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Phil Brown (footballer, born 1959)
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This program was made possible by a
grant provided by:
Well, maybe not too wild, but you can
take a leisurely walk along The “Parks
that Teach” corridor of the City’s newly
Guided tours will be led by the
University of Florida’s Master Gardeners,
individuals who have completed an extensive training course in gardening
sponsored by the University of Florida. As you walk thru the pathway, view
the unique ecosystems of the mangroves,
identify trees and shrubs, and learn how
these plants can fit into your home landscape. In addition, experience the habitats that support many different Florida
creatures including alligators, wading
birds, turtles, fish, raccoons, and crabs.
The Master Gardener guides will introduce native, non-native Florida Friendly (good to plant ) and invasive plants (not good to plant)
and the difference between each. Learn about the importance of the
mangrove community, it’s value as a habitat and the support it provides as nursery grounds for fish, birds, crabs and other creatures as
well as the ability of the mangroves to survive under low oxygen and
saline environments.
Join us and get to know the Nature of Florida!
No RSVP required Tours depart from Fisherman’s Village parking lot near the tennis courts Tour will last approximately one & 1/2 hours Wear comfortable clothing & footwear Additional information and guided walks will
be posted in the kiosk on the Parks that Teach
corridor of the Punta Gorda Pathways at the Shreve
Street and West Virginia Avenue crossing.
The Master Gardener program is sponsored by the University
of Florida. Each Master Gardener is a volunteer and has had
extensive training regarding gardening in Southwest Florida.
The Master Gardeners conducting these tours have had
specialized training regarding the flora along the pathways.
Each is excited to share this special walking adventure with
Kate Preston born and raised in Miami, Florida, Botanist,
Environmental Biologist and former curator of ferns, cycads,
and economic plant collections at U.S. Botanic Garden
Conservatory in D.C. Special interests include ethnobotany,
staghorn ferns, multi-cultural Gardens and the upcoming Peace
River Botanical and Sculpture Gardens.
Donna Worthly a Master Gardener since 1992, she chairs
the Plant Lifeline and is active in the Yards and Neighborhoods
Committee and Speakers Bureau. Donna specializes in growing
tropical fruits, palms, and alternatives to turf grass with
interest in roof-top gardens.
Phil Brown Originally from Pittsburgh PA, a retired clinical
social worker, completed Master Gardner training in 2006,
other interest include bicycling, kayaking and world traveling.
Carolyn Honour Originally from California, she took the
Master Gardner class to learn about Florida vegetation and how
to deal with the weather and insects. She belongs to the Punta
Gorda Garden Club where she enjoys working on the public
gardens in the City.
Linda Waters a lifetime educator, Florida Master Naturalist,
currently organizing and/or leading year long series. Nature
Talks and Walks in Desoto County.
Patricia Lee Originally from Ohio, became a Master Gardner
in 2003 but found that there is always something to learn about
growing in Florida.
Angela Black has lived in the Florida area for 13-years and
loves being outside for 12 months of the year. She started
landscaping as a hobby and opened a landscape
company. After many hours in the landscaping field she has
now decided to turn her attention towards the nutritional needs
of our plants and trees here in Florida. She enjoys passing on
this knowledge to her customers and friends. Angela says “if
we are aware of what’s ‘bugging’ our plants” the better we can
treat them!
Master Gardeners are happy to accommodate
individual, bicycle or “doggie” groups wishing
to schedule guided walks outside of regularly
scheduled walks....
Call the Master Gardeners at
to schedule your group or
for more information.
Fisherman’s Village
(Parks that Teach)
Pimenta dioica Non-Native
Height: 30-40 ft.
Spread: 20 ft.
Full Sun
Drought Tolerant
Not Salt Tolerant
Evergreen Tree
Large Glossy Aromatic
The spice or condiment, allspice, is made from the dried, unripe
fruit of the allspice or pimento tree. This is a small tree that
grows to 40 ft tall, with large 4-8 in long leaves. These are
leathery, evergreen, opposite, oblong, aromatic and quite
attractive. The whitish gray bark peels in thin sheets. The white
flowers are about a 0.25 in across and borne in many flowered
pyramidal cymes originating from the leaf axils. The fruit is a
brown berrylike drupe, about a 0.25 in long. The leaves and fruit
smell like a combination of cloves, black pepper, nutmeg, and
cinnamon, hence the common name.
Clusia rosea Native
Height: 25 -30 ft.
Spread: 15 - 25 ft.
Pest Resistant
Highly Drought Tolerant
Highly Salt Tolerant
Can be used in different
landscapes as a street
tree, specimen tree or
According to Florida’s Nature the Autograph Tree (Clusia rosea),
also known as the Pitch Apple, is considered native to South
Florida. A medium sized landscape tree that matures with a
short, stocky trunk, this tree is noted for its thick, long leathery
leaves that can be autographed, preserving a name or message
until the leaf is shed. The black material inside of the mature fruit
was once used to seal and waterproof boats, hence the common
name Pitch Apple.
Although the Pitch Apple can grow to over 50 feet tall in its
natural habitat, in Florida landscapes 30 feet with an equal
spread is more typical. Clusia rosea is often used as screen plant,
making good use of its low branching, spreading habit of growth.
It can be used as a small to medium sized specimen tree. With
good salt and drought tolerance once established, this tree enjoys
full sun to partial or high shade, and is not fussy about soil pH or
Pimenta racemosa Non-Native
Height: 20 ft.
Spread: 10-15 ft.
Full Sun - Partial Shade
Drought Tolerant
Low Salt Tolerant
Evergreen Shade Tree
Used to flavor bay rum,
fruit is NOT edible
Pimenta racemosa is a species in the myrtle family (Myrtaceae)
that is native to the islands of the Caribbean. This small sized tree
is related to the Allspice tree. The leaves contain an aromatic oil
that somewhat resembles clove oil. Common names include West
Indian Bay Tree and Bay Rum Tree. The tree grows to about 20
feet tall and the white flowers become black oval fruits. The ideal
conditions for Pimenta racemosa include regular irrigation and
bright sunshine. While the fruit is not edible, leaves of Pimenta
racemosa can be used in cooking and tea and a cologne can be
distilled from the toxic essential oil.
Sabal palmetto Native
Height: 40-50 ft.
Spread: 10-15 ft.
Full Sun – Partial Shade
High Drought Tolerant
High Salt Tolerant
Best Hurricane Proof
The cabbage palm is a large robust palm with a single
unbranching trunk that grows to about 50 ft but may
occassionally reach heights of 70 ft. The crown is relatively small
and like many palms the crown is typically wider when grown in
shade and more compact when grown in full sun.
The large leaves have a dull finish and are a medium green,
sometimes yellow-green, in color depending on the individual
and situation. Each leaf is up to 12 ft long overall including the
spineless petioles (leaf stems) which measure about 5-6 ft in
length. They are up to 6 ft in width with drooping leaf segments.
These segments are split to about half the width of the leaf and
typically slough off tan fibers at the edges. Cabbage palm leaves
are said to be costapalmate meaning that the leaflets are
arranged on the stem in a pattern that is midway between
palmate (leaflets arranged like the fingers on the palm of your
hand) and pinnate (feather shaped).
Tripsacum dactyloides Height: 4 - 6 ft.
Spread: 4 - 6 ft.
Full Sun
Pest Resistant
Low Drought Tolerant
Low Salt Tolerant
Can tolerate occasional
wet soil
This Southeast U.S. native grass is becoming increasingly popular
among gardeners and it's easy to see why. Easy to grow and
virtually pest-free, this grass is stunningly beautiful with its rich
green foliage erupting from fountain-like clumps that will grow to
5 ft (1.5 m) in height and 4 ft (1.2 m) wide. The leaves are erect up
to 6 ft (1.8 m) in length and about 1 in (2.5 cm) wide. Distinctive
flowers appear in late spring (in the Deep South) to mid-summer
and rise above the leaves on slender stems. Gamma grass is
evergreen in sub-tropical areas. When exposed to frosts the leaves
assume shades of red and bronze. Severe cold will clobber the
leaves and cut the plant to the ground
Hamelia patens Height: 6 - 12 ft.
Spread: 5 - 8 ft.
Partial Sun – Partial
Moderately Pest Resistant
Moderately Drought
Low Salt Tolerant
Hummingbirds and
butterflies enjoy the nectar
in the year-round orangered flowers
Firebush is a perennial shrub that is used by gardeners
because it produces flowers from late spring until the first
frost. The bright red-orange flowers attract hummingbirds,
honey bees, and butterflies, including the zebra longwing and
gulf fritillary butterflies. Song birds also like to feed on the
In South Florida this plant can reach fifteen feet tall, though it
can easily be kept to three to eight feet tall. It works well in
hedges, mixed borders, or as a stand-alone shrub. Once
established it is heat and drought tolerant. It can grow in a
range of soils, and has no serious insect or disease problems.
If temperatures get too cold during the winter months, it may
die back after the first freeze but will re-grow in the spring,
making it what some people call a "root-hardy perennial."
Wodyetia bifurcata Non-Native
Height: 30 ft.
Spread: 10-15 ft.
Full Sun – Partial Shade
Moderate Drought Tolerant
Low Salt Tolerant
Attractive palm used in areas where Royal Palms
are too tall
The Foxtail Palm has a full, dark-green appearance resembling the
larger Royal Palm, and is one of the most commonly used
landscape palms in the world. Foxtail palms are native to
Australia. The Foxtail palm is popular because of its ability to
tolerate a wide variety of soil conditions. This palm tree can reach a
height of approximately 30 feet, is drought tolerant and very
adaptable to many environments. It has a smooth, self-cleaning
trunk and feather-like fronds which resemble a fox’s tail. Although
the Foxtail is best grown in sunny, open areas, it can grow in both
sun and shade. The Foxtail will enhance the look of any
commercial or residential area, creating a tropical feel to any
Conocarpus erectus Native
Height: 30-35 ft.
Spread: 20-50 ft.
Full Sun – Partial Shade
Pest Resistant
High Drought Tolerant
High Salt Tolerant
Shrubby Evergreen
Provides food and cover
for wildlife
Green Buttonwood is an ideal plant for City homeowners. It is
a low-branching, multi-trunked, shrubby, evergreen tree,
which has small leaves. The inconspicuous, small greenish
flowers appear in dense heads in the spring and are followed
by half-inch red-brown, cone-like fruits. When planted in the
open, Buttonwood will grow to about 20 to 25 feet tall and
wide and is ideal for specimen planting. The species is less
common and grows taller than the Silver Buttonwood. Due to
the attractive, ridged bark and soft foliage, a multi-stemmed
specimen makes a nice patio or street tree as it is quite
tolerant of urban conditions. The wood of Buttonwood was
formerly used for firewood, cabinetwork, and charcoal
making and is very strong. It is an ideal wood for smoking
fish and meats. A Florida native, the Buttonwood is a good
choice for planting in wet soil conditions particularly along
brackish water body shorelines.
Bursera simaruba Native
Height: 25-40 ft.
Spread: 25-40 ft.
Partial Sun– Full Shade
High Drought Tolerant
High Salt Tolerant
Semi-evergreen Tree
Soft, light-weight wood
that is easily carved, used
for making carousel horses
Gumbo-limbo is a medium sized fast-growing tree native to
Florida and the islands of the Caribbean. Semi-deciduous it
loses all its leaves in early spring just before the new leaves
appear. The Gumbo Limbo makes for a beautiful specimen
tree in a mild coastal location as it is fast growing and
tolerant of salt and calcareous soils. The attractive shiny red
exfoliating bark of the Gumbo Limbo leads to one of its
common names the Tourist Tree. Thriving with little or no
care, the Gumbo Limbo makes a handsome summertime
shade tree, and is often used as a street tree.
Haitians make drums from the trunk of gumbo-limbo. A resin
obtained from the trunk and bark is called chibou, in the West
Indies, and is used to make glue, varnish, water repellent
coatings and incense. The resin smells a little like turpentine.
The fruits are eaten by several kinds of birds. The soft wood is
easily carved.
Jacaranda mimosifolia Non-Native
Height: 25-45 ft.
Spread: 45-60 ft.
Full Sun
High Drought Tolerant
Not Salt Tolerant
Deciduous (lose leaves
Spectacular Flowering
The Jacaranda Tree is a tropical beauty native to Central and
South America with its clusters of fragrant, purple, trumpetshaped blooms. It makes an excellent shade or street tree. It
needs a well-drained soil and is very drought tolerant.
Careful planning is necessary when planting because of its
large surface roots.
Acrostichum danaeifolium
Height: 4 - 8 ft.
Spread: 3 - 5 ft.
Pest Resistant
Low Drought Tolerant
Highly Salt Tolerant
Can be grown in mangrove
swamps, mass plantings,
and roadway medians
The Leather Fern, Acrostichum danaeifolium, is native to
Florida and is widely distributed in central and southern
portions of the State. The giant leather fern grows in coastal
hammocks and in brackish and mangrove swamps and
further inland along canals and pond edges. It grows
vigorously in full sun to full shade but it will not tolerate
freezing temperatures.
The Leather Fern is Florida’s largest fern with erect fronds
that are typically 6 feet tall but can grow to 12 feet long and
up to 2 feet wide. It is a natural clumper that is best featured
in a landscape with plenty of room where it will make a
dramatic statement. It grows in width by suckering from
underground rhizomes. In a damp location the giant leather
fern requires no fertilization to become established and to
maintain its best appearance.
Macadamia integrifolia Non-Native
Height: 30-40 ft.
Spread: 30 ft.
Full Sun
Drought Tolerant (once
Not Salt Tolerant
Can handle some flooding
Light frosts may damage
young trees
Macadamia nut trees are native to tropical rain forests of
Australia. While the tree will do fine in direct sun, it will need
protection from the hotter rays of the afternoon sun and
plenty of moisture. Macadamia nuts grow on large bushy
trees which start producing after four or five years in October
or November every year.
Mangroves filter and remove
runoff, debris, and pollutants
from adjacent uplands. This
prevents the pollutants from
contaminating waters and helps
to maintain and improve water
quality, as well as protecting the
sea grass beds.
Fish in south Florida depend on
the mangrove ecosystem at
some point in their life. The
mangrove branches also serve as rookeries (nesting areas) for a
diversity of diving and wading birds.
Avicennia germinans Native
Height: 40 ft.
Spread: 30 ft.
Full Sun
High Salt Tolerant
Top side of leaves may
appear white due to
formation of crystals
from salt excreted from
the leaves
Rhizophora mangle Native
Height: 20-40 ft.
Spread: 20-30 ft.
Full Sun
Likes Wet Soils
Walking prop roots for
support & stability
One of the most valuable
trees for creating and
preserving shorelines in
south Florida
Red Mangrove is one of the most valuable trees for creating
and preserving shorelines in south Florida.
Laguncularia racemosa Native
Height: 40 ft.
Full Sun
High Salt Tolerant
Bark used to treat fevers,
skin wounds, ulcers,
scurvy and prevent
tumors by native cultures
Muhlenbergia capillaris Height: 3 - 5 ft.
Spread: 2 - 3 ft.
Full Sun
Pest Resistant
Highly Drought Tolerant
Moderately Salt Tolerant
Can tolerate periodic
flooding and blooms pink
flowers in the fall
Muhly Grass, a decorative grass native to Florida, has a
clumping form, growing 3- to 4-feet-tall and about as wide. A
stiff, upright growth habit makes this markedly different from
many other grasses. Delicate, purple flowers emerge in the
fall well above the foliage and can literally cover the foliage.
Muhly grass is naturally found in Florida's pine flatwoods,
coastal uplands and even along its highways. It is a great
choice for both home and commercial landscapes due to its
growth habit, distinct appearance, attractive fall flowers, and
ease of maintenance.
Taxodium ascendens
Height: 50-60 ft.
Spread: 10-15 ft.
Full Sun – Partial Shade
Pest Resistant
High Drought Tolerant
Moderate Salt Tolerant
Slow growing tree with
thick, shaggy bark; loses
leaves in the fall
Pond Cypress is very similar to Bald Cypress distinguishable
by the scale-like leaves which overlap on the twigs. Pond
Cypress isn't as prone as Bald Cypress to have knees, and
when it does, they tend to be shorter and more rounded. Pond
Cypress usually has a more columnar growth habit than Bald
Cypress and is often preferred in landscape design for this
reason. Pond Cypress occurs naturally in shallow ponds and
wetlands along the southeastern U.S. coast from Virginia to
Louisiana. Its distribution area is smaller than that of the
Bald Cypress.
Roystonea elata
Height: 50-80 ft.
Spread: 15-25 ft.
Full Sun – Partial Shade
Moderate Drought Tolerant
Moderate Salt Tolerant
Susceptible to Royal Palm
Produces fruits which are
enjoyed by birds
Notably popular as street or specimen trees, Royal Palms
make a neat, tidy, yet stately landscape element for large
landscapes, often reaching 50 or more feet in height growing
nearly a foot per year. The tall, smooth, cement grey trunks
are capped with a glossy, green crown shaft several feet high
and a beautiful, broad, dense crown of soft, gently drooping,
fronds. Flowers are incredibly fragrant, even from 50 feet
away and are produced periodically throughout the year but
mostly in summer. The Royal Palm is self-cleaning with old
fronds drop off, but due to the height from which the fronds
drop they can cause injury or damage to plants or property.
One frond will fall about every month.
Royal Palms grow quite rapidly when given an abundance of
water and fertilizer in full sun or dappled shade. They
withstand strong winds and salt spray very well but some
foliage injury will be evident on Royal Palm located next to
the ocean.
Delonix regia Non-Native
Height: 40 ft.
Spread: 60 ft.
Full Sun
Pest Resistant
High Drought Tolerant
Not Salt Tolerant
Brilliant display of orange
-red colored flowers
This many-branched, broad, spreading, flat-crowned
deciduous tree is well-known for its brilliant display of redorange blooms, which cover the tree top from May to July.
The fine leaflets of the tree, a native of Madagascar, offers
light shade during the remainder of the growing season,
making Royal Poinciana a favorite shade tree or freestanding
specimens in large, open lawns. The Royal Poinciana is also a
nitrogen fixer improving soil conditions as it grows. Trunks
can become as large as 50 inches or more in diameter, and
the canopy may spread to 60 feet wide requiring a large open
space when choosing this tree.
Spartina bakeri Height: 3 - 4 ft.
Spread: 3 - 5 ft.
Full Sun
Pest Resistant
Highly Drought Tolerant
Highly Salt Tolerant
Can tolerate periodic
Sand Cordgrass is a robust ornamental grass that can form
clumps that are up to 20 feet in diameter. It can be used as
an accent or border and is striking when planted in a mass.
Space plants about 3 to 4 feet apart to form a mass of foliage
several years after planting. It is a good native grass for use
on the shorelines of ponds and streams and is exquisite when
backlit by the sun. It also is suited for planting in and around
water retention and detention areas because of its tolerance
for wet soil. Sand Cordgrass grows well in full sun or light
shade on medium dry to wet soils. This plant can tolerate
periodic flooding during the growing season and will also
grow well on the margins of sand ponds and fresh water
Coccoloba uvifera Native
Height: 25-30 ft.
Spread: 20-30 ft.
Full Sun – Partial Shade
Pest Resistant
High Drought Tolerant
Moderate Salt Tolerant
Clusters of ¾ inch diameter
green grapes, female trees
only, ripening to deep purple in late summer
The contorted, twisting trunk and unique branching habit
makes Seagrape an interesting, shade tree or specimen
planting. It can be pruned into a dense hedge, screen, or
windbreak. Because of its size and coarse texture, Seagrape as
a clipped hedge is more suited to foundation plantings for
large buildings where it will lend a tropical effect. The fruit of
the Seagrape is quite attractive to birds and is edible by
humans. Seagrapes were often used in jams and preserves
when settlers first came to Southern Florida.
The tree will perform well with little care, except for
occasional pruning of lower branches. Some people object to
the litter created by the large, slowly-decomposing leaves
which fall from the tree during the year. Plants should be
well-watered until established and then should only require
occasional pruning to control shape.
Conocarpus erectus var.sericeus Native
Height: 15-20 ft.
Spread: 15-20 ft.
Full Sun
Pest Resistant
High Drought Tolerant
High Salt Tolerant
Attractive silver foliage
can be used in seaside
Capable of reaching a height of 40 feet with a 20-foot spread, Silver
Buttonwood is often seen as a small, somewhat asymmetrical shrub
but is ideal for use as a screen, clipped hedge, or specimen planting.
Due to the attractive bark and soft silver foliage, a multi-stemmed
specimen can make a nice patio or street tree. Planted in the open as
a tree, Silver Buttonwood will grow to about 15 to 20 feet tall and
will often take on a picturesque, contorted appearance when
exposed to constant seashore winds, creating an attractive
specimen. The crown is more symmetrical 1/2 mile or more from
the coast or on the inland side of a tall ocean-front building. The
wood of Silver Buttonwood was formerly used for firewood,
cabinetwork, and charcoal making and is very strong. It is an ideal
wood for smoking meats and fish.
A Florida native, Silver Buttonwood is ideal for seaside plantings as
it is highly tolerant of full sun, sandy soils, and salty conditions. It
also tolerates brackish areas and alkaline soils, thriving in the
broken shade and wet soils of hammocks. This is a tough tree! It
withstands the rigors of urban conditions making a durable street or
parking lot tree.
Pinus elliottii Native
Height: 75-100 ft.
Spread: 35-50 ft.
Full Sun – Partial Shade
High Drought Tolerant
High Salt Tolerant
Susceptible to Pine Borers
Historically used to produce turpentine and resins
Slash Pine is self-pruning of its lower branches, is somewhat
pyramidal when young and forms an open, rounded canopy
creating a light, dappled shade beneath as it matures. This
allows just enough sun to filter through for maintenance of a
lawn beneath this tall, evergreen tree or for under plantings
of dogwoods, azaleas, camellias and other plants which
thrive in this high, shifting shade. Aggressive root
competition takes place beneath Pines so the shrubs and
lawn beneath and around the canopy often require more
frequent irrigation, particularly during the dry season. Pines
have some deep roots except in poorly-drained soil typical of
South Florida lowlands where all roots are shallow. The tap
root is prominent in well-drained soil and can make them
difficult to transplant from the wild. This native plant is best
used to create a natural-like setting or backdrop for other
Quercus virginiana
Height: 80 ft.
Spread: 60-100 ft.
Full Sun – Partial Sun
High Drought Tolerant
High Salt Tolerant
Evergreen Shade Tree
Can live greater than 200
Once established Live Oak will thrive in almost any location
and has very good wind resistance. Live Oak is a tough,
enduring tree that will respond with vigorous growth to
plentiful moisture on well-drained soil. Like other Oaks,
care must be taken to develop a strong branch structure early
in the life of the tree and must be given plenty of space to
grow. One of the biggest problems with Live Oak in our
cities is the lack of pruning. Therefore, it is not a plant-andforget tree. Although roots will grow under curbs and
sidewalks when planted in confined soil spaces allowing the
tree to thrive in urban sites, in time, they lift sidewalks, curbs
and driveways causing unsightly and expensive damage.
Washingtonia robusta Non-Native
Height: 40-50 ft.
Spread: 10-15 ft.
Full Sun
High Drought Tolerant
Moderate Salt Tolerant
Extensive Maintenance
Washington Palm makes a dramatic statement in the large
landscape growing rapidly up to 80 feet. As such it creates a
striking accent for multi-storied homes and commercial
building, but often grows out of scale in landscapes with
single-story buildings looking like a tall telephone pole with a
little green hat. Washington Palm needs full sun for best
growth but will endure some shade while young. It will
tolerate poor soil and quite drought and freeze hardy (20degrees F).
Swietenia mahogani Native
Height: 40-50 ft.
Spread: 40-60 ft.
Full Sun – Partial Shade
Resistant to Pest/
High Drought Tolerant
Moderate Salt Tolerant
Semi-evergreen Tree
Used for cabinet and
furniture making
The West Indian Mahogany, a native of the Caribbean basin
including Florida, is a popular avenue, shade, and framing
tree. It often is used in parks, commercial landscapes, and
parking lots in South Florida. Mahogany casts only a light
shadow and doesn't discourage grass and other plantings
beneath it. West Indies Mahogany is renowned for its ability
to withstand strong winds, and it is moderately tolerant of
salt spray and salty soils. It's a good large shade or specimen
tree for coastal (but not fully exposed to the sea) landscapes.
Canella winterana
Height: 20-30 ft.
Spread: 6-8 ft.
Full Sun – Partial Shade
Pest Resistant
High Drought Tolerant
Salt Tolerant
Endangered plant in
Wild Cinnamon is a salt tolerant large evergreen shrub or
small tree native of Florida and tropical America. Purple and
white showy flowers cover the tree in summer and fall
followed by bright red berries clustered near the tips of
branches. It can be used as a specimen planted alone in the
landscape as a small tree. They can be trained with several
stems reaching up into the canopy, or left to grow with one
trunk as seen in the wild. The rich, dense foliage creates a
cooling shade beneath the tree and makes this a good native
plant for locating near patios and decks for large and small
residences alike. The narrow canopy makes it a good
candidate for a clipped or unclipped screen along a property
line. The Wild Cinnamon is endangered in Florida.
Zanthoxylum fagara Native
Height: 15-25 ft.
Spread: 15-20 ft.
Partial Shade
Pest Resistant
High Drought Tolerant
Unknown Salt Tolerant
Stems have sharp spines,
do not use where people
Wild Lime is a small tree native to south Florida and the
Caribbean Basin. It grows as an understory tree in the
coastal upland plant communities on the lee side of the
dunes in south Florida. Although tolerance to shade allows
wild lime to germinate and grow successfully as an
understory tree, it adapts well to the full sun. Plants grown
in the full sun are full, nearly symmetrical and make nice
multi-trunked small patio trees. They can also be planted in
a container or other area with limited soil space due to the
small size of the mature plant, but use care where placing,
stems contains sharp spines that can cause severe pain when
they contact flesh.
Cassia bicapsularis
Height: 8-12 ft.
Spread: 8-10 ft.
Full Sun - Partial Sun
Moderate Drought
Moderate Salt Tolerant
Semi-evergreen Tree
Known as the Butterfly
This sprawling, semi-evergreen shrub, reaching a height of 8
to 10 feet with an equal spread, produces blossoms in fall
that resemble golden butterflies. Bright yellow flowers
appear at a time of year when little else is in bloom. This
plant is good in any sunny landscape. There is concern
about this plant being invasive. Tolerant of many soil
conditions, Winter Cassia needs full sun for best growth and
flowering, and needs little care once established. Plant it and
forget about it, except for occasional watering during
Punta Gorda is in USDA
Plant Hardiness Zone
10a. Due to the
micro-climates created
by proximity to Charlotte Harbor, other water
bodies, buildings, and
other site specific
conditions, plants rated
for 10b may perform well
in this area.
Gulf of
Population growth and the
tourism industry have increased
the frequency of human-alligator
interactions in Florida. You can
prevent unpleasant encounters by
following these Alligator Safety
Leave alligators alone.
Alligators are shy animals
that usually avoid human
Pay attention. Keep an eye
on your surroundings near
fresh or brackish waters.
Avoid vegetation-filled areas
of rivers, lakes, and other
bodies of water.
Do not feed alligators. Feeding alligators is illegal. Alligators that
are fed will come to associate humans with food and will lose their
natural fear.
Throw fish scraps into trash cans. Do not discard fish scraps in
the water at fish camps or boat ramps—you will unintentionally feed
Follow directions on signs. Do not swim outside of posted
swimming areas.
Swim during daylight hours only. Alligators are most active at
Stay with children. Never allow small children to play unattended
near water.
Keep an eye on your pets. Dogs are in more danger from alligators
than humans, because they resemble the reptiles' natural prey. Do
not let your dog swim in waters where you know alligators live.
Remember that in Florida, it is illegal to kill or harass alligators;
alligators may only be harvested under special licenses and permits
issued by the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission.
If you have a nuisance alligator in your area, contact the FWC office
or call 866-FWC-GATOR (866-392-4286). Please be aware, nuisance
alligators are killed, not relocated.
List of Sources include: Lee County Fact Sheets; ;
TEAM Punta Gorda
252 W. Marion Avenue
Punta Gorda, FL 33950
City of Punta Gorda
Growth Management Department
326 W Marion Avenue
Punta Gorda, FL 33950
Charlotte Co. UF/IFAS
Extension Service
25550 Harbor View Road, Suite 3
Port Charlotte, FL 33980
[email protected]

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