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Supreme Allied Commander Transformation
Counter UAxS Workshop
Old Dominion University, Norfolk, 09 – 11 Dec 14
Major Jean-Claude Deskeuvre, BEL A
ACT – Leading NATO Military
Some acronyms
MCDC conclusions presentation
Last evolutions
What is the problem?
Related specific objectives
COI approach
Way Ahead
ACT – Leading NATO Military
Some Acronyms
• UAV: Unmanned Aircraft/Aerial Vehicles
• UAS: Unmanned Aerial Systems
• RPV: Remote Piloted Vehicles
• AxS: Autonomous Systems
• UAxS: Unmanned Autonomous Systems
• CUAxS: Counter Unmanned Autonomous Systems
ACT – Leading NATO Military
During the last years, UAV/UAS started to be widely available and
accessible. The focus was mainly put on air/aerial products.
Recently, the autonomous dimension was added and the ongoing works
were focusing also on ground, maritime and Comms dimensions.
These products are becoming available and accessible at much lower
cost for both state and non-state organizations
In some organizations, UAVs-like systems are considering as a major
emerging security challenge
The threat represented by these systems is becoming a de-facto
illustration within the asymmetric warfare arena.
Regarding AxS, a first workshop was organized and helped defining the
MCDC policy guidance.
ACT – Leading NATO Military
Last evolutions
The accent in the unmanned area was put on aerial side of the
capability, BUT Maritime and Ground capabilities are developing fast
The Autonomous aspect of the unmanned capability is increasingly
taken into consideration:
For development and implementation
Regarding the related legal and moral consequences
When considering the development of counter measures against the
UAxS capabilities, it was deemed necessary to address all the
dimensions of the problem.
Development of CUAxS awareness
ACT – Leading NATO Military
What is the problem?
From a military perspective, UAxS are increasingly
becoming part of the present-day joint operations and have/
will have potential to be used across the whole spectrum of
operational functions in low or high intensity conflicts. In
addition, they can used by state and non-state actors in a
defensive or offensive way. Since they become much more
affordable, their use is growing dramatically. It is absolutely
necessary to understand associated potential threats to
military and civilian personnel, leadership and facilities. This
knowledge will allow developing an adequate way ahead to
develop efficient countermeasures. The level of
“autonomy” is a specific and critical factor to be considered.
ACT – Leading NATO Military
The following has to be addressed:
– Update the situational awareness about UAxS
in four dimensions (Ground, Air, Sea and C3IS
for the data link). The level of autonomy has to
be considered.
– Develop a common understanding around the
autonomous concept and the unmanned idea
– Identifying the threats associated with UAxS
– Considering the adequate counter-measures in
all aspects of the threat
ACT – Leading NATO Military
Related specific objectives
Consider countering UAxS in four dimensions (Gd, Air, Sea, overriding of C2 link),
from various sizes (small-medium-large)
Protection of large RPAS (Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems) from unlawful
To examine the ways for solutions taking into consideration already existing
ACT – Leading NATO Military
Related specific objectives
To delineate (as much as possible) the unmanned, automated and autonomous
characteristics in order to address the issue in the most precise and efficient
To examine the multi-dimensional character of the CUAxS problem, meaning to
consider the existing operational approaches, the legal environment and the
ethic perspective linked to the use of these capabilities
To provide a list of recommendations for the way forward; whether that be
through development of doctrine or specific capabilities in order to achieve an
agile response to the crises and consequences of a mostly unpredictable and
changing environment.
ACT – Leading NATO Military
COI approach
•Multinational Capability Development Campaign
• Experimentation in support of the project
•The aim is to experiment for identifying issues, suggesting solutions
and giving directions for capability developments and integration with
existing ones.
• Participation of Academia and Industry
• Collaboration with Nations
ACT – Leading NATO Military
Way ahead
• End of the workshop: summary available to all participants
through a matrix (threats, counter-measures, way ahead)
• January 15: document with main ideas and conclusions of the
• Setup of a Counter UAxS COI
• Enhance collaboration with interested partners
• Pending the evolution of the COI after the workshop, organise
a next forum/workshop with specific identified aspects
ACT – Leading NATO Military
Let us start
ACT – Leading NATO Military

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