620).
Compotus of the seal keeper of the warden and assistants,
1613.
Leases by aldermen of the gilds and warden and assistants,
lands in Louth, Partney and Theddlethorpe, 1493-c.1770.
Manorial
Court rolls of the manor of Louth, E392-1620,
Estreats of fines. 1609, 1620.
60
List of outrents due to warden and assistants as lords of the
manor of Louth, 1596.
Accounts of the bailiffs of the manor of Louth, 1560-82.
Miscellaneous
Copy and translation of part of the charter of 1564 and of
charters of 1605-8 (see under Grammar School above for
the remainder of this document).
Accounts of the Louth feoffees of charities, 1573-1799.
Miscellaneous collections
Title deeds : Louth, Wrawby, Marsh Chapel, Somerby,
Manby, Partney, Scunthorpe, Little Grimsby, Anderby,
Theddlethorpe, Barton on Humber, Croft, Fotherby,
Farlesthorpe, North Thoresby, Alvingham, Saltfleetby,
Skendleby, East Stoke, co. Nott., Chesworth, Sussex,
Byland, co. York, 61 items, 1392-1865.
Wills and probates, 3 items, 1382-1660, the earliest, in Norman
French, is for Sir John Brewer of Wittenham (? co. Berk.)
Misc. papers with a Lincolnshire interest including civil war
commission, marriage licence, church court paper, copy
of a plea in King’s bench (1339), apprenticeship indenture;
1339-1862.
Miscellaneous non-Lincolnshire papers including a survey of
the lands of Philip earl of Arundel c. 1590, court roll of
Sewardston, Essex, 1767, a copy of Mercurius Britannicus
no. 6 (1643), 1480-1698.
Information, records in other custody
The archivist received from the Registrar, National Register
of Archives, reports on the muniments of Sir Stephen Middleton,
bart. containing some relating to Caenby and the report on those
of the right honourable Lord O’Hagan relating among other properties to lands in Nocton, Metheringham, Dunston, Canwick,
Osbournby, Blankney, Harpswell, Fillingham, Scot Willoughby,
City of Lincoln, and other places in Lincolnshire. Anyone wishing further information relating to either of these collections is
asked to communicate with the archivist or with the Registrar,
National Register of Archives, Public Record Office, Chancery
Lane, W.C.2.
In addition ‘to books and pamphlets relating to other repositories and collections noted under ” Gifts of ‘Books ” above, the
archivist has received copies of their reports from the archivists
for the counties of Bedford, Shropshire, Stafford and Worcester.
1 l-PUBLICATIONS
The Lincoln Record Society has published volumes VI. and
VII. of The Registrum Antiquissimum of the Cathedral Church
of Lincoln edited by Miss Kathleen Major (Lincoln Record Sot.
~01s. 41 and 42) of which volume VI. deals with charters relating
‘;
to the South Riding of Lindsey from the muniments of the Dean
and Chapter, and vol VII. consists only of plates illustrating
volumes V. and VI. The second volume of the rolls and registers
of bishop Oliver Sutton, 1280-99, edited by Miss Rosalind Hill,
Lincoln Record Sot. volume 43, is concerned with institutions in
the archdeaconry of Northampton. An essay by Miss Kathleen
Major has appeared in Medieval Studies presented to Rose
Graham printed for subscribers, Oxford University Press, 1950,
entitled The Office of the Chapter Clerk at Lincoln in the Middle
Ages based on a study of the archives of the Dean and Chapter.
The Committee authorised the printing of the archivists’ reports,
1948-50, and copies of this may be obtained from the Archivist,
Lincolnshire Archives Office, Exchequer Gate, Lincoln, for 2/9
including postage.
l&LECTURES AND SUMMER SCHOOL
Lectures on various aspects of Lincolnshire records have been
given by the archivist to Grimsby Park, Gainsborough St. Ogg
and Cleethorpes Vigilantes Townswomen’s guilds, to the Bridlington Augustinian Society and to the Boston branch of the Historical Association, and by the assistant archivist to the Frodingham
Church Youth Group, the Historical Society of the University of
Nottingham: and the .Gainsborough Group of the Local History
Society. The archivist also opened a discussion at a meeting of
the East Midland branch of the Society of Local Archivists held
at Exchequer Gate, Lincoln.
The archivist was asked to co-operate in the work of the summer school of the Lincolnshire Local History Society, arranged
by the Lindsey and Holland Rural Community Council and the
University of Nottingham Extra-Mural department. Part of the
work of the school (which was under the direction of Mr. M. W.
Barley of the above department) consisted in studying some of the
inventories for probate among the diocesan records with special
relation to any details of buildings and the number and types of
rooms and houses contained therein, 1570-1720. The students
came in two groups for l& hour sessions during their week’s stay
and were helped in the reading of documents by the director of
studies and the archivists. The archivist lectured to the school
on handwriting in England during the 16th-17th centuries and the
assistant achivist on sources for the history of buildings to be
found among local archives. It is hoped that publications based on
the work of the school will appear in The Lincolnshire Historian,
the magazine of the Lincolnshire Local History Society, Spring
number, 1951. Enquiries for this may be made from the secretary
of the society] 86 Newland, Lincoln.
13-USE OF THE OFFICE
Up to 12th March, when the office was closed for decorations,
it has been used by 103 different readers during the year, and
the number of reader visits (readers signing the visitors’ book
once daily) was 939. The number of persons visiting the office and
being shown something of the collections was 170. This included
z
62
a number of parties such as members of a class in local history
at Billinghay and a group of the Lincolnshire Local History
Society at Grantham in each case to see special small exhibitions
relating to their districts, parties from a school of local studies
organised by the University of Nottingham for members of the
Royal Air Force, members of the Lancashire Antiquarian Society,
and students from the Lincoln ,Training College.
Seventy-five specific searches were undertaken by the office
including several lists of incumbents of parishes, and 184 letters
of enquiry respecting the records and related topics have been
answered, as well as letters relating to visits and deposits.
IGFURTHER ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
The archi_vists are very’grateful to all those donors and depositors of documents who are rapidly adding to the scope and
interest of the Committee’s collections. They are also very grateful to the clerks of the county councils for the three divisions of
Lincolnshire, the town clerk of Lincoln and the director of the
Lincoln Public Library and their staffs for kindness and help
given when their repositories are visited, and to the librarian of
the Foster library in the Lindsey and Holland county library and
Miss F. E. Thurlby for their co-operation with regard to searches
and enquiries. They further acknowledge with much gratitude
the special and helpful interest in their work shown by Miss
Kathleen Major, Mr. H. W. Brace, Mr. G. S. Dixon and Mr. C. L.
Exley
/
JOAN VARLEY,
Archivist.
DOROTHY M. WILLIAMSON,
Assistant Archivist.
Y
Q

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