Instruction manual 20th Livestock Census-2017

Document technical information

Format pdf
Size 3.0 MB
First found Jul 19, 2016

Document content analisys

Category Also themed
Language
English
Type
not defined
Concepts
no text concepts found

Transcript

Instruction manual
20th Livestock Census-2017
Government of India
Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare
Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying & Fisheries
(Animal Husbandry Statistics Division)
Instruction manual
1
20th Livestock Census-2017
Instruction manual
20th Livestock Census-2017
Contents
Chapter - I ................................................................................................................................ 7
Introduction ............................................................................................................................. 7
Chapter-II ............................................................................................................................... 10
General Information ............................................................................................................. 10
Chapter-III .............................................................................................................................. 14
Important concepts and definitions ................................................................................... 14
3.1 Geographical coverage ............................................................................................... 14
3.2 Building ........................................................................................................................ 15
3.3 House ............................................................................................................................ 15
3.4 Household .................................................................................................................... 15
3.5 Rural and Urban Areas ............................................................................................... 15
3.6 Village/Ward ............................................................................................................... 16
3.7 Enterprise...................................................................................................................... 16
3.8 Household enterprise ................................................................................................. 16
3.9 Non-household enterprise ......................................................................................... 17
3.10 Institution ................................................................................................................ 17
3.11 Indigenous Animals .................................................................................................. 17
3.12 Exotic Animals ........................................................................................................... 17
3.13 Crossbred Animals .................................................................................................... 17
3.13.1 Other exotic crossbred Animals ....................................................................... 17
3.14 Graded Animals ........................................................................................................ 17
3.15 Animals in milk ......................................................................................................... 18
3.16 Dry Animals ............................................................................................................... 18
3.17 Other Animals............................................................................................................ 18
3.18 Non-descript breeds .................................................................................................. 18
3.19 „Desi‟ and „improved‟ poultry birds ....................................................................... 18
3.20 Slaughter house ......................................................................................................... 18
3.21 Meat/Butcher Shop ................................................................................................... 19
2
Instruction manual
20th Livestock Census-2017
3.22 Meat Processing ......................................................................................................... 19
3.23 Meat Processing Plant ............................................................................................... 19
3.24 Poultry Farms............................................................................................................. 19
3.25 Equipment .................................................................................................................. 19
3.26 Migratory pastoral groups ....................................................................................... 20
3.27 Other terms and definitions ..................................................................................... 20
3.27.1 Head of the household ....................................................................................... 20
3.27.2 Educational level of head of household .......................................................... 20
3.27.3 Occupation of the head of household .............................................................. 20
3.27.4 Agriculture holding (in hectare) ....................................................................... 20
3.27.5 Household Annual Income from all sources .................................................. 20
3.27.6 Availing of Institutional and Financial Support ............................................ 20
3.27.7 Stray Cattle and Stray Dogs .............................................................................. 21
Chapter –IV ............................................................................................................................ 22
Schedule-I: House list of households, enterprises and institutions ............................... 22
4.0 Schedule-I. List of households/enterprises/institutions ...................................... 22
4.1 Block [1] Identification particulars of Village/Urban Ward ................................. 22
4.2 Block [2] List of households, enterprises and institutions ..................................... 23
4.3 Other instructions related to Block [2] ..................................................................... 26
4.4 Block [3.1] and Block [3.2] .......................................................................................... 27
4.5 Block [4] Particular of field officials along with signature .................................... 29
Chapter-V ............................................................................................................................... 30
Schedule-III A & III B Household/Non-Household Schedule ...................................... 30
5.1 Schedule-III .................................................................................................................. 30
5.2 Part-I of Schedule-III A & III B for recording the Number of Animals in various
Livestock and other species ............................................................................................. 31
5.3 Part-I Columns (1) to (8) ............................................................................................. 31
5.4 Part-I Columns (9) onwards -Livestock ................................................................... 35
Cattle ................................................................................................................................... 35
3
Instruction manual
20th Livestock Census-2017
Exotic Cattle: Jersey (Pure)- Columns (9) to (22) ..................................................... 36
Jersey Crossbred: Columns (23) to (36): ..................................................................... 37
Holstein Friesian (Pure): Columns (37) to (50) ......................................................... 37
Holstein Friesian Crossbred: Columns (51) to (64) ................................................... 38
Other Exotic Crossbred: Columns (65) to (78) ........................................................... 38
Pure Indigenous Cattle: Columns (79-92, 107-120, 135-148, 163-176, 191-204, &
219-232)............................................................................................................................ 39
Indigenous Cattle (Graded): Columns (93-106, 121-134, 149-162, 177-190, 205-218,
233-246)............................................................................................................................ 40
Indigenous Cattle Non-descript: Columns (247-260) ............................................... 41
Buffaloes: ............................................................................................................................ 42
Pure breed Buffaloes: Columns (3-16) ........................................................................ 42
Graded Buffaloes: Columns (17-30) ............................................................................ 43
Non-descript Buffaloes: Columns (143) to (156) ....................................................... 44
Mithun (Code 3) & Yak (Code 4) .................................................................................... 45
Mithuns: Columns (3-9) ................................................................................................ 45
Yak: Columns (10-16) .................................................................................................... 46
Sheep (code 05) .................................................................................................................. 46
Exotic Sheep: Columns (3-23) ...................................................................................... 47
Crossbred Sheep: Columns (24-30) ............................................................................. 48
Indigenous Sheep: Columns (31-37) ........................................................................... 48
Indigenous Graded Sheep: Columns (38-44) ............................................................. 49
Indigenous Non-Descript Sheep: Columns (101-107) .............................................. 49
Goats (code 06)................................................................................................................... 50
Pure Goats: Columns (3-11) ......................................................................................... 50
Graded Goats: Columns (12-20) .................................................................................. 51
Non-descript Goats: Columns (93-101) ...................................................................... 52
Horses (Code 07) ............................................................................................................... 52
Horses: Columns (3-11) ................................................................................................. 53
Non-descript Horse: Columns (39-47) ........................................................................ 53
Ponies (Code 08) ................................................................................................................ 54
4
Instruction manual
20th Livestock Census-2017
Pony: Columns (3-11) .................................................................................................... 54
Pony Non-descript: Columns (39) to (47)................................................................... 55
Mules (Code 09) ................................................................................................................. 55
Mules: Columns (49-51) ................................................................................................ 56
Donkeys (Code 10) ............................................................................................................ 56
Spiti Donkeys (Breed Code 010): Columns (3-9) ....................................................... 56
Non-Descript (Breed Code 099): Columns (10-16).................................................... 57
Camels (Code 11) ............................................................................................................... 58
Camels: Columns (3) to (9) ........................................................................................... 58
Non-descript Camels: Columns (38-44) ..................................................................... 59
Pigs (Code 12) .................................................................................................................... 59
Exotic Pigs: Columns (3-9)............................................................................................ 60
Crossbred Pigs: Columns (31-37) ................................................................................ 60
Pigs Indigenous: Columns (38-51) .............................................................................. 61
Non-Descript Pigs: Columns (52-58) .......................................................................... 61
5.5 Other than Livestock ................................................................................................... 62
Dogs (Code 13)................................................................................................................... 62
Rabbits (Code 14)............................................................................................................... 62
Elephants (Code 15) .......................................................................................................... 63
5.6 Part-II - Poultry ............................................................................................................ 63
Schedule-IIIA (Backyard Poultry) ............................................................................... 63
Fowls [Columns (4-24)]: ................................................................................................ 63
Ducks [Columns (25-28)] .............................................................................................. 64
Turkeys [Columns (29-31)] ........................................................................................... 65
Other poultry birds: Columns (32-37) ........................................................................ 65
Schedule-IIIB: Non-Household Enterprises/Institutions ........................................ 65
Instructions for Schedule-III B ..................................................................................... 65
5.7 Part-III - No. of Equipment used in Livestock Sector ............................................ 66
Number of Mechanised Equipment: Columns (1-7) ................................................ 66
5
Instruction manual
20th Livestock Census-2017
Chapter-VI.............................................................................................................................. 68
Fisheries Statistics ................................................................................................................. 68
Schedule-IVA & Schedule–IV B: Fisheries Statistics ................................................... 68
6
Instruction manual
20th Livestock Census-2017
Chapter - I
Introduction
1.
Background
1.1
Livestock rearing is one of the most important economic activities in the rural
areas of the country contributing significantly to the national economy. It provides
supplementary income to most of the
family dependent on agriculture and
for many landless families, the income generated through the livestock
rearing activities has been the mainstay. It has been found that the families with holding size less than 4 hectare own around 88% of the livestock.
Within this, about 37% of the livestock is owned by the families with land holding
size less than a hectare. Apart from providing a subsidiary income to the families,
livestock is also a source of protein in the form of milk, eggs and meat. Fishing is also
another important activity that contributes immense potential in income generation.
The current census covers collection of Fishery related information also.
1.2
Government is continuously trying for bringing further improvements and
developing this Sector in the country as an industry. Various schemes have been initiated aimed at increasing the availability of genetically improved livestock and
poultry, control of diseases, assisting and encouraging the farmers to go for genetically up-graded animals and assured protection against loss of such animals
through an established mechanism.
1.3
For proper planning and formulation of any programme meant for bringing
further improvement in this sector and its effective implementation and monitoring
7
Instruction manual
20th Livestock Census-2017
their impact, data are required at every possible administrative and geographic level.
The Livestock Census conducted quinquennially is the main source of such data in
the country. The livestock census in the country started in the year 1919-1920. Since
then it has been conducted once in every 5 years. So far 19 Livestock Censuses had
been conducted and the last census was held in the year 2012.
The 20th Livestock
Census-2017 is scheduled to be conducted from16th July 2017 and will end
on 15th October, 2017. This census will be conducted for breed-wise number of
animals and poultry (fowls) with their age and sex composition for various species
across the country.
The Schedules to be canvassed in this survey is given at Annexure-I. A brief
description of schedules is given below:
1.3.1 Schedule-I. House list schedule: The Schedule-I will be canvassed for recording the list of households, Household Enterprises and Non household Enterprises engaged both under livestock and poultry rearing as well as Fishery related activities existing in the area under enumeration.
1.3.2 Schedule-I should cover all entities of the villages/wards irrespective of the
fact that those entities are related to livestock or poultry or fishery sectors,
1.3.3 Schedule-III: This is the main schedule for collecting data on Breeds of various livestock and poultry which has to be canvassed in every Household/ Household enterprises and Non-household enterprises / Institution having livestock and
poultry. Information on number of livestock, Breed-wise in respect of various species
will be recorded by their age, sex, utility etc. separately for (i) households and
household enterprises (ii) non-household enterprises and institutions. The schedule
is divided into two parts:
8
Instruction manual

20th Livestock Census-2017
Schedule-III A: Household/Household enterprises
The Household/Household enterprises schedule is for recording data of those livestock farmers who are either individually or by group rear the livestock and poultry
Without hiring any worker. See definition in Chapter III.

Schedule-III B: Non-Household enterprises/Institution
The
Non-household
enterprises/Institution
schedule is for recording data of livestock and
poultry owned or reared by farms including educational institutions, temples, mosque etc.. See
definition in Chapter III.
1.3.4 Schedule-IV: This schedule is designed to capture data on Fishery related information. This has to be canvassed in every Household/ Household enterprises and
Non-household enterprises / Institution pursuing fisheries activities. Information on
fishing activities including net and vessels owned will be recorded separately for (i)
households and household enterprises (ii) non-household enterprises and institutions. The schedule is divided into two parts:

Schedule-IV A: Household/Household enterprises: The information on Socio economic characteristics and craft gears owned by the Household and
Household enterprises pursuing fisheries creativities are recorded in schedule-IV A.

Schedule-IV B Non-Household enterprises/Institution: The social characteristics of the owner/manager of the Non-household enterprises or the institution is recovered is the schedule-IV B. The Non house hold enterprises for institution should have at least one hired worker. The craft and gears owned
and used by such entities will be recorded in schedule-IVB.
9
Instruction manual
20th Livestock Census-2017
Chapter-II
General Information
2.1 The data collected through Livestock Census will
be utilized for identifying total no. of animals in a
particular breed by their age, sex and utility so as to
enable
the
Department
to
formulate
various
schemes/programmes for various breeds.The enumeration has to be done by technical staff including
veterinary practitioners/Para-veterinarians/veterinary graduates/Interns either in
job or retired.The duty of Enumerator/Supervisor is of great national importance.
They play most crucial role in maintaining the timelines in collection as well as quality of data. Enumerators/Supervisors have to fulfil their responsibilities with a sense
of pride and devotion.
2.2
The Enumerators are required to organize the work in the following manner:
The State Government should prepare the
instruction manual in local vernacular language to all enumerators with coloured
photos of the existing breeds in their state
and their identifications particulars. Enumerator / Supervisor should read the instruction manual given at the time of training thoroughly and fully understand them.
The enumeration has to be carried out through veterinary
practitioners/para-veterinarians/veterinary graduates/Interns
but not to be carried out with the assistance of personnel
other than veterinary science disciple either in service or engaged on contractual basis.
10
Instruction manual
20th Livestock Census-2017
Enumerator/Supervisor should be well conversant with the local conditions and the
work required. They must develop a cordial
relation with the inhabitants of the area by
meeting the imminent personalities such as
Gram Pradhan, Panchayat Members, Government Officials, Religious /Community
Leaders etc. The Enumerators/Supervisors
should take them in confidence while carrying out the survey work.
The enumerator should fill up the breedwise information only in respect of those
breeds which are existing in their state
and registered breed as per NBAGR. They
should have a clear idea on breed identification as well as recognizing the graded
breeds of a particular pure breed. The
breed-wise data of poultry should be recorded only for desi fowls.
The enumerator should NOT record any information regarding their local breeds which
does not match with the existing breeds and
breed codes in their state and registered
breed as per NBAGR. Local breeds, if any,
available in the State should be recorded
against non-descript of the respective species.
11
Instruction manual
2.3
20th Livestock Census-2017
The enumerators should keep the following in mind while doing the survey
work:
The Enumerators must develop a cordial relation with
the
inhabitants
of
the
area.
The
Enumera-
tors/Supervisors should take them in confidence while
carrying out the survey work. The information collected
in the Census will be used only for statistical purposes.
The enumerators should maintain confidentiality of all
information collected and shall not reveal it to anyone
either for official or non-official purposes. Violation of
confidentiality of the individual information is liable to
disciplinary action.
The enumerators should be vigilant and should collect
information from every Household/ Household enterprises and Non-household enterprises/Institution on
Breeds of various livestock species, poultry birds and
fisheries activities which has to be canvassed in
schedule-III & IV.
The enumerators should Keep all records properly and
arrange them in sequence of house listing.
The Schedules should be kept safe, wrinkle free.
12
Instruction manual
2.4
20th Livestock Census-2017
After the enumeration work of the allotted
village/wards is over, the Enumerator has to
write period of enumeration, her/his name and
put her/his signature at the space provided in the
bottom of the Schedule-I. If the Supervisor visits at any time during enumeration and
supervises the work of enumeration, she/he should also write her/his name and put
her/his signature along with the date of visit.
13
Instruction manual
20th Livestock Census-2017
Chapter-III
Important concepts and definitions
3.1 Geographical coverage: The census will be conducted in all the districts of the Indian Union. The enumeration will be done in 100% per cent villages and wards.
The census will also be conducted in all Defense establishments, para-military forces and state police establishments having various livestock species, poultry
birds and fisheries activities.Various species of animals
such as Cattle, Buffaloes, Mithun, Yak, Sheep, Goat, Pig,
Horse, Pony, Mule, Donkey Camel, Pig, Dog, Rabbit and Elephant, poultry birds like
Fowl, Duck, Turkeys and others such as Emu, Quails , Gini Fowl, Ostrich and Geese
possessed by the households, enterprises and institutions will be counted at their
site.
In case of livestock, the headcount of animals will be done according to their breeds
as per breed list available with them as per the Annexure-II. The identification of
breed is done by the enumerators using the phenotypic characteristics of each
breed. For poultry, Desi breed of fowl as registered breed by NBAGR will be counted for their respective breed. For all other poultry birds mentioned above, the head
counts of poultry birds will be carried out.
For
identification
of
migratory
pastoral
group
States/UTs may refer to Annexure-III for respective
States/UTs. The migratory pastoral groups will be surveyed at their point of contact provided their place of
origin is not known.
14
Instruction manual
20th Livestock Census-2017
The definition of different entities and terms used in the survey are discussed below.
3.2 Building: A building is generally a single structure on the ground. Sometimes it
is made up of more than one component unit which is used or likely to be used as
dwellings (residence) or establishments such as shops, business houses, offices, factories, work sheds, schools, places of entertainment, places of worship, godowns,
stores, etc. It is also possible that buildings which have composite units may be used
for a combination of purposes such as shop-cum-residence, workshop-cumresidence, office-cum-residence etc.
3.3 House: A house is a building or part of a building having a specific main entrance
from the road or common courtyard or staircase, etc. used or recognized as a separate unit. It may be occupied or vacant. It may be used for a residential or nonresidential purpose or both. If a building has a number of flats or blocks which are
independent of one another having separate entrances of their own from the road or
a main gate, they will be considered as separate house.
3.4 Household: A group of persons normally living together and
taking food from a common kitchen will constitute a household.
Head of household will be that member of the household who is
accepted generally as the head of the household by the members
of the family. He/she may or may not be the major earning member. It should be
left to the members of a household to decide upon whom they consider to the
head of the household.
3.5 Rural and Urban Areas: An urban area, according to the Census definition, consists of:
1) Statutory towns: All places with a municipality, corporation, Cantonment Board
or notified town area committee, etc. so declared by state law.
2) Census towns: Places which satisfy following criteria are declared as town:a) A minimum population of 5000;
15
Instruction manual
20th Livestock Census-2017
b) At least 75 percent of male working population engaged in nonagricultural pursuits; and
c) A density of population of at least 400 persons per sq km.
In addition to it, some areas falling in the vicinity of city or town are also considered as urban area if they are treated as the out growths (OGs) of the main urban
unit.
Rural Areas: All areas not covered under statutory towns and Census towns
will be considered as Rural Areas for the survey.
3.6 Village/Ward: In the rural areas the smallest area of habitation, viz., the Village/Ward generally follows the limits of a revenue Village/Ward that is recognized
by the normal district administration. The revenue Village/Ward need not necessarily be a single agglomeration of the habitations. But the revenue Village/Ward has a
definite surveyed boundary and each Village/Ward is a separate administrative unit
with separate Village/Ward accounts. It may have one or more hamlets. The entire
revenue Village/Ward is one unit. There may be un-surveyed Village/Wards within
forests etc., where the locally recognized boundaries of each inhabited areas are followed within the larger unit of the forest range officer‟s jurisdiction.
3.7
Enterprise:
An
enterprise
is
an
undertaking which is engaged in production
and or distribution of some goods and or services meant mainly for the purpose of sale.
3.8 Household enterprise: A household
enterprise is one which is run by one or more
members of a household or run jointly by two
or more households on partnership basis irrespective of whether the enterprise isolated in the premises of the household or not.
16
Instruction manual
3.9
20th Livestock Census-2017
Non-household
enterprise:
A
non-
household enterprises is one which is institutional i.e. owned and run by the public sector
(Central or State Government, local bodies, government undertakings, etc.), private corporate
sector (include public and private limited companies registered as joint stock companies under the Companies Act 1956), Cooperative societies, other type of societies, institutions, associations, trusts, etc.
3.10
Institution: Temple, Mosque, Church
and Gurudwara, Agriculture Universities,
veterinary colleges, Dharamsala, etc. will be
covered under Institution.
3.11 Indigenous Animals: Animals which are indigenous in origin and belongs to
both registered breeds and other native non-descript category.
3.12 Exotic Animals: Animals which originated in other countries / foreign origin
are described as exotic animals. The most important exotic dairy cattle breeds in India are Jersey and Holstein Friesian (HF).
3.13 Crossbred Animals: Animals which are born by crossing indigenous animals
with exotic breeds or indigenous animals which have retained exotic inheritance are
described as crossbred animals.
3.13.1 Other exotic crossbred Animals: Animals which are born by crossing indigenous animals with exotic breeds other than Jersey and Holstein Friesian (HF), or indigenous animals which have retained inheritance of exotic animals other than Jersey and Holstein Friesian (HF) are classified as other exotic crossbred animals.
3.14 Graded Animals: Animals which are born by crossing Indigenous registered
pure breed with non-descript/ desi animals will have genetic preponderance (majority) of the hereditary material of a single purebred but not eligible to be classified as
17
Instruction manual
20th Livestock Census-2017
pure Indigenous breed are described as graded animals. i.e. Offspring born as a result of upgrading program / introduction of improver breed in an area.
Example: When animal of Indigenous registered pure breeds (Murrah, Sahiwal, Gir
etc.) are crossed with non-descript/desi animals, the progeny born will be classified
as their respective grades. (Graded Murrah, Graded Sahiwal, Graded Gir etc.)
3.15 Animals in milk: Animals in milk production currently are described as animals
in milk.
3.16 Dry Animals: Animals which have calved at least once but at present not in
production, are described as dry animals. Animals that cannot be calved in future are
not covered under this category.
3.17 Other Animals: Female animals that cannot be calved in future or male cattle
that cannot be used for future and outlived their active lives are covered under this
category.
3.18
Non-descript breeds: The Non-descript breeds are those indigenous breeds
which cannot be classified as a particular recognized breed or DO NOT HAVE
MORE THAN 50% SIMILARITIES of any recognized breed.
3.19 ‘Desi’ and ‘improved’ poultry birds:
If a
hen/duck lays more than 100 eggs in a year then it
is categorized as „improved‟ hen/duck or else it is
categorized as „desi‟. If a cock/ chicken/ drake/
duckling fall into the flock of an „improved‟
fowl/duck then it is termed as an „improved‟
cock/ chicken/ drake/ duckling or else it is „desi‟.
3.20 Slaughter house: A slaughter house is a venture wherein 10 or more than 10
animals are slaughtered per day and is duly licensed or recognized under a Central,
State or Provincial Act or any rules or regulations made there under.
18
Instruction manual
20th Livestock Census-2017
3.21 Meat/Butcher Shop: A shop where less than 10 animals/poultry birds are
slaughtered, dress their flesh, sell their meat or any combination of these three tasks
are termed as Meat/Butcher Shop. Some Meat/Butcher Shop sell their dressed meats
in specialized stores, commonly termed as Meat/Butcher Shop.
3.22 Meat Processing: Preparation of meat for human consumption.
3.23 Meat Processing Plant: A licensed manufacturer/processing industries/units
process raw meat for future human consumption by preserving and packaging. For
census purposes these entities should be listed while house listing is done in schedule-I within the revenue boundary of the village/urban ward.
3.24 Poultry Farms: All registered Farms having more than
1000 birds will be considered as Poultry Farms. Farms having more than 20 birds and have only Emu/Ostrich birds
will be considered as Emu/Ostrich farm. However, all government enterprises having poultry are also considered as
poultry farms irrespective of the number of birds in them.
3.25 Equipment: Following mechanised equipment used in livestock sector are
considered for Livestock Census:
19
Instruction manual
20th Livestock Census-2017
3.26 Migratory pastoral groups
Migratory pastoral group are nomad who move
along and rear their animals in places other than
their place of origin. They either as an individual
or a group travel across the regions along with
their Livestock for their livelihood. The animals belong to these special category is to
be counted at the point of contact with the group provided their original/usual place
of residence is not known.
3.27 Other terms and definitions
3.27.1 Head of the household: Head of the household is one of the members of the
household who either is the main income earner of the family or otherwise. The head
household shall be determined by the household members.
3.27.2 Educational level of head of household: The highest educational attainment
of the head of household through an institution including schools, colleges, universities etc.
3.27.3 Occupation of the head of household: The main source of livelihood under
major time criteria of the head of the household/ house hold members through
which a regular earnings are made by the household for their livelihood.
3.27.4 Agriculture holding (in hectare): Agriculture holding is the area of the agriculture land possessed by the
head of the household as on the date of census.
3.27.5 Household Annual Income from all sources: The annual income of the
household/household members from all the sources.
3.27.6 Availing of Institutional and Financial Support: The head of the household/household members avail any benefits through various welfare schemes of the
government for rearing of livestock, poultry or fisheries. For example: Subsidies,
loans, financial assistant, insurance etc.
20
Instruction manual
20th Livestock Census-2017
3.27.7 Stray Cattle and Stray Dogs: The cattle
/dogs that do
not
have
any
owner
and
strayed across the road or other public places
that usually move or wander without any proper destination or having no shelter. It may be
noted that the cattle which are own by temples,
Goushalas or other institutions as per definition should not counted as stray cattle.
21
Instruction manual
20th Livestock Census-2017
Chapter –IV
Schedule-I: House list of households, enterprises and institutions
4.0
Schedule-I. List of households/enterprises/institutions
The Schedule-I will be canvassed for recording the list of households, Household Enterprises and Non Household-Enterprises existing in each selected village/urban
ward. The enumerators are required to prepare a complete list of the households in
Schedule-I in respect of every Villages/Urban
wards with the location of their residence for canvassing the Schedule-III in respect to every Household Enterprises and Non Household-Enterprises.
This schedule will also be filled up by visiting every building and the household residing therein.
Filling up of this schedule will ensure coverage of
all households residing in the Village/Urban ward.
The various columns of the Schedule-I and procedures for filling up them are described below:
4.1 Block [1] Identification particulars of Village/Urban Ward (Codes as developed
by the ORGI)
Block [1] Identification particulars of Village/Urban Ward (Codes as developed by the ORGI)
1. State Name……………………………………
State Code
2. District Name………………………………….
District Code
3. Name of Tehsil/Taluk/Block/Mandal etc. ……………………………. Code
(strike off whichever is not applicable)
4. Name of Village …………………………………………
Code
5. Name of Urban Town …………………………………………….
Code
6. Name of Urban Ward …………………………………………….
Code
7. Total number of households in the village as per 2011 Population Census………………………………..
[ Note: For rural schedule the items 5 and 6 Should be left blank]
22
Instruction manual
20th Livestock Census-2017
 This block contains 7 items. The codes are to be written carefully as per the codes
provided by ORGI in case of villages/tehsil/sub-district/district/state. The items
No 5.andNo. 6 should be left blank while collecting the information of rural area
and item no. 4 should be left blank while collecting the information for urban area.
 The name and code of the respective administrative level. The codes which are
developed by ORGI may be used for filling up of the items. In certain cases such
as Urban Ward, the codes may not be directly available under ORGI.
 Name of Urban Ward & Code. In
Town Code +
the case of urban wards, the codes
8
0
0
0
4
9
Urban Ward Code
0
0
1
may be created in such a way that the town code may be extended to sufficient
number so as to cover all urban Ward codes. Here, the maximum number of digits or length of urban ward code is open and not restricted. It may be kept in mind
that there shouldn’t be any repetition in the urban ward codes. In case of Metropolitan
cities where district has been created out of the city, the code should include town
code followed by district and sub-district code succeeded by the ward code.
 For Item No 7, the total population of the village/urban ward to be recorded
based on census record.
4.2 Block [2] List of households, enterprises and institutions
Sl.
No.
House Num- Sl. No. Name of Having
Serial No. for having
ber with
of HH/
the
any type
any type of livename of
HH
Head of
of
stock/poultry
hamENT
HH livestock
let/street/
/name of and/or
HouseNonmohalla
ENT
poultry hold/HH Household
/INST (put √)
ENT
ENT/INST
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
22
18
0
HH: Household, ENT: Enterprise, INST: Institution
7
23
EnSerial No. for having fisheries
gaged
related activities
in fisheries
related
HouseNon- Household
activihold/
ENT/INST
ties
HH ENT
(Put √)
8
9
10
Instruction manual
20th Livestock Census-2017
The columns as explained below:
Column (1): Serial No: The serial No. of
the household
Column (2): House Number with name of
hamlet/street/ mohalla: All houses including vacant one shall be listed. The 2011
Population Census house number or the number given by the local panchayat, municipality or other local bodies, may be used, if available. However, for the houses
without such numbers, a uniform procedure has to be adopted for numbering them.
They will be given a separate running serial number starting from 1 within brackets.
Whenever house numbers are available, even if not for all the houses, the actual
house numbers shall be recorded without any brackets.
Column (3): Sl. No. of HH/ HH ENT: The serial number of Households and household enterprises only shall be reported here. No running serial no. should be given
to Non-household enterprise/Institutions inadvertently in this column. The number with respect to Non-household Enterprises/institutions should be filled up as
per the following instruction.
 In
the case of a non-residential house or Non-household Enterpris-
es/institutions, it will be mentioned in column (4) whether it is, Dairy Farm,
Sheep Farm, Goat Farm, Pig Farm, Goushala, Poultry Farm, Poultry Hatchery,
Meat/Butcher Shop, Slaughter House, Meat Processing Plant, Agriculture University, Veterinary College, temple, Dharamshala, Office building, NonAgricultural Enterprise(NAE), panchayatghar, etc.
Column (4): Name of the Head of HH /name of ENT /INST: Name of the head of
the household in case of household and name of the
enterprises in case of household enterprises/ institutions shall be recorded. All household, household en-
24
Instruction manual
20th Livestock Census-2017
terprises and institutions pursuing livestock, poultry or fisheries activities should be
recorded in this column.
Column
(5):
tor has to put
Having any type of livestock and/or poultry: The enumera√
mark against each entity recorded in column (4) having live-
stock or poultry or both.
Column (6) and Column (7): The running serial number may be given against each
√
mark of column (5) for having any type of livestock/poultry in column (6) for
Household/ household enterprises and in column (7) for Non- Household enterprises/ Institutions.
Column (8)-Engaged in fisheries related activities:
If the household/Household enterprises/ NonHousehold enterprises/Institutions recorded in column (4) are engaged in Fishery related activities, the
enumerator has to put
√
mark in column (8).
Column (9) and Column (10): Running serial number shall be given in these columns, Column (9) and Column (10) against each √ mark in column (8) engaged for
having fisheries related activities a running serial number in column (9) for Household/ household enterprises and in column (10) for Non-Household enterprises/ Institutions shall be given.
On completion of relevant information in Col.6 and/or Col.9 of block 2, enumerator
will proceed to Schedule-III A/IV A and relevant entries in Col.7 and/or Col.10 of
Block 2, enumerator will proceed to Schedule-III B/IV B respectively for corresponding entries of breed-wise livestock species or poultry birds and fisheries related information in these schedules. After completion of all relevant entries in SchedulesIII A/IV A or III B/IV B as the case may be for household, household enterprises or
non-household enterprises, enumerator will revert back to
Schedule-I, Block-2
for further entries of household, household enterprises or non-household enterprises.
25
Instruction manual
20th Livestock Census-2017
In order to ensure complete listing of houses/households, it is better
to follow some definite order for listing. The order followed in 2011
Population Census is to be adopted, wherever possible, taking care that
any house that has come up later is not omitted. Otherwise, listing may
be done in serpentine order starting from the North East corner and moving southwards. For further illustration please see the following diagram.
Block [2] List of households, enterprises and institution
Sl. No.
Sl. No.
1
House Number with name of
hamlet/street/ mohalla
2
of HH/ HH
ENT
Name of the Head of HH
/name of ENT /INST
3
Having Serial No. for having Engaged Serial No. for having
any type of
fisheries related
any type of
in
livestock/poultry
activities
livestock
fisheries
and/or
related
NonNonpoultry Household Household activities Household Household
(put √) /HH ENT ENT/INST (Put √) / HH ENT ENT/INST
4
5
6

1
2
7
8
9
10
Rampura
1
2
Household
3
NHHE/INST
4
5
Household Enterprises
6
7
no House number8
9
10
11
12
13
4.3
123/Rampura/gali No.1
124/Rampura/gali No.1
125/Rampura/gali No.1
128/Rampura/gali No.1
129/Rampura/gali No.1
(1) /Rampura/gali No.2
34/Rampura/gali No.2
456/Rampura/gali No.2
127/Rampura/gali No.3
Fisher y
429/Rampura/gali No.3
1
Shaymlal
2
Raj Bahadur
3
Sitadevi

Clover Valley Poultry Farm

1
Shiv Temple
4
Ramesh Enterprises
5
Musafir Ali
6
Manjeet Singh
7
Gibby Dannision
7
Veterinary Colloge
8
Tuna Farm

3

4

2

1
Vacant
9
Kiran General Store
Other instructions related to Block [2]
 Each house should be numbered. When the
house is vacant or non-residential, a dash (-) will
be entered in column (2).
 In the case of a non-residential house, it will be mentioned in column (4) whether it is, Dairy Farm, Sheep Farm, Goat Farm, Pig Farm, Goushala, Poultry Farm,
Poultry Hatchery, Meat/Butcher Shop, Slaughter House, Meat Processing Plant,
Agriculture University, Veterinary College, temple, Dharamshala, Office building,
Non-Agricultural Enterprise(NAE), panchayatghar, etc.
26
Instruction manual
20th Livestock Census-2017
 For such non-residential households animals will be counted while listing the enterprises. In such cases household will not be given any Serial Number in the
column (6).
 An enterprise is an undertaking which is engaged in production and or distribution of some goods and or services meant mainly for the purpose of sale. A
household enterprises is one which is run by one or more members of a household or run jointly by two or more households on partnership basis irrespective
of whether the enterprise is located in the premises of the household or not. A
non-household enterprises is one which is institutional i.e. owned and run by the
public sector (Central or State Government, local bodies, government undertakings, etc.), private corporate sector (include public and private limited companies
registered as joint stock companies under the Companies Act 1956), Co-operative
societies, other type of societies, institutions, associations, trusts, etc.
 Provision of at least 300 rows shall be made for listing all Households/Household Enterprises, in the village/Urban Ward. Additional sheet, if
required may be appended by properly punching and tagging the additional
sheets.
In case of Non household enterprises/ institution, provision for 25 rows may be
made in rural and 250 rows in urban areas for Schedule-III B/IV B.
4.4 Block [3.1] and Block [3.2]
Block 3.1 refers to stray cattle and stray dogs. The enumerator shall fill-up the column on total stray cattle as per the definition under Chapter-3.
27
Instruction manual
20th Livestock Census-2017
The sources of information would be knowledgeable persons of the village/wards
such as village Pradhan, teachers etc.
Block 3.2
(i)
(ii)
(iii)
Slaughter house: A slaughter house is a venture duly licensed or recognized under a Central, State or Provincial Act or any rules or regulations
made there under, wherein 10 or more than 10 animals are slaughtered per
day.
Meat/Butcher Shop: A meat/butcher shop is an commercial enterprise
where animals are slaughtered, dress their flesh, sell their meat or any
combination of these three tasks,
Meat Processing Plant: A licenced manufacturer/processing industries/units used for preparation of meat (preserving and packaging) for
human consumption. These entities should be within the revenue boundary of the village/urban ward.
28
Instruction manual
20th Livestock Census-2017
 Under Block -2 of Schedule-I all entities including Registered and Unregistered Slaughter Houses shall be listed. The State Government shall
use the list of registered slaughter houses while filling up this block. Any
addition based on census may be made after cross checking. All remaining
slaughter houses as reported under block -2 shall be treated as unregistered slaughter houses.
 Number of Butcher Shops (less than 10 Animals slaughter per day) and
Meat Processing Plant shall be reported here while comparing with the entries of Block -2 Schedule–I.
The Enumerator shall record these information based on the entries under relevant
columns of Block 2 of schedule-I.
4.5 Block [4] Particular of field officials along with signature:
The enumerator and supervisor codes should be allotted
seven digit codes in a way that the first 2 digits each should
be District and Sub-District code followed by 3 digit code
is E1 E2…..etc. in case of Enumerator and S1, S2,…etc. in
case of supervisors. For scrutiny officer, the codes will be
District and Sub District code plus SO1, SO2, etc.
Date of start of Enumeration work
Date of completion of Enumeration
Enumerator code
Name of Enumerator
Signature of Enumerator
Date of Inspection
Supervisor code
Name of Supervisor
Signature of Supervisor
Date of Scrutiny
Scrutiny officer code
Name of Scrutiny officer
Signature of Scrutiny officer
Note: The Schedules should be kept in neat and wrinkle free
29
Instruction manual
20th Livestock Census-2017
Chapter-V
Schedule-III A & III B
Household/Non-Household Schedule
5.1
Schedule-III of 20th Livestock Census is the detailed schedule under which
unit level information on the number of livestock and poultry are collected from
household, household enterprises, non-household enterprises and other institutions.
This schedule is mainly divided into two major parts namely Schedule-III A and
Schedule-III B. These schedules are further sub-divided into three parts. An illustration in this regard is shown below.
Schedule III
Schedule III B
Schedule III A
Non-Households
Entrprises/
Institutions
Household Household
Enterprisees
Part-I
Part-I
Livestock
Part-II
Backyard
poultry
Livestock
Part-III
Equipment
used in
Livestok
Sectot
30
Part-II
Part-III
Commercial
Poultry
Equipment
used in
Livestok Sector
Instruction manual
5.2
20th Livestock Census-2017
Part-I of Schedule-III A & III B for recording the Number of Animals in
various Livestock and other species
Part I of the Schedule is meant to record the number of animals possessed by each
Household, Household Enterprises, NonHousehold Enterprises and other institutions. Part-I is divided into specific Species i.e. Cattle, Buffaloes, Mithun, Yak,
Occupation of the household ('1', '2', '3', '4', '5', '6', '7', '8', '9', '10'’,11’,'12', '13'’)
Agricultural Holding In Hectare('1', '2', '3', '4', '5', '6', '7', '8', '9', '10')
Sheep, Goat, Pig, Horse, Pony, Mule,
3
4
Donkey, Camel, Dog, Rabbit and Elephant
Educational Status ('1', '2', '3', '4', '5', '6', '7', '8', '9', '10')
Caste of the household ('1', '2', '3', '4')
Household's Annual Income from all sources ('1', '2', '3', '4')
Availing of Institutional Financial support (Yes-'1', No-'2' )
and further subdivided according to their
5
6
7
8
breeds considered in the Census.
The detailed description of each column of Part-I for specific species and their breeds
are given below:
Part-I Columns (1) to (8)
1
HOUSEHOLDS AND HOUSEHOLD ENTERPRISES
Name of the
head of the
household
Serial No. of household
5.3
2
Page total
The columns (1) to (8) as shown above under Part-I of Schedule-III A & III B are referred to socio-economic, agriculture and educational status of the head of the
households. The explanation of each of the column is given below:
31
Instruction manual
S.
No.
1
Name of the column
20th Livestock Census-2017
Explanation
Serial number of the It is the running serial number of the househouseholds
Col. (1):
holds/household enterprises for Schedule-III A as assigned in Col.6 of Schedule-I block 2 and nonhousehold enterprises/ institutions for Schedule-III B as
assigned in Col.(7) of Schedule-I block 2. Enumerator
shall be careful and ensure the sequence so that the last
serial number would be the total number of households
/ household enterprises for Schedule-III A and nonhousehold enterprises/ institutions for Schedule-III B
respectively.
2
Name of the head of Head of household will be that member of the housethe household
Col. (2):
hold who is accepted generally as the head of the
household by the members of the family. He/she may
or may not be the major earning member. It should be
left to the members of a household to decide upon
whom they consider to the head of the household.
3
Occupation of the Here, the enumerator has to fill up the corresponding
head of the house- codes as per the category of occupation given under the
hold.
Col. (3):
Box of Schedule-III A. In case of Schedule-III B, the columns may be left blank. The codes defined for various
type of occupation are as under:
Occupation of the household: Agriculture -1, Agricultural
Labourer-2, Cattle Rearing -3, Buffalo Rearing -4, Cattle and
Buffalo Rearing -5, Sheep and Goat Rearing -6, Poultry and
32
Instruction manual
20th Livestock Census-2017
allied activities-7, Combination of Code ‘3,4,6 & 7’-8, Agriculture entrepreneurship-9, Fisheries and allied activities-10,
Combination of Code ‘8,9& 10’-11, Other activities related to
Livestock -12, Other activities unrelated to above-13
4
Agriculture Holding
Col. (4):
Agriculture holding is the area of the agriculture land
possessed by the households on the date of census. The
categorisation of agricultural holding is given below:
Agricultural Holding In Hectare:
Code Area (ha)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
5
Educational Status
Col(5)
up to 0.00
0.00 to 0.002
0.003 to 0.99
1.00 to 1.99
2 to 3.99
4.00 – 4.99
5.00 – 7.49
7.50 – 9.99
10.00 to 19.99
20.00 and above
The enumerator shall collect the highest educational attainment of the head of household through an intuition including
schools, colleges, universities etc. and record based on the
following codes:
Educational Status:
33
Instruction manual
6
20th Livestock Census-2017
Caste of the house- The enumerator shall record the caste of the head of the
hold
household based on the information provided by the
household. Community/Caste to which the head of
Col(6)
household belongs will be indicated against this item
in terms of the specified codes which are:
Schedule Caste-1, Schedule Tribe -2, Other BackwardCaste-3, Others-4
Those who do not come under any one of the first three
social groups will be assigned code 4, meant to cover all
other categories.
7
Household's Annual The household‟s annual income from all sources shall
Income
from
all be recorded here. The codes are to be written based on
the range of the annual income of the household. The
34
Instruction manual
sources
20th Livestock Census-2017
respective codes are
Col(7)
8
Availing of Institu- The head of the household or any members availed any
tional Financial sup- benefits, subsidies, loans, financial assistance, insurance
port
Col(8)
etc. through various welfare schemes of government for
rearing of livestock, poultry or fisheries will be recorded in this column. If any financial benefit is availed by
the head of the household or any members then Yes or
else No to be reported.
5.4
Part-I Columns (9) onwards -Livestock
Cattle: There are 261 columns under this sub-part of Part-I. There are 39 indigenous
breeds and 2 exotic breeds of cattle. There
are three crossbred of exotic cattle. Under
indigenous, the graded breed of each pure
breed shall also be considered for the Census. Enumerator shall consider only those
breeds which are available in their State
and registered under NBAGR. All other local breeds shall be included under Non-descript.
35
Instruction manual
20th Livestock Census-2017
Exotic Cattle: Jersey (Pure)- Columns (9) to (22):
JERSEY (BREED CODE: 010)
Male
Female
others
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
Total (14+21)
Not calved once
14
Sub Total(15+16+17+18+19+20)
Dry
13
In milk
12
1 to 2 1/2 years
others
11
under 1yr
bullock cart/Farm Operation
10
Subtotal (9+10+11+12+13)
agriculture & breeding
9
Over 2 1/2 years
used for breeding only
Upto 1 1/2 years
Over 1 1/2 years
22
The enumerator shall fill up the columns after careful observation of each animal in
the households/household enterprises/Non-household enterprises/Institutions. The
phenotypic characteristics of the Jersey (pure) exotic breed should be thoroughly
referred to while recording the numbers in the specified columns. The age groups
considered are: Up to 1 ½ years, over 1 ½ years for males and under 1 year, 1 to 2 ½ years
and over 2 ½ years for female. The Enumerator shall fill up columns (9) to (14) based on
the age of the animal and its uses such as “used for breeding”, used for both “agriculture and breeding” and “bullock cart/farm operations” for male Animals.
The Enumerator shall fill up columns (15) to (21) based on the age of the animal and
its uses such as “in-milk”, “dry”, “not calved once” and “others” for female animals.
The Column (22) refers to total of both male and female i.e. sum of sub totals of male
(column 14) and female (column 21).
36
Instruction manual
20th Livestock Census-2017
Jersey Crossbred: Columns (23) to (36):
CROSSBRED JERSEY (BREED CODE: 011)
Male
Female
29
30
31
32
33
34
Total(28+35)
Others
28
Sub Total(29+30+31+32+33+34)
Not calved once
27
Dry
26
In milk
others
25
1 to 2 1/2 years
bullock cart/Farm Operation
24
under 1yr
agriculture & breeding
23
Sub Total (23+24+25+26+27)
used for breeding only
Over 2 1/2 years
Upto 1 1/2 years
Over 1 1/2 years
35
36
The Jersey crossbred is more common than its pure breed. The enumerator shall
identify the crossbred animals, i.e Jersey crossbred possessed by each households/household enterprises/Non-household Enterprises/Institutions. The age
groups considered are: Up to 1 ½ years, over 1 ½ years for males and under 1 year, 1 to 2
½ years and over 2 ½ years for female. As exclaimed for Jersey (pure), columns 23-36 to
be filled up for Jersey Crossbreed.
Holstein Friesian (Pure): Columns (37) to (50)
HOLSTEIN FRIESIAN (BREED CODE: 020)
Male
Female
46
47
48
49
Total (42+49)
45
Sub Total(43+44+45+46+47+48)
44
others
43
Not calved once
42
Dry
41
In milk
40
1 to 2 1/2 years
others
39
under 1yr
bullock cart/Farm Operation
38
Subtotal (37+38+39+40+41)
agriculture & breeding
37
Over 2 1/2 years
used for breeding only
Upto 1 & 1/2 years
Over 1 1/2 years
50
The enumerator shall fill up the columns after careful observation of each animal in
the households/household enterprises /Non-household enterprises/ Institutions.
37
Instruction manual
20th Livestock Census-2017
The phenotypic characteristics of the exotic Holstein Friesian (pure) should be thoroughly referred to while recording the numbers in the specified columns.
Holstein Friesian Crossbred: Columns (51) to (64)
CROSSBRED HOLSTEIN FRIESIAN (BREED CODE: 021)
Male
Female
60
61
62
63
Total (56+63)
59
Sub Total(57+58+59+60+61+62)
58
others
57
Not calved once
56
Dry
55
In milk
54
1 to 2 1/2 years
others
53
under 1yr
bullock cart/Farm Operation
52
Subtotal (51+52+53+54+55)
agriculture & breeding
51
Over 2 1/2 years
used for breeding only
Upto 1 & 1/2 years
Over 1 1/2 years
64
These are all animals which are crossbred with the Holstein Friesian and retained
Exotic inheritance. The enumerator shall record the information by referring to the
phenotypic characteristics provided and to be decided based on its variation from
the pure breed.
Other Exotic Crossbred: Columns (65) to (78)
Other Exotic Crossbred (BREED CODE: 099)
Male
Female
74
75
76
77
Total (70+77)
73
Sub Total(71+72+73+74+75+76)
72
others
71
Not calved once
70
Dry
69
In milk
68
1 to 2 1/2 years
others
67
under 1yr
bullock cart/Farm Operation
66
Subtotal (65+66+67+68+69)
agriculture & breeding
65
Over 2 1/2 years
used for breeding only
Upto 1 & 1/2 years
Over 1 1/2 years
78
Animals which are born by crossing indigenous animals with exotic breeds other
than Jersey and Holstein Friesian (HF), or indigenous animals which have retained
38
Instruction manual
20th Livestock Census-2017
inheritance of exotic animals other than Jersey and Holstein Friesian (HF) are classified as other exotic crossbred animals. The enumerator shall fill up the columns
based on a proper analysis and judgement.
Pure Indigenous Cattle: Columns (79-92, 107-120, 135-148, 163-176, 191-204, & 219232):
NAME OF BREED: ---------------- (BREED CODE:----)
Male
Female
86
87
88
89
90
91
Total (84+91)
others
85
Sub Total(85+86+87+88+89+90)
Not calved once
84
Dry
83
In milk
82
1 to 3 years
others
81
under 1yr
bullock cart/Farm Operation
80
Sub Total(79+80+81+82+83)
agriculture & breeding
79
Over 3 years
used for breeding only
Upto 2 years
Over 2 years
92
NAME OF GRADED BREED: ---------------- (BREED CODE:----)
Dry
Not calved once
others
97
In milk
others
96
1 to 3 years
bullock cart/Farm Operation
95
under 1yr
agriculture & breeding
94
Sub Total (93+94+95+96+97)
used for breeding only
Upto 2 years
93
Over 3 years
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
Total (98+105)
Female
Over 2 years
Sub Total(99+100+101+102+103+104)
Male
106
Indigenous breeds are those animals which are indigenous in origin and carries specified phenotypic characteristics. In the census,39 indigenous breeds of cattle which
are registered by NBAGR are considered for recording their pure and graded breeds
of animals. The columns (79) to (92) shall be used for recording the pure breed animals according to the age group and with its uses. The decision on pure breed
should be made very carefully by properly observing the phenotypic characteristics
39
Instruction manual
20th Livestock Census-2017
of the particular breed. The enumerator shall refer to Annexure-II for breed code,
breed description and other identification particulars. Provision has been made to fill
up information of six such breeds in Columns (79-92, 107-120, 135-148, 163-176, 191204, & 219-232) for village/urban ward to record information of pure indigenous cattle. But if there are more than six breeds in a village/urban ward, additional sheet
may be used.
Similar procedure may be followed for filling up these columns in Schedule-III B.
Indigenous Cattle (Graded): Columns (93-106, 121-134, 149-162, 177-190, 205-218,
233-246): The graded breed of indigenous cattle is common phenomena which have
to be recorded by the enumerator based on a careful examination of the given phenotypic characteristics. The breed which has 50% or more but less than 100% similarities of the given phenotypic characteristics with the pure breed shall only be considered here for categorising under graded breed. The enumerator shall refer to Annexure-II for breed code, breed description and other identification particulars.
The age groups considered for indigenous cattle are: Up to 2 years, over 2 years for
males and under 1 year, 1 to 3 years and over 3 years for female.
40
Instruction manual
20th Livestock Census-2017
Indigenous Cattle Non-descript: Columns (247-260):
NON-DESCRIPT (BREED CODE : 999)
Male
Female
others
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
Total (252+259)
Not calved once
252
Sub Total(253+254+255+256+257+258)
Dry
251
In milk
250
1 to 3 years
others
249
under 1yr
bullock cart/Farm Operation
248
Sub Total (247+248+249+250+251)
agriculture & breeding
247
Over 3 years
used for breeding only
Up to 2 years
Over 2 years
260
Non-descript animals are neither pure nor graded. The Non-descript Cattle are those indigenous Cattle which cannot be identified as a particular breed or do not have more than
50% similarities of the given phenotypic characteristics of any recognized breed.
They are most common in many parts of our country. The enumerator shall use their
knowledge for better understanding of the fact that the animals are of this type. He
may also crosscheck all the phenotypic characteristics of the breeds available in
his/her State as given in the Annexure-IV in order to arrive at a proper judgement.
Note: The enumerator shall collect age-wise as well as the uses of animals corresponding to each households/household enterprises /Non-household enterprises
/Institutions. For males the uses considered are “used for breeding”, used for both
“agriculture and breeding” and “bullock cart/farm operations”. For female, the categories are: “in-milk”, “dry”, “not calved once” and “others”.
At the end of every page the enumerator shall record the page totals of every column and
also the page total corresponding to the number of household having exotic/ crossbred
/indigenous/ Non-descript cattle. Sum of these page totals will be used for preparing the
summary schedule, Schedule-II if any of a particular village/urban ward.
41
Instruction manual
20th Livestock Census-2017
The Grand total of sub totals will be recorded in column 261.
Buffaloes: There are 157 columns under this sub-part of Part-I to record the information on 13 indigenous breeds of buffaloes.
Under indigenous, the graded breed of each
pure breed shall also be considered. Enumerator shall consider only those breeds
which are available in their State and registered under NBAGR. All other local breeds
shall be included under Non-descript.
On compilation of entries in columns, col (1) to col (261) for cattle, the enumerators should enquire for other species and accordingly entries to be made against
each species. To record particulars of other species Enumerator should write the serial no. of the household and name of the head of household only in col 1 and 2 respectively. No repetition of socio-economic characteristics of the household to be
recorded for other species of Livestock.
Pure breed Buffaloes: Columns (3-16):
NAME OF BREED: -------------- (BREED CODE:----)
Male
Female
11
12
13
14
15
Total (8+15)
10
Sub Total (9+10+11+12+13+14)
9
others
8
Not calved once
7
Dry
6
In milk
others
5
1 to 3 years
bullock cart/Farm Operation
4
under 1yr
agriculture & breeding
3
Sub Total (3+4+5+6+7)
used for breeding only
Over 3 years
Up to 2 years
Over 2 years
16
The Columns (3) to (8) refer to male buffaloes grouped into two age groups, up to 2
years and over 2 years. The Enumerator shall fill up these columns based on the age
42
Instruction manual
20th Livestock Census-2017
of the animal and its uses such as “used for breeding”, used for both “agriculture
and breeding” and “bullock cart/farm operations”.
The columns (9) to (15) refer to female buffaloes grouped into three age groups, under 1 year, 1 to 3 years and over 3 years. The Enumerator shall fill up these columns
based on the age of the animal and its uses such as “in-milk”, “dry”, “not calved
once” and “others”. The column (16) refers to total of both male and female.
Provision has been made to fill up information of 5 such Pure breed Buffaloes in
Columns (3-16, 31-44, 59-72, 87-100 & 115-128,)
Graded Buffaloes: Columns (17-30):
NAME OF GRADED BREED : -------------- (BREED CODE:----)
Male
Female
25
26
27
28
29
Total (22+29)
24
Sub Total(23+24+25+26+27+28)
23
others
22
Not calved once
21
Dry
20
In milk
others
19
1 to 3 years
bullock cart/Farm Operation
18
under 1yr
agriculture & breeding
17
Sub Total (17+18+19+20+21)
used for breeding only
Over 3 years
Up to 2 years
Over 2 years
30
The concept of graded breed is similar as was explained under cattle section. Here
the columns are to be filled up by the enumerator based on a proper judgement and
analysis of the phonotypic characteristics given under Annexure-IV. The column
(30) will give the total of both male and female graded buffaloes of a particular
breed.
Provision has been made to fill up information of five such Graded breed Buffaloes
in Columns (17-30, 45-58, 73-86, 101-114 &129-142)
43
Instruction manual
20th Livestock Census-2017
Non-descript Buffaloes: Columns (143) to (156):
NON-DESCRIPT (BREED CODE : 999)
149
150
others
148
Not calved once
147
Dry
others
146
In milk
bullock cart & breeding
145
1 to 3 years
agriculture & breeding
144
under 1yr
used for breeding only
143
Over 3 years
Sub Total (143+144+145+146+147)
Up to 2 years
Over 2 years
151
152
153
154
155
Total (148+155)
Female
Sub Total (149+150+151+152+153+154)
Male
156
Non-descript animals are neither pure nor graded. They are most common in many
parts of our country. The enumerator shall use their knowledge for better understanding of the type of the animal. He may also crosscheck all the phenotypic characteristics of Pure and Graded breed Buffaloes available in his/her State as given in the
Annexure-IV in order to arrive at a proper judgement.
The enumerator shall refer to Annexure-II for breed code, breed description and
other identification particulars.
The age groups considered for indigenous buffaloes are: Up to 2 years, over 2
years for males and under 1 year, 1 to 3 years and over 3 years for female.
At the end of every page the enumerator shall record the page totals of every column
and also the page total corresponding to the number of household having Indigenous/Non-descript buffaloes. Sum of these page totals will be used for preparing the
summary schedule, Schedule-II if any of a particular village/urban ward.
44
Instruction manual
20th Livestock Census-2017
Mithun (Code 3) & Yak (Code 4): There are 16 columns under this sub-part of Part-I.
There is no specific breed registered with
NBAGR for Mithun & Yak. Hence, all animals
should be counted against the names Mithun &
Yak.
Only serial no. and name of the head of household to be recorded against col. (1) and col.( 2)
for these species without repeating socio-economic characteristics
Mithuns: Columns (3-9):
MITHUNS (Code: 03)
Over 3 years
Sub Total (3+4)
Upto 3 years
Over 3 years
Sub Total (6+7)
Total (5+8)
Female
Upto 3 years
Male
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
The species code for Mithun is ‘03’.The Columns (3) to (5) refer to male Mithuns
grouped into two age groups, upto 3 years and over 3 years. The Enumerator shall fill
up these columns based on the age of the animal. The column (6) to (8) refers to female Mithuns of age group upto 3 years and over 3 years. Total of male and female will
be recorded at column (9).
45
Instruction manual
20th Livestock Census-2017
Yak: Columns (10-16):
The species code for Yak is „04‟.
YAK (Code: 04)
Over 3 years
Sub Total (10+11)
Upto 3 years
Over 3 years
Sub Total (13+14)
Total (12+15)
Female
Upto 3 years
Male
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
The Columns (10) to (12) refer to male Yaks of age groups, upto 3 years and over 3
years. The Enumerator shall fill up these columns based on the age of the animal. The
column (13) to (15) refer to female Yaks of age groups, upto 3 years and over 3 years.
Total of male and female will be recorded at column(16).
At the end of every page the enumerator shall record the page totals of every column
and also the page total corresponding to the number of household having mithun
and yak. Sum of these page totals will be used for preparing the summary schedule,
Schedule-II if any of a particular village/urban ward.
Sheep (code 05): There are 108 columns under this sub-part
of Part-I. There are 40 indigenous breeds and 3 exotic breeds
of Sheep. Under indigenous, the graded breed of each pure
breed shall also be considered. Enumerator shall consider
only those breeds which are available in their State and
46
Instruction manual
20th Livestock Census-2017
registered by NBAGR. All other local breeds shall be included under Non-descript.
Serial no. and name of head of household to be recorded in col (1) and col (2) as already assigned.
Exotic Sheep: Columns (3-23):
BREED NAME:----
(BREED CODE: ---)
1 year & above
Sub Total (3+4)
Up to 1 year
1 year & above
Sub Total (6+7)
Total (5+8)
Female
Up to 1 year
Male
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
There are three exotic sheep to be taken into account while filling up the Columns (3)
to (23). The three exotic breeds are rambouillet, merino and carriedale.
The enumerator shall refer to Annexure-II for breed name and breed code. The age
group considered for male and female exotic sheep is up to 1 year and over 1 year.
Provision has been made to fill up information of three exotic breeds of sheep in
Columns (3-9, 10-16 &17-23)
47
Instruction manual
20th Livestock Census-2017
Crossbred Sheep: Columns (24-30):
CROSSBRED SHEEP
Crossbred Sheep (BREED CODE: 099)
1 year & above
Sub Total (24+25)
Up to 1 year
1 year & above
Sub Total (27+28)
Total (26+29)
Female
Up to 1 year
Male
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
These columns shall be used by the enumerator to fill up the number of those sheep
which are crossbred with a specific exotic breed. The age group considered for male
and female crossbred sheep is up to 1 year and over 1 year. Total of male and female
will be recorded at column (30).
Indigenous Sheep: Columns (31-37):
Name of breed :
(Breed Code :
)
1 year & above
Sub Total (31+32)
Up to 1 year
1 year & above
Sub Total (34+35)
Total (33+36)
Female
Up to 1 year
Male
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
There are 40 indigenous sheep. The Enumerator has to take into account only species
breed available in their State and registered by NBAGR while filling up the Columns
(31) to (37). The enumerator shall refer to Annexure-II for breed name and breed
code. The age group considered for male/female indigenous sheep is „up to 1 year‟
and „over 1 year‟. Total of male and female will be recorded at column (37). Provision
has been made to fill up information of five such breeds in Columns (31-37, 45-51,
59-65, 73-79 &87-93) . If there is more than five breeds of sheep are available in the
48
Instruction manual
20th Livestock Census-2017
village/Urban ward there census operation is in progress. The enumerator should
use additional sheet to record such entries.
Indigenous Graded Sheep: Columns (38-44):
Graded breed :
(Breed Code :
)
1 year & above
Sub Total (38+39)
Up to 1 year
1 year & above
Sub Total (41+42)
Total (40+43)
Female
Up to 1 year
Male
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
These columns shall be used by the enumerator to fill up the number of those sheep
which are having more than 50% phenotypic characteristics but less than 100% of a
pure indigenous breed. Total of male and female will be recorded at column (44).
Provision has been made to fill up information of five such breeds in Columns(38-44,
52-58, 66-72, 80-86 & 94-100). As narrated, additional sheet may be used for more
than five breed availabilities the village/urban ward.
Indigenous Non-Descript Sheep: Columns (101-107):
NON-DESCRIPT:
(Breed Code: 999)
1 year & above
Sub Total (101+102)
Up to 1 year
1 year & above
Sub Total (104+105)
Total (103+106)
Female
Up to 1 year
Male
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
Non-descript animals are neither pure nor graded but cannot be identified as registered breed by NBAGR. They are most common in many parts of our country. The
49
Instruction manual
20th Livestock Census-2017
enumerator shall use their knowledge for better understanding of the type of the animal. He may also crosscheck all the phenotypic characteristics of the breeds available in his/her State as given in the Annexure-IV in order to arrive at a proper
judgement. At the end of every page, the enumerator shall record the page totals of
every column and also the page total corresponding to the number household having exotic/crossbred/ indigenous/ Non-descript Sheep. Sum of these page totals
will be used for preparing the summary schedule, Schedule-II if any of a particular
village/urban ward.
Goats (code 06): There are 24 indigenous breeds in Goats. Under indigenous, the
graded breed of each pure breed shall also be considered. Enumerators shall consider only those
breeds which are available in their State and registered under NBAGR. All other local breeds shall
be included under Non-descript. There are 102
columns under this sub-part of Part-I.
Pure Goats: Columns (3-11): The Enumerator has to record information of specified
breed available in the State and registered by NBAGR.
Name of breed :-----------(Breed Code : ----)
Male
Female
1 year and above
Sub Total (3+4)
Under 1 year
In milk
Dry
Not calved once
Sub Total (6+7+8+9)
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
50
Total (5+10)
Under 1 year
1 year and above
11
Instruction manual
20th Livestock Census-2017
These columns are meant for pure indigenous breeds of male and female goats
which are grouped into two age groups, “under 1 year” and “over 1 year” for both
male and female. The female goat is further grouped into three sub category based
on “in milk, dry” and “not calved once”. Information is recorded for male and female each sub category and sub-total in these columns. Total of male and female will
be recorded at column (11). Provision has been made to fill up information of five
such breeds in Columns (3-11, 21-29, 39-47, 57-65 & 75-83). If there are more than five
breeds available in the village/urban ward, the Enumerator should use additional
sheet to records such breeds.
Graded Goats: Columns (12-20):
Graded breed :-----------(Breed Code : ----)
Male
Female
Total (12+13)
Under 1 year
In milk
Dry
Not calved once
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
Total (14+19)
1 year and above
12
Sub Total (15+16+17+18)
Under 1 year
1 year and above
20
These columns shall be filled up by the enumerator to record the number of those
goats which are having more than 50% phonotypic characteristic but less than 100%
of a pure indigenous breed. Information for Graded Goats shall be recorded for male
and female each sub category and sub-total in these columns. Total of male and female will be recorded at column (20). Provision has been made to fill up information
of five such breeds in Columns (12-20, 30-38, 48-56, 66-74 & 84-92).
Additional sheet may be used if there are more than five breeds in the village/urban
ward.
51
Instruction manual
20th Livestock Census-2017
Non-descript Goats: Columns (93-101):
NON-DESCRIPT
(Breed Code : 999)
97
98
99
100
Total (95+100)
96
Sub Total (96+97+98+99)
95
Not calved once
Under 1 year
94
Dry
Sub Total (93+94)
93
In milk
1 year and above
Female
1 year and above
Under 1 year
Male
101
Non-descript animals are neither pure nor graded but cannot be identified and registered by NBAGR. They are most common in many parts of our country. The enumerator shall use their knowledge for better understanding of the type of the animal.
He/she may also crosscheck all the phenotypic characteristics of the breed available
in his/her State as given in the Annexure-IV in order to arrive at a proper judgement.
The enumerator shall refer to Annexure-II for breed code, breed description and
other identification particulars.
At the end of every page the enumerator shall record the page totals of every column
and also the page total corresponding to the number of household having Indigenous/Non-descript Goats.
Horses (Code 07): There are 6 indigenous breeds in Horses. Enumerator shall consider only those breeds which are available in
their State and registered by NBAGR. All other
local breeds shall be included under Nondescript. There are 48 columns under this subpart of Part-I.
52
Instruction manual
20th Livestock Census-2017
Horses: Columns (3-11):
7
9
10
Total (6+10)
8
Sub Total (7+8+9)
6
Used for Sport
5
Used for cart/carriage
4
Under 3 years
Sub Total (3+4+5)
Female
3 years and above
Used for Sport
3
Male
3 years and above
Used for cart/carriage
Under 3 years
Name of breed: ----------- (Breed Code :----)
11
These columns refer to both male and female horses grouped into two age groups
„under 3 years‟ and „over 3 years‟. These columns are further divided according to
the uses such as „used for cart/carriage‟ and „used for sport‟. Information is recorded for male and female each sub category and sub-total in these columns. Total of
male and female will be recorded at column (11). Provision has been made to fill
up information of four such breeds in Columns (3-11, 12-20, 21-29 & 30-38). It is to
be noted that Horses and Ponies are look-alike and have common breed name &
breed code. Distinction between horses and ponies are made based on their height. A
uniform height of 4 feet and above is termed as horse or else it is considered as pony.
A meticulous judgement is to be made by enumerator not only for the breed of horses and ponies but also to identify the equines. The enumerator may take assistance of
the knowledgeable person in that area as well as the owner of such equines.
Non-descript Horse: Columns (39-47):
53
45
46
Total (42+46)
44
Sub Total (43+44+45)
43
Used for Sport
42
Used for cart/carriage
41
Under 3 years
40
Sub Total (39+40+41)
3 years and above
Used for Sport
39
Female
3 years and above
Used for cart/carriage
Under 3 years
Non-Descript (Breed Code :-999)
Male
47
Instruction manual
20th Livestock Census-2017
These columns are meant for recording the number of non-descript horses.
The grand total of sub totals will be recorded in column 48.
The enumerator shall refer to Annexure-II for breed code, breed description and
other identification particulars.
At the end of every page the enumerator shall record the page totals of every column
and also the page total corresponding to the number of household having Indigenous/Non-descript Horses.
Ponies (Code 08): There are 48columns under this sub-part of Part-I. There
are6indigenous breeds in Ponies. Enumerator
shall consider only those breeds which are
available in their State and registered by
NBAGR. All other local breeds shall be included under Non-descript.
Pony: Columns (3-11):
6
7
8
9
Total (6+10)
Used for Sport
5
Used for cart/carraige
4
Under 3 years
Used for Sport
3
Sub Total (3+4+5)
Used for cart/carraige
3 years and above
Under 3 years
Female
3 years and above
Sub Total (7+8+9)
Name of breed: ----------(Breed Code :----)
Male
10
11
These columns refer to both male and female ponies grouped into two age groups
„under 3 years‟ and „over 3 years‟. These columns are further divided according to
the uses such as „used for cart/carriage‟ and „used for sport‟. Information is recorded for male and female each sub category and sub-total in these columns. Total of
54
Instruction manual
20th Livestock Census-2017
male and female will be recorded at column (11). Provision has been made to fill
up information of four such breeds in Columns (3-11, 12-20, 21-29 & 30-38).
Pony Non-descript: Columns (39) to (47):
Non-Descript (Breed Code : 999)
Male
Female
Under 3 years
Used for cart/carriage
Used for Sport
Sub Total (39+40+41)
Under 3 years
Used for cart/carriage
Used for Sport
Sub Total (43+44+45)
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
Total (42+46)
3 years and above
3 years and above
47
These columns are meant for recording the number of non-descript ponies.
The grand total of sub totals will be recorded in column 48.
The enumerator shall record the age and sex, utility wise information of every breed
under respective column. The enumerator shall refer to Annexure-II for breed code,
breed description and other identification particulars.
At the end of every page the enumerator shall record the page totals of every column
and also the page total corresponding to the number of household having Indigenous/Non-descript Ponies.
Mules (Code 09): There are 3 columns under this sub-part of Part-I. There is no specific breed registered by NBAGR for mules.
55
Instruction manual
20th Livestock Census-2017
Mules: Columns (49-51):
Under 3 years
3 years and above
Grand Total (49+50)
MULE (Code 09)
49
50
51
These columns refer to mule under 3 years and over 3 years.
The enumerator shall record the age- wise information of every animal under respective column and total ponies to be recorded in col.(51).
At the end of every page the enumerator shall record the page totals of every column
and also the page total corresponding to the number of household having mules.
Donkeys (Code 10): There are 17 columns under this sub-part of Part-I. Only one
breed of Donkey, spiti is considered in the Census.
All remaining animals shall be categorised under
Non-descript.
Spiti Donkeys (Breed Code 010): Columns (3-9):
Spiti (Breed Code:010)
3 years and above
Sub Total (3-4)
Under 3 years
3 years and above
Sub Total (6+7)
Total (5+8)
Female
Under 3 years
Male
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
56
Instruction manual
20th Livestock Census-2017
These columns refer to spiti breed of donkeys under the age group ‘under 3 years’
and ‘over 3 years’ for both male and female. The spiti breed specially be identified
at Spiti Valley of Himachal Pradesh. However, if the same breed is available in
other States the enumerator should meticulously observe the animal and the
number shall be recorded. All others may be categorised under Non-Descript.
Non-Descript (Breed Code 099): Columns (10-16):
Non-Descript (Breed Code:099)
3 years and above
Sub Total (10+11)
Under 3 years
3 years and above
Sub Total (13+14)
Total (12+15)
Female
Under 3 years
Male
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
These are those donkeys which do not belong to spiti breed
The grand total of sub totals will be recorded in column 17.
The enumerator shall record the age and sex- wise information of every animal under respective column. The enumerator shall refer to Annexure-II for breed code,
breed description and other identification particulars.
At the end of every page the enumerator shall record the page totals of every column
and also the page total corresponding to the number of household having donkeys.
57
Instruction manual
20th Livestock Census-2017
Camels (Code 11): There are 9 breeds of camels registered under NBAGR. Enumerator shall consider only those breeds
which are available in their State and
registered by NBAGR. All other local
breeds shall be included under Nondescript. There are 45 columns under this
sub-part of Part-I.
Camels: Columns (3) to (9):
BREED NAME:----- (Breed Code:---)
Under 4 years
4 years and above
Sub Total (6+7)
4
5
6
7
8
(5+8)
Sub Total (3+4)
3
Total
4 years and above
Female
Under 4 years
Male
9
The enumerator shall collect information for the number of indigenous camels available in the HH/HHE/NHHE/Institutions according to two age groups, „under 4
years‟ and „over 4 years‟ for both male and female. Information is recorded for male
and female for each sub category and sub-total in these columns. Total of male and
female will be recorded at column (9). Provision has been made to fill up information
of four such breeds in Columns (10-16, 17-23, 24-30 & 31-37).
58
Instruction manual
20th Livestock Census-2017
Non-descript Camels: Columns (38-44):
Non-Descript (Breed Code:-999)
Sub Total (38+39)
Under 4 years
4 years and above
Sub Total (41+42)
38
39
40
41
42
43
Total (40+43)
4 years and above
Female
Under 4 years
Male
44
These columns are meant for recording the number of non-descript camels.
The grand total of sub totals will be recorded in column 45.
The enumerator shall refer to Annexure-II for breed code, breed description and
other identification particulars.
At the end of every page the enumerator shall record the page totals of every column
and also the page total corresponding to the number of households having camel.
Pigs (Code 12): There are 3 indigenous breeds and 4 exotic breeds in Pigs. Enumerator shall consider only those breeds which are
available in their State and registered under
NBAGR. All other local breeds shall be included
under Non-descript. There are 59 columns under
this sub-part of Part-I.
59
Instruction manual
20th Livestock Census-2017
Exotic Pigs: Columns (3-9):
BREED NAME: -------------(BREED CODE:-----)
Sub Total (3+4)
Under 6 months
6 months & above
Sub Total (6+7)
3
4
5
6
7
8
Total (5+8)
6 months & above
FEMALE
Under 6 months
MALE
9
These columns shall be used by the enumerator for filling up of the number of pure
Exotic pigs available in each HH/HHE/NHHE /Institutions. The male and female
Pigs are to be separately counted and should be grouped under two age groups,
„under 6 months‟ and „over 6 months‟. Information is recorded for male and female
for each sub category and sub-total in these columns. Total of male and female will
be recorded at column (9). Provision has been made to fill up information of three
such breeds in Columns (10-16, 17-23, & 24-30).
FEMALE
Sub Total (34+35)
Total (33+36)
33
6 months & above
32
EXOT IC CROSSBRED PIGS
Under 6 months
MALE
Sub Total (31+32)
31
6 months & above
Under 6 months
Crossbred Pigs: Columns (31-37):
35
36
37
EXOT IC CROSSBRED PIGS (BREED CODE: 099)
34
These columns are meant to record the information of crossbred pigs. Information is
recorded for male and female for each sub category and sub-total in these columns.
Total of male and female will be recorded at column (37).
60
Instruction manual
20th Livestock Census-2017
Pigs Indigenous: Columns (38-51):
BREED NAME: --------------
(BREED CODE:---)
(BREED CODE:---)
43
44
Sub Total (48+49)
42
6 months & above
Sub Total (41+42)
41
Under 6 months
6 months & above
40
Sub Total (45+46)
Under 6 months
39
FEMALE
6 months & above
Sub Total (38+39)
38
MALE
Under 6 months
6 months & above
FEMALE
Under 6 months
MALE
Total (40+43)
BREED NAME: --------------
Total (47+50)
INDIGENOUS PIGS
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
These columns are meant to record the information of Indigenous- Pigs. Information
is recorded for male and female for each sub category and sub-total in these columns.
Total of male and female will be recorded at column (44). Provision has been made to
fill up information of two such breeds in Columns (38-44, & 45-51).
Non-Descript Pigs: Columns (52-58):
6 months & above
Sub Total (52+53)
Under 6 months
6 months & above
SubTotal (55+56)
FEMALE
Under 6 months
MALE
52
53
54
55
56
57
Total (54+57)
NO N-DES C RIPT (BREED C O DE:999)
58
These columns are meant to recording the information of Non-descript Pigs.
The enumerator shall refer to Annexure-II for breed code, breed description and
other identification particulars.
At the end of every page, the enumerator shall record the page totals of every column and also the page total corresponding to the number of household having exotic/ crossbred/indigenous/Non-Descript Pigs. Sum of these page totals will be used
61
Instruction manual
20th Livestock Census-2017
for preparing the summary schedule, Schedule-II if any of a particular village/urban
ward.
5.5 Other than Livestock
Dogs (Code 13): There are 3 columns [Columns (3-5)] namely male, female and total.
The enumerator shall record the number of
only pet dogs available in the HH/HHE/
NHHE/Institutions. The street dogs are to be
counted separately and recorded as stray dogs.
Male
Female
Total (3+4)
DOGS ( code 13)
3
4
5
No breed of dogs has been identified and registered by NBAGR.
Rabbits (Code 14): There are 3[Columns (6-8)] columns under this species The enumerator shall record the number of rabbits available in
the HH/HHE/NHHE/ Institutions, according to their
sex. No breed of rabbits has been identified and registered by NBAGR. Only male, female and total of Rabbits
has to be recorded in these cols.
RABBITS (code 14)
Male
Female
Total (6+7)
6
7
8
62
Instruction manual
20th Livestock Census-2017
Elephants (Code 15): There are 3 columns [Columns (9-11)] for male, female and total. The enumerator shall record the number of only domesticated elephants available in the HH/HHE/ NHHE/ Institutions. Wild elephants should not be considered for the census.
ELEPHANTS (code 15)
Male
Female
Total (9+10)
9
10
11
5.6 Part-II - Poultry
The Part-II of Schedule-III A & III B is for collecting the number of poultry birds in
Households and Household Enterprises according
to
their
breeds
(Schedule-IIIA)
and
Non-
Household enterprises and Institutions (ScheduleIIIB). The Part-II has 38 Columns in Schedule-III A
and Schedule-III B.
Schedule-IIIA (Backyard Poultry)
Fowls [Columns (4-24)]: The enumerator shall fill-up the col. (1) to (2). The enumerator should copy these information from part 1.
The type of poultry farms are to be recorded in
col. (3). The codes for poultry farms are given and
recorded accordingly. The col. (3) is not relevant
for schedule-III A and should be left blank. The
col. 4-24 are meant for recording information of
63
Instruction manual
20th Livestock Census-2017
the Fowls according to their recognised breeds other Desi and improved fowls available in the village/ward. The col. 4-7 are meant for recording Cocks (Male), Hens
(Female) and chickens below 5 months old for a specific recognised breed of fowls.
The breed name and breed code to be recorded on the top of these columns. Similarly, provision has been made to record specific recognized breeds of fowls in col.8-11
and 12-15 respectively.
All other non-recognized breed of fowls is divided in two categories that is other desi
and improved fowls. The other desi fowls are recognized for their laying of eggs. The
other desi fowls which less than 100 eggs in a year are to be recorded in col. 16-19.
The fowls which lay eggs more than 100 in a year are termed as improved fowls. The
col. 20-23 refer to improved fowls. The category improved fowls shall be determined
based on laying on more than 100 eggs as given under foot note of Part II of Schedule-IIIA. The sum of columns 7, 11, 15, 19 and 23 will be the total fowls available in
the household/household enterprises.
The Col. (3) will keep blank while filling up Schedule-IIIA and will be filled only for
Schedule-IIIB.
For Breed Codes the enumerator shall refer to the Annexure-II given and write the
appropriate code after confirmation with photos and identification particulars.
The total fowls shall be reported under Column (24).
Ducks [Columns (25-28)]: The col. (25) to (28) meant for
recording Ducks where the number of Drakes, Ducks and
Ducklings below 6 months old shall be reported in columns 25, 26 and 27 respectively. Total numbers of ducks in
the household/ household enterprises to be recorded in
column 28.
64
Instruction manual
20th Livestock Census-2017
Turkeys [Columns (29-31)]: The male and female turkeys shall be recorded in col. 29
and 30 respectively.
The total number of turkey birds possessed by the Households and Household Enterprises shall be recorded in col. (31)
Other poultry birds: Columns (32-37)
The number of other poultry birds such as Quails, Gini Fowl, Ostrich, Emu, Geese
irrespective of their male and female combination possessed by the Households and
Household Enterprises shall be reported in these columns. No other poultrys birds
other than these mentioned shall be recorded in these columns. Never report the figures without specifically identifying the same in order to clearly reflect the categories falling under other ‘poultry birds’. Total of columns 32, 33, 34, 35 and 36 shall be
recorded in columns 37.
Total backyard poultry: Column (38)
The total of Columns (24), (28), (31) and (37) will give total backyard poultry birds.
Instructions for Schedule-III B:
Schedule-IIIB: Non-Household Enterprises/Institutions: The information
under Schedule-IIIB shall be filled by the enumerator in similar lines as
explained for Schedule-IIIA except for the following:
•Under Column (3) type of poultry farms such as Layer Farm -1, Broiler
Farm-2, Duck Farm-3 other Poultry Farm -4, Hatchery-5, with their codes as
given shall be reported.
65
Instruction manual
20th Livestock Census-2017
5.7 Part-III - No. of Equipment used in Livestock Sector
No. of Mechanised Equipment used in Livestock Sector.
The information corresponding to the following
equipment are to be collected:

Incubator/breeder

Milking machine

Fodder Cutter

Chopper & baler

Dung Collection, cleaning and Disposal
Equipment
Number of Mechanised Equipment: Columns (1-7):
Fodder cutter
Chopper & Baler
Dung collection & disposal
equipment
2
Milking machine
Name of the head of the household
(Column 4 Block 2 of Schedule-I)
1
Number of Equipment used in livestock sector*
Incubators/Breeders
Serial No. of household/HHE
(Column 6 Block 2 of Schedule-I)
SCHEDULE- IIIA -HOUSEHOLD SCHEDULE (LIVESTOCK & POULTRY)
PART III: NUMBER OF EQUIPMENT USED IN LIVESTOCK SECTOR
HOUSEHOLDS AND HOUSEHOLD ENTERPRISES
3
4
5
6
7
Page Total
*Power operated mechanised equipment only to be reported
There are 7 columns under this block. Sl. No. and name of head of household/
household enterprises to be copied from part I of the schedules and to be recorded
under Column (1) and Column (2) respectively. Columns (3) – (7) are selfexplanatory. The enumerator may refer to the definition of each equipment given
under Chapter-III. Total no. of equipment used in such activities to be recorded by
the enumerator. All petty handhold equipment used should not be considered in the
66
Instruction manual
20th Livestock Census-2017
census. The equipment used by farmers may vary across the States depending upon
the design and manufacturer company. Therefore, the enumerator may use his best
wisdom in consultation with knowledgeable person he asses the type of equipment
used and record it.
67
Instruction manual
20th Livestock Census-2017
Chapter-VI
Fisheries Statistics
Schedule-IVA & Schedule–IV B: Fisheries Statistics:
The schedule is to be canvassed in those households
and / or non-household enterprises / institutions
where at least one member is engaged in Fishery or
Fishery-related activities. It includes the activities like
fish capture, culture, peeling, marketing, processing,
net-mending craft and gears or some other fisheryrelated allied activities.
In case of Households, Schedule-IVA: Fisheries Activities for household/ household
enterprises and in case of Non-household Enterprises/Institutions, Schedule-IVB,
Fisheries Activities for non-household enterprises and institutions, will be canvassed.
Fisheries activities for household and household and household enterprise.
Schedule-IVA: Column (1) to Column (8) relates to identification particulars and socio economic parameters of the household and household enterprises. If the household and household enterprises pursue activities related to livestock as well as fisheries Sector, the same information may be copied from Part-I of Schedule-IIIA else
these information are to be recorded after collecting from the household/ household
enterprises. Activities-wise codes for different parameters are given in the bottom of
the Schedule-IVA. Information on nature of fishing activities as per assigned code to
be recorded in column (9) of this block. Similarly, types of fishing activities as per assigned code to be recorded in column 10 of this block.
68
Instruction manual
20th Livestock Census-2017
In case of Schedule-IV B relevant information of owner of non-household enterprises/institution to be recorded in Col.(1) to Col.(10). In case of Col.(4) of Nonhousehold Enterprises, data on entire Land holding, including Agricultural Land
holding, by the Non-household is to be collected. Similar Codes of Agricultural Land
holding will be given. Remaining columns are to be filled up accordingly.
Schedule-IVB: Column 1 to Column 3 and Column 7 to 9 will remain same as explained for
Schedule-IVA Instruction Set of the main Household Schedule.
Schedule-IVB: Column 4 – Land Holding: In case of Non-household Enterprise, data
on entire Land holding, including Agricultural Land holding, by the Non-household
is to be collected. Similar Codes of Agricultural Land holding will be given.
Schedule-IVB: Column 5 – Registration Status: If the enterprise is registered having
registration number, Code „1‟ will be given, otherwise Code „2‟ will be given.
Column 10 – Nature of Fishery Activities: The nature of fishery activities may relate
to Inland fishing activities or Marine fishing activities. If the household and / or
non-household enterprise / institution is involved in fishing activities related to Inland Fisheries, write code „1‟, Marine Fisheries, write code „2‟ and Brackish Water
Fisheries, write code „3‟ in the column provided against this item.
Column 11 to 13 – Number of Members in the Household and / or Non-Household
Enterprises / Institutions: All persons living and dining together in a common kitchen are to be considered as member of the concerned household. Write actual number
of such members by male, female and children in the columns provided for this purpose. All members of a household and / or non-household enterprise / institution
whose age is less than 18 years may be treated as children and may be classified accordingly.
69
Instruction manual
20th Livestock Census-2017
Column 14 to 33 – Number of Members of Household engaged in Fishery Activities: It may be possible that different members of a household and / or nonhousehold enterprise / institution are engaging themselves in different type of fishery or fishery-related activities. Even some might be involved in a particular activity
on full-time basis while others are engaged on part-time basis. In the various subitems of this main item, number of household members engaged in different activities will be filled-up by male / female. Major time criterion will be followed while
deciding the fishery or fishery-related activity. The instructions for various subitems are as follows:
Actual Operation in Fishery Activity (Column 14 to 21): Actual Fishery Activity includes the activities of Fish Culture and Capture. The number of members of the
household and / or non-household enterprise / institution who are involved in actual fishery activity on full-time basis will be recorded in columns 13, 14 (Fish Capture) & 17, 18 (Fish Culture) and those who are involved in actual fishery activity on
part-time basis will be recorded in columns 15, 16 (Fish Capture) & 19, 20 (Fish Culture) according to male and female bifurcation. The members pursue fishery activities less than two (2) hours occasionally will NOT be considered for part time engagement in such activities.
Other allied / fishery-related activities (Column 22 to 33):
Peeling / Curing / Processing of Fish (Column 22 and 23): The number of members
of the household and / or non-household enterprise / institution who are in Curing
/ Processing of Fish will be recorded by male / female in the columns 22 and 23 provided for this purpose against this sub-item. The members engaged for peeling/curing/ processing of fish should fulfil at least part time criteria to record the
no. of members in these columns.
70
Instruction manual
20th Livestock Census-2017
Making / Mending of Net, Repair of Boat (Column 24 and 25): The number of
members of the household and / or non-household enterprise / institution who are
in making / mending of Net and / or repair of Boat will be recorded by male / female in the columns 24 and 25 provided for this purpose against this sub-item. The
members engaged for peeling/curing/ processing of fish should fulfil at least part
time criteria to record the no. of members in these columns for making/ mending of
net and repair of boat.
Marketing of Fish (Column 26 and 27): Marketing of Fish will include selling of fish
and fishery products both in wholesale market as well as in retail shop. The number
of members of the household and / or non-household enterprise / institution who
are in marketing of fish will be recorded by male / female in the columns 26 and 27
provided for this purpose against this sub-item. The members engaged for peeling/curing/ processing of fish should fulfil at least part time criteria to record the
no. of members in these columns for marketing of fish. Selling of captured fish by
members in landing centers/ offshore or to whole sale trader will not qualify for entry in these columns.
Ornamental Fishery (Column 28 and 29): Number of members of the concerned
household and / or non-household enterprise / institution who are involved in Ornamental Fishery will be recorded by male / female in the respective columns 28 and
29 provided for this purpose against this sub-item. The members engaged for peeling/curing/ processing of fish should fulfil at least part time criteria to record the
no. of members in these columns for ornamental fishery.
Fishery Labour (Column 30 and 31): Number of members of the concerned household and / or non-household enterprise / institution who are involved in Fishery
and / or Fishery related activities as Labour will be recorded by male / female in the
respective columns 30 and 31 provided for this purpose against this sub-item. The
members engaged for peeling/curing/ processing of fish should fulfil at least part
71
Instruction manual
20th Livestock Census-2017
time criteria to record the no. of members in these columns for fishery labour. At
least they should work with wholesale traders or at landing centres with owner of
non-household enterprises/ institution on weekly/ monthly wage basis.
Others (Specify) (Column 32 and 33): All activities related to fisheries and allied activities not mentioned in the above sub-items will be taken into the category of „Others‟. Number of members of the concerned household and / or non-household enterprise / institution who are involved in any such activities will be recorded by
male / female in the respective columns 32 and 33 provided for this purpose against
this sub-item. As far as possible activities to be specified and recorded in appropriate
space provided. The members engaged for peeling/curing/ processing of fish
should fulfil at least part time criteria to record the no. of members in these columns
for others. No activity other than fisheries to be recorded in this column.
Type of Water Body from which Fishing is done (Columns 34): If Code in Column
10 is either „1‟ or „2‟, then columns 34 to 37 are to be filled. i.e. Information against
this item will be filled up only when any member of the concerned household and /
or non-household enterprise / institution is involved in the activities of Fish Capture
and / or Fish Culture. The type of water body in which Fish Capture and / or Fish
Culture is being done will be recorded in numeric codes as given below:
If Fish Capturing / Fish Culturing is done in
(i)
Aquaculture Ponds and Tanks, write code „1‟
(ii)
Brackish Water Impoundments, write code „2‟
(iii)
Water Logged Areas, write code „3‟
(iv)
Reservoirs and Check Dams, write code „4‟
(v)
Rivers, write code „5‟
(vi)
Lakes / Oxbow Lakes / Meanders / Beels / Chaurs / Channels, write
code „6‟
(vii)
Marine Resources, i.e. Sea, write code „7‟.
72
Instruction manual
20th Livestock Census-2017
Nature of Water Body (Column 35): A water body could be either Perennial or Seasonal in nature. If water in a water body is available for whole year, it is termed as
Perennial otherwise termed as Seasonal. If the concerned water body is perennial,
write „1‟ otherwise write „2‟in the column provided for against this item.
Location of the Water Body (Column 36): Information against this item will be filled
up only when any member of the concerned household and / or non-household enterprise / institution is involved in the activities of Fish Capture and / or Fish Culture. In this item, information on distance of the water body in which Fish Capture /
Fish Culture is being done by the concerned household and / or non-household enterprise / institution from the village / ward in which the concerned household and
/ or non-household enterprise / institution is situated will be filled up in numeric
code from as given below:
If the concerned water body is available
(i)
Within the village / ward, write „1‟
(ii)
Outside Village / Ward but at a distance of less than 5 km. from the village / ward, write „2‟
(iii)
Outside Village / Ward but at a distance of more than 5 km from the village / ward, write „3‟
Ownership of Water Body (Column 37): Information against this item will be filled
up when any member of the concerned household and / or non-household enterprise / institution is involved in the activities of Fish Capture and/ or Fish Culture.
One digit numeric code will be filled in the column against this item depending on
the status of ownership of the water body by the concerned household and / or nonhousehold enterprise / institution in which its members are capturing / culturing
the fish. Codes will be provided as given below:
If the water body is
(i)
Owned by the concerned household and / or non-household enterprise
/ institution, write code „1‟
73
Instruction manual
20th Livestock Census-2017
(ii)
Owned by the Village Panchayat, write code „2‟
(iii)
Owned by the Government other than Village Panchayat, write code „3‟
(iv)
Owned by the Cooperative Society, write code „4‟
(v)
Owned by other individuals, write code „5‟.
Number of Crafts and Gears (Column 38 to 56): In columns No. 38 to 56, actual
number of different types of Crafts such as Mechanized, Motorized, Non-Motorized
and Traditional; and Gears such as Drag Nets, Trawl Nets, Hook and Lines, Cast
Nets, Gill Nets, Set Barriers, etc. used for Fish Capture owned by the concerned
household and / or non-household enterprise / institution will be recorded. In column No. 56, the actual number of any other types of implements used for Fish Capture but not mentioned in column No. 38 to 55 will be recorded. The number of fishing craft/vessels owned by the household, household enterprises, Non household
enterprises/ Institution with separate information for each types of mechanised vessels in columns 38 to 41, motorised crafts in columns 42 to 45 and non-mechanised
crafts in column 46 to 49 shall be recorded. The crafts are identified as trawlers, gill
netters, liners and seiners with their different length. Codes are assigned for different
length of crafts/ vessels are: 1. Up to 7.5 m.-1., 7.6m -10m -2, 10.1 to 15.0m -3, 15.1m
to 20.0m – 4, above 20.0m – 5. Appropriate code for length of crafts/ vessels for
mechanised, motorised and non-mechanised vessels to be recorded in appropriate
columns. All non-mechanised/ motorised crafts to be recorded in columns 46 to 49.
In case the household/ household enterprises/ non- household enterprises/ institutions have more than one type/ sizes of crafts, all this to be recorded in their respective categories. In case more than one craft is available either in different types or
sizes, their total no. should be a recorded against the specific codes for different sizes
in respective type within the bracket. Otherwise giving single code will denote single
craft for the specific type and size class
.
74
Instruction manual
20th Livestock Census-2017
The definition of various types of Nets is given below:
Drag Net: Drag Net is a net having 20 to 25 ft of length and 5 ft of breadth with the
Mesh size of ¼ to ½ inch and is bound by 2 Bamboo Sticks. Keeping the ends of both
the Bamboos at Sea Floor, it is dragged by 2 Fishermen to catch the offshore fish. Because of such method, this net is known as Drag Net. The number of Drag net used
by the household/household enterprises/non-household enterprises/institutions to
be recorded in column (50).
Cast Net: Cast Net is a Cone-shaped net of length 2.7 to 3.0 metres and Mouth Circumference of about 14.00 metres with Lead Spheres threaded at the distance of
4 cms. on the mouth. The fishermen cast such net on the seashore by keeping the end
in hand. Such net needs expertise in the mode of operations as its mouth must be
kept remaining open at the time of casting. The number of Drag net used by the
household/household enterprises/non-household enterprises/institutions to be recorded in column 50 and record for column (53).
Trawl Net: A conical bag shaped-net with two or more wings, pulled by one to two
boats for a period of time. It is divided in 4 parts such as Winch, Mouth, Belly and
Cone-end having length of 40 to 60 metres. Main size of the net decreases from
Mouth to Cone-end. Such net is arranged to keep mouth open by dragging with the
provision of Wings along the sea-floor on the support to warps of wire-ropes peddled out from a winch worked generally by the main engine of the vessels. Such net
is used to catch mainly fish or other aquatic animals that live directly on, or stay near
the sea bed. The number of Drag net used by the household/household enterprises/non-household enterprises/institutions to be recorded in column (50) and record
for column(51).
75
Instruction manual
20th Livestock Census-2017
Hook and Line: Hook and Line Net consist of very long horizontal main line with
vertical branches spaced at certain uniform intervals, each branch bearing a series of
bolted-hooks. This gear generally consists of line(s) and hook(s) where natural or artificial baits are hooked to attract fish or other aquatic animals. Unabated hooks or a
jig may also be used. Most of the long-sized predatory fishes such as Shark, Ray, Cat
Fish, Whale, etc. are caught by this gear. The number of Drag net used by the household/household enterprises/non-household enterprises/institutions to be recorded
in column 50 and record for column (52).
Seine Net: A bag shaped net with two wings, normally, the wings are larger than
those of trawl nets. The net is pulled towards a stationary boat or onto a beach. A
seine net of a primitive nature sometimes does not have a bag.
Gill Net: A net wall, with its lower end weighted by sinkers (or heavy net, as in drift
gill net) and the upper end raised by floats, is set across the path of migrating fish.
Fish trying to make their way through the net wall are gilled or entangled in the
mesh. The trammel net with two to three wall nets is also included herein. The migrating fish are entangled between two layers of net and not in the mesh where a
combination of different types of nets are used. The number of Drag net used by the
household/household enterprises/non-household enterprises/institutions to be recorded in column 50 and record for column(54).
Scoop Net: A bag-net, with a fixed or variable opening, is operated in shallow waters
or from boats. Some large scale scoop nets are operated from a motorized boat such
as the boat push net.
Lift Net: A sheet of net, usually square, but may sometimes be conical, is stretched
by several rods, ropes, or a frame and is set either at the bottom or in mid-water for
some time and then lifted to rap the fish swimming above it.
76
Instruction manual
20th Livestock Census-2017
Trap: Gear that is set or stationed in the water for a certain period, regardless of the
kind of material used for their construction. The fish when caught are naturally confined in a collecting unit from which escape is prevented by labyrinths and/or retarding devices such as gorges, funnels, etc. without any active fishing operation taking place.
Drive-in-net: A bag net with two wings, scoop net and wall with a coconut leaf fence
are usually set in the water against the current. To a larger- scale drive-in net, one to
two hundred fishermen with their frightening ropes and plastic hoses which emit
bubbles drive the fish to enter the bag net and/or scoop net. A lift net is used to catch
fish which are circling the net wall.
Surrounding Net: A net roughly rectangular in shape without a distinct bag is set
vertically in the water to surround the school of fish, generally of pelagic nature. The
nets are subdivided into three major types: one boat purse seine; two boat purse
seine; and surrounding net without a purse line. The ring net type is included in the
category.
Dredge: An iron or net basket with a hard rectangular frame at the opening. This
gear is dragged or pushed along the sea bed usually to collect molluscs such as mussels, oysters, scallops, clams, etc. the shellfish are held in an attached bag or sieve
which allows the water, sand or mud to pass through.
Miscellaneous: This group covers a great variety of other fishing gear and methods
not specified elsewhere or those are based on mixed principles. For example handhooks, harpoons or spears, gaff etc.
77
Instruction manual
20th Livestock Census-2017
Types of nets widely used by fishermen
S.No.
Type of Net
1
Surrounding nets
Purse Seine
Diagram
Broad Definition
A surrounding
net is
a fishing
net which surrounds fish on the sides
and underneath. It is typically used by
commercial fishers, and pulled along
the surface of the water. These nets
surround the fish on the sides and extend underneath so the fish cannot escape. These include: purse seines that
can be pulled together at the bottom.
In purse seining fishing the net hangs
vertically in the water by attaching
weights along the bottom edge and
floats along the top. A simple and
commonly used fishing technique is
beach seining, where the seine net is
operated from the shore.
Beach seine
2
Trawl Nets
These are large nets, conical in shape,
designed to be towed in the sea or
along the sea bottom. The trawl is
pulled through the water by one or
more boats, called trawlers. These are
consisting of a cone-shaped body,
closed by a bag or codend and extended at the opening by wings. They can
be towed by one or two vessels and
different nets are used for bottom and
mid-water trawling.
Mid Water trawl
3
Bottom trawl
Dredges
These are gear dragged along the bottom, usually to collect molluscs such
as mussels, oysters, scallops and
clams. They have the form of a scoop
made of chain mesh and they are
towed by a fishing boat. The catch is
held in a sort of bag or sieve which
allows water, sand and mud to run out.
78
Instruction manual
4
20th Livestock Census-2017
Lift Nets
These nets are set in such a manner as
to allow the fisher to attract fish with
lights or bait. When they are over the
net it is raised or hauled in to capture
the fish. Lift nets come in various
shapes and sizes. The two examples
shown are for boats and smaller shore
mounted apparatus.
Boat Lift Nets
5
Shallow Lift Nets
Cast Net
These
are
round
nets
with
small weights distributed around the
edge. They are also called throw
nets. The net is caste or thrown by
hand in such a manner that it spreads
out on the water and sinks.
6
Gillnets
These nets are used to catch fish which
try to pass through by snagging on the
gill covers. Trapped, the fish can neither advance through the net nor retreat. Thus gill nets are used to enmesh, or catch the fish by the gills, entangling them in the net itself.
Drifting Gill Net
Fixed Gill Net
79
Instruction manual
7
20th Livestock Census-2017
Traps
There are essentially two types of trap,
a permanent or semi-permanent structure placed in a river or tidal area and
pot-traps that are baited to attract prey
and periodically lifted.
Eel Trap
8
Crab Trap
Hooks and Lines
Some fish are attracted to natural or
artificial bait on a hook. There are
many arrangements which can be constructed to catch fish in this manner
with either single hook or in a series.
Some fish are attracted to hooks and
then "jigged" when the hooks are
hauled up and down in jerky movements. This is the principle behind the
attraction of squid to the jigs on which
they are caught. Hooks and lines include: handlines and poles; set longlines; drifting longlines; and trolling
lines.
Handlines and Poles
Set Longlines
9
Trolling Lines
Drag Net
This is a general term which can be
applied to any net which is dragged or
hauled across a river or along the bottom of a lake or sea. The fishing depth
of this net can be adjusted by adding
weights to the bottom.
80
Instruction manual
10
20th Livestock Census-2017
Scoop Net
These are small hand operated devices
formed like bagnets and used to scoop
fish and other prey out of the water. A
typical feature of this gear is that it is
held open by a frame around the opening of the bag. Scoop nets are mainly
used in artisanal fisheries.
81

Similar documents

×

Report this document