Primary School Physical Literacy Framework

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Primary School Physical
Literacy Framework
Supporting primary schools to develop the physical
literacy of all their pupils
This Primary School Physical Literacy Framework has been
developed by Youth Sport Trust (YST) in partnership with:
—— Sport England (SE)
—— County Sport Partnership Network (CSPn)
—— Association of Physical Education (afPE)
—— sports coach UK (scUK)
—— Community of Providers of Physical Activity and Sports (COMPASS)
and the following National Governing Bodies of Sport/
Membership Organisations:
Amateur Boxing Association of England Ltd
Archery GB
Amateur Swimming Association
Badminton England
Baseball Softball UK
British Cycling British Gymnastics
British Orienteering
Canoe England
England Athletics
England Basketball
England Handball
England Hockey
England Netball
England Squash & Racketball
English Lacrosse
English Table Tennis Association
Golf Foundation
Rounders England
Rugby Football League
Rugby Football Union
Tennis Foundation
Volleyball England
What is physical literacy?
Physical literacy can be described as the motivation, confidence, physical competence, knowledge and
understanding that provides children with the movement foundation for lifelong participation in physical
activity. Enabling them to be physically literate supports their development as competent, confident and
healthy movers.
How will this framework help you?
This framework has been designed to support those working in primary schools to consider how best
they can structure their PE and school sport provision to ensure maximum opportunity is provided to
develop the physical literacy of all their pupils.
Why should schools, and partners working with schools, consider this?
In a school context developing physical literacy is the foundation of PE and school sport. Physical literacy
is not a programme, rather it is an outcome of any structured PE and school sport provision, which is
achieved more readily if learners encounter a range of age and stage appropriate opportunities. This
framework will help you to consider what those age and stage appropriate opportunities need to focus
on to maximise the potential to develop the physical literacy of all pupils through PE and school sport.
Primary School Physical Literacy Framework
Supporting primary schools to develop the physical literacy of all their pupils
Physical Education Curriculum
Literacy, Learning, Leadership
Competitive School Sport
Extra-curricular School Sport
Breakfast, lunchtime or after-school programmes
Exercise, Engagement, Enjoyment
A year round programme
Coaching, Competition, Clubs
High quality physical education for every child
Equipping every child to lead healthy active lifestyles
Creating participation pathways inclusive of all
young people
Delivered by teachers
Delivered by teachers and appropriately qualified and skilled coaches/professionals*.
Supported by young leaders and volunteers
Competition formats providing opportunities that include
all young people
Delivered by teachers, coaches and volunteers.
Supported by young leaders (including young officials)
Through the provision of structured and free play, create environments which introduce and develop control and co-ordination in large and small movements. Helping children to move
confidently in a range of ways, negotiating space safely. Helping them to understand factors that contribute to keeping healthy, such as physical exercise and the food they eat. Pupils
can express themselves about things they can do to keep themselves healthy and safe
Not applicable
Creating a movement foundation to underpin lifelong
participation, enabling pupils to access a range of learning
experiences which supports the development
of competent and confident movers
Multi-skills clubs for every child that builds on the development of movement foundation within the curriculum PE
sessions. Places them in clubs that provides play and reinforces the importance of being physically active, as well
as introducing basic leadership opportunities and social interaction
Year round programme of activities focused on
setting personal challenges, based on movement
foundation and multi-skills. Delivered in and around
PE or extra-curricular time and culminating in a one-off
annual celebration event
Adapted physical activities through which a young person
develops and applies a broad range of skills in different
contexts — enhancing their creative, social and thinking
skills in PE. They also begin to gain an understanding of
the positive benefits of being physically active
Fun and engaging non-traditional/alternative activity
formats that get children and young people active in
themed multi-activity environments; introduces simple
messages around health, e.g. in Change4Life Sports
Clubs (Combat, Adventure, Flight)
Multi-sport clubs delivered by appropriate, qualified
and accredited ‘multi-sport’ coaches. Utilising the skills
and characteristics of a range of sports in a themed
sports club i.e. Invasion, Netwall, Strike/Field, Disability
Sport. Equipping young people with the skills and
confidence to progress into age and stage appropriate
National Governing Body (NGB) formats
Themed formats, delivered in extra-curricular time.
Building from competition introduced in PE, focussed
on games and personal challenge activities that use the
skills and characteristics of NGB sports. This supports
School Games competition at Level 1 (Intra-), Level 2
and 3 (Inter-) i.e. Target, Netwall, Combat or Inclusive
Games festivals. The very few early specialistion sports
may have NGB formats for this age
Learning physical, social and thinking skills through
sport specific activities (modified to be age and stage
appropriate). They are also developing leadership skills
and are able to articulate the benefits of regular exercise
Alternative or modified extra-curricular activity that
supports young people interested in an alternative sports
and activity pathways that transition into recreational
opportunities offered at KS3 i.e. Dodgeball, Ultimate Frisbee,
Cheerleading, StreetDance or Wheelchair Sports Skills
Sport specific (modified to be age and stage
appropriate) extra-curricular clubs for young people
wanting to be involved in Intra- and Inter-school sport.
Supporting transition to a local clubmark (or equivalent)
accredited community sports club
NGB formats delivered in extra-curricular time
building from competition introduced in PE. Based
upon modifications designed to be progressive and
appropriate to the development stage of young people.
Examples on the Sainsbury’s School Games site
Teachers supported to deliver inclusive PE ensuring that
children and young people who have special educational
needs (SEN) or disabilities fully access and engage
in PE lessons
Identifying and addressing the barriers to participation in consultation with young people who have SEN or disabilities
and their carers. Utilise adaptive games packages such as TOP Sportsability to increase opportunities for young disabled
people to access a range of activities and sports
*The minimum qualification, recommended by the National Partners, for a coach or professional working in the primary
school context is considered to be a UKCC Level 2 coaching qualification or equivalent in the activity being delivered.
Modifying and adapting activity to create ‘inclusive
competitions’. Utilising existing NGB ‘inclusive’ formats
and designing personal challenges that enable young
people who have SEN or disabilities to achieve their
personal best

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