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Senior Thesis Final Report
Ryan Korona
Construction Management - David Riley Ph. D.
Executive Summary
Senior Thesis Final Report is intended to provide a thorough in-depth analysis of the New Indian Valley
High School construction project. Areas of research include a broad investigation into client information,
project delivery, key project team members, existing conditions and major building systems. In addition,
this report also provides research into four different analysis topics encompassing several different
disciplines of engineering and building construction.
The four analysis topics illustrated in this report include feasibility and design study of a photovoltaic
energy system, the development of a short interval production schedule, re-orientation of current
vertical closed-loop geothermal mechanical system and the possibility of building re-orientation/design
excavation effects. The four analyses were developed to revolve around the critical industries issues of
raising efficiencies and eliminating unnecessary spending.
Analysis #1: Feasibility and Design Study for Photovoltaic Energy System
The New Indian Valley High School design utilizes only a few sustainable design techniques. However,
the implementation of a photovoltaic energy system could provide a substantial financial benefit to the
new high school. This analysis will focus on the design and feasibility of a rooftop PV system. The
analysis showed that incorporating a total of 20000SF of PV arrays, along with limited use of off-the-grid
electricity that substantial savings could be rendered throughout the life of the building. Preliminary
analysis and research into cases studies showed potential savings of $25,000 a year could be achieved.
Taking into consideration the rebate/incentive programs within the state of Pennsylvania and yearly
savings on energy, the school district could see a full return of investment throughout the proposed
lifetime and use of the school.
Analysis #2: Implementation/Development of Short Interval Production Schedule
Short Interval Production Scheduling (SIPS) is the focus for the second analysis. Two of the five phases of
construction of the new school house a vast majority of the classrooms. The repetitive nature of these
phases of the project provides a perfect opportunity to attempt to bring a high level of efficiency and
quality to the construction process, not only saving time but also money. The shortened duration has
the potential to generate savings in rising general conditions costs and assure a more quality project due
to the rapid repetitive nature of the schedule.
Analysis #3: Re-orientation of Vertical Closed Loop Geothermal Mechanical System
The New Indian Valley High School has been designed with a vertical closed loop geothermal mechanical
system. This highly efficient mechanical system is one of the few sustainable features of the building.
However, unforeseen rock conditions in proposed well field sites caused project delays. The reorientation of a horizontal closed loop geothermal mechanical system would eliminate extra installation
costs of the deep vertical wells coupled with the elimination of construction delays. The new school has
efficient land area to incorporate the horizontal changes to part of the closed loop system.
Analysis #4: Building Orientation/Re-design Excavation Effects
Site properties open a door for potential building re-orientation/footprint design due to the amount of
excavation work needed on this project. The ridge line north of the current high school serves as the
new location of the new school. This ridge line consists of a moderate slope which requires extensive
excavation, grading, earth reinforcement and the placement of retaining walls to prepare the site for
use. The goal of this analysis was to show potential savings from excavation and site work without
sacrificing owner wants/expectations.

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